Sample records for ounce pound short

  1. An ounce of prevention vs. a pound of cure: How can we measure the value of IT security solutions?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arora, Ashish; Hall, Dennis; Pinto, C. Ariel; Ramsey, Dwayne; Telang, Rahul

    2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses a framework to evaluate the costs and benefits of IT security solutions using a company's risk profile. This method uses an unconventional concept of benefit based on risk avoided rather than increased productivity.

  2. An ounce of prevention vs. a pound of cure: How can we measure the value of IT security solutions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arora, Ashish; Hall, Dennis; Pinto, C. Ariel; Ramsey, Dwayne; Telang, Rahul

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    case in point where sensible CISO or CIO will use more thanthe demand for CIO’s and CISO’s to be more prudent in

  3. (The Elephant's Toothpaste Experiment) A clean 16 ounce plastic soda bottle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benitez-Nelson, Claudia

    (The Elephant's Toothpaste Experiment) A clean 16 ounce plastic soda bottle 1/2 cup 20-volume will overflow from the bottle, so be sure to do this experiment on a washable surface, or place the bottle to carefully pour the hydrogen peroxide into the bottle. 2. Add 8 drops of your favorite food coloring

  4. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minimization/ Volume Reduction 0 Solid Radioactive Waste $2,168 $0 $2,168 Vial Crusher for glass vialsWASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2004 WASTE TYPE DESCRIPTION DETAILS * Automotive Waste Substitution 510 Hazardous Waste $1,020 $1,000 $1,000 Aqueous Solvent

  5. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    labeled chemicals Waste Minimization/ Volume Reduction 0 Solid Radioactive Waste $2,168 $3,795 $2,168 VialWASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED, REUSED, RECYCLED OR CONSERVED IN 2003 WASTE TYPE DESCRIPTION DETAILS * Radioactive Waste Source Reduction 1,500 Radioactive Waste $6,000 $2,500 $6,000 Waste

  6. Weed Busters: How to Pound Threadleaf Groundsel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinty, Allan; Hart, Charles R.; Cadenhead, J. F.

    2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    L-5470 9/05 How to Pound Threadleaf Groundsel (Senecio) Safe and effective three-step ways to control threadleaf groundsel Weed Treatment Series Allan McGinty, Charles Hart and J. F. Cadenhead Extension Range Specialists The Texas A&M University...

  7. An analysis of Ezra Pound's attitudes in the Pisan Cantos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackin, Samuel Jack

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United SCates coaman4 post, at Javsgna and thence co genoa for interrogation, lS after being held under house arrest at Genoa for several weeks, he was transferred to Che kary Disciplinary Training Center at Pisa, Italy, where he was held from Ney... Cent in the medical compound, where he recovered. It was here at the Pisa GTC that Che first draft of the ~L C~gg@g was written. The ~@~CQgQg are a record of Pound~a life and mind during the time Chat he wae imprisoned at Pisai 17?~era pound ac...

  8. Potential Supply Impacts of Removal of 1-Pound RVP Waiver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    trends, and current laws and regulations. The EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2002 (AEO2002) is usedPotential Supply Impacts of Removal of 1-Pound RVP Waiver September 2002 #12;ii Energy Information by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration. General questions concerning the report

  9. Pounding and impact of base isolated buildings due to earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Vivek Kumar

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ...............................................................................12 1.2.1. Fixed base buildings.....................................................................12 1.2.2. Base isolated buildings.................................................................12 1.3. Study objective.........................................................................24 2.2.1. Single degree of freedom system..................................................24 2.2.2. Two degree of freedom system ....................................................28 2.3. Base isolation with building pounding...

  10. How much healthy protein do I need? The average person needs 5 1/2 ounces of protein-rich foods each day.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    each day. What gives ONE ounce of protein? Beans & Peas 1/4 cup cooked beans or tofu Nuts & Seeds 1 or palm of your hand. Healthy PROTEIN Foods Beans & Peas kidney beans, red beans, black beans, pinto beans, white beans, chickpeas, green peas, soybeans, tofu, and more Nuts & Seeds peanuts, almonds, walnuts

  11. Pound Ridge, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: EnergyPiratiniEdwards,PoseyPoudre Valley R E A, Inc JumpPound

  12. Pound-Rebka experiment and torsion in the Schwarzschild spacetime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maluf, J. W.; Ulhoa, S. C.; Faria, F. F. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, C. P. 04385, 70.919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil)

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop some ideas discussed by E. Schucking [arXiv:0803.4128] concerning the geometry of the gravitational field. First, we address the concept according to which the gravitational acceleration is a manifestation of the space-time torsion, not of the curvature tensor. It is possible to show that there are situations in which the geodesic acceleration of a particle may acquire arbitrary values, whereas the curvature tensor approaches zero. We conclude that the space-time curvature does not affect the geodesic acceleration. Then we consider the Pound-Rebka experiment, which relates the time interval {delta}{tau}{sub 1} of two light signals emitted at a position r{sub 1}, to the time interval {delta}{tau}{sub 2} of the signals received at a position r{sub 2}, in a Schwarzschild type gravitational field. The experiment is determined by four space-time events. The infinitesimal vectors formed by these events do not form a parallelogram in the (t,r) plane. The failure in the closure of the parallelogram implies that the space-time has torsion. We find the explicit form of the torsion tensor that explains the nonclosure of the parallelogram.

  13. Understanding Pound-Drever-Hall locking using voltage controlled radio-frequency oscillators: An undergraduate experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Understanding Pound-Drever-Hall locking using voltage controlled radio-frequency oscillators. The three main pieces of equipment are a commercial voltage controlled oscillator, a resonating cavity of the voltage controlled oscillator. The cavity resonance is then observed by scanning the frequency

  14. Why should I recycle? The average American generates 4.5 pounds of waste daily.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Why should I recycle? The average American generates 4.5 pounds of waste daily. Instead of throwing paper and containers in the trash,recycle them in single-stream receptacles conveniently located throughout campus.These guidelines will help you recycle more and waste less. What's recyclable? · Mixed

  15. 37The Oldest Lunar Rocks Apollo astronauts recovered over 840 pounds of lunar rocks, and during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    37The Oldest Lunar Rocks Apollo astronauts recovered over 840 pounds of lunar rocks, and during applied to the different rock samples. Location Mission Rock Type Age (Myr) Mare Tranquillitatis Apollo-11 Basalt 3,500 Oceanus Procellarum Apollo-12 Basalt 3,200 Fra Mauro Formation Apollo-14 Basalt 4,150 Apollo

  16. Problems #3, Math 204, Dr. M. Bohner. Sep 10, 2003. Due Sep 15, 11 am. 12. A tank has ten gallons of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with 1.5 pound of salt per gallon enters

  17. Precision vertical mixer processes 30,000 pound batch of solid rocket propellants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world's largest solid rocket propellant mixer has been singled out for Honors in the mixers and blenders category of the 1986 Chemical Processing Vaaler Awards competition. The mixer, which is four times larger than any heretofore used, was specially designed and built for one of the nations' foremost manufacturers of rocket propellants. Developments in the fields of metallurgy, material handling, computerization and electronics permitted the giant step of manufacturing propellants in batch sizes up to 30,000 pounds. Until this time, 7000 pounds was considered the maximum size batch within the scope of hazards analysis. The vertical design of the mixer lends itself to an effective fire protection system. Infra-red detectors are used to sense a sudden heat rise. Should an emergency situation arise once the bowl is in the mix position and under vacuum, the protection system will activate within twelve seconds, deluge the product zone with water, rapidly drop the bowl and simultaneously disconnect the electric power. The design encompasses remote operation and emphasizes safety and reliability. The mixer permits propellant manufacturers to safely produce more uniform, even burning products. Its large batch size simplifies the problems with multiple batches within a simple engine. By reducing labor costs and affording other manufacturing economies, it increases productivity while cutting costs.

  18. Understanding Pound-Drever-Hall locking using voltage controlled radio-frequency oscillators: An undergraduate experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liekhus-Schmaltz, C E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A senior undergraduate experiment has been developed for learning about frequency stabilization techniques using radio-frequency electronics. The primary objective is to frequency stabilize a voltage controlled oscillator to a cavity resonance at 800 MHz using the Pound-Drever-Hall scheme. This technique is commonly applied to stabilize lasers at optical frequencies, but by using radio-frequency equipment exclusively it is possible to systematically study various aspects of the technique more thoroughly, inexpensively, and free from eye hazards. Students also learn about modular radio-frequency electronics and basic feedback control loops. By varying the temperature of the resonator, the students may determine the thermal expansion coefficients of copper, aluminum, and super invar.

  19. Energy savings can be communicated in terms of kilowatt hours (energy), carbon (climate change) or pounds (cost).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAuley, Derek

    AIM Energy savings can be communicated in terms of kilowatt hours (energy), carbon (climate change) or pounds (cost). We want to know if these different communication units prime different motivations more broadly. This implies that considering carbon may result in wider changes in sustainable behaviour

  20. aripiprazole active ingredient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  1. active pharmaceutical ingredients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  2. aqueous spinach extract: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Quick Spinach Lasagna Ingredients: 8 ounces whole wheat noodles 12 pound ground turkey 1 onion 15 aside. 2. While noodles are cooking, heat skillet to medium. Brown ground...

  3. active ingredient aripiprazole: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  4. active ingredient clotrimazole: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  5. active pharmaceutical ingredient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  6. active ingredients offered: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  7. active ingredient work: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  8. active ingredients opp: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  9. animal protein ingredients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: Stuffed Bell Peppers Ingredients: 1 pound ground turkey 12 onion 15 ounces low sodium tomato sauce 14 cup water 18 teaspoon pepper 12 cup...

  10. Turkey Bean Macaroni Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Turkey Bean Macaroni Ingredients: 8 ounces macaroni, whole-wheat 1 onion, chopped 2 tomatoes 1 pound ground turkey 48 ounces tomato juice, low sodium 15 ounces Mexican-style chili beans 1/2 teaspoon according to package directions. Drain and set aside. 2. Heat skillet to medium. Place ground turkey

  11. Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com-pound (VOC) derived from natural gas that is added to gas-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a volatile organic com- pound (VOC) derived from natural gas Water in Urban and Agricultural Areas made from methanol, which is derived primarily from natural gas that is added to gas- oline either seasonally or year round in many parts of the United States to increase

  12. Waste Description Pounds Reduced,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -labeled oligonucleotides Waste minimization 3,144 Radiological waste (396 ft3 ); Mixed waste (35 gallons); Hazardous Waste of radioactivity, thus avoiding radiological waste generation. This process won a 2008 DOE P2 Star Award environmentally friendly manor. BNL pays shipping fees to the recycling facility. Building demolition recycling

  13. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? A unit is the basic measure of a product. It may be: · Weight (pound or ounce). Examples include meat, freezing contain- ers, paper napkins. · Area (square feet). Examples include plastic or foil wrap. What

  14. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (pound or ounce) . Examples include meat, flour, canned foods, frozen food , bread, and cereal) . Examples include cook- ing and storage bags, jar lids, freezing contain- ers, paper napkins. · Area (square

  15. Best Buys and Unit Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

  16. 'R. S. Pound, M. A. Saifi, W. C. Hahn, Jr., Solid-State Electron. 17, 245 2S. Margalit, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, c.-P. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    . Fekete, D. M. Pepper, c.-P. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 346 (1978). 'R. B. Gold, R. A'R. S. Pound, M. A. Saifi, W. C. Hahn, Jr., Solid-State Electron. 17, 245 (1974). 2S. Margalit, D. D. Hess, C. F. Krum, Ref. 3, p. 641. 5p. A. Barnes, H. J. Leamy, J. M. Poate, and G. K. Celler

  17. Short wavelength laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hagelstein, P.L.

    1984-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A short wavelength laser is provided that is driven by conventional-laser pulses. A multiplicity of panels, mounted on substrates, are supported in two separated and alternately staggered facing and parallel arrays disposed along an approximately linear path. When the panels are illuminated by the conventional-laser pulses, single pass EUV or soft x-ray laser pulses are produced.

  18. Short wavelength laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hagelstein, Peter L. (Livermore, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A short wavelength laser (28) is provided that is driven by conventional-laser pulses (30, 31). A multiplicity of panels (32), mounted on substrates (34), are supported in two separated and alternately staggered facing and parallel arrays disposed along an approximately linear path (42). When the panels (32) are illuminated by the conventional-laser pulses (30, 31), single pass EUV or soft x-ray laser pulses (44, 46) are produced.

  19. Short Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katori, Teppei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Series of short baseline neutrino oscillation experiments provided unexpected results, and now they are called short baseline anomalies, and all indicates an existence of sterile neutrinos with a mass scale around 1~eV. The signals of short baseline anomalies are reported from 4 different classes of experiments. However, at this moment, there is no convincing theoretical model to explain such sterile neutrinos, and a single experiment to confirm 1~eV sterile neutrinos may be challenging. In this short note, we describe classes of short baseline neutrino oscillation experiments and their goals.

  20. Electrodeless short pulse laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Proud, J.M.; Baird, D.H.; Kramer, J.M.; Lester, J.E.

    1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is described for the generation of coherent beams of radiation, which consists of: a tube defining a resonant cavity containing a discharge plasma capable of producing coherent radiation, the tube having an elongated shape along an optical axis along the longitudinal axis of the tube, the tube having end portions and an elongated constricted portion connecting the end portions, and the tube having laser windows sealing the end portions to form a closed envelope containing the discharge plasma, a mirror on the optical axis near at least one end of the tube, first and second external electrode means on the outside surfaces of the tube adjacent the opposite ends of the tube, the external electrode means being capacitively coupled to the discharge plasma, and means for providing a source of short pulses electrically to the first external electrode means and means for coupling the second external electrode means to a point of reference potential, further characterized by first and second internal electrode means respectively adjacent the first and second external electrode means and capacitively coupled thereto, the tube having end portions sealed to form a closed envelope containing the discharge plasma and the internal electrode means.

  1. SHACKLING SHORT SELLERS: THE 2008 SHORTING BAN Ekkehart Boehmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    degradation in market quality, as measured by spreads, price impacts, and intraday volatility. Prices,000 financial stocks. In this paper, we study changes in stock prices, the rate of short sales most short sales in nearly 1,000 financial stocks. In this paper, we study changes in stock prices

  2. LibShortText: A Library for Short-text Classification and Analysis LibShortText: A Library for Short-text Classification and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Chih-Jen

    LibShortText: A Library for Short-text Classification and Analysis LibShortText: A Library for Short-text Classification and Analysis Hsiang-Fu Yu rofuyu@cs.utexas.edu Department of Computer Science University, Taipei 106, Taiwan Editor: Editor name Abstract LibShortText is an open source library for short

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Chart Gallery for April 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Jan 2014...

  4. Author's personal copy Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s gives J, the air-earth current density J in the global electric circuit, J ¼ sP (1) which is sustainedAuthor's personal copy Short communication Smoke emissions from industrial western Scotland in 1859

  5. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  6. Enrichment short courses and special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrichment short courses and special events specially developed for folks 50 and better. Look better way to spend your summer than expanding your knowledge and enriching your life with an Osher

  7. Magnet Coil Shorted Turn Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinkel, J.A.; Biggs, J.E.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnet Coil Shorted Turn Detector has been developed to facilitate the location of shorted turns in magnet coils. Finding these shorted turns is necessary to determine failure modes that are a necessary step in developing future production techniques. Up to this point, coils with shorted turns had the insulation burned off without the fault having been located. This disassembly process destroyed any chance of being able to find the fault. In order to maintain a flux balance in a coupled system such as a magnet coil, the current in a shorted turn must be opposed to the incident current. If the direction of the current in each conductor can be measured relative to the incident current, then the exact location of the short can be determined. In this device, an AC voltage is applied to the magnet under test. A small hand held B-dot pickup coil monitors the magnetic field produced by current in the individual magnet conductors. The relative phase of this pickup coil voltage is compared to a reference signal derived from the input current to detect a current reversal as the B-dot pickup coil is swept over the conductors of the coil under test. This technique however, is limited to only those conductors that are accessible to the hand held probe.

  8. SHORT REVIEW Butterfly genomics eclosing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beldade, Patrícia

    SHORT REVIEW Butterfly genomics eclosing P Beldade1 , WO McMillan2 and A Papanicolaou3 1 Section to an explosion of genomic data and the emergence of new research avenues. Evolutionary and ecological functional genomics, with its focus on the genes that affect ecological success and adaptation in natural populations

  9. University Policy Process Short Version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    Rev. 5/09 University Policy Process Short Version Conduct Analysis Draft Documents Get Approvals. Identify policy owner 3. Assemble team 4. Engage Stakeholders 5. Draft policy 6. Submit proposed policy approves (or not) Do we need a policy? 11. Plan communication & training 12. UPO posts approved policy

  10. Setting in the Modern Short Story

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodgson, Elizabeth

    1913-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thompson , D~'I G. The Ph1losophY ot Fiation. Lo on" l8~. Wh1tcomb , S. L. st of th Novei . Boston, 1 ·5. II. II. L short-starl: AI 'bright, ].'velyn 1La.Y . Tltle Short story. N. Y., 1 O? Barrett , Chas. P. Short story Writing . N. ., 188. Canby... . III. Matthews, Brander . The Short - st ory. N. :x.., 1 07 . Patton, Wm. International Short-stori e , 2 vols • • Y., 1 ~lO. Short-stor y Classios--Amerlcan , 5 vols ., N. Y. t 1':;)05 . , , Short-story Clas8~cs--Foreign , 5 vole . N. ¥ . ! II...

  11. Queer As a Three Pound Note #1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of homosexuality by those after money or power or secret informa- tion.? He sat at his desk, sloughing jacket and loosening tie, slapping a new file on the desk top in front of himself, his voice never once paus- ing, but becoming sonorous, a minister deliver...

  12. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    re-distills the solvent when dirty. The removed grit and sludge is mixed in with the waste oil Fuel oil and Turkey Based Biofuel Energy Rocovery 12,000 Industrial Waste $30,000 $500 $29,500 1500 gallons of #6 fuel oil and biofuels accepted from EENS as fuel stock for the Steam Facility Electronic

  13. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Removed grit and sludge are mixed with the waste oil. Photon-counting spectrofluorimeter Substitution 54 or composted at the stump dump. Plant Engineering grounds vehicle wash system * Waste minimization 8,000 Oils and eliminates the potential of oil and grease being released to soil. Organic solvents Substitution 678

  14. WASTE DESCRIPTION TYPE OF PROJECT POUNDS REDUCED,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the manufacturer . Replaced with energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) signs. Project reduced risk of tritium

  15. Queer As a Three Pound Note #1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ?AS A ?3 N O TE ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 Issue Number One in the BENT COPPERS Series A slash... upon or conflict with other holders of copyrights. No reprints of any type are permitted without express, written permission of the publisher and individual contributors involved. 2 ?3?3?3 ?3?3?3 ?As a ?3 Note?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3...

  16. Queer as 2 Three Pound Notes #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 TWO ?3 NOTES ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 Issue Number Two in the BENT COPPERS Series ?3?3?3...?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 ?AS ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3 ?3?3?3 ?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?3?AS TWO ?3 NOTES?3?3?3...

  17. On Storage Rings for Short Wavelength FELs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chattopadhyay, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a hypothetical 144 m long storage ring optimized for FELin the Proceedings On Storage Rings for Short WavelengthLBL-28483 ESG Note-92 ON STORAGE RINGS FOR SHORT WAVELENGTH

  18. Gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24, 2014 Gasoline pricesGasolineShort

  19. Drop short control of electrode gap

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisher, Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Maroone, James P. (Albuquerque, NM); Tipping, Donald W. (Albuquerque, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During vacuum consumable arc remelting the electrode gap between a consumable electrode and a pool of molten metal is difficult to control. The present invention monitors drop shorts by detecting a decrease in the voltage between the consumable electrode and molten pool. The drop shorts and their associated voltage reductions occur as repetitive pulses which are closely correlated to the electrode gap. Thus, the method and apparatus of the present invention controls electrode gap based upon drop shorts detected from the monitored anode-cathode voltage. The number of drop shorts are accumulated, and each time the number of drop shorts reach a predetermined number, the average period between drop shorts is calculated from this predetermined number and the time in which this number is accumulated. This average drop short period is used in a drop short period electrode gap model which determines the actual electrode gap from the drop short. The actual electrode gap is then compared with a desired electrode gap which is selected to produce optimum operating conditions and the velocity of the consumable error is varied based upon the gap error. The consumable electrode is driven according to any prior art system at this velocity. In the preferred embodiment, a microprocessor system is utilized to perform the necessary calculations and further to monitor the duration of each drop short. If any drop short exceeds a preset duration period, the consumable electrode is rapidly retracted a predetermined distance to prevent bonding of the consumable electrode to the molten remelt.

  20. Zeiss-Meta -1-Short instructions Short instructions for the Zeiss-META

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    #12;Zeiss-Meta -2- Short instructions 1. Laser safety Safety notes for operating the laser scanningZeiss-Meta -1- Short instructions Short instructions for the Zeiss-META Version 080708 This short information on laser safety and general guidelines. Content: 1. Laser safety Page 2 2. General guidelines Page

  1. Olympus FV1000 -1-Short instructions Short instructions. Olympus FV1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    the microscope Page 7 #12;Olympus FV1000 -2- Short instructions 1. Laser safety Safety notes for operatingOlympus FV1000 -1- Short instructions Short instructions. Olympus FV1000 Version 110608 This short information on laser safety and general guidelines. Content: 1. Laser safety Page 2 2. General guidelines Page

  2. Olympus FV1000 -1-Short instructions Short instructions. Olympus FV1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    the microscope Page 7 #12;Olympus FV1000 -2- Short instructions 1. Laser safety Safety notes for operatingOlympus FV1000 -1- Short instructions Short instructions. Olympus FV1000 Version 140416 This short information on laser safety and general guidelines. Content: 1. Laser safety Page 2 2. General guidelines Page

  3. Ground Turkey Stroganoff Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Ground Turkey Stroganoff Ingredients: 8 ounces egg noodles, uncooked 1 pound ground turkey 1 onion. Meanwhile, brown ground turkey and onions in non stick skillet until meat is no longer pink and onions cup of egg noodles on plate, top with 1/2 cup of turkey mixture. Equipment: Knife Cutting board

  4. Turkey Goulash Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Turkey Goulash Ingredients: 8 ounces macaroni, whole-wheat 1 pound ground turkey 1 onion 1/2 green skillet to medium. Place ground turkey in skillet and use a spatula to break turkey into small pieces browned turkey on a plate covered with several layers of paper towels to absorb fat. Drain fat from

  5. Home Maintenance and Repair Owning a home is a major responsibility.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    maintenance is conducted. Regular, preventive maintenance can pay off in peace of mind, utility cost savings, routine maintenance helps to prolong the life of the home and may prevent the need for major repairs of Benjamin Franklin, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." Regular, routine maintenance enhances

  6. Navy Bean Soup Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Navy Bean Soup Ingredients: 1 pound dried beans, navy 10 cups water 3/4 cup celery, diced 3/4 cup carrots, diced 1/2 cup onion, chopped 1 ounce ham Pepper to taste Directions 1. Wash and sort beans. Put beans in large sauce pan and cover with water. Soak overnight. 2. After soaking, drain water and add 10

  7. Quick Chili Con Carne Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Quick Chili Con Carne Ingredients: 16 ounces kidney beans, canned 1 pound ground turkey 1/2 onion 1 tablespoons chili powder 1 teaspoon cumin Directions 1. Open beans and pour into colander. Rinse under running water to remove sodium. Set aside to drain. 2. Heat skillet to medium. Place ground turkey in skillet

  8. Chili with Red Beans Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    tender, about three minutes. 4. Open kidney beans and pour into a colander. Rinse under cool waterChili with Red Beans Ingredients: 1/2 pound ground beef, extra lean 1 medium onion, chopped 4 cups red kidney beans, soaked overnight or 2 cans, rinsed 3 cups tomatoes, chopped, or 28 ounces, canned 1

  9. Employee Assistance Report Lifestyle Tips Insert Vol. 9 No. 1 By Tim Lencki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Duck O.

    broth · Two cups water · One 15-ounce can cannellini beans, rinsed · One 2-pound roasted chicken, skin and for improving overall health. Options to include are walking, water exercise, bicycling, paddling, and various. 1 CLIP-N-SAVE! www.eatingwell.com Healthy Recipe: Chicken & White Bean Soup ! INGREDIENTS: · Two

  10. SHORT COMMUNICATION: LARGER CLIQUES FOR A DIMACS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHORT COMMUNICATION: LARGER CLIQUES FOR A. DIMACS TEST. A. GROSSO, M. LOCATELLI, W. J. PULLAN. 1. The new cliques. DIMACS benchmarks ...

  11. Modulation compression for short wavelength harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wavelength Harmonic Generation Ji Qiang Lawrence Berkeleyform a basis for fourth generation light source. Currently,e?ciency was proposed for generation of short wavelength

  12. An ounce of prevention, a ton of cure | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About BecomeTechnologiesVehicle Parts andat aTechnologies |An

  13. Short-Distance Structure of Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. W. Higinbotham; E. Piasetzky; S. A. Wood

    2009-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    One of Jefferson Lab's original missions was to further our understanding of the short-distance structure of nuclei. In particular, to understand what happens when two or more nucleons within a nucleus have strongly overlapping wave-functions; a phenomena commonly referred to as short-range correlations. Herein, we review the results of the (e,e'), (e,e'p) and (e,e'pN) reactions that have been used at Jefferson Lab to probe this short-distance structure as well as provide an outlook for future experiments.

  14. Deep-fried Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkhold, Sarah

    2000-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    be injected into the muscles before cooking. They add juiciness and flavor. Use a marinade injector syringe, also available from the grocer, to inject marinade. A 10-pound turkey should be injected with about 16 ounces or 2 cups of marinade. Use more marinade... the temperature just right. The oil should drop to 350 degrees F when the bird is immersed. Cook turkey 3.5 minutes per pound at 350 degrees F. Use a timer to ensure doneness. For example, a 10-pound bird would cook for 35 minutes at 350 degrees F. Keep an eye...

  15. 8 Short life stories: Dorti Peterson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 8 Length of track 33 minutes Title of track Short life stories: Dorti Peterson Translation...

  16. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day Forecast -0.9 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2013 -1...

  17. Texas Watershed Planning Short Course Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning Short Course to water resource professionals throughout Texas. #31;e Planning Team met quarterly to discuss project status, provide input, and coordinate project activities. Planning Team meeting dates, agendas and sign-in sheet can be found.... Considerable progress was made on the short course agenda from input obtained at the third Planning Team meeting on October 1, 2007 at TCEQ in Austin. #30;e Planning Team and representatives from the TCEQ NPS and TMDL Teams, TWRI, AgriLife Research, TSSWCB...

  18. Means for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van Konynenburg, Richard A. (Livermore, CA); Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuse and filter arrangement for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting in capacitive deionization water purification systems utilizing carbon aerogel, for example. This arrangement limits and ameliorates the effects of conducting particles or debonded carbon aerogel in shorting the electrodes of a system such as a capacitive deionization water purification system. This is important because of the small interelectrode spacing and the finite possibility of debonding or fragmentation of carbon aerogel in a large system. The fuse and filter arrangement electrically protect the entire system from shutting down if a single pair of electrodes is shorted and mechanically prevents a conducting particle from migrating through the electrode stack, shorting a series of electrode pairs in sequence. It also limits the amount of energy released in a shorting event. The arrangement consists of a set of circuit breakers or fuses with one fuse or breaker in the power line connected to one electrode of each electrode pair and a set of screens of filters in the water flow channels between each set of electrode pairs.

  19. Means for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konynenburg, R.A. van; Farmer, J.C.

    1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuse and filter arrangement is described for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting in capacitive deionization water purification systems utilizing carbon aerogel, for example. This arrangement limits and ameliorates the effects of conducting particles or debonded carbon aerogel in shorting the electrodes of a system such as a capacitive deionization water purification system. This is important because of the small interelectrode spacing and the finite possibility of debonding or fragmentation of carbon aerogel in a large system. The fuse and filter arrangement electrically protect the entire system from shutting down if a single pair of electrodes is shorted and mechanically prevents a conducting particle from migrating through the electrode stack, shorting a series of electrode pairs in sequence. It also limits the amount of energy released in a shorting event. The arrangement consists of a set of circuit breakers or fuses with one fuse or breaker in the power line connected to one electrode of each electrode pair and a set of screens of filters in the water flow channels between each set of electrode pairs.

  20. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

  1. Short Wavelength Seeding through Compression for Fee Electron Lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang, Ji

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tunable short wavelength free electron lasers (FELs) providereduces the laser power needed for the generation of shortbetween the laser ?eld and the electron beam inside a short

  2. Short Gamma-Ray Bursts Are Different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Norris; J. D. Scargle; J. T. Bonnell

    2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze BATSE time-tagged event (TTE) data for short gamma-ray bursts (T90 duration burst. Performing the cross-correlation between two energy bands, we measure an average lag ~ 20-40 x shorter than for long bursts, and a lag distribution close to symmetric about zero - unlike long bursts. Using a "Bayesian Block" method to identify significantly distinct pulse peaks, we find an order of magnitude fewer pulses than found in studies of long bursts. The disparity in lag magnitude is discontinuous across the ~ 2-s valley between long and short bursts. Thus, short bursts do not appear to be representable as a continuation of long bursts' temporal characteristics.

  3. Formation of nanoparticles by short and ultra-short laser pulses K. Gouriet*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Formation of nanoparticles by short and ultra-short laser pulses K. Gouriet*a , T. E. Itinaa , S. Noëla , J. Hermanna , M. Sentisa , and L. Zhigileib a Laboratory of Lasers, Plasmas and Photonics simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) computational study of laser ablation plume evolution. The first process

  4. Mechanisms of small clusters production by short and ultra-short laser ablation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Mechanisms of small clusters production by short and ultra-short laser ablation Tatiana E. Itina a Lasers, Plasmas et Proce´de´s Photoniques (LP3 UMR 6182 CNRS), Faculte´ des Sciences de Luminy, Case 917 The mechanisms involved into the formation of clusters by pulsed laser ablation are studied both numerically

  5. Catalysts for synthesizing various short chain hydrocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colmenares, Carlos (Alamo, CA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and apparatus (10), including novel photocatalysts, are disclosed for the synthesis of various short chain hydrocarbons. Light-transparent SiO.sub.2 aerogels doped with photochemically active uranyl ions (18) are fluidized in a fluidized-bed reactor (12) having a transparent window (16), by hydrogen and CO, C.sub.2 H.sub.4 or C.sub.2 H.sub.6 gas mixtures (20), and exposed to radiation (34) from a light source (32) external to the reactor (12), to produce the short chain hydrocarbons (36).

  6. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24, 2014long version)short version)short

  7. Short Communication Application of bare gold nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miksik, Ivan

    Short Communication Application of bare gold nanoparticles in open-tubular CEC separations of polyaromatic hydrocarbons and peptides In this study, bare gold nanoparticles (GNPs) immobilized in the sol capillary wall and improving their resolution. Keywords: CE / Gold nanoparticles / Peptides / Polyaromatic

  8. Short Communication Concurrent correction method for modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    Short Communication Concurrent correction method for modeling morphological response to dredging the morphological impact of an offshore dredging pit using a process-based model, the hydrodynamic conditions, often with the initial bathymetry profile before dredging. This lack of equilibrium causes a fast profile adjustment

  9. SHORT CONTRIBUTION J. Choi S. Y. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1990). To date, there have been several reports on the pro- cess analysis and economic evaluation and methods Process analysis and economic evaluation of P(3HB/V) production and recovery were carried outSHORT CONTRIBUTION J. Choi á S. Y. Lee Economic considerations in the production of poly(3

  10. Electricity and short wavelength radiation generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    George, E.V.

    1985-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and associated apparati for use of collisions of high energy atoms and ions of He, Ne, or Ar with themselves or with high energy neutrons to produce short wavelength radiation (lambda approx. = 840-1300 A) that may be utilized to produce cathode-anode currents or photovoltaic currents.

  11. SHORT REVIEW Ecological genomics: understanding gene and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Glennis A.

    SHORT REVIEW Ecological genomics: understanding gene and genome function in the natural environment MC Ungerer, LC Johnson and MA Herman Division of Biology, Ecological Genomics Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA The field of ecological genomics seeks to understand the genetic mechanisms

  12. Cosmological consequences of short distance physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemeyer, J C

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inflation can act as a space-time microscope for Planck or string scale effects, leaving potentially observable traces in the primordial perturbation spectrum. I discuss two frameworks that were used recently to study this phenomenon: nonlinear dispersion and short distance uncertainty.

  13. Cosmological consequences of short distance physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens C. Niemeyer

    2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Inflation can act as a space-time microscope for Planck or string scale effects, leaving potentially observable traces in the primordial perturbation spectrum. I discuss two frameworks that were used recently to study this phenomenon: nonlinear dispersion and short distance uncertainty.

  14. Video Production For Short Educational Videos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Video Production Handbook For Short Educational Videos Jennifer Cook Small Acreage Management page 6 Introduction page 3 Prepare for Video Shoot page 8 Video Shoot page 9 Editing Page 11 Draft Review page 12 Final Video page 13 Table of Contents Video Production Process #12;3 Equipment

  15. Short Specialist Review Gene structure prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brendel, Volker

    Short Specialist Review Gene structure prediction in plant genomes Volker Brendel Iowa State) within most genes makes the problem of computational gene structure prediction distinct from (and harder prediction in vertebrates. The second reason is pragmatic. Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) sequencing and whole

  16. SHORT COMMUNICATION Chiral Enrichment of Serine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemmer, David E.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Chiral Enrichment of Serine via Formation, Dissociation, and Soft University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA Chiral enrichment of serine is achieved in experiments that involve of chirally-enriched octameric cluster ions and their dissociation, viz. Ser1 3 Ser8 3 Ser1, allows serine

  17. Advanced Mitigating Measures for the Cell Internal Short Risk (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darcy, E.; Smith, K.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes mitigation measures for internal short circuits in lithium-ion battery cells.

  18. HETEROGENEITY IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norris, Jay P. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208 (United States); Gehrels, Neil [Astroparticle Physics Laboratory, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Scargle, Jeffrey D. [Space Science and Astrobiology Division, NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 (United States)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the Swift/BAT sample of short gamma-ray bursts, using an objective Bayesian Block procedure to extract temporal descriptors of the bursts' initial pulse complexes (IPCs). The sample is comprised of 12 and 41 bursts with and without extended emission (EE) components, respectively. IPCs of non-EE bursts are dominated by single pulse structures, while EE bursts tend to have two or more pulse structures. The medians of characteristic timescales-durations, pulse structure widths, and peak intervals-for EE bursts are factors of {approx}2-3 longer than for non-EE bursts. A trend previously reported by Hakkila and colleagues unifying long and short bursts-the anti-correlation of pulse intensity and width-continues in the two short burst groups, with non-EE bursts extending to more intense, narrower pulses. In addition, we find that preceding and succeeding pulse intensities are anti-correlated with pulse interval. We also examine the short burst X-ray afterglows as observed by the Swift/X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The median flux of the initial XRT detections for EE bursts ({approx}6x10{sup -10} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}) is {approx}>20x brighter than for non-EE bursts, and the median X-ray afterglow duration for EE bursts ({approx}60,000 s) is {approx}30x longer than for non-EE bursts. The tendency for EE bursts toward longer prompt-emission timescales and higher initial X-ray afterglow fluxes implies larger energy injections powering the afterglows. The longer-lasting X-ray afterglows of EE bursts may suggest that a significant fraction explode into denser environments than non-EE bursts, or that the sometimes-dominant EE component efficiently powers the afterglow. Combined, these results favor different progenitors for EE and non-EE short bursts.

  19. Short Time Cycles of Purely Quantum Refrigerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tova Feldmann; Ronnie Kosloff

    2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Four stroke Otto refrigerator cycles with no classical analogue are studied. Extremely short cycle times with respect to the internal time scale of the working medium characterize these refrigerators. Therefore these cycles are termed sudden. The sudden cycles are characterized by the stable limit cycle which is the invariant of the global cycle propagator. During their operation the state of the working medium possesses significant coherence which is not erased in the equilibration segments due to the very short time allocated. This characteristic is reflected in a difference between the energy entropy and the Von Neumann entropy of the working medium. A classification scheme for sudden refrigerators is developed allowing simple approximations for the cooling power and coefficient of performance.

  20. Short pulse free electron laser amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schlitt, Leland G. (Livermore, CA); Szoke, Abraham (Fremont, CA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and apparatus for amplification of a laser pulse in a free electron laser amplifier where the laser pulse duration may be a small fraction of the electron beam pulse duration used for amplification. An electron beam pulse is passed through a first wiggler magnet and a short laser pulse to be amplified is passed through the same wiggler so that only the energy of the last fraction, f, (f<1) of the electron beam pulse is consumed in amplifying the laser pulse. After suitable delay of the electron beam, the process is repeated in a second wiggler magnet, a third, . . . , where substantially the same fraction f of the remainder of the electron beam pulse is consumed in amplification of the given short laser pulse in each wiggler magnet region until the useful electron beam energy is substantially completely consumed by amplification of the laser pulse.

  1. Short-Range Nucleon-Nucleon Correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Higinbotham

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Valence-shell nucleon knock-out experiments, such as 12C(e,e'p)11B, measure less strength then is predicted by independent particle shell model calculations. The theoretical solution to this problem is to include the correlations between the nucleons in the nucleus in the calculations. Motivated by these results, many electron scattering experiments have tried to directly observe these correlations in order to gain new insight into the short-range part of the nucleon-nucleon potential. Unfortunately, many competing mechanisms can cause the same observable final-state as an initial-state correlation, making truly isolating the signal extremely challenging. This paper reviews the recent experimental evidence for short-range correlations, as well as explores the possibility that such correlations are responsible for the EMC effect in the 0.3 < xB < 0.7 deep inelastic scattering ratios.

  2. Short-Range Nucleon-Nucleon Correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higinbotham, Douglas W. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23601 (United States)

    2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Valence-shell nucleon knock-out experiments, such as {sup 12}C(e,e'p){sup 11}B, measure less strength then is predicted by independent particle shell model calculations. The theoretical solution to this problem is to include the correlations between the nucleons in the nucleus in the calculations. Motivated by these results, many electron scattering experiments have tried to isolate the signal from these correlations in order to gain new insight into the short-range part of the nucleon-nucleon potential. Unfortunately, many competing mechanisms can cause the same observable final-state as an initial-state correlation, making truly isolating the signal extremely challenging. This paper reviews the recent experimental evidence for short-range correlations, as well as explores the possibility that such correlations are responsible for the EMC effect in the 0.3

  3. Short distance physics with heavy quark potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zantow, F; Karsch, Frithjof; Petreczky, P

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present lattice studies of heavy quark potentials in the quenched approximation of QCD at finite temperatures. Both, the color singlet and color averaged potentials are calculated. While the potentials are well known at large distances, we give a detailed analysis of their short distance behavior (from 0.015 fm to 1 fm) near the critical temperature. At these distances we expect that the T-dependent potentials go over into the zero temperature potential. Indeed, we find evidences that the temperature influence gets suppressed and the potentials starts to become a unique function of the underlying distance scale. We use this feature to normalize the heavy quark potentials at short distances and extract the free energy of the quark system in a gluonic heat bath.

  4. Source of coherent short wavelength radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Villa, Francesco (Alameda, CA)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for producing coherent radiation ranging from X-rays to the far ultraviolet (i.e., 1 Kev to 10 eV) utilizing the Compton scattering effect. A photon beam from a laser is scattered on a high energy electron bunch from a pulse power linac. The short wavelength radiation produced by such scattering has sufficient intensity and spatial coherence for use in high resolution applications such as microscopy.

  5. Can short sellers predict accounting restatements and foresee their severity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efendi, Jap

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    insiders. For example, Solomon Smith Barney?s Jack Grubman publicly attacked a short seller who criticized their banking client by stating that short sellers lack an understanding of the communication industry (Gasparino 2002). McGough (1991) describes...

  6. Naked Short Selling: Is it Information-Based Trading?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Hu

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Naked short selling occurs when a short seller fails to deliver shares on the settlement day. The business press and many corporate managers characterize it as abusive price manipulation, alleging that selling nonexistent shares causes a price...

  7. Hopper compilers and DDT short outage next Wed, May 16

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    compilers and DDT short outage next Wed, May 16 Hopper compilers and DDT short outage next Wed, May 16 May 10, 2012 (0 Comments) Due to a scheduled maintenance for the License...

  8. Short wavelength ion temperature gradient turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chowdhury, J.; Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India); Brunner, S.; Lapillonne, X.; Villard, L. [CRPP, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ion temperature gradient (ITG) mode in the high wavenumber regime (k{sub y}{rho}{sub s}>1), referred to as short wavelength ion temperature gradient mode (SWITG) is studied using the nonlinear gyrokinetic electromagnetic code GENE. It is shown that, although the SWITG mode may be linearly more unstable than the standard long wavelength (k{sub y}{rho}{sub s}<1) ITG mode, nonlinearly its contribution to the total thermal ion heat transport is found to be low. We interpret this as resulting from an increased zonal flow shearing effect on the SWITG mode suppression.

  9. Subthreshold pair production in short laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Nousch; D. Seipt; B. Kampfer; A. I. Titov

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The $e^+e^-$ pair production by a probe photon traversing a linearly polarized laser pulse is treated as generalized nonlinear Breit-Wheeler process. For short laser pulses with very few oscillations of the electromagnetic field we find below the perturbative weak-field threshold $\\sqrt{s} = 2m$ a similar enhancement of the pair production rate as for circular polarization. The strong subthreshold enhancement is traced back to the finite bandwidth of the laser pulse. A folding model is developed which accounts for the interplay of the frequency spectrum and the intensity distribution in the course of the pulse.

  10. Short rise time intense electron beam generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, Craig L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A generator for producing an intense relativistic electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

  11. Short rise time intense electron beam generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, C.L.

    1984-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A generator for producing an intense relativisitc electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

  12. Neutron scattering and extra short range interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Nesvizhevsky; G. Pignol; K. V. Protasov

    2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The available data on neutron scattering were analyzed to constrain a hypothetical new short-range interaction. We show that these constraints are several orders of magnitude better than those usually cited in the range between 1 pm and 5 nm. This distance range occupies an intermediate space between collider searches for strongly coupled heavy bosons and searches for new weak macroscopic forces. We emphasise the reliability of the neutron constraints in so far as they provide several independent strategies. We have identified the most promising way to improve them.

  13. Ion Acceleration by Short Chirped Laser Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jian-Xing; Keitel, Christoph H; Harman, Zoltán

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct laser acceleration of ions by short frequency-chirped laser pulses is investigated theoretically. We demonstrate that intense beams of ions with a kinetic energy broadening of about 1 % can be generated. The chirping of the laser pulse allows the particles to gain kinetic energies of hundreds of MeVs, which is required for hadron cancer therapy, from pulses of energies of the order of 100 J. It is shown that few-cycle chirped pulses can accelerate ions more efficiently than long ones, i.e. higher ion kinetic energies are reached with the same amount of total electromagnetic pulse energy.

  14. Short range correlations and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Piasetzky, L.B. Weinstein, D.W. Higinbotham, J. Gomez, O. Hen, R. Shneor

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) is linearly related to the Short Range Correlation (SRC) scaling factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering. We speculate that the observed correlation is due to the fact that both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by high momentum nucleons in the nucleus. The observed phenomenological relationship can be used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn-pair cross sections, the DIS cross section for a free neutron, View the MathML source, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions, and the u/d ratio in a free proton.

  15. Gasoline price shows small increase (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email:UraniumNatural Gas SurveyshowsShort

  16. Gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email:UraniumNatural Gaslong(long19,short

  17. Gasoline prices continue to fall (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email:UraniumNaturallonglong version)short

  18. Gasoline prices show sharp increase (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24, 2014long version) Theshort10,short

  19. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24, 2014long version)short version) The

  20. Gasoline prices up this week (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24, 2014long version)short version)

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook- May 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term

  2. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. Third quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the 1997 third quarter short term energy projections. Information is presented for fossil fuels and renewable energy.

  3. Search for Short Lived Particles in High Multiplicity Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gazdzicki; Waldemar Retyk; Jan Pluta

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of statistical selection of short lived particles in high multiplicity nucleus-nucleus collisions is discussed.

  4. 4.0 SHORT FORM LOGO 4.01 OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    4.0 SHORT FORM LOGO 4.01 OVERVIEW 4.02 CLEAR SPACE AND MINIMUM SIZE 4.03 AS A WATERMARK 4.04 RETAIL PRODUCTS 4.05 APPLYING THE SHORT FORM LOGO PROPERLY 4.06 LINK TO DALHOUSIE AUTHORIZED SHORT FORM LOGO As part of the 2014 logo refresh, we introduced a short form logo for informal uses such as social media

  5. Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs: Asia #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use Year 10 Japan Short-term 12 Korea Semester & Academic Year 13 Korea Short-term 17 Programs in Other Contact Information 23 How to Use this Booklet This handout contains listings of all the programs offered

  6. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. First quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short- term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets.

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olufsen, Mette Sofie

    in short-term cardiovascular­respiratory regulation, (ii) to develop mathematical models that can improve involved in short-term cardio- vascular­respiratory control include auto-regulation of vasculature, controlORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term Cardiovascular­Respiratory Control

  8. Do short sale transactions precede bad news events?* Holger Daske

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearns, Michael

    , 2005 Current Draft: October 18, 2005 ABSTRACT: Do short sale transactions precede bad news eventsDo short sale transactions precede bad news events?* Holger Daske Scott A. Richardson rem Tuna? Not recently. This paper examines short sale transactions around significant news events. Using a novel

  9. Final Report 527 Economic Impact Analysis of Short Line Railroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    railroads. First described is the scope and presence of the eleven short line railroads currently operatingFinal Report 527 Economic Impact Analysis of Short Line Railroads by Jared J. Llorens, Ph.D. James's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle Economic Impact Analysis of Short Line Railroads 5. Report Date October

  10. Short-term energy outlook, January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from January 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the fourth quarter 1998, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the January 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  11. Short-term energy outlook, July 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares The Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly for distribution on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. In addition, printed versions of the report are available to subscribers in January, April, July and October. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from July 1998 through December 1999. Values for second quarter of 1998 data, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the July 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  12. Long pulse production from short pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Toeppen, John S. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing a long output pulse (SA) from a short pump pulse (P), using an elongated amplified fiber (11) having a doped core (12) that provides an amplifying medium for light of one color when driven into an excited state by light of a shorter wavelength and a surrounding cladding 13. A seed beam (S) of the longer wavelength is injected into the core (12) at one end of the fiber (11) and a pump pulse (P) of the shorter wavelength is injected into the cladding (13) at the other end of the fiber (11). The counter-propagating seed beam (S) and pump pulse (P) will produce an amplified output pulse (SA) having a time duration equal to twice the transit time of the pump pulse (P) through the fiber (11) plus the length of the pump pulse (P).

  13. Long pulse production from short pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Toeppen, J.S.

    1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing a long output pulse from a short pump pulse is disclosed, using an elongated amplified fiber having a doped core that provides an amplifying medium for light of one color when driven into an excited state by light of a shorter wavelength and a surrounding cladding. A seed beam of the longer wavelength is injected into the core at one end of the fiber and a pump pulse of the shorter wavelength is injected into the cladding at the other end of the fiber. The counter-propagating seed beam and pump pulse will produce an amplified output pulse having a time duration equal to twice the transit time of the pump pulse through the fiber plus the length of the pump pulse. 3 figs.

  14. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.B. Weinstein, E. Piasetzky, D.W. Higinbotham, J. Gomez, O. Hen, R. Shneor

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at intermediate xB, 0.35?xB?0.7, is linearly related to the short range correlation (SRC) scale factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at xB?1. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn pair cross sections and F2n/F2p, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  15. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. B. Weinstein; E. Piasetzky; D. W. Higinbotham; J. Gomez; O. Hen; R. Shneor

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) at intermediate $x_B$, $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$, is linearly related to the Short Range Correlation (SRC) scaling factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at $x_B\\ge 1.$. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free $pn$ pair cross sections, the DIS cross section for a free neutron, and $F_2^n/F_2^p$, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  16. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinstein, L. B. [Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States); Piasetzky, E.; Hen, O.; Shneor, R. [Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Higinbotham, D. W.; Gomez, J. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

    2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at intermediate x{sub B}, 0.35{<=}x{sub B{<=}}0.7, is linearly related to the short range correlation (SRC) scale factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at x{sub B{>=}}1. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn pair cross sections and F{sub 2}{sup n}/F{sub 2}{sup p}, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  17. Insulation spacer eliminates electric shorts between lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colaizzi, J.F.; Rockafellow, G.B.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design criteria incorporated into the pipeline insulating spacer were: spacer material selected must have a very large compressive and tensile strength in order to withstand the weight and stress resulting on the pipelines; provide the necessary abrasive resistance, dielectric strength, and will not decay underground; must not soften with heat when used around or near stream lines or will not cold flow under pressure; minimum length and circumference to reduce ''Shielding Effects'' from any cathodic protection system; and provide a material that incorporates a maximum strength at a minimum thickness. Explains that electric shorts are caused by 2 or more metallic structures in contact with each other. Notes that the insulating spacer's use has been expanded to provide electrical and physical insulation between carrier pipe and casing, supports for piping in compressing stations, and for pipelines that are suspended on bridges.

  18. APPRECIATING POUND The Confucian Odes. The Classic An-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, James

    have ignored is the fact that nearly fifty years have passed since Cathay began to appear dowr. this road, muddy and slow, hungry and thirsty and blue as doubt (no one feels half of what we

  19. Waste Description Type of Project Pounds Reduced, Reused,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    media Landfill 9,690,000 Low-level Radiological waste $4,000,000 $755,000 $3,245,000 Processing, treatment, and disposal of sewage sludge and sand filter media from the BNL Sewage Treatment Facility--this process removed all low-level radioactive contaminants from the operating facility. The sludge can now

  20. abragam-pound theory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and mutlilinear algebra. George Svetlichny 1999-03-12 450 Benchmarking Nuclear Fission Theory Nuclear Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We suggest a small set of fission observables...

  1. VOLUME & VALUE OF CATCH BY REGIONS 1970 Million Pounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .7 million; in 1969, $580.8 million. There were record packs of tuna, shrimp, and animal (pet) food. Recorded, and retail. In 1970, demand for fiShery products was strong. Both consumption and prices rose. On the average

  2. High frequency Pound-Drever-Hall optical ring resonator sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, James Paul

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................................. 25 Sandia Ring Resonator.................................................................................. 26 Nomadics Little Optics Ring Resonator........................................................ 28 Group Delay..., 15 and 20 percent of FSR in a lossless case with coupling coefficient equal to 0.8............................................................................................................... 24 13 Sandia RR in waveguide showing...

  3. High frequency Pound-Drever-Hall optical ring resonator sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, James Paul

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................................. 25 Sandia Ring Resonator.................................................................................. 26 Nomadics Little Optics Ring Resonator........................................................ 28 Group Delay..., 15 and 20 percent of FSR in a lossless case with coupling coefficient equal to 0.8............................................................................................................... 24 13 Sandia RR in waveguide showing...

  4. Surgery brings 500-pound woman hope By COURTNEY PERKES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    is probably dirty. She probably smells," Garcia said. The 29-year-old is mostly housebound because whole milk and eating lots of fatty, fried foods. "My parents were struggling with money and stuff, so

  5. Site Recycles Millions of Pounds of Metal | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle|SecurityDepartmentShawn WangSioux Students

  6. Site Recycles Millions of Pounds of Metal | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus GroupSherrellHanford Site

  7. Melter Pours 10 Millionth Pound of Glass | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004MW Electrolysis Scale UpMelter

  8. An empirical evaluation of live cattle futures and options for short hedging slaughter cattle in the Texas Panhandle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Jim R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF FIGURES Figure l. Iso-Income and Iso-Variance Map . . . 10 2. E-V Frontier. . 12 3. Weekly Amarillo 900-1100 Pound Steer Prices 1980-84. . . . . 29 4. Total Cost of Gain Per Pound, Steers, Texas High Plains, 1980-84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5... on the stock is constant. 3) The stock pays no dividends or other distributions. 4) The option may only be exercised at maturity. 5) There are no transaction costs in buying or selling the stock or option. 6) It is possible to borrow any fraction...

  9. Short GRBs: Rates and luminosity function implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dafne Guetta

    2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the luminosity function and rate inferred from the BATSE short hard bursts (SHBs) peak flux distribution with the redshift and luminosity distributions of SHBs observed by Swift/HETE II. The Swift/HETE II SHB sample is incompatible with SHB population that follows the star formation rate. However, it is compatible with a distribution of delay times after the SFR. This would be the case if SHBs are associated with the mergers of double neutron star (DNS) systems. DNS may be ``primordial'' or can form dynamically by binary exchange interaction in globular clusters during core collapse. The implied SHB rates that we find range from \\sim 8 to \\sim 30h_(70)^3 Gpc^(-3)yr^(-1). This rate is a much higher than what was previously estimated and, when beaming is taken into account, it is comparable to the rate of neutron star mergers estimated from statistics of binary pulsars. If GRBs are produced in mergers the implied rate practically guarantees detection by LIGO II and possibly even by LIGO I.

  10. Compton Process in Intense Short Laser Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Krajewska; J. Z. Kaminski

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectra of Compton radiation emitted during electron scattering off an intense laser beam are calculated using the framework of strong-field quantum electrodynamics. We model these intense laser beams as finite length plane-wave-fronted pulses, similar to Neville and Rohrlich [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 3}, 1692 (1971)], or as trains of such pulses. Expressions for energy and angular distributions of Compton photons are derived such that a comparison of both situations becomes meaningful. Comparing frequency distributions for both an isolated laser pulse and a laser pulse train, we find a very good agreement between the results for long pulse durations which breaks down however for ultrashort laser pulses. The dependence of angular distributions of emitted radiation on a pulse duration is also investigated. Pronounced asymmetries of angular distributions are found for very short laser pulses, which gradually disappear with increasing the number of laser field oscillations. Those asymmetries are attributed to asymmetries of the vector potential describing an incident laser beam.

  11. Short-term energy outlook, April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from April 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the first quarter 1999, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the April 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated forecasting system (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 25 figs., 19 tabs.

  12. Raman Scattering at Plasmonic Junctions Shorted by Conductive...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between line spectra and band spectra, can be assigned to shorting the junction plasmon through molecular conductive bridges. This is demonstrated through Raman trajectories...

  13. Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody Crops Harvesting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SRC Woody Crop Header Re-direct Destination: Demand for bioenergy sourced from woody biomass is projected to increase; however, the expansion and rapid deployment of short...

  14. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The feature article for this issue is Demand, Supply and Price Outlook for Reformulated Gasoline, 1995.

  15. Short Paper: PEPSI: Privacy-Enhanced Participatory Sensing Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    Short Paper: PEPSI: Privacy-Enhanced Participatory Sensing Infrastructure Emiliano De Cristofaro-secure guarantees. In this paper, we introduce PEPSI: Privacy- Enhanced Participatory Sensing Infrastructure. We

  16. SHORT DYNAMIC FIBRILS IN SUNSPOT CHROMOSPHERES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rouppe van der Voort, L. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); De la Cruz Rodríguez, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Sunspot chromospheres display vigorous oscillatory signatures when observed using chromospheric diagnostics such as the strong Ca II lines and H?. New high-resolution sunspot observations from the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope show the ubiquitous presence of small-scale, periodic, jet-like features that move up and down. This phenomenon has not been described before. The typical width of these features is about 0.''3 and they display clear parabolic trajectories in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra, with the longest extending more than 1000 km. These jets resemble the dynamic fibrils found in plage regions but at smaller extensions. Local thermodynamic equilibrium inversion of spectropolarimetric Ca II 8542 observations enabled a comparison of the magnetic field inclination and properties of these short jets. We find that the most extended of these jets also have longer periods and tend to be located in regions with more horizontal magnetic fields. These results are direct observational confirmation of the mechanism of long-period waves propagating along inclined magnetic fields into the solar chromosphere. This mechanism was identified earlier as the driver of dynamic fibrils in plage, part of the mottles in the quiet Sun, and the type I spicules at the limb. The sunspot dynamic fibrils that we report here represent a new class of manifestation of this mechanism, distinct from the transient penumbral and umbral micro-jets reported earlier.

  17. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Italy Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 8 Contact of programs offered in Italy by SUNY campuses. These listings provide a summary about the basic

  18. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: France Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 6 SUNY Programs in Canada and other Francophone Locations 9 Recommended non-SUNY Program 11 Contact Information for all SUNY

  19. Short-term energy outlook, annual supplement 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (Supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  20. Short-term energy outlook annual supplement, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  1. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality in 95 US Urban Communities, 1987-2000 MichelleD E XPOSURE TO TROPOSPHERIC OZONE is widespread in the United States,1,2 occurring also outside southernCalifornia,whereozone formation was first recognized.3 Short- term exposure to ozone has been

  2. Mutually injecting semiconductor lasers: simulations for short and zero delay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wünsche, Hans-Jürgen "Ede"

    Mutually injecting semiconductor lasers: simulations for short and zero delay Nikolay Korneyev a und Stochastik, Mohrenstr. 39, 10117 Berlin, Germany ABSTRACT Distant lasers with mutual optical the relaxation oscillation period. In order to illuminate the role of these short delays, the ultimate zero

  3. ROBERT B. SHORT SCHOLARSHIP IN ZOOLOGY Department of Biological Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    The Robert B. Short Scholarship in Zoology provides an award of up to $1,000 to a currently enrolled graduateROBERT B. SHORT SCHOLARSHIP IN ZOOLOGY Department of Biological Science Florida State University of the proposed off-campus experience to the applicant's biological and career interests. ELIGIBILITY Currently

  4. Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 345349 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fire as a result of an internal short circuit. Therefore, the guidelines recommend that a cellJournal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 345­349 Short communication Improvement of 12 V overcharge that block the high temperature, high current, overcharging and a have safety pressure-release rupture vent

  5. Type Inference Builds a Short Cut to Deforestation Olaf Chitil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Type Inference Builds a Short Cut to Deforestation Olaf Chitil Lehrstuhl f¨ur Informatik II, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen, Germany chitil@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Abstract Deforestation optimises structures. Short cut deforestation is a de- forestation method which is based on a single, local trans

  6. Optimal Short-Range Routing of Vessels in a Seaway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert L.

    Optimal Short-Range Routing of Vessels in a Seaway Irina S. Dolinskaya¹ Miltiadis Kotinis² Michael Industrial and Operations Engineering 1205 Beal Avenue Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 ²Old Dominion University Short-Range Routing of Vessels in a Seaway Dolinskaya, I. S.1 , Kotinis, M.2 , Parsons, M. G.3

  7. Short-Circuit Modeling of a Wind Power Plant: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the short-circuit behavior of a WPP for different types of wind turbines. The short-circuit behavior will be presented. Both the simplified models and detailed models are used in the simulations and both symmetrical faults and unsymmetrical faults are discussed.

  8. Propagation of ultra-short solitons in stochastic Maxwell's equations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurt, Levent, E-mail: LKurt@gc.cuny.edu [Department of Science, Borough of Manhattan Community College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10007 (United States)] [Department of Science, Borough of Manhattan Community College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10007 (United States); Schäfer, Tobias [Department of Mathematics, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Staten Island, New York 10314 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Staten Island, New York 10314 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the propagation of ultra-short short solitons in a cubic nonlinear medium modeled by nonlinear Maxwell's equations with stochastic variations of media. We consider three cases: variations of (a) the dispersion, (b) the phase velocity, (c) the nonlinear coefficient. Using a modified multi-scale expansion for stochastic systems, we derive new stochastic generalizations of the short pulse equation that approximate the solutions of stochastic nonlinear Maxwell's equations. Numerical simulations show that soliton solutions of the short pulse equation propagate stably in stochastic nonlinear Maxwell's equations and that the generalized stochastic short pulse equations approximate the solutions to the stochastic Maxwell's equations over the distances under consideration. This holds for both a pathwise comparison of the stochastic equations as well as for a comparison of the resulting probability densities.

  9. The Millisecond Magnetar Central Engine in short GRBs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lü, Hou-Jun; Lei, Wei-Hua; Li, Ye; Lasky, Paul D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One favored progenitor model for short duration gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs) is the coalescence of two neutron stars (NS-NS). One possible outcome of such a merger would be a rapidly spinning, strongly magnetized neutron star (known as a millisecond magnetar). These magnetars may be "supra-massive", implying they would collapse to black holes after losing centrifugal support due to magnetic dipole spindown. By systematically analyzing the BAT-XRT light curves of all short GRBs detected by {\\em swift}, we test how well the data are consistent with this central engine model of short GRBs. We find that the so-called "extended emission" observed with BAT in some short GRBs are fundamentally the same component as the "internal X-ray plateau" as observed in many short GRBs, which is defined as a plateau in the lightcurve followed by a very rapid drop. Based on how likely a short GRB hosts a magnetar, we characterize the entire {\\em Swift} short GRB sample into three categories: the "internal plateau" sample, the "exter...

  10. PLANETARY AND OTHER SHORT BINARY MICROLENSING EVENTS FROM THE MOA SHORT-EVENT ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, D. P. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Sumi, T. [Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Bond, I. A.; Ling, C. H. [Institute for Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Auckland 1330 (New Zealand); Kamiya, K.; Abe, F.; Fukui, A.; Furusawa, K.; Itow, Y.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Miyake, N.; Muraki, Y. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Botzler, C. S.; Rattenbury, N. J. [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92-019, Auckland 1001 (New Zealand); Korpela, A. V.; Sullivan, D. J. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University, Wellington (New Zealand); Kilmartin, P. M. [Mt. John Observatory, P.O. Box 56, Lake Tekapo 8770 (New Zealand); Ohnishi, K. [Nagano National College of Technology, Nagano 381-8550 (Japan); Saito, To., E-mail: bennett@nd.edu [Tokyo Metropolitan College of Aeronautics, Tokyo 116-8523 (Japan); Collaboration: MOA Collaboration; and others

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the analysis of four candidate short-duration binary microlensing events from the 2006-2007 MOA Project short-event analysis. These events were discovered as a by-product of an analysis designed to find short-timescale single-lens events that may be due to free-floating planets. Three of these events are determined to be microlensing events, while the fourth is most likely caused by stellar variability. For each of the three microlensing events, the signal is almost entirely due to a brief caustic feature with little or no lensing attributable mainly to the lens primary. One of these events, MOA-bin-1, is due to a planet, and it is the first example of a planetary event in which the stellar host is only detected through binary microlensing effects. The mass ratio and separation are q (4.9 {+-} 1.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} and s = 2.10 {+-} 0.05, respectively. A Bayesian analysis based on a standard Galactic model indicates that the planet, MOA-bin-1Lb, has a mass of m{sub p} = 3.7 {+-} 2.1 M{sub Jup} and orbits a star of M{sub *} = 0.75{sub -0.41}{sup +}0{sup .33} M{sub Sun} at a semimajor axis of a = 8.3{sub -2.7}{sup +4.5} AU. This is one of the most massive and widest separation planets found by microlensing. The scarcity of such wide-separation planets also has implications for interpretation of the isolated planetary mass objects found by this analysis. If we assume that we have been able to detect wide-separation planets with an efficiency at least as high as that for isolated planets, then we can set limits on the distribution of planets in wide orbits. In particular, if the entire isolated planet sample found by Sumi et al. consists of planets bound in wide orbits around stars, we find that it is likely that the median orbital semimajor axis is >30 AU.

  11. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the second quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates.

  12. INTERPLANETARY NETWORK LOCALIZATIONS OF KONUS SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal'shin, V. D.; Svinkin, D. S.; Aptekar, R. L.; Golenetskii, S. V.; Frederiks, D. D.; Mazets, E. P.; Oleynik, P. P.; Ulanov, M. V. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Cline, T.; Trombka, J.; McClanahan, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D. V.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B. [Space Research Institute, 84/32, Profsoyuznaya, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Boynton, W.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K., E-mail: val@mail.ioffe.ru [Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); and others

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified as short bursts with extended emission). During this period, the Interplanetary Network (IPN) consisted of up to 11 spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 271 bursts were obtained. We present the most comprehensive IPN localization data on these events. The short burst detection rate, {approx}18 yr{sup -1}, exceeds that of many individual experiments.

  13. Italian Bean Soup Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Italian Bean Soup Ingredients: 15 ounces great northern beans, canned 15 ounces red kidney beans, canned 30 ounces pinto beans, canned 1 medium onion, chopped 46 ounces low sodium tomato juice, canned 15 ounces Italian-style tomatoes, canned 15 ounces vegetable broth, canned 15 ounces green beans, canned 1 1

  14. Sterile Neutrino Fits to Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, J. M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews short-baseline oscillation experiments as interpreted within the context of one, two, and three sterile neutrino models associated with additional neutrino mass states in the ~1?eV range. Appearance and ...

  15. INTERPLANETARY NETWORK LOCALIZATIONS OF KONUS SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderspek, Roland K.

    Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified ...

  16. Inventories and the short-run dynamics of commodity prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pindyck, Robert S.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I examine the behavior of inventories and their role in the short-run dynamics of commodity production and price. Competitive producers of a storable commodity react to price changes by balancing costs of changing production ...

  17. Short-term CO? abatement in the European power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delarue, Erik D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on the possibilities for short term abatement in response to a CO2 price through fuel switching in the European power sector. The model E-Simulate is used to simulate the electricity generation in Europe ...

  18. Short communication Limits to deficit accumulation in elderly people

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitnitski, Arnold B.

    Short communication Limits to deficit accumulation in elderly people Kenneth Rockwood *, Arnold We evaluated limits to the accumulation of deficits (symptoms, diseases, disabilities) for 33 which, even in developed countries, further deficit accumulation is not sustainable. # 2006 Elsevier

  19. RF performance of short channel graphene field-effect transistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Y. Q.

    In this paper, the authors present experimental studies on transport characteristics of graphene FETs with channel lengths down to 70 nm. The factors limiting the performance of short channel graphene devices are discussed. ...

  20. Methods for short-circuit identification and location in automobiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crumlin, Alex Justin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the number of electrical components in cars increases at a rapid rate, so too does the chance for electrical failure. A method for locating shorts to the chassis of a car is developed in this thesis. The developed ...

  1. Industrial Energy Auditing - A Short Course for Engineers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witte, L. C.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an intensive five day short course, directed toward engineers currently working in industry, which provides the participants with the rudiments of industrial energy auditing. Experience has shown that this format of training can...

  2. Abstract: Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    highlights a project that will develop a single pass cut and chip harvesting system for short rotation woody crops that will improve the harvesting and logistic costs of processing...

  3. Criteria to determine gas reserves using short time buildup tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerini Franchina, Agostino

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Member) Robert R. Berg (Member) Kenneth R. Hall (interim Head of Department) December 1991 ABSTRACT Criteria to Determine Gas Reserves Using Short Time Buildup Tests. ( December 1991 ) Agostino Guerini Franchina, Ingeniero de Petroleo...

  4. Short Circuit Analysis of Induction Machines Wind Power Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Howard, Dustin [Georgia Institute of Technology; Harley, Ronald [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    he short circuit behavior of Type I (fixed speed) wind turbine-generators is analyzed in this paper to aid in the protection coordination of wind plants of this type. A simple network consisting of one wind turbine-generator is analyzed for two network faults: a three phase short circuit and a phase A to ground fault. Electromagnetic transient simulations and sequence network calculations are compared for the two fault scenarios. It is found that traditional sequence network calculations give accurate results for the short circuit currents in the balanced fault case, but are inaccurate for the un-faulted phases in the unbalanced fault case. The time-current behavior of the fundamental frequency component of the short circuit currents for both fault cases are described, and found to differ significantly in the unbalanced and balanced fault cases

  5. Ultra-short nacelles for low fan pressure ratio propulsors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Andreas, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the uncharted inlet and nacelle design space for low pressure ratio fans for advanced aeroengines. A key feature in low fan pressure ratio (FPR) propulsors with short inlets and nacelles is the increased ...

  6. Squat exercise biomechanics during short-radius centrifugation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duda, Kevin R., 1979-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Artificial gravity (AG) created by short-radius centrifugation is a promising countermeasure to the physiological de-conditioning that results from long-duration spaceflight. However, as on Earth, gravity alone does not ...

  7. SHORT PAPER Zifeng Yang Partha Sarkar Hui Hu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    SHORT PAPER Zifeng Yang · Partha Sarkar · Hui Hu Visualization of the tip vortices in a wind along the elevation direction. Z. Yang Á P. Sarkar Á H. Hu (&) Department of Aerospace Engineering, Iowa

  8. Ultra-short ion and neutron pulse production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Barletta, William A.; Kwan, Joe W.

    2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An ion source has an extraction system configured to produce ultra-short ion pulses, i.e. pulses with pulse width of about 1 .mu.s or less, and a neutron source based on the ion source produces correspondingly ultra-short neutron pulses. To form a neutron source, a neutron generating target is positioned to receive an accelerated extracted ion beam from the ion source. To produce the ultra-short ion or neutron pulses, the apertures in the extraction system of the ion source are suitably sized to prevent ion leakage, the electrodes are suitably spaced, and the extraction voltage is controlled. The ion beam current leaving the source is regulated by applying ultra-short voltage pulses of a suitable voltage on the extraction electrode.

  9. Systems building of short span precast concrete bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Marvin

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SYSTEMS BUILDING OF SHORT SPAN PRECAST CONCRETE BRIDGES A Thesis by MARVIN STEELE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major... Subject: Civil Engineering SYSTEMS BUILDING OF SHORT SPAN PRECAST CONCRETE BRIDGES A Thesis by MARVIN STEELE Aoproved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department ( mber) fi (Member) May 1975 ABSTRACT Systems Building...

  10. A model for short term electric load forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tigue, John Robert

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MODEL FOR SHORT TERM ELECTRIC LOAD FORECASTING A Thesis by JOHN ROBERT TIGUE, III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major... Subject: Electrical Engineering A MODEL FOR SHORT TERM ELECTRIC LOAD FORECASTING A Thesis by JOHN ROBERT TIGUE& III Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head Depart t) (Member) ;(Me r (Member) (Member) May 1975 ABSTRACT...

  11. Numerical modeling of short pulse laser interaction with Au nanoparticle surrounded by water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Numerical modeling of short pulse laser interaction with Au nanoparticle surrounded by water Alexey, University of Virginia, USA Available online 3 February 2007 Abstract Short pulse laser interaction modeling; Nanoparticles; Cell targeting; Laser damage 1. Introduction Short pulse laser irradiation

  12. Hard probes of short-range nucleon-nucleon correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Arrington; D. W. Higinbotham; G. Rosner; M. Sargsian

    2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the primary goals of nuclear physics is providing a complete description of the structure of atomic nuclei. While mean-field calculations provide detailed information on the nuclear shell structure for a wide range of nuclei, they do not capture the complete structure of nuclei, in particular the impact of small, dense structures in nuclei. The strong, short-range component of the nucleon-nucleon potential yields hard interactions between nucleons which are close together, generating a high-momentum tail to the nucleon momentum distribution, with momenta well in excess of the Fermi momentum. This high-momentum component of the nuclear wave-function is one of the most poorly understood parts of nuclear structure. Utilizing high-energy probes, we can isolate scattering from high-momentum nucleons, and use these measurements to examine the structure and impact of short-range nucleon-nucleon correlations. Over the last decade we have moved from looking for evidence of such short-range structures to mapping out their strength in nuclei and examining their isospin structure. This has been made possible by high-luminosity and high-energy accelerators, coupled with an improved understanding of the reaction mechanism issues involved in studying these structures. We review the general issues related to short-range correlations, survey recent experiments aimed at probing these short-range structures, and lay out future possibilities to further these studies.

  13. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections. Second quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the first quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the second quarter 1995 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

  14. An improved model for flashing flow in short tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tilton, J.D.; Kornhauser, A.A. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Short tube restrictors are commonly used as expansion devices in refrigeration and heat pumping systems. Flashing flow through short tubes is choked, i.e. independent of downstream conditions. Flow rate is typically predicted by empirically correcting the flow rate of compressed liquid from upstream pressure to saturation pressure at upstream temperature. The empirical correction factors depend on pressure and temperature, on short tube geometry, and on the refrigerant used. This work extends and improves a model of short tube flow based on the physics of the observed flow phenomena. Short tube flow is believed to consist of a core of superheated liquid surrounded by an annulus of vapor. Evaporation is driven by heat transfer form the core to tine interface, and the flow is choked by the evaporated vapor. Flow rate is modeled by calculating the heat transfer rate, the evaporation rate, and the choking effect of the vapor. The model attempts to improve on previous work by improving the accuracy with which thermodynamic properties are approximated, by improving the heat transfer model, and by including the effects of frictional heating of the liquid. In comparisons with experimental data it is found that the improved thermodynamic modeling increases accuracy, but the change to the heat transfer model reduces accuracy. For the data examined the effects of the frictional heating are small. The heat transfer model is based on an existing analytic solution with a mixing-length turbulence model. It appears that this model must be further improved, perhaps through empirical modification.

  15. analyzing short-term noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    122 Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Short term effects of...

  16. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions forMeasuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions forpilots have shown that air conditioner (AC) electric loads

  17. General Relativistic Binary Merger Simulations and Short Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua A. Faber; Thomas W. Baumgarte; Stuart L. Shapiro; Keisuke Taniguchi

    2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent localization of some short-hard gamma ray bursts (GRBs) in galaxies with low star formation rates has lent support to the suggestion that these events result from compact object binary mergers. We discuss how new simulations in general relativity are helping to identify the central engine of short-hard GRBs. Motivated by our latest relativistic black hole-neutron star merger calculations, we discuss a scenario in which these events may trigger short-hard GRBs, and compare this model to competing relativistic models involving binary neutron star mergers and the delayed collapse of hypermassive neutron stars. Distinguishing features of these models may help guide future GRB and gravitational wave observations to identify the nature of the sources.

  18. Internal Short Circuits in Lithium-Ion Cells for PHEVs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sriramulu, Suresh; Stringfellow, Richard

    2013-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) has recently become a high national priority because of their potential to enable significantly reduced petroleum consumption by the domestic transportation sector in the relatively near term. Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are a critical enabling technology for PHEVs. Among battery technologies with suitable operating characteristics for use in vehicles, Li-ion batteries offer the best combination of energy, power, life and cost. Consequently, worldwide, leading corporations and government agencies are supporting the development of Li-ion batteries for PHEVs, as well as the full spectrum of vehicular applications ranging from mild hybrid to all-electric. In this project, using a combination of well-defined experiments, custom designed cells and simulations, we have improved the understanding of the process by which a Li-ion cell that develops an internal short progresses to thermal runaway. Using a validated model for thermal runaway, we have explored the influence of environmental factors and cell design on the propensity for thermal runaway in full-sized PHEV cells. We have also gained important perspectives about internal short development and progression; specifically that initial internal shorts may be augmented by secondary shorts related to separator melting. Even though the nature of these shorts is very stochastic, we have shown the critical and insufficiently appreciated role of heat transfer in influencing whether a developing internal short results in a thermal runaway. This work should lead to enhanced perspectives on separator design, the role of active materials and especially cathode materials with respect to safety and the design of automotive cooling systems to enhance battery safety in PHEVs.

  19. Short-term energy outlook. Volume 2. Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume updates models and forecasting methodologies used and presents information on new developments since November 1981. Chapter discusses the changes in forecasting methodology for motor gasoline demand, electricity sales, coking coal, and other petroleum products. Coefficient estimates, summary statistics, and data sources for many of the short-term energy models are provided. Chapter 3 evaluates previous short-term forecasts for the macroeconomic variables, total energy, petroleum supply and demand, coal consumption, natural gas, and electricity fuel shares. Chapter 4 reviews the relationship of total US energy consumption to economic activity between 1960 and 1981.

  20. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8, 2015short version)short

  1. Electron thermal transport and short-pulsed laser experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    More, R.M.; Rosen, M.D.; Langdon, A.B.

    1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this LDRD project is to provide theory for the LLNL ultra-short pulse laser experiments. The goal includes analysis of the experiments performed and help with planning new experiments. this final report we describe, the technical challenges we faced and he success we had with this project.

  2. Short communication Buried relic seawall mitigates Hurricane Sandy's impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Short communication Buried relic seawall mitigates Hurricane Sandy's impacts Jennifer L. Irish a Accepted 6 June 2013 Available online xxxx Keywords: Hurricanes Storm surge Waves Storm damage Seawalls of Hurricane Sandy revealed clear differences in patterns of the impact between two neighboring boroughs along

  3. Design of frequency synthesizers for short range wireless transceivers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valero Lopez, Ari Yakov

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid growth of the market for short-range wireless devices, with standards such as Bluetooth and Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11) being the most important, has created a need for highly integrated transceivers that target drastic power and area...

  4. Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication Pulkit Grover and Anant Sahai, the optimizing rate for our bounds on the energy consumption of green codes converges to 1 in the context of AWGN energy as green codes. Classical information theoretic approach finds the minimum transmission energy

  5. Rapid Re-Housing and Short-Term Rental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Rapid Re-Housing and Short-Term Rental Vouchers for Homeless Families: Summary Report of a Pilot of numerous reports and publications, such as Bridges and Barriers to Housing for Chronically Homeless Street Dwellers; Accessing Housing: Exploring the Impact of Medical and Substance Abuse Services; The First Two

  6. Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data Elke Lorenz, Annette Hammer University, D-26111 Oldenburg Forecasting of solar irradiance will become a major issue in the future integration of solar energy resources into existing energy supply structures. Fluctuations of solar irradiance

  7. Short Communication Cytogenetics of Hispanic and White Children with Acute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Short Communication Cytogenetics of Hispanic and White Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. Among B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients, the percentage, interestingly, Hispanics are reported to have a higher incidence of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) than non

  8. Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Greater Sage associated with wind energy development on greater sage-grouse populations. We hypothesized that greater sage-grouse nest, brood, and adult survival would decrease with increasing proximity to wind energy infrastructure

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook: Quarterly projections. Fourth quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the fourth quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the third quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications.

  10. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, second quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The forecasts in this issue cover the second quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Changes to macroeconomic measures by the Bureau of Economic Analysis have been incorporated into the STIFS model used.

  11. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections: First quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.). The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the fourth quarter of 1992, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  12. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The principal users of the Outlook are managers and energy analysts in private industry and government. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1992 through the fourth quarter of 1993. Values for the second quarter of 1992, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  13. SHORT COMMUNICATION Gas-Phase Separations of Protease Digests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemmer, David E.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Gas-Phase Separations of Protease Digests Stephen J. Valentine, Anne E University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA A mixture of peptides from a complete tryptic digest of ubiquitin has and identify peptides from a tryptic digest of ubiquitin. The mixture was electrosprayed into the gas phase

  14. Short-term energy outlook, Quarterly projections. Third quarter 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the second quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

  15. Please Supply Short Title 1 MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume 34, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Please Supply Short Title 1 MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume 34, 2006 Job: Molecular Biotechnology Biotechnology 2006 Humana Press Inc. All rights of any nature whatsoever reserved. ISSN: 1073­6085/Online ISSN of buffalograss (5). There are environmental and economical concerns about the increased use of pesticides

  16. Enhanced subthreshold electron-positron production in short laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. I. Titov; H. Takabe; B. Kampfer; A. Hosaka

    2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The emission of electron-positron pairs off a probe photon propagating through a polarized short-pulsed electromagnetic (e.g.\\ laser) wave field is analyzed. A significant increase of the total cross section of pair production in the subthreshold region is found for decreasing laser pulse duration even in case of moderate laser pulse intensities.

  17. On the Survival of Short-Period Terrestrial Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosemary A. Mardling; D. N. C. Lin

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The currently feasible method of detection of Earth-mass planets is transit photometry, with detection probability decreasing with a planet's distance from the star. The existence or otherwise of short-period terrestrial planets will tell us much about the planet formation process, and such planets are likely to be detected first if they exist. Tidal forces are intense for short-period planets, and result in decay of the orbit on a timescale which depends on properties of the star as long as the orbit is circular. However, if an eccentric companion planet exists, orbital eccentricity ($e_i$) is induced and the decay timescale depends on properties of the short-period planet, reducing by a factor of order $10^5 e_i^2$ if it is terrestrial. Here we examine the influence companion planets have on the tidal and dynamical evolution of short-period planets with terrestrial structure, and show that the relativistic potential of the star is fundamental to their survival.

  18. Short Notes Taxonomy of the Plethodontid Salamander Genus Hydromantes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    Short Notes Taxonomy of the Plethodontid Salamander Genus Hydromantes (Caudata: Plethodontidae, when Dunn made a proposal that sta- bilized taxonomy (all species placed in Hy- dromantes) for over 60. His sugges- tion for the taxonomy of the group was to recog- nize a single genus, Hydromantoides

  19. Short communication A new technique to measure micromotion distribution around

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerraoui, Rachid

    locally the relative interfacial micromotions between the metallic stem and the surrounding femoral bone arthro- plasty (THA). Animal experiments have indeed reported bone ingrowth for micromotion below 28 mmShort communication A new technique to measure micromotion distribution around a cementless femoral

  20. Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Prahlad

    for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. We then review a number of themes that in recent as a useful organizing scheme for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. In §2, we reviewWord learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and long-term memory

  1. SHORT COMMUNICATION First Collection Records of Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHORT COMMUNICATION First Collection Records of Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) From (2011); DOI: 10.1603/ME10170 ABSTRACT The phlebotomine sand ßies Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia) shannoni (Dyar species were collected from ultraviolet CO2-baited Centers for Disease Control light traps during a state

  2. SHORT REPORT Open Access Nuclear lipid droplets identified by electron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SHORT REPORT Open Access Nuclear lipid droplets identified by electron microscopy of serial that nuclear lipid droplets (LDs) are organized into domains similar to those of cytoplasmic LDs with the nuclear envelope, it could be suggested however that nuclear LDs are cytoplamic LDs trapped within

  3. ELSEVIER Bioeleetrochemistryand Bioenergetics38(1995)411-414 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otero, Toribio Fernández

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ELSEVIER Bioeleetrochemistryand Bioenergetics38(1995)411-414 Short communication Artificial musclesSymposiumon Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics,Sevilla,Spain,25-30 September1994. 0302-4598/95/$09.50 © 1995Elsevier of consecutive #12;412 T.F. Otero,J.M. Sansihena/ Bioelectrochemistryand Bioenergetics38 (1995)411-414 (b)(o) (c

  4. ANALYSIS OF SHORT-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Gayathri Vijayakumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    ANALYSIS OF SHORT-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Gayathri Vijayakumar Sanford A. Klein William A beckman@engr.wisc.edu ABSTRACT Solar radiation data are available for many locations on an hourly basis annual performance, although solar radiation can exhibit wide variations during an hour. Variations

  5. Short Communication Application of a bioenergetics model to roach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short Communication Application of a bioenergetics model to roach By F. Ho¨ lker1 and S. S. Haertel, Limnological Institute, Konstanz, Germany Summary A new set of bioenergetic parameters for adult roach (Rutilus laboratory studies with adult roach over a wide range of fish sizes (1.2­300 g) and water temperatures (5

  6. SHORT COMMUNICATION Microbeam irradiation of C. elegans nematode in microfluidic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Microbeam irradiation of C. elegans nematode in microfluidic channels M implemented a microfluidic tool for microbeam irradiation of Caenorhabditis elegans. The device allows into the microfluidic device through liquid flow between an inlet and an outlet, and the size of each microchannel

  7. SHORT COMMUNICATION Tick (Acari) Infestations of Bats in New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Tick (Acari) Infestations of Bats in New Mexico DENISE BONILLA STEINLEIN, LANCE of 278 bats belonging to 16 species was examined for ticks from various sites in New Mexico from 1994, Ornithodoros rossi, bats, ticks, New Mexico LITTLE INFORMATION IS available on the ticks associated with bats

  8. Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 130135 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 130­135 Short communication Ultra large-scale simulation-isothermal modeling and hence cou- pled consideration of water and thermal management [7], variable gas flow [8,12]. For single-phase calculations, Meng and Wang [13] first proposed a parallel computing methodology to handle

  9. Future stand conditions: Short term: Many aspen whips will sprout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future stand conditions: Short term: Many aspen whips will sprout from the roots of cut trees. Pine, aspen, birch, and basswood. What's Going on Here? Active management is being used to fulfill trees (aspen and birch) Economic goals: Generate revenue to help maintain the forest, trails and other

  10. Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu an advantage for output power prediction. Solar Energy Prediction System Our prediction model is based variability of more then 100 kW per minute. For practical usage of solar energy, predicting times of high

  11. SHORT-TERM GENERATION ASSET VALUATION: A REAL OPTIONS APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Chung-Li

    using real options to value power plants with unit commitment constraints over a short-term period. We forward-moving Monte Carlo simulation with backward-moving dynamic programming. We assume that the power significantly overvalue a power plant. With deregulation of the electricity industry a global trend, utilities

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term variability; PV plant ramp rate; daily aggregate ramp rate; inverter shells *Correspondence Rob van HaarenRESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from utility-scale solar PV plants and the output from 390 inverters. We use a simple metric, "daily aggregate ramp rate" to quantify, categorize

  13. Short communication Origin of arrhythmias in a heart model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, Richard H.

    Short communication Origin of arrhythmias in a heart model Hiba Sheheitli, Richard Rand * Dept oscillators a b s t r a c t An investigation of the nonlinear dynamics of a heart model is presented. The model com- partmentalizes the heart into one part that beats autonomously (the x oscillator), repre

  14. SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Alex

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental variability in fish ABSTRACT The effect of environmental variability on fish recruitment is analysed using simple linear growth in recruited fish, and in the mean observed growth rate of the overall population. These conclu- sions

  15. ASPECT OBJECTIVE SHORT TERM TARGET by 2015 (unless otherwise stated)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    the remainder. Completion of Waste Management Strategy by the end of 2012. Implementation of the short term actions of the WMS by 2015 and long term actions by 2020. Development of a Waste Management Strategy (WMS costs per student (FTE). Estates and Facilities and Sustainability Committee 3 Energy consumed and used

  16. SHORT COMMUNICATION The identification of novel cyclic AMP-dependent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei

    SHORT COMMUNICATION The identification of novel cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase anchoring Avenue, Scranton PA 18510, USA, 2 Functional Nano & Soft Materials Laboratory (FUNSOM), Soochow isoform have been characterized with a position- specific scoring matrix (PSSM), as derived from an align

  17. Type-Inference Based Short Cut Deforestation (nearly) without Inlining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Type-Inference Based Short Cut Deforestation (nearly) without Inlining -- Work in Progress -- Olaf@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Abstract Deforestation optimises a functional program by transforming it into another one that does not create certain intermediate data structures. In [Chi99] we presented a type-inference based deforestation

  18. Type-Inference Based Short Cut Deforestation (nearly) without Inlining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Type-Inference Based Short Cut Deforestation (nearly) without Inlining Olaf Chitil Lehrstuhl f¨ur Informatik II, RWTH Aachen, Germany chitil@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Abstract. Deforestation optimises structures. Our type-inference based deforestation algorithm performs extensive inlining, but only limited

  19. Particle Acceleration by a Short-Intense Elliptically Polarized Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Particle Acceleration by a Short-Intense Elliptically Polarized Electromagnetic Pulse Propagating to plasma physics and particle accelerators. The interaction physics of fields with particles has also been, Colchester CO4 3SQ, U.K. Abstract. The motion of a charged particle driven by an electromagnetic pulse

  20. SHORT COMMUNICATION Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Diagnostics of Bed Bug

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szalanski, Allen L.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Diagnostics of Bed Bug (Hemiptera (2011); DOI: 10.1603/ME10251 ABSTRACT Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) is a widespread blood. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) is a blood-feeding insect pest of humans and has re- gained worldwide attention due

  1. MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Muhammad A.

    MORPHOLOGY DEPENDENT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN BULK HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL Biswajit Ray, Pradeep, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA ABSTRACT Polymer based bulk heterostructure (BH) solar cell offers a relatively inexpensive option for the future solar cell technology, provided its efficiency increases beyond

  2. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Spain Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use of programs offered in Spain by SUNY campuses. These listings provide a summary about the characteristics by the SUNY campuses in Spain. In addition, there are some excellent programs in Spain outside the SUNY system

  3. Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with cancer in December of 2005 I was having healing." "Listen with your heart," he said. He insisted I put my full faith in my oncologist, my surgeon that I needed to attend to my "inner healing and heart knowledge." What did Cliff mean by "heart

  4. a SHORT GUIDE TO THE DIGITaL_HUMaNITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is produced and disseminated. Digital tools, techniques, and media have expanded traditional concepts, mobile communication, and social media, the digital revolution entered a new phase, giving risea SHORT GUIDE TO THE DIGITaL_HUMaNITIES This final section of Digital_Humanities reflects

  5. Short Communication Catalytic coal gasification: use of calcium versus potassium*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short Communication Catalytic coal gasification: use of calcium versus potassium* Ljubisa R of calcium is related to its sintering via crystallite growth. (Keywords: coal; gasification; catalysis was to study the relative merits (or liabilities) of these two catalysts in coal char gasification. This work

  6. SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) detectability from helicopters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Matthew J.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) detectability from helicopters # Springer-Verlag 2007 Abstract Aerial surveys have been used to estimate abun- dance for several wild bird species but its application for wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) populations has been limited. We

  7. SHORT COMMUNICATION Behaviour of brown bears killing wild ungulates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Behaviour of brown bears killing wild ungulates in the Cantabrian Mountains documentation regarding bear predation on wild ungulates in Southern Europe. We describe search, detection wild boar by a female bear with cubs surprised by a sudden encounter. They did not eat the boar after

  8. SHORT COMMUNICATION Prevalence of Haemophilus parasuis infection in hunted wild

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Prevalence of Haemophilus parasuis infection in hunted wild boars (Sus scrofa information is available on H. para- suis in wild boars. The aim of the present study was to evaluate H. parasuis infection in wild boars in Germany. Tissue samples from the lungs and tonsils of 531 wild boars

  9. SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) detectability from helicopters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) detectability from helicopters Aerial surveys have been used to estimate abun- dance for several wild bird species but its application for wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) populations has been limited. We surveyed Rio Grande wild turkey (M

  10. SHORT COMMUNICATION Lack of evidence of paratuberculosis in wild canids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Lack of evidence of paratuberculosis in wild canids from Southwestern Europe Wild carnivores are at the top of the trophic chain. They are predators and carrion consumers, and thus animals. We hypothe- sized that wild canids could be used as sentinels for the detection of regions

  11. Accident Analysis and Prevention 40 (2008) 12441248 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Ian

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accident Analysis and Prevention 40 (2008) 1244­1248 Short communication Power computations in time the intervention analysis of the policy, it is important to ensure that the statistical tests have enough power in a wide variety of traffic safety intervention analysis applications. Our method is illustrated

  12. A Short Note on Unsigned Stirling Numbers Dennis Walsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Dennis P.

    A Short Note on Unsigned Stirling Numbers Dennis Walsh Middle Tennessee State University The unsigned Stirling numbers | , the absolute values of Stirling numbers of the=Ð8� 5�l first kind, are well Stirling number Thel=Ð8� 5�l� following theorem formalizes this result. Theorem. For let denote an unsigned

  13. Short Paper Quantifying the source area of macroscopic charcoal with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitlock, Cathy L.

    for simulating sediment-charcoal records. The dispersal model captures the two-dimensional patternsShort Paper Quantifying the source area of macroscopic charcoal with a particle dispersal model charcoal deposition from an experimental fire to predictions from a particle dispersal model. This provides

  14. SHORT PAPER Zifeng Yang Partha Sarkar Hui Hu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    SHORT PAPER Zifeng Yang · Partha Sarkar · Hui Hu Visualization of flow structures around a gable of S ¼ p VO R2 O=Q with Q being the Z. Yang Á P. Sarkar Á H. Hu (&) Department of Aerospace Engineering

  15. Short Communication Three ocean state indices implemented in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    ), the tropical cyclone heat potential, showing the thermal energy available in the ocean to enhance or decreaseShort Communication Three ocean state indices implemented in the Mercator-Ocean operational suite L., and Soulat, F. 2008. Three ocean state indices implemented in the Mercator-Ocean operational suite. ­ ICES

  16. Differentiation Between Short and Long TCP Flows: Predictability of the Response Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avrachenkov, Konstantin

    Differentiation Between Short and Long TCP Flows: Predictability of the Response Time Konstantin favor short jobs, such as LAS (Least Attained Service), to differentiate between short and long TCP simulations and analytical results show that RuN2C has a very beneficial effect on the delay of short flows

  17. Effective Capacitance of RLC Loads for Estimating Short-Circuit Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Eby G.

    behavior of the short-circuit current. In [1], Veendrick developed a closed form expression for shortEffective Capacitance of RLC Loads for Estimating Short-Circuit Power Guoqing Chen and Eby G for estimating short-circuit power is presented in this paper. Both resistive and inductive shielding effects

  18. A Current-based Method for Short Circuit Power Calculation under Noisy Input Waveforms*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    A Current-based Method for Short Circuit Power Calculation under Noisy Input Waveforms* Hanif circuit energy dissipation of logic cells. The short circuit current is highly dependent on the input waveforms are then used to calculate the short circuit current, and hence, short circuit energy dissipation

  19. Short sequence motifs, overrepresented in mammalian conservednon-coding sequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minovitsky, Simon; Stegmaier, Philip; Kel, Alexander; Kondrashov,Alexey S.; Dubchak, Inna

    2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: A substantial fraction of non-coding DNAsequences of multicellular eukaryotes is under selective constraint. Inparticular, ~;5 percent of the human genome consists of conservednon-coding sequences (CNSs). CNSs differ from other genomic sequences intheir nucleotide composition and must play important functional roles,which mostly remain obscure.Results: We investigated relative abundancesof short sequence motifs in all human CNSs present in the human/mousewhole-genome alignments vs. three background sets of sequences: (i)weakly conserved or unconserved non-coding sequences (non-CNSs); (ii)near-promoter sequences (located between nucleotides -500 and -1500,relative to a start of transcription); and (iii) random sequences withthe same nucleotide composition as that of CNSs. When compared tonon-CNSs and near-promoter sequences, CNSs possess an excess of AT-richmotifs, often containing runs of identical nucleotides. In contrast, whencompared to random sequences, CNSs contain an excess of GC-rich motifswhich, however, lack CpG dinucleotides. Thus, abundance of short sequencemotifs in human CNSs, taken as a whole, is mostly determined by theiroverall compositional properties and not by overrepresentation of anyspecific short motifs. These properties are: (i) high AT-content of CNSs,(ii) a tendency, probably due to context-dependent mutation, of A's andT's to clump, (iii) presence of short GC-rich regions, and (iv) avoidanceof CpG contexts, due to their hypermutability. Only a small number ofshort motifs, overrepresented in all human CNSs are similar to bindingsites of transcription factors from the FOX family.Conclusion: Human CNSsas a whole appear to be too broad a class of sequences to possess strongfootprints of any short sequence-specific functions. Such footprintsshould be studied at the level of functional subclasses of CNSs, such asthose which flank genes with a particular pattern of expression. Overallproperties of CNSs are affected by patterns in mutation, suggesting thatselection which causes their conservation is not always verystrong.

  20. Short protection device for stack of electrolytic cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Katz, Murray (Newington, CT); Schroll, Craig R. (West Hartford, CT)

    1985-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical short protection is provided in an electrolytic cell stack by the combination of a thin, nonporous ceramic shield and a noble metal foil disposed on opposite sides of the sealing medium in a gas manifold gasket. The thin ceramic shield, such as alumina, is placed between the porous gasket and the cell stack face at the margins of the negative end plate to the most negative cells to impede ion current flow. The noble metal foil, for instance gold, is electrically coupled to the negative potential of the stack to collect positive ions at a harmless location away from the stack face. Consequently, corrosion products from the stack structure deposit on the foil rather than on the stack face to eliminate electrical shorting of cells at the negative end of the stack.

  1. Short-range correlations and neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kortelainen; O. Civitarese; J. Suhonen; J. Toivanen

    2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we report on the effects of short-range correlations upon the matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay. We focus on the calculation of the matrix elements of the neutrino-mass mode of neutrinoless double beta decays of 48Ca and 76Ge. The nuclear-structure components of the calculation, that is the participant nuclear wave functions, have been calculated in the shell-model scheme for 48Ca and in the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) scheme for 76Ge. We compare the traditional approach of using the Jastrow correlation function with the more complete scheme of the unitary correlation operator method (UCOM). Our results indicate that the Jastrow method vastly exaggerates the effects of short-range correlations on the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements.

  2. Short-term planning and forecasting for petroleum. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elkins, R.D.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Defense Fuel Supply Center (DFSC) has, in recent past, been unable to adequately forecast for short-term petroleum requirements. This has resulted in inaccurate replenishment quantities and required short-notice corrections, which interrupted planned resupply methods. The relationship between the annual CINCLANTFLT DFM budget and sales from the the Norfolk Defense Fuel Support Point (DFSP) is developed and the past sales data from the Norfolk DFSP is used to construct seasonality indices. Finally, the budget/sales relationship is combined with the seasonality indices to provide a new forecasting model. The model is then compared with the current one for FY-88 monthly forecasts. The comparison suggests that the new model can provide accurate, timely requirements data and improve resupply of the Norfolk Defense Fuel Support Point.

  3. Near-Term Climate Mitigation by Short-Lived Forcers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Steven J.; Mizrahi, Andrew H.

    2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions reductions focused on anthropogenic climate forcing agents with relatively short atmospheric lifetimes such as methane (CH4) and black carbon (BC) have been suggested as a strategy to reduce the rate of climate change over the next several decades. We find that reductions of methane and BC would likely have only a modest impact on near-term climate warming. Even with maximally feasible reductions phased in from 2015 to 2035, global mean temperatures in 2050 are reduced by 0.16 °C, with an uncertainty range of 0.04-0.36°C, with the high end of this range only possible if total historical aerosol forcing is small. More realistic mitigation scenarios would likely provide a smaller climate benefit. The climate benefits from targeted reductions in short-lived forcing agents are smaller than previously estimated and are not substantially different in magnitude from the benefits due to a comprehensive climate policy.

  4. SHORT-TERM EVOLUTION OF CORONAL HOLE BOUNDARIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krista, Larisza D.; Gallagher, Peter T.; Bloomfield, D. Shaun [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of open and closed field lines at coronal hole (CH) boundaries is widely accepted to be due to interchange magnetic reconnection. To date, it is unclear how the boundaries vary on short timescales and at what velocity this occurs. Here, we describe an automated boundary tracking method used to determine CH boundary displacements on short timescales. The boundary displacements were found to be isotropic and to have typical expansion/contraction speeds of {<=}2 km s{sup -1}, which indicate magnetic reconnection rates of {<=}3 x 10{sup -3}. The observed displacements were used in conjunction with the interchange reconnection model to derive typical diffusion coefficients of {<=}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. These results are consistent with an interchange reconnection process in the low corona driven by the random granular motions of open and closed fields in the photosphere.

  5. Hyperstars - Main Origin of Short Gamma Ray Bursts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnon Dar

    2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The first well-localized short-duration gamma ray bursts (GRBs), GRB 050509b, GRB 050709 and GRB 050724, could have been the narrowly beamed initial spike of a burst/hyper flare of soft gamma ray repeaters (SGRs) in host galaxies at cosmological distances. Such bursts are expected if SGRs are young hyperstars, i.e. neutron stars where a considerable fraction of their neutrons have converted to hyperons and/or strange quark matter.

  6. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, first quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the fourth quarter of 1994, however, are preliminary EIA estimates or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the first quarter 1995 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. The EIA model is available on computer tape from the National Technical Information Service.

  7. Application of Yb:YAG short pulse laser system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erbert, Gaylen V.; Biswal, Subrat; Bartolick, Joseph M.; Stuart, Brent C.; Crane, John K.; Telford, Steve; Perry, Michael D.

    2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A diode pumped, high power (at least 20W), short pulse (up to 2 ps), chirped pulse amplified laser using Yb:YAG as the gain material is employed for material processing. Yb:YAG is used as the gain medium for both a regenerative amplifier and a high power 4-pass amplifier. A single common reflective grating optical device is used to both stretch pulses for amplification purposes and to recompress amplified pulses before being directed to a workpiece.

  8. Making Relativistic Positrons Using Ultra-Intense Short Pulse Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, H; Wilks, S; Bonlie, J; Chen, C; Chen, S; Cone, K; Elberson, L; Gregori, G; Liang, E; Price, D; Van Maren, R; Meyerhofer, D D; Mithen, J; Murphy, C V; Myatt, J; Schneider, M; Shepherd, R; Stafford, D; Tommasini, R; Beiersdorfer, P

    2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a new positron source produced using ultra-intense short pulse lasers. Although it has been studied in theory since as early as the 1970s, the use of lasers as a valuable new positron source was not demonstrated experimentally until recent years, when the petawatt-class short pulse lasers were developed. In 2008 and 2009, in a series of experiments performed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a large number of positrons were observed after shooting a millimeter thick solid gold target. Up to 2 x 10{sup 10} positrons per steradian ejected out the back of {approx}mm thick gold targets were detected. The targets were illuminated with short ({approx}1 ps) ultra-intense ({approx}1 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}) laser pulses. These positrons are produced predominantly by the Bethe-Heitler process, and have an effective temperature of 2-4 MeV, with the distribution peaking at 4-7 MeV. The angular distribution of the positrons is anisotropic. For a wide range of applications, this new laser based positron source with its unique characteristics may complements the existing sources using radioactive isotopes and accelerators.

  9. Short pulse generation by laser slicing at NSLSII

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, L.; Blednykh, A.; Guo, W.; Krinsky, S.; Li, Y.; Shaftan, T.; Tchoubar, O.; Wang, G.; Willeke, F.; Yang, L.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss an upgrade R&D project for NSLSII to generate sub-pico-second short x-ray pulses using laser slicing. We discuss its basic parameters and present a specific example for a viable design and its performance. Since the installation of the laser slicing system into the storage ring will break the symmetry of the lattice, we demonstrate it is possible to recover the dynamical aperture to the original design goal of the ring. There is a rapid growth of ultrafast user community interested in science using sub-pico-second x-ray pulses. In BNL's Short Pulse Workshop, the discussion from users shows clearly the need for a sub-pico-second pulse source using laser slicing method. In the proposal submitted following this workshop, NSLS team proposed both hard x-ray and soft x-ray beamlines using laser slicing pulses. Hence there is clearly a need to consider the R&D efforts of laser slicing short pulse generation at NSLSII to meet these goals.

  10. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, fourth quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for printed publication in January, April, July, and October in the Short-Term Energy Outlook. The details of these projections, as well as monthly updates on or about the 6th of each interim month, are available on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the fourth quarter of 1997 through the fourth quarter of 1998. Values for the fourth quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the fourth quarter 1997 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. 19 tabs.

  11. Subtask 4.2 - Coal Gasification Short Course

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Galbreath

    2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Major utilities, independent power producers, and petroleum and chemical companies are intent on developing a fleet of gasification plants primarily because of high natural gas prices and the implementation of state carbon standards, with federal standards looming. Currently, many projects are being proposed to utilize gasification technologies to produce a synthesis gas or fuel gas stream for the production of hydrogen, liquid fuels, chemicals, and electricity. Financing these projects is challenging because of the complexity, diverse nature of gasification technologies, and the risk associated with certain applications of the technology. The Energy & Environmental Research Center has developed a gasification short course that is designed to provide technical personnel with a broad understanding of gasification technologies and issues, thus mitigating the real or perceived risk associated with the technology. Based on a review of research literature, tutorial presentations, and Web sites on gasification, a short course presentation was prepared. The presentation, consisting of about 500 PowerPoint slides, provides at least 7 hours of instruction tailored to an audience's interests and needs. The initial short course is scheduled to be presented September 9 and 10, 2009, in Grand Forks, North Dakota.

  12. Fluid dynamic issues in continuous wave short wavelength chemical lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mikatarian, R.R.; Jumper, E.J.; Woolhiser, C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses fluid dynamic issues of concern in the design and development of Continuous Wave (CW) Short Wavelength Chemical Lasers (SWCLs). Short Wavelength Chemical Laser technology is in its research stage and SWCL concepts are in their evolving mode. Researchers are presently addressing candidate chemical systems and activation concepts. Since these lasers will be flowing systems, it is necessary to discuss both the probable fluid dynamics issues, because of the inherent complexities fluid dynamicist can support this activity. In addition to addressing the SWCL fluid dynamic issues, this paper will review past fluid dynamic activities in high energy lasers and discuss additional research still required. This paper will also address the various levels of fluid dynamic modeling and how these models can be applied in studying the fluid dynamics of Short Wavelength Chemical Lasers. Where it is felt that specific fluid methodologies are not available, but are required in order to conduct specific analyses, they will be defined. 34 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Short-term energy outlook, Annual supplement 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This supplement is published once a year as a complement to the Short- Term Energy Outlook, Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts. Chap. 2 analyzes the response of the US petroleum industry to the recent four Federal environmental rules on motor gasoline. Chap. 3 compares the EIA base or mid case energy projections for 1995 and 1996 (as published in the first quarter 1995 Outlook) with recent projections made by four other major forecasting groups. Chap. 4 evaluates the overall accuracy. Chap. 5 presents the methology used in the Short- Term Integrated Forecasting Model for oxygenate supply/demand balances. Chap. 6 reports theoretical and empirical results from a study of non-transportation energy demand by sector. The empirical analysis involves the short-run energy demand in the residential, commercial, industrial, and electrical utility sectors in US.

  14. CLATHRATE HYDRATES FORMATION IN SHORT-PERIOD COMETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marboeuf, Ulysse; Mousis, Olivier; Petit, Jean-Marc [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Schmitt, Bernard, E-mail: marboeuf@ujf-grenoble.f [Universite Joseph Fourier, Laboratoire de Planetologie de Grenoble, CNRS INSU (France)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The initial composition of current models of cometary nuclei is only based on two forms of ice: crystalline ice for long-period comets and amorphous ice for short-period comets. A third form of ice, i.e., clathrate hydrate, could exist within the short-period cometary nuclei, but the area of formation of this crystalline structure in these objects has never been studied. Here, we show that the thermodynamic conditions in the interior of short-period comets allow the existence of clathrate hydrates in Halley-type comets. We show that their existence is viable in the Jupiter family comets only when the equilibrium pressure of CO clathrate hydrate is at least 1 order of magnitude lower than the usually assumed theoretical value. We calculate that the amount of volatiles that could be trapped in the clathrate hydrate layer may be orders of magnitude greater than the daily amount of gas released at the surface of the nucleus at perihelion. The formation and the destruction of the clathrate hydrate cages could then explain the diversity of composition of volatiles observed in comets, as well as some pre-perihelion outbursts. We finally show that the potential clathrate hydrate layer in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko would, unfortunately, be deep inside the nucleus, out of reach of the Rosetta lander. However, such a clathrate hydrate layer would show up by the gas composition of the coma.

  15. Analysis of Short-Bunch Production with the APS Booster and a Bunch Compressor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Analysis of Short-Bunch Production with the APS Booster and a Bunch Compressor Michael Borland, AOD relatively short, then compressing it with a magnetic bunch compressor. In this note, we present

  16. Modeling the comfort effects of short-wave solar radiation indoors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arens, Edward; Huang, Li; Hoyt, Tyler; Zhou, Xin; Schiavon, Stefano

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    effects of short-wave solar radiation indoors. Building andEFFECTS OF SHORT-WAVE SOLAR RADIATION INDOORS Edward ARENSK. The effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort.

  17. High-power single mode solid state laser with short wide unstable cavity: Misprints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouznetsov, Dmitrii

    1 High-power single mode solid state laser with short wide unstable cavity: Misprints D. Kouznetsov. Kouznetsov, J.-F. Bisson, K. Takaichi K. Ueda. High-power single mode solid state laser with short wide

  18. Assessing the level of service for shipments originating or terminating on short line railroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpert, Steven M

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis measures railroad freight trip time and trip time reliability for freight rail shipments involving short lines in 2006. It is based on an underlying MIT study commissioned by members of the short line railroading ...

  19. aneurysm repair short-term: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is socially excessive. The empirical analysis shows that the short-term debt to reserves ratio is a robust predictor of -nancial crises, and that greater short-term...

  20. SPE 124332 (revised) Hierarchical Long-Term and Short-Term Production Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    . In our study we used a 3-dimensional reservoir in a fluvial depositional environment with a production at maximizing short-term production. The optimal life-cycle waterflooding strategy that includes short

  1. Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, second quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1997 through the fourth quarter of 1998. Values for the first quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the second quarter 1997 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). 34 figs., 19 tabs.

  2. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, first quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the fourth quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the first quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook.

  3. Relativistic Positron Creation Using Ultra-Intense Short Pulse Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, H; Wilks, S; Bonlie, J; Liang, E; Myatt, J; Price, D; Meyerhofer, D; Beiersdorfer, P

    2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure up to 2 x 10{sup 10} positrons per steradian ejected out the back of {approx}mm thick gold targets when illuminated with short ({approx} 1 ps) ultra-intense ({approx} 1 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}) laser pulses. Positrons produced predominately by the Bethe-Heitler process and have an effective temperature of 2-4 MeV, with the distribution peaking at 4-7 MeV. The angular distribution of the positrons is anisotropic. The measurements indicate the laser produced, relativistic positron densities ({approx} 10{sup 16} positrons/cm{sup 3}) are the highest ever created in the laboratory.

  4. Arrogant characters in the short stories of W. Somerset Maugham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henson, Betty Jo

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    black lace veil hung over her shoulders, a cloak that oddly com- bined severity with fussiness, a long black dress, voluminous as though she wore several petticoats under it, and stout boots. She was evidently short- sighted, for she looked at you... on Talua, a South Pacific island. Walker, on the other hand, had run away to sea when he was fifteen?and at sixteen had won enough money on a horse race to buy his own ship. Lacking a formal education, he detests writing the reports required by his...

  5. Short-term energy outlook, quarterly projections, second quarter 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The details of these projections, as well as monthly updates, are available on the Internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. The paper discusses outlook assumptions; US energy prices; world oil supply and the oil production cutback agreement of March 1998; international oil demand and supply; world oil stocks, capacity, and net trade; US oil demand and supply; US natural gas demand and supply; US coal demand and supply; US electricity demand and supply; US renewable energy demand; and US energy demand and supply sensitivities. 29 figs., 19 tabs.

  6. Production of short lived radioactive beams of radium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shidling, P D; van der Hoek, D J; Jungmann, K; Kruithof, W; Onderwater, C J G; Sohani, M; Versolato, O O; Willmann, L; Wilschut, H W

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short lived $^{212,213,214}$Ra isotopes have been produced at the TRI$\\mu$P facility in inverse kinematics via the fusion-evaporation reaction $^{206}$Pb+$^{12}$C at 8 MeV/u. Isotopes are separated from other reaction products online using the TRI$\\mu$P magnetic separator. The energetic radium (Ra) isotopes at the exit of the separator were converted into low energy ions with a thermal ionizer. Ra isotopes have been identified by observing their $\\alpha$ decay and life times.

  7. Production of short lived radioactive beams of radium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. D. Shidling; G. S. Giri; D. J. van der Hoek; K. Jungmann; W. Kruithof; C. J. G. Onderwater; M. Sohani; O. O. Versolato; L. Willmann; H. W. Wilschut

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Short lived $^{212,213,214}$Ra isotopes have been produced at the TRI$\\mu$P facility in inverse kinematics via the fusion-evaporation reaction $^{206}$Pb+$^{12}$C at 8 MeV/u. Isotopes are separated from other reaction products online using the TRI$\\mu$P magnetic separator. The energetic radium (Ra) isotopes at the exit of the separator were converted into low energy ions with a thermal ionizer. Ra isotopes have been identified by observing their $\\alpha$ decay and life times.

  8. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - August 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-Term Energy

  9. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - February 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-Term

  10. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - January 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 1 Short-TermJanuary

  11. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - June 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term

  12. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - May 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 1

  13. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - October 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 15 1

  14. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - September 2005

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15 1 Short-Term5 15

  15. U.S. gasoline prices decreased (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8,2,short version)

  16. Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term3 1

  17. Short-baseline neutrinos Recent results and future prospects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term3

  18. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version) The

  19. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

  20. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to decrease (short

  1. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8, 2015 U.S.increase (short

  2. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8, 2015short version) The

  3. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8, 2015short version)

  4. U.S. gasoline prices continue to increase (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices continue to8, 2015short

  5. TESLA Report 2003-19 THE SHORT-RANGE TRANSVERSE WAKE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA Report 2003-19 THE SHORT-RANGE TRANSVERSE WAKE FUNCTION FOR TESLA ACCELERATING STRUCTURE T of a Free Electron Laser in TESLA project requires very short bunches. It results in a very long interaction calculate the short-range transverse wakefields of the TESLA linac accelerating structure. Wake fields

  6. Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts V with short gamma ray bursts detected by the InterPlanetary Network (IPN) during LIGO's fifth science run and Virgo's first science run. The IPN localisation of short gamma ray bursts is limited to extended error

  7. Short-Pulse Laser-Produced Plasmas Jean-Claude Gauthier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Short-Pulse Laser-Produced Plasmas Jean-Claude Gauthier Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications Summary. In this review, the physics of short-pulse laser-produced plasmas at moderate intensities-ray sources [14]. In this short review, we concentrate on "low" (non-relativistic) laser in- tensities, i.e. I

  8. Computational study of cooling rates and recrystallization kinetics in short pulse laser quenching of metal targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Computational study of cooling rates and recrystallization kinetics in short pulse laser quenching@virginia.edu Abstract. Short pulse laser melting and resolidification of a metal target are investigated in continuum in the simulations. 1. Introduction Short pulse laser processing of metal surfaces typically involves fast transient

  9. Molecular Resonance Raman and Rayleigh Scattering Stimulated by a Short Laser Pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagedorn, George A.

    Molecular Resonance Raman and Rayleigh Scattering Stimulated by a Short Laser Pulse George A.S.A. May 9, 2013 Abstract We study a simple model for a molecule subjected to a short laser pulse. We resonance Rayleigh and Raman scattering amplitudes for a molecular system subjected to a short laser pulse

  10. Channels of energy redistribution in short-pulse laser interactions with metal targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Channels of energy redistribution in short-pulse laser interactions with metal targets Leonid V The kinetics and channels of laser energy redistribution in a target irradiated by a short, 1 ps, laser pulse of a target irradiated by a short laser pulse as well as on the characteristics of laser-induced phase

  11. Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal Ni and Au films irradiated by a short, from 200 fs to 150 ps, laser pulse are investigated of the inertial stress confinement, realized in the case of short 10 ps laser pulses and strong electron

  12. On Selffocusing of Short Laser Pulses Vladimir Malkin \\Lambda George Papanicolaou y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Self­focusing of Short Laser Pulses Vladimir Malkin \\Lambda George Papanicolaou y February 14, 1995 Abstract We consider the well­known problem of self­focusing of short laser pulses in media­up. 1 Introduction and background Self­focusing of short laser pulses in media with attracting Kerr

  13. Laser-induced resonance states as dynamic suppressors of ionization in high-frequency short pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Roi

    Laser-induced resonance states as dynamic suppressors of ionization in high-frequency short pulses is used to study the suppression of ionization in short laser pulses. In the high-frequency limit the adiabatic equations involve only the pulse envelope where transitions are purely ramp effects. For a short

  14. Physical mechanisms of short pulse laser ablation D. von der Linde and K. Sokolowski-Tinten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Linde, D.

    Physical mechanisms of short pulse laser ablation D. von der Linde and K. Sokolowski precision can be obtained with the use of very short laser pulses1 . However, a convincing explanation mechanisms of short pulse laser ablation should be of great current interest, both from the point of view

  15. Atomistic Modeling of Short Pulse Laser Ablation of Metals: Connections between Melting, Spallation, and Phase Explosion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Atomistic Modeling of Short Pulse Laser Ablation of Metals: Connections between Melting, Spallation 14, 2009; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: May 4, 2009 The mechanisms of short pulse laser interactions. Introduction Short pulse laser ablation is the phenomenon that is actively usedinabroadrangeofapplications

  16. Development of a nanosecond-laser-pumped Raman amplifier for short laser pulses in plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of a nanosecond-laser-pumped Raman amplifier for short laser pulses in plasma Y. Ping,1 Raman amplification of short laser pulses in a plasma was proposed a decade ago in order to reach of solid-state optics. The amplifica- tion of short laser pulses is achieved by energy transfer from a long

  17. Single channel speech enhancement using MMSE estimation of short-time modulation magnitude spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Single channel speech enhancement using MMSE estimation of short-time modulation magnitude spectrum.wojcicki@gmail.com Abstract In this paper we investigate the enhancement of speech by ap- plying MMSE short-time spectral domain spectral subtraction. Index Terms: speech enhancement, MMSE short-time spectral magnitude

  18. Rogue Wave Modes for the Long Wave-Short Wave Resonance Kwok Wing CHOW*(1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Rogue Wave Modes for the Long Wave-Short Wave Resonance Model Kwok Wing CHOW*(1) , Hiu Ning CHAN.45.Yv; 47.35.Fg ABSTRACT The long wave-short wave resonance model arises physically when the phase velocity of a long wave matches the group velocity of a short wave. It is a system of nonlinear evolution

  19. First observations of short wavelength coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) at BC3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First observations of short wavelength coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) at BC3 Christopher-FLA) short wavelength CSR at BC3 11th December 2007 1 / 26 #12;Outline 1 Motivation CSR at BC3 End Christopher Behrens (DESY-FLA) short wavelength CSR at BC3 11th December 2007 2 / 26 #12

  20. CAPACITY AT SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION APPROACH WITH A SHORT RIGHT-TURN LANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Zong Z.

    blockage to the short right-turn lane. The proposed model provides enhancements to the current Highway to the short-lane section, the capacity of the approach is reduced. The current HCM procedure wouldCAPACITY AT SIGNALIZED INTERSECTION APPROACH WITH A SHORT RIGHT-TURN LANE Zong Z. Tian Associate

  1. A Short-Time Quantum Mechanical Expansion Approach to Vibrational Relaxation Eran Rabani*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabani, Eran

    A Short-Time Quantum Mechanical Expansion Approach to Vibrational Relaxation Eran Rabani*, School" molecule embedded in a "quantum" host is approached from the perspective of a short-time expansion that depend on both position and momentum. A simple ansatz is used to connect the short-time and long

  2. ANN-based Short-Term Load Forecasting in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    ANN-based Short-Term Load Forecasting in Electricity Markets Hong Chen Claudio A. Ca~nizares Ajit1 Abstract--This paper proposes an Artificial Neu- ral Network (ANN)-based short-term load forecasting, electricity markets, spot prices, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) I. Introduction Short

  3. MANAGING SHORT-LIFECYCLE TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS FOR AGERE S. David Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, David

    MANAGING SHORT-LIFECYCLE TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS FOR AGERE SYSTEMS S. David Wu Department of Industrial demands for short-lifecycle technology products. Agere is particularly interested in using demand the leading indicator approach to various planning functions. Key words: Short-Lifecycle Technology Products

  4. PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL OPERATION AND DEGRADATION IN SHORT-CIRCUIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL OPERATION AND DEGRADATION IN SHORT-CIRCUIT R.E. Silvaa, b, d , F exchange membrane fuel cells, short circuit, degradation mechanism, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy an electrical short circuit of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack. The physical quantities in the fuel

  5. Investigation of laser-driven proton acceleration using ultra-short, ultra-intense laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marjoribanks, Robin S.

    Investigation of laser-driven proton acceleration using ultra-short, ultra- intense laser pulses S;Investigation of laser-driven proton acceleration using ultra-short, ultra-intense laser pulses S. Fourmaux,1,a metallic foils irradiated by ultra-intense ultra-short laser pulses.8­10 Laser-driven ion beams take

  6. Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Ursula

    Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation A. COUAIRON 27 February 2005; in final form 2 June 2005) Theoretical studies of filamentation of ultra-short near. This suggests a very simple design for the generation of ultra-short, sub-femtosecond XUV optical pulses. 1

  7. On Self-focusing of Short Laser Pulses Vladimir Malkin George Papanicolaouy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for \\ultra-short" laser pulses, so that time dispersion may be neglected at least during the early stageOn Self-focusing of Short Laser Pulses Vladimir Malkin George Papanicolaouy February 14, 1995 Abstract We consider the well-known problem of self-focusing of short laser pulses in media with normal

  8. IEEE Photonics Journal New materials for amplifiers New materials for short-pulse amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the development of directly- diode-pumped high power and ultra-short lasers [1-2]. This is possible thanks, allowing then ultra-short-pulse generation. Since the laser performance of Yb-doped crystals is strongly and that have broad emission bandwidth to achieved ultra-short pulse amplification. This is why, for more than

  9. Fracture behavior of short circumferentially surface-cracked pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishnaswamy, P.; Scott, P.; Mohan, R. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)] [and others

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This topical report summarizes the work performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Comniission`s (NRC) research program entitled ``Short Cracks in Piping and Piping Welds`` that specifically focuses on pipes with short, circumferential surface cracks. The following details are provided in this report: (i) material property deteminations, (ii) pipe fracture experiments, (iii) development, modification and validation of fracture analysis methods, and (iv) impact of this work on the ASME Section XI Flaw Evaluation Procedures. The material properties developed and used in the analysis of the experiments are included in this report and have been implemented into the NRC`s PIFRAC database. Six full-scale pipe experiments were conducted during this program. The analyses methods reported here fall into three categories (i) limit-load approaches, (ii) design criteria, and (iii) elastic-plastic fracture methods. These methods were evaluated by comparing the analytical predictions with experimental data. The results, using 44 pipe experiments from this and other programs, showed that the SC.TNP1 and DPZP analyses were the most accurate in predicting maximum load. New Z-factors were developed using these methods. These are being considered for updating the ASME Section XI criteria.

  10. SHORT-TERM SOLAR FLARE PREDICTION USING MULTIRESOLUTION PREDICTORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Daren; Huang Xin; Hu Qinghua; Zhou Rui [Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 92 West Da-Zhi Street, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province (China); Wang Huaning [National Astronomical Observatories, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing (China); Cui Yanmei, E-mail: huangxinhit@yahoo.com.c [Center for Space Science and Applied Research, No. 1 Nanertiao, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing (China)

    2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiresolution predictors of solar flares are constructed by a wavelet transform and sequential feature extraction method. Three predictors-the maximum horizontal gradient, the length of neutral line, and the number of singular points-are extracted from Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Michelson Doppler Imager longitudinal magnetograms. A maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform is used to decompose the sequence of predictors into four frequency bands. In each band, four sequential features-the maximum, the mean, the standard deviation, and the root mean square-are extracted. The multiresolution predictors in the low-frequency band reflect trends in the evolution of newly emerging fluxes. The multiresolution predictors in the high-frequency band reflect the changing rates in emerging flux regions. The variation of emerging fluxes is decoupled by wavelet transform in different frequency bands. The information amount of these multiresolution predictors is evaluated by the information gain ratio. It is found that the multiresolution predictors in the lowest and highest frequency bands contain the most information. Based on these predictors, a C4.5 decision tree algorithm is used to build the short-term solar flare prediction model. It is found that the performance of the short-term solar flare prediction model based on the multiresolution predictors is greatly improved.

  11. GRB 060313: A New Paradigm for Short-Hard Bursts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roming, P W A; Palshin, V D; Pagani, C; Norris, J; Kumar, P; Krimm, H; Holland, S T; Gronwall, C; Blustin, A J; Zhang, B; Schady, P; Sakamoto, T; Osborne, J P; Nousek, J A; Marshall, F E; Mészáros, P; Golenetskii, S V; Gehrels, N; Frederiks, D D; Campana, S; Burrows, D N; Boyd, P T; Barthelmy, S; Aptekar, R L; Roming, Peter W. A.; Berk, Daniel Vanden; Palshin, Valentin; Pagani, Claudio; Norris, Jay; Kumar, Pawan; Krimm, Hans; Holland, Stephen T.; Gronwall, Caryl; Zhang, Bing; Schady, Patricia; Sakamoto, Takanori; Osborne, Julian P.; Nousek, John A.; Marshall, Frank E.; Meszaros, Peter; Golenetskii, Sergey V.; Gehrels, Neil; Frederiks, Dmitry D.; Campana, Sergio; Burrows, David N.; Boyd, Patricia T.; Barthelmy, Scott

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the simultaneous observations of the prompt emission in the gamma-ray and hard X-ray bands by the Swift-BAT and the KONUS-Wind instruments of the short-hard burst, GRB 060313. The observations reveal multiple peaks in both the gamma-ray and hard X-ray suggesting a highly variable outflow from the central explosion. We also describe the early-time observations of the X-ray and UV/Optical afterglows by the Swift XRT and UVOT instruments. The combination of the X-ray and UV/Optical observations provide the most comprehensive lightcurves to date of a short-hard burst at such an early epoch. The afterglows exhibit complex structure with different decay indices and flaring. This behavior can be explained by the combination of a structured jet, radiative loss of energy, and decreasing microphysics parameters occurring in a circum-burst medium with densities varying by a factor of approximately two on a length scale of 10^17 cm. These density variations are normally associated with the environment of a mass...

  12. Extended Emission of Short Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin Lin; En-Wei Liang; Bin-Bin Zhang; Shuang Nan Zhang

    2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary results of our analysis on the extended emission of short/medium duration GRBs observed with Swift/BAT are presented. The Bayesian blocks algorithm is used to analyze the burst durations and the temporal structure of the lightcurves in different energy bands. We show here the results of three bursts (GRBs 050724, 061006 and 070714B) that have a prominent soft extended emission component in our sample. The extended emission of these bursts is a continuous, flickering-liked component, lasting $\\sim 100$ seconds post the GRB trigger at 15-25 keV bands. Without considering this component, the three bursts are classified as short GRBs, with $T_{90}=2\\sim 3$ seconds. GRB 060614 has an emission component similar to the extended emission, but this component has pulse-liked structure, possibly indicating that this emission component is different from that observed in GRBs 050724, 061006, and 070714B. Further analysis on the spectral evolution behavior of the extended emission component is on going.

  13. Light Sterile Neutrinos and Short Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JiJi Fan; Paul Langacker

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study two possible explanations for short baseline neutrino oscillation anomalies, such as the LSND and MiniBooNE anti-neutrino data, and for the reactor anomaly. The first scenario is the mini-seesaw mechanism with two eV-scale sterile neutrinos. We present both analytic formulas and numerical results showing that this scenario could account for the short baseline and reactor anomalies and is consistent with the observed masses and mixings of the three active neutrinos. We also show that this scenario could arise naturally from an effective theory containing a TeV-scale VEV, which could be related to other TeV-scale physics. The minimal version of the mini-seesaw relates the active-sterile mixings to five real parameters and favors an inverted hierarchy. It has the interesting property that the effective Majorana mass for neutrinoless double beta decay vanishes, while the effective masses relevant to tritium beta decay and to cosmology are respectively around 0.2 and 2.4 eV. The second scenario contains only one eV-scale sterile neutrino but with an effective non-unitary mixing matrix between the light sterile and active neutrinos. We find that though this may explain the anomalies, if the non-unitarity originates from a heavy sterile neutrino with a large (fine-tuned) mixing angle, this scenario is highly constrained by cosmological and laboratory observations.

  14. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, third quarter 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the second quarter of 1996, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the third quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

  15. Short-Term Test Results: Multifamily Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multifamily deep energy retrofits (DERs) represent great potential for energy savings, while also providing valuable insights on research-generated efficiency measures, cost-effectiveness metrics, and risk factor strategies for the multifamily housing industry. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a base scope retrofit with a goal of achieving 30% savings (relative to pre-retrofit), and a DER scope with a goal of 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit). The base scope has been applied to the entire complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. Findings from the implementation, commissioning, and short-term testing at Bay Ridge include air infiltration reductions of greater than 60% in the DER building; a hybrid heat pump system with a Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) > 1 (relative to a high efficiency furnace) which also provides the resident with added incentive for energy savings; and duct leakage reductions of > 60% using an aerosolized duct sealing approach. Despite being a moderate rehab instead of a gut rehab, the Bay Ridge DER is currently projected to achieve energy savings ? 50% compared to pre-retrofit, and the short-term testing supports this estimate.

  16. Breit-Wheeler process in very short electromagnetic pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. I. Titov; B. Kampfer; H. Takabe; A. Hosaka

    2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized Breit-Wheeler process, i.e. the emission of $e^+e^-$ pairs off a probe photon propagating through a polarized short-pulsed electromagnetic (e.g.\\ laser) wave field, is analyzed. We show that the production probability is determined by the interplay of two dynamical effects. The first one is related to the shape and duration of the pulse and the second one is the non-linear dynamics of the interaction of $e^\\pm$ with the strong electromagnetic field. The first effect manifests itself most clearly in the weak-field regime, where the small field intensity is compensated by the rapid variation of the electromagnetic field in a limited space-time region, which intensifies the few-photon events and can enhance the production probability by orders of magnitude compared to an infinitely long pulse. Therefore, short pulses may be considered as a powerful amplifier. The non-linear dynamics in the multi-photon Breit-Wheeler regime plays a decisive role at large field intensities, where effects of the pulse shape and duration are less important. In the transition regime, both effects must be taken into account simultaneously. We provide suitable expressions for the $e^+e^-$ production probability for kinematic regions which can be used in transport codes.

  17. Confinement and the Short Type I' Flux Tube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamoli Chaudhuri

    2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the recent world-sheet analysis of the quantum fluctuations of a short flux tube in type II string theory leads to a simple and precise description of a pair of stuck D0branes in an orientifold compactification of the type I' string theory. The existence of a stable type I' flux tube of sub-string-scale length is a consequence of the confinement of quantized flux associated with the scalar dualized ten-form background field strength *F_{10}, evidence for a -2brane in the BPS spectrum of M theory. Using heterotic-type I duality, we infer the existence of an M2brane of finite width O(\\sqrt{\\alpha'}) in M-theory, the strong coupling resolution of a spacetime singularity in the D=9 twisted and toroidally compactified E_8 x E_8 heterotic string. This phenomenon has a bosonic string analog in the existence of a stable short electric flux tube arising from the confinement of photons due to tachyon field dynamics. The appendix clarifies the appearance of nonperturbative states and enhanced gauge symmetry in toroidal compactifications of the type I' string. We account for all of the known disconnected components of the moduli space of theories with sixteen supercharges, in striking confirmation of heterotic-type I duality.

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Uncertainties in the Short-Term Global Petroleum and Other Liquids Supply Forecast

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the Short-Term

  19. X-ray spectroscopy of buried layer foils irradiated with an ultra high intensity short pulse laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sophia Nan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of hot dense matter in short-pulse laser-plasma interactionof hot dense matter in short-pulse laser-plasma interactiona better picture of short pulse laser produced plasmas can

  20. Short-term exploitative competition can explain human foraging patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saavedra, Serguei; Switanek, Nicholas; Uzzi, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory purports that animal foraging choices evolve to maximize returns, such as net energy intake. Empirical research in both human and nonhuman animals reveals that many times foraging choices are context dependent and affected by the foraging choices of others. Yet, broad empirical facts on the link between optimal foraging patterns, competition and context-dependent information are only now emerging due to the complication of gathering field data or constructing experiments. Here, we analyze foraging choices by a cohort of professional day traders who face the trade-off of trading the same stock multiple times in a row---patch exploitation---or switching to a different stock---patch exploration---with potentially higher returns. Our findings indicate that traders' foraging patterns are characterized by short-term comparative returns that decrease in proportion to patch exploitation and exploration, a novel measure that captures the difference between a trader's resource intake and the competitors' expecte...

  1. THE AFTERGLOW AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE SHORT GRB 111117A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margutti, R.; Berger, E.; Fong, W.; Zauderer, B. A.; Soderberg, A. M.; Milisavljevic, D.; Sanders, N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cenko, S. B. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Greiner, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, D-85740 Garching (Germany); Cucchiara, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Rossi, A.; Klose, S.; Schmidl, S. [Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg (Germany)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present multi-wavelength observations of the afterglow of the short GRB 111117A, and follow-up observations of its host galaxy. From rapid optical and radio observations, we place limits of r {approx}> 25.5 mag at {delta}t Almost-Equal-To 0.55 days and F{sub {nu}}(5.8 GHz) {approx}< 18 {mu}Jy at {delta}t Almost-Equal-To 0.50 days, respectively. However, using a Chandra observation at {delta}t Almost-Equal-To 3.0 days we locate the absolute position of the X-ray afterglow to an accuracy of 0.''22 (1{sigma}), a factor of about six times better than the Swift/XRT position. This allows us to robustly identify the host galaxy and to locate the burst at a projected offset of 1.''25 {+-} 0.''20 from the host centroid. Using optical and near-IR observations of the host galaxy we determine a photometric redshift of z = 1.3{sup +0.3}{sub -0.2}, one of the highest for any short gamma-ray burst (GRB), leading to a projected physical offset for the burst of 10.5 {+-} 1.7 kpc, typical of previous short GRBs. At this redshift, the isotropic {gamma}-ray energy is E{sub {gamma},iso} Almost-Equal-To 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 51} erg (rest-frame 23-2300 keV) with a peak energy of E{sub pk} Almost-Equal-To 850-2300 keV (rest-frame). In conjunction with the isotropic X-ray energy, GRB 111117A appears to follow our recently reported E{sub x,iso}-E{sub {gamma},iso}-E{sub pk} universal scaling. Using the X-ray data along with the optical and radio non-detections, we find that for a blastwave kinetic energy of E{sub K,iso} Almost-Equal-To E{sub {gamma},iso} erg, the circumburst density is n{sub 0} Almost-Equal-To 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} - 1 cm{sup -3} (for a range of {epsilon}{sub B} = 0.001-0.1). Similarly, from the non-detection of a break in the X-ray light curve at {delta}t {approx}< 3 days, we infer a minimum opening angle for the outflow of {theta}{sub j} {approx}> 3-10 Degree-Sign (depending on the circumburst density). We conclude that Chandra observations of short GRBs are effective at determining precise positions and robust host galaxy associations in the absence of optical and radio detections.

  2. Short-range atmospheric dispersion of carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cortis, A.; Oldenburg, C.M.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a numerical study aimed at quantifying the effects of concentration-dependent density on the spread of a seeping plume of CO{sub 2} into the atmosphere such as could arise from a leaking geologic carbon sequestration site. Results of numerical models can be used to supplement field monitoring estimates of CO{sub 2} seepage flux by modelling transport and dispersion between the source emission and concentration-measurement points. We focus on modelling CO{sub 2} seepage dispersion over relatively short distances where density effects are likely to be important. We model dense gas dispersion using the steady-state Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations with density dependence in the gravity term. Results for a two-dimensional system show that a density dependence emerges at higher fluxes than prior estimates. A universal scaling relation is derived that allows estimation of the flux from concentrations measured downwind and vice versa.

  3. Scattering of short laser pulses from trapped fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Wong; Ozgur Mustecaplioglu; L. You; M. Lewenstein

    2000-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the scattering of intense short laser pulses off trapped cold fermionic atoms. We discuss the sensitivity of the scattered light to the quantum statistics of the atoms. The temperature dependence of the scattered light spectrum is calculated. Comparisons are made with a system of classical atoms who obey Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. We find the total scattering increases as the fermions become cooler but eventually tails off at very low temperatures (far below the Fermi temperature). At these low temperatures the fermionic degeneracy plays an important role in the scattering as it inhibits spontaneous emission into occupied energy levels below the Fermi surface. We demonstrate temperature dependent qualitative changes in the differential and total spectrum can be utilized to probe quantum degeneracy of trapped Fermi gas when the total number of atoms are sufficiently large $(\\geq 10^6)$. At smaller number of atoms, incoherent scattering dominates and it displays weak temperature dependence.

  4. Photonuclear Reactions induced by Intense Short Laser Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Dietz; H. A. Weidenmueller

    2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A measurement of the decay in time of nuclei excited by an intense short laser pulse of energy E(0) yields the Fourier transform of the autocorrelation function of the associated scattering matrix. We determine the optimal length (in time) of the pulse and evaluate the time-decay function using random-matrix theory. That function is shown to contain information not otherwise available. We approximate that function in a manner that is useful for the analysis of data. For E(0) below the threshold energy E(n) of the first neutron channel, the time-decay function is exponential in time t while it is the product of an exponential and a power in t for E(0) > E(n). The comparison of the measured decay functions in both energy domains yields an unambiguous and novel test of random-matrix theory in nuclei.

  5. Polarization operator approach to pair creation in short laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meuren, Sebastian; Keitel, Christoph H; Di Piazza, Antonino

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the nonlinear Breit-Wheeler process inside short laser pulses, i.e. the creation of an electron-positron pair induced by a gamma photon inside a plane-wave background field. To obtain the total pair-creation probability we verify (to leading-order) the cutting rule for the polarization operator in the realm of strong-field QED by an explicit calculation. Furthermore, a double-integral representation for the leading-order contribution to the field-dependent part of the polarization operator is derived. The combination of both results yields a compact expression for the total pair-creation probability inside an arbitrary plane-wave background field. It is shown numerically that with presently available technology pair-creation probabilities of the order of ten percent could be reached for a single gamma photon.

  6. Long vs. short-term energy storage:sensitivity analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenung, Susan M. (Longitude 122 West, Inc., Menlo Park, CA); Hassenzahl, William V. (,Advanced Energy Analysis, Piedmont, CA)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report extends earlier work to characterize long-duration and short-duration energy storage technologies, primarily on the basis of life-cycle cost, and to investigate sensitivities to various input assumptions. Another technology--asymmetric lead-carbon capacitors--has also been added. Energy storage technologies are examined for three application categories--bulk energy storage, distributed generation, and power quality--with significant variations in discharge time and storage capacity. Sensitivity analyses include cost of electricity and natural gas, and system life, which impacts replacement costs and capital carrying charges. Results are presented in terms of annual cost, $/kW-yr. A major variable affecting system cost is hours of storage available for discharge.

  7. Method of manufacturing a shapeable short-resistant capacitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Ralph S.; Myers, John D.; Baney, William J.

    2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A method that employs a novel combination of conventional fabrication techniques provides a ceramic short-resistant capacitor that is bendable and/or shapeable to provide a multiple layer capacitor that is extremely compact and amenable to desirable geometries. The method allows thinner and more flexible ceramic capacitors to be made. The method includes forming a first thin metal layer on a substrate; depositing a thin, ceramic dielectric layer over the metal layer; depositing a second thin metal layer over the dielectric layer to form a capacitor exhibiting a benign failure mode; and separating the capacitor from the substrate. The method may also include bending the resulting capacitor into a serpentine arrangement with gaps between the layers that allow venting of evaporated electrode material in the event of a benign failure.

  8. Four-boson system with short-range interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platter, L.; Hammer, H.-W.; Meissner, Ulf-G. [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen-und Kernphysik (Theorie), Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen-und Kernphysik (Theorie), Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn, Germany and Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-52425 Juelich (Germany)

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the nonrelativistic four-boson system with short-range forces and large scattering length in an effective quantum mechanics approach. We construct the effective interaction potential at leading order in the large scattering length and compute the four-body binding energies using the Yakubovsky equations. Cutoff independence of the four-body binding energies does not require the introduction of a four-body force. This suggests that two- and three-body interactions are sufficient to renormalize the four-body system. We apply the equations to {sup 4}He atoms and calculate the binding energy of the {sup 4}He tetramer. We observe a correlation between the trimer and tetramer binding energies similar to the Tjon line in nuclear physics. Over the range of binding energies relevant to {sup 4}He atoms, the correlation is approximately linear.

  9. Linking Short Gamma Ray Bursts and their Host Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James E. Rhoads

    2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The luminosities of short gamma ray burst host galaxies are anticorrelated with both the isotropic equivalent gamma ray energy and the gamma ray luminosity of the explosions. Observational selection effects only strengthen the significance of this correlation. The correlation may indicate that there are two physically distinct groups of SGRBs. If so, it requires that the more luminous class of explosions be associated with the younger class of progenitors. Alternatively, it could be due to a continuous distribution of burst and host properties. As one possible explanation, we find that the effect of binary neutron star masses on inspiral time and energy reservoir produces a correlation of the appropriate sign, but does not automatically reproduce the correlation slope or the full range of SGRB energy scales. Any future model of SGRB progenitors needs to reproduce this correlation.

  10. MINERAL PROCESSING BY SHORT CIRCUITS IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNally, Colin P. [Niels Bohr International Academy, Niels Bohr Institute, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Hubbard, Alexander; Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Ebel, Denton S. [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); D'Alessio, Paola, E-mail: cmcnally@nbi.dk, E-mail: ahubbard@amnh.org, E-mail: mordecai@amnh.org, E-mail: debel@amnh.org, E-mail: p.dalessio@crya.unam.mx [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 58089 Morelia, MICH (Mexico)

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Meteoritic chondrules were formed in the early solar system by brief heating of silicate dust to melting temperatures. Some highly refractory grains (Type B calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions, CAIs) also show signs of transient heating. A similar process may occur in other protoplanetary disks, as evidenced by observations of spectra characteristic of crystalline silicates. One possible environment for this process is the turbulent magnetohydrodynamic flow thought to drive accretion in these disks. Such flows generally form thin current sheets, which are sites of magnetic reconnection, and dissipate the magnetic fields amplified by a disk dynamo. We suggest that it is possible to heat precursor grains for chondrules and other high-temperature minerals in current sheets that have been concentrated by our recently described short-circuit instability. We extend our work on this process by including the effects of radiative cooling, taking into account the temperature dependence of the opacity; and by examining current sheet geometry in three-dimensional, global models of magnetorotational instability. We find that temperatures above 1600 K can be reached for favorable parameters that match the ideal global models. This mechanism could provide an efficient means of tapping the gravitational potential energy of the protoplanetary disk to heat grains strongly enough to form high-temperature minerals. The volume-filling nature of turbulent magnetic reconnection is compatible with constraints from chondrule-matrix complementarity, chondrule-chondrule complementarity, the occurrence of igneous rims, and compound chondrules. The same short-circuit mechanism may perform other high-temperature mineral processing in protoplanetary disks such as the production of crystalline silicates and CAIs.

  11. A short working distance multiple crystal x-ray spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickinson, B.; Seidler, G. T.; Webb, Z. W.; Bradley, J. A.; Nagle, K. P. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Heald, S. M. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratories, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Gordon, R. A. [Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6 (Canada); Chou, I. M. [U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia 20192 (United States)

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For x-ray spot sizes of a few tens of microns or smaller, a millimeter-sized flat analyzer crystal placed {approx}1 cm from the sample will exhibit high energy resolution while subtending a collection solid angle comparable to that of a typical spherically bent crystal analyzer (SBCA) at much larger working distances. Based on this observation and a nonfocusing geometry for the analyzer optic, we have constructed and tested a short working distance (SWD) multicrystal x-ray spectrometer. This prototype instrument has a maximum effective collection solid angle of 0.14 sr, comparable to that of 17 SBCA at 1 m working distance. We find good agreement with prior work for measurements of the Mn K{beta} x-ray emission and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering for MnO, and also for measurements of the x-ray absorption near-edge structure for Dy metal using L{alpha}{sub 2} partial-fluorescence yield detection. We discuss future applications at third- and fourth-generation light sources. For concentrated samples, the extremely large collection angle of SWD spectrometers will permit collection of high-resolution x-ray emission spectra with a single pulse of the Linac Coherent Light Source. The range of applications of SWD spectrometers and traditional multi-SBCA instruments has some overlap, but also is significantly complementary.

  12. Overview of LANL short-pulse ion acceleration activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flippo, Kirk A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schmitt, Mark J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Offermann, Dustin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cobble, James A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gautier, Donald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kline, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Workman, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Archuleta, Fred [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gonzales, Raymond [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hurry, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Johnson, Randall [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Letzring, Samuel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Montgomery, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reid, Sha-Marie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shimada, Tsutomu [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gaillard, Sandrine A [UNIV OF NEVADA; Sentoku, Yasuhiko [UNIV OF NEVADA; Bussman, Michael [FORSCHUNGZENTRUM DRESDEN; Kluge, Thomas [FORSCHUNGZENTRUM DRESDEN; Cowan, Thomas E [FORSCHUNGZENTRUM DRESDEN; Rassuchine, Jenny M [FORSCHUNGZENTRUM DRESDEN; Lowenstern, Mario E [UNIV OF MICHIGAN; Mucino, J Eduardo [UNIV OF MICHIGAN; Gall, Brady [UNIV OF MISSOURI; Korgan, Grant [NANOLABZ, RENO; Malekos, Steven [NANOLABZ, RENO; Adams, Jesse [NANOLABZ, RENO; Bartal, Teresa [UCSD; Chawla, Surgreev [UCSD; Higginson, Drew [UCSD; Beg, Farhat [UCSD; Nilson, Phil [LLE, ROCHESTER; MacPhee, Andrew [LLNL; Le Pape, Sebastien [LLNL; Hey, Daniel [LLNL; MacKinnon, Andy [LLNL; Geissel, Mattias [SNL; Schollmeier, Marius [SNL; Stephens, Rich [GENERAL ATOMICS, SAN DIEGO

    2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of Los Alamos National Laboratory's activities related to short-pulse ion acceleration is presented. LANL is involved is several projects related to Inertial Confinement Fusion (Fast Ignition) and Laser-Ion Acceleration. LANL has an active high energy X-ray backlighter program for radiographing ICF implosions and other High Energy Density Laboratory Physics experiments. Using the Trident 200TW laser we are currently developing high energy photon (>10 keV) phase contrast imaging techniques to be applied on Omega and the NIF. In addition we are engaged in multiple programs in laser ion acceleration to boost the ion energies and efficiencies for various potential applications including Fast Ignition, active material interrogation, and medical applications. Two basic avenues to increase ion performance are currently under study: one involves ultra-thin targets and the other involves changing the target geometry. We have recently had success in boosting proton energies above 65 MeV into the medical application range. Highlights covered in the presentation include: The Trident Laser System; X-ray Phase Contrast Imaging for ICF and HEDLP; Improving TNSA Ion Acceleration; Scaling Laws; Flat Targets; Thin Targets; Cone Targets; Ion Focusing;Trident; Omega EP; Scaling Comparisons; and, Conclusions.

  13. Short-term energy outlook, quarterly projections, first quarter 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1998 through the fourth quarter of 1999. Values for the fourth quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the first quarter 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 24 figs., 19 tabs.

  14. Short range spread-spectrum radiolocation system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen F. (Loudon, TN)

    2003-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A short range radiolocation system and associated methods that allow the location of an item, such as equipment, containers, pallets, vehicles, or personnel, within a defined area. A small, battery powered, self-contained tag is provided to an item to be located. The tag includes a spread-spectrum transmitter that transmits a spread-spectrum code and identification information. A plurality of receivers positioned about the area receive signals from a transmitting tag. The position of the tag, and hence the item, is located by triangulation. The system employs three different ranging techniques for providing coarse, intermediate, and fine spatial position resolution. Coarse positioning information is provided by use of direct-sequence code phase transmitted as a spread-spectrum signal. Intermediate positioning information is provided by the use of a difference signal transmitted with the direct-sequence spread-spectrum code. Fine positioning information is provided by use of carrier phase measurements. An algorithm is employed to combine the three data sets to provide accurate location measurements.

  15. Polarization operator approach to pair creation in short laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian Meuren; Karen Z. Hatsagortsyan; Christoph H. Keitel; Antonino Di Piazza

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-pulse effects are investigated for the nonlinear Breit-Wheeler process, i.e. the production of an electron-positron pair induced by a gamma photon inside an intense plane-wave laser pulse. To obtain the total pair-creation probability we verify (to leading-order) the cutting rule for the polarization operator in the realm of strong-field QED by an explicit calculation. Using a double-integral representation for the leading-order contribution to the polarization operator, compact expressions for the total pair-creation probability inside an arbitrary plane-wave background field are derived. Correspondingly, the photon wave function including leading-order radiative corrections in the laser field is obtained via the Schwinger-Dyson equation in the quasistatic approximation. Moreover, the influence of the carrier-envelope phase and of the laser pulse shape on the total pair-creation probability in a linearly polarized laser pulse is investigated, and the validity of the (local) constant-crossed field approximation analyzed. It is shown that with presently available technology pair-creation probabilities of the order of ten percent could be reached for a single gamma photon.

  16. Breit-Wheeler Process in Intense Short Laser Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Krajewska; J. Z. Kaminski

    2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy-angular distributions of electron-positron pair creation in collisions of a laser beam and a nonlaser photon are calculated using the $S$-matrix formalism. The laser field is modeled as a finite pulse, similar to the formulation introduced in our recent paper in the context of Compton scattering [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 85}, 062102 (2012)]. The nonperturbative regime of pair creation is considered here. The energy spectra of created particles are compared with the corresponding spectra obtained using the modulated plane wave approximation for the driving laser field. A very good agreement in these two cases is observed, provided that the laser pulse is sufficiently long. For short pulse durations, this agreement breaks down. The sensitivity of pair production to the polarization of a driving pulse is also investigated. We show that in the nonperturbative regime, the pair creation yields depend on the polarization of the pulse, reaching their maximal values for the linear polarization. Therefore, we focus on this case. Specifically, we analyze the dependence of pair creation on the relative configuration of linear polarizations of the laser pulse and the nonlaser photon. Lastly, we investigate the carrier-envelope phase effect on angular distributions of created particles, suggesting the possibility of phase control in relation to the pair creation processes.

  17. Fast parallel algorithms for short-range molecular dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plimpton, S.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a subset of atoms; the second assigns each a subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently -- those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 10,000,000 atoms on three parallel supercomputers, the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860, and Intel Delta. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and the Intel Delta performs about 30 times faster than a single Y-MP processor and 12 times faster than a single C90 processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.

  18. Short-range Ising spin glass: Multifractal properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nogueira, E. Jr. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1641, 59072-970 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1641, 59072-970 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil); Coutinho, S. [Laboratorio de Fisica Teorica e Computacional, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil)] [Laboratorio de Fisica Teorica e Computacional, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Nobre, F.D. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1641, 59072-970 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1641, 59072-970 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil); Curado, E.M. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Siguad 150, 222290-180 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)] [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Siguad 150, 222290-180 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); de Almeida, J.R. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multifractal properties of the Edwards-Anderson order parameter of the short-range Ising spin-glass model on d=3 diamond hierarchical lattices are studied via an exact recursion procedure. The profiles of the local order parameter are calculated and analyzed within a range of temperatures close to the critical point with four symmetric distributions of the coupling constants (Gaussian, bimodal, uniform, and exponential). Unlike the pure case, the multifractal analysis of these profiles reveals that a large spectrum of the {alpha} H{umlt o}lder exponent is required to describe the singularities of the measure defined by the normalized local order parameter, at and below the critical point. Minor changes in these spectra are observed for distinct initial distributions of coupling constants, suggesting a {ital universal} spectra behavior. For temperatures slightly above T{sub c}, a dramatic change in the F({alpha}) function is found, signaling the transition. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  19. High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Messerly, M J

    2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

  20. West Short Pine Hills field, Harding County, South Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strothman, B.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The West Short Pine Hills field is a shallow gas field that produces from the Shannon Sandstone Member, on the Camp Crook anticline in southwestern Harding County, South Dakota. The Alma McCutchin 1-17 Heikkila discovery was drilled in the NW1/4, Sec. 17, T16N, R2E, to a depth of 1600 ft and completed in October 1977 for 600 MCFGD from perforations at 1405-1411 ft. To date, 40 gas wells have been completed with total estimated reserves of more than 20 bcf. The field encompasses 12,000 ac, with a current drill-site spacing unit of 160 ac. The field boundaries are fairly well defined, except on the south edge of the field. The wells range in depth from 1250 to 2200 ft, and cost $60,000-$85,000 to drill and complete. Core and log analyses indicate that the field has 70 ft of net pay, with average porosity of 30% and average permeability of 114 md. Most wells have been completed with nitrogen-sand frac. Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company of Bismarck, North Dakota, operates a compressor station and 2.5 mi of 4-in. line that connects the field to their 160 in. north-south transmission line to the Rapid City area. Currently, producers are netting $1.10-$1.25/million Btu. The late Mathew T. Biggs of Casper, Wyoming, was the geologist responsible for mapping and finding this gas deposit.

  1. Short pulse laser train for laser plasma interaction experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, J. L.; Shimada, T.; Johnson, R. P.; Montgomery, D. S.; Hegelich, B. M.; Esquibel, D. M.; Flippo, K. A.; Gonzales, R. P.; Hurry, T. R.; Reid, S. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiframe, high-time resolution pump-probe diagnostic consisting of a consecutive train of ultrashort laser pulses ({approx}ps) has been developed for use with a chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system. A system of high quality windows is used to create a series of 1054 nm picosecond-laser pulses which are injected into the CPA system before the pulse stretcher and amplifiers. By adding or removing windows in the pulse train forming optics, the number of pulses can be varied. By varying the distance and thickness of the respective optical elements, the time in between the pulses, i.e., the time in between frames, can be set. In our example application, the CPA pulse train is converted to 527 nm using a KDP crystal and focused into a preformed plasma and the reflected laser light due to stimulated Raman scattering is measured. Each pulse samples different plasma conditions as the plasma evolves in time, producing more data on each laser shot than with a single short pulse probe. This novel technique could potentially be implemented to obtain multiple high-time resolution measurements of the dynamics of physical processes over hundreds of picoseconds or even nanoseconds with picosecond resolution on a single shot.

  2. The EMC Effect and Short-Range Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misak M Sargsian

    2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We overview the progress made in studies of EMC and short range correlation (SRC) effects with the special emphasis given to the recent observation of the correlation between the slope of the EMC ratio at Bjorken x1 that measures the strength of the SRCs in nuclei. This correlation may indicate the larger modification of nucleons with higher momentum thus making the nucleon virtuality as the most relevant parameter of medium modifications. To check this conjecture we study the implication of several properties of high momentum component of the nuclear wave function on the characteristics of EMC effect. We observe two main reasons for the EMC-SRC correlation: first, the decrease of the contribution from the nuclear mean field due to the increase, with A, the fraction of the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Second, the increase of the medium modification of nucleons in SRC. Our main prediction however is the increase of the proton contribution to the EMC effect for large A asymmetric nuclei. This prediction is based on the recent observation of the strong dominance of pn SRCs in the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Our preliminary calculation based on this prediction of the excess of energetic and modified protons in large A nuclei describes reasonably well the main features of the observed EMC-SRC correlation.

  3. The EMC Effect and Short-Range Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargsian, Misak M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We overview the progress made in studies of EMC and short range correlation (SRC) effects with the special emphasis given to the recent observation of the correlation between the slope of the EMC ratio at Bjorken x1 that measures the strength of the SRCs in nuclei. This correlation may indicate the larger modification of nucleons with higher momentum thus making the nucleon virtuality as the most relevant parameter of medium modifications. To check this conjecture we study the implication of several properties of high momentum component of the nuclear wave function on the characteristics of EMC effect. We observe two main reasons for the EMC-SRC correlation: first, the decrease of the contribution from the nuclear mean field due to the increase, with A, the fraction of the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Second, the increase of the medium modification of nucleons in SRC. Our main prediction however is the increase of the proton contribution to the EMC effect for large A asymmetric nuclei. Th...

  4. EMC effect, short-range nuclear correlations, neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Strikman

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent x>1 (e,e') and correlation experiments at momentum transfer Q^2 \\ge 2 GeV^2 confirm presence of short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei mostly build of nucleons. Recently we evaluated in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution to the nuclear structure. Taking into account this effect and using definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) results in the significant reduction of R_A(x,Q^2)=F_{2A}(x,Q^2)/F_{2N}(x,Q^2) ratio which explains \\sim 50% of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.55 where Fermi motion effects are small. The remaining part of the EMC effect at $x\\ge 0.5$ is consistent with dominance of the contribution of SRCs. Implications for extraction of the F_{2n}/F_{2p} ratio are discussed. Smallness of the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei matches well the recent observation of a two-solar mass neutron star, and while large pn SRCs lead to enhancement of the neutron star cooling rate for kT\\le 0.01 MeV.

  5. EMC effect, short-range nuclear correlations, neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strikman, Mark

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent x> 1 (e,e') and correlation experiments at momentum transfer Q^2 \\ge 2 GeV^2 confirm presence of short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei mostly build of nucleons. Recently we evaluated in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution to the nuclear structure. Taking into account this effect as using definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) results in the significant reduction of R_A(x,Q^2)=F_{2A}(x,Q^2)/F_{2N}(x,Q^2) ratio which explains the bulk of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.55 where Fermi motion effects are small. The remaining part of the EMC effect at x\\ge 0.5 is consistent with dominance of the contribution of SRCs. Implications for extraction of the $F_{2n}/F_{2p}$ ratio are discussed. Dominance of the nucleonic degrees of freedom even for high local densities is consistent with the observation of neutron star of a double Solar mass. Smallness of the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei matches well the recent observation of...

  6. Are Short and Long Gamma Ray Bursts Really of Different Origin?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst Karl Kunst

    2000-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that short and long gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are of the same origin and, furthermore, correlated with their duration.

  7. Comment on "Measurement of 2- and 3-Nucleon Short-Range Correlation Probabilities in Nuclei"

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Higinbotham, Douglas W. [Jefferson Lab, Newport News; Hen, Or [Tel Aviv University

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comment on 'Measurement of 2- and 3-nucleon short range correlation probabilities in nuclei' shows how the reported three-nucleon plateau was likely due to resolution effects.

  8. Evidence for Two Distinct Morphological Classes of Gamma-Ray Bursts from their Short Timescale Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Q. Lamb; C. Graziani; I. A. Smith

    1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have analyzed the 241 bursts for which peak counts $\\C$ exist in the publicly available Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) catalog. Introducing peak counts in 1024 ms as a measure of burst brightness $\\B$ and the ratio of peak counts in 64 and 1024 ms as a measure of short timescale variability $\\V$, we find a statistically significant correlation between the brightness and the short timescale variability of \\g-ray bursts. The bursts which are smoother on short timescales are both faint and bright, while the bursts which are variable on short timescales are faint only, suggesting the existence of two distinct morphological classes of bursts.

  9. Summary. Mature nests of the Neotropical myrmicine ant Blepharidatta conops are short blind vertical cylinders, in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    Summary. Mature nests of the Neotropical myrmicine ant Blepharidatta conops are short blind of intranidal phragmosis in ants. The ergatoid queen of Blepharidatta conops (Formicidae, Myrmicinae) blocks

  10. Modeling Poplar Growth as a Short Rotation Woody Crop for Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Quinn James

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Short Rotation Woody Crop for Biofuels Q. J. Hart 1,? , O.for cellulosic derived biofuels. The ability to accuratelycrops for bioenergy and biofuels applications. In vitro

  11. De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads: Does the Read Length Matter? (2009 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Pezner, Pavel A

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Pavel Pevzner of UC San Diego spoke about "De Novo Sequencing with Short Reads" on March 26, 2009 during the 4th Annual User Meeting

  12. Short Circuit Current Contribution for Different Wind Turbine Generator Types: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.; Samaan, N.; Li, J.; Pasupulati, S.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents simulation results for short-circuit current contribution for different types of WTGs obtained through transient analysis using generic WTG models.

  13. SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

    2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NOX control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two FirstEnergy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

  14. SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

    2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NO{sub x} control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two First Energy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

  15. Generation of hydrogen peroxide in a shorted fuel cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, S.P.; McIntyre, J.A. [Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen peroxide is a {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} chemical with a well-assured future. As such, significant growth in demand is predicted for this material. To meet this growth, new technologies of manufacture are being contemplated to compete with the established Anthraquinone process. Some of these new methods seek the niche market of on-site generation of hydrogen peroxide. One good example of this is Dow`s caustic/peroxide generation scheme for the bleaching of paper pulp. Others rely on externally-supplied electrical power in an electrochemical reactor scheme, where peroxide may be generated additionally in neutral or acidic solution. It has long been realized that the chemical potential of the reactants themselves can be used in a controlled manner in an electrolytic cell. This is the basis of fuel cells (to generate electrical power) and has been extended to the synthesis of useful chemical species, either using solid polymer electrolytes or active oxygen transporting membranes. Use has also been made of the inherent chemical potential in H{sub 2}/O{sub 2} reactions to produce hydrogen peroxide. This reactor utilized a liquid phase cathode with dissolved air or oxygen to produce small concentrations of peroxide in a fixed volume. In fact, most schemes for the direct, electrochemical production of peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen yield low, millimolar peroxide concentrations. This paper describes the development of a scalable, segmented-flow, shorted fuel cell for the generation of greater than 1 w/o hydrogen peroxide. Three areas are of major importance in the development of a continuous, peroxide-forming reactor: the reactor design, catalyst choice and application, and the operating parameters for the reactor. The cathode catalyst is probably the single most important part. Operating parameters include such basics as temperature, pressure, gas flow rate, and liquid flow rate. Each of these topics will be discussed.

  16. COMPACT BINARY PROGENITORS OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giacomazzo, Bruno [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rezzolla, Luciano [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Potsdam D-14476 (Germany); Troja, Eleonora [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lazzati, Davide [Department of Physics, NC State University, 2401 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States)

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, detailed observations and accurate numerical simulations have provided support to the idea that mergers of compact binaries containing either two neutron stars (NSs) or an NS and a black hole (BH) may constitute the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The merger of such compact binaries is expected to lead to the production of a spinning BH surrounded by an accreting torus. Several mechanisms can extract energy from this system and power the SGRBs. Here we connect observations and numerical simulations of compact binary mergers, and use the current sample of SGRBs with measured energies to constrain the mass of their powering tori. By comparing the masses of the tori with the results of fully general-relativistic simulations, we are able to infer the properties of the binary progenitors that yield SGRBs. By assuming a constant efficiency in converting torus mass into jet energy, {epsilon}{sub jet} = 10%, we find that most of the tori have masses smaller than 0.01 M{sub Sun }, favoring 'high-mass' binary NSs mergers, i.e., binaries with total masses {approx}> 1.5 the maximum mass of an isolated NS. This has important consequences for the gravitational wave signals that may be detected in association with SGRBs, since 'high-mass' systems do not form a long-lived hypermassive NS after the merger. While NS-BH systems cannot be excluded to be the engine of at least some of the SGRBs, the BH would need to have an initial spin of {approx}0.9 or higher.

  17. SLIM, Short-pulse Technology for High Gradient Induction Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arntz, Floyd; /Diversified Tech., Bedford; Kardo-Sysoev, A.; /Ioffe Phys. Tech. Inst.; Krasnykh, A.; /SLAC

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel short-pulse concept (SLIM) suited to a new generation of a high gradient induction particle accelerators is described herein. It applies advanced solid state semiconductor technology and modern microfabrication techniques to a coreless induction method of charged particle acceleration first proven on a macro scale in the 1960's. Because this approach avoids use of magnetic materials there is the prospect of such an accelerator working efficiently with accelerating pulses in the nanosecond range and, potentially, at megahertz pulse rates. The principal accelerator section is envisioned as a stack of coreless induction cells, the only active element within each being a single, extremely fast (subnanosecond) solid state opening switch: a Drift Step Recovery Diode (DSRD). Each coreless induction cell incorporates an electromagnetic pulse compressor in which inductive energy developed within a transmission-line feed structure over a period of tens of nanoseconds is diverted to the acceleration of the passing charge packet for a few nanoseconds by the abrupt opening of the DSRD switch. The duration of this accelerating output pulse--typically two-to-four nanoseconds--is precisely determined by a microfabricated pulse forming line connected to the cell. Because the accelerating pulse is only nanoseconds in duration, longitudinal accelerating gradients approaching 100 MeV per meter are believed to be achievable without inciting breakdown. Further benefits of this approach are that, (1) only a low voltage power supply is required to produce the high accelerating gradient, and, (2) since the DSRD switch is normally closed, voltage stress is limited to a few nanoseconds per period, hence the susceptibility to hostile environment conditions such as ionizing radiation, mismatch (e.g. in medical applications the peak beam current may be low), strong electromagnetic noise levels, etc is expected to be minimal. Finally, we observe the SLIM concept is not limited to linac applications; for instance, it could be employed to both accelerate the beam and to stabilize the superbunch mode of operation in circular track machines.

  18. High-power parametric conversion from near-infrared to short-wave infrared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalang, Robert C.

    High-power parametric conversion from near-infrared to short-wave infrared Adrien Billat,1,* Steevy.billat@epfl.ch Abstract: We report the design of an all-fiber continuous wave Short-Wave Infrared source capable to output.4370) Nonlinear optics, fibers; (140.3070) Infrared and far-infrared lasers. References and links 1. M. N

  19. Short term thermal energy storage Institut fr Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, FRG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    477 Short term thermal energy storage A. Abhat Institut für Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme the problem of short term thermal energy storage for low temperature solar heating applications. The techniques of sensible and latent heat storage are discussed, with particular emphasis on the latter

  20. Premium Ventilation Package Testing Short-Term Monitoring Report Task 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Premium Ventilation Package Testing Short-Term Monitoring Report ­ Task 7 Review Draft Submittal. 00038702 RTU AirCarePlus & Premium Ventilation Program COTR - Jack Callahan (503) 230-4496 / jmcallahan Ventilation Package Testing PECI Short-Term Monitoring Report ­ Task 7 REVIEW DRAFT: 9/14/2009 2 Table

  1. MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS A. A. Abdo,1 localizations of short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Swift and HETE satellites have led: bursts -- gamma rays: observations Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have long been classified by their durations

  2. Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    OG 2.3.07 Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope Gus for short duration bursts of TeV photons. Such bursts may result from "traditional" gamma-ray bursts to gamma-ray bursts, the final stages of black hole evaporation) the most compelling reason may

  3. Gravitational Waves versus X and Gamma Ray Emission in a Short Gamma-Ray Burst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. G. Oliveira; Jorge A. Rueda; Remo Ruffini

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent progress in the understanding the physical nature of neutron star equilibrium configurations and the first observational evidence of a genuinely short gamma-ray burst, GRB 090227B, allows to give an estimate of the gravitational waves versus the X and Gamma-ray emission in a short gamma-ray burst.

  4. Title of Document: INTERACTION OF INTENSE SHORT LASER PULSES WITH GASES OF NANOSCALE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    ABSTRACT Title of Document: INTERACTION OF INTENSE SHORT LASER PULSES WITH GASES OF NANOSCALE-cluster interaction. #12;INTERACTION OF INTENSE SHORT LASER PULSES WITH GASES OF NANOSCALE ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR., Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering We study the interaction of intense laser pulses with gases

  5. Author's personal copy Phase locking of short-pulse Q-switched lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Author's personal copy Phase locking of short-pulse Q-switched lasers Fanting Kong a , Liping Liu]. In short-pulse lasers, however, the conditions for phase locking differ from those of the continuous t The effects of frequency mismatch on phase locking of two passively Q-switched lasers have been stud- ied

  6. Extremely short relativistic-electron-bunch generation in the laser wakefield via novel bunch injection scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Extremely short relativistic-electron-bunch generation in the laser wakefield via novel bunch accelerator (LWFA) a short in- tense laser pulse, with a duration on the order of a plasma wave period July 2004; published 6 December 2004) Recently a new electron-bunch injection scheme for the laser

  7. Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yishan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    for the new structure to maintain system reliability. Power system reliability is comprised of two basic components, adequacy and security. In terms of the time frame, power system reliability can mean short-term reliability or long-term reliability. Short...

  8. Personality variables and reaction to stress in long vs. short sleepers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Angela Harman

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Sleep Group (8) Control 5. 4735 (1) Short 6. 4167 Means LZZ Stress 6. 7302 (2) Medium 5. 9603 (3) Long 5. 9286 (A) (1) Control (2) Stress (8) ~iShort 5. 5000 7. 3333 (2) Medio ~hto 5. 7778 5. 1429 6. 1429 6. 7143 28 Table 16 T...

  9. Noise Driven Short-Time Phase Spectrum Compensation Procedure for Speech Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noise Driven Short-Time Phase Spectrum Compensation Procedure for Speech Enhancement Anthony P.lyons, k.paliwal}@griffith.edu.au Abstract Typical speech enhancement algorithms operate on the short- time approach to speech enhancement has been proposed where the noisy mag- nitude spectrum is recombined

  10. ADAPTIVE SHORT-TIME ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS FOR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Prabahan Basu, Patrick J. Wolfe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ADAPTIVE SHORT-TIME ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS FOR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Prabahan Basu, Patrick J. Wolfe a multiresolution short-time analysis method for speech enhancement. It is well known that fixed reso- lution-synthesis scheme for speech enhance- ment in which the adaptation is based on a measure of local time- frequency

  11. Speech enhancement using a minimum mean-square error short-time spectral modulation magnitude estimator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speech enhancement using a minimum mean-square error short-time spectral modulation magnitude In this paper we investigate the enhancement of speech by applying MMSE short-time spectral magnitude estimation on the quality of enhanced speech, and find that this method works better with speech uncertainty. Finally we

  12. SCIPP 05/09 Operation of Short-Strip Silicon Detectors based on p-type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    SCIPP 05/09 Operation of Short-Strip Silicon Detectors based on p-type Wafers in the ATLAS Upgrade effects in p-type detectors, the expected performance of planned short silicon strip detectors (SSSD), detector thickness (200, 300 µm) for both Float Zone (FZ) and Magnetic Czochralski silicon p-type detectors

  13. VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola Department of Physics ra- diation. This article examines at the variability of beam and global solar radiation over short solar radiation values with ground-based data. 1. INTRODUCTION It is difficult to evaluate solar

  14. Eigenvalue bounds in one dimensional Schrodinger's equation with ultra-short potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Gonzalez

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of a particle localized in a ultra-short potential in one dimension is considered. By proposing a general solution to Schrodinger;s equation we show that the energy spectra and the probability of the particle have definite bounds for an arbitrary ultra-short potential. These results are relevant for the confinement of particles in nanodevices.

  15. Connection between elastic moduli and thermal conductivities of anisotropic short fiber reinforced thermoplastics: theory and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Polymer matrix composites; Short-fiber composite; ElasticConnection between elastic moduli and thermal conductivities of anisotropic short fiber reinforced form 29 May 2003 Abstract Cross-property connections for two phase composites derived recently

  16. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Short-Term Synaptic Depression Causes a Non-Monotonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parga, Néstor

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Short-Term Synaptic Depression Causes a Non-Monotonic Response to the postsynaptic cell because a large fraction of the spikes fail to elicit a synaptic response. In addition, short of incoming spikes as these are first converted into synaptic current and afterward into the cell response

  17. Short-Time Transient Analysis of Intercalation of an Ion into a Sphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short-Time Transient Analysis of Intercalation of an Ion into a Sphere Sheba Devan* and Ralph E Engineering Center, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA A short-time transient. These parameters are exchange current density, double-layer capacitance, and diffusion coefficient. The effects

  18. Short-circuiting of the overturning circulation in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    LETTERS Short-circuiting of the overturning circulation in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current flows over complex ocean-floor topography, giving rise to a short circuit of the overturning circulation. Mixing processes in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current are key to this circulation, because they con- trol

  19. Short-Term Generation Asset Valuation Chung-Li Tseng, Graydon Barz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short-Term Generation Asset Valuation Chung-Li Tseng, Graydon Barz Department of Civil Engineering 94305, USA chungli@eng.umd.edu, gbarz@leland.stanford.edu Abstract In this paper we present a method for valuing a power plant over a short-term period using Monte Carlo sim- ulation. The power plant valuation

  20. A Smart Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Short-Circuit Faults in a Photovoltaic Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Smart Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Short-Circuit Faults in a Photovoltaic Generator Wail Rezgui observations distributed over classes is used for simulation purposes. Keywords--Photovoltaic generator, SVM, k-NN, short-circuit fault, smart classification, linear programming. NOMENCLATURE PV = Photovoltaic; SVM

  1. Short communication On the use of the Radon Transform in studying nearshore wave dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    shallow water domain, the celerity of short waves is a key kinematic variable to describe energy fluxesShort communication On the use of the Radon Transform in studying nearshore wave dynamics Rafael 23 June 2014 Available online xxxx Keywords: Surf zone Wave transformation Wave propagation

  2. Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate Ethan Schonbrun,* Winnie N. Ye demonstrate a form of scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate and a low-NA relay. In this scheme, parallel scanning microscopy using a Fresnel zone-plate array would require only a single spatial

  3. (pulsed laser deposition, PLD) (ultra-short pulsed laser deposition, uPLD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (ultra-short pulsed laser deposition, uPLD) PLD (Yttrium barium copper oxide , YBa2Cu3O7-, YBCO) YBCO-2-1 YBCO http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ybco002.svg #12;3 1-3 (ultra-short pulsed laser #12;i #12;ii #12;iii #12;iv (pulsed laser deposition, PLD) PLD

  4. Short pulse and high repetition rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of high energy and ultra-short laser pulses. Many research efforts have been devoted to the generation-doped crystals. Within oscillators, ultra-short pulses (down to 47 fs with Yb:CALGO [1]) or high average powers and compact laser configurations. From this point of view, due to their favorable spectroscopic and thermal

  5. THz generation by ultra-short laser pulses propagating in nonuniform plasma channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    THz generation by ultra-short laser pulses propagating in nonuniform plasma channels T. Antonsen Jr Conventional sources using short pulse lasers rely on pulse generation in a solid and are generally limited in excess of 100 µJ/pulse have been generated as transition radiation by a laser generated and accelerated

  6. Audio, Video and Audio-Visual Signatures for Short Video Clip Detection: Experiments on Trecvid2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Audio, Video and Audio-Visual Signatures for Short Video Clip Detection: Experiments on Trecvid2003.Senechal,Denis.Pellerin}@lis.inpg.fr, Laurent.Besacier@imag.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we present the association of audio and video signatures for short video clip detection. First, we present an audio signature based on the spectral flatness measure

  7. Attenuated short wavelength buckling and force propagation in a biopolymer-reinforced rod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Wanliang

    rigidity k and the elastic energy in the medium due to lateral deections of the rod results in a bucklingAttenuated short wavelength buckling and force propagation in a biopolymer-reinforced rod W. L investigate short wavelength buckling of a thin elastic rod embedded in an elastic gelatin biopolymer network

  8. Exploration of Short Reads Genome Mapping in Hardware Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    Exploration of Short Reads Genome Mapping in Hardware Edward Fernandez, Walid Najjar Department, such as Illumina/Solexa Genome Analyzer and ABI SOLiD, can generate hundreds of millions of short DNA "reads" from a single run. These reads must be matched against a reference genome to identify their original location

  9. The role of short-rotation woody crops in sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepard, J.P. [National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Medford, MA (United States); Tolbert, V.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    One answer to increase wood production is by increasing management intensity on existing timberland, especially in plantation forests. Another is to convert land currently in agriculture to timberland. Short-rotation woody crops can be used in both cases. But, what are the environmental consequences? Short-rotation woody crops can provide a net improvement in environmental quality at both local and global scales. Conversion of agricultural land to short-rotation woody crops can provide the most environmental quality enhancement by reducing erosion, improving soil quality, decreasing runoff, improving groundwater quality, and providing better wildlife habitat. Forest products companies can use increased production from intensively managed short-rotation woody crop systems to offset decreased yield from the portion of their timberland that is managed less intensively, e.g. streamside management zones and other ecologically sensitive or unique areas. At the global scale, use of short-rotation woody crops for bioenergy is part of the solution to reduce greenhouse gases produced by burning fossil fuels. Incorporating short-rotation woody crops into the agricultural landscape also increases storage of carbon in the soil, thus reducing atmospheric concentrations. In addition, use of wood instead of alternatives such as steel, concrete, and plastics generally consumes less energy and produces less greenhouse gases. Cooperative research can be used to achieve energy, fiber, and environmental goals. This paper will highlight several examples of ongoing cooperative research projects that seek to enhance the environmental aspects of short-rotation woody crop systems. Government, industry, and academia are conducting research to study soil quality, use of mill residuals, nutrients in runoff and groundwater, and wildlife use of short-rotation woody crop systems in order to assure the role of short-rotation crops as a sustainable way of meeting society`s needs.

  10. Two-Phase Flow of Two HFC Refrigerant Mixtures Through Short Tube Orifices, Draft Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, W. V.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to commercially available short tubes in residential air conditioners or heat pumps. Figure 2.2 shows the schematic of the orifice test section for routine performance tests. The short tube was made from brass which was bored and reamed to insure a smooth...) measurements of the effects of oil concentration on performance. Conditions were chosen to cover a wide range of operating conditions for a short tube expansion device found in a typical residential heat pump or air-conditioner. The experimental variables...

  11. THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 2. A Short History of Carsharing in the 90's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 2. A Short History of Carsharing in the 90's Susan 1999 18 #12;THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE thought of as organized short-term car

  12. Pounds That Kill: The External Costs of Vehicle MICHAEL L. ANDERSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian

    ), likely in response to rising gasoline prices and the passage of the Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency (CAFE) standard. As gasoline prices fell in the late-1980s, however, average vehicle weight began of research examines the effects of CAFE and gasoline prices on consumers' vehicle choices (Portney, Parry

  13. SpaceX 2 Cargo Manifest TOTAL CARGO: 575 kilograms / 1268 pounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    supplies Lego MSG gloves #12;12 PIG SCK SPHERES VCAM EXPRESS Rack Stowage Lockers Surplus +4C Ice Supply Pack o Top. & Inj. Medications Pack o Oral Meds Pack ECLSS o H2 Sensor ORU o ACY Urine Filter

  14. KCP installs steel cable mesh that can stop a 20 pound item traveling...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    by January 2013. Nearly half the size of our existing facility, the new, state-of-the-art green facility will reduce annual operating costs by 100 million and cut energy...

  15. Magneto-optical conductivity in graphene including electron-phonon coupling Adam Pound1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlers, Guenter

    8S 4M1 3 The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1Z8 and 4 of spectral weight in each Landau level (LL) into phonon-assisted peaks in the spectral function. Other new, upright cone forming the conduction band and the lower, inverted cone forming the valence band

  16. DOE Employees, Contractors Donate More than 15,500 Pounds of Food |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesvilleAbout »Department of Energy1904-AC19 |Special NeedsDepartment

  17. Portsmouth/Paducah Employees, Contractors Donate 17,500 Pounds of Food |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T enAmount forDecontamination andBoard

  18. Road to Fuel Savings: Ford, Magna Partnership Help Vehicles Shed the Pounds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResources Resources About1 SignG.5Hanford| Department of

  19. Idaho Crews Overcome Challenges to Safely Dispose 1-Million-Pound Hot Cell

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe RankingReform at the Department of Energy

  20. Idaho Crews Overcome Challenges to Safely Dispose 1-Million-Pound Hot Cell

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe RankingReform at the Department of Energy| Department of

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: 39,000 Pounds of Ceiling Tiles Recycled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitche Home About npitcheSandian Wins13,051 lbs of Carpet Sent39,000

  2. Idaho Crews Overcome Challenges to Safely Dispose 1-Million-Pound Hot Cell

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12Approved on 24 JulyE, EXEMPTION| Department of Energy

  3. Impact of acquisitions on short-run returns and leverage: two studies in corporate finance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao, Qizhi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of two empirical studies in corporate finance. The first study, The Impact of Acquisitions on the Short-Run Returns to Shareholders and Bondholders, investigates shareholder and bondholder ...

  4. Increasing intermodal transportation in Europe through realizing the value of short sea shipping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tenekecioglu, Goksel

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the role of short sea shipping within the transportation network in the European Union. It examines the existence of externalities relating to congestion, infrastructure, air pollution, noise, and ...

  5. Ion heating and short wavelength fluctuations in a helicon plasma source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scime, E. E.; Carr, J. Jr.; Galante, M.; Magee, R. M. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Hardin, R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For typical helicon source parameters, the driving antenna can couple to two plasma modes; the weakly damped 'helicon' wave, and the strongly damped, short wavelength, slow wave. Here, we present direct measurements, obtained with two different techniques, of few hundred kHz, short wavelength fluctuations that are parametrically driven by the primary antenna and localized to the edge of the plasma. The short wavelength fluctuations appear for plasma source parameters such that the driving frequency is approximately equal to the lower hybrid frequency. Measurements of the steady-state ion temperature and fluctuation amplitude radial profiles suggest that the anomalously high ion temperatures observed at the edge of helicon sources result from damping of the short wavelength fluctuations. Additional measurements of the time evolution of the ion temperature and fluctuation profiles in pulsed helicon source plasmas support the same conclusion.

  6. EXPLORING SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AS GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE STANDARD SIRENS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Scott A

    Recent observations support the hypothesis that a large fraction of "short-hard" gamma-ray bursts (SHBs) are associated with the inspiral and merger of compact binaries. Since gravitational-wave (GW) measurements of ...

  7. Short Gamma Ray Bursts as possible electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Capozziello; M. De Laurentis; I. De Martino; M. Formisano

    2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Coalescing binary systems, consisting of two collapsed objects, are among the most promising sources of high frequency gravitational waves signals detectable, in principle, by ground-based interferometers. Binary systems of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers should also give rise to short Gamma Ray Bursts, a subclass of Gamma Ray Bursts. Short-hard-Gamma Ray Bursts might thus provide a powerful way to infer the merger rate of two-collapsed object binaries. Under the hypothesis that most short Gamma Ray Bursts originate from binaries of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers, we outline here the possibility to associate short Gamma Ray Bursts as electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems.

  8. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology xxx (2006) xxxxxx Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xing-Wang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Short communication #12;2 C. Yi et al. / The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology xxx (2006) xxx­xxx ity

  9. Short Communication Automated computation of functional vascular density using laser speckle imaging in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Steven C.

    Short Communication Automated computation of functional vascular density using laser speckle Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA c Edwards: Laser speckle imaging Functional vascular density Dorsal window chamber Blood flow We report

  10. Asymptotic description of radially localized short wavelength eigenmodes in a tokamak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asymptotic description of radially localized short wavelength eigenmodes in a tokamak G. V-driven instabilities in a tokamak. It is shown that eigenmodes of the ballooning type are generated by toroidally

  11. Short communication Performance of microbial fuel cells with and without Nafion solution as cathode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short communication Performance of microbial fuel cells with and without Nafion solution as cathode online 31 March 2010 Keywords: Microbial fuel cell (MFC) Nafion Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) Internal resistance Electricity production The performance of tubular microbial fuel cells (MFC

  12. Short-run interfuel substitution in West European power generation : a restriced cost function approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Söderholm, Patrik

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes short-run interfuel substitution between fossil fuels in West European power generation. The problem is studied within a restricted translog cost model, which is estimated by pooling time-series data ...

  13. An Exploration of Participant Motives and Motivational Tensions in Short-Term Medical Service Trips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sykes, Kevin James

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-term medical service trips (MSTs) are an increasingly popular, although not new, way for healthcare providers from high-income countries (HICs) to provide healthcare in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In ...

  14. SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    SHORT-TERM FORECASTING OF SOLAR RADIATION BASED ON SATELLITE DATA WITH STATISTICAL METHODS Annette governing the insolation, forecasting of solar radiation makes the description of development of the cloud

  15. Genealogy Reconstruction From Short Tandem Repeat Genotypes in an Amazonian Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Kenneth

    Genealogy Reconstruction From Short Tandem Repeat Genotypes in an Amazonian Population FRANCESC-8005 KEY WORDS microsatellites; Surui; parentage ABSTRACT We have reconstructed partial genealogies or half sibs. The genealogies inferred show that instances of polygyny and polyandry (or, alternatively

  16. ARM: Short Wave Flux Analysis: 15-min resolution on SIRS data, Long algorithm

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Stoffel, Tom; Kay, Bev; Habte, Aron; Anderberg, Mary; Kutchenreiter, Mark

    Short Wave Flux Analysis: 15-min resolution on SIRS data, Long algorithm. Measurements began in January, 1994, and have continued to the present time. Data collected are from the Southern Great Plains (SGP) location.

  17. Evaluation of microstructure and properties deterioration in short fiber reinforced thermoplastics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    characterization of damage accumulation during hydrothermal aging of polymer matrix composites is addressed reserved. Keywords: Short fiber reinforced composites; Elasticity; Conductivity; Effective properties; Cross-property 1. Introduction Hydrothermal aging of polymer matrix composites has attracted attention

  18. Evaluation of forecasting techniques for short-term demand of air transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickham, Richard Robert

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forecasting is arguably the most critical component of airline management. Essentially, airlines forecast demand to plan the supply of services to respond to that demand. Forecasts of short-term demand facilitate tactical ...

  19. Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Stamatakis, Alexis [Technical University of Munich

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Alexis Stamatakis of the Technical University of Munich gives a presentation on "Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.

  20. Long-time protein folding dynamics from short-time molecular dynamics simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chodera, J D; Swope, W C; Pitera, J W; Dill, Ken A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the simulation of protein folding by short time scaleand W. A. Eaton, The protein folding “speed limit,” Curr.and T. Head-Gordon, Protein folding by distributed computing

  1. GINGER simulations of short-pulse effects in the LEUTL FEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Z.; Fawley, W.M.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Þ in a high-gain FEL. GINGER does not presently modelcontribution in the LEUTL FEL. However, for a true GaussianSHORT-PULSE EFFECTS IN THE LEUTL FEL £ Z. Huang Ý , Advanced

  2. Quantum Cattaneo wave equation for ultra-short laser pulses interaction with electron and nucleon gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marciak-Kozlowska, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the quantum Cattaneo wave equation for ultra-short laser pulses interaction with medium is obtained . The explicit formulae for electron and nucleon gases are presented

  3. EMIRGE: Reconstruction of full length ribosomal genes from microbial community short read sequencing data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Christopher S; Baker, Brett J; Thomas, Brian C; Singer, Steven W; Banfield, Jillian F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    used the short read mapper bowtie [19] in paired-end mode.For initiation, bowtie reported a single best alignment,For subsequent iterations, bowtie used the same parameters,

  4. Short-term Migration, Rural Workfare Programs and Urban Labor Markets: Evidence from India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    , a simple calibration exercise reveals that small changes in short-term migration can have large impacts of migration in developing countries (Banerjee and Duo, 2007; Badiani and Sar, 2009; Morten, 2012). In 2007

  5. Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmatic Children in Fresno, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-Term Effects of Air Pollution on Wheeze in Asthmaticchanges in ambient air pollution. Our data suggest the need2004. The effect of air pollution on lung development from

  6. Dispersion of Short Fibers in Cement D. D. L. Chung1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    the strain, damage, or temperature , self-heating for de- icing , and electromagnetic reflection microfibers in cement, as assessed by electrical resistivity measurement for the case of electrically; Portland cements; Mortars; Electrical resistivity. Introduction Short fibers are used as admixtures

  7. Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Aluru, Srinivas [Iowa State University

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Srinivas Aluru from Iowa State University gives a presentation on "Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  8. Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chapman, Jarrod

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Jarrod Chapman of the DOE JGI gives a presentation on "Efficient Short-Read Assembly of Eukaryotic Genomes" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  9. Dicer deletion and short RNA expression analysis in mouse embryonic stem cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calabrese, Joseph Mauro

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RNA interference (RNAi) manages many aspects of eukaryotic gene expression through sequence-specific interactions with RNA. Short RNAs, 20-30 nucleotides in length, guide the various effector proteins of RNAi to silence ...

  10. Quantum Cattaneo wave equation for ultra-short laser pulses interaction with electron and nucleon gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J Marciak-Kozlowska; Miroslaw Kozlowski

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the quantum Cattaneo wave equation for ultra-short laser pulses interaction with medium is obtained . The explicit formulae for electron and nucleon gases are presented

  11. Prediction of Multi-Physics Behaviors of Large Lithium-Ion Batteries During Internal and External Short Circuit (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, G. H.; Lee, K. J.; Chaney, L.; Smith, K.; Darcy, E.; Pesaran, A.; Darcy, E.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes the multi-physics behaviors of internal and external short circuits in large lithium-ion batteries.

  12. THE LOCATIONS OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AS EVIDENCE FOR COMPACT OBJECT BINARY PROGENITORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fong, W.; Berger, E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed investigation of Hubble Space Telescope rest-frame UV/optical observations of 22 short gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxies and sub-galactic environments. Utilizing the high angular resolution and depth of HST we characterize the host galaxy morphologies, measure precise projected physical and host-normalized offsets between the bursts and host centers, and calculate the locations of the bursts with respect to their host light distributions (rest-frame UV and optical). We calculate a median short GRB projected physical offset of 4.5 kpc, about 3.5 times larger than that for long GRBs, and find that ?25% of short GRBs have offsets of ?> 10 kpc. When compared to their host sizes, the median offset is 1.5 half-light radii (r{sub e} ), about 1.5 times larger than the values for long GRBs, core-collapse supernovae, and Type Ia supernovae. In addition, ?20% of short GRBs having offsets of ?> 5r{sub e} , and only ?25% are located within 1r{sub e} . We further find that short GRBs severely under-represent their hosts' rest-frame optical and UV light, with ?30%-45% of the bursts located in regions of their host galaxies that have no detectable stellar light, and ?55% in the regions with no UV light. Therefore, short GRBs do not occur in regions of star formation or even stellar mass. This demonstrates that the progenitor systems of short GRBs must migrate from their birth sites to their eventual explosion sites, a signature of kicks in compact object binary systems. Utilizing the full sample of offsets, we estimate natal kick velocities of ?20-140 km s{sup –1}. These independent lines of evidence provide the strongest support to date that short GRBs result from the merger of compact object binaries (NS-NS/NS-BH)

  13. A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Scott S.

    A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3 D. B. Fox,4 P. A The redshift distribution of the short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is a crucial, but currently fragmentary rays: bursts Online material: color figures 1. INTRODUCTION The redshift distribution of the short

  14. Enhancement of x-ray line emission from plasmas produced by short high-intensity laser double pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limpouch, Jiri

    Enhancement of x-ray line emission from plasmas produced by short high-intensity laser double.25.Os, 52.65. y I. INTRODUCTION The advanced technology of short pulse lasers now pro- vides on experimental conditions. The enhancement of x-ray yield by short laser prepulses has been reported in several

  15. Computational study of the generation of crystal defects in a bcc metal target irradiated by short laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    defects in a Cr target irradiated by a short, 200 fs, laser pulse is investigated in computer simulations to the irradiated surface. The stacking faults are unstable and disappear shortly after the laser-induced tensile produced by the short pulse laser irradiation, can result in the confinement of the laser- induced

  16. Development of a Novel Test Method for On-Demand Internal Short Circuit in a Li-Ion Cell (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyser, M.; Long, D.; Jung, Y. S.; Pesaran, A.; Darcy, E.; McCarthy, B.; Patrick, L.; Kruger, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes a cell-level test method that simulates an emergent internal short circuit, produces consistent and reproducible test results, can establish the locations and temperatures/power/SOC conditions where an internal short circuit will result in thermal runaway, and provides relevant data to validate internal short circuit models.

  17. Diagnosis of Stator Winding Inter-Turn Shorts in Induction Motors Fed by PWM-Inverter Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Diagnosis of Stator Winding Inter-Turn Shorts in Induction Motors Fed by PWM-Inverter Drive Systems Abstract---An effective technique for diagnosis of stator winding inter-turn shorts in induction motors fed diagnostics, on-line condition monitoring, stator winding inter-turn shorts, time series, space vector

  18. Title: The recollision model in ultra-short light fields Prof. H.W. van der Hart Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxton, Anthony T.

    advances in laser technology have enabled scientists to create ultra-short light pulses with a durationTitle: The recollision model in ultra-short light fields Prof. H.W. van der Hart Description Recent of the current questions in attosecond physics is the question of how ultra-short light pulses can be shaped

  19. A COMPARISON OF THE AFTERGLOWS OF SHORT- AND LONG-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nysewander, M.; Fruchter, A. S.; Pe'er, A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)], E-mail: mnysewander@alionscience.com

    2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comparative study of the observed properties of the optical and X-ray afterglows of short- and long-duration {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs). Using a large sample of 37 short and 421 long GRBs, we find a strong correlation between the afterglow brightness measured after 11 hr and the observed fluence of the prompt emission. Both the optical (R band) and X-ray flux densities (F{sub R} and F{sub X} ) scale with the {gamma}-ray fluence, F {sub {gamma}}. For bursts with a known redshift, a tight correlation exists between the afterglow flux densities at 11 hr (rest frame) and the total isotropic {gamma}-ray energy, E {sub {gamma}}{sub ,ISO}: F {sub R,X} {proportional_to} E {sub {gamma}}{sub ,ISO} {sup {alpha}}, with {alpha} {approx_equal} 1. The constant of proportionality is nearly identical for long and short bursts, when E {sub {gamma}}{sub ,ISO} is obtained from the Swift data. Additionally, we find that for short busts with F {sub {gamma}} {approx}> 10{sup -7} erg cm{sup -2}, optical afterglows are nearly always detected by reasonably deep early observations. Finally, we show that the ratio F{sub R} /F{sub X} has very similar values for short and long bursts. These results are difficult to explain in the framework of the standard scenario, since they require that either (1) the number density of the surrounding medium of short bursts is typically comparable to, or even larger than the number density of long bursts; (2) short bursts explode into a density profile, n(r) {proportional_to} r {sup -2}; or (3) the prompt {gamma}-ray fluence depends on the density of the external medium. We therefore find it likely that either basic assumptions on the properties of the circumburst environment of short GRBs or else the standard models of GRB emission must be re-examined. We believe that the most likely solution is that the ambient density surrounding typical short bursts is higher than has generally been expected: a typical value of {approx}1 cm{sup -3} is indicated. We discuss recent modifications to the standard binary merger model for short bursts which may be able to explain the implied density.

  20. A Numerical Estimate of Flexible Short-tube Flow and Deformation with R-134a and R-410a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassiouny, R.; O'Neal, D.

    440 ©2008 ASHRAE ABSTRACT A finite element model was used to estimate the refrigerant flow through flexible short-tubes for two refrigerants and three moduli of elasticity. The short-tubes were 14.5 mm (0.57 in.) in length with an inlet diameter...-diverg- ing nozzle. A chamfered-like shape was seen at both the inlet and outlet of the short-tube. This shape reduced the large pres- sure drop at the vena contracta downstream of the tube inlet found in rigid short-tubes. However, flexible short-tubes showed...

  1. In-situ short-circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gauthier, Michel (La Prairie, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Shiota, Toshimi (St. Bruno, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.

  2. In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gauthier, Michel (La Prairie, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Shiota, Toshimi (St. Bruno, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.

  3. Integrating Random Matrix Theory Predictions with Short-Time Dynamical Effects in Chaotic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Matthew Smith; Lev Kaplan

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a modification to Random Matrix Theory eigenstate statistics, that systematically takes into account the non-universal short-time behavior of chaotic systems. The method avoids diagonalization of the Hamiltonian, instead requiring only a knowledge of short-time dynamics for a chaotic system or ensemble of similar systems. Standard Random Matrix Theory and semiclassical predictions are recovered in the limits of zero Ehrenfest time and infinite Heisenberg time, respectively. As examples, we discuss wave function autocorrelations and cross-correlations, and show that significant improvement in accuracy is obtained for simple chaotic systems where comparison can be made with brute-force diagonalization. The accuracy of the method persists even when the short-time dynamics of the system or ensemble is known only in a classical approximation. Further improvement in the rate of convergence is obtained when the method is combined with the correlation function bootstrapping approach introduced previously.

  4. Linearly polarized X-ray flares following short gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Z. Fan; Bing Zhang; Daniel Proga

    2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Soft X-ray flares were detected to follow the short-duration gamma-ray burst GRB 050724. The temporal properties of the flares suggest that they are likely due to the late time activity of the central engine. We argue that if short GRBs are generated through compact star mergers, as is supported by the recent observations, the jet powering the late X-ray flares must be launched via magnetic processes rather than via neutrino-antineutrino annihilations. As a result, the X-ray flares following short GRBs are expected to be linearly polarized. The argument may also apply to the X-ray flares following long GRBs. Future observations with the upcoming X-ray polarimeters will test this prediction.

  5. MeV-GeV emission from neutron-loaded short gamma-ray burst jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebur Razzaque; Peter Meszaros

    2006-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent discovery of the afterglow emission from short gamma-ray bursts suggests that binary neutron star or black hole-neutron star binary mergers are the likely progenitors of these short bursts. The accretion of neutron star material and its subsequent ejection by the central engine implies a neutron-rich outflow. We consider here a neutron-rich relativistic jet model of short bursts, and investigate the high energy neutrino and photon emission as neutrons and protons decouple from each other. We find that upcoming neutrino telescopes are unlikley to detect the 50 GeV neutrinos expected in this model. For bursts at z~0.1, we find that GLAST and ground-based Cherenkov telescopes should be able to detect prompt 100 MeV and 100 GeV photon signatures, respectively, which may help test the neutron star merger progenitor identification.

  6. Experimental simulation of internal short circuit in Li-ion and Li-ion-Polymer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, Wei [ORNL; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Maleki, Hossein [Motorola Mobility; Howard, Jason [Motorola Mobility; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-parameter controlled pinch test was developed to study the occurrence of internal short circuits in Li-ion and Li-ion-polymer cells. By tuning the control parameters (i.e., cell voltage as well as pinching area, load, and speed), the pinch test can reproducibly create ~1 to 2 mm wide internal short between a cell jelly-roll s inner layer electrodes. This recreates conditions similar to those that may occur during service. Furthermore, the pinch test is used to determine thermal stability of two Li-ion-polymer cells of different designs built by the same manufacturer. The pinch test method can be used to help distinguish cells with design features or characteristics that lower risk of potential thermal events created by internal short circuits.

  7. Design and expression of a short peptide as an HIV detection probe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lines, Jamie A.; Yu, Zhiqiang; Dedkova, Larisa M.; Chen, Shengxi, E-mail: shengxi.chen.1@asu.edu

    2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •We designed a short fusion peptide (FP-50) for in vivo expression. •This peptide is a very promising component for detection of gp120 protein. •The detectable level is about 20–200 times lower than previously published methods. •It is a novel probe to detect HIV-1 gp120 during early stages of HIV infection. -- Abstract: To explore a low-cost novel probe for HIV detection, we designed and prepared a 50-amino acid-length short fusion peptide (FP-50) via Escherichia coli in vivo expression. It was employed as a novel probe to detect HIV-1 gp120 protein. The detectable level of gp120 protein using the FP-50 peptide was approximately 20–200 times lower than previously published methods that used a pair of monoclonal antibodies. Thus, this short peptide is a very promising component for detection of gp120 protein during early stages of HIV infection.

  8. A Method to Modify RMT using Short-Time Behavior in Chaotic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Matthew Smith; Lev Kaplan

    2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a modification to Random Matrix Theory eigenstate statistics, that systematically takes into account the non-universal short-time behavior of chaotic systems. The method avoids diagonalization of the Hamiltonian, instead requiring only a knowledge of short-time dynamics for a chaotic system or ensemble of similar systems. Standard Random Matrix Theory and semiclassical predictions are recovered in the limits of zero Ehrenfest time and infinite Heisenberg time, respectively. As examples, we discuss wave function autocorrelations and cross-correlations, and show how the approach leads to a significant improvement in accuracy for simple chaotic systems where comparison can be made with brute-force diagonalization.

  9. Characterizing short-term stability for Boolean networks over any distribution of transfer functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Seshadhri; Andrew M. Smith; Yevgeniy Vorobeychik; Jackson Mayo; Robert C. Armstrong

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a characterization of short-term stability of random Boolean networks under \\emph{arbitrary} distributions of transfer functions. Given any distribution of transfer functions for a random Boolean network, we present a formula that decides whether short-term chaos (damage spreading) will happen. We provide a formal proof for this formula, and empirically show that its predictions are accurate. Previous work only works for special cases of balanced families. It has been observed that these characterizations fail for unbalanced families, yet such families are widespread in real biological networks.

  10. Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Predoi; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration; K. Hurley; for IPN

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We outline the scientific motivation behind a search for gravitational waves associated with short gamma ray bursts detected by the InterPlanetary Network (IPN) during LIGO's fifth science run and Virgo's first science run. The IPN localisation of short gamma ray bursts is limited to extended error boxes of different shapes and sizes and a search on these error boxes poses a series of challenges for data analysis. We will discuss these challenges and outline the methods to optimise the search over these error boxes.

  11. SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AND DARK MATTER SEEDING IN NEUTRON STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Garcia, M. Angeles [Department of Fundamental Physics and IUFFyM, University of Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced s/n, E-37008 Salamanca (Spain); Daigne, F.; Silk, J., E-mail: mperezga@usal.es, E-mail: daigne@iap.fr, E-mail: j.silk1@physics.ox.ac.uk [UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris (France)

    2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a mechanism based on internal self-annihilation of dark matter accreted from the galactic halo in the inner regions of neutron stars that may trigger full or partial conversion into a quark star. We explain how this effect may induce a gamma-ray burst (GRB) that could be classified as short, according to the usual definition based on time duration of the prompt gamma-ray emission. This mechanism differs in many aspects from the most discussed scenario associating short GRBs with compact object binary mergers. We list possible observational signatures that should help distinguish between these two possible classes of progenitors.

  12. Momentum signatures for Schwinger pair production in short laser pulses with a sub-cycle structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian Hebenstreit; Reinhard Alkofer; Gerald V. Dunne; Holger Gies

    2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate electron-positron pair production from vacuum for short laser pulses with sub-cycle structure, in the nonperturbative regime (Schwinger pair production). We use the non-equilibrium quantum kinetic approach, and show that the momentum spectrum of the created electron-positron pairs is extremely sensitive to the sub-cycle dynamics -- depending on the laser frequency $\\omega$, the pulse length $\\tau$, and the carrier phase $\\phi$ -- and shows several distinctive new signatures. This observation could help not only in the design of laser pulses to optimize the experimental signature of Schwinger pair production, but also ultimately lead to new probes of light pulses at extremely short time scales.

  13. Method and apparatus for producing durationally short ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacGowan, Brian J. (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (El Granada, CA); Trebes, James E. (Livermore, CA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus is disclosed for producing ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses of short duration (32). An ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulse of long duration (12) is progressively refracted, across the surface of an opaque barrier (28), by a streaming plasma (22) that is produced by illuminating a solid target (16, 18) with a pulse of conventional line focused high power laser radiation (20). The short pulse of ultraviolet or X-ray laser radiation (32), which may be amplified to high power (40, 42), is separated out by passage through a slit aperture (30) in the opaque barrier (28).

  14. Universality in short-time critical gluodynamics with heat-bath-inspired algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael B. Frigori

    2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-time dynamics technique is used to study the relaxation process for the (2+1)-dimensional critical gluodynamics of the SU(2) lattice gauge theory. A generalized class of heat-bath-inspired updating algorithms was employed during the short-time regime of the dynamic evolution for performance comparison. The static and dynamic critical exponents of the theory were measured, serving as a dynamic benchmark for algorithmic efficiency. Our results are in agreement with predictions from universality hypothesis and suggest that there is an underlying universal dynamics shared by the analyzed algorithms.

  15. High-Sensitivity Delayed-Coincidence Spectrometer to Search for Short-Lived Nuclear States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morozov, V A; Norseev, Yu V; Sereeter, Z; Zlokazov, V B

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-sensitivity four-dimensional triple-coincidence spectrometer with two detectors is developed on the basis of an autocorrelation single-crystal scintillation time 4{\\pi} spectrometer and a semiconductor HPGe detector. The delayed-coincidence spectrometer is designed for searching for isomeric nano- and microsecond states in short-lived nuclei and for their related gamma-rays. Half-lives of short-lived states are measured in the range from 4 ns to 4 {\\mu}s. The sufficient activity of the monoisotopic source for the investigations does not exceed 0.01 {\\mu}Ci.

  16. Short-term effects of Gamma Ray Bursts on oceanic photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penate, Liuba; Cardenas, Rolando; Agusti, Susana

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our previous work on the potential short-term influence of a gamma ray bursts on Earth's biosphere, focusing on the only important short-term effect on life: the ultraviolet flash which occurs as a result of the retransmission of the {\\gamma} radiation through the atmosphere. Thus, in this work we calculate the ultraviolet irradiances penetrating the first hundred meters of the water column, for Jerlov's ocean water types I, II and III. Then we estimate the UV flash potential for photosynthesis inhibition, showing that it can be important in a considerable part of the water column with light enough for photosynthesis to be done, the so called photic zone.

  17. Method and apparatus for producing durationally short ultraviolet or x-ray laser pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacGowan, B.J.; Matthews, D.L.; Trebes, J.E.

    1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus is disclosed for producing ultraviolet or x- ray laser pulses of short duration. An ultraviolet or x-ray laser pulse of long duration is progressively refracted, across the surface of an opaque barrier, by a streaming plasma that is produced by illuminating a solid target with a pulse of conventional line focused high power laser radiation. The short pulse of ultraviolet or x-ray laser radiation, which may be amplified to high power, is separated out by passage through a slit aperture in the opaque barrier.

  18. Short period fluctuations of sea level in the West Florida Keys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Sangem

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stages at each station. It is found that seiches at Vaca Key show strong correlations with weather conditions and also that short period fluctuations at several stations are influenced by effects of non-linear residual tidal currents (effects through... Fluctuations of Sea Level at Stations with Data Recorded in April. 4. 3 Short Period Fluctuations of Sea Level at Stations with Data Recorded in June. 21 21 24 vi 4. 4 Residual Tidal Currents 4. 5 Seiches in Vaca Key 4. 6 The Effects of Friction...

  19. Production of neutrons up to 18 MeV in high-intensity, short-pulse laser matter interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Production of neutrons up to 18 MeV in high-intensity, short-pulse laser matter interactions D. P of neutrons up to 18 MeV in high-intensity, short-pulse laser matter interactions D. P. Higginson,1,2 J. M. Mc of laser energy in a 9 ps pulse. In this technique, a short-pulse, high-energy laser accelerates deuterons

  20. MOSFET smallMOSFET small--signal equivalent circuitssignal equivalent circuits Short explanation of MOSFET I-V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    --parametersparameters 1. fT is related to the short-circuit current gain 2. |id/ig|2 = |y23/y33|2 3. Extrapolated f. fT is related to the short-circuit current gain 4. |id/ig|2 = |-z23/z33|2 5. Extrapolated f--parametersparametersSec. 14.8 y-parameters are measured from currents under various short-circuit conditions z

  1. The Need for Cooperation and Relaying in Short-Range High Path Loss Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a propagation model and a radio model for communication along the human body. Using these models, energyThe Need for Cooperation and Relaying in Short-Range High Path Loss Sensor Networks Bart Braem--This paper focuses on the energy efficiency of communication in small-scale sensor networks experiencing high

  2. Export Control in a Nutshell Avoiding Severe Federal Penalties Short Briefing for Academic and Staff Personnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derisi, Joseph

    Export Control in a Nutshell ­ Avoiding Severe Federal Penalties Short Briefing for Academic of the U.S. without first conferring with your campus export office to determine if a license is required. Export regulations govern any transfer of physical objects (be it equipment, compounds, materials

  3. Orientational ordering of short LC rods in an anisotropic liquid crystalline polymer glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Jianshu

    Orientational ordering of short LC rods in an anisotropic liquid crystalline polymer glass Lorin the glass transition is determined by field theory. Microscopic anisotropic interactions can align the LC the glass transition. Host anisotropic glass formers made of mesogens with side chains were studied recently

  4. Multichannel Blind Deconvolution of the Short-Exposure Astronomical Images Filip Sroubek, Jan Flusser, Tomas Suk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sroubek, Filip

    Multichannel Blind Deconvolution of the Short-Exposure Astronomical Images Filip Sroubek, Jan@asu.cas.cz Abstract In this paper we present a new multichannel blind deconvolution method based on so-called subspace single channel ones. In comparison with earlier multichannel blind deconvolution techniques the subspace

  5. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for ASHRAE Research Project 1004-RP: Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests. This report presents the results of the development and application of the methodology to Case Study #2...

  6. A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Power-Law Formulation of Laminar Flow in Short Pipes Max Sherman Indoor Environment Program ABSTRACT This report develops a theoretical description of the hydrodynamic relationship based on a power pipes can be described with a simple power law dependence on pressure, but that the exponent

  7. 44 Short stories told on the local radio (Kap York Radio)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 44 Length of track 2 hours 45 minutes Title of track Short stories told on the local radio (Kap...

  8. Short- and Long- Time Transport Structures in a Three Dimensional Time Dependent Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodolphe Chabreyrie; Stefan G. Llewellyn Smith

    2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Lagrangian transport structures for three-dimensional and time-dependent fluid flows are of great interest in numerous applications, particularly for geophysical or oceanic flows. In such flows, chaotic transport and mixing can play important environmental and ecological roles, for examples in pollution spills or plankton migration. In such flows, where simulations or observations are typically available only over a short time, understanding the difference between short-time and long-time transport structures is critical. In this paper, we use a set of classical (i.e. Poincar\\'e section, Lyapunov exponent) and alternative (i.e. finite time Lyapunov exponent, Lagrangian coherent structures) tools from dynamical systems theory that analyze chaotic transport both qualitatively and quantitatively. With this set of tools we are able to reveal, identify and highlight differences between short- and long-time transport structures inside a flow composed of a primary horizontal contra-rotating vortex chain, small lateral oscillations and a weak Ekman pumping. The difference is mainly the existence of regular or extremely slowly developing chaotic regions that are only present at short time.

  9. Money Matters A series of FREE short classes on managing your money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Five-week series Mondays, September 9, 16, 23, 30, October 7 - 6p ­ 9p Fee $50 includes workbookMoney Matters A series of FREE short classes on managing your money Pre-registration is required and preserving some tomatoes. ServSafe Food Safety Training Training for restaurant managers, food service

  10. Electrolytic etch for preventing electrical shorts in solar cells on polymer surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weber, Michael F. (St. Paul, MN)

    1991-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for preventing shorts and shunts in solar cells having in order, an insulating substrate, a conductive metal layer on the substrate, an amorphous silicon layer and a transparent conductive layer. The method includes anodic etching of exposed portions of the metal layer after deposition of the amorphous silicon and prior to depositing the transparent conductive layer.

  11. Use of Short-cut Methods to Analyse Optimal Operation of Petlyuk Distillation Columns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Use of Short-cut Methods to Analyse Optimal Operation of Petlyuk Distillation Columns Ivar J: Petlyuk distillation column, dividing wall column, optimizing control, minimum energy 1. INTRODUCTION- ments for the level of automatic control and to the design of number of stages in each column section. 2

  12. Mid-frequency sound propagation through internal waves at short range with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mid-frequency sound propagation through internal waves at short range with synoptic oceanographic internal waves often are modeled as a background random process introducing small changes in the sound, during, and after the passage of a nonlinear internal wave on 18 August, 2006. Using oceanographic data

  13. PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubertin, Michel

    PASSIVE TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE IN BIOREACTORS: SHORT REVIEW, APPLICATIONS, AND RESEARCH Sulphate-reducing passive bioreactors have received much attention lately as alternating technologies of metal carbonates and hydroxides occur in passive bioreactors. The more successful designs allow the flow

  14. RESEARCH Open Access Short and long-term carbon balance of bioenergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by offsetting fossil fuel electricity generation emissions, and potentially by avoided pyrogenic emissions dueRESEARCH Open Access Short and long-term carbon balance of bioenergy electricity production fueled bioenergy electricity production are offset by avoided fossil fuel electricity emissions. The carbon benefit

  15. CORRELATIONS OF PROMPT AND AFTERGLOW EMISSION IN SWIFT LONG AND SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Bing

    CORRELATIONS OF PROMPT AND AFTERGLOW EMISSION IN SWIFT LONG AND SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS N. Gehrels,1 of prompt and afterglow emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) between different spectral bands have been-limited for long events. Subject headingg: gamma rays: bursts 1. INTRODUCTION One of the longest enduring gamma-ray

  16. Improved methods for detecting gravitational waves associated with short gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. R. Williamson; C. Biwer; S. Fairhurst; I. W. Harry; E. Macdonald; D. Macleod; V. Predoi

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In the era of second generation ground-based gravitational wave detectors, short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) will be among the most promising astrophysical events for joint electromagnetic and gravitational wave observation. A targeted search for gravitational wave compact binary merger signals in coincidence with short GRBs was developed and used to analyze data from the first generation LIGO and Virgo instruments. In this paper, we present improvements to this search that enhance our ability to detect gravitational wave counterparts to short GRBs. Specifically, we introduce an improved method for estimating the gravitational wave background to obtain the event significance required to make detections; implement a method of tiling extended sky regions, as required when searching for signals associated to poorly localized GRBs from Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor or the InterPlanetary Network; and incorporate astrophysical knowledge about the beaming of GRB emission to restrict the search parameter space. We describe the implementation of these enhancements and demonstrate how they improve the ability to observe binary merger gravitational wave signals associated with short GRBs.

  17. CORRELATION BETWEEN PEAK ENERGY AND PEAK LUMINOSITY IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z. B.; Chen, D. Y. [Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Huang, Y. F., E-mail: sci.zbzhang@gzu.edu.cn, E-mail: hyf@nju.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A correlation between the peak luminosity and the peak energy has been found by Yonetoku et al. as L{sub p} {proportional_to}E{sup 2.0}{sub p,i} for 11 pre-Swift long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In this study, for a greatly expanded sample of 148 long GRBs in the Swift era, we find that the correlation still exists, but most likely with a slightly different power-law index, i.e., L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i}. In addition, we have collected 17 short GRBs with necessary data. We find that the correlation of L{sub p} {proportional_to} E{sup 1.7}{sub p,i} also exists for this sample of short events. It is argued that the radiation mechanism of both long and short GRBs should be similar, i.e., of quasi-thermal origin caused by the photosphere, with the dissipation occurring very near the central engine. Some key parameters of the process are constrained. Our results suggest that the radiation processes of both long and short bursts may be dominated by thermal emission, rather than by the single synchrotron radiation. This might put strong physical constraints on the theoretical models.

  18. Short gamma-ray bursts from binary neutron star mergers in globular clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Short gamma-ray bursts from binary neutron star mergers in globular clusters JONATHAN@cfa.harvard.edu Published online: 29 January 2006; doi:10.1038/nphys214 Observations by the Swift gamma-ray-burst (GRB, the so-called `long' GRBs (>2-200 s) were located by coded aperture imaging of their hard X-ray emission

  19. A SEARCH FOR PULSATIONS IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS TO CONSTRAIN THEIR PROGENITORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dichiara, S.; Guidorzi, C.; Frontera, F. [Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, via Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Amati, L. [INAF-IASF Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We searched for periodic and quasi-periodic signals in the prompt emission of a sample of 44 bright short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected with Fermi/GBM, Swift/BAT, and CGRO/BATSE. The aim was to look for the observational signature of quasi-periodic jet precession, which is expected from black hole (BH)-neutron star (NS) mergers, but not from double NS systems. Thus, this kind of search holds the key to identifying the progenitor systems of short GRBs and, in the interim before gravitational wave detectors become on-lines, represents the only direct way to constrain the progenitors. We tailored our search to the nature of the expected signal by properly stretching the observed light curves by an increasing factor with time, after calibrating the technique with synthetic curves. None of our GRBs showed evidence for periodic or quasi-periodic signals. In particular, for the seven unambiguously short GRBs with the best signal-to-noise ratios, we obtained significant upper limits to the amplitude of the possible oscillations. This result suggests that BH-NS systems do not dominate the population of short GRB progenitors, as described by the kinematic model of Stone et al.

  20. Extremely short impulse eddy current system for titanium and inconel samples testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chady, T.; Frankowski, P. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Sikorskiego 37, 70-313 Szczecin (Poland)

    2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new system for eddy current testing. The system enables tests with very short current impulses. Therefore, the frequency spectrum of the excitation signal is very wide. In this paper, a study of eddy current differential transducer for testing titanium element is also presented.