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HallPast QuestionsAsk a Scientist Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Unfortunately, we couldn't find that question
Grantees should review the terms of their award agreement to determine when funds must be expended. If there are questions regarding deadlines within the award agreement, Grantees should consult...
HallAsk s ScientistPast Questions Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Unfortunately, we couldn't find that category
related to DOE Furnace NOPR LCC model and TSD Priority Questions A) It appears that the assignment of base case efficiency for each individual home is chosen based on a random assignment in the Base Case AFUE sheet D12. This ignores the likelihood that there is an economic motive for consumers in selecting condensing vs. non-condensing furnaces. That is, consumers who have good payback economics for condensing furnaces are actually less likely to be affected by a rule than those with poor
Just a quick reminder that the deadline for submitting your home energy efficiency questions directly to Secretary Chu is midnight tonight (10/07). The Secretary will personally respond to some of the questions next week.
Science Questions Related Links MC3E Home News News & Press MC3E Backgrounder (PDF, 1.61MB) SGP Images ARM flickr site Field Blog ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Deployment Operations Measurements Science Plan (PDF, 3.85 MB) Featured Data Plots SGP Data Plots (all) Experiment Planning Steering Committee Science Questions MC3E Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Meetings Cloud Life Cycle Working Group Contacts Michael Jensen, Lead Scientist Science Questions This experiment seeks to use a
Science Questions Related Links SPARTICUS Home AAF Home Deployment Operations Measurements SGP Data Plots NASA Data Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Experiment Planning SPARTICUS Proposal Abstract Science Questions Science and Operations (PDF, 1.01M) SPARTICUS Wiki News News & Press Backgrounder (PDF, 269K) Contacts Gerald Mace, Lead Scientist Science Questions Scatter plot of ice crystal number concentration from two different probes used during TWP-ICE. The differences are significant
DOE G 424.1-1, Implementation Guide for Use in Addressing Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements Performance Objective 1: Contractor Program Documentation 1. The USQ ...
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Frequently asked questions (FAQs) and their corresponding answers regarding industrial distributed energy (DE) and combined heat and power (CHP) are provided below.
Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet
Science Questions Science Plan (PDF, 4.4M) Rob Wood Website Outreach Backgrounders English Version (PDF, 363K) Portuguese Version (PDF, 327K) AMF Posters, 2009 English Version...
Science Questions Related Links CLASIC Home AAF Home ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Post-Campaign CLASIC/CHAPS Special Session at AGU Annual Meeting, December 15-19 CLASIC Workshop, March 26-27 Data Sets Deployment Resources Measurement Platforms PNNL WRF-CuP Forecast Cloud Physics Lidar MODIS Airborne Simulator Data Mesonet Monitoring ARM Data Plots Experiment Planning CLASIC Proposal Abstract Science Questions Science and Implementation Plan (pdf) Measurement Platforms (pdf) CLASIC-Land
Science Questions Related Links ISDAC Home AAF Home AVP Aircraft Instrumentation, October 14-16, 2008 ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Post-Campaign Data Sets Flight Summary Table (PDF, 440K) ISDAC Wiki Mission Summary Journal Deployment Resources NSA Site ARM Data Plots Quick Links Experiment Planning ISDAC Proposal Abstract Full Proposal (pdf, 1,735K) Science Questions Science Overview Document for ISDAC (pdf, 525K) ISDAC Flight Planning Document (PDF, 216K) Collaborations Logistics Measurements
Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on solar renewable energy.
Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions 1. Does the State of Idaho have a Freedom of Information Act? Yes, it is called the "Public Records - Right to Examine", Idaho State Code 9-338. Please contact the appropriate state agency directly for the records you want. 2. Can I get a fee waiver for my requested document? DOE may determine to waive or reduce fees in cases where furnishing the information primarily benefits the general public by significantly assisting citizens
Piet, S.J.; Dixon, B.W.; Bennett, R.G.; Smith, J.D.; Hill, R.N.
Given the range of fuel cycle goals and criteria, and the wide range of fuel cycle options, how can the set of options eventually be narrowed in a transparent and justifiable fashion? It is impractical to develop all options. We suggest an approach that starts by considering a range of goals for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) and then posits seven questions, such as whether Cs and Sr isotopes should be separated from spent fuel and, if so, what should be done with them. For each question, we consider which of the goals may be relevant to eventually providing answers. The AFCI program has both ''outcome'' and ''process'' goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geologic repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are rea diness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties.
This is a text version of the Manufacturing Demonstration Facilities (MDF) overview video, originally presented on March 12, 2012 at the MDF Workshop held in Chicago, Illinois.
How strong is the strong force? You Wrote: How strong is the strong force? I bet you think you asked a simple question. The simple answer is that the strength depends on the range over which it is acting. At short distances the strong force is weak and at long distances it is strong. That is completely different from the other three forces and arises because the forces transmitters, called gluons, are massless and carry strong force charge. I hope that you are still interested in the more
Responses: Question 1: Would the Government consider accepting either CMMI-DEV or CMMI-SVC Level 3 or higher since there is majority of process areas are shared between the two constellations and repeatability of processes will not be reduced since both will require Level 3 or higher? Government Response: The Government has determined that CMMI-SVC is a relatively new methodology and is in agreement that there is a considerable overlap of process areas shared between the two constellations. The
Order No. 202-05-02 | Department of Energy Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 Docket No. EO-05-01, Order No. 202-05-02: Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 (12.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Comments
your question. Sincerely, Judy Jackson, Fermilab Office of Public Affairs Hugh Montgomery, Fermilab D0 Experiment Back to Questions About Physics Main Page last modified 1...
Questions Where do we meet the first day? We will meet at the Los Alamos Research Park (4200 Casa Grande Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544) Suite 300 at 8:00 on the first day. What is the dress code? Students dress casually at LANL, particularly during the summer. Shorts and T-shirts are fine, but business attire is suggested when giving presentations. When working in the labs, expect to wear closed-toe shoes (no flip-flops). It is not O.K. to go bare foot while on site at the summer school. What will
3 Department of Energy Pt. 835 H. UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTIONS 1. The USQ process is an important tool to evaluate whether changes affect the safety basis. A contractor must use the USQ proc- ess to ensure that the safety basis for a DOE nuclear facility is not undermined by changes in the facility, the work performed, the associated hazards, or other factors that support the adequacy of the safety basis. 2. The USQ process permits a contractor to make physical and procedural changes to a nuclear
8, 2014 CBFO Manager's weekly update to local residents Read Carlsbad Field Office Manager Joe Franco's letter to Eddy and Lea County residents for the week of April 14: at http://1.usa.gov/1mkxm7b Town Hall Questions Answered Q. What is the condition of Panel 7 right now? A. Work teams entering the underground facility as part of ongoing Phase 3 activities are still working to determine the full condition of Panel 7. Initial entries indicate good roof conditions. Q. What's the presumed reason
Carrigg, J.A.; Crespo, J.R.; Croom, J.H.; Davis, E.B. Jr.; Green, R.C. Jr.; Hale, R.W.; Howard, J.J.; McCormick, W.T. Jr.; Page, T.A.; Ryan, W.F.; Schrader, T.F.; Schuchart, J.A.; Smith, J.F.; Stys, R.D.
This article is a collection of responses from natural gas distribution company representatives to questions on what they believe is the most important problem facing local distribution companies today and how are they positioning their companies to respond to the problem. Topics include remaining competitive in a changing market and business environment, proper pricing of services, procurement and marketing of natural gas, avoiding gas shortages from deliverability problems, coordination with state regulators on relevant issues such as cost recovery and rate structures, diversification of natural gas sources, regulation, service to customers, bypassing of local utilities, unbundling of rates and services at the pipeline level, and nonutility electric generators.
The following are frequently asked questions about working with in partnership with DOE laboratories.
questions for operating facilities and on-going programs (1) What major scientific accomplishments and discoveries have occurred in your research area or at your facility since the...
Centripedal Forces Plus Relativity You wrote: Hello, I'm not sure if this address is the right one to write to asking a physics question. But I saw a list of questions and answers at the page with this address. Therefore, I would be very grateful if you could forward this question to someone who answers it. Question: I have some problems understanding centripetal and centrifugal force. As I see it, these are a result of a type of acceleration. I'm quite sure, in space these forces also
How many neutrons? Dear Mrs. Pordes, Hello. My name is Andrew Schmidt. I am writing to you concerning a question I have. I am in your daughters science class and it would be greatly appreciated if you could help me. My question is: What happens when you vary he number of neutrons in an element? Any assistence you could give me to help answer this question would be great. Thanks. andrew s. Dear Mr. Schmidt, The simple answer to your question is to say that you make "isotopes" of the
McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.
Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.
The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Groundwater - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size How did contamination get into the groundwater beneath the Hanford Site? What has caused the level of contamination to decrease over the years? What is the 2015 vision for Hanford? What is the goal of the water treatment systems and facilities? What is being done to treat groundwater to remove contamination? Is contaminated groundwater
Rotation of Black Holes Hello Alyssa -- The questions you sent to Fermilab about physics didn't get lost, they just got routed to a couple of lazy postdocs. That's why it took so long to get back to you. Anyway, we thought that these were such good questions that _two_ of us decided to take a crack at answering them! Below are your questions and answers from me and from my colleague Andrew Sornborger. You'll notice that sometimes we say almost exactly the same thing, and sometimes we give
Electro-magnet Dear Sir, I have been set a physics assignment and I need to find out why the current effects the strength of an electro-magnet. If you know the answer I would really appreciate it if you could send it to me. That would be awesome. Thanks Luke Luke - Hello. I am a scientist here at Fermilab and your question got forwarded to me. In some sense it is a question with an easy answer, but like most science, you can keep probing the answer until you reach a question that can't be
Light from a fast car I hope you have the time to answer this question. It's been an on-going dispute between my friends and [me]. Theorhetical Question: If a vehicle was traveling at the speed of light and a light source was emitted from the vehicle would there be a visible beam of light? Please help me. Thanks. "Opinions expressed are mine and not those of Rohm and Haas Company" The most likely reason for the dispute is that the question is not especially well-posed. By
Question on Red Shift Dear Fermilab: I have a question, but first, thank you for the terrific new web site. You did a fantastic job. Question: Where does present theory say the energy of a red shifted photon goes? The idea that universal expansion is responsible for the red shift of intergalactic light would seem correct if light were a continuous wave. However, since a photon is a quantum of energy, and since the entire photon is presumably captured, the photon should still have the same amount
Whitney, Paul D; Willse, Alan R; Lopresti, Charles A; White, Amanda M
Text analysis methods, text analysis apparatuses, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis method includes accessing information indicative of data content of a collection of text comprising a plurality of different topics, using a computing device, analyzing the information indicative of the data content, and using results of the analysis, identifying a presence of a new topic in the collection of text.
DE-SOL-0005982 175. Question: Attachment 1, Performance Work Statement: For UGTA drilling activities, there is no mention of whether the contractor of or the M&O...
Radiation from particle annihilation How much energy is created when the particle-antiparticle annihilate? Does it release a large amount of radiation? If so, about how many rads? Heather Dear Heather, I am Don Cossairt, a physicist, and I am also the Associate Head for Radiation Protection in Fermilab's Environment, Safety, and Health Section. The Fermilab Public Affairs Office forwarded to me your question about particle-antiparticle annihilation that I am happy to try to answer your question
Software Programming in Particle Detectors Question: Is it possible to use software programing in particle detectors to develop a program that can interpert data of passive radar? Answer: Thanks for sending your question. The answer greatly depends on the type of data the radar is creating and the signal you are looking for. The particle physics software is used to identify tracks of particles, that is, the imaginary lines that particles leave behind inside a set of detectors. Similar to bullets
Turner, Alan E; Hetzler, Elizabeth G; Nakamura, Grant C
Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis device includes processing circuitry configured to analyze initial text to generate a measurement basis usable in analysis of subsequent text, wherein the measurement basis comprises a plurality of measurement features from the initial text, a plurality of dimension anchors from the initial text and a plurality of associations of the measurement features with the dimension anchors, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to access a viewpoint indicative of a perspective of interest of a user with respect to the analysis of the subsequent text, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to use the viewpoint to generate the measurement basis.
MOU Frequently Asked Questions Coming Soon Return to FAQ's
Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Below are sample questions used at the regional competitions in previous years. Please note: as fields of science advance, the answers to ...
Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) Process Rev . 0 USQ Determination Worksheet "'-'-, Los Alamos * ... .. t .:. , :; - .. .. . 1 UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTION DETERMINATION ...
Below is the text version for the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Industrial Efficiency and Energy Productivity Video.
Antihydrogen Sir, My name is Josh Epstein. I am a high School Student at Paola High School in Kansas. I was viewing your page on Antihydrogen and I had a few questions. If you are not qualified to answer these questions, please refer this E-Mail to one wyho can. What is the next logical step in the development of antihydrogen as a power source. Would the same relative makeup of a compound have to be duplicated in the "antii-sense" to make it susceptible to m/am annihalation? I.E. To
Question on Antimatter I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota at Duluth. I am doing a research paper on the need to increase alternative/new energy R&D funding. I would appreciate it if you could answer a couple of questions for me. Steven, My name is Glenn Blanford. In addition to working with Fermilab's Public Affairs Office, I am a researcher on the Antihydrogen Production experiment, E862, a small group (8) who have started to observe antihydrogen atoms (at
You Wrote: Hi my question is what is the number of atoms in the world and why don't scientist agree on one number for them. Thank you. Hi, the answer to your question by its very nature can not be terribly accurate. However, when I pull down my copy of a college physics book, I find that it lists the mass of the earth as (6 x 10^24 kg). The mass of a proton or neutron is (1.67 x 10^-27 kg). Consequently, you can say to mediocre accuracy that the number of protons or neutrons in the earth is
Question: From smaller than atoms to larger than galaxies structures spin and in doing so the centrifugal force throws things outward. Might not the Universe as a whole be spinning on an axis and what we currently ascribe to a mysterious repulsive force be a centrifugal force throwing things outward? Thrown out rather than pushed or drawn? Dan Answer: Hi Dan, You ask an interesting question and I know the straight forward answer which is: If the universe was rotating, it would be rotating about
Centripetal or Centrifugal Force? You Wrote: A recent debate ended in a total draw. It was concverning centrifugal force, or its lack there of. Both sides of the argument stand for and against this common rule of physics. Centripital force was the only force affecting rotating objects, one litigator announced. My question for you is, is there such a thing as centrifugal force, or has it proven to be non-existent? Thank You very much A mediating Scientist Hi, thanks for your question, you are
Color of Atoms Mr. Pordes- I have a question for science. As you probably know, we have been studying all about particles and the particle model of matter and John Dalton and everything like that. My question is though, are all atoms the same color? And if so, or even if not, how do you know?! Since they are so small, how can you see what color they are. Or do you not know? Thank you so much for your time! If you could write back with an answer, I would appreciate it! Thanks! Sincerely, Kelly
Movement of the Electron Around the Nucleus Question: It is very enlightening to read your research and very delightfull to explore our world. Why does the electron have to move around the Nucleus? Why does it not loose energy moving around it? If you say that they move in fixed energy orbits why the electron still have to rotate? Lastly what decides the energy orbits? Thanks so much. -Arvind Answer: Dear Arvind, You raise some really good questions: Why does the electron have to move around the
Which Atoms Can Give Electrons to Other Atoms? Dear Miss Alonso, This is a very good question, and the answer is rather complex. The first question is "how do scientists know which atoms can give electrons to other atoms?" We know from experiments on substances and from basic scientific calculations on the structure of an atom. If you have a sample of sodium and a sample of chlorine, you can measure how easily these substances combine. In this case, the combine very easily and release
Question about Radioactive Decay Dear Webmaster, What is the actual 'event' that causes an unstable isotope (Ex: C(14)) to decay? I know that a neutron splits into an electron and a proton during radioactive decay, but what causes this to happen? Is it a roll of the dice, or some nuclear force gone astray? Thanks for your help! Dave Morris Dear Dave, The answer to both your questions is YES ! Sort of. The decay is random, but the probability of it taking place depends on the nuclear force (but
Is gravity a particle or a wave? You Wrote: Is gravity a particle or a wave? Is the concept of gravity the same as the subatomic Graviton? Can it be a particle or a wave? Or both? Thanks, T.K. Dear T.K., Your questions struck right at the center of one of the hottest and most challenging research topics in physics. So far, physicists don't know the full answers to all your questions. Although gravity is well understood at the macroscopic (every-day-life) scale, scientists are far from
Stretched By a Black Hole? You Wrote: Thank you for a very satisfactory answer to a question I asked at the end of January. I have another question. Is there a way to figure out the rate of change of acceleration, a, as one moves away from a body? At the surface of Earth a is approximately equal to 9.8 m/s2, what would a be at .5 au or any other distance to any other bodies of different masses? I am a retired person, non university type, with a keen interest in science, particularly in the
boson Elisabeth, You asked: Could you help me with the following question. Is there any evidense for the existence of the Higgs bosson or Higgs field? According to the New Scientist magazine Cerns LEP should have had enough energy to create the Higgs particles but it was not detected. Thankyou very much Elisabeth Hi Elisabeth, You asked a good question. Yes, over the last ten years the evidence for the Higgs boson (or something like it) has been mounting. The many kinds of measurements we make
Motion in the Universe Question: I am interested in the concept of absolute 'still' vs. all the speed references we have. I have been attempting to calculate the speed at which an individual is traveling through the universe when standing 'still'. i.e., the rotation speed of the earth, the speed of the orbit of the earth around the sun, the solar system withing our galaxy, the galaxy...etc. The odd question that struck me was that given all the relativity applications and explainations, is there
Negative pressure in the universe Dear Mr. Miller, I am in the theoretical astrophysics group at Fermilab. You recently sent a question to Glenn Blanford about negative pressure in the universe. Here is an attempt at an answer: I recently read the article in Fermi News entitled Depatment of (Missing) Energy ( see FermiNews98-05-15.pdf). In the article a property called "negative presure" was discused. My question is: Is this negative pressure the result of a particle that would be the
Using an accelerator to create a new element Hello, My name is Andrew and I was wondering if this is the right email forum for my question. I am only 11 so my question is as follows: I am thinking of creating a new element and I need a particle accelerator to do it, so I was wondering if I could use yours. I also have some others ideas. Please contact me A.S.A.P. Thank you for reading this e-mail. Sincerely, Andrew Dear Andrew, Thank you for your email. I'm glad to hear from a young person who
Potential Barriers Hi. Is it possible to experimentally prove my following question AND my following analogous question? Does a particle really go through a wall or through a potential barrier, or is it possible that a) a particle hits the wall, and the energy is transferred (just like those balls on the double strings that tranfer energy to the last ball) until the other side of the wall emits it's own electron? Perhaps the tranfer of energy has identical velocity as the particle, or b) that
Radiation Direction Hello, What is the direction of radiation emitted from an atom ? Thanks, Bob Patton Bob, Your question has always been an area of research whenever new processes are found and is a very valid one. The answer depends on the specific process in question. For one thing, a coordinate system must be chosen. If the atom is moving, then you, might use the momentum vector of the atom as the direction of reference. Usually with atoms though, the problem is solved in the rest frame. If
Resonances Dear J. Oldendick, Your questions were forwarded to me. I hope you find these answers helpful. You were right that the answers to the questions about resonances and atomic levels are related, and that the uncertainty principle is involved. Let me get back to them. First you ask, "Why is the cross section for compound nucleus formation not zero between resonances?" In case you are asking this because you've seen a plot of nuclear cross sections, let me point out that the
Hello, I am so happy to visited your site It was full of answers to my questions!! So, I have a question about thermal Energy...We have some kind of energy in the world. electric energy, electromagnetic energy, gravity energy and thermal energy and we know that other energies are combination of these energies. So, we can suppose these energies depended on a fields.for example electric energy is created by electric field and we can divergence from this field becouse it is vector field but for
Vacuum You wrote: I'm Stephen and I moderate a theoretical physics forum at physicsforums.com. Is it possible to increase the probability that virtual particles will appear in a vacuum? I was posed this question from a member and i do not have a definite answer in my reference materials. I would greatly appreciate any response as to how/why if the question has a yes answer. Thank you for your time. Regards, Stephen J Hall, Theoretical Physics moderator PS. if you are ever browsing the net and
Turner, Alan E; Hetzler, Elizabeth G; Nakamura, Grant C
Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis device includes a display configured to depict visible images, and processing circuitry coupled with the display and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to access a first vector of a text item and which comprises a plurality of components, to access a second vector of the text item and which comprises a plurality of components, to weight the components of the first vector providing a plurality of weighted values, to weight the components of the second vector providing a plurality of weighted values, and to combine the weighted values of the first vector with the weighted values of the second vector to provide a third vector.
The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Future - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What possibilities do you see for future uses of the Hanford Site? What potential uses do the community surrounding Hanford envision for areas of land on the site? Why is land on the Hanford Site important to the local tribes? How much of the site is potentially available for future uses? What were some of the potential uses mentioned in the
Overview - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What word did you use to describe Hanford before you watched the movie? After? Why is Hanford cleanup important to the local tribes? What role did Hanford play in the Manhattan Project? Why was Hanford selected for this? Why is Hanford considered a "city within its own right?" Why is B Reactor an important part of world history? Why did plutonium production continue
PFP - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Why did Hanford produce so much plutonium? How hazardous is the Plutonium Finishing Plant in comparison to other facilities on the Hanford Site? What was the other name for the Plutonium Finishing Plant? Why was security and secrecy required for the plant and its product - plutonium? When did the last of the last shipment of plutonium leave the plant? What is the main focus of work
The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Recovery Act - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What did the Department of Energy and its contractors do with nearly $2 billion in stimulus funding? Why was the Department able to put the funding to use quickly? How many jobs were created by stimulus funding received at the Hanford Site? How much of the cleanup footprint of Hanford is left after projects funded by the Recovery Act were
Empty Universe You wrote: Madam/sir, Is it true that a completely empty universe, without any object, without any particle, a mere void, would be twodimensional? Jod Dear Jod, According to Einstein's general relativity, a completely empty universe could have any number of spatial dimensions. String theory would say that an empty universe should have 10 spatial dimensions. I hope this is helpful. Fermilab Physicist Back to Questions About Physics Main Page last modified 11/15
The Impact of the Accelerator on the Environment Question: Some cubic thermodynamical equations of state predict negative pressures, have negative pressures any physical meaning? Could they be related to negative mass? Silvia, Mexico Answer: Dear Silvia, The short answer is that a system with negative pressure must be unstable, and thus, there are no thermodynamic states of a system with negative pressure. The reason for this is simple: The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all
You wrote: What are the products from an encounter between a neutrino and an anti-neutrino? Dear Mr. Moore: The question of a neutrino and anti-neutrino encounter is interesting. First of all, the strength of the neutrino interaction is very weak, even neutrino interactions with protons or neutrons are very rare but we do measure them in experiments at Fermilab. The probability of a neutrino - antineutrino interaction is so small that it has never been directly observed. Such interactions to
Question: Do you think it is possible that the velocity of an object in space determines the force of the vacuum it travels through? - Donald E. Sterling Answer: Dear Mr. Sterling, The faster a particle travels through vacuum, the more likely it is that the particle will interact with virtual particles contained in the vacuum. (At a quantum level, a vacuum is far from being empty.) Based on this quantum phenomena, scientists have predicted a maximum energy with which particles can travel long
What are the virtual particles? You Wrote: What are the virtual particles? What does it mean - "virtual"? Sincerely, Anthony Petrov. Hi, you ask another very good question. "Virtual particles" are real -- they exist in that they can be detected and can interact. But they are fleeting -- they are soon gone with no trace of their existence. This phenomenon is related to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle of quantum physics. Uncertainty in time multiplied by uncertainty in
Multifamily Weatherization Frequently Asked Questions 1. How do Grantees define a multifamily building? It depends. There is not one all-encompassing definition for multifamily buildings and how they are addressed within WAP. There are nuances related to multifamily eligibility, multifamily auditing, and multifamily reporting that each carry their own definitions. Eligibility: In order to be eligible for WAP funding, one of the following must be true: o At least 50% of the residential units
NOTE: The Questions on this site were compiled from questions asked during the four DOE complex wide tele-videos, as well as, questions submitted by e-mail and telephone. The answers provided are...
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This set of review questions was pulled from a number of EERE evaluations by the PEER Review Task Force and organized to show how questions for assessing a program differ from questions for assessing projects that make up that program.
Contributor 17 September, 2013 - 12:39 Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information about your comfort level at your indoor location? building...
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Welcome to the Frequently Asked Questions page. We hope that your questions are easily answered in this section. If not, please contact us. Non-Disclosure Agreements Partnering Mechanisms: CRADA/SPP/TSA MOU - Coming Soon MTA - Coming Soon Invention Disclosure and Patents Scientific and Technical Information Publications Office of Research Opportunities - Coming Soon Detailed Questions If you have a detailed question(s) that our FAQs do not answer, please contact
Questions & Answers: SWRCB State NPDES Permit Information, current through August 14, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation NPDES Questions &...
Policy Questions on Energy Storage Technologies Policy Questions on Energy Storage Technologies Memorandum from the Electricity Advisory Committee to Secretary Chu and Assistant ...
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Impact of the Accelerator on the Environment Question: How many studies have been done to figure out what escapes from the accelerators into the environment and how much of it escapes? I heard from a tour guide that there was no environmental impact, but I don't believe it. How can something dealing with so much energy and traveling so fast not have some of that energy escape into the environment? Have you done research on things like insect life, water life and plant growth in the areas near
Power of the Tevatron Question: How powerful is Fermilab's accelerator in volts, amperes and watts? Aaron Nelson Answer: Dear Aaron, Fermilab's most powerful accelerator, the Tevatron, accelerates protons to an energy of 1,000 gigaelectronvolts(1,000 GeV), or 1,000 billion electronvolts. This energy corresponds to each proton traversing a voltage of 1,000 billion volts. In practical terms, the protons achieve this energy by traveling in a circle and passing an electric field 47,000 times per
Ana Kata Dimension You Wrote: One day I was sitting in my living room, reading a book on physics, an idea occurred to me. (This idea probably may be unscientific and unreasonable, but read the rest of this letter anyway.) This is, specifically, a question about dimensional physics (that's probably not the real term for this branch of physics). From now-on, I will refer to the ana/kata dimension (the fourth spatial) dimension as the fourth dimension rather than the fifth dimension, even though
Big Bang & Bosons Glenn, I guess what I want to ask you is a stupid question. But since I am a lay person with a lot of curiousity let me be bold enough to ask it. I understand the the standard particle theory says that large masses indicated by boson masses can only be created by lots power in accelerators. That is why the supercollider would have been great. But how does this relate if the Big Bang theory is correct? What does the current trend in elementary particle physics have to do to
Blackholes Dear Juan, You asked: according to scientists,inside a black hole's event horizon nothing is able to come out, even light. also it is believed that gravity is produced by gravitrons, just like the strong force is produced by gluons,right?ok here is my question.If the gravitrons act like the gluons,how do they come out of the event horizon to atrract bodies floating outside the black hole's event horizon. or do they atract bodies just by circling at the edge of the event horizon Juan
Hello, At least some contemporary big bang theories begin with the entire universe packed into a very small, atom sized volume. Since black hole densities can be achieved by compressing the earth to the size of a marble; it seems that the early universe would have been dense enough to be a black hole and would have never expanded. Are the theories of the big bang and black holes at odds? Thanks, Doug McAllister Tulsa Hello Doug, That is a very good question. The big bang theory and the existence
Bosons and Antiparticles You asked: hi, i am an undergraduate student. I have a question on anti-particle. Is there negative energy state for the boson in the relativistic quantum mechanic? Then how the anti-particle of bosons can be understood with the comparision to the existance of the positron by the Dirac's negative sea (since boson do not obey the exclusion principle)? Thank You for your help There is no negative energy state for the bosons. The bosons do not have anti-particles! In fact
Cosmic rays You asked: Hi, I had just a couple of questions 1) What are cosmic rays made of? If it is not known, what do the early reports say on the compostition of cosmic rays? 2)Will this add/ refine/ or refute the Standard Model? Thanks Goonjan Shah Goonjan: The composition of cosmic rays appears to change with energy. At energies of about 10**18 eV and higher the composition begins to become lighter. That is, the composition changes from heavier nuclei (up to iron) to light nuclei, mostly
How does an electron on a 2p orbital cross the node of nucleus? To Fermilab, I have a question that needs answering for my chemistry class. In an atom, how does an electron on a 2p (bell shaped) orbital cross the node of the nucleus (a region of zero probability)? Does it have something to do with the wave properties of an electron? I cannot find the answer on the internet or in my chemistry book. Thank you very much. Danny Hi Danny, It does have something to do with the wave properties of the
Early Universe Question Greetings Well, you most likely receive a billion messages a day from nuts like me, but here's another one for you. Before the big bang, when there was just random endergy fluctuations in this empty void. At this point, before the particle that blew up, is it possible that there could have been one dimension raining supreme, a dimension which, when seperated, become the four distinct dimensions we now live in? What I'm trying to say is, when the universe was formed,
Electric Fields You asked: I have a question about electric fields. I have seen in many texbooks that show that for a negative charge, the electric field goes into itself or inwards, and it shows arrows that go into the core of the negative charge. And for the positive charge, the field goes outwards and has arrows that go outwards. But this doesn't explain how the two charges attract. Who is doing the attracting. You could say, that the positive charge is moving towards the negative charge
You Wrote: What is in the area between sub atomic particles? Does this area when accelerated give off more light or does it get darker? If you were to accelerate a flashlight would the electron flow through the filament slow down? Can we determine how fast something is traveling by the amount of light it releases? How does acceleration produce light? Thank You Tom Dear Tom, Wow, that's an interesting set of questions on the topic of "light emitted by particles." I tried to reorder your
Particle vs. Wave, etc. You Wrote: Thank you for writing back. Please try to answer as many questions as you can. Thanks:) Are quarks particles are waves? What about photons, I have heard from a friend experiments conducted proved it both a particle and a wave? Do quarks have spin? How can you tell? What in an atom is waves? Do protons spin in the same direction as electrons? When you say color do you really mean as you can see a color on a quark or is it just a simplified method of combining?
What is in the future for physics? You wrote: We are constantly preoccupied with the next steps in our sciences. I would be interested to know, in your opinion, what the next fifteen steps are likely to be in physics in the 21st Century. With thanks for your time Stephanie G. Dear Stephanie: Your question regarding the far distant goals/discoveries of physics is obviously very difficult to answer. In particular, physics is such a vast field that it is already difficult for me to do justice to
Graviton Question I am a sophomore in high school writing a reaserch paper for my honors chemistry class. While gathering information from the local libraries one book mentioned a theoretical boson called a graviton that would be responsible for the force of gravity. Could such a particle exist or is there any evidence that it might exist? If so, are there any efforts under way to try to discover it? I haven't been able to find very much information about this subject, or maybe im just looking
High Frequency Beams Hi, I'm a physics student and I love the work you are doing at Fermilab. I've been watching closely your progress and I believe some of the best mind are working there. My question is about high frequency beams. I'd like to know what are the highest frequencies (in Hz) you have been using at Fermilab and in what kind of research. What is the theoretical limit for frequencies and how far are we from it? I'd really apreciate your answer. Thank you very much. Best regards,
Photons and the Higgs field You asked: If all particles except photons and gluons acquire "mass" by theoretically interacting with the Higgs field and mass is felt by the gravitation field. Then why do photons curve around large bodies and can not leave a black hole? Don Dear Don: It is true that photons and gluons are massless, and that to the best of our theoretical knowledge, the other particles acquire mass by interacting with the Higgs field. But to answer your question, we need
Home made particle detector Question: Would it be possible for me to build a small particle detector at home? I would like to observe some of the cosmic ray particles that hit earth. Tom Dear Tom: Yes, absolutely. All you need is a container with vapor, and charged particles zipping through will leave a trail similar to the trails left by air planes in the sky. This type of detector is called a cloud chamber. Instead of writing down all the details, I refer you to a Scientific American website.
How do you make protons and antiprotons? You Wrote: In my physical science class we watched a video about how they make quarks. Our teacher told us that for extra credit we could write to you and fund the answer to these two questions: 1. How do they make the protons and antiprotons that are used in quarks? 2. How do they make the electron scanning needle? If you could e-mail me back as soon as possible with the answers I would greatly appreciate it. This extra credit could help my grade a lot.
You Wrote: I'm doing a paper on quarks and I'm investigating the discovery of top quark. I have a question on the matter. When you talk about of "jets" of particles, what are you meaning? Lots of particles? Probably is an idiomatic problem because english it is not my mother tongue. Thank you. Alejandro Nieto González ETSIT- Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Spain. Hi Alejandro, When two particles for example a proton and an antiproton collide at high energies many particles are
Proof of Kepler's law? You Wrote: I have this homework question, my physics teacher said that you can prove Kepler's second law with one quantity of measurement. He hinted us with Mass and that is all he gave....Can you help me on what measurement it is that I need to prove Kepler's second law. thanx a million mark Mark, Greetings, Kepler's second law is that a planet travelling in an elliptical orbit around the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times. This is basically a statement of
You Wrote: Hi...my name is Amy. I'm a high school student in Indonesia. I want to know whether lightning could be an electricity power source, such as water electricity, nuclear electricity, etc. Please reply to my Email because I am doing a paper about lightning electricity. Thank You. Amy, Thank you for your question on lightning electricity. The answer below is from one of Fermilab's utility experts and may be more information than you need for your report. The challenge with electricity in
You asked: Why is the top quark so massive? Dear High School Senior: Well, that actually is a question that all physicists would like to be able to answer. The top quark is as heavy as a gold atom--yet it is an elementary particle that, to our present knowledge, cannot be split into subunits. (Be aware that until about 100 years ago, scientists didn't think they could split atoms into smaller subunits.) How does the top quark gets its mass? Like all other particles, the top quark receives its
The particle model of matter You Wrote: I am a junior high student that has ben assigned to ask the people at Fermi Lab these questions. I would be grateful if you or someone else could send me some reply info. Thank you. 1. do you think the particle model of matter is true? Why? 2. If all matter is made up of particles, then what are particles made up of? Hi Madeline, My name is Andrew Green and I am one of the experimenters at Fermilab. I am actually a graduate student here. I am pleased to
Why can radio waves pass through a wall but light cannot? Hello, My name is Mike P. and this is my question. If radio & light waves are both properties of the electromagnetic spectrum then why can radio waves pass through walls but light cannot? Thank You Hello Mike P., PART 1. Let me first make sure the terminology we use is right. The words "electromagnetic spectrum" are used to name a group of waves. Not any kind of waves, ( not acoustic, not mechanical waves) but
Particles from Batavia to Soudan Tom, You asked: I have been reading various pages on the Fermi website and I'm unclear how the particles to be tested get from Batavia to Soudan. Is there a physical connection like a pipeline or is this something that just happens through the earth? Sorry for what's probably a very basic question but I couldn't quite understand that point. Are there articles that explain how this happens? Thanks! Tom Hi Tom, I am a physicist working on the NuMI/MINOS project
Particle Mass Measurement I don't know weather you can help me but one thing that i have been interested in for the past several years is how the mass of a particle so small can be measured and i was hopeing you might be able to help me. thank you, jeff kirkwood Dear Jeff, A very interesting question. Obviously, we can't just put a subatomic particle on a balance and weigh it. Actually R.A.Millikan did an experiment early in the century where the electric charge to mass ratio of an electron was
Getting particles for the accelerator Hi I am 11 and my name is Joshua Pevitz. When I grow up I want to work at Fermilab. I was wondering if you could explain to me about how you let only one atom in the accelerator, if everything is made out of atoms? Your admirer, Joshua Pevitz Dear Joshua, Thanks for your interesting question! Let me give you the simple answer first, and then I will explain. We do not let only one atom at a time into the accelerator. Instead we have more than 10 trillion
Particles and Their Properties Question: I was hoping that you could help me learn how to figure out the number of protons, the number of neutrons, and the number of electrons of a particular atom. For example, oxygen is 8 O 16, I'm not sure how to figure this out. Thanks in advance for your assistance. - D Answer: Dear D: The key properties of an atom (like oxygen) are described by the Atomic Number (which is 8 for Oxygen) and the total number of nucleons (which is 16 for Oxygen). The atomic
Question: I just wish someone could explain it to me (talking vveerryyy ssllloooowwwlllyyly) so that I can have at least a clue why atoms appear to be little perpetual motion machines that are somehow unaffected by gravity, friction etc. and just keep on going and going (like that bunny). Don't other moving things in this world quickly come to a stop when force is no longer externally applied. Doesn't there HAVE to be an external force or some sort that's being applied (more or less evenly) to
How do you define momentum for a photon with no mass? What is symmetry? You asked: Photons are said to have no mass but how is that. The momentum equation is m=velocity*mass so therefore the photon would have no momentum and therefore could not repel the two negatively charged electrons. Was my information right? -What exactly is symmetry laws and gauge symmetry? Dear David: Thank you for your questions. No. The equation momentum=velocity*mass only applies for massive particles. For massless
Speculations on getting an Instant Cold Drink You wrote: I remember a few years ago reading about a new idea of making it possible for that when you open a can of pop that it will instantly turn cold. For some reason I remember them as saying that it will be out in a few years. I was wondering if you knew how they could do this and as to if it is true and if so, when it will come out - tim Tim, How to create an instant cold drink an interesting question. There are probably engineers in the
Pure Antineutron Beams Hello, I am a physics student in Germany. I haven't had particle physics yet, so I'd be glad if you answered me one question: How do you create more or less pure anti-neutron beams in your accelerator?? I'm sure it's possible somehow but I just don't know the way to relize that. The "options" I got to know by now: collision of anti-protons with carbon nuclei can result in anti-neutrons decay of lambda-particles (how would you create them?) I guess the main
You asked: What happens if you take 2 quantum entangled particles, and untangle them and put one of these particles in a blackhole? The other should demonstrate what is going on inside a blackhole; according to Einstien's "spooky action at a distance", right? Wouldn't this violate the principle that no light, or information, escapes a blackhole? Dear Stew, This is an interesting question; it sounds like a variation of the original Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen "paradox". I'm far
Isolating quarks Ben, You asked: my name is ben thompson and i am student teaching at downers grove north high school. we are doing a unit in electromagnetism and somehow came upon the concept of the quark. i did some web research only to find out a tiny bit about quarks and leptons. the question that one of my students stumped me with was whether or not the scientists at fermi lab have isolated any quarks yet. i do not know, and we have decided to allow you (the knowledgeable) to help us out.
Length of Particle Accelerators I have six questions. 1. How long is a particle accelerator? 2. Is it true that there are weapons 40 times stronger than the fatman and little boy atomic bombs used in World War II? 3. What does E=mc2 mean? 4. Does electricity in general move at the speed of light? How was fusion discovered? 5. Is it true that the sun is a ball of hydrogen that is in a fusion chain reaction? 6. How can you become a scientific worker at Fermilab? Dear Mr. Bond, I am glad you are
Question About Splitting Molecules "Can you use particle accelerators to break up molecules into their elements?" The short answer is yes. The long answer is more complicated. You can think of molecules as wads of warm taffy with marbles in it (where the marbles are the atoms, and the warm taffy is what keeps them together). If you look at a marble (atom), you find that it has BB's inside, but they're held together with cold taffy (meaning they are held more firmly). If you continue to
Density of the Universe Dear Quincy, Thanks for your great questions on the future of the Universe. They made me think a bit. It turns out that I am an experimental physicist at Fermilab who is presently involved with an experiment to detect the dark matter, which you also asked about. You asked: It is known that if the universe's average density is less than a critical value, it will expand forever. If the density is higher than it, the expansion will stop at sometime and the universe will
Virtual Photon Question Brian, X-URL: http://www.fnal.gov/pub/hep_descript.html Dear Fermilab (or to whom this may be going to), Hi. I am 14 years old and I happen to be reading a physics book when I came across something called Virtual Photons and the uncertianty principle. The book does not explain what Virtual Photons are to well, and all I know about Photons is that they could be a wave or matter. If you could help me about what Virtual Photons are and Photons, that would be a great help.
Charged Objects and Virtual Photons Hello, I am fascinated by the universe of physics, and I have a few questions. Actually, I was wondering about photons. I have come to understand that photons are the force carrying particles for the electromagnetic force. I also understand that they have no mass and can therefore travel at the speed of light. What I was wondering was this: When two electrons come near, why are real photons said to be emitted, but virtual photons are said to be the actual
Can an audio wave be combined with a radio wave? You Wrote: What is the wave called when you combine an audio wave with a radio wave? Bruce Dear Bruce, It is not quite clear to me what definitions you may use for your "audio wave" and "radio wave." So let me state how I interpret your question. Audio wave: I assume you refer to a sound wave, a wave that is being transmitted through the air at the speed of sound. This wave is being transmitted through gas/liquid/matter by the
Color of the Sky You asked: I was wondering what color the sky is? I know that it looks blue but what is it actually? Dear Nathalie, This is really an excellent question with a difficult answer. I had a long discussion with one of my colleagues about this topic. I'm still not sure how best to explain the science, but let me give it a try. First of all, think about all the things that can happen when light encounters an object. The light could be absorbed by the object. It might be reflected
12: Frequently Asked Questions Q1: If a Recipient's grant is closed out, do they have to continue to report? A1: Yes. As long as the funds remain in a Financing Program, they retain their federal character, and the Recipient must continue to report. Q2: A Recipient determines that there is no longer demand for their residential RLF for energy efficiency upgrades. The Recipient would like to repurpose the funds for an energy audit and lighting upgrade of City Hall. What are the responsibilities
Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar
The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we
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You Wrote: Hi, My name is Ian. I am a 12 year old student. I am in the 7th grade. My question is: If a one pound block of ice (-2 degrees C) is placed in an insulated closed room that was 2 feet by 2 feet by 4 feet, set at 5 degrees C, 1.) How long would it take to melt the ice ? 2.) How many Btu's would it take to melt the ice ? 3.) Would the room temperature drop or stay at 5 deg. C ? 4.) If electricity was used to cool the room to 5 deg. C and cost 11 cents per kWh, how much would it cost to
Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions This section is meant to cover the most common questions regarding the EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards. The Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are divided into several broad categories: general information, applications, eligibility, selection process, stipend and benefits, taxes, conditions and requirements, and travel. If you have questions about information not covered in this FAQ, please email: DOE-RPP@orau.org. General Information What
Frequently Asked Questions LED Frequently Asked Questions This document provides answers to LED frequently asked questions for plant-wide improvements, such as "Are LEDs ready for general lighting?" LED Frequently Asked Questions (May 2011) (344.41 KB) More Documents & Publications LED Frequently Asked Questions Lighting Designer Roundtable on Solid-State Lighting SSL R&D Multi-Year Program Plan
Comments/Questions To offer comments on the CMI website or to ask questions, please contact us: CMIdirector@ameslab.gov 515-296-4500 or use this web form for comments. Thanks!
The answers to these frequently asked questions will help applicants for the DuraMat Consortium call for proposals.
Questions and Answers Questions and Answers Questions and Answers (156.86 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE HR Guidebook 12_15_05.DOC� Operating Guidelines Appendix C D.DOC� Revised OMB Circular A-76 (Revised November 14, 2002)
Frequently Asked Questions DOE Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program SCGSR Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Information for Laboratory Scientists and Thesis Advisors Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home Frequently Asked Questions Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Table of Contents General Questions For Graduate Student Applicants Eligibility Application Selection Participation For Collaborating DOE Laboratory
(NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions U.S. Department of Energy / U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) User Frequently Asked Questions What is the History of NMMSS? What Are the Other Uses of NMMSS? NMMSS is sponsored by the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Materials Integration within the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Learn More Users Frequently
Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions August 30, 2010 - 4:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week as part of Vice President Biden's announcement of 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery act, we asked you to send us your questions and comments about the weatherization process. Today, we're following up with answers experts from the Department's Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: 1) From
Department of Energy Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements CRAD, Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) that can be used for assessment of a contractor's Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) process.. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to
Menu of initial questions for a program administrator to use in developing a real-time evaluation survey to collect qualitative data from program contractors.
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Explore » Favorite Science Questions Favorite Science Questions The Bradbury Science Museum's Favorite Questions and Answers How can we fix the ozone layer? You asked a very interesting question about ozone and how can we fix the ozone layer. It is true that lightning creates ozone. Any spark in air will do it. Ozone can also be created by certain forms of radiation. Ozone is a molecule of oxygen that consists of three atoms instead of the usual two. It has peculiar chemical properties, it is
Text Version Wind Webinar Text Version Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on wind renewable energy. PDF icon Text Version of the ...
The Better Plants Program hosted a webinar on January 22, 2015 to review accomplishments to date and detail new initiatives to save partners energy and water. Question and answer session is included. Download presentation slides.
Text Version Biomass Webinar Text Version Dowload the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on biomass. DOE Office of Indian Energy Foundational Course Webinar on Biomass: Text Version (153.94 KB) More Documents & Publications Biomass Webinar Presentation Slides Assessing Energy Resources Webinar Text Version Transcript: Biomass Clean Cities Webinar - Workforce Development
High School Sample Questions National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Regionals Middle School Regionals National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Sample Questions Print Text Size: A A
Middle School Sample Questions National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About Regional Competitions Rules, Forms, and Resources High School Regionals Middle School Regionals National Finals Volunteers Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions News Media Contact Us WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 E: Email Us Rules, Forms, and Resources Middle School Sample Questions Print Text Size:
H.D. Cochran, Questions for the Workshop Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Reports and Activities Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop H.D. Cochran, Questions for the Workshop Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Third DOE/Basic Energy Sciences Separations Research Workshop Savannah DeSoto Hilton, Savannah, Georgia May 12-14, 1999 Questions for the Workshop H.
Frequently Asked Questions User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 Frequently Asked Questions Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The Office of Science User Facilities are a unique resource for the Nation's
These frequently asked questions (FAQs) relate to the solar instructor training network. This project was launched by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP or...
Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers frequently asked questions (FAQs) about utility energy service contracts (UESCs), including term lengths, bonding, and a UESC within a utility's service territory.
Frequently Asked Questions General What is a demonstration project? What employees are affected by the pay-banding and pay-for-performance demonstration project? When was pay-banding ...
Steps five through eight will help you define the questions your evaluation should address, and develop the methods you'll use to conduct your evaluation (learn more about the other steps in...
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(February 2014) | Department of Energy - Frequently Asked Questions (February 2014) Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model - Frequently Asked Questions (February 2014) The Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (C2M2) program is intended to aid organizations of all types evaluate and make improvements to their cybersecurity programs. The model focuses on the implementation and management of cybersecurity practices associated with the information technology (IT) and operational technology
Meeting: Data/Communication Standards and Interoperability of Building Appliances, Equipment, and Systems Summary of Questions, Answers and Comments in the Discussion Periods Following Presentations Presentation: Introductions and purpose (Joe Hagerman) Question (Q): What is the difference between the April 30 public meeting and this non-public meeting? What is the end goal / end game / timeline? Answer (A): DOE is hosting a series of meetings to ensure we've done our due diligence before we
Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh Special Feature: Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh September 27, 2013 Sudip-wide.jpg Sudip Dosanjh Sudip Dosanjh is Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. NERSC's mission is to accelerate scientific discovery at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science through high performance computing and extreme data analysis. NERSC deploys leading-edge computational and data resources for
Doerry, Armin Walter
Pulsed Radar systems suffer range ambiguities, that is, echoes from pulses transmitted at different times arrive at the receiver simultaneously. Conventional mitigation techniques are not always adequate. However, pulse modulation schemes exist that allow separation of ambiguous ranges in Doppler space, allowing easy filtering of problematic ambiguous ranges.
A radio ranging device is described. It utilizes a super regenerative detector-oscillator in which echoes of transmitted pulses are received in proper phase to reduce noise energy at a selected range and also at multiples of the selected range.
contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to email@example.com
contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to firstname.lastname@example.org
Frequently Asked Questions Question - Where can I find who has signature authority for a specific project? Answer - The appropriate signature authority for purchase order requisitions and service work can be determined by using the Ames Laboratory Chart of Accounts. The current Chart of Accounts information can be found on the Moderate file server at Team\COA. * The current fiscal year files (COA.xls and COAintro.doc) are in the directory named COA * Prior fiscal year COA files are located in a
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Text Redelegation Procedures by Website Administrator Delegation Procedures Redelegation Procedures Redelegation Procedures for Functional Area Managers This page contains...
Download the text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on strategic energy planning.
McNeilly, Clyde E.
A device is provided for automatically selecting from a plurality of ranges of a scale of values to which a meter may be made responsive, that range which encompasses the value of an unknown parameter. A meter relay indicates whether the unknown is of greater or lesser value than the range to which the meter is then responsive. The rotatable part of a stepping relay is rotated in one direction or the other in response to the indication from the meter relay. Various positions of the rotatable part are associated with particular scales. Switching means are sensitive to the position of the rotatable part to couple the associated range to the meter.
Today, the Energy Blog is launching a new series, 10 Questions, with a simple goal in mind – to introduce you to our scientists and their incredible work. Dr. Checco explains wetting on the nanoscale, shares some advice for students and tells us about his favorite movie scientist.
Judd, Kathleen S.; Young, Joan E.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Malone, John D.
This document provides a summary of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the treatment of anthrax disease caused by a wide-area release of Bacillus anthracis spores as an act bioterrorism. These FAQs are intended to provide the public health and medical community, as well as others, with guidance and communications to support the response and long-term recovery from an anthrax event.
(MeVcm²/mg) LET vs. Range in Si for 25 MeV SEE Beams (low LET) 4 He 14 N 0 0.5 1 1.5 0 600 1200 1800 2400 3000 3600 4 He 14 N 22 Ne 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 LET (MeVcm²/mg) Range in Silicon (µm) LET vs. Range in Si for 25 MeV SEE Beams (low LET) After aramica window and 30 mm of air 4 He 14 N 0 0.5 1 1.5 0 600 1200 1800 2400 3000 3600 Range in Silicon (µm) 129 Xe 30 40 50 60 (MeVcm²/mg) LET vs. Range in Si for 25 MeV SEE Beams After aramica
Frequently Asked Questions What does DOE R&D Accomplishments contain? What is the date range of the content? What is an accomplishment? What are the topics in DOE R&D Accomplishments? How often are reports added to the database? and how frequently are feature pages added? How do I download a document? how long will it take? and how much will it cost? If I am interested in just a few pages, can I download only those pages of interest? How do I get help with DOE R&D Accomplishments?
The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Tank Waste Cleanup - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Why is the Waste Treatment Plant being built? Where did the waste in the Tank Farms come from? How many gallons of waste are contained in the tanks? Why is removing the waste from the tanks so challenging? What is the Mobile Arm Retrieval System (MARS)? How will the tank waste be delivered to the Waste Treatment Plant? The Waste
Department of Energy Connected Buildings Interoperability Vision Webinar (Text Version) Connected Buildings Interoperability Vision Webinar (Text Version) Below is the text version of the webinar Connected Buildings Interoperability Vision, presented in May 2015. Steve Widergren: Presentation cover slide: ... the webinar that we have for you today on Connected Buildings Interoperability Vision. I wanted -- My name is Steve Widergren. I'm with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. I'm going
This text version of the fuel cell animation demonstrates how a fuel cell uses hydrogen to produce electricity, with only water and heat as byproducts.
This is a text version of the "DOE and Critical Materials" video presented at the Critical Materials Workshop, held on April 3, 2012 in Arlington, Virginia.
Download presentation slides and a text version of the audio from the DOE Office of Indian Energy webinar on hydroelectric renewable energy.
This is a text version of the Manufacturing Ecosystems and Keystone Technologies video, originally presented on March 12, 2012 at the MDF Workshop held in Chicago, Illinois.
This is a text version of the Welcome and Advanced Manufacturing Partnership video, originally presented on March 12, 2012 at the MDF Workshop held in Chicago, Illinois.
Vcm²/mg) LET vs. Range in Si for 15 MeV SEE Beams (low LET) 4 He 14 N 0 0.5 1 1.5 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Range in Silicon (µm) 4 He 14 N 20 Ne 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 LET (MeV Range in Silicon (µm) After aramica window and 30 mm of air 141 Pr 165 Ho 181 Ta 197 Au 50 60 70 80 90 100 Vcm²/mg) LET vs. Range in Si for 15 MeV SEE Beams After aramica window and 30 mm of air 40 Ar 84 Kr 129 Xe 63 Cu 109 Ag 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250
CO2 Storage Frequently Asked Questions faq-header-big.jpg A combined portfolio of carbon management options for fossil fuel use can be implemented to manage current emission levels of greenhouse gases (GHGs) while enhancing energy security and building the technologies and knowledge base for export to other countries faced with reducing emissions. The U.S. portfolio includes Use of fuels with reduced carbon intensity: renewables, nuclear, and natural gas. Adoption of more efficient technologies
(NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions Clearance Processing: How long does it take to get a clearance? Timeframes may vary depending on the level of clearance, type of background investigation, and complexity of the case. What would cause my clearance to be delayed? Reasons for a delay in the processing of a clearance can be attributed to both the investigative process as well as the adjudicative process. The investigation process can be delayed if it requires extensive efforts in pursuit of
SCE Responses to Customer Data Questions 1. Who owns energy consumption data? SCE Response: Customer-specific data gathered or developed by a utility in the course of providing utility services is owned by the utility. Such data is subject to confidentiality and privacy requirements. In California, customers have the right to access their customer- specific information and can authorize third-party access to their information. 2. Who should be entitled to privacy protections relating to energy
National Laboratory Division Postdoctoral Appointments Frequently Asked Questions Are the Division Postdoctoral Appointments the same as "Regular Postdocs"? Yes. Who chooses the final candidate; DEP, the sub-committee, or the programmatic Division? The programmatic Division does. The sub-committee reviews the final candidate's application package to ensure that he or she complies with Argonne 's high standards and that all the requirements have been met. If the candidate has
Frequently Asked Questions Is US citizenship required? Yes. US citizenship is required for all federal vacancies. Am I eligible to apply for the All Sources, the Government-Wide, or should I apply for both announcements? All Sources: These vacancies are open to any US citizen or applicant eligible under the Government-wide area of consideration. Government-Wide: These vacancies are only open to Federal career/career conditional employees in the competitive service and Veterans who have
Linares, Luz M.
The La Pica Formation has been producing from the beginning of the century in the fields of the Santa Barbara-Jusepin trend and Pedernales field. These fields are located in the Eastern Venezuela Basin, one of the most prolific oil basins in Venezuela. The accumulative oil produced until now in Lagoven, S.A., area is 225,556 million barrels. The type of crude produced is ranging from light to heavy. The interval producing in the fields mentioned before measures in between 1000 and 3000 in. The La Pica formation is present in all of the Eastern Venezuela Basin and continues to be an important target for oil producing. In recent years, this formation has been drilled by several wells located in different areas apart from the traditional fields. These wells had provided new information which in some cases clarified some of the questions about the environment of deposition, geochemical composition age, reservoir quality and trap style. However, these wells also have raised new questions and La Pica Formation still has a number of problems. The La Pica Formation was deposited during the Late Miocene-Pliocene time, in continental to outer neritic environments. The sediments range from silts to fine sands with some shaly intervals. The first accumulations were discovered in pinchouts against highs. However, in recent seismic lines, La Pica Formation shows possible different style of traps for hydrocarbon that could contain commercial accumulations.
Shale: Questions and Answers Natural Gas from Shale: Questions and Answers Natural Gas from Shale: Questions and Answers (12.62 MB) More Documents & Publications Shale Gas Development Challenges: Fracture Fluids Shale Gas Glossary How is shale gas produced?
Style Guide Full Text Style Guide Full Text Below is the full text of the Style Guide for web pages for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The guide features formatting, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and language guidelines. Guidelines are listed alphabetically for easy reference. You may also use the topic index to locate information covered in the guide. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z a
This is a text version of the Motorweek video segment Materials Technology / Vehicle Lightweighting, which aired on April 21, 2014. The full video is on the Lightweight Materials for Cars and...
This is a text version of the Manufacturing Demonstration Facilities (MDF) Form and Function video, originally presented on March 12, 2012 at the MDF Workshop held in Chicago, Illinois.
We showed the "Texts from Hillary" Tumblr to Secretary Chu and he thought is was as hilarious as everyone else on the Internet, so we got to work on a contribution on his behalf.
30 35 40 45 eVcm²/mg) LET vs. Range in Si for 40 MeV SEE Beams 14 N 20 Ne 40 Ar 0 3 6 9 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 1 H 0 0.1 0.2 40 Ar 78 Kr 0 5 10 15 20 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 LET (Me Range in Silicon (µm) After aramica window and 30 mm of air 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000
Vehicle Deployment: Policy Questions and Impacts to the U.S. Electric Grid - EAC Recommendations (November 2011) Electric Vehicle Deployment: Policy Questions and Impacts to the ...
The Questions and Answers document is a compilation of the most commonly asked questions (and answers) concerning the online auction system for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve.
Davis Bacon Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Davis Bacon Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) PDF icon DBA FAQs More Documents & Publications Davis-Bacon Act - Under the American...
Meter Installations Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting of Meter Installations Questions and answers related to the reporting of meter ...
A Scientist Answers Your Battery Questions Venkat Srinivasan, JCESR Deputy Director of Integration, answers several of your questions about the future of battery research. Check it ...
Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, 1994) Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, ...
Other: Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions In this ...
regarding DOE's NEPA implementation regulations. Revised "Frequently Asked Questions on the Department of Energy's NEPA Regulations More Documents & Publications Questions and...
Additional questions and answers from recipients of awards under the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Questions excerpted from...
Buy American Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Buy American Additional questions and answers from recipients of awards under the Smart Grid ...
Frequently Asked Questions EERE Digital Data Management Frequently Asked Questions Submitting a Data Management Plan 1. I am submitting an applicationproposal for research funding ...
Frequently Asked Questions Search (Protected content only available when logged in) Search Reset Recent FAQs When I open an email in Thunderbird, I get a yellow bar saying "unverified signature; the key type is not supported by your version of GnuPG" and the email is blank. What's happening? What do I need to know about visitor parking passes? What is the address for Ames Laboratory buildings? What are the recommended system configurations? What desktop software has reached end of
(NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions General What is a demonstration project? What employees are affected by the pay-banding and pay-for-performance demonstration project? When was pay-banding implemented? What is the duration of the demonstration project? What happens after 5 years? What is the process for converting employees from the pay-banding system back to the General Schedule system (in the event of a transfer to another federal agency)? What is a share? What occupational series will be
A description is given of a super-regenerative oscillator ranging device provided with radiating and receiving means and being capable of indicating the occurrence of that distance between itself and a reflecting object which so phases the received echo of energy of a preceding emitted oscillation that the intervals between oscillations become uniform.
McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)
A "laser tape measure" for measuring distance which includes a transmitter such as a laser diode which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal. A receiver samples reflections from objects within the field of the sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal. The receiver generates a sample signal in response to the samples which indicates distance to the object causing the reflections. The timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the reflection such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence in sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The transmit timing signal causes the transmitter to transmit the sequence of electromagnetic pulses at a pulse repetition rate, and the received timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that reflections are sampled at the pulse repetition rate and with different delays in the range of delays, such that the sample signal represents received reflections in equivalent time. The receiver according to one aspect of the invention includes an avalanche photodiode and a sampling gate coupled to the photodiode which is responsive to the received timing signal. The transmitter includes a laser diode which supplies a sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses. A bright spot projected on to the target clearly indicates the point that is being measured, and the user can read the range to that point with precision of better than 0.1%.
A ``laser tape measure`` for measuring distance is disclosed which includes a transmitter such as a laser diode which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal. A receiver samples reflections from objects within the field of the sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal. The receiver generates a sample signal in response to the samples which indicates distance to the object causing the reflections. The timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the reflection such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence in sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The transmit timing signal causes the transmitter to transmit the sequence of electromagnetic pulses at a pulse repetition rate, and the received timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that reflections are sampled at the pulse repetition rate and with different delays in the range of delays, such that the sample signal represents received reflections in equivalent time. The receiver according to one aspect of the invention includes an avalanche photodiode and a sampling gate coupled to the photodiode which is responsive to the received timing signal. The transmitter includes a laser diode which supplies a sequence of visible electromagnetic pulses. A bright spot projected on to the target clearly indicates the point that is being measured, and the user can read the range to that point with precision of better than 0.1%. 7 figs.
Dr. Smith has led a wide-ranging spectrum of projects focusing on everything from biofuels to drug discovery. Learn more about how he's descibing the structure and dynamics of biological materials through neutron scattering.
Requirements Text Delegation Procedures Delegation Procedures Re-Delegation Procedures by Website Administrator Procedures for Line Managers' Delegations of Authority when proposing new delegations, redelegating existing delegation, proposing an amendment, rescinding a delegation, and when a delegation is not needed. Delegation Procedures Redelegation Procedures Procedures for Delegations of Authority Please use the following procedures when Proposing New Delegations; Redelegating Existing
Bauer, Travis L.; Benz, Zachary O.; Verzi, Stephen J.
An improved entropy-based term dominance metric useful for characterizing a corpus of text documents, and is useful for comparing the term dominance metrics of a first corpus of documents to a second corpus having a different number of documents.
Frequently asked questions about Presidential Permits, Export Authorizations, Self Certifications, and Annual Reports related to permitting.
Steed, Chad A; Symons, Christopher T; Senter, James K; DeNap, Frank A
This research demonstrates the promise of augmenting interactive visualizations with semi- supervised machine learning techniques to improve the discovery of significant associations and insights in the search and analysis of textual information. More specifically, we have developed a system called Gryffin that hosts a unique collection of techniques that facilitate individualized investigative search pertaining to an ever-changing set of analytical questions over an indexed collection of open-source documents related to critical national infrastructure. The Gryffin client hosts dynamic displays of the search results via focus+context record listings, temporal timelines, term-frequency views, and multiple coordinate views. Furthermore, as the analyst interacts with the display, the interactions are recorded and used to label the search records. These labeled records are then used to drive semi-supervised machine learning algorithms that re-rank the unlabeled search records such that potentially relevant records are moved to the top of the record listing. Gryffin is described in the context of the daily tasks encountered at the US Department of Homeland Security s Fusion Center, with whom we are collaborating in its development. The resulting system is capable of addressing the analysts information overload that can be directly attributed to the deluge of information that must be addressed in the search and investigative analysis of textual information.
A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are colliminated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. 1 fig.
Score Frequently Asked Questions Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions Below you will find answers to frequently asked questions for homeowners and Partners about the Home Energy Score, from basics such as what a Home Energy Score is and how to become a Partner, to how the Score is calculated and what you can expect from your Score. Frequently Asked Questions for Homeowners (download a printable PDF) Frequently Asked Questions for Partners (download a printable PDF)
Renewable Energy | Department of Energy Frequently Asked Questions about the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Frequently Asked Questions about the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Below are some of the questions we are regularly asked at EERE. These frequently asked questions cover topics such as EERE, tax credits and financial assistance, home energy, vehicles, industry, and energy education and training. If you don't find the answer to your question, please
Irwin, N.H.; DeLand, S.M.; Crowder, S.V.
Extracting information from unstructured text has become an emphasis in recent years due to the large amount of text now electronically available. This status report describes the findings and work done by the end of the first year of a two-year LDRD. Requirements of the approach included that it model the information in a domain independent way. This means that it would differ from current systems by not relying on previously built domain knowledge and that it would do more than keyword identification. Three areas that are discussed and expected to contribute to a solution include (1) identifying key entities through document level profiling and preprocessing, (2) identifying relationships between entities through sentence level syntax, and (3) combining the first two with semantic knowledge about the terms.
Property Edit with form History Property:Wave Period Range(s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Wave Period Range(s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Wave...
A laser source is operated continuously and modulated periodically (typically sinusoidally). A receiver imposes another periodic modulation on the received optical signal, the modulated signal being detected by an array of detectors of the integrating type. Range to the target determined by measuring the phase shift of the intensity modulation on the received optical beam relative to a reference. The receiver comprises a photoemitter for converting the reflected, periodically modulated, return beam to an accordingly modulated electron stream. The electron stream is modulated by a local demodulation signal source and subsequently converted back to a photon stream by a detector. A charge coupled device (CCD) array then averages and samples the photon stream to provide an electrical signal in accordance with the photon stream. 2 figs.
Scott, Marion W.
A laser source is operated continuously and modulated periodically (typicy sinusoidally). A receiver imposes another periodic modulation on the received optical signal, the modulated signal being detected by an array of detectors of the integrating type. Range to the target determined by measuring the phase shift of the intensity modulation on the received optical beam relative to a reference. The receiver comprises a photoemitter for converting the reflected, periodically modulated, return beam to an accordingly modulated electron stream. The electron stream is modulated by a local demodulation signal source and subsequently converted back to a photon stream by a detector. A charge coupled device (CCD) array then averages and samples the photon stream to provide an electrical signal in accordance with the photon stream.
Range Resources Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleRangeResources&oldid612320...
Manglos, Stephen H.
A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are collimnated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. The computer solves the following equation in the analysis: ##EQU1## where: N(x).DELTA.x=the number of neutron interactions measured between a position x and x+.DELTA.x, A.sub.i (E.sub.i).DELTA.E.sub.i =the number of incident neutrons with energy between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i, and C=C(E.sub.i)=N .sigma.(E.sub.i) where N=the number density of absorbing atoms in the position sensitive counter means and .sigma. (E.sub.i)=the average cross section of the absorbing interaction between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i.
Carrigan, Richard A., Jr.; /Fermilab
TeV-range bent crystal channeling has interesting advantages for several applications at high energy accelerators. Observations of enhanced deflection over the whole arc of a bent crystal at RHIC and recently at the Tevatron may be due to a process called ''volume reflection''. More investigations of volume reflection and of the complimentary process, volume capture, are needed. So-called quasimosaic bending processes also deserve additional study. Negative particle channeling may be relevant to channeling collimation for electron machines. Electron and positron channeling and channeling radiation are interwoven so that the impact of channeling radiation on applications needs to be better understood. Beams in the 0.1 to 1 GeV range may be useful for some of these investigations. Finally there has been little or no study of positive and negative muon channeling. The current understanding of these topics and the desirability of further work is reviewed.
a Question About Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy? Ask Ener-Gee Whiz Have a Question About Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy? Ask Ener-Gee Whiz May 26, 2009 - 4:37pm ...
Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Question Home Hi, I saw that you were actively replying to the questions on that page, so thought I'd contact you to ask about the data...
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Frequently_Asked_Questions Microsoft Word - Frequently_Asked_Questions More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Document2 Microsoft Word - ARRAAttachment12v1.doc Microsoft Word - DRAFT CRB Interview Guidance
Reporting Webinar | Department of Energy Webinar Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting Webinar Questions and answers related to the reporting webinar for recipients receiving funds as part of the Smart Grid Investment Grant Project under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting Webinar (95.77 KB) More Documents & Publications Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid
Frequently asked questions for Partners of the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score Program.
Department of Energy Project Financing » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) offers answers to frequently asked questions about federal utility energy service contracts (UESCs). 1. What is a utility energy service contract? A
Questions and Answers from "Grand Challenge" Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC
Answers to frequently asked questions about Federal fleet management, Federal requirements, reporting, advanced vehicles, and alternative fuels.
This document provides a list of frequently asked questions in regards to the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Closeout procedures.
of Energy Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of
contains the questions asked and the answers provided during the Financing Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets Webinar financingresidentialenergyefficiencycarbon...
Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers Understanding mechanisms of mortality will provide important input to future climate forecasts. March 12, 2012 Tree in the desert The scientists' goal is to provide basic insights into questions such as how plants die, especially during drought. While the question of plant mortality is easy to conceptualize, it is difficult to study because of the spatial and temporal
Document answers frequently asked questions about nomination guidelines and criteria for the Federal Energy and Water Management Awards.
Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Below are frequently asked questions related to using a small wind energy system to power your home. The frequently asked questions below will help you determine if a small wind energy system is practical for powering your home. What are the benefits to homeowners from using wind turbines? Is wind power practical for me? Is my site right? What about legal, environmental, and economic issues? Where
Energy Commercial Buildings » Analysis Tools » Energy Asset Score » Building Energy Asset Score Frequently Asked Questions Building Energy Asset Score Frequently Asked Questions This page features answers to the most frequently asked questions about the Building Energy Asset Score. Choose from the list of questions below to learn more: Program Overview What is the Building Energy Asset Score? The Building Energy Asset Score is a national standardized tool for assessing the physical and
Energy Homeowners Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Homeowners Frequently asked questions for homeowners in the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score Program. HES_FAQ_Homeowners_013015.pdf (590.87 KB) More Documents & Publications Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Partners
Frequently Asked Questions about ESPCs Frequently Asked Questions about ESPCs Document answers frequently asked questions about energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). Download the ESPC FAQs. (201.24 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE Briefing Energy Savings Contracts Webinar, May 20, 2013 FEMP Comprehensive ESPC Workshop Presentations
Prize Frequently Asked Questions SunShot Prize Frequently Asked Questions This document details the frequently asked questions for the SunShot Prize: Race to 7-Day Solar. Updated: July 29 SunShot Prize FAQs July 2015.pdf (681.73 KB) More Documents & Publications SunShot Prize Competition Rules SunShot Prize Race to 7-Day Solar SunShot Podcast: 3 Reasons to Register for the SunShot Prize Today
Program | Department of Energy Frequently Asked Questions About the Technology Demonstration GATEWAY Program Frequently Asked Questions About the Technology Demonstration GATEWAY Program This page addresses many of the questions about the DOE Solid-State Lighting Technology Demonstration GATEWAY program raised by potential eligible participants, such as manufacturers, demonstration host sites, utilities, and energy efficiency organizations. What is the DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL)
Department of Energy Commercial Buildings » Analysis Tools » Building Performance Database » Frequently Asked Questions About the Building Performance Database Frequently Asked Questions About the Building Performance Database On this page you will find answers to frequently asked questions pertaining to the DOE Buildings Performance Database (BPD). General What is the purpose of the BPD? What building energy performance data is included in the BPD? Access Information How can I access the
Grant Financing Program Compliance and Reporting | Department of Energy Frequently Asked Questions on Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Financing Program Compliance and Reporting Frequently Asked Questions on Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Financing Program Compliance and Reporting Find answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) regarding financing program reporting and compliance for programs developed using U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Efficiency
Questions for the Universe Photo: Superstrings To discover what the universe is made of and how it works is the challenge of particle physics. The landmark Quantum Universe report defines the quest of particle physicists to explain the universe in terms of nine key questions. In pursuit of answers to these questions, Fermilab supports researchers, experiments and facilities that promise to revolutionize our understanding of the universe. Einstein's Dream of Unified Forces thumbnail Are there