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1

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Nearshore oscillating wave surge converters and the development of Oyster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dramatically less than that offshore. It is true that the...power converters in wave farms with an economic cap...10-20% lower than that offshore-[9]. In 2002, the...power available to a wave farm. Unlike wind farms, wave energy converters...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Design and Analysis for a Floating Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a recent study on the design and analysis of an oscillating surge wave energy converter. A successful wave energy conversion design requires the balance between the design performance and cost. The cost of energy is often used as the metric to judge the design of the wave energy conversion system. It is often determined based on the device power performance, the cost for manufacturing, deployment, operation and maintenance, as well as the effort to ensure the environmental compliance. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the importance of a cost driven design strategy and how it can affect a WEC design. Three oscillating surge wave energy converter (OSWEC) designs were used as the example. The power generation performance of the design was modeled using a time-domain numerical simulation tool, and the mass properties of the design were determined based on a simple structure analysis. The results of those power performance simulations, the structure analysis and a simple economic assessment were then used to determine the cost-efficiency of selected OSWEC designs. Finally, a discussion on the environmental barrier, integrated design strategy and the key areas that need further investigation is also presented.

Yu, Y. H.; Li, Y.; Hallett, K.; Hotimsky, C.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

AN EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET WAVE ASSOCIATED WITH A SURGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking advantage of the high temporal and spatial resolution observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we present an extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave associated with a surge on 2010 November 13. Due to the magnetic flux cancelation, some surges formed in the source active region (AR). The strongest surge produced our studied event. The surge was deflected by the nearby loops that connected to another AR, and disrupted the overlying loops that slowly expanded and eventually evolved into a weak coronal mass ejection (CME). The surge was likely associated with the core of the CME. The EUV wave happened after the surge deflected. The wave departed far from the flare center and showed a close location relative to the deflected surge. The wave propagated in a narrow angular extent, mainly in the ejection direction of the surge. The close timing and location relations between the EUV wave and the surge indicate that the wave was closely associated with the CME. The wave had a velocity of 310-350 km s{sup -1}, while the speeds of the surge and the expanding loops were about 130 and 150 km s{sup -1}, respectively. All of the results suggest that the EUV wave was a fast-mode wave and was most likely triggered by the weak CME.

Zheng, Ruisheng; Jiang, Yunchun; Yang, Jiayan; Bi, Yi; Hong, Junchao; Yang, Bo; Yang, Dan, E-mail: zhrsh@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)] [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

An evaluation of the potential of coastal wetlands for hurricane surge and wave energy reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential, a segmented marsh may offer comparable surge protection to that of a continuous marsh. Wave heights are generally increased within the marsh due to the transmission of wave energy through marsh channels. Results presented in this thesis may assist...

Loder, Nicholas Mason

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Coastal Inundation due to Tide, Surge, Waves, and Sea Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coastal Inundation due to Tide, Surge, Waves, and Sea Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk Honghai of future sea level rise (SLR) scenarios and to evaluate the potential coastal inundation at Naval Station and sea level rise threats to coastal residents and coastal military facilities, the US Strategic

US Army Corps of Engineers

7

Wave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to fracture along lines of weakness that formed when stems folded over to high bending 108 angles. Cumulatively, this breakage resulted in a loss of 31% (30 kg) of the total 98 kg of biomass 109 after two days of runs under higher energy conditions (Fig. 2c... and tidal flow or as wave/tidal energy 37 buffers7,11–13. The inclusion of such natural features into quantitative flood risk assessments, 38 however, has been hampered by a lack of (i) empirical evidence for their capacity to act as wave 39 dissipaters...

Möller, Iris; Kudella, Matthias; Rupprecht, Franziska; Spencer, Tom; Paul, Maike; van Wesenbeeck, Bregje K.; Wolters, Guido; Jensen, Kai; Bouma, Tjeerd J.; Miranda-Lange, Martin; Schimmels, Stefan

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

Nearshore oscillating wave surge converters and the development of Oyster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Pelton wheel, flywheel and generator. The container to the left houses...power plant uses a variable speed induction generator coupled with a Pelton wheel turbine...significantly reduces the required generator capacity. A relatively simple...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0.13 Step-up transformer 14,844 1 15 989.61 0.07 Mechanical Components Motor-to-generator coupling 278 1 20 13.92 0.05 Hingeflap bearings 6,549 2 20 654.89 0.05...

10

MHK Technologies/SurgeWEC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SurgeWEC SurgeWEC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SurgeWEC.JPG Technology Profile Primary Organization Resolute Marine Energy Inc Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/SurgeWEC Ocean Testing 1 *MHK Projects/Ocean Trials Ver 2 Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description A bottom mounted hinged flap that oscillates in response to surface wave activity Mooring Configuration TBD Optimum Marine/Riverline Conditions Devices positoned just outside of the surf zone in hard bottom environment Technology Dimensions

11

Practical limits to the power that can be captured from ocean waves by oscillating bodies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The maximum average power that can be captured from ocean waves by an idealised and unconstrained oscillating body depends on two hydrodynamic properties: the wave radiation pattern and the radiation resistance (also called added damping or wave damping coefficient). These properties depend on the body geometry and the mode of oscillation. For such unconstrained motion the limits of absorbed power are well described. Power bounds due to physical restrictions like limited volume stroke or machinery stroke length has also received some attention, but has not been sufficiently explored. This paper looks at such physical bounds to the achievable absorbed power. It is done by physical reasoning leading to analytical expressions for the upper bounds, treating heave, surge and pitch motions separately. It is shown how size, oscillation mode and volume stroke of the oscillating body inherently influence the absorption ability. Furthermore, implications for the practical and economical design of wave energy are identified and discussed.

Jørgen Hals Todalshaug

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia-NREL Wave Energy Converter...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

13

Kelvin--Helmholtz instability of magnetohydrodynamic waves propagating on solar surges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper, we study the evolutionary conditions for Kelvin--Helmholtz (KH) instability in a high-temperature solar surge observed in NOAA AR11271 using the Solar Dynamics Observatory data on 2011 August 25. We study the propagation of normal MHD modes in a flux tube considering the two cases, notably of untwisted magnetic flux tube and the twisted one. The numerical solution to the dispersion relation shows that the kink ($m = 1$) wave traveling in an untwisted flux tube becomes unstable if the jet speed exceeds $1060$ km\\,s$^{-1}$ -- a speed which is inaccessible for solar surges. A weak twist (the ratio of azimuthal to longitudinal magnetic field component) of the internal magnetic field in the range of $0.025$--$0.2$ does not change substantially the critical flow velocity. Thus, one implies that, in general, the kink mode is stable against the KH instability. It turns out, however, that the $m = -2$ and $m = -3$ MHD modes can become unstable when the twist parameter has values between $0.2$ and...

Zhelyazkov, I; Srivastava, A K; Mishonov, T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A PLL Design Based on a Standing Wave Resonant Oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we present a new continuously variable high frequency standing wave oscillator and demonstrate its use in generating the phase locked clock signal of a digital IC. The ring based standing wave resonant oscillator is implemented...

Karkala, Vinay

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

15

Method of Focussing Waves by Inhomogeneous Oscillations of the...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Method of Focussing Waves by Inhomogeneous Oscillations of the underlying Medium Disclosed is a nw method of refracting electromagnetic and other waves in a dispersive medium by...

16

Developmental programming: Prenatal BPA treatment disrupts timing of LH surge and ovarian follicular wave dynamics in adult sheep  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Developmental exposure to BPA adversely affects reproductive function. In sheep, prenatal BPA treatment induces reproductive neuroendocrine defects, manifested as LH excess and dampened LH surge and perturbs early ovarian gene expression. In this study we hypothesized that prenatal BPA treatment will also disrupt ovarian follicular dynamics. Pregnant sheep were treated from days 30 to 90 of gestation with 3 different BPA doses (0.05, 0.5, or 5 mg/kg BW/day). All female offspring were estrus synchronized and transrectal ultrasonography was performed daily for 22 days to monitor ovarian follicular and corpora lutea dynamics. Blood samples were collected to assess preovulatory hormonal changes and luteal progesterone dynamics. Statistical analysis revealed that the time interval between the estradiol rise and the preovulatory LH surge was shortened in the BPA-treated females. None of the three BPA doses had an effect on corpora lutea, progestogenic cycles, and mean number or duration of ovulatory and non-ovulatory follicles. However, differences in follicular count trajectories were evident in all three follicular size classes (2–3 mm, 4–5 mm, and ? 6 mm) of prenatal BPA-treated animals compared to controls. Number of follicular waves tended also to be more variable in the prenatal BPA-treated groups ranging from 2 to 5 follicular waves per cycle, while this was restricted to 3 to 4 waves in control females. These changes in ovarian follicular dynamics coupled with defects in time interval between estradiol rise and preovulatory LH release are likely to lead to subfertility in prenatal BPA-treated females.

A. Veiga-Lopez; E.M. Beckett; B. Abi Salloum; W. Ye; V. Padmanabhan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Magneto-Acoustic Wave Oscillations in Solar Spicules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some observations suggest that solar spicules show small amplitude and high frequency oscillations of magneto-acoustic waves, which arise from photospheric granular forcing. We apply the method of MHD seismology to determine the period of kink waves. For this purposes, the oscillations of a magnetic cylinder embedded in a field-free environment is investigated. Finally, diagnostic diagrams displaying the oscillatory period in terms of some equilibrium parameters are provided to allow a comparison between theoretical results and those coming from observations.

Ajabshirizadeh, A; Koutchmy, S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Magneto-Acoustic Wave Oscillations in Solar Spicules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some observations suggest that solar spicules show small amplitude and high frequency oscillations of magneto-acoustic waves, which arise from photospheric granular forcing. We apply the method of MHD seismology to determine the period of kink waves. For this purposes, the oscillations of a magnetic cylinder embedded in a field-free environment is investigated. Finally, diagnostic diagrams displaying the oscillatory period in terms of some equilibrium parameters are provided to allow a comparison between theoretical results and those coming from observations.

A. Ajabshirizadeh; E. Tavabi; S. Koutchmy

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

19

Random wave forces on a free-to-surge vertical cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of offshore structures and may explain some of the variability between measured and calculated forces. 45 REFERENCES [2] [31 [4] [51 [6] [71 [8] [10] [12] Aagsard, P. lvl. and Dean, R. G. , "Wave Forces: Data Analysis and Engineering Calculation...' the fluid, and D is the diameter of thc pile or cylinder. The total wave induced force acting on the cylinder is considered as the sum of a viscous drag force component and an inertia component. VVhen the structure moves in response to hydrodynamic loads...

Sajonia, Charles Blake

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

20

Flavor and chiral oscillations with Dirac wave packets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report about recent results on Dirac wave packets in the treatment of neutrino flavor oscillation where the initial localization of a spinor state implies an interference between positive and negative energy components of mass-eigenstate wave packets. A satisfactory description of fermionic particles requires the use of the Dirac equation as evolution equation for the mass eigenstates. In this context, a new flavor conversion formula can be obtained when the effects of chiral oscillation are taken into account. Our study leads to the conclusion that the fermionic nature of the particles, where chiral oscillations and the interference between positive and negative frequency components of mass-eigenstate wave packets are implicitly assumed, modifies the standard oscillation probability. Nevertheless, for ultrarelativistic particles and sharply peaked momentum distributions, we can analytically demonstrate that these modifications introduce correction factors proportional to m1,22/p02 which are practically undetectable by any experimental analysis.

A. E. Bernardini and S. De Leo

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Experimental studies of the hydrodynamic characteristics of a sloped wave energy device   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many wave energy convertors are designed to use either vertical (heave) or horizontal (surge) movements of waves. But the frequency response of small heaving buoys and oscillating water column devices shows that they are ...

Lin, Chia-Po

2000-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Regenerative oscillation and four-wave mixing in graphene optoelectronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative oscillation and four-wave mixing in graphene optoelectronics T. Gu1 *, N. Petrone2 , J consecutive first observations in graphene­ silicon hybrid optoelectronic devices--ultralow-power resonant optoelectronics and all-optical signal processing. S ubwavelength nanostructures in monolithic material platforms

Hone, James

23

Josephson oscillations of charge density waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of charge density waves in solids was originally proposed as a possible mechanism for superconductivity by Froehlich. Although the experimentally discovered materials with charge density waves (CDW)s are found to have finite resistivity as a result of impurity pinning, they nevertheless reveal many interesting features including motion which is analogous to a resistively shunted Josephson junction of superconductors. The noise spectrum of CDW systems is reviewed with particular emphasis on interactions with normal as well as magnetic impurities. Future prospects for observing an amplitude variation of the noise signals induced by a magnetic field are proposed.

Ruvalds, J.; Tua, P.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Nonreciprocal wave scattering on nonlinear string-coupled oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study scattering of a periodic wave in a string on two lumped oscillators attached to it. The equations can be represented as a driven (by the incident wave) dissipative (due to radiation losses) system of delay differential equations of neutral type. Nonlinearity of oscillators makes the scattering non-reciprocal: the same wave is transmitted differently in two directions. Periodic regimes of scattering are analysed approximately, using amplitude equation approach. We show that this setup can act as a nonreciprocal modulator via Hopf bifurcations of the steady solutions. Numerical simulations of the full system reveal nontrivial regimes of quasiperiodic and chaotic scattering. Moreover, a regime of a "chaotic diode", where transmission is periodic in one direction and chaotic in the opposite one, is reported.

Stefano Lepri; Arkady Pikovsky

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Storm surges, 1967–1982  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......involves normal modes of oscillation of the basin. In fact, the response of a lake to arbitrary...has computed surge currents in the German Bight using a three-layered numerical model...for the smaller but more highly resolved Bight model. For the Irish Ses, as already......

N. S. Heaps

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Limit cycle analysis of nuclear coupled density-wave oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent tests at commercial boiling water reactors (BWRs) have demonstrated the existence of limit cycles for nuclear coupled density-wave oscillations (NCDWOs) at off-normal conditions. This paper presents the application of a simplified nonlinear BWR core model to determine the potential magnitude and limiting mechanisms of severe NCDWOs, and an approximate determination of the limit cycle using singular perturbation analysis. In this model, the point kinetics equation with infinite-delayed approximation and linear reactivity feedback to both fuel temperature and coolant density is used. This model correctly predicts the magnitude of the Vermont Yankee power oscillations.

Ward, M.E.; Lee, J.C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Resonant energy conversion of 3-minute intensity oscillations into Alfven waves in the solar atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear coupling between 3-minute oscillations and Alfven waves in the solar lower atmosphere is studied. 3-minute oscillations are considered as acoustic waves trapped in a chromospheric cavity and oscillating along transversally inhomogeneous vertical magnetic field. It is shown that under the action of the oscillations the temporal dynamics of Alfven waves is governed by Mathieu equation. Consequently, the harmonics of Alfven waves with twice period and wavelength of 3-minute oscillations grow exponentially in time near the layer where the sound and Alfven speeds equal. Thus the 3-minute oscillations are resonantly absorbed by pure Alfven waves near this resonant layer. The resonant Alfven waves may penetrate into the solar corona taking energy from the chromosphere. Therefore the layer c_s=v_A may play a role of energy channel for otherwise trapped acoustic oscillations.

D. Kuridze; T. V. Zaqarashvili

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

INTRODUCTION TO STORM SURGE Introduction to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a reference level Storm tide is the water level rise during a storm due to the combination of storm surge water levels to rise along the coast during a hurricane. Here are the others: Tides Water levels rise making decisions. Waves Breaking waves contribute to the water level rise through wave runup and wave

29

Asymmetric modes decomposition in an overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the investigated overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillators (RBWOs) are azimuthally symmetric; thus, they are designed through two dimensional (2-D) particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. However, 2-D PIC simulations cannot reveal the effect of asymmetric modes on beam-wave interaction. In order to investigate whether asymmetric mode competition needs to be considered in the design of overmoded RBWOs, a numerical method of determining the composition of both symmetric and asymmetric modes in three dimensional (3-D) PIC simulations is introduced in this paper. The 2-D and 3-D PIC simulation results of an X-band overmoded RBWO are analyzed. Our analysis indicates that the 2-D and 3-D PIC simulation results of our device are quite different due to asymmetric mode competition. In fact, asymmetric surface waves, especially EH{sub 11} mode, can lead to serious mode competition when electron beam propagates near the surface of slow wave structures (SWSs). Therefore, additional method of suppressing asymmetric mode competition, such as adjusting the reflections at both ends of SWSs to decrease the Q-factor of asymmetric modes, needs to be utilized in the design of overmoded RBWOs. Besides, 3-D PIC simulation and modes decomposition are essential for designing overmoded RBWOs.

Zhang, Dian; Zhang, Jun, E-mail: zhangjun@nudt.edu.cn; Zhong, Huihuang; Jin, Zhenxing; Ju, Jinchuan [College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Compressor surge counter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A surge counter for a rotating compressor is provided which detects surging by monitoring the vibration signal from an accelerometer mounted on the shaft bearing of the compressor. The circuit detects a rapid increase in the amplitude envelope of the vibration signal, e.g., 4 dB or greater in less than one second, which is associated with a surge onset and increments a counter. The circuit is rendered non-responsive for a period of about 5 seconds following the detection which corresponds to the duration of the surge condition. This prevents multiple registration of counts during the surge period due to rapid swings in vibration amplitude during the period.

Castleberry, Kimberly N. (Harriman, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

On the energy partition in oscillations and waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of generally nonlinear dynamical systems is considered, for which the Lagrangian is represented as a sum of homogeneous functions of the displacements and their derivatives. It is shown that an energy partition as a single relation follows directly from the Euler-Lagrange equation in its general form. It is defined solely by the homogeneity orders. If the potential energy is represented by a single homogeneous function, as well as the kinetic energy, the partition between these energies is defined uniquely. Finite discrete systems, finite continual bodies, homogeneous and periodic-structure waveguides are considered. The general results are illustrated by examples of various types of oscillations and waves, linear and nonlinear, homogeneous and forced, steady-state and transient, periodic, non-periodic and solitary, regular, parametric and resonant. The reduced energy partition relation for statics is also presented.

Slepyan, Leonid

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Multiscale modeling of oscillations and spiral waves in Dictyostelium populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unicellular organisms exhibit elaborate collective behaviors in response to environmental cues. These behaviors are controlled by complex biochemical networks within individual cells and coordinated through cell-to-cell communication. Describing these behaviors requires new mathematical models that can bridge scales -- from biochemical networks within individual cells to spatially structured cellular populations. Here, we present a family of multiscale models for the emergence of spiral waves in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Our models exploit new experimental advances that allow for the direct measurement and manipulation of the small signaling molecule cAMP used by Dictyostelium cells to coordinate behavior in cellular populations. Inspired by recent experiments, we model the Dictyostelium signaling network as an excitable system coupled to various pre-processing modules. We use this family of models to study spatially unstructured populations by constructing phase diagrams that relate the properties of population-level oscillations to parameters in the underlying biochemical network. We then extend our models to include spatial structure and show how they naturally give rise to spiral waves. Our models exhibit a wide range of novel phenomena including a density dependent frequency change, bistability, and dynamic death due to slow cAMP dynamics. Our modeling approach provides a powerful tool for bridging scales in modeling of Dictyostelium populations.

Javad Noorbakhsh; David Schwab; Allyson Sgro; Thomas Gregor; Pankaj Mehta

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy-Scalable THz-Wave Parametric Oscillator and Its Application to Scanning-Beam Terahertz-Wave Reflection Imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe an energy-scalable surface-emitted terahertz-wave parametric oscillator (TPO) with output energy that was six times higher than that of the conventional TPO....

Ikari, Tomofumi; Minamide, Hiroaki; Ito, Hiromasa

35

Thermal effects limitations in mid-infrared continuous wave optical parametric oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous-wave (cw) optical parametric oscillation (OPO) is a stringent test for the assessment of optical quality of nonlinear mid-infrared materials, because of the low intracavity loss (?1% per round-trip)...

J.-J. Zondy; A. Douillet; A. Clairon…

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Wave Energy Extraction from an Oscillating Water Column in a Truncated Circular Cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oscillating Water Column (OWC) device is a relatively practical and convenient way that converts wave energy to a utilizable form, which is usually electricity. The OWC is kept inside a fixed truncated vertical cylinder, which is a hollow structure...

Wang, Hao

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

of SOHO `Waves, Oscillations SmallScale Transient in Solar Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of SOHO `Waves, Oscillations Small­Scale Transient in Solar Atmosphere: A Joint from SOHO TRACE identified from SUMER Atlas Curdt (2001). studied shifts widths 703.87 � 8 � 4 coronal ## 706.02 �(# 6

38

Optical disk resonators with micro-wave free spectral range for optoelectronic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical disk resonators with micro-wave free spectral range for optoelectronic oscillator Herv to the resonator relaxation time = Q/ [2]. The optoelectronic delayed feed- back loop can thus oscillate at all. frequency selective resonator (e.g with a high Q factor). The detailed architecture is an optoelectronic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

PHYSICS CURRICULUM PH 101: Introductory Physics I -Mechanics, oscillations and waves (2:1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS CURRICULUM Semester 1 PH 101: Introductory Physics I - Mechanics, oscillations and waves (2:1) Physical quantities, measurements and vectors, Kinematics: Description of Motion, The Laws of Motion mechanics, Fluid mechanics, Waves-II, Nonlinear dynamics Semester 2 PH 102: Introductory Physics II

Srinivasan, N.

40

Coupled-Oscillator Arrays for Millimeter-Wave Power-Combining and Mode-Locking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1. INTRODUCTION Obtaining useful levels of power from solid-state millimeter- wave systems trains of high-energy pulses. This new operation is based on a mode- locking technique similarIF1 P-1 Coupled-Oscillator Arrays for Millimeter-Wave Power-Combining and Mode-Locking Robert A

York, Robert A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Standing Wave on a String as an Oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the usual treatment of waves in introductory courses one begins with traveling waves and the frequency/wavelength relationship f??=?v where v is the wave velocity. One then makes the point about superposition and shows that two waves traveling in opposite directions can add up to a standing wave; Eq. (1) still applies. This approach is problematic in two ways: (1) The motion being described standing waves has no apparent “velocity ” and so it seems unnecessarily complex—perhaps unreasonably complex—to construct it out of moving waves; (2) It is not easy to derive the formula for the velocity of waves especially for an audience without calculus or without multi-variate calculus (the wave equation).

Michael Sobel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Residential propane prices surges  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane prices surges The average retail price for propane rose to an all-time high of 4.01 a gallon, that's up 1.05 from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey...

43

Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy Annette R. Grilli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy at least one short-stroke linear generator (SSLG), made of a magnet, suspended to a spring, and oscillating within a coil. This system is aimed at producing low and renewable wave power (up to ¢ £ ¤ ¥ k

Grilli, Stéphan T.

44

Annular wave packets at Dirac points and probability oscillation in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave packets in graphene whose central wave vector is at Dirac points are investigated by numerical calculations. Starting from an initial Gaussian function, these wave packets form into annular peaks that propagate to all directions like ripple-rings on water surface. At the beginning, electronic probability alternates between the central peak and the ripple-rings and transient oscillation occurs at the center. As time increases, the ripple-rings propagate at the fixed Fermi speed, and their widths remain unchanged. The axial symmetry of the energy dispersion leads to the circular symmetry of the wave packets. The fixed speed and widths, however, are attributed to the linearity of the energy dispersion. Interference between states that respectively belong to two branches of the energy dispersion leads to multiple ripple-rings and the probability-density oscillation. In a magnetic field, annular wave packets become confined and no longer propagate to infinity. If the initial Gaussian width differs greatly from the magnetic length, expanding and shrinking ripple-rings form and disappear alternatively in a limited spread, and the wave packet resumes the Gaussian form frequently. The probability thus oscillates persistently between the central peak and the ripple-rings. If the initial Gaussian width is close to the magnetic length, the wave packet retains the Gaussian form and its height and width oscillate with a period determined by the first Landau energy. The wave-packet evolution is determined jointly by the initial state and the magnetic field, through the electronic structure of graphene in a magnetic field.

Ji Luo; Junqiang Lu; Daniel Valencia

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

45

Control of traveling-wave oscillations and bifurcation behavior in central pattern generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding synchronous and traveling-wave oscillations, particularly as they relate to transitions between different types of behavior, is a central problem in modeling biological systems. Here, we address this problem in the context of central pattern generators (CPGs). We use contraction theory to establish the global stability of a traveling-wave or synchronous oscillation, determined by the type of coupling. This opens the door to better design of coupling architectures to create the desired type of stable oscillations. We then use coupling that is both amplitude and phase dependent to create either globally stable synchronous or traveling-wave solutions. Using the CPG motor neuron network of a leech as an example, we show that while both traveling and synchronous oscillations can be achieved by several types of coupling, the transition between different types of behavior is dictated by a specific coupling architecture. In particular, it is only the “repulsive” but not the commonly used phase or rotational coupling that can explain the transition to high-frequency synchronous oscillations that have been observed in the heartbeat pattern generator of a leech. This shows that the overall dynamics of a CPG can be highly sensitive to the type of coupling used, even for coupling architectures that are widely believed to produce the same qualitative behavior.

Alexandra S. Landsman and Jean-Jacques Slotine

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

46

Surge-damping vacuum valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A valve having a mechanism for damping out flow surges in a vacuum system which utilizes a slotted spring-loaded disk positioned adjacent the valve's vacuum port. Under flow surge conditions, the differential pressure forces the disk into sealing engagement with the vacuum port, thereby restricting the flow path to the slots in the disk damping out the flow surge.

Bullock, Jack C. (Pleasanton, CA); Kelly, Benjamin E. (Tracy, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

The Oscillating Water Column Wave-energy Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......length the maximum possible efficiency is 50, and that for the three-dimensional...expression is obtained for the efficiency of wave-energy absorption...length the maximum possible efficiency is 50%, and that for the...valve connected to a small turbine. This idea has been successfully......

D. V. EVANS

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Lecture 11, Corona Waves, Oscillations and Mass Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Coronal Waves: Seismological Tools Wei Liu @Stanford-Lockheed 15 Three types of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD fronts) to correct for the sphericity of the Sun; 2. Space-time diagram; 3. Base difference-Lockheed 20 #12;11 Steep stripes at ~2000 km/s Velocity fits on space-time diagrams Wei Liu @Stanford

49

High conductance surge cable  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical cable for connecting transient voltage surge suppressors to electrical power panels. A strip of electrically conductive foil defines a longitudinal axis, with a length of an electrical conductor electrically attached to the metallic foil along the longitudinal axis. The strip of electrically conductive foil and the length of an electrical conductor are covered by an insulating material. For impedance matching purposes, triangular sections can be removed from the ends of the electrically conductive foil at the time of installation. 6 figs.

Murray, M.M.; Wilfong, D.H.; Lomax, R.E.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

50

High conductance surge cable  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical cable for connecting transient voltage surge suppressers to ectrical power panels. A strip of electrically conductive foil defines a longitudinal axis, with a length of an electrical conductor electrically attached to the metallic foil along the longitudinal axis. The strip of electrically conductive foil and the length of an electrical conductor are covered by an insulating material. For impedance matching purposes, triangular sections can be removed from the ends of the electrically conductive foil at the time of installation.

Murray, Matthew M. (Espanola, NM); Wilfong, Dennis H. (Brooksville, FL); Lomax, Ralph E. (Santa Fe, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A computational study of compressor surge during transient operation of turbocharged diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transient response of turbocharged diesel engines is of great importance, especially when compressor surge is likely to occur. Turbocharger compressor surge is a dynamic instability mode that can generate air mass flow rate and pressure rise oscillations of large amplitude, and may also induce severe torsional loading to the turbocharger shaft. In this paper, an effort is made to study by simulation the effect of various parameters on the compressor surge behaviour. By varying these parameters, it can be revealed how compressor surge is affected and how surge intensity is influenced. To this aim, a simulation program developed is used for transient operation runs, which are critical for surge appearance. This has been applied on a six-cylinder, diesel engine of marine duty. The model has a control-design oriented philosophy and is capable of identifying the impact of each parameter on compressor surge. Thus, it can prove a useful tool to the engine designer.

C.D. Rakopoulos; C.N. Michos; E.G. Giakoumis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Super-radiant backward-wave oscillators with enhanced power conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a method for a very significant increase of the peak power of a backward-wave electron oscillator operating in the non-stationary regime of the super-radiation of short rf pulses. This method is based on sectioning: a regular self-oscillator section is supported with a section providing amplification of the super-radiant pulse. Profiling of a resonant parameter in the amplifying section is used to avoid the parasitic self-excitation and to increase the efficiency of the electron-wave interaction. In such systems, the conversion factor (the ratio between the rf pulse power and the electron beam power) can achieve a few hundred percent.

Rostov, V. V. [Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Savilov, A. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, and Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Effect of non-uniform slow wave structure in a relativistic backward wave oscillator with a resonant reflector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a fresh insight into the effect of non-uniform slow wave structure (SWS) used in a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) with a resonant reflector. Compared with the uniform SWS, the reflection coefficient of the non-uniform SWS is higher, leading to a lower modulating electric field in the resonant reflector and a larger distance to maximize the modulation current. Moreover, for both types of RBWOs, stronger standing-wave field takes place at the rear part of the SWS. In addition, besides Cerenkov effects, the energy conversion process in the RBWO strongly depends on transit time effects. Thus, the matching condition between the distributions of harmonic current and standing wave field provides a profound influence on the beam-wave interaction. In the non-uniform RBWO, the region with a stronger standing wave field corresponds to a higher fundamental harmonic current distribution. Particle-in-cell simulations show that with a diode voltage of 1.02 MV and beam current of 13.2 kA, a microwave power of 4 GW has been obtained, compared to that of 3 GW in the uniform RBWO.

Chen, Changhua; Xiao, Renzhen; Sun, Jun; Song, Zhimin; Huo, Shaofei; Bai, Xianchen; Shi, Yanchao; Liu, Guozhi [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)] [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Probing neutrino oscillations from supernovae shock waves via the IceCube detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The time dependent neutrino oscillation signals due to the passage of a shock wave through the supernovae are analyzed for the case of three active neutrinos and also for the case that there are two additional sterile neutrinos. It is shown that, even without flavor identification and energy measurement, detailed information about the masses and mixing angles of the neutrinos may be obtained with a detector with excellent time resolution such as IceCube. Such a signal would also give important information about the nature of the shock wave within the supernovae.

Sandhya Choubey; N. P. Harries; G. G. Ross

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

55

Multi-pulse operation of a super-radiant backward-wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theory of a backward-wave electron oscillator operating in the non-stationary regime of super-radiation of short powerful rf pulses is developed. It is shown that there exist multi-frequency regimes of generation of either two-peak or three-peak output signal with different characteristic frequencies in every peak. The use of such regimes allows increasing the duration, the peak power, and the total energy of the output super-radiation rf pulse.

Bandurkin, I. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Ulyanov St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation); Savilov, A. V. [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 46 Ulyanov St., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation); Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

MHK Technologies/Yu Oscillating Generator YOG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscillating Generator YOG Oscillating Generator YOG < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Yu Oscillating Generator YOG.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Yu Energy Corp Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description By harnessing force located on top of the device s mast Known as a form of actuator You would get a levered mechanical gain converted to torque for a period of time oscillating the lower half side to side The lower half will then drive a turbine producing power As it slows due to resistance the actuator will harness force again to drive the device Making up for any loss motion do to resistance

57

MHK Technologies/Wave Energy Conversion Activator WECA | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activator WECA Activator WECA < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Energy Conversion Activator WECA.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Daedalus Informatics Ltd Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description The full scale WECA design is ideally fabricated with steel so as to be suitable for mounting on the run up wall of breakwaters or other rigid or floating structures The oscillating wave surge converter absorbs most of the energy of the impacting waves and turn it into compressed air which is subsequently converted into electric power or other forms of energy The device utilizes the Critical Momentum Wedge principle where the water rushing into the device resembles a virtual Wedge of kinetic energy

58

Wave Functions and Energy Terms of the SCHRÖdinger Equation with Two-Center Coulomb Plus Harmonic Oscillator Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schr\\"odinger equation for two center Coulomb plus harmonic oscillator potential is solved by the method of ethalon equation at large intercenter separations. Asymptotical expansions for energy term and wave function are obtained in the analytical form.

D. Matrasulov

1998-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

MHK Technologies/Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization New Energy Solutions LLC Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The OCPS generator consists of a cascade of vertical hydrofoils submerged in moving water This array of hydrofoils oscillates in antiphase at resonance flutter in a slow swimming motion resulting in maximum power transfer from flowing water to electricity The system efficiently converts the oscillating mechanical energy into a steady electric current A 60 overall water to wire efficiency was demonstrated at the proof of concept test and 65 or better overall efficiency is projected using the new engineering advances incorporated since the test in the commercial model

60

Switching Surges and Air Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Switching Surges and Air Insulation B. Jones Some thirteen years ago...reduction was noticed in the strength of air insulation when subjected to slowly rising positive...collected in high voltage laboratories. Insulation against switching surges is now seen...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Robust Hurricane Surge Response Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mean-square errors of modeled versus SRF-estimated peak surge) of up to 12.5% reduction in root-mean-square errors. In addition, the new formulations improve the predictions of 65% of surge events of 2 m or greater. For the bays, the revised SRFs reduce the root...

Udoh, Ikpoto 1980-

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Storm surges, 1967–1982  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......estimated for the Gulf coast of Texas, US Army Coastal Engineering...Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, J. WatWays Harb. Div...estimated for the Gulf coast of Texas, US Army Coastal EngzneeringResearch...Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, J. WutWays Reynolds......

N. S. Heaps

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Direct measurement of density oscillation induced by a radio-frequency wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An O-mode reflectometer at a frequency of 25.85 GHz was applied to plasmas heated by the high harmonic fast wave (21 MHz) in the TST-2 spherical tokamak. An oscillation in the phase of the reflected microwave in the rf range was observed directly for the first time. In TST-2, the rf (250 kW) induced density oscillation depends mainly on the poloidal rf electric field, which is estimated to be about 0.2 kV/m rms by the reflectometer measurement. Sideband peaks separated in frequency by ion cyclotron harmonics from 21 MHz, and peaks at ion cyclotron harmonics which are suggested to be quasimodes generated by parametric decay, were detected.

Yamada, T.; Ejiri, A.; Shimada, Y.; Oosako, T.; Tsujimura, J.; Takase, Y.; Kasahara, H. [Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan); Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561 (Japan); National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Beam-loaded frequency shift study in an over-sized backward wave oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oversized backward wave oscillator (BWO) can significantly decreases the internal rf electric field in the device. The beam-loaded effect is obvious in such devices and its performance is also significantly affected. Based on the characteristics of the oversized BWO, a self-consistent equation is developed to study its beam-loaded frequency shift together with particle in cell (PIC) simulations. The mechanism whereby the output rf frequency is affected by the beam's parameters and the device's structure is theoretically studied. The frequency's dependence on the drift tube length between the reflector and SWS (slow wave structures) in the device is deduced in the paper and the theoretical results agree with those obtained in PIC simulations.

Li, Zhenghong [Science School, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Zhou, Zhigang [Science School, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China); Qiu, Rong [Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621021 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

MHK Technologies/Green Cat Wave Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Turbine Wave Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Green Cat Wave Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Cat Renewables Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Green Cat Wave Turbine employs an extremely novel yet simple mechanical coupling to drive a multi pole Direct Drive generator Recent advances in permanent magnet materials and power electronic converters have opened up this extremely straightforward conversion route Unlike a number of devices currently being investigated this configuration enables maximum energy capture from both vertical and horizontal sea motions swell and surge respectively

66

MHK Technologies/bioWave | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bioWave bioWave < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage BioWave.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization BioPower Systems Pty Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/bioWAVE Pilot Plant Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description TThe bioWAVE is based on the swaying motion of sea plants in the presence of ocean waves. The hydrodynamic interaction of the buoyant blades with the oscillating flow field is designed for maximum energy absorption. Mooring Configuration Gravity base Optimum Marine/Riverline Conditions 30 to 50M depth 20kW m wave climate or greater

67

Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in polarisation-maintaining optical fibre  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in a polarisation-maintaining optical fibre has been achieved for the first time using polarisation phase matching. Up-conversion with a frequency shift of {approx}8.6 THz has been demonstrated experimentally. The single-pass optical power generated at 1017 nm in a 85-m-long Nufern PM980-XP fibre exceeded 40 mW. The conversion efficiency was 3.3%, which is an order of magnitude higher than that reported previously for cw parametric up-conversion in the 1-{mu}m spectral region. We compare theoretical predictions with experimental data and analyse factors that may influence output power saturation with increasing signal and pump powers.

Zlobina, E A; Kablukov, S I; Babin, Sergei A [Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

68

Oscillating modulation to B-mode polarization from varying propagating speed of primordial gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In low-energy effective string theory and modified gravity theories, the propagating speed $c_T$ of primordial gravitational waves may deviate from unity. We find that the step-like variation of $c_T$ during slow-roll inflation may result in an oscillating modulation to the B-mode polarization spectrum, which can hardly be imitated by adjusting other cosmological parameters, and the intensity of the modulation is determined by the dynamics of $c_T$. Thus provided that the foreground contribution is under control, high-precision CMB polarization observations will be able to put tight constraint on the variation of $c_T$, and so the corresponding theories.

Cai, Yong; Piao, Yun-Song

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Definition: Surge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surge Surge Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Surge A transient variation of current, voltage, or power flow in an electric circuit or across an electric system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical engineering, spikes are fast, short duration electrical transients in voltage (voltage spikes), current (current spikes), or transferred energy (energy spikes) in an electrical circuit. Fast, short duration electrical transients in the electric potential of a circuit are typically caused by Lightning strikes Power outages Tripped circuit breakers Short circuits Power transitions in other large equipment on the same power line Malfunctions caused by the power company Electromagnetic pulses (EMP) with electromagnetic energy distributed typically up to the 100 kHz and 1 MHz frequency range. Inductive spikes

70

Protective measurement of the wave function of a single squeezed harmonic-oscillator state Orly Alter and Yoshihisa Yamamoto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protective measurement of the wave function of a single squeezed harmonic-oscillator state Orly University, Stanford, California 94305 Received 15 November 1995 A scheme for the ``protective measurement. This protective measurement is shown to be equivalent to a measurement of an ensemble of states. The protective

Utah, University of

71

ULYSSES DETECTS LONG-SOUGHT WAVE MOTIONS OF THE SUN Periodic oscillations originating from deep within the Sun's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULYSSES DETECTS LONG-SOUGHT WAVE MOTIONS OF THE SUN Periodic oscillations originating from deep within the Sun's interior have been detected for the first time in interplanetary space by the Ulysses mission to the poles of the Sun. The discovery was reported in this week's issue of Nature magazine

Christian, Eric

72

MHK Technologies/Wave Roller | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Roller Roller < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Roller.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization AW Energy Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Peniche Portugal *MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description A WaveRoller device is a plate anchored on the sea bottom by its lower part. The back and forth movement of surge moves the plate, and the kinetic energy produced is collected by a piston pump. This energy can be converted to electricity by a closed hydraulic system in combination with a hydraulic motor/generator system. Upgrade to No3 is more powerful hyraulic componets.

73

Extreme Hurricane Surge Estimation for Texas Coastal Bridges Using Dimensionless Surge Response Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................... 50 6.1 Surge Response Function Advancements ............................... 50 6.2 Validation and Justification of the SRF Methodology for Hurricane Flood Probability Analysis .................................... 58 VII... of the Peak Surges from Surge Response Function Predictions with High Water Mark Observations .... 63 7.3 Hurricane Ike Description ....................................................... 67 7.4 Comparison of the Extreme Surges from SRF Predictions...

Song, Youn Kyung

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

74

MHK Technologies/WEGA wave energy gravitational absorber | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WEGA wave energy gravitational absorber WEGA wave energy gravitational absorber < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage WEGA wave energy gravitational absorber.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Sea for Life Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The WEGA device is an articulated suspended body semi submerged attached to a mount structure that oscillates in an elliptical orbit with the passage of the waves The movement of the body drives an hydraulic cylinder which pushes high pressure fluid through an accumulator and an hydraulic motor driving the generator that produces energy The articulated body attaches to the mount structure through a rotary head which allows it to adapt to the direction wave propagation Multiple devices can be placed on a single mount structure according to the size and place of the structure

75

A high-energy, low-threshold tunable intracavity terahertz-wave parametric oscillator with surface-emitted configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high-energy, low-threshold THz-wave output has been experimentally demonstrated with an intracavity terahertz-wave parametric oscillator based on a surface-emitted configuration, which was pumped by a diode-side-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Different beam sizes and repetition rates of the pump light have been investigated for high-energy and high-efficiency THz-wave generation. The maximum THz-wave output energy of 283 nJ/pulse was obtained at 1.54 THz under an intracavity 1064 nm pump energy of 59 mJ. The conversion efficiency was 4.8 ? 10?6, corresponding to a photon conversion efficiency of 0.088%. The pump threshold was 12.9 mJ/pulse. A continuously tunable range from 0.75 to 2.75 THz was realized.

Y Y Wang; D G Xu; H Jiang; K Zhong; J Q Yao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

THE KINEMATICS AND PLASMA PROPERTIES OF A SOLAR SURGE TRIGGERED BY CHROMOSPHERIC ACTIVITY IN AR11271  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe a solar surge in NOAA AR11271 using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 304 A image data on 2011 August 25. The surge rises vertically from its origin up to a height of Almost-Equal-To 65 Mm with a terminal velocity of Almost-Equal-To 100 km s{sup -1}, and thereafter falls and fades gradually. The total lifetime of the surge was Almost-Equal-To 20 minutes. We also measure the temperature and density distribution of the observed surge during its maximum rise and find an average temperature and a density of 2.0 MK and 4.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}, respectively. The temperature map shows the expansion and mixing of cool plasma lagging behind the hot coronal plasma along the surge. Because SDO/HMI temporal image data do not show any detectable evidence of significant photospheric magnetic field cancellation for the formation of the observed surge, we infer that it is probably driven by magnetic-reconnection-generated thermal energy in the lower chromosphere. The radiance (and thus the mass density) oscillations near the base of the surge are also evident, which may be the most likely signature of its formation by a reconnection-generated pulse. In support of the present observational baseline of the triggering of the surge due to chromospheric heating, we devise a numerical model with conceivable implementation of the VAL-C atmosphere and a thermal pulse as an initial trigger. We find that the pulse steepens into a slow shock at higher altitudes which triggers plasma perturbations exhibiting the observed features of the surge, e.g., terminal velocity, height, width, lifetime, and heated fine structures near its base.

Kayshap, P.; Srivastava, Abhishek K. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India)] [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Murawski, K., E-mail: kmur@kft.umcs.lublin.pl [Group of Astrophysics, UMCS, ul. Radziszewskiego 10, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

77

Computation of generalized and exact dispersion relations for longitudinal plasma waves in nonextensive statistics and the effects of the nonextensivity on the oscillation modes and damps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have derived generalized dispersion relations for longitudinal waves in collisionless thermal plasma using linear Vlasov-Poisson kinetic model and nonextensive distributions for electrons. The Maxwellian limit of the dispersion relations, where the q-nonextensive parameter tends to one, is calculated. The generalized dispersion relations are reduced to polynomials for some specific values of q. The well-known modes of oscillations such as the Langmuir and electron acoustic waves have been obtained by solving the dispersion relations. Some new modes of oscillation are also found. Finally, the dependence of the oscillation modes and damps on q is discussed.

Esfandyari-Kalejahi, A.; Ebrahimi, V. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

PERSISTENT DOPPLER SHIFT OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED WITH HINODE/EIS IN THE SOLAR CORONA: SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNATURES OF ALFVENIC WAVES AND RECURRING UPFLOWS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using data obtained by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode, we have performed a survey of obvious and persistent (without significant damping) Doppler shift oscillations in the corona. We have found mainly two types of oscillations from February to April in 2007. One type is found at loop footpoint regions, with a dominant period around 10 minutes. They are characterized by coherent behavior of all line parameters (line intensity, Doppler shift, line width, and profile asymmetry), and apparent blueshift and blueward asymmetry throughout almost the entire duration. Such oscillations are likely to be signatures of quasi-periodic upflows (small-scale jets, or coronal counterpart of type-II spicules), which may play an important role in the supply of mass and energy to the hot corona. The other type of oscillation is usually associated with the upper part of loops. They are most clearly seen in the Doppler shift of coronal lines with formation temperatures between one and two million degrees. The global wavelets of these oscillations usually peak sharply around a period in the range of three to six minutes. No obvious profile asymmetry is found and the variation of the line width is typically very small. The intensity variation is often less than 2%. These oscillations are more likely to be signatures of kink/Alfven waves rather than flows. In a few cases, there seems to be a {pi}/2 phase shift between the intensity and Doppler shift oscillations, which may suggest the presence of slow-mode standing waves according to wave theories. However, we demonstrate that such a phase shift could also be produced by loops moving into and out of a spatial pixel as a result of Alfvenic oscillations. In this scenario, the intensity oscillations associated with Alfvenic waves are caused by loop displacement rather than density change. These coronal waves may be used to investigate properties of the coronal plasma and magnetic field.

Tian Hui; McIntosh, Scott W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); De Pontieu, Bart [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover St., Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Innes, Davina E.; Peter, Hardi, E-mail: htian@ucar.edu [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

79

A continuous-wave second harmonic gyrotron oscillator at 460 GHz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the short pulse and CW operation of a 460 GHz gyrotron oscillator both at the fundamental (near 230 GHz) and second harmonic (near 460 GHz) of electron cyclotron resonance. During operation in a complete CW regime ...

Hornstein, Melissa K. (Melissa Kristen), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Tunability over three frequency bands induced by mode transition in relativistic backward wave oscillator with strong end reflections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an efficient approach to realizing the frequency tunability of a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) over three frequency bands by mode transition without changing the slow wave structure (SWS). It is figured out that the transition of the operation mode in the RBWO can be efficiently achieved by using the strong end reflection of the SWS. This mode transition results in the tunability of the RBWO over three frequency bands at high power and high efficiency without changing the SWS. In numerical simulation, the output frequency of the RBWO can jump over 7.9?GHz in C-band, 9.9?GHz in X-band, and 12.4?GHz in Ku-band with output power exceeding 3.0?GW and conversion efficiency higher than 35% by just reasonably transforming the structures of the front and post resonant reflectors which provide the strong end reflection for the SWS.

Wu, Ping; Deng, Yuqun [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Fan, Juping; Teng, Yan; Shi, Yanchao; Sun, Jun [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

MOV surge arresters: improved substation equipment protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of metal-oxide-varistor (MOV) surge arresters has added a new dimension to substation equipment protection. Through the optimal use of these arresters, it is possible to lower surge arrester ratings and thereby improve protective margins, resulting in a possible reduction of the insulation levels (BIL) of substation equipment. This reduction in BIL can lead to a significant reduction in the cost of substation equipment. General methods are delineated for selecting MOV surge arresters for substation protection and the resulting effect on substation equipment insulation levels.

Niebuhr, W.D.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

MHK Technologies/WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage WaveBlanket PolymerMembrane.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Wind Waves and Sun Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description WaveBlanket could be called the accordion of the sea Poetically speaking It is simply a bellows played upon by the swells of the ocean WaveBlanket is a flexible polymer membrane which uses air pressure rather than steel to achieve its lateral strength and as a result produces about 1000 times more energy per unit of mass than rigid green energy designs

83

IhEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS. VOL. 4. NO. IO, OCTOBER 1994 335 A Varactor-Tuned Patch Oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IhEE MICROWAVE AND GUIDED WAVE LETTERS. VOL. 4. NO. IO, OCTOBER 1994 335 A Varactor-Tuned Patch-tuned microstrip patch antenna and may be used as an element in quasi-optical power combining oscillator arrays resonance. In addition, the antenna can exhibit several resonances, as with a patch antenna, and thus mode

York, Robert A.

84

Comment on ``Protective measurement of the wave function of a single squeezed harmonic-oscillator state''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on ``Protective measurement of the wave function of a single squeezed harmonic, R2911 1996 claimed to consider ``protective measurements'' that we have recently introduced. We show that the measurements discussed by Alter and Yamamoto are not the protective measurements we proposed. Therefore

Vaidman, Lev

85

MHK Technologies/Nesheim Oscillating Device | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nesheim Oscillating Device Nesheim Oscillating Device < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Nesheim Oscillating Device.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ing Arvid Nesheim Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Nesheim osillating device is composed of an annular shaped floater a floating column a universal joint mechanism and an electrical generator The universal joint mechanism enables relative upwards downwards and pivotal movement between the floater and column The column is provided with an air chamber to provide buoyancy The lower end of the column is connected to an anchor on the seafloor The design of the device enables both vertical and pivotal movement between the floater and the column These features facilitate high efficiency energy capture as the device can capture different forms of motion e g vertical and horizontal The device is attached to a modular buoy system that can be arranged to minimize the mooring line forces and horizontal displacement of the device The performance of the device may be remotely monitored and controlled via a subsea cable

86

Power Surge: Uranium alloy fuel for TerraPower | Y-12 National Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Power Surge: Uranium alloy ... Power Surge: Uranium alloy ... Power Surge: Uranium alloy fuel for TerraPower Posted: July 18, 2012 - 9:45am | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 1 | 2012 Since 2010, Y-12 has provided TerraPower with technical support in the fabrication methods for uranium alloy fuel to be used in a new traveling wave nuclear reactor that can run for more than 30 years without refueling. Image of reactor power concept, used with permission of TerraPower, LLC. Y-12's nuclear expertise, expanding since the site's integral role in the Manhattan Project, is positioning the Y-12 Complex at the forefront of what Sen. Lamar Alexander repeatedly asserts is needed - "a new Manhattan Project for clean energy independence." TerraPower, a private company backed by Microsoft founder Bill Gates, is

87

Dynamic surge/swab pressure predictions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is generally accepted that the pulling and running of pipe causes pressure surges. The prediction of pressure surges is of economic importance in wells where the pressure must be examined within narrow limits to prevent lost circulation and formation-fluid influx. For these wells, the drilling engineer needs the best possible method of calculating surge pressures to drill wells with a minimum of trouble. This paper presents a dynamic surge/swab model that extends existing technology with the following features: (1) pipe and annulus pressures are coupled through the pipe elasticity; (2) longitudinal pipe elasticity and fluid viscous forces determine pipe displacement; (3) fluid properties vary as a function of temperature and pressure; and (4) formation elasticity; pipe elasticity, and cement elasticity are all used to determine the composite elastic response of the wellbore. Comparisons between the model and field data demonstrate good agreement. Data matches have been made for both water- and oil-based muds in both shallow and deep wells. Furthermore, the model matches data that had not been previously matched by other models.

Mitchell, R.F. (Enertech Engineering and Research (US))

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Modeling for surge control of centrifugal compresssors: comparison with experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con- trol design, of a centrifugal compression system is vali- dated. Compressor surge is an unwanted to centrifugal compressors. Since compressors are vari- able speed machines, and surge is commonly encoun- teredModeling for surge control of centrifugal compresssors: comparison with experiment Jan Tommy

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

89

Computer-Assisted Mapping of Pyroclastic Surges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...frequency which paralleled the declines in EOD frequency (Fig. 2a). Again, no such...oscillations. Figure 2c summarizes the changes in EOD and oscillation frequencies for the experimental...overall relation between the changes in EOD frequency and the changes in oscillation...

MICHAEL C. MALIN; MICHAEL F. SHERIDAN

1982-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

90

2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-multiple of the wavelength: n 2 L ,n 1,2,... . A vibrating string is an example of a transverse wave: its oscillation2011 Waves - 1 STANDING WAVES ON A STRING The objectives of the experiment are: · To show that standing waves can be set up on a string. · To determine the velocity of a standing wave. · To understand

Glashausser, Charles

91

Wave power extraction from a bottom-mounted oscillating water column converter with a V-shaped channel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CW Finkl. 2009 Ocean energy. Berlin, Germany...ME . 1981 Ocean wave energy conversion. New York, NY: Wiley Interscience...Justino. 1999 OWC wave energy devices with air flow...mathematical tables. New York, NY: Dover. 23 Mavrakos...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Small Business Contracts Surge from the Department of Energy...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Contracts Surge from the Department of Energy's Work in Oak Ridge | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

93

MHK Technologies/Multi Absorbing Wave Energy Converter MAWEC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Absorbing Wave Energy Converter MAWEC Absorbing Wave Energy Converter MAWEC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Multi Absorbing Wave Energy Converter MAWEC.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Leancon Wave Energy Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Leancon Real Sea Test Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description MAWEC is an OWC wave energy converter that works differently from other OWCs in that it concurrently utilizes pressure and suck. This gives the wanted effect that the vertical force on the WEC is zero when the WEC stretches over more than one wave length. The device is V-shaped and oriented perpendicular to wave direction. The device consists of a number of vertical air tubes, and when a wave passes, air is pushed into a pressure channel that sucks air out of the suck channel. During one wave period each tube (120 in total) goes through a sequence where air is first pushed into a pressure channel when the wave is rising and is later sucked from the pressure channel when the wave is falling. In this situation there is constant pressure in the pressure channel and the air flow through the turbines is constant.

94

MHK Technologies/Neptune Triton Wave | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Triton Wave Triton Wave < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Neptune Triton Wave.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Neptune Renewable Energy Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Neptune Renewable Energy 1 10 Scale Prototype Pilot Test *MHK Projects/Humber St Andrews Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Triton operates in the near-shore and consists of an axi-asymmetrical buoy attached to an A-frame piled into the sea bed. The axi-asymmetrical buoy is designed to generate a counter-phase upstream wave and a much reduced downstream wave, which maximizes capture from the wave and improves overall efficiency. In order to tune the buoy to the incident wave regime, the mass can be controlled by pumping sea water into and out of the hollow cavity inside the buoy. Power take-off is achieved via a piston and hydraulic arrangement.

95

Introducing Back-up to Active Compressor Surge Control System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a system with increased performance by taking advantage of both systems. Keywords: centrifugal compressorIntroducing Back-up to Active Compressor Surge Control System Nur Uddin Jan Tommy Gravdahl for introducing a back-up system to an active compressor surge control system is presented in this paper. Active

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

96

Modeling and Control of Surge and Rotating Stall in Compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in connection with acceleration of the compressor. Finally, a model for a centrifugal compression systemModeling and Control of Surge and Rotating Stall in Compressors Dr.ing. thesis Jan Tommy Gravdahl of rotating stall and surge in compressors. A close coupled valve is included in the Moore

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

97

Drive torque actuation in active surge control of centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an approximation of a real compression system. 1 #12;CompressorShaft Electric drive Active surge control law Shaft (1999b) or Willems and de Jager (1999). In this study, which is on compressors with electrical drives, we propose to use the electrical drive as a means of active surge control, as depicted in Figure 1.

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

98

Drive torque actuation in active surge control of centrifugal compressors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel approach to active surge control is presented for a centrifugal compressor driven by an electrical motor. The main idea of the paper is to use the drive itself for surge control. This eliminates the need for additional actuators, and has the ... Keywords: Active control, Actuators, Centrifugal compressors, Exponentially stable, Lyapunov methods, Nonlinear control

Jan Tommy Gravdahl; Olav Egeland; Svein Ove Vatland

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The role of linear and voltage-dependent ionic currents in the generation of slow wave oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inward current is not necessary for generating oscillations. Instead, a current INL that is linear. The current INL can be considered a linear approximation to the negative-conductance region of the current­voltage relation- ship of a regenerative inward current. Using a simple conductance-based model, we show that INL

Bose, Amitabha

100

On the Dynamics of Two Oscillating Cosmic Strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the spacetime interval of thenonradiated cosmic string oscillating as standing waves.The influence of string oscillations on the dynamics ofa “probe”...

T. Omarov; L. Chechin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Oscillator detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alien liquid detector employs a monitoring element and an oscillatory electronic circuit for maintaining the temperature of the monitoring element substantially above ambient temperature. The output wave form, eg., frequency of oscillation or wave shape, of the oscillatory circuit depends upon the temperaturedependent electrical characteristic of the monitoring element. A predetermined change in the output waveform allows water to be discriminated from another liquid, eg., oil. Features of the invention employing two thermistors in two oscillatory circuits include positioning one thermistor for contact with water and the other thermistor above the oil-water interface to detect a layer of oil if present. Unique oscillatory circuit arrangements are shown that achieve effective thermistor action with an economy of parts and energizing power. These include an operational amplifier employed in an astable multivibrator circuit, a discrete transistor-powered tank circuit, and use of an integrated circuit chip.

Potter, B.M.

1980-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

102

Dynamics of a horizontal cylinder oscillating as a wave energy converter about an off-centred axis.   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hydrodynamic properties of a horizontal cylinder which is free to pitch about an off-centred axis are studied and used to derive the equations of motion of a wave energy converter which extracts energy from incoming ...

Lucas, Jorge

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

103

Jordan-Schwinger map, 3D harmonic oscillator constants of motion, and classical and quantum parameters characterizing electromagnetic wave polarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we introduce a generalization of the Jauch and Rohrlich quantum Stokes operators when the arrival direction from the source is unknown {\\it a priori}. We define the generalized Stokes operators as the Jordan-Schwinger map of a triplet of harmonic oscillators with the Gell-Mann and Ne'eman SU(3) symmetry group matrices. We show that the elements of the Jordan-Schwinger map are the constants of motion of the three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator. Also, we show that generalized Stokes Operators together with the Gell-Mann and Ne'eman matrices may be used to expand the polarization density matrix. By taking the expectation value of the Stokes operators in a three-mode coherent state of the electromagnetic field, we obtain the corresponding generalized classical Stokes parameters. Finally, by means of the constants of motion of the classical three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator we describe the geometric properties of the polarization ellipse

R. D. Mota; M. A. Xicotencatl; V. D. Granados

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

104

Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves is the supporting document to the Master of Fine Arts thesis exhibition of the same title. Exhibited March 7-12 2010 in the Art and Design Gallery at the University of Kansas, Waves was comprised of a series of mixed media drawings...

LaCure, Mari Mae

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

105

MHK Technologies/GyroWaveGen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GyroWaveGen GyroWaveGen < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage GyroWaveGen.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Paradyme Systems Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description A gyro wave energy transducer is mounted on the buoyant body for translating the pendulum like motions of the buoyant body into rotational motion The gyro wave energy transducer includes a gimbal comprised of first and second frames with the first frame being pivotally mounted to the second frame and the second frame being pivotally mounted to the buoyant body A gyroscope is mounted to the first frame for rotation about an axis perpendicular to the axes of rotation of the first and second frames A motor generator is coupled to the gyroscope for maintaining a controlled rotational velocity for the gyroscope Transferring members are associated with one of the first and second frames for transferring torque of one of the first and second frames to the gyroscope about an axis that is perpendicular to that of the gyroscope which results in rotation of the other of the first and second frames An electrical generator is responsive to the relative rotational movement of the first and se

106

INSTABILITY AND SURGE DEVELOPMENT IN DEBRIS FLOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be explained by two different mechanisms. All waves that rise up near the flood crest run faster, segregation during the flow induces the concentration of boulders at the fronts, contributing to its depth, and boulders, is actually as important as the sediment concentration or the presence of water

Jellinek, Mark

107

Spin oscillations of relativistic fermions in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Dirac equation, in the field of a traveling circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field, has singular solutions, corresponding the expansion of energy in vicinity of some singular point. These solutions described relativistic fermions. States relating to these solutions are not stationary. The temporal change of average energy, momentum and spin for single and mixed states is studied in the paper. A distinctive feature of the states is the disappearance of the longitudinal component of the average spin. Another feature is the equivalence of the condition of fermion minimal energy and the classical condition of the magnetic resonance. Finding such solutions assumes the use of a transformation for rotating and co-moving frames of references. Comparison studies of solutions obtained with the Galilean and non-Galilean transformation shown that some parameters of the non-Galilean transformation may be measured in high-energy physics.

Boris V. Gisin

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

108

Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead October 19, 2010 - 12:43pm Addthis Wyoming residents can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR appliances such as clothes washers. | File photo Wyoming residents can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR appliances such as clothes washers. | File photo Lindsay Gsell What does this mean for me? Wyoming received $511,000 in Recovery Act funding for its appliance rebate program. The program has already distributed 60% of rebate funding. Wyoming's appliance rebate program, which opened in April, continues through this fall. Residents of the Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from $50 to $250.

109

Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead October 19, 2010 - 12:43pm Addthis Wyoming residents can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR appliances such as clothes washers. | File photo Wyoming residents can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR appliances such as clothes washers. | File photo Lindsay Gsell What does this mean for me? Wyoming received $511,000 in Recovery Act funding for its appliance rebate program. The program has already distributed 60% of rebate funding. Wyoming's appliance rebate program, which opened in April, continues through this fall. Residents of the Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from $50 to $250.

110

Oscillations in Ionized Gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the mercury arc, the free...to me that electric oscillations...occur, and electric waves may result...low pressure discharges in air with...In a mercury arc or a discharge with a hot...whereas the electric field in accord...

Irving Langmuir

1928-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Active surge control of centrifugal compressors using drive torque  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active surge control of centrifugal compressors using drive torque Jan Tommy Gravdahl , Olav control is presented. A centrifugal compressor driven by an electrical motor is studied, and the drive of centrifugal com- pressors, which occurs when the operating point of the compressor is located to the left

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

112

On active surge control of compressors using a mass flow Bjrnar Bhagen and Jan Tommy Gravdahl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the stable operating region of centrifugal compressors is bounded due to the occur- rence of surge. Surge of a centrifugal compressor driven by an electrical motor and the control system consists of three partsOn active surge control of compressors using a mass flow observer Bjørnar Bøhagen and Jan Tommy

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

113

Catastrophe loss modelling of storm-surge flood risk in eastern England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...series of reference locations along the coast. For the North Sea basin these extreme water levels reflect wind-driven surges superimposed...While such storms generate their highest surges in the German Bight, they can also create significant surges down the east coast...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The potential of wetlands in reducing storm surge Ty V. Wamsley a,, Mary A. Cialone a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential of wetlands in reducing storm surge Ty V. Wamsley a,Ã?, Mary A. Cialone a , Jane M to be the potential contribution of wetlands to the lowering of surges as they propagate inland from the coast. Consequently, an accurate method to quantify the effect of wetlands on coastal surge levels is required

US Army Corps of Engineers

115

Characteristics of Vector Surge Relays for Distributed Synchronous Generator Protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presented a detailed investigation on the performance characteristics if vector surge relays to detect islanding of distributed synchronous generators. A detection time versus active power imbalance curve is proposed to evaluate the relay performance. Computer simulations are used to obtain the performance curves. The concept of critical active power imbalance is introduced based on these curves. Main factors affecting the performance of the relays are analyzed. The factors investigated are voltage-dependent loads, load power factor, inertia constant of the generator, generator excitation system control mode, feeder length and R/X ratio as well as multi-distributed generators. The results are a useful guideline to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-islanding schemes based on vector surge relays for distributed generation applications.

Freitas, Walmir; Xu, Wilsun; Huang, Zhenyu; Vieira, Jose C.

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

A method of predicting surge in centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 1975 Qj/358 ABSTRACT A Method of Predicting Surge in Centrifugal Compressors (December 1975) Vijayvardhan Elchuri, B. E. , University of Bombay Directed by: Dr. Meherwan P. Boyce Theoretical prediction of off-design performance of cen... CHAPTER V Conclusions. APPENDIX A. APPENDIX B. REFERENCES. VITA. 1 2 7 7 21 29 36 53 55 59 75 78 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Typical Performance Characteristics. Centrifugal Compressor Components. Inlet Velocity Triangles at Non...

Elchuri, Vijayvardhan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Pressurizer with a mechanically attached surge nozzle thermal sleeve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal sleeve is mechanically attached to the bore of a surge nozzle of a pressurizer for the primary circuit of a pressurized water reactor steam generating system. The thermal sleeve is attached with a series of keys and slots which maintain the thermal sleeve centered in the nozzle while permitting thermal growth and restricting flow between the sleeve and the interior wall of the nozzle.

Wepfer, Robert M

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

A study of the self-oscillating jet impingement nozzle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wave and flow fluctuations that need no external input. The new oscillating jet when used for impingement surface transport was labeled the Self-Oscillating Jet Impingement Nozzle. The objectives of this research were to characterize the gains in heat...

Chinnock, Paul Scott

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the energy released in the nuclear transition. If neutrinos have...momentum p is produced in a nuclear b-decay. At time t = 0 the...neutrino oscillations in x 3 only vacuum oscillations were considered...of muon neutrinos from the accelerator complex at Fermilab. The neutrinos...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Combustor oscillation pressure stabilizer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In accordance with the objective of the present invention, the active control of unsteady combustion induced oscillations in a combustion chamber fired by a suitable fuel and oxidizer mixture, such as a hydrocarbon fuel and air mixture, is provided by restructuring and moving the position of the main flame front and thereby increasing the transport time and displacing the pressure wave further away from the in-phase relationship with the periodic heat release. The restructuring and repositioning of the main flame are achieved by utilizing a pilot flame which is pulsed at a predetermined frequency corresponding to less than about one-half the frequency of the combustion oscillation frequency with the duration of each pulse being sufficient to produce adequate secondary thermal energy to restructure the main flame and thereby decouple the heat release from the acoustic coupling so as to lead to a reduction in the dynamic pressure amplitude. The pulsating pilot flame produces a relatively small and intermittently existing flame front in the combustion zone that is separate from the oscillating main flame front but which provides the thermal energy necessary to effectively reposition the location of the oscillating main flame front out of the region in the combustion zone where the acoustic coupling can occur with the main flame and thereby effectively altering the oscillation-causing phase relationship with the heat of combustion.

Gemmen, R.S.; Richards, G.A.; Yip, M.T.J.; Robey, E.; Cully, S.R.; Addis, R.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

On the application of circular–cylindrical waves to ocean wave power absorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study derives mathematical forms for the waves radiated from a heaving, surging and swaying point source on the surface of a three dimensional ocean. The interactions between a monochromatic plane wave and monochromatic circular–cylindrical radiated waves are examined, and solutions to the time averaged power are calculated. These calculations confirm pre-existing theoretical maximum absorption lengths for both a heaving and surging point source. The derivations also lead to the definition of the amplitude, phase and form of the radiated waves required to achieve these maximums. Two experimental case studies match measured radiated wave with circular waves. These matches demonstrate a correlation between the body motions and the dominant form of radiated waves as well as higher frequency waves. The study develops three general guidelines for the design of efficient point absorber wave energy converters (PAWECs). Optimum power absorption occurs when the PAWEC radiates theoretical heave and surge waves of the appropriate amplitude and phase. Theoretical sway type waves should be minimized as these radiate energy and do not interact with the incident wave. Similarly, the radiation of higher harmonic waves should also be minimized for the same reasons.

Matthew Wypych; Lan Le-Ngoc; Keith Alexander; Alister Gardner

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Surge Nozzle NDE Specimen Mechanical Stress Improvement Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to perform a finite element analysis of a pressurized water reactor pressurizer surge nozzle mock-up to predict both the weld residual stresses created in its construction and the final stress state after the application of the Mechanical Stress Improvement Process (MSIP). Strain gages were applied to the inner diameter of the mock-up to record strain changes during the MSIP. These strain readings were used in an attempt to calculate the final stress state of the mock-up as well.

Fredette, Lee F.

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

Effect of Hospital Staff Surge Capacity on Preparedness for a Conventional Mass Casualty Event  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sztajnkrycer M, Báez AA Hospital disaster preparedness inthe Western Cape; 2008:49. Hospital Staff Surge Capacity 40.treated at the closest hospital in the Madrid, March 11,

Welzel, Tyson B; Koenig, Kristi L; Bey, Tareg; Visser, Errol

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Kelvin--Helmholtz instability in solar H-alpha surges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the evolutionary conditions for Kelvin--Helmholtz (KH) instability in a H-alpha solar surge observed in NOAA AR 8227 on 1998 May 30. The jet with speeds in the range of 45--50 km/s, width of 7 Mm, and electron number density of 3.83 x 10^{10} cm^{-3} is assumed to be confined in a twisted magnetic flux tube embedded in a magnetic field of 7 G. The temperature of the plasma flow is of the order of 10^5 K while that of its environment is taken to be 2 x 10^6 K. The electron number density of surrounding magnetized plasma has a typical for the TR/lower corona region value of 2 x 10^{9} cm^{-3}. Under these conditions, the Alfven speed inside the jet is equal to 78.3 km/s. We model the surge as a moving magnetic flux tube for two magnetic field configurations: (i) a twisted tube surrounded by plasma with homogeneous background magnetic field, and (ii) a twisted tube which environment is plasma with also twisted magnetic field. The magnetic field twist in given region is characterized by the ratio of azim...

Zhelyazkov, I; Chandra, R; Srivastava, A K; Mishonov, T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An application of Boussinesq modeling to Hurricane wave overtopping and inundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An application of Boussinesq modeling to Hurricane wave overtopping and inundation Patrick J Numerical modeling Boussinesq a b s t r a c t Wave and combined wave-and-surge overtopping was significant in this area, a Boussinesq wave model is employed. This model is shown to be accurate for the prediction

Lynett, Patrick

126

Sandia National Laboratories: Voltage Increases Up to 25 Percent...  

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127

Sandia National Laboratories: Jonathan Wierer to Present at Illuminati...  

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128

Sandia National Laboratories: Measurements of Thermal Stratification...  

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129

Sandia National Laboratories: Energy  

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130

Sandia National Laboratories: Joint Sandia-DOE-HMRC Testing of...  

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131

Sandia National Laboratories: Hope Michelsen named to Alameda...  

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132

Sandia National Laboratories: Nuclear Energy  

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133

Sandia National Laboratories: HelioVolt Modules Installed at...  

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134

Sandia National Laboratories: Global  

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135

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Energy Research Institute...  

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136

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandians on the Cover of Advanced...  

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137

Sandia National Laboratories: JBEI Updates Techno-Economic Modeling...  

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138

Sandia National Laboratories: George Wang's Invited Talk at 2013...  

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139

Sandia National Laboratories: News & Events  

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140

Sandia National Laboratories: Molten Salt Test Loop Pump Installed  

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Sandia National Laboratories: SunShot  

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142

Sandia National Laboratories: Wind Energy Manufacturing Lab Helps...  

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143

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Science & Technology Park...  

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144

Sandia National Laboratories: ECIS-I2CNER: Hydrogen Infrastructure...  

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145

Sandia National Laboratories: Partnership  

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146

Sandia National Laboratories: Contact Us  

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147

Sandia National Laboratories: Optical performance of top-down...  

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148

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia-Univ. of Minnesota (UMN...  

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149

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar  

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150

Sandia National Laboratories: U.S. Cities Quench Growing Thirst...  

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151

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor...  

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152

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia, Endicott Interconnect Technologi...  

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153

Sandia National Laboratories: Systems Analysis  

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154

Sandia National Laboratories: Facilities  

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155

Sandia National Laboratories: Introduction of Prof. David Kelley...  

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156

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Tool Determines Value of...  

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157

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Solar Energy Test System...  

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158

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Maps Multiple Paths to Cleaner...  

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159

Sandia National Laboratories: Dr. David Danielson Visit to NSTTF  

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160

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandian Todd Lane's "Pond Crash...  

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Sandia National Laboratories: Events  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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162

Sandia National Laboratories: New DOE Office of Science/BER Water...  

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163

Sandia National Laboratories: Conferences  

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164

Sandia National Laboratories: First-Ever Asian MELCOR User Group...  

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165

Sandia National Laboratories: Energy Supply Transformation Needed  

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166

Sandia National Laboratories: 2013 Domenici Public Policy Conference...  

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167

Sandia National Laboratories: Vermont and Sandia National Laboratories...  

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168

Sandia National Laboratories: Introduction of Prof. Jim Speck...  

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169

Sandia National Laboratories: Fabrication of AMI Demonstration...  

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170

Sandia National Laboratories: Renewable Energy  

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171

Sandia National Laboratories: A Model for the Nation: Promoting...  

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172

Sandia National Laboratories: CNST and Sandia Researchers Publish...  

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173

Sandia National Laboratories: Thermal Pulses for Boeing Test...  

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174

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Participated in the 3rd...  

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175

Sandia National Laboratories: Maritime Ports May Be the Next...  

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176

Sandia National Laboratories: SPIDERS Completed Its Phase 1 Operationa...  

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177

Sandia National Laboratories: One-Pot-to-Prep Biomass for Biofuels  

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178

Sandia National Laboratories: Launch of Solar Testing Site in...  

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179

Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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180

Sandia National Laboratories: SSLS Scientist Andy Armstrong Receives...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sandia National Laboratories: Hoboken Hopes To Reduce Power Outages...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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182

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Presented at the 14th Biennial...  

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183

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia to Co-Host International...  

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184

Sandia National Laboratories: Photovoltaic  

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185

Sandia National Laboratories: The National Algae Testbed Public...  

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and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

186

Sandia National Laboratories: Molten Salt Test Loop Commissioning  

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187

Sandia National Laboratories: Seminars & Conferences  

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188

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Wins Three R&D100 Awards  

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189

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia to host PV Bankability workshop...  

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190

Sandia National Laboratories: SWiFT Commissioned to Study Wind...  

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191

Sandia National Laboratories: Energy Storage  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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192

Sandia National Laboratories: ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc...  

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and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

193

Sandia National Laboratories: Climate Change Is the Subject of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

194

Sandia National Laboratories: Transportation Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

195

Sandia National Laboratories: Hoboken, New Jersey, Mayor Zimmer...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

196

Sandia National Laboratories: 2013 Electricity Storage Handbook...  

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and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

197

MHK Technologies/S D E | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SDE oscillating wave surge converter device is shore mounted where the motion of the waves causes a hydraulic platform to move back and forth Technology Dimensions Device...

198

Coherence effects in neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effect of coherent and incoherent broadening on neutrino oscillations both in vacuum and in the presence of matter (the MSW effect). We show under very general assumptions that it is not possible to distinguish experimentally neutrinos produced in some region of space as wave packets from those produced in the same region of space as plane waves with the same energy distribution. © 1995 The American Physical Society.

Ken Kiers; Shmuel Nussinov; Nathan Weiss

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Oscillator Architectures and Enhanced Frequency Synthesizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), that generates a periodic signal whose frequency is tuned by a voltage, is a key building block in any integrated circuit systems. A sine wave oscillator can be used for a built-in self testing where high...

Park, Sang Wook

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hurricane Surge Flooding Damage Assessment and Web-Based Game Development to Support K12 Education for Understanding Climate Change Impact on Hurricane Surge Flooding Damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hurricane surge floods have caused devastating damage along coastal areas all over the world. Yet many recent studies have shown that global warming could increase the hurricane flooding damage by hurricane intensification and sea level rise. Hence...

Hsu, Chih-Hung

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Wavelength-doubling optical parametric oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wavelength-doubling optical parametric oscillator (OPO) comprising a type II nonlinear optical medium for generating a pair of degenerate waves at twice a pump wavelength and a plurality of mirrors for rotating the polarization of one wave by 90 degrees to produce a wavelength-doubled beam with an increased output energy by coupling both of the degenerate waves out of the OPO cavity through the same output coupler following polarization rotation of one of the degenerate waves.

Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

202

Assessment of Inundation Risk from Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge in Northeastern Coastal National Parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of Inundation Risk from Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge in Northeastern Coastal National of inundation risk from sea level rise and storm surge in northeastern coastal national parks. Journal of Coastal Research, 00(0), 000­000. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Sea level rise and an increase

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

203

Model of Intraseasonal Oscillations in Earth’s Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We suggest a way of rationalizing intraseasonal oscillations of Earth’s atmospheric flow as four meteorologically relevant triads of interacting planetary waves, isolated from the system of all of the rest of the planetary waves. Our model is independent of the topography (mountains, etc.) and gives a natural explanation of intraseasonal oscillations in both the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres. Spherical planetary waves are an example of a wave mesoscopic system obeying discrete resonances that also appears in other areas of physics.

Elena Kartashova and Victor S. L’vov

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

Spiral Waves of Chemical Activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is tethered by an unwinding string (Fig. 1B). At p > l...minute. In its spontaneously oscillating form and its merely excitable...mentions spiral waves in the oscillating reagent on page 29 of "Investiga-tion...homogeneous chemical auto-oscillating systems" (in Russian...

Arthur T. Winfree

1972-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

205

Tide and surge energy budgets for Eastern Canadian and Northeast US waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A depth averaged barotropic model is used to quantify the effect of tides and storm surges on the energy budget for the coastal waters bordering the Northwest Atlantic. The model is first shown capable of producing realistic predictions of both tides and surges through comparison with independent sea level observations. In particular, it is shown that the model can predict tidal range with a typical RMS error of 20 cm, and realistic semi-diurnal to diurnal amplitude ratios. Storm surge hindcasts are also shown to be predicted with typical RMS errors less than 8 cm. Following successful validation of the model we produce, for the first time, spatial maps of maximum speed due to combined tide and surge (due to atmospheric forcing) current, tidal only current, and surge only current. The model is next used to examine the energy budget of the study area. It is shown that the energy flux vectors for the semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are very different. O 1 vectors tends to be more aligned with the bathymetry than the M 2 vectors. Most dissipation was found to occur in the high tide region of the Bay of Fundy. It is also shown that in the mean (i.e. over a season or a year), surges and tide–surge interaction do not play an important role in the energy budget. However, during a large surge event this is not true; surge and tide–surge interaction can have an order one impact on the energy balance. We discuss how such infrequent and unusually large events impact the nearshore environment.

N.B. Bernier; K.R. Thompson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Influence of Coastal Wetlands on Hurricane Surge and Damage with Application to Planning under Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uncertainties in the surge response arising from land cover for Texas central bays considering several land cover datasets. The uncertainties were quantified based on the mean maximum surge response and inundated area extent. Considering projected SLR...

Ferreira, Celso

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

207

Neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Solar neutrino oscillations The thermonuclear fusion reactions in the core of the Sun...dominant source of solar energy is the fusion process 4p !4 He + 2n e + 2e...related to the 4p ! 4He+2n e +2e+ fusion rate. Consequently, the theoretical...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Theoretical description based on general and exact nonextensive dispersion relations of plasma oscillation data and verification of new acoustic plasma waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, first we represent the differences between spatial and temporal dispersions and their dependence on the measurement techniques for electrostatic waves in unmagnetized collisionless plasma. Then, three different experimental data are compared to the solutions of exact nonextensive dispersion relations for electron-ion and pair plasma. The results confirm the existence of new acoustic plasma waves. Furthermore, these comparisons yield a Maxwellian and a nonextensive plasma with nonextensive parameter q larger than one, and a Maxwellian plasma with some abnormal dispersion properties.

Ebrahimi, V.; Esfandyari-Kalejahi, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Transmission line protection based on travelling waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Major problem of tripping signal of a relay based on steady state component does not warranty faster tripping schemes for protection of extra high voltage transmission lines. Proposed work has made an attempt to find solution to the problem of fault ... Keywords: postfault voltage, relaying signals, surge impedence, transmission line protection, travelling waves

Anuradha S. Deshpande; Grishma S. Shah

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Characterizing hurricane storm surge behavior in Galveston Bay using the SWAN + ADCIRC model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The SWAN + ADCIRC shallow-water circulation model, validated for Hurricane Ike (2008), was used to develop five synthetic storm surge scenarios for the upper Texas coast in which wind speed was increased and landfall location was shifted 40 km westward. The Hurricane Ike simulation and the synthetic storms were used to study the maximum water elevations in Galveston Bay, as well as the timing and behavior of surge relative to the hurricane track. Sixteen locations indicative of surge behavior in and around Galveston Bay were chosen to for analysis in this paper. Results show that water surface elevations present in Galveston Bay are dominated by the counterclockwise hurricane winds and that increasing wind speeds by 15% results in approximately 23% (+/? 3%) higher surge. Furthermore, shifting the storm westward causes higher levels of surge in the more populated areas due to more intense, higher shore-normal winds. This research helps to highlight the vulnerability of the upper Texas Gulf Coast to hurricane storm surge and lends insight to storm surge and flood mitigation studies in the Houston–Galveston region.

Antonia Sebastian; Jennifer Proft; J. Casey Dietrich; Wei Du; Philip B. Bedient; Clint N. Dawson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

UCHC Competency Checklist: ANNUAL Position Title: Registered Nurse, JDH Employee Name: Unit: _Med Surg____  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/SURG) Provides care according to the following protocols/procedures: Amiodarone: IV Infusion (Medical Stepdown Only) V Diltiazem (Cardizem) Infusion: For the Treatment of Atrial Tachyarrhythmia (Medical Stepdown Only) V Lasix IV Infusion (Medical Stepdown Only) V #12;

Oliver, Douglas L.

212

Computed tomography image using sub-terahertz waves generated from a high-T{sub c} superconducting intrinsic Josephson junction oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computed tomography (CT) imaging system using monochromatic sub-terahertz coherent electromagnetic waves generated from a device constructed from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in a single crystalline mesa structure of the high-T{sub c} superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+?} was developed and tested on three samples: Standing metallic rods supported by styrofoam, a dried plant (heart pea) containing seeds, and a plastic doll inside an egg shell. The images obtained strongly suggest that this CT imaging system may be useful for a variety of practical applications.

Kashiwagi, T., E-mail: kashiwagi@ims.tsukuba.ac.jp; Minami, H.; Kadowaki, K. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba (Japan); Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Nakade, K.; Saiwai, Y.; Kitamura, T.; Watanabe, C.; Ishida, K.; Sekimoto, S.; Asanuma, K.; Yasui, T.; Shibano, Y. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba (Japan); Tsujimoto, M. [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Yamamoto, T. [Wide Bandgap Materials Group, Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Markovi?, B. [Faculty of Sciences, University of Montenegro, George Washington Str., 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Mirkovi?, J. [Faculty of Science, University of Montenegro, and CETI, Put Radomira Ivanovica, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Klemm, R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida 32816-2385 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

213

Synoptic-scale East Asian cold surge-induced phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the way across the Pacific to regenerate near 120 W. Composite height fields in the vicinity of the cyclones indicated that changes in the longwave pattern over the Pacific accompanied the shortwave midlatitude response. The east Pacific ridge amplified... OLR anomalies over the Indian and western equatorial Pacific Oceans. Fluctuations in the windfield near the exit region of the East Asian jet were important components of the 28-72 day oscillations during the northern winter. The validity...

Sautter, David Carl

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields arfe produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap.

Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ballard, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, M. Collins (Albuquerque, NM); Marder, Barry M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Neutrino Oscillation Search Neutrino Oscillation Search  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EPS HEP 2007 MiniBooNE, Part 2: MiniBooNE, Part 2: First Results of the Muon-To-Electron First Results of the Muon-To-Electron Neutrino Oscillation Search Neutrino Oscillation...

216

Low-frequency oscillations of forced barotropic flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jin and Ghil demonstrate that for topographically resonant flow, low-frequency finite-amplitude oscillations may arise from wave -- wave interactions and topographic form drag. Their model is extended to include a zonally asymmetric vorticity source, which is shown to interact with the perturbation field to produce zonally rectified wave fluxes that dramatically alter the Hopf bifurcation from stationary solutions to low-frequency oscillations. The frequency, intensity, and general character of these oscillations are shown to depend crucially upon the phasing and relative strength of the forcings.

Nathan, T.R.; Barcilon, A. (Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States) The Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Stable local oscillator microcircuit.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report gives a description of the development of a Stable Local Oscillator (StaLO) Microcircuit. The StaLO accepts a 100MHz input signal and produces output signals at 1.2, 3.3, and 3.6 GHz. The circuit is built as a multi-chip module (MCM), since it makes use of integrated circuit technologies in silicon and lithium niobate as well as discrete passive components. The StaLO uses a comb generator followed by surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters. The comb generator creates a set of harmonic components of the 100MHz input signal. The SAW filters are narrow bandpass filters that are used to select the desired component and reject all others. The resulting circuit has very low sideband power levels and low phase noise (both less than -40dBc) that is limited primarily by the phase noise level of the input signal.

Brocato, Robert Wesley

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Standing Waves I like to start the discussion of standing waves with the demonstration of a sine wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wave oscillator attached to a string which is held fixed at the other end. We will do this demo of the oscillator from the lowest value to higher values in frequency, I can see that the string is bouncing around of the motion of the string--the string keeps oscillating back and forth with large amplitude between

Robertson, William

219

INCREASED FLEXIBILITY OF TURBO-COMPRESSORS IN NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION THROUGH DIRECT SURGE CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this Direct Surge Control project was to develop a new internal method to avoid surge of pipeline compressors. This method will safely expand the range and flexibility of compressor operations, while minimizing wasteful recycle flow at the lower end of the operating envelope. The approach is to sense the onset of surge with a probe that directly measures re-circulation at the impeller inlet. The signals from the probe are used by a controller to allow operation at low flow conditions without resorting to a predictive method requiring excessive margin to activate a recycle valve. The sensor developed and demonstrated during this project was a simple, rugged, and sensitive drag probe. Experiments conducted in a laboratory compressor clearly showed the effectiveness of the technique. Subsequent field demonstrations indicated that the increase in range without the need to recycle flow was on the order of 19% to 25%. The cost benefit of applying the direct surge control technology appears to be as much as $120 per hour per compressor for operation without the current level of recycle flow. This could amount to approximately $85 million per year for the U.S. Natural Gas Transmission industry, if direct surge control systems are applied to most pipeline centrifugal compressors.

Robert J. McKee; Shane P. Siebenaler; Danny M. Deffenbaugh

2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

220

Offshore wind project surges ahead in South Carolina | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Offshore wind project surges ahead in South Carolina Offshore wind project surges ahead in South Carolina Offshore wind project surges ahead in South Carolina October 12, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Researchers pull buoys from waters off South Carolina's coast. The buoys collected wind speed measurements for the past year. | Photo courtesy of the Center for Marine and Wetland Studies Researchers pull buoys from waters off South Carolina's coast. The buoys collected wind speed measurements for the past year. | Photo courtesy of the Center for Marine and Wetland Studies Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE 6 buoys collected wind speeds off South Carolina coast Data collected helps determine possible location for an offshore wind farm DOE funded research for early stage of project In the parking lot of Coastal Carolina University's Center for Marine and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Vids4Grids - Controls, Connectors & Surge Protectors | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grids - Controls, Connectors & Surge Protectors Grids - Controls, Connectors & Surge Protectors Vids4Grids - Controls, Connectors & Surge Protectors April 6, 2011 - 4:20pm Addthis Take a trip to Melville, New York, home of Leviton Manufacturing, and learn about lighting controls and how they effect the Smart Grid. Deborah J. Buterbaugh Energy Project Specialist at National Energy Technology Laboratory What does this mean for me? These devices are helping deliver the reliable, secure electricity that powers American life. The Vids4Grids series marches on with the next three videos in the twelve video series. The project encourages industry participation in curriculum development for power engineering, and increases general public knowledge of the power sector through the open access of YouTube. We have introduced you to advanced technologies, including superconducting

222

Offshore Wind Project Surges Ahead in South Carolina | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Offshore Wind Project Surges Ahead in South Carolina Offshore Wind Project Surges Ahead in South Carolina Offshore Wind Project Surges Ahead in South Carolina October 13, 2010 - 11:21am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE In the parking lot of Coastal Carolina University's Center for Marine and Wetland Studies (CMWS) in Conway, South Carolina, sit six buoys just back from sea. For 14 months, they were floating miles off the coasts of Myrtle Beach and Winyah Bay, as part of the Palmetto Wind Research Project in South Carolina, taking wind speed measurements for a study that could lay the foundation for an offshore wind farm. "It's been cooking along under the radar," said Paul Gayes, director of the CMWS, which partnered with local utility Santee Cooper. "We've

223

Oscillations in glow discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCILLATIONS IN GLOW DISCHARGES A Dissertation By Tom Prickett, Jr. June 1950 Approved as to style and content by Chairman of Committee OSCILLATIONS IN GLOW DISCHARGES A Dissertation By Tom Prickett, Jr* June 1950 OSCILLATIONS IN GLOW... 1950 CONTENTS Introduction ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 I. Review of Plasma Oscillations in Gas Discharges ? . . 2 II. Review of Relaxation Processes in Gas Discharges ? . 13 III. Report of Laboratory Investigation...

Prickett, Tom

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Electromagnetic interference with electronic apparatus by switching surges in GIS-cable system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thyristor malignitions and protector relay failures caused by GCB closing in the GIS of a cable system could not be controlled by reducing the ground impedance or adding surge absorbing capacitors. As a result, a study was carried out on this problem with a 66kV mock-up apparatus installed in a factory. It was found that malignitions and failures such as mentioned above could be controlled by preventing 10MHz ultra high-frequency surges emitted by the GIS from leaking out into the grounding system.

Nishiwaki, S.; Nojima, K.; Tatara, S.; Kosakada, M.; Tanabe, N.; Yanabu, S. [Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan)] [Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

High speed electrical power takeoff for oscillating water columns   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes research into electrical power takeoff mechanisms for Oscillating Water Column (OWC) wave energy devices. The OWC application is studied and possible alternatives to the existing Induction Generator ...

Hodgins, Neil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

THEROLE OF ACTIVE REGIONS IN THEGENERATION OF TORSIONAL OSCILLATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

y diagram, MHD 1. Introduction Solar torsional oscillations, discovered by Howard and LaBonte (1980 oscillations as well as their phase relationship with the sunspot butter y diagram are reproduced quite nat relationship between these torsional waves, of wavenumber #24; 2=hemisphere, and the sunspot butter y diagram

Petrovay, Kristóf

227

Influence of flavor oscillations on neutrino beam instabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the collective neutrino plasma interactions and study the electron plasma instabilities produced by a nearly mono-energetic neutrino beam in a plasma. We describe the mutual interaction between neutrino flavor oscillations and electron plasma waves. We show that the neutrino flavor oscillations are not only perturbed by electron plasmas waves but also contribute to the dispersion relation and the growth rates of neutrino beam instabilities.

Mendonça, J. T., E-mail: titomend@ist.utl.pt [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-090 São Paulo SP (Brazil); Haas, F. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91501-970 Porto Alegre RS (Brazil); Bret, A. [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain and Instituto de Investigaciones Energeticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Speed and surge control for a low order centrifugal compressor model Jan Tommy Gravdahl and Olav Egeland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speed and surge control for a low order centrifugal compressor model Jan Tommy Gravdahl and Olav of the compressor. First a low order centrifugal compressor model is presented where the states are mass ow this interaction was developed in 5] for axial compressors and in 7] for centrifugal compressors. As surge can

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

229

Tide and surge propagation off-shore in the Dowsing region of the North Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy fluxes are in the direction of the ... from north to south. Of the total energy flux 87.5% is accounted for by...2...constituent, and only 0.35% is due to long-period surges. There is no evidence of a phas...

D. T. Pugh; J. M. Vassie

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Surge Block Method for Controlling Well Clogging and Sampling Sediment during Bioremediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A surge block treatment method (i.e. inserting a solid rod plunger with a flat seal that closely fits the casing interior into a well and stocking it up and down) was performed for the rehabilitation of wells clogged with biomass and for the collection of time series sediment samples during in situ bioremediation tests for U(VI) immobilization at a the U.S. Department of Energy site in Oak Ridge, TN. The clogging caused by biomass growth had been controlled by using routine surge block treatment for18 times over a nearly four year test period. The treatment frequency was dependent of the dosage of electron donor injection and microbial community developed in the subsurface. Hydraulic tests showed that the apparent aquifer transmissivity at a clogged well with an inner diameter (ID) of 10.16 cm was increased by 8 13 times after the rehabilitation, indicating the effectiveness of the rehabilitation. Simultaneously with the rehabilitation, the surge block method was successfully used for collecting time series sediment samples composed of fine particles (clay and silt) from wells with ID 1.9 10.16 cm for the analysis of mineralogical and geochemical composition and microbial community during the same period. Our results demonstrated that the surge block method provided a cost-effective approach for both well rehabilitation and frequent solid sampling at the same location.

Wu, Wei-min [Stanford University] [Stanford University; Watson, David B [ORNL] [ORNL; Luo, Jian [Stanford University] [Stanford University; Carley, Jack M [ORNL] [ORNL; Mehlhorn, Tonia L [ORNL] [ORNL; Kitanidis, Peter K. [Stanford University] [Stanford University; Jardine, Philip [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Criddle, Craig [Stanford University] [Stanford University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Numerical Modelling of Tide-Surge Interaction in the Bay of Bengal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tropical cyclone led to severe inland flooding. This is one of the few events for which...response are correctly reproduced. A model simulation is also made of the surge that occurred...level and eyewitness accounts of inland flooding. The principal requirement for the operational...

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

On the parametric rolling of ships in a following sea under simultaneous nonlinear periodic surging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1995 Analyses on low cycle resonance of ships in astern seas. J. Soc. Naval Architects Japan 177, 197{206. IMO 1991 SLF 36/INF4, submitted by Japan, London. Kan, M. 1990 Surging of large amplitude and surf-riding of ships in following seas...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Factorial Analysis of Storm Surge Flooding in Barrow, Alaska AMANDA H. LYNCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Factorial Analysis of Storm Surge Flooding in Barrow, Alaska AMANDA H. LYNCH School of Geography for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado PETTERI UOTILA School Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado LIAN

Liu, Paul

234

Simulation of a North American Monsoon Gulf Surge Event and Comparison to Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001; * Current affiliation: National Center for Atmospheric Re- search,1 Boulder, Colorado. 1. NEWMAN* AND RICHARD H. JOHNSON Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado (Manuscript received 18 August 2011, in final form 27 February 2012) ABSTRACT Gulf surges

Johnson, Richard H.

235

Sensitivity of the wind stress and storm surges to surface drag  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 29 April 2009 , CD zU ln~ #12;Background Air-Sea Interaction High and/or extreme wind speeds , CD ? #12;Background Air-Sea Interaction High and/or extreme wind speeds ­ Dynamics Sensitivity High and/or extreme wind speeds ­ Dynamics Sensitivity of the wind stress and storm surges to surface

Vries, Hans de

236

Multigraph Conditions for Multistability, Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[10]. Some common biochemical oscillators, such as calcium oscillations [11] and glycolytic of both. Many biochemical oscillator models contain an auto- catalytic loop, which occurs when

Craciun, Gheorghe

237

Nonlinear Xenon Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Space-independent xenon oscillations are linearly unstable at high neutron flux, ... coefficient is too small. These linearly unstable oscillations typically develop into stable limit cycles when nonlinear neutro...

David L. Hetrick

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenology of solar, atmospheric, supernova and laboratory neutrino oscillations is described. Analytical formulae for matter effects are reviewed. The results from oscillations are confronted with neutrinoless double beta decay.

G. Rajasekaran

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

239

SOLAR H{alpha} OSCILLATIONS FROM INTENSITY AND DOPPLER OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chromospheric wave activity around flares and filaments has been a research focus for years, and could provide indirect measurements of local conditions that are not otherwise accessible. One interesting observed phenomenon is oscillations in filaments, activated by distant flares and the large-scale waves they produce. Characteristics of these oscillations, such as periods, amplitudes, and lifetimes, can provide unique information about the filament. We measure oscillation properties in flares and filaments from H{alpha} chromospheric data using a new method that provides important spatial and frequency content of the dynamics. We apply the method to two flare events where filaments are observed to oscillate and determine their properties. We find strong oscillatory signal in flaring active regions in the chromosphere over a range of frequencies. Two filaments are found to oscillate without any detectable chromospheric wave acting as an activation mechanism. We find that filaments oscillate with periods of tens of minutes, but variations are significant at small spatial scales along the filamentary region. The results suggest that there is a frequency dependence of the oscillation amplitude, as well as a spatial dependence along single filaments that is more difficult to quantify. It also appears that the strength of the oscillations does not necessarily depend on the strength of the trigger, although there are other possible effects that make this conclusion preliminary. Applications of this technique to other events and different data sets will provide important new insights into the local energy densities and magnetic fields associated with dynamic chromospheric structures.

Jackiewicz, Jason [New Mexico State University, Department of Astronomy, P.O. Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States)] [New Mexico State University, Department of Astronomy, P.O. Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Balasubramaniam, K. S., E-mail: jasonj@nmsu.edu [Space Vehicles Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM 87114 (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Wave-wave interactions in solar type III radio bursts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high time resolution observations from the STEREO/WAVES experiment show that in type III radio bursts, the Langmuir waves often occur as localized magnetic field aligned coherent wave packets with durations of a few ms and with peak intensities well exceeding the strong turbulence thresholds. Some of these wave packets show spectral signatures of beam-resonant Langmuir waves, down- and up-shifted sidebands, and ion sound waves, with frequencies, wave numbers, and tricoherences satisfying the resonance conditions of the oscillating two stream instability (four wave interaction). The spectra of a few of these wave packets also contain peaks at f{sub pe}, 2f{sub pe} and 3 f{sub pe} (f{sub pe} is the electron plasma frequency), with frequencies, wave numbers and bicoherences (computed using the wavelet based bispectral analysis techniques) satisfying the resonance conditions of three wave interactions: (1) excitation of second harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of two oppositely propagating Langmuir waves, and (2) excitation of third harmonic electromagnetic waves as a result of coalescence of Langmuir waves with second harmonic electromagnetic waves. The implication of these findings is that the strong turbulence processes play major roles in beam stabilization as well as conversion of Langmuir waves into escaping radiation in type III radio bursts.

Thejappa, G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); MacDowall, R. J. [NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771 (United States)

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Slime mould electronic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct electronic oscillator from acellular slime mould Physarum polycephalum. The slime mould oscillator is made of two electrodes connected by a protoplasmic tube of the living slime mould. A protoplasmic tube has an average resistance of 3~MOhm. The tube's resistance is changing over time due to peristaltic contractile activity of the tube. The resistance of the protoplasmic tube oscillates with average period of 73~sec and average amplitude of 0.6~MOhm. We present experimental laboratory results on dynamics of Physarum oscillator under direct current voltage up to 15~V and speculate that slime mould P. polycephalum can be employed as a living electrical oscillator in biological and hybrid circuits.

Adamatzky, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Neutrino oscillations in a turbulent plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new model for the joint neutrino flavor and plasma oscillations is introduced, in terms of the dynamics of the neutrino flavor polarization vector in a plasma background. Fundamental solutions are found for both time-invariant and time-dependent media, considering slow and fast variations of the electron plasma density. The model is shown to be described by a generalized Hamiltonian formalism. In the case of a broad spectrum of electron plasma waves, a statistical approach indicates the shift of both equilibrium value and frequency oscillation of flavor coherence, due to the existence of a turbulent plasma background.

Mendonça, J. T. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-090 Brazil and IPFN, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)] [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05508-090 Brazil and IPFN, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Haas, F. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba PR, CEP 81531-990 (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba PR, CEP 81531-990 (Brazil)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Changes in the occurrence of storm surges around the United Kingdom under a future climate scenario using a dynamic storm surge model driven by the Hadley Centre climate models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...?A potential consequence of climate change is an alteration of the frequency of extreme coastal storm surge events. It is these extreme events which, from an impacts point of view, will be of more concern than...

J. A. Lowe; J. M. Gregory; R. A. Flather

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Slow magnetohydrodynamic waves in the solar atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves and oscillations in the solar plasma organized by Robert Erdelyi...waves at a magnetic interface. Solar Phys. 69, 1981a 27-38...Cram1981bpp. 369-383. Eds. New Mexico:Sunspot, Sacramento Peak...Magnetohydrodynamic waves. In Solar system magnetic fields E.R...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Hydrodynamic principles of wave power extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Based on statistical data, Thorpe [12] has estimated the wave power potential along various...and K. Budal1982Wave-power absorption by parallel...de2008Phase control through load control of oscillating-body...and C. C. Mei2009Wave power extraction by a compact...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Energy Report: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Surges,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Report: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Surges, Supporting Jobs and Diversifying U.S. Energy Economy Energy Report: U.S. Wind Energy Production and Manufacturing Surges, Supporting Jobs and Diversifying U.S. Energy Economy August 14, 2012 - 9:00am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department released a new report today highlighting strong growth in the U.S. wind energy market in 2011, increasing the U.S. share of clean energy and supporting tens of thousands of jobs, and underscoring the importance of continued policy support and clean energy tax credits to ensure that the manufacturing and jobs associated with this booming global industry remain in America According to the 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report, the United States remained one

247

EMI/RFI and Power Surge Withstand Guidance for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the regulatory guidance implemented by U.S. NRC for minimizing malfunctions and upsets in safety-related instrumentation and control (I and C) systems in nuclear power plants caused by electromagnetic interference (EMI), radio-frequency interference (RFI), and power surges. The engineering design, installation, and testing practices deemed acceptable to U.S. NRC are described in Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.180, ''Guidelines for Evaluating Electromagnetic and Radio-Frequency in Safety-Related Instrumentation and Control Systems'' (January 2000) and in a Safety Evaluation Report (SER) endorsing EPRI TR-102323, ''Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing in Power Plants,'' (April 1996). These engineering practices provide a well-established, systematic approach for ensuring electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and surge withstand capability (SWC).

Ewing, PD

2001-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

248

MHK Projects/SurgeWEC Ocean Testing 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SurgeWEC Ocean Testing 1 SurgeWEC Ocean Testing 1 < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.9574,"lon":-75.6241,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

249

A hybrid inventory management system respondingto regular demand and surge demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a hybrid policy for a stochastic inventory system facing regular demand and surge demand. The combination of two different demand patterns can be observed in many areas, such as healthcare inventory and humanitarian supply chain management. The surge demand has a lower arrival rate but higher demand volume per arrival. The solution approach proposed in this paper incorporates the level crossing method and mixed integer programming technique to optimize the hybrid inventory policy with both regular orders and emergency orders. The level crossing method is applied to obtain the equilibrium distributions of inventory levels under a given policy. The model is further transformed into a mixed integer program to identify an optimal hybrid policy. A sensitivity analysis is conducted to investigate the impact of parameters on the optimal inventory policy and minimum cost. Numerical results clearly show the benefit of using the proposed hybrid inventory model. The model and solution approach could help healthcare providers or humanitarian logistics providers in managing their emergency supplies in responding to surge demands.

Mohammad S. Roni; Mingzhou Jin; Sandra D. Eksioglu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

“Certain Death” from Storm Surge: A Comparative Study of Household Responses to Warnings about Hurricanes Rita and Ike  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the effect of an unusual “certain death” warning message on Galveston, Harris, and Jefferson County, Texas, residents’ expectations of storm surge damage and evacuation decisions during Hurricane Ike. The effect of this message ...

Hung-Lung Wei; Michael K. Lindell; Carla S. Prater

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Non-linear Langmuir waves in a warm quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A non-linear differential equation describing the Langmuir waves in a warm quantum electron-ion plasma has been derived. Its numerical solutions of the equation show that ordinary electronic oscillations, similar to the classical oscillations, occur along with small-scale quantum Langmuir oscillations induced by the Bohm quantum force.

Dubinov, Alexander E., E-mail: dubinov-ae@yandex.ru; Kitaev, Ilya N. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center—All-Russia Scientific and Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF), 37 Mira Ave., Nizhny Novgorod region, Sarov 607188 (Russian Federation); Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (SarFTI), National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, 607186 Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region (Russian Federation)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Numerical modelling of MHD waves in the solar chromosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves and oscillations in the solar plasma organized by Robert Erdelyi...exploration of the properties of the solar chromosphere will have to rely...waves and oscillations in the solar plasma. Figure 1 (a) Magnetic...horizontal). The other three panels show the velocity times the...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Electromagnetic waves and Stokes parameters in the wake of a gravitational wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical description of electromagnetic waves in the background of a (weak) gravitational wave is presented. Explicit expressions are obtained for the Stokes parameters during the passage of a plane-fronted gravitational wave described by the Ehlers-Kundt metric. In particular, it is shown that the axis of the polarization ellipse oscillates, its ellipticity remaining constant.

Shahen Hacyan

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Physics Waves Worksheet Solutions 1. The diagram on the right shows a wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the oscillations of the string separated by 1.0 m along the wave is (a) /4 (b) /2 (c) (d) 2 Answer (b it moving upwards at maximum speed 2. A standing wave is generated on a string which is fixed at both ends, and vibrates at its fundamental frequency. The tension of the string is now increased and a new standing wave

255

Variational Calculation with Harmonic-Oscillator Eigenfunctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variational calculations play an important role in quantum mechanics particularly in determining the ground-state energy of physical systems. Didactic examples in which one can see how the exact energy and wave function are approached by using a family of trial functions are not very numerous. An example was given in a recent book [M. Moshinsky The Harmonic Oscillator in Modern Physics: From Atoms to Quarks (Gordon and Breach New York 1969)] which discusses the ground state of the hydrogen atom using as trial wave function a linear combination of harmonic-oscillator states. In the present paper we carry out a similar analysis for the ground state of a particle of mass m in a three-dimensional square-well potential. We discuss not only the approach to the exact energy when we vary the frequency and the number of oscillator states but also analyze the overlap of the exact and variational wave functions and compare the exact and approximate form factors.

V. C. Aguilera-Navarro; R. M. Méndez V.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Active-bridge oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An active bridge oscillator is formed from a differential amplifier where positive feedback is a function of the impedance of one of the gain elements and a relatively low value common emitter resistance. This use of the nonlinear transistor parameter h stabilizes the output and eliminates the need for ALC circuits common to other bridge oscillators.

Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Neutrino oscillations: Quantum mechanics vs. quantum field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A consistent description of neutrino oscillations requires either the quantum-mechanical (QM) wave packet approach or a quantum field theoretic (QFT) treatment. We compare these two approaches to neutrino oscillations and discuss the correspondence between them. In particular, we derive expressions for the QM neutrino wave packets from QFT and relate the free parameters of the QM framework, in particular the effective momentum uncertainty of the neutrino state, to the more fundamental parameters of the QFT approach. We include in our discussion the possibilities that some of the neutrino's interaction partners are not detected, that the neutrino is produced in the decay of an unstable parent particle, and that the overlap of the wave packets of the particles involved in the neutrino production (or detection) process is not maximal. Finally, we demonstrate how the properly normalized oscillation probabilities can be obtained in the QFT framework without an ad hoc normalization procedure employed in the QM approach.

Akhmedov, Evgeny Kh.; Kopp, Joachim; ,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Towards development of an incipient surge detection device for centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the centrifugal compressor does have a higher pressure ratio, the axial flow compressor has a The citations on the following pages follow the style of t. h ASME Jo 1 f E~ f po Surge Line / ( I I I I / / / / / / / ncreasin m 0 0 e '4 C4 8 0 D... parameter CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The compression of a fluid may be accomplished in many ways. In the turbomachinery field, compression of the working medium is accomplished through the use of two types of turbo-compressors: the axial flow compressor...

Hassinger, David Alan

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Quantum Rabi oscillations in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene has been theoretically shown to exhibit anomalous Rabi oscillations (AROs) far from resonance in addition to conventional Rabi oscillations close to resonance (classical light...

Enamullah; Kumar, Vipin; Kumar, Upendra; Setlur, Girish S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Optimal feedback in efficient single-cavity optical parametric oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An approach based on the description of competition of quadratic processes of merging and decomposition of quanta resulting in the formation of cnoidal waves on an effective cascade cubic Kerr-type nonlinearity is used to optimise the scheme of a single-cavity optical parametric oscillator. It is shown that the use of a feedback circuit (cavity) decreases the period of cnoidal waves produced in a nonlinear crystal, while the optimisation procedure of the transfer constant of this circuit (reflectivity of the output mirror of the cavity) is reduced to matching this period with the nonlinear crystal length. (optical parametric oscillators)

Petnikova, V M; Shuvalov, Vladimir V [International Laser Center, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Xenon oscillation in \\{SCWRs\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Xenon oscillation in Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors is analyzed in this paper. Due to the global nature of this phenomenon full-detail models are not necessary. A program system has been developed with a neutronics module – using SCALE with a cross section homogenization process – coupled to a thermal hydraulics module completed with the xenon poisoning differential equations. The two most important feedbacks – coolant temperature and Doppler – are examined separately to acquire a full picture of the nature of the oscillations. It is found that the one-pass PWR-SC and the three-pass HPLWR are stable against xenon oscillations.

T. Reiss; S. Fehér; Sz. Czifrus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Well productivity improvement using extreme overbalanced perforating and surging-case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes overbalanced perforating and surging operations as a pretreatment to hydraulic fracturing for the Romeo interval at Prudhoe Bay. Operation conditions are presented and discussed, as well as surface and bottomhole pressure measurements. Well productivity and the amount of proppant placed are compared to results in offset wells where the technique was not applied. The paper shows how the use of the technique allows placement of small, highly conductive fractures in intervals that were not previously considered fracturing candidates due to the close proximity to the gas/oil contact (GOC). The paper also shows pressure transient analysis affirming the technique as a stand-alone stimulation. It is shown that the use of extreme overbalanced perforating and surging treatments prior to hydraulic fracturing produces a substantial increase both in the success rate and the efficiency of the hydraulic fracturing operation and in the production rate of the wells that are pretreated. Finally, a comparison between pressure data and a new radial fracture propagation model shows a good match. The model demonstrates that high-energy treatment can significantly increase the extension and the height of the fracture; this was corroborated by downhole pressure measurements recorded during one overbalance treatment and by well logs.

Petitjean, L.; Coueet, B.; Abel, J.C. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Oscillating fluid power generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.

Morris, David C

2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

264

Quasivacuum solar neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss in detail solar neutrino oscillations with ?m2/E in the range [10-10,10-7]?eV2/MeV. In this range, which interpolates smoothly between the so-called “just-so” and “Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein” oscillation regimes, neutrino flavor transitions are increasingly affected by matter effects as ?m2/E increases. As a consequence, the usual vacuum approximation has to be improved through the matter-induced corrections, leading to a “quasivacuum” oscillation regime. We perform accurate numerical calculations of such corrections, using both the true solar density profile and its exponential approximation. Matter effects are shown to be somewhat overestimated in the latter case. We also discuss the role of Earth crossing and of energy smearing. Prescriptions are given to implement the leading corrections in the quasivacuum oscillation range. Finally, the results are applied to a global analysis of solar ? data in a three-flavor framework.

G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

265

Strings and Planck Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We contrast two theories which both start in one dimension at the Planck scale, viz., Quantum SuperString or M-Theory and a theory of Planck oscillations

B. G. Sidharth

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

266

Identifying the Skeleton of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in Observational Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) skeleton model offers a theoretical prediction of the MJO’s structure. Here, a method is described for identifying this structure in observational data. The method utilizes projections onto equatorial wave ...

Samuel N. Stechmann; Andrew J. Majda

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrary-profile slow-wave structure Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

copy is provided by Elsevier for the Summary: activity (desynchronized EEG') with high-frequency oscillations (beta, gamma), whereas during slow-wave... sleep, the EEG...

268

Investigation in acousto-optic laser stabilization for crystal resonator based optoelectronic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Investigation in acousto-optic laser stabilization for crystal resonator based optoelectronic to stabilize a microwave signal generated by an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO). Bulk acoustic waves at two is operating for any resonator to be inserted into the optoelectronic oscillator with a Q factor in the range 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

269

Modeling of Coastal Inundation, Storm Surge, and Relative Sea-Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of Coastal Inundation, Storm Surge, and Relative Sea- Level Rise at Naval Station Norfolk. Modeling of coastal inundation, storm surge, and relative sea-level rise at Naval Station Norfolk, Norfolk, and relative sea-level-rise (RSLR) scenarios were examined at the U.S. Naval Station, Norfolk, Virginia

US Army Corps of Engineers

270

HALF EMPTY As Men Surge Back into Computing, Women are Left Behind  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Jobs in computing Jobs in computing 1 have been a ray of light in a gloomy economy. Unemployment in the field stands at only 3.4 percent, 2 and the number of computing jobs is expected to grow more than 20 percent by 2020. 3 Many young people seem to have taken notice. After declining steeply in the mid-to-late 2000's, the number of computing degrees and certificates awarded in the U.S. has risen swiftly and almost regained the peak it attained in 2003. Is this trend a sign that the nation is tackling its shortage of talent in computer science, as some commentators have claimed? 4 Not so fast. Change the Equation's analysis of recent data on degrees and certificates in computing reveals a far more troubling picture: 5 men have surged back into computing in the past five

271

Windstorm and storm surges in Europe: loss trends and possible counter-actions from the viewpoint of an international reinsurer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...button, make use of risk-relevant exposure information...windstorm and storm surge risk are well known and available...however, windstorm risk is a subject that involves...scientists and the insurance industry have clearly...way that from them the political powers can derive clearly...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The concept of waves is an integral part of our scientif-ic culture and has nourished physicists, pure and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it is absorbed by the medium. For thermal waves, there is usually no delay in the energy conversion process, so F, oscillations of diffusing energy or particles. They have complex wave vectors and do not exhibit square), or an oscillating charge carrier density (such as a har- monically-photoexcited carrier plasma wave in a semicon

Mandelis, Andreas

273

Brownian parametric oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the stochastic dynamics of dissipative, white-noise-driven Floquet oscillators, characterized by a time-periodic stiffness. Thus far, little attention has been paid to these exactly solvable nonstationary systems, although they carry a rich potential for several experimental applications. Here, we calculate and discuss the mean values and variances, as well as the correlation functions and the Floquet spectrum. As one main result, we find for certain parameter values that the fluctuations of the position coordinate are suppressed as compared to the equilibrium value of a harmonic oscillator (parametric squeezing).

Christine Zerbe; Peter Jung; Peter Hänggi

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

HOMOLOGOUS EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET WAVES IN THE EMERGING FLUX REGION OBSERVED BY THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking advantage of the high temporal and spatial resolution of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) observations, we present four homologous extreme ultraviolet (EUV) waves within 3 hr on 2010 November 11. All EUV waves emanated from the same emerging flux region (EFR), propagated in the same direction, and were accompanied by surges, weak flares, and faint coronal mass ejections (CMEs). The waves had the basically same appearance in all EUV wavebands of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on SDO. The waves propagated at constant velocities in the range of 280-500 km s{sup -1}, with little angular dependence, which indicated that the homologous waves could be likely interpreted as fast-mode waves. The waves are supposed to likely involve more than one driving mechanism, and it was most probable that the waves were driven by the surges, due to their close timing and location relations. We also propose that the homologous waves were intimately associated with the continuous emergence and cancellation of magnetic flux in the EFR, which could supply sufficient energy and trigger the onsets of the waves.

Zheng Ruisheng; Jiang Yunchun; Yang Jiayan; Bi Yi; Hong Junchao; Yang, B.; Yang Dan, E-mail: zhrsh@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE MICROWAVE EMISSION OF SOLAR FLARES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of the microwave data, obtained in the 17 GHz channel of the Nobeyama Radioheliograph during the M1.6 flare on 2010 November 4, revealed the presence of 12.6 minute oscillations of the emitting plasma density. The oscillations decayed with the characteristic time of about 15 minutes. Similar oscillations with the period of about 13.8 minutes and the decay time of 25 minutes are also detected in the variation of EUV emission intensity measured in the 335 A channel of the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. The observed properties of the oscillations are consistent with the oscillations of hot loops observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) in the EUV spectra in the form of periodic Doppler shift. Our analysis presents the first direct observations of the slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the microwave emission of a solar flare, complementing accepted interpretations of SUMER hot loop oscillations as standing slow magnetoacoustic waves.

Kim, S.; Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakariakov, V. M., E-mail: sjkim@nro.nao.ac.jp [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

Tides, Surges and Mean Sea Level—A handbook for engineers and scientists D. T. Pugh, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1987, 472 pp, £55.50, $105.00  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Surges and Mean Sea Level-A handbook for engineers and scientists...Surges and Mean Sea Level-A handbook for engineers and scientists...Surges and Mean Sea Level-A handbook for engineers and scientists...the subtitle suggests, it does not pretend to the technical......

D.E. Cartwright

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Damped quantum harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the Lindblad theory for open quantum systems the damping of the harmonic oscillator is studied. A generalization of the fundamental constraints on quantum mechanical diffusion coefficients which appear in the master equation for the damped quantum oscillator is presented; the Schr\\"odinger and Heisenberg representations of the Lindblad equation are given explicitly. On the basis of these representations it is shown that various master equations for the damped quantum oscillator used in the literature are particular cases of the Lindblad equation and that the majority of these equations are not satisfying the constraints on quantum mechanical diffusion coefficients. Analytical expressions for the first two moments of coordinate and momentum are also obtained by using the characteristic function of the Lindblad master equation. The master equation is transformed into Fokker-Planck equations for quasiprobability distributions. A comparative study is made for the Glauber $P$ representation, the antinormal ordering $Q$ representation and the Wigner $W$ representation. It is proven that the variances for the damped harmonic oscillator found with these representations are the same. By solving the Fokker-Planck equations in the steady state, it is shown that the quasiprobability distributions are two-dimensional Gaussians with widths determined by the diffusion coefficients. The density matrix is represented via a generating function, which is obtained by solving a time-dependent linear partial differential equation derived from the master equation. Illustrative examples for specific initial conditions of the density matrix are provided.

A. Isar; A. Sandulescu

2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Force-free plasma currents driven by electromagnetic oscillations with E parallel to B  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A special superposition of oppositely propagating circularly polarized monochromatic plane waves defines a stationary electromagnetic oscillation in a cavity, with E parallel to B. Inside a plasma, this type of oscillation induces an ac current J that is parallel to the magnetic field B, and is hence force free. In the low-frequency limit, a transient dc plasma current is driven by the special oscillation field. It is shown that these oscillations cannot interact with an externally imposed field B0, so that they exist only if J?B?B0.

N. A. Salingaros

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

THE DECAYING LONG-PERIOD OSCILLATION OF A STELLAR MEGAFLARE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze and interpret the oscillatory signal in the decay phase of the U-band light curve of a stellar megaflare observed on 2009 January 16 on the dM4.5e star YZ CMi. The oscillation is well approximated by an exponentially decaying harmonic function. The period of the oscillation is found to be 32 minutes, the decay time about 46 minutes, and the relative amplitude 15%. As this observational signature is typical of the longitudinal oscillations observed in solar flares at extreme ultraviolet and radio wavelengths, associated with standing slow magnetoacoustic waves, we suggest that this megaflare may be of a similar nature. In this scenario, macroscopic variations of the plasma parameters in the oscillations modulate the ejection of non-thermal electrons. The phase speed of the longitudinal (slow magnetoacoustic) waves in the flaring loop or arcade, the tube speed, of about 230 km s{sup -1} would require a loop length of about 200 Mm. Other mechanisms, such as standing kink oscillations, are also considered.

Anfinogentov, S. [Institute of Solar Terrestrial Physics, Irkutsk (Russian Federation); Nakariakov, V. M. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Mathioudakis, M. [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Van Doorsselaere, T. [Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B bus 2400, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Kowalski, A. F., E-mail: anfinogentov@iszf.irk.ru [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waves receive their energy from the wind by means of a ... whose yield is not yet clearly understood. Energy in the wave is more concentrated than in the wind ... density. For this reason a motor utilizing wave p...

Ferruccio Mosetti

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Spectral Analysis of Wave Motions in the Region of Temperature Minimum of the Sun’s Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present some results of an analysis of the spatial spectrum and two-dimensional distribution of horizontally running waves of five-minute oscillations.

V. E. Merkulenko; V. I. Polyakov; V. S. Loskutnikov

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

WAVES OC514 Spring 2012 P.B. Rhines Term project ideas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WAVES OC514 Spring 2012 P.B. Rhines Term project ideas 10 Apr 2012 1. Coastal trapped waves signals, seasonal cycles, wind-driven signals 2. ENSO (el Nino/Southern Oscillation) and equatorial waves events? Atmospheric Kelvin and Rossby waves bridging from one ocean to the next. Gill model

283

Wave-particle duality and the Hamilton action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hamilton-Jacobi equation of relativistic quantum mechanics is revisited. The equation is shown to permit solutions in the form of breathers (oscillating/spinning solitons), displaying simultaneous particle-like and wave-like behaviour.

Gregory Sivashinsky

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

284

Variability of Intraseasonal Kelvin Waves in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous observational work has demonstrated that the phase speed of oceanic equatorial Kelvin waves forced by the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) appears to vary substantially. Processes that are responsible for systematic changes in the phase ...

Toshiaki Shinoda; Paul E. Roundy; George N. Kiladis

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Nonlinear plasma wave in magnetized plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear axisymmetric cylindrical plasma oscillations in magnetized collisionless plasmas are a model for the electron fluid collapse on the axis behind an ultrashort relativisically intense laser pulse exciting a plasma wake wave. We present an analytical description of the strongly nonlinear oscillations showing that the magnetic field prevents closing of the cavity formed behind the laser pulse. This effect is demonstrated with 3D PIC simulations of the laser-plasma interaction. An analysis of the betatron oscillations of fast electrons in the presence of the magnetic field reveals a characteristic “Four-Ray Star” pattern.

Bulanov, Sergei V. [Kansai Photon Science Institute, JAEA, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan) [Kansai Photon Science Institute, JAEA, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow region 141700 (Russian Federation); Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K. [Kansai Photon Science Institute, JAEA, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)] [Kansai Photon Science Institute, JAEA, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Hosokai, Tomonao; Zhidkov, Alexei G. [Photon Pioneers Center, Osaka University, 2-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan) [Photon Pioneers Center, Osaka University, 2-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 2-1, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Kodama, Ryosuke [Photon Pioneers Center, Osaka University, 2-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan) [Photon Pioneers Center, Osaka University, 2-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Four cavity efficiency enhanced magnetically insulated line oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A four cavity, efficient magnetically insulated line oscillator (C4-E MILO) having seven vanes and six cavities formed within a tube-like structure surrounding a cathode is disclosed. The C4-E MILO has a primary slow wave structure which is comprised of four vanes and the four cavities located near a microwave exit end of the tube-like structure. The primary slow wave structure is the four cavity portion of the magnetically insulated line oscillator (MILO). An RF choke is provided which is comprised of three of the vanes and two of the cavities. The RF choke is located near a pulsed power source portion of the tube-like structure surrounding the cathode. The RF choke increases feedback in the primary slow wave structure, prevents microwaves generated in the primary slow wave structure from propagating towards the pulsed power source and modifies downstream electron current so as to enhance microwave power generation. A beam dump/extractor is located at the exit end of the oscillator tube for extracting microwave power from the oscillator, and in conjunction with an RF extractor vane, which comprises the fourth vane of the primary slow wave structure (nearest the exit) having a larger gap radius than the other vanes of the primary SWS, comprises an RF extractor. Uninsulated electron flow is returned downstream towards the exit along an anode/beam dump region located between the beam dump/extractor and the exit where the RF is radiated at said RF extractor vane located near the exit and the uninsulated electron flow is disposed at the beam dump/extractor. 34 figs.

Lemke, R.W.; Clark, M.C.; Calico, S.E.

1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

287

Four cavity efficiency enhanced magnetically insulated line oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A four cavity, efficient magnetically insulated line oscillator (C4-E MILO) having seven vanes and six cavities formed within a tube-like structure surrounding a cathode. The C4-E MILO has a primary slow wave structure which is comprised of four vanes and the four cavities located near a microwave exit end of the tube-like structure. The primary slow wave structure is the four cavity (C4) portion of the magnetically insulated line oscillator (MILO). An RF choke is provided which is comprised of three of the vanes and two of the cavities. The RF choke is located near a pulsed power source portion of the tube-like structure surrounding the cathode. The RF choke increases feedback in the primary slow wave structure, prevents microwaves generated in the primary slow wave structure from propagating towards the pulsed power source and modifies downstream electron current so as to enhance microwave power generation. A beam dump/extractor is located at the exit end of the oscillator tube for extracting microwave power from the oscillator, and in conjunction with an RF extractor vane, which comprises the fourth vane of the primary slow wave structure (nearest the exit) having a larger gap radius than the other vanes of the primary SWS, comprises an RF extractor. Uninsulated electron flow is returned downstream towards the exit along an anode/beam dump region located between the beam dump/extractor and the exit where the RF is radiated at said RF extractor vane located near the exit and the uninsulated electron flow is disposed at the beam dump/extractor.

Lemke, Raymond W. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, Miles C. (Albuquerque, NM); Calico, Steve E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

288

The application of a computerized storm surge model for hazard mapping within the Galveston Bay Area using an Automated Mapping and Facilities Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPPING AND FACILITIES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A Thesis by LORA ANNE SCHORNICK Approved as to style and content by: Rennet L. W ite (Chairman of Committee) Ear R. Hos ins (Member) C ris op er C. Mat ewson (Member) ~ 6 (- Brian W. B ouet (Head... Justification BACKGROUND Study Site Storm Surges Hurricanes Selected for the Study Hurricane Carla Hurricane Allen Literature Review of Storm Surge Models Automated Mapping and Facilities Management Systems METHODOLOGY Page vii ix xii 2 2 3 4 4...

Schornick, Lora Anne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Semiclassical wave-packets emerging from interaction with an environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the quantum evolution in dimension three of a system composed by a test particle interacting with an environment made of N harmonic oscillators. At time zero the test particle is described by a spherical wave, i.e., a highly correlated continuous superposition of states with well localized position and momentum, and the oscillators are in the ground state. Furthermore, we assume that the positions of the oscillators are not collinear with the center of the spherical wave. Under suitable assumptions on the physical parameters characterizing the model, we give an asymptotic expression of the solution of the Schrödinger equation of the system with an explicit control of the error. The result shows that the approximate expression of the wave function is the sum of two terms, orthogonal in L{sup 2}(R{sup 3(N+1)}) and describing rather different situations. In the first one, all the oscillators remain in their ground state and the test particle is described by the free evolution of a slightly deformed spherical wave. The second one consists of a sum of N terms where in each term there is only one excited oscillator and the test particle is correspondingly described by the free evolution of a wave packet, well concentrated in position and momentum. Moreover, the wave packet emerges from the excited oscillator with an average momentum parallel to the line joining the oscillator with the center of the initial spherical wave. Such wave packet represents a semiclassical state for the test particle, propagating along the corresponding classical trajectory. The main result of our analysis is to show how such a semiclassical state can be produced, starting from the original spherical wave, as a result of the interaction with the environment.

Recchia, Carla, E-mail: carla.recchia@libero.it [D.I.S.I.M., Università di L’Aquila, Via Vetoio - Loc. Coppito - 67010 L’Aquila (Italy)] [D.I.S.I.M., Università di L’Aquila, Via Vetoio - Loc. Coppito - 67010 L’Aquila (Italy); Teta, Alessandro, E-mail: teta@mat.uniroma1.it [Dipartimento di Matematica, “Sapienza” Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Roma (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Matematica, “Sapienza” Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Roma (Italy)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Coupling Modes among Action Centers of Wave–Mean Flow Interaction and Their Association with the AO/NAM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Arctic Oscillation/Northern Hemisphere annular mode (AO/NAM) is attributed to wave–mean flow interaction over the extratropical region of the Northern Hemisphere. This wave–mean flow interaction is closely related to three atmospheric centers ...

Nan Zhao; Sujie Liang; Yihui Ding

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Relaxation damping in oscillating contacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a contact of two purely elastic bodies with no sliding (infinite coefficient of friction) is subjected to superimposed oscillations in the normal and tangential directions, then a specific damping appears, that is not dependent on friction or dissipation in the material. We call this effect "relaxation damping". The rate of energy dissipation due to relaxation damping is calculated in a closed analytic form for arbitrary axially-symmetric contacts. In the case of equal frequency of normal and tangential oscillations, the dissipated energy per cycle is proportional to the square of the amplitude of tangential oscillation and to the absolute value of the amplitude of normal oscillation, and is dependent on the phase shift between both oscillations. In the case of low frequency tangential motion with superimposed high frequency normal oscillations, the system acts as a tunable linear damper. Generalization of the results for macroscopically planar, randomly rough surfaces is discussed.

M. Popov; V. L. Popov; R. Pohrt

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

292

Nonlinear extraordinary wave in dense plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conditions for the propagation of a slow extraordinary wave in dense magnetized plasma are found. A solution to the set of relativistic hydrodynamic equations and Maxwell’s equations under the plasma resonance conditions, when the phase velocity of the nonlinear wave is equal to the speed of light, is obtained. The deviation of the wave frequency from the resonance frequency is accompanied by nonlinear longitudinal-transverse oscillations. It is shown that, in this case, the solution to the set of self-consistent equations obtained by averaging the initial equations over the period of high-frequency oscillations has the form of an envelope soliton. The possibility of excitation of a nonlinear wave in plasma by an external electromagnetic pulse is confirmed by numerical simulations.

Krasovitskiy, V. B., E-mail: krasovit@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics (Russian Federation); Turikov, V. A. [Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship (Russian Federation)] [Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Multi-rhythmicity in an optoelectronic oscillator with large delay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An optoelectronic oscillator exhibiting a large delay in its feedback loop is studied both experimentally and theoretically. We show that multiple square-wave oscillations may coexist for the same values of the parameters (multi-rhythmicity). Depending on the sign of the phase shift, these regimes admit either periods close to an integer fraction of the delay or periods close to an odd integer fraction of twice the delay. These periodic solutions emerge from successive Hopf bifurcation points and stabilize at a finite amplitude following a scenario similar to Eckhaus instability in spatially extended systems. We find quantitative agreements between experiments and numerical simulations. The linear stability of the square-waves is substantiated analytically by determining stable fixed points of a map.

Weicker, Lionel; Rosin, David P; Gauthier, Daniel J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Dirac bound states of anharmonic oscillator in external fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the effect of the external magnetic and Aharonov–Bohm (AB) flux fields on the energy levels of Dirac particle subjects to mixed scalar and vector anharmonic oscillator field in the two-dimensional (2D) space. We calculate the exact energy eigenvalues and the corresponding un-normalized two-spinor-components wave functions in terms of the chemical potential parameter, magnetic field strength, AB flux field and magnetic quantum number by using the Nikiforov–Uvarov (NU) method. -- Highlights: • Effect of the external fields on the energy levels of Dirac particle with the anharmonic oscillator is investigated. • The solutions are discussed in view of spin and pseudospin symmetries limits. • The energy levels and wave function are presented by the Nikiforov–Uvarov method.

Hamzavi, Majid, E-mail: majid.hamzavi@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Zanjan, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Physics, University of Zanjan, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ikhdair, Sameer M., E-mail: sikhdair@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, an-Najah National University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine (Country Unknown); Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Near East University, 922022 Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10 (Turkey); Falaye, Babatunde J., E-mail: fbjames11@physicist.net [Theoretical Physics Section, Department of Physics, University of Ilorin, P. M. B. 1515, Ilorin (Nigeria)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Collective oscillations in spatially modulated exciton-polariton condensate arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study collective dynamics of interacting centers of exciton-polariton condensation in presence of spatial inhomogeneity, as modeled by diatomic active oscillator lattices. The mode formalism is developed and employed to derive existence and stability criteria of plane wave solutions. It is demonstrated that $k_0=0$ wave number mode with the binary elementary cell on a diatomic lattice possesses superior existence and stability properties. Decreasing net on-site losses (balance of dissipation and pumping) or conservative nonlinearity favors multistability of modes, while increasing frequency mismatch between adjacent oscillators detriments it. On the other hand, spatial inhomogeneity may recover stability of modes at high nonlinearities. Entering the region where all single-mode solutions are unstable we discover subsequent transitions between localized quasiperiodic, chaotic and global chaotic dynamics in the mode space, as nonlinearity increases. Importantly, the last transition evokes the loss of synchronization. These effects may determine lasing dynamics of interacting exciton-polariton condensation centers.

A. A. Tikhomirov; O. I. Kanakov; B. L. Altshuler; M. V. Ivanchenko

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nanoscale relaxation oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nanoscale oscillation device is disclosed, wherein two nanoscale droplets are altered in size by mass transport, then contact each other and merge through surface tension. The device may also comprise a channel having an actuator responsive to mechanical oscillation caused by expansion and contraction of the droplets. It further has a structure for delivering atoms between droplets, wherein the droplets are nanoparticles. Provided are a first particle and a second particle on the channel member, both being made of a chargeable material, the second particle contacting the actuator portion; and electrodes connected to the channel member for delivering a potential gradient across the channel and traversing the first and second particles. The particles are spaced apart a specified distance so that atoms from one particle are delivered to the other particle by mass transport in response to the potential (e.g. voltage potential) and the first and second particles are liquid and touch at a predetermined point of growth, thereby causing merging of the second particle into the first particle by surface tension forces and reverse movement of the actuator. In a preferred embodiment, the channel comprises a carbon nanotube and the droplets comprise metal nanoparticles, e.g. indium, which is readily made liquid.

Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Regan, Brian C. (Los Angeles, CA); Aloni, Shaul (Albany, CA)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Ladder operators for the rotating Morse oscillators: Matrix element calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a simple method based on the hypervirial theorem along with a second-quantization formalism, which allows us to obtain recursion relations without using explicit wave functions for the calculation of matrix elements such as {exp[-a(r-re)]}n, (r-re)n, (r-re)nexp[-a(r-re)], and {exp[-a(r-re)]}n(d/dr) for the rotating Morse oscillator.

A. López Piñeiro and B. Moreno

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Dirac bound states of anharmonic oscillator in external fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the effect of the external magnetic and Aharonov-Bohm (AB) flux fields on the energy levels of Dirac particle subjects to mixed scalar and vector anharmonic oscillator field in the two-dimensional (2D) space. We calculate the exact energy eigenvalues and the corresponding un-normalized two-spinor-components wave functions in terms of the chemical potential parameter, magnetic field strength, AB flux field and magnetic quantum number by using the Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU) method.

Majid Hamzavia; Sameer M. Ikhdair; Babatunde J. Falaye

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Neutrino Oscillations Experiments at Fermilab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino oscillations provide an unique opportunity to probe physics beyond the Standard Model. Fermilab is constructing two new neutrino beams to provide a decicive test of two of the recent positive indications for neutrino oscillations: MiniBOONE experiment will settle the LSND controversy, MINOS will provide detailed studies of the region indicated by the SuperK results.

Adam Para

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A modeling study of coastal inundation induced by storm surge, sea-level rise, and subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The northern coasts of the Gulf of Mexico are highly vulnerable to the direct threats of climate change, such as hurricane-induced storm surge, and such risks can be potentially exacerbated by land subsidence and global sea level rise. This paper presents an application of a coastal storm surge model to study the coastal inundation process induced by tide and storm surge, and its response to the effects of land subsidence and sea level rise in the northern Gulf coast. An unstructured-grid Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model was used to simulate tides and hurricane-induced storm surges in the Gulf of Mexico. Simulated distributions of co-amplitude and co-phase of semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are in good agreement with previous modeling studies. The storm surges induced by four historical hurricanes (Rita, Katrina, Ivan and Dolly) were simulated and compared to observed water levels at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration tide stations. Effects of coastal subsidence and future global sea level rise on coastal inundation in the Louisiana coast were evaluated using a parameter “change of inundation depth” through sensitivity simulations that were based on a projected future subsidence scenario and 1-m global sea level rise by the end of the century. Model results suggested that hurricane-induced storm surge height and coastal inundation could be exacerbated by future global sea level rise and subsidence, and that responses of storm surge and coastal inundation to the effects of sea level rise and subsidence are highly nonlinear and vary on temporal and spatial scales.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Kraucunas, Ian P.; Rice, Jennie S.; Preston, Benjamin; Wilbanks, Thomas

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Coupled second-quantized oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Second quantization is a powerful technique for describing quantum mechanical processes in which the number of excitations of a single particle is not conserved. A textbook example of second quantization is the presentation of the simple harmonic oscillator in terms of creation and annihilation operators which respectively represent addition or removal of quanta of energy from the oscillator. Our aim in this article is to bolster this textbook example. Accordingly we explore the physics of coupled second-quantized oscillators. These explorations are phrased as exactly solvable eigenvalue problems the mathematical structure providing a framework for the physical understanding. The examples we present can be used to enhance the discussion of second-quantized harmonic oscillators in the classroom to make a connection to the classical physics of coupled oscillators and to acquaint students with systems employed at the frontiers of contemporary physics research.

H. Shi; S. Preble

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Demonstrations: slinky toy to show transverse and longitudinal waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Waves on a String We introduced oscillations in terms of motion of single objects subject to a restoring of a wave on a string under tension Physical pendulum The simple pendulum of Lecture 30 consisted of a mass attached to the end of a massless string. Consider now the more physical situation in which an arbitrarily

Boal, David

303

Navigating Complex Labyrinths: Optimal Paths from Chemical Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WAVE PROPAGATION IN 2-DIMENSIONAL LIQUID-PHASE SELF-OSCILLATING SYSTEM, NATURE 225 : 535 ( 1970 ). ZYKOV, V.S., BIOPHYSICS-USSR...seg-ments rather than as a mesh of one-dimen-sional strings. Path boundaries, created by colliding waves that previously...

Oliver Steinbock; Ágota Tóth; Kenneth Showalter

1995-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Nonlinear waves in the solar atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the intended application to solar physics deserves great effort...waves and oscillations in the solar plasma. Figure 1 A typical...distance from the base of the solar atmosphere. The quantity is...The (a), (b) and (c) panels correspond to z=0, z=z...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Breaking wind waves as a source of ambient noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model for the prediction of ambient noise level due to collective oscillations of air bubbles under breaking wind waves is presented. The model uses a budget of the energy flux from the breaking waves to quantify acoustic power radiation by a bubble cloud. A shift of the noise spectra to lower frequency due to collective bubble oscillation is assumed. The model derives good estimates of the magnitude slope and frequency range of the noise spectra using the wind speed or height of breaking waves.

Pavlo Tkalich; Eng Soon Chan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Rogue wave impact on a tension leg platform: The effect of wave incidence angle and mooring line tension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An understanding of the interaction between extreme ocean conditions and floating offshore platforms is required for their design and safe operation. Rogue wave impacts cannot easily be handled by traditional analytic or computational techniques. Here we use Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) to simulate the fully non-linear dynamics of a large breaking wave on a semi-submersible tension leg platform. We consider the effect of wave impact angle and mooring line pre-tension on the subsequent motion of the platform, and predict the maximum tension in each mooring line. The primary effect of wave impact angle is to determine the peak mooring line tension and line “slackness” during wave impact. A 45° impact results in the maximum tension on the leading line. The maximum heave, surge and pitch vary only slightly with wave angle. As mooring line pre-tension is increased, the duration of heave and pitch excursions is reduced. Peak mooring tension increases only slightly, but the incidence of mooring line “slack” decreases significantly for higher pre-tension. Properly applied, SPH has a wide application in predicting non-linear wave–structure interactions. Genuine opportunity exists for using SPH in the design of structures and mooring systems exposed to extreme ocean events such as rogue wave impact.

Murray Rudman; Paul W. Cleary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Neutrino Oscillations from String Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the character of neutrino oscillations that results from a model of equivalence principle violation suggested recently by Damour and Polyakov as a plausible consequence of string theory. In this model neutrino oscillations will take place through interaction with a long range scalar field of gravitational origin even if the neutrinos are degenerate in mass. The energy dependence of the oscillation length is identical to that in the conventional mass mixing mechanism. This possibility further highlghts the independence of and need for more exacting direct neutrino mass measurements together with a next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments.

A. Halprin; C. N. Leung

1997-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

308

The saddle-node of nearly homogeneous wave trains in reaction-diffusion systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The saddle-node of nearly homogeneous wave trains in reaction-diffusion systems Jens D homogeneous oscillations created in the bifurcation, we investigate existence and stability of wave trains trains and determine their stability on the unbounded real line. We confirm that the accompanying wave

Scheel, Arnd

309

Equal energy phase space trajectories in resonant wave interactions O. Yaakobia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equal energy phase space trajectories in resonant wave interactions O. Yaakobia and L. Friedlandb interacting wave systems with nonlinear frequency/ wave vector shifts is discussed. The corresponding these parameters vary in time or space. It is shown that the oscillation periods of two equal energy trajectories

Friedland, Lazar

310

Musical Acoustics Lab, C. Bertulani, 2012 PreLab 4 Standing Waves in a String  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mass. At the other end of the string is the vibration driver or oscillator, which vibrates with a very � Standing Waves in a String Standing waves are set up in the strings of musical instruments when, a violin bow will excite a unique standing wave vibration of the string. The string's vibrations

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

311

How are solar oscillations damped?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the universe. How are solar oscilla Acoustic oscillations...outer regions of the solar convection zone. (Image courtesy of SOHO, a project of international co...Damping mechanisms In solar-type stars the energy transport in the outer......

Guenter Houdek; Bill Chaplin; Yvonne Elsworth

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Concentration oscillations and efficiency: glycolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...partitioning of the total free energy decrease, we postulate...Concentration Oscillations and Efficiency: Glycolysis Abstract...the point of view of efficiency offree energy conversion. It is suggested...the adenosine phosphate pool: the PFK reaction at...

PH Richter; J Ross

1981-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

Neutralino oscillations at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a supersymmetric phenomenon that can give spectacular signals at the LHC: oscillations of neutralinos. Such oscillations can be naturally realized in R-symmetric models, where additional fields are introduced as Dirac mass partners of gauginos and Higgsinos. Majorana masses for gauginos, necessarily generated from anomaly mediation, can create tiny mass splittings between degenerate mass eigenstates, causing states produced at the LHC to oscillate between neutralinos and their Dirac partner fields. Scenarios where such states decay with displaced vertices can lead to striking signatures at the LHC, where the oscillation can be visible directly in the distribution of displaced vertex lengths. We elaborate on the theory and LHC phenomenology of this feature within a specific scenario of a Higgsino decaying with a displaced vertex into a gravitino and a Z boson.

Yuval Grossman; Bibhushan Shakya; Yuhsin Tsai

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

Modelling rogue waves through exact dynamical lump soliton controlled by ocean currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ocean rogue wave, one of the mysteries of nature, has not yet been understood or modelled satisfactorily, in spite of being in the intense lime-light in recent years and the concept spreadin fast to other disciplines. Rogue waves are extraordinarily high and steep surface waves. However, most of their theoretical models and experimental observations, excluding a few are one-dimensional, admitting limited high intensity and steepness. We propose here a novel two-dimensional integrable nonlinear Schroedinger equation allowing an exact lump-soliton with special asymmetry and directional preference. The soliton can appear on surface waves making a hole just before surging up high, with adjustable height and steepness and disappear again followed by the hole. The dynamics, speed and the duration of the soliton is controlled by ocean currents. These desirable properties make our exact model promising for describing deep sea large rogue waves.

Kundu, Anjan; Naskar, Tapan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Results from Neutrino Oscillations Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interpretation of the results of early solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments in terms of neutrino oscillations has been verified by several recent experiments using both, natural and man-made sources. The observations provide compelling evidence in favor of the existence of neutrino masses and mixings. These proceedings give a general description of the results from neutrino oscillation experiments, the current status of the field, and some possible future developments.

Aguilar-Arevalo, Alexis [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico, D.F., 04510 (Mexico)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Neutron Star Crustal Interface Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The eigenfrequencies of nonradial oscillations are a powerful probe of a star's interior structure. This is especially true when there exist discontinuities such as at the neutron star (NS) ocean/crust boundary, as first noted by McDermott, Van Horn, & Hansen. The interface mode associated with this boundary has subsequently been neglected in studies of stellar nonradial oscillations. We revisit this mode, investigating its properties both analytically and numerically for a simple NS envelope model. We find that it acts like a shallow surface ocean wave, but with a large radial displacement at the ocean/crust boundary due to flexing of the crust with shear modulus ? P, the pressure. This displacement lowers the mode's frequency by a factor of ~(?/P)1/2 ~ 0.1 in comparison to a shallow surface wave frequency on a hard surface. The interface mode may be excited on accreting or bursting NSs, and future work on nonradial oscillations should consider this mode. Our work also implies an additional mode on massive and/or cold white dwarfs with crystalline cores, which may have a frequency between the f-mode and g-modes, an otherwise empty part of the frequency domain.

Anthony L. Piro; Lars Bildsten

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Gravitational waves versus cosmic strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The equation which governs the temporal evolution of a gravitational wave (GW) in curved space-time can be treated as the Schrodinger equation for a particle moving in the presence of an effective potential. When GWs propagate in an expanding Universe with constant effective potential, there is a critical value (kc) of the comoving wave-number which discriminates the metric perturbations into oscillating (k > kc) and non-oscillating (k kc) modes. The effective potential is reduced to a non-vanishing constant in a cosmological model which is driven by a two-component fluid, consisting of radiation (dominant) and cosmic strings (subdominant). However, the cosmological evolution (gradually) results in the scaling of any long-cosmic-string network and, therefore, after some time (??) the Universe enters in the pure-radiation epoch. The evolution of the non-oscillatory GW modes during ??, results in the distortion of the low-frequency part of the stochastic GW power-spectrum, which, therefore, departs from scale invariance (anticipated in the pure-radiation case). As regards the corresponding high-frequency part (which is determined by the evolution of the oscillating modes), we find that the presence of cosmic strings gives rise to the quantum-gravitational creation of gravitons, leading to the amplification of the GW signal by (almost) two orders of magnitude.

Kostas Kleidis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

wave energy ? Wellenenergie f [Die einer Schwerewelle innewohnende potentielle und kinetische Energie. Sie ist etwa proportional dem Quadrat der Wellenhöhe. Zeichen: E we ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Signal amplification by unidirectional coupling of oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report our investigation on the input signal amplification in unidirectionally coupled monostable Duffing oscillators in one- and two-dimensions with first oscillator alone driven by a weak periodic signal. Applying a perturbation theory we obtain a set of nonlinear equations for the response amplitude of the coupled oscillators. We identify the conditions for undamped signal propagation with enhanced amplitude through the coupled oscillators. When the number of oscillators increases the response amplitude approaches a limiting value. We determine this limiting value. Also, we analyse the signal amplification in the coupled oscillators in two-dimensions with fraction of oscillators chosen randomly for coupling and forcing.

S. Rajamani; S. Rajasekar

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

320

Geometric gravitational origin of neutrino oscillations and mass-energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mass-energy scale for neutrinos was calculated from the null cone curvature using geometric concepts. The scale is variable depending on the gravitational potential and the trajectory inclination with respect to the field direction. The proposed neutrino covariant equation provides the adequate curvature. The mass-energy at the Earth surface varies from a horizontal value 0.402 eV to a vertical value 0.569 eV. Earth spinor waves with winding numbers n show squared energy differences within ranges from 2.05 x 10*(-3) to 4.10 x 10*(-3) eV*2 for n=0,1 neutrinos and from 3.89 x 10*(-5) to 7.79 x 10*(-5) eV*2 for n=1,2 neutrinos. These waves interfere and the different phase velocities produce neutrino-like oscillations. The experimental results for atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillation mass parameters respectivelly fall within these theoretical ranges. Neutrinos in outer space, where interactions may be neglected, appear as particles travelling with zero mass on null geodesics. These gravitational curvature energies are consistent with neutrino oscillations, zero neutrino rest masses and Einstein's General Relativity and energy mass equivalence principle. When analyzing or averaging experimental neutrino mass-energy results of different experiments on the Earth it is of interest to consider the possible influence of the trajectory inclination angle.

Gustavo R. Gonzalez-Martin

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Doppler effects of an oscillating line source in shear flow with a free surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The linearised water-wave radiation problem for the oscillating 2D submerged source in an inviscid shear flow with a free surface is investigated analytically. There is a nonzero surface velocity. The depth is infinite and the vorticity is uniform. The amplitudes radiated from the source are calculated analytically. Due to Doppler effects, there may be up to four different emitted waves, and there is resonance with zero group velocity and infinite amplitude.

Peder A. Tyvand; Mikkel Elle Lepperød

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Separation of gas mixtures by thermoacoustic waves.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Imposing sound on a binary gas mixture in a duct separates the two gases along the acoustic-propagation axis. Mole-fraction differences as large as 10% and separation fluxes as high as 0.001 M-squared c, where M is Mach number and c is sound speed, are easily observed. We describe the accidental discovery of this phenomenon in a helium-xenon mixture, subsequent experiments with a helium-argon mixture, and theoretical developments. The phenomenon occurs because a thin layer of the gas adjacent to the wall is immobilized by viscosity while the rest of the gas moves back and forth with the wave, and the heat capacity of the wall holds this thin layer of the gas at constant temperature while the rest of the gas experiences temperature oscillations due to the wave's oscillating pressure. The oscillating temperature gradient causes the light and heavy atoms in the gas to take turns diffusing into and out of the immobilized layer, so that the oscillating motion of the wave outside the immobilized layer tends to carry light-enriched gas in one direction and heavy-enriched gas in the opposite direction. Experiment and theory are in very good agreement for the initial separation fluxes and the saturation mole-fraction differences.

Swift, G. W. (Gregory W.); Geller, D. A. (Drew A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Vacuum Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As an example of the unification of gravitation and particle physics, an exact solution of the five-dimensional field equations is studied which describes waves in the classical Einstein vacuum. While the solution is essentially 5D in nature, the waves exist in ordinary 3D space, and may provide a way to test for an extra dimension.

Paul S. Wesson

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

324

Shape oscillation and static deformation of drops and bubbles driven by modulated radiation stresses—Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deformations of drops and bubbles opposed by surface tension and driven by radiation stresses at the interface are calculated using spherical harmonic expansions for the radial and tangential stresses. Superimposed acoustic waves produce stresses which oscillate at the difference frequency ? of the waves in addition to static stresses. When the effects of viscosity on the acoustic waves are omitted the tangential radiation stress vanishes; a procedure is proposed for calculating the radial stresses from the theory for ’’Acoustic Radiation Pressure on a Compressible Sphere’’ [K. Yosioka and Y. Kawasima Acustica 5 167–173 (1955)]. The calculation of the response assumes incompressible second?order flow and omits the body forces which are normally asociated with acoustic streaming. Resonance phase shifts and enhancements of the response should occur when ? is close to the natural oscillation frequency of a mode. Quadrupole resonance phase shifts and enhancements have been observed by the author [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 67 27–37 (1980)]. Diverse applications of the theory include the possibilities of: inference of the interfacial tension from the response; emulsification by exciting large amplitude oscillations; and deformation or splitting of bubbles by radiation stresses. The decay time of free oscillation is also calculated; a new term is found which is small but significant for drops surrounded by a liquid and supplements the theory for ’’The Oscillations of a Fluid Droplet Immersed in Another Fluid’’ [C. A. Miller and L. E. Scriven J. Fluid Mech. 32 417–435 (1968)].

Philip L. Marston

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Sound Waves in the Atmosphere at Infrasonic Frequencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various geophysical processes generate sound waves in the atmosphere. Some typical sources are auroral discharges in the upper atmosphere tornadoes and severe storms surface waves on the oceans volcanic explosions earthquakes and atmospheric oscillations arising from unstable wind flow at the tropopause. Man?made sources include powerful explosions and the shock waves from vehicles moving at supersonic speeds at altitudes below about 125 km. The components of sound?wave energy at infrasonic frequencies (oscillation periods >1.0 sec) are propagated for large distances (thousands of kilometers) over the earth's surface with very little loss of energy from absorption by viscosity and heat conduction. But the propagation depends strongly on (a) the horizontally stratified temperature structure of the atmosphere (b) the influence of gravity at oscillation periods greater than the atmospheric resonance period ?300 sec and (c) the nonuniform distribution of atmospheric winds. The microphones and electroacoustical apparatus at an infrasonics observation station e.g. the one at Washington D. C. measure (1) the amplitude and waveform of incident sound pressure (2) the direction of local propagation of the wave (3) the horizontal trace velocity and (4) the distribution of sound wave energy at various oscillation frequencies. Researches on propagation require observational data from a network of stations separated geographically by large distances coupled with theoretical analysis of sound propagation to arrive at useful results on the acoustics of the atmosphere.

Richard K. Cook

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The effects of twisted magnetic field on coronal loop oscillations and dissipation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......when the twist is zero, the diagrams of P 1/2P 2 do not start exactly...does not show itself in the diagrams (see McEwan et al. 2006...Oscillations and damping of standing MHD surface and hybrid waves in...external regions. The linearized MHD equations, when the dissipation......

K. Karami; M. Barin

2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Power loss of an oscillating electric dipole in a quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system of linearized quantum plasma equations (quantum hydrodynamic model) has been used for investigating the dispersion equation for electrostatic waves in the plasma. Furthermore, dispersion relations and their modifications due to quantum effects are used for calculating the power loss of an oscillating electric dipole. Finally, the results are compared in quantum and classical regimes.

Ghaderipoor, L. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, 3716146611 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mehramiz, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Imam Khomeini Int'l University, Qazvin 34149-16818 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Search for gravitational waves associated with the August 2006 timing glitch of the Vela pulsar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physical mechanisms responsible for pulsar timing glitches are thought to excite quasinormal mode oscillations in their parent neutron star that couple to gravitational-wave emission. In August 2006, a timing glitch ...

Barsotti, Lisa

329

MJO and Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves Simulated by CMIP5 Climate Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study evaluates the simulation of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) and convectively coupled equatorial waves (CCEWs) in 20 models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) phase 5 (CMIP5) in the Intergovernmental Panel on ...

Meng-Pai Hung; Jia-Lin Lin; Wanqiu Wang; Daehyun Kim; Toshiaki Shinoda; Scott J. Weaver

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Effect of turbine-operating regime and adjustment of automated control system on stability and critical area of surge tanks at HPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials of the works of several authors who have investigated the effect of turbine-operating regime on the stability of HPP with surge tanks are presented. Anumber of new results are obtained. Analytical relationships that can be used in stability calculations for a number of coefficients are compared with a large amount of actual data.

Murav'ev, O. A. [Moscow State Civil-Engineering University (Russian Federation)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Estimating wave energy from a wave record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This note is concerned with the calculation of wave energy from a time series record of wave heights. Various methods are used to estimate the wave energy. For wave records that contain a number of different ... ...

Sasithorn Aranuvachapun; John A. Johnson

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Energy in a String Wave  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When one end of a taut horizontal elastic string is shaken repeatedly up and down a transverse wave (assume sine waveform) will be produced and travel along it.1 College students know this type of wave motion well. They know when the wave passes by each element of the string will perform an oscillating up?down motion which in mechanics is termed simple harmonic 2. They also know elements of the string at the highest and the lowest positions—the crests and the troughs—are momentarily at rest while those at the centerline (zero displacement) have the greatest speed as shown in Fig. 1. Irrespective of this they are less familiar with the energy associated with the wave. They may fail to answer a question such as “In a traveling string wave which elements have respectively the greatest kinetic energy (KE) and the greatest potential energy (PE)?” The answer to the former is not difficult; elements at zero position have the fastest speed and hence their KE being proportional to the square of speed is the greatest. To the PE what immediately comes to their mind may be the simple harmonic motion (SHM) in which the PE is the greatest and the KE is zero at the two turning points. It may thus lead them to think elements at crests or troughs have the greatest PE. Unfortunately this association is wrong. Thinking that the crests or troughs have the greatest PE is a misconception.3

Chiu?king Ng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Atomic-binding-energy oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the oscillatory supplement to the statistical nonrelativistic binding-energy formula for neutral atoms. The semiclassical approach proves capable of deriving these oscillations. It turns out that their amplitude is proportional to Z4/3 (Z is the number of electrons), and that their period is determined by the maximum angular momentum available in Thomas-Fermi atoms, i.e., 0.928Z1/3. Our calculation also provides an understanding of the peculiar shape of the oscillations, which show sharp minima and wide, structured maxima.

Berthold-Georg Englert and Julian Schwinger

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Neutrino Oscillations in 1. The Study of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Currently there are three oscillation signal regions: #15; LSND #23; e ! #23; #22; ,#23; e ! #23; #22; separately #15; Atmospheric Neutrinos #23; #22; + #23; #22; disappearance #15; Solar Neutrinos #23; e is combination of two e#11;ects Proposed Matrixes for Neutrino Mixing (#23; 1 ; #23; 2 ; #23; 3 ) = M(#23; e

335

Coherence waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1955 Wolf noticed that the mutual coherence function ? obeys two wave equations [Proc. R. Soc. London230, 246 (1955)]. The physical optics of this finding is thoroughly presented in...

Lohmann, Adolf W; Mendlovic, David; Shabtay, Gal

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Resonant Generation of Internal Waves on a Model Continental Slope H. P. Zhang, B. King, and Harry L. Swinney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant Generation of Internal Waves on a Model Continental Slope H. P. Zhang, B. King, and Harry wave generation in a laboratory model of oscillating tidal flow on a continental margin. Waves are found to be generated only in a near-critical region where the slope of the bottom topography matches

Texas at Austin. University of

337

Xenon Oscillations in a VVÉR-1000 Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Xenon oscillations – periodic redistribution of the power over ... the large size of this core. The xenon oscillations can be conventionally divided into axial, radial ... paper, methods are described for initiat...

V. A. Tereshonok; V. S. Stepanov; V. P. Povarov; O. V. Lebedev…

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cheap and easy coupled-oscillations demonstration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A suspended magnetic dipole undergoes torsional oscillations in the Earth’s magnetic field. The length of the suspending string is adjusted so that the pendulum periods equals that for torsional oscillations and energy exchange between these modes is observed.

Charles A. Sawicki

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Observational aspects of sunspot oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...oscillations in the solar plasma organized by Robert...National Center for Atmospheric ResearchBoulder...interplay between the thermal atmospheric stratification...conditions in the solar plasma, e.g. the velocity...CO, CaH) and non-ionized metals...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Lepton textures and neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic analyses of the textures arising in lepton mass matrices have been carried out using unitary transformations and condition of naturalness for the Dirac and Majorana neutrino possibilities. It is observed that the recent three neutrino oscillation data together with the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay provide vital clues in predicting the general structures of these lepton mass matrices.

Verma, Rohit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source -Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source - Sound Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency Wave represents pressure Target - Radio Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency

Colorado at Boulder, University of

342

Silicon crystal growing by oscillating crucible technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for growing silicon crystals from a molten melt comprising oscillating the container during crystal growth is disclosed.

Schwuttke, G.H.; Kim, K.M.; Smetana, P.

1983-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

343

Free-Oscillations Coincident with Earthquakes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two de-modulation algorithms are used to observe free-oscillations of the earth that are coincident with earthquakes.

Randall D. Peters

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fast Magnetohydrodynamic Oscillations in Cylindrical Prominence Fibrils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some observations suggest that quiescent solar prominences can be considered as composed by small-scale loops, or fibrils, which are stacked one after another in both the vertical and horizontal directions. In a previous work we studied, in Cartesian geometry, the propagation of fast MHD waves in a two-dimensional magnetostatic model representing one of these fibrils. Since this is a crude model to represent a real fibril, in this paper we use a more realistic model based on a cylindrically symmetric flux tube and study the propagation of fast MHD waves in this structure. A new array of modes of oscillation, together with their periods and spatial properties, is described, showing several important differences with respect to the properties of modes in Cartesian geometry. Among other conclusions, our results show that all sausage modes (m = 0) possess a cutoff frequency, while the fundamental kink and fluting modes (m > 0) do not show such a cutoff. In addition, the frequency of these modes is independent of the azimuthal wavenumber (m) and of the fibril thickness for a wide range of values of this parameter, which is an important fact for prominence seismology. Moreover, the spatial structure of the modes below the cutoff frequency is such that in this geometry perturbations are confined in the dense part of the fibril, the leakage of energy toward the coronal medium being very small, which may prevent the excitation of neighboring fibrils. Finally, diagnostic diagrams displaying the oscillatory period in terms of some equilibrium parameters are provided in order to allow for a comparison between our theoretical results and those coming from observations.

A. J. Díaz; R. Oliver; J. L. Ballester

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Oscillations of cytosolic sodium during calcium oscillations in exocrine acinar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...individuals 20-or within doublets or "strings" of cells consisting 10--ofup to...Na+]i oscillations are a result of oscillating [Ca2+]i. The [Na+]i in unstimulated...Na+]i oscillations, we exposed oscillating cells to ouabain, a specific inhibitor...

MM Wong; JK Foskett

1991-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

14 Modelling Ca2+ Oscillations in Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 Modelling Ca2+ Oscillations in Plants GERALD SCHÃ?NKNECHT*1 AND CLAUDIA BAUER2 Abstract To interpret the physiological functions of Ca2+ oscillations in plants cells, one has to understand how Ca2 predict how a certain stimulus might affect the frequency or amplitude of a Ca2+ oscillation. Usually

Schönknecht, Gerald

347

Long Wave/Short Wave Resonance in Equatorial Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that resonant coupling between ultra long equatorial Rossby waves and packets of either short Rossby or short westward-traveling gravity waves is possible. Simple analytic formulas give the discrete value of the packet wave number k, ...

John P. Boyd

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

MHK Technologies/Oceanlinx Mark 3 Wave Energy Converter | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oceanlinx Mark 3 Wave Energy Converter Oceanlinx Mark 3 Wave Energy Converter < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Oceanlinx Mark 3 Wave Energy Converter.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Oceanlinx Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/GPP Namibia *MHK Projects/Greenwave Rhode Island Ocean Wave Energy Project *MHK Projects/Hawaii *MHK Projects/Oceanlinx Maui *MHK Projects/Port Kembla *MHK Projects/Portland Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Water Column Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The Oceanlinx Mark 3 Wave Energy Converter is a floating multi Oscilating Water Chamber Wave Energy Converter. The airflow generated by the OWC passes through a patented Denniss Auld turbine which converts the bidirectional airflow of the OWC to a unidirectional rotation of the axial flow turbine which in turn drives a generator.

349

Rogue waves for a long wave-short wave resonance model with multiple short waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Rogue waves for a long wave-short wave resonance model with multiple short waves Hiu Ning Chan (1 waves; Long-short resonance PACS Classification: 02.30.Jr; 05.45.Yv; 47.35.Fg #12;2 ABSTRACT A resonance between long and short waves will occur if the phase velocity of the long wave matches the group velocity

350

Measuring neutrino oscillation parameters using $\  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MINOS is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. It consists of two large steel-scintillator tracking calorimeters. The near detector is situated at Fermilab, close to the production point of the NuMI muon-neutrino beam. The far detector is 735 km away, 716m underground in the Soudan mine, Northern Minnesota. The primary purpose of the MINOS experiment is to make precise measurements of the 'atmospheric' neutrino oscillation parameters ({Delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub atm}). The oscillation signal consists of an energy-dependent deficit of {nu}{sub {mu}} interactions in the far detector. The near detector is used to characterize the properties of the beam before oscillations develop. The two-detector design allows many potential sources of systematic error in the far detector to be mitigated by the near detector observations. This thesis describes the details of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, and presents a new technique to estimate the hadronic energy of neutrino interactions. This estimator achieves a significant improvement in the energy resolution of the neutrino spectrum, and in the sensitivity of the neutrino oscillation fit. The systematic uncertainty on the hadronic energy scale was re-evaluated and found to be comparable to that of the energy estimator previously in use. The best-fit oscillation parameters of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, incorporating this new estimator were: {Delta}m{sup 2} = 2.32{sub -0.08}{sup +0.12} x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}, sin {sup 2} 2{theta} > 0.90 (90% C.L.). A similar analysis, using data from a period of running where the NuMI beam was operated in a configuration producing a predominantly {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beam, yielded somewhat different best-fit parameters {Delta}{bar m}{sup 2} = (3.36{sub -0.40}{sup +0.46}(stat.) {+-} 0.06(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}eV{sup 2}, sin{sup 2} 2{bar {theta}} = 0.86{sub -0.12}{sup _0.11}(stat.) {+-} 0.01(syst.). The tension between these results is intriguing, and additional antineutrino data is currently being taken in order to further investigate this apparent discrepancy.

Backhouse, Christopher James; /Oxford U.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Combustor oscillating pressure stabilization and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High dynamic pressure oscillations in hydrocarbon-fueled combustors typically occur when the transport time of the fuel to the flame front is at some fraction of the acoustic period. These oscillations are reduced to acceptably lower levels by restructuring or repositioning the flame front in the combustor to increase the transport time. A pilot flame front located upstream of the oscillating flame and pulsed at a selected frequency and duration effectively restructures and repositions the oscillating flame in the combustor to alter the oscillation-causing transport time.

Gemmen, Randall S. (Morgantown, WV); Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Yip, Mui-Tong Joseph (Morgantown, WV); Robey, Edward H. (Westover, WV); Cully, Scott R. (Morgantown, WV); Addis, Richard E. (Smithfield, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

ntermediate frequency atmospheric disturbances: A dynamical bridge connecting western U.S. extreme precipitation with East Asian cold surges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, an atmospheric river (AR) detection algorithm is developed to investigate the downstream modulation of the eastern North Pacific ARs by another weather extreme, known as the East Asian cold surge (EACS), in both reanalysis data and high-resolution global model simulations. It is shown that following the peak of an EACS, atmospheric disturbances of intermediate frequency (IF; 10 30 day period) are excited downstream. This leads to the formation of a persistent cyclonic circulation anomaly over the eastern North Pacific that dramatically enhances the AR occurrence probability and the surface precipitation over the western U.S. between 30 N and 50 N. A diagnosis of the local geopotential height tendency further confirms the essential role of IF disturbances in establishing the observed persistent anomaly. This downstream modulation effect is then examined in the two simulations of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model version 4 with different horizontal resolutions (T85 and T341) for the same period (1979 2005). The connection between EACS and AR is much better captured by the T341 version of the model, mainly due to a better representation of the scale interaction and the characteristics of IF atmospheric disturbances in the higher-resolution model. The findings here suggest that faithful representations of scale interaction in a global model are critical for modeling and predicting the occurrences of hydrological extremes in the western U.S. and for understanding their potential future changes.

Jiang, Tianyu NMI [ORNL] [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL] [ORNL; Deng, Yi [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta] [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta; Dong, Xiquan [University of North Dakota, Grand Forks] [University of North Dakota, Grand Forks

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Vortices in Brain waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003). Vortices in Brain Waves 62. M. E. Raichle, ScienceVORTICES IN BRAIN WAVES WALTER J. FREEMAN Department ofthat is recorded in brain waves (electroencephalogram, EEG).

Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, Giuseppe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantum dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum theory of the damped harmonic oscillator has been a subject of continual investigation since the 1930s. The obstacle to quantization created by the dissipation of energy is usually dealt with by including a discrete set of additional harmonic oscillators as a reservoir. But a discrete reservoir cannot directly yield dynamics such as Ohmic damping (proportional to velocity) of the oscillator of interest. By using a continuum of oscillators as a reservoir, we canonically quantize the harmonic oscillator with Ohmic damping and also with general damping behaviour. The dynamics of a damped oscillator is determined by an arbitrary effective susceptibility that obeys Kramers-Kronig relations. This approach offers an alternative description of nano-mechanical oscillators and opto-mechanical systems.

T. G. Philbin

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

Quantum dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum theory of the damped harmonic oscillator has been a subject of continual investigation since the 1930s. The obstacle to quantization created by the dissipation of energy is usually dealt with by including a discrete set of additional harmonic oscillators as a reservoir. But a discrete reservoir cannot directly yield dynamics such as Ohmic damping (proportional to velocity) of the oscillator of interest. By using a continuum of oscillators as a reservoir, we canonically quantize the harmonic oscillator with Ohmic damping and also with general damping behaviour. The dynamics of a damped oscillator is determined by an arbitrary effective susceptibility that obeys Kramers-Kronig relations. This approach offers an alternative description of nano-mechanical oscillators and opto-mechanical systems.

Philbin, T G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

An axial xenon oscillation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-point xenon oscillation model was developed for PWRs. The model employs the nonlinear xenon and iodine balance equations and the one group, one-dimensional neutron diffusion equation having nonlinear power reactivity feedback. A two-term spatial harmonic series solution was assumed for the flux, xenon and iodine distributions. The system was made as close to critical as possible with the assumed distributions using a variational principle. The xenon and iodine concentrations were then obtained from their governing differential equations. The input/output nature of the model makes it ideal for simulation of xenon-induced reactor transients. A comparison of the simulated plant to actual plant data was made. The period of oscillation, stability index and flux amplitude of the simulated plant were all found to match the actual plant data with less than 10% error.

R.J. Onega; R.A. Kisner

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Graphene, neutrino mass and oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma is presented that other constant velocities can play the role of c in the theory of relativity. For example, in 2005 electrons of graphene were discovered to behave as if the coefficient is a Fermi velocity. Then we propose a conjecture for neutrinos to avoid the contradiction among two-component theory, negative rest mass-square and oscillation.

Z. Y. Wang

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

358

Micro-machined resonator oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micro-miniature resonator-oscillator is disclosed. Due to the miniaturization of the resonator-oscillator, oscillation frequencies of one MHz and higher are utilized. A thickness-mode quartz resonator housed in a micro-machined silicon package and operated as a telemetered sensor beacon'' that is, a digital, self-powered, remote, parameter measuring-transmitter in the FM-band. The resonator design uses trapped energy principles and temperature dependence methodology through crystal orientation control, with operation in the 20--100 MHz range. High volume batch-processing manufacturing is utilized, with package and resonator assembly at the wafer level. Unique design features include squeeze-film damping for robust vibration and shock performance, capacitive coupling through micro-machined diaphragms allowing resonator excitation at the package exterior, circuit integration and extremely small (0.1 in. square) dimensioning. A family of micro-miniature sensor beacons is also disclosed with widespread applications as bio-medical sensors, vehicle status monitors and high-volume animal identification and health sensors. The sensor family allows measurement of temperatures, chemicals, acceleration and pressure. A microphone and clock realization is also available. 21 figs.

Koehler, D.R.; Sniegowski, J.J.; Bivens, H.M.; Wessendorf, K.O.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Micro-machined resonator oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A micro-miniature resonator-oscillator is disclosed. Due to the miniaturization of the resonator-oscillator, oscillation frequencies of one MHz and higher are utilized. A thickness-mode quartz resonator housed in a micro-machined silicon package and operated as a "telemetered sensor beacon" that is, a digital, self-powered, remote, parameter measuring-transmitter in the FM-band. The resonator design uses trapped energy principles and temperature dependence methodology through crystal orientation control, with operation in the 20-100 MHz range. High volume batch-processing manufacturing is utilized, with package and resonator assembly at the wafer level. Unique design features include squeeze-film damping for robust vibration and shock performance, capacitive coupling through micro-machined diaphragms allowing resonator excitation at the package exterior, circuit integration and extremely small (0.1 in. square) dimensioning. A family of micro-miniature sensor beacons is also disclosed with widespread applications as bio-medical sensors, vehicle status monitors and high-volume animal identification and health sensors. The sensor family allows measurement of temperatures, chemicals, acceleration and pressure. A microphone and clock realization is also available.

Koehler, Dale R. (Albuquerque, NM); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Bivens, Hugh M. (Albuquerque, NM); Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

RESEARCH ARTICLE Schlieren measurements of internal waves in non-Boussinesq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Schlieren measurements of internal waves in non-Boussinesq fluids H. A. Clark forcing in Boussinesq stratified fluids. Here we present measurements of internal waves generated by a circular cylinder oscil- lating at large amplitude in a non-Boussinesq fluid. The `synthetic schlieren

Sutherland, Bruce

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The chemical-gas dynamic mechanisms of pulsating detonation wave instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The chemical-gas dynamic mechanisms of pulsating detonation wave instability By Mark Short1- dimensional pulsating detonation wave driven by a three-step chain-branching reac- tion are revealed by direct involves regular oscillations of the detonation front, where the instability is driven by low

Kapila, Ashwani K.

362

Impurity bands and quasi-Bloch waves for a one-dimensional model of modulated crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the theory of quasi-periodic functions while the second relies on periodicity properties, impurity band, quasi-Bloch wave, quantum chaos, spectral algorithm, deformed crystal, Charge-Density Wave coupled oscillators; consult the book [1] and the recent paper [14] to which we are about to borrow

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

The Pressure of Water Waves upon a Fixed Obstacle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...approximations are made for sections of ship form. The examination was made...applications in the problem of a ship advancing through a train of waves...small proportion of the observed effect; the motions of the ship, and in particular its oscillations...

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

MHK Technologies/Tunneled Wave Energy Converter TWEC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tunneled Wave Energy Converter TWEC Tunneled Wave Energy Converter TWEC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tunneled Wave Energy Converter TWEC.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization SeWave Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/TWEC Project Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Water Column Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Tunneled Wave Energy Converter TWEC utilizes the OWC principle through its use of a proposed bored out tunnel within a cliff side of the Faroe Islands Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 10/8/2010 << Return to the MHK database homepage

365

Collective behavior of coupled nonuniform stochastic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical studies of synchronization are usually based on models of coupled phase oscillators which, when isolated, have constant angular frequency. Stochastic discrete versions of these uniform oscillators have also appeared in the literature, with equal transition rates among the states. Here we start from the model recently introduced by Wood et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96}, 145701 (2006)], which has a collectively synchronized phase, and parametrically modify the phase-coupled oscillators to render them (stochastically) nonuniform. We show that, depending on the nonuniformity parameter $0\\leq \\alpha \\leq 1$, a mean field analysis predicts the occurrence of several phase transitions. In particular, the phase with collective oscillations is stable for the complete graph only for $\\alpha \\leq \\alpha^\\prime < 1$. At $\\alpha=1$ the oscillators become excitable elements and the system has an absorbing state. In the excitable regime, no collective oscillations were found in the model.

Vladimir R. V. Assis; Mauro Copelli

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

366

Neutrino interactions in oscillation experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the neutrino induced cross sections relevant for oscillation experiments, including the ?-lepton threshold for quasielastic, resonance and deep-inelastic scattering. In addition to threshold effects, we include nuclear corrections for heavy targets which are moderate for quasielastic and large for single pion production. The nuclear effects for deep-inelastic reactions are small. We present cross sections together with their nuclear corrections for various channels which are useful for interpreting the experimental results and for determining parameters of the neutrino sector. Finally, we calculate the ?-lepton event rates for the OPERA LBL experiment.

E. A. Paschos and J. Y. Yu

2002-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

On the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: Might they be related?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Marc d'Orgeville1 and W. Richard Peltier1 Received 3 August 2007; revised 21 September 2007; accepted 1. Peltier (2007), On the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: Might

Peltier, W. Richard

368

Non-standard Neutrino Oscillations at Icecube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I review the potential of Icecube for revealing physics beyond the standard model in the oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos.

M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Interfacing ultracold atoms and mechanical oscillators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis I present experiments investigating controlled coupling between mechanical oscillators and ultracold atoms. I report on three different coupling mechanisms. In a first… (more)

Camerer, Stephan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Nonlinear nanomechanical oscillators for ultrasensitive inertial detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for ultrasensitive mass and/or force detection of this invention includes a mechanical oscillator driven to oscillate in a nonlinear regime. The mechanical oscillator includes a piezoelectric base with at least one cantilever resonator etched into the piezoelectric base. The cantilever resonator is preferably a nonlinear resonator which is driven to oscillate with a frequency and an amplitude. The system of this invention detects an amplitude collapse of the cantilever resonator at a bifurcation frequency as the cantilever resonator stimulated over a frequency range. As mass and/or force is introduced to the cantilever resonator, the bifurcation frequency shifts along a frequency axis in proportion to the added mass.

Datskos, Panagiotis George; Lavrik, Nickolay V

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

CPT-Odd Resonances in Neutrino Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the consequences for future neutrino factory experiments of small CPT-odd interactions in neutrino oscillations. The ????? and ?¯???¯? survival probabilities at a baseline L=732 km can test for CPT-odd contributions at orders of magnitude better sensitivity than present neutrino sector limits. Interference between the CPT-violating interaction and CPT-even mass terms in the Lagrangian can lead to a resonant enhancement of the oscillation amplitude. For oscillations in matter, a simultaneous enhancement of both neutrino and antineutrino oscillation amplitudes is possible.

V. Barger; S. Pakvasa; T. J. Weiler; K. Whisnant

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

372

New wave equation for ultra-relativistic particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter we present a novel wave equation for ultra-relativistic matter, particles that satisfy the condition, $p>>m$, and whose energy-momentum relation can therefore be approximated by the relation, $E\\simeq p+\\frac{m^{2}}{2p}$. We discuss the implications of this wave equation and analyse their possible solutions. In particular, it is found that the plane-wave solution is completely consistent with the theory of neutrino oscillations. On the other hand, we also provide the Lagrangian formulation and discuss the associated conservation laws.

Ginés R. Pérez Teruel

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

Micromagnetic study of auto-oscillation modes in spin-Hall nano-oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a numerical study of magnetization dynamics in a recently introduced spin torque nano-oscillator, whose operational principle relies on the spin-Hall effect—spin-Hall nano-oscillators. Our numerical results show good agreement with the experimentally observed behaviors and provide detailed information about the features of the primary auto-oscillation mode observed in the experiments. They also clarify the physical nature of the secondary auto-oscillation mode, which was experimentally observed under certain conditions only.

Ulrichs, H., E-mail: henning.ulrichs@uni-muenster.de; Demidov, V. E.; Demokritov, S. O. [Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, University of Münster, Corrensstraße 2-4, 48149 Münster (Germany)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modified semi-classical methods for nonlinear quantum oscillations problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a modified semi-classical approach to the approximate solution of Schroedinger's equation for certain nonlinear quantum oscillations problems. In our approach, at lowest order, the Hamilton-Jacobi equation of the conventional semi-classical formalism is replaced by an inverted-potential-vanishing-energy variant thereof. With suitable smoothness, convexity and coercivity properties imposed on its potential energy function, we prove, using methods drawn from the calculus of variations together with the (Banach space) implicit function theorem, the existence of a global, smooth 'fundamental solution' to this equation. Higher order quantum corrections thereto, for both ground and excited states, can then be computed through the integration of associated systems of linear transport equations, derived from Schroedinger's equation, and formal expansions for the corresponding energy eigenvalues obtained therefrom by imposing the natural demand for smoothness on the (successively computed) quantum corrections to the eigenfunctions. For the special case of linear oscillators our expansions naturally truncate, reproducing the well-known exact solutions for the energy eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. As an explicit application of our methods to computable nonlinear problems, we calculate a number of terms in the corresponding expansions for the one-dimensional anharmonic oscillators of quartic, sectic, octic, and dectic types and compare the results obtained with those of conventional Rayleigh/Schroedinger perturbation theory. To the orders considered (and, conjecturally, to all orders) our eigenvalue expansions agree with those of Rayleigh/Schroedinger theory whereas our wave functions more accurately capture the more-rapid-than-gaussian decay known to hold for the exact solutions to these problems. For the quartic oscillator in particular our results strongly suggest that both the ground state energy eigenvalue expansion and its associated wave function expansion are Borel summable to yield natural candidates for the actual exact ground state solution and its energy. Our techniques for proving the existence of the crucial 'fundamental solution' to the relevant (inverted-potential-vanishing-energy) Hamilton-Jacobi equation have the important property of admitting interesting infinite dimensional generalizations. In a project paralleling the present one we shall show how this basic construction can be carried out for the Yang-Mills equations in Minkowski spacetime.

Moncrief, Vincent [Department of Physics and Department of Mathematics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Marini, Antonella [Department of Mathematics, Yeshiva University, 500 West 185th Street, New York, New York 10033, USA and Department of Mathematics, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio, 67010 L'Aquila, AQ (Italy); Maitra, Rachel [Department of Physics, Albion College, 611 E. Porter Street, Albion, Michigan 49224 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Visualization of Jet Mixing in a Fluidic Oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fluidic oscillator is a device that generates an oscillating jet when supplied with fluid at pressure. The oscillator has no moving parts - the creation of the unsteady jet is based solely on fluid-dynamic interactions. Fluidic oscillators can operate ... Keywords: Flow control, Fluid mixing, Fluidic oscillator, Pressure-sensitive paint

J. W. Gregory; J. P. Sullivan; S. Raghu

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The light mutant oscillator (LMO); a novel circadian oscillator in Neurospora crassa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRQ/WCC oscillator, several lines of evidence have implied the presence of other oscillators which may have important functions in the N. crassa circadian clock system. However, the molecular details are only known for the core FRQ/WCC oscillator...

Huang, He

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

BEHIND THE SURGE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SINCE JANUARY, the Food & Drug Administration has approved as many new molecular entities, or NMEs, as it did in all of 2010. The statistic has led drug industry watchers to wonder what prompted the seemingly sudden improvement in productivity and to ...

LISA M. JARVIS

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The gas surge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ultimately followed: Today, fracking, as it is known, is revolutionizing...companies have drilled thousands of fracking wells into once obscure geological...plays, such as the Bakken in North Dakota, fracking is primarily used to produce oil...

David Malakoff

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

379

Residential propane prices surges  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Midwest and Northeast propane prices much higher this winter than last year Households that heat with propane will pay for that propane at prices averaging 39 percent higher in the...

380

Residential propane prices surges  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.08 per gallon, down 8.6 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Residential propane prices surges  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.17 per gallon, down 13.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

382

Residential propane prices surges  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.30 per gallon, down 17.5 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel...

383

The gas surge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...S. SHALE GAS PRODUCTION SINCE 2007 40...TOTAL U.S. PRODUCTION 47—PERCENT INCREASE IN U.S. ELECTRICITY GENERATED USING...dusty gas drilling site in southwestern Kansas to try an experiment...40% of U.S. production, up from less...

David Malakoff

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

384

Assessment of wave energy variation in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since wave energy has the highest marine energy density in the coastal areas, assessment of its potential is of great importance. Furthermore, long term variation of wave power must be studied to ensure the availability of stable wave energy. In this paper, wave energy potential is assessed along the southern coasts of Iran, the Persian Gulf. For this purpose, SWAN numerical model and ECMWF wind fields were used to produce the time series of wave characteristics over 25 years from 1984 till 2008. Moreover, three points in the western, central and eastern parts of the Persian Gulf were selected and the time series of energy extracted from the modeled waves were evaluated at these points. The results show that there are both seasonal and decadal variations in the wave energy trends in all considered points due to the climate variability. There was a reduction in wave power values from 1990 to 2000 in comparison with the previous and following years. Comparison of wind speed and corresponding wave power variations indicates that a small variation in the wind speed can cause a large variation in the wave power. The seasonal oscillations lead to variation of the wave power from the lowest value in summer to the highest value in winter in all considered stations. In addition, the seasonal trend of wave power changed during the decadal variation of wave power. Directional variations of wave power were also assessed during the decadal variations and the results showed that the dominant direction of wave propagation changed in the period of 1990 to 2000 especially in the western station.

B. Kamranzad; A. Etemad-shahidi; V. Chegini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Petrovay: Solar physics Helioseismology SOLAR OSCILLATIONS: INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Solar oscillations first observed by both Doppler and intensity method (Leighton, Noyes & Simon 1962: ApPetrovay: Solar physics Helioseismology SOLAR OSCILLATIONS: INTRODUCTION Small departures from hydrostatic equilibrium caused by ­ turbulent convection ­ localized events related to solar activity (e

Petrovay, Kristóf

386

February 2002 Grid Scale Oscillations in MICOM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the implications of the grid scale oscillation on ­ Surface Fluxes that drive THC ­ Heat transport ­ MeridionalFebruary 2002 Grid Scale Oscillations in MICOM Balasubramanya T. Nadiga Los Alamos National Model · 3o displaced pole grid. 16 layers · Kraus-Turner Bulk Mixed Layer · Explicit diapycnal

Nadiga, Balasubramanya T. "Balu"

387

THE EFFECTS OF MAGNETIC-FIELD GEOMETRY ON LONGITUDINAL OSCILLATIONS OF SOLAR PROMINENCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the influence of the geometry of the solar filament magnetic structure on the large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations. A representative filament flux tube is modeled as composed of a cool thread centered in a dipped part with hot coronal regions on either side. We have found the normal modes of the system and establish that the observed longitudinal oscillations are well described with the fundamental mode. For small and intermediate curvature radii and moderate to large density contrast between the prominence and the corona, the main restoring force is the solar gravity. In this full wave description of the oscillation a simple expression for the oscillation frequencies is derived in which the pressure-driven term introduces a small correction. We have also found that the normal modes are almost independent of the geometry of the hot regions of the tube. We conclude that observed large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations are driven by the projected gravity along the flux tubes and are strongly influenced by the curvature of the dips of the magnetic field in which the threads reside.

Luna, M. [CRESST and Space Weather Laboratory NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Diaz, A. J. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Karpen, J. [NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

388

Plane waves Lumped systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems S x y z Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · open tube #12;2 Impedance · Plane waves ­ Lumped systems · closed tube Impedance · Cylindrical waves z x y r #12;3 Impedance · Cylindrical waves ­ Circumferential part n=0 n=1 n=2 n=3 Impedance · Cylindrical

Berlin,Technische Universität

389

Chemical sensor with oscillating cantilevered probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides a method of detecting a chemical species with an oscillating cantilevered probe. A cantilevered beam is driven into oscillation with a drive mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A free end of the oscillating cantilevered beam is tapped against a mechanical stop coupled to a base end of the cantilevered beam. An amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured with a sense mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A treated portion of the cantilevered beam is exposed to the chemical species, wherein the cantilevered beam bends when exposed to the chemical species. A second amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured, and the chemical species is determined based on the measured amplitudes.

Adams, Jesse D

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Wave turbulence revisited: Where does the energy flow?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbulence in a system of nonlinearly interacting waves is referred to as wave turbulence. It has been known since seminal work by Kolmogorov, that turbulent dynamics is controlled by a directional energy flux through the wavelength scales. We demonstrate that an energy cascade in wave turbulence can be bi-directional, that is, can simultaneously flow towards large and small wavelength scales from the pumping scales at which it is injected. This observation is in sharp contrast to existing experiments and wave turbulence theory where the energy flux only flows in one direction. We demonstrate that the bi-directional energy cascade changes the energy budget in the system and leads to formation of large-scale, large-amplitude waves similar to oceanic rogue waves. To study surface wave turbulence, we took advantage of capillary waves on a free, weakly charged surface of superfluid helium He-II at temperature 1.7K. Although He-II demonstrates non-classical thermomechanical effects and quantized vorticity, waves on its surface are identical to those on a classical Newtonian fluid with extremely low viscosity. The possibility of directly driving a charged surface by an oscillating electric field and the low viscosity of He-II have allowed us to isolate the surface dynamics and study nonlinear surface waves in a range of frequencies much wider than in experiments with classical fluids.

L. V. Abdurakhimov; I. A. Remizov; A. A. Levchenko; G. V. Kolmakov; Y. V. Lvov

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

391

Bifurcation structure of bubble oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods from chaos physics are applied to a model of a driven spherical gas bubble in water to determine its dynamic properties especially its resonance behavior and bifurcation structure. The dynamic properties are described in a growing level of abstraction by radius?time curves trajectories in state space strange attractors in the Poincaré plane basins of attraction bifurcation diagrams winding number diagrams and phase diagrams. A sequence of bifurcation diagrams is given exemplifying the recurrent pattern in the bifurcation set and its relation to the resonances of the system. Period?doubling cascades to chaos and back (‘‘period bubbling’’) are a prominent recurring feature connected with each resonance (demonstrated for period?1 period?2 and period?3 resonances and observed for some higher?order resonances). The recurrent nature of the bifurcation set is most easily seen in the phase diagrams given. A similar structure of the bifurcation set has also been found for other nonlinear oscillators (Duffing Toda laser and Morse).

U. Parlitz; V. Englisch; C. Scheffczyk; W. Lauterborn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Pulse combustor with controllable oscillations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pulse combustor having thermally induced pulse combustion in a continuously flowing system is described. The pulse combustor is fitted with at lease one elongated ceramic body which significantly increases the heat transfer area in the combustion chamber of the combustor. The ceramic body or bodies possess sufficient mass and heat capacity to ignite the fuel-air charge once the ceramic body or bodies are heated by conventional spark plug initiated combustion so as to provide repetitive ignition and combustion of sequentially introduced fuel-air charges without the assistance of the spark plug and the rapid quenching of the flame after each ignition in a controlled manner so as to provide a selective control over the oscillation frequency and amplitude. Additional control over the heat transfer in the combustion chamber is provided by employing heat exchange mechanisms for selectively heating or cooling the elongated ceramic body or bodies and/or the walls of the combustion chamber.

Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Welter, Michael J. (Columbiana, OH); Morris, Gary J. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

MHK Technologies/hyWave | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

hyWave hyWave < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage HyWave.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Wavegen subsidiary of Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Mutriku *MHK Projects/Wavegen Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The hyWave device rests directly on the seabed and is designed to operate in the near-shore environment in a nominal mean water depth of 15m. Optimum performance will be achieved when driven by a long ocean swell. The pneumatic power of the oscillating water column (OWC) is converted to electricity by a Wells generator and specially designed induction generators.

394

Surface electromagnetic wave equations in a warm magnetized quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the single-fluid plasma model, a theoretical investigation of surface electromagnetic waves in a warm quantum magnetized inhomogeneous plasma is presented. The surface electromagnetic waves are assumed to propagate on the plane between a vacuum and a warm quantum magnetized plasma. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic model includes quantum diffraction effect (Bohm potential), and quantum statistical pressure is used to derive the new dispersion relation of surface electromagnetic waves. And the general dispersion relation is analyzed in some special cases of interest. It is shown that surface plasma oscillations can be propagated due to quantum effects, and the propagation velocity is enhanced. Furthermore, the external magnetic field has a significant effect on surface wave's dispersion equation. Our work should be of a useful tool for investigating the physical characteristic of surface waves and physical properties of the bounded quantum plasmas.

Li, Chunhua; Yang, Weihong [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Wu, Zhengwei, E-mail: wuzw@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei (China); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Center of Low Temperature Plasma Application, Yunnan Aerospace Industry Company, Kunming, 650229 Yunnan (China); Chu, Paul K. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Interaction of two walkers: Wave-mediated energy and force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bouncing droplet, self-propelled by its interaction with the waves it generates, forms a classical wave-particle association called a "walker." Previous works have demonstrated that the dynamics of a single walker is driven by its global surface wave field that retains information on its past trajectory. Here, we investigate the energy stored in this wave field for two coupled walkers and how it conveys an interaction between them. For this purpose, we characterize experimentally the "promenade modes" where two walkers are bound, and propagate together. Their possible binding distances take discrete values, and the velocity of the pair depends on their mutual binding. The mean parallel motion can be either rectilinear or oscillating. The experimental results are recovered analytically with a simple theoretical framework. A relation between the kinetic energy of the droplets and the total energy of the standing waves is established.

Borghesi, Christian; Labousse, Matthieu; Eddi, Antonin; Fort, Emmanuel; Couder, Yves

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Neutron-Mirror-Neutron Oscillations in a Trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the rate of neutron-mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov; O. Lychkovskiy

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

397

Neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations in a trap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the rate of neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov and O. Lychkovskiy

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

398

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe using Earth's ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for gravitational waves is one of today's major scientific endeavors. A gravitational wave can interact with matter by exciting vibrations of elastic bodies. Earth itself is a large elastic body whose so-called normal-mode oscillations ring up when a gravitational wave passes. Therefore, precise measurement of vibration amplitudes can be used to search for the elusive gravitational-wave signals. Earth's free oscillations that can be observed after high-magnitude earthquakes have been studied extensively with gravimeters and low-frequency seismometers over many decades leading to invaluable insight into Earth's structure. Making use of our detailed understanding of Earth's normal modes, numerical models are employed for the first time to accurately calculate Earth's gravitational-wave response, and thereby turn a network of sensors that so far has served to improve our understanding of Earth, into an astrophysical observatory exploring our Universe. In this article, we constrain the energy density o...

Coughlin, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Dressed-state approach to matter-wave mixing of bosons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dressed-state approach to mixing of bosonic matter waves is presented. Two cases are studied using this formalism. In the first, two macroscopically populated modes of atoms (two-wave mixing) are coupled through the presence of light. In the second case, three modes of Bogoliubov quasiparticles (three-wave mixing) are coupled through s-wave interaction. In both cases, wave mixing induces oscillations in the population of the different modes that decay due to interactions. Analytic expressions for the dressed basis spectrum and the evolution of the mode populations in time are derived both for resonant mixing and nonresonant mixing. Oscillations in the population of a given mode are shown to lead to a splitting in the decay spectrum of that mode, in analogy with the optical Autler-Townes splitting in the decay spectrum of a strongly driven atom. These effects cannot be described by a mean-field approximation.

Rowen, E.; Ozeri, R.; Katz, N.; Pugatch, R.; Davidson, N. [Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe using Earth's ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for gravitational waves is one of today's major scientific endeavors. A gravitational wave can interact with matter by exciting vibrations of elastic bodies. Earth itself is a large elastic body whose so-called normal-mode oscillations ring up when a gravitational wave passes. Therefore, precise measurement of vibration amplitudes can be used to search for the elusive gravitational-wave signals. Earth's free oscillations that can be observed after high-magnitude earthquakes have been studied extensively with gravimeters and low-frequency seismometers over many decades leading to invaluable insight into Earth's structure. Making use of our detailed understanding of Earth's normal modes, numerical models are employed for the first time to accurately calculate Earth's gravitational-wave response, and thereby turn a network of sensors that so far has served to improve our understanding of Earth, into an astrophysical observatory exploring our Universe. In this article, we constrain the energy density of gravitational waves to values in the range 0.035 - 0.15 normalized by the critical energy density of the Universe at frequencies between 0.3mHz and 5mHz, using 10 years of data from the gravimeter network of the Global Geodynamics Project that continuously monitors Earth's oscillations. This work is the first step towards a systematic investigation of the sensitivity of gravimeter networks to gravitational waves. Further advance in gravimeter technology could improve sensitivity of these networks and possibly lead to gravitational-wave detection.

Michael Coughlin; Jan Harms

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Self-seeding ring optical parametric oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical parametric oscillator apparatus utilizing self-seeding with an external nanosecond-duration pump source to generate a seed pulse resulting in increased conversion efficiency. An optical parametric oscillator with a ring configuration are combined with a pump that injection seeds the optical parametric oscillator with a nanosecond duration, mJ pulse in the reverse direction as the main pulse. A retroreflecting means outside the cavity injects the seed pulse back into the cavity in the direction of the main pulse to seed the main pulse, resulting in higher conversion efficiency.

Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM); Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

402

Stars as resonant absorbers of gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quadrupole oscillation modes in stars can resonate with incident gravitational waves (GWs), and grow non-linear at the expense of GW energy. Stars near massive black hole binaries (MBHB) can act as GW-charged batteries, cooling radiatively. Mass-loss from these stars can prompt MBHB accretion at near-Eddington rates. GW opacity is independent of amplitude, so distant resonating stars can eclipse GW sources. Absorption by the Sun of GWs from Galactic white dwarf binaries may be detectable with second-generation space-based GW detectors as a shadow within a complex diffraction pattern.

B. McKernan; K. E. S. Ford; B. Kocsis; Z. Haiman

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

403

Review Paper. Neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments and experiments on the search for neutrinoless double beta-decay are briefly discussed. Neutrino Masses|Neutrino Oscillations|Neutrinoless Double beta-Decay| 10.1098/rspa.2003.1263 REVIEW PAPER...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Oscillations in the GSI electron capture experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper, oscillations observed in the electron capture probability were attributed to the mixing of neutrino mass eigenstates. This paper is shown to be in error in two respects.

H. Burkhardt; J. Lowe; G. J. Stephenson Jr.; T. Goldman; and Bruce H. J. McKellar

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

405

Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric neutrino and K2K data...

Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

406

Analysis of oscillating flow cooled SMA actuator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature, most of the cooling mechanisms involve unidirectional forced convection. This may not be the most effective method. Oscillating flow in a channel can sometimes enhance heat transfer over a unidirectional flow. One possible explanation...

Pachalla Seshadri, Rajagopal

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

CFD analysis of laminar oscillating flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a numerical simulations of oscillating flow in a constricted duct and compares the results with experimental and theoretical data. The numerical simulations were performed using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code CFX4.2. The numerical model simulates an experimental oscillating flow facility that was designed to test the properties and characteristics of oscillating flow in tapered ducts, also known as jet pumps. Jet pumps are useful devices in thermoacoustic machinery because they produce a secondary pressure that can counteract an unwanted effect called streaming, and significantly enhance engine efficiency. The simulations revealed that CFX could accurately model velocity, shear stress and pressure variations in laminar oscillating flow. The numerical results were compared to experimental data and theoretical predictions with varying success. The least accurate numerical results were obtained when laminar flow approached transition to turbulent flow.

Booten, C. W. Charles W.); Konecni, S. (Snezana); Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Martin, R. A. (Richard A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Spatial xenon oscillation control with expert systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial power oscillations were attributed to the xenon transients in a reactor core in 1958 by Randall and St. John. These transients are usually initiated by a local reactivity insertion and lead to divergent axial flux oscillations in the core at constant power. Several heuristic manual control strategies and automatic control methods were developed to damp the xenon oscillations at constant power operations. However, after the load-follow operation of the reactors became a necessity of life, a need for better control strategies arose. Even though various advanced control strategies were applied to solve the xenon oscillation control problem for the load-follow operation, the complexity of the system created difficulties in modeling. The strong nonlinearity of the problem requires highly sophisticated analytical approaches that are quite inept for numerical solutions. On the other hand, the complexity of a system and heuristic nature of the solutions are the basic reasons for using artificial intelligence techniques such as expert systems.

Alten, S. (Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, Ankara (Turkey)); Danofsky, R.A. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The YNEV stellar evolution and oscillation code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a new stellar evolution and oscillation code YNEV, which calculates the structures and evolutions of stars, taking into account hydrogen and helium burning. A nonlocal turbulent convection theory and an updated overshoot mixing model are optional in this code. The YNEV code can evolve low- and intermediate-mass stars from pre-main sequence (PMS) to thermal pulsing asymptotic branch giant (TP-AGB) or white dwarf. The YNEV oscillation code calculates the eigenfrequencies and eigenfunctions of the adiabatic oscillations of given stellar structure. The input physics and the numerical scheme adopted in the code are introduced in this paper. The examples of solar models, stellar evolutionary tracks of low- and intermediate-mass stars with different convection theory (i.e., mixing-length theory (MLT) and the nonlocal turbulent convection theory), and stellar oscillations are shown.

Zhang, Q S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Synchronization of Mechanical Oscillators: An Experimental Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYNCHRONIZATION OF MECHANICAL OSCILLATORS: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY A Thesis by ROOZBEH DANESHVAR Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 2010 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering SYNCHRONIZATION OF MECHANICAL OSCILLATORS: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY A Thesis by ROOZBEH DANESHVAR Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements...

Daneshvar, Roozbeh

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

411

Chaos control of parametric driven Duffing oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Duffing resonators are typical dynamic systems, which can exhibit chaotic oscillations, subject to certain driving conditions. Chaotic oscillations of resonating systems with negative and positive spring constants are identified to investigate in this paper. Parametric driver imposed on these two systems affects nonlinear behaviours, which has been theoretically analyzed with regard to variation of driving parameters (frequency, amplitude). Systematic calculations have been performed for these two systems driven by parametric pumps to unveil the controllability of chaos.

Jin, Leisheng; Mei, Jie; Li, Lijie, E-mail: L.Li@swansea.ac.uk [College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair E. Shumakher and G microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair are described. The two oscillators have different spectral purities and exhibits low phase noise and highly suppressed spurious modes. Optoelectronic oscillators are employed

Eisenstein, Gadi

413

An Accelerated Poincar e-map method for Autonomous Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Accelerated Poincar#19;e-map method for Autonomous Oscillators S.H.M.J. Houben #3; and J between non-autonomous and autonomous oscillators. Non-autonomous (or driven) oscillators have a time. On the other hand, autonomous (or free-running) oscillators have no time-dependent in- put signal, which means

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

414

Neutrino oscillation signatures of oxygen-neon-magnesium supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the flavor conversion of neutrinos from core collapse supernovae that have oxygen-neon-magnesium (ONeMg) cores. Using the numerically calculated evolution of the star up to 650 ms post bounce, we find that, for the normal mass hierarchy, the electron neutrino flux in a detector shows signatures of two typical features of an ONeMg-core supernova: a sharp step in the density profile at the base of the He shell and a faster shock wave propagation compared to iron core supernovae. Before the shock hits the density step (t ~ 150 ms), the survival probability of electron neutrinos is about 0.68, in contrast to values of 0.32 or less for an iron core supernova. The passage of the shock through the step and its subsequent propagation cause a decrease of the survival probability and a decrease of the amplitude of oscillations in the Earth, reflecting the transition to a more adiabatic propagation inside the star. These changes affect the lower energy neutrinos first; they are faster and more sizable for larger theta_13. They are unique of ONeMg-core supernovae, and give the possibility to test the speed of the shock wave. The time modulation of the Earth effect and its negative sign at the neutronization peak are the most robust signatures in a detector.

C. Lunardini; B. Mueller; H. -Th. Janka

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

415

Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High amplitude, nearly coherent X-ray brightness oscillations during thermonuclear X-ray bursts were discovered with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) in early 1996. Spectral and timing evidence strongly supports the conclusion that these oscillations are caused by rotational modulation of the burst emission and that they reveal the spin frequency of neutron stars in low mass X-ray binaries, a long sought goal of X-ray astronomy. Studies carried out over the past year have led to the discovery of burst oscillations in four new sources, bringing to ten the number with confirmed burst oscillations. I review the status of our knowledge of these oscillations and indicate how they can be used to probe the physics of neutron stars. For a few burst oscillation sources it has been proposed that the strongest and most ubiquitous frequency is actually the first overtone of the spin frequency and hence that two nearly antipodal hot spots are present on the neutron star. This inference has important implications for both the physics of thermonuclear burning as well as the mass - radius relation for neutron stars, so its confirmation is crucial. I discuss recent attempts to confirm this hypothesis for 4U 1636-53, the source for which a signal at the putative fundamental (290 Hz) has been claimed.

Tod E. Strohmayer

2001-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

416

Emission Origin for the Wave of Quanta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that certain assumptions about the process of the emission of the quanta by their (oscillating) emitter provide for their changing (oscillatory) flux at any location. This mechanism underlying (such) wave phenomena is not based, both, on the newtonian notion of force and the field concept (of Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz and Einstein). When applied to the case of thermal radiation, this emission origin for the wave of quanta is shown here to be consistent with the laws of the black body radiation. We conclude therefore also that a conceptual framework, which is not rooted in the notion of force and in the field concept, may provide a deterministic basis underlying the probabilistic methods of the quantum theory.

Sanjay M Wagh

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Broadband acoustic imaging of breaking waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An acoustic array was deployed in the near?surface layer in Saanich Inlet BC to image breaking waves using only the naturally occurring acoustical radiation in the band (160 and 2000 Hz) from the breaking region. The 15?element array was configured as a horizontal cross with an 8?m aperture bottom?moored and positioned nominally 3 m beneath the surface. A novel broadband scheme combined information at six independent frequencies above about 400 Hz to yield unambiguous resolved images. A parametric image analysis shows that the images align closely with the wind and can be observed moving downwind with a speed roughly equal to the dominant phase speed of the wind waves. Absolute power levels are found to be consistent with previously published results. The data also provide inferences regarding the sound generation mechanism at ‘‘collective oscillation’’ frequencies below about 400 Hz. [Work supported by ONR.

Rex K. Andrew; David M. Farmer; R. Lynn Kirlin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Flows and Waves in Braided Solar Coronal Magnetic Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the high frequency dynamics in the braided magnetic structure of an active region (AR 11520) moss as observed by High-Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C). We detect quasi periodic flows and waves in these structures. We search for high frequency dynamics while looking at power maps of the observed region. We find that shorter periodicites (30 - 60 s) are associated with small spatial scales which can be resolved by Hi-C only. We detect quasi periodic flows with wide range of velocities from 13 - 185 km/s associated with braided regions. This can be interpreted as plasma outflows from reconnection sites. We also find presence of short period and large amplitude transverse oscillations associated with braided magnetic region. Such oscillations could be triggered by reconnection or such oscillation may trigger reconnection.

Pant, V; Banerjee, Dipankar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

PROPAGATING WAVES ALONG SPICULES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alfvenic waves are thought to play an important role in coronal heating and acceleration of solar wind. Here we investigate the statistical properties of Alfvenic waves along spicules (jets that protrude into the corona) in a polar coronal hole using high-cadence observations of the Solar Optical Telescope on board Hinode. We developed a technique for the automated detection of spicules and high-frequency waves. We detected 89 spicules and found (1) a mix of upward propagating, downward propagating, as well as standing waves (occurrence rates of 59%, 21%, and 20%, respectively); (2) the phase speed gradually increases with height; (3) upward waves dominant at lower altitudes, standing waves at higher altitudes; (4) standing waves dominant in the early and late phases of each spicule, while upward waves were dominant in the middle phase; (5) in some spicules, we find waves propagating upward (from the bottom) and downward (from the top) to form a standing wave in the middle of the spicule; and (6) the medians of the amplitude, period, and velocity amplitude were 55 km, 45 s, and 7.4 km s{sup -1}, respectively. We speculate that upward propagating waves are produced near the solar surface (below the spicule) and downward propagating waves are caused by reflection of (initially) upward propagating waves off the transition region at the spicule top. The mix of upward and downward propagating waves implies that exploiting these waves to perform seismology of the spicular environment requires careful analysis and may be problematic.

Okamoto, Takenori J. [National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); De Pontieu, Bart, E-mail: joten.okamoto@nao.ac.jp [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, B/252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Optimum design of on-line measurements of thermophysical properties using temperature oscillation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presented temperature oscillation techniques operate in a steady-periodic mode independent of initial conditions. They are used for on-line measurement of thermal diffusivity, conductivity and specific heat of liquids. Peltier-elements generate a periodic temperature oscillation at the outer surface of a reference layer, which is in contact with the liquid specimen. The temperature wave propagates through the reference layer into the specimen. The thermal diffusivity of the specimen is deduced by measuring and evaluating the amplitude attenuation and/or the phase shift between the fundamental temperature oscillation at the surface of the liquid specimen and at a well defined position inside the specimen. If the thermal diffusivity of the specimen is known, the thermal conductivity is determined by the measured amplitude attenuation and/or the phase shift between the fundamental temperature oscillation at both surfaces of the reference layer, one of which is in contact with the liquid specimen. With additional measurement of the density the specific heat capability is evaluated from thermal diffusivity and conductivity. Slab and semi-infinite body geometries are considered. The direct heat conduction problem is solved to specify the optimum design of the measurement apparatus by means of sensitivity coefficient studies. Measurement cells are designed and, to confirm the practical applicability, experiments are carried out with different liquids. Measured thermal diffusivities agree very well, and thermal conductivities and specific heat capacities reasonably well with data from the literature.

Czarnetzki, W.; Roetzel, W. [Univ. der Bundeswehr Hamburg (Germany)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Self-organized Criticality Model for Ocean Internal Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a simple spring-block model for ocean internal waves based on the self-organized criticality (SOC). The oscillations of the water blocks in the model display power-law behavior with an exponent of –2 in the frequency domain, which is similar to the current and sea water temperature spectra in the actual ocean and the universal Garrett and Munk deep ocean internal wave model [Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 2 (1972) 225; J. Geophys. Res. 80 (1975) 291]. The influence of the ratio of the driving force to the spring coefficient to SOC behaviors in the model is also discussed.

Wang Gang; Lin Min; Qiao Fang-Li; Hou Yi-Jun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

MHK Technologies/Syphon Wave Generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Syphon Wave Generator Syphon Wave Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Syphon Wave Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Energy Corp Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Water Column Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Syphon Wave Generator is composed of a horizontal pipe containing a propeller driven generator mounted above the highest normal wave at high tide and two or more vertical pipes at least one at each end of the horizontal pipe Each vertical pipe must extend below the water surface at all times and have openings below the surface All the air must be removed from the pipe thus filling the unit completely with water When the crest of a wave reaches the first vertical pipe the water level will be higher at that pipe than at the second vertical pipe This causes water to flow up the first pipe and through the horizontal pipe thus turning the propeller and generator to produce electricity and then down the second vertical pipe due to the siphon effect When the crest of the wave moves to the second vertical pipe the water level is higher there than at the first pipe This will cause the water to flow up the second pipe and through the system in the opposite direction again prod

423

MHK Technologies/OCEANTEC Wave Energy Converter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Energy Converter Wave Energy Converter < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage OCEANTEC Wave Energy Converter.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization OCEANTEC Energias Marinas S L Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description OCEANTEC Marine Energy Company Ltd owned by Iberdrola and TECNALIA is developing a sensor for wave energy technology type Spanish attenuator Floating body oscillates due to wave excitation in its main DOF pitch Mooring system allows the body to weathervane so that it is faced to the predominant wave propagation direction Main advantage capture system completely encapsulated free of contact with sea water A flywheel continuously spins under the action of an electric motor Z The pitching motion of the WEC caused by wave action is transformed into an alternating precession in the longitudinal hull axis X A coupling device transforms this precession into an unidirectional rotation of higher frequency that is used to feed a conventional electric generator

424

ARE PULSING SOLITARY WAVES RUNNING INSIDE THE SUN?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A precise sequence of frequencies-detected four independent ways-is interpreted as a system of solitary waves below the Sun's convective envelope. Six future observational or theoretical tests of this idea are suggested. Wave properties (rotation rates, radial energy distribution, nuclear excitation strength) follow from conventional dynamics of global oscillation modes after assuming a localized nuclear term strong enough to perturb and hold mode longitudes into alignments that form 'families'. To facilitate future tests, more details are derived for a system of two dozen solitary waves 2 {<=} l {<=} 25. Wave excitation by {sup 3}He and {sup 14}C burning is complex. It spikes by factors M{sub 1} {<=} 10{sup 3} when many waves overlap in longitude but its long-time average is M{sub 2} {<=} 10. Including mixing can raise overall excitation to {approx}50 times that in a standard solar model. These spikes cause tiny phase shifts that tend to pull wave rotation rates toward their ideal values {proportional_to}[l(l + 1)]{sup -1}. A system like this would generate some extra nuclear energy in two spots at low latitude on opposite sides of the Sun. Each covers about 20 Degree-Sign of longitude. Above a certain wave amplitude, the system starts giving distinctly more nuclear excitation to some waves (e.g., l = 9, 14, and 20) than to neighboring l values. The prominence of l = 20 has already been reported. This transition begins at temperature amplitudes {Delta}T/T = 0.03 in the solar core for a typical family of modes, which corresponds to {delta}T/T {approx} 0.001 for one of its many component oscillation modes.

Wolff, Charles L., E-mail: charles.l.wolff@nasa.gov [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nonequilibrium free energy, H theorem and self-sustained oscillations for Boltzmann-BGK descriptions of semiconductor superlattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semiconductor superlattices (SL) may be described by a Boltzmann-Poisson kinetic equation with a Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) collision term which preserves charge, but not momentum or energy. Under appropriate boundary and voltage bias conditions, these equations exhibit time-periodic oscillations of the current caused by repeated nucleation and motion of charge dipole waves. Despite this clear nonequilibrium behavior, if we `close' the system by attaching insulated contacts to the superlattice and keeping its voltage bias to zero volts, we can prove the H theorem, namely that a free energy $\\Phi(t)$ of the kinetic equations is a Lyapunov functional ($\\Phi\\geq 0$, $d\\Phi/dt\\leq 0$). Numerical simulations confirm that the free energy decays to its equilibrium value for a closed SL, whereas for an `open' SL under appropriate dc voltage bias and contact conductivity $\\Phi(t)$ oscillates in time with the same frequency as the current self-sustained oscillations.

M Alvaro; L L Bonilla

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

A double-frequency dwarf nova oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have detected coherent oscillations (``dwarf nova oscillations'') in Hubble Space Telescope spectra of the dwarf nova OY Car. The oscillations were seen towards the end of a superoutburst of OY Car. The oscillations are extraordinary compared to the many other examples in the literature for two reasons. First, their amplitude is large, with a peak-to-peak variation of 8 to 20% of the total flux over the range 1100 to 2500A. However, most remarkably we find that there are two components present simultaneously. Both have periods close to 18sec (equivalent to 4800 cycles/day) but they are separated by 57.7+/-0.5 cycles/day. The lower frequency component of the pair has a strong second harmonic while its companion, which has about twice its amplitude, does not. The oscillation spectra appear hotter than the mean spectrum and approximately follow the continuum distribution of a black-body with a temperature in the range 30,000 to 50,000K. We tentatively suggest that the weaker non-sinusoidal component could represent the rotation of the white dwarf, although we have been unable to recover any such signal in quiescent data.

T. R. Marsh; Keith Horne

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Sub-structure of laser generated harmonics reveals plasma dynamics of a relativistically oscillating mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical and experimental investigations of the dynamics of a relativistically oscillating plasma slab reveal spectral line splitting in laser driven harmonic spectra, leading to double harmonic series. Both series are well characterized with harmonics arising by two fundamental frequencies. While a relativistic oscillation of the critical density drives the harmonic emission, the splitting is a result of an additional acceleration during the laser pulse duration. In comparison with the oscillatory movement, this acceleration is rather weak and can be described by a plasma shock wave driven by the pressure of light. We introduce particle in cell simulations and an analytical model explaining the harmonic line splitting. The derived analytical formula gives direct access between the splitting in the harmonic spectrum and the acceleration of the plasma surface.

Braenzel, J.; Schnürer, M.; Steinke, S.; Priebe, G.; Sandner, W. [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Andreev, A. [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany) [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Platonov, K. [Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)] [Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Phase-mixing of Langmuir oscillations in cold electron-positron-ion plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Space-time evolution of Langmuir oscillations in a cold homogeneous electron-positron-ion plasma has been analyzed by employing a straightforward perturbation expansion method, showing phase-mixing and, thus, wave-breaking of excited oscillations at arbitrary amplitudes. Within an assumption of infinitely massive ions, an approximate phase-mixing time is found to scale as ?{sub pe}t{sub mix}?[(6/?{sup 2})((2??){sup 5/2}/(1??))]{sup 1/3}, where “?” and “?” (= n{sub 0i}/n{sub 0e}) are the amplitude of perturbation and the ratio of equilibrium ion density to equilibrium electron density, respectively, and ?{sub pe}??(4?n{sub 0e}e{sup 2}/m) is the electron plasma frequency. The results presented on phase-mixing of Langmuir modes in multispecies plasmas are expected to be relevant to laboratory and astrophysical environments.

Maity, Chandan [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Numerical analysis of the coherent radiation emission by two stacked Josephson flux-flow oscillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The numerical investigation of the radiation emission by a system of two magnetically coupled, long Josephson junctions is reported. Time-dependent synchronized voltage response in the flux-flow regime is analyzed for the case of in-phase and out-of-phase oscillations in the junctions. Simulations show that Josephson junctions operating in the in-phase flux-flow mode may generate rf radiation power by a factor of more than 4 larger than that of a single Josephson junction. The radiation in the out-of-phase flux-flow mode is characterized by nearly completely suppressed amplitudes of odd harmonics and considerably damped even harmonics as compared to that of a single barrier junction. The dependence of the radiation power on the parameter spread between the junctions is investigated. The advantages of using stacked Josephson junctions as oscillators for the sub-mm wave band are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Wallraff, A.; Goldobin, E.; Ustinov, A.V. [Institute of Thin Film and Ion Technology, Research Center Juelich (KFA), D-52425 (Germany)] [Institute of Thin Film and Ion Technology, Research Center Juelich (KFA), D-52425 (Germany)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Autoresonance energy transfer versus localization in weakly coupled oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the distribution of energy between weakly coupled linear and nonlinear oscillators in a two-degree-of-freedom (2D) system. Two classes of problems are studied analytically and numerically: (1) a periodic force with constant frequency is applied to the nonlinear (Duffing) oscillator with slowly time-decreasing linear stiffness; (2) the time-independent nonlinear oscillator is excited by a force with slowly increasing frequency. In both cases, stiffness of the attached linear oscillator and linear coupling remain constant, and the system is initially engaged in resonance. This paper demonstrates that in the systems of the first type autoresonance (AR) occurs in both oscillators while in systems of the second type AR occurs only in the excited nonlinear oscillator but the coupled linear oscillator exhibits small bounded oscillations. Considering slow detuning, we obtain explicit asymptotic approximations for the amplitudes and the phases of oscillations close to exact (numerical) results.

Agnessa Kovaleva; Leonid Manevitch

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

Love wave surface acoustic wave sensor for ice detection on aircraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the design fabrication experimental results and theoretical validation of a Love wave surface acoustic wave sensor for detecting the phase change from liquid water to solid ice. The sensing of this phase transition is due to the shear horizontal nature of Love waves which couple to a solid (ice) but not to a liquid (water). An SiO2 film of thickness 3.2 ?m deposited on an ST cut quartz wafer via plasma?enhanced chemical?vapor deposition acts as the guiding layer for Love waves. Testing is carried out with the water or ice placed directly in the propagation path of Love waves. An oscillation frequency shift of 2 MHz is observed when water on the sensor is frozen and melted cyclically. The contribution to the frequency shift is explained in terms of the acousto?electric effect (high permittivity and conductivity of water relative to ice) mass loading and elastic film formation (solid ice). An arrangement for wireless interrogation of the sensor is proposed which is particularly attractive for aircraft and rotorcraft applications obviating the need for complex wiring and local power sources. t

Vasundara V. Varadan; Sunil Gangadharan; Vijay K. Varadan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Theory of shape oscillations of drops and bubbles driven by modulated radiation stresses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deformations of drops and bubbles opposed by surface tension and driven by radiation stresses at the interface are calculated using spherical harmonic expansions for the radial and tangential stresses. Superposed acoustic waves produce stresses which oscillate at the difference frequency ? of the waves in addition to static stresses. When the effects of viscosity on the acoustic waves are omitted. the tangential radiation stress vanishes; a procedure is proposed for calculating the radial stresses from the theory for “Acoustic Radiation Pressure on a Compressible Sphere” [K. Yosioka and Y. Kawasima Acustica 5 167–173 (1955)]. The calculation of the response assumes incompressible second?order flow and omits the body forces which are normally associated with acoustic streaming.Resonance phase shifts and enhancements of the response should occur when ? is close to the natural oscillation frequency of a mode. Quadrupole resonance phase shifts and enhancements have been observed [P. L. Marston and R. E. Apfel J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63 S41(A) (1978): J. Colloid Interface Sci. 68 280–286 (1979)]. [Work performed at Yale University and supported by ONR.

Philip L. Marston

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

MiniBooNE Oscillation Results 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MiniBooNE neutrino oscillation search experiment at Fermilab has recently updated results from a search for {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 8.58 x 10{sup 20} protons on target in anti-neutrino mode. This high statistics result represent an increase in statistics of 52% compared to result published in 2010. An excess of 57.7 {+-} 28.5 events is observed in the energy range 200 MeV < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV. The data favor LSND-like {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations over a background only hypothesis at 91.1% confidence level in the energy range 475 < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV.

Djurcic, Zelimir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Unsteady aerodynamic analysis of subsonic oscillating cascade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of the source-doublet-based potential paneling method for oscillating cascade unsteady aerodynamic load predictions. By using the integral influence coefficient method and by using the interblade phase angles, the unsteady loads on an oscillating cascade can be accurately predicted at a minimum cost. As the grids are placed only on the blade surfaces, the blades are allowed to vibrate without grid deformation problems. Four notable subsonic oscillating cascade test cases that cover most important parameters, e.g., blade geometry, interblade phase angle, flow coefficient, flow speed, frequency, etc., are studied in this paper. The agreement between the present solutions and other numerical/experimental results demonstrates the robustness of the present model. Applicability of the method for realistic compressible flow cascades is also discussed.

Chen, S.H.; Eastland, A.H.; Jackson, E.D. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Harmonic oscillator in presence of nonequilibrium environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on a microscopic Hamiltonian picture where the system is coupled with the nonequilibrium environment, comprising of a set of harmonic oscillators, the Langevin equation with proper microscopic specification of Langevin force is formulated analytically. In our case, the reservoir is perturbed by an external force, either executing rapid or showing periodic fluctuations, hence the reservoir is not in thermal equilibrium. In the presence of external fluctuating force, using Shapiro-Loginov procedure, we arrive at the linear coupled first order differential equations for the two-time correlations and examine the time evolution of the same considering the system as a simple harmonic oscillator. We study the stochastic resonance phenomena of a Kubo-type oscillator (assumed to be the system) when the bath is modulated by a periodic force. The result(s) obtained here is of general significance and can be used to analyze the signature of stochastic resonance.

Chaudhuri, Jyotipratim Ray [Department of Physics, Katwa College, Katwa, Burdwan 713130 (India); Chaudhury, Pinaki [Department of Chemistry, University of Culcutta, Kolkata 700009 (India); Chattopadhyay, Sudip [Department of Chemistry, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Howrah 711103 (India)

2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

436

Brownian parametric quantum oscillator with dissipation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the quantum fluctuational properties of a parametric oscillator with and without coupling to an Ohmic environment. After considering the momentum and coordinate variances as a function of initial squeezing for the undamped dynamics, we invoke the functional integral method to derive the fully exact reduced density matrix for parametric dissipative quantum Brownian motion, covering the whole temperature regime from T=0 up to the classical limit at room temperatures. Moreover, we present the exact result for the quantum master equation for both the density matrix and the corresponding Wigner function. The time evolution of the covariance matrix elements of damped quantum fluctuations is studied numerically. These variances undergo within the regime of global stability asymptotic, periodic oscillations. As an interesting result, we find that the minima of these oscillations fall below the corresponding thermal equilibrium values.

Christine Zerbe and Peter Hänggi

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

BNL | Baryonic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Baryonic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) Baryonic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) sloan telescope The 2.5-meter Sloan telescope in New Mexico Mapping the Luminous Universe How are galaxies clustered together? What is fueling the accelerating expansion of the universe? Just what is dark energy? These are the big questions that scientists working at the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) are asking. Brookhaven National Lab is a member of BOSS, the largest of the four surveys that make up the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, which maps the sky over the Northern Hemisphere with New Mexico's 2.5-meter Sloan telescope in an attempt to define dark energy and measure its effects. Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and SDSS-II, the SDSS-III collaboration is working to map the Milky Way, search

438

Kelvin Waves around Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Southern Ocean allows circumpolar structure and the Antarctic coastline plays a role as a waveguide for oceanic Kelvin waves. Under the cyclic conditions, the horizontal wavenumbers and frequencies for circumpolarly propagating waves are ...

Kazuya Kusahara; Kay I. Ohshima

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Single-ion nonlinear mechanical oscillator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the steady-state motion of a single trapped ion oscillator driven to the nonlinear regime. Damping is achieved via Doppler laser cooling. The ion motion is found to be well described by the Duffing oscillator model with an additional nonlinear damping term. We demonstrate here the unique ability of tuning both the linear as well as the nonlinear damping coefficients by controlling the laser-cooling parameters. Our observations pave the way for the investigation of nonlinear dynamics on the quantum-to-classical interface as well as mechanical noise squeezing in laser-cooling dynamics.

Akerman, N.; Kotler, S.; Glickman, Y.; Dallal, Y.; Keselman, A.; Ozeri, R. [Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Neutrino Oscillations, Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review the experimental evidence for neutrino mixing and neutrino mass. Searches for possible branches into heavy neutrinos do not reveal evidence for static mixing with branching ratios larger than 10?4 to 10?6. Similarly neutrino oscillation experiments show no evidence for dynamic mixing in various oscillation channels. Stringent limits for ? e disappearance from a recent reactor experiment are presented. Results from neutrinoless double beta decay provide sensitive test for Majorana mass and right?hand couplings the present limits being 3–10 eV and 10?5 respectively.

F. Boehm

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oscillation damping of chiral string loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chiral cosmic string loop tends to the stationary (vorton) configuration due to the energy loss into the gravitational and electromagnetic radiation. We describe the asymptotic behaviour of near stationary chiral loops and their fading to vortons. General limits on the gravitational and electromagnetic energy losses by near stationary chiral loops are found. For these loops we estimate the oscillation damping time. We present solvable examples of gravitational radiation energy loss by some chiral loop configurations. The analytical dependence of string energy with time is found in the case of the chiral ring with small amplitude radial oscillations.

Eugeny Babichev; Vyacheslav Dokuchaev

2002-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

442

Energy Ambiguity and the Inductive Rail Oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In electric or mixed electric-mechanic systems the distinction between potential and kinetic energy is not as clear as in purely mechanical systems. A solution for the motion of an inductively loaded rail generator is presented. In this case the magnetic fieldenergy (½)Li 2 can be written formally in terms of a potential energy while physically it is something different. The analogy between mechanical and electric oscillators has limits and harmonic oscillators can operate without potential energy both of which must be pointed out by physics teachers.

Patrick C. Hecking

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Gravity perturbed Crapper waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves are known to have multi-valued height. Using...gravity-capillary waves with multi-valued height. The...of single-valued and multi-valued travelling waves...absence of gravity, a family of exact solutions is...elliptic functions. Building upon the work by Tanveer...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment of the Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter Based on the EquiMar Methodology S of the wave energy sector, device developers are called to provide reliable estimates on power performanceMar, Nissum Bredning, Hanstholm, North Sea, Ekofisk, Wave-to-wire, Wave energy. I. INTRODUCTION The wave

Hansen, René Rydhof

445

The Effect of Wave Breaking on the Wave Energy Spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of wave breaking on the wave energy spectral shape is examined. The Stokes wave-breaking criterion is first extended to random waves and a breaking wave model is established in which the elevation of breaking waves is expressed in ...

C. C. Tung; N. E. Huang

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Theory versus experiment for vacuum Rabi oscillations in lossy cavities. II. Direct test of uniqueness of vacuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper continues the analysis of vacuum Rabi oscillations we started in part I [Phys. Rev. A 79, 033836 (2009)]. Here we concentrate on experimental consequences for cavity QED of two different classes of representations of harmonic-oscillator Lie algebras. The zero-temperature master equation, derived in part I for irreducible representations of the algebra, is reformulated in a reducible representation that models electromagnetic fields by a gas of harmonic-oscillator wave packets. The representation is known to introduce automatic regularizations that in irreducible representations would have to be justified by ad hoc arguments. Predictions based on this representation are characterized in thermodynamic limit by a single parameter {sigma}, responsible for collapses and revivals of Rabi oscillations in exact vacuum. Collapses and revivals disappear in the limit {sigma}{yields}{infinity}. Observation of a finite {sigma} would mean that cavity quantum fields are described by a non-Wightmanian theory, where vacuum states are zero-temperature Bose-Einstein condensates of a N-particle bosonic oscillator gas and, thus, are nonunique. The data collected in the experiment of Brune et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1800 (1996)] are consistent with any {sigma}>400.

Wilczewski, Marcin; Czachor, Marek [Katedra Fizyki Teoretycznej i Informatyki Kwantowej, Politechnika Gdanska, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Krajowe Centrum Informatyki Kwantowej, 81-824 Sopot (Poland) and Centrum Leo Apostel (CLEA), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Solitary waves in Galilean covariant Fermi field theories with self-interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generalized Levy-Leblond equation for a $(3+1)$-dimensional self-interacting Fermi field is considered. Spin up solitary wave solutions with space oscillations in the $x^3$-coordinate are constructed. The solutions are shown to accumulate non-equal amounts of inertial and rest masses.

Saradzhev, Fuad M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Lie symmetry analysis of electron–electromagnetic wave interaction under condition of the anomalous Doppler effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lie symmetry analysis is applied for a problem of interaction of electron cyclotron oscillators with a slow electromagnetic wave under condition of the anomalous Doppler effect. This analysis reveals scaling invariance of the system and existence of self-similar solutions which describe amplification of a short electromagnetic pulse with its subsequent compression. The results of theoretical analysis are confirmed by numerical simulations.

N.M. Ryskin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

MHK Technologies/IVEC Floating Wave Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IVEC Floating Wave Power Plant IVEC Floating Wave Power Plant < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage IVEC Floating Wave Power Plant.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ivec Pty Ltd Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7 8 Open Water System Testing Demonstration and Operation Technology Description FWP design is based on an array of linked OWC s or chambers Similar to the cylinders of a combustion engine each FWP chamber has inlet low pressure flaps valves and outlet high pressure flaps valves As a wave passes through the FWP the water level and thus the air pressure within each chamber oscillates depending on its position within the wave cycle Mooring Configuration single point

450

Investigation and Construction of Self-oscillating Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-oscillating reactions have been widely observed and studied since the last century because they exhibit unique behaviors different from the traditional chemical reactions. Self-oscillating systems, such as the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction...

Wang, Guanqun

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

451

Propulsive performance from oscillating propulsors with spanwise flexibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dimensional oscillating foil propulsion. M.Eng. thesis...Bose, N. 1991 Propulsion from an oscillating...planform. In Proc. Marine Dynamics Conf. 1991...Hydromechanics of swimming propulsion. Part 1. Swimming...Canada, Institute of Marine Dynamics report, no...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Title of dissertation: SYNCHRONIZATION OF CHAOTIC OPTOELECTRONIC OSCILLATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: SYNCHRONIZATION OF CHAOTIC OPTOELECTRONIC OSCILLATORS: ADAPTIVE channels. Here, using a fiber-optic network of chaotic optoelectronic oscillators, we experimentally on synchronization. Through measurements of the convergence rate to synchronization in networks of optoelectronic

Anlage, Steven

453

Combining Genetic Oscillators and Switches using Evolutionary Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motifs, one toggle switch and one self- sustained oscillator using an evolutionary algorithm, which can]. Of particular interest in biology are those network motifs that produce self-sustained oscillations and bistable

Jin, Yaochu

454

Van der Pol and the history of relaxation oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by self-sustained oscillating systems such as a triode circuit. Our aim is to investigate how re- laxation to be experi- mentally observed. Among systems able to present self-sustained oscillations and which were

Boyer, Edmond

455

Striatal origin of the pathologic beta oscillations in Parkinson's disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced oscillations at beta frequencies (8–30 Hz) are a signature neural dynamic pathology in the basal ganglia and cortex of Parkinson's disease patients. The mechanisms underlying these pathological beta oscillations ...

Boyden, Edward Stuart

456

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

ARITHMETIC OF THE OSCILLATOR REPRESENTATION Michael Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARITHMETIC OF THE OSCILLATOR REPRESENTATION Michael Harris §1. Moduli 1.1. Let V = Q2g , and let schemes g N : Ag N [N] - (N-1 T/T)Mg N . Typeset by AMS-TEX 1 #12;2 MICHAEL HARRIS 1.3. Let : Ag N Mg N

Harris, Michael - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

458

Resonance energy transport in an oscillator chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate energy transfer and localization in a linear time-invariant oscillator chain weakly coupled to a forced nonlinear actuator. Two types of perturbation are studied: (1) harmonic forcing with a constant frequency is applied to the actuator (the Duffing oscillator) with slowly changing parameters; (2) harmonic forcing with a slowly increasing frequency is applied to the nonlinear actuator with constant parameters. In both cases, stiffness of linear oscillators as well as linear coupling remains constant, and the system is initially engaged in resonance. The parameters of the systems and forcing are chosen to guarantee autoresonance (AR) with gradually increasing energy in the nonlinear actuator. As this paper demonstrates, forcing with constant frequency generates oscillations with growing energy in the linear chain but in the system excited by forcing with slowly time-dependent frequency energy remains localized on the nonlinear actuator whilst the response of the linear chain is bounded. This means that the systems that seem to be almost identical exhibit different dynamical behavior caused by their different resonance properties. Numerical examples a good agreement between exact (numerical) solutions and their asymptotic approximations found by the multiple time scales method.

Agnessa Kovaleva

2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

459

Simulated Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation during the Holocene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO) and its possible change during the Holocene are examined in this study, using long-term simulations of the earth system model Community Earth System Models (COSMOS). A quasi-persistent ~55–80-yr cycle ...

Wei Wei; Gerrit Lohmann

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Motion from Transient Oscillations Jeffrey E. Boyd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion from Transient Oscillations Jeffrey E. Boyd Department of Computer Science University of Calgary Calgary AB T2N 1N4 boyd@cpsc.ucalgary.ca James J. Little Department of Computer Science University optical flow algorithms and vPLLs highlighting how the algorithms meet these two #12; Boyd and Little

Boyd, Jeffrey E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oscillating wave surge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A Torsional Oscillator Study Solid Helium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the work presented in it is entirely my own. Where I have consulted the work of others, this is always clearly stated. Signed: Date: 4 #12;Abstract A compound two-mode torsional oscillator is used al and apply the same corrections to their work, finding a decoupling of 0.017% Extensive repair work

Sheldon, Nathan D.

462

Neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review of the current status of neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments, with particular emphasis on the Sun and core-collapse supernovae, is given. Implications of the existence of sterile states which mix with the active neutrinos are discussed.

Balantekin, A. B. [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706 (United States)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

463

Millimeter Wave Sensor For On-Line Inspection Of Thin Sheet Dielectrics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A millimeter wave sensor is provided for non-destructive inspection of thin sheet dielectric materials. The millimeter wave sensor includes a Gunn diode oscillator (GDO) source generating a mill meter wave electromagnetic energy signal having a single frequency. A heater is coupled to the GDO source for stabilizing the single frequency. A small size antenna is coupled to the GDO source for transmitting the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal to a sample material and for receiving a reflected millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal from the sample material. Ferrite circulator isolators coupled between the GDO source and the antenna separate the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal into transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components and a detector detects change in both amplitude and phase of the transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components. A millimeter wave sensor is provided for non-destructive inspection of thin sheet dielectric materials. The millimeter wave sensor includes a Gunn diode oscillator (GDO) source generating a mill meter wave electromagnetic energy signal having a single frequency. A heater is coupled to the GDO source for stabilizing the single frequency. A small size antenna is coupled to the GDO source for transmitting the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal to a sample material and for receiving a reflected millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal from the sample material. Ferrite circulator isolators coupled between the GDO source and the antenna separate the millimeter wave electromagnetic energy signal into transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components and a detector detects change in both amplitude and phase of the transmitted and received electromagnetic energy signal components.

Bakhtiari, Sasan (Westmont, IL); Gopalsami, Nachappa (Naperville, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

464

Injection locked oscillator system for pulsed metal vapor lasers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An injection locked oscillator system for pulsed metal vapor lasers is disclosed. The invention includes the combination of a seeding oscillator with an injection locked oscillator (ILO) for improving the quality, particularly the intensity, of an output laser beam pulse. The present invention includes means for matching the first seeder laser pulses from the seeding oscillator to second laser pulses of a metal vapor laser to improve the quality, and particularly the intensity, of the output laser beam pulse.

Warner, Bruce E. (Livermore, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Dublin, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Large N Harmonic Oscillator as a String Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a duality between the large-N gauged harmonic oscillator and a novel string theory in two dimensions.

Nissan Itzhaki; John McGreevy

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

466

Electron Plasma Oscillations Associated with Type III Radio Bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interactions of the plasma oscillations with...propagat-ing electron plasma oscillations. Radia-tion...frequencies (5 1 Mhz) the harmonic radiation...Since the electron plasma oscillations )N...about 10 mv m-1 or larger are required to explain...and the solid black area inyears of measurements...

DONALD A. GURNETT; ROGER R. ANDERSON

1976-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

467

Time-domain Dynamics and Stability Analysis of Optoelectronic Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-domain Dynamics and Stability Analysis of Optoelectronic Oscillators based on Whispering and Yanne K. Chembo Optoelectronic oscillators (OEOs) are microwave photonics systems in- tended to generate in "" #12;1 Introduction The optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) is nowadays considered as one of the most

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

Technical Letter Report Assessment of Ultrasonic Phased Array Inspection Method for Welds in Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Pressurizer Surge Line Piping JCN N6398, Task 1B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to assess the effectiveness and reliability of advanced nondestructive examination (NDE) methods for the inspection of light water reactor components. The scope of this research encompasses primary system pressure boundary materials including cast austenitic stainless steels (CASS); dissimilar metal welds; piping with corrosion-resistant cladding; weld overlays, inlays and onlays; and far-side examinations of austenitic piping welds. A primary objective of this work is to evaluate various NDE methods to assess their ability to detect, localize, and size cracks in coarse-grained steel components. In this effort, PNNL supports cooperation with Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA) to assess reliable inspection of CASS materials. The NRC Project Manager has established a cooperative effort with the Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN). CEA, under funding from IRSN, are supporting collaborative efforts with the NRC and PNNL. Regarding its work on the NDE of materials, CEA is providing its modeling software (CIVA) in exchange for PNNL offering expertise and data related to phased-array detection and sizing, acoustic attenuation, and back scattering on CASS materials. This collaboration benefits the NRC because CEA performs research and development on CASS for Électricité de France (EdF). This technical letter report provides a summary of a technical evaluation aimed at assessing the capabilities of phased-array (PA) ultrasonic testing (UT) methods as applied to the inspection of welds in CASS pressurizer (PZR) surge line nuclear reactor piping. A set of thermal fatigue cracks (TFCs) was implanted into three CASS PZR surge-line specimens (pipe-to-elbow welds) that were fabricated using vintage CASS materials formed in the 1970s, and flaw responses from these cracks were used to evaluate detection and sizing performance of the PA-UT methods applied. This effort was comprised of multiple elements that included use of microstructural knowledge (dimensional analysis, grain orientation, and grain type) as well as sound field modeling to more effectively modify inspection parameters and enhance the inspection outcomes. Advanced probe design and sound field simulations were employed to enhance detection and characterization of circumferentially oriented flaws, and an assessment of lateral (circumferential) flaw localization capability and performance was also conducted. An evaluation of flaw detection, length sizing, depth sizing, and signal-to-noise ratio was performed for all flaws in the subject specimens, as a function of various inspection parameters, and finally, measurements were made to quantify and assess the baseline CASS material noise and its potential impact on flaw detection.

Diaz, Aaron A.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Mathews, Royce; Moran, Traci L.; Anderson, Michael T.

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

469

Interaction of a surface wave with a dislocation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scattering of a surface wave by a pinned edge dislocation in a semi-infinite, homogeneous, isotropic, three-dimensional elastic solid is investigated analytically and numerically. An incident wave excites the dislocation that responds by oscillating as a string endowed with mass, line tension, and damping. The oscillations of the stringlike dislocation generate secondary (''scattered'') elastic waves that are the primary object of interest in this study. The back reaction of the re-emitted waves on the dislocation dynamics is neglected, but the wavelength of the radiation is allowed to be large, comparable, or small compared to the length of the dislocation. In view of recent experimental visualizations of these phenomena, we focus particularly on the field behavior at the free surface near the dislocation, and not just on the far field. For the same reason, it is the vertical component of displacement at the free surface that is studied in detail. An efficient numerical procedure for the computation of the appropriate components of the Green's function, using a Filon quadrature for the integration of rapidly oscillating functions, is developed. The numerics is validated with known analytical expressions. The secondary radiation generated by the response of the dislocation to the incident wave is also calculated numerically, and the results are also validated by comparing them with the analytical expressions that can be obtained when the radiation wavelength is very long compared to dislocation length. The interference pattern between incident wave and secondary wave that is generated at the free surface is studied in detail and found to depend strongly not only on wavelength and dislocation geometry (length and orientation) but also on dislocation depth, with the response of the dislocation being a particularly sensitive function of such depth. Results are compared with recent experiments of Shilo and Zolotoyabko [Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 115506 (2003)] that report visualizations of the surface-wave-dislocation interaction using stroboscopic x-ray imaging. A satisfactory agreement is found. Dislocation velocities of a few percent of the speed of sound and viscosity coefficients of about 10{sup -5} Pa s are inferred.

Maurel, Agnes [Laboratoire Ondes et Acoustique, UMR CNRS 7587, Ecole Superieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris (France); Pagneux, Vincent [Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Universite du Maine, UMR CNRS 6613, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France); Barra, Felipe; Lund, Fernando [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 487-3, Santiago (Chile); Centro para la Investigacion Interdisciplinaria Avanzada en Ciencias de los Materiales (CIMAT), Universidad de Chile, Santiago (Chile)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Self-generation and management of spin-electromagnetic wave solitons and chaos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-generation of microwave spin-electromagnetic wave envelope solitons and chaos has been observed and studied. For the investigation, we used a feedback active ring oscillator based on artificial multiferroic, which served as a nonlinear waveguide. We show that by increasing the wave amplification in the feedback ring circuit, a transition from monochromatic auto-generation to soliton train waveform and then to dynamical chaos occurs in accordance with the Ruelle-Takens scenario. Management of spin-electromagnetic-wave solitons and chaos parameters by both dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability of the multiferroic waveguiding structure is demonstrated.

Ustinov, Alexey B.; Kondrashov, Alexandr V.; Nikitin, Andrey A.; Kalinikos, Boris A. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

471

Negative-mass Instability in Nonlinear Plasma Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The negative-mass instability (NMI), previously found in ion traps, appears as a distinct regime of the sideband instability in nonlinear plasma waves with trapped particles. As the bounce frequency of these particles decreases with the bounce action, bunching can occur if the action distribution is inverted in trapping islands. In contrast to existing theories that also infer instabilities from the anharmonicity of bounce oscillations, spatial periodicity of the islands turns out to be unimportant, and the particle distribution can be unstable even if it is at at the resonance. An analytical model is proposed which describes both single traps and periodic nonlinear waves and concisely generalizes the conventional description of the sideband instability in plasma waves. The theoretical results are supported by particle-in-cell simulations carried out for a regime accentuating the NMI effect.

I.Y. Dodin, P.F. Schmit, J. Rocks and N.J. Fisch

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

Sensitivity of DANSS detector to short range neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DANSS is a highly segmented $1m^3$ plastic scintillator detector. Its 2500 scintillator strips have a Gd loaded reflective cover. Light is collected with 3 wave length shifting fibers per strip and read out with 50 PMTs and 2500 SiPMs. The DANSS will be installed under the industrial 3GW$_{th}$ reactor of the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant at distances varying from 9.7m to 12.2m from the reactor core. PMTs and SiPMs collect about 30 photo electrons per MeV distributed approximately equally between two types of the readout. Light collection non-uniformity across and along the strip is about $\\pm13\\%$ from maximum to minimum. The resulting energy resolution is modest, $\\sigma/E=15\\%$ at 5MeV. This leads to a smearing of the oscillation pattern comparable with the smearing due to the large size of the reactor core. Nevertheless because of the large counting rate ($\\sim 10000$ / day), small background ($1\\%$) and good control of systematic uncertainties due to frequent changes of positions, the DANSS is quite se...

Danilov, Mikhail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Sensitivity of DANSS detector to short range neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DANSS is a highly segmented $1m^3$ plastic scintillator detector. Its 2500 scintillator strips have a Gd loaded reflective cover. Light is collected with 3 wave length shifting fibers per strip and read out with 50 PMTs and 2500 SiPMs. The DANSS will be installed under the industrial 3GW$_{th}$ reactor of the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant at distances varying from 9.7m to 12.2m from the reactor core. PMTs and SiPMs collect about 30 photo electrons per MeV distributed approximately equally between two types of the readout. Light collection non-uniformity across and along the strip is about $\\pm13\\%$ from maximum to minimum. The resulting energy resolution is modest, $\\sigma/E=15\\%$ at 5MeV. This leads to a smearing of the oscillation pattern comparable with the smearing due to the large size of the reactor core. Nevertheless because of the large counting rate ($\\sim 10000$ / day), small background ($Tests of the detector prototype DANSSino demonstrated that in spite of a small size ($4\\%$ of DANSS), it is quite sensitive to reactor antineutrinos, detecting about 70 Inverse Beta Decay events per day with the signal-to-background ratio of about unity. The prototype tests have demonstrated feasibility to reach the design performance of the DANSS detector.

Mikhail Danilov

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

474

Chaotic oscillation and random-number generation based on nanoscale optical-energy transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By using nanoscale energy-transfer dynamics and density matrix formalism, we demonstrate theoretically and numerically that chaotic oscillation and random-number generation occur in a nanoscale system. The physical system consists of a pair of quantum dots (QDs), with one QD smaller than the other, between which energy transfers via optical near-field interactions. When the system is pumped by continuous-wave radiation and incorporates a timing delay between two energy transfers within the system, it emits optical pulses. We refer to such QD pairs as nano-optical pulsers (NOPs). Irradiating an NOP with external periodic optical pulses causes the oscillating frequency of the NOP to synchronize with the external stimulus. We find that chaotic oscillation occurs in the NOP population when they are connected by an external time delay. Moreover, by evaluating the time-domain signals by statistical-test suites, we confirm that the signals are sufficiently random to qualify the system as a random-number generator (RNG). This study reveals that even relatively simple nanodevices that interact locally with each other through optical energy transfer at scales far below the wavelength of irradiating light can exhibit complex oscillatory dynamics. These findings are significant for applications such as ultrasmall RNGs.

Makoto Naruse; Song-Ju Kim; Masashi Aono; Hirokazu Hori; Motoichi Ohtsu

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

475

Hysteresis of ionization waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quasi-logistic, nonlinear model for ionization wave modes is introduced. Modes are due to finite size of the discharge and current feedback. The model consists of competing coupled modes and it incorporates spatial wave amplitude saturation. The hysteresis of wave mode transitions under current variation is reproduced. Sidebands are predicted by the model and found in experimental data. The ad hoc model is equivalent to a general--so-called universal--approach from bifurcation theory.

Dinklage, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Wendelsteinstr. 1, 17491 Greifswald (Germany); Bruhn, B.; Testrich, H. [Institut fuer Physik, E.-M.-Arndt Universitaet Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 6, 17487 Greifswald (Germany); Wilke, C. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Plasmaforschung und Technologie, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 2, 17489 Greifswald (Germany)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Wave momentum flux parameter: a descriptor for nearshore waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave momentum flux parameter: a descriptor for nearshore waves Steven A. Hughes* US Army Engineer Available online 7 October 2004 Abstract A new parameter representing the maximum depth-integrated wave momentum flux occurring over a wave length is proposed for characterizing the wave contribution

US Army Corps of Engineers

477

Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves Willy Hereman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shallow Water Waves and Solitary Waves Willy Hereman Department of Mathematical and Computer of the Subject II. Introduction­Historical Perspective III. Completely Integrable Shallow Water Wave Equations IV. Shallow Water Wave Equations of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics V. Computation of Solitary Wave Solutions VI

Hereman, Willy A.M.

478

ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment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

479

PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

T. J. Langford

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

480

Neutrino Oscillation Experiments at Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper I give an overview of the status of neutrino oscillation experiments performed using nuclear reactors as sources of neutrinos. I review the present generation of experiments (Chooz and Palo Verde) with baselines of about 1 km as well as the next generation that will search for oscillations with a baseline of about 100 km. While the present detectors provide essential input towards the understanding of the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, in the future, the KamLAND reactor experiment represents our best opportunity to study very small mass neutrino mixing in laboratory conditions. In addition KamLAND with its very large fiducial mass and low energy threshold, will also be sensitive to a broad range of different physics.

Giorgio Gratta

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Mateusz Bawaj; Ciro Biancofiore; Michele Bonaldi; Federica Bonfigli; Antonio Borrielli; Giovanni Di Giuseppe; Lorenzo Marconi; Francesco Marino; Riccardo Natali; Antonio Pontin; Giovanni A. Prodi; Enrico Serra; David Vitali; Francesco Marin

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

Probing deformed commutators with macroscopic harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A minimal observable length is a common feature of theories that aim to merge quantum physics and gravity. Quantum mechanically, this concept is associated to a nonzero minimal uncertainty in position measurements, which is encoded in deformed commutation relations. In spite of increasing theoretical interest, the subject suffers from the complete lack of dedicated experiments and bounds to the deformation parameters are roughly extrapolated from indirect measurements. As recently proposed, low-energy mechanical oscillators could allow to reveal the effect of a modified commutator. Here we analyze the free evolution of high quality factor micro- and nano-oscillators, spanning a wide range of masses around the Planck mass $m_{\\mathrm{P}}$ (${\\approx 22\\,\\mu\\mathrm{g}}$), and compare it with a model of deformed dynamics. Previous limits to the parameters quantifying the commutator deformation are substantially lowered.

Bawaj, Mateusz; Bonaldi, Michele; Bonfigli, Federica; Borrielli, Antonio; Di Giuseppe, Giovanni; Marconi, Lorenzo; Marino, Francesco; Natali, Riccardo; Pontin, Antonio; Prodi, Giovanni A; Serra, Enrico; Vitali, David; Marin, Francesco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Matter Waves and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical four-dimensional relativity gives a most natural and harmonious interpretation of the three basic phenomena of nature: gravity, electricity, and the wave structure of matter, provided that the basic assumptions of the Einsteinian theory are modified in two respects: (1) the fundamental invariant of the action principle is chosen as a quadratic instead of a linear function of the curvature components; (2) the static equilibrium of the world is replaced by a dynamic equilibrium. Electricity comes out as a second-order resonance effect of the matter waves. The matter waves are gravitational waves but superposed not on an empty Euclidean space but on a space of high average curvature.

Cornelius Lanczos

1942-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

kinetic wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

kinetic wave energy ? kinetische Wellenenergie f [Teil der Wellenlänge, die im Feld der Orbitalgeschwindigkeiten unter der Welle enthalten ist und als Orbitalbewegung am Ort verbleibt

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

potential wave energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

potential wave energy ? potentielle Wellenenergie f [Der für die Auslenkung des Wasserspiegels zum Ruhewasserspiegel erforderliche Teil der Wellenenergie, die mit der Wellengeschwindigkeit fortbewegt...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Simultaneous TE{sub 1} and TE{sub 2} mode lasing yielding dual-wavelength oscillation in a semiconductor laser with a tunnel junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dual-frequency oscillation is obtained and investigated in a new type of injection heterolaser, an interband two-stage cascade laser with a tunneling p-n junction separating two active regions with quantum wells located in a common waveguide. The laser design provides for simultaneous oscillation at the first-order TE mode of wavelength {lambda} = 1.086 {mu}m and the second-order TE mode of wavelength {lambda} = 0.96 {mu}m in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature.

Aleshkin, V. Ya., E-mail: aleshkin@ipm.sci.nnov.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Babushkina, T. S.; Birykov, A. A. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation); Dubinov, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N.; Kolesnikov, M. N.; Nekorkin, S. M. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

A review of oscillating water columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...application is the Wells turbine/induction generator combination, and the leading...their power from the turbine/generator in times of plenty. A commercial...four wave-activated turbine generators. Between 1976 and 1979, a team...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Measurement of sound generation in thermoacoustic oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...curves for a thermoacoustic prime mover. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 98, 14011404. Ceperley, P. H. 1979 A pistonless Stirling engine--the traveling wave heat engine. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 66, 15081513. Gifford, W. E. & Longsworth, R...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Self-tuning regulators for combustion oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interaction of acoustic waves and combustion processes. An abundant literature...numerical simulations of the combustion processes and coupled fluid dynamics...nonlinear analysis of controlled combustion processes. In Proc. 1999 IEEE Int...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

PRESSURE OSCILLATION IN RHIC CRYOGENIC SYSTEM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HORIZONTAL BEAM VIBRATION AROUND 10HZ IN THE RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER (RHIC) HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AND THE POSSIBLE SOURCES TO CAUSE THIS VIBRATION HAVE BEEN INVESTIGATED. TO DETERMINE THE HETIUM PRESSURE OSCILLATIONS AS A POSSIBLE PRIMARY VIBRATION SOURCE, HELIUM PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT IN THE FIVE CRYOGENIC TRANSFER LINES AT 2 VALVE BOXES AND 6 LEAD PORTS AT 2 TRIPLET CRYOSTAT FOR BOTH MAGNET RINGS. ADDITIONALLY, COLD MA...

JIA,L.MONTAG,C.TALLERICO,T.HIRZEL,W.NICOLETTI,A.

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

Quantum decoherence of the damped harmonic oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the Lindblad theory for open quantum systems, we determine the degree of quantum decoherence of a harmonic oscillator interacting with a thermal bath. It is found that the system manifests a quantum decoherence which is more and more significant in time. We also calculate the decoherence time and show that it has the same scale as the time after which thermal fluctuations become comparable with quantum fluctuations.

A. Isar

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

493

Coherence condition for resonant neutrino oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the coherence condition for a neutrino to keep coherence between the effective mass eigenstates in the presence of matter and examine whether or not resonant neutrino oscillation (RNO) happens in the cases of solar and SN 1987A neutrinos. As a result, it becomes evident that RNO is possible in the solar-neutrino case but impossible in the SN 1987A neutrino case.

Hajime Anada and Haruhiko Nishimura

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Perturbative Effective Theory in an Oscillator Basis?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective interaction problem in nuclear physics is believed to be highly nonperturbative, requiring extended high-momentum spaces for accurate solution. We trace this to difficulties that arise at both short and long distances when the included space is defined in terms of a basis of harmonic oscillator Slater determinants. We show, in the simplest case of the deuteron, that both difficulties can be circumvented, yielding highly perturbative results in the potential even for modest (?4??) included spaces.

W. C. Haxton and T. Luu

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

CX-011389: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced Direct-Drive Generator for Improved Availability of Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Power Generation Systems CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 12/02/2013 Location(s): North Carolina, Texas, Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office

496

More about neutron - mirror neutron oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was pointed out recently that oscillation of the neutron $n$ into mirror neutron $n'$, a sterile twin of the neutron with exactly the same mass, could be a very fast process with the the baryon number violation, even faster than the neutron decay itself. This process is sensitive to the magnetic fields and it could be observed by comparing the neutron lose rates in the UCN storage chambers for different magnetic backgrounds. We calculate the probability of $n-n'$ oscillation in the case when a mirror magnetic field $\\vec{B}'$ is non-zero and show that in this case it can be suppressed or resonantly enhanced by applying the ordinary magnetic field $\\vec{B}$, depending on its strength and on its orientation with respect to $\\vec{B}'$. The recent experimental data, under this hypothesis, still allow the $n-n'$ oscillation time order 1 s or even smaller. Moreover, they indicate that the neutron losses are sensitive to the orientation of the magnetic field. %at about $3\\sigma$ level. If these hints will be confirmed in the future experiments, this would point to the presence of the mirror magnetic field on the Earth of the order of 0.1 G, or some equivalent spin-dependent force of the other origin that makes a difference between the neutron and mirror neutron states.

Zurab Berezhiani

2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

497

Undulating strings and gauge theory waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study some dynamical aspects of the correspondence between strings in AdS space and external heavy quarks in N=4 SYM. Specifically, by examining waves propagating on such strings, we make some plausible (and some surprising) inferences about the time-dependent fields produced by oscillating quarks in the strongly coupled gauge theory. We point out a puzzle regarding energy conservation in the SYM theory. In addition, we perform a similar analysis of the gauge fields produced by a baryon (represented as a D5-brane with string-like extension in AdS space) and compare and contrast with the gauge fields produced by a quark–antiquark pair (represented as a string looping through AdS space).

Curtis G. Callan; Jr; Alberto Güijosa

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Wave runup on cylinders subject to deep water random waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was measured close to the test cylinders are analyzed. These data on wave runup in deepwater random waves were generated at similar water depths with significant wave heights and spectral peak periods. Statistical parameters, zero crossing analysis...

Indrebo, Ann Kristin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

499

Wave Energy Resource Analysis for Use in Wave Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to predict the response of wave energy converters an accurate representation of the wave climate resource is crucial. This paper gives an overview of wave resource modeling techniques as well as detailing a methodology for estimating...

Pastor, J.; Liu, Y.; Dou, Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Free-Wave Energy Dissipation in Experimental Breaking Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several transient wave trains containing an isolated plunging or spilling breaker at a prescribed location were generated in a two-dimensional wave flume using an energy focusing technique. Surface elevation measurements of each transient wave ...

Eustorgio Meza; Jun Zhang; Richard J. Seymour

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z