National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for oven deck oven

  1. Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial ovens, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  2. Oven wall panel construction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ellison, Kenneth (20 Avondale Cres., Markham, CA); Whike, Alan S. (R.R. #1, Caledon East, both of Ontario, CA)

    1980-04-22

    An oven roof or wall is formed from modular panels, each of which comprises an inner fabric and an outer fabric. Each such fabric is formed with an angle iron framework and somewhat resilient tie-bars or welded at their ends to flanges of the angle irons to maintain the inner and outer frameworks in spaced disposition while minimizing heat transfer by conduction and permitting some degree of relative movement on expansion and contraction of the module components. Suitable thermal insulation is provided within the module. Panels or skins are secured to the fabric frameworks and each such skin is secured to a framework and projects laterally so as slidingly to overlie the adjacent frame member of an adjacent panel in turn to permit relative movement during expansion and contraction.

  3. Ovenized microelectromechanical system (MEMS) resonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kim, Bongsang

    2014-03-11

    An ovenized micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) resonator including: a substantially thermally isolated mechanical resonator cavity; a mechanical oscillator coupled to the mechanical resonator cavity; and a heating element formed on the mechanical resonator cavity.

  4. Solar Pizza Oven Box k - 6

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ready to Build? BUILD A PIZZA BOX SOLAR OVEN Background The sun is hot enough to bake food. Here's how to make a simple solar oven that gets hot enough to warm up cookies and other...

  5. Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access toOctoberConsumption (MillionOther EnergyTheOurM206 Mechanical

  6. Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and Updates the Social Cost of Carbon Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy...

  7. Coke oven gas injection to blast furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddalena, F.L.; Terza, R.R.; Sobek, T.F.; Myklebust, K.L. [U.S. Steel, Clairton, PA (United States)

    1995-12-01

    U.S. Steel has three major facilities remaining in Pennsylvania`s Mon Valley near Pittsburgh. The Clairton Coke Works operates 12 batteries which produce 4.7 million tons of coke annually. The Edgar Thomson Works in Braddock is a 2.7 million ton per year steel plant. Irvin Works in Dravosburg has a hot strip mill and a range of finishing facilities. The coke works produces 120 mmscfd of coke oven gas in excess of the battery heating requirements. This surplus gas is used primarily in steel re-heating furnaces and for boiler fuel to produce steam for plant use. In conjunction with blast furnace gas, it is also used for power generation of up to 90 MW. However, matching the consumption with the production of gas has proved to be difficult. Consequently, surplus gas has been flared at rates of up to 50 mmscfd, totaling 400 mmscf in several months. By 1993, several changes in key conditions provided the impetus to install equipment to inject coke oven gas into the blast furnaces. This paper describes the planning and implementation of a project to replace natural gas in the furnaces with coke oven gas. It involved replacement of 7 miles of pipeline between the coking plants and the blast furnaces, equipment capable of compressing coke oven gas from 10 to 50 psig, and installation of electrical and control systems to deliver gas as demanded.

  8. New process to avoid emissions: Constant pressure in coke ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giertz, J.; Huhn, F. [DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Pruefung mbH, Essen (Germany). Inst. for Cokemaking and Fuel Technology; Hofherr, K. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

    1995-12-01

    A chamber pressure regulation (PROven), especially effective in regard to emission control problems of coke ovens is introduced for the first time. Because of the partial vacuum in the collecting main system, it is possible to keep the oven`s raw gas pressure constant on a low level over the full coking time. The individual pressure control for each chamber is assured directly as a function of the oven pressure by an immersion system controlling the flow resistance of the collecting main valve. The latter is a fixed-position design (system name ``FixCup``). By doing away with the interdependence of collecting main pressure and chamber pressure, a parameter seen as a coking constant could not be made variable. This opens a new way to reduce coke oven emissions and simultaneously to prevent the ovens from damage caused by air ingress into the oven.

  9. Making a Solar Oven | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S.LeadershipLumiledsofEnergyProgressa Solar Oven Making a

  10. Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

    2012-02-15

    Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

  11. Prolongation technologies for campaign life of tall oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doko, Yoshiji; Saji, Takafumi; Kitayama, Yoshiteru; Yoshida, Shuhei [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Kashima, Ibaraki (Japan). Kashima Steel Works

    1997-12-31

    In Kashima Steel Works, 25-year-old 7-meter-high coke ovens have damage on their walls. However, by using new methods of internal in-situ investigation, ceramic welding for the extended central and upper portions of coke ovens has prolonged the campaign life for over 40 years without large-scale hot repair. In this paper, introduction of these new methods, its application in Kashima and the policy of repairing the tall coke oven are reported.

  12. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    today that the Energy Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for microwave ovens that will save consumers nearly 3 billion on their energy bills through 2030....

  13. Simulation of glass flow in an oven Seva Nefedov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    through the inlets, and inside they are heated by burners. The heating process and the stucture of the oven are designed in such a way, that the melt remains for a period of time in the tank. Several

  14. Pipeline charging of coke ovens with a preheated charge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpov, A.V.; Khadzhioglo, A.V.; Kuznichenko, V.M.

    1983-01-01

    Work to test a pipeline charging method was conducted at the Konetsk Coke Works (a PK-2K coke oven system with a single gas main, oven width 407 mm, height 4300 mm, effective column 20.0 cm/sub 3/). This method consists of transporting the heated coal charge to the ovens through a pipe by means of steam. the charge is transported by high pressure chamber groups, and loaded by means of systems equipped with devices for separation, withdrawal and treatment of the spent steam. The principal goal of the present investigation was to test technical advances in the emission-free charging of preheated charges. The problem was, first, to create a reliable technology for separation of the steam from the charge immediately before loading it into the oven and, second, to provide a total elimination of emissions, thereby protecting the environment against toxic substances.

  15. A container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Mills, J.E.

    1988-01-26

    The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed to top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation for reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achievable in the oven without the container.

  16. Operating and maintenance benefits of automated oven wall temperature measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leuchtmann, K.P. [Thyssen Still Otto Anlagentechnik GmbH, Bochum (Germany); Hinz, D.; Bergbau, D. [Ruhrkohle Bergbau AG, Bottrop (Germany). Prosper Coking Plant; Platts, M. [Thyssen Still Otto Technical Services, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    For a very long time and regardless of all shortcomings associated with it, the manual measurement of the heating flue temperature has been the only method of monitoring the temperature prevailing in a coke oven battery and discovering weak points in the heating system. In the course of the last few years a number of automated temperature measuring systems have been developed that are intended to replace or supplement the manual heating flue measurement system. These measuring systems and their advantages/disadvantages are briefly described in this paper. Additionally, operational experience gathered with the oven chamber wall temperature measuring system is discussed in detail.

  17. Reducing Energy Consumption on Process Ovens & Oxidation Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worachek, C.

    2002-01-01

    With the uncertain cost of energy, optimizing the use of air in process dryers, ovens and air pollution control systems is critical to your bottom line. The revived emphasis on air management through the entire process, from plant make-up air...

  18. New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev

    2009-07-15

    The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

  19. Tech. Note ARDB 231 A New Lithium Oven Plasma Source For E-157 Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Tech. Note ARDB 231 A New Lithium Oven Plasma Source For E-157 Plasma Wakefield Accelerator Experiments K. A. Marsh and Shuoqin Wang INTRODUCTION A new 1.4 meter long lithium oven has been built source, there are some new diagnostic features for the present oven. Internal thermocouple probes were

  20. Development of advanced technology of coke oven gas drainage treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higashi, Tadayuki; Yamaguchi, Akikazu; Ikai, Kyozou; Kamiyama, Hisarou; Muto, Hiroshi

    1996-12-31

    In April 1994, commercial-scale application of ozone oxidation to ammonia liquor (which is primarily the water condensing from coke oven gas) to reduce its chemical oxygen demand (COD) was started at the Nagoya Works of Nippon Steel Corporation. This paper deals with the results of technical studies on the optimization of process operating conditions and the enlargement of equipment size and the operating purification system.

  1. Automatic coke oven heating control system at Burns Harbor for normal and repair operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battle, E.T.; Chen, K.L. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., Burns Harbor, IN (United States); [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    An automatic heating control system for coke oven batteries was developed in 1985 for the Burns Harbor No. 1 battery and reported in the 1989 Ironmaking Conference Proceedings. The original system was designed to maintain a target coke temperature at a given production level under normal operating conditions. Since 1989, enhancements have been made to this control system so that it can also control the battery heating when the battery is under repair. The new control system has improved heating control capability because it adjusts the heat input to the battery in response to anticipated changes in the production schedule. During a recent repair of this 82 oven battery, the pushing schedule changed from 102 ovens/day to 88 ovens/day, then back to 102 ovens/day, then to 107 ovens/day. During this repair, the control system was able to maintain the coke temperature average standard deviation at 44 F, with a maximum 75 F.

  2. A coke oven model including thermal decomposition kinetics of tar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munekane, Fuminori; Yamaguchi, Yukio [Mitsubishi Chemical Corp., Yokohama (Japan); Tanioka, Seiichi [Mitsubishi Chemical Corp., Sakaide (Japan)

    1997-12-31

    A new one-dimensional coke oven model has been developed for simulating the amount and the characteristics of by-products such as tar and gas as well as coke. This model consists of both heat transfer and chemical kinetics including thermal decomposition of coal and tar. The chemical kinetics constants are obtained by estimation based on the results of experiments conducted to investigate the thermal decomposition of both coal and tar. The calculation results using the new model are in good agreement with experimental ones.

  3. Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartmentEnergy Air-CooledEnergy GasOvens

  4. The Videofil probe, a novel instrument to extend the coke oven service life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaillet, J.P.; Isler, D. [Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau, Forbach (France)

    1997-12-31

    To prolong the service life of coke oven batteries, the Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau developed the Videofil probe, a novel instrument to conduct diagnoses and to help repair operations of coke ovens. The Videofil probe is a flexible non-water-cooled endoscope which is used to locate flue wall damage and estimate its importance, to define the oven zones to repair and guide the repair work and to control the quality of the repair work and its durability.

  5. X-ray evaluation of coke-oven gas line deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swain, Y.T.

    1983-08-01

    Control of coke-oven gas pipeline deposits has been facilitated through the use of an X-ray technique that provides quantitative data without disrupting plant operations.

  6. Factors affecting coking pressures in tall coke ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimley, J.J.; Radley, C.E. [British Steel plc, Scunthorpe (United Kingdom). Scunthorpe Works

    1995-12-01

    The detrimental effects of excessive coking pressures, resulting in the permanent deformation of coke oven walls, have been recognized for many years. Considerable research has been undertaken worldwide in attempts to define the limits within which a plant may safely operate and to quantify the factors which influence these pressures. Few full scale techniques are available for assessing the potential of a coal blend for causing wall damage. Inference of dangerous swelling pressures may be made however by the measurement of the peak gas pressure which is generated as the plastic layers meet and coalesce at the center of the oven. This pressure is referred to in this report as the carbonizing pressure. At the Dawes Lane cokemaking plant of British Steel`s Scunthorpe Works, a large database has been compiled over several years from the regulator measurement of this pressure. This data has been statistically analyzed to provide a mathematical model for predicting the carbonizing pressure from the properties of the component coals, the results of this analysis are presented in this report.

  7. Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

    2000-01-01

    The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process...

  8. Modeling of Microwave Ovens with Perforated Metal Walls Erin M. Kiley and Vadim V. Yakovlev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakovlev, Vadim

    Modeling of Microwave Ovens with Perforated Metal Walls Erin M. Kiley and Vadim V. Yakovlev ovens with perforated regions of metal walls. The technique relies on replacement of perforated segments-parameters obtained by FDTD simulation of a perforated sheet in a waveguide. This approach is employed in FDTD

  9. Modelling of a coke oven heating wall M. Landreau, D. Isler, Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau (CPM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - 1 - Modelling of a coke oven heating wall M. Landreau, D. Isler, Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau with thermomechanical modelling of a coke oven heating wall. The objective is to define the safe limits of coke oven of walls, roof and larry car, pre-stresses (anchoring system), lateral pressure due to coal pushing A 3D

  10. Additional Steam Traps Increase Production of a Drum Oven at a Petroleum Jelly Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-03-01

    Additional steam traps were installed on the drum oven at a petroleum jelly production facility at an ExxonMobil plant in Nigeria. The installation improved heat transfer and saved energy.

  11. Heating control methodology in coke oven battery at Rourkela Steel Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandyopadhyay, S.S.; Parthasarathy, L.; Gupta, A.; Bose, P.R.; Mishra, U.

    1996-12-31

    A methodology of heating control was evolved incorporating temperature data generated through infra-red sensor at quenching station and thermocouples specially installed in the gooseneck of coke oven battery No. 3 of RSP. Average temperature of the red-hot coke as pushed helps in diagnosis of the abnormal ovens and in setting the targeted battery temperature. A concept of coke readiness factor (Q) was introduced which on optimization resulted in lowering the specific heat consumption by 30 KCal/Kg.

  12. Development of automatic operation system for coke oven machines at Yawata Works of Nippon Steel Corporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsunaga, Masao; Uematsu, Hiroshi; Nakagawa, Yoji; Ishiharaguchi, Yuji

    1995-12-01

    The coke plant is a working environment involving heavy dust emissions, high heat and demanding physical labor. The labor-saving operation of the coke plant is an essential issue from the standpoints of not only improvement in working environment, but also reduction in fixed cost by enhancement of labor productivity. Under these circumstances, Nippon Steel has implemented the automation of coke oven machines. The first automatic operation system for coke oven machinery entered service at Oita Works in 1992, followed by the second system at the No. 5 coke oven battery of the coke plant at Yawata Works. The Yawata automatic operation system is characterized by the installation of coke oven machinery to push as many as 140 ovens per day within a short cycle time, such as a preliminary ascension pipe cap opening car and cycle time simulator by the manned operation of the pusher, which is advantageous from the standpoint of investment efficiency, and by the monitoring of other oven machines by the pusher. These measures helped to reduce the manpower requirement to 2 persons per shift from 4 persons per shift. The system entered commercial operation in March, 1994 and has been smoothly working with an average total automatic rate of 97%. Results from the startup to recent operation of the system are reported below.

  13. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Volume 1, Public design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-24

    This Public Design Report provides, in a single document, available nonproprietary design -information for the ``Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications`` Demonstration Project at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Sparrows Point, Maryland coke oven by-product facilities. This project demonstrates, for the first time in the United States, the feasibility of integrating four commercially available technologies (processes) for cleaning coke oven gas. The four technologies are: Secondary Gas Cooling, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Removal, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Recovery, and Ammonia Destruction and Sulfur Recovery. In addition to the design aspects, the history of the project and the role of the US Department of,Energy are briefly discussed. Actual plant capital and projected operating costs are also presented. An overview of the integration (retrofit) of the processes into the existing plant is presented and is followed by detailed non-proprietary descriptions of the four technologies and their overall effect on reducing the emissions of ammonia, sulfur, and other pollutants from coke oven gas. Narrative process descriptions, simplified process flow diagrams, input/output stream data, operating conditions, catalyst and chemical requirements, and utility requirements are given for each unit. Plant startup provisions, environmental considerations and control monitoring, and safety considerations are also addressed for each process.

  14. Mathematical modeling of clearance between wall of coke oven and coke cake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nushiro, K.; Matsui, T.; Hanaoka, K.; Igawa, K.; Sorimachi, K.

    1995-12-01

    A mathematical model was developed for estimating the clearance between the wall of the coke oven and the coke cake. The prediction model is based on the balance between the contractile force and the coking pressure. A clearance forms when the contractile force exceeds the coking pressure in this model. The contractile force is calculated in consideration of the visco-elastic behavior of the thermal shrinkage of the coke. The coking pressure is calculated considering the generation and dispersion of gas in the melting layer. The relaxation time off coke used in this model was obtained with a dilatometer under the load application. The clearance was measured by the laser sensor, and the internal gas pressure was measured in a test oven. The clearance calculated during the coking process were in good agreement with the experimental results, which supported the validity of the mathematical model.

  15. Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company`s non-recovery ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, C.E.; Pruitt, C.W.

    1995-12-01

    Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company over the past five years includes safety and environmental concerns, product quality, equipment availability, manpower utilization, and productivity. These improvements with Jewell`s unique process has allowed Jewell Coal and Coke Company to be a consistent, high quality coke producer. The paper briefly explains Jewell`s unique ovens, their operating mode, improved process control, their maintenance management program, and their increase in productivity.

  16. Final environmental information volume for the coke oven gas cleaning project at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Sparrows Point Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-04-24

    Bethelehem Steel Corporation (BSC) is planning to conduct a demonstration project involving an integrated system that can be retrofitted into coke oven gas handling systems to address a variety of environmental and operational factors in a more cost-effective manner. Successful application of this technology to existing US coke plants could: (1) reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, cyanide, and volatile organic compounds (including benzene) (2) reduce the cost and handling of processing feed chemicals, (3) disposal costs of nuisance by-products and (4) increase reliability and reduce operation/maintenance requirements for coke oven gas desulfurization systems. The proposed system will remove sulfur from the coke oven gas in the form of hydrogen sulfide using the ammonia indigenous to the gas as the primary reactive chemical. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide are also removed in this process. The hydrogen sulfide removed from the coke oven gas in routed to a modified Claus plant for conversion to a saleable sulfur by-product. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide will be catalytically converted to hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. The tail gas from the sulfur recovery unit is recycled to the coke oven gas stream, upstream of the new gas cleaning system. The proposed demonstration project will be installed at the existing coke oven facilities at BSC's Sparrows Point Plant. This volume describes the proposed actions and the resulting environmental impacts. 21 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

  17. Army Ovens 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Tortilla chips were prepared from commercial nixtamalized dry masa flour. They were baked, sun dried and then fried in fresh soybean oil. Control chips were not sun-dried before frying. A commercial batch fryer was used. The effect of solar drying...

  18. Coke oven gas treatment and by-product plant of Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egorov, V.N.; Anikin, G.J. [Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works, (Russian Federation); Gross, M. [Krupp Koppers GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    1995-12-01

    Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works, Russia, decided to erect a new coke oven gas treatment and by-product plant to replace the existing obsolete units and to improve the environmental conditions of the area. The paper deals with the technological concept and the design requirements. Commissioning is scheduled at the beginning of 1996. The paper describes H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} removal, sulfur recovery and ammonia destruction, primary gas cooling and electrostatic tar precipitation, and the distributed control system that will be installed.

  19. Demonstration of a fuel-saving system for paint-curing ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, W P

    1980-12-01

    Two curing ovens at Roll Coater, Inc. (the Greenfield, Indiana plant) were retrofitted to save fuel and cost. Included in the fuel conserving retrofit was the design, fabrication, and installation of an afterburner for each of the two ovens, piping their combustion products to each of two commonly housed waste heat boilers before discharge from those units to the atmosphere at about 450 F. Depending on the product being run and the coating applied, natural gas requirements have been reduced by 45 to 65% with operation of the zone incinerators only and by as much as 65 to 85% including the effects of both the zone incineration and heat recovery by means of the afterburners and waste heat boilers. A demonstration program on conversion work at the No. 3 line at Greenfield and results are described in Section 2. Section 3 describes the retrofit design and the system construction. System performance (tests and measurements, qualitative performance, maintenance factors, and economic performance) is described in Section 4. Conclusions and recommendations are summarized.

  20. A mathematical model for the estimation of flue temperature in a coke oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, K.I.; Kim, S.Y.; Suo, J.S.; Hur, N.S.; Kang, I.S.; Lee, W.J.

    1997-12-31

    The coke plants at the Kwangyang works has adopted an Automatic Battery Control (ABC) system which consists of four main parts, battery heating control, underfiring heat and waste gas oxygen control, pushing and charging schedule and Autotherm-S that measures heating wall temperature during pushing. The measured heating wall temperature is used for calculating Mean Battery Temperature (MBT) which is average temperature of flues for a battery, but the Autotherm-S system can not provide the flue temperatures of an oven. This work attempted to develop mathematical models for the estimation of the flue temperature using the measured heating wall temperature and to examine fitness of the mathematical model for the coke plant operation by analysis of raw gas temperature at the stand pipe. Through this work it is possible to reflect heating wall temperature in calculating MBT for battery heating control without the interruption caused by a maintenance break.

  1. Mineralization of Carbon and Nitrogen from Freeze-and Oven-Dried Plant Material Added to Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Mineralization of Carbon and Nitrogen from Freeze- and Oven-Dried Plant Material Added to Soil K. K is a common procedure used in mineralization or decompositionstudies. A lab- oratory study was conducted the mineral content of the plant material compared to freeze drying. The total C and N was not significantly

  2. Fig 1. First rotation biomass yield [Mg (oven dry) ha-1 ] of top 5 clones with biomass crop yield trials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Fig 1. First rotation biomass yield [Mg (oven dry) ha-1 yr-1 ] of top 5 clones with biomass crop about growing SRWCs for bioenergy is that SRWCs may not produce sufficient biomass as a feasible (Fig 1) is well below the required amount of biomass necessary to sustain feasibility of bioenergy

  3. "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994. pp. 240-247. 1 DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION: SOLAR OVEN USE of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking

  4. Trials and Tribulations of Ancient Starch Research: An Investigation of Contamination and Earth Ovens at Fort Hood, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurence, Andrew

    2013-04-26

    to conserve fuel while allowing prolonged baking and boiling that renders some foods, including geophytes with complex carbohydrates (such as starch and inulin) and animal fat more readily digestible (Brace 1967, 1980, 2005; Brace et al. 2008; Gott et al... for discussion of earth oven use and animal tissues). Many plants contain lipids and complex carbohydrates, in the form of inulin and/or starch, that cannot be processed by the human body in their natural state and therefore require chemical modifications...

  5. Experience and results of new heating control system of coke oven batteries at Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanljung, J.; Palmu, P. [Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel (Finland)

    1997-12-31

    The latest development and results of the heating control system at Raahe Steel are presented in this paper. From the beginning of coke production in Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel (October 1987) the heating control systems have been developed. During the first stage of development work at the coking plant (from year 1987 to 1992), when only the first coke oven battery consisting of 35 ovens was in production, the main progress was in the field of process monitoring. After commissioning of the second stage of the coking plant (November 1992), the development of the new heating control model was started. Target of the project was to develop a dynamic control system which guides the heating of batteries through the various process conditions. Development work took three years and the heating control system was commissioned in the year 1995. Principle of the second generation system is an energy balance calculation, coke end temperature determination and dynamic oven scheduling system. The control is based on simultaneous feedforward and feedback control. The fuzzy logic components were added after about one year experience.

  6. Measure the uv profiles along the actual oven location, and evaluate the uv fluence over an area comparable to c/p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goal: Measure the uv profiles along the actual oven location, and evaluate the uv fluence over to be measured and optimized if there is any clipping of the uv beam. - The local fluence needs to be measuredNe laser beam onto which the uv has been aligned "by eye", as in the real experiment, 2) an image of the uv

  7. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers relative to job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo Chen; Yunping Hu; Lixing Zheng; Qiangyi Wang; Yuanfen Zhou; Taiyi Jin [Fudan University, Shanghai (China). School of Public Health

    2007-09-15

    1-Hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of recent exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated whether urinary 1-OHP concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers (COWs) are modulated by job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking. The present cross-sectional study measured urinary 1-OHP concentrations in 197 COWs from Coking plant I and 250 COWs from Coking plant II, as well as 220 unexposed referents from Control plant I and 56 referents from Control plant II. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations (geometric mean, {mu}mol/mol creatinine) were 5.18 and 4.21 in workers from Coking plants I and II, respectively. The highest 1-OHP levels in urine were found among topside workers including lidmen, tar chasers, and whistlers. Benchmen had higher 1-OHP levels than other workers at the sideoven. Above 75% of the COWs exceeded the recommended occupational exposure limit of 2.3 {mu}mol/mol creatinine. Respirator usage and increased body mass index (BMI) slightly reduced 1-OHP levels in COWs. Cigarette smoking significantly increased urinary 1-OHP levels in unexposed referents but had no effect in COWs. Chinese COWs, especially topside workers and benchmen, are exposed to high levels of PAHs. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations appear to be modulated by respirator usage and BMI in COWs, as well as by smoking in unexposed referents.

  8. Coke oven air and water pollution. 1970-June, 1981 (citations from the Engineering Index Data Base). Report for 1970-Jun 81

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-01

    Monitoring, sampling, analyzing, transport properties, and control of emissions and effluents are cited in this compilation from worldwide journals. Pollutants described are sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, phenols, benzopyrene, particulates and other trace elements and compounds. Process and equipment modifications, such as pipeline charging, wet and dry quenching, retrofitting, and oven leakage preventives are included. (This updated bibliography contains 210 citations, 9 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

  9. Lesson 9 - Solar Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H N I CLenslessLeslie Pochbiomass

  10. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

  11. Supercomputers Take a Cue From Microwave Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for one or a few dedicated functions. "Because the ultimate goal of the embedded market is to maximize battery life, these technologies have always been driven by...

  12. Solar Pizza Oven Box k - 6

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES PursuantEnergySolar FlareSolar Phoenix 2Ready to

  13. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    one year. "Appliance efficiency standards represent a huge opportunity to help families save money by saving energy, while still delivering high quality appliances for...

  14. Oven rack having integral lubricious, dry porcelain surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ambrose, Jeffrey A; Mackiewicz-Ludtka, Gail; Sikka, Vinod K; Qu, Jun

    2014-06-03

    A lubricious glass-coated metal cooking article capable of withstanding repeated heating and cooling between room temperature and at least 500.degree. F. without chipping or cracking the glass coating, wherein the glass coating includes about 0.1 to about 20% by weight of a homogeneously distributed dry refractory lubricant material having a particle size less than about 200 .mu.m. The lubricant material is selected from the group consisting of carbon; graphite; boron nitride; cubic boron nitride; molybdenum (FV) sulfide; molybdenum sulfide; molybdenum (IV) selenide; molybdenum selenide, tungsten (IV) sulfide; tungsten disulfide; tungsten sulfide; silicon nitride (Si.sub.3N.sub.4); TiN; TiC; TiCN; TiO.sub.2; TiAlN; CrN; SiC; diamond-like carbon; tungsten carbide (WC); zirconium oxide (ZrO.sub.2); zirconium oxide and 0.1 to 40 weight % aluminum oxide; alumina-zirconia; antimony; antimony oxide; antimony trioxide; and mixtures thereof.

  15. Polymer Surface Modification Using Microwave-Oven-Generated Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbock, Oliver

    in the processing of materials to deposit films as well as coatings.4-8 In recent years, the modification of elastomer surfaces with oxygen plasma has also become an important tool in microfluidics where elastomers plate at 55 °C for 24 h. The resulting PDMS elastomer is removed from the Petri dish and cut

  16. Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process Oven

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-Sessions | Department ofVP ofof EnergyFact Sheet UraniumEfficiency |

  17. Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES PursuantEnergySolar Flare

  18. Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyInformation FormManufacturing of AluminumforEnergyUpdates the

  19. Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC |EnergycurrentlyJune 2012 ThisHowardreceivesK-4, 5-8,

  20. Cone Deck 2 Lot 20 Lot 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    V M V V M M Cone Deck 2 Lot 8A Lot 20 Lot 21 Lot 13 Lot16 Cone Deck 1 Lot 15 Lot 11A Parking Course TC Tennis Courts Lot 8 Lot MSU V Visitor Parking Areas Cone Deck 1 CRI Deck 1 East Deck 1 Lot 4Cone Deck 2 Lot 8A Lot 20 Lot 21 Lot 13 Lot16 Cone Deck 1 Lot 15 Lot 11A Lot 11 Lot16 Lot 12 East

  1. Glass-coating and cleaning system to prevent carbon deposition on coke oven walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahira, Takuya; Ando, Takeshi; Kasaoka, Shizuki; Yamauchi, Yutaka [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Mizushima, Kurashiki (Japan). Mizushima Works

    1997-12-31

    The new technology for protecting the coking chamber bricks from damage by hard-pushing is described. The technology consists of the glass coating on the wall bricks and a wall cleaner to blow deposited carbon. For the glass coating, a specially developed glaze is sprayed onto the wall bricks by a spraying device developed to completely spray one coking chamber in a few minutes. The wall cleaner is installed on a pusher ram in the facility to automatically blow air at a sonic speed during coke pushing. The life of the glazed layer is estimated to be over two years.

  2. Original article Effect of oven -heat and boiling on the germination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria University of Benin Department of Botany, P.MB, 1154, Benin City, Nigeria (Received 24 February 1999; accepted 31 August 1999) Abstract - Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight- est germination percentage and energy (94 %; 85 %). Treatment for 40 s also gave good results

  3. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailable for Public Comment (March 2012) |NewEnergy

  4. Abstract--The paper reviews solutions being explored to face the supply problems faced in the Chilean electricity market oven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    for bids at mid 2006. Index Terms--Power sector deregulation, electric market, risk allocation, natural gas marketplace led the world with its power sector reform process, but is confronting new risks with dependence on natural gas. The Russian gas imports to central Europe were at risk on January 2006, causing

  5. Hydrogen production from steam reforming of coke oven gas and its utility for indirect reduction of iron oxides in blast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

    a remarkable source of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from anthropogenic and industrial activities [4 for indirect reduction (IR) of iron oxides in blast furnaces (BFs), carbon dioxide emissions can be lessened. Motivated from utilizing hydrogen and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in ironmaking, the reaction

  6. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    Coal Briquettes Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Cokingsignificant volumes of coke oven gas and other coal gasesannual variations in “Coke Oven Gas” and “Other Gases” (

  7. National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01

    CDQ) Programmed heating Coke oven gas (COG) Variablespeed drive coke oven gas compressors Next generation cokerecovery Injection of coke oven gas and basic oxygen furnace

  8. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    bem) tndustiy Total S' Coke Oven Gas (bem) Light Industry!Manufacturing Balance^ Coke Oven Gas (bcm) Other Coal Gas (Consumption * (continued) Coke Oven Gas (bcm) Subsector

  9. Deck Those Halls! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Daniel Boff Aboutof EnergyDecemberDecisionsDeck

  10. Structural improvement of strengthened deck panels with externally bonded plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sim, Jongsung [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Hongseob [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa1-dong, Ansan 425-791 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: opera69@chollian.net

    2005-07-01

    Concrete bridge decks require eventual replacement and rehabilitation due to decreasing load-carrying capacity. This paper compares different strengthening design procedures that improve the usability and structural performance of bridge decks. The failure characteristics of bridge decks strengthened with various materials such as carbon fiber sheet, glass fiber sheet, steel plate, and grid CFRP and GFRP are analyzed, and the theoretical load-carrying capacities are evaluated using traditional beam and yield line theory, and punching shear analysis. The strengthening materials increase the punching shear strength of the deck and change the failure mode of the strengthened panel.

  11. TermoDeck | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberI PLLCsourceValleyTermoDeck Jump to:

  12. Sectoral trends in global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    patent fuel, coke oven coke, coke oven gas, blastproduction of steel. Coke oven gas is produced as byproductgas and briquettes (BKB) -- were derived as the ratio of fuel inputs at coke ovens,

  13. OVERALL BEHAVIOR AND MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PULTRUDED GFRP BRIDGE DECKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OVERALL BEHAVIOR AND MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PULTRUDED GFRP BRIDGE DECKS Lee Nelson1 , Tarek K condition of bridges and other infrastructure facilities has been documented by several researchers worldwide. Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite bridge decks deliver viable solutions to meet critical

  14. OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PAVEMENT AND BRIDGE DECK SMOOTHNESS REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is defined. The specification applies to PFC (permeable friction course), OGFC (open graded friction course), HMA (hot mix asphalt), PCCP (P.C. concrete pavement) and Bridge Decks. Areas where 1/8 to 1/2 inch per apply to all types of Portland cement and asphalt concrete pavements as well as bridge decks. ODOT

  15. Potentials and policy implications of energy and material efficiency improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Martin, Nathan; van den Broek, Richard; Block, Kornelis

    1997-01-01

    plants Adjustable speed drives, coke oven gas compressors,heat recovery coke oven gases, and dry coke quenching

  16. Life-Cycle Evaluation of Concrete Building Construction as a Strategy for Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadel, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    feedstock to coke and coke oven gas, for subsequent use inblast furnace and coke oven gas) generation and recovery

  17. Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the steel sector in key developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn; Phylipsen, Dian; Worrell, Ernst

    2001-01-01

    blast furnace gas, coke oven gas, residual and distillateexcess fuel gas is used on site in furnaces and coke ovens (

  18. Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark D.

    2010-01-01

    blast furnace, and coke oven gas. Energy savings resultswashed coal, coal gas from blast furnace, and coke oven This

  19. A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce the heat transfer penetrating its roof deck by almost 85% of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibited attic air temperatures that did not exceed the peak day outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit home constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to access economics for the assembly.

  20. BEHAVIOR OF BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH MMFX Hatem Seliem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to failure using concentrated loads to simulate the effect of truck wheel load. The use of MMFX steel as main flexural reinforcement in bridge decks was evaluated in light of test results. A non-linear finite element

  1. Weather network computer to control deck-heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roe, A.

    1997-04-07

    A ground-source heating system for bridge deicing is briefly described in this article. The deck heating system will be controlled by the Oklahoma state weather network. Warm ground air will be pumped from more than 100 boreholes at least 200 feet deep. The heat transfer fluid, possibly propylene glycol, will be circulated through a sealed tube system in the bridge deck. Costs are estimated at $200,000 for the heating system and $840,000 for the total redecking project.

  2. A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce its peak day heat transfer by almost 85 percent of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibits attic air temperatures that do not exceed the maximum daily outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the roof deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to gauge the cost of energy savings and potential payback.

  3. Development of composite renewal systems for rapid rehabilitation and construction of bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pridmore, Anna Beth

    2009-01-01

    M.A. , Deck forms for girder bridges, in The Aberdeen Group.rebuilding the nation's bridges. 2008, American AssociationBettigole, N.H. , Replacing bridge decks. Civil Engineering,

  4. Evaluation of Multiple Corrosion Protection Systems for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, Jason Leigh

    2009-12-09

    Chloride-induced corrosion is one of the leading causes of premature serviceability failure in reinforced concrete bridge decks. In an effort to mitigate the effect of corrosion on the longevity of concrete bridge decks, several corrosion protection...

  5. March 1980 / Vol. 5, No. 3 / OPTICS LETTERS 117 Disk-shaped heat-pipe oven used for lithium excited-state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stroud, Carlos R.

    -diameter polished window to allow entrance of a collimated (dye-laser) beam. The observingangleis unrestricted is transferred by the vapor, which condenses at the edges of the active region and flows back as a liquid under

  6. The effect of varying oven temperatures and residence times on thermal desorption of n-hexane and 1-hexene from diffusive organic vapor dosimeters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Kenneth Garnett

    1981-01-01

    Temperatures Averaged Over Three Days and Three Residence Times 54 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Breakdown of 3M Organic Vapor Monitor 2. Removing Draft Shield and Retaining Ring from 3M Organic Vapor Monitor 3. Elutriation Cap in place on 3M Monitor 4. Inserting 3... to various organic vapors used in the manufac- ture of a wide variety of products was commonplace. As man's awareness grew regarding the adverse effects of these substances on the individuals using them, the need for reliable monitoring methods to measure...

  7. BEHAVIOR OF BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH MMFX STEEL HATEM SELIEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    steel in bridge decks. The paper also presents the effects bending MMFX steel bars on their tensile, Corrosion, High-Strength Steel, MMFX, Flexure, Punching Shear. ABSTRACT This paper describes the behavior reinforcement. In addition, for the new steel to be accepted as transverse reinforcement, the effects of bending

  8. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 2, Fluorescent lamp ballasts, television sets, room air conditioners, and kitchen ranges and ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    This document is divided into ``volumes`` B through E, dealing with individual classes of consumer products. Chapters in each present engineering analysis, base case forecasts, projected national impacts of standards, life-cycle costs and payback periods, impacts on manufacturers, impacts of standards on electric utilities, and environmental effects. Supporting appendices are included.

  9. D- PRODUCTION BY MULTIPLE CHARGE-TRANSFER COLLISIONS IN METAL-VAPOR TARGETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlachter, A.S.

    2010-01-01

    an oven, a jet, or a heat pipe. An oven is usually easy tocan be difficult. A heat pipe allows high densities,of target (jet, oven, heat pipe, etc). Factors to consider

  10. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    BF) and injection of coke oven gas in BF, which were treatedin BF Injection of coke oven gas in BF Top-pressure recoverythe use of untapped coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, and

  11. Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, T.T.

    2011-01-01

    Variable speed drive coke oven gas compressors Coke dryVariable speed drive coke oven gas compressors Coke drythe waste heat from the coke oven gas to dry the coal used

  12. Emerging Energy-efficiency and Carbon Dioxide Emissions-reduction Technologies for the Iron and Steel Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2014-01-01

    third of the cleaned coke oven gas (COG) is used to fuel theor higher Utilization of coke oven gas as energy carrier,include a coal gasifier, coke oven gas, or BOF gas. The big

  13. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    and derived fuels (coke, coke oven gas, and other cokingMt Briquettes Mt Coke Mt Coke Oven Gas Billion m 3 Other GasCoal Gas not Coke Other Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products

  14. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Options in ISEEM Global Energy Model: 2010-2050 Scenario Analysis for Least-Cost Carbon Reduction in Iron and Steel Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karali, Nihan

    2014-01-01

    in BF N.A. Injection of coke oven gas in BF Top-pressureVariable speed drive coke oven gas compressors Coke dryin BF Injection of coke oven gas in BF Top-pressure recovery

  15. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01

    in BF Injection of coke oven gas in BF Top-pressure recoverythe use of untapped coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, andthe sensible heat of the coke oven gas (COG) is collected by

  16. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in India's Iron and Steel Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow III, William R.

    2014-01-01

    coal; 6.2% for coke, coke oven gas, natural gas, and cokeexcept for injection of coke oven gas in blast furnace which6   Injection of coke oven gas in BF   7   Top?pressure 

  17. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    for utilization of coke oven gas in integrated iron andexcluded (e.g. steam, coke oven gases, BF gases). The lineof properly). The resulting coke oven gas is used as a fuel,

  18. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01

    and Stamp Charging). Maximum Recovery of Coke Oven GasUsing Coke Oven Gas for achieving higher blast temperatureA. Automatic Ignition of Coke Oven Gas Flare Units Equipped

  19. A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    Natural gas Electricity Coke oven gas (COG) Unit Convertin Table 17. Convert Coke Oven Gas (COG) and Other Coal Gassteel industry, such as coke oven gas and other coal gas,

  20. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01

    and derived fuels (coke, coke oven gas, and other cokingMt Briquettes Mt Coke Mt Coke Oven Gas Billion m 3 Other GasCoal Gas not Coke Other Total Oven Gas Coke Source Products

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    2006) 99 Figure 3-28 Coke Oven Gas End-use and Inputsnatural gas use declined. Coke oven gas consumption remainedCoal Total Petroleum Coke Oven Gas Coke Natural Gas

  2. Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in the U.S. Iron and Steel sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst; Martin, N.; Price, L.

    1999-01-01

    Variable speed drive on coke oven gas compressors DirectVariable speed drive coke oven gas compressors Coke drylevels of off-gases (coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, and

  3. THE FURNACE COMBUSTION AND RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS OF METHANOL AND A METHANOL/COAL SLURRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosshandler, W.L.

    2010-01-01

    Fl ames of Liqui d Fuel/Coke-Oven Gas Mixtures, ..2. I Fuelof liquid fuel with coke-oven gas was the I subject ofabout twice as large. Coke-oven gas, which has less methane

  4. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    for some fuels, such as coke oven gas and other gas, NBSCoal Washed Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Cokingt CO 2 /TJ) Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking

  5. BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH HIGH-STRENGTH AND HIGH CORROSION-RESISTANT STEEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    presented. The paper assesses also the effect of bending of MMFX steel bars on its tensile strength. PHASE I_rizkalla@ncsu.edu ABSTRACT This paper describes the behavior of typical bridge deck slabs reinforced with high- strength other parameters related to the use of MMFX steel for bridge decks. The paper also presents the effect

  6. Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " control system designed for a geothermal bridge deck heating system. The control system integrates acceptable, and environmentally compatible Smart Bridge systems to enhance the nation's highway system safetyJenks 1 Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374 Conoco

  7. Cu, Cr and As distribution in soils adjacent to pressure-treated decks, fences and poles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    Cu, Cr and As distribution in soils adjacent to pressure-treated decks, fences and poles Tait with depth in areas close to CCA-treated poles. Abstract Chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood has), and copper (Cu), in soils surrounding CCA-treated wood structures such as decks, fences and poles; and (2

  8. Hygrothermal Performance of West Coast Wood Deck Roofing System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pallin, Simon B [ORNL; Kehrer, Manfred [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL

    2014-02-01

    Simulations of roofing assemblies are necessary in order to understand and adequately predict actual the hygrothermal performance. At the request of GAF, simulations have been setup to verify the difference in performance between white and black roofing membrane colors in relation to critical moisture accumulation for traditional low slope wood deck roofing systems typically deployed in various western U.S. Climate Zones. The performance of these roof assemblies has been simulated in the hygrothermal calculation tool of WUFI, from which the result was evaluated based on a defined criterion for moisture safety. The criterion was defined as the maximum accepted water content for wood materials and the highest acceptable moisture accumulation rate in relation to the risk of rot. Based on the criterion, the roof assemblies were certified as being either safe, risky or assumed to fail. The roof assemblies were simulated in different western climates, with varying insulation thicknesses, two different types of wooden decking, applied with varying interior moisture load and with either a high or low solar absorptivity at the roof surface (black or white surface color). The results show that the performance of the studied roof assemblies differs with regard to all of the varying parameters, especially the climate and the indoor moisture load.

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Green Fuel This activity allows students the opportunity to explore different methods for...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Power to the Plug: An Introduction to Energy, Electricity,...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Alternative Energy...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Sources Science & Innovation Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 31 - 40 of 36 results. Download Making a Solar Oven Students make solar ovens....

  13. Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    service lamps; fluorescent lamp ballasts; residential dishwashers; ranges and ovens; microwave ovens; residential clothes dryers; room air conditioners; packaged terminal air...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy Production Students will compare and contrast renewable and nonrenewable resources...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Geothermal Energy:...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy in Today's Global Society Energy is an abstract concept that is very familiar to...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy Production...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Alternative Fuels...

  19. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01

    Coal Washed Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other CokingTJ) Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking Products

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Protect Your Climate Curriculum and Training Request projects here....

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0...

  2. Clean Energy Technologies: A Preliminary Inventory of the Potential for Electricity Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen; Worrell, Ernst

    2005-01-01

    levels of off-gases (coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, andhave ready access to coke oven gas (55% of integrated plants

  3. Emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01

    High Levels Of PCI Coke Oven Gas Cogeneration "Pickliq" HCLt gy ypes N at algas,coke oven gas ur Fuel M ar segm ent ket

  4. Novel Regenerated Solvent Extraction Processes for the Recovery of Carboxylic Acids or Ammonia from Aqueous Solutions Part II. Recovery of Ammonia from Sour Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, L.J.

    2008-01-01

    was removed from a coke-oven gas stream by absorption into afrom the The gas stream leaving the coke ovens is usually

  5. EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens)

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy From the Sun (10 activities) Hands-on explorations to teach intermediate students...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Rain Machine (Solar Still) Working in groups, students build simple solar stills filled...

  9. Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01

    is the air flow rate, and cfr&, is the designed air flow rate. In the base cases, the cold deck temperature is 55°F regardless of the ambient temperature. The hot deck temperature varies from 1 10°F to 75°F when the ambient temperature increases from 40...°F to 75OF. When the ambient temperature is lower than 40°F, the hot deck temperature remains at 1 10°F. Figure 5: Cold and Hot Deck Temperature Versus the Ambient Temperature for Base Case or Normal VAV System The optimal cold and hot deck...

  10. Fire modeling for Building 221-T - T Plant Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oar, D.L.

    1994-09-29

    This report was prepared by Hughes Associates, Inc. to document the results of fire models for building 221-T Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel. Backup data is contained in document No. WHC-SD-CP-ANAL-010, Rev. 0.

  11. Restacking the old deck: with heavy crude wild cards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-10-02

    OPEC and various other crude oil producers are not playing with a full deck - yet. The OPEC production and price system has yet to take into account truly heavy crude, of the types Venezuela and Mexico export and California and Canada produce for domestic consumption. Generally, analysts providing projections to governments and oil companies fail to address heavy crude's increasing influence on world refining demand. There are indications that high-tech refiner's advantageous buying price spread between heavy and light crude will widen further for the next several years - and that heavy crude producers will enter a new competitive phase. This issue includes the following ED Data: (1) US asphalt import tonnage prices (by area), and tonnages (by country), and prices ($1 bbl.) as imported from N. Antilles, Canada, and Venezuela; (2) refining netback data from the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Sept. 27, 1985; (3) the fuel price/tax series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, dates ranging from Jan. 1984 through Oct. 1985; and (4) principal industrial fuel prices for some of these countries as of Sept. 1985.

  12. JGI Lab Ergo Products Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre, Melanie

    2010-01-01

    Low-temperature thermoplastic pellets mold together quicklymicrowave oven. The thermoplastic will stick to most porous

  13. An Introductory Textbook on Cyber-Physical Systems Edward A. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshia, Sanjit A.

    cell phone to a base station. They control your microwave oven, refrigerator, and dishwasher. They run

  14. Checklist for New Employee's Buddy/Mentor BEFORE EMPLOYEE STARTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    on day one Explain use of refrigerator, oven, microwave, dishwasher, break area, etc. Review fire alarm

  15. Behavior of Concrete Bridge Decks Reinforced with MMFX Steel Hatem Seliem, Doctoral Student, Civil Engineering Dept., NCSU, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavior of Concrete Bridge Decks Reinforced with MMFX Steel Hatem Seliem, Doctoral Student, Civil is considered to be one of the leading causes of deterioration of concrete bridges. This fact has led 60 steel in concrete bridge decks. However, despite these field applications, there is insufficient

  16. FULL SCALE TESTING OF A BRIDGE DECK SLAB REINFORCED WITH CFRP K. Charieson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Canada to incorporate carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) reinforcement into part ofthe concrete deck reinforced polymer (FRP) which could be carbon, glass or aramid fibres, provides an effective preventative bridges. Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP), offers an effective alternative to the use of conventional steel

  17. A Human-Interactive Course of Action Planner for Aircraft Carrier Deck Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , ground vehicles and deck crews. All of this planning must be done in the presence of failures and Jonathan P. How Aerospace Controls Laboratory Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 and uncertainties such as in-air emergencies (fuel or hydraulic leaks, battle damage, etc.), equipment failure

  18. Seliem, Lucier, Rizkalla, and Zia 2006 CBC BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH HIGH-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of MMFX steel for bridge decks. The paper also presents the effect of bending of MMFX steel bars on its of this new steel is also presented. The paper also assesses the effect of bending of MMFX steel bars on its Department of Civil Engineering, North Carolina State University ABSTRACT This paper describes the behavior

  19. Bunch Compressor for the TESLA Linear Collider W. Decking, G. Hoffstaetter, T. Limberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffstaetter, Georg

    Bunch Compressor for the TESLA Linear Collider W. Decking, G. Hoffstaetter, T. Limberg DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22603 Hamburg, Germany September 2000 Abstract TESLA-2000-40 (2000) We discuss different bunch compression systems for the TESLA collider. The best alternative is a wiggler type compressor, where we list

  20. DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR BRIDGE DECK SLABS REINFORCED by CFRP and GFRP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan 1, Amr Abdelrahman 2, Gamil Tadros 3, and Sami Rizkalla 4 Summary The use of carbon and glass the service life of bridge deck slabs. The linear properties of FRPs up to failure and their relatively low elastic modulus and strain at ultimate have raised concerns regarding their use as reinforcements

  1. DESIGN OF CONCRETE DECK SLABS Sami Rizkalla 1 and Tarek Hassan 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (ISIS Canada), University ofManitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3T 5V6 The use of carbon and glass the service life of bridge deck slabs. The linear properties of FRPs up to failure and their relatively low elastic modulus and strain at ultimate have raised concerns regarding their use as reinforcements

  2. LUCIER, GREGORY W. Evaluation of MMFX Steel for Concrete Bridge Decks. (Under the direction of Dr. Sami Rizkalla.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    undocumented. In light of this fact, a research program was commissioned by the NCDOT in which three concrete simulated truck wheel loads. Two of the decks were constructed with identical reinforcement ratios, one

  3. Design of tool for the optimization of deck area assignments with integration into existing naval ship design programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oslebo, Damian G

    2014-01-01

    Many tasks in the early stages of ship design are manual and repetitive processes. One such task is in the realm of deck area arrangements. The allocation and assignment of areas in early stage ship design involves tracking ...

  4. Ash-Based Building Panels Production and Demonstration of Aerock Decking Building Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan E. Bland; Jesse Newcomer

    2007-06-30

    Western Research Institute (WRI) of Laramie, Wyoming and AeRock, LLC of Eagar, Arizona (formerly of Bellevue, Washington) partnered, under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S. DOE-NETL), to support the development of rapid-setting, ash-based, fiber-incorporated ''green'' building products. Green building materials are a rapidly growing trend in the building and construction industry in the US. A two phase project was implemented wherein Phase I assessed, through chemical and physical testing, ash, ash-based cement and fiber composites exhibiting superior structural performance when applied to the AeRock mixing and extrusion process and involved the conduct of pilot-scale production trials of AeRock products, and wherein Phase II involved the design, construction, and operation of a commercial-scale plant to confirm production issues and to produce panels for performance evaluations. Phase I optimized the composite ingredients including ash-based cement, Class F and Class C DFGD ash, and various fiber reinforcements. Additives, such as retardants and accelerators, were also evaluated as related to extruder performance. The optimized composite from the Phase I effort was characterized by a modulus of rupture (MOR) measured between 1,931 and 2,221 psi flexural strength, comparable to other wood and non-wood building materials. Continuous extrusion of the optimum composite in the AeRock pilot-scale facility produced an excellent product that was assembled into a demonstration for exhibit and durability purposes. Finishes, from plain to marbled, from bright reds to muted earth tones and with various textures, could easily be applied during the mixing and extrusion process. The successful pilot-scale demonstration was in turn used to design the production parameters and extruder dies for a commercial scale demonstration at Ultrapanel Pty, Ltd of Ballarat, Australia under Phase II. The initial commercial-scale production trials showed green product sagging, as a result of the die design. After the third die was acquired and fitted to the extruder, satisfactory decking and structural panels were produced. Cured decking was shipped to the US but experienced significant breakage and damage during transport. Subsequent evaluations concluded that an alternative die design was needed that would produce a more robust product resistant to damage. In summary, AeRock Decking can be a commercially-viable non-wood alternative decking product. This project has provided WRI and AeRock the knowledge and understanding to make AeRock Decking a commercial success. However, a commercial demonstration that produces quality product and the subsequent evaluation of its performance is needed before commercial acceptance of the AeRock product.

  5. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers: Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-01

    A study to determine the feasibility of recovering and reusing heat from a large multi-deck dryer used in the manufacture of roof insulation board is described. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. (MCW)

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Plants in Your Gas...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8 of 8 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.gov...

  9. EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN DEPARTMENT: Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    ) Turn off or unplug electrical equipment (except the fridges): stove burners and ovens, cook tops, wall off all or unplug electrical equipment (except the fridges): stove burners and ovens, cook tops, wall

  10. EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers)

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy in Today's Global Society...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download An Exploration of...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy in Today's...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download What Makes A Home...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download The Sun and Its...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy From the Sun...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Green Fuel This...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Wonders of the Sun...

  19. Energy Conservation: Policy Issues and End-Use Scenarios of Savings Potential -- Part 3, Policy Barriers and Investment Decisions in Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benenson, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Petro. Gas Natural Gas Coke Oven Gas Blast Furnace Gas *cu.ft l, OOOBTU=cu. ft • Coke Oven Gas MM cu.ft 500BTU=cu.

  20. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Ovens Electric Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Solar WaterOvens Appliance DC-internal product power (Watts) Personal Computers and Related Equipment Rechargeable Electronics Refrigerators Room Air Conditioners Security Systems Solar

  1. Liu, Rees and Spitler. 1 Simulation of a Geothermal Bridge Deck Anti-icing System and Experimental Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Rees and Spitler. 1 Simulation of a Geothermal Bridge Deck Anti-icing System and Experimental and a ground-coupled heat pump system with vertical borehole heat exchangers as a heat source. The models pumps that, in turn, extract heat with the ground via vertical U-tube borehole heat exchangers (Fig.1

  2. China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2008-01-01

    Electric rice cookers Microwave ovens VTR DVD Energy- Savingelectric industry that link industrial policy with energy saving

  3. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galitsky, Christina

    2008-01-01

    and Powder Coating. Good Practice Guide 260. Best Practiceand Stoving Ovens. Good Practice Guide 271. Bloss, D. , R.

  4. Marvell NanoLab Member login Lab Manual Contents MercuryWeb Berkeley Microlab Chapter 5.36

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Kevin Edward

    The YES oven can be used for curing of polyimides, anneal processes, and other materials which require

  5. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the 6th Plan's Efficiency Potential 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Ranges and Ovens Boilers

  6. The NRS Transect 7:2 (spring 1989)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UC Natural Reserve System

    1989-01-01

    and solar showers. A screened dining hall and kitchen equipped with pro- pane refrigerators, stoves,and ovens

  7. A.Antkowiak C. Josserand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neukirch, Sébastien

    (2009) Micro-Origamis 3D photovoltaic devices 9 micro solar oven #12;1 - Motivations 10 2 - Experiments

  8. Incidents in the news have once again highlighted the importance of safety in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capecchi, Mario R.

    on and left running unattended overnight. The oven caught fire which then spread to the dishwasher next

  9. APPLICATION OF FAULT TREE ANALYSIS TO IGNITION OF FIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teresa Ling, W.C.

    2011-01-01

    toaster Unknow~/".A food .. food Dishwasher . •dishwasher Other a~rliance Stove/oven/range .. wall Rc

  10. Autonomous Semantic Mapping for Robots Performing Everyday Manipulation Tasks in Kitchen Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to acquire and use knowledge about where the task-relevant objects, such as the dishwasher and the oven

  11. Load test of the 283W Clearwell Roof Deck and Support Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, R.M.

    1994-09-12

    The 283W Clearwell roof area was load tested according to the approved load-test procedure, WHC-SD-GN-TP-30015, Revision 0, as modified below. The 283W Clearwell is located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site and has the following characteristics: Roof deck - concrete slab supported by columns and walls; Roof membrane - tar and gravel; Roof slope - flat (< 10 deg); and Roof elevation - approximately 6 in. above ground level. The 283W Clearwell was visited in April 1993 for a visual inspection, but could not be inspected because of the confined space requirements. It was revisited in February 1994 for the purpose of writing this test report. Because the roof could not be inspected, a test was determined to be the best way to qualify the roof for personnel access.

  12. The Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Project: Retail Cuts From the Chuck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Sarah

    2010-01-16

    , and that volume was recorded. Liquid was brought to a boil, the pan was covered, and the Dutch oven was placed in a pre-heated conventional oven (120 ?C), and the samples simmered until they reached an internal temperature of 85?C. The Dutch oven was removed...

  13. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Mtce) Table 4A.19.1. Coke Oven Gas End Use and Inputs toConversion Table 4A.19.2. Coke Oven Gas End Use and InputsMtce) Table 4A.19.1. Coke Oven Gas End Use and Inputs to

  14. Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) Bridge Decks: Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures, Internal Curing, and Cracking Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendergrass, Ben Andrew

    2014-05-31

    ABSTRACT The development, construction, and evaluation of low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks is described based on laboratory tests of mixtures containing shrinkage-reducing admixtures and mineral admixtures in conjunction...

  15. Development and Construction of Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) Bridge Decks: Free Shrinkage, Mixture Optimization, and Concrete Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindquist, Will David

    2008-01-01

    parts covering (1) the development of an aggregate optimization and concrete mixture design program entitled KU Mix, (2) free-shrinkage tests to evaluate potential LC-HPC mixtures developed for use in bridge decks, and (3) the construction...

  16. The Effects of Infrared-Blocking Pigments and Deck Venting on Stone-Coated Metal Residential Roofs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL

    2006-01-01

    Field data show that stone-coated metal shakes and S-mission tile, which exploit the use of infraredblocking color pigments (IrBCPs), along with underside venting reduce the heat flow penetrating the conditioned space of a residence by 70% compared with the amount of heat flow penetrating roofs with conventional asphalt shingles. Stone-coated metal roof products are typically placed on battens and counter-battens and nailed through the battens to the roof deck. The design provides venting on the underside of the metal roof that reduces the heat flow penetrating a home. The Metal Construction Association (MCA) and its affiliate members installed stone-coated metal roofs with shake and S-mission tile profiles and a painted metal shake roof on a fully instrumented attic test assembly at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Measurements of roof, deck, attic, and ceiling temperatures; heat flows; solar reflectance; thermal emittance; and ambient weather were recorded for each of the test roofs and also for an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventional pigmented and direct nailed asphalt shingle roof. All attic assemblies had ridge and soffit venting; the ridge was open to the underside of the stone-coated metal roofs. A control assembly with a conventional asphalt shingle roof was used for comparing deck and ceiling heat transfer rates.

  17. Application of Noise Cancelling and Damage Detection Algorithms in NDE of Concrete Bridge Decks Using Impact Signals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Gang; Harichandran, Ronald S.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

    2011-09-13

    Delamination is a commonly observed distress in concrete bridge decks. Among all the delamination detection methods, acoustic methods have the advantages of being fast and inexpensive. In traditional acoustic inspection methods, the inspector drags a chain along or hammers on the bridge deck and detects delamination from the 'hollowness' of the sounds. The signals are often contaminated by ambient traffic noise and the detection of delamination is highly subjective. This paper describes the performance of an impact-bases acoustic NDE method where the traffic noise was filtered by employing a noise cancelling algorithm and where subjectivity was eliminated by introducing feature extraction and pattern recognition algorithms. Different algorithms were compared and the best one was selected in each category. The comparison showed that the modified independent component analysis (ICA) algorithm was most effective in cancelling the traffic noise and features consisting of mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) had the best performance in terms of repeatability and separabillty. The condition of the bridge deck was then detected by a radial basis function (RBF) neural network. The performance of the system was evaluated using both experimental and field data. The results show that the selected algorithms increase the noise robustness of acoustic methods and perform satisfactorily if the training data is representative.

  18. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers. Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-08

    A study was made to determine the feasibility of recover and reuse of low level heat from the exhausts of multi-deck dryers used to dry boards in the building materials industry. There are approximately 1000 dryers of this type in the USA, with no heat recovery equipment. These dryers are used in the manufacture of: roof insulation board, ceiling tile and panel stock, wood fiber sheathing, gypsum board, and veneer plywood. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include the following: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. The systems recommended for design and installation at the Rockdale plant include all three of the types of heat exchangers. The preliminary estimate for the installed cost for these systems at the Rockdale plant is $565,000 (1979 dllars). Annual heat recovery of 186,000 million Btu is projected with a value of $545,000 using gas costs of $3.00 per million Btu. Payback based on a discounted cash flow analysis using ten year depreciation is about two years.

  19. New developments in pipeline charging preheated coal at Inland Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, S.M. Jr.; Arsenault, A.A.; Rupp, P.A.

    1982-01-01

    The first commercial installation of a new pipeline oven charging system for preheated coal, designed by Dynamic Air, Inc., was made at Inland Steel's C Battery in October 1979. With the Dynamic Air charging sytem, production losses due to pipeline delays have been virtually eliminated, pipeline maintenance requirements have been reduced by 90%, conveying steam requirements have been significantly reduced, and oven charge weights have been increased by 500 kg (1000 lb). A test program was subsequently conducted during November and December 1980, to evaluate the use of nitrogen as a conveying medium for pipeline oven charging with the Dynamic Air system. The test results clearly demonstrated that the same weight of preheated coal could be charged into an oven by using either steam or nitrogen as the conveying medium. Moreover, it was found that pipeline oven charging with the Dynamic Air system is a function of the mass flow rate of the conveying medium. With nitrogen charging, an average 9% increase in oven charge rates was obtained at comparable conveying gas mass flow rates and charging bin pressures. In addition, average oven pressure during charging was reduced by approximately 40% and solids carryover was reduced by 100 kg (220 lb) per oven charge with nitrogen charging. It was found that solids carryover during pipeline oven charging is a function of the average pressure generated in the oven during charging, but it was also found that a large oven pressure surge at the end of the charge can produce excessive carryover to completely mask the effect.

  20. JOHNSON, CHARLES MILLER. Fabrication and Behavior of 3-D Orthogonal Woven FRP/Concrete Bridge Deck. (Under the direction of Dr. Sami Rizkalla).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirmiran and Dr. Yutian Shao entitled Plastic Shrinkage of TechFab, LLC Carbon Grid. He interned one summer/Concrete Bridge Deck. (Under the direction of Dr. Sami Rizkalla). In recent years, glass fiber reinforced polymer experiments, fiber volume fraction by burn-off method, tensile experiments of the steel reinforcement

  1. Subseasonal Variability of the Southeast Pacific Stratus Cloud Deck* International Pacific Research Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Pacific Research Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii in the stratus cloud deck is closely related to variations in surface wind velocity, water vapor, sea level

  2. Xu, W., et al. (accepted). A cognitive engineering approach for examining pilot-automation interaction in automated flight decks. To appear in Proceedings of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Xu, W., et al. (accepted). A cognitive engineering approach for examining pilot- automation interaction in automated flight decks. To appear in Proceedings of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Human To conduct a work domain analysis (WDA) of pilot-automation interaction (PAI) using the abstraction hierarchy

  3. DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION OF LOW-CRACKING HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE (LC-HPC) BRIDGE DECKS: FREE SHRINKAGE TESTS, RESTRAINED RING TESTS, CONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCE, AND CRACK SURVEY RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jiqiu

    2011-12-31

    with another deck bid under the LC-HPC specifications but for which the owner did not enforce the specification. This study is divided into four parts covering (1) an evaluation of the free shrinkage properties of LC-HPC candidate mixtures, (2) an investigation...

  4. The vertical structure of Jupiter's equatorial zonal wind above the cloud deck, derived using mesoscale gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, C; 10.1029/2012GL054368

    2013-01-01

    Data from the Galileo Probe, collected during its descent into Jupiter's atmosphere, is used to obtain a vertical profile of the zonal wind from $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.5}$ bar (upper troposphere) to $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.1\\, \\mu{bar}}$ (lower thermosphere) at the probe entry site. This is accomplished by constructing a map of gravity wave Lomb-Scargle periodograms as a function of altitude. The profile obtained from the map indicates that the wind speed above the visible cloud deck increases with height to $\\mathbf{\\sim 150}$ m\\,s$\\mathbf{^{-1}}$ and then levels off at this value over a broad altitude range. The location of the turbopause, as a region of wide wave spectrum, is also identified from the map. In addition, a cross-equatorial oscillation of a jet, which has previously been linked to the quasi-quadrennial oscillation in the stratosphere, is suggested by the profile.

  5. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 3, Water heaters, pool heaters, direct heating equipment, and mobile home furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    This is Volume 3 in a series of documents on energy efficiency of consumer products. This volume discusses energy efficiency of water heaters. Water heaters are defined by NAECA as products that utilize oil, gas, or electricity to heat potable water for use outside the heater upon demand. These are major appliances, which use a large portion (18% on average) of total energy consumed per household (1). They differ from most other appliances in that they are usually installed in obscure locations as part of the plumbing and are ignored until they fail. Residential water heaters are capable of heating water up to 180{degrees}F, although the setpoints are usually set lower.

  6. Pushing schedule derivation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henriquez, B. [Compania Siderurgica Huachipato S.A., Talcahuano (Chile)

    1996-12-31

    The development of a Pushing Schedule Derivation Method has allowed the company to sustain the maximum production rate at CSH`s Coke Oven Battery, in spite of having single set oven machinery with a high failure index as well as a heat top tendency. The stated method provides for scheduled downtime of up to two hours for machinery maintenance purposes, periods of empty ovens for decarbonization and production loss recovery capability, while observing lower limits and uniformity of coking time.

  7. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 65716603, 2014 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/6571/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    for coal-charging process 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 FGD for coke oven gas 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 Combination[1] BAU[2]/PC[2] 2005 2010 2020 2030 2020 2030 2030 Sintering FGD 0 10 20 40 95 100 100 Coke oven FGD 100 Hot rolling ESP 0 0 0 0 70 95 100 Cold rolling HED 0 0 0 0 70 95 100 Coke oven WET 100 100 100 100

  8. A mathematical model for the performance of the compressed-film, floating-deck, flat-plate solar-energy collector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Ho-Kai

    1975-01-01

    . , National Cheng Kung University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. william B. Harris Tests were performed with two compressed-film floating-deck solar water heaters of similar structure and design using a number of different kinds of glazings... was observed between glass and plexiglass glazings. Upward heat losses for the solar heater can be predicted using an equation and parameters given in the text. ACKNONLEDGENENTS To Dr. N. B. Harris, Dr. R. R. Davison and Dr. C. F. Kettleborough...

  9. Analysis of the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and Large-Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises, 2000-2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2014-01-01

    Ironmaking .the ovens (U.S. EPA 2010). 2.2. Ironmaking The subsectionsbelow describe three ironmaking processes: the BF/BOF,

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in energy. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsenergy-literacy-videos Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    tornado in 2007. http:energy.goveerevideosre-building-greensburg Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    production. http:energy.goveerevideosnew-biofuels-technology-blooms-iowa Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    eereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Protect Your Climate Curriculum and Training Request projects here. Upon request you will be sent a 16-unit series...

  14. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    chicken quesadilla - Dijon roasted pork loin with black bean salsa - Oven-roasted turkey and dressing - Italian antipasto panino - Italian pasta bar - White chicken chili -...

  15. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and eggs - Grilled chicken quesadilla - Chicken vincenza with pasta - Oven-roasted turkey and dressing - Italian antipasto panino - Italian pasta bar - White chicken chili -...

  16. Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards & Labeling Programs for Copy Machines, External Power Supplies, LED Displays, Residential Gas Cooktops and Televisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2013-01-01

    appliances that use city gas or LPG gas and do not includethat use city gas 13A or LPG gas, excluding grills, ovens

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    eereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Scale Models and Wind Turbines As wind turbines and wind farms become larger to take advantage of the...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy Production Students will compare and contrast renewable and nonrenewable resources to...

  19. EA-0404: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Innovative Clean Coal Technology Program - Coke Oven Gas Cleaning Demonstration Project at the Bethlehem Steel Corp. Sparrows Point Plant, Baltimore County, Maryland

  20. Reduction in Fabrication Costs of Gas Diffusion Layers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    throughout oven to maintain consistent heat treatment profile. With high temperature optics and fiber optic cable can accurately read temperatures above 250C without added...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    eereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Survival Still Students design and build a solar still to capture drinking water from the capillary water in the...

  2. ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Ovens, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2015-05-29: Energy...

  3. Taking ramen seriously : food, labor, and everyday life in modern Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solt, George Sekine

    2009-01-01

    such as washing machines and electric rice-cookers. [Garonelectric consumer goods (such as rice-cookers, refrigerators, gas ovens, stoves, washing machines, and

  4. Appliance Equipment Standards Northwest Impact Study

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (2) Automatic Ice Makers; (3) Commercial Water Heaters; (4) Ranges and Ovens; (5) Vending Machines; (6) Pool Heaters; (7) Small electric motors; (8) Residential Central Air...

  5. brwtp-icoke | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1989) Comprehensive Report to Congress Comprehensive Report to Congress on the Clean Coal Technology Program: Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications...

  6. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil or coal. 3....

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 43174337, 2015 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/4317/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ) precalciner kilns with fabric filters (FF) in cement production; (3) mechanized coking ovens gas desulfuriza- tion (FGD) and selective catalyst reduction (SCR) systems in power generation; (2

  8. Tailoring insoluble nanobelts into soluble anti-UV nanopotpourris Jinmin Wang,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    , and a powerful way of fabricating complex nanodevices, such as solar cells, next- generation microelectronic treatment in an oven at 180

  9. EERE Guide for Managing General Program Evaluation Studies |...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    evaluationmgmtguidefinal2006.pdf More Documents & Publications Wind is Energy (17 activities) SolarHarvest.pdf Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  10. CSU Extension Jefferson County Quarterly Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , animals, solar ovens and much more to give them a taste of 4-H and the Fair. Jeffco 4-H Youth Win Awards

  11. Electronics Come of Age: A Taxonomy for Miscellaneous and Low Power Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordman, Bruce; Sanchez, Marla C.

    2006-01-01

    professionals, e.g. “dishwasher” or “TV, CRT”. Product typeselectronic devices (e.g. dishwasher controls) unless it is aelectric Cooktop, gas Dishwasher Freezer Oven, electric

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download The Sun and Its Energy (11 activities) Hands-on investigations and explorations to introduce...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Sources Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 35 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that...

  14. Loose Canons on Deck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-12-24

    ? That I hadn't made the post about my own untimely death and that someone must have hacked my account while I was out of town? That was what every person who committed pseuicide claimed when they got around to regretting it, or felt they had had enough... was find out the identity of the “roommate” who had hacked my account and thus clear my own name. Easier said than done. Online journals will log the IP addresses of commenters, but not of posters, so that as a means of detection was no good. Listing people...

  15. EHS-Net Microwave Study EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Microwave Study 1 EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol Research question Is there any justification for conducting an in-depth study on potential associations between microwave oven usage in food preparation establishments and foodborne illness? Background The use of microwave ovens inherently leads

  16. Lab Process AreaWhere CORAL Name It is: It does: Maker/Model Units per:(self-run) if staff EBL e-beam write24-041 Elionix 125 keV, hi-res e-beam writere-beam write Elionix F-125 10 hr 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    systemmeasures film thickness Filmetrics F20 8 hr 12 EML Photo-EMLAu Bonder Rm hotpress hydraulic press applies Al, Cr, Cu, etc AJA Orion 5 30 run+mat. 37 EML diffusion Au Bonder Rm vac-oven vacuum oven for annealing, sintering, etc in vacuumTM Vacuum Products Model SS806NS-148 hr 12 ICL metrologymetrology 4-pt

  17. Cobalt Catalyst Heterogenized on SBA-15 for p-Xylene Oxidation David Raju Burri, Ki-Won Jun,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ji Man

    was filtered and dried at 353 K in a vacuum oven overnight. The product was then slurried in ethanol under reflux condition, filtered, washed with ethanol and dried at 393 K in an oven. The washing resulted materials.1 Cobalt based homogeneous catalytic systems are widely used for this reaction.2 However

  18. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 35873596, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3587/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ovens, coal power plants, biomass burning, and natural gas (NG) combustion. The ma- jor sources daily and seasonal variations. High contributions of biomass burning and coal (residential and coke oven on the emis- sion data in Seoul and Northeast Asia: Gasoline and diesel vehicles, residential coal use, coke

  19. Comparative Chlorophyll and Energy Studies of Prairie, Savanna, Oakwood, and Maize Field Author(s): J. D. Ovington and D. B. Lawrence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    inci(lent solar radiation. The results are (liscusse(l in relationi to the factors affecting. weighltby drying to a constant weight in an oven at 800C, anidthe other for chlorophyll determina- tioni oven- clrying. The weiglht of chlorophyll per unit area of land surface can be calculated then from

  20. Photochemistry Radiation and Photolysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    energy is done (i.e. energy per unit time) #12;Sample Problem: A microwave oven puts out radiation at 50? How does a microwave oven heat food anyway? First note that 50 GHz is a frequency (Hz = s-1) E = hn, as a function of l · Amount of solar radiation, as a function of

  1. In Dodo-Goldilocks, several chunks of bright material 1.5 to 2 cm across were dislodged by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    and to deliver ice-cemented soil materials to the TEGA ovens were not successful, we sampled sublimated till.0 mg of water ice. If we assume that the TEGA oven was full, this sample con- tained ~2% ice. Because throughout most days, dropping rapidly at 18. local true solar time (LTST) to a minimum of

  2. Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video Cassette Deck. It is attached to the left side Mac Pro Creation Station, and can be used to "capture", or convert video from miniDV tapes to digital files. 1

  3. Operational experience using the novel FixCup collecting main valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giertz, J.; Huhn, F. [DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Pruefung mbH, Essen (Germany). Inst. for Cokemaking and Fuel Technology; Spitz, J. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

    1996-12-31

    On the occasion of the 1995 AIME conference the new PROven (Pressure Regulated Oven) process to control the pressure in coke ovens individually was introduced. This process was made feasible with a new collecting main valve, termed FixCup, with the aid of this valve a variable flow resistance to the raw gas discharge can be realized using a water immersion system. However, just the application of the FixCup system alone--without any pressure regulation--is very advantageous and cost saving. Thyssen has equipped 30 ovens with the new valve. The special constructive features as well as the operational experience using the FixCup valve are treated.

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 29 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 17 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 15 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 36 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 31 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 59 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 33 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 23 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 10 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 26 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 53 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 28 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 11 - 20 of 43 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 30 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 35 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 11 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 8 of 8 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 34 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for...

  8. Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Lenny

    2008-01-01

    options for combined heat and power in Canada. Office ofpolicies to promote combined heat and power in US industry.conversions, such as combined heat and power and coke ovens,

  9. Study of the electrodeless discharge lamps for photochemical applications and temperature dependence of photostationary state in cis-trans photoisomerization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirkva, Vladimir

    (EDL) placed into the reactor vessel of a commercial microwave oven. The UV light in the lamp-897. [2] Home page: http://home.icpf.cas.cz/cirkva [3] P. Klán, M. Hájek, V. Církva, J. Photochem

  10. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 65036519, 2015 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/6503/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    sites (including off- shore) Large surface and underground coal mines Coke ovens Primary sources Power plants (>20MW; coal, oil and gas- fired) Petroleum refineries Oil and gas production

  11. Simulating consumer practices to evaluate the cooking and chemical characteristics of low fat ground beef patties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Jeanette Marie

    1993-01-01

    in a microwave oven was done only for broiled and pan-fried patties. Proximate composition, cholesterol, fat retention, energy content and cooking yield were determined. Frozen machine-made patties contained higher levels of fat (per patty) compared...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy and Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). 3Cooking includes fuels used by the major cooking equipment (ovens,...

  13. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Figure 2. Thermal Modeling for Camera using CO 2 Cooling Figure 4. Conical Mirror Optics Figure 5. Example of a deconvoluted conical-mirror image High-temp ovens are used to...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    izza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Scale Models and Wind Turbines As wind turbines and wind farms become larger to take advantage of the economies of scale and increased wind speeds at...

  15. Select Font Size: A A A Sponsored By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dick, Robert

    , exemplified by the microcomputer-operated brains inside your microwave oven, your MP3 player, your cellphone end up being too power hungry. Yet if they skimp on RAM, they may prevent the unit from running some

  16. Beef Cattle Management During Drouth. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, J. Michael

    1971-01-01

    Historically, earth ovens have been used to provide direct evidence of ancient plant use through the recovery of charred macrobotanical remains and indirectly by means of experimental archaeology and the ethnographic record. ...

  17. Beyond "Pink" and "Blue": Gendered Attitudes towards Robots in Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the microwave oven was originally targeted primarily at men for re-warming simple foods (e.g., pies success: for example, male-dominated "smart house" project teams focused more on centrally networking

  18. Effect of Pre and Post-Harvest Treatments on Characteristics of ‘Pawnee’ Pecan Kernels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansur, Zainab J

    2014-04-17

    harvesting practices (‘Direct’, early harvest and brought to the lab; ‘Cluster’, late harvest; and ‘Ground’, early harvest and kept on the ground of the orchard), four storage temperature combinations [oven at 80 °C for 48 h then ambient temperature (‘OA...

  19. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Unit: (Mtce) Liquid Petroleum Gas Natural Gas ElectricityCoke Source Coke Oven Gas Natural Gas Liquid Petroleum GasLiquid Coke Petroleum Refinery Natural Coke Total Petroleum Other Other Gas

  20. A Tradeoff between Compositionality and Complexity in the Semantics of Dimensional Adjectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The refridgerator is about 60 cm wide. b. The cupboard is about as deep as the refridgerator is wide. c. The kitchen than the refridgerator is wide. c. The kitchen table is short (for a kitchen table). d. The oven

  1. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  2. Fuel Saving Ideas for Metal and Ceramic Processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, R. J.

    1982-01-01

    An easy method is presented for analyzing sources of heat loss from industrial processing furnaces, kilns, and ovens; and thus for recognizing opportunities for fuel saving. This will relate to melting, heat treating and hot forming of metals...

  3. Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2012-01-01

    used either natural gas or propane for cooktop fuel. Of the1302 Cooktop Fuel Type Gas Propane Electric - ResistanceFuel Type Gas Electric Propane Cooktop and Oven Together

  4. Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    make a solar oven, there's absolutely no reason why I, as a fully functioning, 26-year-old adult, can't successfully make one, too June 13, 2011 Fighting with South-Facing...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    downloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Power to the Plug: An Introduction to Energy, Electricity, Consumption, and Efficiency The NEED Project and the U.S. Department of...

  6. TMUG ToSIA Management and User Group European Forest Institute EFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a pellet-burning oven in my house? Now there is a tool that can help you with answering these questions: To along the chain (e.g. wood, timber products, reindeer meat ­ all converted to tons of Carbon) 3

  7. Nutrient Content in Aboveground Biomass of Brazilian Peanut Cultivars in Conservation Tillage on Sugarcane Straw and Pasture Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of row. This aboveground biomass was oven- dried at 65 o C,significantly higher than in the biomass of IAC-Tatu ST. Onin the aboveground biomass of IAC-Caiapó were significantly

  8. EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL USE GRANT REVIEW FORM ECU policy requires that all grant proposals involving the use of hazardous chemicals be reviewed by an institutional review committee or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -benezene 4-Aminodiphenyl Asbestos Coal tar pitch volatiles Methyl chloromethyl ether Formaldehyde Vinyl chloride Coke oven emissions 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane Lead Cadmium Benzene Cotton dust Chromium VI

  9. 7, 14791506, 2007 apportionment of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , coal residential, coke oven, coal power plant, biomass burning, natural gas (NG) combustion. The major showed distinct seasonal variations. High contributions of biomass burning and coal (residential and coke is the world's largest coal consumption region (IEA, 2006). Thu

  10. A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    back to cleaned coal (coking coal) and added to the rest ofother bituminous coal and coking coal. Small differences incoal (used as fuel) Coking coal Coke oven coke Natural gas

  11. A Dog Tail For Communicating Robotic States Ashish Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g., iRobot Roomba robotic vacuum cleans the floor autonomously). For these robots, it will be important oven displays a timer to let people know when that their food will be ready. In human-robot interaction

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 33 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 30 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 28 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 26 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 23 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 29 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 15 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  1. EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL USE GRANT REVIEW FORM ECU policy requires that all grant proposals involving the use of hazardous chemicals be reviewed by an institutional review committee or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    tar pitch volatiles Methyl chloromethyl ether Formaldehyde Vinyl chloride Coke oven emissions 1 materials. DOT Class 1 Explosive DOT Class 6 Poison Toxic DOT Class 2 Gas DOT Class 8 Corrosive Highly Toxic

  2. Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    requiring 46 gallons of xylol with a maximum oven temperature of 800F and ambient air temperature of 70F, the safety ventilation ratio is 4:1 without LFL monitoring...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  4. JAHRESBERICHT Institut fr Solarenergieforschung GmbH in Hameln/Emmerthal An-Institut der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the solar fair SOLTEC 2005 on the podium in the Weserbergland-Zentrum in Hamelin. Abb. 3: Siliciumwafer vor rotglühende Ofenraum. Fig. 3: Silicon wafer before being placed in the oxidation oven. In the foreground

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 8 of 8 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 17 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 5 of 5 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  8. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 6 of 6 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  9. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 10 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 23 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  12. The pure rotational spectrum of the CrS radical in its X5r state R. L. Pulliam and L. M. Ziurys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    was created by the reaction of chromium vapor, sublimed in a Broida-type oven, with hydrogen sulfide. Eleven shields or solar control coatings as well e.g., Ref. 4 . In materials sci- ence, transition metal sulfides

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  16. Sandia Energy - CRF: First Direct Detection of QOOH Intermediate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    set-up. Shown in the figure is the jet-stirred reactor that is located within an oven, all surrounded by a water-cooled stainless steel chamber. Molecules are sampled from...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 11 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  18. MEMS Lab., Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, SDSU, San Diego, CA 92182 Name: Mid Term Exam -April 6, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    Name: Mid Term Exam - April 6, 2011 SOLAR CELL FABRICATION PROCEDURE KASSEGNE'S MEMS LAB CLASS 100 container 2 hours Annealing in N2 environment oven 12 hours #12;MEMS Lab., Department of Mechanical

  19. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1140911425, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/11409/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ) through a heated oven containing the gaseous acid. The obtained re- sults indicate that gaseous organic increase the scattering of solar visible light, thus influencing atmo- spheric radiative transfer

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 9 of 9 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  1. Sponsored By Big and Bendable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    of high-quality, even custom, plastic-based ICs with equipment not much bigger than a microwave oven, are developing flexible-circuit technologies for structural monitoring, solar energy conversion, and X

  2. A Newsletter showcAsiNg News, highlights ANd pArtNers iNvolved iN the eNtrepreNeuriAl ecosystem At the uNiversity of ceNtrAl floridA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    of a microwave oven that will provide unprecedented imaging of the Earth's upper atmosphere. The award will have a direct impact on understanding space weather ­ such as solar wind ­ and its impact

  3. By Dr. Charles F. Brooks off Clark Univorsity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hot oven though tho thornanotor rimy not indicate a very high bonperature. Usually tho temperature ground, raisod to Q high temperature by the solar radiation is, aftor sunsot, radiating its

  4. 52 MRS BULLETIN/AUGUST 2000 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of current use for TCs. Oven windows employ TCs to conserve energy and to maintain an outside temperature for solar cells and flat-panel displays (FPDs). Automatically dimming rear-view mirrors for automobiles

  5. 2162 J. Phys. Chem. 1995, 99, 2162-2165 Excited Triplet and Reduced Forms of CM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sauvé, Geneviève

    for photosensitization, singlet oxygen production, and solar energy conversion. Doped polymer films have also been shown oven held at 343 K. Optical Measurements. Absorption spectra were recorded with a Perkin-Elmer 3840

  6. A dusty plasma device for producing extended, steady state, magnetized, dusty plasma columns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    in the solar system has been published by Goertz.* Phenomena related to the presence of electrically charged is pro- duced by surface ionization of potassium atoms from an atomic beam oven. The atoms are ionized

  7. Ing Hwie Tan1, Mario Ueda1, Renato Dallaqua1, Jos Osvaldo Rossi1, Antonio Beloto1, Manfredo Tabacknics2, Nicole Demarquette3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -up antennas, inflatable mirrors & lenses, solar sails... Kapton is extensively used in thermal blankets ) 1 minute pre-heated oven (100 °C) 15 cycles Adhesion Test applying and removing a pressure sensitive

  8. Ozonolysis of surface adsorbed methoxyphenols: Kinetics of aromatic ring cleavage versus alkene side-chain oxidation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    irradiance of xenon lamp solar simulator (black) used in eugenol photoenhanced ozonolysis study dried in an oven at 100 ºC and transferred in the ambient atmosphere to the FTIR flow cell. It seems

  9. Postsynthesis Crystallinity Improvement of Colloidal CdTe Nanoparticles Using Rapid Thermal Annealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solar cells,5 ultrafast electron transfer,6 and negative refractive index materi- als.7 Significant for colloidal NPs. However, the adiabatic nature and the time constants associated with oven annealing processes

  10. Tracking the catalyzed growth process of nanowires by in situ x-ray diffraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    capacity.4­7 Silicon nanowires have also found application in solar cells, both as ab- sorber data could be collected during growth. The nanowires were grown in an Anton-Paar HTK1200 oven

  11. Environmental and Resource Studies Program Equipment Available For Use in ERS Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    microscopes, dissecting mixers/homogenizers muffle furnace (high temperature) ovens/incubators pH meters (battery tester) power inverter solar panel and solar charge controller Audio-Visual Equipment camera

  12. Micro windmills to recharge your mobile phone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    interest from Taiwanese Oven Fresh Latest Updates Downloads Become a member, today! Login with Facebook or installed anywhere,41yrs Small MILL-Lathe-Drill Solar Water Well Pumps Siemens Wind Energy Page 3 of 4Micro

  13. Efficient preparation of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 and V/TiO2 thin layers using microwave drying and/or microwave calcination technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirkva, Vladimir

    in microwave field were done in the same manner, by using an IR pyrometer in the microwave oven and monitoring many important applications, including, among others, dye-sensitized solar cells [1] or photocatalytic

  14. pH effect on the morphology of ZnO nanostructures grown with aqueous chemical growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    crystals [1], photodetectors [2], varistors [3] and solar cells [4]. Moreover, the synthesis laboratory oven. The pH of the aqueous solution was adjusted using a 0.1 M NaOH solution. After each

  15. Protecting Consumer Privacy from Electric Load Stephen McLaughlin Patrick McDaniel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Patrick Drew

    isolation and recovery, and support for alternative energy sources, e.g., consumer generated wind and solar as Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM): Load monitoring Load profile Lighting Oven Heater ... Appliance

  16. Reflectance reduction of InP wafers after high-temperature annealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luryi, Serge

    is beneficial for many devices, such as solar cells, LEDs, and sen- sors. Various methods of reflection unprocessed as the reference sample. Three quarters of one wafer were annealed in an oven at 350, 500, and 600

  17. The Nature of Light Radiation is energy that travels and spreads out equally in all directions as it "radiates" or travels away from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    ) to thirty centimeters (about twelve inches). In a microwave oven, the radio waves generated are tuned in medical applications and in inspecting welds. X-ray images of our Sun can yield important clues to solar

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 7 of 7 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 20 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  1. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 29 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 9 of 9 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  3. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 6 of 6 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels,...

  5. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    systems Cogeneration for the use of untapped coke oven gas,systems in EAF plants Variable speed drives for flue gas control, pumps, fans in integrated steel mills Cogeneration

  6. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    z Black Liquor z Blast Furnace Gas z Coalbed Methane z Coke Oven Gas z Crop Residues z Food Processing Waste z Industrial VOC's z Landfill Gas z Municipal Solid Waste z...

  7. Better Buildings Challenge Reports First Year's Savings; Partners...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in the facility-wide compressed air system and added additional insulation to existing paint line ovens. Together with other measures, this will lead to an expected savings of...

  8. MSU Family & Graduate Housing Rental Rates Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable, temporary housing for students with families, single

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    reserved parking stall Tenants are responsible for utilities** Units with amenities include: a dishwasher in for one reserved parking stall Units with amenities include a dishwasher, a self- cleaning oven

  9. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sustainable Pub: Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , oven, and dishwasher. It was noted that there were certain operations that could be improved or eliminated, such as inefficient use of the refrigerator and the dishwasher. As for lighting, our

  10. EERE Blog | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven exercise above, are just a few of the resources that can be found using the new Education Toolbox search...

  11. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 53 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 23 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  13. Reducing complexity of consumer electronics interfaces using commonsense reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa Christlieb, José Humberto

    2005-01-01

    User interfaces to consumer electronics devices - Video recorders, phones, cameras, washing machines, microwave ovens, etc. - are getting too complicated to be easily used by ordinary consumers. We believe that what is ...

  14. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Download Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 35 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  15. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 35 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  16. Laser Spectroscopy of Lithium Vapor: Hole-Burning and the Hanle Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Alex D.

    through the heat-pipe oven containing lithium vapor and then contacts the transmission photodetector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 Li Heat-Pipe Oven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3 Basic Fluorescence the D1 (2S1/2 to 2P1/2) and D2 (2S1/2 to 2P3/2) lines of 6Li and 7Li. I observed the transmission

  17. Modeling and Experimental Study of Lithium-Ion Battery Thermal Behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Carlos F

    2015-04-28

    . (a) Temperature and heating rate, (b) amount of meta-stable SEI, (c) cathode degree of conversion, and (d) anode lithium content during oven tests at 150 and 170 °C with a convection coefficient of 7.17 W/m2K. ............... 32 Figure 6. Heat.... ........................................................................................................... 35 Figure 8. Temperature response and heating rate during simulated oven test for the cylindrical and prismatic spiral-wound cells. ....................................................... 37 Figure 9. (a) Amount of meta-stable SEI, (b), cathode...

  18. Nonrecovery cokemaking/cogeneration complex at Inland Steel scheduled to start up in mid-1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samways, N.L.

    1997-12-01

    A 1.33 million ton/year cokemaking/cogeneration power complex is under construction at the Indiana Harbor Works. The cokemaking plant consists of four batteries of nonrecovery type coke ovens representing a total of 268 ovens. The cogeneration energy facilities include: 16 heat recovery boilers; a steam turbine generator, and a flue gas desulfurization system. Start-up is scheduled for mid-1998. Both facilities are described.

  19. Modification of environmental control of cokemaking plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katoh, H.; Yasuno, M.; Gotch, T.; Yoshida, F.

    1993-01-01

    Recently, global environmental protection has been a great concern in the world. In the United States of America, the Clean Air Act (CAA) has been revised to control emissions strictly. Especially in the field of cokemaking, the restriction of fume emission from a coke oven is so severe that old coke ovens will stop operation with the application of CAA. In Japan, it is expected that more severe protection measures are going to be requested for keeping environmental quality. In this situation, it is indispensable to strengthen environmental protection measures for cokemaking plants to continue coke production in the 21st century. In Chiba Works, Kawasaki Steep Corp., the Ironmaking Department has been struggling for the improvement of environmental measures for. These activities for coke ovens are described in this report. The paper describes fume emission control from the coke oven door and dust emission control measures, including the dust monitoring system, prevention of secondary dust scattering from coke ovens, replacement of dedusters, and fume and dust control of stack emission.

  20. Apparatus for making photovoltaic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1994-12-13

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  1. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1996-07-16

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  2. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1995-11-28

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  3. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1993-09-28

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  4. Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

    2011-09-26

    The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

  5. Methods for reduction of charging emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuecker, F.J.; Schulte, H. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    One of the most critical subjects in coking plants are charging emissions. The paper reviews the systems that have been used over the years to reduce charging emissions. The advantages and disadvantages are summarized for the following systems: Double collecting main with aspiration on both oven sides; Single collecting main with/without aspiration via standpipe, and extraction and cleaning of charging gas on charging car; Single collecting main with aspiration via standpipe and pretreatment of charging gas on the charging car as well as additional stationary exhaust and cleaning of charging gas; Single collecting main with aspiration via single standpipe; and Single collecting main with simultaneous aspiration via two standpipes and a U-tube connecting the oven chamber with the neighboring oven. The paper then briefly discusses prerequisites for reduction of charging emissions.

  6. Method of nitriding refractory metal articles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN); Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Omatete, Ogbemi O. (Lagos, NG); Young, Albert C. (Flushing, NY)

    1994-01-01

    A method of nitriding a refractory-nitride forming metal or metalloid articles and composite articles. A consolidated metal or metalloid article or composite is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid or composite to an article or composite of refractory nitride. In addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

  7. Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN)

    1992-01-01

    A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

  8. Influence of baking method and baking temperature on the optical properties of ZnO thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ng, Zi-Neng; Chan, Kah-Yoong

    2015-04-24

    In this work, sol-gel spin coating technique was utilised to coat ZnO thin films on glass substrates. During the intermediate 3 minutes baking process, either hotplate or convection oven was employed to bake the samples. The temperature for the baking process was varied from 150°C to 300°C for both instruments. Avantes Optical Spectrophotometer was used to characterise the optical property. The optical transmittances of hotplate-baked and oven-baked samples showed different trends with increasing baking temperatures, ranging from below 50% transmittance to over 90% transmittance in the visible range of wavelength. The difference in baking mechanisms using hotplate and convection oven will be discussed in this paper.

  9. qer_public_deck_june_twothree.pptx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    QER S lideshow May 1 5, 2 014 Energy P olicy a nd S ystems A nalysis QUADRENNIAL E NERGY R EVIEW: Scope, G oals, V ision, A pproach, Outreach 2 PM o n t he Q uadrennial E nergy R...

  10. DIY TIMBER DECKS CHECKLIST POINTS TO CONSIDER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    , concrete, stirrups etc. · Make an allowance for unexpected costs. · Use of tradies. · Skip hire. LEVEL. · Square. · Metal rule. · Spirit levels. · String line. · Impact drill (for drilling into brick walls/masonry etc). · Masonry drill bits. · Power drill with screwdriver bits. · Timber drill bits. · Dyna bolts

  11. Note: Effect of hot liner in producing {sup 40,48}Ca beam from RIKEN 18-GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozeki, K. Higurashi, Y.; Kidera, M.; Nakagawa, T.

    2015-01-15

    In order to produce a high-intensity and stable {sup 48}Ca beam from the RIKEN 18-GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source, we have begun testing the production of a calcium beam using a micro-oven. To minimize the consumption rate of the material ({sup 48}Ca), we introduced the “hot liner” method and investigated the effect of the liner on the material consumption rate. The micro-oven was first used to produce the {sup 48}Ca beam for experiments in the RIKEN radioisotope beam factory, and a stable beam could be supplied for a long time with low consumption rate.

  12. Yeast Breads: Made at Home. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Maeona; Harris, Jimmie Nell; Reasonover, Frances; Mason, Lousie

    1957-01-01

    pans. Let rise until doubled. Bake in a 400?F. oven about 50 minutes. \\\\"hen loaves shrink from sides of pan, are a golden bronn and give a hollow sound when tapped, the bread ti done. As soon as loaves are taken from the oven, arn top side up... minutes). Form remaining dough into ball. Grease surface lightly. Cover and put into refrigerator. If dough- rises in refrigerator, punch it down. When wanted, remove dough from refrigerator and punch down. Mold at once in any desired shape. Or...

  13. Richard Coke Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    ir.on and steel sector. GroBs Energy Consumption Fuel Type (10 12 Btu/yr) Coal 1,824.9 Tar and Pitch 5.4 Coke 177 .9 Coke Oven Gas 3.6 Natural Gas 659.2 Middle Disti.llate Fuels 13.5 Residual Fuel Oil 206.5 Liquid Petroleum Cas 1... sector fol owed by aluminum and copper. 4.1.1 Iron and Steel Table 3 shows energy use in the steel sector to be about 3.4 quad with over 50% accounted for by coal. Major energy consuming proc ss steps include coke ovens, bl st furnaces...

  14. In advanced packaging, Professor Chappell's research group is attempting to expand the role of vertical integration in high frequency circuits. He has two DARPA-sponsored projects which are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, William J.

    FinePlacer Flip Chip Assembly 3D-SLA Machine UV Exposure Station Characterization Lab Test Equipment and Sensors > 500 layers of polymer to create metallized 3-D replicas of Ansoft HFSS Drawings for functional for LTCC assembly such as screen printers, precision punch, inspection stations and several ovens. It also

  15. Simulation of industrial coking -- Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todoschuk, T.W.; Price, J.T.; Gransden, J.F.

    1997-12-31

    Two statistically designed experimental programs using an Appalachian and a Western Canadian coal blend were run in CANMET`s 460mm (18 inch) movable wall oven. Factors included coal grind, moisture, oil addition, carbonization rate and final coke temperature. Coke quality parameters including CSR, coal charge characteristics and pressure generation were analyzed.

  16. Gas treatment and by-products recovery of Thailand`s first coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diemer, P.E.; Seyfferth, W. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    Coke is needed in the blast furnace as the main fuel and chemical reactant and the main product of a coke plant. The second main product of the coke plant is coke oven gas. During treatment of the coke oven gas some coal chemicals like tar, ammonia, sulphur and benzole can be recovered as by-products. Since the market prices for these by-products are rather low and often erratic it does not in most cases justify the investment to recover these products. This is the reason why modern gas treatment plants only remove those impurities from the crude gas which must be removed for technical and environmental reasons. The cleaned gas, however, is a very valuable product as it replaces natural gas in steel work furnaces and can be used by other consumers. The surplus can be combusted in the boiler of a power plant. A good example for an optimal plant layout is the new coke oven facility of Thai Special Steel Industry (TSSI) in Rayong. The paper describes the TSSI`s coke oven gas treatment plant.

  17. Nickel-Catalyzed Enantioselective Negishi Cross-Couplings of Racemic Secondary alpha-Bromo Amides with Alkylzinc Reagents: (S)-N-Benzyl-7-cyano-2-ethyl-N-phenylheptanamide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lou, Sha

    Procedure: A. (5-Cyanopentyl)zinc(II) bromide (1). An oven-dried, 200-mL pear-shaped Schlenk flask equipped with a magnetic stirbar (egg shaped, 25.4 × 12.7 mm) and an argon line connected to the standard taper outer joint ...

  18. Longevity of Duct Tape in Residential Air Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL 51099 Longevity of Duct Tape in Residential Air Distribution Systems: 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D Joints involved the aging of common "core-to-collar joints" of flexible duct to sheet metal collars, and sheet consisted of baking duct tape specimens in a constant 212°F (100°C) oven following the UL 181B

  19. Crust formation and its role during bread baking1 Vanin, F.M.1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    according to a distinct local heat-moisture treatment. As soon as the dough is placed in the oven, water in the literature are discussed. Keywords crust, bread, baking, water loss, temperature, heating rate, heat and mass 48 21 15. 1 E-mail address: tiphaine.lucas@cemagref.fr Author-produced version of the article

  20. Study of the EDLs for photochemical applications , S. Relich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirkva, Vladimir

    microwave oven. The UV light in the lamp is generated by MW field resulting in direct simultaneous UV and MW/VCH, Weinheim, 2006, p. 860-897. 2. Home page: http://home.icpf.cas.cz/cirkva 3. P. Klán, M. Hájek, V. Církva, J

  1. Microwave sintering of boron carbide

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blake, R.D.; Katz, J.D.; Petrovic, J.J.; Sheinberg, H.

    1988-06-10

    A method for forming boron carbide into a particular shape and densifying the green boron carbide shape. Boron carbide in powder form is pressed into a green shape and then sintered, using a microwave oven, to obtain a dense boron carbide body. Densities of greater than 95% of theoretical density have been obtained. 1 tab.

  2. Energy Efficient Process Heating: Insulation and Thermal Mass Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    1 Energy Efficient Process Heating: Insulation and Thermal Mass Kevin Carpenter and Kelly Kissock tanks and reducing thermal mass. A companion paper, Energy Efficiency Process Heating: Managing Air Flow of the oven/furnace. Reducing the quantity of energy lost to thermal mass in a process heating system saves

  3. Iowa Roots: Speaking Truth to Power 12 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    alter our nation's course on energy and climate, matters of monumental importance to our children speaking truth to power and the public. When microwave ovens were introduced and fear of microwave for Space Studies to study the problem. We showed that Earth was warming by the amount expected due

  4. Supporting Information Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Z52444

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    #12;The First Palladium Catalyzed Oxidative Kinetic Resolution Using Ambient Air as the Stoichiometric. Non-commercially available enantiopure alcohols prepared by palladium-catalyzed oxidative kinetic, length 120 mm) equipped with a magnetic stir bar was charged with oven dried powdered molecular sieves

  5. Supplemental Materials for: The Palladium-Catalyzed Enantioselective Oxidation of Alcohols: A Dramatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    Supplemental Materials for: The Palladium-Catalyzed Enantioselective Oxidation of Alcohols Company, Milwaukee, WI. Non-commercially available enantiopure alcohols prepared by palladium with oven dried powdered molecular sieves (MS3Å, 0.5 g). After cooling, Pd(nbd)Cl2 complex (0.05 mmol, 0

  6. Copyright 2005 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhi

    @engr.uky.edu microwave ovens, and intelligent control of laundry etc. In automobile industry, humidity sensors are used States of America SENSOR LETTERS Vol. 3, 274­295, 2005 Humidity Sensors: A Review of Materials. Accepted: 27 July 2005) We have reviewed humidity sensors based on various materials for both relative

  7. INGREDIENTS 1 boneless turkey breast (3-5 lbs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INGREDIENTS 1 boneless turkey breast (3-5 lbs) 2 cups stuffing 2 carrots 3 celery ribs 4 cups. Preheat oven to 350°. 2. Butterfly turkey breast and pound out to about 1 ½ inches thick. 3. For stuffing- ing. 5. Spread stuffing along inside of turkey breast in an even layer. Roll up breast and tie

  8. Turkey Anytime: A Recipe for Turning Leftovers into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    1 Turkey Anytime: A Recipe for Turning Leftovers into Planned-Overs Lancaster County 444 is the aroma of a turkey baking in your oven. Continue that great feeling by planning a variety of pleasing post-holiday meals with leftover turkey. Try the recipes in this article or use them as inspiration

  9. Optimal Process Design for Coupled CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Gas Recovery in Carbonate Reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odi, Uchenna

    2013-12-09

    ........................................................................................................ 26 Figure 11: PVT System for Dew Point Measurement (a) Oven (b) Computer Data Gathering Equipment (c) Top Pump B (d) PVT Visual Cell (e) Bottom Pump A... adequate understanding of condensate blockage and its interaction with CO2. Accomplishing this requires a fundamental understanding of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) interactions between gas condensate and CO2. Discerning these PVT...

  10. ERSC 3660Y page 1/5 ENVIRONMENTAL & RESOURCE STUDIES PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    Yorker, pg 51. 2. NIEHS Report on Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and controversy about the health effects of electromagnetic fields produced by power lines, microwave ovens and elsewhere; on the response to and impact of transmission lines or telecommunication antennas on local

  11. Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory Preparation for Tropical Storms or Hurricanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    be followed prior to landfall. 1. Check the accuracy of emergency contacts and telephone numbers on the lab isotopes, and DEA regulated drugs. Make sure all inventories of these materials are up to date. 6. Shut down all laboratory equipment which is not essential. Ovens, solvent stills, stir plates, biohazard

  12. Send Orders of Reprints at reprints@benthamscience.net 126 Letters in Organic Chemistry, 2013, 10, 126-130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirkva, Vladimir

    Send Orders of Reprints at reprints@benthamscience.net 126 Letters in Organic Chemistry, 2013, 10 The development of microwave ovens for the heating of food has more than 60-year old history [1] and since the first application of microwave heating in organic chemistry (Ge- dye et al., 1986) [2] the number

  13. PROGRESS TOWARD E-157: A 1 GeV PLASMA WAKEFIELD ACCELERATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lithium oven plasma source and associated ionization laser, commissioning of the electron beam, simulated performance of the electron beam energy measurement, and first PIC simulations of the full meter long components: the beam, the plasma and the beam diagnostics (see Fig. 1). The construction of each component

  14. Integrated Plant for the Municipal Solid Waste of Madrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    of the project was to recover the energy content of RDF generated by the recycling plant of the city of Madrid neutralisation of the acid flue gases within the oven by the addition of limestone or dolomite, and dry and clean slag, 5. Lower operating and maintenance costs. The plant meets all European environmental legislation

  15. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 20, 2001, 457459 Tensile and fatigue behavior of AZ91D magnesium alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Wei

    was aged at 200 C for 24 h in a vacuum oven. Uniaxial tensile test was carried out at an initial strain-compression type specimens at a fixed fre- quency of 25 Hz and load ratio (R) of 0.1 using a servo hydraulic- termined on the fabricated specimens under load con- trol mode in a servo-hydraulic machine. These tests

  16. Optimized Design of a Furnace Cooling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morelli, F.; Bretschneider, R.; Dauzat, J.; Guymon, M.; Studebaker, J.; Rasmussen, B. P.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of manufacturing furnace optimized re-design. The bottleneck in the production process is the cooling of heat treatment furnaces. These ovens are on an approximate 24-hour cycle, heating for 12 hours and cooling...

  17. Technical Note Field Test of Digital Photography Biomass Estimation Technique in Tallgrass Prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, Lloyd W.

    on a linear transformation (i.e., regressing dry clipped weights against percent digital obstruction). We usedTechnical Note Field Test of Digital Photography Biomass Estimation Technique in Tallgrass Prairie or proximity to a drying oven. We tested the digital photography biomass estimation technique for measuring

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,59.9,6.4,8.8,18.5,6.5 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,1.2,"Q","Q",0.2,"Q" "Do Not Use a...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,22.5,25.4,18.9,12.6,7.9,4.7,8.2,16.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.2,0.3,0.2,0.2,0.1,0.1,0.5,0.1 "Do Not...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,18.8,23.6,37.2,20.5 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.3,0.3,0.5,0.4 "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,18.8,5,2.3,2.7,13.8,6.7,4.4,2.7 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.3,0.1,"Q","Q",0.2,0.1,"Q","Q" "Do Not...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wall Oven",100.1,37.2,20,2.6,3,6.2,3.1,5,6.3,2.2,4.2,10.9,7.2,3.7 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.5,0.3,"Q","Q",0.1,"Q","Q","Q","N","Q",0....

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,23.6,16.3,4.2,3.5,2.1,6.5,7.2,2,3.6,1.6 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.3,0.3,"Q","Q","Q","Q",0.1,0,"Q","Q" "Do...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,13.4,4.8,12.1,10.8,16.3,15.2,14.4,13.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.2,0.2,0.3,0.2,0.2 "Do Not...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Separate Wall Oven",100.1,20.5,6.8,3.5,1.6,1.9,3.3,1.9,1.4,13.7,9.6,4.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.4,"Q","Q","Q","N","Q","Q","Q",0.3,0.2,0....

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wall Oven",100.1,64.3,35.8,51.9,8,3.7,2.7,1.4,7.4,2.2,16.3,5.2,1.4 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,1.2,0.3,1.1,"Q","Q","Q","Q","Q","Q",0.2,"Q...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,28.7,30.7,15.9,13.5,11.2 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.4,0.5,0.2,0.3,0.2 "Do Not Use a...

  8. Storage of LWR spent fuel in air. Volume 3, Results from exposure of spent fuel to fluorine-contaminated air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cunningham, M.E.; Thomas, L.E.

    1995-06-01

    The Behavior of Spent Fuel in Storage (BSFS) Project has conducted research to develop data on spent nuclear fuel (irradiated U0{sub 2}) that could be used to support design, licensing, and operation of dry storage installations. Test Series B conducted by the BSFS Project was designed as a long-term study of the oxidation of spent fuel exposed to air. It was discovered after the exposures were completed in September 1990 that the test specimens had been exposed to an atmosphere of bottled air contaminated with an unknown quantity of fluorine. This exposure resulted in the test specimens reacting with both the oxygen and the fluorine in the oven atmospheres. The apparent source of the fluorine was gamma radiation-induced chemical decomposition of the fluoro-elastomer gaskets used to seal the oven doors. This chemical decomposition apparently released hydrofluoric acid (HF) vapor into the oven atmospheres. Because the Test Series B specimens were exposed to a fluorine-contaminated oven atmosphere and reacted with the fluorine, it is recommended that the Test Series B data not be used to develop time-temperature limits for exposure of spent nuclear fuel to air. This report has been prepared to document Test Series B and present the collected data and observations.

  9. Supporting Information for: Ammonium Bicarbonate Transport in Anion Exchange Membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    films were cast in PTFE molds from 5% (w/v) solutions of polymer in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP a given film) was achieved by placing the PTFE molds on a level casting plate in a gravity oven (VWR removed from the PTFE molds and soaked in de-ionized (DI) water (18.2 M cm) to extract any residual

  10. FT-ICR Study of Precursor Clusters of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    vaporization of Ni/Co and Ni/Y doped graphite samples used for the macroscopic laser-oven production of SWNTs production techniques. Experiment The FT-ICR mass spectrometer and chemical reaction system implemented gas was injected to the nozzle. In the atmosphere of helium gas, vaporized atoms condensed to clusters

  11. The NRAO Green Bank Site is a unique resource for Radio Astronomy. We are located in the National Radio Quiet Zone (NRQZ) which provides protection from permanent, fixed, licensed transmitter services. Our location,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    to avoid strong broadband emissions from spark plugs. We also instruct tourists to leave their Gameboys, particularly those that have particularly strong emissions, such as microwave ovens, and those that need at home or powered off and in your car. · Use electronic equipment as necessary, but please power it off

  12. C:~1oago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ) C:~1oago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery sablefish, rockfish, sole, lingcod, an.d more recPIltly, shark. These and ma:'1V others are available fresh, ' U. S. Departrilent of thp. Interior, Chicago 54, Illinois. #12;Oven~Fried Shark 2 po;].nds soupfin

  13. Multiple species atom source for laser-cooling experiments C. A. Stana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pressure in the reservoir. The relation between the flux and the vapor pressure is linear as long as the vapor pressure is low enough that the flow through the oven nozzle is molecular. Equivalently, the mean free path at the vapor pressure is bigger than the nozzle size. Operation beyond the linear regime

  14. Low-energy charge transfer for collisions of Si3+ with atomic hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savin, Daniel Wolf

    Low-energy charge transfer for collisions of Si3+ with atomic hydrogen H. Bruhns,* H. Kreckel hydrogen oven as a target, were limited to collision energies above about 50 keV/u 7 . At these energetic 2008; published 19 June 2008 Cross sections of charge transfer for Si3+ ions with atomic hydrogen

  15. Reducing Your Risk of Foodborne Illness at Home 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nutrition, Food and

    2008-12-17

    oven, this will partially cook the food. If you thaw food in the microwave, cook it immediately. ? Keep all work surfaces and cutting boards clean. Wash them with hot, soapy water and sanitize them after each use. You can make your own sanitizing...

  16. MSU Family & Graduate Housing Rental Rates Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable housing for students with families, single graduates, upper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    .), dishes, cookware, etc. **Tenants are responsible for gas and electricity** Animals / pets are NOT ALLOWED, a self-cleaning oven with a timer, carpet, and have recently been remodeled. Wired/wireless Resnet-in for one reserved parking stall. Tenants are responsible for utilities** All units are unfurnished Wired/wireless

  17. ATTACHMENT 6 Crosslinkingof CelluloseAcetate with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayan, Ramani

    and washed twice more with watexacetone as above. Finally the gels were filtered, dried, and dried over P205, only catalytic amounts of triflic acid would be required to form crosslinks. Triflic anhydride, NY; viscosity (ASTM-A): 25 s; 4058 acetyl] was dried overnight in a vacuum oven over phosphorus

  18. Synthesis of MCM-48 single crystals Ji Man Kim, Seong Kyun Kim and Ryong Ryoo*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ji Man

    . The product was then slurried in EtOH­HCl, filtered, washed with EtOH, dried in an oven, and calcined in air of MCM-41 from a diffusional and catalytic point of view. However, surprisingly little research has been

  19. PHYSICS DIVISION ESH BULLETIN 2004-01 1/5/04 OFFICES, SAFETY GUIDELINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    __ Coffee pots must have timers __ No toasters, toaster ovens or other infrared heating devices. Microwaves acceptable __ Ergonomically correct keyboard, desk, chair and monitor. __ Chair casters appropriate, floor mat used as needed for asbestos floor tiles __ Emergency stickers on phones with office number

  20. Suslick Group Responsibilities Effective 11/21/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    , Catalog Files Nasrin (*, 1) Mass Flow Controllers Jackie Rankin (*, 1) Microscope John Sander (*, 1) NMR Ovens Nitin Neelakantan (**, 3) Waste Disposal Zhi Su, Zheng Li, Qifan Zhang (*, 1) Water Purification: Maintain Catalog files. Microscope: Routine Maintenance as needed. N2 Line: Arrange for replacement

  1. Determination of Total Solids and Ash in Algal Biomass: Laboratory Analytical Procedure (LAP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Wychen, S.; Laurens, L. M. L.

    2013-12-01

    This procedure describes the methods used to determine the amount of moisture or total solids present in a freeze-dried algal biomass sample, as well as the ash content. A traditional convection oven drying procedure is covered for total solids content, and a dry oxidation method at 575?C is covered for ash content.

  2. The Cutting Edge of Modernity: Machine Tools in the United States and Germany 1930-1945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ristuccia, Cristiano A.; Tooze, J. Adam

    2004-06-16

    and that for December 1933.16 15 From 1930 the inventories also provided an increasing coverage on auxiliary metal-working plant equipment (heat treating, material handling, foundry equipment, finishing... into ovens), air compressors, oil extracting machines (from metal chips), parts washing machines, drying machines, pickling machines, tumbling barrels, sand blast equipment, spraying systems, portable welding outfits, portable tools (drills, grinders, power...

  3. Drying Fruits and Vegetables at Home. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putnam, Peggy H.

    1981-01-01

    Methods Sun (solar) heaters and dehydrators. Or dryers some times are used to dry foods. They can be made fairly easily at various costs. SUD heatets are effective when drying foods requiring humidity or when drying s'mall lots of food. Dehydrators... ............. ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Drying Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sun-Drying .................................................... 3 Oven...

  4. Energy conservation and efficiency in Giprokoks designs at Ukrainian ferrous-metallurgical enterprises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.I. Fal'kov [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15

    Energy conditions at Ukrainian ferrous-metallurgical enterprises are analyzed. Measures to boost energy conservation and energy efficiency are proposed: specifically, the introduction of systems for dry slaking of coke; and steam-gas turbines that employ coke-oven gas or a mixture of gases produced at metallurgical enterprises. Such turbines may be built from Ukrainian components.

  5. National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .2 Coal, other plants 99 1.3 Brown coal briquettes and Coke oven coke 100 1.4 Petroleum coke 100 1.5 Wood correspondence list 94 Appendix 4 Emission factors, references 96 1 SO2 97 1.1 Coal, large power plants 97 1

  6. Cuttp. Biochem. Phlsiol.. VoL 6lL 1tp.19 to 22 @ Pergatwn Press Ltd 1978. Prinle.l itr Grtal Brilain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, Helene

    after being speared for food by Aboriginal dugong hunters at Mornington Island in the Gulf of Car in a vacuum oven (40'C) over P2O5 for 4 hr before being allowed to cool to room temperature and finally

  7. RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Alex D.

    RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR By SCOTT RUSSELL WAITUKAITIS A Thesis Submitted: #12;Abstract I describe a study of Faraday rotation in a hot lithium vapor. I begin by dis- cussing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 The Lithium Oven and Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 Theoretical Framework

  8. Saturday: Lasagna and potato wedges prep time: 30mins Cooking time: 1 hr Items: 1 ice-cream container and 1 yoghurt container of white sauce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainudiin, Raazesh

    Saturday: Lasagna and potato wedges prep time: 30mins Cooking time: 1 hr Items: 1 ice-cream container and 1 yoghurt container of white sauce 2 ice-cream containers of meat mixture 1 yoghurt container! If you want it to cook in time, DON"T OPEN THE OVEN!) The potato wedges are already cooked, so spread

  9. 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF BAOTOU EARTHQUAKE DAMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., Billie F.

    frame gallery (west) of No. 5 coke oven system of BISC. It acted in the violation of the national, water towers, bridges, substations, gas holders, open-hearth furnaces and reservoirs etc, 50% of them and heat supplying pipe networks, as well as gas pipelines for the municipal utilities. Damages

  10. University of Toronto Office of Environmental Health and Safety Job Safety Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Hue Sun

    Substances Acrylonitrile Arsenic Asbestos Benzene Coke Oven Emissions Ethylene Oxide Isocyanates Lead Mercury Exposure (inhalation, skin absorption) Compressed Gas Asbestos and other insulation material Designated-out/tag-out) Utility lines (e.g. natural gas) Cold Stress/ Working in Cold Environment Confined Space / Restricted

  11. Simulating the energy savings potential in domestic heating scenarios in Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and ventilation, as well as the heat gains due to internal gains, solar gains and the heating system. In Section 5 dependent) is a banana #12;2 cake taken out of the oven and left to cool down in the kitchen. Energy

  12. DIALOGUE DISCOVERY DESIGN DEVELOPMENT DISSEMINATION Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    launched over a decade ago when box ovens, heated by solar thermal energy, were developed for Tanzanian Solar-thermal fruit dehydrator for the Childcare and Nutrition Center in Panyebar, Guatemala #12-enterprise at the Childcare and Nutrition Center in Panyebar, Guatemala, based on a solar-thermal structure that dehydrates

  13. Cover Sheet for Supporting Information (SI) Simulation of aromatic SOA formation using the lumping model integrated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ). The GC oven temperature was fixed at 110 °C and the carrier gas (nitrogen) flow rate was 10.0 mL min-1 measured using Temp/RH sensors (Campbellscientific, CS215-L) for both chambers. The solar UV radiation

  14. 2006:InstitutodeAstronoma,UNAM-ThirdInternationalMeetingofDynamicAstronomyinLatinAmerica Ed.LeopoldoInfante,MonicaRubio&SilviaTorres-Peimbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Richard B.

    ´as bien en general, (1) un pico en varias d´ecimas de una masa solar, y (2) una ley de potencias hacia estrellas masivas en medios densos. Las estrellas j´ovenes en el centro gal´actico resultan tener masas Function are, rather generally, (1) a peak at mass of a few tenths of a solar mass, and (2) a power

  15. Copyright Warning & Restrictions The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the application of the heater used in a near infrared filter working in Big Bear Solar Observatory, CA in the observation of the solar activity. The most important part of this design is to keep a relatively fixed temperature inside the oven-like heater. The reason is that optical properties of calcite (kind of filter

  16. The pure rotational spectrum of ZnO in the X1 L.N. Zack, R.L. Pulliam, L.M. Ziurys *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    zinc vapor, generated in a Broida-type oven, with N2O under DC discharge conditions. In the X1 R+ state, semiconductors, thin films, and solar cells [13­17]. Studying the fundamental properties of ZnO by spec- troscopy

  17. EOS (transactions, American Geophysical Union) Volume 90, number 43, pp. 386-387.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Stephen

    . For a typical incident solar flux of 240 watts per square meter at the snow sur- face in the Arctic during oven and immedi- ately drawn through a 0.4-micrometer Nucle- pore filter to extract the BC and other

  18. S. Guha, J. Yang, A. Banerjee, K. Hoffman, S. Sugiyama, and J. Call United Solar Systems Corp., Troy, Michigan 48084 USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    S. Guha, J. Yang, A. Banerjee, K. Hoffman, S. Sugiyama, and J. Call United Solar Systems Corp Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, Michigan 48084 USA spectral-splitting, triple-junction a-S alloy solar cell deionized water rinsing baths, and an infrared drying oven. The clean, dry and dust-free web is next loaded

  19. Phys. Status Solidi A (2012) Supporting Information 1 Supporting Information for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grandidier, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Phys. Status Solidi A (2012) ­ Supporting Information 1 Supporting Information for: "Solar cell November 2012 Keywords resonant dielectric structures, solar cells, nanospheres, photovoltaics, photonic in an oven for 5 minutes at 110 °C and dried under vacuum overnight. To 25 mL toluene in a 50 mL round

  20. tice sites of calcium carbonate and affect Mars' soil geochemistry, and calcium carbonate can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounaves, Samuel P.

    the mass of sample in the oven is not tightly constrained. We estimate that this error is on the order solar day has a mean period of 24 hours 39 min 35.244 s and is referred to as a sol to distinguish this from a ~3% shorter solar day on Earth. 21. W. L. Lindsay, Chemical Equilibria in Soils (Blackburn Press

  1. ARTEMIS Summary Plots for J.S. Halekas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ;Caveats · Ion beam is oVen not perfectly resolved ­ Proton temperature moment no good in solar wind, iffy in magnetosheath, okay in magnetosphere panel) ­ Fit quanGGes good to factor of ~2 or beXer in solar wind ­ Fits

  2. [D@ kA:.6s] Gerard Nolst Trenite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Il "kwaI.@] Woven, oven, how and low, ["w@Uv@n "2v@n "haU @nd "l@U] Script, receipt, shoe, poem, toe, ["seIm Ig"zæmInIN b2t "maInIN] Scholar, vicar, and cigar, ["sk6l@ "vIk@r @nd sI"gA:] Solar, mica, war

  3. ROTATIONAL REST FREQUENCIES FOR CrO (X 5Pr) AND CrN (X 4) P. M. Sheridan, M. A. Brewster, and L. M. Ziurys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    were created by the reac- tion of chromium vapor, produced in a Broida-type oven, with N2O or NH3 under 10À8, while the Cr/H ratio is 4:8 Â 10À7 (Savage & Sembach 1996). The solar abundance of chromium

  4. Improving the Profitability of Willow Crops--Identifying Opportunities with a Crop Budget Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    area is harvested annually [23]. Production costs are less affected by natural gas/fertilizer price. Productivity of 12 oven-dried tons (odt) ha-1 year-1 and a biomass price of $ (US dollars) 60 odt-1 results willow T. Buchholz (*) :T. A. Volk Department of Forest and Natural Resource Management, State University

  5. The Slayers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodyear, R. A. H. (Robert Arthur Hanson) [author

    2012-03-05

    the cavity for the interferometer. To protect the FFPI sensor from the harsh environment of an internal combustion engine, the FFPI element is coated with metal. The sensing element is first dipped in liquid gold and cured in an oven. Then this gold...

  6. Analysis of Bioproducts from Ultra-Low Cost Biomass Processing Lucy Cheadle, Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, MO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    countries Using the process to oven-dry wood would reduce transportation costs needed to haul the biomassAnalysis of Bioproducts from Ultra-Low Cost Biomass Processing Lucy Cheadle, Chemical Engineering of biochar product to processing variations. Possible uses for biochar: · Natural coal replacement · Soil

  7. The Development of GFRP Bridge Deck A Project Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;1+1 National Library of Canada Bibliotheque nationale du Canada Acquisitions et to the Library of The University of Manitoba to lend or seU copies of this thesislpracticum, to the National Wellington Ottawa ON K1 A. 0N4 canada The author has granted a non- exclusive licence allowing the National

  8. HURRICANE INDUCED WAVE AND SURGE FORCES ON BRIDGE DECKS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McPherson, Ronald L.

    2010-01-16

    .................................................................................... 1 Purpose ........................................................................................... 3 II PREVIOUS LITERATURE ................................................................. 6 Kaplan (1992) and Kaplan et al. (1995... ............................................................................... 49 V COMPARISON OF PREVIOUS METHODOLOGIES ...................... 50 Bea .................................................................................................. 50 Kaplan...

  9. Women in STEM -- Why We Need All Hands on Deck

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wall; Carter

    2014-06-04

    Carter Wall developed an interest in science at an early age yet struggled to find examples of women scientists and engineers beyond historical figures, like Marie Curie. A lack of relatable role-models didn't stop Carter from pursuing an undergraduate education and career rooted in STEM -- shorthand for science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields. Now, she plays a key role at one of largest solar developers in the Northeast. This is the first in the Energy Department's #WomenInStem video series. At the Energy Department, we're committed to supporting a diverse talent pool of STEM innovators ready to address the challenges and opportunities of our growing clean energy economy

  10. Microjet based noise control of supersonic jets on carrier decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragaller, Paul Aaron

    2014-01-01

    The effectiveness of ground plane water microjet control on the noise generated by a supersonic, ideally expanded, Mach 1.5, impinging jet was determined. Using a converging-diverging nozzle with a design Mach number of ...

  11. The operation results with the modified charging equipment and ignition furnace at Kwangyang No. 2 sinter plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, K.J.; Pi, Y.J.; Kim, J.R.; Lee, J.N. [POSCO, Kwangyang, Cheonnam (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-31

    There will be another blast furnace, the production capacity of which is 3.0 million tonnes per year in 1999 and mini mill plant, the production capacity of which is 1.8 million tonnes per year in 1996 at Kwangyang Works. Therefore, the coke oven gas and burnt lime will be deficient and more sinter will be needed. To meet with these situations, the authors modified the charging equipment and ignition furnace at Kwangyang No. 2 sinter plant in April 1995. After the modification of the charging equipment and ignition furnace, the consumption of burnt lime and coke oven gas could be decreased and the sinter productivity increased in spite of the reduction of burnt lime consumption. This report describes the operation results with the modification of the charging equipment and ignition furnace in No. 2 sinter plant Kwangyang works.

  12. Oxygen analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benner, W.H.

    1984-05-08

    An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N/sub 2/), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135/sup 0/C, or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135/sup 0/C as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N/sub 2/, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

  13. Facile residue analysis of recent and prehistoric cook-stones using handheld Raman spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Laura; Cao, Bin; Sinyukov, Alexander M; Joshi, Amitabh; Scully, Rob; Sanders, Virgil; Voronine, Dmitri V

    2013-01-01

    We performed food residue analysis of cook-stones from experimental and prehistoric earth ovens using a handheld Raman spectrometry. Progress in modern optical technology provides a facile means of rapid non-destructive identification of residue artifacts from archaeological sites. For this study spectral signatures were obtained on sotol (Dasylirion spp.) experimentally baked in an earth oven as well as sotol residue on an experimentally used processing tool. Inulin was the major residue component. The portable handheld Raman spectrometer also detected traces of inulin on boiling stones used to boil commercially obtained inulin. The Raman spectra of inulin and sotol may be useful as signatures of wild plant residues in archaeology. Spectroscopic analysis of millennia-old cook-stones from prehistoric archaeological sites in Fort Hood, TX revealed the presence of residues whose further identification requires improvement of current optical methods.

  14. Plasma density from Cerenkov radiation, betatron oscillations, and beam steering in a plasma wakefield experiment at 30 GeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Catravas, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.; Assmann, R.; Decker, F.-J.; Hogan, M.J.; Iverson, R.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.; Whittum, D.; Blue, B.; Clayton, C.; Joshi, C.; Marsh, K.; Mori, W.B.; Wang, S.; Katsouleas, T.; Lee, S.; Muggli, P.

    2001-01-01

    A method for using Cerenkov radiation near atomic spectral lines to measure plasma source properties for plasma wakefield applications has been discussed and experimentally verified. Because the radiation co-propagates with the electron beam, the radiation samples the source properties exactly along the path of interest with perfect temporal synchronization. Observation wavelengths were chosen with respect to the atomic resonances of the plasma source, where the relative change in the index of refraction strongly affects the Cerenkov cone angle, and permits flexible diagnostic design. The Cerenkov spatial profiles were systematically studied for a Lithium heat pipe oven as a function of oven temperature and observation wavelength. Neutral densities and plasma densities were extracted from the measurements.

  15. Hot conditioning equipment conceptual design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradshaw, F.W., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-06

    This report documents the conceptual design of the Hot Conditioning System Equipment. The Hot conditioning System will consist of two separate designs: the Hot Conditioning System Equipment; and the Hot Conditioning System Annex. The Hot Conditioning System Equipment Design includes the equipment such as ovens, vacuum pumps, inert gas delivery systems, etc.necessary to condition spent nuclear fuel currently in storage in the K Basins of the Hanford Site. The Hot Conditioning System Annex consists of the facility of house the Hot Conditioning System. The Hot Conditioning System will be housed in an annex to the Canister Storage Building. The Hot Conditioning System will consist of pits in the floor which contain ovens in which the spent nuclear will be conditioned prior to interim storage.

  16. Improved energy efficiency by use of the new ultraviolet light radiation paint curing process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grosset, A.M.; Su, W.-F.A.

    1984-08-01

    In product finishing lines, ultraviolet radiation curing of paints on prefabricated structures is more energy efficient than curing by natural gas fired ovens, and could eliminate solvent emission. The replacement of a conventional natural gas fired oven by an ultraviolet radiation curing line for paint curing could save quadrillions of joules per year for each finishing line. In this program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Programs, two photoinduced polymerizations, via free radical or cationic mechanisms, were considered in the formulation of UV curable paints. The spectral output of radiation sources was chosen so as to complement the absorption spectra of pigments and photoactive agents; thus highly pigmented thick films could be cured fully by UV radiation. One coat enamels, topcoats, and primers have been developed which can be applied on three dimensional objects by spraying and can be cured by passing through a tunnel containing UV lamps.

  17. Moisture absorption and bakeout characteristics of rigid-flexible multilayer printed wiring boards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.W.

    1991-01-01

    Moisture absorption and bakeout characteristics of Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD) rigid-flexible printed wiring boards were determined. It was found that test specimens had absorbed 0.95 weight percent moisture when equilibrated to a 50 percent RH, 25{degree}C environment. Heating those equilibrated specimens in a 120{degree}C static air oven removed 92 percent of this absorbed moisture in 24 h. Heating the samples in a 80{degree}C static air oven removed only 64 percent of the absorbed moisture at the end of 24 h. A 120{degree}C vacuum bake removed moisture at essentially the same rate with parylene slowed the absorption rate by approximately 50 percent but did not appreciably affect the equilibrium moisture content or the drying rate.

  18. Compact and high-particle-flux thermal-lithium-beam probe system for measurement of two-dimensional electron density profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shibata, Y. Manabe, T.; Ohno, N.; Takagi, M.; Kajita, S.; Tsuchiya, H.; Morisaki, T.

    2014-09-15

    A compact and high-particle-flux thermal-lithium-beam source for two-dimensional measurement of electron density profiles has been developed. The thermal-lithium-beam oven is heated by a carbon heater. In this system, the maximum particle flux of the thermal lithium beam was ?4 × 10{sup 19} m{sup ?2} s{sup ?1} when the temperature of the thermal-lithium-beam oven was 900 K. The electron density profile was evaluated in the small tokamak device HYBTOK-II. The electron density profile was reconstructed using the thermal-lithium-beam probe data and this profile was consistent with the electron density profile measured with a Langmuir electrostatic probe. We confirm that the developed thermal-lithium-beam probe can be used to measure the two-dimensional electron density profile with high time and spatial resolutions.

  19. Procedure and Application for Determining the Cold Deck and Hot Deck Airflow in a Dual-Duct System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Mingsheng, L.

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduces an innovative method to determine the cold and hot airflow through a dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) system. The actual building load can be identified based on the calculated airflow and temperature for both the cold...

  20. Fabrication procedure effects on fatigue resistance of rib -to-deck welded joints of steel orthotropic bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Hyoung-Bo

    2010-01-01

    International Orthotropic Bridge Conference (CD-ROM),fatigue evaluation of steel bridges. ” International Journalfor the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge rehabilitation. ” Journal of

  1. The new Kaiserstuhl coking plant: The heating system -- Design, construction and initial operating experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strunk, J.

    1996-12-31

    At the end of 1992 the new coke plant Kaiserstuhl in Dortmund/Germany with presently the largest coke ovens world-wide started its production operation in close linkage to the Krupp-Hoesch Metallurgical Works after about 35 months construction time. This plant incorporating comprehensive equipment geared to improve environmental protection is also considered as the most modern coke plant of the world. The heating-system and first results of operation will be presented.

  2. Cyanide treatment options in coke plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minak, H.P.; Lepke, P. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The paper discusses the formation of cyanides in coke oven gas and describes and compares waste processing options. These include desulfurization by aqueous ammonia solution, desulfurization using potash solution, desulfurization in oxide boxes, decomposition of NH{sub 3} and HCN for gas scrubbing. Waste water treatment methods include chemical oxidation, precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and biological treatment. It is concluded that biological treatment is the most economical process, safe in operation and requires a minimum of manpower.

  3. Connect the Dots Engineering Challenge Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    /Competition ESB Atrium Matt Asher 3:00 p.m. Build a Solar Oven G-3 ESB Halle Virgin 5:00 p.m. Cookout/Field Day Presentation Discussion G-3 ESB Matt Asher 12:00 p.m. Lunch Towers Cafeteria 1:00 p.m. Rocket Design and Build.m. Glider Build and Competition Courtyard Halle Virgin 11 a.m. Rube Goldberg Design G-3 ESB Matt Asher 12 p

  4. Sustainability Focused Engineering Challenge Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    .m. Solar Power Introduction 211 ESB Day Time Counselors 9:30 a.m. Solar Tracker Build 211 ESB Dakota Kirby:00 p.m. Lunch Towers Cafeteria 1:00 p.m. Solar Oven Design and Build G-84 ESB Daytime Counselors 2:30 p.m. Presentation from Solar House Team G-84 ESB Solar House Team 3:00 p.m. Passive Solar Heater Build Courtyard

  5. Sustainability Engineering Challenge Camp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Towers Cafeteria 1:00 p.m. Build your Own Solar Cell G-3 Matt Asher 3:00 p.m. Build a Solar Oven ESB.m. Design Project- Build Boats ESB Atrium 12:00 p.m. Lunch Towers Cafeteria 1:00 p.m. Boat Race Courtyard Evening Counselors 11:00 p.m. Lights Out Brooke Tower Tuesday, July 9, 2013 SOLAR ENERGY DAY Time Activity

  6. Trend, Ramtohul and Stoltz. Supporting Information S1 Oxidative Cyclizations in a Nonpolar Solvent Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    Oxidative Cyclization of 1. Palladium source and additive optimization reactions shown in Tables 1 and S1. A thick-walled oven-dried 25 mL 15 cm-long tube equipped with magnetic stir bar was charged with powdered molecular sieves (MS3Å, 125 mg, 500 mg MS3Å/mmol substrate), palladium source (0.0125 mmol, 0.05 equiv

  7. Method of sintering ceramic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.

    1992-11-17

    A method for sintering ceramic materials is described. A ceramic article is coated with layers of protective coatings such as boron nitride, graphite foil, and niobium. The coated ceramic article is embedded in a container containing refractory metal oxide granules and placed within a microwave oven. The ceramic article is heated by microwave energy to a temperature sufficient to sinter the ceramic article to form a densified ceramic article having a density equal to or greater than 90% of theoretical density. 2 figs.

  8. Improvement of Oak-Dominated Rangeland with Tebuthiuron and Prescribed Burning. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scifres, Charles j.; Stuth, Jerry W.; Koerth, Ben H.

    1987-01-01

    Page 'in ?Origbla11JuUetiBl ' ~. " .. ! 1. , :,' ';':' \\ . f" J.: , Improvement of Oak-Dominated Rangeland with Tebuthiuron and Prescribed Burning Authors CHARLES J. SCIFRES, Thomas M. O'Connor Professor Texas Agricultural Experiment Station... samples to 8 cm deep were collected for determination of water content. Soil and fuel sam ples were weighed wet, then oven dried at 60 degrees centigrade (DC), and reweighed. Environmental variables monitored during the burns included air...

  9. Microwave Meals in a Hurry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggard, Marilyn A.

    1981-01-01

    Bulletin] Microwave Meals in a Hurry Marilyn A. Haggard* r- Mi, Nave ovens are time-savers for many busy Texans. Used at their optimum, they can be both time and energy savers. However, optimum use takes prac tice. Beginners should allow plenty... foods are being defrosted or cooked. Cook foods that require the same temperature set ting together. It makes preparation faster and saves energy. Study the following examples of organization and planning for microwave meals. Breakfast Orange...

  10. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 56175638, 2014 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/acp-14-5617-2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    .2 Industry Combustion Coal/Boiler, Kilns Liu et al. (2008), 1185 1185 1701.2 Coke Oven Blast Furnace Gas/Boiler 5 217 297.7 Biofuel/Boiler Tsai et al. (2003), Liu et al. (2008), Wang et al. (2009), 1167, 4420.8 Printing Cleaning Gasoline Solvent Liu et al. (2008), 1195 1022 430.3 Residential Combustion Coal/Boiler

  11. LITHIUM PLASMA SOURCES FOR ACCELERATION AND FOCUSING OF ULTRA-RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON BEAMSi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    beam focusing (plasma lens). The Li vapor with a density in the 2×1015 cm-3 range is produced in a heat-pipe by heating the Li to around 750°C. The Li vapor column is produced in a heat-pipe oven [5] (Fig. 1). The hot Li vapor is confined to the heated central part of the heat-pipe by the room temperature He buffer

  12. Methods for alleviating the photoelastic material situation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Darol Duane

    1956-01-01

    and G. D. Hallmark, Committee members, for their support and encouragement. The writer is also indebted to Drs. J. G. Potter and J. Q. Hays, Representatives of the Graduate Council, for their many constructive criticisms; to Pro fessors J. G. H.... , who, through Mr. M. E. Adams, D istrict Manager, Lone Star Gas Co., Bryan, Texas, contributed the heat resistant glass used in the construction of the stress freezing oven; and to the many industrial establishments for their ready aid...

  13. Semiconductor junction formation by directed heat

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Robert B. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1988-03-24

    The process of the invention includes applying precursors 6 with N- and P-type dopants therein to a silicon web 2, with the web 2 then being baked in an oven 10 to drive off excessive solvents, and the web 2 is then heated using a pulsed high intensity light in a mechanism 12 at 1100.degree.-1150.degree. C. for about 10 seconds to simultaneously form semiconductor junctions in both faces of the web.

  14. Size distribution measurement of fine and ultrafine particle emission from cooking Evelyne Ghina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) for particle with diameter between d and (d+dd) including emission rate of the source, nucleation, re-suspension meat or fish lead to a total mean equivalent emission rate of (9±6)×1010 s-1 while cooking meat or fish in an oven lead to total mean equivalent emission rate of (9±4)×1010 s-1 . Cooking pasta or heat the stove

  15. Supplemental Material Isoquinoline-based analogs of the cancer drug clinical candidate tipifarnib as anti-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelb, Michael

    .62 mL, 14.2 mmol) and catalytic ZnI2 in dry CH2Cl2 (60 mL) under an atmosphere of nitrogen was washed with additional THF and again filtered. The combined filtrates were dried over Na2SO4, filtered an atmosphere of dry nitrogen in oven dried glassware and were monitored for completeness by thin layer

  16. Method of sintering ceramic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1992-01-01

    A method for sintering ceramic materials is described. A ceramic article is coated with layers of protective coatings such as boron nitride, graphite foil, and niobium. The coated ceramic article is embedded in a container containing refractory metal oxide granules and placed within a microwave oven. The ceramic article is heated by microwave energy to a temperature sufficient to sinter the ceramic article to form a densified ceramic article having a density equal to or greater than 90% of theoretical density.

  17. A comparative study of certain biological phenomena of a resistant and a susceptible strain of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boheman 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, John G

    1961-01-01

    AND MATERIALS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 20 A. Life History Studies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 1) Stook cultures 2) Removal of eggs ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 3) Artifioial diet . 4) Sterilisation techniques. 5) Egg transfer. ~ ~ ~ ~ o o . 20..., which remained on the petri dishes until the adults emerged. 23 ill petri dishes and lids were dry-sterilised by heating them in an oven at a temperature of 180 C. for two hours prior to use. To prevent contamination after sterilization, the dishes...

  18. Cooperative Efforts to Introduce New Environmental Control Technologies to Industry- A Case Study for Brayton Cycle Heat Pump Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enneking, J. C.

    1991-01-01

    TO INTRODUCE NEW ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES TO INDUSTRY - A CASE STUDY FOR BRAYTON CYCLE HEAT PUMP TECHNOLOGY JOSEPH C. ENNEKING Vice President NUCON International, Inc. Columbus, ABSTRACT New environmental control technologies are rare... it entered the expander. Relatively clean air was returned to an oven used to evaporate solvents from a tape coating operation. 123 COOPERATIVE EFFORTS TO INTRODUCE NEW ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES TO INDUSTRY A CASE STUDY FOR BRAYTON CYCLE HEAT...

  19. Recovering Energy From Ventilation and Process Airstreams 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheney, W. A.

    1986-01-01

    high efficiency filter to strip contaminant from the air so cleaned air can be recirculated. This requires air cleaners that have high effi ciency removal or particulate in the respir able fraction range (electrostatic or HEPA filters... significantly reducing the relative humidity in the sol vent-drying oven. The difference in profit between oper ating a condensing system and an after burner to meet pollution codes is often several thousand dollars per day. Payback of a condenser...

  20. Priorities in the design of chemical shops at coke plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.I. Rudyka; Y.E. Zingerman; V.V. Grabko; L.A. Kazak [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15

    Recent trends in the design of chemical equipment at coke plants are described, through the lens of experience at Giprokoks. The main priorities were to improve the removal of impurities from coke oven gas; to improve equipment design on the basis of new materials; to reduce reagent consumption; to reduce the materials and energy consumed in the construction of new equipment; and to minimize impacts on the environment and worker health. Some technological equipment is briefly characterized.

  1. A review of "The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation: Glory, Laud and Honour." by Graham Parry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanwood, P. G.

    2007-01-01

    takes up his theme in a series of interrelated and occasionally overlapping chapters: Church architec- ture; the renovation of cathedrals?especially Durham, St. Paul?s, and Canter- bury (but with special attention also to Laud?s own chapel at Lambeth... of the renovation, con- struction, and decoration of college chapels, and particularly of glass-making in this period. Clear glass was painted with various devotional scenes and saintly figures, then ?annealed,? or oven-fired. Notable artisans employing...

  2. Low Carbon Electricity Investment: The Limitations of Traditional Approaches and a Radical Alternative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laing, Tim; Grubb, Michael

     smelter relocates to a country where the electricity is  predominantly  from  coal  (India,  China  or  Australia  for  example),  then  there  would be leakage of emissions.   Aluminium production Industrial gases Other inorganic basic chemicals Paper and Paperboard Coke Oven Cement Basic Iron and Steel...   transportation  would  help  to  reduce  demand  for  diminishing  conventional  oil  supplies.  Both  of  these  technologies  could  dramatically  cut  greenhouse  gas  emissions,  but  only  if  there  is  a  low  or  zero  carbon...

  3. The development of a sensitive method to study volatile organic compounds in gaseous emissions of lung cancer cell lines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroly, Anupam

    2005-08-29

    ]. Workers exposed to tar and soot (which contains benzo[a]pyrene), such as coke oven workers, [7, 8] in concentrations exceeding those present in urban air are at increased risk of lung cancer. Occupational exposures to a number of metals, including... detection of lung cancer. Tests involved the quantitation of gaseous metabolic emissions from immortalized lung cancer cell lines in order to correlate the chemical markers to be of cancerous origin. The specific aims of the project were the study of gas...

  4. Health and environmental effects document for direct coal liquefaction - 1981.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mellinger, P.J.; Wilson, B.W.; Mahlum, D.D.; Sever, L.E.; Olsen, A.R.

    1982-09-01

    This document presents initial estimates of potential human health effects from inhalation of nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC) that may be released from a future hypothetical industry producing about 600,000 bb1/day of synthetic fuel by direct liquefaction of coal. The assessment approach starts wth general assumptions that are then refined in a tiered sequence that considers available epidemiological, environmental and chemical data. The uncertainties involved in such an evaluation have been quantified where possible at this early stage of health risk analysis. Many surrogate data bases were considered for application to coal liquefaction including coke oven, British gas retort, roofing tar and asphalts, and cigarette smoke. The coke oven data base was selected for this assessment because the chemical and physical nature of coke oven emissions are judged to more closely approximate potential coal liquefaction emissions. Utilizing the extensive epidemiological data base for coke oven workers as a surrogate model, health effects from release of coal liquefaction NMHC may be quantified. This method results in estimates of about 1 x 10/sup -3/ excess cancer deaths/yr to an industrial work force of 7800 persons and 5 x 10/sup -2/ excess cancer deaths/yr in the U.S. population as a whole from NMHC that boil above 600/sup 0/F. Sources of uncertainty in the estimates are listed. Using these uncertainties, it is estimated that from 2 x 10/sup -4/ to 5 x 10/sup -3/ lung cancer deaths/yr may occur in the industrial work force and from 1 x 10/sup -2/ to 2.5 x 10/sup -1/ lung cancer deaths/yr in the U.S. population as a whole. On an individual basis, the excess lifetime risk to occupationally exposed workers is estimated to be 500 times greater than to members of the U.S. public.

  5. Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Soils of Ultramafic Origin from the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe and Gillespie County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bangira, Courage

    2012-02-14

    ) and dithionite-citrate (DC). .... 89 5.3 X-ray diffraction patterns of the clay (< 2 ?m) fraction from a soil profile .???????????????????????? 92 5.4 Fourier transform infrared pattern of the oven-dry clay (< 2 ?m... (2-50 ?m) from the A1, Bt and Cr horizons.... .......................................................................... 99 5.8 SEM images of pure chlorite in the sand fraction of the A1 horizon (a and b), and coarse...

  6. The effect of sulphur on the growth and chemical composition of tomato plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burleson, Charles A

    1950-01-01

    of sulphate snd ohloride in ths plant material and the total oontent of sulphate~ oaloium, and ohloride, Total absorption of nitro gen, magma%un, potassium, phosphate, and sodium sere not affeoted signifioantly by the interaotion of tine and treatments... 20 Analysis of Varianoe i'or ths Yield of Oven~ Plant I8atsrial ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 16 30 Effeot of Sulphur Treatment on the Conoentration and Total Absorption of Sulphate ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 17...

  7. Making the Connection Between Water and Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S.LeadershipLumiledsofEnergyProgressa Solar Oven

  8. VACASULF operation at Citizens Gas and Coke Utility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Currey, J.H. [Citizens Gas and Coke Utility, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    1995-12-01

    Citizens Gas and Coke Utility is a Public Charitable Trust which operates as the Department of Utilities of the City of Indianapolis, Indiana. Indianapolis Coke, the trade name for the Manufacturing Division of the Utility, operates a by-products coke plant in Indianapolis, Indiana. The facility produces both foundry and blast furnace coke. Surplus Coke Oven gas, generated by the process, is mixed with Natural Gas for sale to industrial and residential customers. In anticipation of regulatory developments, beginning in 1990, Indianapolis Coke undertook the task to develop an alternate Coke Oven Gas desulfurization technology for its facility. The new system was intended to perform primary desulfurization of the gas, dramatically extending the oxide bed life, thus reducing disposal liabilities. Citizens Gas chose the VACASULF technology for its primary desulfurization system. VACASULF requires a single purchased material, Potassium Hydroxide (KOH). The KOH reacts with Carbon Dioxide in the coke Oven Gas to form Potassium Carbonate (potash) which in turn absorbs the Hydrogen Sulfide. The rich solution releases the absorbed sulfide under strong vacuum in the desorber column. Operating costs are reduced through utilization of an inherent heat source which is transferred indirectly via attendant reboilers. The Hydrogen Sulfide is transported by the vacuum pumps to the Claus Kiln and Reactor for combustion, reaction, and elemental Sulfur recovery. Regenerated potash solution is returned to the Scrubber.

  9. Production of high intensity {sup 48}Ca for the 88-Inch Cyclotron and other updates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benitez, J. Y.; Hodgkinson, A.; Lyneis, C. M. Strohmeier, M.; Thullier, T.; Todd, D.; Xie, D.; Franzen, K. Y.

    2014-02-15

    Recently the Versatile ECR for NUclear Science (VENUS) ion source was engaged in a 60-day long campaign to deliver high intensity {sup 48}Ca{sup 11+} beam to the 88-Inch Cyclotron. As the first long term use of VENUS for multi-week heavy-element research, new methods were developed to maximize oven to target efficiency. First, the tuning parameters of VENUS for injection into the cyclotron proved to be very different than those used to tune VENUS for maximum beam output of the desired charge state immediately following its bending magnet. Second, helium with no oxygen support gas was used to maximize the efficiency. The performance of VENUS and its low temperature oven used to produce the stable requested 75 e?A of {sup 48}Ca{sup 11+} beam current was impressive. The consumption of {sup 48}Ca in VENUS using the low temperature oven was checked roughly weekly, and was found to be on average 0.27 mg/h with an ionization efficiency into the 11+ charge state of 5.0%. No degradation in performance was noted over time. In addition, with the successful operation of VENUS the 88-Inch cyclotron was able to extract a record 2 p?A of {sup 48}Ca{sup 11+}, with a VENUS output beam current of 219 e?A. The paper describes the characteristics of the VENUS tune used for maximum transport efficiency into the cyclotron as well as ongoing efforts to improve the transport efficiency from VENUS into the cyclotron. In addition, we briefly present details regarding the recent successful repair of the cryostat vacuum system.

  10. Light oil yield improvement project at Granite City Division Coke/By-Product Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holloran, R.A. [National Steel Corp., Granite City, IL (United States). Granite City Div.

    1995-12-01

    Light oil removal from coke oven gas is a process that has long been proven and utilized throughout many North American Coke/By-Products Plants. The procedures, processes, and equipment requirements to maximize light oil recovery at the Granite City By-Products Plant will be discussed. The Light Oil Yield Improvement Project initially began in July, 1993 and was well into the final phase by February, 1994. Problem solving techniques, along with utilizing proven theoretical recovery standards were applied in this project. Process equipment improvements and implementation of Operator/Maintenance Standard Practices resulted in an average yield increase of 0.4 Gals./NTDC by the end of 1993.

  11. Battery operation experience at SSAB, Luleaa six years after rehabilitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrini, H.; Sundgren, M. [SSAB Tunnplaat, Luleaa (Sweden); Meyer, G. [Krupp Koppers GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    1995-12-01

    SSAB operates a coke oven plant in Luleaa, Sweden, consisting of one 7 m battery. Pushing the first coke in 1975, the battery encountered over the years more and more difficulties in keeping coking time and operation level at the design rate. In order to improve the coke supply a major repair of the battery was made. In 1989 the battery was fully rehabilitated by Krupp Koppers. The experience made during the years before and during repair contributed to a new policy for the operation of the plant. The policy has led to considerable improvements. It is clear that it is possible to successfully operate a rehabilitated battery.

  12. Watson Gourmet (2nd edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1969-01-01

    baking. Bake in a moderately hot oven (325°), 10 minutes. EASY DIVINITY MIS. Fay Talley 1 pkg. flavored gelatin 1 c. chopped nuts 1/2 c. grated coconut 3 c. sugar 3/4 c. light com sytup 3/4 c. water 2 egg whites Grease a 9 inch square pan thoroughly... in the nuts and coconut. Quickly pour into pan. Divinity cuts more satisfactorily if you keep dipping your knife into hot water during the cutting process. Makes 5 dozen pieces. OKLAHOMA POPCORN BALLS Shit ley Hastings 3/4 tsp. salt 1/4 c. butter or oleo 3...

  13. Adhesion and the Surface Energy Components of Natural Minerals and Aggregates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Clint Matthew

    2011-10-21

    with reverse osmosis water to remove large particles and then with distilled water. The minerals were then placed in an oven (Fisher Isotemp 200 series) at 75-80?C for at least one day. The samples were then allowed to cool for one hour and then were carried... component of the surface energy of the mineral, ?MineralWat is the equilibrium film pressure of water vapor on the solid, ?TotalWat is the total surface tension of water vapor, ??LWWat is the dispersive component of water vapor, ???Wat is the base...

  14. Analysis of radium-226 concentrations in environmental samples using a Ge(Li) detector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, Roger L

    1977-01-01

    described in the HASL manual ( 20). Because the samples were often moist and the moisture interfered with the ashing process, all vegeta- tion samples were placed in a 3, 000 milliliter beaker and dried for 24 hours in an oven. The dried samples were... the Minimum Detectable Levels were taken from the HASL manual (22). 34 TABLE 3 Minimum Detectable Levels (MDL) of Radium-Z26 in Environmental Samples ~Sam le Containment Vessel MDL Soil Glass Beaker 0. 07 pCi/g Vegetation Glass Beaker 0. 01 p...

  15. Transpiration and water use by cotton plants as affected by the soil application of fatty alcohols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, Frederick Milton

    1963-01-01

    on tz snspl: ' icn cont~ oi is almost non-existent for cotton. The reseat'ch zepo 'ted berin is one. pa. -. of a joint resea h program which is being conducred by t?e Texas Agriculcur=l Experimen Station and the Procter and Gamble Company fo. de... the fatty alcohols were incuba ed in moist soil for the pre- scribed length of time, the soil was dried in an oven, pulverized by grind- ing, placed in marked containers, and shipped to lfr. heal Thompson, of The Procter and Gamble Company (Pecos, Texas...

  16. Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Bryan W.; Garcia, Monica L.

    1999-07-26

    problems can stem from a number of common sources?automo- biles, furnaces, water heaters, fireplaces, wood stoves, charcoal grills, gas ranges, space heaters and portable generators. Serious problems can develop when these appliances are not in good working... from one type to another without proper knowledge, skills and tools. 3 Never use a gas range, oven or clothes dryer for heating your home. 3 Never operate unvented gas-burning appli- ances, such as kerosene or natural gas space heaters, in a closed room...

  17. Firm develops own EMS built on Apple computer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pospisil, R.

    1982-04-05

    Firestone Fibers and Textile Co. programmed a $2000 desktop Apple II computer and special electronic panels designed by the engineering staff to perform process control and other energy-management functions. The system should reduce natural gas consumption 40% and save the company up to $75,000 a year by reducing the amount of hot air exhausted from fabric-treating ovens. The system can be expanded to control lights and space-conditioning equipment. The company is willing to negotiate with other firms to market the panels. The Apple II was chosen because it has a high capacity for data acquisition and testing and because of the available software. (DCK)

  18. Yeast Breads: Made at Home. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reasonover, Frances

    1971-01-01

    ~rc,~wd 1 pound loaf pans. Let rise until doubled. pit ,it 400? I;. about 50 minutes. When loaves shrink .nm s~des of pan, are a golden brown and give a hol- 1~ sound when tapped, the bread is done. As soon I \\ lalres are taken from the oven, turn... wanted, remove dough from refrigerator and punch down. Mold at once in any desired shape. Or, if preferred, let dough stand in warm room an hour before molding. Place in greased pans and let rise until doubled in size, about 1 hour. Bake at 425' F...

  19. Normal coordinate analysis of trimethyl-antimony oxide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Wayne A

    1974-01-01

    line from a Coherent Radiati. on model 52 argon ion laser. Pre aration of S ectrosco ic Sam les (a) rid-infrared spectra Mid-infrared spectra were recorded for sample. prepared in KI pellets. The KI was finely ground and dried in an oven... and using the 5145 A line of an argon laser. Results (a) Spectra Figures 1 and 2 show the mid-infrared spectra of trimethylantimony oxide and trimethylantimony oxide-d recorded as solids in potassium iodide 9 pellets. Figures 3 and 4 show the spectra...

  20. Fluorescent Reagents to Improve the Analytical Infrastructure of Capillary Electrophoretic Separations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ming-Chien

    2012-07-16

    .11 Reaction scheme for making (AcO)2-DAAPS ................................................. 27 xi 2.12 LC-MS analysis of the AcO2-DAA and 1,3-propane sultone reaction mixture after 7 minutes of heating in a microwave oven. (a) TIC, (b) UV.... ................................................................................................ 35 2.22 Reaction scheme for making Me2HEG2-DAAPS (FL) .................................... 35 2.23 RP-HPLC analysis of HEG2-DAAPS and the reaction mixture of Me2HEG2-DAAPS. (Insert: UV absorbance spectra of HEG2-DAAPS...

  1. Response of Camphorweed and Associated Vegetation to Herbicides and Prescibed Burning. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutz, J.L.; Scifres, C.J.; Hanselka, C.W.

    1981-01-01

    . Immediately prior to burning, standin fine fuel (sta B ing crop plus mulch) in ten, 0.25-m sampling a r2& equidistantly spaced along the permanent lines, f i harvested to ground level and the mulch collena,. Because of freezing weather prior to sampling..., all stand- ing fine fuel was dead. All fuel samples were sealed in metal cans, air-dried for 48 hours at 65" C, and weighed. Oven-dry water content of soil was f'r- rmined on ten samples recovered from 0 to 8, 8 to and 15 to 30 cm deep from...

  2. Strength and drying shrinkage of slag paste activated by sodium carbonate and reactive MgO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Fei; Gu, Kai; Al-Tabbaa, Abir

    2015-02-21

    products and the microstructure were followed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). 6 2. Materials and Methods The GGBS used in this study, with a hydraulic index of 1.6 according to [22... to [24] at the curing age 7 of 1, 3, 7, 28 and 90 days. Then the crushed samples were ground and stored in acetone for 3 days to arrest the hydration and then vacuum dried for ?3 days followed by oven drying at 60 °C before microstructural analysis...

  3. Results of Active Test of Uranium-Plutonium Co-denitration Facility at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Numao, Teruhiko; Nakayashiki, Hiroshi; Arai, Nobuyuki; Miura, Susumu; Takahashi, Yoshiharu [Denitration Section, Plant Operation Dept., Reprocessing Plant, Reprocessing Business Division, Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited Rokkasho-mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori-ken (Japan); Nakamura, Hironobu; Tanaka, Izumi [Technical Support Dept., Reprocessing Plant, Reprocessing Business Division, Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited Rokkasho-mura, Kamikita-gun, Aomori-ken (Japan)

    2007-07-01

    In the U-Pu co-denitration facility at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP), Active Test which composes of 5 steps was performed by using uranium-plutonium nitrate solution that was extracted from spent fuels. During Active Test, two kinds of tests were performed in parallel. One was denitration performance test in denitration ovens, and expected results were successfully obtained. The other was validation and calibration of non-destructive assay (NDA) systems, and expected performances were obtained and their effectiveness as material accountancy and safeguards system was validated. (authors)

  4. Impact of Cotton Harvesting and Storage Methods on Seed and Fiber Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, Mark Thomas

    2012-02-14

    , Ohio, USA). Subsamples were dried for no less than 12 hours in a Memmert drying oven (model EW-52200-06, Memmert, Schwabach, Germany) so that updated moisture contents were available each morning. They were weighed again upon completion of drying... explanation is that this is a result of the moisture absorbance properties of the trash and the process of moisture addition for the test. As noted in the procedure, although both were stored in the same conditions, the trash maintained moisture content 3...

  5. Characteristics of pimple mounds associated with the Morey soil of southeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carty, David Jerome

    1980-01-01

    matter measured 2, 1X at the surface and steadily decreases to 0. 1/ at 124-150 cm ((i'estfall et al. 1971). The oven dry bulk density is about 1. 5 in the surface horizon and increases to about 1. 9-2. 0 at 124-150 cm. Shrinkage from 30 cm tension.... Mounds are round to oblong, range from 0. 3-0. 7 m, and 9-33 m in height and diameter, respectively; they are spaced 15-45 m apart. Some plant and animal species exhibit a habitat preference for mound or intermound areas. A trench 2. 5 m deep exposed...

  6. Estimating Energy Efficiency Impacts Using Climate Wise "Wise Rules" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milmoe, P. H.; Winkelman, S. R.

    1998-01-01

    COMPRESSOR AIR PREssURE ... ~.~.~~.~~.~~p.!:~!:.P.!:~!:~ }.~.p.~~..~.p.~L~.~~~~.~!~!.!: . 0.4% of facility energy use $2,900 (4 mo. payback) ELIMINATE !REDUCE COMPRESSED AIR USE Eliminate/reduce some uses of air 0.6% of facility energy use $7,050 (6 mo... National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 22-23, 1998 Measure Recommend ationRate .. , -- .. 21% 14% 4% 1% 26% 3% 23% 67% 7% Boilers Steam Systems Furnaces & Ovens Process Heatin2 Heat Recovery...

  7. The effects of calcitic and dolomitic limestone rates and particle sizes on soil chemical changes, plant nutrient concentration, and yields of corn and Coastal bermudagrass on two acid Texas soils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haby, Vincent A

    1969-01-01

    significantly increased Ca to 18 inches, while only the 6-ton/acre rate of fine dolomitic lime- stone increased Ca into the same depth. All dolomitic treatments increased Mg to 18-inch depths. Sampling deeper than 18 inches in the 6 ton/acre dolomitic fine... formed soluble salts with the NO and were leached down as Ca(ND ) Limestone treatments did not produce significant increases in yield of corn or Coastal bermudagrass. The no-lime plots produced 70 bushels of corn and 9. 2 tons of oven-dry Coastal...

  8. Low density microcellular carbon foams and method of preparation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, C. Jr.; Aubert, J.H.; Clough, R.L.; Rand, P.B.; Sylwester, A.P.

    1988-06-20

    A low density, open-celled microcellular carbon foam is disclosed which is prepared by dissolving a carbonizable polymer or copolymer in a solvent, pouring the solution into a mold, cooling the solution, removing the solvent, and then carbonizing the polymer or copolymer in a high temperature oven to produce the foam. If desired, an additive can be introduced in order to produce a doped carbon foam, and the foams can be made isotropic by selection of a suitable solvent. The low density, microcellular foams produced by this process are particularly useful in the fabrication of inertial confinement fusion targets, but can also be used as catalysts, absorbents, and electrodes.

  9. Eat Well for Less. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Maeona; Mason, Louise; Reasonover, Frances L.; Tribble, Marie; Gibson, G. G.

    1955-01-01

    . Brown on all sides in shortening. Season. doc water. Cover and simmer 21/2 hours or until tender. About 45 minutes bef~o' the end of cooking time, add onions and sweet potatoes. Cook beans separaltisic and serve with stew. Thicken liquid for gravy... shortening. Add seasoning and Cover and simmer over low heat for 15 minutes, then add kidney ur meat mixture into a greased 1 or 1112-quart casserole (or other bak- same capacity). Top with cornbread batter. spreading carefully with Bake in hot oven 42S...

  10. Eat More Pecans. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Karen

    1982-01-01

    in saucepan; cover and simmer gently until g;zzard is tender. Set aside to cool stock. Discard vegetables and neck piece. Cut gizzard into small pieces. \\felt V2 cup butter or margarine in fry pan. Add sliced celery, chopped onions and parsley; cook over... low heat until tender hut not brown. Set aside . Brown unwashed rice in remaining 1/2 cup butter in fry pan or Dutch oven . Add poultry stock and enough water to make 3 cups liquid. Simmer 10 minutes, stirring constantly. Combine in large mixing...

  11. The Anatomy and Morphology of Simulium Vittatum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hungerford, Herbert B.

    1913-06-01

    which had been half filled with xylol and then filled with absolute alcohol. Here they were left for 24 hours after which they were returned to a glass dish of pure xyl^OL. The dish was then placed on the top shelf of an electric drying oven, and a... expect a pair of spermatheca if such existed before the union of the two ducts. The finding of hit one must be explained as a specialization in advance of Chironomus, for instance which is figured by Mali and Hammond as possessing two. -34- SUMMARYt...

  12. Profiles in garbage: Polyethylene terephthalate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, C. [Environmental Industry Associations, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-11-01

    Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a plastic resin used primarily to make bottles. Soft drinks -- along with salad dressing, fruit juices, peanut butter, and other household and consumer products -- use PET bottles. PET also is used for film, sheeting for cups and food trays, oven-safe trays, and other uses. PET is a relatively new packaging resin, first commercialized in the early 1970s. Because it is an ``engineered`` resin, PET is more expensive than commodity resins such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and, for the same reason, it is usually the highest valued plastic recyclable.

  13. Method for rapid fabrication of fiber preforms and structural composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klett, James W. (Knoxville, TN); Burchell, Timothy D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, Jeffrey L. (Clinton, TN)

    1998-01-01

    A densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform is made by vacuum molding an aqueous slurry of carbon fibers and carbonizable organic powder to form a molded part. The molded part is dried in an oven at 50.degree. C. for 14 hours and hot pressed at 2000 psi at 400.degree. C. for 3 hours. The hot pressed part is carbonized at 650.degree. C. under nitrogen for 3 hours and graphitized at 2400.degree. C. to form a graphitic structure in the matrix of the densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform. The densified preform has a density greater than 1.1 g/cc.

  14. Method for rapid fabrication of fiber preforms and structural composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klett, James W. (Knoxville, TN); Burchell, Timothy D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, Jeffrey L. (Clinton, TN)

    1999-01-01

    A densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform is made by vacuum molding an aqueous slurry of carbon fibers and carbonizable organic powder to form a molded part. The molded part is dried in an oven at 50.degree. C. for 14 hours and hot pressed at 2000 psi at 400.degree. C. for 3 hours. The hot pressed part is carbonized at 650.degree. C. under nitrogen for 3 hours and graphite at 2400.degree. C. to form a graphitic structure in the matrix of the densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform. The densified preform has a density greater than 1.1 g/cc.

  15. Method for rapid fabrication of fiber preforms and structural composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klett, J.W.; Burchell, T.D.; Bailey, J.L.

    1999-02-16

    A densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform is made by vacuum molding an aqueous slurry of carbon fibers and carbonizable organic powder to form a molded part. The molded part is dried in an oven at 50 C for 14 hours and hot pressed at 2000 psi at 400 C for 3 hours. The hot pressed part is carbonized at 650 C under nitrogen for 3 hours and graphitized at 2400 C to form a graphitic structure in the matrix of the densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform. The densified preform has a density greater than 1.1 g/cc. 12 figs.

  16. Method for rapid fabrication of fiber preforms and structural composite materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klett, J.W.; Burchell, T.D.; Bailey, J.L.

    1998-04-28

    A densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform is made by vacuum molding an aqueous slurry of carbon fibers and carbonizable organic powder to form a molded part. The molded part is dried in an oven at 50 C for 14 hours and hot pressed at 2,000 psi at 400 C for 3 hours. The hot pressed part is carbonized at 650 C under nitrogen for 3 hours and graphitized at 2,400 C to form a graphitic structure in the matrix of the densified carbon matrix carbon fiber composite preform. The densified preform has a density greater than 1.1 g/cc. 12 figs.

  17. Coke battery with 51-m{sup 3} furnace chambers and lateral supply of mixed gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.I. Rudyka; N.Y. Chebotarev; O.N. Surenskii; V.V. Derevich [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15

    The basic approaches employed in the construction of coke battery 11A at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat are outlined. This battery includes 51.0-m{sup 3} furnaces and a dust-free coke-supply system designed by Giprokoks with lateral gas supply; it is heated exclusively by low-calorific mixed gas consisting of blast-furnace gas with added coke-oven gas. The 82 furnaces in the coke battery are divided into two blocks of 41. The gross coke output of the battery (6% moisture content) is 1140000 t/yr.

  18. The Air or Brayton Cycle Solvent Recovery System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, B. J.

    1986-01-01

    it suitable for solvent recovery. Thi s unit util i zes ai r foil beari ngs. to recover the heat for useful purposes. It is easy Over the past several years they have sold. these for the air cycle system to return the solvent lean uni ts to condense... CYCLE SOLVENT RECOVERY SYSTEM Bryce J. Fox 3M Company St. Paul, ABSTRACT The required temperature and technique for condensing common industrial solvents from the exhaust air of drying ovens is explained. ?:The benefits of the Air Cycle...

  19. Low density microcellular carbon foams and method of preparation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jr., Charles (Albuquerque, NM); Aubert, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Clough, Roger L. (Albuquerque, NM); Rand, Peter B. (Albuquerque, NM); Sylwester, Alan P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1989-01-01

    A low density, open-celled microcellular carbon foam is disclosed which is prepared by dissolving a carbonizable polymer or copolymer in a solvent, pouring the solution into a mold, cooling the solution, removing the solvent, and then carbonizing the polymer or copolymer in a high temperature oven to produce the foam. If desired, an additive can be introduced in order to produce a doped carbon foam, and the foams can be made isotropic by selection of a suitable solvent. The low density, microcellular foams produced by this process are particularly useful in the fabrication of inertial confinement fusion targets, but can also be used as catalysts, absorbents, and electrodes.

  20. Saving public resources: Tips for conserving energy and water in home and landscapes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supercinski, Danielle

    2009-01-01

    , or toa ster oven because they use less energ y than th e range. A lso, turn off the ra nge 10 mi nutes bef ore the food is do ne and it will conti nue to co ok. ? Refri gerator ? If coolnes s can be f elt around the refrig erator... rkshop. B elow are a few tips to help reduce yo ur energy use: Air cond itioning ? Durin g the win ter keep t he therm ostat on 6 8? at nigh t and 60? during th e day. During th e summe r keep it o n 72? at n ight and 8 2...