Nuclear Physics from Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
Savage, Martin J
2015-01-01
Quantum Chromodynamics and Quantum Electrodynamics, both renormalizable quantum field theories with a small number of precisely constrained input parameters, dominate the dynamics of the quarks and gluons - the underlying building blocks of protons, neutrons, and nuclei. While the analytic techniques of quantum field theory have played a key role in understanding the dynamics of matter in high energy processes, they encounter difficulties when applied to low-energy nuclear structure and reactions, and dense systems. Expected increases in computational resources into the exascale during the next decade will provide the ability to determine a range of important strong interaction processes directly from QCD using the numerical technique of Lattice QCD. This will complement the nuclear physics experimental program, and in partnership with new thrusts in nuclear many-body theory, will enable unprecedented understanding and refinement of nuclear forces and, more generally, the visible matter in our universe. In th...
Nuclear Physics from Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
Martin J. Savage
2015-10-07
Quantum Chromodynamics and Quantum Electrodynamics, both renormalizable quantum field theories with a small number of precisely constrained input parameters, dominate the dynamics of the quarks and gluons - the underlying building blocks of protons, neutrons, and nuclei. While the analytic techniques of quantum field theory have played a key role in understanding the dynamics of matter in high energy processes, they encounter difficulties when applied to low-energy nuclear structure and reactions, and dense systems. Expected increases in computational resources into the exascale during the next decade will provide the ability to determine a range of important strong interaction processes directly from QCD using the numerical technique of Lattice QCD. This will complement the nuclear physics experimental program, and in partnership with new thrusts in nuclear many-body theory, will enable unprecedented understanding and refinement of nuclear forces and, more generally, the visible matter in our universe. In this presentation, I will discuss the state-of-the-art Lattice QCD calculations of quantities of interest in nuclear physics, progress that is expected in the near future, and the anticipated impact.
Double logarithmic asymptotic behavior in quantum chromodynamics
Kirschner, R.
1981-08-01
The double logarithmic contributions to the quark-(anti)quark scattering and annihilation amplitudes are summed to all orders in quantum chromodynamics. The results are a generalization of the calculations of Gorshkov et al. in the case of quantum electrodynamics.
Sugar, Robert
of the electromagnetic and weak interactions, and QCD, the theory of the strong interactions. It has been enormously distances a more general theory, which unifies all four of the fundamental forces of nature (QCD) that we have been engaged in for a number of years. This research addresses fundamental questions
Resonances in Coupled ?K-?K Scattering from Quantum Chromodynamics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.; Thomas, Christopher E.; Wilson, David J.
2014-10-01
Using first-principles calculation within Quantum Chromodynamics, we are able to reproduce the pattern of experimental strange resonances which appear as complex singularities within coupled ?K, ?K scattering amplitudes. We make use of numerical computation within the lattice discretized approach to QCD, extracting the energy dependence of scattering amplitudes through their relation- ship to the discrete spectrum of the theory in a finite-volume, which we map out in unprecedented detail.
Resonances in Coupled ?K??K Scattering from Quantum Chromodynamics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.; Thomas, Christopher E.; Wilson, David J.
2014-10-01
Using first-principles calculation within Quantum Chromodynamics, we are able to reproduce the pattern of experimental strange resonances which appear as complex singularities within coupled ?K, ?K scattering amplitudes. We make use of numerical computation within the lattice discretized approach to QCD, extracting the energy dependence of scattering amplitudes through their relation- ship to the discrete spectrum of the theory in a finite-volume, which we map out in unprecedented detail.
High Energy Resummation in Quantum Chromo–Dynamics
Marzani, Simone
2008-01-01
In this thesis I discuss different aspects of high energy resummation in Quantum Chromo-Dynamics and its relevance for precision physics at hadron colliders. The high energy factorisation theorem is presented and discussed ...
Resonances in coupled pi K, eta K scattering from quantum chromodynamics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dudek, Jozef J; Edwards, Robert G; Thomas, Christopher E; Wilson, David J
2014-10-01
Using first-principles calculation within Quantum Chromodynamics, we are able to reproduce the pattern of experimental strange resonances which appear as complex singularities within coupled pi K, eta K scattering amplitudes. We make use of numerical computation within the lattice discretized approach to QCD, extracting the energy dependence of scattering amplitudes through their relation- ship to the discrete spectrum of the theory in a finite-volume, which we map out in unprecedented detail.
On Flavor Symmetry in Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
El Hassan Saidi
2012-03-27
Using a well established method to engineer non abelian symmetries in superstring compactifications, we study the link between the point splitting method of Creutz et al of refs [1,2] for implementing flavor symmetry in lattice QCD; and singularity theory in complex algebraic geometry. We show amongst others that Creutz flavors for naive fermions are intimately related with toric singularities of a class of complex Kahler manifolds that are explicitly built here. In the case of naive fermions of QCD$_{2N}$, Creutz flavors are shown to live at the poles of real 2-spheres and carry quantum charges of the fundamental of $[SU(2)]^{2N}$. We show moreover that the two Creutz flavors in Karsten-Wilczek model, with Dirac operator in reciprocal space of the form $i\\gamma_1 F_1+i\\gamma_2 F_2 + i\\gamma_3 F_3+\\frac{i}{\\sin \\alpha}\\gamma_4 F_4$, are related with the small resolution of conifold singularity that live at $\\sin \\alpha =0$. Other related features are also studied.
The CT14 Global Analysis of Quantum Chromodynamics
Dulat, Sayipjamal; Gao, Jun; Guzzi, Marco; Huston, Joey; Nadolsky, Pavel; Pumplin, Jon; Schmidt, Carl; Stump, Daniel; Yuan, C P
2015-01-01
We present new parton distribution functions (PDFs) up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) from the CTEQ-TEA global analysis of quantum chromodynamics. These differ from previous CT PDFs in several respects, including the use of data from LHC experiments and the new D0 charged lepton rapidity asymmetry data, as well as the use of more flexible parametrization of PDFs that, in particular, allows a better fit to different combinations of quark flavors. Predictions for important LHC processes, especially Higgs boson production at 13 TeV, are presented. These CT14 PDFs include a central set and error sets in the Hessian representation. For completeness, we also present the CT14 PDFs determined at the leading order (LO) and the next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD. Besides these general-purpose PDF sets, we provide a series of (N)NLO sets with various $\\alpha_s$ values and additional sets in heavy-quark scheme with up to 3, 4, and 6 active flavors.
The CT14 Global Analysis of Quantum Chromodynamics
Sayipjamal Dulat; Tie Jiun Hou; Jun Gao; Marco Guzzi; Joey Huston; Pavel Nadolsky; Jon Pumplin; Carl Schmidt; Daniel Stump; C. P. Yuan
2015-08-02
We present new parton distribution functions (PDFs) up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) from the CTEQ-TEA global analysis of quantum chromodynamics. These differ from previous CT PDFs in several respects, including the use of data from LHC experiments and the new D0 charged lepton rapidity asymmetry data, as well as the use of more flexible parametrization of PDFs that, in particular, allows a better fit to different combinations of quark flavors. Predictions for important LHC processes, especially Higgs boson production at 13 TeV, are presented. These CT14 PDFs include a central set and error sets in the Hessian representation. For completeness, we also present the CT14 PDFs determined at the leading order (LO) and the next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD. Besides these general-purpose PDF sets, we provide a series of (N)NLO sets with various $\\alpha_s$ values and additional sets in general-mass variable flavor number (GM-VFN) schemes, to deal with heavy partons, with up to 3, 4, and 6 active flavors.
Non-perturbative Studies in Quantum Chromodynamics
Dipankar Chakrabarti
2004-03-22
In this thesis, two nonperturbative techniques, namely, similarity renormalization group (SRG) approach and light-front transverse lattice (LFTL) approach are studied in the the context of hadron bound state problem in light-front QCD. We first investigate the meson bound state problem in (2+1) dimensional QCD using Bloch effective Hamiltonian which serves as a benchmark for comparative study of the SRG Hamiltonian. In the SRG scheme we compare three different choices for the similarity factor. In (2+1) dimensions, in the lowest order, SRG produces linear confinement along the transverse direction but only square root confinement along the longitudinal direction and thus breaks the rotational symmetry. In the LFTL approach, we first investigate the problem associated with fermion formulation on a LFTL. When the symmetric lattice derivative is used, the doublers arise due to decoupling of even and odd sub-lattices. We have discussed Wilson fermion and staggered fermion to remove the doublers. We propose another way of formulating fermions on LFTL by using asymmetric lattice derivatives in such a way that the Hermiticity of the Hamiltonian is preserved. There are no doublers in this method. We also discuss the symmetry relevant for fermion doubling on LFTL. We also compare these two methods of fermion formulations in the context of meson bound state problem in (3+1) dimensional QCD with at most one link approximation.
QCDOC -Quantum Chromodynamics on a Chip at BNL | U.S. DOE Office...
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QCDOC -Quantum Chromodynamics on a Chip at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science Applications...
Nuclear Force from Monte Carlo Simulations of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
S. Aoki; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii
2008-10-24
The nuclear force acting between protons and neutrons is studied in the Monte Carlo simulations of the fundamental theory of the strong interaction, the quantum chromodynamics defined on the hypercubic space-time lattice. After a brief summary of the empirical nucleon-nucleon (NN) potentials which can fit the NN scattering experiments in high precision, we outline the basic formulation to derive the potential between the extended objects such as the nucleons composed of quarks. The equal-time Bethe-Salpeter amplitude is a key ingredient for defining the NN potential on the lattice. We show the results of the numerical simulations on a $32^4$ lattice with the lattice spacing $a \\simeq 0.137 $fm (lattice volume (4.4 fm)$^4$) in the quenched approximation. The calculation was carried out using the massively parallel computer Blue Gene/L at KEK. We found that the calculated NN potential at low energy has basic features expected from the empirical NN potentials; attraction at long and medium distances and the repulsive core at short distance. Various future directions along this line of research are also summarized.
ANL/ALCF/ESP-13/11 Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
can be systematically improved from first principles. Lattice QCD plays an important role in High Energy Particle Physics (flavor physics, spectroscopy, and beyond the Standard...
Light Nuclei and HyperNuclei from Quantum Chromodynamics in the Limit of SU(3) Flavor Symmetry
Beane, S R; Cohen, S D; Detmold, W; Lin, H W; Luu, T C; Orginos, K; Parreno, A; Savage, M J
2013-02-01
The binding energies of a range of nuclei and hypernuclei with atomic number A <= 4 and strangeness |s| <= 2, including the deuteron, di-neutron, H-dibaryon, {sup 3}He, {sub {Lambda}}{sup 3}He, {sub {Lambda}}{sup 4}He, and {sub {Lambda}{Lambda}}{sup 4}He, are calculated in the limit of flavor-SU(3) symmetry at the physical strange quark mass with quantum chromodynamics (without electromagnetic interactions). The nuclear states are extracted from Lattice QCD calculations performed with n{sub f}=3 dynamical light quarks using an isotropic clover discretization of the quark-action in three lattice volumes of spatial extent L ~ 3.4 fm, 4.5 fm and 6.7 fm, and with a single lattice spacing b ~ 0.145 fm.
Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (SPI, mapping, site ordering, and QPX in
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
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Magnetic moments of light nuclei from lattice quantum chromodynamics
Beane, S.? R.; Chang, E.; Cohen, S.; Detmold, W.; Lin, H.? W.; Orginos, K.; Parreño, A.; Savage, M.? J.; Tiburzi, B.? C.
2014-12-16
We present the results of lattice QCD calculations of the magnetic moments of the lightest nuclei, the deuteron, the triton and ^{3}He, along with those of the neutron and proton. These calculations, performed at quark masses corresponding to m_{?} ~ 800 MeV, reveal that the structure of these nuclei at unphysically heavy quark masses closely resembles that at the physical quark masses. We find that the magnetic moment of ^{3}He differs only slightly from that of a free neutron, as is the case in nature, indicating that the shell-model configuration of two spin-paired protons and a valence neutron captures its dominant structure. Similarly a shell-model-like moment is found for the triton, ?_{3H} ~ ?_{p}. The deuteron magnetic moment is found to be equal to the nucleon isoscalar moment within the uncertainties of the calculations.
Magnetic moments of light nuclei from lattice quantum chromodynamics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Beane, S.? R.; Chang, E.; Cohen, S.; Detmold, W.; Lin, H.? W.; Orginos, K.; Parreño, A.; Savage, M.? J.; Tiburzi, B.? C.
2014-12-16
We present the results of lattice QCD calculations of the magnetic moments of the lightest nuclei, the deuteron, the triton and 3He, along with those of the neutron and proton. These calculations, performed at quark masses corresponding to m? ~ 800 MeV, reveal that the structure of these nuclei at unphysically heavy quark masses closely resembles that at the physical quark masses. We find that the magnetic moment of 3He differs only slightly from that of a free neutron, as is the case in nature, indicating that the shell-model configuration of two spin-paired protons and a valence neutron captures itsmore »dominant structure. Similarly a shell-model-like moment is found for the triton, ?3H ~ ?p. The deuteron magnetic moment is found to be equal to the nucleon isoscalar moment within the uncertainties of the calculations.« less
Vladimir A. Miransky; Igor A. Shovkovy
2015-04-10
A range of quantum field theoretical phenomena driven by external magnetic fields and their applications in relativistic systems and quasirelativistic condensed matter ones, such as graphene and Dirac/Weyl semimetals, are reviewed. We start by introducing the underlying physics of the magnetic catalysis. The dimensional reduction of the low-energy dynamics of relativistic fermions in an external magnetic field is explained and its role in catalyzing spontaneous symmetry breaking is emphasized. The general theoretical consideration is supplemented by the analysis of the magnetic catalysis in quantum electrodynamics, chromodynamics and quasirelativistic models relevant for condensed matter physics. By generalizing the ideas of the magnetic catalysis to the case of nonzero density and temperature, we argue that other interesting phenomena take place. The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects are perhaps the most interesting among them. In addition to the general discussion of the physics underlying chiral magnetic and separation effects, we also review their possible phenomenological implications in heavy-ion collisions and compact stars. We also discuss the application of the magnetic catalysis ideas for the description of the quantum Hall effect in monolayer and bilayer graphene, and conclude that the generalized magnetic catalysis, including both the magnetic catalysis condensates and the quantum Hall ferromagnetic ones, lies at the basis of this phenomenon. We also consider how an external magnetic field affects the underlying physics in a class of three-dimensional quasirelativistic condensed matter systems, Dirac semimetals. While at sufficiently low temperatures and zero density of charge carriers, such semimetals are expected to reveal the regime of the magnetic catalysis, the regime of Weyl semimetals with chiral asymmetry is realized at nonzero density...
Adams, Allan
Strongly correlated quantum fluids are phases of matter that are intrinsically quantum mechanical and that do not have a simple description in terms of weakly interacting quasiparticles. Two systems that have recently ...
Parallelizing the QUDA Library for Multi-GPU Calculations in Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
Babich, Ronald; Joó, Bálint
2010-01-01
Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are having a transformational effect on numerical lattice quantum chromodynamics (LQCD) calculations of importance in nuclear and particle physics. The QUDA library provides a package of mixed precision sparse matrix linear solvers for LQCD applications, supporting single GPUs based on NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). This library, interfaced to the QDP++/Chroma framework for LQCD calculations, is currently in production use on the "9g" cluster at the Jefferson Laboratory, enabling unprecedented price/performance for a range of problems in LQCD. Nevertheless, memory constraints on current GPU devices limit the problem sizes that can be tackled. In this contribution we describe the parallelization of the QUDA library onto multiple GPUs using MPI, including strategies for the overlapping of communication and computation. We report on both weak and strong scaling for up to 32 GPUs interconnected by InfiniBand, on which we sustain in excess of 4 Tflops.
Parallelizing the QUDA Library for Multi-GPU Calculations in Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
Ronald Babich; Michael A. Clark; Bálint Joó
2010-10-29
Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are having a transformational effect on numerical lattice quantum chromodynamics (LQCD) calculations of importance in nuclear and particle physics. The QUDA library provides a package of mixed precision sparse matrix linear solvers for LQCD applications, supporting single GPUs based on NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). This library, interfaced to the QDP++/Chroma framework for LQCD calculations, is currently in production use on the "9g" cluster at the Jefferson Laboratory, enabling unprecedented price/performance for a range of problems in LQCD. Nevertheless, memory constraints on current GPU devices limit the problem sizes that can be tackled. In this contribution we describe the parallelization of the QUDA library onto multiple GPUs using MPI, including strategies for the overlapping of communication and computation. We report on both weak and strong scaling for up to 32 GPUs interconnected by InfiniBand, on which we sustain in excess of 4 Tflops.
Haddad, Laith H
2015-01-01
We study superconductivity in the hadron-quark mixed phase of planar quantum chromodynamics within the large $N$ limit of a Gross-Neveu model modified by a repulsive vector term. At zero temperature, we find that reducing the quark density through a critical point destroys superconductivity via a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) phase transition. Dissolution of logarithmically bound diquarks is caused by chiral mixing in the quark field associated with $\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\otimes \\mathbb{Z}_2 \\to \\mathbb{Z}_2$ chiral symmetry breaking of the Fermi surface. We conjecture that a similar mechanism may underlie holographic BKT transitions.
Color transparency and the structure of the proton in quantum chromodynamics
Brodsky, S.J.
1989-06-01
Many anomalies suggest that the proton itself is a much more complex object than suggested by simple non-relativistic quark models. Recent analyses of the proton distribution amplitude using QCD sum rules points to highly-nontrivial proton structure. Solutions to QCD in one-space and one-time dimension suggest that the momentum distributions of non-valence quarks in the hadrons have a non-trivial oscillatory structure. The data seems also to be suggesting that the intrinsic'' bound state structure of the proton has a non-negligible strange and charm quark content, in addition to the extrinsic'' sources of heavy quarks created in the collision itself. As we shall see in this lecture, the apparent discrepancies with experiment are not so much a failure of QCD, but rather symptoms of the complexity and richness of the theory. An important tool for analyzing this complexity is the light-cone Fock state representation of hadron wavefunctions, which provides a consistent but convenient framework for encoding the features of relativistic many-body systems in quantum field theory. 121 refs., 44 figs., 1 tab.
Quantum chaos in QCD and hadrons
Harald Markum; Willibald Plessas; Rainer Pullirsch; Bianka Sengl; Robert F. Wagenbrunn
2005-05-13
This article is the written version of a talk delivered at the Workshop on Nonlinear Dynamics and Fundamental Interactions in Tashkent and starts with an introduction into quantum chaos and its relationship to classical chaos. The Bohigas-Giannoni-Schmit conjecture is formulated and evaluated within random-matrix theory. In accordance to the title, the presentation is twofold and begins with research results on quantum chromodynamics and the quark-gluon plasma. We conclude with recent research work on the spectroscopy of baryons. Within the framework of a relativistic constituent quark model we investigate the excitation spectra of the nucleon and the delta with regard to a possible chaotic behavior for the cases when a hyperfine interaction of either Goldstone-boson-exchange or one-gluon-exchange type is added to the confinement interaction. Agreement with predictions from the experimental hadron spectrum is established.
Hyperon-Nucleon Interactions and the Composition of Dense Nuclear Matter from Quantum Chromodynamics
Beane, S R; Cohen, S D; Detmold, W; Lin, H -W; Luu, T C; Orginos, K; Parreno, A; Savage, M J
2012-10-01
The low-energy neutron-{Sigma}{sup -} interactions determine, in part, the role of the strange quark in dense matter, such as that found in astrophysical environments. The scattering phase shifts for this system are obtained from a numerical evaluation of the QCD path integral using the technique of Lattice QCD. Our calculations, performed at a pion mass of m{sub pi} ~ 389 MeV in two large lattice volumes, and at one lattice spacing, are extrapolated to the physical pion mass using effective field theory. The interactions determined from QCD are consistent with those extracted from hyperon-nucleon experimental data within uncertainties, and strengthen theoretical arguments that the strange quark is a crucial component of dense nuclear matter.
Hyperon-Nucleon Interactions and the Composition of Dense Nuclear Matter from Quantum Chromodynamics
S. R. Beane; E. Chang; S. D. Cohen; W. Detmold; H. -W. Lin; T. C. Luu; K. Orginos; A. Parreno; M. J. Savage; A. Walker-Loud
2012-04-16
The low-energy neutron-Sigma^- interactions determine, in part, the role of the strange quark in dense matter, such as that found in astrophysical environments. The scattering phase shifts for this system are obtained from a numerical evaluation of the QCD path integral using the technique of Lattice QCD. Our calculations, performed at a pion mass of m_pi ~ 389 MeV in two large lattice volumes, and at one lattice spacing, are extrapolated to the physical pion mass using effective field theory. The interactions determined from QCD are consistent with those extracted from hyperon-nucleon experimental data within uncertainties, and strengthen theoretical arguments that the strange quark is a crucial component of dense nuclear matter.
Challenges to quantum chromodynamics: Anomalous spin, heavy quark, and nuclear phenomena
Brodsky, S.J.
1989-11-01
The general structure of QCD meshes remarkably well with the facts of the hadronic world, especially quark-based spectroscopy, current algebra, the approximate point-like structure of large momentum transfer inclusive reactions, and the logarithmic violation of scale invariance in deep inelastic lepton-hadron reactions. QCD has been successful in predicting the features of electron-positron and photon-photon annihilation into hadrons, including the magnitude and scaling of the cross sections, the shape of the photon structure function, the production of hadronic jets with patterns conforming to elementary quark and gluon subprocesses. The experimental measurements appear to be consistent with basic postulates of QCD, that the charge and weak currents within hadrons are carried by fractionally-charged quarks, and that the strength of the interactions between the quarks, and gluons becomes weak at short distances, consistent with asymptotic freedom. Nevertheless in some cases, the predictions of QCD appear to be in dramatic conflict with experiment. The anomalies suggest that the proton itself as a much more complex object than suggested by simple non-relativistic quark models. Recent analyses of the proton distribution amplitude using QCD sum rules points to highly-nontrival proton structure. Solutions to QCD in one-space and one-time dimension suggest that the momentum distributions of non-valence quarks in the hadrons have a non-trival oscillatory structure. The data seems also to be suggesting that the intrinsic'' bound state structure of the proton has a non- negligible strange and charm quark content, in addition to the extrinsic'' sources of heavy quarks created in the collision itself. 144 refs., 46 figs., 2 tabs.
Hyperon-Nucleon Interactions and the Composition of Dense Matter from Quantum Chromodynamics
Konstantinos Orginos, Silas Beane, Emmanuel Chang, Saul Cohen, Huey-Wen Lin, Tom Luu, Assumpta Parreno, Martin Savage, Andre Walker-Loud, William Detmold
2012-10-01
The low-energy n{Sigma}{sup -} interactions determine, in part, the role of the strange quark in dense matter, such as that found in astrophysical environments. The scattering phase-shifts for this system are determined from a numerical evaluation of the QCD path integral using the technique of Lattice QCD. Our results, performed at a pion mass of m{sub {pi}} ~ 389 MeV in two large lattice volumes, and at one lattice spacing, are extrapolated to the physical pion mass using effective field theory. The calculated interactions indicate that the strange quark plays an important role in dense matter.
Asymptotic freedom in the front-form Hamiltonian for quantum chromodynamics of gluons
Maria Gomez-Rocha; Stanislaw D. Glazek
2015-05-25
Asymptotic freedom of gluons in QCD is obtained in the leading terms of their renormalized Hamiltonian in the Fock space, instead of considering virtual Green's functions or scattering amplitudes. Namely, we calculate the three-gluon interaction term in the front-form Hamiltonian for effective gluons in the Minkowski space-time using the renormalization group procedure for effective particles (RGPEP), with a new generator. The resulting three-gluon vertex is a function of the scale parameter, $s$, that has an interpretation of the size of effective gluons. The corresponding Hamiltonian running coupling constant, $g_\\lambda$, depending on the associated momentum scale $\\lambda = 1/s$, is calculated in the series expansion in powers of $g_0 = g_{\\lambda_0}$ up to the terms of third order, assuming some small value for $g_0$ at some large $\\lambda_0$. The result exhibits the same finite sensitivity to small-$x$ regularization as the one obtained in an earlier RGPEP calculation, but the new calculation is simpler than the earlier one because of a simpler generator. This result establishes a degree of universality for pure-gauge QCD in the RGPEP.
Quantum chaos in QCD at finite temperature
H. Markum; R. Pullirsch; K. Rabitsch; T. Wettig
1997-09-24
We study complete eigenvalue spectra of the staggered Dirac matrix in quenched QCD on a $6^3\\times 4$ lattice. In particular, we investigate the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution $P(s)$ for various values of $\\beta$ both in the confinement and deconfinement phase. In both phases except far into the deconfinement region, the data agree with the Wigner surmise of random matrix theory which is indicative of quantum chaos. No signs of a transition to Poisson regularity are found, and the reasons for this result are discussed.
Andreas Stathopoulos; Kostas Orginos
2008-06-12
We present a new algorithm that computes eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a Hermitian positive definite matrix while solving a linear system of equations with Conjugate Gradient (CG). Traditionally, all the CG iteration vectors could be saved and recombined through the eigenvectors of the tridiagonal projection matrix, which is equivalent theoretically to unrestarted Lanczos. Our algorithm capitalizes on the iteration vectors produced by CG to update only a small window of vectors that approximate the eigenvectors. While this window is restarted in a locally optimal way, the CG algorithm for the linear system is unaffected. Yet, in all our experiments, this small window converges to the required eigenvectors at a rate identical to unrestarted Lanczos. After the solution of the linear system, eigenvectors that have not accurately converged can be improved in an incremental fashion by solving additional linear systems. In this case, eigenvectors identified in earlier systems can be used to deflate, and thus accelerate, the convergence of subsequent systems. We have used this algorithm with excellent results in lattice QCD applications, where hundreds of right hand sides may be needed. Specifically, about 70 eigenvectors are obtained to full accuracy after solving 24 right hand sides. Deflating these from the large number of subsequent right hand sides removes the dreaded critical slowdown, where the conditioning of the matrix increases as the quark mass reaches a critical value. Our experiments show almost a constant number of iterations for our method, regardless of quark mass, and speedups of 8 over original CG for light quark masses.
Deta, U. A.; Suparmi,; Cari,; Husein, A. S.; Yuliani, H.; Khaled, I. K. A.; Luqman, H.; Supriyanto
2014-09-30
The Energy Spectra and Wave Function of Schrodinger equation in D-Dimensions for trigonometric Rosen-Morse potential were investigated analytically using Nikiforov-Uvarov method. This potential captures the essential traits of the quark-gluon dynamics of Quantum Chromodynamics. The approximate energy spectra are given in the close form and the corresponding approximate wave function for arbitrary l-state (l ? 0) in D-dimensions are formulated in the form of differential polynomials. The wave function of this potential unnormalizable for general case. The wave function of this potential unnormalizable for general case. The existence of extra dimensions (centrifugal factor) and this potential increase the energy spectra of system.
Sekhar Chivukula
2010-01-08
The symmetries of a quantum field theory can be realized in a variety of ways. Symmetries can be realized explicitly, approximately, through spontaneous symmetry breaking or, via an anomaly, quantum effects can dynamically eliminate a symmetry of the theory that was present at the classical level. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the modern theory of the strong interactions, exemplify each of these possibilities. The interplay of these effects determine the spectrum of particles that we observe and, ultimately, account for 99% of the mass of ordinary matter.
Quantum chromodynamics quark benzene
Jialun Ping; Chengrong Deng; Fan Wang; T. Goldman
2007-11-28
A six-quark state with the benzene-like structure is proposed and studied based on color string model. The calculation with the quadratic confinement show that such structure has the lowest energy among the various hidden color six-quark structures proposed so far. Its possible effect on $NN$ scattering is discussed.
Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp GraduateResidential Energy Consumption Survey Form
Summary: Working Group on QCD and Strong Interactions
E. L. Berger; Stephen Magill; I. Sarcevic; J. Jalilian-Marian; W. B. Kilgore; Anna Kulesza; W. Vogelsang; R. V. Harlander; E. Kinney; R. Ball; B. Flaugher; W. Giele; P. Mackenzie; Z. Sullivan; C. Balazs; L. Reina; W. -K. Tung; N. Kidonakis; P. Nadolsky; F. Olness; G. Sterman; S. D. Ellis
2002-02-07
In this summary of the considerations of the QCD working group at Snowmass 2001, the roles of quantum chromodynamics in the Standard Model and in the search for new physics are reviewed, with empahsis on frontier areas in the field. We discuss the importance of, and prospects for, precision QCD in perturbative and lattice calculations. We describe new ideas in the analysis of parton distribution functions and jet structure, and review progress in small-$x$ and in polarization.
Mueller, B.; Springer, R.P.
1994-05-15
This report briefly discusses the following topics: quark-gluon plasma and high-energy collisions; hadron structure and chiral dynamics; nonperturbative studies and nonabelian gauge theories; and studies in quantum field theory.
Nuclear Physics from Lattice QCD
S. R. Beane; W. Detmold; K. Orginos; M. J. Savage
2010-10-26
We review recent progress toward establishing lattice Quantum Chromodynamics as a predictive calculational framework for nuclear physics. A survey of the current techniques that are used to extract low-energy hadronic scattering amplitudes and interactions is followed by a review of recent two-body and few-body calculations by the NPLQCD collaboration and others. An outline of the nuclear physics that is expected to be accomplished with Lattice QCD in the next decade, along with estimates of the required computational resources, is presented.
Kenneth Wilson and lattice QCD
Akira Ukawa
2015-01-21
We discuss the physics and computation of lattice QCD, a space-time lattice formulation of quantum chromodynamics, and Kenneth Wilson's seminal role in its development. We start with the fundamental issue of confinement of quarks in the theory of the strong interactions, and discuss how lattice QCD provides a framework for understanding this phenomenon. A conceptual issue with lattice QCD is a conflict of space-time lattice with chiral symmetry of quarks. We discuss how this problem is resolved. Since lattice QCD is a non-linear quantum dynamical system with infinite degrees of freedom, quantities which are analytically calculable are limited. On the other hand, it provides an ideal case of massively parallel numerical computations. We review the long and distinguished history of parallel-architecture supercomputers designed and built for lattice QCD. We discuss algorithmic developments, in particular the difficulties posed by the fermionic nature of quarks, and their resolution. The triad of efforts toward better understanding of physics, better algorithms, and more powerful supercomputers have produced major breakthroughs in our understanding of the strong interactions. We review the salient results of this effort in understanding the hadron spectrum, the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements and CP violation, and quark-gluon plasma at high temperatures. We conclude with a brief summary and a future perspective.
P. Nason; B. R. Webber; D. Ward; D. Lanske; L. A. del Pozo; F. Fabbri; B. Poli; G. Cowan; C. Padilla; M. Seymour; F. Hautmann; Yu. L. Dokshitzer; V. A. Khoze
1996-02-13
We discuss QCD studies that will be possible at LEP2. We examine both experimental and theoretical aspects of jets, fragmentation functions, multiplicities and particle spectra.
The Impact of QCD and Light-Cone Quantum Mechanics on Nuclear Physics
Stanley J. Brodsky; Felix Schlumpf
1994-12-02
We discuss a number of novel applications of Quantum Chromodynamics to nuclear structure and dynamics, such as the reduced amplitude formalism for exclusive nuclear amplitudes. We particularly emphasize the importance of light-cone Hamiltonian and Fock State methods as a tool for describing the wavefunctions of composite relativistic many-body systems and their interactions. We also show that the use of covariant kinematics leads to nontrivial corrections to the standard formulae for the axial, magnetic, and quadrupole moments of nucleons and nuclei.
QCD Critical Point: The Race is On
Gavai, Rajiv V
2014-01-01
A critical point in the phase diagram of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), if established either theoretically or experimentally, would be as profound a discovery as the good-old gas-liquid critical point. Unlike the latter, however, first-principles based approaches are being employed to locate it theoretically. Due to the short lived nature of the concerned phases, novel experimental techniques are needed to search for it. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in USA has an experimental program to do so. This short review is an attempt to provide a glimpse of the race between the theorists and the experimentalists as well as that of the synergy between them.
Improving the Dirac Operator in Lattice QCD
Christof Gattringer; C. B. Lang
2001-11-22
Recently various new concepts for the construction of Dirac operators in lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) have been introduced. These operators satisfy the so-called Ginsparg-Wilson condition (GWC), thus obeying the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and violating chiral symmetry only in a modest and local form. Here we present studies in 4-d for SU(3) gauge configurations with non-trivial topological content. We study the flow of eigenvalues and we compare the numerical stability and efficiency of a recently suggested chirally improved operator with that of others in this respect.
Dark matter, Mach's ether and the QCD vacuum
Cohen-Tannoudji, Gilles
2015-01-01
Here is proposed the idea of linking the dark matter issue, (considered as a major problem of contemporary research in physics) with two other open theoretical questions, one, almost centenary about the existence of an unavoidable ether in general relativity agreeing with the Mach's principle, and one more recent about the properties of the quantum vacuum of the quantum field theory of strong interactions, QuantumChromodynamics (QCD). According to this idea, on the one hand, dark matter and dark energy that, according to the current standard model of cosmology represent about 95% of the universe content, can be considered as two distinct forms of the Mach's ether, and, on the other hand, dark matter, as a perfect fluid emerging from the QCD vacuum could be modeled as a Bose Einstein condensate.
Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD
Raúl A. Briceño; Zohreh Davoudi; Thomas C. Luu
2014-11-25
One of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculations of some of the low- energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path planned to move forward in the upcoming years.
Nuclear reactions from lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Briceño, Raúl A.; Davoudi, Zohreh; Luu, Thomas C.
2015-01-13
In this study, one of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculationsmore »of some of the low-energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path planned to move forward in the upcoming years.« less
Nuclear reactions from lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Briceno, Raul A. [JLAB; Davoudi, Zohreh; Luu, Thomas C.
2015-02-01
One of the overarching goals of nuclear physics is to rigorously compute properties of hadronic systems directly from the fundamental theory of strong interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, the hope is to perform reliable calculations of nuclear reactions which will impact our understanding of environments that occur during big bang nucleosynthesis, the evolution of stars and supernovae, and within nuclear reactors and high energy/density facilities. Such calculations, being truly ab initio, would include all two-nucleon and three- nucleon (and higher) interactions in a consistent manner. Currently, lattice QCD provides the only reliable option for performing calculations of some of the low- energy hadronic observables. With the aim of bridging the gap between lattice QCD and nuclear many-body physics, the Institute for Nuclear Theory held a workshop on Nuclear Reactions from Lattice QCD on March 2013. In this review article, we report on the topics discussed in this workshop and the path planned to move forward in the upcoming years.
Hadron Physics and QCD: Just the Basic Facts
Roberts, Craig D
2015-01-01
With discovery of the Higgs boson, the Standard Model of Particle Physics became complete. Its formulation is a remarkable story; and the process of verification is continuing, with the most important chapter being the least well understood. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is that part of the Standard Model which is supposed to describe all of nuclear physics and yet, almost fifty years after the discovery of quarks, we are only just beginning to understand how QCD moulds the basic bricks for nuclei: pious, neutrons, protons. QCD is characterized by two emergent phenomena: confinement and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (DCSB), whose implications are extraordinary. This contribution describes how DCSB, not the Higgs boson, generates more than 98% of the visible mass in the Universe, explains why confinement guarantees that condensates, those quantities that were commonly viewed as constant mass-scales that fill all spacetime, are instead wholly contained within hadrons, and elucidates a range of observable co...
Which Chiral Symmetry is Restored in High Temperature QCD?
Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs M. Heller; James E. Hetrick; K. Rummukainen; R. Sugar; D. Toussaint; Matthew Wingate
1996-11-27
Sigma models for the high temperature phase transition in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) suggest that at high temperature the SU(N_f) x SU(N_f) chiral symmetry becomes exact, but the anomalous axial U(1) symmetry need not be restored. In numerical lattice simulations, traditional methods for detecting symmetry restoration have sought multiplets in the screening mass spectrum. However, these methods were imprecise and the results, so far, incomplete. With improved statistics and methodology, we are now able to offer evidence for a restoration of the SU(2) x SU(2) chiral symmetry just above the crossover, but not of the axial U(1) chiral symmetry.
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Huston, Joey [Co-Spokesperson; Ownes, Joseph [Co-Spokesperson
The Coordinated Theoretical-Experimental Project on QCD is a multi-institutional collaboration devoted to a broad program of research projects and cooperative enterprises in high-energy physics centered on Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and its implications in all areas of the Standard Model and beyond. The Collaboration consists of theorists and experimentalists at 18 universities and 5 national laboratories. More than 65 sets of Parton Distribution Functions are available for public access. Links to many online software tools, information about Parton Distribution Functions, papers, and other resources are also available.
R. J. Hernández-Pinto
2014-10-24
Quantum Chromodynamics is the most successful theory in particle physics. The understanding of all different signals at hadron colliders have been achieved due to the correct interpretation of the theory. In this paper we review some basic features of the theory of strong interactions and how it could be used in order to provide phenomenological distributions for the Large Hadron Collider. The main results presented in here can be found in Ref [1].
Quantum Chromodynamics Simulating Quarks and Gluons
Sugar, Robert
to understand matter at the smallest distance scales or largest energy scales. However, these fields impact and scientific importance of high energy and nuclear physics, the United States, the European Community and Japan are to: 1) verify the Standard Model of High Energy Physics, or discover its limits, 2) determine
QCD, Tevatron results and LHC prospects
Elvira, V.Daniel; /Fermilab
2008-08-01
We present a summary of the most recent measurements relevant to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) delivered by the D0 and CDF Tevatron experiments by May 2008. CDF and D0 are moving toward precision measurements of QCD based on data samples in excess of 1 fb-1. The inclusive jet cross sections have been extended to forward rapidity regions and measured with unprecedented precision following improvements in the jet energy calibration. Results on dijet mass distributions, bbbar dijet production using tracker based triggers, underlying event in dijet and Drell-Yan samples, inclusive photon and diphoton cross sections complete the list of measurements included in this paper. Good agreement with pQCD within errors is observed for jet production measurements. An improved and consistent theoretical description is needed for photon+jets processes. Collisions at the LHC are scheduled for early fall 2008, opening an era of discoveries at the new energy frontier, 5-7 times higher than that of the Tevatron.
Use of correlation matrices in lattice QCD
Lepzelter, David, 1981-
2004-01-01
This thesis explores the use of correlation matrices in analyzing Monte Carlo calculations from lattice quantum chromodynamics. Correlation matrices are a powerful tool for examining many problems in which significant ...
Multi-meson systems in lattice QCD / Many-body QCD
Detmold, William
2013-08-31
Nuclear physics entails the study of the properties and interactions of hadrons, such as the proton and neutron, and atomic nuclei and it is central to our understanding of our world at the smallest scales. The underlying basis for nuclear physics is provided by the Standard Model of particle physics which describes how matter interacts through the strong, electromagnetic and weak (electroweak) forces. This theory was developed in the 1970s and provides an extremely successful description of our world at the most fundamental level to which it has been probed. The Standard Model has been, and continues to be, subject to stringent tests at particle accelerators around the world, so far passing without blemish. However, at the relatively low energies that are relevant for nuclear physics, calculations involving the strong interaction, governed by the equations of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), are enormously challenging, and to date, the only systematic way to perform them is numerically, using a framework known as lattice QCD (LQCD). In this approach, one discretizes space-time and numerically solves the equations of QCD on a space-time lattice; for realistic calculations, this requires highly optimized algorithms and cutting-edge high performance computing (HPC) resources. Progress over the project period is discussed in detail in the following subsections
Three-Field Potential for Soft-Wall AdS/QCD
Sean P. Bartz; Joseph I. Kapusta
2012-11-30
The Anti-de Sitter Space/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence may offer new and useful insights into the non-perturbative regime of strongly coupled gauge theories such as Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). Soft-wall AdS/QCD models have reproduced the linear Regge trajectories of meson spectra by including background dilaton and chiral condensate fields. Efforts to derive these background fields from a scalar potential have so far been unsuccessful in satisfying the UV boundary conditions set by the AdS/CFT dictionary while reproducing the IR behavior needed to obtain the correct meson spectra. We present work toward a three-field scalar potential that includes the dilaton field and the chiral and glueball condensates. This model is consistent with background fields that yield linear trajectories for the meson spectra and the correct mass-splitting between the vector and axial-vector mesons.
The QCD/SM working group: A Summary report
Alekhin, S.; Balazs, C.; Ball, R.; Binoth, T.; Boos, E.; Botje, M.; Cacciari, M.; Catani, S.; Del Duca, V.; Dobbs, M.; Ellis, S.D.; Field, R.; deFlorian, D.; Forte, S.; Gardi, E.; Gehrmann, T.; Gehrmann-De Riddler, A.; Giele, W.; Glover, E.W.N.; Grazzini, M.; Guillet, J.-Ph.; HeinRich, G.; Huston, J.; Hinchliffe, I.; Llyin, V.; Kanzaki, J.; Kato, K.; Kersevan, B.; Kidonakis, N.; Kulesza, A.; Kurihara, Y.; Laenen, E.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lonnblad, L.; Magnea, L.; Mangano, M.; Mazumudar, K.; Moch, S.; Mrenna, S.; Nadolsky, P.; Nason, P.; Olness, F.; Paige, F.; Puljak, I.; Pumplin, J.; Richter-Was, E.; Salam, G.; Scalise, R.; Seymour, M.; Sjostrand, T.; Sterman, G.; Monnesmann, M.; Tournefier, E.; Vogelsang, W.; Vogt, A.; Vogt, R.; Webber, B.; Yuan, C.-P.; Zeppenfeld, D.
2002-04-01
This report documents the results obtained by the Working Group on Quantum Chromodynamics and the Standard Model for the Workshop ''Physics at TeV Colliders,'' Les Houches, France, 26 May - 6 June 2003. After a Monte Guide description, the first contributions report on progress in describing multiple interactions, important for the LHC, and underlying events. An announcement of a Monte Carlo database, under construction, is then followed by a number of contributions improving parton shower descriptions. Subsequently, a large number of contributions address resummations in various forms, after which follow studies of QCD effects in pion pair, top quark pair and photon pair plus jet production. After a study of electroweak corrections to hadronic precision observables, the report ends by presenting recent progress in methods to compute finite order corrections at one-loop with many legs, and at two-loop.
Hadron Physics and QCD: Just the Basic Facts
Craig D. Roberts
2015-02-01
With discovery of the Higgs boson, the Standard Model of Particle Physics became complete. Its formulation is a remarkable story; and the process of verification is continuing, with the most important chapter being the least well understood. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is that part of the Standard Model which is supposed to describe all of nuclear physics and yet, almost fifty years after the discovery of quarks, we are only just beginning to understand how QCD moulds the basic bricks for nuclei: pious, neutrons, protons. QCD is characterized by two emergent phenomena: confinement and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (DCSB), whose implications are extraordinary. This contribution describes how DCSB, not the Higgs boson, generates more than 98% of the visible mass in the Universe, explains why confinement guarantees that condensates, those quantities that were commonly viewed as constant mass-scales that fill all spacetime, are instead wholly contained within hadrons, and elucidates a range of observable consequences of confinement and DCSB whose measurement is the focus of a vast international experimental programme.
Formal Developments for Lattice QCD with Applications to Hadronic Systems
Zohreh Davoudi
2014-09-05
Lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) will soon become the primary theoretical tool in rigorous studies of single- and multi-hadron sectors of QCD. It is truly ab initio meaning that its only parameters are those of standard model. The result of a lattice QCD calculation corresponds to that of nature only in the limit when the volume of spacetime is taken to infinity and the spacing between discretized points on the lattice is taken to zero. A better understanding of these discretization and volume effects not only provides the connection to the infinite-volume continuum observables, but also leads to optimized calculations that can be performed with available computational resources. This thesis includes various formal developments in this direction, along with proposals for improvements, to be applied to the upcoming lattice QCD studies of nuclear and hadronic systems. Among these developments are i) an analytical investigation of the recovery of rotational symmetry with the use of suitably-formed smeared operators toward the continuum limit, ii) an extension of the Luscher finite-volume method to two-nucleon systems with arbitrary angular momentum, spin, parity and center of mass momentum, iii) the application of such formalism in extracting the scattering parameters of the 3S1-3D1 coupled channels, iv) an investigation of twisted boundary conditions in the single- and two-hadron sectors, with proposals for improving the volume-dependence of the deuteron binding energy upon proper choices of boundary conditions, and v) exploring the volume dependence of the masses of hadrons and light-nuclei due to quantum electrodynamic interactions, including the effects arising from particles' compositeness. The required background as well as a brief status report of the field pertinent to the discussions in this thesis are presented.
Transversity from First Principles in QCD
Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins
2012-02-16
Transversity observables, such as the T-odd Sivers single-spin asymmetry measured in deep inelastic lepton scattering on polarized protons and the distributions which are measured in deeply virtual Compton scattering, provide important constraints on the fundamental quark and gluon structure of the proton. In this talk I discuss the challenge of computing these observables from first principles; i.e.; quantum chromodynamics, itself. A key step is the determination of the frame-independent light-front wavefunctions (LFWFs) of hadrons - the QCD eigensolutions which are analogs of the Schroedinger wavefunctions of atomic physics. The lensing effects of initial-state and final-state interactions, acting on LFWFs with different orbital angular momentum, lead to T-odd transversity observables such as the Sivers, Collins, and Boer-Mulders distributions. The lensing effect also leads to leading-twist phenomena which break leading-twist factorization such as the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions. A similar rescattering mechanism also leads to diffractive deep inelastic scattering, as well as nuclear shadowing and non-universal antishadowing. It is thus important to distinguish 'static' structure functions, the probability distributions computed the target hadron's light-front wavefunctions, versus 'dynamical' structure functions which include the effects of initial- and final-state rescattering. I also discuss related effects such as the J = 0 fixed pole contribution which appears in the real part of the virtual Compton amplitude. AdS/QCD, together with 'Light-Front Holography', provides a simple Lorentz-invariant color-confining approximation to QCD which is successful in accounting for light-quark meson and baryon spectroscopy as well as hadronic LFWFs.
Three-Field Potential for Soft-Wall AdS/QCD
Sean P. Bartz; Joseph I. Kapusta
2013-09-16
The AdS/CFT correspondence may offer new and useful insights into the non-perturbative regime of strongly coupled gauge theories such as Quantum Chromodynamics. Soft-wall AdS/QCD models have reproduced the linear trajectories of meson spectra by including background dilaton and chiral condensate fields. Efforts to derive these background fields from a scalar potential have so far been unsuccessful in satisfying the UV boundary conditions set by the AdS/CFT dictionary while reproducing the IR behavior needed to obtain the correct chiral symmetry breaking and meson spectra. We present a three-field scalar parametrization that includes the dilaton field and the chiral and glueball condensates. This model is consistent with linear trajectories for the meson spectra and the correct mass-splitting between the vector and axial-vector mesons. We also present the resulting meson trajectories.
Lattice QCD ensembles with four flavors of highly improved staggered quarks
The MILC Collaboration; A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. DeTar; W. Freeman; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. E. Hetrick; J. Komijani; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; J. Osborn; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water; Ran Zhou
2013-05-16
We present results from our simulations of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with four flavors of quarks: u, d, s, and c. These simulations are performed with a one-loop Symanzik improved gauge action, and the highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) action. We are generating gauge configurations with four values of the lattice spacing ranging from 0.06 fm to 0.15 fm, and three values of the light quark mass, including the value for which the Goldstone pion mass is equal to the physical pion mass. We discuss simulation algorithms, scale setting, taste symmetry breaking, and the autocorrelations of various quantities. We also present results for the topological susceptibility which demonstrate the improvement of the HISQ configurations relative to those generated earlier with the asqtad improved staggered action.
Matching effective few-nucleon theories to QCD
Johannes Kirscher
2015-09-25
The emergence of complex macroscopic phenomena from a small set of parameters and microscopic concepts demonstrates the power and beauty of physical theories. The wealth of data and peculiarities found in nuclei and the small number of parameters and symmetries of quantum chromodynamics are prominent examples for this conjecture. Decade-long research on computational physics and on effective field theories facilitate the assessment of the presumption that quark masses and strong and electromagnetic coupling constants suffice to parameterize the nuclear chart. By presenting the current status of that enterprise, this article touches the methodology of predicting nuclei by simulating the constituting quarks and the development of more appropriate representations of the fundamental theory. While the systems analyzed computationally so far are in close resemblance to those which intrigued experimentalists a century ago, they also test the theoretical understanding which was unavailable to guide the nuclear pioneers but developed since then. This understanding is shown to be deficient in terms of correlations amongst nuclear observables and their sensitivity to fundamental parameters. By reviewing the transition from one effective field theory to another, from QCD to pionful chiral theories to pionless and eventually to cluster theories, we identify some of those deficiencies and conceptual problems awaiting a solution before QCD can be identified as the high-energy theory from which the nuclear landscape emerges.
Hybrid meson decay from lattice QCD
Ziwen Fu
2012-09-10
Besides the conventional hadrons containing valence quarks and valence antiquarks, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) suggests the existence of the hybrid hadrons containing valence gluons in addition to the quarks and antiquarks, and some experiments may have found some. A decisive experimental confirmation of its existence, however, is still needed. At present, lattice simulations have offered the practicable ways of theoretically guiding us to search for the hybrid states. In this dissertation, we study the spectroscopy and the decay rate of the heavy hybrid mesons made of a heavy $b$ quark, a heavy $\\bar b$ antiquark, and a gluon ($b\\bar{b}g$) to selected channels, and use lattice methods to extract the transition matrix elements in full QCD. We are particular interested in the spin-exotic hybrid mesons. For sufficiently heavy quarks (e.g., $b$ quark), we use the leading Born-Oppenheimer (LBO) approximation to calculate the static potential energy at all $b\\bar{b}$ separations. Then, by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation with this potential, we reconstruct the motion of the heavy quarks. In a similar way we can determine decay rates. In this dissertation, we use the numerical lattice method to calculate the mass of the $f_0$ meson at a single lattice spacing and light quark mass, namely, $m_{f_0} = (768 \\pm 136)$ MeV. Most of all we consider the decay channels involving the production of a scalar meson. We obtain the partial decay rate ($\\Gamma$) for the channel $ H \\rightarrow \\chi_b + \\pi + \\pi $, namely, $ \\Gamma = 3.62(98)$ MeV. All of our results are consistent with those of other researchers. Knowledge of the masses and the decay rates should help us considerably in experimental searches for the hybrid mesons.
Contemporary continuum QCD approaches to excited hadrons
Bruno El-Bennich; Eduardo Rojas
2015-11-06
Amongst the bound states produced by the strong interaction, radially excited meson and nucleon states offer an important phenomenological window into the long-range behavior of the coupling constant in Quantum Chromodynamics. We here report on some technical details related to the computation of the bound state's eigenvalue spectrum in the framework of Bethe-Salpeter and Faddeev equations.
Contemporary continuum QCD approaches to excited hadrons
Bruno El-Bennich; Eduardo Rojas
2015-09-09
Amongst the bound states produced by the strong interaction, radially excited meson and nucleon states offer an important phenomenological window into the long-range behavior of the coupling constant in Quantum Chromodynamics. We here report on some technical details related to the computation of the bound state's eigenvalue spectrum in the framework of Bethe-Salpeter and Faddeev equations.
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of QCD as a function of the temperature calculated by the HotQCD collaboration. The equation of state of QCD is extracted from this data and used in the analysis of experimental...
Nuclear Forces from Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Martin J....
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
100 80 60 40 20 0 E MeV Monday, April 28, 2014 Deuteron and Helium 11 p r e l i m Monday, April 28, 2014 LQCD to EFT to Nuclei LQCD Nuclei for 800 MeV...
Light nuclei and hypernuclei from quantum chromodynamics in the...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
in the limit of SU(3) flavor symmetry Authors: Beane, S. R. ; Chang, E. ; Cohen, S. D. ; Detmold, W. ; Lin, H. W. ; Luu, T. C. ; Orginos, K. ; Parreo, A. ; Savage,...
Nuclear Forces from Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Martin J. Savage
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressure |CafÃ©sNuclear ExecutiveForces from
Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (SPI, mapping, site ordering, and QPX in
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journalspectroscopy of aerosols(TechnicalConnectpulse inLattice DesignLattice
QCD_{1+1} with Static Quarks as Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
M. Seeger; M. Thies
1998-02-09
We reexamine the solvable model problem of two static, fundamental quarks interacting with a SU(2) Yang-Mills field on a spatial circle, introduced by Engelhardt and Schreiber. If the quarks are at the same point, the model exhibits a quantum mechanical supersymmetry. At finite separation, the supersymmetry is explicitly broken in a way which naturally explains the geometrical nature of spectrum and state vectors of this system.
Michael Creutz
2006-10-05
One flavor QCD is a rather intriguing variation on the underlying theory of hadrons. In this case quantum anomalies remove all chiral symmetries. This paper discusses the qualitative behavior of this theory as a function of its basic parameters, exploring the non-trivial phase structure expected as these parameters are varied. Comments are made on the expected changes to this structure if the gauge group is made larger and the fermions are put into higher representations.
V. K. Henner; C. L. Davis; T. S. Belozerova
2015-06-12
The first part of our analysis uses the wavelet method to compare the Quantum Chromodynamic (QCD) prediction for the ratio of hadronic to muon cross sections in electron-positron collisions, $R$, with experimental data for $R$ over a center of mass energy range up to 7.5 GeV. A direct comparison of the raw experimental data and the QCD prediction is difficult because the data have a wide range of structures and large statistical errors and the QCD description contains sharp quark-antiquark thresholds. However, a meaningful comparison can be made if a type of "smearing" procedure is used to smooth out rapid variations in both the theoretical and experimental values of $R$. A wavelet analysis (WA) can be used to achieve this smearing effect. In the second part of the analysis we concentrate on the 3.0 - 6.0 GeV energy region containing the relatively wide charmonium resonances $\\psi(1^-)$. We use the wavelet methodology to distinguish these resonances from experimental noise, background and from each other, and are thus able to determine more reliably the parameters of these states. These two analyses are examples of the usefulness of WA in extracting information in a model independent way from high energy physics data.
Robi Peschanski
2006-10-02
When quarks and gluons are led to form a dense medium, like in high energy or/and heavy-ion collisions, it is interesting to ask the question which are the relevant degrees of freedom that Quantum Chromodynamics predict. The present notes correspond to two lectures given at Zakopane in the (rainy) summer of 2006, where this question is adressed concretely in two cases, one in the regime of weak coupling, the other one at strong coupling. Each case corresponds to the study of a dynamically important transient phase of quarks and gluons expected to appear from Quantum Chromodynamics. In lecture I, we examine the dynamical phase space of gluon transverse momenta near the so-called ``saturation'' phase including its fluctuation pattern. In lecture II, we study the dynamics of strongly interacting gauge-theory matter (modelling quark-gluon plasma) using the AdS/CFT duality between gauge field theory at strong coupling and a gravitational background in Anti-de Sitter space.
QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15
Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.
1999-03-20
The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.
Thomas Gehrmann
2010-07-28
In this talk, I review recent developments in perturbative QCD and their applications to collider physics.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.
2012-03-21
In this study, we present the first comprehensive study of hybrid baryons using lattice QCD methods. Using a large basis of composite QCD interpolating fields we extract an extensive spectrum of baryon states and isolate those of hybrid character using their relatively large overlap onto operators which sample gluonic excitations. We consider the spectrum of Nucleon and Delta states at several quark masses finding a set of positive parity hybrid baryons with quantum numbers $N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{3/2^+},\\, N_{3/2^+},\\,N_{5/2^+},\\,$ and $\\Delta_{1/2^+},\\, \\Delta_{3/2^+}$ at an energy scale above the first band of `conventional' excited positive parity baryons. This pattern of states is compatible withmore »a color octet gluonic excitation having $J^{P}=1^{+}$ as previously reported in the hybrid meson sector and with a comparable energy scale for the excitation, suggesting a common bound-state construction for hybrid mesons and baryons.« less
Z. Fodor
2007-11-02
Recent results on QCD thermodynamics are presented. The nature of the T>0 transition is determined, which turns out to be an analytic cross-over. The absolute scale for this transition is calculated. The temperature dependent static potential is given. The results were obtained by using a Symanzik improved gauge and stout-link improved fermionic action. In order to approach the continuum limit four different sets of lattice spacings were used with temporal extensions N_t=4, 6, 8 and 10 (they correspond to lattice spacings a \\sim 0.3, 0.2, 0.15 and 0.12 fm). A new technique is presented, which --in contrast to earlier methods-- enables one to determine the equation of state at very large temperatures.
Jacopo Bechi
2009-09-25
This paper focuses on some issues about condensates and renormalization in AdS/QCD models. In particular we consider the consistency of the AdS/QCD approach for scale dependent quantities as the chiral condensate questioned in some recent papers and the 4D meaning of the 5D cosmological constant in a model in which the QCD is dual to a 5D gravity theory. We will be able to give some arguments that the cosmological constant is related to the QCD gluon condensate.
Book Review: Tian Yu Cao, From Current Algebra to Quantum Chromodynamics: A Case
Wüthrich, Christian
the best theory of the strong nuclear force and the hadrons it governs, such as the protons and neutrons, a diffractive production process, incoherent scattering, a deep inelastic scattering process, the gauge
Murray Gell-Mann, the Eightfold Way, Quarks, and Quantum Chromodynamic...
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including natural history, historical linguistics, archaeology, history, depth psychology, and creative thinking... . His recent research at the Santa Fe Institute has...
QCDOC -Quantum Chromodynamics on a Chip at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe23-24, 2011 HighMayOctoberPrincetonProgrammingPuerto
Murray Gell-Mann, the Eightfold Way, Quarks, and Quantum Chromodynamics
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: AchievementsTemperatures Year 6 -FINALEnergy, Office(TechnicalReactive
Matching NLO QCD computations and parton shower simulations.
Frixione, Stefano; Webber, Bryan R
Research Council and by the EU Fourth Framework Programme ‘Training and Mobility of Researchers’, Network ‘Quantum Chromodynamics and the Deep Structure of Elementary Particles’, contract FMRX-CT98-0194 (DG 12 - MIHT). †On leave of absence from INFN, Sez... suggests the following procedure: • Pick at random 0 ? x ? 1. • Generate an MC event with xM(x) as maximum energy available to the photon in the first branching; attach to this event the weight wEV = aR(x)/x. 9 • Generate another MC event (a “counter...
B R Webber
1994-10-12
The current status of the QCD coupling constant $\\alpha_S$ and experimental and theoretical studies of hadronic jets are reviewed.
QCD Evolution Workshop: Introduction
Alexei Prokudin
2012-10-15
The introduction talk given at the beginning of QCD Evolution workshop held in Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) on May 14 -17, 2012.
U. van Kolck
2008-12-20
Effective field theories provide a bridge between QCD and nuclear physics. I discuss light nuclei from this perspective, emphasizing the role of fine-tuning.
QCD PHASE TRANSITIONS-VOLUME 15.
SCHAFER,T.
1998-11-04
The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some. efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.
Weyl symmetric structure of QCD vacuum
Y. M. Cho; D. G. Pak; P. M. Zhang; L. P. Zou
2012-09-12
We consider Weyl symmetric structure of the classical vacuum in quantum chromodynamics. In the framework of formalism of gauge invariant Abelian projection we show that classical vacuums can be constructed in terms of Killing vector fields on the group SU(3). Consequently, homotopic classes of Killing vector fields determine the topological structure of the vacuum. In particular, the second homotopy group \\pi_2(SU(3)/U(1)\\times U(1)) describes all topologically non-equivalent vacuums which are classified by two topological numbers. For each given Killing vector field one can construct six vacuums forming Weyl sextet representation. An interesting feature of SU(3) gauge theory is that it admits a Weyl symmetric vacuum represented by a linear superposition of the six vacuums from the Weyl vacuum sextet. A non-trivial manifestation of Weyl symmetry is demonstrated on monopole solutions. We construct a family of finite energy monopole solutions in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory which includes Weyl monopole sextet. From the analysis of the classical vacuum structure and monopole solutions we conjecture that a similar Weyl symmetric vacuum structure can be realized in quantum theory.
Nuclear Physics from Lattice QCD
Martin J. Savage
2011-10-26
I review recent progress in the development of Lattice QCD into a calculational tool for nuclear physics. Lattice QCD is currently the only known way of solving QCD in the low-energy regime, and it promises to provide a solid foundation for the structure and interactions of nuclei directly from QCD.
Modified Anti-de-Sitter Metric, Light-Front Quantized QCD, and...
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Modified Anti-de-Sitter Metric, Light-Front Quantized QCD, and Conformal Quantum Mechanics Dosch, Hans Gunter; U. Heidelberg, ITP; Brodsky, Stanley J.; SLAC; de Teramond, Guy F.;...
Modified Anti-de-Sitter Metric, Light-Front Quantized QCD, and...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Modified Anti-de-Sitter Metric, Light-Front Quantized QCD, and Conformal Quantum Mechanics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Modified Anti-de-Sitter Metric, Light-Front...
Inhomogeneous color superconductivity and the cooling of compact stars
M. Ruggieri
2007-04-13
In this talk I discuss the inhomogeneous (LOFF) color superconductive phases of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, I show the effect of a core of LOFF phase on the cooling of a compact star.
Radiation Hard Hybrid Pixel Detectors, and a bbbar Cross Section Measurement at the CMS Experiment
Sibille, Jennifer Ann
2013-05-31
Measurements of heavy flavor quark production at hadron colliders provide a good test of the perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) theory. It is also essential to have a good understanding of the heavy quark production ...
From gauge-string duality to strong interactions: a Pedestrian's Guide
Steven S. Gubser; Andreas Karch
2009-05-27
We survey recent progress in understanding the relation of string theory to quantum chromodynamics, focusing on holographic models of gauge theories similar to QCD and applications to heavy-ion collisions.
Jet quenching in heavy-ion collisions at LHC with CMS detector
Yilmaz, Yetkin
2013-01-01
The collision of highly relativistic nuclei can produce a volume of high energy density which can be used to learn about the behavior of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at extreme conditions, such as those of the universe at ...
Initial Conditions from Color Glass Condensate
Chen, Guangyao
2013-08-06
Nuclei at very high energy, characterized by a saturation scale, can be described by an e?ective theory of Quantum ChromoDynamics (QCD) called Color Glass Condensates. The earliest phase of the collision of two nuclei is ...
I. G. Knowles; T. Sjostrand; A. Blondel; A. Boehrer; C. D. Buchanan; D. G. Charlton; S. -L. Chu; S. Chun; G. Dissertori; D. Duchesneau; J. W. Gary; M. Gibbs; A. Grefrath; G. Gustafson; J. Hakkinen; K. Hamacher; K. Kato; L. Lonnblad; W. Metzger; R. Moller; T. Munehisa; R. Odorico; Y. Pei; G. Rudolph; S. Sarkar; M. H. Seymour; J. C. Thompson; S. Todorova; B. R. Webber
1996-01-04
This report is a survey on QCD Event Generator issues of relevance for LEP 2. It contains four main sections: a summary of experience from LEP 1, extrapolations to LEP 2 energies, Monte Carlo descriptions and standardization issues.
Combinatorics of Lattice QCD at Strong Coupling
Wolfgang Unger
2014-11-17
Thermodynamics in the strong coupling limit of lattice QCD has features which may be similar to those of continuum QCD, such as a chiral critical end point and a nuclear liquid gas transition. Here I compare the combinatorics of staggered and Wilson fermions in the strong coupling limit for arbitrary number of colors and flavors. The partition functions can be considered as an expansions in hadronic spatial hoppings from the static limit, where both discretizations can be expressed via formulae with coefficients of distinct combinatorial interpretation. The corresponding multiplicites of hadronic states are evaluated using generalizations of Catalan numbers and Lucas polynomials. I outline how quantum Monte Carlo simulations can be carried out in general, and summarize recent results on the gauge corrections to the strong coupling limit.
Matching Hagedorn mass spectrum with Lattice QCD
Lo, Pok Man; Redlich, Krzysztof; Sasaki, Chihiro
2015-01-01
Based on recent Lattice QCD (LQCD) results obtained at finite temperature, we discuss modeling of the hadronic phase of QCD in the framework of Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) with discrete and continuous mass spectra. We focus on fluctuations of conserved charges, and show how a common limiting temperature can be used to constrain the Hagedorn exponential mass spectrum in different sectors of quantum number, through a matching of HRG and LQCD. For strange baryons, the extracted spectra are found to be consistent with all known and expected states listed by the Particle Data Group (PDG). The strange-mesonic sector, however, requires additional states in the intermediate mass range beyond that embodied in the database.
Matching Hagedorn mass spectrum with Lattice QCD
Pok Man Lo; Micha? Marczenko; Krzysztof Redlich; Chihiro Sasaki
2015-07-23
Based on recent Lattice QCD (LQCD) results obtained at finite temperature, we discuss modeling of the hadronic phase of QCD in the framework of Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) with discrete and continuous mass spectra. We focus on fluctuations of conserved charges, and show how a common limiting temperature can be used to constrain the Hagedorn exponential mass spectrum in different sectors of quantum number, through a matching of HRG and LQCD. For strange baryons, the extracted spectra are found to be consistent with all known and expected states listed by the Particle Data Group (PDG). The strange-mesonic sector, however, requires additional states in the intermediate mass range beyond that embodied in the database.
Variational perturbation theory and nonperturbative calculations in QCD
Solovtsova, O. P.
2013-10-15
A nonperturbative approach based on the variational perturbation theory in quantum chromodynamics is developed. The variational series is different from the conventional perturbative expansion and can be used to go beyond the weak-coupling regime. The approach suggested takes into account the summation of threshold singularities and the involvement of nonperturbative light quark masses. Phenomenological applications of this approach to describe physical quantities connected with the hadronic {tau}-decay data: the R{sub {tau}} ratio, the light-quark Adler function, and the smeared R{sub {Delta}} function are presented. The description of examined quantities includes an infrared region and, therefore, they cannot be directly calculated within the standard perturbation theory. It is shown that in spite of this fact the approach suggested gives a rather good result for these quantities down to the lowest energy scale.
Multigrid Preconditioning for the Overlap Operator in Lattice QCD
James Brannick; Andreas Frommer; Karsten Kahl; Björn Leder; Matthias Rottmann; Artur Strebel
2014-10-27
The overlap operator is a lattice discretization of the Dirac operator of quantum chromodynamics, the fundamental physical theory of the strong interaction between the quarks. As opposed to other discretizations it preserves the important physical property of chiral symmetry, at the expense of requiring much more effort when solving systems with this operator. We present a preconditioning technique based on another lattice discretization, the Wilson-Dirac operator. The mathematical analysis precisely describes the effect of this preconditioning in the case that the Wilson-Dirac operator is normal. Although this is not exactly the case in realistic settings, we show that current smearing techniques indeed drive the Wilson-Dirac operator towards normality, thus providing a motivation why our preconditioner works well in computational practice. Results of numerical experiments in physically relevant settings show that our preconditioning yields accelerations of up to one order of magnitude.
Baryon Transition in Holographic QCD
Si-wen Li
2015-09-24
We propose a mechanism of holographic baryon transition in the Sakai-Sugimoto (SS) model: baryons in this model can jump to different states under the mediated effect of gravitons (or glueballs by holography). We consider a time-dependent gravitational perturbation from M5-brane solution of D=11 supergravity and by employing the relations between 11D M-theory and IIA string theory, we get its 10 dimensional counterpart in the SS model. Such a perturbation is received by the D4-branes wrapped on the $S^{4}$ part of the 10D background, namely the baryon vertex. Technically, baryons in the SS model are described by BPST instanton ansatz and their dynamics can be analyzed using the quantum mechanical system in the instanton's moduli space. In this way, different baryonic states are marked by quantum numbers of moduli space quantum mechanics. By holographic spirit, the gravitational perturbation enters the Hamiltonian as a time-dependent perturbation and it is this time-dependent perturbative Hamiltonian produces the transition between different baryonic states. We calculate the transition probability and get the selection rule and also compute the condition for baryon transition and give the possible transition processes in the limit $\\omega\\gg\\left|\\vec{k}\\right|^{2}$. Since in 10D language, the fluctuation from 11D metric are the perturbation of 10D metric and dilaton which are the modes carried by close strings, thus from the string theory point of view, our proposition can be accounted as the baryonic D4 brane jumps to different states by emitting or absorbing close strings coming from the bulk. In the viewpoints of QCD, it could be interpreted as that baryons transform to different states by interacting with glueballs as a low energy effective theory.
Fourier analysis of the flux-tube distribution in SU(3) lattice QCD
Arata Yamamoto
2010-04-16
This letter presents a novel analysis of the action/energy density distribution around a static quark-antiquark pair in SU(3) lattice quantum chromodynamics. Using the Fourier transformation of the link variable, we remove the high-momentum gluon and extract the flux-tube component from the action/energy density. When the high-momentum gluon is removed, the statistical fluctuation is drastically suppressed, and the singularities from the quark self-energy disappear. The obtained flux-tube component is broadly distributed around the line connecting the quark and the antiquark.
Determination of alpha_s from the QCD static energy: an update
Alexei Bazavov; Nora Brambilla; Xavier Garcia i Tormo; Peter Petreczky; Joan Soto; Antonio Vairo
2014-11-04
We present an update of our determination of the strong coupling alpha_s from the quantum chromodynamics static energy. This updated analysis includes new lattice data, at smaller lattice spacings and reaching shorter distances, the use of better suited perturbative expressions to compare with data in a wider distance range, and a comprehensive and detailed estimate of the error sources that contribute to the uncertainty of the final result. Our updated value for alpha_s at the Z-mass scale, M_Z, is alpha_s(M_Z)=0.1166^{+0.0012}_{-0.0008}, which supersedes our previous result.
Seymour, M.H.
1996-02-01
Many analyses at the collider utilize the hadronic jets that are the footprints of QCD partons. These are used both to study the QCD processes themselves and increasingly as tools to study other physics, for example top mass reconstruction. However, jets are not fundamental degrees of freedom in the theory, so we need an {ital operational} {ital jet} {ital definition} and {ital reliable} {ital methods} {ital to} {ital calculate} {ital their} {ital properties}. This talk covers both of these important areas of jet physics. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}
A lattice QCD study of generalized gluelumps
Kristen Marsh; Randy Lewis
2014-01-09
Proposals for physics beyond the standard model often include new colored particles at or beyond the scale of electroweak symmetry breaking. Any new particle with a sufficient lifetime will bind with standard model gluons and quarks to form a spectrum of new hadrons. Here we focus on colored particles in the octet, decuplet, 27-plet, 28-plet and 35-plet representations of SU(3) color because these can form hadrons without valence quarks. In every case, lattice creation operators are constructed for all angular momentum, parity and charge conjugation quantum numbers. Computations with fully-dynamical lattice QCD configurations produce numerical results for mass splittings within this new hadron spectrum. A previous quenched lattice study explored the octet case for certain quantum number choices, and our findings provide a reassessment of those early results.
Infrared freezing of Euclidean observables and analyticity in perturbative QCD
Irinel Caprini; Jan Fischer
2006-12-21
The renormalization-group improved finite order expansions of the QCD observables have an unphysical singularity in the Euclidean region, due to the Landau pole of the running coupling. Recently it was claimed that, by using a modified Borel representation, the leading one-chain term in a skeleton expansion of the Euclidean QCD observables is finite and continuous across the Landau pole, and then exhibits an infrared freezing behaviour, vanishing at $Q^2=0$. In the present paper we show, using for illustration the Adler-${\\cal D}$ function, that the above Borel prescription violates the causality properties expressed by energy-plane analyticity: the function ${\\cal D}(Q^2)$ thus defined is the boundary value of a piecewise analytic function in the complex plane, instead of being a standard analytic function. So, the price to be paid for the infrared freezing of Euclidean QCD observables is the loss of a fundamental property of local quantum field theory.
Gupta, R.
1998-12-31
The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author`s charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations.
Feryal Ozel; Dimitrios Psaltis; Scott Ransom; Paul Demorest; Mark Alford
2010-10-27
The recent measurement of the Shapiro delay in the radio pulsar PSR J1614-2230 yielded a mass of 1.97 +/- 0.04 M_sun, making it the most massive pulsar known to date. Its mass is high enough that, even without an accompanying measurement of the stellar radius, it has a strong impact on our understanding of nuclear matter, gamma-ray bursts, and the generation of gravitational waves from coalescing neutron stars. This single high mass value indicates that a transition to quark matter in neutron-star cores can occur at densities comparable to the nuclear saturation density only if the quarks are strongly interacting and are color superconducting. We further show that a high maximum neutron-star mass is required if short duration gamma-ray bursts are powered by coalescing neutron stars and, therefore, this mechanism becomes viable in the light of the recent measurement. Finally, we argue that the low-frequency (<= 500 Hz) gravitational waves emitted during the final stages of neutron-star coalescence encode the properties of the equation of state because neutron stars consistent with this measurement cannot be centrally condensed. This will facilitate the measurement of the neutron star equation of state with Advanced LIGO/Virgo.
Bryan R. Webber
2010-09-29
I discuss the calculation of QCD jet rates in e+e- annihilation as a testing ground for parton shower simulations and jet finding algorithms.
Renormalization of Extended QCD$_2$
Hidenori Fukaya; Ryo Yamamura
2015-09-10
Extended QCD (XQCD) proposed by Kaplan [1] is an interesting reformulation of QCD with additional bosonic auxiliary fields. While its partition function is kept exactly the same as that of original QCD, XQCD naturally contains properties of low energy hadronic models. We analyze the renormalization group flow of two-dimensional (X)QCD, which is solvable in the limit of large number of colors Nc, to understand what kind of roles the auxiliary degrees of freedom play and how the hadronic picture emerges in the low energy region.
QCD coupling constants and VDM
Erkol, G.; Ozpineci, A.; Zamiralov, V. S.
2012-10-23
QCD sum rules for coupling constants of vector mesons with baryons are constructed. The corresponding QCD sum rules for electric charges and magnetic moments are also derived and with the use of vector-meson-dominance model related to the coupling constants. The VDM role as the criterium of reciprocal validity of the sum rules is considered.
Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Lattice QCD
D. K. Sinclair
2007-02-03
Lattice QCD allows us to simulate QCD at non-zero temperature and/or densities. Such equilibrium thermodynamics calculations are relevant to the physics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. I give a brief review of the field with emphasis on our work.
John B. Kogut
2002-08-30
I review present challenges that QCD in extreme environments presents to lattice gauge theory. Recent data and impressions from RHIC are emphasized. Physical pictures of heavy ion wavefunctions, collisions and the generation of the Quark Gluon Plasma are discussed, with an eye toward engaging the lattice and its numerical methods in more interaction with the experimental and phenomenological developments. Controversial, but stimulating scenarios which can be confirmed or dismissed by lattice methods are covered. In the second half of the talk, several promising developments presented at the conference Lattice 2002 are reviewed.
None
2011-10-06
Modern QCD - Lecture 1 Starting from the QCD Lagrangian we will revisit some basic QCD concepts and derive fundamental properties like gauge invariance and isospin symmetry and will discuss the Feynman rules of the theory. We will then focus on the gauge group of QCD and derive the Casimirs CF and CA and some useful color identities.
New Perspectives for QCD Physics at the LHC
Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Stanford U. /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins
2011-02-07
I review a number of topics where conventional wisdom relevant to hadron physics at the LHC has been challenged. For example, the initial-state and final-state interactions of the quarks and gluons entering perturbative QCD hard-scattering subprocesses lead to the breakdown of traditional concepts of factorization and universality for transverse-momentum-dependent observables at leading twist. These soft-gluon rescattering effect produce single-spin asymmetries, the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions, as well as diffractive deep inelastic scattering, The antishadowing of nuclear structure functions is predicted to depend on the flavor quantum numbers of each quark and antiquark. Isolated hadrons can be produced at large transverse momentum directly within a hard higher-twist QCD subprocess, rather than from jet fragmentation, even at the LHC. Such 'direct' processes can explain the observed deviations from pQCD predictions of the power-law fall-off of inclusive hadron cross sections as well as the 'baryon anomaly' seen in high-centrality heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. The intrinsic charm contribution to the proton structure function at high x can explain the large rate for high p{sub T} photon plus charm-jet events observed at the Tevatron and imply a large production rate for charm and bottom jets at high p{sub T} at the LHC, as well as a novel mechanism for Higgs and Z{sup 0} production at high x{sub F}. The light-front wavefunctions derived in AdS/QCD can be used to calculate jet hadronization at the amplitude level. The elimination of the renormalization scale ambiguity for the QCD coupling using the scheme-independent BLM method will increase the sensitivity of searches for new physics at the LHC. The implications of 'in-hadron condensates' for the QCD contribution to the cosmological constant are also discussed.
Spin and Resonant States in QCD
Kirchbach, M
2003-01-01
I make the case that the nucleon excitations do not exist as isolated higher spin states but are fully absorbed by (K/2,K/2)x [(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] multiplets taking their origin from the rotational and vibrational excitations of an underlying quark--diquark string. The Delta(1232) spectrum presents itself as the exact replica (up to Delta (1600)) of the nucleon spectrum with the K- clusters being shifted upward by about 200 MeV. QCD inspired arguments support legitimacy of the quark-diquark string. The above K multiplets can be mapped (up to form-factors) onto Lorentz group representation spaces of the type \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K}, thus guaranteeing covariant description of resonant states. The quantum \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K} states are of multiple spins at rest, and of undetermined spins elsewhere.
Nuclear Forces from Lattice QCD
T. Hatsuda
2009-09-30
A method to extract nucleon-nucleon (NN) potentials from the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude in lattice QCD is presented. It is applied to the two nucleons on the lattice with quenched QCD simulations. By disentangling the mixing between the S-state and the D-state, we obtain central and tensor potentials in the leading order of the velocity expansion of the non-local NN potential. The spatial structure, the quark mass dependence and the velocity dependence of the NN potential are analyzed. Preliminary result in (2+1)-flavor QCD simulations is also shown.
Excited Baryons in Holographic QCD
de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins
2011-11-08
The light-front holographic QCD approach is used to describe baryon spectroscopy and the systematics of nucleon transition form factors. Baryon spectroscopy and the excitation dynamics of nucleon resonances encoded in the nucleon transition form factors can provide fundamental insight into the strong-coupling dynamics of QCD. The transition from the hard-scattering perturbative domain to the non-perturbative region is sensitive to the detailed dynamics of confined quarks and gluons. Computations of such phenomena from first principles in QCD are clearly very challenging. The most successful theoretical approach thus far has been to quantize QCD on discrete lattices in Euclidean space-time; however, dynamical observables in Minkowski space-time, such as the time-like hadronic form factors are not amenable to Euclidean numerical lattice computations.
Cheng, M.; Christ, N. H.; Mawhinney, R. D. [Physics Department, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Datta, S.; Jung, C.; Schmidt, C.; Umeda, T. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Heide, J. van der; Kaczmarek, O.; Laermann, E.; Miao, C. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Bielefeld, D-33615 Bielefeld (Germany); Karsch, F. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Bielefeld, D-33615 Bielefeld (Germany); Petreczky, P. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); RIKEN-BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Petrov, K. [Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)
2006-09-01
We present a detailed calculation of the transition temperature in QCD with two light and one heavier (strange) quark mass on lattices with temporal extent N{sub {tau}}=4 and 6. Calculations with improved staggered fermions have been performed for various light to strange quark mass ratios in the range, 0.05{<=}m-circumflex{sub l}/m-circumflex{sub s}{<=}0.5, and with a strange quark mass fixed close to its physical value. From a combined extrapolation to the chiral (m-circumflex{sub l}{yields}0) and continuum (aT{identical_to}1/N{sub {tau}}{yields}0) limits we find for the transition temperature at the physical point T{sub c}r{sub 0}=0.457(7) where the scale is set by the Sommer-scale parameter r{sub 0} defined as the distance in the static quark potential at which the slope takes on the value (dV{sub qq}(r)/dr){sub r=r{sub 0}}=1.65/r{sub 0}{sup 2}. Using the currently best known value for r{sub 0} this translates to a transition temperature T{sub c}=192(7)(4) MeV. The transition temperature in the chiral limit is about 3% smaller. We discuss current ambiguities in the determination of T{sub c} in physical units and also comment on the universal scaling behavior of thermodynamic quantities in the chiral limit.
anQCD: Fortran programs for couplings at complex momenta in various analytic QCD models
Ayala, Cesar
2015-01-01
We provide three Fortran programs which evaluate the QCD analytic (holomorphic) couplings $\\mathcal{A}_{\
mc4qcd: Online Analysis Tool for Lattice QCD
Massimo Di Pierro; Yaoqian Zhong; Brian Schinazi
2010-05-19
mc4qcd is a web based collaboration tool for analysis of Lattice QCD data. Lattice QCD computations consists of a large scale Markov Chain Monte Carlo. Multiple measurements are performed at each MC step. Our system acquires the data by uploading log files, parses them for results of measurements, filters the data, mines for required information by aggregating results, represents the results as plots and histograms, and it further allows refining and interaction by fitting the results. The system computes moving averages and autocorrelations, builds bootstrap samples and bootstrap errors, and allows modeling the data using Bayesian correlated constrained linear and non-linear fits. It can be scripted to allow real time visualization of results form an ongoing computation. The system is modular and it can be adapted to automating the analysis workflow of different types of MC computations.
Low-energy QCD and hadronic structure
Wolfram Weise
2009-05-29
Recent developments and selected topics in low-energy QCD are summarized, from chiral effective field theory to systems with strange and charm quarks, from lattice QCD to precision experiments.
QCD Thermodynamics on the Lattice: Recent Results
Carleton DeTar
2010-12-31
I give a brief introduction to the goals, challenges, and technical difficulties of lattice QCD thermodynamics and present some recent results from the HotQCD collaboration for the crossover temperature, equation of state, and other observables.
Understanding Parton Distributions from Lattice QCD
Dru B. Renner
2005-08-04
I examine the past lattice QCD calculations of three representative observables, the transverse quark distribution, momentum fraction, and axial charge, and emphasize the prospects for not only quantitative comparison with experiment but also qualitative understanding of QCD.
Generalized Parton Distributions from Lattice QCD
D. B. Renner
2005-01-05
I review the LHPC Collaboration's lattice QCD calculations of the generalized parton distributions of the nucleon and highlight those aspects of nucleon structure best illuminated by lattice QCD, the nucleon's spin decomposition and transverse quark structure.
Lattice QCD with Domain Decomposition on Intel Xeon Phi Co-Processors
Heybrock, Simon; Joo, Balint; Kalamkar, Dhiraj D.; Smelyanskiy, Mikhail; Vaidyanathan, Karthikeyan; Wettig, Tilo; Dubey, Pradeep
2014-12-01
The gap between the cost of moving data and the cost of computing continues to grow, making it ever harder to design iterative solvers on extreme-scale architectures. This problem can be alleviated by alternative algorithms that reduce the amount of data movement. We investigate this in the context of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics and implement such an alternative solver algorithm, based on domain decomposition, on Intel Xeon Phi co-processor (KNC) clusters. We demonstrate close-to-linear on-chip scaling to all 60 cores of the KNC. With a mix of single- and half-precision the domain-decomposition method sustains 400-500 Gflop/s per chip. Compared to an optimized KNC implementation of a standard solver [1], our full multi-node domain-decomposition solver strong-scales to more nodes and reduces the time-to-solution by a factor of 5.
Lattice QCD with Domain Decomposition on Intel Xeon Phi Co-Processors
Simon Heybrock; Bálint Joó; Dhiraj D. Kalamkar; Mikhail Smelyanskiy; Karthikeyan Vaidyanathan; Tilo Wettig; Pradeep Dubey
2014-12-08
The gap between the cost of moving data and the cost of computing continues to grow, making it ever harder to design iterative solvers on extreme-scale architectures. This problem can be alleviated by alternative algorithms that reduce the amount of data movement. We investigate this in the context of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics and implement such an alternative solver algorithm, based on domain decomposition, on Intel Xeon Phi co-processor (KNC) clusters. We demonstrate close-to-linear on-chip scaling to all 60 cores of the KNC. With a mix of single- and half-precision the domain-decomposition method sustains 400-500 Gflop/s per chip. Compared to an optimized KNC implementation of a standard solver [1], our full multi-node domain-decomposition solver strong-scales to more nodes and reduces the time-to-solution by a factor of 5.
Spectral density of the Dirac operator in two-flavour QCD
Georg P. Engel; Leonardo Giusti; Stefano Lottini; Rainer Sommer
2014-11-24
We compute the spectral density of the (Hermitean) Dirac operator in Quantum Chromodynamics with two light degenerate quarks near the origin. We use CLS/ALPHA lattices generated with two flavours of O(a)-improved Wilson fermions corresponding to pseudoscalar meson masses down to 190 MeV, and with spacings in the range 0.05-0.08 fm. Thanks to the coverage of parameter space, we can extrapolate our data to the chiral and continuum limits with confidence. The results show that the spectral density at the origin is non-zero because the low modes of the Dirac operator do condense as expected in the Banks-Casher mechanism. Within errors, the spectral density turns out to be a constant function up to eigenvalues of approximately 80 MeV. Its value agrees with the one extracted from the Gell-Mann-Oakes-Renner relation.
Joshua Erlich
2008-12-29
AdS/QCD is an extra-dimensional approach to modeling the light hadronic resonances in QCD. AdS/QCD models are generally successful at reproducing low-energy observables with around 10-20% accuracy, depending on the details of the model. We discuss the motivation for these models, their intrinsic limitations, and some recent results.
Applications of chiral perturbation theory to lattice QCD
Maarten Golterman
2010-05-06
These notes contain the written version of lectures given at the 2009 Les Houches Summer School "Modern perspectives in lattice QCD: Quantum field theory and high performance computing." The goal is to provide a pedagogical introduction to the subject, and not a comprehensive review. Topics covered include a general introduction, the inclusion of scaling violations in chiral perturbation theory, partial quenching and mixed actions, chiral perturbation theory with heavy kaons, and the effects of finite volume, both in the p- and epsilon-regimes.
Supersymmetric QCD corrections to the top quark decay of a heavy charged higgs boson
Ricardo A. Jimenez; Joan Sola
1996-10-24
The supersymmetric QCD corrections to the hadronic width of a heavy charged Higgs boson, basically dominated by the top-quark decay mode $H^{+}\\rightarrow t \\bar{b}$, are evaluated at ${\\cal O}(\\alpha_s)$ within the MSSM and compared with the standard QCD corrections. The study of such quantum effects, which turn out to be rather large, is essential to understand the hypothetical supersymmetric nature of a heavy charged Higgs boson potentially produced in the near future at the Tevatron and/or at the LHC.
Rotor spectra, berry phases, and monopole fields: From antiferromagnets to QCD
Chandrasekharan, S.; Jiang, F.-J.; Wiese, U.-J.; Pepe, M.
2008-10-01
The order parameter of a finite system with a spontaneously broken continuous global symmetry acts as a quantum mechanical rotor. Both antiferromagnets with a spontaneously broken SU(2){sub s} spin symmetry and massless QCD with a broken SU(2){sub L}xSU(2){sub R} chiral symmetry have rotor spectra when considered in a finite volume. When an electron or hole is doped into an antiferromagnet or when a nucleon is propagating through the QCD vacuum, a Berry phase arises from a monopole field and the angular momentum of the rotor is quantized in half-integer units.
Basics of QCD Perturbation Theory
Davison E. Soper
1997-01-31
This is an introduction to the use of QCD perturbation theory, emphasizing generic features of the theory that enable one to separate short-time and long-time effects. I also cover some important classes of applications: electron-positron annihilation to hadrons, deeply inelastic scattering, and hard processes in hadron-hadron collisions.
Thomas D. Cohen
2010-03-15
It is shown that large Nc QCD must have a Hagedorn spectrum (i.e. a spectrum of hadron which grows exponentially with the hadrons mass) provided that certain technical assumptions concerning the applicability of perturbation theory to a certain class of correlation functions apply. The basic argument exploits the interplay of confinement and asymptotic freedom.
mathematical similarity to quantum electrodynamics (QED), the theory that successfully explains electromagnetic," established quantum chromodynamics (QCD) as the correct theory of the strong nuclear force, one of the four fundamental forces in Nature. At the time of the discovery, Wilczek was a 21-year-old graduate student working
FermiQCD: A tool kit for parallel lattice QCD applications
Massimo Di Pierro
2001-10-15
We present here the most recent version of FermiQCD, a collection of C++ classes, functions and parallel algorithms for lattice QCD, based on Matrix Distributed Processing. FermiQCD allows fast development of parallel lattice applications and includes some SSE2 optimizations for clusters of Pentium 4 PCs.
None
2011-10-06
Modern QCD - Lecture 2 We will start discussing the matter content of the theory and revisit the experimental measurements that led to the discovery of quarks. We will then consider a classic QCD observable, the R-ratio, and use it to illustrate the appearance of UV divergences and the need to renormalize the coupling constant of QCD. We will then discuss asymptotic freedom and confinement. Finally, we will examine a case where soft and collinear infrared divergences appear, will discuss the soft approximation in QCD and will introduce the concept of infrared safe jets.
Combining QCD and electroweak corrections to dilepton production...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Combining QCD and electroweak corrections to dilepton production in the framework of the FEWZ simulation code Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Combining QCD and...
Light-Front Holographic QCD and Emerging Confinement
Stanley J. Brodsky; Guy F. de Teramond; Hans Gunter Dosch; Joshua Erlich
2015-02-13
In this report we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here gives a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound states in physical space-time. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large $q^2$ the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low $q^2$ the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.
Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement
Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.; Dosch, Hans Günter; Erlich, Joshua
2015-05-21
In this study we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q^{2} the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q^{2} the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.
Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.; Dosch, Hans Günter; Erlich, Joshua
2015-05-21
In this study we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. Themore »light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q2 the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q2 the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.« less
INTERFACE of QCD and NUCLEAR PHYSICS
Weise, Wolfram
NUCLEAR MATTER and NUCLEI Low-Energy Expansion: CHIRAL PERTURBATION THEORY 1 GeV #12;2. Nuclear ForcesINTERFACE of QCD and NUCLEAR PHYSICS Wolfram Weise Confinement8 Mainz 5 September 2008 Low-Energy QCD and CHIRAL SYMMETRY Nuclear Forces in the context of CHIRAL EFFECTIVE FIELD THEORY Nuclear Matter
Thermodynamics for two flavor QCD
C. Bernard; T. Blum; C. E. DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. E. Hetrick; L. Karkkainen; C. McNeile; K. Rummukainen; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; M. Wingate
1996-08-06
We conclude our analysis of the N_t=6 equation of state for two flavor QCD, first described at last year's conference. We have obtained new runs at am_q=0.025 and improved runs at am_q=0.0125. The results are extrapolated to m_q=0, and we extract the speed of sound as well. We also present evidence for a restoration of the SU(2) X SU(2) chiral symmetry just above the crossover, but not of the axial U(1) chiral symmetry.
QCD Thermodynamics with Improved Actions
Karsch, Frithjof; Engels, J; Joswig, R; Laermann, E; Peikert, A; Petersson, B
1996-01-01
The thermodynamics of the SU(3) gauge theory has been analyzed with tree level and tadpole improved Symanzik actions. A comparison with the continuum extrapolated results for the standard Wilson action shows that improved actions lead to a drastic reduction of finite cut-off effects already on lattices with temporal extent $N_\\tau=4$. Results for the pressure, the critical temperature, surface tension and latent heat are presented. First results for the thermodynamics of four-flavour QCD with an improved staggered action are also presented. They indicate similarly large improvement factors for bulk thermodynamics.
Nuclear Physics from Lattice QCD
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressureNavy Turns 50 |from Lattice QCD
Nuclear Force from Lattice QCD
Noriyoshi ISHII; Sinya AOKI; Tetsuo HATSUDA
2006-09-30
The first lattice QCD result on the nuclear force (the NN potential) is presented in the quenched level. The standard Wilson gauge action and the standard Wilson quark action are employed on the lattice of the size 16^3\\times 24 with the gauge coupling beta=5.7 and the hopping parameter kappa=0.1665. To obtain the NN potential, we adopt a method recently proposed by CP-PACS collaboration to study the pi pi scattering phase shift. It turns out that this method provides the NN potentials which are faithful to those obtained in the analysis of NN scattering data. By identifying the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter wave function with the Schroedinger wave function for the two nucleon system, the NN potential is reconstructed so that the wave function satisfies the time-independent Schroedinger equation. In this report, we restrict ourselves to the J^P=0^+ and I=1 channel, which enables us to pick up unambiguously the ``central'' NN potential V_{central}(r). The resulting potential is seen to posses a clear repulsive core of about 500 MeV at short distance (r < 0.5 fm). Although the attraction in the intermediate and long distance regions is still missing in the present lattice set-up, our method is appeared to be quite promising in reconstructing the NN potential with lattice QCD.
AdS/QCD at finite density and temperature
Kim, Y., E-mail: ykim@apctp.org [Pohang University of Science and Technology, Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics (Korea, Republic of)
2012-07-15
We review some basics of AdS/QCD following a non-standard path and list a few results from AdS/QCD or holographic QCD. The non-standard path here is to use the analogy of the way one obtains an effective model of QCD like linear sigma model and the procedure to construct an AdS/QCD model based on the AdS/CFT dictionary.
QCD. What else is needed for the Proton Structure Function?
Y. S. Kim
2014-08-18
While QCD can provide corrections to the parton distribution function, it cannot produce the distribution. Where is then the starting point for the proton structure function? The only known source is the quark-model wave function for the proton at rest. The harmonic oscillator is used for the trial wave function. When Lorentz-boosted, this wave function exhibits all the peculiarities of Feynman's parton picture. The time-separation between the quarks plays the key role in the boosting process. This variable is hidden in the present form of quantum mechanics, and the failure to measure it leads to an increase in entropy. This leads to a picture of boiling quarks which become partons in their plasma state.
Chiral dynamics in the low-temperature phase of QCD
Bastian B. Brandt; Anthony Francis; Harvey B. Meyer; Daniel Robaina
2014-10-22
We investigate the low-temperature phase of QCD and the crossover region with two light flavors of quarks. The chiral expansion around the point $(T, m_q = 0)$ in the temperature vs. quark-mass plane indicates that a sharp real-time excitation exists with the quantum numbers of the pion. We determine its dispersion relation and test the applicability of the chiral expansion. The time-dependent correlators are also analyzed using the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM), yielding consistent results. Finally, we test the predictions of ordinary chiral perturbation theory around the point $(T = 0, m_q = 0)$ for the temperature dependence of static observables. Around the crossover temperature, we find that all quantities considered depend only mildly on the quark mass in the considered range 8MeV $\\leq \\bar{m}^{\\bar{\\text{MS}}} \\leq$ 15MeV.
The Matrix Element Method and QCD Radiation
J. Alwall; A. Freitas; O. Mattelaer
2011-04-22
The matrix element method (MEM) has been extensively used for the analysis of top-quark and W-boson physics at the Tevatron, but in general without dedicated treatment of initial state QCD radiation. At the LHC, the increased center of mass energy leads to a significant increase in the amount of QCD radiation, which makes it mandatory to carefully account for its effects. We here present several methods for inclusion of QCD radiation effects in the MEM, and apply them to mass determination in the presence of multiple invisible particles in the final state. We demonstrate significantly improved results compared to the standard treatment.
Recent Progress in Lattice QCD Thermodynamics
Carleton DeTar
2008-11-14
This review gives a critical assessment of the current state of lattice simulations of QCD thermodynamics and what it teaches us about hot hadronic matter. It outlines briefly lattice methods for studying QCD at nonzero temperature and zero baryon number density with particular emphasis on assessing and reducing cutoff effects. It discusses a variety of difficulties with methods for determining the transition temperature. It uses results reported recently in the literature and at this conference for illustration, especially those from a major study carried out by the HotQCD collaboration.
Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1
Fundamental Physics with Cold Neutrons J. S. Nico,1 G. L. Greene,2 F. E. Wietfeldt,3 and W. S physics and quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Low energy properties of nucleons and nuclei, such as weak interactions in n-A systems, low energy n-A scattering amplitudes, and the internal electro- magnetic structure
J/psi production and polarization
Maddalena Frosini; for the LHCb Collaboration
2012-08-31
The study of the production of heavy quarkonium is crucial for a thorough understanding of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). This note reports the measurements of the J\\psi, \\chi_c and double charm production cross section, and discusses the prospects for the J/psi polarization at LHCb.
QCD Matrix Elements + Parton Showers
S. Catani; F. Krauss; R. Kuhn; B. R. Webber
2001-09-25
We propose a method for combining QCD matrix elements and parton showers in Monte Carlo simulations of hadronic final states in $e^+e^-$ annihilation. The matrix element and parton shower domains are separated at some value $y_{ini}$ of the jet resolution, defined according to the $k_T$-clustering algorithm. The matrix elements are modified by Sudakov form factors and the parton showers are subjected to a veto procedure to cancel dependence on $y_{ini}$ to next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. The method provides a leading-order description of hard multi-jet configurations together with jet fragmentation, while avoiding the most serious problems of double counting. We present first results of an approximate implementation using the event generator APACIC++.
T. T. Takahashi; T. Doi; H. Suganuma
2006-01-05
We perform the quenched lattice QCD analysis on the nuclear force (baryon-baryon interactions). We employ $20^3\\times 24$ lattice at $\\beta=5.7$ ($a\\simeq 0.19$ fm) with the standard gauge action and the Wilson quark action with the hopping parameters $\\kappa=0.1600, 0.1625, 0.1650$, and generate about 200 gauge configurations. We measure the temporal correlators of the two-baryon system which consists of heavy-light-light quarks. We extract the inter-baryon force as a function of the relative distance $r$. We also evaluate the contribution to the nuclear force from each ``Feynman diagram'' such as the quark-exchange diagram individually, and single out the roles of Pauli-blocking effects or quark exchanges in the inter-baryon interactions.
Nuclear Force from Lattice QCD
N. Ishii; S. Aoki; T. Hatsuda
2007-06-26
Nucleon-nucleon (NN) potential is studied by lattice QCD simulations in the quenched approximation, using the plaquette gauge action and the Wilson quark action on a 32^4 (\\simeq (4.4 fm)^4) lattice. A NN potential V_{NN}(r) is defined from the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter amplitude with a local interpolating operator for the nucleon. By studying the NN interaction in the ^1S_0 and ^3S_1 channels, we show that the central part of V_{NN}(r) has a strong repulsive core of a few hundred MeV at short distances (r \\alt 0.5 fm) surrounded by an attractive well at medium and long distances. These features are consistent with the known phenomenological features of the nuclear force.
Simplifying Multi-Jet QCD Computation
Peskin, Michael E.; /SLAC
2011-11-04
These lectures give a pedagogical discussion of the computation of QCD tree amplitudes for collider physics. The tools reviewed are spinor products, color ordering, MHV amplitudes, and the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten recursion formula.
None
2011-10-06
Modern QCD - Lecture 4 We will consider some processes of interest at the LHC and will discuss the main elements of their cross-section calculations. We will also summarize the current status of higher order calculations.
Lattice QCD at the end of 2003
Thomas DeGrand
2003-12-17
I review recent developments in lattice QCD. I first give an overview of its formalism, and then discuss lattice discretizations of fermions. We then turn to a description of the quenched approximation and why it is disappearing as a vehicle for QCD phenomenology. I describe recent claims for progress in simulations which include dynamical fermions and the interesting theoretical problems they raise. I conclude with brief descriptions of the calculations of matrix elements in heavy flavor systems and for kaons.
Thermodynamics of (2+1)-flavor QCD
C. Schmidt; T. Umeda
2006-09-21
We report on the status of our QCD thermodynamics project. It is performed on the QCDOC machine at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the APEnext machine at Bielefeld University. Using a 2+1 flavor formulation of QCD at almost realistic quark masses we calculated several thermodynamical quantities. In this proceeding we show the susceptibilites of the chiral condensate and the Polyakov loop, the static quark potential and the spatial string tension.
Quantum Chaos & Quantum Computers
D. L. Shepelyansky
2000-06-15
The standard generic quantum computer model is studied analytically and numerically and the border for emergence of quantum chaos, induced by imperfections and residual inter-qubit couplings, is determined. This phenomenon appears in an isolated quantum computer without any external decoherence. The onset of quantum chaos leads to quantum computer hardware melting, strong quantum entropy growth and destruction of computer operability. The time scales for development of quantum chaos and ergodicity are determined. In spite the fact that this phenomenon is rather dangerous for quantum computing it is shown that the quantum chaos border for inter-qubit coupling is exponentially larger than the energy level spacing between quantum computer eigenstates and drops only linearly with the number of qubits n. As a result the ideal multi-qubit structure of the computer remains rather robust against imperfections. This opens a broad parameter region for a possible realization of quantum computer. The obtained results are related to the recent studies of quantum chaos in such many-body systems as nuclei, complex atoms and molecules, finite Fermi systems and quantum spin glass shards which are also reviewed in the paper.
Study of hadronic event-shape variables in multijet final states in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Khachatryan, Vardan
2014-10-14
Event-shape variables, which are sensitive to perturbative and nonperturbative aspects of quantum chromodynamic (QCD) interactions, are studied in multijet events recorded in proton-proton collisions at ?s = 7 TeV. Events are selected with at least one jet with transverse momentum pT > 110 GeV and pseudorapidity |?| –1. The distributions of five event-shape variables in various leading jet pT ranges are compared to predictions from different QCD Monte Carlo event generators.
Heavy Flavour Production at HERA
Benno List; for the H1; ZEUS Collaborations
2006-05-19
The production of charm and beauty quarks in ep collisions at HERA has been studied by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations. Charm production is generally well described in total rate and in shape by next to leading order (NLO) calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD), although in specific phase space corners the NLO calculations underestimate the observed cross sections. More and more beauty production data are becoming available. For this process, NLO QCD predictions tend to be lower than the measurements.
Electromagnetically superconducting phase of QCD vacuum induced by strong magnetic field
Chernodub, M. N. [CNRS, Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique, Universite Francois-Rabelais Tours, Federation Denis Poisson, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Gent, Krijgslaan 281, S9, B-9000 Gent (Belgium)
2011-05-23
In this talk we discuss our recent suggestion that the QCD vacuum in a sufficiently strong magnetic field (stronger than 10{sup 16} Tesla) may undergo a spontaneous transition to an electromagnetically superconducting state. The possible superconducting state is anisotropic (the vacuum exhibits superconductivity only along the axis of the uniform magnetic field) and inhomogeneous (in the transverse directions the vacuum structure shares similarity with the Abrikosov lattice of an ordinary type-II superconductor). The electromagnetic superconductivity of the QCD vacuum is suggested to occur due to emergence of specific quark-antiquark condensates which carry quantum numbers of electrically charged rho mesons. A Lorentz-covariant generalization of the London transport equations for the magnetic-field-induced superconductivity is given.
Jet Quenching from QCD Evolution
Chien, Yang-Ting; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Ovanesyan, Grigory; Vitev, Ivan
2015-01-01
Recent advances in soft-collinear effective theory with Glauber gluons have led to the development of a new method that gives a unified description of inclusive hadron production in reactions with nucleons and heavy nuclei. We show how this approach, based on the generalization of the DGLAP evolution equations to include final-state medium-induced parton showers, can be combined with initial-state effects for applications to jet quenching phenomenology. We demonstrate that the traditional parton energy loss calculations can be regarded as a special soft-gluon emission limit of the general QCD evolution framework. We present phenomenological comparison of the SCET$_{\\rm G}$-based results on the suppression of inclusive charged hadron and neutral pion production in $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV lead-lead collisions at the Large Hadron Collider to experimental data. We also show theoretical predictions for the upcoming $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} \\simeq 5.1$ TeV Pb+Pb run at the LHC.
Two Nucleon Systems at $m_\\pi\\sim 450~{\\rm MeV}$ from Lattice QCD
Orginos, Kostas; Savage, Martin J; Beane, Silas R; Chang, Emmanuel; Detmold, William
2015-01-01
Nucleon-nucleon systems are studied with lattice quantum chromodynamics at a pion mass of $m_\\pi\\sim 450~{\\rm MeV}$ in three spatial volumes using $n_f=2+1$ flavors of light quarks. At the quark masses employed in this work, the deuteron binding energy is calculated to be $B_d = 14.4^{+3.2}_{-2.6} ~{\\rm MeV}$, while the dineutron is bound by $B_{nn} = 12.5^{+3.0}_{-5.0}~{\\rm MeV}$. Over the range of energies that are studied, the S-wave scattering phase shifts calculated in the 1S0 and 3S1-3D1 channels are found to be similar to those in nature, and indicate repulsive short-range components of the interactions, consistent with phenomenological nucleon-nucleon interactions. In both channels, the phase shifts are determined at three energies that lie within the radius of convergence of the effective range expansion, allowing for constraints to be placed on the inverse scattering lengths and effective ranges. The extracted phase shifts allow for matching to nuclear effective field theories, from which low energy...
Two-Nucleon Higher Partial-Wave Scattering from Lattice QCD
Berkowitz, Evan; Nicholson, Amy; Joo, Balint; Rinaldi, Enrico; Strother, Mark; Vranas, Pavlos M; Walker-Loud, Andre
2015-01-01
We present a determination of nucleon-nucleon scattering phase shifts for l>=0. The S,P,D and F phase shifts for both the spin-triplet and spin-singlet channels are computed for the first time with lattice Quantum ChromoDynamics. This required the design and implementation of novel lattice methods involving displaced sources and momentum-space cubic sinks. To demonstrate the utility of our approach, the calculations were performed in the SU(3)-flavor limit where the light quark masses have been tuned to the physical strange quark mass, corresponding to m_pi = m_K ~ 800 MeV. Two spatial volumes of V ~ (3.5 fm)^3 and V ~ (4.6 fm)^3 were used. The finite-volume spectrum is extracted from the exponential falloff of the correlation functions. Said spectrum is mapped onto the infinite volume phase shifts using the generalization of the Luscher formalism for two-nucleon systems.
Distinguishing exotic states from scattering states in lattice QCD
Sigaev, Dmitry
2008-01-01
This work explores the problem of distinguishing potentially interesting new exotic states in QCD from conventional scattering states using lattice QCD, and addresses the specific case of the search for localized resonances ...
Cosmological and astrophysical aspects of finite-density QCD
Dominik J. Schwarz
1998-07-23
The different phases of QCD at finite temperature and density lead to interesting effects in cosmology and astrophysics. In this work I review some aspects of the cosmological QCD transition and of astrophysics at high baryon density.
Mathematica and Fortran programs for various analytic QCD couplings
Cesar Ayala; Gorazd Cvetic
2014-11-06
We outline here the motivation for the existence of analytic QCD models, i.e., QCD frameworks in which the running coupling $A(Q^2)$ has no Landau singularities. The analytic (holomorphic) coupling $A(Q^2)$ is the analog of the underlying pQCD coupling $a(Q^2) \\equiv \\alpha_s(Q^2)/\\pi$, and any such $A(Q^2)$ defines an analytic QCD model. We present the general construction procedure for the couplings $A_{\
Bottom and charmed hadron spectroscopy from lattice QCD
Randy Lewis
2010-10-05
A survey of recent lattice QCD simulations for the mass spectrum of bottom and charmed hadrons is presented.
QCD on the Cell Broadband Engine
F. Belletti; G. Bilardi; M. Drochner; N. Eicker; Z. Fodor; D. Hierl; H. Kaldass; T. Lippert; T. Maurer; N. Meyer; A. Nobile; D. Pleiter; A. Schaefer; F. Schifano; H. Simma; S. Solbrig; T. Streuer; R. Tripiccione; T. Wettig
2007-10-12
We evaluate IBM's Enhanced Cell Broadband Engine (BE) as a possible building block of a new generation of lattice QCD machines. The Enhanced Cell BE will provide full support of double-precision floating-point arithmetics, including IEEE-compliant rounding. We have developed a performance model and applied it to relevant lattice QCD kernels. The performance estimates are supported by micro- and application-benchmarks that have been obtained on currently available Cell BE-based computers, such as IBM QS20 blades and PlayStation 3. The results are encouraging and show that this processor is an interesting option for lattice QCD applications. For a massively parallel machine on the basis of the Cell BE, an application-optimized network needs to be developed.
R. A. Soltz
2009-09-14
We present results from recent calculations of the QCD equation of state by the HotQCD Collaboration and review the implications for hydrodynamic modeling. The equation of state of QCD at zero baryon density was calculated on a lattice of dimensions $32^3 \\times 8$ with $m_l = 0.1 m_s$ (corresponding to a pion mass of $\\sim$220 MeV) using two improved staggered fermion actions, p4 and asqtad. C alculations were performed along lines of constant physics using more than 100M cpu-hours on BG/L supercomputers at LLNL, NYBlue, and SDSC. We present paramete rizations of the equation of state suitable for input into hydrodynamics models of heavy ion collisions.
Equation of State from Lattice QCD Calculations
Rajan Gupta
2011-04-01
We provide a status report on the calculation of the Equation of State (EoS) of QCD at finite temperature using lattice QCD. Most of the discussion will focus on comparison of recent results obtained by the HotQCD and Wuppertal-Budapest (W-B) collaborations. We will show that very significant progress has been made towards obtaining high precision results over the temperature range of T=150-700 MeV. The various sources of systematic uncertainties will be discussed and the differences between the two calculations highlighted. Our final conclusion is that the lattice results of EoS are getting precise enough to justify being used in the phenomenological analysis of heavy ion experiments at RHIC and LHC.
QCD Studies with Resurrected Jade Data
Kluth, S
2003-01-01
We report on recent studies of QCD performed using reanalysed e+e- annihilation data recorded at centre of mass energies 14
QUANTUM CHAOS IN QUANTUM NETWORKS()
Shepelyansky, Dima
QUANTUM CHAOS IN QUANTUM NETWORKS() Chepelianskii Alexei LycÂ´ee Pierre de Fermat and Quantware MIPS Computers and Quantum Chaos", June 28 - 30, 2001, Villa Olmo, Como, Italy #12;SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE RESULTS Quantum chaos in a quantum small world We introduce and study a quantum small world model
Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Teramond, Guy F.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins /Costa Rica U.
2011-01-10
AdS/QCD, the correspondence between theories in a dilaton-modified five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space and confining field theories in physical space-time, provides a remarkable semiclassical model for hadron physics. Light-front holography allows hadronic amplitudes in the AdS fifth dimension to be mapped to frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in physical space-time. The result is a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time and determines the off-shell dynamics of the bound state wavefunctions as a function of the invariant mass of the constituents. The hadron eigenstates generally have components with different orbital angular momentum; e.g., the proton eigenstate in AdS/QCD with massless quarks has L = 0 and L = 1 light-front Fock components with equal probability. Higher Fock states with extra quark-anti quark pairs also arise. The soft-wall model also predicts the form of the nonperturbative effective coupling and its {beta}-function. The AdS/QCD model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method to systematically include QCD interaction terms. Some novel features of QCD are discussed, including the consequences of confinement for quark and gluon condensates. A method for computing the hadronization of quark and gluon jets at the amplitude level is outlined.
Automation of one-loop QCD corrections
Valentin Hirschi; Rikkert Frederix; Stefano Frixione; Maria Vittoria Garzelli; Fabio Maltoni; Roberto Pittau
2013-05-14
We present the complete automation of the computation of one-loop QCD corrections, including UV renormalization, to an arbitrary scattering process in the Standard Model. This is achieved by embedding the OPP integrand reduction technique, as implemented in CutTools, into the MadGraph framework. By interfacing the tool so constructed, which we dub MadLoop, with MadFKS, the fully automatic computation of any infrared-safe observable at the next-to-leading order in QCD is attained. We demonstrate the flexibility and the reach of our method by calculating the production rates for a variety of processes at the 7 TeV LHC.
QCDLAB: Designing Lattice QCD Algorithms with MATLAB
Artan Borici
2006-10-09
This paper introduces QCDLAB, a design and research tool for lattice QCD algorithms. The tool, a collection of MATLAB functions, is based on a ``small-code'' and a ``minutes-run-time'' algorithmic design philosophy. The present version uses the Schwinger model on the lattice, a great simplification, which shares many features and algorithms with lattice QCD. A typical computing project using QCDLAB is characterised by short codes, short run times, and the ability to make substantial changes in a few seconds. QCDLAB 1.0 can be downloaded from the QCDLAB project homepage {\\tt http://phys.fshn.edu.al/qcdlab.html}.
Testing Algorithms for Finite Temperature Lattice QCD
M. Cheng; M. A. Clark; C. Jung; R. D. Mawhinney
2006-08-23
We discuss recent algorithmic improvements in simulating finite temperature QCD on a lattice. In particular, the Rational Hybrid Monte Carlo(RHMC) algorithm is employed to generate lattice configurations for 2+1 flavor QCD. Unlike the Hybrid R Algorithm, RHMC is reversible, admitting a Metropolis accept/reject step that eliminates the $\\mathcal{O}(\\delta t^2)$ errors inherent in the R Algorithm. We also employ several algorithmic speed-ups, including multiple time scales, the use of a more efficient numerical integrator, and Hasenbusch pre-conditioning of the fermion force.
Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD
Jian-Ping Chen
2012-03-01
Overview of Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD, with focus on the spin structure. Nucleon (spin) Structure provides valuable information on QCD dynamics. A decade of experiments from JLab yields these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure, duality; (2) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; (3) precision measurements of g{sub 2} - high-twist; and (4) first neutron transverse spin results - Collins/Sivers/A{sub LT}. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; and (2) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge/TMDs.
Quark mass thresholds in QCD thermodynamics
M. Laine; Y. Schroder
2006-05-05
We discuss radiative corrections to how quark mass thresholds are crossed, as a function of the temperature, in basic thermodynamic observables such as the pressure, the energy and entropy densities, and the heat capacity of high temperature QCD. The indication from leading order that the charm quark plays a visible role at surprisingly low temperatures, is confirmed. We also sketch a way to obtain phenomenological estimates relevant for generic expansion rate computations at temperatures between the QCD and electroweak scales, pointing out where improvements over the current knowledge are particularly welcome.
Lepton asymmetry and the cosmic QCD transition
Dominik J Schwarz; Maik Stuke
2010-09-29
We study the influence of lepton asymmetry on the evolution of the early Universe. The lepton asymmetry $l$ is poorly constrained by observations and might be orders of magnitude larger than the baryon asymmetry $b$, $|l|/b \\leq 2\\times 10^8$. We find that lepton asymmetries that are large compared to the tiny baryon asymmetry, can influence the dynamics of the QCD phase transition significantly. The cosmic trajectory in the $\\mu_B-T$ phase diagram of strongly interacting matter becomes a function of lepton (flavour) asymmetry. Large lepton asymmetry could lead to a cosmic QCD phase transition of first order.
Quark-gluon mixed condensate of the QCD vacuum in Holographic QCD
Hyun-Chul Kim; Youngman Kim
2008-08-27
We investigate the quark-gluon mixed condensate based on an AdS/QCD model. Introducing a holographic field dual to the operator for the quark-gluon mixed condensate, we obtain the corresponding classical equation of motion. Taking the mixed condensate as an additional free parameter, we show that the present scheme reproduces very well experimental data. A fixed value of the mixed condensate is in good agreement with that of the QCD sum rules.
Basics of QCD Perturbation Theory: TASI 2000
Davison E. Soper
2000-11-21
This is an introduction to the use of QCD perturbation theory, emphasizing generic features of the theory that enable one to separate short-time and long-time effects. I also cover some important classes of applications: electron-positron annihilation to hadrons, deeply inelastic scattering, and hard processes in hadron-hadron collisions.
Lambda-nucleon force from lattice QCD
Nemura, H; Aoki, S; Hatsuda, T
2008-01-01
We study the $\\Lambda$-nucleon ($\\Lambda N$) force by using lattice QCD. The Bethe-Salpeter amplitude is calculated for the lowest scattering state of the $\\Lambda N$ so as to obtain the $\\Lambda N$ potential. The numerical calculation is twofold: (i) Full lattice QCD by using 2+1 flavor PACS-CS gauge configurations with, $\\beta=1.9$, corresponding to the lattice spacing of $a=0.0907(13)$ fm, on a $32^3\\times 64$ lattice. A set of parameter $(\\kappa_{ud},\\kappa_s)=(0.13770,0.13640)$ is used, which corresponds to $m_\\pi\\approx 300$ MeV and $m_K\\approx 594$ MeV. The spatial lattice volume corresponds to (2.86 fm)$^3$. (ii) Quenched lattice QCD with $\\beta=5.7$, the lattice spacing of $a=0.1416(9)$ fm, on the $32^3\\times48$ lattice. Two sets of hopping parameters $(\\kappa_{ud},\\kappa_s)=(0.1665,0.1643),(0.1670,0.1643)$ are used. The spatial lattice volume is (4.5 fm)$^3$. For the full QCD, we find that the $\\Lambda p$ has a relatively strong (weak) repulsive core in the $^1S_0$ ($^3S_1$) channel at short distanc...
New formalism for QCD parton showers
Stefan Gieseke; Philip Stephens; Bryan Webber
2003-10-09
We present a new formalism for parton shower simulation of QCD jets, which incorporates the following features: invariance under boosts along jet axes, improved treatment of heavy quark fragmentation, angular-ordered evolution with soft gluon coherence, more accurate soft gluon angular distributions, and better coverage of phase space. It is implemented in the new HERWIG++ event generator.
Combining QCD Matrix Elements and Parton Showers
B. R. Webber
2000-05-04
A new method for combining QCD matrix elements and parton showers in Monte Carlo simulations of hadronic final states is outlined. The aim is to provide at least a leading-order description of all hard multi-jet configurations together with jet fragmentation to next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy, while avoiding the most serious problems of double counting.
Reweighting QCD simulations with dynamical overlap fermions
Thomas DeGrand
2008-10-03
I apply a recently developed algorithm for reweighting simulations of lattice QCD from one quark mass to another to simulations performed with overlap fermions in the epsilon regime. I test it by computing the condensate from distributions of the low lying eigenvalues of the Dirac operator. Results seem favorable.
Challenges facing holographic models of QCD
Thomas D. Cohen
2008-05-30
This paper, written in memory of Manoj Banerjee, takes a critical look at holographic models of QCD focusing on ``practical'' models in which the five dimensional theory is treated classically. A number of theoretical and phenomenological challenges to the approach are discussed.
Nuclear chiral dynamics and phases of QCD
Wolfram Weise
2012-01-04
This presentation starts with a brief review of our current picture of QCD phases, derived from lattice QCD thermodynamics and from models based on the symmetries and symmetry breaking patterns of QCD. Typical approaches widely used in this context are the PNJL and chiral quark-meson models. It is pointed out, however, that the modeling of the phase diagram in terms of quarks as quasiparticles misses important and well known nuclear physics constraints. In the hadronic phase of QCD governed by confinement and spontaneously broken chiral symmetry, in-medium chiral effective field theory is the appropriate framework, with pions and nucleons as active degrees of freedom. Nuclear chiral thermodynamics is outlined and the liquid-gas phase transition is described. The density and temperature dependence of the chiral condensate is deduced. As a consequence of two- and three-body correlations in the nuclear medium, no tendency towards a first-order chiral phase transition is found at least up to twice the baryon density of normal nuclear matter and up to temperatures of about 100 MeV. Isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter and neutron matter are also discussed. An outlook is given on new tightened constraints for the equation-of-state of cold and highly compressed matter as implied by a recently observed two-solar-mass neutron star.
Martin Schvellinger
2008-06-03
We briefly review one of the current applications of the AdS/CFT correspondence known as AdS/QCD and discuss about the calculation of four-point quark-flavour current correlation functions and their applications to the calculation of observables related to neutral kaon decays and neutral kaon mixing processes.
None
2011-10-06
Modern QCD - Lecture 3 We will introduce processes with initial-state hadrons and discuss parton distributions, sum rules, as well as the need for a factorization scale once radiative corrections are taken into account. We will then discuss the DGLAP equation, the evolution of parton densities, as well as ways in which parton densities are extracted from data.
Heavy quark thermodynamics in full QCD
Konstantin Petrov; RBC-Bielefeld Collaboration
2007-01-22
We analyze the large-distance behaviour of static quark-anti-quark pair correlations in QCD. The singlet free energy is calculated and the entropy contribution to it is identified allowing us to calculate the excess internal energy. The free energy has a sharp drop in the critical region, leading to sharp peaks in both excess entropy and internal energy.
Quark condensate in two-flavor QCD
Thomas DeGrand; Zhaofeng Liu; Stefan Schaefer
2006-11-03
We compute the condensate in QCD with two flavors of dynamical fermions using numerical simulation. The simulations use overlap fermions, and the condensate is extracted by fitting the distribution of low lying eigenvalues of the Dirac operator in sectors of fixed topological charge to the predictions of Random Matrix Theory.
QCD thermodynamics with dynamical overlap fermions
S. Borsanyi; Y. Delgado; S. Durr; Z. Fodor; S. D. Katz; S. Krieg; T. Lippert; D. Nogradi; K. K. Szabo
2012-08-02
We study QCD thermodynamics using two flavors of dynamical overlap fermions with quark masses corresponding to a pion mass of 350 MeV. We determine several observables on N_t=6 and 8 lattices. All our runs are performed with fixed global topology. Our results are compared with staggered ones and a nice agreement is found.
Transfer Matrix for Partially Quenched QCD
Claude Bernard; Maarten Golterman
2010-10-31
We construct the transfer matrix for the ghost sector of partially quenched QCD. This transfer matrix is not hermitian, but we show that it is still bounded. We thus expect that all euclidean correlation functions will decay exponentially with distance (up to possible powers), and demonstrate that this is indeed the case for free ghost quarks.
Heavy flavor physics from lattice QCD
Tetsuya Onogi
2006-10-24
I review the recent status of heavy flavor physics results from lattice QCD. In particular, I focus on the heavy-light decay constants, the bag parameters, the form factors, and the bottom quark mass. New progresses in theoretical methods are also reviewed.
Pion form factor with twisted mass QCD
Abdou M. Abdel-Rehim; Randy Lewis
2004-09-10
The pion form factor is calculated using quenched twisted mass QCD with beta=6.0 and maximal twisting angle omega=pi/2. Two pion masses and several values of momentum transfer are considered. The momentum averaging procedure of Frezzotti and Rossi is used to reduce lattice spacing errors, and numerical results are consistent with the expected O(a) improvement.
Nuclear physics from QCD on lattice
Takashi Inoue; for HAL QCD Collaboration
2015-11-24
We have presented a strategy to study nuclei and nuclear matters from the 1st principle, QCD. We first compute nucleon-nucleon potentials numerically in lattice QCD, and then use them to investigate properties of nuclei and the matters by various method developed in nuclear physics. As the demonstration for this strategy to work, mass and structure of 4^He, 16^O and 40^Ca, and equation of state of nuclear matters are determined with the lattice QCD induced two-nucleon potentials in a heavy quark region as an input. We have found that these nuclei and the symmetric nuclear matter are bound at one quark mass corresponding to the pseudo-scalar meson (pion) mass of 469 MeV (the octet baryon (nucleon) mass of 1161 MeV). Obtained binding energy per nucleon has a uniform mass number A dependence which is consistent to the Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula qualitatively. The present study demonstrates that our strategy works well to investigate various properties of atomic nuclei and nuclear matters starting from QCD, without depending on models or experimental information of nuclear force.
Nuclear physics from QCD on lattice
,
2015-01-01
We have presented a strategy to study nuclei and nuclear matters from the 1st principle, QCD. We first compute nucleon-nucleon potentials numerically in lattice QCD, and then use them to investigate properties of nuclei and the matters by various method developed in nuclear physics. As the demonstration for this strategy to work, mass and structure of 4^He, 16^O and 40^Ca, and equation of state of nuclear matters are determined with the lattice QCD induced two-nucleon potentials in a heavy quark region as an input. We have found that these nuclei and the symmetric nuclear matter are bound at one quark mass corresponding to the pseudo-scalar meson (pion) mass of 469 MeV (the octet baryon (nucleon) mass of 1161 MeV). Obtained binding energy per nucleon has a uniform mass number A dependence which is consistent to the Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula qualitatively. The present study demonstrates that our strategy works well to investigate various properties of atomic nuclei and nuclear matters starting from QCD, wi...
Supersymmetric QCD Corrections to the Charged Higgs Boson Decay of the Top Quark
Jaume Guasch; Ricardo A. Jimenez; Joan SOLA
1995-07-31
The one-loop supersymmetric QCD quantum effects on the width of the unconventional top quark decay mode $t\\rightarrow H^{+}\\, b$ are evaluated within the MSSM. The study of this process is useful to hint at the supersymmetric nature of the charged Higgs emerging from that decay. Remarkably enough, recent calculations of supersymmetric corrections to $Z$-boson observables have shown that the particular conditions by which the decay $t\\rightarrow H^{+}\\, b$ becomes competitive with the standard decay $t\\rightarrow W^{+}\\,b$ have a chance to be realized in nature. This further motivates us to focus our attention on the dynamics of $t\\rightarrow H^{+}\\, b$ as an excellent laboratory to unravel Supersymmetry at the quantum level in future experiments at Tevatron and at LHC.
Report of the QCD Working Group
A. Ballestrero; P. Bambade; S. Bravo; M. Cacciari; M. Costa; W. deBoer; G. Dissertori; U. Flagmeyer; J. Fuster; K. Hamacher; F. Krauss; R. Kuhn; L. Lonnblad; S. Marti; J. Rehn; G. Rodrigo; M. H. Seymour; T. Sjostrand; Z. Trocsanyi; B. R. Webber
2000-07-04
The activities of the QCD working group concentrated on improving the understanding and Monte Carlo simulation of multi-jet final states due to hard QCD processes at LEP, i.e. quark-antiquark plus multi-gluon and/or secondary quark production, with particular emphasis on four-jet final states and b-quark mass effects. Specific topics covered are: relevant developments in the main event generators PYTHIA, HERWIG and ARIADNE; the new multi-jet generator APACIC++; description and tuning of inclusive (all-flavour) jet rates; quark mass effects in the three- and four-jet rates; mass, higher-order and hadronization effects in four-jet angular and shape distributions; b-quark fragmentation and gluon splitting into b-quarks.
Lattice QCD Thermodynamics with Physical Quark Masses
R. A. Soltz; C. DeTar; F. Karsch; Swagato Mukherjee; P. Vranas
2015-02-08
Over the past few years new physics methods and algorithms as well as the latest supercomputers have enabled the study of the QCD thermodynamic phase transition using lattice gauge theory numerical simulations with unprecedented control over systematic errors. This is largely a consequence of the ability to perform continuum extrapolations with physical quark masses. Here we review recent progress in lattice QCD thermodynamics, focussing mainly on results that benefit from the use of physical quark masses: the crossover temperature, the equation of state, and fluctuations of the quark number susceptibilities. In addition, we place a special emphasis on calculations that are directly relevant to the study of relativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC and the LHC.
Nuclear physics from strong coupling QCD
Michael Fromm; Philippe de Forcrand
2009-12-14
The strong coupling limit (beta_gauge = 0) of QCD offers a number of remarkable research possibilities, of course at the price of large lattice artifacts. Here, we determine the complete phase diagram as a function of temperature T and baryon chemical potential mu_B, for one flavor of staggered fermions in the chiral limit, with emphasis on the determination of a tricritical point and on the T ~ 0 transition to nuclear matter. The latter is known to happen for mu_B substantially below the baryon mass, indicating strong nuclear interactions in QCD at infinite gauge coupling. This leads us to studying the properties of nuclear matter from first principles. We determine the nucleon-nucleon potential in the strong coupling limit, as well as masses m_A of nuclei as a function of their atomic number A. Finally, we clarify the origin of nuclear interactions at strong coupling, which turns out to be a steric effect.
Electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities in lattice QCD
W. Detmold; B. C. Tiburzi; A. Walker-Loud
2006-10-02
We discuss the extraction of the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities of nucleons from lattice QCD. We show that the external field method can be used to measure all the electromagnetic and spin polarisabilities including those of charged particles. We then turn to the extrapolations required to connect such calculations to experiment in the context of chiral perturbation theory, finding a strong dependence on the lattice volume and quark masses.
QCD, Symmetry Breaking and the Random Lattice
Saul D. Cohen
2006-02-15
According to the Nielsen-Ninomiya No-Go theorem, the doubling of fermions on the lattice cannot be suppressed in a chiral theory. Whereas Wilson and staggered fermions suppress doublers with explicit breaking of chiral symmetry, the random lattice does so by spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking even in the free theory. I present results for meson masses, the chiral condensate and fermionic eigenvalues from simulations of quenched QCD on random lattices in four dimensions, focusing on chiral symmetry breaking.
Fast Fits for Lattice QCD Correlators
K. Hornbostel; G. P. Lepage; C. T. H. Davies; R. J. Dowdall; H. Na; J. Shigemitsu
2011-11-06
We illustrate a technique for fitting lattice QCD correlators to sums of exponentials that is significantly faster than traditional fitting methods --- 10--40 times faster for the realistic examples we present. Our examples are drawn from a recent analysis of the Upsilon spectrum, and another recent analysis of the D -> pi semileptonic form factor. For single correlators, we show how to simplify traditional effective-mass analyses.
Dual superconducting properties of the QCD vacuum
A. D'Alessandro; M. D'Elia
2005-10-27
A consistent description of the confining QCD vacuum as a dual superconductor requires a determination of fundamental parameters such as the superconductor correlation length $\\xi$ and the field penetration depth $\\lambda$, which determine whether the superconductor is of type I or type II. We illustrate preliminary results of a lattice determination of $\\xi$ for the case of pure Yang-Mills with two colors, obtained by measuring the temporal correlator of a disorder parameter detecting dual superconductivity.
B production at the LHC / QCD aspects
Valery P. Andreev
2007-06-12
The LHC provides new opportunities to improve our understanding of the b quark using high statistics data samples and the 14 TeV center-of-mass energy. The prospects to measure the cross section for inclusive b production in events containing jets and at least one muon are presented. Studies of detector systematic effects and theoretical uncertainties are included. QCD aspects of the beauty production are discussed.
QCD and High Energy Interactions: Moriond 2014 Theory Summary
Thomas Gehrmann
2014-06-20
This article summarizes new theoretical developments, ideas and results that were presented at the 2014 Moriond "QCD and High Energy Interactions".
Self-consistent Gaussian model of nonperturbative QCD vacuum
A. P. Bakulev; A. V. Pimikov
2006-10-05
We show that the minimal Gaussian model of nonlocal vacuum quark and quark-gluon condensates in QCD generates the non-transversity of vector current correlators. We suggest the improved Gaussian model of the nonperturbative QCD vacuum, which respects QCD equations of motion and minimizes the revealed gauge-invariance breakdown. We obtain the refined values of pion distribution amplitude (DA) conformal moments using the improved QCD vacuum model and construct the allowed region for Gegenbauer coefficients a_2 and a_4 of the pion DA.
Light Baryons from 2+1 flavor DWF QCD
C. M. Maynard; RBC; UKQCD collaborations
2010-01-28
We present results from the RBC and UKQCD collaboration ensembles of 2+1 flavor DWF QCD for the light baryon spectrum.
Log-normal distribution for correlators in lattice QCD?
Thomas DeGrand
2012-04-20
Many hadronic correlators used in spectroscopy calculations in lattice QCD simulations appear to show a log-normal distribution at intermediate time separations.
Heavy Quarks, QCD, and Effective Field Theory Thomas Mehen 72...
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Heavy Quarks, QCD, and Effective Field Theory Thomas Mehen 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS Heavy Quarks, Quarkonium,...
The Effective Action for QCD at High Energies
Lech Szymanowski
1994-11-16
I discuss the construction of the effective action for QCD suitable for the description of high-energy and small momentum transfer diffractive processes.
Thermodynamics of strong-interaction matter from Lattice QCD
Heng-Tong Ding; Frithjof Karsch; Swagato Mukherjee
2015-04-21
We review results from lattice QCD calculations on the thermodynamics of strong-interaction matter with emphasis on input these calculations can provide to the exploration of the phase diagram and properties of hot and dense matter created in heavy ion experiments. This review is organized as follows: 1) Introduction, 2) QCD thermodynamics on the lattice, 3) QCD phase diagram at high temperature, 4) Bulk thermodynamics, 5) Fluctuations of conserved charges, 6) Transport properties, 7) Open heavy flavors and heavy quarkonia, 8) QCD in external magnetic fields, 9) Summary.
The Color-Flavor Transformation and Lattice QCD
B. Schlittgen; T. Wettig
2002-09-09
We present the color-flavor transformation for gauge group SU(N_c) and discuss its application to lattice QCD.
Quantum Chaos and Quantum Algorithms
Daniel Braun
2001-10-05
It was recently shown (quant-ph/9909074) that parasitic random interactions between the qubits in a quantum computer can induce quantum chaos and put into question the operability of a quantum computer. In this work I investigate whether already the interactions between the qubits introduced with the intention to operate the quantum computer may lead to quantum chaos. The analysis focuses on two well--known quantum algorithms, namely Grover's search algorithm and the quantum Fourier transform. I show that in both cases the same very unusual combination of signatures from chaotic and from integrable dynamics arises.
Non-Perturbative Renormalization Flow in Quantum Field Theory and Statistical Physics
J. Berges; N. Tetradis; C. Wetterich
2000-05-12
We review the use of an exact renormalization group equation in quantum field theory and statistical physics. It describes the dependence of the free energy on an infrared cutoff for the quantum or thermal fluctuations. Non-perturbative solutions follow from approximations to the general form of the coarse-grained free energy or effective average action. They interpolate between the microphysical laws and the complex macroscopic phenomena. Our approach yields a simple unified description for O(N)-symmetric scalar models in two, three or four dimensions, covering in particular the critical phenomena for the second-order phase transitions, including the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and the critical behavior of polymer chains. We compute the aspects of the critical equation of state which are universal for a large variety of physical systems and establish a direct connection between microphysical and critical quantities for a liquid-gas transition. Universal features of first-order phase transitions are studied in the context of scalar matrix models. We show that the quantitative treatment of coarse graining is essential for a detailed estimate of the nucleation rate. We discuss quantum statistics in thermal equilibrium or thermal quantum field theory with fermions and bosons and we describe the high temperature symmetry restoration in quantum field theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking. In particular, we explore chiral symmetry breaking and the high temperature or high density chiral phase transition in quantum chromodynamics using models with effective four-fermion interactions.
P. Pfeiffer; I. L. Egusquiza; M. Di Ventra; M. Sanz; E. Solano
2015-11-06
Technology based on memristors, resistors with memory whose resistance depends on the history of the crossing charges, has lately enhanced the classical paradigm of computation with neuromorphic architectures. However, in contrast to the known quantized models of passive circuit elements, such as inductors, capacitors or resistors, the design and realization of a quantum memristor is still missing. Here, we introduce the concept of a quantum memristor as a quantum dissipative device, whose decoherence mechanism is controlled by a continuous-measurement feedback scheme, which accounts for the memory. Indeed, we provide numerical simulations showing that memory effects actually persist in the quantum regime. Our quantization method, specifically designed for superconducting circuits, may be extended to other quantum platforms, allowing for memristor-type constructions in different quantum technologies. The proposed quantum memristor is then a building block for neuromorphic quantum computation and quantum simulations of non-Markovian systems.
Michele Mosca
2008-08-04
This article surveys the state of the art in quantum computer algorithms, including both black-box and non-black-box results. It is infeasible to detail all the known quantum algorithms, so a representative sample is given. This includes a summary of the early quantum algorithms, a description of the Abelian Hidden Subgroup algorithms (including Shor's factoring and discrete logarithm algorithms), quantum searching and amplitude amplification, quantum algorithms for simulating quantum mechanical systems, several non-trivial generalizations of the Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem (and related techniques), the quantum walk paradigm for quantum algorithms, the paradigm of adiabatic algorithms, a family of ``topological'' algorithms, and algorithms for quantum tasks which cannot be done by a classical computer, followed by a discussion.
Ronnie Kosloff
2013-05-10
Quantum thermodynamics addresses the emergence of thermodynamical laws from quantum mechanics. The link is based on the intimate connection of quantum thermodynamics with the theory of open quantum systems. Quantum mechanics inserts dynamics into thermodynamics giving a sound foundation to finite-time-thermodynamics. The emergence of the 0-law I-law II-law and III-law of thermodynamics from quantum considerations is presented. The emphasis is on consistence between the two theories which address the same subject from different foundations. We claim that inconsistency is the result of faulty analysis pointing to flaws in approximations.
Quarkyonic Matter and the Revised Phase Diagram of QCD
McLerran,L.
2009-03-30
At high baryon number density, it has been proposed that a new phase of QCD matter controlsthe physics. This matter is confining but can have densities much larger than 3QCD. Its existenceis argued from large Nc approximations, and model computations. It is approximately chirallysymmetric.
Multiplicity Distributions in QCD at Very High Energies
I. M. Dremin
1994-08-18
Recent results in QCD on multiplicity distributions are briefly reviewed. QCD is able to predict very tiny features of multiplicity distributions which demonstrate that the negative binomial distribution (and, more generally, any infinitely divisible distribution) is inappropriate for precise description of experimental data. New fits of high energy multiplicity distributions can be derived.
Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD
Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD Karl Jansen, Chris Michael, Andrea Shindler of Groningen. · Spain: University of Valencia. · Switzerland: University of Bern. Marc Wagner, "Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD", July 16, 2008 #12;Introduction · Static-light meson
Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms
SjÃ¶strand, TorbjÃ¶rn
Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms TorbjÂ¨orn SjÂ¨ostrand Department rotationally symmetric. SppS (CERN): need to separate beam jets from highp ones. First solution: cone jets" infrared safe return to UA1 cone algorithm. TorbjÂ¨orn SjÂ¨ostrand PPP 8: QCD jets and jet algorithms slide 2
The CKM matrix and flavor physics from lattice QCD
Ruth S. Van de Water
2009-11-16
I discuss the role of lattice QCD in testing the Standard Model and searching for physics beyond the Standard Model in the quark flavor sector. I first review the Standard Model CKM framework. I then present the current status of the CKM matrix, focusing on determinations of CKM matrix elements and constraints on the CKM unitarity triangle that rely on lattice QCD calculations of weak matrix elements. I also show the potential impact of improved lattice QCD calculations on the global CKM unitarity triangle fit. I then describe several hints of new physics in the quark flavor sector that rely on lattice QCD calculations of weak matrix elements, such as evidence of a ~2-3 sigma tension in the CKM unitarity triangle and the "f_{D_s} puzzle". I finish with a discussion of lattice QCD calculations of rare B- and K-decays needed to probe physics beyond the Standard Model at future experiments.
The QCD vacuum probed by overlap fermions
V. Weinberg; E. -M. Ilgenfritz; K. Koller; Y. Koma; G. Schierholz; T. Streuer
2006-10-13
We summarize different uses of the eigenmodes of the Neuberger overlap operator for the analysis of the QCD vacuum, here applied to quenched configurations simulated by means of the Luescher-Weisz action. We describe the localization and chiral properties of the lowest modes. The overlap-based topological charge density (with and without UV-filtering) is compared with the results of UV-filtering for the field strength tensor. The latter allows to identify domains of good (anti-)selfduality. All these techniques together lead to a dual picture of the vacuum, unifying the infrared instanton picture with the presence of singular defects co-existent at different scales.
Neutrinoless double beta decay and QCD corrections
Namit Mahajan
2014-01-30
We consider one loop QCD corrections and renormalization group running of the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude focusing on the short-range part of the amplitude (without the light neutrino exchange) and find that these corrections can be sizeable. Depending on the operator under consideration, there can be moderate to large cancellations or significant enhancements. We discuss several specific examples in this context. Such large corrections will lead to significant shifts in the half-life estimates which currently are known to be plagued with the uncertainties due to nuclear physics inputs to the physical matrix elements.
Resummed QCD Power Corrections to Nuclear Shadowing
Qiu, J; Qiu, Jianwei; Vitev, Ivan
2004-01-01
We calculate and resum a perturbative expansion of nuclear enhanced power corrections to the structure functions measured in deeply inelastic scattering of leptons on a nuclear target. Our results for the Bjorken $x$-, $Q^2$- and $A$-dependence of nuclear shadowing in $F_2^A(x,Q^2)$ and the nuclear modifications to $F_L^A(x,Q^2)$, obtained in terms of the QCD factorization approach, are consistent with the existing data. We demonstrate that the low-$Q^2$ behavior of these data and the measured large longitudinal structure function point to a critical role for the power corrections when compared to other theoretical approaches.
Resummed QCD Power Corrections to Nuclear Shadowing
Jianwei Qiu; Ivan Vitev
2005-01-10
We calculate and resum a perturbative expansion of nuclear enhanced power corrections to the structure functions measured in deeply inelastic scattering of leptons on a nuclear target. Our results for the Bjorken $x$-, $Q^2$- and $A$-dependence of nuclear shadowing in $F_2^A(x,Q^2)$ and the nuclear modifications to $F_L^A(x,Q^2)$, obtained in terms of the QCD factorization approach, are consistent with the existing data. We demonstrate that the low-$Q^2$ behavior of these data and the measured large longitudinal structure function point to a critical role for the power corrections when compared to other theoretical approaches.
On QCD Thermodynamics with Improved Actions
Karsch, Frithjof
1998-01-01
We discuss recent advances in the calculation of thermodynamic observables using improved actions. In particular, we discuss the calculation of the equation of state of the SU(3) gauge theory, the critical temperature in units of the string tension, the surface tension and the latent heat at the deconfinement transition. We also present first results from a calculation of the equation of state for four-flavour QCD using an O(a^2) improved staggered fermion action and discuss possible further improvements of the staggered fermion action.
Pion electric polarizability from lattice QCD
Andrei Alexandru; Michael Lujan; Walter Freeman; Frank Lee
2015-01-26
Electromagnetic polarizabilities are important parameters for understanding the interaction between photons and hadrons. For pions these quantities are poorly constrained experimentally since they can only be measured indirectly. New experiments at CERN and Jefferson Lab are planned that will measure the polarizabilities more precisely. Lattice QCD can be used to compute these quantities directly in terms of quark and gluons degrees of freedom, using the background field method. We present results for the electric polarizability for two different quark masses, light enough to connect to chiral perturbation theory. These are currently the lightest quark masses used in polarizability studies.
QCD on GPUs: cost effective supercomputing
M. A. Clark
2009-12-20
The exponential growth of floating point power in graphics processing units (GPUs), together with their low cost, has given rise to an attractive platform upon which to deploy lattice QCD calculations. GPUs are essentially many (O(100)) core chips, that are programmed using a massively threaded environment, and so are representative of the future of high performance computing (HPC). The large ratio of raw floating point operations per second to memory bandwidth that is characteristic of GPUs necessitates that unique algorithmic design choices are made to harness their full potential. We review the progress to date in using GPUs for large scale calculations, and contrast GPUs against more traditional HPC architectures
Finite Temperature Lattice QCD with Clover Fermions
Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Thomas A. DeGrand; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs M. Heller; Jim Hetrick; Craig McNeile; Kari Rummukainen; Bob Sugar; Doug Toussaint; Matt Wingate
1996-07-31
We report on our simulation of finite temperature lattice QCD with two flavors of ${\\cal O}(a)$ Symanzik-improved fermions and ${\\cal O}(a^2)$ Symanzik-improved glue. Our thermodynamic simulations were performed on an $8^3 \\times 4$ lattice, and we have performed complementary zero temperature simulations on an $8^3 \\times 16$ lattice. We compare our results to those from simulations with two flavors of Wilson fermions and discuss the improvement resulting from use of the improved action.
None
2011-10-06
Modern QCD - Lecture 5 We will introduce and discuss in some detail the two main classes of jets: cone type and sequential-recombination type. We will discuss their basic properties, as well as more advanced concepts such as jet substructure, jet filtering, ways of optimizing the jet radius, ways of defining the areas of jets, and of establishing the quality measure of the jet-algorithm in terms of discriminating power in specific searches. Finally we will discuss applications for Higgs searches involving boosted particles.
Volkmar Putz; Karl Svozil
2015-08-17
We consider ways of conceptualizing, rendering and perceiving quantum music, and quantum art in general. Thereby, we give particular emphasis to its non-classical aspects, such as coherent superposition and entanglement.
Putz, Volkmar
2015-01-01
We consider ways of conceptualizing, rendering and perceiving quantum music, and quantum art in general. Thereby we give particular emphasis to its non-classical aspects, such as coherent superposition and entanglement.
I, Quantum Robot: Quantum Mind control on a Quantum Computer
Paola Zizzi
2009-05-28
The logic which describes quantum robots is not orthodox quantum logic, but a deductive calculus which reproduces the quantum tasks (computational processes, and actions) taking into account quantum superposition and quantum entanglement. A way toward the realization of intelligent quantum robots is to adopt a quantum metalanguage to control quantum robots. A physical implementation of a quantum metalanguage might be the use of coherent states in brain signals.
Nicolas Gisin
2015-07-18
Quantum Communication is the art of transferring an unknown quantum state from one location, Alice, to a distant one, Bob. This is a non-trivial task because of the quantum no-cloning theorem which prevents one from merely using only classical means.
AdS/QCD and Applications of Light-Front Holography
Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; Cao, Fu-Guang; /Massey U.; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.
2012-02-16
Light-Front Holography leads to a rigorous connection between hadronic amplitudes in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space and frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in 3 + 1 physical space-time, thus providing a compelling physical interpretation of the AdS/CFT correspondence principle and AdS/QCD, a useful framework which describes the correspondence between theories in a modified AdS5 background and confining field theories in physical space-time. To a first semiclassical approximation, where quantum loops and quark masses are not included, this approach leads to a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time. The internal structure of hadrons is explicitly introduced and the angular momentum of the constituents plays a key role. We give an overview of the light-front holographic approach to strongly coupled QCD. In particular, we study the photon-to-meson transition form factors (TFFs) F{sub M{gamma}}(Q{sup 2}) for {gamma}{gamma}* {yields} M using light-front holographic methods. The results for the TFFs for the {eta} and {eta}' mesons are also presented. Some novel features of QCD are discussed, including the consequences of confinement for quark and gluon condensates. A method for computing the hadronization of quark and gluon jets at the amplitude level is outlined.
Charmed bottom baryon spectroscopy from lattice QCD
Brown, Zachary S.; Detmold, William; Meinel, Stefan; Orginos, Kostas
2014-11-01
We calculate the masses of baryons containing one, two, or three heavy quarks using lattice QCD. We consider all possible combinations of charm and bottom quarks, and compute a total of 36 different states with JP = 1/2^{+} and JP = 3/2^{+}. We use domain-wall fermions for the up, down, and strange quarks, a relativistic heavy-quark action for the charm quarks, and nonrelativistic QCD for the bottom quarks. Our analysis includes results from two different lattice spacings and seven different pion masses. We perform extrapolations of the baryon masses to the continuum limit and to the physical pion mass using SU(4|2) heavy-hadron chiral perturbation theory including 1/m_{Q} and finite-volume effects. For the 14 singly heavy baryons that have already been observed, our results agree with the experimental values within the uncertainties. We compare our predictions for the hitherto unobserved states with other lattice calculations and quark-model studies.
QCD evolution in the fully unintegrated form
S. Jadach; M. Skrzypek
2009-05-09
The next-to-leading order (NLO) evolution of the parton distribution functions (PDF's) in QCD is the "industry standard" in the lepton-hadron and hadron-hadron collider data analysis. The standard NLO DGLAP evolution is formulated for inclusive (integrated) PDFs and is done using inclusive NLO kernels. We report here on the ongoing project, called KRKMC, in which NLO DGLAP evolution is performed for the exclusive multiparton (fully unintegrated) distributions (ePDF's) with the help of the exclusive kernels. These kernels are calculated within the two-parton phase space for bremsstrahlung subset of the Feynman diagrams of the non-singlet evolution, using Curci-Furmanski-Petronzio factorization scheme. The multiparton distribution with multiple use of the exclusive NLO kernels is implemented in the Monte Carlo program simulating multi-gluon emission from single quark emitter. With high statistics tests ($\\sim 10^{9}$ events) it is shown that the new scheme works perfectly well in practice and is equivalent at the inclusive level with the traditional inclusive NLO DGLAP evolution. Once completed, this Monte Carlo module is aimed as a building block for the NLO parton shower Monte Carlo, for W/Z production at LHC and for ep scattering, as well as a starting point for other perturbative QCD based Monte Carlo projects.
Charmed bottom baryon spectroscopy from lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Brown, Zachary S.; Detmold, William; Meinel, Stefan; Orginos, Kostas
2014-11-01
We calculate the masses of baryons containing one, two, or three heavy quarks using lattice QCD. We consider all possible combinations of charm and bottom quarks, and compute a total of 36 different states with JP = 1/2+ and JP = 3/2+. We use domain-wall fermions for the up, down, and strange quarks, a relativistic heavy-quark action for the charm quarks, and nonrelativistic QCD for the bottom quarks. Our analysis includes results from two different lattice spacings and seven different pion masses. We perform extrapolations of the baryon masses to the continuum limit and to the physical pion mass usingmore »SU(4|2) heavy-hadron chiral perturbation theory including 1/mQ and finite-volume effects. For the 14 singly heavy baryons that have already been observed, our results agree with the experimental values within the uncertainties. We compare our predictions for the hitherto unobserved states with other lattice calculations and quark-model studies.« less
Connecting physical resonant amplitudes and lattice QCD
Daniel R. Bolton; Raul A. Briceno; David J. Wilson
2015-07-28
We present a determination of the isovector, $P$-wave $\\pi\\pi$ scattering phase shift obtained by extrapolating recent lattice QCD results from the Hadron Spectrum Collaboration using $m_\\pi =236$ MeV. The finite volume spectra are described using extensions of L\\"uscher's method to determine the infinite volume Unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory scattering amplitude. We exploit the pion mass dependence of this effective theory to obtain the scattering amplitude at $m_\\pi= 140$ MeV. The scattering phase shift is found to be in good agreement with experiment up to center of mass energies of 1.2 GeV. The analytic continuation of the scattering amplitude to the complex plane yields a $\\rho$-resonance pole at $E_\\rho= \\left[755(2)(1)(^{20}_{02})-\\frac{i}{2}\\,129(3)(1)(^{7}_{1})\\right]~{\\rm MeV}$. The techniques presented illustrate a possible pathway towards connecting lattice QCD observables of few-body, strongly interacting systems to experimentally accessible quantities.
Connecting physical resonant amplitudes and lattice QCD
Bolton, Daniel R; Wilson, David J
2015-01-01
We present a determination of the isovector, $P$-wave $\\pi\\pi$ scattering phase shift obtained by extrapolating recent lattice QCD results from the Hadron Spectrum Collaboration using $m_\\pi =236$ MeV. The finite volume spectra are described using extensions of L\\"uscher's method to determine the infinite volume Unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory scattering amplitude. We exploit the pion mass dependence of this effective theory to obtain the scattering amplitude at $m_\\pi= 140$ MeV. The scattering phase shift is found to be in good agreement with experiment up to center of mass energies of 1.2 GeV. The analytic continuation of the scattering amplitude to the complex plane yields a $\\rho$-resonance pole at $E_\\rho= \\left[755(2)(1)(^{20}_{02})-\\frac{i}{2}\\,129(3)(1)(^{7}_{1})\\right]~{\\rm MeV}$. The techniques presented illustrate a possible pathway towards connecting lattice QCD observables of few-body, strongly interacting systems to experimentally accessible quantities.
Shepelyansky, Dima
Applications of quantum chaos to realistic quantum computations and sound treatment on quantum speech and sound of complex quantum wavefunctions. Keywords: Quantum computers, quantum chaos
Albert Schwarz
2014-08-16
One says that a pair (P,Q) of ordinary differential operators specify a quantum curve if [P,Q]=const. If a pair of difference operators (K,L) obey the relation KL=const LK we say that they specify a discrete quantum curve. This terminology is prompted by well known results about commuting differential and difference operators, relating pairs of such operators with pairs of meromorphic functions on algebraic curves obeying some conditions. The goal of this paper is to study the moduli spaces of quantum curves. We will show how to quantize a pair of commuting differential or difference operators (i.e. to construct the corresponding quantum curve or discrete quantum curve). The KP-hierarchy acts on the moduli space of quantum curves; we prove that similarly the discrete KP-hierarchy acts on the moduli space of discrete quantum curves.
QCD strings and the thermodynamics of the metastable phase of QCD at large $N_c$
Thomas D. Cohen
2006-09-27
The thermodyanmics of a metastable hadronic phase of QCD at large $N_C$ are related to properties of an effective QCD string. In particular, it is shown that in the large $N_c$ limit and near the maximum hadronic temperature, $T_H$, the energy density and pressure of the metastable phase scale as ${\\cal E} \\sim (T_H-T)^{-(D_\\perp-6)/2}$ (for $D_\\perp <6$) and $P \\sim (T_H-T)^{-(D_\\perp-4)/2}$ (for $D_\\perp <4$) where $D_\\perp$ is the effective number of transverse dimensions of the string theory. It is shown, however, that for the thermodynamic quantities of interest the limits $T \\to T_H$ and $N_c \\to \\infty$ do not commute. The prospect of extracting $D_\\perp$ via lattice simulations of the metastable hadronic phase at moderately large $N_c$ is discussed.
Solving the Complex Phase Problem in a QCD Related Model
Ydalia Delgado; Hans Gerd Evertz; Christof Gattringer
2011-10-31
We discuss an effective theory for QCD at finite chemical potential and non-zero temperature, where QCD is reduced to its center degrees of freedom. The effective action can be mapped to a flux representation, where the complex phase problem is solved and the theory accessible to Monte Carlo techniques. In this work, we use a generalized Prokof'ev-Svistunov worm algorithm to perform the simulations and determine the phase diagram as a function of temperature, quark mass and chemical potential. It turns out that the transition is qualitatively as expected for QCD.
Towards a consistent AdS/QCD dictionary
Frederic Jugeau
2009-03-01
This note focuses on the large-N behaviour of the Hard Wall model of QCD and clarifies the AdS/QCD dictionary formulated on the basis of the AdS/CFT correspondence. It is shown how short-distance studies performed in the framework of the AdS/QCD Soft Wall model allow one to determine unambiguously the chiral symmetry breaking function in the Hard Wall model. Especially, the different forms of the field/operator prescription are emphasized. The large-N behaviour of the Hard Wall model is then checked considering the vector and gravitational form factors of the pion in the chiral limit.
Heavy-baryon quark model picture from lattice QCD
J. Vijande; A. Valcarce; H. Garcilazo
2015-07-14
The ground state and excited spectra of baryons containing three identical heavy quarks, $b$ or $c$, have been recently calculated in nonperturbative lattice QCD. The energy of positive and negative parity excitations has been determined with high precision. Lattice results constitute a unique opportunity to learn about the quark-confinement mechanism as well as elucidating our knowledge about the nature of the strong force. We analyze the nonperturbative lattice QCD results by means of heavy-quark static potentials derived using SU(3) lattice QCD. We make use of different numerical techniques for the three-body problem.
Handbook Article on Applications of Random Matrix Theory to QCD
J. J. M. Verbaarschot
2009-10-21
In this chapter of the Oxford Handbook of Random Matrix Theory we introduce chiral Random Matrix Theories with the global symmetries of QCD. In the microscopic domain, these theories reproduce the mass and chemical potential dependence of QCD. The main focus of this chapter is on the spectral properties of the QCD Dirac operator and relations between chiral Random Matrix Theories and chiral Lagrangians. Both spectra of the anti-hermitian Dirac operator and spectra of the nonhermitian Dirac operator at nonzero chemical potential are discussed.
Improving the Infra-red of Holographic Descriptions of QCD
Nick Evans; Andrew Tedder; Tom Waterson
2007-01-03
A surprisingly good holographic description of QCD can be obtained from naive five dimensional gauge theory on a truncated AdS space. We seek to improve the infra-red description of QCD in such models by using a more sophisticated metric and an action derived from string theory duals of chiral symmetry breaking. Our metric is smooth into the infra-red and the chiral condensate is a prediction of the dynamics. The theory reproduces QCD meson data at the 10% level.
Quantum information science and complex quantum systems
Michael A. Nielsen
2002-10-01
What makes quantum information science a science? This paper explores the idea that quantum information science may offer a powerful approach to the study of complex quantum systems.
The Hot QCD White Paper: Exploring the Phases of QCD at RHIC and the LHC
Yasuyuki Akiba; Aaron Angerami; Helen Caines; Anthony Frawley; Ulrich Heinz; Barbara Jacak; Jiangyong Jia; Tuomas Lappi; Wei Li; Abhijit Majumder; David Morrison; Mateusz Ploskon; Joern Putschke; Krishna Rajagopal; Ralf Rapp; Gunther Roland; Paul Sorensen; Urs Wiedemann; Nu Xu; W. A. Zajc
2015-02-09
The past decade has seen huge advances in experimental measurements made in heavy ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and more recently at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These new data, in combination with theoretical advances from calculations made in a variety of frameworks, have led to a broad and deep knowledge of the properties of thermal QCD matter. Increasingly quantitative descriptions of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in these collisions have established that the QGP is a strongly coupled liquid with the lowest value of specific viscosity ever measured. However, much remains to be learned about the precise nature of the initial state from which this liquid forms, how its properties vary across its phase diagram and how, at a microscopic level, the collective properties of this liquid emerge from the interactions among the individual quarks and gluons that must be visible if the liquid is probed with sufficiently high resolution. This white paper, prepared by the Hot QCD Writing Group as part of the U.S. Long Range Plan for Nuclear Physics, reviews the recent progress in the field of hot QCD and outlines the scientific opportunities in the next decade for resolving the outstanding issues in the field.
Implications of CP-violating transitions in hot quark matter on heavy ion collisions
Harmen J. Warringa
2008-05-09
Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) predicts that topological charge changing transitions will take place in hot quark matter. Such transitions induce P- and CP-violating effects. We will show that in the presence of a magnetic field these transitions can separate quarks according to their electric charge along the direction of the magnetic field. This is the so-called Chiral Magnetic Effect. We will argue that it might be possible to observe the Chiral Magnetic Effect in heavy ion collisions.
The QCD phase diagram from analytic continuation
Bellwied, R; Fodor, Z; Günther, J; Katz, S D; Ratti, C; Szabo, K K
2015-01-01
We present the crossover line between the quark gluon plasma and the hadron gas phases for small real chemical potentials. First we determine the effect of imaginary values of the chemical potential on the transition temperature using lattice QCD simulations. Then we use various formulas to perform an analytic continuation to real values of the baryo-chemical potential. Our data set maintains strangeness neutrality to match the conditions of heavy ion physics. The systematic errors are under control up to $\\mu_B\\approx 300$ MeV. For the curvature of the transition line we find that there is an approximate agreement between values from three different observables: the chiral susceptibility, chiral condensate and strange quark susceptibility. The continuum extrapolation is based on $N_t=$ 10, 12 and 16 lattices. By combining the analysis for these three observables we find, for the curvature, the value $\\kappa = 0.0149 \\pm 0.0021$.
Dense QCD: a Holographic Dyonic Salt
Mannque Rho; Sang-Jin Sin; Ismail Zahed
2009-10-23
Dense QCD at zero temperature with a large number of colors is a crystal. We show that in the holographic dual description, the crystal is made out of pairs of dyons with $e=g=\\pm 1$ charges in a salt-like arrangement. We argue that with increasing density the dyon masses and topological charges equalize, turning the salt-like configuration to a bcc of half-instantons. The latter is dual to a cubic crystal of half-skyrmions. We estimate the transition from an fcc crystal of instantons to a bcc crystal of dyons to about 3 times nuclear matter density with a dyon binding energy of about 180 MeV.
Axel Maas; Daniel Zwanziger
2013-01-15
We derive some exact bounds on the free energy $W(J)$ in QCD, where $J_\\mu^b$ is a source for the gluon field $A_\\mu^b$ in the minimal Landau gauge, and $W(J)$ is the generating functional of connected gluon correlators. Among other results, we show that for a static source $J(x) = h$ the free energy vanishes, $W(h) = 0$, together with its first derivative, ${\\partial W(h) \\over \\partial h} = 0,$ for all $h$, no matter how strong. Thus the system does not respond to a static color probe. We also present numerical evaluations of the free energy $W(J)$ and find that the bounds are well satisfied and in fact undersaturated.
Helium Nuclei in Quenched Lattice QCD
T. Yamazaki; Y. Kuramashi; A. Ukawa; for the PACS-CS Collaboration
2009-12-08
We present results for the binding energies for He and ^3He nuclei calculated in quenched lattice QCD at the lattice spacing of a = 0.128 fm with a heavy quark mass corresponding to m_pi = 0.8 GeV. Enormous computational cost for the nucleus correlation functions is reduced by avoiding redundancy of equivalent contractions stemming from permutation symmetry of protons or neutrons in the nucleus and various other symmetries. To distinguish a bound state from an attractive scattering state, we investigate the volume dependence of the energy difference between the nucleus and the free multi-nucleon states by changing the spatial extent of the lattice from 3.1 fm to 12.3 fm. A finite energy difference left in the infinite spatial volume limit leads to the conclusion that the measured ground states are bounded. It is also encouraging that the measured binding energies and the experimental ones show the same order of magnitude.
New formalism for QCD parton showers.
Gieseke, Stefan; Stephens, Phil; Webber, Bryan R
light quark we define as in sect. 5.1 qi = ?ipa + ?in+ q?i (5.32) – 22 – for i = a, c, g, where q?a = 0, q?c = ?k?, q?g = k?, and n is as in eq. (5.3). Then the ?i’s and ?i’s are given by eqs. (5.7) with the substitution b ? a. The light antiquark... generator. Keywords: QCD, Jets, Heavy Quark Physics. Contents 1. Introduction 2 2. New variables for parton branching 3 2.1 Final-state quark branching 3 2.1.1 Kinematics 3 2.1.2 Running coupling 3 2.1.3 Evolution variable 4 2.1.4 Branching probability 4 2.2...
Nuclear Parity Violation from Lattice QCD
Kurth, Thorsten; Rinaldi, Enrico; Vranas, Pavlos; Nicholson, Amy; Strother, Mark; Walker-Loud, Andre
2015-01-01
The electroweak interaction at the level of quarks and gluons are well understood from precision measurements in high energy collider experiments. Relating these fundamental parameters to Hadronic Parity Violation in nuclei however remains an outstanding theoretical challenge. One of the most interesting observables in this respect is the parity violating hadronic neutral current: it is hard to measure in collider experiments and is thus the least constrained observable of the Standard Model. Precision measurements of parity violating transitions in nuclei can help to improve these constraints. In these systems however, the weak interaction is masked by effects of the seven orders of magnitude stronger non-perturbative strong interaction. Therefore, in order to relate experimental measurements of the parity violating pion-nucleon couplings to the fundamental Lagrangian of the SM, these non-perturbative effects have to be well understood. In this paper, we are going to present a Lattice QCD approach for comput...
The QCD spectrum with three quark flavors
Claude Bernard; Tom Burch; Thomas A. DeGrand; Saumen Datta; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs M. Heller; Kostas Orginos; Robert Sugar; Doug Toussaint
2001-05-29
We present results from a lattice hadron spectrum calculation using three flavors of dynamical quarks - two light and one strange, and quenched simulations for comparison. These simulations were done using a one-loop Symanzik improved gauge action and an improved Kogut-Susskind quark action. The lattice spacings, and hence also the physical volumes, were tuned to be the same in all the runs to better expose differences due to flavor number. Lattice spacings were tuned using the static quark potential, so as a byproduct we obtain updated results for the effect of sea quarks on the static quark potential. We find indications that the full QCD meson spectrum is in better agreement with experiment than the quenched spectrum. For the 0++ (a0) meson we see a coupling to two pseudoscalar mesons, or a meson decay on the lattice.
QCD Breaks Lorentz Invariance and Colour
Balachandran, A P
2015-01-01
In a previous work [1], we have argued that the algebra of non-abelian superselection rules is spontaneously broken to its maximal abelian subalgebra, that is, the algebra generated by its completing commuting set (the two Casimirs and a basis of its Cartan subalgebra). In this paper, alternative arguments confirming these results are presented. In addition, Lorentz invariance is shown to be broken in QCD, just as it is in QED. The experimental consequences of these results include fuzzy mass and spin shells of coloured particles like quarks, and decay life times which depend on the frame of observation [2, 4]. In a paper under preparation, these results are extended to the ADM Poincare' group and the local Lorentz group of frames. The renormalisation of the ADM energy by infrared gravitons is also estimated.
Feynman rules for Coulomb gauge QCD
Andrasi, A.; Taylor, J.C.
2012-10-15
The Coulomb gauge in nonabelian gauge theories is attractive in principle, but beset with technical difficulties in perturbation theory. In addition to ordinary Feynman integrals, there are, at 2-loop order, Christ-Lee (CL) terms, derived either by correctly ordering the operators in the Hamiltonian, or by resolving ambiguous Feynman integrals. Renormalization theory depends on the sub-graph structure of ordinary Feynman graphs. The CL terms do not have a sub-graph structure. We show how to carry out renormalization in the presence of CL terms, by re-expressing these as 'pseudo-Feynman' integrals. We also explain how energy divergences cancel. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In Coulomb gauge QCD, we re-express Christ-Lee terms in the Hamiltonian as pseudo-Feynman integrals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This gives a subgraph structure, and allows the ordinary renormalization process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It also leads to cancellation of energy-divergences.
Federico R. Urban; Ariel R. Zhitnitsky
2010-03-12
The origin of the observed dark energy could be explained entirely within the standard model, with no new fields required. We show how the low-energy sector of the chiral QCD Lagrangian, once embedded in a non-trivial spacetime, gives rise to a cosmological vacuum energy density which can be can be presented entirely in terms of QCD parameters and the Hubble constant $H$ as $\\rho_\\Lambda \\simeq H \\cdot m_q\\la\\bar{q}q\\ra /m_{\\eta'} \\sim (4.3\\cdot 10^{-3} \\text{eV})^4$. In this work we focus on the dynamics of the ghost fields that are essential ingredients of the aforementioned Lagrangian. In particular, we argue that the Veneziano ghost, being unphysical in the usual Minkowski QFT, becomes a physical degree of freedom if the universe is expanding. As an immediate consequence, all relevant effects are naturally very small as they are proportional to the rate of expansion $H/ \\Lqcd \\sim 10^{-41}$. The co-existence of these two drastically different scales ($\\Lqcd \\sim 100 $ MeV and $H \\sim 10^{-33}$ eV) is a direct consequence of the auxiliary conditions on the physical Hilbert space that are necessary to keep the theory unitary. The exact cancellation taking place in Minkowski space due to this auxiliary condition is slightly violated when the system is upgraded to an expanding background. Nevertheless, this "tiny" effect is in fact the driving force accelerating the universe today. We also derive the time dependent equation of state $w(t)$ for the dark energy component which tracks the dynamics of the Veneziano ghost in a FLRW universe. Finally, we comment on how the same physical phenomena can be recovered in Witten's approach to the U(1) problem when the ghost degree of freedom is not even present in the system.
Debye mass at the QCD transition in the PNJL model
Jankowski, J; Kaczmarek, O
2015-01-01
We consider colour-electric screening as expressed by the quark contribution to the Debye mass calculated in a PNJL model with emphasis on confining and chiral symmetry breaking effects. We observe that the screening mass is entirely determined by the nonperturbative quark distribution function and temperature dependent QCD running coupling. The role of the gluon background (Polyakov loop) is to provide strong suppression of the number of charge carriers below the transition temperature, as an effect of confinement, while the temperature dependent dynamical quark mass contributes additional suppression, as an effect of chiral symmetry breaking. An alternative derivation of this result from a modified kinetic theory is given, which allows for a slight generalization and explicit contact with perturbative QCD. This gives the possibility to gain insights into the colour screening mechanism in the region near the QCD pseudocritical temperature and to provide a guideline for the interpretation of lattice QCD data.
Unsafe but calculable: ratios of angularities in perturbative QCD
Thaler, Jesse
Infrared- and collinear-safe (IRC-safe) observables have finite cross sections to each fixed-order in perturbative QCD. Generically, ratios of IRC-safe observables are themselves not IRC safe and do not have a valid ...
QCD and High Energy Interactions: Moriond 2015 Theory Summary
Zanderighi, Giulia
2015-01-01
I will summarise the new theory developments that emerged during the 2015 QCD Moriond conference. I will give my perspective on some of the topics and emphasise what I consider most relevant.
Instantons and quark zero modes in AdS/QCD
Jacopo Bechi
2009-09-16
In this paper the quark zero modes creation effect is studied in the context of the AdS/QCD approach. This effect is generated, in presence of instantons, by a new that can be added in the bulk.
QCD effects in Higgs boson production at hadron colliders
M. Grazzini
2010-01-21
We present updated predictions for Higgs boson production at the Tevatron and the LHC and we review their corresponding uncertainties. We report on a study of the impact of QCD radiative corrections on the Higgs boson search at the Tevatron.
(2+1)-flavor QCD Thermodynamics from the Gradient Flow
Itou, Etsuko; Taniguchi, Yusuke; Umeda, Takashi
2015-01-01
Recently, we proposed a novel method to define and calculate the energy-momentum tensor (EMT) in lattice gauge theory on the basis of the Yang-Mills gradient flow [1]. In this proceedings, we summarize the basic idea and technical steps to obtain the bulk thermodynamic quantities in lattice gauge theory using this method for the quenched and $(2+1)$-flavor QCD. The revised results of integration measure (trace anomaly) and entropy density of the quenched QCD with corrected coefficients are shown. Furthermore, we also show the flow time dependence of the parts of EMT including the dynamical fermions. This work is based on a joint-collaboration between FlowQCD and WHOT QCD.
Random matrix model for QCD_3 staggered fermions
P. Bialas; Z. Burda; B. Petersson
2010-06-02
We show that the lowest part of the eigenvalue density of the staggered fermion operator in lattice QCD_3 at small lattice coupling constant beta has exactly the same shape as in QCD_4. This observation is quite surprising, since universal properties of the QCD_3 Dirac operator are expected to be described by a non-chiral matrix model. We show that this effect is related to the specific nature of the staggered fermion discretization and that the eigenvalue density evolves towards the non-chiral random matrix prediction when beta is increased and the continuum limit is approached. We propose a two-matrix model with one free parameter which interpolates between the two limits and very well mimics the pattern of evolution with beta of the eigenvalue density of the staggered fermion operator in QCD_3.
New analogies between extreme QCD and cold atoms
Nishida, Yusuke
2012-08-15
We discuss two new analogies between extreme QCD and cold atoms. One is the analogue of 'hard probes' in cold atoms. The other is the analogue of 'quark-hadron continuity' in cold atoms.
Pion polarizabilities and volume effects in lattice QCD
Hu Jie; Jiang Fujiun; Tiburzi, Brian C.
2008-01-01
We use chiral perturbation theory to study the extraction of pion electromagnetic polarizabilities from lattice QCD. Chiral extrapolation formulae are derived for partially quenched QCD, and quenched QCD simulations. On a torus, volume dependence of electromagnetic current correlators is complicated by SO(4) breaking, as well as photon zero-mode interactions. We determine finite volume corrections to the Compton scattering tensor of pions. We argue, however, that such results cannot be used to ascertain volume corrections to polarizabilities determined in lattice QCD with background field methods. Connection is lacking because small momentum expansions are not permitted in finite volume. Our argument also applies to form factors. Volume effects for background field calculations of electromagnetic moments cannot be deduced from finite volume form factors.
Charm and bottom hadronic form factors with QCD sum rules
Bracco, M. E.; Rodrigues, B. O.; Cerqueira, A. Jr.
2013-03-25
We present a brief review of some calculations of form factors and coupling constants in vertices with charm and bottom mesons in the framework of QCD sum rules. We first discuss the motivation for this work, describing possible applications of these form factors to charm and bottom decays processes. We first make a summarize of the QCD sum rules method. We give special attention to the uncertainties of the method introducing by the intrinsic variation of the parameters. Finally we conclude.
Buried treasure in the sand of the QCD vacuum
P. J. Moran; D. B. Leinweber
2008-05-28
The short-range structure of the 2+1 flavour QCD vacuum is studied through visualisations of the topological charge density. Of particular interest is a new Gaussian weighted smearing algorithm which is applied to the rough topological charge density to disclose underlying long range structure. The results provide support for the view of the QCD vacuum as a sandwich of sign-alternating sheets of charge, with a long-range structure hidden beneath.
Dynamical QCD+QED simulation with staggered quarks
Ran Zhou; Steven Gottlieb
2014-11-15
Electromagnetic effects play an important role in many phenomena such as isospin-symmetry breaking in the hadron spectrum and the hadronic contributions to g-2. We have generalized the MILC QCD code to include the electromagnetic field. In this work, we focus on simulations including charged sea quarks using the RHMC algorithm. We show details of the dynamical QCD+QED simulation algorithm with compact QED. We analyze the code performance and results for hadron-spectrum observables.
Thermodynamics of QCD at large quark chemical potential
Andreas Gerhold; Andreas Ipp; Anton Rebhan
2005-12-21
We review the existing weak-coupling results on the thermodynamic potential of deconfined QCD at small and large quark chemical potential and compare with results from lattice gauge theory as well as the exactly solvable case of large-N_f QCD. We also discuss the new analytical results on non-Fermi-liquid effects in entropy and specific heat as well as in dispersion laws of quark quasiparticles at large quark chemical potential.
A New Mass Formula for NG Bosons in QCD
Reginald T. Cahill; Susan M. Gunner
1995-09-01
An often used mass formula for Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons in QCD, such as the pions, involves the condensate $$, $f_{\\pi}$ and the quark current masses. We argue, within the context of the Global Colour Model to QCD, that this expression is wrong. Analysis of the interplay between the Dyson-Schwinger equation for the constituent quark effect and the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the NG boson results in a new mass formula.
Evolution of gravitational waves through the cosmological QCD transition
Dominik J. Schwarz
1998-11-06
The spectrum of gravitational waves that have been produced in inflation is modified during cosmological transitions. Large drops in the number of relativistic particles, like during the QCD transition or at $e^+e^-$ annihilation, lead to steps in the spectrum of gravitational waves. We calculate the transfer function for the differential energy density of gravitational waves for a first-order and for a crossover QCD transition.
Light-Front Holography, Light-Front Wavefunctions, and Novel QCD Phenomena
Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.
2012-02-16
Light-Front Holography is one of the most remarkable features of the AdS/CFT correspondence. In spite of its present limitations it provides important physical insights into the nonperturbative regime of QCD and its transition to the perturbative domain. This novel framework allows hadronic amplitudes in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space to be mapped to frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in physical space-time. The model leads to an effective confining light-front QCD Hamiltonian and a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time and determines the off-shell dynamics of the bound-state wavefunctions, and thus the fall-off as a function of the invariant mass of the constituents. The soft-wall holographic model modified by a positive-sign dilaton metric, leads to a remarkable one-parameter description of nonperturbative hadron dynamics - a semi-classical frame-independent first approximation to the spectra and light-front wavefunctions of meson and baryons. The model predicts a Regge spectrum of linear trajectories with the same slope in the leading orbital angular momentum L of hadrons and the radial quantum number n. The hadron eigensolutions projected on the free Fock basis provides the complete set of valence and non-valence light-front Fock state wavefunctions {Psi}{sub n/H} (x{sub i}, k{sub {perpendicular}i}, {lambda}{sub i}) which describe the hadron's momentum and spin distributions needed to compute the direct measures of hadron structure at the quark and gluon level, such as elastic and transition form factors, distribution amplitudes, structure functions, generalized parton distributions and transverse momentum distributions. The effective confining potential also creates quark-antiquark pairs from the amplitude q {yields} q{bar q}q. Thus in holographic QCD higher Fock states can have any number of extra q{bar q} pairs. We discuss the relevance of higher Fock-states for describing the detailed structure of space and time-like form factors. The AdS/QCD model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method in order to systematically include the QCD interaction terms. A new perspective on quark and gluon condensates is also obtained.
Weedbrook, Christian
The science of quantum information has arisen over the last two decades centered on the manipulation of individual quanta of information, known as quantum bits or qubits. Quantum computers, quantum cryptography, and quantum ...
Quantum Chaos in Compact Lattice QED
B. A. Berg; H. Markum; R. Pullirsch
1998-12-10
Complete eigenvalue spectra of the staggered Dirac operator in quenched $4d$ compact QED are studied on $8^3 \\times 4$ and $8^3 \\times 6$ lattices. We investigate the behavior of the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution $P(s)$ as a measure of the fluctuation properties of the eigenvalues in the strong coupling and the Coulomb phase. In both phases we find agreement with the Wigner surmise of the unitary ensemble of random-matrix theory indicating quantum chaos. Combining this with previous results on QCD, we conjecture that quite generally the non-linear couplings of quantum field theories lead to a chaotic behavior of the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator.
Quantum chaos in compact lattice QED
Berg, B.A. [Department of Physics, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States)] [Department of Physics, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); [Supercomputer Computations Research Institute, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Markum, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)] [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Pullirsch, R. [Department of Physics, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States)] [Department of Physics, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)
1999-05-01
Complete eigenvalue spectra of the staggered Dirac operator in quenched 4D compact QED are studied on 8{sup 3}{times}4 and 8{sup 3}{times}6 lattices. We investigate the behavior of the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution P(s) as a measure of the fluctuation properties of the eigenvalues in the strong coupling and the Coulomb phase. In both phases we find agreement with the Wigner surmise of the unitary ensemble of random-matrix theory indicating quantum chaos. Combining this with previous results on QCD, we conjecture that quite generally the non-linear couplings of quantum field theories lead to a chaotic behavior of the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}
Sai Vinjanampathy; Janet Anders
2015-08-25
Quantum thermodynamics is an emerging research field aiming to extend standard thermodynamics and non-equilibrium statistical physics to ensembles of sizes well below the thermodynamic limit, in non-equilibrium situations, and with the full inclusion of quantum effects. Fuelled by experimental advances and the potential of future nanoscale applications this research effort is pursued by scientists with different backgrounds, including statistical physics, many-body theory, mesoscopic physics and quantum information theory, who bring various tools and methods to the field. A multitude of theoretical questions are being addressed ranging from issues of thermalisation of quantum systems and various definitions of "work", to the efficiency and power of quantum engines. This overview provides a perspective on a selection of these current trends accessible to postgraduate students and researchers alike.
Infrared Freezing of Euclidean QCD observables
Paul M. Brooks; C. J. Maxwell
2006-08-22
We consider the leading one-chain term in a skeleton expansion for QCD observables and show that for energies Q^2>\\Lambda^2, where Q^2=\\Lambda^2 is the Landau pole in the coupling, the skeleton expansion result is equivalent to the standard Borel integral representation, with ambiguities related to infrared (IR) renormalons. For Q^2freezing behaviour, vanishing at Q^2=0. Finiteness at Q^2=\\Lambda^2 implies specific relations between the residues of IR and UV renormalons in the Borel plane. These relations, only one of which has previously been noted (though it remained unexplained) are shown to follow from the continuity of the characteristic function in the skeleton expansion. By considering the compensation of non-perturbative and perturbative ambiguities we are led to a result for the Q^2 dependence of these observables at all Q^2, in which there is a single undetermined non-perturbative parameter, and which involves the skeleton expansion characteristic function. The observables freeze to zero in the infrared. We briefly consider the freezing behaviour of the Minkowskian R_{e+e-} ratio.
Conformal Properties in High Temperature QCD
Ishikawa, K -I; Nakayama, Yu; Yoshie, T
2015-01-01
We investigate the properties of quarks and gluons above the chiral phase transition temperature $T_c,$ using the RG improved gauge action and the Wilson quark action with two degenerate quarks mainly on a $32^3\\times 16$ lattice. In the one-loop perturbation theory, the thermal ensemble is dominated by the gauge configurations with effectively $Z(3)$ center twisted boundary conditions, making the thermal expectation value of the spatial Polyakov loop take a non-trivial $Z(3)$ center. This is in agreement with our lattice simulation of high temperature QCD. We further observe that the temporal propagator of massless quarks at extremely high temperature $\\beta=100.0 \\, (T \\simeq10^{58} T_c)$ remarkably agrees with the temporal propagator of free quarks with the $Z(3)$ twisted boundary condition for $t/L_t \\geq 0.2$, but differs from that with the $Z(3)$ trivial boundary condition. As we increase the mass of quarks $m_q$, we find that the thermal ensemble continues to be dominated by the $Z(3)$ twisted gauge fi...
Nuclear Parity Violation from Lattice QCD
Thorsten Kurth; Evan Berkowitz; Enrico Rinaldi; Pavlos Vranas; Amy Nicholson; Mark Strother; Andre Walker-Loud
2015-11-06
The electroweak interaction at the level of quarks and gluons are well understood from precision measurements in high energy collider experiments. Relating these fundamental parameters to Hadronic Parity Violation in nuclei however remains an outstanding theoretical challenge. One of the most interesting observables in this respect is the parity violating hadronic neutral current: it is hard to measure in collider experiments and is thus the least constrained observable of the Standard Model. Precision measurements of parity violating transitions in nuclei can help to improve these constraints. In these systems however, the weak interaction is masked by effects of the seven orders of magnitude stronger non-perturbative strong interaction. Therefore, in order to relate experimental measurements of the parity violating pion-nucleon couplings to the fundamental Lagrangian of the SM, these non-perturbative effects have to be well understood. In this paper, we are going to present a Lattice QCD approach for computing the $\\Delta I{=}2$ parity violating matrix element in proton proton scattering. This process does not involve disconnected diagrams in the isospin symmetric limit and is thus a perfect testbed for studying the feasibility of the more involved calculation of the parity violating pion-nucleon coupling.
The (magnetized) effective QCD phase diagram
Alejandro Ayala
2015-09-02
I present the highlights of a recent study of the effective QCD phase diagram on the temperature T and quark chemical potential mu plane, where the strong interactions are modeled using the linear sigma model coupled to quarks. The phase transition line is found from the effective potential at finite T and mu taking into account the plasma screening effects. We find the location of the critical end point (CEP) to be (mu^CEP/T_c,T^CEP/T_c) \\sim (1.2,0.8), where T_c is the (pseudo)critical temperature for the crossover phase transition at vanishing mu. This location lies within the region found by lattice inspired calculations. Since the linear sigma model does not exhibit confinement, I argue that the location is due to the proper treatment of the plasma screening effects and not to the size of the confining scale. I also comment on the extension of this study to determine the dependence of the CEP's location on the strength of an external magnetic field.
QCD resummation for light-particle jets
Hsiang-nan Li; Zhao Li; C. -P. Yuan
2013-04-08
We construct an evolution equation for the invariant-mass distribution of light-quark and gluon jets in the framework of QCD resummation. The solution of the evolution equation exhibits a behavior consistent with Tevatron CDF data: the jet distribution vanishes in the small invariant-mass limit, and its peak moves toward the high invariant-mass region with the jet energy. We also construct an evolution equation for the energy profile of the light-quark and gluon jets in the similar framework. The solution shows that the energy accumulates faster within a light-quark jet cone than within a gluon jet cone. The jet energy profile convoluted with hard scattering and parton distribution functions matches well with the Tevatron CDF and the large-hadron-collider (LHC) CMS data. Moreover, comparison with the CDF and CMS data implies that jets with large (small) transverse momentum are mainly composed of the light-quark (gluon) jets. At last, we discuss the application of the above solutions for the light-particle jets to the identification of highly-boosted heavy particles produced at LHC.
Domain wall QCD with physical quark masses
RBC,; Blum, T; Boyle, P A; Christ, N H; Frison, J; Garron, N; Hudspith, R J; Izubuchi, T; Janowski, T; Jung, C; Juettner, A; Kelly, C; Kenway, R D; Lehner, C; Marinkovic, M; Mawhinney, R D; McGlynn, G; Murphy, D J; Ohta, S; Portelli, A; Sachrajda, C T; Soni, A
2014-01-01
We present results for several light hadronic quantities ($f_\\pi$, $f_K$, $B_K$, $m_{ud}$, $m_s$, $t_0^{1/2}$, $w_0$) obtained from simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall lattice QCD with large physical volumes and nearly-physical pion masses at two lattice spacings. We perform a short, O(3)%, extrapolation in pion mass to the physical values by combining our new data in a simultaneous chiral/continuum `global fit' with a number of other ensembles with heavier pion masses. We use the physical values of $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ to determine the two quark masses and the scale - all other quantities are outputs from our simulations. We obtain results with sub-percent statistical errors and negligible chiral and finite-volume systematics for these light hadronic quantities, including: $f_\\pi$ = 130.2(9) MeV; $f_K$ = 155.5(8) MeV; the average up/down quark mass and strange quark mass in the $\\overline {\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 2.997(49) and 81.64(1.17) MeV respectively; and the neutral kaon mixing parameter, ...
Domain wall QCD with physical quark masses
RBC; UKQCD collaborations; :; T. Blum; P. A. Boyle; N. H. Christ; J. Frison; N. Garron; R. J. Hudspith; T. Izubuchi; T. Janowski; C. Jung; A. Juettner; C. Kelly; R. D. Kenway; C. Lehner; M. Marinkovic; R. D. Mawhinney; G. McGlynn; D. J. Murphy; S. Ohta; A. Portelli; C. T. Sachrajda; A. Soni
2014-11-25
We present results for several light hadronic quantities ($f_\\pi$, $f_K$, $B_K$, $m_{ud}$, $m_s$, $t_0^{1/2}$, $w_0$) obtained from simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall lattice QCD with large physical volumes and nearly-physical pion masses at two lattice spacings. We perform a short, O(3)%, extrapolation in pion mass to the physical values by combining our new data in a simultaneous chiral/continuum `global fit' with a number of other ensembles with heavier pion masses. We use the physical values of $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ to determine the two quark masses and the scale - all other quantities are outputs from our simulations. We obtain results with sub-percent statistical errors and negligible chiral and finite-volume systematics for these light hadronic quantities, including: $f_\\pi$ = 130.2(9) MeV; $f_K$ = 155.5(8) MeV; the average up/down quark mass and strange quark mass in the $\\overline {\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 2.997(49) and 81.64(1.17) MeV respectively; and the neutral kaon mixing parameter, $B_K$, in the RGI scheme, 0.750(15) and the $\\overline{\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 0.530(11).
Exact and approximate fermion Green`s functions in QED and QCD
Fried, H.M. [Physics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (United States)] [Physics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (United States); Gabellini, Y. [Institut Non-Lineaire de Nice, 1361, Route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [Institut Non-Lineaire de Nice, 1361, Route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France); McKellar, B.H.J. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3052 (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3052 (Australia)
1995-06-15
That special variant of the Fradkin representation, previously defined for scalar Green`s functions {ital G}{sub {ital c}}({ital x},{ital y}{vert_bar}{ital A}) in an arbitrary potential {ital A}({ital z}), is here extended to the case of vector interactions and spinor Green`s functions of QED and QCD. An exact representation is given which may again be approximated by a finite number {ital N} of quadratures, with the order of magnitude of the errors generated specified in advance, and decreasing with increasing {ital N}. A feature appears for both exact and approximate {ital G}{sub {ital c}}[{ital A}]: the possibility of chaotic behavior of a function central to the representation, which in turn generates chaotic behavior in {ital G}{sub {ital c}}[{ital A}] for certain {ital A}({ital z}). An example is given to show how the general criterion specified here works for a known case of ``quantum chaos,`` in a potential theory context of first quantization. When the full, nonperturbative, radiative corrections of quantum field theory are included, such chaotic effects are removed.
QCD analysis of $W$- and $Z$-boson production at Tevatron (Journal...
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QCD analysis of W- and Z-boson production at Tevatron Citation Details In-Document Search Title: QCD analysis of W- and Z-boson production at Tevatron You are accessing...
Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion at NNLO QCD with...
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Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion at NNLO QCD with parton showers Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion at NNLO QCD with...
Frank Steiner
1994-02-07
A short historical overview is given on the development of our knowledge of complex dynamical systems with special emphasis on ergodicity and chaos, and on the semiclassical quantization of integrable and chaotic systems. The general trace formula is discussed as a sound mathematical basis for the semiclassical quantization of chaos. Two conjectures are presented on the basis of which it is argued that there are unique fluctuation properties in quantum mechanics which are universal and, in a well defined sense, maximally random if the corresponding classical system is strongly chaotic. These properties constitute the quantum mechanical analogue of the phenomenon of chaos in classical mechanics. Thus quantum chaos has been found.
Physicalism versus quantum mechanics
Stapp, Henry P; Theoretical Physics Group; Physics Division
2009-01-01
Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. (Princeton UniversityMind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics, (Springer, Berlin & NewMindful Universe: Quantum Mechanics and the Participating
Maximum Entropy Analysis of the Spectral Functions in Lattice QCD
M. Asakawa; T. Hatsuda; Y. Nakahara
2001-02-26
First principle calculation of the QCD spectral functions (SPFs) based on the lattice QCD simulations is reviewed. Special emphasis is placed on the Bayesian inference theory and the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM), which is a useful tool to extract SPFs from the imaginary-time correlation functions numerically obtained by the Monte Carlo method. Three important aspects of MEM are (i) it does not require a priori assumptions or parametrizations of SPFs, (ii) for given data, a unique solution is obtained if it exists, and (iii) the statistical significance of the solution can be quantitatively analyzed. The ability of MEM is explicitly demonstrated by using mock data as well as lattice QCD data. When applied to lattice data, MEM correctly reproduces the low-energy resonances and shows the existence of high-energy continuum in hadronic correlation functions. This opens up various possibilities for studying hadronic properties in QCD beyond the conventional way of analyzing the lattice data. Future problems to be studied by MEM in lattice QCD are also summarized.
Probing QCD with jets, photons and weak bosons at the LHC with ATLAS
Cooper, Ben [University College London, London (United Kingdom); Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration
2012-10-23
A summary of ATLAS measurements that probe 'hard' QCD interactions in the protonproton collisions of the LHC are presented.
$?_b \\to p l^- \\bar?$ form factors from lattice QCD with static b quarks
William Detmold; C. -J. David Lin; Stefan Meinel; Matthew Wingate
2013-06-03
We present a lattice QCD calculation of form factors for the decay $\\Lambda_b \\to p \\mu^- \\bar{\
The 3D structure of the hadrons: recents results and experimental program at Jefferson Lab
Munoz Camacho, Carlos
2014-04-01
The understanding of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) at large distances still remains one of the main outstanding problems of nuclear physics. Studying the internal structure of hadrons provides a way to probe QCD in the non-perturbative domain and can help us unravel the internal structure of the most elementary blocks of matter. Jefferson Lab (JLab) has already delivered results on how elementary quarks and gluons create nucleon structure and properties. The upgrade of JLab to 12 GeV will allow the full exploration of the valence-quark structure of nucleons and the extraction of real threedimensional pictures. I will present recent results and review the future experimental program at JLab.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Khachatryan, Vardan
2014-10-14
Event-shape variables, which are sensitive to perturbative and nonperturbative aspects of quantum chromodynamic (QCD) interactions, are studied in multijet events recorded in proton-proton collisions at s?=7 TeV. Events are selected with at least one jet with transverse momentum p T > 110 GeV and pseudorapidity |?| < 2.4, in a data sample corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5 fb?1. The distributions of five event-shape variables in various leading jet p T ranges are compared to predictions from different QCD Monte Carlo event generators.
Marquard, P; Seidel, D; Steinhauser, M
2009-01-01
We evaluate the corrections to the matching coefficient of the vector current between Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and Non-Relativistic QCD (NRQCD) to three-loop order containing a closed heavy-fermion loop. The result constitutes a building block both for the bottom- and top-quark system at threshold. Strong emphasis is put on our completely automated approach of the calculation including the generation of the Feynman diagrams, the identification of the topologies, the reduction to master integrals and the automated numerical computation of the latter.
P. Marquard; J. H. Piclum; D. Seidel; M. Steinhauser
2009-04-06
We evaluate the corrections to the matching coefficient of the vector current between Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and Non-Relativistic QCD (NRQCD) to three-loop order containing a closed heavy-fermion loop. The result constitutes a building block both for the bottom- and top-quark system at threshold. Strong emphasis is put on our completely automated approach of the calculation including the generation of the Feynman diagrams, the identification of the topologies, the reduction to master integrals and the automated numerical computation of the latter.
Giovannetti, Vittorio
We give a consistent quantum description of time, based on Page and Wootters’s conditional probabilities mechanism, which overcomes the criticisms that were raised against similar previous proposals. In particular we show ...
Nguyen Ba An
2006-02-28
Absolutely and asymptotically secure protocols for organizing an exam in a quantum way are proposed basing judiciously on multipartite entanglement. The protocols are shown to stand against common types of eavesdropping attack.
Michael Mazilu
2015-08-06
The electromagnetic momentum transferred transfered to scattering particles is proportional to the intensity of the incident fields, however, the momentum of single photons ($\\hbar k$) does not naturally appear in these classical expressions. Here, we discuss an alternative to Maxwell's stress tensor that renders the classical electromagnetic field momentum compatible to the quantum mechanical one. This is achieved through the introduction of the quantum conversion which allows the transformation, including units, of the classical fields to wave-function equivalent fields.
Probability distribution functions in the finite density lattice QCD
S. Ejiri; Y. Nakagawa; S. Aoki; K. Kanaya; H. Saito; T. Hatsuda; H. Ohno; T. Umeda
2012-12-04
We study the phase structure of QCD at high temperature and density by lattice QCD simulations adopting a histogram method. We try to solve the problems which arise in the numerical study of the finite density QCD, focusing on the probability distribution function (histogram). As a first step, we investigate the quark mass dependence and the chemical potential dependence of the probability distribution function as a function of the Polyakov loop when all quark masses are sufficiently large, and study the properties of the distribution function. The effect from the complex phase of the quark determinant is estimated explicitly. The shape of the distribution function changes with the quark mass and the chemical potential. Through the shape of the distribution, the critical surface which separates the first order transition and crossover regions in the heavy quark region is determined for the 2+1-flavor case.
QCD nature of dark energy at finite temperature: cosmological implications
K. Azizi; N. Katirci
2015-06-23
The Veneziano ghost field has been proposed as an alternative source of dark energy whose energy density is consistent with the cosmological observations. In this model, the energy density of QCD ghost field is expressed in terms of QCD degrees of freedom at zero temperature. We extend this model to finite temperature to search the model predictions from the late time to the early universe. We depict the variations of QCD parameters entering the calculations, dark energy density, equation of state, Hubble and deceleration parameters on temperature from zero to a critical temperature. We compare our results with the observations and theoretical predictions existing at different eras.It is found that this model safely define the universe from quark condensation up to now and its predictions are not in tension with those of the standard cosmology. The finite temperature ghost dark energy predictions on the Hubble parameter slightly better fit to observations compared to those of zero temperature.
QCD nature of dark energy at finite temperature: cosmological implications
Azizi, K
2015-01-01
The Veneziano ghost field has been proposed as an alternative source of dark energy whose energy density is consistent with the cosmological observations. In this model, the energy density of QCD ghost field is expressed in terms of QCD degrees of freedom at zero temperature. We extend this model to finite temperature to search the model predictions from the late time to the early universe. We depict the variations of QCD parameters entering the calculations, dark energy density, equation of state, Hubble and deceleration parameters on temperature from zero to a critical temperature. We compare our results with the observations and theoretical predictions existing at different eras.It is found that this model safely define the universe from quark condensation up to now and its predictions are not in tension with those of the standard cosmology. The finite temperature ghost dark energy predictions on the Hubble parameter slightly better fit to observations compared to those of zero temperature.
On the universal critical behavior in 3-flavor QCD
Dominik Smith; Christian Schmidt
2011-09-30
We analyze the universal critical behavior at the chiral critical point in QCD with three degenerate quark masses. We confirm that this critical point lies in the universality class of the three dimensional Ising model. The symmetry of the Ising model, which is Z(2), is not directly realized in the QCD Hamiltonian. After making an ansatz for the magnetization- and energy-like operators as linear admixtures of the chiral condensate and the gluonic action, we determine several non-universal mixing and normalization constants. These parameters determine an unambiguous mapping of the critical behavior in QCD to that of the 3d-Ising model. We verify its validity by showing that the thus obtained orderparameter scales in accordance with the magnetic equation of state of the 3d-Ising model.
Search for the pentaquark resonance signature in lattice QCD
B. G. Lasscock; J. Hedditch; D. B. Leinweber; W. Melnitchouk; A. W. Thomas; A. G. Williams; R. D. Young; J. M. Zanotti
2005-03-01
Claims concerning the possible discovery of the $\\Theta^+$ pentaquark, with minimal quark content $uudd\\bar{s}$, have motivated our comprehensive study into possible pentaquark states using lattice QCD. We review various pentaquark interpolating fields in the literature and create a new candidate ideal for lattice QCD simulations. Using these interpolating fields we attempt to isolate a signal for a five-quark resonance. Calculations are performed using improved actions on a large $20^{3} \\times 40$ lattice in the quenched approximation. The standard lattice resonance signal of increasing attraction between baryon constituents for increasing quark mass is not observed for spin-1/2 pentaquark states. We conclude that evidence supporting the existence of a spin-1/2 pentaquark resonance does not exist in quenched QCD.
Sandia Energy - Quantum Optics
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Quantum Optics Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Quantum Optics Quantum OpticsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-03-30T16:37:03+00:00 Quantum Optics with a Single...
Aspects of the confinement mechanism in Landau gauge QCD
Kai Schwenzer
2008-11-21
I analyze the IR fixed point structure of Landau gauge QCD. Precisely the fixed point with a strong kinematic singularity of the quark-gluon vertex that proved crucial for the recently proposed confinement mechanism in the quenched approximation is absent in dynamical QCD. Therefore, the IR singularities do not induce asymptotic quark confinement but the long-range interaction is screened by unquenching loops at scales of the order of the quark mass. This provides the prerequisite for a microscopic description of deconfinement and string breaking. The fixed points determine the qualitative form of the heavy quark potential and may be relevant for hot and dense matter.
Electromagnetic triangle anomaly and neutral pion condensation in QCD vacuum
Cao, Gaoqing
2015-01-01
We study the QCD vacuum structure under the influence of an electromagnetic field with a nonzero second Lorentz invariant $I_2=\\vec{E}\\cdot{\\vec B}$. We show that the presence of $I_2$ can induce neutral pion ($\\pi^0$) condensation in the QCD vacuum through the electromagnetic triangle anomaly. Within the frameworks of chiral perturbation theory at leading small-momenta expansion as well as the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model at leading $1/N_c$ expansion, we quantify the dependence of the $\\pi^0$ condensate on $I_2$. The stability of the $\\pi^0$-condensed vacuum against the Schwinger charged pair production due to electric field is also discussed.
A computational system for lattice QCD with overlap Dirac quarks
Ting-Wai Chiu; Tung-Han Hsieh; Chao-Hsi Huang; Tsung-Ren Huang
2002-10-31
We outline the essential features of a Linux PC cluster which is now being developed at National Taiwan University, and discuss how to optimize its hardware and software for lattice QCD with overlap Dirac quarks. At present, the cluster constitutes of 30 nodes, with each node consisting of one Pentium 4 processor (1.6/2.0 GHz), one Gbyte of PC800 RDRAM, one 40/80 Gbyte hard disk, and a network card. The speed of this system is estimated to be 30 Gflops, and its price/performance ratio is better than $1.0/Mflops for 64-bit (double precision) computations in quenched lattice QCD with overlap Dirac quarks.
Gluon mass and freezing of the QCD coupling
A. C. Aguilar; J. Papavassiliou
2007-11-06
Infrared finite solutions for the gluon propagator of pure QCD are obtained from the gauge-invariant non-linear Schwinger-Dyson equation formulated in the Feynman gauge of the background field method. These solutions may be fitted using a massive propagator, with the special characteristic that the effective mass employed drops asymptotically as the inverse square of the momentum transfer, in agreement with general operator-product expansion arguments. Due to the presence of the dynamical gluon mass the strong effective charge extracted from these solutions freezes at a finite value, giving rise to an infrared fixed point for QCD.
Investigating AdS/QCD duality through scalar glueball correlators
P. Colangelo; F. De Fazio; F. Jugeau; S. Nicotri
2009-09-03
We investigate AdS/QCD duality for the two-point correlation function of the lowest dimension scalar glueball operator, in the case of the IR soft wall model. We point out the role of the boundary conditions for the bulk-to-boundary propagator in determining the gluon condensates. We show that a low energy QCD theorem can be obtained within the AdS approach, together with a gluon condensate close to the commonly accepted value and robust against perturbation of the background dilaton field.
Random matrix analysis of the QCD sign problem
Jacques Bloch; Tilo Wettig
2010-01-25
The severity of the sign problem in lattice QCD at nonzero baryon density is measured by the average phase of the fermion determinant. Motivated by the equivalence of chiral random matrix theory and QCD to leading order in the epsilon regime, we compute the phase of the fermion determinant for general topology in random matrix theory as a function of the quark chemical potential and the quark mass. We find that the sign problem becomes milder with increasing topological charge. The analytic predictions are verified by detailed numerical random matrix simulations.
A New Fracture Function Approach to QCD Initial State Radiation
Federico A. Ceccopieri; Luca Trentadue
2007-05-16
Ordinary fracture functions, describing hadrons production in the deep inelastic scattering target fragmentation region, are generalized to account for the production of hadrons in arbitrary number, thus offering a renewed framework for dealing with QCD initial state radiation. We also propose a new jet-like observable which measures beam remnants and low-$p_{\\perp}$ scattering fragments and derive its QCD evolution equations by using Jet Calculus. Possible implications for semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering and hadron-hadron reactions are shortly discussed.
The Jacobi Polynomials QCD analysis for the polarized structure function
S. Atashbar Tehrani; Ali N. Khorramian
2007-07-31
We present the results of our QCD analysis for polarized quark distribution and structure function $xg_1 (x,Q^2)$. We use very recently experimental data to parameterize our model. New parameterizations are derived for the quark and gluon distributions for the kinematic range $x \\epsilon [10^{-8},1]$, $Q^2 \\epsilon [1,10^6]$ GeV^2. The analysis is based on the Jacobi polynomials expansion of the polarized structure functions. Our calculations for polarized parton distribution functions based on the Jacobi polynomials method are in good agreement with the other theoretical models. The values of $\\Lambda_{QCD}$ and $\\alpha_s(M_z)$ are determined.
Nucleon and flavor form factors in AdS/QCD
Chakrabarti, Dipankar
2013-01-01
The electromagnetic form factors for the nucleons are related with the GPDs by sum rules. Using the sum rules we calculate the valence GPDs for $u$ and $d$ quarks in a quark model using the lightfront wavefunctions for the nucleons obtained from AdS/QCD. The flavor decompositions of the nucleon form factors are also calculated from the GPDs in this model. We show that the nucleon form factors and their flavor decompositions calculated in AdS/QCD are in agreement with experimental data.
Twisted mass QCD for the pion electromagnetic form factor
Abdou M. Abdel-Rehim; Randy Lewis
2004-10-27
The pion form factor is computed using quenched twisted mass QCD and the GMRES-DR matrix inverter. The momentum averaging procedure of Frezzotti and Rossi is used to remove leading lattice spacing artifacts, and numerical results for the form factor show the expected improvement with respect to the standard Wilson action. Although some matrix inverters are known to fail when applied to twisted mass QCD, GMRES-DR is found to be a viable and powerful option. Results obtained for the pion form factor are consistent with the published results from other O(a) improved actions and are also consistent with the available experimental data.
Bulk viscosity of QCD matter near the critical temperature
D. Kharzeev; K. Tuchin
2007-05-29
Kubo's formula relates bulk viscosity to the retarded Green's function of the trace of the energy-momentum tensor. Using low energy theorems of QCD for the latter we derive the formula which relates the bulk viscosity to the energy density and pressure of hot matter. We then employ the available lattice QCD data to extract the bulk viscosity as a function of temperature. We find that close to the deconfinement temperature bulk viscosity becomes large, with viscosity-to-entropy ratio zeta/s about 1.
Nuclear Energy Density Functionals Constrained by Low-Energy QCD
Dario Vretenar
2008-02-06
A microscopic framework of nuclear energy density functionals is reviewed, which establishes a direct relation between low-energy QCD and nuclear structure, synthesizing effective field theory methods and principles of density functional theory. Guided by two closely related features of QCD in the low-energy limit: a) in-medium changes of vacuum condensates, and b) spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry; a relativistic energy density functional is developed and applied in studies of ground-state properties of spherical and deformed nuclei.
Quantum Artificial Intelligence
B. Aoun; M. Tarifi
2011-06-04
This report introduces researchers in AI to some of the concepts in quantum heurisitics and quantum AI.
Auxiliary field Monte-Carlo simulation of strong coupling lattice QCD for QCD phase diagram
Terukazu Ichihara; Akira Ohnishi; Takashi Z. Nakano
2014-10-07
We study the QCD phase diagram in the strong coupling limit with fluctuation effects by using the auxiliary field Monte-Carlo method. We apply the chiral angle fixing technique in order to obtain finite chiral condensate in the chiral limit in finite volume. The behavior of order parameters suggests that chiral phase transition is the second order or crossover at low chemical potential and the first order at high chemical potential. Compared with the mean field results, the hadronic phase is suppressed at low chemical potential, and is extended at high chemical potential as already suggested in the monomer-dimer-polymer simulations. We find that the sign problem originating from the bosonization procedure is weakened by the phase cancellation mechanism; a complex phase from one site tends to be canceled by the nearest neighbor site phase as long as low momentum auxiliary field contributions dominate.
"Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
ANNIHILATION; FLAVOR MODEL; SUPERNOVAE; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; HEAVY ION REACTIONS; SUN; NUCLEAR THEORY; CONVERSION; CHARM PARTICLES; PROGRESS REPORT; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; STAR...
TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
ANNIHILATION FLAVOR MODEL SUPERNOVAE QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS HEAVY ION REACTIONS SUN NUCLEAR THEORY CONVERSION CHARM PARTICLES PROGRESS REPORT NONLUMINOUS MATTER STAR...
Research in theoretical nuclear and neutrino physics. Final report
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
ANNIHILATION; FLAVOR MODEL; SUPERNOVAE; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; HEAVY ION REACTIONS; SUN; NUCLEAR THEORY; CONVERSION; CHARM PARTICLES; PROGRESS REPORT; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; STAR...
Alessandro Sergi
2009-07-11
A critical assessment of the recent developments of molecular biology is presented. The thesis that they do not lead to a conceptual understanding of life and biological systems is defended. Maturana and Varela's concept of autopoiesis is briefly sketched and its logical circularity avoided by postulating the existence of underlying {\\it living processes}, entailing amplification from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale, with increasing complexity in the passage from one scale to the other. Following such a line of thought, the currently accepted model of condensed matter, which is based on electrostatics and short-ranged forces, is criticized. It is suggested that the correct interpretation of quantum dispersion forces (van der Waals, hydrogen bonding, and so on) as quantum coherence effects hints at the necessity of including long-ranged forces (or mechanisms for them) in condensed matter theories of biological processes. Some quantum effects in biology are reviewed and quantum mechanics is acknowledged as conceptually important to biology since without it most (if not all) of the biological structures and signalling processes would not even exist. Moreover, it is suggested that long-range quantum coherent dynamics, including electron polarization, may be invoked to explain signal amplification process in biological systems in general.
Stapp, Henry P
2011-01-01
Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a 'consistent quantum theory' that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues that the putative proofs of this property that involve hidden variables include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by establishing, instead, properties of a system modified by adding properties alien to the original system. Hence Griffiths' rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence...
Gauge cooling in complex Langevin for QCD with heavy quarks
Erhard Seiler; Dénes Sexty; Ion-Olimpiu Stamatescu
2012-11-20
We employ a new method, "gauge cooling", to stabilize complex Langevin simulations of QCD with heavy quarks. The results are checked against results obtained with reweigthing; we find agreement within the estimated errors. The method allows us to go to previously unaccessible high densities.
Central and tensor Lambda-nucleon potentials from lattice QCD
Nemura, H
2010-01-01
We present our latest study of Lambda-Nucleon (LN) interaction by using lattice QCD, following up on our report at LATTICE 2008. We have calculated not only the scattering lengths but also the central and tensor potentials, which are obtained from the Bethe-Salpeter (BS) amplitude measured in lattice QCD. For these calculations, we employ two different types of gauge configurations: (i) 2+1 flavor full QCD configurations generated by the PACS-CS collaboration at $\\beta=1.9$ ($a=0.0907(13)$ fm) on a $32^3\\times 64$ lattice, whose spatial volume is (2.90 fm)$^3$, with the quark masses corresponding to $(m_\\pi,m_K)\\approx (301,592)$, $(414,637)$, $(570,724)$ and $(699,787)$ (in units of MeV). (ii) Quenched QCD configurations at $\\beta=5.7$ ($a=0.1416(9)$ fm) on a $32^3\\times48$ lattice, whose spatial volume is (4.5 fm)$^3$, with the quark masses corresponding to $(m_\\pi,m_K)\\approx (512,606)$, $(464, 586)$ and $(407,565)$. The following qualitative features are found: The LN potential has a relatively strong (we...
Improved performance of QCD code on ALiCE
Sroczynski, Z
2003-01-01
We present results for the performance of QCD code on ALiCE, the Alpha-Linux Cluster Engine at Wuppertal. We describe the techniques employed to optimise the code, including the metaprogramming of assembler kernels, the effects of data layout and an investigation into the overheads incurred by the communication.
Axial symmetries in lattice QCD with Kaplan fermions
Vadim Furman; Yigal Shamir
1994-11-23
This paper develops in detail a lattice definition of QCD based on the chiral defect fermions recently introduced by Kaplan. The revised version provides missing technical details in the proof that non-singlet axial symmetries become exact in the limit of an infinite fifth dimension. Also several minor errors are corrected.
Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD
ETM Collaboration; Karl Jansen; Chris Michael; Andrea Shindler; Marc Wagner
2008-08-15
We compute the static-light meson spectrum using two-flavor Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD. We have considered five different values for the light quark mass corresponding to 300 MeV < m_PS < 600 MeV. We have extrapolated our results, to make predictions regarding the spectrum of B and B_s mesons.
Complete three-loop QCD corrections to the decay H -> ??
P. Maierhöfer; P. Marquard
2012-12-26
We present the result for the three-loop singlet QCD corrections to the decay of a Higgs boson into two photons and improve the calculation for the non-singlet case. With the new result presented, the decay width Gamma(H -> \\gamma \\gamma) is completely known at O(G_F \\alpha ^2 \\alpha_s^2, G_F \\alpha ^3).
Review of ATLAS results on MPI, soft QCD and diffraction
Staszewski, Rafal; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
The most recent ATLAS measurements on multiple parton interactions, soft QCD and diffraction are presented. The measurements of underlying event in jet and Z bozon events are discussed. Then, the the total cross section measurement with the ALFA detectors is described.
Singlet Free Energies and Renormalized Polyakov Loop in full QCD
K. Petrov
2006-10-05
We calculate the free energy of a static quark anti-quark pair and the renormalized Polyakov loop in 2+1- and 3- flavor QCD using $16^3 \\times 4$ and $16^3 \\times 6$ lattices and improved staggered p4 action. We also compare the renormalized Polyakov loop with the results of our earlier studies.
Bottom baryons from a dynamical lattice QCD simulation
Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn
2009-01-12
Bottom baryon masses are calculated based on a 2+1 flavor dynamical lattice QCD simulation. The gauge field configurations were computed by the CP-PACS and JLQCD collaborations using an improved clover action. The bottom quark is described using lattice NRQCD. Results are presented for single and double-b baryons at one lattice spacing. Comparison with experimental values is discussed.
Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms
SjÃ¶strand, TorbjÃ¶rn
Particle Physics Phenomenology 8. QCD jets and jet algorithms TorbjÂ¨orn SjÂ¨ostrand Department k. All rotationally symmetric. SppS (CERN): need to separate beam jets from highp ones. First solution: cone jets in (, ) space, e.g. UA1. (Second solution: clustering like Durham
Hadron structure from lattice QCD - outlook and future perspectives
Constantia Alexandrou
2014-11-16
We review results on hadron structure using lattice QCD simulations with pion masses close or at to the physical value. We pay particular attention to recent successes on the computation of the mass of the low-lying baryons and on the challenges involved in evaluating energies of excited states and resonance parameters, as well as, in studies of nucleon structure.
Sum Rules and Cutoff Effects in Wilson Lattice QCD
Harvey B. Meyer
2006-09-06
We use the transfer matrix formalism to derive non-perturbative sum rules in Wilson's lattice QCD with N_f flavours of quarks. The discretization errors on these identities are treated in detail. As an application, it is shown how the sum rules can be exploited to give improved estimates of the continuum spectrum and static potential.
Quantum arithmetic with the Quantum Fourier Transform
Lidia Ruiz-Perez; Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin
2014-11-21
The Quantum Fourier Transform offers an interesting way to perform arithmetic operations on a quantum computer. We review existing Quantum Fourier Transform adders and multipliers and propose some modifications that extend their capabilities. Among the new circuits, we propose a quantum method to compute the weighted average of a series of inputs in the transform domain.
Quantum chaos viewed from quantum action
D. Huard; H. Kröger; G. Melkonyan; L. P. Nadeau; K. J. M. Moriarty
2004-06-18
We consider a mixed chaotic Hamiltonian system and compare classical with quantum chaos. As alternative to the methods of enegy level spacing statistics and trace formulas, we construct a quantum action and a quantum analogue phase space to analyse quantum chaos.
Quantum Chaos via the Quantum Action
H. Kröger
2002-12-16
We discuss the concept of the quantum action with the purpose to characterize and quantitatively compute quantum chaos. As an example we consider in quantum mechanics a 2-D Hamiltonian system - harmonic oscillators with anharmonic coupling - which is classically a chaotic system. We compare Poincar\\'e sections obtained from the quantum action with those from the classical action.
Quantum++ - A C++11 quantum computing library
Vlad Gheorghiu
2014-12-15
Quantum++ is a general-purpose multi-threaded quantum computing library written in C++11 and composed solely of header files. The library is not restricted to qubit systems or specific quantum information processing tasks, being capable of simulating arbitrary quantum processes. The main design factors taken in consideration were ease of use, portability, and performance.
John Ashmead
2010-05-05
Normally we quantize along the space dimensions but treat time classically. But from relativity we expect a high level of symmetry between time and space. What happens if we quantize time using the same rules we use to quantize space? To do this, we generalize the paths in the Feynman path integral to include paths that vary in time as well as in space. We use Morlet wavelet decomposition to ensure convergence and normalization of the path integrals. We derive the Schr\\"odinger equation in four dimensions from the short time limit of the path integral expression. We verify that we recover standard quantum theory in the non-relativistic, semi-classical, and long time limits. Quantum time is an experiment factory: most foundational experiments in quantum mechanics can be modified in a way that makes them tests of quantum time. We look at single and double slits in time, scattering by time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect in time.
Quantum Error Correction for Quantum Memories
Barbara M. Terhal
2015-04-10
Active quantum error correction using qubit stabilizer codes has emerged as a promising, but experimentally challenging, engineering program for building a universal quantum computer. In this review we consider the formalism of qubit stabilizer and subsystem stabilizer codes and their possible use in protecting quantum information in a quantum memory. We review the theory of fault-tolerance and quantum error-correction, discuss examples of various codes and code constructions, the general quantum error correction conditions, the noise threshold, the special role played by Clifford gates and the route towards fault-tolerant universal quantum computation. The second part of the review is focused on providing an overview of quantum error correction using two-dimensional (topological) codes, in particular the surface code architecture. We discuss the complexity of decoding and the notion of passive or self-correcting quantum memories. The review does not focus on a particular technology but discusses topics that will be relevant for various quantum technologies.
When is a quantum heat engine quantum?
Alexander Friedenberger; Eric Lutz
2015-08-17
Quantum thermodynamics studies quantum effects in thermal machines. But when is a heat engine, which cyclically interacts with external reservoirs that unavoidably destroy its quantum coherence, really quantum? We here use the Leggett-Garg inequality to assess the nonclassical properties of a single two-level Otto engine. We provide the complete phase diagram characterizing the quantumness of the engine as a function of its parameters and identify three distinct phases. We further derive an explicit expression for the transition temperature.
Quantum Heat Engines Using Superconducting Quantum Circuits
H. T. Quan; Y. D. Wang; Yu-xi Liu; C. P. Sun; Franco Nori
2006-09-14
We propose a quantum analog of the internal combustion engine used in most cars. Specifically, we study how to implement the Otto-type quantum heat engine (QHE) with the assistance of a Maxwell's demon. Three steps are required: thermalization, quantum measurement, and quantum feedback controlled by the Maxwell demon. We derive the positive-work condition of this composite QHE. Our QHE can be constructed using superconducting quantum circuits. We explicitly demonstrate the essential role of the demon in this macroscopic QHE.
Search for the H-Dibaryon in two flavor Lattice QCD
Parikshit Junnarkar; Anthony Francis; Jeremy Green; Chuan Miao; Thomas Rae; Hartmut Wittig
2015-11-05
We present preliminary results from a lattice QCD calculation of the H-dibaryon using two flavors of $\\mathcal{O}(a)$ improved Wilson fermions. We employ local six-quark interpolating operators at the source with a combination of local six-quark and two-baryon operators at the sink with the appropriate quantum numbers of the H-dibaryon and its coupling to the two-baryon channels. We find that the two-baryon operators provide an improved overlap onto the ground state in comparison to the local six-quark operators. We also apply L\\"uscher's finite volume formalism to obtain information on the nature of the infinite-volume interaction of two particles. Further, the momentum projection to three moving frames enables the isolation of the pole in the infinite-volume scattering amplitude. Preliminary results at pion masses of 450 MeV and 1 GeV clearly indicate the presence of states below the $\\Lambda \\Lambda$ threshold while a finite-volume analysis fails to conclusively show the existence of an infinite-volume bound state.
Spectroscopy of doubly and triply-charmed baryons from lattice QCD
Padmanath, M. [Tata Institute; Edwards, Robert G. [JLAB; Mathur, Nilmani [Tata Institute; Peardon, Michael [Trinity College, Dublin
2013-11-01
We present the ground and excited state spectra of doubly and triply-charmed baryons by using lattice QCD with dynamical clover fermions. A large set of baryonic operators that respect the symmetries of the lattice and are obtained after subduction from their continuum analogues are utilized. Using novel computational techniques correlation functions of these operators are generated and the variational method is exploited to extract excited states. The lattice spectra that we obtain have baryonic states with well-defined total spins up to 7/2 and the low lying states remarkably resemble the expectations of quantum numbers from SU(6) ? O(3) symmetry. Various energy splittings between the extracted states, including splittings due to hyperfine as well as spin-orbit coupling, are considered and those are also compared against similar energy splittings at other quark masses. Using those splittings for doubly-charmed baryons, and taking input of experimental Bc meson mass, we predict the mass splittings of B?c?Bc to be about 80 ± 8 MeV and m?ccb=8050±10 MeV.
The Common Elements of Atomic and Hadronic Physics
Brodsky, Stanley J
2015-01-01
Atomic physics and hadronic physics are both governed by the Yang Mills gauge theory Lagrangian; in fact, Abelian quantum electrodynamics can be regarded as the zero-color limit of quantum chromodynamics. I review a number of areas where the techniques of atomic physics can provide important insight into hadronic eigenstates in QCD. For example, the Dirac-Coulomb equation, which predicts the spectroscopy and structure of hydrogenic atoms, has an analog in hadron physics in the form of frame-independent light-front relativistic equations of motion consistent with light-front holography which give a remarkable first approximation to the spectroscopy, dynamics, and structure of light hadrons. The production of antihydrogen in flight can provide important insight into the dynamics of hadron production in QCD at the amplitude level. The renormalization scale for the running coupling is unambiguously set in QED; an analogous procedure sets the renormalization scales in QCD, leading to scheme-independent scale-fixed...
Stapp, H.P.
1988-04-01
It is argued that the validity of the predictions of quantum theory in certain spin-correlation experiments entails a violation of Einstein's locality idea that no causal influence can act outside the forward light cone. First, two preliminary arguments suggesting such a violation are reviewed. They both depend, in intermediate stages, on the idea that the results of certain unperformed experiments are physically determinate. The second argument is entangled also with the problem of the meaning of physical reality. A new argument having neither of these characteristics is constructed. It is based strictly on the orthodox ideas of Bohr and Heisenberg, and has no realistic elements, or other ingredients, that are alien to orthodox quantum thinking.
Gauge Configurations for Lattice QCD from The Gauge Connection
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
The Gauge Connection is an experimental archive for lattice QCD and a repository of gauge configurations made freely available to the community. Contributors to the archive include the Columbia QCDSP collaboration, the MILC collaboration, and others. Configurations are stored in QCD archive format, consisting of an ASCII header which defines various parameters, followed by binary data. NERSC has also provided some utilities and examples that will aid users in handling the data. Users may browse the archive, but are required to register for a password in order to download data. Contents of the archive are organized under four broad headings: Quenched (more than 1200 configurations); Dynamical, Zero Temperature (more than 300 configurations); MILC Improved Staggered Asqtad Lattices (more than 7000 configurations); and Dynamical, Finite Temperature (more than 1200 configurations)
QCD and strongly coupled gauge theories: Challenges and perspectives
Brambilla, N.; Eidelman, S.; Foka, P.; Gardner, S.; Kronfeld, A. S.; Alford, M. G.; Alkofer, R.; Butenschoen, M.; Cohen, T. D.; Erdmenger, J.; Fabbietti, L.; Faber, M.; Goity, J. L.; Ketzer, B.; Lin, H. W.; Llanes-Estrada, F. J.; Meyer, H. B.; Pakhlov, P.; Pallante, E.; Polikarpov, M. I.; Sazdjian, H.; Schmitt, A.; Snow, W. M.; Vairo, A.; Vogt, R.; Vuorinen, A.; Wittig, H.; Arnold, P.; Christakoglou, P.; Di Nezza, P.; Fodor, Z.; Garcia i Tormo, X.; Höllwieser, R.; Janik, M. A.; Kalweit, A.; Keane, D.; Kiritsis, E.; Mischke, A.; Mizuk, R.; Odyniec, G.; Papadodimas, K.; Pich, A.; Pittau, R.; Qiu, J. -W.; Ricciardi, G.; Salgado, C. A.; Schwenzer, K.; Stefanis, N. G.; von Hippel, G. M.; Zakharov, V. I.
2014-10-01
We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to stongly-coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many research streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.
QCD and strongly coupled gauge theories: Challenges and perspectives
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Brambilla, N.; Eidelman, S.; Foka, P.; Gardner, S.; Kronfeld, A. S.; Alford, M. G.; Alkofer, R.; Butenschoen, M.; Cohen, T. D.; Erdmenger, J.; et al
2014-10-01
We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to stongly-coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many researchmore »streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.« less
Neutral Meson Decays into Two Photons from Lattice QCD
Huey-Wen Lin; Saul D. Cohen
2013-02-04
A precision determination of the neutral-pion width would improve determinations of the splitting between the up- and down-quark masses, and matrix elements for the decay of neutral mesons into two photons could play a role in the attempt to probe beyond-the-Standard Model physics in muon $g-2$ experiments. The theoretical error is dominated by hadronic light-by-light diagrams, and since direct measurements are extremely difficult, model calculations factorize it into two-photon diagrams connected by the lightest hadrons. We employ perturbative techniques to express the photon as a superposition of QCD eigenstates accessible in lattice-QCD calculations and found that vector-meson dominance is a poor description of the two-photon decay process when both photons are off shell.
Report of the 2005 Snowmass Top/QCD Working Group
Juste, A.; /Fermilab; Kiyo, Y.; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Petriello, F.; /Wisconsin U., Madison /Fermilab; Teubner, T.; /Liverpool U., Dept. Math.; Agashe, K.; Batra, P.; Baur, U.; Berger, C.F.; Cembranos, J.A.R.; Gehrmann-De Ridder, A.; Gehrmann, T.; Glover, E.W.N.; Godfrey, S.; Hoang, A.; Perelstein, M.; Sullivan, Z.; Tait, T.; Zhu, S.; /Johns
2006-01-17
This report discusses several topics in both top quark physics and QCD at an International Linear Collider (ILC). Issues such as measurements at the t tbar threshold, including both theoretical and machine requirements, and the determination of electroweak top quark couplings are reviewed. New results concerning the potential of a 500 GeV e+e collider for measuring Wtb couplings and the top quark Yukawa coupling are presented. The status of higher order QCD corrections to jet production cross sections, heavy quark form factors, and longitudinal gauge boson scattering, needed for percent-level studies at the ILC, are reviewed. A new study of the measurement of the hadronic structure of the photon at a gamma gamma collider is presented. The effects on top quark properties from several models of new physics, including composite models, Little Higgs theories, and CPT violation, are studied.
More on the renormalization group limit cycle in QCD
Evgeny Epelbaum; Hans-Werner Hammer; Ulf-G. Meissner; Andreas Nogga
2006-02-26
We present a detailed study of the recently conjectured infrared renormalization group limit cycle in QCD using chiral effective field theory. We show that small increases in the up and down quark masses, corresponding to a pion mass around 200 MeV, can move QCD to the critical renormalization group trajectory for an infrared limit cycle in the three-nucleon system. At the critical values of the quark masses, the binding energies of the deuteron and its spin-singlet partner are tuned to zero and the triton has infinitely many excited states with an accumulation point at the three-nucleon threshold. At next-to-leading order in the chiral counting, we find three parameter sets where this effect occurs. For one of them, we study the structure of the three-nucleon system using both chiral and contact effective field theories in detail. Furthermore, we calculate the influence of the limit cycle on scattering observables.
An Infrared Renormalization Group Limit Cycle in QCD
Eric Braaten; H. -W. Hammer
2003-03-17
Small increases in the up and down quark masses of QCD would tune the theory to the critical renormalization group trajectory for an infrared limit cycle in the three-nucleon system. At critical values of the quark masses, the deuteron binding energy goes to zero and the triton has infinitely many excited states with an accumulation point at the 3-nucleon threshold. The ratio of the binding energies of successive states approaches a universal constant that is close to 515. The proximity of physical QCD to the critical trajectory for this limit cycle explains the success of an effective field theory of nucleons with contact interactions only in describing the low-energy 3-nucleon system.
Testing chiral effective theory with quenched lattice QCD
L. Giusti; P. Hernandez; S. Necco; C. Pena; J. Wennekers; H. Wittig
2008-03-19
We investigate two-point correlation functions of left-handed currents computed in quenched lattice QCD with the Neuberger-Dirac operator. We consider two lattice spacings a~0.09,0.12 fm and two different lattice extents L~ 1.5, 2.0 fm; quark masses span both the p- and the epsilon-regimes. We compare the results with the predictions of quenched chiral perturbation theory, with the purpose of testing to what extent the effective theory reproduces quenched QCD at low energy. In the p-regime we test volume and quark mass dependence of the pseudoscalar decay constant and mass; in the epsilon-regime, we investigate volume and topology dependence of the correlators. While the leading order behaviour predicted by the effective theory is very well reproduced by the lattice data in the range of parameters that we explored, our numerical data are not precise enough to test next-to-leading order effects.
Inverse magnetic catalysis in holographic models of QCD
Kiminad A. Mamo
2015-05-11
We study the effect of magnetic field $B$ on the critical temperature $T_{c}$ of the confinement-deconfinement phase transition in hard-wall AdS/QCD, and holographic duals of flavored and unflavored $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super-Yang Mills theories on $\\mathbb{R}^3\\times \\rm S^1$. For all of the holographic models, we find that $T_{c}(B)$ decreases with increasing magnetic field $B\\ll T^2$, consistent with the inverse magnetic catalysis recently observed in lattice QCD for $B\\lesssim 1~GeV^2$. We also predict that, for large magnetic field $B\\gg T^2$, the critical temperature $T_{c}(B)$, eventually, starts to increase with increasing magnetic field $B\\gg T^2$ and asymptotes to a constant value.
QCD and strongly coupled gauge theories: challenges and perspectives
N. Brambilla; S. Eidelman; P. Foka; S. Gardner; A. S. Kronfeld; M. G. Alford; R. Alkofer; M. Butenschoen; T. D. Cohen; J. Erdmenger; L. Fabbietti; M. Faber; J. L. Goity; B. Ketzer; H. W. Lin; F. J. Llanes-Estrada; H. Meyer; P. Pakhlov; E. Pallante; M. I. Polikarpov; H. Sazdjian; A. Schmitt; W. M. Snow; A. Vairo; R. Vogt; A. Vuorinen; H. Wittig; P. Arnold; P. Christakoglou; P. Di Nezza; Z. Fodor; X. Garcia i Tormo; R. Höllwieser; A. Kalwait; D. Keane; E. Kiritsis; A. Mischke; R. Mizuk; G. Odyniec; K. Papadodimas; A. Pich; R. Pittau; Jian-Wei Qiu; G. Ricciardi; C. A. Salgado; K. Schwenzer; N. G. Stefanis; G. M. von Hippel; V. I . Zakharov
2014-05-18
We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to strongly-coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many research streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.
Transport and spectral functions in high-temperature QCD
Gert Aarts
2007-10-03
The current status of transport coefficients in relativistic field theories at high temperature is reviewed. I contrast weak coupling results obtained using kinetic theory/diagrammatic techniques with strong coupling results obtained using gauge/gravity duality, and describe the recent developments in extracting transport coefficients and spectral functions from lattice QCD simulations. The fate of quarkonium at high temperature as seen from the lattice is briefly mentioned as well.
QCD Jet Rates with the Inclusive Generalized kt Algorithms
Erik Gerwick; Ben Gripaios; Steffen Schumann; Bryan Webber
2013-04-15
We derive generating functions, valid to next-to-double logarithmic accuracy, for QCD jet rates according to the inclusive forms of the kt, Cambridge/Aachen and anti-kt algorithms, which are equivalent at this level of accuracy. We compare the analytical results with jet rates and average jet multiplicities from the SHERPA event generator, and study the transition between Poisson-like and staircase-like behaviour of jet ratios.
Topological Charge and the Laminar Structure of the QCD Vacuum
H. B. Thacker
2006-11-30
Monte Carlo studies of pure glue SU(3) gauge theory using the overlap-based topological charge operator have revealed a laminar structure in the QCD vacuum consisting of extended, thin, coherent, locally 3-dimensional sheets of topological charge embedded in 4D space, with opposite sign sheets interleaved. In this talk I discuss the interpretation of these Monte Carlo results in terms of our current theoretical understanding of theta-dependence and topological structure in asymptotically free gauge theories.
Gauged Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model and axionic QCD string
Chi Xiong
2014-12-30
We propose an axionic QCD string scenario based on the original flux-tube model by Kogut and Susskind, and then incorporate it into a gauged Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. Axial anomaly is studied by a new topological coupling from the string side, and by the 't Hooft vortex from the NJL side, respectively. The nontrivial phase distribution of the quark condensate plays an important role in this scenario.
Two-Color QCD with Chiral Chemical Potential
V. V. Braguta; V. A. Goy; E. -M. Ilgenfritz; A. Yu. Kotov; A. V. Molochkov; M. Muller-Preussker; B. Petersson; A. Schreiber
2014-11-19
The phase diagram of two-color QCD with a chiral chemical potential is studied on the lattice. The focus is on the confinement/deconfinement phase transition and the breaking/restoration of chiral symmetry. The simulations are carried out with dynamical staggered fermions without rooting. The dependence of the Polyakov loop, the chiral condensate and the corresponding susceptibilities on the chiral chemical potential and the temperature are presented.
High-Energy Scattering vs Static QCD Strings
V. A. Petrov; R. A. Ryutin
2014-09-30
We discuss the shape of the interaction region of the elastically scattered protons stipulated by the high-energy Pomeron exchange which turns out to be very similar with the shape of the static string representing the confining QCD flux tube. This similarity disappears when we enter the LHC energy region, which corresponds to many-Pomeron exchanges. Reversing the argument we conjecture a modified relationship between the width and the length of the confining string at very large lengths.
QCD Thermodynamics with an almost realistic quark mass spectrum
C. Schmidt
2006-01-25
We will report on the status of a new large scale calculation of thermodynamic quantities in QCD with light up and down quarks corresponding to an almost physical light quark mass value and a heavier strange quark mass. These calculations are currently being performed on the QCDOC Teraflops computers at BNL. We will present new lattice calculations of the transition temperature and various susceptibilities reflecting properties of the chiral transition. All these quantities are of immediate interest for heavy ion phenomenology.
Transverse momentum dependent quark densities from Lattice QCD
Bernhard Musch,Philipp Hagler,John Negele,Andreas Schafer
2011-02-01
We study transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions (TMDs) with non-local operators in lattice QCD, using MILC/LHPC lattices. Results obtained with a simpli?ed operator geometry show visible dipole de- formations of spin-dependent quark momentum densities. We discuss the basic concepts of the method, including renormalization of the gauge link, and an ex- tension to a more elaborate operator geometry that would allow us to analyze process-dependent TMDs such as the Sivers-function.
An Infrared Renormalization Group Limit Cycle in QCD
Eric Braaten; H. -W. Hammer
2003-09-22
We conjecture that QCD can be tuned to an infrared limit cycle in the three-nucleon system by adjusting the up and down quark masses to critical values at which the binding energies of the deuteron and its spin-singlet partner are tuned to zero. At the critical point, the triton would have infinitely many arbitrarily-shallow excited states with the ratio of the binding energies of successive states approaching a universal constant close to 515.
Transverse charge and magnetization densities in holographic QCD
Chakrabarti, Dipankar
2014-01-01
We present a study of flavor structures of nucleons transverse charge and anomalous magnetization densities for both unpolarized and transversely polarized nucleons. We consider two different models for the electromagnetic form factors in holographic QCD. The flavor form factors are obtained by decomposing the Dirac and Pauli form factors for nucleons using the charge and isospin symmetry. The results are compared with two standard phenomenological parametrizations.
Meson structure in light-front holographic QCD
Rohit Swarnkar; Dipankar Chakrabarti
2015-07-06
We consider the light-front holographic QCD with the light-front wave functions for mesons, modified for massive quarks. We evaluate the wave functions, distribution amplitudes, and form factors for $\\pi$, $\\rho$, $K$, and $J/\\psi$ mesons and photon-to-meson transition form factors for $\\pi$, $\\eta$, and $\\eta^\\prime$. The results are compared with the experimental data, wherever available.
Top quark physics and QCD: Progress since the TESLA TDR
A. Brandenburg
2003-09-08
I review progress on investigations concerning top quark physics and QCD at a future linear e+e- collider that has been achieved since the presentation of the TESLA technical design report in spring 2001. I concentrate on studies that have been presented during the workshop series of the Extended Joint ECFA/DESY Study on Physics and Detectors for a Linear Electron-Positron Collider.
QCD tests from pion reactions on few-nucleon systems
C. Hanhart
2010-09-27
We show on two examples, namely a calculation for charge symmetry breaking in pn->d pi^0 that allows one to extract the quark mass difference induced part of the proton--neutron mass difference and a high precision calculation for pion--deuteron scattering and its implications for the value of the charged pion--nucleon coupling constant, how QCD tests can be performed from low energy hadronic observables.
High-Energy QCD Asymptotics of Photon--Photon Collisions
Brodsky, Stanley J.
2002-07-26
The high-energy behavior of the total cross section for highly virtual photons, as predicted by the BFKL equation at next-to-leading order (NLO) in QCD, is discussed. The NLO BFKL predictions, improved by the BLM optimal scale setting, are in good agreement with recent OPAL and L3 data at CERN LEP2. NLO BFKL predictions for future linear colliders are presented.
Status and prospects for the calculation of hadron structure from lattice QCD
Dru B. Renner
2010-02-04
Lattice QCD calculations of hadron structure are a valuable complement to many experimental programs as well as an indispensable tool to understand the dynamics of QCD. I present a focused review of a few representative topics chosen to illustrate both the challenges and advances of our community: the momentum fraction, axial charge and charge radius of the nucleon. I will discuss the current status of these calculations and speculate on the prospects for accurate calculations of hadron structure from lattice QCD.
Stapp, Henry
2011-11-10
Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a ‘consistent quantum theory’ (CQT) that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues, on the basis of his examination of certain arguments that claim to demonstrate the existence of such nonlocal influences, that such influences do not exist. However, his examination was restricted mainly to hidden-variable-based arguments that include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by attributing to the system properties alien to that system. Hence Griffiths’ rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence for nonlocal influences. But he did not examine the particular proof that he cites. An examination of that particular proof by the method specified by his ‘consistent quantum theory’ shows that the cited proof is valid within that restrictive framework. This necessary existence, within the ‘consistent’ framework, of long range essentially instantaneous influences refutes the claim made by Griffiths that his ‘consistent’ framework is superior to the orthodox quantum theory of von Neumann because it does not entail instantaneous influences. An added section responds to Griffiths’ reply, which cites a litany of ambiguities that seem to restrict, devastatingly, the scope of his CQT formalism, apparently to buttress his claim that my use of that formalism to validate the nonlocality theorem is flawed. But the vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.
Jeongho Bang; James Lim; M. S. Kim; Jinhyoung Lee
2008-03-31
We propose a novel notion of a quantum learning machine for automatically controlling quantum coherence and for developing quantum algorithms. A quantum learning machine can be trained to learn a certain task with no a priori knowledge on its algorithm. As an example, it is demonstrated that the quantum learning machine learns Deutsch's task and finds itself a quantum algorithm, that is different from but equivalent to the original one.
Matching NLO QCD and parton showers in heavy flavour production
S. Frixione; P. Nason; B. R. Webber
2003-11-04
We apply the MC@NLO approach to the process of heavy flavour hadroproduction. MC@NLO is a method for matching next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculations and parton shower Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, with the following features: fully exclusive events are generated, with hadronisation according to the MC model; total rates are accurate to NLO; NLO results for distributions are recovered upon expansion in $\\as$; hard emissions are treated as in NLO computations while soft/collinear emissions are handled by the MC simulation, with the same logarithmic accuracy as the MC; matching between the hard and soft regions is smooth, and no intermediate integration steps are necessary. The method was applied previously to the hadroproduction of gauge boson pairs, which at NLO involves only initial-state QCD radiation and a unique colour structure. In heavy flavour production, it is necessary to include contributions from final-state QCD radiation and different colour flows. We present illustrative results on top and bottom production at the Tevatron and LHC.
Effective chiral restoration in the hadronic spectrum and QCD
Thomas D. Cohen
2006-05-18
Effective chiral restoration in the hadronic spectrum has been conjectured as an explanation of multiplets of nearly degenerate seen in highly excited hadrons. The conjecture depends on the states being insensitive to the dynamics of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking. A key question is whether this concept is well defined in QCD. This paper shows that it is by means of an explicit formal construction. This construction allows one to characterize this sensitivity for any observable calculable in QCD in Euclidean space via a functional integral. The construction depends on a generalization of the Banks-Casher theorem. It exploits the fact that {\\it all} dynamics sensitive to spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking observables in correlation functions arise from fermion modes of zero virtuality (in the infinite volume limit), while such modes make {\\it no} contribution to any of the dynamics which preserves chiral symmetry. In principle this construction can be implemented in lattice QCD. The prospect of a practical lattice implementation yielding a direct numerical test of the concept of effective chiral restoration is discussed.
QCD nature of dark energy at finite temperature: cosmological implications
K. Azizi; N. Katirci
2015-09-20
The Veneziano ghost field has been proposed as an alternative source of dark energy whose energy density is consistent with the cosmological observations. In this model, the energy density of QCD ghost field is expressed in terms of QCD degrees of freedom at zero temperature. We extend this model to finite temperature to search the model predictions from the late time to the early universe. We depict the variations of QCD parameters entering the calculations, dark energy density, equation of state, Hubble and deceleration parameters on temperature from zero to a critical temperature. We compare our results with the observations and theoretical predictions existing at different eras. It is found that this model safely define the universe from quark condensation up to now and its predictions are not in tension with those of the standard cosmology. The EoS parameter of dark energy is obtained to be $-1/3$ in the presence of radiation and $-1$ at late time. The finite temperature ghost dark energy predictions on the Hubble parameter slightly better fit to observations compared to those of zero temperature.
Making QCD Lattice Data Accessible and Organized through Advanced Web Interfaces
Massimo Di Pierro; James Hetrick; Shreyas Cholia; David Skinner
2011-12-09
The Gauge Connection at qcd.nersc.gov is one of the most popular repositories of QCD lattice ensembles. It is used to access 16TB of archived QCD data from the High Performance Storage System (HPSS) at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). Here, we present a new web interface for qcd.nersc.gov which allows physicists to browse and search the data, as well as download individual files or entire ensembles in batch. Our system distinguishes itself from others because of its ease of use and web based workflow.
Physics from the lattice: glueballs in QCD; topology; SU(N) for all N
M. Teper
1997-11-06
Lectures given at the Isaac Newton Institute, NATO-ASI School on "Confinement, Duality and Non-Perturbative Aspects of QCD", 23 June - 4 July, 1997.
F. Benatti; M. Fannes
1998-11-26
We use multi-time correlation functions of quantum systems to construct random variables with statistical properties that reflect the degree of complexity of the underlying quantum dynamics.
Quantum Optimal Control Theory
G. H. Gadiyar
1994-05-10
The possibility of control of phenomena at microscopic level compatible with quantum mechanics and quantum field theory is outlined. The theory could be used in nanotechnology.
H. J. Kimble
2008-06-25
Quantum networks offer a unifying set of opportunities and challenges across exciting intellectual and technical frontiers, including for quantum computation, communication, and metrology. The realization of quantum networks composed of many nodes and channels requires new scientific capabilities for the generation and characterization of quantum coherence and entanglement. Fundamental to this endeavor are quantum interconnects that convert quantum states from one physical system to those of another in a reversible fashion. Such quantum connectivity for networks can be achieved by optical interactions of single photons and atoms, thereby enabling entanglement distribution and quantum teleportation between nodes.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation |Publications The NREL PublicationsPublishedQuantum
Localized quantum walks as secured quantum memory
C. M. Chandrashekar; Th. Busch
2015-04-21
We show that a quantum walk process can be used to construct and secure quantum memory. More precisely, we show that a localized quantum walk with temporal disorder can be engineered to store the information of a single, unknown qubit on a compact position space and faithfully recover it on demand. Since the localization occurss with a finite spread in position space, the stored information of the qubit will be naturally secured from the simple eavesdropper. Our protocol can be adopted to any quantum system for which experimental control over quantum walk dynamics can be achieved.
Hybrid quantum devices and quantum engineering
Margareta Wallquist; Klemens Hammerer; Peter Rabl; Mikhail Lukin; Peter Zoller
2009-11-19
We discuss prospects of building hybrid quantum devices involving elements of atomic and molecular physics, quantum optics and solid state elements with the attempt to combine advantages of the respective systems in compatible experimental setups. In particular, we summarize our recent work on quantum hybrid devices and briefly discuss recent ideas for quantum networks. These include interfacing of molecular quantum memory with circuit QED, and using nanomechanical elements strongly coupled to qubits represented by electronic spins, as well as single atoms or atomic ensembles.
Quantum Annealing and Analog Quantum Computation
Arnab Das; Bikas K. Chakrabarti
2008-03-24
We review here the recent success in quantum annealing, i.e., optimization of the cost or energy functions of complex systems utilizing quantum fluctuations. The concept is introduced in successive steps through the studies of mapping of such computationally hard problems to the classical spin glass problems. The quantum spin glass problems arise with the introduction of quantum fluctuations, and the annealing behavior of the systems as these fluctuations are reduced slowly to zero. This provides a general framework for realizing analog quantum computation.
Quantum cards and quantum rods
Milan Batista; Joze Peternelj
2006-11-02
Quantum mechanical analysis of a rigid rod with one end fixed to a flat table is presented. It is shown, that for a macroscopic rod the ground state is orientationally delocalized only if the table is absolutely horizontal. In this latter case the rod, assumed to be initally in the upright orientation, falls down symmetrically and simultaneously in both directions, as claimed by Tegmark and Wheeler. In addition, the time of fall is calculated using WKB wavefunctions representing energy eigenstates near the barrier summit.
Azhar Iqbal; Derek Abbott
2008-10-21
A quantum version of the Matching Pennies (MP) game is proposed that is played using an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm (EPR-Bohm) setting. We construct the quantum game without using the state vectors, while considering only the quantum mechanical joint probabilities relevant to the EPR-Bohm setting. We embed the classical game within the quantum game such that the classical MP game results when the quantum mechanical joint probabilities become factorizable. We report new Nash equilibria in the quantum MP game that emerge when the quantum mechanical joint probabilities maximally violate the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt form of Bell's inequality.
Hybrid Quantum Cloning Machine
Satyabrata Adhikari; A. K. Pati; Indranil Chakrabarty; B. S. Choudhury
2007-06-14
In this work, we introduce a special kind of quantum cloning machine called Hybrid quantum cloning machine. The introduced Hybrid quantum cloning machine or transformation is nothing but a combination of pre-existing quantum cloning transformations. In this sense it creates its own identity in the field of quantum cloners. Hybrid quantum cloning machine can be of two types: (i) State dependent and (ii) State independent or Universal. We study here the above two types of Hybrid quantum cloning machines. Later we will show that the state dependent hybrid quantum-cloning machine can be applied on only four input states. We will also find in this paper another asymmetric universal quantum cloning machine constructed from the combination of optimal universal B-H quantum cloning machine and universal anti-cloning machine. The fidelities of the two outputs are different and their values lie in the neighborhood of ${5/6} $
Quantum Thermodynamic Cycles and quantum heat engines
H. T. Quan; Yu-xi Liu; C. P. Sun; Franco Nori
2007-04-03
In order to describe quantum heat engines, here we systematically study isothermal and isochoric processes for quantum thermodynamic cycles. Based on these results the quantum versions of both the Carnot heat engine and the Otto heat engine are defined without ambiguities. We also study the properties of quantum Carnot and Otto heat engines in comparison with their classical counterparts. Relations and mappings between these two quantum heat engines are also investigated by considering their respective quantum thermodynamic processes. In addition, we discuss the role of Maxwell's demon in quantum thermodynamic cycles. We find that there is no violation of the second law, even in the existence of such a demon, when the demon is included correctly as part of the working substance of the heat engine.
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to light Higgs Pair production via vector boson fusion
Terrance Figy
2008-06-15
We present the NLO QCD corrections for light Higgs pair production via vector boson fusion at the LHC within the CP conserving type II two higgs doublet model in the form of a fully flexible parton--level Monte Carlo program. Scale dependences on integrated cross sections and distributions are reduced with QCD K-factors of order unity.
Weise, Wolfram
-Energy Expansion: CHIRAL PERTURBATION THEORY 1 GeV #12;2 Nuclear Forces - Recent Developments - V 1 2 3 IIIIII r [ÂµNuclear & Hadron Physics Colloquium Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 26 April 2010 CHIRAL DYNAMICS Realizations of QCD in HADRONIC and NUCLEAR PHYSICS Wolfram Weise Nuclear chiral dynamics QCD interface
Delta resonances, quark models, chiral symmetry and AdS/QCD
E. Klempt
2008-06-26
The mass spectrum of Delta resonances is compared to predictions based on three quark-model variants, to predictions assuming that chiral symmetry is restored in high-mass baryon resonances, and to predictions derived from AdS/QCD. The latter approach yields a nearly perfect agreement when the confinement property of QCD is modeled by a soft wall in AdS.
Nucleon and flavor form factors in a light front quark model in AdS/QCD
Dipankar Chakrabarti; Chandan Mondal
2013-12-05
Using the light front wave functions for the nucleons in a quark model in AdS/QCD, we calculate the nucleon electromagnetic form factors. The flavor decompositions of the nucleon form factors are calculated from the GPDs in this model. We show that the nucleon form factors and their flavor decompositions calculated in AdS/QCD are in agreement with experimental data.
Diffractive vector meson production at HERA using holographic AdS/QCD wavefunctions
Jeff Forshaw; Ruben Sandapen
2013-05-16
We demonstrate another success of the AdS/QCD correspondence by showing that an AdS/QCD holographic light-front wavefunction for the $\\rho$ meson generates predictions for the cross-sections of diffractive $\\rho$ production that are in agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider.
Random matrix analysis of the QCD sign problem Jacques Bloch and Tilo Wettig
Bloch, Jacques C.R.
Random matrix analysis of the QCD sign problem Jacques Bloch and Tilo Wettig Institute of chiral random matrix theory and QCD to leading order in the epsilon regime, we compute the phase of the fermion determinant for general topology in random matrix theory as a function of the quark chemical
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Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Dan Stewart Iain W PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS GENERAL PHYSICS FORM FACTORS GLUONS LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS...
decays Bauer, Christian W.; Fleming, Sean; Pirjol, Dan; Stewart...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Iain W. 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; FORM FACTORS; GLUONS; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS;...
Niemi, H; Paatelainen, R
2015-01-01
We introduce an event-by-event perturbative-QCD + saturation + hydro ("EKRT") framework for ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, where we compute the produced fluctuating QCD-matter energy densities from next-to-leading order perturbative QCD using a saturation conjecture to control soft particle production, and describe the space-time evolution of the QCD matter with dissipative fluid dynamics, event by event. We perform a simultaneous comparison of the centrality dependence of hadronic multiplicities, transverse momentum spectra, and flow coefficients of the azimuth-angle asymmetries, against the LHC and RHIC measurements. We compare also the computed event-by-event probability distributions of relative fluctuations of elliptic flow, and event-plane angle correlations, with the experimental data from Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC. We show how such a systematic multi-energy and multi-observable analysis tests the initial state calculation and the applicability region of hydrodynamics, and in particular how ...
A Framework for Lattice QCD Calculations on GPUs
F. T. Winter; M. A. Clark; R. G. Edwards; B. Joó
2014-08-25
Computing platforms equipped with accelerators like GPUs have proven to provide great computational power. However, exploiting such platforms for existing scientific applications is not a trivial task. Current GPU programming frameworks such as CUDA C/C++ require low-level programming from the developer in order to achieve high performance code. As a result porting of applications to GPUs is typically limited to time-dominant algorithms and routines, leaving the remainder not accelerated which can open a serious Amdahl's law issue. The lattice QCD application Chroma allows to explore a different porting strategy. The layered structure of the software architecture logically separates the data-parallel from the application layer. The QCD Data-Parallel software layer provides data types and expressions with stencil-like operations suitable for lattice field theory and Chroma implements algorithms in terms of this high-level interface. Thus by porting the low-level layer one can effectively move the whole application in one swing to a different platform. The QDP-JIT/PTX library, the reimplementation of the low-level layer, provides a framework for lattice QCD calculations for the CUDA architecture. The complete software interface is supported and thus applications can be run unaltered on GPU-based parallel computers. This reimplementation was possible due to the availability of a JIT compiler (part of the NVIDIA Linux kernel driver) which translates an assembly-like language (PTX) to GPU code. The expression template technique is used to build PTX code generators and a software cache manages the GPU memory. This reimplementation allows us to deploy an efficient implementation of the full gauge-generation program with dynamical fermions on large-scale GPU-based machines such as Titan and Blue Waters which accelerates the algorithm by more than an order of magnitude.
A Framework for Lattice QCD Calculations on GPUs
Winter, Frank; Clark, M.A.; Edwards, Robert G.; Joo, Balint
2014-08-01
Computing platforms equipped with accelerators like GPUs have proven to provide great computational power. However, exploiting such platforms for existing scientific applications is not a trivial task. Current GPU programming frameworks such as CUDA C/C++ require low-level programming from the developer in order to achieve high performance code. As a result porting of applications to GPUs is typically limited to time-dominant algorithms and routines, leaving the remainder not accelerated which can open a serious Amdahl's law issue. The lattice QCD application Chroma allows to explore a different porting strategy. The layered structure of the software architecture logically separates the data-parallel from the application layer. The QCD Data-Parallel software layer provides data types and expressions with stencil-like operations suitable for lattice field theory and Chroma implements algorithms in terms of this high-level interface. Thus by porting the low-level layer one can effectively move the whole application in one swing to a different platform. The QDP-JIT/PTX library, the reimplementation of the low-level layer, provides a framework for lattice QCD calculations for the CUDA architecture. The complete software interface is supported and thus applications can be run unaltered on GPU-based parallel computers. This reimplementation was possible due to the availability of a JIT compiler (part of the NVIDIA Linux kernel driver) which translates an assembly-like language (PTX) to GPU code. The expression template technique is used to build PTX code generators and a software cache manages the GPU memory. This reimplementation allows us to deploy an efficient implementation of the full gauge-generation program with dynamical fermions on large-scale GPU-based machines such as Titan and Blue Waters which accelerates the algorithm by more than an order of magnitude.
Baryonic Matter Onset in Two-Color QCD with Heavy Quarks
Scior, Philipp
2015-01-01
We study the cold and dense regime in the phase diagram of two-color QCD with heavy quarks within a three-dimensional effective theory for Polyakov loops. This theory is derived from two-color QCD in a combined strong-coupling and hopping expansion. In particular, we study the onset of diquark density as the finite-density transition of the bosonic baryons in the two-color world. In contrast to previous studies of heavy dense QCD, our zero-temperature extrapolations are consistent with a continuous transition without binding energy. They thus provide evidence that the effective theory for heavy quarks is capable of describing the characteristic differences between diquark condensation in two-color QCD and the liquid-gas transition of nuclear matter in QCD.
Baryonic Matter Onset in Two-Color QCD with Heavy Quarks
Philipp Scior; Lorenz von Smekal
2015-08-03
We study the cold and dense regime in the phase diagram of two-color QCD with heavy quarks within a three-dimensional effective theory for Polyakov loops. This theory is derived from two-color QCD in a combined strong-coupling and hopping expansion. In particular, we study the onset of diquark density as the finite-density transition of the bosonic baryons in the two-color world. In contrast to previous studies of heavy dense QCD, our zero-temperature extrapolations are consistent with a continuous transition without binding energy. They thus provide evidence that the effective theory for heavy quarks is capable of describing the characteristic differences between diquark condensation in two-color QCD and the liquid-gas transition of nuclear matter in QCD.
Photon and Dilepton Production in Soft Wall AdS/QCD
A. Nata Atmaja; K. Schalm
2010-08-05
We consider the Soft-Wall-model of AdS/QCD to calculate photon production in strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma (sQGP). The IR cut-off only affects the low-frequency-component of the production rate. The full spectral function is determined numerically and shows remarkable similarity to computations of the photon production rate in AdS-duals of $\\cN=2$ theories with massive flavor. It is further support that Soft-Wall AdS-QCD correctly captures the IR physics of the chiral perturbation theory regime of QCD. We confirm this by relating the IR-effects of the massive flavor deformations to the AdS/QCD soft wall cut-off. The AdS/QCD spectral function is smooth, however, and unlike massive flavor models shows no spectral peaks.
Anomalous specific heat in ultradegenerate QED and QCD
A. Gerhold; A. Ipp; A. Rebhan
2004-08-31
We discuss the origin of the anomalous $T\\ln T^{-1}$ behavior of the low-temperature entropy and specific heat in ultradegenerate QED and QCD and report on a recent calculation which is complete to leading order in the coupling and which contains an infinite series of anomalous terms involving also fractional powers in $T$. This result involves dynamical hard-dense-loop resummation and interpolates between Debye screening effects at larger temperatures and non-Fermi-liquid behavior from only dynamically screened magnetic fields at low temperature.
Anomalous specific heat in high-density QED and QCD
A. Ipp; A. Gerhold; A. Rebhan
2003-09-22
Long-range quasi-static gauge-boson interactions lead to anomalous (non-Fermi-liquid) behavior of the specific heat in the low-temperature limit of an electron or quark gas with a leading $T\\ln T^{-1}$ term. We obtain perturbative results beyond the leading log approximation and find that dynamical screening gives rise to a low-temperature series involving also anomalous fractional powers $T^{(3+2n)/3}$. We determine their coefficients in perturbation theory up to and including order $T^{7/3}$ and compare with exact numerical results obtained in the large-$N_f$ limit of QED and QCD.
Scalar field and QCD constraints in Nuclear Physics
M. Ericson; G. Chanfray
2008-04-10
Relativistic theories of nuclear matter are discussed in a new pespective. First the chiral character of the scalar nuclear field is introduced in the framework of the linear sigma model. With the assumption that the nucleon mass originates in part from the coupling to the quark condensate it is possible to relate the optical potential for the propagation of the scalar field to the QCD scalar susceptibility of the nucleon, on which indications exist from the lattice evolution of the nucleon mass with the quark mass. Constraining the parameters of the nuclear scalar potential by the lattice expansion parameters a successful description of the nuclear saturation properties can be reached.
NLO QCD corrections in Herwig++ with MC@NLO
Stefano Frixione; Fabian Stoeckli; Paolo Torrielli; Bryan R. Webber
2010-10-04
We present the calculations necessary to obtain next-to-leading order QCD precision with the Herwig++ event generator using the MC@NLO approach, and implement them for all the processes that were previously available from Fortran HERWIG with MC@NLO. We show a range of results comparing the two implementations. With these calculations and recent developments in the automatic generation of NLO matrix elements, it will be possible to obtain NLO precision with Herwig++ for a much wider range of processes
Spectroscopy of triply charmed baryons from lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Padmanath, M.; Edwards, Robert G.; Mathur, Nilmani; Peardon, Michael
2014-10-14
The spectrum of excitations of triply-charmed baryons is computed using lattice QCD including dynamical light quark fields. The spectrum obtained has baryonic states with well-defined total spin up to 7/2 and the low-lying states closely resemble the expectation from models with an SU(6) x O(3) symmetry. As a result, energy splittings between extracted states, including those due to spin-orbit coupling in the heavy quark limit are computed and compared against data at other quark masses.
Elliptic flow from pQCD + saturation + hydro model
Eskola, K J; Ruuskanen, P V
2008-01-01
We have previously predicted multiplicities and transverse momentum spectra of hadrons for the most central LHC Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.5$ TeV using initial state for hydrodynamic evolution from pQCD + final state saturation model. By considering binary collision and wounded nucleon profiles we extend these studies to non-central collisions, and predict the $p_{T}$ dependence of minimum bias $v_{2}$ for pions at the LHC. For protons we also show how the $p_{T}$ dependence of $v_2$ changes from RHIC to the LHC.
Elliptic flow from pQCD + saturation + hydro model
K. J. Eskola; H. Niemi; P. V. Ruuskanen
2007-05-15
We have previously predicted multiplicities and transverse momentum spectra of hadrons for the most central LHC Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.5$ TeV using initial state for hydrodynamic evolution from pQCD + final state saturation model. By considering binary collision and wounded nucleon profiles we extend these studies to non-central collisions, and predict the $p_{T}$ dependence of minimum bias $v_{2}$ for pions at the LHC. For protons we also show how the $p_{T}$ dependence of $v_2$ changes from RHIC to the LHC.
Viscous quark-gluon plasma model through fluid QCD approach
Djun, T. P.; Soegijono, B.; Mart, T.; Handoko, L. T. E-mail: Laksana.tri.handoko@lipi.go.id
2014-09-25
A Lagrangian density for viscous quark-gluon plasma has been constructed within the fluid-like QCD framework. Gauge symmetry is preserved for all terms inside the Lagrangian, except for the viscous term. The transition mechanism from point particle field to fluid field, and vice versa, are discussed. The energy momentum tensor that is relevant to the gluonic plasma having the nature of fluid bulk of gluon sea is derived within the model. By imposing conservation law in the energy momentum tensor, shear viscosity appears as extractable from the equation.
Spectroscopy of triply charmed baryons from lattice QCD
Padmanath, M.; Edwards, Robert G.; Mathur, Nilmani; Peardon, Michael
2014-10-01
The spectrum of excitations of triply-charmed baryons is computed using lattice QCD including dynamical light quark fields. The spectrum obtained has baryonic states with well-defined total spin up to 7/2 and the low-lying states closely resemble the expectation from models with an SU(6) x O(3) symmetry. Energy splittings between extracted states, including those due to spin-orbit coupling in the heavy quark limit are computed and compared against data at other quark masses.
Electrical conductivity and thermal dilepton rate from quenched lattice QCD
Olaf Kaczmarek; Anthony Francis
2011-09-19
We report on a continuum extrapolation of the vector current correlation function for light valence quarks in the deconfined phase of quenched QCD. This is achieved by performing a systematic analysis of the influence of cut-off effects on light quark meson correlators at $T\\simeq 1.45 T_c$ using clover improved Wilson fermions. We discuss resulting constraints on the electrical conductivity and the thermal dilepton rate in a quark gluon plasma. In addition new results at 1.2 and 3.0 $T_c$ will be presented.
An estimate for the location of QCD critical end point
Roy A. Lacey; N. N. Ajitanand; J. M. Alexander; P. Chung; J. Jia; A. Taranenko; P. Danielewicz
2008-05-09
It is proposed that a study of the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density $\\frac{\\eta}{s}$ as a function of the baryon chemical potential $\\mu_B$, and temperature T, provides a dynamic probe for the critical end point (CEP) in hot and dense QCD matter. An initial estimate from an elliptic flow excitation function gives $\\mu^{\\text{cep}}_B \\sim 150-180$ MeV and $T_{\\text{cep}} \\sim 165 - 170$ MeV for the location of the the CEP. These values place the CEP in the range for "immediate" validation at RHIC.
Spectroscopy of triply charmed baryons from lattice QCD
Padmanath, M; Edwards, Robert G; Mathur, Nilmani; Peardon, Michael
2014-10-01
The spectrum of excitations of triply-charmed baryons is computed using lattice QCD including dynamical light quark fields. The spectrum obtained has baryonic states with well-defined total spin up to 7/2 and the low-lying states closely resemble the expectation from models with an SU(6)x O(3) symmetry. Energy splittings between extracted states, including those due to spin-orbit coupling in the heavy quark limit are computed and compared against data at other quark masses.
Strange-quark Current in the Nucleon from Lattice QCD
R. Lewis; W. Wilcox; R. M. Woloshyn
2002-01-21
The contribution of the strange-quark current to the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon is studied using lattice QCD. The strange current matrix elements from our lattice calculation are analyzed in two different ways, the differential method used in an earlier work by Wilcox and a cumulative method which sums over all current insertion times. The preliminary results of our simulation indicate the importance of high statistics, and that consistent results between the varying analysis methods can be achieved. Although this simulation does not yet yield a number that can be compared to experiment, several criteria useful in assessing the robustness of a signal extracted from a noisy background are presented.
QCD Corrections to Scalar Diquark Production at Hadron Colliders
Tao Han; Ian Lewis; Thomas McElmurry
2010-02-15
We calculate the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to quark-quark annihilation to a scalar resonant state ("diquark") in a color representation of antitriplet or sextet at the Tevatron and LHC energies. At the LHC, we find the enhancement (K-factor) for the antitriplet diquark is typically about 1.31--1.35, and for the sextet diquark is about 1.22--1.32 for initial-state valence quarks. The full transverse-momentum spectrum for the diquarks is also calculated at the LHC by performing the soft gluon resummation to the leading logarithm and all orders in the strong coupling.
Properties of light pseudoscalars from lattice QCD with HISQ ensembles
MILC Collaboration; A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. DeTar; W. Freeman; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. E. Hetrick; J. Kim; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; M. Lightman; M. Oktay; J. Osborn; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water
2011-11-18
We fit lattice-QCD data for light-pseudoscalar masses and decay constants, from HISQ configurations generated by MILC, to SU(3) staggered chiral perturbation theory. At present such fits have rather high values of chi^2/d.o.f., possibly due to the lack of ensembles with lighter-than-physical sea strange-quark masses. We propose solutions to this problem for future work. We also perform simple linear interpolations near the physical point on two ensembles with different lattice spacings, and obtain the preliminary result (f_K / f_pi)^phys = 1.1872(41) in the continuum limit.
NLO QCD corrections to ZZ jet production at hadron colliders
Binoth, T.; Gleisberg, T.; Karg, S.; Kauer, N.; Sanguinetti, G.
2010-05-26
A fully differential calculation of the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the production of Z-boson pairs in association with a hard jet at the Tevatron and LHC is presented. This process is an important background for Higgs particle and new physics searches at hadron colliders. We find sizable corrections for cross sections and differential distributions, particularly at the LHC. Residual scale uncertainties are typically at the 10% level and can be further reduced by applying a veto against the emission of a second hard jet. Our results confirm that NLO corrections do not simply rescale LO predictions.
Regularization scheme independence and unitarity in QCD cross sections
Catani, S.; Seymour, M.H.; Trocsanyi, Z.
1997-06-01
When calculating next-to-leading order QCD cross sections, divergences in intermediate steps of the calculation must be regularized. The final result is independent of the regularization scheme used, provided that it is unitary. In this paper we explore the relationship between regularization scheme independence and unitarity. We show how the regularization scheme dependence can be isolated in simple universal components, and how unitarity can be guaranteed for any regularization prescription that can consistently be introduced in one-loop amplitudes. Finally, we show how to derive transition rules between different schemes without having to do any loop calculations. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
Fermionic Quasiparticles in QCD at High Baryon Density
Thomas Schaefer
2005-10-24
We study fermionic quasi-particles in QCD at very high baryon density. In the normal quark matter phase unscreened magnetic gluon exchanges lead to non-Fermi liquid behavior. Non-Fermi liquid effects manifest themselves in low energy Green functions that depend on logarithms and fractional powers of energy. In the superfluid phase there is an energy gap for fermionic excitations. Quark mass effects can cause the energy gap to vanish. Gapless fermions in the color flavor locked phase cause an instability towards a state with a non-zero supercurrent.
Volume dependence of light hadron masses in full lattice QCD
B. Orth; T. Lippert; K. Schilling
2003-09-15
The aim of the GRAL project is to simulate full QCD with standard Wilson fermions at light quark masses on small to medium-sized lattices and to obtain infinite-volume results by extrapolation. In order to establish the functional form of the volume dependence we study systematically the finite-size effects in the light hadron spectrum. We give an update on the status of the GRAL project and show that our simulation data for the light hadron masses depend exponentially on the lattice size.
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K. J. Eskola; H. Niemi; R. Paatelainen
2015-09-09
We introduce an event-by-event pQCD + saturation + hydro ("EKRT") framework for high-energy heavy-ion collisions, where we compute the produced fluctuating QCD-matter energy densities from next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD (pQCD) using saturation to control soft particle production, and describe the space-time evolution of the QCD matter with viscous hydrodynamics, event by event (EbyE). We compare the computed centrality dependence of hadronic multiplicities, p_T spectra and flow coefficients v_n against LHC and RHIC data. We compare also the computed EbyE probability distributions of relative fluctuations of v_n, as well as correlations of 2 and 3 event-plane angles, with LHC data. Our systematic multi-energy and -observable analysis not only tests the initial state calculation and applicability of hydrodynamics, but also makes it possible to constrain the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity-to-entropy ratio, eta/s(T), of QCD matter in its different phases. Remarkably, we can describe all these different flow observables and correlations consistently with eta/s(T) that is independent of the collision energy.
Quantum correlations, quantum resource theories and exclusion game
Liu, Zi-Wen
2015-01-01
This thesis addresses two topics in quantum information theory. The first topic is quantum correlations and quantum resource theory. The second is quantum communication theory. The first part summarizes an ongoing work ...
Advances in Quantum Teleportation
Pirandola, Stefano; Weedbrook, Christian; Furusawa, Akira; Braunstein, Samuel L
2015-01-01
Quantum teleportation is one of the most important protocols in quantum information. By exploiting the physical resource of entanglement, quantum teleportation serves as a key primitive in a variety of quantum information tasks and represents an important building block for quantum technologies, with a pivotal role in the continuing progress of quantum communication, quantum computing and quantum networks. Here we review the basic theoretical ideas behind quantum teleportation and its variant protocols. We focus on the main experiments, together with the technical advantages and disadvantages associated with the use of the various technologies, from photonic qubits and optical modes to atomic ensembles, trapped atoms, and solid-state systems. Analysing the current state-of-the-art, we finish by discussing open issues, challenges and potential future implementations.
U. Alvarez-Rodriguez; M. Sanz; L. Lamata; E. Solano
2015-05-29
Quantum information provides fundamentally different computational resources than classical information. We prove that there is no unitary protocol able to add unknown quantum states belonging to different Hilbert spaces. This is an inherent restriction of quantum physics that is related to the impossibility of copying an arbitrary quantum state, i.e., the no-cloning theorem. Moreover, we demonstrate that a quantum adder, in absence of an ancillary system, is also forbidden for a known orthonormal basis. This allows us to propose an approximate quantum adder that could be implemented in the lab. Finally, we discuss the distinct character of the forbidden quantum adder for quantum states and the allowed quantum adder for density matrices.
WIMP Dark Matter and the QCD Equation of State
Mark Hindmarsh; Owe Philipsen
2005-01-25
Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) of mass m freeze out at a temperature T_f ~ m/25, i.e. in the range 400 MeV -- 40 GeV for a particle in the typical mass range 10 -- 1000 GeV. The WIMP relic density, which depends on the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom at T_f, may be measured to better than 1% by Planck, warranting comparable theoretical precision. Recent theoretical and experimental advances in the understanding of high temperature QCD show that the quark gluon plasma departs significantly from ideal behaviour up to temperatures of several GeV, necessitating an improvement of the cosmological equation of state over those currently used. We discuss how this increases the relic density by approximately 1.5 -- 3.5% in benchmark mSUGRA models, with an uncertainly in the QCD corrections of 0.5 -- 1 %. We point out what further work is required to achieve a theoretical accuracy comparable with the expected observational precision, and speculate that the effective number of degrees of freedom at T_f may become measurable in the foreseeable future.
Bootstrapping Multi-Parton Loop Amplitudes in QCD
Bern, Zvi; /UCLA; Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC; Kosower, David A.; /Saclay, SPhT
2005-07-06
The authors present a new method for computing complete one-loop amplitudes, including their rational parts, in non-supersymmetric gauge theory. This method merges the unitarity method with on-shell recursion relations. It systematizes a unitarity-factorization bootstrap approach previously applied by the authors to the one-loop amplitudes required for next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} Z, {gamma}* {yields} 4 jets and pp {yields} W + 2 jets. We illustrate the method by reproducing the one-loop color-ordered five-gluon helicity amplitudes in QCD that interfere with the tree amplitude, namely A{sub 5;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}) and A{sub 5;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup +}, 3{sup -}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}). Then we describe the construction of the six- and seven-gluon amplitudes with two adjacent negative-helicity gluons, A{sub 6;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}, 6{sup +}) and A{sub 7;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}, 6{sup +}, 7{sup +}), which uses the previously-computed logarithmic parts of the amplitudes as input. They present a compact expression for the six-gluon amplitude. No loop integrals are required to obtain the rational parts.
Vector and scalar charmonium resonances with lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Lang, C. B.; Leskovec, Luka; Mohler, Daniel; Prelovsek, Sasa; Univ. of Ljubljana, Ljubljana; Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA
2015-09-15
We perform an exploratory lattice QCD simulation of DD¯ scattering, aimed at determining the masses as well as the decay widths of charmonium resonances above open charm threshold. Neglecting coupling to other channels, the resulting phase shift for DD¯ scattering in p-wave yields the well-known vector resonance ?(3770). For m? = 156 MeV, the extracted resonance mass and the decay width agree with experiment within large statistical uncertainty. The scalar charmonium resonances present a puzzle, since only the ground state ?c0(1P) is well understood, while there is no commonly accepted candidate for its first excitation. We simulate DD¯ scattering inmore »s-wave in order to shed light on this puzzle. The resulting phase shift supports the existence of a yet-unobserved narrow resonance with a mass slightly below 4 GeV. A scenario with this narrow resonance and a pole at ?c0(1P) agrees with the energy-dependence of our phase shift. In addition, further lattice QCD simulations and experimental efforts are needed to resolve the puzzle of the excited scalar charmonia.« less
Wave Function of the Roper from Lattice QCD
Dale S. Roberts; Waseem Kamleh; Derek B. Leinweber
2013-07-26
We apply the eigenvectors from a variational analysis in lattice QCD to successfully extract the wave function of the Roper state, and a higher mass P_11 state of the nucleon. We use the 2+1 flavour 32^3x64 PACS-CS configurations at a near physical pion mass of 156 MeV. We find that both states exhibit a structure consistent with a constituent quark model. The Roper d-quark wave function contains a single node consistent with a 2S state, and the third state wave function contains two, consistent with a 3S state. A detailed comparison with constituent quark model wave functions is carried out, obtained from a Coulomb plus ramp potential. These results validate the approach of accessing these states by constructing a variational basis composed of different levels of fermion source and sink smearing. Furthermore, significant finite volume effects are apparent for these excited states which mix with multi-particle states, driving their masses away from physical values and enabling the extraction of resonance parameters from lattice QCD simulations.
Quantum Evolution and Anticipation
Hans-Rudolf Thomann
2010-03-04
In a previous paper we have investigated quantum states evolving into mutually orthogonal states at equidistant times, and the quantum anticipation effect exhibited by measurements at one half step. Here we extend our analyzes of quantum anticipation to general type quantum evolutions and spectral measures and prove that quantum evolutions possessing an embedded orthogonal evolution are characterized by positive joint spectral measure. Furthermore, we categorize quantum evolution, assess anticipation strength and provide a framework of analytic tools and results, thus preparing for further investigation and experimental verification of anticipation in concrete physical situations such as the H-atom, which we have found to exhibit anticipation.
Ab-Initio Hamiltonian Approach to Light Nuclei And to Quantum Field Theory
Vary, J.P.; Honkanen, H.; Li, Jun; Maris, P.; Shirokov, A.M.; Brodsky, S.J.; Harindranath, A.; de Teramond, G.F.; Ng, E.G.; Yang, C.; Sosonkina, M.; /Ames Lab
2012-06-22
Nuclear structure physics is on the threshold of confronting several long-standing problems such as the origin of shell structure from basic nucleon-nucleon and three-nucleon interactions. At the same time those interactions are being developed with increasing contact to QCD, the underlying theory of the strong interactions, using effective field theory. The motivation is clear - QCD offers the promise of great predictive power spanning phenomena on multiple scales from quarks and gluons to nuclear structure. However, new tools that involve non-perturbative methods are required to build bridges from one scale to the next. We present an overview of recent theoretical and computational progress with a Hamiltonian approach to build these bridges and provide illustrative results for the nuclear structure of light nuclei and quantum field theory.
One-loop calculations in quantum field theory: from Feynman diagrams to unitarity cuts
Ellis, R. Keith [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Kunszt, Zoltan [Institute for Theoretical Physics (Switzerland); Melnikov, Kirill [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Zanderighi, Giulia [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics (United Kingdom)
2012-09-01
The success of the experimental program at the Tevatron re-inforced the idea that precision physics at hadron colliders is desirable and, indeed, possible. The Tevatron data strongly suggests that one-loop computations in QCD describe hard scattering well. Extrapolating this observation to the LHC, we conclude that knowledge of many short-distance processes at next-to-leading order may be required to describe the physics of hard scattering. While the field of one-loop computations is quite mature, parton multiplicities in hard LHC events are so high that traditional computational techniques become inefficient. Recently new approaches based on unitarity have been developed for calculating one-loop scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory. These methods are especially suitable for the description of multi-particle processes in QCD and are amenable to numerical implementations. We present a systematic pedagogical description of both conceptual and technical aspects of the new methods.
C. B. Compean; M. Kirchbach
2006-03-26
We present the quantum mechanics problem of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation with the trigonometric Rosen-Morse potential. This potential is of possible interest to quark physics in so far as it captures the essentials of the QCD quark-gluon dynamics and (i) interpolates between a Coulomb-like potential (associated with one-gluon exchange) and the infinite wall potential (associated with asymptotic freedom), (ii) reproduces in the intermediary region the linear confinement potential (associated with multi-gluon self-interactions) as established by lattice QCD calculations of hadron properties. Moreover, its exact real solutions given here display a new class of real orthogonal polynomials and thereby interesting mathematical entities in their own.
High detectivity short-wavelength II-VI quantum cascade detector
Ravikumar, Arvind P. Gmachl, Claire F.; Garcia, Thor A.; Tamargo, Maria C.; Jesus, Joel De
2014-08-11
We report on the experimental demonstration of a ZnCdSe/ZnCdMgSe-based short-wavelength photovoltaic Quantum Cascade Detector (QCD). The QCD operates in two spectral bands centered around 2.6??m and 3.6??m. Calibrated blackbody measurements yield a peak responsivity of 0.1?mA/W or 2400?V/W at 80?K, and a corresponding 300?K background radiation limited infrared performance detectivity (BLIP) of ?2.5?×?10{sup 10?}cm ?Hz/W. Comparison of background illuminated and dark current-voltage measurements demonstrates a BLIP temperature of 200?K. The device differential resistance-area product, decreases from about 10{sup 6} ? cm{sup 2} at 80?K to about 8000 ? cm{sup 2} at 300?K, indicative of the ultra-low Johnson noise in the detectors.
Robert Carroll
2007-11-05
We show some relations between Ricci flow and quantum theory via Fisher information and the quantum potential.
Dmitri E. Kharzeev; Larry D. McLerran; Harmen J. Warringa
2007-11-06
Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) contains field configurations which can be characterized by a topological invariant, the winding number Q_w. Configurations with nonzero Q_w break the charge-parity CP symmetry of QCD. We consider a novel mechanism by which these configurations can separate charge in the presence of a background magnetic field - the "Chiral Magnetic Effect". We argue that sufficiently large magnetic fields are created in heavy ion collisions so that the Chiral Magnetic Effect causes preferential emission of charged particles along the direction of angular momentum. Since separation of charge is CP-odd, any observation of the Chiral Magnetic Effect could provide a clear demonstration of the topological nature of the QCD vacuum. We give an estimate of the effect and conclude that it might be observed experimentally.
The Wigner Function of Produced Particles in String Fragmentation
Cheuk-Yin Wong
2009-11-05
We show that QCD4 with transverse confinement can be approximately compactified into QCD2 with a transverse quark mass $m_{{}_T}$ that is obtained by solving a set of coupled transverse eigenvalue equations. In the limits of a strong coupling and a large number of flavors, QCD2 further admits Schwinger QED2-type bosonized solutions. We therefore examine phenomenologically the space-time dynamics of produced particles in string fragmentation by studying the Wigner function of produced bosons in Schwinger QED2, which mimics many features of string fragmentation in quantum chromodynamics. We find that particles with momenta in different regions of the rapidity plateau are produced at the initial moment of string fragmentation as a quark pulls away from an antiquark at high energies, in contrast to classical pictures of string fragmentation with longitudinal space-momentum-time ordering.
The pion transition form factor and the pion distribution amplitude
S. Noguera; V. Vento
2010-01-18
Recent BaBaR data on the pion transition form factor, whose Q^2 dependence is much steeper then predicted by asymptotic Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), have caused a renewed interest in its theoretical description. We present here a formalism based on a model independent low energy description and a high energy description based on QCD, which match at a scale Q_0. The high energy description incorporates a flat pion distribution amplitude, phi(x)=1, at the matching scale Q_0 and QCD evolution from Q_0 to Q>Q_0. The flat pion distribution is connected, through soft pion theorems and chiral symmetry, to the pion valance parton distribution at the same low scale Q_0. The procedure leads to a good description of the data, and incorporating additional twist three effects, to an excellent description of the data.
Possible Hadronic Molecule Lambda(1405) and Thermal Glueballs in SU(3) Lattice QCD
H. Suganuma; N. Ishii; H. Matsufuru; Y. Nemoto; T. T. Takahashi
2004-07-08
We aim to construct quark hadron physics based on QCD. First, using lattice QCD, we study mass spectra of positive-parity and negative-parity baryons in the octet, the decuplet and the singlet representations of the SU(3) flavor. In particular, we consider the lightest negative-parity baryon, the $\\Lambda$(1405), which can be an exotic hadron as the $N \\bar K$ molecular state or the flavor-singlet three-quark state. We investigate the negative-parity flavor-singlet three-quark state in lattice QCD using the quenched approximation, where the dynamical quark-anitiquark pair creation is absent and no mixing occurs between the three-quark and the five-quark states. Our lattice QCD analysis suggests that the flavor-singlet three-quark state is so heavy that the $\\Lambda$(1405) cannot be identified as the three-quark state, which supports the possibility of the molecular-state picture of the $\\Lambda$(1405). Second, we study thermal properties of the scalar glueball in an anisotropic lattice QCD, and find about 300 MeV mass reduction near the QCD critical temperature from the pole-mass analysis. Finally, we study the three-quark potential, which is responsible to the baryon properties. The detailed lattice QCD analysis for the 3Q potential indicates the Y-type flux-tube formation linking the three quarks.
Reconfigurable quantum metamaterials
James Q. Quach; Chun-Hsu Su; Andrew M. Martin; Andrew D. Greentree; Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg
2011-06-04
By coupling controllable quantum systems into larger structures we introduce the concept of a quantum metamaterial. Conventional meta-materials represent one of the most important frontiers in optical design, with applications in diverse fields ranging from medicine to aerospace. Up until now however, metamaterials have themselves been classical structures and interact only with the classical properties of light. Here we describe a class of dynamic metamaterials, based on the quantum properties of coupled atom-cavity arrays, which are intrinsically lossless, reconfigurable, and operate fundamentally at the quantum level. We show how this new class of metamaterial could be used to create a reconfigurable quantum superlens possessing a negative index gradient for single photon imaging. With the inherent features of quantum superposition and entanglement of metamaterial properties, this new class of dynamic quantum metamaterial, opens a new vista for quantum science and technology.
Quantum convolutional stabilizer codes
Chinthamani, Neelima
2004-09-30
Quantum error correction codes were introduced as a means to protect quantum information from decoherance and operational errors. Based on their approach to error control, error correcting codes can be divided into two different classes: block codes...
Lambda Phenomena: the Lambda points of liquid Helium and chiral QCD
Sourendu Gupta; Rishi Sharma
2015-03-11
The superfluid transition of liquid Helium shares an interesting phenomenon with the chiral limit of QCD: the specific heat is finite at the critical point, but has a cusp. From this follows an interesting mixture of universal and non-universal features at the critical point. Through the CP symmetry of chiral QCD, this has implications for the fourth order baryon number susceptibility and susceptibilities of higher orders. Investigations of such a scaling will show us whether O(4) scaling is an accurate description of baryon-free QCD when the pion mass is realistic.
Lambda Phenomena: the Lambda points of liquid Helium and chiral QCD
Gupta, Sourendu
2015-01-01
The superfluid transition of liquid Helium shares an interesting phenomenon with the chiral limit of QCD: the specific heat is finite at the critical point, but has a cusp. From this follows an interesting mixture of universal and non-universal features at the critical point. Through the CP symmetry of chiral QCD, this has implications for the fourth order baryon number susceptibility and susceptibilities of higher orders. Investigations of such a scaling will show us whether O(4) scaling is an accurate description of baryon-free QCD when the pion mass is realistic.
Lattice QCD and Hydro/Cascade Model of Heavy Ion Collisions
Michael Cheng
2010-05-11
We report here on a recent lattice study of the QCD transition region at finite temperature and zero chemical potential using domain wall fermions (DWF). We also present a parameterization of the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice QCD that is suitable for use in hydrodynamics studies of heavy ion collisions. Finally, we show preliminary results from a multi-stage hydrodynamics/hadron cascade model of a heavy ion collision, in an attempt to understand how well the experimental data (e.g. particle spectra, elliptic flow, and HBT radii) can constrain the inputs (e.g. initial temperature, freezeout temperature, shear viscosity, equation of state) of the theoretical model.
Lattice QCD and Hydro/Cascade Model of Heavy Ion Collisions
Cheng, Michael
2010-01-01
We report here on a recent lattice study of the QCD transition region at finite temperature and zero chemical potential using domain wall fermions (DWF). We also present a parameterization of the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice QCD that is suitable for use in hydrodynamics studies of heavy ion collisions. Finally, we show preliminary results from a multi-stage hydrodynamics/hadron cascade model of a heavy ion collision, in an attempt to understand how well the experimental data (e.g. particle spectra, elliptic flow, and HBT radii) can constrain the inputs (e.g. initial temperature, freezeout temperature, shear viscosity, equation of state) of the theoretical model.
Consequences of the partial restoration of chiral symmetry in AdS/QCD
Youngman Kim; Hyun Kyu Lee
2008-02-18
Chiral symmetry is an essential concept in understanding QCD at low energy. We treat the chiral condensate, which measures the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry, as a free parameter to investigate the effect of partially restored chiral symmetry on the physical quantities in the frame work of an AdS/QCD model. We observe an interesting scaling behavior among the nucleon mass, pion decay constant and chiral condensate. We propose a phenomenological way to introduce the temperature dependence of a physical quantity in the AdS/QCD model with the thermal AdS metric.
Free energy of static quarks and the renormalized Polyakov loop in full QCD
K. Petrov; for the RBC-Bielefeld Collaboration
2007-10-23
We present results from a detailed study of singlet free energies in full QCD with realistic quark masses. An improved scheme for the non-perturbative renormalization of the Polyakov loop is used and we compare its temperature dependence for QCD with different flavor content. We also analyze screening masses extracted from singlet free energies at various temperatures close to and above the QCD transition temperature. We conclude that the temperature dependence of screening masses is well described by perturbation theory up to a non-perturbative pre-factor. An effective running coupling has been determined for all temperature values giving additional insight into screening phenomena at high temperature.
Jae-Suk Park; John Terilla; Thomas Tradler
2009-09-21
We introduce the concept of a quantum background and a functor QFT. In the case that the QFT moduli space is smooth formal, we construct a flat quantum superconnection on a bundle over QFT which defines algebraic structures relevant to correlation functions in quantum field theory. We go further and identify chain level generalizations of correlation functions which should be present in all quantum field theories.
Charmonium properties in deconfinement phase in anisotropic lattice QCD
H. Iida; T. Doi; N. Ishii; H. Suganuma; K. Tsumura
2006-06-14
J/Psi and eta_c above the QCD critical temperature T_c are studied in anisotropic quenched lattice QCD, considering whether the c\\bar c systems above T_c are spatially compact (quasi-)bound states or scattering states. We adopt the standard Wilson gauge action and O(a)-improved Wilson quark action with renormalized anisotropy a_s/a_t =4.0 at \\beta=6.10 on 16^3\\times (14-26) lattices, which correspond to the spatial lattice volume V\\equiv L^3\\simeq(1.55{\\rm fm})^3 and temperatures T\\simeq(1.11-2.07)T_c. We investigate the c\\bar c system above T_c from the temporal correlators with spatially-extended operators, where the overlap with the ground state is enhanced. To clarify whether compact charmonia survive in the deconfinement phase, we investigate spatial boundary-condition dependence of the energy of c\\bar c systems above T_c. In fact, for low-lying S-wave c \\bar c scattering states, it is expected that there appears a significant energy difference \\Delta E \\equiv E{\\rm (APBC)}-E{\\rm (PBC)}\\simeq2\\sqrt{m_c^2+3\\pi^2/L^2}-2m_c (m_c: charm quark mass) between periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions on the finite-volume lattice. In contrast, for compact charmonia, there is no significant energy difference between periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions. As a lattice QCD result, almost no spatial boundary-condition dependence is observed for the energy of the c\\bar c system in J/\\Psi and \\eta_c channels for T\\simeq(1.11-2.07)T_c. This fact indicates that J/\\Psi and \\eta_c would survive as spatially compact c\\bar c (quasi-)bound states below 2T_c. We also investigate a $P$-wave channel at high temperature with maximally entropy method (MEM) and find no low-lying peak structure corresponding to \\chi_{c1} at 1.62T_c.
Keller, Dustin M. [University of Virginia; Hicks, Kenneth H. [OHIO
2013-05-01
The transition magnetic moments for decuplet-to-octet baryon electromagnetic decays are calculated from the CLAS experimental results and are compared with calculations to first order in the 1/N{sub c} expansion of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and new U-spin predictions. Using the U-spin predictions for the {Sigma} *{sup 0} --> {Sigma}{sup 0} {gamma} and {Sigma} *{sup +} ? {Sigma}{sup +} {gamma} decays, the SU(3)-forbidden transition {Sigma} *{sup -} ? {Sigma}{sup -} {gamma} is obtained. In addition, the doubly strange baryon radiative decay {Xi} *{sup 0} ? {Xi} {gamma} is predicted using U-spin.
Chemical freeze-out parameters in Beam Energy Scan Program of STAR at RHIC
Sabita Das
2014-12-01
The STAR experiment at RHIC has completed its first phase of the Beam Energy Scan (BES-I) program to understand the phase structure of the quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The bulk properties of the system formed in Au+Au collisions at different center of mass energy $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV have been studied from the data collected in the year 2010 and 2011. The centrality and energy dependence of mid-rapidity ($|y|$ chemical freeze-out parameters are extracted using measured particle ratios within the framework of a statistical model.
POLYSHIFT Communications Software for the Connection Machine System CM-200
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
George, William; Brickner, Ralph G.; Johnsson, S. Lennart
1994-01-01
We describe the use and implementation of a polyshift function PSHIFT for circular shifts and end-offs shifts. Polyshift is useful in many scientific codes using regular grids, such as finite difference codes in several dimensions, and multigrid codes, molecular dynamics computations, and in lattice gauge physics computations, such as quantum chromodynamics (QCD) calculations. Our implementation of the PSHIFT function on the Connection Machine systems CM-2 and CM-200 offers a speedup of up to a factor of 3–4 compared with CSHIFT when the local data motion within a node is small. The PSHIFT routine is included in the Connection Machine Scientificmore »Software Library (CMSSL).« less
Nuclear enhanced power corrections to DIS structure functions
Xiaofeng Guo; Jianwei Qiu; Wei Zhu
2001-10-03
We calculate nuclear enhanced power corrections to structure functions measured in deeply inelastic lepton-nucleus scattering in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). We find that the nuclear medium enhanced power corrections at order of $O(\\alpha_s/Q^2)$ enhance the longitudinal structure function $F_L$, and suppress the transverse structure function $F_1$. We demonstrate that strong nuclear effects in $\\sigma_A/\\sigma_D$ and $R_A/R_D$, recently observed by HERMES Collaboration, can be explained in terms of the nuclear enhanced power corrections.
Stephen Hawking Quantum Gravity
Visser, Matt
Stephen Hawking and Quantum Gravity Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint Louis USA Science Saturdays 4 Nov 2000 #12; Stephen Hawking and Quantum Gravity Abstract: Through research, Stephen Hawking has captured a place in the popular imagina- tion. Quantum gravity in its various
Giulio Chiribella; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti
2007-12-09
We present a method for optimizing quantum circuits architecture. The method is based on the notion of "quantum comb", which describes a circuit board in which one can insert variable subcircuits. The method allows one to efficiently address novel kinds of quantum information processing tasks, such as storing-retrieving, and cloning of channels.
Matthew James
2014-06-20
This paper explains some fundamental ideas of {\\em feedback} control of quantum systems through the study of a relatively simple two-level system coupled to optical field channels. The model for this system includes both continuous and impulsive dynamics. Topics covered in this paper include open and closed loop control, impulsive control, optimal control, quantum filtering, quantum feedback networks, and coherent feedback control.
Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Eduardo J. S. Villaseñor
2008-04-23
The purpose of this contribution is to give a very brief introduction to Quantum Mechanics for an audience of mathematicians. I will follow Segal's approach to Quantum Mechanics paying special attention to algebraic issues. The usual representation of Quantum Mechanics on Hilbert spaces is also discussed.
Randall Espinoza; Tom Imbo; Paul Lopata
2004-03-30
We investigate an entangled deformation of the deterministic quantum cloning process, called enscription, that can be applied to (certain) sets of distinct quantum states which are not necessarily orthogonal, called texts. Some basic theorems on enscribable texts are given, and a relationship to probabilistic quantum cloning is demonstrated.
Vacuum energy: quantum hydrodynamics vs quantum gravity
G. E. Volovik
2005-09-09
We compare quantum hydrodynamics and quantum gravity. They share many common features. In particular, both have quadratic divergences, and both lead to the problem of the vacuum energy, which in the quantum gravity transforms to the cosmological constant problem. We show that in quantum liquids the vacuum energy density is not determined by the quantum zero-point energy of the phonon modes. The energy density of the vacuum is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the liquid including the radius of the liquid droplet. In the same manner the cosmological constant is not determined by the zero-point energy of quantum fields. It is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the Universe dynamics: the Hubble radius, the Newton constant and the energy density of matter. The same may hold for the Higgs mass problem: the quadratically divergent quantum correction to the Higgs potential mass term is also cancelled by the microscopic (trans-Planckian) degrees of freedom due to thermodynamic stability of the whole quantum vacuum.
Quantum chaos in quantum Turing machines
Ilki Kim; Guenter Mahler
1999-10-18
We investigate a 2-spin quantum Turing architecture, in which discrete local rotations \\alpha_m of the Turing head spin alternate with quantum controlled NOT-operations. We demonstrate that a single chaotic parameter input \\alpha_m leads to a chaotic dynamics in the entire Hilbert-space.
Quantum Information Science | ornl.gov
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H. Niemi; K. J. Eskola; R. Paatelainen
2015-05-11
We introduce an event-by-event perturbative-QCD + saturation + hydro ("EKRT") framework for ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, where we compute the produced fluctuating QCD-matter energy densities from next-to-leading order perturbative QCD using a saturation conjecture to control soft particle production, and describe the space-time evolution of the QCD matter with dissipative fluid dynamics, event by event. We perform a simultaneous comparison of the centrality dependence of hadronic multiplicities, transverse momentum spectra, and flow coefficients of the azimuth-angle asymmetries, against the LHC and RHIC measurements. We compare also the computed event-by-event probability distributions of relative fluctuations of elliptic flow, and event-plane angle correlations, with the experimental data from Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC. We show how such a systematic multi-energy and multi-observable analysis tests the initial state calculation and the applicability region of hydrodynamics, and in particular how it constrains the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity-to-entropy ratio of QCD matter in its different phases in a remarkably consistent manner.
Phase transition in finite density and temperature lattice QCD
Rui Wang; Ying Chen; Ming Gong; Chuan Liu; Yu-Bin Liu; Zhao-Feng Liu; Jian-Ping Ma; Xiang-Fei Meng; Jian-Bo Zhang
2015-04-09
We investigate the behavior of the chiral condensate in lattice QCD at finite temperature and finite chemical potential. The study was done using two flavors of light quarks and with a series of $\\beta$ and $ma$ at the lattice size $24\\times12^{2}\\times6$. The calculation was done in the Taylar expansion formalism. We are able to calculate the first and second order derivatives of $\\langle\\bar{\\psi}\\psi\\rangle$ in both isoscalar and isovector channels. With the first derivatives being small, we find that the second derivatives are sizable close to the phase transition and the magnitude of $\\bar{\\psi}\\psi$ decreases under the influence of finite chemical potential in both channels.
Transverse momentum-dependent parton distribution functions in lattice QCD
Engelhardt, Michael G. [New Mexico State University; Musch, Bernhard U. [Tech. University Munich; Haegler, Philipp G. [Tech. University Munich; Negele, John W. [MIT; Schaefer, Andreas [Regensburg
2013-08-01
A fundamental structural property of the nucleon is the distribution of quark momenta, both parallel as well as perpendicular to its propagation. Experimentally, this information is accessible via selected processes such as semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) and the Drell-Yan process (DY), which can be parametrized in terms of transversemomentum-dependent parton distributions (TMDs). On the other hand, these distribution functions can be extracted from nucleon matrix elements of a certain class of bilocal quark operators in which the quarks are connected by a staple-shaped Wilson line serving to incorporate initial state (DY) or final state (SIDIS) interactions. A scheme for evaluating such matrix elements within lattice QCD is developed. This requires casting the calculation in a particular Lorentz frame, which is facilitated by a parametrization of the matrix elements in terms of invariant amplitudes. Exploratory results are presented for the time-reversal odd Sivers and Boer-Mulders transverse momentum shifts.
Temperature dependent transport coefficients in a dynamical holographic QCD model
Danning Li; Song He; Mei Huang
2014-11-19
We investigate temperature dependent behavior of various transport coefficients in a dynamical holographical QCD model. We show the nontrivial temperature dependent behavior of the transport coefficients, like bulk viscosity, electric conductivity as well as jet quenching parameter, and it is found that all these quantities reveal information of the phase transition. Furthermore, with introducing higher derivative corrections in 5D gravity, the shear viscosity over entropy density ratio also shows a valley around phase transition, and it is found that the shear viscosity over entropy density ratio times the jet quenching over temperature cubic ratio almost remains as a constant above phase transition, and the value is two times larger than the perturbative result in Phys.Rev.Lett.99.192301(2007).
QCD description of backward vector meson hard electroproduction
B. Pire; K. Semenov-Tian-Shansky; L. Szymanowski
2015-03-10
We consider backward vector meson exclusive electroproduction off nucleons in the framework of collinear QCD factorization. Nucleon to vector meson transition distribution amplitudes arise as building blocks for the corresponding factorized amplitudes. In the near-backward kinematics, the suggested factorization mechanism results in the dominance of the transverse cross section of vector meson production ($\\sigma_T \\gg \\sigma_L$) and in the characteristic $1/Q^8$-scaling behavior of the cross section. We evaluate nucleon to vector meson TDAs in the cross-channel nucleon exchange model and present estimates of the differential cross section for backward $\\rho^0$, $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ meson production off protons. The resulting cross sections are shown to be measurable in the forthcoming JLab@12 GeV experiments.
A Bayesian analysis of the nucleon QCD sum rules
Keisuke Ohtani; Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka
2011-10-03
QCD sum rules of the nucleon channel are reanalyzed, using the maximum entropy method (MEM). This new approach, based on the Bayesian probability theory, does not restrict the spectral function to the usual "pole + continuum"-form, allowing a more flexible investigation of the nucleon spectral function. Making use of this flexibility, we are able to investigate the spectral functions of various interpolating fields, finding that the nucleon ground state mainly couples to an operator containing a scalar diquark. Moreover, we formulate the Gaussian sum rule for the nucleon channel and find that it is more suitable for the MEM analysis to extract the nucleon pole in the region of its experimental value, while the Borel sum rule does not contain enough information to clearly separate the nucleon pole from the continuum.
Matching NLO QCD computations and parton shower simulations
S. Frixione; B. R. Webber
2002-07-12
We propose a method for matching the next-to-leading order (NLO) calculation of a given QCD process with a parton shower Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. The method has the following features: fully exclusive events are generated, with hadronization according to the MC model; total exclusive rates are accurate to NLO; NLO results for distributions are recovered upon expansion in $\\alpha_S$; hard emissions are treated as in NLO computations while soft/collinear emissions are handled by the MC simulation, with the same logarithmic accuracy as the MC; and matching between the hard- and soft/collinear-emission regions is smooth. A fraction of events with negative weight is generated, but unweighting remains possible with reasonable efficiency. The method is clarified using a simple toy model, and illustrated by application to the hadroproduction of W$^+$W$^-$ pairs.
The rare decay $H\\to Z?$ in perturbative QCD
Thomas Gehrmann; Sam Guns; Dominik Kara
2015-08-21
The rare Higgs boson decay $H\\to Z\\gamma$ is forbidden at tree-level. In the Standard Model, it is loop-mediated through a $W$ boson or a heavy quark. We analytically compute the QCD correction to the heavy quark loop, confirming earlier purely numerical results, that were obtained for on-shell renormalization. The small quark mass expansion of the decay matrix element contains only single-logarithmic contributions at each perturbative order, which is in contrast to the double logarithms observed in $H\\to \\gamma\\gamma$. We investigate the numerical interplay of bottom and top quark contributions, and the dependence of the result on the renormalization scheme.
Hadron Resonance Gas Equation of State from Lattice QCD
V. Vovchenko; D. V. Anchishkin; M. I. Gorenstein
2015-01-23
The Monte Carlo results in lattice QCD for the pressure and energy density at small temperature $T analyzed within the hadron resonance gas model. Two extensions of the ideal hadron resonance gas are considered: the excluded volume model which describes a repulsion of hadrons at short distances and Hagedorn model with the exponential mass spectrum. Considering both of these models one by one we do not find the conclusive evidences in favor of any of them. The controversial results appear because of rather different sensitivities of the pressure and energy density to both excluded volume and Hagedorn mass spectrum effects. On the other hand, we have found a clear evidence for a simultaneous presence of both of them. They lead to rather essential contributions: suppression effects for thermodynamical functions of the hadron resonance gas due to the excluded volume effects and enhancement due to the Hagedorn mass spectrum.
Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.; Guo, Peng; Thomas, Christopher E.
2013-11-18
We report on the extraction of an excited spectrum of isoscalar mesons using lattice QCD. Calculations on several lattice volumes are performed with a range of light quark masses corresponding to pion masses down to about ~400 MeV. The distillation method enables us to evaluate the required disconnected contributions with high statistical precision for a large number of meson interpolating fields. We find relatively little mixing between light and strange in most JPC channels; one notable exception is the pseudoscalar sector where the approximate SU(3)F octet, singlet structure of the ?, ?' is reproduced. We extract exotic JPC states, identifiedmore »as hybrid mesons in which an excited gluonic field is coupled to a color-octet qqbar pair, along with non-exotic hybrid mesons embedded in a qq¯-like spectrum.« less
Study of the D*? system using QCD sum rules
Torres, A. Martínez; Khemchandani, K. P.; Nielsen, M.; Navarra, F. S.; Oset, E.
2014-11-11
In this proceeding we present a study of the D*? system made by using the method of QCD sum rules. Considering isospin and spin projectors, we investigate the different configurations and obtain three D* mesons with isospin I = 1/2, spin S = 0, 1, 2 and with masses 2500±67 MeV, 2523±60 MeV, and 2439±119 MeV, respectively. The last state can be related to D{sub 2}{sup *} (2460) (spin 2) listed by the Particle Data Group, while one of the first two might be associated with D*(2640), whose spin-parity is unknown. In the case of I = 3/2 we also find evidences of three states with spin 0, 1 and 2, respectively, with masses 2467±82 MeV, 2420±128 MeV, and 2550±56 MeV.
Novel QCD Effects from Initial and Final State Interactions
Brodsky, Stanley J.
2007-09-12
Initial-state and final-state interactions which are conventionally neglected in the parton model, have a profound effect in QCD hard-scattering reactions. The effects, which arise from gluon exchange between the active and spectator quarks, cause leading-twist single-spin asymmetries, diffractive deep inelastic scattering, diffractive hard hadronic reactions, and the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions. Diffractive deep inelastic scattering also leads to nuclear shadowing and non-universal antishadowing of nuclear structure functions through multiple scattering reactions in the nuclear target. Factorization-breaking effects are particularly important for hard hadron interactions since both initial-state and final-state interactions appear. Related factorization breaking effects can also appear in exclusive electroproduction reactions and in deeply virtual Compton scattering. None of the effects of initial-state and final-state interactions are incorporated in the light-front wavefunctions of the target hadron computed in isolation.
Chern-Simons-Schwinger model of confinement in $QCD$
Antonio Aurilia; Patricio Gaete; Euro Spallucci
2015-04-22
It has been shown that the mechanism of formation of glue-bags in the strong coupling limit of Yang-Mills theory can be understood in terms of the dynamics of a higher-rank abelian gauge field, namely, the 3-form dual to the Chern-Simons topological current. Building on this result, we show that the field theoretical interpretation of the Chern-Simons term, as opposed to its topological interpretation, also leads to the analytic form of the confinement potential that arises in the large distance limit of $QCD$. In fact, for a $(3+1)$-dimensional generalization of the Schwinger model, we explicitly compute the interaction energy. This generalization is due to the presence of the topological gauge field $A_{\\mu\
Phase transition in finite density and temperature lattice QCD
Wang, Rui; Gong, Ming; Liu, Chuan; Liu, Yu-Bin; Liu, Zhao-Feng; Ma, Jian-Ping; Meng, Xiang-Fei; Zhang, Jian-Bo
2015-01-01
We investigate the behavior of the chiral condensate in lattice QCD at finite temperature and finite chemical potential. The study was done using two flavors of light quarks and with a series of $\\beta$ and $ma$ at the lattice size $24\\times12^{2}\\times6$. The calculation was done in the Taylar expansion formalism. We are able to calculate the first and second order derivatives of $\\langle\\bar{\\psi}\\psi\\rangle$ in both isoscalar and isovector channels. With the first derivatives being small, we find that the second derivatives are sizable close to the phase transition and the magnitude of $\\bar{\\psi}\\psi$ decreases under the influence of finite chemical potential in both channels.
QCD thermodynamics with continuum extrapolated Wilson fermions II
Szabolcs Borsanyi; Stephan Durr; Zoltan Fodor; Christian Holbling; Sandor D. Katz; Stefan Krieg; Daniel Nogradi; Kalman K. Szabo; Balint C. Toth; Norbert Trombitas
2015-07-13
We continue our investigation of 2+1 flavor QCD thermodynamics using dynamical Wilson fermions in the fixed scale approach. Two additional pion masses, approximately 440 MeV and 285 MeV, are added to our previous work at 545 MeV. The simulations were performed at 3 or 4 lattice spacings at each pion mass. The renormalized chiral condensate, strange quark number susceptibility and Polyakov loop is obtained as a function of the temperature and we observe a decrease in the light chiral pseudo-critical temperature as the pion mass is lowered while the pseudo-critical temperature associated with the strange quark number susceptibility or the Polyakov loop is only mildly sensitive to the pion mass. These findings are in agreement with previous continuum results obtained in the staggered formulation.
Master integrals for splitting functions from differential equations in QCD
O. Gituliar
2015-12-10
A method for calculating phase-space master integrals for the decay process $1 \\to n$ massless partons in QCD using integration-by-parts and differential equations techniques is discussed. The method is based on the appropriate choice of the basis for master integrals which leads to significant simplification of differential equations. We describe an algorithm how to construct the desirable basis, so that the resulting system of differential equations can be recursively solved in terms of (G)HPLs as a series in the dimensional regulator $\\epsilon$ to any order. We demonstrate its power by calculating master integrals for the NLO time-like splitting functions and discuss future applications of the proposed method at the NNLO precision.
Resummation of clustering logarithms for non-global QCD observables
Delenda, Yazid
2013-01-01
We address the problem of resumming leading clustering logs in QCD jet observables defined using the k_t, CA and SISCone algorithms. We specifically choose the jet mass distribution as an example and calculate up to order(alpha_s^4) clustering-log terms in the series expansion at single-log accuracy. These terms are found to exhibit a pattern of exponentiation and we are thus able to perform an all-orders analytical resummation for the clustering logs. We also numerically calculate the non-global logs at large N_c. We show that our result for the resummation of clustering logs is a very good analytical approximation to the numerical result obtained using a specialised Monte Carlo program.
Physical Point Simulation in 2+1 Flavor Lattice QCD
PACS-CS Collaboration; :; S. Aoki; K. -I. Ishikawa; N. Ishizuka; T. Izubuchi; D. Kadoh; K. Kanaya; Y. Kuramashi; Y. Namekawa; M. Okawa; Y. Taniguchi; A. Ukawa; N. Ukita; T. Yamazaki; T. Yoshie
2010-04-04
We present the results of the physical point simulation in 2+1 flavor lattice QCD with the nonperturbatively $O(a)$-improved Wilson quark action and the Iwasaki gauge action at $\\beta=1.9$ on a $32^3 \\times 64$ lattice. The physical quark masses together with the lattice spacing is determined with $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ as physical inputs. There are two key algorithmic ingredients to make possible the direct simulation at the physical point: One is the mass-preconditioned domain-decomposed HMC algorithm to reduce the computational cost. The other is the reweighting technique to adjust the hopping parameters exactly to the physical point. The physics results include the hadron spectrum, the quark masses and the pseudoscalar meson decay constants. The renormalization factors are nonperturbatively evaluated with the Schr{\\"o}dinger functional method. The results are compared with the previous ones obtained by the chiral extrapolation method.