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1

Outage Probability Analysis for Asynchronous Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the secondary network co-exist. Solid lines and dashed lines represent the data transmissionOutage Probability Analysis for Asynchronous Cognitive Radio Networks Chulhee Jang and Jae Hong Lee network in a spectrum sharing asynchronous cognitive radio (CR) network. We analyze the outage probability

Lee, Jae Hong

2

The Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

line channel model in [5]) at high SNR, and give approximations of the outage probability at lowThe Approximation of Outage Probability and the Trade-off between Capacity and Diversity of the equivalent FIR channel filter. The error probability is bounded by the outage probability and the error

Scharf, Louis

3

Calculating PMD Statistics and Outage Probabilities with Importance Sampling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the application of importance sampling to Monte-Carlo simulations of polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in optical fibers. The method allows low-probability PMD events to...

Kath, William L; Biondini, Gino

4

Confidence intervals for state probabilities of system capacity outages and for LOLP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONFID"NC. , INTERVALS FO- S'TATE PROBABILITIES OF SYSTEM CAPACITY OUTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thcsi. , bv ATHANASIOS STASINOS Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR STA1'E PROBABILITIES OF STSTEM CAPACITY OVTAGES AND FOR LOLP A Thesis by ATHANASIOS STASINOS Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

Stasinos, Athanasios

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Outage Capacity and Code Design for Dying Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The outage exponents are also studied to reveal how fast the outage probability improves over the number of sub-channels. Besides the information-theoretical results, we also study a practical coding scheme for the dying binary erasure channel (DBEC), which...

Zeng, Meng

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

6

Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario HELP Index Summary Scenario References Student Pages A United States Regional Study The 4th and 5th grade gifted and talented students in the Project Idea Plus classes at Highlands School and Mill Street School apparently have just received e-mail from Moscow, Russia! Actually, these two classes are involved in a humanities simulation. Check out these hints for facilitating the unit. Most school district curricula include the traditional United States regional study. This project is an innovative way to cover the same material emphasizing engaged learning with the Internet. It is a unit that integrates social studies and language arts as well as thinking skills. The teachers have planned this project so that their classes will be able to interact using telecommunications. This offers an opportunity for students

7

scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario Summary Student Page Internet Links Index These are the first few days of the 96 - 97 course and a new list of students has been given to the teacher. Twenty-seven new students will form his class, some with familiar surnames. Most of the students in the bilingual 4th & 5th grade need extra help in some of the subject areas of instruction. Some students just came from another country and have very little educational experiences. Most of them lack the Basic English skills to succeed and compete in a regular classroom. The challenge is there! How being so close to the XXI Century, "The Information Era," will the teacher be able to provide his students with, the necessary skills to succeed in the job market of the future? Fortunately, a few months ago the teacher was

8

Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Project RELATIVITY Scenario HELP Index Summary Scenario Reference Student Pages Introduction: Mr. Brian Wegley is part of a talented science staff at Glenbrook South High School. Glenbrook South High School is set in an educationally supportive and affluent community. The physics staff work in teams teaching physics to over 80% of the student population and are constantly looking for ways to use technology to empower students with the ability to apply learned concepts of physics to their lives. With this goal in mind, the physics staff has instituted a second-semester project which is an engaging, student directed project. It currently runs parallel with a traditionally-formatted, highly-structured physics course and is preceded by many smaller, developmental projects during the first semester. The

9

scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPACE SPACE Scenario HELP Index Summary Scenario Internet Links Student Pages September The students from 7-2 team at Grissom Junior High have started the school year by sending e-mail messages about themselves to sixth graders at a Chicago public school and high school students in Nashville. They have sent a message about how they are looking forward to sharing ideas on astronomy and short biography about Grissom and themselves. They hope to set up a project with the two schools. Other students want to know if other schools around the world could be contacted. The math teacher says she will try to make arrangements but to see if they could come up with some ideas on ways they could contact other schools themselves. Astronomy is part of the seventh grade science curriculum. This year, the

10

Refinery Outages: Fall 2014  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report examines refinery outages planned for Fall 2014 and the potential implications for available refinery capacity, petroleum product markets and supply of gasoline and middle distillate fuel oil (diesel, jet fuel, and heating oil). EIA believes that dissemination of such analyses can be beneficial to market participants who may otherwise be unable to access such information.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Definition: Reduced Sustained Outages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outages Outages Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Sustained Outages A sustained outage is one lasting >5 minutes, excluding major outages and wide-scale outages. The monetary benefit of reducing sustained outages is based on the value of service (VOS) of each customer class. The VOS parameter represents the total cost of a power outage per MWh. This cost includes the value of unserved energy, lost productivity, collateral damage, administrative costs, the value of penalties and performance-based rates. Functions that lead to this benefit can reduce the likelihood that there will be an outage, allow the system to be reconfigured on the fly to help restore service to as many customers as possible, enable a quicker response in the restoration effort, or mitigate the impact of an outage

12

outages | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

66 66 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234866 Varnish cache server outages Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 29 October, 2012 - 14:46 East Coast Utilities prepare for Hurricane Sandy East Coast Hurricane Sandy OpenEI outages storm United States Utility Companies As Hurricane Sandy continues to track towards the coast of the Eastern United States, utility companies have been preparing for an imminent threat that could lead to a substantial and prolonged power outage for utility

13

FPL's Christmas 1991 transmission outages  

SciTech Connect

A record number of contamination related outages occurred on FPL transmission lines during Christmas of 1991 and resulted in an investigation of inservice insulator performance. The field investigation process used was enhanced by recent improvements in outage data recording. Also used in the analysis were weather information, the results of recently completed accelerated aging tests of polymers, and specially conducted tests on the effects of weathering steel stain on porcelain insulators. Specific insulator problems were identified and actions taken to reduce the possibility of recurrence.

Burnham, J.T.; Busch, D.W.; Renowden, J.D. (Florida Power Light Co., Juno Beach, FL (United States). Transmission Line Dept.)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Definition: Reduced Major Outages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outages Outages Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Major Outages A major outage is defined using the beta method, per IEEE Std 1366-2003 (IEEE Power Engineering Society 2004). The monetary benefit of reducing major outages is based on the VOS of each customer class. The VOS parameter represents the total cost of a power outage per MWh. This cost includes the value of unserved energy, lost productivity, collateral damage, the value of penalties and performance-based rates. Functions that lead to this benefit can mitigate major outages by allowing the system to be reconfigured on the fly to help restore service to as many customers as possible, enable a quicker response in the restoration effort, or mitigate the impact of an outage through islanding or alternative power supply.[1]

15

Definition: Outage Management System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outage Management System Outage Management System A software application that can process outage reports from a variety of utility operational systems including SCADA, AMI, and customer phone calls, and display outage information to utility operators. The OMS can help a utility interpret outage information and determine where the likely cause of an outage may be. It can also help the utility optimize its service restoration resources.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/outage_management_system [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Outage_Management_System&oldid=502507

16

A framework and review of customer outage costs: Integration and analysis of electric utility outage cost surveys  

SciTech Connect

A clear understanding of the monetary value that customers place on reliability and the factors that give rise to higher and lower values is an essential tool in determining investment in the grid. The recent National Transmission Grid Study recognizes the need for this information as one of growing importance for both public and private decision makers. In response, the U.S. Department of Energy has undertaken this study, as a first step toward addressing the current absence of consistent data needed to support better estimates of the economic value of electricity reliability. Twenty-four studies, conducted by eight electric utilities between 1989 and 2002 representing residential and commercial/industrial (small, medium and large) customer groups, were chosen for analysis. The studies cover virtually all of the Southeast, most of the western United States, including California, rural Washington and Oregon, and the Midwest south and east of Chicago. All variables were standardized to a consistent metric and dollar amounts were adjusted to the 2002 CPI. The data were then incorporated into a meta-database in which each outage scenario (e.g., the lost of electric service for one hour on a weekday summer afternoon) is treated as an independent case or record both to permit comparisons between outage characteristics and to increase the statistical power of analysis results. Unadjusted average outage costs and Tobit models that estimate customer damage functions are presented. The customer damage functions express customer outage costs for a given outage scenario and customer class as a function of location, time of day, consumption, and business type. One can use the damage functions to calculate outage costs for specific customer types. For example, using the customer damage functions, the cost experienced by an ''average'' customer resulting from a 1 hour summer afternoon outage is estimated to be approximately $3 for a residential customer, $1,200 for small-medium commercial and industrial customer, and $82,000 for large commercial and industrial customer. Future work to improve the quality and coverage of information on the value of electricity reliability to customers is described.

Lawton, Leora; Sullivan, Michael; Van Liere, Kent; Katz, Aaron; Eto, Joseph

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Definition: Reduced Momentary Outages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Momentary Outages Momentary Outages Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Momentary Outages By locating faults more accurately or adding electricity storage, momentary outages could be reduced or eliminated. Moreover, fewer customers on the same or adjacent distribution feeders would experience the momentary interruptions associated with reclosing. Momentary outages last <5 min in duration. The benefit to consumers is based on the value of service.[1] Related Terms electricity storage technologies, electricity generation, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reduced_Momentary_Outages&oldid=493094

18

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council Outage Announcement Council Outage Announcement North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Starting at about 4:11 p.m. EDT, major losses of electric load occurred in the northeastern United States and Canada in the Eastern Interconnection. Although the exact cause is not known at present, the outages are not the result of a terrorist attack. The areas most affected center around the Great Lakes: Michigan, Ohio, New York City, Ontario, Quebec, northern New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report

19

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative: Analysis of Probability of Detection of Plausible Diversion Scenarios at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants Using Advanced Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade, efforts by the safeguards community, including inspectorates, governments, operators and owners of centrifuge facilities, have given rise to new possibilities for safeguards approaches in enrichment plants. Many of these efforts have involved development of new instrumentation to measure uranium mass and uranium-235 enrichment and inspection schemes using unannounced and random site inspections. We have chosen select diversion scenarios and put together a reasonable system of safeguards equipment and safeguards approaches and analyzed the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed safeguards approach by predicting the probability of detection of diversion in the chosen safeguards approaches. We analyzed the effect of redundancy in instrumentation, cross verification of operator instrumentation by inspector instrumentation, and the effects of failures or anomalous readings on verification data. Armed with these esults we were able to quantify the technical cost benefit of the addition of certain instrument suites and show the promise of these new systems.

Hase, Kevin R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hawkins Erpenbeck, Heather [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

20

GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ADVANCED OUTAGE CONTROL CENTER TO IMPROVE OUTAGE COORDINATION, PROBLEM RESOLUTION, AND OUTAGE RISK MANAGEMENT  

SciTech Connect

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE) and performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs that provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. Managing NPP outages is a complex and difficult task due to the large number of maintenance and repair activities that are accomplished in a short period of time. During an outage, the outage control center (OCC) is the temporary command center for outage managers and provides several critical functions for the successful execution of the outage schedule. Essentially, the OCC functions to facilitate information inflow, assist outage management in processing information, and to facilitate the dissemination of information to stakeholders. Currently, outage management activities primarily rely on telephone communication, face to face reports of status, and periodic briefings in the OCC. It is a difficult task to maintain current the information related to outage progress and discovered conditions. Several advanced communication and collaboration technologies have shown promise for facilitating the information flow into, across, and out of the OCC. The use of these technologies will allow information to be shared electronically, providing greater amounts of real-time information to the decision makers and allowing OCC coordinators to meet with supporting staff remotely. Passively monitoring status electronically through advances in the areas of mobile worker technologies, computer-based procedures, and automated work packages will reduce the current reliance on manually reporting progress. The use of these technologies will also improve the knowledge capture and management capabilities of the organization. The purpose of this research is to improve management of NPP outages through the development of an advanced outage control center (AOCC) that is specifically designed to maximize the usefulness of communication and collaboration technologies for outage coordination and problem resolution activities. This technical report for industry implementation outlines methods and considerations for the establishment of an AOCC. This report provides a process for implementation of a change management plan, evaluation of current outage processes, the selection of technology, and guidance for the implementation of the selected technology. Methods are presented for both adoption of technologies within an existing OCC and for a complete OCC replacement, including human factors considerations for OCC design and setup.

Shawn St. Germain; Ronald Farris; April M. Whaley; Heather Medema; David Gertman

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Systems and Services Outage Notification Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Job Logs & Analytics Job Logs & Analytics Training & Tutorials Software Accounts & Allocations Policies Acknowledge NERSC Allocation Eligibility Allocation Management Computer Security Computer Use Data Management Passwords Queue Scheduling Usage Charges System Outages Data Analytics & Visualization Data Management Policies Science Gateways User Surveys NERSC Users Group User Announcements Help Operations for: Passwords & Off-Hours Status 1-800-66-NERSC, option 1 or 510-486-6821 Account Support https://nim.nersc.gov accounts@nersc.gov 1-800-66-NERSC, option 2 or 510-486-8612 Consulting http://help.nersc.gov consult@nersc.gov 1-800-66-NERSC, option 3 or 510-486-8611 Home » For Users » Policies » System Outages Systems Outage Notification Policy To be considered a scheduled outage, the user community must be notified of

22

Definition: Forced Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forced Outage Forced Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Forced Outage The removal from service availability of a generating unit, transmission line, or other facility for emergency reasons., The condition in which the equipment is unavailable due to unanticipated failure.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Forced_Outage&oldid=480310" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data

23

August 14, 2003 Power Outages … Announcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ellen P. Vancko Ellen P. Vancko evancko@nerc.com Power Outage Update ⎯ 8/16/2003 11 a.m. EDT The bulk electric transmission system in the United States and Canada has been restored and is operating reliably. Many of the generating units that tripped off line during the outage have returned to service and additional generating units are expected to return to service over the weekend. Virtually all customers have been returned to electric service, although some customers will continue to experience rotating outages due to generating capacity availability. Some rotating outages may also be necessary on Monday depending on the status of the generating units returning to service and the electrical demand. "NERC is conducting a thorough investigation into this event in conjunction with the regional

24

Definition: Sustained Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustained Outage Sustained Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Sustained Outage The deenergized condition of a transmission line resulting from a fault or disturbance following an unsuccessful automatic reclosing sequence and/or unsuccessful manual reclosing procedure.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A power outage (also power cut, blackout, or power failure) is a short- or long-term loss of the electric power to an area. There are many causes of power failures in an electricity network. Examples of these causes include faults at power stations, damage to electric transmission lines, substations or other parts of the distribution system, a short circuit, or the overloading of electricity mains. Power failures are particularly critical at sites where the environment and public safety are

25

Outage Probability and Goodput with ARQ in Multiple Access Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ganti and R. Aravind Department of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Chennai the overall reliability of a link. Wu et al., analysed ARQ in a point-to-point wireless link with Rayleigh in [2]. For a fading point-to-point channel, throughput maximization with delay constraints

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

26

Contingency Analysis of Cascading Line Outage Events  

SciTech Connect

As the US power systems continue to increase in size and complexity, including the growth of smart grids, larger blackouts due to cascading outages become more likely. Grid congestion is often associated with a cascading collapse leading to a major blackout. Such a collapse is characterized by a self-sustaining sequence of line outages followed by a topology breakup of the network. This paper addresses the implementation and testing of a process for N-k contingency analysis and sequential cascading outage simulation in order to identify potential cascading modes. A modeling approach described in this paper offers a unique capability to identify initiating events that may lead to cascading outages. It predicts the development of cascading events by identifying and visualizing potential cascading tiers. The proposed approach was implemented using a 328-bus simplified SERC power system network. The results of the study indicate that initiating events and possible cascading chains may be identified, ranked and visualized. This approach may be used to improve the reliability of a transmission grid and reduce its vulnerability to cascading outages.

Thomas L Baldwin; Magdy S Tawfik; Miles McQueen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Definition: Cascading Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascading Outage Cascading Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cascading Outage The uncontrolled successive loss of system elements triggered by an incident at any location. Cascading results in widespread electric service interruption that cannot be restrained from sequentially spreading beyond an area predetermined by studies.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A cascading failure is a failure in a system of interconnected parts in which the failure of a part can trigger the failure of successive parts. Such a failure may happen in many types of systems, including power transmission, computer networking, finance and bridges. Cascading failures usually begin when one part of the system fails. When this happens, nearby nodes must then take up the slack for the failed component. This overloads

28

Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-07-02: Based on the most current information we have for both circuits, the new outage dates are listed below: Outage Duration Feeder Out April 30, 2007 - June 1, 2007 Circuit 1 June 2, 2007 - July 1, 2007 Circuit 2 Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) evised plan for transmission outages for the 230 kV circuits Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station PEPCO Comments on Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken Under U.S. Department of Energy Emergency Orders Regarding Operation of the

29

Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

River Project Outage Schedule Clarification River Project Outage Schedule Clarification Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-07-02: Based on the most current information we have for both circuits, the new outage dates are listed below: Outage Duration Feeder Out April 30, 2007 - June 1, 2007 Circuit 1 June 2, 2007 - July 1, 2007 Circuit 2 Potomac River Project Outage Schedule Clarification More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) evised plan for transmission outages for the 230 kV circuits PEPCO Comments on Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken Under U.S. Department of Energy Emergency Orders Regarding Operation of the Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia

30

North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Outage Update Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update The bulk electric transmission system in the United States and Canada has been restored and is operating reliably. Many of the generating units that tripped off line during the outage have returned to service and additional generating units are expected to return to service over the weekend. Virtually all customers have been returned to electric service, although some customers will continue to experience rotating outages due to generating capacity availability. North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update More Documents & Publications Electric System Update: Sunday August 17, 2003 North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report

31

Outage management and health physics issue, 2006  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the May-June issue is on outage management and health physics. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A design with experience for the U.S., by Michael J. Wallace, Constellation Generation Group; Hope to be among the first, by Randy Hutchinson, Entergy Nuclear; Plans to file COLs in 2008, by Garry Miller, Progress Energy; Evolution of ICRP's recommendations, by Lars-Erik Holm, ICRP; European network on education and training in radiological protection, by Michele Coeck, SCK-CEN, Belgium; Outage managment: an important tool for improving nuclear power plant performance, by Thomas Mazour and Jiri Mandula, IAEA, Austria; and Plant profile: Exploring new paths to excellence, by Anne Thomas, Exelon Nuclear.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Advanced Outage and Control Center: Strategies for Nuclear Plant Outage Work Status Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The research effort is a part of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program. LWRS is a research and development program sponsored by the Department of Energy, performed in close collaboration with industry to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS Program serves to help the US nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The Outage Control Center (OCC) Pilot Project was directed at carrying out the applied research for development and pilot of technology designed to enhance safe outage and maintenance operations, improve human performance and reliability, increase overall operational efficiency, and improve plant status control. Plant outage management is a high priority concern for the nuclear industry from cost and safety perspectives. Unfortunately, many of the underlying technologies supporting outage control are the same as those used in the 1980s. They depend heavily upon large teams of staff, multiple work and coordination locations, and manual administrative actions that require large amounts of paper. Previous work in human reliability analysis suggests that many repetitive tasks, including paper work tasks, may have a failure rate of 1.0E-3 or higher (Gertman, 1996). With between 10,000 and 45,000 subtasks being performed during an outage (Gomes, 1996), the opportunity for human error of some consequence is a realistic concern. Although a number of factors exist that can make these errors recoverable, reducing and effectively coordinating the sheer number of tasks to be performed, particularly those that are error prone, has the potential to enhance outage efficiency and safety. Additionally, outage management requires precise coordination of work groups that do not always share similar objectives. Outage managers are concerned with schedule and cost, union workers are concerned with performing work that is commensurate with their trade, and support functions (safety, quality assurance, and radiological controls, etc.) are concerned with performing the work within the plants controls and procedures. Approaches to outage management should be designed to increase the active participation of work groups and managers in making decisions that closed the gap between competing objectives and the potential for error and process inefficiency.

Gregory Weatherby

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

RESOLVED: Projectb filesystem outage July 9, 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RESOLVED: Projectb filesystem outage July 9, 2012 RESOLVED: Projectb filesystem outage July 9, 2012 RESOLVED: Projectb filesystem outage July 9, 2012 July 9, 2012 (0 Comments) The projectb filesystem had a hardware failure that potentially generated I/O errors. The filesystem logs indicate that the earliest abnormal event on the filesystem occurred at 9:19AM and the filesystem was taken down for maintenance at 10:42AM. The filesystem returned to service at 11:20AM. Jobs running on the cluster would not have been able to read from or write to the projectb filesystem between 10:42AM and 11:20AM. Between 9:19AM and 10:42AM one out of the 20 GPFS controllers on projectb was down, and didn't failover (as it should have). This means: 1/20 file I/O operations could have failed between 9:19AM and 10:42AM If your job was performing a large number of short reads and writes, then

34

Summary of Market Assessment of Upcoming Planned Refinery Outages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary of Market Assessment of Upcoming Planned Refinery Outages Summary of Market Assessment of Upcoming Planned Refinery Outages Summary of Market Assessment of Upcoming Planned Refinery Outages Market Assessment of Upcoming Planned Refinery Outages, December 2008 - March 2009 reviews planned U.S. refinery outages from December 2008 though March 2009 in order to identify any regions where outages might create enough supply pressure to impact prices significantly. As required under Section 804 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-140), this report reviews the supply implications of planned refinery outages for December 2008 through March 2009, which covers the winter period when demand for distillate fuels (diesel and heating oil) is high. As a result, emphasis in this report is on distillate rather than gasoline. Refinery outages are the result of planned maintenance and unplanned outages. Maintenance is usually scheduled during the times when demand is lowest - in the first quarter and again in the fall. Unplanned outages, which occur for many reasons including mechanical failures, fires, and flooding, can occur at any time.

35

Definition: Outage Detection/Reporting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outage Detection/Reporting Outage Detection/Reporting Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Outage Detection/Reporting A system utilizing smart meters and AMI that can notify a utility of customer power outages when the power to meters is interrupted. Generally speaking, this can be done by utilizing meters that can send a "last gasp" signal to the head-end system upon losing power, or by periodically polling meters to check status.[1] Related Terms power, advanced metering infrastructure, system References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/outage_detectionreporting [[Cat Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. egory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Outage_Detection/Reporting&oldid=502576

36

Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Outages Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages After a disaster, electric utilities and government officials will first work to restore power to critical infrastructure like power plants and transmission lines, water treatment facilities, and telecommunications networks, and also to hospitals, critical care facilities, and emergency response agencies. It may take several days or even weeks to restore power to individual homeowners, but here's what you can do to help prepare and recover power more quickly: Charge mobile devices-If you have power, charge your cell phones, laptops, and other mobile devices so they'll have the maximum amount of battery power stored in the event of a power outage. These devices will help you communicate with your power company, and they'll help you stay

37

Technology Integration Initiative In Support of Outage Management  

SciTech Connect

Plant outage management is a high priority concern for the nuclear industry from cost and safety perspectives. Often, command and control during outages is maintained in the outage control center where many of the underlying technologies supporting outage control are the same as those used in the 1980s. This research reports on the use of advanced integrating software technologies and hand held mobile devices as a means by which to reduce cycle time, improve accuracy, and enhance transparency among outage team members. This paper reports on the first phase of research supported by the DOE Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program that is performed in close collaboration with industry to examine the introduction of newly available technology allowing for safe and efficient outage performance. It is thought that this research will result in: improved resource management among various plant stakeholder groups, reduced paper work, and enhanced overall situation awareness for the outage control center management team. A description of field data collection methods, including personnel interview data, success factors, end-user evaluation and integration of hand held devices in achieving an integrated design are also evaluated. Finally, the necessity of obtaining operations cooperation support in field studies and technology evaluation is acknowledged.

Gregory Weatherby; David Gertman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Resolving piping analysis issues to minimize impact on installation activities during refueling outage at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

While it is required to maintain piping code compliance for all phases of installation activities during outages at a nuclear plant, it is equally essential to reduce challenges to the installation personnel on how plant modification work should be performed. Plant betterment activities that incorporate proposed design changes are continually implemented during the outages. Supporting analysis are performed to back these activities for operable systems. The goal is to reduce engineering and craft man-hours and minimize outage time. This paper outlines how plant modification process can be streamlined to facilitate construction teams to do their tasks that involve safety related piping. In this manner, installation can proceed by minimizing on the spot analytical effort and reduce downtime to support the proposed modifications. Examples are provided that permit performance of installation work in any sequence. Piping and hangers including the branch lines are prequalified and determined operable. The system is up front analyzed for all possible scenarios. The modification instructions in the work packages is flexible enough to permit any possible installation sequence. The benefit to this approach is large enough in the sense that valuable outage time is not extended and on site analytical work is not required.

Bhavnani, D. [Public Service Electric and Gas Co., Hancocks Bridge, NJ (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages In June 2011, President Obama released A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid which set out a four-pillared strategy for modernizing the electric grid. The initiative directed billions of dollars toward investments in 21st century smart grid technologies focused at increasing the grid's efficiency, reliability, and resilience, and making it less vulnerable to weather-related outages and reducing the time it takes to restore power after an outage occurs. Grid resilience is increasingly important as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of severe weather. Greenhouse gas emissions are elevating air and water temperatures around the world. Scientific research

40

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Development of Methodologies for Technology Deployment for Advanced Outage Control Centers that Improve Outage Coordination, Problem Resolution and Outage Risk Management  

SciTech Connect

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE) and performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs that provides the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The long term viability of existing nuclear power plants in the U.S. will depend upon maintaining high capacity factors, avoiding nuclear safety issues and reducing operating costs. The slow progress in the construction on new nuclear power plants has placed in increased importance on maintaining the output of the current fleet of nuclear power plants. Recently expanded natural gas production has placed increased economic pressure on nuclear power plants due to lower cost competition. Until recently, power uprate projects had steadily increased the total output of the U.S. nuclear fleet. Errors made during power plant upgrade projects have now removed three nuclear power plants from the U.S. fleet and economic considerations have caused the permanent shutdown of a fourth plant. Additionally, several utilities have cancelled power uprate projects citing economic concerns. For the past several years net electrical generation from U.S. nuclear power plants has been declining. One of few remaining areas where significant improvements in plant capacity factors can be made is in minimizing the duration of refueling outages. Managing nuclear power plant outages is a complex and difficult task. Due to the large number of complex tasks and the uncertainty that accompanies them, outage durations routinely exceed the planned duration. The ability to complete an outage on or near schedule depends upon the performance of the outage management organization. During an outage, the outage control center (OCC) is the temporary command center for outage managers and provides several critical functions for the successful execution of the outage schedule. Essentially, the OCC functions to facilitate information inflow, assist outage management in processing information and to facilitate the dissemination of information to stakeholders. Currently, outage management activities primarily rely on telephone communication, face to face reports of status and periodic briefings in the OCC. Much of the information displayed in OCCs is static and out of date requiring an evaluation to determine if it is still valid. Several advanced communication and collaboration technologies have shown promise for facilitating the information flow into, across and out of the OCC. Additionally, advances in the areas of mobile worker technologies, computer based procedures and electronic work packages can be leveraged to improve the availability of real time status to outage managers.

Shawn St. Germain; Ronald Farris; Heather Medeman

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

SAMPLE RESULTS FROM MCU SOLIDS OUTAGE  

SciTech Connect

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has received several solid and liquid samples from MCU in an effort to understand and recover from the system outage starting on April 6, 2014. SRNL concludes that the presence of solids in the Salt Solution Feed Tank (SSFT) is the likely root cause for the outage, based upon the following discoveries ? A solids sample from the extraction contactor #1 proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the scrub contactor#1 proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the Salt Solution Feed Tank (SSFT) proved to be mostly sodium oxalate ? An archived sample from Tank 49H taken last year was shown to contain a fine precipitate of sodium oxalate ? A solids sample from the extraction contactor #1 drain pipe from extraction contactor#1 proved to be mostly sodium aluminosilicate ? A liquid sample from the SSFT was shown to have elevated levels of oxalate anion compared to the expected concentration in the feed Visual inspection of the SSFT indicated the presence of precipitated or transferred solids, which were likely also in the Salt Solution Receipt Tank (SSRT). The presence of the solids coupled with agitation performed to maintain feed temperature resulted in oxalate solids migration through the MCU system and caused hydraulic issues that resulted in unplanned phase carryover from the extraction into the scrub, and ultimately the strip contactors. Not only did this carryover result in the Strip Effluent (SE) being pushed out of waste acceptance specification, but it resulted in the deposition of solids into several of the contactors. At the same time, extensive deposits of aluminosilicates were found in the drain tube in the extraction contactor #1. However it is not known at this time how the aluminosilicate solids are related to the oxalate solids. The solids were successfully cleaned out of the MCU system. However, future consideration must be given to the exclusion of oxalate solids into the MCU system. There were 53 recommendations for improving operations recently identified. Some additional considerations or additional details are provided below as recommendations. ? From this point on, IC-Anions analyses of the DSSHT should be part of the monthly routine analysis in order to spot negative trends in the oxalate leaving the MCU system. Care must be taken to monitor the oxalate content to watch for sudden precipitation of oxalate salts in the system. ? Conduct a study to optimize the cleaning strategy at ARP-MCU through decreasing the concentration or entirely eliminating the oxalic acid. ? The contents of the SSFT should remain unagitated. Routine visual observation should be maintained to ensure there is not a large buildup of solids. As water with agitation provided sufficient removal of the solids in the feed tank, it should be considered as a good means for dissolving oxalate solids if they are found in the future. ? Conduct a study to improve prediction of oxalate solubility in salt batch feed materials. As titanium and mercury have been found in various solids in this report, evaluate if either element plays a role in oxalate solubility during processing. ? Salt batch characterization focuses primarily on characterization and testing of unaltered Tank 21H material; however, non-typical feeds are developed through cleaning, washing, and/or sump transfers. As these solutions are processed through MCU, they may precipitate solids or reduce performance. Salt batch characterization and testing should be expanded to encompass a broader range of feeds that may be processed through ARPMCU.

Peters, T.; Washington, A.; Oji, L.; Coleman, C.; Poirier, M.

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report reviews power outages and restoration efforts following the June 29, 2012 Derecho and compares them to outages and restoration efforts following other spring and summer storms in the...

44

Number and propagation of line outages in cascading events in electric power transmission systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Number and propagation of line outages in cascading events in electric power transmission systems of transmission lines. We estimate from observed utility data how transmission line outages propagate, and obtain of transmission lines. The multiple mechanisms involved these cascading outages are many and varied, and the power

Dobson, Ian

45

On PMU Location Selection for Line Outage Detection in Wide-area Transmission Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 On PMU Location Selection for Line Outage Detection in Wide-area Transmission Networks Yue Zhao locations to collect voltage phase angle measurements for detecting line outages in wide-area transmission measurements. Index Terms--Phasor measurement unit, location selection, outage detection, transmission networks

Zhao, Yue

46

Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Responding to Power Outages and Floods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People and the environment can be harmed if a home's onsite wastewater treatment system does not work properly after a flood or power outage. This publication explains the steps to take after such an event to get the system back into service. 4 pp...

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Mechell, Justin; Alexander, Rachel

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

47

Preventing power outages Power system contingency analysis on the GPU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problem. Moreover, the power system has to keep functioning properly even when a transmission line failsPreventing power outages Power system contingency analysis on the GPU To provide electricity generators, nuclear power plants, wind turbines, etc.) and a network of lines and cables to transmit

Vuik, Kees

48

Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-05-03: Pursuant 10 the United States Department of Energy "DOE") Order No. 102-05-3, issued December 20, 2005 ("DOE Potomac River Order''), Pepco hereby files this Further Notice Of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages serving the Potomac River Substation, and through thaI station, the District of Columbia. Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) Concerning Planned Outages of the 230 kV circuits Docket No. EO-05-01: Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages

49

Notice of Unplanned Outage at the Mirant Potomac River Plant | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unplanned Outage at the Mirant Potomac River Plant Unplanned Outage at the Mirant Potomac River Plant Notice of Unplanned Outage at the Mirant Potomac River Plant Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-05-03: Pursuant to the United States Department of Energy ("DOE") Order No_ 202-05-3, issued December 20, 2005 ("DOE Potomac River Order"), Pepco hereby files this notice of an unplanned outage of one of the 230kV circuits serving the Potomac River Substation, and through that station, the District of Columbia. Notice of Unplanned Outage at the Mirant Potomac River Plant More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) Concerning Planned Outages of the 230 kV circuits Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages

50

Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station Docket No. EO-05-01. In accordance with DOE Order No. 202-05-03 Pepco is required to provide notification of any and all 230kV planned outages at Potomac River Generating Station. On Tuesday February 20, 2007 Potomac Electric Power Company (Pepco) will be taking a planned outage on the 23106 high voltage circuit between the Palmer's Corner Substation and the Potomac River Generating Station. Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case No. EO-05-01: Advanced Notice of Power Outages. Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken under U.S. Department of

51

Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-05-03: Pursuant 10 the United States Department of Energy "DOE") Order No. 102-05-3, issued December 20, 2005 ("DOE Potomac River Order''), Pepco hereby files this Further Notice Of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages serving the Potomac River Substation, and through thaI station, the District of Columbia. Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages More Documents & Publications Docket No. EO-05-01: Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) Concerning Planned Outages of the 230 kV circuits

52

Steam turbine-generator outage interval extension  

SciTech Connect

In the industry`s growing competitive climate, utilities are seeking ways to tap the economic benefits to be derived from maximizing intervals between major turbine-generator (T-G) inspections and overhauls--while ensuring protection of these assets. EPRI and others have developed a substantial body of technology which addresses many of the condition assessment issues that underlie T-G inspection and overhaul decisions. Examples include remaining life determination of critical components such as rotors and blades. While the initial focus of this technology had previously been to support T-G run-repair-replace decision making, this technology can also serve as a basis for run-inspect decisions. This paper describes EPRI`s initiative to develop and implement a T-G Health Management System. By providing key status reports reflecting the on-line health of critical components, in terms of life consumption, performance degradation and probability of failure, this system will provide a means to justify extending T-G operations between inspections and overhauls.

McCloskey, T.H. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Pollard, M. [Carolina Power & Light Company, Raleigh, NC (United States); Dewey, R.; Roemer, M. [Stress Technology Inc., Rochester, NY (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HPSS HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22 HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22 March 12, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) The NERSC HPSS "User" system (archive.nersc.gov) will be down for four days from Tue Mar 19 07:00 to Fri Mar 22 17:00). The system will be upgraded from HPSS version 6.2 to version 7.3. This new version of the HPSS server software is not compatible with current GridFTP servers. This means the NERSC HPSS systems will not support any grid-based transfer methods (including GlobusOnline) following the upgrade. We expect to install a fix for this problem during a scheduled downtime by the end of April. This is a major upgrade that will require users of the HPSS User system to switch to new versions of the HPSS client software tools hsi and htar.

54

32. Probability 1 32. PROBABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

statistics provides no fundamental rule for obtaining the prior probability, which may depend on previous of statistics (see Sec. 33). The cumulative distribution function F(a) is the probability that x a: F32. Probability 1 32. PROBABILITY Revised September 2011 by G. Cowan (RHUL). 32.1. General [1

55

Docket No. EO-05-01: Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Docket No. EO-05-01: Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Docket No. EO-05-01. Pursuant to the United States Department of Energy Order No. 202-05-03, issued December 20, 2005 directing Mirant Potomac River to generate electricity at Potomac River Generating Station, PEPCO hereby files this Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages. Docket No. EO-05-01: Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages More Documents & Publications Further Notice of 230kV Circuit Planned Outages Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy, Case No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) Concerning Planned Outages of the 230 kV circuits Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case No.

56

Repair duration effects on distribution system reliability indices and customer outage costs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The distribution system is part of the electric power system that links the bulk transmission system and the individual customers. Approximately 80 percent of outages (more)

Shakya, Binendra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Annual Steam System Maintenance Outage (2014) Beginning on Sunday, June 8th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Steam System Maintenance Outage (2014) Beginning on Sunday, June 8th at 12:00pm (Noon), the Central Utility Plant (CUP), which supplies steam service to over 100 buildings on the Newark campus, will be shut down for the annual Steam System Maintenance Outage. This effort is necessary each year to ensure

Firestone, Jeremy

58

Outage Detection in Power Distribution Networks with Optimally-Deployed Power Flow Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outage Detection in Power Distribution Networks with Optimally-Deployed Power Flow Sensors Yue Zhao deployed real-time power flow sensors and that of load estimates via Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI within each subtree only the sensors at its root and on its boundary are used. Outage detection

Zhao, Yue

59

Outage Detection via Real-time Social Stream Analysis: Leveraging the Power of Online Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disruptions. Each is described below with their ac- companying defects. Internal monitoring systems. NetflixOutage Detection via Real-time Social Stream Analysis: Leveraging the Power of Online Complaints documents the design and development of an outage detection system for the online services provided

Dekhtyar, Alexander

60

Market Assessment of Planned Refinery Outages March … June 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

09)/1 09)/1 Market Assessment of Planned Refinery Outages March - June 2009 March 2009 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the U.S. Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requestor.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - 112706 Final Outage Letter PUBLIC.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CRITICAL ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE INFORMATION CRITICAL ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE INFORMATION REMOVED FOR PRIVILEGED TREATMENT November 27, 2006 Lawrence Mansueti Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy Rm. 8H-033 1000 Independence Avenue Washington, D.C. 20585 Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case No. EO-05-01 Dear Mr. Mansueti: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with information regarding the planned transmission outages that are scheduled for the upcoming months. In accordance with its internal procedures developed pursuant to the December 20, 2005 order in the captioned proceeding, Order No. 202-05-03 ("December 20 Order"), Pepco will provide

62

U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations On August 14, 2003, the largest power blackout in North American history affected an area with an estimated 50 million people and 61,800 megawatts (MW) of electric load in the states of Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey, and the Canadian province of Ontario. U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions Taken

63

Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In accordance with DOE Order No. 202-05-03 Pepco is In accordance with DOE Order No. 202-05-03 Pepco is required to provide notification of any and all 230kV planned outages at Potomac River Generating Station. On Tuesday February 20, 2007 Potomac Electric Power Company (Pepco) will be taking a planned outage on the 23106 high voltage circuit between the Palmer's Corner Substation and the Potomac River Generating Station. Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station More Documents & Publications Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case No. EO-05-01: Advanced Notice of Power Outages. Special Environmental Analysis For Actions Taken under U.S. Department of Energy Emergency Orders Regarding Operation of the Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia

64

The detection, prevention and mitigation of cascading outages in the power system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their neighboring lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 IX Transmission lines and their thermal limits (in MVA value) . . . . . 104 X Top 6 line outages ranked by vulnerability index and margin index . 105 XI Top 6 line outages ranked by vulnerability index based...116 120 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Problem Statement Electric power system is one of the biggest and most complex man-made sys- tems. It is composed of thousands of generators, transformers, transmission lines, substations, loads and extensive...

Song, Hongbiao

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho August 7, 2012 - 11:16am Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released a report that reviews power outages and restoration efforts following the June 29, 2012 Derecho and compares them to outages and restoration efforts following other spring and summer storms in the Ohio Valley and Mid-Atlantic regions. View the Report. Addthis Related Articles Salazar, Chu Announce Major Offshore Wind Initiatives A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho Response to Hurricane Irene - Restoring Power on the East Coast President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza.

66

Reliability models of wind farms considering wind speed correlation and WTG outage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed correlation and wind turbine generator (WTG) outage are two factors affecting the reliability model of wind farms, but they are not addressed simultaneously in the existing literature. Meanwhile, WTG outage is reported to be dependent with wind speed to some extent. Therefore, the extended reliability models of wind farms incorporating both of these two factors and the dependency between WTG outage and wind speed are proposed in this paper. To consider the uncertainties and dependencies of wind speed and WTG failure, Copula method is applied to simulate correlated random variables representing for wind speed and the number of failed WTG units. Moreover, the linear apportioning technique is used to create multistate reliability models of wind farms from hourly wind power models. A number of sensitivity analyses on the modified IEEE RTS with wind power are conducted to validate the proposed reliability models for generation adequacy assessment. Case studies show that the generation adequacy indices increase with the correlation of wind speed and WTG forced outage rate (FOR). It is meaningful to point out that the effect of dependency between wind speed and WTG FOR on generation adequacy is minimal when WTG outages are independent, but it will be substantially larger when WTG outages are highly dependent. The proposed multistate reliability models of wind farms provide foundation for the reliability assessment of power systems with wind power integrated.

Fan Chen; Fangxing Li; Zhinong Wei; Guoqiang Sun; Jun Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Status Report on the Development of Micro-Scheduling Software for the Advanced Outage Control Center Project  

SciTech Connect

The long-term viability of existing nuclear power plants (NPPs) in the United States (U.S.) is dependent upon a number of factors, including maintaining high capacity factors, maintaining nuclear safety, and reducing operating costs, particularly those associated with refueling outages. Refueling outages typically take 20-30 days, and for existing light water NPPs in the U.S., the reactor cannot be in operation during the outage. Furthermore, given that many NPPs generate between $1-1.5 million/day in revenue when in operation, there is considerable interest in shortening the length of refueling outages. Yet, refueling outages are highly complex operations, involving multiple concurrent and dependent activities that are difficult to coordinate. Finding ways to improve refueling outage performance while maintaining nuclear safety has proven to be difficult. The Advanced Outage Control Center project is a research and development (R&D) demonstration activity under the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program. LWRS is a R&D program which works with industry R&D programs to establish technical foundations for the licensing and managing of long-term, safe, and economical operation of current NPPs. The Advanced Outage Control Center project has the goal of improving the management of commercial NPP refueling outages. To accomplish this goal, this INL R&D project is developing an advanced outage control center (OCC) that is specifically designed to maximize the usefulness of communication and collaboration technologies for outage coordination and problem resolution activities. This report describes specific recent efforts to develop a capability called outage Micro-Scheduling. Micro-Scheduling is the ability to allocate and schedule outage support task resources on a sub-hour basis. Micro-Scheduling is the real-time fine-tuning of the outage schedule to react to the actual progress of the primary outage activities to ensure that support task resources are optimally deployed with the least amount of delay and unproductive use of resources. The remaining sections of this report describe in more detail the scheduling challenges that occur during outages, how a Micro-Scheduling capability helps address those challenges, and provides a status update on work accomplished to date and the path forward.

Shawn St. Germain; Kenneth Thomas; Ronald Farris; Jeffrey Joe

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ORNL Network Outage, Friday, April 15, 9:30 p.m. to Date  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outage Outage All externally accessible ORNL servers, including the ORNL DAAC Web Site, http://daac.ornl.gov are experiencing network outages or slow connectivity at this time. The ORNL Information Technology's Cyber Security Program is working hard to restore full external functionality. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your patience during our down time. At this time you can explore our Web site and access data products including MODIS Land Products Subsets, albeit slowly. The following tools: Mercury (Simple Search and Advanced Product Search) WebGIS Spatial Data Access Tool (SDAT) Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services (THREDDS) Data Server (TDS) as well as the following Web Sites: Mast-DC FLUXNET are not available. You may experience problems signing-in or

69

Power Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy Power Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy October 29, 2012 - 9:37pm Addthis Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs As of 8:00 pm EDT on October 29, there were more than 3.6 million customers without power in the affected states. The Energy Department is continuing to monitor the progress of the storm throughout the night and will publish

70

Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for March 2011 through June 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Assessment of Refinery Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for March 2011 through June 2011 APRIL 2011 www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Market Assessment of Planned Refinery Outages / March 2011 - June 2011 ii This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Market Assessment of Planned Refinery Outages /

71

Pepco Update on Current Construction Work and Mirant Generation Needs for Pepco's Planned June Line Outage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 25, 2007 May 25, 2007 Kevin Kolevar Director of the Office of Electricity Deliverability and Energy Reliability Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Dear Mr. Kolevar, DOE has requested that Pepco provide an update on the current work to install two new 230 kilovolt circuits into Potomac River substation and to evaluate the need for generation from the Potomac River plant to support the anticipated line outage during June, 2007. An outage on one of the 230 kV circuits is currently underway and is currently scheduled to be completed by June 2, 2007. Mirant has supported this outage with generation required to match the Potomac River area load from the substation. This has required the operation of all 5 generating units located at

72

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--II: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL. 55, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2008 927 Using Transmission Line Outage Data to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Transmission Line Outage Data to Estimate Cascading Failure Propagation in an Electric Power transmission line outages recorded over nine years in an electric power system with approx- imately 200 lines. The average amount of propagation of the line outages is estimated from the data. The distribution

Dobson, Ian

73

Copyright 2008 IEEE. Reprinted from Hui Ren, Student Member, IEEE and Ian Dobson, Fellow, IEEE; Using Transmission Line Outage Data to Estimate Cascading Failure Propagation in an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Using Transmission Line Outage Data to Estimate Cascading Failure Propagation in an Electric Power ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--II: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL. 55, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2008 927 Using Transmission Line Outage, IEEE, and Ian Dobson, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--We study cascading transmission line outages recorded over

74

Draft!07"18"2011! 1 Turning the Tide on Outages1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! Draft!07"18"2011! 1 Turning the Tide on Outages1 What are the true costs of implementing!data!for!the!U.S.,!which!are!generally!available!from! several!sources,!including!from!the!U.S.!DOE's!Energy!University!of!Minnesota,!he!directed!all!Infrastructure!Security,!Grid! Operations/Planning,!and!Energy!Ma

Amin, S. Massoud

75

Steam turbine maintenance and repair technology: Reducing planned-outage costs  

SciTech Connect

The North American Electric Reliability Council (NAERC) reported that the average loss of equivalent availability per outage for a major fossil turbine overhaul is 323,000 MW-HR. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Generation and Storage Division, is in the first phase of a major research project to reduce the duration and/or frequency of steam turbine maintenance outages. This project consists of an assessment of the current state-of-the-art turbine maintenance and repair techniques and technologies. It is based on a review of current turbine maintenance practices of the US, European, Japanese, and Australian utility industries. Emphasized are maintenance and repair activities that have the most significant impact on outage duration or frequency. Twenty-six key turbine maintenance activities and the current best techniques were identified for use by utility maintenance personnel. Overall outage durations could be reduced if the duration of these activities were shortened or if they were performed more effectively. Recommended projects for development of advanced steam turbine maintenance technology were identified. 29 refs., 46 figs., 9 tabs.

Grace, H.P.; McClintock, M. (General Physics Corp., Columbia, MD (USA)); Lamping, G. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Scenario Analysis Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Sigmund Gronich at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure meeting on January 31, 2007.

77

Technology Forecasting Scenario Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Forecasting and Scenario Development Newsletter No. 2 October 1998 Systems Analysis was initiated on the establishment of a new research programme entitled Technology Forecasting and Scenario and commercial applica- tion of new technology. An international Scientific Advisory Panel has been set up

78

Emerging WiFi Direct technique in home area networks for Smart Grid: Power consumption and outage performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Considering the power saving potential of the emerging WiFi Direct technique, we evaluate the performance of WiFi Direct technique in Home Area Networks (HANs) for Smart Grid communication from two aspects: power consumption and downlink outage performance. By modeling the traffic intensity and the number of working devices in a dynamic HAN as a Markov chain, the power consumption of the dynamic HAN with Power Saving Mechanism (PSM) and the conventional static HAN with Continuous Active Mode (CAM) are evaluated and compared. On the other hand, the probability density function (PDF) of the signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR) for the active user connected in the HAN is derived from the amplitude distribution property of the classical indoor SalehValenzuela (SV) channel. The numerical results show that WiFi Direct technique not only improves the power saving in the HAN for Smart Grid, but also enhances the reliability of HAN communications for Smart Grid.

Zhuo Li; Qilian Liang; Xiuzhen Cheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Brazil's biofuels scenario  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

LIVRO VERDE DO ETANOL LIVRO VERDE DO ETANOL Brazil's biofuels scenario: What are the main drivers which will shape investments in the long term? Artur Yabe Milanez Manager BNDES...

80

Physical Probability Patrick Maher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Probability Patrick Maher University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign October 13, 2007 ABSTRACT. By "physical probability" I mean the empirical concept of probability in or- dinary language-extreme physical probabilities are compatible with determin- ism. Two principles, called specification

Fitelson, Branden

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Perturbed Markovian probability models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Perturbed Markovian probability models ... Statistical Models and NMR Analysis of Polymer Microstructure ...

H. N. Cheng

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Scenario Jedi | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Jedi Scenario Jedi This document summarizes an overview of the Scenario Solar PV Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model work. statwebinar082113jedi.pdf More...

83

Air Pollution Project: Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario HELP Index Summary Scenario Internet Links Student Pages Oak Park and River Forest High School in Oak Park, IL, is a four-year (9-12) comprehensive high school with an enrollment of approximately 2800 students. The communities of Oak Park and River Forest are located just west of Chicago. Student backgrounds vary greatly socio-economically, ethnically (63% Caucasian, 28% African-American, 4% Hispanic, 4% Asian) and culturally. Average student standardized test scores are above the state and national averages. The chemistry class is a cross section of the lower 70% of the school community. Students in Ms. Bardeen's regular chemistry class, grades 10, 11 & 12 enter the computer lab, access the Internet on their computers, and begin to work with their teams on their current project. Students are busy talking with

84

Salt Creek Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario HELP Index Summary Scenario References Student Pages Two branches of Salt Creek run through the city of Rolling Meadows, Illinois, not far from our school. Five members of our team of eighth grade teachers from different subject areas (science, language arts, bilingual education and special education), decided to develop an interdisciplinary study of Salt Creek as a way of giving our students authentic experiences in environmental studies. The unit begins when students enter school in August, running through the third week of September, and resuming for three weeks in October. Extension activities based on using the data gathered at the creek continue throughout the school year, culminating in a presentation at a city council meeting in the spring.

85

On Sequential Probability Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the same time. [Probability, Statistics and Truth, MacMillan 1957. page 11] ... the collective "denotes a collective wherein the attribute of the single event is the number of points thrown. [Probability, StatisticsOn Sequential Probability Forecasting David A. Bessler 1 David A. Bessler Texas A&M University

McCarl, Bruce A.

86

MATCASC: A tool to analyse cascading line outages in power grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blackouts in power grids typically result from cascading failures. The key importance of the electric power grid to society encourages further research into sustaining power system reliability and developing new methods to manage the risks of cascading blackouts. Adequate software tools are required to better analyze, understand, and assess the consequences of the cascading failures. This paper presents MATCASC, an open source MATLAB based tool to analyse cascading failures in power grids. Cascading effects due to line overload outages are considered. The applicability of the MATCASC tool is demonstrated by assessing the robustness of IEEE test systems and real-world power grids with respect to cascading failures.

Ko, Yakup; Araujo, Nuno A M; Warnier, Martijn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Sight and Sound - Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario Summary Student Pages Internet Links Index Introduction Development/Rationale for the Year-End Project Teacher Preparation for the Year-End Project The Sight and Sound Project - an Anecdotal Account Introduction to and Selection of Year-End Projects Conducting the Literature Search Project Proposal Conducting the Experiments Wrapping up with the Reports and Presentations Introduction: Mr. Tom Henderson is part of a talented science staff at Glenbrook South High School. Glenbrook South High School (GBS) is set in an educationally supportive and affluent community. The physics staff work in teams teaching physics to over 80 percent of the student population and are constantly looking for ways to use technology to empower students with the ability to apply learned concepts of physics to their lives. With this goal in mind,

88

Exploring non-signalling polytopes with negative probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bipartite and tripartite EPR-Bell type systems are examined via joint quasi-probability distributions where elementary probabilities are permitted to be negative. It is shown that such distributions exist only when the no-signalling condition is satisfied. A characteristic measure, the probability mass, is introduced and, via its minimization, limits the number of quasi-distributions describing a given marginal probability distribution. The minimized probability mass is shown to be an alternative way to characterize non-local systems. Non-signalling polytopes for two, three, and four settings in the bipartite scenario are examined and compared to prior work. Examining perfect cloning of non-local systems within the tripartite scenario suggests defining two categories of signalling. It is seen that many properties of non-local systems can be efficiently described by quasi-probability theory.

G. Oas; J. Acacio de Barros; C. Carvalhaes

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Outage Log  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1814 4:45 PST 111814 10:18 PST Project Unavailable. 111214 0:22 PST - Hopper IDLMATLABMathematica unavailable on Hopper. 111214 0:22 PST - Edison IDLMATLABMathematica...

90

Biomass Scenario Model Scenario Library: Definitions, Construction, and Description  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the development of the biofuels industry in the United States is important to policymakers and industry. The Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) is a system dynamics model of the biomass-to-biofuels system that can be used to explore policy effects on biofuels development. Because of the complexity of the model, as well as the wide range of possible future conditions that affect biofuels industry development, we have not developed a single reference case but instead developed a set of specific scenarios that provide various contexts for our analyses. The purpose of this report is to describe the scenarios that comprise the BSM scenario library. At present, we have the following policy-focused scenarios in our library: minimal policies, ethanol-focused policies, equal access to policies, output-focused policies, technological diversity focused, and the point-of-production- focused. This report describes each scenario, its policy settings, and general insights gained through use of the scenarios in analytic studies.

Inman, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gaussian probability density function. This book is printed on acid-free paper. The paper in this book Laura Boucher This book was set in Times Roman by the authors and printed and bound by Quebecor is to learn how to solve practical problems. For the majority, the mathematical logic of probability theory is

Kozick, Richard J.

92

Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sent: Wednesday, May 16, 2007 4:49 PM To: #DOE_Notification@pepco.com Subject: Notification of Planned 230kV Outage at Potomac River Generating Station To Whom It May Concern: This morning Pepco and PJM observed that the generation at the Potomac River Generating Station was having difficulty matching the station generation requirement to the Potomac River area load. Mirant has also informed Pepco and PJM that several generating units were experiencing equipment problems which required them to reduce unit and total plant output. Based on these observations and information received from Mirant, Pepco has elected to cease the current work activities underway on xxxxx high voltage circuit and we will be placing this transmission line back in service this afternoon.

93

ORNL Network Outage, Friday, April 15, 9:30 p.m. to Date  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated 4/25/2011 Updated 4/25/2011 All externally accessible ORNL servers, including the ORNL DAAC Web Site, http://daac.ornl.gov are experiencing network outages or slow connectivity at this time. We apologize for this inconvenience and appreciate your patience during our down time. At this time you can explore our Web site and access data products including MODIS Land Products Subsets, albeit slowly. However, the following Web sites and tools have been taken off the Internet and are not available: Mercury (DAAC Simple Search and Advanced Product Search) WebGIS Spatial Data Access Tool (SDAT) Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services (THREDDS) Data Server (TDS) MAST-DC FLUXNET Beija-flor (at ORNL) You may experience problems signing-in or registering with our Web site.

94

Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for October 2010 through January 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10)/2 10)/2 Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for October 2010 through January 2011 November 2010 Energy Information Administration Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. E nergy Information Adminis tration Market As s es s ment of P lanned R

95

A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2012 August 2012 A Review of Power Outages and Restoration Following the June 2012 Derecho Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy For Further Information This report was prepared by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under the direction of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary, and William Bryan, Deputy Assistant Secretary. Specific questions about this report may be directed to Alice Lippert, Senior Technical Advisor (alice.lippert@hq.doe.gov). (Cover image from the National Weather Service) OE/ISER 8/6/2012 1 Background On June 29, 2012, a major storm system known as a derecho ("deh-REY-cho") formed and

96

Comments from the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality on PEPCO's Intention to Commence Planned Transmission Outages  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Street address: 629 East Main Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219 Mailing address: P.O. Box 10009, Richmond, Virginia 23240 Fax (804) 698-4500 TDD (804) 698-4021 www.deq.virginia.gov W. Tayloe Murphy, Jr. Secretary of Natural Resources Robert G. Burnley Director (804) 698-4000 1-800-592-5482 January 5, 2006 The Honorable Samuel W. Bodman Secretary of Energy United States Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 Re: District of Columbia Public Service Commission Docket No. EO-05-01 Dear Secretary Bodman: The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) strongly opposes the Potomac Electric Power Company's (PEPCO) intention to commence planned maintenance outages of the

97

Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for October 2009 through January 2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

09)/2 09)/2 Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for October 2009 through January 2010 November 2009 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views herein should not be construed as representing those of the Department or the Administration. Preface and Contacts The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the independent statistical and analytical

98

Sticking Probability on Zeolites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In contrast to the rather substantial literature devoted to the sticking probabilities in these two types of systems, to the best of our knowledge, so far only in ref 11 is an estimate of the sticking probability of molecules colliding with the surface of nanoporous solids given. ... Alternatively, eqs 1 and 3 may be considered to be an immediate consequence of the central limit theorem of statistics. ... From this, a range between 0.5 and 1 appears to be the most probable range of sticking coefficients as compatible with the PFG NMR data on long-range diffusion of ethane in zeolite NaX. ...

Jean-Marc Simon; Jean-Pierre Bellat; Sergey Vasenkov; Jrg Krger

2005-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

99

Methods for Developing Emissions Scenarios for Integrated Assessment Models  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this research was to contribute data and methods to support the future development of new emissions scenarios for integrated assessment of climate change. Specifically, this research had two main objectives: 1. Use historical data on economic growth and energy efficiency changes, and develop probability density functions (PDFs) for the appropriate parameters for two or three commonly used integrated assessment models. 2. Using the parameter distributions developed through the first task and previous work, we will develop methods of designing multi-gas emission scenarios that usefully span the joint uncertainty space in a small number of scenarios. Results on the autonomous energy efficiency improvement (AEEI) parameter are summarized, an uncertainty analysis of elasticities of substitution is described, and the probabilistic emissions scenario approach is presented.

Prinn, Ronald [MIT; Webster, Mort [MIT

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

100

Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and bioenergy markets are modelled with the aim to conduct quantitative analyses on the production and costsBiofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Final report of VIEWLS WP5, modelling studies #12;Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Final report of VIEWLS WP5, modelling studies By André

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Quantum probability from decision theory?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...128. Cox, R. T. 1946 Probability, frequency, and reasonable...Finetti, B. 1972 Theory of probability, vols I and II. Wiley...1999 Quantum theory of probability and decisions. Proc. R...1972 The foundations of statistics. Dover. Von Neumann, J...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Plant Outage Time Savings Provided by Subcritical Physics Testing at Vogtle Unit 2  

SciTech Connect

The most recent core reload design verification physics testing done at Southern Nuclear Company's (SNC) Vogtle Unit 2, performed prior to initial power operations in operating cycle 12, was successfully completed while the reactor was at least 1% {delta}K/K subcritical. The testing program used was the first application of the Subcritical Physics Testing (SPT) program developed by the Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. The SPT program centers on the application of the Westinghouse Subcritical Rod Worth Measurement (SRWM) methodology that was developed in cooperation with the Vogtle Reactor Engineering staff. The SRWM methodology received U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval in August of 2005. The first application of the SPT program occurred at Vogtle Unit 2 in October of 2005. The results of the core design verification measurements obtained during the SPT program demonstrated excellent agreement with prediction, demonstrating that the predicted core characteristics were in excellent agreement with the actual operating characteristics of the core. This paper presents an overview of the SPT Program used at Vogtle Unit 2 during operating cycle 12, and a discussion of the critical path outage time savings the SPT program is capable of providing. (authors)

Cupp, Philip [Southern Nuclear Company (United States); Heibel, M.D. [Westinghouse Electric Company, LLC (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Rooftop Photovoltaics Market Penetration Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this study was to model the market penetration of rooftop photovoltaics (PV) in the United States under a variety of scenarios, on a state-by-state basis, from 2007 to 2015.

Paidipati, J.; Frantzis, L.; Sawyer, H.; Kurrasch, A.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Probability: Theory and examples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some times the lights are shining on me. Other times I can barely see. Lately it occurs to me what a long strange trip its been. Grateful Dead In 1989 when the first edition of the book was completed, my sons David and Greg were 3 and 1, and the cover picture showed the Dow Jones at 2650. The last twenty years have brought many changes but the song remains the same. The title of the book indicates that as we develop the theory, we will focus our attention on examples. Hoping that the book would be a useful reference for people who apply probability in their work, we have tried to emphasize the results that are important for applications, and illustrated their use with roughly 200 examples. Probability is not a spectator sport, so the book contains almost 450 exercises to challenge the reader and to deepen their understanding. The fourth edition has two major changes (in addition to a new publisher): (i) The book has been converted from TeX to LaTeX. The systematic use of labels should eventually eliminate problems with references to other points in the text. In

Rick Durrett

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies Speaker(s): Tina Kaarsberg Date: April 27, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Jayant Sathaye This talk examines the potential for several types of technologies that hitherto have not been a focus of U.S. climate technology planning. It was inspired by the latest climate science data and modeling which suggest that an abrupt warming (+10oF in 10 years), is an increasingly plausible scenario. The technologies described in the session rapidly reduce the risk of climate change and increase our ability to respond quickly. All of the technologies also have other public benefits. (Summary follows): For more information about this seminar, please contact: JoAnne Lambert 510.486.4835, or send e-mail to JMLambert@lbl.gov

106

Alternative Geothermal Power Production Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The information given in this file pertains to Argonne LCAs of the plant cycle stage for a set of ten new geothermal scenario pairs, each comprised of a reference and improved case. These analyses were conducted to compare environmental performances among the scenarios and cases. The types of plants evaluated are hydrothermal binary and flash and Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) binary and flash plants. Each scenario pair was developed by the LCOE group using GETEM as a way to identify plant operational and resource combinations that could reduce geothermal power plant LCOE values. Based on the specified plant and well field characteristics (plant type, capacity, capacity factor and lifetime, and well numbers and depths) for each case of each pair, Argonne generated a corresponding set of material to power ratios (MPRs) and greenhouse gas and fossil energy ratios.

Sullivan, John

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

107

Probabilities for Solar Siblings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have shown previously (Bobylev et al 2011) that some of the stars in the Solar neighborhood today may have originated in the same star cluster as the Sun, and could thus be called Solar Siblings. In this work we investigate the sensitivity of this result to Galactic models and to parameters of these models, and also extend the sample of orbits. There are a number of good candidates for the Sibling category, but due to the long period of orbit evolution since the break-up of the birth cluster of the Sun, one can only attach probabilities of membership. We find that up to 10% (but more likely around 1 %) of the members of the Sun's birth cluster could be still found within 100 pc from the Sun today.

Valtonen, M; Bobylev, V V; Myllari, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Description of the Scenario Machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here an updated description of the "Scenario Machine" code. This tool is used to carry out a population synthesis of binary stars. Previous version of the description can be found at http://xray.sai.msu.ru/~mystery//articles/review/contents.html

V. M. Lipunov; K. A. Postnov; M. E. Prokhorov; A. I. Bogomazov

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

109

STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATISTICS AND PHILOSOPHY OF PROBABILITY -- SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Krzysztof Burdzy University of Washington Krzysztof Burdzy Philosophy of probability #12;The search for certainty The search for certainty. On the clash of science and philosophy of probability. Preface, Table of Contents and Introduction

Burdzy, Krzysztof "Chris"

110

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

Dougherty, Daniel J.

111

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

112

Integrated scenario analysis for metal surface treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a result of new environmental legislation (EU-Solvent Directive, Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control IPPC), numerous companies from the metal surface treatment sector must reduce their emissions of organic solvents. Small enterprises will mainly employ alternative coating products with a lower content of organic solvents in process integrated measures. In large installations, improved end of pipe technologies such as waste gas treatment and application of alternative paints are utilised to meet the new emission limit values. These efforts together with tough competition on the market will lead to far-reaching changes within the sector. Predictions on future changes in the organisation and functioning of the value chain can be assisted via the methods of scenario analyses which are based on the examination of possible trends. The vertical integration of the value chain, which leads to an increasing number of large service providers that produce and apply coating materials, seems very probable. Also, a decreased number of small and medium

J. Geldermann; H. Schollenberger; O. Rentz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Entanglement cost in practical scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We quantify the one-shot entanglement cost of an arbitrary bipartite state, that is the minimum number of singlets needed by two distant parties to create a single copy of the state up to a finite accuracy, using local operations and classical communication only. This analysis, in contrast to the traditional one, pertains to scenarios of practical relevance, in which resources are finite and transformations can only be achieved approximately. Moreover, it unveils a fundamental relation between two well-known entanglement measures, namely, the Schmidt number and the entanglement of formation. Using this relation, we are able to recover the usual expression of the entanglement cost as a special case.

Francesco Buscemi; Nilanjana Datta

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

114

IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios Get Javascript Other reports in this collection Special Report on Emissions Scenarios Foreword Preface Summary for policymakers Technical Summary Chapters Chapter 1: Background and Overview Chapter 2: An Overview of the Scenario Literature Chapter 3: Scenario Driving Forces Chapter 4: An Overview of Scenarios Chapter 5: Emission Scenarios Chapter 6: Summary Discussions and Recommendations Appendices index I: SRES Terms of Reference: New IPCC Emission Scenarios II: SRES Writing Team and SRES Reviewers III: Definition of SRES World Region IV: Six Modeling Approaches V: Database Description VI: Open Process VII Data tables VIII Acronyms and Abbreviations IX Chemical Symbols X Units XI Glossary of Terms XII List of Major IPCC Reports

115

Addressing an Uncertain Future Using Scenario Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a scenario may be an oil price hike in a future year, whichon the impact of high oil prices on the global economy (seethe scenario of a high oil price (of US$35/barrel, which is

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Probability of sea level rise  

SciTech Connect

The report develops probability-based projections that can be added to local tide-gage trends to estimate future sea level at particular locations. It uses the same models employed by previous assessments of sea level rise. The key coefficients in those models are based on subjective probability distributions supplied by a cross-section of climatologists, oceanographers, and glaciologists.

Titus, J.G.; Narayanan, V.K.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Scenario generation and applications in energy planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 1, 2012 ... Keywords: stochastic programming, multistage, energy planning, scenario tree construction. Category 1: Stochastic Programming. Citation:...

Michal Kaut

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Organizational scenarios for the use of learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organizational scenarios for the use of learning objects Henry Hermans and Fred de Vries October 2006 Learning objects in practice 2 #12;Organizational scenarios for the use of learning objects page 2 of 22 Colophon Organizational scenario's for the use of learning objects Learning objects in practice 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: 2013 Outlook for Gulf of Mexico Hurricane-Related Production Outages  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2013 Outlook for Gulf of Mexico 2013 Outlook for Gulf of Mexico Hurricane-Related Production Outages June 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | STEO Supplement: 2013 Hurricane Outlook i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other federal agencies. June 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration | STEO Supplement: 2013 Hurricane Outlook 1

120

Selection of minimum earthquake intensity in calculating pipe failure probabilities  

SciTech Connect

In a piping reliability analysis, it is sometimes necessary to specify a minimum ground motion intensity, usually the peak acceleration, below which the ground motions are not considered as earthquakes and, hence, are neglected. The calculated probability of failure of a piping system is dependent on this selected minimum earthquake intensity chosen for the analysis. A study was conducted to determine the effects of the minimum earthquake intensity on the probability of pipe failure. The results indicated that the probability of failure of the piping system is not very sensitive to the variations of the selected minimum peak ground acceleration. However, it does have significant effects on various scenarios that make up the system failure.

Lo, T.Y.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Three possible scenarios for cleaner automobiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quivering observed towards the alternative motorisations could be the starter of at least three scenarios. In the scenario of diversity, each automobile producer will be able to find its regional niche. In the scenario of progressiveness, only most powerful carmakers will survive. In the scenario of rupture, the newcomers and the innovating enterprises will have the possibility to engage a true 'second automobile revolution'. The winning scenario will prevail not because of its technical superiority or of its best environmental performances, but initially because of energy geopolicies and of firm profit strategies. For these reasons, the third scenario, which appears today most random, could impose, as the improbable petrol car scenario imposed one century ago.

Michel Freyssenet

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNLs ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

Benchmarking MapReduce Implementations for Application Usage Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implementations for Application Usage Scenarios Zachariareal- world application usage scenarios, including data-implementations under different usage scenarios. We link the

Fadika, Zacharia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Hydrogen and FCV Implementation Scenarios, 2010 - 2025 | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and FCV Implementation Scenarios, 2010 - 2025 Hydrogen and FCV Implementation Scenarios, 2010 - 2025 Presentation by DOE's Sig Gronich at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for...

125

EWO Meeting March 2014 Multi-Stage Scenario Tree Generation via  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price · Production yield · Unplanned plant shutdown ­ Stochastic Programming with Recourse is a powerful and probabilities · Use of historical data and forecasts (data-driven approach) · Quality of scenario tree quality.) ­ Historical data and forecasts of product demand (uncertain parameter) · Objectives ­ Generate multi

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

126

2010- 2025 Scenario Analysis and Transition Strategies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Sig Gronich at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting on August 9 - 10, 2006 in Washington, D.C.

127

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy scenarios to explore alternative energy pathways indo not include the alternative energy pathways (such asmodeling to investigate alternative energy supply strategies

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Transport Test Problems for Radiation Detection Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report and deliverable for the project. It is a list of the details of the test cases for radiation detection scenarios.

Shaver, Mark W.; Miller, Erin A.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Benjamin S.

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

129

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle Conventional and Alternative Fuel Response Simulatormodified to include alternative fuel demand scenarios (whichvehicle adoption and alternative fuel demand) later in the

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Optimization Online - Dynamic Generation of Scenario Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 3, 2014 ... Abstract: We present new algorithms for the dynamic generation of scenario trees for multistage stochastic optimization. The different methods...

G. Ch. Pflug

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

131

Detonation probabilities of high explosives  

SciTech Connect

The probability of a high explosive violent reaction (HEVR) following various events is an extremely important aspect of estimating accident-sequence frequency for nuclear weapons dismantlement. In this paper, we describe the development of response curves for insults to PBX 9404, a conventional high-performance explosive used in US weapons. The insults during dismantlement include drops of high explosive (HE), strikes of tools and components on HE, and abrasion of the explosive. In the case of drops, we combine available test data on HEVRs and the results of flooring certification tests to estimate the HEVR probability. For other insults, it was necessary to use expert opinion. We describe the expert solicitation process and the methods used to consolidate the responses. The HEVR probabilities obtained from both approaches are compared.

Eisenhawer, S.W.; Bott, T.F.; Bement, T.R.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

How should indicators be found for scenario monitoring ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scenario planning is a widely used approach for developing long-term strategies. The typical scenario process involves developing scenarios, identifying strategies whose success is contingent on the scenario, and monitoring ...

He, Zheng, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MACHINE MONITORING USING PROBABILITY THRESHOLDS AND SYSTEM OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Stephen M a discrete-part production machine, with the objective of effectively determining when to shut the machine analysis: a) There is an underlying time interval that characterizes the operation of the machine, most

Pollock, Stephen

134

Quantum Probability from Decision Theory?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deutsch has recently (in quant-ph/9906015) offered a justification, based only on the non-probabilistic axioms of quantum theory and of classical decision theory, for the use of the standard quantum probability rules. In this note, this justification is examined.

J. Finkelstein

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Illustrative Scenarios Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illustrative Scenarios Tool Illustrative Scenarios Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Illustrative Scenarios Tool Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Focus Area: GHG Inventory Development Topics: Analysis Tools Website: www.eutransportghg2050.eu/cms/illustrative-scenarios-tool/ The SULTAN (SUstainabLe TrANsport) Illustrative Scenarios Tool is a high-level calculator to help provide estimates of the possible impacts of policy on transport in the European Union. The tool allows quick scoping of a range of transport policy options to help understand what scale of action might be required and may also be used as part of the analysis for final technical outputs of a project. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

136

Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://journals.cambridge.org/PES Additional services for Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences: Email alerts: Click here Electric Power Service with Irreversible Early Notification. Probability in the EngineeringProbability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences http

Oren, Shmuel S.

137

Risk assessment for the Waste Technologies Industries (WTI) hazardous waste incineration facility (East Liverpool, Ohio). Volume 7. Accident analysis; selection and assessment of potential release scenarios  

SciTech Connect

In this part of the assessment, several accident scenarios are identified that could result in significant releases of chemicals into the environment. These scenarios include ruptures of storage tanks, large magnitude on-site spills, mixing of incompatible wastes, and off-site releases caused by tranpsortation accidents. In evaluating these scenarios, both probability and consequence are assessed, so that likelihood of occurrence is coupled with magnitude of effect in characterizing short term risks.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Review of Probability Random Variable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at close 4) Height of wheel going over a rocky road #12;3 Random Variable Non-examples 1) `Heads' or `Tails' on coin 2) Red or Black ball from urn But we can make these into RV's Basic Idea ­ don't know · Temperature · Wheel height #12;5 Given Continuous RV X... What is the probability that X = x0 ? Oddity : P

Fowler, Mark

139

Climate change, scenarios and marine biodiversity conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the utility of qualitative scenario approaches to examine the potential impacts of climate change on marine biodiversity conservation on the east coast of Australia. This region is large and diverse, with considerable variation in marine biodiversity and, concomitantly, considerable diversity in the likely impacts from climate change. The results reinforce a number of key points. Engaging with stakeholders in scenario planning provides not only a focus to discuss the future in a disciplined way, but also provides ongoing reference points for contemporary decision making and planning. The paper illustrates how qualitative scenario planning provides opportunities to address the challenges of marine biodiversity conservation in a changing environment.

Marcus Haward; Julie Davidson; Michael Lockwood; Marc Hockings; Lorne Kriwoken; Robyn Allchin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Just Enough Probability Alan R. Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

statistical probability, the relative frequency with which an event occurs in the long run. The second stud has recently become important in statistics. The focus here is on sta- tistical probability, which hasJust Enough Probability Alan R. Rogers September 8, 2014 Chapter Contents 1 Probability 1 1

Rogers, Alan R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Just Enough Probability Alan R. Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

statistical probability, the relative frequency with which an event occurs in the long run. The second stud has recently become important in statistics. The focus here is on sta- tistical probability, which hasJust Enough Probability Alan R. Rogers September 26, 2013 Chapter Contents 1 Probability 1 1

Rogers, Alan R.

142

Scenario-Based design of ambient intelligence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper scenario-based design approach for development of Ambient Intelligence (AmI) is described. Design of any concept is based on communication between different stakeholders. Furthermore design of these concepts should be grounded heavily to ...

Veikko Ikonen; Marketta Niemel; Eija Kaasinen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Failure Scenario FMEA: Theoretical and Applicative Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to give a new growth perspective of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis that can be called Expected Costs of Failure Scenarios. Traditional FMEA discipline has been used to evaluate Failure ... t...

E. Locatelli; N. Valsecchi; G. Maccarini

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050 RyanCEC (2003a) California energy demand 2003-2013 forecast.CEC (2005a) California energy demand 2006-2016: Staff energy

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Workforce management strategies in a disaster scenario.  

SciTech Connect

A model of the repair operations of the voice telecommunications network is used to study labor management strategies under a disaster scenario where the workforce is overwhelmed. The model incorporates overtime and fatigue functions and optimizes the deployment of the workforce based on the cost of the recovery and the time it takes to recover. The analysis shows that the current practices employed in workforce management in a disaster scenario are not optimal and more strategic deployment of that workforce is beneficial.

Kelic, Andjelka; Turk, Adam L.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Calculation of SY tank annulus continuous air monitor readings after postulated leak scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work was to determine whether or not a continuous air monitor (CAM) monitoring the annulus of one of the SY Tanks would be expected to alarm after three postulated leak scenarios. Using data and references provided by Lockheed Martin`s Tank Farm personnel, estimated CAM readings were calculated at specific times after the postulated scenarios might have occurred. Potential CAM readings above background at different times were calculated for the following leak scenarios: Leak rate of 0.01 gal/min; Leak rate of 0.03 gal/min (best estimate of the maximum probable leak rate from a single-shell tank); and Leak of 73 gal (equivalent to a {1/4}-in. leak on the floor of the annulus). The equation used to make the calculations along with descriptions and/or explanations of the terms are included, as is a list of the assumptions and/or values used for the calculations.

Kenoyer, J.L.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Global Fits of the Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Scenario  

SciTech Connect

In theories with Universal Extra-Dimensions (UED), the {gamma}{sub 1} particle, first excited state of the hypercharge gauge boson, provides an excellent Dark Matter (DM) candidate. Here we use a modified version of the SuperBayeS code to perform a Bayesian analysis of the minimal UED scenario, in order to assess its detectability at accelerators and with DM experiments. We derive in particular the most probable range of mass and scattering cross sections off nucleons, keeping into account cosmological and electroweak precision constraints. The consequences for the detectability of the {gamma}{sub 1} with direct and indirect experiments are dramatic. The spin-independent cross section probability distribution peaks at {approx} 10{sup -11} pb, i.e. below the sensitivity of ton-scale experiments. The spin-dependent cross-section drives the predicted neutrino flux from the center of the Sun below the reach of present and upcoming experiments. The only strategy that remains open appears to be direct detection with ton-scale experiments sensitive to spin-dependent cross-sections. On the other hand, the LHC with 1 fb{sup -1} of data should be able to probe the current best-fit UED parameters.

Bertone, Gianfranco; /Zurich U. /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC /Kansas U.; de Austri, Roberto Ruiz; /Valencia U., IFIC; Trotta, Roberto; /Imperial Coll., London

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape...

149

Multi-stage Stochastic Linear Programming: Scenarios Versus Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

average scenario). In the ELP approach, the potentially huge scenario tree of the SLP approach is ...... [13] J. Gondzio, R. Sarkissian, and J.-Ph. Vial. Parallel...

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Refinery Outages: Fall 2014  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

well- supplied with middle distillate fuel oil, not only from Europe but also from Russia, India and the Middle East. As a result, planned maintenance this fall at Eastern...

151

Technical assessment of community solar future scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The Kent Solar Project goal is to develop energy future scenarios for the community based upon the input of a cross-section of the population. It has been primarily a non-technical development in an attempt to gain community commitment. Social/political/economic issues have been identified as the key obstacles in fulfilling the future scenarios. To communicate the feasibility of solar energy in Kent, Ohio an analysis of the economic potential for solar energy was developed. The Solar Project calls for 25 per cent reduction of present fossil fuel quantities in 1990, achievable by conservation measures, and a 50 per cent reduction in 2000, which necessitates solar technology implementation. The technical analysis is demonstrating the future scenarios to be both feasible and economically wise. The technical assessment requires an in-depth data base of existing comsumption which is not easily identifiable.

Kremers, J.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free probability and combinatorics Preliminary version Michael Anshelevich c 2012 December 4, 2012 #12;Preface These notes were used in a topics course Free probability and combinatorics taught topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 Free

Anshelevich, Michael

153

Analytical study of thermonuclear reaction probability integrals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic study of the reaction probability integralscorresponding to the various forms of the slowly varyingcross-section factor S(E) is attempted. Exact expressions forreaction probability integrals are expre...

M.Aslam Chaudhry; H.J. Haubold; A.M. Mathai

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Density Perturbations in the Ekpyrotic Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the generation of density perturbations in the ekpyrotic scenario for the early universe, including gravitational backreaction. We expose interesting subtleties that apply to both inflationary and ekpyrotic models. Our analysis includes a detailed proposal of how the perturbations generated in a contracting phase may be matched across a `bounce' to those in an expanding hot big bang phase. For the physical conditions relevant to the ekpyrotic scenario, we re-obtain our earlier result of a nearly scale-invariant spectrum of energy density perturbations. We find that the perturbation amplitude is typically small, as desired to match observation.

Justin Khoury; Burt A. Ovrut; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2001-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

155

Business model scenarios in mobile advertising  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In connection with advances in wireless technology, mobile advertising (m-advertising) has been identified one of the most promising potential business areas. Even though it offers revenue-generating opportunities for a number of different actors, the possibilities have not been utilised or studied. The purpose of this paper is to explore what kind of business network could evolve around a novel m-advertising service. Using a scenario planning method, this study suggests four network models, each describing three elements, for example, the mobile service, the roles of the actors and the value-creating exchanges between them. This study also evaluates the scenarios by discussing their value creation potential.

Hanna Komulainen; Tuija Mainela; Jaakko Sinisalo; Jaana Tahtinen; Pauliina Ulkuniemi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Probability distributions Statistical Estimation Kalman Filter Fisher Information Matrix Akaike Information Criterion Probabilities and Statistical Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probability distributions Statistical Estimation Kalman Filter Fisher Information Matrix Akaike Information Criterion Probabilities and Statistical Estimation Chapter 3 University of Amsterdam #12;Probability distributions Statistical Estimation Kalman Filter Fisher Information Matrix Akaike Information

Dorst, Leo

157

8th International Conference on Probability Methods Applied to Power Systems, Ames Iowa, September 2004 Estimating Failure Propagation in Models of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a power systems blackout model of cascading transmission line overloads. The comparisons suggest stage. OPA is a power system blackout model that represents probabilistic cascading line outages. The initial disturbance is generated by random line outages and load variations. Overloaded lines outage

158

A Short Introduction Probability and Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Short Introduction to Probability and Statistics in Physics Grant W. Mason "Seek simplicity and the Uniform Probability Distribution Work Together . 25 2 Statistics: Pure Math Becomes Applied Math 27 2 probability and statistics, the typical undergraduate curriculum doesn't usually have room for a formal course

Hart, Gus

159

Notes on Probability Peter J. Cameron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

probabilistic ideas in statistical inference and modelling, and the study of stochastic processes. Probability courses on probability and statistics. You need at most one of the three textbooks listed below, but you will need the statistical tables. · Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences by Jay L. De

Banaji,. Murad

160

Biomass Scenario Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Scenario Model Biomass Scenario Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: Department of Energy (DOE) Office of the Biomass Program Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: bsm.nrel.gov/ Country: United States Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Biomass Scenario Model UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Shrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global population it will not be a game-changer. #12;Measures for changes in total births 1. TotalShrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario or a current challenge. Hillel Bar of RSAI - Atlanta November 15, 2013 #12;The evolution of global population Year Global Population

Nagurney, Anna

162

Managing Innovation: A Multidisciplinary Scenario Development Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prescribed innovation methods, inovation is as much about a social process and context as it is a systematicManaging Innovation: A Multidisciplinary Scenario Development Approach Esmond Urwin1 , Michael Henshaw1 1 Systems Engineering Innovation Centre, Holywell Park, Loughborough University, Loughborough

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

Disruption Scenarios, their Mitigation and Operation Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and blanket (modeled by boxes with net toroidal current being forced zero;right lower figure) - Divertor representative disruption scenarios calculated with the DINA code based on the latest physics guidelines equilibrium calculation - Transport and current diffusion in the plasma (1D averaged on flux surface

164

Preview of Scenario Planning & Collaborative Modeling Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, changes over time." - Global Business Network #12;Jakali Nokandeh When it comes to climate change, we don and consider the pressures they play. Climate Variable General Change Expected Confidence Level Temperature and quantitative data and information. · Both are communication tools #12;What are Scenarios? · Stories about

165

FINAL REPORT EXPOSURE SCENARIOS FOR USE IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINAL REPORT EXPOSURE SCENARIOS FOR USE IN ESTIMATING RADIATION DOSES TO THE PUBLIC FROM HISTORICAL for use in the estimation of doses to reference individuals due to atmospheric releases of radionuclides). This report was prepared in response to Task 3 of the INEL dose reconstruction study commissioned

166

ALTERNATIVE JET FUEL SCENARIO ANALYSIS Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and considers existing and emerging fuel production technologies. The analysis also forecasts how alternative fuels might contribute to greenhouse gas goals. Based on a review of fuel production companies' stated of the most optimistic demand forecasts and the "product switch" production scenarios leads to North American

167

Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Improved liquefier, pipeline, compressors, storage, labor, indirect capital, and O&M cost estimatesImprovements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results May 8, 2007 Amgad and storage are at or adjacent to Liquid Hydrogen (LH) TruckH2 Production 100 or 1500 kg/d Compressed H2 (CH

168

Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) Screenshot Logo: Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis (SERA) SERA (Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization & Analysis) is a geospatially and temporally oriented infrastructure analysis model that determines the optimal production and delivery scenarios for hydrogen, given resource availability and technology cost. Given annual H2 demands on a city-by-city basis, forecasts of feedstock costs, and a catalog of available hydrogen production and transportation technologies, the model generates

169

A new scenario framework for Climate Change Research: Scenario matrix architecture  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the scenario matrix architecture as part of the new scenario framework for climate change research. The matrix architecture focuses on a key question of current climate research, namely the identification of trade-offs and synergies (in terms of risks, costs and other consequences) of different adaptation and mitigation strategies. The framework has two main axes: 1) the level of forcing (as represented by the RCPs) and 2) different socio-economic reference pathways. The matrix can be used as a tool to guide new scenario development and analytical analysis. It can also be used as a heuristic tool for classifying new and existing scenarios for assessment. Key elements of the architecture, in particular the shared socio-economic reference pathways and the shared policy assumptions, are elaborated in other papers in this special issue.

Van Vuuren, Detlef; Kriegler, Elmar; O'Neill, Brian; Ebi, Kristie L.; Riahi, Keywan; Carter, Tim; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Kram, Tom; Mathur, Ritu; Winkler, Harald

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Thermodynamical interpretation of gravity in braneworld scenarios  

SciTech Connect

We study the thermodynamical properties of the apparent horizon in the various braneworld scenarios. First, we show that the Friedmann equations can be written directly in the form of the first law of thermodynamics, dE = T{sub h}dS{sub h}+WdV, at apparent horizon on the brane, regardless of whether there is the intrinsic curvature term on the brane or a Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk. This procedure leads to extract an entropy expression in terms of horizon geometry associated with the apparent horizon. Then, we examine the time evolution of the total entropy, including the derived entropy of the apparent horizon and the entropy of the matter fields inside the apparent horizon. We find that the derived entropy of the apparent horizon on the brane satisfies the generalized second law of thermodynamics in braneworld scenarios. These results further support the idea that gravitation on a macroscopic scale is a manifestation of thermodynamics.

Sheykhi, Ahmad, E-mail: sheykhi@mail.uk.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University, P.O. Box 76175, Kerman (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University, P.O. Box 76175, Kerman (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Preliminary identification of potentially disruptive scenarios at the Greater Confinement Disposal Facility, Area 5 of the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Greater Confinement Disposal location is being evaluated to determine whether defense-generated transuranic waste buried at this location complies with the Containment Requirements established by the US Environmental Protection Agency. One step in determining compliance is to identify those combinations of events and processes (scenarios) that define possible future states of the disposal system for which performance assessments must be performed. An established scenario-development procedure was used to identify a comprehensive set of mutually exclusive scenarios. To assure completeness, 761 features, events, processes, and other listings (FEPS) were compiled from 11 references. This number was reduced to 205 primarily through the elimination of duplications. The 205 FEPs were screened based on site-specific, goal-specific, and regulatory criteria. Four events survived screening and were used in preliminary scenario development: (1) exploratory drilling penetrates a GCD borehole, (2) drilling of a withdrawal/injection well penetrates a GCD borehole, (3) subsidence occurs at the RWMS, and (4) irrigation occurs at the RWMS. A logic diagram was used to develop 16 scenarios from the four events. No screening of these scenarios was attempted at this time. Additional screening of the currently retained events and processes will be based on additional data and information from site-characterization activities. When screening of the events and processes is completed, a final set of scenarios will be developed and screened based on consequence and probability of occurrence.

Guzowski, R.V. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Newman, G. [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Probability and Quantum Paradigms: the Interplay  

SciTech Connect

Since the introduction of Born's interpretation of quantum wave functions as yielding the probability density of presence, Quantum Theory and Probability have lived in a troubled symbiosis. Problems arise with this interpretation because quantum probabilities exhibit features alien to usual probabilities, namely non Boolean structure and non positive-definite phase space probability densities. This has inspired research into both elaborate formulations of Probability Theory and alternate interpretations for wave functions. Herein the latter tactic is taken and a suggested variant interpretation of wave functions based on photo detection physics proposed, and some empirical consequences are considered. Although incomplete in a few details, this variant is appealing in its reliance on well tested concepts and technology.

Kracklauer, A. F. [Bauhaus Universitaet, PF 2040, 99401 Weimar (Germany)

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

173

Quintom scenario with mixed kinetic terms  

SciTech Connect

We examine an extension of the quintom scenario of dark energy, in which a canonical scalar field and a phantom field are coupled through a kinetic interaction. We perform a phase-space analysis and show that the kinetic coupling gives rise to novel cosmological behavior. In particular, we obtain both quintessence-like and phantomlike late-time solutions, as well as solutions that cross the phantom divide during the evolution of the Universe.

Saridakis, Emmanuel N. [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065 (China); Weller, Joel M. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Sheffield, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Danish Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scenarios for 2020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.4 ECONOMIC GROWTH 51 2.5 GROWTH IN ENERGY SERVICES 52 2.6 FUEL PRICES 53 2.7 CO2-PRICE 54 2.8 TECHNOLOGY DATADanish Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scenarios for 2020 and 2050 February 2008 Prepared by Ea Energy 54 2.9 ENERGY RESOURCES 55 3 DANISH GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION 58 3.1 GREENHOUSE GAS SOURCES 58 4

175

Bounds on long-baseline ?e??e and ?(-)???(-)e transition probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss long-baseline neutrino oscillations in the framework of the two 4-neutrino schemes which can accommodate all existing neutrino oscillation data. Negative results of short-baseline reactor and accelerator experiments allow us to obtain rather strong bounds on the long-baseline ?e??e and ?(-)???(-)e transition probabilities. We consider in detail matter effects and show that the vacuum bounds are not substantially modified. We also comment on corresponding bounds in 3-neutrino scenarios.

S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; W. Grimus

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Numerical simulation investigations in weapon delivery probabilities .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study of weapon delivery probabilities has historically been focused around analytical solutions and approximations for weapon delivery accuracy and effectiveness calculations. With the relatively (more)

Peterson, Kristofer A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Probability, Statistics, and the Theory of Errors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 June 1933 research-article Probability, Statistics, and the Theory of Errors Harold Jeffreys The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access...

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

An Experiment on Graph Analysis Methodologies for Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Visual graph representations are increasingly used to represent, display, and explore scenarios and the structure of organizations. The graph representations of scenarios are readily understood, and commercial software is available to create and manage these representations. The purpose of the research presented in this paper is to explore whether these graph representations support quantitative assessments of the underlying scenarios. The underlying structure of the scenarios is the information that is being targeted in the experiment and the extent to which the scenarios are similar in content. An experiment was designed that incorporated both the contents of the scenarios and analysts graph representations of the scenarios. The scenarios content was represented graphically by analysts, and both the structure and the semantics of the graph representation were attempted to be used to understand the content. The structure information was not found to be discriminating for the content of the scenarios in this experiment; but, the semantic information was discriminating.

Brothers, Alan J.; Whitney, Paul D.; Wolf, Katherine E.; Kuchar, Olga A.; Chin, George

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Focus Area: Propane Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.eutransportghg2050.eu/cms/illustrative-scenarios-tool/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/illustrative-scenarios-tool-european- Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Regulations: Emissions Standards The SUstainabLe TrANsport (SULTAN) Illustrative Scenarios Tool is a high-level calculator to help provide estimates of the possible impacts of

180

ASYMPTOTIC RUIN PROBABILITIES AND OPTIMAL INVESTMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASYMPTOTIC RUIN PROBABILITIES AND OPTIMAL INVESTMENT J. GAIER, P. GRANDITS, AND W. SCHACHERMAYER allowed to invest in some stock market, modeled by geometric Brownian motion. We obtain an exact analogue of the classical estimate for the ruin probability without investment, i.e. an exponential inequality. The exponent

Schachermayer, Walter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.

M. A. Chaudhry; H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

2000-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced tokamak scenario Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scenario Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced tokamak scenario...

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced tokamak scenarios Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scenarios Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced tokamak scenarios...

184

NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=553682"

185

Scenario Technique with Integer Programming for Sustainability in Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scenario technique is a tool to reveal the knowledge of an expert group about possible and consistent scenarios of the future. The current use of this technique suffers from an inflexibility of the available s...

Armin Fgenschuh; Pia Gausemeier

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A Bayesian Probability Calculus for Density Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main concepts in quantum physics is a density matrix, which is a symmetric positive definite matrix of trace one. Finite probability distributions are a special case where the density matrix is restricted to be diagonal. Density matrices are mixtures of dyads, where a dyad has the form uu' for any any unit column vector u. These unit vectors are the elementary events of the generalized probability space. Perhaps the simplest case to see that something unusual is going on is the case of uniform density matrix, i.e. 1/n times identity. This matrix assigns probability 1/n to every unit vector, but of course there are infinitely many of them. The new normalization rule thus says that sum of probabilities over any orthonormal basis of directions is one. We develop a probability calculus based on these more general distributions that includes definitions of joints, conditionals and formulas that relate these, i.e. analogs of the theorem of total probability, various Bayes rules for the calculation of posterior density matrices, etc. The resulting calculus parallels the familiar 'classical' probability calculus and always retains the latter as a special case when all matrices are diagonal. Whereas the classical Bayesian methods maintain uncertainty about which model is 'best', the generalization maintains uncertainty about which unit direction has the largest variance. Surprisingly the bounds also generalize: as in the classical setting we bound the negative log likelihood of the data by the negative log likelihood of the MAP estimator.

Manfred K. Warmuth; Dima Kuzmin

2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

187

Questioning Inevitability of Energy Pathways: Alternative Energy Scenarios for California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Questioning Inevitability of Energy Pathways: Alternative Energy Scenarios for California May 21.6.4 Alternative Scenario 3 ­ Patriotic Energy Independence Section 3: Developing the Scenario Model and Examining, 2002 by Rebecca Ghanadan rebeccag@socrates.berkeley.edu The Energy and Resources Group University

Kammen, Daniel M.

188

SLIGHTLY MORE REALISTIC PERSONAL PROBABILITY IAN HACKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SLIGHTLY MORE REALISTIC PERSONAL PROBABILITY IAN HACKING Makerere U~ziversityCollege A person's work are to this article. #12;312 I&? HACKING The third one, though it will appeal to logicians, might

Fitelson, Branden

189

An Incentive Approach to Eliciting Probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A decision maker (e. g., the Nuclear Regulatory Commission) seeks an experts probabilities for uncertain quantities of interest (e. g., a seismologists forecast of earthquakes), and wants the experts reward...

Ross D. Shachter

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings factors in developing different energy scenarios for the US and elsewhere (Schipper & Meyers, 1993). More economic and population growth worldwide to look at energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (Carter

Diamond, Richard

191

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings energy scenarios for the US and elsewhere (Schipper & Meyers, 1993). More recently, the Intergovernmental worldwide to look at energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (Carter et al., 2000). By developing

192

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/node/256 Language: English Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Screenshot References: Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies[1] Tool Overview "This guidebook is part of a series of manuals, guidebooks, and toolkits that draw upon the experience and information generated by UNDP's support

193

Quantum Probability and Decision Theory, Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extended analysis is given of the program, originally suggested by Deutsch, of solving the probability problem in the Everett interpretation by means of decision theory. Deutsch's own proof is discussed, and alternatives are presented which are based upon different decision theories and upon Gleason's Theorem. It is argued that decision theory gives Everettians most or all of what they need from `probability'. Some consequences of (Everettian) quantum mechanics for decision theory itself are also discussed.

David Wallace

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

194

Combined Estimation of Hydrogeologic Conceptual Model, Parameter, and Scenario Uncertainty with Application to Uranium Transport at the Hanford Site 300 Area  

SciTech Connect

This report to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) describes the development and application of a methodology to systematically and quantitatively assess predictive uncertainty in groundwater flow and transport modeling that considers the combined impact of hydrogeologic uncertainties associated with the conceptual-mathematical basis of a model, model parameters, and the scenario to which the model is applied. The methodology is based on a n extension of a Maximum Likelihood implementation of Bayesian Model Averaging. Model uncertainty is represented by postulating a discrete set of alternative conceptual models for a site with associated prior model probabilities that reflect a belief about the relative plausibility of each model based on its apparent consistency with available knowledge and data. Posterior model probabilities are computed and parameter uncertainty is estimated by calibrating each model to observed system behavior; prior parameter estimates are optionally included. Scenario uncertainty is represented as a discrete set of alternative future conditions affecting boundary conditions, source/sink terms, or other aspects of the models, with associated prior scenario probabilities. A joint assessment of uncertainty results from combining model predictions computed under each scenario using as weight the posterior model and prior scenario probabilities. The uncertainty methodology was applied to modeling of groundwater flow and uranium transport at the Hanford Site 300 Area. Eight alternative models representing uncertainty in the hydrogeologic and geochemical properties as well as the temporal variability were considered. Two scenarios represent alternative future behavior of the Columbia River adjacent to the site were considered. The scenario alternatives were implemented in the models through the boundary conditions. Results demonstrate the feasibility of applying a comprehensive uncertainty assessment to large-scale, detailed groundwater flow and transport modeling and illustrate the benefits of the methodology I providing better estimates of predictive uncertiay8, quantitative results for use in assessing risk, and an improved understanding of the system behavior and the limitations of the models.

Meyer, Philip D.; Ye, Ming; Rockhold, Mark L.; Neuman, Shlomo P.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

195

Emergence in Holographic Scenarios for Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'Holographic' relations between theories have become an important theme in quantum gravity research. These relations entail that a theory without gravity is equivalent to a gravitational theory with an extra spatial dimension. The idea of holography was first proposed in 1993 by Gerard 't Hooft on the basis of his studies of evaporating black holes. Soon afterwards the holographic 'AdS/CFT' duality was introduced, which since has been intensively studied in the string theory community and beyond. Recently, Erik Verlinde has proposed that even Newton's law of gravitation can be related holographically to the 'thermodynamics of information' on screens. We discuss these scenarios, with special attention to the status of the holographic relation in them and to the question of whether they make gravity and spacetime emergent. We conclude that only Verlinde's scheme straightfowardly instantiates emergence. However, assuming a non-standard interpretation of AdS/CFT may create room for the emergence of spacetime and ...

Dieks, Dennis; de Haro, Sebastian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Addressing an Uncertain Future Using Scenario Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has had a longstanding goal of introducing uncertainty into the analysis it routinely conducts in compliance with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) and for strategic management purposes. The need to introduce some treatment of uncertainty arises both because it would be good general management practice, and because intuitively many of the technologies under development by EERE have a considerable advantage in an uncertain world. For example, an expected kWh output from a wind generator in a future year, which is not exposed to volatile and unpredictable fuel prices, should be truly worth more than an equivalent kWh from an alternative fossil fuel fired technology. Indeed, analysts have attempted to measure this value by comparing the prices observed in fixed-price natural gas contracts compared to ones in which buyers are exposed to market prices (see Bolinger, Wiser, and Golove and (2004)). In addition to the routine reasons for exploring uncertainty given above, the history of energy markets appears to have exhibited infrequent, but troubling, regime shifts, i.e., historic turning points at which the center of gravity or fundamental nature of the system appears to have abruptly shifted. Figure 1 below shows an estimate of how the history of natural gas fired generating costs has evolved over the last three decades. The costs shown incorporate both the well-head gas price and an estimate of how improving generation technology has gradually tended to lower costs. The purpose of this paper is to explore scenario analysis as a method for introducing uncertainty into EERE's forecasting in a manner consistent with the preceding observation. The two questions are how could it be done, and what is its academic basis, if any. Despite the interest in uncertainty methods, applying them poses some major hurdles because of the heavy reliance of EERE on forecasting tools that are deterministic in nature, such as the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the source of the influential Annual Energy Outlook whose business-as-usual (BAU) case, the Reference Case, forms the baseline for most of the U.S. energy policy discussion. NEMS is an optimizing model because: 1. it iterates to an equilibrium among modules representing the supply, demand, and energy conversion subsectors; and 2. several subsectoral models are individually solved using linear programs (LP). Consequently, it is deeply rooted in the recent past and any effort to simulate the consequences of a major regime shift as depicted in Figure 1 must come by applying an exogenously specified scenario. And, more generally, simulating futures that lie outside of our recent historic experience, even if they do not include regime switches suggest some form of scenario approach. At the same time, the statistical validity of scenarios that deviate significantly outside the ranges of historic inputs should be questioned.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Using tensor calculus for scenario modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the benefits of sparse tensor calculus for finite-difference techniques that are widely applied to Integrated Assessment (IA). Using a tensor toolbox for Matlab, we have developed efficient code for progressing a system of state variables connected by a large variety of interaction types. Using a small example of twenty variables across three countries, we demonstrate how the tensor formalism allows not only for compact and fast scenario modelling, but also for straightforward implementation of sensitivity and Monte-Carlo analyses, as well as Structural Decomposition Analysis. In particular, we show how sparse tensor code can be exploited in order to search for potentially important, but yet unknown relationships in the interaction network between all variables.

Manfred Lenzen; Bonnie McBain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Microsoft Word - Price Probabilities Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 April 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Probabilities of Possible Future Prices 1 EIA introduced a monthly analysis of energy price volatility and forecast uncertainty in the October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Included in the analysis were charts portraying confidence intervals around the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) futures prices of West Texas Intermediate (equivalent to light sweet crude oil) and Henry Hub natural gas contracts. The March 2010 STEO added another set of charts listing the probability of the future realized price exceeding or falling below given price levels (see Figures 1A and 1B for West Texas Intermediate crude oil price probabilities). These charts are also available as spreadsheets allowing users to input their own prices to

199

Derivation of quantum probabilities from deterministic evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The predictions of quantum mechanics are probabilistic. Quantum probabilities are extracted using a postulate of the theory called the Born rule, the status of which is central to the "measurement problem" of quantum mechanics. Efforts to justify the Born rule from other physical principles, and thus elucidate the measurement process, have involved lengthy statistical or information-theoretic arguments. Here we show that Bohm's deterministic formulation of quantum mechanics allows the Born rule for measurements on a single system to be derived, without any statistical assumptions. We solve a simple example where the creation of an ensemble of identical quantum states, together with position measurements on those states, are described by Bohm's quantum dynamics. The calculated measurement outcomes agree with the Born-rule probabilities, which are thus a consequence of deterministic evolution. Our results demonstrate that quantum probabilities can emerge from simple dynamical laws alone, and they support the view that there is no underlying indeterminism in quantum phenomena.

T. G. Philbin

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H2A Delivery Scenario Model H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses Marianne Mintz and Jerry Gillette DOE Hydrogen Delivery Analysis and High Pressure Tanks R&D Project Review Meeting February 8, 2005 2 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Topics * Delivery Scenarios - Current status - Future scenarios * Delivery Scenarios model - Approach - Structure - Current status - Results * Pipeline modeling - Approach - Key assumptions - Results * Next Steps 3 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Delivery Scenarios 4 Pioneering Science and Technology Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Three-Quarters of the US Population Reside in Urbanized Areas East of the Mississippi there are many large, proximate urban areas. In the West

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database Agency/Company /Organization: Science for Global Insight Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.iiasa.ac.at/web-apps/ggi/GgiDb/dsd?Action=htmlpage&page=about Cost: Free References: Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database[1] The GGI (Greenhouse Gas Initiative) scenario database documents the results of a set of greenhouse gas emission scenarios that were created using the IIASA Integrated Assessment Modeling Framework and previously documented in a special issue of the Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

202

Human errors and structural failure probability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predicting the influence of human errors on structural failure probability is the topic of this paper. There are two principal reasons for needing this information. First, if errors are present after the design of a structure is completed, as is generally the case, this will provide the engineer with a measure of what effect such errors will have on the structural safety. Second, this information is directly useful in the optimisation of quality assurance expenditures, which can effectively be used for controlling the probability of structural failure due to errors. Simplified probabilistic models are developed to integrate human errors into structural risk assessment. Numerical examples illustrate the sensitivity of structural safety to errors.

Dan M. Frangopol

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Modern Probability Theory and Its Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROBABILITY LAWS. . . . . . . . . . 380 I AREA UNDER THE NORMAL DENSITY FUNCTION; A TABLE OF 441 (x) = 1 IX e-Y,y2 dy. "';271" -o:l II BINOMIAL PROBABILITIES; A TABLE OF (:) pX(l - p)"-X, FOR n = 1,2, ... , 10, AND VARIOUS VALUES OF P . . . . . . . 442... the sample description space S. To describe S in the example at hand, we write (3.2) S = {2-tuples (x, y): x is any integer, 1 to 200, y is any integer, 1 to 200}. We have the following notation for forming sets. We draw two braces to indicate that a set...

Parzen, Emanuel

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

What is a Natural SUSY scenario?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The idea of "Natural SUSY", understood as a supersymmetric scenario where the fine-tuning is as mild as possible, is a reasonable guide to explore supersymmetric phenomenology. In this paper, we re-examine this issue including several improvements, such as the mixing of the fine-tuning conditions for different soft terms and the presence of potential extra fine-tunings that must be combined with the electroweak one. We give tables and plots that allow to easily evaluate the fine-tuning and the corresponding naturalness bounds for any theoretical model defined at any high-energy (HE) scale. Then, we analyze in detail the complete fine-tuning bounds for the unconstrained MSSM, defined at any HE scale. We show that Natural SUSY does {\\em not} demand light stops. Actually, an average stop mass below 800~GeV is disfavored, though one of the stops might be very light. Regarding phenomenology, the most stringent upper bound from naturalness is the one on the gluino mass, which typically sets the present level fine-t...

Casas, J Alberto; Robles, Sandra; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof; Zaldivar, Bryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios given by Sigmund Gronich of DOE during the DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

206

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Formulating Climate Change...

207

Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sub-national Planners Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for Sub-national Planners...

208

Optimization Online - The Worst-case Wind Power Scenario for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2014 ... The Worst-case Wind Power Scenario for Adaptive Robust Unit Commitment Problems. German Morales-Espaa(gmorales ***at*** kth.se).

German Morales-Espaa

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

209

A Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single Buildings Authors: Elizabeth J. Kelly and Raymond N. Tell Intended Use: Handout for DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop,...

210

A Method for Evaluating Fire after Earthquake Scenarios for Single...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single Buildings Elizabeth J. Kelly and Raymond N. Tell, LANL U.S. Department of Energy Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop...

211

A Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single Buildings Elizabeth J. Kelly and Raymond N. Tell, LANL U.S. Department of Energy Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop...

212

A scenario decomposition algorithm for 0-1 stochastic programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 19, 2013 ... Abstract: We propose a scenario decomposition algorithm for stochastic 0-1 programs. The algorithm recovers an optimal solution by iteratively...

Shabbir Ahmed

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Reliable Muddle: Transportation Scenarios for the 80% Greenhouse...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(FE) Fuel Carbon Intensity (CI) * Detailed Scenarios * VISION tool Part 2: Major LDV GHG Abatement Strategy: A Portfolio Approach * Policy interactions and the technology...

214

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Development of Sea Level Rise...

215

Topologies to geometries in protein folding: Hierarchical and nonhierarchical scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topologies to geometries in protein folding: Hierarchical and nonhierarchical scenarios Ariel Ferna presents a method to portray protein folding dynamics at a coarse resolution, based on a pattern

Berry, R. Stephen

216

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios (Abstract): Solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia have not been given due attention in the past. Some of...

217

Towards a Ubiquitous Semantics of Interaction: phenomenology, scenarios and traces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards a Ubiquitous Semantics of Interaction: phenomenology, scenarios and traces Alan Dix does not attempt to address the whole question, but focuses on a phenomenological semantics

Dix, Alan

218

Ethiopia-National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.ens.dksitesens.dk Program Start 2011 Country Ethiopia Eastern Africa References National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baseline Scenarios: Learning from...

219

Approximating the Probability of an Itemset being Nele Dexters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gives a statistical approach to the success probability Sl, the probability that a set consisting of lApproximating the Probability of an Itemset being Frequent Nele Dexters University of Antwerp algorithms, the probability that an itemset is a candidate and the probability that a set is frequent (a

Antwerpen, Universiteit

220

Binary Matroids and Quantum Probability Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterise the probability distributions that arise from quantum circuits all of whose gates commute, and show when these distributions can be classically simulated efficiently. We consider also marginal distributions and the computation of correlation coefficients, and draw connections between the simulation of stabiliser circuits and the combinatorics of representable matroids, as developed in the 1990s.

Dan Shepherd

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Reducing the Probability of Capture into Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A migrating planet can capture planetesimals into mean motion resonances. However, resonant trapping can be prevented when the drift or migration rate is sufficiently high. Using a simple Hamiltonian system for first and second order resonances, we explore how the capture probability depends on the order of the resonance, drift rate and initial particle eccentricity. We present scaling factors as a function of the planet mass and resonance strength to estimate the planetary migration rate above which the capture probability drops to less than 1/2. Applying our framework to multiple extra solar planetary systems that have two planets locked in resonance, we estimate lower limits for the outer planet's migration rate allowing resonance capture of the inner planet. Mean motion resonances are comprised of multiple resonant subterms. We find that the corotation subterm can reduce the probability of capture when the planet eccentricity is above a critical value. We present factors that can be used to estimate this critical planet eccentricity. Applying our framework to the migration of Neptune, we find that Neptune's eccentricity is near the critical value that would make its 2:1 resonance fail to capture twotinos. The capture probability is affected by the separation between resonant subterms and so is also a function of the precession rates of the longitudes of periapse of both planet and particle near resonance.

Alice C. Quillen

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Conditional probability on a quantum logic  

SciTech Connect

We analyze two approaches to conditional probability. The first approach follows Gudder and Marchand, Maczynsky, Cassinelli and Beltrametti, Cassinelli and Truini. The second approach follows Renyi and Kalmar. The main result is a characterization of the first approach with the help of a function, similarly as in the second approach.

Nanasiova, O.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Cornell Probability Summer School Simon Tavare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cornell Probability Summer School 2006 Simon Tavar´e Lecture 6 Outline · We looked at evolution) Questions about Phylogenetic Trees · Topology of tree (the branching order) · Branch lengths (time of common Pleistocene 1 0.15 19 Middle Pleistocene 2 0.9 28 Early Pleistocene 3 1.8 22 Late Pliocene 4 3.6 47 Early

Durrett, Richard

224

Toward Interactive Scenario Analysis and Exploration.  

SciTech Connect

As Modeling and Simulation (M&S) tools have matured, their applicability and importance have increased across many national security challenges. In particular, they provide a way to test how something may behave without the need to do real world testing. However, current and future changes across several factors including capabilities, policy, and funding are driving a need for rapid response or evaluation in ways that many M&S tools cannot address. Issues around large data, computational requirements, delivery mechanisms, and analyst involvement already exist and pose significant challenges. Furthermore, rising expectations, rising input complexity, and increasing depth of analysis will only increase the difficulty of these chal- lenges. In this study we examine whether innovations in M&S software coupled with advances in %22cloud%22 computing and %22big-data%22 methodologies can overcome many of these challenges. In particular, we propose a simple, horizontally-scalable distributed computing envirnoment that could provide the foundation (i.e. %22cloud%22) for next-generation M&S-based applications based on the notion of %22parallel multi-simulation%22. In our context, the goal of parallel multi- simulation is to consider as many simultaneous paths of execution as possible. Therefore, with sufficient resources, the complexity is dominated by the cost of single scenario runs as opposed to the number of runs required. We show the feasibility of this architecture through a stable prototype implementation coupled with the Umbra Simulation Framework [6]. Finally, we highlight the utility through multiple novel analysis tools and by showing the performance improvement compared to existing tools.

Gayle, Thomas R.; Summers, Kenneth Lee [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Jungels, John; Oppel, Fred J., [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Course Information Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Course Information Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers ENG ME 366 Spring 2011 Course Description Principles of probability and statistics including events, Bayes' theorem, random probability and statistics. 2. Develop an appreciation of the fact that lack of complete, deterministic

226

An Invariant Form for the Prior Probability in Estimation Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Invariant Form for the Prior Probability in Estimation Problems...for stating the prior probability in a large class of...invariant form for the prior probability in estimation problems. | Journal Article | Statistics as Topic | STATISTICS...

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Course Information Course Name Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Course Information Course Name Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers Course Number ENG ME 366 Semester Fall 2014 Course Description Principles of probability and statistics including. Acquire knowledge of introductory probability and statistics. 2. Develop an appreciation of the fact

Lin, Xi

228

Thermal Conductivity of Composites Under Di erent Heating Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Conductivity of Composites Under Di#11;erent Heating Scenarios H.T. Banks #3; , J.H. Hogan of composites under three di#11;erent heating scenarios: (i) a laser pulse heat source, (ii) a preheated composite sample, and (iii) a continuous heat source. 1 Introduction Adhesives such as epoxies, gels

229

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios William W.L. Cheung1 References 248 Abstract Climate change can impact the pattern of marine biodiversity through changes. Pauly. 2009. Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios. Fish

Pauly, Daniel

230

Security Implications of Typical Grid Computing Usage Scenarios Marty Humphrey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security Implications of Typical Grid Computing Usage Scenarios Marty Humphrey Computer Science. A broader goal of these scenarios are to increase the awareness of security issues in Grid Computing. 1 easy and secure ac- cess to the Grid's diverse resources. Infrastructure software such as Legion [6

Thompson, Mary R.

231

Probability-Based Software for Grid Optimization: Improved Power System Operations Using Advanced Stochastic Optimization  

SciTech Connect

GENI Project: Sandia National Laboratories is working with several commercial and university partners to develop software for market management systems (MMSs) that enable greater use of renewable energy sources throughout the grid. MMSs are used to securely and optimally determine which energy resources should be used to service energy demand across the country. Contributions of electricity to the grid from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are intermittent, introducing complications for MMSs, which have trouble accommodating the multiple sources of price and supply uncertainties associated with bringing these new types of energy into the grid. Sandias software will bring a new, probability-based formulation to account for these uncertainties. By factoring in various probability scenarios for electricity production from renewable energy sources in real time, Sandias formula can reduce the risk of inefficient electricity transmission, save ratepayers money, conserve power, and support the future use of renewable energy.

None

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

232

Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CIFF-Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)) (Redirected from CIFF-Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, South Africa South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Southern Africa References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1]

233

Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Argentina South America References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile 2.2 Colombia 2.3 Peru 2.4 Brazil 2.5 Resources 2.5.1 Mitigation Action Country Studies

234

Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Colombia South America References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile 2.2 Colombia 2.3 Peru 2.4 Brazil 2.5 Resources 2.5.1 Mitigation Action Country Studies

235

Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Brazil South America References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile 2.2 Colombia 2.3 Peru 2.4 Brazil 2.5 Resources 2.5.1 Mitigation Action Country Studies

236

Ideal MHD Stability of ITER Steady State Scenarios with ITBs  

SciTech Connect

One of ITER goals is to demonstrate feasibility of continuous operations using non-inductive current drive. Two main candidates have been identified for advanced operations: the long duration, high neutron fluency hybrid scenario and the steady state scenario, both operating at a plasma current lower than the reference ELMy scenario [1][2] to minimize the required current drive. The steady state scenario targets plasmas with current 7-10 MA in the flat-top, 50% of which will be provided by the self-generated, pressure-driven bootstrap current. It has been estimated that, in order to obtain a fusion gain Q > 5 at a current of 9 MA, it should be ?N > 2.5 and H > 1.5 [3]. This implies the presence of an Internal Transport Barrier (ITB). This work discusses how the stability of steady state scenarios with ITBs is affected by the external heating sources and by perturbations of the equilibrium profiles.

F.M. Poli, C.E. Kessel, S. Jardin, J. Manickam, M. Chance, J. Chen

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

237

Logical Structure of Physical Probability Assertions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A modification and generalisation of von Plato's fix of the frequency theory of probability is presented. It is thermodynamic in nature. Von Plato already fixed the logical circle in the frequency theory, we generalise his results to not necessarily ergodic systems of classical and quantum mechanics. This turns out to be precisely what is needed for the problem of Quantum Measurement and the problem of induction.

Joseph F. Johnson

2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Understanding Deutsch's probability in a deterministic multiverse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future Everettian measurement outcome is subjective uncertainty. I argue that subjective uncertainty is not to be had, but I offer an alternative interpretation that enables the Everettian to live without uncertainty: we can justify Everettian decision theory on the basis that an Everettian should *care about* all her future branches. The probabilities appearing in the decision-theoretic representation theorem can then be interpreted as the degrees to which the rational agent cares about each future branch. This reinterpretation, however, reduces the intuitive plausibility of one of the Deutsch-Wallace axioms (Measurement Neutrality).

Hilary Greaves

2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Low Carbon Society Scenarios Towards 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Society Scenarios Towards 2050 Low Carbon Society Scenarios Towards 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low Carbon Society Scenarios Towards 2050 Agency/Company /Organization: National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy, Solar Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Topics: Adaptation, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications, Training materials Website: 2050.nies.go.jp/report.html Cost: Free

240

Probable hydrologic effects of subsurface mining  

SciTech Connect

This case history provides information on the ground-water system and presents the results of an analysis of present and future hydrologic effects of coal mining in the Appalachian coal basin. Although emphasis is on the probable hydrologic effects due to subsurface mining, examples and discussions are equally applicable to surface mine problems. The case history is based on an ongoing study in Greene County which will be completed in 1983. Cooperators in this project were the Pennsylvania Geologic and Topographic Survey and the Greene County Commissioners. The study stemmed from local interest in the rural water supply of the county which is predominantly groundwater.

Stoner, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Spin Glass Computations and Ruelle's Probability Cascades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Parisi functional, appearing in the Parisi formula for the pressure of the SK model, as a functional on Ruelle's Probability Cascades (RPC). Computation techniques for the RPC formulation of the functional are developed. They are used to derive continuity and monotonicity properties of the functional retrieving a theorem of Guerra. We also detail the connection between the Aizenman-Sims-Starr variational principle and the Parisi formula. As a final application of the techniques, we rederive the Almeida-Thouless line in the spirit of Toninelli but relying on the RPC structure.

Louis-Pierre Arguin

2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Expected dose for the seismic scenario classes in the 2008 performance assessment for the proposed high-level radioactive waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Extensive work has been carried out by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in the development of a proposed geologic repository at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada, for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. In support of this development and an associated license application to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the DOE completed an extensive performance assessment (PA) for the proposed YM repository in 2008. This presentation describes the determination of expected dose to the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) specified in the NRC regulations for the YM repository for the seismic ground motion scenario class and the seismic fault displacement scenario class in the 2008 YM PA. The following topics are addressed: (i) definition of the seismic scenario classes and the determination of dose and expected dose to the RMEI, (ii) properties of the seismic ground motion scenario class, (iii) expected dose and uncertainty in expected dose to the RMEI for the seismic ground motion scenario class from 0 to 20,000yr, (iv) expected dose and uncertainty in expected dose to the RMEI for the seismic ground motion scenario class from 0 to 106yr, (v) properties of the seismic fault displacement scenario class including expected dose and uncertainty in expected dose to the RMEI from 0 to 20,000yr and 0 to 106yr, (vi) expected dose and uncertainty in expected dose to the RMEI for the combined ground motion and seismic fault displacement scenario class, and (vii) probabilities associated with seismic scenario classes. The present article is part of a special issue of Reliability Engineering and System Safety devoted to the 2008 YM PA; additional articles in the issue describe other aspects of the 2008 YM PA.

J.C. Helton; M.G. Gross; C.W. Hansen; C.J. Sallaberry; S.D. Sevougian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Probability Theory and Classical Statistics Statistical inference rests on probability theory, and so an in-depth under-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Probability Theory and Classical Statistics Statistical inference rests on probability theory, often divorce statistics and probability early with the emphasis placed on basic statistical modeling (e to statistics as it is commonly applied in social science research. 2.1 Rules of probability Defining

Gribble, Paul

244

Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for Sub-national Planners Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for Sub-national Planners Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/dam/aplaws/publication/en/publications/envir Language: English Mapping Climate Change Vulnerability and Impact Scenarios - A Guidebook for Sub-national Planners Screenshot This guidebook assists planners working at the sub-national levels to identify and map the nature of current and future vulnerability to long-term climate change so that appropriate policies and intervention can

245

Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Chile South America References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile 2.2 Colombia 2.3 Peru

246

Scenarios of Future Snow Conditions in Styria (Austrian Alps)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hydrometeorological model chain is applied to investigate climate change effects on natural and artificial snow conditions in the Schladming region in Styria (Austria). Four dynamically refined realizations of the IPCC A1B scenario covering the ...

Thomas Marke; Ulrich Strasser; Florian Hanzer; Johann Sttter; Renate Anna Irma Wilcke; Andreas Gobiet

247

Energy Scenarios for East Asia: 2005-2025  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe several scenarios for economic development and energy use in East Asia based on the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. Historic ...

Paltsev, Sergey

248

Final state interactions in the (nuclear) FRITIOF string interaction scenario  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the final state reinteraction of the produced hadrons in a scenario with the initial high energy nuclear interaction provided by the FRITIOF Model. The basic idea is that any produced hadron is abl...

B. Andersson; A. Tai; Ben-Hao Sa

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Integrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information technology innovation with an end-to-end Human and Social Sciences assistance. This methodologyIntegrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation Fabrice Forest Technological innovation often requires large scale collaborative partnership between many heterogeneous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

New Analysis of SUSY Dark Matter Scenarios at ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying realistic veto efficiencies for the low angle electromagnetic calorimeter located in the very forward direction of the future international linear collider, we revisited the Standard Model background contributions studied previously in stau analyses with supersymmetrical dark matter scenarios.

Zhiqing Zhang

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Generating Scenarios of Local Surface Temperature Using Time Series Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for creating scenarios of time series of monthly mean surface temperature at a specific site is developed. It is postulated that surface temperature can be specified as a linear combination of regional and local temperature components, ...

Robert S. Chen; Peter J. Robinson

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Community Solar Scenario Tool: Planning for a Fruitful Solar Garden  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

As part of a Do-It-Yourself Solar Market Analysis summer series, NREL's Solar Technical Assistance Team (STAT) is presenting a live webinar titled, "Community Solar Scenario Tool: Planning for a...

253

A Fair-Market Scenario for the European Energy System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Fair-Market Scenario represents a new development in the ... were aimed at demonstrating the existence of consistent energy demand and supply systems incorporating large amounts of renewable energy (Srensen,...

Stefan K. Nielsen; Bent Srensen

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

How to Identify leading indicators for scenario monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Being able to quickly adapt to changes in the business environment has been widely acknowledged as essential for sustainable success by business leaders. Scenario planning is recognized as an effective tool used to explore ...

Xu, Xia, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Using HyTrans to Study H2 Transition Scenarios  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Using HyTrans to Study H2 Transition Scenarios given by David Greene of Oak Ridge National Laboratory during the DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

256

Bayesian derivation of plasma equilibrium distribution function for tokamak scenarios and the associated Landau collision operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of parametric distribution functions has been proposed in [C.DiTroia, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion,54,2012] as equilibrium distribution functions (EDFs) for charged particles in fusion plasmas, representing supra-thermal particles in anisotropic equilibria for Neutral Beam Injection, Ion Cyclotron Heating scenarios. Moreover, the EDFs can also represent nearly isotropic equilibria for Slowing-Down $alpha$ particles and core thermal plasma populations. These EDFs depend on constants of motion (COMs). Assuming an axisymmetric system with no equilibrium electric field, the EDF depends on the toroidal canonical momentum $P_\\phi$, the kinetic energy $w$ and the magnetic moment \\mu. In the present work, the EDFs are obtained from first principles and general hypothesis. The derivation is probabilistic and makes use of the Bayes' Theorem. The bayesian argument allows us to describe how far from the prior probability distribution function (pdf), e.g. Maxwellian, the plasma is, based on the information...

Di Troia, Claudio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Sampling with unequal probabilities and without replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The method described. by Rao (9) is probably the fastest. This method uses N random numbers to per- mute N items. If N c 10, the N random numbers 0 ~ R. c 9 are listed. , i. e. R R . . . RN 2 The items are then ordered. according to the Ri, as in Table...2)=H(I&N2)+R(I&N3) 2 R(I&N2)=R(I&N2)/ANN C COMPUTES THE VARIANCE (VAR) OF A PARTICULAR PERMUTATION RR=O SMSQ, =SUMA??2 RATIO=SUMS/SUMA 188 DO 83 I=1, N HSQ=(H(I, NN2)-RATIO)??2 83 HH=HSQ"H(I, NN1)+RH VAR=SMSQ?HH VARAN=VAHAN+VAR AFAC...

Kleibrink, Ronald Gus

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions in performance assessment for radioactive waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

A formal description of the structure of several recent performance assessments (PAs) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is given in terms of the following three components: a probability space (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) for stochastic uncertainty, a probability space (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}) for subjective uncertainty and a function (i.e., a random variable) defined on the product space associated with (S{sub st}, S{sub st}, p{sub st}) and (S{sub su}, S{sub su}, p{sub su}). The explicit recognition of the existence of these three components allows a careful description of the use of probability, conditional probability and complementary cumulative distribution functions within the WIPP PA. This usage is illustrated in the context of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, Subpart B). The paradigm described in this presentation can also be used to impose a logically consistent structure on PAs for other complex systems.

Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

ESTIMATING DETECTION PROBABILITY PARAMETERS FOR PLETHODON SALAMANDERS USING THE ROBUST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTIMATING DETECTION PROBABILITY PARAMETERS FOR PLETHODON SALAMANDERS USING THE ROBUST CAPTURE 7617, Raleigh, NC 27695-7617, USA KENNETH H. POLLOCK, Department of Statistics, Biomathematics monitoring programs. Two sources of variation, spatial variation and variation in detection probability, make

Simons, Theodore R.

260

Integrated Analysis of Market Transformation Scenarios with HyTrans  

SciTech Connect

This report presents alternative visions of the transition of light-duty vehicle transportation in the United States from petroleum to hydrogen power. It is a supporting document to the U.S. Department of Energy's Summary Report, "Analysis of the Transition to a Hydrogen Economy and the Potential Hydrogen Infrastructure Requirements" (U.S. DOE, 2007). Three alternative early transition scenarios were analyzed using a market simulation model called HyTrans. The HyTrans model simultaneously represents the behavior of fuel suppliers, vehicle manufacturers and consumers, explicitly recognizing the importance of fuel availability and the diversity of vehicle choices to consumers, and dependence of fuel supply on the existence of market demand. Competitive market outcomes are simulated by means of non-linear optimization of social surplus through the year 2050. The three scenarios specify different rates and geographical distributions of market penetration for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles from 2012 through 2025. Scenario 1 leads to 2 million vehicles on U.S. roads by 2025, while Scenarios 2 and 3 result in 5 million and 10 million FCVs in use by 2025, respectively. The HyTrans model "costs out" the transition scenarios and alternative policies for achieving them. It then tests whether the scenarios, together with the achievement of the DOE's technology goals for fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen infrastructure technologies could lead to a sustainable transition to hydrogen powered transportation. Given the achievement of DOE's ambitious technology goals, all three scenarios appear to lead to a sustainable transition to hydrogen. In the absence of early transition deployment effort, no transition is likely to begin before 2045. The cumulative costs of the transition scenarios to the government range from $8 billion to $45 billion, depending on the scenario, the policies adopted and the degree of cost-sharing with industry. In the absence of carbon constraining policies, the transition to hydrogen achieves about the same reduction in CO2 emissions as a transition to advanced gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles. With significant carbon policy, drastic reductions in well-to-wheel CO2 emissions are possible. Energy transition modeling is a newly evolving field and much remains to be done to improve the utility of models like HyTrans.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Leiby, Paul Newsome [ORNL; Bowman, David Charles [ORNL

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

MHD stability of the pedestal in ITER scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) limits of the pedestal in ITER scenarios associated with the preparation and realization of the nominal fusion gain Q=10 (inductive scenario at 15MA/5.3T, half-field/half-current and intermediate H-mode scenario at 10MA/3.5T), as well as the hybrid scenario at 12MA/5.3T, are investigated in this work. The accessible part of the MHD stability diagram is determined by computing the bootstrap current and self-consistently evaluating the corresponding pedestal current. This procedure shows that only a small part of peelingballooning diagrams is physically accessible. Uncertainties about the foreseen plasma profiles motivate studies evaluating the impact of various parameters on the pedestal limits. We have addressed issues such as the pedestal width, the global performance, pressure peaking, edge current density, internal inductance and plasma shaping. A scaling law for the maximum pedestal pressure in the ITER scenarios is proposed, highlighting that the main dependences are on the plasma current, the edge safety factor, the pedestal width and the internal inductance.

P. Maget; J.-F. Artaud; M. Bcoulet; T. Casper; J. Faustin; J. Garcia; G.T.A. Huijsmans; A. Loarte; G. Saibene

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: South Africa Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Agency/Company /Organization: South Africa Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Scenario_team-LTMS_Scenarios Country: South Africa Southern Africa Coordinates: -30.559482°, 22.937506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-30.559482,"lon":22.937506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment reference scenario Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reference scenario Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assessment reference scenario Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The goal of software...

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - aux scenarios operationnels Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scenarios operationnels Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aux scenarios operationnels Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Un Systeme...

265

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Introducing hydrogen...

266

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 Summary Presentation 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting Discussion Group 1 Summary Presentation 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis...

267

Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics Essentials of Statistics and Probability Dhruv Sharma May 22, 2007 Department of Statistics, NC State University dbsharma@ncsu.edu SAMSI Undergrad Workshop Dhruv Sharma Essentials of Statistics and Probability #12;Practical Statistical Thinking

268

Universality probability of a prefix-free machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...d) Universality probability of a machine and a...machine learning, statistics, econometrics, inductive...and in particular the probability of this event (see...7: philosophy of statistics (eds P. S. Bandyopadhyay...Press. Universality probability of a prefix-free...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Statistical Learning of Syntax: The Role of Transitional Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Learning of Syntax: The Role of Transitional Probability Susan P. Thompson Hobart transitional probabilities between syllables to segment speech into word-like units (Saffran, Aslin, & Newport learners can use transi- tional probabilities between words (or word classes) to segment sentences

DeAngelis, Gregory

270

Module Code ST2004 Module Title Applying Probability: Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Dekker, Kraaikamp, Lopuhaa, Meester: A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Springer,2005 Probability, 2nd ed, Cambridge, 2007 Swift, L: Mathematics and Statistics for Business, Management and FinanceModule Code ST2004 Module Title Applying Probability: Introduction Pre-requisites None ECTS 5

O'Mahony, Donal E.

271

Probability Kinematics in Information Retrieval: a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and present research has made much use of formal probability theory and statistics in order to solveProbability Kinematics in Information Retrieval: a case study F. Crestani Dipartimento di technique of evaluating the probability of a conditional called Imaging, one is a gen­ eralisation

Jose, Joemon M.

272

Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transition Strategies Transition Strategies Possible Range of Government Support Options * Hydrogen Fuel Initiative - 2015 commercialization decision * 2015 commercialization decision - 1000s of cars by 2015, and 10,000s of cars by 2018 * 2015 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 10,000s of cars by 2015 and 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2016 and millions by 2021. These scenarios are provided for transition analyses as recommended by the National Research Council to evaluate the transition phase and do not represent any specific policy recommendation. 3 Market Penetration Scenarios The following scenarios represent the estimated penetration of hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (HFCV) given different government incentives:

273

Scenario Modelling: A Holistic Environmental and Energy Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Modelling: A Holistic Environmental and Energy Management Scenario Modelling: A Holistic Environmental and Energy Management Technique for Building Managers Speaker(s): James O'Donnell Date: September 30, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Vladimir Bazjanac At the operational level of organisations, building managers most commonly evaluate environmental and energy performance. They originate from a variety of technical and non-technical backgrounds with corresponding experiences, knowledge and skill sets. The profile of building managers as established in this work accounts for this diverse variation. Building performance data and information that is typically available for the established profile of building managers is insufficient for optimum operation. This presentaion presents the scenario modelling technique

274

Exploring Humanoid Robots Locomotion Capabilities in Virtual Disaster Response Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident that followed the 2011 Great East JapanExploring Humanoid Robots Locomotion Capabilities in Virtual Disaster Response Scenarios Karim-like motor skills to be achieved. We use virtual scenes under the fully- 3D-modeled-environment assumption

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

A new leptogenesis scenario with predictions on \\sum m_{\  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an SU(3)_c \\times SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R \\times U(1)_L \\times U(1)_R left-right symmetric framework with spontaneous breaking U(1)_L \\times U(1)_R \\rightarrow U(1)_{B-L}, we present a new leptogenesis scenario to predict low limits on neutrinos' mass scale \\sum m_{\

Gu, Pei-Hong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Marine Structures 15 (2002) 335364 Collision scenarios and probabilistic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and effectiveness of this approach is examined. r 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. Keywords: Ship collision the effect of structural design on the extent of damage in ship *Tel.: +1-540-231-4950; fax: +1 examines the influence of collision scenario random variables on the extent of predicted damage in ship

Brown, Alan

277

FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING A SCENARIO AND PERPETUAL MOTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 1 FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING A SCENARIO AND PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINES OF THE THIRD KIND Peter to a notion of staging free energy: the free energy invested in choreographing all the actors of a biochemical \\offprintinfo{(Title, Edition)}{(Author)} at the beginning of your document. 1 #12;2 FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING

Salamon, Peter

278

Beyond dangerous climate change: emission scenarios for a new world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...not intended as a message of futility, but...government, and wider public and private decision...example, few if any energy scenarios addressing...transport and housing energy use, how drought...chemistry Climate Change Conservation of Natural Resources...Models, Theoretical Public Policy Research...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Phenomenology of Gravitino Dark Matter Scenarios in Supergravity Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the phenomenology of gravitino dark matter within supergravity framework. Gravitino can be dark matter if it is the lightest supersymmetric particle, which is stable if R-parity is conserved. There are several distinct scenarios depending on what the next to lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) is. We discuss the constraints and summarize the phenomenology of neutralino, stau, stop and sneutrino NLSPs.

Yudi Santoso

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION This white paper provides an evaluation of physical elements of climate change and sea level rise, and a range of sea level rise along the California coast. Keywords: California climate change

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems: an Experimental Case Study Alessandra, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems play a fundamental role in maintaining acceptable thermal energy savings potential. Developing effective MPC-based control strategies for HVAC systems

Johansson, Karl Henrik

282

Future of the Lakes Scenarios for the Future of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during and after the world oil price crises in the 1970s. More recently, scenarios have been used forest grassland shrubs/wetlands urban water emergent/wet meadow WISCONSIN VilasIron Oneida Forest Price NHLD #12;Recent History of the Northern Highland Lake District 0 100 1000 10,000 Redevelopment begins

283

ICRF scenarios for ITER's half-field phase  

SciTech Connect

The non-active operation phase of ITER will be done in H and {sup 4}He plasmas at half the nominal magnetic field, B{sub 0} = 2.65T. At this field and for the given frequency range of the ICRF system (f = 40-55MHz), three ICRF heating scenarios are available a priori: (i) Fundamental ICRH of majority H plasmas at f{approx_equal}40MHz,(ii) second harmonic (N= 2) {sup 3}He ICRH in H plasmas at f{approx_equal}53MHz and (iii) fundamental minority H heating in {sup 4}He plasmas at f{approx_equal}40MHz. While the latter is expected to perform well for not too large H concentrations, the heating scenarios available for the Hydrogen plasmas are less robust. Recent JET experiments performed in similar conditions to those expected in ITER's half-field phase confirmed the low performance of these two scenarios and numerical simulations have shown that the situation is not much improved in ITER, mainly because of the rather modest plasma temperature and density expected in its initial operation phase. A summary of the main experimental results obtained at JET followed by numerical predictions for ITER's half-field ICRF heating scenarios will be presented.

Lerche, E.; Van Eester, D.; Ongena, J. [LPP-ERM/KMS, Association Euratom-'Belgian State', TEC Partner, Brussels (Belgium); Mayoral, M.-L.; Giroud, C.; Jacquet, P.; Kiptily, V. [Euratom-CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre (United Kingdom); Johnson, T.; Hellsten, T. [Fusion Plasma Physics, Association Euratom-VR, KTH, Stockholm (Sweden); Bilato, R. [IPP (MPI)-Euratom Association, Garching (Germany); Czarnecka, A. [Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Warsaw (Poland); Dumont, R. [CEA (IRFM)-Euratom Association, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Krasilnikov, A. [SRC RF Troitsk Institute for Innovating and Fusion Research, Troitsk (Russian Federation); Maslov, M. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM - Suisse, Lausanne (Switzerland); Vdovin, V. [RNC Kurchatov Institute, Nuclear Fusion Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

284

Disrupting digital library development with scenario informed design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the work has limited reproducibility, it has much higher ecological validity than most studies that have looked at applicability...explicit and testable. Scenarios would seem to be a good vehicle for doing this, but our work has exposed various practical......

Ann Blandford; Suzette Keith; Richard Butterworth; Bob Fields; Dominic Furniss

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Circuit Area Optimization in Energy Temporal Sparse Scenarios for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Circuit Area Optimization in Energy Temporal Sparse Scenarios for Multiple Harvester Powered.alarcon@upc.edu Abstract--Multi-source energy harvesters are gaining interest as a robust alternative to power wireless sensors, since the sensor node can maintain its operation regardless of the fact that one of its energy

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

286

LHC accelerator R&D and upgrade scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I report the results of a CERN task force set up to investigate a possible staged upgrade of the LHC and of its injectors, with a view...34 cm2 s1 to 1035 cm2 s1. Scenarios for an LHC energy upgrade by nearly...

F. Ruggiero

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Multimodal presentation of dynamic object scenarios on the web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a Web based presentation system for dynamic object scenarios. The system produces multimodal presentations based on 3D interactive animations, coordinated with adaptive spoken comments. User profiling and comments production are performed ... Keywords: 3D graphics, VRML, adaptive interfaces, dynamic object environments, multimodal presentation, natural language generation, sail racing

Andrea Esuli; Antonio Cisternino; Giuliano Pacini; Maria Simi

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Title Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-3636e Year of Publication 2010 Authors Yin, Rongxin, Sila Kiliccote, Mary Ann Piette, and Kristen Parrish Conference Name 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Conference Location Pacific Grove, CA Keywords demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, demand shifting (pre-cooling), DRQAT Abstract This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30% using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

289

Reliable Muddle: Transportation Scenarios for the 80% Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goal for 2050 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentation describing transportation scenarios for meeting the 2050 DOE goal of reducing greenhouse gases by 80%.

Melaina, M.; Webster, K.

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Final List of Attendees  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Final List of Attendees

291

The probability of containment failure by direct containment heating in Zion  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first step in the resolution of the Direct Containment Heating (DCH) issue for the Zion Nuclear Power Plant using the Risk Oriented Accident Analysis Methodology (ROAAM). This report includes the definition of a probabilistic framework that decomposes the DCH problem into three probability density functions that reflect the most uncertain initial conditions (UO{sub 2} mass, zirconium oxidation fraction, and steel mass). Uncertainties in the initial conditions are significant, but our quantification approach is based on establishing reasonable bounds that are not unnecessarily conservative. To this end, we also make use of the ROAAM ideas of enveloping scenarios and ``splintering.`` Two causal relations (CRs) are used in this framework: CR1 is a model that calculates the peak pressure in the containment as a function of the initial conditions, and CR2 is a model that returns the frequency of containment failure as a function of pressure within the containment. Uncertainty in CR1 is accounted for by the use of two independently developed phenomenological models, the Convection Limited Containment Heating (CLCH) model and the Two-Cell Equilibrium (TCE) model, and by probabilistically distributing the key parameter in both, which is the ratio of the melt entrainment time to the system blowdown time constant. The two phenomenological models have been compared with an extensive database including recent integral simulations at two different physical scales. The containment load distributions do not intersect the containment strength (fragility) curve in any significant way, resulting in containment failure probabilities less than 10{sup {minus}3} for all scenarios considered. Sensitivity analyses did not show any areas of large sensitivity.

Pilch, M.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yan, H.; Theofanous, T.G. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Evaluation of potential severe accidents during low power and shutdown operations at Grand Gulf, Unit 1: Analysis of core damage frequency from internal events for Plant Operational State 5 during a refueling outage. Volume 2, Part 3: Internal Events Appendices I and J  

SciTech Connect

This report provides supporting documentation for various tasks associated with the performance of the probablistic risk assessment for Plant Operational State 5 during a refueling outage at Grand Gulf, Unit 1 as documented in Volume 2, Part 1 of NUREG/CR-6143.

Yakle, J. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Darby, J. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Whitehead, D.; Staple, B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A.C.C. Sips, Advanced scenarios for ITER operation ICPP 2004 Advanced scenarios for ITER operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fusion energy. ITER is to produce and study plasmas dominated by self heating. This would give unique@ipp.mpg.de Abstract In thermonuclear fusion research using magnetic confinement, the tokamak is the leading candidate to provide a #12;A.C.C. Sips, Advanced scenarios for ITER operation ICPP 2004 2 better understanding, control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

Pattern formation, logistics, and maximum path probability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of pattern formation, which to current researchers is a synonym for self-organization, carries the connotation of deductive logic together with the process of spontaneous inference. Defining a pattern as an equivalence relation on a set of thermodynamic objects, we establish that a large class of irreversible pattern-forming systems, evolving along idealized quasisteady paths, approaches the stable steady state as a mapping upon the formal deductive imperatives of a propositional function calculus. In the preamble the classical reversible thermodynamics of composite systems is analyzed as an externally manipulated system of space partitioning and classification based on ideal enclosures and diaphragms. The diaphragms have discrete classificationcapabilities which are designated in relation to conserved quantities by descriptors such as impervious, diathermal, and adiabatic. Differentiability in the continuum thermodynamic calculus is invoked as equivalent to analyticity and consistency in the underlying class or sentential calculus. The seat of inference, however, rests with the thermodynamicist. In the transition to an irreversible pattern-forming system the defined nature of the composite reservoirs remains, but a given diaphragm is replaced by a pattern-forming system which by its nature is a spontaneously evolving volume partitioner and classifier of invariants. The seat of volition or inference for the classification system is thus transferred from the experimenter or theoretician to the diaphragm, and with it the full deductive facility. The equivalence relations or partitions associated with the emerging patterns may thus be associated with theorems of the natural pattern-forming calculus. The entropyfunction, together with its derivatives, is the vehicle which relates the logistics of reservoirs and diaphragms to the analog logistics of the continuum. Maximum path probability or second-order differentiability of the entropy in isolation are sufficiently strong interpretations of the second law of thermodynamics to define the approach to and the nature of patterned stable steady states. For many pattern-forming systems these principles define quantifiable stable states as maxima or minima (or both) in the dissipation. An elementary statistical-mechanical proof is offered. To turn the argument full circle, the transformations of the partitions and classes which are predicated upon such minimax entropic paths can through digital modeling be directly identified with the syntactic and inferential elements of deductive logic. It follows therefore that all self-organizing or pattern-forming systems which possess stable steady states approach these states according to the imperatives of formal logic, the optimum pattern with its rich endowment ofequivalence relations representing the central theorem of the associated calculus. Logic is thus the stuff of the universe, and biological evolution with its culmination in the human brain is the most significant example of all the irreversible pattern-forming processes. We thus conclude with a few remarks on the relevance of the contribution to the theory of evolution and to research on artificial intelligence.

J. S. Kirkaldy

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Develop low emissions growth scenarios | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

low emissions growth scenarios low emissions growth scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

296

Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

297

Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

298

Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Gateway:International/Energy Scenario Analysis) (Redirected from Gateway:International/Energy Scenario Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

299

China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbonemissions (Summary)  

SciTech Connect

China has ambitious goals for economic development, and mustfind ways to power the achievement of those goals that are bothenvironmentally and socially sustainable. Integration into the globaleconomy presents opportunities for technological improvement and accessto energy resources. China also has options for innovative policies andmeasures that could significantly alter the way energy is acquired andused. These opportunities andoptions, along with long-term social,demographic, and economic trends, will shape China s future energysystem, and consequently its contribution to emissions of greenhousegases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). In this study, entitled China sSustainable Energy Future: Scenarios of Energy and Carbon Emissions, theEnergy Research Institute (ERI), an independent analytic organizationunder China's Na tional Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), soughtto explore in detail how China could achieve the goals of the TenthFive-Year Plan and its longer term aims through a sustainable developmentstrategy. China's ability to forge a sustainable energy path has globalconsequences. China's annual emissions of greenhouse gases comprisenearly half of those from developing countries, and 12 percent of globalemissions. Most of China's greenhouse gas emissions are in the form ofCO2, 87 percent of which came from energy use in 2000. In that year,China's carbon emissions from energy use and cement production were 760million metric tons (Mt-C), second only to the 1,500 Mt-C emitted by theUS (CDIAC, 2003). As China's energy consumption continues to increase,greenhouse gas emissions are expected to inevitably increase into thefuture. However, the rate at which energy consumption and emissions willincrease can vary significantly depending on whether sustainabledevelopment is recognized as an important policy goal. If the ChineseGovernment chooses to adopt measures to enhance energy efficiency andimprove the overall structure of energy supply, it is possible thatfuture economic growth may be supported by a relatively lower increase inenergy consumption. Over the past 20 years, energy intensity in China hasbeen reduced partly through technological and structural changes; currentannual emissions may be as much as 600 Mt-C lower than they would havebeen without intensity improvements. China must take into account itsunique circumstances in considering how to achieve a sustainabledevelopment path. This study considers the feasibility of such anachievement, while remaining open to exploring avenues of sustainabledevelopment that may be very different from existing models. Threescenarios were prepared to assist the Chinese Government to explore theissues, options and uncertainties that it confronts in shaping asustainable development path compatible with China's uniquecircumstances. The Promoting Sustainability scenario offers a systematicand complete interpretation of the social and economic goals proposed inthe Tenth Five-Year Plan. The possibility that environmentalsustainability would receive low priority is covered in the OrdinaryEffort scenario. Aggressive pursuit of sustainable development measuresalong with rapid economic expansion is featured in the Green Growthscenario. The scenarios differ in the degree to which a common set ofenergy supply and efficiency policies are implemented. In cons ultationwith technology and policy experts domestically and abroad, ERI developedstrategic scenarios and quantified them using an energy accounting model.The scenarios consider, in unprecedented detail, changes in energy demandstructure and technology, as well as energy supply, from 1998 to 2020.The scenarios in this study are an important step in estimating realistictargets for energy efficiency and energy supply development that are inline with a sustainable development strategy. The scenarios also helpanalyze and explore ways in which China might slow growth in greenhousegas emissions. The key results have important policy implications:Depending on how demand for energy services is met, China could quadrupleits gross domesti

Zhou, Dadi; Levine, Mark; Dai, Yande; Yu, Cong; Guo, Yuan; Sinton, Jonathan E.; Lewis, Joanna I.; Zhu, Yuezhong

2004-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Planning substation capacity under the single-contingency scenario  

SciTech Connect

Florida Power and Light (FPL) adopts the single contingency emergency policy for its planning of substation capacity. This paper provides an approach to determine the maximum load which a substation can take on under such a policy. The approach consists of two LP models which determine: (1) the maximum substation load capacity, and (2) the reallocation of load when a substation`s demand cannot be met. Both models are formulated under the single-contingency scenario, an issue which had received little attention in the literature. Not only does the explicit treatment of the scenario provide an exact measure of a substation`s load limit, it also raises several important issues which previous works omit. These two models have been applied to the substation network of the Fort Myers District of the State of Florida.

Leung, L.C. [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics] [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics; Khator, S.K. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering] [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering; Schnepp, J.C. [Crest Ultrasonics, Trenton, NJ (United States)] [Crest Ultrasonics, Trenton, NJ (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Neutrino parameters and the $N_2$-dominated scenario of leptogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review the main aspects of leptogenesis, describing both the unflavoured and the flavoured versions of the $N_2$-dominated scenario. A study of the success rates of both classes of models has been carried out. We comment on these results and discuss corrective effects to this simplest scenario. Focusing on the flavoured case, we consider the conditions required by strong thermal leptogenesis, where the final asymmetry is fully independent of the initial conditions. Barring strong cancellations in the seesaw formula and in the flavoured decay parameters, we show that strong thermal leptogenesis favours a lightest neutrino mass $m_1\\gtrsim10\\,\\mbox{meV}$ for normal ordering (NO) and $m_1\\gtrsim 3\\,\\mbox{meV}$ for inverted ordering (IO). Finally, we briefly comment on the power of absolute neutrino mass scale experiments to either support or severely corner strong thermal leptogenesis.

Michele Re Fiorentin; Sophie E. King

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

302

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

303

California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050 Title California's Carbon Challenge: Scenarios for Achieving 80% Emissions Reduction in 2050 Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5448E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wei, Max, James H. Nelson, Michael K. Ting, Christopher Yang, J. Greenblatt, James E. McMahon, Daniel M. Kammen, Christopher M. Jones, Ana Mileva, Josiah Johnston, and Ranjit Bharvirkar Date Published 10/2012 Abstract Meeting the State of California's 2050 target of 80% lower greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from a 1990 baseline is a challenging goal that cannot be met without a portfolio of measures and strategies that span both energy demand and energy supply. This study focuses on energy emissions with the target of reducing energy emissions by 80% relative to 1990 energy emissions. Meeting the 2050 target requires both a sustained commitment to aggressively develop existing technologies as well as an aggressive and sustained policy commitment to reshape and ultimately transform the state's energy system. The 2050 GHG target for California appears achievable, but requires significant changes in the way we produce energy, deliver energy services, and utilize energy.

304

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia have not been given due attention in the past. Some of the primary reasons for under consideration of these resources are lack of awareness of their potential in the country, the role they can have in the overall energy mix and the social benefits associated with them. Knowledge of the exploitable potential of these resources and identification of potential regions for development will help energy planners and developers to incorporate these resources as alternative means of supplying energy by conducting a more accurate techno-economic analysis which leads to more realistic economic projections. (Purpose): The ultimate objective of this study is to produce a document that comprises country background information on solar and wind energy utilization and project scenarios which present solar and wind energy investment opportunities to investors and decision makers. It is an integrated study with specific objectives of resource documentation including analysis of barriers and policies, identification of potential areas for technology promotion, and nationwide aggregation of potentials and benefits of the resource. The

305

A Scenario for a Future European Shipboard Railgun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Railguns can convert large quantities of electrical energy into kinetic energy of the projectile. This was demon- strated by the 33 MJ muzzle energy shot performed in 2010 in the framework of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) electromag- netic railgun program. Since then, railguns are a prime candidate for future long range artillery systems. In this scenario, a heavy projectile (several kilograms) is accelerated to approx. 2.5 km/s muzzle velocity. While the primary interest for such a hypersonic projectile is the bombardment of targets being hundreds of kilometers away, they can also be used to counter airplane attacks or in other direct fire scenarios. In these cases, the large initial velocity significantly reduces the time to impact the target. In this study we investigate a scenario, where a future shipboard railgun installation delivers the same kinetic energy to a target as the explosive round of a contemporary European ship artillery system. At the same time the railgun outperforms the current artil...

Hundertmark, Stephan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;Normality to assume normalityWe would like to be able to assume normality ­ Then we can use parametric statistics a relationship ­ More powerful because we can use the normal probability distribution to make predictions

Wolverton, Steve

307

On the probability and spatial distribution of ocean surface currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the probability and spatial distribution of ocean surface currents Yosef Ashkenazy Solar Energy into the probability distribution of ocean currents are important for various applications such as the chance. Our results show that the distribution of ocean currents' speed can be approximated by a Weibull

Ashkenazy, Yossi "Yosef"

308

Generating Probability Distributions using Multivalued Stochastic Relay Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating Probability Distributions using Multivalued Stochastic Relay Circuits David Lee Dept as well as for generating arbitrary distributions from unbiased bits. An equally interesting, but less networks that generate arbitrary probability distributions in an optimal way? In this paper, we study

Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

309

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Probability Texas A&M, July 9-13. Nizar Demni Paris VI University July 10, 2007 Nizar Demni Paris VI University Free Processes via Matrix Theory Concentration week on free Pr #12;Definitions Non commutative probability space : Unital Algebra A + linear

Anshelevich, Michael

310

A discussion on the origin of quantum probabilities  

SciTech Connect

We study the origin of quantum probabilities as arising from non-Boolean propositional-operational structures. We apply the method developed by Cox to non distributive lattices and develop an alternative formulation of non-Kolmogorovian probability measures for quantum mechanics. By generalizing the method presented in previous works, we outline a general framework for the deduction of probabilities in general propositional structures represented by lattices (including the non-distributive case). -- Highlights: Several recent works use a derivation similar to that of R.T. Cox to obtain quantum probabilities. We apply Coxs method to the lattice of subspaces of the Hilbert space. We obtain a derivation of quantum probabilities which includes mixed states. The method presented in this work is susceptible to generalization. It includes quantum mechanics and classical mechanics as particular cases.

Holik, Federico, E-mail: olentiev2@gmail.com [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de Fsica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina) [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de Fsica (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Senz, Manuel [Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matemtica - Ciclo Bsico Comn, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabelln III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Plastino, Angel [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)] [Universitat de les Illes Balears and IFISC-CSIC, 07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Dark matter candidate in an extended type III seesaw scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The type III seesaw mechanism for neutrino mass generation usually makes use of at least two $Y = 0$, $SU(2)_L$ lepton triplets. We augment such a model with a third triplet and a sterile neutrino, both of which are odd under a conserved $\\Z_2$ symmetry. With all new physics confined to the $\\Z_2$-odd sector, whose low energy manifestation is in some higher-dimensional operators, a fermionic dark matter candidate is found to emerge. We identify the region of the parameter space of the scenario, which is consistent with all constraints from relic density and direct searches, and allows a wide range of masses for the dark matter candidate.

Chaudhuri, Avinanda; Mukhopadhyaya, Biswarup; Rakshit, Subhendu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Life cycle sustainability assessment of UK electricity scenarios to 2070  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Decarbonising the UK electricity mix is vital to achieving the national target of 80% reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050, relative to a 1990 baseline. Much work so far has focused only on costs and GHG emissions ignoring other sustainability issues. This paper goes beyond to assess the life cycle sustainability of different electricity scenarios for the UK, extending to 2070. The scenarios include the main technologies relevant to the UK: nuclear, gas, coal with and without carbon capture and storage (CCS), wind, solar photovoltaics and biomass. Three levels of decarbonisation are considered and the implications are assessed for techno-economic, environmental and social impacts on a life cycle basis. The results show that decarbonisation is likely to increase electricity costs despite anticipated future cost reductions for immature technologies. Conversely, sensitivity to volatile fuel prices decreases by two-thirds in all the scenarios with low-carbon technologies. To meet the GHG emission targets, coal CCS can only play a limited role, contributing 10% to the electricity mix at most; the use of CCS also increases other sustainability impacts compared to today, including worker injuries, large accident fatalities, depletion of fossil fuels and long-term waste storage. This calls into question the case for investing in coal CCS. A very low-carbon mix with nuclear and renewables provides the best overall environmental performance, but some impacts increase, such as terrestrial eco-toxicity. Such a mix also worsens some social issues such as health impacts from radiation and radioactive waste storage requirements. UK-based employment may more than double by 2070 if a renewables-intensive mix is chosen. However, the same mix also increases depletion of elements nearly seven-fold relative to the present, emphasising the need for end-of-life recycling. Very low-carbon mixes also introduce considerable uncertainty due to low dispatchability and grid instability. With equal weighting assumed for each sustainability impact, the scenario with an equal share of nuclear and renewables is ranked best.

Laurence Stamford; Adisa Azapagic

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Prospects for Higgs boson scenarios beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The new particle recently discovered at the Large Hadron Collider has properties compatible with those expected for the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson. However, this does not exclude the possibility that the discovered state is of non-standard origin, as part of an elementary Higgs sector in an extended model, or not at all a fundamental Higgs scalar. We review briefly the motivations for Higgs boson scenarios beyond the SM, discuss the phenomenology of several examples, and summarize the prospects and methods for studying interesting models with non-standard Higgs sectors using current and future data.

Oscar Stl

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

314

Prospects for Higgs boson scenarios beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The new particle recently discovered at the Large Hadron Collider has properties compatible with those expected for the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson. However, this does not exclude the possibility that the discovered state is of non-standard origin, as part of an elementary Higgs sector in an extended model, or not at all a fundamental Higgs scalar. We review briefly the motivations for Higgs boson scenarios beyond the SM, discuss the phenomenology of several examples, and summarize the prospects and methods for studying interesting models with non-standard Higgs sectors using current and future data.

Stl, Oscar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Modified GBIG Scenario as an Alternative for Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a DGP-inspired braneworld model where induced gravity on the brane is modified in the spirit of $f(R)$ gravity and stringy effects are taken into account by incorporation of the Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk action. We explore cosmological dynamics of this model and we show that this scenario is a successful alternative for dark energy proposal. Interestingly, it realizes the phantom-like behavior without introduction of any phantom field on the brane and the effective equation of state parameter crosses the cosmological constant line naturally in the same way as observational data suggest.

Kourosh Nozari; Narges Rashidi

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

316

Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Thailand UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thailand-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700318" Category: Programs

317

Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Vietnam UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vietnam-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700320" Category: Programs

318

Japan-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Japan-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Japan-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Japan-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Japan UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Japan-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700314" Category: Programs What links here

319

Indonesia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Indonesia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Indonesia UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indonesia-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700312" Category:

320

The role of renewable energy in climate stabilization: results from the EMF27 scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper uses the EMF27 scenarios to explore the role of renewable energy (RE) in climate change mitigation. Currently RE supplies almost 20% of global electricity demand. Almost all EMF27 mitigation scenarios...

Gunnar Luderer; Volker Krey; Katherine Calvin; James Merrick

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Collaborative Fraud Detection in Outsourcing Scenarios: Issues of and Solutions for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaborative Fraud Detection in Outsourcing Scenarios: Issues of and Solutions for Privacy of collaborative fraud detection envisioned for outsourcing scenarios. Firstly, we investigate the privacy data generated for the purpose of fraud detection. Second, we summarize the requirements

Flegel, Ulrich

322

An assessment of the radiological scenario around uranium mines in Singhbhum East district, Jharkhand, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radiological scenario around uranium mines in Singhbhum East...The Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions (2001) The...in soil and lifetime cancer risk due to gamma radioactivity...radiological scenario around uranium mines in Singhbhum East......

R. M. Tripathi; S. K. Sahoo; S. Mohapatra; A. C. Patra; P. Lenka; J. S. Dubey; V. N. Jha; V. D. Puranik

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

An assessment of the radiological scenario around uranium mines in Singhbhum East district, Jharkhand, India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radiological scenario around uranium mines in Singhbhum East district...radiological scenario around uranium-mining sites in the Singhbhum...3 The Royal Society. The Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions (2001) The Royal......

R. M. Tripathi; S. K. Sahoo; S. Mohapatra; A. C. Patra; P. Lenka; J. S. Dubey; V. N. Jha; V. D. Puranik

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Alternative Fossil Fuel Price and Carbon RegulationScenario, (2) a High Fuel Price Scenario, which includescap- and-trade and high fuel prices are compared to other

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Agenda for the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Agenda for the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting Agenda for the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and...

326

Participant List for the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Participant List for the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting on January 31, 2007 Participant List for the 2010-2025 Scenario...

327

A Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A Method for Evaluating Fire After Earthquake Scenarios for Single Buildings Authors: Elizabeth J. Kelly and Raymond N. Tell

328

Reaching Consensus with Imprecise Probabilities Over a Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the centralized estimate even while measurements of a static process are occurring concurrently with the con Aerial Vehicle (UAV) teams or geographically separated medical infrastructures, can be modeled as a group coordination of the team1,2. This paper considers a typical scenario in which the agents have observed (or

How, Jonathan P.

329

Display of probability densities for data from a continuous distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on cumulative distribution functions, Fourier series expansion and Kolmogorov tests, we present a simple method to display probability densities for data drawn from a continuous distribution. It is often more efficient than using histograms.

Bernd A. Berg

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

330

On Transformations between Probability and Spohnian Disbelief Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Such transformations between probability and Spohn's calculi can contribute to (1) a clarification of the semantics of non-probabilistic degree of uncertain belief, and (2) to a construction of a decision theory for such calculi. In practice, the transformations...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Measurement of zero-count probability in photoelectron statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The probability of zero-count P0(T) (as a function of the counting interval T) is one of the most interesting functions characterizing a light field. Experimentally,...

Basano, L; Ottonello, P

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Book Review: Basic Concepts of Probability and Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Basic Concepts of Probability and Statistics, by J.L. Hodges, Jr. and E.L. Lehmann. 2nd Ed. Philadelphia PA, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2005. ISBN: 0-89871-575-X

Janez Grum

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Probability and Statistics Courses in the Universities in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I i Before the ffities, co&ses in statistics were offered only in a few specialities such as medicine and textiles in several universities in China Courses in probability theory

Yan Shi-jian Beijing

334

Probability and Chance in the Theory of Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 September 1933 research-article Probability and Chance in the Theory of Statistics M. S. Bartlett The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the...

1933-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

On the Probability and Spatial Distribution of Ocean Surface Currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insights into the probability distribution of ocean currents are important for various applications such as the chance to encounter extreme events, which may affect, for example, marine construction, and for estimating the energy that can be ...

Yosef Ashkenazy; Hezi Gildor

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Energy Technology Perspectives, 2010: Scenarios & Strategies to 2050 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Energy Technology Perspectives, 2010: Scenarios & Strategies to 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Technology Perspectives, 2010: Scenarios & Strategies to 2050 Focus Area: Carbon Capture and Storage Topics: Environmental Website: www.iea.org/Textbase/nppdf/free/2010/etp2010_part1.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-technology-perspectives-2010-s Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: "Emissions Standards,Emissions Mitigation Scheme,Mandates/Targets" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

337

Methodology Using MELCOR Code to Model Proposed Hazard Scenario  

SciTech Connect

This study demonstrates a methodology for using the MELCOR code to model a proposed hazard scenario within a building containing radioactive powder, and the subsequent evaluation of a leak path factor (LPF) (or the amount of respirable material which that escapes a facility into the outside environment), implicit in the scenario. This LPF evaluation will analyzes the basis and applicability of an assumed standard multiplication of 0.5 0.5 (in which 0.5 represents the amount of material assumed to leave one area and enter another), for calculating an LPF value. The outside release is dependsent upon the ventilation/filtration system, both filtered and un-filtered, and from other pathways from the building, such as doorways (, both open and closed). This study is presents ed to show how the multiple leak path factorsLPFs from the interior building can be evaluated in a combinatory process in which a total leak path factorLPF is calculated, thus addressing the assumed multiplication, and allowing for the designation and assessment of a respirable source term (ST) for later consequence analysis, in which: the propagation of material released into the environmental atmosphere can be modeled and the dose received by a receptor placed downwind can be estimated and the distance adjusted to maintains such exposures as low as reasonably achievableALARA.. Also, this study will briefly addresses particle characteristics thatwhich affect atmospheric particle dispersion, and compares this dispersion with leak path factorLPF methodology.

Gavin Hawkley

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Dust Plume Modeling at Fort Bliss: Full Training Scenario  

SciTech Connect

The potential for air quality impacts from heavy mechanized vehicles operating in the training ranges and on the unpaved main supply routes at Fort Bliss is being investigated. The investigation uses the atmospheric modeling system DUSTRAN to simulate fugitive dust emission and dispersion from typical activities occurring on the installation. This report conveys the results of DUSTRAN simulations conducted using a Full Training scenario developed by Fort Bliss personnel. he Full Training scenario includes simultaneous off-road activities of two full Heavy Brigade Combat Teams (HCBTs) and one HCBT battalion on three training ranges. Simulations were conducted for the six-day period, April 25-30, 2005, using previously archived meteorological records. Simulation results are presented in the form of 24-hour average PM10 plots and peak 1-hour PM10 concentration plots, where the concentrations represent contributions resulting from the specified military vehicular activities, not total ambient PM10 concentrations. Results indicate that the highest PM10 contribution concentrations occurred on April 30 when winds were light and variable. Under such conditions, lofted particulates generated by vehicular movement stay in the area of generation and are not readily dispersed. The effect of training duration was investigated by comparing simulations with vehicular activity extending over a ten hour period (0700 to 1700 MST) with simulations where vehicular activity was compressed into a one hour period (0700 to 0800 MST). Compressing all vehicular activity into one hour led to higher peak one-hour and 24-hour average concentration contributions, often substantially higher.

Chapman, Elaine G.; Rishel, Jeremy P.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Seiple, Timothy E.; Newsom, Rob K.; Allwine, K Jerry

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

339

Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

Marko Horvat

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

340

Calculating the probability of detecting radio signals from alien civilizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it might not be self-evident, it is in fact entirely possible to calculate the probability of detecting alien radio signals by understanding what types of extraterrestrial radio emissions can be expected and what properties these emissions can have. Using the Drake equation as the obvious starting point, and logically identifying and enumerating constraints of interstellar radio communications can yield the probability of detecting a genuine alien radio signal.

Horvat, Marko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Linear feature selection and the probability of misclassification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) (Member) May 1974 ABSTRACT Linear Feature Selecti. on and the Probability of Misclassification. (May 1974) Louise Wilson Darcey, B. S. , University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. L. F. Guseman, Jr. A classifi. cation... procedure for n-dimensional normally distributed observation vectors which belong to one of two populations is described. In particular, a computational procedure is presented for finding a lxn vector B which minimizes the probability...

Darcey, Louise Wilson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

A POSSIBLE EVOLUTIONARY SCENARIO OF HIGHLY MAGNETIZED SUPER-CHANDRASEKHAR WHITE DWARFS: PROGENITORS OF PECULIAR TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

Several recently discovered peculiar Type Ia supernovae seem to demand an altogether new formation theory that might help explain the puzzling dissimilarities between them and the standard Type Ia supernovae. The most striking aspect of the observational analysis is the necessity of invoking super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs having masses {approx}2.1-2.8 M{sub Sun }, M{sub Sun} being the mass of Sun, as their most probable progenitors. Strongly magnetized white dwarfs having super-Chandrasekhar masses have already been established as potential candidates for the progenitors of peculiar Type Ia supernovae. Owing to the Landau quantization of the underlying electron degenerate gas, theoretical results yielded the observationally inferred mass range. Here, we sketch a possible evolutionary scenario by which super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs could be formed by accretion on to a commonly observed magnetized white dwarf, invoking the phenomenon of flux freezing. This opens multiple possible evolution scenarios ending in supernova explosions of super-Chandrasekhar white dwarfs having masses within the range stated above. We point out that our proposal has observational support, such as the recent discovery of a large number of magnetized white dwarfs by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

Das, Upasana; Mukhopadhyay, Banibrata [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Rao, A. R., E-mail: upasana@physics.iisc.ernet.in, E-mail: bm@physics.iisc.ernet.in, E-mail: arrao@tifr.res.in [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

343

Evaluation of potential severe accidents during low power and shutdown operations at Grand Gulf, Unit 1. Volume 2, Part 1C: Analysis of core damage frequency from internal events for plant operational State 5 during a refueling outage, Main report (Sections 11--14)  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the accident sequence analysis of internally initiated events for Grand Gulf, Unit 1 as it operates in the Low Power and Shutdown Plant Operational State 5 during a refueling outage. The report documents the methodology used during the analysis, describes the results from the application of the methodology, and compares the results with the results from two full power analyses performed on Grand Gulf.

Whitehead, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Darby, J. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yakle, J. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Culture, and a Metrics Methodology for Biological Countermeasure Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Outcome Metrics Methodology defines a way to evaluate outcome metrics associated with scenario analyses related to biological countermeasures. Previous work developed a schema to allow evaluation of common elements of impacts across a wide range of potential threats and scenarios. Classes of metrics were identified that could be used by decision makers to differentiate the common bases among disparate scenarios. Typical impact metrics used in risk calculations include the anticipated number of deaths, casualties, and the direct economic costs should a given event occur. There are less obvious metrics that are often as important and require more intensive initial work to be incorporated. This study defines a methodology for quantifying, evaluating, and ranking metrics other than direct health and economic impacts. As has been observed with the consequences of Hurricane Katrina, impacts to the culture of specific sectors of society are less obvious on an immediate basis but equally important over the ensuing and long term. Culture is used as the example class of metrics within which requirements for a methodology are explored likely methodologies are examined underlying assumptions for the respective methodologies are discussed the basis for recommending a specific methodology is demonstrated. Culture, as a class of metrics, is shown to consist of political, sociological, and psychological elements that are highly valued by decision makers. In addition, cultural practices, dimensions, and kinds of knowledge offer complementary sets of information that contribute to the context within which experts can provide input. The quantification and evaluation of sociopolitical, socio-economic, and sociotechnical impacts depend predominantly on subjective, expert judgment. Epidemiological data is limited, resulting in samples with statistical limits. Dose response assessments and curves depend on the quality of data and its relevance to human modes of exposure. With uncertain data and limited common units, the aggregation of results is not inherently obvious. Candidate methodologies discussed include statistical, analytical, and expert-based numerical approaches. Most statistical methods require large amounts of data with a random distribution of values for validity. Analytical methods predominate wherein structured data or patterns are evident and randomness is low. The analytical hierarchy process is shown to satisfy all requirements and provide a detailed method for measurement that depends on expert judgment by decision makers.

Simpson, Mary J.

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Spent Fuel Transportation Cask Response to the Caldecott Tunnel Fire Scenario  

SciTech Connect

On April 7, 1982, a tank truck and trailer carrying 8,800 gallons of gasoline was involved in an accident in the Caldecott tunnel on State Route 24 near Oakland, California. The tank trailer overturned and subsequently caught fire. The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), one of the agencies responsible for ensuring the safe transportation of radioactive materials in the United States, undertook analyses to determine the possible regulatory implications of this particular event for the transportation of spent nuclear fuel by truck. The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) code developed by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was used to determine the thermal environment in the Caldecott tunnel during the fire. The FDS results were used to define boundary conditions for a thermal transient model of a truck transport cask containing spent nuclear fuel. The Nuclear Assurance Corporation (NAC) Legal Weight Truck (LWT) transportation cask was selected for this evaluation, as it represents a typical truck (over-the-road) cask, and can be used to transport a wide variety of spent nuclear fuels. Detailed analysis of the cask response to the fire was performed using the ANSYS computer code to evaluate the thermal performance of the cask design in this fire scenario. This report describes the methods and approach used to assess the thermal response of the selected cask design to the conditions predicted in the Caldecott tunnel fire. The results of the analysis are presented in detail, with an evaluation of the cask response to the fire. The staff concluded that some components of smaller transportation casks resembling the NAC LWT, despite placement within an ISO container, could degrade significantly. Small transportation casks similar to the NAC LWT would probably experience failure of seals in this severe accident scenario. USNRC staff evaluated the radiological consequences of the cask response to the Caldecott tunnel fire. Although some components heated up beyond their service temperatures, the staff determined that there would be no significant release as a result of the fire for the NAC LWT and similar casks.

Adkins, Harold E.; Koeppel, Brian J.; Cuta, Judith M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 9-10, 2006 to someone by E-mail August 9-10, 2006 to someone by E-mail Share FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on Facebook Tweet about FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on Twitter Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on Google Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on Delicious Rank FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on Digg Find More places to share FCT Systems Analysis: DOE 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting: August 9-10, 2006 on AddThis.com... Home Analysis Methodologies DOE H2A Analysis Scenario Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery

347

Improvements to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Hydrogen to Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) and Results May 8, 2007 Amgad Elgowainy Argonne National Laboratory Comparison of Delivery Pathways- V1.0 vs. V2.0 2 1 3 i delivery by a Loading, the plant Version 1.0 character zed components for 3 pathways with single mode. conditioning and storage are at or adjacent to Liquid Hydrogen (LH) Truck H2 Production 100 or 1500 kg/d Compressed H2 (CH) Truck H2 Production 3 or 7 kpsi 100 or 1500 kg/d H2 Production Gaseous H2 Pipeline 100 or 1500 kg/d HDSAM V1.0 Estimates Delivery Cost for 3 Pathways 4 H2 H2 1 2 3 H2 Distribution and Ci I. Liquid H2 Distribution: HDSAM V2.0 Simulates Nine Pathways Production Production LH Terminal LH Terminal Production LH Terminal Transmission Transmission Distribution

348

Using HyTrans to Study H2 Transition Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using HyTrans Using HyTrans to Study H2 Transition Scenarios David Greene & Paul Leiby Oak Ridge National Laboratory Elzbieta Tworek Univ. of Tennessee & StrataG David Bowman Consultant DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop January 26, 2006 Washington, DC OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY We will try to cover 4 topics in ½ hour because what we want is your input. 1. What is HyTrans? 2. What can it do? 1. Previous analyses 2. Initial early transition runs 3. What improvements are needed for realistic early transition analysis? 4. How will we interface with NREL's detailed GIS analyses? OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 1. What is HyTrans? OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HyTrans is a national (regional) model of the market

349

Stage 3a: Developing BAU Scenario | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Stage 3a: Developing BAU Scenario Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country

350

de Sitter relativity: a natural scenario for an evolving Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dispersion relation of de Sitter special relativity is obtained in a simple and compact form, which is formally similar to the dispersion relation of ordinary special relativity. It is manifestly invariant under change of scale of mass, energy and momentum, and can thus be applied at any energy scale. When applied to the universe as a whole, the de Sitter special relativity is found to provide a natural scenario for the existence of an evolving cosmological term, and agrees in particular with the present-day observed value. It is furthermore consistent with a conformal cyclic view of the universe, in which the transition between two consecutive eras occurs through a conformal invariant spacetime.

J. P. Beltran Almeida; C. S. O. Mayor; J. G. Pereira

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

Decaying Vacuum Inflationary Cosmologies: A Complete Scenario Including Curvature Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a large class of nonsingular cosmologies of arbitrary spatial curvature whose cosmic history is determined by a primeval dynamical $\\Lambda (t)$-term. For all values of the curvature, the models evolve between two extreme de Sitter phases driven by the relic time-varying vacuum energy density. The transition from inflation to the radiation phase is universal and points to a natural solution of the graceful exit problem regardless of the values of the curvature parameter. The flat case recovers the scenario recently discussed in the literature (Perico et al., Phys. Rev. D88, 063531, 2013). The early de Sitter phase is characterized by an arbitrary energy scale $H_I$ associated to the primeval vacuum energy density. If $H_I$ is fixed to be nearly the Planck scale, the ratio between the relic and the present observed vacuum energy density is $\\rho_{vI}/\\rho_{v0} \\simeq 10^{123}$.

Lima, J A S; Zilioti, G J M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Hybrid Scenario Based Performance Analysis of DSDV and DSSR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The area of mobile ad hoc networking has received considerable attention of the research community in recent years. These networks have gained immense popularity primarily due to their infrastructure-less mode of operation which makes them a suitable candidate for deployment in emergency scenarios like relief operation, battlefield etc., where either the pre-existing infrastructure is totally damaged or it is not possible to establish a new infrastructure quickly. However, MANETs are constrained due to the limited transmission range of the mobile nodes which reduces the total coverage area. Sometimes the infrastructure-less ad hoc network may be combined with a fixed network to form a hybrid network which can cover a wider area with the advantage of having less fixed infrastructure. In such a combined network, for transferring data, we need base stations which act as gateways between the wired and wireless domains. Due to the hybrid nature of these networks, routing is considered a challenging task. Several r...

Majumder, Koushik; 10.5121/ijcsit.2010.2305

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Simplified models for same-spin new physics scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simplified models are an important tool for the interpretation of searches for new physics at the LHC. They are defined by a small number of new particles together with a specific production and decay pattern. The simplified models adopted in the experimental analyses thus far have been derived from supersymmetric theories, and they have been used to set limits on supersymmetric particle masses. We investigate the applicability of such simplified supersymmetric models to a wider class of new physics scenarios, in particular those with same-spin Standard Model partners. We focus on the pair production of quark partners and analyze searches for jets and missing energy within a simplified supersymmetric model with scalar quarks and a simplified model with spin-1/2 quark partners. Despite sizable differences in the detection efficiencies due to the spin of the new particles, the limits on particle masses are found to be rather similar. We conclude that the supersymmetric simplified models employed in current expe...

Edelhuser, Lisa; Sonneveld, Jory

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Probability analysis of dry-day sequences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0. d 0. 5 0. 4 0. 3 0. 2 0. 1 0 20 40 d0 80 100 120 140 140 180 200 220 240 240 280 300 320 340 340 JULIAN DATE Fig, 7. Three-cycle maximum and minimum probabilities for Brownsville, Texas. 1. 0 m I a O 0. 9 0. 8 0. 7 0. d 0. 8 0...PROBABILITY ANALYSIS OF DRY-DAY SEQUENCES IN TEXAS A I'hesis by ROBERT SAMES MILNE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE DECEMBER 1971 Major...

Milne, Robert James

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

On Transforming Belief Function Models to Probability Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

function or a belief function. The plausibility function Pl corresponding to a bpa m for s is defined as Pl: 2 ? s ? [0,1] such that for all a ? 2 ? s , On Transforming Belief Function Models to Probability Models7 Pl(a) = ?{m(b) | b ? a ? ?}. (2..., and Pl m and Bel m are corresponding plausibility and belief functions, then Bel m ({x}) ? BetP m (x) ? Pl m ({x}) for all x ? ? s . (3.2) Belief functions are often interpreted as upper and lower bounds on some true but unknown probabilities...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Global climate change model natural climate variation: Paleoclimate data base, probabilities and astronomic predictors  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University at Palisades, New York, under subcontract to Pacific Northwest Laboratory it is a part of a larger project of global climate studies which supports site characterization work required for the selection of a potential high-level nuclear waste repository and forms part of the Performance Assessment Scientific Support (PASS) Program at PNL. The work under the PASS Program is currently focusing on the proposed site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and is under the overall direction of the Yucca Mountain Project Office US Department of Energy, Las Vegas, Nevada. The final results of the PNL project will provide input to global atmospheric models designed to test specific climate scenarios which will be used in the site specific modeling work of others. The primary purpose of the data bases compiled and of the astronomic predictive models is to aid in the estimation of the probabilities of future climate states. The results will be used by two other teams working on the global climate study under contract to PNL. They are located at and the University of Maine in Orono, Maine, and the Applied Research Corporation in College Station, Texas. This report presents the results of the third year`s work on the global climate change models and the data bases describing past climates.

Kukla, G.; Gavin, J. [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Future joint probability behaviors of precipitation extremes across China: Spatiotemporal patterns and implications for flood and drought hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Observed daily precipitation from 527 meteorology stations in China during 19602005, and simulated daily precipitation from five Earth System Models (ESMs) under historical, RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 scenarios from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) datasets are analyzed to investigate joint probability behaviors of precipitation extremes in China during 20212050 and 20712100. Five joint return periods based on six extreme precipitation indices are defined. These joint return periods consider co-occurrence of extreme heavy and weak precipitation, as well as joint extreme heavy precipitation events in terms of different combinations of extreme precipitation amount, intensity, fractional contribution to annual precipitation days, and consecutive wet periods. Weather Generator Model (WGEN) is used to downscale the outputs of ESMs, and Copula is applied to construct joint probability distributions. The variations of joint return periods with 5-year marginal values (marginal values larger than their 5-year return period values respectively) and 20-year marginal values are discussed to represent changes in joint probability behaviors. Results show that: (1) during 19602005, spatial distributions of joint return periods with 5-year marginal values are similar to those with 20-year marginal values; (2) changes in marginal distributions and bivariate relationships between extreme indices may be the causes of joint probability distributions shift; (3) in general, during 20212050 and 20712100, there are less co-occurrence of consecutive wet and dry days, and more joint extreme heavy precipitation events with various aspects, implying less risk of co-occurrence of floods and droughts in the same year but higher risk of floods in China. But north China may face higher risk of co-occurrence of severe floods and droughts in the same year; and (4) changes in joint return periods under RCP8.5 are more remarkable than under RCP2.6. Even under RCP2.6, a scenario 2C global average warming target is met, the changes in joint return periods are still considerable.

Jianfeng Li; Qiang Zhang; Yongqin David Chen; Vijay P. Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Calculating the probability of injected carbon dioxide plumes encountering faults  

SciTech Connect

One of the main concerns of storage in saline aquifers is leakage via faults. In the early stages of site selection, site-specific fault coverages are often not available for these aquifers. This necessitates a method using available fault data to estimate the probability of injected carbon dioxide encountering and migrating up a fault. The probability of encounter can be calculated from areal fault density statistics from available data, and carbon dioxide plume dimensions from numerical simulation. Given a number of assumptions, the dimension of the plume perpendicular to a fault times the areal density of faults with offsets greater than some threshold of interest provides probability of the plume encountering such a fault. Application of this result to a previously planned large-scale pilot injection in the southern portion of the San Joaquin Basin yielded a 3% and 7% chance of the plume encountering a fully and half seal offsetting fault, respectively. Subsequently available data indicated a half seal-offsetting fault at a distance from the injection well that implied a 20% probability of encounter for a plume sufficiently large to reach it.

Jordan, P.D.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relationships among probability distributions of stream discharges in floods, climate, bed load of both follow power laws. The number N(Q) of days on which the discharge exceeds Q, or the number of the United States. To examine the effect of climate change on bed load transport and river incision, we

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

360

FACTORS AFFECTING DETECTION PROBABILITY OF CALIFORNIA BLACK RAILS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 104 Biological Sciences East, Univer- sity of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA CHRISTINA SULZMAN, Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 104% of evening surveys due to high wind (>25 km/hr). Detection probability increased from 0500 to 0700 hr

Conway, Courtney J.

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361

Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecasting wave height probabilities with numerical weather prediction models Mark S. Roulstona; Numerical weather prediction 1. Introduction Wave forecasting is now an integral part of operational weather methods for generating such forecasts from numerical model output from the European Centre for Medium

Stevenson, Paul

362

How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are capable to reduce the risk to an acceptable level at the lowest possible costs. Risk is defined. The elaborated concepts enable risk managers to comprehensibly quantify the current security status Terms Security Keywords threat probability determination, risk management, infor- mation security 1

363

Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint probability of precipitation and discharge deficits in the Netherlands Jules J. Beersma and T. Adri Buishand Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands Received 14 April] The Netherlands are situated at the downstream end of the Rhine River. A large part of the country can be supplied

Beersma, Jules

364

Security Analysis of Selected AMI Failure Scenarios Using Agent Based Game Theoretic Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Information security analysis can be performed using game theory implemented in dynamic Agent Based Game Theoretic (ABGT) simulations. Such simulations can be verified with the results from game theory analysis and further used to explore larger scale, real world scenarios involving multiple attackers, defenders, and information assets. We concentrated our analysis on the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) functional domain which the National Electric Sector Cyber security Organization Resource (NESCOR) working group has currently documented 29 failure scenarios. The strategy for the game was developed by analyzing five electric sector representative failure scenarios contained in the AMI functional domain. From these five selected scenarios, we characterize them into three specific threat categories affecting confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA). The analysis using our ABGT simulation demonstrates how to model the AMI functional domain using a set of rationalized game theoretic rules decomposed from the failure scenarios in terms of how those scenarios might impact the AMI network with respect to CIA.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL] [ORNL; Schlicher, Bob G [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Scenarios for Benefits Analysis of Energy Research, Development,Demonstration and Deployment  

SciTech Connect

For at least the last decade, evaluation of the benefits of research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RD3) by the U.S. Department of Energy has been conducted using deterministic forecasts that unrealistically presume we can precisely foresee our future 10, 25,or even 50 years hence. This effort tries, in a modest way, to begin a process of recognition that the reality of our energy future is rather one rife with uncertainty. The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is used by the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) and Fossil Energy (FE) for their RD3 benefits evaluation. In order to begin scoping out the uncertainty in these deterministic forecasts, EE and FE designed two futures that differ significantly from the basic NEMS forecast. A High Fuel Price Scenario and a Carbon Cap Scenario were envisioned to forecast alternative futures and the associated benefits. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) implemented these scenarios into its version of NEMS,NEMS-LBNL, in late 2004, and the Energy Information Agency created six scenarios for FE in early 2005. The creation and implementation of the EE-FE scenarios are explained in this report. Both a Carbon Cap Scenario and a High Fuel Price Scenarios were implemented into the NEMS-LBNL. EIA subsequently modeled similar scenarios using NEMS. While the EIA and LBNL implementations were in some ways rather different, their forecasts do not significantly diverge. Compared to the Reference Scenario, the High Fuel Price Scenario reduces energy consumption by 4 percent in 2025, while in the EIA fuel price scenario (known as Scenario 4) reduction from its corresponding reference scenario (known as Scenario 0) in 2025 is marginal. Nonetheless, the 4 percent demand reduction does not lead to other cascading effects that would significantly differentiate the two scenarios. The LBNL and EIA carbon scenarios were mostly identical. The only major difference was that LBNL started working with the AEO 2004NEMS code and EIA was using AEO 2005 NEMS code. Unlike the High Price Scenario the Carbon Cap scenario gives a radically different forecast than the Reference Scenario. NEMS-LBNL proved that it can handle these alternative scenarios. However, results are price inelastic (for both oil and natural gas prices) within the price range evaluated. Perhaps even higher price paths would lead to a distinctly different forecast than the Reference Scenario. On the other hand, the Carbon Cap Scenario behaves more like an alternative future. The future in the Carbon Cap Scenario has higher electricity prices, reduced driving, more renewable capacity, and reduced energy consumption. The next step for this work is to evaluate the EE benefits under each of the three scenarios. Comparing those three sets of predicted benefits will indicate how much uncertainty is inherent within this sort of deterministic forecasting.

Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

2005-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

Technosocial Modeling of IED Threat Scenarios and Attacks  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an approach for integrating sociological and technical models to develop more complete threat assessment. Current approaches to analyzing and addressing threats tend to focus on the technical factors. This paper addresses development of predictive models that encompass behavioral as well as these technical factors. Using improvised explosive device (IED) attacks as motivation, this model supports identification of intervention activities 'left of boom' as well as prioritizing attack modalities. We show how Bayes nets integrate social factors associated with IED attacks into general threat model containing technical and organizational steps from planning through obtaining the IED to initiation of the attack. The social models are computationally-based representations of relevant social science literature that describes human decision making and physical factors. When combined with technical models, the resulting model provides improved knowledge integration into threat assessment for monitoring. This paper discusses the construction of IED threat scenarios, integration of diverse factors into an analytical framework for threat assessment, indicator identification for future threats, and future research directions.

Whitney, Paul D.; Brothers, Alan J.; Coles, Garill A.; Young, Jonathan; Wolf, Katherine E.; Thompson, Sandra E.; Niesen, David A.; Madsen, John M.; Henderson, Cynthia L.

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

367

Late pleistocene ice age scenarios based on observational evidence  

SciTech Connect

Ice age scenarios for the last glacial interglacial cycle, based on observations of Boyle and Keigwin concerning the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation and of Barnola et al. concerning atmospheric CO[sub 2] variations derived from the Vostok ice cores, are herein analyzed. Northern Hemisphere continental ice sheets are simulated with an energy balance model (EBM) that is asynchronously coupled to vertically integrated ice sheets models based on the Glen flow law. The EBM includes both a realistic land-sea distribution and temperature-albedo feedback and is driven with orbital variations of effective solar insolation. With the addition of atmospheric CO[sub 2] and ocean heat flux variations, but not in their absence, a complete collapse is obtained for the Eurasian ice sheet but not for the North American ice sheet. We therefore suggest that further feedback mechanisms, perhaps involving more accurate modeling of the dynamics of the mostly marine-based Laurentide complex appears necessary to explain termination I. 96 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

DeBlonde, G. (Canada Center for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)); Peltier, W.R. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Supplements to the release scenario analyses for the waste isolation pilot plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes three analyses of long-term environmental impacts of the WIPP that were made subsequent to the publication of the DEIS in response to agency and public comments. Three supplemental scenarios are described in which activity is transported to the biosphere by groundwater. The scenarios are entitled: brine pocket rupture scenario, effects of water on domestic wells; and agricultural use of the Pecos River Water.

Bingham, F.W.; Merritt, M.L.; Tierney, M.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Climate-change scenario for the Columbia River basin. Forest Service research paper  

SciTech Connect

This work describes the method used to generate a climate-change scenario for the Columbia River basin. The scenario considers climate patterns that may change if the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2), or its greenhouse gas equivalent, were to double over pre-Industrial Revolution values. A composite approach was taken to generate a climate scenario that considers knowledge of current regional climate controls, available output from general circulation and regional climate models, and observed changes in climate.

Ferguson, S.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Integrating Service-Oriented Mobile Units to Support Collaboration in Ad-hoc Scenarios .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances in wireless communication and mobile computing extend collaboration scenarios. Mobile workers using computing devices are currently able to collaborate in order to carry out (more)

Neyem, Andrs

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft-runway impact scenarios Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to quantify and compare environmental impacts of different waste management options - Use LCA to compare two... ., MS Thesis, Columbia University, 2004 12;Scenario 1 - Best Case...

372

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymptotic safety scenario Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

be regarded as a local change. The effect of scenario 2 would be ... Source: Kelly, Tim - Department of Computer Science, University of York (UK) Collection: Computer...

373

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Base case scenario. The Xcel/PSCo 2004 IRP applied four$49.21 tax. In Colorado, Xcel/PSCos 2004 IRP estimated the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced scenario development Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the use of a future... ) and the scenario detector. 4 Case Study: A Trajectory for Energy Reduction We developed a semi-automatic trajectory... Handling Dynamism in Embedded...

375

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems Alessandra Parisio and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems while minimizing the overall energy use. The strategy uses

Johansson, Karl Henrik

376

Bangladesh-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 AgencyCompany Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning...

377

2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2 Summary Presentation 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting Discussion Group 2 Summary Presentation 2010-2025 Senario Analysis...

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute transition probabilities Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the probability transition function, which... will give a clean representation of the probability transition function from the transition rate matrix... try to compute specific...

379

Electron cyclotron heating scenario and experimental results in LHD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large helical device (LHD) experiment began at the end of March 1998. Fundamental and second harmonic electron cyclotron heating (ECH) are used as a plasma production and heating method with six gyrotrons whose frequencies are 82.6/84 and 168 GHz, respectively. Up to 0.9 MW power has been injected in LHD with long distance corrugated waveguide transmission systems. The maximum pulse width is achieved to 3.0 s/240 kW for the LHD experiments. Six antenna systems have been prepared at the horizontally and vertically elongated poloidal sections. The maximum stored energy using all six gyrotrons is 70 kJ at the averaged density of n?e=41018 m?3. The maximum central electron temperature Te0=3.5 keV is achieved at n?e=31018 m?3. The magnetic field structure in heliotron type devices like LHD, notably near the coil, is complicated. For this oblique injection, a wave is launched from the antenna, and then crosses the plasma in the complex field structure near the coil. The polarization ellipse of the wave is changed along the ray-path. The wave propagation in heliotron type devices has been analyzed in an ideal case that the magnetic field component along the propagation direction can be neglected. Even for perpendicular injection with our antenna systems, the field component along the propagation direction is not so small. Another treatment of the wave-propagation is introduced. Some calculations for the heating scenario with this treatment are shown.

H Idei; S Kubo; T Shimozuma; M Sato; K Ohkubo; Y Yoshimura; Y Takita; S Kobayashi; S Ito; Y Mizuno; K Tsumori; K Ikeda; T Notake; T Watari; O Kaneko; A Komori; H Yamada; P.C de Vries; M Goto; K Ida; S Inagaki; S Kado; K Kawahata; T Kobuchi; T Minami; J Miyazawa; T Morisaki; S Morita; S Murakami; S Muto; Y Nagayama; H Nakanishi; K Narihara; B.J Peterson; S Sakakibara; H Sasao; K Sato; K Tanaka; Y Takeiri; K.Y Watanabe; I Yamada; O Motojima; M Fujiwara

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Probability Density Function Method for Langevin Equations with Colored Noise  

SciTech Connect

We present a novel method to derive closed-form, computable PDF equations for Langevin systems with colored noise. The derived equations govern the dynamics of joint or marginal probability density functions (PDFs) of state variables, and rely on a so-called Large-Eddy-Diffusivity (LED) closure. We demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed PDF method for linear and nonlinear Langevin equations, describing the classical Brownian displacement and dispersion in porous media.

Wang, Peng; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Non-commutative probability I: Operator algebras background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be a compact set, then A = C(, C) is a C-algebra with complex conjugation f = ¯f and supremum norm f = f . Note-algebra is a concrete C-algebra". 3 #12;To do probability, want an analog of the L(). A von Neumann algebra general- izations of Mn then B(H). 8 #12;Random variables, real values hermitian (self

Anshelevich, Michael

382

Thermodynamic Limits, Non-commutative Probability, and Quantum Entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a rigourous model of quantum measurement. A two-state model of a negative temperature amplifier, such as a laser, is taken to a classical thermodynamic limit. In the limit, it becomes a classical measurement apparatus obeying the stochastic axioms of quantum mechanics. Thus we derive the probabilities from a deterministic Schroedinger's equation by procedures analogous to those of classical statistical mechanics. This requires making precise the notion of `macroscopic.'

Joseph F. Johnson

2005-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

Integrable probability: From representation theory to Macdonald processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These are lecture notes for a mini-course given at the Cornell Probability Summer School in July 2013. Topics include lozenge tilings of polygons and their representation theoretic interpretation, the (q,t)-deformation of those leading to the Macdonald processes, nearest neighbor dynamics on Macdonald processes, their limit to semi-discrete Brownian polymers, and large time asymptotic analysis of polymer's partition function.

Alexei Borodin; Leonid Petrov

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Linear Algebra and Probability For Computer Science Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, last para before section 9.3.1, 2nd and 3rd line: ". . . a 0.25 probability of a net utility of 4. p. 89, line before Theorem 4.23: c should be v. 6. p. 150 line -4. The inequalities should be -x + y. 7. p. 141 line -12 (including the formulas): "then s is only the line from p to q only

Davis, Ernest

385

What is the probability that radiation caused a particular cancer  

SciTech Connect

Courts, lawyers, health physicists, physicians, and others are searching for a credible answer to the question posed in the title of this paper. The cases in which the question arises frequently stem from an individual that has cancer and they, or their next-of-kin, are convinced that a past radiation exposure - usually small - is responsible for causing it. An arithmetic expression of this problem is simple: the probability of causation by the radiation dose in question is equal to the risk of cancer from the radiation dose divided by the risk of cancer from all causes. The application of risk factors to this equation is not so simple. It must involve careful evaluation of the reliability of and variations in risk coefficients for development of cancer due to radiation exposure, other carcinogenic agents, and natural causes for the particular individual. Examination of our knowledge of these various factors indicates that a large range in the answers can result due to the variability and imprecision of the data. Nevertheless, the attempts to calculate and the probability that radiation caused the cancer is extremely useful to provide a gross perspective on the probability of causation. It will likely rule in or out a significant number of cases despite the limitations in our understandings of the etiology of cancer and the risks from various factors. For the remaining cases, a thoughtful and educated judgment based on selected data and circumstances of the case will also be needed before the expert can develop and support his opinion.

Voelz, G.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Conditional probabilities in quantum theory, and the tunneling time controversy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that there is a sensible way to define conditional probabilities in quantum mechanics, assuming only Bayes's theorem and standard quantum theory. These probabilities are equivalent to the ``weak measurement'' predictions due to Aharonov {\\it et al.}, and hence describe the outcomes of real measurements made on subensembles. In particular, this approach is used to address the question of the history of a particle which has tunnelled across a barrier. A {\\it gedankenexperiment} is presented to demonstrate the physically testable implications of the results of these calculations, along with graphs of the time-evolution of the conditional probability distribution for a tunneling particle and for one undergoing allowed transmission. Numerical results are also presented for the effects of loss in a bandgap medium on transmission and on reflection, as a function of the position of the lossy region; such loss should provide a feasible, though indirect, test of the present conclusions. It is argued that the effects of loss on the pulse {\\it delay time} are related to the imaginary value of the momentum of a tunneling particle, and it is suggested that this might help explain a small discrepancy in an earlier experiment.

Aephraim M. Steinberg

1995-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

387

Implementation and economical study of HAWT under different wind scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind energy has seen a tremendous growth over the past decade and continues to grow into a major player into the renewable energy market. More than 3% of global electricity supply comes from wind power in 2012. The technology continues to mature thereby reducing the deployment cost at a value competing with the least expensive natural gas power plant. Diligent analysis of the wind including average wind speed, wind gust, boundary layer, seasonal and diurnal wind pattern adding to land mortgage, public perception, road and grid accessibility are all key factors for successful and profitable wind turbine implementation. In this work, the implementation of wind energy in Abu Dhabi was considered. In this study the annual wind data recorded every 10min at Masdar metrological station over a period of three years from 2010 to 2012 are analyzed. The probability density distributions are derived from time series data and the distributional parameters are identified. It is followed by fitting the measured wind data with the maximum likelihood Weibull distribution. The power curves of two commercially available horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) a large size 600kW and small size 3.5kW are coupled with the modelled data to account for the annual energy production and capacity factor. Considering the turbine efficiency, economical study that evaluates the cost of wind energy implementation, returns on investment are conducted accounting for capital cost, annuity, depreciation and operation and maintenance.

Franklyn Kanyako; Isam Janajreh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Major accidents scenarios used for LUP and off-site emergency planning : Importance of kinetic description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Major accidents scenarios used for LUP and off-site emergency planning : Importance of kinetic, INERIS shows a method enabling to integrate, as a second prioritisation criteria, the on-site and off-site. Keywords : Land Use Planning ; off-site emergency planning ; chemical accident scenario ; kinetic 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

Simple scenarios of onset of chaos in three-dimensional maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a qualitative description of two main routes to chaos in three-dimensional maps. We discuss Shilnikov scenario of transition to spiral chaos and a scenario of transition to discrete Lorenz-like and figure-eight strange attractors. The theory is illustrated by numerical analysis of three-dimensional Henon-like maps and Poincare maps in models of nonholonomic mechanics.

Alexander Gonchenko; Sergey Gonchenko; Alexey Kazakov; Dmitry Turaev

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

390

SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY H of primary energy demand by 250% in 2050 we find that a nuclear intensive scenario assuming the development level. Electricity production amounts to almost 40% of the primary energy supplyi , mostly i Here

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Children as vulnerable populations in radiological/nuclear events: discussion scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......approximately half the number of adults. The device is not discovered by anyone and detonates...Scenario 3-241AmBe radiological dispersion device In this scenario, it was recognised that...children who happen to be watching or listening to media reports as they will likely take......

Matthew Rodrigues; Joseph Chaput; Christopher Bellman; Tom Cousins

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Energy Policy 33 (2005) 11171142 Using energy scenarios to explore alternative energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 33 (2005) 1117­1142 Using energy scenarios to explore alternative energy pathways in California Rebecca Ghanadana, *, Jonathan G. Koomeyb a The Energy and Resources Group (ERG), 310 Barrows Hall This paper develops and analyzes four energy scenarios for California that are both exploratory

Kammen, Daniel M.

393

Scenarios of transition to chaos competition in low-temperature plasma  

SciTech Connect

Dynamics of a fireball created in front of a positively biased electrode immersed into low-temperature plasma was experimentally investigated. By analyzing the time series of the oscillations of the current collected by the electrode, several successive scenarios of transitions to chaos were identified: by intermittencies, by cascade of sub-harmonic bifurcations and by quasi-periodicity (Ruelle-Takens scenario)

Dimitriu, D. G. [Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 11 Carol I Blvd., RO-700506 Iasi (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

394

Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Peru South America References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile 2.2 Colombia 2.3 Peru 2.4 Brazil 2.5 Resources 2.5.1 Mitigation Action Country Studies

395

A new scenario framework for climate change research: The concept of Shared Climate Policy Assumptions  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the concept of shared climate policy assumptions as an important element of the new scenario framework. Shared climate policy assumptions capture key climate policy dimensions such as the type and scale of mitigation and adaptation measures. They are not specified in the socio-economic reference pathways, and therefore introduce an important third dimension to the scenario matrix architecture. Climate policy assumptions will have to be made in any climate policy scenario, and can have a significant impact on the scenario description. We conclude that a meaningful set of shared climate policy assumptions is useful for grouping individual climate policy analyses and facilitating their comparison. Shared climate policy assumptions should be designed to be policy relevant, and as a set to be broad enough to allow a comprehensive exploration of the climate change scenario space.

Kriegler, Elmar; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Ebi, Kristie L.; Kram, Tom; Riahi, Keywan; Winkler, Harald; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

An analysis of the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

ME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Wei Cai Stanford University Win 2011 Handout 3. Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assignment of probability in statistical mechanics is subjectively based (e.g. uniform distributionME346A Introduction to Statistical Mechanics ­ Wei Cai ­ Stanford University ­ Win 2011 Handout 3. Probability January 7, 2011 Contents 1 Definitions 2 2 Interpretations of probability 3 3 Probability rules 5

Cai, Wei

398

Conformational statistics of poly(dimethylsiloxane). 1. Probability distribution of rotational isomers from molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conformational statistics of poly(dimethylsiloxane). 1. Probability distribution of rotational isomers from molecular dynamics simulations ...

Ivet Bahar; Ignacio Zuniga; Robert Dodge; Wayne L. Mattice

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Theoretical Backgrounds of the Statistical Methods. Basic Concepts of Probability and Statistics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Theoretical Backgrounds of the Statistical Methods. ... Basic Concepts of Probability and Statistics. ...

Henry Scheffe

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Boston University Department of Biomedical Engineering ENG BE200: Introduction to Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Probability and Statistics Week Date Day Topic 1 Jan 16 W Introduction to the Course, Histograms, Sample Statistics 2 Jan 21 M Holiday Jan 23 W Joint Histograms, Correlation, Regression 3 Jan 28 M Probability Probabilities Feb 6 W Conditional Probability, Statistical Independence 5 Feb 11 M Review Feb 13 W Exam I 6 Feb

Vajda, Sandor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Probability Tables for Mendelian Ratios with Small Numbers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-called ex- Total ...-...-..-..-....-.--. .9999 pected may lead to error in interpretation rather than serving as a valuable aid as it does with large numbers. Examples with other small numbers could be given, but this should iIIustrate the points... is set off so as to show the point beyond which the total probability in that direction is .0050 or less. Mendelian Ratios Combi- 1 130 121 112 10 3 9 4 8 5 7 6 6 7 5 8 4 9 3 10 2 11 .On95 0028 .O002 .. -- I ---- - 1 12 .0016 .0004...

Warwick, B. L. (Bruce L.)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Approximating Probability Density Functions with Mixtures of Truncated Exponentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Thus, the parameters to be estimated are a 0k , a 1k , a 2k ,a 3k , b (j) 1k ,b (j) 2k and b (j) 3k . Define ? ? (k) (x;? mk ) (abbreviated ? ? (k) (x)) as the initial MTE approximation for PDF f X (x) in interval D k .To estimate the parameters ? mk... = {a 0mk ,a 1mk ,a 2mk ,a 3mk ,b (j) 1mk ,b (j) 2mk ,b (j) 3mk } in (1), the discrete approximation to KL divergence between the standard PDF and the MTE approximation is minimized sub- ject to continuity, probability mass and non-negativity constraints...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.; Rumi, Rafael

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Simplifying Probability Elicitation and Uncertainty Modeling in Bayesian Networks  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we contribute two methods that simplify the demands of knowledge elicitation for particular types of Bayesian networks. The ?rst method simplify the task of providing probabilities when the states that a random variable takes can be described by a new, fully ordered state set in which a state implies all the preceding states. The second method leverages Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence to provide a way for the expert to express the degree of ignorance that they feel about the estimates being provided.

Paulson, Patrick R.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Neorr, Peter A.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hossain, Shamina S.

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

Reduced Probabilities of E2-Transitions in {sup 174}Yb  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the ground (gr) and exited states of even-even deformed nuclei with a phenomenological model, which takes into account the mixing of gr states, 0{sub n}{sup +}({beta}{sub n})-, 2{sub n}{sup +}({gamma}{sub n})- and {Kappa}{sup {pi}} 1{sub n}{sup +}- rotational bands. The calculation has been done for the isotope Yb. The energy spectra are found to be consistent with the energies from experimental data. The reduced probabilities of the electric quadrupole E2-transitions from {beta}{sub n} and {gamma}{sub n} band states are calculated and agree quite well with the experimental values.

Okhunov, A. A. [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Institute for Nuclear Physics, Academy Science of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Kassim, Hasan Abu [Quantum Science Center Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

405

A short course on measure and probability theories.  

SciTech Connect

This brief Introduction to Measure Theory, and its applications to Probabilities, corresponds to the lecture notes of a seminar series given at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, during the spring of 2003. The goal of these seminars was to provide a minimal background to Computational Combustion scientists interested in using more advanced stochastic concepts and methods, e.g., in the context of uncertainty quantification. Indeed, most mechanical engineering curricula do not provide students with formal training in the field of probability, and even in less in measure theory. However, stochastic methods have been used more and more extensively in the past decade, and have provided more successful computational tools. Scientists at the Combustion Research Facility of Sandia National Laboratories have been using computational stochastic methods for years. Addressing more and more complex applications, and facing difficult problems that arose in applications showed the need for a better understanding of theoretical foundations. This is why the seminar series was launched, and these notes summarize most of the concepts which have been discussed. The goal of the seminars was to bring a group of mechanical engineers and computational combustion scientists to a full understanding of N. WIENER'S polynomial chaos theory. Therefore, these lectures notes are built along those lines, and are not intended to be exhaustive. In particular, the author welcomes any comments or criticisms.

Pebay, Philippe Pierre

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Strong lensing probability in TeVeS theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recalculate the strong lensing probability as a function of the image separation in TeVeS (tensor-vector-scalar) cosmology, which is a relativistic version of MOND (MOdified Newtonian Dynamics). The lens is modeled by the Hernquist profile. We assume an open cosmology with $\\Omega_b=0.04$ and $\\Omega_\\Lambda=0.5$ and three different kinds of interpolating functions. Two different galaxy stellar mass functions (GSMF) are adopted: PHJ (Panter-Heavens-Jimenez, 2004) determined from SDSS data release one and Fontana (Fontana et al., 2006) from GOODS-MUSIC catalog. We compare our results with both the predicted probabilities for lenses by Singular Isothermal Sphere (SIS) galaxy halos in LCDM (lambda cold dark matter) with Schechter-fit velocity function, and the observational results of the well defined combined sample of Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS) and Jodrell Bank/Very Large Array Astrometric Survey (JVAS). It turns out that the interpolating function $\\mu(x)=x/(1+x)$ combined with Fontana GSMF matches the results from CLASS/JVAS quite well.

Da-Ming Chen

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

407

Scenario analysis using embedded technology roadmap for a digital video system platform for family use development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study proposes a scenario analysis with technology roadmap embedded in a digital video system platform for family use in Taiwan. The analytical process involves eight steps: 1 identifying the target product and its function items; 2 mapping the technology matrix to the product; 3 identifying the technological gap in relation to required technology level; 4 recognising key decision factors; 5 selecting the axis of uncertainty; 6 specifying and polishing scenarios; 7 completing technology roadmap development; 8 investigating the implications of decisions. Three targeted scenarios are developed and seven selected technological attributes are selected to complete the technology roadmap.

Tser-yieth Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR LIQUID WASTE TANKS - PART III  

SciTech Connect

The liquid waste chemistry control program is designed to reduce the pitting corrosion occurrence on tank walls. The chemistry control program has been implemented, in part, by applying engineering judgment safety factors to experimental data. However, the simple application of a general safety factor can result in use of excessive corrosion inhibiting agents. The required use of excess corrosion inhibitors can be costly for tank maintenance, waste processing, and in future tank closure. It is proposed that a probability-based approach can be used to quantify the risk associated with the chemistry control program. This approach can lead to the application of tank-specific chemistry control programs reducing overall costs associated with overly conservative use of inhibitor. Furthermore, when using nitrite as an inhibitor, the current chemistry control program is based on a linear model of increased aggressive species requiring increased protective species. This linear model was primarily supported by experimental data obtained from dilute solutions with nitrate concentrations less than 0.6 M, but is used to produce the current chemistry control program up to 1.0 M nitrate. Therefore, in the nitrate space between 0.6 and 1.0 M, the current control limit is based on assumptions that the linear model developed from data in the <0.6 M region is applicable in the 0.6-1.0 M region. Due to this assumption, further investigation of the nitrate region of 0.6 M to 1.0 M has potential for significant inhibitor reduction, while maintaining the same level of corrosion risk associated with the current chemistry control program. Ongoing studies have been conducted in FY07, FY08, FY09 and FY10 to evaluate the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm and to assess the minimum nitrite concentrations to inhibit pitting in ASTM A537 carbon steel below 1.0 molar nitrate. The experimentation from FY08 suggested a non-linear model known as the mixture/amount model could be used to predict the probability of corrosion in ASTM A537 in varying solutions as shown in Figure 1. The mixture/amount model takes into account not only the ratio (or mixture) of inhibitors and aggressive species, but also the total concentration (or amount) of species in a solution. Historically, the ratio was the only factor taken into consideration in the development of the current chemistry control program. During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to refine the mixture/amount model by further investigating the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions. The results of FY09, as shown in Figure 2, quantified the probability for a corrosion free outcome for combinations of nitrate and nitrite. The FY09 data predict probabilities up to 70%. Additional experimental data are needed to increase the probability to an acceptable percentage.

Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

409

PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR WASTE TANKS - PART II  

SciTech Connect

As part of an ongoing study to evaluate the discontinuity in the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm, a study was conducted this year to assess the minimum concentrations below 1 molar nitrate, see Figure 1. Current controls on the tank farm solution chemistry are in place to prevent the initiation and propagation of pitting and stress corrosion cracking in the primary steel waste tanks. The controls are based upon a series of experiments performed with simulated solutions on materials used for construction of the tanks, namely ASTM A537 carbon steel (A537). During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to investigate the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions (i.e., less than 1 molar nitrate). The experimental results and conclusions herein provide a statistical basis to quantify the probability of pitting for the tank wall exposed to various solutions with dilute concentrations of nitrate and nitrite. Understanding the probability for pitting will allow the facility to make tank-specific risk-based decisions for chemistry control. Based on previous electrochemical testing, a statistical test matrix was developed to refine and solidify the application of the statistical mixture/amount model to corrosion of A537 steel. A mixture/amount model was identified based on statistical analysis of recent and historically collected electrochemical data. This model provides a more complex relationship between the nitrate and nitrite concentrations and the probability of pitting than is represented by the model underlying the current chemistry control program, and its use may provide a technical basis for the utilization of less nitrite to inhibit pitting at concentrations below 1 molar nitrate. FY09 results fit within the mixture/amount model, and further refine the nitrate regime in which the model is applicable. The combination of visual observations and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans indicates a potential for significant inhibitor reductions at nitrate concentrations near 1.0 M without a significant increase in corrosion risk. The complete data sets from FY08 and FY09 testing have determined the statistical basis to confidently inhibit against pitting using nitrite inhibition with the current pH controls. Future testing will complete the spectrum of nitrate concentrations around 1 molar. These results will be combined to provide a complete spectrum for corrosion controls with a risk based component.

Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

410

South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » South Africa-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Name Argentina-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Agency/Company /Organization The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, SouthSouthNorth, University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, Danish Government Sector Climate, Energy Topics Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Pathways analysis Website http://www.mapsprogramme.org Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 MAPS Processes and Outcomes 2.1 Chile

411

Scenarios for Benefits Analysis of Energy Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory or Berkeley Lab LNG liquefied natural gas MtC and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) imports had to be carefullythe Reference Scenario. No new LNG facilities are allowed on

Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analyses | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on H2A Delivery Scenario Model and Analysis for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National...

413

June 3, 2014 Webinar- Features, Events, and Processes: Practical Considerations for Development and Selection of Scenarios  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

P&RA CoP Webinar - June 3, 2014 - Features, Events, and Processes: Practical Considerations for Development and Selection of Scenarios Geoff Freeze (SNL) and Roger Seitz (SRNL)

414

The Role of Abatement Costs in GHG Permit Allocations: A Global Stabilization Scenario Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our objective is to propose permit allocation schemes that lead to a fair distribution of the net abatement cost among regions in a global greenhouse gas (GHG) stabilization scenario. We use a detailed...

Kathleen Vaillancourt; Richard Loulou; Amit Kanudia

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The role of energy intensity improvement in the AR4 GHG stabilization scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyzes the role of energy intensity improvement in the short term (to the year 2020) and midterm (to the year 2050) in the context of long-term greenhouse gases (GHG) stabilization scenarios. The dat...

Tatsuya Hanaoka; Mikiko Kainuma; Yuzuru Matsuoka

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Lifecycle Cost and GHG Implications of a Hydrogen Energy Storage Scenario (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Overview of life cycle cost and green house gas implications of a hydrogen energy storage scenario presented at the National Hydrogen Association Conference & Expo, Long Beach, CA, May 3-6, 2010

Steward, D. M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Generating Rainfall and Temperature Scenarios at Multiple Sites: Examples from the Mediterranean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical downscaling methodology was implemented to generate daily time series of temperature and rainfall for point locations within a catchment, based on the output from general circulation models. The rainfall scenarios were constructed ...

J. P. Palutikof; C. M. Goodess; S. J. Watkins; T. Holt

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Integrating Electricity Subsector Failure Scenarios into a Risk Assessment Methodology (December 2013)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This technical update provides guidance to utilities on developing and implementing a risk assessment process using the failure scenarios developed by the National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR) program.

419

2010- 2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting Agenda for August 9- 10, 2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This agenda provides information about the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure Meeting on August 9 - 10, 2006 in Washington, D.C.

420

Influencing managerial cognition and decisions using scenarios for long-range planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents empirical findings related to two aspects of long-range planning: scenario planning as a planning method and cognition of planners. Long-range planning situations are encountered when designing ...

Phadnis, Shardul Sharad, 1978-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Regional Climate Impact of a Realistic Future Deforestation Scenario in the Congo Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The demand for agricultural land in the Congo basin is expected to yield substantial deforestation over the coming decades. Although several studies exist on the climatological impact of deforestation in the Congo basin, deforestation scenarios ...

Tom Akkermans; Wim Thiery; Nicole P. M. Van Lipzig

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

E-Print Network 3.0 - assumed breakout scenario Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the realized scenario (i.e., "standard" model or break-out... earlier than the remote brightening, argue against the break-out model at the early phase of this event... of...

423

E-Print Network 3.0 - architecture team-lunar scenario Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: architecture team-lunar scenario Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The goal of software architecture...

424

Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURES SCENARIO DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fellow in SUSTAINABLE ENERGY Job Description: The Enbridge Centre for Corporate SustainabilityPostdoctoral Scholar position Area: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURES SCENARIO DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS-doctoral fellow to explore how energy companies engage in planning for sustainable futures. More specifically

de Leon, Alex R.

425

Energy demand and emissions in 2030 in China: scenarios and policy options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent rapid growth of energy use in China now exerts great pressure on energy supply and the environment. This study provides scenarios of future energy development and resulting pollutant and greenhouse gas ......

Kejun Jiang; Xiulian Hu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

ANL-78-XX-95 Energy Level Structure and Transition Probabilities  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

j j ANL-78-XX-95 Energy Level Structure and Transition Probabilities in the Spectra of the Trivalent Lanthanides in LaF- W. T. Carnal! Chemistry Division Argonne National Laboratory Hannah Crosswhite and H. M. Crosswhite Department of Physics The Johns Hopkins University - N O T I C E - Thi* report w u prepared u an account of work sponsored by the United Slates Covemment. Neither the United State* nor ih* United States Department of Energy, nor any of their employees, nor *ny of their contractors, nbcontradon, or their employees, mikes any w i n i n t y , expreis ot implied, or aitumei any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completenea or tisefulrten of any information, apparatus, product or procen disclosed, or represent! that its tat would not infringe privately owned rights.

427

Improving systematic predictions of ?-delayed neutron emission probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The probability Pn of emitting a neutron following ? decay is critical in many areas of nuclear science, from understanding nucleosynethesis during the r process to control of reactor power levels and nuclear waste management. As it is not always easy to measure or calculate, indirect empirical approaches have been developed to estimate the Pn value from the decay Q? value and the neutron separation energy Sn. Here, we present a new prescription incorporating also the half-life T1/2, which correlates the known data better and thus improves an estimation of Pn when only T1/2, Q?, and Sn are known. This new relation can be used to predict Pn values for cases where the half-life is known, thus it can be useful in r-process network calculations and in modeling advanced fuel cycles.

E. A. McCutchan; A. A. Sonzogni; T. D. Johnson; D. Abriola; M. Birch; B. Singh

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

428

Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect

This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.

DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Seismic pulse propagation with constant Q and stable probability distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The one-dimensional propagation of seismic waves with constant Q is shown to be governed by an evolution equation of fractional order in time, which interpolates the heat equation and the wave equation. The fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are expressed in terms of entire functions (of Wright type) in the similarity variable and their behaviours turn out to be intermediate between those for the limiting cases of a perfectly viscous fluid and a perfectly elastic solid. In view of the small dissipation exhibited by the seismic pulses, the nearly elastic limit is considered. Furthermore, the fundamental solutions for the Cauchy and Signalling problems are shown to be related to stable probability distributions with index of stability determined by the order of the fractional time derivative in the evolution equation.

Francesco Mainardi; Massimo Tomirotti

2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

A two-stage scenario for the formation of the Earth's mantle and core Edouard Kaminski n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scenario. Mass balance calculations then yield the composition of the proto-core and the proto-mantle prior

Kaminski, Edouard

431

Development of exposure scenarios for CERCLA risk assessments at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

A CERCLA Baseline Risk Assessment (BRA) is performed to determine if there are any potential risks to human health and the environment from waste unit at SRS. The SRS has numerous waste units to evaluate in the RFMU and CMS/FS programs and, in order to provide a consistent approach, four standard exposure scenarios were developed for exposure assessments to be used in human health risk assessments. The standard exposure scenarios are divided into two temporal categories: (a) Current Land Use in the BRA, and (b) Future Land Use in the RERA. The Current Land Use scenarios consist of the evaluation of human health risk for Industrial Exposure (of a worker not involved in waste unit characterization or remediation), a Trespasser, a hypothetical current On-site Resident, and an Off-site Resident. The Future Land Use scenario considers exposure to an On-site Resident following termination of institutional control in the absence of any remedial action (No Action Alternative), as well as evaluating potential remedial alternatives against the four scenarios from the BRA. A critical facet in the development of a BRA or RERA is the scoping of exposure scenarios that reflect actual conditions at a waste unit, rather than using factors such as EPA Standard Default Exposure Scenarios (OSWER Directive 9285.6-03) that are based on upper-bound exposures that tend to reflect worst case conditions. The use of site-specific information for developing risk assessment exposure scenarios will result in a more realistic estimate of Reasonable Maximum Exposure for SRS waste units.

Nix, D.W.; Immel, J.W. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); Phifer, M.A. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Development of exposure scenarios for CERCLA risk assessments at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

A CERCLA Baseline Risk Assessment (BRA) is performed to determine if there are any potential risks to human health and the environment from waste unit at SRS. The SRS has numerous waste units to evaluate in the RFMU and CMS/FS programs and, in order to provide a consistent approach, four standard exposure scenarios were developed for exposure assessments to be used in human health risk assessments. The standard exposure scenarios are divided into two temporal categories: (a) Current Land Use in the BRA, and (b) Future Land Use in the RERA. The Current Land Use scenarios consist of the evaluation of human health risk for Industrial Exposure (of a worker not involved in waste unit characterization or remediation), a Trespasser, a hypothetical current On-site Resident, and an Off-site Resident. The Future Land Use scenario considers exposure to an On-site Resident following termination of institutional control in the absence of any remedial action (No Action Alternative), as well as evaluating potential remedial alternatives against the four scenarios from the BRA. A critical facet in the development of a BRA or RERA is the scoping of exposure scenarios that reflect actual conditions at a waste unit, rather than using factors such as EPA Standard Default Exposure Scenarios (OSWER Directive 9285.6-03) that are based on upper-bound exposures that tend to reflect worst case conditions. The use of site-specific information for developing risk assessment exposure scenarios will result in a more realistic estimate of Reasonable Maximum Exposure for SRS waste units.

Nix, D.W.; Immel, J.W. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Phifer, M.A. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluating alternative fuels in USA: a proposed forecasting framework using AHP and scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a forecasting framework that integrates the analytic hierarchy process with scenario analysis techniques to explore the commercialisation of future motor fuel technologies. We analyse the reasons for the uncertainty of oil price and how it affects alternative fuel commercialisation. We propose a set of evaluation criteria including Economic, Cultural, Environmental, Sustainability and Development Time. Finally, we develop four different Scenarios to verify the robustness of each alternative.

M.R. Nava; Tugrul U. Daim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mapping socio-economic scenarios of land cover change: A GIS method to enable ecosystem service modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping socio-economic scenarios of land cover change: A GIS method to enable ecosystem service Ecosystem services GIS Scenarios Spatial modelling Tanzania a b s t r a c t We present a GIS method to interpret qualitatively expressed socio-economic scenarios in quantitative map-based terms. (i) We built

Vermont, University of

435

ME366, Section A1 Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ME366, Section A1 Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers FALL of probability and statistics including events, Bayes' theorem, random variables, joint for yourself). DISCUSSION: None, see TF office hours TEXT: Applied Statistics

Lin, Xi

436

Curious and sublime: the connection between uncertainty and probability in physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...InpressThe Everett interpretationOxford handbook on philosophy of physicsR. BattermanOxford...connection between uncertainty and probability in physics. | From its first significant appearance in physics, the notion of probability has been linked...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Low carbon and clean energy scenarios for India: Analysis of targets approach  

SciTech Connect

Low carbon energy technologies are gaining increasing importance in India for reducing emissions as well as diversifying its energy supply mix. The present paper presents and analyses a targeted approach for pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies in the Indian energy market. Targets for these technologies have been constructed on the basis of Indian government documents, policy announcements and expert opinion. Different targets have been set for the reference scenario and the carbon price scenario. In the reference scenario it is found that in the long run all solar, wind and nuclear will achieve their targets without any subsidy push. In the short run however, nuclear and solar energy require significant subsidy push. Nuclear energy requires a much higher subsidy allocation as compared to solar because the targets assumed are also higher for nuclear energy. Under a carbon price scenario, the carbon price drives the penetration of these technologies significantly. Still subsidy is required especially in the short run when the carbon price is low. It is also found that pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies might lead to decrease in share of CCS under the price scenario and biomass under both BAU and price scenario, which implies that one set of low carbon technologies is substituted by other set of low carbon technologies. Thus the objective of emission mitigation might not be achieved due to this substitution. Moreover sensitivity on nuclear energy cost was done to represent risk mitigation for this technology and it was found that higher cost can significantly decrease the share of this technology under both the BAU and carbon price scenario.

Shukla, Priyadarshi R.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-LowEnergy Computingwith Noise: Energy-Performance-Probability Trade-offs* Pinar Korkrnaz with a probability p. Thispaper investigates the trade-o$s between the energy, pet$ormance and probability of design trade-offs associated with its speed (or performance), energy and p. The characterizationis

439

Signal Probability Based Statistical Timing Analysis University of California, San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signal Probability Based Statistical Timing Analysis Bao Liu University of California, San Diego propose sig- nal probability (i.e., the logic one occurrence probability on a net) based statistical estimation tech- niques are categorized as (1) static, (2) statistical, and (3) simulation and testing based

Liu, Bao

440

CLASS COURSE NAME BOOK TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER ISBN# COMMENTS Probability & Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLASS COURSE NAME BOOK TITLE AUTHOR PUBLISHER ISBN# COMMENTS Probability & Statistics For LiberalPrima Wiley 9780470458327 Students can buy used. MAT 521 Summer I Intro to Prob. & Statistics Probability Mathematical Statistics Probability and Statistics, 4/E DeGroot & Schervish Addison-Wesley 9780321500465

Mather, Patrick T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Course: STAT W4700 Title: Probability and Statistics for Data Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Course: STAT W4700 Title: Probability and Statistics for Data Science Semester: Fall 2014 1 Course is a self-contained introduction to probability and statistics with a focus on data science. The topics covered include fundamentals of probability theory and statistical infer- ence, including: probabilistic

Columbia University

442

Boston University Department of Biomedical Engineering ENG BE200: Introduction to Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Probability and Statistics Week Date Day Topic 1 Sep 4 W Introduction to the Course 2 Sep 9 M Histograms, Sample Statistics Sep 11 W Joint Histograms, Correlation, Regression 3 Sep 16 M Probability, Counting Sep 25 W Conditional Probability, Statistical Independence 5 Sep 30 M Review Oct 2 W Exam I 6 Oct 7 M

Vajda, Sandor

443

Robust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classical statistical approaches for multiclass probability estimation are typically based on regression classification; SVM. 1. INTRODUCTION Multiclass probability estimation is an important problem in statisticsRobust Model-Free Multiclass Probability Estimation Yichao WU, Hao Helen ZHANG, and Yufeng LIU

Liu, Yufeng

444

A Prognostic Model That Makes Quantitative Estimates of Probability of Relapse for Breast Cancer Patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models predictions to the true probability of relapse (19 , 20...area is an expression of the probability that, for two randomly chosen...values was evaluated by a z statistic (22 , 23) . These estimations...comparing the average predicted probability with the observed relapse...

Michelino De Laurentiis; Sabino De Placido; Angelo R. Bianco; Gary M. Clark; and Peter M. Ravdin

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Boston University Department of Biomedical Engineering ENG BE200: Introduction to Probability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Probability and Statistics Week Date Day Topic ___ 1 Sep 5 W Introduction to the Course 2 Sep 10 M Histograms, Sample Statistics Sep 12 W Joint Histograms, Correlation, Regression 3 Sep 17 M Probability, Counting Sep 26 W Conditional Probability, Statistical Independence 5 Oct 1 M Review Oct 3 W Exam I 6 Oct 8 M

446

Boston University, College of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Dept. Course title: Probability and Statistics for Mechanical Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by and see if I am free. Course Description: Principles of probability and statistics including events how to report such variations (statistics). There are many, many advanced ideas on probability from a manufacturing line. Course Materials: ! Required Text: "Applied Statistics and Probability

Lin, Xi

447

APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

Leemis, Larry

448

A probable giant planet imaged in the Beta Pictoris disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the discovery of its dusty disk in 1984, Beta Pictoris has become the prototype of young early-type planetary systems, and there are now various indications that a massive Jovian planet is orbiting the star at ~ 10 AU. However, no planets have been detected around this star so far. Our goal was to investigate the close environment of Beta Pic, searching for planetary companion(s). Deep adaptive-optics L'-band images of Beta Pic were recorded using the NaCo instrument at the Very Large Telescope. A faint point-like signal is detected at a projected distance of ~ 8 AU from the star, within the North-East side of the dust disk. Various tests were made to rule out with a good confidence level possible instrumental or atmospheric artifacts. The probability of a foreground or background contaminant is extremely low, based in addition on the analysis of previous deep Hubble Space Telescope images. The object L'=11.2 apparent magnitude would indicate a typical temperature of ~1500 K and a mass of ~ 8 Jovian masses. If confirmed, it could explain the main morphological and dynamical peculiarities of the Beta Pic system. The present detection is unique among A-stars by the proximity of the resolved planet to its parent star. Its closeness and location inside the Beta Pic disk suggest a formation process by core accretion or disk instabilities rather than a binary-like formation process.

A. -M. Lagrange; D. Gratadour; G. Chauvin; T. Fusco; D. Ehrenreich; D. Mouillet; G. Rousset; D. Rouan; F. Allard; E. Gendron; J. Charton; L. Mugnier; P. Rabou; J. Montri; F. Lacombe

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

Efficiency issues related to probability density function comparison  

SciTech Connect

The CANDID project (Comparison Algorithm for Navigating Digital Image Databases) employs probability density functions (PDFs) of localized feature information to represent the content of an image for search and retrieval purposes. A similarity measure between PDFs is used to identify database images that are similar to a user-provided query image. Unfortunately, signature comparison involving PDFs is a very time-consuming operation. In this paper, we look into some efficiency considerations when working with PDFS. Since PDFs can take on many forms, we look into tradeoffs between accurate representation and efficiency of manipulation for several data sets. In particular, we typically represent each PDF as a Gaussian mixture (e.g. as a weighted sum of Gaussian kernels) in the feature space. We find that by constraining all Gaussian kernels to have principal axes that are aligned to the natural axes of the feature space, computations involving these PDFs are simplified. We can also constrain the Gaussian kernels to be hyperspherical rather than hyperellipsoidal, simplifying computations even further, and yielding an order of magnitude speedup in signature comparison. This paper illustrates the tradeoffs encountered when using these constraints.

Kelly, P.M.; Cannon, M.; Barros, J.E.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

ADVANCED PROBABILITY 24 lectures This course aims to cover the advanced topics at the core of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's theorem. Conditional expectation Discrete case, Gaussian case, conditional density functions; existence. Appropriate books R. Durrett Probability: Theory and Examples. Wadsworth 1991 O. Kallenberg Foundations of research in probability theory. There is an emphasis on techniques needed for the rigorous analysis

Sousi, Perla

451

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.  

SciTech Connect

The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

452

Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses - Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results for the Base Case and Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results for the Base Case and Scenarios Energy Systems Division Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62

453

Human scenarios for the screening assessment. Columbia River Comprehensive Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Because of past nuclear production operations along the Columbia River, there is intense public and tribal interest in assessing any residual Hanford Site related contamination along the river from the Hanford Reach to the Pacific Ocean. The Columbia River Impact Assessment (CRCIA) was proposed to address these concerns. The assessment of the Columbia River is being conducted in phases. The initial phase is a screening assessment of risk, which addresses current environmental conditions for a range of potential uses. One component of the screening assessment estimates the risk from contaminants in the Columbia River to humans. Because humans affected by the Columbia river are involved in a wide range of activities, various scenarios have been developed on which to base the risk assessments. The scenarios illustrate the range of activities possible by members of the public coming in contact with the Columbia River so that the impact of contaminants in the river on human health can be assessed. Each scenario illustrates particular activity patterns by a specific group. Risk will be assessed at the screening level for each scenario. This report defines the scenarios and the exposure factors that will be the basis for estimating the potential range of risk to human health from Hanford-derived radioactive as well as non-radioactive contaminants associated with the Columbia River.

Napier, B.A.; Harper, B.L.; Lane, N.K.; Strenge, D.L.; Spivey, R.B.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Accident scenarios for marshalling yards in The Netherlands: private or public fire fighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the introduction of the Seveso and Seveso II directive (1996), many Western European countries have had the opportunity to demand that installations processing hazardous materials have a private fire brigade. In the Netherlands, based on the Dutch company fire brigade decree, certain companies can be compelled to have a private fire brigade (BZK, 1990). Hazardous materials are processed at about 40 marshalling yards (belonging to the infraprovider ProRail) and therefore a company fire brigade might be compulsory. In the Rotterdam harbour area, for several years, a (juridical) discussion has been going on between the Rotterdam municipality and ProRail concerning the marshalling yards in this area. In August 2007, this dispute was brought to the highest court for such affairs in the Netherlands, the Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State. To provide input for this juridical process, an analysis was made for six ProRail marshalling yards, each processing hazardous materials. The results indicate that accident scenarios involving toxic and flammable substances are possible. Based upon the type, development and extent of the accidents, some of these credible scenarios determine the fire fighting quality and quantity, the so-called design scenarios. The Council of State relates the fire brigade capacity to the credible scenarios and not to the design scenarios. The result is that ProRail might be responsible for organising and financing private fire brigades at about 40 marshalling yards.

Nils Rosmuller

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Some theoretical aspects of the group-IIIA-ion atomic clocks: Intercombination transition probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main focus of this paper is the theoretical study of the 3P1?1S0 intercombination transition probabilities of the group-IIIA ions that are excellent candidates for high-accuracy atomic clocks. The importance of relativistic effects on the intercombination transition probabilities is made apparent by comparing their calculated values with those of the allowed 1P1?1S0 transition probabilities. In striking contrast to the allowed transition probabilities, the intercombination transition probabilities exhibit a strong Z dependence.

B. P. Das and M. Idrees

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Characterizing fault-plume intersection probability for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

Leakage of CO{sub 2} out of the designated storage region via faults is a widely recognized concern for geologic carbon sequestration. The probability of such leakage can be separated into the probability of a plume encountering a fault and the probability of flow along such a fault. In the absence of deterministic fault location information, the first probability can be calculated from regional fault population statistics and modeling of the plume shape and size. In this study, fault statistical parameters were measured or estimated for WESTCARB's Phase III pilot test injection in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Combining CO{sub 2} plume model predictions with estimated fault characteristics resulted in a 3% probability that the CO{sub 2} plume will encounter a fault fully offsetting the 180 m (590 ft) thick seal. The probability of leakage is lower, likely much lower, as faults with this offset are probably low-permeability features in this area.

Jordan, Preston D.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Nicot, Jean-Philippe

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

LEDSGP/Transportation Toolkit/Key Actions/Develop Alternative Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Develop Alternative Scenarios Develop Alternative Scenarios < LEDSGP‎ | Transportation Toolkit‎ | Key Actions(Redirected from Transportation Toolkit/Key Actions/Develop Alternative Scenarios) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Transportation Toolkit Home Tools Training Contacts Key Actions for Low-Emission Development in Transportation Although no single approach or fixed process exists for low-emission development strategies (LEDS), the following key actions are necessary steps for implementing LEDS in the transportation sector. Undertaking these actions requires flexibility to adapt to dynamic societal conditions in a way that complements existing climate and development goals in other sectors. Planners, researchers, and decision-makers should customize this LEDS implementation framework for the specific conditions of their transport

458

Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible Electrification and Mitigation: Long-Term GHG Deep-Cut Scenario Compatible with Economic Development Speaker(s): Taishi Sugiyama Date: August 6, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Lynn Price We have analyzed scenarios of Japanese energy systems in the 21st century with special focus on the electrification and climate change mitigation. We have described the causality pathway as to how the major drivers will have impacts on the structure of energy systems and found the followings: (1) Steady electrification in the building sector is expected driven by technological progresses and social change in the absence of climate change policy; (2) With strong greenhouse gas emission constraints, the combination of accelerated electrification across all sectors and

459

Chance discovery and scenario analysis for trend exploration on solar cell technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is essential for managers and stakeholders to well understand the trends of a certain technology so that managers can enhance the performance of a company and stakeholders can make appropriate decisions for investment. Solar cell, one of renewable energies, is growing at a fast pace with its unexhausted and non-polluted natures. Meanwhile, the patent data contains plentiful technical information from which is worth exploring to extract further knowledge. Therefore, an integrated approach of chance discovery and scenario analysis has been proposed so as to analyse the patent data, to form the scenarios and to explore the trends of solar cell technology. Finally, the technical topics of solar cell have been realised, the relation patterns between topics have been identified, the scenarios and trends of each topic have been revealed and the tendency of overall situation have also been observed.

Tzu-Fu Chiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Co-evolutionary scenarios for creative prototyping of future robot systems for civil protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Co-evolutionary scenarios are used for creative prototyping with the purpose of assessing potential implications of future autonomous robot systems on civil protection. The methodology is based on a co-evolutionary scenario approach and the development of different evolutionary paths. Opportunities, threats and ethical aspects in connection with the introduction of robotics in the domestic security and safety sector are identified using an iterative participatory workshop methodology. Three creative prototypes of robotic systems are described: RoboMall, RoboButler and SnakeSquad. The debate in society that might follow the introduction of these three robot systems and society's response to the experienced ethical problems and opportunities are discussed in the context of two scenarios of different future societies.

Henrik Carlsen; Linda Johansson; Per Wikman-Svahn; Karl Henrik Dreborg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Scenario development for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Building confidence in the assessment  

SciTech Connect

Scenario development is part of the iterative performance assessment (PA) process for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Scenario development for the WIPP has been the subject of intense external review and is certain to be the subject of continued scrutiny as the project proceeds toward regulatory compliance. The principal means of increasing confidence in this aspect of the PA will be through the use of the systematic and thorough procedure toward developing the scenarios and conceptual models on which the assessment is to be based. Early and ongoing interaction with project reviewers can assist with confidence building. Quality of argument and clarity of presentation in PA will be of key concern. Appropriate tools are required for documenting and tracking assumptions, through a single assessment phase, and between iterative assessment phases. Risks associated with future human actions are of particular concern to the WIPP project, and international consensus on the principles for incorporation of future human actions in assessments would be valuable.

Galson, D.A.; Swift, P.N.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Natural gas network resiliency to a %22shakeout scenario%22 earthquake.  

SciTech Connect

A natural gas network model was used to assess the likely impact of a scenario San Andreas Fault earthquake on the natural gas network. Two disruption scenarios were examined. The more extensive damage scenario assumes the disruption of all three major corridors bringing gas into southern California. If withdrawals from the Aliso Canyon storage facility are limited to keep the amount of stored gas within historical levels, the disruption reduces Los Angeles Basin gas supplies by 50%. If Aliso Canyon withdrawals are only constrained by the physical capacity of the storage system to withdraw gas, the shortfall is reduced to 25%. This result suggests that it is important for stakeholders to put agreements in place facilitating the withdrawal of Aliso Canyon gas in the event of an emergency.

Ellison, James F.; Corbet, Thomas Frank,; Brooks, Robert E. [RBAC, Inc., Sherman Oaks, CA

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Neutronic Study of Slightly Modified Water Reactors and Application to Transition Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we have studied slightly modified water reactors and their applications to transition scenarios. The PWR and CANDU reactors have been considered. New fuels based on Thorium have been tested: Thorium/Plutonium and Thorium/Uranium- 233, with different fissile isotope contents. Changes in the geometry of the assemblies were also explored to modify the moderation ratio, and consequently the neutron flux spectrum. A core equivalent assembly methodology was introduced as an exploratory approach and to reduce the computation time. Several basic safety analyses were also performed. We have finally developed a new scenario code, named OSCAR (Optimized Scenario Code for Advanced Reactors), to study the efficiency of these modified reactors in transition to Gen IV reactors or in symbiotic fleet. (authors)

Chambon, Richard; Guillemin, Perrine; Nuttin, Alexis; Bidaud, A. [LPSC, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble 53 Av. Des Martyrs, 38000 Grenoble (France); Capellan, N.; David, S.; Meplan, O.; Wilson, J. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire - IPN, 15 rue Georges Clemenceau 91406 Orsay (France)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

9. CS and discrete probability David Keil CS II 7/02 David Keil 1/03 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

probability) · Intuition: given some knowledge of an object, and some statistics about the population1 9. CS and discrete probability David Keil CS II 7/02 David Keil 1/03 1 Computer science and discrete probability · Probability space · Independent and dependent events · Conditional probability

Keil, David M.

465

Combining technology roadmap and system dynamics simulation to support scenario-planning: A case of car-sharing service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the volatile market environment, the use of scenario approach comes to the forefront in business strategy. As a means of scenario planning, several approaches have been proposed and conducted. However, previous research, mainly having resorted to the expert judgment for planning and evaluation, still remains conceptual and lacks a systematic link to the planning process. In response, this paper provides an integrative approach to the technology roadmap and system dynamics to support scenario planning. The proposed approach consists of three parts: scenario building, technology roadmapping, and system dynamics simulation. The first step is to construct the scenarios which are used as inputs for the scenario planning. Second, technology roadmap is developed, incorporating the scenarios built in the first step. The technology roadmap works as a strategic framework to realize the hypothetical scenarios, linking the external and hypothetical business and internal strategies. Finally, the strategic model for technology roadmap is transferred to the operational viewpoint using system dynamics. When the simulation ends, the result of each scenario is reflected to the technology roadmapping, making the multi-path technology roadmapping. As an illustrative example, three scenarios of car-sharing business are developed and analyzed.

Youngjung Geum; Sora Lee; Yongtae Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Scenario Jedi  

Energy Savers (EERE)

- Income from work - Includes wages, salaries, employer provided supplements (retirement, health) Gross output - Measure of total economic activity - Value of production plus...

467

SCENARIOS FOR MEETING CALIFORNIA'S 2050 CLIMATE GOALS California's Carbon Challenge Phase II Volume I: Non-Electricity Sectors and Overall Scenario Results  

SciTech Connect

This study provides an updated analysis of long-term energy system scenarios for California consistent with the State meeting its 2050 climate goal, including detailed analysis and assessment of electricity system build-out, operation, and costs across the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) region. Four key elements are found to be critical for the State to achieve its 2050 goal of 80 percent greenhouse (GHG) reductions from the 1990 level: aggressive energy efficiency; clean electricity; widespread electrification of passenger vehicles, building heating, and industry heating; and large-scale production of low-carbon footprint biofuels to largely replace petroleum-based liquid fuels. The approach taken here is that technically achievable energy efficiency measures are assumed to be achieved by 2050 and aggregated with the other key elements mentioned above to estimate resultant emissions in 2050. The energy and non-energy sectors are each assumed to have the objective of meeting an 80 percent reduction from their respective 1990 GHG levels for the purposes of analysis. A different partitioning of energy and non-energy sector GHG greenhouse reductions is allowed if emission reductions in one sector are more economic or technically achievable than in the other. Similarly, within the energy or non-energy sectors, greater or less than 80 percent reduction from 1990 is allowed for sub-sectors within the energy or non-energy sectors as long as the overall target is achieved. Overall emissions for the key economy-wide scenarios are considered in this report. All scenarios are compliant or nearly compliant with the 2050 goal. This finding suggests that multiple technical pathways exist to achieve the target with aggressive policy support and continued technology development of largely existing technologies.

Wei, Max; Greenblatt, Jeffrey; Donovan, Sally; Nelson, James; Mileva, Ana; Johnston, Josiah; Kammen, Daniel

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

cancer indicates a similar scenario, whereby MET amplification and mutation in the T790  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cancer indicates a similar scenario, whereby MET amplification and mutation in the T790 residue- resistant forms of the cancer-associated kinase BCR­ABL have enhanced oncogenicity, there is growing spectrum of cancers, not just those with driver kinase mutations, might be sensitive to cocktails of kinase

Weiblen, George D

469

Estimation of the Transportation Risks for the Spent Fuel in Korea for Various Transportation Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

According to the long term management strategy for spent fuels in Korea, they will be transported from the spent fuel pools in each nuclear power plant to the central interim storage facility (CISF) which is to start operation in 2016. Therefore, we have to determine the safe and economical logistics for the transportation of these spent fuels by considering their transportation risks and costs. In this study, we developed four transportation scenarios by considering the type of transportation casks and transport means in order to suggest safe and economical transportation logistics for the spent fuels in Korea. Also, we estimated and compared the transportation risks for these four transportation scenarios. From the results of this study, we found that these four transportation scenarios for spent fuels have a very low radiological risk activity with a manageable safety and health consequences. The results of this study can be used as basic data for the development of safe and economical logistics for a transportation of the spent fuels in Korea by considering the transportation costs for the four scenarios which will be needed in the near future. (authors)

Jongtae, Jeong; Cho, D.K.; Choi, H.J.; Choi, J.W. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Yuseong, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Issues and Scenarios for Self-Managing Grid Middleware Philippe Collet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues and Scenarios for Self-Managing Grid Middleware Philippe Collet Université de Nice Sophia resources, heterogeneity of hardware and software operated or incompatibilities between software components to the grid middleware. We also outline a flexible self-adaptive framework that aims at using model

Boyer, Edmond

471

Modeling He-rich subdwarfs through the Hot-Flasher scenario: First Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present first results from evolutionary simulations aimed at exploring the Hot-Flasher scenario for the formation of H-deficient subdwarf stars. The two types of late hot flashers that lead to He-enriched surfaces, "deep" and "shallow" mixing cases, are investigated for different metallicities.

Marcelo M. Miller Bertolami; Leandro G. Althaus

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Future scenarios and trends in energy generation in brazil: supply and demand and mitigation forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The structure of the Brazilian energy matrix defines Brazil as a global leader in power generation from renewable sources. In 2011, the share of renewable sources in electricity production reached 88.8%, mainly due to the large national water potential. Although the Brazilian energy model presents a strong potential for expansion, the total energy that could be used with most current renewable technologies often outweighs the national demand. The current composition of the national energy matrix has outstanding participation of hydropower, even though the country has great potential for the exploitation of other renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and biomass. This document therefore refers to the trend of evolution of the Brazilian Energy Matrix and exposes possible mitigation scenarios, also considering climate change. The methodology to be used in the modeling includes the implementation of the LEAP System (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning) program, developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute, which allows us to propose different scenarios under the definition of socioeconomic scenarios and base power developed in the context of the REGSA project (Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation in South America). Results envision future scenarios and trends in power generation in Brazil, and the projected demand and supply of electricity for up to 2030.

Jos Baltazar Salgueirinho Osrio De Andrade Guerra; Luciano Dutra; Norma Beatriz Camiso Schwinden; Suely Ferraz de Andrade

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fraud Detection in ERP Systems using Scenario Asadul K. Islam1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fraud Detection in ERP Systems using Scenario Matching Asadul K. Islam1 , Malcom Corney1 , George of fraud. In addition however, there is an imperative need for detection of more sophisticated patterns of fraud. This paper describes the design and implementation of a framework for detecting patterns

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

Analysing forest sustainability under various climate change scenarios: a case study in northern Scotland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysing forest sustainability under various climate change scenarios: a case study in northern to measure and assess forest sustainability. The Northern ToSIA (Tool for Sustainability Impact Assessment) project is focussed on developing tools for assessing the sustainability of forest based activities

475

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios Jack on the following papers with R. Dermisek: · New constraints on a light CP-odd Higgs boson and related NMSSM Ideal CP-odd Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC. Published in Phys.Rev.D81:055001,2010, arXiv:0911

California at Santa Cruz, University of

476

Linear Programming and Future Landuse Scenarios: An Irrigated Catchment Case Study 1 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gyles and Olive Montecillo Potential for change in the mix of irrigated enterprises was estimated development scenarios using medium to long term world market demand forecasts and catchment based regional supply response estimates. Modeling the supply response to changes in prices and policies provides

Dragoti-?ela, Eranda

477

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of high energy prices on long-term energy-economic scenarios for Germany Volker Krey1 , Dag and Technology Evaluation (IEF-STE), 52425 Jülich, Germany 2) DIW Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 5, 14195 Berlin, Germany 3) ?ko-Institut, Novalisstr. 10, 10115 Berlin, Germany Abstract Prices of oil and other fossil

478

Performance of Quantized Congestion Notification in TCP Incast Scenarios of Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION Data is being stored in big data centers and accessed increasingly over wide area networks. Google data in such data centers. The economies of scale are driving these data centers to become bigPerformance of Quantized Congestion Notification in TCP Incast Scenarios of Data Centers Prajjwal

Reddy, Narasimha

479

Scenarios constructed for nominal flow in the presence of a repository at Yucca Mountain and vicinity  

SciTech Connect

Scenario development for the system performance assessment of the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project defines a scenario as a well-posed problem connecting an initiating event with radionuclide release to the accessible environment by a logical and physically possible combination or sequence of features, events, and processes. Drawing on the advice and assistance of the Project`s principal investigators (PIs), a collection of release scenarios initiated by the nominal ground-water flow occurring in the vicinity of the potential Yucca Mountain high-level-waste repository is developed and described in pictorial form. This collection of scenarios is intended to provide a framework to assist PIs in recognizing essential field and calculational analyses, to assist performance assessment in providing guidance to site characterization, and to continue the effort to exhaustively identify all features, events, and processes important to releases. It represents a step in the iterative process of identifying what details of the potential site are important for safe disposal. 67 refs.

Barr, G.E.; Hunter, R.L.; Dunn, E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Flint, A. [Geological Survey, Mercury, NV (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Scenario-Based Fault-Tolerant Model Predictive Control for Diesel-Electric Marine Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scenario-Based Fault-Tolerant Model Predictive Control for Diesel-Electric Marine Power Plant where diesel gener- ator sets (a diesel engine connected to a generator) produce electrical power, which Email: torstein.bo@itk.ntnu.no, tor.arne.johansen@itk.ntnu.no Abstract--Diesel-electric propulsion

Johansen, Tor Arne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "outage scenario probabilities" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts in the United States: Four Regional Scenarios  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report uses the offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model and provides four case studies of potential offshore wind deployment scenarios in different regions of the United States: the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Gulf Coast, and the Mid-Atlantic.

482

Novel scenarios for sustainable waterway sediments management deduced from a decision-support tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel scenarios for sustainable waterway sediments management deduced from a decision-support tool-(0)-238-643504 E-mail: b.lemiere@brgm.fr Introduction: Sediments accumulating in waterways represent a triple dredging releases millions of m3 of sediments, from which a large part is contaminated or even polluted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

Ris Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø Energy Report 4 International trends and scenarios for future energy systems 3 Introduction In evaluations of long term energy forecasts made in the past the conclusion often is that a large number on internationally recognised scientific material". One key observation in a recent evaluation of long term energy

484

Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a small percentage of EV sales with the ZEV mandate). WithNow, a portion of the 10% EV sales mandate can be composedSales - High Produciton Volume Scenario Subcompact Vehicle Chassis Manufacturing Costs GM Ovonics Projection of Selling Prices of NiMH EV

Lipman, Timothy E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Costs and benefits of logistics pooling for urban freight distribution: scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Costs and benefits of logistics pooling for urban freight distribution: scenario simulation Collaborative transportation and logistics pooling are relatively new concepts in research, but are very popular in practice. In the last years, collaborative transportation seems a good city logistics alternative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

486

Design and scenario assessment for collaborative logistics and freight transport systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Design and scenario assessment for collaborative logistics and freight transport systems Jesus Collaboration between partners is a very popular subject in both logistics and decision support research of logistics and freight transport, as well as to describe the links between freight transport and supply chain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

487

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications with third-party libraries through var- ious APIs. Using these library APIs often needs to follow certain usage patterns. Furthermore, ordering rules (specifications) exist between APIs, and these rules govern

Pei, Jian

488

Economic Impacts of the Arkstorm Scenario1 Ian Sue Wing1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impacts of the Arkstorm Scenario1 Ian Sue Wing1 ; Adam Z. Rose2 ; and Anne M. Wein3 2 3 equilibrium model of the California economy to perform this economic consequence analysis.8 Economic and wind damages, economic impacts; business18 interruption; economic resilience; computable general

Wing, Ian Sue

489

SCENARIOS FOR AN AUTONOMIC MICRO SMART GRID Sylvain Frey1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presents a series of scenarios relative to micro smart grids ­ district-size "smart" electricity networks electricity grid management expensive and complex. Differences between consumption troughs and peaks (e for private use. Private users were so far exclusively consumers, now they may get the capability

Diaconescu, Ada

490

Evaluating eXtreme Scenario-based Design in a Distributed Agile Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virginia Tech Blacksburg VA 24061-0106 mccricks@cs.vt.edu #12;Introduction Agile software development exploring ways to integrate usability into agile software development methodologies. However, they do with Meridium, Inc. to look at how eXtreme Scenario-based Design (XSBD), an agile usability approach developed

491

An economic assessment of the impact of two crude oil price scenarios on households  

SciTech Connect

The impact of two possible future crude oil price scenarios -- high and low price cases -- is assessed for three population groups: majority (non-Hispanic and nonblack), black, and Hispanic. The two price scenarios were taken from the energy security'' report published by the US Department of Energy in 1987. Effects of the two crude oil price scenarios for the 1986--95 period are measured for energy demand and composition and for share of income spent on energy by the three population groups at both the national and census-region levels. The effects on blacks are marginally more adverse than on majority householders, while effects on Hispanics are about the same as those on the majority. Little change is seen in percentage of income spent on energy over the forecast period. Both Hispanic and black households would spend a larger share of their incomes on energy than would majority households. The relatively adverse effects in the higher price scenario shift from the South and West Census regions to the Northeast and Midwest. 24 refs., 7 figs., 22 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S.; Hemphill, R.C.; Hill, L.G.; Marinelli, J.L.; Rose, K.J.; Santini, D.J.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact: Four Regional Scenarios (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model for Offshore Wind, is a computer tool for studying the economic impacts of fixed-bottom offshore wind projects in the United States. This presentation provides the results of an analysis of four offshore wind development scenarios in the Southeast Atlantic, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico regions.

Tegen, S.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Our scenario is akin to the magnetic furnace model proposed by Axford and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our scenario is akin to the magnetic furnace model proposed by Axford and McKenzie (14­16) and to ideas invoking reconnection of mesoscale loops (38, 39). We adopt from the furnace model the idea. However, our model of the nascent solar wind is intrinsically 3-D, and the magnetic field geometry

Pe'er, Dana

494

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persisting cold extremes under 21stcentury warming scenarios Evan Kodra,1,2 Karsten Steinhaeuser,1 27 April 2011. [1] Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold. The gridbased intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three

Minnesota, University of

495

Double Ended Guillotine Break in a Prismatic Block VHTR Lower Plenum Air Ingress Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The double ended guillotine break leading to density-driven air ingress has been identified as a low probability yet high consequence event for Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR). The lower plenum of the VHTR contains the core support structure...

Hartley, Jessica

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

496

Integrated modelling of steady-state scenarios and heating and current drive mixes for ITER  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent progress on ITER steady-state (SS) scenario modelling by the ITPA-IOS group is reviewed. Code-to-code benchmarks as the IOS group's common activities for the two SS scenarios (weak shear scenario and internal transport barrier scenario) are discussed in terms of transport, kinetic profiles, and heating and current drive (CD) sources using various transport codes. Weak magnetic shear scenarios integrate the plasma core and edge by combining a theory-based transport model (GLF23) with scaled experimental boundary profiles. The edge profiles (at normalized radius ? = 0.81.0) are adopted from an edge-localized mode-averaged analysis of a DIII-D ITER demonstration discharge. A fully noninductive SS scenario is achieved with fusion gain Q = 4.3, noninductive fraction fNI = 100%, bootstrap current fraction fBS = 63% and normalized beta ?N = 2.7 at plasma current Ip = 8?MA and toroidal field BT = 5.3?T using ITER day-1 heating and CD capability. Substantial uncertainties come from outside the radius of setting the boundary conditions (? = 0.8). The present simulation assumed that ?N (?) at the top of the pedestal (? = 0.91) is about 25% above the peelingballooning threshold. ITER will have a challenge to achieve the boundary, considering different operating conditions (Te/Ti ? 1 and density peaking). Overall, the experimentally scaled edge is an optimistic side of the prediction. A number of SS scenarios with different heating and CD mixes in a wide range of conditions were explored by exploiting the weak-shear steady-state solution procedure with the GLF23 transport model and the scaled experimental edge. The results are also presented in the operation space for DT neutron power versus stationary burn pulse duration with assumed poloidal flux availability at the beginning of stationary burn, indicating that the long pulse operation goal (3000?s) at Ip = 9?MA is possible. Source calculations in these simulations have been revised for electron cyclotron current drive including parallel momentum conservation effects and for neutral beam current drive with finite orbit and magnetic pitch effects.

M. Murakami; J.M. Park; G. Giruzzi; J. Garcia; P. Bonoli; R.V. Budny; E.J. Doyle; A. Fukuyama; N. Hayashi; M. Honda; A. Hubbard; S. Ide; F. Imbeaux; E.F. Jaeger; T.C. Luce; Y.-S. Na; T. Oikawa; T.H. Osborne; V. Parail; A. Polevoi; R. Prater; A.C.C. Sips; J. Snipes; H.E. St. John; P.B. Snyder; I. Voitsekhovitch; ITPA/Integrated Operation Scenario Group

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

134 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 60, NO. 1, MARCH 2011 Exploring Complex Systems Aspects of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

loading OPA Simulation of evolving network with cascading transmission line outages; Initial letters outage due to external physical cause Probability for an overloaded transmission line to outage Average transmission line joining node to node Maximum power flow through transmission line joining node to node

Dobson, Ian

498

A comparison of the initial and conditional probabilities for dry-day sequences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improves with increasing threshold. I rom this ir formation a romngram was constructed for th& purpose of graph Lcaily estimating the conditional probability given a value of the initial probability (for. any day t). Original. regression equations were... modified such that the modified regression lir ca conformed to theoretically correct con liticns and parsed through point (1, 1) of t' he. nomogram. The nocitivc r . latior el, ip is maintained bctwccn t!. e initial aud conc!itionai probabilities...

Fresh, Herman Elwood

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Development of ITER 15 MA ELMy H-mode Inductive Scenario  

SciTech Connect

The poloidal field (PF) coil system on ITER, which provides both feedforward and feedback control of plasma position, shape, and current, is a critical element for achieving mission performance. Analysis of PF capabilities has focused on the 15 MA Q = 10 scenario with a 300-500 s flattop burn phase. The operating space available for the 15 MA ELMy H-mode plasma discharges in ITER and upgrades to the PF coils or associated systems to establish confidence that ITER mission objectives can be reached have been identified. Time dependent self-consistent free-boundary calculations were performed to examine the impact of plasma variability, discharge programming, and plasma disturbances. Based on these calculations a new reference scenario was developed based upon a large bore initial plasma, early divertor transition, low level heating in L-mode, and a late H-mode onset. Equilibrium analyses for this scenario indicate that the original PF coil limitations do not allow low li (<0.8) operation or lower flux states, and the flattop burn durations were predicted to be less than the desired 400 s. This finding motivates the expansion of the operating space, considering several upgrade options to the PF coils. Analysis was also carried out to examine the feedback current reserve required in the CS and PF coils during a series of disturbances and a feasibility assessment of the 17 MA scenario was undertaken. Results of the studies show that the new scenario and modified PF system will allow a wide range of 15 MA 300-500 s operation and more limited but finite 17 MA operation.

Kessel, C. E.; Campbell, D.; Gribov, Y.; Saibene, G.; Ambrosino, G.; Casper, T.; Cavinato, M.; Fujieda, H.; Hawryluk, R.; Horton, L. D.; Kavin, A.; Kharyrutdinov, R.; Koechl, F.; Leuer, J.; Loarte, A.; Lomas, P. J.; Luce, T.; Lukash, V.; Mattei, M.; Nunes, I.; Parail, V.; Polevoi, A.; Portone, A.; Sartori, R.; Sips, A. C.C.; Thomas, P. R.; Welander, A.; Wesley, J.

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

500

Comparison of probability density functions for analyzing irradiance statistics due to atmospheric turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large number of model probability density functions (PDFs) are used to analyze atmospheric scintillation statistics. We have analyzed scintillation data from two different...

Mclaren, Jason R W; Thomas, John C; Mackintosh, Jessica L; Mudge, Kerry A; Grant, Kenneth J; Clare, Bradley A; Cowley, William G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z