National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for quad ril lion

  1. Introduction The Steller sea lion, Eumetopias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (including Shantarsky and Sakhalin Distribution and Abundance of Steller Sea Lions, Eumetopias jubatus, but a new rookery was established at Tuleny Island on the east- ern coast of Sakhalin Island. We estimate

  2. KT McDonald, N Souchlas August 1, 2014 1 Shielding of the Final Focus Quads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    KT McDonald, N Souchlas August 1, 2014 1 Shielding of the Final Focus Quads K.T. McDonald, N. Souchlas August 1, 2014 #12;KT McDonald, N Souchlas August 1, 2014 2 Shielding of the Final Focus Quads (N of the last Final-Focus quad, Use superconducting quads, Must shield against radiation from the target. MARS

  3. Thermoregulation in Steller Sea Lions: a modelling approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscow, Emma Victoria Heather

    2001-01-01

    condition. Under the environmental conditions tested in water, Steller sea lions appear to require additional energy for thermoregulation, unless they are moving and generating additional heat as a result of the locomotion. While resting in air sea lions...

  4. EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    371 EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS Marine Biological LaboratoryKernan, Director EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS by Fredrik V. Thorsteinson, Richard;#12;EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS by Fredrik V. Thorsteinson, Bureau of Commercial

  5. Hi-LION: Hierarchical Large-Scale Interconnection Optical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Hi-LION: Hierarchical Large-Scale Interconnection Optical Network With AWGRs [Invited] Zheng Cao, Roberto Proietti, and S. J. B. Yoo Abstract--This paper proposes Hi-LION, a hierarchical large wavelength routing property of AWGRs together with electrical switching inside the processors, Hi-LION can

  6. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC Application from Lion Shield Energy to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-415 Lion Shield...

  7. Carroll P. Quade Deputy for Test and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll P. Quade Deputy for Test and Evaluation Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research&E) for the Department of Navy. In this position, he acts as the senior advisor on all T&E matters to ASN RDA and the Chief of Navy Operations via the Director, Navy Test and Evaluation and Technology Requirements, OPNAV N

  8. The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group MIT Media Laboratory 20 Ames Street E15 OF CONTENTS ----------------- 1. ASCII SERIAL FISH PROTOCAL 2. HOW TO MAKE FISH ANTENNA 3. CALIBRATION SOFTWARE INSTALLATION 4. HOW TO CALIBRATE A FISH 5. COMPONENT PLACEMENT 6. SCHEMATICS 7. PARTS LIST HOW

  9. HABITAT PREFERENCES OF CALIFORNIA SEA LIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    , curvature of shoreline, and availability of shade, water pools, and resting areas--at 26 sites (7 islands) occupied by sea lions and 33 unused sites (8 islands) distributed throughout the Gulf of California, Mexico are likely to play a role in the prevention of heat stress in sea lions, suggesting that increases

  10. Thermoregulation in Steller sea lions: an experimental approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, Kate

    2004-01-01

    captive Steller sea lions using heat flux sensors (HFSs) with embedded thermistors. Optimal sensor placement was determined using infrared thermography to measure the major pathways of heat flow along the surface of the animals. Experiments were...

  11. QUAD RESIDENCE POND ROAD/SENTINEL ROAD LOT CONSTRUCTION August 21, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUAD RESIDENCE POND ROAD/SENTINEL ROAD LOT CONSTRUCTION August 21, 2014 Further to the notice issued on July 25 in regards to changes to the Sentinel and Pond Road parking lots flowing from the Quad and the Pond Road parking lots. Effective September 1, 2014 the remaining southern portion of the Sentinel

  12. Aalborg Universitet Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liso, Vincenzo

    ., & Liso, V. (2013). Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel cell oxide fuel cell system and absorption heat pump Irene Albacete Cachorroa ,Iulia Maria DarabanaAalborg Universitet Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel

  13. XT Node Architecture Let's Review: Dual Core v. Quad Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DDR2 · 10GB/s peak @ 667MHz · 8GB/s nominal STREAMs Quad Core · Core · 2.1Ghz clock frequency · SSE to L1,L2,L3 · Memory · Dual Channel DDR2 · 12GB/s peak @ 800MHz · 10GB/s nominal STREAMs #12;Cray XT4 Node 9.6 GB/sec 9.6GB/sec 9.6 GB/sec 9.6GB/sec 2 ­ 8 GB 12.8 GB/sec direct connect memory (DDR 800) 6

  14. Metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoopes, Lisa Ann

    2009-05-15

    as function of body mass for all sea lions within their TNZ................................................................................ 50 7 Whole body metabolic rate as a function of body mass for sea lions measured at 2, 4, and 8 ?C water... ................................................................................................ 173 50 Comparison of the metabolic expenditures for captive Steller sea lions in flowing, 8 ?C water and modified model results for sea lions with 1, 2 , and 3 cm of blubber...

  15. Mountain Lion 'MmJUN7-r946 WQDOS HOLE, MASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mm ^m' ''AzM. Mountain Lion 'MmJUN7-r946 WQDOS HOLE, MASS CIRCULAR 6 FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE U. S For sale by the Superintendent of Documents Washinston 25, D. C. : Price 5 cents #12;MOUNTAIN LION TRAPPING Service nPHE AMERICAN MOUNTAIN LION (Felis concolor) is one of J- the largest predatory animals

  16. FECAL DNA ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF MOUNTAIN LION PREDATION OF BIGHORN SHEEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    FECAL DNA ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF MOUNTAIN LION PREDATION OF BIGHORN SHEEP HOLLY B. ERNEST Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Abstract: We analyzed fecal DNA to identify individual mountain lions (Puma) in the Peninsular Ranges of California from 1993­1999. We identified 18 different mountain lions at 26 bighorn sheep

  17. Cosmological parameter estimation with QUaD CMB polarization and temperature experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Memari, Yasin

    2009-01-01

    In this thesis we examine the theoretical origin and statistical features of the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation. We particularly focus on the CMB power spectra and cosmological parameter estimation from QUaD CMB ...

  18. An embedded controller for quad-rotor flying robots running distributed algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian, Brian John

    2009-01-01

    Multiple collaborating quad-rotor flying robots are useful in a broad range of applications, from surveillance with onboard cameras to reconfiguration of wireless networks. For these applications, it is often advantageous ...

  19. THE SEALS, SEA-LIONS, AND SEA OTTER OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hispida (RINGED SEAL) Erignathus barbatus (BEARDED SEAL) Monachus schauinslandi (HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL the title implies that these animals are to be found along the Pacific Coast, one species, the monk sealTHE SEALS, SEA-LIONS, AND SEA OTTER OF THE PACIFIC COAST Marine Biological Laboratory OODS HOLE

  20. Design and construction of a novel quad tilt-wing UAV E. Cetinsoy, S. Dikyar, C. Hancer, K.T. Oner, E. Sirimoglu, M. Unel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?nel, Mustafa

    Design and construction of a novel quad tilt-wing UAV E. Cetinsoy, S. Dikyar, C. Hancer, K.T. Oner 12 March 2012 Available online xxxx Keywords: UAV Quad tilt-wing Aerodynamic design Carbon composite VehIcle). SUAVI is an electric powered quad tilt-wing UAV that is capable of vertical takeoff

  1. FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Portable Unit (Generation 2, Generation 3 Single/Dual, and Generation 4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man Portable Unit (Generation 2, Generation 3 Single;FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Quad Radio Router and Man

  2. FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Document Version 5.2 Persistent Systems Page 1 of 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proprietary Security Policy Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board Level 1Proprietary Security Policy: Persistent Systems Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board Document Version 5 Policy for the Wave Relay Single, Dual, and Quad Radio Board. #12;FIPS 1402 NonProprietary Security

  3. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    to leave the dock, enter the water, swim to the beach, andsea lion had jumped into the water at the cue of Match, the

  4. Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierotti, Raymond

    2013-03-07

    Review of Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific.

  5. Ecological and allometric determinants of home-range size for mountain lions (Puma concolor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    Ecological and allometric determinants of home-range size for mountain lions (Puma concolor) INTRODUCTION Mountain lions (Puma concolor) are distributed through- out much of California, including the Sierra Nevada mountains, Coastal Ranges, eastern Sierran deserts and suburban areas. Despite our

  6. Estimating Labels from Label Proportions Novi Quadrianto novi.quad@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caetano, Tiberio

    Estimating Labels from Label Proportions Novi Quadrianto novi.quad@gmail.com Alex J. Smola alex proportions, predict the labels of an- other set of observations, also with known label proportions) are available. The mixing proportions can be reliably estimated using random assignment to control and treatment

  7. Architecture-level Thermal Behavioral Models For Quad-Core Microprocessors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Sheldon X.-D.

    and architecture design of multi-core microprocessor. The estimated temperature at the architecture level can tools for thermal architecture modeling. Ex- isting work on the HotSpot project [8, 12] tried to resolve model- ing approach for fast temperature estimation at the quad- core thermal architecture level

  8. Green Lion Bio Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion Bio Fuels

  9. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Register Notice, Volume 80, No. 164 - Aug. 25, 2015 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 80, No....

  10. Foraging Ecology of Lactating Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) at Lovushki Island, Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivier, Paul

    2015-04-29

    A key objective of the National Marine Fisheries Service recovery plan for Steller sea lions (SSL – Eumetopias jubatus) is to protect critical habitats. Doing so relies in part on knowledge of SSL ecology based on time-depth ...

  11. COMPl:TI:I1 OR.ZPHICS .\\ND IMAOK PlWCI':SSING 10, %9-296 (197!), Linear Transformation of Pictures Represented by Quad Trees'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiglitz, Kenneth

    of Pictures Represented by Quad Trees' G. M. HUNTERS AND K. STEIGLITZ Departmcrtt of Electrical Engineering for a picture into a quad tree for the same picture after application of a general linear operator of the original picture, m is the number of regions, and p is a resolution parameter. 1. INTRODUCTION

  12. Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    250 Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina Mariano Nacional de la Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina E-mail address: koen, Argentina Mariano A. Coscarella Centro Nacional Patagónico (CONICET) and Universidad Nacional de la

  13. PREY OF THE STELLER SEA LION, EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS, IN THE GULF OF ALASKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the recent emphasis in offshore oil and gas devel- opment and the resulting potential for reduction or change of Alaska. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program Final Report. Juneau Project Office, P pinnipeds with largely overlapping distributions. METHODS Between 1975 and 1978, 250 sea lions were col

  14. 1407 Letters to the Editor 1407 merged sea lion uses intensity cues to localize under-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    1407 Letters to the Editor 1407 merged sea lion uses intensity cues to localize under- water sound Pinnipeds,"in Studies of Captive Wild Animals. edited by H. Markowitz and V. Stevens(Nelson-Hail, Chicago. J. McGillandJ.P. Goldberg,"Pure-toneintensitydis- orimination and energy detection," J. Aeoust. SCc

  15. The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias juba-tus) is the largest of the Otariidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the North Pacific Rim from California to Japan. Individuals breeding at rookeries1 located along the west North Pacific Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) population Kenneth W. Pitcher1 Peter F. Olesiuk2 population size as approximately 46,000-58,000 animals. 2 Pacific Biological Station Department of Fisheries

  16. The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Leah R territory sizes were associated with lower estimates of female fecundity within the same year. Female growth rate by lowering female fecundity. Females may attempt to offset male-related reductions in female

  17. Foraging behavior of juvenile steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrader, Wendy Jane

    2007-09-17

    Bernd Würsig Committee Members, Fran Gelwick Doug Biggs Head of Department, Robert Brown May 2006 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences iii ABSTRACT Foraging Behavior of Juvenile Steller Sea Lions... in the Gulf of Alaska. (May 2006) Wendy Jane Schrader, B.A., University of California, Santa Cruz Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Markus Horning Dr. Bernd Würsig Relating the behavior of predators to prey density is an important aspect...

  18. Reliance Industries Ltd RIL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETEREFURecent contentSWand TransferLLCLLCRIL Jump

  19. If the behavior of otariids at sea is similar to that exhibited by the entangled sea lion, then drowning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a larger net. Additionally, because the net was so tightly wrap- ped around the sea lion's neck, necrosis swimming could continue to tighten the net. Although several authors (Scordino and Fisher fn. 1) have, easily iden- tified by the eight dark saddle-like bl

  20. Characterizing the winter movements and diving behavior of subadult Steller sea lions (eumetopias jubatus) in the north-central Gulf of Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Holly Beth

    2007-04-25

    Steller sea lion distribution, indicated by grey areas on the map ......................3 2 Map displaying 2003 and 2004 SSL capture sites in PWS and Resurrection Bay, Alaska... 33,000 and 75,000 animals (Trites and Larkin 1996, Calkins et al. 1999, Loughlin and York 2000, Sease and Taylor 2001). 3 Fig. 1. Current Steller sea lion distribution, indicated by grey areas on the map (NOAA/NMFS/NMML). Prince...

  1. The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;ii ABSTRACT The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of the bioenergetic not resume growth until sometime after November. The bioenergetic model was used to estimate the food

  2. Commissions Thses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Prsident UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    Commissions Thèses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Président UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61 LACOMBE Corentin, Gestionnaire ADMINISTRATION DE L'UFR 929 corentin.lacombe@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 79 88 COLMEZ Pierre UMR 7586 INSTITUT DE MATHEMATIQUES DE

  3. A review of "The Huguenot Soldiers of William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah." by Matthew Glozier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward M. Furgol

    2003-01-01

    and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2002. xi + 228 pp. + 4 illus. $69.95. Review by EDWARD M. FURGOL, NAVY MUSEUM, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, D.C. As an early modern military historian the title of the book...

  4. Science Sunday at the Seymour CenterLife and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Science Sunday at the Seymour Center­­Life and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on? Santa Cruz, CA--The Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab kicks-off Science Sunday on February 21 at 1:00 PM. Science Sunday at the Seymour Center is a new monthly science

  5. Examination Schools Room Layout During Trinity Term use the Merton Street entrance and wait in the quad marquee until your examination is called. Outside of Trinity Term enter via the High Street entrance and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    South SchoolEast School SI Student Information Desk wc wc wc PLEASE NOTE: THERE IS NO CAR PARKING until your examination is called. Outside of Trinity Term please go directly to the Exam Hall. Reception Exam Office EXAM HALL wc Exam Office Reception wc QUAD MARQUEE WAITING AREA Entrance ­ via car park

  6. Simulation par la théorie de la fonctionnelle de la densité de l'interaction de l'ion uranyle avec les surfaces de $TiO_{2}$ et de $NiFe_{2}O_4$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perron, Hadrien

    2007-01-01

    Simulation par la théorie de la fonctionnelle de la densité de l'interaction de l'ion uranyle avec les surfaces de $TiO_{2}$ et de $NiFe_{2}O_4$

  7. A MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MODEL OF THE M87 JET. I. SUPERLUMINAL KNOT EJECTIONS FROM HST-1 AS TRAILS OF QUAD RELATIVISTIC MHD SHOCKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, Masanori [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Garofalo, David; Meier, David L., E-mail: nakamura@stsci.ed, E-mail: david.a.garofalo@jpl.nasa.go, E-mail: david.l.meier@jpl.nasa.go [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2010-10-01

    This is the first in a series of papers that introduces a new paradigm for understanding the jet in M87: a collimated relativistic flow in which strong magnetic fields play a dominant dynamical role. Here, we focus on the flow downstream of HST-1-an essentially stationary flaring feature that ejects trails of superluminal components. We propose that these components are quad relativistic magnetohydrodynamic shock fronts (forward/reverse fast and slow modes) in a narrow jet with a helically twisted magnetic structure. And we demonstrate the properties of such shocks with simple one-dimensional numerical simulations. Quasi-periodic ejections of similar component trails may be responsible for the M87 jet substructures observed further downstream on 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3} pc scales. This new paradigm requires the assimilation of some new concepts into the astrophysical jet community, particularly the behavior of slow/fast-mode waves/shocks and of current-driven helical kink instabilities. However, the prospects of these ideas applying to a large number of other jet systems may make this worth the effort.

  8. A magnetohydrodynamic model of the M87 jet. II. Self-consistent quad-shock jet model for optical relativistic motions and particle acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, Masanori

    2014-04-20

    We describe a new paradigm for understanding both relativistic motions and particle acceleration in the M87 jet: a magnetically dominated relativistic flow that naturally produces four relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shocks (forward/reverse fast and slow modes). We apply this model to a set of optical super- and subluminal motions discovered by Biretta and coworkers with the Hubble Space Telescope during 1994-1998. The model concept consists of ejection of a single relativistic Poynting jet, which possesses a coherent helical (poloidal + toroidal) magnetic component, at the remarkably flaring point HST-1. We are able to reproduce quantitatively proper motions of components seen in the optical observations of HST-1 with the same model we used previously to describe similar features in radio very long baseline interferometry observations in 2005-2006. This indicates that the quad relativistic MHD shock model can be applied generally to recurring pairs of super/subluminal knots ejected from the upstream edge of the HST-1 complex as observed from radio to optical wavelengths, with forward/reverse fast-mode MHD shocks then responsible for observed moving features. Moreover, we identify such intrinsic properties as the shock compression ratio, degree of magnetization, and magnetic obliquity and show that they are suitable to mediate diffusive shock acceleration of relativistic particles via the first-order Fermi process. We suggest that relativistic MHD shocks in Poynting-flux-dominated helical jets may play a role in explaining observed emission and proper motions in many active galactic nuclei.

  9. Lion and Map of Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack [writer of accompanying material

    2012-03-05

    TRANSCRIPTION; MESSAGE: 2-15 PM; Aug 31-18; Dear [illegible] Jim; P/C To Hand all okay at the Bell Cheer o having a fine Time all is Well Jack; SENT TO: J Doyle Esq; 119 Woodland Rd; Cardiff; S.W

  10. QTLs for Energy Related Traits in a Sweet × Grain RIL Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Population 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felderhoff, Terry

    2012-10-19

    of Florida). vii NOMENCLATURE ANOVA Analysis of variance BLUP Best linear unbiased predictor CIM Composite interval mapping CS College Station, Texas IM Interval mapping NIRS Near-infrared spectroscopy RCBD Randomized complete block design...

  11. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16

    major reduction in water demand by crops for food, bioenergy and feed. Enhanced manipulation and selection for drought resistance therefore becomes imperative. From the water loss perspective, high leaf wax has been positively correlated with a... with area 3.85cm 2. For 1dm2 = EWL*100/3.85, where: UA590 = absorbance of sample (unknown optical density). 2.2.4 Canopy temperature depression Temperature was taken from the flag leaves between 11.45 am and 1.45pm when correlation of CTD at anthesis...

  12. Quad County Corn Processors | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url JumpTechnology JumpPrueba 1VenturePzero JumpQnovo Jump

  13. Lion Energy SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchemRemodelers CouncilLink toEnergy SA

  14. Lion Television films at Oak Ridge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015TrayDevices -

  15. A New Quad at Walton Street Arboricultural Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Street and Walton Lane. The trees have been planted in a staggered row with relatively even spaces. Due in an inaccessible location such that concerns over public safety are reduced to an acceptable level, it may not qualify in higher categories. Young trees with a stem diameter of less that 150mm should be considered

  16. A New Quad at Walton Street Ground Investigation Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    out by Geotechnical and Environmental Associates Limited (GEA) on the instructions of Stockley-brown and greyish brown sandy gravelly clay or a clayey gravelly sand with fragments of brick, concrete, ash and coal. The underlying Northmoor Sand and Gravel Formation initially comprised soft orange light brown

  17. J. Michael McQuade | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    acquisition, processing and display systems for health care, industrial imaging and remote sensing. He has broad experience managing basic technologies and the conversion of...

  18. Shalf_NUG2006_QuadCore.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541 Unlimited Release4:Seymour Sack, 2003Gas (BillionMemory

  19. J. Michael McQuade | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice| Department of Energy ReviewbeThe Office ofImpactJ. Michael

  20. Shallow gas off the Rhone prodelta, Gulf of Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    in press. What controls shallow gas in Western Adriatic Sea?L. , Arntsen, B. , 2003. Gas chimneys – indicating aseismic maping of shallow gas in the Belgian coastal zone.

  1. The Glory of a Lion is his Mane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (probably) Armitage, William [illustrator

    2012-03-05

    ) techniques such as high pressure CO2 injection may normally be required to recover oil in place in carbonate reservoirs. This study addresses how different rock types can influence the seismic monitoring of CO2 sequestration in carbonates. This research...

  2. Imara Corp formerly Lion Cells | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:HydrothermallyIFBIdea OneIllumitex JumpImara Corp

  3. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to exportEndure Energy,VitolSaracen Power toElanOrder

  4. Sign inBecome a MarketWatch member todayFront Page News Viewer Commentary Markets Investing Personal Finance Community Quad/Graphics Inc (QUAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for efforts like the plant cafeteria's coffee-cup refunds, which keeps thousands of styrofoam cups out

  5. "That's My Kind of Animal!" Designing and Assessing an Outdoor Science Education Program with Children's Megafaunaphilia in Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migliarese, Nicole Lynne

    2011-01-01

    mammalian vertebrates combined: bear, mountain lion, coyote,treatment) combined: bear, mountain lion, coyote, porcupine,

  6. The Cray XT4 Quad-core : A First Look Alam, Sadaf R [ORNL] [ORNL...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    addition to other significant changes. Although we have had very limited access to the machine and therefore are not presenting definitive performance results, we can share some...

  7. Handling collision debris in quad- and dipole-first LHC IR options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mokhov, N.V.; Rakhno, I.L.; /Fermilab

    2006-12-01

    Detailed MARS15 Monte Carlo energy deposition calculations are performed for two main designs of the LHC interaction regions (IR) capable to achieve a luminosity of 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}: a traditional quadrupole-first scheme and the one with a dual-bore inner triplet with separation dipoles placed in front of the quadrupoles. It is shown that with the appropriate design of the Nb3Sn magnets, IR layout and a number of protective measures implemented, both schemes are feasible for the LHC luminosity upgrade up to 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}.

  8. Characterization of a large CdZnTe coplanar quad-grid semiconductor detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The COBRA collaboration; Joachim Ebert; Claus Gößling; Daniel Gehre; Caren Hagner; Nadine Heidrich; Rainer Klingenberg; Kevin Kröninger; Christian Nitsch; Christian Oldorf; Thomas Quante; Silke Rajek; Henning Rebber; Katja Rohatsch; Jan Tebrügge; Robert Temminghoff; Robert Theinert; Jan Timm; Björn Wonsak; Stefan Zatschler; Kai Zuber

    2015-09-08

    The COBRA collaboration aims to search for neutrinoless double beta-decay of $^{116}$Cd. A demonstrator setup with 64 CdZnTe semiconductor detectors, each with a volume of 1cm$^3$, is currently being operated at the LNGS underground laboratory in Italy. This paper reports on the characterization of a large (2 $\\times$ 2 $\\times$ 1.5)cm$^3$ CdZnTe detector with a new coplanar-grid design for applications in $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy and low-background operation. Several studies of electric properties as well as of the spectrometric performance, like energy response and resolution, are conducted. Furthermore, measurements including investigating the operational stability and a possibility to identify multiple-scattered photons are presented.

  9. Quad Remote Diode and Local Temperature Sensor with SMBus Interface and TruThermTM Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    package Key Specifications Local Temperature Accuracy ±2.0°C (max) Remote Diode Temperature Accuracy ±0 Information Part Number Package Marking NS Package Number Transport Media LM95234CISD 95234CI SDA14B (LLP-14 Block Diagram 20106302 www.national.com 2 LM95234 #12;Pin Descriptions Label Pin # Function Typical

  10. Failure analysis for the dual input quad NAND gate CD4011 under dormant storage conditions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, Neil Robert

    2007-05-01

    Several groups of plastic molded CD4011s were electrically tested as part of an Army dormant storage program. These parts had been in storage in missile containers for 4.5 years, and were electrically tested annually. Eight of the parts (out of 1200) failed the electrical tests and were subsequently analyzed to determine the cause of the failures. The root cause was found to be corrosion of the unpassivated Al bondpads. No significant attack of the passivated Al traces was found. Seven of the eight failures occurred in parts stored on a pre-position ship (the Jeb Stuart), suggesting a link between the external environment and observed corrosion.

  11. Failure analysis for the dual input quad NAND fate CD4011 under dormant storage conditions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, Neil Robert

    2004-11-01

    Several groups of plastic molded CD4011 were electrically tested as part of an Army dormant storage program. For this test, parts had been in storage in missile containers for 4.5 years. Eight of the parts (out of 1200) failed the electrical tests and were subsequently analyzed to determine the cause of the failures. The root cause was found to be corrosion of the unpassivated Al bondpads. No significant attack of the passivated Al traces was found. Seven of the eight failures occurred in parts stored on a preposition ship (Jeb Stuart), suggesting a link between the external environment and observed corrosion.

  12. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A 46-foot tall blue, needle-shaped sculpture. The structure - tilted "A Needle Woman: Galaxy was a Memory, Earth is a Souvenir" - is part of Cornell's Council for the Arts'...

  13. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY14Q3 Quad Chart

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site: City ofNovelQ3: Charles E.

  14. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY14Q4 Quad Chart

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site: City ofNovelQ3: Charles

  15. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q1 Quad Chart

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site: City ofNovelQ3: Charles1800

  16. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q2 Quad Chart

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site: City ofNovelQ3:

  17. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q3 Quad Chart

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site: City ofNovelQ3:Q3: Charles

  18. The Cray XT4 Quad-core : A First Look (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformationTITLE: AUTHOR(S) SUBMITTEDConference: The

  19. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY14Q3 Quad Chart.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory | National

  20. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY14Q4 Quad Chart.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory | National(Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Dish

  1. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q1 Quad Chart (Technical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory | National(Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

  2. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q2 Quad Chart (Technical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory | National(Technical Report) | SciTech

  3. Dish Stirling High Performance Thermal Storage FY15Q3 Quad Chart (Technical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory | National(Technical Report) | SciTechReport) | SciTech

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025 U.S.2779344791

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025 U.S.27793447912

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025 U.S.277934479123

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025 U.S.2779344791234

  8. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 2025

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and6 20256 Shares of U.S.

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.4 Electric and Generic Quad Carbon Emissions

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and69 Energy74714463456

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.4 Electric and Generic Quad Carbon Emissions

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential and69 Energy747144634562

  12. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    experience with mirrors to efficiently use the properties ofwith mirrors to do so efficiently, much like human children

  13. No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea Lions Eumetopias jubatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    899 No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea and Trites 1997). This increase in me- tabolism during digestion has often been treated in bioenergetic little or no interaction between these two bioenergetic parameters (e.g., Klassen et al. 1989; Mac

  14. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01

    a street vendor, a double-decker bus, various other motorKong’s red taxis and double-decker buses passing by Honga replica of an old double- decker tram or ride on the back

  15. Incorporating uncertainty in spatial structure for viability predictions: a case study of California sea lions (Zalophus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    State University, Tempe, AZ, USA 2 CICIMAR-IPN, La Paz Baja California Sur, Mexico Keywords California) and Holmes & Fagan (2002) modified and tested a DA method for datasets corrupted by observation error

  16. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01

    314   Figure 19: The menu of the Starbucks bing320   Figure 20: The interior of Starbucks bingbeen commodified (i.e. the Starbucks on Duddell Street has

  17. Human Disturbance Influences Reproductive Success and Growth Rate in California Sea Lions (Zalophus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    . To do so requires an understanding of the impact of human activities and changing environmental States of America, 2 Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State (Zalophus californianus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Increased human presence was associated

  18. Variation of mitochondrial control region sequences of Steller sea lions: the three-stock hypothesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Alyson Renee

    2004-09-30

    -statistics at the regional level. The Commander Islands clearly associate with Alaskan western stock rookeries, not with the Asian rookeries. Within each of the three stocks there is significant isolation by distance among rookeries. This relationship does not hold...

  19. Changes in auditory sensitivity with depth in a free-diving California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    of sound energy, because of the air­ water barrier at the tympanic membrane, where theoretically, almost tanks, and may not accurately represent the auditory functioning of free-ranging animals, especially if hearing sensitivity changes with water depth. Underwater auditory thresholds were determined

  20. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01

    discrete spatio-temporal offshore MPAs for lactating femalewith fisheries. Moreover, offshore MPAs designed for the2 (Hoyt, 2011). Almost no offshore protected areas (feeding

  1. Weak Polygyny in California Sea Lions and the Potential for Alternative Mating Tactics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologi´a (Scholarship No. 95802). The funders had no role in study design

  2. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    yellow and orange Nerf © football, and a small yellowobject to present (e.g. , Football, Box, Broom, or Rope) to

  3. VOCAL COMMUNICATION AND INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN BREEDING SOUTH AMERICAN SEA LIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    on several acoustic traits. We identi ed four calls for adult males: high pitched call or HPC (aggressive agonistic encounters); and two for adult females: mother primary call or MPC (female-pup interactions for their mothers, if nursing was interrupted, or when trying to nurse). Our results suggest that male's HPC

  4. Potential Non-lethal Deterrence Methods for Pacific Harbor Seals and California Sea Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · pyrotechnics (e.g., bird screamers, bangers, underwater firecrackers, cracker shells) · starter pistols

  5. DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    , comparable to those in Hawaiian monk seals, and higher than those in southern elephant seals. The health risk

  6. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01

    Monument for the Hawaiian monk seal and Desertas Islands insuch as the Hawaiian and Mediterranean monk seals (Monachussuch as the Hawaiian and Mediterranean monk seals (Monachus

  7. Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

    2010-01-01

    should be removed, or acid mine drainage should be treated.cost of ongoing acid mine drainage, and use those revenueshighly impacted by acid mine drainage and urbanization. Past

  8. How to Replace a Lion? Hawai'i Prepares for Budget Life Without Dan Inouye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belt, Todd L.

    2015-01-01

    the labeling of genetically modified foods, and a bill toof genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food called for

  9. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÇOISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  10. ECOLOGY OF MOUNTAIN LIONS (Puma concolor) IN THE NORTH DAKOTA BADLANDS: POPULATION DYNAMICS AND PREY USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in creating and maintaining the automated GPS location retrieval system and database of locations; I know. You always had words of wisdom and encouragement to help me through the many "character building. Grove) driving out in the middle of the night to help with captures. Brian Hosek was integral

  11. How to Replace a Lion? Hawai'i Prepares for Budget Life Without Dan Inouye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belt, Todd L.

    2015-01-01

    Target Land Development, GMO. ” Honolulu Star-Advertiser,say there is no nutritional difference between GMO andnon-GMO foods, and labels will increase the price of food. A

  12. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC | Department of EnergyServices, LLC:Energy, LLC |

  13. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | Department ofMarketing, LLC |Inc.:

  14. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    032614 Correspondence between SWPA and 13 members of Congress: Paul Broun, R-GA, Rodney Davis R-IL, John Delaney, D-MD, Jeff Denham R-CA. Robert Dold R-IL, Bill Enyart D-IL, Bill...

  15. The Diurnal Path of the Sun: Ideology and Interregional Interaction in Ancient Northwest Mesoamerica and the American Southwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiowetz, Michael Dean

    2011-01-01

    such animals as bears, mountain lions, bighorn sheep, andPaquimé, including bison, bear, mountain lion, antelope and

  16. Flat Is Not Dead: Current and Future Performance of Si-MEMS Quad Mass Gyro (QMG) System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    /Honeywell MEMS gyroscope and the majority of MEMS gyroscopes in the consumer electronics and automotive the drift of Class I CVGs is to mount the MEMS IMU on a gimbaled platform, which reorients the sensors

  17. C:\\Users\\alasky\\AppData\\Roaming\\SoftQuad\\XMetaL\\5.5\\gen\\c\\H5297...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    terms of loans to be made; ''(iv) the geographic area to be served and the economic, poverty, and unemployment characteristics of the area; ''(v) the status of small business...

  18. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Chair; Carol Browner; Michael Greenstone; Michael McQuade;

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummaryDISTDepartment ofPrime MinisterDepartment ofSummitthe USUS Summary

  19. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming Upgrades to the ARM MMCRs: Improved RadarEnergy

  20. Education and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    Construction Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital Varsity Lot Jordan Quad

  1. Observations on the incidence and significance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in food fish for captive California sea lions, Zalophus californianus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beleau, Marshall Harold

    1973-01-01

    Since V. arahaemol ticus is known to be pathogenic to humans and mice, and also pathogenic to dogs and cats experimentally, ' there is a possibility the organism will elicit a similar reaction in sealions. [11 Personal Communications: K. N. Gray, Sea-Arama... at Sea-Arama Marineworld, Galveston, Texas and eight maintained at the Naval Undersea Research and Develop- ment Center, San Diego, California were used for fecal examinations. Serum samples from four Z. californianus maintained at Sea-Arama...

  2. Cap de Creus canyon: a link between shelf and slope sediment dispersal systems in the western Gulf of Lions, France 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeGeest, Amy Louise

    2006-04-12

    river, ~160 km to the NE). It is hypothesized that the westernmost Cap de Creus canyon is intercepting the regional sediment-transport pathway and directing it offshore, allowing significant sediment export through this area. The overall goal...

  3. Cyclical changes in seroprevalence of leptospirosis in California sea lions: Endemic and epidemic disease in one host species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Book R: A Language and Environment for StatisticalR Development Core Team: R: A Language and Environment for Statistical

  4. Soccer LaCrosse Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    17 POWER HOUSE 29 MCGUGIN COMPLEX 50 NPHC FRATERNITIES 53C KAPPA ALPHA THETA 84 JESUP PSYCHOLOGY 145A WESLEY PLACE RETAIL 233A 2007 TERRACE PL 271 NPHC SORORITIES 53A CANOE STORAGE 237 1810 EDGEHILL QUAD: VAUGHN 8B B QUAD: SCALES 8CB QUAD: MARKET 8D B QUAD: STAPLETON 8E MAYFIELD B 126B MAYFIELD D 126D

  5. A firmware implementation of a Quad HOLA S-LINK to PCI Express interface for use in the ATLAS Trigger DAQ system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slenders, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The firmware for a PCI Express interface card with four on-board high-speed optical S-LINKS (FILAREXPRESS) has been developed. This was done for an Altera Stratix II GX FPGA. Furthermore, detection of the available channels through a pull-up resistor and a readout of the on-board temperature sensor were implemented.

  6. C:\Users\cbenson\AppData\Roaming\SoftQuad\XMetaL\5.5\gen\c\h933_enr.xml

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLCEfficiency | DepartmentEnergyofC3E also7-82)3-238 (or

  7. Underwater Mirror Exposure to Free-Ranging Naïve Atlantic Spotted Dolphins (Stenella frontalis) in the Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne; Herzing, Denise

    2013-01-01

    false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and Californiafalse killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and sea lions (

  8. Marine Mammals Enact Individual Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne

    2010-01-01

    false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and Californiafalse killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and sea lions (

  9. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    a certain amount of energy: useful energy. 0.1 quad (Note that 0.1 quad of useful energy from a solar system Theto provide a unit of useful energy can be extended to the

  10. Illuminating the background : topics in cosmic microwave background polarization research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Nathan James

    2012-01-01

    red), QUaD (green), and BICEP (blue). The power spectrum ispower spectrum along with measurements from WMAP (red), SPT (green), andred), QUaD (green), and BICEP (blue). The power spectrum is

  11. PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP ON NATIONAL/REGIONAL ENERGY-ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING CONCEPTS, MAY 30 - JUNE 1, 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritschard, R.L.

    2010-01-01

    Urban Studies & Planning Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts EDWARD QUADE 1120 Pulgas Place Pacific Palisades, California DAVID SANDOVAL Energy

  12. Undergraduate Parallel Computing at USF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Valerie

    : one with four dual-core Opterons, two with two quad-core Xeons · All systems run versions of Fedora

  13. Control of alongshore-oriented sand spits on the dynamics of a wave-dominated coastal system (Holocene deposits, northern Gulf of Lions, France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    by relative sea-level changes, and is successfully analysed with 2D sequence stratigraphy cross-shore models. It is observed that in areas like the Maguelone shore, traditional sequence stratigraphy methods might the neighbouring Rhône deposits that display numerous thick deltaic sequences related to a continuous sediment flux

  14. Nuclear and mtDNA lineage diversity in wild and cultured Pacific lion-paw scallop, Nodipecten subnodosus (Baja California Peninsula, Mexico)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Jessica L.; Ibarra, Ana Maria; May, Bernie

    2010-01-01

    in panmixia. The proportion of variation explained betweensigni?cant proportion of the variation (3.8%) is explained

  15. Lion and Lamb—The Strong Black Woman Gets Abused: “Afflictions of Specialness” in Post-Feminist and Post-Civil Rights Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Samantha N.

    2009-01-01

    Wave: A Reader in Feminist Film Theory, ed. Linda Nicholson.Domestic Violence in American Films. Violence and AmericanGormley, Paul. The New-Brutality Film: Race and Affect in

  16. -A Science Service Foature 7 WHY THT WEATHER 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No. 299 April 26 -A Science Service Foature 7 WHY THT WEATHER 7 D r . Charlcs E'. Brooks, ._discusses: of Clark Univorsity, -AF'RIL SHOVES The reputation of April. for changeable ,and showery weather

  17. Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on NLP&LOD and SWAIE, pages 811, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the 2010 Bil- lion Triple Challenge (BTC) data set, as well as DBpedia (Auer et al., 2007) and Free

  18. Cross-linguistic studies of lexical access and processing in monolingual English and bilingual Hind?-English speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Gowri Krovi

    2006-01-01

    tiger letter/papers lightbulb lightning/thunder switch lionleaf leopard/cheetah lightbulb lion lips lipstick lock log

  19. Local information Downtown Restaurants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, G. Jogesh

    Lion Inn), Adam's Apple (220 E College) · Coffee shops: Saint's Café (123 W. Beaver), Starbucks (141 S

  20. Phenotypic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Richard Esten

    2011-08-08

    , an analysis of both the phenotypic and genetic responses of two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations was conducted. RIL populations Halberd x Cutter and Halberd x Karl 92 (H/K) both derive heat tolerance from Halberd and segregate in their response... ............................................................................... 61 3.2 Photosynthetic rate (a), relative photosynthetic rate (b), transpiration (c), and conductance (d) of wheat cultivars under 38?C heat stress at 10 days after pollination...

  1. United States Forest Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkeley California 94701 Mountain Lions: Pre iminary FindingsonHome-Range Use and Density in the Cenfia, Donald L.; Steger, George N.; Bertram, Ronald C. Mountain lions: preliminary findings on home-range use December 1985, 19 mountain lions were captured, radio equipped, and monitored daily within a por- tion

  2. HumanWildlife Conflicts 2(2):194199, Fall 2008 How people should respond when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by a black bear, mountain lion, or wolf, most respondents said to fight back. Opinion was divided over, carnivores, grizzly bear, human­wildlife conflicts, mountain lion, predator attacks, wolf Attacks by large). Black bears (Ursus americana), grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), mountain lions (Puma concolor), and gray

  3. March 28, 2014 SEAB Meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Joskow, Task Force Chair Nuclear Nonproliferation update, Al Carnesale, Task Force Chair High Performance Computing update, Shirley Ann JacksonMichael McQuade, Task Force...

  4. NOA Accelerator Upgrades: Phil Adamson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    than remaking existing quads · ALARA 10 #12;53 MHz RF in Recycler · Build 3 RF cavities · A, B and hot

  5. Pathways Toward Sustainable Bioenergy Feedstock Production in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    toward greater sustainability. We are providing actionable information on the life cycle environmental impacts of biomass production and use. 2 3 Quad Chart Overview * Project...

  6. ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ion","Nuclear","Exelon Nuclear",2277 4,"Quad Cities Generating Station","Nuclear","Exelon Nuclear",1819 5,"Baldwin Energy Complex","Coal","Dynegy Midwest Generation Inc",1775...

  7. Summer 2015Hours* Beginning 5/11/15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    .syr.edu Join us for the annual Strawberry Festival Friday, June 12 10 a.m. - 2 p.m. On the Quad Joi S #12;

  8. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Freidenrich Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital

  9. Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    BioE/ChemE Building Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital Varsity Lot Jordan

  10. Education and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    Construction Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital

  11. Education and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    Construction Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital Varsity Lot Jordan

  12. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Freidenrich Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Hall Cowell Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce

  13. Bing Concert Hall, under construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Godzilla Thornton Center Bambi Roble Gym Terman Engineering Center Forsythe Hall Spruce Hall Cypress Hall

  14. Education and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    Construction Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell

  15. Education and Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bejerano, Gill

    Construction Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Construction Lucile Packard Children Wilbur Hall Kimball Hall Cowell Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad

  16. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Galvez Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell

  17. The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities Overview...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities 216 Solar (0.1 Quads year, 2011) Definition: Solar is photovoltaic electricity net generation (EIA 2012) and includes photovoltaic...

  18. Cell 131, November 16, 2007 2007 Elsevier Inc. 651 chromatin but also an independent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kowalczykowski, Stephen C.

    is an astonishing engineering achievement powered by the fusion of two V8 engines to create a single W16 quad-turbocharged

  19. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    States Transportation Energy Demand, 2025 California EnergyUse for Transportation· California Energy Use forVI- 9 California Energy Use for Transportation (quads) 2.

  20. PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    University of Oklahoma, Energy alternatives: A comparative ~use at 6.2 Quad. lb. Energy Alternatives for Cali fornial! ,RAND estimate ("Energy Alternatives for California: Paths to

  1. Design Space and Performance Analysis of the Hybrid Memory Cube The Hybrid Memory Cube is an emerging main memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    be operated at higher throughput and lower energy per bit compared to traditional DDRx memory. This technology's performance, we compare the execution of HMC, Buffer-on-Board, and quad channel DDR3-1600 main memory systems full-system execution time over an extremely aggressive quad channel DDR3-1600 system by a factor

  2. Western Nanofabrication Facility Salam R. I. Gabran, Ph.D. candidate, supervisors; Prof. R. R. Mansour & Prof. M. M. A. Salama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    introducing enhanced functionalities and biocompatibility. One of the designs was developed to create multi-shaft strength, as well as minimize its DC resistance. The final quad-shaft electrode provided 24 channels each and connected by the buried via. Fig-2. SEM picture of the electrode shaft with six pads Fig-3. Quad-shaft intra

  3. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    Nigeria and Angola would capture $3.5 tril- lion in cumulative oil and gasOil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6, 2008. Abuja, Nigeria.

  4. Date: 1/14/2009 10:41:06 AM - Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan 14, 2009 ... lariat h I'Energie Atomique, Masson, Paris, (1984). 6. G. Duvaut and J .-L. Lions, Ineqaalitiel in Mechanics and Physics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ...

  5. Evaluating Wildlife Corridor Linkages: Do Freeway Underpasses Connect the Peninsular and Transverse Mountain Ranges?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Michelle L.

    2011-01-01

    some lessons from mountain lions in Southern California.and J.L. Doherty. 1985. Managing mountain goats at a highwaythe Peninsular and Transverse Mountain Ranges? A Thesis

  6. Russian Regional Flags: Flags of the Subjects of the Russian Federation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platoff, Anne M.

    2009-01-01

    of the flags have wild ani- mals—five have lions, three havedown from the clouds toward the ani- mal, strengthening its

  7. From the letter of Newton to Oldenburg (to be forwarded to Leibniz ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-09-06

    Later Newton's students, “jackals of the lion”, as L. T. Moore calls them, said that Leibniz stole his calculus from Newton by deciphering the above sentence.

  8. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fuel costs account for the lion's share. Therefore, we present below, electricity generation output by fuel type and generator type. Since the generatorfuel mix of utilities...

  9. On the analysis of a non-isothermal model for superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-31-00

    Sep 3, 2003 ... electro-magnetic energies through Joule heating. ...... [20] J. L. Lions, Control of Distributed Singular Systems, Gauthier-Villars, Paris. (1985).

  10. Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaffka, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01

    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

  11. BRYN EVANS Curriculum Vitae AUGUST 2014 BRYN ELEN HUTCHINS EVANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerial telemetry - 60+ flight hours Kill site analysis of deer mortalities Mountain lion feeding site analysis Set baited and unbaited trail cameras Hair snares for black bear DNA Plant ID and habitat-tailed deer via darting Tule elk via darting, helicopter netting Mountain lion via hounds, live trapping

  12. Results (cont.) Trends for each site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    attendance. Sites were mapped using Google Earth.Weather data were obtained through OGIMET website for Adak. Effects of weather (mild versus severe based on average wind speed or wind gust velocity) on sea lion Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) and Weather During the Non-breeding Season in the Western Aleutian Islands

  13. Design and Implementation of a Thrust-Vectored Unmanned Tail-Sitter with Reconfigurable Wings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    and expanded polyolefin (EPO) foam, U-Lion is equipped with an array of avionic components which enable stable. The propulsion of U-Lion comes from a self-fabricated contra-rotating motor fixed on a gimbal mechanism which can change the direction of the motor for the required thrust. This thrust-vectored propulsion system

  14. Journal of Theoretical Biology 249 (2007) 218234 The influence of vigilance on intraguild predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Robert D.

    2007-01-01

    , Palomares and Caro (1999) found 97 pairwise interactions between mammalian carnivores, with 27 top predator are killed by lions (Panthera leo; Laurenson, 1995; Schaller, 1972). Interestingly, however, Palomares, and lions are believed to never consume the cheetahs they have killed (Laurenson, 1995; Palomares and Caro

  15. The Jaguar system consists of an 84 cabinet quad-core Cray XT4 system and 200 upgraded Cray XT5 cabinets, using six-core processors. The XT4 has 8 gigabytes of memory per node while the XT5 has 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Budapest" processor coupled with 8 gigabytes of DDR2-800 memory. The XT5 is a double-density version Opteron has directly attached 8 gigabytes of DDR2-800 memory. The result is a dual-socket, twelve. High-throughput networks among its systems and upgraded connections to ESnet (Energy Sciences Network

  16. AN OVERVIEW OF WWF GFTNAN OVERVIEW OF WWF GFTN ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE FOREST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the standards of forest mgt (RIL, HCVF etc) Providing technical support and guidance to companies to meet Weak Law enforcement and non-compliance Low technical capacity in certification & SFMLow technical attention from SFM and certification to legality Low operational standardsLow operational standards compared

  17. SURVEY OF FISHING IN 1000 PONDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SURVEY OF FISHING IN 1000 PONDS in 1959 HUG ^^^ri^L UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE Circular 86 #12;Cover. --Fishing in a pond, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Arnle J. Suomela, Coimnissioner BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE

  18. The Role of Leaf Epicuticular Wax an Improved Adaptation to Moisture Deficit Environments in Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Suheb

    2014-05-02

    recombinants and 2 replications was used with two distinct treatments (water deficit and control conditions) at each of 5 environments. The inheritance of leaf EW was low (15%) due to a high environmental influence. The RILs grown under water deficit produced...

  19. LONG TERM FILE MIGRATION - PART II: FILE REPLACEMENT ALGORITHMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Smith, Alan

    2011-01-01

    ~~"-' ,m . I 'f'-~I I ,/:? :RIlNG SET r -t j IS) iO" 1C. ~ETNR(LSIZEt>ClIISS)/ '.I~RllNG LJ.J 8DGO Ot\\ YS ~~:\\ j3 1 :in ~ill particular a batch lng OD aEriv~l phenomenon r by

  20. Energy Department Invests Nearly $8 Million to Develop Next-Generation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    systems are the largest energy end-use in buildings, using almost 14 quadrillion British thermal units (quads) of primary energy annually, or nearly 30% of all energy used in U.S....

  1. Lithology and cyclicity in the deposition of the Middle Ordovician McKee Sand member of the Tulip Creek Formation (Simpson Group) in the Tobosa Basin of Southeast New Mexico and West Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosco, Michael John

    1999-01-01

    in quads sand grain size and percentage of clay and carbonate composition accompanied by sharp breaks and repetition in facies delineate this cyclicity. The McKee Sand is largely composed of sandstones, muddy sandstones, and sandy mudstones. The sandstones...

  2. A synchronous communication system for a software-based Byzantine fault tolerant computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterling, Reuben Marbell

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes the redesign of a Byzantine-resilient, quad-redundant computer to remove proprietary hardware components. The basic architecture consists of four Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) processors in a ...

  3. CSCE 6933/5933 Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    ? Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems (1) ASIC (2) Sun UltraSparc (3) PentiumPro Core 2 Quad: (2006) 3 #12 into very thin base layer controls large currents between emitter and collector ­ Base currents limit

  4. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    estimated 3.6 quads of primary energy, which is equivalentThe impacts cover primary energy savings and water savings,with standards: (1) primary energy savings; (2) additional

  5. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2011-01-01

    savings. Annual Reduction in Primary Energy Use for Best-on-Product Annual Reduction in Primary Energy Use for Max Tech30-year Baseline Primary Energy Use (quads) Annual Primary

  6. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    estimated 3.2 quads of primary energy, which is equivalentof total cumulative primary energy savings and 55 to 66of total cumulative primary energy savings and 34 to 45

  7. Gerber-JGI

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a standard Linux configuration, or need up to 48 GB of memory on a node. Dedicated to HPC Cloud Computing research 4,480 compute cores 560 compute nodes Two quad-core Intel Nehalem...

  8. Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    BioE/ChemE Building S-3 Parking Struct. 3 Bioengineering/Chemical Engineering Building, Under Hall Cowell Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce

  9. Building Blocks for Medicaid Success A presentation by Shelley Dietzman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Building Blocks for Medicaid Success A presentation by Shelley Dietzman Provider Relations to CHS Office of Student Affairs, Northwest Quad, Building B, Room 6425 or chsadv@uwm.edu #12;

  10. 2.1E Supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelmann, F.C.

    2010-01-01

    version added HERM-CENT-COND-PWR HERM-CENT-COND-TYPE P -QUAD V 4 , 3 HERM-REC-COND-PWR P - PLANT-PARAMETERS V 2 . .FT DEFROST-CAP-FT DEFROST-PWR-FT HPDefrst HPDefrst HPDefrst

  11. Flow visualization around cylinders in a channel flow using Particle Image Velocimetry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Ramiro Serna

    1994-01-01

    The objective of the undertaken study was to apply state-of the-art Particle Image Velocimetry to measure full field turbulent flow around cylinders, starting with one cylinder and eventually to a quad cylinder arrangement. Particle Image...

  12. APPENDIX A DISTRIBUTION LIST Federal Government Agencies Army...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    birds on the county list should be considered regardless of whether they appear on a quad list. Plants Any plants on your list are ones that have actually been observed in the area...

  13. THE LBL 88-INCH CYCLOTRON OPERATING WITH AN ECR SOURCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, D. J.

    2010-01-01

    Quad magnet (Doublet) Klystrons Laser Table Lasers Atomicstage uses a 1 kW 9.2 GHz klystron (typical power 100 W) andstage uses a 3 kW 6.4 GHz klystron (typical power 400 W).

  14. Jefferson Lab Boasts Virginia's Fastest Computer | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    units wired together to function as one. It is built of 396 nodes, or individual computers, each containing two Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) quad-core 1.9 GHz processors with...

  15. NPS041003 1 Approved for Public Release (Distribution Unlimited)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Single / Dual · Dual / Triple · Triple · Quad # Flt Computers · Airliner (150M- 500M) · Fighter (50M · COMMs * · Payloads · ECS / Fuel Mgmt * · Ground segment C2* * Could be Flt Critical #12;NPS041003 12

  16. Micro-Scale Complex Flows Enables Robust DNA Replication, Enhanced Transport and Tunable Fluid-Particle Interactions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priye, Aashish

    2015-03-27

    analysis app. These advancements make it possible to provide gold standard nucleic acid-based diagnostics to remote field sites using consumer class quad-copter drones. The surprising interplay between reactions and micro-scale convective flows led us...

  17. Office of Environmental Sustainability Volume 1, Issue 2 May 20, 2008 Sustainability Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    volunteers planting trees and spreading mulch near State Quad. (Photo by Mark Schmidt) Interim President and plastic. Our goal is to have 10 new bins, 5 of each kind at a cost of approximately $2,000. The UAS has

  18. 2.1E BDL Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelmann, F.C.

    2010-01-01

    PARAMETERS EQUIPMENT-QUAD HEAT-RECOVERY LOAD-ASSIGNMENTfor default curves. ] HEAT-RECOVERY(HEAT-R l) SUPPLY-l(S-l)(TYPE(V-T)(—;GLOBAL,PLANT,HEAT-RECOVERY END-USE, L O A D S -

  19. Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    studies Figure 4: Net Energy and Petroleum input from select23 Figure 4: Net Energy and Petroleum input from select~ 5 quads of fuel energy). Besides petroleum reduction and

  20. Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    studies Figure 4: Net Energy and Petroleum input from select23 Figure 4: Net Energy and Petroleum input from select~ 5 quads of fuel energy). Besides petroleum reduction and

  1. A geographic information system (GIS) based determination of estuarine and marine wetland and shoreline changes in the Galveston Bay estuary from 1995 to 2002 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Christina Claudette

    2008-10-10

    for each of the quads (ex. Cove_95). The projection and coordinate system for a layer image were set during layer creation. A habitat field was added to the attribute table of each quad layer to allow classification by habitat based on the Cowardin...………………………... ..................................................... 25 6 Changes in the Trinity Bay portion of Galveston Bay Estuary (Highlands, Cove, Anahuac, Laporte, Morgans Point, Umbrella Point, and Oak Island) of the Galveston Bay System from 1995-2002............. 28 7 Map of the changes...

  2. A pedigree study of Arabian horses in the United States of America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazder, P. J

    1952-01-01

    Animals. Diagram Showing Interrelationship Between the Jellabiet Feysul Female Line and the 14ale Lines of Saklavi I and Jamil El Kebir. Interrelationships of Important Stallions of the Zobeyni Hale Linea " RUTl. ". 8. &52. an inixed sta3. lion...

  3. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish Hydropower Operations Minimize Hatchery Straying Manage Competition and Predation Actions Reduce Sea Lion Predation Reduce the effects of Hydropower Operations Protect spawning in developing criteria to select projects · Four projects submitted to BPA for 2011 · Fourteen in preparation

  4. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and Workshops, III. The First Generation Mycenaean Masters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1984-01-01

    Master, Late 7: M V Lion Master, Other Objects 8, 9: Mrsrcr of the Gold Cup, NMA 656 @ 5 ,AA\\lqD 10 +)A1AL John G. Younger 55 Fig. 3 27, 22: M-Y Lion Master: pylos Jewel 23: M-Y Lion Master: Pimple-Eye Sheep 24: M Y Lion Master: Vapheio Dogs 25-30: Buxom... context); abronze dagger NMA 747 and a sword NMA /4g, both from Shaft Grave V 4::":r:t:d sealtngs. Kn HMs 336.(KSPI L 5O), Kn HMs 369 (KSpI Ec), Kn HMs 321(KSPI R J7)/AT 146/Kz zo, and Kn no No. 115 (Betts r2jlAT n4:; AT 112, 11.3,144, and 117lSK 8; and...

  5. The effects of exercise on stereotypic pacing in circus tigers and the effects of transport environments on body temperature of circus tigers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nevill, Christian Heath

    2002-01-01

    Two experiments were conducted that examined the housing and transportation of tigers and lions that perform in circuses. The first experiment involved allowing tigers access to an exercise pen for 0, 20, or 40 minutes a day, and other than...

  6. Cross-country study on the promotion of new pharmaceutical products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Jayeeta

    2006-01-01

    Detailers are one of the most powerful components of pharmaceutical marketing. Drug manufactures spend a lion's share of their marketing budgets on their detailers, and with direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing coming under ...

  7. A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Cinema: Shakespeare's Comedies in Film and Television

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamb, Wendy Nicole

    2010-01-01

    it is a lion, a female brewery owner, or an action star, thesilly film set in Elsinore Brewery that follows the comedicas they go to “Elsinore Brewery” to try to get free beer.

  8. Collaboration for Community and Forest Well-Being in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    bears, mountain lion, elk, moose, deer, coyote, and cold-water fLh describe something of the ruggedness. The Mission Mountain and the Bob ikfarshall WiIdernessAreas, the Flathead National Forest, the PLum Creek

  9. GOLDFISH AND THEIR CULTURE IN JAPAN By Shinnosuke Matsubara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a strawberry. 111 this state it is called" shishi- gashira (lion-headed) 'ranchu." Owing to the fact form with strawberry-like protuberances on the head. The body is big and longer than that of the ryukin

  10. ACCELERATION SYSTEMS FOR HEAVY-ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltens, A.

    2010-01-01

    ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION A. Fa1tens, D. L.ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION A. Faltens, D.L.generation through inertial confinement fusion have been set

  11. 06/09/2006 09:03 AMScienceDaily: Swimming Robot Tests Theories About Locomotion In Existing And Extinct Animals Page 1 of 2http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060530200046.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Jr., John H.

    feeds | Free newsletter Madeleine, a biologically inspired underwater robot, is helping scientists To Trot, Study Finds Related Encyclopedia Articles Earless seal Sea Lion Ichthyosaur Fossil record Harbor : Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior Encyclopedia Prehistorica Dinosaurs

  12. Aerobic capacities in the heart, kidneys, and splanchnic organs of harbor seals: adaptations to diving hypoxia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuson, Amanda Lynn

    2002-01-01

    Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) have an elevated mitochondrial volume density [Vv(mt)] and citrate synthase (CS) and ?-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOAD) activity in their swimming muscles, to maintain aerobic metabolism, as an adaptation...

  13. Negotiating with Bounded Rational Agents in Environments with Incomplete Information Using an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    Department of Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel 52900. bDepartment of Government and Politics issues over which mil- lions of lives are at stake, such as interstate disputes [25] and nuclear

  14. his issue of Resource is about the future of agriculture, so let's talk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    more from the earth's limited resources, we have a huge challenge, and a huge opportunity. A recent and a half bil- lion residents. Those millions need to eat ... " ... and they will need shelter, water

  15. A comparison of diversity in the zfy gene in two species of pinnipeds with different breeding strategies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweny, Jason Michael

    2006-04-12

    Sequence variation was examined for the Zinc-finger Y (zfy) gene and the mitochondrial control region for two species of pinnipeds, the Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The two species ...

  16. Organized Workers and the Making of Los Angeles, 1890-1915

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stansbury, Jeffrey D

    2008-01-01

    his inability to negotiate a buyout of that company and thethe city to complete its buyout as quickly as possible andonly $1.5 mil- lion on the buyout itself. Organized labor

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Expression of Purinergic Receptors in Non-melanoma Skin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    has risen signi¢cantly over the last 10 y (Holme et al, 2000). An esti- mated 2.75 million cases of NMSC are diagnosed per year world- wide (Strom and Yamamura, 1997), with approximately one mil- lion

  18. THE TALE OF A GEOMETRIC INEQUALITY S.Tabachnikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabachnikov, Sergei

    Olympiad, where the following problem was given: A lion runs inside the round arena of a circus. The radius and more transparent. Another problem with the Lagarias­Richardson approach is that it does not prove

  19. The United States and disarmament, 1921-1934 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Roy

    1968-01-01

    be abolished. To this utterly z idiculous lIsaiah 2 proposal, the lion and tiger, looking sideways at the rhinocerous, declared, "Horns must be abolished. " Siding with the rhinocerous, the bull said, "Paws, and especially claws must be abolished. " "Claws.... Once inside the relative safety of their quarters, the animals began to look upon one another with a friendlier attitude. 2 The Prussian "eagle", the Eritish "lion", the Russian "bear" and all the European powers whose parallels may readily...

  20. habitat 58 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    Binders (Lion through Valero) .................................................... 30 Figure II-9. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged PMAs and Base Binders (Wright through MnRoad) ........................... 32... xii Page Figure II-10. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged PMAs and Base Binders (Lion through Valero) .................................. 32 Figure II-11. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged...

  1. Teoria de la Demostracion Axiomas y Reglas de Inferencia para los sistemas axiomaticos: PM, L y K.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camacho, David

    ( ( )) ( ( )). 5. A5( ) (( ) ( )). Reglas de Inferencia RI-PM: 1. Regla de Sustituci´on (RI1). Dada una tesis fbf es tambi´en una tesis del sistema. 2. Regla de Separaci´on (RI2). Modus Ponens 3. Regla de( ( )) (( ) ( )). 3. A3(¬ ¬) ( )). Reglas de Inferencia RI-L: 1. Regla de Sustituci´on (RI1). Dada una tesis

  2. Ogmios 05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    1997-01-01

    tt : - ditor: icholas . . stler lis y: oundation for ndangered anguages, at east illa, ail r a e, Bath lJAl , la e- ailnostler®chibcha.de on.co.uk ti f r r g s is l t t e t f il s , i ersit f Bristol. e: / - - a... : / - - . it i l ....................... ....... . l t f t ti .......................................... ir t r ( ) , i f r , - l : ll f r rti i ti r l ti , ril , i r ....................................................................... s f tr...

  3. Integrated Analysis of Phenology, Traits, and QTL in the Drought Tolerant Sorghum Genotypes BTx642 and RTx7000 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weers, Brock D.

    2012-10-19

    ................................... 20 2.7 BTx642 and RTx7000 individual leaf dry weight ..................................... 21 2.8 BTx642 and RTx7000 total leaf area time course ...................................... 22 2.9 BTx642 and RTx7000 individual leaf area... lines grown in the field in 2009 and 2010 .................. 166 8.2 Analysis of variance across field conditions in 2009-2010 for root size parameters in the BTx642 x RTx7000 RIL population...

  4. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous propane-nitrogen mixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, Don

    1952-01-01

    ??IxTURE AS CALO:LATM& "RO? PRE BEAT I. - ~RIl, ), El AN &', gi)ATIOR OR STATE (liters por ~rr I ) RT(1 - o/vT3) (Cr. mole atm ). er liter v Bo(1 - b) (liters per r oIe) Ao(1 - a) vs v (p 8rrrp at?sos tpr ur*, atmos (Pv RT 0 0900 0 1050...

  5. LIFE vs. LWR: End of the Fuel Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J C; Blink, J A; Shaw, H F

    2008-10-02

    The worldwide energy consumption in 2003 was 421 quadrillion Btu (Quads), and included 162 quads for oil, 99 quads for natural gas, 100 quads for coal, 27 quads for nuclear energy, and 33 quads for renewable sources. The projected worldwide energy consumption for 2030 is 722 quads, corresponding to an increase of 71% over the consumption in 2003. The projected consumption for 2030 includes 239 quads for oil, 190 quads for natural gas, 196 quads for coal, 35 quads for nuclear energy, and 62 quads for renewable sources [International Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0484, Table D1 (2006) p. 133]. The current fleet of light water reactors (LRWs) provides about 20% of current U.S. electricity, and about 16% of current world electricity. The demand for electricity is expected to grow steeply in this century, as the developing world increases its standard of living. With the increasing price for oil and gasoline within the United States, as well as fear that our CO2 production may be driving intolerable global warming, there is growing pressure to move away from oil, natural gas, and coal towards nuclear energy. Although there is a clear need for nuclear energy, issues facing waste disposal have not been adequately dealt with, either domestically or internationally. Better technological approaches, with better public acceptance, are needed. Nuclear power has been criticized on both safety and waste disposal bases. The safety issues are based on the potential for plant damage and environmental effects due to either nuclear criticality excursions or loss of cooling. Redundant safety systems are used to reduce the probability and consequences of these risks for LWRs. LIFE engines are inherently subcritical, reducing the need for systems to control the fission reactivity. LIFE engines also have a fuel type that tolerates much higher temperatures than LWR fuel, and has two safety systems to remove decay heat in the event of loss of coolant or loss of coolant flow. These features of LIFE are expected to result in a more straightforward licensing process and are also expected to improve the public perception of risk from nuclear power generation, transportation of nuclear materials, and nuclear waste disposal. Waste disposal is an ongoing issue for LWRs. The conventional (once-through) LWR fuel cycle treats unburned fuel as waste, and results in the current fleet of LWRs producing about twice as much waste in their 60 years of operation as is legally permitted to be disposed of in Yucca Mountain. Advanced LWR fuel cycles would recycle the unused fuel, such that each GWe-yr of electricity generation would produce only a small waste volume compared to the conventional fuel cycle. However, the advanced LWR fuel cycle requires chemical reprocessing plants for the fuel, multiple handling of radioactive materials, and an extensive transportation network for the fuel and waste. In contrast, the LIFE engine requires only one fueling for the plant lifetime, has no chemical reprocessing, and has a single shipment of a small amount of waste per GWe-yr of electricity generation. Public perception of the nuclear option will be improved by the reduction, for LIFE engines, of the number of shipments of radioactive material per GWe-yr and the need to build multiple repositories. In addition, LIFE fuel requires neither enrichment nor reprocessing, eliminating the two most significant pathways to proliferation from commercial nuclear fuel to weapons programs.

  6. Geospatial Semantics for Topographic Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usery, Lynn

    2013-01-24

    )) } } This query selects all of the features that overlap the Sentinel quad, including itself. 52 53 54 Environmental and Other Thematic Maps We will search for EPA sites within 5 km of Pittsburg Firehouse near Sentinel. 55 GeoSPARQL Query to Connect EPA...)) } } This query selects all of the features that overlap the Sentinel quad, including itself. 52 53 54 Environmental and Other Thematic Maps We will search for EPA sites within 5 km of Pittsburg Firehouse near Sentinel. 55 GeoSPARQL Query to Connect EPA...

  7. Opportunities for Efficiency Improvements in the U.S. Electricity Transmission and Distribution System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick K.; Onar, Omer C.; Kirkham, Harold; Fisher, Emily; Burkes, Klaehn; Starke, Michael R.; Mohammed, Olama; Weeks, George

    2015-04-01

    Since 2000, more than 172 quads of electricity have been transmitted on the US transmission and distribution (T&D) grid. Given this significant amount of energy flow, establishing and maintaining an efficient T&D grid is paramount. As shown in the figure below, the total percentage of overall losses in the US electric grid is approximately 6% (5.12% in 2012) (30% lower than the world average since 2000). While these efficiency losses appear to be relatively small from a percentage perspective, the total estimated electricity loss during this time is 10.8 quads.

  8. Broad area search for regions and objects of interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N; Pope, Paul A

    2011-01-12

    A quad chart provides an overview on the on-going project 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest' funded by the DOE Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development. Specifically, the quad chart shows: (1) Project title 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest'; (2) PI and Co-investigators; (3) Concept Panel outlining the project's approach built upon front-end scale-space image analysis; (4) Technical Challenges posed by the project, such as robustness, non-conformities, disparate spatial configuration and weak correlation between presence of objects of interest and low-level description of the surrounding geospatial background; and (5) Planned Accomplishment.

  9. CAMP PARKING PERMIT VALID LOT G ONLY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burg, Theresa

    PERMIT No. SUMMER CAMP PARKING PERMIT VALID LOT G ONLY (REFER TO SIGNS IN PARKING LOT TO ENSURE RD. Aperture Lake LOT F LOT FS LOT J LOT N LOT C University Day Care The Quad Summer Camp Parking Lot PROPER USE) VALID FROM: JUNE 29, 2015 TO: AUG 28, 2015 VALID ONLY DURING TIMES BELOW PARKING ANYWHERE

  10. Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garland, Michael

    Harmonic Functions for Quadrilateral Remeshing of Arbitrary Manifolds S. Dong , S. Kircher, M on the use of smooth harmonic scalar fields defined over the mesh. Given such a field, we compute its for cutting the surface into patches. Key words: quad-dominant remeshing, gradient flow tracing, harmonic

  11. III.3Quadratic K-Theory and Geometric Topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Definition of L-Groups (when 2 is a Unit) .................................... 632 3.5 Symmetric with an (anti)-involution -: R R, and with choice of central unit such that = 1. Then one can ask, and let F: KQuad(R, -, ) KR be the forget map. Then the Witt groups W0(R, -, ) = coker K0R H K0Quad

  12. Quadratic K-theory and Geometric Topology Bruce Williams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Bruce

    .edu Introduction Suppose R is a ring with an (anti)-involution -: R R, and with choice of central unit. Then the Witt groups W0(R, -, ) = coker(K0R H - K0Quad(R, -, )) W1(R, -, ) = ker(F : KQuad1(R, -, ) F - K1R

  13. 1100 12001000 1300 1400 1500 1700 1800 700900800600500400300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auditorium East Quad ROTC Center 513 Pickens St. Thomas Cooper Library McBryde Quadrangle Bull St. Garage GARDEN South Tower Patterson Sims WadeHampton McClintock St. Thomas More Center Campus Ministry Center Pinckney/ Legare RutledgePresident's House South Caroliniana Library Elliott/Harper DeSaussure Thornwell

  14. SI 541/741, History 661 Prof. Paul N. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    of standards, such as shipping containers, library catalogs, classification systems, TCP/IP, HTML, and metadata North Quad KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES Syllabus v 2.2 -- October 28, 2013 (with presenters from the medieval world to the present. We will focus mainly on knowledge and information

  15. Menglong Zhu 3330 Walnut St, GRASP Lab, Levine 403 Mobile: 215-350-9218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    SIFT, PCA-SIFT, Harris, SURF, FAST Age and Gender Prediction on Human faceProjects · Won the first prize in course project competition(among about 80 students) Path planning via Quad-tree Decomposition-tree structure, 10 times faster than planar grid · Full planning pipeline within Gazebo simulation Computer

  16. Towards Real Time Optimal Auto-tuning of PID Controllers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Aaron Jamison

    2013-08-22

    board comes equipped with 512MB of DDR3-1600 RAM. Our design environment was a Microsoft Windows 7 PC with an AMD Phenom 9500 Quad-Core processor at 2.20 GHz with 8 GB of DDR3 RAM hosting Ti’s Code Composer Studio version 5.3 for programming...

  17. LUC: Limiting the Unintended Consequences of power scaling on parallel transaction-oriented workloads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butt, Ali R.

    consumption. Such devices attempt to balance performance and energy use dynamically to match the changing: Dell T3500 using a W3550 3.00 GHz quad-core with 6 GB of DDR3 RAM and a 250 GB 7200 rpm hard drive

  18. Recycler Chromaticities and End Shims for NOvA at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, M.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01

    In era of NOvA operation, it is planned to slip-stack six on six Booster proton batches in the Recycler ring for a total intensity of 5 x 10{sup 13} protons/cycle. During the slip-stacking, the chromaticities are required to be jumped from (-2,-2) to (-20,-20). However, with the existing 2 families of powered sextupoles in the lattice, the chromaticities can only be adjusted to (-12,-12) from (-2,-2). On the other hand, the presently designed Recycler lattice for Nova replaces the 30 straight section with 8 'D-D half FODO cells'. With the limit of the feasible quad strength, 3 quads in a half-cell were used to obtain the working point under, and the maximum beta-functions in this section cannot be less than 80 m. In this paper, we re-designed the end shims of the permanent magnets in the ring lattice with appropriate quadrupole and sextupole components to meet both chromaticity and tune requirements. We are able to use 2 quads in a half cell in RR30 straight section within feasible quad strength. The maximum beta-functions are also lowered to around 55 m. The dynamic aperture tracking has been done using MAD to simulate the scenario of beam injection into the Recycler ring for Nova.

  19. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    emittances is discussed. This method allows also the evaluation of the beam optical functions (Twiss - The 'scanning quad' method 1.1 General description The emittance and the Twiss parameters values are derived and analyzed in order to derive emittance and Twiss parameters. In § 1.3 it will be described how this analysis

  20. Y campusmap Mead Visitor Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    left. The Visitor Center is on the left in the middle of the first block, across from the New Haven to the Yale crew teams. Golf Course at Yale 200 Conrad Dr [not shown on map] 203.432.0895 Four miles northwest STREET CEMETERY HEWITT QUAD Silliman Timothy Dwight Morse from I- (Exit ) school of forestry

  1. California Energy and Consumption Projections 2005-2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    US Gas/Diesel Foreign Gas/Diesel Biomass-Ethanol, Bio. D, H2 Solar - H2 Wind - H2 Geothermal - H2 3 Natural Gas - Heating Natural Gas - Electrical Generation Gas/Diesel Coal Non-Fossil Fuels Nuclear Large Hydro Renewable Energy Biomass Solar Wind Geothermal #12;Model Energy Consumption in Quads Take the 2005

  2. Will fusion be welcome in the world of the mid 21st century ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trends Source : UNSource : UN #12;Energy Resources ! World non-renewable resources -150,000 quads ! World, amenities ! UN suggested actions access to energy services energy efficiency renewables advanced fossil technologies energy and transport ! Almost all scenarios assume essentially little future for fission

  3. Slit Map : Conformal Parameterization for Multiply Connected Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Xiaotian "Tim"

    matching with boundaries, but also makes quad-remeshing or mesh-spline conversion conversion convenient matching, registration and tracking, re-meshing, mesh-spline conversion and so on. Most existing. According to Reimann's mapping theorem, any simply connected surface can be conformally mapped to the unit

  4. NORTH STADIUM DR. NICHOLSONDR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Apts. THE QUAD MIDDLETON LIBRARY LOCKET HALL JOURNALISM BUILDING CAMPUS SAFETY BUILDING ENERGY , COAST.LakeshoreDr. Highland SCHOOL OF VETERNARY MEDICINE NEW TIGER PARK SPORTS AND ADVENTURE COMPLEX LSU SOCCER FEILD LAB SCHOOL NEW ALEX BOX STADIUM FOOTBALL PRACTICE BUILDING NICHOLSON Apt OLD ALEX BOX STADIUM MARAVICH

  5. Planning for Landing Site Selection in the Aerial Supply Delivery Aleksandr Kushleyev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likhachev, Maxim

    quad-rotor helicopter provide a proof of concept for the planner. I. INTRODUCTION Autonomous aerial are considering and shows the steps required for completing the task. The helicopter (Figure 1(b)) needs analysis, the helicopter identifies 7 possible landing sites, shown in the same figure. These possible

  6. A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorova, Alexandra

    A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events Kishore Kumar Pusukuri UC Riverside kishore@cs.ucr.edu David Vengerov Sun Microsystems Laboratories david.vengerov@sun a methodology for develop- ing simple and robust power models using performance monitoring events for AMD Quad

  7. E F tE F tEnergy FactsEnergy Facts Gloria and John L. Blackburn Academic Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carver, Jeffrey C.

    .very much a part of today's infrastructure and fuels mix. Hydroelectric P Natural Gas 30 nBtu Hydroelectric P Natural Gas 30 nBtu Power Natural Gas 20 Quadrillion Power Natural Gas 20 Quadrillion Coal Nuclear Consumption 4.6% 100 Quads China RussiaRussia 5 Some equivalent ways of referring to the energy used by the U

  8. IBM Processing Machine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    , the Plastic Quad Flat Pack and the Ceramic Ball Grid Array at IBM, and the Plastic Ball Grid Array at Motorola. This model has been used as a management toot for making yield predictions, resource allocations, understanding operating practices and provide what...

  9. Cost-Energy Dynamics of Thermal Insulation: Potential Energy Savings and Policy Recommendations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phung, D. L.; Plaza, H.

    1980-01-01

    and manufacturing sectors are assessed. A hypothetical $10 billion insulation budget is determined to save 0.5 quad/yr of energy for the next 10 to 15 years, resulting in conservation energy costing less than $2/MMBtu. It is argued that public subsidies to energy...

  10. Harvesting Energy from Wastewater Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvesting Energy from Wastewater Treatment Bruce Logan Penn State University #12;Energy Costs? 5 #12;Energy content of Wastewaters · Electricity "lost" to water and wastewater treatment= 0.6 quad wastewater (primary clarifier effluent) Arrows indicate wastewater addition P= 28 mW/m2 (PEM/Nafion) =146 m

  11. Model-free analysis of quadruply imaged gravitationally lensed systems and substructured galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woldesenbet, Addishiwot Girma

    2015-01-01

    Multiple image gravitational lens systems, and especially quads are invaluable in determining the amount and distribution of mass in galaxies. This is usually done by mass modeling using parametric or free-form methods. An alternative way of extracting information about lens mass distribution is to use lensing degeneracies and invariants. Where applicable, they allow one to make conclusions about whole classes of lenses without model fitting. Here, we use approximate, but observationally useful invariants formed by the three relative polar angles of quad images around the lens center to show that many smooth elliptical+shear lenses can reproduce the same set of quad image angles within observational error. This result allows us to show in a model-free way what the general class of smooth elliptical+shear lenses looks like in the three dimensional (3D) space of image relative angles, and that this distribution does not match that of the observed quads. We conclude that, even though smooth elliptical+shear lens...

  12. TrekIndex Issue 4 and 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1976-01-01

    'NETTE Characterization. PV i;L Memory. PV ffl SHPRFE, ELIZABETH Temporal Tonperin;3. Tess 77I SHAFFER, 3R2ND . Poem. I D I C lrh Starship Weekly, IDIC irh Triad. IDIC ;)3 SHERMAN', JOSEFHA Tribble Trouble. Quad 7,2 » SIEGMmN, FSYCH Lament For Humankind. IE yl Star...

  13. Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings VIII: Integration of Building Envelopes Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Envelopes Proceedings This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable.34 and 0.37 quads are required for heating and cooling respectively (DOE Core Data Book, 2000 Improving Information Technology to Maximize Fenestration Energy Efficiency Dariush Arasteh, Robin Mitchell

  14. Quarterly Construction Status Report Period Ending: December 31, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Greenhouse Upgrade Heating System 901367c Whetten Quad Pedestrian Safety Improvements Phase I 901629 Heating System 901698 Homer Babbidge Library - Replace Floor Coverings 901715 Arjona & Monteith - Renovations foot (gsf) two story steel framed building with exterior masonry walls. The floor surface

  15. Quarterly Construction Status Report Period Ending: September 30, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Campus Student Center 901278 Floriculture Greenhouse Upgrade Heating System 901367c Young Building - Heating/AC/Electrical Repairs 901580 Whetten Quad Pedestrian Safety Improvements Phase I 901629 Repair One - Replace Floor Coverings 901715 Arjona & Monteith - Renovations 901719 Gant Building Renovation - Immediate

  16. IDENTIFICATION Your Sample Box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    to Virginia Tech Soil Testing Lab, 145 Smyth Hall (MC 0465), 185 Ag Quad Ln, Blacksburg VA 24061, in sturdy, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Mn, Cu, Fe, B, and soluble salts) NoCharge $16.00 Organic Matter $4.00 $6.00 Fax with soil sample and form; make check or money order payable to "Treasurer, Virginia Tech." COST PER SAMPLE

  17. Journal of Machine Learning Research 10 (2009) 2349-2374 Submitted 8/08; Revised 7/09; Published 10/09 Estimating Labels from Label Proportions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caetano, Tiberio

    2009-01-01

    /09 Estimating Labels from Label Proportions Novi Quadrianto NOVI.QUAD@GMAIL.COM Statistical Machine Learning observations, each set with known label proportions, predict the labels of another set of observations Learning (d) Learning from Proportions Figure 1: Different types of learning problems (colors encode class

  18. April 25, 2006 13:5 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE mali-liu-camera International Journal on Arti cial Intelligence Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mali, Amol D.

    April 25, 2006 13:5 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE mali-liu-camera International Journal on Arti#12;cial DATTATRAYA MALI Electrical Engg. & Computer Science, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53211, United States of America mali@miller.cs.uwm.edu YING LIU Quad Graphics N63 W23075 State Hwy. 74 Sussex, WI 53089

  19. Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Conferenceon Deeision and Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    power as compared to thruster-driven vehicles. Moreover, the propulsion and steering mechanisms Building University of Santa Cruz, CA 95064 Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Eng. D-234 Engineering Quad glider include a rigid body dynamic model with fluid dynamic forces associated with buoyancy and viscous

  20. Pathways to Fusion Beyond NIF: the perspective of the French Academic Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Institut Lasers Plasmas, France CEA ­ Commissariat à l'energie atomique et aux energies alternatives CEA of the Physics of High Energy Density Physics, Study of Direct-Drive approach to Inertial Fusion for Energy (laser chain 28) PETAL (equatorial plane) 2 second Quads LMJ (laser chain 29) PETAL - Energy 3.5 k

  1. IMPACTS. Industrial Technologies Program: Summary of Program Results for CY 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-10-01

    This annual report tracks the energy and other benefits of our commercialized technologies. From the 1980s to 2009, cumulative net energy savings are estimated at 10.0 quads, with an associated cost savings of $50.55 billion (in 2009 dollars).

  2. Exeter College. Oxford 02.03.12 Max Fordham LLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    .3 Regional and Local Policy 5 3.0 Energy Strategy 6 3.1 Our Approach 6 3.2 Using Less Energy 7 3.3 Supplying College. The Sustainability and Energy Strategy sections set out the requirements for sustainable building 267 5161 www.smaxfordham.com A New Quad at Walton Street Sustainability, Energy and Noise Statement

  3. Functional recovery of a resilient hospital type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, C. Alan; Noakes, Catherine J.; Gilkeson, Carl A.; Fair, Alistair

    2014-07-16

    process Steady-state airflow simulations were run in parallel on a high performance computing cluster with 16 pro- cessors (2 × dual-quad core 2.26 GHz Nahalem pro- cessors and 24 Gb of SDD RAM) using Fluent, version 13.0 (Ansys Inc., 2013, http...

  4. Inside this issue: Recyclemania,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    've started our pilot composting project on Indian Quad. All food waste is separated by UADS staff and put. Since January 30th, we've composted over 14,000 pounds for food waste from the landfill! RecyclemaniaInside this issue: Message 1 Campus Events: Recyclemania, Randers Lecture, Speakers, Earth Day Food

  5. Biodiversity at St Anne's College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ The quads and flowerbeds at College provide habitats for a variety of plants and animals. The College providing shelter for animals. Following the construction of the Ruth Deech Building, we sensitively plants. Compost ­ Leaf mould, bracken, bark and loam generated by the College grounds is composted

  6. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien, as an architectural solution sustaining Moore's law.1 With dual-core and quad-core processors on the market and oct,3 In 1967, Gene Amdahl proposed an often overlooked law of scal- ing: A program's sequential computation

  7. Swine as an alternative enterprise: Mixed Soils Area of West Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masch, William Ray

    1970-01-01

    grain sorghum, preplant irrigation only 87 21. 2. Esti natcd annual irrigated grain s in. ) costs and returns per acre of land for orghum, preplant irrigation only (6 ac. 22. l. Est:imated annual per acre of !and plus three postpl labor, mar...:bine and tracLor for irrigated grain sorghum ant itrigaLions requircmenLs preplan t 22, 2. F. s t i nia t. ed irrigated postplant arinua1 grain s (4 ac. costs and returns per acre orghum, prrplant (6 ac, in. in. ) irrigaLions of land for ) plus...

  8. www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Mark D.

    www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources Robert J. Kamilli and Mark D. Barton about $500 bil- lion to the U.S. gross domestic product. Even if it produced no mineral resources whatso it is the world's largest consumer of mineral resources. Responsible and sustain- able utilization of mineral

  9. Current Output and Adjustment The 0-20mA current output is derived from the 0-10V output.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Robert G.

    . There is no power supplied to the unit or power connections are reversed. The range LEDs are designed such that at least one of the LEDs will be lit whenever power is applied. · Sudden output change and/or no response reviewing these hints, call Lion Precision for assistance at 651-484-6544. · None of the range LEDs are lit

  10. IEEE Communications Magazine June 2010112 0163-6804/10/$25.00 2010 IEEE NANO-TECHNOLOGY IN COMMUNICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Increased demand for seamless connectivity with intelligent ambient systems and unrestricted mobility-chip, chip-to-chip, and board-to-board communica- tions by reducing the resistivity of conductors like copper. As data rates approach 10 bil- lion b/s, the dimension of copper wires approach- es the mean free path

  11. 11march2007 Blowing in the wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genton, Marc G.

    in Scotland, the largest in the USA is planned for southern California, and the biggest offshore wind farm in development) can take advantage of stronger ocean breezes. Just over 15 offshore wind farms are currently a planned 1000 MW at a capital cost of £2 bil- lion. Most offshore wind farms are located in water less than

  12. SPIN DENSITY OF THE CANTED MOMENT IN 03B1-Fe2O3 (1) By S. J. PICKART,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    avec des neutrons polarisés. On trouve que cette densité diffère de celle de l'ion Fe3+. Abstract. 2014 neutrons and found to differ from that of the Fe3+ ion. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 25, MAI 1964, as established by the original neutron diffraction measurements [3], consists of the Fe3 ~ spins in each (111

  13. English 275, Library Research Tools red text =suggested search terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    American Novel 1900­1950 LION Includes Knowledgenotes, primary texts, secondary sources and media Search Note holdings information and print/ electronic access American literary history Note: Limit to option: Uncle Tom Author/Subject(s): Stowe Harriet Beecher MLA Secondary sources A publication of the Modern

  14. FOCUS January 2001 1asdfghjk ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    was due on the president's desk in October. "Look at the effort put into space explo- ration during water for hundreds of mil- lions of people around the world and save the public billions of dol- lars a mouse sick." UV disinfection involves the generation of photons of light energy in the "germi- cidal

  15. Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond Scott E. Coull Red of communication among consumers around the world. Apple iMessage, for example, handles over 2 bil- lion message evaluation focuses on Apple iMessage, the attacks are completely generic and we show how they can be applied

  16. Biomass IBR Fact Sheet: Renewable Energy Institute International

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Red Lion Bio-Energy and Pacific Renewable Fuels, is demonstrating a pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery for the production of high-quality, synthetic diesel fuels from agriculture and forest residues using advanced thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies.

  17. Granularity Adaptive Density Estimation and on Demand Clustering of Concept-Drifting Data Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    , issjyin@mail.sysu.edu.cn, lion21@163.com 2 Simon Fraser University, Canada jpei@cs.sfu.ca Abstract, such as stock market and financial data analysis, sensor networks, wireless communication, and net- work traffic (Motivation). In a coal mine, thousands of sensors are deployed in pits to monitor the temperature

  18. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Kushnir, Hadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37- 41 Mortimer and Ecological Risk Factors for Unprovoked Lion Attacks on Humans in Southeastern Tanzania Hadas Kushnira ; Helga Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania d Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University

  19. ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014 SK1_SEM - Smart City Manager per Ricercatori nella Smart City Docente: Prof. R. Laurini Professore emerito all'INSA di Lione Fellow del Knowledge preferenze dei clienti orientano le vendite promozionali ICT nella Smart City · 1 ­ Generalità sulle Smart

  20. Over the eons, Earth has veered wildly from frozen to baked, from teeming with life to nearly devoid of it. It has survived impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : the rapid development of the Antarctic ice sheets 34 mil- lion years ago. Carbon dioxide levels in the at,asrocksweatheredintotheocean, coolingthingsdownevenmore. While the Earth was locked into a deep freeze, carbon dioxide that spewed from volca- noes. Living creatures were confined to remote nooks such as glacial beds and deep-water vents heated from

  1. White Course White Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Arthropod Research Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion Visitors Center C12 Chambers E3 Chandlee Lab G4 Chemical Ecology Lab A12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab

  2. LIMITED ACCESS from UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, G. Jogesh

    Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bag House H3 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab G8 Computer Building E7 Corn Breeding Lab B11 Dairy Complex A9

  3. White Course White Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Arthropod Research Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab G8 Computer Building E7 Corn Breeding Lab B11 Dairy Complex A9

  4. M I T C H E L L A V E E C O L L E G E A V E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Adam D.

    House D2 Bank of America Career Services B6 Beard Field (Nittany Lion Softball Park) A7 Beaver Stadium A3 Chambers B3 Chandlee Lab C4 Chemistry C4 Coal Utilization Lab C7 Computer Building B6 Davey Lab C4

  5. Implementing autonomous crowds in a computer generated feature film 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, John Andre

    2006-04-12

    to the next, and their behavior changes. Despite the existence of sophisticated commercial crowd system packages like MassiveTMand BehaviorTM, many studios still use in-house software. For instance, in the movie ?The Lion King? (1994) Disney chose an in-house... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 B. Animation Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 C. User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 V RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 A. Crosstown Express...

  6. Eos, Vol. 87, No. 26, 27 June 2006 The production of heat by radioactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Seth

    come from nuclear beta decay in the Earth, but they also can be produced by similar processes in the Sun and nuclear reactors. The Earth is glowing with neutrinos. Mil- lions of these uncharged to discover neutrinos from a nuclear reactor: a large vat of clear liquid viewed by inward- looking

  7. 3.1 Presettlement and Historic Fish and Wildlife Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Americans in the Kootenai area hunted deer, elk, caribou, moose, mountain goat, mountain sheep, bear COMMUNITIES black and grizzly bears as being present. Vanek points out that by the late 1880s mountain lions left; elk are very rare; moose are likely killed out; grizzly bear are very rare; and beaver, mountain

  8. Curriculum Vitae Holly Ernest DVM, MS, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    diversity of wild mammal and bird species ranging from bighorn sheep, mountain lions, black bears, and sea of importance to health of wildlife populations in the mountain west. She employs genomic, population biology in the Rocky Mountain West, Pacific Coast including California, and beyond. EDUCATION Ph.D. in Ecology

  9. Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large Organization: What You

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    , Design as an End Product 974 Capital Freed to Take Multiple Shots 974 Conclusion: Innovation and the Lion964 Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large Organization: What You Can Learn from Start-up Companies Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large

  10. Saving Money with Steam Leak and Steam Trap Surveys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodruff, D.

    2010-01-01

    ?Chemical?Company ?Daikin?America ? Exxon?Mobil ?EKA ?Frontier?Refining?Inc ?GEO?Specialty?Chemicals ?G?E?Plastics ?Hercules ?Huntsman ?ISP?Chemical ?Koch?Refining?Co. ?Lion?Oil?Company ?Lubrizol ?Merck?&?Company ?Motiva ? Novartis ?Oxy?Chemical ?Olin...

  11. Evolution of Complex Hierarchical Peter Turchin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrilets, Sergey

    Evolution of Complex Hierarchical Societies Peter Turchin University of Connecticut Sergey investigated with mathematical models, and its predictions were tested empirically by constructing a database encompassing hundreds of millions (and in one case, over a bil- lion) of humans. Social Evolution & History

  12. Observing the natural world with Flickr Jingya Wang Mohammed Korayem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crandall, David J.

    regularly and sharing them online. These mil- lions of people taking pictures form a massive social sensor phones and cameras record metadata like geo-tags and time-stamps in addition to the images themselves, giving (noisy) calibra- tion information about how this ad-hoc sensor network is arranged. Social media

  13. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2010), pages 215222, Beijing, August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Whilst some countries have advanced sensor net- works, the world remains at risk from the health impacts Organization (WHO) esti- mates that in the future, between 2 to 7.4 mil- lion people could be at risk worldwide- tem exploits a high-throughput semantic process- ing pipeline, converting unstructured news texts

  14. Council Document 2007-19August 2007 Sixth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    totalling $851.7 million to mitigate the impacts of hydropower dams on fish and wildlife of the Columbia revenues that result from dam operations that benefit fish and reduce hydropower genera- tion ($397.4 million); and power purchases to replace the forgone hydropower ($168.2 mil- lion). Tables 2

  15. M A R I N E M A M M A L S O F T H E A L A S K A R EG I O N U N I T 2 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steller sea lions range along the North Pacific rim from northern Japan to California, with his- toric and central North Pacific humpback whales, the fin whale, the North Pacific right whale, and the bowhead whale takes exceeding the potential biological removal (PBR) level); and the western U.S. Pacific stock

  16. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 23(3): 496507 (July 2007) C 2007 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sites across the North Pacific Rim for centuries, but it is not known why they choose and stay habitat. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) inhabit the North Pacific Ocean from central California in the eastern Pacific to northern Japan in the west, where they haul-out on land to breed at 88 known rookeries

  17. EMBO reports VOL 9 SPECIAL ISSUE 2008 2008 EUrOPEAn MOLECULAr BIOLOgy OrgAnIzAtIOnS34 science & societyscience & society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanski, Ilkka

    released an enormous amount of energy, comparable with 10 bil- lion Hiroshima-sized nuclear bombs of coping with the global environ- mental deterioration that we are inflicting upon ourselves. I therefore argue that the most prevalent threats to our societies and our environment are caused by the mis- match

  18. Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

  19. EECE International Experience 2014 Rett, Ian, Z, Grace, and Shane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    involves environmental, economic, and social impact. #12;CO2 Emissions vs. GDP "Energy system energy source. Sudden release of methane from clathrate form is a major cause of greenhouse effect. #12 - "Lion City" Now located in the most prosperous area by the bay. #12;Multi-Objective Optimization Real

  20. NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set Record; Fish Consumption Down The United States exported $2.2 bil lion worth of seafood in 1988, making it the best year ever, and beating the 1987 record export figure by 37 per cent, the National Oceanic and Atmos pheric Administration (NOAA

  1. Renewable Energy Institute International (REII): Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-387

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, D.

    2014-11-01

    NREL will provide the Renewable Energy Institute with detailed on-site biomass gasifier syngas monitoring, using the NREL transportable Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometer. This information will be used to optimize the parameters of the gasifier operation, insuring the quality of the syngas made in the Red Lion Bioenergy gasifier and its compatibility with catalytic conversion to fuels.

  2. College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural and Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    and Biological Engineering I n 2004, the United States used an average of 20 mil- lion barrels of oil per day decades. Today, the U.S. imports 60% of all the oil that is used for our domestic consumption, whereas as recently as 35 years ago, the U.S. imported just 30%. Our dependency on imported oil is a significant

  3. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 342 (2006) 307312 http://france.elsevier.com/direct/CRASS1/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartier, Jean-Philippe

    2006-01-01

    . Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.crma.2005.12.004 #12;308 J.-P. Bartier, J de Versailles, 45, avenue des États-Unis, 78035 Versailles, France Received 16 March 2005; accepted after revision 7 December 2005 Presented by Pierre-Louis Lions Abstract This Note is devoted

  4. Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers M I C H A E L C . D I rate due to the small sample size of deaths within individual studies. Still, life cycle analyses have, such as the loss of >1.2 mil- lion ha of pinyon pine forest in the southwestern United States following the 2002

  5. MATERIALS AND MOLECULAR RESEARCH DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2013-01-01

    Basic Energy Sciences and the Division of Advanced Research and Technologybasic researchers are focused on problems of spe- cific interest in energy technologies.Basic Energy Sciences, which went up from $9 mil- lion to $10 million, while the other half is in Energy Technology

  6. Eighth Conference on Radioimmunodetection and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    Eighth Conference on Radioimmunodetection and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancer Supplement to Cancer- therapy of Cancer, Princeton, New Jersey, October 12­14, 2000. Supported by grant no. 1387 from the Swedish Cancer Research Council; the Lions Foundation in Umeå, Sweden; the University of Umeå, Sweden

  7. A review of "Making Heretics: Militant Protestantism and Free Grace in Massachusetts." by Michael Winship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Dierks

    2003-01-01

    Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2002. xi + 228 pp. + 4 illus. $69.95. Review by EDWARD M. FURGOL, NAVY MUSEUM, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, D.C. As an early modern military historian the title of the book excited me...

  8. Bronx Zoo Fuel Cell Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoang Pham

    2007-09-30

    A 200 kW Fuel Cell has been installed in the Lion House, Bronx Zoo, NY. The Fuel Cell is a 200 kW phosphoric acid type manufactured by United Technologies Corporation (UTC) and will provide thermal energy at 725,000 Btu/hr.

  9. Are a Few Neighboring Peers Good Enough? Lili Zhong, Jie Dai, Bo Li, Baochun Li, Hai Jin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    alleviate challenges caused by peer churn. Our results imply that the communication overhead of typical to peer arrivals and departures, commonly referred to as peer churn. Most real-world peer of quality, the ability to scale to mil- lions of peers, and robustness against peer churn. Surprisingly

  10. Enabling Collaborative Data Sharing in Google+ (Technical Report, SEFCOM, March 2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    ,gahn,jan.jorgensen}@asu.edu ABSTRACT Most of existing online social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, are designed to bias at once. Although Google+ can help mitigate the gap between the individuals' expectations and their actual and become a de facto portal for hundreds of mil- lions of Internet users. Facebook, for example, claims

  11. Detection of RNA structures in porcine EST data and related mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seemann, Stefan E.; Gilchrist, Michael J.; Hofacker, Ivo L.; Stadler, Peter F.; Gorodkin, Jan

    2007-09-10

    information available in the PigEST resource [33] which contains an assembly of more than one mil- lion EST sequences. One-third of these originates from public available cDNA libraries and two-thirds originate from one normalized and 97 non-normalized c...

  12. Large Visual Repository Search with Hash Collision Design Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and could possibly scale to bil- lions of images on high-end servers managed by several companies. Current servers and that number is growing. Accommodating search queries from its one billion users is a daunting, there is a growing environmental concern caused by the excessive energy con- sumed by the data servers of large

  13. A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 April 14, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This pa- per rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

  14. MODULO AND GRID BASED CHANNEL SELECTION IN AD HOC Gareth Owen Mo Adda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    based. Antenna techniques attempt to reduce the interference or mitigate it by for example, directional, University of Portsmouth Buckingham Building, Lion Terrace, Portsmouth England, PO1 3HE {gareth.owen, mo.adda}@port.ac channels. We analyse many techniques requiring only information available locally and those that do

  15. Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    43 Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where? RECENTLY, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL Institutes of Health (NIH) allocated $190 mil- lion for an "Epigenomics" Roadmap initiative (1 to equate the value of this Roadmap initiative with the Human Genome Project, it fails on several grounds

  16. 24. Nuclear? Nuclear power comes in two flavours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    24. Nuclear? Nuclear power comes in two flavours: 1. Nuclear fission. Split up heavy nuclei into medium-sized nu- clei, thereby releasing energy. 2. Nuclear fusion. Fuse light nuclei into medium-sized nuclei, thereby releasing energy. 1 #12;Nuclear energy available per atom is roughly one mil- lion times

  17. Coling 2008: Companion volume Posters and Demonstrations, pages 177180 Manchester, August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - lions of people, but written in Indian East Punjab (20 million) in Gurmukhi script (a Left to Right Right to Left script based on Arabic), and by growing number of Punjabis (2 million) in the EU and the US in the Roman script. Whilst in speech Punjabi spoken in the Eastern and the © 2008. Licensed under

  18. 95AUGUST 2010 Published by the IEEE Computer Society0018-9162/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xin "Shane"

    - operated Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig exploded, killing 11 workers and injur- ing 17, and sending on fishing, tourism, and deepwater drilling (banned by the federal gov- ernment in the wake of the spill), and the ultimate cleanup, reclamation, and litigation costs will be in the bil- lions of dollars. In short

  19. Introduction Trade-offs in locomotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    is kinematically a walk, but kinetically run-like at all speeds. Key words: terrestrial locomotion, independent elusive prey (Fish et al., 2003), sea lions are less agile on the ground than typical terrestrial mammals on the ground. In this study we describe the kinematics of locomotion in both species, and the kinetics

  20. The Geopressured-Geothermal Resource, research and use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negus-de Wys, J.

    1990-01-01

    The Geopressured-Geothermal Resource has an estimated accessible resource base of 5700 quads of gas and 11,000 quads of thermal energy in the onshore Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast area alone. After 15 years the program is now beginning a transition to commercialization. The program presently has three geopressured- geothermal wells in Texas and Louisiana. Supporting research in the Geopressured Program includes research on rock mechanics, logging, geologic studies, reservoir modeling, and co-location of brine and heavy oil, environmental monitoring, geologic studies, hydrocarbons associated with the geopressured brines and development of a pH monitor for harsh environments, research support in prediction of reservoir behavior, thermal enhanced oil recovery, direct use, hydraulic and thermal conversion, and use of supercritical processes and pyrolysis in detoxification. The on-going research and well operations are preparing the way to commercialization of the Geopressured-Geothermal Resource is covered in this report. 12 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Membrane separation systems---A research and development needs assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, R.W. ); Cussler, E.L. . Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science); Eykamp, W. ); Koros, W.J. ); Riley, R.L. ); Strathmann, H. (Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Grenzflaech

    1990-04-01

    Industrial separation processes consume a significant portion of the energy used in the United States. A 1986 survey by the Office of Industrial Programs estimated that about 4.2 quads of energy are expended annually on distillation, drying and evaporation operations. This survey also concluded that over 0.8 quads of energy could be saved in the chemical, petroleum and food industries alone if these industries adopted membrane separation systems more widely. Membrane separation systems offer significant advantages over existing separation processes. In addition to consuming less energy than conventional processes, membrane systems are compact and modular, enabling easy retrofit to existing industrial processes. The present study was commissioned by the Department of Energy, Office of Program Analysis, to identify and prioritize membrane research needs in light of DOE's mission. Each report will be individually cataloged.

  2. UH Mnoa Bookstore Computer Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : 2026703 13"Glossy Touchscreen Display 2.7 GHz Intel Dual-Core i5 Processor 8GB DDR3L Memory *500GB HDD-8GB diagnosis) 13"Glossy Touchscreen Display 3.0 GHz Intel Dual-Core i7 Processor 8GB DDR3L Memory *500GB HDD-8 diagnosis) 13"Glossy Touchscreen Display 3.0 GHz Intel Quad-Core i7 Processor 8GB DDR3L Memory 256GB Solid

  3. Simulation Architecture Development of a Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valasek, John

    : Intel Core2Quad 2.66 GHz ­ RAM: 8GB DDR3 1333Mhz ­ Hard Drive: 1280 GB, SATA 7200RPM ­ Video: Ge Display PC's ­ Processor: Intel Core2Duo 3.16 GHz ­ RAM: 4GB DDR3 1333Mhz ­ Hard Drive: 1280 GB, SATA 7200 ­ RAM: 4GB DDR3 1333Mhz ­ Hard Drive: 1280 GB, SATA 7200RPM ­ Video: GeForce 8800GT 512MB ­ Display: 15

  4. Failure Mode, Effects, and Cr-iticality Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    in view of test data received from RCA frdm two·separate tests. The major effect that this change has upon · · : · -. Loss of 3 !L!aia I!-~pI" iSla Use quad output 1 i j ·Pia!Z~ month/output, ! ; i !· , , relay drivers Ioutput, and l j J· . : relay drivers with I j 1 1 , . , 18 hour output : : I ! 1 four 1 sec to 3 mont j

  5. Effective shielding to measure beam current from an ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayle, H., E-mail: bayle@bergoz.com [Bergoz Instrumentation, Saint-Genis-Pouilly (France); Delferrière, O.; Gobin, R.; Harrault, F.; Marroncle, J.; Senée, F.; Simon, C.; Tuske, O. [CEA, Saclay (France)] [CEA, Saclay (France)

    2014-02-15

    To avoid saturation, beam current transformers must be shielded from solenoid, quad, and RFQ high stray fields. Good understanding of field distribution, shielding materials, and techniques is required. Space availability imposes compact shields along the beam pipe. This paper describes compact effective concatenated magnetic shields for IFMIF-EVEDA LIPAc LEBT and MEBT and for FAIR Proton Linac injector. They protect the ACCT Current Transformers beyond 37 mT radial external fields. Measurements made at Saclay on the SILHI source are presented.

  6. Demand Side Management (DSM) Through Absorption Refrigeration Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, P. Y.; Shukla, D.; Amarnath, A.; Mergens, E.

    1992-01-01

    will be illustrated by two recent case studies. INTRODUCTION This paper deals with a Demand Side Management (DSM) option of using waste heat for refrigeration. Absorption Refrigeration from waste heat offers a viable option for DSM. This can profitably either... years. The potential for avoided cost through DSM will approach $45 billion over the next decade(1,2). Waste Energy And Pollutants The U.S. industry consumes more than 30 quads (quadrillion Btu) of energy each year. About one third...

  7. An introduction to GPU programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, Mike

    bandwidth Current NVIDIA Tesla GPU 240 cores 1 Tflops in SP; 125 GFlops in DP 100GB/s memory bandwidth 1 Tesla GPU is usually 5-10× faster than two quad-core Xeons, at roughly same cost and power consumption Lecture 1 ­ p. 3/27 Motivation Next generation Intel CPUs: Westmere-EP: 6 core Nehalem-EX: 8 core Sandy

  8. An introduction to GPU programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, Mike

    /s memory bandwidth Current NVIDIA Tesla GPU 240 cores 1 Tflops in SP; 125 GFlops in DP 100GB/s memory bandwidth 1 Tesla GPU is usually 5-10× faster than two quad-core Xeons, at roughly same cost and power consumption Lecture 1 ­ p. 3/27 #12;Motivation Next generation Intel CPUs: Westmere-EP: 6 core Nehalem-EX: 8

  9. Miniaturized Multi-Band Antenna Design via Element Collocation and Inductive Feed Loading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, R. P.

    2012-09-12

    In a FY09 SDRD project, four separate antennas were designed to receive signals of interest covering a broad range of frequencies. While the elements exceeded specifications, the array footprint is substantial. Research performed by the CU Microwave Active Antenna Group in collaboration with RSL, showed promise in realizing a reduced structure. This work will expand upon this previous research. This project will result in a prototype quad-band antenna.

  10. IEEE Computer Society Board of Governors kasahara@waseda.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasahara, Hironori

    Quad Core Opteron, Phenom WSs, Deskside & Highend Servers IBM Power4,5,5+,6, HPCS 1PFLOP(Power7), Sun URAMCPU 8 LSI ISSCC08: ISSCC08 4.5, M.ITO, et al., "An 8640 MIPS SoC with Independent Power- off;0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 tomcatv swim su2cor hydro2d mgrid applu turb3d apsi fpppp wave5 swim mgrid applu

  11. Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

    2012-03-01

    The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40%-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

  12. Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

    2012-03-01

    The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

  13. Digital Earth (Wilkinson 210) Notes for Students Spring 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    E). The workstations are Dell small form factor machines with 2.66 GHz Core2 Quad processor, 8.0GB RAM, 160GB hard processors, *GB RAM, and 4 TB of hard drives in a RAID configuration. The classroom also has a Sanyo overhead projector, a HP LaserJet 5200 black and white printer with duplexer and prints up to 11"x17", a HP Color

  14. Savings from energy efficient windows: Current and future savings from new fenestration technologies in the residential market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frost, K.; Arasteh, D.; Eto, J.

    1993-04-01

    Heating and cooling energy lost through windows in the residential sector (estimated at two-thirds of the energy lost through windows in all sectors) currently accounts for 3 percent (or 2.8 quads) of total US energy use, costing over $26 billion annually in energy bills. Installation of energy-efficient windows is acting to reduce the amount of energy lost per unit window area. Installation of more energy efficient windows since 1970 has resulted in an annual savings of approximately 0.6 quads. If all windows utilized existing cost effective energy conserving technologies, then residential window energy losses would amount to less than 0.8 quads, directly saving $18 billion per year in avoided energy costs. The nationwide installation of windows that are now being developed could actually turn this energy loss into a net energy gain. Considering only natural replacement of windows and new construction, appropriate fenestration policies could help realize this potential by reducing annual residential window energy losses to 2.2 quids by the year 2012, despite a growing housing stock.

  15. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2011-12-07

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of the energy and water conservation standards that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010. The standards covered include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. We estimate that energy efficiency standards for consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010 saved 3.0 quads in 2010, have had a cumulative energy savings of 25.9 quads through 2010 and will achieve cumulative energy savings of 158 quads over the period 1990-2070. Thus, the majority of the savings are still to come as products subject to standards enter the stock. Furthermore, the standards will have a cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $851 billion and $1,103 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. In addition, we estimate the water conservation standards, together with those energy conservation standards that also save water, saved residential consumers 1.5 trillion gallons of water in 2010, have had cumulative water savings of 11.7 trillion gallons through 2010, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2040 of 51.4 trillion gallons.

  16. Characterization of Nitrogen use efficiency in sweet sorghum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dweikat, Ismail; Clemente, Thomas

    2014-09-09

    Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) has the potential to augment the increasing demand for alternative fuels and for the production of input efficient, environmentally friendly bioenergy crops. Nitrogen (N) and water availability are considered two of the major limiting factors in crop growth. Nitrogen fertilization accounts for about 40% of the total production cost in sorghum. In cereals, including sorghum, the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) from fertilizer is approximately 33% of the amount applied. There is therefore extensive concern in relation to the N that is not used by the plant, which is lost by leaching of nitrate, denitrification from the soil, and loss of ammonia to the atmosphere, all of which can have deleterious environmental effects. To improve the potential of sweet sorghum as a leading and cost effective bioenergy crop, the enhancement of NUE must be addressed. To this end, we have identified a sorghum line (SanChi San) that displays about 25% increase in NUE over other sorghum lines. As such, the overarching goal of this project is to employ three complementary strategies to enhance the ability of sweet sorghum to become an efficient nitrogen user. To achieve the project goal, we will pursue the following specific objectives: Objective 1: Phenotypic characterization of SanChi San/Ck60 RILs under low and moderate N-availability including biochemical profiles, vegetative growth and seed yield Objective 2: Conduct quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis and marker identification for nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in a grain sorghum RIL population. Objective 3: Identify novel candidate genes for NUE using proteomic and gene expression profiling comparisons of high- and low-NUE RILs. Candidate genes will be brought into the pipeline for transgenic manipulation of NUE This project will apply the latest genomics resources to discover genes controlling NUE, one of the most complex and economically important traits in cereal crops. As a result of the completion of the proposed work, we will have: 1) identified novel alleles in wild sorghum germplasm that is useful to improve both cultivated grain and sweet sorghum; 2) been able to select individuals plants that exhibit high NUE within a breeding population on the basis of these markers; 3) acquired essential information necessary to examine the roles of GS and GOGAT, AlaT, along with impact of transcription factor Dof1, on N assimilation in sweet sorghum; and 4) The information learned will provide new opportunities for improving NUE in sorghum and other cereals.

  17. Sur la Tendance aux Metaphores Visuelles: aller voir lHa bstun chen po au Sikkim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinmann, Brigitte

    ril'ii!rc Tce.'itif. A1ais des l1Iarchul/{!s Ics il1lercepr(;relll el/cs )lolerelll pOllr Ics l'ellllre. IHa htSllll rel'inl ((11 Sikkilll el se rendil ltlHa ris slIying pllllg (I '//lIe des groltes secretes ((It 1I0nl dc Pad ma gyallg rIse). /I Y... \\oiement I Roland Recht, Le ('mire et le mir. L 'art des c(fth~drales (X/lc-.\\Ye sieele). Paris. Gallimard, 1999. p. 137. Voir Anne Chayet sur riconometrie et I'iconographie dans la peinture et la sculpture tibetaines (Art et Arc/n;%gie till Tibet, Paris...

  18. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate in induced canine anemia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gowing, Gene M

    1961-01-01

    to the writer in the field of teaching and graduate study. TABLE OF CONTLYTS II'TROVUCTIOI; . . iV. VIL'c;. F LITLIVTURL i', 'S:. Tk RI/-'LS AK~ &'. . 'ETIIOI3S . "d I ULTS Ak'D DISCUSSION S UB, iv . ~tcY &hD COtvCLUSI JhS BIBLIV~ Rc". PHY. . . . LIST... Dog No. V. 'BC During ! Period ! Values Prior to Bleeding~i Values after Bleeding*! Total Change RBC PCV ESR !RBC PCV ESR i PCV KSR norm norm norm norm norm 6. 60 44 6. 70 42 3. 43 29 4. 95 37 7. 64 43 19 36 63 40 27 4. 94 4. 31 1...

  19. Lab Digest or 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    STATION =====-======-=================--===- --- --- - - - BULLETIN NO. I 75. MAY, 1915. DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Distribution and Digestibility of the Pentosans of Feeds. POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS VON BOECKl\\l .\\ ~='1-JONES CO...., P RI NTERS, AUSTI N, TEXA S 19lfi BLANK PAGE IN ORIGINAL A117-715-10m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT ST A liON BULLETIN NO. 175 MAY, 1915 DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Distribution and Digestibility of the Pentosans of Feeds. BY G. S. FRAPS...

  20. On non-local variational problems with lack of compactness related to non-linear optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Hundertmark; Young-Ran Lee

    2010-08-27

    We give a simple proof of existence of solutions of the dispersion manage- ment and diffraction management equations for zero average dispersion, respectively diffraction. These solutions are found as maximizers of non-linear and non-local vari- ational problems which are invariant under a large non-compact group. Our proof of existence of maximizer is rather direct and avoids the use of Lions' concentration compactness argument or Ekeland's variational principle.

  1. Geology of the Camp San Saba-West area, Mason and McCulloch Counties, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mounce, Douglas Dean

    1957-01-01

    27 0lckory sandstone member 0, t gt"'lp ~. . . . 26 Cap Nouataia lismstoae smmber . Lion Nouatsin sandstone smmber Silberns formation. . . . . . ~ ~. . . . Welge sandstone member . . ~ Norgaa Creek lismstone member . point Peak shale smmber... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ VII. Morgan Creek Iimestones exposed oa the San Saba River. , VIII. Rxposures ot the Poiat Peak shale member . IX. san Saba shale overlying the bioherm sons . . ~ X. Strosmtolitic bioherm with "cabbage heads" . XI. loldiag of sun Saba limestone...

  2. Characterization and quantitative analyses of polychlorinated hydrocarbons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Robert Leary

    1974-01-01

    and quantitativ' analyses of certain poly- chlorinated hydrocarbons (PCB, !iDT and its metabolites in marine biota) were investigated. The occurence ot these compounds were expected at such low concentrations the use of the elec, tron capt gas... of contamination improved the sensitivity of detection of these chlorinated hydro- carbons to the parts per bi'!lion range. A variety of samples from the Gulf of Nexi co and Northern Caribbean were analyzed. The analytical procedure consisted of macerating...

  3. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) dependent expression of biologically relevant IL-2 receptors: uncoupling of anti-T3 induced receptor expression with cyclosporin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gitter, A.B.D.; Labus, J.M.; Butler, L.D.

    1986-03-01

    Human peripheral blood T cell expression of IL-2 receptors (IL-2R), detected by both immunocytofluorometry and /sup 125/I-IL-2 binding, was studied using lymphocytes stimulated with monoclonal anti-T3 antibodies (Leu-4, OKT3). Lymphocytes, isolated from healthy individuals, were prescreened and classified as Leu-4 responders or non-responders according to 72 h /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation experiments. Leu-4 non-responder lymphocytes, though capable of normal IL-2R expression and IL-2 secretion when cultured with OKT3 (IgG2a), expressed little to no IL-2R nor secreted IL-2 when stimulated with Leu-4 (IgG1). In addition, the amount of IL-2 secreted by Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 responder cells, was one-third- to one-fifth of that detected when OKT3 was used as the stimulant. The addition of recombinant IL-2 (rIL-2) to a Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 non-responder lymphocyte culture, resulted in the expression of IL-2R and cellular proliferation, indicating that IL-2 upregulated its biologically relevant receptor. As expected, cyclosporin-A (CSA) inhibited the secretion of IL-2 and subsequent proliferation of Leu-4 stimulated, Leu-4 responder cells. Unexpectedly, however, the expression of IL-2R was also blocked. Exogenous rIL-2 partially reversed the effect of CSA on IL-2R expression and proliferation. The results indicate that IL-2 may provide an additional, required signal for optimal IL-2R expression.

  4. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Bolduc, Christopher; Burch, Gabriel; Hosseinzadeh, Griffin; Saltiel, Seth

    2011-05-06

    This study surveyed the technical potential for efficiency improvements in 150 categories of appliances and equipment representing 33 quads of primary energy use across the US economy in 2010 and (1) documented efficient product designs, (2) identified the most promising cross-cutting strategies, and (3) ranked national energy savings potential by end use. Savings were estimated using a method modeled after US Department of Energy priority-setting reports - simplified versions of the full technical and economic analyses performed for rulemakings. This study demonstrates that large savings are possible by replacing products at the end-of-life with ultra-efficient models that use existing technology. Replacing the 50 top energy-saving end-uses (constituting 30 quads of primary energy consumption in 2010) with today's best-on-market equivalents would save {approx}200 quads of US primary energy over 30 years (25% of consumption anticipated there from). For the 29 products for maximum feasible savings potential could be estimated, the savings were twice as high. These results demonstrate that pushing ultra-efficient products to market could significantly escalate carbon emission reductions and is a viable strategy for sustaining large emissions reductions through standards. The results of this analysis were used by DOE for new coverage prioritization, to identify key opportunities for product prototyping and market development, and will leverage future standards rulemakings by identifying the full scope of maximum feasible technology options. High leverage products include advances lighting systems, HVAC, and televisions. High leverage technologies include electronic lighting, heat pumps, variable speed motors, and a host of controls-related technologies.

  5. Technology data characterizing water heating in commercial buildings: Application to end-use forecasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sezgen, O.; Koomey, J.G.

    1995-12-01

    Commercial-sector conservation analyses have traditionally focused on lighting and space conditioning because of their relatively-large shares of electricity and fuel consumption in commercial buildings. In this report we focus on water heating, which is one of the neglected end uses in the commercial sector. The share of the water-heating end use in commercial-sector electricity consumption is 3%, which corresponds to 0.3 quadrillion Btu (quads) of primary energy consumption. Water heating accounts for 15% of commercial-sector fuel use, which corresponds to 1.6 quads of primary energy consumption. Although smaller in absolute size than the savings associated with lighting and space conditioning, the potential cost-effective energy savings from water heaters are large enough in percentage terms to warrant closer attention. In addition, water heating is much more important in particular building types than in the commercial sector as a whole. Fuel consumption for water heating is highest in lodging establishments, hospitals, and restaurants (0.27, 0.22, and 0.19 quads, respectively); water heating`s share of fuel consumption for these building types is 35%, 18% and 32%, respectively. At the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we have developed and refined a base-year data set characterizing water heating technologies in commercial buildings as well as a modeling framework. We present the data and modeling framework in this report. The present commercial floorstock is characterized in terms of water heating requirements and technology saturations. Cost-efficiency data for water heating technologies are also developed. These data are intended to support models used for forecasting energy use of water heating in the commercial sector.

  6. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a predominantly stable DNA modification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachman, Martin; Uribe-Lewis, Santiago; Yang, Xiaoping; Williams, Michael; Murrell, Adele; Balasubramanian, Shankar

    2014-09-21

    growing during the past 5 years12 many fundamentally important questions remain unanswered20. Herein we have focused on the metabolism of C to mC and hmC in genomic DNA to specifically elucidate whether hmC is exclusively derived from mC, how hm... C was performed on an AB Sciex Triple Quad 6500 mass spectrometer fitted with an Agilent Infinity 1290 LC system and an Acquity UHPLC HSS T3 column (50 ? 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm particle size) at a flow rate of 300 µl/min, and a gradient of 0.1% formic acid in water...

  7. DOE-HUD Initiative: Making Housing Affordable Through Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    A new collaborative program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a significant step toward making HUD-aided housing more comfortable and affordable through greater energy efficiency. The initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing combines DOE's technical capabilities and HUD's experience in housing assistance. Over the next decade, the energy savings potential of this initiative is estimated to be 150 trillion Btu (0.15 quad) per year, or nearly $1.5 billion in annual energy costs.

  8. ASSESSMENT OF THE ABILITY OF STANDARD SLURRY PUMPS TO MIX SOLIDS WITH LIQUIDS IN TANK 50H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.

    2011-11-11

    Tank 50H is the feed tank for the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF). In the summer of 2011, Tank 50H contained two standard slurry pumps and two quad volute slurry pumps. Current requirements for mixing operation is to run three pumps for one hour prior to initiating a feed transfer to SPF. Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste moved both of the Quad Volute pumps from Tank 50H to Tank 51H to replace pumps in Tank 51H that were failing. In addition, one of the standard pumps in Tank 50H exhibits high seal leakage and vibration. SRS Liquid Waste requested Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to conduct a study to evaluate the feasibility of mixing the contents of Tank 50H with one to three standard slurry pumps. To determine the pump requirements to mix solids with liquids in Tank 50H, the author reviewed the pilot-scale blending work performed for the Small Column Ion Exchange Process (SCIX), SRNL computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, Tank 50H operating experience, and the technical literature, and applied the results to Tank 50H to determine the number, size, and operating parameters of pumps needed to mix the solid particles with the liquid in Tank 50H. The analysis determined pump requirements to suspend the solids with no 'dead zones', but did not determine the pump requirements to produce a homogeneous suspension. In addition, the analysis determined the pump requirements to prevent the accumulation of a large amount of solid particles under the telescoping transfer pump. The conclusions from this analysis follow: (1) The analysis shows that three Quad Volute pumps should be able to suspend the solid particles expected ({approx}0.6 g/L insoluble solids, {approx}5 micron) in Tank 50H. (2) Three standard slurry pumps may not be able to suspend the solid particles in Tank 50H; (3) The ability of two Quad Volute pumps to fully suspend all of the solid particles in Tank 50H is marginal; and (4) One standard slurry pump should be able to achieve a cleaning radius larger than 43.5 feet, which will prevent large amounts of solid particles from settling under the telescoping transfer pump (TTP). The report recommends a pump operating approach to maximize the achieved cleaning radius.

  9. US LHC Accelerator Project Baseline Change Request BCR Number 59

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Large Hadron Collider Program

    .5.1 US PM, 1.5.3 FNAL PM Title FNAL-LHC Rebaseline Change Control Level 2 Originator Jim Kerby Date 18 Request BCR Number 59 WBS 1.1.1 IR Quads, 1.1.3 DFBX, 1.5.1 US PM, 1.5.3 FNAL PM Title FNAL-LHC Rebaseline,447,621 ($938,509) 1.1.1.1 Tooling $2,328,448 $2,180,725 ($147,723) 1.1.1.2 Cold Mass $5,401,839 $5

  10. A high-pass detunable quadrature birdcage coil at high-field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kampani, Vishal Virendra

    2008-10-10

    *coswt*C [2.30] Where, C is the area of the horizontal loop. EMF generated in horizontal loop=EMF1= )sin(** 1 wtCB dt d ?= ? [2.31] EMF generated in vertical loop=EMF2= )cos(** 2 wtCB dt d = ? [2....32] EMF1 and EMF2 passes through quad hybrid on receive side and add in amplitude and the phase of EMF2 is delayed by 90degrees and phase of EMF1 is the same. Thus, signal received at “R” =EMF1+EMF2=-B*C*sinwt + B*C*cos(wt-90) =-B...

  11. Skew chicane based betatron eigenmode exchange module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

    2010-12-28

    A skewed chicane eigenmode exchange module (SCEEM) that combines in a single beamline segment the separate functionalities of a skew quad eigenmode exchange module and a magnetic chicane. This module allows the exchange of independent betatron eigenmodes, alters electron beam orbit geometry, and provides longitudinal parameter control with dispersion management in a single beamline segment with stable betatron behavior. It thus reduces the spatial requirements for multiple beam dynamic functions, reduces required component counts and thus reduces costs, and allows the use of more compact accelerator configurations than prior art design methods.

  12. Richard Coke Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    ir.on and steel sector. GroBs Energy Consumption Fuel Type (10 12 Btu/yr) Coal 1,824.9 Tar and Pitch 5.4 Coke 177 .9 Coke Oven Gas 3.6 Natural Gas 659.2 Middle Disti.llate Fuels 13.5 Residual Fuel Oil 206.5 Liquid Petroleum Cas 1... sector fol owed by aluminum and copper. 4.1.1 Iron and Steel Table 3 shows energy use in the steel sector to be about 3.4 quad with over 50% accounted for by coal. Major energy consuming proc ss steps include coke ovens, bl st furnaces...

  13. Expression of Interest for Neutrinos Scattering on Glass: NuSOnG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NuSOnG Collaboration; T. Adams; L. Buge; J. M. Conrad; P. H. Fisher; J. A. Formaggio; A. de Gouvêa; W. A. Loinaz1; G. Karagiorgi; T. R. Kobilarcik; S. Kopp; G. Kyle; D. A. Mason; R. Milner; J. G. Morfín; M. Nakamura; D. Naples; P. Nienaber; F. I Olness; J. F. Owens; W. G. Seligman; M. H. Shaevitz; H. Schellman; M. J. Syphers; C. Y. Tan; R. G. Van de Water; R. K. Yamamoto; G. P. Zeller

    2009-07-28

    We propose a 3500 ton (3000 ton fiducial volume) SiO_2 neutrino detector with sampling calorimetry, charged particle tracking, and muon spectrometers to run in a Tevatron Fixed Target Program. Improvements to the Fermilab accelerator complex should allow substantial increases in the neutrino flux over the previous NuTeV quad triplet beamline. With 4E19 protons on target/year, a 5 year run would achieve event statistics more than 100 times higher than NuTeV. With 100 times the statistics of previous high energy neutrino experiments, the purely weak processes [\

  14. Magma energy extraction - Annual Report for FY88

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, J.C. (ed.)

    1989-08-01

    Thermal energy contained in magmatic systems represents a huge potential resource. In the US, useful energy contained in molten and partially-molten magma within the upper 10 km of the crust has been estimated at 50,000 to 500,000 Quads. The objective of the Magma Energy Extraction Program is to determine engineering feasibility of locating, accessing and utilizing magma as a viable energy resource. Engineering feasibility will depend on size and depth of the resource; extraction rates; and material life times. 11 refs., 29 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Emerging Energy-Efficient Technologies in Buildings Technology Characterizations for Energy Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, SW

    2004-10-11

    The energy use in America's commercial and residential building sectors is large and growing. Over 38 quadrillion Btus (Quads) of primary energy were consumed in 2002, representing 39% of total U.S. energy consumption. While the energy use in buildings is expected to grow to 52 Quads by 2025, a large number of energy-related technologies exist that could curtail this increase. In recent years, improvements in such items as high efficiency refrigerators, compact fluorescent lights, high-SEER air conditioners, and improved building shells have all contributed to reducing energy use. Hundreds of other technology improvements have and will continue to improve the energy use in buildings. While many technologies are well understood and are gradually penetrating the market, more advanced technologies will be introduced in the future. The pace and extent of these advances can be improved through state and federal R&D. This report focuses on the long-term potential for energy-efficiency improvement in buildings. Five promising technologies have been selected for description to give an idea of the wide range of possibilities. They address the major areas of energy use in buildings: space conditioning (33% of building use), water heating (9%), and lighting (16%). Besides describing energy-using technologies (solid-state lighting and geothermal heat pumps), the report also discusses energy-saving building shell improvements (smart roofs) and the integration of multiple energy service technologies (CHP packaged systems and triple function heat pumps) to create synergistic savings. Finally, information technologies that can improve the efficiency of building operations are discussed. The report demonstrates that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. The five technology areas alone can potentially result in total primary energy savings of between 2 and 4.2 Quads by 2025, or 3.8% to 8.1% of the total commercial and residential energy use by 2025 (52 Quads). Many other technologies will contribute to additional potential for energy-efficiency improvement, while the technical potential of these five technologies on the long term is even larger.

  16. QPX Architecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal naturalQPX Architecture Quad Processing

  17. QR'SE¨£F8F£TIH

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal naturalQPX Architecture Quad Processing

  18. QTR4%2009.xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal naturalQPX Architecture Quad Processing30,

  19. QTR4_11 (External).xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal naturalQPX Architecture Quad Processing30,7,

  20. Quadrennial Energy Review Fact Sheets | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptionsProteinTotal naturalQPX Architecture Quad1Q)Quadrennial

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential54 Cost of a Generic Quad

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential54 Cost of a Generic Quad

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential54 Cost of a Generic Quad0

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential54 Cost of a Generic Quad04

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle Replacement U.S. Residential54 Cost of a Generic Quad049

  6. Potential displacement of petroleum imports by solar energy technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeLeon, P.; Jackson, B.L.; McNown, R.F.; Mahrenholz, G.J.

    1980-05-01

    The United States currently imports close to half of its petroleum requirements. This report delineates the economic, social, and political costs of such a foreign oil dependency. These costs are often intangible, but combined they clearly constitute a greater price for imported petroleum than the strictly economic cost. If we can assume that imported oil imposes significant socioeconomic costs upon the American economy and society, one way to reduce these costs is to develop alternative, domestic energy sources - such as solar energy technologies - which can displace foreign petroleum. The second half of this report estimates that by the year 2000, solar energy technologies can displace 3.6 quads of petroleum. This figure includes solar energy applications in utilities, industrial and agricultural process heat, and transportation. The estimate can be treated as a lower bound; if the United States were to achieve the proposed goal of 20 quads by 2000, the amount of displaced oil probably would be greater. Although all the displaced oil would not be imported, the reduction in imported petroleum would relieve many of the conditions that increase the present cost of foreign oil to the American consumer.

  7. Field monitoring and evaluation of a residential gas-engine-driven heat pump: Volume 2, Heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, J.D.

    1995-11-01

    The Federal Government is the largest single energy consumer in the United States; consumption approaches 1.5 quads/year of energy (1 quad = 10{sup 15} Btu) at a cost valued at nearly $10 billion annually. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the Federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US Government. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is one of four DOE national multiprogram laboratories that participate in the NTDP by providing technical expertise and equipment to evaluate new, energy-saving technologies being studied and evaluated under that program. This two-volume report describes a field evaluation that PNL conducted for DOE/FEMP and the US Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) to examine the performance of a candidate energy-saving technology -- a gas-engine-driven heat pump. The unit was installed at a single residence at Fort Sam Houston, a US Army base in San Antonio, Texas, and the performance was monitored under the NTDP. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) were York International, the heat pump manufacturer; Gas Research Institute (GRI), the technology developer; City Public Service of San Antonio, the local utility; American Gas Cooling Center (AGCC); Fort Sam Houston; and PNL.

  8. Modeling U.S. Energy Use Changes with Global Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W; Erickson III, David J; Hernandez Figueroa, Jose L

    2006-09-01

    Using a general circulation model of Earth climate (PCM-IBIS) to drive an energy use model (DD-NEMS), we calculated the energy use changes for each year from 2003-2025 for the nine U.S. Census regions. We used five scenarios: 1) a reference with no change in temperatures from the 1970-2003 average, 2) a gradual 1 F rise in temperature by 2025, 3) a gradual 3 F rise by 2025, 4) a climate simulation with low temperature response to CO2 doubling in the atmosphere, and 5) a climate simulation with a more extreme response. The low-?T scenario had a cumulative reduction in energy of 2.1 Quads but an increase in cost of $14.8 billion. The northern states had reductions in cost over the entire period, but most other regions had increases in costs because increases in cooling costs outweighed reductions in heating and other energy uses. Higher temperature sensitivity resulted in increased warming, especially in the winter months. Because heating needs decreased, total energy requirements declined by a cumulative 4.2 Quads. However, total cost still increased $6.1 billion and carbon emissions still rose as coal-based electricity for cooling needs grew.

  9. The Deuterium Abundance and Nucleocosmochronology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean Thomas Scully; Keith A. Olive

    1994-08-17

    We examine galactic chemical evolution models which reproduce the present-day and pre-solar values of deuterium starting with a primordial value which is consistent with a baryon-to-photon ratio of $3 \\times 10^{-10}$. We consider various galactic chemical evolution models to determine the viability of significant deuterium destruction and which provide a consistent age of the galaxy at the time of the formation of the solar system and consequently its present day age from nuclear chronometers. These models generally require some amount of infall which we take with rates proportional to the gas mass as well as exponentially decreasing rates and some initial disk enrichment which we limit to the range of 0\\% to 30\\%. We present those models which give the observed pre-solar value and present-day value of D/H and which lead to a present-day gas fraction of $\\sigma = .05\\quad - \\quad .2$. These models result in a braod range for the age of galaxy between $9.8 - 21.6$ Gyrs.

  10. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-04-01

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. During this reporting period, the technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. The results of these evaluations are summarized in this report.

  11. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-06-01

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. The technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. Using these results, the carbon sequestration potential of the three technologies was then evaluated. The results of these evaluations are given in this final report.

  12. Interaction Region Design and Detector Integration at JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Fanglei; Brindza, Paul D.; Derbenev, Yaroslav S.; Ent, Rolf; Morozov, Vasiliy; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel A.; Zhang, Yuhong; Hyde, Charles E.; Sullivan, Michael

    2013-12-01

    The Electron Ion Collider (EIC) will be a next-generation facility for the study of the strong interaction (QCD). JLab?s MEIC is designed for high luminosities of up to 10^34 cm^-2 s^-1. This is achieved in part due to an aggressively small beta-star, which imposes stringent requirements on the collider rings? dynamical properties. Additionally, one of the unique features of MEIC is a full-acceptance detector with a dedicated, small-angle, high-resolution detection system, capable of covering a wide range of momenta (and charge-to-mass ratios) with respect to the original ion beam to enable access to new physics. The detector design relies on a number of features, such as a 50 mrad beam crossing angle, large-aperture ion and electron final focusing quads and spectrometer dipoles as well as a large machine-element-free detection space downstream of the final focusing quads. We present an interaction region design developed with close integration of the detector and beam dynamical aspects. The dynamical aspect of the design rests on a symmetry-based concept for compensation of non-linear effects. The optics and geometry have been optimized to accommodate the detection requirements and to ensure the interaction region?s modularity for easiness of integration into the collider ring lattices. As a result, the design offers an excellent detector performance combined with the necessary non-linear dynamical properties.

  13. Multi-Year Program Plan FY'09-FY'15 Solid-State Lighting Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-03-01

    President Obama's energy and environment agenda calls for deployment of 'the Cheapest, Cleanest, Fastest Energy Source - Energy Efficiency.' The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) plays a critical role in advancing the President's agenda by helping the United States advance toward an energy-efficient future. Lighting in the United States is projected to consume nearly 10 quads of primary energy by 2012.3 A nation-wide move toward solid-state lighting (SSL) for general illumination could save a total of 32.5 quads of primary energy between 2012 and 2027. No other lighting technology offers the DOE and our nation so much potential to save energy and enhance the quality of our built environment. The DOE has set forth the following mission statement for the SSL R&D Portfolio: Guided by a Government-industry partnership, the mission is to create a new, U.S.-led market for high-efficiency, general illumination products through the advancement of semiconductor technologies, to save energy, reduce costs and enhance the quality of the lighted environment.

  14. Linac Alignment Algorithm: Analysis on 1-to-1 Steering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yipeng; Adolphsen, Chris; /SLAC

    2011-08-19

    In a linear accelerator, it is important to achieve a good alignment between all of its components (such as quadrupoles, RF cavities, beam position monitors et al.), in order to better preserve the beam quality during acceleration. After the survey of the main linac components, there are several beam-based alignment (BBA) techniques to be applied, to further optimize the beam trajectory and calculate the corresponding steering magnets strength. Among these techniques the most simple and straightforward one is the one-to-one (1-to-1) steering technique, which steers the beam from quad center to center, and removes the betatron oscillation from quad focusing. For a future linear collider such as the International Linear Collider (ILC), the initial beam emittance is very small in the vertical plane (flat beam with {gamma}{epsilon}{sub y} = 20-40nm), which means the alignment requirement is very tight. In this note, we evaluate the emittance growth with one-to-one correction algorithm employed, both analytically and numerically. Then the ILC main linac accelerator is taken as an example to compare the vertical emittance growth after 1-to-1 steering, both from analytical formulae and multi-particle tracking simulation. It is demonstrated that the estimated emittance growth from the derived formulae agrees well with the results from numerical simulation, with and without acceleration, respectively.

  15. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla Christine; Homan, Gregory; Brown, Richard

    2008-10-31

    ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency-labeling program operated jointly by the United States Department of Energy and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national, and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with committed stakeholders. Through 2007, the program saved 7.1 Quads of primary energy and avoided 128 MtC equivalent. The forecast shows that the program is expected to save 21.2 Quads of primary energy and avoid 375 MtC equivalent over the period 2008-2015. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 84 MtC and 172 MtC (1993 to 2007) and between 243 MtC and 519 MtC (2008 to 2015).

  16. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory; Lai, Judy; Brown, Richard

    2009-09-24

    This report provides a top-level summary of national savings achieved by the Energy Star voluntary product labeling program. To best quantify and analyze savings for all products, we developed a bottom-up product-based model. Each Energy Star product type is characterized by product-specific inputs that result in a product savings estimate. Our results show that through 2007, U.S. EPA Energy Star labeled products saved 5.5 Quads of primary energy and avoided 100 MtC of emissions. Although Energy Star-labeled products encompass over forty product types, only five of those product types accounted for 65percent of all Energy Star carbon reductions achieved to date, including (listed in order of savings magnitude)monitors, printers, residential light fixtures, televisions, and furnaces. The forecast shows that U.S. EPA?s program is expected to save 12.2 Quads of primary energy and avoid 215 MtC of emissions over the period of 2008?2015.

  17. Risk assessment methodology applied to counter IED research & development portfolio prioritization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shevitz, Daniel W; O' Brien, David A; Zerkle, David K; Key, Brian P; Chavez, Gregory M

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to protect the United States from the ever increasing threat of domestic terrorism, the Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T), has significantly increased research activities to counter the terrorist use of explosives. More over, DHS S&T has established a robust Counter-Improvised Explosive Device (C-IED) Program to Deter, Predict, Detect, Defeat, and Mitigate this imminent threat to the Homeland. The DHS S&T portfolio is complicated and changing. In order to provide the ''best answer'' for the available resources, DHS S&T would like some ''risk based'' process for making funding decisions. There is a definite need for a methodology to compare very different types of technologies on a common basis. A methodology was developed that allows users to evaluate a new ''quad chart'' and rank it, compared to all other quad charts across S&T divisions. It couples a logic model with an evidential reasoning model using an Excel spreadsheet containing weights of the subjective merits of different technologies. The methodology produces an Excel spreadsheet containing the aggregate rankings of the different technologies. It uses Extensible Logic Modeling (ELM) for logic models combined with LANL software called INFTree for evidential reasoning.

  18. Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Homan, Gregory K; Sanchez, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.

    2010-11-15

    ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency labeling program operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products, and currently labels more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with stakeholders. This report presents savings estimates from the use ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of energy, dollar, and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2009, annual forecasts for 2010 and 2011, and cumulative savings estimates for the period 1993 through 2009 and cumulative forecasts for the period 2010 through 2015. Through 2009 the program saved 9.5 Quads of primary energy and avoided the equivalent of 170 million metric tons carbon (MMTC). The forecast for the period 2009-2015 is 11.5 Quads or primary energy saved and 202 MMTC emissions avoided. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 110 MMTC and 231 MMTC (1993 to 2009) and between 130 MMTC and 285 MMTC (2010 to 2015).

  19. Domoic acid production near California coastal upwelling zones, June 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trainer, V L. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Adams, Nicolaus G. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Bill, Brian D. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Stehr, Carla M. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Wekell, John C. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Moeller, Peter (National Ocean Service, Marine Biotoxins Program); Busman, Mark (National Ocean Service, Marine Biotoxins Program); Woodruff, Dana L. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    2000-01-01

    Sea lion mortalities in central California during May and June 1998 were traced to their ingestion of sardines and anchovies that had accumulated the neurotoxin domoic acid. The detection of toxin in urine, feces, and stomach contents of several sea lions represents the first proven occurrence of domoic acid transfer through the food chain to a marine mammal. The pennate diatoms, Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and P. australis, were the dominant, toxin-producing phytoplankton constituting algal blooms near Monterey Bay, Half Moon Bay, and Oceano Dunes, areas where sea lions with neurological symptoms stranded. Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia were also found near Morrow Bay, Point Conception, Point Arguello, and Santa Barbara, demonstrating that these species were widespread along the central California coast in June 1998. Measurements of domoic acid during three cruises in early June showed the highest cellular toxin levels in P. multiseries near Point A?o Nuevo and in P. australis from Morro w Bay. Maximum cellular domoic acid levels were observed within 20 km of the coast between 0 and 5 m depth, although toxin was also measured to depths of 40 m. Hydrographic data indicated that the highest toxin levels and greatest numbers of toxic cells were positioned in water masses associated with upwelling zones near coastal headlands. Nutrient levels at these sites were less than those typically measured during periods of active upwelling, due to the 1998 El Ni?o event. The flow of cells and/or nutrients from coastal headlands into embayments where cells can multiply in a stratified environment is a possible mechanism of bloom development along the central California coast. This coupling of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia growth near upwelling zones with physical processes involved in cell transport will be understood only when long-term measurements are made at several key coastal locations, aiding in our capability to predict domoic-acid producing algal blooms.

  20. James Hannay: His Life and Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worth, George J.

    1964-01-01

    of warfare undreamed of by its earlier European attackers, men like Baldwin, Guy de Lusignan, and Richard Coeur de Lion. "It was the work of centuries condens ed into an afternoon—the spectacle of ruins made in an hour. The poor Egyptians met death... name and reputation worth redeeming from the obscurity into which they have fallen. Soon after his death in 1873, two of James Hannay's friends, Annie Thomas Cudlip and Dr. James Steele, projected biogra phies, neither of which, unfortunately, came...

  1. The Sealion Corporation- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sea Lion Corporation (SLC), an Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act village corporation, is to conduct an energy efficiency feasibility study with the goal to create jobs by providing funding to train staff to be energy raters as well as weatherization/energy conservation technicians that specialize in building construction and energy savings technologies; and to conduct a feasibility study that demonstrates a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the tribe.

  2. Gunboat and musket: Civil War on the upper Mississippi River, 1861-1862 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Karl William

    1971-01-01

    adviser to Governor Yates, arrived to arrange the transfer of the 10, 000 35 Adamson, Rebel lion in Missouri, 32. 21 36 spare arms to Illinois. Stokes informed Lyon that the steamer City of Alton was just upriver waiting to come down for the pickup... the steamer, it was discovered with horror that the tremendous weight had grounded her. Union troops hurriedly shif ted 200 crates and the ship finally floated free. As his craft drifted 36 Ibid. , 34. Ibid. , 35. Ib id. , 36. 22 into the channel...

  3. Aerial 8-14 micron imagery applied to mapping thermal effect mixing boundaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Norman Gray

    1970-01-01

    trii. lion are The citations on the following pages follow the style of the Proceedin s of IEEU . useci by the electric power industry. Thermal electric plants heat coolant water 12-13 degrees Fahrenheit. Nuc] ear-fired plants requ're 60 percent... have been detected that have greater thermal contrasts. One such is the thermal ef- fluents from ejectric-power generating plants which may hav- spatial dimensions of one-half mile and thermal contrasts of up to ten Centigrade degrees. It appears...

  4. Project Reports for The Sealion Corporation- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Sea Lion Corporation (SLC), an Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act village corporation, is to conduct an energy efficiency feasibility study with the goal to create jobs by providing funding to train staff to be energy raters as well as weatherization/energy conservation technicians that specialize in building construction and energy savings technologies; and to conduct a feasibility study that demonstrates a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the tribe.

  5. Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2005-01-01

    ...”), made by an agreement or payment, followed by the request to the invisible earth goddess (“mi snang sa’i lha mo..”). The shorter DG does not mention the request to the human owners, beginning with the same wording as in the first lines of NCP... (by dint of) all the Buddha Protectors’ methods of activity and especially, (the bodhisattva) stages and perfections! Just as the Protector, Lion of the Íåkyas, line 5 overcame the host of Måra, So I too have been Victorious over the host of Måra...

  6. Development of a fluorescent antibody test for equine infectious anemia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, Thomas Lee

    1972-01-01

    . Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. NT 38 Table 7. (continued) Norse N u 1a b o J. " Days Post- InoculaLion TC'Ill p PAT No' ul L. , GDT Nouul Ls 124 24 25 26 27 95. 3 102. 2 105. 4... for their patience and assistance in preparing this thesis. Special acknowledgem nt is extended to Doctor R. W. Moore for his time and effort in guiding this research. The author also wishes to express appreciation to all the staff of the Department of Veterinary...

  7. Recovery Act. Demonstration of a Pilot Integrated Biorefinery for the Efficient, Direct Conversion of Biomass to Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuetzle, Dennis; Tamblyn, Greg; Caldwell, Matt; Hanbury, Orion; Schuetzle, Robert; Rodriguez, Ramer; Johnson, Alex; Deichert, Fred; Jorgensen, Roger; Struble, Doug

    2015-05-12

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Greyrock Energy and Red Lion Bio-Energy (RLB) has successfully demonstrated operation of a 25 ton per day (tpd) nameplate capacity, pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery (IBR) plant for the direct production of premium, “drop-in”, synthetic fuels from agriculture and forest waste feedstocks using next-generation thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies. The IBR plant was built and tested at the Energy Center, which is located in the University of Toledo Medical Campus in Toledo, Ohio.

  8. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueu()crs 1r.:.nc1 our builc~~inc~ society o.ccount i:) Grouinc; daily. IlUl!.i01tbor tho last nC'il)'slotter 1'1lion "W reported t:,li..1t "liTO l!ud 0IlOUgll l~,OnGy to hiro a cimI'ch hall? \\'!ull,no",I rocJeon it ,r.i.ll run to bra laos as troll...

  9. A comparison of three deer survey techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakestraw, Danny Lee

    1995-01-01

    from rolling hills to steep washes. Upland Vgtt llgdo t day)i yg't (~P glg d 1* ), A't t tl (A~lo ~1' 'd ), d forbs. Shoreline areas, which were occasionally flooded, Hew Mexi, co AMIS - Anu. stad Nat, Reer. Area CACA - Carlsbad Caverns Nat. Park... suitable for normal vehicular travel were Walnut Canyon Road, Scenic Loop Road, and along the flats in the southern portion of the park. Several species of large mammals occurred on the park including mountain lion (/elis concolor), elk (~Cerv s ~lh...

  10. Some aspects of the ecology of Mesothuria lactea Theel, a common bathyal holothurian in the Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carney, Robert Spencer

    1971-01-01

    rieuth iieso! h!ri. ! lactea is o!ie of the riost cori. ;onl r col- lec L'p?1 . 1 . , i oirivor tobraues on thc uprier conti. ne!ital slope Ln the Gul. of ilcxico. ln spite o the !iany specinens sitt. "'iig on:ruseun shelves, thoro is v.... . -~ d' k' i. : ti " P ko i- d t expected variaLion wiLhin the species, buL- there is no indication Cha. t this is simple variation aboi!t o"ie normal condi. Cion. The intermediary ' s f a too rare 'to be the norm and thc two distinct types are far...

  11. Green Ocean Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion Bio

  12. Green Power Conferences | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion

  13. Green Power Purchasing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreen Power

  14. Green Renewable Energy Ethanol and Nutrition Holding LLC | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreen

  15. Green Shakti | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreenShakti

  16. Opportunity Analysis for Recovering Energy from Industrial Waste Heat and Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viswanathan, Vish V.; Davies, Richard W.; Holbery, Jim D.

    2006-04-01

    United States industry consumed 32.5 Quads (34,300 PJ) of energy during 2003, which was 33.1% of total U.S. energy consumption (EIA 2003 Annual Energy Review). The U.S. industrial complex yields valuable goods and products. Through its manufacturing processes as well as its abundant energy consumption, it supports a multi-trillion dollar contribution to the gross domestic product and provides millions of jobs in the U.S. each year. Industry also yields waste products directly through its manufacturing processes and indirectly through its energy consumption. These waste products come in two forms, chemical and thermal. Both forms of waste have residual energy values that are not routinely recovered. Recovering and reusing these waste products may represent a significant opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of the U.S. industrial complex. This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Industrial Technologies Program (DOE-ITP). It analyzes the opportunity to recover chemical emissions and thermal emissions from U.S. industry. It also analyzes the barriers and pathways to more effectively capitalize on these opportunities. A primary part of this analysis was to characterize the quantity and energy value of the emissions. For example, in 2001, the industrial sector emitted 19% of the U.S. greenhouse gases (GHG) through its industrial processes and emitted 11% of GHG through electricity purchased from off-site utilities. Therefore, industry (not including agriculture) was directly and indirectly responsible for emitting 30% of the U.S. GHG. These emissions were mainly comprised of carbon dioxide (CO2), but also contained a wide-variety of CH4 (methane), CO (carbon monoxide), H2 (hydrogen), NMVOC (non-methane volatile organic compound), and other chemicals. As part of this study, we conducted a survey of publicly available literature to determine the amount of energy embedded in the emissions and to identify technology opportunities to capture and reuse this energy. As shown in Table E-1, non-CO2 GHG emissions from U.S. industry were identified as having 2180 peta joules (PJ) or 2 Quads (quadrillion Btu) of residual chemical fuel value. Since landfills are not traditionally considered industrial organizations, the industry component of these emissions had a value of 1480 PJ or 1.4 Quads. This represents approximately 4.3% of the total energy used in the United States Industry.

  17. Tailoring Strong Lensing Cosmographic Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linder, Eric V

    2015-01-01

    Strong lensing time delay cosmography has excellent complementarity with other dark energy probes, and will soon have abundant systems detected. We investigate two issues in the imaging and spectroscopic followup required to obtain the time delay distance. The first is optimization of spectroscopic resources. We develop a code to optimize the cosmological leverage under the constraint of constant spectroscopic time, and find that sculpting the lens system redshift distribution can deliver a 40% improvement in dark energy figure of merit. The second is the role of systematics, correlated between different quantities of a given system or model errors common to all systems. We show how the levels of different systematics affect the cosmological parameter estimation, and derive guidance for the fraction of double image vs quad image systems to follow as a function of differing systematics between them.

  18. Logarithmic current measurement circuit with improved accuracy and temperature stability and associated method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ericson, M. Nance (Knoxville, TN); Rochelle, James M. (Knoxville, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A logarithmic current measurement circuit for operating upon an input electric signal utilizes a quad, dielectrically isolated, well-matched, monolithic bipolar transistor array. One group of circuit components within the circuit cooperate with two transistors of the array to convert the input signal logarithmically to provide a first output signal which is temperature-dependant, and another group of circuit components cooperate with the other two transistors of the array to provide a second output signal which is temperature-dependant. A divider ratios the first and second output signals to provide a resultant output signal which is independent of temperature. The method of the invention includes the operating steps performed by the measurement circuit.

  19. Annual report to Congress on Federal Government energy management and conservation programs, Fiscal year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-06

    This report provides sinformation on energy consumption in Federal buildings and operations and documents activities conducted by Federal agencies to meet statutory requirements of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act. It also describes energy conservation and management activities of the Federal Government under section 381 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. Implementation activities undertaken during FY94 by the Federal agencies under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and Executive Orders 12759 and 12902 are also described. During FY94, total (gross) energy consumption of the US Government, including energy consued to produce, process, and transport energy, was 1.72 quadrillion Btu. This represents {similar_to}2.0% of the total 85.34 quads used in US.

  20. A Cluster of Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar

    2005-03-09

    Five ultrahigh energy cosmic rays in the combined AGASA and HiRes stereo data are analyzed to test whether they come from a single source. The quad above 37 EeV in the 94-event high energy dataset can be analyzed without considering magnetic dispersion. The probability that it is a chance association is 10^-3. Assuming the source is continuous, the random magnetic deflections these UHECRs accumulated en route from their source can be used to estimate \\sqrt{B^2 \\lambda D} ~ 1 nG-Mpc. A quintuplet including a HiRes event between 10 and 30 EeV is well fit with this value. Galactic magnetic deflection appears to be smaller than in some models.

  1. Status of the Magma Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, J.C.

    1987-01-01

    The current magma energy project is assessing the engineering feasibility of extracting thermal energy directly from crustal magma bodies. The estimated size of the US resource (50,000 to 500,000 quads) suggests a considerable potential impact on future power generation. In a previous seven-year study, we concluded that there are no insurmountable barriers that would invalidate the magma energy concept. Several concepts for drilling, energy extraction, and materials survivability were successfully demonstrated in Kilauea Iki lava lake, Hawaii. The present program is addressing the engineering design problems associated with accessing magma bodies and extracting thermal energy for power generation. The normal stages for development of a geothermal resource are being investigated: exploration, drilling and completions, production, and surface power plant design. Current status of the engineering program and future plans are described. 20 refs., 12 figs.

  2. Infiniband Based Cable Comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minich, Makia

    2007-07-01

    As Infiniband continues to be more broadly adopted in High Performance Computing (HPC) and datacenter applications, one major challenge still plagues implementation: cabling. With the transition to DDR (double data rate) from SDR (single datarate), currently available Infiniband implementations such as standard CX4/IB4x style copper cables severely constrain system design (10m maximum length for DDR copper cables, thermal management due to poor airflow, etc.). This paper will examine some of the options available and compare performance with the newly released Intel Connects Cables. In addition, we will take a glance at Intel's dual-core and quad-core systems to see if core counts have noticeable effect on expected IO patterns.

  3. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Thermal Spray Coating Interface Quality By Eddy Current Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Mi; G. Zhao; R. Bayles

    2006-08-10

    Thermal spray coating is usually applied through directing molten or softened particles at very high velocities onto a substrate. An eddy current non-destructive inspection technique is presented here for thermal spray coating interface quality characterization. Several high-velocity-oxy-fuel (HVOF) coated steel plates were produced with various surface preparation conditions or spray process parameters. A quad-frequency eddy current probe was used to manually scan over the coating surface to evaluate the bonding quality. Experimental results show that different surface preparation conditions and varied process parameters can be successfully differentiated by the impedance value observed from the eddy current probe. The measurement is fairly robust and consistent. This non-contact, nondestructive, easy-to-use technique has the potential for evaluating the coating quality immediately after its application so that any defects can be corrected immediately.

  4. A New Interaction Region Design for the Super-B Factory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Michael; /SLAC; Bertsche, Kirk; /SLAC; Bettoni, Simona; /CERN; Paoloni, Eugenio; /INFN, Pisa; Raimondi, Pantaleo; /INFN, Rome; Vobly, Pavel; /Novosibirsk, IYF

    2012-07-06

    A final focus magnet design that uses super-ferric magnets is introduced for the SuperB interaction region. The baseline design has air-core super-conducting quadrupoles. This idea instead uses super-conducting wire in an iron yoke. The iron is in the shape of a Panofsky quadrupole and this allows two quadrupoles to be side-by-side with no intervening iron as long as the gradients of the two quads are equal. This feature allows us to move in as close as possible to the collision point and minimize the beta functions in the interaction region. The superferric design has advantages as well as drawbacks and we will discuss these in the paper.

  5. Lessons Learned from Case Studies of Six High-Performance Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.; Deru, M.; Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Judkoff, R.

    2006-06-01

    Commercial buildings have a significant impact on energy use and the environment. They account for approximately 18% (17.9 quads) of the total primary energy consumption in the United States (DOE 2005). The energy used by the building sector continues to increase, primarily because new buildings are added to the national building stock faster than old buildings are retired. Energy consumption by commercial buildings will continue to increase until buildings can be designed to produce more energy than they consume. As a result, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Technologies Program has established a goal to create the technology and knowledge base for marketable zero-energy commercial buildings (ZEBs) by 2025.

  6. A Second-Order Achromat Design Based on FODO Cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

    2011-08-19

    Two dipole doglegs are widely used to translate the beam axis horizontally or vertically. Quadrupoles are placed between the two consecutive dipoles to match first order dispersion and provide betatron focusing. Similarly a four dipole chicane is usually employed to form a bypass region, where the beam axis is transversely shifted first, then translated back to the original axis. In order to generate an isochronous section, quadrupoles are again needed to tune the first order transfer matrix element R{sub 56} equaling zero. Usually sextupoles are needed to correct second order dispersion in the bending plane, for both the dogleg optics and the chicane (with quad) optics. In this paper, an alternative optics design is introduced, which is based on a simple FODO cell and does not need sextupoles assistance to form a second-order achromat. It may provide a similar function of either a dogleg or a bypass, by using 2 or 4 of such combined supercells.

  7. Coupling in the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelfand, N.M.

    1994-12-01

    The performance of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at the commencement of run Ib was far below expectations. After a frustrating period of several months, a low-{beta} quad downstream of the interaction point at B0 was found to be rolled. This rolled quadrupole coupled the horizontal and vertical motion of the Tevatron beams. It also made matching the beam from the Main Ring to the Tevatron impossible, resulting in emittance blow up on injection. The net result of the roll was a significant reduction in the Tevatron luminosity. When the roll in the quadrupole was corrected the performance of the Tevatron improved dramatically. This note will discuss the experimental data indicating the presence of coupling and subsequent calculations which show how coupling an affect the luminosity. It is not intended to exhaust a discussion of coupling, which hopefully will be understood well enough to be discussed in a subsequent note.

  8. NEET-AMM Final Technical Report on Laser Direct Manufacturing (LDM) for Nuclear Power Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Scott [LM Baca, Georgina [LM O'Connor, Michael

    2015-12-31

    Final technical report summarizes the program progress and technical accomplishments of the Laser Direct Manufacturing (LDM) for Nuclear Power Components project. A series of experiments varying build process parameters (scan speed and laser power) were conducted at the outset to establish the optimal build conditions for each of the alloys. Fabrication was completed in collaboration with Quad City Manufacturing Laboratory (QCML). The density of all sample specimens was measured and compared to literature values. Optimal build process conditions giving fabricated part densities close to literature values were chosen for making mechanical test coupons. Test coupons whose principal axis is on the x-y plane (perpendicular to build direction) and on the z plane (parallel to build direction) were built and tested as part of the experimental. Investigations are described 316L SS, Inconel 600, 718 and 800 and ODS SS (Yttria) alloys.

  9. Adaptive Ray Tracing for Radiative Transfer around Point Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Abel; Benjamin D. Wandelt

    2001-11-01

    We describe a novel adaptive ray tracing scheme to solve the equation of radiative transfer around point sources in hydrodynamical simulations. The angular resolution adapts to the local hydrodynamical resolution and hence is of use for adaptive meshes as well as adaptive smooth particle hydrodynamical simulations. Recursive creation of rays ensures ease of implementation. The multiple radial integrations needed to solve the time dependent radiative transfer are sped up significantly using a quad-tree once the rays are cast. Simplifications advantageous for methods with one radiation source are briefly discussed. The suggested method is easily generalized to speed up Monte Carlo radiative transfer techniques. In summary a nearly optimal use of long characteristics is presented and aspects of its implementation and comparison to other methods are given.

  10. Proceedings of the PILAC optics workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: PILAC Overview; PILAC Injection Line; PILAC General-Purpose Line Design; Program RAYTRACE; Design Performance of MRS; Program MOTER; Recent Upgrades of MOTER; Use of MOTER at Michigan State; Spectrometer Design at Michigan State; Use of MOTER at CEBAF Related Topics; TOSCA Calculations at CEBAF; TOSCA Calculations for PILAC; Measurements of EPICS Quadrupoles; Quadrupole Measurements and Analysis at Bates Laboratory; Analysis of 3D Quadrupole Data; Quadrupole 3D Fringe Fields (Theoretical Lecture); Analysis of 3D Field Data; Analysis of Dipole Fringe Fields; Quadrupoles with Perfect N=2 Symmetry; CEBAF Superconducting Cos (20) Quadrupole; Upgrades to TRANSPORT and TURTLE; Optics using Differential Algebra; and A Possible Test of Quad Optics Using EPICS.

  11. Proceedings of the PILAC optics workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: PILAC Overview; PILAC Injection Line; PILAC General-Purpose Line Design; Program RAYTRACE; Design & Performance of MRS; Program MOTER; Recent Upgrades of MOTER; Use of MOTER at Michigan State; Spectrometer Design at Michigan State; Use of MOTER at CEBAF & Related Topics; TOSCA Calculations at CEBAF; TOSCA Calculations for PILAC; Measurements of EPICS Quadrupoles; Quadrupole Measurements and Analysis at Bates Laboratory; Analysis of 3D Quadrupole Data; Quadrupole 3D Fringe Fields (Theoretical Lecture); Analysis of 3D Field Data; Analysis of Dipole Fringe Fields; Quadrupoles with Perfect N=2 Symmetry; CEBAF Superconducting Cos (20) Quadrupole; Upgrades to TRANSPORT and TURTLE; Optics using Differential Algebra; and A Possible Test of Quad Optics Using EPICS.

  12. An adaptive optics package designed for astronomical use with a laser guide star tuned to an absorption line of atomic sodium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salmon, J.T.; Avicola, K.; Brase, J.M.

    1994-04-11

    We present the design and implementation of a very compact adaptive optic system that senses the return light from a sodium guide-star and controls a deformable mirror and a pointing mirror to compensate atmospheric perturbations in the wavefront. The deformable mirror has 19 electrostrictive actuators and triangular subapertures. The wavefront sensor is a Hartmann sensor with lenslets on triangular centers. The high-bandwidth steering mirror assembly incorporates an analog controller that samples the tilt with an avalanche photodiode quad cell. An {line_integral}/25 imaging leg focuses the light into a science camera that can either obtain long-exposure images or speckle data. In laboratory tests overall Strehl ratios were improved by a factor of 3 when a mylar sheet was used as an aberrator. The crossover frequency at unity gain is 30 Hz.

  13. PILOT-SCALE TESTING OF THE SUSPENSION OF MST, CST, AND SIMULATED SLUDGE SLURRIES IN A SLUDGE TANK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Qureshi, Z.; Restivo, M.; Steeper, T.; Williams, M.; Herman, D.

    2011-08-02

    The Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process is being developed to remove cesium, strontium, and actinides from Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste using an existing waste tank (i.e., Tank 41H) to house the process. Following strontium, actinide, and cesium removal, the concentrated solids will be transported to a sludge tank (i.e., monosodium titanate (MST)/sludge solids to Tank 42H or Tank 51H and crystalline silicotitanate (CST) to Tank 40H) for eventual transfer to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) is conducting pilot-scale mixing tests to determine the pump requirements for mixing MST, CST, and simulated sludge. The purpose of this pilot scale testing is to determine the pump requirements for mixing MST and CST with sludge in a sludge tank and to determine whether segregation of particles occurs during settling. Tank 40H and Tank 51H have four Quad Volute pumps; Tank 42H has four standard pumps. The pilot-scale tank is a 1/10.85 linear scaled model of Tank 40H. The tank diameter, tank liquid level, pump nozzle diameter, pump elevation, and cooling coil diameter are all 1/10.85 of their dimensions in Tank 40H. The pump locations correspond to the current locations in Tank 40H (Risers B2, H, B6, and G). The pumps are pilot-scale Quad Volute pumps. Additional settling tests were conducted in a 30 foot tall, 4 inch inner diameter clear column to investigate segregation of MST, CST, and simulated sludge particles during settling.

  14. Progress in Long Scale Length Laser-Plasma Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glenzer, S H; Arnold, P; Bardsley, G; Berger, R L; Bonanno, G; Borger, T; Bower, D E; Bowers, M; Bryant, R; Buckman, S; Burkhart, S C; Campbell, K; Chrisp, M P; Cohen, B I; Constantin, G; Cooper, F; Cox, J; Dewald, E; Divol, L; Dixit, S; Duncan, J; Eder, D; Edwards, J; Erbert, G; Felker, B; Fornes, J; Frieders, G; Froula, D H; Gardner, S D; Gates, C; Gonzalez, M; Grace, S; Gregori, G; Greenwood, A; Griffith, R; Hall, T; Hammel, B A; Haynam, C; Heestand, G; Henesian, M; Hermes, G; Hinkel, D; Holder, J; Holdner, F; Holtmeier, G; Hsing, W; Huber, S; James, T; Johnson, S; Jones, O S; Kalantar, D; Kamperschroer, J H; Kauffman, R; Kelleher, T; Knight, J; Kirkwood, R K; Kruer, W L; Labiak, W; Landen, O L; Langdon, A B; Langer, S; Latray, D; Lee, A; Lee, F D; Lund, D; MacGowan, B; Marshall, S; McBride, J; McCarville, T; McGrew, L; Mackinnon, A J; Mahavandi, S; Manes, K; Marshall, C; Mertens, E; Meezan, N; Miller, G; Montelongo, S; Moody, J D; Moses, E; Munro, D; Murray, J; Neumann, J; Newton, M; Ng, E; Niemann, C; Nikitin, A; Opsahl, P; Padilla, E; Parham, T; Parrish, G; Petty, C; Polk, M; Powell, C; Reinbachs, I; Rekow, V; Rinnert, R; Riordan, B; Rhodes, M

    2003-11-11

    The first experiments on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) have employed the first four beams to measure propagation and laser backscattering losses in large ignition-size plasmas. Gas-filled targets between 2 mm and 7 mm length have been heated from one side by overlapping the focal spots of the four beams from one quad operated at 351 nm (3{omega}) with a total intensity of 2 x 10{sup 15} W cm{sup -2}. The targets were filled with 1 atm of CO{sub 2} producing of up to 7 mm long homogeneously heated plasmas with densities of n{sub e} = 6 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} and temperatures of T{sub e} = 2 keV. The high energy in a NIF quad of beams of 16kJ, illuminating the target from one direction, creates unique conditions for the study of laser plasma interactions at scale lengths not previously accessible. The propagation through the large-scale plasma was measured with a gated x-ray imager that was filtered for 3.5 keV x rays. These data indicate that the beams interact with the full length of this ignition-scale plasma during the last {approx}1 ns of the experiment. During that time, the full aperture measurements of the stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated Raman scattering show scattering into the four focusing lenses of 6% for the smallest length ({approx}2 mm). increasing to 12% for {approx}7 mm. These results demonstrate the NIF experimental capabilities and further provide a benchmark for three-dimensional modeling of the laser-plasma interactions at ignition-size scale lengths.

  15. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2014-06-30

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of Federal energy and water conservation standards adopted from 1987 through 2013. The standards for consumer products and commercial and industrial equipment include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. In 2013, the standards saved an estimated 4.05 quads of primary energy, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. energy consumption. The savings in operating costs for households and businesses totaled $56 billion. The average household saved $361 in operating costs as a result of residential and plumbing product standards. The estimated reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions associated with the standards in 2013 was 218 million metric tons, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The estimated cumulative energy savings over the period 1990-2090 amount to 181 quads. Accounting for the increased upfront costs of more-efficient products and the operating cost (energy and water) savings over the products’ lifetime, the standards have a past and projected cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $1,271 billion and $1,487 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. The water conservation standards, together with energy conservation standards that also save water, reduced water use by 1.9 trillion gallons in 2013, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2090 of 55 trillion gallons. The estimated consumer savings in 2013 from reduced water use amounted to $16 billon.

  16. Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Homan, GregoryK; Sanchez, Marla; Brown, RichardE; Lai, Judy

    2010-08-24

    This paper presents current and projected savings for ENERGY STAR labeled products, and details the status of the model as implemented in the September 2009 spreadsheets. ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency labeling program operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products, and currently labels more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with stakeholders. This report presents savings estimates for ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of energy, dollar, and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2008, annual forecasts for 2009 and 2010, and cumulative savings estimates for the period 1993 through 2008 and cumulative forecasts for the period 2009 through 2015. Through 2008 the program saved 8.8 Quads of primary energy and avoided the equivalent of 158 metric tones carbon (MtC). The forecast for the period 2009-2015 is 18.1 Quads or primary energy saved and 316 MtC emissions avoided. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 104 MtC and 213 MtC (1993 to 2008) and between 206 MtC and 444 MtC (2009 to 2015). In this report we address the following questions for ENERGY STAR labeled products: (1) How are ENERGY STAR impacts quantified; (2) What are the ENERGY STAR achievements; and (3) What are the limitations to our method?

  17. Non-linear diffusion in RD and in Hilbert Spaces, a Cylindrical/Functional Integral Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luiz Carlos Lobato Botelho

    2012-07-02

    We present a proof for the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for a cut-off and non cut-off model of non-linear diffusion equation in finite-dimensional space RD useful for modelling flows on porous medium with saturation, turbulent advection, etc. - and subject to deterministic or stochastic (white noise) stirrings. In order to achieve such goal, we use the powerful results of compacity on functional Lp spaces (the Aubin-Lion Theorem). We use such results to write a path-integral solution for this problem. Additionally, we present the rigourous functional integral solutions for the Linear Diffussion equation defined in Infinite-Dimensional Spaces (Separable Hilbert Spaces). These further results are presented in order to be useful to understand Polymer cylindrical surfaces probability distributions and functionals on String theory.

  18. A laboratory evaluation of theodolite surveying instruments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Larry Harold

    1971-01-01

    (Ber?cr) 7. II=; eiut i nn ':!c'nt De! n (I', c cn) 8. BcsoJL' iun Test D, . ! a (Zci. . c) 9. Ili. &. iiciim I)ocus Tost Data (Icrger) 10. )Fii niri&m I'onus 'J'ci. t Da& e. (Kern) Ji. :I&nlmim Focus Test Data (Zeiss) 21 4i6 47 4 ci 5 )J 52... folio?ing test= rccorrchdcd by Profe. ;si r Orr wi11 be u. , ed ir. 1 his invcstig, ;Lion: I, ;nagnification test 2. resolve inn t. st 3. high Lcmgcrature te. , t. thccdolite circle test 5. h. ight of standards test 6. focal collimation test 7...

  19. The hierarchical permutation of shuffle-exchange networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shyh-Ching

    1992-01-01

    ', ' q'ran. a&lions on Autorualic 6'ontr r&l. inter& onncction n&. twlork single-sl, age I I ui 1 l. I- s 1 age tim& sE&are&I Ems c I'0 as b a I' lil I I I 1 I p 0 I' 1 uieulory blocking rearrarlgea, ble I'ig. l. ('Eassification of interconnection...&vo &oiuparands diff('I. cls cfn 0 I H 4 6 6 7 I"'ig. ', 1. A shuEe-exchange network Close examination of tltis algorithut shows that the data, circulates in thc VSC only in one clirection shufHe, for thc strategy that the author acloptecl is to shuf...

  20. A refined deflected gradient search program for solving nonlinear maximization problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Raymond Earl

    1972-01-01

    '!"'6SEI!T STATUS QE SE'"lh'SI" TECH;I[IILiES I5 i3r". ". ' . . b J pr'ob le, ", s . '0 . in I I; hP. I ~ con cinua I ly 5oo!Ping so I 0 Lions . ' ', '. b '': r, oi oi I on, l?rIPr soIOP. 0!"I t'=5'I 3 of goodncs !Io!3erally the object of r ar... ) T ! 1 a is e act ly i'be salrle as (1!1) . F1etcher anoI I'or;, all f6] piesent an 1ri!uct1!re prooi tbat 'lie vcr. toes '. X. are 1! iiear1y 1:Ide;&erident eIaervectors of II g ', ll c;:rr r-c; o. II!e ! !1 . c'er! era, ''ierII 'e " ', iree '', e...

  1. Derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigel, Alexander; Engel, Assaf

    2008-01-01

    Interpretation of animal behavior, especially as cooperative or selfish, is a challenge for evolutionary theory. Strategy of a competition should follow from corresponding Darwinian payoffs for the available behavioral options. The payoffs and decision making processes, however, are difficult to observe and quantify. Here we present a general method for the derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable statistics of interactions. The method is applied to combat of male bowl and doily spiders, to predator inspection by sticklebacks and to territorial defense by lions, demonstrating animal behavior as a new type of game theoretical equilibrium. Games animals play may be derived unequivocally from their observable behavior, the reconstruction, however, can be subjected to fundamental limitations due to our inability to observe all information exchange mechanisms (communication).

  2. Global Existence of Weak Solutions for Compresssible Navier--Stokes Equations: Thermodynamically unstable pressure and anisotropic viscous stress tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Didier Bresch; Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin

    2015-07-16

    We prove global existence of appropriate weak solutions for the compressible Navier--Stokes equations for more general stress tensor than those covered by P.-L. Lions and E. Feireisl's theory. More precisely we focus on more general pressure laws which are not thermodynamically stable; we are also able to handle some anisotropy in the viscous stress tensor. To give answers to these two longstanding problems, we revisit the classical compactness theory on the density by obtaining precise quantitative regularity estimates: This requires a more precise analysis of the structure of the equations combined to a novel approach to the compactness of the continuity equation. These two cases open the theory to important physical applications, for instance to describe solar events (virial pressure law), geophysical flows (eddy viscosity) or biological situations (anisotropy).

  3. "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups. VII. Concordance"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1989-01-01

    -56) Caprids from Isopata T. 3 (IV 60-61 & 69) Columbia (Vl 58-59) Conch Blower, HM 24 (III 63) Contorted Bull (N 61'-62) Couchant Boars (IV 66-67) Cretan Popular (CP): CP Agrimia (II 125) CP Boars (Ii 125) CP Bulls (11124-1'25) CP Cult (II 124) CP Deet (Il 125...) CP Lions (lI 1.24) CP Men (Il1.23-124) CP Monsters (II 126-127) CP Octopus (lI 126) CP Women (II123) CP Waterbirds (II 125) Crossed Hocks (VI 59-60) Danicourt (IIl 58-60) Dot-Eye Misc. (IV 73) Dot-Eye Mumps (M0-72) dependent: Glass Minotaurs (IV 72...

  4. Global solution to the Cauchy problem on a universe fireworks model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhenglu Jiang; Hongjiong Tian

    2008-06-06

    We prove existence and uniqueness of the global solution to the Cauchy problem on a universe fireworks model with finite total mass at the initial state when the ratio of the mass surviving the explosion, the probability of the explosion of fragments and the probability function of the velocity change of a surviving particle satisfy the corresponding physical conditions. Although the nonrelativistic Boltzmann-like equation modeling the universe fireworks is mathematically easy, this paper leads rather theoretically to an understanding of how to construct contractive mappings in a Banach space for the proof of the existence and uniqueness by means of methods taken from the famous work by DiPerna & Lions about the Boltzmann equation. We also show both the regularity and the time-asymptotic behavior of solution to the Cauchy problem.

  5. Developing Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouton, J.; Bransby, D.; Conger, B.; McLaughlin, S.; Ocumpaugh, W.; Parrish, D.; Taliaferro, C.; Vogel, K.; Wullschleger, S.

    1998-11-08

    The utilization of energy crops produced on American farms as a source of renewable fuels is a concept with great relevance to current ecological and economic issues at both national and global scales. Development of a significant national capacity to utilize perennial forage crops, such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum, L.) as biofuels could benefit our agricultural economy by providing an important new source of income for farmers. In addition energy production from perennial cropping systems, which are compatible with conventional fining practices, would help reduce degradation of agricultural soils, lower national dependence on foreign oil supplies, and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and toxic pollutants to the atmosphere (McLaughlin 1998). Interestingly, on-farm energy production is a very old concept, extending back to 19th century America when both transpofiation and work on the farm were powered by approximately 27 million draft animals and fueled by 34 million hectares of grasslands (Vogel 1996). Today a new form of energy production is envisioned for some of this same acreage. The method of energy production is exactly the same - solar energy captured in photosynthesis, but the subsequent modes of energy conversion are vastly different, leading to the production of electricity, transportation fuels, and chemicals from the renewable feedstocks. While energy prices in the United States are among the cheapest in the world, the issues of high dependency on imported oil, the uncertainties of maintaining stable supplies of imported oil from finite reserves, and the environmental costs associated with mining, processing, and combusting fossil fuels have been important drivers in the search for cleaner burning fuels that can be produced and renewed from the landscape. At present biomass and bioenergy combine provide only about 4% of the total primary energy used in the U.S. (Overend 1997). By contrast, imported oil accounts for approximately 44% of the foreign trade deficit in the U.S. and about 45% of the total annual U.S. oil consumption of 34 quads (1 quad = 1015 Btu, Lynd et al. 1991). The 22 quads of oil consumed by transportation represents approximately 25% of all energy use in the US and excedes total oil imports to the US by about 50%. This oil has environmental and social costs, which go well beyond the purchase price of around $15 per barrel. Renewable energy from biomass has the potential to reduce dependency on fossil fhels, though not to totally replace them. Realizing this potential will require the simultaneous development of high yielding biomass production systems and bioconversion technologies that efficiently convert biomass energy into the forms of energy and chemicals usable by industry. The endpoint criterion for success is economic gain for both agricultural and industrial sectors at reduced environmental cost and reduced political risk. This paper reviews progress made in a program of research aimed at evaluating and developing a perennial forage crop, switchgrass as a regional bioenergy crop. We will highlight here aspects of research progress that most closely relate to the issues that will determine when and how extensively switchgrass is used in commercial bioenergy production.

  6. Assessing economic impacts of clean diesel engines. Phase 1 report: U.S.- or foreign-produced clean diesel engines for selected light trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teotia, A.P.; Vyas, A.D.; Cuenca, R.M.; Stodolsky, F.

    1999-11-02

    Light trucks' share of the US light vehicle market rose from 20% in 1980 to 41% in 1996. By 1996, annual energy consumption for light trucks was 6.0 x 10{sup 15} Btu (quadrillion Btu, or quad), compared with 7.9 quad for cars. Gasoline engines, used in almost 99% of light trucks, do not meet the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards. These engines have poor fuel economy, many getting only 10--12 miles per gallon. Diesel engines, despite their much better fuel economy, had not been preferred by US light truck manufacturers because of problems with high NO{sub x} and particulate emissions. The US Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies, has funded research projects at several leading engine makers to develop a new low-emission, high-efficiency advanced diesel engine, first for large trucks, then for light trucks. Recent advances in diesel engine technology may overcome the NO{sub x} and particulate problems. Two plausible alternative clean diesel (CD) engine market penetration trajectories were developed, representing an optimistic case (High Case) and an industry response to meet the CAFE standards (CAFE Case). However, leadership in the technology to produce a successful small, advanced diesel engine for light trucks is an open issue between U.S. and foreign companies and could have major industry and national implications. Direct and indirect economic effects of the following CD scenarios were estimated by using the Standard and Poor's Data Resources, Inc., US economy model: High Case with US Dominance, High Case with Foreign Dominance, CAFE Case with US Dominance, and CAFE Case with Foreign Dominance. The model results demonstrate that the economic activity under each of the four CD scenarios is higher than in the Base Case (business as usual). The economic activity is highest for the High Case with US dominance, resulting in maximum gains in such key indicators as gross domestic product, total civilian employment, and federal government surplus. Specifically, the cumulative real gross domestic product surplus over the Base Case during the 2000--2022 period is about $56 x 10{sup 9} (constant 1992 dollars) under this high US dominance case. In contrast, the real gross domestic product gains under the high foreign dominance case would be only about half of the above gains with US dominance.

  7. ASSESSMENT OF THE ABILITY OF STANDARD SLURRY PUMPS TO MIX MISCIBLE AND IMMISCIBLE LIQUIDS IN TANK 50H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.

    2011-06-15

    Tank 50H is the feed tank for the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF). At present, Tank 50H contains two standard slurry pumps and two Quad Volute slurry pumps. Current requirements and mixing operation is to run three pumps for one hour prior to initiating a feed transfer to SPF. Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste would like to move one or both of the Quad Volute pumps from Tank 50H to Tank 51H to replace pumps in Tank 51H that are failing. In addition, one of the standard pumps in Tank 50H exhibits high seal leakage and vibration. SRS Liquid Waste requested Savannah River National (SRNL) to conduct a study to evaluate the feasibility of mixing the contents of Tank 50H with one to three standard slurry pumps. To determine the pump requirements to blend miscible and immiscible liquids in Tank 50H, the author reviewed the pilot-scale blending work performed for the Salt Disposition Integration Project (SDIP) and the technical literature, and applied the results to Tank 50H to determine the number, size, and operating parameters needed to blend the tank contents. The conclusions from this analysis are: (1) A single rotating standard slurry pump (with a 13.6 ft{sup 2}/s U{sub 0}D) will be able to blend miscible liquids (i.e., salt solution) in Tank 50H within 4.4 hours. (2) Two rotating standard slurry pumps will be able to blend miscible liquids in Tank 50H within 3.1 hours. (3) Three rotating standard slurry pumps will be able to blend miscible liquids in Tank 50H within 2.5 hours. (4) A single rotating standard slurry pump (with a 13.6 ft{sup 2}/s U{sub 0}D) will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets that are less than or equal to 15 micron in diameter. If the droplets are less than 15 micron, they will be dispersed within 4.4 hours. Isopar L{reg_sign} provides a lower bound on the maximum size of droplets that will be dispersed by the slurry pumps in Tank 50H. (5) Two rotating standard slurry pumps will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets less than 15 micron within 3.1 hours, and three rotating standard slurry pumps will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets less than 15 micron within 2.5 hours. (6) If the Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets are drawn through the pump, they will be further reduced in size, with a maximum drop size less than 15 micron.

  8. Development of a Hydronic Rooftop Unit-HyPak-MA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Lee; Mark Berman

    2009-11-14

    The majority of U.S. commercial floor space is cooled by rooftop HVAC units (RTUs). RTU popularity derives chiefly from their low initial cost and relative ease of service access without disturbing building occupants. Unfortunately, current RTUs are inherently inefficient due to a combination of characteristics that unnecessarily increase cooling loads and energy use. 36% percent of annual U.S. energy, and two-thirds of electricity, is consumed in and by buildings. Commercial buildings consume approximately 4.2 quads of energy each year at a cost of $230 billion per year, with HVAC equipment consuming 1.2 quads of electricity. More than half of all U.S. commercial floor space is cooled by packaged HVAC units, most of which are rooftop units (RTUs). Inefficient RTUs create an estimated 3.5% of U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions, thus contributing significantly to global warming5. Also, RTUs often fail to maintain adequate ventilation air and air filtration, reducing indoor air quality. This is the second HyPak project to be supported by DOE through NETL. The prior project, referred to as HyPak-1 in this report, had two rounds of prototype fabrication and testing as well as computer modeling and market research. The HyPak-1 prototypes demonstrated the high performance capabilities of the HyPak concept, but made it clear that further development was required to reduce heat exchanger cost and improve system reliability before HyPak commercialization can commence. The HyPak-1 prototypes were limited to about 25% ventilation air fraction, limiting performance and marketability. The current project is intended to develop a 'mixed-air' product that is capable of full 0-100% modulation in ventilation air fraction, hence it was referred to as HyPak-MA in the proposal. (For simplicity, the -MA has been dropped when referencing the current project.) The objective of the HyPak Project is to design, develop and test a hydronic RTU that provides a quantum improvement over conventional RTU performance. Our proposal targeted 60% and 50% reduction in electrical energy use by the HyPak RTU for dry and humid climates, respectively, when compared with a conventional unit, and reduction in peak energy consumption of 50% and 33% respectively. In addition to performance targets, our goal is to develop a production-ready design with durability, reliability and maintainability similar to air-cooled packaged equipment, and that can be commercialized immediately following the conclusion of this project.

  9. Regional growth and energy supply: Is there an energy security issue?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roop, J.M.; Freund, K.A.; Godoy-Kain, P.; Gu, A.Y.; Johnson, A.K.; Paananen, O.H.; Woodruff, M.G.

    1996-12-01

    This study examines how the growth of the developing world might affect energy markets in the future. Based on recent growth trends, world energy demand could reasonably be expected to grow from about 350 Exajoules (EJ: 1.0E18=0.95 Quad) to nearly 1025 EJ by the year 2020, nearly 3x current consumption estimates. Introduction of more energy-efficient technologies could reduce this growth by about 17% to 830 EJ. But one cannot rely exclusively on current trends to forecast future energy demand. The growth of the developing world will interact with supply to affect prices, which in turn will mitigate the growth of demand, and growth rates of energy use will be much more modes. Under the Business as Usual scenario, energy demand will grow to 835 EJ by 2020, and this could be reduced a further 15% to 714 EJ through the adoption of more energy efficient technologies. Fuel prices based on model results are analyzed. Energy security implications of rapid growth in the developing world are considered and found to be of likely little significance.

  10. A Programming Model Performance Study Using the NAS Parallel Benchmarks

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shan, Hongzhang; Blagojevi?, Filip; Min, Seung-Jai; Hargrove, Paul; Jin, Haoqiang; Fuerlinger, Karl; Koniges, Alice; Wright, Nicholas J.

    2010-01-01

    Harnessing the power of multicore platforms is challenging due to the additional levels of parallelism present. In this paper we use the NAS Parallel Benchmarks to study three programming models, MPI, OpenMP and PGAS to understand their performance and memory usage characteristics on current multicore architectures. To understand these characteristics we use the Integrated Performance Monitoring tool and other ways to measure communication versus computation time, as well as the fraction of the run time spent in OpenMP. The benchmarks are run on two different Cray XT5 systems and an Infiniband cluster. Our results show that in general the threemore »programming models exhibit very similar performance characteristics. In a few cases, OpenMP is significantly faster because it explicitly avoids communication. For these particular cases, we were able to re-write the UPC versions and achieve equal performance to OpenMP. Using OpenMP was also the most advantageous in terms of memory usage. Also we compare performance differences between the two Cray systems, which have quad-core and hex-core processors. We show that at scale the performance is almost always slower on the hex-core system because of increased contention for network resources.« less

  11. Space Heaters, Computers, Cell Phone Chargers: How Plugged In AreCommercial Buildings?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie; Brown, Richard; Busch, John; Pinckard, Margaret; Roberson, Judy

    2007-02-28

    Evidenceof electric plug loads in commercial buildings isvisible everyday: space heaters, portable fans, and the IT technician'stwo monitors connected to one PC. The Energy Information Administrationestimates that office and miscellaneous equipment together will consume2.18 quads in 2006, nearly 50 percent of U.S. commercial electricity use.Although the importance of commercial plug loads is documented, its verynature (diverse product types, products not installed when buildinginitially constructed, and products often hidden in closets) makes itdifficult to accurately count and categorize the end use.We auditedsixteen buildings in three cities (San Francisco, Atlanta, Pittsburgh)including office, medical and education building types. We inventoriedthe number and types of office and miscellaneous electric equipment aswell as estimated total energy consumption due to these product types. Intotal, we audited approximately 4,000 units of office equipment and 6,000units of miscellaneous equipment and covered a diverse range of productsranging from electric pencil sharpeners with a unit energy consumption(UEC) of 1 kWh/yr to a kiln with a UEC of 7,000 kWh/yr. Our paperpresents a summary of the density and type of plug load equipment foundas well as the estimated total energy consumption of the equipment.Additionally, we present equipment trends observed and provide insightsto how policy makers can target energy efficiency for this growing enduse.

  12. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Thermal Spray Coating Interface Quality by Eddy Current Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.Mi; X. Zhao; R. Bayles

    2006-05-26

    Thermal spray coating is usually applied through directing molten or softened particles at very high velocities onto a substrate. An eddy current non-destructive inspection technique is presented here for thermal spray coating interface quality characterization. Several high-velocity-oxy-fuel (HVOF) coated steel plates were produced with different surface preparation conditions before applying the coating, e.g., grit-blasted surface, wire-brush cleaned surface, and a dirty surface. A quad-frequency eddy current probe was used to manually scan over the coating surface to evaluate the bonding quality. Experimental results show that the three surface preparation conditions can be successfully differentiated by looking into the impedance difference observed from the eddy current probe. The measurement is fairly robust and consistent. More specimens are also prepared with variations of process parameters, such as spray angle, stand-off distance, and application of corrosion protective sealant, etc. They are blindly tested to evaluate the reliability of the eddy current system. Quantitative relations between the coating bond strength and the eddy current response are also established with the support of destructive testing. This non-contact, non-destructive, easy to use technique has the potential for evaluating the coating quality immediately after its application so that any defects can be corrected immediately.

  13. Assembling and Installing LRUs for NIF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonanno, R E

    2003-12-31

    Within the 192 National Ignition Facility (NIF) beamlines, there are over 7000 large (40 x 40 cm) optical components, including laser glass, mirrors, lenses, and polarizers. These optics are held in large opto-mechanical assemblies called line-replaceable units (LRUs). Each LRU has strict specifications with respect to cleanliness, alignment, and wavefront so that once activated, each NIF beamline will meet its performance requirements. NIF LRUs are assembled, tested, and refurbished in on-site cleanroom facilities. The assembled LRUs weigh up to 1800 kilograms, and are about the size of a phone booth. They are transported in portable clean canisters and inserted into the NIF beampath using robotic transporters. This plug and play design allows LRUs to be easily removed from the beampath for maintenance or upgrades. Commissioning of the first NIF quad, an activity known as NIF Early Light (NEL), has validated LRU designs and architecture, as well as demonstrated that LRUs can be assembled and installed as designed. Furthermore, it has served to develop key processes and tools forming the foundation for NIF s long-term LRU production and maintenance strategy. As we look forward to building out the rest of NIF, the challenge lies in scaling up the production rate while maintaining quality, implementing process improvements, and fully leveraging the learning and experience gained from NEL. This paper provides an overview of the facilities, equipment and processes used to assemble and install LRUs in NIF.

  14. Using Surface Impedance for Calculating Wakefields in Flat Geometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bane, Karl; Stupakov, Gennady

    2015-03-01

    Beginning with Maxwell's equations and assuming only that the wall interaction can be approximated by a surface impedance, we derive formulas for the generalized longitudinal and transverse impedance in flat geometry, from which the wakefields can also be obtained. From the generalized impedances, by taking the proper limits, we obtain the normal longitudinal, dipole, and quad impedances in flat geometry. These equations can be applied to any surface impedance, such as the known dc, ac, and anomalous skin models of wall resistance, a model of wall roughness, or one for a pipe with small, periodic corrugations. We show that, formore »the particular case of dc wall resistance, the longitudinal impedance obtained here agrees with a known result in the literature, a result that was derived from a very general formula by Henke and Napoly. As concrete example, we apply our results to representative beam and machine parameters in the undulator region of LCLS-II and estimate the impact of the transverse wakes on the machine performance.« less

  15. Interferometric adaptive optics for high power laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, K L; Stappaerts, E A; Homoelle, D C; Henesian, M A; Bliss, E S; Siders, C W; Barty, C J

    2009-01-21

    Implementing the capability to perform fast ignition experiments, as well as, radiography experiments on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) places stringent requirements on the control of each of the beam's pointing and overall wavefront quality. One quad of the NIF beams, 4 beam pairs, will be utilized for these experiments and hydrodynamic and particle-in-cell simulations indicate that for the fast ignition experiments, these beams will be required to deliver 50% (4.0 kJ) of their total energy (7.96 kJ) within a 40 {micro}m diameter spot at the end of a fast ignition cone target. This requirement implies a stringent pointing and overall phase conjugation error budget on the adaptive optics system used to correct these beam lines. The overall encircled energy requirement is more readily met by phasing of the beams in pairs but still requires high Strehl ratios, Sr, and rms tip/tilt errors of approximately one {micro}rad. To accomplish this task we have designed an interferometric adaptive optics system capable of beam pointing, high Strehl ratio and beam phasing with a single pixilated MEMS deformable mirror and interferometric wave-front sensor. We present the design of a testbed used to evaluate the performance of this wave-front sensor below along with simulations of its expected performance level.

  16. Reactor protection system with automatic self-testing and diagnostic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, Donald C. (Cupertino, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A reactor protection system having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Automatic detection and discrimination against failed sensors allows the reactor protection system to automatically enter a known state when sensor failures occur. Cross communication of sensor readings allows comparison of four theoretically "identical" values. This permits identification of sensor errors such as drift or malfunction. A diagnostic request for service is issued for errant sensor data. Automated self test and diagnostic monitoring, sensor input through output relay logic, virtually eliminate the need for manual surveillance testing. This provides an ability for each division to cross-check all divisions and to sense failures of the hardware logic.

  17. Primordial features due to a step in the inflaton potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazra, Dhiraj Kumar; Sriramkumar, L. [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211 019 (India); Aich, Moumita; Souradeep, Tarun [IUCAA, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Jain, Rajeev Kumar, E-mail: dhiraj@hri.res.in, E-mail: moumita@iucaa.ernet.in, E-mail: rajeev.jain@unige.ch, E-mail: sriram@hri.res.in, E-mail: tarun@iucaa.ernet.in [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Geneva, 24 Quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH-1211, Geneva 4 (Switzerland)

    2010-10-01

    Certain oscillatory features in the primordial scalar power spectrum are known to provide a better fit to the outliers in the cosmic microwave background data near the multipole moments of l = 22 and 40. These features are usually generated by introducing a step in the popular, quadratic potential describing the canonical scalar field. Such a model will be ruled out, if the tensors remain undetected at a level corresponding to a tensor-to-scalar ratio of, say, r ? 0.1. In this work, in addition to the popular quadratic potential, we investigate the effects of the step in a small field model and a tachyon model. With possible applications to future datasets (such as PLANCK) in mind, we evaluate the tensor power spectrum exactly, and include its contribution in our analysis. We compare the models with the WMAP (five as well as seven-year), the QUaD and the ACBAR data. As expected, a step at a particular location and of a suitable magnitude and width is found to improve the fit to the outliers (near l = 22 and 40) in all these cases. We point out that, if the tensors prove to be small (say, r?<0.01), the quadratic potential and the tachyon model will cease to be viable, and more attention will need to be paid to examples such as the small field models.

  18. Gasification of refuse derived fuel in the Battelle high throughput gasification system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paisley, M.A.; Creamer, K.S.; Tweksbury, T.L.; Taylor, D.R. )

    1989-07-01

    This report presents the results of an experimental program to demonstrate the suitability of the Battelle High Throughput Gasification Process to non-wood biomass fuels. An extensive data base on wood gasification was generated during a multi-year experimental program. This data base and subsequent design and economic analysis activities led to the discussion to study the gasification character of other fuels. The specific fuel studied was refuse derived fuel (RDF) which is a prepared municipal solid waste (MSW). The use of RDF, while providing a valuable fuel, can also provide a solution to MSW disposal problems. Gasification of MSW provides advantages over land fill or mass burn technology since a more usable form of energy, medium Btu gas, is produced. Land filling of wastes produces no usable products and mass burning while greatly reducing the volume of wastes for disposal can produce only steam. This steam must be used on site or very nearby this limiting the potential locations for mass burn facilities. Such a gas, if produced from currently available supplies of MSW, can contribute 2 quads to the US energy supply. 3 refs., 12 figs., 7 tabs.

  19. Evaluation of the State Energy Conservation Program from program initiation to September 1978. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heller, James N.; Grossmann, John R.; Shochet, Susan; Bresler, Joel; Duggan, Noreene

    1980-03-01

    The State Energy Conservation Program was established in 1975 to promote energy conservation and to help states develop and implement their own conservation programs. Base (5) and supplemental (3) programs required states to implement programs including: mandatory thermal-efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings; mandatory lighting efficiency standards for public buildings; mandatory standards and policies affecting the procurement practices of the state and its political subdivisions; program measures to promote the availability and use of carpools, vanpools, and public transportation; a traffic law or regulation which permits a right turn-on-red; and procedures to carry out a continuing public education effort to increase awareness of energy conservation; procedures which promote effective coordination among local, state, and Federal energy conservation programs; and procedures for carrying out energy audits on buildings and industrial plants. All 50 states and Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the District of Columbia participated in the program. The total 1980 energy savings projected by the states is about 5.9 quadrillion Btu's or about 7% of the DOE projected 1980 baseline consumption of just under 83 quads. The detailed summary is presented on the following: information the SECP evaluation; DOE response to the SECP; DOE's role in the program management process; the effectiveness of the states in managing the SECP; the status of program measure implementation; innovative state energy conservation programs; and the evaluation methodology.

  20. Advanced technology options for industrial heating equipment research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, R.C.

    1992-10-01

    This document presents a strategy for a comprehensive program plan that is applicable to the Combustion Equipment Program of the DOE Office of Industrial Technologies (the program). The program seeks to develop improved heating equipment and advanced control techniques which, by improvements in combustion and beat transfer, will increase energy-use efficiency and productivity in industrial processes and allow the preferred use of abundant, low grade and waste domestic fuels. While the plan development strategy endeavors to be consistent with the programmatic goals and policies of the office, it is primarily governed by the needs and concerns of the US heating equipment industry. The program, by nature, focuses on energy intensive industrial processes. According to the DOE Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), the industrial sector in the US consumed about 21 quads of energy in 1988 in the form of coal, petroleum, natural gas and electricity. This energy was used as fuels for industrial boilers and furnaces, for agricultural uses, for construction, as feedstocks for chemicals and plastics, and for steel, mining, motors, engines and other industrial use over 75 percent of this energy was consumed to provide heat and power for manufacturing industries. The largest consumers of fuel energy were the primary metals, chemical and allied products, paper and allied products, and stone, clay and glass industry groups which accounted for about 60% of the total fuel energy consumed by the US manufacturing sector.

  1. Octahedral spherical hohlraum and its laser arrangement for inertial fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan, Ke; He, Xian-Tu; Liu, Jie [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zheng, Wudi; Lai, Dongxian [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)

    2014-05-15

    A recent publication [K. Lan et al., Phys. Plasmas 21, 010704 (2014)] proposed a spherical hohlraum with six laser entrance holes of octahedral symmetry at a specific hohlraum-to-capsule radius ratio of 5.14 for inertial fusion study, which has robust high symmetry during the capsule implosion and superiority on low backscatter without supplementary technology. This paper extends the previous one by studying the laser arrangement and constraints of octahedral hohlraum in detail. As a result, it has serious beam crossing at ?{sub L}?45°, and ?{sub L}=50° to 60° is proposed as the optimum candidate range for the golden octahedral hohlraum, here ?{sub L} is the opening angle that the laser quad beam makes with the Laser Entrance Hole (LEH) normal direction. In addition, the design of the LEH azimuthal angle should avoid laser spot overlapping on hohlraum wall and laser beam transferring outside hohlraum from a neighbor LEH. The octahedral hohlraums are flexible and can be applicable to diverse inertial fusion drive approaches. This paper also applies the octahedral hohlraum to the recent proposed hybrid indirect-direct drive approach.

  2. Reactor protection system with automatic self-testing and diagnostic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, D.C.

    1996-12-17

    A reactor protection system is disclosed having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Automatic detection and discrimination against failed sensors allows the reactor protection system to automatically enter a known state when sensor failures occur. Cross communication of sensor readings allows comparison of four theoretically ``identical`` values. This permits identification of sensor errors such as drift or malfunction. A diagnostic request for service is issued for errant sensor data. Automated self test and diagnostic monitoring, sensor input through output relay logic, virtually eliminate the need for manual surveillance testing. This provides an ability for each division to cross-check all divisions and to sense failures of the hardware logic. 16 figs.

  3. Fault-tolerant reactor protection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, D.C.

    1997-04-15

    A reactor protection system is disclosed having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Each division performs independently of the others (asynchronous operation). All communications between the divisions are asynchronous. Each chassis substitutes its own spare sensor reading in the 2/3 vote if a sensor reading from one of the other chassis is faulty or missing. Therefore the presence of at least two valid sensor readings in excess of a set point is required before terminating the output to the hardware logic of a scram inhibition signal even when one of the four sensors is faulty or when one of the divisions is out of service. 16 figs.

  4. High resolving power spectrometer for beam analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moshammer, H.W.; Spencer, J.E.

    1992-03-01

    We describe a system designed to analyze the high energy, closely spaced bunches from individual RF pulses. Neither a large solid angle nor momentum range is required so this allows characteristics that appear useful for other applications such as ion beam lithography. The spectrometer is a compact, double-focusing QBQ design whose symmetry allows the Quads to range between F or D with a correspondingly large range of magnifications, dispersion and resolving power. This flexibility insures the possibility of spatially separating all of the bunches along the focal plane with minimal transverse kicks and bending angle for differing input conditions. The symmetry of the system allows a simple geometric interpretationof the resolving power in terms of thin lenses and ray optics. We discuss the optics and the hardware that is proposed to measure emittance, energy, energy spread and bunch length for each bunch in an RF pulse train for small bunch separations. We also discuss how to use such measurements for feedback and feedforward control of these bunch characteristics as well as maintain their stability. 2 refs.

  5. Numerical analysis of the direct drive illumination uniformity for the Laser MegaJoule facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Temporal, M., E-mail: mauro.temporal@hotmail.com [Centre de Mathématiques et de Leurs Applications, ENS Cachan and CNRS, 61 Av. du President Wilson, F-94235 Cachan Cedex (France); Canaud, B. [CEA, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon Cedex (France)] [CEA, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon Cedex (France); Garbett, W. J. [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom)] [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Ramis, R. [ETSI Aeronáuticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain)] [ETSI Aeronáuticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-01-15

    The illumination uniformity provided during the initial imprinting phase of the laser foot pulse in a direct drive scenario at the Laser MegaJoule facility has been analyzed. This study analyzes the quality of the illumination of a spherical capsule and concerns the uniformity of the first shock generate in the absorber of an Inertial Confinement Fusion capsule. Four configurations making use of all or some of the 80 laser beams organized in the 20 quads of the cones at 49° and 131° with respect to the polar axis have been considered in order to assemble the foot pulse. Elliptical and circular super-gaussian laser intensity profiles taking into account beam-to-beam power imbalance (10%), pointing error (50??m), and target positioning (20??m) have been considered. It has been found that the use of the Polar Direct Drive technique can in some cases reduce the irradiation non-uniformity by a factor as high as 50%. In all cases, elliptical profile provides better results in comparison with the circular one and it is shown that the minimum of the non-uniformity is also a function of the capsule radius.

  6. The Eta Chamaeleontis Cluster Origin in the Sco-Cen OB Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamajek, E E; Feigelson, E D; Mamajek, Eric E.; Lawson, Warrick A.; Feigelson, Eric D.

    2000-01-01

    A young, nearby compact aggregate of X-ray emitting pre-main sequence stars was recently discovered in the vicinity of eta Cha (B8V). In this paper, we further investigate this cluster: its membership, its environs and origins. ROSAT HRI X-ray data for the cluster's T Tauri stars show high levels of magnetic activity and variability. The cluster has an anomalous X-ray luminosity function compared to other young clusters, deficient in stars with low, but detectable X-ray luminosities. This suggests that many low-mass members have escaped the surveyed core region. Photographic photometry from the USNO-A2.0 catalog indicates that additional, X-ray-quiet members exist in the cluster core region. The components of the eclipsing binary RS Cha, previously modeled in the literature as post-MS with discordant ages, are shown to be consistent with being coeval pre-MS stars. We compute the Galactic motion of the cluster from Hipparcos data, and compare it to other young stars and associations in the fourth Galactic quad...

  7. The top 50 commodity chemicals: Impact of catalytic process limitations on energy, environment, and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonkovich, A.L.Y.; Gerber, M.A.

    1995-08-01

    The production processes for the top 50 U.S. commodity chemicals waste energy, generate unwanted byproducts, and require more than a stoichiometric amount of feedstocks. Pacific Northwest Laboratory has quantified this impact on energy, environment, and economics for the catalytically produced commodity chemicals. An excess of 0.83 quads of energy per year in combined process and feedstock energy is required. The major component, approximately 54%, results from low per-pass yields and the subsequent separation and recycle of unreacted feedstocks. Furthermore, the production processes, either directly or through downstream waste treatment steps, release more than 20 billion pounds of carbon dioxide per year to the environment. The cost of the wasted feedstock exceeds 2 billion dollars per year. Process limitations resulting from unselective catalysis and unfavorable reaction thermodynamic constraints are the major contributors to this waste. Advanced process concepts that address these problems in an integrated manner are needed to improve process efficiency, which would reduce energy and raw material consumption, and the generation of unwanted byproducts. Many commodity chemicals are used to produce large volume polymer products. Of the energy and feedstock wasted during the production of the commodity chemicals, nearly one-third and one-half, respectively, represents chemicals used as polymer precursors. Approximately 38% of the carbon dioxide emissions are generated producing polymer feedstocks.

  8. Initial Beta-Gamma Nuclear Detector Background Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, Matthew W.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.

    2011-09-12

    Detection of underground nuclear explosions and, more recently, nuclear reactor events is of great national interest. These measurements are most often made by determining the concentration of radioactive noble gases in the atmosphere. Currently there are several ground-based systems capable of making radioxenon gas measurements. The measurement is often close to the detection limit, so understanding the parameters and features that limit the measurement is very important. A preliminary study of the detection limit has been performed using a ?-? Quad detector designed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The initial study has concentrated on the measuring the ambient radioactive background. By making several background measurements while varying the detector, shielding it is possible to identify whether the ambient background is internal or external to the detector. Furthermore, internal background contributions can be potentially reduced by selecting alternative low-background materials, while external background can be reduced by increasing the active or passive shielding present. By reducing the background contributions, it is possible to improve the detection limit and therefore the likelihood of positively identifying a nuclear test.

  9. Fault-tolerant reactor protection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, Donald C. (Cupertino, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A reactor protection system having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Each division performs independently of the others (asynchronous operation). All communications between the divisions are asynchronous. Each chassis substitutes its own spare sensor reading in the 2/3 vote if a sensor reading from one of the other chassis is faulty or missing. Therefore the presence of at least two valid sensor readings in excess of a set point is required before terminating the output to the hardware logic of a scram inhibition signal even when one of the four sensors is faulty or when one of the divisions is out of service.

  10. Understand the potential of electro-separations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byers, C.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Amarnath, A. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

    1995-02-01

    Unit operations to separate and purify chemicals consume over 4 Quads (10[sup 15] Btu) of energy in the US alone each year. They also directly or indirectly generate considerable amounts of emissions. These economic and environmental pressures pose challenges that will require new processing approaches. The authors feel that electro-separations will play a leading role in achieving the efficiency and environmental improvements that will be demanded of the chemical process industries (CPI) in the early 21st Century. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the status of electro-separations. But first, to avoid any confusion, they clarify what they mean by the term electro-separations. Conventionally, it refers only to electrolysis-type technologies, such as electrophoresis, electrokinetics, and electrodialysis. Instead, they propose a broader definition: the use of electricity, or electro-magnetic fields to produce and enhance chemical or physical separation. The definition thus includes such processes as electro- and dielectric filtration, magnetic separation, any process where electric or magnetic fields profoundly affect the transport rate, and numerous other technologies that are now in early development but, with adequate support, may become preeminent separation technologies. The relative significance of this broad palette of technologies to the emerging needs of the CPI is the subject of their ongoing study.

  11. BTA Magnet Field Map Archive and MAD Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glenn,J.W.

    2008-04-01

    This note publishes some and information that has resided in private files. The attached tables were provided by Joseph Skelly from his archives. They show magnetic field measurements versus excitation current for the Booster to AGS transfer line quadrupoles and dipoles based on field measurements [we believe] were done by the Magnet Division. Also given are Ed Blesser's fifth order fits of field versus current. The results are given in 'Tesla' or T-M/M. These tables are attached to provide an archive of this data. The MAD model of the BTA line does have the same values as shown in the attached fits so the transfer was correct. MAD uses as its 'gradient' for quads Tesla per meter normalized to rigidity [B-rho]. The model of the BTA line in use uses the T-M/M given in the tables divided by the length to give T M which is then normalized by Brho. Thus, the input to the model appears to be correct. The original model is also attached as part of a memo by Skelly describing it.

  12. Test and evaluation report for Westinghouse Hanford Company`s 1-L Liquid Shipper, Docket 95-41-7A, Type A container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, D.L.

    1995-11-01

    This report documents the U.S. Department of Transportation Specification 7A Type A (DOT-7A) compliance test results of the 1-L Liquid Shipper packaging. The 1-L Liquid Shipper consists of the 3M SafeSend polyethylene canister base and cap with integral sorbent material, a quad ring gasket, a plastic bag, and six foam inserts. A 1-L narrow-mouth, Teflon bottle with Tefzel lid holds contents. The inner bottle is placed inside the SafeSend container. The inner bottle content weight cannot exceed 2000 g (4.4 lb). Total bottle weight, including contents cannot exceed 2167.5 g (4.78 lb). The nominal gross weight of the assembled packaging is to be no more that 3830.5 g (8.4 lb). The approved packaging system is designed to ship Type A quantities of radioactive materials, normal form. Contents may be liquid or solid form. Liquid contents may have a specific gravity less than or equal to (<2). Solid materials are limited in weight, to include packaging, to the gross weight of the as-tested liquids and bottles.

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF A HYDRONIC ROOFTOP UNIT -- HYPAK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Lee; Dick Bourne; Mark Berman

    2004-03-25

    The majority of US commercial floor space is cooled by rooftop HVAC units (RTU's). RTU popularity derives chiefly from their low initial cost and relative ease of service access without disturbing building occupants. Unfortunately, current RTU's are inherently inefficient due to a combination of characteristics that unnecessarily increase cooling loads and energy use. Existing RTU's in the U.S. consume an estimated 2.4 quads annually. Inefficient RTU's create an estimated 3.5% of U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions, thus contributing significantly to global warming. Also, RTU's often fail to maintain adequate ventilation air and air filtration. This project was developed to evaluate the feasibility of a radically new ''HyPak'' RTU design that significantly and cost-effectively increases RTU performance and delivered air quality. The objective of the HyPak Project was to design, develop and test a hydronic RTU that provides a quantum improvement over conventional RTU performance. Our proposal targeted 60% and 50% reduction in electrical energy use by the HyPak RTU for dry and humid climates, respectively, when compared with a conventional unit.

  14. The ground state energy of a low density Bose gas: a second order upper bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laszlo Erdos; Benjamin Schlein; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2009-02-12

    Consider $N$ bosons in a finite box $\\Lambda= [0,L]^3\\subset \\bR^3$ interacting via a two-body nonnegative soft potential $V= \\lambda \\tilde V$ with $\\tilde V$ fixed and $\\lambda>0$ small. We will take the limit $L, N \\to \\infty$ by keeping the density $\\varrho= N/L^{3}$ fixed and small. We construct a variational state which gives an upper bound on the ground state energy per particle $\\e$ $$ \\e \\le 4\\pi\\varrho a \\Big [1+ \\frac{128}{15\\sqrt{\\pi}}(\\varrho a^3)^{1/2}S_\\lambda \\Big ] + O(\\varrho^2|\\log\\varrho|), \\quad {as $\\varrho\\to 0$} $$ with a constant satisfying $$ 1\\leq S_\\lambda \\leq 1+C\\lambda. $$ Here $a$ is the scattering length of $V$ and thus depends on $\\lambda$. In comparison, the prediction by Lee-Yang \\cite{LYang} and Lee-Huang-Yang \\cite{LHY} asserts that $S_\\lambda=1$ independent of $\\lambda$.

  15. HOOPER BAY HOUSING ANALYSIS AND ENERGY FEASIBILITY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEA LION CORPORATION; COLD CLIMATE HOUSING RESEARCH CENTER; SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTHY BREATHING; WHITNEY CONSTRUCTION

    2012-12-30

    Sea Lion applied for and received a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) towards this end titled â??Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Countryâ?. The initial objectives of the Hooper Bay Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study were to demonstrate a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the Tribe through: (1) partnering with Whitney Construction and Solutions for Healthy Breathing in the training and hire of 2 local energy assessors to conduct energy audits of 9 representative housing models and 2 commercial units in the community. These homes are representative of 52 homes constructed across different eras. (2) partnering with Cold Climate Housing Research Center to document current electrical and heating energy consumption and analyze data for a final feasibility report (3) assessing the economics of electricity & heating fuel usage; (4) projecting energy savings or fossil fuel reduction by modeling of improvement scenarios and cost feasibility The following two objectives will be completed after the publication of this report: (5) the development of materials lists for energy efficiency improvements (6) identifying financing options for the follow-up energy efficiency implementation phase.

  16. QCD PHASE TRANSITIONS-VOLUME 15.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCHAFER,T.

    1998-11-04

    The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some. efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

  17. QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.

    1999-03-20

    The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

  18. Archaeofaunal insights on pinniped-human interactions in the northeastern Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford-Gonzales, D; Newsome, S; Koch, P; Guilderson, T; Snodgrass, J; Burton, R

    2004-02-07

    Human exploitation of pinnipeds has considerable antiquity but shows increasing impacts on population numbers in the Holocene. Pinnipeds are a rich source of fat as well as protein. A few well-documented cases of regional extirpation of seals and sea lions by non-industrial peoples exist. The northeastern Pacific region, from southern California to Alaska, has yielded archaeological evidence for distributions and abundances of eared seals that differs markedly from historically documented biogeography. This is especially true of the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), among the most common pinnipeds in many archaeological sites from the Santa Barbara Channel area through to Kodiak Islands. This chapter reviews contemporary eared seal biogeography, evidence for the earlier timing and extent, of occurrence of northern fur seals along the northeastern Pacific coast, zooarchaeological and isotopic evidence for their foraging and probable maintenance of rookeries in lower latitudes, and for their disappearance from the southernmost part of their ancient distribution well before European contact. It also reviews ongoing debates over the behavioral ecology of ancient fur seals and over humans role in contributing to their disappearance.

  19. Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

    2008-11-30

    One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

  20. RHIC Polarized proton operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, H.; Ahrens, L.; Alekseev, I.G.; Aschenauer, E.; Atoian, G.; Bai, M.; Bazilevsky, A.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Brown, K.A.; Bruno, D.; Connolly, R.; Dion, A.; D'Ottavio, T.; Drees, K.A.; Fischer, W.; Gardner, C.; Glenn, J.W.; Gu, X.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Hoff, L.; Hulsart, R.L.; Laster, J.; Liu, C.; Luo, Y.; MacKay, W.W.; Makdisi, Y.; Marr, G.J.; Marusic, A.; Meot, F.; Mernick, K.; Michnoff, R,; Minty, M.; Montag, C.; Morris, J.; Nemesure, S.; Poblaguev, A.; Ptitsyn, V.; Ranjibar, V.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; Roser, T.; J.; Severino, F.; Schmidke, B.; Schoefer, V.; Severino, F.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K.; Steski, D.; Svirida, D.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.; Tsoupas, N.; Tuozzolo, J. Wang, G.; Wilinski, M.; Yip, K.; Zaltsman, A.; Zelenski, A.; Zeno, K.; Zhang, S.Y.

    2011-03-28

    The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) operation as the polarized proton collider presents unique challenges since both luminosity(L) and spin polarization(P) are important. With longitudinally polarized beams at the experiments, the figure of merit is LP{sup 4}. A lot of upgrades and modifications have been made since last polarized proton operation. A 9 MHz rf system is installed to improve longitudinal match at injection and to increase luminosity. The beam dump was upgraded to increase bunch intensity. A vertical survey of RHIC was performed before the run to get better magnet alignment. The orbit control is also improved this year. Additional efforts are put in to improve source polarization and AGS polarization transfer efficiency. To preserve polarization on the ramp, a new working point is chosen such that the vertical tune is near a third order resonance. The overview of the changes and the operation results are presented in this paper. Siberian snakes are essential tools to preserve polarization when accelerating polarized beams to higher energy. At the same time, the higher order resonances still can cause polarization loss. As seen in RHIC, the betatron tune has to be carefully set and maintained on the ramp and during the store to avoid polarization loss. In addition, the orbit control is also critical to preserve polarization. The higher polarization during this run comes from several improvements over last run. First we have a much better orbit on the ramp. The orbit feedback brings down the vertical rms orbit error to 0.1mm, much better than the 0.5mm last run. With correct BPM offset and vertical realignment, this rms orbit error is indeed small. Second, the jump quads in the AGS improved input polarization for RHIC. Third, the vertical tune was pushed further away from 7/10 snake resonance. The tune feedback maintained the tune at the desired value through the ramp. To calibrate the analyzing power of RHIC polarimeters at any energy above injection, the polarized hydrogen jet target runs for every fill with both beams. Based on the known analyzing power, there is very little polarization loss between injection and 100 GeV. An alternative way is to measure the asymmetry at 100 GeV followed by ramping up to 250 GeV and back down to 100 GeV and then to measure the asymmetry again at 100 GeV. If the asymmetry after the down ramp is similar to the measurement before the up ramp, polarization was also preserved during the ramp to 250 GeV. The analyzing power at storage energy can then be extracted from the asymmetries measured at 100 GeV and 250 GeV. The tune and orbit feedbacks are essential for the down ramp to be possible. The polarized proton operation is still going on. We will push bunch intensity higher until reaching the beam-beam limit. The even higher intensity will have to wait for the electron lenses to compensate the beam-beam effect. To understand the details of spin dynamics in RHIC with two snakes, spin simulation with the real magnet fields have been developed recently. The study will provide guidance for possible polarization loss schemes. Further polarization gain will requires a polarized source upgrade; more careful setup jump quads in the AGS to get full benefit; and control emittance in the whole accelerator chain.

  1. Estimation of Energy Savings Resulting From the BestPractices Program, Fiscal Year 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truett, LF

    2003-09-24

    Within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has a vision of a future with clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable energy. Within EERE, the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP), formerly the Office of Industrial Technologies, works in partnership with industry to increase energy efficiency, improve environmental performance, and boost productivity. The BestPractices (BP) Program, within ITP, works directly with industries to encourage energy efficiency. The purpose of the BP Program is to improve energy utilization and management practices in the industrial sector. The program targets distinct technology areas, including pumps, process heating, steam, compressed air, motors, and insulation. This targeting is accomplished with a variety of delivery channels, such as computer software, printed publications, Internet-based resources, technical training, technical assessments, and other technical assistance. A team of program evaluators from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was tasked to evaluate the fiscal year 2002 (FY02) energy savings of the program. The ORNL assessment enumerates levels of program activity for technology areas across delivery channels. In addition, several mechanisms that target multiple technology areas--e.g., Plant-wide Assessments (PWAs), the ''Energy Matters'' newsletter, and special events--are also evaluated for their impacts. When possible, the assessment relies on published reports and the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) database for estimates of energy savings that result from particular actions. Data were also provided by ORNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Project Performance Corporation (PPC), the ITP Clearinghouse at Washington State University, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Energetics Inc., and the Industrial Technologies Program Office. The estimated energy savings in FY02 resulting from activities of the BP Program are almost 81.9 trillion Btu (0.0819 Quad), which is about 0.25% of the 32.5 Quads of energy consumed during FY02 by the industrial sector in the United States. The technology area with the largest estimated savings is steam, with 32% of the total energy savings. The delivery mechanism with the largest savings is that of software systems distribution, encompassing 44% of the total savings. Training results in an energy savings of 33%. Energy savings from PWAs and PWA replications equal 10%. Sources of overestimation of energy savings might derive from (1) a possible overlap of energy savings resulting from separate events (delivery channels) occurring in conjunction with one another (e.g., a training event and CTA at the same plant), and (2) a possible issue with the use of the average CTA value to assess savings for training and software distribution. Any overestimation attributable to these sources probably is outweighed by underestimations caused by the exclusion of savings resulting from general awareness workshops, data not submitted to the ITP Tracking Database, omission of savings attributable to web downloads of publications, use of BP products by participants over multiple years, and the continued utilization of equipment installed or replaced in previous years. Next steps in improving these energy savings estimates include continuing to enhance the design of the ITP Tracking Database and to improve reporting of program activities for the distribution of products and services; obtaining more detailed information on implementation rates and savings estimates for software training, tools, and assessments; continuing attempts to quantify savings based on Qualified Specialist activities; defining a methodology for assessing savings based on web downloads of publications; establishing a protocol for evaluating savings from other BP-sponsored events and activities; and continuing to refine the estimation methodology and reduction factors.

  2. An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beshr, Mohamed; Aute, Vikrant; Abdelaziz, Omar; Fricke, Brian A; Radermacher, Reinhard

    2014-01-01

    Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

  3. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, C.; Puttagunta, S.

    2013-08-01

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring(tm), A.O. Smith Voltex(r), and Stiebel Eltron Accelera(r)300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

  4. Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

    2006-12-13

    This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

  5. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring, A.O. Smith Voltex, and Stiebel Eltron Accelera 300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

  6. Resolution enhancement of lung 4D-CT data using multiscale interphase iterative nonlocal means

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Yu [School of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China and Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Yap, Pew-Thian; Wu Guorong [Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Feng Qianjin; Chen Wufan [School of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515 (China); Lian Jun [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Shen Dinggang [Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Department of Brain and Cognitive Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    Purpose: Four-dimensional computer tomography (4D-CT) has been widely used in lung cancer radiotherapy due to its capability in providing important tumor motion information. However, the prolonged scanning duration required by 4D-CT causes considerable increase in radiation dose. To minimize the radiation-related health risk, radiation dose is often reduced at the expense of interslice spatial resolution. However, inadequate resolution in 4D-CT causes artifacts and increases uncertainty in tumor localization, which eventually results in extra damages of healthy tissues during radiotherapy. In this paper, the authors propose a novel postprocessing algorithm to enhance the resolution of lung 4D-CT data. Methods: The authors' premise is that anatomical information missing in one phase can be recovered from the complementary information embedded in other phases. The authors employ a patch-based mechanism to propagate information across phases for the reconstruction of intermediate slices in the longitudinal direction, where resolution is normally the lowest. Specifically, the structurally matching and spatially nearby patches are combined for reconstruction of each patch. For greater sensitivity to anatomical details, the authors employ a quad-tree technique to adaptively partition the image for more fine-grained refinement. The authors further devise an iterative strategy for significant enhancement of anatomical details. Results: The authors evaluated their algorithm using a publicly available lung data that consist of 10 4D-CT cases. The authors' algorithm gives very promising results with significantly enhanced image structures and much less artifacts. Quantitative analysis shows that the authors' algorithm increases peak signal-to-noise ratio by 3-4 dB and the structural similarity index by 3%-5% when compared with the standard interpolation-based algorithms. Conclusions: The authors have developed a new algorithm to improve the resolution of 4D-CT. It outperforms the conventional interpolation-based approaches by producing images with the markedly improved structural clarity and greatly reduced artifacts.

  7. Coal sector profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-05

    Coal is our largest domestic energy resource with recoverable reserves estimated at 268 billion short tons or 5.896 quads Btu equivalent. This is approximately 95 percent of US fossil energy resources. It is relatively inexpensive to mine, and on a per Btu basis it is generally much less costly to produce than other energy sources. Its chief drawbacks are the environmental, health and safety concerns that must be addressed in its production and consumption. Historically, coal has played a major role in US energy markets. Coal fueled the railroads, heated the homes, powered the factories. and provided the raw materials for steel-making. In 1920, coal supplied over three times the amount of energy of oil, gas, and hydro combined. From 1920 until the mid 1970s, coal production remained fairly constant at 400 to 600 million short tons a year. Rapid increases in overall energy demands, which began during and after World War II were mostly met by oil and gas. By the mid 1940s, coal represented only half of total energy consumption in the US. In fact, post-war coal production, which had risen in support of the war effort and the postwar Marshall plan, decreased approximately 25 percent between 1945 and 1960. Coal demand in the post-war era up until the 1970s was characterized by increasing coal use by the electric utilities but decreasing coal use in many other markets (e.g., rail transportation). The oil price shocks of the 1970s, combined with natural gas shortages and problems with nuclear power, returned coal to a position of prominence. The greatly expanded use of coal was seen as a key building block in US energy strategies of the 1970s. Coal production increased from 613 million short tons per year in 1970 to 950 million short tons in 1988, up over 50 percent.

  8. Decentalized solar photovoltaic energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krupka, M. C.

    1980-09-01

    Environmental data for decentralized solar photovoltaic systems have been generated in support of the Technology Assessment of Solar Energy Systems program (TASE). Emphasis has been placed upon the selection and use of a model residential photovoltaic system to develop and quantify the necessary data. The model consists of a reference home located in Phoenix, AZ, utilizing a unique solar cell array-roof shingle combination. Silicon solar cells, rated at 13.5% efficiency at 28/sup 0/C and 100 mW/cm/sup 2/ (AMI) insolation are used to generate approx. 10 kW (peak). An all-electric home is considered with lead-acid battery storage, dc-ac inversion and utility backup. The reference home is compared to others in regions of different insolation. Major material requirements, scaled to quad levels of end-use energy include significant quantities of silicon, copper, lead, antimony, sulfuric acid and plastics. Operating residuals generated are negligible with the exception of those from the storage battery due to a short (10-year) lifetime. A brief general discussion of other environmental, health, and safety and resource availability impacts is presented. It is suggested that solar cell materials production and fabrication may have the major environmental impact when comparing all facets of photovoltaic system usage. Fabrication of the various types of solar cell systems involves the need, handling, and transportation of many toxic and hazardous chemicals with attendant health and safety impacts. Increases in production of such materials as lead, antimony, sulfuric acid, copper, plastics, cadmium and gallium will be required should large scale usage of photovoltaic systems be implemented.

  9. The classical Taub-Nut System: factorization, spectrum generating algebra and solution to the equations of motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilo Latini; Orlando Ragnisco

    2015-01-02

    The formalism of SUSYQM (SUperSYmmetric Quantum Mechanics) is properly modified in such a way to be suitable for the description and the solution of a classical maximally superintegrable Hamiltonian System, the so-called Taub-Nut system, associated with the Hamiltonian: $$ \\mathcal{H}_\\eta ({\\mathbf{q}}, {\\mathbf{p}}) = \\mathcal{T}_\\eta ({\\mathbf{q}}, {\\mathbf{p}}) + \\mathcal{U}_\\eta({\\mathbf{q}}) = \\frac{|{\\mathbf{q}}| {\\mathbf{p}}^2}{2m(\\eta + |{\\mathbf{q}}|)} - \\frac{k}{\\eta + |{\\mathbf{q}}|} \\quad (k>0, \\eta>0) \\, .$$ In full agreement with the results recently derived by A. Ballesteros et al. for the quantum case, we show that the classical Taub-Nut system shares a number of essential features with the Kepler system, that is just its Euclidean version arising in the limit $\\eta \\to 0$, and for which a SUSYQM approach has been recently introduced by S. Kuru and J. Negro. In particular, for positive $\\eta$ and negative energy the motion is always periodic; it turns out that the period depends upon $ \\eta$ and goes to the Euclidean value as $\\eta \\to 0$. Moreover, the maximal superintegrability is preserved by the $\\eta$-deformation, due to the existence of a larger symmetry group related to an $\\eta$-deformed Runge-Lenz vector, which ensures that in $\\mathbb{R}^3$ closed orbits are again ellipses. In this context, a deformed version of the third Kepler's law is also recovered. The closing section is devoted to a discussion of the $\\eta<0$ case, where new and partly unexpected features arise.

  10. Development of High Efficacy, Low Cost Phosphorescent Oled Lightning Luminaire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Hack

    2010-07-09

    In this two year program, UDC together with Armstrong World Industries, Professor Stephen Forrest (University of Michigan) and Professor Mark Thompson (University of Southern California) planned to develop and deliver high efficiency OLED lighting luminaires as part of an integrated ceiling illumination system that exceed the Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 performance projections. Specifically the UDC team in 2010 delivered two prototype OLED ceiling illumination systems, each consisting of four individual OLED lighting panels on glass integrated into Armstrong's novel TechZone open architecture ceiling systems, at an overall system efficacy of 51 lm/W, a CRI = 85 and a projected lifetime to 70% of initial luminance to exceed 10,000 hours. This accomplishment represents a 50% increase in luminaire efficacy and a factor of two in lifetime over that outlined in the solicitation. In addition, the team has also delivered one 15cm x 15cm lighting panel fabricated on a flexible metal foil substrate, demonstrating the possibility using OLEDs in a range of form factors. During this program, our Team has pursued the commercialization of these OLED based ceiling luminaires, with a goal to launch commercial products within the next three years. We have proven that our team is ideally suited to develop these highly novel and efficient solid state lighting luminaires, having both the technical experience and commercial strategy to leverage work performed under this contract. Our calculations show that the success of our program could lead to energy savings of more than 0.5 quads or 8 MMTC (million metric tons of carbon) per year by 2016.

  11. Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesa, Matthew

    2009-02-13

    Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

  12. Boundary layers and incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit of the Boltzmann Equation in Bounded Domain (I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning Jiang; Nader Masmoudi

    2015-10-10

    We establish the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit for solutions to the Boltzmann equation with a general cut-off collision kernel in a bounded domain. Appropriately scaled families of DiPerna-Lions-(Mischler) renormalized solutions with Maxwell reflection boundary conditions are shown to have fluctuations that converge as the Knudsen number goes to zero. Every limit point is a weak solution to the Navier-Stokes-Fourier system with different types of boundary conditions depending on the ratio between the accommodation coefficient and the Knudsen number. The main new result of the paper is that this convergence is strong in the case of Dirichlet boundary condition. Indeed, we prove that the acoustic waves are damped immediately, namely they are damped in a boundary layer in time. This damping is due to the presence of viscous and kinetic boundary layers in space. As a consequence, we also justify the first correction to the infinitesimal Maxwellian that one obtains from the Chapman-Enskog expansion with Navier-Stokes scaling. This extends the work of Golse and Saint-Raymond \\cite{Go-Sai04, Go-Sai05} and Levermore and Masmoudi \\cite{LM} to the case of a bounded domain. The case of a bounded domain was considered by Masmoudi and Saint-Raymond \\cite{M-S} for linear Stokes-Fourier limit and Saint-Raymond \\cite{SRM} for Navier-Stokes limit for hard potential kernels. Both \\cite{M-S} and \\cite{SRM} didn't study the damping of the acoustic waves. This paper extends the result of \\cite{M-S} and \\cite{SRM} to the nonlinear case and includes soft potential kernels. More importantly, for the Dirichlet boundary condition, this work strengthens the convergence so as to make the boundary layer visible. This answers an open problem proposed by Ukai \\cite{Ukai}.

  13. Fuel cells for future transportation: The Department of Energy OTT/OUT partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patil, P.G.; Milliken, J.; Gronich, S.; Rossmeissl, N.; Ohi, J.

    1997-12-31

    The DOE Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) is currently engaged in the development and integration R and D activities which will make it possible to reduce oil imports, and move toward a sustainable transportation future. Within OTT, the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies is supporting development of highly efficient, low or zero emission fuel cell power systems as an alternative to internal combustion engines. The objectives of the program are: By 2000, develop and validate fuel cell stack system technologies that are greater than 51% energy efficient at 40 kW (maximum net power); more than 100 times cleaner than EPA Tier II emissions; and capable of operating on gasoline, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, and hydrogen gas or liquid. By 2004, develop and validate fuel cell power system technologies that meet vehicle requirements in terms of: cost--competitive with internal combustion engines; and performance, range, safety and reliability. The research, development, and validation of fuel cell technology is integrally linked to the Energy Policy Act (EPACT) and other major US policy objectives, such as the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Established in 1993, PNGV is a research and development initiative involving seven Federal agencies and the three US automobile manufacturers to strengthen US competitiveness. The PNGV will develop technologies for vehicles with a fuel efficiency of 80 miles per gallon, while maintaining such attributes as size, performance, safety, and cost. To help address the critical issue of fuel and fuel infrastructure development for advanced vehicles, the DOE Office of Utility Technologies (OUT) has directed the Hydrogen Program to provide national leadership in the research, development, and validation of advanced technologies to produce, store, and use hydrogen. An objective of the Program is to work in partnership with industry to advance hydrogen systems to the point where they are cost effective and integrated into the energy economy. This integration will enable the Program to reach its objectives of displacing 10 quads per year by 2030 in all end-use sectors, which will represent about a 10% penetration into the total US energy market.

  14. PILOT SCALE TESTING OF MONOSODIUM TITANATE MIXING FOR THE SRS SMALL COLUMN ION EXCHANGE PROCESS - 11224

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Restivo, M.; Williams, M.; Herman, D.; Steeper, T.

    2011-01-25

    The Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process is being developed to remove cesium, strontium, and select actinides from Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste using an existing waste tank (i.e., Tank 41H) to house the process. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) is conducting pilot-scale mixing tests to determine the pump requirements for suspending monosodium titanate (MST), crystalline silicotitanate (CST), and simulated sludge. The purpose of this pilot scale testing is to determine the requirements for the pumps to suspend the MST particles so that they can contact the strontium and actinides in the liquid and be removed from the tank. The pilot-scale tank is a 1/10.85 linear scaled model of SRS Tank 41H. The tank diameter, tank liquid level, pump nozzle diameter, pump elevation, and cooling coil diameter are all 1/10.85 of their dimensions in Tank 41H. The pump locations correspond to the proposed locations in Tank 41H by the SCIX program (Risers B5 and B2 for two pump configurations and Risers B5, B3, and B1 for three pump configurations). The conclusions from this work follow: (i) Neither two standard slurry pumps nor two quad volute slurry pumps will provide sufficient power to initially suspend MST in an SRS waste tank. (ii) Two Submersible Mixer Pumps (SMPs) will provide sufficient power to initially suspend MST in an SRS waste tank. However, the testing shows the required pump discharge velocity is close to the maximum discharge velocity of the pump (within 12%). (iii) Three SMPs will provide sufficient power to initially suspend MST in an SRS waste tank. The testing shows the required pump discharge velocity is 66% of the maximum discharge velocity of the pump. (iv) Three SMPs are needed to resuspend MST that has settled in a waste tank at nominal 45 C for four weeks. The testing shows the required pump discharge velocity is 77% of the maximum discharge velocity of the pump. Two SMPs are not sufficient to resuspend MST that settled under these conditions.

  15. Development of a Leave-in-Place Slab Edge Insulating Form System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marc Hoeschele; Eric Lee

    2009-08-31

    Concrete slabs represent the primary foundation type in residential buildings in the fast-growing markets throughout the southern and southwestern United States. Nearly 75% of the 2005 U.S. population growth occurred in these southern tier states. Virtually all of these homes have uninsulated slab perimeters that transfer a small, but steady, flow of heat from conditioned space to outdoors during the heating season. It is estimated that new home foundations constructed each year add 0.016 quads annually to U.S. national energy consumption; we project that roughly one quarter of this amount can be attributed to heat loss through the slab edge and the remaining three quarters to deep ground transfers, depending upon climate. With rising concern over national energy use and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions, it is becoming increasingly imperative that all cost-effective efforts to improve building energy efficiency be implemented. Unlike other building envelope components that have experienced efficiency improvements over the years, slab edge heat loss has largely been overlooked. From our vantage point, a marketable slab edge insulation system would offer significant benefits to homeowners, builders, and the society as a whole. Conventional slab forming involves the process of digging foundation trenches and setting forms prior to the concrete pour. Conventional wood form boards (usually 2 x 10's) are supported by vertical stakes on the outer form board surface, and by supporting 'kickers' driven diagonally from the top of the form board into soil outside the trench. Typically, 2 x 10's can be used only twice before they become waste material, contributing to an additional 400 pounds of construction waste per house. Removal of the form boards and stakes also requires a follow-up trip to the jobsite by the concrete subcontractor and handling (storage/disposal) of the used boards. In the rare cases where the slab is insulated (typically custom homes with radiant floor heating), the most practical insulation strategy is to secure rigid foam insulation, such as Dow Styrofoam{trademark}, to the inside of the wooden slab edge forms. An alternative is to clad insulation to the perimeter of the slab after the slab has been poured and cured. In either case, the foam must have a 'termite strip' that prevents termites from creating hidden tunnels through or behind the foam on their way to the wall framing above. Frequently this termite strip is a piece of sheet metal that must be fabricated for each project. The above-grade portion of the insulation also needs to be coated for appearance and to prevent damage from construction and UV degradation. All these steps add time, complexity, and expense to the insulating process.

  16. Assessment of PCMI Simulation Using the Multidimensional Multiphysics BISON Fuel Performance Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen R. Novascone; Jason D. Hales; Benjamin W. Spencer; Richard L. Williamson

    2012-09-01

    Since 2008, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing a next-generation nuclear fuel performance code called BISON. BISON is built using INL’s Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment, or MOOSE. MOOSE is a massively parallel, finite element-based framework to solve systems of coupled non-linear partial differential equations using the Jacobian-FreeNewton Krylov (JFNK) method. MOOSE supports the use of complex two- and three-dimensional meshes and uses implicit time integration, which is important for the widely varied time scales in nuclear fuel simulation. MOOSE’s object-oriented architecture minimizes the programming required to add new physics models. BISON has been applied to various nuclear fuel problems to assess the accuracy of its 2D and 3D capabilities. The benchmark results used in this assessment range from simulation results from other fuel performance codes to measurements from well-known and documented reactor experiments. An example of a well-documented experiment used in this assessment is the Third Risø Fission Gas Project, referred to as “Bump Test GE7”, which was performed on rod ZX115. This experiment was chosen because it allows for an evaluation of several aspects of the code, including fully coupled thermo-mechanics, contact, and several nonlinear material models. Bump Test GE7 consists of a base-irradiation period of a full-length rod in the Quad-Cities-1 BWR for nearly 7 years to a burnup of 4.17% FIMA. The base irradiation test is followed by a “bump test” of a sub-section of the original rod. The bump test takes place in the test reactor DR3 at Risø in a water-cooled HP1 rig under BWR conditions where the power level is increased by about 50% over base irradiation levels in the span of several hours. During base irradiation, the axial power profile is flat. During the bump test, the axial power profile changes so that the bottom half of the rod is at approximately 50% higher power than at the base irradiation level, while the power at the top of the rod is at about 20% of the base irradiation power level. 2D BISON simulations of the Bump Test GE7 were run using both discrete and smeared pellet geometry. Comparisons between these calculations and experimental measurements are presented for clad diameter and elongation after the base irradiation and clad profile along the length of the test section after the bump test. Preliminary comparisons between calculations and measurements are favorable, supporting the use of BISON as an accurate multiphysics fuel simulation tool.

  17. A hybrid approach for rapid, accurate, and direct kilovoltage radiation dose calculations in CT voxel space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kouznetsov, Alexei; Tambasco, Mauro

    2011-03-15

    Purpose: To develop and validate a fast and accurate method that uses computed tomography (CT) voxel data to estimate absorbed radiation dose at a point of interest (POI) or series of POIs from a kilovoltage (kV) imaging procedure. Methods: The authors developed an approach that computes absorbed radiation dose at a POI by numerically evaluating the linear Boltzmann transport equation (LBTE) using a combination of deterministic and Monte Carlo (MC) techniques. This hybrid approach accounts for material heterogeneity with a level of accuracy comparable to the general MC algorithms. Also, the dose at a POI is computed within seconds using the Intel Core i7 CPU 920 2.67 GHz quad core architecture, and the calculations are performed using CT voxel data, making it flexible and feasible for clinical applications. To validate the method, the authors constructed and acquired a CT scan of a heterogeneous block phantom consisting of a succession of slab densities: Tissue (1.29 cm), bone (2.42 cm), lung (4.84 cm), bone (1.37 cm), and tissue (4.84 cm). Using the hybrid transport method, the authors computed the absorbed doses at a set of points along the central axis and x direction of the phantom for an isotropic 125 kVp photon spectral point source located along the central axis 92.7 cm above the phantom surface. The accuracy of the results was compared to those computed with MCNP, which was cross-validated with EGSnrc, and served as the benchmark for validation. Results: The error in the depth dose ranged from -1.45% to +1.39% with a mean and standard deviation of -0.12% and 0.66%, respectively. The error in the x profile ranged from -1.3% to +0.9%, with standard deviations of -0.3% and 0.5%, respectively. The number of photons required to achieve these results was 1x10{sup 6}. Conclusions: The voxel-based hybrid method evaluates the LBTE rapidly and accurately to estimate the absorbed x-ray dose at any POI or series of POIs from a kV imaging procedure.

  18. The Potential for Energy-Efficient Technologies to Reduce Carbon Emissions in the United States: Transport Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.

    1997-07-01

    The world is searching for a meaningful answer to the likelihood that the continued build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will cause significant changes in the earth`s climate. If there is to be a solution, technology must play a central role. This paper presents the results of an assessment of the potential for cost-effective technological changes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the U.S. transportation sector by the year 2010. Other papers in this session address the same topic for buildings and industry. U.S.transportation energy use stood at 24.4 quadrillion Btu (Quads) in 1996, up 2 percent over 1995 (U.S. DOE/EIA, 1997, table 2.5). Transportation sector carbon dioxide emissions amounted to 457.2 million metric tons of carbon (MmtC) in 1995, almost one third of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions (U.S. DOE/EIA,1996a, p. 12). Transport`s energy use and CO{sub 2} emissions are growing, apparently at accelerating rates as energy efficiency improvements appear to be slowing to a halt. Cost-effective and nearly cost-effective technologies have enormous potential to slow and even reverse the growth of transport`s CO{sub 2} emissions, but technological changes will take time and are not likely to occur without significant, new public policy initiatives. Absent new initiatives, we project that CO{sub 2} emissions from transport are likely to grow to 616 MmtC by 2010, and 646 MmtC by 2015. An aggressive effort to develop and implement cost-effective technologies that are more efficient and fuels that are lower in carbon could reduce emissions by about 12% in 2010 and 18% in 2015, versus the business-as- usual projection. With substantial luck, leading to breakthroughs in key areas, reductions over the BAU case of 17% in 2010 and 25% in 2015,might be possible. In none of these case are CO{sub 2} emissions reduced to 1990 levels by 2015.

  19. Designing, selecting and installing a residential ground-source heat pump system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Patrick [ORNL; Liu, Xiaobing [ORNL; Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    It's a compelling proposition: Use the near-constant-temperature heat underground to heat and cool your home and heat domestic water, slashing your energy bills. Yet despite studies demonstrating significant energy savings from ground-source heat pump (GSHP) systems, their adoption has been hindered by high upfront costs. Fewer than 1% of US homes use a GSHP system. However, compared to a minimum-code-compliant conventional space-conditioning system, when properly designed and installed, a GSHP retrofit at current market prices offers simple payback of 4.3 years on national average, considering existing federal tax credits. Most people understand how air-source heat pumps work: they move heat from indoor air to outdoor air when cooling and from outdoor air to indoor air when heating. The ground-source heat pump operates on the same principle, except that it moves heat to or from the ground source instead of outdoor air. The ground source is usually a vertical or horiontal ground heat exchanger. Because the ground usually has a more favorable temperature than ambient air for the heating and cooling operation of the vapor-compression refrigeration cycle, GSHP sysems can operate with much higher energy efficiencies than air-source heat pump systems when properly designed and installed. A GSHP system used in a residual building typically provides space conditioning and hot water and comprises three major components: a water-source heat pump unit designed to operate at a wider range of entering fluid temperatures (typically from 30 F to 110 F, or 1 C to 43 C) than a conventional water-source heat pump unit; a ground heat exchanger (GHX); and distribution systems to deliver hot water to the storage tank and heating or cooling to the conditioned rooms. In most residual GSHP systems, the circulation pumps and associated valves are integrated with the heat pump to circulate the heat-carrier fluid (water or aqueous antifreeze solution) through the heat pump and the GHX. A recent assessment indicates that if 20% of US homes replaced their existing space-conditioning and water-heating systems with properly designed, installed and operated state-of-the-art GSHP systems, it would yield significant benefits each year. These include 0.8 quad British thermal units (Btu) of primary energy savings, 54.3 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} emission reductions, $10.4 billion in energy cost savings and 43.2 gigawatts of reduction in summer peak electrical demand.

  20. Inflation driven by q-de Sitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Setare; D. Momeni; V. Kamali; R. Myrzakulov

    2015-06-30

    We propose a generalised de Sitter scale factor for the cosmology of early and late time universe, including single scalar field is called as inflaton. This form of scale factor has a free parameter $q$ is called as nonextensivity parameter. When $q=1$, the scale factor is de Sitter. This scale factor is an intermediate form between power-law and de Sitter. We study cosmology of such families. We show that both kinds of dark components, dark energy and dark matter simultaneously are described by this family of solutions. As a motivated idea, we investigate inflation in the framework of $q$-de Sitter. We consider three types of scenarios for inflation. In a single inflation scenario, we observe that, inflation ended without any specific ending inflation $\\phi_{end}$, the spectral index and the associated running of the spectral index are %$ n_\\mathrm{s} - 1 \\sim -2\\epsilon, \\quad \\alpha_\\mathrm{s} \\equiv 0 $. To end the inflation: we should have $q=\\frac{3}{4}$. We deduce that the inflation ends when the evolution of the scale factor is $a (t) =e_ {3/4} (t) $. With this scale factor there is no need to specify $\\phi_{end}$. As an alternative to have inflation with ending point, We will study q-inflation model in the context of warm inflation. We propose two forms of damping term $\\Gamma$. In the first case when $\\Gamma=\\Gamma_0$, we show the scale invariant spectrum, (Harrison-Zeldovich spectrum, i.e. $n_s=1$) may be approximately presented by ($q=\\frac{9}{10},~~N=70$). Also there is a range of values of $R$ and $n_s$ which is compatible with the BICEP2 data where $q=\\frac{9}{10}$. In case $\\Gamma=\\Gamma_1V(\\phi)$, it is observed that small values of a number of e-folds are assured for small values of $q$ parameter. For $q=\\frac{9}{10}$ a range of values of $R$ and $n_s$ is compatible with the BICEP2 data.

  1. Final Report for Project DE-FC02-06ER25755 [Pmodels2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panda, Dhabaleswar; Sadayappan, P

    2014-03-12

    In this report, we describe the research accomplished by the OSU team under the Pmodels2 project. The team has worked on various angles: designing high performance MPI implementations on modern networking technologies (Mellanox InfiniBand (including the new ConnectX2 architecture and Quad Data Rate), QLogic InfiniPath, the emerging 10GigE/iWARP and RDMA over Converged Enhanced Ethernet (RoCE) and Obsidian IB-WAN), studying MPI scalability issues for multi-thousand node clusters using XRC transport, scalable job start-up, dynamic process management support, efficient one-sided communication, protocol offloading and designing scalable collective communication libraries for emerging multi-core architectures. New designs conforming to the Argonne’s Nemesis interface have also been carried out. All of these above solutions have been integrated into the open-source MVAPICH/MVAPICH2 software. This software is currently being used by more than 2,100 organizations worldwide (in 71 countries). As of January ’14, more than 200,000 downloads have taken place from the OSU Web site. In addition, many InfiniBand vendors, server vendors, system integrators and Linux distributors have been incorporating MVAPICH/MVAPICH2 into their software stacks and distributing it. Several InfiniBand systems using MVAPICH/MVAPICH2 have obtained positions in the TOP500 ranking of supercomputers in the world. The latest November ’13 ranking include the following systems: 7th ranked Stampede system at TACC with 462,462 cores; 11th ranked Tsubame 2.5 system at Tokyo Institute of Technology with 74,358 cores; 16th ranked Pleiades system at NASA with 81,920 cores; Work on PGAS models has proceeded on multiple directions. The Scioto framework, which supports taskparallelism in one-sided and global-view parallel programming, has been extended to allow multi-processor tasks that are executed by processor groups. A quantum Monte Carlo application is being ported onto the extended Scioto framework. A public release of Global Trees (GT) has been made, along with the Global Chunks (GC) framework on which GT is built. The Global Chunks (GC) layer is also being used as the basis for the development of a higher level Global Graphs (GG) layer. The Global Graphs (GG) system will provide a global address space view of distributed graph data structures on distributed memory systems.

  2. Infinitely many solutions of a quasilinear elliptic problem with an oscillatory potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omari, P.; Zanolin, F.

    1996-12-31

    Let {Omega} be a bounded domain in IR{sup N}, with N {ge} 1, having a smooth boundary {partial_derivative}{Omega}. We denote by A the quasilinear elliptic second order differential operator defined by Au+div(a({vert_bar}{del}{sub u}{vert_bar}{sup 2}){del}{sub u}). We suppose that the function a:[O,+{infinity}{r_arrow}O, +{infinity}] is of class C{sup 1} and satisfies the following ellipticity and growth conditions of Leray-Lions type (cf. e.g. [22]): there are constants {gamma}, {Lambda} > O, K {epsilon} [O,1] and p {epsilon}[1, +{infinity}]such that, for every s > O, {lambda}(K + S){sup p-2} {le} a(s{sup 2}){le}{Lambda} (K+S){sup p-2}({lambda}-1/2) a(s){le}a{prime}(s) s {le}{Gamma} a(s). Hence, we can define, for each s {ge} O, the function A(s) = {integral}{sub O}{sup s} a({xi})d{xi}. Let us consider the Dirichlet problem -Au={mu}(x)g(u) + h(x) in {Omega}, u=O on {partial_derivative}{Omega}, where g: IR {r_arrow} IR is continuous and {mu}, h {epsilon} L{sup {infinity}}({infinity}), with {mu}{sub O} = ess inf{sub {Omega}}{sub {mu}} > O. We also set G(s) = {integral}{sub O}{sup s}g({integral})d{integral}, for all s {epsilon} IR. By a solution of (1.3) we mean a function u {epsilon} W{sub O}{sup 1,p} ({Omega}) {intersection} L{sup {infinity}} ({Omega}) such that {integral}{sub {Omega}} a({vert_bar}{del}{sub u}{vert_bar}{sup 2}){del}{sub u}{del}{sub wdx}= {integral}{sub {Omega}} {mu}g(u)wdx + {integral}{sub {Omega}} hwdx, for every w {epsilon} W{sub O}{sup 1,p}({Omega}), where p is the exponent which appears in (1.1). The aim of this paper is to prove the existence of infinitely many solutions of problem (1.3) when the potential G(s) exhibits an oscillatory behaviour at infinity. 22 refs.

  3. ALARA Review of the Spallation Neutron Source Accumulator Ring and Transfer Lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haire, M.J.

    2003-06-30

    The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is designed to meet the growing need for new tools that will deepen our understanding in materials science, life science, chemistry, fundamental and nuclear physics, earth and environmental sciences, and engineering sciences. The SNS is an accelerator-based neutron-scattering facility that when operational will produce an average beam power of 2 MW at a repetition rate of 60 Hz. The accelerator complex consists of the front-end systems, which will include an ion source; a 1-GeV full-energy linear accelerator; a single accumulator ring and its transfer lines; and a liquid mercury target. This report documents an as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) review of the accumulator ring and transfer lines at their early design stage. An ALARA working group was formed and conducted a review of the SNS ring and transfer lines at the {approx}25% complete design stage to help ensure that ALARA principles are being incorporated into the design. The radiological aspects of the SNS design criteria were reviewed against regulatory requirements and ALARA principles. Proposed features and measures were then reviewed against the SNS design criteria. As part of the overall review, the working group reviewed the design manual; design drawings and process and instrumentation diagrams; the environment, safety, and health manual; and other related reports and literature. The group also talked with SNS design engineers to obtain explanations of pertinent subject matter. The ALARA group found that ALARA principles are indeed being incorporated into the early design stage. Radiation fields have been characterized, and shielding calculations have been performed. Radiological issues are being adequately addressed with regard to equipment selection, access control, confinement structure and ventilation, and contamination control. Radiation monitoring instrumentation for worker and environment protection are also being considered--a good practice at this early design stage. The ring and transfer lines are being designed for hands-on maintenance. The SNS beam loss criteria, which determine radiation dose design, are a factor of {approx}30 lower than the lowest that has been achieved at any existing proton synchrotron and accumulator rings. This demonstrates that ALARA considerations are an important part of SNS design. A noteworthy example of the ALARA principal being incorporated into the SNS is the hybrid ring lattice design recently approved by the SNS change control process. The new lattice design increases calculated acceptance by about 50% and improves the expected collimator efficiency from 80 to 95%. As a result, the expected calculated beam loss rate, and resulting radiation dose rates, are significantly improved. Another major design change with ALARA implications was the change from an alpha to an omega configuration for the high-energy beam transport (HEBT) system, ring, and ring-to-target beam transport (RTBT) system. Because of this change, the ring and transfer lines will have crane coverage, eliminating the need for personnel to be near activated equipment for repair and removal. By using the crane, extensive shielding can be placed around highly radioactive equipment (e.g., collimators), and the equipment can be moved by remote control. As part of the change from an alpha to omega configuration, the tunnel width was increased by 2 ft. This increased width will allow easier access to failed equipment, reducing radiation exposure time to workers during maintenance and repair. In addition, a personnel entrance was added to the ring between the HEBT and RTBT so that personnel will not have to enter this area directly through the HEBT or RTBT. This addition will shorten the travel distance, and therefore the time, that personnel performing maintenance work on radioactive equipment will need to be in the area, reducing potential dose. In the RTBT beam line, a hatchway will be placed above the collimators and quad doublet magnets near the target to facilitate their removal. This design was chosen in lieu

  4. Combined Heat and Power: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shipley, Ms. Anna [Sentech, Inc.; Hampson, Anne [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., an ICF Company; Hedman, Mr. Bruce [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., an ICF Company; Garland, Patricia W [ORNL; Bautista, Paul [Sentech, Inc.

    2008-12-01

    Combined Heat and Power (CHP) solutions represent a proven and effective near-term energy option to help the United States enhance energy efficiency, ensure environmental quality, promote economic growth, and foster a robust energy infrastructure. Using CHP today, the United States already avoids more than 1.9 Quadrillion British thermal units (Quads) of fuel consumption and 248 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions annually compared to traditional separate production of electricity and thermal energy. This CO{sub 2} reduction is the equivalent of removing more than 45 million cars from the road. In addition, CHP is one of the few options in the portfolio of energy alternatives that combines environmental effectiveness with economic viability and improved competitiveness. This report describes in detail the four key areas where CHP has proven its effectiveness and holds promise for the future as an: (1) Environmental Solution: Significantly reducing CO{sub 2} emissions through greater energy efficiency; (2) Competitive Business Solution: Increasing efficiency, reducing business costs, and creating green-collar jobs; (3) Local Energy Solution: Deployable throughout the US; and (4) Infrastructure Modernization Solution: Relieving grid congestion and improving energy security. CHP should be one of the first technologies deployed for near-term carbon reductions. The cost-effectiveness and near-term viability of widespread CHP deployment place the technology at the forefront of practical alternative energy solutions such as wind, solar, clean coal, biofuels, and nuclear power. Clear synergies exist between CHP and most other technologies that dominate the energy and environmental policy dialogue in the country today. As the Nation transforms how it produces, transports, and uses the many forms of energy, it must seize the clear opportunity afforded by CHP in terms of climate change, economic competitiveness, energy security, and infrastructure modernization. The energy efficiency benefits of CHP offer significant, realistic solutions to near- and long-term energy issues facing the Nation. With growing demand for energy, tight supply options, and increasing environmental constraints, extracting the maximum output from primary fuel sources through efficiency is critical to sustained economic development and environmental stewardship. Investment in CHP would stimulate the creation of new 'green-collar' jobs, modernize aging energy infrastructure, and protect and enhance the competitiveness of US manufacturing industries. The complementary roles of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and responsible use of traditional energy supplies must be recognized. CHP's proven performance and potential for wider use are evidence of its near-term applicability and, with technological improvements and further elimination of market barriers, of its longer term promise to address the country's most important energy and environmental needs. A strategic approach is needed to encourage CHP where it can be applied today and address the regulatory and technical challenges preventing its long-term viability. Experience in the United States and other countries shows that a balanced set of policies, incentives, business models, and investments can stimulate sustained CHP growth and allow all stakeholders to reap its many well-documented benefits.

  5. Enhancement of Heat and Mass Transfer in Mechanically Contstrained Ultra Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Drost; Jim Liburdy; Brian Paul; Richard Peterson

    2005-01-01

    Oregon State University (OSU) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy to conduct research focused on resolving the key technical issues that limited the deployment of efficient and extremely compact microtechnology based heat actuated absorption heat pumps and gas absorbers. Success in demonstrating these technologies will reduce the main barriers to the deployment of a technology that can significantly reduce energy consumption in the building, automotive and industrial sectors while providing a technology that can improve our ability to sequester CO{sub 2}. The proposed research cost $939,477. $539,477 of the proposed amount funded research conducted at OSU while the balance ($400,000) was used at PNNL. The project lasted 42 months and started in April 2001. Recent developments at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oregon State University suggest that the performance of absorption and desorption systems can be significantly enhanced by the use of an ultra-thin film gas/liquid contactor. This device employs microtechnology-based structures to mechanically constrain the gas/liquid interface. This technology can be used to form very thin liquid films with a film thickness less then 100 microns while still allowing gas/liquid contact. When the resistance to mass transfer in gas desorption and absorption is dominated by diffusion in the liquid phase the use of extremely thin films (<100 microns) for desorption and absorption can radically reduce the size of a gas desorber or absorber. The development of compact absorbers and desorbers enables the deployment of small heat-actuated absorption heat pumps for distributed space heating and cooling applications, heat-actuated automotive air conditioning, manportable cooling, gas absorption units for the chemical process industry and the development of high capacity CO{sub 2} absorption devices for CO{sub 2} collection and sequestration. The energy potential energy savings associated with these technologies is estimated to ultimately be 2.88 quads per year. It has become clear that commercial application of these technologies depends on a deeper understanding of the thermal phenomena encountered in a mechanically constrained ultra-thin film device. Our lack of understanding is currently limiting both the performance of these devices and the potential for further size reductions. Barriers to successful commercial applications of the mechanically-constrained ultra-thin film contactors include poorly understood single and two phase flow phenomena in the thin film, the need for improved micromachined contactors and a poor understanding of the phenomena effecting the dimensional stability of the thin film. The research included in this proposal is focused on research associated with resolving and removing these technical barriers to commercialization. The results of the research will significantly advance the prospects for the commercialization of the whole range to technologies that depend on improved gas/liquid contacting.

  6. Probing the Quark Sea and Gluons: the Electron-Ion Collider Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rolf Ent

    2012-04-01

    EIC is the generic name for the nuclear science-driven Electron-Ion Collider presently considered in the US. Such an EIC would be the world’s first polarized electron-proton collider, and the world’s first e-A collider. Very little remains known about the dynamical basis of the structure of hadrons and nuclei in terms of the fundamental quarks and gluons of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). A large community effort to sharpen a compelling nuclear science case for an EIC occurred during a ten-week program taking place at the Institute for Nuclear Theory (INT) in Seattle from September 13 to November 19, 2010. The critical capabilities of a stage-I EIC are a range in center-of-mass energies from 20 to 70 GeV and variable, full polarization of electrons and light ions (the latter both longitudinal and transverse), ion species up to A=200 or so, multiple interaction regions, and a high luminosity of about 10{sup 34} electron-nucleons per cm{sup 2} and per second. The physics program of such a stage-I EIC encompass inclusive measurements (ep/A{yields}e'+X), which require detection of the scattered lepon and/or the full scattered hadronic debris with high precision, semi-inclusive processes (ep/A{yields}e'+h+X), which require detection in coincidence with the scattered lepton of at least one (current or target region) hadron; and exclusive processes (ep/A{yields}e'+N'/A'+{gamma}/m), which require detection of all particles in the reaction. The main science themes of an EIC are to i) map the spin and spatial structure of quarks and gluons in nucleons, ii) discover the collective effects of gluons in atomic nuclei, and (iii) understand the emergence of hadronic matter from color charge. In addition, there are opportunities at an EIC for fundamental symmetry and nucleon structure measurements using the electroweak probe. To truly make headway to image the sea quarks and gluons in nucleons and nuclei, the EIC needs high luminosity over a range of energies as more exclusive scattering probabilities are small, and any integrated detector/interaction region design needs to provide uniform coverage to detect spectator and diffractive products. This is because e-p and even more e-A colliders have a large fraction of their science related to what happens to the nucleon or ion beams. As a result, the philosophy of integration of complex detectors into an extended interaction region faces challenging constraints. Designs feature crossing angles between the protons or heavy ions during collisions with electrons, to remove potential problems for the detector induced by synchrotron radiation. Designs allocate quite some detector space before the final-focus ion quads, at the cost of luminosity, given that uniform detection coverage is a must for deep exclusive and diffractive processes. The integrated EIC detector/interaction region design at JLab focused on establishing full acceptance for such processes over a wide range of proton energies (20-100 GeV) with well achievable interaction region magnets. The detector design at BNL uses the higher ion beam energies to achieve good detection efficiency for instance for protons following a DVCS reaction, for proton beam energies starting from 100 GeV. Following a recommendation of the 2007 US Nuclear Science Long-Range Planning effort, the DOE Office of Nuclear Physics (DOE/NP) has allocated accelerator R&D funds to lay the foundation for a polarized EIC. BNL, in association with JLab and DOE/NP, has also established a generic detector R&D program to address the scientific requirements for measurements at a future EIC.

  7. Instrumentation and Equipment for Three Independent Research Labs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darlene Roth

    2012-03-29

    Completed in 2011, Albright's new Science Center includes three independent student and faculty research labs in Biology, Chemistry/Biochemistry, and Physics (separate from teaching labs). Providing independent research facilities, they eliminate disruptions in classrooms and teaching labs, encourage and accommodate increased student interest, and stimulate advanced research. The DOE grant of $369,943 enabled Albright to equip these advanced labs for 21st century science research, with much instrumentation shared among departments. The specialty labs will enable Albright to expand its student-faculty research program to meet growing interest, help attract superior science students, maximize faculty expertise, and continue exceeding its already high rates of acceptance for students applying for postgraduate education or pharmaceutical research positions. Biology instrumentation/equipment supports coursework and independent and collaborative research by students and faculty. The digital shaker, CO{sub 2} and water bath incubators (for controlled cell growth), balance, and micropipettes support cellular biology research in the advanced cell biology course and student-faculty research into heavy metal induction of heat shock proteins in cultured mammalian cells and the development of PCR markers from different populations of the native tree, Franklinia. The gravity convection oven and lyophilizer support research into physical and chemical analysis of floodplain sediments used in assessment of riparian restoration efforts. The Bio-Rad thermocycler permits fast and accurate DNA amplification as part of research into genetic diversity in small mammal populations and how those populations are affected by land-use practices and environmental management. The Millipore water deionizing system and glassware washer provide general support of the independent research lab and ensure quality control of coursework and interdisciplinary research at the intersection of biology, chemistry, and toxicology. Grant purchases support faculty and students working in the areas of plant cellular biology, landscape ecology and wildlife management, wetland restoration, and ecotoxicology of aquatic invertebrates. Chemistry/BioChemistry instrumentation supports a wide range of research and teaching needs. The Dell quad core Xeon processors and Gaussian 09 support computational research efforts of two of our faculty. The computational work of one of these groups is part of close collaboration with one organic chemist and provides support info for the synthetic work of this professor and his students. Computational chemistry studies were also introduced into the physical chemistry laboratory course for junior chemistry concentrators. The AKTA plus system and superdex columns, Thermoscientific Sorvall RC-6 plus superspeed centrifuge, Nanodrop spectrometer, Eppendorf microfuge, Homogenizer and Pipetman pipetters were incorporated into a research project involving purification and characterization of a construct of beta 2-microglobulin by one of our biochemists. The vacuum system (glove box, stand, and pump) makes a significant contribution to the research of our inorganic chemist, the newest department member, working on research projects with four students. The glove box provides the means to carry out their synthetic work in an oxygenless atmosphere. Supporting basic research pursued by faculty and students, the remaining items (refrigerator/freezer units for flammable storage, freezer, refrigerated water bath, rotary evaporator system, vacuum oven, analytical and top-loading balances) were distributed between our biochemistry and chemistry research labs. The Nanodrop spectrometer, Sorvall centrifuge, and rotary evaporator system are used in several junior/senior lab courses in both biochemistry and chemistry. To date, 14 undergraduate research students have been involved in projects using the new instrumentation and equipment provided by this grant. Physics equipment acquired is radically transforming Albright research and teaching capabilities. The tw

  8. Beam Line Design and Beam Physics Study of Energy Recovery Linac Free Electron Laser at Peking University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guimei Wang

    2011-12-31

    Energy recovering linac (ERL) offers an attractive alternative for generating intense beams of charged particles by approaching the operational efficiency of a storage ring while maintaining the superior beam quality typical of a linear accelerator. In ERLs, the decelerated beam cancels the beam loading effects of the accelerated beam with high repetition rate. Therefore, ERLs can, in principle, accelerate very high average currents with only modest amounts of RF power. So the efficiency of RF power to beam is much higher. Furthermore, the energy of beam to dump is lower, so it will reduce dump radiation. With the successful experiments in large maximum-to-injection energy ratio up to 51:1 and high power FEL up to 14kW, the use of ERL, especially combining with superconducting RF technology, provides a potentially powerful new paradigm for generation of the charged particle beams used in MW FEL, synchrotron radiation sources, high-energy electron cooling devices and so on. The 3+1/2 DC-SC photo injector and two 9cell TESLA superconducting cavity for IR SASE FEL in PKU provides a good platform to achieve high average FEL with Energy Recovery. The work of this thesis is on Beam line design and Beam dynamics study of Energy Recovery Linac Free Electron Laser for Peking University. It is the upgrade of PKU facility, which is under construction. With ERL, this facility can work in CW mode, so it can operate high average beam current without RF power constraint in main linac and generate high average FEL power. Moreover, it provides a test facility to study the key technology in ERL. System parameters are optimized for PKU ERL-FEL. The oscillation FEL output power is studied with different bunch charge, transverse emittance, bunch length and energy spread. The theory of optimal RF power and Q{sub ext} with ERL and without ERL is analyzed and applied to PKU injector and linac including microphonic effect. pace charge effect in the injector and merger is studied for beam energy at ~5MeV. Simulation shows that in the 3+1/2 DC- C injector, there is a region the beam could be over focused by RF electromagnetic field and the transverse emittance in the transport line up to linac will increase instantly due to over focusing. In order to eliminate this effect on beam emittance, several solutions are investigated to avoid over focusing. This result is very important for beam loading experiment for low bunch charge operation. Meanwhile, different merger structures are compared in terms of error sensitivity and emittance increase with space charge effect. In recirculation beam line, a new symmetric 180{degree} arc structure is designed. It fulfills the achromatic condition and adjustable bunch compression. These two parameters are controlled by different Quads knob. With this novel structure, the recirculation lattice can achieve path length adjustment, bunch compression and decompression in a large range. With beamline error, the beam central orbit will deviate from the designed trajectory. An orbit correction system is optimized, which balances between cost and performance of orbit after correction at design level. Different methods are used to estimate its robustness. The BBU instability, especially multi-pass BBU imposed a potentially severe limitation to the average current that can be accelerated in an ERL. Simulation gives the harmful HOMs and predicts that the threshold average current in this machine is much higher than the possible operation current. This work is based on the existing facility in PKU, so it provides guidelines for the facility operation and upgrade in the future. The theoretical analysis of ERL requirement and FEL requirement on beam transport line and beam property paves the way for future ERL research.

  9. Mechanical Properties of Gels; Stress from Confined Fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George W. Scherer

    2009-12-01

    Abstract for Grant DE-FG02-97ER45642 Period: 1997-2002 Mechanical Properties of Gels 2002-2008 Stress from Confined Fluids Principal investigator: Prof. George W. Scherer Dept. Civil & Env. Eng./PRISM Eng. Quad. E-319 Princeton, NJ 08544 USA Recipient organization: Trustees of Princeton University 4 New South Princeton, NJ 08544 USA Abstract: The initial stage of this project, entitled Mechanical Properties of Gels, was dedicated to characterizing and explaining the properties of inorganic gels. Such materials, made by sol-gel processing, are of interest for fabrication of films, fibers, optical devices, advanced insulation and other uses. However, their poor mechanical properties are an impediment in some applications, so understanding the origin of these properties could lead to enhanced performance. Novel experimental methods were developed and applied to measure the stiffness and permeability of gels and aerogels. Numerical simulations were developed to reproduce the growth process of the gels, resulting in structures whose mechanical properties matched the measurements. The models showed that the gels are formed by the growth of relatively robust clusters of molecules that are joined by tenuous links whose compliance compromises the stiffness of the structure. Therefore, synthetic methods that enhance the links could significantly increase the rigidity of such gels. The next stage of the project focused on Stress from Confined Fluids. The first problem of interest was the enhanced thermal expansion coefficient of water that we measured in the nanometric pores of cement paste. This could have a deleterious effect on the resistance of concrete to rapid heating in fires, because the excessive thermal expansion of water in the pores of the concrete could lead to spalling and collapse. A series of experiments demonstrated that the expansion of water increases as the pore size decreases. To explain this behavior, we undertook a collaboration with Prof. Stephen Garofalini (Rutgers), who has developed the best simulations of water ever reported by use of molecular dynamics. Simulated heating of water in small pores provided quantitative agreement with experiments, and showed that the origin of the high expansion is the altered structure of water in the first two molecular layers adjacent to the pore wall. The final focus of the project was to understand the damage done by crystals growing in small pores. For example, the primary cause of damage to ancient monuments in the Mediterranean Basin is growth of salt crystals in the pores of the stone. Salt may enter stone as a result of capillary rise of groundwater, by leaching of mortar joints, deposition of marine spray, or reactions with atmospheric pollutants (such as oxides of nitrogen or sulfur). As the water evaporates, the salt solution becomes supersaturated and crystals precipitate. Stress results, because the salt usually repels the minerals in the pore walls. Our goal was to identify the factors contributing to the repulsion, so that we could develop a chemical treatment to reduce the repulsion and hence the stress. (We have recently demonstrated an effective treatment as part of a separately funded study.) In collaboration with Prof. Garofalini, molecular dynamics simulations have been done that correctly reproduce the structure of water around dissolved ions of sodium and chloride. We simulated the interaction between crystals of sodium chloride and quartz, and found that this particular system exhibits attractive forces, in agreement with experiment. The origin of the attraction is the orientation of dipolar water molecules near the surfaces of the crystals. Similar calculations now must be done in systems, such as potassium chloride and quartz, where the interaction is repulsive. This grant supported the education of two doctoral students, Hang-Shing Ma (Ph.D., 2002) and Melanie Webb (Ph.D. expected 2010), three post-doctoral researchers, Joachim Gross, Gudrun Reichenauer, and Shuangyan (Sonia) Xu, and five undergraduates (for senior theses or independent projects

  10. Office of River Protection (ORP) Mission Completion Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WIEGMAN, S.A.

    2002-02-24

    DOE's Office of River Protection (ORP) is readying itself to commence construction of a Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) that will start the process of turning Hanford tank waste into glass. The plant is state-of-the art and includes reasonable flexibility to improve operations as technology and operational understandings improve. During its 40 year design life the plant has the capability to treat half of the total volume of tank waste and reduce risk to the public by up to ninety percent. Looking beyond initial processing towards the project end state, however, it is apparent that ORP's baseline approach is part of the issue raised by the DOE Secretary when he said that $300 billion and 75 years is too costly and too long for DOE's environmental cleanups. ORP has reviewed its cost and schedule drivers and has started identifying areas where better technologies and risk-based strategies could substantially decrease its life cycle cost and schedule. Specific technologies under consideration will be discussed along with expected return on investment. ORP is totally committed to taking all steps necessary during cleanup to protect human health and the environment and to comply with appropriate regulations and commitments. But, ORP is also very conscious of the fact that the history of Hanford production and tank farm operations has resulted in very large tank-to-tank variabilities in the waste constituents. Not all tank wastes demand the same high level of rigor in treatment as provided by the WTP in order to protect people and the environment. Parallel treatment paths, keyed to the hazards and chemical challenges each tank presents, need to be developed. The WTP vitrification capabilities should be deployed for the higher risk wastes that require vitrification. By getting wastes in the proper paths for treatment based upon their chemical characteristics and inherent risks, ORP will be able to both accelerate the cleanup schedule and bring its life cycle and annual funding requirements into line. The WTP needs to be managed and its throughput enhanced to vitrify all of the HLW and approximately 50% of the low-level tank waste by about 2030. That represents the lion's share of the current and long-term risk presented by the tanks. For much of the low activity waste currently in the tanks, parallel treatment technologies are required that protect people and the environment but require less time and less cost than the total vitrification option presents. Any such technologies that ORP deploys must have sound, defensible bases with the prerequisite QA pedigrees. Providing parallel paths for lower risk wastes will allow ORP to avoid the 20-30 year treatment schedule that lower risk tanks would otherwise face. Potential parallel paths will be described. ORP also needs to deploy and test technologies to demonstrate that its tank farms can be successfully closed. Starting such a demonstration during the period while the plant is under construction will allow ORP to start developing critical data that it will need for permanent closures at a later date. It will take many years of testing such demonstration activities and monitoring to develop confidence in tank closure approaches. If ORP starts such an effort, practicing on smaller, more benign tanks, it will reap significant institutional benefits in the near-term and have far better information when it is ready to start to close entire tank farms in the future.

  11. Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-01-31

    The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of