Sample records for quad ril lion

  1. Charge line quad pulser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Booth, R.

    1996-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A quartet of parallel coupled planar triodes is removably mounted in a quadrahedron shaped PCB structure. Releasable brackets and flexible means attached to each triode socket make triode cathode and grid contact with respective conductive coatings on the PCB and a detachable cylindrical conductive element enclosing and contacting the triode anodes jointly permit quick and easy replacement of faulty triodes. By such orientation, the quad pulser can convert a relatively low and broad pulse into a very high and narrow pulse. 16 figs.

  2. Charge line quad pulser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quartet of parallel coupled planar triodes is removably mounted in a quadrahedron shaped PCB structure. Releasable brackets and flexible means attached to each triode socket make triode cathode and grid contact with respective conductive coatings on the PCB and a detachable cylindrical conductive element enclosing and contacting the triode anodes jointly permit quick and easy replacement of faulty triodes. By such orientation, the quad pulser can convert a relatively low and broad pulse into a very high and narrow pulse.

  3. Food Consumption by Sea Lions: Existing Data and Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri), South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens), and Steller sea lion, and the integration of data across scales and species. Our modeling exercise, in particular, identified the major

  4. Carroll P. Quade Deputy for Test and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll P. Quade Deputy for Test and Evaluation Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research&E) for the Department of Navy. In this position, he acts as the senior advisor on all T&E matters to ASN RDA and the Chief of Navy Operations via the Director, Navy Test and Evaluation and Technology Requirements, OPNAV N

  5. The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The "FISH" Quad Hand Sensor Physics and Media Group MIT Media Laboratory 20 Ames Street E15 OF CONTENTS ----------------- 1. ASCII SERIAL FISH PROTOCAL 2. HOW TO MAKE FISH ANTENNA 3. CALIBRATION SOFTWARE INSTALLATION 4. HOW TO CALIBRATE A FISH 5. COMPONENT PLACEMENT 6. SCHEMATICS 7. PARTS LIST HOW

  6. Understanding shallow gas occurrences in the Gulf of Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    western Gulf of Lion). Mar Petrol Geol 22(6-7): 805-826 Geo-of climatic cycles. Mar Petrol Geol 22(6-7): 775-804 Geo-MarGulf of Lion, France. Mar Petrol Geol 15: 439-452 Raimbault

  7. Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel cell system and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liso, Vincenzo

    Performance of hybrid quad generation system consisting of solid oxide fuel cell system. Keywords: Energy system modeling, Solid oxide fuel cell, Absorption heat pump. 1. Introduction 1

  8. Performance of an MPI-only semiconductor device simulator on a quad socket/quad core InfiniBand platform.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shadid, John Nicolas; Lin, Paul Tinphone

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This preliminary study considers the scaling and performance of a finite element (FE) semiconductor device simulator on a capacity cluster with 272 compute nodes based on a homogeneous multicore node architecture utilizing 16 cores. The inter-node communication backbone for this Tri-Lab Linux Capacity Cluster (TLCC) machine is comprised of an InfiniBand interconnect. The nonuniform memory access (NUMA) nodes consist of 2.2 GHz quad socket/quad core AMD Opteron processors. The performance results for this study are obtained with a FE semiconductor device simulation code (Charon) that is based on a fully-coupled Newton-Krylov solver with domain decomposition and multilevel preconditioners. Scaling and multicore performance results are presented for large-scale problems of 100+ million unknowns on up to 4096 cores. A parallel scaling comparison is also presented with the Cray XT3/4 Red Storm capability platform. The results indicate that an MPI-only programming model for utilizing the multicore nodes is reasonably efficient on all 16 cores per compute node. However, the results also indicated that the multilevel preconditioner, which is critical for large-scale capability type simulations, scales better on the Red Storm machine than the TLCC machine.

  9. Thermoregulation in Steller sea lions: an experimental approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, Kate

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The overall objective of this study was to quantify heat flow in Steller sea lions under controlled conditions at various water temperatures, flow speeds, and for stationary versus foraging animals. Heat flux and skin temperature data were collected from seven...

  10. african lions panthera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: minerals in the Lion Mountain member may be attributed to intensive erosion of the source area...

  11. african lion panthera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: minerals in the Lion Mountain member may be attributed to intensive erosion of the source area...

  12. australian sea lion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Observational and experimental studies of seals, sea lions, and walruses reveal elements of vocal, they rest, give birth, and care for their young while hauled out on land or...

  13. Shallow gas off the Rhone prodelta, Gulf of Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Lions, France). Mar. Petrol. Geol. 21, 1181-1203. Løseth,fractured cap rock. Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. , Abstracts withclimatic years. Mar. Petrol. Geol. 22, 775-804. Radakovitch,

  14. An embedded controller for quad-rotor flying robots running distributed algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian, Brian John

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple collaborating quad-rotor flying robots are useful in a broad range of applications, from surveillance with onboard cameras to reconfiguration of wireless networks. For these applications, it is often advantageous ...

  15. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the training process to control for any preferences. Theseprocess generally involved the presentation of the novel items to each sea lion while under control

  16. Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierotti, Raymond

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific.

  17. DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a , Peter S. Ross b Islands Ecuador DDT p,p0 -DDE Health risk a b s t r a c t We characterize for the first time the presence of DDT and its metabolites in tropical Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wolleabeki). P DDT concentrations

  18. HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS COLUMBIA 0Jan M. Mcl'hee, 2001 #12;ABSTRACT The potential use of heart rate to monitor energy expenditure a relationship exists between heart rate @I) and oxygen consumption ( ~ 0 ~ )in captive sea lions while swimming

  19. Metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoopes, Lisa Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -classes, declines in prey resources would be particularly detrimental to survival. The goal of the present study was to examine the metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile Steller sea lions to better understand how changing prey resources indirectly...

  20. Characterizing the winter movements and diving behavior of subadult Steller sea lions (eumetopias jubatus) in the north-central Gulf of Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Holly Beth

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies indicate a 70% decrease in the Alaskan Steller sea lion (SSL) population (ca. 5% per year) since the early 1980's. In accordance with a 1997 status classification of the Western Steller sea lion (WSSL) stock as endangered...

  1. USING QUAD-POL AND SINGLE-POL RADARSAT-2 DATA FOR MONITORING ALPINE AND OUTLET ANTARCTIC GLACIERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    USING QUAD-POL AND SINGLE-POL RADARSAT-2 DATA FOR MONITORING ALPINE AND OUTLET ANTARCTIC GLACIERS and antarctic glaciers surfaces. This method is adapted to the statistical characteristic of the new High of this method on glaciers monitoring. Three different glaciers have been chosen to test the algorithm: a cold

  2. Quade, J., Levin, N.E., Simpson, S.W., Butler, R., McIntosh, W.C., Semaw, S., Kleinsasser, L., Dupont-Nivet, G., Renne, P., and Dunbar, N., 2008, The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia, in Quade, J., and Wynn, J.G., eds., The Geology of Early Humans in the H

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ., Dupont-Nivet, G., Renne, P., and Dunbar, N., 2008, The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia, in Quade, J Paper 446 2008 The geology of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia Jay Quade Department of Geosciences, University- central Ethiopia span most of the last ~6.4 m.y. and are among the longest and most complete

  3. Digestive efficiency and dry-matter digestibility in Steller sea lions fed herring, pollock, squid, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digestive efficiency and dry-matter digestibility in Steller sea lions fed herring, pollock, squid, and salmon D.A.S. Rosen and A.W. Trites Abstract: Dry-matter digestibility and energy digestive efficiency-matter digestibility (DMD) and digestive efficiency (DE) were measured using the energy and manganese concentration

  4. Behavioral and Physiological Response of White Sturgeon to an Electrical Sea Lion Barrier System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suski, Cory David

    by state and federal agencies for electrofishing of salmonid fishes (NMFS 2000; WSDOT 2006), and the systemBehavioral and Physiological Response of White Sturgeon to an Electrical Sea Lion Barrier System Technology Center, 1440 Abernathy Creek Road, Longview, Washington 98632, USA Abstract.--Action agencies have

  5. ANALYSIS OF A CHIMERA METHOD FRANCO BREZZI , JACQUESLOUIS LIONS AND OLIVIER PIRONNEAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brezzi, Franco

    ANALYSIS OF A CHIMERA METHOD FRANCO BREZZI , JACQUES­LOUIS LIONS AND OLIVIER PIRONNEAU ABSTRACT. Chimera is a variant of Schwarz' algorithm which is used in CFD to avoid meshing complicated objects of the subdomains in their region of intersection. Râ?? esumâ?? e Chimera est une variante de l'algorithme de Schwarz

  6. Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    250 Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina Mariano Nacional de la Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina E-mail address: koen Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina Manuscript accepted 9 August 1999

  7. DNA Identification of Mountain Lions Involved in Livestock Predation and Public Safety Incidents and Investigations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    1 DNA Identification of Mountain Lions Involved in Livestock Predation and Public Safety Incidents concolor, bobcat, forensic, genetics, DNA techniques, noninvasive sampling, fecal DNA, prey swab DNA ABSTRACT Using three case studies, we demonstrated the utility of techniques to analyze DNA from trace

  8. Energy Reallocation during and after Periods of Nutritional Stress in Steller Sea Lions: Low-Quality Diet Reduces Capacity for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and differentially reallocate energy among these output variables. The way that animals prioritize the allocation516 Energy Reallocation during and after Periods of Nutritional Stress in Steller Sea Lions: Low subjected to periods of energy restriction and subsequent re- feeding during winter and summer to determine

  9. DDT Strikes Back: Galapagos Sea Lions Face Increasing Health Juan Jose Alava, Sandie Salazar, Marilyn Cruz, Gustavo Jimenez-Uzcategui,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    SYNOPSIS DDT Strikes Back: Galapagos Sea Lions Face Increasing Health Risks Juan Jose´ Alava. INTRODUCTION Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an effective and relatively cheap anti-malaria pesticide; Blus 2003), the WHO has recommitted to the use of the malaria-fighting pesticide DDT in tropical

  10. Reliance Industries Ltd RIL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd Jump

  11. Examination Schools Room Layout During Trinity Term use the Merton Street entrance and wait in the quad marquee until your examination is called. Outside of Trinity Term enter via the High Street entrance and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    South SchoolEast School SI Student Information Desk wc wc wc PLEASE NOTE: THERE IS NO CAR PARKING until your examination is called. Outside of Trinity Term please go directly to the Exam Hall. Reception Exam Office EXAM HALL wc Exam Office Reception wc QUAD MARQUEE WAITING AREA Entrance ­ via car park

  12. Commissions Thses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Prsident UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    Commissions Thèses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Président UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61 LACOMBE Corentin, Gestionnaire ADMINISTRATION DE L'UFR 929 corentin.lacombe@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 79 88 COLMEZ Pierre UMR 7586 INSTITUT DE MATHEMATIQUES DE

  13. The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;ii ABSTRACT The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of the bioenergetic not resume growth until sometime after November. The bioenergetic model was used to estimate the food

  14. How to Post a Job or an Internship LionSHARE gives employers the ability to post targeted job opportunities, schedule and host on-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    How to Post a Job or an Internship LionSHARE gives employers the ability to post targeted job career center events, and register for career fairs. Use of the system is free of charge and job postings fields on the Employer Registration form. · Click Register · Click Submit Profile Posting a Job

  15. A MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MODEL OF THE M87 JET. I. SUPERLUMINAL KNOT EJECTIONS FROM HST-1 AS TRAILS OF QUAD RELATIVISTIC MHD SHOCKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, Masanori [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Garofalo, David; Meier, David L., E-mail: nakamura@stsci.ed, E-mail: david.a.garofalo@jpl.nasa.go, E-mail: david.l.meier@jpl.nasa.go [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first in a series of papers that introduces a new paradigm for understanding the jet in M87: a collimated relativistic flow in which strong magnetic fields play a dominant dynamical role. Here, we focus on the flow downstream of HST-1-an essentially stationary flaring feature that ejects trails of superluminal components. We propose that these components are quad relativistic magnetohydrodynamic shock fronts (forward/reverse fast and slow modes) in a narrow jet with a helically twisted magnetic structure. And we demonstrate the properties of such shocks with simple one-dimensional numerical simulations. Quasi-periodic ejections of similar component trails may be responsible for the M87 jet substructures observed further downstream on 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3} pc scales. This new paradigm requires the assimilation of some new concepts into the astrophysical jet community, particularly the behavior of slow/fast-mode waves/shocks and of current-driven helical kink instabilities. However, the prospects of these ideas applying to a large number of other jet systems may make this worth the effort.

  16. Thermal Tests of Undulator Quad

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, Andrew; /SLAC; ,

    2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Running at the nominal temperature, the undulator quadrupole has a several degree temperature increase. This note describes the test used to determine the effect on the undulator integrals from the temperature gradient caused by the heat from the quadrupole conducting down the beam pipe. The undulator quadrupoles running at their nominal current of 4 amps heat up approximately 4 degrees Celsius; this magnet in turn heats up the beampipe which goes into the undulator. The heating ends up introducing a thermal gradient across the undulator which causes small changes in the magnetic field of the heated poles. By measuring the temperature change in the poles we can model the effects on the field and determine what the magnetic errors will be.

  17. Dorm Contest Update: Indian Quad is currently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    . Recyclemania begins Help your dorm win by recycling your bottles, cans and paper! Battery week is March 9 through March 28th. Like last year, we will be tracking our waste and recycling figures. Our goal for this year is to recycle 250,000 pounds of material. We're halfway through the contest and so far we have

  18. Quad County Corn Processors | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to:ID8/OrganizationTechProbSolutionsPublic ArtTexasUnst,PyronGeneralQnovo

  19. Lion and Map of Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack [writer of accompanying material

    2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    TRANSCRIPTION; MESSAGE: 2-15 PM; Aug 31-18; Dear [illegible] Jim; P/C To Hand all okay at the Bell Cheer o having a fine Time all is Well Jack; SENT TO: J Doyle Esq; 119 Woodland Rd; Cardiff; S.W...

  20. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -CTD wl-EWL w-lFT cx-CTD cx-EWL cx-FT gh-CTD 1.00 0.86* -0.09 0.30* 0.58* 0.22* 0.04 0.80* -0.12 0.28* 0.40* -0.10 gh-EWL 1.00 -0.04 0.38* 0.65* 0.12 0.19 0.87* -0.02 0.24* 0.49* -0.07 gh-FT 1.00 -0.10 -0.06 0.07 -0.24* -0.01 0.39* 0.25* 0.06 0...-EWL 1.00 -0.07 0.35* 0.62* -0.16 wl-FT 1.00 0.38* -0.21* 0.60* cx-CTD 1.00 0.57* 0.56* cx-EWL 1.00 0.29* cxFT 1.00 ? 3 phenotypic values are represented in columns...

  1. QTLs for Energy Related Traits in a Sweet × Grain RIL Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felderhoff, Terry

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    method. ................................................................................... 36 1 1. INTRODUCTION Bioenergy has received considerable interest in the past decade as a new and renewable source of transportation fuel (Rooney et al...., 2007). Bioenergy is produced from plant-derived biomass using conversion techniques such as thermochemical treatment and biochemical treatment (Antonopoulou et al., 2008). Thermochemical treatment involves direct combustion of biomass or the use...

  2. Determining Genetic Overlap between Staygreen, Leaf Wax and Canopy Temperature Depression in Sorghum RILs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awika, Henry

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in this project. The support from the department colleagues, faculty and staff has been an integral part of my wholesome experience at Texas A&M University. Special thanks also go to the Institute of Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, the Texas A&M Agri... length polymorphism SS Sum of squares SSR Single sequence repeats Stg Staygreen TD Temperature depression vii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT?????????????????????????????????????? iii DEDICATION...

  3. BEHAVIOR OF HIGH RISK MOUNTAIN LIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packard, Jane M.

    , Texas Southwest Regional Office Santa Fe, New Mexico #12;EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The National Park Service resulted in injury of a pet dog. In two incidents, native prey (javelins) were pursued in the presence). Of six subadult males studied, three were removed due to encounterswith humans or a pet (Table4). Seven

  4. Lion Television films at Oak Ridge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an interesting e-mail came to me from ORNL's Public Relations office. The e-mail had a patent application drawing attached and asked if I knew anything about the apparatus being...

  5. Lion Energy SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,LakefrontLighthouse SolarI Jump to:Link to

  6. A New Quad at Walton Street Ground Investigation Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Assessment 16 7.8 Waste Disposal 16 8.0 OUTSTANDING RISKS AND ISSUES 17 APPENDIX #12;Ruskin College, Oxford-brown and greyish brown sandy gravelly clay or a clayey gravelly sand with fragments of brick, concrete, ash and coal. The underlying Northmoor Sand and Gravel Formation initially comprised soft orange light brown

  7. Field Testing of a Quad Rotor Smartphone Control System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M.L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With recent regulatory efforts to reduce restrictions placed on the operation of Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) in the United States, it is likely that in the next few years, these vehicles will become commonplace in the ...

  8. J. Michael McQuade | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3 | 12/1/2014 |Is5:It'sA P OL IC Y FJ.

  9. J. Michael McQuade | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas » Methane HydrateEnergyIs a SmallJ. E.

  10. Shalf_NUG2006_QuadCore.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSetting the Stage forScienceShaleMemory

  11. Figure 1. Block diagram of a quad-ferential amplifier. Design and Analysis of a Quad-ferential Ampilifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    are utilized in performing Monte Carlo simulations to evaluate offset voltage and common-mode rejection of the trifferential amplifier. The trifferential amplifier, designed and patented by Stefano D'Aquino, is the first

  12. american sea lion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: range across the Pacific rim from Southern California in the east to northern Japan in the west, where- i - Modelling and characterization...

  13. Company/Organization Name Location FOOD LION #30 Albemarle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    BANK, Antrim Antrim EDMUND'S ACE HARDWARE, Antrim Antrim ASHLAND LUMBER CO., Ashland Ashland CUSTANCE BROTHERS WOODWORKING, Ashland Ashland ATKINSON PLICE DEPARTMENT, Atkinson Atkinson MAINE DRILLING

  14. Imara Corp formerly Lion Cells | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas:ITCSolidIdaho‎Information RiverIllumitexImara

  15. Green Lion Bio Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <GlacialGoldenarticle isinEnergy, LLCLion Bio

  16. Sign inBecome a MarketWatch member todayFront Page News Viewer Commentary Markets Investing Personal Finance Community Quad/Graphics Inc (QUAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /Graphics' Hartford, Wis., manufacturing facility achieve Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED certification for a manufacturing site. The 1.6-million-square-foot Hartford plant opened in 1992 also qualified and resource selection; and 5) indoor environmental quality. In addition, the USGBC recognizes innovations

  17. communiqu DE PRESSE -2 avRil 2013 viGiE-naTuRE : lancEmEnT DE la SaiSon 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    observation compte ! Télécharger le dossier de presse sur : www.vigienature.fr les nouveauX résultats scienti sein de l'association Tela Botanica, Vincent Devictor, chercheur au CNRS, Anthony Virondeau, Pascal

  18. QUAD RESIDENCE POND ROAD/SENTINEL ROAD LOT CONSTRUCTION August 21, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entry/exit for the combined lot, the existing Pond Road lot entrance is being expanded to provide an additional entry/exit laneway and to further remove vehicle queuing from Pond Road. All spaces within the Parking Services office at 4167365335. 2) Entrance/Exit Construction and Changes Work to expand

  19. G e n e s e e R i v e r RESIDENCE QUAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    Hall Wilmot Building NYS Center for Advanced Technology Taylor Hall Perimeter Route Rush Rhees Library Burton Rush Rhees Library Morey Lattimore Dewey Meliora Harkness Gavett Taylor NYS Ctr. for Advanced Tech and Engineering Route Gavett Hall Hopeman Building Hylan Building Hutchison Hall Computer Studies Building Goergen

  20. G e n e s e e R i v e r FRATERNITY QUAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Rush Rhees Library Morey Lattimore Dewey Meliora Harkness Gavett Taylor NYS Ctr. for Advanced Tech Institute School of Medicine & Dentistry Arthur Kornberg Medical Research Building STRONG MEMORIAL HOSPITAL Emergency Helen Wood Hall Clinical Translational Science Building Ernest J. Del Monte Neuromedicine

  1. DC Optimal Power Flow Formulation and Solution Using QuadProgJ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    , still retaining an SCQP form, so that solution values for voltage angles and locational marginal prices power injections. However, solution values for locational marginal prices (LMPs), voltage angles, Chen-Ching Liu, Jim McCalley, Michael J. D. Powell, Jim Price, Harold Salazar, Johnny Wong, and Tong Wu

  2. The Cray XT4 Quad-core : A First Look | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not FoundInformation DOEInformation Summary Big* -SAND2002-0120LA-14003Name

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact5 Disposal57891

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact5 Disposal578912

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact5

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact54 Average

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact54 Average5 Cost

  8. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact54 Average5

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.4 Electric and Generic Quad Carbon Emissions

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of635 U.S.2146 Top

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.4 Electric and Generic Quad Carbon Emissions

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of635 U.S.2146 Top2

  11. running head: ESA classification and Steller sea lions-C , Endangered SpeciesAct Status of the Western Populationof Steller Sea Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 years the species had at least a 10%probability of extinction. Results of the MVP analysis the appropriate category. Because current categories of species status may not reflect actual extinction risks the status of a species provides the necessary information for assessing extinction rates and for identifying

  12. New active safety device dedicated to light all-terrain vehicle stability: Application to quad bike and off-road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . It consists in using Predictive Functional Control (PFC) so as to compute, on-line, the maximum vehicle and braking control [3] and [2]), they appear to be poorly relevant for fast off-road motion context (since]. It consists in the on-line adaptation of tire cornering stiffnesses, representative of grip conditions, based

  13. Flat Is Not Dead: Current and Future Performance of Si-MEMS Quad Mass Gyro (QMG) System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, William C

    . The main example of MEMS Class I CVG is the dual mass Tuning Fork Gyro (TFG), such as the Draper/Honeywell (Honeywell) and medium performance (Northrop Grumman LITEF) tactical grade systems. The classic dual TFG, disk, shells in R&D Angular gain, drive amplitude Modal mass, time constant, Q Examples Draper/Honeywell

  14. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy Forrestal Garage Parking Procedures,

  15. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    301- Esteves, J.L. (2008) “Contaminacion” en Estado deRuoppolo, V. (2008) “Contaminacion por hidrocarburos y su

  16. STATEMENT OF CONSIDERA l"IONS REQUEST BY INEOS USA LLC, OPERATING...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and gasifier oxygen content, (3) the ability of corn stover to produce fermentable syngas, and (4) the need for carbon bed filtration in the gas clean-up stage. Petitioner's...

  17. Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Level Biotic Index Score, 0= low, 10= high Horseshoe CreekWater Quality in an Urban Creek Watershed, Oakland, CA. AGUHydraulics. 2010. Codornices Creek Gage: Codornices Creek,

  18. THESE de DOCTORAT Modlisation de l'adsorption de l'ion uranyle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Paris-Sud, Orsay François TSOBNANG Professeur, ISMANS, le Mans Boubakar DIAWARA Maître de conférences François Tsobnang pour avoir accepté la tâche de rapporteur et Boubakar Diawara qui m'a fait l'honneur de

  19. Mountain lion use of an area of high recreational development in Big Bend National Park, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruth, Toni Karen

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /Site Restrictions and Closures Habitat/Site Alterations. . . . . . . . . . . . Protocol for Incidents of Attack or Depredation. 113 113 120 128 135 141 147 150 Recommendations f or Management. . . . . . . . . Education of Visitors and Residents... subadults should be considered high risk. Alternative management actions for reducing risk to visitors were identified and evaluated. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was cooperatively funded by Big Bend National Park (BIBE), Texas; The National Park Service...

  20. Wastewater recycling and heat reclamation at the Red Lion Central Laundry, Portland, Oregon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garlick, T.F.; Halverson, M.A.; Ledbetter, M.R.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses water, energy, and cost savings that can be achieved in a commercial laundry through the use of a wastewater recycling and heat recovery system. Cost savings are achieved through reductions in water use, reduction in sewage charges, reductions in water heating energy, and potential reductions in water treatment chemicals. This report provides an economic analysis of the impact of capital investment, daily consumption, and local utility rates on the payback period.

  1. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. D. Walsh. 1991. “Land Reclamation in Singapore, Hong Kongidentifiable “periods” of land reclamation in Hong Kong. Thestill has) a stake in land reclamation (Glaser, Haberzettl,

  2. No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea Lions Eumetopias jubatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    899 No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea and Trites 1997). This increase in me- tabolism during digestion has often been treated in bioenergetic little or no interaction between these two bioenergetic parameters (e.g., Klassen et al. 1989; Mac

  3. Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the bay. The urban stream restoration movement that arose inecological value. Few stream restoration projects in the Bayon- campus lake and stream restoration activities. An active

  4. Potential Effects of Short-Term Prey Changes on Sea Lion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    appeared to prioritize maintaining core growth rates even when energy was limited, electing to deplete animals, regardless of total energy intake. This mechanism has been hypothesized to have contributed lipid reserves to fulfill energy deficits, resulting in changes in relative body condition. In contrast

  5. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a variability off Patagonia based on SeaWiFS data. JournalD. (2003). Mamíferos marinos de Patagonia y Antártida [Marine mammals of Patagonia and Antarctica]. Buenos Aires:

  6. Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, UMR 7598 Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6 & CNRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sueur, Franck

    AS CR Thierry Gallay Universit´e Joseph Fourier Matthias Hieber Technische Universit¨at Darmstadt Curie Institute of Mathematics AS CR Thierry Gallay Olivier Gu`es Universit´e Joseph Fourier Aix Feireisl, Thierry Gallay et Matthias Hieber qui m'ont fait l'honneur d'accepter d'^etre les rapporteurs de

  7. Metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoopes, Lisa Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................. 75 Animals ........................................................................ 75 Infrared Thermography ................................................ 75 Statistical Analysis...

  8. SYNTHESIS Self-structuring in spatial evolutionary ecology Sebastien Lion* and Minus van

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lion, Sébastien

    ) or suppose that populations face some form or other of underlying environ- mental heterogeneity. However cyclically linked by catalysis, have played a pivotal role in the emergence of life, but Maynard Smith (1979

  9. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    porous (or soft), meaning practices can be shared with another group or community, or they may be concrete (

  10. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÇOISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  11. STATUS REVIEW OF THE EASTERN DISTINCT POPULATION SEGMENT OF STELLER SEA LION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................................. 8 1.6 Status Review History and Receipt of Petitions to Delist

  12. Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    revenues to remediate mining impacts. State and regionalRestoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream:have addressed the impacts of mining, although hundreds of

  13. Steller Sea Lion Protection Measures for Groundfish Fisheries in the Bering Sea and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperating Agencies 7 RELATED DOCUMENTS 8 Alaska Groundfish Programmatic Supplemental EIS (PSEIS) 8 Alaska Groundfish Harvest Specifications EIS 9 Essential Fish Habitat EIS 9 2008 Revised Recovery Plan Impact Statement (EIS). That scoping period began the public process of developing the EIS in accordance

  14. Penn State Career Services Nittany Lion Career Network (https://psu-csm.symplicity.com/employers)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    and Information Systems (http://www.smeal.psu.edu/scis/recruit) Brianne Kepler Administrative Support Assistant of Communications (http://comm.psu.edu/current/career-services-and-internships) Bob Martin Assistant Dean, Office Assistant, Recruiting & Employer Relations interviewing@psu.edu 814-863-0225 Full Time - All Majors Smeal

  15. Quantitative trait loci(qtl) analysis of yield components and heat tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, Jung Hwa

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    component traits in the 62 RILs in four individual environments?.. 94 Table XV Summary of QTLs identified by composite interval mapping for heat tolerance based on simple score of yield and its component traits in the 62 RILs in four...

  16. Z:\\aml\\sq_quad_aml.aml Wednesday, January 11, 2012 10:59 AM /* Create square quadrats covering a point coverage */

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    _y = [truncate %.llcony%] /* min Y in integer pointgrid %.covername% gridwork1 /* create a grid with resolution for the lower-left corner of the map area %num_y%,%num_x% /* number of rows and number of columns zero /* background value as zero grid /* switch to GRID session gridwork2 = int( rand() * ( gridwork1 + 1) * 1000000

  17. C:\Users\alasky\AppData\Roaming\SoftQuad\XMetaL\5.5\gen\c\H5297_~1.XML

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The BigSidingState6 (2-91) U.S.FINANCIALLABOR

  18. Zgoubi-ing AGS : spin motion with snakes and jump-quads,G? = 43.5 through G? = 46.5 and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meot, F.; Ahrens, L.; Glenn, J.; Huang, H.; Luccio, A.; MacKay, W. W.; Roser, T.; Tsoupas, N.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Note reports on the first, and successful, simulations of particle and spin dynamics in the AGS in presence of the two helical snakes and of the tune-jump quadrupoles, using the ray-tracing code Zgoubi. It includes DA tracking in the absence or in the presence of the two helical snakes, simulation of particle and spin motion in the snakes using their magnetic field maps, spin flipping at integer resonances in the 36+Qy depolarizing resonance region, with and without tune-jump quadrupole gymnastics. It also includes details on the setting-up of Zgoubi input data files and on the various numerical methods of concern in and available from Zgoubi.

  19. C:\Users\cbenson\AppData\Roaming\SoftQuad\XMetaL\5.5\gen\c\h933_enr.xml

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platformBuilding Removal Ongoing atGreenhouse GasesRespond1 Annual Report

  20. Cap de Creus canyon: a link between shelf and slope sediment dispersal systems in the western Gulf of Lions, France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeGeest, Amy Louise

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    material that passed through the sieve was analyzed using a Sedigraph 5100 particle size analyzer to determine the distributions of silt- and clay-sized particles. The total fine faction was then dried, weighed, and combined with the sand fraction...

  1. A petrologic and mechanical analysis of the Lion Mountain and Welge sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugherty, Thomas Daniel

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Squaw Creek approximately . 60 miles from the intersection of Squaw Creek and Spring Creek. 30 45' p ' ) (I V~ 99 20r 99 15v MASON ~~one . 0+/ 0 N 30 45' o ) Y I I 30 35' vs , ( ') F SCALE 0 I 2 S 4 MILES' FICIBE I, ICCATIOH HAP... the intersection of Mill Creek Road and Farm Road 1871 and 3. 0 miles southeast of the Jeffreys ranch house on Mill Creek Road. 3. Section 3 was measured on Ernest Geistweidt's property in the bed of the west branch of Panther Creek approximately 1. 3 miles...

  2. Foraging Ecology of the California Sea Lion: Diet, Diving Behavior, Foraging Locations, and Predation Impacts on Fisheries Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Daniel P.; Kuhn, Carey; Weise, Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    density of seals in the pack ice off Princess Martha Coast,penguins in relation to pack-ice condition in the southernabundance of seals in the pack ice of the pacific sector of

  3. Three-dimensional photogrammetry as a tool for assessing morphometrics and estimating body mass of Steller sea lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waite, Jason Neil

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and axillary girth from wireframes based on ideal body postures were within ±1.7% and ±3. 1% of physically measured dimensions, respectively. These measurements were used to estimate body mass by applying previously existing regression equations. Regressions...

  4. Foraging Ecology of the California Sea Lion: Diet, Diving Behavior, Foraging Locations, and Predation Impacts on Fisheries Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Daniel P.; Kuhn, Carey; Weise, Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the California Current, 2005-06. CalCOFI Reports, Volume 48.4 prototype SRDL-GPS tags in 2005-06. The CTD and GPS tagsn=21), 2004-05 (n=3), and 2005-06 (n=11). Time (%) Surface

  5. Spatial variation of heat flux in Steller sea lions: evidence for consistent avenues of heat exchange along the body trunk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    thermistors. Optimal sensor placement was established using infrared thermography to locate the major areas

  6. Cyclical changes in seroprevalence of leptospirosis in California sea lions: Endemic and epidemic disease in one host species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Book R: A Language and Environment for StatisticalR Development Core Team: R: A Language and Environment for Statistical

  7. Errata Sheet for Steller Sea Lion Documents for the June 2013 Meeting of the North Pacific Fishery Management Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protection Measures EIS for the Groundfish Fisheries of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands By: NMFS Alaska, sentence 3: Replace "Draft EIS Table 5-156..." with "Draft EIS Table 5-79..." 2. Replace page 6, paragraph measures as calculated from the values in the draft EIS table 5-114. 3. On pages 9 and 10 in the third

  8. PROPRITS MAGNTO-OPTIQUES DE MATRIAUX PARA-, FERRO-ET ANTIFERROMAGNTIQUES CONTENANT L'ION EUROPIUM DIVALENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'ION EUROPIUM DIVALENT J. FERRÉ (*) Laboratoire d'Optique Physique, EPCI (**) 10, rue Vauquelin, 75231 Paris matrices cristallines d'une part (CaF2, KCl), des chalcogénures d'europium EuX, d'autre part (X = O, S, Se) of isolated Eu2+ ions (in CaF2 and KCl) and of europium chalcogenides EuX (X = O, S, Se, Te) are compared

  9. Copyright 2005, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Annual Technical Conference and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    are compared with one another. Furthermore, we have compared dual-, tri- and quad- laterals with fish

  10. BUILDING STRONG U.S. Port and Inland Waterway Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    . Vernon Paducah Vicksburg La Crosse Omaha Kansas City Quad Cities Dubuque Milwaukee Parkersburg Vancouver

  11. african sorghum beers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    network architecture on performance and evolvability (Beer Beer, Randall D. 31 QTLs for Energy Related Traits in a Sweet Grain RIL Sorghum Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench...

  12. Integrated Analysis of Phenology, Traits, and QTL in the Drought Tolerant Sorghum Genotypes BTx642 and RTx7000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weers, Brock D.

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................................................................... 167 9.1 Allele contrast analysis for root size parameters under 2009 field conditions at marker DG65 in the BTx642 x RTx7000 RIL population .......................................................................................... 195... 9.2 Allele contrast analysis for leaf size parameters under 2010 field conditions at marker DG139 in the BTx642 x RTx7000 RIL population .......................................................................................... 196 9...

  13. africa command africom: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    quad-copter to contain-planning algortihms. The quad-copter is tested in a contained enviroment with static dimensions and obstacles Zhou, Shengli 50 Computer Ethics Institute...

  14. Solar Energy and the Florida Environment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helen J-h. Whiffen

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On average, 585,000 Btus of solar energy reach every square foot of Florida each year. Overall, the energy in the sunlight annually falling on the state equals 840 quad. Eight hundred forty quads of energy is

  15. apollo command module: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    quad-copter to contain-planning algortihms. The quad-copter is tested in a contained enviroment with static dimensions and obstacles Zhou, Shengli 71 Computer Ethics Institute...

  16. Lion and Lamb—The Strong Black Woman Gets Abused: “Afflictions of Specialness” in Post-Feminist and Post-Civil Rights Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Samantha N.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cinema, ed. Manthia Diawara. New York, NY: Rutledge, 1993.Cinema, ed. Manthia Diawara. New York, NY: Rutledge, 1993.Cinema, ed. Manthia Diawara. New York, NY: Rutledge, 1993.

  17. Aquatic Mammals 2010, 36(1), 79-83, DOI 10.1578/AM.36.1.2010.79 Filial Imprinting in a Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    it was found abandoned as a neonate in June 2006. Following release inApril 2007, the animal repeat- edly housed at three different public display facilities. Of these, seven individuals had been sep- arated

  18. Sites Sending WSR-88D Level II Data To The CRAFT Project/Univeristy of Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

    , IN IWX PADUCAH PADUCAH, KY PAH #12;QUAD CITIES DAVENPORT, IA DVN RAPID CITY RAPID CITY, SD UNR ST LOUIS

  19. Harvesting Energy from Wastewater Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -7% of electricity used in USA is for water &wastewater #12;Global Energy & Health Issues 1 Billion people lack the demand for fossil fuels and energy ­ US production of oil peaked 30 years ago ­ Global production of oil electricity generation: 13 quad 5% used for W&WW: 0.6 quad 97 quad [quadrillion BTUs]= 28,400 terawatt hours

  20. 3. Y.X. Guo, M.Y.W. Chia, and Z.N. Chen, Miniature built-in quad-band antenna for mobile handsets, IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat Lett 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkholder, Robert J.

    ABSTRACT: The multipole expansion for the free-space Green's function is transformed into an inverse power, 2001, pp. 464­467. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. AN INVERSE POWER SERIES FOR THE FREE-SPACE GREEN a finite region may be represented outside that region with fewer degrees of freedom than inside it [1

  1. Assessing the Effectiveness of California's Underground Storage Tank Annual Inspection Rate Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cutter, W. Bowman

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE), a gasoline additive. Thefor the lion’s share of MTBE contamination, as well asIn response to the MTBE crisis, California increased the

  2. SEPTEMBER 2013: OPERATIONS DIVISION TRAINING ANNOUNCEMENT TMA Training Contact P/T for Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    -led Utilities Basic Steam Cycle Museum Chiller Systems 1 Basic Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Lube Oil System Red Lion Training #4 Chiller Red Lion Training #4 Chiller Pump Fundamentals Sept. 3rd Sept. 9th Sept. 10th

  3. A mycological assessment of highly digestible protein sorghum lines.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portillo, Ostilio Rolando

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ANOVA- Analysis of Variance DG- Digestible Group GMDC- Grain Mold Disease Complex hr- Hour HD- Highly Digestible Protein Fisher’s LSD- Least Significant Difference Test min- Minute M- Molar MD- Medium Digestible Protein NIR... content and endosperm texture where the main and interaction effects were estimated by an all fixed model under the following hypothesis: Ho= the mean of all RILs/DGs are equal. Ha= at least one RIL/DG is different. Model: Yij= µ + ?i + ?j + ?i...

  4. ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ion","Nuclear","Exelon Nuclear",2277 4,"Quad Cities Generating Station","Nuclear","Exelon Nuclear",1819 5,"Baldwin Energy Complex","Coal","Dynegy Midwest Generation Inc",1775...

  5. Stronger Manufacturers' Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    will improve the energy efficiency of several common household appliances." The 13 SEER central air conditioner standard is predicted to save the nation 4.2 quads (quadrillion...

  6. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between flowerpot and FMA quad * Mount ORRUBA detectors inside Gammasphere * Thin-walled chamber (minimize absorptionscattering of gammas) * Minimize detector-preamplifier...

  7. New Method and Reporting of Uncertainty in LBNL National Energy Modeling System Runs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan Z.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay, Chris

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PV Quad SO 2 TWh Annual Energy Outlook combined GPRA caseshows the most recent Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) value, theradical. The Annual Energy Outlook forecasts unrestricted

  8. Characterizing emerging industrial technologies in energy models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laitner, John A. Skip; Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina; Hanson, Donald A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EIA), 2001. “Annual Energy Outlook 2002,” Energy Informationas forecasted in the Annual Energy Outlook 2002, we estimateQuads based on the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 (AEO 2002) (

  9. Slide 1

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Bottom-up assessment of technologies Note: 1 quad 1,000 TBtu 21 Supply- Chain Systems Production Facility Systems Manufacturing SystemsUnit Operations Petroleum Refinery...

  10. U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AikenSouth Carolina The Analytical Development VG PlasmaQuad II Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometers (ICPMS) perform elemental and isotopic analysis on liquid samples....

  11. Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Primary Energy Use (quads) Product Ultra-Efficient Designefficient design options found to have significant energy-efficient design options include power supplies that involve fewer energy

  12. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Co-Chair; Frances Beinecke, Rafael Bras, Albert Carnesale, Shirley Ann Jackson, Deborah Jin, Paul Joskow, Arun Majumdar, Michael McQuade, Richard Meserve, Cherry Murray, Carmichael...

  13. University of Alberta Students' Union STUDENTS' COUNCIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    Allocation for the purpose of the centenary ice rink for quad. VOTE ON MOTION 5/0/0 CARRIED C. FENTIMAN

  14. Thermochemical Feedstock Interfact Presentation for the BETO...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. biofuels industry. 3 | Bioenergy Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Project Quad Chart Overview Timeline * Start: October 2010 * End: September 2017 * 70% complete Barriers...

  15. antero-posterior support surface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    perfect graph Laplacians, and computing surface tells us how to remesh shapes by self-supporting quad meshes with planar faces. This guides steelglass application of the...

  16. Runtime Support For Maximizing Performance on Multicore Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pusukuri, Kishore Kumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    execution techniques for smt mul- tiprocessor architectures,scheduling on smp-cmp-smt multiprocessors, in Proceedings ofcode for quad-core SMT multiprocessor architectures. The

  17. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Freidenrich Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Houses Stanford Hospital

  18. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Freidenrich Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Hall Cowell Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce

  19. Bing Concert Hall, under construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell Godzilla Thornton Center Bambi Roble Gym Terman Engineering Center Forsythe Hall Spruce Hall Cypress Hall

  20. Bing Concert Hall, Under Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Center, Under Construction Terman Engineering Center, Demolition Frost Amphitheater Ford Plaza Galvez Houses Schwab Residential Center Lyman Graduate Residences Sterling Quad Mirrielees Pearce Mitchell

  1. Entrepreneurialship Considerations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and other customers Bioenergy Climate Energy technologies Ultrascale computing National security Materials SOURCES cont. · Bio Fuels · Gas to Liquids · Solar · Geothermal #12;10 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U's energy Total U.S. energy consumption, 2007 ~102 quads Nonfossil sources ~15 quads Quadrillion Btu Solar

  2. CRADIT FARM DRIVE CREEK DRIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, H. Floyd

    CRADIT FARM DRIVE THURSTON CREEK DRIVE CENTRALAVENUE ENUE UNIVERSITY AVENUE EASTAVENUE FOREST HOME CREEK DRIVE CENTRALAVENUE ENUE UNIVERSITY AVENUE EASTAVENUE FOREST HOME DRIVE HIGHLAND ROBERTS PLACE GARDEN DEANS ARTS QUAD RAWLINGS GREEN R. URIS GARDEN AG QUAD BIOLOGY BEEBE LAK FALL CREEK Clark Hall Olin

  3. Energy Impacts of Envelope Tightening and Mechanical Ventilation for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logue, J.M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on change in home site energy demand by IECC climate zone.residential sector site energy demand by 2.9 quads (3.1 EJ).programs could reduce the energy demand by 0.7 quads (0.74

  4. Climate Change and Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rottle, Nancy; Alberti, Marina

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ments and infrastructure; water shortages and higher tem-changes will also affect water availability and depriveof mil- lions of people of water. Food security will also be

  5. Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaffka, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

  6. COUNTER-EXAMPLES TO QUANTIFIER ELIMINATION FOR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-61-00T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 6, 2006 ... Russian original: Malochleny, Moscow, 1987; Revised Russian edition: Fazis, Moscow, 1996. [10] J.-M. Lion and P. Speissegger, The theorem ...

  7. Child Deities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budde, Dagmar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Budzanowski, Mikolaj 2001 Isis, Harpocrates and the lion-Geburtshaus des Tempels der Isis in Philä. ÖsterreichischeStadler, Martin Andreas 2004 Isis: Das göttliche Kind und

  8. Understanding Nutrient Loading to the Coastal Zone from Urban Watersheds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Timothy H.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Land Use in the Carpinteria Valley, California.TIONS: Speaker: Carpinteria Creek Watershed Coalition annualand Forecasts for Carpinteria Creek", Lions' Club,

  9. The Jaguar system consists of an 84 cabinet quad-core Cray XT4 system and 200 upgraded Cray XT5 cabinets, using six-core processors. The XT4 has 8 gigabytes of memory per node while the XT5 has 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forced- air cooling system. Further savings are realized by using the 480-volt power supplies in each using some form of liquid cooling to manage heat dissipation requirements. At 4,400 square feet, the XT5 ECOphlexTM cooling technology. This technology uses R-134, a high temperature refrigerant sometimes found

  10. Dressing for England: fashion and nationalism in victorian novels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montz, Amy Louise

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . To those gone ahead: my grandfather, Robert Joseph Herbet, and my grandparents Louise and Edward Montz, thank you. The four people who have provided a lion?s share of the intellectual and emotional help throughout this dissertation process are, of course... ............................................................................................. 8 Exploring the Power of an ?Interesting Feminine Weakness?: Chapter Summaries ........................................................................ 16 II ?THAT WICKED PARIS?: EMPIRE, XENOPHOBIA, AND FASHION IN ENGLAND...

  11. Geology of the Homer Martin Ranch Area, Mason County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pool, Alexander Stuart

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandstone Nember. ~. . . ~ Cap Mountain Limestone Member ~. . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ Lion Mountain Sandstone Member. . . ~ ~ ~ . , ~ e ~ 36 WQberns Formation ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 45 Welge Sandstone Member. Morgan Creek L1mestone Member... membered' the Hickory sandstone member, the Cap Mountain limestone member, and the Lion Nountain sandstone member. The Wilberns formation consists of four members: the Welge sandstone member, the Morgan Creek limestone member, the Point Peak shale...

  12. Molecular Basis of Quantitative Genetics Revealed by Cloning and Analysis of 474 Genes Controlling Fiber Length in Cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yun Hua

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................................................................... x 1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................... 1 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS ........................................................................ 11 2.1 Plant materials... ............................................................................................................ 24 3.1 UHML genetic variation in the RIL population .................................. 24 3.2 Transcriptome sequencing and digital expression profiling ................ 31 3.3 Isolation and analysis of genes controlling UHML...

  13. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 20 Number 1 : Backcover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BOOK RilVIEW Due to unavoidabl.e circumstances, no book review could be ineluded in this issue. It is proposed ti) review the two boob mentionea below in the nelt issue. Michael Aris & A\\1ng San Sun Kyj : 'DbetQ Stlldies (Warminster 1980...

  14. Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Act of 1975 and tho State EnN'gy Effleiene), Pl'OgrRIl hl1pl'Ovomcnt Act of 1990 (SBI'); and 'lie Welll"el'IoJ A,YS,I'(llIIca Progrlm (WAP) tOI' Low-Income...

  15. LONG TERM FILE MIGRATION - PART II: FILE REPLACEMENT ALGORITHMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Smith, Alan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~~"-' ,m . I 'f'-~I I ,/:? :RIlNG SET r -t j IS) iO" 1C. ~ETNR(LSIZEt>ClIISS)/ '.I~RllNG LJ.J 8DGO Ot\\ YS ~~:\\ j3 1 :in ~ill particular a batch lng OD aEriv~l phenomenon r by

  16. Scaling up Classical Genetics to Thousands of Molecular Traits: Promises and Challenges.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    with mass spectrometry or nuclear magnetic resonance) in numerous model species (including yeasts, plants of phenotypes reduces the available statistical power. Linkage mapping on recombinant inbred lines (RILs), F2 intercrosses, or backcrosses provides enough power to perform eQTL studies with relatively small sample sizes

  17. Team 175: Command and Control of UAV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    -planning algortihms. The quad-copter is tested in a contained enviroment with static dimensions and obstacles and efficiently. In addition to the raw numbers of counterfeit ICs, the impact of counterfeits on critical systems

  18. Inside this issue: Area Events 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    your own reusable bag to the exchange and get entered to win a passport to NYS parks. Thanks to UAS : Quad Offices Husted Hall, Downtown Campus East Campus UAB and MSC Buildings #12;Volume 6, Issue 8

  19. A synchronous communication system for a software-based Byzantine fault tolerant computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterling, Reuben Marbell

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the redesign of a Byzantine-resilient, quad-redundant computer to remove proprietary hardware components. The basic architecture consists of four Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) processors in a ...

  20. D I G E S T Public Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    10 Schofield quad renovation receives praise from historical society, by Stefanie Gardin 12 Army to maintain expertise, by Harry Goradia Energy Achieving energy reduction the Navy way, by Cecile Holloway 37 Energy reduction: Aiming high by going

  1. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential andCommercial Building Stock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate that future window technologies offer energy savings potentials of up to 3.9 Quads.

  2. & APPLIED SCIENCE SPLIKER ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    ROBLE GYMNASIUM SCIENCES EARTH GREEN SKILLING DURAND MITCHELL CORNER BRAUN WOMEN Main Quad CHURCH ART BLDG. CUMMINGS WING BING EDUCATION SCHOOL OF MEN HALL PIGOTT TERMAN ENG NITERY THE TOWER CLOCK

  3. 2.1E Supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelmann, F.C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    version added HERM-CENT-COND-PWR HERM-CENT-COND-TYPE P -QUAD V 4 , 3 HERM-REC-COND-PWR P - PLANT-PARAMETERS V 2 . .FT DEFROST-CAP-FT DEFROST-PWR-FT HPDefrst HPDefrst HPDefrst

  4. CX-010116: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Operation, Maintenance, and End of Life of VG PlasmaQuad II ICPMS Units CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/28/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  5. Time, Humans and Societal Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    16 Human Development Index) is UN measure of well-being. High poverty and population density coincide fuel contribution >80% globally (Quadrillion (1E15) Btu) 1 quad = 1E15 British thermal units = 2.9E11 k

  6. 3-26-09_Final_Testimony_(Rodgers).pdf

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and power the engines of American factories, U.S. industry consumed 32.3 quads of energy in 2007--nearly a third of all U.S. energy consumption. 4 U.S. industry alone uses...

  7. Zero Energy Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Window Type Sales (Business as usual) Energy Star (Low-e)Total, quads Sales (Business as usual) Energy Star (Low-e)modest energy savings beyond the business-as usual case (0.3

  8. Building Technologies Office

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    energy-efficient solutions Lower building energy use by 50% Double U.S. energy productivity Aiming High for 2030 Annual energy use by 20 quads 1 billion metric tons CO 2 200...

  9. Office of Environmental Sustainability Volume 1, Issue 2 May 20, 2008 Sustainability Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    volunteers planting trees and spreading mulch near State Quad. (Photo by Mark Schmidt) Interim President and plastic. Our goal is to have 10 new bins, 5 of each kind at a cost of approximately $2,000. The UAS has

  10. Quarterly Construction Status Report Period Ending: December 31, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Greenhouse Upgrade Heating System 901367c Whetten Quad Pedestrian Safety Improvements Phase I 901629 Heating of the basketball courts have been selected to match the playing surface of Gampel Pavilion, the home court of both

  11. Chemistry Department Instrumentation 1) JEOL ECA-500: 500 MHz Liquids only open access system. Capable of measuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    only open access system. Capable of measuring 1H, 13C, 19F & 31P Nuclei. Triple Quad analyzer with MS/MS capabilities. Has both EI and CI modes

  12. Franklin Job Launch Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Job Launch Overview Job Launch Overview Overview and Basic Description Franklin has three basic types of nodes. Compute Nodes The 9,572 compute nodes each have a quad-core 2.3 GHz...

  13. PII S0016-7037(00)00379-3 Geologic control of Sr and major element chemistry in Himalayan Rivers, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    , Nepal N. B. ENGLISH,* J. QUADE, P. G. DECELLES, and C. N. GARZIONE Department of Geology, University) Abstract--Our study of the Seti River in far western Nepal shows that the solute chemistry of the river

  14. alkenyldiarylmethane adam non-nucleoside: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HARRISON ST. HARRISON ST. E. ADAMS ST.B.C. Hinds Link Eggers HallHolden Obs. QUAD Smith Crouse College Heroy White Hall Stairs Lawrinson Sadler. OSTROMAVE. BEECH ST. HARRISON...

  15. adam 2-degree scenario: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HARRISON ST. HARRISON ST. E. ADAMS ST.B.C. Hinds Link Eggers HallHolden Obs. QUAD Smith Crouse College Heroy White Hall Stairs Lawrinson Sadler. OSTROMAVE. BEECH ST. HARRISON...

  16. Research in Industrial Combustion Systems - Current and Future R&D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebello, W. J.; Keller, J. G.

    combustor with its high pressure gain is attractive for use in the process to make Portland cement where energy is needed to heat the raw materials (coal or petroleum coke) and additional power is required for particle separation (electricity.... INTRODUCTION The total energy consumption in the U.S. in 1977 was about 76 Quads (quadrillion BTU). Of this amount, about 28 Quads were consumed by the industrial sector in the form of coal, petroleum, natural gas and electri city. The manufacturing...

  17. A pedigree study of Arabian horses in the United States of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazder, P. J

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Animals. Diagram Showing Interrelationship Between the Jellabiet Feysul Female Line and the 14ale Lines of Saklavi I and Jamil El Kebir. Interrelationships of Important Stallions of the Zobeyni Hale Linea " RUTl. ". 8. &52. an inixed sta3. lion...

  18. 509Ann. For. Sci. 60 (2003) 509517 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    mil- lion m3 and the wood produced is mainly used for wood pulp (53%), woodchip (36%) and saw timber (11%) [7]. Most eucalypts are planted by forestry companies on exist- ing forest soils, in areas

  19. Aerobic capacities in the heart, kidneys, and splanchnic organs of harbor seals: adaptations to diving hypoxia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuson, Amanda Lynn

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) have an elevated mitochondrial volume density [Vv(mt)] and citrate synthase (CS) and ?-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOAD) activity in their swimming muscles, to maintain aerobic metabolism, as an adaptation...

  20. Microbiology (2000), 146, 851860 Printed in Great Britain Absence of translationally selected

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microbiology (2000), 146, 851­860 Printed in Great Britain Absence of translationally selected Batterie des Lions, 13007 Marseille, France. Abbreviations: GC3s, GjC content at synonymously variable

  1. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 70757089, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/7075/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    ), the Johannesburg­Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (> 10 mil- lion people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anticyclonic recirculation of air mass over the in- terior of South

  2. Hunting the Monsters in the Database A critical review of computational tools for detecting chimeric 16S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "The Chimera had the head of a lion and the tail of a serpent, while her chimera checking ... reduced diversity estimates based on pyrosequencing by a factor of 10." -Hass et al. Chimeric 16S detection using chimera slayer

  3. Aerobic capacities in the heart, kidneys, and splanchnic organs of harbor seals: adaptations to diving hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuson, Amanda Lynn

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) have an elevated mitochondrial volume density [Vv(mt)] and citrate synthase (CS) and ?-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOAD) activity in their swimming muscles, to maintain aerobic metabolism, as an adaptation...

  4. Pinniped Predation in thePinniped Predation in the Bonneville Dam Tailrace, 20082010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (SSL) Eumetopias jubatus California sea lion (CSL) Harbor seal Phoca vitulina Zalophus californianus;#12;#12;CSL Chinook Catch by Location, 2010 #12;SSL Chinook Catch by Location, 2010 SSL Sturgeon Catch

  5. atlantic marine ecosystems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the Gulf of Alaska. According to the hypothesis, a dietary switch to prey of low energy content led to detrimental effects on the population of sea lions. A number of...

  6. a eonIalnmenl boom beWIg ilrelchecl by lno n.Nfla ...sseI /'boOn. FIshermen ...,,~ InaI spII c/ecnc), proyecIlo be QIJIck Ieomen..and ""*-eIIeeU.... In ~ COJfaFmenl boom._ _ .... CCIIIII.Iot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .750 weekly wage paid by Exxon's oil cleanup subcontrac- tors. Tent cities packed with hundreds of college students, divorced mothers, bachelors. and family men sprouted like dande- lions in every gravel pit

  7. aventis behring alpha: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thomas Behr 2011-12-16 This document describes how you can install the Secondo extensible DBMS on Mac OSX 10.7 (Lion). As a first step, you have:dna.fernuni-hagen.desecondo...

  8. areas k-25 x-10: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Behr 2011-12-16 This document describes how you can install the Secondo extensible DBMS on Mac OSX 10.7 (Lion). As a first step, you have:dna.fernuni-hagen.desecondofiles...

  9. Cross-country study on the promotion of new pharmaceutical products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Jayeeta

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailers are one of the most powerful components of pharmaceutical marketing. Drug manufactures spend a lion's share of their marketing budgets on their detailers, and with direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing coming under ...

  10. Guidance Systems Division ,

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Oockec No. 10-0772 22 OCT 1981 Bcndlx CorporaLion ' Guidance Systems Division , ATTN: Mr. Wf 11 la,,, Hnrr,,or Manngar, PlanL Englne0rtny Teterboro, New Jersey 07608 uwm STATES...

  11. Julia Riley

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Julia is a student representative to the board for FY 2013-14. She is a senior at Hardin Valley Academy, where she participates in the National Honor Society, Leo Club, a Lions Club organization,...

  12. THE Wild Cat BOOK E V E R Y T H I N G Y O U E V E R W A N T E D T O K N O W A B O U T C A T S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    press, 1427 east 60th st, Chicago il 60637. email: nlilly@press.uchicago.edu; telephone: 773 associate lions with the prey-rich, roll- ing short-grass plains of the Serengeti, but these conditions

  13. Habitat types of the Eastern Cross Timbers of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcy, Larry Eugene

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Limestone 42. Falls c9 CV Pj CV lO S o E tO N 0 UJ D 0 ? J2 lO E 0 P C vl o c 0 4 Vl 41 N ID A N (3) provide shelter, nest sites, and den sites which are virtually absent or widely scattered in adjacent prairie and cropland, (4... mmril chio OCO %CO CF ril IA m hl IO hl chl m wm mNNWNNLA m4 o' N o 4' c ch c&e mrn mLALo Io c- CD o c 0 wco hl hl N 0 4 0 0 I I 0 CO cFIIA LAO chN I COP LAIC O m LA CF Lfi ril rn co CFI O chio m I NCOOCO N N m IA IO LA CFI N CI IO I...

  14. Hot water decontamination of beef carcasses to increase microbiological safety and shelf-life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barakate, Michelle Lee

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : -:r . ~ &:: ? ri:~ 4 c:r l, &, ?a??. . ' ' !"-' &! ~i i 4?'&. " ~ li r, '?Pil ril i '. ' rl iit'~'. ~a', '. ''+, I";= t I t h( ii il HOT WATER DECONTAMINATION OF BEEF CARCASSES TO INCREASE MICROBIOLOGICAL SAFETY AND SHELF-LIFE A Thesis... by MICHELLE LEE BARKATE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology HOT WATER DECONTAMINATION...

  15. Performance Testing of Radiant Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, J. A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IOUIIATION HEAT FLUX 1 SAVINO SI(il(1QICUICE IIB ON ROOF DECK -1 -92 RB ON RIlTWS -1.88 NOW-RB -1 .B5 RB ON mp -1.71 NON-RB RB OW mP RB ON ROOQ DEK RB OW wms TARE 12 nm RwLn AWAGE HEAT QWXW mn NIOHT ROURS ROOT TMPeRATUReS - SDLAR 225, Atl8I TEUP r 87...

  16. Phenotypic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of Reproductive Stage Heat Tolerance in Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Richard Esten

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    population (n=121) for yield and yield components in the field that show co-localization with heat susceptibility index from the greenhouse .......... 137 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION: PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR GENETIC BREEDING STRATEGIES... and susceptible backgrounds. The working hypothesis is that major QTL regulating reproductive stage heat tolerance in wheat are stable across genetic backgrounds and in different environments. A comparative analysis combining genetic maps from both RIL...

  17. LIFE vs. LWR: End of the Fuel Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J C; Blink, J A; Shaw, H F

    2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The worldwide energy consumption in 2003 was 421 quadrillion Btu (Quads), and included 162 quads for oil, 99 quads for natural gas, 100 quads for coal, 27 quads for nuclear energy, and 33 quads for renewable sources. The projected worldwide energy consumption for 2030 is 722 quads, corresponding to an increase of 71% over the consumption in 2003. The projected consumption for 2030 includes 239 quads for oil, 190 quads for natural gas, 196 quads for coal, 35 quads for nuclear energy, and 62 quads for renewable sources [International Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0484, Table D1 (2006) p. 133]. The current fleet of light water reactors (LRWs) provides about 20% of current U.S. electricity, and about 16% of current world electricity. The demand for electricity is expected to grow steeply in this century, as the developing world increases its standard of living. With the increasing price for oil and gasoline within the United States, as well as fear that our CO2 production may be driving intolerable global warming, there is growing pressure to move away from oil, natural gas, and coal towards nuclear energy. Although there is a clear need for nuclear energy, issues facing waste disposal have not been adequately dealt with, either domestically or internationally. Better technological approaches, with better public acceptance, are needed. Nuclear power has been criticized on both safety and waste disposal bases. The safety issues are based on the potential for plant damage and environmental effects due to either nuclear criticality excursions or loss of cooling. Redundant safety systems are used to reduce the probability and consequences of these risks for LWRs. LIFE engines are inherently subcritical, reducing the need for systems to control the fission reactivity. LIFE engines also have a fuel type that tolerates much higher temperatures than LWR fuel, and has two safety systems to remove decay heat in the event of loss of coolant or loss of coolant flow. These features of LIFE are expected to result in a more straightforward licensing process and are also expected to improve the public perception of risk from nuclear power generation, transportation of nuclear materials, and nuclear waste disposal. Waste disposal is an ongoing issue for LWRs. The conventional (once-through) LWR fuel cycle treats unburned fuel as waste, and results in the current fleet of LWRs producing about twice as much waste in their 60 years of operation as is legally permitted to be disposed of in Yucca Mountain. Advanced LWR fuel cycles would recycle the unused fuel, such that each GWe-yr of electricity generation would produce only a small waste volume compared to the conventional fuel cycle. However, the advanced LWR fuel cycle requires chemical reprocessing plants for the fuel, multiple handling of radioactive materials, and an extensive transportation network for the fuel and waste. In contrast, the LIFE engine requires only one fueling for the plant lifetime, has no chemical reprocessing, and has a single shipment of a small amount of waste per GWe-yr of electricity generation. Public perception of the nuclear option will be improved by the reduction, for LIFE engines, of the number of shipments of radioactive material per GWe-yr and the need to build multiple repositories. In addition, LIFE fuel requires neither enrichment nor reprocessing, eliminating the two most significant pathways to proliferation from commercial nuclear fuel to weapons programs.

  18. Variation of direct-heat geothermal economics with project size

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Struhsacker, D.W.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparision of the economics of large, intermediate, and small direct-heat goethermal projects is presented. An attempt is made to define which types of direct-heat geothermal projects are most cost-efficient and produce the most energy for the least amount of money. The potential energy contribution of fourteen different sizes of direct heat projects is used to determine the number of projects of a given size required to produce 1 Quad of energy. The cost of developing 1 Quad of direct-heat geothermal energy from large, intermediate, and small projects is compared to the cost of 1 Quad of energy from conventional sources. The engineering and resource parameters controlling project size are defined. The development of large-scale projects is stressed as the way in which direct-heat geothermal energy can make the most significant contribution to the nation's energy requirements. (MJF)

  19. Broad area search for regions and objects of interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pope, Paul A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A quad chart provides an overview on the on-going project 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest' funded by the DOE Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development. Specifically, the quad chart shows: (1) Project title 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest'; (2) PI and Co-investigators; (3) Concept Panel outlining the project's approach built upon front-end scale-space image analysis; (4) Technical Challenges posed by the project, such as robustness, non-conformities, disparate spatial configuration and weak correlation between presence of objects of interest and low-level description of the surrounding geospatial background; and (5) Planned Accomplishment.

  20. Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings VIII: Integration of Building Envelopes Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Envelopes Proceedings This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable.34 and 0.37 quads are required for heating and cooling respectively (DOE Core Data Book, 2000 Improving Information Technology to Maximize Fenestration Energy Efficiency Dariush Arasteh, Robin Mitchell

  1. IDENTIFICATION Your Sample Box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    to Virginia Tech Soil Testing Lab, 145 Smyth Hall (MC 0465), 185 Ag Quad Ln, Blacksburg VA 24061, in sturdy, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Mn, Cu, Fe, B, and soluble salts) NoCharge $16.00 Organic Matter $4.00 $6.00 Fax with soil sample and form; make check or money order payable to "Treasurer, Virginia Tech." COST PER SAMPLE

  2. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Marla Sanchez, Gregory Homan, and Richard Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and providing valuable feedback. #12;4 Executive Summary ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency-labeling to date as well as projected future savings are shared with committed stakeholders. Through 2007, the program saved 7.1 Quads of primary energy and avoided 128 MtC equivalent. The forecast shows

  3. Potential impacts of energy efficiency policies in the U.S. industry: Results from the clean energy futures study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn

    2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future (CEF) studied the role that efficient clean energy technologies can play in meeting the economic and environmental challenges for our future energy supply. The study describes a portfolio of policies that would motivate energy users and businesses to invest in innovative energy efficient technologies. On the basis of the portfolios, two policy scenarios have been developed, i.e. a moderate scenario and an advanced scenario. We focus on the industrial part of the CEF-study. The studied policies include a wide scope of activities, which are organized under the umbrella of voluntary industrial sector agreements. The policies for the policy scenarios have been modeled using the National Energy Modeling System (CEF-NEMS). Under the reference scenario industrial energy use would grow to 41 Quads in 2020, compared to 34.8 Quads in 1997, with an average improvement of the energy intensity by 1.1% per year. In the Moderate scenario the annual improvement is a bout 1.5%/year, leading to primary energy use of 37.8 Quads in 2020, resulting in 10% lower CO2 emissions by 2020 compared to the reference scenario. In the Advanced scenario the annual improvement increases to 1.8% per year, leading to primary energy use of 34.3 Quads in 2020, and 29% lower CO2 emissions. We report on the policies, assumptions and results for industry.

  4. and Chemical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    is constructing a new building that will house the Department of Chemical Engineering and the DepartmentBiological and Chemical Engineering Building #12;2 Biological and Chemical Engineering Building sta and Engineering Quad, the new building will be part of a neighborhood of four buildings that house a community

  5. Lot Qualification of Chips for 3-in-1 Card The TileCal 3-in-1 card contains only 2 chips which showed evidence for radiation sensitivity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    showed evidence for radiation sensitivity in tests with ionizing radiation to 50 Krad. The design requirement is 10 Krad, including a safety factor of 5 and 10 years operation at design luminosity is a CMOS device and is a member of their MAX 7000 series. It has JTAG capability, is in a thin plastic quad

  6. 109 Chase Ave. 215 W. House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    - Book Store NC Northside Gravely Hospital Campus NC Neuro- Plant #1 Hospital Chiller Hospital Chiller Hill Whitehead Phillips OldWest Polk Place Murphey Grimes Battle Graham Chiller 1307 Craige James Koury Quad Graham Everett Stacy McCaskill Auditorium Chiller Center for Knapp-Sanders Cabin House Quail Hill

  7. IFC Meeting Agenda Monday, March 26, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    buffalo wings this Saturday. Pre-order's recommended, but they will be sold in the quad until they sell and first copies will go out Spring Term g. Junior Justice ­ Reid Greer i. T-Shirts? h. Advisor ­ Clay

  8. High-temperature electronics are needed to permit signal acquisition and feedback control in close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    circuit technology based on silicon car- bide (SiC). This wide-bandgap semiconductor has potential Semiconductor IC Symp., and the IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf.(CICC). #12;HHT212 Quad CMOS Precision, or cross- connected with the pull-up switches to form an H-bridge that can drive bipolar cur- rent through

  9. Sensors and Actuators Laboratory 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paden, Brad

    Sheet, LMC6484 CMOS Quad Rail-to-Rail Input and Output Operational Amplifier, National Semiconductor Wheatstone Bridge work? - Op Amp Review 1 Also spelled strain gauge. (Rev. 2007) #12;1. Build the analog) RSG = 350, the resistors2 on the remaining three arms of the Wheatstone bridge should be matched

  10. Menglong Zhu 3330 Walnut St, GRASP Lab, Levine 403 Mobile: 215-350-9218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    SIFT, PCA-SIFT, Harris, SURF, FAST Age and Gender Prediction on Human faceProjects · Won the first prize in course project competition(among about 80 students) Path planning via Quad-tree Decomposition-tree structure, 10 times faster than planar grid · Full planning pipeline within Gazebo simulation Computer

  11. General Behavioral Thermal Modeling and Characterization for Multi-core Microprocessor Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Sheldon X.-D.

    General Behavioral Thermal Modeling and Characterization for Multi-core Microprocessor Design Thom-performance multi-core microprocessor design. The new approach builds the thermal behavioral models from ability. Experimental results on a real quad-core microprocessor show that ThermSID is more accurate than

  12. World gas supply and demand: 1980-2020. Based on a study by the International Gas Union Force II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fish, L.W.; Kalisch, R.B.; Wingenroth, J.L.; Kirk, S.R.; Meeder, J.F.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If world oil prices and economic growth rates rise moderately (2%/yr) as assumed by the International Gas Union's Task Force II, world natural gas demand could increase from 1980's level of 52 quadrillion Btu to 74 quads by 1990 and 90 quads by 2000. Gas demand growth rates will peak at 4.5%/yr during 1980-85, then fall to 3.3%/yr in 1985-90, 2%/yr in the 1990s, and 1% after 2000, although the rates will differ substantially for various countries, regions, and sectors. World gas production (53 quads in 1980) could reach 90-120 quads by 2000 and 92-100 by 2020. The North American/European share of world production, however, will decline from 55% in 1980 to 37% by 1990 and to 27% in 2000. Although North America's conventional production in 2020 will be only 60% of its current level, the expected growth in unconventional output should push overall production up 12%. The world reserves/production ratio, now at 45 years, will drop to 31 years by 2000 and 29 by 2020; the respective world reserves estimates are 2621 and 2350 trillion CF.

  13. Stanford University Dept. of Project Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond, Jennifer L.

    to the Art Gallery Building, Along Lasuen Mall, and adjacent to Braun Corner in the Main Quad. · Material traffic. · The bike racks adjacent to Braun Corner will be closed through 6/23/14 · Westbound barrel AuditoriumFaculty Club Kingscote Gardens Braun Music Center Post Office Clubhouse Old Union 590 500 CTR 250

  14. MultiPurpose University High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    Post Office Campus Center Student Services Bachman Hall Bachman Hall Annexes Engineering Quad Porteus Addition Keller Hall Physical Science Building Pacific Ocean Science Technology Kuykendall Annex Bilger Hall Student Services Center Webster Hall Spalding Hall Snyder Hall Miller Hall Maile Way Annexes Under

  15. DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

    emittances is discussed. This method allows also the evaluation of the beam optical functions (Twiss - The 'scanning quad' method 1.1 General description The emittance and the Twiss parameters values are derived and analyzed in order to derive emittance and Twiss parameters. In § 1.3 it will be described how this analysis

  16. Neutrinos from Stored Muons STORM Target Station Conceptualg p

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    of quadrupole magnets and related power supplies/utilities - Water cooled collimators for quad protection horn stripline bus and power supply- Focusing horn, stripline bus, and power supply - Pair morgue for device cool-down · Functional civil construction enclosure consistent with providing thep g

  17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    -band radiometer provides high accuracy, moderate resolution ·JPL L-band radar provides high resolution and freeze radiometer & radar data yield high accuracy, high resolution soil moisture product ·670 km polar sun Mission Quad Chart Primary Science Objectives · Global, high-resolution mapping of soil moisture and its

  18. US gas line contract carriage on the rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America reports contract carriage moved 84% of the gas delivered to U.S. markets in 1991, up from 79% the previous year. Carriage for market transportation for distributors, end users, and marketers totaled 15.2 quadrillion BTU, a 13% increase from the 13.4 quads reported at the end of 1990. Ingaa the growth in carriage volumes has slowed. This year's 13% increase is lower than the 28% growth in carriage volumes from 1988 to 1989 and the 72% from 1986 to 1987. Total natural gas delivered to market was 18 quads in 1991, an increase of 5% from the 1990 level of 17.1 quads. Pipeline sales accounted for only 16% of the gas delivered to market in 1991. They dropped 0.8 quads, or 22%, from 1990 levels. Ingaa the while the market relies heavily on carriage throughout the year, reliance on carriage is somewhat heavier as has been the case since 1986 during the off peak season in April-September.

  19. Simulated Worlds: Doing Science with Computers Computer Science, Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Albany, North Shore, Auckland, New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawick, Ken

    on a complex simulation problem. Figure 7: A Modern GPU supporting a quad-core processor (left) and a blade to a particular theoretical prediction which we can then test. Simulated Worlds One of the best known applications than possible with ordinary processors. Modern architectures also make use of "blade" cabinets, where

  20. Rear-Projecting Virtual Data onto Physical Terrain: An Exercise in Two Senses Being Better Than One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Mike

    a computer-displayed 3D terrain map were not sufficient. We wanted to create more insight data set for POW that could be used for the 3D model, we had to merge seven USGS quads (Figure 3): Port shuttle (courtesy of the Earthrise project) showing POW Island from 182 nautical miles. Figure 2: POW

  1. Low Temperature Facility Annual Technical Report (April 1, 2007 -March 31, 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    generator and helium gas is liquefied in the KOCH make1610S system. Besides the main cryogenic plants, LTF operates and maintains other auxiliary equipment such as: Helium feed gas compressors, Helium recovery gas), High pressure cylinders (about 1060 cylinders packed in 19 Quads), Mass Spectrometer Leak Detector

  2. A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    A Female Homo erectus Pelvis from Gona, Ethiopia Scott W. Simpson,1,2 Jay Quade,3 Naomi E. Levin,4 of Gona, Afar, Ethiopia. This obstetrically capacious pelvis demonstrates that pelvic shape in H. erectus), in the Gona Paleoanthropological Research Project study area in the Afar Regional State, Ethiopia (Fig. 1

  3. Dupont-Nivet, G., Sier, M., Campisano, C.J., Arrowsmith, J R., DiMaggio, E., Reed, K., Lockwood, C., Franke, C., and Hsing, S., 2008, Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoenvironments, in Quade, J., and Wynn, J.G., eds Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin and climatic context. The Plio- cene Hadar Basin in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia (Fig. 1) includes some

  4. Design and Analysis of Dynamic Thermal Management in Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeo, In Choon

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and Dell PowerEdge 2950 (dual Intel Xeon E5310 Quad-Core) system, running applications ranging from multimedia applications to several benchmarks. Experiments results show that our DTM scheme reduces the peak temperature by 8% with 0.54% performance...

  5. Inside this issue: Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    the movies: Food Inc., Re- venge of the Electric Car and Your Environmental Road Trip (YERT), plus from 10am to 2pm. There will be a movie, Re- venge of the Electric Car, in Dutch Quad penthouse at 7, AC adapters , answering machines, box of wires, caller ID boxes, cell phones/car phones, telephones

  6. File system, SaveRestore and Sequencer for LINAC2, DESY2, PETRA3 and FLASH,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    File system, SaveRestore and Sequencer for LINAC2, DESY2, PETRA3 and FLASH, a status report Jürgen 4 #12;Basic principle of "Machine file system" disk save rings linacs · `set points' · `read-back' values · position Quads · position Beam · etc. machine file restore More features: ·compare: between file

  7. INTRODUCTION Pedogenic (secondary) calcium carbonate is,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    INTRODUCTION Pedogenic (secondary) calcium carbonate is, by definition, a product of soil processes of calcium for pe- dogenic calcium carbonate (Gile et al., 1979). In regard to the source of the carbonate; Cerling et al., 1989; Quade et al., 1989). Because pedogenic calcium carbonate is read- ily soluble, its

  8. Page 1 of 2 Welcome to Just CAUSES!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    . MORE CAUSES Installs Ward 8 Urban Aquaponics Project CAUSES celebrated the launch of a neighborhood-sized aquaponics facil- ity located in the southeastern quad- rant of Washington, D.C. The project is the result was attended by representa- tives from USDA, the D.C. Govern- ment, UDC and the community. The new aquaponics

  9. Exeter College. Oxford 02.03.12 Max Fordham LLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    .3 Regional and Local Policy 5 3.0 Energy Strategy 6 3.1 Our Approach 6 3.2 Using Less Energy 7 3.3 Supplying College. The Sustainability and Energy Strategy sections set out the requirements for sustainable building 267 5161 www.smaxfordham.com A New Quad at Walton Street Sustainability, Energy and Noise Statement

  10. U.S. Energy Flow - 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaiper, G V

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has prepared similar flow charts of U.S. energy consumption since 1972. The chart follows the flow of individual fuels and compares these on the basis of a common energy unit of quadrillion British thermal units (Btu). A quadrillion, or ''quad,'' is 10{sup 15}. One Btu is the quantity of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 F at or near 39.2 F. The width of each colored line across this chart is in proportion to the amount of quads conveyed. (Exception: lines showing extremely small amounts have been made wide enough to be clearly visible.) In most cases, the numbers used in this chart have been rounded to the nearest tenth of a quad, although the original data was published in hundredths or thousandths of a quad. As a consequence of independent rounding, some of the summary numbers may not appear to be a precise total of their various components. The first chart in this document uses quadrillion Btu's to conform with data from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). However, the second chart is expressed in exajoules. A joule is the metric unit for heat. One Btu equals 1,055.06 joules; and one quadrillion Btu's equals 1.055 exajoules (an exajoule is 10{sup 18} joules).

  11. A SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET UPGRADE OF THE ATF2 FINAL B. Parker#, M. Anerella, J. Escallier, P. He, A. Jain, A. Marone, P. Wanderer, KC. Wu (BNL),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    tube [2]. The coils are wound as multi-layer Serpentine style coil patterns using computer controlled Direct Wind technology developed at BNL [3]. The quad and sextupole coil patterns, formed from seven-strand round (about 1 mm diameter) cable, are shown in Figure 1. The sextupole coil was wound in two Serpentine

  12. MAGNITUDE OF IMPERVIOUS SURFACES IN URBAN AREAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    Quality Database NURP Nationwide Urban Runoff Program P Phosphorus PLSS Public Land Survey System QA Chemical Oxygen Demand DCIA Directly Connected Impervious Areas DOQQ Digital Ortho Quarter Quads EIA Total Suspended Solids USDA Unite States Department of Agriculture USGS Unites States Geological Survey

  13. ISSN 0192-8651 J O U R N A L O F

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    , in close agreement with existing experiments and theory, and 0.5% ionization. This result provides agreement with published results for experimentally reported Ups. In addition to this, we provide Alamos's Lobo supercomputer (a 38TFLOPSs Linux HPC with Quad-core AMD Opteron nodes interconnected

  14. Spec Towns Track Family & Graduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Barrow Clark Howell Geology Lab Bookstore Reed Milledge Payne Memorial Hall Instructional Plaza Administration Hodgson Oil Building 1 Veterinary Medicine 2 Peabody New College Law School Hosch Law Library WILLIAMSST Waddel Pharmacy South Performing Arts Geography/ Geology Georgia Quad WADDELL ST Public Service

  15. Energy, Cost-Savings, and Pollution-Reduction Impacts of Industrial Programs Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weakley, S. A.; Friedman, K.

    air pollution and carbon emission reductions. This paper discusses the most recent PNNL review (conducted in 2002). From 1976-2001, the commercialized technologies from OIT's R&D programs and other OIT activities have cumulatively saved 3.4 quads...

  16. Functional recovery of a resilient hospital type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, C. Alan; Noakes, Catherine J.; Gilkeson, Carl A.; Fair, Alistair

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    process Steady-state airflow simulations were run in parallel on a high performance computing cluster with 16 pro- cessors (2 × dual-quad core 2.26 GHz Nahalem pro- cessors and 24 Gb of SDD RAM) using Fluent, version 13.0 (Ansys Inc., 2013, http...

  17. LATEX Command Summary \\\\* terminates a line, but disallo* *ws a pagebreak.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    . \\angle is 6_(math mode). \\> in tabbing environment is a forward tab. Otherwise, medium space = 2_9quad oth-\\` in tabbing environment moves* * all text which ers belong to plain TEX; no attempt sign: #. environment, as 'o. \\$ prints a dollar sign: $. \\a

  18. Understanding and Mitigating Multicore Performance Issues on the AMD OpteronTM Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    TM Architecture John Levesque, Jeff Larkin, Martyn Foster, Joe Glenski, Garry Geissler, Stephen Whalen Cray Inc on the AMD OpteronTM Architecture Abstract Over the past 15 years, microprocessor performance has doubled-core and dual-core and upcoming quad-core processor architectures. This is followed by a discussion of methods

  19. A Practical Visual Servo Control for an Unmanned Aerial N. GUENARD, T. HAMEL, and R. MAHONY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with respect to the robot and results in a Cartesian motion planning problem. This approach requires dynamics of the system using control Lyapunov function design techniques. Experimental results on a quad and performance of the proposed control strategy. Keywords: Image based visual servo (IBVS), Aerial Robotic

  20. 9/18/09 2:24 PMSLAC Today, Tuesday -August 18, 2009 Page 1 of 7http://today.slac.stanford.edu/a/2009/08-18.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    Implications for Our Energy Future Aug 19 (1:30 p.m.) Theory Seminar: Dark Matter and the Transient Sky Aug 19://today.slac.stanford.edu/a/2009/08-18.htm A Kid's Day participant launches a soda bottle water rocket. (Photo by Nicholas Bock by different lab departments, launching water rockets in the main quad, making liquid nitrogen ice cream

  1. STUDENT HEALTH & COUNSELING SERVICES RESOURCE GUIDE Student Health Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Chuan

    950 E 61st Street, Suite 300A DCAM Pharmacy 5758 S. Maryland Ave., 3B M­F 9 AM ­ 5 PM Appointments THEATRE ACC. BUILDING LASR HEP HINDS SEARLE JONES KENT RYERSON ECKHART QUAD CLUB "NUCLEAR ENERGY" ORIENTAL "NUCLEAR ENERGY" ORIENTAL INSTITUTE ROCKEFELLER CHAPEL IDA NOYES HALL HARPER CENTER LABORATORY SCHOOLS

  2. The evolution of a disparity decision in human visual cortex Benoit R. Cottereau a,b,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The evolution of a disparity decision in human visual cortex Benoit R. Cottereau a,b, , Justin M, France b CNRS, CerCo, Toulouse, France c School of Psychology and Neuroscience, St Mary's Quad, South, Building 01-420, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e

  3. Investigation of Cooling and Dehumidification Energy Use and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Polk County Schools Permanent Replacement Classroom Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, N. A.; Cummings, J. B.; Chasar, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . To this end, the Florida's Polk County School Board has developed a four-quad permanent replacement classroom building. Each classroom is equipped with a package terminal heat pump (PTHP) with a thermostat control with a four-hour crank timer. The objective...

  4. 2013 WEEKLY BULLETIN DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY, NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

    -MS-MS and GC-MS. Experience running high resolution accurate mass spectrometers such as Orbitrap or Q Spectrometers with Thermo and Dionex UPLC; Waters TQD Triple-quad Mass with Acquity UPLC; Thermo Trace 1300 GC at the graduate and undergraduate levels and provide service to the University, Department and professional

  5. Yield learning model for integrated circuit package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramaniam, Gaurishankar

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the Plastic Quad Flat Pack and the Ceramic Ball Grid Array at IBM, and the Plastic Ball Grid Array at Motorola. This model has been used as a management toot for making yield predictions, resource allocations, understanding operating practices and provide what...

  6. Wildland Fire Data: Issues and Proposed Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, Kendall Carothers

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Quadrangle USGS 7 1/2 - minute quad- rangle map (USGS 1972) illustrating corrections due to the earth's curvature and measurement error in the USPLS. Shown are townships (sections) T25NR13E, T25NR14E, T24NR13E, T24NR14E, T25NR13E(35, 36...

  7. The end of the age of oil David Goodstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    (99 Quads) #12;Fossil Fuels Oil Natural gas Shale oil Methane hydrate Coal #12;Coal Hundreds, maybeOut of Gas The end of the age of oil David Goodstein Portland State University November 14, 2008 #12;Energy Myths $4.00 a gallon is too much to pay for gasoline Oil companies produce oil. We must

  8. Zero Energy Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impact of 4.1 quadrillion BTU (quads) of primary energy 1 .systems with U-factors of 0.1 Btu/hr-ft²-°F Dynamic windows:for 1 quadrillion (10 15 ) Btu = 1.056 EJ. percent (Apte,

  9. The current status of the U.S. MTBE industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, G.M. [Global Octanes Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the status of the MTBE industry from its beginnings as a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments and the need for the use of oxygenates in non-attainment areas. During 1990--93 three world scale merchant plants were constructed and in 1994 two more were brought on stream. The paper tabulates reasons why MTBE gained the lion`s share of the oxygenates market. Finally the paper discusses the problems that now plague the industry and their causes.

  10. Macrogeographic variation of nuclear microsatellite loci in an endangered species, Eumetopiias jubatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trujillo, Robert Greg

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in 1989 (Loughlin et al. , 1992). Population numbers in the United States have declined by about 75'/o over the past 20 years (Calkins et al. , 1999). As a result of this decline, the Steller sea lion was listed as threatened under the United States... sea lions have declined in numbers. Pascual and Adkison (1994) used deterministic and stochastic This thesis follows the style and format of the Journal of Mammalogy. ga agg $R'ggc. g co ca pm l al ac aa ca Eca Og ~O, ~Ape a g g gp al cl v...

  11. A review of "Shifting Priorities: Gender and Genre in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting." by Nanette Salomon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellen Konowitz

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will also be of great interest to readers outside the field of Dutch art history as well as to those in it. The book consists of nine essays, all but one focused primarily on one or two works of art. The paintings of Jan Vermeer and Jan Steen receive... the lion?s share of attention, while several chapters explore the images of other artists including Adriaen van Ostade, Jan Miense Molenaer, and Gerard ter Borch. The essays serve as commentary on each other?s method. Thus, a more traditional study...

  12. The Riemann Geometry of Space and Gravitational Waves With The Spin $s=1$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arkady Z. Dolginov

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    It is taken into account that not the Ricci tensor ${R_{il}}$ (Einstein equation), but the Riemann tensor ${R_{iklm}}$ provides the most general description of the space geometry. If ${{R_{il}}=0}$ (the space empty with matter, but it can be occupied by gravitational waves) then ${{R_{iklm}}={C_{iklm}}} $ . The tensor ${C_{iklm}}$ is the Weyl tensor, which disappears by conversion:${{R_{il}}={g^{km}}{R_{iklm}}}$ and we lose all information about the space structure, which is described by ${C_{iklm}}$ .The symmetry of ${R_{il}}$ provides the existents of gravitational waves with the spin s=2. We show that ${C_{iklm}}$ describes gravitational waves with s=1. Such gravitational waves can be created in inhomogeneous media, where the selected directions are determined by derivates of the energy-momentum tensor ${T^m}_{i,k}$ of matter. It is taken into account that gravitation is described not only by the metric tensor $g^{ik} = (1/2)(\\gamma^i \\gamma^k + \\gamma^k \\gamma^i)$, but also by the anti-symmetric tensor $\\sigma^{ik} = (i/2)({\\gamma^i}{\\gamma^k} - {\\gamma^k}{\\gamma^i})$, where ${\\gamma^k}(x)$ are Clifford matrices. We show that the tensor ${K_{ik}} = (1/4){\\sigma^{lm}} {R_{iklm}}$, is the anty-simmetric analog to the Ricci tensor. The ${K_{lm}}$ describes various kinds of space metrics, not described by the Ricci tensor. It includes the Weyl tensor ${C_{iklm}}$, because $\\sigma^{lm} {C_{lmik}}$ is not zero.

  13. Time of growth of Opelika Dome, Henderson and Van Zandt counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Thomas Lowe

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have crevented the entrapment of oil and gas in beds of the Gul" series within the limits of the Opelika field. e -li lo:: . 'ii , rtit". F. r r ' J -!:e l' r i!. 1 e! l, el 'i 1 ~ . . C I . f . e' ' '. I'. re J, ' I Ie !. Ce!' li... &ril Company un. '. t? e "eaboard Qil Company, encoura! ec by ths results c'f seismic studies, uc:, . irerr leases over the Gpelika nome. 'I'heir field discovery well~ rlo, 1 ci lreuth and Suggettr I'ound oil in the ur p&r part of t!. s Glen Bose...

  14. Comparative analyses for the prediction of streamflow from small watershed by use of digitized radar data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braatz, Dean Thomas

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in this study. (Source: ARS, USDA, Chickasha, Oklahoma) N 149 Cy ril 147 154 125 ~ q q ~ ~l. t 124 130 \\ 522 l g 131' ~ 132 $ 133 Ninnekah if l, 134 135 VCement 151 ~+ f 150 14'e 181 144 153 182 r 156 Fletcher 161 160 f59 0 5 Rush Springs Scale..., Agriculture Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Chickasha, Oklahoma, for two small sub-basins within the larger experimen- tal watershed of the Washita River basin. The actual rainfall values collected by the ARS network...

  15. A Study in Sorghum Bicolor: QTL Analysis of Photoperiod Sensitive Sorghums, Evaluation of Sorghum x Sugarcane Hybrids and Trait Introgression for Intergeneric Hybrid Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartek, Matthew Scott

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    flowering than R07020. The initial hybrid of these lines was produced under short days in Puerto Rico; all subsequent generations were advanced via head to row random selection in winter nurseries in Guayanilla, PR. A total of 100 F2:5 RILs were... within the population. Finally, a true short-day environment was planted in Guayanilla, PR on December 22, 2011. In this season, day lengths were less than 12 hours through most of the production season; therefore timing of 14 transition...

  16. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    also looked into the ongoing takings permitting process that the states of Idaho, Oregon and Washington-listed salmon, eligible entities (i.e., states and tribes) may apply for a permit for the lethal taking of sea lions in the Columbia River and its tributaries. · The Secretary must approve or deny the permit

  17. NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set Record; Fish Consumption Down The United States exported $2.2 bil lion worth of seafood in 1988, making it the best year ever, and beating the 1987 record export figure by 37 per cent, the National Oceanic and Atmos pheric Administration (NOAA

  18. tarcan Macus cl al., ctls., Logic. Mcthorfttkrgy nnd I'hihrsoplry of Scicncc Vll @ Elsevier Sciencc Publislers lJ.V. (198) l4-158

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maass, Wolfgang

    - lions. For cxarnplc onc slutJics for com¡rulalions o¡t a Inalhc¡t¡alical compuler model thc conrputalion schemes for some strongly NP-complete problems that arise e.g. in robotics. In Seclion 4 we survey a proof

  19. FINITE-ENERGY SIGN-CHANGING SOLUTIONS WITH DIHEDRAL SYMMETRY FOR THE STATIONARY NON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacard, Frank

    of infinitely many nonradial solutions in any dimension N 2. Our result complements earlier works of Bartsch and Lions [3], [4], Bartsch and Willem [1] for further references and motivations. Obviously (1 some (almost nec- essary) growth condition on f (we also refer to the work of Bartsch and Willem [2

  20. REGULARITY RESULTS FOR STOKES TYPE SYSTEMS Mohammed Ziane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziane, Mohammed

    results for strongly elliptic boundary value problems in cylinder­type domains with nonhomogeneous by the hydrodynamic and thermodynamic equations under Coriolis forces. Lions, Temam and Wang used the approximation component of the wind force (the drag force) exerted on the surface of the ocean. Horizontal wind force

  1. SPIN DENSITY OF THE CANTED MOMENT IN 03B1-Fe2O3 (1) By S. J. PICKART,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    avec des neutrons polarisés. On trouve que cette densité diffère de celle de l'ion Fe3+. Abstract. 2014 neutrons and found to differ from that of the Fe3+ ion. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 25, MAI 1964, as established by the original neutron diffraction measurements [3], consists of the Fe3 ~ spins in each (111

  2. Cotton Insects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaines, J. C.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................ Lace-winged Fly or Aphid Lion ........................................ Big-eyed Bugs .......................................................................... Hooded Beetle ............... ........... ...................................... Soft... was reported in 1793. It is not able to sur- vive the winter in any part of the United States. .\\pparently infestations always originate from [lights of moths from Central America. Never- theless, the leafworm occurs in some section of the Cotton Belt...

  3. www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Mark D.

    www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources Robert J. Kamilli and Mark D. Barton about $500 bil- lion to the U.S. gross domestic product. Even if it produced no mineral resources whatso it is the world's largest consumer of mineral resources. Responsible and sustain- able utilization of mineral

  4. Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    43 Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where? RECENTLY, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL Institutes of Health (NIH) allocated $190 mil- lion for an "Epigenomics" Roadmap initiative (1 to equate the value of this Roadmap initiative with the Human Genome Project, it fails on several grounds

  5. Aquatic Mammals 2000, 26.1, 7682 Effect of ration size and meal frequency on assimilation and digestive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and digestive efficiency in yearling Steller sea lions, Eumetopiasjubatus David A. S. Rosen, Laura Williams., Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 124, Canada Abstract Assimilation and digestive efficiencies were measured% of body mass) at three frequencies (2, 3, or 4 times daily). Assimilation efficiency (dry matter digestive

  6. As Turkey hosts the northernmost part of the `Fertile Crescent', where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    of hydroelectric power plants (HEPPs) and the dams that they require. In 2007, the state hydraulic works, which's running waters will be dammed at some point, with a total of 4,000 facilities (including power plants with cheetahs and even lions, although the latter two became extinct in the 19th century. Developing threats

  7. Columbia University Opportunities to Gain Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    Columbia University Opportunities to Gain Experience There are myriad ways to build experience Sciences at Columbia University offers on-campus research opportunities for the summer term Dec. 13 - March careereducation.columbia.edu Join LionSHARE ­ CCE's internship/job board Double Discovery Center Volunteer

  8. Renewable Energy Institute International (REII): Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-387

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, D.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL will provide the Renewable Energy Institute with detailed on-site biomass gasifier syngas monitoring, using the NREL transportable Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometer. This information will be used to optimize the parameters of the gasifier operation, insuring the quality of the syngas made in the Red Lion Bioenergy gasifier and its compatibility with catalytic conversion to fuels.

  9. In-Vehicle Testing and Computer Modeling of Electric Vehicle Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chao-Yang

    In-Vehicle Testing and Computer Modeling of Electric Vehicle Batteries B. Thomas, W.B. Gu, J was performed for both VRLA and NiMH batteries using Penn State University's electric vehicle, the Electric Lion and hybrid-electric vehicles. A thorough understanding of battery systems from the point of view

  10. The Media and Reserve Library, located on the lower level west wing, has over 13,000 videotapes, DVDs and audiobooks covering a multitude of subjects. Below is a listing of titles currently available on the topic of Theater. For more information on these

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Menagerie VHS-2396 Go Tell it on the Mountain DVD-6113 Golden Age of Television DVD-5017 Greek Drama: From of Reilly DVD-6769 Lift Every Voice 1900-1924 VHS-3438 Lillian Russell DVD-2129 Page 2 6/17/2014 #12;Lion

  11. Remediation of CO2 Leakage from Deep Saline Aquifer Storage Based on Reservoir and Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Remediation of CO2 Leakage from Deep Saline Aquifer Storage Based on Reservoir and Pollution Hazards and Safety of CO2 Storage" Division, Orléans, FRANCE www.brgm.fr References Audigane, P., Chiaberge, C., Lions, J., Humez, P., 2009. Modeling of CO2 leakage through an abandoned well from a deep

  12. Bronx Zoo Fuel Cell Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoang Pham

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A 200 kW Fuel Cell has been installed in the Lion House, Bronx Zoo, NY. The Fuel Cell is a 200 kW phosphoric acid type manufactured by United Technologies Corporation (UTC) and will provide thermal energy at 725,000 Btu/hr.

  13. Volume II, Issue 7 your connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    .S. Department of Energy's Office of Science Fuel Cell Research Wins R&D 100 Award A Brookhaven research team for use in fuel cells. Their work could make future fu in over 10 mil- lion diagnostic medical proce- dures and 100 million labo- ratory tests every year. Ion

  14. Biomass IBR Fact Sheet: Renewable Energy Institute International

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Red Lion Bio-Energy and Pacific Renewable Fuels, is demonstrating a pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery for the production of high-quality, synthetic diesel fuels from agriculture and forest residues using advanced thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies.

  15. Development of a long-term durability specification for polymer modified asphalt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Won Jun

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    through MnRoad)............................................................................................... 42 Figure II-18. ?* Hardening Rate for ER Aged Binders (Lion through Valero)........ 42 Figure II-19. GPC Chromatograms for Koch PG 64...-22............................................ 44 Figure II-20. GPC Chromatograms for Koch PG 70-22............................................ 44 Figure II-21. GPC Chromatograms for Koch PG 76-22............................................ 45 Figure II-22. GPC Chromatograms for Mn...

  16. 1 The Chimera Method for a model problem Franco Brezzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brezzi, Franco

    1 The Chimera Method for a model problem Franco Brezzi , Jacques Louis Lions ¡ , and Olivier¥ Universit´e Pierre et Marie Curie pironneau@ann.jussieu.fr 1.1 Introduction The Chimera method [10 around a two-pieces airfoil, namely the solution of ¢¡¤£¦¥ with Dirichlet data by the Chimera method (i

  17. Settimana italiana TRIESTE -REGENSBURG -TRIESTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Settimana italiana TRIESTE - REGENSBURG - TRIESTE Italienische Kulturwochen Regensburg 5. Oktober - 28. November 2012 Mittwoch, 28. November, 19.30 Uhr Buchvorstellung und Lesung Mauro Covacich: Triest, 19.30 Uhr Vernissage Pinocchio: un italiano nel mondo mit dem Chor Lions Singers, Trieste, Leitung

  18. 26 IEEE power & energy magazine september/october 2009 1540-7977/09/$26.002009 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    26 IEEE power & energy magazine september/october 2009 Balance of Power 1540 options (coal, gas, hydro, biomass, wind) available but unevenly distributed among the countries. Hence will require about US$90 bil- lion of investment in the power sector in the next ten years

  19. Primitive Land Plants 37 PRIMITIVE LAND PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koptur, Suzanne

    Primitive Land Plants 37 PRIMITIVE LAND PLANTS These are the plants that were present soon after land was colonized, over 400 mil- lion years ago. A few plants living today are closely related to those ancient plants, and we often call them "living fossils". Two major lineages of plants evolved

  20. 11march2007 Blowing in the wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genton, Marc G.

    in Scotland, the largest in the USA is planned for southern California, and the biggest offshore wind farm in development) can take advantage of stronger ocean breezes. Just over 15 offshore wind farms are currently a planned 1000 MW at a capital cost of £2 bil- lion. Most offshore wind farms are located in water less than

  1. York University was founded in March 1959, and is now Canada's 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOUNDED York University was founded in March 1959, and is now Canada's 3rd largest university campuses located in the heart of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada's largest metropolis. STUDENTS · 55 and social life at York is one of the richest in Canada. In 2010, the York University Lions men's soccer team

  2. Robert W. SchoDlng Joh n L. Baxter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $114 bil- lion of 1970. Per-capita food consumption likely will show another significant increase as population, prices, and per-capita con- sumptioncontinue torise. An expected, large gain of 8% in consumers is for slightly lower consumption. Fishery Products The U.S. market for fishe ry products re- mained strong during

  3. The political aspects of institutional developments in the water sector: South Africa and its international river

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    (meaning the Lion). He left an indelible imprint on my life. His love of the wide-open spaces of this continent, and his intense pride at being an African in every sense of the word (he spent his childhood became intensely interested in river basins and the complex web of life that they support as they meander

  4. Ecological Applications, 20(3), 2010, pp. 783788 2010 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    in elasticity patterns for four populations of California sea lions. Short-term stochastic elasticities were analyses that are used to guide management and should use caution in generalizing elasticity patterns-specific population models to quantify the relative contributions of vital rates (fertility, survival, and so on

  5. IN THIS ISSUE: NOV. 17-21 1. CCE Employer News -Learn more about opportunities with Raytheon, and suggest an employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    IN THIS ISSUE: NOV. 17-21 1. CCE Employer News - Learn more about opportunities with Raytheon with Raytheon. A leader in the aerospace and defense industry, Raytheon will be on-campus on Dec. 5 to meet Engineer (Full Time) ­ LionSHARE Job ID: 160299 You can also learn more about Raytheon by stopping

  6. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which mayTrends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 May 29, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This chap- ter rst

  7. A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which mayA Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 April 14, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This pa- per rst

  8. FYI: January 3, 1980 - June 30, 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ary ,,,ill J.::e loc;J t ecl . LSCfP - Hj IlU LE,s of the ~1dd . Cons t ruction \\{ jll Lukc' "tout: six mo nth s . TI: :is hope d t:hat there \\Jil l Le a d(]C!icd lion (jf t he f...

  9. Prototyping Tangible Input Devices with Digital Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Björn

    have previously investigated the benefits of tangibility in How Bodies Matter. 3D printing holds users of 3D printing can currently create such objects. For example, we surveyed the the online in this last sector are typically experts in PCB design and design for 3D printing. "Iconic Lion at the Steps

  10. Architectural Elements and Sculptures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents the architecture and sculpture from the late Roman (2nd-3rd century CE) synagogue at Nabratein in the Upper Galilee region of Israel. Of particular interest is the pediment for a Torah shrine decorated with two rampant lions....

  11. ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014 SK1_SEM - Smart City Manager per Ricercatori nella Smart City Docente: Prof. R. Laurini Professore emerito all'INSA di Lione Fellow del Knowledge preferenze dei clienti orientano le vendite promozionali ICT nella Smart City · 1 ­ Generalità sulle Smart

  12. THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF A CALIFORNIA SEA LION, ZAWPHUS of entangled northern fur 'Scordino. J., and R. Fisher. 1983. Invelltigations on fur seal entanglement in net of plastic litter on beaches of several Alaskan islands. Using the number of net fragments found on shore

  13. Why Information Sciences and Technology?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by integrating disciplines from economics, to psychology, to cyber-security, and bringing together a variety · Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust (The LIONS Center) · Center for Human are Making an Impact Alumni of IST's graduate programs are emerging to become thought leaders in the academic

  14. Eos, Vol. 87, No. 26, 27 June 2006 The production of heat by radioactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Seth

    and used to identify neu- trino interactions by reconstructing their energy and position. The challenge come from nuclear beta decay in the Earth, but they also can be produced by similar processes in the Sun and nuclear reactors. The Earth is glowing with neutrinos. Mil- lions of these uncharged

  15. Higher Dimensional Coulomb Gases and Renormalized Energy Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Louis Lions, Paris, F-75005 France & Courant Institute, New York University, 251 Mercer st, NY NY 10012, USAHigher Dimensional Coulomb Gases and Renormalized Energy Functionals N. Rougerie and S. Serfaty extract the next to leading order term in the ground state energy, beyond the mean-field limit. We show

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate to predict metabolism 2010 / Published online: 12 August 2010 Ó Springer-Verlag 2010 Abstract The ability to use heart rate of physiological, behavioral, and environmental states. Keywords Steller sea lion Á Heart rate Á Oxygen consumption

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate to predict metabolism 2010 Ó Springer-Verlag 2010 Abstract The ability to use heart rate (fh) to predict oxygen consumption, and environmental states. Keywords Steller sea lion Á Heart rate Á Oxygen consumption Á Heat increment of feeding Á

  18. Radiation Exposure From Medical Imaging Time to Regulate?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    modalities such as positron-emission tomography CT (PET/CT), single- photon emission CT (SPECT/CT), and tomography (CT) scan. In 1980 fewer than 3 million CT scans were per- formed, but the annual number now approaches 80 mil- lion and is increasing by approximately 10% per year.2 Be- cause CT scanning involves

  19. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1998 news and views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    as a counter-strategy to senescence. Accordingtothis`goodmother'theory,"...if the mother has more babies (with ceasing reproduction to rear their last-born young. Thus, lion-cub survival does not decline with maternal age, and, in baboons, survival of infants from old mothers (19­24 years) is just slightly less

  20. Climate adaptation, local institutions, and rural livelihoods: A comparative study of herder communities in Mongolia and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel G.

    communities in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China Jun Wang *, Daniel G. Brown, Arun Agrawal School of Natural, including most parts of Mongolia and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR), China. About 84% (1.26 mil- lion km2 ) and 66% (0.78 million km2 ) of the total areas of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, respectively

  1. In 1972, Congress enacted the MMPA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Wildlife Service are the lead federal agencies for enforcing this law to protect marine mammals. The MMPA into the air. This will help prevent marine debris and keep the ocean clean and healthy. · Tell your families protects all whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, porpoises, manatees, polar bears, otters, and walruses

  2. Homogenization of a Multiscale Viscoelastic Model with Nonlocal Damping, Application to the Human Lungs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lungs PAUL CAZEAUX, Laboratoire J.­L. Lions, UMR 7598, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 4 Place of the deformation of the human lung tissue, called the lung parenchyma, during the respiration process bronchi and enters the lungs. It is then distributed by the bronchial tree to the acini or alveolar

  3. Economic Trends of Texas Cattle Feeding.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uvacek, Edward Jr.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Feedlots ................................. 13 ........................................................... Capacities 15 Feedlot Marketings ..................................................... 17... meat marketing industry. The population of Texas has risen from 3 mil- lion persons in 1900 to almost 10 million by 1960. The tremendous expansion came after 1940. During this same period the typical Texas consumer's tastes and preferences have...

  4. BODEGA MARINE LABORATORY AND RESERVE Procedures & Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    from the Reserve Staff to walk on the Reserve (this includes the sand dunes near the housing facilities. Abandoned seal and sea lion pups should be left alone. Mothers of these pups are probably out hunting and will return in several hours. Report abandoned pups and injured mammals to the Reserve Staff or Main Office

  5. Geopressured energy availability. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Near- and long-term prospects that geopressured/geothermal energy sources could become a viable alternative fuel for electric power generation were investigated. Technical questions of producibility and power generation were included, as well as economic and environmental considerations. The investigators relied heavily on the existing body of information, particularly in geotechnical areas. Statistical methods were used where possible to establish probable production values. Potentially productive geopressured sediments have been identified in twenty specific on-shore fairways in Louisiana and Texas. A total of 232 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of dissolved methane and 367 x 10/sup 15/ Btu (367 quads) of thermal energy may be contained in the water within the sandstone in these formations. Reasonable predictions of the significant reservoir parameters indicate that a maximum of 7.6 TCF methane and 12.6 quads of thermal energy may be producible from these potential reservoirs.

  6. Challenges of Algebraic Multigrid across Multicore Architectures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, A H; Gamblin, T; Schulz, M; Yang, U M

    2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Algebraic multigrid (AMG) is a popular solver for large-scale scientific computing and an essential component of many simulation codes. AMG has shown to be extremely efficient on distributed-memory architectures. However, when executed on modern multicore architectures, we face new challenges that can significantly deteriorate AMG's performance. We examine its performance and scalability on three disparate multicore architectures: a cluster with four AMD Opteron Quad-core processors per node (Hera), a Cray XT5 with two AMD Opteron Hex-core processors per node (Jaguar), and an IBM BlueGene/P system with a single Quad-core processor (Intrepid). We discuss our experiences on these platforms and present results using both an MPI-only and a hybrid MPI/OpenMP model. We also discuss a set of techniques that helped to overcome the associated problems, including thread and process pinning and correct memory associations.

  7. Membrane separation systems---A research and development needs assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, R.W. (Membrane Technology and Research, Inc., Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Cussler, E.L. (Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (USA). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science); Eykamp, W. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA)); Koros, W.J. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (USA)); Riley, R.L. (Separation Systems Technology, San Diego, CA (USA)); Strathmann, H. (Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Grenzflaech

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industrial separation processes consume a significant portion of the energy used in the United States. A 1986 survey by the Office of Industrial Programs estimated that about 4.2 quads of energy are expended annually on distillation, drying and evaporation operations. This survey also concluded that over 0.8 quads of energy could be saved in the chemical, petroleum and food industries alone if these industries adopted membrane separation systems more widely. Membrane separation systems offer significant advantages over existing separation processes. In addition to consuming less energy than conventional processes, membrane systems are compact and modular, enabling easy retrofit to existing industrial processes. The present study was commissioned by the Department of Energy, Office of Program Analysis, to identify and prioritize membrane research needs in light of DOE's mission. Each report will be individually cataloged.

  8. ADMOS3A55VH-BridgeTheLMD18200AN-694 National Semiconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    TL H 10859 ADMOS3A55VH-BridgeTheLMD18200AN-694 National Semiconductor Application Note 694 Tim Regan June 1990 A DMOS 3A 55V H-Bridge The LMD18200 INTRODUCTION The switching power device shown in Figure 1 is called an H-Bridge It takes a DC supply voltage and provides 4-quad- rant control to a load

  9. Failure Mode, Effects, and Cr-iticality Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    in view of test data received from RCA frdm two·separate tests. The major effect that this change has upon · · : · -. Loss of 3 !L!aia I!-~pI" iSla Use quad output 1 i j ·Pia!Z~ month/output, ! ; i !· , , relay drivers Ioutput, and l j J· . : relay drivers with I j 1 1 , . , 18 hour output : : I ! 1 four 1 sec to 3 mont j

  10. Clovis Technology and Settlement in the American Southeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smallwood, Ashley Michelle

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    x LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1. Map of the Topper site along the Savannah River, South Carolina with United States map showing locations of Clovis sites mentioned in this chapter. Contour elevations taken from U.S.G.S Quad 33N/81W.... ..................................... 51 Figure 24. Horizontal distribution of tools, cores, and diagnostic reduction flakes. ....................................................................................... 58 Figure 25. Map of the Topper site along the Savannah River, South...

  11. Synergies Connecting the Photovoltaics and Solid-State Lighting Industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, S.

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent increases in the efficiencies of phosphide, nitride, and organic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) inspire a vision of a revolution in lighting. If high efficiencies, long lifetimes, and low cost can be achieved, solid-state lighting could save our country many quads of electricity in the coming years. The solid-state lighting (SSL) and photovoltaic (PV) industries share many of the same challenges. This paper explores the similarities between the two industries and how they might benefit by sharing information.

  12. Development of an aerostatic pocket damper for aircraft engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardon, Bradley Paul

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Actuator Tests Installation of Actuators Harmonic Excitation Test Procedures. . . . . . . . 26 28 28 29 31 31 34 36 38 38 39 42 44 45 45 47 48 51 56 56 58 59 Page Balancing the Rotor . Rotating Tests with Quad.... . . . . . . . . . . . . IVD //2 Tests ? Change in Natural Frequencies w/ Dual Actuators IVD //2 Tests - Change in Rotor Response w/ Dual Actuators . . Rotating Response to Imbalance, Horizontal Plane. . . . . . . . . RIGIDROTOR Simulation of Horizontal Response...

  13. Energy & Society Toolkit Appendices Toolkit Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ton of coal 1,000,000,000 GJ = 1 exajoule = 1 quad Reference energy measure: watt (W) 70 gigawatts (GWEnergy & Society Toolkit Appendices 1 Toolkit Appendices #12;Energy & Society Toolkit Appendices 2 2.3. Volume 4 2.4. Mass 4 2.5. Pressure 4 2.6. Temperature 4 2.7. Force 4 2.8. Energy 4 2.9. Power 5

  14. An intertextual study of Euclides Da Cunha's Os serto?es, R.B. Cunninghame Graham's A Brazilian mystic, and Mario Vargas Llosa's La guerra del fin del mundo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Sandra Sassetti Fernandes

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Newman Dr. Stephen J. Miller. L rr I fin I m n is not just a story about the saga of Canudos, but rather a "tree of stories, " composed of several metatexts telling that story. Structurally it illustrates two Hegelian themes, namely, the dialectics..., represents the achievement of historical consciousness in the Hegelian sense; at another level, ~~rr illustrates the full dialectical structure of its principal metatext, Quad~. DEDICATION To my parents, Lourdinha and Paulo Pires Fernandes, as a token...

  15. Understanding the Design Trade-offs among Current Multicore Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    processor (4P) system based on the AMD quad-core Barcelona 2.0 GHz 8350 proces- sors, an IBM QS20 blade with two Cell/B.E. 3.2 GHz pro- cessors, an IBM QS22 blade with two PowerXCell 8i 3.2 GHz processors, and a desktop system equipped with one NVIDIA Tesla C1060 GPU. As the test systems have vary- ing numbers

  16. Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

  17. Effective shielding to measure beam current from an ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayle, H., E-mail: bayle@bergoz.com [Bergoz Instrumentation, Saint-Genis-Pouilly (France); Delferrière, O.; Gobin, R.; Harrault, F.; Marroncle, J.; Senée, F.; Simon, C.; Tuske, O. [CEA, Saclay (France)] [CEA, Saclay (France)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To avoid saturation, beam current transformers must be shielded from solenoid, quad, and RFQ high stray fields. Good understanding of field distribution, shielding materials, and techniques is required. Space availability imposes compact shields along the beam pipe. This paper describes compact effective concatenated magnetic shields for IFMIF-EVEDA LIPAc LEBT and MEBT and for FAIR Proton Linac injector. They protect the ACCT Current Transformers beyond 37 mT radial external fields. Measurements made at Saclay on the SILHI source are presented.

  18. A geographic information system (GIS) based determination of estuarine and marine wetland and shoreline changes in the Galveston Bay estuary from 1995 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Christina Claudette

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    shapefiles. These files were available for all the United States Geological Survey (USGS) quadrangles in Table 1 and were analyzed in the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) projection, North American Datum (NAD) 1983 for Zone 15. Aerial photography... implemented to determine which method was most accurate and time efficient. The NWI quad maps from 1993 and aerial photos for 1995 were imported into an ArcGIS Desktop project file. For the first method, a new shapefile was created and 13 labeled...

  19. Enhancing Building Operations Through Automated Diagnostics: Field Test Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katipamula, S.; Brambley, M. R.; Bauman, N.; Pratt, R. G.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 (EIA 2003), in 2001, 17.4 quadrillion Btu (1 quad = 1015 Btu) of primary energy was consumed by commercial buildings in the United States at a cost of about 127 billion dollars (in 2001 dollars). Many... maintenance is clearly insufficient to address this issue. Manually commissioning buildings is valuable in terms of both finding problems and developing the techniques for doing so, but it is expensive. With only 1 to 2% of total construction costs...

  20. Miniaturized Multi-Band Antenna Design via Element Collocation and Inductive Feed Loading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, R. P.

    2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In a FY09 SDRD project, four separate antennas were designed to receive signals of interest covering a broad range of frequencies. While the elements exceeded specifications, the array footprint is substantial. Research performed by the CU Microwave Active Antenna Group in collaboration with RSL, showed promise in realizing a reduced structure. This work will expand upon this previous research. This project will result in a prototype quad-band antenna.

  1. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of the energy and water conservation standards that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010. The standards covered include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. We estimate that energy efficiency standards for consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment that have been adopted from 1987 through 2010 saved 3.0 quads in 2010, have had a cumulative energy savings of 25.9 quads through 2010 and will achieve cumulative energy savings of 158 quads over the period 1990-2070. Thus, the majority of the savings are still to come as products subject to standards enter the stock. Furthermore, the standards will have a cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $851 billion and $1,103 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. In addition, we estimate the water conservation standards, together with those energy conservation standards that also save water, saved residential consumers 1.5 trillion gallons of water in 2010, have had cumulative water savings of 11.7 trillion gallons through 2010, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2040 of 51.4 trillion gallons.

  2. Characterization of Nitrogen use efficiency in sweet sorghum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dweikat, Ismail [University of Nebraska; Clemente, Thomas [University of Nebrask

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) has the potential to augment the increasing demand for alternative fuels and for the production of input efficient, environmentally friendly bioenergy crops. Nitrogen (N) and water availability are considered two of the major limiting factors in crop growth. Nitrogen fertilization accounts for about 40% of the total production cost in sorghum. In cereals, including sorghum, the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) from fertilizer is approximately 33% of the amount applied. There is therefore extensive concern in relation to the N that is not used by the plant, which is lost by leaching of nitrate, denitrification from the soil, and loss of ammonia to the atmosphere, all of which can have deleterious environmental effects. To improve the potential of sweet sorghum as a leading and cost effective bioenergy crop, the enhancement of NUE must be addressed. To this end, we have identified a sorghum line (SanChi San) that displays about 25% increase in NUE over other sorghum lines. As such, the overarching goal of this project is to employ three complementary strategies to enhance the ability of sweet sorghum to become an efficient nitrogen user. To achieve the project goal, we will pursue the following specific objectives: Objective 1: Phenotypic characterization of SanChi San/Ck60 RILs under low and moderate N-availability including biochemical profiles, vegetative growth and seed yield Objective 2: Conduct quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis and marker identification for nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in a grain sorghum RIL population. Objective 3: Identify novel candidate genes for NUE using proteomic and gene expression profiling comparisons of high- and low-NUE RILs. Candidate genes will be brought into the pipeline for transgenic manipulation of NUE This project will apply the latest genomics resources to discover genes controlling NUE, one of the most complex and economically important traits in cereal crops. As a result of the completion of the proposed work, we will have: 1) identified novel alleles in wild sorghum germplasm that is useful to improve both cultivated grain and sweet sorghum; 2) been able to select individuals plants that exhibit high NUE within a breeding population on the basis of these markers; 3) acquired essential information necessary to examine the roles of GS and GOGAT, AlaT, along with impact of transcription factor Dof1, on N assimilation in sweet sorghum; and 4) The information learned will provide new opportunities for improving NUE in sorghum and other cereals.

  3. Geology of the Camp San Saba-West area, Mason and McCulloch Counties, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mounce, Douglas Dean

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    27 0lckory sandstone member 0, t gt"'lp ~. . . . 26 Cap Nouataia lismstoae smmber . Lion Nouatsin sandstone smmber Silberns formation. . . . . . ~ ~. . . . Welge sandstone member . . ~ Norgaa Creek lismstone member . point Peak shale smmber... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ VII. Morgan Creek Iimestones exposed oa the San Saba River. , VIII. Rxposures ot the Poiat Peak shale member . IX. san Saba shale overlying the bioherm sons . . ~ X. Strosmtolitic bioherm with "cabbage heads" . XI. loldiag of sun Saba limestone...

  4. Experimental analysis of general ion recombination in a liquid-filled ionization chamber in high-energy photon beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Eunah; Seuntjens, Jan [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Davis, Stephen [Department of Medical Physics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital (L5-112), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To study experimentally the general ion recombination effect in a liquid-filled ionization chamber (LIC) in high-energy photon beams. Methods: The general ion recombination effect on the response of a micro liquid ion chamber (microLion) was investigated with a 6 MV photon beam in normal and SRS modes produced from a Varian{sup Registered-Sign} Novalis Tx{sup TM} linear accelerator. Dose rates of the linear accelerator were set to 100, 400, and 1000 MU/min, which correspond to pulse repetition frequencies of 60, 240, and 600 Hz, respectively. Polarization voltages applied to the microLion were +800 and +400 V. The relative collection efficiency of the microLion response as a function of dose per pulse was experimentally measured with changing polarization voltage and pulse repetition frequencies and was compared with the theoretically calculated value. Results: For the 60 Hz pulse repetition frequency, the experimental relative collection efficiency was not different from the theoretical one for a pulsed beam more than 0.3% for both polarization voltages. For a pulsed radiation beam with a higher pulse repetition frequency, the experimental relative collection efficiency converged to the theoretically calculated efficiency for continuous beams. This result indicates that the response of the microLion tends toward the response to a continuous beam with increasing pulse repetition frequency of a pulsed beam because of low ion mobility in the liquid. Conclusions: This work suggests an empirical method to correct for differences in general ion recombination of a LIC between different radiation fields. More work is needed to quantitatively explain the LIC general ion recombination behavior in pulsed beams generated from linear accelerators.

  5. On non-local variational problems with lack of compactness related to non-linear optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Hundertmark; Young-Ran Lee

    2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a simple proof of existence of solutions of the dispersion manage- ment and diffraction management equations for zero average dispersion, respectively diffraction. These solutions are found as maximizers of non-linear and non-local vari- ational problems which are invariant under a large non-compact group. Our proof of existence of maximizer is rather direct and avoids the use of Lions' concentration compactness argument or Ekeland's variational principle.

  6. Better Bearing Housing Seals Prevent Costly Machinery Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloch, H. P.

    similar in principle to attraction-type Figure 8: Repulsion-type Magnetic Seal Cartridge in Shipping position (L) and operating posiLion (K). Source: Inpro Companies. Inc., Rock Island, IL magnetic face seals, the design shown in Figure 8 utilizes..., Inc., Rock Island, IL Magnetic seals are not a new invention. For years they have served with distinction in aerospace applications. More recently, they have been quite successfully introduced to centrifugal pumps by process plant maintenance...

  7. Ash, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium content of the metacarpus of hereford cows under different nutritional and physiological conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, Mozammel

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    !c-, i, 13&:- ce N, a?d Ila& old Ff. Frost. 1965. Corri!Jr&Lion oL. bone rr &, orp- l?r& acct . ifc raiatioii reich Lhe physical bebav iur of I 'ai'. cd bi&ne, , ) L?curtal He, . 44:33-41. r'' orr!nti ii. , N. , G. '3 . Pa?at t' an 1 I". 'i'(eric i &3...

  8. Geology of the Grossville School area, Mason County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Robert Louis

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 53 Rilel Form st 1014 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ + ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ Pefinition and Thickness. 53 53 Hickory . '-'ands tone Bomber, Cak Mount in Limestone Sember Lion . ". ount in iandstons Member. ~ ~ 59 411bern i... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 110 ILLS, " '-" R. . T I&. HS Figure I. loosticn iiap of rossvtDe School Area, aeon C! unty, Geologic lu!p of the Grossville Sciucl Area, Fason County& exes ~ ~ & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ pooket St rue. urc 'actions ~ III ~ Surf'sce: m, ; resrion...

  9. Do Males Always Like War? A Critique on Francis Fukuyama and His Hyper Masculine Assertions on Feminization of World Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luintel, Youba Raj

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dhakal 4. The Rajbanshis of Rajgadh Community Adaptation in the Enviroment of Eastern Terai Hari P. Bhattarai Occasional Papers Publica lions 297 5, Kurma, Kola, and Kuri as Community Concepts Patrilineage, Deities, and Inside-Outside Dichotomy among... from Amarpur VDC of Panchthar District Billod Pokharel 6. Environmental Pollution and Awareness in Pokhara Cily: A Sociological Perspective Biswo Kalyan Parajuli 7. An Anthropological Perspective on Shifting Cultivation: A Case Study of Khoriya...

  10. EO 12088: Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion

  11. Upwelling north of the Yucatan Peninsula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz Renteria, Francisco Gerardo

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    !e . ril listen s pc. !1 to be:. . ()ved oil" 0 'ch(e bus' V. !I ' t'. . ( III, '"I. . -'a(1 '. rvau=cnoc. r, (, ''. ll rre the Yuca". , '. 1'I L "(. I: (". -i", iLC!pi'. "!yes I"! '?!he eae' . . j o1(r '. the bane . II va. ' 1- -'='. Li--(1 da *. 1 I.... ?'4li. C-"i 'ZH&GJI. '". B 'L. "JK P. consi dcr, hie sct of. ' observ& t . onis taken dcrj n? u). ie" oi. ', Tel ' Ac I I U). 'ivers. tj& cl"ul s(', oil '!e Gal))i !:"c!)c Hank pl. nvides lauclcof the l)asia o'describinp; the nc &i; i-, o &lrr)pr i...

  12. The World of Dark Shadows Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .cu.,t ••• 01 btl lnl!ic:~tc<' t~J ,, ­ : ::i:.l.Ui:t, .witb tb1•••• .:.n.1 -::1111. tl.:JII," bu :uldro....1l \\'c·tb tr.'.;l:l£, ' ~~l.th"r ot 1 \\Jill e:;cO~ ~6. .~~!:i" 1 .hell al~.iD 10 du;,, ';:~.,. 0U: .n .~ :~IIl1quo •••l!!.!! tiD&l • .%)'..u11Quu. y...:lin!r~ 'lir:u - uno vh... ~:lnJCI~ ~ :':,i06 jlU.'1-~rv!," ... ! y,,:;ru t"r ... rb y<,u ",..ro bc.Z'I!.' DB PUZZLUi by Jeanr.ie Failcock ·~nacra.b1. :;bo let t"ril bvlow to roI'll tour worda. Then \\ID~crallble the letttlrlJ 1~1 tb tho X bE:r.').:th thc...

  13. I. Systems available in the facility: Table no. 1: E.coli Vectors, Strains & Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

    MAL p5E pET31b pET300/NT- DEST BL21 RIL pET 40b(+) pET44c pET47b pET46 Ek/LIC pET301/CT- DEST BL21 RP p E. coli Strains E. coli Media pET22b pET28a pTf16 pET44a pExp1-DEST BL21 DE3 LB pET15b pQ30 Tagzyme pQE1 pET20b pExp1- GW/LacZ BL21 DE3 Star 2X YT pET20b pRSETBpG- KJE8 Tagzyme pQE2 pET44b pDEST 15 BL

  14. In vivo distribution of recombinant interleukin-2-activated autologous lymphocytes administered by intra-arterial infusion in patients with renal cell carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morita, T.; Yonese, Y.; Minato, N.

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recombinant interleukin-2 (RIL 2)-activated autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were infused directly into the renal arteries of 3 patients with renal cell carcinoma, and the in vivo distribution of the infused cells was investigated. In vitro studies to define the optimal culture conditions indicated that maximal lymphokine-activated killer activity was observed at around 10-20 days in culture, as judged by the cytotoxicity against fresh allogenic tumor cells. Maximal expression of the interleukin-2 receptor was also obtained at around 10 days. PBL collected by leukopheresis from each patient were thus cultured for 10 days with RIL 2, labeled with /sup 111/In-oxine, and then infused directly into the renal artery of the affected kidney via a catheter. Radioactivity in the infused side of the kidneys increased immediately after the infusion but then gradually decreased. Radioactivity in the lungs also rapidly increased within the first hour but then cleared gradually, whereas that in the liver and spleen tended to increase steadily. Nevertheless, at 48 hours, the infused side of the kidneys retained levels of radioactivity comparable to those seen in the liver and spleen, while the levels seen in the lungs were already close to background levels. The radioactivity in the areas corresponding to tumors remained consistently higher than that in the normal parts of the affected kidneys. The direct comparison of the radioactivity distribution pattern with the macroscopic appearance of surgically resected kidneys indicated that the accumulation of radioactivity was indeed selectively associated with the tumor tissues in the kidneys, except for a case in which the tumor was quite necrotic and hypovascular.

  15. Zero Energy Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arasteh, Dariush; Selkowitz, Steve; Apte, Josh; LaFrance, Marc

    2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Windows in the U.S. consume 30 percent of building heating and cooling energy, representing an annual impact of 4.1 quadrillion BTU (quads) of primary energy. Windows have an even larger impact on peak energy demand and on occupant comfort. An additional 1 quad of lighting energy could be saved if buildings employed effective daylighting strategies. The ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} program has made standard windows significantly more efficient. However, even if all windows in the stock were replaced with today's efficient products, window energy consumption would still be approximately 2 quads. However, windows can be ''net energy gainers'' or ''zero-energy'' products. Highly insulating products in heating applications can admit more useful solar gain than the conductive energy lost through them. Dynamic glazings can modulate solar gains to minimize cooling energy needs and, in commercial buildings, allow daylighting to offset lighting requirements. The needed solutions vary with building type and climate. Developing this next generation of zero-energy windows will provide products for both existing buildings undergoing window replacements and products which are expected to be contributors to zero-energy buildings. This paper defines the requirements for zero-energy windows. The technical potentials in terms of national energy savings and the research and development (R&D) status of the following technologies are presented: (1) Highly insulating systems with U-factors of 0.1 Btu/hr-ft{sup 2}-F; (2) Dynamic windows: glazings that modulate transmittance (i.e., change from clear to tinted and/or reflective) in response to climate conditions; and (3) Integrated facades for commercial buildings to control/ redirect daylight. Market transformation policies to promote these technologies as they emerge into the marketplace are then described.

  16. AGS tune jump system to cross horizontal depolarization resonances overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glenn, J.W.; Ahrens, L.; Fu, W.; Mi, J.L.; Rosas, P.; Schoefer, V.; Theisen, C.; Altinbas, Z.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Two partial snakes overcome the vertical depolarizing resonances in the AGS. But a new type of depolarizing intrinsic resonance from horizontal motion appeared. We reduce these using horizontal tune jumps timed to these resonances. We gain a factor of six in crossing rate with a tune jump of 0.05 in 100 {micro}s. Two quadrapoles, we described in 2009, pulse 42 times, the current matching beam energy. The power supplies for these quads are described in detail elsewhere in this conference. The controls for the Jump Quad system is based on a BNL designed Quad Function Generator. Two modules are used; one for timing, and one to supply reference voltages. Synchronization is provided by a proprietary serial bus, the Event Link. The AgsTuneJump application predicts the times of the resonances during the AGS cycle and calculates the power supply trigger times from externally collected tune and energy versus time data and the Low and High PS voltage functions from a voltage to current model of the power supply. The system was commissioned during runs 09 & 10 and is operational. Many beam effects are described elsewhere. The TuneJump system has worked well and has caused little trouble save for the perturbations in the lattice having such a large effect due to our need to run with the vertical tune within a few thousandths of the integer tune. As these problems were mostly sorted out by correcting the 6th harmonic orbit distortions which caused a large 18 theta beta wave. Also running with minimal chromaticity reduces emittance growth. There are still small beta waves which are being addressed. The timing of the pulses is still being investigated, but as each crossing causes minimal polarization loss, this is a lengthy process.

  17. EIA and CHP: What is going on?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Fowler, Richard A.

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In December, 2002, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its Annual Energy Review, 2001 (hereafter AER01; the document is available at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/contents.html), with extensive revisions to both the electricity data and the categories under which the data are reported. The basics of these revisions are explained in Appendix H of AER01, ''Estimating and Presenting Power Sector Fuel Use in EIA Publications and Analyses'' (which can be downloaded from the ''Appendices and Glossary'' link). This revision was timely and eliminated the growing ''adjustments'' that reconciled the discrepancy between the sum of fuels consumed by the four end-use sectors and the electricity sector with the total energy consumed by the four end-use sectors (i.e., with electricity losses allocated back to the four end-use sectors). This adjustment jumped from almost nothing in 1988 to 128 trillion Btu (TBtu) in 1989 and grew to a half-quadrillion British thermal unit (quad) by 199 8. In 1999 it was -3.2 quad and in 2000, as reported in the AER 2000, it was -4.3 quad. After revisions, the adjustment nearly disappears, with the largest adjustment over the period 1989-2001 at 10 trillion Btu (TBtu). Even with these revisions, however, there are still some very strange numbers. This paper explains these revisions and accounting techniques, and tries to reconcile some of the data via an appeal to the detailed Independent Power Producer survey, EIA Form 860b, for 1998 and 1999.

  18. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Bolduc, Christopher; Burch, Gabriel; Hosseinzadeh, Griffin; Saltiel, Seth

    2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This study surveyed the technical potential for efficiency improvements in 150 categories of appliances and equipment representing 33 quads of primary energy use across the US economy in 2010 and (1) documented efficient product designs, (2) identified the most promising cross-cutting strategies, and (3) ranked national energy savings potential by end use. Savings were estimated using a method modeled after US Department of Energy priority-setting reports - simplified versions of the full technical and economic analyses performed for rulemakings. This study demonstrates that large savings are possible by replacing products at the end-of-life with ultra-efficient models that use existing technology. Replacing the 50 top energy-saving end-uses (constituting 30 quads of primary energy consumption in 2010) with today's best-on-market equivalents would save {approx}200 quads of US primary energy over 30 years (25% of consumption anticipated there from). For the 29 products for maximum feasible savings potential could be estimated, the savings were twice as high. These results demonstrate that pushing ultra-efficient products to market could significantly escalate carbon emission reductions and is a viable strategy for sustaining large emissions reductions through standards. The results of this analysis were used by DOE for new coverage prioritization, to identify key opportunities for product prototyping and market development, and will leverage future standards rulemakings by identifying the full scope of maximum feasible technology options. High leverage products include advances lighting systems, HVAC, and televisions. High leverage technologies include electronic lighting, heat pumps, variable speed motors, and a host of controls-related technologies.

  19. ASSESSMENT OF THE ABILITY OF STANDARD SLURRY PUMPS TO MIX SOLIDS WITH LIQUIDS IN TANK 50H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Tank 50H is the feed tank for the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF). In the summer of 2011, Tank 50H contained two standard slurry pumps and two quad volute slurry pumps. Current requirements for mixing operation is to run three pumps for one hour prior to initiating a feed transfer to SPF. Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste moved both of the Quad Volute pumps from Tank 50H to Tank 51H to replace pumps in Tank 51H that were failing. In addition, one of the standard pumps in Tank 50H exhibits high seal leakage and vibration. SRS Liquid Waste requested Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to conduct a study to evaluate the feasibility of mixing the contents of Tank 50H with one to three standard slurry pumps. To determine the pump requirements to mix solids with liquids in Tank 50H, the author reviewed the pilot-scale blending work performed for the Small Column Ion Exchange Process (SCIX), SRNL computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, Tank 50H operating experience, and the technical literature, and applied the results to Tank 50H to determine the number, size, and operating parameters of pumps needed to mix the solid particles with the liquid in Tank 50H. The analysis determined pump requirements to suspend the solids with no 'dead zones', but did not determine the pump requirements to produce a homogeneous suspension. In addition, the analysis determined the pump requirements to prevent the accumulation of a large amount of solid particles under the telescoping transfer pump. The conclusions from this analysis follow: (1) The analysis shows that three Quad Volute pumps should be able to suspend the solid particles expected ({approx}0.6 g/L insoluble solids, {approx}5 micron) in Tank 50H. (2) Three standard slurry pumps may not be able to suspend the solid particles in Tank 50H; (3) The ability of two Quad Volute pumps to fully suspend all of the solid particles in Tank 50H is marginal; and (4) One standard slurry pump should be able to achieve a cleaning radius larger than 43.5 feet, which will prevent large amounts of solid particles from settling under the telescoping transfer pump (TTP). The report recommends a pump operating approach to maximize the achieved cleaning radius.

  20. Skew chicane based betatron eigenmode exchange module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

    2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A skewed chicane eigenmode exchange module (SCEEM) that combines in a single beamline segment the separate functionalities of a skew quad eigenmode exchange module and a magnetic chicane. This module allows the exchange of independent betatron eigenmodes, alters electron beam orbit geometry, and provides longitudinal parameter control with dispersion management in a single beamline segment with stable betatron behavior. It thus reduces the spatial requirements for multiple beam dynamic functions, reduces required component counts and thus reduces costs, and allows the use of more compact accelerator configurations than prior art design methods.

  1. Cost-effective Lighting Retrofits: Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, M. D.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in cramped fixtures. Those who replace lamps are often more likely to replace failed integral units with cheap incandescents again, while with component-type units they tend to replace the failed fluorescent lamp only. - Where incandescent lamps are on a... fixtures, 9 and 13 watt quad tubes may not start in freezing weather. Twin 9be lamps of similar wattages may be a better ioice. Power factor can be quite low on some lagnetic ballasted products, while total ~rmonic distortion can be high on some...

  2. US LHC Accelerator Project Baseline Change Request BCR Number 59

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Large Hadron Collider Program

    .5.1 US PM, 1.5.3 FNAL PM Title FNAL-LHC Rebaseline Change Control Level 2 Originator Jim Kerby Date 18 Request BCR Number 59 WBS 1.1.1 IR Quads, 1.1.3 DFBX, 1.5.1 US PM, 1.5.3 FNAL PM Title FNAL-LHC Rebaseline,447,621 ($938,509) 1.1.1.1 Tooling $2,328,448 $2,180,725 ($147,723) 1.1.1.2 Cold Mass $5,401,839 $5

  3. Emerging Energy-Efficient Technologies in Buildings Technology Characterizations for Energy Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, SW

    2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy use in America's commercial and residential building sectors is large and growing. Over 38 quadrillion Btus (Quads) of primary energy were consumed in 2002, representing 39% of total U.S. energy consumption. While the energy use in buildings is expected to grow to 52 Quads by 2025, a large number of energy-related technologies exist that could curtail this increase. In recent years, improvements in such items as high efficiency refrigerators, compact fluorescent lights, high-SEER air conditioners, and improved building shells have all contributed to reducing energy use. Hundreds of other technology improvements have and will continue to improve the energy use in buildings. While many technologies are well understood and are gradually penetrating the market, more advanced technologies will be introduced in the future. The pace and extent of these advances can be improved through state and federal R&D. This report focuses on the long-term potential for energy-efficiency improvement in buildings. Five promising technologies have been selected for description to give an idea of the wide range of possibilities. They address the major areas of energy use in buildings: space conditioning (33% of building use), water heating (9%), and lighting (16%). Besides describing energy-using technologies (solid-state lighting and geothermal heat pumps), the report also discusses energy-saving building shell improvements (smart roofs) and the integration of multiple energy service technologies (CHP packaged systems and triple function heat pumps) to create synergistic savings. Finally, information technologies that can improve the efficiency of building operations are discussed. The report demonstrates that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. The five technology areas alone can potentially result in total primary energy savings of between 2 and 4.2 Quads by 2025, or 3.8% to 8.1% of the total commercial and residential energy use by 2025 (52 Quads). Many other technologies will contribute to additional potential for energy-efficiency improvement, while the technical potential of these five technologies on the long term is even larger.

  4. Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Fan, Y. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (United States)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US transportation sector, which remains 97% dependent on petroleum, used a record 22.8 quads of energy in 1993. Though growing much more slowly than the economy from 1975 to 1985, energy use for transportation is now growing at nearly the same rate as GDP. This report describes the analysis of trends in energy use and energy intensity in transportation into components due to, (1) growth in transportation activity, (2) changes in energy intensity, and (3) changes in the modal structure of transportation activities.

  5. Correlations between Electronic Structure, Chemical Properties, and Adsorbate Binding in Size-Selected Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Scott L.

    /Load-Lock FT-IR Spectroscopy X,Y,Z, Revolve, Rotate NdYAGLaser 532nm/100Hz Laser Vaporization Source Quad2 QMS is too slow ­ highly dispersed metal clusters are incredibly efficient at getting contaminated Use 1 ke and adsorbates #12;Comparison of different metals 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

  6. Geothermal wells: a forecast of drilling activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, G.L.; Mansure, A.J.; Miewald, J.N.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numbers and problems for geothermal wells expected to be drilled in the United States between 1981 and 2000 AD are forecasted. The 3800 wells forecasted for major electric power projects (totaling 6 GWe of capacity) are categorized by type (production, etc.), and by location (The Geysers, etc.). 6000 wells are forecasted for direct heat projects (totaling 0.02 Quads per year). Equations are developed for forecasting the number of wells, and data is presented. Drilling and completion problems in The Geysers, The Imperial Valley, Roosevelt Hot Springs, the Valles Caldera, northern Nevada, Klamath Falls, Reno, Alaska, and Pagosa Springs are discussed. Likely areas for near term direct heat projects are identified.

  7. Spreadsheet program for handheld has variety of uses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coffey, L.F.

    1984-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A spreadsheet program for a pocket calculator. It's not a 500K computer, but a useful program is possible. This first of three articles will introduce a basic ''spread-sheet''--a program for manipulating rows and columns of numbers--for a Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV (or an HP-41C with a Quad-Memory). The second article will provide a program for analysis of a cash flow profile, with a large repertoire of profitability yardsticks and which will run in the same basic calculator.

  8. Magma energy extraction - Annual Report for FY88

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, J.C. (ed.)

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal energy contained in magmatic systems represents a huge potential resource. In the US, useful energy contained in molten and partially-molten magma within the upper 10 km of the crust has been estimated at 50,000 to 500,000 Quads. The objective of the Magma Energy Extraction Program is to determine engineering feasibility of locating, accessing and utilizing magma as a viable energy resource. Engineering feasibility will depend on size and depth of the resource; extraction rates; and material life times. 11 refs., 29 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Response of Pan American Balsamscale, Soil, and Livestock to Prescribed Burning.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutz, J.L.; Greene, T.G.; Scifres, C.J.; Koerth, B.H.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and November 4, 1982 and on May 7 and October 21 , 1983 were measured by clipping vegetation to ground line in 10 randomly placed 0.25 m2 quad rats per subplot. Herbage was separated into grasses and forbs be fore ovendrying and weighing. Mulch... tiller was defined as a living stem or whorl of leaves of any size originating from the base of the plant. Reproductive culms on tagged plants were counted on June 15 and November 3, 1982. Only culms bear ing infloresences were counted...

  10. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9Morgan Managing OClean-UpPostdocComputingQuad Core

  11. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9Morgan Managing OClean-UpPostdocComputingQuad

  12. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9Morgan Managing OClean-UpPostdocComputingQuadAdrian

  13. JC3 Bulletin Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior

  14. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26, 2013

  15. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26, 201314,

  16. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26,

  17. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26,11, 2013

  18. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26,11,

  19. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26,11,13,

  20. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade - Senior26,11,13,30,

  1. JC3 Bulletin Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking |J. Michael McQuade -

  2. Risk assessment methodology applied to counter IED research & development portfolio prioritization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shevitz, Daniel W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O' Brien, David A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zerkle, David K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Key, Brian P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chavez, Gregory M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to protect the United States from the ever increasing threat of domestic terrorism, the Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T), has significantly increased research activities to counter the terrorist use of explosives. More over, DHS S&T has established a robust Counter-Improvised Explosive Device (C-IED) Program to Deter, Predict, Detect, Defeat, and Mitigate this imminent threat to the Homeland. The DHS S&T portfolio is complicated and changing. In order to provide the ''best answer'' for the available resources, DHS S&T would like some ''risk based'' process for making funding decisions. There is a definite need for a methodology to compare very different types of technologies on a common basis. A methodology was developed that allows users to evaluate a new ''quad chart'' and rank it, compared to all other quad charts across S&T divisions. It couples a logic model with an evidential reasoning model using an Excel spreadsheet containing weights of the subjective merits of different technologies. The methodology produces an Excel spreadsheet containing the aggregate rankings of the different technologies. It uses Extensible Logic Modeling (ELM) for logic models combined with LANL software called INFTree for evidential reasoning.

  3. Multi-Year Program Plan FY'09-FY'15 Solid-State Lighting Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    President Obama's energy and environment agenda calls for deployment of 'the Cheapest, Cleanest, Fastest Energy Source - Energy Efficiency.' The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) plays a critical role in advancing the President's agenda by helping the United States advance toward an energy-efficient future. Lighting in the United States is projected to consume nearly 10 quads of primary energy by 2012.3 A nation-wide move toward solid-state lighting (SSL) for general illumination could save a total of 32.5 quads of primary energy between 2012 and 2027. No other lighting technology offers the DOE and our nation so much potential to save energy and enhance the quality of our built environment. The DOE has set forth the following mission statement for the SSL R&D Portfolio: Guided by a Government-industry partnership, the mission is to create a new, U.S.-led market for high-efficiency, general illumination products through the advancement of semiconductor technologies, to save energy, reduce costs and enhance the quality of the lighted environment.

  4. Field monitoring and evaluation of a residential gas-engine-driven heat pump: Volume 1, Cooling season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, J.D.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal government is the largest single energy consumer in the United States; consumption approaches 1.5 quads/year of energy (1 quad = 10{sup 15} Btu) at a cost valued at nearly $10 billion annually. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the Federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL)is one of four DOE national multiprogram laboratories that participate in the NTDP by providing technical expertise and equipment to evaluate new, energy-saving technologies being studied and evaluated under that program. This two-volume report describes a field evaluation that PNL conducted for DOE/FEMP and the US Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) to examine the performance of a candidate energy-saving technology -- a gas-engine-driven heat pump. The unit was installed at a single residence at Fort Sam Houston, a US Army base in San Antonio, Texas, and the performance was monitored under the NTDP. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) were York International, the heat pump manufacturer, Gas Research Institute (GRI), the technology developer; City Public Service of San Antonio, the local utility; American Gas Cooling Center (AGCC); Fort Sam Houston; and PNL.

  5. Advanced mineral calciner for regeneration of lime. Final report, March 1995--May 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Namazian, M.; Nickeson, R.; Lovas, B.; Miller, G.; Kelly, J.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There are approximately 800 pulp, paper and paperboard mills in the United States. Pulp and paper is the ninth largest industry in US, uses 2.8 quads of energy per year and ranks third among all domestic US industries in the cost of energy consumed. A significant fraction of the energy consumed in pulp and paper plants is needed to recover chemicals that are used in breaking down the wood chips into pulp. In particular, 0.1 quads of energy per year are used to regenerate lime. Furthermore, pulp and paper plant operations generate 9,870 tons of NOx per year. Additionally over two million tons of spent lime are sent to landfills each year. In addition, growth in paper demand and changes in plant processes (e.g., bleaching), as a result of environmental pressures, will continue to drive the need for more lime regeneration capacity. Unless the increased capacity can be delivered productively and inexpensively, the growth in pulp and paper may occur in overseas markets. Furthermore, if new environmental constraints cannot be met at low cost, existing US pulp and paper production capacity may also move off-shore. The advanced mineral calciner (AMC) technology was developed to address this lime regeneration need. Prior to describing the technology, and the program of work that was used to test the concept, conventional lime regeneration systems and their limitations are described.

  6. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla Christine; Homan, Gregory; Brown, Richard

    2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency-labeling program operated jointly by the United States Department of Energy and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national, and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with committed stakeholders. Through 2007, the program saved 7.1 Quads of primary energy and avoided 128 MtC equivalent. The forecast shows that the program is expected to save 21.2 Quads of primary energy and avoid 375 MtC equivalent over the period 2008-2015. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 84 MtC and 172 MtC (1993 to 2007) and between 243 MtC and 519 MtC (2008 to 2015).

  7. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. During this reporting period, the technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. The results of these evaluations are summarized in this report.

  8. The Deuterium Abundance and Nucleocosmochronology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean Thomas Scully; Keith A. Olive

    1994-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine galactic chemical evolution models which reproduce the present-day and pre-solar values of deuterium starting with a primordial value which is consistent with a baryon-to-photon ratio of $3 \\times 10^{-10}$. We consider various galactic chemical evolution models to determine the viability of significant deuterium destruction and which provide a consistent age of the galaxy at the time of the formation of the solar system and consequently its present day age from nuclear chronometers. These models generally require some amount of infall which we take with rates proportional to the gas mass as well as exponentially decreasing rates and some initial disk enrichment which we limit to the range of 0\\% to 30\\%. We present those models which give the observed pre-solar value and present-day value of D/H and which lead to a present-day gas fraction of $\\sigma = .05\\quad - \\quad .2$. These models result in a braod range for the age of galaxy between $9.8 - 21.6$ Gyrs.

  9. Realized and projected impacts of U.S. federal efficiency standards for residential appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael; Liu, Xiaomin

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study estimated energy, environmental and consumer economic impacts of U.S. Federal residential energy efficiency standards that became effective in the 1988-2001 period or will take effect by the end of 2007. These standards have been the subject of in-depth analyses conducted as part of DOE's standards rulemaking process. This study drew on those analyses, but updated certain data and developed a common framework and assumptions for all of the products. We estimate that the considered standards will reduce residential primary energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions in 2020 by 8-9% compared to the levels expected without any standards. They will save a cumulative total of 25-30 quads by the year 2015, and 60 quads by 2030. The estimated cumulative net present value of consumer benefit amounts to nearly $80 billion by 2015, and grows to $130 billion by 2030. The overall benefit/cost ratio of cumulative consumer impacts in the 1987-2050 period is 2.75:1. The cumulative cost of DOE's program to establish and implement the standards is in the range of $200-250 million.

  10. Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

    2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This study estimated energy, environmental and consumer economic impacts of U.S. federal residential energy efficiency standards that became effective in the 1988-2001 period or will take effect by the end of 2007. These standards have been the subject of in-depth analyses conducted as part of DOE's standards rulemaking process. This study drew on those analyses, but updated certain data and developed a common framework and assumptions for all of the products in order to estimate realized impacts and to update projected impacts. We estimate that the considered standards will reduce residential primary energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions in 2020 by 8% compared to the levels expected without any standards. They will save a cumulative total of 34 quads by 2020, and 54 quads by 2030. The estimated cumulative net present value of consumer benefit amounts to $93 billion by 2020, and grows to $125 billion by 2030. The overall benefit/cost ratio of cumulative consumer impacts is 2.45 to 1. While the results of this study are subject to a fair degree of uncertainty, we believe that the general conclusions--DOE's energy efficiency standards save significant quantities of energy (and associated carbon emissions) and reduce consumers' net costs--are robust.

  11. Field monitoring and evaluation of a residential gas-engine-driven heat pump: Volume 2, Heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, J.D.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal Government is the largest single energy consumer in the United States; consumption approaches 1.5 quads/year of energy (1 quad = 10{sup 15} Btu) at a cost valued at nearly $10 billion annually. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the Federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US Government. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is one of four DOE national multiprogram laboratories that participate in the NTDP by providing technical expertise and equipment to evaluate new, energy-saving technologies being studied and evaluated under that program. This two-volume report describes a field evaluation that PNL conducted for DOE/FEMP and the US Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) to examine the performance of a candidate energy-saving technology -- a gas-engine-driven heat pump. The unit was installed at a single residence at Fort Sam Houston, a US Army base in San Antonio, Texas, and the performance was monitored under the NTDP. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) were York International, the heat pump manufacturer; Gas Research Institute (GRI), the technology developer; City Public Service of San Antonio, the local utility; American Gas Cooling Center (AGCC); Fort Sam Houston; and PNL.

  12. Foundation futures: Energy saving opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christian, J.E.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant energy savings will result from compliance to the foundation insulation recommendations in ASHRAE Standard 90.2P, /open quotes/Energy Efficient Design of New, Low-Rise Residential Buildings/close quotes/ (ASHRAE 1987). This paper summarizes an assessment of current US energy savings from foundation insulation and estimates future savings resulting from broad-scale adoption of ASHRAE 90.2P. The assessment is based on the premise that the detailed analysis behind ASHRAE 90.2P and its systematic method of determining insulation levels in a balanced manner will allow it to become the accepted base energy performance standard for all residential construction. The total energy currently being saved by foundation insulation (30% of 1.7 million new units) in one year's worth of new housing starts in the United States is estimated at 9.6 /times/ 10/sup 12/ Btu/yr (10.1 PJ/yr (petajoule = 10/sup 15/ joule)). The full compliance with ASHRAE 90.2P leads to more than a doubling of current foundation insulation energy savings. The extrapolation of existing practice and the addition of other contributions resulting from compliance with ASHRAE 90.2 lead to an estimated energy savings by the year 2010 between 0.38 and 0.45 quad/yr (400 and 475 PJ/yr (quad = 10/sup 15/ Btu)). 11 refs., 14 tabs., 7 figs.

  13. Interaction Region Design and Detector Integration at JLab's MEIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Fanglei [JLAB; Brindza, Paul D. [JLAB; Derbenev, Yaroslav S. [JLAB; Ent, Rolf [JLAB; Morozov, Vasiliy [JLAB; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel A. [JLAB; Zhang, Yuhong [JLAB; Hyde, Charles E. [ODU; Sullivan, Michael [SLAC

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electron Ion Collider (EIC) will be a next-generation facility for the study of the strong interaction (QCD). JLab?s MEIC is designed for high luminosities of up to 10^34 cm^-2 s^-1. This is achieved in part due to an aggressively small beta-star, which imposes stringent requirements on the collider rings? dynamical properties. Additionally, one of the unique features of MEIC is a full-acceptance detector with a dedicated, small-angle, high-resolution detection system, capable of covering a wide range of momenta (and charge-to-mass ratios) with respect to the original ion beam to enable access to new physics. The detector design relies on a number of features, such as a 50 mrad beam crossing angle, large-aperture ion and electron final focusing quads and spectrometer dipoles as well as a large machine-element-free detection space downstream of the final focusing quads. We present an interaction region design developed with close integration of the detector and beam dynamical aspects. The dynamical aspect of the design rests on a symmetry-based concept for compensation of non-linear effects. The optics and geometry have been optimized to accommodate the detection requirements and to ensure the interaction region?s modularity for easiness of integration into the collider ring lattices. As a result, the design offers an excellent detector performance combined with the necessary non-linear dynamical properties.

  14. Final report - Magma Energy Research Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colp, J.L.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific feasibility was demonstrated for the concept of magma energy extraction. The US magma resource is estimated at 50,000 to 500,000 quads of energy - a 700- to 7000-yr supply at the current US total energy use rate of 75 quads per year. Existing geophysical exploration systems are believed capable of locating and defining magma bodies and were demonstrated over a known shallow buried molten-rock body. Drilling rigs that can drill to the depths required to tap magma are currently available and experimental boreholes were drilled well into buried molten rock at temperatures up to 1100/sup 0/C. Engineering materials compatible with the buried magma environment are available and their performances were demonstrated in analog laboratory experiments. Studies show that energy can be extracted at attractive rates from magma resources in all petrologic compositions and physical configurations. Downhole heat extraction equipment was designed, built, and demonstrated successfully in buried molten rock and in the very hot margins surrounding it. Two methods of generating gaseous fuels in the high-temperature magmatic environment - generation of H/sub 2/ by the interaction of water with the ferrous iron and H/sub 2/, CH/sub 4/, and CO generation by the conversion of water-biomass mixtures - have been investigated and show promise.

  15. Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Homan, Gregory K; Sanchez, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency labeling program operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products, and currently labels more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with stakeholders. This report presents savings estimates from the use ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of energy, dollar, and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2009, annual forecasts for 2010 and 2011, and cumulative savings estimates for the period 1993 through 2009 and cumulative forecasts for the period 2010 through 2015. Through 2009 the program saved 9.5 Quads of primary energy and avoided the equivalent of 170 million metric tons carbon (MMTC). The forecast for the period 2009-2015 is 11.5 Quads or primary energy saved and 202 MMTC emissions avoided. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 110 MMTC and 231 MMTC (1993 to 2009) and between 130 MMTC and 285 MMTC (2010 to 2015).

  16. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. The technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. Using these results, the carbon sequestration potential of the three technologies was then evaluated. The results of these evaluations are given in this final report.

  17. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory; Lai, Judy; Brown, Richard

    2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a top-level summary of national savings achieved by the Energy Star voluntary product labeling program. To best quantify and analyze savings for all products, we developed a bottom-up product-based model. Each Energy Star product type is characterized by product-specific inputs that result in a product savings estimate. Our results show that through 2007, U.S. EPA Energy Star labeled products saved 5.5 Quads of primary energy and avoided 100 MtC of emissions. Although Energy Star-labeled products encompass over forty product types, only five of those product types accounted for 65percent of all Energy Star carbon reductions achieved to date, including (listed in order of savings magnitude)monitors, printers, residential light fixtures, televisions, and furnaces. The forecast shows that U.S. EPA?s program is expected to save 12.2 Quads of primary energy and avoid 215 MtC of emissions over the period of 2008?2015.

  18. Materials aspects of solar energy use in buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, S.W.; McFarland, R.D.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in materials for solar energy utilization have the potential to produce large performance improvements (both present and future concepts) in use of solar energy or conservation. Because approximately 26 quads of the total national energy budget of 75 quads is consumed by buildings, solar and conservation improvements can have a large effect on our overall energy consumption. There have been a large number of materials research programs funded through the Department of Energy (DOE) in an attempt to expand the use of solar energy. These materials programs have covered the areas of sealants and gaskets, insulations, glazings, glazing-surface treatments, polymers, selective absorber surfaces, phase-change storage, and heat mirrors. In addition to developing the materials, a large effort has been directed toward determining the reliability and durability of solar materials. The present state of the art and status of these solar materials are discussed. Although much progress has been made in recent years, many improvements are still needed. For many of the more routine materials, simple cost reductions or durability improvements would suffice. For the more advanced concepts of controlling energy flow into or out of buildings, basic materials research remains a necessity. There are a large number of potentially viable concepts that appear promising but have not yet been developed into usable materials.

  19. Solvent interactions with a triphenylated benzoxazole polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eversdyk, David Allen

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 4-Dimethyl-3-penta Dimethylsulfoxide n-Dodecane Ethanol 2-Ethoxyethanol 2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy) -e N-Ethylacetamide Ethyl Acetate Ethylbenzene Ethyl Carbonate Ethylcyclohexane none thanol 10. 6 13. 1 9. 9 9. 1 11. 2 15. 3 11. 1 12. 3 10. 8 9... Molar Gi. bbs Energv of Adsorption for Solvent. s DCE ? NI3z at 270 C 30 9. Additional Molar Gibbs Energy of AdsorpLion for Solvent NO C~ ? II 0 at. ?70'C 3 2 9. Solubility Plot for Tviphcnylated Pf)O at 270'C 35 10 Interaction of m ? Cresol Kith...

  20. Geology of the central part of the James River Valley, Mason County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dannemiller, George David

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    portion of the member is ocmposed of green1sh- gray to yellowish-brown, glauoon1tic, medium- to ooarse grained, evenly bedded 11mestone. Small, isolated, thin, gray stromatolitic bioherms are occasionally found 1n the upper part of the Norgan Creek... RANCH H( USE. . . . ~ ~ 25 V ~ VI. VII. CGN ACT B: TWEEN THE LION MOUNI'AIN MFMBER AND THE WELCH MEMBFR. LOCATED IN A GULLY ABOJJT TWO MIL':S SOUTH GF HE ZIEGL r. RANCH HGtJSE ~ RIPPLE MARKS ON HE MORGAN CREEK LIMESTONE MEMBF. ;i Fvt...

  1. Main Canal, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District above Central Power and Light hydro-electric plant, at Maverick and Kinney Counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledbetter, John J

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BAIN CANAL NA~ICK COUNTY WATW CONTROL AND INPROllZXBZ DISTRICT ABOVE C~ POWER AND LION HYDRO ELECTRIC PLANT& AT, SIAVERICK AND KINNEY COUNT'S, T~~S By John J. Ledbetter, Jr. Approved as to style and content by: (Che man Committee Heed of pa... ment or Student Advisor May l952 MAIN CANAL RIA~ICK C01E1TY EATER CONTROL AND INPROVZGiWZ DISTRICT ABOVE G~ F01' AND LIGHT HYDRO-ELECTRIC PLANT, AT MAVERICK AND KINNEY GGKJZIES ~ TEXAS By John J. Ledbetter, Jr, A Thesis Submitted...

  2. Hands of Fate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Terry

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A NEVV ENTERPRISE PUBLICATION. *********~f********************************* * * * * * * * * * * * * * X~)" '* *' * * THE HAl"\\fDS OF . FiiTE; by TerryEvans , ,cqmp~ising: I niJioduc£i.on f1y 11me' SUp The. PeLi.lion T!1e. fla... said that I could come along9 1vhich I elido He ran to 'the lift and I was a bit slower ,vhich meant that the doors closed before I reached them 0 A feH seconds laterg Kirk returned 1l.nd I stepped in shGo;>ishly' then we were off 0 The bridge 1vas...

  3. Gunboat and musket: Civil War on the upper Mississippi River, 1861-1862 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Karl William

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adviser to Governor Yates, arrived to arrange the transfer of the 10, 000 35 Adamson, Rebel lion in Missouri, 32. 21 36 spare arms to Illinois. Stokes informed Lyon that the steamer City of Alton was just upriver waiting to come down for the pickup... the steamer, it was discovered with horror that the tremendous weight had grounded her. Union troops hurriedly shif ted 200 crates and the ship finally floated free. As his craft drifted 36 Ibid. , 34. Ibid. , 35. Ib id. , 36. 22 into the channel...

  4. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Industrial Programs and Their Impacts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weakley, S. A.; Roop, J. M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .001 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.024 Thin Wall Casting of Stainless Steel 0.461 0.061 0.002 0.002 0.100 0.074 9.05 Ultra-Low NO X... assumed aver- age emission factors. For example, for every million Btu of coal combusted, about 1.25 pounds of sulfur oxides (known acid rain precursors) are assumed to be emitted to the atmosphere. Therefore, every mil- lion-Btu reduction in coal use...

  5. Geology and hydrogeology of the Edwards Aquifer Transition Zone, Bexar County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neathery, Jeffrey Stephen

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the Edwards Aquifer (Figure 5). Rainfall and stream flow on the Balcones Fault Zone/Transition Zone also contributes to the water migrating to and recharging the Edwards Aquifer. Water 14 OKLAHOMA ARKANSAS TEXAS l a g/ CENTRAL I I(l TEXAS I I PLA M I... WATER LINE Glen Roee Llmeetone aneltlon Z one F Oem ~ lion FLOWING ARTESIAN WELL nanna fa an r aaneltlon Z one DWA AQUIFER EDWARDS PLATEAU BALCONES ESCARPMENT Glen Roe e Lime alone ALCONE FAULT ZONE Generalized cross section...

  6. Dynamics of a steam heated finned tube heat exchanger with steam pressure variations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chongvoranond, Suroj

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ch will be mentioned la=er in this section. It is to b- noted that the steady state fluid tem- perature profile calculated in this way has the form of the assumed parabolic ecuation which can be fitt d to th experimentally determin d temoeratures at three diff...Inperature, and T = time constant due to tne m asurement lag. m Again, the implicit two point-time difference method is used to solve this equation. Thus, (?) This expression is rearranged Co give t1 m, t &At (3o) 32 To obtain thc soluLion Gf he aoove ecuation...

  7. The Agonizer Volume 1, No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were NSily dispa tched. Stealth was sacrificed for overwhelming force (by far Kluge's favorite tactic), The fll"5t portion of the plant to be destroyed was the communications cenler. Minutes laler, Kluge and his team broke into the main research lab...~gno ~ t the ~1 time. AmIv'VcIo!' K'ShoN is Invcsdptln& rompulM systems fot thr ~. ~ "" inlill .. 1JI'd t"'" fTt (""",,",lion T?hnIdJ.n. wgur) 10 inYE'Stigate me;t \\He of K1inSO" material. and .... made COt\\Sidenbko prosreu.ln Fcobruary, iIhe atlended a...

  8. A comparison of three deer survey techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakestraw, Danny Lee

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from rolling hills to steep washes. Upland Vgtt llgdo t day)i yg't (~P glg d 1* ), A't t tl (A~lo ~1' 'd ), d forbs. Shoreline areas, which were occasionally flooded, Hew Mexi, co AMIS - Anu. stad Nat, Reer. Area CACA - Carlsbad Caverns Nat. Park... suitable for normal vehicular travel were Walnut Canyon Road, Scenic Loop Road, and along the flats in the southern portion of the park. Several species of large mammals occurred on the park including mountain lion (/elis concolor), elk (~Cerv s ~lh...

  9. Winter feeding of channel catfish fingerlings in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Scott Armstrong

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decrease in total biomass at harvest. When calculated on the average increase in weight for the estimated number of surviving fish, feed conversions improved somewhat, with fish on the 35/ protein diet exhibiting slightly better conversion ratios.... in an early dep )a- tion of lipid reserves, fo 1 lo&v& d by gradua l p& o Le in deple Lion. This is of Con coupIed wiCh an increase in moisture conLenc and a comp& nsa tory increas? in per?n L ash (I'hi li ps i t al, , 1 966; Erlich, 1974; Stirling, 1976...

  10. A comparison of two lung clearance models based on the dissolution rates of oxidized depleted uranium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crist, Kevin Craig

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTRODUCT1ON . RF VIEbl OF LITLRAiURE Page y1 V111 I4ETHODOI OBY Respi ral le Aeroso I 'enera Lion Dissolution Experiment Ana I y( es RESULTS DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONS RFCONINENDAi ION REFERI=NCES 17 18 21 24 47 APPEND'X A C'lassif. ication...!Ilpl e DU9 Test of Hypothesis ('Go=0) for 5'lopes Obtained from Linear Beg!. essicns (Figs. 8 and 9) 37 VII Determination oi Average Dissolution Rate and a 97. 5 Percent Confidence Interval on That Average for DL!5 and DU9 VIII Resuii. s from...

  11. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel Pasco 2525

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel Pasco

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SITE-SPECIFIC ADVISORY BOARD CHAIRS MEETING

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel Pasco

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel

  15. EO 11514: Protection and Enhancement of Environmental Quality

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel514, March 5,

  16. EO 11988: Floodplain Management

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed Lion Hotel514, March

  17. EO 11990: Protection Of Wetlands

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  18. EO 12114: Environmental Effects Abroad of Major Federal Actions |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment of

  19. EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment ofWHITE

  20. EO 13089 -- Coral Reef Protection | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment

  1. EO 13112: Invasive Species

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment183

  2. EO 13112: Invasive Species | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment183EO

  3. EO 13186: Responsibilities of Federal Agencies To Protect Migratory Birds

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed LionDepartment183EO3853

  4. Opportunity Analysis for Recovering Energy from Industrial Waste Heat and Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viswanathan, Vish V.; Davies, Richard W.; Holbery, Jim D.

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United States industry consumed 32.5 Quads (34,300 PJ) of energy during 2003, which was 33.1% of total U.S. energy consumption (EIA 2003 Annual Energy Review). The U.S. industrial complex yields valuable goods and products. Through its manufacturing processes as well as its abundant energy consumption, it supports a multi-trillion dollar contribution to the gross domestic product and provides millions of jobs in the U.S. each year. Industry also yields waste products directly through its manufacturing processes and indirectly through its energy consumption. These waste products come in two forms, chemical and thermal. Both forms of waste have residual energy values that are not routinely recovered. Recovering and reusing these waste products may represent a significant opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of the U.S. industrial complex. This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Industrial Technologies Program (DOE-ITP). It analyzes the opportunity to recover chemical emissions and thermal emissions from U.S. industry. It also analyzes the barriers and pathways to more effectively capitalize on these opportunities. A primary part of this analysis was to characterize the quantity and energy value of the emissions. For example, in 2001, the industrial sector emitted 19% of the U.S. greenhouse gases (GHG) through its industrial processes and emitted 11% of GHG through electricity purchased from off-site utilities. Therefore, industry (not including agriculture) was directly and indirectly responsible for emitting 30% of the U.S. GHG. These emissions were mainly comprised of carbon dioxide (CO2), but also contained a wide-variety of CH4 (methane), CO (carbon monoxide), H2 (hydrogen), NMVOC (non-methane volatile organic compound), and other chemicals. As part of this study, we conducted a survey of publicly available literature to determine the amount of energy embedded in the emissions and to identify technology opportunities to capture and reuse this energy. As shown in Table E-1, non-CO2 GHG emissions from U.S. industry were identified as having 2180 peta joules (PJ) or 2 Quads (quadrillion Btu) of residual chemical fuel value. Since landfills are not traditionally considered industrial organizations, the industry component of these emissions had a value of 1480 PJ or 1.4 Quads. This represents approximately 4.3% of the total energy used in the United States Industry.

  5. Confidence regions for maximum response and associated design optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Norbert Alfred

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ) . '~? . J (5v &3 thi. . . ) (5y 1. ) (5e?) (5)4) (3g1) (3e?) (4~3) (6 eh r(?il F (4?1 F(4?2 + rr(5, 6) + r-r(6, 5) + FF( 3, '3) + l=F(6, 6) + r &-' ( 1 y 6 ) + '-I (2, ( ) ) ) ) t FF(?, ? ) + F"'(C~i) + Fl(( i2) 6 lF(J~I) + Dt?~(rt)?D(2s...'?J) ? I'(1sIvl)?D(3~3~J) XZL = X2S +, X2SP X2U = X2L + 10. 0 SCIN = . 2 EE ? ~ 0 0 I) 0 01 N = 4 NX = 1 X 1 = X 1(. 21 E(1) = A(1) E(2) = A(2) + A(3)~XI E(3) = A(4) + h(5)+XI + A(6)+XI+XI E(4) = A(7) + A(H)+XI + A(9)+XI+XI + A(10)+(XI++3) E(5) = A...

  6. Energy deskbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glasstone, S.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This handbook which combines the features of a glossary and an encyclopedia is a quick reference source on energy and energy related topics. The definitions and descriptive information are presented at an introductory technical non-mathematical level which lends itself to a broad range of readers. ''Cross references'' and ''see also'' references are set in bold print in the text. The table of contents serves as a general index to all entries. Both English and metric units are employed throughout and the text contains many simple illustrations. Contents, abridged: Acid gases. Adip (Shell) process. Bag filter. Calorific value. Ebullated bed. Fast reactor. Garrett coal gasification process. IFX (Institut Francais du Petrole) process. Quad. SCOT (Shell-Claus off-gas treating). Woodall-Duckham/Gas Integrale process. Zinc chloride catalytic process.

  7. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Thermal Spray Coating Interface Quality By Eddy Current Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Mi; G. Zhao; R. Bayles

    2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal spray coating is usually applied through directing molten or softened particles at very high velocities onto a substrate. An eddy current non-destructive inspection technique is presented here for thermal spray coating interface quality characterization. Several high-velocity-oxy-fuel (HVOF) coated steel plates were produced with various surface preparation conditions or spray process parameters. A quad-frequency eddy current probe was used to manually scan over the coating surface to evaluate the bonding quality. Experimental results show that different surface preparation conditions and varied process parameters can be successfully differentiated by the impedance value observed from the eddy current probe. The measurement is fairly robust and consistent. This non-contact, nondestructive, easy-to-use technique has the potential for evaluating the coating quality immediately after its application so that any defects can be corrected immediately.

  8. D0 Detector Collision Hall Oxygen Deficiancy Hazard Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, J.; /Fermilab

    1992-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    EN-258, D0 Platform ODH Analysts. provided the oxygen deficiency hazard analysts for the D0 detector in the Assembly Hall. This note covers the same analysis. but revised for the Collision Hall. Liquid cryogens. released and warming to atmosphere conditions, expand to, on average, seven hundred times their liquid volume, and displace vital atmospheric oxygen. An oxygen deficiency hazard analysis assesses the increased risk to personnel in areas containing cryogenic systems. The D0 detector Collision Hall ODH analysis has been approached five different ways using established methods. If the low beta quad magnets are powered, and the exhaust rate is below 4220 scfm, the area is ODH class 1. In any other case, the analysis shows the area to be ODH class 0 as equipped (with ventilation fans) and requiring no special safety provisions. System designers have provided for a reduced oxygen level detection and warning system as well as emergency procedures to address fault conditions.

  9. ILC Linac R&D at SLAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adolphsen, C.; /SLAC

    2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the ITRP recommendation in August 2004 to use superconducting rf technology for a next generation linear collider, the former NLC Group at SLAC has been actively pursuing a broad range of R&D for this collider (the ILC). In this paper, the programs concerning linac technology are reviewed. Current activities include the development of a Marx-style modulator and a 10 MW sheet-beam klystron, operation of an L-band (1.3 GHz) rf source using an SNS HVCM modulator and commercial klystrons, design of a more efficient and less costly rf distribution system, construction of a coupler component test stand, fabrication of a prototype positron capture cavity, beam tests of prototype S-band linac beam position monitors and preparations for magnetic center stability measurements of a prototype SC linac quad.

  10. Te (R,t) Measurements using Electron Bernstein Wave Thermal Emission on NSTX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diem, S J; Efthimion, P C; LeBlanc, B P; Carter, M; Caughman, J; Wilgen, J B; Harvey, R W; Preinhaelter, J; Urban, J

    2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) routinely studies overdense plasmas with ne of (1–5) X 1019 m-3 and total magnetic field of <0.6 T, so that the first several electron cyclotron harmonics are overdense. The electrostatic electron Bernstein wave (EBW) can propagate in overdense plasmas, exhibits strong absorption, and is thermally emitted at electron cyclotron harmonics. These properties allow thermal EBW emission to be used for local Te measurement. A significant upgrade to the previous NSTX EBW emission diagnostic to measure thermal EBW emission via the oblique B-X-O mode conversion process has been completed. The new EBW diagnostic consists of two remotely steerable, quad-ridged horn antennas, each of which is coupled to a dual channel radiometer. Fundamental (8–18 GHz) and second and third harmonic (18–40 GHz) thermal EBW emission and polarization measurements can be obtained simultaneously.

  11. Reconstructing Spatial Distributions from Anonymized Locations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horey, James L [ORNL] [ORNL; Forrest, Stephanie [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque] [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque; Groat, Michael [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque] [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and sensors are often equipped with GPS that accurately report a person's location. Combined with wireless communication, these devices enable a wide range of new social tools and applications. These same qualities, however, leave location-aware applications vulnerable to privacy violations. This paper introduces the Negative Quad Tree, a privacy protection method for location aware applications. The method is broadly applicable to applications that use spatial density information, such as social applications that measure the popularity of social venues. The method employs a simple anonymization algorithm running on mobile devices, and a more complex reconstruction algorithm on a central server. This strategy is well suited to low-powered mobile devices. The paper analyzes the accuracy of the reconstruction method in a variety of simulated and real-world settings and demonstrates that the method is accurate enough to be used in many real-world scenarios.

  12. Building integrated photovoltaic systems analysis: Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has estimated that the deployment of photovoltaics (PV) in the commercial buildings sector has the potential to contribute as much as 40 gigawatts peak electrical generation capacity and displace up to 1.1 quads of primary fuel use. A significant portion of this potential exists for smaller buildings under 25,000 square feet (2,300 square meters) in size or two stories or less, providing a strong cross over potential for residential applications as well. To begin to achieve this potential, research is needed to define the appropriate match of PV systems to energy end-uses in the commercial building sector. This report presents preliminary findings for a technical assessment of several alternative paths to integrate PV with building energy systems.

  13. Coupling in the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelfand, N.M.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at the commencement of run Ib was far below expectations. After a frustrating period of several months, a low-{beta} quad downstream of the interaction point at B0 was found to be rolled. This rolled quadrupole coupled the horizontal and vertical motion of the Tevatron beams. It also made matching the beam from the Main Ring to the Tevatron impossible, resulting in emittance blow up on injection. The net result of the roll was a significant reduction in the Tevatron luminosity. When the roll in the quadrupole was corrected the performance of the Tevatron improved dramatically. This note will discuss the experimental data indicating the presence of coupling and subsequent calculations which show how coupling an affect the luminosity. It is not intended to exhaust a discussion of coupling, which hopefully will be understood well enough to be discussed in a subsequent note.

  14. A 3 TeV Muon Collider Lattice Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexahin, Y.; Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new lattice for 3 TeV c.o.m. energy with {beta}* = 5mm was developed which follows the basic concept of the earlier 1.5 TeV design but uses quad triplets for the final focus in order to keep the maximum magnet strength and aperture close to those in 1.5 TeV case. Another difference is employment of combined-function magnets with the goal to lower heat deposition in magnet cold mass and to eliminate bending field free regions which produce 'hot spots' of neutrino radiation that can be an issue at higher energy. The proposed lattice is shown to satisfy the requirements on luminosity, dynamic aperture and momentum acceptance.

  15. Tailoring Strong Lensing Cosmographic Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linder, Eric V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strong lensing time delay cosmography has excellent complementarity with other dark energy probes, and will soon have abundant systems detected. We investigate two issues in the imaging and spectroscopic followup required to obtain the time delay distance. The first is optimization of spectroscopic resources. We develop a code to optimize the cosmological leverage under the constraint of constant spectroscopic time, and find that sculpting the lens system redshift distribution can deliver a 40% improvement in dark energy figure of merit. The second is the role of systematics, correlated between different quantities of a given system or model errors common to all systems. We show how the levels of different systematics affect the cosmological parameter estimation, and derive guidance for the fraction of double image vs quad image systems to follow as a function of differing systematics between them.

  16. 3D-Simulation Studies of SNS Ring Doublet Magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.G.; Tsoupas N.; Venturini, M.

    2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The accumulator ring of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at ORNL employs in its straight sections closely packed quadrupole doublemagnets with large aperture of R=15.1 cm an relatively short iron-to-iron distance of 51.4 cm. These quads have much extended fringe field, and magnetic interferences among them in the doublet assemblies is not avoidable. Though each magnet in the assemblies has been individually mapped to high accuracy of lower than 0.01 percent level, the experimental data including the magnetic interference effect will not be available. We have performed 3D computing simulations on a quadrupole doublet model in order to assess the degree of the interference and to obtain relevant data for the SNS commissioning and operation.

  17. Adaptive Ray Tracing for Radiative Transfer around Point Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Abel; Benjamin D. Wandelt

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a novel adaptive ray tracing scheme to solve the equation of radiative transfer around point sources in hydrodynamical simulations. The angular resolution adapts to the local hydrodynamical resolution and hence is of use for adaptive meshes as well as adaptive smooth particle hydrodynamical simulations. Recursive creation of rays ensures ease of implementation. The multiple radial integrations needed to solve the time dependent radiative transfer are sped up significantly using a quad-tree once the rays are cast. Simplifications advantageous for methods with one radiation source are briefly discussed. The suggested method is easily generalized to speed up Monte Carlo radiative transfer techniques. In summary a nearly optimal use of long characteristics is presented and aspects of its implementation and comparison to other methods are given.

  18. Approximate solutions of a time-fractional diffusion equation with a source term using the variational iteration method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftikhar Ali; Bilal Chanane; Nadeem A. Malik

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a time fractional differential equation of order $\\alpha$, $0 0, t > 0, \\quad c(x,0)=f(x). $$ where ${}^C_0\\mathcal{D}_t^{\\alpha}$ is the Caputo fractional derivative of order $\\alpha$, $A$ is a linear differential operator, $q(x,t)$ is a source term, and $f(x)$ is the inital condition. Approximate (truncated) series solutions are obtained by means of the Variational Iteration Method (VIM). We find the series solutions for different cases of the source term, in a form that is readily implementable on the computer where symbolic computation platform is available. The error in truncated solution $c_n$ diminishes exponentially fast for a given $\\alpha$ as the number of terms in the series increases. VIM has several advantages over other methods that produce solutions in the series form. The truncated VIM solutions often converge rapidly requiring only a few terms for fast and accurate approximations.

  19. Annual report to Congress on Federal Government energy management and conservation programs, Fiscal year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides sinformation on energy consumption in Federal buildings and operations and documents activities conducted by Federal agencies to meet statutory requirements of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act. It also describes energy conservation and management activities of the Federal Government under section 381 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. Implementation activities undertaken during FY94 by the Federal agencies under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and Executive Orders 12759 and 12902 are also described. During FY94, total (gross) energy consumption of the US Government, including energy consued to produce, process, and transport energy, was 1.72 quadrillion Btu. This represents {similar_to}2.0% of the total 85.34 quads used in US.

  20. The Role of Emerging Technologies in Improving Energy Efficiency:Examples from the Food Processing Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lung, Robert Bruce; Masanet, Eric; McKane, Aimee

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For over 25 years, the U.S. DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) has championed the application of emerging technologies in industrial plants and monitored these technologies impacts on industrial energy consumption. The cumulative energy savings of more than 160 completed and tracked projects is estimated at approximately 3.99 quadrillion Btu (quad), representing a production cost savings of $20.4 billion. Properly documenting the impacts of such technologies is essential for assessing their effectiveness and for delivering insights about the optimal direction of future technology research. This paper analyzes the impacts that several emerging technologies have had in the food processing industry. The analysis documents energy savings, carbon emissions reductions and production improvements and assesses the market penetration and sector-wide savings potential. Case study data is presented demonstrating the successful implementation of these technologies. The paper's conclusion discusses the effects of these technologies and offers some projections of sector-wide impacts.

  1. Proceedings of the PILAC optics workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: PILAC Overview; PILAC Injection Line; PILAC General-Purpose Line Design; Program RAYTRACE; Design & Performance of MRS; Program MOTER; Recent Upgrades of MOTER; Use of MOTER at Michigan State; Spectrometer Design at Michigan State; Use of MOTER at CEBAF & Related Topics; TOSCA Calculations at CEBAF; TOSCA Calculations for PILAC; Measurements of EPICS Quadrupoles; Quadrupole Measurements and Analysis at Bates Laboratory; Analysis of 3D Quadrupole Data; Quadrupole 3D Fringe Fields (Theoretical Lecture); Analysis of 3D Field Data; Analysis of Dipole Fringe Fields; Quadrupoles with Perfect N=2 Symmetry; CEBAF Superconducting Cos (20) Quadrupole; Upgrades to TRANSPORT and TURTLE; Optics using Differential Algebra; and A Possible Test of Quad Optics Using EPICS.

  2. Proceedings of the PILAC optics workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: PILAC Overview; PILAC Injection Line; PILAC General-Purpose Line Design; Program RAYTRACE; Design Performance of MRS; Program MOTER; Recent Upgrades of MOTER; Use of MOTER at Michigan State; Spectrometer Design at Michigan State; Use of MOTER at CEBAF Related Topics; TOSCA Calculations at CEBAF; TOSCA Calculations for PILAC; Measurements of EPICS Quadrupoles; Quadrupole Measurements and Analysis at Bates Laboratory; Analysis of 3D Quadrupole Data; Quadrupole 3D Fringe Fields (Theoretical Lecture); Analysis of 3D Field Data; Analysis of Dipole Fringe Fields; Quadrupoles with Perfect N=2 Symmetry; CEBAF Superconducting Cos (20) Quadrupole; Upgrades to TRANSPORT and TURTLE; Optics using Differential Algebra; and A Possible Test of Quad Optics Using EPICS.

  3. Generalized quantum secret sharing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Sudhir Kumar; Srikanth, R. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Optics Group, Raman Research Institute, Bangalore-560080 (India)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore a generalization of quantum secret sharing (QSS) in which classical shares play a complementary role to quantum shares, exploring further consequences of an idea first studied by Nascimento, Mueller-Quade, and Imai [Phys. Rev. A 64, 042311 (2001)]. We examine three ways, termed inflation, compression, and twin thresholding, by which the proportion of classical shares can be augmented. This has the important application that it reduces quantum (information processing) players by replacing them with their classical counterparts, thereby making quantum secret sharing considerably easier and less expensive to implement in a practical setting. In compression, a QSS scheme is turned into an equivalent scheme with fewer quantum players, compensated for by suitable classical shares. In inflation, a QSS scheme is enlarged by adding only classical shares and players. In a twin-threshold scheme, we invoke two separate thresholds for classical and quantum shares based on the idea of information dilution.

  4. The exponentiated Hencky-logarithmic strain energy. Part III: Coupling with idealized isotropic finite strain plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrizio Neff; Ionel-Dumitrel Ghiba

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate an immediate application in finite strain multiplicative plasticity of the family of isotropic volumetric-isochoric decoupled strain energies \\begin{align*} F\\mapsto W_{_{\\rm eH}}(F):=\\hat{W}_{_{\\rm eH}}(U):=\\{\\begin{array}{lll} \\frac{\\mu}{k}\\,e^{k\\,\\|{\\rm dev}_n\\log {U}\\|^2}+\\frac{\\kappa}{{\\text{}}{2\\, {\\hat{k}}}}\\,e^{\\hat{k}\\,[{\\rm tr}(\\log U)]^2}&\\text{if}& {\\rm det}\\, F>0,\\\\ +\\infty &\\text{if} &{\\rm det} F\\leq 0, \\end{array}.\\quad \\end{align*} based on the Hencky-logarithmic (true, natural) strain tensor $\\log U$. Here, $\\mu>0$ is the infinitesimal shear modulus, $\\kappa=\\frac{2\\mu+3\\lambda}{3}>0$ is the infinitesimal bulk modulus with $\\lambda$ the first Lam\\'{e} constant, $k,\\hat{k}$ are dimensionless fitting parameters, $F=\

  5. Lessons Learned from Case Studies of Six High-Performance Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.; Deru, M.; Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Judkoff, R.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial buildings have a significant impact on energy use and the environment. They account for approximately 18% (17.9 quads) of the total primary energy consumption in the United States (DOE 2005). The energy used by the building sector continues to increase, primarily because new buildings are added to the national building stock faster than old buildings are retired. Energy consumption by commercial buildings will continue to increase until buildings can be designed to produce more energy than they consume. As a result, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Technologies Program has established a goal to create the technology and knowledge base for marketable zero-energy commercial buildings (ZEBs) by 2025.

  6. Chemicals from biomass: an assessment of the potential for production of chemical feedstocks from renewable resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donaldson, T.L.; Culberson, O.L.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This assessment of the potential for production of commodity chemicals from renewable biomass resources is based on (1) a Delphi study with 50 recognized authorities to identify key technical issues relevant to production of chemicals from biomass, and (2) a systems model based on linear programming for a commodity chemicals industry using renewable resources and coal as well as gas and petroleum-derived resources. Results from both parts of the assessment indicate that, in the absence of gas and petroleum, coal undoubtedly would be a major source of chemicals first, followed by biomass. The most attractive biomass resources are wood, agricultural residues, and sugar and starch crops. A reasonable approximation to the current product slate for the petrochemical industry could be manufactured using only renewable resources for feedstocks. Approximately 2.5 quads (10/sup 15/ Btu (1.055 x 10/sup 18/ joules)) per year of oil and gas would be released. Further use of biomass fuels in the industry could release up to an additional 1.5 quads. however, such an industry would be unprofitable under current economic conditions with existing or near-commercial technology. As fossil resources become more expensive and biotechnology becomes more efficient, the economics will be more favorable. Use of the chemicals industry model to evaluate process technologies is demonstrated. Processes are identified which have potential for significant added value to the system if process improvements can be made to improve the economics. Guidelines and recommendations for research and development programs to improve the attractiveness of chemicals from biomass are discussed.

  7. Commercializing government-sponsored innovations: Twelve successful buildings case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Goel, R.K.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the commercialization and use of R and D results funded by DOE's Office of Buildings and Community Systems (OBCS), an office that is dedicated to improving the energy efficiency of the nation's buildings. Three goals guided the research described in this report: to improve understanding of the factors that hinder or facilitate the transfer of OBCS R and D results, to determine which technology transfer strategies are most effective and under what circumstances each is appropriate, and to document the market penetration and energy savings achieved by successfully-commercialized innovations that have received OBCS support. Twelve successfully-commercialized innovations are discussed here. The methodology employed involved a review of the literature, interviews with innovation program managers and industry personnel, and data collection from secondary sources. Six generic technology transfer strategies are also described. Of these, contracting R and D to industrial partners is found to be the most commonly used strategy in our case studies. The market penetration achieved to date by the innovations studied ranges from less than 1% to 100%. For the three innovations with the highest predicted levels of energy savings (i.e., the flame retention head oil burner, low-E windows, and solid-state ballasts), combined cumulative savings by the year 2000 are likely to approach 2 quads. To date the energy savings for these three innovations have been about 0.2 quads. Our case studies illustrate the important role federal agencies can play in commercializing new technologies. 27 refs., 21 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Characterizing emerging industrial technologies in energy models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laitner, John A. (Skip); Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina; Hanson, Donald A.

    2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Conservation supply curves are a common tool in economic analysis. As such, they provide an important opportunity to include a non-linear representation of technology and technological change in economy-wide models. Because supply curves are closely related to production isoquants, we explore the possibility of using bottom-up technology assessments to inform top-down representations of energy models of the U.S. economy. Based on a recent report by LBNL and ACEEE on emerging industrial technologies within the United States, we have constructed a supply curve for 54 such technologies for the year 2015. Each of the selected technologies has been assessed with respect to energy efficiency characteristics, likely energy savings by 2015, economics, and environmental performance, as well as needs for further development or implementation of the technology. The technical potential for primary energy savings of the 54 identified technologies is equal to 3.54 Quads, or 8.4 percent of the assume d2015 industrial energy consumption. Based on the supply curve, assuming a discount rate of 15 percent and 2015 prices as forecasted in the Annual Energy Outlook2002, we estimate the economic potential to be 2.66 Quads - or 6.3 percent of the assumed forecast consumption for 2015. In addition, we further estimate how much these industrial technologies might contribute to standard reference case projections, and how much additional energy savings might be available assuming a different mix of policies and incentives. Finally, we review the prospects for integrating the findings of this and similar studies into standard economic models. Although further work needs to be completed to provide the necessary link between supply curves and production isoquants, it is hoped that this link will be a useful starting point for discussion with developers of energy-economic models.

  9. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen; Williams, Alison; Chan, Peter

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the key impacts of Federal energy and water conservation standards adopted from 1987 through 2013. The standards for consumer products and commercial and industrial equipment include those set by legislation as well as standards adopted by DOE through rulemaking. In 2013, the standards saved an estimated 4.05 quads of primary energy, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. energy consumption. The savings in operating costs for households and businesses totaled $56 billion. The average household saved $361 in operating costs as a result of residential and plumbing product standards. The estimated reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions associated with the standards in 2013 was 218 million metric tons, which is equivalent to 4% of total U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The estimated cumulative energy savings over the period 1990-2090 amount to 181 quads. Accounting for the increased upfront costs of more-efficient products and the operating cost (energy and water) savings over the products’ lifetime, the standards have a past and projected cumulative net present value (NPV) of consumer benefit of between $1,271 billion and $1,487 billion, using 7 percent and 3 percent discount rates, respectively. The water conservation standards, together with energy conservation standards that also save water, reduced water use by 1.9 trillion gallons in 2013, and will achieve cumulative water savings by 2090 of 55 trillion gallons. The estimated consumer savings in 2013 from reduced water use amounted to $16 billon.

  10. Kraft black liquor combustion: Advancement in fundamental understanding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clay, D.T.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-generated fuel streams plus purchased fossil fuel and power supply the pulp and paper industry with its energy requirements. The total industry energy use for 1986 was approximately 2.3 Quad (2300 trillion Btus). Self-generated and residue fuels accounted for 57% of the energy requirements. Spent pulping liquors provide the single largest self-generated energy source, approximately one Quad (900 trillion Btus). The pulp and paper industry also leads the nation in cogeneration performance. In 1986 eighty-nine percent (89%) of the 46 billion KWHs generated were produced by cogeneration. Spent pulping liquors supply the single largest fuel source (35%) to these cogeneration facilities. Spent pulping liquors consist of solubilized wood organics, spent inorganic chemicals, and water. Since kraft pulp dominates the North American market, 74%, kraft black liquor is the dominant spent pulping liquor. Effective recovery of high level energy and chemicals from black liquor contributes heavily toward dominance of kraft pulping. The kraft chemical recovery cycle centers around the recovery boiler. Kraft recovery boilers have been commercially available for over 50 years. The potential still exists, however, for significant improvements in energy recovery and black liquor throughput. Potential energy benefits from black liquor combustion research amount to 30 trillion Btus. Energy recovery increases often are an additional benefit from modifications made to increase black liquor throughput. Capacity increases of at least 5% are often achievable. Increased energy productivity of the kraft chemical recovery boiler will come by incorporation of improved fundamental knowledge into the technology used for boiler upgrades and new boiler construction. 5 refs., 9 figs.

  11. PILOT-SCALE TESTING OF THE SUSPENSION OF MST, CST, AND SIMULATED SLUDGE SLURRIES IN A SLUDGE TANK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Qureshi, Z.; Restivo, M.; Steeper, T.; Williams, M.; Herman, D.

    2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process is being developed to remove cesium, strontium, and actinides from Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste using an existing waste tank (i.e., Tank 41H) to house the process. Following strontium, actinide, and cesium removal, the concentrated solids will be transported to a sludge tank (i.e., monosodium titanate (MST)/sludge solids to Tank 42H or Tank 51H and crystalline silicotitanate (CST) to Tank 40H) for eventual transfer to the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) is conducting pilot-scale mixing tests to determine the pump requirements for mixing MST, CST, and simulated sludge. The purpose of this pilot scale testing is to determine the pump requirements for mixing MST and CST with sludge in a sludge tank and to determine whether segregation of particles occurs during settling. Tank 40H and Tank 51H have four Quad Volute pumps; Tank 42H has four standard pumps. The pilot-scale tank is a 1/10.85 linear scaled model of Tank 40H. The tank diameter, tank liquid level, pump nozzle diameter, pump elevation, and cooling coil diameter are all 1/10.85 of their dimensions in Tank 40H. The pump locations correspond to the current locations in Tank 40H (Risers B2, H, B6, and G). The pumps are pilot-scale Quad Volute pumps. Additional settling tests were conducted in a 30 foot tall, 4 inch inner diameter clear column to investigate segregation of MST, CST, and simulated sludge particles during settling.

  12. Paleohydrologic investigations in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain: Late Quaternary paleobotanical and polynological records

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spaulding, W.G.

    1994-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this research in the vicinity of the proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository is the detection of episodes of increased runoff and groundwater discharge in this presently arid area. Ancient, inactive spring deposits in nearby valley bottoms (Haynes, 1967; Quade, 1986; Quade and Pratt, 1989), evidence for perennial water in presently dry canyons (Spaulding, 1992), and recent claims for extraordinary increases in precipitation during the last glacial age (Forester, 1994), provide good reason to further investigate both lowland spring-discharge habitats, and upland drainages. The ultimate purpose is to assess the long-term variability of the hydrologic system in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain in response to naturally occurring climatic changes. The data generated in the course of this study are derived from radiocarbon dated packrat (Neotoma) middens. This report presents the results of an initial assessment of the hydrologic stability of the candidate area based on a limited suite of middens from localities that, on geomorphic and hydrologic grounds, could have been close to ancient stream-side or spring environments. Paleoclimatic reconstructions are another means of studying the long-term climatic hydrologic stability of the Candidate Area include, and are also generated from packrat midden data. A different flora characterized the Candidate Area during the last glacial age in response to a cooler and wetter climate, and the plant species that comprised this flora can be used to reconstruct specific components of past climatic regimes. Thus, a secondary objective of this study is to compare the plant macrofossil data generated in this study to other records from the Candidate Area (Spaulding, 1985; Wigand, 1990) to determine if these new data are consistent with prior reconstructions. 66 refs., 4 figs., 13 tabs.

  13. Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Homan, GregoryK; Sanchez, Marla; Brown, RichardE; Lai, Judy

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents current and projected savings for ENERGY STAR labeled products, and details the status of the model as implemented in the September 2009 spreadsheets. ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency labeling program operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Since the program inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy efficient products, and currently labels more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with stakeholders. This report presents savings estimates for ENERGY STAR labeled products. We present estimates of energy, dollar, and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2008, annual forecasts for 2009 and 2010, and cumulative savings estimates for the period 1993 through 2008 and cumulative forecasts for the period 2009 through 2015. Through 2008 the program saved 8.8 Quads of primary energy and avoided the equivalent of 158 metric tones carbon (MtC). The forecast for the period 2009-2015 is 18.1 Quads or primary energy saved and 316 MtC emissions avoided. The sensitivity analysis bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 104 MtC and 213 MtC (1993 to 2008) and between 206 MtC and 444 MtC (2009 to 2015). In this report we address the following questions for ENERGY STAR labeled products: (1) How are ENERGY STAR impacts quantified; (2) What are the ENERGY STAR achievements; and (3) What are the limitations to our method?

  14. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, Stephen P.; McMahon, James; Atkinson, Barbara

    2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This study estimated energy, environmental and consumer economic impacts of U.S. Federal residential energy efficiency standards that became effective in the 1988-2006 period, and of energy efficiency standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts and distribution transformers. These standards have been the subject of in-depth analyses conducted as part of DOE's standards rulemaking process. This study drew on those analyses, but updated certain data and developed a common framework and assumptions for all of the products in order to estimate realized impacts and to update projected impacts. It also performed new analysis for the first (1990) fluorescent ballast standards, which had been introduced in the NAECA legislation without a rulemaking. We estimate that the considered standards will reduce residential/ commercial primary energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 by 4percent compared to the levels expected without any standards. The reduction for the residential sector is larger, at 8percent. The estimated cumulative energy savings from the standards amount to 39 quads by 2020, and 63 quads by 2030. The standards will also reduce emissions of carbon dioxide by considerable amounts.The estimated cumulative net present value of consumer benefit amounts to $241 billion by 2030, and grows to $269 billion by 2045. The overall ratio of consumer benefits to costs (in present value terms) in the 1987-2050 period is 2.7 to 1. Although the estimates made in this study are subject to a fair degree of uncertainty, we believe they provide a reasonable approximation of the national benefits resulting from Federal appliance efficiency standards.

  15. Leray weak solutions of the Incompressible Navier Stokes system on exterior domains via the artificial compressibility method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Donatelli; P. Marcati

    2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the Leray weak solutions of the incompressible Navier Stokes equation in an exterior domain.We describe, in particular, an hyperbolic version of the so called artificial compressibility method investigated by J.L.Lions and Temam. The convergence of these type of approximation show in general a lack of strong convergence due to the presence of acoustic waves. In this paper we face this difficulty by taking care of the dispersive nature of these waves by means of the Strichartz estimates or waves equations satisfied by the pressure. We actually decompose the pressure in different acoustic components, each one of them satisfies a specific initial boundary value problem. The strong convergence analysis of the velocity field will be achieved by using the associated Leray-Hodge decomposition.

  16. Three utilitarian writers: Bentham, Mill, and Shaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Gordon Duncan

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hiS five gears at the sohoo' to yreyare himself for Oxford) nevertheless, hs later Pelt, that his tire was not moll spent at VestIIIinster. His to;. ohers failed tO rSOOyniae hia talented hio Sehnel;Iotas One, aged in Sperta too strenuous for bine...Lsion. And these cLnslitiee hs ~s and emsccCLssa ~ in ~Lion ae the peart of his ~ mtd4h bs detccrminss aceocding to hia osa )~t ?nd ~e is a large ons? It is possibLs %at hs adght be y4ded in csace e psthc snd Leapt csct of haccscs wage wlthont any of se thing? Snt...

  17. Refinement of freeway surveillance & control techniques by optical speed and occupancy detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courage, K. G

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $pv't 1", h 'so''jT 07 7'77TT&(Ar S, p~rv; 7 Saon E: COP'SOJ ' j'CSIPZQ 7 3Y OTTTCAL SPT. " 'D '7'~D OCCU ACT D. '2~CT '-'i& A Thesis KZU77PTS GEANT COOM. ~'"' Subm tted to the Grec', uate Co13eSo o. ' the Texas l&Q4 Ur. iver sty in parti?1... stion. ". , " HRD Record 11o. 15 t, p. 2 t-)'(, lo67. CRAPTER II FFASIBII Ilv Ai, ALYSIS This cha?ter will d. eal with the Zeasibili+y of using a simple opt. i- cal speed trap as a s?pplement to pot detecLion in the measurement of traf'fic flow...

  18. Neumann-Type Boundary Conditions for Hamilton-Jacobi Equations in Smooth Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, Martin V. [Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0123 (United States)], E-mail: day@math.vt.edu

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Neumann or oblique derivative boundary conditions for viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations are considered. As developed by P.L. Lions, such boundary conditions are naturally associated with optimal control problems for which the state equations employ 'Skorokhod' or reflection dynamics to ensure that the state remains in a prescribed set, assumed here to have a smooth boundary. We develop connections between the standard formulation of viscosity boundary conditions and an alternative formulation using a naturally occurring discontinuous Hamiltonian which incorporates the reflection dynamics directly. (This avoids the dependence of such equivalence on existence and uniqueness results, which may not be available in some applications.) At points of differentiability, equivalent conditions for the boundary conditions are given in terms of the Hamiltonian and the geometry of the state trajectories using optimal controls.

  19. ASSESSMENT OF THE ABILITY OF STANDARD SLURRY PUMPS TO MIX MISCIBLE AND IMMISCIBLE LIQUIDS IN TANK 50H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tank 50H is the feed tank for the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF). At present, Tank 50H contains two standard slurry pumps and two Quad Volute slurry pumps. Current requirements and mixing operation is to run three pumps for one hour prior to initiating a feed transfer to SPF. Savannah River Site (SRS) Liquid Waste would like to move one or both of the Quad Volute pumps from Tank 50H to Tank 51H to replace pumps in Tank 51H that are failing. In addition, one of the standard pumps in Tank 50H exhibits high seal leakage and vibration. SRS Liquid Waste requested Savannah River National (SRNL) to conduct a study to evaluate the feasibility of mixing the contents of Tank 50H with one to three standard slurry pumps. To determine the pump requirements to blend miscible and immiscible liquids in Tank 50H, the author reviewed the pilot-scale blending work performed for the Salt Disposition Integration Project (SDIP) and the technical literature, and applied the results to Tank 50H to determine the number, size, and operating parameters needed to blend the tank contents. The conclusions from this analysis are: (1) A single rotating standard slurry pump (with a 13.6 ft{sup 2}/s U{sub 0}D) will be able to blend miscible liquids (i.e., salt solution) in Tank 50H within 4.4 hours. (2) Two rotating standard slurry pumps will be able to blend miscible liquids in Tank 50H within 3.1 hours. (3) Three rotating standard slurry pumps will be able to blend miscible liquids in Tank 50H within 2.5 hours. (4) A single rotating standard slurry pump (with a 13.6 ft{sup 2}/s U{sub 0}D) will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets that are less than or equal to 15 micron in diameter. If the droplets are less than 15 micron, they will be dispersed within 4.4 hours. Isopar L{reg_sign} provides a lower bound on the maximum size of droplets that will be dispersed by the slurry pumps in Tank 50H. (5) Two rotating standard slurry pumps will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets less than 15 micron within 3.1 hours, and three rotating standard slurry pumps will disperse Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets less than 15 micron within 2.5 hours. (6) If the Isopar L{reg_sign} droplets are drawn through the pump, they will be further reduced in size, with a maximum drop size less than 15 micron.

  20. Development of a Hydronic Rooftop Unit-HyPak-MA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Lee; Mark Berman

    2009-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The majority of U.S. commercial floor space is cooled by rooftop HVAC units (RTUs). RTU popularity derives chiefly from their low initial cost and relative ease of service access without disturbing building occupants. Unfortunately, current RTUs are inherently inefficient due to a combination of characteristics that unnecessarily increase cooling loads and energy use. 36% percent of annual U.S. energy, and two-thirds of electricity, is consumed in and by buildings. Commercial buildings consume approximately 4.2 quads of energy each year at a cost of $230 billion per year, with HVAC equipment consuming 1.2 quads of electricity. More than half of all U.S. commercial floor space is cooled by packaged HVAC units, most of which are rooftop units (RTUs). Inefficient RTUs create an estimated 3.5% of U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions, thus contributing significantly to global warming5. Also, RTUs often fail to maintain adequate ventilation air and air filtration, reducing indoor air quality. This is the second HyPak project to be supported by DOE through NETL. The prior project, referred to as HyPak-1 in this report, had two rounds of prototype fabrication and testing as well as computer modeling and market research. The HyPak-1 prototypes demonstrated the high performance capabilities of the HyPak concept, but made it clear that further development was required to reduce heat exchanger cost and improve system reliability before HyPak commercialization can commence. The HyPak-1 prototypes were limited to about 25% ventilation air fraction, limiting performance and marketability. The current project is intended to develop a 'mixed-air' product that is capable of full 0-100% modulation in ventilation air fraction, hence it was referred to as HyPak-MA in the proposal. (For simplicity, the -MA has been dropped when referencing the current project.) The objective of the HyPak Project is to design, develop and test a hydronic RTU that provides a quantum improvement over conventional RTU performance. Our proposal targeted 60% and 50% reduction in electrical energy use by the HyPak RTU for dry and humid climates, respectively, when compared with a conventional unit, and reduction in peak energy consumption of 50% and 33% respectively. In addition to performance targets, our goal is to develop a production-ready design with durability, reliability and maintainability similar to air-cooled packaged equipment, and that can be commercialized immediately following the conclusion of this project.

  1. High order beam features and fitting quadrupole scan data to particle code model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lysenko, W. P. (Walter P.); Garnett, R. W. (Robert W.); Gilpatrick, J. D. (John Douglas); Qiang, J. (Ji); Rybarcyk, L. J. (Lawrence J.); Ryne, Robert; Schneider, J. D. (J. David); Smith, H. V. (Horace V.); Young, L. M. (Lloyd M.); Schulze, M. E. (Martin E.)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quadrupole scans in the HEBT of the 6.7 MeV LEDA RFQ were analyzed to characterize the RFQ output beam. In previous work, profiles measured by the wire scanner were fit to models (beam parameterizations and HEBT simulations) to determine the transverse Courant-Snyder parameters {alpha}, {beta}, and {epsilon} at the RFQ exit. Unfortunately, at the larger quadrupole settings, the measured profiles showed features that were not present in any of our simulations. Here we describe our latest analysis, which resulted in very good fits by using an improved model for the RFQ output beam. The model beam was generated by the RFQ simulation code TOUTATIS. In our fitting code, this beam was distorted by linear transformations that changed the Courant-Snyder parameters to whatever values were required by the nonlinear optimizer while preserving the high-order features of the phase-space distribution. No new physics in the HEBT was required to explain our quad-scan results, just an improved initial beam. High-order features in the RFQ output beam apparently make a significant difference in behavior downstream of the RFQ. While this result gives us increased confidence in our codes, we still have a mystery: exactly what high-order features in the beam are responsible for the the strange behavior downstream. Understanding this phenomenon may be helpful to understanding our halo-experiment data. We have begun to study this by comparing higher-order moments of the TOUTATIS distribution with other distributions.

  2. BTA Magnet Field Map Archive and MAD Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glenn,J.W.

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note publishes some and information that has resided in private files. The attached tables were provided by Joseph Skelly from his archives. They show magnetic field measurements versus excitation current for the Booster to AGS transfer line quadrupoles and dipoles based on field measurements [we believe] were done by the Magnet Division. Also given are Ed Blesser's fifth order fits of field versus current. The results are given in 'Tesla' or T-M/M. These tables are attached to provide an archive of this data. The MAD model of the BTA line does have the same values as shown in the attached fits so the transfer was correct. MAD uses as its 'gradient' for quads Tesla per meter normalized to rigidity [B-rho]. The model of the BTA line in use uses the T-M/M given in the tables divided by the length to give T M which is then normalized by Brho. Thus, the input to the model appears to be correct. The original model is also attached as part of a memo by Skelly describing it.

  3. Space Heaters, Computers, Cell Phone Chargers: How Plugged In AreCommercial Buildings?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie; Brown, Richard; Busch, John; Pinckard, Margaret; Roberson, Judy

    2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Evidenceof electric plug loads in commercial buildings isvisible everyday: space heaters, portable fans, and the IT technician'stwo monitors connected to one PC. The Energy Information Administrationestimates that office and miscellaneous equipment together will consume2.18 quads in 2006, nearly 50 percent of U.S. commercial electricity use.Although the importance of commercial plug loads is documented, its verynature (diverse product types, products not installed when buildinginitially constructed, and products often hidden in closets) makes itdifficult to accurately count and categorize the end use.We auditedsixteen buildings in three cities (San Francisco, Atlanta, Pittsburgh)including office, medical and education building types. We inventoriedthe number and types of office and miscellaneous electric equipment aswell as estimated total energy consumption due to these product types. Intotal, we audited approximately 4,000 units of office equipment and 6,000units of miscellaneous equipment and covered a diverse range of productsranging from electric pencil sharpeners with a unit energy consumption(UEC) of 1 kWh/yr to a kiln with a UEC of 7,000 kWh/yr. Our paperpresents a summary of the density and type of plug load equipment foundas well as the estimated total energy consumption of the equipment.Additionally, we present equipment trends observed and provide insightsto how policy makers can target energy efficiency for this growing enduse.

  4. A compendium of energy conservation: Success stories 90

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy proudly presents this summary of some its most successful projects and activities. The projects included in this document have made significant contributions to improving energy efficiency and fuel flexibility in the United States. The energy savings that can be realized from these projects are considerable. Americans have shown an impressive ability to reduce energy consumption since 1973. Studies show that 34 quadrillion Btus (quads) of energy were saved in 1988 alone as a result of energy conservation and other factors. These savings, worth approximately $180 billion, represent more energy than the United States obtains from any other single source. The availability of new, energy-efficient technologies has been an important ingredient in achieving these savings. Federal efforts to develop and commercialize energy-saving technologies and processes are a part of the reason for this progress. Over the past 10 years, DOE has carefully invested more than $2 billion in hundreds of research and development (R D) projects to ensure the availability of advanced technology in the marketplace. These energy-efficient projects are carried out through DOE's Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy and reflect opportunities in the three energy-consuming, end-use sectors of the economy: buildings, transportation, and industry.

  5. The Eta Chamaeleontis Cluster Origin in the Sco-Cen OB Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamajek, E E; Feigelson, E D; Mamajek, Eric E.; Lawson, Warrick A.; Feigelson, Eric D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A young, nearby compact aggregate of X-ray emitting pre-main sequence stars was recently discovered in the vicinity of eta Cha (B8V). In this paper, we further investigate this cluster: its membership, its environs and origins. ROSAT HRI X-ray data for the cluster's T Tauri stars show high levels of magnetic activity and variability. The cluster has an anomalous X-ray luminosity function compared to other young clusters, deficient in stars with low, but detectable X-ray luminosities. This suggests that many low-mass members have escaped the surveyed core region. Photographic photometry from the USNO-A2.0 catalog indicates that additional, X-ray-quiet members exist in the cluster core region. The components of the eclipsing binary RS Cha, previously modeled in the literature as post-MS with discordant ages, are shown to be consistent with being coeval pre-MS stars. We compute the Galactic motion of the cluster from Hipparcos data, and compare it to other young stars and associations in the fourth Galactic quad...

  6. Indoor Environment Program 1991 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 38% of the energy consumed in the United States is used in buildings. Much of this energy can be saved by reducing buildings' air infiltration and ventilation, since the heat load associated with these processes is about 13 quads per year. However, because ventilation is the dominant mechanism for removing pollutants that originate indoors, reducing ventilation can cause undesirable side effects such as lowering indoor air quality and adversely affecting the health, comfort and productivity of building occupants. The purpose of this research is to increase the energy efficiency of buildings while maintaining or improving occupant health and comfort. The research explores energy use and efficiency of buildings; building ventilation and infiltration; the nature, sources, transport, transformation, and deposition of indoor air pollutants; and exposure and risk assessment for indoor air pollutants. Pollutants of particular interest include radon; volatile, semi-volatile and particulate organic compounds; and combustion emissions, including environmental tobacco smoke, CO, and NO[sub x]. The Program also conducts multidisciplinary studies on relationships between occupant health and comfort symptoms and factors within a building's environment. Air infiltration and ventilation rates are measured and modeled for residential and commercial buildings in order to understand energy transport and thermal losses from various components of building shells and ventilation systems. Methods for reducing energy losses are based on these studies. The effectiveness of various ventilation systems for pollutant removal is also investigated. Methods for characterizing ventilation and building energy use are developed for experimental and applied uses.

  7. Indoor Environment Program 1991 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 38% of the energy consumed in the United States is used in buildings. Much of this energy can be saved by reducing buildings` air infiltration and ventilation, since the heat load associated with these processes is about 13 quads per year. However, because ventilation is the dominant mechanism for removing pollutants that originate indoors, reducing ventilation can cause undesirable side effects such as lowering indoor air quality and adversely affecting the health, comfort and productivity of building occupants. The purpose of this research is to increase the energy efficiency of buildings while maintaining or improving occupant health and comfort. The research explores energy use and efficiency of buildings; building ventilation and infiltration; the nature, sources, transport, transformation, and deposition of indoor air pollutants; and exposure and risk assessment for indoor air pollutants. Pollutants of particular interest include radon; volatile, semi-volatile and particulate organic compounds; and combustion emissions, including environmental tobacco smoke, CO, and NO{sub x}. The Program also conducts multidisciplinary studies on relationships between occupant health and comfort symptoms and factors within a building`s environment. Air infiltration and ventilation rates are measured and modeled for residential and commercial buildings in order to understand energy transport and thermal losses from various components of building shells and ventilation systems. Methods for reducing energy losses are based on these studies. The effectiveness of various ventilation systems for pollutant removal is also investigated. Methods for characterizing ventilation and building energy use are developed for experimental and applied uses.

  8. Magnetic Measurement Results of the LCLS Undulator Quadrupoles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Scott; Caban, Keith; Nuhn, Heinz-Dieter; Reese, Ed; Wolf, Zachary; /SLAC; ,

    2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This note details the magnetic measurements and the magnetic center fiducializations that were performed on all of the thirty-six LCLS undulator quadrupoles. Temperature rise, standardization reproducibility, vacuum chamber effects and magnetic center reproducibility measurements are also presented. The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) undulator beam line has 33 girders, each with a LCLS undulator quadrupole which focuses and steers the beam through the beam line. Each quadrupole has main quadrupole coils, as well as separate horizontal and vertical trim coils. Thirty-six quadrupoles, thirty-three installed and three spares were, manufactured for the LCLS undulator system and all were measured to confirm that they met requirement specifications for integrated gradient, harmonics and for magnetic center shifts after current changes. The horizontal and vertical dipole trims of each quadrupole were similarly characterized. Each quadrupole was also fiducialized to its magnetic center. All characterizing measurements on the undulator quads were performed with their mirror plates on and after a standardization of three cycles from -6 to +6 to -6 amps. Since the undulator quadrupoles could be used as a focusing or defocusing magnet depending on their location, all quadrupoles were characterized as focusing and as defocusing quadrupoles. A subset of the undulator quadrupoles were used to verify that the undulator quadrupole design met specifications for temperature rise, standardization reproducibility and magnetic center reproducibility after splitting. The effects of the mirror plates on the undulator quadrupoles were also measured.

  9. Non-Destructive Evaluation of Thermal Spray Coating Interface Quality by Eddy Current Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.Mi; X. Zhao; R. Bayles

    2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal spray coating is usually applied through directing molten or softened particles at very high velocities onto a substrate. An eddy current non-destructive inspection technique is presented here for thermal spray coating interface quality characterization. Several high-velocity-oxy-fuel (HVOF) coated steel plates were produced with different surface preparation conditions before applying the coating, e.g., grit-blasted surface, wire-brush cleaned surface, and a dirty surface. A quad-frequency eddy current probe was used to manually scan over the coating surface to evaluate the bonding quality. Experimental results show that the three surface preparation conditions can be successfully differentiated by looking into the impedance difference observed from the eddy current probe. The measurement is fairly robust and consistent. More specimens are also prepared with variations of process parameters, such as spray angle, stand-off distance, and application of corrosion protective sealant, etc. They are blindly tested to evaluate the reliability of the eddy current system. Quantitative relations between the coating bond strength and the eddy current response are also established with the support of destructive testing. This non-contact, non-destructive, easy to use technique has the potential for evaluating the coating quality immediately after its application so that any defects can be corrected immediately.

  10. Microwave processing of ceramic oxide filaments. Annual report, FY1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogt, G.J.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the microwave filament processing project is to develop microwave techniques to manufacture continuous ceramic oxide filaments. Microwave processing uses the volumetric absorption of microwave power in oxide filament tows to drive off process solvents, to burn out organic binders, and to sinter the dried fibers to produce flexible, high-strength ceramic filaments. The technical goal is to advance filament processing technology by microwave heating more rapidly with less energy and at a lower cost than conventional processing, but with the same quality as conventional processing. The manufacturing goal is to collaborate with the 3M Company, a US manufacturer of ceramic oxide filaments, to evaluate the technology using a prototype filament system and to transfer the microwave technology to the 3M Company. Continuous ceramic filaments are a principal component in many advanced high temperature materials like continuous fiber ceramic composites (CFCC) and woven ceramic textiles. The use of continuous ceramic filaments in CFCC radiant burners, gas turbines, waste incineration, and hot gas filters in U.S. industry and power generation is estimated to save at least 2.16 quad/yr by year 2010 with energy cost savings of at least $8.1 billion. By year 2010, continuous ceramic filaments and CFCC`s have the potential to abate pollution emissions by 917,000 tons annually of nitrous oxide and 118 million tons annually of carbon dioxide (DOE Report OR-2002, February, 1994).

  11. Understanding and Mitigating Multicore Performance Issues on theAMD Opteron Architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levesque, John; Larkin, Jeff; Foster, Martyn; Glenski, Joe; Geissler, Garry; Whalen, Stephen; Waldecker, Brian; Carter, Jonathan; Skinner, David; He, Helen; Wasserman, Harvey; Shalf, John; Shan,Hongzhang; Strohmaier, Erich

    2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past 15 years, microprocessor performance hasdoubled approximately every 18 months through increased clock rates andprocessing efficiency. In the past few years, clock frequency growth hasstalled, and microprocessor manufacturers such as AMD have moved towardsdoubling the number of cores every 18 months in order to maintainhistorical growth rates in chip performance. This document investigatesthe ramifications of multicore processor technology on the new Cray XT4?systems based on AMD processor technology. We begin by walking throughthe AMD single-core and dual-core and upcoming quad-core processorarchitectures. This is followed by a discussion of methods for collectingperformance counter data to understand code performance on the Cray XT3?and XT4? systems. We then use the performance counter data to analyze theimpact of multicore processors on the performance of microbenchmarks suchas STREAM, application kernels such as the NAS Parallel Benchmarks, andfull application codes that comprise the NERSC-5 SSP benchmark suite. Weexplore compiler options and software optimization techniques that canmitigate the memory bandwidth contention that can reduce computingefficiency on multicore processors. The last section provides a casestudy of applying the dual-core optimizations to the NAS ParallelBenchmarks to dramatically improve their performance.

  12. Ceramic stationary gas turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roode, M. van

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of current industrial gas turbines is limited by the temperature and strength capabilities of the metallic structural materials in the engine hot section. Because of their superior high-temperature strength and durability, ceramics can be used as structural materials for hot section components (blades, nozzles, combustor liners) in innovative designs at increased turbine firing temperatures. The benefits include the ability to increase the turbine inlet temperature (TIT) to about 1200{degrees}C ({approx}2200{degrees}F) or more with uncooled ceramics. It has been projected that fully optimized stationary gas turbines would have a {approx}20 percent gain in thermal efficiency and {approx}40 percent gain in output power in simple cycle compared to all metal-engines with air-cooled components. Annual fuel savings in cogeneration in the U.S. would be on the order of 0.2 Quad by 2010. Emissions reductions to under 10 ppmv NO{sub x} are also forecast. This paper describes the progress on a three-phase, 6-year program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, to achieve significant performance improvements and emissions reductions in stationary gas turbines by replacing metallic hot section components with ceramic parts. Progress is being reported for the period September 1, 1994, through September 30, 1995.

  13. Using Surface Impedance for Calculating Wakefields in Flat Geometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bane, Karl; Stupakov, Gennady

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning with Maxwell's equations and assuming only that the wall interaction can be approximated by a surface impedance, we derive formulas for the generalized longitudinal and transverse impedance in flat geometry, from which the wakefields can also be obtained. From the generalized impedances, by taking the proper limits, we obtain the normal longitudinal, dipole, and quad impedances in flat geometry. These equations can be applied to any surface impedance, such as the known dc, ac, and anomalous skin models of wall resistance, a model of wall roughness, or one for a pipe with small, periodic corrugations. We show that, formore »the particular case of dc wall resistance, the longitudinal impedance obtained here agrees with a known result in the literature, a result that was derived from a very general formula by Henke and Napoly. As concrete example, we apply our results to representative beam and machine parameters in the undulator region of LCLS-II and estimate the impact of the transverse wakes on the machine performance.« less

  14. Resource-Efficient, Hierarchical Auto-Tuning of a Hybrid Lattice Boltzmann Computation on the Cray XT4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Computational Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Computer Science Department, University of California, Berkeley; Williams, Samuel; Carter, Jonathan; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Yelick, Katherine

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply auto-tuning to a hybrid MPI-pthreads lattice Boltzmann computation running on the Cray XT4 at National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). Previous work showed that multicore-specific auto-tuning can improve the performance of lattice Boltzmann magnetohydrodynamics (LBMHD) by a factor of 4x when running on dual- and quad-core Opteron dual-socket SMPs. We extend these studies to the distributed memory arena via a hybrid MPI/pthreads implementation. In addition to conventional auto-tuning at the local SMP node, we tune at the message-passing level to determine the optimal aspect ratio as well as the correct balance between MPI tasks and threads per MPI task. Our study presents a detailed performance analysis when moving along an isocurve of constant hardware usage: fixed total memory, total cores, and total nodes. Overall, our work points to approaches for improving intra- and inter-node efficiency on large-scale multicore systems for demanding scientific applications.

  15. Reactor protection system with automatic self-testing and diagnostic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, D.C.

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor protection system is disclosed having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Automatic detection and discrimination against failed sensors allows the reactor protection system to automatically enter a known state when sensor failures occur. Cross communication of sensor readings allows comparison of four theoretically ``identical`` values. This permits identification of sensor errors such as drift or malfunction. A diagnostic request for service is issued for errant sensor data. Automated self test and diagnostic monitoring, sensor input through output relay logic, virtually eliminate the need for manual surveillance testing. This provides an ability for each division to cross-check all divisions and to sense failures of the hardware logic. 16 figs.

  16. Fault-tolerant reactor protection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, D.C.

    1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor protection system is disclosed having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Each division performs independently of the others (asynchronous operation). All communications between the divisions are asynchronous. Each chassis substitutes its own spare sensor reading in the 2/3 vote if a sensor reading from one of the other chassis is faulty or missing. Therefore the presence of at least two valid sensor readings in excess of a set point is required before terminating the output to the hardware logic of a scram inhibition signal even when one of the four sensors is faulty or when one of the divisions is out of service. 16 figs.

  17. The US Hot Dry Rock project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.H.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hot Dry Rock geothermal energy project began in the early 1970's with the objective of developing a technology to make economically available the large ubiquitous thermal energy of the upper earth crust. The program has been funded by the Department of Energy (and its predecessors) and for a few years with participation by West Germany and Japan. An energy reservoir was accessed by drilling and hydraulically fracturing in the precambrian basement rock outside the Valles Caldera of north-central New Mexico. Water was circulated through the reservoir (Phase I, 1978-1980) producing up to 5 MWt at 132/sup 0/C. A second (Phase II) reservoir has been established with a deeper pair of holes and an initial flow test completed producing about 10 MWt at 190/sup 0/C. These accomplishments have been supported and paralleled by developments in drilling, well completion and instrumentation hardware. Acoustic or microseismic fracture mapping and geochemistry studies in addition to hydraulic and thermal data contribute to reservoir analyses. Studies of some of the estimated 430,000 quads of HDR resources in the United States have been made with special attention focused on sites most advantageous for early development.

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF A HYDRONIC ROOFTOP UNIT -- HYPAK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Lee; Dick Bourne; Mark Berman

    2004-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The majority of US commercial floor space is cooled by rooftop HVAC units (RTU's). RTU popularity derives chiefly from their low initial cost and relative ease of service access without disturbing building occupants. Unfortunately, current RTU's are inherently inefficient due to a combination of characteristics that unnecessarily increase cooling loads and energy use. Existing RTU's in the U.S. consume an estimated 2.4 quads annually. Inefficient RTU's create an estimated 3.5% of U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions, thus contributing significantly to global warming. Also, RTU's often fail to maintain adequate ventilation air and air filtration. This project was developed to evaluate the feasibility of a radically new ''HyPak'' RTU design that significantly and cost-effectively increases RTU performance and delivered air quality. The objective of the HyPak Project was to design, develop and test a hydronic RTU that provides a quantum improvement over conventional RTU performance. Our proposal targeted 60% and 50% reduction in electrical energy use by the HyPak RTU for dry and humid climates, respectively, when compared with a conventional unit.

  19. Combustion of municipal solid wastes with oil shale in a circulating fluidized bed. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem addressed by our invention is that of municipal solid waste utilization. The dimensions of the problem can be visualized by the common comparison that the average individual in America creates in five years time an amount of solid waste equivalent in weight to the Statue of Liberty. The combustible portion of the more than 11 billion tons of solid waste (including municipal solid waste) produced in the United States each year, if converted into useful energy, could provide 32 quads per year of badly needed domestic energy, or more than one-third of our annual energy consumption. Conversion efficiency and many other factors make such a production level unrealistic, but it is clear that we are dealing with a very significant potential resource. This report describes research pertaining to the co-combustion of oil shale with solid municipal wastes in a circulating fluidized bed. The oil shale adds significant fuel content and also constituents that can possible produce a useful cementitious ash.

  20. Regional growth and energy supply: Is there an energy security issue?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roop, J.M.; Freund, K.A.; Godoy-Kain, P.; Gu, A.Y.; Johnson, A.K.; Paananen, O.H.; Woodruff, M.G.

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines how the growth of the developing world might affect energy markets in the future. Based on recent growth trends, world energy demand could reasonably be expected to grow from about 350 Exajoules (EJ: 1.0E18=0.95 Quad) to nearly 1025 EJ by the year 2020, nearly 3x current consumption estimates. Introduction of more energy-efficient technologies could reduce this growth by about 17% to 830 EJ. But one cannot rely exclusively on current trends to forecast future energy demand. The growth of the developing world will interact with supply to affect prices, which in turn will mitigate the growth of demand, and growth rates of energy use will be much more modes. Under the Business as Usual scenario, energy demand will grow to 835 EJ by 2020, and this could be reduced a further 15% to 714 EJ through the adoption of more energy efficient technologies. Fuel prices based on model results are analyzed. Energy security implications of rapid growth in the developing world are considered and found to be of likely little significance.

  1. Advanced technology options for industrial heating equipment research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, R.C.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents a strategy for a comprehensive program plan that is applicable to the Combustion Equipment Program of the DOE Office of Industrial Technologies (the program). The program seeks to develop improved heating equipment and advanced control techniques which, by improvements in combustion and beat transfer, will increase energy-use efficiency and productivity in industrial processes and allow the preferred use of abundant, low grade and waste domestic fuels. While the plan development strategy endeavors to be consistent with the programmatic goals and policies of the office, it is primarily governed by the needs and concerns of the US heating equipment industry. The program, by nature, focuses on energy intensive industrial processes. According to the DOE Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), the industrial sector in the US consumed about 21 quads of energy in 1988 in the form of coal, petroleum, natural gas and electricity. This energy was used as fuels for industrial boilers and furnaces, for agricultural uses, for construction, as feedstocks for chemicals and plastics, and for steel, mining, motors, engines and other industrial use over 75 percent of this energy was consumed to provide heat and power for manufacturing industries. The largest consumers of fuel energy were the primary metals, chemical and allied products, paper and allied products, and stone, clay and glass industry groups which accounted for about 60% of the total fuel energy consumed by the US manufacturing sector.

  2. Fault-tolerant reactor protection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, Donald C. (Cupertino, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor protection system having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Each division performs independently of the others (asynchronous operation). All communications between the divisions are asynchronous. Each chassis substitutes its own spare sensor reading in the 2/3 vote if a sensor reading from one of the other chassis is faulty or missing. Therefore the presence of at least two valid sensor readings in excess of a set point is required before terminating the output to the hardware logic of a scram inhibition signal even when one of the four sensors is faulty or when one of the divisions is out of service.

  3. Octahedral spherical hohlraum and its laser arrangement for inertial fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan, Ke; He, Xian-Tu; Liu, Jie [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zheng, Wudi; Lai, Dongxian [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent publication [K. Lan et al., Phys. Plasmas 21, 010704 (2014)] proposed a spherical hohlraum with six laser entrance holes of octahedral symmetry at a specific hohlraum-to-capsule radius ratio of 5.14 for inertial fusion study, which has robust high symmetry during the capsule implosion and superiority on low backscatter without supplementary technology. This paper extends the previous one by studying the laser arrangement and constraints of octahedral hohlraum in detail. As a result, it has serious beam crossing at ?{sub L}?45°, and ?{sub L}=50° to 60° is proposed as the optimum candidate range for the golden octahedral hohlraum, here ?{sub L} is the opening angle that the laser quad beam makes with the Laser Entrance Hole (LEH) normal direction. In addition, the design of the LEH azimuthal angle should avoid laser spot overlapping on hohlraum wall and laser beam transferring outside hohlraum from a neighbor LEH. The octahedral hohlraums are flexible and can be applicable to diverse inertial fusion drive approaches. This paper also applies the octahedral hohlraum to the recent proposed hybrid indirect-direct drive approach.

  4. Reactor protection system with automatic self-testing and diagnostic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaubatz, Donald C. (Cupertino, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor protection system having four divisions, with quad redundant sensors for each scram parameter providing input to four independent microprocessor-based electronic chassis. Each electronic chassis acquires the scram parameter data from its own sensor, digitizes the information, and then transmits the sensor reading to the other three electronic chassis via optical fibers. To increase system availability and reduce false scrams, the reactor protection system employs two levels of voting on a need for reactor scram. The electronic chassis perform software divisional data processing, vote 2/3 with spare based upon information from all four sensors, and send the divisional scram signals to the hardware logic panel, which performs a 2/4 division vote on whether or not to initiate a reactor scram. Each chassis makes a divisional scram decision based on data from all sensors. Automatic detection and discrimination against failed sensors allows the reactor protection system to automatically enter a known state when sensor failures occur. Cross communication of sensor readings allows comparison of four theoretically "identical" values. This permits identification of sensor errors such as drift or malfunction. A diagnostic request for service is issued for errant sensor data. Automated self test and diagnostic monitoring, sensor input through output relay logic, virtually eliminate the need for manual surveillance testing. This provides an ability for each division to cross-check all divisions and to sense failures of the hardware logic.

  5. Semiconductor Ion Implanters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacKinnon, Barry A. [Isys, 2727 Walsh Ave., Suite 103, Santa Clara, CA 95051 (United States); Ruffell, John P. [Group 3, LLC, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1953 the Raytheon CK722 transistor was priced at $7.60. Based upon this, an Intel Xeon Quad Core processor containing 820,000,000 transistors should list at $6.2 billion. Particle accelerator technology plays an important part in the remarkable story of why that Intel product can be purchased today for a few hundred dollars. Most people of the mid twentieth century would be astonished at the ubiquity of semiconductors in the products we now buy and use every day. Though relatively expensive in the nineteen fifties they now exist in a wide range of items from high-end multicore microprocessors like the Intel product to disposable items containing 'only' hundreds or thousands like RFID chips and talking greeting cards. This historical development has been fueled by continuous advancement of the several individual technologies involved in the production of semiconductor devices including Ion Implantation and the charged particle beamlines at the heart of implant machines. In the course of its 40 year development, the worldwide implanter industry has reached annual sales levels around $2B, installed thousands of dedicated machines and directly employs thousands of workers. It represents in all these measures, as much and possibly more than any other industrial application of particle accelerator technology. This presentation discusses the history of implanter development. It touches on some of the people involved and on some of the developmental changes and challenges imposed as the requirements of the semiconductor industry evolved.

  6. ABWR start-up test analysis using BWR core simulator with three-dimensional direct response matrix method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitsuyasu, T.; Ishii, K.; Hino, T.; Aoyama, M. [Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi Research Laboratory, 2-1 Omika-cho 7-chome, Hitachi-shi Ibaraki-ken, 319-1221 (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ABWR start-up test analysis has been done with the BWR core simulator using the three--dimensional direct response matrix (3D-DRM) method. The Monte Carlo code VMONT made the sub-response matrices for the 3D-DRM method. Each boundary surface was subdivided by 4 x 4 for transverse segments, by 4 for angular segments and by 4 for axial zones in a node. For the calculation speedup, the 3D-DRM code used the divided sub-response matrices data set. The code used the MPI and OpenMP for the parallelized method. The median value is set as the average critical eigenvalues. The changes from the maximum value to the minimum value are 0.34 %{Delta}k with the spectral history method and 0.40 %{Delta}k without it, and the respective standard deviations were 0.12 % and 0.14 %. Using the spectral history method decreased the variation by 0.06 %{Delta}k. The root mean square differences of the axial power distribution were about 6 % between the analysis results and the plant data. Using the currents which converged in the previous exposure step reduced the number of iterations when the CR pattern changed only slightly. The averaged calculation time for each exposure step was about 5 hours on 12 PC Linux cluster servers with Core 2 Quad 3 GHz. (authors)

  7. Understand the potential of electro-separations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byers, C.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Amarnath, A. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unit operations to separate and purify chemicals consume over 4 Quads (10[sup 15] Btu) of energy in the US alone each year. They also directly or indirectly generate considerable amounts of emissions. These economic and environmental pressures pose challenges that will require new processing approaches. The authors feel that electro-separations will play a leading role in achieving the efficiency and environmental improvements that will be demanded of the chemical process industries (CPI) in the early 21st Century. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the status of electro-separations. But first, to avoid any confusion, they clarify what they mean by the term electro-separations. Conventionally, it refers only to electrolysis-type technologies, such as electrophoresis, electrokinetics, and electrodialysis. Instead, they propose a broader definition: the use of electricity, or electro-magnetic fields to produce and enhance chemical or physical separation. The definition thus includes such processes as electro- and dielectric filtration, magnetic separation, any process where electric or magnetic fields profoundly affect the transport rate, and numerous other technologies that are now in early development but, with adequate support, may become preeminent separation technologies. The relative significance of this broad palette of technologies to the emerging needs of the CPI is the subject of their ongoing study.

  8. Magma energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, J.C.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal energy contained in magmatic systems represents a huge potential resource. In the US, useful energy contained in molten and partially-molten magma within the upper 10 km of the crust has been estimated at 5 to 50 x 10/sup 22/ J (50,000 to 500,000 Quads). The objective of the Magma Energy Extraction Program is to determine the engineering feasibility of locating, accessing, and utilizing magma as a viable energy resource. This program follows the DOE/OBES-funded Magma Energy Research Project that concluded scientific feasibility of the magma energy concept. A primary long-range goal of this program is to conduct an energy extraction experiment directly in a molten, crustal magma body. Critical to determining engineering feasibility are several key technology tasks: (1) Geophysics - to obtain detailed definition of potential magma targets, (2) Geochemistry/Materials - to characterize the magma environment and select compatible engineering materials, (3) Drilling - to develop drilling and completion techniques for entry into a magma body, and (4) Energy Extraction - to develop heat extraction technology.

  9. FlexiWay: A Cache Energy Saving Technique Using Fine-grained Cache Reconfiguration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mittal, Sparsh [ORNL] ORNL; Zhang, Zhao [Iowa State University] Iowa State University; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL] ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent trends of CMOS scaling and use of large last level caches (LLCs) have led to significant increase in the leakage energy consumption of LLCs and hence, managing their energy consumption has become extremely important in modern processor design. The conventional cache energy saving techniques require offline profiling or provide only coarse granularity of cache allocation. We present FlexiWay, a cache energy saving technique which uses dynamic cache reconfiguration. FlexiWay logically divides the cache sets into multiple (e.g. 16) modules and dynamically turns off suitable and possibly different number of cache ways in each module. FlexiWay has very small implementation overhead and it provides fine-grain cache allocation even with caches of typical associativity, e.g. an 8-way cache. Microarchitectural simulations have been performed using an x86-64 simulator and workloads from SPEC2006 suite. Also, FlexiWay has been compared with two conventional energy saving techniques. The results show that FlexiWay provides largest energy saving and incurs only small loss in performance. For single, dual and quad core systems, the average energy saving using FlexiWay are 26.2%, 25.7% and 22.4%, respectively.

  10. Steam systems in industry: Energy use and energy efficiency improvement potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Einstein, Dan; Worrell, Ernst; Khrushch, Marta

    2001-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Steam systems are a part of almost every major industrial process today. Thirty-seven percent of the fossil fuel burned in US industry is burned to produce steam. In this paper we will establish baseline energy consumption for steam systems. Based on a detailed analysis of boiler energy use we estimate current energy use in boilers in U.S. industry at 6.1 Quads (6.4 EJ), emitting almost 66 MtC in CO{sub 2} emissions. We will discuss fuels used and boiler size distribution. We also describe potential savings measures, and estimate the economic energy savings potential in U.S. industry (i.e. having payback period of 3 years or less). We estimate the nationwide economic potential, based on the evaluation of 16 individual measures in steam generation and distribution. The analysis excludes the efficient use of steam and increased heat recovery. Based on the analysis we estimate the economic potential at 18-20% of total boiler energy use, resulting in energy savings approximately 1120-1190 TBtu ( 1180-1260 PJ). This results in a reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions equivalent to 12-13 MtC.

  11. Stratabound geothermal resources in North Dakota and South Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosnold, W.D. Jr.

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of all geothermal aquifers in North Dakota and South Dakota indicates an accessible resource base of approximately 21.25 exajoules (10{sup 18} J = 1 exajoule, 10{sup 18} J{approximately}10{sup 15} Btu=1 quad) in North Dakota and approximately 12.25 exajoules in South Dakota. Resource temperatures range from 40{degree}C at depths of about 700 m to 150{degree}C at 4500 m. This resource assessment increases the identified accessible resource base by 31% over the previous assessments. These results imply that the total stratabound geothermal resource in conduction-dominated systems in the United States is two-to-three times greater than some current estimates. The large increase in the identified accessible resource base is primarily due to inclusion of all potential geothermal aquifers in the resource assessment and secondarily due to the expanded data base compiled in this study. These factors were interdependent in that the extensive data base provided the means for inclusion of all potential geothermal aquifers in the analysis. Previous assessments included only well-known aquifer systems and were limited by the amount of available data. 40 refs., 16 figs., 8 tabs.

  12. Using Surface Impedance for Calculating Wakefields in Flat Geometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bane, Karl; Stupakov, Gennady

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning with Maxwell's equations and assuming only that the wall interaction can be approximated by a surface impedance, we derive formulas for the generalized longitudinal and transverse impedance in flat geometry, from which the wakefields can also be obtained. From the generalized impedances, by taking the proper limits, we obtain the normal longitudinal, dipole, and quad impedances in flat geometry. These equations can be applied to any surface impedance, such as the known dc, ac, and anomalous skin models of wall resistance, a model of wall roughness, or one for a pipe with small, periodic corrugations. We show that, for the particular case of dc wall resistance, the longitudinal impedance obtained here agrees with a known result in the literature, a result that was derived from a very general formula by Henke and Napoly. As concrete example, we apply our results to representative beam and machine parameters in the undulator region of LCLS-II and estimate the impact of the transverse wakes on the machine performance.

  13. Determining the Lensing Fraction of SDSS Quasars Methods and Results from the EDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pindor, B; Lupton, R H; Brinkmann, J; Pindor, Bart; Turner, Edwin L.; Lupton, Robert H.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an algorithm for selecting gravitational lens candidates from amongst Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) quasars. In median Early Data Release (EDR) conditions, the algorithm allows for the recovery of pairs of equal flux point sources down to separations of $\\sim 0{\\farcs}7$ or with flux ratios up to $\\sim$ 10:1 at a separation of $1\\farcs5$. The algorithm also recovers a wide variety of plausible quad geometries. We also present a method for determining the selection function of this algorithm through the use of simulated SDSS images and introduce a method for calibrating our simulated images through truth-testing with real SDSS data. Finally, we apply our algorithm and selection function to SDSS quasars from the EDR to get an upper bound on the lensing fraction. We find 13 candidates among 5120 z $>$ 0.6 SDSS quasars, implying an observed lensing fraction of not more than 4 $\\times 10^{-3}$. There is one likely lens system in our final sample, implying an observed lensing fraction of not less than ...

  14. Determining the Lensing Fraction of SDSS Quasars: Methods and Results from the EDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bart Pindor; Edwin L. Turner; Robert H. Lupton; J. Brinkmann

    2003-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an algorithm for selecting gravitational lens candidates from amongst Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) quasars. In median Early Data Release (EDR) conditions, the algorithm allows for the recovery of pairs of equal flux point sources down to separations of $\\sim 0{\\farcs}7$ or with flux ratios up to $\\sim$ 10:1 at a separation of $1\\farcs5$. The algorithm also recovers a wide variety of plausible quad geometries. We also present a method for determining the selection function of this algorithm through the use of simulated SDSS images and introduce a method for calibrating our simulated images through truth-testing with real SDSS data. Finally, we apply our algorithm and selection function to SDSS quasars from the EDR to get an upper bound on the lensing fraction. We find 13 candidates among 5120 z $>$ 0.6 SDSS quasars, implying an observed lensing fraction of not more than 4 $\\times 10^{-3}$. There is one likely lens system in our final sample, implying an observed lensing fraction of not less than $3 \\times 10^{-5}$ (95% confidence levels).

  15. Shallow waters: The ``other'' Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perdue, J.M.

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Minerals Management Service (MMS) reported 3.21 billion bbl of petroleum and 30.8 Tcf of natural gas remained at the end of 1997 as proved reserves on the shelf. That is a 14.6% increase in oil reserves and a 4.5% increase in gas reserves compared to the previous year's estimates. An additional 1.03 billion bbl of oil and 3.9 Tcf of gas are estimated to be unproved reserves in 51 unproved active fields, with 16 other unproved fields not yet studied. The small fields that remain on the continental shelf account for 22% of US oil production (800,000 b/d) and 27% of the country's natural gas production (13 Bcf). Of the nearly 8,200 active leases on the shelf, a mere 200 account for the lion's share of this oil and gas. But that doesn't mean there aren't any new fields left to find.

  16. HOOPER BAY HOUSING ANALYSIS AND ENERGY FEASIBILITY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEA LION CORPORATION; COLD CLIMATE HOUSING RESEARCH CENTER; SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTHY BREATHING; WHITNEY CONSTRUCTION

    2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Sea Lion applied for and received a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) towards this end titled â??Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Countryâ?. The initial objectives of the Hooper Bay Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study were to demonstrate a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the Tribe through: (1) partnering with Whitney Construction and Solutions for Healthy Breathing in the training and hire of 2 local energy assessors to conduct energy audits of 9 representative housing models and 2 commercial units in the community. These homes are representative of 52 homes constructed across different eras. (2) partnering with Cold Climate Housing Research Center to document current electrical and heating energy consumption and analyze data for a final feasibility report (3) assessing the economics of electricity & heating fuel usage; (4) projecting energy savings or fossil fuel reduction by modeling of improvement scenarios and cost feasibility The following two objectives will be completed after the publication of this report: (5) the development of materials lists for energy efficiency improvements (6) identifying financing options for the follow-up energy efficiency implementation phase.

  17. Archaeofaunal insights on pinniped-human interactions in the northeastern Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford-Gonzales, D; Newsome, S; Koch, P; Guilderson, T; Snodgrass, J; Burton, R

    2004-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Human exploitation of pinnipeds has considerable antiquity but shows increasing impacts on population numbers in the Holocene. Pinnipeds are a rich source of fat as well as protein. A few well-documented cases of regional extirpation of seals and sea lions by non-industrial peoples exist. The northeastern Pacific region, from southern California to Alaska, has yielded archaeological evidence for distributions and abundances of eared seals that differs markedly from historically documented biogeography. This is especially true of the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), among the most common pinnipeds in many archaeological sites from the Santa Barbara Channel area through to Kodiak Islands. This chapter reviews contemporary eared seal biogeography, evidence for the earlier timing and extent, of occurrence of northern fur seals along the northeastern Pacific coast, zooarchaeological and isotopic evidence for their foraging and probable maintenance of rookeries in lower latitudes, and for their disappearance from the southernmost part of their ancient distribution well before European contact. It also reviews ongoing debates over the behavioral ecology of ancient fur seals and over humans role in contributing to their disappearance.

  18. Building a Successful Communications Program Based on the Needs and Characteristics of the Affected Communities - 13152

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herod, Judy; Mahabir, Alexandra; Holmes, Sandy [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Port Hope, ON, L1A 3S4 (Canada)] [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Port Hope, ON, L1A 3S4 (Canada)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 200 local residents streamed through the doors of the Port Hope Lions Centre to see the detailed plans for the historic low-level radioactive waste clean-up project about to take place in their community. The event had a congenial atmosphere as people walked through the hall taking in rows of display panels that explained each element of the project, asked questions of project staff stationed around the room and chatted with friends and neighbours over light refreshments. Later that year, the results of the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) 10. annual public attitude survey revealed an all-time high in community awareness of the project (94%) and the highest levels of confidence (84%) recorded since surveying began. Today, as the PHAI transitions from a decade of scientific and technical studies to implementation, the success of its communications program - as evidenced by the above examples - offers room for cautious encouragement. The PHAI has spent the past 10 years developing relationships with the southern Ontario communities of Port Hope and Port Granby in preparation for Canada's largest low-level radioactive waste environmental restoration project. These relationships have been built around a strong understanding of the communities' individual needs and characteristics and on the PHAI's efforts to consider and respond to these needs. The successes of the past, as well as the lessons learned, will inform the next stage of communications as the projects move into waste excavation and transportation and building of the long-term waste management facilities. (authors)

  19. Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milton, J.D. [CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States); Edwards, E.B. [ Ogle & Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States); Heck, R.G. [Ogle & Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

  20. Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milton, J.D. (CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States)); Edwards, E.B. ( Ogle Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States)); Heck, R.G. (Ogle Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)) (and others)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

  1. Estimation of Energy Savings Resulting From the BestPractices Program, Fiscal Year 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truett, LF

    2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has a vision of a future with clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable energy. Within EERE, the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP), formerly the Office of Industrial Technologies, works in partnership with industry to increase energy efficiency, improve environmental performance, and boost productivity. The BestPractices (BP) Program, within ITP, works directly with industries to encourage energy efficiency. The purpose of the BP Program is to improve energy utilization and management practices in the industrial sector. The program targets distinct technology areas, including pumps, process heating, steam, compressed air, motors, and insulation. This targeting is accomplished with a variety of delivery channels, such as computer software, printed publications, Internet-based resources, technical training, technical assessments, and other technical assistance. A team of program evaluators from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was tasked to evaluate the fiscal year 2002 (FY02) energy savings of the program. The ORNL assessment enumerates levels of program activity for technology areas across delivery channels. In addition, several mechanisms that target multiple technology areas--e.g., Plant-wide Assessments (PWAs), the ''Energy Matters'' newsletter, and special events--are also evaluated for their impacts. When possible, the assessment relies on published reports and the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) database for estimates of energy savings that result from particular actions. Data were also provided by ORNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Project Performance Corporation (PPC), the ITP Clearinghouse at Washington State University, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Energetics Inc., and the Industrial Technologies Program Office. The estimated energy savings in FY02 resulting from activities of the BP Program are almost 81.9 trillion Btu (0.0819 Quad), which is about 0.25% of the 32.5 Quads of energy consumed during FY02 by the industrial sector in the United States. The technology area with the largest estimated savings is steam, with 32% of the total energy savings. The delivery mechanism with the largest savings is that of software systems distribution, encompassing 44% of the total savings. Training results in an energy savings of 33%. Energy savings from PWAs and PWA replications equal 10%. Sources of overestimation of energy savings might derive from (1) a possible overlap of energy savings resulting from separate events (delivery channels) occurring in conjunction with one another (e.g., a training event and CTA at the same plant), and (2) a possible issue with the use of the average CTA value to assess savings for training and software distribution. Any overestimation attributable to these sources probably is outweighed by underestimations caused by the exclusion of savings resulting from general awareness workshops, data not submitted to the ITP Tracking Database, omission of savings attributable to web downloads of publications, use of BP products by participants over multiple years, and the continued utilization of equipment installed or replaced in previous years. Next steps in improving these energy savings estimates include continuing to enhance the design of the ITP Tracking Database and to improve reporting of program activities for the distribution of products and services; obtaining more detailed information on implementation rates and savings estimates for software training, tools, and assessments; continuing attempts to quantify savings based on Qualified Specialist activities; defining a methodology for assessing savings based on web downloads of publications; establishing a protocol for evaluating savings from other BP-sponsored events and activities; and continuing to refine the estimation methodology and reduction factors.

  2. Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

    2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

  3. Development of High Efficacy, Low Cost Phosphorescent Oled Lightning Luminaire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Hack

    2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this two year program, UDC together with Armstrong World Industries, Professor Stephen Forrest (University of Michigan) and Professor Mark Thompson (University of Southern California) planned to develop and deliver high efficiency OLED lighting luminaires as part of an integrated ceiling illumination system that exceed the Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 performance projections. Specifically the UDC team in 2010 delivered two prototype OLED ceiling illumination systems, each consisting of four individual OLED lighting panels on glass integrated into Armstrong's novel TechZone open architecture ceiling systems, at an overall system efficacy of 51 lm/W, a CRI = 85 and a projected lifetime to 70% of initial luminance to exceed 10,000 hours. This accomplishment represents a 50% increase in luminaire efficacy and a factor of two in lifetime over that outlined in the solicitation. In addition, the team has also delivered one 15cm x 15cm lighting panel fabricated on a flexible metal foil substrate, demonstrating the possibility using OLEDs in a range of form factors. During this program, our Team has pursued the commercialization of these OLED based ceiling luminaires, with a goal to launch commercial products within the next three years. We have proven that our team is ideally suited to develop these highly novel and efficient solid state lighting luminaires, having both the technical experience and commercial strategy to leverage work performed under this contract. Our calculations show that the success of our program could lead to energy savings of more than 0.5 quads or 8 MMTC (million metric tons of carbon) per year by 2016.

  4. Laboratory test results on the thermal resistance of polyisocyanurate foamboard insulation blown with CFC-11 substitutes: A cooperative industry/government project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McElroy, D.L.; Graves, R.S.; Yarbrough, D.W.; Weaver, F.J.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fully halogenated chlorofluorocarbon gases (CFC-11 and CFC-12) are used as blowing agents for foam insulations for building and appliance applications. The thermal resistance per unit thickness of these insulations is greater than that of other commercially available insulations. Mandated reductions in the production of these chemicals may lead to less efficient substitutes and increase US energy consumption by one quad or more. This report describes laboratory thermal and aging tests on a set of industry-produced, experimental polyisocyanurate (PIR) laminate boardstock to evaluate the viability of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFSs) as alternative blowing agents to chlorofluorcarbon-11 (CFC-11). The PIR boards were blown with five gases: CFC-11, HCFC- 123, HCFC-141b, and 50/50 and 65/35 blends of HCFC-123/HCFC-141b. These HCFC gases have a lower ozone depletion potential than CFC-11 or CFC-12. Apparent thermal conductivity (k) was determined from 0 to 50{degrees}C. Results on the laminate boards provide an independent laboratory check on the increase in k observed for field exposure in the Roof Thermal Research Apparatus (RTRA). The measured laboratory increase in k was between 8 and 11% after a 240-d field exposure in the RTRA. Results are reported on a thin-specimen, aging procedure to establish the long-term thermal resistance of gas-filled foams. These thin specimens were planed from the industry-produced boardstock foams and aged at 75 and 150{degrees}F for up to 300 d. The resulting k-values were correlated with an exponential dependency on (diffusion coefficient {times} time){sup {1/2}}/thickness and provided diffusion coefficients for air components into, and blowing agent out of, the foam. This aging procedure was used to predict the five-year thermal resistivity of the foams. The thin-specimen aging procedure is supported with calculations by a computer model for aging of foams. 43 refs., 33 figs., 25 tabs.

  5. Decentalized solar photovoltaic energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krupka, M. C.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental data for decentralized solar photovoltaic systems have been generated in support of the Technology Assessment of Solar Energy Systems program (TASE). Emphasis has been placed upon the selection and use of a model residential photovoltaic system to develop and quantify the necessary data. The model consists of a reference home located in Phoenix, AZ, utilizing a unique solar cell array-roof shingle combination. Silicon solar cells, rated at 13.5% efficiency at 28/sup 0/C and 100 mW/cm/sup 2/ (AMI) insolation are used to generate approx. 10 kW (peak). An all-electric home is considered with lead-acid battery storage, dc-ac inversion and utility backup. The reference home is compared to others in regions of different insolation. Major material requirements, scaled to quad levels of end-use energy include significant quantities of silicon, copper, lead, antimony, sulfuric acid and plastics. Operating residuals generated are negligible with the exception of those from the storage battery due to a short (10-year) lifetime. A brief general discussion of other environmental, health, and safety and resource availability impacts is presented. It is suggested that solar cell materials production and fabrication may have the major environmental impact when comparing all facets of photovoltaic system usage. Fabrication of the various types of solar cell systems involves the need, handling, and transportation of many toxic and hazardous chemicals with attendant health and safety impacts. Increases in production of such materials as lead, antimony, sulfuric acid, copper, plastics, cadmium and gallium will be required should large scale usage of photovoltaic systems be implemented.

  6. Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

    2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

  7. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, C.; Puttagunta, S.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring(tm), A.O. Smith Voltex(r), and Stiebel Eltron Accelera(r)300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

  8. Steam atmosphere drying concepts using steam exhaust recompression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.A. (TECOGEN, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the US industrial drying accounts for approximately 1.5 quads of energy use per year. Annual industrial dryer expenditures are estimated to be in the $500 million range. Industrial drying is a significant energy and monetary expense. For the thermal drying processes in which water is removed via evaporation from the feedstock, attempts have been made to reduce the consumption of energy using exhaust waste heat recovery techniques, improved dryer designs, or even the deployment of advanced mechanical dewatering techniques. Despite these efforts, it is obvious that a large amount of thermal energy is often still lost if the latent heat of evaporation from the evaporated water cannot be recovered and/or in some way be utilized as direct heat input into the dryer. Tecogen Inc. is conducting research and development on an industrial drying concept. That utilizes a directly or indirectly superheated steam cycle atmosphere with exhaust steam recompression to recover the latent heat in the exhaust that would otherwise be lost. This approach has the potential to save 55 percent of the energy required by a conventional air dryer. Other advantages to the industrial dryer user include: A 35-percent reduction in the yearly cost per kg[sub evap] to dry wet feedstock, Reduced airborne emissions, Reduced dry dust fire/explosion risks, Hot product not exposed to oxygen thus, the product quality is enhanced, Constant rate drying in steam atmosphere, Reduced dryer size and cost, Reduced dryer heat losses due to lower dryer inlet temperatures. Tecogen has projected that the steam atmosphere drying system is most suitable as a replacement technology for state-of-the-art spray, flash, and fluidized bed drying systems. Such systems are utilized in the food and kindred products; rubber products; chemical and allied products; stone, clay, and glass; textiles; and pulp and paper industrial sectors.

  9. Steam atmosphere drying concepts using steam exhaust recompression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.A. [TECOGEN, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States)

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the US industrial drying accounts for approximately 1.5 quads of energy use per year. Annual industrial dryer expenditures are estimated to be in the $500 million range. Industrial drying is a significant energy and monetary expense. For the thermal drying processes in which water is removed via evaporation from the feedstock, attempts have been made to reduce the consumption of energy using exhaust waste heat recovery techniques, improved dryer designs, or even the deployment of advanced mechanical dewatering techniques. Despite these efforts, it is obvious that a large amount of thermal energy is often still lost if the latent heat of evaporation from the evaporated water cannot be recovered and/or in some way be utilized as direct heat input into the dryer. Tecogen Inc. is conducting research and development on an industrial drying concept. That utilizes a directly or indirectly superheated steam cycle atmosphere with exhaust steam recompression to recover the latent heat in the exhaust that would otherwise be lost. This approach has the potential to save 55 percent of the energy required by a conventional air dryer. Other advantages to the industrial dryer user include: A 35-percent reduction in the yearly cost per kg{sub evap} to dry wet feedstock, Reduced airborne emissions, Reduced dry dust fire/explosion risks, Hot product not exposed to oxygen thus, the product quality is enhanced, Constant rate drying in steam atmosphere, Reduced dryer size and cost, Reduced dryer heat losses due to lower dryer inlet temperatures. Tecogen has projected that the steam atmosphere drying system is most suitable as a replacement technology for state-of-the-art spray, flash, and fluidized bed drying systems. Such systems are utilized in the food and kindred products; rubber products; chemical and allied products; stone, clay, and glass; textiles; and pulp and paper industrial sectors.

  10. GPU-accelerated 3D neutron diffusion code based on finite difference method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Q.; Yu, G.; Wang, K. [Dept. of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua Univ. (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite difference method, as a traditional numerical solution to neutron diffusion equation, although considered simpler and more precise than the coarse mesh nodal methods, has a bottle neck to be widely applied caused by the huge memory and unendurable computation time it requires. In recent years, the concept of General-Purpose computation on GPUs has provided us with a powerful computational engine for scientific research. In this study, a GPU-Accelerated multi-group 3D neutron diffusion code based on finite difference method was developed. First, a clean-sheet neutron diffusion code (3DFD-CPU) was written in C++ on the CPU architecture, and later ported to GPUs under NVIDIA's CUDA platform (3DFD-GPU). The IAEA 3D PWR benchmark problem was calculated in the numerical test, where three different codes, including the original CPU-based sequential code, the HYPRE (High Performance Pre-conditioners)-based diffusion code and CITATION, were used as counterpoints to test the efficiency and accuracy of the GPU-based program. The results demonstrate both high efficiency and adequate accuracy of the GPU implementation for neutron diffusion equation. A speedup factor of about 46 times was obtained, using NVIDIA's Geforce GTX470 GPU card against a 2.50 GHz Intel Quad Q9300 CPU processor. Compared with the HYPRE-based code performing in parallel on an 8-core tower server, the speedup of about 2 still could be observed. More encouragingly, without any mathematical acceleration technology, the GPU implementation ran about 5 times faster than CITATION which was speeded up by using the SOR method and Chebyshev extrapolation technique. (authors)

  11. Prompt non-tire rubber recycling : final report for phases 1 and 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, F. G.; Daniels, E. J.

    1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes an assessment conducted by Environmental Technologies Alternatives, Inc., under a subcontract to Argonne National Laboratory. The project was conducted in two phases. An assessment of alternative technologies for recycling of prompt non-tire rubber was conducted in the first phase, and an experimental program focusing on a new technology called the catalytic Regeneration Process offered the greatest opportunity for recovery of high-value recyclable rubber material. An experimental and large-scale test program was undertaken to further delineate the economic potential as an essential step leading to commercial deployment and to determine the course of continued development of the technology by the private sector. The experimental program defined process-operating conditions for the technology and verified the degree of devulcanisation achievable for two rubber compounds: ethylene-propylene-nonconjugated-diene monomer (EPDM) and neoprene. To determine product acceptance, samples of devulcanized EPDM and neoprene were prepared and used in factory trials for the production of automotive moldings (EPDM) and fiber-filled belting (neoprene). The factory trials indicated that the physical properties of the products were acceptable in both cases. The appearance of molded and calendared surface finishes was acceptable, while that of extruded finishes was unsatisfactory. The fiber-filled neoprene belting application offers the greatest economic potential. Process costs were estimated at $0.34/lb for neoprene waste rubber relative to a value of $0.57/lb. The results of the experimental program led to the decision to continue development of this technology is being planned, subject to the availability of about $3 million in financing from private-sector investors. The ability to recycle non-tire rubber scrap could conserve as much as 90,000 Btu/lb, thus yielding an estimated energy savings potential of about 0.25 quad/yr.

  12. Coal sector profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal is our largest domestic energy resource with recoverable reserves estimated at 268 billion short tons or 5.896 quads Btu equivalent. This is approximately 95 percent of US fossil energy resources. It is relatively inexpensive to mine, and on a per Btu basis it is generally much less costly to produce than other energy sources. Its chief drawbacks are the environmental, health and safety concerns that must be addressed in its production and consumption. Historically, coal has played a major role in US energy markets. Coal fueled the railroads, heated the homes, powered the factories. and provided the raw materials for steel-making. In 1920, coal supplied over three times the amount of energy of oil, gas, and hydro combined. From 1920 until the mid 1970s, coal production remained fairly constant at 400 to 600 million short tons a year. Rapid increases in overall energy demands, which began during and after World War II were mostly met by oil and gas. By the mid 1940s, coal represented only half of total energy consumption in the US. In fact, post-war coal production, which had risen in support of the war effort and the postwar Marshall plan, decreased approximately 25 percent between 1945 and 1960. Coal demand in the post-war era up until the 1970s was characterized by increasing coal use by the electric utilities but decreasing coal use in many other markets (e.g., rail transportation). The oil price shocks of the 1970s, combined with natural gas shortages and problems with nuclear power, returned coal to a position of prominence. The greatly expanded use of coal was seen as a key building block in US energy strategies of the 1970s. Coal production increased from 613 million short tons per year in 1970 to 950 million short tons in 1988, up over 50 percent.

  13. K-infinite trends with burnup, enrichment, and cooling time for BWR fuel assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broadhead, B.L.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the work performed by ORNL for the Yucca Mountain project (YMP) M and O contractor, Framatome Cogema Fuels. The goal of this work was to obtain k{sub inf} values for infinite arrays of flooded boiling-water-reactor (BWR) fuel assemblies as a function of various burnup/enrichment and cooling-time combinations. These scenarios simulate expected limiting criticality loading conditions (for a given assembly type) for drift emplacements in a repository. Upon consultation with the YMP staff, a Quad Cities BWR fuel assembly was selected as a baseline assembly. This design consists of seven axial enrichment zones, three of which contain natural uranium oxide. No attempt was made to find a bounding or even typical assembly design due to the wide variety in fuel assembly designs necessary for consideration. The current work concentrates on establishing a baseline analysis, along with a small number of sensitivity studies which can be expected later if desired. As a result of similar studies of this nature, several effects are known to be important in the determination of the final k{sub inf} for spent fuel in a cask-like geometry. For a given enrichment there is an optimal burnup: for lower burnups, excess energy (and corresponding excess reactivity) is present in the fuel assembly; for larger burnups, the assembly is overburned and essentially driven by neighboring fuel assemblies. The majority of the burnup/enrichment scenarios included in this study were for some near-optimum burnup/enrichment combinations as determined from Energy Information Administration (EIA) data. Several calculations were performed for under- and over-burned fuel to show these effects.

  14. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring, A.O. Smith Voltex, and Stiebel Eltron Accelera 300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

  15. Near-term viability of solar heat applications for the federal sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, T.A.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar thermal technologies are capable of providing heat across a wide range of temperatures, making them potentially attractive for meeting energy requirements for industrial process heat applications and institutional heating. The energy savings that could be realized by solar thermal heat are quite large, potentially several quads annually. Although technologies for delivering heat at temperatures above 100{degrees}C currently exit within industry, only a fairly small number of commercial systems have been installed to date. The objective of this paper is to investigate and discuss the prospects for near-term solar heat sales to federal facilities as a mechanism for providing an early market niche to the aid the widespread development and implementation of the technology. The specific technical focus is on mid-temperature (100{degrees}--350{degrees}C) heat demands that could be met with parabolic trough systems. Federal facilities have several relative to private industry that may make them attractive for solar heat applications relative to other sectors. Key features are specific policy mandates for conserving energy, a long-term planning horizon with well-defined decision criteria, and prescribed economic return criteria for conservation and solar investments that are generally less stringent than the investment criteria used by private industry. Federal facilities also have specific difficulties in the sale of solar heat technologies and strategies to mitigate these difficulties will be important. For the baseline scenario developed in this paper, the solar heat application was economically competitive with heat provided by natural gas. The system levelized energy cost was $5.9/MBtu for the solar heat case, compared to $6.8/MBtu for the life-cycle fuel cost of a natural gas case. A third-party ownership would also be attractive to federal users, since it would guarantee energy savings and would not need initial federal funds. 11 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  16. Estimating the Impact (Energy, Emissions and Economics) of the US Fluid Power Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Love, Lonnie J [ORNL

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to estimate the impact (energy, emissions and economics) of United Fluid power (hydraulic and pneumatic actuation) is the generation, control, and application of pumped or compressed fluids when this power is used to provide force and motion to mechanisms. This form of mechanical power is an integral part of United States (U.S.) manufacturing and transportation. In 2008, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, sales of fluid power components exceeded $17.7B, sales of systems using fluid power exceeded $226B. As large as the industry is, it has had little fundamental research that could lead to improved efficiency since the late 1960s (prior to the 1970 energy crisis). While there have been some attempts to replace fluid powered components with electric systems, its performance and rugged operating condition limit the impact of simple part replacement. Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Fluid Power Association (NFPA) collaborated with 31 industrial partners to collect and consolidate energy specific measurements (consumption, emissions, efficiency) of deployed fluid power systems. The objective of this study was to establish a rudimentary order of magnitude estimate of the energy consumed by fluid powered systems. The analysis conducted in this study shows that fluid powered systems consumed between 2.0 and 2.9 Quadrillion (1015) Btus (Quads) of energy per year; producing between 310 and 380 million metric tons (MMT) of Carbon Dioxide (CO2). In terms of efficiency, the study indicates that, across all industries, fluid power system efficiencies range from less than 9% to as high as 60% (depending upon the application), with an average efficiency of 22%. A review of case studies shows that there are many opportunities to impact energy savings in both the manufacturing and transportation sectors by the development and deployment of energy efficient fluid power components and systems.

  17. Analysis and technology transfer report, 1989 and 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The buildings sector used 29.6 quadrillion Btus (quads) of energy in 1989, or 36 percent of the total primary energy consumed in the United States. The major uses are for space heating and cooling, water heating, refrigeration, and lighting. Electricity is the dominant fuel, followed by natural gas, petroleum, and other fuels. Although there were dramatic improvements in energy efficiency in this sector from 1975 to 1985, in recent years energy use has grown rapidly. The large growth expected in commercial building floor space and in residential units means that total building-sector energy consumption could increase dramatically by the year 2030. The mission of the US DOE's Office of Building Technologies (OBT) is to lead a national program supporting private sector efforts to improve the energy efficiency of the nation's buildings and to increase their utilization of renewable energy sources. The Office is also responsible for energy efficiency planning and management for Federal buildings as well as buildings-related associated information, financial incentives, and regulatory functions that are determined to be appropriate for the Federal government. To accomplish its goals, OBT plans and conducts research and development to make technologies available and provides information on their effectiveness. The selection and management of OBT research activities requires an understanding of where and how energy is used within the buildings sectors, how energy use is expected to change in the future, and the potential impact of new and emerging technologies on energy use. Analysis activities serve to collect energy use information, provide the analysis necessary to apply this information to research and development planning, and develop analysis tools which the program uses to set priorities for research projects. This report summarizes analysis and technology transfer activities undertaken by OBT during 1989 and 1990. 101 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

  18. An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

  19. Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesa, Matthew

    2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

  20. Oak Ridge fault, Ventura fold belt, and the Sisar decollement, Ventura basin, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeats, R.S.; Huftile, G.J.; Grigsby, F.B. (Oregon State Univ. Corvallis (USA))

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rootless Ventura Avenue, San Miguelito, and Rincon anticlines (Ventura fold belt) in Pliocene -Pleistocene turbidites are fault-propagation folds related to south-dipping reverse faults rising from a decollement in Miocene shale. To the east, the Sulfur Mountain anticlinorium overlies and is cut by the Sisar, Big Canyon, and Lion south-dipping thrusts that merge downward into the Sisar decollement in lower Miocene shale. Shortening of the Miocene and younger sequence is {approximately} 3 km greater than that of underlying competent Paleogens strata in the Ventura fold belt and {approximately} 7 km greater farther east at Sulfur Mountain. Cross-section balancing requires that this difference be taken up by the Paleogene sequence at the Oak Ridge fault to the south. Convergence is northeast to north-northeast on the base of earthquake focal mechanisms, borehole breakouts, and piercing-point offest of the South Mountain seaknoll by the Oak Ridge fault. A northeast-trending line connecting the west end of Oak Ridge and the east end of Sisar fault separates an eastern domain where late Quaternary displacement is taken up entirely on the Oak Ridge fault and a western domain where displacement is transferred to the Sisar decollement and its overlying rootless folds. This implies that (1) the Oak Ridge fault near the coast presents as much seismic risk as it does farther east, despite negligible near-surface late Quaternary movement; (2) ground-rupture hazard is high for the Sisar fault set in the upper Ojai Valley; and (3) the decollement itself could produce an earthquake analogous to the 1987 Whittier Narrows event in Low Angeles.