National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for original message

  1. Policy for Returns -------Original Message --------

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movileanu, Liviu

    Policy for Returns ------- Original Message -------- Subject:Friendly reminder for returns... Date:Wed, 22 Aug 2007 14:58:59 -0400 From:Cynthia A Urtz To: CC

  2. Signaling completion of a message transfer from an origin compute node to a target compute node

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blocksome, Michael A. (Rochester, MN); Parker, Jeffrey J. (Rochester, MN)

    2011-05-24

    Signaling completion of a message transfer from an origin node to a target node includes: sending, by an origin DMA engine, an RTS message, the RTS message specifying an application message for transfer to the target node from the origin node; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, a remote get message containing a data descriptor for the message and a completion notification descriptor, the completion notification descriptor specifying a local direct put transfer operation for transferring data locally on the origin node; inserting, by the origin DMA engine in an injection FIFO buffer, the data descriptor followed by the completion notification descriptor; transferring, by the origin DMA engine to the target node, the message in dependence upon the data descriptor; and notifying, by the origin DMA engine, the application that transfer of the message is complete in dependence upon the completion notification descriptor.

  3. President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazzi, A. Antoine

    2000-01-01

    CAL/AAEM President’s message to CAL/ACEP. As EPs, united,all express our gratitude to CAL/ACEP for its long-standingthe outstanding services CAL/ACEP has provided to all EPs on

  4. No. RD-0016 -----Original Message-----

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attn: Steve Wright In my working career, of 40 years, I have been exposed to Hydro power and, also effective to use Hydo power. Hydro generation cost less and is very reliable, AND you are not burning up our, worked with pipeline power to move natural gas to California. From my experience, it is far more cost

  5. ORISE: Message Testing for a Nuclear Detonation | How ORISE is...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in major revisions to the original nuclear detonation messages. Following the Fukushima nuclear crisis, this research directly informed national communication strategy and...

  6. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Kristan D.; Faraj, Daniel A.

    2014-07-22

    Algorithm selection for data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI, including associating in the PAMI data communications algorithms and ranges of message sizes so that each algorithm is associated with a separate range of message sizes; receiving in an origin endpoint of the PAMI a data communications instruction, the instruction specifying transmission of a data communications message from the origin endpoint to a target endpoint, the data communications message characterized by a message size; selecting, from among the associated algorithms and ranges, a data communications algorithm in dependence upon the message size; and transmitting, according to the selected data communications algorithm from the origin endpoint to the target endpoint, the data communications message.

  7. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Kristan D; Faraj, Daniel A

    2013-07-09

    Algorithm selection for data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI, including associating in the PAMI data communications algorithms and ranges of message sizes so that each algorithm is associated with a separate range of message sizes; receiving in an origin endpoint of the PAMI a data communications instruction, the instruction specifying transmission of a data communications message from the origin endpoint to a target endpoint, the data communications message characterized by a message size; selecting, from among the associated algorithms and ranges, a data communications algorithm in dependence upon the message size; and transmitting, according to the selected data communications algorithm from the origin endpoint to the target endpoint, the data communications message.

  8. Info for Shipment Requests -------Original Message --------

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movileanu, Liviu

    , Certified, etc. and insure it as well). Please note: Any prepaid shipment with label can be placed

  9. -----Original Message-----From: Ray Launer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of energy conservation and support of alternative energy sources, even if they cost me more money. I believe

  10. Page 1 of 2 -----Original Message-----

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    objectives. On-the other hand, capacity mixed with a production and products ethic is what I personally Keith Wolf-unaffiliated comments. Integrity, Capability and Unrivaled Client Service P.O. Box 1017

  11. Residential Energy Efficiency Messaging | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Residential Energy Efficiency Messaging Residential Energy Efficiency Messaging Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Residential Energy Efficiency...

  12. Message from the Director

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillionStockpile Stewardship National SecurityMessage from

  13. A Message to my Hero 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everton, Talbot [author; Etherington, David [writer of accompanying material

    2012-03-05

    TRANSCRIPTION; MESSAGE: To my dear Dad; From his ever loving son David; x x x x; SENT TO: 1642 Lee Cpl Etherington; R A M C...

  14. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Faraj, Daniel A

    2014-11-18

    Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for broadcasting a message in a parallel computer that includes: transmitting, by the logical root to all of the nodes directly connected to the logical root, a message; and for each node except the logical root: receiving the message; if that node is the physical root, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes except the child node from which the message was received; if that node received the message from a parent node and if that node is not a leaf node, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes; and if that node received the message from a child node and if that node is not the physical root, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes except the child node from which the message was received and transmitting the message to the parent node.

  15. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Faraj, Ahmad A

    2013-04-16

    Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for broadcasting a message in a parallel computer that includes: transmitting, by the logical root to all of the nodes directly connected to the logical root, a message; and for each node except the logical root: receiving the message; if that node is the physical root, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes except the child node from which the message was received; if that node received the message from a parent node and if that node is not a leaf node, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes; and if that node received the message from a child node and if that node is not the physical root, then transmitting the message to all of the child nodes except the child node from which the message was received and transmitting the message to the parent node.

  16. Message Passing with Communication Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaikhom, Gagarine

    Abstraction concepts based on process groups have largely dominated the design and implementation of communication patterns in message passing systems. Although such an approach seems pragmatic—given that participating ...

  17. Design Custom Messages for Specific Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents tips and steps on how energy efficiency programs can create messages for targeted audiences.

  18. Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond Scott E. Coull Red of communication among consumers around the world. Apple iMessage, for example, handles over 2 bil- lion message evaluation focuses on Apple iMessage, the attacks are completely generic and we show how they can be applied

  19. Mobile Play: Blogging, Tagging, and Messaging Eric Paulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulos, Eric

    Mobile Play: Blogging, Tagging, and Messaging Eric Paulos Intel Research 2150 Shattuck Avenue #1300 elements will be examined: blogging, tagging, and message play. Keywords Play, blogging, tagging, messaging

  20. Expander Graph Arguments for Message Passing Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burshtein, David

    Expander Graph Arguments for Message Passing Algorithms David Burshtein and Gadi Miller Dept arguments may be used to prove that message passing algorithms can correct a linear number of erroneous a message passing algorithm has corrected a sufficiently large fraction of the errors, it will eventually

  1. Controlling data transfers from an origin compute node to a target compute node

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Blocksome, Michael A. (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian E. (Rochester, MN)

    2011-06-21

    Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for controlling data transfers from an origin compute node to a target compute node that include: receiving, by an application messaging module on the target compute node, an indication of a data transfer from an origin compute node to the target compute node; and administering, by the application messaging module on the target compute node, the data transfer using one or more messaging primitives of a system messaging module in dependence upon the indication.

  2. Distributed parallel messaging for multiprocessor systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Dong; Heidelberger, Philip; Salapura, Valentina; Senger, Robert M; Steinmacher-Burrow, Burhard; Sugawara, Yutaka

    2013-06-04

    A method and apparatus for distributed parallel messaging in a parallel computing system. The apparatus includes, at each node of a multiprocessor network, multiple injection messaging engine units and reception messaging engine units, each implementing a DMA engine and each supporting both multiple packet injection into and multiple reception from a network, in parallel. The reception side of the messaging unit (MU) includes a switch interface enabling writing of data of a packet received from the network to the memory system. The transmission side of the messaging unit, includes switch interface for reading from the memory system when injecting packets into the network.

  3. Data communications for a collective operation in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faraj, Daniel A

    2013-07-16

    Algorithm selection for data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI, including associating in the PAMI data communications algorithms and bit masks; receiving in an origin endpoint of the PAMI a collective instruction, the instruction specifying transmission of a data communications message from the origin endpoint to a target endpoint; constructing a bit mask for the received collective instruction; selecting, from among the associated algorithms and bit masks, a data communications algorithm in dependence upon the constructed bit mask; and executing the collective instruction, transmitting, according to the selected data communications algorithm from the origin endpoint to the target endpoint, the data communications message.

  4. ORISE: Message from the Director

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSE TheForensic ScienceHow toMentor TrainingMessage from

  5. --------Original Message --------Subject:Letter to Editor of Boston Globe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    waste into energy. While the high price of conventional energy points up the need for alternative fuels energy to the cost of shipping the 21 percent of the state's waste now going to out-of-state landfills. Also, new technologies can create a synthetic gas fuel from waste without, advocates say, the emission

  6. Embedding your Green Message through Asynchronous Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filar Williams, Beth

    2011-01-01

    Association For Environmental Education(NAAEE). (2007,embedded with an environmental education concept. Why theEmbedding Messages Environmental education has become more

  7. Sending Sensitive Messages in Quantum Packages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul A. Lopata; Thomas B. Bahder

    2006-06-02

    A communication protocol is introduced that allows the receiver of a message to place an a posteriori bound on the amount of information that an eavesdropper could have obtained during transmission of that message. This quantum cryptographic protocol is distinct from quantum key distribution. The quantum states and measurements required by this protocol are simple enough that it can be implemented using existing technology.

  8. Locating Secret Messages in Images Ian Davidson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Locating Secret Messages in Images Ian Davidson Computer Science, SUNY Albany 1400 Washington in innocuous media such as images, while steganalysis is the field of detecting these secret messages contributing the most to the energy calculations of an image are deemed outliers. Typically, of the top third

  9. Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Breakout Session 3D-Building...

  10. Social Media and Messages that Matter - Top Tips and Tools |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Messages that Matter - Top Tips and Tools Social Media and Messages that Matter - Top Tips and Tools Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Social...

  11. Low Latency Messages on Distributed Memory Multiprocessors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rosing, Matt; Saltz, Joel

    1995-01-01

    This article describes many of the issues in developing an efficient interface for communication on distributed memory machines. Although the hardware component of message latency is less than 1 ws on many distributed memory machines, the software latency associated with sending and receiving typed messages is on the order of 50 ?s. The reason for this imbalance is that the software interface does not match the hardware. By changing the interface to match the hardware more closely, applications with fine grained communication can be put on these machines. This article describes several tests performed and many of the issues involvedmore »in supporting low latency messages on distributed memory machines.« less

  12. Send-side matching of data communications messages

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2014-07-01

    Send-side matching of data communications messages includes a plurality of compute nodes organized for collective operations, including: issuing by a receiving node to source nodes a receive message that specifies receipt of a single message to be sent from any source node, the receive message including message matching information, a specification of a hardware-level mutual exclusion device, and an identification of a receive buffer; matching by two or more of the source nodes the receive message with pending send messages in the two or more source nodes; operating by one of the source nodes having a matching send message the mutual exclusion device, excluding messages from other source nodes with matching send messages and identifying to the receiving node the source node operating the mutual exclusion device; and sending to the receiving node from the source node operating the mutual exclusion device a matched pending message.

  13. Use Data-depend Function Build Message Expansion Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Use Data-depend Function Build Message Expansion Function ZiJie Xu and Ke Xu xuzijiewz use these functions build a message expansion function. In the message expansion function differences, and any message modification will affect at least 8 data-depend function parameter. Key Word

  14. BioComms Training: Strategic Communications and Message Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Strategic Communications and Message Development: Presentation to EERE BioComms Group by Kearns & West.

  15. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2014-09-16

    Eager send data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints that specify a client, a context, and a task, including receiving an eager send data communications instruction with transfer data disposed in a send buffer characterized by a read/write send buffer memory address in a read/write virtual address space of the origin endpoint; determining for the send buffer a read-only send buffer memory address in a read-only virtual address space, the read-only virtual address space shared by both the origin endpoint and the target endpoint, with all frames of physical memory mapped to pages of virtual memory in the read-only virtual address space; and communicating by the origin endpoint to the target endpoint an eager send message header that includes the read-only send buffer memory address.

  16. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2014-09-02

    Eager send data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints that specify a client, a context, and a task, including receiving an eager send data communications instruction with transfer data disposed in a send buffer characterized by a read/write send buffer memory address in a read/write virtual address space of the origin endpoint; determining for the send buffer a read-only send buffer memory address in a read-only virtual address space, the read-only virtual address space shared by both the origin endpoint and the target endpoint, with all frames of physical memory mapped to pages of virtual memory in the read-only virtual address space; and communicating by the origin endpoint to the target endpoint an eager send message header that includes the read-only send buffer memory address.

  17. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-11-18

    Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through data communications resources, including receiving in an origin endpoint of the PAMI a SEND instruction, the SEND instruction specifying a transmission of transfer data from the origin endpoint to a first target endpoint; transmitting from the origin endpoint to the first target endpoint a Request-To-Send (`RTS`) message advising the first target endpoint of the location and size of the transfer data; assigning by the first target endpoint to each of a plurality of target endpoints separate portions of the transfer data; and receiving by the plurality of target endpoints the transfer data.

  18. Message passing with queues and channels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dozsa, Gabor J; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Ratterman, Joseph D; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Wisniewski, Robert W

    2013-09-24

    In an embodiment, a send thread receives an identifier that identifies a destination node and a pointer to data. The send thread creates a first send request in response to the receipt of the identifier and the data pointer. The send thread selects a selected channel from among a plurality of channels. The selected channel comprises a selected hand-off queue and an identification of a selected message unit. Each of the channels identifies a different message unit. The selected hand-off queue is randomly accessible. If the selected hand-off queue contains an available entry, the send thread adds the first send request to the selected hand-off queue. If the selected hand-off queue does not contain an available entry, the send thread removes a second send request from the selected hand-off queue and sends the second send request to the selected message unit.

  19. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berg, Jeremy E. (Rochester, MN); Faraj, Ahmad A. (Rochester, MN)

    2011-08-02

    Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for broadcasting a message in a parallel computer. The parallel computer includes a plurality of compute nodes connected together using a data communications network. The data communications network optimized for point to point data communications and is characterized by at least two dimensions. The compute nodes are organized into at least one operational group of compute nodes for collective parallel operations of the parallel computer. One compute node of the operational group assigned to be a logical root. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer includes: establishing a Hamiltonian path along all of the compute nodes in at least one plane of the data communications network and in the operational group; and broadcasting, by the logical root to the remaining compute nodes, the logical root's message along the established Hamiltonian path.

  20. Message passing with parallel queue traversal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Underwood, Keith D. (Albuquerque, NM); Brightwell, Ronald B. (Albuquerque, NM); Hemmert, K. Scott (Albuquerque, NM)

    2012-05-01

    In message passing implementations, associative matching structures are used to permit list entries to be searched in parallel fashion, thereby avoiding the delay of linear list traversal. List management capabilities are provided to support list entry turnover semantics and priority ordering semantics.

  1. Sustainability Annual Report | 2013 President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Sustainability Annual Report | 2013 #12;#12;President's Message To continue our commitment to ensuring a sustainable campus and campus community, advancements have been made in all areas of sustainability at McMaster, including physical and operational upgrades to campus grounds and infrastructure

  2. Sustainability Annual Report 2011 President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Sustainability Annual Report 2011 #12;#12;President's Message Ensuring a sustainable campus is a McMaster priority. Our commitment to sustainability is comprehensive and touches every aspect of campus life: from's report shows that we have made great strides in ensuring the sustainability of our beautiful campus

  3. Sustainability Annual Report 2012 President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Sustainability Annual Report 2012 #12;#12;President's Message McMaster University remains committed to ensuring a sustainable campus and community. Over the course of the year, this commitment has been this annual report on Sustainability, I encourage you to reflect on the active roles played by students

  4. Finance E-Newsletter CFO's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finance E-Newsletter June 2009 CFO's Message Dear Colleagues, Happy New Fiscal Year! As we close FY. On an operational level, several initiatives aimed at improving the services that Finance provides to the community-standing pillars of SEAS Finance: Lipoi Finau and Ruth DeMone who, after respectively 17 and 41 years of service

  5. Normative Communication Models for Agent Error Messages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elio, Renée

    . Introduction Defining and standardizing a high level language for agent communication has been a cornerstone as ``application programs which communicate with peers by exchanging messages in an expressive agent communication (FIPA)'s ACL [17] are two proposed ACL standards that have been widely adopted in agent re- search

  6. Editorial Message: Special Track on Ubiquitous Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roussos, George

    Editorial Message: Special Track on Ubiquitous Computing Achilles Kameas (co-chair) Computer) will soon be spanning all the different spheres of everyday life. Ubiquitous computing places humans integrated, so that technology recedes in the background of everyday activities. The ubiquitous computing

  7. Lightweight Message Authentication for the Internet of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.

    Lightweight Message Authentication for the Internet of Things RIKARD HÖGLUND KTH ROYAL INSTITUTE for the Internet of Things Rikard Höglund 2014-11-24 Master's Thesis Examiner and academic adviser Professor Gerald capable of connecting to the Internet has grown enormously. The Internet of Things describes a scenario

  8. An investigation to determine appropriate abbreviations for variable message signs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hustad, Marc William

    1998-01-01

    New Jersey transportation agencies currently display messages with abbreviations because of limited line capacities on variable message signs (VMSs). Abbreviations, however, are generally less understood than words and there was a need to evaluate...

  9. REACH : the local social favor exchange : a proximal messaging system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kizelshteyn, Boris G. (Boris Grigory)

    2012-01-01

    We define proximal messaging as that category of information transaction that takes into account the physical, social and temporal proximity between the sender and recipient as it relates to the content of the message. We ...

  10. Automatic summarization of voicemail messages using lexical and prosodic features 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koumpis, Konstantinos; Renals, Steve

    This article presents trainable methods for extracting principal content words from voicemail messages. The short text summaries generated are suitable for mobile messaging applications. The system uses a set of classifiers ...

  11. Practical Attacks on Digital Signatures Using MD5 Message Digest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Attacks on Digital Signatures Using MD5 Message Digest Ondrej Mikle Department schemes based on MD5 message digest on an example using GPG. Keywords: collision, hash function, MD5 1 used for file integrity checking and as a message digest in digital signature schemes. During CRYPTO

  12. When Mice Consume Like Elephants: Instant Messaging Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which leads to high energy consumption. The exchange of a couple of text messages can consume as muchWhen Mice Consume Like Elephants: Instant Messaging Applications Ekhiotz Jon Vergara, Simon in the usage of instant messaging (IM) appli- cations on mobile devices has brought the energy efficiency

  13. Message passing with queues and channels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dozsa, Gabor J; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Ratterman, Joseph D; Steinmacher-Burrow, Burkhard

    2013-02-19

    In an embodiment, a reception thread receives a source node identifier, a type, and a data pointer from an application and, in response, creates a receive request. If the source node identifier specifies a source node, the reception thread adds the receive request to a fast-post queue. If a message received from a network does not match a receive request on a posted queue, a polling thread adds a receive request that represents the message to an unexpected queue. If the fast-post queue contains the receive request, the polling thread removes the receive request from the fast-post queue. If the receive request that was removed from the fast-post queue does not match the receive request on the unexpected queue, the polling thread adds the receive request that was removed from the fast-post queue to the posted queue. The reception thread and the polling thread execute asynchronously from each other.

  14. Sending and Searching for Interstellar Messages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaitsev, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    There is a close interrelation between Searching for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and Messaging to Extraterrestrial Intelligence (METI). For example, the answers to the questions "Where to search" and "Where to send" are equivalent, in that both require an identical selection from the same target star lists. Similar considerations lead to a strategy of time synchronization between sending and searching. Both SETI and METI use large reflectors. The concept of "magic frequencies" may be applicable to both SETI and METI. Efforts to understand an alien civilization's Interstellar Messages (IMs), and efforts to compose our own IMs so they will be easily understood by unfamiliar Extraterrestrials, are mutually complementary. Furthermore, the METI-question: "How can we benefit from sending IMs, if a response may come only thousands of years later?" begs an equivalent SETI-question: "How can we benefit from searching, if it is impossible now to perceive the motivations and feelings of those who may have sent ...

  15. A personal message from Kathy Keith

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries PrintA New(Conference) |Personal message

  16. Instant Messaging with Jabber | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLANIs gravity a particle orInstant Messaging with Jabber

  17. Message from the Manager - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillionStockpile Stewardship National SecurityMessage

  18. Memorial Day Message | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELINGMeetingsMembranesMemorial Day Message

  19. ASSESSMENT OF THE INTEGRATION OF ADVERTISING AND VARIABLE MESSAGE SIGNS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASSESSMENT OF THE INTEGRATION OF ADVERTISING AND VARIABLE MESSAGE SIGNS FOR FUNDING PURPOSES in the use and costs of VMSs. One option is to advertise commercially on VMSs, using either dynamic messages, it is possible that advertising will make drivers more aware of the signs. The objective of this paper is to make

  20. Predictable Messaging in Wireless Automotive CPS Hongwei Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hongwei

    Predictable Messaging in Wireless Automotive CPS Hongwei Zhang Department of Computer Science to predictable, dependable messaging in mission-critical wireless automotive cyber-physical systems (CPS), then we explore research directions for addressing these challenges. 1 Wireless automotive CPS: vision

  1. Burst Mode Message Loss Effects On WAAS Availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Burst Mode Message Loss Effects On WAAS Availability Richard Fuller, Todd Walter, Per Enge, the satellite ranging-source increases the percentage of time that the precise signal is available. In this way, availability, and continuity. The WAAS Signal-In-Space (SIS) has a limited data message bandwidth of 250 bits

  2. ITS Info. Support Services Send Messages by Instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    , and Expiration Date for the message. 10. Enter the Term number for the class. To select from a list of terms, use. Support Services X Send Messages by Instructor 11/3/2014 Page 2 The Sign In page displays. 3. Enter your Search page displays. 6. Click the Add a New Value tab. Note: If the Datetime Created field displays

  3. This report summarizes and compares the functionality of several portable message passing libraries. A message passing library contains explicit communication primitives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yelick, Katherine

    communication interface on different types of machines. We survey ten message passing libraries, most of which libraries. A message passing library contains explicit communication primitives for the exchange of messages among computing processes. A portable message passing library further attempts to provide a uniform

  4. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2013-10-29

    Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the parallel computer including a plurality of compute nodes that execute a parallel application, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the compute nodes and the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through data communications resources, including receiving in an origin endpoint of the PAMI a data communications instruction, the instruction characterized by an instruction type, the instruction specifying a transmission of transfer data from the origin endpoint to a target endpoint and transmitting, in accordance with the instruction type, the transfer data from the origin endpoint to the target endpoint.

  5. Quantum Monte Carlo by message passing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonca, J.; Gubernatis, J.E.

    1993-01-01

    We summarize results of quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the degenerate single-impurity Anderson model using the impurity algorithm of Hirsch and Fye. Using methods of Bayesian statistical inference, coupled with the principle of maximum entropy, we extracted the single-particle spectral density from the imaginary-time Green's function. The variations of resulting spectral densities with model parameters agree qualitatively with the spectral densities predicted by NCA calculations. All the simulations were performed on a cluster of 16 IBM R6000/560 workstations under the control of the message-passing software PVM. We described the trivial parallelization of our quantum Monte Carlo code both for the cluster and the CM-5 computer. Other issues for effective parallelization of the impurity algorithm are also discussed.

  6. Quantum Monte Carlo by message passing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonca, J.; Gubernatis, J.E.

    1993-05-01

    We summarize results of quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the degenerate single-impurity Anderson model using the impurity algorithm of Hirsch and Fye. Using methods of Bayesian statistical inference, coupled with the principle of maximum entropy, we extracted the single-particle spectral density from the imaginary-time Green`s function. The variations of resulting spectral densities with model parameters agree qualitatively with the spectral densities predicted by NCA calculations. All the simulations were performed on a cluster of 16 IBM R6000/560 workstations under the control of the message-passing software PVM. We described the trivial parallelization of our quantum Monte Carlo code both for the cluster and the CM-5 computer. Other issues for effective parallelization of the impurity algorithm are also discussed.

  7. Application of the Java Message Service in mobile monitoring environments Martin Kuehnhausen , Victor S. Frost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Application of the Java Message Service in mobile monitoring environments Martin Kuehnhausen à on trains. The Java Message Service (JMS) presents a flexible transport layer for asynchronous communication

  8. JLab Mourns Loss of Dr. Brad Tippens, Dept. of Energy (A Message...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesjlab-mourns-loss-dr-brad-tippens-dept-energy-message-dr-timothy-hallman-doe The Passing of Dr. William Bradford Tippens - A Message from Dr....

  9. Social Media and Messages That Matter: Top Tips and Tools Peer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Social Media and Messages That Matter: Top Tips and Tools Peer Exchange Call Social Media and Messages That Matter: Top Tips and Tools Peer Exchange Call July 9...

  10. A generalized message-passing mechanism for communicating sequential processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenders, P.M.

    1988-06-01

    Bidirectional message-passing (bi-io), a new symmetric communication mechanism for concurrent processes is introduced and developed. The mechanism is symmetric in the sense that, in one atomic action, a message is transmitted in each direction between two processes. For some applications (tree structure, systolic arrays), this method is shown to have several advantages over conventional synchronization and communication primitives (mainly conciseness of programs, absence of certain types of deadlock). The mechanism is rigorously defined with a CSP-like syntax and a weakest precondition semantics. Two systolic arrays are developed using bidirectional message-passing: a matrix-vector multiplier, and a palindrome recognizer.

  11. Tomorrow's Environment Today's Focus Message from the Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    #12;Tomorrow's Environment ­ Today's Focus Message from the Students Dear DOE Stakeholder, "Tomorrow's environment is today's focus." Hopefully, with this book our focus has made things clearer Overview of Radiation Dose Facts Environmental Monitoring Oak Ridge Reservation Surveillance Monitoring

  12. Enhancing memory of television commercials through message spacing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Surendra N.; Mishra, Sanjay; Bendapudi, Neeli; Linville, Denise

    1994-08-01

    in marketing is the interaction between message rep- etition and message spacing. Years of research in cognitive psychology have demonstrated that when two occurrences of a repeated word are separated by intervening items, mem- Surendra N. Singh is a Professor... the two presentations of a target commercial was varied within the pod and mem- ory measures were taken after either a short or long delay. The interaction between spacing (lag) and measurement delay was tested over two samples, younger adults and older...

  13. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-02-11

    Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface ('PAMI') or a parallel computer, the parallel computer including a plurality of compute nodes that execute a parallel application, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution of a compute node, including specification of a client, a context, and a task, the compute nodes and the endpoints coupled for data communications instruction, the instruction characterized by instruction type, the instruction specifying a transmission of transfer data from the origin endpoint to a target endpoint and transmitting, in accordance witht the instruction type, the transfer data from the origin endpoin to the target endpoint.

  14. PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shayman, Mark A.

    PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES* Xiaojiang Du to as "poison message failure propagation": Some or all of the network elements have a software or protocol `bug' which is activated on receipt of a certain network control/management message (the poison message

  15. Contention-Free Periodic Message Scheduler Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor / Actuator Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barua, Rajeev

    , and chemical content to enable precise application of agents such as water, fertilizer, and pesticideContention-Free Periodic Message Scheduler Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor / Actuator implemented with a contention-free message scheduler. A message scheduler is used to determine which message

  16. Gateway:A Message Hub with Store-and-forward Messaging in Mobile Networks Eiko Yoneki and Jean Bacon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Bacon University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory, William Gates Building, J J Thomson Avenue Cambridge CB3 0FD, UK {Eiko.Yoneki, Jean.Bacon}@cl.cam.ac.uk Abstract To obtain good performance in messaging

  17. Fabrication of Message Digest to Authenticate Audio Signals with Alternation of Coefficients of Harmonics in Multi-Stages (MDAC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondal, Uttam Kr

    2012-01-01

    Providing security to audio songs for maintaining its intellectual property right (IPR) is one of chanllenging fields in commercial world especially in creative industry. In this paper, an effective approach has been incorporated to fabricate authentication of audio song through application of message digest method with alternation of coefficients of harmonics in multi-stages of higher frequency domain without affecting its audible quality. Decomposing constituent frequency components of song signal using Fourier transform with generating secret code via applying message digest followed by alternating coefficients of specific harmonics in multi-stages generates a secret code and this unique code is utilized to detect the originality of the song. A comparative study has been made with similar existing techniques and experimental results are also supported with mathematical formula based on Microsoft WAVE (".wav") stereo sound file.

  18. Mechanism Design with Renegotiation and Costly Messages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Robert

    not be renegotiated. One argument against this kind of scheme (see Hart and Moore (1999)) is that it would be vulnerable to collusion: for example one of the original two parties might collude with the third party and trigger the fine. On 2 the other hand, Baliga... -horizon protocol. Assume that the parties discount the future and bargain according to an infinite-horizon alternating-offers model. If the periods are sufficiently close together then this model will approximate to the one analyzed above and the result will go...

  19. Standards for message-passing in a distributed memory environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, D.W.

    1992-08-01

    This report presents a summary of the main ideas presented at the First CRPC Work-shop on Standards for Message Passing in a Distributed Memory Environment, held April 29-30, 1992, in Williamsburg, Virginia. This workshop attracted 68 attendees including representative from major hardware and software vendors, and was the first in a series of workshops sponsored by the Center for Research on Parallel Computation. The aim of this series of workshops is to develop and implement a standard for message passing on distributed memory concurrent computers, thereby making it easier to develop efficient, portable application codes for such machines. The report discusses the main issues raised in the CRPC workshop, and describes proposed desirable features of a message passing standard for distributed memory environments.

  20. -----Original Message-----Sent: Wednesday, June 14, 2006 10:29 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center" Dear Mr. Walker: I want to thank the NW Power & Conservation Council and Bonneville Power Of: EMI-095 Mark Walker Director of Public Affairs Northwest Power & Conservation Council 851 SW 6th Administration, and Dr. Tom Karier in particular, for addressing and proposing to develop the "Columbia Basin

  1. -----Original Message-----Sent: Thursday, October 17, 2002 10:34 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Additionally, it reduces oil consumption and benefits endangered species by protecting their habitat. BPA has. It will reduce fossil fuel consumption-thus reducing emissions, contributing to cleaner air and water

  2. President's Message: thoughts of gratitude! Dear CBA Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massicotte, Hugues

    President's Message: thoughts of gratitude! Dear CBA Members: As I write this, I can still feel the energy and enthusiasm of the joint SPNHC- CBA in Ottawa at the beginning of June. Blessed with beautiful, creativity, humanity and artistry. A note of appreciation should go to the 14 members of the SPHNC-CBA Local

  3. MESSAGE EXCHANGES FOR WEB SERVICE-BASED MAPPING SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MESSAGE EXCHANGES FOR WEB SERVICE-BASED MAPPING SERVICES Ahmet Sayar 1, *, Marlon Pierce 1 will be implemented more extensively by using Web Service approach. A spatial data infrastructure lets many GIS the integration of data and services from multiple sources from different vendors. The Web services architecture

  4. Broadcasting Information via Display Names in Instant Messaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    (Multi-User Domains or Multi-User Dungeons), IRC (Internet Relay Chat), and broadcast messaging tools collect one's `buddies', these lists are not shared across contacts. In contrast, MUDs and IRC are public channels, where any conversation is heard by all people currently in the MUD or IRC. Most tend to be used

  5. Gerald G. Boyd Theodore Sherry Message from the Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    , and nuclear energy. The information presented in this summary clearly shows that Oak Ridge is a safe community#12;Gerald G. Boyd Theodore Sherry Message from the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear Security Administration Each year the Department of Energy conducts environmental monitoring at each

  6. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Message from the Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    #12;ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Message from the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear energy. The information presented in this summary shows that Oak Ridge is a safe community for its Security Administration Each year the Department of Energy conducts environmental monitoring at each

  7. Light and Matter: Reading Messages from the Cosmos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenshaw, Michael

    1 Chapter 5 Light and Matter: Reading Messages from the Cosmos How do we experience light? · The warmth of sunlight tells us that light is a form of energy · We can measure the amount of energy emitted ) Colors of Light · White light is made up of many different colors How do light and matter interact

  8. A Welcome Message from Texas A&M Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;A Welcome Message from Texas A&M Information Technology New Employees 2 At Texas A&M University business, information technology is a vital component of achieving this mission. "...look to Texas A&M Information Technology for the IT resources, facilities and assistance needed to attain your goals." As you

  9. Scalable Meter Data Collection in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    1 Scalable Meter Data Collection in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation Babak Karimi, Student The information communication and control layer of the smart grid brings about numerous advances, including and the grid operator's control center, as well as between the smart meter and consumer appliances, would

  10. A Novel Message Scheduling Framework for Delay Tolerant Networks Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    Han Ho, and K. Naik are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. E-mail: aelwhish@engmail.uwaterloo.ca, pinhan@bbcr.uwaterloo.ca, snaik of copies of each message are generated and disseminated throughout the network. The source node forwards

  11. Presentation of dynamically overlapping auditory messages in user interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papp, A.L.

    1997-09-01

    This dissertation describes a methodology and example implementation for the dynamic regulation of temporally overlapping auditory messages in computer-user interfaces. The regulation mechanism exists to schedule numerous overlapping auditory messages in such a way that each individual message remains perceptually distinct from all others. The method is based on the research conducted in the area of auditory scene analysis. While numerous applications have been engineered to present the user with temporally overlapped auditory output, they have generally been designed without any structured method of controlling the perceptual aspects of the sound. The method of scheduling temporally overlapping sounds has been extended to function in an environment where numerous applications can present sound independently of each other. The Centralized Audio Presentation System is a global regulation mechanism that controls all audio output requests made from all currently running applications. The notion of multimodal objects is explored in this system as well. Each audio request that represents a particular message can include numerous auditory representations, such as musical motives and voice. The Presentation System scheduling algorithm selects the best representation according to the current global auditory system state, and presents it to the user within the request constraints of priority and maximum acceptable latency. The perceptual conflicts between temporally overlapping audio messages are examined in depth through the Computational Auditory Scene Synthesizer. At the heart of this system is a heuristic-based auditory scene synthesis scheduling method. Different schedules of overlapped sounds are evaluated and assigned penalty scores. High scores represent presentations that include perceptual conflicts between over-lapping sounds. Low scores indicate fewer and less serious conflicts. A user study was conducted to validate that the perceptual difficulties predicted by the set of heuristic algorithms actually existed in test subjects.

  12. Improved flooding of broadcast messages using extended multipoint relaying Pere Montolio Arandaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin

    Improved flooding of broadcast messages using extended multipoint relaying Pere Montolio Arandaa operation in wireless ad hoc networks is the flooding of broadcast messages to establish network topologies and routing tables. The flooding of broadcast messages is, however, a resource consuming process. It might

  13. On the Scalable Collection of Metering Data in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    On the Scalable Collection of Metering Data in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation Babak them through a communication backhaul. This work studies the smart meter message concatenation (SMMC) problem of how to concatenate multiple small smart metering messages arriving at data concentrator units

  14. Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shayman, Mark A.

    Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages@research.telcordia.com * Research supported by DARPA under contract N66001-00-C-8037. Abstract: Poison message failure propagation propose a combination of passive diagnosis and active diagnosis to deal with the poison message problem

  15. MORE operating system: a message oriented resource environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, B.; Poggio, M.

    1986-07-15

    The operating system, MORE (Message Oriented Resource Environment), is designed for a software engineering environment built on the VAXstation II micro-computer. The MORE operating system is based on the message passing model. The hardware configuration of the VAXstation II is described, including a thorough discussion of the hardware operating system support features of the VAX architecture. The software engineering environment that MORE will provide for the user is discussed. The operating system as the application programmer will see it is presented in the form of a system services manual for MORE. The concept of a server in MORE and the objects or resources manipulated by the servers are included. The high level implementation and organization of MORE, the device managers and drivers, and the kernel of MORE are detailed. 17 refs., 17 figs.

  16. Message from the President to Federal Employees | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal to changeNovemberEnergyMessage from DOE on

  17. EM Recovery Act Top Line Messages | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementof EnergyQuality AssuranceTop Line Messages EM

  18. Message from Chief of Nuclear Safety | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPAEnergy May 28 WebinarProtectMessage from Chief of Nuclear

  19. A proposal for a user-level, message passing interface in a distributed memory environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dongarra, J.J. |; Hempel, R.; Hey, A.J.G.; Walker, D.W.

    1993-02-01

    This paper describes Message Passing Interface 1 (MPI1), a proposed library interface standard for supporting point-to-point message passing. The intended standard will be provided with Fortran 77 and C interfaces, and will form the basis of a standard high level communication environment featuring collective communication and data distribution transformations. The standard proposed here provides blocking, nonblocking, and synchronized message passing between pairs of processes, with message selectivity by source process and message type. Provision is made for noncontiguous messages. Context control provides a convenient means of avoiding message selectivity conflicts between different phases of an application. The ability to form and manipulate process groups permits task parallelism to be exploited, and is a useful abstraction in controlling certain types of collective communication.

  20. Identifying messaging completion in a parallel computer by checking for change in message received and transmitted count at each node

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN); Hardwick, Camesha R. (Fayetteville, NC); McCarthy, Patrick J. (Rochester, MN); Wallenfelt, Brian P. (Eden Prairie, MN)

    2009-06-23

    Methods, parallel computers, and products are provided for identifying messaging completion on a parallel computer. The parallel computer includes a plurality of compute nodes, the compute nodes coupled for data communications by at least two independent data communications networks including a binary tree data communications network optimal for collective operations that organizes the nodes as a tree and a torus data communications network optimal for point to point operations that organizes the nodes as a torus. Embodiments include reading all counters at each node of the torus data communications network; calculating at each node a current node value in dependence upon the values read from the counters at each node; and determining for all nodes whether the current node value for each node is the same as a previously calculated node value for each node. If the current node is the same as the previously calculated node value for all nodes of the torus data communications network, embodiments include determining that messaging is complete and if the current node is not the same as the previously calculated node value for all nodes of the torus data communications network, embodiments include determining that messaging is currently incomplete.

  1. -paper (54/518) Back to Message List Compose new messageReplyReply allForwardForward as attachmentForward as original

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Xiao-Gang

    is maintained. Yours sincerely, Robert Garisto Associate Editor Physical Review Letters Email: prl@ridge.aps.org Fax: 631-591-4141 http://prl.aps.org/ Physics - spotlighting exceptional research: http://physics.aps.org/ and Anthony M. Begley Editor Physical Review B Email: prb@ridge.aps.org Fax: 631-591-4141 http://prb.aps

  2. Entanglement-based quantum communication may prevent tracking the message sender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Siomau

    2015-07-27

    The possibility of attaining current position of the message sender without person's consent seriously compromises the secrecy of correspondence. Classical communication systems cannot guarantee the security of communication against unwanted location tracking, because the sender must broadcast a signal at the moment of sending the message. The source of the signal could be always located, at least in principle. We show that quantum communication enables sending the message with pre-distributed entangled quantum systems, local weak measurements, time synchronization between the sender and the receiver and classical communication by the message receiver alone, therefore, physically securing the sender's location.

  3. Classification of Message Spreading in a Heterogeneous Social Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jendoubi, Siwar; Liétard, Ludovic; Yaghlane, Boutheina Ben

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, social networks such as Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn become increasingly popular. In fact, they introduced new habits, new ways of communication and they collect every day several information that have different sources. Most existing research works fo-cus on the analysis of homogeneous social networks, i.e. we have a single type of node and link in the network. However, in the real world, social networks offer several types of nodes and links. Hence, with a view to preserve as much information as possible, it is important to consider so-cial networks as heterogeneous and uncertain. The goal of our paper is to classify the social message based on its spreading in the network and the theory of belief functions. The proposed classifier interprets the spread of messages on the network, crossed paths and types of links. We tested our classifier on a real word network that we collected from Twitter, and our experiments show the performance of our belief classifier.

  4. Wireless Reliable Messaging Protocol for Web Services (WS WRM) Sangmi Lee and Geoffrey Fox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallickara, Sangmi

    Wireless Reliable Messaging Protocol for Web Services (WS ­WRM) Sangmi Lee and Geoffrey Fox Community Grid Laboratory, Indiana University {leesangm, gcf}@indiana.edu Abstract By employing Web services addressed for quality of services in Web services. In this paper, we propose a reliable message scheme

  5. A Unified Abstraction for Messaging on the Semantic Web Dennis Quan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Semantic Web, e-mail, instant messaging, IRC, newsgroups, annotation, web logs, blogs, news feeds, user-mail, but instant messaging (IM), Internet Relay Chat (IRC), and Usenet newsgroups have also found widespread use in functionality in the clients for these systems. E- mail clients, instant messengers, and IRC clients all have

  6. Mean Field Models of Message Throughput in Dynamic Peer-to-Peer Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harwood, Aaron

    2007-01-01

    The churn rate of a peer-to-peer system places direct limitations on the rate at which messages can be effectively communicated to a group of peers. These limitations are independent of the topology and message transmission latency. In this paper we consider a peer-to-peer network, based on the Engset model, where peers arrive and depart independently at random. We show how the arrival and departure rates directly limit the capacity for message streams to be broadcast to all other peers, by deriving mean field models that accurately describe the system behavior. Our models cover the unit and more general k buffer cases, i.e. where a peer can buffer at most k messages at any one time, and we give results for both single and multi-source message streams. We define coverage rate as peer-messages per unit time, i.e. the rate at which a number of peers receive messages, and show that the coverage rate is limited by the churn rate and buffer size. Our theory introduces an Instantaneous Message Exchange (IME) model ...

  7. Interorganizational Workflows An approach based on Message Sequence Charts and Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    message sequence charts to specify the interaction between organizations. Petri nets are used to modelInterorganizational Workflows An approach based on Message Sequence Charts and Petri Nets W of business pro- cesses within one organization. However, today's corporations are challenged to cross

  8. An analysis of Twitter messages in the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doan, Son; Collier, Nigel

    2011-01-01

    Social media such as Facebook and Twitter have proven to be a useful resource to understand public opinion towards real world events. In this paper, we investigate over 1.5 million Twitter messages (tweets) for the period 9th March 2011 to 31st May 2011 in order to track awareness and anxiety levels in the Tokyo metropolitan district to the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and subsequent tsunami and nuclear emergencies. These three events were tracked using both English and Japanese tweets. Preliminary results indicated: 1) close correspondence between Twitter data and earthquake events, 2) strong correlation between English and Japanese tweets on the same events, 3) tweets in the native language play an important roles in early warning, 4) tweets showed how quickly Japanese people's anxiety returned to normal levels after the earthquake event. Several distinctions between English and Japanese tweets on earthquake events are also discussed. The results suggest that Twitter data can be used as a useful resource for trac...

  9. Administering truncated receive functions in a parallel messaging interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-12-09

    Administering truncated receive functions in a parallel messaging interface (`PMI`) of a parallel computer comprising a plurality of compute nodes coupled for data communications through the PMI and through a data communications network, including: sending, through the PMI on a source compute node, a quantity of data from the source compute node to a destination compute node; specifying, by an application on the destination compute node, a portion of the quantity of data to be received by the application on the destination compute node and a portion of the quantity of data to be discarded; receiving, by the PMI on the destination compute node, all of the quantity of data; providing, by the PMI on the destination compute node to the application on the destination compute node, only the portion of the quantity of data to be received by the application; and discarding, by the PMI on the destination compute node, the portion of the quantity of data to be discarded.

  10. Experimental Demonstration of End-to-End Message Passing for HPC systems through a Hybrid Optical Switch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    optical switch and FPGAs emulating a High Performance Computing system. The experiment-driven simulation-latency message passing is critical to High Performance Computing (HPC) systems. The Message Passing Interface

  11. Message in a Bottle: An Advertising Campaign's Appropriation of Obama's Inclusive Rhetoric, and What This Reveals About National Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naman, Tyler

    2011-01-01

    Message in a Bottle: An Advertising Campaign’s AppropriationMessage in a Bottle: An Advertising Campaign’s Appropriations campaign, and about the advertising tactics used to market

  12. Origins of cellular geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Wallace F

    2011-01-01

    as: Marshall WF: Origins of cellular geometry. BMC Biologyin the author’s lab on cellular geometry is supported by NIHOpen Access Origins of cellular geometry Wallace F Marshall*

  13. Characterizing Computation-Communication Overlap in Message-Passing Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David E. Bernholdt; Jarek Nieplocha; P. Sadayappan; Aniruddha G. Shet; Vinod Tipparaju

    2008-01-31

    Effective overlap of computation and communication is a well understood technique for latency hiding and can yield significant performance gains for applications on high-end computers. In this report, we describe an instrumentation framework developed for message-passing systems to characterize the degree of overlap of communication with computation in the execution of parallel applications. The inability to obtain precise time-stamps for pertinent communication events is a significant problem, and is addressed by generation of minimum and maximum bounds on achieved overlap. The overlap measures can aid application developers and system designers in investigating scalability issues. The approach has been used to instrument two MPI implementations as well as the ARMCI system. The implementation resides entirely within the communication library and thus integrates well with existing approaches that operate outside the library. The utility of the framework is demonstrated by analyzing communication-computation overlap for micro-benchmarks and the NAS benchmarks, and the insights obtained are used to modify the NAS SP benchmark, resulting in improved overlap.

  14. High-Performance Buildings – Value, Messaging, Financial and Policy Mechanisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCabe, Molly

    2011-02-22

    At the request of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, an in-depth analysis of the rapidly evolving state of real estate investments, high-performance building technology, and interest in efficiency was conducted by HaydenTanner, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Program. The analysis objectives were • to evaluate the link between high-performance buildings and their market value • to identify core messaging to motivate owners, investors, financiers, and others in the real estate sector to appropriately value and deploy high-performance strategies and technologies across new and existing buildings • to summarize financial mechanisms that facilitate increased investment in these buildings. To meet these objectives, work consisted of a literature review of relevant writings, examination of existing and emergent financial and policy mechanisms, interviews with industry stakeholders, and an evaluation of the value implications through financial modeling. This report documents the analysis methodology and findings, conclusion and recommendations. Its intent is to support and inform the DOE Building Technologies Program on policy and program planning for the financing of high-performance new buildings and building retrofit projects.

  15. Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message Heather - International Hello and Welcome to the Nigeria and Ghana visa and pre-arrivals web chat Heather - International My

  16. Take Your Time; Don't Waste Your Time: Memorable Messages about Graduating in Four Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herron, Marla Jean

    2011-06-21

    This study investigated the memorable messages that undergraduates recalled about how long it should take to graduate. Eleven focus groups were conducted with undergraduates at the University of Kansas. Parents were found ...

  17. Comparing Supervised and Unsupervised Classification of Messages in the Enron Email Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Ted

    involving the Enron Corporation. It consists of 517,431 messages sent and received by 151 ex-employees of the experimental data 19 3.1 Business Directory ................................................................................ 22 3.2 Personal Directory

  18. Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding III: Engaging Key Audiences in Bioenergy Cellu-WHAT?-sic: Communicating the Biofuels Message to Local Stakeholders Matt Merritt, Director, Public Relations, POET–DSM Advanced Biofuels

  19. Eliminating livelock by assigning the same priority state to each message that is input into a flushable routing system during N time intervals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faber, V.

    1994-11-29

    Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T. 4 figures.

  20. The Effect of Marketing Messages, Liquidity Constraints, and Household Bargaining on Willingness to Pay for a Nontraditional Cook-stove

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beltramo, Theresa; Levine, David I; Blalock, Garrick

    2014-01-01

    Categories. ” International Marketing Review 28 (3): 244–66.of a Novel Offer and Marketing Messages on Uptake and Usagefrom a Consumer Credit Marketing Field Experiment. ” The

  1. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W...

  2. Quantum public-key algorithms to encrypt and authenticate quantum messages with information-theoretic security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Min Liang; Li Yang

    2012-05-10

    Public-key cryptosystems for quantum messages are considered from two aspects: public-key encryption and public-key authentication. Firstly, we propose a general construction of quantum public-key encryption scheme, and then construct an information-theoretic secure instance. Then, we propose a quantum public-key authentication scheme, which can protect the integrity of quantum messages. This scheme can both encrypt and authenticate quantum messages. It is information-theoretic secure with regard to encryption, and the success probability of tampering decreases exponentially with the security parameter with regard to authentication. Compared with classical public-key cryptosystems, one private-key in our schemes corresponds to an exponential number of public-keys, and every quantum public-key used by the sender is an unknown quantum state to the sender.

  3. Quantum public-key algorithms to encrypt and authenticate quantum messages with information-theoretic security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Min

    2012-01-01

    Public-key cryptosystems for quantum messages are considered from two aspects: public-key encryption and public-key authentication. Firstly, we propose a general construction of quantum public-key encryption scheme, and then construct an information-theoretic secure instance. Then, we propose a quantum public-key authentication scheme, which can protect the integrity of quantum messages. This scheme can both encrypt and authenticate quantum messages. It is information-theoretic secure with regard to encryption, and the success probability of tampering decreases exponentially with the security parameter with regard to authentication. Compared with classical public-key cryptosystems, one private-key in our schemes corresponds to an exponential number of public-keys, and every quantum public-key used by the sender is an unknown quantum state to the sender.

  4. WORLDLY | IntegRateD | peRsOnaLIzeD MBa Message from the Director 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    WORLDLY | IntegRateD | peRsOnaLIzeD MBa beyond business as usual #12;Contents WoRLDLY Message from: An International & Dynamic City 16 InteGRAteD What is Integrated Management? 18 Our Unique Integrated Approach Program 29 PeRsonALIzeD Message from Career Services 30 Employment Statistics 32 Our Mentoring Program 33

  5. Message from the President Top 10 Strategic Directions 1999-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Windsor Top 10 Strategic Directions 1999-2004 1 Academic Revitalization 2 Enrolment Management 3Message from the President Top 10 Strategic Directions 1999-2004 Facts at a Glance Research of the clearest and most specific strategic blueprints among Canadian universities. Covering the period 1999

  6. Efficient Barrier Synchronization Mechanism for the BSP Model on Message-Passing Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Soonhoi

    Efficient Barrier Synchronization Mechanism for the BSP Model on Message-Passing Architectures Jin-742, KOREA jinsoo, sha, csjhon¡ @comp.snu.ac.kr Abstract The Bulk Synchronous Parallel (BSP) model of computa- tion can be used to develop efficient and portable programs for a range of machines

  7. A Performance Instrumentation Framework to Characterize Computation-Communication Overlap in Message-Passing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shet, Aniruddha G.

    A Performance Instrumentation Framework to Characterize Computation-Communication Overlap for applications on high-end computers. In this paper, we propose an instrumentation framework for message. The ap- proach has been used to instrument two MPI implementa- tions as well as the ARMCI system

  8. C. Mohan Speaks Out on R*, Message Queues, Computer Science in India, How ARIES Came About,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Mohan Speaks Out on R*, Message Queues, Computer Science in India, How ARIES Came About, Life as an IBM Fellow, and More by Marianne Winslett C. Mohan http:// www.almaden.ibm.com/u/mohan/ I would like. Mohan, who is the technical team lead for the DBCache project at IBM Almaden Research Center. Mohan

  9. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE Message from the President

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE MAY 2008 Message from the President The Path into a legacy that we can be proud to impart to the future. A Strategic Conversation This strategic plan, which and Delaware community. Beginning in July 2007, the Strategic Planning Committee engaged a wide cross

  10. An Analysis of the Costs for Reliable Messaging in Web/Grid Service Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Analysis of the Costs for Reliable Messaging in Web/Grid Service Environments Shrideep As Web Services have matured the interactions that the services have between themselves have gotten increasingly complex and sophisticated. Web services can be composed easily from other services

  11. 2010MIT SOLAR ELECTRIC VEHICLE TEAM A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010MIT SOLAR ELECTRIC VEHICLE TEAM #12;A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT President Hockfield poses with SEVT members at an outreach event ONE #12;The MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team (SEVT) is a student of innovators. Team Goals: Facilitate continuous innovation and development in all fields related to solar

  12. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Message from the Department of Energy and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    #12;ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Message from the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear energy. The information presented in this summary shows that Oak Ridge is a safe community for its Security Administration Each year the Department of Energy conducts environmental monitor- ing at each

  13. Scalable Replay with Partial-Order Dependencies for Message-Logging Fault Tolerance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lifflander, Jonathan; Meneses, Esteban; Menon, Harshita; Miller, Phil; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Kale, Laxmikant

    2014-09-22

    Deterministic replay of a parallel application is commonly used for discovering bugs or to recover from a hard fault with message-logging fault tolerance. For message passing programs, a major source of overhead during forward execution is recording the order in which messages are sent and received. During replay, this ordering must be used to deterministically reproduce the execution. Previous work in replay algorithms often makes minimal assumptions about the programming model and application in order to maintain generality. However, in many cases, only a partial order must be recorded due to determinism intrinsic in the code, ordering constraints imposed by the execution model, and events that are commutative (their relative execution order during replay does not need to be reproduced exactly). In this paper, we present a novel algebraic framework for reasoning about the minimum dependencies required to represent the partial order for different concurrent orderings and interleavings. By exploiting this theory, we improve on an existing scalable message-logging fault tolerance scheme. The improved scheme scales to 131,072 cores on an IBM BlueGene/P with up to 2x lower overhead than one that records a total order.

  14. Hiding Traffic with Camouflage: Minimizing Message Delay in the Smart Grid under Jamming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    Hiding Traffic with Camouflage: Minimizing Message Delay in the Smart Grid under Jamming Zhuo Lu}@ncsu.edu Email: cliff.wang@us.army.mil Abstract--The smart grid is an emerging cyber-physical system that integrates power infrastructures with information technolo- gies. In the smart grid, wireless networks have

  15. SMERT: Energy-Efficient Design of a Multimedia Messaging System for Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    and battery lifetime. In this paper, we describe our design and implementation of an energy, or enhanced with key-frame images or video clips with different resolution and frame rates. In our system the user immediately or send a message to the wrist-worn display. All these are done in a battery

  16. May 20, 2015 President's Message to the Community: Government of Ontario selects York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 20, 2015 President's Message to the Community: Government of Ontario selects York University Markham Centre project to receive funding I am delighted to let you know that the Government of Ontario Wynne and the Ontario government have recognized the strong merits of building a university campus

  17. FOI Key message 22/12/04 The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act, 2002, (FOI) provides important new rights of access to information from the University FOI co-ordinator. There are limited exemptions from the right to access informationFOI Key message 22/12/04 The Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 What everyone needs to know

  18. RTI Performance on Shared Memory and Message Passing Architectures Steve L. Ferenci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RTI Performance on Shared Memory and Message Passing Architectures Steve L. Ferenci Richard,fujimoto}@cc.gatech.edu Keywords: HLA, RTI, Time Management, Shared Memory. ABSTRACT: This paper compares the performance of HLA (Myricomm's Myrinet), and 3) a traditional LAN using TCP/IP. This work is based on the RTI­Kit software

  19. RTI Performance on Shared Memory and Message Passing Architectures Steve L. Ferenci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RTI Performance on Shared Memory and Message Passing Architectures Steve L. Ferenci Richard,fujimoto}@cc.gatech.edu Keywords: HLA, RTI, Time Management, Shared Memory. ABSTRACT: This paper compares the performance of HLA (Myricomm's Myrinet), and 3) a traditional LAN using TCP/IP. This work is based on the RTI-Kit software

  20. Message-Optimal and Latency-Optimal Termination Detection Algorithms for Arbitrary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Neeraj

    Message-Optimal and Latency-Optimal Termination Detection Algorithms for Arbitrary Topologies. Detecting termination of a distributed computation is a fun- damental problem in distributed systems. We present two optimal algo- rithms for detecting termination of a non-diffusing distributed computa- tion

  1. ASH FALL TERMS AND PUBLIC WARNING MESSAGES DURING THE ONGOING ERUPTION OF REDOUBT VOLCANO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASH FALL TERMS AND PUBLIC WARNING MESSAGES DURING THE ONGOING ERUPTION OF REDOUBT VOLCANO The National Weather Service and AVO have developed the following terminology to describe expected ash fall events. Depending on the amount of ash expected, the National Weather Service will issue a different type

  2. Scheduling messages with offsets on Controller Area Network -a major performance boost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    by car manufacturers is to schedule the messages with offsets, which leads to a desynchronization in the case of Controller Area Net- work, which is a de-facto standard in the automotive world. Comprehensive of traffic with the increasing amount of data exchanged between Electronic Control Units (ECUs). A car

  3. Taming Uncertainties in Wireless Messaging for Automotive Cyber-Physical-Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    Taming Uncertainties in Wireless Messaging for Automotive Cyber-Physical-Systems Hongwei Zhang Wireless networking for automotive CPS Today's vehicles are much more than a mechanical device, and complex to the scalability of vehicular communication system, which is a basic element of automotive cyber-physical systems

  4. Starry messages: Searching for signatures of interstellar archaeology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrigan, Richard A., Jr.; /Fermilab

    2009-12-01

    Searching for signatures of cosmic-scale archaeological artifacts such as Dyson spheres or Kardashev civilizations is an interesting alternative to conventional SETI. Uncovering such an artifact does not require the intentional transmission of a signal on the part of the original civilization. This type of search is called interstellar archaeology or sometimes cosmic archaeology. The detection of intelligence elsewhere in the Universe with interstellar archaeology or SETI would have broad implications for science. For example, the constraints of the anthropic principle would have to be loosened if a different type of intelligence was discovered elsewhere. A variety of interstellar archaeology signatures are discussed including non-natural planetary atmospheric constituents, stellar doping with isotopes of nuclear wastes, Dyson spheres, as well as signatures of stellar and galactic-scale engineering. The concept of a Fermi bubble due to interstellar migration is introduced in the discussion of galactic signatures. These potential interstellar archaeological signatures are classified using the Kardashev scale. A modified Drake equation is used to evaluate the relative challenges of finding various sources. With few exceptions interstellar archaeological signatures are clouded and beyond current technological capabilities. However SETI for so-called cultural transmissions and planetary atmosphere signatures are within reach.

  5. Article original Pollution fluore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Article original Pollution fluorée et croissance radiale des conifères en Maurienne (Savoie, France; accepté le 24 juillet 1989) Résumé - La recherche de l'impact de la pollution fluorée sur la croissance en en fonction de l'éloignement des sources de pollution, l'exposition et l'altitude. L'é- tude porte

  6. The Origins of Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-07-30

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  7. The Origins of Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  8. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Out of equilibrium structuring in space and time is contingent on continuous entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the natural tendency of Nature to explore all available microstates. The process producing the greatest amount of entropy in the biosphere is the absorption and transformation of sunlight, leading to the transpiration of water by plants and cyanobacteria. Here we hypothesize that life began, and exists today, as a dynamic catalyst for the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat, which could then be efficiently harvested by the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents. RNA and DNA are the most efficient of all known molecules for absorbing the ultraviolet light that could have penetrated the dense early atmosphere, and are extremely rapid in transforming this light into heat that can be readily absorbed by liquid water. The origin and evolution of life was thus driven...

  9. Decoding the `Nature Encoded' Messages for Distributed Energy Generation Control in Microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Shuping; Lai, Lifeng; Qiu, Robert C

    2010-01-01

    The communication for the control of distributed energy generation (DEG) in microgrid is discussed. Due to the requirement of realtime transmission, weak or no explicit channel coding is used for the message of system state. To protect the reliability of the uncoded or weakly encoded messages, the system dynamics are considered as a `nature encoding' similar to convolution code, due to its redundancy in time. For systems with or without explicit channel coding, two decoding procedures based on Kalman filtering and Pearl's Belief Propagation, in a similar manner to Turbo processing in traditional data communication systems, are proposed. Numerical simulations have demonstrated the validity of the schemes, using a linear model of electric generator dynamic system.

  10. ORIGINAL SIGNED BY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer underI REEECNO OF DOCUMENT2 DIRECTOR TribbleORIGINAL

  11. Original Signature on File

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O Streams forOrhan Kizilkaya, Ph.D. Title: Assistant Original

  12. Message from the President to U.S. Government Employees | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal to changeNovemberEnergyMessage from DOE

  13. Recoverable DTN Routing based on a Relay of Cyclic Message-Ferries on a MSQ Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayashi, Yukio

    2015-01-01

    An interrelation between a topological design of network and efficient algorithm on it is important for its applications to communication or transportation systems. In this paper, we propose a design principle for a reliable routing in a store-carry-forward manner based on autonomously moving message-ferries on a special structure of fractal-like network, which consists of a self-similar tiling of equilateral triangles. As a collective adaptive mechanism, the routing is realized by a relay of cyclic message-ferries corresponded to a concatenation of the triangle cycles and using some good properties of the network structure. It is recoverable for local accidents in the hierarchical network structure. Moreover, the design principle is theoretically supported with a calculation method for the optimal service rates of message-ferries derived from a tandem queue model for stochastic processes on a chain of edges in the network. These results obtained from a combination of complex network science and computer scie...

  14. The message does not matter: the influence of the network on information diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Franca, Fabricio Olivetti; Penteado, Claudio Luis de Camargo

    2015-01-01

    How an information spreads throughout a social network is a valuable knowledge sought by many groups such as marketing enterprises and political parties. If they can somehow predict the impact of a given message or manipulate it in order to amplify how long it will spread, it would give them a huge advantage over their competitors. Intuitively, it is expected that two factors contribute to make an information becoming viral: how influential the person who spreads is inside its network and the content of the message. The former should have a more important role, since people will not just blindly share any content, or will they? In this work it is found that the degree of a node alone is capable of accurately predicting how many followers of the seed user will spread the information through a simple linear regression. The analysis was performed with five different messages from Twitter network that was shared with different degrees along the users. The results show evidences that no matter the content, the num...

  15. Medical Messages

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    by an electrocardiogram flat line. Auscultation - the act of listening to the heart, lungs, abdomen, etc. with the aid of a stethoscope. Bradycardia - a heart rhythm...

  16. President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogler, Francine

    2005-01-01

    between Cal/ AAEM and Cal/ACEP, particularly in those areasthe alliance between Cal/ACEP and Cal/AAEM. He distinguishedboth Cal/AAEM and Cal/ACEP. Dr. Windham also established

  17. President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Emergency Physicians (CAL/ACEP) and other emergency medicinewhen the leaders of CAL/ACEP graciously proposed that weorganizations – AAEM and ACEP. Regarding the question about

  18. President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazzi, A. Antoine

    2002-01-01

    relationship with CAL/ACEP. Over the last two years, wefor all CAL/AAEM, CAL/ACEP and AAEM members, providingyears in a row a CAL/AAEM-CAL/ACEP co-sponsored California

  19. President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabaeff, Steven

    2006-01-01

    With increased involvement with ACEP on many levels, we whocurrent relationship to ACEP During this year we expandedwe were confronted by ACEP with solicitations for money to

  20. Presdient's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swadron, Stuart P

    2008-01-01

    AAEM’s observer on the Cal/ACEP Board, where he is a regularyear’s president of Cal/ACEP) have already met to discussa strong AAEM and a strong ACEP – two organizations that are

  1. Director's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Rachel C.

    2015-01-01

    transcend cultural Climate Change in Antarctic Ocean-an article on the 2015 climate change and notions of heroic

  2. THE COSMIC ORIGINS SPECTROGRAPH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, James C.; Michael Shull, J.; Snow, Theodore P.; Stocke, John [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 391-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Froning, Cynthia S.; Osterman, Steve; Beland, Stephane; Burgh, Eric B.; Danforth, Charles; France, Kevin [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Ebbets, Dennis [Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp., 1600 Commerce Street, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Heap, Sara H. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 681, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Leitherer, Claus; Sembach, Kenneth [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Linsky, Jeffrey L. [JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States); Savage, Blair D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Siegmund, Oswald H. W. [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Spencer, John; Alan Stern, S. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Welsh, Barry [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); and others

    2012-01-01

    The Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) is a moderate-resolution spectrograph with unprecedented sensitivity that was installed into the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) in 2009 May, during HST Servicing Mission 4 (STS-125). We present the design philosophy and summarize the key characteristics of the instrument that will be of interest to potential observers. For faint targets, with flux F{sub {lambda}} Almost-Equal-To 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -14} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} A{sup -1}, COS can achieve comparable signal to noise (when compared to Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph echelle modes) in 1%-2% of the observing time. This has led to a significant increase in the total data volume and data quality available to the community. For example, in the first 20 months of science operation (2009 September-2011 June) the cumulative redshift pathlength of extragalactic sight lines sampled by COS is nine times than sampled at moderate resolution in 19 previous years of Hubble observations. COS programs have observed 214 distinct lines of sight suitable for study of the intergalactic medium as of 2011 June. COS has measured, for the first time with high reliability, broad Ly{alpha} absorbers and Ne VIII in the intergalactic medium, and observed the He II reionization epoch along multiple sightlines. COS has detected the first CO emission and absorption in the UV spectra of low-mass circumstellar disks at the epoch of giant planet formation, and detected multiple ionization states of metals in extra-solar planetary atmospheres. In the coming years, COS will continue its census of intergalactic gas, probe galactic and cosmic structure, and explore physics in our solar system and Galaxy.

  3. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION Developmental Craniofacial Anthropometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Moo K.

    ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION Developmental Craniofacial Anthropometry: Assessment of Race Effects REID B. Key words: race; anthropometry; craniofacial; vocal tract; pharynx; imaging; development INTRODUCTION

  4. Task-parallel message passing interface implementation of Autodock4 for docking of very large databases of compounds using high-performance super-computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collignon, Barbara C; Schultz, Roland; Smith, Jeremy C; Baudry, Jerome Y

    2011-01-01

    A message passing interface (MPI)-based implementation (Autodock4.lga.MPI) of the grid-based docking program Autodock4 has been developed to allow simultaneous and independent docking of multiple compounds on up to thousands of central processing units (CPUs) using the Lamarkian genetic algorithm. The MPI version reads a single binary file containing precalculated grids that represent the protein-ligand interactions, i.e., van der Waals, electrostatic, and desolvation potentials, and needs only two input parameter files for the entire docking run. In comparison, the serial version of Autodock4 reads ASCII grid files and requires one parameter file per compound. The modifications performed result in significantly reduced input/output activity compared with the serial version. Autodock4.lga.MPI scales up to 8192 CPUs with a maximal overhead of 16.3%, of which two thirds is due to input/output operations and one third originates from MPI operations. The optimal docking strategy, which minimizes docking CPU time without lowering the quality of the database enrichments, comprises the docking of ligands preordered from the most to the least flexible and the assignment of the number of energy evaluations as a function of the number of rotatable bounds. In 24 h, on 8192 high-performance computing CPUs, the present MPI version would allow docking to a rigid protein of about 300K small flexible compounds or 11 million rigid compounds.

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulholland, James A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Emergency Department Visits Kristi Busico ambient air pollutants and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the roles of the physicochemical components the relation between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular conditions using ambient air quality data

  6. Processing communications events in parallel active messaging interface by awakening thread from wait state

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2013-10-22

    Processing data communications events in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer that includes compute nodes that execute a parallel application, with the PAMI including data communications endpoints, and the endpoints are coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through other data communications resources, including determining by an advance function that there are no actionable data communications events pending for its context, placing by the advance function its thread of execution into a wait state, waiting for a subsequent data communications event for the context; responsive to occurrence of a subsequent data communications event for the context, awakening by the thread from the wait state; and processing by the advance function the subsequent data communications event now pending for the context.

  7. Endpoint-based parallel data processing in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael E; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-02-11

    Endpoint-based parallel data processing in a parallel active messaging interface ('PAMI') of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the compute nodes coupled for data communications through the PAMI, including establishing a data communications geometry, the geometry specifying, for tasks representing processes of execution of the parallel application, a set of endpoints that are used in collective operations of the PAMI including a plurality of endpoints for one of the tasks; receiving in endpoints of the geometry an instruction for a collective operation; and executing the instruction for a collective opeartion through the endpoints in dependence upon the geometry, including dividing data communications operations among the plurality of endpoints for one of the tasks.

  8. Endpoint-based parallel data processing in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

    2014-08-12

    Endpoint-based parallel data processing in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the compute nodes coupled for data communications through the PAMI, including establishing a data communications geometry, the geometry specifying, for tasks representing processes of execution of the parallel application, a set of endpoints that are used in collective operations of the PAMI including a plurality of endpoints for one of the tasks; receiving in endpoints of the geometry an instruction for a collective operation; and executing the instruction for a collective operation through the endpoints in dependence upon the geometry, including dividing data communications operations among the plurality of endpoints for one of the tasks.

  9. Message Passing for Integrating and Assessing Renewable Generation in a Redundant Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdeborová, Lenka; Chertkov, Michael

    2009-01-01

    A simplified model of a redundant power grid is used to study integration of fluctuating renewable generation. The grid consists of large number of generator and consumer nodes. The net power consumption is determined by the difference between the gross consumption and the level of renewable generation. The gross consumption is drawn from a narrow distribution representing the predictability of aggregated loads, and we consider two different distributions representing wind and solar resources. Each generator is connected to D consumers, and redundancy is built in by connecting R of these consumers to other generators. The lines are switchable so that at any instance each consumer is connected to a single generator. We explore the capacity of the renewable generation by determining the level of "firm" generation capacity that can be displaced for different levels of redundancy R. We also develop message-passing control algorithm for finding switch settings where no generator is overloaded.

  10. Fencing direct memory access data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blocksome, Michael A; Mamidala, Amith R

    2014-02-11

    Fencing direct memory access (`DMA`) data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI including data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through DMA controllers operatively coupled to segments of shared random access memory through which the DMA controllers deliver data communications deterministically, including initiating execution through the PAMI of an ordered sequence of active DMA instructions for DMA data transfers between two endpoints, effecting deterministic DMA data transfers through a DMA controller and a segment of shared memory; and executing through the PAMI, with no FENCE accounting for DMA data transfers, an active FENCE instruction, the FENCE instruction completing execution only after completion of all DMA instructions initiated prior to execution of the FENCE instruction for DMA data transfers between the two endpoints.

  11. Fencing direct memory access data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blocksome, Michael A.; Mamidala, Amith R.

    2013-09-03

    Fencing direct memory access (`DMA`) data transfers in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer, the PAMI including data communications endpoints, each endpoint including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through DMA controllers operatively coupled to segments of shared random access memory through which the DMA controllers deliver data communications deterministically, including initiating execution through the PAMI of an ordered sequence of active DMA instructions for DMA data transfers between two endpoints, effecting deterministic DMA data transfers through a DMA controller and a segment of shared memory; and executing through the PAMI, with no FENCE accounting for DMA data transfers, an active FENCE instruction, the FENCE instruction completing execution only after completion of all DMA instructions initiated prior to execution of the FENCE instruction for DMA data transfers between the two endpoints.

  12. Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2013-11-12

    Data communications in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer composed of compute nodes that execute a parallel application, each compute node including application processors that execute the parallel application and at least one management processor dedicated to gathering information regarding data communications. The PAMI is composed of data communications endpoints, each endpoint composed of a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task, the compute nodes and the endpoints coupled for data communications through the PAMI and through data communications resources. Embodiments function by gathering call site statistics describing data communications resulting from execution of data communications instructions and identifying in dependence upon the call cite statistics a data communications algorithm for use in executing a data communications instruction at a call site in the parallel application.

  13. A grid-enabled MPI : message passing in heterogeneous distributed computing systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.; Karonis, N. T.

    2000-11-30

    Application development for high-performance distributed computing systems, or computational grids as they are sometimes called, requires grid-enabled tools that hide mundate aspects of the heterogeneous grid environment without compromising performance. As part of an investigation of these issues, they have developed MPICH-G, a grid-enabled implementation of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) that allows a user to run MPI programs across multiple computers at different sites using the same commands that would be used on a parallel computer. This library extends the Argonne MPICH implementation of MPI to use services provided by the globus grid toolkit. In this paper, they describe the MPICH-G implementation and present preliminary performance results.

  14. Development of a Standard Terminology to Support Medication Messages James J. Cimino, M.D., Columbia University, New York, NY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cimino, James J.

    , including: (1) a description of the various roles of medication terms in HL7 messages and plans, with the focus being on viable ways to make the standard a reality, including funding and logistical support for its maintenance and distribution. The goals of this panel are to: - inform the public

  15. Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R. Durbin, MD, MSCEb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Right Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R and young children regarding the safest way for them to ride in a car. Child fatalities and injuries and research provided by the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration, the car safety seat

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1998 1029 Critical Path Profiling of Message Passing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

    the critical path profile of the execution of message passing and shared-memory parallel programs. Our algorithm permits starting or stopping the critical path computation during program execution and reporting intermediate values. We also present an online algorithm to compute a variant of critical path, called critical

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 675 A Lightweight Message Authentication Scheme for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 2, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2011 675 A Lightweight Message Authentication Scheme for Smart Grid Communications Mostafa M. Fouda, Member, IEEE, Zubair Md. Fadlullah, Member Abstract--Smart grid (SG) communication has recently received significant attentions to facilitate

  18. Tips for writing well on the Web 1. Write in the inverted pyramid style. Present the most important messages first

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    Tips for writing well on the Web 1. Write in the inverted pyramid style. Present the most important messages first (including your conclusion) and put the rest of the information below. 2. Web content should audience 4. Use the Web to your benefit by layering information on more than one page. Use links to other

  19. Social Media: Weather-Ready Wednesday Please help the NWS spread these important safety messages on social media! Everyone is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Social Media: Weather-Ready Wednesday #WRW Please help the NWS spread these important safety build a WeatherReady Nation. WeatherReady Wednesday is a National Weather Service initiative to help spread weather safety messages each week. Each week you can pick a different topic to share. It can

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulholland, James A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Respiratory Emergency Department Visits Jennifer L. Peel pollution and respiratory outcomes. More refined assessment has been limited by study size and available air quality data. Methods: Measurements of 5 pollutants (particulate matter PM10 , ozone, nitrogen dioxide NO2

  1. The Origin of the Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Edward

    2012-11-20

    The world around us is made of atoms. Did you ever wonder where these atoms came from? How was the gold in our jewelry, the carbon in our bodies, and the iron in our cars made? In this lecture, we will trace the origin of a gold atom from the Big Bang to the present day, and beyond. You will learn how the elements were forged in the nuclear furnaces inside stars, and how, when they die, these massive stars spread the elements into space. You will learn about the origin of the building blocks of matter in the Big Bang, and we will speculate on the future of the atoms around us today.

  2. The Origin of the Elements

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Murphy, Edward

    2014-08-06

    The world around us is made of atoms. Did you ever wonder where these atoms came from? How was the gold in our jewelry, the carbon in our bodies, and the iron in our cars made? In this lecture, we will trace the origin of a gold atom from the Big Bang to the present day, and beyond. You will learn how the elements were forged in the nuclear furnaces inside stars, and how, when they die, these massive stars spread the elements into space. You will learn about the origin of the building blocks of matter in the Big Bang, and we will speculate on the future of the atoms around us today.

  3. Authorship Authentication Using Short Messages from Social Networking Sites Jenny S. Li, John V. Monaco, Li-Chiou Chen, and Charles C. Tappert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    be compromised. For example, hackers could spam users with false messages, or hack into users' accounts and post on business transactions, such as Computers and Humans Apart (CAPTCHA), to social networking environments

  4. Microsoft Lync 2010 for Android Microsoft LyncTM 2010 for Android brings presence, instant messaging (IM), and the voice capabilities of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yi

    Microsoft Lync 2010 for Android Microsoft® LyncTM 2010 for Android brings presence, instant messaging (IM), and the voice capabilities of Lync to your mobile device. With Lync for Android, you can choose from multiple ways

  5. The prenatal origin of behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooker, Davenport

    1952-01-01

    is the heart beat. The early activity of the heart in vertebrates has been demonstrated to be myogenic in nature in many forms, that is to say, the rhythmic con tractility of its musculature is a property inherent in the cardiac muscle cells themselves.... There are three types of movement exhibited by mus cles—myogenic, neurogenic, and reflexogenic. As already noted, myogenic activity originates within the muscle tis sue itself, without benefit of a nervous or other impulse. Actually the term "myogenic" is used...

  6. Penser Original Contract - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O StreamsParticipantsPartiesOriginal Contract DOE-RL

  7. The Origin of Cosmic Rays

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Blasi, Pasquale [INAF/Arcetri-Italy and Fermilab, Italy

    2010-01-08

    Cosmic Rays reach the Earth from space with energies of up to more than 1020 eV, carrying information on the most powerful particle accelerators that Nature has been able to assemble. Understanding where and how cosmic rays originate has required almost one century of investigations, and, although the last word is not written yet, recent observations and theory seem now to fit together to provide us with a global picture of the origin of cosmic rays of unprecedented clarity. Here we will describe what we learned from recent observations of astrophysical sources (such as supernova remnants and active galaxies) and we will illustrate what these observations tell us about the physics of particle acceleration and transport. We will also discuss the ?end? of the Galactic cosmic ray spectrum, which bridges out attention towards the so called ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). At ~1020 eV the gyration scale of cosmic rays in cosmic magnetic fields becomes large enough to allow us to point back to their sources, thereby allowing us to perform ?cosmic ray astronomy?, as confirmed by the recent results obtained with the Pierre Auger Observatory. We will discuss the implications of these observations for the understanding of UHECRs, as well as some questions which will likely remain unanswered and will be the target of the next generation of cosmic ray experiments.

  8. 5, 96419668, 2005 The origin of ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 5, 9641­9668, 2005 The origin of ozone V. Grewe Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions-5-9641 European Geosciences Union Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions The origin of ozone V. Grewe The origin of ozone V. Grewe Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures Back

  9. Origins Program Update Henry Throop, NASA HQ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Throop, Henry

    Origins Program Update Henry Throop, NASA HQ Program officer: Origins of Solar Systems (OSS Overview · Origins is one of NASA's core research & analysis (R&A) programs, focusing on... · # 1, 2, 3: NASA Planetary Science Division (Henry Throop), $6M/yr · # 4, 5: NASA Astrophysics Division (Mario

  10. Origin of Cosmic Chemical Abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maio, Umberto

    2015-01-01

    Cosmological N-body hydrodynamic computations following atomic and molecular chemistry (e$^-$, H, H$^+$, H$^-$, He, He$^+$, He$^{++}$, D, D$^+$, H$_2$, H$_2^+$, HD, HeH$^+$), gas cooling, star formation and production of heavy elements (C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe, etc.) from stars covering a range of mass and metallicity are used to explore the origin of several chemical abundance patterns and to study both the metal and molecular content during simulated galaxy assembly. The resulting trends show a remarkable similarity to up-to-date observations of the most metal-poor damped Lyman-$\\alpha$ absorbers at redshift $z\\gtrsim 2$. These exhibit a transient nature and represent collapsing gaseous structures captured while cooling is becoming effective in lowering the temperature below $\\sim 10^4\\,\\rm K$, before they are disrupted by episodes of star formation or tidal effects. Our theoretical results agree with the available data for typical elemental ratios, such as [C/O], [Si/Fe], [O/Fe], [Si/O], [Fe/H], [O/...

  11. Cadherin evolution and the origin of animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abedin, Monika

    2010-01-01

    of Opisthokonta and the evolution of multicellularity and2000). Origin and evolution of the colonial volvocales (King, N. , (2006). Early evolution of animal cell signaling

  12. The Origin of Indian Corn and its Relatives. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph); Reeves, R. G. (Robert Gatlin)

    1939-01-01

    Introduction; Botanical Relationships of Maize; Previous Evidence on the Origin of Maize; Previous Theories on the Origin of Maize; New Evidence from Cytogenetic Studies; The Origin of Teosinte; The Origin of Maize; The ...

  13. EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN //Original Base Plan//

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN //Original Base Plan// Draft Date: March 24, 2008 Review By: Emergency: Emergency Management Policy (original dated 02/06/08) Responsible Officer for Implementation: Director of Emergency Management Any person who requires assistance in understanding any aspect of this document should

  14. RAMP BLUE: A MESSAGE-PASSING MANYCORE SYSTEM IN FPGAS Alex Krasnov, Andrew Schultz, John Wawrzynek, Greg Gibeling, Pierre-Yves Droz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    RAMP BLUE: A MESSAGE-PASSING MANYCORE SYSTEM IN FPGAS Alex Krasnov, Andrew Schultz, John Wawrzynek of multi-core archi- tectures in FPGAs. RAMP Blue is the first of these pro- totypes and was designed of RAMP Blue and discuss our experiences and lessons learned. 1. INTRODUCTION Research Accelerator

  15. A wind origin for Titan's haze structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hourdin, Chez Frédéric

    .............................................................. A wind origin for Titan's haze feedback between the haze and the winds. Earth-based observations have long indicated the presence of CH43 succeeded in producing a strong super- rotation with prograde equatorial zonal winds of about 100

  16. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating Frequency of Mild Cognitive criteria. Objectives: To operationalize diagnostic criteria for MCI and examine the frequency of MCI in ethnically and lin- guistically diverse elders (individuals older than 65 years). Design: Prospective

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Controls of Suspended Sediment Concentration,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Controls of Suspended Sediment Concentration, Nutrient Content, and Transport 2009 Abstract Redistribution of largely organic sediment from low elevation sloughs to higher elevation by measuring the concentration and character- istics of suspended sediment and its associated nutrients

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Offer Shai Efim Mohr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Offer Shai Æ Efim Mohr Transforming engineering knowledge through graph introduces an approach for trans- forming methods and knowledge between different engineering fields through ways of conducting engineering research by enabling a systematic derivation of engineering knowledge

  19. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the CuprateNature and Origin

  20. Argonne Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine Bearing Failures Argonne Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine Bearing Failures September 12, 2014 - 11:34am...

  1. Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future instrumentation (or knowledge of instrumentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Origins of weak lensing...

  2. Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering Open...

  3. You can lead a horse to water... Are clinical students getting the message about the library and information skills support that is available?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Isla; Edwards-Waller, E

    2009-01-01

    You can lead a horse to water… Are clinical students getting the message about the library and information skills support that is available? Isla Kuhn* & Lizz Edwards-Waller** * Reader Services Librarian, Cambridge University Library Medical... lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink" might still be relevant. Communication with Students Prior to arriving in Cambridge Isla started her professional life in the Cairns Library, as was, in Oxford’s John Radcliffe Hospital before...

  4. Original article PROFESS: a PROtein Function, Evolution,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Original article PROFESS: a PROtein Function, Evolution, Structure and Sequence database Thomas introduce the PROFESS (PROtein Function, Evolution, Structure and Sequence) database. Our database the creation of the database. The utility of PROFESS is demonstrated by the analysis of the structural drift

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Hexahedral mesh generation constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Hexahedral mesh generation constraints Jason F. Shepherd Æ Chris R. Johnson element counts, and improved reliability. However, hexahedral finite element mesh generation continues to be difficult to perform and automate, with hexahedral mesh generation taking several orders of magnitude longer

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nonlinear dielectric optomechanical metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nonlinear dielectric optomechanical metamaterials Jianfa Zhang1 , Kevin F MacDonald1 and Nikolay I Zheludev1,2 We introduce a dielectric photonic metamaterial presenting a giant Keywords: Metamaterial; optical bistability; optomechanical INTRODUCTION Optical forces are extremely

  7. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes by African Ancestry at HLA. Oksenberg, PhD Background: In those with multiple sclerosis (MS), Afri- can American individuals have a more ancestry at HLA correlated with dis- ability as measured by the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (P .001

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Carbon and nitrogen fixation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capone, Douglas G.

    capable of fixing both dinitrogen (N2) and carbon dioxide (CO2), deriving energy from oxygenicORIGINAL ARTICLE Carbon and nitrogen fixation and metabolite exchange in and between individual and was evenly allocated among vegetative cells, with the exception of the most remote vegetative cells between

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Microbial degradation of 7-ketocholesterol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Microbial degradation of 7-ketocholesterol Jacques Mathieu Æ John Schloendorn Æ of matrices to avoid adverse biological effects, its microbial degradation has not been previously addressed, utilized 7KC as a sole carbon and energy source, resulting in its mineralization. Nocardia nova, which

  10. Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics database for Neisseria meningitidis Lee S, septicemia and in some cases pneumonia. Genomic studies hold great promise for N. meningitidis research genomics database and genome browser that houses and displays publicly available N. meningitidis genomes

  11. Original article Blue-stain fungi associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Blue-stain fungi associated with Tomicus piniperda in Sweden and preliminary to determine the development of blue-staining of sapwood. Fungi were isolated from samples of inner bark and blue-stained sapwood in connection with galleries of T piniperda. Samples were also taken from beetle

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alternative pathways for phosphonate metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alternative pathways for phosphonate metabolism in thermophilic cyanobacteria from. are suggestive of niche-specific constraints in the evolution of nutrient assimilation pathways and syntrophic terrestrial environments. The ISME Journal advance online publication, 15 July 2010; doi:10.1038/ismej.2010

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality A Comparison of the Six Cities and AmericanDermott,* and Francesca Dominici* Background: The American Cancer Society study and the Harvard Six Cities study are 2 landmark cohort studies for estimating the chronic effects of fine particulate air pollution (PM2

  14. SALARY REDUCTION AGREEMENT ______ Original Agreement ______ Amended Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    SALARY REDUCTION AGREEMENT ______ Original Agreement ______ Amended Agreement By this agreement that it will not apply to salary subsequently earned by giving at least thirty days written notice of the date(ies), by completing an amended Salary Reduction Agreement. The total of the salary reduction

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Vocal alliances in Chacma baboons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyfarth, Robert

    ORIGINAL PAPER Vocal alliances in Chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) Roman M. Wittig support systems to maintain their family's rank. Female Old World monkeys, however, form alliances against alliances'. We describe a playback experiment testing the efficacy of vocal alliances in free- ranging

  16. Origin of the Core Francis Nimmo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nimmo, Francis

    system, including the Earth, are composed primarily of iron and silicates. Due to its high density. Simple models of solar system formation suggest that 2 #12;elements with relatively low condensationOrigin of the Core Francis Nimmo Dept. Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz F

  17. Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  18. Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  19. BIODIVERSITY Origin matters: alien consumers inflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricciardi, Anthony

    BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Origin matters: alien consumers inflict greater damage on prey populations, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. E-mail: hughm@uwindsor.ca ABSTRACT Aim Introduced alien regard to whether such species are native or alien. This argument rests on the premise that native

  20. Original Articles The Nested Structure of Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    for the design of systems that assist in symptom assessment and man- agement.The main limitation of the studyOriginal Articles The Nested Structure of Cancer Symptoms Implications for Analyzing Co; 2Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3Electrical Engineering

  1. Nucleomorph genomes: structure, function, origin and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, John

    Nucleomorph genomes: structure, function, origin and evolution John M. Archibald Summary and four genomes--two nuclear genomes, an endosymbiont- derived plastid genome and a mitochondrial genome derived from the host cell. Like mitochondrial and plastid genomes, the genome of the endosymbiont nucleus

  2. BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 03 July 2014 doi: 10-Chun Su1 , Zhiwei Xie2 ,Yi Zhang1 , KytaiTruong Nguyen1 * and JianYang2 * 1 Department of Bioengineering of Bioengineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, 76019 TX, USA e-mail: knguyen@uta.edu; Jian Yang

  3. The Origin of Life from Primordial Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Carl H; Wickramasinghe, N C

    2010-01-01

    The origin of life and the origin of the universe represent two of the most important problems of science. Both are resolved by hydro-gravitational dynamics (HGD) cosmology (Gibson 1996, Schild 1996, Gibson 2009ab), which predicts frozen primordial hydrogen-helium gas planets in clumps as the dark matter of galaxies. Merging Earth-mass planets formed stars, moons and comets to incubate and cosmically seed the first life. Cometary panspermia (Hoyle and Wickramasinghe 1981, 1982; Wickramasinghe et al. 2009) occurs naturally by HGD mechanisms. Comets and moons are fragments from mergers of stardust covered frozen gas planets in their step-wise growth to star mass. Supernovae from stellar over-accretion of planets produce stardust (C, N, O, P etc.) chemical fertilizer. Planets collect this infected radioactive dust gravitationally, to provide liquid water domains in contact with life nutrients seeded with life prototypes. The first mutating, evolving, life from HGD likely occurred promptly, following the plasma t...

  4. Thermodynamic Origin of the Cardassian Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao-Jun Feng; Xin-Zhou Li; Xian-Yong Shen

    2011-01-31

    In the Cadassian universe, one can explain the acceleration of the universe without introducing dark energy component. However, the dynamical equations of this model can not be directly obtained from the action principle. Recently, works on the relation between thermodynamics and gravity indicates that gravity force may not be the fundamental force. In this paper, we study the thermodynamics of the Cardassian universe, and regard it as the origin of this cosmological model. We find that the corresponding entropy obeys ordinary area law when the area of the trapping horizon is small, while it becomes a constant when area is going to be large in the original and modified polytropic Cardassian model, and it has a maximum value in the exponential one. It seems that the Cardassian universe only contains finite information according to the holographic principle, which states that all the information in the bulk should be encoded in the boundary of the bulk.

  5. Origin and Evolution of the Chukchi Borderland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrigoni, Veronica

    2010-01-14

    , near Taimyr and Verkhoyansk, east of the Polar Urals of Russia. The striking differences between Triassic sedimentation in Arctic Alaska and Chukotka, supports the idea that these two areas experienced completely distinct rifting events. Miller et al... from an area close to the Barents Shelf as a result of extensive continental rifting. This model, which does not preclude a rotational opening for the southern Canada Basin, instead invokes an origin of the Chukotka region closer to Russia...

  6. Lithium-Beryllium-Boron : Origin and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam; Michel Casse; Jean Audouze

    1999-07-13

    The origin and evolution of Lithium-Beryllium-Boron is a crossing point between different astrophysical fields : optical and gamma spectroscopy, non thermal nucleosynthesis, Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis and finally galactic evolution. We describe the production and the evolution of Lithium-Beryllium-Boron from Big Bang up to now through the interaction of the Standard Galactic Cosmic Rays with the interstellar medium, supernova neutrino spallation and a low energy component related to supernova explosions in galactic superbubbles.

  7. President's Message August 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Ingrid T

    2009-01-01

    relationship with CAL/ACEP, even having one of our continuedas a CAL/AAEM liaison to CAL/ACEP and attend their boardsponsorship of WestJEM with CAL/ACEP, a landmark example of

  8. President's Message February 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabaeff, Steven C

    2007-01-01

    this year our relationship to Cal/ACEP has improved greatly.My thanks to Myles Riner, president of Cal/ACEP. Wewere able to participate in Cal/ACEP legislative activities

  9. President's Message May 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    a lot! We partnered with CAL-ACEP in a landmark agreement toand the recent addition of CAL-ACEP, WestJEM has thrived andbetween CAL-AAEM and CAL-ACEP serves as an example of how

  10. President’s Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    registration discount to CAL/ ACEP’s Scientific Assembly.in Sacramento, led by CAL/ACEP. Probably CAL/AAEM’s most

  11. ----------Message ----------From: HSPD-12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    and Department of Energy (DOE) orders, all DOE and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Federal and contractor employees, and other government agency personnel detailed to the DOE, regardless of their security clearance status, will be participating in the switch to the new HSPD-12 badge system. The DOE HSPD-12

  12. A Message from Dave............................................

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And StatisticsProgram Manager DirectoryofDOE CONNECTED LIGHTINGEnergyReporting |A Look

  13. A Message from Dave............................................

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks25 AMO PeerServices6ProgramA Little Shade

  14. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap Print

  15. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

  16. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate PseudogapNature

  17. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate

  18. Origin and evolution of the light nuclides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikos Prantzos

    2007-02-02

    After a short historical (and highly subjective) introduction to the field, I discuss our current understanding of the origin and evolution of the light nuclides D, He-3, He-4, Li-6, Li-7, Be-9, B-10 and B-11. Despite considerable observational and theoretical progress, important uncertainties still persist for each and every one of those nuclides. The present-day abundance of D in the local interstellar medium is currently uncertain, making it difficult to infer the recent chemical evolution of the solar neighborhood. To account for the observed quasi-constancy of He-3 abundance from the Big Bang to our days, the stellar production of that nuclide must be negligible; however, the scarce observations of its abundance in planetary nebulae seem to contradict this idea. The observed Be and B evolution as primaries suggests that the source composition of cosmic rays has remained quasi-constant since the early days of the Galaxy, a suggestion with far reaching implications for the origin of cosmic rays; however, the main idea proposed to account for that constancy, namely that superbubbles are at the source of cosmic rays, encounters some serious difficulties. The best explanation for the mismatch between primordial Li and the observed "Spite-plateau" in halo stars appears to be depletion of Li in stellar envelopes, by some yet poorly understood mechanism. But this explanation impacts on the level of the recently discovered early ``Li-6 plateau'', which (if confirmed), seriously challenges current ideas of cosmic ray nucleosynthesis.

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, Jeffrey M.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500 Parent-of-origin growth effects and the evolution of hybrid. Considerable progress has been made on understanding the evo- lution of genetic interactions that lead

  20. Chromatin regulates origin activity in Drosophila follicle cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvi, Brian R.

    origins are hyper- acetylated, coincident with binding of the origin recognition complex (ORC). Mutation and a redistribution of the origin-binding protein ORC2 in amplification-stage cells, independent of effects to ORC in vitro and in vivo10 (Fig. 1a). These sequences can direct amplification when inserted

  1. A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN BY R. R. RUCKER, W. J. WHIPPLE, J. R A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN By R. R. Rucker, W. J. Whipple, J. R. Parvin and C. A #12;A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON, POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN By R. R. Rucker,! Fishery Research

  2. Emission Origin for the Wave of Quanta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjay M Wagh

    2009-07-07

    We argue that certain assumptions about the process of the emission of the quanta by their (oscillating) emitter provide for their changing (oscillatory) flux at any location. This mechanism underlying (such) wave phenomena is not based, both, on the newtonian notion of force and the field concept (of Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz and Einstein). When applied to the case of thermal radiation, this emission origin for the wave of quanta is shown here to be consistent with the laws of the black body radiation. We conclude therefore also that a conceptual framework, which is not rooted in the notion of force and in the field concept, may provide a deterministic basis underlying the probabilistic methods of the quantum theory.

  3. ORIGIN OF LITHIUM ENRICHMENT IN K GIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Yerra Bharat; Reddy, Bacham E. [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru 560034 (India); Lambert, David L. [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2011-03-20

    In this Letter, we report on a low-resolution spectroscopic survey for Li-rich K giants among 2000 low-mass (M {<=} 3 M{sub sun}) giants spanning the luminosity range from below to above the luminosity of the clump. Fifteen new Li-rich giants including four super Li-rich K giants (log {epsilon}(Li) {>=}3.2) were discovered. A significant finding is that there is a concentration of Li-rich K giants at the luminosity of the clump or red horizontal branch. This new finding is partly a consequence of the fact that our low-resolution survey is the first large survey to include giants well below and above the red giant branch (RGB) bump and clump locations in the H-R diagram. Origin of the lithium enrichment may be plausibly attributed to the conversion of {sup 3}He via {sup 7}Be to {sup 7}Li by the Cameron-Fowler mechanism but the location for the onset of the conversion is uncertain. Two possible opportunities to effect this conversion are discussed: the bump in the first ascent of the RGB and the He-core flash at the tip of the RGB. The finite luminosity spread of the Li-rich giants serves to reject the idea that Li enhancement is, in general, a consequence of a giant swallowing a large planet.

  4. Tectonic origin of Crowley's Ridge, northeastern Arkansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VanArsdale, R.B. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States). Geology Dept.); Williams, R.A.; Shedlock, K.M.; King, K.W.; Odum, J.K. (Geological survey, Denver, CO (United States). Denver Federal Center); Schweig, E.S. III; Kanter, L.R. (Memphis State Univ., TN (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Crowley's Ridge is a 320 km long topographic ridge that extends from Thebes, Illinois to Helena, Arkansas. The ridge has been interpreted as an erosional remnant formed during Quaternary incision of the ancestral Mississippi and Ohio rivers; however, the Reelfoot Rift COCORP line identified a down-to-the-west fault bounding the western margin of Crowley's Ridge south of Jonesboro, Arkansas. Subsequent Mini-Sosie seismic reflection profiles confirmed the COCORP data and identified additional faults beneath other margins of the ridge. In each case the faults lie beneath the base of the ridge scarp. The Mini-Sosie data did not resolve the uppermost 150 m and so it was not possible to determine if the faults displace the near-surface Claiborne Group (middle Eocene). A shotgun source seismic reflection survey was subsequently conducted to image the uppermost 250 m across the faulted margins. The shotgun survey across the western margin of the ridge south of Jonesboro reveals displaced reflectors as shallow as 30 m depth. Claiborne Group strata are displaced approximately 6 m and it appears that some of the topographic relief of Crowley's Ridge at this location is due to post middle Eocene fault displacement. Based on the reflection data, the authors suggest that Crowley's Ridge is tectonic in origin.

  5. The Origin of Molecular Cloud Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padoan, Paolo; Haugboelle, Troels; Nordlund, Ake

    2015-01-01

    Turbulence is ubiquitous in molecular clouds (MCs), but its origin is still unclear because MCs are usually assumed to live longer than the turbulence dissipation time. It has been shown that interstellar medium (ISM) turbulence is likely driven by SN explosions, but it has never been demonstrated that SN explosions can establish and maintain a turbulent cascade inside MCs consistent with the observations. In this work, we carry out a simulation of SN-driven turbulence in a volume of (250 pc)^3, specifically designed to test if SN driving alone can be responsible for the observed turbulence inside MCs. We find that SN driving establishes velocity scaling consistent with the usual scaling laws of supersonic turbulence. This also means that previous idealized simulations of MC turbulence, driven with a random, large-scale volume force, were correctly adopted as appropriate models for MC turbulence, despite the artificial driving. We also find the same scaling laws extend to the interior of MCs, and their normal...

  6. Endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Cernohous, Bob R; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-11-18

    Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer are provided. Embodiments include establishing by a parallel application a data communications geometry, the geometry specifying a set of endpoints that are used in collective operations of the PAMI, including associating with the geometry a list of collective algorithms valid for use with the endpoints of the geometry. Embodiments also include registering in each endpoint in the geometry a dispatch callback function for a collective operation and executing without blocking, through a single one of the endpoints in the geometry, an instruction for the collective operation.

  7. The Institutional Origins of the Department of Energy | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PDF icon Origins-of-the-Department-of-Energy.pdf More Documents & Publications National Offshore Wind Energy Grid Interconnection Study (NOWEGIS) CX-007131: Categorical Exclusion...

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Potential for anthropogenic disturbances to influence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchings, Jeffrey A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Potential for anthropogenic disturbances to influence evolutionary change that resulted from hydropower dam construction, some juveniles now migrate as yearlings, but more interestingly

  9. Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future instrumentation (or knowledge of instrumentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nathan Phillips Abhijit Nagchaudhuri Ram Oren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nathan Phillips Abhijit Nagchaudhuri Ram Oren Gabriel Katul Received: 11 September. Oren Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA Trees (1997

  11. Triassic origin and early radiation of multicellular volvocine algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triassic origin and early radiation of multicellular volvocine algae Matthew D. Herron1 , Jeremiah-studied ETIs is the origin of multicellularity in the green alga Volvox, a model system for the evolution occurred dozens of times independently, for example in the red algae, brown algae, land plants, animals

  12. Astrofisica e particelle elementari Origine dei gamma cosmici

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    ;ORIGINE DEI GAMMA COSMICI Le sorgenti dei gamma cosmici non possono essere di origine termica in quanto emessi da elettroni relativistici nel campo coulombiano di particelle cariche. L'energia persa dagli inverso. Un elettrone relativistico può trasferire una parte considerevole della sua energia a fotoni di

  13. Redefining Web Browser Principals with a Configurable Origin Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yan

    Abstract--With the advent of Web 2.0, web developers have designed multiple additions to break SOP boundary is protected from other origins in terms of resource access and usage. With the advent of Web 2.0, modern webRedefining Web Browser Principals with a Configurable Origin Policy Yinzhi Cao, Vaibhav Rastogi

  14. ORIGIN: metal creation and evolution from the cosmic dawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali

    ORIGIN is a proposal for the M3 mission call of ESA aimed at the study of metal creation from the epoch of cosmic dawn. Using high-spectral resolution in the soft X-ray band, ORIGIN will be able to identify the physical ...

  15. Non-uniqueness problem in estimating original gas in place 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Ahmady, Mohamed Hamed

    2000-01-01

    This thesis demonstrates the problem of non-uniqueness in estimating Original Gas in Place of gas reservoirs using the material balance technique. The presence of this non-uniqueness problem can cause an overestimation of the Original Gas in Place...

  16. BOTANICAL BRIEFING Streptophyte algae and the origin of embryophytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOTANICAL BRIEFING Streptophyte algae and the origin of embryophytes Burkhard Becker* and Birger March 2009 Background Land plants (embryophytes) evolved from streptophyte green algae, a small group of freshwater algae ranging from scaly, unicellular flagellates (Mesostigma) to complex, filamentous thalli

  17. Physical Origins of Thermal Properties of Cement Paste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdolhosseini Qomi, Mohammad

    Despite the ever-increasing interest in multiscale porous materials, the chemophysical origin of their thermal properties at the nanoscale and its connection to the macroscale properties still remain rather obscure. In ...

  18. Original article Biomass, litterfall and nutrient content in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Biomass, litterfall and nutrient content in Castanea sativa coppice stands November 1995) Summary - Aboveground biomass and nutrient content, litterfall and nutrient return) and Catania (Italy). Best regression equations for the aboveground biomass were obtained by applying the allo

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Costly plastic morphological responses to predator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    ORIGINAL PAPER Costly plastic morphological responses to predator specific odour cues in three fixed anti-predator morphologies are favoured when predation level is consistently high, plastic plasticity. However, little is known about sticklebacks' plastic ability to react morpho- logically

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Social dominance, seasonal movements, and spatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Social dominance, seasonal movements, and spatial segregation in African elephants system radio telemetry provide data to evaluate the influence of social relationships on population elephant social groups despite the infrequent occur- rence of contests over resources and lack

  1. The Origins of English Individualism and Earls Colne, Essex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-11-21

    A visit to Earls Colne in Essex, England, in August 2006. Discussions of the origins of English individualism and the reconstruction of the history of an English village. Also wider reflections on China, Japan, feudalism, capitalism, peasantry...

  2. Original articles The Stanford Digital Library metadata architecturec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravano, Luis

    Original articles The Stanford Digital Library metadata architecturec Michelle Baldonado, Chen / Accepted: 14 January 1997 Abstract. The overall goal of the Stanford Digital Library project is to provide an infrastructure that aords interoperability among heterogeneous, autono- mous digital library services

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Wet hibernacula promote inoculative freezing and limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee Jr., Richard E.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Wet hibernacula promote inoculative freezing and limit the potential Peninsula. Although overwintering larvae have the physiological potential to survive by freezing or cryopro- tective dehydration, use of the latter strategy may be con- strained by inoculative freezing within

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Locomotor Rehabilitation of Individuals With Chronic Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Locomotor Rehabilitation of Individuals With Chronic Stroke: Difference Between locomotor rehabilitation in individuals poststroke and how those who respond with clinically meaningful. Setting: Outpatient interdisciplinary rehabilitation research center. Participants: Hemiparetic subjects

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Acupuncture for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation in Chronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaechter, Judith D.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Acupuncture for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation in Chronic Stroke: A Randomized. Acupuncture for upper- extremity rehabilitation in chronic stroke: a randomized sham- controlled study. Arch acci- dent; Hemiparesis; Muscle spasticity; Range of motion, artic- ular; Rehabilitation. © 2005

  6. Observability of Origin-Destination matrices for Dynamic Traffic Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ashish, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    The estimation of dynamic Origin-Destination (O-D) matrices from aggregated sensor counts is one of the most important and well-researched problems in Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) systems. In practice, more often than ...

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    ORIGINAL PAPER Functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties and leaf functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties and leaf functional traits among nine miombo woodlands canopy the question: are branch hydraulic properties coordinated with leaf functional traits linked to plant drought

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Comparison of changes in cellulose ultrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    ORIGINAL PAPER Comparison of changes in cellulose ultrastructure during different pretreatments commonly cited factor that con- tributes to the recalcitrance of biomass is cellulose crystallinity crystallinity, crystalline allomorph distribu- tion, and cellulose ultrastructure. The observed changes

  9. Biomechanical Perspective on the Origin of Cetacean Flukes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    / CHAPTER 10 Biomechanical Perspective on the Origin of Cetacean Flukes FRANK E.FISH 1 with the varied morphological designs exhibited by whales. A biomechanical analysis of extant species is required

  10. Possible Bose-condensate Behavior in a Quantum Phase Originating...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Possible Bose-condensate Behavior in a Quantum Phase Originating in a Collective Excitation in the Chemically and Optically Doped Mott-Hubbard System UO2+x Citation Details...

  11. Original Valid Refugee Visa Complete Fees Quotation Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Original Valid Refugee Visa Complete Fees Quotation Form Form to be completed by student (personal information) Faculty Staff Member to complete (Course Codes and Type of Registration i.e. Refugee). Form

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12444

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhindsa, Rajinder

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12444 COMPARATIVE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSES OF ULTRABITHORAX REVEAL habitats may often require the evo- lution of novel morphologies to meet the challenges and exploit

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodie III, Edmund D.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12100 CONVERGENT EVOLUTION OF SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN SKULL SHAPE of morphological diversity among Anolis lizards. KEY WORDS: Allometry, Anolis, craniofacial, evo-devo, face length

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466 A BIOLOGICAL MARKET ANALYSIS OF THE PLANT. Mutualistic cooperation between species poses a problem for evo- lutionary theory (Sachs et al. 2004; Foster

  15. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Chung-Horng Lung Joseph E. Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Chung-Horng

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Chung-Horng Lung Æ Joseph E. Urban Gerald T. Mackulak Analogy-based domain problem that shares significant aspects with the past problem and C.-H. Lung (&) Department of Systems

  16. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Biologically Active Blood Plasma-Based Biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Lee E.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Biologically Active Blood Plasma-Based Biomaterials as a New Paradigm developed solid, bioactive plasma-based biomaterials (PBMs) that may address these issues. Unlike platelet: biology; biomaterial; engineering; growth factors; medicine; platelet-rich plasma Introduction

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Ranji Singh Robin Beriault Jeffrey Middaugh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appanna, Vasu

    ORIGINAL PAPER Ranji Singh Æ Robin Beriault Æ Jeffrey Middaugh Robert Hamel Æ Daniel Chenier Æ Vasu to its ability to increase the labile iron pool in Communicated by K. Horikoshi R. Singh Æ R. Beriault Æ

  18. Original article AFLP analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Ruiting

    Original article AFLP analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates of phage types fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) was applied to 35 and 34 isolates, respectively, of Salmonella enterica scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. Keywords: Salmonella typhimurium; Classification

  19. The Constitutional Origins of the President's Foreign Affairs Power 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thoma, Oliver

    2011-08-08

    to unlock the original understanding of the Constitution to the “citizens, polemicists, and convention delegates who participated in one way or another in ratification.” Recent scholarship in the nature of the executive’s foreign affair power has suffered...

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utilization of diets containing graded levels of ethanol production co to manufacture fuel ethanol (Rosentrater and Muthukumarappan, 2006). In 2008, 174 operating ethanol plants.1 billion liters (RFA, 2009). With this exponential growth in ethanol production, significant quantities

  1. Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins of Modern Citizenship (review)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Wendy J.

    2001-01-01

    REVIEWS Keechang Kim, Aliens in Medieval Law: The Origins ofhis thought-provoking work Aliens in Medieval Law, Keechangmedieval world to citizen and alien at the beginning of the

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Fire frequency and tree canopy structure influence plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    composition (Huston 1994). Ecological theory predicts important linkages between disturbance frequency frequencies and severities that minimize species losses due to competitive exclusion and direct disturbanceORIGINAL PAPER Fire frequency and tree canopy structure influence plant species diversity

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Infertility Combined mRNA microarray

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Infertility Combined mRNA microarray and proteomic analysis of eutopic endometrium-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis has the potential to allow early treatment and minimize disease pro- gression

  4. On the origin and spread of horse domestication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warmuth, Vera

    2012-04-10

    BP, and the Central Zagros Mountains between 9900 and 9500 cal BP (Zeder & Hesse 2000). Further support for a domestication origin of goats in Eastern Anatolia comes from the high prevalence of a certain mtDNA haplogroup (haplogroup A) in wild... domestication in the Central Zagros Mountains, Naderi et al. (2008) found a genetic signal of a population expansion in bezoar of the C haplogroup, which likely originated in the region comprising the Southern Zagros Mountains and the Central Iranian Plateau...

  5. Origin and diversification of a metabolic cycle in oligomer world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomoaki Nishio; Osamu Narikiyo

    2012-09-20

    Based on the oligomer-world hypothesis we propose an abstract model where the molecular recognition among oligomers is described in the shape space. The origin of life in the oligomer world is regarded as the establishment of a metabolic cycle in a primitive cell. The cycle is sustained by the molecular recognition. If an original cell acquires the ability of the replication of oligomers, the relationship among oligomers changes due to the poor fidelity of the replication. This change leads to the diversification of metabolic cycles. The selection among diverse cycles is the basis of the evolution. The evolvability is one of the essential characters of life. We demonstrate the origin and diversification of the metabolic cycle by the computer simulation of our model. Such a simulation is expected to be the simplified demonstration of what actually occurred in the primordial soup. Our model describes an analog era preceding the digital era based on the genetic code.

  6. HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN OF THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND THEIR DISCOVERIES...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference: HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN OF THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND THEIR DISCOVERIES. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: HISTORY OF THE ORIGIN OF THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND...

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phagotrophy by the picoeukaryotic green alga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phagotrophy by the picoeukaryotic green alga Micromonas: implications for Arctic, is well established for most photosynthetic lineages. However, green algae, including prasinophytes, were of Micromonas suggest that these green algae may have significant impact on prokaryote populations in several

  8. Original article Biomass of root and shoot systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Biomass of root and shoot systems of Quercus coccifera shrublands in Eastern Spain biomass of kermes oak shrublands (Quercus coccifera L.), an evergreen sclerophyllous species common- mass has been measured on 320 1-m2 plots. Total biomass varies with age and ranges between 0.4 (7

  9. Original article Root biomass and biomass increment in a beech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Root biomass and biomass increment in a beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stand in North ­ This study is part of a larger project aimed at quantifying the biomass and biomass increment been developed to estimate the biomass and biomass increment of coarse, small and fine roots of trees

  10. Original article Biomass and nutrient cycling of a highly productive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Biomass and nutrient cycling of a highly productive Corsican pine stand on former 14 April; accepted 22 September 1997) Abstract - Biomass and nutrient cycling were examined in a 62 on a coarse and dry sandy soil with low exchangeable nutrient pools. Total aboveground biomass was estimated

  11. Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) Science Operations Requirements Document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) Science Operations Requirements Document (OP-01) Date: March 17, 2004 Document Number: COS-01-0001 Revision: Initial Release Contract No.: NAS5-98043 CDRL No.: OP-01 Prepared By: J. Morse, COS Project Scientist, CU/CASA Date Reviewed By: E. Wilkinson, COS Instrument

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ecosystem services and hydroelectricity in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ecosystem services and hydroelectricity in Central America: modelling service services provided to the Costa Rican and Nicaraguan hydroelectric sectors, which are crucial sectors for the conservation and restoration of forests for the services they provide to the hydroelectric sector. As such

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phylogenetic stratigraphy in the Guerrero Negro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phylogenetic stratigraphy in the Guerrero Negro hypersaline microbial mat J Kirk of the GN mat based on only B1500 small subunit rRNA gene sequences discovered several new phylum determined an additional B119 000 nearly full-length sequences and 28 000 4200 nucleotide 454 reads from a 10

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Interactive visual supports for children with autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Gillian R.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Interactive visual supports for children with autism Gillian R. Hayes · Sen Hirano access at Springerlink.com Abstract Interventions to support children with autism often include the use visual supports are effective in helping to diminish many of the challenges of autism, they are difficult

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Practice Makes Improvement: How Adults with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    ORIGINAL PAPER Practice Makes Improvement: How Adults with Autism Out-Perform Others Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often of adult individuals with ASD. Keywords Autism Á Visual search Á Luggage screening Introduction Autism

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Autism and urinary exogenous neuropeptides: development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Autism and urinary exogenous neuropeptides: development of an on-line SPE / Published online: 23 May 2007 # Springer-Verlag 2007 Abstract Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disor- der with unknown etiology. One hypothesis regarding etiology in autism is the "opioid peptide excess

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE A Mathematical Model of the Pancreatic Duct Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ermentrout, G. Bard

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE A Mathematical Model of the Pancreatic Duct Cell Generating High Bicarbonate a simple, physiologically based mathemati- cal model of pancreatic duct cell secretion using experimentally CFTR activation. Methods: A new mathematical model was developed simulating a duct cell within

  18. Original article Irrigation, faecal water content and development rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Irrigation, faecal water content and development rate of free-living stages- ent faecal water contents (FWC) simulating a submersion (7 or 16 h) or an alternance of spraying, T vitrinus in summer, but higher rates were observed in autumn. The action of water had more effect

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Coupled fireatmosphere modeling of wildland fire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    ORIGINAL PAPER Coupled fire­atmosphere modeling of wildland fire spread using DEVS-FIRE and ARPS US Government 2015 Abstract This article introduces a new wildland fire spread prediction system consisting of the raster-based Discrete Event System Specification Fire model (DEVS-FIRE) and the Advanced

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Current and Future Applications of 3-D Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Jamesina J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Current and Future Applications of 3-D Global Earth-Ionosphere Models Based the world. Earth-iono- sphere models employing FDTD pose significant advantages over any other current-ionosphere system modeling is not so much in the computational technique itself, or in the availability of massively

  1. Original article Hydrocarbons and monoesters of propolis waxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Hydrocarbons and monoesters of propolis waxes from Brazil Giuseppina Negri* Maria; accepted 20 April 1998) Abstract - Waxes of 23 samples of propolis of Apis mellifera mostly from Brazil of propolis wax is similar to that of comb wax, which suggests that propolis waxes are probably secreted

  2. Original article Ultrastructure of the wax gland complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Ultrastructure of the wax gland complex and secretion of beeswax in the worker; accepted 22 September 1994) Summary — The wax gland complex of the honey bee worker consists of 3 cell types, epithelial cells, oenocytes and adipocytes, which act synergistically to secrete wax

  3. Original article Residues in wax and honey after Apilife VAR®

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Residues in wax and honey after Apilife VAR® treatment Stefan Bogdanov Anton and foundation were exposed to the air during storage. © Inra/DIB/AGIB/Elsevier, Paris honey / wax / residue to accumulation of these substances in beeswax and less so in honey [1, 17]. The accumulation in wax depends

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Vibration detection and discrimination in the masked birch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yack, Jayne E.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Vibration detection and discrimination in the masked birch caterpillar (Drepana-Verlag 2012 Abstract Leaf-borne vibrations are potentially important to caterpillars for communication they detect and discriminate between vibrations from relevant and non-relevant sources. We measured

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Hydraulic properties and embolism in small-diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Hydraulic properties and embolism in small-diameter roots of five temperate broad & Context It has been estimated that about half of a plant's total hydraulic resistance is located belowground, but it is not well known how temperate tree species differ in root hydraulic properties and how

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Comparison of manure compost and mineral fertilizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Comparison of manure compost and mineral fertilizer for hybrid poplar plantation and methods Composted sheep manure (10 and 20 kg/tree) at planting was compared to N and P mineral Contrary to what we expected, compost treatments neither increased root development nor tree water status

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Composting is an effective treatment option for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Composting is an effective treatment option for sanitization of Phytophthora of California, Berkeley, CA, USA 2 Sonoma Compost, Sonoma, CA, USA 3 McEvoy Ranch, Marin, CA, USA Introduction.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03008.x Abstract Aims: To determine the effects of heat and composting treatments

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Conservatism and novelty in the genetic architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joron, Mathieu

    OPEN ORIGINAL ARTICLE Conservatism and novelty in the genetic architecture of adaptation Gilles1,3, T Wirth1,2, WO McMillan3 and M Joron1,3 Understanding the genetic architecture of adaptive the genetic architecture of ecologically important traits influences their diversification has been hampered

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition Julian Togelius Æ Simon Lucas Æ+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract This paper describes the simulated car racing competition that was arranged organized a simulated car racing competition. The competition was to be won by submitting a controller

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Identification and functional characterization of the distinct plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Markus

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Identification and functional characterization of the distinct plant pectin their physical properties such as gelling capacity, an important trait for the food industry. In order to gain to investigate the function of genes that are members of the Pectin AcetylEsterase gene family (PAE

  11. On Alan Turing and the Origins of Digital Computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    1 On Alan Turing and the Origins of Digital Computers B. Randell Computing Laboratory University of Newcastle upon Tyne Abstract This paper documents an investigation into the role that the late Alan Turing by the late Alan Turing. I knew that he was credited with much of the design of the ACE computer

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Testing problem solving in turkey vultures (Cathartes aura)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Testing problem solving in turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) using the string solving in turkey vultures (Cathartes aura), six captive vultures were presented with a string it under foot, and reach down to pull up another length. As scavengers, turkey vultures use their beak

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) association to roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) association to roads: implications for distance roads. Our objective was to determine if and when Rio Grande wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo intermedia . Rio Grande wild turkey. Roads . Texas Communicated by H. Kierdorf D. R. Erxleben :M

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER The influence of plants on atmospheric methane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ORIGINAL PAPER The influence of plants on atmospheric methane in an agriculture-dominated landscape on atmospheric methane (CH4) in an agriculture-dominated landscape in the Upper Mid- west of the United States role in the landscape-scale CH4 budget. Keywords Methane . Corn . Soybean . Agriculture . Land surface

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Global patterns of epipelagic gelatinous zooplankton biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    ORIGINAL PAPER Global patterns of epipelagic gelatinous zooplankton biomass M. K. S. Lilley · S. E no global synthesis of patterns of gelatinous zooplankton biomass (GZB), an important first step abundance of gelatinous zooplankton did not co- vary with depth. Introduction There is intense interest

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Metabolic profiling of major vitamin D metabolites using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Metabolic profiling of major vitamin D metabolites using Diels­Alder derivatization active forms of vitamin D are impor- tant analytical targets in both research and clinical practice. The current technology is such that each of the vitamin D metabolites is usually analyzed by individual assay

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER Accumulation of vitamin E in potato (Solanum tuberosum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Accumulation of vitamin E in potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers Elizabeth F. Crowell Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a powerful antioxidant Homogentisate phytyltransferase Á a-Tocopherol Á Metabolic engineering Introduction Vitamin E is an essential

  18. Facts about ENSO: . Originates in the tropical Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : . Computer models show skill in forecasting tropical Pacific Ocean temperatures one to two years in advance for Pacific Ocean observations that are the foundation of skillful ENSO forecasts: Moored buoys Drifting buoysaaaaaa Facts about ENSO: . Originates in the tropical Pacific . Has a periodicity of 2­7 years

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting Avian Abundance Within and Across Tidal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    ORIGINAL PAPER Predicting Avian Abundance Within and Across Tidal Marshes Using Fine Scientists 2010 Abstract Tidal marsh monitoring and restoration can benefit from the union of fine developed statistical models with relatively high explanatory power. In each case, models were improved

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Bioremediation of oily sludge-contaminated soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bioremediation of oily sludge-contaminated soil by stimulating indigenous microbes In situ bioremediation of oily sludge- contaminated soil by biostimulation of indigenous microbes through with only 15.6% in the control plot. Moreover, bioremediation significantly improved the physicochemical

  1. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION The Physician-Scientist Career Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION The Physician-Scientist Career Pipeline in 2005 Build It, and They Will Come, the pipeline of physician- scientists has a serious problem, first de- scribed more than a generation ago.2-scientist career pipeline. Design We assessed recent trends in the physician-scientist career pipeline using data

  2. Unconscious Biases and Assumptions: The Origins of Discrimination?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    #12;Unconscious Biases and Assumptions: The Origins of Discrimination? #12;Outline Examples of subtle discrimination What is "unconscious bias" and do I have it? What to do? #12;Applications is causing these phenomena? Discrimination? Or... Unconscious Bias? #12;Mind-blindness Count

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are dominated by outdoor air and show Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA The indoor microbiome is a complex system that is thought to depend on dispersal from the outdoor biome and the occupants' microbiome

  4. Original article Effects of osmotic priming using aerated solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Effects of osmotic priming using aerated solutions of polyethylene glycol 74078, USA (received 15-2-1988; accepted 7-6-1988) Summary — Osmotic priming with aerated could be upgraded to handle large quantities of seed. seed — germination - Pinus taeda- osmotic

  5. Original article Contribution of different solutes to the cell osmotic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Contribution of different solutes to the cell osmotic pressure in tap and lateral and glutamine accounted for about two thirds of cell osmotic pressure with relative contributions depending by soluble sugars, glutamine and/or sodium according to location in the root system. Osmotic pressure

  6. Original Article The establishment of communication systems depends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Daniel

    Original Article The establishment of communication systems depends on the scale of competition competition; whereas under local competition, fewer signals were sent and no effective communication system and how new communication systems could emerge de novo in the laboratory (Galantucci, 2005; Garrod, Fay

  7. Solvent Size vs Cohesive Energy as the Origin of Hydrophobicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazaridis, Themis

    of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, Convent Avenue & 138th Street, New York, New York 10031 Received March 22Solvent Size vs Cohesive Energy as the Origin of Hydrophobicity THEMIS LAZARIDIS* Department of water's properties and report a detailed decomposition of the solvation free energy, enthalpy, entropy

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Shelley R. Hepworth Jennifer E. Klenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haughn, George

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Shelley R. Hepworth Æ Jennifer E. Klenz George W. Haughn UFO in the Arabidopsis (UFO) gene of Arabidopsis encodes an F-box protein required for the determination of floral-organ and floral-meri- stem identity. Mutation of UFO leads to dramatic changes in floral-organ type which are well

  9. Original Research Cytoskeletal prestress regulates nuclear shape and stiffness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Kevin Kit

    and rupture of the nuclear membrane caused a sudden expansion of DNA, a consequence of prestress exertedOriginal Research Cytoskeletal prestress regulates nuclear shape and stiffness in cardiac myocytes. Although a number of physical links between the nuclear envelope and cytoplasmic filaments have been

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling the impacts of global warming on predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling the impacts of global warming on predation and biotic resistance in regulating or limiting exotic prey. We investigate how global warming potentially alters the strength damselfly Megalag- rion calliphya as predator and the invasive southern house mosquito Culex

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Use of grit supplements by waterbirds: an experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Use of grit supplements by waterbirds: an experimental assessment of strategies. Lead ammunition for hunting is being progressively banned in more countries, while grit supplementation supplemented with grit was higher than in those without grit, although the highest numbers of feeding birds

  12. Cnidarian-Microbe Interactions and the Origin of Innate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cnidarian-Microbe Interactions and the Origin of Innate Immunity in Metazoans Thomas C.G. Bosch-155626 Copyright c 2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved Keywords host-microbe interactions, evolution. These resident microbes influence fitness and thus ecologically important traits of their hosts, ultimately

  13. Origine et Evolution de la Crote Continentale Christian Nicollet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicollet, Christian

    Continentale » #12;Les processus pétrologiques : - fusion partielle - différenciation magmatique - mélange;La fusion Partielle du manteau La fusion Partielle de la CO = magma basaltique = magma granitoïde #12.nicollet La fusion de la CO produit des adakites #12;Genèse et Origine de la Croûte Continentale LO Chaude LO

  14. The Solar Wind, CMEs and the Origins of Heliospheric Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    release o Coronal holes o Source of high-speed solar wind #12;peter.gallagher@tcd.ie #12;#12;peter Parker => Parker Spiral: r - r0 = -(v/ )( - 0) o Winding angle: o Inclined at ~45º at 1 AU and ~90º by 10The Solar Wind, CMEs and the Origins of Heliospheric Activity Peter T. Gallagher School of Physics

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiang, Tom

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal amplification sequencing and analytical techniques, genomic sequence data of prok- aryotes are accumulating at a very rapid pace. As of October 2008, there are 873 complete and pub- lished genome sequences, as well as 2025

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese forest ecosystems with spatial while large datasets of in-situ observed NPP are available for Chinese forest ecosystems. Here we use, and the information of climate and topography to estimate Chinese forest NPP and their associated uncertainties

  17. ORIGINAL PAPER How habitat affects the benefits of communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donaldson-Matasci, Matina

    ORIGINAL PAPER How habitat affects the benefits of communication in collectively foraging honey, and what is it about those habitats that makes communication useful? In this study, we examine the effects of floral distribution patterns on the benefits of dance communication across five different habitats

  18. Austin Building Conference Rooms Original Implementation: June 10, 1986

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    Austin Building Conference Rooms Original Implementation: June 10, 1986 Last Revision: January 28 buildings, facilities, equipment, and grounds, hereafter referred to as facilities, under the control to Room 305 and Room 307 in the Austin Building. These conference rooms will be primarily for the use

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Temperature and kairomone induced life history plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodds, Walter

    ORIGINAL PAPER Temperature and kairomone induced life history plasticity in coexisting Daphnia temperature and predator cues. In a laboratory experiment, we measured Daphnia life history plasticity under plasticity, but responded in sharply different ways to the same environmental cues. In Glen Elder reservoir

  20. Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally found as a cell surface this pathological role as a virus receptor, the physiological function of CAR is largely unknown. CAR is a type I is selectively expressed on endothelium and platelets, and is structurally most closely related to CAR

  1. Cellulose in Cyanobacteria. Origin of Vascular Plant Cellulose Synthase?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown Jr., R. Malcolm

    Cellulose in Cyanobacteria. Origin of Vascular Plant Cellulose Synthase? David R. Nobles, Dwight K of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 Although cellulose biosynthesis among the cyanobacteria has been suggested previously, we present the first conclusive evidence, to our knowledge, of the presence of cellulose

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of dynamic taxonomy on rare species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Saiz, Juan Carlos

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effects of dynamic taxonomy on rare species and conservation listing: insights from nature of biotic taxonomies and how these changes alter perceptions of extinction risk and conservation that the activity of a new, fine-scale taxonomy may have an effect in the taxonomy structure producing a taxonomic

  3. Original article Lentivirus-induced interstitial lung disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Lentivirus-induced interstitial lung disease: pulmonary pathology in sheep a chronic disease in sheep affecting, among other organs, the lungs. Interstitial pneumonitis is similar the pathological features of lungs of sheep naturally infected with visna-maedi virus with the results obtained

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Soil order and management practices control soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Soil order and management practices control soil phosphorus fractions in managed in wetland rice soils. In this study we evaluated 71 wetland soils in the Sacramento Valley, California, consisting of different soil orders (Alfisols, Entisols, Mollisols and Verti- sols) and different management

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Characterization of the cellulolytic and hydrogen-producing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the global concerns of energy-related environ- mental pollution, hydrogen has been proposed as a cleanORIGINAL ARTICLE Characterization of the cellulolytic and hydrogen-producing activities of six and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA 2 Penn State Hydrogen

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER GP challenge: evolving energy function for protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    ORIGINAL PAPER GP challenge: evolving energy function for protein structure prediction Pawel Widera structures. This distinction is made by estimation of the structure energy. The energy function used of Techniques for Protein Structure Prediction) experiment is defined as a weighted sum of a set of energy terms

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Direct evidence that stomatogastric (Panulirus interruptus) muscle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooper, Scott

    and for building accurate muscle and muscle-containing biomechanical models. Passive force generationORIGINAL PAPER Direct evidence that stomatogastric (Panulirus interruptus) muscle passive responses. Discovery of giant sarcomere-span- ning proteins suggested muscle passive responses could arise from length

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Differential effects of temperature variability on the transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulin, Robert

    , but was substantially increased in the heat wave treatment. Transmission success was highest and comparableORIGINAL PAPER Differential effects of temperature variability on the transmission of a marine the effects of temperature variability on the transmission of the intertidal trematode Maritrema

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable development in Shanghai Wenze-Verlag 2012 Abstract Studies of urbanization effects in Chinese cities from the aspect of the coupled urban expansion and examined the dynamic relationship between economic growth and envi- ronment

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Influence of tree species on carbon and nitrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and for carbon sequestration (Jandl et al. 2007). Soil acidification and carbon sequestration are influ- encedORIGINAL PAPER Influence of tree species on carbon and nitrogen transformation patterns in forest carbon release under broadleaved forest floors may explain this difference. Spruce forest floor exhibited

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Thermal-Assisted Dislocation Friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Thermal-Assisted Dislocation Friction Y. Liao · L. D. Marks Received: 25 decades of research has shown that for bulk crys- talline materials the fundamental unit of plasticity of misfit dislocations to include the effect of thermally activated transitions across barriers. We obtain

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Analysis of RUNX1 binding site and RAPTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abecasis, Goncalo

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Analysis of RUNX1 binding site and RAPTOR polymorphisms in psoriasis: no evidence psoriasis and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) mapping to distal chromosome 17q, including a disease for the previously identified RUNX1 binding site or for the RAPTOR locus as genetic determinants of psoriasis

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE FGF and ERK signaling coordinately regulate mineralization-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE FGF and ERK signaling coordinately regulate mineralization- related genes and play for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer 2011 Abstract To examine the roles of FGF and ERK MAPK signaling-Y4. This experiment identified a number of miner- alization-related genes that were regulated by FGF2

  14. d Original Contribution ELECTROMECHANICAL WAVE IMAGING OF BIOLOGICALLY AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konofagou, Elisa E.

    d Original Contribution ELECTROMECHANICAL WAVE IMAGING OF BIOLOGICALLY AND ELECTRICALLY PACED; in final form 26 August 2013) Abstract--Electromechanical Wave Imaging (EWI) has been show capable of directly and entirely non-invasively mapping the trans mural electromechanical activation in all four

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Puccinia psidii infecting cultivated Eucalyptus and native

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Puccinia psidii infecting cultivated Eucalyptus and native myrtaceae in Uruguay Mycological Society and Springer 2010 Abstract Eucalyptus or guava rust caused by Puccinia psidii is a serious disease of Eucalyptus and other Myrtaceae. In Uruguay, it has been previously found on Eucalyptus globulus

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Isolation of Enterobacter cowanii from Eucalyptus showing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Isolation of Enterobacter cowanii from Eucalyptus showing symptoms of bacterial Eucalyptus grandis trees in Uruguay commonly exhibit symptoms of leaf blight and dieback disease. The cause ananatis, the causal agent of bacterial blight and dieback on Eucalyptus in South Africa (Coutin- ho et al

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation of starch prehistoric sites in Greece and Bulgaria has been analysed. A comparative modern set of cooked (&) Department of Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece e-mail: sval

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makhsous, Mohsen

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity, Expiratory Flow, and Lumbar, Makhsous M. Effect of different sitting postures on lung capacity, expiratory flow, and lumbar lordosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87:504-9. Objective: To investigate the effect of sitting posture on lung

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Mechanical and structural properties of in vitro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consequence for modelling such IF networks is that the bending modulus of the individual filaments becomesORIGINAL PAPER Mechanical and structural properties of in vitro neurofilament hydrogels S of semiflexible polymers. The low-deformation storage modulus G¢(x) showed a concentration (c) dependence of G

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER Mechanical filtering by the boundary layer and fluidstructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McHenry, Matt

    ORIGINAL PAPER Mechanical filtering by the boundary layer and fluid­structure interaction force coefficient for fluid c speed of sound in water C integration constant Em Young's modulus moment of area k viscous drag coefficient L hydrodynamic force coefficient M bending moment N number

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER BambooFiber Filled High Density Polyethylene Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    strength, bending modulus and strength were improved with the use of MAPE. The use of the clayORIGINAL PAPER Bamboo­Fiber Filled High Density Polyethylene Composites: Effect of Coupling to achieve clay exfoliation. For pure HDPE system, both dynamic and static bending moduli increased, while

  2. Short communication Origin of arrhythmias in a heart model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, Richard H.

    Short communication Origin of arrhythmias in a heart model Hiba Sheheitli, Richard Rand * Dept oscillators a b s t r a c t An investigation of the nonlinear dynamics of a heart model is presented. The model com- partmentalizes the heart into one part that beats autonomously (the x oscillator), repre

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Tunability of Propane Conversion over Alumina Supported

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Tunability of Propane Conversion over Alumina Supported Pt and Rh Catalysts William Propane conversion over alumina supported Pt and Rh (1 wt% metals loading) was examined under fuel rich conversion and almost complete propane conversion) so long as the metal particle size was sufficiently low

  4. Quantum origin of an anomalous isotope effect in ozone formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Scott A.

    Quantum origin of an anomalous isotope effect in ozone formation D. Babikov *, B.K. Kendrick, R mechanical calculations of the ðJ ¼ 0Þ energies and lifetimes of the metastable states of ozone on a new effect in the reaction that forms ozone because of their role in the energy transfer mechanism, in which

  5. Type II Opsins: Evolutionary Origin by Internal Domain Duplication?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Science+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract Opsins are a large group of proteins with seven transmembrane evolutionary origin, in which both groups of opsins evolved a seven-TM structure and light sensitivity independently. This convergence may indicate an impor- tant role for seven-TM protein structure for retinal

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Twin-Screw Extrusion Processing of Distillers Dried

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Twin-Screw Extrusion Processing of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS. Twin- screw extrusion studies were performed to investigate the production of nutritionally balanced amounts of fish meal, fish oil, whole wheat flour, corn gluten meal, and vitamin and mineral premixes

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Sinkhole characterization in the Dead Sea area using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco, Shmuel "Shmulik"

    ORIGINAL PAPER Sinkhole characterization in the Dead Sea area using airborne laser scanning Sagi-level drop. One conspicuous expression of this deterioration is the formation of sinkholes fields that puncture the coastal plains. The evolution of sinkholes along nearly 70-km strip has brought to a halt

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomerie, Bob

    ORIGINAL PAPER Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun Roslyn Dakin & Robert on male orientation relative to the position of the sun. During the "wing-shaking" display, females were generally behind the displaying male, and male orientation with respect to the position of the sun

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Rates and Correlates of HIV and STI Infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    (&) Division of Clinical Phenomenology, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051, Riverside Drive, Unit 56ORIGINAL PAPER Rates and Correlates of HIV and STI Infection Among Homeless Women Carol L. M. Caton counterparts [1­3]. Moreover, mortality studies have demonstrated that HIV/ AIDS is a leading cause of death

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER A new, disjunct species of Speleonectes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    , and it is now protected as an endemic species of the Canary Islands. First indications of the presence, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Mar Biodiv (2009) 39:215­225 DOI 10.1007/s12526-009-0021-8 #12;columnORIGINAL PAPER A new, disjunct species of Speleonectes (Remipedia, Crustacea) from the Canary

  11. Origin of Mediterranean insular endemics in the Boraginales: integrative evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    fragment islands) and the Canary Islands (an oceanic island archipelago). Methods Eighty-nine accessions) to elucidate the temporal and spatial origins of the Corso-Sardinian and Canary Island endemics. Results Species of Echium endemic to the Canary Islands diverged from their continental sister clade during

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer /Accepted: 29 September 2008 # Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract The Canary Islands are home to a guild Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer) was an effective pollinator of these species. Keywords Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora of the Canary Islands, situated off the west coast of North Africa

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Review of Methodologies for Offshore Wind Resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pryor, Sara C.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Review of Methodologies for Offshore Wind Resource Assessment in European Seas A. M installation, operation and maintenance costs associated with offshore wind parks. Successful offshore wind. Keywords Wind energy Á Offshore Á Resources assessment Á European seas Á Wind mapping Á Wind climatology Á

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phylogeny and Ecophysiology of Opportunistic "Snow Molds"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Phylogeny and Ecophysiology of Opportunistic "Snow Molds" from a Subalpine Forest, LLC 2008 Abstract Mats of coenocytic "snow molds" are commonly observed covering the soil and litter of "snow mold" covering plant litter and soil as snow banks recede in the spring at alpine and sub

  16. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Attenuation of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Lung Vascular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardel, Margaret

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Attenuation of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Lung Vascular Stiffening by Lipoxin Reduces Lung Inflammation Fanyong Meng1 , Isa Mambetsariev1 , Yufeng Tian1 , Yvonne Beckham2 , Angelo. Birukova1 1 Lung Injury Center, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of bismuth breast shielding on radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Effect of bismuth breast shielding on radiation dose and image quality in coronary angiography (CCTA) is associated with high radiation dose to the female breasts. Bismuth breast shielding shielding, breast radiation dose was reduced 46%-57% depending on breast size and scanning technique

  18. ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Phonon Wind Shielding Effects on Moving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Phonon Wind Shielding Effects on Moving Dislocation Arrays A. M interaction is employed to simulate the shielding of phonon wind drag in moving dislocation arrays. In the model, we use assumptions that overestimate the shielding effect to calculate an upper bound

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Confidence levels for tsunami-inundation limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    ORIGINAL PAPER Confidence levels for tsunami-inundation limits in northern Oregon inferred from / Accepted: 25 August 2009 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009 Abstract To explore the local tsunami coseismic deformations for simulation of tsunami inundation at Cannon Beach, Oregon. Maximum A brief summary

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based on lateral BiFeO3 cells Ji serves as a basis for solid-state memory. This phenomenon can also yield an interesting photovoltaic imposed by the ferroelectric polarization vectors. Here, we demonstrate a single-domain photovoltaic

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental aspects in free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region Astrid been made. Since the 1990s, environmental issues have been addressed by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in recent times by trans-regional and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  3. Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Estimation of leaf water content and specific leaf weight from reflectance and transmittance spectra measured over the 1 300-2 400-nm domain and the corresponding water content (g.cm-2) for pure water. We then investigated the possibility of estimating leaf water content and specific weight

  4. Original article Changes in foliar nutrient content and resorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Changes in foliar nutrient content and resorption in Fraxinus excelsior L., Ulmus in the flooded forest, causes high fluctuations of water level and increases bioavailability of cer- tain the variability of the test species response (nutrient con- tent and resorption) to the soil and flood water

  5. Original article Tau-fluvalinate content of Apistan® strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Tau-fluvalinate content of Apistan® strips Mark F. Feldlaufer USDA (Received1 July 1998; accepted12 November 1998) Abstract - The tau-fluvalinate content of13 lot numbers in certain areas of the US is due to the tau-fluvalinate content of Apistan® strips. © Inra

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Transient gut retention and persistence of Salmonella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeff

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Transient gut retention and persistence of Salmonella through metamorphosis the consumption of contaminated food. The causative organism, Salmonella, can enter the production process at any commodities, a thor- ough understanding of the on-farm ecology and epidemi- ology of Salmonella from which

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Percutaneous Cement Injection into a Created Cavity for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casto, Joseph M.

    on these assumptions by finding minimal pressure increases (9.4 6 8.5 mm Hg) during direct injection of cement into exORIGINAL ARTICLE Percutaneous Cement Injection into a Created Cavity for the Treatment of Vertebral, CA). PV involves the injection of polymethylmethacrylate cement into an injured vertebral body via

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Shear Wave Splitting and Mantle Anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Shear Wave Splitting and Mantle Anisotropy: Measurements, Interpretations, and New to make and interpret splitting measurements correctly and how to relate them properly to mantle flow and recent developments in the measurement and interpretation of shear wave splitting--including new

  9. ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 decreases ethanol intake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 decreases ethanol intake in mice Wei Hu Rationale Cyclic AMP (cAMP)­protein kinase A signal- ing has been implicated in the regulation of ethanol intracellular cAMP levels in the brain. However, the role of PDE4 in ethanol consumption remains unknown

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE On credibility improvements for automotive navigation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE On credibility improvements for automotive navigation systems Florian Schaub The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract Automotive effects on perceived credibility. Keywords Automotive navigation systems Á ANS Á Credibility Á Automotive

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Fractionation and speciation of arsenic in fresh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Qinhong "Max"

    ORIGINAL PAPER Fractionation and speciation of arsenic in fresh and combusted coal wastes from in the condensates indicates that combustion or spontaneous combustion is one of the major ways for arsenic release Coal waste Á Arsenic Á Species Á HPLC-ICP-MS Á Environmental pollution Introduction Arsenic (As

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular disturbance by hill walkers Angela calving rates in elk Cervus elaphus canadensis have been linked to human disturbance (Philips-recognised that the effect of disturbance can vary with its predictability; unexpected events, such as hill walkers

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angilletta, Michael

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal regimes and their potential (Oncorhynchus spp.) across portions of their natural range, dams have arguably played a major role in many locations (NRC 1996; Lichatowich 1999; Ruckelshaus et al. 2002). Large dams (>15 m tall)­ designed

  14. Original Research In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorassini, Monica

    Original Research In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human Cervical Spinal Cord at 3 Tesla is feasible at 3 T. Key Words: MRI; 3 Tesla; cervical spinal cord; gradient echo; gray matter; white matter J, and pulsatile flow (9,10). Deficits in motor and sensory function from damage to the spinal cord are mainly due

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Late Miocene to Pleistocene potassic volcanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Late Miocene to Pleistocene potassic volcanism in the Republic of Macedonia Yotzo Abstract The potassic (K) to ultrapotassic (UK) volcanic rocks cropping out in the Vardar Zone of Macedonia are located in the large Kozuf Massif (Voras Massif in Greece) at the Macedonia­Greek border. Three distinct

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Encoding properties of auditory neurons in the brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tricas, Timothy C.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Encoding properties of auditory neurons in the brain of a soniferous damselfish in social communication, but few studies have examined response properties of central auditory neurons neurons to tone bursts and playbacks of con- specific sounds in the soniferous damselfish, Abudefduf

  17. The evolutionary origins of electric signal complexity Philip K. Stoddard*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    the evolutionary origins of waveform complexity in electric organ discharges (EODs) of weakly electric fish. I signal to the second simplest signal in the gymnotiform electric fishes. The simplest electric signal is typically viewed as a restraining force on evolution of communication signals, but among the electric fishes

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Marine flooding event in continental Triassic facies identified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    representing a high-energy event and records exceptional marine flooding in a distal fluvial environmentORIGINAL ARTICLE Marine flooding event in continental Triassic facies identified by a nothosaur Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Sudden marine flooding within otherwise con- tinental

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Effect of bioconversion conditions on vanillin production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Effect of bioconversion conditions on vanillin production by Amycolatopsis sp. ATCC 39116 through an analysis of competing by-product formation Xiao-kui Ma · Andrew J. Daugulis Received addition of ferulic acid and vanillic acid, on the production of vanillin through an analysis of competing

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER S. Chauhan E. Yankelevich V. M. Bystritskii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas K.

    ORIGINAL PAPER S. Chauhan á E. Yankelevich á V. M. Bystritskii T. K. Wood Degradation of 2: 3 November 1998 / Received revision: 28 February 1999 / Accepted: 14 March 1999 Abstract Degradation with a consortium from acclimated return acti- vated sludge. The chlorinated phenols were treated in the PED reactor

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Volcanic tsunami: a review of source mechanisms, past

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belousov, Alexander

    ORIGINAL PAPER Volcanic tsunami: a review of source mechanisms, past events and hazards Asia has had both volcanic tsunamis and possesses some of the most densely populated, economically tsunami hazard in Southeast Asia. Source mechanisms of tsunami related to eruptive and gravitational

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLE PANGEA: pipeline for analysis of next generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casella, George

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE PANGEA: pipeline for analysis of next generation amplicons Adriana Giongo1 , David- processing, clustering, database matching and classification, have been compiled into a pipeline called PANGEA. The PANGEA pipeline was written in Perl and can be run on Mac OSX, Windows or Linux. With PANGEA

  3. The Monophyletic Origin ofthe Orb Web JONATHAN CODDINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    12 The Monophyletic Origin ofthe Orb Web JONATHAN CODDINGTON TWO VENERABLE groups of spiders spin orb webs: the cnbellate Ulobon- dae, weavers of calamistrated sticky silk, and the ecribellate also differ considerably, yet both groups spin very similar orb webs. When juxtaposed

  4. EA-1919: Recycle of Scrap Metals Originating from Radiological Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Programmatic EA evaluates alternatives for the management of scrap metal originating from DOE radiological control areas, including the proposed action to allow for the recycle of uncontaminated scrap metal that meets the requirements of DOE Order 458.1. (Metals with volumetric radioactive contamination are not included in the scope of this Programmatic EA.)

  5. Original article Modelling herbicide treatment impact on groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Modelling herbicide treatment impact on groundwater quality in a central Italy of different weed control strategies on groundwater quality in a Central Italy area (Umbria) where the drinking and twenty-two weed control strategies were tested for their groundwater concentrations. Two maps reporting

  6. Original article 789 Genetic polymorphisms and benzene metabolism in humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Original article 789 Genetic polymorphisms and benzene metabolism in humans exposed to a wide Range on levels of benzene metabolites in 250 benzene-exposed and 136 control workers in Tianjin, China (for all, catechol, and hydroquinone) and nine polymorphisms in seven genes coding for key enzymes in benzene

  7. Original articles Ole Seehausen Jacques J.M. van Alphen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Original articles Ole Seehausen á Jacques J.M. van Alphen The effect of male coloration on female white light and under monochromatic light, under which the interspe- ci®c dierences in coloration were visible, but chose non-as- sortatively when colour dierences were masked by light conditions. Neither male

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Winter westerly disturbance dynamics and precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charles

    ORIGINAL PAPER Winter westerly disturbance dynamics and precipitation in the western Himalaya, allowing for a comprehensive study of the factors that relate WWD to orographic precipitation of disturbances, the state of the background environ- ment during their propagation, and precipitation totals

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER An improved reconstruction of MayJune precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER An improved reconstruction of May­June precipitation using tree-ring data from developed a high quality reconstruction of May­June precipitation for the interior region of southwest- ern . Tree ring . Precipitation reconstruction . Black pine . Volcanic eruption . Turkey Introduction

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Global warming impact on the dominant precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    ORIGINAL PAPER Global warming impact on the dominant precipitation processes in the Middle East a good job of simulating the precipitation for most of the domain, though it performs relatively poorly. The results also show widespread decreases in precipitation over the eastern Mediterranean and Turkey

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER A study of earthquake inter-occurrence times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    mecha- nisms, earthquake prediction seems difficult to achieve. However, statistical analyses provide for scientific forecasting experiments, for example, the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake PredictabilityORIGINAL PAPER A study of earthquake inter-occurrence times distribution models in Taiwan Chi

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    ORIGINAL PAPER Comparing land surface phenology derived from satellite and GPS network microwave, a normalized mi- crowave reflectance index (NMRI) derived from GPS base station measurements is sensitive, and their derived SOS metrics for a subset of 24 homogenous land cover sites to investigate VOD and NMRI

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Perch exposure and predation risk: a comparative study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grether, Gregory

    the greatest energy storage losses (Thomas et al. 2003), and comparative studies also show that speciesORIGINAL PAPER Perch exposure and predation risk: a comparative study in passerines Diana P. Campos predation risk (degree of concealment, height in tree or shrub, and distance to the forest edge) and time

  14. message | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYatescloud Home Dc'sSolar and Windland

  15. Message from the Director ............................2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, David R.

    worked as a research associate at Eltron Research, Inc. in Boulder, CO. During this time he performed

  16. REGISTRATION GUIDE President's Message .........................................................................................................................................1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasýrcý, Vasýf

    )...............................................................................5 VI. CNG 100 Exemption Examination (September 20th ­ 21st, 2014).....................................................5 Is it possible to be exempt from CNG 100? ..........................................................................................5 Who can sit for the CNG 100 exemption exam

  17. DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE It seems university

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    budget, funds only a small por- tion of the upkeep and activities of UW Olympic Natural Resources Cen Resources, facilitation of salmon conservation ef- forts and management- oriented research into effective Olympic Natural Resources Center John Calhoun ONRC UPDATE is published monthly by the University

  18. Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranicTrillion ParticleTrinity

  19. Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranicTrillion ParticleTrinityTrouble

  20. Trouble Shooting and Error Messages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout / TransformingTransuranicTrillion

  1. PNNL: About PNNL - Director's Message

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O Streams forOrhan Kizilkaya,P.Federal LaboratoryDirector's

  2. Investigating Radiation Shielding Properties of Different Mineral Origin Heavyweight Concretes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basyigit, Celalettin; Uysal, Volkan; Kilincarslan, Semsettin; Akkas, Ayse; Mavi, Betuel; Guenoglu, Kadir; Akkurt, Iskender

    2011-12-26

    The radiation although has hazardous effects for human health, developing technologies bring lots of usage fields to radiation like in medicine and nuclear power station buildings. In this case protecting from undesirable radiation is a necessity for human health. Heavyweight concrete is one of the most important materials used in where radiation should be shielded, like those areas. In this study, used heavyweight aggregates of different mineral origin (Limonite, Siderite), in order to prepare different series in concrete mixtures and investigated radiation shielding properties. The experimental results on measuring the radiation shielding, the heavyweight concrete prepared with heavyweight aggregates of different mineral origin show that, are useful radiation absorbents when they used in concrete mixtures.

  3. Origin of coherent structures in a discrete chaotic medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabinovich, M.I.; Torres, J.J.; Varona, P.; Huerta, R.; Varona, P.; Huerta, R.; Weidman, P.

    1999-08-01

    Using as an example a large lattice of locally interacting Hindmarsh-Rose chaotic neurons, we disclose the origin of ordered structures in a discrete nonequilibrium medium with fast and slow chaotic oscillations. The origin of the ordering mechanism is related to the appearance of a periodic average dynamics in the group of chaotic neurons whose individual slow activity is significantly synchronized by the group mean field. Introducing the concept of a {open_quotes}coarse grain{close_quotes} as a cluster of neuron elements with periodic averaged behavior allows consideration of the dynamics of a medium composed of these clusters. A study of this medium reveals spatially ordered patterns in the periodic and slow dynamics of the coarse grains that are controlled by the average intensity of the fast chaotic pulsation. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  4. Origin and dynamics of vortex rings in drop splashing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Ji San; Park, Su Ji; Lee, Jun Ho; Weon, Byung Mook; Fezzaa, Kamel; Je, Jung Ho

    2015-09-04

    A vortex is a flow phenomenon that is very commonly observed in nature. More than a century, a vortex ring that forms during drop splashing has caught the attention of many scientists due to its importance in understanding fluid mixing and mass transport processes. However, the origin of the vortices and their dynamics remain unclear, mostly due to the lack of appropriate visualization methods. Here, with ultrafast X-ray phase-contrast imaging, we show that the formation of vortex rings originates from the energy transfer by capillary waves generated at the moment of the drop impact. Interestingly, we find a row ofmore »vortex rings along the drop wall, as demonstrated by a phase diagram established here, with different power-law dependencies of the angular velocities on the Reynolds number. These results provide important insight that allows understanding and modelling any type of vortex rings in nature, beyond just vortex rings during drop splashing.« less

  5. Physical origin of shear-banding in jammed systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe Coussot; Guillaume Ovarlez

    2010-07-30

    Jammed systems all have a yield stress. Among these materials some have been shown to shear-band but it is as yet unclear why some materials develop shear-band and some others do not. In order to rationalize existing data concerning the flow characteristics of jammed systems and in particular understand the physical origin of such a difference we propose a simple approach for describing the steady flow behaviour of yield stress fluids, which retains only basic physical ingredients. Within this frame we show that in the liquid regime the behaviour of jammed systems turns from that of a simple yield stress fluid (exhibiting homogeneous flows) to a shear-banding material when the ratio of a characteristic relaxation time of the system to a restructuring time becomes smaller than 1, thus suggesting a possible physical origin of these trends.

  6. Origin of Interplanetary Dust through Optical Properties of Zodiacal Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Hongu

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the origin of interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) through the optical properties, albedo and spectral gradient, of zodiacal light. The optical properties were compared with those of potential parent bodies in the solar system, which include D-type (as analogue of cometary nuclei), C-type, S-type, X-type, and B-type asteroids. We applied Bayesian inference on the mixture model made from the distribution of these sources, and found that >90% of the interplanetary dust particles originate from comets (or its spectral analogues, D-type asteroids). Although some classes of asteroids (C-type and X-type) may make a moderate contribution, ordinary chondrite-like particles from S-type asteroids occupy a negligible fraction of the interplanetary dust cloud complex. The overall optical properties of the zodiacal light were similar to those of chondritic porous IDPs, supporting the dominance of cometary particles in zodiacal cloud.

  7. TRACING THE ORIGIN OF THE AQUARIUS STREAM. I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wylie-de Boer, Elizabeth; Freeman, Kenneth; Keller, Stefan [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston Creek, ACT 2611 (Australia); Williams, Mary; Steinmetz, Matthias [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Munari, Ulisse, E-mail: ewylie@mso.anu.edu.au, E-mail: kcf@mso.anu.edu.au, E-mail: mary@aip.de [INAF Astronomical Observatory of Padova, 36012 Asiago (Italy)

    2012-08-10

    We present an abundance analysis of six member stars of the recently discovered Aquarius stream, in an attempt to ascertain whether this halo stream is real and, if so, to understand its origin. The mean metallicities of the six stars have a dispersion of only 0.10 dex, indicating that they are part of a chemically coherent structure. We then investigate whether the stream represents the debris of a disrupted dwarf galaxy or a disrupted globular cluster. The [Ni/Fe]-[Na/Fe] plane provides a good diagnostic: globular cluster stars and dwarf spheroidal galaxy stars are well separated in this plane, and the Aquarius stream stars lie unambiguously in the globular cluster region. The Aquarius stream stars also lie on the distinct [Na/Fe]-[O/Fe] and [Mg/Fe]-[Al/Fe] relations delineated by Galactic globular cluster stars. Spectroscopic parameters for the six Aquarius stars show that they are tightly confined to a 12 Gyr, [Fe/H] =-1.0, {alpha}-enhanced isochrone, consistent with their identification as globular cluster debris. We present evidence that the Aquarius stream may continue through the disk and out into the northern halo. Our results indicate a globular cluster origin for the Aquarius stream and demonstrate the potential for chemical tagging to identify the origins of Galactic substructures.

  8. Condensed matter lessons about the origin of time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gil Jannes

    2015-05-13

    It is widely hoped that quantum gravity will shed light on the question of the origin of time in physics. The currently dominant approaches to a candidate quantum theory of gravity have naturally evolved from general relativity, on the one hand, and from particle physics, on the other hand. A third important branch of 20th century `fundamental' physics, condensed-matter physics, also offers an interesting perspective on quantum gravity, and thereby on the problem of time. The bottomline might sound disappointing: to understand the origin of time, much more experimental input is needed than what is available today. Moreover it is far from obvious that we will ever find out the true origin of physical time, even if we become able to directly probe physics at the Planck scale. But we might learn some interesting lessons about time and the structure of our universe in the process. A first lesson is that there are probably several characteristic scales associated with "quantum gravity" effects, rather than the single Planck scale usually considered. These can differ by several orders of magnitude, and thereby conspire to hide certain effects expected from quantum gravity, rendering them undetectable even with Planck-scale experiments. A more tentative conclusion is that the hierarchy between general relativity, special relativity and Newtonian physics, usually taken for granted, might have to be interpreted with caution.

  9. Origin and Stability of Exomoon Atmospheres - Implications for Habitability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lammer, H; Juvan, I; Odert, P; Erkaev, N V; Weber, C; Kislyakova, K G; Güdel, M; Kirchengast, G; Hanslmeier, A

    2015-01-01

    We study the origin and escape of catastrophically outgassed volatiles (H$_2$O, CO$_2$) from exomoons with Earth-like densities and masses of $0.1M_{\\oplus}$, $0.5M_{\\oplus}$ and $1M_{\\oplus}$ orbiting an extra-solar gas giant inside the habitable zone of a young active solar-like star. We apply a radiation absorption and hydrodynamic upper atmosphere model to the three studied exomoon cases. We model the escape of hydrogen and dragged dissociation products O and C during the activity saturation phase of the young host star. Because the soft X-ray and EUV radiation of the young host star may be up to $\\sim$100 times higher compared to today's solar value during the first 100 Myr after the system's origin, an exomoon with a mass $ 0.5M_{\\oplus}$, however, may evolve to habitats that are a mixture of Mars-like and Earth-analogue habitats, so that life may originate and evolve at the exomoon's surface.

  10. ORIGIN: Metal Creation and Evolution from the Cosmic Dawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herder, J W den; Ohashi, T; Kouveliotou, C; Hartmann, D H; Kaastra, J S; Amati, L; Andersen, M; Arnaud, M; Attéia, J-L; Bandler, S; Barbera, M; Barcons, X; Barthelmy, S; Basa, S; Basso, S; Boer, M; Branchini, E; Branduardi-Raymont, G; Borgani, S; Boyarski, O; Brunetti, G; Budtz-Jorgensen, C; Burrows, D; Butler, N; Campana, S; Caroli, E; Ceballos, M; Christensen, F; Churazov, E; Comastri, A; Colasanti, L; Cole, R; Content, R; Corsi, A; Costantini, E; Conconi, P; Cusumano, G; de Plaa, J; De Rosa, A; Del Santo, M; Di Cosimo, S; De Pasquale, M; Doriese, R; Ettori, S; Evans, P; Ezoe, Y; Ferrari, L; Finger, H; Figueroa-Feliciano, T; Friedrich, P; Fujimoto, R; Furuzawa, A; Fynbo, J; Gatti, F; Galeazzi, M; Gehrels, N; Gendre, B; Ghirlanda, G; Ghisellini, G; Gilfanov, M; Giommi, P; Girardi, M; Grindlay, J; Cocchi, M; Godet, O; Guedel, M; Haardt, F; Hartog, R den; Hepburn, I; Hermsen, W; Hjorth, J; Hoekstra, H; Holland, A; Hornstrup, A; van der Horst, A; Hoshino, A; Zand, J in 't; Irwin, K; Ishisaki, Y; Jonker, P; Kitayama, T; Kawahara, H; Kawai, N; Kelley, R; Kilbourne, C; de Korte, P; Kusenko, A; Kuvvetli, I; Labanti, M; Macculi, C; Maiolino, R; Hesse, M Mas; Matsushita, K; Mazzotta, P; McCammon, D; Méndez, M; Mignani, R; Mineo, T; Mitsuda, K; Mushotzky, R; Molendi, S; Moscardini, L; Natalucci, L; Nicastro, F; O'Brien, P; Osborne, J; Paerels, F; Page, M; Paltani, S; de Pasquale, M; Pedersen, K; Perinati, E; Ponman, T; Pointecouteau, E; Predehl, P; Porter, S; Rasmussen, A; Rauw, G; Röttgering, H; Roncarelli, M; Rosati, P; Quadrini, E; Ruchayskiy, O; Salvaterra, R; Sasaki, S; Sato, K; Savaglio, S; Schaye, J; Sciortino, S; Shaposhnikov, M; Sharples, R; Shinozaki, K; Spiga, D; Sunyaev, R; Suto, Y; Takei, Y; Tanvir, N; Tashiro, M; Tamura, T; Tawara, Y; Troja, E; Tsujimoto, M; Tsuru, T; Ubertini, P; Ullom, J; Ursino, E; Verbunt, F; van de Voort, F; Viel, M; Wachter, S; Watson, D; Weisskopf, M; Werner, N; White, N; Willingale, R; Wijers, R; Yamasaki, N; Yoshikawa, K; Zane, S

    2011-01-01

    ORIGIN is a proposal for the M3 mission call of ESA aimed at the study of metal creation from the epoch of cosmic dawn. Using high-spectral resolution in the soft X-ray band, ORIGIN will be able to identify the physical conditions of all abundant elements between C and Ni to red-shifts of z=10, and beyond. The mission will answer questions such as: When were the first metals created? How does the cosmic metal content evolve? Where do most of the metals reside in the Universe? What is the role of metals in structure formation and evolution? To reach out to the early Universe ORIGIN will use Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) to study their local environments in their host galaxies. This requires the capability to slew the satellite in less than a minute to the GRB location. By studying the chemical composition and properties of clusters of galaxies we can extend the range of exploration to lower redshifts (z ~ 0.2). For this task we need a high-resolution spectral imaging instrument with a large field of view. Using the ...

  11. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  12. Distribution and Origin of 36Cl In Allende CAIs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matzel, J P; Jacobsen, B; Hutcheon, I D; Krot, A N; Nagashima, K; Yin, Q; Ramon, E C; Weber, P; Wasserburg, G J

    2009-12-11

    The abundance of short-lived radionuclides (SLRs) in early solar system materials provide key information about their nucleosynthetic origin and can constrain the timing of early solar system events. Excesses of {sup 36}S ({sup 36}S*) correlated with {sup 35}Cl/{sup 34}S ratios provide direct evidence for in situ decay of {sup 36}Cl ({tau}{sub 1/2} {approx} 0.3 Ma) and have been reported in sodalite (Na{sub 8}Al{sub 6}Si{sub 6}O{sub 24}Cl{sub 2}) and wadalite (Ca{sub 6}Al{sub 5}Si{sub 2}O{sub 16}Cl{sub 3}) in CAIs and chondrules from the Allende and Ningqiang CV carbonaceous chondrites. While previous studies demonstrate unequivocally that {sup 36}Cl was extant in the early solar system, no consensus on the origin or initial abundance of {sup 36}Cl has emerged. Understanding the origin of {sup 36}Cl, as well as the reported variation in the initial {sup 36}Cl/{sup 35}Cl ratio, requires addressing when, where and how chlorine was incorporated into CAIs and chondrules. These factors are key to distinguishing between stellar nucleosynthesis or energetic particle irradiation for the origin of {sup 36}Cl. Wadalite is a chlorine-rich secondary mineral with structural and chemical affinities to grossular. The high chlorine ({approx}12 wt%) and very low sulfur content (<<0.01 wt%) make wadalite ideal for studies of the {sup 36}Cl-{sup 36}S system. Wadalite is present in Allende CAIs exclusively in the interior regions either in veins crosscutting melilite or in zones between melilite and anorthite associated with intergrowths of grossular, monticellite, and wollastonite. Wadalite and sodalite most likely resulted from open-system alteration of primary minerals with a chlorine-rich fluid phase. We recently reported large {sup 36}S* correlated with {sup 35}Cl/{sup 34}S in wadalite in Allende Type B CAI AJEF, yielding a ({sup 36}Cl/{sup 35}Cl){sub 0} ratio of (1.7 {+-} 0.3) x 10{sup -5}. This value is the highest reported {sup 36}Cl/{sup 35}Cl ratio and is {approx}5 times greater than values for sodalite in some CAIs and chondrules. We report here new {sup 36}Cl-{sup 36}S isotope measurements of wadalite in two Type B CAIs (TS34 and Egg-6) and sodalite in a fine-grained CAI (Pink Angel) from Allende.

  13. Origin of the Anomalous Long Lifetime of 14C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, David Jarvis [ORNL; Nam, Hai Ah [ORNL; Maris, Pieter [Iowa State University; Vary, J. P. [Iowa State University; Navratil, Petr [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ormand, W. Erich [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

    2011-01-01

    We report the microscopic origins of the anomalously suppressed beta decay of 14C to 14N using the ab initio no-core shell model with the Hamiltonian from the chiral effective field theory including three-nucleon force terms. The three-nucleon force induces unexpectedly large cancellations within the p shell between contributions to beta decay, which reduce the traditionally large contributions from the nucleon-nucleon interactions by an order of magnitude, leading to the long lifetime of 14C.

  14. Can the Cabibbo mixing originate from noncommutative extra dimensions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Gavrilik

    2000-12-20

    Treating hadronic flavor symmetries with quantum algebras U_q(su_n) leads to interesting consequences such as: new mass sum rules for hadrons 1^-, (1/2)^+, (3/2)^+ of improved accuracy; possibility to label different flavors topologically - by torus winding number; properly fixed deformation parameter q in case of baryons is linked in a simplest way to the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C, that suggests for \\theta_C the exact value {\\pi}/{14}. In this connection, we discuss the possibility that this angle and the Cabibbo mixing as a whole take its origin in noncommutativity of some additional, with regard to 3+1, space-time dimensions.

  15. Domestic Coal Distribution 2009 Q2 by Origin State: Alabama

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic43,728 243,242Consumers (DollarsQ2 by Origin

  16. The Origin of Mass (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties ofThe Maximum Value Method.SciTechOrigin of Mass

  17. Origin And Characterization Of Geothermal Waters At Desert Queen, Nevada |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart Grid DataInformationOpen Energy Information Origin

  18. Origins | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4 » Inside IceResearchScienceOakOrigins Fusion

  19. Disentangling geometric and dissipative origins of negative Casimir entropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Umrath; Michael Hartmann; Gert-Ludwig Ingold; Paulo A. Maia Neto

    2015-07-21

    Dissipative electromagnetic response and scattering geometry are potential sources for the appearance of a negative Casimir entropy. We show that the dissipative contribution familiar from the plane-plane geometry appears also in the plane-sphere and the sphere-sphere geometries and adds to the negative Casimir entropy known to exist in these geometries even for perfectly reflecting objects. Taking the sphere-sphere geometry as an example, we carry out a scattering-channel analysis which allows to distinguish between the contributions of different polarizations. We demonstrate that dissipation and geometry share a common feature making possible negative values of the Casimir entropy. In both cases there exists a scattering channel whose contribution to the Casimir free energy vanishes in the high-temperature limit. While the mode-mixing channel is associated with the geometric origin, the transverse electric channel is associated with the dissipative origin of the negative Casimir entropy. By going beyond the Rayleigh limit, we find even for large distances that negative Casimir entropies can occur also for Drude-type metals provided the dissipation strength is sufficiently small.

  20. On the possible origin of the asteroid (1) Ceres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yury I. Rogozin

    2014-03-20

    The last three decades the asteroid (1) Ceres is an object of the intensive ground-and space-based observations. A new unusual contributing to these studies represents the recent detection of localized sources of water vapour releasing from its surface at a rate about 6 kg s-1 (K\\"uppers et al 2014). A drastic distinction between asteroid (1) Ceres and nearest the large asteroid (4) Vesta in terms of their composition and appearance emphasizes an urgent state of a problem of the possible origin of Ceres in the main asteroid belt. By analogy with the early assumptions of some well-known astronomers of Mercury and Mars as the escaped satellites of their host planets we have put forward and semi-empirically have justified a hypothesis for the plausible origin of Ceres as the satellite of a disrupted planet in the past orbited the Sun of ~ 5 AU. The orbital location of this host of Ceres beyond the snow line of the Solar System explains a formation the icy mantle of Ceres, which appears may be a water vapour source.

  1. Analysis of a Drosophila amplicon in follicle cells highlights the diversity of metazoan replication origins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orr-Weaver, Terry L.

    To investigate the properties of metazoan replication origins, recent studies in cell culture have adopted the strategy of identifying origins using genome-wide approaches and assessing correlations with such features as ...

  2. Faraday Discuss., 1998, 109, 417436 Evidence for the extraterrestrial origin of polycyclic aromatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with FeÈMg-rich carbonates. The petrography of the carbonates10 supports an extraterrestrial origin as do

  3. Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velsquez 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

    Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velásquez © 2005 1 Web mining Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. VelJuan D. Veláásquez Silvasquez Silva knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velásquez © 2005 2 Outline 1. Motivation. 2. Web

  4. A discussion on the origin of quantum probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holik, Federico; Departamento de Matemática - Ciclo Básico Común, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Pabellón III, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires ; Sáenz, Manuel; Plastino, Angel

    2014-01-15

    We study the origin of quantum probabilities as arising from non-Boolean propositional-operational structures. We apply the method developed by Cox to non distributive lattices and develop an alternative formulation of non-Kolmogorovian probability measures for quantum mechanics. By generalizing the method presented in previous works, we outline a general framework for the deduction of probabilities in general propositional structures represented by lattices (including the non-distributive case). -- Highlights: •Several recent works use a derivation similar to that of R.T. Cox to obtain quantum probabilities. •We apply Cox’s method to the lattice of subspaces of the Hilbert space. •We obtain a derivation of quantum probabilities which includes mixed states. •The method presented in this work is susceptible to generalization. •It includes quantum mechanics and classical mechanics as particular cases.

  5. The Origin of the Solar Flare Waiting-Time Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. S. Wheatland

    2000-05-08

    It was recently pointed out that the distribution of times between solar flares (the flare waiting-time distribution) follows a power law, for long waiting times. Based on 25 years of soft X-ray flares observed by Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) instruments it is shown that 1. the waiting-time distribution of flares is consistent with a time-dependent Poisson process, and 2. the fraction of time the Sun spends with different flaring rates approximately follows an exponential distribution. The second result is a new phenomenological law for flares. It is shown analytically how the observed power-law behavior of the waiting times originates in the exponential distribution of flaring rates. These results are argued to be consistent with a non-stationary avalanche model for flares.

  6. Sustainability of Transient Kinetic Regimes and Origins of Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubarev, Dmitry Yu

    2015-01-01

    It is generally recognized that a distinguishing feature of life is its peculiar capability to avoid equilibration. The origin of this capability and its evolution along the timeline of abiogenesis is not yet understood. We propose to study an analog of this phenomenon that could emerge in non-biological systems. To this end, we introduce the concept of sustainability of transient kinetic regimes. This concept is illustrated via investigation of cooperative effects in an extended system of compartmentalized chemical oscillators under batch conditions. The computational study of a model system shows robust enhancement of lifetimes of the decaying oscillations which translates into the evolution of the survival function of the non-equilibrium regime. This model does not rely on any form of replication. Rather, it explores the role of a structured effective environment as a contributor to the system-bath interactions that define non- equilibrium regimes. We implicate the noise produced by the effective environme...

  7. ORIGIN OF THE COSMIC-RAY SPECTRAL HARDENING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomassetti, Nicola, E-mail: nicola.tomassetti@pg.infn.it [INFN-Sezione di Perugia, 06122 Perugia (Italy)

    2012-06-10

    Recent data from ATIC, CREAM, and PAMELA indicate that the cosmic-ray energy spectra of protons and nuclei exhibit a remarkable hardening at energies above 100 GeV nucleon{sup -1}. We propose that the hardening is an interstellar propagation effect that originates from a spatial change of the cosmic-ray transport properties in different regions of the Galaxy. The key hypothesis is that the diffusion coefficient is not separable into energy and space variables as usually assumed. Under this scenario, we can reproduce the observational data well. Our model has several implications for cosmic-ray acceleration/propagation physics and can be tested by ongoing experiments such as the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer or Fermi-LAT.

  8. Origin of subgap current in an SIS junction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Toyoaki; Noguchi, Takashi; Matsuo, Hiroshi [National Institutes of Natural Sciences/National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8588 (Japan)

    2009-12-16

    According to the BCS theory, the subgap current in an SIS junction is reduced exponentially as the temperature decreases. However, experimentally, the reduction is saturated below a certain temperature. This phenomenon was a bottleneck in the development of sensitive SIS photon detectors with NEP of 10{sup -19} W/{radical}(Hz) at 650 GHz, because the NEP is limited by the shot noise in the subgap current. To investigate the origin of the residual subgap current under various temperatures we have measured I-V curves of a Nb/Al-AlN/Nb junction. Obtained I-V curves have been reproduced by a model: single-and two-particle tunneling under reduced quasiparticle lifetime. Our result suggests that increasing the lifetime is essential to reduce the subgap current. One of possible methods to increase the lifetime is to form an epitaxial Nb film.

  9. Origin of superstructures in (double) perovskite thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shabadi, V. Major, M.; Komissinskiy, P.; Vafaee, M.; Radetinac, A.; Baghaie Yazdi, M.; Donner, W.; Alff, L.

    2014-09-21

    We have investigated the origin of superstructure peaks as observed by X-ray diffraction of multiferroic Bi(Fe{sub 0.5}Cr{sub 0.5})O{sub 3} thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on single crystal SrTiO{sub 3} substrates. The photon energy dependence of the contrast between the atomic scattering factors of Fe and Cr is used to rule out a chemically ordered double perovskite Bi{sub 2}FeCrO{sub 6} (BFCO). Structural calculations suggest that the experimentally observed superstructure occurs due to unequal cation displacements along the pseudo-cubic [111] direction that mimic the unit cell of the chemically ordered compound. This result helps to clarify discrepancies in the correlations of structural and magnetic order reported for Bi{sub 2}FeCrO{sub 6}. The observation of a superstructure in itself is not a sufficient proof of chemical order in double perovskites.

  10. Neutrinos and the Supernova Origin of the Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Zhong Qian

    2000-08-30

    Intense fluxes of neutrinos are emitted by the hot neutron star produced in a supernova. The electron neutrino and antineutrino capture reactions on neutrons and protons, respectively, provide heating to drive a wind from the hot neutron star. The same reactions also determine the neutron-richness of the wind material. Nucleosynthesis via rapid neutron capture, the r-process, may occur in the wind material as it expands away from the neutron star. The neutron-richness of the wind material, and hence, the r-process nucleosynthesis therein, are sensitive to mixing between the muon (or tauon) neutrino/antineutrino and the electron (or sterile) neutrino/antineutrino. Indirect arguments and direct tests for the supernova origin of the r-process elements are discussed with a goal to establish supernova r-process nucleosynthesis as an important probe for neutrino mixing.

  11. Between Cool Stars and Hot Planets: Origins of Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray Jayawardhana

    2003-10-28

    Brown dwarfs, which straddle the mass range between stars and planets, appear to be common both in the solar neighborhood and in star-forming regions. Their ubiquity makes the question of their origin an important one both for our understanding of brown dwarfs themselves as well as for theories on the formation of stars and planets. Studies of young sub-stellar objects could provide valuable insight into their formation and early evolution. Here I report on the latest results from our observational programs at Keck, VLT and Magellan on the disk and accretion properties of young brown dwarfs. We find compelling evidence that they undergo a T Tauri phase analogous to that of their stellar counterparts.

  12. The origin of wide-angle tailed radio galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irini Sakelliou; Michael R. Merrifield

    1999-09-30

    To investigate the origins of wide-angle tailed radio sources (WATs), we have compiled a sample of these systems in Abell clusters for which X-ray data exist. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the WATs are found to be significantly displaced from the X-ray centroids of their host clusters. The bends in the WATs' radio jets are found to be oriented preferentially such that they point directly away from or toward the cluster centre, with more of the former than the latter. If this morphology is attributed to ram pressure, then the WATs are on primarily radial orbits, with more approaching the X-ray centroid than receding. There is also some evidence that the in-coming WATs are on average further from the X-ray centroid than the out-going ones. All of these observations strongly support a scenario in which WATs are created in cluster mergers.

  13. On the solar origin of the 220.7 signal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Jimenez; R. A. Garcia

    2008-10-09

    Gravity modes in the Sun have been long searched during the past decades. Using their asymptotic properties Garcia et al. (2007) found the signature of the dipole g modes analyzing an spectral window between 25 and 140 muHz of velocity power spectrum obtained from the GOLF/SoHO instrument. Using this result it has been possible to check some properties of the structure of the solar interior (Garcia, Mathur & Ballot 2008) as well as some indications on the dynamics of the core. However, the individual detection of such modes remains evasive and they are needed to really improve our knowledge of the deepest layers in the Sun (Mathur et al. 2008). In this work we study the signal at 220.7 muHz which is present in most of the helioseismic instruments during the last 10 years. This signal has been previously identified as part of a g-mode candidate in the GOLF data (Turck-Chieze et al. 2004; Mathur et al. 2007) and in SPM/VIRGO (Garcia et al. 2008) with more than 90% confidence level. It could be labelled as the l=2 n=-3 g mode as it is in the region were this mode is expected. We have checked the possibility that the 220.7 muHz signal could have an instrumental origin without success by analysing all the available housekeeping data as well as the information on the roll, pith and yaw of the SoHO spacecraft. In consequence, we are confident that this signal has a solar origin.

  14. On the Origin of the Internal Structure of Haloes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Manrique; E. Salvador-Sole; A. Raig

    2002-01-08

    High-resolution N-body simulations of hierarchical cosmologies have shown that the density and velocity dispersion profiles of dark-matter haloes display well-definite universal forms whose origin remains unknown. In the present paper, we calculate the internal structure of haloes expected to arise in any such cosmologies by simply taking into account that halo growth proceeds through an alternate sequence of discrete major mergers and long periods of gentle accretion. Major mergers cause the violent relaxation of the system subject to the boundary conditions imposed by accreting layers beginning to fall in at that moment. Accretion makes the system develop inside-out from the previous seed according to the spherical infall model. The predicted structure is in very good agreement with the results of numerical simulations, particularly for moderate and low mass haloes. We find strong indications that the slight departure observed in more massive systems is not due to a poorer theoretical prediction, but to the more marked effects of the limited resolution used in the simulations on the empirical profiles. This may have important consequences on the reported universality of halo structure.

  15. The origin, evolution and signatures of primordial magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandaswamy Subramanian

    2015-04-09

    The universe is magnetized on all scales probed so far. On the largest scales, galaxies and galaxy clusters host magnetic fields at the micro Gauss level coherent on scales up to ten kpc. Recent observational evidence suggests that even the intergalactic medium in voids could host a weak $\\sim 10^{-16}$ Gauss magnetic field, coherent on Mpc scales. An intriguing possibility is that these observed magnetic fields are a relic from the early universe, albeit one which has been subsequently amplified and maintained by a dynamo in collapsed objects. We review here the origin, evolution and signatures of primordial magnetic fields. After a brief summary of magnetohydrodynamics in the expanding universe, we turn to magnetic field generation during inflation and other phase transitions. We trace the linear and nonlinear evolution of the generated primordial fields through the radiation era, including viscous effects. Sensitive observational signatures of primordial magnetic fields on the cosmic microwave background, including current constraints from Planck, are discussed. After recombination, primordial magnetic fields could strongly influence structure formation, especially on dwarf galaxy scales. The resulting signatures on reionization, the redshifted 21 cm line, weak lensing and the Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest are outlined. Constraints from radio and $\\gamma$-ray astronomy are summarized. Astrophysical batteries and the role of dynamos in reshaping the primordial field are briefly considered. The review ends with some final thoughts on primordial magnetic fields.

  16. Origin of anomalous Xe-H in nanodiamond stardust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kratz, K. L.; Farouqi, K.; Hallmann, O.; Pfeiffer, B.; Ott, U.

    2014-05-09

    Still today, the nucleosynthesis origin of Xe-H in presolar nanodiamonds is far from understood. Historically possible explanations were proposed by a secondary “neutron-burst” process occurring in the He- or C/O-shells of a type-II supernova (SN-II), which are, however, not fully convincing in terms of modern nucleosynthesis conditions. Therefore, we have investigated Xe isotopic abundance features that may be diagnostic for different versions of a classical, primary r-process in high-entropy-wind (HEW) ejecta of core-collapse SN-II. We report here on parameter tests for non-standard r-process variants, by varying electron abundances (Y{sub e}), ranges of entropies (S) and expansion velocities (V{sub exp}) with their correlated neutron-freezeout times (?(freeze)) and temperatures (T{sub 9}(freeze)). From this study, we conclude that a best fi to the measured Xe-H abundance ratios {sup i}Xe/{sup 136}Xe can be obtained with the high-S “main” component of a “cold” r-process variant.

  17. Origin of Anomalous Xe-H in Nanodiamond Stardust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kratz, K -L; Hallmann, O; Pfeiffer, B; Ott, U

    2014-01-01

    Still today, the nucleosynthesis origin of Xe-H in presolar nanodiamonds is far from understood. Historically, possible explanations were proposed by a secondary "neutron-burst" process occurring in the He- or C/O-shells of a type-II supernova (SN-II), which are, however, not fully convincing in terms of modern nucleosynthesis conditions. Therefore, we have investigated Xe isotopic abundance features that may be diagnostic for different versions of a classical, primary r-process in high-entropy-wind (HEW) ejecta of core-collapse SN-II. We report here on parameter tests for non-standard r-process variants, by varying electron abundances (Y$_e$), ranges of entropies (S) and expansion velocities (V$_{exp}$) with their correlated neutron-freezeout times ($\\tau$(freeze)) and temperatures (T$_9$(freeze)). From this study, we conclude that a best fit to the measured Xe-H abundance ratios $^i$Xe/$^{136}$Xe can be obtained with the high-S "main" component of a "cold" r-process variant.

  18. The magnetized universe: its origin and dissipation through acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colgate, Stirling; Li, Hui; Kronberg, Philip

    2010-09-02

    Problems of a magnetic universe and some, possible solutions: The greater the total energy of an astrophysical phenomena, the more restricted are the possible explanations. Magnetic energy is the most challenging because its origin is still considered problematic. We suggest that it is evident that the universe is magnetized because of radio lobes, extra galactic cosmic rays, an observed Faraday rotation measure, and the polarized emission of extra galactic radio structures. The implied energies are so large that only the formation of supermassive black holes, (SMBHs) at the center of every galaxy are remotely energetic enough to supply this immense energy, {approx} (1/10)10{sup 8} M{sub {circle_dot}}c{sup 2}. (Only a galaxy cluster of 1000 galaxies has comparable energy, but is inversely rare.) Yet this energy appears to be largely transformed into accelerated relativistic particles, both electrons and ions. Only a large-scale coherent dynamo within the accretion disk forming the massive black hole makes a reasonable starting point. The subsequent winding of this dynamo derived flux by conducting, angular-momentum-dominated accreting matter produces the immense, coherent magnetic fluxes. We imbed this explanation in a list of similar phenomena at smaller scale and look for physical consistency among the various phenomena, especially the conversion of force-free magnetic energy into acceleration.

  19. Recent hybrid origin of three rare chinese turtles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, Bryan L.; Parham, James F.

    2006-02-07

    Three rare geoemydid turtles described from Chinese tradespecimens in the early 1990s, Ocadia glyphistoma, O. philippeni, andSacalia pseudocellata, are suspected to be hybrids because they are knownonly from their original descriptions and because they have morphologiesintermediate between other, better-known species. We cloned the allelesof a bi-parentally inherited nuclear intron from samples of these threespecies. The two aligned parental alleles of O. glyphistoma, O.philippeni, and S. pseudocellata have 5-11.5 times more heterozygouspositions than do 13 other geoemydid species. Phylogenetic analysis showsthat the two alleles from each turtle are strongly paraphyletic, butcorrectly match sequences of other species that were hypothesized frommorphology to be their parental species. We conclude that these rareturtles represent recent hybrids rather than valid species. Specifically,"O. glyphistoma" is a hybrid of Mauremys sinensis and M. cf. annamensis,"O. philippeni" is a hybrid of M. sinensis and Cuora trifasciata, and "S.pseudocellata" is a hybrid of C. trifasciata and S. quadriocellata.Conservation resources are better directed toward finding and protectingpopulations of other rare Southeast Asian turtles that do representdistinct evolutionary lineages.

  20. ELECTRON-CAPTURE SUPERNOVAE AS ORIGIN OF {sup 48}Ca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanajo, Shinya [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Janka, Hans-Thomas; Mueller, Bernhard, E-mail: shinya.wanajo@nao.ac.jp [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-04-20

    We report that electron-capture supernovae (ECSNe), arising from collapsing oxygen-neon-magnesium cores, are a possible source of {sup 48}Ca, whose origin has remained a longstanding puzzle. Our two-dimensional, self-consistent explosion model of an ECSN predicts ejection of neutron-rich matter with electron fractions Y{sub e} Almost-Equal-To 0.40-0.42 and relatively low entropies, s Almost-Equal-To 13-15 k{sub B} per nucleon (k{sub B} is the Boltzmann constant). Post-processing nucleosynthesis calculations result in appreciable production of {sup 48}Ca in such neutron-rich and low-entropy matter during the quasi-nuclear equilibrium and subsequent freezeout phases. The amount of ejected {sup 48}Ca can account for that in the solar inventory when we consider possible uncertainties in the entropies. ECSNe could thus be a site of {sup 48}Ca production in addition to a hypothetical, rare class of high-density Type Ia supernovae.

  1. On the origin of the lightest Molybdenum isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob Lund Fisker; Robert D. Hoffman; Jason Pruet

    2009-01-15

    We discuss implications of recent precision measurements for the Rh93 proton separation energy for the production of the lightest molybdenum isotopes in proton-rich type II supernova ejecta. It has recently been shown that a novel neutrino-induced process makes these ejecta a promising site for the production of the light molybdenum isotopes and other "p-nuclei" with atomic mass near 100. The origin of these isotopes has long been uncertain. A distinguishing feature of nucleosynthesis in neutrino-irradiated outflows is that the relative production of Mo92 and Mo94 is set by a competition governed by the proton separation energy of Rh93. We use detailed nuclear network calculations and the recent experimental results for this proton separation energy to place constraints on the outflow characteristics that produce the lightest molybdenum isotopes in their solar proportions. It is found that for the conditions calculated in recent two-dimensional supernova simulations, and also for a large range of outflow characteristics around these conditions, the solar ratio of Mo92 to Mo94 cannot be achieved. This suggests that either proton-rich winds from type II supernova do not exclusively produce both isotopes, or that these winds are qualitatively different than calculated in today's supernova models.

  2. The origin of the most iron-poor star

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marassi, S.; Schneider, R.; Limongi, M. [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via di Frascati 33, I-00040 Monteporzio (Italy); Chiaki, G.; Yoshida, N. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Omukai, K. [Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Nozawa, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chieffi, A., E-mail: stefania.marassi@oa-roma.inaf.it [INAF/IASF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy)

    2014-10-20

    We investigate the origin of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars starting from the recently discovered [Fe/H] < -7.1 star SMSS J031300. We show that the elemental abundances observed on the surface of SMSS J031300 can be well fit by the yields of faint, metal-free, supernovae (SNe). Using properly calibrated faint SN explosion models, we study, for the first time, the formation of dust grains in such carbon-rich, iron-poor SN ejecta. Calculations are performed assuming both unmixed and uniformly mixed ejecta and taking into account the partial destruction by the SN reverse shock. We find that, due to the paucity of refractory elements beside carbon, amorphous carbon is the only grain species to form, with carbon condensation efficiencies that range between (0.15 and 0.84), resulting in dust yields in the range (0.025-2.25) M {sub ?}. We follow the collapse and fragmentation of a star-forming cloud enriched by the products of these faint SN explosions and we explore the role played by fine structure line cooling and dust cooling. We show that even if grain growth during the collapse has a minor effect of the dust-to-gas ratio, due to C depletion into CO molecules at an early stage of the collapse, the formation of CEMP low-mass stars, such as SMSS J031300, could be triggered by dust cooling and fragmentation. A comparison between model predictions and observations of a sample of C-normal and C-rich metal-poor stars supports the idea that a single common pathway may be responsible for the formation of the first low-mass stars.

  3. Host dynamics and origin of Palomar-Green QSOs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. M. Dasyra; L. J. Tacconi; R. I. Davies; R. Genzel; D. Lutz; B. M. Peterson; S. Veilleux; A. J. Baker; M. Schweitzer; E. Sturm

    2006-10-24

    We present host-galaxy velocity dispersions of 12 local (mainly Palomar-Green) quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) measured directly from the stellar CO absorption features in the H band. The mean bulge velocity dispersion of the QSOs in our sample is 186 km/s with a standard deviation of 24 km/s. The measurement of the stellar velocity dispersion in QSOs enables us to place them on observational diagrams such as the local black-hole mass to bulge-velocity-dispersion relation and the fundamental plane of early-type galaxies. Concerning the former relation, these QSOs have higher black hole masses than most Seyfert 1 AGNs with similar velocity dispersions. On the fundamental plane, PG QSOs are located between the regions occupied by moderate-mass and giant ellipticals. The QSO bulge and black hole masses, computed from the stellar velocity dispersions, are of order 10^11 M_sun and 10^8 M_sun respectively. The Eddington efficiency of their black holes is on average 0.25, assuming that all of the bolometric luminosity originates from the active nucleus. Our data are consistent with other lines of evidence that Palomar-Green QSOs are related to galaxy mergers with gas-rich components and that they are formed in a manner similar to the most massive Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies, regardless of their far-infrared emission. However, PG QSOs seem to have smaller host dispersions and different formation mechanisms than QSOs with supermassive black holes of 5x10^8-10^9 M_sun that accrete at low rates and reside in massive spheroids.

  4. THE ORIGIN OF ASTEROID 162173 (1999 JU{sub 3})

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campins, Humberto [Physics Department, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); De Leon, Julia [Department of Edaphology and Geology, University of La Laguna, E-38071 Tenerife (Spain); Morbidelli, Alessandro; Gayon-Markt, Julie; Delbo, Marco; Michel, Patrick [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), CNRS UMR7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Licandro, Javier [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), C/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna (Spain)

    2013-08-01

    Near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU{sub 3} (henceforth JU{sub 3}) is a potentially hazardous asteroid and the target of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa-2 sample return mission. JU{sub 3} is also a backup target for two other sample return missions: NASA's OSIRIS-REx and the European Space Agency's Marco Polo-R. We use dynamical information to identify an inner-belt, low-inclination origin through the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, more specifically, the region with 2.15 AU < a < 2.5 AU and i < 8 Degree-Sign . The geometric albedo of JU{sub 3} is 0.07 {+-} 0.01, and this inner-belt region contains four well-defined low-albedo asteroid families (Clarissa, Erigone, Polana, and Sulamitis), plus a recently identified background population of low-albedo asteroids outside these families. Only two of these five groups, the background and the Polana family, deliver JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids to the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, and the background delivers significantly more JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids. The available spectral evidence is also diagnostic; the visible and near-infrared spectra of JU{sub 3} indicate it is a C-type asteroid, which is compatible with members of the background, but not with the Polana family because it contains primarily B-type asteroids. Hence, this background population of low-albedo asteroids is the most likely source of JU{sub 3}.

  5. The multiverse and the origin of our universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Gehrels

    2007-07-06

    The multiverse is a hierarchy in the number of universes, increasing stepwise towards infinity. It is an evolutionary system, in which universes survive only near critical mass. That mass is actually a factor of 1.94 less than the critical mass, and this is found to be consistent with the baryon density inferred from nucleosynthesis in our universe; it is also precisely verified as a cosmological effect. That factor seems to have originated in the multiverse for causing intersecting expansions of its universes, such that mixing occurs of debris from aging galaxies (over proton-decaying time scales). It follows that there is an inter-universal medium (IUM), probably having the demand of new universes in balance with the supply of dark radiation and sub-atomic particles from the decaying galaxies. The mixing causes the universes to have the same quantum, relativity, gravity, and particle physics as our universe. The making of a universe from the radiation and sub-atomic particles occurs through re-vitalizing the protons, and other particles as well, by gravitational energy obtained in accretion of the IUM. This process therefore begins wherever the IUM space density reaches proton density, near 10 E18 kg m E-3. The process continues quietly as the sweeping-up and gravitational accretion proceeds, until the near-critical mass is reached. Some of the IUM debris must also be pervading our present universe, steadily or in partially accreted lumps. The model therefore predicts that the IUM sub-atomic particles appear as our dark matter, and its radiation component as our dark energy, both near 0 K temperatures. The dark energy may cause expansion phenomena, in addition to the above non-flatness expansion, from an accretion lump that arrived at our universe at age near 9 x 10 E9 y.

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Origins of the DC-Resistance Increase in HCMRTM Cathodes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about origins...

  7. Origin of The 871-keV Gamma Ray and the "Oxide" Attribute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peurrung, Anthony J.; Arthur, Richard J.; Geelhood, Bruce D.; Scheele, Randall D.; Elovich, Robert J.; Pratt, Sharon L.

    2000-03-22

    This brief paper concludes our study of the origin of the 871-keV observed for many plutonium oxide samples.

  8. Are Short and Long Gamma Ray Bursts Really of Different Origin?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst Karl Kunst

    2000-12-06

    It is shown that short and long gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are of the same origin and, furthermore, correlated with their duration.

  9. Performance evaluation of the SGI Origin2000: A memory-centric characterization of LANL ASCI applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wasserman, H.; Lubeck, O.M.; Luo, Y.; Bassetti, F.

    1997-11-01

    In this paper the authors compare single processor performance of the SGI Origin and PowerChallenge and utilize a previously reported performance model for hierarchical memory systems to explain the results. Both the Origin and PowerChallenge use the same microprocessor (MIPS R10000) but have significant differences in their memory subsystems. Their memory model includes the effect of overlap between CPU and memory operations and allows them to infer the individual contributions of all three improvements in the Origin`s memory architecture and relate the effectiveness of each improvement to application characteristics.

  10. American Journal of Botany 86(3): 398412. 1999. ITS SEQUENCE DATA SUPPORT A SINGLE ORIGIN FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieseberg, Loren

    9701347. 2 Author for correspondence. historical, transcontinental origins, and should include a robust

  11. Lead isotopes in sediments of the Loire River (France): natural versus anthropogenic origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lead isotopes in sediments of the Loire River (France): natural versus anthropogenic origin France) were investigated by means of lead isotopes determined on the labile sediment fraction, or acid-extractable matter (AEM). The combination of trace elements and lead isotopes allows deciphering the origin

  12. Understanding the dominance of unilateral CDMs in China: Its origins and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    Understanding the dominance of unilateral CDMs in China: Its origins and implications for governing;Understanding the dominance of unilateral CDMs in China: Its origins and implications for governing carbon market The Tyndall Centre, University of East Anglia Wei Shen Wei.Shen@uea.ac.uk Theme: Energy Tyndall

  13. Breaking and Fixing Origin-Based Access Control in Hybrid Web/Mobile Application Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shmatikov, Vitaly

    protected by the same origin policy. This opens the door to fracking attacks, which allow foreign-origin Web and directly access device resources. Fracking vulnerabilities are generic: they affect all hybrid frameworks are deployed. We study the prevalence of fracking vulnerabilities in free Android apps based on the Phone

  14. [ ]February 2014 The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    [ ]February 2014 PROBLEM The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula that is used to predict pile capacity in the field during pile installation.The original Gates formula tends to over-predict pile capacity for low driving resistances and under-predict pile

  15. Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion? I. Charva 1999 / Revised: 14 January 2000 / Accepted: 17 January 2000 Abstract. A solar activity cycle of about 2400 years has until now been of uncertain origin. Recent results indicate it is caused by solar

  16. Sans l'ombre d'un doute, les origines du film noir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Exposition Sans l'ombre d'un doute, les origines du film noir BIBLIOGRAPHIE Université Laval #12;Ouvrages sur le film noir BIESEN, Sheri Chinen, Blackout : World War II and the Origins of Film Noir?, Paris, Actes Sud, 2013, 253 p. BORDE, Raymond, CHAUMETON, Etienne, Panorama du film noir américain, 1941

  17. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature10749 Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Lijun

    Yellowstone hotspot track along the eastern Snake River plain (Fig. 1). Recent models trying to explainLETTER doi:10.1038/nature10749 Origin of Columbia River flood basalt controlled by propagating rupture of the Farallon slab Lijun Liu1 & Dave R. Stegman1 The origin of the Steens­Columbia River (SCR

  18. Origin and Evolution of the Western Snake River Plain: Implications From Stratigraphy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shervais, John W.

    Origin and Evolution of the Western Snake River Plain: Implications From Stratigraphy, Faulting.J. McGee, 2002, Origin and evolution of the western Snake River Plain: Implications from stratigraphy, and Michael McCurry, eds., Tectonic and Magmatic Evolution of the Snake River Plain Volcanic Province: Idaho

  19. Biochemical characterization of Cdc6/Orc1 binding to the replication origin of the euryarchaeon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, James M.

    Biochemical characterization of Cdc6/Orc1 binding to the replication origin of the euryarchaeon (Cdc6)/Origin Replication Complex subunit 1 (Orc1) proteins share sequence homology with eukaryotic DNA under- stand whether Cdc6/Orc1 functions in an eukaryotic or bacterial-like manner, we have

  20. MCM2-7 Form Double Hexamers at Licensed Origins in Xenopus Egg Extract*S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blow, J. Julian

    the origin recog- nition complex (ORC)4 binds to DNA at the origin, and DNA- bound ORC then recruits the Cdt1- and Cdc6-licensing pro- teins. Finally, in an ATP-consuming reaction ORC, Cdc6 and Cdt1 cooperate to load

  1. Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism and diet specialization in poison frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism and diet specialization in poison frogs Juan Carlos taxa, but, in vertebrates, it is mostly evident in amphibians, reptiles, and fishes. Poison frogs four or five independent origins of apose- matism have occurred within poison frogs; by using

  2. Dispatching packets on a global combining network of a parallel computer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Almasi, Gheorghe (Ardsley, NY); Archer, Charles J. (Rochester, MN)

    2011-07-19

    Methods, apparatus, and products are disclosed for dispatching packets on a global combining network of a parallel computer comprising a plurality of nodes connected for data communications using the network capable of performing collective operations and point to point operations that include: receiving, by an origin system messaging module on an origin node from an origin application messaging module on the origin node, a storage identifier and an operation identifier, the storage identifier specifying storage containing an application message for transmission to a target node, and the operation identifier specifying a message passing operation; packetizing, by the origin system messaging module, the application message into network packets for transmission to the target node, each network packet specifying the operation identifier and an operation type for the message passing operation specified by the operation identifier; and transmitting, by the origin system messaging module, the network packets to the target node.

  3. Machine-inudced backgrounds: their origin and loads on ATLAS/CMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mokhov, N.V.; /Fermilab; Weiler, T.; /CERN

    2008-05-01

    A detailed analysis of machine-induced backgrounds (MIB) in the LHC collider detectors is performed with focus on origin and rates for three sources: tertiary beam halo, beam-gas interactions and kicker prefire. Particle fluxes originating from these operational and accidental beam losses are carefully calculated with the MARS15 code and presented at the entrance to the ATLAS and CMS experimental halls. It is shown that background rates in detector subsystems strongly depend on the origin of MIB, particle energy and type. Using this source term, instantaneous and integrated loads on the detectors and impact on the detector performance can be derived.

  4. Aberrant Ovarian Collateral Originating from External Iliac Artery During Uterine Artery Embolization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Joon Ho; Kim, Man Deuk Lee, Kwang-hun; Lee, Myungsu; Lee, Mu Sook; Won, Jong Yun; Park, Sung Il; Lee, Do Yun

    2013-02-15

    We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic multiple uterine fibroids with collateral aberrant right ovarian artery that originated from the right external iliac artery. We believe that this is the first reported case in the literature of this collateral uterine flow by the right ovarian artery originated from the right external iliac artery. We briefly present the details of the case and review the literature on variations of ovarian artery origin that might be encountered during UAE.

  5. Streptophyte Algae and the Origin of Land Plants Revisited Using Heterogeneous Models with Three New Algal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Charles

    Letter Streptophyte Algae and the Origin of Land Plants Revisited Using Heterogeneous Models algae, but different lineages of streptophytes have been suggested to be the sister group of land plants chloroplast genomes from streptophyte algae: Coleochaetae orbicularis (Coleochaetales), Nitella hookeri

  6. Origin of deep subgap states in amorphous indium gallium zinc oxide: Chemically disordered coordination of oxygen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sallis, S.; Williams, D. S.; Butler, K. T.; Walsh, A.; Quackenbush, N. F.; Junda, M.; Podraza, N. J.; Fischer, D. A.; Woicik, J. C.; White, B. E.; Piper, L. F. J.

    2014-06-09

    The origin of the deep subgap states in amorphous indium gallium zinc oxide (a-IGZO), whether intrinsic to the amorphous structure or not, has serious implications for the development of p-type transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors. We report that the deep subgap feature in a-IGZO originates from local variations in the oxygen coordination and not from oxygen vacancies. This is shown by the positive correlation between oxygen composition and subgap intensity as observed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We also demonstrate that the subgap feature is not intrinsic to the amorphous phase because the deep subgap feature can be removed by low-temperature annealing in a reducing environment. Atomistic calculations of a-IGZO reveal that the subgap state originates from certain oxygen environments associated with the disorder. Specifically, the subgap states originate from oxygen environments with a lower coordination number and/or a larger metal-oxygen separation.

  7. PUBLICATIONS FUND GRANT APPLICATION Submit ONE completed, signed original(preferably double sided) to: Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    PUBLICATIONS FUND GRANT APPLICATION Submit ONE completed, signed original(preferably double sided PREPARATION B. PUBLISHING SUBVENTION BOOK JOURNAL ARTICLE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS OTHER SCHOLARLY DEPT HEAD DATE DEAN DATE #12;University of Saskatchewan Publications Fund ­ Research Services - Revised

  8. Semiclassical Origins of Density Functionals Peter Elliott, Donghyung Lee, Attila Cangi, and Kieron Burke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Kieron

    Semiclassical Origins of Density Functionals Peter Elliott, Donghyung Lee, Attila Cangi, and Kieron world of pure density functional theory (DFT), i.e., Thomas-Fermi (TF) and related theories

  9. A review of "Cartesian Metaphysics: The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy." by Jorge Secada 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Boschiero

    2002-01-01

    : The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. x + 333 pp. + $59.95. Review by LUCIANO BOSCHIERO, UNIVER- SITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES. Most of the scholarly works during the past fifteen years re- garding...

  10. Reassessment of the Lineage Fusion Hypothesis for the Origin of Double Membrane Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swithers, Kristen S.

    In 2009, James Lake introduced a new hypothesis in which reticulate phylogeny reconstruction is used to elucidate the origin of Gram-negative bacteria (Nature 460: 967–971). The presented data supported the Gram-negative ...

  11. alkenones advected by deep waters originating from high northern latitudes is thus very unlikely.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    alkenones advected by deep waters originating from high northern latitudes is thus very unlikely, 359 (1998). 39. C. Sonzogni et al., Deep-Sea Res. II 44, 1445 (1997). 40. F. G. Prahl, L. A

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Origins of a Novel Host Plant Detoxification Gene in Butterflies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheat, Christopher

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Origins of a Novel Host Plant Detoxification Gene in Butterflies of Biological Sciences, Pennsylvania State University Chemical interactions between plants and their insect as a coevolutionary key innovation. By generating and sequencing expressed sequence tags, genomic libraries

  13. Policy Name: Information Security Policy Originating/Responsible Departments: Computing and Communication Services (CCS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton University

    Policy Name: Information Security Policy Originating/Responsible Departments: Computing: Chief Information Officer (CIO) Corporate Archivist and Assistant Privacy Officer Introduction Records in all formats contain information that is vital to ongoing operations - for insuring accountability

  14. The role of DNA sequence during helicase loading at S. cerevisiae origins of replication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Wendy M

    2010-01-01

    Eukaryotic chromosomal DNA replication is a tightly regulated process that initiates at multiple origins of replication throughout the genome. As cells enter the GI phase of the cell cycle, the Mcm2-7 replicative helicase ...

  15. Modernism with style : history, culture and the origins of modern architecture in Berlin, 1780-1870

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedrick, Christian A. (Christian Andrew)

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation traces the continual, but overlooked, impact of Islamic architecture on practicing architects in nineteenth-century Berlin. As such, it examines the origins of Modernism by considering design strategies ...

  16. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmstetter, Fred J.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) and Brown Norway (BN) parent strains with a Brown Norway chromosome 1 substitution on the FHH

  17. North American montane red foxes: expansion, fragmentation, and the origin of the Sacramento Valley red fox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Benjamin N.; Statham, Mark J.; Perrine, John D.; Wisely, Samantha M.; Aubry, Keith B.

    2010-01-01

    and the origin of the Sacramento Valley red fox Benjamin N.in arid habitats in the Sacramento Valley of California wellState University Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819, USA M. J.

  18. Concentration in U.S. air transportation : an analysis of origin-destination markets since deregulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Acker, Jan

    1991-01-01

    The thesis examined the effects on competition of deregulation in the airline industry by analyzing changes in concentration over the ten-year period 1979-1989 in two sets of origin-destination city-pair markets: the top ...

  19. Give peace a chance: the origins of territorial autonomy arrangements in multiethnic states 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaykhutdinov, Renat

    2009-05-15

    This research explains the formation of territorial autonomy regimes, arrangements enabling ethnic groups to express their distinct identity. The origins of territorial autonomy arrangements is an important topic due to ...

  20. Structural and Biochemical Studies of Origin Opening by Bacterial Replication Initiators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duderstadt, Karl Edward

    2011-01-01

    ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 and ORC directs loading of the Mcm2-7S.P. 2004. ATP hydrolysis by ORC catalyzes reiterative Mcm2-origin recognition by an ORC protein. Science. 317: 1213-