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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Numerical modeling of the elution peak profiles of retained solutes in supercritical fluid chromatography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), the significant expansion of the mobile phase along the column causes the formation of axial and radial gradients of temperature. Due to these gradients, the mobile phase density, its viscosity, its velocity, its diffusion coefficients, etc. are not constant throughout the column. This results in a nonuniform flow velocity distribution, itself causing a loss of column efficiency in certain cases, even at low flow rates, as they do in HPLC. At high flow rates, an important deformation of the elution profiles of the sample components may occur. The model previously used to account satisfactorily for the retention of an unsorbed solute in SFC is applied to the modeling of the elution peak profiles of retained compounds. The numerical solution of the combined heat and mass balance equations provides the temperature and the pressure profiles inside the column and values of the retention time and the band profiles of retained compounds that are in excellent agreement with independent experimental data for large value of mobile phase reduced density. At low reduced densities, the band profiles can strongly depend on the column axial distribution of porosity.

Kaczmarski, Krzysztof [University of Tennessee and Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland; Guiochon, Georges A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tax Deduction Qualified Software EnergyGauge Summit version 3.21 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.20 (incorporating DOE-2.1E (v120)) qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 3 September 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road

3

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergyGauge Summit version 3.20 EnergyGauge Summit version 3.20 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.20 (incorporating DOE-2.1E (v120)) qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 5 June 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, Florida 39922 http://www.energygauge.com

4

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRACE 700 version 6.2.9 TRACE 700 version 6.2.9 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.2.9 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 3 October 2012 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Trane 3600 Pammel Creek Road La Crosse, WI 54601 http://www.trane.com/trace (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for

5

TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches Matrix | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Matrix TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches Matrix Matrix of DOE Technical Qualification Program Qualifying Official Approaches DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix More...

6

NPO Qualifying Officials Primary Functional Area* Qualifying Official  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NPO Qualifying Officials NPO Qualifying Officials Primary Functional Area* Qualifying Official Aviation Safety Officer/ Aviation Manager Richard Caummisar Chemical Processing Jim Goss, Ken Ivey Civil/Structural Engineering Dale Christensen Conduct of Maintenance Any Qualified Facility Representative, Carlos Alvarado, Earl Burkholder, Terrv Zimmennan Construction Management and Engineering Anna Beard, Terry Zimmennan, Dale Christenson, Don Peters Construction Project/Safety Richard Caummisar, Terry Zimmerman, Susan Morris Criticality Safety Roy Hedtke, Ed Kendall Deactivation and Decommission Catherine Schidel Explosives Safety Program Scott Wood Electrical Systems Scott Doleml, Roger Kulavich, Steve Wellbaum .Emergency Management Rodney Barnes Environmental Management Areas Susan Morris. Craig Snider, Jim Donnelly

7

Peak Power at Peak Efficiency  

Peak Power At Peak Efficiency. 21. st. Industry Growth Forum. October 2008. PJ Piper (857) 350?3100. ... At <$10/bbl oil, QM Powers electric ...

8

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ''Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008'', enacted in October 2008, authorized the issuance of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) that may be used by state, local and tribal...

9

ENERGY STAR Qualified Boilers | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualified Boilers Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov Communities Consumer Data ENERGY STAR Qualified...

10

TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches - NNSA Production...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches - NNSA Production Office TQP Qualifying Official Training Approaches - NNSA Production Office A QO is an individual who has the...

11

Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Commerce Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK) allows for the retention of employee payroll withholding taxes for qualified companies or third parties performing services on behalf of such companies. This program offers qualified companies the ability to retain 95 percent of their payroll withholding tax for up to five to seven years. PEAK is available to new

12

Building Technologies Office: Qualified Software for Calculating...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

you'll find a list of qualified computer software for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements. To submit...

13

Qualified Projects of Natural Gas Utilities (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Permits a natural gas utility to construct the necessary facilities of a qualifying project and to recover the eligible infrastructure development costs necessary to develop the eligible...

14

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate 500 Program Info Start Date 1/1/1994 State Arizona Program Type Personal Deduction Rebate Amount Total cost, exclusive of taxes, interest and other finance charges Provider Arizona Department of Revenue This incentive allows Arizona taxpayers to deduct the cost of converting an existing wood fireplace to a qualifying wood stove. The cost to purchase and install all necessary equipment is tax deductible, up to a maximum $500 deduction. Qualifying wood stoves must meet the standards of performance for new wood heaters manufactured after July 1990, or sold after July 1992 pursuant to [http://www.epa.gov/oecaerth/resources/policies/monitoring/caa/woodstover...

15

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2012 8, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation projects at very attractive borrowing rates over long contract terms. In June 2012, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published a notice to clarify what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of the approximately $2.5 billion of remaining QECB issuance capacity. The guidance addresses two qualified uses of QECB proceeds-how issuers should measure energy use reductions in publicly-owned buildings and what constitutes a green community program.

16

Requirements and Submission Process for Qualified Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Requirements and Submission Process for Qualified Software The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) verifies and maintains the list of software that qualifies for the calculation of the energy and power cost savings for commercial building tax deductions under tax code Section 179D. The software requirements are listed under Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations, Notice 2006-52

17

Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualified List of Qualified List of Energy Service Companies to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Qualified List of Energy Service Companies on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts Assistance & Contacts Resources Laws & Regulations Energy Service Companies

18

The Qualified Energy Project Tax Exemption (Ohio) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Qualified Energy Project Tax Exemption (Ohio) The Qualified Energy Project Tax Exemption (Ohio) Eligibility Commercial Savings For Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel...

19

DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Office FTCP FAQS Qualifying Officials list DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix Additional Information FTCP History FTCP Members FTCP Plans & Reports FTCP Guiding...

20

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and Internal Revenue Service Title Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Hiring Qualified Contractors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Energy Assurance » Emergency Preparedness » Community Services » Energy Assurance » Emergency Preparedness » Community Guidelines » Hiring Qualified Contractors Hiring Qualified Contractors Hiring Qualified Contractors No matter how urgent your need for repairs, take the time to hire the right contractors to help you rebuild your home/business. You may need to hire certified technicians to assess your home/business for possible structural, electrical, or natural gas-related safety issues before restoring energy supplies. You may also encounter dishonest or unqualified contractors trying to take advantage of disaster victims. Learn all you can about restoration requirements and your contractor-especially if he or she solicits you. Contact your local city or county building inspectors for information on structural safety codes and standards that may govern the

22

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Deduction Qualified Software IES version 6.3 On this page you'll find information about the IES version 6.3 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 30 March 2011 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Integrated Environmental Solutions Limited Helix Building, West Of Scotland Science Park,

23

Qualified List of Energy Service Companies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified List of Energy Service Companies Qualified List of Energy Service Companies Qualified List of Energy Service Companies October 7, 2013 - 1:46pm Addthis The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) established the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Qualified List of Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and 10 CFR 436. The DOE Qualified List of ESCOs is composed of private industry firms that have submitted an application and been qualified by a qualification review board comprised of DOE staff. FEMP strongly recommends contacting Douglas Eisemann, 703-653-5425, douglas_eisemann@sra.com, with questions before submitting an application for inclusion on the DOE Qualified List of ESCOs. Applying for the DOE Qualified List Applications for the DOE Qualified List are accepted throughout the year.

24

Qualifying Officials Briefing - Y-12 Site Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Y-12 SITE OFFICE Qualifying Officials Briefing 1. Purpose: The Manager, Y-12 Site Office (YSO), will establish the standard for the conduct of training activities by Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) who have been assigned as Qualifying Officials (QO) for the YSO. 2. Terminal Objective: Each QO will receive authorization from the Manager to sign qualification cards for designated competencies. 3. Major Points: a. Primary Responsibility of the QOs - The YSO QOs shall evaluate a trainee in such a manner that he/she achieves some understanding that the trainee knows the substance of the subject being reviewed before signing off on a qual card. The QO must be personally convinced that the trainee knows what is in the standard.

25

Pluggable type-checking for custom type qualifiers in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have created a framework for adding custom type qualifiers to the Javalanguage in a backward-compatible way. The type system designer definesthe qualifiers and creates a compiler plug-in that enforces theirsemantics. ...

Papi, Matthew M.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

26

Oil Peak or Panic?  

SciTech Connect

In this balanced consideration of the peak-oil controversy, Gorelick comes down on the side of the optimists.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Qualifying Official Training Handout - Sandia Site Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Handout Training Handout 1 of 2 SSO TQP QO Training Handout Revision 3, 1/10/2012 Responsibilities Qualifying officials (QOs) are responsible for performing the following:  Complete QO training and sign the attestation form and provide it to the requesting supervisor.  Prepare for qualification evaluations by reviewing the qualification standard competencies, applicable references and other necessary materials  Meet with participants to evaluate knowledge level  Conduct evaluations according to the guidance provided in the QO training and this document  Ensure that participants can demonstrate proficiency in the applicable competencies  Document when the participant meets or exceeds the requirements of the applicable competencies

28

DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » Services » Assistance » Federal Technical Capability Program » DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches DOE Qualifying Official Training Approaches Qualifying Official Training Approaches Idaho Operations Office Livermore Field Office Nevada Field Office NNSA Production Office NNSA Service Center Office of Science, SC-3 Office of Science, Chicago Office of Science, Oak Ridge Savannah River Operations Office Sandia Field Office FTCP FAQS Qualifying Officials list DOE Qualifying Official Approach Matrix Additional Information FTCP History FTCP Members FTCP Plans & Reports FTCP Guiding Documents FTCP Issue Papers FTCP Site Specific Information Workforce Analysis and Staffing Enforcement Guidance Oversight Reporting Security Classification Nuclear Safety Assistance

29

Peaks Over Threshold Plot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CAPTURE POT.OUT PEAKS OVER THRESHOLD PLOT Y17 R END OF CAPTURE . SKIP 0 READ DPST2F.DAT ITER NPOINTS THRESH R2 XR . ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

30

Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Deducations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Deducations Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Deducations On this page you'll find a list of qualified computer software for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements. To submit software for consideration to be added to this list, please read Requirements and Submission Process for Qualified Software. Qualified Software per IRS Notice 2006-52 as amplified by IRS Notice 2008-40, Section 4 The following software satisfies the requirements under Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations, Notice 2006-52 Section 6, dated June 2, 2006 as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4. See the IRS requirements document for each version of software for details.

31

Project Number: MQP-SJB-1A03 Solar Panel Peak Power Tracking System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Number: MQP-SJB-1A03 Solar Panel Peak Power Tracking System A Major Qualifying Project of a Maximum Peak Power Tracking (MPPT) controller for a solar photovoltaic battery charging system is proposed ................................................................................................. 8 2.1.1 Solar Power Fundamentals

Brown III, Donald R.

32

Office of Science, SC-3, Qualifying Official Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science, SC-3 Science, SC-3 Qualifying Official (QO) Training Qualifying Official (QO) Training August 2009 August 2009 1 Updated 8/4/09, 1:20pm, CLS Purpose As an SC-3 Qualifying Official (QO) you are Q y g (Q ) y charged with assuring that the technical personnel whom you are evaluating have met and can apply their competencies of their assigned Technical their competencies of their assigned Technical Qualification Program (TQP) qualification standards. 2 Authorization As such each SC-3 Qualifying Official (QO) has As such, each SC-3 Qualifying Official (QO) has received authorization from SC-3 to sign TQP documents or qualification cards for designated i competencies or standards. Office/Facility Specific Standards OFSs y "Site-specific" Functional Area Qualification Standards FAQS "DOE-wide"

33

Building Technologies Office: Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Deductions Qualified Software for Calculating Commercial Building Tax Deductions On this page you'll find a list of qualified computer software for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements. To submit software for consideration to be added to this list, please read Requirements and Submission Process for Qualified Software. Qualified Software per IRS Notice 2006-52 as amplified by IRS Notice 2008-40, Section 4 The following software satisfies the requirements under Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations, Notice 2006-52 Section 6, dated June 2, 2006 as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4. See the IRS requirements document for each version of software for details.

34

PEAK READING VOLTMETER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in peak reading voltmeters is described, which provides for storing an electrical charge representative of the magnitude of a transient voltage pulse and thereafter measuring the stored charge, drawing oniy negligible energy from the storage element. The incoming voltage is rectified and stored in a condenser. The voltage of the capacitor is applied across a piezoelectric crystal between two parallel plates. Amy change in the voltage of the capacitor is reflected in a change in the dielectric constant of the crystal and the capacitance between a second pair of plates affixed to the crystal is altered. The latter capacitor forms part of the frequency determlning circuit of an oscillator and means is provided for indicating the frequency deviation which is a measure of the peak voltage applied to the voltmeter.

Dyer, A.L.

1958-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

35

Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Maximum Rebate Varies by technology Program Info Start Date 09/30/2009 State Vermont Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by technology Provider VEPP, Inc. '''''Note: The first RFP for the new competitive award process has passed; applications were accepted through May 1, 2013. See the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. ''''' In May 2009, Vermont enacted legislation requiring all Vermont retail electricity providers to purchase electricity generated by eligible

36

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Bond Program Provider Ohio Air Quality Development Authority The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) administers the Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECB) program in Ohio. QECBs have been used by local governments and public universities to finance the installation of energy conserving equipment in publicly owned buildings. Under a QECB financing package, OAQDA authorizes Air Quality Development Bonds for issuance as a Series A federally tax-exempt bond and a Series B

37

Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Sales Tax Incentive Provider Enterprise Florida The Qualified Target Industry Tax Refund incentive is available for companies that create high wage jobs in targeted high value-added industries. The incentive refunds up to $3,000 per new full-time employee, $6000 in an Enterprise Zone. More tax refunds are available if companies reach certain wage levels. This incentive also includes refunds on corporate income, sales, ad valorem, intangible personal property,

38

2013 FTCP FAQ Standards Qualifying Officials List - Idaho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

. IDAHO OPERATIONS OFFICE . IDAHO OPERATIONS OFFICE Qualifying Officials List Submi ed by: Pinup, DOE-ID TQP Manager and Safety Division Nuclear Energy Robert D. Boston, Deputy Manager Operations Support ames R. Cooper, Deputy Idaho Cleanup Project Revision 3, February 2013 Appr~ Mar~rown. FTCPAiefl Idaho Operations Office 1 of 5 Date Date Date Functional Area Qualifying Officials DOE-ID Qualifying Officials List Revision 3 February 2013 Note: DOE-ID Senior Technical Safety Managers (those in an STSM identified positions that have completed the STSM qualification) may sign for any competency in the DOE-ID Technical Qualification Program Qualification Standards. Other STSM qualified personnel not in identified STSM positions may sign for competencies completed as part of their TQP Qualifications.

39

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction (Idaho) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

40

Qualified Small Business Job Creation Tax Credit (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Qualified Small Business Job Creation Tax Credit provides tax incentives for Connecticut based-businesses with less than 50 employees. The tax credit is equal to $200 per month for each new...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Year of Peak Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When world conventional oil production will peak is, of course, the bottom-line question. It has already peaked in the United States, in 1970.

42

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Title Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Publication Type Policy Brief Authors Zimring, Mark Secondary Title Clean Energy Program Policy Brief Publisher LBNL Place Published Berkeley Year of Publication 2011 Pagination 7 Date Published 06/2011 Abstract Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized debt instruments that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer issuers very attractive borrowing rates and long terms, and can fund low-interest energy efficiency loans for home and commercial property owners. Saint Louis County, MO recently issued over $10 million of QECBs to finance the Saint Louis County SAVES residential energy efficiency loan program. The county's experience negotiating QECB regulations and restrictions can inform future issuers.

43

January 10, 2012, Qualifying Official Training Slides - Sandia Site Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Patty Wagner Manager Manager SSO TQP QO Training Revision 5, January 10, 2012 1 Overview Overview * Why are you here? Why are you here? * What are your duties? L L d * Lessons Learned * What are my expectations? * Summary SSO TQP QO Training Revision 5, January 10, 2012 2 Why are you here? Why are you here? * The Site Office Manager will assign qualifying g g q y g officials to sign TQP or site-specific qualification cards to verify that the TQP candidate possesses the required level of knowledge or skills (DOE O the required level of knowledge or skills. (DOE O 426.1, Sec 5.b.(5)) * SSO TQP Procedure, Section 5.6.1, Qualifying , , y g Officials complete training provided by SSO Manager The rigor of any qualification program relies on the * The rigor of any qualification program relies on the integrity, knowledge, and skills of the qualifying

44

Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Maximum Rebate $30 million Program Info Funding Source The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Start Date 02/17/2009 Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support

45

Molecular Biosciences Qualifier Guidelines 2011-2011 The Molecular Biosciences cluster administers the qualifying examination in two formats: 1) A proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Biosciences Qualifier Guidelines 2011- 2011 The Molecular Biosciences cluster administers schedule. The purpose of the Molecular Biosciences Qualifier is to prepare students for writing of a grant future career in science, and the Molecular Biosciences qualifier will give you a mentored opportunity

Jiang, Wen

46

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubicPods to the roads themselves) · we're not "addicted to oil" -- that's like saying a person has an "addiction

Sereno, Martin

47

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Predicted (2006) Discovery, Production FSU (former Soviet Union) history Soviet Union collapse 80's oil pricePeak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubic

Sereno, Martin

48

Texas Nuclear Profile - Comanche Peak  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Comanche Peak" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

49

Peak oil: diverging discursive pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Peak oil is the claimed moment in time when global oil production reaches its maximum rate and henceforth forever declines. It is highly controversial as (more)

Doctor, Jeff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Peaks in Raindrop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multipeak behavior of raindrop size distributions has been studied. Peaks have been found for distinct drop diameters: 0.7, 1.0, 1.9, and possibly 3.2 mm. The probability is about 65% that at least one of these peaks exists in an observed ...

M. Steiner; A. Waldvogel

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Department of Energy's Qualified List of Energy Service Companies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S QUALIFIED LIST OF ENERGY SERVICE COMPANIES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S QUALIFIED LIST OF ENERGY SERVICE COMPANIES November 2013 1 Abengoa Solar Inc. Mr E. Kenneth May Chief Technology Officer 11500 West 13 th Ave Lakewood, CO 80215 P: 303-928-8500 F: 303-928-8510 E-mail: ken.may@solar.abengoa.com Web site: www.abengoasolar.com ABM Industries Michael W. Bartlett Director, Federal Energy Suite 650 1725 Duke Street Alexandria, VA 22314 P: 612-581-8230 F: 703-739-1150 E-mail: Michael.bartlett@abm.com Web site: www.abm.com ADI Energy Mr John Rizzo President 2348 Post Road Warwick, RI 02886 P: 401-524-5334 F: 206-666-2163 E-mail: jrizzo@adienergy.com Web site: www.ADIEnergy.com Advanced Energy Systems, Inc. Mr Jim Quan President / CEO 1416 Broadway St Ste C Fresno, CA 93721 P: 559-237-1044

52

FTCP FAQ Standards Qualifying Officials List - Savannah River Operations Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SR TQP Functional Area Qualifying Officials SR TQP Functional Area Qualifying Officials Functional Area Name Phone Organization Chemical Processing Pat Suggs 803-208-2908 AMWDP I Ci vi] Structural Engineering Mike Dholakia 803-208-1228 AMWDP Brent Gutierrez 803-208-2969 AMWDP I Construction Management Robert Baker 803-644-3711 AMWDP William Huxford 803-952-4281 NNSA Criticality Safety Glenn Christenbury 803-208-3737 NNSA Norm Shepard 803-208-3618 AMNMSP Deactivation and Decommissioning Angelia Adams 803-952-8593 AMCP Helen Belencan 803-952-8696 AMCP Electrical Systems Fred Brown 803-208-2529 AMWDP Michael Mikolanis 803-208-1223 AMWDP Marc Woodworth 803-208-3966 AMNMSP Emergency Management Cindy Brizes 803-952-4290 NNSA Howard Burgess 803-952-5538 OS SES Environmental Compliance ·A very Hammett 803-952-7805 AMCP

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Qualified Plug-In Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section...

54

Black Peak and Enchantments - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black Peak, North Cascades. A nice two day outing. We hiked on the Maple Pass trail, from Hwy. 20, to Heather Pass, and then on a path to Lewis lake, where...

55

Qualifying RPS Market States (Saskatchewan, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saskatchewan, Canada) Saskatchewan, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Saskatchewan, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Saskatchewan Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Saskatchewan, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

56

Identifying and Indoctrinating Qualifying Officials - Nevada Site Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IDENTIFYING AND INDOCTRINATING QUALIFYING OFFICIALS (QO) QOs verify and certify Technical Qualification Program (TQP) participant qualifications. QOs are identified and indoctrinated as follows: QO IDENTIFICATION AND INDOCTRINATION PROCESS STEPS Process Steps/Work Instructions Step Who Does It What Happens 1 Designating Supervisor/Federal Technical Capability (FTC) Agent/TQP Manager NOMINATE an individual to serve as a QO. CONSIDER the nominee's technical and personal skills, knowledge, experience, and past performance, and ability to evaluate a TQP participant's attainment or equivalency of assigned competencies. 2 QO Nominee COMPLETE assigned QO orientation training and the expectations briefing with the FTC Agent. NOTE: The QO orientation training is provided by the

57

Qualifying RPS Market States (Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada) Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Newfoundland and Labrador Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be

58

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida) Florida) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Florida as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the

59

Off peak ice storage generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Due to the high costs associated with peak demand charges imposed by most electrical companies today, various means of shifting the peak HVAC load have been identified by the industry. This paper discusses the results of a study based upon a building site located in the high desert of the southwestern United States that evaluated ice storage as a mechanism of operating cost reductions. The discussion addresses both the seasonal and the annual cost and energy impacts of an ice storage system when used in place of an air-to-air heat pump system.

Davis, R.E.; Cerbo, F.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Statistically qualified neuro-analytic failure detection method and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for monitoring a process involve development and application of a statistically qualified neuro-analytic (SQNA) model to accurately and reliably identify process change. The development of the SQNA model is accomplished in two stages: deterministic model adaption and stochastic model modification of the deterministic model adaptation. Deterministic model adaption involves formulating an analytic model of the process representing known process characteristics, augmenting the analytic model with a neural network that captures unknown process characteristics, and training the resulting neuro-analytic model by adjusting the neural network weights according to a unique scaled equation error minimization technique. Stochastic model modification involves qualifying any remaining uncertainty in the trained neuro-analytic model by formulating a likelihood function, given an error propagation equation, for computing the probability that the neuro-analytic model generates measured process output. Preferably, the developed SQNA model is validated using known sequential probability ratio tests and applied to the process as an on-line monitoring system. Illustrative of the method and apparatus, the method is applied to a peristaltic pump system.

Vilim, Richard B. (Aurora, IL); Garcia, Humberto E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Chen, Frederick W. (Naperville, IL)

2002-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

CRC handbook of chromatography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book provides technology for routine analysis or developing new methods of chromatography or organic materials. In this book Section 1 presents the principles, techniques, quantitative determinations and detection methods used in chromatographic analysis. In the major part of the book, Section 2 summarizes data in voluminous tabular/graphic form on paper, thin layer, liquid and gas chromatography. Section 3 lists important books on electrophoreses, gel permeation chromatography, and ion exchange, in addition to the other forms of chromatography.

Qureshi, M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Peaks, Plans and (Persnickety) Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation provides information about EIA's estimates of working gas peak storage capacity, and the development of the natural gas storage industry. Natural gas shale and the need for high deliverability storage are identified as key drivers in natural gas storage capacity development. The presentation also provides estimates of planned storage facilities through 2012.

Information Center

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

63

METHOD OF PEAK CURRENT MEASUREMENT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The measurement and recording of peak electrical currents are described, and a method for utilizing the magnetic field of the current to erase a portion of an alternating constant frequency and amplitude signal from a magnetic mediums such as a magnetic tapes is presented. A portion of the flux from the current carrying conductor is concentrated into a magnetic path of defined area on the tape. After the current has been recorded, the tape is played back. The amplitude of the signal from the portion of the tape immediately adjacent the defined flux area and the amplitude of the signal from the portion of the tape within the area are compared with the amplitude of the signal from an unerased portion of the tape to determine the percentage of signal erasure, and thereby obtain the peak value of currents flowing in the conductor.

Baker, G.E.

1959-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

64

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kansas) Kansas) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Kansas as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

65

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New York) New York) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New York) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in New York as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

66

Qualifying RPS Market States (Nova Scotia, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Nova Scotia, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nova Scotia Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Nova Scotia, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

67

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illinois) Illinois) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Illinois as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic

68

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maine) Maine) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Maine) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Maine as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

69

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indiana) Indiana) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Indiana as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic

70

Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Prince Edward Island Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an

71

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oklahoma) Oklahoma) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Oklahoma as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

72

ENERGY STAR Qualified Room Air Conditioners | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Room Air Conditioners Room Air Conditioners Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data ENERGY STAR Qualified Room Air Conditioners Dataset Summary Description Room Air Conditioners that have earned the ENERGY STAR are more efficient than standard models. ENERGY STAR is the trusted symbol for energy efficiency helping consumers save money and protect the environment through energy-efficient products and practices. More information on ENERGY STAR is available at www.energystar.gov. Tags {"Room Air Conditioners","Energy Star",products,"energy efficiency",efficient,"greenhouse gas emissions",climate,utility,utilities,household,savings,labels,partners,certification}

73

Qualifying RPS Market States (Quebec, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quebec, Canada) Quebec, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Quebec, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Quebec Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Quebec, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

74

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Dakota) North Dakota) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in North Dakota as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

75

Qualifying RPS Market States (Manitoba, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manitoba, Canada) Manitoba, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Manitoba, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Manitoba Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Manitoba, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

76

Qualifying Officials Designation Letter - Savannah River Operations Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOEP IUUI DOEP IUUI United States Government Department of Energy (DOE) memorandum Savannah River Operations Office (SR) DATE: REPLY TO ATTN OF: SUBJECT: NOV 3 o 2010 MGR (Moody, 2-9468) Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Qualifying Officials (QO) ro: DISTRIBUTION Each employee whose name appears on the attached listings is designated as a TQP QO. You were chosen by your supervisor because you have demonstrated an in-depth level of knowledge and abilities in the functional area or functional competency for which you are designated. As a designated TQP QO, you play a significant role in the qualification process of TQP participants and have a grave responsibility for maintaining the intent and integrity of the program. Your signature on the qualification record validates the

77

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (District of Columbia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

District of Columbia) District of Columbia) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in District of Columbia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state

78

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island) Rhode Island) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Rhode Island as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

79

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Delaware) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delaware) Delaware) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Delaware) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Delaware as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

80

ENERGY STAR Qualified Commercial Clothes Washers | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Clothes Washers Commercial Clothes Washers Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data ENERGY STAR Qualified Commercial Clothes Washers Dataset Summary Description Tags Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Resource Type Metadata Date Responsible Party Contact Email State Access Constraints Bbox East Long Bbox North Lat Bbox South Lat Bbox West Long Coupled Resource Reference Date(s) Frequency Of Update Guid Licence Metadata Language Provider Spatial Spatial Data Service Type Spatial Reference System Temporal Coverage From Temporal Coverage To Download Information XML Used by automated programs capable of handling raw XML files.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Hampshire) New Hampshire) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Hampshire) < Back Eligibility Developer Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in New Hampshire as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state

82

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connecticut) Connecticut) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Connecticut as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

83

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama) Alabama) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Alabama as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

84

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Massachusetts) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massachusetts) Massachusetts) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Massachusetts as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

85

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kentucky) Kentucky) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Kentucky as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

86

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virginia) Virginia) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Virginia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

87

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (North Carolina) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carolina) Carolina) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in North Carolina as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

88

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jersey) Jersey) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in New Jersey as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

89

Qualifying RPS Market States (Ontario, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ontario, Canada) Ontario, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Ontario, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ontario Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Ontario, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

90

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Mexico) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Mexico) New Mexico) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (New Mexico) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in New Mexico as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

91

ENERGY STAR Qualified Gas Furnaces | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Furnaces Gas Furnaces Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data ENERGY STAR Qualified Gas Furnaces Dataset Summary Description Gas Furnaces that have earned the ENERGY STAR are more efficient than standard models. ENERGY STAR is the trusted symbol for energy efficiency helping consumers save money and protect the environment through energy-efficient products and practices. More information on ENERGY STAR is available at www.energystar.gov. Tags {Furnaces,"Energy Star",products,"energy efficiency",efficient,"greenhouse gas emissions",climate,utility,utilities,household,savings,labels,partners,certification} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility

92

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia) Georgia) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Georgia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

93

Qualifying Officials Designation Form - Savannah River Operations Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SR 359 (Rev 1.0-2011) SR 359 (Rev 1.0-2011) SRM 300.1-1 C11ap1er 6. Sectiai 6.1 Request to Add/Remove TQP Qualifying Official (QO) Designation QO or Candidate (Print Name) Requesting Supervisor (Print Name) Supervisor (Signature) !control Number OHCM- I Date 0 Add the following QO designation(s) 0 Remove the following QO designation(s) Functional Area Print "ALL" or List Applicable Competencies 1 2 3 4 - I 5 --~-+ 6 7 8 9 10 Addition or Removal of the QO Designation is based on the following event, qualification, training or expertise: (Attach additional sheets if required) Comments r" 11..1"\ '-'-··--· '"''·-- \t ""' "alllt:/ r" lvl"\ l"11\jll01UIC/ ua1e AM/OD Approval (Print Name) AM/OD (Signature) Date

94

Qualifying RPS Market States (New Brunswick, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Brunswick, Canada) New Brunswick, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (New Brunswick, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in New Brunswick, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of

95

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vermont) Vermont) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Vermont as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

96

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iowa) Iowa) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Iowa as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

97

Evaluation of concurrent peak responses  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with the problem of combining two or more concurrent responses which are induced by dynamic loads acting on nuclear power plant structures. Specifically, the acceptability of using the square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS) value of peak values as the combined response is investigated. Emphasis is placed on the establishment of a simplified criterion that is convenient and relatively easy to use by design engineers.

Wang, P.C.; Curreri, J.; Reich, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Peak shaving through resource buffering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We introduce and solve a new problem inspired by energy pricing schemes in which a client is billed for peak usage. At each timeslot the system meets an energy demand through a combination of a new request, an unreliable amount of free source energy (e.g. solar or wind power), and previously received energy. The added piece of infrastructure is the battery, which can store surplus energy for future use. More generally, the demands could represent required amounts of energy, water, or any other tenable resource which can be obtained in advance and held until needed. In a feasible solution, each demand must be supplied on time, through a combination of newly requested energy, energy withdrawn from the battery, and free source. The goal is to minimize the maximum request. In the online version of this problem, the algorithm must determine each request without knowledge of future demands or free source availability, with the goal of maximizing the amount by which the peak is reduced. We give efficient optimal algorithms for the offline problem, with and without a bounded battery. We also show how to find the optimal offline battery size, given the requirement that the final battery level equals the initial battery level. Finally, we give efficient Hn-competitive algorithms assuming the peak effective demand is revealed in advance, and provide matching lower bounds. 1

Amotz Bar-noy; Matthew P. Johnson; Ou Liu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Definition: Variable Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing (VPP) is a hybrid of time-of-use and real-time pricing where the different periods for pricing are defined in advance (e.g., on-peak=6 hours for summer weekday afternoon; off-peak= all other hours in the summer months), but the price established for the on-peak period varies by utility and market conditions.[1] Related Terms real-time pricing References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/variable_peak_pricing [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Variable_Peak_Pricing&oldid=50262

100

SnowPeak Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it. SnowPeak Energy is a company located in Reno, Nevada . References "SnowPeak Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSnowPeakEnergy&oldid35121...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use Title Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5736E Year of Publication...

102

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Peak Oil Food Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Food Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilFoodNetwork. References Peak Oil Food Network[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Peak Oil Food Network is a networking organization located in Crested Butte, Colorado, and is open to the general public that seeks to promote the creation of solutions to the challenge of food production impacted by the peak phase of global oil production. Private citizens are encouraged to join and contribute by adding comments, writing blog posts or adding to discussions about food and oil related topics. Peak Oil Food Network can be followed on Twitter at: http://www.Twitter.com/PeakOilFoodNtwk Peak Oil Food Network on Twitter

104

STAFF FORECAST OF 2007 PEAK STAFFREPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST OF 2007 PEAK DEMAND STAFFREPORT June 2006 CEC-400.................................................................................. 9 Sources of Forecast Error....................................................................... .................11 Tables Table 1: Revised versus September 2005 Peak Demand Forecast ......................... 2

105

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Peak Working Natural Gas Capacity. Data and Analysis from the Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

106

Determination of Hydrogen Peak Temperatures and Trapping ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Determination of Hydrogen Peak Temperatures and Trapping Energies of Various Lattice Defects In Iron Using Thermal Desorption...

107

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% property tax exemption; payment in lieu of tax required Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal

108

Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnerSim version 9.02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tax Deduction Qualified Software EnerSim version 9.02 On this page you'll find information about the EnerSim version 9.02 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 16 December 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Southern Company Services 241 Ralph McGill Boulevard Atlanta, Georgia 30308 (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to

109

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 4.0.0.024  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tax Deduction Qualified Software EnergyPlus version 4.0.0.024 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 4.0.0.024 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 22 October 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW

110

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal property taxes and real property taxes*. Before passage of S.B. 232, a renewable energy facility in Ohio that sold electricity to a third-party

111

Definition: On-Peak | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: On-Peak Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png On-Peak Those hours or other periods defined by NAESB business practices, contract, agreements, or guides as periods of higher electrical demand.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Also Known As peak load Related Terms demand, peak demand References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards Temp Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. late:ISGANAttributionsmart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:On-Peak&oldid=502536"

112

Mt Peak Utility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Utility Peak Utility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mt Peak Utility Facility Mt Peak Utility Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Mnt Peak Utility Energy Purchaser Mnt Peak Utility Location Midlothian TX Coordinates 32.42144978°, -97.02427357° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.42144978,"lon":-97.02427357,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

Optimization of Demand Response Through Peak Shaving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 5, 2013 ... Optimization of Demand Response Through Peak Shaving. G. Zakeri(g.zakeri *** at*** auckland.ac.nz) D. Craigie(David.Craigie ***at***...

114

A distributed approach to taming peak demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant portion of all energy capacity is wasted in over-provisioning to meet peak demand. The current state-of-the-art in reducing peak demand requires central authorities to limit device usage directly, and are generally reactive. We apply techniques ...

Michael Sabolish; Ahmed Amer; Thomas M. Kroeger

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

FINAL STAFF FORECAST OF 2008 PEAK DEMAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION FINAL STAFF FORECAST OF 2008 PEAK DEMAND STAFFREPORT June 2007 CEC-200 of the information in this paper. #12;Abstract This document describes staff's final forecast of 2008 peak demand demand forecasts for the respective territories of the state's three investor-owned utilities (IOUs

116

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Operated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility for the U.S. Department of Energy, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) begins its inaugural deployment November 2010 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment, or STORMVEX. For six months, the comprehensive suite of AMF2 instruments will obtain measurements of cloud and aerosol properties at various sites below the heavily instrumented Storm Peak Lab, located on Mount Werner at an elevation of 3220 meters. The correlative data sets that will be created from AMF2 and Storm Peak Lab will equate to between 200 and 300 in situ aircraft flight hours in liquid, mixed phase, and precipitating

117

Definition: Peak Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Demand Peak Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Peak Demand The highest hourly integrated Net Energy For Load within a Balancing Authority Area occurring within a given period (e.g., day, month, season, or year)., The highest instantaneous demand within the Balancing Authority Area.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Related Terms Balancing Authority Area, energy, demand, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from

118

The Boson peak in supercooled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform extensive molecular dynamics simulations of the TIP4P/2005 model of water to investigate the origin of the Boson peak reported in experiments on supercooled water in nanoconfined pores, and in hydration water around proteins. We find that the onset of the Boson peak in supercooled bulk water coincides with the crossover to a predominantly low-density-like liquid below the Widom line $T_W$. The frequency and onset temperature of the Boson peak in our simulations of bulk water agree well with the results from experiments on nanoconfined water. Our results suggest that the Boson peak in water is not an exclusive effect of confinement. We further find that, similar to other glass-forming liquids, the vibrational modes corresponding to the Boson peak are spatially extended and are related to transverse phonons found in the parent crystal, here ice Ih.

Pradeep Kumar; K. Thor Wikfeldt; Daniel Schlesinger; Lars G. M. Pettersson; H. E. Stanley

2013-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

119

GRR/Section 7-FD-c - PURPA Qualifying Facility Certification Process | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7-FD-c - PURPA Qualifying Facility Certification Process 7-FD-c - PURPA Qualifying Facility Certification Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-FD-c - PURPA Qualifying Facility Certification Process 07FDCPURPAQualifyingFacilityCertificationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Regulations & Policies Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act 18 CFR 292 18 CFR 131.80 18 CFR 381 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07FDCPURPAQualifyingFacilityCertificationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative

120

Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR® Label Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR® Label December 19, 2005 - 4:49pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced tougher standards for clothes washers to qualify for the ENERGY STAR® label, which lets American families identify which clothes washers save the most energy and use the least water. The new standards take effect January 1, 2007, and will increase the efficiency of new clothes washers up to 37 percent. The more energy-efficient clothes washers will have the potential to save up to $70 million in energy bills and 8.9 billion gallons of water each year. "With these tougher ENERGY STAR® standards, families will be able to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Automated Demand Response for Critical Peak Pricing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Demand Response for Critical Peak Pricing Speaker(s): Naoya Motegi Date: June 9, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 California utilities have been exploring the use of...

122

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Note: 1) 'Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity' is the sum of the highest storage inventory level of working gas observed in each facility over the prior 5-year period as...

123

Peak Load Shifting by Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) reviews the technology of storing energy in hot water and explores the potential for implementing this form of thermal energy storagethrough means of smart electric water heatersas a way to shift peak load on the electric grid. The report presents conceptual background, discusses strategies for peak load shifting and demand response, documents a series of laboratory tests conducted on a representative model of smart water heater, and...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

124

Measured Peak Equipment Loads in Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

This technical bulletin documents measured peak equipment load data from 39 laboratory spaces in nine buildings across five institutions. The purpose of these measurements was to obtain data on the actual peak loads in laboratories, which can be used to rightsize the design of HVAC systems in new laboratories. While any given laboratory may have unique loads and other design considerations, these results may be used as a 'sanity check' for design assumptions.

Mathew, Paul A.

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

125

Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak- Demand Mitigation NicholasDispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation Nicholasdetermine whether the peak demand on the substation feeder

DeForest, Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Qualified Analysis b/w ESB(s) Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research study stress upon the qualified or comparative analysis between commercial and non-commercial Enterprise Service Buses (ESB) for large-scale organizations. We have used Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) method known as Analytical ... Keywords: Software engineering, Service Oriented Architectures (SOA), Enterprise Service Bus (ESB), MCDA, AHP, Information Security (IS), Interoperability, High availability, C4I

Zeeshan Siddiqui; Abdul Hanan Abdullah; Muhammad Khurram Khan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology Methodology Methodology Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity Estimates: Estimates are based on aggregation of the noncoincident peak levels of working gas inventories at individual storage fields as reported monthly over a 60-month period ending in April 2010 on Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage Report." The months of measurement for the peak storage volumes by facilities may differ; i.e., the months do not necessarily coincide. As such, the noncoincident peak for any region is at least as big as any monthly volume in the historical record. Data from Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Natural Gas Underground Storage Report," are collected from storage operators on a field-level basis. Operators can report field-level data either on a per reservoir basis or on an aggregated reservoir basis. It is possible that if all operators reported on a per reservoir basis that the demonstrated peak working gas capacity would be larger. Additionally, these data reflect inventory levels as of the last day of the report month, and a facility may have reached a higher inventory on a different day of the report month, which would not be recorded on Form EIA-191M.

128

Pilot Peak Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Pilot Peak Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 38.342266666667°, -118.10361111111° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.342266666667,"lon":-118.10361111111,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

129

Peak Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Definitions Definitions Definitions Since 2006, EIA has reported two measures of aggregate capacity, one based on demonstrated peak working gas storage, the other on working gas design capacity. Demonstrated Peak Working Gas Capacity: This measure sums the highest storage inventory level of working gas observed in each facility over the 5-year range from May 2005 to April 2010, as reported by the operator on the Form EIA-191M, "Monthly Underground Gas Storage Report." This data-driven estimate reflects actual operator experience. However, the timing for peaks for different fields need not coincide. Also, actual available maximum capacity for any storage facility may exceed its reported maximum storage level over the last 5 years, and is virtually certain to do so in the case of newly commissioned or expanded facilities. Therefore, this measure provides a conservative indicator of capacity that may understate the amount that can actually be stored.

130

Silver Peak Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Project Silver Peak Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Silver Peak Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 37.755°, -117.63472222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.755,"lon":-117.63472222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

Silver Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Area Silver Peak Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Silver Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (5) 9 Exploration Activities (26) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.746167220142,"lon":-117.60267734528,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Multiple Attractor in Newton -Leipnik System, Peak to Peak dynamics and Chaos Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chaotic properties of Newton-Leipnik system are discussed from the view point of strange attractors. Previously, two strange attractors of this system were illustrated which occured from two different initial conditions under the same parameter condition. It is found that above system also exhibits multiple attractors under different parameter values but same initial condition and we have shown the existence of three other strange attractors with varying dimensionality under different parametric conditions. The properties of these attractors are then analyzed on the basis of Lyapunov exponents, power spectra, recurrence analysis and peak-to-peak dynamics. The peak-to-peak dynamics relies on the low dimensionality of the chaotic attractor and allows to approximately model the system. Peak-to-peak plot along with return-time plot are then effectively used to solve the optimal control problem of the system which reverts the system to a periodic situation.

Biswambhar Rakshit; Papri Saha; A. Roy Chowdhury

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

134

Vad r Peak Oil och existerar det?; What is Peak Oil and does it exist?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study is the reports of Peak Oil in Swedish newspapers. In otherwords, how do the news portray or describe the (more)

Wlimaa, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (Redirected from Desert Peak Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Desert Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (3) 9 Exploration Activities (8) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.75,"lon":-118.95,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

136

GeoPeak Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeoPeak Energy GeoPeak Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GeoPeak Energy Name GeoPeak Energy Address 285 Davidson Avenue Place Somerset, New Jersey Zip 08873 Sector Solar Product Residential and Commercial PV Solar Installations Number of employees 11-50 Company Type For Profit Phone number 732-377-3700 Website http://www.geopeakenergy.com Coordinates 40.5326723°, -74.5284554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5326723,"lon":-74.5284554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

137

Silver Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Geothermal Area Silver Peak Geothermal Area (Redirected from Silver Peak Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Silver Peak Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (5) 9 Exploration Activities (26) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.746167220142,"lon":-117.60267734528,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

138

Wave ModelingMissing the Peaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper analyzes the capability of the present wave models of properly reproducing the conditions during and at the peak of severe and extreme storms. After providing evidence that this is often not the case, the reasons for it are explored. ...

Luigi Cavaleri

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Inevitable Peaking of World Oil Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The era of plentiful, low-cost petroleum is approaching an end. ? Without massive mitigation the problem will be pervasive and long lasting. Oil peaking represents a liquid fuels problem, not an energy crisis. ? Governments will have to take the initiative on a timely basis. ? In every crisis, there are always opportunities for those that act decisively.

Robert L. Hirsch

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tas version 9.2.1.5  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 On this page you'll find information about the Tas version 9.2.1.5 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 19 February 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Environmental Design Solutions Ltd. 13-14 Cofferidge Close Stony Stratford Milton Keynes Buckinghamshire MK11 1BY http://www.edsl.net (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6.0.0.023 6.0.0.023 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 29 October 2010 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

142

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 7.2.0.006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2.0.006 2.0.006 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 7.2.0.006 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 6 November 2012 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

143

Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 3.0.0.028  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3.0.0.028 3.0.0.028 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 3.0.0.028 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 15 January 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

144

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 1.3.0.018  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3.0.018 3.0.018 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 1.3.0.018 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 23 June 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 www.energyplus.gov (2) The name, email address, and telephone number

145

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.40  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.40.0.61 Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.40.0.61 On this page you'll find information about the HAP version 4.40.0.61 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 10 April 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Carrier / United Technologies Corporation Carrier Software Systems Bldg TR-4, Room 400A P. O. Box 4808 Syracuse, New York 13221

146

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 On this page you'll find information about the Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 19 September 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Green Building Studio, Inc. 444 Tenth Street, Suite 300 Santa Rosa, California 95401 www.greenbuildingstudio.com (2) The name, email address, and

147

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.31  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 On this page you'll find information about the Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.31 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 17 August 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Carrier / United Technologies Corporation Carrier Software Systems Bldg TR-4, Room 400A P. O. Box 4808 Syracuse, New York 13221 (2) The name, email address, and

148

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.34  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 On this page you'll find information about the Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.34 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 10 August 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Carrier / United Technologies Corporation Carrier Software Systems Bldg TR-4, Room 400A P. O. Box 4808 Syracuse, New York 13221 (2) The name, email address, and

149

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyGauge Summit version 3.13  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.13 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 23 November 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, Florida 39922 www.energygauge.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

150

Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.4 Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.4 On this page you'll find information about the Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.4 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 16 October 2008 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Autodesk, Inc. 444 Tenth Street, Suite 300 Santa Rosa, California 95401 http://www.autodesk.com

151

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyGauge Summit version 3.11  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.11 (incorporating DOE-2.1E version 120) qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 6 August 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, Florida 39922 www.energygauge.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone

152

Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 3.1.0.027  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergyPlus version 3.1.0.027 EnergyPlus version 3.1.0.027 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 3.1.0.027 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 8 May 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

153

Tax Deduction Qualified Software TRACE 700 version 6.3.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3.0 3.0 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.3.0 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 11 September 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Trane 3600 Pammel Creek Road La Crosse, WI 54601 http://www.trane.com/trace (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for

154

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyGauge Summit version 3.14  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.14 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 21 December 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, Florida 39922 www.energygauge.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

155

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - DOE-21.E version 119  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E version 119 E version 119 On this page you'll find information about the DOE-21.E version 119 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 2 July 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Software developed by LBNL. Software tested and documentation submitted by The Weidt Group 5800 Baker Road Minnetonka, MN 55345 (2) The name, email address, and telephone number

156

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 2.2.0.023  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2.2.0.023 2.2.0.023 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 2.2.0.023 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 12 June 2008 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

157

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1.0.023 1.0.023 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 7 December 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 www.energyplus.gov (2) The name, email address, and telephone number

158

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008 EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 28 May 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121

159

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 On this page you'll find information about the VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 11 September 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Architectural Energy Corporation 2540 Frontier Avenue, Suite 201 Boulder, Colorado 80301 (2) The name, email address, and telephone

160

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5.0.0.031 5.0.0.031 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 06 June 2010 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - TRACE 700 version 6.1.2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.1.2 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 9 November 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; TRANE, A Division of American Standard 3600 Pammel Creek Road LaCrosse, Wisconsin 54601 www.tranecds.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

162

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 7.1.0.012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1.0.012 1.0.012 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 7.1.0.012 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 25 June 2012 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 http://www.energyplus.gov

163

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tas version 9.2.1.6  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 On this page you'll find information about the Tas version 9.2.1.6 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 30 July 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Environmental Design Solutions Ltd. 13-14 Cofferidge Close Stony Stratford Milton Keynes Buckinghamshire MK11 1BY http://www.edsl.net (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the

164

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnerSim version 07.11.30  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnerSim version 07.11.30 EnerSim version 07.11.30 On this page you'll find information about the EnerSim version 07.11.30 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 6 December 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Southern Company Services 241 Ralph McGill Boulevard Atlanta, Georgia 30308 (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

165

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - DOE-21.E-JJH version 130  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E-JJH version 130 E-JJH version 130 On this page you'll find information about the DOE-2.1E-JJH version 130 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 5 November 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Software developed by LBNL and Hirsch & Associates. Software tested and documentation submitted by The Weidt Group 5800 Baker Road Minnetonka, MN 55345

166

Statistically Qualified Neuro-Analytic system and Method for Process Monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for monitoring a process involves development and application of a statistically qualified neuro-analytic (SQNA) model to accurately and reliably identify process change. The development of the SQNA model is accomplished in two steps: deterministic model adaption and stochastic model adaptation. Deterministic model adaption involves formulating an analytic model of the process representing known process characteristics,augmenting the analytic model with a neural network that captures unknown process characteristics, and training the resulting neuro-analytic model by adjusting the neural network weights according to a unique scaled equation emor minimization technique. Stochastic model adaptation involves qualifying any remaining uncertainty in the trained neuro-analytic model by formulating a likelihood function, given an error propagation equation, for computing the probability that the neuro-analytic model generates measured process output. Preferably, the developed SQNA model is validated using known sequential probability ratio tests and applied to the process as an on-line monitoring system.

Vilim, Richard B.; Garcia, Humberto E.; Chen, Frederick W.

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

167

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 2.0.0.025  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.0.025 0.0.025 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 2.0.0.025 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 2 May 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 www.energyplus.gov (2) The name, email address, and telephone number

168

Tax Deduction Qualified Software: Trace 700 version 6.2.10  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2.10 2.10 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.2.10 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 11 March 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Trane 3600 Pammel Creek Road La Crosse, WI 54601 http://www.trane.com/trace (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for

169

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - TRACE 700 version 6.1.0.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.0 0.0 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.1.0.0 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 18 December 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; TRANE, A Division of American Standard 3600 Pammel Creek Road LaCrosse, Wisconsin 54601 www.tranecds.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

170

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - TRACE 700 version 6.1.1.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1.0 1.0 On this page you'll find information about the TRACE 700 version 6.1.1.0 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 26 June 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; TRANE, A Division of American Standard 3600 Pammel Creek Road LaCrosse, Wisconsin 54601 www.tranecds.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to

171

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 1.4.0.025  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4.0.025 4.0.025 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyPlus version 1.4.0.025 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 1 November 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; U. S. Department of Energy EE-2J, Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 www.energyplus.gov (2) The name, email address, and telephone number

172

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.41  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.41.0.6 Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.41.0.6 On this page you'll find information about the HAP version 4.41.0.6 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 10 April 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Carrier / United Technologies Corporation Carrier Software Systems Bldg TR-4, Room 400A P. O. Box 4808 Syracuse, New York 13221

173

Low-Voltage Environmentally-Qualified Cable License Renewal Industry Report -- Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low-voltage environmentally-qualified cable components have been evaluated relative to the effects of age-related degradation mechanisms; the capability of current design limits, inservice examination, testing, repair, refurbishment, and other programs to manage these effects; and the assurance that these cable components can continue to perform their intended safety functions in the license renewal term. This industry report (IR), one of a series of ten, provides a generic technical basis for evaluation...

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Definition: Critical Peak Rebates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rebates Rebates Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Rebates When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during pre-specified time periods (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. summer weekday afternoons), the price for electricity during these time periods remains the same but the customer is refunded at a single, predetermined value for any reduction in consumption relative to what the utility deemed the customer was expected to consume.[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_rebates [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]]

175

Peak Oil Awareness Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Awareness Network Awareness Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Oil Awareness Network Place Crested Butte, Colorado Zip 81224 Website http://www.PeakOilAwarenessNet Coordinates 38.8697146°, -106.9878231° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8697146,"lon":-106.9878231,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Definition: Critical Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pricing Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Pricing When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during a specified time period (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. on a hot summer weekday), the price for electricity during these time periods is substantially raised. Two variants of this type of rate design exist: one where the time and duration of the price increase are predetermined when events are called and another where the time and duration of the price increase may vary based on the electric grid's need to have loads reduced;[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_pricing Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike

177

Peak power tracking for a solar buck charger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis discusses the design, implementation, and testing of a buck converter with peak power tracking. The peak power tracker uses a perturb and observe algorithm to actively track the solar panel's peak power point ...

Cohen, Jeremy Michael, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area (Varekamp & Buseck, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Mercury Vapor At Desert Peak Area...

179

The Year of Peak Production - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When world conventional oil production will peak is, of course, the bottom-line question. It has already peaked in the United States, in 1970.

180

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L.R. Modeling alternative residential peak-load electricitydemand response to residential critical peak pricing (CPP)analysis of California residential customer response to

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Definition: Circuit Peak Load Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Circuit Peak Load Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Circuit Peak Load Management An application utilizing sensors, information processors, communications, and...

182

Estimates of Peak Underground Working Gas Storage Capacity in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Estimates of Peak Underground Working Gas Storage Capacity in the United States, 2009 Update The aggregate peak capacity for U.S. underground natural gas storage is ...

183

Magnetotellurics At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Magnetotellurics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown...

184

Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration...

185

Development Wells At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Development Wells At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity...

186

Ground Magnetics At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity...

187

Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation Title Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation Publication Type Conference Proceedings Refereed Designation Refereed...

188

Peak Sun Silicon Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corp Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Peak Sun Silicon Corp Place Carlsbad, California Zip 92008 Product US-based manufacturer of granular electronic-grade polysilicon for the PV industry. Coordinates 31.60396°, -100.641609° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.60396,"lon":-100.641609,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

189

Peak Population: Timing and Influences of Peak Energy on the World and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak energy is the notion that the worlds total production of usable energy will reach a maximum value and then begin an inexorable decline. Ninety-two percent of the worlds energy is currently derived from the non-renewable sources (oil, coal, natural gas and nuclear). As each of these non-renewable sources individually peaks in production, we can see total energy production peak. The human population is tightly correlated with global energy production, as agriculture and material possessions are energy intensive. It follows that peak energy should have a significant effect on world population. Using a set of mathematical models, including M King Hubberts oil peak mathematics, we prepared three models. The first approached the peak energy and population problem from the point of view of a black-box homogeneous world. The second model divides the world into ten major regions to study the global heterogeneity of the peak energy and population question. Both of these models include various scenarios for how the world population will develop based on available energy and per capita consumption of that energy. The third model examines energy and climate change within the forty-eight contiguous American states in order to identify some of the best and some of the worst states in which to live in the year 2050. The black box model indicates that peak energy will occur in 2026 at a maximum production of 104.1 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE). Total energy production in 2011 was 92.78 BBOE. Three scenarios of different energy consumption rates suggest a peak world population occurring between 2026 and 2036, at 7.6-8.3 billion. The regional model indicates that even as each region protects its own energy resources, most of the world will reach peak energy by 2030, and world populations peak between 7.5 and 9 billion. A certain robustness in our conclusion is warranted as similar numbers were obtained via two separate approaches. The third model used several different parameters in order to ascertain that, in general, states that are projected to slow towards flat-line population growth and to become milder due to climate change such as Rhode Island, New York and Ohio are far more suitable with regard to an energy limited world than states that are projected to grow in population as well as become less mild due to climate change such as Texas, Arizona and Nevada. Each of these models in its own way foreshadows necessary changes that the world will experience as the 21st century progresses. The economies of the world have been, and continue to be, built on energy. When energy production is unable to continue growing it must follow that economies will be unable to grow. As the world approaches and passes peak energy, the standard of living in the less developed areas of the world cannot improve without sacrifices being made in the developed world.

Warner, Kevin 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Last Name First Name DeptID Dept Email Phone NSLS-II Site Access Qualified  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Access Qualified Access Qualified Abel Bruce PSGUEST Photon Sci. Guest bruce_abel@mail.aesys.net Q8095 Auto-Term BNL ESH 5/20/2013 PS ESH 7/2/2012 ESH-740 7/1/2013 GERT 11/26/2012 Abel Donald LSUGUEST LSU GUEST dabel@bnl.gov X9000 Auto-Term BNL ESH 11/5/2012 PS ESH 4/4/2012 ESH-740 1/8/2013 GERT 11/5/2012 Abela Emmanuel PSGUEST Photon Sci. Guest eabela@bnl.gov 344-7150 E8971 Auto-Term BNL ESH 7/9/2008 PS ESH 4/4/2012 ESH-740 5/15/2013 GERT 5/15/2013 Abramowitz Glenn SIUC Union Custodial abramowi@bnl.gov 344-4010 20999 Active BNL ESH 5/16/1994 PS ESH 4/29/2013 ESH-740 3/4/2013 GERT 8/27/2013 Abramowitz Randy LSUGUEST LSU GUEST randy@bnl.gov 344-5464 A0271 Auto-Term BNL ESH 8/9/2012 PS ESH 4/4/2012 ESH-740 8/12/2013 GERT 7/31/2012 Ackerman Andrew PSAB ES&H ackerman@bnl.gov 344-5431 19551 Active BNL ESH 7/27/2012 PS ESH 1/17/2012 ESH-740 5/14/2013

191

Extraction chromatography: Progress and opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Extraction chromatography provides a simple and effective method for the analytical and preparative-scale separation of a variety of metal ions. Recent advances in extractant design, particularly the development of extractants capable of metal ion recognition or of strong complex formation in highly acidic media, have significantly improved the utility of the technique. Advances in support design, most notably the introduction of functionalized supports to enhance metal ion retention, promise to yield further improvements. Column instability remains a significant obstacle, however, to the process-scale application of extraction chromatography. 79 refs.

Dietz, M.L.; Horwitz, E.P.; Bond, A.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Key Words Gas chromatography Liquid chromatography Thermodynamic equilibria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solution and adsorption thermodynamics Gas adsorption isotherms Summary After a brief recall of the chromatographic principles, the different applications of gas chromatographic measurements of thermodynamic equilibria were reviewed. Gas and liquid chromatographies are now well known and elegant methods for measuring the physicochemical properties and phase equilibrium thermodynamic constants. Although fundamentally a dynamical method and mostly known as a powerful separation technique, chromatography can be schematized by a succession of equilibria of a chemical species partitioning between a mobile phase and a fixed liquid or solid stationary phase. It can be operated in either infinite dilution or finite concentration conditions and permits to collect a large number of data for calculating molecular interactions for solutes which are either rare or available at the trace level. Gas chromatography permits the measurement of gas adsorption isotherms, gas-liquid equilibria, molecular diffusion and interaction virials. The modelization of successive partition equilibria occuring in the chromatographic column leads to rather simple expressions of differential enthalpy, entropy, free energy of adsorption or solution, variation of heat capacity, complexation constant, second virial coefficients, gas-solid and gasliquid isotherms and also binary or ternary equilibria. The possibilities of High Performance-Liquid Chromatography to investigate adsorption from solutions and chemical equilibria are also discussed. 1 Present address: D~partement de Chimie, Groupe Masse-Chimie

Cedex France

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The evaluation of Ontario Forge Company as a qualified forging vendor  

SciTech Connect

There has been a long standing need to develop a second source of WR quality forgings for the manufacturing of J-line hardware at RF. With this objective, Ontario Forge Company was recently evaluated to determine if their equipment and skills were compatible with the forging requirements. The results of this evaluation were compared to test results on WR forgings of a similar design produced by Precision Forge Company. The Ontario Forge Company forgings exhibited mechanical properties, grain flow and microstructures equivalent to those of Precision Forge Company. The Ontario Forge Company performance on this contract justifies the qualification of their process for producing non-critical reservoir forgings. Qualifying Ontario Forge Company for critical reservoir forgings is recommended only after sufficient production experience and storage data is acquired.

West, A.J.; Odegard, B.C.

1981-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

SunPeak Solar LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SunPeak Solar LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name SunPeak Solar LLC Place Palm Desert, California Zip 92260 Product US project developer and asset manager, focussing on PV...

195

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usage: The total effective energy charge for usage duringUsage: The total effective energy charge for usage duringtotal effective TOU energy rates through offsetting summer on-peak and part-peak rate credits for usage

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A Multimethod analysis of the Phenomenon of Peak-Oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??El concepto de Peak-Oil (el cnit del petrleo) es complejo y a menudo malentendido. Despus de aclarar que el Peak-Oil es tanto un problema de (more)

Kerschner, Christian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Gas Chromatography Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lab Proficiency Testing provider for Gas Chromatography to determine Fatty Acid Composition and Iodine Value using AOCS methods Ce 1-62 and Cd 1c-85. Gas Chromatography Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program Laboratory Proficiency Program (LPP) aocs appl

198

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Desert Peak Area (Wisian & Blackwell...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Desert Peak Area (Wisian & Blackwell, 2004) Exploration Activity...

199

Scaling distributed energy storage for grid peak reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing peak demand is an important part of ongoing smart grid research efforts. To reduce peak demand, utilities are introducing variable rate electricity prices. Recent efforts have shown how variable rate pricing can incentivize consumers to use ... Keywords: battery, electricity, energy, grid, peak shaving

Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, Ting Zhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

SNAP fuel temperature peaking with cusps in coolant channel  

SciTech Connect

Reactor Fuel Elements--temperature peaking in SNAP due to surrounding rods; systems for nuclear auxiliary power (SNAP)--reactor fuel temperataure peaking due to surrounding fuel rods; temeprature--calculations of peaking of, in SNAP fuel due to sourround fuel rods.

Treuenfels, E. W.

1963-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Distributed Battery Control for Peak Power Shaving in Datacenters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Battery Control for Peak Power Shaving in Datacenters Baris Aksanli and Tajana Rosing to shave peak power demands. Our novel distributed battery control design has no performance impact, reduces the peak power needs, and accurately estimates and maximizes the battery lifetime. We demonstrate

Simunic, Tajana

202

CORRELATION BETWEEN PEAK ENERGY AND PEAK LUMINOSITY IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A correlation between the peak luminosity and the peak energy has been found by Yonetoku et al. as L{sub p} {proportional_to}E{sup 2.0}{sub p,i} for 11 pre-Swift long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In this study, for a greatly expanded sample of 148 long GRBs in the Swift era, we find that the correlation still exists, but most likely with a slightly different power-law index, i.e., L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i}. In addition, we have collected 17 short GRBs with necessary data. We find that the correlation of L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i} also exists for this sample of short events. It is argued that the radiation mechanism of both long and short GRBs should be similar, i.e., of quasi-thermal origin caused by the photosphere, with the dissipation occurring very near the central engine. Some key parameters of the process are constrained. Our results suggest that the radiation processes of both long and short bursts may be dominated by thermal emission, rather than by the single synchrotron radiation. This might put strong physical constraints on the theoretical models.

Zhang, Z. B.; Chen, D. Y. [Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Huang, Y. F., E-mail: sci.zbzhang@gzu.edu.cn, E-mail: hyf@nju.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

203

Using Compressed Air Efficiency Projects to Reduce Peak Industrial Electric Demands: Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"To help customers respond to the wildly fluctuating energy markets in California, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) initiated an emergency electric demand reduction program in October 2000 to cut electric use during peak periods. One component of that wide-ranging program focused on industrial compressed air systems as the target for such electric use reductions. What stands out about the compressed air effort is that customer acceptance of the program was very high (8 out of 10 customer sites implemented at least some of the efficiency projects recommended in the program's air system audits) and overall savings levels were more than 3X the original program goal (550 kW vs. 1730 kW). XENERGY, Inc. designed and carried out the program on behalf of PG&E. Key features of the program included working with compressed air system distributors to identify and qualify good customer leads and post-audit technical assistance to help customer implement recommended projects. This paper reviews the project and outlines some of the lessons learned in completing the project."

Skelton, J.

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

MELT WIRE SENSORS AVAILABLE TO DETERMINE PEAK TEMPERATURES IN ATR IRRADIATION TESTING  

SciTech Connect

In April 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) designated the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) a National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) to advance US leadership in nuclear science and technology. By attracting new users from universities, laboratories, and industry, the ATR will support basic and applied nuclear research and development and help address the nation's energy security needs. In support of this new program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed in-house capabilities to fabricate, test, and qualify new and enhanced temperature sensors for irradiation testing. Although most efforts emphasize sensors capable of providing real-time data, selected tasks have been completed to enhance sensors provided in irradiation locations where instrumentation leads cannot be included, such as drop-in capsule and Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) or 'rabbit' locations. To meet the need for these locations, the INL has developed melt wire temperature sensors for use in ATR irradiation testing. Differential scanning calorimetry and environmental testing of prototypical sensors was used to develop a library of 28 melt wire materials, capable of detecting peak irradiation temperatures ranging from 85 to 1500C. This paper will discuss the development work and present test results.

K. L. Davis; D. Knudson; J. Daw; J. Palmer; J. L. Rempe

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Agronomy Research Assistant Biofuels The Hawaii Agriculture Research Center (HARC) is seeking a qualified applicant to fill a full time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agronomy Research Assistant ­ Biofuels The Hawaii Agriculture Research Center (HARC) is seeking a qualified applicant to fill a full time Research Assistant position to work with biofuel crops to assist in the evaluation of multiple crops of interest to the biofuels research program. The position

Kaye, Jason P.

206

Nuclear qualified in-containment electrical connectors and methods of connecting electrical conductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear qualified in-containment electrical connection comprises an insulated, sheathed instrument lead having electrical conductors extending from one end thereof to provide two exposed lead wires, a watertight cable having electrical conducting wires therein and extending from one end of the cable to provide two lead wires therefrom, two butt splice connectors each connecting the ends of respective ones of the lead wires from the instrument lead and cable, a length of heat shrinkable plastic tubing positioned over each butt splice connector and an adjacent portion of a respective lead wire from the cable and heat shrunk into position, a length of heat shrinkable plastic tubing on the end portion of the instrument lead adjacent the lead wires therefrom and heat shrunk thereon and a length of outer heat shrinkable plastic tubing extending over the end portion of the instrument lead and the heat shrinkable tubing thereon and over the butt splice connectors and a portion of the cable adjacent the cable lead lines, the outer heat shrinkable tubing being heat shrunk into sealing position on the instrument lead and cable.

Powell, J.G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Peak power identification on power bumps during test application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Peak power during test can seriously impact circuit performance as well as the power safety for both CUT and tester. In this paper, we propose a method of layout-aware weighted switching activity identification flow that evaluates peak current/power ... Keywords: CMOS device, peak power identification, power bumps, test application, layout-aware weighted switching activity identification flow, dynamic power model, parasitic capacitance, resistance network, power bus, power delivery path, IR-drop, commercial power sign-off analysis tool

Wei Zhao; M. Tehranipoor

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Sustained Peak Low Cycle Fatigue: The Role of Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth process continued by a combined process of oxidation and creep. ... of a model developed for crack growth during sustained peak low cycle fatigue.

209

Peak-shape functions for Neutron Time of Flight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Draft)-dec. 2003 Introduction A reorganization of the subroutines calculating the peak shape function and derivatives for time of flight neutron powder diffraction has been...

210

Flexible Coal: Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Brochure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the transformation of power systems Flexible Coal Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant The experience cited in this paper is from a generating station with multiple units...

211

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to time-of-day electricity pricing: first empirical results.S. The trouble with electricity markets: understandingresidential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journal

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Gas Flux Sampling At Desert Peak Area (Lechler And Coolbaugh, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

213

Flow Shop Scheduling with Peak Power Consumption Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enterprises; for example, many energy providers use time-of-use (TOU) tariffs ( e.g. Babu and Ashok. 2008). Peak power consumption has also received some...

214

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journalefficiency efforts. Keywords: electricity rates, residentialmust suffer higher electricity rates to pay for the bill

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling alternative residential peak-load electricity rateKeywords: electricity rates, residential electricity, demandrates be targeted to the largest residential users of electricity,

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Poster: Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peak-demand Mitigation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Poster: Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peak-demand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike Title Poster: Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity...

217

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma Located in the heart of "Tornado Alley," Oklahoma Gas & Electric Company's (OG&E) electric grid faces significant...

218

Methods and apparatus for reducing peak wind turbine loads ...  

A method for reducing peak loads of wind turbines in a changing wind environment includes measuring or estimating an instantaneous wind speed and direction at the ...

219

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mapping, delineation of Tertiary strata, analysis of faults and folds, and a new gravity survey have elucidated the structural controls on the Desert Peak and Brady...

220

Evaluation of Peak Heat Release Rates in Electrical Cabinet Fires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to reanalyze the peak heat release rates (HRRs) from fires occurring in electrical cabinets of nuclear power plants.

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Flow shop scheduling with peak power consumption constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 29, 2012 ... In particular, we consider a flow shop scheduling problem with a restriction on peak power consumption, in addition to the traditional...

222

Peak Oil: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Programming Activities in Public Health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Peak Oil, or the world reaching the maximum rate of petroleum extraction, poses risks such as depletion of energy resources, amplification of existing threats of (more)

Tuckerman, Samantha Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Geothermometry At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location...

224

Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-equal opportunity employer. Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogridutility customers, microgrid solutions the installation of

DeForest, Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

ENSO Impacts on Peak Wind Gusts in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the peak wind gust magnitude in association with the warm and cold phases of the El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) are identified over the contiguous United States. All calculations of the peak wind gust are differences in the ...

Jesse Enloe; James J. O'Brien; Shawn R. Smith

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Green Scheduling: Scheduling of Control Systems for Peak Power Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches for load shifting and model predictive control have been proposed, we present an alternative approach to reduce the peak power for a set of control systems. The proposed model is intuitive, scalableGreen Scheduling: Scheduling of Control Systems for Peak Power Reduction Truong Nghiem, Madhur Behl

Pappas, George J.

227

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline Edited by Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Risø-R-1712(EN) September 2009 Proceedings Risø International Energy Conference 2009 #12;Editors: Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Title: Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak

228

Diesel Rig Mechanical Peaking System Based on Flywheel Storage Technolgy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flywheel energy storage technology is an emerging energy storage technology, there is a great development in recent years promising energy storage technology, with a large energy storage, high power, no pollution, use of broad, simple maintenance, enabling ... Keywords: Flywheel energy storage technology, mechanical peaking, diesel rig, peak motor

Shuguang Liu, Jia Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant < Emcore Jump to: navigation, search Name Emcore/SunPeak Solar Power Plant Facility Emcore/SunPeak Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Photovoltaic Developer SunPeak Solar Location Albuquerque, New Mexico Coordinates 35.0844909°, -106.6511367° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.0844909,"lon":-106.6511367,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

230

Fundamentals of preparative and nonlinear chromatography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second edition of Fundamentals of Preparative and Nonlinear Chromatography is devoted to the fundamentals of a new process of purification or extraction of chemicals or proteins widely used in the pharmaceutical industry and in preparative chromatography. This process permits the preparation of extremely pure compounds satisfying the requests of the US Food and Drug Administration. The book describes the fundamentals of thermodynamics, mass transfer kinetics, and flow through porous media that are relevant to chromatography. It presents the models used in chromatography and their solutions, discusses the applications made, describes the different processes used, their numerous applications, and the methods of optimization of the experimental conditions of this process.

Guiochon, Georges A [ORNL; Felinger, Attila [ORNL; Katti, Anita [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Shirazi, Dean G [unknown

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

DOE Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract August 2013 This document provides guidance on the statutory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC), including clarification that multiple ECMs under the same ESPC may be "bundled" when evaluating lifecycle cost-effectiveness. Additionally, this document clarifies that an ESPC may include, or be limited to, a single ECM applied across multiple Federal buildings and facilities. Background and Introduction The term "energy savings performance contract," as defined by statute, means: [A] contract for the performance of services for the design, acquisition, installation, testing,

232

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 On this page you'll find information about the Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 14 August 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Green Building Studio, Inc. 444 Tenth Street, Suite 300 Santa Rosa, California 95401

233

DOE Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract August 2013 This document provides guidance on the statutory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC), including clarification that multiple ECMs under the same ESPC may be "bundled" when evaluating lifecycle cost-effectiveness. Additionally, this document clarifies that an ESPC may include, or be limited to, a single ECM applied across multiple Federal buildings and facilities. Background and Introduction The term "energy savings performance contract," as defined by statute, means: [A] contract for the performance of services for the design, acquisition, installation, testing,

234

Tax Deduction Qualified Software TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 TESS Libraries version 17.1.01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 On this page you'll find information about the TRNSYS version 17.01.0016 and TESS Libraries version 17.1.01 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 21 February 2013 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; The University of Wisconsin-Madison Solar Energy

235

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software -EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

build 2 build 2 On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 31 January 2007 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, Florida 39922 www.energygauge.com (2) The name, email address, and telephone number of the person to contact for further

236

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software … Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1 Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1 On this page you'll find information about the Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 31 March 2008 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Green Building Studio, Inc. 444 Tenth Street, Suite 300 Santa Rosa, California 95401 www.greenbuildingstudio.com

237

Peaking World Oil Production: Impacts, Mitigation and Risk Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The peaking of world oil production presents the U.S. and the world with an unprecedented risk management problem. As peaking is approached, liquid fuel prices and price volatility will increase dramatically, and, without timely mitigation, the economic, social, and political costs will be unprecedented. Viable mitigation options exist on both the supply and demand sides, but to have substantial impact, they must be initiated more than a decade in advance of peaking. In 2003, the world consumed nearly 80 million barrels per day (MM bpd) of oil. U.S. consumption was almost 20 MM bpd,

Robert L. Hirsch; Roger H. Bezdek; Robert M. Wendling

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Cooling commercial buildings with off-peak power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large commercial buildings use more electricity for cooling than for heating, and can account for 40% of summer peak demand. A cool storage technique in which compressors chill or freeze water during off-peak periods and the water is circulated during peak hours is in use in 100 commercial buildings. Reports indicate that these systems are economical, although little information is available, but engineers are hesitant to incorporate them because of possible damage from leaks or rust and other uncertainties. The Electric Power Research Institute is evaluating the performance of several systems to answer some of the operating and maintenance questions raised by engineers. 3 references, 3 figures. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Rabl, V.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project 921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management (BLM)(lead agency) and DOE are jointly preparing this EA, which evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a project proposed by Rockwood Lithium Inc (Rockwood), formerly doing business as Chemetall Foote Corporation. Rockwood has submitted to the BLM, Tonopah Field Office, an Operations Plan for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project within Esmeralda County, Nevada. The purpose of the project is to determine subsurface temperatures, confirm the existence of geothermal resources, and

240

Resistivity Tomography At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Resistivity Tomography At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Single-Well and Cross-Well Resistivity At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Single-Well and Cross-Well Resistivity Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Resistivity_Tomography_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=689883" Categories:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Presentations from Track B, Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes of the U.S. Department of Energy Building America program's 2012 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting are provided below as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. These presentations for this track covered the following topics: Ventilation Strategies in High Performance Homes; Combustion Safety in Tight Houses; Implementation Program Case Studies; Field Testing from Start to Finish; and Humidity Control and Analysis. why_we_ventilate.pdf formaldehyde_new_homes.pdf whole_bldg_ventilation.pdf combustion_safety_codes.pdf combustion_diagnostics.pdf test_protocols_results.pdf utility_incentive_programs.pdf

242

EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project 921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada EA-1921: Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment, Esmeralda County, Nevada SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management (BLM)(lead agency) and DOE are jointly preparing this EA, which evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a project proposed by Rockwood Lithium Inc (Rockwood), formerly doing business as Chemetall Foote Corporation. Rockwood has submitted to the BLM, Tonopah Field Office, an Operations Plan for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project within Esmeralda County, Nevada. The purpose of the project is to determine subsurface temperatures, confirm the existence of geothermal resources, and

243

Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Multispectral Imaging At Silver Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Multispectral Imaging Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geology and Geophysics of Geothermal Systems, Gregory Nash, 2005. A third objective was testing ASTER multispectral data for small-scale mapping of the geology of the northern Silver Peak Range, Nevada near the Fish Lake Valley geothermal field. References Patrick Laney (2005) Federal Geothermal Research Program Update - Fiscal Year 2004 Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Multispectral_Imaging_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(Laney,_2005)&oldid=511017"

244

Airport quotas and peak hour pricing : theory and practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report examines the leading theoretical studies not only of airport peak-hour pricing but also of the congestion costs associated with airport delays and presents a consistent formulation of both. The report also ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Residential Response to Critical Peak Pricing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Response to Critical Peak Pricing of Electricity Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: June 30, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 A recent California study collected detailed...

246

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-2: Baseline Peak and Maximum Demand Savings at Each Auto-45 Table 4-8: Maximum Demand saving by Site and Non-and the non-coincident maximum demand savings. If all twelve

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors for Symmetrical Short Circuits Terms-- Permanent magnet synchronous motor, short circuit, protection measure, transient behavior I 33095 Paderborn, Germany Abstract--To enable constant-power areas with permanent magnet synchronous

Noé, Reinhold

248

Off peak cooling using an ice storage system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric utilities in the United States have entered a period of slow growth due to a combination of increased capital costs and a staggering rise in the costs for fuel. In addition to this, the rise in peak power ...

Quinlan, Edward Michael

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Abstract Detailed geologic mapping, delineation of Tertiary strata, analysis of faults and folds, and a new gravity survey have elucidated the structural controls on the Desert Peak and Brady geothermal fields in the Hot Springs Mountains of northwestern Nevada. The fields lie within the Humboldt

250

Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Peaks Motel Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Twin Peaks Motel Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Ouray, Colorado Coordinates 38.0227716°, -107.6714487° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

251

Silver Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources (Redirected from Silver Peak, NV) Jump to: navigation, search Name Silver Peak, Nevada Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 5512346 Coordinates 37.7549309°, -117.6348148° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7549309,"lon":-117.6348148,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

252

The Annual Peak in the SST Anomaly Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The manner in which monthly mean sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs) show enhanced variance at the annual period in the extratropics (an annual peak in the variance spectrum) is illustrated by observations and model simulations. A mechanism,...

Jens Mller; Dietmar Dommenget; Vladimir A. Semenov

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Potential of solar cooling systems for peak demand reduction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We investigated the technical feasibility of solar cooling for peak demand reduction using a building energy simulation program (DOE2.1D). The system studied was an absorption cooling system with a thermal coefficient of performance of 0.8 driven by a solar collector system with an efficiency of 50% with no thermal storage. The analysis for three different climates showed that, on the day with peak cooling load, about 17% of the peak load could be met satisfactorily with the solar-assisted cooling system without any thermal storage. A performance availability analysis indicated that the solar cooling system should be designed for lower amounts of available solar resources that coincide with the hours during which peak demand reduction is required. The analysis indicated that in dry climates, direct-normal concentrating collectors work well for solar cooling; however, in humid climates, collectors that absorb diffuse radiation work better.

Pesaran, A.A. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Neymark, J. [Neymark (Joel), Golden, CO (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fossil fuel-fired peak heating for geothermal greenhouses  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the capital and operating costs for fossil fuel-fired peak heating systems in geothermally (direct use) heated greenhouses. Issues covered include equipment capital costs, fuel requirements, maintenance and operating costs, system control and integration into conventional hot water greenhouse heating systems. Annual costs per square foot of greenhouse floor area are developed for three climates: Helena, MT; Klamath Falls, OR and San Bernardino, CA, for both boiler and individual unit heater peaking systems. In most applications, peaking systems sized for 60% of the peak load are able to satisfy over 95% of the annual heating requirements and cost less than $0.15 per square foot per year to operate. The propane-fired boiler system has the least cost of operation in all but Helena, MT climate.

Rafferty, K.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Self-regenerating column chromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a process for treating both cations and anions by using a self-regenerating, multi-ionic exchange resin column system which requires no separate regeneration steps. The process involves alternation ion-exchange chromatography for cations and anions in a multi-ionic exchange column packed with a mixture of cation and anion exchange resins. The multi-ionic mixed-charge resin column works as a multifunction column, capable of independently processing either cationic or anionic exchange, or simultaneously processing both cationic and anionic exchanges. The major advantage offered by the alternating multifunction ion exchange process is the self-regeneration of the resins. Applications are to separation of nitrogen and sulfur isotopes.

Park, Woo K.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

Freeze chromatography method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A freeze chromatography method and apparatus are provided which enable separation of the solutes contained in a sample. The apparatus includes an annular column construction comprising cylindrical inner and outer surfaces defining an annular passage therebetween. One of the surfaces is heated and the other cooled while passing an eluent through the annular passageway so that the eluent in contact with the cooled surface freezes and forms a frozen eluent layer thereon. A mixture of solutes dissolved in eluent is passed through the annular passageway in contact with the frozen layer so that the sample solutes in the mixture will tend to migrate either toward or away the frozen layer. The rate at which the mixture flows through the annular passageway is controlled so that the distribution of the sample solutes approaches that at equilibrium and thus a separation between the sample solutes occurs. 3 figs.

Scott, C.D.

1987-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

257

Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Wind Farm Facility Jiminy Peak Ski Resort Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort Location Hancock MA Coordinates 42.5554°, -73.2898° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5554,"lon":-73.2898,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

Observation of low magnetic field density peaks in helicon plasma  

SciTech Connect

Single density peak has been commonly observed in low magnetic field (<100 G) helicon discharges. In this paper, we report the observations of multiple density peaks in low magnetic field (<100 G) helicon discharges produced in the linear helicon plasma device [Barada et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 063501 (2012)]. Experiments are carried out using argon gas with m = +1 right helical antenna operating at 13.56 MHz by varying the magnetic field from 0 G to 100 G. The plasma density varies with varying the magnetic field at constant input power and gas pressure and reaches to its peak value at a magnetic field value of {approx}25 G. Another peak of smaller magnitude in density has been observed near 50 G. Measurement of amplitude and phase of the axial component of the wave using magnetic probes for two magnetic field values corresponding to the observed density peaks indicated the existence of radial modes. Measured parallel wave number together with the estimated perpendicular wave number suggests oblique mode propagation of helicon waves along the resonance cone boundary for these magnetic field values. Further, the observations of larger floating potential fluctuations measured with Langmuir probes at those magnetic field values indicate that near resonance cone boundary; these electrostatic fluctuations take energy from helicon wave and dump power to the plasma causing density peaks.

Barada, Kshitish K.; Chattopadhyay, P. K.; Ghosh, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Saxena, Y. C. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Peaking of world oil production: Impacts, mitigation, & risk management  

SciTech Connect

The peaking of world oil production presents the U.S. and the world with an unprecedented risk management problem. As peaking is approached, liquid fuel prices and price volatility will increase dramatically, and, without timely mitigation, the economic, social, and political costs will be unprecedented. Viable mitigation options exist on both the supply and demand sides, but to have substantial impact, they must be initiated more than a decade in advance of peaking.... The purpose of this analysis was to identify the critical issues surrounding the occurrence and mitigation of world oil production peaking. We simplified many of the complexities in an effort to provide a transparent analysis. Nevertheless, our study is neither simple nor brief. We recognize that when oil prices escalate dramatically, there will be demand and economic impacts that will alter our simplified assumptions. Consideration of those feedbacks will be a daunting task but one that should be undertaken. Our aim in this study is to-- Summarize the difficulties of oil production forecasting; Identify the fundamentals that show why world oil production peaking is such a unique challenge; Show why mitigation will take a decade or more of intense effort; Examine the potential economic effects of oil peaking; Describe what might be accomplished under three example mitigation scenarios. Stimulate serious discussion of the problem, suggest more definitive studies, and engender interest in timely action to mitigate its impacts.

Hirsch, R.L. (SAIC); Bezdek, Roger (MISI); Wendling, Robert (MISI)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Use of graphitized carbon beads for gas liquid chromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Carbonized resin microspheroids are used as a column packing in gas-solid chromatography and as a support in gas-liquid chromatography.

Talmi, Yair (Oak Ridge, TN); Pollock, Charles B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

together during this peak demandperiodtousepower21 PeakDemandBaselinestudy. Theiraveragepeakdemandreductionwas14%ofthe

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Storing hydroelectricity to meet peak-hour demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on pumped storage plants which have become an effective way for some utility companies that derive power from hydroelectric facilities to economically store baseload energy during off-peak hours for use during peak hourly demands. According to the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in Palo Alto, Calif., 36 of these plants provide approximately 20 gigawatts, or about 3 percent of U.S. generating capacity. During peak-demand periods, utilities are often stretched beyond their capacity to provide power and must therefore purchase it from neighboring utilities. Building new baseload power plants, typically nuclear or coal-fired facilities that run 24 hours per day seven days a week, is expensive, about $1500 per kilowatt, according to Robert Schainker, program manager for energy storage at the EPRI. Schainker the that building peaking plants at $400 per kilowatt, which run a few hours a day on gas or oil fuel, is less costly than building baseload plants. Operating them, however, is more expensive because peaking plants are less efficient that baseload plants.

Valenti, M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma Reducing Peak Demand to Defer Power Plant Construction in Oklahoma Located in the heart of "Tornado Alley," Oklahoma Gas & Electric Company's (OG&E) electric grid faces significant challenges from severe weather, hot summers, and about 2% annual load growth. To better control costs and manage electric reliability under these conditions, OG&E is pursuing demand response strategies made possible by implementation of smart grid technologies, tools, and techniques from 2010-2012. The objective is to engage customers in lowering peak demand using smart technologies in homes and businesses and to achieve greater efficiencies on the distribution system. The immediate goal: To defer two 165 MW power plants currently planned for

264

Silver Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Peak, Nevada: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Silver Peak, Nevada Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 5512346 Coordinates 37.7549309°, -117.6348148° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7549309,"lon":-117.6348148,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

265

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Speaker(s): David S. Watson Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Overview of current California Energy Commission (CEC)/Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Auto-CPP project: This summer, some select commercial CPP customers of PG&E will have the option of joining the Automated Critical Peak Pricing pilot. The pilot will have the same tariffs as standard CPP programs, but will include an added feature: automated shedding of electric loads. Through use of the Price Server System, day-ahead CPP event signals initiated by PG&E will ultimately cause electric loads to be automatically curtailed on commercial customer sites. These optional predetermined shed strategies will occur without

266

Cuttings Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Cuttings Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

267

Peak polarity overturn for charged particles in laser ablation process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The charged particles emitted during laser ablation off a brass target are detected using a metal probe in air. A special phenomenon is found in the recorded signals: following a giant electromagnetic peak observed immediately after the emission of the pulsed laser, a minor peak occurs whose polarity merely depends on the distance between the probe and the laser focal spot on the target. Under the condition of our experiment, the overturn point is 1.47 mm, i.e., the minor peak remains negative when the probe distance is less than 1.47 mm; it becomes positive while the probe is set at a distance beyond 1.47 mm. A hypothesis is proposed to explain the overturn that takes the flight behavior of the charged particles both in plasma and propagating shock wave into consideration.

Zhang, P.; Ji, Y. J.; Lai, X. M.; Bian, B. M.; Li, Z. H. [Department of Information Physics and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Potential Peak Load Reductions From Residential Energy Efficient Upgrades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand for electricity is continuing to grow at a substantial rate. Utilities are interested in managing this growth's peak demand for a number of reasons including: costly construction of new generation capacity can be deferred; the reliability of the distribution network can be improved; and added environmental pollution can be minimized. Energy efficiency improvements, especially through residential programs, are increasingly being used to mitigate this rise in peak demand. This paper examines the potential peak load reductions from residential energy efficiency upgrades in hot and humid climates. First, a baseline scenario is established. Then, the demand and consumption impacts of individual upgrade measures are assessed. Several of these upgrades are then combined into a package to assess the synergistic demand and energy impacts. A sensitivity analysis is then performed to assess the impacts of housing characteristics on estimated demand and energy savings. Finally, the demand, energy, and environmental impacts are estimated at the community level.

Meisegeier, D.; Howes, M.; King, D.; Hall, J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

II Geothermal Facility II Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility General Information Name Desert Peak II Geothermal Facility Facility Desert Peak II Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Churchill, Nevada Coordinates 39.753854931241°, -118.95378112793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.753854931241,"lon":-118.95378112793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Title Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-3636e Year of Publication 2010 Authors Yin, Rongxin, Sila Kiliccote, Mary Ann Piette, and Kristen Parrish Conference Name 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA Keywords demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, demand shifting (pre-cooling), DRQAT Abstract This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30% using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

271

An Innovative Approach Towards National Peak Load Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An innovative approach was developed and implemented in eight governmental buildings to reduce their load during the peak demand hours in summer of 2007. The innovative approach implemented in these buildings included pre-closing treatment (PCT) between 13:00 and 14:00 h and time-of-day control (TDC) after 14:00 h for air conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems. PCT realized an overall reduction of 3.43 MW, a saving of 11.7% of the buildings peak power demand; while TDC realized a total savings of 8.67 MW at 15:00 h, a saving of 30.7% of the buildings peak power demand at that hour. The temperature build up inside the buildings due to PCT and TDC was within the acceptable range, which validated the technical viability of these measures. The implementation of the innovative approach in the eight governmental buildings with a total measured peak demand of 29.3 MW achieved a reduction of 8.89 MW. This power is now available to other users leading to financial savings of $13.5 million for the nation towards the cost of constructing new power plants and distribution network equipment. More importantly, this reduction in peak power demand of well over 30% involved zero or limited expenditure. A nationwide implementation of this innovative approach in all the governmental and institutional buildings is likely to reduce the national peak power demand by 154 MW which amounts to a capital savings of $232 million towards the cost of new power generation equipment and distribution network.

Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; ElSherbini, A.; Alghimlas, F.; Al-Taqi, H.; Al-Hadban, Y.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

SCHOOL OF HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY Peak Carbon. Climate change and energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCHOOL OF HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY Peak Carbon. Climate change and energy policy ARTS2241 S2, 2010 #12 to be overcome before Australia can make deep cuts in greenhouse emissions, particularly from energy generation AIMS · Create awareness of the `bigger picture' that connects concerns over climate change and energy

Green, Donna

273

Scalable Scheduling of Building Control Systems for Peak Demand Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is model predictive control (MPC) ([6], [7]). In [6] the authors inves- tigated MPC for thermal energyScalable Scheduling of Building Control Systems for Peak Demand Reduction Truong X. Nghiem, Madhur operation of sub- systems such as heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems

Pappas, George J.

274

Performance of a voltage peak detection-based flickermeter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Voltage fluctuations and rapid voltage changes lead to lamps flickering and disturbance of visual perception may occur consequently. For evaluation of the flicker severity level by means of voltage measurement there was developed an instrument called ... Keywords: Matlab Simulink, flickermeter, interharmonics, performance analysis, voltage fluctuation, voltage peak detection

Jiri Drapela

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Peak Dose Assessment for Proposed DOE-PPPO Authorized Limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) prime contractor, was contracted by the DOE Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office (DOE-PPPO) to conduct a peak dose assessment in support of the Authorized Limits Request for Solid Waste Disposal at Landfill C-746-U at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (DOE-PPPO 2011a). The peak doses were calculated based on the DOE-PPPO Proposed Single Radionuclides Soil Guidelines and the DOE-PPPO Proposed Authorized Limits (AL) Volumetric Concentrations available in DOE-PPPO 2011a. This work is provided as an appendix to the Dose Modeling Evaluations and Technical Support Document for the Authorized Limits Request for the C-746-U Landfill at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Paducah, Kentucky (ORISE 2012). The receptors evaluated in ORISE 2012 were selected by the DOE-PPPO for the additional peak dose evaluations. These receptors included a Landfill Worker, Trespasser, Resident Farmer (onsite), Resident Gardener, Recreational User, Outdoor Worker and an Offsite Resident Farmer. The RESRAD (Version 6.5) and RESRAD-OFFSITE (Version 2.5) computer codes were used for the peak dose assessments. Deterministic peak dose assessments were performed for all the receptors and a probabilistic dose assessment was performed only for the Offsite Resident Farmer at the request of the DOE-PPPO. In a deterministic analysis, a single input value results in a single output value. In other words, a deterministic analysis uses single parameter values for every variable in the code. By contrast, a probabilistic approach assigns parameter ranges to certain variables, and the code randomly selects the values for each variable from the parameter range each time it calculates the dose (NRC 2006). The receptor scenarios, computer codes and parameter input files were previously used in ORISE 2012. A few modifications were made to the parameter input files as appropriate for this effort. Some of these changes included increasing the time horizon beyond 1,050 years (yr), and using the radionuclide concentrations provided by the DOE-PPPO as inputs into the codes. The deterministic peak doses were evaluated within time horizons of 70 yr (for the Landfill Worker and Trespasser), 1,050 yr, 10,000 yr and 100,000 yr (for the Resident Farmer [onsite], Resident Gardener, Recreational User, Outdoor Worker and Offsite Resident Farmer) at the request of the DOE-PPPO. The time horizons of 10,000 yr and 100,000 yr were used at the request of the DOE-PPPO for informational purposes only. The probabilistic peak of the mean dose assessment was performed for the Offsite Resident Farmer using Technetium-99 (Tc-99) and a time horizon of 1,050 yr. The results of the deterministic analyses indicate that among all receptors and time horizons evaluated, the highest projected dose, 2,700 mrem/yr, occurred for the Resident Farmer (onsite) at 12,773 yr. The exposure pathways contributing to the peak dose are ingestion of plants, external gamma, and ingestion of milk, meat and soil. However, this receptor is considered an implausible receptor. The only receptors considered plausible are the Landfill Worker, Recreational User, Outdoor Worker and the Offsite Resident Farmer. The maximum projected dose among the plausible receptors is 220 mrem/yr for the Outdoor Worker and it occurs at 19,045 yr. The exposure pathways contributing to the dose for this receptor are external gamma and soil ingestion. The results of the probabilistic peak of the mean dose analysis for the Offsite Resident Farmer indicate that the average (arithmetic mean) of the peak of the mean doses for this receptor is 0.98 mrem/yr and it occurs at 1,050 yr. This dose corresponds to Tc-99 within the time horizon of 1,050 yr.

DELIS MALDONADO

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 4 High-temperature Liquid Chromatography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 4 High-temperature Liquid Chromatography Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books A0E60F9889E91C3C140760EF7AE5F026 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf...

277

ARM - Field Campaign - Colorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation govCampaignsColorado: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Campaign Links STORMVEX Website Related Campaigns Colorado: CFH/CMH Deployment to StormVEx 2011.02.01, Mace, AMF Colorado: SP2 Deployment at StormVEx 2010.11.15, Sedlacek, AMF Colorado : Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift 2010.11.15, Massoli, AMF Colorado: Infrared Thermometer (IRT) 2010.11.15, Mace, AMF Colorado: StormVEX Aerosol Size Distribution 2010.11.15, Hallar, AMF Colorado: Direct Measurements of Snowfall 2010.11.15, McCubbin, AMF Colorado: Thunderhead Radiative Flux Analysis Campaign 2010.11.15, Long, AMF Colorado: Ice Nuclei and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Characterization 2010.11.15, Cziczo, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA.

278

The SECIS instrument on the Lomnicky Peak Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating mechanisms of the solar corona will be investigated at the high-altitude solar observatory Lomnicky Peak of the Astronomical Institute of SAS (Slovakia) using its mid-size Lyot coronagraph and post-focal instrument SECIS provided by Astronomical Institute of the University of Wroclaw (Poland). The data will be studied with respect to the energy transport and release responsible for heating the solar corona to temperatures of mega-Kelvins. In particular investigations will be focused on detection of possible high-frequency MHD waves in the solar corona. The scientific background of the project, technical details of the SECIS system modified specially for the Lomnicky Peak coronagraph, and inspection of the test data are described in the paper.

Ambroz, J; Rudawy, P; Rybak, J; Phillips, K J H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical Equipment Removal Project located north of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes drain and dispose of PCB contaminated oil from two bushings, and decontaminate one· bushing and rack, break apart PCB contaminated concrete and excavate PCB contaminated soil at Pinnacle Peak Substation. Western will be use existing access roads and vehicles such as cranes, backhoes, dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks to bring personnel and equipment to the work area. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The project is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. The attached map shows the

280

Firing Excess Refinery Butane in Peaking Gas Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New environmentally-driven regulations for motor gasoline volatility will significantly alter refinery light ends supply/demand balancing. This, in turn, will impact refinery economics. This paper presumes that one outcome will be excess refinery normal butane production, which will reduce refinery normal butane value and price. Explored is an opportunity for a new use for excess refinery normal butane- as a fuel for utility peaking gas turbines which currently fire kerosene and #2 oil. Our paper identifies the fundamental driving forces which are changing refinery butane economics, examines how these forces influence refinery production, and evaluates the potential for using normal butanes as peaking utility gas turbine fuel, especially on the US East Coast.

Pavone, A.; Schreiber, H.; Zwillenberg, M.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Application of Thermal Storage, Peak Shaving and Cogeneration for Hospitals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy costs of hospitals can be managed by employing various strategies to control peak electrical demand (KW) while at the same time providing additional security of operation in the event that an equipment failure or a disruption of power from the electric utility occurs. Some electric utilities offer their customers demand (KW) reduction rate incentives. Many hospitals have additional emergency back-up needs for electrical energy. Demand is relatively constant in many hospitals due to high internal loads. These factors coupled with the present competitive alternate fuel market and present opportunities for hospitals to significantly reduce operating costs and provide additional stand-by or back-up electric sources. This paper employs a hospital case study to define and illustrate three energy planning strategies applicable to hospitals. These strategies are peak shaving, thermal storage, cogeneration and/or paralleling with the electric utility.

McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.; Estes, M. C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Analyses of Magnetic-Field Peak-Exposure Summary Measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Past emphasis on exposure characterization and analyses for magnetic fields has been on measures of central tendency, such as long-term time-weighted average (TWA) exposure. Past emphasis on exposure characterization and analyses for magnetic fields has been on measures of central tendency such as long-term time-weighted average (TWA) exposure. This report examines peak exposure measures such as the maximum and 99th percentile of measurements during a day. EPRI sponsored this study to enhance industry kn...

2003-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

283

Density Forecasting for Long-Term Peak Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-term electricity demand forecasting plays an important role in planning for future generation facilities and transmission augmentation. In a long-term context, planners must adopt a probabilistic view of potential peak demand levels. Therefore density forecasts (providing estimates of the full probability distributions of the possible future values of the demand) are more helpful than point forecasts, and are necessary for utilities to evaluate and hedge the financial risk accrued by demand variability and forecasting uncertainty. This paper proposes a new methodology to forecast the density of long-term peak electricity demand. Peak electricity demand in a given season is subject to a range of uncertainties, including underlying population growth, changing technology, economic conditions, prevailing weather conditions (and the timing of those conditions), as well as the general randomness inherent in individual usage. It is also subject to some known calendar effects due to the time of day, day of week, time of year, and public holidays. A comprehensive forecasting solution is described in this paper. First, semi-parametric additive models are used to estimate the relationships between demand and the driver variables, including temperatures, calendar effects and some demographic and economic variables. Then the demand distributions are forecasted by using a mixture of temperature simulation, assumed future economic scenarios, and residual bootstrapping. The temperature simulation is implemented through a new seasonal bootstrapping method with variable blocks. The proposed methodology has been used to forecast the probability distribution of annual and weekly peak electricity demand for South Australia since 2007. The performance of the methodology is evaluated by comparing the forecast results with the actual demand of the summer 20072008.

Rob J. Hyndman; Shu Fan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd Wanxiang Silicon Peak Electronics Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Wanxiang Silicon-Peak Electronics Co Ltd Place Kaihua, Zhejiang Province, China Zip 324300 Sector Solar Product Maker of monocrystalline silicon ingots and wafers and subsidiary of the Wanxiang Group which includes solar cell and module maker Wanxiang Solar. Coordinates 29.140209°, 118.405113° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.140209,"lon":118.405113,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

285

Deconvolution of mixed gamma emitters using peak parameters  

SciTech Connect

When evaluating samples containing mixtures of nuclides using gamma spectroscopy the situation sometimes arises where the nuclides present have photon emissions that cannot be resolved by the detector. An example of this is mixtures of {sup 241}Am and plutonium that have L x-ray emissions with slightly different energies which cannot be resolved using a high-purity germanium detector. It is possible to deconvolute the americium L x-rays from those plutonium based on the {sup 241}Am 59.54 keV photon. However, this requires accurate knowledge of the relative emission yields. Also, it often results in high uncertainties in the plutonium activity estimate due to the americium yields being approximately an order of magnitude greater than those for plutonium. In this work, an alternative method of determining the relative fraction of plutonium in mixtures of {sup 241}Am and {sup 239}Pu based on L x-ray peak location and shape parameters is investigated. The sensitivity and accuracy of the peak parameter method is compared to that for conventional peak decovolution.

Gadd, Milan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Francisco [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Magadalena, Vigil M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

286

Application of Building Precooling to Reduce Peak Cooling Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A building cooling control strategy was developed and tested for a 1.4 million square foot (130,000 square meter) office building located in Hoffman Estates, IL. The goal of the control strategy was to utilize building thermal mass to limit the peak cooling load for continued building operation in the event of the loss of one of the four central chiller units. The algorithm was first developed and evaluated through simulation and then evaluated through tests on two identical buildings. The east building utilized the existing building control strategy while the west building used the precooling strategy developed for this project. Consistent with simulation predictions, the precooling control strategy successfully limited the peak load to 75 % of the cooling capacity for the west building, while the east building operated at 100 % of capacity. Precooling of the building mass provided an economical alternative to the purchase of an additional chiller unit. The estimated cost of installing an additional chiller was approximately $500,000. Computer models developed for this project also showed that precooling based upon cooling cost minimization could result in savings of approximately $25,000 per month during the peak cooling season. The building model was validated with experimental results and could be used in the development of a cost minimization strategy.

Kevin R. Keeney; James E. Braun, Ph.D.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

K2 Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Energy Solutions formerly Peak Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name K2 Energy Solutions (formerly Peak Energy Solutions) Place Henderson, Nevada Zip 89074 Product Nevada-based designer and fabricator of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) batteries for such applications as EVs, power tools and larger-scale storage. Coordinates 38.83461°, -82.140509° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.83461,"lon":-82.140509,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

288

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO  

SciTech Connect

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized debt instruments that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer issuers very attractive borrowing rates and long terms, and can fund low-interest energy efficiency loans for home and commercial property owners. Saint Louis County, MO recently issued over $10 million of QECBs to finance the Saint Louis County SAVES residential energy efficiency loan program. The county's experience negotiating QECB regulations and restrictions can inform future issuers.

Zimring, Mark

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

289

Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-Cooling with Zone Temperature Reset in an Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-Cooling with Zone TemperatureUniversity of California. Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-shifted in time and the peak demand is reduced. The building

Xu, Peng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for CommercialScenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for CommercialThe whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with

Yin, Rongxin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Peak demand reduction from pre-cooling with zone temperature reset in an office building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an Energy-Efficient Economy. Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-shifted in time and the peak demand is reduced. The building

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Braun, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Testing an Ice Storage System for Peak Load Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice storage systems allow for the offset of peak building cooling power by allowing the building operator to choose a convenient window for making ice and then using that ice, rather than a traditional cooling system, to provide space cooling. For the past several years, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has tested the Ice Bear 30, a 30 ton-hour system designed to operate independently of the unitary system. This report describes the testing and its results, based on work performed at a field ...

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

293

Home cogeneration system can augment peak power requirements  

SciTech Connect

The use of internal combustion engines to supplement peak power generation to homeowners is suggested. As in a car heater, internal combustion engines would recover heat from the radiators to heat the house. The IC, inlet and outlet lines, thermostat, muffler (''critical''), induction generator, and reverse power delay are schematicized. Synchronous generators are not recommended. Disadvantages include the potential pollution, high capital cost, and the resistance of homeowners ''acquainted with the problems of owning a car.'' A simple method to determine the economics of home cogeneration is given. Special consideration is paid to the induction generator, and the engine starter.

Krishnan, K.R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Peak load control energy saving and cycling system  

SciTech Connect

A control system for limiting peak load demand and/or saving electrical energy by cycling the individual loads within an electrical distribution system is described. Electrical power usage in a distribution system is continuously monitored and compared to a pre-set limit. Loads can be added and cycled according to a limit set by the operator. Loads can also be dropped in response to a signal proportional to the electrical power usage in a distribution system within limits defined by the operator.

Burch, J.

1976-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

295

Mercury Vapor At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mercury Vapor At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Mercury Vapor Activity Date Usefulness useful...

296

Water Sampling At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Silver Peak Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness...

297

Flow Test At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area...

298

Density Log at Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Density Log at Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details...

299

Rock Density At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Density At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Density At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration...

300

2-M Probe At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique 2-M Probe Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Gamma Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Gamma Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details...

302

Anisotropic Sliding Dynamics, Peak Effect, and Metastability in Stripe Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variety of soft and hard condensed matter systems are known to form stripe patterns. Here we use numerical simulations to analyze how such stripe states depin and slide when interacting with a random substrate and with driving in different directions with respect to the orientation of the stripes. Depending on the strength and density of the substrate disorder, we find that there can be pronounced anisotropy in the transport produced by different dynamical flow phases. We also find a disorder-induced "peak effect" similar to that observed for superconducting vortex systems, which is marked by a transition from elastic depinning to a state where the stripe structure fragments or partially disorders at depinning. Under the sudden application of a driving force, we observe pronounced metastability effects similar to those found near the order-disorder transition associated with the peak effect regime for three-dimensional superconducting vortices. The characteristic transient time required for the system to reach a steady state diverges in the region where the flow changes from elastic to disordered. We also find that anisotropy of the flow persists in the presence of thermal disorder when thermally-induced particle hopping along the stripes dominates. The thermal effects can wash out the effects of the quenched disorder, leading to a thermally-induced stripe state. We map out the dynamical phase diagram for this system, and discuss how our results could be explored in electron liquid crystal systems, type-1.5 superconductors, and pattern-forming colloidal assemblies.

C. J. Olson Reichhardt; C. Reichhardt; A. R. Bishop

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

303

Estimation of Lightning Stroke Peak Current as a Function of Peak Electric Field and the Normalized Amplitude of Signal Strength: Corrections and Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have made connections and improvements to published equations relating the peak current and the peak electric field intensity for return strokes of cloud-to-ground lightning. The original published equations were derived from ...

Y. P. Liaw; D. R. Cook; D. L. Sisterson

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Csaba Horvath and preparative liquid chromatography  

SciTech Connect

Few chromatographers have been interested in furthering preparative liquid chromatography. The pioneers, Tswett, Kuhn and Lederer, A.J.P. Martin, Tiselius, isolated fractions but as an intermediate step in the analysis of their samples. The progress in electronics and sensors, and in their miniaturization has lead to the paradoxical situation that the analysts never see the transient pure fractions that their detector quantitates. Yet, over the last 25 years, preparative liquid chromatography has become an important industrial process for the separation, the extraction, and/or the purification of many pharmaceuticals or pharmaceutical intermediates, including pure enantiomers, purified peptides and proteins, compounds that are manufactured at the relatively large industrial scale of a few kilograms to several hundred tons per year. This development that has strongly affected the modern pharmaceutical industry is mainly due to the pioneering work of Csaba Horvath. His work in preparative HPLC was critical at both the practical and the theoretical levels. He was the first scientist in modern times to pay serious attention to the relationships between the curvature of the equilibrium isotherms, the competitive nature of nonlinear isotherms, and the chromatographic band profiles of complex mixtures. The thermodynamics of multi-component phase equilibria and mass transfer kinetics in chromatography attracted his interest and were the focus of ground-breaking contributions. He investigated displacement chromatography, an old method invented by Tiselius that Csaba was first to implement in HPLC. This choice was explained by the essential characteristic of displacement chromatography, in that it delivers fractions that can be far more concentrated than the feed. Remarkably, once the basics of nonlinear chromatography had been mastered in his group, most of the applications that were studied by his coworkers dealt with peptides of various sizes and with proteins. Thus, all the applications of preparative HPLC in the biotechnologies derive directly from Csaba's work. Although displacement did not pan out as a general method, the reasons are related more to practical constraints of the production of pharmaceuticals and to the long period of cheap energy that might be ending now. This report reviews Csaba's work in nonlinear chromatography.

Guiochon, Georges A [ORNL

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Nondestructive Evaluation: Plant-Specific Applications of Qualified Nozzle Inner Radius and Nozzle-to-Shell Weld Ultrasonic Testing Procedures Using EPRI Computer Models -- 2002-2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the fourth in a series of periodic technical updates documenting plant-specific applications of qualified nozzle inner radius and nozzle-to-shell weld ultrasonic testing techniques developed using the Electric Power Research Institute Nondestructive Evaluation programs three-dimensional nozzle models. This particular update covers the period 20022010.

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 2 Hydrophilic Interaction ChromatographyAn Excellent Method for Separation of Polar Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 2 Hydrophilic Interaction ChromatographyAn Excellent Method for Separation of Polar Samples Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books AOCS Press Downlo

307

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 5 High-efficiency Liquid Chromatography Separations Achieved by Monolithic Silica Columns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 5 High-efficiency Liquid Chromatography Separations Achieved by Monolithic Silica Columns Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books AOCS Press Downloada

308

10-MW GTO converter for battery peaking service  

SciTech Connect

A bidirectional 18-pulse voltage source converter utilizing gate turn-off thyristors (GTO's) is described. The converter, which is rated 10 MVA, was placed in service in early 1988 to connect an energy storage battery to a utility grid. The converter is rated and controlled to operate in all four quadrants (discharge, charge, leading vars, or lagging vars) at the full 10-MVA rating. It is capable of independent rapid control of real and reactive power with a transient response of 16 ms to changes in commanded value of real or reactive power. Thus it is usable as a reactive power controller (static var control), voltage control, frequency control, power system stabilizer, or as a real power peaking station. For use as a reactive power controller only, no battery would be needed. The design, construction, control, and application of the converter are described, and performance data taken at factory power test and at the installation are given.

Walker, L.H. (Drive Development Engineering, Drive Systems, General Electric Co., Salem, VA (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Implications of "peak oil" for atmospheric CO2 and climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peaking of global oil production may have a large effect on future atmospheric CO2 amount and climate change, depending upon choices made for subsequent energy sources. We suggest that, if estimates of oil and gas reserves by the Energy Information Administration are realistic, it is feasible to keep atmospheric CO2 from exceeding approximately 450 ppm, provided that future exploitation of the huge reservoirs of coal and unconventional fossil fuels incorporates carbon capture and sequestration. Existing coal-fired power plants, without sequestration, must be phased out before mid-century to achieve this limit on atmospheric CO2. We also suggest that it is important to "stretch" oil reserves via energy efficiency, thus avoiding the need to extract liquid fuels from coal or unconventional fossil fuels. We argue that a rising price on carbon emissions is probably needed to keep CO2 beneath the 450 ppm ceiling.

Kharecha, P A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Gas amplified ionization detector for gas chromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-amplified ionization detector for gas chromatography which possesses increased sensitivity and a very fast response time is described. Solutes eluding from a gas chromatographic column are ionized by uv photoionization of matter eluting therefrom. The detector is capable of generating easily measured voltage signals by gas amplification/multiplication of electron products resulting from the uv photoionization of at least a portion of each solute passing through the detector. 4 figs.

Huston, G.C.

1989-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

311

Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project Innovative Exploration Project Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Silver Peak Innovative Exploration Project Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The scope of this three phase project includes tasks to validate a variety of innovative exploration and drilling technologies which aim to accurately characterize the geothermal site and thereby reduce project risk. Phase 1 exploration will consist of two parts: 1) surface and near surface investigations and 2) subsurface geophysical surveys and modeling. The first part of Phase 1 includes: a hyperspectral imaging survey (to map thermal anomalies and geothermal indicator minerals), shallow temperature probe measurements, and drilling of temperature gradient wells to depths of 1000 feet. In the second part of Phase 1, 2D & 3D geophysical modeling and inversion of gravity, magnetic, and magnetotelluric datasets will be used to image the subsurface. This effort will result in the creation of a 3D model composed of structural, geological, and resistivity components. The 3D model will then be combined with the temperature data to create an integrated model that will be used to prioritize drill target locations.

312

Dick Cheney, Peak Oil and the Final Count Down  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the April 2004 issue of the magazine the Middle East I found a statement that Vice-President Dick Cheney had made in a speech at the London Institute of Petroleum Autumn lunch in 1999 when he was Chairman of Halliburton. A key passage from his speech was: That means by 2010 we will need on the order of an additional fifty million barrels a day. It suggested that he was fully aware of the issue of peak oil. A full text of the talk had been available on the website of the Institute of Petroleum, but has now been removed (wwww.petroleum.co.uk/speeches.htm). Nevertheless, further research did bring to light a printed version, dated 24.08.00, as follows: Dick Cheney: From the standpoint of the oil industry obviously- and I'll talk a little later on about gas- for over a hundred years we as an industry have had to deal with the pesky problem that once you find oil and pump it out of the ground you've got to turn around and find more or go out of business. Producing oil is obviously a self-depleting activity. Every year you've got to find and develop reserves equal to your output just to stand still, just to stay even. This is as true for companies as well in the broader

Kjell Aleklett

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing ofelectricity  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates how critical-peak pricing (CPP)affects households with different usage and income levels, with the goalof informing policy makers who are considering the implementation of CPPtariffs in the residential sector. Using a subset of data from theCalifornia Statewide Pricing Pilot of 2003-2004, average load changeduring summer events, annual percent bill change, and post-experimentsatisfaction ratings are calculated across six customer segments,categorized by historical usage and income levels. Findings show thathigh-use customers respond significantly more in kW reduction than dolow-use customers, while low-use customers save significantly more inpercentage reduction of annual electricity bills than do high-usecustomers results that challenge the strategy of targeting only high-usecustomers for CPP tariffs. Across income levels, average load and billchanges were statistically indistinguishable, as were satisfaction ratesresults that are compatible with a strategy of full-scale implementationof CPP rates in the residential sector. Finally, the high-use customersearning less than $50,000 annually were the most likely of the groups tosee bill increases about 5 percent saw bill increases of 10 percent ormore suggesting that any residential CPP implementation might considertargeting this customer group for increased energy efficiencyefforts.

Herter, Karen

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

314

Fracture Permeability Evolution in Desert Peak Quartz Monzonite  

SciTech Connect

Fracture flow experiments are being conducted on quartz monzonite core from the Desert Peak East EGS site, Churchill County, Nevada. The flow experiments are conducted at temperatures of 167-169 C and 5.5 MPa confining pressure through artificial fractures. Two injection fluids, a saline solution and a silica-bearing solution, have been used to date. Flow rates are typically 0.02 mL/min, but other rates have been used. The fracture surfaces are characterized with a contact profilometer. The profilometry data demonstrate that it is possible to fabricate statistically similar fracture surfaces and enable us to map aperture variations, which we use in numerical simulations. Effluent samples are collected for chemical analysis. The fluid pressure gradient is measured across the specimen and effective hydraulic apertures are calculated. The experiments show a reduction in permeability over time for both injection fluids, but a more rapid loss of permeability was observed for the silica-bearing solution. The calculated hydraulic aperture is observed to decrease by 17% for the saline solution and 75% for the silica-bearing fluid, respectively. Electrical resistivity measurements, which are sensitive to the ionic content of the pore fluid, provide additional evidence of fluid-rock interactions.

Carlson, S R; Roberts, J J; Detwiler, R L; Viani, B E; Roberts, S K

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Nuclear Hydrogen for Peak Electricity Production and Spinning Reserve  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear energy can be used to produce hydrogen. The key strategic question is this: ''What are the early markets for nuclear hydrogen?'' The answer determines (1) whether there are incentives to implement nuclear hydrogen technology today or whether the development of such a technology could be delayed by decades until a hydrogen economy has evolved, (2) the industrial partners required to develop such a technology, and (3) the technological requirements for the hydrogen production system (rate of production, steady-state or variable production, hydrogen purity, etc.). Understanding ''early'' markets for any new product is difficult because the customer may not even recognize that the product could exist. This study is an initial examination of how nuclear hydrogen could be used in two interconnected early markets: the production of electricity for peak and intermediate electrical loads and spinning reserve for the electrical grid. The study is intended to provide an initial description that can then be used to consult with potential customers (utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, etc.) to better determine the potential real-world viability of this early market for nuclear hydrogen and provide the starting point for a more definitive assessment of the concept. If this set of applications is economically viable, it offers several unique advantages: (1) the market is approximately equivalent in size to the existing nuclear electric enterprise in the United States, (2) the entire market is within the utility industry and does not require development of an external market for hydrogen or a significant hydrogen infrastructure beyond the utility site, (3) the technology and scale match those of nuclear hydrogen production, (4) the market exists today, and (5) the market is sufficient in size to justify development of nuclear hydrogen production techniques independent of the development of any other market for hydrogen. These characteristics make it an ideal early market for nuclear hydrogen.

Forsberg, C.W.

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050  

SciTech Connect

As a result of soaring energy demand from a staggering pace of economic growth and the related growth of energy-intensive industry, China overtook the United States to become the world's largest contributor to CO{sub 2} emissions in 2007. At the same time, China has taken serious actions to reduce its energy and carbon intensity by setting both short-term energy intensity reduction goal for 2006 to 2010 as well as long-term carbon intensity reduction goal for 2020. This study focuses on a China Energy Outlook through 2050 that assesses the role of energy efficiency policies in transitioning China to a lower emission trajectory and meeting its intensity reduction goals. In the past years, LBNL has established and significantly enhanced the China End-Use Energy Model based on the diffusion of end-use technologies and other physical drivers of energy demand. This model presents an important new approach for helping understand China's complex and dynamic drivers of energy consumption and implications of energy efficiency policies through scenario analysis. A baseline ('Continued Improvement Scenario') and an alternative energy efficiency scenario ('Accelerated Improvement Scenario') have been developed to assess the impact of actions already taken by the Chinese government as well as planned and potential actions, and to evaluate the potential for China to control energy demand growth and mitigate emissions. It is a common belief that China's CO{sub 2} emissions will continue to grow throughout this century and will dominate global emissions. The findings from this research suggest that this will not likely be the case because of saturation effects in appliances, residential and commercial floor area, roadways, railways, fertilizer use, and urbanization will peak around 2030 with slowing population growth. The baseline and alternative scenarios also demonstrate that the 2020 goals can be met and underscore the significant role that policy-driven energy efficiency improvements will play in carbon mitigation along with a decarbonized power supply through greater renewable and non-fossil fuel generation.

Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David G.; McNeil, Michael; Zheng, Nina; Ke, Jing; Levine, Mark

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Back-Up/ Peak Shaving Fuel Cell System  

SciTech Connect

This Final Report covers the work executed by Plug Power from 8/11/03 10/31/07 statement of work for Topic 2: advancing the state of the art of fuel cell technology with the development of a new generation of commercially viable, stationary, Back-up/Peak-Shaving fuel cell systems, the GenCore II. The Program cost was $7.2 M with the Department of Energy share being $3.6M and Plug Powers share being $3.6 M. The Program started in August of 2003 and was scheduled to end in January of 2006. The actual program end date was October of 2007. A no cost extension was grated. The Department of Energy barriers addressed as part of this program are: Technical Barriers for Distributed Generation Systems: o Durability o Power Electronics o Start up time Technical Barriers for Fuel Cell Components: o Stack Material and Manufacturing Cost o Durability o Thermal and water management Background The next generation GenCore backup fuel cell system to be designed, developed and tested by Plug Power under the program is the first, mass-manufacturable design implementation of Plug Powers GenCore architected platform targeted for battery and small generator replacement applications in the telecommunications, broadband and UPS markets. The next generation GenCore will be a standalone, H2 in-DC-out system. In designing the next generation GenCore specifically for the telecommunications market, Plug Power is teaming with BellSouth Telecommunications, Inc., a leading industry end user. The final next generation GenCore system is expected to represent a market-entry, mass-manufacturable and economically viable design. The technology will incorporate: A cost-reduced, polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell stack tailored to hydrogen fuel use An advanced electrical energy storage system A modular, scalable power conditioning system tailored to market requirements A scaled-down, cost-reduced balance of plant (BOP) Network Equipment Building Standards (NEBS), UL and CE certifications.

Staudt, Rhonda L.

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

318

Peak Tracking by Simultaneous Inversion: Toward a One-Step Acoustic Tomography Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of geophysical observing techniques, including ocean acoustic tomography, obtain sequences of records of which the observed relative maxima (peaks) are used to infer properties of the system via inversions. Traditionally, these peaks ...

Uwe Send

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Production of Hydrogen at the Forecourt Using Off-Peak Electricity: June 2005 (Milestone Report)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This milestone report provides information about the production of hydrogen at the forecourt using off-peak electricity as well as the Hydrogen Off-Peak Electricity (HOPE) model.

Levene, J. I.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

OG&E Uses Time-Based Rate Program to Reduce Peak Demand  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The VPP rates during the five-hour peak period vary daily depending on the cost of electricity. The VPP also includes a critical peak price (CPP) component that is...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Design and evaluation of seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system (SSHPESS) is a gigawatt-year hydrogen storage system which stores excess electricity produced as hydrogen during off-peak periods and consumes the stored hydrogen ...

Oloyede, Isaiah Olanrewaju

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Microsoft Word - BUGS_The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 15, 2010 DOENETL-20101406 Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource v1.0 ii DISCLAIMER This...

323

Freeze drying for gas chromatography stationary phase deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure relates to methods for deposition of gas chromatography (GC) stationary phases into chromatography columns, for example gas chromatography columns. A chromatographic medium is dissolved or suspended in a solvent to form a composition. The composition may be inserted into a chromatographic column. Alternatively, portions of the chromatographic column may be exposed or filled with the composition. The composition is permitted to solidify, and at least a portion of the solvent is removed by vacuum sublimation.

Sylwester, Alan P. (Livermore, CA)

2007-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

324

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 3 Chiral Separations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 3 Chiral Separations Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Chiral Separations from ...

325

Preparing for the Peak: Energy Security and Atlantic Canada 1 Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

region that will be particularly vulnerable to peak oil, since almost all of the region's oil is imported is destined for markets outside the region. This paper examines some of the potential impacts of peak oil the reliance on refined petroleum products for space heating and transportation. When peak oil production

Hughes, Larry

326

Peak production in an oil depletion model with triangular field profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak production in an oil depletion model with triangular field profiles Dudley Stark School;1 Introduction M. King Hubbert [5] used curve fitting to predict that the peak of oil produc- tion in the U.S.A. would occur between 1965 and 1970. Oil production in the U.S.A. actually peaked in 1970 and has been

Stark, Dudley

327

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Future world oil production: growth, plateau, or peak?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Future world oil production: growth, plateau, or peak considers how long world oil production can continue to grow or if it will eventually plateau or peak and then decline. The paper concludes with the observation that whether peak oil has already occurred

Ito, Garrett

328

Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

74 78 Peak + Methylated Oil 0.75 oz + 1 pt 78 88 93 1) WAT = Weeks after treatment application. #12Result Demonstration Report Pigweed Control in Grain Sorghum Using Peak. 1996 to 1999 Brent Bean Summary Studies were conducted from 1996 to 1999 to evaluate pigweed control in grain sorghum using Peak

Mukhtar, Saqib

329

Implications of ``peak oil'' for atmospheric CO2 and climate Pushker A. Kharecha1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implications of ``peak oil'' for atmospheric CO2 and climate Pushker A. Kharecha1 and James E environments. If conventional oil production peaks within the next few decades, it may have a large effect., and J. E. Hansen (2008), Implications of ``peak oil'' for atmospheric CO2 and climate, Global Biogeochem

330

LC-IMS-MS Feature Finder: Detecting Multidimensional Liquid Chromatography, Ion Mobility, and Mass Spectrometry Features in Complex Datasets  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a command line software application LC-IMS-MS Feature Finder that searches for molecular ion signatures in multidimensional liquid chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry (LC-IMS-MS) data by clustering deisotoped peaks with similar monoisotopic mass, charge state, LC elution time, and ion mobility drift time values. The software application includes an algorithm for detecting and quantifying co-eluting chemical species, including species that exist in multiple conformations that may have been separated in the IMS dimension.

Crowell, Kevin L.; Slysz, Gordon W.; Baker, Erin Shammel; Lamarche, Brian L.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Ibrahim, Yehia M.; Payne, Samuel H.; Anderson, Gordon A.; Smith, Richard D.

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

331

Method to study fracture fluid polymer degradation using size exclusion chromatography. [Size exclusion chromatography  

SciTech Connect

A Size Exclusion Chromatography system is described which can be used to study conditions affecting the degradation of fracturing fluid polymers. In general, the effects of breaker type and concentration, temperature, and other additives to the fracturing fluid system can be monitored using this technique. Identification of effective conditions for polymer degradation may result in better design of fracturing fluids in order to minimize fracture and formation damage. 18 references, 20 figures, 6 tables.

Gall, B.L.; Raible, C.J.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 11 Thin-layer Chromatography with Direct Mass Spectrometric Analyte Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 11 Thin-layer Chromatography with Direct Mass Spectrometric Analyte Detection Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books 04CB35E30FA9A40A756B0EB2011A879E AOCS Press

333

Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Impact of Smart Grid Technologies on Peak Load to 2050 Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Deployment Data Website: www.iea.org/papers/2011/smart_grid_peak_load.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/impact-smart-grid-technologies-peak-l Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: Cost Recovery/Allocation This working paper analyses the evolution of peak load demand to 2050 in four key regions: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

334

Offset-free rail-to-rail derandomizing peak detect-and-hold circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A peak detect-and-hold circuit eliminates errors introduced by conventional amplifiers, such as common-mode rejection and input voltage offset. The circuit includes an amplifier, three switches, a transistor, and a capacitor. During a detect-and-hold phase, a hold voltage at a non-inverting in put terminal of the amplifier tracks an input voltage signal and when a peak is reached, the transistor is switched off, thereby storing a peak voltage in the capacitor. During a readout phase, the circuit functions as a unity gain buffer, in which the voltage stored in the capacitor is provided as an output voltage. The circuit is able to sense signals rail-to-rail and can readily be modified to sense positive, negative, or peak-to-peak voltages. Derandomization may be achieved by using a plurality of peak detect-and-hold circuits electrically connected in parallel.

DeGeronimo, Gianluigi (Nesconset, NY); O'Connor, Paul (Bellport, NY); Kandasamy, Anand (Coram, NY)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Influence of Air Conditioner Operation on Electricity Use and Peak Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity demand due to occupant controlled room air conditioners in a large mater-metered apartment building is analyzed. Hourly data on the electric demand of the building and of individual air conditioners are used in analyses of annual and time-of-day peaks. Effects of occupant schedules and behavior are examined. We conclude that room air conditioners cause a sharp annual peak demand because occupants have strongly varying thresholds with respect to toleration of high indoor temperatures. However, time-or-day peaking is smoothed by air conditioning in this building due to significant off-peak operation of air conditioners by some occupants. If occupants were billed directly for electricity, off-peak use would probably diminish making the peaks more pronounced and exacerbating the utility company's load management problems. Future studies of this type in individually metered apartment buildings are recommended.

McGarity, A. E.; Feuermann, D.; Kempton, W.; Norford, L. K.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The role of building technologies in reducing and controlling peak electricity demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power in real time (costs per kWh at time of system peak canto large increases in marginal costs per kWh, because of the

Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Pressure Temperature Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Silver Peak Area Exploration Technique Pressure Temperature Log Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pressure_Temperature_Log_At_Silver_Peak_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=511053" Categories: Exploration Activities

338

What Goes Up Must Come Down? An Economic Analysis of Peak Oil ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While world oil production and reserves have been increasing since 1859, peak oil analysts claim that production is on the cusp of a period of sustained decline. I first subject the peak oil model to a number of robustness tests. The peak oil assumption of a linear relationship between the ratio of production to cumulative production and cumulative production is rejected using data from different regions, time periods, and commodities. The peak oil model predicts a single peak in discoveries, followed by peak in proved reserves, then a peak in production. Yet, world discoveries have had four distinct peaks since 1950, and world proved reserves have continued to rise. Second, I derive an economic model of oil supply in which scarcity occurs both in total reserves and in the quality of those reserves. Depletion raises drilling costs and reduces the size of undiscovered pools. Technological change driven by learning-by-doing offsets Ricardian depletion effects. The peak oil predictions are shown to be a special case of the more general model.

John R. Boyce; I Thank Scott Taylor; Linda Nstbakken For Allowing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's...

340

A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building simulation, Energy use, Peak electricity demand, Typical meteorological year, Weather data Abstract Buildings consume more than one third of the world's total primary...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Thermal Gradient Holes At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Gradient Holes At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location...

342

Thermal And-Or Near Infrared At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal And-Or Near Infrared At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details...

343

Natural gas consumption has two peaks each year - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Consumption of natural gas is seasonal, with consumption patterns among end-use sectors highly driven by weather. Total natural gas consumption peaks during the ...

344

The role of building technologies in reducing and controlling peak electricity demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND Jonathan Koomey* andData to Improve Electricity Demand ForecastsFinal Report.further research. Electricity demand varies constantly. At

Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard E.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A new approach for modeling the peak utility impacts from a proposed CUAC standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an October-peaking load profile, rather than a more credibleof the space cooling load profiles for the months ofcommercial space cooling load profile for ECAR. This figure

LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris; Chan, Peter; Coughlin, Katie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Food production after peak oil| Oregon's Willamette river basin as a bioregional case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Agriculture will experience radical new challenges in the next forty years. Peak oil, which is likely to occur before 2020, will result in potentially (more)

Hruska, Tracy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Investigation of Peak Load Reduction Strategies in Residential Buildings in Cooling Dominated Climates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This investigation of peak load reduction strategies in residential buildings contributes to the global international efforts in reducing energy consumption and is related directly to (more)

Atallah, Fady

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical production, but electrolysis can take advantage of low electricity prices during off-peak hours, as well as intermittent and de million tonnes per year by 2023. In Alberta alone, oil sands development is requiring huge quantities

Naterer, Greg F.

349

Power consumption scheduling for peak load reduction in smart grid homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a design and evaluates the performance of a power consumption scheduler in smart grid homes, aiming at reducing the peak load in individual homes as well as in the system-wide power transmission network. Following the task model consist ... Keywords: execution time, home controller, peak load reduction, power schedule, smart grid

Junghoon Lee; Gyung-Leen Park; Sang-Wook Kim; Hye-Jin Kim; Chang Oan Sung

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Distributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Battery Control to Improve Peak Power Shaving Efficiency in Data Centers Baris Aksanli, Eddie Pettis and Tajana S. Rosing UCSD, Google Stored energy in batteries can be used to cap peak power.8% 99% 91.5% 84% Battery Configuration StudyBattery Configuration Study Goal: Improve the overall

Simunic, Tajana

351

A Technique to Reduce Peak Current and Average Power Dissipation in Scan Designs by Limited Capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a technique that can efficiently reduce peak and average switching activity during test application is proposed. The proposed method does not require any specific clock tree construction, special scan cells, or scan chain reordering. Test ... Keywords: ATPG, peak current reduction, average power dissipation, scan designs, clock tree construction, special scan cells, scan chain reordering

Seongmoon Wang; Wenlong Wei

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Weak lensing mass map and peak statistics in CFHT/Stripe82 survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the weak lensing mass map of the 173 tiles Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Stripe82 Survey (CS82) with the effective area ~124 square degrees and study the peak statistics, including peak abundance, correlation functions and tangential-shear profile of peaks with the mass map. We find that (1) peak abundance detected in CS82 are consistent with predictions from a Lambda-CDM cosmological model, once noise effects are properly included; (2) correlation function of peaks with different signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) can be well fitted with power laws. Combining with the SDSS-III/Constant Mass (CMASS) galaxies, the cross-correlation between CMASS galaxies and high SNR peaks can be well-fitted with a power law; (3) the tangential shear profiles of the peaks increase with SNR. We concentrate on fitting spherical models to the tangential profiles with both singular isothermal sphere (SIS) and Navarro Frenk & White (NFW) models. For the high SNR peaks, the SIS model is rejected at ~3-sigma. Comparing the D...

Shan, HuanYuan; Comparat, Johan; Jullo, Eric; Charbonnier, Aldee; Erben, Thomas; Makler, Martin; Moraes, Bruno; Van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Courbin, Frederic; Meylan, George; Tao, Charling; Taylor, James E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) InSAR At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique InSAR Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes InSAR Ground Displacement Analysis, Gary Oppliger and Mark Coolbaugh. This project supports increased utilization of geothermal resources in the Western United States by developing basic measurements and interpretations that will assist reservoir management and expansion at Bradys, Desert Peak and the Desert Peak EGS study area (80 km NE of Reno, Nevada) and will serve as a technology template for other geothermal fields. Raw format European Space Agency (ESA) ERS 1/2 satellite synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) radar scenes acquired from 1992 through 2002 are being processed to

354

Peak Power Reduction Strategies for the Lighting Systems in Government Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lighting systems are the second major contributor to the peak power demand and energy consumption in buildings after A/C systems. They account for nearly 20% of the peak power demand and 15% of the annual energy consumption. Thus energy efficient lighting systems and their smart operation can be very effective in reducing the national peak power and energy consumption, particularly for a country like Kuwait where power demand grew from 6750 MW in 2001 to 9075 MW in 2007 (MEW, 2002- 2008). This paper presents an approach developed to reduce the peak power demand in the lighting. The approach included optimum use of daylight, time of day control and delamping. The implementation of this approach for eight government buildings with occupancy of between 7:30 and 2:30 and peak power demand of 29.3 MW achieved a reduction of 2 MW in the peak power demand (around 7%). More importantly this 7% in peak load reduction and 10,628 MWh reduction in the annual energy consumption was achieved without any added cost. Also, the paper includes recommendations for retrofitting cost effective energy efficient lighting systems and implementation of more effective control.

Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 6 Silver-ion High-performance Liquid ChromatographyMass Spectrometry in the Analysis of Lipids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 6 Silver-ion High-performance Liquid ChromatographyMass Spectrometry in the Analysis of Lipids Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books Downloadable pdf...

356

Generation of high peak power pulse using 2 stage erbium-doped fiber amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the results obtained from generation of high repetition rate, high power output pulse using an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). Two stage amplification was employed. The first stage setup used 980nm pump laser to pump erbium-doped fiber. For the second stage, two 1480nm pump lasers were used to pump erbium-doped fiber in both forward and backward propagating direction. The signal laser was modulated to produce pulses with high repetition rate high peak power. The first stage produced pulse peak power of 2.52W. The overall output peak power, which is produced by the first and second stage, is 16W.

Lee, Kyung-Woo

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Permanent Peak Load Shift Product Deployment for Smart Grid Integration and Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project tested and evaluated an innovative energy storage technology that provides permanent peak load shifting using electro-thermal energy storage in combination with commercial unitary rooftop air conditioning systems. Four Ice Bear 30 units were deployed at a Staples facility to store an estimated 32 kWh each of energy in 10 off-peak hours and reduce an estimated 5 kW of site energy demand for an on-peak six-hour period. The Ice Bear units are monitored and controlled with a smart grid ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

COLL-C 103: Critical Approaches to the Arts & Sciences, Fall 2012 TOPIC: Pleasure, Pain, and Peak Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Pressing environmental issues such as peak oil and climate change may well bring a radical reevaluation to peak oil and related challenges mean turning our backs on progress? Do peak oil prophets paint. Peak Oil: A Crash Course Week 1. T: Introduction to course themes R: "The End of Cheap Energy

Indiana University

359

New Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: New Methods In Exploration At The Socorro Peak Kgra- A Gred Iii Project Details Activities (6) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology is investigating a Known Geothermal Resource Area in Socorro NM in attempts at locating a low temperature (65-100 °C) geothermal reservoir for direct-use heating on campus. The KGRA is positioned near the Socorro Peak mountain block, a Basin and Range normal-fault terrain superimposed by an Oligocene caldera margin. Preexisting evidence of this geothermal resource includes heat gradients upwards of 490mW/m2 from thermal-gradient wells, tepid spring

360

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 63: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak 3: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona EA-1863: Vegetation Management on the Glen Canyon-Pinnacle Peak Transmission Lines Spanning the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of updating the vegetation management and right-of-way maintenance program for Western's Glen Canyon to Pinnacle Peak 345-kV transmission lines, which cross the Coconino National Forest, Coconino County, Arizona. For more information on this EA, contact: Ms. Linette King at: lking@wapa.gov. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

362

Peak Demand Reduction from Pre-Cooling with Zone Temperature Reset in an Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Building Thermal Mass to Offset Cooling Loads. ASHRAEThe Role of Thermal Mass on the Cooling Load of Buildings.to reduce peak cooling loads with thermal mass control.

Xu, Peng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Peak demand reduction from pre-cooling with zone temperature reset in an office building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Building Thermal Mass to Offset Cooling Loads. ASHRAEThe Role of Thermal Mass on the Cooling Load of Buildings.to reduce peak cooling loads with thermal mass control.

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Braun, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Peak ground velocity evaluation by artificial neural network for west america region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the Peak Ground Velocity 283 records in three dimensions, the velocity attenuation relationship with distance was discussed by neural network in this paper. The earthquake magnitude, epicenter distance, site intensity and site condition were considered ...

Ben-yu Liu; Liao-yuan Ye; Mei-ling Xiao; Sheng Miao

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Discovery and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field: a case history. Bulletin 97  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A case history of the exploration, development (through 1980), and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field is presented. Sections on geochemistry, geophysics, and temperature-gradient drilling are included.

Benoit, W.R.; Hiner, J.E.; Forest, R.T.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Climatic-related Evaluations of the Summer Peak-Hours' Electric Load in Israel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interrelationship between the Summer peak electric load in Israel and pertinent meteorological parameters, including the commonly used outdoor biometeorological comfort index, is evaluated conceptually and statistically. Linear regression ...

M. Segal; H. Shafir; M. Mandel; P. Alpert; Y. Balmor

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Photonic bandgap fibers for transmitting high peak-power pulses in the near infrared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers (PBG) offer the opportunity to suppress highly the optical absorption and nonlinearities of their constituent materials, which makes them viable candidates for transmitting high-peak ...

Ruff, Zachary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Polymer-composite fibers for transmitting high peak power pulses at 1.55 microns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers (PBG) offer the opportunity to suppress highly the optical absorption and nonlinearities of their constituent materials, which makes them viable candidates for transmitting high-peak ...

Ruff, Zachary

370

On The Portents of Peak Oil (And Other Indicators of Resource Scarcity)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although economists have studied various indicators of resource scarcity (e.g., unit cost, resource rent, and market price), the phenomenon of peaking has largely been ignored due to its connection to non-economic theories ...

Smith, James L.

371

Exploring Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Earth Highpoint Attachment Geography by Peak Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study applied remotely sensed cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning strike location data, a digital elevation model (DEM), and a geographic information system (GIS) to characterize negative polarity peak current CG lightning Earth attachment ...

Brandon J. Vogt

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

BATSE Observations of Gamma-Ray Burst Spectra. II. Peak Energy Evolution in Bright, Long Bursts -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate spectral evolution in 37 bright, long gamma-ray bursts observed with the BATSE Spectroscopy Detectors. High resolution spectra are characterized by the energy of the peak of \

L. A. Ford; D. L. Band; J. L. Matteson; M. S. Briggs; G. N. Pendleton; R. D. Preece; W. S. Paciesas; B. J. Teegarden; D. M. Palmer; B. E. Schaefer; T. L. Cline; G. J. Fishman; C. Kouveliotou; C. A. Meegan; R. B. Wilson; J. P. Lestrade

1994-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Complexity of Manipulative Attacks in Nearly Single-Peaked Electorates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many electoral bribery, control, and manipulation problems (which we will refer to in general as "manipulative actions" problems) are NP-hard in the general case. It has recently been noted that many of these problems fall into polynomial time if the electorate is single-peaked (i.e., is polarized along some axis/issue). However, real-world electorates are not truly single-peaked. There are usually some mavericks, and so real-world electorates tend to merely be nearly single-peaked. This paper studies the complexity of manipulative-action algorithms for elections over nearly single-peaked electorates, for various notions of nearness and various election systems. We provide instances where even one maverick jumps the manipulative-action complexity up to $\

Faliszewski, Piotr; Hemaspaandra, Lane A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Monitoring System Used to Identify, Track and Allocate Peak Demand Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1994, Thomson Consumer Electronics (RCA) purchased a UtiliTRACK Monitoring System for a plant in Indianapolis, Indiana primarily to allow utility costs to be billed to individual departments within Thomson as well as to outside organizations leasing space on the site. The most common way to distribute monthly electric costs within a facility when consumption by area or department is available through submetering or other means, is to apply the average cost per KWH from the utility bill to the individual consumption figures. Thomson initially used the data from the UtiliTRACK System in this way. As the plant engineer worked with system data on a daily basis and began to develop a much better understanding of the plant's electrical profile, it was clear that the percentage contribution by department or area to the plant's peak demand was not the same as that assigned based solely upon consumption. With a monthly peak exceeding 8 MW and peak demand charges accounting for more than 60% of the monthly electric bill, he realized that to be accurate and fair, costs must be allocated based both on consumption and peak demand. He asked UtiliTRACK to develop a method for tracking and allocating peak demand costs. The resulting software continuously tracks the total plant demand (the sum of 3 utility meters) and records the contribution of each monitored point at the time the peak occurs. The resulting reports and graphs not only enable the owner to accurately allocate peak demand costs but also provide a means for tracking and managing peaks on a continuous basis.

Holmes, W. A.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Peaks and Valleys: Experimental asset markets with non-monotonic fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of an experiment designed to measure how well asset market prices track fundamentals when the latter experience peaks and troughs. We observe greater price efficiency in markets in which fundamentals rise to a peak and then decline, than in markets in which fundamentals decline to a trough and undergo a subsequent increase. The findings demonstrate that the characteristics of the time path of the fundamental value can influence the degree of market efficiency. I.

Charles N. Noussair; Owen Powell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

August 2010On The Portents of Peak Oil (And Other Indicators of Resource Scarcity)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although economists have studied various indicators of resource scarcity (e.g., unit cost, resource rent, and market price), the phenomenon of peaking has largely been ignored due to its connection to non-economic theories of resource exhaustion (the Hubbert Curve). I take a somewhat different view, one that interprets peaking as a reflection of fundamental economic determinants of an intertemporal equilibrium. From that perspective, it is reasonable to ask whether the occurrence and timing of the peak reveals anything useful regarding the state of resource exhaustion. Accordingly, I examine peaking as an indicator of resource scarcity and compare its performance to the traditional economic indicators. I find the phenomenon of peaking to be an ambiguous indicator, at best. If someone announced that the peak would arrive earlier than expected, and you believed them, you would not know whether the news was good or bad. Unfortunately, the traditional economic indicators fare no better. Their movements are driven partially by long-term trends unrelated to changes in scarcity, and partially but inconsistently driven by actual changes in scarcity. Thus, the traditional indicators provide a signal that is garbled and unreliable.

James L. Smith; Dr. James; L. Smith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

DEVELOPMENT OF ION CHROMATOGRAPHY METHODS TO SUPPORT TESTING OF THE GLYCOLIC ACID REDUCTANT FLOWSHEET IN THE DEFENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

Ion Chromatography (IC) is the principal analytical method used to support studies of Sludge Reciept and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) chemistry at DWPF. A series of prior analytical ?Round Robin? (RR) studies included both supernate and sludge samples from SRAT simulant, previously reported as memos, are tabulated in this report.2,3 From these studies it was determined to standardize IC column size to 4 mm diameter, eliminating the capillary column from use. As a follow on test, the DWPF laboratory, the PSAL laboratory, and the AD laboratory participated in the current analytical RR to determine a suite of anions in SRAT simulant by IC, results also are tabulated in this report. The particular goal was to confirm the laboratories ability to measure and quantitate glycolate ion. The target was + or ? 20% inter-lab agreement of the analyte averages for the RR. Each of the three laboratories analyzed a batch of 12 samples. For each laboratory, the percent relative standard deviation (%RSD) of the averages on nitrate, glycolate, and oxalate, was 10% or less. The three laboratories all met the goal of 20% relative agreement for nitrate and glycolate. For oxalate, the PSAL laboratory reported an average value that was 20% higher than the average values reported by the DWPF laboratory and the AD laboratory. Because of this wider window of agreement, it was concluded to continue the practice of an additional acid digestion for total oxalate measurement. It should also be noted that large amounts of glycolate in the SRAT samples will have an impact on detection limits of near eluting peaks, namely Fluoride and Formate. A suite of scoping experiments are presented in the report to identify and isolate other potential interlaboratory disceprancies. Specific ion chromatography inter-laboratory method conditions and differences are tabulated. Most differences were minor but there are some temperature control equipment differences that are significant leading to a recommendation of a heated jacket for analytical columns that are remoted for use in radiohoods. A suggested method improvement would be to implement column temperture control at a temperature slightly above ambient to avoid peak shifting due to temperature fluctuations. Temperature control in this manner would improve short and longer term peak retention time stability. An unknown peak was observed during the analysis of glycolic acid and SRAT simulant. The unknown peak was determined to best match diglycolic acid. The development of a method for acetate is summaraized, and no significant amount of acetate was observed in the SRAT products tested. In addition, an alternative Gas Chromatograph (GC) method for glycolate is summarized.

Wiedenman, B.; White, T.; Mahannah, R.; Best, D.; Stone, M.; Click, D.; Lambert, D.; Coleman, C.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Evaluation of Travis Peak gas reservoirs, west margin of the East Texas Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas production from low-permeability (tight) gas sandstones is increasingly important in the USA as conventional gas reservoirs are being depleted, and its importance will increase worldwide in future decades. Travis Peak tight sandstones have produced gas since the 1940s. In this study, well log, 2D seismic, core, and production data were used to evaluate the geologic setting and reservoir characteristics of the Travis Peak formation. The primary objective was to assess the potential for basinward extension of Travis Peak gas production along the west margin of the East Texas Basin. Along the west margin of the East Texas Basin, southeast-trending Travis Peak sandstones belts were deposited by the Ancestral Red River fluvial-deltaic system. The sandstones are fine-grained, moderately well sorted, subangular to subrounded, quartz arenites and subarkoses; reservoir quality decreases with depth, primarily due to diagenetic quartz overgrowths. Evaluation of drilling mud densities suggests that strata deeper than 12,500 ft may be overpressured. Assessment of the geothermal gradient (1.6 F/100 ft) indicates that overpressure may be relict, resulting from hydrocarbon generation by Smackover and Bossier formation potential source rocks. In the study area, Travis Peak cumulative gas production was 1.43 trillion cubic feet from January 1, 1961, through December 31, 2005. Mean daily gas production from 923 wells was 925,000 cubic ft/well/day, during the best year of production. The number of Travis Peak gas wells in high-cost (tight sandstone) fields increased from 18 in the decade 1966-75 to 333 in the decade 1996-2005, when high-cost fields accounted for 33.2% of the Travis Peak gas production. However, 2005 gas production from high cost fields accounted for 63.2% of the Travis Peak total production, indicating that production from high-cost gas wells has increased markedly. Along the west margin of the East Texas Basin, hydrocarbon occurs in structural, stratigraphic, and combination traps associated with salt deformation. Downdip extension of Travis Peak production will depend on the (1) burial history and diagenesis, (2) reservoir sedimentary facies, and (3) structural setting. Potential Travis Peak hydrocarbon plays include: updip pinch-outs of sandstones; sandstone pinch-outs at margins of salt-withdrawal basins; domal traps above salt structures; and deepwater sands.

Li, Yamin

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Micro-polarimeter for high performance liquid chromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A micro-polarimeter interfaced with a system for high performance liquid chromatography, for quantitatively analyzing micro and trace amounts of optically active organic molecules, particularly carbohydrates. A flow cell with a narrow bore is connected to a high performance liquid chromatography system. Thin, low birefringence cell windows cover opposite ends of the bore. A focused and polarized laser beam is directed along the longitudinal axis of the bore as an eluent containing the organic molecules is pumped through the cell. The beam is modulated by air gap Faraday rotators for phase sensitive detection to enhance the signal to noise ratio. An analyzer records the beams's direction of polarization after it passes through the cell. Calibration of the liquid chromatography system allows determination of the quantity of organic molecules present from a determination of the degree to which the polarized beam is rotated when it passes through the eluent.

Yeung, Edward E. (Ames, IA); Steenhoek, Larry E. (Wilmington, DE); Woodruff, Steven D. (Morgantown, WV); Kuo, Jeng-Chung (Skokie, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

CRC handbook of chromatography: Nucleic acids and related compounds  

SciTech Connect

This book's contents include: Structure Elucidation of Nucleic Acid Components; Fundamentals of HPLC; Analysis of Nucleic Acids and Oligonucleotides; Extraction of Nucleic Acids from Tissues; Gel Filtration Chromatography of RNAs and DNS Fragments; Separation of tRNAs and Oligonucleotides by Mixed Mode Chromatography; Anion-Exchange and Reversed-Phase HPLC of Synthetic Oligonucleotides; Nucleic Acid Components in Biological Fluids; RPLC Separation of RNA and DNA Hydrolysates; Nucleotides in Tissue Extracts; and Determination of Adenine Nucleotides and Creatine Phosphate in Various Mammalian Tissues.

Krstulovic, A.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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381

Association for the Study of Peak Oil & Gas South Africa www.aspo.org.za Peak Oil and South Africa: Impacts and Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Senior Lecturer, School of Economics, University of Cape Town. This paper draws in places on two previous papers (see Wakeford, 2006a and 2006b). I would like to thank Rodger Duffet, Michael de Wit, Lisa Kane and Jacqui Wakeford for providing helpful comments on earlier drafts. Any remaining errors or omissions are my sole responsibility. Please note that this paper is a work-in-progress; this version supersedes all previous versions of the paper. ASPO-SA: Guiding South Africa through Peak Oil to a Sustainable FutureContents

Jeremy Wakeford

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Micro-Earthquake At Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Desert Peak Geothermal Area Desert Peak Geothermal Area (2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Micro-Earthquake Activity Date 2011 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine seismicity before and after reservoir stimulation for EGS Notes The overall goal is to gather high resolution seismicity data before, during and after stimulation activities at the EGS projects. This will include both surface and borehole deployments (as necessary in available boreholes) to provide high quality seismic data for improved processing and interpretation methodologies. This will allow the development and testing of seismic methods for understanding the performance of the EGS systems, as well as aid in developing induced seismicity mitigation techniques that can

383

Have we run out of oil yet? Oil Peaking analysis from an optimist's perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 (2006) 515-531 Have we run out of oil yet? Oil peaking analysis from an optimist's perspective $ David L. Greene à , Janet L. Hopson, Jia Li Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Transportation Research Center, University of Tennessee, 2360 Cherahala Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37932, USA Available online 27 December 2005 Abstract This study addresses several questions concerning the peaking of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range of uncertainty? What are the key determining factors? Will a transition to unconventional oil undermine or strengthen OPEC's influence over world oil markets? These issues are explored using a model combining alternative world energy scenarios with an accounting of resource depletion and a market-based simulation of transition to unconventional oil resources. No political or

384

Estimating coal production peak and trends of coal imports in China  

SciTech Connect

More than 20 countries in the world have already reached a maximum capacity in their coal production (peak coal production) such as Japan, the United Kingdom and Germany. China, home to the third largest coal reserves in the world, is the world's largest coal producer and consumer, making it part of the Big Six. At present, however, China's coal production has not yet reached its peak. In this article, logistic curves and Gaussian curves are used to predict China's coal peak and the results show that it will be between the late 2020s and the early 2030s. Based on the predictions of coal production and consumption, China's net coal import could be estimated for coming years. This article also analyzes the impact of China's net coal import on the international coal market, especially the Asian market, and on China's economic development and energy security. 16 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Bo-qiang Lin; Jiang-hua Liu [Xiamen University, Xiamen (China). China Center for Energy Economics Research (CCEER)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

EVIDENCE FOR POLAR X-RAY JETS AS SOURCES OF MICROSTREAM PEAKS IN THE SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is proposed that the interplanetary manifestations of X-ray jets observed in solar polar coronal holes during periods of low solar activity are the peaks of the so-called microstreams observed in the fast polar solar wind. These microstreams exhibit velocity fluctuations of {+-}35 km s{sup -1}, higher kinetic temperatures, slightly higher proton fluxes, and slightly higher abundances of the low-first-ionization-potential element iron relative to oxygen ions than the average polar wind. Those properties can all be explained if the fast microstreams result from the magnetic reconnection of bright-point loops, which leads to X-ray jets which, in turn, result in solar polar plumes. Because most of the microstream peaks are bounded by discontinuities of solar origin, jets are favored over plumes for the majority of the microstream peaks.

Neugebauer, Marcia, E-mail: mneugeb@lpl.arizona.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

New Peak Moisture Design Data in the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 26 of the 1997 edition of the Handbook of Fundamentals published by ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers) contains climatic design data that has been completely revised, recalculated and expanded. Designers of air conditioning systems for hot and humid climates will be pleased to note that, for the first time, the chapter contains values for peak moisture conditions. This is in sharp contrast to older editions, which contained only the average moisture during periods of peak dry bulb temperatures. The new data show that using earlier, temperature-based data for humidity design underestimates the true peak moisture loads by 30 to 50% depending on the humidity control level in the space. This paper explains the new data elements and suggests some of its potential implications for engineers designing air conditioning systems for hot and humid climates.

Harriman, L.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Peak pressures from hydrogen deflagrations in the PFP thermal stabilization glovebox  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes the calculations of the peak pressures due to hydrogen deflagrations in the glovebox used for thermal stabilization (glovebox HC-21A) in PFP. Two calculations were performed. The first considered the burning of hydrogen released from a 7 inch Pu can in the Inert Atmosphere Confinement (IAC) section of the glovebox. The peak pressure increase was 12400 Pa (1.8 psi). The second calculation considered burning of the hydrogen from 25 g of plutonium hydride in the airlock leading to the main portion of the glovebox. Since the glovebox door exposes most of the airlock when open, the deflagration was assumed to pressurize the entire glovebox. The peak pressure increase was 3860 Pa (0.56 psi).

Van Keuren, J.C.

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

388

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Core Analysis At Desert Peak Area (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Desert Peak Area Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Remote Sensing for Exploration and Mapping of Geothermal Resources, Wendy Calvin, 2005. Task 1: Detailed analysis of hyperspectral imagery obtained in summer of 2003 over Brady's Hot Springs region was completed and validated (Figure 1). This analysis provided a local map of both sinter and tufa deposits surrounding the Ormat plant, identified fault extensions not previously recognized from field mapping and has helped constrain where to put additional wells that were drilled at the site. Task 2: Initial analysis of Landsat and ASTER data for Buffalo Valley and Pyramid Lake was

389

Coproduction of peaking fuels in IGCC power plants: a process-screening study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluated and compared various options for processing a portion of the medium BTU gas (MBG) produced in a coal gasification combined cycle (GCC) power plant to produce a fuel which might be suitable for peaking or intermediate load use. Two alternate objectives were investigated in separate phases of the study. The first phase examined options for processing and storing a fuel which could be withdrawn and used in absorbing daily load swings in power generation demand. The second phase investigated options for meeting the seasonal peaks in gas demand of a joint gas/electric utility by converting a portion of the MBG to substitute natural gas (SNG) during the months of peak gas demand. For each phase, process designs and cost estimates were completed for several cases, based on both Texaco and BGC-Lurgi Slagging Gasification Technology. For the purposes of this screening study, it was assumed that the peaking fuel production facilities are incremental to the base GCC plant. The costs to produce and store the peaking fuel, excluding the cost of the MBG feed, were calculated by the revenue requirement method. Various sensitivities were evaluated on case assumptions, including a sensitivity to MBG feed value. For daily peaking use, the co-production of methanol and electricity by the ''once-through'' scheme (as studied in EPRI Report AP-2212) proved the most attractive option. Other options which produced gaseous fuels (hydrogen or SNG) for on-site storage were at least 30% more costly. Storage of SNG in an existing natural gas pipeline system was at least 10% higher, excluding pipeline charges. For seasonal SNG production there was little difference between the options studied, within the accuracy of the estimates. 13 refs., 72 tabs.

Shenoy, T.A.; Solomon, J.; O'Brien, V.J.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Sequence Stratigraphy and Detrital Zircon Geochronology of the Swan Peak Quartzite, Southeastern Idaho  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The supermature Middle-Late Ordovician Swan Peak quartz arenite was deposited on the western Laurentia passive margin and is very fine to fine grained, well-rounded, well-sorted, and silica-cemented. Laurentia was positioned over the equator during the Middle-Late Ordovician, suggesting that basement rock along the Transcontinental Arch was intensely eroded in a humid climate to produce this and other coeval quartz arenites. To determine provenance for the Swan Peak Quartzite, zircon grains were analyzed using LA-ICP-MS and the results were constrained within a sequence stratigraphic framework. Depositional environments of the Swan Peak Quartzite record an offshore-to-onshore transition with five facies (A-E). Facies A only occurs at the base of the Bear Lake section and may record an incised valley or localized embayment. It is the deepest water facies in the succession containing shale and quartz arenite interbeds. Facies B through E are interpreted as lower, middle, upper shoreface/foreshore depositional environments, respectively, based on primary sedimentary structures and bioturbation. Detrital zircon age spectra of the Swan Peak Quartzite have four distinct populations: the two main populations are at 1.8 - 2.0 Ga (Paleoproterozoic) and between 2.5 - 3.0 Ga (Archean), with a smaller, but persistent, population at 2.0 - 2.1 Ga, and a very minor 0.8 - 1.2 Ga (Mesoproterozoic) population occurring mainly in the tops of the measured sections. The base of each section has a larger Archean peak whereas the top of each section is predominantly Paleoproterozoic grains. Zircon data have overlap and similarity values ranging between 0.531 - 0.771 and 0.506 - 0.881, respectively, which indicates zircon age spectra of the Swan Peak Quartzite is similar to other Cordilleran Ordovician quartzites and that recycling of heterogeneous underlying sedimentary rocks was minimal. The Wyoming Craton (2.5 - 2.8 Ga) and the Trans-Hudson Orogen (1.8 - 2.0 Ga) provinces near the paleoequator likely provided the majority of zircons in the Swan Peak Quartzite. The source for the 2.0 - 2.1 Ga grains is currently unknown and the 0.8 - 1.2 Ga grains are interpreted to reflect Mesoproterozoic Laurentian tectonism. Sediment input varied in response to sea level fluctuations. Longshore transport was likely an important process in redistributing grains along the coastline during later deposition of the Swan Peak Quartzite.

Wulf, Tracy David

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electrical Energy Conservation and Peak Demand Reduction Potential for Buildings in Texas: Preliminary Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary results of a study of electrical energy conservation and peak demand reduction potential for the building sector in Texas. Starting from 1980 building stocks and energy use characteristics, technical conservation potentials were calculated relative to frozen energy efficiency stock growth over the 1980-2000 period. The application of conservation supply methodology to Texas utilities is outlined, and then the energy use and peak demand savings, and their associated costs, are calculated using a prototypical building technique. Representative results are presented, for residential and commercial building types, as conservation supply curves for several end use categories; complete results of the study are presented in Ref. 1.

Hunn, B. D.; Baughman, M. L.; Silver, S. C.; Rosenfeld, A. H.; Akbari, H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Case Study on the Demonstration of Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public Service of New Mexico (PNM) installed an energy storage system for simultaneous voltage smoothing and peak shifting associated with a 500 kW photovoltaic system. The energy storage system is comprised of two elements: a 0.5 MW smoothing battery utilizing UltraBatteries and a 0.25 MW/0.99MWh peak shifting battery using advanced lead acid batteries. The two battery systems, combined with a single 0.75 MW power conditioning system, are co-located with a separately installed 500 kW solar ...

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Sapphire - A High Peak Brightness X-Ray Source as a Possible Option for a Next Generation UK Light Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sapphire - A High Peak Brightness X-Ray Source as a Possible Option for a Next Generation UK Light Source

Walker, R P; Christou, C; Han, J H; Kay, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-21 requires that certain expenses be treated as indirect costs and paid for through the indirect cost (F&A) mechanism. To qualify as a direct charge on a sponsored project, costs normally considere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

charge on a sponsored project, costs normally considered F&A must be charged in a timely manner and must that discuss which costs can be charged directly to federally funded projects and which expenses may qualify be treated as indirect costs and paid for through the indirect cost (F&A) mechanism. To qualify as a direct

Scott, Robert A.

395

The effect of morphological smoothening by reconstruction on the extraction of peaks and pits from digital elevation models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the effect of morphological smoothening by reconstruction on the extraction of peaks and pits from digital elevation models (DEMs) is studied. First, a mathematical morphological based algorithm to extract peaks and pits from DEMs is developed. ... Keywords: DEM smoothening, Digital elevation models, Kernel, Morphological smoothening by reconstruction, Peaks and pits

Dinesh Sathyamoorthy

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Detection of point sources on two-dimensional images based on peaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the detection of point sources in two-dimensional astronomical images. The detection scheme we propose is based on peak statistics. We discuss the example of the detection of far galaxies in cosmic microwave background experiments ... Keywords: analytical methods, data analysis methods, image processing techniques

M. Lpez-Caniego; D. Herranz; J. L. Sanz; R. B. Barreiro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Rotationally-induced asymmetry in the double-peak lightcurves of the bright EGRET pulsars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulsed emission from the bright EGRET pulsars - Vela, Crab, and Geminga - extends up to 10 GeV. The generic gamma lightcurve features two peaks separated by 0.4 to 0.5 in phase. According to Thompson (2001) the lightcurve becomes asymmetrical above 5 GeV in such a way that the trailing peak dominates over the leading peak. We attempt to interpret this asymmetry within a single-polar-cap scenario. We investigate the role of rotational effects on the magnetic one-photon absorption rate in inducing such asymmetry. Our Monte Carlo simulations of pulsar gamma-ray beams reveal that in the case of oblique rotators with rotation periods of a few millisecond the rotational effects lead to the asymmetry of the requested magnitude. However, the rotators relevant for the bright EGRET pulsars must not have their inclination angles too large in order to keep the two peaks at a separation of 0.4 in phase. With such a condition imposed on the model rotators the resulting effects are rather minute and can hardly be reconciled with the magnitude of the observed asymmetry.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

399

Reducing the Peak Power through Real-Time Scheduling Techniques in Cyber-Physical Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

], large networks of electric cars [4], and automated energy supply and distribution for town and city of electric loads in cyber-physical energy systems. The aim of the proposed approach is to achieve predictability of the activation of electric loads to guarantee an upper bound on the peak electric power

Lipari, Giuseppe

400

Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak?1 Larry Hughes and Jacinda Rudolph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" and "Unconventional." Conventional oil is typically the highest quality, lightest oil, which flows from underground reservoirs with comparative ease, and it is the least expensive to produce. Unconventional oils are heavy the problem will be pervasive and long lasting. Oil peaking repre- sents a liquid fuels prob- lem

Hughes, Larry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The effect of multiple entrances on the elevator round trip time under up-peak traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of vertical transportation systems relies on the calculation of the interval as an indicator of the quality of service. This in turn involves the accurate calculation of the round trip time of a single elevator. The calculation of the round ... Keywords: Basement, Elevator, Interval, Lift, Round trip time, Up peak traffic

Lutfi Al-Sharif

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Ice Thermal Storage Systems for Nuclear Power Plant Supplemental Cooling and Peak Power Shifting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Availability of cooling water has been one of the major issues for the nuclear power plant site selection. Cooling water issues have frequently disrupted the normal operation at some nuclear power plants during heat waves and long draught. One potential solution is to use ice thermal storage (ITS) systems that reduce cooling water requirements and boost the plants thermal efficiency in hot hours. ITS uses cheap off-peak electricity to make ice and uses the ice for supplemental cooling during peak demand time. ITS also provides a way to shift a large amount of electricity from off peak time to peak time. For once-through cooling plants near a limited water body, adding ITS can bring significant economic benefits and avoid forced derating and shutdown during extremely hot weather. For the new plants using dry cooling towers, adding the ITS systems can effectively reduce the efficiency loss during hot weather so that new plants could be considered in regions lack of cooling water. This paper will review light water reactor cooling issues and present the feasibility study results.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Phil Sharpe; Blaise Hamanaka; Wei Yan; WoonSeong Jeong

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION USING FEATURES BASED ON ZERO CROSSINGS WITH PEAK AMPLITUDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of white Gaussian noise added at different SNRs. 3.1. Analysis frame lengths Three different methods K.Paliwal@me.gu.edu.au ABSTRACT This paper presents an extensive study of zero crossings with peak only on a small- vocabulary isolated-word database. In the study described in this paper, we

404

The Impact of Residential Air Conditioner Charging and Sizing on Peak Electrical Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric utilities have had a number of air conditioner rebate and maintenance programs for many years. The purpose of these programs was to improve the efficiency of the stock of air conditioning equipment and provide better demand-side management. This paper examines the effect of refrigerant charging (proper servicing of the equipment), system sizing, and efficiency on the steady-state, coincident peak utility demand of a residential central air conditioning system. The study is based on the results of laboratory tests of a three-ton, capillary tube expansion, split-system air conditioner, system capacity and efficiency data available from manufacturer's literature, and assumptions about relative sizing of the equipment to cooling load on a residence. A qualitative discussion is provided concerning the possible impacts of transient operation and total energy use on utility program decisions. The analysis indicates that proper sizing of the unit is the largest factor affecting energy demand of the three factors (sizing, charging, and efficiency) studied in this paper. For typical oversizing of units to cooling loads in houses, both overcharging and undercharging showed significant negative impact on peak demand. The impacts of SEER changes in utility peak demand were found to be virtually independent of oversizing. For properly sized units, there was a small peak benefit to higher efficiency air conditioners.

Neal, L.; O'Neal, D. L.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Peak Power Bi-directional Transfer From High Speed Flywheel to Electrical Regulated Bus Voltage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a suitable EV power supply. Industry experts have concluded that practical EVs must have energy storage's batteries can be extended considerably by supplying peak energy requirements from a secondary source to an external power supply, the braking energy must be stored `on board'. Advanced lead-acid batteries provide

Szabados, Barna

406

Galactic Chemical Evolution of the Iron Peak Elements in the Lowest Metallicity Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the nucleosynthetic yields of Chieffi & Limongi (2004) in conjunction with a Salpeter initial mass function (IMF) to determine the evolution of iron peak element abundances ( Z ?=?2128) as a function of metallicity. Since we will focus on the extremely metal poor region below [ Fe / H ]?=??1.5 we will consider input from core collapse supernovae (SNe) only

Jennifer Sobeck; Carla Frohlich; Jim Truran; Yeunjin Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Data center demand response: Avoiding the coincident peak via workload shifting and local generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand response is a crucial aspect of the future smart grid. It has the potential to provide significant peak demand reduction and to ease the incorporation of renewable energy into the grid. Data centers' participation in demand response is becoming ... Keywords: Data center, Demand response, Online algorithm, Prediction error, Renewable penetration, Workload management

Zhenhua Liu, Adam Wierman, Yuan Chen, Benjamin Razon, Niangjun Chen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Lagged Warm EventLike Response to Peaks in Solar Forcing in the Pacific Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forced response coincident with peaks in the 11-yr decadal solar oscillation (DSO) has been shown to resemble a cold event or La Nialike pattern during DecemberFebruary (DJF) in the Pacific region in observations and two global coupled ...

Gerald A. Meehl; Julie M. Arblaster

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A computational intelligence scheme for the prediction of the daily peak load  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power system operation and planning. In recent years, due to privatization and deregulation of the power industry, accurate electricity forecasting has become an important ... Keywords: Computational intelligence, Daily peak load, Mid-term load forecasting, Self-organizing map, Support vector machine

Jawad Nagi; Keem Siah Yap; Farrukh Nagi; Sieh Kiong Tiong; Syed Khaleel Ahmed

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Lighting/HVAC interactions and their effects on annual and peak HVAC requirements in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Lighting measures is one effective strategy for reducing energy use in commercial buildings. Reductions in lighting energy have secondary effects on cooling/heating energy consumption and peak HVAC requirements; in general, they increase the heating and decrease cooling requirements of a building. Net change in a building`s annual and peak energy requirements, however, is difficult to quantify and depends on building characteristics, operating conditions, climate. This paper characterizes impacts of lighting/HVAC interactions on annual and peak heating/cooling requirements of prototypical US commercial buildings through computer simulations using DOE-2.1E building energy analysis program. Ten building types of two vintages and nine climates are chosen to represent the US commercial building stock. For each combination, a prototypical building is simulated with two lighting power densities, and resultant changes in heating and cooling loads are recorded. Simple concepts of Lighting Coincidence Factors are used to describe the observed interactions between lighting and HVAC requirements. (Coincidence Factor (CF) is ratio of changes in HVAC loads to those in lighting loads, where load is either annual or peak load). The paper presents tables of lighting CF for major building types and climates. These parameters can be used for regional or national cost/benefit analyses of lighting- related policies and utility DSM programs. Using Annual CFs and typical efficiencies for heating and cooling systems, net changes in space conditioning energy use from a lighting measure can be calculated. Similarly, Demand CFs can be used to estimate the changes in HVAC sizing, which can then be converted to changes in capital outlay using standard-design curves; or they can be used to estimate coincident peak reductions for the analysis of the utility`s avoided costs. Results from use of these tables are meaningful only when they involve a significantly large number of buildings.

Sezgen, A.O.; Huang, Y.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Statistical Analysis and Dynamic Visualization of Travis Peak Production in the Eastern Texas Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas production has increased exponentially over the last 30 years, which is in response to the increasing demand for natural gas. This trend is speculated to continue to increase as legislation continues to be passed requiring power plants to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. This recently happened in Colorado according to the Washington Post, giving more consideration to using natural gas. As natural gas becomes more popular there is a need to understand the production patterns and observable trends, integrating data from various sources. This research will attempt to do just that for wells producing from the Travis Peak formation. Using data from HPDI L.L.C., (www.hpdi.com) a visual representation was created for the areal distribution of peak gas rates and cumulative gas production. This allowed us to categorize wells by their production performance and we found that areas with relatively high peak gas rates also had high cumulative gas production. An analysis of these wells was done by completion year, and we found that wellhead prices of natural gas strongly influenced the annual number of new wells. We also found that the distribution of the annual number of new wells affected the average annual initial production rate and the peak gas rate of new wells. Wells located in areas of poor production performance were analyzed and it was apparent that newer wells performed relatively better than older ones and well stimulation is a major requirement for better gas production. Wells located in areas of good production performance were also analyzed and we found that the distribution of newer wells to older ones influenced the relative performance of individual wells. Overall, there was no observable trend between production variables in Travis Peak. No trend in production variable was found to be exclusively associated with good performing wells or poor performing wells.

Ayanbule, Babafemi O.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

ANALYSIS OF SULFONATES IN AQUEOUS SAMPLES BY ION-PAIR LC/ESI-MS/MS WITH IN-SOURCE CID FOR ADDUCT PEAK ELIMINATION  

SciTech Connect

Determination of low-molecular-weight organic sulfonates (e.g. taurine and cysteic acid) in aqueous solutions is important in many applications of biological, environmental and pharmaceutical sciences. These compounds are difficult to be determined by commonly used reversed-phase liquid chromatographic separation combined with UV-Visible detection because of their high solubility and the lack chromophoric moieties. Here the authors report a method combining ion-pair liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (IPLC/ESI-MS/MS)for determining sulfonates. The ability of low-molecular-weight sulfonates to form ion-pairs with quaternary ammonium cations in aqueous solutions allowed LC separation with a C{sub 18} column. Detection of the sulfonates was accomplished with ESI-MS that lends a universal mode of mass detection for polar, water soluble compounds. An in-source collision induced dissociation (CID) was applied to eliminate the adduct peaks in mass spectra. Characteristic marker ions showed in the second stage mass spectra lent a method for identifying sulfonates.

OUYANG,S.; VAIRAVAMURTHY,M.A.

1999-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

413

A Comparative Analysis of Computational Approaches to Relative Protein Quantification Using Peptide Peak Intensities in Label-free LC-MS Proteomics Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is widely used to identify and quantify peptides in complex biological samples. In particular, label-free shotgun proteomics is highly effective for the identification of peptides and subsequently obtaining a global protein profile of a sample. As a result, this approach is widely used for discovery studies. Typically, the objective of these discovery studies is to identify proteins that are affected by some condition of interest (e.g. disease, exposure). However, for complex biological samples, label-free LC-MS proteomics experiments measure peptides and do not directly yield protein quantities. Thus, protein quantification must be inferred from one or more measured peptides. In recent years, many computational approaches to relative protein quantification of label-free LC-MS data have been published. In this review, we examine the most commonly employed quantification approaches to relative protein abundance from peak intensity values, evaluate their individual merits, and discuss challenges in the use of the various computational approaches.

Matzke, Melissa M.; Brown, Joseph N.; Gritsenko, Marina A.; Metz, Thomas O.; Pounds, Joel G.; Rodland, Karin D.; Shukla, Anil K.; Smith, Richard D.; Waters, Katrina M.; McDermott, Jason E.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

HD gas analysis with Gas Chromatography and Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gas analyzer system has been developed to analyze Hydrogen-Deuteride (HD) gas for producing frozen-spin polarized HD targets, which are used for hadron photoproduction experiments at SPring-8. Small amounts of ortho-H$_{2}$ and para-D$_{2}$ gas mixtures ($\\sim$0.01%) in the purified HD gas are a key to realize a frozen-spin polarized target. In order to obtain reliable concentrations of these gas mixtures in the HD gas, we produced a new gas analyzer system combining two independent measurements with the gas chromatography and the QMS. The para-H$_{2}$, ortho-H$_{2}$, HD, and D$_{2}$ are separated using the retention time of the gas chromatography and the mass/charge. It is found that the new gas analyzer system can measure small concentrations of $\\sim$0.01% for the otho-H$_2$ and D$_2$ with good S/N ratios.

T. Ohta; S. Bouchigny; J. -P. Didelez; M. Fujiwara; K. Fukuda; H. Kohri; T. Kunimatsu; C. Morisaki; S. Ono; G. Rouille; M. Tanaka; K. Ueda; M. Uraki; M. Utsuro; S. Y. Wang; M. Yosoi

2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

415

Size-exclusion chromatography system for macromolecular interaction analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low pressure, microcomputer controlled system employing high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) allows for precise analysis of the interaction of two reversibly associating macromolecules such as proteins. Since a macromolecular complex migrates faster than its components during size-exclusion chromatography, the difference between the elution profile of a mixture of two macromolecules and the summation of the elution profiles of the two components provides a quantifiable indication of the degree of molecular interaction. This delta profile is used to qualitatively reveal the presence or absence of significant interaction or to rank the relative degree of interaction in comparing samples and, in combination with a computer simulation, is further used to quantify the magnitude of the interaction in an arrangement wherein a microcomputer is coupled to analytical instrumentation in a novel manner.

Stevens, Fred J. (Downers Grove, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Microsoft Word - BUGS_The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Final 4_19.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 15, 2010 April 15, 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/1406 Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource v1.0 ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

417

A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year ActualWeather Data Title A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year ActualWeather Data Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Hong, Tianzhen, Wen-Kuei Chang, and Hung-Wen Lin Keywords Actual meteorological year, Building simulation, Energy use, Peak electricity demand, Typical meteorological year, Weather data Abstract Buildings consume more than one third of the world's total primary energy. Weather plays a unique and significant role as it directly affects the thermal loads and thus energy performance of buildings. The traditional simulated energy performance using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data represents the building performance for a typical year, but not necessarily the average or typical long-term performance as buildings with different energy systems and designs respond differently to weather changes. Furthermore, the single-year TMY simulations do not provide a range of results that capture yearly variations due to changing weather, which is important for building energy management, and for performing risk assessments of energy efficiency investments. This paper employs large-scale building simulation (a total of 3162 runs) to study the weather impact on peak electricity demand and energy use with the 30-year (1980 to 2009) Actual Meteorological Year (AMY) weather data for three types of office buildings at two design efficiency levels, across all 17 ASHRAE climate zones. The simulated results using the AMY data are compared to those from the TMY3 data to determine and analyze the differences. Besides further demonstration, as done by other studies, that actual weather has a significant impact on both the peak electricity demand and energy use of buildings, the main findings from the current study include: 1) annual weather variation has a greater impact on the peak electricity demand than it does on energy use in buildings; 2) the simulated energy use using the TMY3 weather data is not necessarily representative of the average energy use over a long period, and the TMY3 results can be significantly higher or lower than those from the AMY data; 3) the weather impact is greater for buildings in colder climates than warmer climates; 4) the weather impact on the medium-sized office building was the greatest, followed by the large office and then the small office; and 5) simulated energy savings and peak demand reduction by energy conservation measures using the TMY3 weather data can be significantly underestimated or overestimated. It is crucial to run multi-decade simulations with AMY weather data to fully assess the impact of weather on the long-term performance of buildings, and to evaluate the energy savings potential of energy conservation measures for new and existing buildings from a life cycle perspective.

418

Energy-Dependent $\\gamma$-Ray Burst Peak Durations and Blast-Wave Deceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal analyses of the prompt gamma-ray and X-ray light curves of gamma-ray bursts reveal a tendency for the burst pulse time scales to increase with decreasing energy. For an ensemble of BATSE bursts, Fenimore et al. (1995) show that the energy dependence of burst peak durations can be represented by dependence has led to the suggestion that this effect is due to radiative processes, most notably synchrotron cooling of the non-thermal particles which produce the radiation. Here we show that a similar power-law dependence occurs, under certain assumptions, in the context of the blast-wave model and is a consequence of the deceleration of the blast-wave. This effect will obtain whether or not synchrotron cooling is important, but different degrees of cooling will cause variations in the energy dependence of the peak durations.

Chiang, J

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Narrow linewidth picosecond pulsed laser with mega-watt peak power at UV wavelength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate a master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) burst mode laser system to generate 66 ps/402.5 MHz pulses with mega-watt peak power at 355 nm. The seed laser is based on a direct electro-optic modulation of a fiber laser output. A very high extinction ratio (45 dB) has been achieved by using an adaptive bias control. The multi-stage Nd:YAG amplifier system allows a uniformly temporal shaping of macropulses with tunable pulse duration. The light output form the amplifier is converted to 355 nm and over 1 MW UV peak power is obtained when the laser is operating in a 5- s/10-Hz macropulse mode. The laser output has a transform limited spectrum bandwidth with a very narrow linewidth of individual laser mode. The immediate application of the laser system is the laser assisted hydrogen ion beam stripping for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS).

Liu, Yun [ORNL; Huang, Chunning [ORNL; Deibele, Craig Edmond [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX), a substantial correlative data set of remote sensing observations and direct in situ measurements from fixed and airborne platforms will be created in a winter season, mountainous environment. This will be accomplished by combining mountaintop observations at Storm Peak Laboratory and the airborne National Science Foundation-supported Colorado Airborne Multi-Phase Cloud Study campaign with collocated measurements from the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2). We describe in this document the operational plans and motivating science for this experiment, which includes deployment of AMF2 to Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The intensive STORMVEX field phase will begin nominally on 1 November 2010 and extend to approximately early April 2011.

Mace, J; Matrosov, S; Shupe, M; Lawson, P; Hallar, G; McCubbin, I; Marchand, R; Orr, B; Coulter, R; Sedlacek, A; Avallone, L; Long, C

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Potential For Energy, Peak Demand, and Water Savings in California Tomato Processing Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tomato processing is a major component of California's food industry. Tomato processing is extremely energy intensive, with the processing season coinciding with the local electrical utility peak period. Significant savings are possible in the electrical energy, peak demand, natural gas consumption, and water consumption of facilities. The electrical and natural gas energy usage and efficiency measures will be presented for a sample of California tomato plants. A typical end-use distribution of electrical energy in these plants will be shown. Results from potential electrical efficiency, demand response, and natural gas efficiency measures that have applications in tomato processing facilities will be presented. Additionally, water conservation measures and the associated savings will be presented. It is shown that an estimated electrical energy savings of 12.5%, electrical demand reduction of 17.2%, natural gas savings of 6.0%, and a fresh water usage reduction of 15.6% are achievable on a facility-wide basis.

Trueblood, A. J.; Wu, Y. Y.; Ganji, A. R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-59293 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Keywords market sectors, technologies Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks.

423

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Title Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for a Large Retail Building Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2006 Authors Hotchi, Toshifumi, Alfred T. Hodgson, and William J. Fisk Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's packaged rooftop air-handling units (RTUs). Measurements were made to determine how this load shedding strategy would affect the outdoor air ventilation rate and the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the sales area. Ventilation rates prior to and during load shedding were measured by tracer gas decay on two days. Samples for individual VOCs, including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, were collected from several RTUs in the morning prior to load shedding and in the late afternoon. Shutting down a portion (three of 11 and five of 12, or 27 and 42%) of the RTUs serving the sales area resulted in about a 30% reduction in ventilation, producing values of 0.50-0.65 air changes per hour. VOCs with the highest concentrations (>10 μg/m3) in the sales area included formaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, toluene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane. Substantial differences in concentrations were observed among RTUs. Concentrations of most VOCs increased during a single mock CPP event, and the median increase was somewhat higher than the fractional decrease in the ventilation rate. There are few guidelines for evaluating indoor VOC concentrations. For formaldehyde, maximum concentrations measured in the store during the event were below guidelines intended to protect the general public from acute health risks

424

Condensate Filter/Demineralizer Qualification and Testing in Precoat Application at Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texas Utility's Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station (CPSES) condensate filter/demineralizer (CFD) system is currently one of, if not the best performing CFD systems in the world, based on throughput and steam generator iron deposition. Minimum precoating has the potential to reduce solid waste generation by 44 percent. Using current radwaste disposal costs, operating with minimum precoat offers the potential for CPSES to decrease operational and maintenance costs by up to 69 percent in case of a primary...

2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

425

Peak Load Management of Thermal Loads Using Advanced Thermal Energy Storage Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Almost 50% of electric energy delivered to residences is converted into some sort of thermal energyhot water, air conditioning, and refrigeration. Storing energy in thermal form is cheaper especially when the medium used to store the energy is an end-use medium for example, hot water. This technical update evaluates two different technologies for storing energyin cold water and in hot water.GreenPeak technology, a storage condensing unit (SCU) from IE Technologies, uses an ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

426

Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Backup Generators (BUGS): The Next Smart Grid Peak Resource? Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.netl.doe.gov/smartgrid/referenceshelf/articles/10-18-2010_BUGS%20a Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/backup-generators-bugs-next-smart-gri Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: "Resource Integration Planning,Energy Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

427

A Field Study on Residential Air Conditioning Peak Loads During Summer in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Severe capacity problems are experienced by electric utilities during hot summer afternoons. Several studies have found that, in large part, electric peak loads can be attributed to residential airconditioning use. This air-conditioning peak depends primarily on two factors: (i) the manner in which the homeowner operates his air-conditioner during the hot summer afternoons, and (ii) the amount by which the air-conditioner has been over-designed. Whole-house and air-conditioner electricity use data at 15 minute time intervals have been gathered and analyzed for 8 residences during the summer of 1991, six of which had passed the College Station Good Cents tests. Indoor air temperatures were measured by a mechanical chart recorder, while a weather station located on the main campus of Texas A&M university provided the necessary climatic data, especially ambient temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation. The data were analysed to determine the extent to which air-conditioning over-sizing and homeowner intervention contributes to peak electricity use for newer houses in College Station, Texas.

Reddy, T. A.; Vaidya, S.; Griffith, L.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Claridge, D. E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

GRB110721A: AN EXTREME PEAK ENERGY AND SIGNATURES OF THE PHOTOSPHERE  

SciTech Connect

GRB110721A was observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope using its two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). The burst consisted of one major emission episode which lasted for {approx}24.5 s (in the GBM) and had a peak flux of (5.7 {+-} 0.2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2}. The time-resolved emission spectrum is best modeled with a combination of a Band function and a blackbody spectrum. The peak energy of the Band component was initially 15 {+-} 2 MeV, which is the highest value ever detected in a GRB. This measurement was made possible by combining GBM/BGO data with LAT Low Energy events to achieve continuous 10-100 MeV coverage. The peak energy later decreased as a power law in time with an index of -1.89 {+-} 0.10. The temperature of the blackbody component also decreased, starting from {approx}80 keV, and the decay showed a significant break after {approx}2 s. The spectrum provides strong constraints on the standard synchrotron model, indicating that alternative mechanisms may give rise to the emission at these energies.

Axelsson, M. [Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Baring, M. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, MS-108, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251 (United States); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'M. Merlin' dell'Universita e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau (France); Buehler, R.; Cameron, R. A.; Chiang, J.; Claus, R. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Caliandro, G. A. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain); Caraveo, P. A. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Cecchi, C.; D'Ammando, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Chaves, R. C. G. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Chekhtman, A. [Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Conrad, J. [Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Cutini, S., E-mail: magnusa@astro.su.se, E-mail: moretti@particle.kth.se, E-mail: felix@particle.kth.se, E-mail: josefin.larsson@astro.su.se, E-mail: james.m.burgess@nasa.gov [Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); and others

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model co-relating the peak load demand of a utility with the allowable power rating (PR) of air-conditioning (AC) systems has been developed in this paper through a well defined methodology. The model is capable to predict the extent of allowable increase in the capital cost of the AC system for an improvement in PR from its base case as well. Furthermore, effectiveness of better PR of AC system for peak load management has been analyzed for Kuwait as a case study. It is found that up to 5,752 MW in reduction in peak load demand and savings of KD 2,301 million in capital expenditures are possible for the years between 2001 and 2025 if the PR of AC systems are improved to 1.2 kW/RT from its present level of 2.0 kW/RT. Also, it is estimated that extent of increase in capital cost of AC system by 106 % is justified for reducing the expenditure for new power plants. The paper will be useful for the energy planner and policy makers in the countries of Arabian Peninsula with huge demand for air-conditioning.

Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30percent using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

Yin, Rongxin; Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Parrish, Kristen

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

431

A control system for improved battery utilization in a PV-powered peak-shaving system  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic (PV) power systems offer the prospect of allowing a utility company to meet part of the daily peak system load using a renewable resource. Unfortunately, some utilities have peak system- load periods that do not match the peak production hours of a PV system. Adding a battery energy storage system to a grid-connected PV power system will allow dispatching the stored solar energy to the grid at the desired times. Batteries, however, pose system limitations in terms of energy efficiency, maintenance, and cycle life. A new control system has been developed, based on available PV equipment and a data acquisition system, that seeks to minimize the limitations imposed by the battery system while maximizing the use of PV energy. Maintenance requirements for the flooded batteries are reduced, cycle life is maximized, and the battery is operated over an efficient range of states of charge. This paper presents design details and initial performance results on one of the first installed control systems of this type.

Palomino, E [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Stevens, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wiles, J. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A peak power tracker for small wind turbines in battery charging applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design, implementation and testing of a prototype version of a peak power tracking system for small wind turbines in battery charging applications. The causes for the poor performance of small wind turbines in battery charging applications are explained and previously proposed configurations to increase the power output of the wind turbines are discussed. Through computer modeling of the steady-state operation the potential performance gain of the proposed system in comparison with existing systems is calculated. It is shown that one configuration consisting of reactive compensation by capacitors and a DC/DC converter is able to optimally load the wind turbine and thus obtain maximum energy capture over the whole range of wind speeds. A proof of concept of the peak power tracking system is provided by building and testing a prototype version. The peak power tracking system is tested in combination with a typical small wind turbine generator on a dynamometer. Steady-state operating curves confirming the performance improvement predicted by calculations are presented.

De Broe, A.M.; Drouilhet, S.; Gevorgian, V.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A new approach for modeling the peak utility impacts from a proposed CUAC standard  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a new Berkeley Lab approach for modeling the likely peak electricity load reductions from proposed energy efficiency programs in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This method is presented in the context of the commercial unitary air conditioning (CUAC) energy efficiency standards. A previous report investigating the residential central air conditioning (RCAC) load shapes in NEMS revealed that the peak reduction results were lower than expected. This effect was believed to be due in part to the presence of the squelch, a program algorithm designed to ensure changes in the system load over time are consistent with the input historic trend. The squelch applies a system load-scaling factor that scales any differences between the end-use bottom-up and system loads to maintain consistency with historic trends. To obtain more accurate peak reduction estimates, a new approach for modeling the impact of peaky end uses in NEMS-BT has been developed. The new approach decrements the system load directly, reducing the impact of the squelch on the final results. This report also discusses a number of additional factors, in particular non-coincidence between end-use loads and system loads as represented within NEMS, and their impacts on the peak reductions calculated by NEMS. Using Berkeley Lab's new double-decrement approach reduces the conservation load factor (CLF) on an input load decrement from 25% down to 19% for a SEER 13 CUAC trial standard level, as seen in NEMS-BT output. About 4 GW more in peak capacity reduction results from this new approach as compared to Berkeley Lab's traditional end-use decrement approach, which relied solely on lowering end use energy consumption. The new method has been fully implemented and tested in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 (AEO2003) version of NEMS and will routinely be applied to future versions. This capability is now available for use in future end-use efficiency or other policy analysis that requires accurate representation of time varying load reductions.

LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris; Chan, Peter; Coughlin, Katie

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, SmallerChapter 7 Recent Advances in Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography for the Analysis of Natural Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Chromatography: Faster, Hotter, Smaller Chapter 7 Recent Advances in Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography for the Analysis of Natural Products Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books F7E3E452FCB43F6D

435

Local Implications of Globally Restricted Mobility: A study of Queenstowns vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis employs a case study approach to investigate local implications of globally restricted mobility by examining Queenstowns vulnerability to peak oil and climate change. (more)

Walsh, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Ice Thermal Storage Systems for LWR Supplemental Cooling and Peak Power Shifting  

SciTech Connect

Availability of enough cooling water has been one of the major issues for the nuclear power plant site selection. Cooling water issues have frequently disrupted the normal operation at some nuclear power plants during heat waves and long draught. The issues become more severe due to the new round of nuclear power expansion and global warming. During hot summer days, cooling water leaving a power plant may become too hot to threaten aquatic life so that environmental regulations may force the plant to reduce power output or even temporarily to be shutdown. For new nuclear power plants to be built at areas without enough cooling water, dry cooling can be used to remove waste heat directly into the atmosphere. However, dry cooling will result in much lower thermal efficiency when the weather is hot. One potential solution for the above mentioned issues is to use ice thermal storage systems (ITS) that reduce cooling water requirements and boost the plants thermal efficiency in hot hours. ITS uses cheap off-peak electricity to make ice and uses those ice for supplemental cooling during peak demand time. ITS is suitable for supplemental cooling storage due to its very high energy storage density. ITS also provides a way to shift large amount of electricity from off peak time to peak time. Some gas turbine plants already use ITS to increase thermal efficiency during peak hours in summer. ITSs have also been widely used for building cooling to save energy cost. Among three cooling methods for LWR applications: once-through, wet cooling tower, and dry cooling tower, once-through cooling plants near a large water body like an ocean or a large lake and wet cooling plants can maintain the designed turbine backpressure (or condensation temperature) during 99% of the time; therefore, adding ITS to those plants will not generate large benefits. For once-through cooling plants near a limited water body like a river or a small lake, adding ITS can bring significant economic benefits and avoid forced derating and shutdown during extremely hot weather. For the new plants using dry cooling towers, adding the ice thermal storage systems can effectively reduce the efficiency loss and water consumption during hot weather so that new LWRs could be considered in regions without enough cooling water. \\ This paper presents the feasibility study of using ice thermal storage systems for LWR supplemental cooling and peak power shifting. LWR cooling issues and ITS application status will be reviewed. Two ITS application case studies will be presented and compared with alternative options: one for once-through cooling without enough cooling for short time, and the other with dry cooling. Because capital cost, especially the ice storage structure/building cost, is the major cost for ITS, two different cost estimation models are developed: one based on scaling method, and the other based on a preliminary design using Building Information Modeling (BIM), an emerging technology in Architecture/Engineering/Construction, which enables design options, performance analysis and cost estimating in the early design stage.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Phil Sharpe; Blaise Hamanaka; Wei Yan; WoonSeong Jeong

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Have We Run Out of Oil Yet? Oil Peaking Analysis from an Optimist's Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study addresses several questions concerning the peaking of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range of uncertainty? What are the key determining factors? Will a transition to unconventional oil undermine or strengthen OPEC's influence over world oil markets? These issues are explored using a model combining alternative world energy scenarios with an accounting of resource depletion and a market-based simulation of transition to unconventional oil resources. No political or environmental constraints are allowed to hinder oil production, geological constraints on the rates at which oil can be produced are not represented, and when USGS resource estimates are used, more than the mean estimate of ultimately recoverable resources is assumed to exist. The issue is framed not as a question of "running out" of conventional oil, but in terms of the timing and rate of transition from conventional to unconventional oil resources. Unconventional oil is chosen because production from Venezuela's heavy-oil fields and Canada's Athabascan oil sands is already underway on a significant scale and unconventional oil is most consistent with the existing infrastructure for producing, refining, distributing and consuming petroleum. However, natural gas or even coal might also prove to be economical sources of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. These results indicate a high probability that production of conventional oil from outside of the Middle East region will peak, or that the rate of increase of production will become highly constrained before 2025. If world consumption of hydrocarbon fuels is to continue growing, massive development of unconventional resources will be required. While there are grounds for pessimism and optimism, it is certainly not too soon for extensive, detailed analysis of transitions to alternative energy sources.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Hopson, Dr Janet L [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Li, Jia [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical power that commonly occur around 15:00 h. The working hours for these building are generally between 07:00 and 14:00 h and their peak demand exceeds 600 MW. The smart operation strategies implemented in these buildings included pre-closing treatment (PCT) between 13:00 and 14:00 h and time-of-day control (TDC) after 14:00 h. Also de-lamping was carried out in some of the buildings to readjust the higher than recommended illumination levels. This paper presents the achievements of implementing these smart operations strategies in Justice Palace Complex (JPC) as a case study. The peak load of this building was 3700 kW. The achievements are summarized as an all time saving of 22 kW by de-lamping, an additional saving of 27 kW through TDC of lighting, direct savings between 13:00 and 22:00 h by closing supply and return air fans of 52 air-handling units with a connected load 400 kW, and an additional saving of 550 kW during the same period by optimizing the cooling production and distribution. In conclusion project achieved an overall reduction in power demand of around 20% between 13:00 to 17:00 h and reduction ranging from 7% to 15% between 17:00 to 20:00 h.

Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 August 30, 2007 This work described in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, under Work for Others Contract No. 150-99-003, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. LBNL Report Number 62218 2 Table of Contents List of Tables ......................................................................................................................................3

440

LBNL-6280E A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

280E 280E A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30- Year Actual Weather Data Tianzhen Hong 1 , Wen-kuei Chang 2 , Hung-Wen Lin 2 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division 2 Green Energy and Environment Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan, ROC May 2013 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-

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441

Vapor-Phase-Deposited Organosilane Coatings as "Hardening" Agents for High-Peak-Power Laser Optics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multilayer-dielectric (MLD) diffraction gratings are used in high-power laser systems to compress laser-energy pulses. The peak power deliverable on target for these short-pulse petawatt class systems is limited by the laser-damage resistance of the optical components in the system, especially the MLD gratings. Recent experiments in our laboratory have shown that vapor treatment of MLD gratings at room temperature with organosilanes such as hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) produces an increase in their damage threshold as compared to uncoated MLD grating control samples.

Marshall, K.L.; Culakova, Z.; Ashe, B.; Giacofei, C.; Rigatti, A.L.; Kessler, T.J.; Schmid, A.W.; Oliver, J.B.; Kozlov, A.

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

442

Blue Emission Peak of GeO{sub 2} Particles Grown Using Thermal Evaporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report a simple thermal evaporation technique (horizontal tube furnace) to grow large quantities of GeO{sub 2} particles with diameters ranging from tens of nanometer to 500 nm on n-type (100) Si substrate free of catalyst. The particles were grown at temperature about 1000 degree sign C for 2 hrs and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The photoluminescence spectrum reveals several emission peaks around 400 nm at room temperature. Raman measurement also measured at room temperature for this GeO{sub 2} particles.

Sulieman, Kamal Mahir [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Physics Department, Alzaiem Alazhary University, 1432-Khartoum (Sudan); Jumidali, M. M. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia); Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Penang (Malaysia); Hashim, M. R. [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia)

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

Reducing Average and Peak Temperatures of VLSI CMOS Digital Circuits by Means of Heuristic Scheduling Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a BPD (Balanced Power Dissipation) heuristic scheduling algorithm applied to VLSI CMOS digital circuits/systems in order to reduce the global computational demand and provide balanced power dissipation of computational units of the designed digital VLSI CMOS system during the task assignment stage. It results in reduction of the average and peak temperatures of VLSI CMOS digital circuits. The elaborated algorithm is based on balanced power dissipation of local computational (processing) units and does not deteriorate the throughput of the whole VLSI CMOS digital system.

Wladyslaw Szczesniak

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Fracture Permeability Evolution in Rock from the Desert Peak EGS Site  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fluid flow experiments are being conducted on core specimens of quartz monzonite retrieved from depths of about 1 km at the Desert Peak East EGS site in Churchill County, Nevada. Our immediate goal is to observe permeability evolution in fractures at pressure and temperature conditions appropriate to the Desert Peak geothermal site. Longer term, we aim to evaluate mechanisms that control the evolution of fracture permeability. In the experiments saline water is flowed through an artificial fracture at a constant rate of 0.02 ml/min over a period of several weeks. The constant flow tests are interrupted at selected times for shorter tests in which flow is either stopped or varied between 0 and 2.0 ml/min. The experiments to date were conducted at a confining pressure of 5.5 MPa, pore pressures of 1.38 MPa or 2.07 MPa and temperatures of 167- 169 C. Measurements include differential pressure and electrical resistance across the specimen. The short-term variable flow rate experiments allow us to calculate the effective hydraulic aperture of the fracture at various times during the experiment. Changes in electrical resistivity provide indirect evidence of ongoing mineral dissolution and precipitation processes that are expected to change fracture permeability over time. The early experiments have shown that electrical resistivity rises during flow and falls during intervals in which flow is stopped.

Carlson, S R; Roberts, J J; Detwiler, R L; Burton, E A; Robertson-Tait, A; Morris, C; Kasameyer, P

2004-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

445

Analysis of the need for intermediate and peaking technologies in the year 2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This analysis was conducted to assess the impact of load management on the future need for intermediate- and peak-generating technologies (IPTs) such as combustion turbines, pumped storage, and cycling coal plants. There will be a reduced need for IPTs if load-management activities such as time-of-use pricing, together with customer-owned energy-storage devices, hot-water-heater controls, and interruptible service, can economically remove most of the variation from electric-power demands. Therefore, the analysis assesses the need for IPTs in an uncertain future, which will probably include load management and time-differentiated electricity prices. Section 2 provides a condensed description of the models used in the analysis. (Details and data sets are contained in the appendixes.) Results of sensitivities on growth rates, model parameters, and appliance saturations are discussed in Section 3, which also contains the analysis of the potential impacts of customer energy storage, appliance control, and time-of-use pricing. The future need for intermediate and peaking technologies is analyzed in Section 4.

Barrager, S.M.; Campbell, G.L.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Petrology, geochronology, and chemical evolution of the Twin Peaks Rhyolite Domes, Utah  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two distinct sequences of silicic volcanism at the Twin Peaks volcanic field, Millard County, Utah, spanned periods from 2.74 +- .10 to 2.54 +- .09 m.y. and 2.43 +- .08 to 2.35 +- .08 m.y., and produced a total exposed volume of 4 km/sup 3/ of rhyolites and volcanoclastics. Wet chemical, x-ray fluorescence, microprobe, atomic absorption, and neutron activation methods have been employed to obtain a wide range of chemical data on whole rock and mineral separate samples. Calculated distribution coefficients are comparable to previously published values for high silica rocks. Each sequence is characterized by a systematic trend from < 72% to > 76% SiO/sub 2/. Accompanying this increase in SiO/sub 2/ over time are increases in Rb, Y, Sb, Cs, U, Th, HREE and decreases in Mg, Co, Fe, Sr, Ba, and LREE. Decreases in temperature and fO/sub 2/ and an increase in fH/sub 2/O are also indicated. These trends are very similar to gradients observed in ash flow tuffs erupted instantaneously from compositionally zoned magma chambers. Chemical evolution at Twin Peaks was dominated by the same mechanism of liquid state differentiation which produce the compositional zonation in larger silicic magma chambers.

Crecraft, H.R.; Nash, W.P.; Evans, S.H. Jr.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Retrofitted feedwater heat storage for steam electric power stations peaking power engineering study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical and economic feasibility of retrofitting existing nuclear or fossil-fueled steam power plants with feedwater thermal energy storage (TES) systems for peaking power applications was investigated. A major objective of the study was to determine if retrofitted thermal energy storage (RTES) systems could result in significant fuel savings in oil- and gas-fired peaking plants. From this study it was concluded that RTES require high capital expenditure, excessive plant downtime for installation (16 mo for fossil-fuel; 24 mo for nuclear), that retrofitting 17,000 MWe of coal and nuclear plants would result in only about 2 percent annual savings in oil consumed by the U.S. utility industry in 1974, and that the technical questions which remain could best be answered by retrofitting a relatively new reliable plant as a test facility. The utility industry is receptive to the TES concept but not to the RTES concept. It is recommended that no further effort be expended on RTES, that TES studies should concentrate on coal and nuclear plants, and that a TES Proof-of-Concept Facility should be designed and constructed. (LCL)

None

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Energy-Dependent Gamma-Ray Burst Peak Durations and Blast-Wave Deceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal analyses of the prompt gamma-ray and X-ray light curves of gamma-ray bursts reveal a tendency for the burst pulse time scales to increase with decreasing energy. For an ensemble of BATSE bursts, Fenimore et al. (1995) show that the energy dependence of burst peak durations can be represented by $\\Delta t \\propto E^{-\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma \\simeq 0.4$--0.45. This power-law dependence has led to the suggestion that this effect is due to radiative processes, most notably synchrotron cooling of the non-thermal particles which produce the radiation. Here we show that a similar power-law dependence occurs, under certain assumptions, in the context of the blast-wave model and is a consequence of the deceleration of the blast-wave. This effect will obtain whether or not synchrotron cooling is important, but different degrees of cooling will cause variations in the energy dependence of the peak durations.

James Chiang

1998-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

449

ON THERMALIZATION IN GAMMA-RAY BURST JETS AND THE PEAK ENERGIES OF PHOTOSPHERIC SPECTRA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The low-energy spectral slopes of the prompt emission of most gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are difficult to reconcile with radiatively efficient optically thin emission models irrespective of the radiation mechanism. An alternative is to ascribe the radiation around the spectral peak to a thermalization process occurring well inside the Thomson photosphere. This quasi-thermal spectrum can evolve into the observed non-thermal shape by additional energy release at moderate to small Thomson optical depths, which can readily give rise to the hard spectral tail. The position of the spectral peak is determined by the temperature and Lorentz factor of the flow in the thermalization zone, where the total number of photons carried by the jet is established. To reach thermalization, dissipation alone is not sufficient and photon generation requires an efficient emission/absorption process in addition to scattering. We perform a systematic study of all relevant photon production mechanisms searching for possible conditions in which thermalization can take place. We find that a significant fraction of the available energy should be dissipated at intermediate radii, {approx}10{sup 10} to a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} cm, and the flow there should be relatively slow: the bulk Lorentz factor could not exceed a few tens for all but the most luminous bursts with the highest E {sub pk} values. The least restrictive constraint for successful thermalization, {Gamma} {approx}bursts. We examine the implications of these results to different GRB photospheric emission models.

Vurm, Indrek; Piran, Tsvi [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)] [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Lyubarsky, Yuri, E-mail: indrek.vurm@gmail.com [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)] [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

450

Duct Leakage Impacts on Airtightness, Infiltration, and Peak Electrical Demand in Florida Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for duct leakage was done in 155 homes. Tracer gas tests found that infiltration rates were three times greater when the air handler was operating than when it was off. Infiltration averaged 0.85 air changes per hour (ach) with the air handler (AH) operating continuously and 0.29 ach with the AH off. Return leaks were found to average 10.3% of AH total flow. House airtightness, in 90 of these homes, determined by blower door testing, averaged 12.58 air changes per hour at 50 Pascals (ACHSO). When the duct registers were sealed, ACHSO decreased to 11.04, indicating that 12.2% of the house leaks were in the duct system. Duct leaks have a dramatic impact upon peak electrical demand. Based on theoretical analysis, a fifteen percent return leak from the attic can increase cooling electrical demand by 100%. Duct repairs in a typical. electrically heated Florida home reduce winter peak demand by about 1.6 kW per house at about one-sixth the cost of building new electrical generation capacity.

Cummings, J. B.; Tooley, J. J.; Moyer, N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

GRPANL: a program for fitting complex peak groupings for gamma and x-ray energies and intensities  

SciTech Connect

GRPANL is a general-purpose peak-fitting program that calculates gamma-ray and x-ray energies and intensities from a given spectral region. The program requires that the user supply input information such as the first and last channels of the region, the channels to be used as pre- and post-region background, the system gain and zero-intercept, and a list of approximate energy values at which peaks occur in the region. Because the peak position and peak-shape parameters enter nonlinearly into the peak-fitting algorithm, an iterative least-square procedure is used in the fitting process. The program iterates until either all convergence criteria are met or ten iterations have elapsed. The code described here allows for twenty free parameters and a region as large as 240 data channels. This code runs on an LSI-11 computer with 32K memory and disk-storage capability.

Gunnink, R.; Ruhter, W.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ultratrace detector for hand-held gas chromatography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultratrace detector system for hand-held gas chromatography having high sensitivity, for example, to emissions generated during production of weapons, biological compounds, drugs, etc. The detector system is insensitive to water, air, helium, argon, oxygen, and C0.sub.2. The detector system is basically composed of a hand-held capillary gas chromatography (GC), an insulated heated redox-chamber, a detection chamber, and a vapor trap. For example, the detector system may use gas phase redox reactions and spectral absorption of mercury vapor. The gas chromatograph initially separates compounds that percolate through a bed of heated mercuric oxide (HgO) in a silica--or other metal--aerogel material which acts as an insulator. Compounds easily oxidized by HgO liberate atomic mercury that subsequently pass through a detection chamber which includes a detector cell, such as quartz, that is illuminated with a 254 nm ultra-violet (UV) mercury discharge lamp which generates the exact mercury absorption bands that are used to detect the liberated mercury atoms. Atomic mercury strongly absorbs 254 nm energy is therefore a specific signal for reducing compounds eluting from the capillary GC, whereafter the atomic mercury is trapped for example, in a silicon-aerogel trap.

Andresen, Brian D. (Livermore, CA); Miller, Fred S. (Bethal Island, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36E 36E Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California R. Yin, S. Kiliccote, M.A. Piette, K. Parrish Environmental Energy Technologies Division May 2010 Presented at the 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Pacific Grove, CA, August 15-20, 2010, and published in the Proceedings DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

454

Control system analysis for off-peak auxiliary heating of passive solar systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A computer simulation method is presented for the design of an electrical auxiliary energy system for passive solar heated structures. The system consists of electrical mats buried in the ground underneath the structure. Energy is stored in the ground during utility off-peak hours and released passively to the heated enclosure. An optimal control strategy is used to determine the system design parameters of depth of mat placement and minimum instaled electrical heating capacity. The optimal control applies combinations of fixed duration energy pulses to the heater, which minimize the room temperature error-squared for each day, assuming advance knowledge of the day's weather. Various realizable control schemes are investigated in an attempt to find a system that approaches the performance of the optimal control system.

Murray, H.S.; Melsa, J.L.; Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Conditional model of peak and minimum loads and the load duration curve for electricity  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a model that extends the traditional model of electricity demand to account for intra-period load variation, the kind of variation that is important for evaluating marginal-cost-reflecting price structures. The time-of-day rate is one such price structure. The traditional model of electricity demand explains inter-period demand variation. It says nothing about load variation. The report explains how a model that integrates with previous studies of electricity demand might be formulated. It specifies two concrete models within this framework and estimates them for a number of different utility companies. The model's within-sample-period performance in predicting peak loads is presented for one version of the model extension along with estimations for other variations. In addition a number of plots of actual load distributions, a summation of load variation information, against the actual load distributions, are presented and used to evaluate the performance of specific models.

Trimble, J.L.; Stallings, D.E.; Thomas, B.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 June 19, 2007 LBNL Report Number 62218 ii Acknowledgements The work described in this report was funded by the Emerging Technologies Program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Additional funding was provided by the Demand Response Research Center which is funded by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, under Work for Others Contract No.500-03-026, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The authors are grateful for the extensive

457

Microsoft Word - Rockwood (CFC) Silver Peak Area EA (Proof Copy) V2.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Interior the Interior Bureau of Land Management Environmental Assessment # DOI-BLM-NV-B020-2012-0214-EA DOE/EA-1921 DATE: October 2012 Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Geothermal Lease: NVN-87008 Tonopah Field Office P.O. Box 911 1553 S. Main Street Tonopah, NV 89049 Phone: 775-482-7800 Fax: 775-482-7810 BLM Mission Statement It is the mission of the Bureau of Land Management to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................1 1.1 Location and Summary of Proposed Action...................................................................... 1

458

DOE/SC-ARM-10-021 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan J Mace Principal Investigator S Matrosov B Orr M Shupe R Coulter P Lawson A Sedlacek G Hallar L Avallone I McCubbin C Long R Marchand September 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service

459

Simulation of the performance of a 100-kW-peak photovoltaic system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MIT Lincoln Laboratory designed and is currently constructing a 100-kW-peak photovoltaic (PV) power system for the Natural Bridges National Monument (NBNM). NBNM is located in a remote part of southeastern Utah and the PV system will operate in a stand-alone mode (i.e., no tie-in with a utility grid). Backup power will be supplied by an existing diesel-powered generator. The PV system and its individual components are being analyzed through the use of a computer simulation. Useful relationships have been found for system operating characteristics, array output, generator power usage, generator control strategy, storage losses and battery charge/discharge cycles. The system operating voltage can be set to extract maximum power from the array during the winter when that power is needed most. The generator operating strategy can be designed to minimize adverse effects on the batteries. Losses due to storage are offset by surplus array energy and by generator power.

Grossman, B.L.; Brench, B.L.; Bucciarelli, L.L.; Solman, F.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Image transmission over OFDM channel with rate allocation scheme and minimum peak-toaverage power ratio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes new scheme for efficient rate allocation in conjunction with reducing peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Modification of the set partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT) image coder is proposed to generate four different groups of bit-stream relative to its significances. The significant bits, the sign bits, the set bits and the refinement bits are transmitted in four different groups. The proposed method for reducing the PAPR utilizes twice the unequal error protection (UEP), using the Read-Solomon codes (RS), in conjunction with bit-rate allocation and selective interleaving to provide minimum PAPR. The output bit-stream from the source code (SPIHT) will be started by the most significant types of bits (first group of bits). The optimal unequal error protection (UEP) of the four groups is proposed based on the channel destortion. The proposed structure provides significant improvement in bit error rate (BER) performance. Per...

Mohammed, Usama S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Combustion Process in a Spark Ignition Engine: Analysis of Cyclic Maximum Pressure and Peak Pressure Angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze the cycle-to-cycle variations of maximum pressure $p_{max}$ and peak pressure angle $\\alpha_{pmax}$ in a four-cylinder spark ignition engine. We examine the experimental time series of $p_{max}$ and $\\alpha_{pmax}$ for three different spark advance angles. Using standard statistical techniques such as return maps and histograms we show that depending on the spark advance angle, there are significant differences in the fluctuations of $p_{max}$ and $\\alpha_{pmax}$. We also calculate the multiscale entropy of the various time series to estimate the effect of randomness in these fluctuations. Finally, we explain how the information on both $p_{max}$ and $\\alpha_{pmax}$ can be used to develop optimal strategies for controlling the combustion process and improving engine performance.

G. Litak; T. Kaminski; J. Czarnigowski; A. K. Sen; M. Wendeker

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

462

A semi-custom dual channel peak hold circuit for spaceborne instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A monolithic dual channel peak hold circuit is developed using a semi-custom Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC). The circuit is designed specifically for spaceborne instrumentation that requires low power operation and low mass packaging. Each independent circuit holds positive pulses and consists of a differential transconductance amplifier followed by a one way current amplifier. Input gate and output hold functions are enabled by standard TTL or CMOS logic levels. To accommodate a range of applications. quiescent power is adjustable for performance-power tradeoff or can be disabled for single channel use. Fabricated with dielectrically isolated vertical geometry NPN and PNP transistors the circuit is inherently radiation-hard and immune to transient upset.

Sweet, M.R.; Grace, K.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A semi-custom dual channel peak hold circuit for spaceborne instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

A monolithic dual channel peak hold circuit is developed using a semi-custom Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC). The circuit is designed specifically for spaceborne instrumentation that requires low power operation and low mass packaging. Each independent circuit holds positive pulses and consists of a differential transconductance amplifier followed by a one way current amplifier. Input gate and output hold functions are enabled by standard TTL or CMOS logic levels. To accommodate a range of applications. quiescent power is adjustable for performance-power tradeoff or can be disabled for single channel use. Fabricated with dielectrically isolated vertical geometry NPN and PNP transistors the circuit is inherently radiation-hard and immune to transient upset.

Sweet, M.R.; Grace, K.M.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Peaks and Troughs in Helioseismology: The Power Spectrum of Solar Oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a matched-wave asymptotic analysis of the driving of solar oscillations by a general localised source. The analysis provides a simple mathematical description of the asymmetric peaks in the power spectrum in terms of the relative locations of eigenmodes and troughs in the spectral response. It is suggested that the difference in measured phase function between the modes and the troughs in the spectrum will provide a key diagnostic of the source of the oscillations. I also suggest a form for the asymmetric line profiles to be used in the fitting of solar power spectra. Finally I present a comparison between the numerical and asymptotic descriptions of the oscillations. The numerical results bear out the qualitative features suggested by the asymptotic analysis but suggest that numerical calculations of the locations of the troughs will be necessary for a quantitative comparison with the observations.

Colin S. Rosenthal

1998-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

Performance improvement of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak electric auxiliary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design and construction of a heat pump system suitable for incorporating in a space solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility are described. The performance of the system is evaluated. The refrigerating capacity, heating capacity and compressor horsepower for a heat pump system using a piston type compressor are first determined. The heat pump design is also matched with the existing University of Toledo solar house heating system. The refrigerant is Freon-12 working between a condensing temperature of up to 172/sup 0/F and evaporator temperature between 0/sup 0/F and 75/sup 0/F. The heat pump is then installed. Performance indices for the heat pump and the heating system in general are defined and generated by the on-line computer monitoring system for the 1979/80 heating season operation. Monthly and seasonal indices such as heat pump coefficient of performance, collector efficiency, percent of heating load supplied by solar energy and individual components efficiencies in general are recorded. The data collected is then analyzed and compared with previously collected data. The improvement in the performance resulting from the addition of a piston type compressor with an external motor belt drive is then evaluated. Data collected points to the potentially improved operating performance of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility. Data shows that the seasonal percent of space heating load supplied by solar is 60% and the seasonal percent cost of space heating load supplied by solar is 82% with a solar collection coefficient of performance of 4.6. Data also indicates that such a system would pay for itself in 14 years when used in Northwest Ohio.

Eltimsahy, A.H.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Modeling of GE Appliances in GridLAB-D: Peak Demand Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The widespread adoption of demand response enabled appliances and thermostats can result in significant reduction to peak electrical demand and provide potential grid stabilization benefits. GE has developed a line of appliances that will have the capability of offering several levels of demand reduction actions based on information from the utility grid, often in the form of price. However due to a number of factors, including the number of demand response enabled appliances available at any given time, the reduction of diversity factor due to the synchronizing control signal, and the percentage of consumers who may override the utility signal, it can be difficult to predict the aggregate response of a large number of residences. The effects of these behaviors can be modeled and simulated in open-source software, GridLAB-D, including evaluation of appliance controls, improvement to current algorithms, and development of aggregate control methodologies. This report is the first in a series of three reports describing the potential of GE's demand response enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid. The first report will describe the modeling methodology used to represent the GE appliances in the GridLAB-D simulation environment and the estimated potential for peak demand reduction at various deployment levels. The second and third reports will explore the potential of aggregated group actions to positively impact grid stability, including frequency and voltage regulation and spinning reserves, and the impacts on distribution feeder voltage regulation, including mitigation of fluctuations caused by high penetration of photovoltaic distributed generation and the effects on volt-var control schemes.

Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat GNVSR; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

2012-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

467

Assessment of high temperature nuclear energy storage systems for the production of intermediate and peak-load electric power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased cost of energy, depletion of domestic supplies of oil and natural gas, and dependence on foreign suppliers, have led to an investigation of energy storage as a means to displace the use of oil and gas presently being used to generate intermediate and peak-load electricity. Dedicated nuclear thermal energy storage is investigated as a possible alternative. An evaluation of thermal storage systems is made for several reactor concepts and economic comparisons are presented with conventional storage and peak power producing systems. It is concluded that dedicated nuclear storage has a small but possible useful role in providing intermediate and peak-load electric power.

Fox, E. C.; Fuller, L. C.; Silverman, M. D.

1977-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

468

TSNo s02-peak104427-P Direct Determination of Phosphate Species in Alum-Amended Poultry Litter.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TSNo s02-peak104427-P Title Direct Determination of Phosphate Species in Alum-Amended Poultry been fully addressed. We used XANES spectroscopy at the P k edge to directly determine the speciation

Sparks, Donald L.

469

The Role of the North Atlantic Oscillation in Shaping Regional-Scale Peak Seasonal Precipitation across the Indian Subcontinent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study focuses on the impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) in shaping the regional-level precipitation during the peak months of the two main rainy seasons over the Indian subcontinent. Monthly precipitation data from 1871 to ...

Shouraseni Sen Roy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Methods, systems and apparatus for approximation of peak summed fundamental and third harmonic voltages in a multi-phase machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, system and apparatus are provided for quickly approximating a peak summed magnitude (A) of a phase voltage (Vph) waveform in a multi-phase system that implements third harmonic injection.

Ransom, Ray M. (Big Bear City, CA); Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Kinoshita, Michael H. (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Measurement of Tropospheric Trace Gases at Fritz Peak Observatory, Colorado, by Long-Path Absorption: OH and Ancillary Gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The determination of the concentration of the hydroxyl radical in the troposphere is of fundamental importance to an understanding of the chemistry of the lower atmosphere. Described here are experiments located at Fritz Peak Observatory, ...

George H. Mount; Jerald W. Harder

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Energy, power, and office buildings : design and analysis of an off-peak cooling system using structural mass storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the electric utilities face ever increasing peak power production requirements, (mostly from the commercial sector) scheduled "time-of-day" pricing schemes have become imperative. At present, most conservation strategies ...

Mathis, Rory Christopher

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Advanced Gas Turbine Guidelines Summary of Overall Operating History and Experience from GE 7F in Peaking Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guideline report describes the operating history, performance, and maintenance protocol for advanced gas turbine units. It details the effects of peaking service on the integrity and life of hot-gas-path parts such as buckets and combustors and the frequency of hot gas path inspections. The results have serious implications for the reliability, availability, and maintainability of these units when subjected to peaking operation.

1997-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

Development of a dispatchable PV peak shaving system. Final report on PV:BONUS Phase 2 activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In July 1993, the Delmarva Power and Light Company (now Conectiv, Inc.) was awarded a contract for the development of a Dispatchable Photovoltaic Peak Shaving System under the US Department of Energy PV:BONUS Program. The rationale for the dispatchable PV peak shaving system is based on the coincidence between the solar resource and the electrical load in question. Where poor coincidence exists, a PV array by itself does little to offset peak demands. However, with the addition of a relatively small amount of energy storage, the energy from the PV array can be managed and the value of the PV system increases substantially. In Phase 2, Delmarva Power continued the refinement of the system deployed in Phase 1. Four additional dispatchable PV peak shaving systems were installed for extended testing and evaluation at sites in Delaware, Maryland, Wisconsin and North Carolina. A second type of system that can be used to provide back-up power as well as peak shaving was also developed in Phase 2. This PV-UPS system used a packaging approach nearly identical to the PV peak shaving system, although there were significant differences in the design of the power electronics and control systems. Conceptually, the PV-UPS system builds upon the idea of adding value to PV systems by increasing functionality. A prototype of the PV-UPS system was installed in Delaware for evaluation near the end of the contract period.

Ferguson, W.D. [Conectiv, Inc., Wilmington, DE (United States); Nigro, R.M. [Applied Energy Group, Inc., Hauppauge, NY (United States)

1999-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

475

Analysis of the need for intermediate and peaking technologies in the year 2000. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This analysis was conducted to assess the impact of load management on the future need for intermediate- and peak-generating technologies (IPTs) such as combustion turbines, pumped storage, and cycling coal plants. There would be a reduced need for IPTs if load-management activities such as time-of-use pricing, together with customer-owned energy-storage devices, hot-water-heater controls, and interruptible service can economically remove most of the variation from electric power demands. The objective of this analysis is to assess the need for IPTs in an uncertain future, which will probably include load management and time-differentiated electricity prices. The analysis is exploratory in nature and broad in scope. It does not attempt to predict the future or to model precisely the technical characteristics or economic desirability of load management. Rather, its purpose is to provide research and development planners with some basic insights into the order of magnitude of possible hourly demand shifts on a regional basis and to determine the impact of load management on daily and seasonal variations in electricity demand.

Barrager, S.M.; Campbell, G.L.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

MEASUREMENT OF THE ANALYZING POWER IN PP ELASTIC SCATTERING IN THE PEAK CNI REGION AT RHIC.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The analyzing power A{sub N} for pp elastic scattering is expected to reach a peak value of 0.045 in the Coulomb Nuclear Interference (CNI) region at a momentum transfer -t of 0.003 (GeV/c){sup 2}. During the 2004 RHIC Run, we completed a measurement of A{sub N} in the CNI region by detecting the recoil protons from pp elastic scattering using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV RHIC proton beam. We report the first measurements of the A{sub N} absolute value and shape in the -t range from 0.0015 to 0.010 (GeV/c){sup 2} with a precision better than 0.005 for each A{sub N} data point. The recoil protons were detected with two arrays of Si detectors. The absolute target polarization as monitored by a Breit-Rabi polarimeter was stable at 0.924 {+-} 0.018. This result allows us to further investigate the spin dependence of elastic pp scattering in the very low -t region.

MAKDISI,Y.; OKADA,H.; ALEKSEEV,I.G.; BRAVAR,A.; BUNCE,G.; ET AL

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

477

Model of peak separation in the gamma lightcurve of the Vela pulsar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The separation $\\del$ between two peaks in the gamma-ray pulse profile is calculated as a function of energy for several polar cap models with curvature-radiation-induced cascades. The Monte Carlo results are interpreted with the help of analytical approximations and discussed in view of the recent data analysis for the Vela pulsar (Kanbach 1999). We find that the behaviour of $\\del$ as a function of photon energy $\\epsilon$ depends primarily on local values of the magnetic field, $B_{\\rm local}$, in the region where electromagnetic cascades develop. For low values of $B_{\\rm local}$ ($ \\et$, in hollow-column models the separation $\\del$ increases (whereas in filled-column model it decreases) rapidly with increasing $\\epsilon$, at a rate of $\\sim 0.28$ of the total phase per decade of photon energy. The existence of critical energy $\\et$ is a direct consequence of one-photon magnetic absorption effects. In general, $\\et$ is located close to the high-energy cutoff of the spectrum, thus photon statistics at $\\et$ should be very low. That will make difficult to verify the existence of $\\et$ in real gamma-ray pulsars. Spectral properties of the Vela pulsar would favour those models which use low values of magnetic field in the emission region ($B_{\\rm local} \\simless 10^{11}$ G) which in turn implies a constant value of the predicted $\\del$ within EGRET range.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2000-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

478

Simulating Injectate/Rock Chemical Interaction In Fractured Desert Peak Quartz Monzonite  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Simulations of the interactions of injected fluids with minerals within an engineered fracture in a sample of Desert Peak quartz monzonite were compared with experimental observations of fluid chemistry and fracture permeability. The observed decrease in permeability and effective hydraulic aperture was much more rapid ({approx}1.0 {micro}m/day) for a core injected with a mixed salt solution containing dissolved silica (near-saturation injectate), compared to cores injected with NaCl (far-from-saturation injectate) ({approx}0.1 {micro}m/day). Simulations were in qualitative agreement with these observations. Near-saturation injectate is predicted to result in net precipitation of secondary phases in the fracture ({approx}0.12 {micro}m/day), compared to a net dissolution of the rock for the far-from-saturation injectate ({approx}0.3 {micro}m/day). Permeability loss for the near-saturation-injectate is ascribed to precipitation in the fracture as well as potential dissolution of primary mineral asperities. Permeability loss for the far-from-saturation fluid is ascribed to dissolution of asperities and smoothing of the fracture. Post-test analysis of the fracture surface will be necessary to verify the processes occurring. The simplified geochemical models used do not account for mineral heterogeneity or for distributions of fluid residence times which could be important controls on permeability evolution. Further analysis is planned to explicitly account for these phenomena.

Viani, B; Roberts, J; Detwiler, R; Roberts, S; Carlson, S

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Role of the BATSE Instrument Response in Creating the GRB E-Peak Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. All gamma-ray bursts are observed to have approximately the same characteristic gamma-ray energy. We show in this article that for bursts in the BATSE data set, this property as measured by the E-peak value is not an instrumental effect, but a physical property of gamma-ray bursts. 1. The Characteristic Photon Energy of Bursts The prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts is observed predominately at several hundred keV. This is one of the most interesting features of gamma-ray bursts, since it is not easily explained by most theories of prompt gamma-ray emission. In particular, the internal and external shock theories predict a wide variation in the characteristic gamma-ray energy both during a burst and between bursts. It is therefore imperative to know whether this is a physical characteristic of bursts, or a consequence of an instrumental effect. In this article, we discuss the instrumental effects that arise when observing gamma-ray bursts with the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO).[2] The primary points that affect

J. J. Brainerd; G. Pendleton; R. Mallozzi; M. S. Briggs; R. D. Preece

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Implications of 'peak oil' for atmospheric CO{sub 2} and climate - article no. GB3012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unconstrained CO{sub 2} emission from fossil fuel burning has been the dominant cause of observed anthropogenic global warming. The amounts of 'proven' and potential fossil fuel reserves are uncertain and debated. Regardless of the true values, society has flexibility in the degree to which it chooses to exploit these reserves, especially unconventional fossil fuels and those located in extreme or pristine environments. If conventional oil production peaks within the next few decades, it may have a large effect on future atmospheric CO{sub 2} and climate change, depending upon subsequent energy choices. Assuming that proven oil and gas reserves do not greatly exceed estimates of the Energy Information Administration, and recent trends are toward lower estimates, we show that it is feasible to keep atmospheric CO{sub 2} from exceeding about 450 ppm by 2100, provided that emissions from coal, unconventional fossil fuels, and land use are constrained. Coal-fired power plants without sequestration must be phased out before midcentury to achieve this CO{sub 2} limit. It is also important to 'stretch' conventional oil reserves via energy conservation and efficiency, thus averting strong pressures to extract liquid fuels from coal or unconventional fossil fuels while clean technologies are being developed for the era 'beyond fossil fuels'. We argue that a rising price on carbon emissions is needed to discourage conversion of the vast fossil resources into usable reserves, and to keep CO{sub 2} beneath the 450 ppm ceiling.

Kharecha, P.A.; Hansen, J.E. [NASA, New York, NY (United States). Goddard Institute for Space Studies

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "qualifiers chromatography peak" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EIS No. 20100312 EIS Comanche Peak Nuclear Power Plant Units 3 and 4  

SciTech Connect

In accordance with Section 309(a) of the Clean Air Act, EPA is required to make its comments on EISs issued by other Federal agencies public. Historically, EPA has met this mandate by publishing we