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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety Lightning: What You Need to Know * NO PLACE outside is safe when thunderstorms are in the area * If you hear thunder, lightning is close enough...

2

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - Lightning Safety Lightning: What You Need to Know * NO PLACE outside is safe when thunderstorms are in the area!! * If you hear thunder, lightning is close enough to strike you. * When you hear thunder, immediately move to safe shelter: a substantial building with electricity or plumbing or an enclosed, metal-topped vehicle with windows up. * Stay in safe shelter at least 30 minutes after you hear the last sound of thunder. Indoor Lightning Safety * Stay off corded phones, computers and other electrical equipment that put you in direct contact with electricity. * Avoid plumbing, including sinks, baths and faucets. * Stay away from windows and doors, and stay off porches. * Do not lie on concrete floors, and do not lean against concrete walls.

3

Lightning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightning Lightning Nature Bulletin No. 458-A May 20, 1972 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LIGHTNING Because we are so rapt up with our modern inventions, we forget that primitive man, ages before the beginnings of civilization, made one of the greatest discoveries of all time -- the use of fire. However, for thousands of years before he learned to kindle his own fires by friction or by striking sparks from flint, he snatched flaming firebrands from forest fires started by lightning. These he carried away and carefully fed with dry wood, year in and year out, to warm his cave, frighten away wild beasts and cook his food. Around the world, in every year, countless thousands of fires are started by lightning.

4

Lightning Safety and Large Stadiums  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When lightning threatens an outdoor activity, it is usually postponed so that people may seek a safe location. When lightning threatens a large outdoor stadium, the game or event itself is usually postponed, but it is often difficult to ensure ...

Joel Gratz; Erik Noble

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning Approved: October 5 Review: August 27, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X0.09 Outdoor Burning burning (30 TAC 111.201-221).Those units located on the Texas A&M University campus will follow the Open

6

A Reassessment of U.S. Lightning Mortality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning is a unique weather hazard when compared to other perils such as tornadoes, flash floods, and hurricanes since lightning itself does not constitute a criterion for a severe event according to National Weather Service guidelines. Indeed, ...

Walker S. Ashley; Christopher W. Gilson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Outdoor Manners  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outdoor Manners Outdoor Manners Nature Bulletin No. 683-A June 10, 1978 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation OUTDOOR MANNERS I AM AN OLD TIME COUNTRY LANE -- just a plain dirt road with a lot of ups and downs, built by the pioneers who settled this region. I was abandoned, thank goodness, after those tin Lizzies began to honk and rattle through the country. They didn't like me and I didn't like them. For more than a century, people went this way on foot, on horseback, and in vehicles drawn by horses or mules. I became well acquainted with many of them and some of their great-grandchildren. They became acquainted with my trees, my wildflowers, the birds and all of my wild creatures. In those days most folks were friendly, neighborly people. They had time to stop, visit, look and listen.

8

Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When some of the uncertainties associated with lightning are reviewed, it becomes difficult to support a large production of fixed nitrogen from the lightning shock wave.

G. A. Dawson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Lightning Rod Improvement Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although lightning rods have long been used to limit damage from lightning, there are currently no American standards for the shape and form of these devices. Following tradition, however, sharp-tipped Franklin rods are widely installed despite ...

C. B. Moore; William Rison; James Mathis; Graydon Aulich

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Laser Induced Lightning: Thunderstorm Lightning Diversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning causes extensive damage to industrial and commercial facilities and residences. In addition, utilities lose revenue from lighting caused outages, resulting in substantial losses. This project deals with the development of a laser based system to divert lightning from striking susceptible facilities, such as nuclear power plants, critical substations and lines, operation control centers, and customer process control plants.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest Service.

Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

12

Pantex lightning study recommendations report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief history of lightning protection at Pantex nuclear explosive areas (NEAs) is given. An assessment of current Pantex lightning protection at NEAs is summarized. Recommendations for further improvements in lightning protection are described.

Chen, K.C.; Merewether, K.O.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

National Renewable Energy Laboratory program on lightning risk and wind turbine generator protection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper will describe the NREL program for addressing lightning protection for wind turbines. A test program will begin this summer at the Central and South West Services Inc. (CSW) wind farm near Fort Davis, Texas, to assess lightning risk, the frequency of lightning strikes on wind turbines compared to risk assessment predictions, and the effectiveness of some protection techniques. A Web page will be assembled to provide resources for designers and operators and feedback for issues as they arise. Also, a database of lightning events (and corresponding damage) will be collected to assist in maturing the understanding of wind turbine lightning protection.

Muljadi, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); McNiff, B. [McNiff Light Industry, Blue Hill, ME (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Conservation and Outdoor Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CONSERVATION AND OUTDOOR EDUCATION IN THE FOREST PRESERVE DISTRIC. The Forest...

15

Outdoor science field trips.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to assess the cognitive and affective values of an outdoor science field trip. Participants were 28 fifth grade students,… (more)

Loyd, Kerrie Anne Therese

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

TOGA COARE: Oceanic Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A lightning detection network composed of three direction finders was installed in the western Pacific during TOGA COARE. The results are reported from one direction finder, at Kavieng, Papua New Guinea, for the months of January and February ...

Christopher Lucas; Richard E. Orville

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Lightning Scaling Relations Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling relations connecting storm electrical generator power (and hence lightning flash rate) to charge transport velocity and storm geometry were originally posed by Vonnegut in the 1960s. These were later simplified to yield simple ...

Dennis J. Boccippio

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Outdoor Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outdoor Test Facility Aerial photo of the Outdoor Test Facility. The Outdoor Test Facility at NREL is used to evaluate prototype, precommercial, and commercial modules. Outdoor...

19

Space–Time Correlations of Lightning Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning location data are used to calculate the autocorrelation function of lightning distributions, which is a function of distances and time intervals between the single lightning events. This function is utilized for the characterization of ...

Ulli Finke

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Outdoor PV Degradation Comparison  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As photovoltaic (PV) penetration of the power grid increases, it becomes vital to know how decreased power output; may affect cost over time. In order to predict power delivery, the decline or degradation rates must be determined; accurately. At the Performance and Energy Rating Testbed (PERT) at the Outdoor Test Facility (OTF) at the; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) more than 40 modules from more than 10 different manufacturers; were compared for their long-term outdoor stability. Because it can accommodate a large variety of modules in a; limited footprint the PERT system is ideally suited to compare modules side-by-side under the same conditions.

Jordan, D. C.; Smith, R. M.; Osterwald, C. R.; Gelak, E.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Outdoor Play and Playground Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... While each classroom strives to accomplish both morning and afternoon outdoor play times, the weather sometimes prohibits such activity, or ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

22

Lightning Casualties and Property Damage in Colorado from 1950 to 1991 Based on Storm Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forty-two years of lightning casualty and damage reports in Colorado are summarized. The data are from NOAA's Storm Data, which is compiled monthly by the National Weather Service.

Raúl E. López; Ronald L. Holle; Todd A. Heitkamp

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Atmospheric Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production Of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) by lightning flashes has been computed from a model of gaseous molecular reactions occurring as heated lightning-channel air cools by mixing with surrounding ambient air. The effect of ozone (O3) on ...

R. D. Hill; R. G. Rinker; H. Dale Wilson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Lightning Data Assimilation Technique for Mesoscale Forecast Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning observations have been assimilated into a mesoscale model for improvement of forecast initial conditions. Data are used from the National Lightning Detection Network (cloud-to-ground lightning detection) and a Lightning Mapping Array (...

Edward R. Mansell; Conrad L. Ziegler; Donald R. MacGorman

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Global lightning and severe storm monitoring from GPS orbit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last few decades, there has been a growing interest to develop and deploy an automated and continuously operating satellite-based global lightning mapper [e.g. Christian et al., 1989; Weber et al., 1998; Suszcynsky et al., 2000]. Lightning is a direct consequence of the electrification and breakdown processes that take place during the convective stages of thunderstorm development. Satellite-based lightning mappers are designed to exploit this relationship by using lightning detection as a proxy for remotely identifying, locating and characterizing strong convective activity on a global basis. Global lightning and convection mapping promises to provide users with (1) an enhanced global severe weather monitoring and early warning capability [e.g. Weber et al., 1998] (2) improved ability to optimize aviation flight paths around convective cells, particularly over oceanic and remote regions that are not sufficiently serviced by existing weather radar [e.g. Weber et al., 1998], and (3) access to regional and global proxy data sets that can be used for scientific studies and as input into meteorological forecast and global climatology models. The physical foundation for satellite-based remote sensing of convection by way of lightning detection is provided by the basic interplay between the electrical and convective states of a thundercloud. It is widely believed that convection is a driving mechanism behind the hydrometeor charging and transport that produces charge separation and lightning discharges within thunderclouds [e.g. see chapter 3 in MacGorman and Rust, 1998]. Although cloud electrification and discharge processes are a complex function of the convective dynamics and microphysics of the cloud, the fundamental relationship between convection and electrification is easy to observe. For example, studies have shown that the strength of the convective process within a thundercell can be loosely parameterized (with large variance) by the intensity of the electrical activity within that cell as measured by the lightning flash rate. Williams [2001] has provided a review of experimental work that shows correlations between the total lightning flash rate and the fifth power of the radar cloud-top height (i.e. convective strength) of individual thunder cells. More recently, Ushio et al., [2001] used a large statistical sampling of optical data from the Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) in conjunction with data provided by the Precipitation Radar (PR) aboard the Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission (TRMM) satellite to conclude that the total lightning flash rate increases exponentially with storm height. Lightning activity levels have also been correlated to cloud ice content, a basic product of the convective process. For example, Blyth et al. [2001] used the Thermal Microwave Imager (TMI) aboard the TRMM satellite to observe a decrease in the 37 and 85 GHz brightness temperatures of upwelling terrestrial radiation during increased lightning activity. This reduction in brightness temperature is believed to be the result of increased ice scattering in the mixed phase region of the cloud. Toracinta and Zipser [2001] have found similar relationships using the Optical Transient Detector (OTD) satellite instrument and the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) aboard the DMSP satellites.

Suszcynsky, D. M. (David M.); Jacobson, A. R.; Linford, J (Justin); Pongratz, M. B. (Morris B.); Light, T. (Tracy E.); Shao, X. (Xuan-Min)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Performance Evaluation for a Lightning Location System Based on Observations of Artificially Triggered Lightning and Natural Lightning Flashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance evaluation for the lightning location system (LLS) of the power grid in Guangdong Province, China, was conducted based on observation data of the triggered lightning flashes obtained in Conghua, Guangzhou, during 2007–11 and natural ...

Luwen Chen; Yijun Zhang; Weitao Lu; Dong Zheng; Yang Zhang; Shaodong Chen; Zhihui Huang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Comparison of Lightning Data Provided by Three Lightning Location Networks in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three different lightning location systems (LLS), namely, the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN), the U.S. Precision Lightning Network (USPLN), and the WeatherBug Total Lightning Network (WTLN), are offering lightning data on a wide scale in the United States. This report provides a comparison of those networks in terms of quality of the data provided to the end user. The report focuses on the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning detection because this type of lightning is most critical for power util...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

28

Lightning in the Anvils of Supercell Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses data from the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array (OK-LMA), the National Lightning Detection Network, and the Norman, Oklahoma (KOUN), prototype Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) radar to examine the evolution and ...

Stephanie A. Weiss; Donald R. MacGorman; Kristin M. Calhoun

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A Lightning Parameterization for Numerical Cloud Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new lightning parameterization has been developed to enable cloud models to simulate the location and structure of individual lightning flashes more realistically. To do this, three aspects of previous parameterizations have been modified: 1) ...

Donald R. MacGorman; Jerry M. Straka; Conrad L. Ziegler

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Tropical Cyclone Lightning and Rapid Intensity Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large sample of Atlantic and eastern North Pacific tropical cyclone cases (2005–10) is used to investigate the relationships between lightning activity and intensity changes for storms over water. The lightning data are obtained from the ground-...

Mark DeMaria; Robert T. DeMaria; John A. Knaff; Debra Molenar

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Estimation of Convective Rainfall from Lightning Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to develop a technique to use lightning observations for estimating convective rainfall. A framework for rainfall estimation is developed in which key elements are 1) the rainfall–lightning ratio, that is, the ...

Alberto Tapia; James A. Smith; Michael Dixon

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Total lightning observations of severe convection over North Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Five severe convective cells over North Texas from three separate dates were examined to determine what three dimensional, or “total” lightning data can add to the understanding of a convective cell’s intensity, propagation, and severe weather potential. Total lightning data were obtained from Vaisala Inc.’s Dallas/Fort Worth (D/FW) Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) network. Radar data from two Weather Surveillance Radar – 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) sites were used for position data and information regarding the intensity and kinematic properties of each cell. Total lightning products used by the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Fort Worth, Texas were compared to total lightning flash rate; a quantity that has been shown to be correlated to changes in cell intensity inferred from other sources, such as radar and satellite data. These products, specifically flash extent density (FED) were also compared to CG flash rate and radar derived measures from the WSR-88D sites. The results of this work show that FED and total flash rate are well correlated, with an average Pearson correlation value of 0.73, indicating that previous total flash rate results may also apply to FED. Lightning hooks, holes, and notches in FED displays indicated likely updraft regions, while appendages were observed to develop prior to deviant motion with two supercells. These results, combined with a greater update frequency provided a useful complement to radar data in the warning decision process. FED jumps were observed prior to several severe weather reports, indicating that total lightning activity may be related to updraft strength as found in past studies. However, FED jumps were sometimes observed without any associated severe event. More work is clearly needed to define what FED changes are of most importance in the short-term prediction of storm severity. The usefulness of the total lightning data on these dates was dependant upon LDAR network status and distance of the cell from the network center. The results of this study suggest that combining total flash rate trends with visual displays of FED provides the greatest added benefit to forecasters in maintaining situational awareness during warning operations.

McKinney, Christopher Michael

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Outdoor Education in the Greek Mathematics Textbooks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Outdoor education is a promising educational field that can support indoor education and provide benefits beyond the evidentknowledge. Outdoor and indoor education together can… (more)

Skouroupathis, Nicolas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

35

Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning Strokes Can Probe Ionosphere Lightning strokes can probe the ionosphere Researchers have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. April 11, 2013 Lightning. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The team found that the electron density in the lower ionosphere decreased in response to lightning discharges. Thunderstorms, and the resulting partially ionized plasma of the ionosphere, can distort radio signals traveling to satellites important to communications, navigation or national security Los Alamos researchers and a collaborator have made measurements during thunderstorms to study the affect of lightning on the lower ionosphere and radiofrequency signals. This study supports one theory for how tropospheric

36

Lightning Distribution and Eyewall Outbreaks in Tropical Cyclones during Landfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning data and storm intensity data (winds and central pressure) for 33 northwest Pacific tropical cyclones were used to analyze lightning distributions during the period of landfall in China. Lightning activities varied ...

Wenjuan Zhang; Yijun Zhang; Dong Zheng; Xiuji Zhou

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Underreporting of Lightning injuries and Deaths in Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable statistics on lightning deaths and injuries are needed to raise the awareness of the community to the lightning threat and to educate the public to avoid situations vulnerable to lightning injuries. The principal source of information ...

Raúl E. López; Ronald L. Holle; Todd A. Heitkamp; Michael Boyson; Michael Cherington; Kenneth Langford

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Modeling Global Lightning Distributions in a General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general circulation model (GCM) is used to model global lightning distributions and frequencies. Both total and cloud-to-ground lightning frequencies are modeled using parameterizations that relate the depth of convective clouds to lightning ...

Colin Price; David Rind

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Lightning and Severe Weather: A Comparison between Total and Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies over the past several decades have attempted to correlate trends in lightning (e.g., rates, polarity) to severe weather occurrence. These studies mainly used cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning information due to the ease of data ...

Christopher J. Schultz; Walter A. Petersen; Lawrence D. Carey

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Far-Field Power of Lightning Strokes as Measured by the World Wide Lightning Location Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) is a long-range network capable of locating lightning strokes in space and time. While able to locate lightning to within a few kilometers and tens of microseconds, the network currently does not ...

Michael L. Hutchins; Robert H. Holzworth; Craig J. Rodger; James B. Brundell

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

An outdoor exposure testing program for optical materials used in solar thermal electric technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Developing low-cost, durable advanced optical materials is important for making solar thermal energy. technologies viable for electricity production. The objectives of a new outdoor testing program recently initiated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are to determine the expected lifetimes of candidate reflector materials and demonstrate their optical durability in real-world service conditions. NREL is working with both utilities and industry in a collaborative effort to achieve these objectives. To date, simulated/accelerated exposure testing of these materials has not been correlated with actual outdoor exposure testing. Such a correlation is desirable to provide confidence in lifetime predictions based upon accelerated weathering results. This outdoor testing program will allow outdoor exposure data to be obtained for realistic environments and will establish a data base for correlating simulated/accelerated outdoor exposure data with actual outdoor exposure data. In this program, candidate reflector materials are subjected to various outdoor exposure conditions in a network of sites across the southwestern United States. Important meteorological data are continuously recorded at these sites; these data will be analyzed for possible correlations with material optical performance. Weathered samples are characterized on a regular basis using a series of optical tests. These tests provide the basis for tracking material performance and durability with exposure time in the various outdoor environments. This paper describes the outdoor testing program in more detail including meteorological monitoring capabilities and the optical tests that are performed on these materials.

Wendelin, T.; Jorgensen, G.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Schools - CPU Damage Due to Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of the failure of certain equipment in the computer labs at a school which has been attributed to lightning.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Schools - Electronic Equipment Damage Due to Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of damage to a school's phone equipment, security alarm, and network computer system during a lightning storm.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

44

LIGHTNING PROTECTION OF ROOF-MOUNTED SOLAR ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. LIGHTNING PROTECTION OF ROOF-MOUNTED SOLAR CELLS ... Working paper developed for a NASA-sponsored study of solar cells ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

45

Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Reflection Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes After reviewing bids from six firms, LDG contracted with Bird Geophysical Services ("Bird") to conduct a test to determine if relatively small, spring-assisted, drop weights could be used to successfully acquire deep reflections. This test showed that the contractor could produce usable data to depths of more than 1,500 ms two-way travel time. (For a given velocity model, this two-way travel time is equivalent to several kilometers of depth penetration.) Subsequently, LDG used Bird's services to acquire new traverses totaling about 27.6 km (17.2 mi.) along roads leading through the

46

SUBCHAPTER D. OUTDOOR BURNING Sec. 352.081. REGULATION OF OUTDOOR BURNING. (a) In this  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUBCHAPTER D. OUTDOOR BURNING Sec. 352.081. REGULATION OF OUTDOOR BURNING. (a) In this section measurement that takes into consideration the burning index, spread component, or ignition component court of a county by order may prohibit or restrict outdoor burning in general or outdoor burning

47

Color models for outdoor machine vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops models for illumination and surface reflectance for use in outdoor color vision, and in particular for predicting the color of surfaces under outdoor conditions. Existing daylight and reflectance models have limitations that reduce ... Keywords: color, daylight, outdoor images, photometric function, reflectance model

Shashi D. Buluswar; Bruce A. Draper

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Enhancement of CN Tower lightning current derivative signals using a modified power spectral subtraction method.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lightning current measurements are possible using instrumental tall structures or rocket-triggered lightning. The CN Tower has been a source of lightning current data for the… (more)

Mehmud, Huma

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outdoor Solar Lighting Outdoor Solar Lighting Outdoor Solar Lighting July 29, 2012 - 6:34pm Addthis Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan What does this mean for me? Outdoor solar lights are easy to install and virtually maintenance free They work in most areas of the United States Find out if replacement bulbs or batteries are available before you buy them Outdoor solar lights are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. Best of all, using them won't increase your electric bill. Popular home

50

Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outdoor Solar Lighting Outdoor Solar Lighting Outdoor Solar Lighting July 29, 2012 - 6:34pm Addthis Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan What does this mean for me? Outdoor solar lights are easy to install and virtually maintenance free They work in most areas of the United States Find out if replacement bulbs or batteries are available before you buy them Outdoor solar lights are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. Best of all, using them won't increase your electric bill. Popular home

51

Contaminated Outdoor High Voltage Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The external insulation of power lines and outdoor substations is a weak point in transmission systems. The insulation is particularly susceptible to failure if proper attention has not been given to its design, condition monitoring, and maintenance. In regions with high contamination levels, regular maintenance and the application of palliative measures can be critical to ensure that the system meets its outage performance targets. This can involve pure maintenance measures such as cleaning the insulato...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

52

Atmospheric and Fuel Moisture Characteristics Associated with Lightning-Attributed Fires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic examination is presented of the relationship between lightning occurrence and fires attributed to lightning ignitions. Lightning occurrence data are matched to a database of fires attributed to lightning ignition over southeastern ...

Andrew J. Dowdy; Graham A. Mills

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

New mechanism for lightning initiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). To distinguish radio-frequency (rf) signals generated by lightning from the electromagnetic pulse produced by a nuclear explosion, it is necessary to understand the fundamental nature of thunderstorm discharges. The recent debate surrounding the origin of transionospheric pulse pairs (TIPPs) detected by the BLACKBEARD experiment aboard the ALEXIS satellite illustrates this point. We have argued that TIPP events could originate from the upward propagating discharges recently identified by optical images taken from the ground, from airplanes, and from the space shuttle. In addition, the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) measurements of x-ray bursts originating from thunderstorms are almost certainly associated with these upward propagating discharges. When taken together, these three measurements point directly to the runaway electron mechanism as the source of the upward discharges. The primary goal of this research effort was to identify the specific role played by the runaway-air-breakdown mechanism in the general area of thunderstorm electricity and in so doing develop lightning models that predict the optical, rf, and x-ray emissions that are observable from space.

Roussel-Dupre, R.; Buchwald, M.; Gurevich, A. [Lebedev Institute of Physical Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Reducing indoor residential exposures to outdoor pollutants  

SciTech Connect

The basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air. This strategy assumes that the outdoor air does not have pollutants at harmful levels or that the outdoor air is, at least, less polluted than the indoor air. When this is not the case, different strategies need to be employed to ensure adequate air quality in the indoor environment. These strategies include ventilation systems, filtration and other measures. These strategies can be used for several types of outdoor pollution, including smog, particulates and toxic air pollutants. This report reviews the impacts that typical outdoor air pollutants can have on the indoor environment and provides design and operational guidance for mitigating them. Poor quality air cannot be used for diluting indoor contaminants, but more generally it can become an indoor contaminant itself. This paper discusses strategies that use the building as protection against potentially hazardous outdoor pollutants, including widespread pollutants, accidental events, and potential attacks.

Sherman, Max H.; Matson, Nance E.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Title Reducing Indoor Residential Exposures to Outdoor Pollutants Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51758 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Sherman, Max H., and Nance Matson Start Page Chapter Abstract Basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air. This strategy assumes that the outdoor air does not have pollutants at harmful levels or that the outdoor air is, at least, less polluted than the indoor air. When this is not the case, different strategies need to be employed to ensure adequate air quality in the indoor environment. These strategies include ventilation systems, filtration and other measures. These strategies can be used for several types of outdoor pollution, including smog, particulates and toxic air pollutants. This report reviews the impacts that typical outdoor air pollutants can have on the indoor environment and provides design and operational guidance for mitigating them. Poor quality air cannot be used for diluting indoor contaminants, but more generally it can become an indoor contaminant itself. This paper discusses strategies that use the building as protection against potentially hazardous outdoor pollutants, including widespread pollutants, accidental events, and potential attacks

56

Measuring Outdoor Airflow into HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASURING OUTDOOR AIRFLOW INTO HVAC SYSTEMS W i l l i a m J.minimum OA flow rate if HVAC system has an economizer

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comndejan Outdoor solar lights use solar cells,...

58

Indoor to Outdoor Channel Measurements & Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... delay dispersion statistics for outdoor-indoor average PDPs (all values in ns). Band RMS Delay Spread Delay Window 90% Energy Delay Interval ...

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Development of the National Lightning Detection Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) can be traced from the initial funding by the Electric Power Research Institute in June 1983. This support, when coupled with a small National Science Foundation–sponsored ...

Richard E. Orville

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Regional Differences in Tropical Lightning Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Optical Transient Detector (OTD) and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)-based Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) are analyzed for variability between land and ocean, various ...

Dennis J. Boccippio; Steven J. Goodman; Stan Heckman

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Schools - Lightning Causing Electric Equipment Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of damage to a school's electronic controls and integrated circuit boards within their fire alarm and clock/bell system when there are lightning storms.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

TELEX The Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The field program of the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment (TELEX) took place in central Oklahoma, May–June 2003 and 2004. It aimed to improve understanding of the interrelationships among microphysics, kinematics, ...

Donald R. MacGorman; W. David Rust; Conrad L. Ziegler; Edward R. Mansell; Terry J. Schuur; Michael I. Biggerstaff; Jerry M. Straka; Eric C. Bruning; Kristin M. Kuhlman; Nicole R. Lund; Clark Payne; Nicholas S. Biermann; William H. Beasley; Larry D. Carey; Paul R. Krehbiel; William Rison; Kenneth B. Eack

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

64

Sizing of Overhead Ground Wires for Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overhead ground wires, or shield wires, are placed on transmission lines as air terminals for lightning strikes to shield the phase conductors from direct strikes. Although of short duration, lightning strikes to ground wires may result in significant damage. Utilities are increasingly using optical fiber ground wires (OPGWs), and severe damage to the OPGWs could result in failure of the communication link. There is renewed interest in the dimensioning and testing of ground wires for improved ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

65

SUFFOLK COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUFFOLK COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ABOVEGROUND OUTDOOR, M.D., M.P.H. Commissioner SUFFOLK COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES #12;Suffolk County Department of Health Services' Aboveground Outdoor Tank and Associated Piping Design Standards _____________________ 1

Homes, Christopher C.

66

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part “M”, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

67

A Linear Method for Analyzing Lightning Field Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constrained, least-squares method for analyzing multiple-station measurements of lightning field changes (?Es) is introduced. Previous methods have attempted to fit the spatial pattern of lightning ?Es using nonlinear models, such as a point ...

William J. Koshak; E. Philip Krider

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A Review of Positive and Bipolar Lightning Discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of lightning discharges that transport either positive charge or both positive and negative charges to the ground are reviewed. These are termed positive and bipolar lightning discharges, respectively. Different types of positive ...

V. A. Rakov

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have examined the characteristics of positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes in Mesoscale Convective Systems observed during the Oklahoma-Kansas PRE-STORM project in 1985. Lightning frequencies and patterns of ground strike locations are ...

Steven A. Rutledge; Chungu Lu; Donald R. MacGorman

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

A Radar Study of the Plasma and Geometry of Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar measurements and model studies are combined to investigate the plasma condition and the physical structure of lightning in thunderclouds. The lightning radar target is inferred to be an arclike plasma whose temperature exceeds 5000 K, ...

Earle R. Williams; Spiros G. Geotis; A. B. Bhattacharya

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF NONCONVENTIONAL APPROACHES TO LIGHTNING PROTECTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conventional technique for the lightning protection of structures is described in the U.S. National Standard, NFPA 780, and in many other national and international lightning protection standards. Two nonconventional techniques, known ...

M. A. Uman; V. A. Rakov

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Performance Characteristics of Distinct Lightning Detection Networks Covering Belgium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reports results from electric field measurements coupled to high-speed camera observations of cloud-to-ground lightning to test the performance of lightning location networks in terms of its detection efficiency and location accuracy. ...

Dieter R. Poelman; Wolfgang Schulz; Christian Vergeiner

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Optical Observations of Lightning from a High-Altitude Airplane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning has been observed from above cloud top by using satellites, balloons, rockets, and high-altitude airplanes, each of which provides a unique perspective and holds the potential for gaining new understanding of lightning phenomena. During ...

H. J. Christian; S. J. Goodman

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Possible Aerosol Effects on Lightning Activity and Structure of Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to observations of hurricanes located relatively close to the land, intense and persistent lightning takes place within a 250–300-km radius ring around the hurricane center, whereas the lightning activity in the eyewall takes place only ...

A. Khain; N. Cohen; B. Lynn; A. Pokrovsky

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Some Causes for Lightning Data Inaccuracies: The Case of Michigan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on records currently available, no complete knowledge exists of the number of casualties caused by lightning in the United States. The compilation of lightning casualty statistics is not a simple problem, and there are many unresolved ...

Kathleen M. Shearman; Carl F. Ojala

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings -an exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings - an exploration H. Bloemink De Bilt, 2013 | Internal report; IR 2013-01 #12;#12;Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings - an exploration Version 1.0 Date January 2013 Status Final #12;#12;Static electricity measurements for lightning warnings

Haak, Hein

77

High Voltage Laboratory Testing of Femtosecond Laser Lightning Diversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning strikes cost the electric power industry an estimated 1 billion dollars annually in damage and lost revenue. One possible way of protecting critical and susceptible facilities from lightning strikes is to use lasers to trigger and divert lightning along a predetermined path. This report describes laboratory research on the use of ultrashort UV pulses and near IR pulses to trigger high voltage discharge.

1998-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Title Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51583 Year...

79

The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the Indoor Environment Title The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the Indoor Environment...

80

Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Services Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Services ESnet provides interoperable, effective, reliable, and high performance network communications infrastructure, and certain collaboration services, in support of the Office of Science (SC)'s large-scale, collaborative science programs. ESnet provides users with high bandwidth access to DOE sites and DOE's primary science collaborators including Research and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facility Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility General Information Name Lightning Dock Geothermal Facility Facility Lightning Dock Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Fallon, New Mexico Coordinates 35.115059°, -106.604598° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.115059,"lon":-106.604598,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

The response of aeroshells to lightning  

SciTech Connect

Electrical discharges from a lightning simulator were directed at Mk12 aeroshells. Buckling of the aluminum substrate was observed after some 100-kA shots, and severe damage consisting of tearing of the aluminum and the production of inward flying aluminum shrapnel was observed after some 200-kA peak-current shots. Some shots resulted in severe damage to both the aluminum and the carbon-phenolic ablative material. It is reasonable to conclude from the experimental results that a lightning stroke with very high-peak current could, by itself, produce an opening in an Mk12 aeroshell. Because the aeroshell is part of the nuclear explosive safety exclusion region for the Mk12/W62 nuclear weapon, an opening would significantly reduce the assured safety of the weapon. It is unlikely that the observed interaction between lightning and the aeroshells would have been predicted by any form of computer simulation.

Loescher, D.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dinallo, M.A. [Quatro Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Services  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Human Capital Office offers benefit, new employee orientation and some learning & development related services to all DOE employees. Additionally the Office supplies employee and labor...

84

Thunderstorm and Lightning Studies using the FORTE Optical Lightning System (FORTE/OLS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary observations of simultaneous RF and optical emissions from lightning as seen by the FORTE spacecraft are presented. RF/optical pairs of waveforms are routinely collected both as individual lightning events and as sequences of events associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) and intra-cloud (IC) flashes. CG pulses can be distinguished from IC pulses based on the properties of the RF and optical waveforms, but mostly based on the associated RF spectrograms. The RF spectrograms are very similar to previous ground-based VHF observations of lightning and show signatures associated with return strokes, stepped and dart leaders, and attachment processes,. RF emissions are observed to precede the arrival of optical emissions at the satellite by a mean value of 280 microseconds. The dual phenomenology nature of these observations are discussed in terms of their ability to contribute to a satellite-based lightning monitoring mission.

Argo, P.; Franz, R.; Green, J.; Guillen, J.L.; Jacobson, A.R.; Kirkland, M.; Knox, S.; Spalding, R.; Suszcynsky, D.M.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Observations from TOGA COARE: Selected Results and Lightning Location Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, observations of electrified oceanic convection and associated cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning were obtained over the tropical western Pacific Ocean during TOGA COARE (Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response ...

Walter A. Petersen; Steven A. Rutledge; Richard E. Orville

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Number of lightning discharges causing damage to lightning arrester cables for aerial transmission lines in power systems  

SciTech Connect

Damage by lightning discharges to lightning arrester cables for 110-175 kV aerial transmission lines is analyzed using data from power systems on incidents with aerial transmission lines over a ten year operating period (1997-2006). It is found that failures of lightning arrester cables occur when a tensile force acts on a cable heated to the melting point by a lightning current. The lightning currents required to heat a cable to this extent are greater for larger cable cross sections. The probability that a lightning discharge will develop decreases as the amplitude of the lightning current increases, which greatly reduces the number of lightning discharges which damage TK-70 cables compared to TK-50 cables. In order to increase the reliability of lightning arrester cables for 110 kV aerial transmission lines, TK-70 cables should be used in place of TK-50 cables. The number of lightning discharges per year which damage lightning arrester cables is lowered when the density of aerial transmission lines is reduced within the territory of electrical power systems. An approximate relationship between these two parameters is obtained.

Nikiforov, E. P. [Electric Power Scientific Research Institute (VNIIE), branch of OAO 'NTTs Elektroenergetika' (Russian Federation)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Redirected from Lightning Dock Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Heat Source 8 Geofluid Geochemistry 9 NEPA-Related Analyses (6) 10 Exploration Activities (25) 11 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.14833333,"lon":-108.8316667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

88

Mesoscale Observations of Lightning from Space Shuttle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motion pictures have been taken at night by astronauts on the space shuttle showing lightning discharges that spread horizontally at speeds of 105 m s?1 for distances over 60 km. Tape recordings have been made of the accompanying optical pulses ...

B. Yonnegut; O. H. Vaughan Jr.; M. Brook; P. Krehbiel

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

An Operational Comparison of Lightning Warning Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the spring-summer of 1979, six lightning warning devices were evaluated in a side-by-side comparison study at three test sites. Stock commercial devices were selected based upon distinct concepts of operation. The devices tested included a ...

R. L. Johnson; D. E. Janota; J. E. Hay

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

An East Coast Lightning Detection Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A magnetic direction-finding network for the detection of lightning cloud-to-ground strikes has been installed, and it records most of the ground flashes from Maine to North Carolina and as far west as Ohio. This area includes or touches fourteen ...

Richard E. Orville; Ronald W. Henderson; Lance F. Bosart

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Lightning Flash Rates as an Indicator of Tropical Cyclone Genesis in the Eastern North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning flashes in convective tropical clusters of the eastern North Pacific Ocean are detected by the Long-Range Lightning Detection Network and are analyzed for temporal patterns in electrical activity. The rates of lightning flash discharge ...

Lesley A. Leary; Elizabeth A. Ritchie

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity in the Contiguous United States from 1995 to 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial and temporal distributions of cloud-to-ground lightning are examined over the contiguous United States from 1995 to 1999 using data from the National Lightning Detection Network. Annual flash density, annual lightning days, cumulative ...

Bard A. Zajac; Steven A. Rutledge

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Relationship between Total Cloud Lightning Behavior and Radar-Derived Thunderstorm Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total lightning detection systems have been in development since the mid-1980s and deployed in several areas around the world. Previous studies on total lightning found intra- and intercloud lightning (IC) activity tends to fluctuate significantly ...

Eric Metzger; Wendell A. Nuss

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A Perfect Prognosis Scheme for Forecasting Warm-Season Lightning over Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops and evaluates a statistical scheme for forecasting warm-season lightning over Florida. Four warm seasons of analysis data from the Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) and lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network are ...

Phillip E. Shafer; Henry E. Fuelberg

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Relationships among Lightning, Precipitation, and Hydrometeor Characteristics over the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning data from the Pacific Lightning Detection Network (PacNet) and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite were compared with TRMM precipitation radar products and latent heating and ...

Antti T. Pessi; Steven Businger

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Total Lightning Signatures of Thunderstorm Intensity over North Texas. Part II: Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total lightning data from the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR II) research network in addition to cloud-to-ground flash data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and data from the Dallas–Fort Worth, Texas, Weather ...

Scott M. Steiger; Richard E. Orville; Lawrence D. Carey

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Total Lightning Signatures of Thunderstorm Intensity over North Texas. Part I: Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that total lightning mapping, along with radar and National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) cloud-to-ground lightning data, can be used to diagnose the severity of a thunderstorm. Analysis of supercells, some of which were tornadic,...

Scott M. Steiger; Richard E. Orville; Lawrence D. Carey

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Lightning Activities in the DOE-EPRI Turbine Verification Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE)-Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Turbine Verification Program (TVP) has played a vital role in improving the understanding of lightning protection for wind turbines. In response to concerns from host utilities, the TVP began a lightning protection project to study the impact of lightning activity at the 6.0-megawatt (MW) wind power facility in Ft. Davis, Texas. McNiff Light Industry (MLI) and Global Energy Concepts (GEC) established a broad observation and documentation effort to survey the lightning protection methodologies used and to evaluate the damage resulting from lightning activity at the turbines. The 6.05-MW wind power plant in Searsburg, Vermont, was inspected after a severe lightning storm caused damage to several turbines there. Zond, McNiff, and consultants from Lightning Technologies, Inc. conducted post-damage inspections at both sites to develop recommendations for improving lightning protection. Site operators implemented the recommended mitigation strategies, and the turbines were monitored to determine if the protection measures improved project operations. This paper summarizes the experience gained through TVP's lightning-related research, and provides a set of guidelines for wind turbine manufacturers, owners, and operators.

McCoy, T.; Rhoads, H.; Lisman, T. (Global Energy Concepts, LLC); McNiff, B. (McNiff Light Industry); Smith, B. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

Electromagnetic field radiation model for lightning strokes to tall structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes observation and analysis of electromagnetic field radiation from lightning strokes to tall structures. Electromagnetic field waveforms and current waveforms of lightning strokes to the CN Tower have been simultaneously measured since 1991. A new calculation model of electromagnetic field radiation is proposed. The proposed model consists of the lightning current propagation and distribution model and the electromagnetic field radiation model. Electromagnetic fields calculated by the proposed model, based on the observed lightning current at the CN Tower, agree well with the observed fields at 2km north of the tower.

Motoyama, H. [CRIEPI, Tokyo (Japan); Janischewskyj, W.; Hussein, A.M. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chisholm, W.A. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chang, J.S. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Rusan, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Electromagnetic radiation from lightning return strokes to tall structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study of the interaction of lightning electromagnetic fields with electrical systems and the design of appropriate protection strategies are generally based on statistical distributions… (more)

Pavanello, Davide

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Grounding and Lightning Protection of Capacitor Controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the third report in EPRI's capacitor reliability study. It deals with capacitor controller grounding and lightning protection. Prior reports dealt with nuisance fuse operations, operating and construction practices, and use of distribution line capacitors for transmission voltage support. Simulations were performed to investigate various controller mounting locations and grounding configurations and their impact on the magnitude of surges reaching the controller. Once these aspects of capacitor c...

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

102

Outdoor Visual Position Estimation for Planetary Rovers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes (1) a novel, effective algorithm for outdoor visual position estimation; (2) the implementation of this algorithm in the Viper system; and (3) the extensive tests that have demonstrated the superior accuracy and speed of ... Keywords: computer vision, mobile robots, position estimation, space robotics

Fabio Cozman; Eric Krotkov; Carlos Guestrin

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Heat Source 8 Geofluid Geochemistry 9 NEPA-Related Analyses (6) 10 Exploration Activities (25) 11 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.14833333,"lon":-108.8316667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

104

Abstraction and depiction of sparsely scanned outdoor environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes various techniques and applications of rendering three-dimensionally digitized outdoor en- vironments in non-photorealistic rendering styles. The difficulty in rendering outdoor environments is accommodating their inaccuracy, incompleteness, ...

Hui Xu; Nathan Gossett; Baoquan Chen

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy-saver's guide to good outdoor lighting  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in outdoor lighting design and technology offer opportunities for improving the quality of outdoor lighting and significantly reducing energy consumption. This guidebook provides information on these developments and offers ideas on designing new systems or modifying existing systems.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Dimming Controllers Offer Potential Energy Savings in Outdoor...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sheet: * Introduction * HID Dimming * Conclusions Dimming Controllers Offer Potential Energy Savings in Outdoor Lighting Lighting control technology reduces energy consumption...

107

Supporting outdoor mixed reality applications for architecture and cultural heritage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces new approaches to enable collaborative outdoor mixed reality design review in the architectural domain as well as outdoor mixed reality experiences in the cultural heritage domain. For this purpose we present the results of three ... Keywords: cultural heritage, design review, display technologies, human computer interaction, outdoor mixed reality, pose estimation, rendering

Pedro Santos; Dominik Acri; Thomas Gierlinger; Hendrik Schmedt; André Stork

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Radar Nowcasting of Total Lightning over the Kennedy Space Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A long-term radar dataset over Melbourne, Florida, was matched with three-dimensional lightning data to optimize radar-derived predictors of total lightning over the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Four years (2006–09) of summer (June–August) daytime (...

Gregory N. Seroka; Richard E. Orville; Courtney Schumacher

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Some Scientific Objectives of a Satellite-Borne Lightning Mapper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lightning Mapper Sensor is proposed as an instrument for use on a geosynchronous satellite in the late 1980s to monitor lightning activity continuously over broad areas of the earth. The system was suggested in response to a variety of needs ...

M. H. Davis; Marx Brook; Hugh Christian; Brian G. Heikes; Richard E. Orville; Chung G. Park; Raymond G. Roble; Bernard Vonnegut

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Field Measurement Studies on Shunt Coefficient of Lightning Shield Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shunt coefficient of lightning shield line is an important parameter, which needs to be considered when we are designing or reforming the substation grounding network, however, it is difficult to be calculated. This paper is to introduce a method ... Keywords: Short circuit current, Lightning shield line, Shunt coefficient, Shunt impedance

Dechao Li; Jinglu Li; Yuhuan Zhang

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Climatology for Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first study of the characteristics of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning in Romania, based on the data recorded by the Romanian National Lightning Detection Network (RNLDN), is presented. The data, more than 1.75 million CG flashes, covers the ...

Bogdan Antonescu; Sorin Burcea

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Wind Turbine Lightning Protection Project: 1999-2001  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A lightning protection research and support program was instituted by NREL to help minimize lightning damage to wind turbines in the United States. This paper provides the results of a field test program, an evaluation of protection on selected turbines, and a literature search as well as the dissemination of the accumulated information.

McNiff, B.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Overhead Transmission Line Lightning and Grounding Reference Book 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In North America and many other parts of the world, lightning remains the primary cause of transmission line outages, momentary interruptions, and reliability and maintenance problems. The lightning performance of transmission lines may be improved by applying overhead ground wires, providing a low impedance connection to ground, and selecting appropriate insulation levels for the phase conductors. The success of these measures is not always ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Characterizing wind turbine system response to lightning activity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A lightning protection research program was instituted by National Renewable Energy Laboratory to minimize lightning damage to wind turbines and to further the understanding of effective damage mitigation techniques. To that end, a test program is under way to observe lightning activity, protection system response, and damage at a wind power plant in the Department of Energy (DOE) and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Turbine Verification Program. The authors installed Lightning activated surveillance cameras along with a special storm tracking device to observe the activity in the wind plant area. They instrumented the turbines with lightning and ground current detection devices to log direct and indirect strike activity at each unit. They installed a surge monitor on the utility interface to track incoming activity from the transmission lines. Maintenance logs are used to verify damage and determine downtime and repair costs. Actual strikes to turbines were recorded on video and ancillary devices. The test setup and some results are discussed in this paper.

McNiff, B.; LaWhite, N. [McNiff Light Industry, Harborside, ME (United States); Muljadi, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Vertical Development of Lightning Activity Observed by the LDAR System: Lightning Bubbles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In some Florida thunderstorm cells, impulsive very high frequency (VHF) radiation from lightning channels begins abruptly in a layer that is typically 3–6 km in diameter, 1–3 km tall, and initially located just above the freezing level. In 208 ...

Tomoo Ushio; Stan J. Heckman; Hugh J. Christian; Zen-Ichiro Kawasaki

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Technology Deployment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technologies » Technology Deployment » Outdoor Solid-State Technologies » Technology Deployment » Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Technology Deployment Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Technology Deployment October 7, 2013 - 9:10am Addthis Outdoor solid-state lighting (SSL) technology has the potential to reduce U.S. lighting energy usage by nearly one half and contribute significantly to our nation's climate change solutions. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Buildings Technologies Office offers a wealth of information on its Solid-State Lighting website. Visit the site to find: SSL Basics Studies and Reports CALiPER Summary Reports Tools SSL Webcasts. Also see: FEMP Outdoor SSL Initiative: Resources for Outdoor SSL Applications outlines resources available for outdoor solid-state lighting projects. Better Buildings Alliance: This DOE initiative is driven and managed

117

Determining Outdoor CPV Cell Temperature: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An accurate method is needed for determining cell temperature when measuring CPV modules outdoors. It has been suggested that cell temperature can be calculated though a procedure that shutters sunlight to the cells while measuring the transients in open-circuit voltage (Voc) and heat sink temperature. This paper documents application of this shutter procedure to multiple CPV modules at NREL. The challenges and limitations are presented along with an alternate approach to measuring CPV cell operating temperature.

Muller, M.; Deline, C.; Marion, B.; Kurtz, S.; Bosco, N.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Determining Outdoor CPV Cell Temperature (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An accurate method is needed for determining cell temperature when measuring CPV modules outdoors. It has been suggested that cell temperature can be calculated though a procedure that shutters sunlight to the cells while measuring the transients in open-circuit voltage (Voc) and heat sink temperature. This presentation documents application of this shutter procedure to multiple CPV modules at NREL. The challenges and limitations are presented along with an alternate approach to measuring CPV cell operating temperature.

Muller, M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Evaluation of Cooling Solutions for Outdoor Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal management of an outdoor electronic enclosure can be quite challenging due to the additional thermal load from the sun and the requirement of having an air-sealed enclosure. It is essential to consider the effect of solar heating loads in the design process; otherwise, it can shorten the life expectancy of the electronic product or lead to catastrophic failure. In this paper we analyze and compare the effectiveness of different cooling techniques used for outdoor electronics. Various cooling techniques were compared like special coatings and paints on the outer surface, radiation shields, double-walled vented enclosures, fans for internal air circulation and air-to-air heat exchangers. A highly simplified, typical outdoor system was selected for this study measuring approximately 300x300x400 mm (WxLxH). Solar radiation was incident on 3 sides of the enclosure. There were 8 equally spaced PCBs inside the enclosure dissipating 12.5W each uniformly (100 watts total). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of the system was built and analyzed. This was followed by building a mock-up of the system and conducting experiments to validate the CFD model. It was found that some of the simplest cooling techniques like white oil paint on the outer surface can significantly reduce the impact of solar loads. Adding internal circulation fans can also be very effective. Using air-to-air heat exchangers was found to be the most effective solution although it is more complex and costly.

Mahendra Wankhede; V. Khaire; A. Goswami; S. D. Mahajan

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Evaluation of Cooling Solutions for Outdoor Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal management of an outdoor electronic enclosure can be quite challenging due to the additional thermal load from the sun and the requirement of having an air-sealed enclosure. It is essential to consider the effect of solar heating loads in the design process; otherwise, it can shorten the life expectancy of the electronic product or lead to catastrophic failure. In this paper we analyze and compare the effectiveness of different cooling techniques used for outdoor electronics. Various cooling techniques were compared like special coatings and paints on the outer surface, radiation shields, double-walled vented enclosures, fans for internal air circulation and air-to-air heat exchangers. A highly simplified, typical outdoor system was selected for this study measuring approximately 300x300x400 mm (WxLxH). Solar radiation was incident on 3 sides of the enclosure. There were 8 equally spaced PCBs inside the enclosure dissipating 12.5W each uniformly (100 watts total). A computational fluid dynamics (C...

Wankhede, Mahendra; Goswami, A; Mahajan, S D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analysis of cloud-to-ground lightning in Hurricane Andrew  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In August of 1992, Andrew joined a long list of tropical storms that have caused considerable damage and loss of life as they made landfall near a populated area. However, Andrew was unique in the sense that no previous landfalling tropical storm in the United States has provided such an excellent opportunity to study the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning associated with this type of storm. While numerous thunderstorm systems, particularly the severe storms of the Great Plains, have been studied for lightning characteristics, the ability to conduct similar studies on hurricanes has been limited due to the small number which have occurred since the relatively new National Lightning Detection Network has been operational. 17,036 CG strikes over a 77 hour period were attributed to either the eyewall region or the primary spiral rainbands of Andrew. The overall distribution by polarity of the lightning was found to be 2.1% positive and 97.9% negative. As the storm was dissipating over land in Mississippi all lightning observed near the pressure center was positive. Throughout the lifetime of the storm, the negative first stroke peak current decreased while the positive first stroke peak current increased. The mean multiplicity of the negative flashes was 2.6, while the positive lightning had a mean value of 1.2. High-multiplicity flashes (negative CG flashes with 10 strokes or greater) tended to occur in four distinct groups and in time intervals of 19 to 23 hours apart in an area corresponding to the right-forward quadrant to right flank of the storm structure. Comparison of radar data to the lightning data shows that the deep convective regions of the outer rainbands were the areas with the most lightning. A lack of significant lightning observed in the eyewall region is consistent with previous research suggesting microphysical processes in this part of the storm are not favorable for charge separation.

George, William Randel

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Lightning and radar observations of hurricane Rita landfall  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) owns and operates an array of Very-Low Frequency (VLF) sensors that measure the Radio-Frequency (RF) waveforms emitted by Cloud-to-Ground (CG) and InCloud (IC) lightning. This array, the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA), has approximately 15 sensors concentrated in the Great Plains and Florida, which detect electric field changes in a bandwidth from 200 Hz to 500 kHz (Smith et al., 2002). Recently, LANL has begun development of a new dual-band RF sensor array that includes the Very-High Frequency (VHF) band as well as the VLF. Whereas VLF lightning emissions can be used to deduce physical parameters such as lightning type and peak current, VHF emissions can be used to perform precise 3d mapping of individual radiation sources, which can number in the thousands for a typical CG flash. These new dual-band sensors will be used to monitor lightning activity in hurricanes in an effort to better predict intensification cycles. Although the new LANL dual-band array is not yet operational, we have begun initial work utilizing both VLF and VHF lightning data to monitor hurricane evolution. In this paper, we present the temporal evolution of Rita's landfall using VLF and VHF lightning data, and also WSR-88D radar. At landfall, Rita's northern eyewall experienced strong updrafts and significant lightning activity that appear to mark a transition between oceanic hurricane dynamics and continental thunderstorm dynamics. In section 2, we give a brief overview of Hurricane Rita, including its development as a hurricane and its lightning history. In the following section, we present WSR-88D data of Rita's landfall, including reflectivity images and temporal variation. In section 4, we present both VHF and VLF lightning data, overplotted on radar reflectivity images. Finally, we discuss our observations, including a comparison to previous studies and a brief conclusion.

Henderson, Bradley G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Suszcynsky, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamlin, Timothy E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jeffery, C A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Kyle C [TEXAS TECH U.; Orville, R E [TEXAS A& M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Lightning and radar observations of hurricane Rita landfall  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) owns and operates an array of Very-Low Frequency (VLF) sensors that measure the Radio-Frequency (RF) waveforms emitted by Cloud-to-Ground (CG) and InCloud (IC) lightning. This array, the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA), has approximately 15 sensors concentrated in the Great Plains and Florida, which detect electric field changes in a bandwidth from 200 Hz to 500 kHz (Smith et al., 2002). Recently, LANL has begun development of a new dual-band RF sensor array that includes the Very-High Frequency (VHF) band as well as the VLF. Whereas VLF lightning emissions can be used to deduce physical parameters such as lightning type and peak current, VHF emissions can be used to perform precise 3d mapping of individual radiation sources, which can number in the thousands for a typical CG flash. These new dual-band sensors will be used to monitor lightning activity in hurricanes in an effort to better predict intensification cycles. Although the new LANL dual-band array is not yet operational, we have begun initial work utilizing both VLF and VHF lightning data to monitor hurricane evolution. In this paper, we present the temporal evolution of Rita's landfall using VLF and VHF lightning data, and also WSR-88D radar. At landfall, Rita's northern eyewall experienced strong updrafts and significant lightning activity that appear to mark a transition between oceanic hurricane dynamics and continental thunderstorm dynamics. In section 2, we give a brief overview of Hurricane Rita, including its development as a hurricane and its lightning history. In the following section, we present WSR-88D data of Rita's landfall, including reflectivity images and temporal variation. In section 4, we present both VHF and VLF lightning data, overplotted on radar reflectivity images. Finally, we discuss our observations, including a comparison to previous studies and a brief conclusion.

Henderson, Bradley G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Suszcynsky, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamlin, Timothy E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jeffery, C A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Kyle C [TEXAS TECH U.; Orville, R E [TEXAS A& M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient Outdoor Lighting! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient Outdoor Lighting! Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient Outdoor Lighting! Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient Outdoor Lighting! June 20, 2013 - 9:47am Addthis Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install and virtually maintenance free. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ndejan Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Check to see if energy-efficient or solar lighting can fit your outdoor lighting needs this summer. One of the best things about summer to me is all the time I get to spend

125

Insured Lightning-Caused Property Damage in Three Western States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insurance claims resulting from lightning damage in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming were analyzed during the period from 1987 to 1993. Most claims were from personal accounts, while some were commercial.

Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Lowell J. Arnold; John Endres

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Theory and Observations of Controls on Lightning Flash Size Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous analyses of very high frequency (VHF) Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) observations relative to the location of deep convective updrafts have noted a systematic pattern in flash characteristics. In and near strong updrafts, flashes tend to ...

Eric C. Bruning; Donald R. MacGorman

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The Limiting Accuracy of Long Wavelength Lightning Flash Location  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many recently developed systems for lightning flash location use frequencies of hundreds of kHz or higher to achieve enhanced precision, although this reduces potential range. However, for coherent systems operating at high signal-to-noise ratios ...

Anthony C. L. Lee

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Lightning during Two Central U.S. Winter Precipitation Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network-detected cloud-to-ground lightning coincident with mainly frozen precipitation (freezing rain, sleet, snow) was studied over the central United States during two outbreaks of arctic air in January 1994. During the first event, the ratio ...

Ronald L. Holle; Andrew I. Watson

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Definition of GOES Infrared Lightning Initiation Interest Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within cumulus cloud fields that develop in conditionally unstable air masses, only a fraction of the cumuli may eventually develop into deep convection. Identifying which of these convective clouds is most likely to generate lightning often ...

Ryan J. Harris; John R. Mecikalski; Wayne M. MacKenzie Jr.; Philip A. Durkee; Kurt E. Nielsen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Three-Dimensional VHF Lightning Mapping System for Winter Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional (3D) winter lightning mapping system employing very high frequency (VHF) broadband signals was developed for continuous remote observation in winter. VHF broadband pulses radiated by leader progression are received with three ...

Masahide Nishihashi; Ken-ichi Shimose; Kenichi Kusunoki; Syugo Hayashi; Ken-ichiro Arai; Hanako Y. Inoue; Wataru Mashiko; Masako Kusume; Hiroyuki Morishima

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Low-Light-Level Television Measurements of Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nighttime observations of lightning were conducted using a low-light-level television system at the Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research in New Mexico. The number of strokes per flash, the interstroke intervals, and flash durations of ...

K. Stuart Clifton; G. Kelly Hill; George C. Marshall

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Average Diurnal Variation of Summer Lightning over the Floirida Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data derived from a large network of electric field mills have been used to determine the average diurnal variation of lightning in a Florida seacoast environment. These data were obtained at the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Cape ...

Launa M. Maier; E. Philip Krider; Michael W. Maier

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Theory and observations of controls on lightning flash size spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous analyses of VHF Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) observations relative to the location of deep convective updrafts have noted a systematic pattern in flash characteristics. In and near strong updrafts, flashes tend to be smaller and more ...

Eric C. Bruning; Donald R. MacGorman

134

Relationships between Convective Storm Kinematics, Precipitation, and Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combined multiparameter radar, dual-Doppler, thermodynamic sounding, and lightning observations of 11 thunderstorms (6 from the midlatitudes, 5 from the Tropics) are examined. The thunderstorms span a wide spectrum of intensities, from weak ...

Timothy J. Lang; Steven A. Rutledge

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A Total Lightning Trending Algorithm to Identify Severe Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm that provides an early indication of impending severe weather from observed trends in thunderstorm total lightning flash rates has been developed. The algorithm framework has been tested on 20 thunderstorms, including 1 nonsevere ...

Patrick N. Gatlin; Steven J. Goodman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity in Mesoscale Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of cloud-to-ground lightning activity attending an important subclass of mesoscale convective weather systems called the mesoscale convective complex shows that groun discharge flash rates in excess of 1000 h?1 can be sustained on average ...

S. J. Goodman; D. R. MacGorman

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Lightning Direction-Finding Systems for Forest Fire Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extensive networks of magnetic direction-finding (DF) stations have been installed throughout the western United States and Alaska to facilitate early detection of lightning-caused fires. Each station contains a new wideband direction-finder that ...

E. P. Krider; R. C. Noggle; A. E. Pifer; D. L. Vance

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Federal Energy Management Program: Outdoor Solid State Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Power Resources Renewable Energy Outdoor Solid State Lighting Case Studies Picture of LED lighting in a covered parking structure. LED lighting replaced aging systems in this...

139

UVOC-MAC: a MAC protocol for outdoor ultraviolet networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UVOC-MAC: a MAC protocol for outdoor ultraviolet networks. Yiyang Li • Jianxia Ning • Zhengyuan Xu •. Srikanth V. Krishnamurthy • Gang Chen. Ó Springer ...

140

Federal Energy Management Program: Outdoor Solid State Street...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Structures Case Studies Resources Working Group Distributed Energy ResourcesCombined Heat & Power Resources Renewable Energy Outdoor Solid State Street and Roadway Lighting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Federal Energy Management Program: Outdoor Solid State Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Structures Case Studies Resources Working Group Distributed Energy ResourcesCombined Heat & Power Resources Renewable Energy Outdoor Solid State Lighting Resources Picture of...

142

Federal Energy Management Program: Outdoor Solid State Parking...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Structures Case Studies Resources Working Group Distributed Energy ResourcesCombined Heat & Power Resources Renewable Energy Outdoor Solid State Parking Lot and Structure...

143

Minimizing Variation in Outdoor CPV Power Ratings: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CPV community has agreed to have both indoor and outdoor power ratings at the module level. The indoor rating provides a repeatable measure of module performance as it leaves the factory line while the outdoor rating provides a measure of true performance under real world conditions. The challenge with an outdoor rating is that the spectrum, temperature, wind speed, etc are constantly in flux and therefore the resulting power rating varies from day to day and month to month. This work examines different methodologies for determining the outdoor power rating with the goal of minimizing variation even if data are collected under changing meteorological conditions.

Muller, M.; Marion, B.; Rodriguez, J.; Kurtz, S.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Mitigating Lightning Damage at Grower and Shipper of Fresh Vegetables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning-related weather disturbances can cause significant power quality (PQ) issues. Inadequate and poorly maintained lightning protection systems add to the problem and often result in widespread PQ disturbances whose source may be difficult to trace. Facilities encountering such widespread PQ disturbances eventually need a detailed PQ audit to locate, fix, and harden the plant against PQ disturbances. This case study details the findings and recommendations of one such audit conducted at the process...

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

Outdoor Air, Heat Wheels and JCPenney: A New Approach to Retail Ventilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JCPenney Construction Services department is responsible for the construction of new stores, takeover of existing facilities to create a new store, repairs to existing JCPenney facilities and the expansion and modernization of stores across the nation and the world. Each year, JCPenney Construction Services handles approximately 50 projects along these lines. After the implementation of ASHRAE 62- 1989 by JCPenney and many major building codes, including BOCA, mechanical engineers at JCPenney noticed a sharp increase in the percentage of cooling capacity required to cool the outdoor ventilation air. In an effort to limit this impact, both in first cost and in operational costs, JCPenney is beginning to make an effort to use enthalpy heat wheels in the hot and humid climate areas where it is economically feasible. This paper discusses the efforts of JCPenney to implement this option to the treatment of outdoor air in a store in Baton Rouge, LA while maintaining indoor air quality requirements as stated in ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 and maintaining energy efficiency. This paper also discusses the projected energy savings and operations of this alternative to the standard treatment of outdoor air.

Smith, C. S.; Bartlett, T. A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Acceptance of Lightning Detectors and Localization Systems under Different Damping Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The acceptance of individual lightning detectors, idealized detection networks using both loop antenna and time of arrival techniques, and the Swedish lightning localization network have been investigated. The calculations were based on Weibull-...

Th Schütte; E. Pišler; D. Filipovic; S. Israelsson

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Comparing a Regional, Subcontinental, and Long-Range Lightning Location System over the Benelux and France  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing possibilities for using lightning data—for instance, in monitoring and tracking applications—necessitate proper spatial and temporal mapping of lightning events. It is therefore of importance to assess the capabilities and limitations ...

Dieter R. Poelman; Françoise Honoré; Graeme Anderson; Stéphane Pedeboy

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Effects of Charge Distribution in Thunderstorms on Lightning Propagation Paths in Darwin, Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The charge distributions in a thundercloud play an important role in the initiation and propagation of lightning discharges. To further understand the effects of charge distributions on lightning discharge, the authors conducted a very high-...

Manabu Akita; Satoru Yoshida; Yoshitaka Nakamura; Takeshi Morimoto; Tomoo Ushio; Zen Kawasaki; Daohong Wang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Daylight Spectra of Individual Lightning Flashes in the 370–690 nm Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An optical multichannel analyzer slit spectrometer coupled to a minicomputer was used to record lightning spectra. This is the first successful application of a slit spectrometer to the study of individual lightning flashes and it was ...

Richard E. Orville

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Correlating Lightning to Severe Local Storms in the Northeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two tornado events and an intense downburst episode were investigated in an attempt to relate cloud-to-ground lightning rates with the occurrence of severe local storms. The State University of New York at Albany lightning detection system was ...

Richard J. Kane

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Framework for the Statistical Analysis of Large Radar and Lightning Datasets: Results from STEPS 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A framework for the statistical analysis of large radar and lightning datasets is described and implemented in order to analyze two research questions in atmospheric electricity: storms dominated by positive cloud-to-ground (+CG) lightning and ...

Timothy J. Lang; Steven A. Rutledge

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Lightning Activity in a Hail-Producing Storm Observed with Phased-Array Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examined lightning activity relative to the rapidly evolving kinematics of a hail-producing storm on 15 August 2006. Data were provided by the National Weather Radar Testbed Phased-Array Radar, the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array, and ...

C. Emersic; P. L. Heinselman; D. R. MacGorman; E. C. Bruning

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Comparative Analysis of the Temporal Variability of Lightning Observations and GOES Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning Positioning and Tracking System (LPATS) data received by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere via a real-time weather data network were used to study the temporal variability of lightning for a frontal system and ...

P. B. Roohr; T. H. Vonder Haar

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Improving Convective Precipitation Forecasting through Assimilation of Regional Lightning Measurements in a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique developed for assimilating regional lightning measurements into a meteorological model is presented in this paper. The goal is to assess the effectiveness of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning information for improving the convective ...

Anastasios Papadopoulos; Themis G. Chronis; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Morphology of Eyewall Lightning Outbreaks in Two Category 5 Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the Long-Range Lightning Detection Network (LLDN), the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, and reconnaissance aircraft are used to analyze the morphology of lightning outbreaks in the eyewalls of Hurricanes Rita and ...

K. Squires; S. Businger

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The North American Lightning Detection Network (NALDN)—First Results: 1998–2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning data have been analyzed for the years 1998–2000 for North America (Canada plus the contiguous United States) for all ground flashes, positive flashes, the percentage of positive lightning, peak currents for negative and ...

Richard E. Orville; Gary R. Huffines; William R. Burrows; Ronald L. Holle; Kenneth L. Cummins

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Polarimetric and Electrical Characteristics of a Lightning Ring in a Supercell Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 30 May 2004, a supercell storm was sampled by a suite of instrumentation that had been deployed as part of the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment (TELEX). The instrumentation included the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array (OK-...

Clark D. Payne; Terry J. Schuur; Donald R. MacGorman; Michael I. Biggerstaff; Kristin M. Kuhlman; W. David Rust

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Relationships between Lightning Location and Polarimetric Radar Signatures in a Small Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 19 June 2004, the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment observed electrical, microphysical, and kinematic properties of a small mesoscale convective system (MCS). The primary observing systems were the Oklahoma Lightning ...

Nicole R. Lund; Donald R. MacGorman; Terry J. Schuur; Michael I. Biggerstaff; W. David Rust

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Observed Lightning Morphology Relative to Modeled Space Charge and Electric Field Distributions in a Tornadic Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses a kinematic numerical cloud model that includes electrification and lightning discharge processes to investigate hypotheses concerning intracloud lightning flash rates in the Binger, Oklahoma, tornadic storm of 22 May 1981. ...

Conrad L. Ziegler; Donald R. MacGorman

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Observations of Lightning in Convective Supercells within Tropical Storms and Hurricanes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning observations from land-based lightning detection networks now allow monitoring this component of the electrical structure of tropical storms and hurricanes within a few hundred kilometers of the United States ...

Walter A. Lyons; Cecil S. Keen

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Statistical Procedure to Forecast Warm Season Lightning over Portions of the Florida Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sixteen years of cloud-to-ground lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network and morning radiosonde-derived parameters are used to develop a statistical scheme to provide improved forecast guidance for warm season afternoon and ...

Phillip E. Shafer; Henry E. Fuelberg

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Lake-Effect Snowstorms in Northern Utah and Western New York with and without Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lake-effect snowstorms in northern Utah and western New York with and without lightning/thunder are examined. Lake-effect snowstorms with lightning have significantly higher temperatures and dewpoints in the lower troposphere and significantly ...

David M. Schultz

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Total Lightning Characteristics Relative to Radar and Satellite Observations of Oklahoma Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of regional very high frequency (VHF) Lightning Mapping Arrays (LMAs) makes it possible to begin analyzing trends in total lightning characteristics in ensembles of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). Flash initiations observed by the ...

Jeffrey A. Makowski; Donald R. MacGorman; Michael I. Biggerstaff; William H. Beasley

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Lightning over Arizona from a Power Utility Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was designed to determine whether a spatially significant and temporally persistent variation in cloud-to-ground lightning frequency exists across the Salt River Project (SRP) region of central Arizona. Cloud-to-ground lightning data ...

Raúl E. López; Ronald L. Holle; Andrew I. Watson; Jon Skindlov

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA): VHF Source Retrieval Algorithm and Error Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two approaches are used to characterize how accurately the north Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) is able to locate lightning VHF sources in space and time. The first method uses a Monte Carlo computer simulation to estimate source retrieval ...

W. J. Koshak; R. J. Solakiewicz; R. J. Blakeslee; S. J. Goodman; H. J. Christian; J. M. Hall; J. C. Bailey; E. P. Krider; M. G. Bateman; D. J. Boccippio; D. M. Mach; E. W. McCaul; M. F. Stewart; D. E. Buechler; W. A. Petersen; D. J. Cecil

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Highlights of a New Ground-Based, Hourly Global Lightning Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonally and diurnally varying frequency of lightning flashes provides a measure of the frequency of occurrence of intense convection and, as such, is useful in describing the Earth's climate. Here we present a few highlights of a global lightning ...

Katrina S. Virts; John M. Wallace; Michael L. Hutchins; Robert H. Holzworth

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Lightning Casualties and Damages in the United States from 1959 to 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning-caused fatalities, injuries, and damage reports for the United States are listed in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration publication Storm Data. Previously published studies of lightning casualties and damages in the ...

E. Brian Curran; Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Exploring Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Earth Highpoint Attachment Geography by Peak Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study applied remotely sensed cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning strike location data, a digital elevation model (DEM), and a geographic information system (GIS) to characterize negative polarity peak current CG lightning Earth attachment ...

Brandon J. Vogt

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The Daily Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash Density in the Contiguous United States and Finland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is developed to quantify thunderstorm intensity according to cloud-to-ground lightning flashes (hereafter ground flashes) determined by a lightning-location sensor network. The method is based on the ground flash density ND per ...

Antti Mäkelä; Pekka Rossi; David M. Schultz

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Laboratory Calibration of the Optical Transient Detector and the Lightning Imaging Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present in detail the laboratory apparatus and techniques that were used to complete a full radiometric calibration of two space-based lightning detectors: the optical transient detector (OTD) and the lightning imaging sensor (LIS) ...

William J. Koshak; Mike F. Stewart; Hugh J. Christian; James W. Bergstrom; John M. Hall; Richard J. Solakiewicz

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Winter Lightning and Heavy Frozen Precipitation in the Southeast United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study addresses winter season lightning by examining synoptic-scale circulations, cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning patterns, and frozen precipitation. Specifically, locations, frequencies, and polarities of CG flashes are related to the ...

S. M. Hunter; S. J. Underwood; R. L. Holle; T. L. Mote

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Radar and Lightning Observations of Normal and Inverted Polarity Multicellular Storms from STEPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discusses radar and lightning observations of two multicellular storms observed during the Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study. The Lightning Mapping Array data indicated that the charge structure of the 19 June ...

Sarah A. Tessendorf; Steven A. Rutledge; Kyle C. Wiens

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Return-Stroke Multiplicity of Negative Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The percentage of negative lightning flashes composed of a single stroke is examined. This percentage is estimated from data reported by the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) for Florida and New Mexico and is compared with that ...

Vladimir A. Rakov; Gary R. Huffines

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Meteorological and Electrical Conditions Associated with Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorological and electrical conditions associated with the occurrence of positive cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning (i.e., lightning that lowers positive charge to ground) are examined. Results from case studies in winter and summer storms reveal ...

Cynthia D. Engholm; Earle R. Williams; Randall M. Dole

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Warm Season Lightning Probability Prediction for Canada and the Northern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical models valid May–September were developed to predict the probability of lightning in 3-h intervals using observations from the North American Lightning Detection Network and predictors derived from Global Environmental Multiscale (GEM)...

William R. Burrows; Colin Price; Laurence J. Wilson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The Impact of a 2 × CO2 Climate on Lightning-Caused Fires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future climate change could have significant repercussions for lightning-caused wildfires. Two empirical fire models are presented relating the frequency of lightning fires and the area burned by these fires to the elective precipitation and the ...

Colin Price; David Rind

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Case for Using Blunt-Tipped Lightning Rods as Strike Receptors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional lightning rods used in the United States have sharp tips, a practice derived from Benjamin Franklin's discovery of a means to obtain protection from lightning. However, the virtue of sharp tips for strike reception has never been ...

C. B. Moore; G. D. Aulich; William Rison

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Documenting Storm Severity in the Mid-Atlantic Region Using Lightning and Radar Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Storm severity in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States is examined using lightning, radar, and model-derived information. Automated Warning Decision Support System (WDSS) procedures are developed to create grids of lightning and radar ...

Scott D. Rudlosky; Henry E. Fuelberg

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Conservation and Outdoor Education in the Schools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Education in the Schools Education in the Schools Nature Bulletin No. 374-A March 21, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CONSERVATION AND OUTDOOR EDUCATION IN THE SCHOOLS Given a favorable climate, two things make and keep a nation great: its people and its natural resources. The well-being of our nation depends upon the wise use of those resources. They provide our basic requirements -- food, clothing and shelter. There is ample evidence that a very large portion of all teachers recognize the need for conservation and the importance of environmental education. Leading educators say that teachers realize the why of conservation but need help with the what, when, where and how -- how to teach the topic so that it hooks onto the personal lives of their students and is translated into behavior -- how to bring conservation home to all pupils in terms of day-to-day living.

180

Outdoor Outfitter Gets Greener With Solar Water Heater | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outdoor Outfitter Gets Greener With Solar Water Heater Outdoor Outfitter Gets Greener With Solar Water Heater Outdoor Outfitter Gets Greener With Solar Water Heater October 8, 2010 - 12:51pm Addthis L.L. Bean’s flagship store sees nearly 3 million visitors each year. The store now uses solar-heated water for showers, restrooms and two cafes. | Photo courtesy of L.L. Bean | L.L. Bean's flagship store sees nearly 3 million visitors each year. The store now uses solar-heated water for showers, restrooms and two cafes. | Photo courtesy of L.L. Bean | Lindsay Gsell L.L. Bean is known for its outdoor apparel- jackets, backpacks and cozy winter sweaters. However, the company does more than just dress for the outdoors, it also works to protect and preserve it. For nearly 100 years, L.L. Bean has been committed to environmental conservation and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Summertime Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity around Major Midwestern Urban Areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning flash data collected by the National Lightning Detection Network were analysed in and around 16 central U.S. cities for the period 1989?92. Lightning data are well suited to study storm activity in and around large urban ...

Nancy E. Westcott

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Dynamic Simulation of Lightning Attachment to Earthed Overhead Transmission Line Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a novel method is presented to investigate lightning stroke attachment to earthed overhead transmission line structures. This method is based on the dynamic simulation of lightning downward leader movement toward the ground in three dimensions. ... Keywords: charge simulation method, downward leader, lightning, transmission line, upward leader

Mohammad Reza Bank Tavakoli; Behrooz Vahidi

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

LPAT: An interactive simulation tool for assessing the lightning performance of Hellenic high voltage transmission lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents the Lightning Performance Assessment Tool (LPAT), an interactive simulation tool which assesses the lightning performance of high voltage transmission lines. The LPAT design was based on a recently published methodology that has been ... Keywords: Lightning performance, Optical transient density, Overhead transmission lines, Simulation, Software tool, User interface

P. Karampelas; L. Ekonomou; S. Panetsos; G. E. Chatzarakis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012) Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoorPredictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor airpredictive models of clothing insulation have been developed

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Lightning Dock II Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 32.346944444444°, -108.70722222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346944444444,"lon":-108.70722222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Minimizing Variation in Outdoor CPV Power Ratings (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presented at the 7th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems (CPV-7), 4-6 April 2011, Las Vegas, Nevada. The CPV community has agreed to have both indoor and outdoor power ratings at the module level. The indoor rating provides a repeatable measure of module performance as it leaves the factory line while the outdoor rating provides a measure of true performance under real world conditions. The challenge with an outdoor rating is that the spectrum, temperature, wind speed, etc are constantly in flux and therefore the resulting power rating varies from day to day and month to month. This work examines different methodologies for determining the outdoor power rating with the goal of minimizing variation even if data are collected under changing meteorological conditions.

Muller, M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Federal Energy Management Program: Outdoor Solid-State Lighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outdoor solid-state lighting (SSL) technology has the potential to reduce U.S. lighting energy usage by nearly one half and contribute significantly to our nation's climate...

188

The Effects of Clouds on the Light Produced by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo method has been used to simulate the transport of visible (0.45 ?m) and near-infrared (0.87 ?m) photons which are produced by transient light sources, such as lightning, within cubic, spherical and cylindrical clouds. Computations ...

L. W. Thomson; E. P. Krider

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Switching Surge and Lightning Impact on Increasing Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the effect of transient overvoltages on increasing the power flow on the electric power transmission system. The report focuses on the effect of system changes on transient recovery voltage (TRV) duties imposed on circuit breakers, and the impact of switching surges, lightning, and sustained overvoltages on transmission line upgrading.

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

190

A Small Updraft Producing a Fatal Lightning Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Just prior to 1900 UTC 25 July 2000, an 18-year-old male was fatally wounded by a lightning flash on the summit of Pikes Peak, Colorado. This case is believed to be unique in that radar and satellite data indicated that the cell that produced the ...

Stephen Hodanish; Ronald L. Holle; Daniel T. Lindsey

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Carbon dioxide emission during forest fires ignited by lightning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we developed the model for the carbon dioxide emission from forest fire. The master equation for the spreading of the carbon dioxide to atmosphere is the hyperbolic diffusion equation. In the paper we study forest fire ignited by lightning. In that case the fores fire has the well defined front which propagates with finite velocity.

Magdalena Pelc; Radoslaw Osuch

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ground Truth: A Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the circumstances and effects of a cloud-to-ground lightning flash that lowered positive charge and struck a residential home near Albany, New York. The characteristics of the flash were detected and recorded by a wide-band magnetic ...

Vincent P. Idone; Richard E. Orville; Ronald W. Henderson

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Forecasting Lightning Threat Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two new approaches are proposed and developed for making time- and space-dependent, quantitative short-term forecasts of lightning threats, and a blend of these approaches is devised that capitalizes on the strengths of each. The new methods are ...

Eugene W. McCaul Jr.; Steven J. Goodman; Katherine M. LaCasse; Daniel J. Cecil

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Lightning, fire and longleaf pine: Using natural disturbance to guide management.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract The importance of lightning as an ignition source for the fire adapted longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) ecosystem is widely recognized. Lightning also impacts this system on a smaller scale by causing individual tree mortality. The objective of this study was to determine mortality due to lightning and other agents in longleaf stands on the Ocala National Forest in central Florida and to quantify lightning ignited fire. Mortality from lightning was also tracked in longleaf stands on the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Lightning killed more trees than any other agent with a mean mortality of nearly 1 tree/3 ha/yr in Florida and 1 tree/8 ha/yr in South Carolina. The probability of a tree being struck by lightning increased as a function of tree height at both sites, i.e. lightning preferentially removed the largest trees from the stand. In addition lightning strikes were clumped within stands, sometimes killed multiple trees with a single strike, and often hit trees on the edge of existing gaps. The combination of these processes means gaps suitable for regeneration within longleaf stands are created quite rapidly. This information provides guidelines for the development of selection harvest systems based on this natural disturbance. Although lightning activity was greatest during the summer months in Florida and most fires occurred in June, the probability of a strike causing a fire was highest in February to May. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Kenneth W. Outcalt

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U. S. National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) has recorded cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning observations regularly for more than a decade (1989-2000). The main research focus using the recorded NLDN data has been the creation of lightning climatologies (e.g. Orville and Huffines 1999). These climatologies have revealed important results that indicated certain patterns of lightning behavior across the U. S. One of the most significant findings from such work has been the observance of lightning "hot spots" over and near cities (Westcott 1995). Houston, TX is one such "hot spot," with significant enhancement (45%, all 12 years) of lightning activity observed over and downwind of the urban area. Enhancement varied based on season and time of day, with the greatest enhancements occurring during the summer (58%) and the late morning/afternoon time periods in each season. Two other interesting features discovered during this study included a decrease (-12%) in the percentage of flashes lowering positive charge to ground over the city, and significantly larger values of negative median peak current measured along the coast and well into the Gulf of Mexico. One hypothesis proposed for explaining the Houston enhancement includes the complex sea breeze and associated low-level convergence that result because of the proximity of Galveston Bay to the southeast of Houston. Also, there are a multitude of factors associated with a large city such as Houston that can modify the local climate. Some of these urban factors include: increased cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentrations, especially from industrial pollution, the urban heat island, and frictional lift. It has been proposed by Rosenfeld and Lensky (1998) that the large quantity of CCN in polluted areas can enhance a storm's electrical state because they act to decrease the coalescence and rainout cloud processes, therefore allowing more supercooled liquid water to exist within the storm. The urban heat island can enhance thunderstorm initiation through increasing the low-level mesoscale convergence and upward motion directly over the city. The observations showed support for each one of these aspects to be a factor in enhanced lightning activity over Houston.

Steiger, Scott Michael

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Lightning Frequency and Microphysical Properties of Precipitating Clouds over the Western North Pacific during Winter as Derived from TRMM Multisensor Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission observations from multiple sensors including precipitation radar, microwave and infrared radiometers, and a lightning sensor were used to describe precipitation, lightning frequency, and microphysical ...

Yasu-Masa Kodama; Haruna Okabe; Yukie Tomisaka; Katsuya Kotono; Yoshimi Kondo; Hideyuki Kasuya

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Exploration Activity Details...

198

Evolution of Lightning Activity and Storm Charge Relative to Dual-Doppler Analysis of a High-Precipitation Supercell Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-precipitation tornadic supercell storm was observed on 29–30 May 2004 during the Thunderstorm Electrification and Lightning Experiment. Observational systems included the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array, mobile balloon-borne soundings, and ...

Kristin M. Calhoun; Donald R. MacGorman; Conrad L. Ziegler; Michael I. Biggerstaff

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Preliminary Development and Evaluation of Lightning Jump Algorithms for the Real-Time Detection of Severe Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have demonstrated that rapid increases in total lightning activity (intracloud + cloud-to-ground) are often observed tens of minutes in advance of the occurrence of severe weather at the ground. These rapid increases in lightning ...

Christopher J. Schultz; Walter A. Petersen; Lawrence D. Carey

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in the United States: NLDN Results in the First Decade, 1989–98  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical and geographical characteristics of over 216 million cloud-to-ground lightning flashes recorded during the first decade (1989–98) of operation of the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) covering the entire continental United ...

Richard E. Orville; Gary R. Huffines

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Anomalously Low Negative Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash Rates in Intense Convective Storms Observed during STERAO-A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concurrent measurements from the CSU-CHILL multiparameter Doppler radar, the Office National d’Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales VHF lightning interferometer, and the National Lightning Detection Network, obtained during phase A of the ...

Timothy J. Lang; Steven A. Rutledge; James E. Dye; Martin Venticinque; Pierre Laroche; Eric Defer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Characteristics of Sprite-Producing Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning during the 19 July 2000 STEPS Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the summer of 2000, the Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study (STEPS) program deployed a three-dimensional Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) near Goodland, Kansas. Video confirmation of sprites triggered by lightning ...

Walter A. Lyons; Thomas E. Nelson; Earle R. Williams; Steven A. Cummer; Mark A. Stanley

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Performance Assessment of the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN), Using the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA) as Ground Truth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Wide Lighting Location Network (WWLLN) locates lightning globally, using sparsely distributed very low frequency (VLF) detection stations. Due to WWLLN’s detection at VLF (in this case 10 kHz), the lightning signals from strong strokes ...

Abram R. Jacobson; Robert Holzworth; Jeremiah Harlin; Richard Dowden; Erin Lay

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Diurnal Lightning Variability over the Maritime Continent: Impact of Low-Level Winds, Cloudiness, and the MJO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning over the Maritime Continent exhibits a pronounced diurnal cycle. Daytime and evening lightning occurs near coastlines and over mountain slopes, driven by sea and valley breezes. Nocturnal and morning thunderstorms are touched off where ...

Katrina S. Virts; John M. Wallace; Michael L. Hutchins; Robert H. Holzworth

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Pre- and Postupgrade Distributions of NLDN Reported Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Characteristics in the Contiguous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) underwent a major upgrade during 2002–03 that increased its sensitivity and improved its performance. It is important to examine cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning distributions before and after this ...

Scott D. Rudlosky; Henry E. Fuelberg

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Intercomparison Study of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flashes Observed by KARITLDS and KLDN at South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concern regarding lightning activity as a precursor of severe weather is increasing. Atmospheric electricity, including lightning phenomena, is one of most serious threats to successful space launch operations. The objective of this study was to ...

Bong-Jae Kuk; Hong-Il Kim; Jong-Sung Ha; Hyo-Keun Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Fuzzy Logic Method for Lightning Prediction Using Thermodynamic and Kinematic Parameters from Radio Sounding Observations in South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning is one of the most troubling weather phenomena for weather forecasters at space centers. In this study, proximity sounding and lightning data were used to evaluate the utility of thermodynamic and kinematic parameters for forecasting ...

Bongjae Kuk; Hongil Kim; Jongsung Ha; Hyokeun Lee; Gyuwon Lee

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Study of the Periodicities of Lightning Activity in Three Main Thunderstorm Centers Based on Schumann Resonance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time variations of lightning activity in the three main tropical thunderstorm centers located in the Maritime Continent (Pakistan, India, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Australia), Africa, and the Americas are analyzed using a lightning activity ...

Zenon Nieckarz; Stanis?aw Zi?ba; Andrzej Ku?ak; Adam Michalec

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

High-Resolution Simulation of the Electrification and Lightning of Hurricane Rita during the Period of Rapid Intensification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a high-resolution simulation establishing relationships between lightning and eyewall convection during the rapid intensification phase of Rita will be highlighted. The simulation is an attempt to relate simulated lightning ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Jon M. Reisner

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Lightning dock geothermal space heating project, Lightning Dock KGRA, New Mexico. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The proposed project was to take the existing geothermal greenhouse and home heating systems, which consisted of pumping geothermal water and steam through passive steam heaters, and convert the systems to one using modern heat exchange units. It was proposed to complete the existing unfinished, re-inforced glass side wall, wood framed structure, as a nursery lath house, the purpose of which would be to use geothermal water in implementing university concepts on the advantages of bottom heat to establish hardy root systems in nursery and bedding plants. The use of this framework was abandoned in favor of erecting new structures for the proposed purpose. The final project of the proposal was the establishment of a drip irrigation system, to an area just west of the existing greenhouse and within feet of the geothermal well. Through this drip irrigation system geothermal water would be pumped, to prevent killing spring frosts. The purpose of this area of the proposal is to increase the potential use of existing geothermal waters of the Lightning Dock KGRA, in opening a new geothermal agri-industry which is economically feasible for the area and would be extremely energy efficient.

McCants, T.W.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Understanding the Physics and PQ Impacts of Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Power Quality Knowledge program provides a wealth of resources in well-designed, readable, and accessible formats. Paramount among these resources are documents covering a wide range of PQ topics, written not only for use by busy PQ professionals, but also to be shared with important end-use customers and internal utility managers. This PQ TechWatch explores lightning, its history as filtered through human experience, and current methods and technologies employed to protect transmission and dist...

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

Thunderstorm characteristics of cloud-to-ground lightning at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida: a study of lightning initiation signatures as indicated by Doppler radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sum-nary of lightning characteristics was developed for the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). From-n a 1989-1996 data set, the spatial patterns, temporal patterns, and first stroke mean peak current were analyzed. Forty five thunderstorms were chosen due to their isolated development over KSC. Forty of the storms representing summer (May through September) airmass thunderstorms and five storms representing winter were examined for their storms-n initiation characteristics. Radar reflectivity echoes at the -10 C,-15 C, and-20 C temperature heights were associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning strike locations from the National Lightning Detection Network. A distinct region of high ground flash densities can be seen over land matching the topography of the KSC coastline. A maximum of values was observed during the summer months for both negative and positive flashes. The absolute i-magnitude of negative peak currents was found to be higher than positive peak currents in Florida. Although thunderstorms can Occur at any time during the day, the diurnal distribution of lightning flashes showed that the afternoon (2000-2200 UTC) was the time of maximum lightning activity. From a time history of radar-echoes, it was found that the 30 dBZ echo detected at the-I 5'C temperature height is the best indicator of the beginning of CG lightning activity. The observed median lag time between this lightning initiation signature and the beginning of CG lightning flashes was 15.5 minutes. Other lightning initiation signatures were also examined at all three temperature heights and did not yield as successful results.

Gremillion, Michael Shane

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Cloud-to-ground lightning-precipitation relationships in the South Central United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the general coexistence of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning and precipitation, there have been few studies on the nature of the relationship between these two phenomena. This study endeavors to explore this relationship, concentrating on three facets: the strength and variability of the linear correlation between the two parameters, and the possible benefits of including additional parameters to this relationship; the differences in several atmospheric and lightning parameters corresponding to differences in the precipitation-to-CG lightning ratio, and the search for an optimal radius for inclusion of CG lightning flashes when comparing them to point precipitation values. Six regions (each on the order of I' latitude by I' longitude) from the states of Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana are examined. The parameters are examined on daily and/or monthly time scales. This study uses CG lightning data which were recorded by the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) during the months of April through October in the years 1989 to 1993. Precipitation data are included from all available first-order, second-order, and cooperative stations. Atmospheric parameters are computed from soundings in the region. A primary tool used in the analyses is the linear regression model for examining linear relations among CG lightning, precipitation, and other parameters. In addition, the t-test and Wilcoxon Rank Sum test are used to discern statistically significant differences in atmospheric and lightning parameters between groups of days categorized by the precipitation-to-CG lightning ratio. The results show that linear correlations between CG lightning and precipitation for a region are highly varied; there are generally higher correlations in regions further away from the Gulf of Mexico. The only parameter which is a significantly beneficial addition to the model which included CG lightning and precipitation is a measure of the amount of positive CG flashes. When days are categorized by a precipitation-to-CG lightning ratio, the percent positive shows the most dramatic differences, with values on "high precipitation-to-lightning" days from roughly five to twelve times the value on "low precipitation-to-lightning" days. Several other parameters show statistically significant differences as well. Lastly, tests on several different radii suggest that there is no consistent optimal radius for CG lightning-precipitation comparisons.

Sheridan, Scott Christopher

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Title Assessing Sheltering-In-Place Responses to Outdoor Toxic Releases Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2005 Authors Sohn, Michael D., Richard G. Sextro, and David M. Lorenzetti Conference Name 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate - Indoor Air 2005 Volume 2(6) Pagination 1792-1796 Date Published Sept. 4-9, 2005 Publisher Tsinghua University Press Conference Location Beijing, China Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, airflow modeling, comis, countermeasures to chemical and biological threats, emergency response, exposure, indoor environment department, shelter-in-place Abstract An accidental or intentional outdoor release of pollutants can produce a hazardous plume, potentially contaminating large portions of a metropolitan area as it disperses downwind. To minimize health consequences on the populace, government and research organizations often recommend sheltering in place when evacuation is impractical. Some reports also recommend "hardening" an indoor shelter, for example by applying duct tape to prevent leakage into a bathroom. However, few studies have quantified the perceived beneficial effects of sheltering and hardening, or examined the limits of their applicability. In this paper, we examine how sheltering and hardening might reduce exposure levels under different building and meteorological conditions (e.g., wind direction). We predict concentrations and exposure levels for several conditions, and discuss the net benefits from several sheltering and hardening options

215

Long Term Outdoor Testing of Low Concentration Solar Modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 1?axis carousel tracker equipped with four 3?sun low?concentration mirror modules has now been under test outdoors at the University of Nevada in Las Vegas (UNLV) for three years. There are three unique features associated with this unit. First

Lewis Fraas; James Avery; Leonid Minkin; H. X. Huang; Tim Hebrink; Rik Hurt; Robert Boehm

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Trio: enabling sustainable and scalable outdoor wireless sensor network deployments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the philosophy, design, and initial evaluation of the Trio Testbed, a new outdoor sensor network deployment that consists of 557 solar-powered motes, seven gateway nodes, and a root server. The testbed covers an area of approximately 50,000 ... Keywords: detection, large-scale, long-life, sensor networks, surveillance, target tracking, testbed

Prabal Dutta; Jonathan Hui; Jaein Jeong; Sukun Kim; Cory Sharp; Jay Taneja; Gilman Tolle; Kamin Whitehouse; David Culler

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Improving data fusion in personal positioning systems for outdoor environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fault detection and correction methodology for personal positioning systems for outdoor environments is presented. We demonstrate its successful use in a system consisting of a global positioning system receiver and an inertial measurement unit. Localization ... Keywords: Adaptive Kalman filtering, Causal diagnosis, Chi-square test, Dead reckoning, Fault detection, Pedestrian positioning

E. Pulido Herrera; H. Kaufmann; J. Secue; R. QuiróS; G. Fabregat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Socioeconomic and Outdoor Meteorological Determinants of Indoor Temperature and Humidity in New York City Dwellings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous mechanisms link outdoor weather and climate conditions to human health. It is likely that many health conditions are more directly affected by indoor rather than outdoor conditions. Yet, the relationship between indoor temperature and ...

J. D. Tamerius; M. S. Perzanowski; L. M. Acosta; J. S. Jacobson; I. F. Goldstein; J. W. Quinn; A. G. Rundle; J. Shaman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Objective Method for Selecting Outdoor Reporting Conditions for Photovoltaic Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Outdoor performance of photovoltaic modules and systems depends on prevailing conditions at the time of measurement. Outdoor test conditions must be relevant to device performance and readily attainable. Flat-plate, nonconcentrator PV device performance is reported with respect to fixed conditions referred to as Standard Reporting Conditions (SRC) of 1 kW/m{sup 2} plane of array total irradiance, 25 C device temperature, and a reference spectral distribution at air mass 1.5 under certain atmospheric conditions. We report a method of analyzing historical meteorological and irradiance data to determine the range of outdoor environmental parameters and solar irradiance components that affect solar collector performance when the SRC 1 kW/m{sup 2} total irradiance value occurs outdoors. We used data from the 30 year U.S. National Solar Radiation Data Base (NSRDB) , restricting irradiance conditions to within +/- 25 W/m{sup 2} of 1 kW/m{sup 2} on a solar tracking flat-plate collector. The distributions of environmental parameter values under these conditions are non-Gaussian and site dependent. Therefore the median, as opposed to the mean, of the observed distributions is chosen to represent appropriate outdoor reporting conditions. We found the average medians for the direct beam component (834 W/m{sup 2}), ambient temperature (24.4 C), total column water vapor (1.4 cm), and air mass (1.43) are near commonly used SRC values. Average median wind speed (4.4 m/s) and broadband aerosol optical depth (0.08) were significantly different from commonly used values.

Myers, D. R.; Kurtz, S. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Whitaker, C.; Townsend, T. (Endecon Engineering: San Ramon, California); Maish, A. (Sandia National Laboratories: Albuquerque, New Mexico)

1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

220

Lightning Rates Relative to Tornadic Storm Evolution on 22 May 1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 22 May 1981, we acquired lightning and Doppler radar data on two tornadic storms in Oklahoma. Cloud-to-ground lightning flash rates were measured with a magnetic direction-finder network, and total flash rates in the vicinity of the ...

Donald R. MacGorman; Donald W. Burgess; Vladislav Mazur; W. David Rust; William L. Taylor; Brenda C. Johnson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Relationship of Lightning to Surface Convergence at Kennedy Space Center: A Preliminary Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning is a significant meteorological problem at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Of particular importance is the growth of lightning-bearing clouds in the vicinity of KSC, for which warnings must be considered on a daily ...

Andrew I. Watson; Raúl E. López; Ronald L. Holle; John R. Daugherty

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE The Effect ENSO Has on Lightning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or no effect on flash rates. Historical records of lightning flash rates and lightning climatology are fairly generate greater flash rates along the Gulf Coast, while neutral or La Niña phases tend to have little by an atmospheric discharge of electricity and is most commonly found in thunderstorms (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2008

Maryland at College Park, University of

223

The North American Lightning Detection Network (NALDN)—Analysis of Flash Data: 2001–09  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data have been analyzed for the years 2001–09 for North America, which includes Alaska, Canada, and the lower 48 U.S. states. Flashes recorded within the North American Lightning Detection Network (NALDN) are ...

Richard E. Orville; Gary R. Huffines; William R. Burrows; Kenneth L. Cummins

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Lightning-Initiation Locations as a Remote Sensing Tool of Large Thunderstorm Electric Field Vectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lightning data that are recorded with a three-dimensional lightning mapping array (LMA) are compared with data from an electric field change sensor (in this case a flat-plate antenna operated both as a “slow” and a “fast” antenna). The goal ...

Christopher Maggio; Lee Coleman; Thomas Marshall; Maribeth Stolzenburg; Mark Stanley; Timothy Hamlin; Paul Krehbiel; William Rison; Ron Thomas

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Diurnal variations of NLDN-reported cloud-to-ground lightning in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National maps of cloud-to-ground lightning flash density in flashes km-2 yr-1 for one or more years have been produced since the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) was first deployed across the contiguous 48 U.S. states in 1989. However, ...

Ronald L. Holle

226

Highlights of a new ground-based, hourly global lightning climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonally and diurnally-varying frequency of lightning flashes provides a measure of the frequency of occurrence of intense convection and, as such, is useful in describing the Earth's climate. Here we present a few highlights of a global lightning ...

Katrina S. Virts; John M. Wallace; Michael L. Hutchins; Robert H. Holzworth

227

An Isolated Winter Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash Causing Damage and Injury in Connecticut  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An isolated lightning flash at 1436:52 UTC 11 February 1996 struck and destroyed a house in Burlington, Connecticut, injuring an occupant of the house. A flash detected simultaneously by the National Lightning Detection Network was within 1.1 km ...

Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Kenneth W. Howard; Kenneth L. Cummins; Mark D. Malone; E. Philip Krider

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Development of a Long-Range Lightning Detection Network for the Pacific: Construction, Calibration, and Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The waveguide between the earth’s surface and the ionosphere allows very low-frequency (VLF) emissions generated by lightning, called sferics, to propagate over long distances. The new Pacific Lightning Detection Network (PacNet), as a part of a ...

Antti T. Pessi; Steven Businger; K. L. Cummins; N. W. S. Demetriades; M. Murphy; B. Pifer

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Relationship between Lightning Activity over Peninsular India and Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of spatiotemporal variation of lightning activity over Peninsular India (8°–22°N, 72°–88°E) by using monthly satellite-based lightning flash grid (1° × 1°) data for a period of 10 yr (1998–2007). The data are examined ...

M. I. R. Tinmaker; Kaushar Ali; G. Beig

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Real-Time Measurement of Rates of Outdoor Airflow into HVAC Systems: A Field Study of Three Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to determine flow resistance of HVAC ducts and fittings.W. 2003. Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: an evaluation ofof outdoor airflow into HVAC systems. Lawrence Berkeley

Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Lightning location characteristics and vertical structure analysis of isolated storm cells in the TOGA COARE region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies have investigated the difference in structure between continental and oceanic storms, and tropical versus mid-latitude storms. This is the first study that has investigated the differences in vertical structure between lightning producing storm cells, and non-lightning producing cells over the tropical oceans. The characteristics of lightning locations with respect to radar reflectivity were also examined. Lightning characteristics of flashes associated with TOGA COARE storm cells were examined. One hundred fifty-three flashes were detected by three direction finders within the study area, a 150 kilometer circle around the Vickers research vessel. Radar reflectivities and reflectivity gradients were compared to flash counts. It was found that lightning flashes tended to occur in the convective region (the region enclosed by the 30 dBZ contour) with a peak at 37 dBZ, but avoiding the highest reflectivity values. Flashes often occurred in reflectivity gradients higher than 3 dBZ/km at 2 and 5 kilometers, which is the likely position of an updraft-downdraft interface. Isolated storm cells from four days during TOGA COARE were analyzed. Mean vertical profiles of radar reflectivity (VPRR) were constructed; these profiles were compared with other VPRRs from other tropical oceanic storms, and tropical and mid latitude continental storms. Reflectivity lapse rates were found to be effective in discriminating between lightning and non-lightning storms. A connection between the amount of lightning flashes and characteristics of VPRRs was examined. It was found that lightning and non-lightning storm cell VPRRs were associated with lower reflectivity lapse rates than ever previously been found for tropical oceanic storms. Reflectivity lapse rate of the mean profiles of lightning storm cells was 3.32 dBZ/km versus the 4.33 dBZ/km found for non-lightning storms. Lightning storms had reflectivity lapse rates similar to 3.5 dBZ/km lapse rate of tropical continental storms studied by Zipser and Lutz (I 994). Lapse rates of non-lightning cells significantly exceeded lapse rates from other cells in different tropical oceanic regimes.

Barnaby, Stephen Andrew

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The convective structures associated with cloud-to-ground lightning in TOGA COARE Mesoscale Convective Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The TOGA COARE experiment was carried out in the western Pacific warm pool region from November 1992 through February 1993. Data from TOGA COARE provide the opportunity for comprehensive studies of tropical oceanic convection. This study seeks to understand more about the structures of tropical mesoscale convective systems in relation to their lightning activity and cold cloud area. The properties of convective cores within the MCSs, as well as their infrared (IR) cloud top temperatures are related to cloud-to-ground lightning. IR and lightning time histories for each case are compared, and the cases ranked by mean flashes per 10000 km2. For selected cases, radar/lightning overlays and vertical profiles of maximum radar reflectivities (VPRRs) are shown in order to describe the convective structures of cells that produced lightning, and also cells that did not produce lightning. IR cloud-top temperature and lightning histories indicate the highly variable nature of the TOGA COARE MCSs. Some MCSs which have very cold cloud-top temperatures have little or no lightning. When a system did produce lightning, more flashes generally occurred during its growth phase. Overall, IR measurements seem to be a poor indicator of lightning due to the lack of a clear relationship between the size of cold cloud-top area and cloud-to-ground flashes. The overall flash rates of the TOGA COARE MCSs support previous work which showed that tropical oceanic convection has an order of magnitude less cloud-to-ground lightning than continental convection. In fact, the highest flash rate for the 13 cases was less than the weakest continental case in a Texas MCS study (Toracinta et al. 1995). Examination of individual VPRR and of all convective VPRR from the 13 cases indicate a pronounced difference between lightning producing and non-lightning producing cells. Lightning producing convective cells have higher radar reflectivity in the 5.0- 8.0 km layer, and a slower decrease with height, both observations indicating larger ice particles in the mixed phase region between 00 C and-200 C.

Restivo, Michael Edward

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Lightning Dock, Animas Valley, New Mexico geothermal area was discovered when a rancher found boiling water while drilling a shallow stock tank welt (Elston, Deal, et. al, 1983). There are no surface manifestations of present or past geothermal activity in the Animas Valley. Norman and Bernhart (1982) analyzed the gases in the discovery well and 15 stock tank wells nearby (Figure 1).

234

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Gradient Holes Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The two gradient holes were sited on federal geothermal leases owned by Lightning Dock Geothermal, Inc. and both were drilled into lakebed sediments some distance from the intense shallow geothermal anomaly located in the eastern half of Section 7, Township 25 South, Range 19 West. References Roy A. Cunniff, Roger L. Bowers (2005) Final Technical Report, Geothermal Resource Evaluation And Definitioni (Gred) Program-Phases I, Ii, And Iii For The Animas Valley, Nm Geothermal Resource Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thermal_Gradient_Holes_At_Lightning_Dock_Area_(Cunniff_%26_Bowers,_2005)&oldid=387460"

235

Thunderstorm Characteristics of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida: A Study of Lightning Initiation Signatures as Indicated by the WSR-88D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational potential for predicting the onset of cloud-to-ground lightning is examined. WSR-88D reflectivity echoes were analyzed for 39 airmass thunderstorms that developed over the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, to determine the best ...

Michael S. Gremillion; Richard E. Orville

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Ensemble Simulation of the Lightning Flash Variability in a 3D Cloud Model with Parameterizations of Cloud Electrification and Lightning Flashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of ensemble simulations were performed to study the statistics of flash characteristics produced by an electrification and lightning scheme in the cloud-resolving model Méso-NH. Here, the electrical variability of two storms—one ...

Jean-Pierre Pinty; Christelle Barthe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Health Relevant Outdoor Air Change Rates in Homes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Health Relevant Outdoor Air Change Rates in Homes Health Relevant Outdoor Air Change Rates in Homes Speaker(s): Jan Sundell Date: February 6, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The Damp Building and Health (DBH) study started as a cross-sectional questionnaire study of all 14000 children, 1-6 years of age in Värmland, Sweden. The response rate on the questionnaire (year 2001) was 79%, meaning that basic data exists on almost 12,000 children and their homes. In a second step a case-control study on 200 sick (wheezing, asthma, excema), and 200 healthy children, extensive measurements in the home, as well as clinical examinations of the children has been conducted during 2002. Ventilation has been measured with a passive tracer gas method during one week. The results will be presented in this seminar-- seemingly sick

238

National Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors National Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors March 28, 2013 - 3:00pm Addthis Together, the five newest National Parks Initiative projects will save the equivalent of nearly 10,000 gallons of gasoline and 71 tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Together, the five newest National Parks Initiative projects will save the equivalent of nearly 10,000 gallons of gasoline and 71 tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? The five new National Parks Initiative projects will save the

239

Environmental Service Group Contact Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Group Whom to Call List by Activity Services Group Whom to Call List by Activity Updated October 4, 2013 Activity Category Primary Secondary Extension Cell/Pager Email Air Quality (outdoor) Non- radioactive Ned Borglin Patrick Thorson 4332 5852 925-437-9397 cell 510-301-0938 cell EKBorglin@lbl.gov PAThorson@lbl.gov Air Quality (outdoor) Radioactive Linnea Wahl Patrick Thorson - 5852 510-229-2370 cell 510-301-0938 cell LEWahl@lbl.gov PAThorson@lbl.gov Creek Sampling John Jelinski Robert Fox 7616 7327 510-517-5378 cell 510-425-0451 pager JAJelinski@lbl.gov RAFox@lbl.gov Environmental Management System Patrick Thorson Ron Pauer 5852 7614 510-301-0938 cell 510-289-9324 cell PAThorson@lbl.gov ROPauer@lbl.gov Environmental Protection Ron Pauer Linnea Wahl 7614 - 510-289-9324 cell

240

Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hitting the Target: ENERGY Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Title Indoor-outdoor air leakage of apartments and commercial buildings. Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2006 Authors Price, Phillip N., Arman Shehabi, Wanyu R. Chan, and Ashok J. Gadgil Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

242

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Title Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-53834 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Fisk, William J., David Faulkner, Douglas P. Sullivan, and William W. Delp Abstract During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for measuring the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of three measurement technologies are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The test results indicate that one measurement technology can measure OA flow rates with errors of 20% or less without a field-based calibration, as long as the OA velocities are sufficient to provide an accurately measurable pressure signal. The test results for a second measurement technology are similar; however, a difficult field-based calibration relating the OA flow rate with the pressure signal would be required to reduce errors below approximately 30%. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the third measurement technology, that uses six electronic airspeed sensors downstream of the OA inlet louver, exceeded 100%; however, these errors could be substantially reduced through a difficult field based calibration. The effects of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated

243

Minimizing Variation in Outdoor CPV Power Ratings (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Module data from NREL's CPV test bed is used to examine methods for calculating outdoor CPV power ratings. IEC 62670 and ASTM E2527 are used as a starting point for determining a module power rating on a monthly basis. Monthly power ratings vary by more than desired using existing methods. The presentation examines modifications to existing methods as well as spectral corrections to reduce variation in monthly module power ratings.

Muller, M.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Outdoor Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Digital Signage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities have been supporting outdoor advertising companies and their traditional simple billboards for many years. The level of support these billboards needed was minimal because electricity for them was only used to power basic lighting technologies. The growth in the billboard industry combined with the explosion in available electronic and digital systems and the advancements made in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has resulted in a new type of billboard8212the LED electronic billboard. Electronic bil...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

245

Exploring relationships between outdoor air particulate-associated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploring relationships between outdoor air particulate-associated Exploring relationships between outdoor air particulate-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and PM2.5: A case study of benzo(a)pyrene in California metropolitan regions Title Exploring relationships between outdoor air particulate-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and PM2.5: A case study of benzo(a)pyrene in California metropolitan regions Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-514E Year of Publication 2008 Authors Lobscheid, Agnes B., Thomas E. McKone, and D. A. Valleroc Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 41 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5659-5672 Abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and particulate matter (PM) are co-pollutants emitted as by-products of combustion processes. Convincing evidence exists for PAHs as a primary toxic component of fine PM (PM2.5). Because PM2.5 is listed by the US EPA as a "Criteria Pollutant," it is monitored regularly at sites nationwide. In contrast, very limited data is available on measured ambient air concentrations of PAHs. However, between 1999-2001, ambient air concentrations of PM2.5 and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) are available for California locations. We use multivariate linear regression models (MLRMs) to predict ambient air levels of BaP in four air basins based on reported PM2.5 concentrations and spatial, temporal and meteorological variables as variates. We obtain an R2 ranging from 0.57-0.72 among these basins. Significant variables (p<0.05) include the average daily PM2.5 concentration, wind speed, temperature and relative humidity, and the coastal distance as well as season, and holiday or weekend. Combining the data from all sites and using only these variables to estimate ambient BaP levels, we obtain an R2 of 0.55. These R2-values, combined with analysis of the residual error and cross validation using the PRESS-statistic, demonstrate the potential of our method to estimate reported outdoor air PAH exposure levels in metropolitan regions. These MLRMs provide a first step towards relating outdoor ambient PM2.5 and PAH concentrations for epidemiological studies when PAH measurements are unavailable, or limited in spatial coverage, based on publicly available meteorological and PM2.5 data

246

Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Surface Gas Sampling Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown References David I. Norman, Joseph Moore (2004) Gas Analysis Of Geothermal Fluid Inclusions- A New Technology For Geothermal Exploration Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Surface_Gas_Sampling_At_Lightning_Dock_Area_(Norman_%26_Moore,_2004)&oldid=689367"

247

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two electrical resistivity survey lines were run in the project area: a southern east-west line along Caliche Road, and a northern east-west line in the south half Section 6, T25S, R19W (figure 5). The Caliche Road line is located south of the greenhouse complex and was run along the road, which was also used for a gravity traverse. The northern line, named

248

Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Flow Test At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Flow Test Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes After the Welaco temperature survey was completed for TG52-7, preparations were completed for a controlled airlift test. This test was completed in the period from 19-20 September 2003 for some 23 hours. The well produced steady state flow of about 320-325 gpm at a wellhead temperature of 126.7degrees C (260degreesF). This production rate is equivalent to about 162,000 pounds per hour, with the production temperature producing usable

249

Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two electrical resistivity survey lines were run in the project area: a southern east-west line along Caliche Road, and a northern east-west line in the south half Section 6, T25S, R19W (figure 5). The Caliche Road line is located south of the greenhouse complex and was run along the road, which was also used for a gravity traverse. The northern line, named "Church Road,"+K846 was parallel to the east-west road and gravity

250

Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Observation Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Observation Wells Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The awardee conducted seismic, gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys, drilled temperature-gradient wells, and selected a location for a test well (52-7). The test well was drilled to a total depth of 770 m during 2003. Maximum temperatures approached 140degrees C and a short flow test suggested that a production well could be drilled to 600 m and produce economic volumes of 130-140degrees C fluid. A final assessment of the

251

Delimiting “Thunderstorm Watch” Periods by Real-Time Lightning Location for a Power Utility Company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During times of thunderstorm activity, the power utility serving metropolitan New York enters a potentially costly “thunderstorm watch” mode of operation which is designed to prevent a major power outage caused by lightning. To evaluate the ...

Vincent P. Idone; Richard E. Orville

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Convective Tendency Images Derived from a Combination of Lightning and Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is presented for generating convective tendency products by combining satellite images with observations of cloud-to-ground lightning activity. Rapid scan (5-min) infrared satellite images are used to define the areal distribution of ...

Steven J. Goodman; Dennis E. Buechler; Paul J. Meyer

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Analysis and Prediction of Lightning Strike Distributions Associated with Synoptic Map Types over Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temporal and spatial distributions of lightning activity associated with specific synoptic regimes of low-level wind flow were analyzed as part of an experiment to develop improved statistical thunderstorm forecasts for Florida. The synoptic ...

Ronald M. Reap

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Relationships between Network Lightning Surface and Hourly Observations of Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships were established between lightning location data and surface hourly observations of thunderstorms for 132 stations in the northeastern United States. The relationships are based on statistics derived from 2 × 2 contingency tables ...

Ronald M. Reap; Richard E. Orville

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Global Positioning System (GPS) Precipitable Water in Forecasting Lightning at Spaceport Canaveral  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the use of precipitable water (PW) from the global positioning system (GPS) in lightning prediction. Additional independent verification of an earlier model is performed. This earlier model used binary logistic regression ...

Kristen Kehrer; Brian Graf; William P. Roeder

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Diurnal and Spatial Variability of Lightning Activity in Northeastern Colorado and Central Florida during the Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning location data from northeastern Colorado and central Florida for the summer months of 1983 have been studied to ascertain the diurnal development of spatial distributions of flash frequencies. In both locales, a clearly identifiable ...

Raúl E. Lopez; Ronald L. Holle

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Reflectivity, Ice Scattering, and Lightning Characteristics of Hurricane Eyewalls and Rainbands. Part II: Intercomparison of Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of this two-part paper treats Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) radar, passive microwave, and lightning observations in hurricanes individually. This paper (Part II) examines relationships between these parameters (and ...

Daniel J. Cecil; Edward J. Zipser

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Lightning Prediction Index that Utilizes GPS Integrated Precipitable Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary weather forecast challenge at the Cape Canaveral Air Station and Kennedy Space Center is lightning. This paper describes a statistical approach that combines integrated precipitable water vapor (IPWV) data from a global positioning ...

Robert A. Mazany; Steven Businger; Seth I. Gutman; William Roeder

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in a Tornadic Storm on 8 May 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 8 May 1986, the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) collected Doppler radar and lightning ground strike data on a supercell storm that produced three tornadoes, including an F3 tornado in Edmond, Oklahoma, approximately 40 km north of ...

Donald R. MacGorman; Kurt E. Nielsen

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Bias Elimination and Scatter in Lightning Location by the VLF Arrival Time Difference Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the very low frequency (VLF) band lightning flashes are detectable at ranges of several thousand kilometers. Studies of experimental data show that if systematic biases were eliminated from the U.K. Meteorological Office's VLF arrival time ...

Anthony C. L. Lee

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Doppler Radar and Lightning Network Observations of a Severe Outbreak of Tropical Cyclone Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from a single Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) and the National Lightning Detection Network are used to examine the characteristics of the convective storms that produced a severe tornado outbreak, including three tornadoes ...

Eugene W. McCaul Jr.; Dennis E. Buechler; Steven J. Goodman; Michael Cammarata

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Three Years of TRMM Precipitation Features. Part I: Radar, Radiometric, and Lightning Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During its first three years, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite observed nearly six million precipitation features. The population of precipitation features is sorted by lightning flash rate, minimum brightness temperature, ...

Daniel J. Cecil; Steven J. Goodman; Dennis J. Boccippio; Edward J. Zipser; Stephen W. Nesbitt

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The 29 June 2000 Supercell Observed during STEPS. Part II: Lightning and Charge Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This second part of a two-part study examines the lightning and charge structure evolution of the 29 June 2000 tornadic supercell observed during the Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study (STEPS). Data from the National ...

Kyle C. Wiens; Steven A. Rutledge; Sarah A. Tessendorf

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Electrification and Lightning in an Idealized Boundary-Crossing Supercell Simulation of 2 June 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonhydrostatic cloud model with electrification and lightning processes was utilized to investigate how simulated supercell thunderstorms respond when they move into environments favorable for storm intensification. One model simulation was ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Matthew S. Gilmore; Edward R. Mansell; Louis J. Wicker; Jerry M. Straka

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Evidence of Tropical Forcing of the 6.5-Day Wave from Lightning Observations over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study employing observations and climatic reanalysis data is concerned with links between convection and the well-documented 6.5-day stratospheric global wave. Observations from a long-range lightning detection network, known as ZEUS, reveal an ...

Themis G. Chronis; Earle Williams; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Environmental Control of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Polarity in Severe Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Kurt M. Buffalo

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Performance Assessment of the Optical Transient Detector and Lightning Imaging Sensor. Part I: Predicted Diurnal Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory calibration and observed background radiance data are used to determine the effective sensitivities of the Optical Transient Detector (OTD) and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS), as functions of local hour and pixel location within the ...

Dennis J. Boccippio; William J. Koshak; Richard J. Blakeslee

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Total Lightning Observations with the New and Improved Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1998, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has deployed an array of fast electric field change sensors in New Mexico and Florida in support of LANL’s satellite lightning observations. In April 2004, all the sensors were significantly ...

Xuan-Min Shao; Mark Stanley; Amy Regan; Jeremiah Harlin; Morrie Pongratz; Michael Stock

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Positive Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in Tornadic Storms and Hailstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although negative ground flashes usually dominate cloud-to-ground lightning activity, positive ground flashes can dominate in some severe storms for periods ranging from 30 min to several hours. Unlike most other types of storms in which positive ...

Donald R. Macgorman; Donald W. Burgess

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Lightning Activity over Land and Sea on the Eastern Coast of the Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the characteristics of lightning activity during the Cyprus low winter storms over the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. The focus is on changes in the nature of thunderstorms crossing the coastline from the sea ...

Orit Altaratz; Zev Levin; Yoav Yair and; Baruch Ziv

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Mixed Exponential Distribution Model for Retrieving Ground Flash Fraction from Satellite Lightning Imager Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian inversion method is introduced for retrieving the fraction of ground flashes in a set of flashes observed from a (low earth orbiting or geostationary) satellite lightning imager. The method employs a constrained mixed exponential ...

W. J. Koshak

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Absolute Spectral Irradiance Measurements of Lightning from 375 to 880 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spectrometer-detector optical multichannel analyzer system capable of absolute spectral irradiance measurements has been used to record the time-integrated emissions (150 or 300 ms) from cloud-to-ground lightning. Two detectors, one operating ...

Richard E. Orville; Ronald W. Henderson

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Radar, Passive Microwave, and Lightning Characteristics of Precipitating Systems in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bulk radar reflectivity structures, 85- and 37-GHz brightness temperatures, and lightning characteristics of precipitating systems in tropical Africa, South America, the east Pacific, and west Pacific are documented using data from the ...

E. R. Toracinta; Daniel J. Cecil; Edward J. Zipser; Stephen W. Nesbitt

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Can Lightning Observations be Used as an Indicator of Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Variability?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning activity in thunderstorms is closely related to the intensity of vertical updrafts indeep convective clouds that also transport large amounts of moisture into the upper troposphere. Small changes in the amount of upper-tropospheric ...

Colin Price; Mustafa Asfur

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Combining Satellite Infrared and Lightning Information to Estimate Warm Season Convective and Stratiform Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes and evaluates a satellite rainfall estimation technique that combines infrared and lightning information to estimate precipitation in deep convective systems. The algorithm is developed and tested using seven years (2002-2008) ...

Weixin Xu; Robert F. Adler; Nai-Yu Wang

276

Gas Flux Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Gas Flux Sampling At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Gas Flux Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Based on all of the data, McLin concluded that there was little to no correlation between values for CO2 flux and known or postulated faults, and between the CO2 flux and the shallow thermal anomaly. Instead, the flux values appeared to depict a completely random pattern throughout the study area. Notably, absolute values for CO2 flux were elevated throughout the surveyed areas (McLin, 2004). A possible explanation not considered by

277

Outdoor polymeric insulators long-term exposed to HVDC  

SciTech Connect

Field experience from outdoor polymeric insulators exposed to HVDC under natural contamination conditions is presented. This paper summarizes the peak leakage current statistics, the hydrophobicity and the surface material conditions studied by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The results show a strong interrelation between the surface conditions and the performance with respect to leakage currents. Moreover, the results show that the surface conditions and the performance of the insulators exposed to HVDC are rather similar to those of the insulators exposed to HVAC.

Soerqvist, T.; Vlastos, A.E. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion 10 containing propeller fan means 14 for drawing air through the lower portion 12 containing refrigerant coil means 16 in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs 64 which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed.

Draper, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA); Lackey, Robert S. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion containing propeller fan means for drawing air through the lower portion containing refrigerant coil means in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed. 4 figs.

Draper, R.; Lackey, R.S.

1984-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

280

An examination of the relationship between cool season tornadoes and cloud-to-ground lightning flashes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The southeast United States is prone to severe weather throughout the year. Despite technological advances, some severe weather events occasionally remain unwarned in this part of the country. Past studies examined the relationship between cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning and warm season severe weather episodes. The present study examined the relationship between cool season tornadoes and CG lightning, with a focus over the southeastern United States, where most cool season tornadoes occur. Data from the Storm Prediction Center and National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) were used to investigate CG lightning properties within 50 km and one hour before tornado touchdown. This was completed over a period of 13 cool seasons from October 1989 through March 2002. Of 3325 tornado events, 2358 contained at least one NLDN-detectable flash. CG lightning attributes of peak current, multiplicity, and flash density compared well with those of prior warm season lightning research. Overall event frequency appeared to be lower than in the warm season. Almost all Central Plains events were accompanied by at least one NLDN-detectable flash. Up to 70% of tornado events near the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts contained no NLDN-detectable lightning. Although it is not known why this trend was observed, it is speculated that NLDN detection efficiency and/or storm structure differences may play a role in these observations. Warm season studies have correlated tornadoes with predominantly positive (>50% positive CG lightning), or PPCG storms. Gridded maps showed the greatest percentage and highest frequency of cool season PPCG storms across Kansas and Nebraska, with up to 70% of events associated with PPCG lightning. A secondary, albeit lower, frequency maximum extended 1�° to 2�° inland across Louisiana into North Carolina. This study also subjectively defined a storm with â��enhancedâ� positive cloud-to-ground (EPCG) lightning as one containing >25% positive cloud-to-ground lightning, which corresponds to approximately the 75th percentile of all cool season tornadoes. This has lead to speculation that EPCG criterion may be a better indicator of the possibility of severe weather than the traditional PPCG criterion.

Butts, Douglas Allen, Jr.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Approach for Using TFlash to Improve the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TFlash is an advanced transmission line, lightning performance prediction software. TFlash's ability to predict whether lighting will cause a flashover can help in the design of new transmission lines and help modify existing transmission lines to improve performance. However, to make full use of the software, it is important for the user to have an understanding of the parameters that influence the lightning performance of the line. This report highlights the parameters and shows their influence by mean...

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Dynamic predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor airrange of the clothing insulation calculated for eachbuilding). Figure 8 Clothing insulation versus dress code [

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Gamma-ray bursts and other sources of giant lightning discharges in protoplanetary systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lightning in the solar nebula is considered to be one of the probable sources for producing the chondrules that are found in meteorites. Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) provide a large flux of gamma-rays that Compton scatter and create a charge separation in the gas because the electrons are displaced from the positive ions. The electric field easily exceeds the breakdown value of ~1 V m^-1 over distances of order 0.1 AU. The energy in a giant lightning discharge exceeds a terrestrial lightning flash by a factor of ~10^12. The predicted post-burst emission of gamma-rays from accretion into the newly formed black hole or spin-down of the magnetar is sufficiently intense to cause a lightning storm in the nebula that lasts for days and is more probable than the GRB because the radiation is beamed into a larger solid angle. The giant outbursts from nearby soft gamma-ray repeater sources (SGRs) are also capable of causing giant lightning discharges. The total amount of chondrules produced is in reasonable agreement with the observations of meteorites. Furthermore in the case of GRBs most chondrules were produced in a few major melting events by nearby GRBs and lightning occurred at effectively the same time over the whole nebula, and provide accurate time markers to the formation of chondrules and evolution of the solar nebula. This model provides a reasonable explanation for the delay between the formation of calcium aluminium inclusions (CAIs) and chondrules.

B. McBreen; E. Winston; S. McBreen; L. Hanlon

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Lightning Dock I Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

I Geothermal Project I Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Lightning Dock I Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 32.346944444444°, -108.70722222222° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346944444444,"lon":-108.70722222222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

285

Rooftop Unitary Air Conditioner with Integral Dedicated Outdoor Air System  

SciTech Connect

Energy use of rooftop and other unitary air-conditioners in commercial applications accounts for about 1 quad (10{sup 15} Btu) of primary energy use annually in the U.S. [Reference 7]. The realization that this cooling equipment accounts for the majority of commercial building cooled floorspace and the majority also of commercial building energy use has spurred development of improved-efficiency equipment as well as development of stricter standards addressing efficiency levels. Another key market driver affecting design of rooftop air-conditioning equipment has been concern regarding comfort and the control of humidity. Trends for increases in outdoor air ventilation rates in certain applications, and the increasing concern about indoor air quality problems associated with humidity levels and moisture in buildings points to a need for improved dehumidification capability in air-conditioning equipment of all types. In many cases addressing this issue exacerbates energy efficiency, and vice versa. The integrated dedicated outdoor air system configuration developed in this project addresses both energy and comfort/humidity issues.

Tiax Llc

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

286

NSLS Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services NSLS Services Computing Services Lab Space Libraries Postal Services Procurement Repair & Equipment Services Shipping Procedures Storage User Accounts Workshop Procedures...

287

Combined Satellite- and Surface-Based Estimation of the Intracloud–Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Ratio over the Continental United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four years of observations from the NASA Optical Transient Detector and Global Atmospherics National Lightning Detection Network are combined to determine the geographic distribution of the climatological intracloud–cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning ...

Dennis J. Boccippio; Kenneth L. Cummins; Hugh J. Christian; Steven J. Goodman

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Lightning Strikes and Their Relationship with Vegetation Type, Elevation, and Fire Scars in the Northern Territory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors explore the spatial and temporal patterns of lightning strikes in northern Australia for the first time. In particular, the possible relationships between lightning strikes and elevation, vegetation type, and fire scars (...

Musa Kilinc; Jason Beringer

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Small-Area Study of Environmental Risk Assessment of Outdoor Falls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Falls in public places are an issue of great health concern especially for the elderly. Falls among the elderly is also a major health burden in many countries. This study describes a spatial approach to assess environmental causes of outdoor falls using ... Keywords: Environmental risk assessment, GIS, Outdoor falls, Small-area study, Spatial clustering

Poh-Chin Lai; Wing-Cheung Wong; Chien-Tat Low; Martin Wong; Ming-Houng Chan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Bateau ivre: an artistic markerless outdoor mobile augmented reality installation on a riverboat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bateau Ivre is a project presented on the Seine River to make a large audience aware of the possible developments of Augmented Reality through an artistic installation in a mobile outdoor environment. The installation could be viewed from a ship ... Keywords: augmented reality, heritage, mobile augmented reality, outdoor digital art, real-time image processing

Christian Jacquemin; Wai Kit Chan; Mathieu Courgeon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The warning time for cloud-to-ground lightning in isolated, ordinary thunderstorms over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lightning detection over Houston, Texas is possible with the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR-II) network and the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). A comparison of the two datasets in conjunction with 37 isolated, ordinary thunderstorms reveals a time separation of 3.1 minutes between the first detected Very High Frequency (VHF) source (i.e. first intracloud discharge) and the first cloud-toground (CG) lightning flash. This CG warning time is increased to 16.1 minutes when using the radar-defined criterion of when the 30-dBZ contour first reaches the -10°C isotherm level. Several attempts were made to establish a similar characteristic that could be used to forewarn the occurrence of the final CG in this storm type. Based on the average radar characteristics during the last CG flash in each thunderstorm case, CG activity comes to an end when the 45-dBZ echo falls below the -10°C isotherm. Detection efficiencies that remain slightly less than perfect for each network may have allowed for some error when analyzing VHF sources and ground flashes for each convective case. Exhibiting this possible error, four cases actually recorded a greater number of CG flashes than intracloud flashes, which is contrary to typical lightning characteristics. Future studies hope to increase the number of thunderstorm cases to analyze as the LDAR network continues to observe more lightning events. Also, similar approaches could be implemented in differing geographic regions of the country to observe if these lightning characteristics vary depending on latitude, longitude, or climate.

Clements, Nathan Chase

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Thermosyphon coil arrangement for heat pump outdoor unit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

For a heat pump, the outdoor unit is provided with a coil and a refrigerant flow arrangement there for which is such that in the heating mode of operation of the heat pump they operate in a thermosyphon fashion. The coil has a feed portion and an exit portion leading to a separator drum from which liquid refrigerant is returned through downcomer line for recirculation to the feed portion. The coil is tilted upwardly from entry to exit by the angle alpha to enhance the clearance of the two phases of refrigerant from each other in the heating mode of operation. There is no thermosyphon function in the cooling mode of operation. 9 figs.

Draper, R.

1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

293

Wind heat transfer coefficient in solar collectors in outdoor conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of wind heat transfer coefficient, h{sub w}, is required for estimation of upward losses from the outer surface of flat plate solar collectors/solar cookers. In present study, an attempt has been made to estimate the wind induced convective heat transfer coefficient by employing unglazed test plate (of size about 0.9 m square) in outdoor conditions. Experiments, for measurement of h{sub w}, have been conducted on rooftop of a building in the Institute campus in summer season for 2 years. The estimated wind heat transfer coefficient has been correlated against wind speed by linear regression and power regression. Experimental values of wind heat transfer coefficient estimated in present work have been compared with studies of other researchers after normalizing for plate length. (author)

Kumar, Suresh; Mullick, S.C. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Pulse trains that are characteristic of preliminary breakdown in cloud-to-ground lightning but are not followed by return stroke pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

findings for lightning locating systems such as the U.S. National Light- ning Detection Network (NLDN-to-ground discharges by lightning locating systems such as the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network. Citation: Nag measuring system included a cir- cular flat plate antenna followed by an integrator and a unity gain, high

Slatton, Clint

295

Warm Season Lightning Distributions over the Northern Gulf of Mexico Coast and Their Relation to Synoptic-Scale and Mesoscale Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network are used to create a warm season (May–September) lightning climatology for the northern Gulf of Mexico coast for the 14-yr period 1989–2002. Each day is placed into one ...

Jessica R. Smith; Henry E. Fuelberg; Andrew I. Watson

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A Comparison Of WSR-88D Reflectivities, SSM/I Brightness Temperatures, and Lightning for Mesoscale Convective Systems in Texas. Part I: Radar Reflectivity and Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first part of a two part study. Part I compares radar data from the League City, Texas, WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), which occur at various stages of ...

E. Richard Toracinta; Karen I. Mohr; Edward J. Zipser; Richard E. Orville

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Comparison of WSR-88D Reflectivities, SSM/I Brightness Temperatures, and Lightning for Mesoseale Convective Systems in Texas. Part II. SSM/I Brightness Temperatures and Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines simultaneous SSM/I and lightning data for a sample of nine mesoscale convective systems (MCS) near League City, Texas. Comparison of lightning files of varying sizes from ±2 to ±30 min revealed that the ±10-min interval ...

Karen I. Mohr; Richard Toracinta; Edward J. Zipser; Richard E. Orville

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Total lightning mapping, along with radar and NLDN cloud-to-ground lightning data, can be used to diagnose the severity of a storm. Analysis of the 13 October 2001 supercell event (Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas), some supercells of which were tornadic, shows that LDAR II lightning source heights (quartile, median, and 95th percentile heights) increased as the storms intensified. Most of the total lightning occurred where reflectivity cores extended upwards and within regions of reflectivity gradient rather than in reflectivity cores. A total lightning hole was associated with an intense, nontornadic supercell on 6 April 2003. This feature was nonexistent from all supercells analyzed during the 13 October case. During tornadogenesis, the radar and LDAR II data indicated updraft weakening. The height of the 30 dBZ radar top began to descend approximately 10 minutes (2 volume scans) before tornado touchdown in one storm. Total lightning and CG flash rates decreased by up to a factor of 5 to a minimum during an F2 tornado touchdown associated with this storm. LDAR II source heights all showed descent by 2-4 km during a 25 minute period prior to and during this tornado touchdown. This drastic trend of decreasing source heights was observed in two tornadic storms prior to and during tornado touchdown, but did not occur in non-tornadic supercells, suggesting that these parameters can be useful to forecasters. These observations agree with tornadogenesis theory that an updraft weakens and the mesocyclone can become divided (composed of both updraft and downdraft) when a storm becomes tornadic. LDAR II source density contours were comma-shaped in association with severe wind events within mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) on 13 October 2001 and 27 May 2002. This signature is similar to the radar reflectivity bow echo. Consistent relationships between severe weather, radar and lightning storm characteristics (i.e., lightning heights) were not found for cells within MCSs as was the case for supercells. Cell interactions within MCSs are believed to weaken these relationships as reflectivity and lightning from nearby storms contaminate the cells of interest. It is also more difficult to clearly define a cell within an MCS.

Steiger, Scott Michael

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Evaluation of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Data from the Western United States for the 1983–84 Summer Seasons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over two million cloud-to-ground lightning strike locations for the period from mid-June through mid-September for the 1983–84 summer seasons were evaluated to determine the large-scale climatological characteristics of summertime lightning ...

Ronald M. Reap

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Comparison of Narrow Bipolar Events with Ordinary Lightning as Proxies for the Microwave-Radiometry Ice-Scattering Signature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The narrow bipolar event (NBE) is a unique lightning discharge that has a short (10 ?s) overall duration, lacks a prior leader phase, and produces too little light output to be visible by optical lightning detectors on satellites. NBEs thus have ...

Abram R. Jacobson; William Boeck; Christopher Jeffery

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Lightning Ground Flashes Associated with Summer 1990 Flash Floods and Streamflow in Tucson, Arizona: An Exploratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eight flash flood events occurred in the Tucson area of southeastern Arizona during the 1990 summer when a high-resolution lightning detection network was operated in the region. A total of 3479 cloud-to-ground lightning flashes was composited ...

Ronald L. Holle; Shawn P. Bennett

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Surface Wind Convergence as a Short-Term Predictor of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning at Kennedy Space Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning is a significant forecast problem at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. In this study, cloud-to-ground lightning is related in time and space to surface convergence for 244 days during the convective seasons of ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Robert Ortiz; James R. Nicholson

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Laser-Triggered Lightning Laboratory Tests: Preparation for Testing at Mississippi State University High-Voltage Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning diversion using laser technology could be operationally used in the power industry to protect sensitive facilities such as nuclear power plants and critical substations, control centers, and customer facilities. This report provides results to date and plans for large-scale, high-voltage laboratory testing of laser-triggered lightning technology.

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

The Evolution of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning within a Portion of the 10–11 June 1985 Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The character of cloud-to-ground lightning is examined during the life cycle of a distinct mesoscale segment of the 10–11 June 1985 mesoscale convective system (MCS). Three phases of lightning activity are identified and related to both the radar-...

K. E. Nielsen; R. A. Maddox; S. V. Vasiloff

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Coupling measurement and lightning threat assessment report for Pantex Cell 12-44-1  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first of a series that will quantify the lightning threat to the Pantex Plant where high-risk operations occur. More information can be found in the report written by the Lightning Protection Team [1] and Sandia National Laboratory documents. Low-power RF coupling measurements were completed on Cell 12-44-1 in May 1998. These measurements quantify the voltage and current levels that could leak into the cell from possible lightning strike points. Cell 1 is representative of the most ?leaky? class of cells at Pantex because the floor was not intentionally electrically connected to the walls. From the measurement data, linear models were developed. These transfer functions allow us to calculate the effect in the cell from the much higher power lightning threat. Two types of coupling paths were characterized: (1) external ventilation stack to cell interior and (2) cell ceiling to other cell elements. For the maximum lightning threat [2], an estimate of the maximum cell-to-floor voltage is 150 kV. The extrapolated voltage levels at normal working heights are lower. The potential between the air duct and the electro-static ground is estimated to be 4 kV. A secondary goal was to compare results with Sandia as a quality control check. While the estimated maximum ceiling-to-floor voltages are similar, the comparison was limited by high-frequency resonances on the drive wire.

Anderson, R; Ong, M

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Coupling measurement and lightning threat assessment report for Pantex Cell 12-44-1  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first of a series that will quantify the lightning threat to the Pantex Plant where high-risk operations occur. More information can be found in the report written by the Lightning Protection Team [1] and Sandia National Laboratory documents. Low-power RF coupling measurements were completed on Cell 12-44-1 in May 1998. These measurements quantify the voltage and current levels that could leak into the cell from possible lightning strike points. Cell 1 is representative of the most leaky class of cells at Pantex because the floor was not intentionally electrically connected to the walls. From the measurement data, linear models were developed. These transfer functions allow us to calculate the effect in the cell from the much higher power lightning threat. Two types of coupling paths were characterized: (1) external ventilation stack to cell interior and (2) cell ceiling to other cell elements. For the maximum lightning threat [2], an estimate of the maximum cell-to-floor voltage is 150 kV. The extrapolated voltage levels at normal working heights are lower. The potential between the air duct and the electro-static ground is estimated to be 4 kV. A secondary goal was to compare results with Sandia as a quality control check. While the estimated maximum ceiling-to-floor voltages are similar, the comparison was limited by high-frequency resonances on the drive wire.

Anderson, R; Ong, M.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 24.01.01.A0.09 Outdoor Burning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 24.01.01.A0.09 Outdoor Burning Approved: October 5, 2000: August 27, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A0.09 Outdoor Burning Page 1 of 2 PROCEDURE STATEMENT The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) regulates outdoor burning (30 TAC

308

Protection characteristics of a Faraday cage compromised by lightning burnthrough.  

SciTech Connect

A lightning flash consists of multiple, high-amplitude but short duration return strokes. Between the return strokes is a lower amplitude, continuing current which flows for longer duration. If the walls of a Faraday cage are made of thin enough metal, the continuing current can melt a hole through the metal in a process called burnthrough. A subsequent return stroke can couple energy through this newly-formed hole. This LDRD is a study of the protection provided by a Faraday cage when it has been compromised by burnthrough. We initially repeated some previous experiments and expanded on them in terms of scope and diagnostics to form a knowledge baseline of the coupling phenomena. We then used a combination of experiment, analysis and numerical modeling to study four coupling mechanisms: indirect electric field coupling, indirect magnetic field coupling, conduction through plasma and breakdown through the hole. We discovered voltages higher than those encountered in the previous set of experiments (on the order of several hundreds of volts).

Warne, Larry Kevin; Bystrom, Edward; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Montoya, Sandra L.; Merewether, Kimball O.; Coats, Rebecca Sue; Martinez, Leonard E.; Jojola, John M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Ion Dispersion At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Ion Dispersion Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Thermal Ion Dispersion (TID) is a method used by the precious-metals industry to determine the movement of hot, mineral-bearing waters through rocks, gravels, and soils. The survey involves collection of soil samples

310

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles

311

Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2002) 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water-Gas Samples At Lightning Dock Area (Norman, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Water-Gas Samples Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Lightning Dock, Animas Valley, New Mexico geothermal area was discovered when a rancher found boiling water while drilling a shallow stock tank welt (Elston, Deal, et. al, 1983). There are no surface manifestations of present or past geothermal activity in the Animas Valley. Norman and Bernhart (1982) analyzed the gases in the discovery well and 15 stock tank wells nearby (Figure 1). References David Norman, Nigel Blarney, Lynne Kurilovitch (2002) New

312

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff Ground Gravity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Two separate gravity surveys were conducted by LDG as part of this GRED Cooperative Agreement. The first survey was conducted in April 2001 and consisted of 77 stations in the north half of Section 7 and south half of Section 6, both sections being in Township 25 South, Range 19 West. A second and much larger survey was conducted in October 2001. This survey consisted of 227 new stations in nine linear traverses that covered more than one hundred (100) square kilometers centered on the known resource area in Section 7 (figure 3).

313

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area Thermal Gradient Holes At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Thermal Gradient Holes Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The awardee conducted seismic, gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys, drilled temperature-gradient wells, and selected a location for a test well (52-7). The test well was drilled to a total depth of 770 m during 2003. Maximum temperatures approached 140degrees C and a short flow test suggested that a production well could be drilled to 600 m and produce economic volumes of 130-140degrees C fluid. A final assessment of the resource is currently being performed. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J.

314

A simple approach to improve lightning performance of an uprated substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple method to minimize lightning surges entering an uprated or compact substation. A severe lightning stress is caused by a backflashover in close proximity to the substation. Feasibility of uprating is based on the surge arrester technology available at present. However, some aspects of line design offer opportunities in reducing frequency and severity of lightning surges imposed on the substation. The tower surge response adds an inductive overshoot only during the front of the stroke which reduces considerably during the tail. If backflashover does not occur before reflections from adjacent towers arrive, it is unlikely to occur at all. Use of guys and underbuilt ground wires in the limiting distance will produce reflections with larger magnitude and reduce the effective surge impedance of the tower. This would not only reduce backflashover frequency but will also minimize crest and duration of surges entering the substation.

Harrington, R.J.; Mueen, M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lightning overvoltage protection of the paddock 362-145 kV Gas-Insulated Substation  

SciTech Connect

Backflashovers close to the Paddiock 362-145 kV Gas-Insulated Substation (GIS) have been analyzed with the Electro-Magnetic Transient Program (EMTP) using a frequency dependent multi-conductor system. The severity of the lightning stroke currents were derived based on recent recordings in the eastern United States. Impacts of corona attenuation and distortion were accounted for using a shunt linear model approach. Turn-up effects of both line insulator flashover voltages and surge arrester protective characteristics were represented based on manufacturer's volt-time curves. Wave shaping effects of substation capacitances (ie., PT's transformers, CCPD's) were also modeled. Results show the importance of various modeling details in determining the overvoltages inside the GIS due to close backflashovers, which are caused by lightning strokes with varying intensity. These results are aimed at better evaluation of lightning protection requirements for GIS protected by metal-oxide surge arresters.

Elahi, H.; Sublich, M. (GE Industry and Utility Sales, Schenectady, NY (US)); Anderson, M.E.; Nelson, B.D. (Wisconsin Power and Light Co., Madison, WI (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Stepout-Deepening Wells At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Well Deepening At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Well Deepening At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Well Deepening Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The objective of this project is to access, test, and confirm the deeper resource by deepening an existing shallow well at the site to penetrate the deep reservoir. AmeriCulture deepened the existing well (EGS-1) in 2003 by coring from 277 m to 640 m, essentially through the entire Tertiary volcanic interval. The maximum recorded temperature after stabilization was about 115degrees C. Evaluation of the well productivity will occur in 2004. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects

317

Radar-Derived Forecasts of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ten years (1997 - 2006) of summer (June, July, August) daytime (14 - 00 Z) Weather Surveillance Radar - 1988 Doppler data for Houston, TX were examined to determine the best radar-derived lightning forecasting predictors. Convective cells were tracked using a modified version of the Storm Cell Identification and Tracking (SCIT) algorithm and then correlated to cloud-to-ground lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). Combinations of three radar reflectivity values (30, 35, and 40 dBZ) at four isothermal levels (-10, -15, -20, and updraft -10 degrees C) and a new radar-derived product, vertically integrated ice (VII), were used to optimize a radar-based lightning forecast algorithm. Forecasts were also delineated by range and the number of times a cell was identified and tracked by the modified SCIT algorithm. This study objectively analyzed 65,399 unique cells, and 1,028,510 to find the best lightning forecast criteria. Results show that using 30 dBZ at the -20 degrees C isotherm on cells within 75 km of the radar that have been tracked for at least 2 consecutive scan produces the best forecasts with a critical success index (CSI) of 0.71. The best VII predictor was 0.734 kg m-2 on cells within 75 km of the radar that have been tracked for at least 2 consecutive scans producing a CSI of 0.68. Results of this study further suggest that combining the radar reflectivity and VII methods can result in a more accurate lightning forecast than either method alone.

Mosier, Richard Matthew

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

NSLS Services | Postal Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Postal Services Postal Services U.S. Postal Service BNL has a full-service U.S. Postal Service Office (Upton branch) located in Staff Services, Building 179, x2539. BNL Mail Service Mail is delivered and picked up twice a day from each building on site. Users should leave internal lab mail (brown envelopes, no stamps needed) and U.S. Mail (regular envelopes, stamps required) in the outgoing mail boxes at NSLS mail stop 725A, located in the lobby by the elevator. Receiving Mail During regular working hours, packages and other special deliveries are brought to the Stockroom while regular mail is taken to the mailstops around the building. Each beam port is assigned a mail slot at NSLS mail stop 725A near the elevator in the lobby. The beamline number should be on all mail addressed to users. Mail to users should be addressed as follows

319

Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Et Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a

320

Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2) 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Aeromagnetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a comprehensive integrated geothermal model. From all of this information,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2) 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Direct-Current Resistivity At Lightning Dock Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity, and airborne magnetic surveys. Several new seismic profiles are planned to provide more focused siting and drilling plans. These new geophysical surveys are being integrated into the combined thermal, hydrologic, and subsurface stratigraphic information data sets to provide a

322

Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Aeromagnetic Survey At Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff & Bowers, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Lightning Dock Area Exploration Technique Aeromagnetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In October 2001, TerraCon, Inc. (2001) of Arlington, Texas conducted the highresolution aeromagnetic survey that was designed to explore the known, shallow geothermal resource and surrounding area. Shallow-subsurface Tertiary volcanic rocks were used as a magnetic basis for mapping structures References Roy A. Cunniff, Roger L. Bowers (2005) Final Technical Report, Geothermal Resource Evaluation And Definitioni (Gred) Program-Phases I, Ii,

323

Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

Price, P.N.; Shehabi, A.; Chan, R.W.; Gadgil, A.J.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Measuring Outdoor Air Intake Rates into Existing Building  

SciTech Connect

Practical and accurate technologies are needed for continuously measuring and controlling outdoor air (OA) intake rates in commercial building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. This project evaluated two new measurement approaches. Laboratory experiments determined that OA flow rates were measurable with errors generally less than 10 percent using electronic air velocity probes installed between OA intake louver blades or at the outlet face of louvers. High accuracy was maintained with OA flow rates as low as 15 percent of the maximum for the louvers. Thus, with this measurement approach HVAC systems do not need separate OA intakes for minimum OA supply. System calibration parameters are required for each unique combination of louver type and velocity sensor location but calibrations are not necessary for each system installation. The research also determined that the accuracy of measuring OA flow rates with velocity probes located in the duct downstream of the intake louver was not improved by installing honeycomb airflow straighteners upstream of the probes. Errors varied with type of upstream louver, were as high as 100 percent, and were often greater than 25 percent. In conclusion, use of electronic air velocity probes between the blades of OA intake louvers or at the outlet face of louvers is a highly promising means of accurately measuring rates of OA flow into HVAC systems. The use of electronic velocity probes downstream of airflow straighteners is less promising, at least with the relatively small OA HVAC inlet systems employed in this research.

Fisk, William; Sullivan, Douglas; Cohen, Sebastian; Han, Hwataik

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

Colour Recognition In Outdoor Images Through Context-Based Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the variation of the color of objects with respect to existing models of daylight and surface reflectance, and develops context-based models of daylight (based on the CIE model [18]) and hybrid surface reflectance (based on existing hybrid surface reflectance models [21, 25, 32, 35]) called the Normalized Photometric Function. Thereafter, given the time-of-day (which, along with location, is used to calculate the sun-angle [23]), approximate cloud cover and sun-visibility, the color of the incident daylight is predicted, and combined with the reflectance model of the target object to predict the apparent color of the object; image pixels are then classified based on the predicted color. Section 2 describes the causes for the variation in apparent color; section 3 gives a brief literature review; section 4 describes the CIE daylight model and the context-based daylight model developed in this study; section 5 analyzes surface reflectance with respect to existing models and then develops the Normalized Photometric Function (NPF) model; section 6 combines the daylight and NPF models for context-based color prediction; finally, section 7 summarizes the conclusions of the study. 2 Causes for color shift in outdoor scenes

Shashi Buluswar; Red Green; Red Green

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

SITEWIDE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR OUTDOOR TESTS ON MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS, PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SITEWIDE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR OUTDOOR TESTS ON SITEWIDE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR OUTDOOR TESTS ON MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS, PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed AetioD: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) proposes to conduct outdoor tests and experiments on materials and equipment components under controlled conditions. No source, special nuclear, or byproduct materials would be involved, but encapsulated radioactive sources manufactured to applicable standards or other radiological materials could be used in activities under this categorical exclusion (eX). LoeatioD of Action: The locations would include DOE property at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Site and other offsite outdoor locations. Description of the Proposed Action:

327

Architecture for environmental learning : a National Outdoor Leadership School in Baja, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An understanding of people, program, and place establishes a foundation from which to make architectural decisions. The focus of this thesis is to understand the needs of those involved in an outdoor education school in ...

Galyean, Taylor

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Roughness Lengths for Momentum and Heat Derived from Outdoor Urban Scale Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban climate experimental results from the Comprehensive Outdoor Scale Model (COSMO) were used to estimate roughness lengths for momentum and heat. Two different physical scale models were used to investigate the scale dependence of the ...

M. Kanda; M. Kanega; T. Kawai; R. Moriwaki; H. Sugawara

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

IntenCity - 2 Solid State Outdoor Luminaire SL-3200 High Output LED Street Light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product under assessment is an advanced lighting technology8212a solid state outdoor luminarie light emitting diode (LED) street lighting system designed to provide various levels of direct white light.

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

330

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Valley of California, USA. J. Aerosol Science 32, S631-S632.particles of outdoor origin. Aerosol Science and Technology,in Central California. Aerosol Science and Technology, 40,

Lunden, Melissa M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life enviable Nuclear engineer graduate research assistant gets valueable experience while taking advantage of local outdoor recreational activities. August 2, 2012 James Miller Miller first came to the Laboratory in 2006 as a summer student. His college advisor, a former LANL employee, found him an internship through the student programs office. Miller highly recommends LANL as a place to start a career, "The student programs are very mentor-driven, allowing you to gain phenomenal experience and build a professional network that will set you up for the rest of your life." "I have access to top-level scientists in the world, doing some of the best

332

Lightning arrestor connector lead magnesium niobate qualification pellet test procedures.  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced knowledge preservation for DOE DP technical component activities has recently received much attention. As part of this recent knowledge preservation effort, improved documentation of the sample preparation and electrical testing procedures for lead magnesium niobate--lead titanate (PMN/PT) qualification pellets was completed. The qualification pellets are fabricated from the same parent powders used to produce PMN/PT lightning arrestor connector (LAC) granules at HWF&T. In our report, the procedures for fired pellet surface preparation, electrode deposition, electrical testing and data recording are described. The dielectric measurements described in our report are an information only test. Technical reasons for selecting the electrode material, electrode size and geometry are presented. The electrical testing is based on measuring the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of the pellet during cooling from 280 C to 220 C. The most important data are the temperature for which the peak dielectric constant occurs (Curie Point temperature) and the peak dielectric constant magnitude. We determined that the peak dielectric constant for our procedure would be that measured at 1 kHz at the Curie Point. Both the peak dielectric constant and the Curie point parameters provide semi-quantitative information concerning the chemical and microstructural homogeneity of the parent material used for the production of PMN/PT granules for LACs. Finally, we have proposed flag limits for the dielectric data for the pellets. Specifically, if the temperature of the peak dielectric constant falls outside the range of 250 C {+-} 30 C we propose that a flag limit be imposed that will initiate communication between production agency and design agency personnel. If the peak dielectric constant measured falls outside the range 25,000 {+-} 10,000 we also propose that a flag limit be imposed.

Tuohig, W. (Honeywell FM& T, Kansas City, MO); Mahoney, Patrick A.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew; Wheeler, Jill Susanne

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Cloud to ground lightning in tropical cyclone: a study of 34 West Atlantic tropical cyclones from 1986-1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud to ground (CG) lightning characteristics and patterns were investigated for 34 tropical cyclones for the time period 1986 to 1996. Spatial analysis of CG lightning relative to both compass directions and the direction of motion were compiled. Additionally, a radial analysis of this data was performed within both a 300 km radius and a 50 km radius range. Finally, all analyses were stratified into all tropical cyclones and hurricane categories for further consideration. The National Lightning Detection Network recorded 307,593 CG lightning flashes within 300 km of the storms in this study. Negative flashes had an average first stroke peak current of -49 kA and a mean multiplicity of 2.7. Positive flashes occurred at a rate of 5.3 percent, with a mean peak current of 43 kA and 1.2 multiplicity average. Detected CG lightning characteristics changed significantly with a network upgrade in 1994. CG lightning flashes for all tropical cyclones favored the area south and west of the cyclone center. However, taking into account storm relative motion, the majority of flashes shifts to the front and right sections of the storm. Radial plots indicated lightning frequency increased throughout the domain, with a maximum between 270 km and 300 km. Hurricanes, however, indicated flashes occurred most often in the north and east quadrants. When adjusting for storm motion, the activity shifts to the right with some evidence of individual rainbands in the rear section. Radial plots indicated the increased organization of hurricanes, with a weak maxima in the convective eyewall, a minimum in the stratiform area, and a strong maximum in the outer rainbands. Further analysis indicated a higher frequency of CG lightning flashes in hurricanes suggests a state of hurricane strengthening or weakening. However, there was no direct correlation in the observed lightning frequency with a given change in the central pressure of the hurricane.

Coyne, John Michael

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Lightning Charge Retrievals: Dimensional Reduction, LDAR Constraints, and a First Comparison with LIS Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “dimensional reduction” (“DR”) method is introduced for analyzing lightning field changes (?Es) whereby the number of unknowns in a discrete two-charge model is reduced from the standard eight (x, y, z, Q, x?, y?, z?, Q?) to just four (x, y, z, ...

W. J. Koshak; E. P. Krider; N. Murray; D. J. Boccippio

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Seasonal, Regional, and Storm-Scale Variability of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Characteristics in Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal, regional, and storm-scale variations of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning characteristics in Florida are presented. Strong positive CG (+CG) and negative CG (?CG) flashes (i.e., having large peak current) are emphasized since they often are ...

Scott D. Rudlosky; Henry E. Fuelberg

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Discovery's Final Flight Lightning Signature Could Help Reveal Solar System's Origin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of exploration, learning, and fun. The theme, "Explore Our World," gave visitors an opportunity to move objects in the distant uni- verse, as well as here on Earth. At the thermal engineering table, attendees Goddard Updates The Weekly - 2 NASA Exhibits Inspire Maryland Day Explorers - 3 Lightning Signature Could

337

Relationships between Thunderstorms and Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from networks of lightning sensors operated during 1986?89 were employed to perform climatic assessments of cloud-to-ground (CG) flashes, and of the relationship between CG flashes and thunder events, as reported at 62 first-order stations. ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cloud-to-Ground Lightning throughout the Lifetime of a Severe Storm System in Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data are examined relative to digitized radar data for a storm system that occurred in Oklahoma on 26 May 1985. This system evolved through three stages: 1) two lines of cells, one near the dryline and the other 60 ...

Mark A. Shafer; Donald R. MacGorman; Frederick H. Carr

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Photoelectric Technique for Measuring Lightning-Channel Propagation Velocities from a Mobile Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a device to measure lightning-channel propagation velocities. It consists of eight solid state silicon photodetectors mounted behind precision horizontal slits in the focal plane of a 50-mm lens on a 35-mm camera body. Each ...

Douglas M. Mach; W. David Rust

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Storms and Lightning Activity in Greece during the Warm Periods of 2003–06  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning activity over Greece during the warm season (May–September) of the years 2003–06 is investigated in relation to the synoptic meteorological conditions that prevailed in the region. The study is based on the use of cloud-to-ground ...

N. Mazarakis; V. Kotroni; K. Lagouvardos; A. A. Argiriou

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Observations of High Ground Flash Densities of Positive Lightning in Summertime Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of summertime thunderstorms indicate that positive polarity cloud-to-ground lightning activity can occur with rates as high as 67 flashes in 5 min and spatial densities up to 0.60 flashes per square kilometer per hour. All ground ...

Maribeth Stolzenburg

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Radar Nowcasting of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning over Houston, Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ten years (1997–2006) of summer (June–August) daytime (1400–0000 UTC) Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler data for Houston, Texas, were examined to determine the best radar-derived predictors of the first cloud-to-ground lightning flash from a ...

Richard M. Mosier; Courtney Schumacher; Richard E. Orville; Lawrence D. Carey

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Thunderstorm Events that Produce Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in the Interior Southeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data are used in this study to trace the daily patterns of thunderstorms in time and space across the topographically diverse southeastern United States. Four reoccurring patterns of thunderstorms (i.e., local, ...

Mark S. Murphy; Charles E. Konrad II

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Understanding the Relationships between Lightning, Cloud Microphysics, and Airborne Radar-Derived Storm Structure during Hurricane Karl (2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores relationships between lightning, cloud microphysics, and tropical cyclone (TC) storm structure in Hurricane Karl (16 September 2010) using data collected by the NASA DC-8 and Global Hawk (GH) aircraft during NASA’s Genesis and ...

Brad Reinhart; Henry Fuelberg; Richard Blakeslee; Douglas Mach; Andrew Heymsfield; Aaron Bansemer; Stephen L. Durden; Simone Tanelli; Gerald Heymsfield; Bjorn Lambrigtsen

345

Anomalous Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in an F5-Tornado-Producing Supercell Thunderstorm on 28 August 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An F5 tornado that devastated Plainfield, Illinois, and environs on 28 August 1990, killing 29 people, is shown to be preduced by a thunderstorm characterized by highly anomalous could-to-ground (CG) lightning activity. Unlike typical summertime ...

Anton Seimon

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

An Operational System for the Remote Location of Lightning Flashes Using a VLF Arrival Time Difference Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational system for the remote location of lightning flashes at ranges of thousands of kilometers is presented. The vertical electric fields of VLF radio atmospherics (sferics), together with time data, are observed at a network of just ...

Anthony C. L. Lee

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Relationship between Precipitation and Lightning in Tropical Island Convection: A C-Band Polarimetric Radar Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the primary scientific objectives of the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment was to study cloud electrification processes in tropical island convection, in particular, the coupling between ice phase precipitation and lightning ...

Lawrence D. Carey; Steven A. Rutledge

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Relationship of Lightning Activity with Microwave Brightness Temperatures and Spaceborne Radar Reflectivity Profiles in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the relationship of lightning activity in the central and eastern Mediterranean with the 85-GHz polarization-corrected temperature (PCT) and radar reflectivity provided by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite is ...

D. K. Katsanos; K. Lagouvardos; V. Kotroni; A. A. Argiriou

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A New Spatial-Scale Decomposition of the Brier Score: Application to the Verification of Lightning Probability Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new scale decomposition of the Brier score for the verification of probabilistic forecasts defined on a spatial domain is introduced. The technique is illustrated on the Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC) lightning probability forecasts. ...

B. Casati; L. J. Wilson

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Global Lightning Variations Caused by Changes in Thunderstorm Flash Rate and by Changes in the Number of Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global lightning activity is highly variable on many timescales. This variability is attributable to changes in the flash rate per thunderstorm, the number of thunderstorms, or a combination. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission provides ...

E. Williams; K. Rothkin; D. Stevenson; D. Boccippio

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Nocturnal Photographs Taken from a U-2 Airplane Looking Down on Tops of Clouds Illuminated by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photographs have been taken at night from an airplane at an altitude of 20 km looking directly down on the tops of thunderclouds illuminated by lightning. The hard, cauliflower-like appearance of the clouds gives evidence that strong convective ...

B. Vonnegut; O. H. Vaughan Jr.; M. Brook

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Intraseasonal Forcing of Convection and Lightning Activity in the Southern Amazon as a Function of Cross-Equatorial Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on modulation of lightning and convective vertical structure in the southern Amazon as a function of the South American monsoon V index (VI). Four wet seasons (December–March 1998–2001) of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (...

Walter A. Petersen; Rong Fu; Mingxuan Chen; Richard Blakeslee

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A Method to Identify the Optimal Areal Unit for NLDN Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash Data Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, no uniform method exists for determining the optimal areal unit to analyze National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) data. To address this problem, this paper utilizes the capabilities of modern geographic information systems (GIS) ...

Michael D. Schultz; S. Jeffrey Underwood; Premkrishnan Radhakrishnan

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Characteristic Differences of Rainfall and Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity over South Korea during the Summer Monsoon Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the characteristic variations of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning and total precipitation during the Korean summer monsoon (June–August) season have been extensively analyzed for different climate regimes. The data used in this study ...

S. K. Kar; Kyung-Ja Ha

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Making recreational space: citizen involvement in outdoor recreation and park establishment in British Columbia, 1900-2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Studies of outdoor recreation and the social construction of wilderness have shown how urban consumption of wilderness areas dispossessed rural residents from traditional land uses.… (more)

Clayton, Jenny

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

An evaluation of three commercially available technologies for real-time measurement of rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RATES OF OUTDOOR AIRFLOW INTO HVAC SYSTEMS William J. Fisk,determine flow resistance of hvac ducts and fittings. A S H

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The effects of outdoor heat exchanger hydrophobic treatment on the performance of an air source heat pump.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The effects of outdoor heat exchanger hydrophobic treatment on the performance of an air source heat pump were investigated. The base case tests used a… (more)

Parker, Brandon DeWayne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Environmental control of cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in severe storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn directly control cloud electrification and CG flash polarity. A more specific hypothesis, which has been supported by past observational and laboratory charging studies, suggests that broad, strong updrafts and associated large liquid water contents in severe storms lead to enhanced positive charging of graupel and hail via the noninductive charging mechanism, the generation of an inverted charge structure, and increased positive CG lightning production. The corollary is that environmental conditions favoring these kinematic and microphysical characteristics should support severe storms generating an anomalously high (> 25%) percentage of positive CG lightning (i.e., positive storms), while environmental conditions relatively less favorable should sustain storms characterized by a typical (? 25%) percentage of positive CG lightning (i.e., negative storms). Forty-eight inflow proximity soundings were analyzed to characterize the environments of nine distinct mesoscale regions of severe storms (four positive and five negative) on six days during May – June 2002 over the central United States. This analysis clearly demonstrated significant and systematic differences in the mesoscale environments of positive and negative storms, which were consistent with the stated hypothesis. When compared to negative storms, positive storms occurred in environments associated with a drier low to midtroposphere, higher cloud base height, smaller warm cloud depth, stronger conditional instability, larger 0-3 km AGL wind shear, stronger 0-2 km AGL storm-relative wind speed, and larger buoyancy in the mixed-phase zone, at a statistically significant level. Differences in the warm cloud depth of positive and negative storms were by far the most dramatic, suggesting an important role for this parameter in controlling CG lightning polarity. Subjective visual inspection of radar imagery revealed no strong relationship between convective mode and CG lightning polarity, and also illustrated that positive and negative severe storms can be equally intense.

Buffalo, Kurt Matthew

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Environmental control of cloud-to-ground lightning polarity in severe storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, it is hypothesized that the mesoscale environment can indirectly control the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning polarity of severe storms by directly affecting their structural, dynamical, and microphysical properties, which in turn directly control cloud electrification and CG flash polarity. A more specific hypothesis, which has been supported by past observational and laboratory charging studies, suggests that broad, strong updrafts and associated large liquid water contents in severe storms lead to enhanced positive charging of graupel and hail via the noninductive charging mechanism, the generation of an inverted charge structure, and increased positive CG lightning production. The corollary is that environmental conditions favoring these kinematic and microphysical characteristics should support severe storms generating an anomalously high (> 25%) percentage of positive CG lightning (i.e., positive storms), while environmental conditions relatively less favorable should sustain storms characterized by a typical (? 25%) percentage of positive CG lightning (i.e., negative storms). Forty-eight inflow proximity soundings were analyzed to characterize the environments of nine distinct mesoscale regions of severe storms (four positive and five negative) on six days during May - June 2002 over the central United States. This analysis clearly demonstrated significant and systematic differences in the mesoscale environments of positive and negative storms, which were consistent with the stated hypothesis. When compared to negative storms, positive storms occurred in environments associated with a drier low to midtroposphere, higher cloud base height, smaller warm cloud depth, stronger conditional instability, larger 0-3 km AGL wind shear, stronger 0-2 km AGL storm-relative wind speed, and larger buoyancy in the mixed-phase zone, at a statistically significant level. Differences in the warm cloud depth of positive and negative storms were by far the most dramatic, suggesting an important role for this parameter in controlling CG lightning polarity. Subjective visual inspection of radar imagery revealed no strong relationship between convective mode and CG lightning polarity, and also illustrated that positive and negative severe storms can be equally intense.

Buffalo, Kurt Matthew

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Transportation Services | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Services Transportation Services The BNL Transportation Office, located at 20 Brookhaven Avenue, Building 400A, is available to assist BNL employees, guests and visitors with transportation needs in support of Laboratory programs. The hours of operation are 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM Monday through Friday. To contact the Transportation Office call (631) 344-2535. Stony Brook Parking Passes The Transportation Office has a limited number of parking passes for the three (3) parking garages at Stony Brook University. The passes are available to and are intended for use by BNL employees/scientific staff on official business only. Passes may be used at the Administration, University Hospital and Health Services Center garages on the Stony Brook campus when visiting SBU on official business.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Microsoft Word - Outdoor Small- and Pilot-Scale Research and Development 3768X_final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outdoor, Small- and Pilot-Scale Research and Development (3768X) Outdoor, Small- and Pilot-Scale Research and Development (3768X) Program or Field Office: Office of Science - ORNL Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: The U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Site Office (DOE-OSO) proposes to conduct outdoor, small- and pilot-scale research and development activities and associated transfer, lease, disposition or acquisition of interests in personal or real property involving advanced materials, biological and ecological systems, energy science, and national security including but not limited to collecting samples and analyzing ecosystem and atmospheric field data; developing, evaluating and testing equipment, materials and components; and

362

B3.11 SWCX for Outdoor Tests, Experiments on Materials and Equipment Components-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 SWCX for Outdoor Tests, Experiments on Materials and Equipment Components- 1 SWCX for Outdoor Tests, Experiments on Materials and Equipment Components- Revision 0 Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Outdoor Tests, Experiments on Materials and Equipment Components Introduction .A .. s defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Hanford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same n

363

Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart May 26, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Members of Team New Zealand | Courtesy of the New Zealand team's Flickr photostream Members of Team New Zealand | Courtesy of the New Zealand team's Flickr photostream Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. In honor of the U.S Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient and attractive -- we are

364

Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart Solar Decathlon Design Places People and the Outdoors at its Heart May 26, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Members of Team New Zealand | Courtesy of the New Zealand team's Flickr photostream Members of Team New Zealand | Courtesy of the New Zealand team's Flickr photostream Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. In honor of the U.S Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient and attractive -- we are

365

New Revelation of Lightning Ball Observation and Proposal for a Nuclear Reactor Fusion Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the author brings further details regarding his Lightning Ball observation that were not mentioned in the first one (Ref.1-2). Additionally, he goes more into detail as the three forces that are necessary to allow the residual crescent form the hydrodynamic vortex ring to shrink into a sphere.Further topics are the similarities and analogies between the Lightning Ball formation's theory and the presently undertaken Tokamak-Stellarator-Spheromak fusion reactor experiments. A new theory and its experimental realisation are proposed as to make the shrinking of the hot plasma of reactors into a ball possible by means of the so called long range electromagnetic forces. In this way,the fusion ignition temperature could possibly atteined.

Tar, Domokos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

New Revelation of Lightning Ball Observation and Proposal for a Nuclear Reactor Fusion Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the author brings further details regarding his Lightning Ball observation that were not mentioned in the first one (Ref.1-2). Additionally, he goes more into detail as the three forces that are necessary to allow the residual crescent form the hydrodynamic vortex ring to shrink into a sphere.Further topics are the similarities and analogies between the Lightning Ball formation's theory and the presently undertaken Tokamak-Stellarator-Spheromak fusion reactor experiments. A new theory and its experimental realisation are proposed as to make the shrinking of the hot plasma of reactors into a ball possible by means of the so called long range electromagnetic forces. In this way,the fusion ignition temperature could possibly atteined.

Domokos Tar

2009-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

367

VLF and LF signatures of mesospheric/lower ionospheric response to lightning discharges  

SciTech Connect

New evidence is presented of disturbances of the electrical conductivity of the nighttime mesosphere and the lower ionosphere in association with lightning discharges. In addition to extensive documentation of the characteristics of a class of event heretofore referred to as early/fast VLF events [Inan et al.], this data reveal a new feature of these events, consisting of a postonset peak that typically lasts for 1-2 s. The authors also report the observation of short-duration VLF or LF perturbation, in which the amplitude of the subionospheric signal exhibits a sudden change within 20 ms of the causative lightning discharge, and recovers back to its original level in < 3 s. These short-duration events have characteristics similiar to the previously observed rapid onset, rapid decay VLF signatures [Dowden et al.]. Both the typical and rapidly recovering events are observed primarily when the causative lightning discharge is within {+-}50 km of the VLF or LF great circle propagation path, indicating that the scattering from the localized disturbance is highly collimated in the forward direction. The latter in turn implies that for the parameters in hand, the transverse extent of the disturbance must be at least {approximately} 100-150 km. The measured VLF signatures are compared with the predictions of a three-dimensional model of subionospheric VLF propogation and scattering in the presence of localized ionospheric disturbances produced by electromagnetic impulses and quasi-electrostatic (QE) fields produced by lightning discharges. The rapidly recovering or short-duration events are consistent with the heating of the ambient electrons by quasi-static electric fields, in cases when heating is not intense enough to exceed the attachment or ionization thresholds. When no significant electron density changes occur, the conductivity changes due to heating alone last only as long as the QE fields, typically less than a few seconds. 29 refs., 12 figs.

Inan, U.S.; Slingeland, A.; Pasko, V.P. [Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Rodriguez, J.V. [Phillips Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, MA (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Ball Lightning Model as a Possible Explanation of Recently Reported Cavity Lights  

SciTech Connect

The salient features of cavity lights, in particular, mobile luminous objects (MLO's), as have been experimentally observed in superconducting accelerator cavities, are summarized. A model based upon standard electromagnetic interactions between a small particle and the 1.5 GHz cavity excitation field is described. This model can explain some features of these data, in particular, the existence of particle orbits without wall contact. While this result is an important success for the model, it is detailed why the model as it stands is incomplete. It is argued that no avenues for a suitable extension of the model through established physics appear evident, which motivates an investigation of a model based upon a more exotic object, ball lightning. As discussed, further motivation derives from the fact that there are significant similarities in many of the qualitative features of ball lightning and MLO's, even though they appear in quite different circumstances and differ in scale by orders of magnitude. The ball lightning model, which incorporates electromagnetic charges and currents, is based on a symmetrized set of Maxwell's equations in which the electromagnetic sources and fields are characterized by a process called dyality rotation. It is shown that a consistent mathematical description of dyality rotation as a physical process can be achieved by adding suitable (phenomenological) current terms to supplement the usual current terms in the symmetrized Maxwell's equations. These currents, which enable the conservation of electric and magnetic charge, are called vacuum currents. It is shown that the proposed ball lightning model offers a good qualitative explanation of the perplexing aspects of the MLO data. Avenues for further study are indicated.

Fryberger, David; /SLAC

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

369

Lightning-induced coupling of the radiation belts to geomagnetically conjugate ionospheric regions  

SciTech Connect

Very low frequency (VLF) radio observations in Antarctica and North America provide the first evidence that bursts of energetic electrons from the earth's radiation belts commonly precipitate into geomagnetically conjugate ionospheric regions in response to lightning. The electrons, with energies ranging from tens of keV to over one MeV, appear to be scattered out of their otherwise stable trap in the earth's magnetic field by magnetospheric interactions with a regularly observed class of transient, lightning-generated VLF radio waves known as ducted whistlers. The precipitating electrons ionize atmospheric molecules at altitudes between 40 and 90 km, creating transient enhancements of ionization levels in conjugate locations. These ionospheric disturbances can be detected by their characteristic perturbations, sometimes called 'Trimpi events,' of the amplitude and phase of VLF transmitter signals propagating subionospherically within 200 to 250 km of the disturbed areas. The first detailed, one-to-one comparison of such signal perturbations, monitored in conjugate regions, with the multipath structure, arrival azimuths, and predicted electron scattering of simultaneously observed ducted whistlers suggests that every ducted whistler precipitates bursts of radiation belt electrons. If so, the estimated rate at which ducted whistlers contribute to radiation belt losses is comparable to that predicted for plasmaspheric hiss, a different class of magnetospheric wave that is often considered to control the structure of the belts. Lightning could therefore play a significant role in the maintenance of radiation belt equilibrium.

Burgess, W.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Transient performance of substation grounding systems subjected to lightning and similar surge currents  

SciTech Connect

The frequency and time domain performance of a typical substation grounding system subjected to a lightning strike is described and discussed. The computed scalar potentials, electric fields and magnetic fields are presented graphically as a function of spatial coordinate, as a function of time and as a function of both. It is believed that these detailed results have not been published before. First, a double exponential lightning surge current is injected into the center of a square ground grid. This same surge current is then injected at one corner of the grid. The response of the grounding system to the frequency domain electromagnetic spectrum of this signal is computed by a frequency domain electromagnetic field analysis software package. Once all the frequency responses have been computed, the temporal and spatial distributions of the electromagnetic fields inside and near the substation are obtained by an inverse Fourier transformation of all these responses. The results are compared with some well known low frequency results and to recent published work in this area. These results indicate that the performance of the grounding system is significantly dependent on frequency and on the point of impact of the lightning strike.

Xiong, W.; Dawalibi, F.P. (Safe Engineering Services Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A classification of Texas thunderstorms according to their cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics during spring 1993  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Lightning Detection Network detected more than 800 000 cloud-to-ground lightning flashes from 119 storm systems which affected Texas during April-June 1993. This study attempted to characterize these flashes over the entire three-month period, then classify the storms according to their lightning characteristics, relative to their type, geographical location, and maximum echo height. Examination of the flashes over the entire period found that the highest ground flash densities within the study region (26.50-34.5" N, 102'-930 W) were in southeastern Texas. The flashes lowering negative charge to ground had a mean multiplicity of 2.91 strokes and median first-return stroke peak current of 32.1 kiloamperes (kA). Six percent of the flashes were positive; the positive flashes exhibited a mean multiplicity of 1.43 and a median peak current of 36.6 kA. Relating the data to storm type revealed that frontal storm lightning was 2-3 times more positive than observed in airmass storms. Negative lightning in airmass storms had slightly higher mean multiplicities and peak currents than in frontal storms, while frontal storms had higher positive flash multiplicities and peak current values. Analysis by storm location showed that inland storm lightning flashes were more than twice as positive as those in coastal storms, but coastal storms had lower multiplicities and higher peak currents (both polarities) than observed in inland storms. Comparison of lightning characteristics to maximum echo height found a positive correlation between flash rates and echo heights, a negative correlation between percent positive rates and echo heights, a positive correlation between negative flash multiplicities and echo heights, and a negative correlation between positive Flash peak currents and echo heights. Negative flash peak currents remained relatively constant with increasing echo heights.

McMillan, Stephen Randall

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Recruitment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IAEA Recruitment Services Personal History Form (PHF) and Job Opportunities IAEA Employment Benefits Relevant Publications and Brochures Interview Process This service is provided...

373

Copy Service, Production Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Copy Service Copy Service Copying in color or black-and-white from hard copy or electronic files. Paper size up to 13" x 19" in a variety of stocks and colors. Larger Documents (up to 36" wide and 100" long) can be reproduced in Black & White from prints or files and can be saved in a variety of electronic format Variable Data Printing - personalized document production Tab Printing Forms CD/DVD Duplication CD/DVD direct printing Binding Collate documents, insert tab dividers, punch holes for binding Stapling documents up to 1 inch thick Spiral, adhesive and perfect binding. Hard covers also available upon request Folding & Mailing Print and apply mailing addresses and labels Machine fold documents and insert into envelopes for mailing Laminate printed items up to 35" wide.

374

Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Service Buildings... Most service buildings were small, with almost ninety percent between 1,001 and 10,000 square feet. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Category Figure showing number of service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Service Buildings

375

Radar, satellite, and lightning characteristics of select mesoscale convective systems in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study compares radar data from the League City, Texas WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) which occur at various stages of development along the upper Texas Gulf Coast. Vertical profiles of radar reflectivity (VPRR) as well as plan views and vertical cross sections are constructed to characterize the structure and relative strength of each MCS. The VPRR are also compared with similar profiles from tropical oceanic MCSs. The data show that in all cases the majority of negative CG lightning flashes are located near high reflectivity convective cores (> 35 dBZ) in the mixed phase region (O'C -20'C). Growing or mature MCSs typically had larger negative flash counts and higher percentages of negative lightning (> 80%) associated with convective cores than MCSs at later stages of their life cycle. Comparison of the median VPRR for the various MCSs showed that although each case had high reflectivity cores (45-55 dBZ) in the lowest 2 to 3 km, the more electrically active MCSs were characterized by smaller reflectivity lapse rates (decrease of reflectivity with height) in mixed phase region than the cores in the remaining systems. Based on existing theories of charge separation, the observation of high negative flash counts coincident with convective cores having small reflectivity lapse rates in the mixed phase region is consistent with the presence of large ice particles aloft. Positive CG flashes were mostly located in low reflectivity (< 30 dBZ near the-10C level) stratiform regions, independent of MCS life cycle stage or VPRR type. Several cases with reports of large hail also had high positive flash densities associated with high reflectivity cores. Devlin et al. (1995) compare 85 GHz brightness temperatures from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to lightning data for the same set of MCSs examined in this study. The results using radar and 85 GHz data indicate that the presence of large ice particles aloft is the common linkage between MCSs with lightning, with high radar reflectivity aloft, and large 85 GHz temperature depressions.

Toracinta, Ernest Richard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The NREL Outdoor Accelerated-Weathering Tracking System Photovoltaic Module Exposure Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Status results are presented for the Outdoor Accelerated-Weathering Tracking System (OATS) first study on photovoltaic (PV) modules. Studies began in November 1997 on pairs of commercially available crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon (a-Si) PV modules kept at constant resistive load.

Basso, T. S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

EVLA Memo No. 89 The EVLA Outdoor Antenna Test Range Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projected Costs if new range equipment were purchased Total Material and Equipment costs (to date) for building test range: Funds required to complete project Total NRAO Costs (estimate) without NMT involvementEVLA Memo No. 89 The EVLA Outdoor Antenna Test Range Project: Fourth Quarter 2004, Progress Report

Groppi, Christopher

378

Evaluation of Emerging Line Inspection Technologies: Results of 2012 Outdoor Laboratory Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes outdoor laboratory testing performed in 2012 to evaluate different approaches to establish conductor temperature during a helicopter-based Lidar field survey of an existing overhead transmission line. Establishing conductor temperature during Lidar surveys is necessary to assemble a line model to determine line sags, and thus clearances, under full rating and specified environmental conditions. ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

379

Stability of CIS/CIGS Modules at the Outdoor Test Facility over Two Decades: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses examining the status and question of long-term stability of copper indium diselenide (CIS) photovoltaic (PV) module performance for numerous modules that are deployed in the array field, or on the roof of, the outdoor test facility (OTF) at NREL, acquired from two manufacturers.

del Cueto, J. A.; Rummel, S.; Kroposki, B.; Osterwald, C.; Anderberg, A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Climatological lightning characteristics of the Southern Rocky and Appalachian Mountain chains, a comparison of two distinct mountain effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study presents a high-resolution lightning climatology for southern portions of both the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. Data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) are analyzed to produce maps of average annual lightning flash density, positive flash density, percent positive flashes, median peak current, and multiplicity. Three-hourly increments are used to demonstrate the annual average diurnal evolution of flash density. Data are also divided into seasonal averages for the same three-hourly increments to describe the daily evolution of flash density for each of the four seasons: December-January-February, March-April-May, June-July-August, and September-October-November. The flash density analyses reveal opposite mountain-valley effects. In the Rocky Mountains, flash density enhancements occur over and near mountains and flash density minima occur in the valleys. In the Appalachians, the enhancements occur in the valleys, while minimums are noted over the mountains. The eastern edge of the Appalachian lightning suppression is determined to be a result of faster propagation of mountain-initiated convection. Weaker mountain breezes in the Appalachians are theorized to be the catalysts for this. The western edge of the suppression is the cumulative effect of consistent flash density gradients at the Appalachian's western slopes. A theory is presented which links this gradient to observations of high median peak currents. Statistical tests on flash density means show that the Appalachian suppression is significant. Multiple regressions predict lightning flash density from terrain characteristics. Vertical wind and thermodynamic profiles, horizontal temperature differences at summit levels, and average annual precipitation complete the study. From these data, a conceptual model is presented to describe the nature of the lightning evolution in each region, and explain the processes that lead to the end state. This study concludes that the differences between the patterns of lightning characteristics in the Southern Rockies and the Southern Appalachians are the cumulative effects of subtle differences in the diurnal evolution patterns. Furthermore, the Appalachian lightning suppression is a product of lightning propagation and storm evolution, rather than a suppression of convective initiation.

Phillips, Stephen Edward

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building a predictive model of indoor concentrations of outdoor PM-2.5 for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building a predictive model of indoor concentrations of outdoor PM-2.5 for Building a predictive model of indoor concentrations of outdoor PM-2.5 for a residential research house in Clovis, California Title Building a predictive model of indoor concentrations of outdoor PM-2.5 for a residential research house in Clovis, California Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2002 Authors Fischer, Marc L., Melissa M. Lunden, Tracy L. Thatcher, David Littlejohn, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Susanne V. Hering, Richard G. Sextro, and Nancy J. Brown Abstract The prevalence of relocatable classrooms (RCs) at schools is rising due to federal and state initiatives to reduce K-3 class size, and limited capital resources. Concerns regarding inadequate ventilation and indoor air and environmental quality (IEQ) in RCs have been raised. Adequate ventilation is an important link between improved IEQ and energy efficiency for schools. Since students and teachers spend the majority of a 7-8 hour school day inside classrooms, indoor contaminant concentrations are assumed to drive personal school-day exposures. We conducted a demonstration project in new relocatable classrooms (RCs) during the 2001-02 school year to address these issues. Four new 24' x 40' (960 ft2) RCs were constructed and sited in pairs at an elementary school campus in each of two participant school districts (SD) in Northern California. Each RC was equipped with two heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, one per module. The two HVAC systems were a standard heat pump with intermittent 25-50% outdoor air ventilation and an energy-efficient advanced system, based on indirect-direct evaporative cooling with an integrated natural gas-fired hydronic heating loop and improved particle filtration, providing continuous 100% outdoor air ventilation at = 15 ft3 min-1 occupant-1. Alternate carpets, wall panels, and ceiling panels were installed in two classrooms -- one in each pair -- based on the results of a laboratory study of VOC emissions from standard and alternate materials. Numerous IEQ and outdoor air quality and meteorological parameters were measured either continuously over the school year or as integrated school day samples during the fall cooling and winter heating seasons. Details of the RC designs, the field monitoring methodology including handling, storage, transport and management of chemical samples and data, and analyses to be conducted are presented

382

A monthly climatological study of cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics throughout the contiguous United States: 1989-1994  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) has been in operation since 1989. The NLDN is currently composed of a mixture of magnetic direction finders (DFs) and time-of-arrival (TOA) sensors which locate cloud-to-ground (CG) flashes as well as measure their polarity, peak current, and multiplicity. A monthly climatology for the contiguous United States was created for the six years of data to establish an "average year". Analysis was completed for the mean values and interannual variability of several lightning parameters: ground flash density, positive ground flash density, percentage positive lightning, multiplicity, and median first-stroke peak currents. In addition to these lightning characteristics, correlation between monthly lightning and precipitation was analyzed in different areas throughout the country. The 1989-1994 mean monthly maximum values were analyzed. Maximum monthly ground flash density values ranged from 0.050 km-2 in December along the southern Mississippi Valley to 2.96 km-2 in July in central Florida. Similarly, positive ground flash density values ranged from 0.0068 km-2 in December in eastern Texas to 0.12 km-2 in July in northern Kansas. In the percentage positive lightning field a persistent protrusion, with locally higher values, appeared from Minnesota southwestward into Colorado from April through August. Mean monthly percentage positive lightning was highest in December at 16.0% and lowest in August at 3.0%. The mean monthly negative multiplicity ranged from 2.32 in February to 2.78 in June. The mean monthly positive multiplicity ranged from 1.26 in December to 1.35 in July. Geographically, the monthly maxima for the negative multiplicity field were generally found along the Gulf Coastal states, especially in Florida during the summer months. Unlike the negative flashes, the monthly maxima for the positive flashes were generally found in the Midwest. The monthly positive median first-stroke peak current ranged from 39 kA in July-September to 66 kA in December and January. Values for negative flashes ranged from 29 kA in May and June to 43 kA in January. Finally, the correlation between monthly precipitation and lightning flash count was much greater (r 2 >0.6) in the central Great Plains than in the Pacific Northwest and Deep South (r 2 <0.11).

Silver, Alan Corey

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Mailing Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mailing Services Mailing Services Use the form below to add your name to the Depleted UF6 Mailing List. First Name: Last Name: Organization: Address: City: State: Postal Code:...

384

Calibration Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of these applications, the Optoelectronics Division provides measurement services at laser power levels from nanowatts to kilowatts and pulse ...

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of Factors affecting the indoor concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols of outdoor origin Melissa M. Lunden 1 ∗ , Thomas W. Kirchstetter 1 , Tracy L. Thatcher 2 , Susanne V. Hering 3 , and Nancy J. Brown 1 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd., Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA 2 Aerosol Dynamics Inc., 2329 4th Street, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA Abstract A field study was conducted in an unoccupied single story residence in Clovis, California to provide data to address issues important to assess the indoor exposure to particles of outdoor origin. Measurements of black and organic carbonaceous aerosols were performed using a

386

Outdoor Performance of a Thin-Film Gallium-Arsenide Photovoltaic Module  

SciTech Connect

We deployed a 855 cm2 thin-film, single-junction gallium arsenide (GaAs) photovoltaic (PV) module outdoors. Due to its fundamentally different cell technology compared to silicon (Si), the module responds differently to outdoor conditions. On average during the test, the GaAs module produced more power when its temperature was higher. We show that its maximum-power temperature coefficient, while actually negative, is several times smaller in magnitude than that of a Si module used for comparison. The positive correlation of power with temperature in GaAs is due to temperature-correlated changes in the incident spectrum. We show that a simple correction based on precipitable water vapor (PWV) brings the photocurrent temperature coefficient into agreement with that measured by other methods and predicted by theory. The low operating temperature and small temperature coefficient of GaAs give it an energy production advantage in warm weather.

Silverman, T. J.; Deceglie, M. G.; Marion, B.; Cowley, S.; Kayes, B.; Kurtz, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Long Term Stability of the LHC Superconducting Cryodipoles after Outdoor Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main superconducting dipoles for the LHC are being stored outdoors for periods from a few weeks to several years after conditioning with dry nitrogen gas. Such a storage before installation in the 27 km circumference tunnel may affect not only the mechanical and cryogenic functionality of the cryodipoles but also their quench and field performance. A dedicated task force was established to study all aspects of long term behaviour of the stored cryodipoles, with particular emphasis on electrical and vacuum integrity, quench training behaviour, magnetic field quality, performance of the thermal insulation, mechanical stability of magnet shape and of the interface between cold mass and cryostat, degradation ofmaterials and welds. In particular, one specifically selected cryodipole stored outdoors for more than one year, was retested at cold. In addition, various tests have been carried out on the cryodipole assembly and on the most critical subcomponents to study aspects such as the hygrothermal behaviour of...

Seyvet, F; Bertarelli, A; Denis, O; El-Kallassi, P; Fernández-Cano, E D; Fessia, P; Ilie, S D; Jeanneret, J B; Letant, D; Poncet, A; Pugnat, P; Savary, F; Sgobba, Stefano; Siemko, A; Todesco, E; Tommasini, D; Veness, R; Vullierme, B; Wildner, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Comparison of indoor-outdoor thermal performance for the Sunpak evacuated tube liquid collector  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Performance data is provided for current Sunpak production collectors. The effects of an improved manifold are seen from the test results. The test results show excellent correlation between the solar simulator derived test results and outdoor test results. Also, because of different incident angle modifiers, the all-day efficiency of this collector with a diffuse reflector is found to be comparable to the performance with the standard shaped specular reflector.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Analysis of a Dedicated Outdoor Air System and Low Temperature Supply Air Conditioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the principles and the characteristics of a dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) and low temperature supply air system. DOAS is offered based on the demands of indoor air quality and the low temperature supply air system is offered based on the demands of saving energy. The two systems are very similar, which is analyzed in this paper. Using actual engineering, we compute the air flow rate, cold load and energy consumption in detail, and provide some good conclusions.

Guang, L.; Li, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That in Conventional Data Centers Title Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That in Conventional Data Centers Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4951E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Coles, Henry C., Tae Won Han, Phillip N. Price, Ashok J. Gadgil, and William F. Tschudi Date Published 03/2011 Abstract There is a concern that environmental-contamination caused corrosion may negatively affect Information Technology (IT) equipment reliability. Nineteen data centers in the United States and two in India were evaluated using Corrosion Classification Coupons (CCC) to assess environmental air quality as it may relate IT equipment reliability. The data centers were of two basic types: "closed" and outside-air cooled. A closed data center provides cool air to the IT equipment using air conditioning in which only a small percentage of the recirculation air is "make-up" air continuously supplied from outside to meet human health requirements. An outside-air cooled data center uses outside air directly as the primary source for IT equipment cooling. Corrosion measuring coupons containing copper and silver metal strips were placed in both "closed" and outside-air cooled data centers. The coupons were placed at each data center (closed and outside-air cooled types) with the location categorized into three groups:

391

Numerical Simulations of Outdoor Heat Stress Index and Heat Disorder Risk in the 23 Wards of Tokyo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, the summertime outdoor heat stress hazard and heat disorder risks (HDRs) were simulated numerically using a mesoscale meteorological model combined with an urban canopy model and a building energy model. Model grid maps ...

Yukitaka OHASHI; Yukihiro KIKEGAWA; Tomohiko IHARA; Nanami SUGIYAMA

392

Urban Energy Balance Obtained from the Comprehensive Outdoor Scale Model Experiment. Part I: Basic Features of the Surface Energy Balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to examine the basic features of the surface energy balance (SEB) using the data obtained from the Comprehensive Outdoor Scale Model (COSMO). COSMO is an idealized miniature city that has no vegetation, no human ...

Toru Kawai; Manabu Kanda

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Exploration of the meteorological characteristics leading to the rapid cessation of cloud-to-ground lightning in winter cyclones along the East Coast of the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intense winter East Coast cyclones are capable of producing large amounts of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning. Few studies have thoroughly investigated winter lightning in the eastern United States. A phenomena common to most of these storms is a rapid cessation of CG lightning over land, north of North Carolina. The primary focus of this study was investigating the possible causes of this rapid cessation. A secondary objective was to explore the characteristics of the CG lightning produced by these storms. Seven intense East Coast cyclones from 1990 to 1996 were analyzed. Soundings, lower atmospheric temperature structure and accumulated precipitation were used to examine possible causes for this rapid cessation. Soundings also provided the vertical wind shear and temperatures used for linear regression analysis of the percentage of positive CG flashes. Further exploration of CG lightning characteristics included peak currents and flash densities. The major cause of the CG lightning cessation appears to be related to stability and not a suppression of charging due to cold lower atmospheric temperatures. The warm sector of all but one storm passed out into the Atlantic Ocean before making it north of North Carolina. This eliminated most of the surface instability for convection. Meanwhile, most soundings from Virginia on northward showed that conditions aloft were too stable to support elevated convection. Colder lower atmospheric temperatures were just representative of stable conditions that would not support convection. Unfortunately, heavy precipitation was not a good indicator of the CG lightning activity during these seven storms. Contrary to previous studies of winter thunderstorms, vertical wind shear of the horizontal wind was not a good predictor of the percentage of positive CG flashes. A combination of temperature and vertical wind shear data yielded better results. Finally, maximum peak current values showed a preference for the main CG lightning region south of Virginia. This study shed light on some of the aspens of winter CG lightning during intense East Coast cyclones. However, many more studies are needed within this field.

Demetriades, Nicholas William Snow

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Biometric Web Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biometric Web Services. The biometric web services project combines biometrics and web services to. ... What are Web services? ...

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Production Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome Welcome The Production Services site contains links to each of the division's groups with descriptions of their services. Our goal is to update this website frequently to reflect ongoing service upgrades which, by planning and design, are added so that we can continue to meet your needs in a constantly changing work environment. Note: The Graphic Design Studio has been relocated to the second floor in the north wing of the Research Support Building 400. The telephone number remains the same, X7288. If you have any questions, please call supervisor, Rick Backofen, X6183. Photography Photography services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of photography services available. Video Video services are available at no charge to BNL and Guest users. See a list of the complete range of video services available.

396

Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Recovery signatures of lightning-associated VLF perturbations as a measure of the lower ionosphere  

SciTech Connect

A new model of the physical processes associated with subionospheric VLF signal perturbations caused by lightning-induced electron precipitation (LEP) bursts is developed to diagnose the state of the lower ionosphere (e.g., electron number density and rate coefficients for various chemical reactions) on the basis of measurements of VLF recovery signatures. The model accounts for the energy spectrum of the electron bursts precipitated by lightning-generated whistlers, the chemical relaxation of enhanced secondary ionization in the nightime D region due to LEP bursts, and quantitatively treats the resultant effects on propagation of the VLF signal in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide. Application of the model to experimental data obtained for the VLF propagation path from NPM station (Hawaii) to Palmer station (Antarctica) indicates that effective electron detachment rate {gamma}, enhanced secondary ionization profile (e.g., energy content of LEP bursts), as well as the ambient electron density distribution, may be estimated using observed subionospheric VLF recovery signatures. The effective detachment rate was identified as {approximately}10{sup 18} N s{sup {minus}1}, where N is total number density of neutrals. Model indicates in particular that the attachment-detachment processes play the dominant role in recovery of subionospheric VLF signal perturbations on timescales {approximately}100 s, and that the observed perturbations of the NPM-Palmer signal correspond to the LEP bursts consisting of relatively soft (< 250 keV) electrons. 33 refs., 24 figs.

Pasko, V.P.; Inan, U.S. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A New Method for the Measurement of the Site Errors of a Lightning Direction-Finder: Description and First Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major limitations in the use of magnetic direction-finders for locating lightning is the presence of systematic angle errors that are due to the local antenna site. An attempt was made to measure this systematic error, by using a ...

Th Schütte; E. Pisler; S. Israelsson

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

IEEE I&CPS Conf., May 7-11, San Antonio, Texas, pp. 147-152 Reliability of Lightning Resistant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1]. This paper presents a compilation of 32 years of historical records for outage causes, duration. Degenhardt, Member, IEEE Abstract An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 k and cost effective method to reduce lightning caused outages. In addition, comparisons are made between

Tolbert, Leon M.

400

Evolution of cloud-to-ground lightning characteristics within the convective region of a midlatitude squall line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between storm dynamics and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning characteristics in the convective region of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM (Preliminary Regional Experiment for Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology) squall line has been examined over a period of 49 minutes. Lightning data from the National Severe Storms Laboratory lightning detection network combined with seven dual-Doppler analyses provided a unique dataset in which to study this Mesoscale Convective System (MCS). The mature phase of this system passed through the dual-Doppler analysis domain during a period when the convective region made an apparent transition to a weaker convective state. For the overall system, the peak in flash rates was shown to lag the maximum in the vertical velocity by roughly 1 0 to 20 minutes. Cross-sectional analyses revealed numerous examples of this time lag along with a coincidence of descending mid-toupper level reflectivity features and increasing CG flash rates. Along-line dynamical differences in the convective region may have contributed to significant spatial variations in the flash rate. The northern portion of the line featured stronger, more continuous updrafts along with a relative sparseness of lightning strikes. The southern section displayed weaker, but more discrete cell evolution which coincided with a rather uniform and substantial number of CG strikes.

Billingsley, David Brian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Deaths, Injuries, and Damages from Lightning in the United States in the 1890s in Comparison with the 1990s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reduction by a factor of 10 in the population-weighted rate of lightning-caused deaths over the last century has been determined in several previous studies. The reasons have been attributed to a number of factors, but none have been quantified ...

Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Bradley C. Navarro

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Doppler Radar Signatures of Developing Thunderstorms and Their Potential to Indicate the Onset of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The capability of Doppler weather radars to short-term forecast the initiation of thunderstorms and the onset of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning is examined. Doppler weather radar data from 28 thunderstorms were analyzed from August 1990 in the ...

Kurt D. Hondl; Michael D. Eilts

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

An evaluation of lightning flash characteristics using LDAR and NLDN networks with warm season southeast Texas thunderstorms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of flash parameters from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) is made with data obtained from the Houston Lightning Detection and Ranging II (LDAR) network. This research focuses on relating the peak current and number of strokes in a negative flash (multiplicity) of lightning with the spatial extent and mean altitude of three-dimensional lightning in 1407 flashes as mapped by the LDAR network. It is shown that increasing negative multiplicities over the range two through ten exhibit, on average, a higher flash extent with higher multiplicities. Singlestroke flashes have mean heights of nearly 2 km greater. Higher order multiplicities (2 to 10+) were correlated with mean source heights near 8 km. Increasing multiplicity tends to be associated with greater flash extents increasing more horizontally than vertically with a 50% to 70% increase in flash extent. No obvious relationship between peak current and flash extent was observed. Examining peak current and mean height shows that low current flashes (<10kA) exhibit higher mean heights. However, this may be due to intra-cloud only flashes being reported as cloud to ground events by the NLDN. Bipolar flashes do not show much variation with height and flash extent with the exception of negative-first bipolar flashes, which exhibited mean flash extents twice that of other types. Finally, the flash detection efficiency is 99.7% within 60 km of the network center.

Jurecka, Joseph William

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

An Eight-Year Lightning Climatology of the Southeast United States Prepared for the 1996 Summer Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1996 Summer Olympics will be held in the Atlanta, Georgia, vicinity and several other sites in the southeast United States between 19 July and 4 August 1996. This period coincides with the peak thunderstorm season, so the threat of lightning ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ronald L. Holle

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Investigating the Potential of Using Radar Echo Reflectivity to Nowcast Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Initiation over Southern Ontario  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential for using radar echo reflectivity to forecast cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning initiation in the 0–1-h time frame was investigated in southern Ontario, Canada. The main purpose of this investigation was to determine a reflectivity ...

Y. Helen Yang; Patrick King

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Initial Studies with the Lightning Detector on the C/NOFS Satellite, and Cross Validation with WWLLN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lightning detector (LD) on the Communications/Navigation Outage Forecast System (C/NOFS) satellite uses a pair of silicon photodiodes, viewing each flank at right angles to the satellite track over an extended field of view. The data product ...

Abram R. Jacobson; Robert H. Holzworth; Michael P. McCarthy; Robert F. Pfaff

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Effect of the Reaction N + NO ? N*2(v = 5) + O on the Production of NO by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The channel heating model is used to study the NO production by lightning. The reaction N+NO?N*2 (v = 5)+O is included in this model to investigate the effect on NO production. The calculations show significant changes in the NO production ...

Rajesh Kumar; Vir Singh; Jagdish Rai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Low-level convergence and its role in convective intensity and frequency over the Houston lightning and rainfall anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An increase in the amount of lightning and rainfall over the Houston area, compared to the surrounding rural areas, has been well documented in previous studies. The placement of a Shared Mobile Atmospheric Research and Teaching Radar (SMART-R) in the Houston area during the summer season of 2005 presented a unique opportunity to investigate the role of boundary-layer convergence in modulating convective frequency and intensity and, thereby, likely causing the rainfall and lightning anomalies. The role of the urban heat island (UHI) and the sea-breeze, as a source of low-level convergence leading to enhanced convection over Houston, was examined. Hourly average dual-Doppler wind and convergence maps were created on 1 X 1 km grids for an eleven-week period. By using these images along with average lightning, rainfall, and reflectivity for a large Houston-centered domain, it was possible to discern a correlation between low-level convergence and convection. Also, past findings of enhancement in lightning and rainfall over Houston and downwind of Houston were validated. High convergence levels for the Houston area in the mid-morning were followed closely by a peak in convection in the early afternoon. The enhancement of rainfall and lightning over and downwind of downtown was found to be primarily from a large increase in frequency of deep convective events when compared to the surrounding domain. Also, it was found that UHI, rather than sea-breeze, was likely the primary causative mechanism in the development of convection over the Houston area because of the lack of deep convection in areas equally affected by the sea-breeze and the timing of the convection compared to time of peak sea-breeze. An area of weaker enhancement south of Houston, not discussed in previous studies, was found to be present, possibly from the interactions between the bay-breeze off of the Galveston Bay and the seabreeze.

McNear, Veronica Ann

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Translation Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... As a courtesy, the National Center for Standards ... companies may be located by entering the term ... translation services" in any Internet search engine. ...

410

Application of a Lightning Data Assimilation Technique in the WRF-ARW Model at Cloud-Resolving Scales for the Tornado Outbreak of 24 May 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents the assimilation of total lightning data to help initiate convection at cloud-resolving scales within a numerical weather prediction model. The test case is the 24 May 2011 Oklahoma tornado outbreak, which was characterized by ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Edward R. Mansell; Conrad L. Ziegler; Donald R. MacGorman

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Evolution of Eyewall Convective Events as Indicated by Intracloud and Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity during the Rapid Intensification of Hurricanes Rita and Katrina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning data (cloud-to-ground plus intracloud) obtained from the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA) for 2005’s Hurricanes Rita and Katrina were analyzed to provide a first insight into the three-dimensional electrical activity of rapidly ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Xuan-Min Shao; Timothy Hamlin; Jon M. Reisner; Jeremiah Harlin

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Extending the Capabilities of High-Frequency Rainfall Estimation from Geostationary-Based Satellite Infrared via a Network of Long-Range Lightning Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm for real-time precipitation estimation that combines satellite infrared with long-range lightning network observations is developed. The emphasis is on enhancing current capabilities in continuous rainfall monitoring over large ...

Carlos A. Morales; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Estimation of Lightning Stroke Peak Current as a Function of Peak Electric Field and the Normalized Amplitude of Signal Strength: Corrections and Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have made connections and improvements to published equations relating the peak current and the peak electric field intensity for return strokes of cloud-to-ground lightning. The original published equations were derived from ...

Y. P. Liaw; D. R. Cook; D. L. Sisterson

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Patterns of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning and Convective Rainfall Associated with Postwildfire Flash Floods and Debris Flows in Complex Terrain of the Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flood and debris flow reports from Storm Data and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are used to investigate the relationship between hazardous hydrological responses, convective rainfall, and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flash parameters. ...

S. Jeffrey Underwood; Michael D. Schultz

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Toward Development of Improved QPE in Complex Terrain Using Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Data: A Case Study for the 2005 Monsoon in Southern Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between convective precipitation and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning is examined over a study area in southwest Arizona and northwest Mexico. Using seasonal-to-daily and hourly time resolution, the National Climatic Data Center (...

Carlos Manuel Minjarez-Sosa; Christopher L. Castro; Kenneth L. Cummins; E. Philip Krider; Julio Waissmann

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Evolution of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Characteristics and Storm Structure in the Spearman, Texas, Tornadic Supercells of 31 May 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 31 May 1990, four tornadic supercell storms formed sequentially near the intersection of a dryline and an outflow boundary in the northern Texas panhandle. “Staccato” lightning flashes, which have been hypothesized to be positive ground ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Donald R. MacGorman

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Service Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines for Obtaining Guidelines for Obtaining Best-Practice Contracts for Commercial Buildings Operation and Maintenance Service Contracts Prepared with funding from the U.S. EPA December 1997 PECI Acknowledgements Special thanks to the following people for their ongoing contributions and careful review of the document: Byron Courts, Director of Engineering Services, and Dave Rabon, Chief Engineer, Melvin Mark Pete Degan, Director of Customer Marketing, Landis/Staefa David Fanning, HVAC Coordinator, EXPRESS Bil Pletz, Facility Manager, Intel Mike Sanislow, Service Channel Development Leader, Honeywell Home and Building Karl Stum, Director of Technical Services, PECI Tom Walton, President, United Service Alliance For additional copies of this guidebook, contact: Portland Energy Conservation Inc. (PECI)

418

Transpired Collectors (Solar Preheaters for Outdoor Ventilation Air)--023385m FTA collectors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal Technology Alert describes transpired collectors or solar preheaters for outdoor ventilation air. The President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative aims to install 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public-sector buildings by 2010. In support of the Initiative, and as part of a continual effort to ensure U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sustainable, the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) will help install those solar systems targeted for the federal sector.

419

Thermal performance evaluation of the solargenics solar collector at outdoor conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Information contained within this report presents test procedures used during the performance of an evaluation program. The test program was conducted to obtain the following performance data and information on the solar collector. (1) Thermal performance data under outdoor conditions, (2) Structural behavior of collector under static conditions, and (3) Effects of long term exposure to material weathering elements. The Solargenics is a liquid, single-glazed, flat-plate collector. Approximate dimensions of each collector are 240 inches long, 36 inches wide, and 3.5 inches in depth.

Not Available

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Public Service Co of Colorado | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of Colorado Place Colorado Utility Id 15466 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png C (Small Commercial Service) Commercial COMMERCIAL OUTDOOR AREA LIGHTING SERVICE - SCHEDULE CAL - 100w Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Evolution of vertical drafts and cloud-to-ground lightning within the convective region of a mesoscale convective complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the area-averaged vertical velocity within the objectively defined convective region of the 4 June 1985 PRE-STORM (Preliminary Regional Experiment for Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology-Central Phase) mesoscale convective complex (MCC) was examined over a 100 minute period during the storm's mature stage and compared to that of a squall line. The area-averaged vertical velocity profiles from twenty dual-Doppler analyses indicated significant differences in convective intensity both spatially and temporally. The peak magnitudes of the mid-to-upper level area-averaged vertical velocity were initially comparable to those from a squall line but became much weaker. The distribution of vertical velocities at mid-to-upper levels was consistent with weakening convection as the percentage of weak updrafts and downdrafts grew at the expense of stronger vertical motions. Typically the non-squall MCC had a much larger percentage of strong downdrafts than did the squall line. Horizontal and vertical cross-sections of both vertical velocity and reflectivity confirmed that the MCC was evolving toward a state with fewer and less intense updraft cores while cross-sections of storm relative flow revealed a descending rear-to-front inflow at later analysis times which reached the surface near locations of active convection. The relationship of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning to the kinematic structure of the MCC was also studied. For mesoscale regions there was a 10-20 minute time lag between the peak convective intensity and the peak CG flash rate. A similar delay was found on the convective scale for some convective cells, however, other apparently similar cells had little CG lightning throughout their evolution. An analysis of the vertical profiles of the vertical velocity, reflectivity and their gradients above CG lightning suggested a preferred vertical structure of these fields for CG lightning. CG lightning occurred beneath greater than average vertical velocities at mid-to-upper levels and greater than average vertical velocity gradients and reflectivity at all levels. CG lightning also occurred beneath greater than average reflectivity gradients at mid and upper-levels but beneath smaller than average reflectivity gradients at low-levels due to its avoidance of the highest reflectivity gradient regions.

Saul, Scott Henry

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite based indicators of inner core convection: 85 GHz ice scattering signature and lightning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key component in the maintenance and intensification of tropical cyclones is the transverse circulation, which transports mass and momentum and provides latent heat release via inner core convective updrafts. This study examines these updrafts indirectly, using satellite-borne observations of the scattering of upwelling microwave radiation by precipitation sized ice and satellite-borne observations of lightning. The observations are then compared to tropical cyclone intensity and the resulting relationships are assessed. The size of ice particles is tied to updraft strength, in that stronger updrafts produce more supercooled liquid water, leading to larger graupel through riming. Large graupel and a high supercooled liquid water content are necessary ingredients for charge separation, leading to lightning. Various parameters derived from the inner core ice scattering signature are computed for regions encircling hurricanes and typhoons, and observations of lightning activity or inactivity are analyzed. As expected, increasing ice scattering signature is found to correspond to increasing tropical cyclone intensity. However, the highest correlations do not involve indicators of convective intensity, as they were expected to. Instead, the highest correlations with tropical cyclone intensity result from the ice scattering signature parameters most closely associated with the areal extent of at least moderate precipitation rates. Correlations tend to be of the same sign for both present cyclone intensity at the time of the satellite overpass and subsequent intensity change. Correlations are higher for future cyclone intensity than for either of these. These correlations are much higher for the Atlantic and the Eastern North Pacific than for the Western North Pacific. It is hypothesized that processes involved with the most intense or rapidly intensifying tropical cyclones (more commonly found in the Western North Pacific) are responsible for these differences. The lightning observations are more limited than the microwave observations, because the short amount of time in which lightning can be detected may not adequately represent a particular storms electrical activity. These observations reveal no clear relationships between electrical activity and tropical cyclone intensity. In the examination of case studies, the paradoxical situation of much greater lightning activity in rainbands than in eyewalls is noted.

Cecil, Daniel Joseph

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Failure analysis of rutile sleeves in MC3080 lightning arrestor connectors.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this SAND Report is to document efforts in the extraction and failure analyses of sleeve-style Lightning Arrestor Connectors (LACs). Several MC3080 and MC3079 LACs were recovered from the field and tested as part of the Enhanced Surveillance Campaign. A portion of these LACs failed retesting. Terry Ernest (01733), the LAC Component Engineer, provided eleven MC3080 LACs for evaluation where four of the LACs failed IR/DCW and one failed FRB requirements. The extraction of rutile sleeves from failed LACs was required to determine the source of failure. Rutile sleeves associated with connector function failures were examined for cracks, debris as well as any other anomalies which could have caused the LAC to not function properly. Sleeves that failed FRB or that experienced high FRB exhibited high symmetry, smooth surface, long-flow amicon, and slightly over-sized inside diameter. LACs that failed DCW or IR requirements had rutile sleeves that exhibited breakdown tracks.

Kilgo, Alice C.; Monroe, Saundra L.; Watson, Chad Samuel; Ernest, Terry L.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Subionospheric VLF imaging of lightning-induced electron precipitation from the magnetosphere  

SciTech Connect

High-resoluton measurements of subionospheric VLF signals at multiple sites are used as a new tool to assess the spatial distribution and occurrence of ionospheric disturbances associated with lightning-induced electron precipitation. Simultaneous observations in California, Saskatchewan, and Quebec of VLF signals from multiple sources allow the monitoring of event activity over a course grid covering the continental US. Association of the observed VLF signal perturbations with lightning is often made on the basis of time correlation with prominent radio atmospherics. Simultaneous observations of individual events on subionospheric paths that cross one another are used to locate the disturbed ionospheric region(s). Absence of perturbations on nearby paths permits assessment of the spatial exstent of the region with a varying degree of accuracy, depending on the distribution of signal paths. In one case distinctly different onset delays (with respect to causative discharges) consistent with predictions of whistler-particle scattering theory were found, and were interpreted as being due to two separate regions separated in L value by {approximately} 0.4 L being excited in individual events. Occurrence statistics over the course of October 1987 exhibit generally higher levels of activity at the lower-latitude end of the 2 {lt} L {lt} 4 range, although it is difficult to separately assess the role of the source ligntning distribution. Occurrence statistics of simultaneous events on crossing paths are consistent with the spatial extent of the disturbed ionospheric regions being less than a few hundred kilometers. The occurrence statistics also suggest that scattering from disturbances located at distances of {gt} 100 km off the great circle paths is not significant.

Inan, U.S.; Knifsend, F.A.; Oh, J. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Outdoor recreational use of the Salton Sea with reference to potential impacts of geothermal development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to describe the types, levels, and locations of outdoor recreation uses in the Salton Sea area, the number and principal activities of visitors, and to estimate the consequences upon outdoor recreation of geothermal development and other activities that might affect the Salton Sea. It is concluded that since the Salton Sea is considered legally to be a sump for agricultural, municipal, and presumably geothermal waste waters, recreational use of the Sea for fishing and boating (from present marinas) will undoubtedly continue to decline, unless there is a major policy change. Use of the shoreline for camping, the surrounding roads and lands for scenic viewing, ORV events, and retirement or recreation communities will not decline, and will probably increase, assuming control of hydrogen sulfide odors. Two ways in which the fishing and present boating facilities could be returned to a wholly usable steady state are discussed. One is by construction of a diked evaporation pond system at the south end of the Sea. This would allow a means of control over both water level and salinity. Another means, less costly but more difficult to effectively control, would be to budget geothermal plant use of, and disposal of wastes in, Salton Sea water. (JGB)

Twiss, R.; Sidener, J.; Bingham, G.; Burke, J.E.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Measured Energy Impact of Infiltration in an Outdoor Test Cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy consumption calculation of house envelopes assumes that conduction heat loss is independent on air infiltration heat loss, and that energy consumption is the sum of these losses. Anderlind [1985], Liu [1987], and Claridge et at. [1989] showed this method can overestimate energy consumption substantially under steady-state conditions. Bailly [1987] and Anderson [1987] reported much smaller house energy consumption when the air flow was organized by mechanical systems. However, none of these studies quantified energy loss reduction under a variety of outdoor weather conditions. The energy performance was investigated in an outdoor test cell with different leakage configurations and air flow rates under both infiltration and exfiltration. It was found that the energy consumption was not only dependent on air flow rate, temperature differences, and solar radiation, but also on the air flow direction and the air leakage configuration. Infiltration could lead to a much lower heating energy consumption than that of exfiltration, and exfiltration could lead to a much lower cooling energy consumption than that of infiltration. The air infiltration energy consumption of a leaky house could be 9 times as high as that of a tight house even when the air flow rate was the same for both houses.

Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Novell Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CIS Department CIS Department Novell Services If you don't see the answer to your question here, contact the help desk at 486-HELP or submit a Help Request. Novell Netware is the labs main method of providing file and print services for the PC and Macintosh platforms. Novell end user services are free and include a backed up home directory and access to all distributed printers at LBL. Request a Novell account Request a new Novell printer Request a Novell file restore (choose PC for platform and Backups/Restores for problem) Novell iPrint Accessing Novell File Services Download the LBL Netware client Novell Server Information Novell Departmental Administrative Contacts Novell FAQ: How do I login to the Novell network? 9x | NT4/2000/XP Do I have the Netware client installed? 9x | NT4/2000/XP

428

Influence of Transfer Efficiency of the Outdoor Pipe Network and Boiler Operating Efficiency on the Building Heat Consumption Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the influence of transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and operating efficiency of the boiler on the building heat consumption index, on the premise of saving up to 65 percent energy in different climates. The results show that transfer efficiency is not influenced by the climate, and the influence is in accordance with that in other climates. The article also presents data on the energy consumption caused by the improvement of the transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and the operating efficiency of the boiler, and the calculated formula for the building heat consumption index on the condition of saving 65 percent energy.

Fang, X.; Wang, Z.; Liu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Outdoor test for thermal performance evaluation of the Owens-Illinois Sunpak SEC-601 (air) solar collector  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The test procedures used and the test results obtained during the performance of an evaluation test program on the Owens-Illinois Sunpak, model SEC-601, air solar collector under natural outdoor weather conditions are presented. All testing activities were performed on a single module installed on the Marshall Space Flight Center Solar House. The test was performed and the data evaluated according to the methods provided in ASHRAE 93-77 (Method of Testing to Determine the Thermal Performance of Solar Collectors) as applicable to outdoor testing of solar collectors.

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Progress on building a predictive model of indoor concentrations of outdoor PM-2.5 in homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop a physically-based, semi-empirical model that describes the concentration of indoor concentration of PM-2.5 (particle mass that is less than 2.5 microns in diameter) and its sulfate, nitrate, organic and black carbon constituents, derived from outdoor sources. We have established the methodology and experimental plan for building the model. Experimental measurements in residential style houses, in Richmond and Fresno, California, are being conducted to provide parameters for and evaluation of this model. The model will be used to improve estimates of human exposures to PM-2.5 of outdoor origin. The objectives of this study are to perform measurement and modeling tasks that produce a tested, semi-mechanistic description of chemical species-specific and residential PM-2.5 arising from the combination of outdoor PM and gas phase sources (HNO{sub 3} and NH{sub 3}), and indoor gas phase (e.g. NH{sub 3}) sources. We specifically address how indoor PM is affected by differences between indoor and outdoor temperature and relative humidity. In addition, we are interested in losses of particles within the building and as they migrate through the building shell. The resulting model will be general enough to predict probability distributions for species-specific indoor concentrations of PM-2.5 based on outdoor PM, and gas phase species concentrations, meteorological conditions, building construction characteristics, and HVAC operating conditions. Controlled intensive experiments were conducted at a suburban research house located in Clovis, California. The experiments utilized a large suite of instruments including conventional aerosol, meteorological and house characterization devices. In addition, two new instruments were developed providing high time resolution for the important particulate species of nitrate, sulfate, and carbon as well as important gaseous species including ammonia and nitric acid. Important initial observations include the result that, with rare exceptions, there is virtually no nitrate found inside the house. This nitrate appears to dissociate into ammonia and nitric acid with the nitric acid quickly depositing out. Initial model development has included work on characterizing penetration and deposition rates, the dynamic behavior of the indoor/outdoor ratio, and predicting infiltration rates. Results from the exploration of the indoor/outdoor ratio show that the traditional assumption of steady state conditions does not hold in general. Many values of the indoor/outdoor ratio exist for any single value of the infiltration rate. Successful prediction of the infiltration rate from measured driving variables is important for extending the results from the Clovis house to the larger housing stock.

Lunden, Melissa M.; Thatcher, Tracy L.; Littlejohn, David; Fischer, Marc L.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Brown, Nancy J.; Hering, Susanne

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Lightning protection requirements of SF/sub 6/ substation determined by hybrid simulator. [115/345 kv station  

SciTech Connect

The development of a hybrid computer simulation which can provide the type and quantity of data necessary for determining the behavior of lightning-caused surges traveling through substations is discussed. Results from a specific application on a 115-kV/345-kV station are presented. The results show that the simulation of SF/sub 6/ substations during lightning-caused surges is ideally accomplished by hybrid computer. The quantity of data for complete substation analysis may be gathered efficiently. In addition, digital graphical summaries provide quick insight into substation behavior. The application of this method to simple configurations has shown the previous assumptions must be carefully reviewed. For example, it is shown by computer simulation and analytical hand calculation that the surges with the steepest wave fronts may not produce the highest substation voltages. It is concluded that this hybrid simulation is an excellent tool in the determination of SF/sub 6/ substation response to lightning-caused surges. (LCL)

Tranen, J.D. (New England Electric System, Westborough, MA); Hedin, R.A.; Minnick, J.J.; Priest, K.W.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Development of a formula to determine outdoor residential water consumption in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports the findings of a telephone survey, public tax records, and water bills of 233 randomly selected single family detached residences, built between 1992 and 1994 in College Station, Texas. Weather information consisting of average daily temperature, daily precipitation, and daily evaporation was also necessary for analysis of gallons of water used. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a marketing tool that builders could use to determine the water saving features for a particular area to increase sales and lead to possible mortgage reductions, and (2) help cities and developers size water lines appropriately for projected water needs. The COMBEAS computer program and various statistical tests were used to report to findings of the study. No known study has been produced that has analyzed water usage using the COMBEAS regression program and analyzed all of the variables contained in this study. Using the COMBEAS program, comparing gallons to temperature, a base load was determined that remains constant throughout the year. Any watering above this base load was attributed to temperature related (outdoor) watering. Twenty three variables, arrived at by prior research and related to water usage were then tested for significance against the amount of water attributable to outdoor watering. Of these variables, 11 were found to be significant using forward stepwise regression. Multi-colinearity tests were then conducted using the Peal-son Product Moment correlation. After eliminating all but one of those variables in each group that were highly related, 6 variables remained, including non-baseload rainfall and evaporation, yard area, existence of a sprinkler system and/or pool, and the predominant variety of grass. Using these six variables as independent variables, and the temperature dependent watering as the dependent variable, the group was then tested using best subset regression. From these results, those variables making up the highest R2 combination with p-values of less than .05 were then analyzed using multiple linear regression, producing a formula that would most accurately predict outdoor water usage for College Station, Texas and areas with similar climates and populations.

Winkelblech, Audrey Kristen

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts for Users Contacts for Users User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m.

434

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Contact Home Contact User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m.

435

Measuring the Optical Performance of Evacuated Receivers via an Outdoor Thermal Transient Test: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Modern parabolic trough solar collectors operated at high temperatures to provide the heat input to Rankine steam power cycles employ evacuated receiver tubes along the collector focal line. High performance is achieved via the use of a selective surface with a high absorptance for incoming short-wave solar radiation and a low emittance for outgoing long-wave infrared radiation, as well as the use of a hard vacuum to essentially eliminate convective and conductive heat losses. This paper describes a new method that determines receiver overall optical efficiency by exposing a fluid-filled, pre-cooled receiver to one sun outdoors and measuring the slope of the temperature curve at the point where the receiver temperature passes the glass envelope temperature (that is, the point at which there is no heat gain or loss from the absorber). This transient test method offers the potential advantages of simplicity, high accuracy, and the use of the actual solar spectrum.

Kutscher, C.; Burkholder, F.; Netter, J.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Capabilities of the High Voltage Stress Test System at the Outdoor Test Facility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We illustrate the capabilities of the High Voltage Stress Test (HVST) which operates continuously in the array field east of the Outdoor Test Facility at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Because we know that photovoltaic (PV) modules generating electrical power in both residential and utility-scale array installations will develop high-voltage biases approaching 600 VDC and 1,000 VDC, respectively, we expect such high voltages will result in current leakage between cells and ground, typically through the frames or mounts. We know that inevitably such leakage currents are capable of producing electrochemical corrosion that adversely impacts long-term module performance. With the HVST, we stress or operate PV modules under high-voltage bias, to characterize their leakage currents under all prevailing ambient conditions and assess performance changes emanating from high-voltage stress. We perform this test both on single modules and an active array.

del Cueto, J. A.; Trudell, D.; Sekulic, W.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

438

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

439

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

440

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Print Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Print Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

442

User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Services Print User Services Print The User Services Group is available to aid ALS users before they arrive, while they are here, and after they leave. User Office Experiment Coordination Section Sue Bailey This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it User Services Group Leader Prospective users Proprietary users Tel: 510-486-7727 ALS User Office The User Office is located on the mezzanine of Building 6 (the ALS), Room 2212. Contact Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 510-486-7745 Fax: 510-486-4773 Address: Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab, MS 6-2100, Berkeley, CA 94720 Hours User Office: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and 1.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. New user registration: Monday-Friday 8.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m. and

443

Contextual analysis of human non-verbal guide behaviors to inform the development of FROG, the fun robotic outdoor guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the first step in a series of studies to design the interaction behaviors of an outdoor robotic guide. We describe and report the use case development carried out to identify effective human tour guide behaviors. In this paper we focus ... Keywords: contextual analysis, human tour guide behavior, non-verbal robot behavior

Daphne E. Karreman; Elisabeth M. A. G. van Dijk; Vanessa Evers

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Field Results from Application of the Outdoor-Air/Economizer Diagnostician for Commissioning and O&M  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents results of field testing an automated diagnostician for outdoor-air-supply and economizer systems that can be used for commissioning purposes. The fundamental capabilities of the tool are described and key results of its application on six air handlers in a large hotel building are discussed. Ancillary issues pertinent to the development and application of such tools are also presented.

Pratt, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Blanc, Steven L.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

445

An outdoor time scenes simulation scheme based on support vector regression with radial basis function on DCT domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel strategy for forecasting outdoor scenes is introduced. This new approach combines the support vector regression in neural network computation and the discrete cosine transform (DCT). In 1995, Vapnik introduced a neural-network ... Keywords: Discrete cosine transform, Neural network, Radial basis function (RBF), Scene, Support vector regression

Chen-Chung Liu; Kai-Wen Chuang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The effect of hardware configuration on the performance of residential air conditioning systems at high outdoor ambient temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study was performed which investigated the effect of hardware configuration on air conditioning cooling system performance at high outdoor temperatures. The initial phase of the investigation involved the testing of ten residential air conditioning units in psychrometric rooms at Texas A&M University. All units were tested using ARI Standard 210/240 (1989) test procedures. Tests were conducted at indoor conditions of 80'F (26.7'C) db and 67'F (19.4'C) wb, and outdoor db temperatures of 82'F (27.8'C), 95-F (35-C), 100-F (37.8-C), 105-F (40.6-C), 1 10-F (43.3-C), and 120-F (48.90C). The second phase of the research involved the analysis of manufacturers' published cooling performance data for various hardware configurations. For the experimental work, measurements were taken to determine total capacity, system power, EER, and power factor. These results were then compared to manufacturers' predicted values. For the capacity, the experimental results were an average of 2.6% below the manufacturers' published values for outdoor temperatures from 85'F (29.4'C) to 115'F (46.l'C). Experimental power measurements were on average 0.4% above manufacturers' listed results. For the EER, experimental results were an average of 2.9% less than the manufacturers' predicted values. The power factors of all units were above 0.95 for the tested outdoor temperatures. In the analysis of manufacturers' published data, relationships between steady-state performance, cyclic performance, and hardware configuration were investigated for a variety of air conditioning units. A statistical relationship was found between the SEER of a unit and its corresponding EER. The split-system units possessed greater increases in EER for a given increase in SEER than the package or two-speed units. Averages values of EER/SEER for EER's at 95F (350C) were highest for the split-system units, followed by the package and two-speed units, respectively. Normalized capacity, power, and EER curves were investigated at outdoor temperatures from 85F (29.40C) to 115OF (46.1"C). On average, the two-speed units showed the smallest decrease in capacity with an increase in outdoor temperature, followed by the split-system and package-system units. The smallest power increase and smallest EER decrease with an increase in outdoor temperature were exhibited by the split-system units, followed by the two-speed and package-system units.

Bain, Joel Alan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Optical dynamic circuit services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IP service, leased-line service and POTS service have been the three long-standing communication service offerings of providers. Recently, both commercial and research-andeducation network providers have started offering optical dynamic circuit services. ...

Malathi Veeraraghavan; Mark Karol; George Clapp

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

SERVICES Purpose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Management Memo calls on all state agencies operating state motor vehicles to make every effort to “Flex Your Power at the Pump, ” and lower fuel costs for the State of California through vigorous compliance with the preventative maintenance standards identified in this management memo and in the Automobile Record, Standard (STD.) 271. Background Public Resources Code 25722 mandates the state reduce petroleum consumption of its vehicle fleet to the maximum extent practicable including improved preventative maintenance. State Administrative Manual Section (SAM) 4101 establishes the need to comply with minimum preventative maintenance standards listed in the Automobile Maintenance Record, STD. 271. This includes prescribed services and mechanical inspections that promote state vehicle efficiency and achieve optimum fuel mileage. SAM Section 3687.1 prohibits the purchase of premium grade gasoline for state vehicles. And, directs state drivers to make fuel purchases at lower priced self-service pumps whenever possible.

Manual Sections

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

What's in a Service?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proper understanding of the general nature, potential and obligations of electronic services may be achieved by examining existing commercial services in detail. The everyday services that surround us, and the ways in which we engage with them, are ... Keywords: electronic services, service description, service properties, service substitution

Justin O'Sullivan; David Edmond; Arthur Ter Hofstede

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Services Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description Related Links List of Companies in Services Sector Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleServices&oldid...

451

Service Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASSIGNMENTS ASSIGNMENTS Pamela Arias-Ortega - Administrative and judicial litigation; and personnel law and workforce discipline mailto:parias-ortega@doeal.gov Celina Baca - Research and special projects for litigation and general law group mailto:cbaca@doeal.gov Dick Blakely - Designated Agency Ethics Advisor - Administrative litigation and mediation services; and ethics mailto:rblakely@doeal.gov Jonathan Buckner - Administrative review hearings; and administrative hearings before EEOC and MSPB mailto:jbuckner@doeal.gov Sean Counce - Administrative review hearings; and administrative hearings before EEOC and MSPB mailto:scounce@doeal.gov Diana Cruz - Copyright program; intellectual property databases; support for IP issues; and time and attendance mailto:dcruz@doeal.gov

452

Geology and geothermal waters of Lightning Dock region, Animas Valley and Pyramid Mountains, Hidalgo County, New Mexico  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This circular covers the geology of the Pyramid Peak, Swallow Fork Peak, Table Top Mountain, and South Pyramid Peak 7-1/2-min quadrangles, which include the Lightning Dock KGRA. Hot wells (70 to 115.5/sup 0/C) seem to be structurally controlled by intersections of the ring-fracture zone of an Oligocene ash-flow tuff cauldron (Muir cauldron), a Miocene-to-Holocene north-trending basin-and-range fault (Animas Valley fault), and a northeast-trending lineament that appears to control anomalously heated underground waters and Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt cones in the San Bernardino, San Simon, and Animas Valleys. The Muir cauldron, approximately 20 km in diameter, collapsed in two stages, each associated with the eruption of a rhyolite ash-flow-tuff sheet and of ring-fracture domes. Most of the hydrothermal alteration of the Lightning Dock KGRA is related to the first stage of eruption and collapse, not to the modern geothermal system. Contrary to previous reports, no silicic volcanic rocks younger than basin-and-range faulting are known; unconformities beneath rhyolite ring-fracture domes are caused by Oligocene caldera collapse, not by basin-and-range faulting. The Animas Valley is the site of widespread post-20 My travertine deposits and near-surface veins of calcite, fluorite, and/or psilomelane, controlled by north- or northwest-trending basin-and-range faults. The fluoride-bearing waters of the Lightning Dock KGRA may be a late stage of this hydrothermal activity. Distribution of Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt suggests that deep-seated basalt near the solids may be the ultimate heat source.

Elston, W.E.; Deal, E.G.; Logsdon, M.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Evaluation of surface sampling method performance for Bacillus Spores on clean and dirty outdoor surfaces.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recovery of Bacillus atrophaeous spores from grime-treated and clean surfaces was measured in a controlled chamber study to assess sampling method performance. Outdoor surfaces investigated by wipe and vacuum sampling methods included stainless steel, glass, marble and concrete. Bacillus atrophaeous spores were used as a surrogate for Bacillus anthracis spores in this study designed to assess whether grime-coated surfaces significantly affected surface sampling method performance when compared to clean surfaces. A series of chamber tests were carried out in which known amounts of spores were allowed to gravitationally settle onto both clean and dirty surfaces. Reference coupons were co-located with test coupons in all chamber experiments to provide a quantitative measure of initial surface concentrations of spores on all surfaces, thereby allowing sampling recovery calculations. Results from these tests, carried out under both low and high humidity conditions, show that spore recovery from grime-coated surfaces is the same as or better than spore recovery from clean surfaces. Statistically significant differences between method performance for grime-coated and clean surfaces were observed in only about half of the chamber tests conducted.

Wilson, Mollye C.; Einfeld, Wayne; Boucher, Raymond M.; Brown, Gary Stephen; Tezak, Matthew Stephen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Laboratory Testing of the Heating Capacity of Air-Source Heat Pumps at Low Outdoor Temperature Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air-source heat pump systems offer an alternative to the common heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) configuration of single split unitary air conditioners with gas heating. In simple terms, heat pumps are traditional air conditioning units with the added capability of running in reverse as required by the building load. Thus, where the traditional air conditioning unit has an indoor evaporator to remove heat from the space and an outdoor condenser to reject heat to the ambient environment, ...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

SF6 dielectric behavior in a high voltage circuit breaker at low temperature under lightning impulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work concerns the study of the dielectric and thermodynamic behavior of SF{sub 6} in a 145 kV circuit breaker subjected to lightning impulse voltages in both polarities at temperatures varying from ambient (20 C) to {minus}45 C. The filling of the circuit breaker with SF{sub 6} is carried out at the reference point: T = 15 C, P = 6 bars abs. and d = 39.6 kg/m{sup 3}. Devices allowing to detect the appearance of local condensation of SF{sub 6} and to identify the breakdown between the circuit-breaker contacts and the flashover outside the circuit-breaker, are presented. The experimental results show a general tendency to a decrease in the U{sub 50%} voltage when the temperature is decreased at constant density (a decrease by about 5% when the temperature was decreased from +20 C to {minus}25 C). Such a variation would not have a significant influence in industrial practice. Even if this variation is very weak, it also appears from the obtained results that the gas density is not the only parameter which has an influence on the electric strength of the gas. However, to compare results at different temperatures, it would be better to make it at constant density and not at constant pressure, to avoid the dependency of the ratio (E/N) on N (where E is the electric strength and N the density). On the other hand, it seems that the presence of the liquid in the circuit breaker is not a penalizing parameter. The distribution of the electric field corresponding to the geometrical configuration of the studied circuit-breaker is also presented.

Buret, F.; Beroual, A. [Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Ecully (France)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NIST Measurement Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standard Reference Materials • Laboratory accreditation services (NVLAP) ? DIY – You can do it; we can help. ? Services for legal metrology labs ...

2013-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

457

Biometric Web Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Biometric Web Services. ... This page last updated Thursday, November 14, 2013. Join the Biometric Web Services Mailing List. ...

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

458

On-Site Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the Boulder Laboratories Employees Association ... a variety of health services including emergency ... emergency ambulance service; administration of ...

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

459

Services | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Services Diversity and Inclusion Supporting Small Businesses Minority Economic Impact Partnering with Minority Serving Institutions Protecting Civil Rights Integrating...

460

Lightning from Two National Detection Networks Related to Vertically Integrated Liquid and Echo-Top Information from WSR-88D Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two national cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning-detection systems were operating across the contiguous United States during 1993. These two networks are compared to each other and to WSR-88D radar information collected by the Twin Lakes, Oklahoma, ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ronald L. Holle; RaúL. E. López

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outdoor lightning service" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Life Cycle of Lightning and Severe Weather in a 3–4 June 1985 PRE-STORM Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning flash characteristics of a series of four mesoscale convective systems (MCS) that occurred in Oklahoma and Kansas on 3–4 June 1985 during the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central project are ...

Ronald L. Holle; Andrew I. Watson; Raúl E. López; Donald R. Macgorman; Robert Ortiz; William D. Otto

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Influences of the Local Environment on Supercell Cloud-to-Ground Lightning, Radar Characteristics, and Severe Weather on 2 June 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar, cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning characteristics, and storm reports were documented for 20 long-lived supercell thunderstorms that occurred during a 6-h period in the west Texas Panhandle on 2–3 June 1995. These thunderstorms occurred in ...

Matthew S. Gilmore; Louis J. Wicker

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Almena, Kansas, Tornadic Storm of 3 June 1999: A Long-Lived Supercell with Very Little Cloud-to-Ground Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The visual, radar, and lightning characteristics of a severe thunderstorm that spawned a large F3 tornado near Almena, Kansas, on 3 June 1999 are documented. The storm is interesting in that it made a transition from a low-precipitation to ...

Eugene W. McCaul Jr.; Dennis E. Buechler; Stephen Hodanish; Steven J. Goodman

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The Implementation of an Explicit Charging and Discharge Lightning Scheme within the WRF-ARW Model: Benchmark Simulations of a Continental Squall Line, a Tropical Cyclone, and a Winter Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes the recent implementation of explicit lightning physics within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model. Charging of hydrometeors consists of five distinct noninductive parameterizations, polarization of cloud water, ...

Alexandre O. Fierro; Edward R. Mansell; Donald R. MacGorman; Conrad L. Ziegler

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Identification of Aviation Weather Hazards Based on the Integration of Radar and Lightning Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service Eastern Region is carrying out a national risk-reduction exercise at the Baltimore-Washington Forecast Office in Sterling, Virginia. The primary objective of this project is to integrate information from remote sensor ...

Andrew D. Stern; Raymond H. Brady III; Patrick D. Moore; Gary M. Carter

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The NREL Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System and Photovoltaic Module Exposure Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the Outdoor Accelerated-weathering Tracking System (OATS) and interim results for the first OATS study on photovoltaic (PV) modules. With two test planes measuring 1.52 x 1.83 m, OATS provides a unique solar-concentrating exposure capability. Test sample temperatures are moderated by air blowers. Water spray capability exists for wetting samples. The OATS two-axis tracker points to the sun using software calculations. Non-imaging aluminum reflectors give a nominal clear-sky optical concentration ratio of three. Field-qualification measurements in the test plane under reflector conditions showed its relative irradiance non-uniformity was '' 15% for a clear-sky summer day with '' 75 mm as the smallest distance for that non-uniformity. Exposure studies began in November 1997 on seven pairs of commercially available ribbon silicon, crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon PV modules kept at constant resistive load. The modules were periodically removed from OATS for visual inspection and solar simulator performance measurements. There were no module failures. This PV module study is ongoing and later results will be compared to other testing techniques. Through July 1998, the modules under reflector conditions received 392 MJ/m2 of total ultraviolet (TUV) exposure. That was 2.07 times the TUV exposure compared to a south-facing fixed array tilted 40{sup o} up from horizontal at NREL. Similarly, the modules in the test plane under the covered reflectors received 1.04 times the fixed array TUV exposure. For the test plane under the covered reflectors there was a loss of 13% TUV exposure attributed to the reflectors blocking some of the diffuse-sky UV light. Also through July 1998, the OATS sunlight availability measured 95% compared to the cumulative global normal exposure at the NREL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL). The OATS sunlight availability losses included downtime when the PV modules were removed, and when there were OAT S tracking problems, maintenance, and repair. For December 1997 through July 1998, the SRRL cumulative exposure was 99% compared to the respective monthly averages from years 1961 through 1990 at Boulder, Colorado.

Basso, T. S.

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Career Services Pricing Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Job/Resume Posting and Prices Career Services Pricing Information Career Services Career Services chemistry jobs classifieds employment fats global help wanted job Jobs member membership network oils science jobs ...

468

Results of First Outdoor Comparison Between Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer (ACP) and Infrared Integrating Sphere (IRIS) Radiometer at PMOD (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ACP and IRIS are developed to establish a world reference for calibrating pyrgeometers with traceability to SI units. The two radiometers are unwindowed with negligible spectral dependence, and traceable to SI units through the temperature scale (ITS-90). The first outdoor comparison between the two designs was held from January 28 to February 8, 2013 at the Physikalisch-Metorologisches Observatorium Davos (PMOD). The difference between the irradiance measured by ACP and that of IRIS was within 1 W/m2. A difference of 5 W/m2 was observed between the irradiance measured by ACP&IRIS and that of the interim World Infrared Standard Group (WISG).

Reda, I.; Grobner, J.; Wacker, S.; Stoffel, T.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer to Measure the Absolute Outdoor Longwave Irradiance with Traceability to International System of Units, SI  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP), U.S. Patent application no. 13/049, 275. The ACP consists of domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold-plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acquisition. The dome was removed from the pyrgeometer to remove errors associated with dome transmittance and the dome correction factor. To avoid thermal convection and wind effect errors resulting from using a domeless thermopile, the gold-plated concentrator was placed above the thermopile. The concentrator is a dual compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) with 180{sup o} view angle to measure the outdoor incoming longwave irradiance from the atmosphere. The incoming irradiance is reflected from the specular gold surface of the CPC and concentrated on the 11 mm diameter of the pyrgeometer's blackened thermopile. The CPC's interior surface design and the resulting cavitation result in a throughput value that was characterized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ACP was installed horizontally outdoor on an aluminum plate connected to the temperature controller to control the pyrgeometer's case temperature. The responsivity of the pyrgeometer's thermopile detector was determined by lowering the case temperature and calculating the rate of change of the thermopile output voltage versus the changing net irradiance. The responsivity is then used to calculate the absolute atmospheric longwave irradiance with an uncertainty estimate (U{sub 95}) of {+-}3.96 W m{sup 02} with traceability to the International System of Units, SI. The measured irradiance was compared with the irradiance measured by two pyrgeometers calibrated by the World Radiation Center with traceability to the Interim World Infrared Standard Group, WISG. A total of 408 readings were collected over three different nights. The calculated irradiance measured by the ACP was 1.5 W/m{sup 2} lower than that measured by the two pyrgeometers that are traceable to WISG, with a standard deviation of {+-}0.7 W m{sup -2}. These results suggest that the ACP design might be used for addressing the need to improve the international reference for broadband outdoor longwave irradiance measurements.

Reda, I.; Zeng, J.; Scheuch, J.; Hanssen, L.; Wilthan, B.; Myers, D.; Stoffel, T.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A flexible service selection for executing virtual services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the adoption of a service-oriented paradigm on the Web, many software services are likely to fulfil similar functional needs for end-users. We propose to aggregate functionally equivalent software services within one single virtual service, that ... Keywords: marketplace, service aggregation, service discovery, service selection, service selector, virtual service

Nassim Laga; Emmanuel Bertin; Noel Crespi; Ivan Bedini; Benjamin Molina; Zhenzhen Zhao

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

NIST Internet Time Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... All services available. ntp-nist.ldsbc.edu, 198.60.73.8, LDSBC, Salt Lake City, Utah, All services available. nist1-lv.ustiming ...

472

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Loveland Area Project Firm Power Rates Transmission and Ancillary Services Rates 2012 Rate Adjustment-Transmission and Ancillary Services 2010 Rate Adjustment-Firm Power 2009...

473

ORISE: Health physics services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

474

Topic: Service Life Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topic: Service Life Prediction. Event. 24th NIST Computer Modeling Workshop. ... Service Life Prediction of Polymeric Materials: Vision for the Future. ...

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

475

ORNL Health Services Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Page ORNL Home | ESH&Q Home | Health Services Internal A division in the Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality Directorate The Health Services Division at Oak Ridge...

476

Conference on Standards Needs for Service Life Prediction of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Term Thermal Aging (LTTA): Tool Development - Tom ... & Application to Outdoor Weathering Yili Hong ... 45 Failure Analysis Tools - Maureen Reitman ...

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

477

Outdoor Testing of GaInP2/GaAs Tandem Cells with Top Cell Thickness Varied  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this study, we measure the performance of GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells under direct beam sunlight outdoors in order to quantify their sensitivity to both spectral variation and GaInP2 top-cell thickness. A set of cells with five different top-cell thicknesses was mounted on a two-axis tracker with the incident sunlight collimated to exclude all except the direct beam. Current-voltage (I-V) curves were taken throughout the course of several days, along with measurements of the direct solar spectrum. Our two major conclusions are: (1) GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells designed for either the ASTM G-173 direct (G-173D) spectrum or the "air mass 1.5 global" (AM1.5G) spectrum perform the best, and (2) cells can be characterized indoors and modeled using outdoor spectra with the same result. These results are equally valid for GaInP2/GaAs/Ge triple-junction cells.

McMahon, W. E.; Emergy, K. E.; Friedman, D. J.; Ottoson, L.; Young, M. S.; Ward, J. S.; Kramer, C. M.; Duda, A.; Kurtz, S.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Service Life Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prediction of Service Life of Reinforced Concrete Structure Exposed to Chlorides. Please supply the following parameters ...

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

479

Making Web services tradable  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In service-oriented architectures, applications are developed by incorporating services which are often provided by different organizations. Since a service might be offered under different configurations by various different organizations, sophisticated ... Keywords: Automated negotiations, Preferences for functional/non-functional properties, Web service policies

Sudhir Agarwal; Steffen Lamparter; Rudi Studer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Service Water Piping Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the years 1988 and 1989, EPRI organized the Service Water Working Group (SWWG) to identify and help resolve the many issues surrounding service water (SW) systems in nuclear power plants. One issue identified by the SWWG was corrosion in service water piping systems. Interest in this issue resulted in the development of several technical reports: Guidelines for the Repair/Replacement Welding of Nuclear Service Water Systems, TR-100386; Guide for the Examination of Service Water System Piping, TR-10206...

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An Evaluation of the HVAC Load Potential for Providing Load Balancing Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the potential of providing aggregated intra-hour load balancing services using heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. A direct-load control algorithm is presented. A temperature-priority-list method is used to dispatch the HVAC loads optimally to maintain consumer-desired indoor temperatures and load diversity. Realistic intra-hour load balancing signals were used to evaluate the operational characteristics of the HVAC load under different outdoor temperature profiles and different indoor temperature settings. The number of HVAC units needed is also investigated. Modeling results suggest that the number of HVACs needed to provide a {+-}1-MW load balancing service 24 hours a day varies significantly with baseline settings, high and low temperature settings, and the outdoor temperatures. The results demonstrate that the intra-hour load balancing service provided by HVAC loads meet the performance requirements and can become a major source of revenue for load-serving entities where the smart grid infrastructure enables direct load control over the HAVC loads.

Lu, Ning

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

483

HYDRONIC BASEBOARD THERMAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WITH OUTDOOR RESET CONTROL TO ENABLE THE USE OF A CONDENSING BOILER.  

SciTech Connect

Use of condensing boilers in residential heating systems offers the potential for significant improvements in efficiency. For these to operate in a condensing mode the return water temperature needs to be about 10 degrees below the saturation temperature for the flue gas water vapor. This saturation temperature depends on fuel type and excess air and ranges from about 110 F to 135 F. Conventional baseboard hydronic distribution systems are most common and these are designed for water temperatures in the 180 F range, well above the saturation temperature. Operating strategies which may allow these systems to operate in a condensing mode have been considered in the past. In this study an approach to achieving this for a significant part of the heating season has been tested in an instrumented home. The approach involves use of an outdoor reset control which reduces the temperature of the water circulating in the hydronic loop when the outdoor temperature is higher than the design point for the region. Results showed that this strategy allows the boiler to operate in the condensing region for 80% of the winter heating season with oil, 90% with propane, and 95% with gas, based on cumulative degree days. The heating system as tested combines space heating and domestic hot water loads using an indirect, 40 gallon tank with an internal heat exchanger. Tests conducted during the summer months showed that the return water temperature from the domestic hot water tank heat exchanger is always below a temperature which will provide condensing operation of the boiler. In the field tests both the condensing boiler and the conventional, non-condensing boiler were in the test home and each was operated periodically to provide a direct performance comparison.

BUTCHER,T.A.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

DOE Grids Service Transition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Grids Service Transition DOE Grids Service Transition Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net DOE Grids Service Transition Background ESnet has decided to transition support and management for the certificate services provided by the DOE Grids public key infrastructure (PKI) to the Open Sciences Grid (OSG). OSG and ESnet provide service to many of the same user communities, and have long been collaborators in the areas of identity

485

Processing Distinguished Service Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Award honoring outstanding, meritorious service to the oilseed processing industry. Processing Distinguished Service Award Processing agricultural algae algal analytical aocs articles biomass biotechnology By-product Utilization courses detergents divisi

486

Web services @ MIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are several useful web services developed at MIT by students, faculty and researchers. However, they are scattered all over MIT. Most people at MIT are unaware of the availability of these web services and hence they ...

Tyagi, Sapna DevendraSingh, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Grammatical framework web service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a web service for natural language parsing, prediction, generation, and translation using grammars in Portable Grammar Format (PGF), the target format of the Grammatical Framework (GF) grammar compiler. The web service implementation is open ...

Björn Bringert; Krasimir Angelov; Aarne Ranta

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Towards Service Description Logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic service description and matchmaking are needed in embedded and disappearing computing, cooperative multiagent systems, and the semantic web. Standard program semantics formalizations are not suited to modeling service semantics, because they ... Keywords: description logics, semantic web

Piero A. Bonatti

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

ORNL DAAC User Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Services Ready to Answer Your Questions The ORNL DAAC's User Services Office is the first point of contact for answering your questions concerning data and information held by...

490

MSID Products, Tools, & Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SID Products, Tools, & Services. XML Testbed - collection of XML-Related Tools; Express Engine - STEP (ISO 10303) development ...

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

491

Legend Technical Services, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Legend Technical Services, Inc. NVLAP Lab Code: 102081-0. Address and Contact Information: 88 Empire Drive St. Paul ...

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Accountability as a service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose that accountability be a first-class network service, independent of addressing and routing. We design a scheme for allowing accountability services, rather than connectivity-providing ISPs, to vouch for traffic, allowing victims to report abuse, filter abusive traffic, and isolate malicious senders. We discuss how accountability services may evolve, how they may facilitate new applications, and the implications of shifting the burden of network policing to a dedicated service. 1

Adam Bender; Neil Spring; Dave Levin; Bobby Bhattacharjee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

NSIT Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Special Publication 250-59 NIST Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS), Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS), ...

2012-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

494

Outstanding Service Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Outstanding Service Award is awarded in even-numbered years to recognize a career of outstanding service to ACM SIGGRAPH by a volunteer. It recognizes an individual who has given extraordinary service to ACM SIGGRAPH, both in the trenches and in ...

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Broadband and universal service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Section 254(b)(3) of the 1996 Telecommunications Act established the objective that residents of rural areas should have access to advanced telecommunications and information services comparable to services in urban areas. Pursuant to the passage of ... Keywords: Broadband policy, Empirical analysis, Rural, Telecommunications policy, Universal service

David Gabel

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Services | Central Fabrication Services | Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services & Capabilities Services & Capabilities The Central Fabrication Services Division's capabilities range from an Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) capability, to a state of the art cleaning facility, to a large fabricating facility which includes CNC Machining, Automatic Tube Welding, CNC Punch Press capability, and 3-D printing. CNC Auto Feed Saw High Bay Area 3-D Printer Main Shop, Building 479 Maintenance Sheet Metal Area Water Jet Machine X-ray Generating Tube CR X-ray Processor with High Resolution Monitor Low Bay Area in Machine Shop Wire EDM Machine Wire EDM Machine Oil Recycling Facility, Building 495 UHV Cleaning Facility, Building 498 Material Storage and Stock Central Fabrication Services is proud of it's highly proficient technical staff all of which are available, at no cost to the customer, for

497

NSLS Services | Repair & Equipment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Repair & Equipment Services Repair & Equipment Services Cleaning Facility (BNL Central Shops) Solvent cleaning of vacuum parts and leak checking service is also available. Work is billed to each user via a BNL ILR. Contact the NSLS Building Manager to arrange for any of these services. Electronics Repair Limited repairs for electronic equipment are available from an outside contractor through the Control Room. Contact Control Room Supervisor Randy Church (x2550 or x2736, pager 5310). Shipping memos are filled out on the web, and pick ups are on Fridays. Come to the Control Room for assistance. The user should call the contractor on the day before scheduled pickups to alert the contractor of the pickup. Items to be repaired should be left in the Control Room with the completed shipping memo. Costs are charged to the

498

Internal Audit Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal Audit Services Internal Audit Services Berkeley Lab Internal Audit Services Internal Audit Services Berkeley Lab Contacts Organizational Chart IAS Search Staff Only Lab Search Phone Book A-Z Index Privacy and Security Notice "Internal Auditing is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve an organization's operations. It helps an organization accomplish its objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance processes." The Institute of Internal Auditors Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing About IAS | Audit Committee | Audit Planning | Ethics & Investigations | External Audit Coordination Advisory Services | Other Relevant Audit Links | Contacts | Organizational