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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31,...

2

EETD Assists in Analysis of Microwave Oven Energy Efficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD Assists in Analysis of Microwave Oven Energy Efficiency Standard June 2013 The Department of Energy recently announced new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens....

3

Open Ended Microwave Oven for Packaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel open waveguide cavity resonator is presented for the combined variable frequency microwave curing of bumps, underfills and encapsulants, as well as the alignment of devices for fast flip-chip assembly, direct chip attach (DCA) or wafer-scale level packaging (WSLP). This technology achieves radio frequency (RF) curing of adhesives used in microelectronics, optoelectronics and medical devices with potential simultaneous micron-scale alignment accuracy and bonding of devices. In principle, the open oven cavity can be fitted directly onto a flip-chip or wafer scale bonder and, as such, will allow for the bonding of devices through localised heating thus reducing the risk to thermally sensitive devices. Variable frequency microwave (VFM) heating and curing of an idealised polymer load is numerically simulated using a multi-physics approach. Electro-magnetic fields within a novel open ended microwave oven developed for use in micro-electronics manufacturing applications are solved using a de icated Yee sche...

Sinclair, K I; Desmulliez, M Y P; Goussetis, G; Bailey, C; Parrott, K; Sangster, A J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

A container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed to top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation for reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achievable in the oven without the container.

Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Mills, J.E.

1988-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

5

Container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed of top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achieveable in the oven without the container.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Kimrey, Jr., Harold D. (Knoxville, TN); Mills, James E. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Polymer Surface Modification Using Microwave-Oven-Generated Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, diameter 160 mm) are from Fisher Scientific. Compressed oxygen and ethanol (100%) are from Air Products a Barnstead EASYpure UV unit. Plasma is generated with a 1100-W countertop microwave oven (Amana, ACM2160AB.Afterrinsing,thesamples are dried with compressed air and placed on a glass microscope slide. The slide is then positioned

Steinbock, Oliver

7

Solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A portable, foldable solar oven is provided wherein the basic construction material is ordinary cardboard, some surfaces of which are coated with a reflective material. The portable oven doubles as an insulated container for keeping refrigerated foodstuffs cold while being transported to a distant site for cooking.

Golder, J.C.

1981-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

8

Solar oven  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a solar oven. It comprises: an oven chamber having an open end and defining an interior cooking chamber; means providing a flat-back interior surface on the cooking chamber for absorbing sunlight and converting the absorbed sunlight into heat; an oven door hingedly mounted over the open end and movable between open and closed positions relative to the open end; means for pivotably supporting the oven chamber about a first substantially horizontal pivot axis; user-actuable latch means for selectively retaining the oven chamber in selected positions around the first horizontal axis, the user-actuable latch means including a user releasable ratchet mechanism including a plurality of ratchet teeth formed on the oven chamber and ratchet pawl pivoted to the support means in a position to engage selective ones of the ratchet teeth to retain the over chamber in selected orientations around the horizontal axis, the latch means further including means for pivoting the pawl into and out of the path of movement of the ratchet teeth to thereby achieve the selective positioning; a tray disposed within the interior cooking chamber for supporting foodstuffs during coking; pivot means for pivotally mounting the tray within the interior cooking chamber for movement around a second substantially horizontal pivot axis such that the tray can be positioned so as to maintain the foodstuffs in a substantially level position independently of the position of the oven chamber around the first pivot axis.

Burns, T.J.; Burns, C.L.

1989-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Rapid determination of wood fuel moisture content using a microwave oven for drying  

SciTech Connect

A method of determining moisture content (MC) of wood fuel using a microwave oven for drying the wood was evaluated by drying paired samples of five different wood fuel types in a microwave oven and a conventional oven. When compared to the conventional oven drying method, the microwave technique produces consistently lower MC determinations, although the differences are less than 1 percent. The advantage of the microwave technique is the speed at which MC determinations can be determined (less than 15 minutes). Schedules for drying five wood fuel types are presented. (Refs. 7).

Harris, R.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oven Oven Addthis Description Saving energy saves you money. Buy energy-saving light bulbs. (Ad Council PSA) Duration 0:33 Topic Energy Efficiency Heating & Cooling Home...

11

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills May 31, 2013 - 3:26pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens that will save consumers nearly $3 billion on their energy bills through 2030. Over the next 30 years, it will dramatically reduce harmful carbon pollution, equivalent to taking over 12 million new cars off the road for one year. "Appliance efficiency standards represent a huge opportunity to help families save money by saving energy, while still delivering high quality

12

Created March 2009 Microwave ovens are located throughout Swinburne University campuses in both staff & students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as when sealed containers are heated they may explode and damage the oven rendering it unsafe. · Use glass containers designed for microwaves to cook high-fat foods, as additives from plastic are more likely

Liley, David

13

Electromagnetic and Heat Transfer Modeling of Microwave Heating in Domestic Ovens.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microwave (MW) ovens are used extensively for heating a variety of not-ready-to-eat food products. It is vital to achieve target temperature uniformly throughout the food… (more)

Pitchai, Krishnamoorthy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Modeling Infrared and Combination Infrared-Microwave Heating of Foods in an Oven .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A quantitative, model-based understanding of heat exchange in infrared and combined infrared-microwave heating of food inside an oven is developed. The research is divided into… (more)

Frangipani Almeida, Marialuci

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a solar oven. It includes in combination: a rectangular cooking pan with a bottom and four side walls, open at the upper end, an exterior casing having a bottom and four side walls and having an outer coating to lower the heat absorption, a body of insulation in between the cooking pan and the exterior casing, the top edge of the insulation, casing, and cooking pan all being coplanar to provide a rectangular shelf, a glass-supporting frame enclosing and protecting a sheet of low-iron, heat-conductive glass, the glass having an iron content of only about 0.04% and a transmittance of heat about 83%, a mirror-supporting frame having a solid top portion and top sheet for supporting a mirror combination below the sheet, hinges connecting the mirror supporting frame to the casing, a support arm pivoted to the side of the glass frame and having a series of openings therethrough, and a mirror-support projection secured to the mirror-supporting frame for engaging one of the openings through the support arm for enabling the mirror to be supported at any of a plurality of positions at various angles relative to the shelf and the glass sheet. The glass and its glass-supporting frame being unattached to the cooking pan, casing, and body for free manipulation by hand.

Ghatak, R.N.

1989-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

16

Modeling of Microwave Ovens with Perforated Metal Walls Erin M. Kiley and Vadim V. Yakovlev  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineers developing new microwaveable products. This can be explained by the particularly complex nature, modeling. I. INTRODUCTION While historically, technological progress in microwave power engineering has microwave ovens - the most widespread microwave heating devices - have not yet been notably adopted by food

Yakovlev, Vadim

17

Acoustic emission feedback control for control of boiling in a microwave oven  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic emission based feedback system for controlling the boiling level of a liquid medium in a microwave oven is provided. The acoustic emissions from the medium correlated with surface boiling is used to generate a feedback control signal proportional to the level of boiling of the medium. This signal is applied to a power controller to automatically and continuoulsly vary the power applied to the oven to control the boiling at a selected level.

White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Acoustic emission feedback control for control of boiling in a microwave oven  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An acoustic emission based feedback system for controlling the boiling level of a liquid medium in a microwave oven is provided. The acoustic emissions from the medium correlated with surface boiling is used to generate a feedback control signal proportional to the level of boiling of the medium. This signal is applied to a power controller to automatically and continuously vary the power applied to the oven to control the boiling at a selected level. 2 figs.

White, T.L.

1990-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

19

Lesson 9 - Solar Ovens  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lesson 9 - Solar Ovens Colorado Academic Standards: Standard 3: Earth Systems Science Kindergarten: Concepts and skills students master: 1. The Sun provides heat and light to...

20

Portable oven air circulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable air circulating apparatus for use in cooking ovens which is used to create air currents in the oven which transfer heat to cooking foodstuffs to promote more rapid and more uniform cooking or baking, the apparatus including a motor, fan blade and housing of metallic materials selected from a class of heat resistant materials.

Jorgensen, Jorgen A. (Bloomington, MN); Nygren, Donald W. (Minneapolis, MN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Flat plate solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction of an Indian Rs. 186 (US $20.33) flat-plate solar oven is described. Detailed drawings are provided and relevant information on cooking times and temperature for different foods is given.

Parikh, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Demountable solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A demountable solar oven includes a principal base upon which is mounted a secondary supporting base collar which contains the essential operating parts and which supports two removable arms at their base whose upper end form diametrically opposed pivots for receiving the appropriately disposed pivots of the cooking chamber. The food basket provided with similarly diametrically opposed pivots is disposed interiorly of the cooking chamber and by virtue of a weight disposed at the bottom thereof the wire basket always maintains a horizontal position irrespective of the angle of the oven itself. A transparent hemispherical cover including a shadow box indicator is disposed over the oven in the direction of the sun and a series of individual plate reflectors are hinged together by means of pins, a certain number of which pins are utilized to attach the reflectors to the oven rim. Adjustable feet are disposed at the bottom of the supporting base for adjusting the vertical position of the oven and a level indicator as well as rotationally directional indicators are provided for determining the position of the oven as desired. The disassembled parts occupy a minimum space and various of the parts can be disposed together for the disassembled unit to occupy a very small space.

Erwin, S.F.

1983-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

23

Spiral track oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Final report on development of a continuously operating oven system in which the parts are progressing automatically on a spiral track for in-line service installation for the production of electronic and/or other components to be heat cured or dried.

Drobilisch, Sandor

1998-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

24

Bake Oven Design and Improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Electrode Technology for Aluminium Production: Bake Oven Design and ... from shaft calciners is recovered for heating coal tar pitch and power ...

25

Oven wall panel construction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oven roof or wall is formed from modular panels, each of which comprises an inner fabric and an outer fabric. Each such fabric is formed with an angle iron framework and somewhat resilient tie-bars or welded at their ends to flanges of the angle irons to maintain the inner and outer frameworks in spaced disposition while minimizing heat transfer by conduction and permitting some degree of relative movement on expansion and contraction of the module components. Suitable thermal insulation is provided within the module. Panels or skins are secured to the fabric frameworks and each such skin is secured to a framework and projects laterally so as slidingly to overlie the adjacent frame member of an adjacent panel in turn to permit relative movement during expansion and contraction.

Ellison, Kenneth (20 Avondale Cres., Markham, CA); Whike, Alan S. (R.R. #1, Caledon East, both of Ontario, CA)

1980-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL June 22, 2011 - 11:45am Addthis Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of: Moon Choe Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of: Moon Choe...

27

The FlashBake oven: Lightwave oven delivers high-quality, quick cooking  

SciTech Connect

The FlashBake oven is a well-publicized new electrotechnology that over 40 utilities are promoting for commercial food service applications, but is it worth its high price? E Source research shows that this $5,000 to $8,500 lightwave oven can increase sales and profitability in a number of applications, thus paying for itself within months to a year or two. The FlashBake does so by cooking foods less than two inches thick in two minutes or less, as quickly as microwave ovens do, but with quality equal to or greater than that of conventional gas and electric ovens. The FlashBake makes sense for restaurants and kiosks that offer quick-order menus, as well as for full-menu restaurants that can use the FlashBake during slow periods (instead of larger ovens) and during busy periods (for extra capacity). In these target market applications, the FlashBake is likely to use less energy due to its extremely low idle energy use. It is not well suited to banquet and institutional kitchens that require large numbers of the same item to be cooked and ready simultaneously. The FlashBake has only one tray, so cooking large volumes may take longer, require more labor, and use more energy than a conventional oven that has multiple cooking racks. Energy use is rarely a major concern of those who buy FlashBake ovens, since energy for cooking represents a small fraction of a restaurant`s overall operating costs. The main selling point of the FlashBake is menu and productivity enhancement.

Gregerson, J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

One temperature model for effective ovens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most of the thermodynamic analysis of ovens are focused on efficiency, but they need to behaves under real-life conditions, then the effectiveness of the ovens plays a crucial role in their design. In this paper we present a thermodynamical model able to describe the temperature evolution in ovens, furnaces or kilns to harden, burn or dry different products and which provides a methodology to design these heating devices. We use the required temperature evolution for each product and process as main ingredient in the methodology and procedure to design ovens and we place in the right role the efficiency criteria. We use global energy balance equation for the oven under transient situation as the thermodynamic starting point for developing the model. Our approach is able to consider different configurations for these heating devices, or recirculating or open situations, etc.

Tapia, Saul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Theoretical Modeling Approach for a Common Residential Electrically Heated Oven and Proposed Oven Design Modification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Current research has developed a fully predictive model of an electrically heated common residential oven. This system was modeled using a fully explicit approach and,… (more)

Breen, Mark Allan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Method for processing coke oven gas  

SciTech Connect

Coke oven gas is subjected, immediately after the discharge thereof from coke ovens, and without any preliminary cooling operation or any purification operation other than desulfurization, to a catalytic cracking operation to form a hot cracked gas which is rich in hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The catalytic cracking reaction is carried out in the presence of a hydrogen-containing and/or CO2-containing gas, with a steam reforming catalyst.

Flockenhaus, C.; Meckel, J.F.; Wagener, D.

1980-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

31

Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

A modified concentrating type solar oven for outdoor cooking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar cookers offer a partial solution to many problems for the poor developing areas of the world. In these regions energy used for cooking sometimes comprises four fifths of the total energy demand. Solar cookers are generally four catagories: direct focusing, oven, ovenfocusing and indirect types. The direct focusing types failed to boil water under windy conditions due to excessive convection losses from the bare cooking pot placed at the concentrator focus. The oven type cookers, such as Telkes oven, observe the rules of energy conservation and thus are more efficient and less affected by windy weather. However, this oven suffers from two major problems. First, tilting the oven could cause food spillage unless a hinged support is used for the pot. This adds complication to the design of Telkes oven. Second, the solar radiation is added to the pot from the top for high solar altitude angles. This leads to poor heat transfer to the food inside the pot. The advantages of concentrating and oven cookers can be obtained by widding of a point focus concentrator to a new oven type receiver. In this paper the concept and design details of such an oven are introduced. Theoretical and experimental analyses of the developed cooker are given.

Khalifa, A.M.A.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL June 15, 2011 - 11:56am Addthis Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon Choe Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon Choe Moon Choe EERE Summer Intern The first time I ever saw solar cookers was on the news in the summer of 2009 (though that would make it their winter, as I was living in Chile at the time), as part of a development project in the north, which is mostly desert. I had no idea solar cookers were so markedly simple in all various facets, such as appearance, use, and construction, and ever since then, it always remained on my to-do list to make one of my own. Another added benefit that I was unaware of is that a solar cooker works at any time of year, so long as it's receiving direct sunlight (i.e. not

34

Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL June 15, 2011 - 11:56am Addthis Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon Choe Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon Choe Moon Choe EERE Summer Intern The first time I ever saw solar cookers was on the news in the summer of 2009 (though that would make it their winter, as I was living in Chile at the time), as part of a development project in the north, which is mostly desert. I had no idea solar cookers were so markedly simple in all various facets, such as appearance, use, and construction, and ever since then, it always remained on my to-do list to make one of my own. Another added benefit that I was unaware of is that a solar cooker works at any time of year, so long as it's receiving direct sunlight (i.e. not

35

Problem of improving coke oven gas purification systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A discussion of the problems of improving desulfurization processes of coke oven gas was presented. Of particular interest were control systems and increasing capacity of the coke ovens. Included in the discussion were the vacuum-carbonate and arsenic-soda sulfur removal systems. Problems involved with these systems were the number of treatment operations, the volume of the reagents used, and the operation of equipment for naphthalene and cyanide removal.

Goldin, I.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

Not Available

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

37

New process for coke-oven gas desulfurization  

SciTech Connect

With the EPA reclassifying spent iron oxide as a hazardous waste material in 1990, an alternative technology was sought for desulfurizing coke-oven gas. Vacasulf technology was adopted for reasons that included: producing of coke battery heating gas without further polishing and high-quality elemental sulfur; lowest operating cost in comparison with other methods; no waste products; and integrates with existing ammonia destruction facility. Vacasulf requires a single purchased material, potassium hydroxide, that reacts with carbon dioxide in coke-oven gas to form potassium carbonate which, in turn, absorbs hydrogen sulfide. Operation of the system has been successful following the resolution of relatively minor start-up problems.

Currey, J.H. [Citizens Gas and Coke Utility, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Testing of the Burns-Milwaukee`s Sun Oven  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Burns-Milwaukee Sun Oven was tested at Sandia`s Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 160{degrees}C (320{degrees}F). It heated two liters of water from room temperatures to 80{degrees}C, (175{degrees}F), in 75 minutes. Observations were also made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on operation of the solar oven was also noted.

Moss, T.A.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas  

SciTech Connect

The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Testing of the Burns-Milwaukee's Sun Oven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Burns-Milwaukee Sun Oven was tested at Sandia's Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 160 o C (320 o F). It heated two liters of water from room temperature to 80 o C, (175 o F), in 75 minutes. Observations were also made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on operation of the solar oven was also noted. ii 1 The Solar Thermal Design Assistance Center (STDAC) at Sandia National Laboratories evaluated a Sun Oven from Burns-Milwaukee at Sandia's Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque NM. It was designed for single family household cooking. It is targeting developing countries' alternative energy markets where conventional fuels are not available and wood is the primary fuel used for cooking. Because of the wide variety and types of solar...

Moss Solar Thermal; T. A. Moss

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Takahax-Hirohax process for coke oven gas desulfurization  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Takahax-Hirohax process to desulfurize coke oven gas and to produce an ammonium sulfate end product. A review is also made of current operating experience and recent technical developments. The Takahax-Hirohax process is extremely useful when the COG contains a suitable ammonia to sulfur ratio and when ammonium sulfate is a desirable end product. No contaminated effluent streams are emitted from the process. The process is simple, reliable, flexible, and responds easily to COG variations. 4 figures, 3 tables. (DP)

Gastwirth, H.; Miner, R.; Stengle, W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Reducing Energy Consumption on Process Ovens & Oxidation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the uncertain cost of energy, optimizing the use of air in process dryers, ovens and air pollution control systems is critical to your bottom line. The revived emphasis on air management through the entire process, from plant make-up air heating systems to pollution control system exhaust, provides many opportunities to save energy and cut operating costs. This presentation includes an overview of good air management practices used to optimize energy use in your process and plant. One of the most important benefits of the more stringent air pollution control regulations throughout the world is the focus on better use and conservation of our natural resources. Through the efforts of many of the world's finest engineers and scientists the world is now realizing the benefits of an environmentally friendly approach to manufacturing. These benefits, which include more efficient process operation, less waste generation and reduced emissions, have produced the unforeseen benefit of reduced production costs and higher quality products. Process dryers and ovens are used in the manufacture of a wide variety of products produced by the companies represented at the Industrial Energy Technology Conference. This equipment is installed and operating in facilities that produce printed materials, packaging materials, adhesive tapes, pharmaceutical diagnostic materials, coated papers & films, foil laminations, electronic media, and photographic & x-ray films. They are also used extensively in the food industry. The products manufactured include baked goods, cereals, pet food, tobacco, and many other products. Ovens are used to bake and cure surface coated materials. Such as building siding, window frames, window blinds, automotive parts, wood products, and miscellaneous metal parts. More stringent environmental regulations are also impacting the design and operation of coating and food processes. Today air pollution control devices are used on many of the above applications to control the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC's) and odors. As emission limits have decreased, the use of permanent total enclosures PTE's are becoming a standard part of the process line design. These enclosures are used to obtain 100% capture of the solvents used in the process. In addition, concerns over solvent concentrations in ovens along with concerns over exposure limits to employees have combined to drive process exhaust flows ever higher. Increasing process exhaust flows has been the common approach to addressing process and environmental issues. This increase in exhaust flows has resulted in significant increases in energy use and operating costs.

Worachek, C.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Testing of the Sunstove Organization`s Sunstove Solar Oven  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Sunstove Organization`s Sunstove was tested at Sandia`s Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 115{degrees}C (240{degrees}F). It heated two liters of water from room temperature to 80{degrees}C (175{degrees}F) in about two hours. Observations were made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on the operation of the solar oven were also noted.

Moss, T.A.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Conjunctive management of groundwater and surface water resources in the Upper Ovens River Valley.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Regression analysis produced equations for relating Ovens River levels to groundwater levels with a high correlation. These equations can relate stream flow objectives to corresponding… (more)

Lovell, Daniel Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Desulphurization of coke oven gas by the Stretford Process  

SciTech Connect

The Stretford process is probably the most effective means available for removing hydrogen sulphide from gas streams. For streams which do not contain hydrogen cyanide or excessive oxygen it should be nearly ideal. However, the large volume of waste liquor generated by fixation of hydrogen cyanide has prevented its widespread adoption for coke oven gas treatment. Investigations of various proposals for treating the waste liquor indicate that the only practicable way of dealing with it is by reductive incineration. Although attempts to apply the Peabody-Holmes reductive incineration process have been disappointing, significant progress in overcoming some of its deficiencies has been made. The Zimpro wet oxidation process will provide a convenient method of treating the HCN scrubber effluent at No. 1 Plant. However, it will not treat the sodium based liquor from the Stretford plant. Its application to Stretford waste treatment is limited to situations where ammonium liquors and ammonium sulphate recovery facilities are available. Commissioning of this plant has been delayed while a defect in the air compressor supplied for the plant is being remedied. When the problem of liquid effluent disposal has been overcome, and if reagent chemicals continue to be available at reasonable prices, the Stretford process will be a good choice for coke oven gas desulphurization. 8 figures.

Plenderleith, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

Not Available

1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

47

Energy consumption for baking and characteristics of baked product in relation to type of oven and baking procedure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data were obtained and analyzed on 1) energy consumption when a test food was baked with four types of electric ovens (electric range oven, table model conventional oven, table model forced convection oven, and table model broiler/toaster oven) with three cooking procedures (participant's own procedure, preheated procedure, and cold start procedure); 2) patterns of energy consumption in 10-minute intervals; and 3) the characteristics of the finished food. Twenty participants from households in Columbus, Ohio, baked loaves of quick bread in a laboratory in the four types of ovens with three cooking procedures. Statistical analyses of data included analyses of variance, Tukey test, and Duncan's multiple range test. Significantly more energy was used with the participants' own procedures than with either the preheated or the cold start procedure (p < .01). There was no consistency in total energy consumption between the preheated and the cold start procedures in the four types of ovens. The electric range oven consumed significantly more energy than the other three types of ovens in the first 10-minute interval; however, the table model forced convection oven consumed significantly more energy than other ovens in the second and third 10-minute intervals. No consistent patterns were observed for volume and weight loss of breads baked with the three cooking procedures, but use of the table model forced convection oven always resulted in larger volume than with other ovens.

Nee, Y.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Model reference adaptive temperature control of the electromagnetic oven process in manufacturing process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, the electromagnetic ovens are used for heating the component assembly of electronic manufacturing. The control systems of the electromagnetic ovens are feedback control system and PID controller are used to control their temperature. This process ... Keywords: control theory, response optimization and model reference adaptive system

Jiraphon Srisertpol; Supot Phungphimai

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Organic Sulphur Transfers in Coke Oven Gas via Noncatalytic Partial Oxidation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The organic sulfur transformation was studied during coke oven gas to produce syngas via noncatalytic partial oxidation. The concentration of CS2 and thiophene was examined in syngas by sulfide detector. For comparison, the sulfur transfer was also studied ... Keywords: Organic sulfur transfer, Coke oven gas, CS2, thiophene

Guojie Zhang; Yongfa Zhang; Xianglan Li; Hongcheng Cao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A compact and efficient strontium oven for laser-cooling experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we describe a compact and efficient strontium oven well suited for laser-cooling experiments. Novel design solutions allowed us to produce a collimated strontium atomic beam with a flux of 1.0\\times10^13 s^-1 cm^-2 at the oven temperature of 450 {\\deg}C, reached with an electrical power consumption of 36 W. The oven is based on a stainless-steel reservoir, filled with 6 g of metallic strontium, electrically heated in a vacuum environment by a tantalum wire threaded through an alumina multi-bore tube. The oven can be hosted in a standard DN40CF cube and has an estimated continuous operation lifetime of 10 years. This oven can be used for other alkali and alkaline earth metals with essentially no modifications.

Marco Schioppo; Nicola Poli; Marco Prevedelli; Stephan Falke; Christian Lisdat; Uwe Sterr; Guglielmo Maria Tino

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

51

A compact and efficient strontium oven for laser-cooling experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we describe a compact and efficient strontium oven well suited for laser-cooling experiments. Novel design solutions allowed us to produce a collimated strontium atomic beam with a flux of 1.0\\times10^13 s^-1 cm^-2 at the oven temperature of 450 {\\deg}C, reached with an electrical power consumption of 36 W. The oven is based on a stainless-steel reservoir, filled with 6 g of metallic strontium, electrically heated in a vacuum environment by a tantalum wire threaded through an alumina multi-bore tube. The oven can be hosted in a standard DN40CF cube and has an estimated continuous operation lifetime of 10 years. This oven can be used for other alkali and alkaline earth metals with essentially no modifications.

Schioppo, Marco; Prevedelli, Marco; Falke, Stephan; Lisdat, Christian; Sterr, Uwe; Tino, Guglielmo Maria

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Coke oven gas desulphurization by the Carl Still process  

SciTech Connect

The Steubenville East Coke Plant need a desulfurization process that would desulfurize an eventual 95 million standard cubic feet per day of coke oven gas from an inlet of 450 gr/DSCF to an outlet of 45 gr/DSCF of hydrogen sulfide. The Dravo/Still plant process was selected, due to the use of ammonia which was available in the gas, as the absorbing agent. It was also a proven process. Dravo/Still also was capable of building a sulfuric acid plant. The desulfurization efficiency of the plant has consistently provided an average final gas sulfur loading below the guaranteed 45 gr/DSCF. This removal efficiency has enabled production of an average of 4615 tons per day of 66/sup 0/Be acid. Also SO/sub 2/ to SO/sub 3/ conversion has averaged 98%. 3 figures. (DP)

Knight, R.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Method for removing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved sulfur-ammonia process is disclosed for removing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gases. In the improved process, a concentrator formerly used for standby operation is used at all normal times as an ammonia scrubber to improve the efficiency of gas separation during normal operation and is used as a concentrator for its intended standby functions during the alternative operations. In its normal function, the concentrator/scrubber functions as a scrubber to strip ammonia gas from recirculating liquid streams and to permit introduction of an ammonia-rich gas into a hydrogen sulfide scrubber to increase the separation efficiency of that unit. In the standby operation, the same concentrator/scrubber serves as a concentrator to concentrate hydrogen sulfide in a ''strong liquor'' stream for separate recovery as a strong liquor.

Ritter, H.

1982-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Developing indicators for the assessment and proper management of the different levels of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)s generally associated with coke-oven workers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Coke ovens may occur in the aluminium, steel, graphite, electrical, and construction industries. In the work area coke-oven workers may be exposed to various chemical… (more)

Wang, Tianyuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Coke oven gas desulfurization: at Republic Steel's New Coking Facility, Warren, OH  

SciTech Connect

Our performance test indicates that the Sulfiban process is an effective method for removing H/sub 2/S from coke-oven gas. The process is able to handle variations in coke-oven gas flow and composition. Continuing efforts are underway to maintain optimum desulfurization conditions while trying to reduce waste production and MEA consumption. The problems which have prevented us from operating continuously have given us a better understanding of the process. This has contributed to better plant operations and greater equipment reliability for us to obtain continuous coke-oven gas desulfurization. 2 figures, 1 table.

Boak, S.C.; Prucha, D.G.; Turic, H.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Progressive Powder Coating: New Infrared Curing Oven at Metal Finishing Plant Increases Production by 50%  

SciTech Connect

Progressive Powder Coating in Mentor, Ohio, is a metal finishing plant that uses a convection oven in its manufacturing process. In an effort to save energy and improve production, the company installed an infrared oven in between the powder coating booth and the convection oven on its production line. This installation allowed the plant to increase its conveyor line speed and increase production by 50 percent. In addition, the plant reduced its natural gas consumption, yielding annual energy savings of approximately$54,000. With a total project cost of$136,000, the simple payback is 2.5 years.

Not Available

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

MICROWAVE HEATING SIMULATION OF METALS AND DIELECTRIC CERAMICS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research objectives proposed to study metal processing using a modular industrial microwave oven. The intent of the oven was to perform casting for metal… (more)

Warren, Brian C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Testing of the Sunstove Organization's Sunstove Solar Oven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Sunstove Organization's Sunstove was tested at Sandia's Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 115 o C (240 o F). It heated two liters of water from room temperature to 80 o C (175 o F) in about two hours. Observations were made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on the operation of the solar oven were also noted. ii 1 The Solar Thermal Design Assistance Center (STDAC) at Sandia National Laboratories evaluated a Sunstove from the Sunstove Organization, at Sandia's Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque NM. It was designed for single family household cooking. It is targeting developing countries' alternative energy markets where conventional fuels are not available and wood is the primary fuel used for cooking. Because of the wide vari...

Moss Solar Thermal; T. A. Moss

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A modular phase change heat exchanger for a solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modular energy storing heat exchanger designed to use pentaerythritol for thermal storage (solid-solid phase change at 182 C) is tested in an oven by circulating heat transfer oil which is electrically heated in a manner to simulate a concentrating solar collector. Three efficiencies for heating the system under controlled and measured power input are determined - the heat exchanger efficiency, the efficiency of the heater with distribution lines, and the total system efficiency. Thermal energy retention times and cooking extraction times are determined, and along with the efficiencies, are compared with the results previously reported for a nonmodular heat exchanger. The modular configuration provides a highly improved extraction rate for cooking due to its wrap-around character and its increased surface-to-volume ratio. A full scale glass model of the copper tubing of the system is described and flow observations reported demonstrating how uniformly the parallel pumping branches perform and how trapped air pockets affect pumping power. A technique for measuring pumping power is described and its application to the system is quantified to show that less than 1 watt is required to circulate the heat transfer oil even when the system includes the solar collector and its longer connecting tubes.

Bushnell, D.L.; Sohi, M. (Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Additional Steam Traps Increase Production of a Drum Oven at a Petroleum Jelly Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Additional steam traps were installed on the drum oven at a petroleum jelly production facility at an ExxonMobil plant in Nigeria. The installation improved heat transfer and saved energy.

Not Available

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Bethlehem Steel announces plans to control coke oven air and water pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation and the Maryland Department of the Environment have announced an agreement under which Bethlehem will spend an estimated $92-million at its Sparrows Points, Md., plant for technologically-advanced controls to further reduce air and water pollution, mainly from the plant's coke ovens. The two major systems include one to treat by-product coke oven gas and chemicals, and another to upgrade existing pushing emission controls on two older coke oven batteries. One of the new systems will replace most of the existing equipment that cleans gas and treats chemicals created by the coking process at the plant's three coke oven batteries. Because this system has the potential to greatly reduce sulfur dioxide and other pollutants, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) in September announced that its installation qualified for funding as part of the nationwide Innovative Clean Coal Technology Program.

Not Available

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Supercomputers Take a Cue From Microwave Ovens  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to accomplishing this," says Shalf. "Today we look at the motherboard as a canvas for building a supercomputer, but in the embedded market the canvas is the chip." He notes that...

63

Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process of sintering billets which are made from a broad range of materials such as PTFE and other fluoropolymers, elastomers, themosets, themoplastics and composites. The purpose of this study was to compare the process parameters under similar conditions for industrial applications where electric ovens have predominant use. Tests were performed to obtain the process efficiency and examine cost savings potential in converting electric ovens to natural gas. Preliminary results show that, for the plat studied, cost savings of about $10,000 per oven can be achieved, with a simple payback period of less than two years. The results also show that additional energy savings will be realized if the oven size and exhaust flow are carefully selected. The data obtained from these experiments were used to calculate process efficiency. Design features and environmental issues are discussed.

Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Microwave Off-gas srnlTechBriefp1  

Microwave energy combines with infrared heating ... A modified retail microwave oven requires little space, is compatible with existing electrical ...

65

The use of ethylenediamine to remove hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The investigations of the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S by an EDA solution showed the solubility of hydrogen sulfide in ethylenediamine solutions is almost twice that in monoethanolamine solutions. Ethylenediamine may be used as an absorber for thorough removal of H/sub 2/S from coke oven gas in the presence of CO/sub 2/ and HCN. The hydrogen cyanide of coke oven gas, having practically no effect on the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/, may in this case be used in the form of ethylenethiourea - a marketable byproduct.

Marakhovskii, L.F.; Rezunenko, Y.I.; Popov, A.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Use of ethylenediamine to remove hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas  

SciTech Connect

The investigations of the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S by an EDA solution which show that the solubility of hydrogen sulfide in ethylenediamine solutions is almost twice that in monoethanolamine solutions. Ethylenediamine may be used as an absorber for thorough removal of H/sub 2/S from coke oven gas in the presence of CO/sub 2/ and HCN. The hydrogen cyanide of coke oven gas, having practically no effect on the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/, may in this case be recovered in the form of ethylenethiourea - a marketable byproduct.

Marakhovskii, L.F.; Popov, A.A.; Rezunenko, Yu.I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Volume 1, Public design report  

SciTech Connect

This Public Design Report provides, in a single document, available nonproprietary design -information for the ``Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications`` Demonstration Project at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Sparrows Point, Maryland coke oven by-product facilities. This project demonstrates, for the first time in the United States, the feasibility of integrating four commercially available technologies (processes) for cleaning coke oven gas. The four technologies are: Secondary Gas Cooling, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Removal, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Recovery, and Ammonia Destruction and Sulfur Recovery. In addition to the design aspects, the history of the project and the role of the US Department of,Energy are briefly discussed. Actual plant capital and projected operating costs are also presented. An overview of the integration (retrofit) of the processes into the existing plant is presented and is followed by detailed non-proprietary descriptions of the four technologies and their overall effect on reducing the emissions of ammonia, sulfur, and other pollutants from coke oven gas. Narrative process descriptions, simplified process flow diagrams, input/output stream data, operating conditions, catalyst and chemical requirements, and utility requirements are given for each unit. Plant startup provisions, environmental considerations and control monitoring, and safety considerations are also addressed for each process.

Not Available

1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

68

WELL BEING WEDNESDAY Oven Baked Chicken Tandoori with Side Salad, Fresh Lime &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WELL BEING WEDNESDAY Low Fat Oven Baked Chicken Tandoori with Side Salad, Fresh Lime & Homemade with a reduced Fat Tomato Sauce HM V £3.80 Jacket Potato Fillings Low Fat Cottage Cheese Deli Style Coleslaw with Low Fat Mayonnaise Lean Mince Chilli Con Carne Grated Welsh Cheddar Tuna Mayonnaise ­ (responsibly

Davies, Christopher

69

Commercial Kitchen Ventilation Performance Report: Electric Combination Oven Under Wall-Mounted Canopy Hood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents testing of ventilation requirements for an electric combination oven under an exhaust-only canopy hood. This appliance and hood combination is one of a series undertaken to provide electric utilities and the foodservice industry with data to optimize the design of commercial kitchen ventilation systems and integrate exhaust requirements with space conditioning design.

1997-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

70

Commercial Kitchen Ventilation Performance Report: Gas Combination Oven Under Wall-Mounted Canopy Hood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents testing of ventilation requirements for a gas combination oven under an exhaust-only canopy hood. This appliance and hood combination is one of a series undertaken to provide electric utilities and the foodservice industry with data to optimize the design of commercial kitchen ventilation systems and integrate exhaust requirements with space conditioning design.

1997-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

71

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications: Environmental Monitoring Program. Volume 3, Appendix sections 8--14: Baseline Sampling Program report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains no text. It consists entirely of numerical data: Coke oven wastewater treatment performance; Ammonia still effluents to equalization tank; Stack gas analysis of coke oven batteries; CoaL consumption; Coke production; Supplemental OSHA employee exposure monitoring(hydrocarbons,ammonia, hydrogen sulfide); operating data; chemical products and coke oven gas production.

Stuart, L.M.

1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

72

Build an oven, cook a meal: How solar energy empowered women in Costa Rica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pilot solar cooking project in the hot, northern province of Guanacaste promises to serve as a model for community groups wanting to build their own solar ovens. An $8,000 (US) grant has been awarded by the Canadian Embassy in Costa Rica to take the Guanacaste project into a second stage in 1990-91. Two construction workshops, with twelve participants in each, are planned in communities near Oriente. Three women from the Oriente group will have paid jobs as organizational facilitators and workshop supervisors. In popular education this is called the multiplier effect - the users of solar cookers construct the ovens themselves, and then instruct others to do the same. 3 refs.

Blankenship, J. (Canadian Univ. Service Organization, San Jose (Costa Rica))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Air pollution from a large steel factory: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emissions from coke-oven batteries  

SciTech Connect

A systematic investigation of solid and gaseous atmospheric emissions from some coke-oven batteries of one of Europe's largest integrated steel factory (Taranto, Italy) has been carried out. These emissions, predominantly diffuse, originate from oven leakages, as well as from cyclic operations of coal loading and coke unloading. In air monitoring samples, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were consistently detected at concentrations largely exceeding threshold limit values. By means of PAHs speciation profile and benzo-(a)pyrene (BaP) equivalent dispersion modeling from diffuse sources, the study indicated that serious health risks exist not only in working areas, but also in a densely populated residential district near the factory. 30 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Lorenzo Liberti; Michele Notarnicola; Roberto Primerano; Paolo Zannetti [Technical University of Bari, Bari (Italy). Department of Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Choosing a coke-oven gas desulfurization system: a review of current technology  

SciTech Connect

Installation of coke-oven gas desulphurizing systems is primarily the result of air pollution control regulations. Although not currently profitable, operating costs can be minimized by choosing the technology most suited to the particular application. The Stretford Holmes, Takahax/Hirohax, Koppers Vacuum Carbonate, Sulfiban and Dravo/Still processes are discussed, together with criteria for economic analysis based on technical and by-product market evaluations.

Lynch, P.A.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Method of washing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas by the ammonium sulfide method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved coke oven gas washing process for removing hydrogen sulfide is proposed wherein the coke oven gas is treated in a hydrogen sulfide scrubber by counterflow with an aqueous ammonia wash water. A stream of aqueous weak ammonia liquor is cooled and sprayed through nozzles in the mid-region of the hydrogen sulfide scrubber. A quantity of aqueous ammonia liquor, corresponding to the quantity which is sprayed through the said nozzles, is withdrawn from the hydrogen sulfide scrubber at a level below the nozzles and is introduced into the top of the said hydrogen sulfide scrubber. Ammonia vapor released at the nozzles has a higher partial pressure than the ammonia partial pressure of the coke oven gas in the region of the nozzle. The aqueous ammonia liquor from the deacidifier is the source of the cooled aqueous ammonia liquor which is introduced through the nozzles. A portion of the aqueous ammonia liquor from the deacidifier is introduced directly into the top of the hydrogen sulfide scrubber as a portion of the required aqueous ammonia wash water.

Ritter, H.

1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

Utilizing secondary heat to heat wash oil in the coke-oven gas desulfurization division  

SciTech Connect

Removal of hydrogen sulfide from the coke-oven gas by the vacuum-carbonate method involves significant energy costs, comprising about 47% of the total costs of the process. This is explained by the significant demand of steam for regeneration of the wash oil, the cost of which exceeds 30% of the total operating costs. The boiling point of the saturated wash oil under vacuum does not exceed 70/sup 0/C, thus the wash oil entering the regenerator can be heated either by the direct coke-oven gas or by the tar supernatant from the gas collection cycle. Utilizing the secondary heat of the direct coke-oven gas and the tar supernatant liquor (the thermal effect is approximately the same) to heat the wash oil from the gas desulfurization shops significantly improves the industrial economic indices. Heating the wash oil from gas desulfurization shops using the vacuum-carbonate method by the heat of the tar supernatant liquor may be adopted at a number of coking plants which have a scarcity of thermal resources and which have primary coolers with vertical tubes.

Volkov, E.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Design and operation of the coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel utilizes a combination of two technologies which had never been used together. These two technologies had proven effective separately and now in combination. However, it brought unique operational considerations which has never been considered previously. The front end of the facility is a Sulfiban process. This monoethanolamine (MEA) process effectively absorbs hydrogen sulfide and other acid gases from coke-oven gas. The final step in sulfur removal uses a Lo-Cat II. The Lo-Cat process absorbs and subsequently oxidizes H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur. These two processes have been effective in reducing sulfur dioxide emissions from coke-oven gas by 95%. Since the end of the start-up and optimization phase, emission rate has stayed below the 104.5 lb/hr limit of equivalent SO{sub 2} (based on a 24-hr average). In Jan. 1995, the emission rate from the sulfur removal facility averaged 86.7 lb/hr with less than 20 lb/hr from the Econobator exhaust. The challenges yet to be met are decreasing the operating expenses of the sulfur removal facility, notably chemical costs, and minimizing the impact of the heating system on unit reliability.

Havili, M.U.; Fraser-Smyth, L.L.; Wood, B.W. [Geneva Steel, Provo, UT (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Final environmental information volume for the coke oven gas cleaning project at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Sparrows Point Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethelehem Steel Corporation (BSC) is planning to conduct a demonstration project involving an integrated system that can be retrofitted into coke oven gas handling systems to address a variety of environmental and operational factors in a more cost-effective manner. Successful application of this technology to existing US coke plants could: (1) reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, cyanide, and volatile organic compounds (including benzene) (2) reduce the cost and handling of processing feed chemicals, (3) disposal costs of nuisance by-products and (4) increase reliability and reduce operation/maintenance requirements for coke oven gas desulfurization systems. The proposed system will remove sulfur from the coke oven gas in the form of hydrogen sulfide using the ammonia indigenous to the gas as the primary reactive chemical. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide are also removed in this process. The hydrogen sulfide removed from the coke oven gas in routed to a modified Claus plant for conversion to a saleable sulfur by-product. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide will be catalytically converted to hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. The tail gas from the sulfur recovery unit is recycled to the coke oven gas stream, upstream of the new gas cleaning system. The proposed demonstration project will be installed at the existing coke oven facilities at BSC's Sparrows Point Plant. This volume describes the proposed actions and the resulting environmental impacts. 21 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

79

Reduction of NO[sub x] emissions coke oven gas combustion process  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes by-product processing at Clairton Works which uses a unique cryogenic technology. Modifications to the desulfurization facility, nitrogen oxide formation in combustion processes (both thermal and fuel NO[sub x]), and the boilers plants are described. Boilers were used to study the contribution of fuel NO[sub x] formation during the combustion of coke oven gas. Results are summarized. The modifications made to the desulfurization facility resulted in the overall H[sub 2]S emission being reduced by 2-4 grains/100scf and the NO[sub x] emission being reduced by 21-42% in the boiler stacks.

Terza, R.R. (USS Clairton Works, PA (United States)); Sardesai, U.V. (Westfield Engineering and Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Preparation of Hydroxyapatite by Microwave Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HAP powders were successfully prepared in a 2.45 GHz - 900W multimode home model microwave oven. The HAP powder was prepared by microwave heating ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Problem of sludge formation in benzol division solar oil and ''carbonization'' in coke oven gas compressor systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A discussion is presented on the problem and possible causes of sludge formation in the return solar oil in benzene recovery units and on the problem of deposits in the pipe systems after coke oven gas compressors. The possible entrainment of fine particles of coal charge in the solar oil was also discussed. Sedimentation of the sludge was recommended with daily removal of the settled sludge. A chemical analysis of the deposits in the piping system of the coke oven gas and the coal charge revealed that the deposits were not caused by entrained coal particles. (JMT)

Rezunenko, Y.I.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Method of recovering sulfur from the hydrogen sulfide contained in coke oven gases  

SciTech Connect

Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide are washed out of the coke oven gas and stripped from the wash liquor in the form of gases and fumes or vapors. The ammonia is decomposed in a nickel catalyzer and a small part of the decomposition gases is supplied directly to a combustion furnace, while the larger part of the combustion gases is first cooled and freed from condensate, and only then supplied to the combustion furnace. In the combustion furnace, the proportion of H/sub 2/S/SO/sub 2/ needed for the Claus process is adjusted by a partial combustion of the decomposition gases. The gases from the combustion furnace are then processed in the Claus plant to sulfur.

Laufhutte, D.

1985-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

Summing up of discussion on improvement trends in coke-oven gas purification flowsheets  

SciTech Connect

Reference is made to a previously published article that included flowsheets for purification of coke-oven gas. It is concluded that the flowsheets for a process using arsenic-soda and vacuum-carbonate methods of sulfur removal in which the gas is cooled to 303-308/sup 0/K are seriously in error. Schemes involving minor refrigeration, sulfur removal by the circulating ammonia method and ammonia recovery as ammonia liquor are seen as promising but in need of further improvement. One scheme discussed (the VUKhIN scheme) involves ammonia recovery by the circulating phosphate method and sulfur removal by the circulating ammonia method is seen as a replacement for the minor refrigeration method. Since liquid ammonia consumption in agriculture is continually increasing, schemes that result in production of liquid ammonia rather than ammonia liquor should be seriously considered.

Zemblevskii, K.K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Abstract--The paper reviews solutions being explored to face the supply problems faced in the Chilean electricity market oven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas demand in Chile and Argentina, determining the expected behavior of natural gas producers in the Chilean electricity market oven recent years, given unexpected restrictions in natural gas transfers from Argentina. Investment in generation came to a stall, given uncertainties in natural gas supply and the risk

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

85

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency...

86

Continuous flow microwave heating : evaluation of system efficiency and enzyme inactivation kinetics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A continuous flow microwave heating system was set up by using one domestic microwave oven (1000W nominal output at 2450MHz). Water was run through the… (more)

Lin, Man Guang, 1966-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

SOLOX coke-oven gas desulfurization ppm levels -- No toxic waste  

SciTech Connect

For sulfur removal from coke-oven gas, the reduction/oxidation processes such as Stretford are the most effective, capable of removing the H[sub 2]S down to ppm levels. However, these processes have, in the past, suffered from ecological problems with secondary pollutant formation resulting from side reactions with HCN and O[sub 2]. The SOLOX gas desulfurization system is a development of the Stretford process in which the toxic effluent problems are eliminated by installing a salt decomposition process operating according to the liquid-phase hydrolysis principle. In this process, the gaseous hydrolysis products H[sub 2]S, NH[sub 3] and CO[sub 2] are returned to the untreated gas, and the regenerated solution is recycled to the absorption process. The blowdown from the absorption circuit is fed into a tube reactor where the hydrolysis process takes place. The toxic salts react with water, producing as reaction products the gases H[sub 2]S, NH[sub 3] and CO[sub 2], and the nontoxic salt Na[sub 2]SO[sub 4]. From the hydrolysis reactor the liquid stream flows into a fractionating crystallization plant. This plant produces a recycle stream of regenerated absorption solution and a second stream containing most of the Na[sub 2]SO[sub 4]. This second stream comprises the net plant waste and can be disposed of with the excess ammonia liquor or sprayed onto the coal.

Platts, M. (Thyssen Still Otto Technical Services, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)); Tippmer, K. (Thyssen Still Otto Anlagentechnik GmbH, Bochum (Germany))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A new technology for producing hydrogen and adjustable ratio syngas from coke oven gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 15 billion Nm{sup 3} coke oven gas (COG) is emitted into the air in Shanxi Province in China as air pollutants. It is also a waste of precious chemical resources. In this study, COG was purified respectively by four methods including refrigeration, fiberglass, silica gel, and molecular sieve. Purified COG was separated by a prism membrane into two gas products. One consists mainly of H{sub 2} ({gt}90 vol %) and the other is rich in CH{sub 4} ({gt}60 vol %) with their exact compositions to vary with the membrane separation pressure and outlet gas flow ratio. The gas rich in CH{sub 4} was partially oxidized with oxygen in a high-temperature fixed-bed quartz reactor charged with coke particles of 10 mm size. At 1200-1300{sup o}C, a CH{sub 4} conversion of {gt}99% could be obtained. The H{sub 2}/CO ratio in the synthesis product gas can be adjusted in the range 0.3-1.4, very favorable for further C1 synthesis. 10 refs., 17 figs., 1t ab.

Jun Shen; Zhi-zhong Wang; Huai-wang Yang; Run-sheng Yao [Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan (China). Department of Chemical Engineering

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hydrogen production from simulated hot coke oven gas by using oxygen-permeable ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen production from simulated hot coke oven gas (HCOG) was investigated in a BaCo{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 0.2}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} (BCFNO) membrane reactor combined with a Ni/Mg(Al)O catalyst by the partial oxidation with toluene as a model tar compound under atmospheric pressure. The reaction results indicated that toluene was completely converted to H{sub 2} and CO in the catalytic reforming of the simulated HCOG in the temperature range from 825 to 875{sup o}C. Both thermodynamically predicated values and experimental data showed that the selective oxidation of toluene took precedence over that of CH{sub 4} in the reforming reaction. At optimized reaction conditions, the dense oxygen-permeable membrane has an oxygen permeation flux around 12.3 mL cm{sup -2} min{sup -1}, and a CH{sub 4} conversion of 86%, a CO{sub 2} conversion of 99%, a H{sub 2} yield of 88%, and a CO yield of 87% have been achieved. When the toluene and methane were reformed, the amount of H{sub 2} in the reaction effluent gas was about 2 times more than that of original H{sub 2} in simulated HCOG. The results reveal that it is feasible for hydrogen production from HCOG by reforming hydrocarbon compounds in a ceramic oxygen-permeable membrane reactor. 27 refs., 10 figs., 3 abs.

Hongwei Cheng; Yuwen Zhang; Xionggang Lu; Weizhong Ding; Qian Li [Shanghai University, Shanghai (China). Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Metallurgy and Materials Processing

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Environmental Monitoring program. Volume 1 - sampling progrom report. Baseline Sampling Program report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE provided cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct and Environmental Monitoring Plan for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. It also requires the preparation of a final report on the results of the Baseline Compliance and Supplemental Sampling Programs that are part of the EMP and which were conducted prior to the startup of the innovative coke oven gas cleaning system. This report is the Baseline Sampling Program report.

Stuart, L.M.

1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

91

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Soil Water Retention and Relative Permeability for Conditions from Oven-Dry to Full Saturation  

SciTech Connect

Common conceptual models for unsaturated flow often rely on the oversimplified representation of medium pores as a bundle of cylindrical capillaries and assume that the matric potential is attributed to the capillary force only. The adsorptive surface forces are ignored. It is often assumed that aqueous flow is negligible when a soil is near or at the residual water content. These models are successful at high and medium water contents but often give poor results at low water contents. These models do not apply to conditions at which the water content is less than the residual water content. We extend the lower bound of existing water-retention functions and conductivity models from residual water content to the oven-dry condition (i.e., zero water content) by defining a state-dependent, residual-water content for a soil drier than a critical value. Furthermore, a hydraulic conductivity model for smooth uniform spheres was modified by introducing a correction factor to describe the film flow-induced hydraulic conductivity for natural porous media. The total unsaturated hydraulic conductivity is the sum of those due to capillary and film flow. The extended retention and conductivity models were verified measurements. Results show that, when the soil is at high and intermediate water content, there is no difference between the un-extended and the extended models; when the soil is at low water content, the un-extended models overestimate the water content but underestimate the conductivity. The extended models match the retention and conductivity measurements well.

Zhang, Z. F.

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

93

Rapid Baking of Friction Material with Microwaves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The curing is followed by baking in electrical oven with multistage heating for ... Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave Power under

94

Investigation on Microstructural Characterization of Microwave ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... substrate have been developed through home microwave oven at frequency ... On the Interrelationship of Applied Fields and Heating Rates during Electric ...

95

Trials and Tribulations of Ancient Starch Research: An Investigation of Contamination and Earth Ovens at Fort Hood, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Historically, earth ovens have been used to provide direct evidence of ancient plant use through the recovery of charred macrobotanical remains and indirectly by means of experimental archaeology and the ethnographic record. Experiments suggest that direct evidence of ancient starch-rich plant use can be obtained through the recovery of starch granules deposited on fire-cracked-rock (FCR) during cooking episodes even in regions where macrobotanical remains are scarcely preserved. Starch contamination, however, can enter into the archaeological record providing “background noise.” Therefore, this study analyzes the results of the Paluxy Sand Geophyte Project to determine if archaeological starch (starch that is both cultural and ancient in origin) can be differentiated from contamination using FCR recovered from heating elements in well-preserved earth ovens at Fort Hood, Texas. FCR, non-cultural rock control samples (RCS), and air control samples (ACS) were processed and analyzed from 27 earth ovens at 6 sites. Contamination control measures were used, including the use of a clean bench, powder-free latex gloves, washing samples prior to processing, spot sampling, and comparisons between starch granule assemblages recovered from FCR and control samples. Laboratory and field equipment were processed and analyzed for contamination. Only one feature (Feature 4 from 41CV984) yielded starch granules that are unambiguously archaeological in origin, rather than the result of contamination, whereas starch assemblages from the other sites could be archaeological or contamination in origin. Small sample sizes, differential preservation, and/or the cooking of non-starch-rich plants could account for the lack of differences between FCR and RCS samples. Finally, maize (Zea mays) starch granules were recovered from all sample types suggesting that maize starch, most likely from “powder-free” gloves and air-fall is a significant source of starch contamination.

Laurence, Andrew

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 1, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1991  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

Not Available

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

97

Influence of technological factors on statics of hydrogen sulfide absorption from coke-oven gas by the ammonia process  

SciTech Connect

The basic technological factors that determine the effectiveness of hydrogen sulfide absorption from coke-oven gas by the cyclic ammonia process are the initial H/sub 2/S content of the gas, the degree of purification, the absorption temperature and the NH/sub 3/ and CO/sub 2/ contents of the absorbent solution. The effects of these factors on the statics of hydrogen sulfide absorption are studied. The investigation is based on the phase-equilibrium distributions of components in the absorption-desorption gas-cleaning cycle. The mathematical model is presented which includes the solution of a system of chemical equilibrium equations for reactions in the solution, material balances, and electrical neutrality. 4 references, 5 figures, 1 table.

Nazarov, V.G.; Kamennykh, B.M.; Rus'yanov, N.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers relative to job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking  

SciTech Connect

1-Hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of recent exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated whether urinary 1-OHP concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers (COWs) are modulated by job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking. The present cross-sectional study measured urinary 1-OHP concentrations in 197 COWs from Coking plant I and 250 COWs from Coking plant II, as well as 220 unexposed referents from Control plant I and 56 referents from Control plant II. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations (geometric mean, {mu}mol/mol creatinine) were 5.18 and 4.21 in workers from Coking plants I and II, respectively. The highest 1-OHP levels in urine were found among topside workers including lidmen, tar chasers, and whistlers. Benchmen had higher 1-OHP levels than other workers at the sideoven. Above 75% of the COWs exceeded the recommended occupational exposure limit of 2.3 {mu}mol/mol creatinine. Respirator usage and increased body mass index (BMI) slightly reduced 1-OHP levels in COWs. Cigarette smoking significantly increased urinary 1-OHP levels in unexposed referents but had no effect in COWs. Chinese COWs, especially topside workers and benchmen, are exposed to high levels of PAHs. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations appear to be modulated by respirator usage and BMI in COWs, as well as by smoking in unexposed referents.

Bo Chen; Yunping Hu; Lixing Zheng; Qiangyi Wang; Yuanfen Zhou; Taiyi Jin [Fudan University, Shanghai (China). School of Public Health

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the...

100

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kill-a-Watt Competition at University of Central Florida Faces of the Recovery Act: Sun Catalytix Investing in Clean, Safe Nuclear Energy Secretary Chu Speaks at the 2010...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Solar PV Sec. Chu Online Town Hall Energy 101: Cool Roofs Energy 101: Geothermal Heat Pumps Why Cool Roofs? Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future...

102

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Transforming the American Economy Through Innovation Linac Coherent Light Source Overview Matt Rogers on AES Energy Storage Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power...

103

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Future of Biofuels The Climate Challenge... and What's at Stake Sec. Chu Announces the First Auto Loans for Advanced Technologies...

104

Oven | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security & Safety -Emergency Response & Procedures or Search Energy.gov Search Clear Filters All Videos ARPA-E 2011 Keynote: Ray Mabus, Secretary of the Navy Electrofuels:...

105

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 3, January 1, 1991--December 31, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

Not Available

1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

106

Process for separating, especially in multiple stages, acid components such as CO/sub 2/, HCN and specifically H/sub 2/S, from gases, especially from coke oven gases, by means of ammonia recirculation scrubbing  

SciTech Connect

A process of separating in multiple stages acid components in coke oven gas such as CO/sub 2/, HCN and particularly H/sub 2/S by ammonia scrubbing wherein the ammonia used in scrubbing is deacidified to remove the acid components and is recirculated to the scrubbing process at least in part as substantially pure liquid ammonia.

Bauer, H.K.; Otte, E.A.W.

1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

107

Modelling Microwave Plasmas for Deposition Purposes : Exploring the Freedom in Space and Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

those in microwave ovens and indeed the Solar 1000 was so constructed. The bulb was rotated the successful application of models of industrial interest" [9]. A secondary goal of this work is to address

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

108

Numerical and experimental modelling of microwave applicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area of use is for the processing of food, the tempering of fruit, meat, fish and dairy produce, for the heating and cooking of meals and for sterilisation and pasteurisation. The domestic microwave oven is now a common household appliance throughout... the world and many food producers are turning to microwave heating as a means of achieving the high quality products demanded by todays consumers. The sizes of these systems can range from a few hundred watts for a domestic oven to over 250 kilowatts for a...

Dibben, David

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

109

Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Tiegs, T.N.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

Process for the elimination of waste water produced upon the desulfurization of coking oven gas by means of wash solution containing organic oxygen-carrier, with simultaneous recovery of elemental sulfur  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for the elimination of waste water falling out with the desulfurization of coking oven gas by means of an organic oxygen carrier-containing washing solution with simultaneous recovery of elemental sulfur. The waste water is decomposed in a combustion chamber in a reducing atmosphere at temperatures between about 1000/sup 0/ and 1100/sup 0/ C. under such conditions that the mole ratio of H/sub 2/S:SO/sub 2/ in the exhaust gas of the combustion chamber amounts to at least 2:1. Sulfur falling out is separated and the sensible heat of the exhaust gas is utilized for steam generation. The cooled and desulfurized exhaust gas is added to the coking oven gas before the pre-cooling. Sulfur falling out from the washing solution in the oxidizer is separated out and lead into the combustion chamber together with the part of the washing solution discharged as waste water from the washing solution circulation. Preferred embodiments include that the sulfur loading of the waste water can amount to up to about 370 kg sulfur per m/sup 3/ waste water; having the cooling of sulfur-containing exhaust gas leaving the combustion chamber follow in a waste heat boiler and a sulfur condenser heated by pre-heated boiler feed water, from which condenser sulfur is discharged in liquid state.

Diemer, P.; Brake, W.; Dittmer, R.

1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microwave sintering of boron carbide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming boron carbide into a particular shape and densifying the green boron carbide shape. Boron carbide in powder form is pressed into a green shape and then sintered, using a microwave oven, to obtain a dense boron carbide body. Densities of greater than 95% of theoretical density have been obtained. 1 tab.

Blake, R.D.; Katz, J.D.; Petrovic, J.J.; Sheinberg, H.

1988-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

113

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kitchens; cooking appliances; cooking tops; energy consumption; energy efficiency; kitchen appliances; microwave ovens; ovens; ranges; test ...

114

SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY Office of Housing, Meal Plan, and I.D. Card Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditioners, dishwashers, roasting ovens, and other major appliances are also prohibited. A microwave oven

Raina, Ramesh

115

Method for reducing coke oven carbonization pressure  

SciTech Connect

A method of reducing the carbonization pressure in the coking of coal is provided which comprises randomly dispersing flakes through the coal, said flakes formed of a material that does not pass through a plastic phase such as pressed sawdust wherein the flakes have a thickness of between about 1/8 '' and about 3/4 '' and a length and width of between about 1'' and about 5''.

Perch, M.

1981-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

Synthesis and characterization of pyrite (FeS{sub 2}) using microwave irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure using microwave irradiation was studied to develop a fast and reliable method for synthesizing pyrite. Pyrite was successfully synthesized within a few minutes via reaction of ferric iron and hydrogen sulfide under the influence of irradiation by a conventional microwave oven. The SEM-EDX study revealed that the nucleation and growth of pyrite occurred on the surface of elemental sulfur, where polysulfides are available. Compared to conventional heating, using microwave energy results in rapid (<1 min) formation of smaller particulates of pyrite. Higher levels of microwave power can form pyrite even faster, but faster reaction can lead to the formation of pyrite with defects.

Kim, Eun Jung, E-mail: ekim229@uwo.ca [Department of Civil Engineering Texas A and M University, 3136 TAMU, College Station, TX, 77843 (United States); Batchelor, Bill [Department of Civil Engineering Texas A and M University, 3136 TAMU, College Station, TX, 77843 (United States)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene-vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

118

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments. 3 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

microwave ovens are available in countertop or over-the-range configurations. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for Microwave Ovens...

120

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equipment: Residential Dishwashers (Direct Final Rule),dryers, clothes washers, dishwashers, and microwave ovens (and Dryers Microwave Ovens Dishwashers Series Name Household

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Standard test method for determination of "microwave safe for reheating" for ceramicware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This test method determines the suitability of ceramicware for use in microwave re-heating applications. Microwave ovens are mainly used for reheating and defrosting frozen foods. Severe thermal conditions can occur while reheating foods. Typical reheating of foods requires one to five min. in the microwave at the highest power settings. Longer periods than five minutes are considered cooking. Cooking test methods and standards are not addressed in this test method. Most ceramicware is minimally absorbing of the microwave energy and will not heat up significantly. Unfortunately there are some products that absorb microwave energy to a greater extent and can become very hot in the microwave and pose a serious hazard. Additionally, the nature of microwave heating introduces radiation in a non-uniform manner producing temperature differentials in the food being cooked as well as the ceramic container holding it. The differential may become great enough to thermal shock the ware and create dangerous condition...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

INEXPENSIVE, OFF THE SHELF HYBRID MICROWAVE SYSTEM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid-heating microwave oven provides the energy to heat small 10-gram samples of spent metal tritide storage bed material to release tenaciously held decay product {sup 3}He. Complete mass balance procedures require direct measurement of added or produced gases on a tritide bed, and over 1100 C is necessary to release deep trapped {sup 3}He. The decomposition of non-radioactive CaCO{sub 3} and the quantitative measurement of CO{sub 2} within 3% of stoichiometry demonstrate the capabilities of the apparatus to capture generated (released) gases.

Walters, T; Paul Burket, P; John Scogin, J

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

123

Coupled Electromagnetic and Thermal Modeling of Microwave Tissue Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study deals with 3D finite element modeling of microwave tissue processing using Comsol software 4.0. Maxwell’s equations are coupled with heat conduction equation to determine electromagnetic field distribution and temperature profile within tissue sample in a reagent inside a domestic microwave oven. The microwave power generation term is calculated. Also, temperature distribution obtained is compared with experimental point measurements recorded in the centre of the tissue using a shielded K type thermocouple. Good agreement is found between numerical and experimental data. The effect of size of both reagent and tissue as well as tissue type on microwave heating patterns within tissue sample is investigated. Studies shows that the reagent volume has greater effect than other factors. The results of the study is considered as a basic foundation for development of coupled electromagnetic thermal models of microwave heating of tissue specimens. The model assists in choosing appropriate process parameters for achieving uniform temperature distribution within tissue specimen.

Osama A Hassan; Ahmed H K; Il Ences; Ahmed M El Bialy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power, Televisions, Electric Ovens, Space Heating and WaterHeating Equipment  Dishwashers  DVD Players and Recorders  External Power Supplies  Furnaces  Furnace Fans  Microwave Ovens  

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) http:energy.govnepadownloadsea-1662-final-environmental...

126

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications  

SciTech Connect

The EMP consists of a Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program and a Supplemental monitoring Sampling Program. The Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program will be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Project and during a summer and a winter period following the successful Startup and Operational phase of the completed Project. compliance monitoring consist of conducting all the sampling and observation programs associated with existing required Federal, State, and Local Regulations, Permits and Orders. These include air, water, and waste monitoring and OSHA and NESHAP monitoring. The Supplemental Monitoring Program will also be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Demonstration Facility and during a summer and a winter period following the successful startup and Operational phase of the completed Facility. Supplemental Monitoring includes sampling of 27 additional streams that are important to measure operational or environmental performance and impacts of the installation of the new COG treatment facilities.

Not Available

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

127

Grain Moisture Air-Oven Reference Methods in the United ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Sunflower ground 50/50 with celite None (for moisture cor? rection of crude oil results Icing Mix Powder Triticale ? 16 % Lasagna ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Modelling and optimisation of an industrial bread baking oven.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In bread-making, the baking process is one of the key steps to produce the final product quality attributes including texture, color and flavor, as a… (more)

Therdthai, Nantawan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure in German Coke Oven Workers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed whenever there is incomplete combustion of carbonaceous material. They are ubiquitous in the environment and background levels are found… (more)

Thoroman, Jeffrey S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION POTENTIALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heating Dryer Range/oven Pool heating Spa heating TotalWater heating Space heating Range/oven Dryer Pool/spa Water heating Outdoor lighting Microwave Range/oven Clothes 

Masanet, Eric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Microwave-assisted synthesis of calcium phosphate nanowhiskers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phosphate (TCP), and biphasic HA-TCP] nanowhiskers and/or powders were produced by using a novel microwave-assisted “combustion synthesis (auto ignition)/molten salt synthesis ” hybrid route. This work is an example of our “synergistic processing” philosophy combining these three technologies while taking advantage of their useful aspects. Aqueous solutions containing NaNO 3, Ca(NO 3) 2·4H 2O and KH 2PO 4 (with or without urea) were irradiated in a household microwave oven for 5 min at 600 watts of power. The as-synthesized precursors were then simply stirred in water at room temperature for 1htoobtain the nanowhiskers or powders of the desired calcium phosphate bioceramics. I.

Sahil Jalota; A. Cuneyt Tas; Sarit B. Bhaduri

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kitchen Ranges and Ovens Kitchen Ranges and Ovens Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for residential kitchen ranges and ovens since 1990. Residential kitchen ranges and ovens include conventional ranges, conventional cooking tops, conventional ovens, microwave ovens, and microwave/conventional ranges, known collectively as cooking products. Cooking products cook or heat food by means of gas, electricity, or microwave energy. These products are used primarily in homes and apartments. Kitchen ranges and ovens do not include portable or countertop ovens that use electric resistance heating or are designed to use an electrical supply of approximately 120 volts. For information about microwave ovens, go to microwave ovens.

133

Microwave-assisted synthesis of sensitive silver substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

A sensitive silver substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is synthesized under multimode microwave irradiation. The microwave-assisted synthesis of the SERS-active substrate was carried out in a modified domestic microwave oven of 2450 MHz, and the reductive reaction was conducted in a polypropylene container under microwave irradiation with a power of 100 W for 5 min. Formaldehyde was employed as both the reductant and microwave absorber in the reductive process. The effects of different heating methods (microwave dielectric and conventional) on the properties of the SERS-active substrates were investigated. Samples obtained with 5 min of microwave irradiation at a power of 100 W have more well-defined edges, corners, and sharper surface features, while the samples synthesized with 1 h of conventional heating at 40 deg. C consist primarily of spheroidal nanoparticles. The SERS peak intensity of the {approx}1593 cm{sup -1} band of 4-mercaptobenzoic acid adsorbed on silver nanoparticles synthesized with 5 min of microwave irradiation at a power of 100 W is about 30 times greater than when it is adsorbed on samples synthesized with 1 h of conventional heating at 40 deg. C. The results of quantum chemical calculations are in good agreement with our experimental data. This method is expected to be utilized for the synthesis of other metal nanostructural materials.

Xia Lixin; Wang Haibo; Wang Jian; Gong Ke; Jia Yi; Zhang Huili [College of Chemistry, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036 (China); Sun Mengtao [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Laboratory of Soft Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

134

Demand for Electric Vehicles in Hybrid Households: An Exploratory Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heating coffee or cooking any of hundreds of products which have been specifically repackaged for microwave ovens.

Kurani, Kenneth S.; Turrentine, Tom; Sperling, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

After-hours power status of office equipment and energy use of miscellaneous plug-load equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial refrigerator, S freezer incandescent tracklight, 50 lamps each phone/PBX centrex system coffee maker, residential model microwave oven

Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Margaret; Busch, John F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Efficient preparation of nanocrystalline anatase TiO{sub 2} and V/TiO{sub 2} thin layers using microwave drying and/or microwave calcination technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study has demonstrated that the synthesis of TiO{sub 2} and V/TiO{sub 2} thin layers may be significantly improved and extended if microwave energy is employed during the drying and/or calcination step. Thin nanoparticulate titania layers were prepared via the sol-gel method using titanium n-butoxide as a precursor. As prepared films were then analyzed by means of various characterization techniques (Raman spectroscopy, UV/Vis, AFM, XPS) in order to determine their functional properties. The photocatalytic activities of prepared layers were quantified by the decoloring rate of Rhodamine B. All thermal treatments in microwave field were done in the same manner, by using an IR pyrometer in the microwave oven and monitoring the temperature of the heating. Nevertheless the microwave and thermally prepared materials were different. This in turn may lead to differences in their functional and also photocatalytic properties. - Graphical abstract: This study has demonstrated that the synthesis of thin layers may be improved and extended if microwave energy is employed during the preparation process. Microwave processing has the potential to reduce the time, cost and energy input for the production of thin layers.

Zabova, H., E-mail: zabova@icpf.cas.c [Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Rozvojova 135, 165 02 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Sobek, J.; Cirkva, V.; Solcova, O. [Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Rozvojova 135, 165 02 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Kment, S. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Hajek, M. [Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Rozvojova 135, 165 02 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Costs and Benefits of Home-Based Telecommuting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bulb Microwave Oven Cooling – Air Conditioning Heating – GasOven Rangetop Burner – Electric Rangetop Burner – Gas Cooling – Fan Cooling – Window System Cooling – Air Conditioning (3-ton) Portable Heater Heating –

Shafizadeh, Kevan R.; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.; Niemeier, Debbie A.; Salomon, Ilan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

space heating, steam applications and in the curing ovens ofovens, there is significant heat input during the heating upOven type Infrared paint curing UV paint curing Microwave heating

Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The MW Technology and Activities in Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... it possible for system design from existing fire furnaces and microwave ovens. ... Continuous Microwave Furnaces for Industrial-Scale Sintering, Calcining and ...

140

Zucchini, Sausage and Feta Casserole 1. Preheat oven to 400 degrees F.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water 5 minutes (don't add salt or fat); drain. 3. Remove casings from sausage. 4. Heat a large-purpose white flour 1/2 c canned chicken broth 1/2 c feta cheese, crumbled 2 oz shredded mozzarella cheese Serves: 6 Nutrition facts per Calories: 350 Total Fat: 10 g Saturated Fat: 3.5 g Trans Fat: 0 g

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CFD and Heat Transfer Models of Baking Bread in a Tunnel Oven.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The importance of efficiency in food processing cannot be overemphasized. It is important for an organization to remain consumer- and business-oriented in an increasingly competitive… (more)

Adamic, Raymond Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process Oven Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial process heating systems.

Not Available

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

An Electrical-Readout, Oven-Controlled, Aneroid Barometer for Meteorological Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electrical readout, aneroid barometer is described, suitable for meteorological use, which operates in a constant temperature (40°C) enclosure to eliminate corrections to calibration coefficients (?0, ??0) for variations in ambient ...

J. R. Garratt; I. G. Bird; J. Stevenson

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Spatial variation of coke quality in the non-recovery beehive coke ovens.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??More than 50% of hot metal production worldwide takes place in blast furnaces. Coke is the most expensive raw material in the blast furnace. It… (more)

Segers, Magrieta

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

2001 TMS Annual Meeting Exhibitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminium Extrusion - including log heaters and shears, ageing ovens, automatic ageing oven basket handling systems and die ovens. Aluminium Heat ...

146

Epitaxial synthesis of diamond layers on a monocrystalline diamond substrate in a torch microwave plasmatron  

SciTech Connect

The epitaxial growth of a diamond single-crystal film in a torch microwave discharge excited by a magnetron of a domestic microwave oven with the power of {<=}1 kW in an argon-hydrogen-methane mixture with a high concentration of methane (up to 25% with respect to hydrogen) at atmospheric pressure on a sub-strate of a synthetic diamond single crystal (HPHP) with the orientation (100) and 4 Multiplication-Sign 4 mm in size is obtained. A discharge with the torch diameter of {approx}2 mm and the concentration of the microwave power absorbed in the torch volume of >10{sup 3} W/cm{sup 3} is shown to be effective for epitaxial enlargement of a single crystal of synthetic diamond. The structure of the deposited film with the thickness up to 10 {mu}m with high-quality morphology is investigated with an optical microscope as well as using the methods of the Raman scattering and scanning electron microscopy.

Sergeichev, K. F., E-mail: kserg@fpl.gpi.ru; Lukina, N. A. [Prokhorov Institute of General Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and household solar water heating systems. The MinimumGrades for Household Solar Water Heating Systems (GB 26969-microwave ovens, solar water heating systems; (2) Lighting

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Acceptable Materials for Recycling at Colorado State University Mixed Paper -Acceptable Items  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acceptable Materials for Recycling at Colorado State University Mixed Paper - Acceptable Items - Acceptable Items Refrigerators Microwave ovens Electrical Equipment: computers, monitors, TV's, etc. Remember

149

Residential Housing Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PCs, Modems and Laser Printers: Main Heating Fuels: Household PC Usage : Use of Central Heating Systems: Stoves, Ovens and Microwaves: Main Central ...

150

RECS Trends - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PCs, Modems, and Laser Printers ; Household PC Usage ; Stoves, Ovens, and Microwaves ; Laundry Equipment ; Contact: Chip Berry Survey Manager Phone: (202) 586-5543

151

Time to Celebrate: NIST Radio Station WWVB Logs 50 Years ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as refrigerators, microwave ovens and thermostats, motor vehicles, as well as ... get the time signal to original equipment manufacturers, and get ...

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

152

Controlled Processing of Mesoporous ??Fe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The liquid mixtures were processed into amorphous solid foams in a microwave oven under controlled sensor heating process. Based on TGA/DSC experiments

153

JOM: The Member Journal of TMS - JOM Monthly - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 19, 2010 ... Introducing the self-assembly process to industrial semiconductor ... heat usually used in self-assembly research with a microwave oven.

154

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 2008 Microwave Oven Manufacturer Market Shares (Percent of Products Produced) Company Market Share (%) LG Electronics (Goldstar) 33% Sharp 15% Samsung 15% Daewoo 7% Matsushita...

155

Reducing Leaking Electricity to 1 Watt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as refrigerators, dishwashers, and ranges. Ranging fromappliances, from VCRs to dishwashers, from remote-controlledSpeakers Receiver Tuner Dishwasher Microwave Oven Range

Meier, A.K.; Huber, Wolfgang; Rosen, Karen

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

62: Final Environmental Assessment 62: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) This chapter describes potential environmental effects that may result from amended energy conservation standards for residential cooking products and commercial clothes washers. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers), DOE/EA-1662 (April 2009)

157

Abstract--The paper reviews solutions being explored to face the supply problems faced in the Chilean electricity market oven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with dependence on natural gas. The Russian gas imports to central Europe were at risk on January 2006, causing, The energy thirsty Brazil and the fast economic growing Chile depend on natural gas imports which going back to thermal generation with imported coal, importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) to feed

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

158

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standby Power, Oven, Water Heating and Space Heating •Television Water Heating Oven Air Conditioner Fan Standbyby Power Devices Oven Water Heating Space Heating Lighting

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Realized and projected impacts of U.S. federal efficiency standards for residential appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kitchen ranges and ovens, direct heating equipment (wall,Ranges and Ovens Pool Heaters Direct Heating Equipment X =Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael; Liu, Xiaomin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in the U.S. Iron and Steel sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constant heating of the coke ovens ensures optimization ofProgrammed heating Variable speed drive coke oven gasheating Eccentric bottom tapping (EBT) Variable speed drive on coke oven

Worrell, Ernst; Martin, N.; Price, L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kitchen ranges and ovens, direct heating equipment (wall,Ranges and Ovens Pool Heaters Direct Heating Equipment X =Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,

Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constant heating of the coke ovens ensures optimization ofheating - coke plant Variable speed drive coke oven gasheating - coke plant Variable speed drive coke oven gas

Xu, T.T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is coke produced in industrial coke ovens. This category isinefficient than industrial coke ovens. This category is noFrom Gas Fields (industrial use) Coke Oven Gas (industrial

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

China Energy Databook - Rev. 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coke produced i n industrial coke ovens. "Antique" coke isboilers Industrial boilers Kilns Producer ovens Motorovens Coke ovens and metallurgical furnaces Industrial kilns

Sinton Editor, J.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Application of Electromagnetic Waves in Durable Press Finishing with Polycarboxylic Acid: 2000 AATC International Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The treatment in a microwave oven described in this report has been done for the purose of preliminary research. New and innovative thermal treatments are presented, aimed at achieving better effects in crease-resistant treatments of cellulosic fabrics. Results obtained after treatment in a microwave oven are compared with those obtained after conventional thermal condensation treatment in a stenter. Favorable results indicate the need for further investigations of the application of microwave treatment ...

2000-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

166

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kitchen ranges and ovens, direct heating equipment (wall,Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Industrial Sector Energy Conservation Programs in the People's Republic of China during the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1986-1990)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

furnaces and rolling mill heating ovens (Wu and Meng, 1991).and ovens, encouraging cogeneration and district heating,

Zhiping, L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,

Lekov, Alex

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,heating, dishwasher motor, domes dryer, gas range and gas oven

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

boilers Ranges & ovens Pool heaters Direct heating equipmentOvens Standby Washing Machines Televisions Space Cooling Electric Water Heating

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards & Labeling Programs for Copy Machines, External Power Supplies, LED Displays, Residential Gas Cooktops and Televisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grills, ovens or portable butane stoves. The EU Ecodesign isgrills, ovens and portable butane stoves Proposed Mandatory

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Behavior of Coal-Based Direct Reduction Reaction of Iron Oxide ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a MW-L0316V microwave oven and Leica-DM-RXP polarizing microscope. ... A Path Planning Study of Multi-pass Heat Treatment using High Power Direct ...

173

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy, a far more powerful version of what's generated by your kitchen microwave oven. Klystrons do this by sending a low-power wave of energy at a stream of electrons....

174

Low Dimensional Nanomaterials I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2010 ... The Au-loaded SnO2 particles are heated between 500 and 700 °C in a ... solid foams under controlled sensor heating in microwave oven.

175

6p Fermi 12/3/99  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ovens, but provide far more energya million times more power than an ordinary light bulb, and 75 thousand times the power of a high-end kitchen microwave. In SLACs concept...

176

Synthesis of CdS Nanocrystals Stabilized with Sodium Citrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... keeping constant a pH of 8, heating was carried out in a microwave oven for 60 s ... A Vertical Core-Shell Nanowire Architecture for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ...

177

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Active Mode Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to establish test procedures for microwave ovens...

178

Approach on the high frequency electromagnetic field effects on human blood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications of microwave have been increased in the last years due to radars and police communication systems, high power satellite and TV transmitters, mobile phones, microwave ovens and medical devices. Exposure to microwave emissions has a negative ... Keywords: biological effects, exposure to microwave emissions, microscope analysis, modeling, simulation, ultrastructure of the human blood

Marius A. Silaghi; Ulrich L. Rohde; Ovidiu C. Fratila; Helga Silaghi; Tiberia Ioana Ilias

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Microwave detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave detector is provided for measuring the envelope shape of a microwave pulse comprised of high-frequency oscillations. A biased ferrite produces a magnetization field flux that links a B-dot loop. The magnetic field of the microwave pulse participates in the formation of the magnetization field flux. High-frequency insensitive means are provided for measuring electric voltage or current induced in the B-dot loop. The recorded output of the detector is proportional to the time derivative of the square of the envelope shape of the microwave pulse.

Meldner, H.W.; Cusson, R.Y.; Johnson, R.M.

1985-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microwave detector  

SciTech Connect

A microwave detector (10) is provided for measuring the envelope shape of a microwave pulse comprised of high-frequency oscillations. A biased ferrite (26, 28) produces a magnetization field flux that links a B-dot loop (16, 20). The magnetic field of the microwave pulse participates in the formation of the magnetization field flux. High-frequency insensitive means (18, 22) are provided for measuring electric voltage or current induced in the B-dot loop. The recorded output of the detector is proportional to the time derivative of the square of the envelope shape of the microwave pulse.

Meldner, Heiner W. (Moss Beach, CA); Cusson, Ronald Y. (Chapel Hill, NC); Johnson, Ray M. (San Ramon, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 2, July 1, 1991--September 30, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The EMP consists of a Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program and a Supplemental monitoring Sampling Program. The Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program will be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Project and during a summer and a winter period following the successful Startup and Operational phase of the completed Project. compliance monitoring consist of conducting all the sampling and observation programs associated with existing required Federal, State, and Local Regulations, Permits and Orders. These include air, water, and waste monitoring and OSHA and NESHAP monitoring. The Supplemental Monitoring Program will also be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Demonstration Facility and during a summer and a winter period following the successful startup and Operational phase of the completed Facility. Supplemental Monitoring includes sampling of 27 additional streams that are important to measure operational or environmental performance and impacts of the installation of the new COG treatment facilities.

Not Available

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

182

DOE/EA-1662: Environmmental Assessment for Energy Conservation Standards for Cooking Products (April 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers) April 2009 CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1

183

Method of nitriding refractory metal articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding a refractory-nitride forming metal or metalloid articles and composite articles. A consolidated metal or metalloid article or composite is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid or composite to an article or composite of refractory nitride. In addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN); Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Omatete, Ogbemi O. (Lagos, NG); Young, Albert C. (Flushing, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Method of nitriding refractory metal articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of nitriding a refractory-nitride forming metal or metalloid articles and composite articles. A consolidated metal or metalloid article or composite is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid or composite to an article or composite of refractory nitride. In addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

Tiegs, T.N.; Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Omatete, O.O.; Young, A.C.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Microwave furnace having microwave compatible dilatometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of a sample being heated by microwave energy is described. The apparatus comprises a microwave heating device for heating a sample by microwave energy, a microwave compatible dilatometer for measuring and monitoring a change in the dimension of the sample being heated by microwave energy without leaking microwaves out of the microwave heating device, and a temperature determination device for measuring and monitoring the temperature of the sample being heated by microwave energy. 2 figs.

Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Janney, M.A.; Ferber, M.K.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

186

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OvenFuel Usage Range of possible Values Stoves Electric Gasdefault usage is 1 hour per day for both electric and gas1995). For gas ovens, EC = (oven _ rate ! usage week ! 52) +

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the coke ovens, programmed heating enables optimizationCDQ) Programmed heating Coke oven gas (COG) Variable speedof coal. The coke ovens are separated by heating flues. In a

Worrell, Ernst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of each oven temperature setting (initial heating to 350°F towels.  Ovens were additionally cleaned by heating to  the with the heating cycle used to precondition each oven prior 

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

ASSESSMENT OF THERMOCOUPLE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS DURING IN SITU HEATER EXPERIMENTS AT STRIPA, SWEDEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

series of self- heating tests at five oven temperatures fromthe selected oven temperature. As a result RTD self-heatingand the oven at 200°C. The RTD self-heating also caused a

Binnall, E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Structural Characterization of and Plutonium Sorption on Mesoporous and Nanoparticulate Ferrihydrite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sample is placed in the oven after heating to the correctsample in the oven where the heating rate can be measuredhas been in the oven during the entire heating process. This

Brogan, Luna Kestrel Schwaiger

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

D- PRODUCTION BY MULTIPLE CHARGE-TRANSFER COLLISIONS IN METAL-VAPOR TARGETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an oven, a jet, or a heat pipe. An oven is usually easy tocan be difficult. A heat pipe allows high densities,of target (jet, oven, heat pipe, etc). Factors to consider

Schlachter, A.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 2, Fluorescent lamp ballasts, television sets, room air conditioners, and kitchen ranges and ovens  

SciTech Connect

This document is divided into ``volumes`` B through E, dealing with individual classes of consumer products. Chapters in each present engineering analysis, base case forecasts, projected national impacts of standards, life-cycle costs and payback periods, impacts on manufacturers, impacts of standards on electric utilities, and environmental effects. Supporting appendices are included.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

TableHC2.10.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coventional Oven Coventional Oven Use an Oven......................................................... 109.6 71.3 7.4 7.7 16.4 6.8 More Than Once a Day..................................... 8.9 5.7 0.5 0.6 1.3 0.7 Once a Day....................................................... 19.2 13.3 1.3 1.4 2.1 1.0 Between Once a Day and Once a Week........... 32.0 22.7 2.1 1.8 4.0 1.5 Once a Week.................................................... 19.1 12.2 1.2 1.3 3.0 1.4 Less than Once a Week.................................... 30.3 17.3 2.3 2.6 5.9 2.2 Do Not Use an Oven............................................. 1.5 0.7 Q Q 0.4 Q Microwave Oven Use a Microwave Oven......................................... 97.7 65.3 6.6 6.3 13.3 6.2 Most or all Food Cooked................................... 8.3 5.1 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.7 About Half of All Food Cooked..........................

194

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products Petroleum IndigenousTotal Oven Gas Coke Source Products Petroleum IndigenousConsumption by Source Shares Coal Use Petroleum Natural Gas

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Testing the ecological stability of ectomycorrhizal symbiosis: effects of heat, ash and mycorrhizal colonization on Pinus muricata seedling performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metal pan and heating it in a soil drying oven. During thesoil heating and ash addition, using a drying oven and ash

Peay, Kabir G.; Bruns, Thomas D.; Garbelotto, Matteo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Electronics Come of Age: A Taxonomy for Miscellaneous and Low Power Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric Oven, gas Refrigerator Water heating Water heating,Heating pad Hot plate (kitchen) Iron Juicer Kettle Knife Mug warmer Oven,

Nordman, Bruce; Sanchez, Marla C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

CROSSED BEAM STUDIES OF FULL AND HALF COLLISIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a nickel oven heated by thermo- coax heating elements to°C. The heating and cooling cycles were as rapid as the oven

Sparks, Randal Kenneth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

CHEMILUMINESCENT CHEMI-IONIZATION: Ar* + Ca AND THE CaAr+ EMISSION SPECTRUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oven which was radiatively heated to temperatures as high as 1000°C by tantalum sheet heatingother, resistively heating both. inner sheet. The oven was

Hartman, Dennis C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Field data collection of miscellaneous electrical loads in Northern California: Initial results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a convection oven that allows pre-heating like a typicalToaster ovens have fast warm-up infrared heating elements at

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CDQ) Programmed heating Coke oven gas (COG) Variable speedheating, and cooling) in pelletization, and coke ovenheating, and cooling) in pelletization, and coke oven

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

"A Sacred Space Is Never Empty": Soviet Atheism, 1954-1971  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a little stool and heating the oven. Suddenly I hear theMy God! I stopped heating up the oven, sat next to the radio

Smolkin-Rothrock, Victoria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Manipulation of surface chemistry and nanostructure in porous silicon-based chemical sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

porous film followed by heating in an oven at 180 °C for 30in base, followed by heating in an oven at 70 ?C for 1 hour.

Ruminski, Anne Marie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Integration of the SAPRC Chemical Mechanism in the SMOKE Emissions Processor for the CMAQ/Models- 3 Airshed Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial Processes; Primary Metal Production; By-product Coke Manufacturing; OvenIndustrial Processes; Primary Metal Production; By-product Coke Manufacturing; Oven

Adelman, Z; Vukovich, J; Carter, W P L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Composites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

structures Resources * Abrasive blastersvapor hydrohone * Microprocessor controlled ovens * Autoclave: 4 ft. diameter x 8 ft. long * UV curing * Walk-in oven: 6 ft. x 6 ft. x...

205

LIGHT SCATTERING STUDIES OF SOLIDS AND ATOMIC VAPORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the pump source. A heat pipe oven produced the uniformand construction of the heat pipe oven have been des­ cribed

Chiang, Tai-Chang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Japan's Long-term Energy Demand and Supply Scenario to 2050 - Estimation for the Potential of Massive CO2 Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency and in the coke manufacturing efficiency in thesystems and next-generation coke ovens. Demand for steamingsystems and next-generation coke ovens. Steaming coal

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Oxygen plasma modification of pitch-based isotropic carbon fibres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a process of a hydrothermal gasification to produce hydrogen from wet biomass, such as sewage treatment energy efficiency. Thus, scientists in the KIT experimental center of the world's largest microwave is provided by powerful gyrotron tubes, a kind of microwave oven. This 140 gigahertz gyrotron developed at KIT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

Technical and economic analysis of Plasma-assisted Waste-to-Energy processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a process of a hydrothermal gasification to produce hydrogen from wet biomass, such as sewage treatment energy efficiency. Thus, scientists in the KIT experimental center of the world's largest microwave is provided by powerful gyrotron tubes, a kind of microwave oven. This 140 gigahertz gyrotron developed at KIT

Columbia University

209

Journal of Fusion Energy, Vol. 21, No. 2, June 2002 ( 2003) 0164-0313/02/06000061/0 2003 Plenum Publishing Corporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] and microwave resonators. The industrial set-up at the company Draka which is described in Chapter 4, the main. This PCVD is the first step in the production of high­tech optical fibre. This simulation of industrial MIPs an analogy in a microwave oven, where the water molecules in food or drinks are heated by directed

Abdou, Mohamed

210

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standby and Off Mode Standby and Off Mode Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to establish test procedures for microwave ovens standby and off mode. This rulemaking is mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). This rulemaking is related to the microwave ovens standard and test procedure. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule for test procedures for microwave ovens. 78 FR 4015 (January 18, 2013). Public Meeting Information No public meeting is scheduled at this time. Submitting Public Comments The comment period is closed.

211

Competitive position of natural gas: Industrial baking  

SciTech Connect

Industrial baking is one of the largest natural gas consumers in the food industry. In 1985, bread, rolls, cookies, and crackers accounted for over 82 percent of all baked goods production. Bread accounting for 46 percent of all production. The baking industry consumed approximately 16 trillion Btu in 1985. About 93 percent was natural gas, while distillate fuel oil accounted for seven percent, and electricity accounted for much less than one percent. The three main types of baking ovens are the single lap, tunnel, and Lanham ovens. In the single lap oven, trays carry the product back and forth through the baking chamber once. The single lap oven is the most common type of oven and is popular due to its long horizontal runs, extensive steam zone, and simple construction. The tunnel oven is slightly more efficient and more expensive that the single lap oven. IN the tunnel oven, the hearth is a motorized conveyor which passes in a straight line through a series of heating zones, with loading and unloading occurring at opposite ends of the oven. The advantages of the tunnel oven include flexibility with respect to pan size and simple, accurate top and bottom heat control. The tunnel oven is used exclusively in the cookie and cracker baking, with the product being deposited directly on the oven band. The most recently developed type of oven is the Lanham oven. The Lanham oven is the most efficient type of oven, with a per pound energy consumption approaching the practical minimum for baking bread. Between one--half and two--thirds of all new industrial baking ovens are Lanham ovens. In the Lanham oven, the product enters the oven near the top of the chamber, spirals down through a series of heating zones, and exits near the bottom of the oven. The oven is gas--fired directly by ribbon burners. 31 refs.

Minsker, B.S.; Salama, S.Y.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Boiling Water in Microwave  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boiling Water in Microwave A 26-year old man decided to have a cup of coffee. He took a cup of water and put it in the microwave to heat it up (something that he had done numerous...

213

Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) provides time-series measurements of column-integrated amounts of water vapor and liquid water. The instrument itself is essentially a sensitive microwave receiver. That is, it is tuned to measure the microwave emissions of the vapor and liquid water molecules in the atmosphere at specific frequencies.

Morris, VR

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Microwave hemorrhagic stroke detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The microwave hemorrhagic stroke detector includes a low power pulsed microwave transmitter with a broad-band antenna for producing a directional beam of microwaves, an index of refraction matching cap placed over the patients head, and an array of broad-band microwave receivers with collection antennae. The system of microwave transmitter and receivers are scanned around, and can also be positioned up and down the axis of the patients head. The microwave hemorrhagic stroke detector is a completely non-invasive device designed to detect and localize blood pooling and clots or to measure blood flow within the head or body. The device is based on low power pulsed microwave technology combined with specialized antennas and tomographic methods. The system can be used for rapid, non-invasive detection of blood pooling such as occurs with hemorrhagic stoke in human or animal patients as well as for the detection of hemorrhage within a patient's body.

Haddad, Waleed S. (Dublin, CA); Trebes, James E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

After-hours power status of office equipment and energy use of miscellaneous plug-load equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ovens and computer projectors are categorized as ‘electronics’ although they might alternatively be categorized as ‘heating’

Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Margaret; Busch, John F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

California Industrial Energy Efficiency Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heating (Glass) Efficient Electric Melting Intelligent Extruder (DOE) Near Net Shape Casting Efficient Curing Ovens

Coito, Fred; Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Masanet, Eric; Rafael Friedmann; Rufo, Mike

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Pyroelectric Crystal-Generated Neutron Production: Preliminary Results Using a Portable Vacuum System Don Gillich, Yaron Danon, Andrew Kovanen, Bryan Herman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Setup. Two programmable thermoelectric module controllers (Oven Industries, Inc., Model 5R7-388) were

Danon, Yaron

218

DOI: 10.1007/s00332-005-0671-z J. Nonlinear Sci. Vol. 15: pp. 223253 (2005)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

material from the production of paper, coal briquettes, coke oven gas, and others. Manufacturing processes

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

219

Microwave Processing of Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Furthermore, lower energy consumption is another aspect that the world should consider to cope with this matter. Microwave processing of materials is a clean, ...

220

DRAFT Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook Evaluation of a New Multi-Frequency Microwave Radiometer for Measuring the Vertical Distribution of Temperature, Water Vapor, and Cloud...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

April 10, 2012 Student author  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publications Abdul-Razzaq, W., R. Bushey, and G.L. Winn. 2011. Leakage of microwave ovens. Physics Education. Zitney+ . 2011. Steady state simulation and optimization of an integrated gasification combined cycle+ . 2011. Optimal design and integration of an air separation unit (ASU) for an integrated gasification

Mohaghegh, Shahab

222

Caring for People with Symptoms of Influenza October 9, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(s) for flat size Carpeting & curtains Fridge/freezer Oven & microwave Dishwasher Kitchenware sufficient vacuum bag, one pack of council rubbish bags and one bottle of dishwashing powder at the beginning(s) concerned. You will receive information regarding these inspections before they are carried out. Dishwashing

Ma, Bin

223

An Interview with Stuart Russell: the future of artificial intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AI may not take over the world but it will provide new and powerful tools. Smart microwave ovens? No big deal. Full-size humanoid robots that walk, climb stairs, open and close doors, and pick things up? Now that gets our attention.

Ubiquity staff

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Microwaves and Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwaves and Bacteria Microwaves and Bacteria Name: mike Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do the microwaves in a microwave kill bacteria or is it the heat that kills the bacteria? I am wondering this because i have a science fair project and i am searching for a project dealing with bacteria. Replies: As far as I'm aware it is the heat that kill bacteria in a microwave, and they need quite some time to be dead. The spores that some kind of bacteria make to survive harsh conditions do not contain much water and they might survive microwaves. I'm not sure what bacteria do that can survive high dosis of radiation, like Deinococcus radiodurans. They can do this by a very efficient repair system for their DNA. My guess is that they would also be killed by the heat generated in a microwave but I haven't found any data on this.

225

Microwave coupler and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a microwave coupler for enhancing the heating or metallurgical treatment of materials within a cold-wall, rapidly heated cavity as provided by a microwave furnace. The coupling material of the present invention is an alpha-rhombohedral-boron-derivative-structure material such as boron carbide or boron silicide which can be appropriately positioned as a susceptor within the furnace to heat other material or be in powder particulate form so that composites and structures of boron carbide such as cutting tools, grinding wheels and the like can be rapidly and efficiently formed within microwave furnaces.

Holcombe, C.E.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

226

Cosmic Microwave Background Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cosmic Microwave Background Cosmic Microwave Background CMB.jpg The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is relic radiation from a very early stage in the universe -- essentially a...

227

Microwave fluid flow meter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave fluid flow meter is described utilizing two spaced microwave sensors positioned along a fluid flow path. Each sensor includes a microwave cavity having a frequency of resonance dependent upon the static pressure of the fluid at the sensor locations. The resonant response of each cavity with respect to a variation in pressure of the monitored fluid is represented by a corresponding electrical output which can be calibrated into a direct pressure reading. The pressure drop between sensor locations is then correlated as a measure of fluid velocity. In the preferred embodiment the individual sensor cavities are strategically positioned outside the path of fluid flow and are designed to resonate in two distinct frequency modes yielding a measure of temperature as well as pressure. The temperature response can then be used in correcting for pressure responses of the microwave cavity encountered due to temperature fluctuations.

Billeter, Thomas R. (Richland, WA); Philipp, Lee D. (Richland, WA); Schemmel, Richard R. (Lynchburg, VA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Emitron: microwave diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention comprises a new class of device, driven by electron or other charged particle flow, for producing coherent microwaves by utilizing the interaction of electromagnetic waves with electron flow in diodes not requiring an external magnetic field. Anode and cathode surfaces are electrically charged with respect to one another by electron flow, for example caused by a Marx bank voltage source or by other charged particle flow, for example by a high energy charged particle beam. This produces an electric field which stimulates an emitted electron beam to flow in the anode-cathode region. The emitted electrons are accelerated by the electric field and coherent microwaves are produced by the three dimensional spatial and temporal interaction of the accelerated electrons with geometrically allowed microwave modes which results in the bunching of the electrons and the pumping of at least one dominant microwave mode.

Craig, G.D.; Pettibone, J.S.; Drobot, A.T.

1982-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

229

High power microwave generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave generator efficiently converts the energy of an intense relativistic electron beam (REB) into a high-power microwave emission using the Smith-Purcell effect which is related to Cerenkov radiation. Feedback for efficient beam bunching and high gain is obtained by placing a cylindrical Smith-Purcell transmission grating on the axis of a toroidal resonator. High efficiency results from the use of a thin cold annular highly-magnetized REB that is closely coupled to the resonant structure.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

230

High power microwave generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave generator efficiently converts the energy of an intense relativistic electron beam (REB) into a high-power microwave emission using the Smith-Purcell effect which is related to Cerenkov radiation. Feedback for efficient beam bunching and high gain is obtained by placing a cylindrical Smith-Purcell transmission grating on the axis of a toroidal resonator. High efficiency results from the use of a thin cold annular highly-magnetized REB that is closely coupled to the resonant structure.

Ekdahl, Carl A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Microwaves in Biology, Environmental Studies and Chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 30, 2013... using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, ... Power under Microwave Irradiated Cultivation: Wataru Nagayoshi1; ...

232

Method of sintering ceramic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for sintering ceramic materials is described. A ceramic article is coated with layers of protective coatings such as boron nitride, graphite foil, and niobium. The coated ceramic article is embedded in a container containing refractory metal oxide granules and placed within a microwave oven. The ceramic article is heated by microwave energy to a temperature sufficient to sinter the ceramic article to form a densified ceramic article having a density equal to or greater than 90% of theoretical density. 2 figs.

Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.

1992-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

Toward a Global Microwave Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Weather and climate uses for microwave remote sensing measurements ... Sensing in PML's Electromagnetics Division, "new data coming from ...

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Microwave | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microwave Microwave Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

235

Variable frequency microwave furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable frequency microwave furnace system designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave furnace system includes a microwave signal generator or microwave voltage-controlled oscillator for generating a low-power microwave signal for input to the microwave furnace. A first amplifier may be provided to amplify the magnitude of the signal output from the microwave signal generator or the microwave voltage-controlled oscillator. A second amplifier is provided for processing the signal output by the first amplifier. The second amplifier outputs the microwave signal input to the furnace cavity. In the preferred embodiment, the second amplifier is a traveling-wave tube (TWT). A power supply is provided for operation of the second amplifier. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load. 5 figs.

Bible, D.W.; Lauf, R.J.

1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

236

Local microwave background radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An inquiry on a possible local origin for the Microwave Background Radiation is made. Thermal MBR photons are contained in a system called {\\it magnetic bottle} which is due to Earth magnetic field and solar wind particles, mostly electrons. Observational tests are anticipated.

Domingos S. L. Soares

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

Photon Sciences | About Photon Sciences | Information for the General  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Photon Sciences About Photon Sciences The human eye can see only visible light. It comes in the form of different wavelengths. These wavelengths are what create the colors of the rainbow. Other wavelengths of lights are not visible to the human eye. Although, we cannot see them, these types of light are also used in our everyday life. For example, a TV remote control uses infrared light to adjust the volume or change the channel of the TV. Airport scanners use x-rays to scan luggage. Tanning lamps use ultraviolet light to tan the skin. Microwave ovens use microwaves to cook your food. A synchrotron is a huge machine that produces very bright light of many different wavelengths. The light is much brighter than that found in your TV remote, microwave oven, or dentist's x-ray machine because the

238

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

100 High Efficiency RangeOven: 500 Conveyor Oven: 500 Fryer: 500 Broiler: 100 Steam Cooker: 500 Vent Dampers for Boilers: 125 Custom: Two year buy down or 50% of...

239

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products Petroleum IndigenousOven Gas Coke Source Products Petroleum bm 3 bm 3 Mt Mtby Source (1980-2009) AAGR Mtce Coal Use Petroleum Natural

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Build a Pizza Box Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities Pizza Box Solar Oven Sundial Word Game Coloring Page Printable Version Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Illustration of a pizza box. The sun is hot enough to bake food....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Total U.S......................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.7 21.7 6.9 12.1 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven... 109.6 40.2 21.5 6.8 11.9 1......

242

GeoChips for Analysis of Microbial Functional Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cover slip from the heating oven and place on the 60 °C heatUsing the tips from the heating oven, add 17.5 µL of hot 3x

Van Nostrand, Joy D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Total Synthesis of Galbulimima Alkaloid (+/-) G. B. 13 and the Development of an Anomalous Heck Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area, and then heating it in a Kugelrohr oven were also metby heating the substrate neat in a Kugelrohr oven (Figureoven (b) furnace to vacuum liquid nitrogen cooled trap furnace heating

Larson, Kimberly Katherine

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uc/item/25x5j8w6 G. OVEN AND STOVE USED FOR HEATING G.1heating elements. Gas usage was more prevalent for cooktops than for ovens,

Less, Brennan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Selective extraction of copper, mercury, silver and palladium ions from water using hydrophobic ionic liquids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was activated by heating at 150 °C in a vacuum oven for 24by heating at 150 °C for 24 h in a vacuum oven. Then, 5 g of

Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Lee, Jong-Min; Salminen, Justin; Von Stosch, Moritz; Prausnitz, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

LIFETIME OF THE METASTABLE 23S1 STATE IN STORED Li+ IONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with an oven consisting of resistive heating elementsoven is lowered over the main chamber, which is resting on a Maronite base, and heatingand heating coil in order to minimize radiation losses to the walls. This oven,

Knight, R.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Japan's Long-term Energy Demand and Supply Scenario to 2050 - Estimation for the Potential of Massive CO2 Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial furnaces/processes (SCOPE 2 I next-generation coke ovens,industrial sector will repair and improve existing production processes and introduce next-generation coke ovens

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

default usage is 1 hour per day for both electric and gasOvenFuel Usage Range of possible Values Stoves Electric Gasusage week = hours of use per week for the oven 52 = weeks per year For electric

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for some fuels, such as coke oven gas and other gas, NBSby Fuel Fuel Type Raw Coal Cleaned Coal Washed Coal CokeCoke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking Products Crude Oil

Lu, Hongyou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ArcelorMittal Tubarão coke oven batteries,” La Revue deoperation with high PCI and low coke rate at Arcelor MittalPotentials for utilization of coke oven gas in integrated

Worrell, Ernst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the India Iron and Steel ISF Coke- Making a. b. c. d.and Stamp Charging). Maximum Recovery of Coke OvenGas Using Coke Oven Gas for achieving higher blast

Sathaye, Jayant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal, washed coal, briquettes) and derived fuels (coke,coke oven gas, and other coking products). Crude oilWashed Coal Mt Briquettes Mt Coke Mt Coke Oven Gas Billion m

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Design, Status, and First Operations of the Spallation Neutron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Oven Temperature Control • Stack Lamination Insulation – Wet Lay-Up – Dry • Core Cutting – Water Jet, EDM, Diamond Saw • Core Annealing ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

254

September.25October.01.2008 THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HOSPITAL UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS MEDICAL CENTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" KitchenAid gas stove, white, convection oven, $200. 816-560-7599. 2 NASCAR TICKETS, Sprint Cup Series

Albertini, David

255

Operational Efficiency Improvements Resulting from Monitoring and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In heat treatment facilities, the customer would find potential efficiency improvements on generators, radiant tubes, furnaces, ovens, heaters, and boilers

256

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Pharmaceutical Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with New Industrial Paint Drying and Baking Oven. Case studyovens, heaters, and heat exchangers. Target Group: Any industrial

Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with New Industrial Paint Drying and Baking Oven. Case studyovens, heaters, and heat exchangers. Target Group: Any industrial

Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Development of a Hydrothermal Method for Slurry Feedstock Preparation for Gasification Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial utilization of town gas and used for purpose of illumination in the nineteenth century. Coke ovens

He, Wei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Please cite this article in press as: D.J. Gillich, et al., Nano Today (2009), doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2009.04.004 ARTICLE IN PRESS+Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperature controllers (Oven Industries Model 5R7- 388) which were used to control the heating and cooling

Danon, Yaron

260

Exhibition Hall Floor Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 13, 2005 ... Industry. 645. FEI. Cytec. Industries. ENERGOPROM. MAS Inc. Parker ... STAS. Thermal. Ceramics. Thermcon. Ovens. Thorpe. Technologies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy and the Evolution of World-Systems: Fueling Power and Environmental Degradation, 1800-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial revolution was no different. The expanding use of coal to fuel steam engines and metallurgy ovens

Lawrence, Kirk Steven

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

machines and dryers, dishwashers, ovens, water heaters andlabeled clothes washers, dishwashers, air conditioners, andrefrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, gas

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

APPLICATION OF FAULT TREE ANALYSIS TO IGNITION OF FIRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

toaster Unknow~/".A food .. food Dishwasher . •dishwasher Other a~rliance Stove/oven/range .. wall Rc

Teresa Ling, W.C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

factors for production of coal products -- patent fuel, cokeoven coke,coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and briquettes (BKB) --

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Microwave sintering of multiple articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for producing articles of alumina and of alumina and silicon carbide in which the articles are sintered at high temperatures using microwave radiation. The articles are placed in a sintering container which is placed in a microwave cavity for heating. The rates at which heating and cooling take place is controlled.

Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM); Katz, Joel D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Microwave sintering of multiple aritcles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are apparatus and method for producing articles of alumina and of alumina and silicon carbide in which the articles are sintered at high temperatures using microwave radiation. The articles are placed in a sintering container which is placed in a microwave cavity for heating. The rates at which heating and cooling take place is controlled.

Blake, R.D.; Katz, J.D.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

267

Elsam Engineering A/S Our ref. HHA/AAH/AWK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been defined as hazardous waste. Actually, the oven slag is reused in the asphalt 5 industry the following removal scenario: Material Scenario Steel 90% recycling Cast iron 90% recycling Stainless steel 90-to-date and not to dispose of waste correctly. Oven slag is produced when manufacturing steel, and in the UMIP oven slag has

268

Brazing and Soldering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Comparison of the most common brazing and soldering process methods...brazing (a) Torch soldering (a) Gas furnace or oven (Gas) furnace brazing (Gas) oven soldering Heat of condensation Vapor-phase brazing Condensation soldering Exothermic reactions Combustion synthesis (a) Reaction soldering Electrical heat sources Furnace or oven (Electric) furnace brazing...

269

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,Oven fuel Climate zone Year house was built Number of stories HeatingHeating Energy. 36 3.3.5.3 User Inputs to the Dishwasher Models 37 3.3.6 Stove and Oven

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Kitchen Ranges and Ovens,oven only range only GDR all gas dryers Gas Dryer cycle data only Gas HeatingHeating Waterbed Heaters Automatic Drip Coffeemaker Crankcase Heater Iron Spa/Hot Tub Electric Blankets Toaster Hair Dryer Toaster Oven

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Microwave-driven ultraviolet light sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave-driven ultraviolet (UV) light source is provided. The light source comprises an over-moded microwave cavity having at least one discharge bulb disposed within the microwave cavity. At least one magnetron probe is coupled directly to the microwave cavity.

Manos, Dennis M. (Williamsburg, VA); Diggs, Jessie (Norfolk, VA); Ametepe, Joseph D. (Roanoke, VA)

2002-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Viewgraph from the Director  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Viewgraph from the Director Art Rosenfeld standing in front of a black board. Few benefits are provided by electric power plants, coal mines, oil pipelines, and other energy supply systems aside from the energy they produce. Technologies to improve energy end-use efficiency, however, offer numerous non-energy benefits. One class of such benefits accrues at the national level-improved competitiveness, energy security, net job creation, environmental protection-while another relates to consumer decision-making. From a consumer perspective, it is often the non-energy benefits that motivate (or can be used to promote) decisions to adopt energy-efficient technologies. A striking example is the rapid penetration of microwave ovens into the housing stock. While energy savings from microwave ovens can

273

Killing Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Killing Bacteria Killing Bacteria Name: alli Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What kills more bacteria for the recommended cooking time in a microwave and a conventional oven? Replies: I hope I understand your question. The time it takes to get your food done is sufficient to kill all bacteria--but not the spores of certain bacteria--both by microwave cooking and in a conventional oven. The spores are not a problem when the food is consumed directly but can be a health hazard when food is bottled and stored. See recommendations at http://www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/english/corpaffr/foodfacts/perfrine.shtml on Clostridium, one of the most dangerous causes of food poinsoning. Or visit the display on Food Safety in the Virtual Museum of Bacteria (www.bacteriamuseum.org) at www.bacteriamuseum.org/niches/foodsafety/foodsafety.shtml

274

Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Differential Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Laboratory Policy and Evaluation (LPE) LPE Home Staff M&O Contracts SC Laboratory Appraisal Process Laboratory Planning Process Work for Others in the Office of Science Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) DOE's Philosophy on LDRD Frequently Asked Questions Success Stories Brochures Additional Information LDRD Program Contacts Technology Transfer DOE National Laboratories Contact Information Laboratory Policy and Evaluation U.S. Department of Energy SC-32/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5447 F: (202) 586-3119 Success Stories Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

275

Gigatron microwave amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron tube for achieving high power at high frequency with high efficiency, including an input coupler, a ribbon-shaped electron beam and a traveling wave output coupler. The input coupler is a lumped constant resonant circuit that modulates a field emitter array cathode at microwave frequency. A bunched ribbon electron beam is emitted from the cathode in periodic bursts at the desired frequency. The beam has a ribbon configuration to eliminate limitations inherent in round beam devices. The traveling wave coupler efficiently extracts energy from the electron beam, and includes a waveguide with a slot therethrough for receiving the electron beam. The ribbon beam is tilted at an angle with respect to the traveling wave coupler so that the electron beam couples in-phase with the traveling wave in the waveguide. The traveling wave coupler thus extracts energy from the electron beam over the entire width of the beam.

McIntyre, Peter M. (611 Montclair, College Station, TX 77840)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Gigatron microwave amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron tube for achieving high power at high frequency with high efficiency is described, including an input coupler, a ribbon-shaped electron beam and a traveling wave output coupler. The input coupler is a lumped constant resonant circuit that modulates a field emitter array cathode at microwave frequency. A bunched ribbon electron beam is emitted from the cathode in periodic bursts at the desired frequency. The beam has a ribbon configuration to eliminate limitations inherent in round beam devices. The traveling wave coupler efficiently extracts energy from the electron beam, and includes a waveguide with a slot there through for receiving the electron beam. The ribbon beam is tilted at an angle with respect to the traveling wave coupler so that the electron beam couples in-phase with the traveling wave in the waveguide. The traveling wave coupler thus extracts energy from the electron beam over the entire width of the beam.

McIntyre, P.M.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

VALIDATION OF MICROWAVE HEATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF Salmonella spp. IN MICROWAVEABLE FOODS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microwave heating instructions for three products (chicken nuggets, turkey pot-pies and mashed potato) were developed and validated based on end point temperatures using two microwave… (more)

Valenzuela, Carol J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Study of federal microwave standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Present and future federal regulatory processes which may impact the permissible levels of microwave radiation emitted by the SPS Microwave Power Transmission (MPTS) were studied. An historical development of US occupational and public microwave standards includes an overview of Western and East European philosophies of environmental protection and neurophysiology which have led to the current widely differing maximum permissible exposure limits to microwaves. The possible convergence of microwave standards is characterized by a lowering of Western exposure levels while Eastern countries consider standard relaxation. A trend toward stricter controls on activities perceived as harmful to public health is under way as is interest in improving the federal regulatory process. Particularly relevant to SPS is the initiation of long-term, low-level microwave exposure programs. Coupled with new developments in instrumentation and dosimetry, the results from chronic exposure program and population exposure studies could be expected within the next five to ten years. Also discussed is the increasing public concern that rf energy is yet another hazardous environmental agent.

David, L.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, and Mechanical Work. ... of Bacterium against Microwave Power under Microwave Irradiated Cultivation.

280

Ignition methods and apparatus using microwave energy  

SciTech Connect

An ignition apparatus for a combustor includes a microwave energy source that emits microwave energy into the combustor at a frequency within a resonant response of the combustor, the combustor functioning as a resonant cavity for the microwave energy so that a plasma is produced that ignites a combustible mixture therein. The plasma preferably is a non-contact plasma produced in free space within the resonant cavity spaced away from with the cavity wall structure and spaced from the microwave emitter.

DeFreitas, Dennis Michael (Oxford, NY); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Microwave Augmented Fabrication and Evaluation of CNT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Biological Materials Science. Presentation Title, Microwave Augmented ...

282

Microwave treatment of vulcanized rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process and resulting product is provided in which a vulcanized solid particulate, such as vulcanized crumb rubber, has select chemical bonds broken by microwave radiation. The direct application of microwaves in combination with uniform heating of the crumb rubber renders the treated crumb rubber more suitable for use in new rubber formulations. As a result, larger particle sizes and/or loading levels of the treated crumb rubber can be used in new rubber mixtures to produce recycled composite products with good properties.

Wicks, George G. (Aiken, SC); Schulz, Rebecca L. (Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Folz, Diane C. (Gainesville, FL)

2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

283

RF & Microwave Systems Group The RF & Microwave Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Technology Transfer. Tagging, Tracking, and Locating Systems TTL technologies are on the verge and development (R&D) geared toward supplying robust communications for extreme environments; global tagging, tracking, and locating (TTL) systems; and RF- and microwave- based measurement and processing systems

284

Scanning tip microwave near field microscope  

SciTech Connect

A microwave near field microscope has a novel microwave probe structure wherein the probing field of evanescent radiation is emitted from a sharpened metal tip instead of an aperture or gap. This sharpened tip, which is electrically and mechanically connected to a central electrode, extends through and beyond an aperture in an endwall of a microwave resonating device such as a microwave cavity resonator or a microwave stripline resonator. Since the field intensity at the tip increases as the tip sharpens, the total energy which is radiated from the tip and absorbed by the sample increases as the tip sharpens. The result is improved spatial resolution without sacrificing sensitivity.

Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Schultz, Peter G. (Oakland, CA); Wei, Tao (Albany, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Microwave scattering from laser spark in air  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, microwave Mie scattering from a laser-induced plasma in atmospheric air is computed. It shows that the scattered microwave transitions from coherent Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering based on the relative transparency of the laser-induced plasma at the microwave frequency. The microwave penetration in the plasma alters from total transparency to partial shielding due to the sharp increase of the electron number density within the avalanche ionization phase. The transition from Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering is verified by both the temporal evolution of the scattered microwave and the homogeneity of polar scattering plots.

Sawyer, Jordan; Zhang Zhili [Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Shneider, Mikhail N. [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Controlled zone microwave plasma system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for initiating a process gas plasma. A conductive plate having a plurality of conductive fingers is positioned in a microwave applicator. An arc forms between the conductive fingers to initiate the formation of a plasma. A transport mechanism may convey process materials through the plasma. A spray port may be provided to expel processed materials.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morrell, Jonathan S. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

287

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Characteristics of a Typical Single-Family Home (1) Year Built | Building Equipment Fuel Age (5) Occupants 3 | Space Heating Natural Gas 12 Floorspace | Water Heating Natural Gas 8 Heated Floorspace (SF) 1,934 | Space Cooling 8 Cooled Floorspace (SF) 1,495 | Garage 2-Car | Stories 1 | Appliances Size Age (5) Foundation Concrete Slab | Refrigerator 19 Cubic Feet 8 Total Rooms (2) 6 | Clothes Dryer Bedrooms 3 | Clothes Washer Other Rooms 3 | Range/Oven Full Bathroom 2 | Microwave Oven Half Bathroom 0 | Dishwasher Windows | Color Televisions 3 Area (3) 222 | Ceiling Fans 3 Number (4) 15 | Computer 2 Type Double-Pane | Printer Insulation: Well or Adequate | Note(s): Source(s): 2-Door Top and Bottom Electric Top-Loading Electric 1) This is a weighted-average house that has combined characteristics of the Nation's stock homes. Although the population of homes with

288

EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Finding of No Significant Impact 2: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers) This chapter describes potential environmental effects that may result from amended energy conservation standards for residential cooking products and commercial clothes washers. The Department of Energy has determined that the proposed action is not a major federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation

289

From: J B Hoyt [mailto:J_B_Hoyt@whirlpool.com]  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

J B Hoyt [mailto:J_B_Hoyt@whirlpool.com] J B Hoyt [mailto:J_B_Hoyt@whirlpool.com] Sent: Wednesday, December 14, 2011 2:43 PM To: Armstrong, Ashley; Anderson, Wes Subject: Ex-Parte Meeting Summary To Whom It May Concern: On December 12, 2011 a meeting was held amongst Wes Anderson (DOE), Ashley Armstrong (DOE), and J.B. Hoyt (Whirlpool Corporation). The purpose was to discuss the definition of a built-in cooking product which includes one conventional radiant oven cavity and one microwave oven cavity, with both controlled by a single control panel. Hoyt provided photos of a representative model to clarify the configuration. The parties agreed that this product type does not directly fit into any existing definition. Anderson & Armstrong agreed to put forth a preliminary position prior to the comment deadline of

290

Development of Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source for Synthesis of Endohedral Metallofullerenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) has been constructed for synthesis of endohedral metallofullerenes. The main purpose of the ion source is to produce new biological and medical materials. The design is based on ECRIS for production of multicharged ion beams with a traditional minimum-B magnetic field. An 8-10 GHz traveling wave tube (TWT) amplifier and a 2.45 GHz magnetron have been applied as microwave sources. Fullerene and metal vapor are introduced with a filament heating micro-oven and an induction heating oven, respectively. In preliminary ion-extraction test, Ar{sup +} is 54 {mu}A. Many broken fullerenes such as C{sub 58} and C{sub 56} are observed in fullerene ion beams.

Tanaka, K. [Tateyama Machine Co., Ltd., 30 Shimonoban, Toyama, Toyama, 930-1305 (Japan); Bio-Nano Electronics Research centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-0815 (Japan); Muramatsu, M. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-0815 (Japan); National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Uchida, T.; Hanajiri, T.; Yoshida, Y. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-0815 (Japan); Biri, S. [Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen, Benter 18/c (Hungary); Asaji, T.; Shima, K. [Tateyama Machine Co., Ltd., 30 Shimonoban, Toyama, Toyama, 930-1305 (Japan); Kitagawa, A. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Kato, Y. [Division of Electrical Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

291

Intercalibrated Passive Microwave Rain Products from the Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA) simultaneously retrieves sea surface temperature, surface wind speed, columnar water vapor, columnar cloud water, and surface rain rate from a variety of passive microwave radiometers ...

K. A. Hilburn; F. J. Wentz

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

From Microwave Anisotropies to Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluctuations in the temperature of the cosmic microwave background have now been detected over a wide range of angular scales, and a consistent picture seems to be emerging. This article describes some of the implications for cosmology. Analysis of all the published detections suggests the existence of a peak on degree scales of height 2.4 to 10 (90%CL) relative to the amplitude of the power spectrum at large angular scales. This result confirms an early prediction, implies that the universe did in fact recombine, and limits theories of structure formation. Illustrative examples are provided of how the comparison of microwave background and large-scale structure data will be a potentially powerful means of answering fundamental questions about the universe.

Douglas Scott; Joe Silk; Martin White

1995-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

Hybrid Microwave Cavity Heat Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze the use of hybrid microwave cavities as quantum heat engines. A possible realization consists of two macroscopically separated quantum dot conductors coupled capacitively to the fundamental mode of a microwave cavity. We demonstrate that an electrical current can be induced in one conductor through cavity-mediated processes by heating up the other conductor. The heat engine can reach Carnot efficiency with optimal conversion of heat to work. When the system delivers the maximum power, the efficiency can be a large fraction of the Carnot efficiency. The heat engine functions even with moderate electronic relaxation and dephasing in the quantum dots. We provide detailed estimates for the electrical current and output power using realistic parameters.

Christian Bergenfeldt; Peter Samuelsson; Björn Sothmann; Christian Flindt; Markus Büttiker

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

294

Microwave-enhanced chemical processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for disposal of toxic wastes including chlorinated hydrocarbons, comprising, establishing a bed of non-metallic particulates having a high dielectric loss factor. Effecting intimate contact of the particulates and the toxic wastes at a temperature in excess of about 400.degree. C. in the presence of microwave radiation for a time sufficient to break the hydrocarbon chlorine bonds and provide detoxification values in excess of 80 and further detoxifying the bed followed by additional disposal of toxic wastes.

Varma, Ravi (Hinsdale, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Microwave assisted hard rock cutting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for the sequential fracturing and cutting of subsurface volume of hard rock (102) in the strata (101) of a mining environment (100) by subjecting the volume of rock to a beam (25) of microwave energy to fracture the subsurface volume of rock by differential expansion; and , then bringing the cutting edge (52) of a piece of conventional mining machinery (50) into contact with the fractured rock (102).

Lindroth, David P. (Apple Valley, MN); Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Blair, James R. (Inver Grove Heights, MN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Microwave Tokamak Experiment: Overview and status  

SciTech Connect

The Microwave Tokamak Experiment, now under construction at the Laboratory, will use microwave heating from a free-electron laser. The intense microwave pulses will be injected into the tokamak to realize several goals, including a demonstration of the effects of localized heat deposition within magnetically confined plasma, a better understanding of energy confinement in tokamaks, and use of the new free-electron laser technology for plasma heating. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Process for microwave sintering boron carbide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of microwave sintering boron carbide comprises leaching boron carbide powder with an aqueous solution of nitric acid to form a leached boron carbide powder. The leached boron carbide powder is coated with a glassy carbon precursor to form a coated boron carbide powder. The coated boron carbide powder is consolidated in an enclosure of boron nitride particles coated with a layer of glassy carbon within a container for microwave heating to form an enclosed coated boron carbide powder. The enclosed coated boron carbide powder is sintered within the container for microwave heating with microwave energy.

Holcombe, C.E.; Morrow, M.S.

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

298

Microwave Application to Environmental Problems : Model ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave Power under ... Sintering and Plastic Deformation of Ceramics under Pulsed Electric Current.

299

Application of Microwave Heating for Reduction of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave Power under ... Sintering and Plastic Deformation of Ceramics under Pulsed Electric Current.

300

Innovative Microwave Technology - Energy Innovation Portal  

Hadron Technologies, Inc. has signed an exclusive license for a Hybrid Microwave and Off-Gas Treatment System ... within the commercial and ... Buildi ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Microwave Spectra of Molecules of Astrophysical Interest. ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Microwave Spectra of Molecules of Astrophysical Interest. XXVI. Acetic Acid „CH3COOH… ... 100 3. Acetic Acid Spectral Tables. . . . . ...

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

302

NERSC Continues Tradition of Cosmic Microwave Background Data...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tradition of Cosmic Microwave Background Data Analysis with the Planck Cluster NERSC Continues Tradition of Cosmic Microwave Background Data Analysis with the Planck...

303

Near-Instantaneous Microwave Heating and Cooling for Microfluidic ...  

home \\ technologies \\ microwave heating of microfluidics. Technologies: Ready-to-Sign Licenses: Software: Patents: Near-Instantaneous Microwave Heating and Cooling ...

304

Method of sintering materials with microwave radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of sintering ceramic materials following: A compacted article comprising inorganic particles coated with carbon is provided, the carbon providing improved microwave coupling. The compacted article is then heated by microwave radiation to a temperature and for a period of time sufficient to sinter the compacted article.

Kimrey, Jr., Harold D. (Knoxville, TN); Holcombe, Jr., Cressie E. (Farragut, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Multi-wall carbon nanotubes in microwaves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electromagnetic (EM) response of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) prepared by chemical vapor decomposition (CVD) method has been analyzed in the microwave frequency range. EM absorption properties of MWCNT depend on their medium diameter related ... Keywords: carbon nanotube, coating, electromagnetic absorption, microwave

S. Moseenkov; V. Kuznetsov; A. Usoltseva; I. Mazov; A. Ischenko; T. Buryakov; O. Anikeeva; A. Romanenko; P. Kuzhir; D. Bychenok; K. Batrakov; S. Maksimenko

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Microwave-triggered laser switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-repetition rate switch is described for delivering short duration, high-powered electrical pulses from a pulsed-charged dc power supply. The present invention utilizes a microwave-generating device such as a magnetron that is capable of producing high-power pulses at high-pulse repetition rates and fast-pulse risetimes for long periods with high reliability. The rail-gap electrodes provide a large surface area that reduces induction effects and minimizes electrode erosion. Additionally, breakdown is initiated in a continuous geometric fashion that also increases operating lifetime of the device.

Piltch, M.S.

1982-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Microwave-enhanced chemical processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for the disposal of toxic wastes including chlorinated hydrocarbons, comprising, establishing a bed of non-metallic particulates having a high dielectric loss factor. Intimate contact of the particulates and the toxic wastes at a temperature in excess of about 400 C in the presence of microwave radiation for a time sufficient breaks the hydrocarbon chlorine bonds. Detoxification values in excess of 80 are provided and further detoxification of the bed is followed by additional disposal of toxic wastes. 1 figure.

Varma, R.

1990-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

308

Microwave-enhanced chemical processes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to a process for disposal of toxic wastes including chlorinated hydrocarbons, comprising, establishing a bed of non-metallic particulates having a high dielectric loss factor. Effecting intimate contact of the particulates and the toxic wastes at a temperature in excess of about 400{degree}C. In the presence of microwave radiation for a time sufficient to break the hydrocarbon chlorine bonds and provide detoxification values in excess of 80 and further detoxifying the bed followed by additional disposal of toxic wastes.

Varma, R.

1988-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Microwave-triggered laser switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-repetition rate switch for delivering short duration, high-power electrical pulses from a pulsed-charged dc power supply. The present invention utilizes a microwave-generating device such as a magnetron that is capable of producing high-power pulses at high-pulse repetition rates and fast-pulse risetimes for long periods with high reliability. The rail-gap electrodes provide a large surface area that reduces induction effects and minimizes electrode erosion. Additionally, breakdown is initiated in a continuous geometric fashion that also increases operating lifetime of the device.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Tandem microwave waste remediation and decontamination system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a tandem microwave system consisting of a primary chamber in which microwave energy is used for the controlled combustion of materials. A second chamber is used to further treat the off-gases from the primary chamber by passage through a susceptor matrix subjected to additional microwave energy. The direct microwave radiation and elevated temperatures provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the treated off gases. The tandem microwave system can be utilized for disinfecting wastes, sterilizing materials, and/or modifying the form of wastes to solidify organic or inorganic materials. The simple design allows on-site treatment of waste by small volume waste generators.

Wicks, George G. (North Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Schulz, Rebecca L. (Gainesville, FL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Microwave generated plasma light source apparatus  

SciTech Connect

A microwave generated plasma light source including a microwave generator, a microwave cavity having a light reflecting member forming at least a portion of the cavity, and a member transparent to light and opaque to microwaves disposed across an opening of the cavity opposite the feeding opening through which the microwave generator is coupled. An electrodeless discharge bulb is disposed at a position in the cavity such that the cavity operates as a resonant cavity at least when the bulb is emitting light. In the bulb is encapsulated at least one discharge light emissive substance. The bulb has a shape and is sufficiently small that the bulb acts substantially as a point light source.

Yoshizawa, K.; Ito, H.; Kodama, H.; Komura, H.; Minowa, Y.

1985-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

312

Microwave Emission at High Galactic Latitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the COBE Differential Microwave Radiometers (DMR) 4-year sky maps to model Galactic microwave emission at high latitudes (|b| > 20 deg). Cross-correlation of the DMR maps with Galactic template maps detects fluctuations in the high-latitude microwave sky brightness with the angular variation of the DIRBE far-infrared dust maps and a frequency dependence consistent with a superposition of dust and free-free emission. We find no significant correlations between the DMR maps and various synchrotron templates. On the largest angular scales (e.g., quadrupole), Galactic emission is comparable in amplitude to the anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The CMB quadrupole amplitude, after correction for Galactic emission, has amplitude $Q_{rms}$ = 10.7 uK with random uncertainty 3.6 uK and systematic uncertainty 7.1 uK from uncertainty in our knowledge of Galactic microwave emission.

A. Kogut; G. Hinshaw; A. J. Banday; C. L. Bennett; K. Gorski; G. F. Smoot; E. L. Wright

1996-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Microwave Thruster for Spacecraft Propulsion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes how a microwave thruster can be used for spacecraft propulsion. A microwave thruster is part of a larger class of electric propulsion devices that have higher specific impulse and lower thrust than conventional chemical rocket engines. Examples of electric propulsion devices are given in this presentation and it is shown how these devices have been used to accomplish two recent space missions. The microwave thruster is then described and it is explained how the thrust and specific impulse of the thruster can be measured. Calculations of the gas temperature and plasma properties in the microwave thruster are discussed. In addition a potential mission for the microwave thruster involving the orbit raising of a space station is explored.

Chiravalle, Vincent P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

314

Fossil fuel and hydrocarbon conversion using hydrogen-rich plasmas. Topical report February 1994--February 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments were made on use of H and CH plasmas for converting waste materials and heavy oils to H-rich transportation fuels. Batch and continuous experiments were conducted with an industrial microwave generator and a commercial microwave oven. A continuously circulating reactor was constructed for conducting experiments on flowing oils. Experiments on decomposition of scrap tires showed that microwave plasmas can be used to decompose scrap tires into potentially useful liquid products. In a batch experiment using a commercial microwave oven, about 20% of the tire was converted to liquid products in about 9 minutes. Methane was decomposed in a microwave plasma to yield a liquid products composed of various compound types; GC/MS analyses identified unsaturated compounds including benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, methyl and ethyl naphthalene, small amounts of larger aromatic rings, and olefinic compounds. Experiments on a crude oil in a continuously flowing reactor showed that distillate materials are produced using H and CH plasmas. Also, the recycle oils had an overall carbon aromaticity lower than that of starting feed material, indicating that some hydrogenation and methanation had taken place in the recycle oils.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Total U.S...........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

... ... 111.1 7.1 7.0 8.0 12.1 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven.............................................................. 109.6 7.1 6.9 7.8 11.7 1............................................................................. 103.3 6.5 6.6 7.4 11.2 2 or More................................................................ 6.2 0.6 Q 0.4 0.5 Do Not Use an Oven.................................................. 1.5 Q Q Q 0.4 Most-Used Oven Fuel Electric.................................................................... 67.9 2.3 6.5 4.9 4.9 Natural Gas............................................................ 36.4 4.2 Q 2.6 6.6 Propane/LPG.......................................................... 5.2 0.6 Q 0.4 Q Self-Cleaning Oven Use a Self-Cleaning Oven......................................

316

Total U.S.....................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.6 0.6 15.1 5.5 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven........................................................ 109.6 20.3 14.9 5.4 1....................................................................... 103.3 18.7 13.6 5.2 2 or More.......................................................... 6.2 1.6 1.4 0.2 Do Not Use an Oven............................................ 1.5 0.2 Q Q Most-Used Oven Fuel Electric.............................................................. 67.9 9.7 6.2 3.6 Natural Gas....................................................... 36.4 9.4 7.9 1.5 Propane/LPG.................................................... 5.2 1.2 0.9 0.3 Self-Cleaning Oven Use a Self-Cleaning Oven................................. 62.9 11.1 7.4 3.7 Continuous....................................................

317

Total U.S........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.6 20.6 25.6 40.7 24.2 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven............................................................ 109.6 20.3 25.3 40.2 23.7 1........................................................................... 103.3 18.7 24.0 38.2 22.4 2 or More.............................................................. 6.2 1.6 1.3 2.1 1.3 Do Not Use an Oven................................................ 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 Most-Used Oven Fuel Electric................................................................. 67.9 9.7 14.7 30.1 13.4 Natural Gas.......................................................... 36.4 9.4 9.6 8.1 9.2 Propane/LPG....................................................... 5.2 1.2 1.1 2.0 1.0 Self-Cleaning Oven Use a Self-Cleaning Oven....................................

318

Total U.S........................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.1 7.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven............................................................ 109.6 46.2 18.8 22.5 22.1 1........................................................................... 103.3 44.1 17.8 21.2 20.2 2 or More.............................................................. 6.2 2.1 1.0 1.3 1.9 Do Not Use an Oven................................................ 1.5 1.0 Q 0.2 Q Most-Used Oven Fuel Electric................................................................. 67.9 26.8 11.5 14.4 15.1 Natural Gas.......................................................... 36.4 19.2 6.9 7.6 2.7 Propane/LPG....................................................... 5.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 4.2 Self-Cleaning Oven Use a Self-Cleaning Oven....................................

319

Total U.S.....................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.2 4.2 7.6 16.6 Cooking Appliances Conventional Ovens Use an Oven........................................................ 109.6 23.7 7.5 16.2 1....................................................................... 103.3 22.4 6.8 15.6 2 or More.......................................................... 6.2 1.3 0.6 0.6 Do Not Use an Oven............................................ 1.5 0.5 Q 0.4 Most-Used Oven Fuel Electric.............................................................. 67.9 13.4 4.5 8.9 Natural Gas....................................................... 36.4 9.2 2.2 7.1 Propane/LPG.................................................... 5.2 1.0 0.7 0.3 Self-Cleaning Oven Use a Self-Cleaning Oven................................. 62.9 13.1 4.6 8.5 Continuous....................................................

320

Microwave combustion and sintering without isostatic pressure  

SciTech Connect

In recent years interest has grown rapidly in the application of microwave energy to the processing of ceramics, composites, polymers, and other materials. Advances in the understanding of microwave/materials interactions will facilitate the production of new ceramic materials with superior mechanical properties. One application of particular interest is the use of microwave energy for the mobilization of uranium for subsequent redeposition. Phase III (FY98) will focus on the microwave assisted chemical vapor infiltration tests for mobilization and redeposition of radioactive species in the mixed sludge waste. Uranium hexachloride and uranium (IV) borohydride are volatile compounds for which the chemical vapor infiltration procedure might be developed for the separation of uranium. Microwave heating characterized by an inverse temperature profile within a preformed ceramic matrix will be utilized for CVI using a carrier gas. Matrix deposition is expected to commence from the inside of the sample where the highest temperature is present. The preform matrix materials, which include aluminosilicate based ceramics and silicon carbide based ceramics, are all amenable to extreme volume reduction, densification, and vitrification. Important parameters of microwave sintering such as frequency, power requirement, soaking temperature, and holding time will be investigated to optimize process conditions for the volatilization of uranyl species using a reactive carrier gas in a microwave chamber.

Ebadian, M.A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS) Global Gridded Products Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS) Global Gridded Products Dataset Summary Description The SSM/I products are useful for evaluating the mean climate state, it's interannual and seasonal variations, and the detection of anomalies associated with ENSO and regional climatic variations. The Hydrology Team has assembled a time series of the entire SSM/I archive, now entering it's 16th year, which includes data from July 1987 to the present. Monthly average products are produced for precipitation, cloud liquid water, total precipitable water, snow cover, sea-ice cover, and oceanic surface wind speed.

322

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 3, Water heaters, pool heaters, direct heating equipment, and mobile home furnaces  

SciTech Connect

This is Volume 3 in a series of documents on energy efficiency of consumer products. This volume discusses energy efficiency of water heaters. Water heaters are defined by NAECA as products that utilize oil, gas, or electricity to heat potable water for use outside the heater upon demand. These are major appliances, which use a large portion (18% on average) of total energy consumed per household (1). They differ from most other appliances in that they are usually installed in obscure locations as part of the plumbing and are ignored until they fail. Residential water heaters are capable of heating water up to 180{degrees}F, although the setpoints are usually set lower.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Advances in Household Appliances- A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview of options and potential barriers and risks for reducing the energy consumption, peak demand, and emissions for seven key energy consuming residential products (refrigerator-freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, clothes dryers, electric ovens, gas ovens and microwave ovens) is presented. The paper primarily concentrates on the potential energy savings from the use of advanced technologies in appliances for the U.S. market. The significance and usefulness of each technology was evaluated in order to prioritize the R&D needs to improve energy efficiency of appliances in view of energy savings, cost, and complexity. The paper provides a snapshot of the future R&D needs for each of the technologies along with the associated barriers. Although significant energy savings may be achieved, one of the major barriers in most cases is high first cost. One way of addressing this issue and promoting the introduction of new technologies is to level the playing field for all manufacturers by establishing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) which are not cost prohibitive and promoting energy efficient products through incentives to both manufacturers and consumers.

Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Planar slot coupled microwave hybrid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A symmetrical 180.degree. microwave hybrid is constructed by opening a slot line in a ground plane below a conducting strip disposed on a dielectric substrate, creating a slot coupled conductor. Difference signals propagating on the slot coupled conductor are isolated on the slot line leaving sum signals to propagate on the microstrip. The difference signal is coupled from the slot line onto a second microstrip line for transmission to a desired location. The microstrip branches in a symmetrical fashion to provide the input/output ports of the 180.degree. hybrid. The symmetry of the device provides for balance and isolation between sum and difference signals, and provides an advantageous balance between the power handling capabilities and the bandwidth of the device.

Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Modulated microwave microscopy and probes used therewith  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A microwave microscope including a probe tip electrode vertically positionable over a sample and projecting downwardly from the end of a cantilever. A transmission line connecting the tip electrode to the electronic control system extends along the cantilever and is separated from a ground plane at the bottom of the cantilever by a dielectric layer. The probe tip may be vertically tapped near or at the sample surface at a low frequency and the microwave signal reflected from the tip/sample interaction is demodulated at the low frequency. Alternatively, a low-frequency electrical signal is also a non-linear electrical element associated with the probe tip to non-linearly interact with the applied microwave signal and the reflected non-linear microwave signal is detected at the low frequency. The non-linear element may be semiconductor junction formed near the apex of the probe tip or be an FET formed at the base of a semiconducting tip.

Lai, Keji; Kelly, Michael; Shen, Zhi-Xun

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

326

Beamfilling Errors in Passive Microwave Rainfall Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are currently large numbers of rainfall retrieval algorithms based upon passive microwave radiances. Most of these algorithms are physically based in that they use explicit physical assumptions to derive relationships between brightness ...

Christian Kummerow

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Satellite Microwave Surface Observations in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface estimates of local winds, waves, and rain-rate conditions are crucial to complement infrared/visible satellite images in estimating the strength of tropical cyclones (TCs). Satellite measurements at microwave frequencies are thus key ...

Yves Quilfen; Bertrand Chapron; Jean Tournadre

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Chemical vapor infiltration using microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a method for producing reinforced ceramic composite articles by means of chemical vapor infiltration and deposition in which an inverted temperature gradient is utilized. Microwave energy is the source of heat for the process.

Devlin, D.J.; Currier, R.P.; Laia, J.R.; Barbero, R.S.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

Detection of contraband using microwave radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and system for using microwave radiation to detect contraband hidden inside of a non-metallic container, such as a pneumatic vehicle tire. The method relies on the attenuation, retardation, time delay, or phase shift of microwave radiation as it passes through the container plus the contraband. The method is non-invasive, non-destructive, low power, and does not require physical contact with the container.

Toth, Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power (Gas) - Commercial and Industrial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater: 75 - 300 Furnaces: 250 - 400 Boilers: 150 - 400 Setback Thermostat: 25 - 50 Convection Oven: 100 High Efficiency...

331

Annual Energy Outlook 2007: With Projections to 2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

imports. 7 Marketed production (wet) minus extraction losses. 8 Synthetic natural gas, propane air, coke oven gas, refinery gas, biomass gas, air injected for Btu stabilization,...

332

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kerosene other kerosene shale oil gas/diesel oil residualshale other petroleum products (China 2008 weighted average) coke oven/gas

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

FRACTURE STIMULATION IN ENHANCED GEOTHERMAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

use cubes or fresh liquid) salt and pepper chives to garnish Method: 1. Pre-heat oven to 200 °c/ 400

Stanford University

334

Energy 101: Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our Energy Independence EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Energy 101: Energy...

335

Faces of the Recovery Act: Sun Catalytix | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape Energy Innovation Hubs Online Q&A Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our...

336

Monday, June 25th Tuesday, June 26th Wednesday, June ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 18:00 Bus from NCNR Bus from NCNR Bus from NCNR Bus from NCNR Summer School Banquet 6.30 pm Rustic Oven Trattoria Italiana Tour II ...

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

PML on Mars: Far-out Thermal Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... range from regulating commercial English muffin ovens here on Earth to monitoring ... The windings and electrical leads are enclosed in tubes of 99.8 ...

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

338

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cafe Thursday, Aug. 30 - Breakfast: sausage gravy omelet - Green pork chili - Surfside tuna melt - Mom's meat loaf - Smart cuisine: finger-lickin' oven-fried chicken - Crispy...

339

Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape Energy Innovation Hubs Online Q&A Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our...

340

Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program Formal Elimination...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

was conducted in April 1963 although no further tests were planned. The 1963 report indicates that the radiation measurement showed the AMCOT equipment and oven to be...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL TECHNICAL PAPER Internal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... when the SSD LWA was exposed to a salt solution of potassium nitrate (equilibrium relative ... prepared by first oven drying the LWA, cooling it to ...

342

AOCS Recommended Practice Ba 2b-82  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter (Vacuum Oven Method) AOCS Recommended Practice Ba 2b-82 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFINITION T

343

Fabrication of Bone Substitutes by Sponge Replica Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous BCP scaffold was fabricated by the sponge replica method using PU sponge. After 3 times of dip coating and the subsequent oven drying, burning out

344

Nanojoining II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2010... ignition mechanisms such as heating the mixture in inert ambient, by high temperature vacuum oven, by propane torch, and by Nd:YAG laser.

345

Improved mathematical model for sheet reheat phase in thermoforming process.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thermoforming is widely used industrial manufacturing process in which tub-shaped components are manufactured by heating a plastic sheet in the oven and formed to the… (more)

Khan, Sohail Akbar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Near Infrared Heating and Sintering; A Versatile Tool to Enable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single heating technique (near infrared (NIR)) can bring down oven residence times to seconds. Five examples in relation to HOPV production are: (1) TiO2 ...

347

Closed-Loop Control and FEM-Based Thermal Management on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... years as a novel and efficient substitute for oven curing of powder coating, characterized by its high curing speed, negligible heating effects on the substrate

348

Hidroxiapatita sintética nanoestruturada e esmalte dental aquecidos e irradiados por laser de Er, Cr: YSGG: caracterização por FTIR e por DRX.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study evaluate the physical changes and/or chemical that occurs in synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAP) and in enamel under action of thermal heating in oven or… (more)

José da Silva Rabelo Neto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: INDICATORS OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENCY PART ONE: THE DATA BASE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

because coal ovens are often used for kitchen heating; it isovens are kept and used part of the time (often for space heating

Schipper, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

JUMR II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Samples with 97% density sintered with a conventional oven yielded ... Initial investigations of heating of Mn-oxide rich cathodic material from a ...

351

Composites and Non-Traditional Methods for Advanced Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 30, 2013 ... The effects of high-strain rate plasticity, material cohesion and heat ... A single heating technique (near infrared (NIR)) can bring down oven ...

352

Field and Lab Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 26, 2009 ... dried overnight in a vacuum oven at 50 °C. The resulting films were ..... from Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research, IIT Madras. (No.

353

TMS 2011: Exhibitor Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have more than 15 years of industrial manufacturing experience in drying ovens, ball mills, lab furnaces, pellet presses and pressing dies. Our goal is to ...

354

General Issues in Microelectronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013... of Industrial Technology; 3Korea Institute of Industrial Technology; ... a reductive atmosphere (200°C, H2 / N2 atmosphere) in a reflow oven.

355

Exhibit Floor Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 20, 2008 ... Industries. Bloom. Engr. Murlin. Chemical. North ... Ovens BV. SMV AS. HRV. Engr. AUMUND ... Industries. Parker. Hannifin. KBM. Affilips BV.

356

Synthesis, characterization of Mannich base oligomers used with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

for industrial applications. [1–7]. In this context, Mannich bases are used as ... oven maintained at 160–170 °C temperature. Initially, normal contact pressure was ...

357

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ovens Commercial Office Computer monitors Copy machines Unitary air conditioners Water chillers Multi-split air condition (heat pump) unit Industrial

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

The Weatherization Training program at Pennsylvania College ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape Energy Innovation Hubs Online Q&A Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our...

359

A New Biofuels Technology Blooms in Iowa | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our Energy Independence EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Energy 101: Energy...

360

The Future of Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oven Cliff Joining the Obama Administration Energy Matters: Our Energy Independence EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Energy 101: Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radiation leaks; they waste energy and can be dangerous. Atduct work tight? leaks waste energy) Filters (clean; properone; it will only waste energy. Load ovens to capacity to

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Master Pages Final5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), within ±0.9 s of an astro- nomical time scale (UT1) based on the mean solar second, the ... Cesium Oven ...

2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

363

Primary Atomic Frequency Standards at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a set of four quartz oscillators calibrated against the mean solar second [4 ... The cesium oven, operated near 100 C, creates a vapor of atoms that are ...

2001-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

364

Time and Frequency: Measurements and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a TCXO (temperature controlled quartz oscillator), or an OCXO (oven controlled crystal ... was defined based on the length of the mean solar day. ...

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

365

INTERDIFFUSION IN THIN POLYMER FILMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... applications in emerging technologies such as solar cells, fuel cells etc. and their ... in a vacuum oven for a period of time and NR will be measured. ...

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

366

Time and Frequency: Measurements and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a TCXO (temperature controlled quartz oscillator), or an OCXO (oven controlled crystal ... was defined based on the length of the mean solar day and ...

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

367

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3.Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal...

368

Southwest Gas Corporation - Commercial High-Efficiency Equipment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

who purchase energy efficient natural gas equipment. Eligible equipment includes natural gas storage and tankless water heaters, boiler equipment, griddles, fryers, conveyor ovens,...

369

Electronics Come of Age: A Taxonomy for Miscellaneous and Low Power Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

professionals, e.g. “dishwasher” or “TV, CRT”. Product typeselectronic devices (e.g. dishwasher controls) unless it is aelectric Cooktop, gas Dishwasher Freezer Oven, electric

Nordman, Bruce; Sanchez, Marla C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

NIST Ytterbium Atomic Clocks Set Record for Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ytterbium atoms are generated in an oven (large metal cylinder on the left) and sent to a vacuum chamber in the center of the photo to be ...

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

371

Development of Exothermically Cast Single-Crystal MAR-M 247 and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AiResearch Manufacturing Co. of Arizona. A Division of The ... Elements such as Ni, Cr, Co, W, and .... mold preheat oven for exothermic ignition and firing.

372

AOCS Official Method Db 1-48  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter, Air Oven Method AOCS Official Method Db 1-48 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS ...

373

Impedance measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... no means of measuring or monitoring the oven's ... Services at ambient conditions outside these limits are ... Service for Voltage Transformers and High ...

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Risk Assessment Information System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

known carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are components of coal tar, soot, coke oven emissions and tobacco smoke. There is adequate evidence of its carcinogenic...

375

Hardfacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 9   Selection guide for hardfacing alloys...alloys High red hardness For hardfacing of coke oven parts as well as other

376

Key China Energy Statistics 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Works Gas Works - Coke input Briquettes Losses incoal, washed coal, briquettes) and derived fuels (coke,coke oven gas, and other coking products). Crude oil

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Characterizing Air Toxics Exposure and Risk and Evaluating EPA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This broader assessment considered 65 different air toxics including metals, PAHs, coke oven emissions, and diesel particulate matter (DPM). Source apportionment yielded...

378

Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coking represents a modern coke plant using standardto produce a ton of coke). The inclusion of parameterconversion of coal feedstock to coke and coke oven gas, for

Stadel, Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Modélisation thermomécanique d'un piédroit de four à coke.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Inscrite dans le cadre du projet européen Coke Oven Operating Limits, cette thèse porte sur la modélisation thermomécanique d'un piédroit de cokerie. Le piédroit est… (more)

Landreau, Matthieu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Databases and Tools | Waste and Cleanup Risk Assessment | OSWER...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chlorthiophos Chromium (III) (Insoluble Salts) Chromium VI (particulates) Cobalt Coke Oven Emissions Copper Copper Cyanide Cresol, m- Cresol, o- Cresol, p- Crotonaldehyde,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Constraining uncertainties about the sources and magnitude of ambient air exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): The state of Minnesota as a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industrial sources, such as coke-oven emissions, asphaltindustrial processes such as coke manufacturing and aluminumwood, wood waste, petroleum coke, or wastewater, sludge (

Lobscheid, Agnes B.; McKone, Thomas E.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Microwave emissions from police radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate police officers exposures to microwaves emitted by traffic radar units at the ocular and testicular level. Additionally, comparisons were made of the radar manufacturers published maximum power density specifications and actual measured power densities taken at the antenna face of those units. Four different speed enforcement agencies and one transportation research institute provided fifty four different radar units for evaluation. Of those units, nine dash mounted. five rear mounted, and three hand held models were included. During this study, only four of the 986 measurements taken exceeded the American National Standards Institute(ANSI) limit of 5 MW/CM2 , and none exceeded the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists(ACGIH), Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers(IEEE), or Occupational Safety and Health Administration(OSHA) standard of 10 MW/CM2 . None of the 812 measurements taken at the officers seated ocular and testicular positions exceeded .04 MW/CM2. In fact, the highest reading observed in the drivers' position was .034 MW/CM2 taken at the 5th percentile testicular level, less than 1% of the lowest current safety standard. Because of the confusion that exists in the medical and scientific communities concerning non-ionizing radiation, the extent of health risks associated with long term exposure to police radar is not yet known. Until science has indisputably proven that long term, low power exposure is not harmful, it is recommended that police departments take steps to limit officer exposure. There are several ways that police departments can limit exposure cheaply and with minimal effort. The purchasing department should first consider radar units with the lowest published maximum power densities. New hand held radar units should not be purchased because they leave open the opportunity for operators to place their bodies in the radar beam path. Purchasing units whose antennae mount outside the patrol vehicle will also lower exposure to microwaves. Finally, training that stresses the importance of using the radar units' stand-by mode when not actually monitoring traffic will further limit exposure.

Fink, John Michael

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

An Improved Microwave Radiative Transfer Model for Tropical Oceanic Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In preparation for the launch of TRMM, new algorithms must be created that take advantage of the combined data from radar and microwave radiometers that will be on board the satellite. A microwave radiative transfer algorithm with a one-...

Jeffrey R. Tesmer; Thomas T. Wilheit

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Statistical Modeling Approach to Passive Microwave Rainfall Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new empirical algorithm for retrieving rainfall rates from passive microwave (particularly Special Sensor Microwave/Imager) data is presented. Errors caused by spatial and temporal variation of surface temperature, emissivity, and atmospheric ...

Douglas M. Smith; Dominic R. Kniveton; Eric C. Barrett

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A Method for Combining Passive Microwave and Infrared Rainfall Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive microwave observations of rainfall offer the ability to obtain very accurate instantaneous estimates of rainfall. Because passive microwave instruments are confined to polar-orbiting satellites, however, such estimates must interpolate ...

Christian Kummerow; Louis Giglio

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Ice Water Path Estimation and Characterization Using Passive Microwave Radiometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave emission emerging from a precipitating cloud top and lying in a radiometer's field of view represents the culmination of a complex interaction between emitted microwave radiation and its ongoing extinction through overlapping regions of ...

J. Vivekanandan; J. Turk; V. N. Bringi

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A Passive Microwave Algorithm for Tropical Oceanic Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discusses a rainfall algorithm utilizing six channels of microwave radiance data from the Nimbus-7 Scanning Multifrequency Microwave Radiometer. The algorithm is intended for short-term climate studies over the ocean at low latitudes. ...

Barry B. Hinton; William S. Olson; David W. Martin; Brian Auvine

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Some Comments on Passive Microwave Measurement of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is argued that because microwave radiation interacts much more strongly with hydrometeors than with cloud particles, microwave measurements from space offer a significant chance of making global precipitation estimates. Over oceans, passive ...

Thomas T. Wilheit

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Passive-Microwave-Enhanced Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation and testing of an enhanced Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS) using new predictors derived from passive microwave imagery is presented. Passive microwave imagery is acquired for tropical cyclones in the ...

Thomas A. Jones; Daniel Cecil; Mark DeMaria

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

An Observationally Generated A Priori Database for Microwave Rainfall Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combination of active and passive microwave sensors on board the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite have been used to construct observationally constrained databases of precipitation profiles for use in passive microwave ...

Christian D. Kummerow; Sarah Ringerud; Jody Crook; David Randel; Wesley Berg

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Microwave Heating, Energy and Environment - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013 ... Microwave Reflection Loss of Ferric Oxide: Zhiwei Peng1; ... heat rapidly by microwave (MW) irradiation generating plasma during oxidation of surfaces. .... Co-Gasification Behavior of Metallurgical Coke with High and Low ...

392

Parametric Rainfall Retrieval Algorithms for Passive Microwave Radiometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology is described to construct fully parametric rainfall retrieval algorithms for a variety of passive microwave sensors that exist today and are planned for the future. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (...

Dong-Bin Shin; Christian Kummerow

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Microwave quantum logic spectroscopy and control of molecular ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general method for rotational microwave spectroscopy and control of polar molecular ions via direct microwave addressing is considered. Our method makes use of spatially varying ac Stark shifts, induced by far off-resonant, ...

Drewsen, M

394

Satellite Rainfall Estimation Using Combined Passive Microwave and Infrared Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a combined infrared and passive microwave satellite rainfall estimation technique is outlined. Infrared data from geostationary satellites are combined with polar-orbiting passive microwave estimates to provide 30-min rainfall ...

Chris Kidd; Dominic R. Kniveton; Martin C. Todd; Tim J. Bellerby

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Global estimation of precipitation using opaque microwave bands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the use of opaque microwave bands for global estimation of precipitation rate. An algorithm was developed for estimating instantaneous precipitation rate for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...

Chen, Frederick Wey-Min, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Processing and Performance of Materials using Microwaves, Electric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Rustum Roy Memorial Symposium: Processing and Performance of Materials using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, ...

397

Microwave Effect on Densification Kinetics during the Sintering of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Rustum Roy Memorial Symposium: Processing and Performance of Materials using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, ...

398

A Novel Microwave Assisted Phosphate Coating Process for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructural Characteristics of Nano Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride and Titanium Ions · Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Nano Hydroxyapatite ...

399

Microwave Brazing of Gas Turbine Components - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Microwave Brazing of Gas Turbine Components ... A Breakthrough Application of Electricity at High Temperature for Steel Production: Molten ...

400

An Explanation of Microwave Effects by Expansion of Transit State ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... State Theories with Disturbed Velocity Distributions by Microwave. Author(s), Motoyasu Sato, Jun Fukushima, kyouichiro Kashimura, Sadatugu Takayama.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Mechanism of Microwave Heating of Dielectric and Magnetic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Saccharification Process of Cellulosic Biomass by Microwave Irradiation · Novel Lamination Method for Large Armor Panels · Raman Spectroscopy for ...

402

Reduction Behavior of TiO 2 during Microwave Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Saccharification Process of Cellulosic Biomass by Microwave Irradiation · Novel Lamination Method for Large Armor Panels · Raman Spectroscopy for ...

403

Microwave Heating Of Copper Powders in a Single Mode Cavity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Saccharification Process of Cellulosic Biomass by Microwave Irradiation · Novel Lamination Method for Large Armor Panels · Raman Spectroscopy for ...

404

The Effect of Temperature on Dielectric Permitivity and Microwave ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dielectric property and microwave absorption property of anthracite were measured ... Effect of Continuous Cooling Rate on Microstructural Transformation of ...

405

Microwave off-gas treatment apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a microwave off-gas system in which microwave energy is used to treat gaseous waste. A treatment chamber is used to remediate off-gases from an emission source by passing the off-gases through a susceptor matrix, the matrix being exposed to microwave radiation. The microwave radiation and elevated temperatures within the combustion chamber provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the gas waste stream.

Schulz, Rebecca L. (Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Wicks, George G. (North Aiken, SC)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microwave accelerator E-beam pumped laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for pumping gaseous lasers by means of a microwave accelerator. The microwave accelerator produces a relativistic electron beam which is applied along the longitudinal axis of the laser through an electron beam window. The incident points of the electron beam on the electron beam window are varied by deflection coils to enhance the cooling characteristics of the foil. A thyratron is used to reliably modulate the microwave accelerator to produce electron beam pulses which excite the laser medium to produce laser pulse repetition frequencies not previously obtainable. An aerodynamic window is also disclosed which eliminates foil heating problems, as well as a magnetic bottle for reducing laser cavity length and pressures while maintaining efficient energy deposition.

Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Stein, William E. (Los Alamos, NM); Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Apparatus for microwave heat treatment of manufactured components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for heat treating manufactured components using microwave energy and microwave susceptor material. Heat treating medium such as eutectic salts may be employed. A fluidized bed introduces process gases which may include carburizing or nitriding gases. The process may be operated in a batch mode or continuous process mode. A microwave heating probe may be used to restart a frozen eutectic salt bath.

Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12, LLC (Oak Ridge, TN)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Methods for microwave heat treatment of manufactured components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for heat treating manufactured components using microwave energy and microwave susceptor material. Heat treating medium such as eutectic salts may be employed. A fluidized bed introduces process gases which may include carburizing or nitriding gases. The process may be operated in a batch mode or continuous process mode. A microwave heating probe may be used to restart a frozen eutectic salt bath.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN)

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

409

Bio-Nano ECRIS: An electron cyclotron resonance ion source for new materials production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed an electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) for new materials production on nanoscale. Our main target is the endohedral fullerenes, which have potential in medical care, biotechnology, and nanotechnology. In particular, iron-encapsulated fullerene can be applied as a contrast material for magnetic resonance imaging or microwave heat therapy. Thus, our new ECRIS is named the Bio-Nano ECRIS. In this article, the recent progress of the development of the Bio-Nano ECRIS is reported: (i) iron ion beam production using induction heating oven and (ii) optimization of singly charged C{sub 60} ion beam production.

Uchida, T. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100, Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Minezaki, H. [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, 2100, Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Tanaka, K.; Asaji, T. [Tateyama Machine Co., Ltd., 30 Shimonoban, Toyama, Toyama 930-1305 (Japan); Muramatsu, M.; Kitagawa, A. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Kato, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Biri, S. [Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen, Bem Ter 18/c (Hungary); Yoshida, Y. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100, Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, 2100, Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

NKG2D ligand tumor expression and association with clinical outcome in early breast cancer patients: an observational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Endogenous peroxidase was blocked in 0.3% hydrogen-peroxide methanol for 20 minutes. Heat- induced antigen retrieval for 10 minutes at maximum power in a microwave oven was performed. Sections were incubated overnight with primary antibodies using... :1687-1717. 3. Goldhirsch A, Wood WC, Gelber RD, Coates AS, Thurlimann B, Senn HJ: Progress and promise: highlights of the international expert consensus on the primary therapy of early breast cancer 2007. Ann Oncol 2007, 18:1133-1144. 4. Dunn GP, Old LJ...

de Kruijf, Esther M; Sajet, Anita; van Nes, Johanna GH; Putter, Hein; Smit, Vincent THBM; Eagle, Robert A; Jafferji, Insiya; Trowsdale, John; Liefers, Gerrit Jan; van de Velde, Cornelis JH; Kuppen, Peter JK

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

411

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

412

Microwave remote sensing of ionized air.  

SciTech Connect

We present observations of microwave scattering from ambient room air ionized with a negative ion generator. The frequency dependence of the radar cross section of ionized air was measured from 26.5 to 40 GHz (Ka-band) in a bistatic mode with an Agilent PNA-X series (model N5245A) vector network analyzer. A detailed calibration scheme is provided to minimize the effect of the stray background field and system frequency response on the target reflection. The feasibility of detecting the microwave reflection from ionized air portends many potential applications such as remote sensing of atmospheric ionization and remote detection of radioactive ionization of air.

Liao, S.; Gopalsami, N.; Heifetz, A.; Elmer, T.; Fiflis, P.; Koehl, E. R.; Chien, H. T.; Raptis, A. C. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Synthesis of ultrafine powders by microwave heating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of synthesizing ultrafine powders using microwaves is described. A water soluble material is dissolved in water and the resulting aqueous solution is exposed to microwaves until the water has dissolved. The resulting material is an ultrafine powder. This method can be used to make Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, NiO /plus/ Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and NiO as well as a number of other materials including GaBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub x/. 1 tab.

Meek, T.T.; Sheinberg, H.; Blake, R.D.

1987-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

414

Optimized ECR plasma apparatus with varied microwave window thickness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention describes a technique to control the radial profile of microwave power in an ECR plasma discharge. In order to provide for a uniform plasma density to a specimen, uniform energy absorption by the plasma is desired. By controlling the radial profile of the microwave power transmitted through the microwave window of a reactor, the profile of the transmitted energy to the plasma can be controlled in order to have uniform energy absorption by the plasma. An advantage of controlling the profile using the window transmission characteristics is that variations to the radial profile of microwave power can be made without changing the microwave coupler or reactor design. 9 figs.

Berry, L.A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

415

Optimized ECR plasma apparatus with varied microwave window thickness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention describes a technique to control the radial profile of microwave power in an ECR plasma discharge. In order to provide for a uniform plasma density to a specimen, uniform energy absorption by the plasma is desired. By controlling the radial profile of the microwave power transmitted through the microwave window of a reactor, the profile of the transmitted energy to the plasma can be controlled in order to have uniform energy absorption by the plasma. An advantage of controlling the profile using the window transmission characteristics is that variations to the radial profile of microwave power can be made without changing the microwave coupler or reactor design.

Berry, Lee A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

History of the Pulsed Power, Beams, and Microwaves Laboratory The Directed Energy Microwave Laboratory is a 4100 square foot facility located in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of the Pulsed Power, Beams, and Microwaves Laboratory The Directed Energy Microwave of the Directed Energy Microwave Laboratory is to: · educate MS and PhD scientists and engineers

Sen, Pradeep

417

Microwave instabilities in Booster and AGS  

SciTech Connect

Microwave instabilities is evaluated for the Booster and AGS for the preparation of the relativistic heavy ion collider. We found that the Booster may require feedback system for the transverse instability at the high intensity proton operation. The coherent instability is not important for the nominal RhIC operational intensity.

Lee, S.Y.; Zhao, X.F.

1987-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

Environmental assessment: South microwave communication facilities  

SciTech Connect

Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to construct, operate, and maintain eight microwave repeater stations in southwestern Colorado, southeastern Utah, and northern Arizona, in order to meet the minimum fade criteria established by the Western Systems Coordinating Council (WSCC) for the operation and protection of electric power systems. The proposed microwave facilities would increase the reliability of communication. This environmental assessment (EA) describes the existing environmental conditions and the impacts from construction of the eight microwave communication facilities. The EA was prepared in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, the Council on Environmental Quality Regulations (40 CFR 1500-1508), and the Department of Energy Guidelines (52 FR 47662, December 15, 1987). The proposed project would consist of constructing eight microwave facilities, each of which would include a self-supported lattice tower, an equipment building, a propane tank, distribution lines to provide electric power to the sites, and access roads to the sites. The facilities would be constructed in San Miguel and Montezuma Counties in Colorado, San Juan County, Utah, and Navajo, Apache, Coconino, and Yavapai Counties in Arizona. 20 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Interaction of high power microwave with plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental proposal to investigate the physics of interaction of extremely intense (eEem/m?c ? 1) microwave in an overdense plasma is discussed. The output from a VIRCATOR (2 -- 10 GHz, ? 1 -- 3 GW) based pulse (?30 ns) powered ...

V. P. Anitha; Amita Das; Y. C. Saxena; Anurag Shyam; P. K. Kaw

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Effects of Microwave Radiation on Oil Recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of oil recovery methods have been developed and applied to mature and depleted reservoirs in order to improve the efficiency. Microwave radiation oil recovery method is a relatively new method and has been of great interest in the recent years. Crude oil is typically co?mingled with suspended solids and water. To increase oil recovery

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Profiling Atmospheric Water Vapor by Microwave Radiometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-altitude microwave radiometric observations at frequencies near 92 and 183.3 GHz were used to study the potential of retrieving atmospheric water vapor profiles over both land and water. An algorithm based on an extended Kaiman-Bucy filter ...

J. R. Wang; J. L. King; T. T. Wilheit; G. Szejwach; L. H. Gesell; R. A. Nieman; D. S. Niver; B. M. Krupp; J. A. Gagliano

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Planar controlled zone microwave plasma system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for initiating a process gas plasma. A conductive plate having a plurality of conductive fingers is positioned in a microwave applicator. An arc forms between the conductive fingers to initiate the formation of a plasma. A transport mechanism may convey process materials through the plasma. A spray port may be provided to expel processed materials.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morrell, Jonathan S. (Knoxvlle, TN)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

423

11th North American Waste to Energy Conference Copyright 2003 by ASME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flue gas in an intensive contact with Ca(OH)z, open hearth furnace coke, water and recirculated, in the TURBOSORP® FGC process open-hearth oven coke (HOC) is injected in addition to the sorbent containing calcium during the operation of the pilot plant. As already mentioned above open-hearth oven coke is added

Columbia University

424

Elsam Engineering A/S Our ref. HHA/AWK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as hazardous waste. Actually, oven slag is recycled in the asphalt1 industry, and oven slag is not defined...................................................................21 7.2 Energy consumption and consumption of steel plates and stainless steel................................................................................21 7.2.3 Consumption of stainless steel

425

A simulated annealing approach with probability matrix for semiconductor dynamic scheduling problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic scheduling problem of semiconductor burn-in operations is studied in this paper. The burn-in oven is a batch-processing machine and the size of each job is independent of the oven's capacity. The processing time for each batch is represented ... Keywords: Deadlines, Heuristic, Simulated annealing, Total weighted completion time

Fuh-Der Chou; Hui-Mei Wang; Pei-Chann Chang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Investigation of in-situ low-temperature oxidation as a viable sand consolidation technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the most serious problems encountered in the petro- leum industry. Without proper measures to control a temperature- controlled oven. Valves and by-pass systems were provided to interchange the flow through into the core holders inside the oven. The confining pressure was then applied and maintained at a constant

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

427

48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit AIAA-2010-1340 4 -7 January 2010,Orlando, Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat ovens also use intense thermal energy to effect sterilization. However, steam is often preferred due to its higher heat capacity. Additionally dry heat ovens require operational times of 3-8 hours was applied. For a long time, ozone generation was the major industrial application utilizing DBDs

Roy, Subrata

428

POROSITY AND PERMEABILITY EVOLUTION ACCOMPANYING HOT FLUID INJECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Additionally, funding was provided by the SUPRI-A Industrial Affiliates and the President's Fund of Stanford to the setup used by Koh et al. (1996), but it allows for measurement of porosity by CT scanning. A Blue-M oven to the oven set- point temperature. System pressure is elevated by a back-pressure regulator and injection

429

Rolled Oats Do you like to save time,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in bowl and stir just to moisten. Spoon into 12 greased 2½-inch muffin cups. Bake in preheated 425 F oven and Applied Science, and U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Duane Hauck, director, Fargo, N-inch baking pan and melt in oven while preheating to 450 F. Put mix in bowl and add ½ cup water or just

Florida, University of

430

Apparatus and method for microwave processing of materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a variable frequency microwave heating apparatus designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency heating apparatus is used in the method of the present invention to monitor the resonant processing frequency within the furnace cavity depending upon the material, including the state thereof, from which the workpiece is fabricated. The variable frequency microwave heating apparatus includes a microwave signal generator and a high-power microwave amplifier or a microwave voltage-controlled oscillator. A power supply is provided for operation of the high-power microwave oscillator or microwave amplifier. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction and amplitude of signals incident upon and reflected from the microwave cavity. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load. 10 figs.

Johnson, A.C.; Lauf, R.J.; Bible, D.W.; Markunas, R.J.

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

431

Ohmic heated sheet for the Ca ion beam production  

SciTech Connect

The production of intense accelerated {sup 48}Ca ion beams is the key problem in the experiments on the synthesis of new superheavy nuclei. For this purpose in the FLNR (JINR), an electron cyclotron resonance ion source is used at the U-400 cyclotron. The combination of a micro oven with a hot tantalum sheet inside the discharge chamber allowed the production of the intense {sup 48}Ca{sup 5+} ion beam at the {sup 48}Ca consumption of about 0.5 mg/h. In this case, the tantalum sheet is heated by microwaves and plasma electrons. The microwave power of up to 500 W is required to heat the sheet to the temperature of about 500 deg. C. To decrease the required microwave power, a new sheet with a direct Ohmic heating was designed. The present paper describes the method, technique, and preliminary experimental results on the production of the Ca ion beam.

Efremov, A.; Bogomolov, S.; Kazarinov, N.; Kochagov, O.; Loginov, V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow 141980 (Russian Federation)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Ground-based Microwave Cloud Tomography  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Cloud Tomography Microwave Cloud Tomography Experiment, SGP, May 15-June 15, 2009 Lead Scientist Dong Huang, BNL Co-Investigators Al Gasiewski, UC Boulder Maria Cadeddu, ANL Warren Wiscombe, BNL Radiation Processes Working Group March 30, 2009 multiple radiometers All good cloud radiation modelers should close their airplane window shades so as not to be corrupted by the spectacle of real 3D clouds. - Roger Davies In case you forget to do this, you see 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 2 Effects of cloud structure on radiation 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 3 Typical climate model - Cloud fraction & mean water content - Horizontally uniform clouds, no side radiation - Assumption on overlap Courtesy of Bernhard Mayer Cloud structure important to radiation - Cumulus (Benner & Evans 2001, Pincus et al. 2005), deep convection (DiGiuseppe &

433

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oven Oven Showcase Project: Transport in Nano-structured Media J.M. Virgili; A. Panday; E.D. Gomez; N.S. Wanakule S.A. Mullin; N.P. Balsara & J.A. Pople Device: Oven Use: In-situ transmission SAXS studies of solid, fluid, gel, powder samples or colloidal suspensions in cells designed to provide good thermal contact with oven Capacity: Temp control: 25 °C < T < 450 °C ± 1 °C. Latest model 25 °C < T < 400 °C also has ability to allow in-situ titration Oven Cell Holders (right): assemble as three parts with windows & O-ring gaskets. Available in Al, Steel or PTFE (Teflon). Teflon cells have flow couplings for in-situ titration. Volume ~ 2.5 cc; Optical path length = 1 mm SAXS reveals that the macro-phase of copolymer displays

434

Process for treatment of residual gas  

SciTech Connect

A process is disclosed for the treatment of the residual gases which are produced when hydrogen sulfide is reduced, by combustion, to elementary sulfur by the Claus process. The residual gases are fed through a heated conduit and gas scrubber, wherein the temperature of those residual gases are maintained above the melting point of sulfur. A portion of the raw coke oven gas condensate is admitted to the gas scrubber to be returned to the coke oven battery main from the flushing liquid separator as flushing liquor. The residual gases are then conducted through the coke oven gas purification process equipment along with the raw coke oven gas where the residual gases are intermixed with the raw coke oven gas prior to tar separation.

Nolden, K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Applications for Microwave Generators in the Process Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microwaves find widespread use in radar applications, in telephonic communications, and in the generation of thermal energy for heating. It is this last use that is of interest here. The use of microwave generators to dry heat-sensitive materials and regenerate beds of solid adsorbents is currently being investigated at The University of Texas. This paper summarizes the first phase of this program, which involves microwave drying of various types of polymers. Future research goals and programs are also presented.

Humphrey, J. L.; Vasilakos, N. P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Variational Assimilation of Global Microwave Rainfall Retrievals: Physical and Dynamical Impact on GEOS Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global microwave rainfall retrievals from a five-satellite constellation, including the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Microwave Imager, Special Sensor Microwave Imager from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F13, F14, and F15, and ...

Xin Lin; Sara Q. Zhang; Arthur Y. Hou

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Spatial Variability of Summer Florida Precipitation and Its Impact on Microwave Radiometer Rainfall-Measurement Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional radar data for three summer Florida storm are used as input to a microwave radiative transfer model. The model simulates microwave brightness observations by a 19-GHz, nadir-pointing, satellite-borne microwave radiometer.

B. J. Turner; G. L. Austin

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Rainfall Estimation over Oceans from SMMR and SSM/I Microwave Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive microwave measurements made by the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) and the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) reveal information about rain and precipitation-sized ice in the field of view (FOV) of the instruments. ...

C. Prabhakara; G. Dalu; G. L. Liberti; J. J. Nucciarone; R. Suhasini

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A prototype system for measuring microwave frequency reflections from the breast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave imaging of the breast is of interest for monitoring breast health, and approaches to active microwave imaging include tomography and radar-based methods. While the literature contains a growing body of work related to microwave breast imaging, ...

J. Bourqui; J. M. Sill; E. C. Fear

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_microwaveoven.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-microwaves-japan Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Microwave Sintering of CaO Stabilized Nature Baddeleyite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave sintering could fast heating and sintering. ... Characterization of Burrows from Mining District of Pachuca - Real Del Monte, in Hidalgo State and ...

442

Low Cost Processing: Plasma, Microwave, Laser, Melting and Casting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Cost Affordable Titanium IV: Low Cost Processing: Plasma, ... obtained by using microwave energy as the consolidation method of Mg-Ti alloys.

443

Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Nano Hydroxyapatite from Avian ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Nano Hydroxyapatite from Avian Eggshell Biowaste for Tissue Engineering. Author(s), Kajal K Mallick.

444

Micro Microwave Does Pinpoint Cooking for Miniaturized Labs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and ... Based on classical theory of how microwave energy is absorbed ...

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

445

206 Preparation of Porous Mullite Composite by Microwave Sintering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the microwave sintering, an insulation structure based on hybrid heating mode was well designed with the wall of mullite and the aided heaters of SiC ...

446

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIRELESS MICROWAVE ACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CONDITION MONITORING IN POWER PLANT ENVIRONMENTS Project DE-FE0007379TDD NETL, Morgantown, WV, March 14, 2012. DOE NETL Program:...

447

System to Continuously Produce Carbon Fiber via Microwave-Assisted ...  

ORNL 2011-G00246/jcn UT-B ID 200501518 09.2011 System to Continuously Produce Carbon Fiber via Microwave-Assisted Plasma Processing Technology Summary

448

Microwave Brazing, An Energy Efficient Method for Joining ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, microwave brazing methods for joining ceramics to metals, with the ... Air Brazing of Nicrofer-6025HT to BSCF for Oxygen Separation Membranes.

449

Simple microwave field imaging technique using hot atomic vapor cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a simple technique for microwave field imaging using alkali atoms in a vapor cell. The microwave field to be measured drives Rabi oscillations on atomic hyperfine transitions, which are detected in a spatially resolved way using a laser beam and a CCD camera. Our vapor cell geometry enables single-shot recording of two-dimensional microwave field images with 350 {\\mu}m spatial resolution. Using microfabricated vapor cell arrays, a resolution of a few micrometers seems feasible. All vector components of the microwave magnetic field can be imaged. Our apparatus is simple and compact and does not require cryogenics or ultra-high vacuum.

Böhi, Pascal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Simple microwave field imaging technique using hot atomic vapor cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a simple technique for microwave field imaging using alkali atoms in a vapor cell. The microwave field to be measured drives Rabi oscillations on atomic hyperfine transitions, which are detected in a spatially resolved way using a laser beam and a camera. Our vapor cell geometry enables single-shot recording of two-dimensional microwave field images with 350 {\\mu}m spatial resolution. Using microfabricated vapor cell arrays, a resolution of a few micrometers seems feasible. All vector components of the microwave magnetic field can be imaged. Our apparatus is simple and compact and does not require cryogenics or ultra-high vacuum.

Pascal Böhi; Philipp Treutlein

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

NIST Prototype 'Optics Table on a Chip' Places Microwave ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... E. Zakka-Bajjani, F. Nguyen, M. Lee, LR Vale, RW Simmonds and J. Aumentado. Quantum superposition of a single microwave ...

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

452

Understanding Non-thermal Microwave Effects in Materials Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave Power under ... Sintering and Plastic Deformation of Ceramics under Pulsed Electric Current.

453

Exchange of Cs Ion in Clay Minerals by Microwave Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Difference between Life and Death of Bacterium against Microwave Power under ... Sintering and Plastic Deformation of Ceramics under Pulsed Electric Current.

454

Dramatic Structuring of Water using Polarized Microwave and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raman spectroscopy reveals that liquid water treated with 2.45 GHz polarized microwave and 13.56 MHz radiofrequency radiation undergoes dramatic ...

455

Determining Cloud Ice Water Path from High-Frequency Microwave...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Cloud Ice Water Path from High-Frequency Microwave Measurements G. Liu Department of Meteorology Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida Introduction A better...

456

A Continuous Flow Microwave Reactor for Organic Synthesis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microwave reactors are important tools in chemical synthesis, as they can lead to unprecedented reductions in reaction times and improved reaction yields. In order to… (more)

Sauks, Jennifer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Session Papers Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared Radiance Observations During the Pilot Radiation OBservation Experiment E. R. Westwater, Y. Han, J. H. Churnside, and J. B....

458

Posters Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared Radiance Observations During the Pilot Radiation OBservation Experiment E. R. Westwater, Y. Han, J. H. Churnside, and J. B....

459

Influence of Microwave Radiation on Phosphorus-removal Process ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave radiation on the ore fines was carried out using MW-HS ... A Pilot- plant Scale Test on DRI Preparation from High-alumina Limonite Ore by ...

460

System to continuously produce carbon fiber via microwave ...  

A system to continuously produce fully carbonized or graphitized carbon fibers using microwave-assisted plasma (MAP) processing comprises an elongated chamber in ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Using Microwave Radiation for Removing Heavy Metal Ions and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Using Microwave Radiation for Removing Heavy Metal Ions and Producing Biofuels. Author(s), Aharon Gedanken. On-Site Speaker (Planned ) ...

462

Synthesis of Divalent Sn Compounds under Microwave Non ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Hirotsugu Takizawa, Nozomi Sato, Jun Fukushima, Yamato Hayashi. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Hirotsugu Takizawa. Abstract Scope, Microwave ...

463

Microwave-assisted solvent extraction and gas chromatography ion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 17, 2006 ... sistent organochlorine pesticides (POPs) in marine sedi- ment was ... variables microwave power, extraction time and tempera- ture, amount of ...

464

Investigation on a Microwave High-Temperature Air Heat Exchanger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In present paper, an energy efficient air heat exchanger, based on accumulation of the heat generated by microwave absorbing materials is presented according  ...

465

2300 °C Ultra-high Temperature Microwave Assist Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design is based on a traditional graphite furnace with graphite insulation and heating elements. A microwave transition was specially designed to deliver the ...

466

Microwave heating for adsorbents regeneration and oil sands coke activation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microwave heating has unique advantages compared to convection-radiation heating methods including fast heating rate and selective heating of objects. This thesis studied two applications of… (more)

Chen, Heng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Microwave-Assisted Heterogeneous Catalytic Transesterification of Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel, as a renewable bioenergy, recently has been researched in regard to biodiesel products. In this study, soybean oil was converted to biodiesel with methanol using several heterogeneous catalysts, furthermore, the process by means of microwave ... Keywords: Biodiesel, Transesterification, Microwave, Heterogeneous

Ming-Chien Hsiao; Pei-Hung Liao; Hsiu-Ling Hsu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

GIMS-based method for vegetation microwave monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is threefold: (1) To present a working methodology for the combined use of modeling technology and microwave remote-sensing measurements in the assessment of attenuation of electromagnetic waves by the vegetation cover; (2) ... Keywords: GIMS, Microwave, Remote sensing, Vegetative cover

Vladimir F. Krapivin; Anatolij M. Shutko; Alexander A. Chukhlantsev; Sergei P. Golovachev; Gary W. Phillips

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Microwave measurement of water content in flowing crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A microwave method and a microwave device for measurement of water content in flowing crude oil are proposed. The method is based on measuring power of electromagnetic waves propagated through a transmission line and reflected from the load that is a ...

Yu. V. Makeev; A. P. Lifanov; A. S. Sovlukov

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Preliminary Design of an Industrial/Commercial Microwave Clothes Dryer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drying fabrics with microwave energy can reduce both the drying time and the drying temperature. This process provides a new level of fabric care to make all fabrics last longer and look better. The purpose of designing a 125-pound commercial/industrial microwave dryer was to perform cost exercises and calculate payback periods.

1997-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

471

Microwave sintering of sol-gel derived abrasive grain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for making microwave-sintered, free flowing alpha alumina-based ceramic abrasive grain, under conditions effective to couple microwaves with calcined alpha alumina-based abrasive gain precursor and sinter it at a temperature of at least about 1150.degree. C.

Plovnick, Ross (St. Louis Park, MN); Celikkaya, Ahmet (Woodbury, MN); Blake, Rodger D. (Tuscon, AZ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Microwave sintering of single plate-shaped articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for high temperature sintering of plate-shaped articles of alumina, magnesia, silica, yttria, zirconia, and mixtures thereof using microwave radiation. An article is placed within a sintering structure located within a sintering container which is placed in a microwave cavity for heating. The rates at which heating and cooling take place is controlled.

Katz, Joel D. (Los Alamos, NM); Blake, Rodger D. (Tucson, AZ)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Theoretical Overview of Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical basis for the prediction of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background is very well developed. Very low amplitude density and temperature perturbations produce small gravitational effects, leading to an anisotropy that is a combination of temperature fluctuations at the surface of last scattering and gravitational redshifts both at last scattering and along the path to the observer. All of the primary anisotropy can be handled by linear perturbation theory, which allows a very accurate calculation of the predicted anisotropy from different models of the Universe.

E. L. Wright

2003-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

474

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis The invention apparatus can also be used to monitor for the presence of halogens, sulfur and silicon. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis There has been invented a process for analyzing ambient air in a microwave induced plasma without use of an additional carrier gas. There has also been invented an apparatus for analyzing ambient air, other sample gas, or nebulized and desolvated liquids wherein a novel arrangement of plasma gas and sample gas conduits is used to enhance dependability of the plasma. This apparatus embodiment of the invention has a concentric arrangement of

475

Mobile system for microwave removal of concrete surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the microwave removal of contaminated concrete surfaces. The apparatus comprises a housing adapted to pass over a support surface. The housing includes a waveguide for directing microwave energy to the surface at an angle maximizing absorption of microwave energy by the surface. The apparatus is further provided with a source of microwave energy operably associated with the waveguide, wherein the microwave energy has a frequency of between about 10.6 GHz and about 24 GHz and acts to remove the uppermost layer from the surface. The apparatus further includes a debris containment assembly comprising a vacuum assembly operably associated with the housing. The vacuum assembly is adapted to remove debris from the area adjacent the surface. 7 figs.

White, T.L.; Bigelow, T.S.; Schaich, C.R.; Foster, D. Jr.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

476

Mobile system for microwave removal of concrete surfaces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the microwave removal of contaminated concrete surfaces. The apparatus comprises a housing adapted to pass over a support surface. The housing includes a waveguide for directing microwave energy to the surface at an angle maximizing absorption of microwave energy by the surface. The apparatus is further provided with a source of microwave energy operably associated with the waveguide, wherein the microwave energy has a frequency of between about 10.6 GHz and about 24 GHz and acts to remove the uppermost layer from the surface. The apparatus further includes a debris containment assembly comprising a vacuum assembly operably associated with the housing. The vacuum assembly is adapted to remove debris from the area adjacent the surface.

White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bigelow, Timothy S. (Knoxville, TN); Schaich, Charles R. (Lenoir City, TN); Foster, Jr., Don (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

ARM: Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals

Maria Cadeddu

478

Microwave processing improvements for methane conversion to ethylene  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project`s objective was to investigate microwave enhanced catalysis. Published work by others had demonstrated improved selectivity in microwave-driven catalytic conversion of 2-methylpentane to its isomers. We reproduced their experiment, discovering that there is no improvement in selectivity using microwaves. The selectivity at a given conversion was the same for both microwave heated and conventionally heated catalyst beds. Meetings with the authors of the previously published work led to the conjecture that their catalyst was not being prepared properly, leading to anomalously low selectivity for their conventional heating runs. An optical temperature diagnostic suitable for use on a microwave applicator was developed and characterized in this project. This pyrometer can measure the temperature of small scale features on the catalyst bed, and it has a fast response that can follow the rapid heating often encountered in a microwave processing system. The behavior of the microwave applicator system was studied, and theoretical models were developed to yield insight about the stability and control of the system.

Stringfield, R.; Ott, K.; Nelson, E.; Anderson, G.; Chen, Dye-Zone; Dyer, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Thomas, J. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Central symmetry and antisymmetry of the microwave background inhomogeneities on Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We performed a visual and numeric analysis of the deviation of the microwave background temperature on WMAP maps. We proved that the microwave background inhomogeneities possess the property of the central symmetry resulting from the two kinds of central symmetry of the opposite signs. After the computer modeling we have established the relation between the coefficient of the central symmetry and the values of the symmetrical and antisymmetrical components of the deviation of the temperature. The obtained distribution of the symmetry coefficient on the map of the celestial sphere in Mollweide projection testifies on a contribution of both kinds of central symmetry which is approximately equal on the average in absolute magnitude but opposite by sign and where one kind of the central symmetry prevails on some sections of the celestial sphere and another kind - on the others. The average resulting value of the symmetry coefficient on the sections with angular measures less than 15-200 varies within the range fr...

Kudriavtcev, Iurii

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Electron beam collector for a microwave power tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a cylindrical, electron beam collector that efficiently couples the microwave energy out of a high power microwave source while stopping the attendant electron beam. The interior end walls of the collector are a pair of facing parabolic mirrors and the microwave energy from an input horn is radiated between the two mirrors and reassembled at the entrance to the output waveguide where the transmitted mode is reconstructed. The mode transmission through the collector of the present invention has an efficiency of at least 94%.

Dandl, Raphael A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ovens microwave ovens" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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481

Compact microwave ion source for industrial applications  

SciTech Connect

A 2.45 GHz microwave ion source for ion implanters has many good properties for industrial application, such as easy maintenance and long lifetime, and it should be compact for budget and space. But, it has a dc current supply for the solenoid and a rf generator for plasma generation. Usually, they are located on high voltage platform because they are electrically connected with beam extraction power supply. Using permanent magnet solenoid and multi-layer dc break, high voltage deck and high voltage isolation transformer can be eliminated, and the dose rate on targets can be controlled by pulse duty control with semiconductor high voltage switch. Because the beam optics does not change, beam transfer components, such as focusing elements and beam shutter, can be eliminated. It has shown the good performances in budget and space for industrial applications of ion beams.

Cho, Yong-Sub; Kim, Dae-Il; Kim, Han-Sung; Seol, Kyung-Tae; Kwon, Hyeok-Jung; Hong, In-Seok [Proton Engineering Frontier Project, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Self-consistent microwave plasma heating rates  

SciTech Connect

Under conditions within a hot overdense plasma corona where the field frequency is much less than the electron plasma frequency and the field period is much less than the hydrodynamic expansion time it is shown that electron field reversal heating can exceed the combined classical heating rates due to inverse bremsstrahlung (skin effect) and field pressure (PdV) by a factor approximately v/ sub e//2v/sub i/ (half the ratio of electron and ion thermal velocities). In particular this rate can exceed the inertial expansion cooling rate at a collisionless corona density of approximately 1 percent solid core density and could be realized experimentally at core temperatures approximately 3--5 keV and microwave field intensities approximately 1 MG. (auth)

Ensley, D.L.; White, R.H.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Cokemaking sees environmental improvements  

SciTech Connect

The image of a coke plant created worldwide by many negative presentations in the media--above all in the US and in Europe--is the image of an industrial plant alleged to cause substantial burdens on the environment. This allegation is often substantiated by showing obsolete coke plants where little had been done regarding maintenance, upkeep and modernization. But this picture ignores the fact that over the past decades, emissions from coke plants have been successfully reduced to a fraction of previous levels by implementing state-of-the-art technologies. When reference is made to emissions from coke plants, the first emissions considered ar those occurring during coal charging, coke pushing and coke quenching. This is the reason why the prevention of gas or dust emissions during oven operation processes is an important focus in the design of coke oven service machines. If it is impossible to prevent emissions from escaping coke ovens, such emissions have to be captured and cleaned by specially developed facilities. The most important factor in achieving efficient environmental protection is to regard the oven machines as an integrated part of the coking process itself. Only a perfectly harmonized and optimized coke oven and oven machine technology will result in an emission-free charging of the oven chamber.

Stalherm, D.; Piduch, H.G.; Schuepphaus, K.; Worberg, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Energy News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 11, 2013 June 11, 2013 Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Energy Department Releases State by State "eGallon" Prices to Let Consumers Compare Cost of Fueling With Electricity vs. Gasoline June 6, 2013 Federal and Industry Partners Issue Challenge to Manufacturers Wanted: $100 wireless sub meter to help save energy costs in commercial and government buildings June 4, 2013 Energy Department Announces New Investments to Drive Cost-Competitive Next Generation Efficient Lighting American Innovation in New, More Efficient Lighting will Boost National Competitiveness in Manufacturing May 31, 2013 New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on Energy Bills U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for microwave

485

Microwave-Regenerated Diesel Exhaust Particulate Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of a microwave-regenerated particulate filter system has evolved from bench scale work to actual diesel engine experimentation. The filter system was initially evaluated on a stationary mounted 1.2-L diesel engine and was able to remove a significant amount of carbon particles from the exhaust. The ability of the microwave energy to regenerate or clean the filter was also demonstrated on this engine under idle conditions. Based on the 1.2-L experiments, improvements to the filter design and materials were implemented and the system was re-evaluated on a vehicle equipped with a 7.3-L diesel engine. The 7.3-L engine was selected to achieve heavy filter loading in a relatively short period of time. The purpose of these experiments was to evaluate filter-loading capacity, power requirements for regeneration, and filter regeneration efficiency. A more detailed evaluation of the filter was performed on a stationary mounted 1.9-L diesel engine. The effect of exhaust flow rate, loading, transients, and regeneration on filter efficiency was evaluated with this setup. In addition, gaseous exhaust emissions were investigated with and without an oxidation catalyst on the filter cartridge during loading and regeneration. (SAE Paper SAE-2001-01-0903 © 2001 SAE International. This paper is published on this website with permission from SAE International. As a user of this website, you are permitted to view this paper on-line, download this pdf file and print one copy of this paper at no cost for your use only. The downloaded pdf file and printout of this SAE paper may not be copied, distributed or forwarded to others or for the use of others.)

Nixdorf, Richard D. (Industrial Ceramic Solution, LLC); Green, Johney Boyd; Story, John M.; Wagner, Robert M. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

2001-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

486

L4, Ultrafast Microwave-Stimulated Sculpting and Thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of sulfur doped, Bi2Te3, Bi2Se3, and Sb2Te3 by microwave-stimulation. ... which acts as both a shape-mediating agent as well as for dopant delivery.

487

Analytical scanning evanescent microwave microscope and control stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scanning evanescent microwave microscope (SEMM) that uses near-field evanescent electromagnetic waves to probe sample properties is disclosed. The SEMM is capable of high resolution imaging and quantitative measurements of the electrical properties of the sample. The SEMM has the ability to map dielectric constant, loss tangent, conductivity, electrical impedance, and other electrical parameters of materials. Such properties are then used to provide distance control over a wide range, from to microns to nanometers, over dielectric and conductive samples for a scanned evanescent microwave probe, which enable quantitative non-contact and submicron spatial resolution topographic and electrical impedance profiling of dielectric, nonlinear dielectric and conductive materials. The invention also allows quantitative estimation of microwave impedance using signals obtained by the scanned evanescent microwave probe and quasistatic approximation modeling. The SEMM can be used to measure electrical properties of both dielectric and electrically conducting materials.

Xiang, Xiao-Dong; Gao, Chen; Duewer, Fred; Yang, Hai Tao; Lu, Yalin

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

488

Microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition of nano-composite...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plasma chemical vapor deposition of nano-composite CPt thin-films Title Microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition of nano-composite CPt thin-films Publication Type Journal...

489

Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapor Depositon of Nano-Structured...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plasma Chemical Vapor Depositon of Nano-Structured SnC Composite Thin-Film anodes for Li-ion Battteries Title Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapor Depositon of Nano-Structured SnC...

490

Heterogeneous breast phantom development for microwave imaging using regression models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As new algorithms for microwave imaging emerge, it is important to have standard accurate benchmarking tests. Currently, most researchers use homogeneous phantoms for testing new algorithms. These simple structures lack the heterogeneity of the dielectric ...

Camerin Hahn; Sima Noghanian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

High-precision optical and microwave signal synthesis and distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, techniques for high-precision synthesis of optical and microwave signals and their distribution to remote locations are presented. The first topic is ultrafast optical pulse synthesis by coherent superposition ...

Kim, Jung-Won, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Field Performance of a Spinning-Reflector Microwave Radiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the winter of 1986, two microwave radiometers were operated side by side at a high-altitude weather observation site in the central Sierra Nevada for the purpose of comparing measurements in a variety of ambient weather conditions. The ...

Belay B. Demoz; Arlen W. Huggins; Joseph A. Warburton; Richard L. Smith

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Frontal Rainfall Observation by a Commercial Microwave Communication Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach for reconstruction of rainfall spatial–temporal dynamics from a wireless microwave network is presented. It employs a stochastic space–time model based on a rainfall advection model, assimilated using a Kalman filter. The ...

Artem Zinevich; Hagit Messer; Pinhas Alpert

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Evaluation of Passive Microwave Precipitation Algorithms in Wintertime Midlatitude Situations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second intercomparison project of the Global Precipitation Climatology Project examined the estimation of midlatitude, cool-season precipitation. As part of that effort, the authors report here on the results of two microwave techniques the ...

Andrew J. Negri; Eric J. Nelkin; Robert F. Adler; George J. Huffman; Christian Kummerow

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Correcting Microwave Precipitation Retrievals for near-Surface Evaporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper compares two methods for correcting passive or active microwave surface precipitation estimates based on hydrometeors sensed aloft that may evaporate before landing. These corrections were derived using two years ...

Surussavadee, Chinnawat

496

Temperature Profiling with Neural Network Inversion of Microwave Radiometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network is used to obtain vertical profiles of temperature from microwave radiometer data. The overall rms error in the retrieved profiles of a test dataset was only about 8% worse than the overall error using an optimized statistical ...

James H. Churnside; Thomas A. Stermitz; Judith A. Schroeder

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

A Screening Methodology for Passive Microwave Precipitation Retrieval Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of any passive microwave precipitation retrieval algorithm relies on the proper identification of rain areas and the elimination of surface areas that produce a signature similar to that of precipitation. A discussion on the impact of ...

Ralph R. Ferraro; Eric A. Smith; Wesley Berg; George J. Huffman

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures as Proxies for Hailstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite has been used to infer distributions of intense thunderstorms. Besides the lightning measurements from TRMM, the radar reflectivities and passive microwave brightness temperatures have been ...

Daniel J. Cecil

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Quantifying Global Uncertainties in a Simple Microwave Rainfall Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While a large number of methods exist in the literature for retrieving rainfall from passive microwave brightness temperatures, little has been written about the quantitative assessment of the expected uncertainties in these rainfall products at ...

Christian Kummerow; Wesley Berg; Jody Thomas-Stahle; Hirohiko Masunaga

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Neural network microwave precipitation retrievals and modeling results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a simulation methodology used to develop and validate precipitation retrieval algorithms for current and future passive microwave sounders with emphasis on the NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational ...

Leslie, R. Vincent