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1

(Computational) synthetic biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultimate goal of systems biology is the development of executable in silico models of cells and organisms. Systems biology attempts to provide an integrative methodology, which while able to cope with -on the one hand- the data deluge that is being ... Keywords: algorithmic systems biology, executable biology, infobiotics, p systems, synthetic biology, systems biology

Natalio Krasnogor

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Authentic teaching and learning through synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic biology is an emerging engineering discipline that, if successful, will allow well-characterized biological components to be predictably and reliably built into robust organisms that achieve specific functions. ...

Kuldell, Natalie

3

2003 Synthetic Biology study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biology is a technology for processing information, materials, and energy. As a technology platform, biological systems provide access to artifacts and processes across a range of scales (e.g., the ribosome is a programmable ...

Endy, Drew

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

4

Synthetic Cells Shed Biological Insights While Delivering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic Cells Shed Biological Insights While Delivering Battery Power. ... Image of two artificial cells that can act as a tiny battery. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Foundational platform for mammalian synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emergent field of synthetic biology is different from many other biological engineering efforts, in that its roots, design principles, and forward engineering perspective have been adopted from electrical engineering ...

Davidsohn, Noah (Noah Justin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Journal of Biological Engineering BioMed Central Review Authentic teaching and learning through synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Synthetic biology is an emerging engineering discipline that, if successful, will allow wellcharacterized biological components to be predictably and reliably built into robust organisms that achieve specific functions. Fledgling efforts to design and implement a synthetic biology curriculum for undergraduate students have shown that the co-development of this emerging discipline and its future practitioners does not undermine learning. Rather it can serve as the lynchpin of a synthetic biology curriculum. Here I describe educational goals uniquely served by synthetic biology teaching, detail ongoing curricula development efforts at MIT, and specify particular aspects of the emerging field that must develop rapidly in order to best train the next generation of synthetic biologists. Review Teaching opportunities and challenges specific to synthetic biology "Plant a carrot get a carrot, not a Brussels sprout " sings a musical theater character in The Fantasticks [1], aptly contrasting

Natalie Kuldell

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

Wellhausen, Rachel

8

INTRODUCTION Synthetic biology: history, challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

," scientists exploring new technologies such as hydroponics in space, biofuels, and plant-based medicines. #12, including logo, installation shots, rights-free images, and sample press release Range of wholesale products-based products and land-use techniques--such as biofuels, organic farming, and soy-based plastics and inks

Haseloff, Jim

9

BglBrick vectors and datasheets; a synthetic biology platform for gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and datasheets: A synthetic biology platform for genepart by the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center,94720, USA. 6 Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DK, Weiss R: Synthetic biology: new engineering rules for anfrom bugs to synthetic biology to fuels Sung Kuk Lee, Howardengineering and synthetic biology will provide new tools for

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

What rough beast? Synthetic Biology and the Future of Biosecurity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic biology seeks to create modular biological parts that can be assembled into useful devices, allowing the modification of biological systems with greater reliability, at lower cost, with greater speed, and by a ...

Mohr, Scott C.

12

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production David F. Savage , Jeffrey through natural intermediates to final molecule is long, and biofuel production is perhaps the ultimate engineering, economic, political, and environmental realities. Are biofuels sustainable? Consider U

13

Synthetic Biology Offers New Hope For Malaria Victims  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 24, 2004 science beat | current article | lab a-z index | lab home Synthetic Biology Offers New Hope For Malaria Victims Contact: Lynn Yarris, lcyarris@lbl.gov x-ray...

14

Retroactivity, modularity, and insulation in synthetic biology circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A central concept in synthetic biology is the reuse of well-characterized modules. Modularity simplifies circuit design by allowing for the decomposition of systems into separate modules for individual construction. Complex ...

Lin, Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Experimentally driven verification of synthetic biological circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a framework that allows us to construct and formally analyze the behavior of synthetic gene circuits from specifications in a high level language used in describing electronic circuits. Our back-end synthesis tool automatically generates genetic-regulatory ...

Boyan Yordanov; Evan Appleton; Rishi Ganguly; Ebru Aydin Gol; Swati Banerjee Carr; Swapnil Bhatia; Traci Haddock; Calin Belta; Douglas Densmore

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

BMC Systems Biology BioMed Central Commentary Models for synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Synthetic biological engineering is emerging from biology as a distinct discipline based on quantification. The technologies propelling synthetic biology are not new, nor is the concept of designing novel biological molecules. What is new is the emphasis on system behavior. The objective is the design and construction of new biological devices and systems to deliver useful applications. Numerous synthetic gene circuits have been created in the past decade, including bistable switches, oscillators, and logic gates, and possible applications abound, including biofuels, detectors for biochemical and chemical weapons, disease diagnosis, and gene therapies. More than fifty years after the discovery of the molecular structure of DNA, molecular biology is mature enough for real quantification that is useful for biological engineering applications, similar to the revolution in modeling in chemistry in the 1950s. With the excitement that synthetic biology is generating, the engineering and biological science communities appear remarkably willing to cross disciplinary boundaries toward a common goal. Synthetic biological engineering is emerging from biology

Yiannis N Kaznessis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Directed evolution: an evolving and enabling synthetic biology tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directed evolution: an evolving and enabling synthetic biology tool Ryan E Cobb1 , Tong Si1 systems has heretofore rendered rational design prohibitively difficult. As a result, directed evolution large libraries of variants. This review highlights the most recent advances in the use of directed

Zhao, Huimin

18

Directed evolution as a powerful synthetic biology tool Ryan E. Cobb a,b,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directed evolution as a powerful synthetic biology tool Ryan E. Cobb a,b,1 , Ning Sun c,1 , Huimin by Rihe Liu Keyword: Synthetic biology Directed evolution a b s t r a c t At the heart of synthetic of this approach. Directed evolution, a process which mimics Darwinian selection on a laboratory scale, has allowed

Zhao, Huimin

19

Safe, secure and ethical? : assessing and regulating risks associated with synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic biology is an emerging field, with a rapidly developing academic-industrial base and the promise of extensive product launches over the next few years. An intense debate over the risks and benefits of synthetic ...

Regårdh, Pernilla C. (Pernilla Christina)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

BioJADE: A Design and Simulation Tool for Synthetic Biological Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The next generations of both biological engineering and computer engineering demand that control be exerted at the molecular level. Creating, characterizing and controlling synthetic biological systems may provide us ...

Goler, Jonathan A.

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Single Molecule and Synthetic Biology Studies of Transcription  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Society for Experimental Biology 12, Wöhler, F. Ueberin experimental medicine and biology 44, 23-4(1974). Weiss,ratchet. Journal of molecular biology 358, 241-54(2006).

Zamft, Bradley Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Strategies for designing, testing and demonstrating safety : what synthetic biology can learn from retrospective cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic biology is an emerging technology field within the realm of genetic engineering, differing from traditional genetic engineering in that it focuses on the modularization of genetic parts and the creation of de ...

Yeddanapudi, Neelima, 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A Case Study in Model-driven Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gilbert,D.R. Heiner,M. Rosser,S. Fulton,F. Gu,X. Trybilo,M. Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: BICC 2008 IFIP

Gilbert, D.R.; Heiner, M.; Rosser, S.; Fulton, F.; Gu, X.; Trybilo, M.; Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: BICC 2008 IFIP [More Details

24

Part Mining for Synthetic Biology (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Chris Voigt from MIT delivers the opening keynote on "Part Mining for Synthetic Biology" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 26, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Voigt, Chris [MIT

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A Broader Perspective about Organization and Coherence in Biological Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implications of large-scale coherence in biological systems and possible links to quantum theory are only beginning to be explored. Whether quantum-like coherent phenomena are relevant, or even possible at all, at the high temperatures of biological systems remains unsettled. Here, we present a broader perspective on biological organization and how quantum-like dynamics and coherence might shape the very fabric from which complex biological systems are organized. Regardless of its exact nature, a unique form of coherence seems apparent at multiple scales in biology and its better characterization may have broad consequences for the understanding of living organisms as complex systems.

Martin Robert

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

26

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

SciTech Connect

The ability to generate microorganisms that can produce biofuels similar to petroleum-based transportation fuels would allow the use of existing engines and infrastructure and would save an enormous amount of capital required for replacing the current infrastructure to accommodate biofuels that have properties significantly different from petroleum-based fuels. Several groups have demonstrated the feasibility of manipulating microbes to produce molecules similar to petroleum-derived products, albeit at relatively low productivity (e.g. maximum butanol production is around 20 g/L). For cost-effective production of biofuels, the fuel-producing hosts and pathways must be engineered and optimized. Advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology will provide new tools for metabolic engineers to better understand how to rewire the cell in order to create the desired phenotypes for the production of economically viable biofuels.

Kuk Lee, Sung; Chou, Howard; Ham, Timothy S.; Soon Lee, Taek; Keasling, Jay D.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

27

Review Article The Role of Synthetic Biology in the Design of Microbial Cell Factories for Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Insecurity in the supply of fossil fuels, volatile fuel prices, and major concerns regarding climate change have sparked renewed interest in the production of fuels from renewable resources. Because of this, the use of biodiesel has grown dramatically during the last few years and is expected to increase even further in the future. Biodiesel production through the use of microbial systems has marked a turning point in the field of biofuels since it is emerging as an attractive alternative to conventional technology. Recent progress in synthetic biology has accelerated the ability to analyze, construct, and/or redesign microbial metabolic pathways with unprecedented precision, in order to permit biofuel production that is amenable to industrial applications. The review presented here focuses specifically on the role of synthetic biology in the design of microbial cell factories for efficient production of biodiesel. 1.

Verónica Leticia Colin; Analía Rodríguez; Héctor Antonio Cristóbal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Synthetic Metagenomics: Converting digital information back to Biology (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Sam Deutsch of the DOE JGI on "Synthetic Metagenomics: Converting digital information back to Biology" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Deutsch, Sam [DOE Joint Genome Institute

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Flourishing and Discordance: On Two Modes of Human Science Engagement with Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wohlsen, Marcus. Biopunks: DIY Scientists Hack the SoftwareBiology. The main figures in DIY-Bio all passed through MITMarcus Wohlsen, Biopunks: DIY Scientists Hack the Software

Stavrianakis, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

SYNFORMPeople, Trends and Views in Synthetic Organic Chemistry Direct Conversion of Arylamines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the organic molecules which are essential components of drugs, materials, agrochemicals, and all the organic SYNSTORY, Jianbo Wang (P. R. of China) elaborates on his recent metal-free conversion of arylamines

Wang, Jianbo

31

Control of grape powdery mildew with synthetic, biological, and organic fungicides: 2009 field trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X X X X g L O O Quintec, 4 fi oz + Vintre, 0.25% 11 Flint, 2oz Flint, 2 oz + Vintre, 0.25% 13 Vintre, 0.25% \\llllol. "JMS Stylet-oil alt AMV-4024 Flint alt AMV-4024 Quintec alt

Janousek, Christopher N; Bay, Ian S.; Gubler, W D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Control of grape powdery mildew with synthetic, biological and organic fungicides: 2010 field trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1x) then Regalia alt Flint Regalia + Microthiol Disperss altoz YD HiPeak + Hi Wett alt Flint 10 alt 21 8.4 lb/100 gal ++ 2 fl oz PKS OKD YS OKS HiPeak + Flint Actinovate + Biolink

Bay, Ian S.; Eynard, James; Sutherland, Andrew; Gubler, W D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Computers are from Mars, Organisms are from Venus: Interrelationship guide to Biology and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computers are from Mars, Organisms are from Venus: Interrelationship guide to Biology and Computer "biology and computation", "bioinformatics", "DNA computing", "genetic algorithms", etc. What is all. In recent years one active area of interdisciplinary merger has been biology and computer science. The noise

Kim, Junhyong

34

Dissolution of Technetium(IV) Oxide by Natural and Synthetic Organic Ligands Under both Reducing and Oxidizing Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Technetium-99 (Tc) in nuclear waste is a significant environmental concern due to its long half-life and high mobility in the subsurface. Reductive precipitation of Tc(IV) oxides [TcO2(s)] is an effective means of immobilizing Tc, thereby impeding its migration in groundwater. However, TcO2(s) is subject to dissolution by oxidants and/or complexing agents. In this study we ascertain the effects of a synthetic organic ligand, ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), and two natural humic isolates on the dissolution and solubility of Tc(IV) oxides. Pure synthetic TcO2(s) (0.23 mM) was used in batch experiments to determine dissolution kinetics at pH ~6 under both reducing and oxidizing conditions. All organic ligands were found to enhance the dissolution of Tc(IV) oxides, increasing their solubility from ~10-8 M (without ligands) to 4 10-7 M under strictly anoxic conditions. Reduced Tc(IV) was also found to re-oxidize rapidly under oxic conditions, with an observed oxidative dissolution rate approximately an order of magnitude higher than that of ligand-promoted dissolution under reducing conditions. Significantly, oxidative dissolution was inhibited by EDTA but enhanced by humic acid compared with experiments without any complexing agents. The redox functional properties of humics, capable of facilitating intra-molecular electron transfer, may account for this increased oxidation rate under oxic conditions. Our results highlight the importance of complex interactions for the stability and mobility of Tc, and thus for the long-term fate of Tc in contaminated environments.

Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Dong, W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Liang, Liyuan [ORNL; Wall, Nathalie [Washington State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer.

Weaver, Paul F. (Golden, CO); Maness, Pin-Ching (Golden, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Photoconversion of gasified organic materials into biologically-degradable plastics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for converting organic materials (such as biomass wastes) into a bioplastic suitable for use as a biodegradable plastic. In a preferred embodiment the process involves thermally gasifying the organic material into primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by photosynthetic bacterial assimilation of the gases into cell material. The process is ideally suited for waste recycling and for production of useful biodegradable plastic polymer. 3 figures.

Weaver, P.F.; Pinching Maness.

1993-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

37

New organic synthetic metals derived from BEDT-TTF, Ni(dsit) sub 2 and BEDO-TTF  

SciTech Connect

Three strategies have been employed by us to synthesize new organic synthetic metals and superconductors. On the basis of structure-property correlations derived for the {beta}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X salts, new charge transfer salts of BEDT-TTF with large, polarizable anions have been synthesized. The occurrence of molecular dimers has been engineered into salts of the new organic acceptor molecule, Ni(dsit){sub 2} (bis (4,5 -diselenolate -1,3-dithiole-2-thione) nickelate), to synthesize salts with acceptor packing similar to the donor packing in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(SCN){sub 2}. Finally, two charge transfer salts of bis(ethylenedioxy)tetrathiafulvalene, BEDO-TTF, namely (BEDO-TTF){sub 2}AuBr{sub 2} and (BEDO-TTF){sub 2}AuI{sub 2} have been synthesized. The AuBr{sub 2}{sup -} salt, the first BEDO-TTF salt to be structurally characterized, is semiconducting below 263 K, while the AuI{sub 2}{sup -} salt shows metallic conductivity to low temperatures. 10 refs., 3 figs.

Beno, M.A.; Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Metal?organic frameworks for the storage and delivery of biologically active hydrogen sulfide  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen sulfide is an extremely toxic gas that is also of great interest for biological applications when delivered in the correct amount and at the desired rate. Here we show that the highly porous metal-organic frameworks with the CPO-27 structure can bind the hydrogen sulfide relatively strongly, allowing the storage of the gas for at least several months. Delivered gas is biologically active in preliminary vasodilation studies of porcine arteries, and the structure of the hydrogen sulfide molecules inside the framework has been elucidated using a combination of powder X-ray diffraction and pair distribution function analysis.

Allan, Phoebe K.; Wheatley, Paul S.; Aldous, David; Mohideen, M. Infas; Tang, Chiu; Hriljac, Joseph A.; Megson, Ian L.; Chapman, Karena W.; De Weireld, Guy; Vaesen, Sebastian; Morris, Russell E. (St Andrews)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

39

A non-linear irreversible thermodynamic perspective on organic pigment proliferation and biological evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most important thermodynamic work performed by life today is the dissipation of the solar photon flux into heat through organic pigments in water. From this thermodynamic perspective, biological evolution is thus just the dispersal of organic pigments and water throughout Earth's surface, while adjusting the gases of Earth's atmosphere to allow the most intense part of the solar spectrum to penetrate the atmosphere and reach the surface to be intercepted by these pigments. The covalent bonding of atoms in organic pigments provides excited levels compatible with the energies of these photons. Internal conversion through vibrational relaxation to the ground state of these excited molecules when in water leads to rapid dissipation of the solar photons into heat, and this is the major source of entropy production on Earth. A non-linear irreversible thermodynamic analysis shows that the proliferation of organic pigments on Earth is a direct consequence of the pigments catalytic properties in dissipating the so...

Michaelian, Karo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Genomes, Phylogeny, and Evolutionary Systems Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tested by “synthetic biology” (de novo design of biologicalEVOLUTIONARY SYSTEMS BIOLOGY MÓNICA MEDINA *,† Department of45639 characters “Systems biology is in the eye of the

Medina, Monica

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Synthetic Design of New Metal-Organic Framework Materials for Hydrogen Storage - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Pingyun Feng (Primary Contact), Qipu Lin, Xiang Zhao Department of Chemistry University of California Riverside, CA 92521 Phone: (951) 827-2042 Email: pingyun.feng@ucr.edu DOE Program Officer: Dr. Michael Sennett Phone: (301) 903-6051 Email: Michael.Sennett@science.doe.gov Objectives Design and * synthesize new metal-organic framework materials using lightweight chemical elements to help improve gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity. Develop new synthetic strategies to generate novel * active binding sites on metal ions and ligands to enhance solid-gas interactions for increased uptake near ambient conditions.

42

Advanced Review Synthetic biology: putting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioethanol fermentation was conducted by batch using 50 ml fermentation flask sealed with rubber septum. Preliminary batch fermentative assays using Saccharomyces cerevisiae showed that nipa saps can be converted, the fermentation trends were similar to sugarcane sap with high ethanol conversions up to 96.9% and 95.5% achieved

Zhao, Huimin

43

INFLUENCE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC ORGANIC LIGANDS ON THE STABILITY AND MOBILITY OF REDUCED TC(IV)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives were (1) to quantify the interactions of organic ligands with Tc(IV) through the generation of thermodynamic (complexation) and kinetic parameters needed to assess and predict the mobility of reduced Tc(IV) at DOE contaminated sites; and (2) to determine the impact of organic ligands on the mobility and fate of reduced Tc(IV) under field geochemical conditions.

Nathalie A. Wall; Baohua Gu

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology @WIPP Life Begins at 250,000,000 Years WIPP's underground isn't just suited for physics experiments aiming to unlock the mysteries of the Universe, it is also a perfect...

45

Biologic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the boundary between biology and the study of formal systems (logic). In the end, we arrive at a summary formalism, a chapter in "boundary mathematics" where there are not only containers but also extainers >biologic what boolean algebra is to classical logic. We show how this formalism encompasses significant parts of the logic of DNA replication, the Dirac formalism for quantum mechanics, formalisms for protein folding and the basic structure of the Temperley Lieb algebra at the foundations of topological invariants of knots and links.

Louis H. Kauffman

2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

46

future science group 9ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.11.151 2012 Future Science Ltd Synthetic biology approaches to biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches to biofuel production Editorial Biofuels (2012) 3(1), 9­12 "...it is important for synthetic there is a tendency, par- ticularly in the algae biofuel space, to prioritize high yields without sufficient regard large enough volumes of biofuels at a low enough cost to make this significant leap in the national

47

Synthetic fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January 1982, the Department of Energy guaranteed a loan for the construction and startup of the Great Plains project. On August 1, 1985, the partnership defaulted on the $1.54 billion loan, and DOE acquired control of, and then title to, the project. DOE continued to operate the plant, through the ANG Coal Gasification Company, and sell synthetic fuel. The DOE's ownership and divestiture of the plant is discussed.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Cellular delivery and site-specific targeting of organic fluorophores for super-resolution imaging in living cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in super-resolution fluorescence microscopy have pushed the spatial resolution of biological imaging down to a few nanometers. The key element to the development of such imaging modality is synthetic organic ...

Uttamapinant, Chayasith

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of knowledge from sys-tems biology approaches in metabolicand by the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center (Current Opinion in Chemical Biology 8. Blanch HW, Adams PD,

Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

PNNL: About - Biological Sciences: Fundamental & Computational...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists within the Biological Sciences Division perform systems and synthetic biology research and develop technologies focused on how cells, cell communities, and...

51

Synthetic analogs of bacterial quorum sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bacterial quorum-sensing molecule analogs having the following structures: ##STR00001## and methods of reducing bacterial pathogenicity, comprising providing a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria which produce natural quorum-sensing molecule; providing a synthetic bacterial quorum-sensing molecule having the above structures and introducing the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule into the biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria. Further is provided a method of targeted delivery of an antibiotic, comprising providing a synthetic quorum-sensing molecule; chemically linking the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule to an antibiotic to produce a quorum-sensing molecule-antibiotic conjugate; and introducing the conjugate into a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria susceptible to the antibiotic.

Iyer, Rashi S.; Ganguly, Kumkum; Silks, Louis A.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

52

Chemical characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in seawater : structure, cycling, and the role of biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis is to investigate three different areas relating to the characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM): further determination of the chemical compounds present in high molecular weight DOM ...

Quan, Tracy M. (Tracy Michelle), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Development and Applications Of Photosensitive Device Systems To Studies Of Biological And Organic Materials  

SciTech Connect

The primary focus of the grant is the development of new x-ray detectors for biological and materials work at synchrotron sources, especially Pixel Array Detectors (PADs), and the training of students via research applications to problems in biophysics and materials science using novel x-ray methods. This Final Progress Report provides a high-level overview of the most important accomplishments. These major areas of accomplishment include: (1) Development and application of x-ray Pixel Array Detectors; (2) Development and application of methods of high pressure x-ray crystallography as applied to proteins; (3) Studies on the synthesis and structure of novel mesophase materials derived from block co-polymers.

Gruner, Sol

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

54

Synthetic HDL created  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists at Northwestern University (Evanston, Illinois, USA) have created a promising new weapon-synthetic high-density lipoprotein (HDL), the "good" cholesterol-that could help fight chronically high cholesterol levels. Synthetic HDL created ...

55

Petri Nets for Systems and Synthetic Biology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heiner,M. Gilbert,D.R. Donaldson,R. In M Bernardo, P Degano, and G Zavattaro (Eds.): SFM 2008, Springer LNCS 5016, 2008. pp 215â??264 Springer

Heiner, M.; Gilbert, D.R.; Donaldson, R.

56

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Structural Biology The...

57

Organization Chart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Mission Organization Staff - Organization Chart About Us Bob Cottingham, 865-241-0554 Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Meghan Drake 865-241-8288 Michael...

58

Publications, Personnel and Government Organizations Related to the Limnology, Aquatic Biology and Ichthyology of the Inland Waters of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is the result of a growing concern about the rate at which development of the water resources of Texas is outstripping biological and ecological knowledge of the aquatic environments concerned. Most Texas streams are already much modified by present impoundments, diversions, and pollution. The magnitude of proposed future development is evidenced by planning proposals published in 1961 by the Texas Board of Water Engineers (1) and in 1966 by its successor agency, the Texas Water Development Board (2). Although municipal, industrial, and agricultural water requirements currently have a preeminent role in planning water development, recreational considerations are becoming increasingly important. Factors which influence the quality and quantity of the aquatic biota have a profound effect on recreational potential, as well as on water quality aspects of other water uses. Thus far water resource development in Texas has proceeded with little information available on possible biological effects, and only general predictions can be made based on experience elsewhere. If data are going to be available which will enable effective consideration of biological problems to be made in the planning stages of water development projects, there must be sizable increases in the quantity and quality of aquatic research. The taxonomy and distribution of fresh water fishes in Texas are well known, but ecological data are scarce. Our knowledge of the taxonomy, distribution and ecology of other aquatic organisms in Texas is rudimentary. Baseline information giving data on stream populations prior to development modification is meager, in contrast to the abundant physical and chemical data provided by the United States Geological Survey, the Texas Water Development Board and other agencies. Additional research is still needed on many physical and chemical problems, however. The compilation contained herein has two objectives: (1) to be of assistance to those already working in the fields covered and (2) to provide a status report which may encourage and perhaps make easier the entry of new researchers into these fields. Primary emphasis has been placed on compiling the bibliographic material and on the personnel roster. The data on state and federal agencies and on courses offered at colleges and universities became available in the course of the investigation and has been included primarily to assist those new to the field in becoming oriented.

Clark, W.J.

1966-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Kinetics of biological methane oxidation in the presence of non-methane organic compounds in landfill bio-covers  

SciTech Connect

In this experimental program, the effects of non-methane organic compounds (NMOCs) on the biological methane (CH{sub 4}) oxidation process were examined. The investigation was performed on compost experiments incubated with CH{sub 4} and selected NMOCs under different environmental conditions. The selected NMOCs had different concentrations and their effects were tested as single compounds and mixtures of compounds. The results from all experimental sets showed a decrease in CH{sub 4} oxidation capacity of the landfill bio-cover with the increase in NMOCs concentrations. For example, in the experiment using compost with 100% moisture content at 35 deg. C without any NMOCs the V{sub max} value was 35.0 mug CH{sub 4}h{sup -1}g{sub wetwt}{sup -1}. This value was reduced to 19.1 mug CH{sub 4}h{sup -1}g{sub wetwt}{sup -1} when mixed NMOCs were present in the batch reactors under the same environmental conditions. The experimental oxidation rates of CH{sub 4} in the presence of single and mixed NMOCs were modeled using the uncompetitive inhibition model and kinetic parameters, including the dissociation constants, were obtained. Additionally, the degradation rates of the NMOCs and co-metabolic abilities of methanotrophic bacteria were estimated.

Albanna, Muna, E-mail: muna.albanna@gju.edu.j [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur St., Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 (Canada); Warith, Mostafa; Fernandes, Leta [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, 161 Louis Pasteur St., Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 (Canada)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Molecular and Systems Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the molecular function information derived from these studies will enable synthetic biology approaches that modulate the system response by manipulating components of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Synthetic heparin-binding factor analogs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain, and preferably two peptide chains branched from a dipeptide branch moiety composed of two trifunctional amino acid residues, which peptide chain or chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a linker, which may be a hydrophobic linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Glass, John D. (Shoreham, NY)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Synthetic Aperture Radar -- Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Contacts Synthetic Aperture Radar Sandia synthetic aperture radar image of Washington, DC Sandia synthetic aperture radar image of Washington, DC Sandia synthetic...

63

Biological effects of underground nuclear testing on marine organisms. II. Observed effects of Amchitka Island, Alaska, tests on marine fauna  

SciTech Connect

>From conference on the environmental effects of explosives and explosions; White Oak, Maryland, USA (30 May 1973). The biological effects of the Longshot, Milrow, and Cannikin underground nuclear tests at Amchitka lsland, Alaska, on marine mammals, fishes, and birds are summarized. The biological effects observed were related to the water-borne shock waves produced by the explosions. (CH)

Isakson, J.S.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic and Mechanistic Synthetic and Mechanistic publications Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national...

65

Future Synthetic Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 During this presentation, we will give some background on Gas To Liquids - the synthetic fuel used in transport- its beneficial emission properties...

66

Integrating environmental sampling and wildlife biomonitoring in exposure and effects assessment: genotoxins at multiple levels of biological organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecotoxicology studies attempt to evaluate the consequences of exposure to environmental contaminants by defining exposure and effects parameters across multiple levels of biological organization. Genetic markers are well-suited for these studies as they can track both somatic and evolutionary effects. In the studies reported here, connections among contaminant levels in environmental media and biota, in vitro bioassay results, and changes in individual- and population-level biomarkers were explored. Sediment and/or wildlife samples were collected from each of three sites of documented environmental contamination, Sumgayit and Baku in the Republic of Azerbaijan and East Fork Poplar Creek in Tennessee. Sumgayit and Baku are heavily contaminated with petroleum and petrochemical wastes. Sediments from several areas and tissues from turtles inhabiting a contaminated wetland contained high levels of several compounds, including mercury, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticides. Sediment extracts produced variable responses in the Salmonella/microsome mutagenicity assay and did not necessarily reflect contaminant burden. Micronucleus counts in European pond turtles were not statistically different from counts in the same species from an uncontaminated reference site. The counts were statistically correlated with tissue levels of mercury, heptachlor, DDD, hexachlorobenzene, and trans-nonachlor. These results confirmed that Sumgayit and Baku are heavily contaminated with a complex mixture of pollutants and demonstrated that genotoxic effects from exposure to contaminated sediments appear to be slight. East Fork Poplar Creek is a stream that receives contaminant influx from a former Department of Energy nuclear weapons production facility and several point and non-point sources around the city of Oak Ridge, Tennessee. In this study, coefficient of variation in cellular DNA content and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers were examined in central stonerollers and compared to previous studies in which the same markers were evaluated in red-breasted sunfish from the same sites. While assay responses were attenuated in stonerollers compared to the sunfish, there is some evidence of genetic damage in both species at the most contaminated sampling site. A common problem in the wildlife studies was high within sample variability combined with small sample size, which most likely masked potential contaminant-induced differences in markers used in these studies.

Swartz, Carol Dorothea

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Use of thermal analysis techniques (TG-DSC) for the characterization of diverse organic municipal waste streams to predict biological stability prior to land application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal analysis was used to assess stability and composition of organic matter in three diverse municipal waste streams. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results were compared with C mineralization during 90-day incubation, FTIR and {sup 13}C NMR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal analysis reflected the differences between the organic wastes before and after the incubation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The calculated energy density showed a strong correlation with cumulative respiration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conventional and thermal methods provide complimentary means of characterizing organic wastes. - Abstract: The use of organic municipal wastes as soil amendments is an increasing practice that can divert significant amounts of waste from landfill, and provides a potential source of nutrients and organic matter to ameliorate degraded soils. Due to the high heterogeneity of organic municipal waste streams, it is difficult to rapidly and cost-effectively establish their suitability as soil amendments using a single method. Thermal analysis has been proposed as an evolving technique to assess the stability and composition of the organic matter present in these wastes. In this study, three different organic municipal waste streams (i.e., a municipal waste compost (MC), a composted sewage sludge (CS) and a thermally dried sewage sludge (TS)) were characterized using conventional and thermal methods. The conventional methods used to test organic matter stability included laboratory incubation with measurement of respired C, and spectroscopic methods to characterize chemical composition. Carbon mineralization was measured during a 90-day incubation, and samples before and after incubation were analyzed by chemical (elemental analysis) and spectroscopic (infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance) methods. Results were compared with those obtained by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) techniques. Total amounts of CO{sub 2} respired indicated that the organic matter in the TS was the least stable, while that in the CS was the most stable. This was confirmed by changes detected with the spectroscopic methods in the composition of the organic wastes due to C mineralization. Differences were especially pronounced for TS, which showed a remarkable loss of aliphatic and proteinaceous compounds during the incubation process. TG, and especially DSC analysis, clearly reflected these differences between the three organic wastes before and after the incubation. Furthermore, the calculated energy density, which represents the energy available per unit of organic matter, showed a strong correlation with cumulative respiration. Results obtained support the hypothesis of a potential link between the thermal and biological stability of the studied organic materials, and consequently the ability of thermal analysis to characterize the maturity of municipal organic wastes and composts.

Fernandez, Jose M., E-mail: joseman@sas.upenn.edu [Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316 (United States); Plaza, Cesar; Polo, Alfredo [Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 115 dpdo., 28006 Madrid (Spain); Plante, Alain F. [Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Print Organization Print 2012-12 org chart A complete ALS organization chart (June 2013) is available in PDF. Appointed and elected members of advisory panels provide guidance to Berkeley Lab and ALS management in developing the ALS scientific and user programs. ALS Staff Photo staff photo thumb Click on the image to see a recent photo of ALS staff in front of the dome. The photo was taken on May 14, 2013. ALS Management and Advisory Team Steve Kevan, Deputy Division Director, Science Michael J. Banda, Deputy Division Director, Operations Robert W. Schoenlein, Senior Staff Scientist, Next Generation Light Source Initiative Janos Kirz, Scientific Advisor Paul Adams, Division Deputy for Biosciences ALS Scientific, Technical, and User Support Groups Accelerator Physics

69

Synthetic Control of Organic Semiconductor Excited States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Al architecture. Indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) coated glassTiO 2 /Polymer/Al. Indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) coated glassAl architecture. Indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) coated glass

Clem, Tabitha Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Synthetic Control of Organic Semiconductor Excited States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

overlap with the solar spectrum seen for high-performingoverlap with the AM 1.5 solar spectrum, but the materialsoverlap with the solar spectrum. In light of its superior

Clem, Tabitha Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Biodegradable synthetic bone composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides for a biodegradable synthetic bone composition comprising a biodegradable hydrogel polymer scaffold comprising a plurality of hydrolytically unstable linkages, and an inorganic component; such as a biodegradable poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate)/hydroxyapatite (pHEMA/HA) hydrogel composite possessing mineral content approximately that of human bone.

Liu, Gao; Zhao, Dacheng; Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

An attempt to reveal a role of a transcription/translation feedback loop in the cyanobacterial KaiC protein-based circadian system by using a semi-synthetic method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of synthetic biology to design artificial gene circuits is an important approach for understanding the principles underlying the complicated dynamic behaviours of biomolecular networks, such as genetic switching and biological rhythms. The synthetic ... Keywords: E coli, Escherichia coli, KaiC, OmpC, SasA, bioinformatics, circadian clock, circadian rhythms, cyanobacterial circadian system, experimental design, synthetic biology, transcription feedback

Hirokazu Tozaki; Taiichiro Kobe; Kazuyuki Aihara; Hideo Iwasaki

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Computational Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Biology BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Computational...

74

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Biology BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Environmental...

75

Biological effects of underground nuclear testing on marine organisms. I. Review of documented shock effects, discussion of mechanisms of damage, and predictions of Amchitka test effects  

SciTech Connect

From conference on the environmental effects of explosives and explosions; White Oak, Maryland, USA (30 May 1973). The potential mechanisms of biological damage to fish resulting from a nuclear-induced shock wave appear to involve mechanical damage from bottom acceleration and rockspall; the synergistic effect of compression to decompression producing the mechanical expansion of gas spaces within the organism; effects of cavitation; and possibly the alteration of blood constituents. The indirect effects of the shock wave should also be considered in a truly ecological approach. Loss of fish or other marine organisms may reduce food resources for other species and place an unusual stress upon the community's food web and increased predation created by the influx of a formerly minor constituent may also be a real consideration. The determinants of biological damage involve the anatomical morphology, the ecological characteristics of the various members of the fish community, and the physical characteristics of the environment as produced by the introduced shock wave. (auth)

Simenstad, C.A.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic aperture radar interferometry is an imaging technique for measuring the topography of a surface, its changes over time, and other changes in the detailed characteristics of the surface. By exploiting the phase of the coherent radar signal, interferometry has transformed radar remote sensing from a largely interpretive science to a quantitative tool, with applications in cartography, geodesy, land cover characterization, and natural hazards. This paper reviews the techniques of interferometry, systems and limitations, and applications in a rapidly growing area of science and engineering.

Paul A. Rosen; Scott Hensley; Ian R. Joughin; Fuk K. Li; Søren N. Madsen; Senior Member; Ernesto Rodríguez; Richard M. Goldstein

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Synthetic gene design with a large number of hidden stops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hidden stops are nucleotide triples TAA, TAG and TGA that appear on the second and third reading frames of a protein coding gene. Recent studies suggested the important role of hidden stops in preventing misread of mRNA. We study the problem of designing ... Keywords: back translation, bioinformatics, codons, gene design, hidden stops, mRNA, protein coding genes, synthetic biology

Vinhthuy Phan; Sudip Saha; Ashutosh Pandey; Tit-Yee Wong

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Synthetic fuels: production and products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A brief primer on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat, and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. References for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper.

Singh, S.P.N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Synthetic fuels: production and products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A brief review on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. Because the subject is vast and the space is limited, references for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper. 24 references.

Singh, S.P.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Integrated Omics in Systems Biology: The New Frontier for Environmental Biotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

community. Molecular Systems Biology 3:92 250µM H 2 O 2 0pipelines for systems biology •? Integrated data capture,devices, chassis for synthetic biology Comparative Genomics

Hazen, Terry C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: RADIANCE Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: radsite.lbl.gov/radiance/ Cost: Free References: Radiance[1] Logo: RADIANCE RADIANCE is a highly accurate ray-tracing software system for UNIX computers that is licensed at no cost in source form. Radiance was developed with primary support from the U.S. Department Of Energy and additional support from the Swiss Federal Government. Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. Input files specify the scene geometry, materials, luminaires,time, date

82

Synthetic skins with humanlike warmth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic skins with humanlike characteristics, such as a warm touch, may be able to ease the social stigma associated with the use of prosthetic hands by enabling the user to conceal its usage during social touching situations. Similarly for social ... Keywords: prosthetics, rehabilitation robotics, social robotics, synthetic skin, warm skin

John-John Cabibihan; Rangarajan Jegadeesan; Saba Salehi; Shuzhi Sam Ge

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

SC e-journals, Biology/Genetics  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Biology/Genetics Biology/Genetics ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP) ACS Chemical Biology ACS Synthetic Biology Acta Biotheoretica Acta Neuropathologica Advances in Bioinformatics - OAJ Advances in Health Sciences Education Agriculture and Human Values Agroforestry Systems American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science - OAJ American Journal of Medical Genetics Amino Acids Analyst Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Analytical Biochemistry Anatomical Record, The Anatomy and Embryology Angiogenesis Animal Biology Animal Cognition Annals of The ICRP Annual Review of Biochemistry Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering Annual Review of Biophysics Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology Annual Review of Entomology Annual Review of Genetics Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics

84

Green Pacific Biologicals Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"Green Pacific Biologicals, Inc." Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGreenPacificBiologicalsInc&oldid346039" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations...

85

Slurry growth and gas retention in synthetic Hanford waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work seeks to establish chemical and physical processes responsible for the generation and retention of gases within waste from a particular high-level waste tank on the Hanford Site, Tank 101-SY, through the use of synthetic wastes on a laboratory scale. The goal of these activities is to support the development of mitigation/remediation strategies for Tank 101-SY. Laboratory studies of aged synthetic waste have shown that gas generation occurs thermally at a significant level at current tank temperatures. Gas compositions include the same gases produced in actual tank waste, primarily N{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O, and H{sub 2}. Gas stoichiometries have been shown to be greatly influenced by several organic and inorganic constituents within the synthetic waste. Retention of gases in the synthetic waste is in the form of bubble attachment to solid particles.

Bryan, S.A.; Pederson, L.R.; Scheele, R.D.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Slurry growth and gas retention in synthetic Hanford waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work seeks to establish chemical and physical processes responsible for the generation and retention of gases within waste from a particular high-level waste tank on the Hanford Site, Tank 101-SY, through the use of synthetic wastes on a laboratory scale. The goal of these activities is to support the development of mitigation/remediation strategies for Tank 101-SY. Laboratory studies of aged synthetic waste have shown that gas generation occurs thermally at a significant level at current tank temperatures. Gas compositions include the same gases produced in actual tank waste, primarily N[sub 2], N[sub 2]O, and H[sub 2]. Gas stoichiometries have been shown to be greatly influenced by several organic and inorganic constituents within the synthetic waste. Retention of gases in the synthetic waste is in the form of bubble attachment to solid particles.

Bryan, S.A.; Pederson, L.R.; Scheele, R.D.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry » Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry » Synthetic and Mechanistic Synthetic and Mechanistic publications Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Get Expertise Dave Thorn Chemistry Program Manager Email Josh Smith Chemistry Communications Email "Research into alternative forms of energy, of which biofuels is a key component, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Energy security is vital to our future national security and the efficient functioning of our market economy." -LANL Director Charles McMillan Harshini Mukundan, Hongzhi Xie, Aaron S. Anderson, W. Kevin Grace, John E. Shively, and Basil I. Swanson, "Optimizing a waveguide-based sandwich immunoassay for tumor biomarkers: Evaluating fluorescent labels and functional surfaces," Bioconjugate Chemistry 20(2), 222-230 (2009).

88

SYNTHETIC SLING FAILURE - EVALUATIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The information and evaluations provided in this report were compiled to address the recurring problem of synthetic sling failure. As safety is the number one priority in all work aspects, a solution must be devised to prevent accidents from occurring. A total of thirteen cases regarding synthetic sling failure were evaluated in order to determine their causes, effects, and preventative measures. From the collected data, it was found that all cases in which the synthetic sling contacted the edge of its load resulted in sling failure. It is required that adequate synthetic sling protection devices be used to protect slings in any lift where the sling comes in direct contact with the edge or corner of its load. However, there are no consensus codes or standards stating the type, material, or purpose of the type of protective device used to protect the sling from being cut. Numerous industry standards and codes provide vague descriptions on how to protect synthetic slings. Without a clear, concise statement of how to protect synthetic slings, it is common for inadequate materials and sling protection devices to be used in an attempt to meet the intent of these requirements. The use of an inadequate sling protection device is the main cause of synthetic sling failure in all researched cases. Commercial sling protection devices come in many shapes and sizes, and have a variety of names, as well as advertised uses. 'Abrasion pads' and 'wear protectors' are two different names for products with the same intended purpose. There is no distinguishable way to determine the extent of sling protection which these devices will provide, or what specific scenarios they are made for. This creates room for error in a field where error is unacceptable. This report provides a recommended action for hoisting and rigging activities which require synthetic slings to contact a load, as well as recommended changes to industry standards which will benefit overall industry safety.

MACKEY TC; HENDERSON CS

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

89

Synthetic Metabolism: Engineering Biology at the Protein and Pathway Scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocatalysis has become a powerful tool for the synthesis of high-value compounds, particularly so in the case of highly functionalized and/or stereoactive products. Nature has supplied thousands of enzymes and assembled ...

Martin, Collin H.

90

Reprogramming alkaloid biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus : synthetic biology in plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The medicinal plant Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) produces over 130 monoterpene indole alkaloid (MIA) natural products. Many of these compounds have pharmaceutical value, such as the anticancer agents vinblastine ...

Runguphan, Weerawat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Bromotyrosine-derived natural products: synthetic and biological studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

propylphosphonic anhydride Ts para-toluenesulfonyl UV ultraviolet V Volt(s) VBPO vanadium bromoperoxidase VT variable temperature v/v volume to volume w weak w/w weight to weight Xphos 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2?,4?,6?-triisopropylbiphenyl Z...

Shearman, James

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

7th Annual Systems Biology Symposium: Systems Biology and Engineering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Systems biology recognizes the complex multi-scale organization of biological systems, from molecules to ecosystems. The International Symposium on Systems Biology has been hosted by the Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle, Washington, since 2002. The annual two-day event gathers the most influential researchers transforming biology into an integrative discipline investingating complex systems. Engineering and application of new technology is a central element of systems biology. Genome-scale, or very small-scale, biological questions drive the enigneering of new technologies, which enable new modes of experimentation and computational analysis, leading to new biological insights and questions. Concepts and analytical methods in engineering are now finding direct applications in biology. Therefore, the 2008 Symposium, funded in partnership with the Department of Energy, featured global leaders in "Systems Biology and Engineering."

Galitski, Timothy P.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: An Evaluation of the State of the Field in 2002 A BioSync Report. Issued by the Structural Biology Synchrotron users Organization, October, 2002. 2 Table of Contents: Introduction .................................................................................................... 3 Abbreviations .................................................................................................. 5 Executive Summary ......................................................................................... 6 General Concerns ............................................................................................ 9 Synchrotron operations and maintenance ............................................... 9 NSLS, CHESS and the geographical distribution of beam lines

94

Biology basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology basics Name: lamb Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: What basic knowledge concerning biology do you think a colleg- bound HS...

95

Future Prospects of Synthetic Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important for the future of this nation to reach the goal of demonstrated definition and quantification of the parameters which influence the ability to use this country's vast resources of coal and oil shale for production of synthetic fuels which can contribute to the nation's future energy needs. Those parameters are: technical, environmental, and economic viability. In the final analysis, the key word is economics; can, or when can synthetic fuels compete in the marketplace? A commercial synthetic fuels plant requires a multi-billion dollar capital investment. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss the risk elements of a synthetic fuels venture and to speculate on what impact the current environment, e.g. governmental policy, world crude market prices, and general economic climate may have on the timetable for achievement of the aforementioned goal. In June 1980 the author presented a paper at the AIChE Meeting in Philadelphia, Pa. entitled 'Synthetic Fuels - Their Problems and Their Promises.' The opening paragraph of that paper started as follows: 'For three decades, since the days of World War II, a U.S. synthetic fuels industry has several times verged on becoming a reality but never succeeding, the ups and downs resembling a sine wave of variable frequency. As of this writing we are at the crest of the wave. Is this the time it will happen? For the good of the nation hopefully the answer will be yes.' It is the purpose of this paper, some 20 months later, to examine what has transpired in that time interval and to speculate, in the light of those events, about their impact on the likelihood of the answer still being 'yes' and on the timing as to when it may occur. To set the stage for consideration of the importance of recent events and to put them in perspective, it is necessary to return again to the earlier paper where some of the impediments to the establishment of a U.S. synfuels industry were discussed. In essence what was said was that the principal impediments were: economic, environmental, and regulatory, and since both the economic and regulatory aspects exert some direct and/or indirect influence on cost, the problem really reduced to the single most important factor--project economics. Synthetic fuels simply are expensive to produce!

Fryback, M. G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery -- Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery Sandia has collected and real-time processed over 400,000 synthetic aperture radar images. The following is a selection of imagery available for...

97

Synthetic LDL as targeted drug delivery vehicle  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a synthetic LDL nanoparticle comprising a lipid moiety and a synthetic chimeric peptide so as to be capable of binding the LDL receptor. The synthetic LDL nanoparticle of the present invention is capable of incorporating and targeting therapeutics to cells expressing the LDL receptor for diseases associated with the expression of the LDL receptor such as central nervous system diseases. The invention further provides methods of using such synthetic LDL nanoparticles.

Forte, Trudy M. (Berkeley, CA); Nikanjam, Mina (Richmond, CA)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals can simultaneously have a large Seebeck coefficient, high electrical conductivity, and low thermal conductivity. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials can enable improved thermoelectric devices, such as thermoelectric generators and coolers, with improved performance. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials and devices can be fabricated using techniques that are compatible with standard microelectronics.

El-Kady, Ihab F; Olsson, Roy H; Hopkins, Patrick; Reinke, Charles; Kim, Bongsang

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

Fusion reactors for synthetic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Some of the types of processes now being considered for synthetic fuels production from fusion energy, together with an example of each type are listed. The process efficiency is defined as the chemical energy in the generated hydrogen (at the higher heating value (HHV)) divided by the total fusion energy release, including alpha particles and secondary neutron reactions in the blanket. Except where specifically noted, both high and low temperature blanket heats are counted as part of total fusion energy release.

Powell, J.R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Synthetic Genomics: Options for Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gene and genome synthesis, that is, constructing long stretches of DNA from constituent chemicals, provides scientists with new and unparalleled capabilities both for understanding biology and for using it for beneficial ...

Garfinkel, Michele

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Biological Surety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

o Identifies the purpose, concept, and responsibilities for the biological surety program (chap 1). o Identifies the following: procedures for requesting exceptions and waivers to biological surety policies; procedures for initiating and terminating surety status; and requirements for surety officers and surety boards (paras 1-5e, 1-6, and 1-7). o Establishes procedures for the biological personnel reliability program

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Environmental data energy technology characterizations: synthetic fuels  

SciTech Connect

Environmental Data Energy Technology Characterizations are publications which are intended to provide policy analysts and technical analysts with basic environmental data associated with key energy technologies. This publication provides documentation on synthetic fuels (coal-derived and oil shale). The transformation of the energy in coal and oil shale into a more useful form is described in this publication in terms of major activity areas in the synthetic fuel cycles, that is, in terms of activities which produce either an energy product or a fuel leading to the production of an energy product in a different form. The activities discussed in this document are coal liquefaction, coal gasification, in-situ gasification, and oil shales. These activities represent both well-documented and advanced activity areas. The former activities are characterized in terms of actual operating data with allowance for future modification where appropriate. Emissions are assumed to conform to environmental standards. The advanced activity areas examined are those like coal liquefaction and in-situ retorting of oil shale. For these areas, data from pilot or demonstration plants were used where available; otherwise, engineering studies provided the data. The organization of the chapters in this volume is designed to support the tabular presentation in the summary volume. Each chapter begins with a brief description of the activity under consideration. The standard characteristics, size, availability, mode of functioning and place in the fuel cycle are presented. Next, major legislative and/or technological factors influencing the commercial operation of the activity are offered. Discussions of resources consumed, residuals produced, and economics follow. To aid in comparing and linking the different activity areas, data for each area are normalized to 10/sup 12/ Btu of energy output from the activity.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Synthetic carbonaceous fuels and feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to the use of a three compartment electrolytic cell in the production of synthetic carbonaceous fuels and chemical feedstocks such as gasoline, methane and methanol by electrolyzing an aqueous sodium carbonate/bicarbonate solution, obtained from scrubbing atmospheric carbon dioxide with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, whereby the hydrogen generated at the cathode and the carbon dioxide liberated in the center compartment are combined thermocatalytically into methanol and gasoline blends. The oxygen generated at the anode is preferably vented into the atmosphere, and the regenerated sodium hydroxide produced at the cathode is reused for scrubbing the CO.sub.2 from the atmosphere.

Steinberg, Meyer (Huntington Station, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Nutrient Management Using Compost in Organic Bell Pepper Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fertility management in organic vegetable production systems relies on the use of non- synthetic sources such as compost, manure, and approved fertilizers. Compost is a… (more)

Cook, Emily

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Definition: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) utilizes SAR images from two different time periods to generate maps of surface deformation. The technique can potentially measure millimeter-scale changes in the Earth's surface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As InSAR, IfSAR Related Terms Synthetic Aperture Radar, radar, sustainability References ↑ Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry to Measure Earth's Surface Topography and Its Deformation (Burgmann et al. 2000) ↑ Improved Visulaization of Satellite Radar InSAR Observed Structural Controls at Producing Geothermal Field Using Modeled Horizontal Surface Displacements(Opplinger et al. 2006)

106

Method of producing synthetic pitch  

SciTech Connect

Embodiments of a method are described for modifying pitches, oils, tars, and binders by using these materials as solvents to extract organic chemicals from coal.

Kennel, Elliot B. (Morgantown, WV); Stansberry, Peter G. (North Olmsted, OH); Stiller, Alfred H. (Morgantown, WV); Zondlo, John W. (Albright, WV)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

107

Synthetic Genomics Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Synthetic Genomics Inc. Place La Jolla, California Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy Product California-based company planning to create new types of...

108

Huckleberry Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Huckleberry Biology Name: Katarina Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Where are huckleberries grown in Illionois and New Jersey? Do you know the names of farms and...

109

EMSL: Science: Biological Interactions and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Interactions and Dynamics Cryo-transmission electron microscope image of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Understanding and optimizing the response of organisms and...

110

Molecular and Systems Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular and Systems Biology BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne...

111

Gars Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gars Biology Name: ryan Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: what kind of fish is a gar? where it lives(fresh or salt water)? what does it eat? what is its protection? is...

112

Easy biology?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Easy biology? Name: bobber Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: I am a freshman in high school. Although I am not taking science this year, I...

113

Hummingbird Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hummingbird Biology Name: Carrie Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: I am interested in the eggs of hummingbirds. We ate at the YMCA of the Ozarks today and they have...

114

Guidelines for Using Synthetic Slings for Lifting and Rigging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Guidelines for Using Synthetic Slings for Lifting and Rigging" provides nuclear and fossil maintenance personnel with information on the use of synthetic slings. This information will assist personnel in the identification, protection, and inspection of synthetic slings.

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

BNL | Computational Biology & Bioinformatics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Biology & Bioinformatics Computational Biology and Bioinformatics groups focuses on quantitative predictive models of complex biological systems and their underlying...

116

Definition: Synthetic Aperture Radar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aperture Radar Aperture Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Synthetic Aperture Radar Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is an active microwave remote sensing technology that measures the phase difference between a radar wave emitted from an antennae attached to a satellite or aircraft to generate high-resolution images of a surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As SAR Related Terms radar References ↑ Synthetic Aperature Radar: Systems and Signal Processing (Curlander and McDonough - 1991 - book) fue LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. l cell, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Synthetic_Aperture_Radar&oldid=493069" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes

117

Bio-Synthetic Wall Systems Visualization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bio-Synthetic Wall Systems Visualization Speaker(s): Maria-Paz Gutierrez Date: December 16, 2008 - 10:00am Location: 90-3075 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Michael Donn...

118

The Synthetic Dual-Doppler Analysis Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic dual-Doppler (SDD) is a single-Doppler analysis technique that combines measurements from two different times, provided the viewing angle changes significantly. In this study, the viability of the SDD technique is investigated through ...

Brian A. Klimowski; John D. Marwitz

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Predatory sequence learning for synthetic characters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The process of mammalian predatory sequence development offers a number of insights relevant to the goal of designing synthetic characters that can quickly and easily learn complicated and interesting behavior. We propose ...

Berlin, Matthew Roberts, 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effects of Mine Waste Contamination on Fish and Wildlife Habitat at Multiple Levels of Biological Organization in the Methow River, 2001-2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A three-year multidisciplinary study was conducted on the relationship between mine waste contamination and the effects on aquatic and terrestrial habitats in the Methow River below abandoned mines near Twisp in Okanogan County, Washington (U.S.A.). Ore deposits in the area were mined for gold, silver, copper and zinc until the early 1950's. An above-and-below-mine approach was used to study potentially impacted sites. Although the dissolved metal content of water in the Methow River was below the limits of detection, eleven chemicals of potential environmental concern were identified in the tailings, mine effluents, groundwater, streamwater and sediments (Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Se and Zn). The potential for ecosystem level impacts was reflected in the risk of contamination in the mine waste to communities and populations that are valued for their functional properties related to energy storage and nutrient cycling. Dissolved and sediment metal contamination changed the benthic insect community structure in a tributary of the Methow River below Alder Mine, and at the population level, caddisfly larval development in the Methow River was delayed. Arsenic accumulation in bear hair and Cd in fish liver suggest top predators are effected. In situ exposure of juvenile triploid trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to conditions at the downstream site resulted in reduced growth and increased mortality among exposed individuals. Histopathological studies of their tissues revealed extensive glycogen inclusions suggesting food is being converted into glycogen and stored in the liver but the glycogen is not being converted back normally into glucose for distribution to other tissues in the body. Subcellular observations revealed mitochondrial changes including a decrease in the number and increase in the size of electron-dense metrical granules, the presence of glycogen bodies in the cytoplasm, and glycogen nuclei in exposed trout hepatocytes, which are signs that Type IV Glycogen Storage disease is occurring. GSD IV is caused by either a deficiency or inactivation of the glycogen branching enzyme that results in the synthesis of an abnormal glycogen molecule that is insoluble and has decreased branch points and increased chain length. These results show that the effects of mine waste contaminants can be expressed at all levels of organization from molecular to ecosystem-level responses.

Peplow, Dan; Edmonds, Robert.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Synthetic and alternate fuels characterization. Final report, 31 August 1981-31 January 1988  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Diesel fuels derived from petroleum and synthetic sources were compared chemically and toxicologically to address the issue of whether a changeover of mobility fuels from natural to synthetic sources might be accompanied by greater or different toxicological hazards to military personnel. Diesel fuels derived from petroleum, shale oil, tar sands, and tar sands/petroleum coprocessing were compared for major organic composition, 4-6 ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dermal tumorigens, major organic compounds in their inhalable volatiles, mouse dermal tumorigenicity and promoting activity. The data base was expanded by a similar comparison of petroleum- and coal-derived fuels for the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE). The results suggest that highly refined and finished mobility fuels from synthetic or alternate sources will not pose a significantly greater toxicological hazard than current petroleum-based fuels. Toxicological differences are likely to be subtle.

Griest, W.H.; Guerin, M.R.; Smith, L.H.; Witschi, H.P.; Higgins, C.E.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Radiation chemistry of synthetic waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The yield of H{sub 2} from radiolysis of aqueous solutions is substantially reduced by the presence of nitrate and nitrite in the waste solutions. Nitrate is more efficient in scavenging the precursors to H{sub 2} than is nitrite, therefore, the latter should be maintained at higher levels if minimization of radiolytic gas production is required. Nitrate is the major scavenger for e{sub aq}{sup {minus}} and nitrite is the major scavenger for H atoms. At the concentration levels of the waste solutions some fraction of the radiation energy will be absorbed directly by the solutes, primarily the nitrate/nitrite components. Organic additive will increase the generation of H{sub 2} and mechanistic information is available to allow predictive modeling of trends in the rate of the generation. Physical parameters such as temperature, viscosity, and pressure will not significantly affect the gas generation relative to its generation under normal conditions. Radiolytic generation of N{sub 2}O is very inefficient in the absence of organic solutes. No mechanistic information is available on its generation in the presence of organic additives. At the concentration levels of the inorganic salts in the waste solutions, it will be very difficult to find a chemical additive that could efficiently reduce the yield of the generated H{sub 2}, except, perhaps, increasing the concentration of the nitrite/nitrate components.

Meisel, D.; Diamond, H.; Horwitz, E.P.; Jonah, C.D.; Matheson, M.S.; Sauer, M.C. Jr.; Sullivan, J.C.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Biological preconcentrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A biological preconcentrator comprises a stimulus-responsive active film on a stimulus-producing microfabricated platform. The active film can comprise a thermally switchable polymer film that can be used to selectively absorb and desorb proteins from a protein mixture. The biological microfabricated platform can comprise a thin membrane suspended on a substrate with an integral resistive heater and/or thermoelectric cooler for thermal switching of the active polymer film disposed on the membrane. The active polymer film can comprise hydrogel-like polymers, such as poly(ethylene oxide) or poly(n-isopropylacrylamide), that are tethered to the membrane. The biological preconcentrator can be fabricated with semiconductor materials and technologies.

Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Bunker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM); Huber, Dale L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

124

Biological Evaluation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biological Evaluation Biological Evaluation for the Proposed United States Army Military Training Activities on the Savannah River Site Department of the Army - Fort Gordon Range Control - Directorate of Plans, Training, Mobilization, and Security Location: Aiken, Allendale, and Barnwell Counties, SC., Savannah River Site Contact Person: Donald S. McLean, 706-840-5522 / 706-791-2422 Submitted by Fort Gordon Range Control Training Facility Coordinator (DPTMS) Prepared By: ___________________________________________________________________ Donald S. McLean, Training Facility Coordinator Fort Gordon Georgia Date: 2 Table of Contents Summary, Page 4 Introduction, Page 6 Project Description, Page 6 Purpose and Need for Proposed Action, Page 7

125

Five synthetic rubber pond liners protect against leakage and weather  

SciTech Connect

More than 137 million cu ft of pipeline quality gas is produced daily at the Great Plains Coal Gasification Project in Beulah, ND. The facility is the only commercial plant in the US which produces gaseous and liquid fuels from low-grade coal. The plant needs to recycle and reuse 100% of the organic process wastewater, requiring a complicated treatment system of cooling towers, evaporators, a liquid waste incinerator and other units, each of which has its own surge pond. In total, the plant has five surge ponds which hold near 80 million gallons. To prevent the seepage of wastewater from the surge ponds into the ground water, a liner material was needed that would fulfill several design criteria. The liner had to be resistant to degradation caused by a very wide range of temperatures and it had to have a low coefficient of expansion. Resistance to both organic and inorganic chemical substances was another key requirement. Finally, the liner material needed to be easy to seam during field installation. An elastomeric membrane liner using the synthetic rubber and reinforcing polyester scrim best met the plant's requirements. One of the primary reasons for selecting synthetic rubber was its low coefficient of expansion. Extreme seasonal weather conditions, with temperatures ranging from below zero in the winter to over 100/sup 0/F in the summer, are common in North Dakota. And because the level of wastewater in the ponds constantly varies, a liner is frequently exposed to the elements. Overall, the synthetic rubber pond liners have performed through extreme weather conditions and have proven to be a cost-effective solution to wastewater storage at the gasification project.

Weinreich, G.; Hofsess, R.; Toy, D.A.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Photoinitiated electron transfer in multichromophoric species: Synthetic tetrads and pentads  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project involves the design, synthesis and study of molecules which mimic some of the important aspects of photosynthetic electron and energy transfer. This research project is leading to a better understanding of the energy conserving steps of photosynthesis via the study of synthetic model systems which abstract features of the natural photosynthetic apparatus. The knowledge gained from these studies will aid in the design of artificial photosynthetic reaction centers which employ the basic chemistry and physics of photosynthesis to help meet mankind`s energy needs. The approach to artificial photosynthesis employed in this project is to use synthetic pigments, electron donors, and electron acceptors similar to those found in biological reaction centers, but to replace the protein component with covalent bonds. These chemical linkages determine the electronic coupling between the various moieties by controlling separation, relative orientation, and overlap of electronic orbitals. The model systems are designed to mimic the following aspects of natural photosynthetic electron transfer: electron donation from a tetrapyrrole excited single state, electron transfer between tetrapyrroles, electron transfer from tetrapyrroles to quinones, and electron transfer between quinones with different redox properties. In addition, they mimic carotenoid antenna function in photosynthesis (singlet-singlet energy transfer from carotenoid polyenes to chlorophyll) and carotenoid photoprotection from singlet oxygen damage (triplet-triplet energy transfer from chlorophyll to carotenoids).

NONE

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Shrinking selves in synthetic sites: Onpersonhood in a Walt Disney World  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this essay we show how certain tendencies of the self are enhanced and hindered by technologically organized places. We coordinate a cognitive and behavioral technology for the control of personal identity with the technologically totalized environments ... Keywords: Csikszentmihalyi, self, self-shrinkage, synthetic sites

Charles W. Harvey; Carol Zibell

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Biological clock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological clock Biological clock Name: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does a person's biological clock work? Replies: I believe there's a region or gland in the brain that regulates biological clocks. This region or gland senses the environment's day/night cycle. I'm afraid I don't know much more than that. Hope this helps. --- jade No one knows for sure how any circadian (nearly 24 hour-in Latin) clock works. Some interesting facts, though. The pineal gland in the brain is important. Although shifting the day-night cycle can shift the clock, the clock runs on its own without any dark-light cues. So it seems to be a natural chemical clock with a cycle nearly, but not exactly at 24 hours, which is entrained by the 24 hour day-night cycle. There are neurons in lower animals which can be kept alive alone, isolate from the nervous system and from any light-dark cues, that show electrical activity on a near-24-hours cycle

129

(Theory of relative biological effectiveness)  

SciTech Connect

Research continued on relative biological effectiveness, in the following areas: radial distribution of dose about the path of an energetic heavy ion; the response of E. Coli mutants to ionizing radiations; the application of a fragmentation model to to the calculation of cell survival and mutation with heavy ion beams; biological radiation effects from gamma radiation and heavy ion beams on organisms; cancer induction in the Harderian Gland by HZE particles; and effects of low dose radiations. (CBS)

Katz, R.

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Grasshopper Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grasshopper Biology Grasshopper Biology Name: s. Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: My son found a grasshopper and put it in a fish bowl with cover, and we need to know what to feed it? we have it some lettuce and apple and a bit of water. Replies: Sounds ok so far, most any kind of green plant should be ok, doubt it will pay too much attention to the water. Don't expect it to live very long though. J. Elliott Hello, Grasshoppers eat green vegetation of various kinds. They especially love tall grass. The greener the better. Clip a variety of plants from a nearby unmowed ditch or vacant lot and place them in a short container of water and place the container of water and plants in your fish bowl. The grasshopper will "eat it up". Wayne Vanderploeg River Trail Nature Center

131

Biology Department Organization Chart - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 10, 2009 Please forward all questions about this site to: Denise Monteleone DOE, Office of Science...

132

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Membrane Protein Membrane Protein Expression System BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Membrane Protein Engineering Membrane protein expression system The cell membrane serves as the interface between an organism and its environment, and internal membranes in eukaryotes separate functional compartments within cells. Proteins inserted in these membranes carry out many essential biological processes including uptake of nutrients, excretion of wastes, signal transduction, and response to external stimuli. In addition, membrane proteins are used in elaborate bioenergetic schemes to fuel all normal cellular activities in healthy organisms. In this post-genomic era, about 35% of the genes in any genome encode membrane proteins. The fraction of proteins associated with the membrane in eukaryotes may be even higher (up to 40%). Notably, membrane proteins constitute the majority of drug targets, thus knowledge of the structures of these proteins would contribute greatly to our understanding of biological processes. Unfortunately, structural information for membrane proteins is exceedingly scarce. It is notoriously difficult to purify quantities of native material that are sufficient for crystallization attempts. As a result, to date, the three-dimensional structures of ~60 unique transmembrane proteins are known in comparison to the structures of representatives of more than ~4000 soluble protein families.

133

Structure of the surface of synthetic titanosilica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ESCA), high-resolution NMR (on /sup 29/Si nuclei), and mass spectrometry have been used to investigate a synthetic titanosilica (TS) containing 28-37% titanium dioxide. It has been found that titanium siloxane bonds can form in synthetic TS, regardless of the fact that silicon-oxygen polyhedra predominate in the surface layer. The presence of titanium ions in the surface layer of TS leads to its significant rearrangement; this reduces significantly the concentration of centers for the strong adsorption of water.

Zarko, V.I.; Brei, V.V.; Chuiko, A.A.; Gorlov, Y.I.; Kozub, G.M.; Senkevich, A.I.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biology reflective assessment curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penick, J. E. (1998). Biology: A community context. Newof a standards-based high school biology curriculum.The American Biology Teacher Li, J. , Klahr, D. , & Siler,

Bayley, Cheryl Ann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Biology at Berkeley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper Series Martin Trow, BIOLOGY AT BERKELEY BibliographyCalifornia, Berkeley. Internal Biology Review Committee. (ishi.lib.berkeley.edu/cshe/ BIOLOGY AT BERKELEY: A Case

Trow, Martin A

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Educational Molecular Biology Games  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology Games Do you have a great game? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Games: Biology Games fom biologyjunction.com Biology Games fom biologyjunction.com...

137

NEWTON's Molecular Biology Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology Videos Do you have a great molecular biology video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: University of Berkeley - Molecular Biology Lectures University...

138

Systems Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioenergy Biological Interfaces Computational Biology and KBase Environmental Biology Genomic Sciences Structural Biology Collaborative University Research Transportation Clean...

139

2010 Tetrapyrroles, Chemistry & Biology of Gordon Research Conference  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Chemistry & Biology of Tetrapyrroles Gordon Conference is to bring together researchers from diverse disciplines that otherwise would not interact. By bringing biologists, chemists, engineers and clinicians with a common interest in tetrapyrroles the conference provides a forum for cross-disciplinary ideas and collaboration. The perspective provided by biologists, chemists, and clinicians working in fields such as newly discovered defects in human porphyrin metabolism, the myriad of strategies for light harvesting in photosynthetic organisms, novel tetrapyrroles that serve as auxiliary chromophores or enzyme cofactors, synthetic strategies in the design of novel tetrapyrrole scaffolds, and tetrapyrrole based cell signaling and regulatory systems, makes this conference unique in the field. Over the years the growing evidence for the role of tetrapyrroles and their reactive intermediates in cell signaling and regulation has been of increasing importance at this conference. The 2010 conference on Chemistry & Biology of Tetrapyrroles will focus on many of these new frontiers as outlined in the preliminary program listed. Speakers will emphasize unpublished results and new findings in the field. The oral sessions will be followed by the highly interactive afternoon poster sessions. The poster sessions provide all conferees with the opportunity to present their latest research and to exchange ideas in a more informal setting. As in the past, this opportunity will continue during the nightly social gathering that takes place in the poster hall following the evening lectures. All conferees are encouraged to submit and present posters. At the conference the best poster in the areas of biology, chemistry and medicine will be selected by a panel of previous conference chairs.

Angela Wilks

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

140

Immobilization of radioiodine in synthetic boracite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear waste storage product is disclosed in which radioiodine is incorporated in a synthetic boracite. The boracite may be prepared by reacting a transition metal iodide with an alkali horate under mild hydrothermal conditions, drying the reaction product, and then hot pressing.

Babad, H.; Strachan, D.M.

1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Synthetic fuel production by indirect coal liquefaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the production of a synthetic crude oil product by direct contact of coal with an appropriate catalyst, with abundant domestic coal resources but lim- ited oil and gas resources, the conversion of coal into liquid in South Africa (for Fischer- Tropsch fuels). Also, the US Department of Energy an- nounced its financial

142

Synthetic fuels, carbon dioxide and climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has been attributed to the use of fossil fuels. There is concern that the generation and use of synthetic fuels derived from oil shale and coal will accelerate the increase of CO2.

Alex R. Sapre; John R. Hummel; Ruth A. Reck

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Relative chemical composition of selected synthetic crudes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A knowledge of the composition of synthetic crudes can provide an important input into the assessment of occupational exposure monitoring requirements for the coal conversion and oil shale industries. This paper summarizes comparative compositional studies of coal- and shale-derived crude oils with petroleum crude oils as a reference point.

Griest, W.H.; Guerin, M.R.; Clark, B.R.; Ho, C.; Rubin, I.B.; Jones, A.R.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Biological Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Science Biological Science A unique zinc-binding site revealed by the high-resolution x-ray structure of homotrimeric Apo2L/TRAIL S.G. Hymowitz, M.P. O'Connell, M.H. Ultsch, A. Hurst, K. Totpal, A. Ashkenazi, R.F. Kelley, and A.M. de Vos b-carbonic anhydrase active site architecture is a mirror image of a-carbonic anhydrases E.F. Pai and M.S. Kimber Binding of Cd ions to the cell wall of B. Subtilis - an EXAFS study M. Boyanov, D. Fowle, K. Kemner, B. Bunker, and J. Fein Crystallographic evidence for Try157 functioning as the active site base in human UDP-galactose 4-epimerase J.B. Thoden, T.M. Wohlers, J.L. Fridovich-Keil, and H.M. Holden Crystallographic studies of dsDNA phage HK97 structure and maturation W.R. Wikoff, Z. Che, W. Schildkamp, L. Liljas, R.L. Duda, R.W. Hendrix, and

145

Biology | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioinformatics Nuclear Medicine Climate and Environment Systems Biology Computational Biology Chemistry Engineering Computer Science Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Materials...

146

Green Pacific Biologicals - National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

p e G P B S t r a i n. Green Pacific Biologicals. Organism with high levels of oils Powerful genetic engineering. GPB [no Other companies. compromises] Secretion by ...

147

Introduction to Biological Inspiration for Intelligent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper serves as a short introduction for the special PerMIS session on Biological Inspiration (BI) for Intelligent Systems. The paper is organized into 4 parts. Part 1 provides a brief introduction to the idea and history of bio-inspiration for ... Keywords: biological inspiration, developmental robotics, dual cognitive systems, intelligent systems

Gary Berg-Cross

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Development of Standards for NanoSIMS Analyses of Biological Materials  

SciTech Connect

NanoSIMS is a powerful analytical technique for investigating element distributions at the nanometer scale, but quantifying elemental abundances requires appropriate standards, which are not readily available for biological materials. Standards for trace element analyses have been extensively developed for secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in the semiconductor industry and in the geological sciences. The three primary approaches for generating standards for SIMS are: (1) ion implantation (2) using previously characterized natural materials, and (3) preparing synthetic substances. Ion implantation is a reliable method for generating trace element standards, but it is expensive, which limits investigation of the analytical issues discussed above. It also requires low background levels of the elements of interest. Finding or making standard materials has the potential to provide more flexibility than ion implantation, but realizing homogeneity at the nano-scale is in itself a significant challenge. In this study, we experiment with all three approaches, but with an emphasis toward synthetic organic polymers in order to reduce costs, increase flexibility, and achieve a wide dynamic concentration range. This emphasis serves to meet the major challenge for biological samples of identifying matrix matched, homogeneous material. Biological samples themselves are typically heterogeneous at the scale of microns to 100s of microns, and therefore they are poor SIMS standards. Therefore, we focused on identifying 'biological-like' materials--either natural or synthetic--that can be used for standards. The primary criterion is that the material be as compositionally similar to biological samples as possible (primarily C, H, O, and N). For natural material we adsorbed organic colloids consisting of peptidoglycan (i.e., amino sugars), activated charcoal, and humic acids. Experiments conducted with Si on peptidoglycan showed low affinity as SiO{sub 2}, yet its distribution in the matrix was similar to that observed in spores. In experiments with Mo on humic acid, homogeneity was achieved and a sensitivity factor relative to C was determined. For synthetic material, we successfully prepared polyacrylic acid containing complexed elements of Mo, Ca, Sr, and Ba at low abundance. These were prepared as aqueous mixtures of dissolved elements and polyacrylic resin, followed by thin film drying. The Mo was homogeneously distributed and yielded a relative sensitivity factor nearly identical to that calculated for humic acid. This approach shows great promise for most water soluble metals. Poly(methacrylate) thin films were prepared that contained different low-level concentrations of Si introduced as a silane compound. Although homogeneity was not fully achieved, the analytical results did validate our previous quantitative methodology for Si. In addition, Commercial plastics were also examined for suitability for F and Cl. We found food-grade polyvinyl tubing produced high precision Cl determinations. For ion implantation, we used epoxy as the substrate and successfully extracted depth profiles and sensitivity factors for F and Cu.

Davission, M L; Weber, P K; Pett-Ridge, J; Singer, S

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

Biological Materials Science Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... An Investigation on the Structural Changes in Synthetic Enamel Mineral Using CW and Ultrafast Pulsed Near-IR Lasers · Antibacterial ...

150

Spotlight-Mode Synthetic Aperture Radar: A Signal Processing Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Spotlight-mode Synthetic Aperture Radar: A Signal Processing Approach describes an important mode of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, known as spotlight-mode SAR. By treating the subject via the principles of signal processing, ...

Paul Thompson; Daniel E. Wahl; Paul H. Eichel; Dennis C. Ghiglia; Charles V. Jakowatz

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Synthetic studies toward palau򡭩ne and enantioselective total synthesis of biogenetically related (+)-phakellin and (+)-monobromophakellin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oroidin alkaloids, also known as pyrrole-imidazole alkaloids, have become a hot area of chemical and biological research due to their diverse and intriguing structural features and biological activities. Palau'amine (i), one of the hexacyclic oroidin-derived secondary metabolites, contains a fully substituted chloro-cyclopentane ring, a piperazinone moiety and two cyclic guanidines. With the uniqueness and complexity of its structure, palau’amine has been a synthetic challenge and has not yet succumbed to total synthesis. The overall objective of this work was to explore synthetic pathways toward palau’amine and biogenetically related congeners. Most of the work was focused on developing a synthetic pathway for the palau’amine structure proposed in its isolation report dated back to 1993. Starting from a Diels-Alder adduct (iii), oxidation/chlorination followed by phakellin (ii) annulation afforded an advanced pentacyclic intermediate possessing all the carbon framework and all but one ring system of palau’amine. Recently, however, a series of reports questioned the originally proposed palau’amine structure and called for a revision of the stereochemistry of two carbon centers (iv). Now palau’amine has an identical chlorocyclopentane core with axinellamine (vi). With the target changed, we devised a new biomimetic pathway toward both natural products via a common intermediate (v), which was synthesized in 12 steps from the Diels-Alder adduct (iii).

Wang, Shaohui

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Fusion as a source of synthetic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the near-term, coal derived synthetic fuels will be used; but in the long-term, resource depletion and environmental effects will mandate synthetic fuels from inexhaustible sources - fission, fusion, and solar. Of the three sources, fusion appears uniquely suited for the efficient production of hydrogen-based fuels, due to its ability to directly generate very high process temperatures (up to approx. 2000/sup 0/C) for water splitting reactions. Fusion-based water splitting reactions include high temperature electrolysis (HTE) of steam, thermochemical cycles, hybrid electrochemical/thermochemical, and direct thermal decomposition. HTE appears to be the simplest and most efficient process with efficiencies of 50 to 70% (fusion to hydrogen chemical energy), depending on process conditions.

Powell, J.R.; Fillo, J.A.; Steinberg, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Production of biocommodities and bioelectricity by cell-free synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformations: Challenges and opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PERSPECTIVE PERSPECTIVE Production of Biocommodities and Bioelectricity by Cell-Free Synthetic Enzymatic Pathway Biotransformations: Challenges and Opportunities Y.-H. Percival Zhang 1,2,3 1 Biological Systems Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 210-A Seitz Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061; telephone: 540-231-7414; fax: 540-231-3199; e-mail: biofuels@vt.edu 2 Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 3 DOE Bioenergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Received 21 July 2009; revision received 18 November 2009; accepted 23 November 2009 Published online 7 December 2009 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/bit.22630 ABSTRACT: Cell-free synthetic (enzymatic) pathway bio- transformation (SyPaB)

154

Splicing bioinformatics to biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Splicing bioinformatics to biology Douglas L Black* andand Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Health26 May 2006 Genome Biology 2006, 7:317 (doi:10.1186/gb-2006-

Black, Douglas L; Graveley, Brenton R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Chemical Biology DOI: 10.1002/anie.201005461  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Biology DOI: 10.1002/anie.201005461 Chemistry and the Worm: Caenorhabditis elegans as a Platform for Integrating Chemical and Biological Research S. Elizabeth Hulme and George M. Whitesides* Angewandte Chemie Keywords: biochemistry · Caenorhabditis elegans · chemical biology · model organisms

Church, George M.

156

The Entire Molecular Biology Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology Archives Molecular Biology Archives Molecular Biology, Since May 2000 Table of Contents: Blood pH and Oxygen DNA Extraction Flesh Eating Bacteria Amino Acid Differences Lyme Disease Effects Vinegar and Alcohol Mosquito and Blood Caffeine and Smoking Bread Mold and pH Hemocyanin and Hemerythrin Hodospin Man-made Bacteria Pregnancy Tips mRNA Killing Bacteria Gram Stain Milk Bacteria Denatured Protein Pseudmands Bacteria Nucleotide Order Bacteria Resistance Albinism Genes DNA Healing Re-constitution of Proteins H. pylori and Multiple sclerosis Smallest Organism Sugars and Fats Bacteria Systematics Slow Regeneration Media Cultures Butter and Bacteria AIDS and Survival in Air Cell Intelligence Giardia gingivalis Meat Bacteria Pus and Immune Cells Chalones Culture of T. ferrooxisans Amphibian E. coli

157

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Bioenergy Crop Production Research Sustainable Bioenergy Crop Production Research Facility BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Sustainable Bioenergy Crop Production Research Facility R. Michael Miller, Argonne contact (rmmiller@anl.gov) The overall goal of our field research facility is to identify plant and microbial processes that will be key contributors to sustainable low-input (fertilizer) bioenergy feedstock production and, at the same time, will enhance the capture and storage of greenhouse gases by plants and soils (biological carbon sequestration). A unique feature of our native perennial bioenergy research facility is a gradient of biodiversity -- both within and between species diversity. Although a number of long-term ecological studies have demonstrated benefits to biomass production and carbon sequestration from increased species richness, none have investigated whether within-species diversity (i.e., genetic diversity) can contribute similar improvements.

158

On Biology as an Emergent Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biology is considered here as an "emergent science" in the sense of Anderson and of Laughlin and Pines. It is demonstrated that a straightforward mathematical definition of "biological system" is useful in showing how biology differs in structure from the lower levels in Anderson's "More is Different" hierarchy. Using cells in a chemostat as a paradigmatic exemplar of a biological system, it is found that a coherent collection of metabolic pathways through a single cell in the chemostat also satisfies the proposed definition of a biological system. This provides a theoretical and mathematical underpinning for Young's fundamental model of biological organization and integration. Evidence for the therapeutic efficacy of Young's method of analysis is provided by preliminary results of clinical trials of a specific application of Young's model to the treatment of cancer cachexia.

H. Pierre Noyes

2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Computational Biology | Supercomputing & Computation | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Research Areas | Biology SHARE Computational Biology Computational Biology research encompasses many important...

160

NEWTON's Molecular Biology Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology Archive: Loading Most Recent Molecular Biology Questions: Cytoplasm pH DNA Extract and Cold Alcohol Albino Gene Loci Male Development Candy and Bacteria Revisited...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Process state estimation in a wastewater biological treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using clustering techniques for data classification is very common. In this paper a Self-Organizing Map model is used to carry out an estimation of the process state in a wastewater biological treatment using clustering algorithms and validation indexes. ... Keywords: biological treatment, chemical oxygen demand, clustering, self-organizing mapping, validation, wastewater

Iván Machóh; Hilario López; Antonio Robles

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Synthetic crude oils carcinogenicity screening tests. Quarterly report, October 16, 1978--February 15, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Four crude oils (Southern Louisiana Crude Petroleum, H. Coal Syncrude, Paraho Crude Shale Oil, and Geokinetics in situ Shale Oil) have been distilled into four fractions (naphtha, mid-distillate, gas oil, and residue) for analysis and biological (mutagenicity and carcinogenicity) screening testing. Results of selected analytical tests have been obtained on the original crude oils and the fractions. Ames tests and initiation/promotion tests have been started on the original crude oils and the fractions. Four additional synthetic crude oils (Exxon EDS, SRC II, H Coal Fuel Oil, and Occidental In Situ Shale Oil) are being obtained for a second similar series of tests to be started in approximately four months.

Calkins, W.H.; Deye, J.F.; King, C.F.; Hartgrove, R.W.; Krahn, D.F.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

MST: Organizations: Organic Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Composites Encapsulation Materials Characterization Mechanical Testing Molding, Thermoforming, & Compounding Organizations Organic Materials Composite-to-metal adhesive bond Experimental/analytical study of composit-to-metal adhesive bond. The Organic Materials department in the Advanced Manufacturing and Processing Laboratory provides innovative prototype fabrication, full service small lot production, materials technology, processing expertise, and a broad range of organic material characterization and mechanical testing techniques. We encapsulate, we join and bond, we foam, we analyze and image, we build composite structures. We strive to make you, our customers, successful! We partner with you to find the right combination of materials, processing, and fixturing that will result in the highest value

164

J. Math. Biol. DOI 10.1007/s00285-006-0043-9 Mathematical Biology Mathematical and theoretical biology for systems biology, and then...vice versa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Biology has two roots (1). The better known resides in Molecular Biology, grew to functional genomics and then became top-down, genomewide Systems Biology. The less-publicized root resides in theoretical and Mathematical Biology, with topics such as non-equilibrium thermodynamics, self-organization, kinetic modelling, metabolic control analysis, flux analysis and biochemical systems theory, culminating in genome-wide versions thereof. It is anticipated that from these roots a Biology of unprecedented strength and quality will emerge, which ends the deadlocks of functional genomics drowning in its oceans of data and of Mathematical Biology escaping reality. Much of the growth in Systems Biology has bypassed Mathematical and Theoretical Biology. Only at the 2005 ESMTB meeting in Dresden did the surge in Systems Biology activity seen in molecular cell biology, begin to be mirrored by a similar surge in Mathematical Biology. Until then, the more theoretical activities in Systems Biology involved engineers much more than mathematicians. Why has this been the case? Systems Biology is well-defined and broad at the same time, not unlike Mathematical Biology. It is the science that studies how functional biological properties arise in the interactions of components (2,

Hans V. Westerhoff; H. V. Westerhoff (b

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Author Parviz Tarikhi Published N/A, 2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Citation Parviz Tarikhi. Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) [Internet]. 2010. Tunis, Tunisia. N/A. [cited 2013/09/17]. Available from: http://parviztarikhi.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/3psinsar-i-parviz_tarikhi.pdf Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Synthetic_Aperture_Radar_Persistent_Scatterer_Interferometry_(PSInSAR)&oldid=682949"

166

Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Molecular biology aims to understand living systems by focusing on the molecular components upon which they are built. Molecular biology is one of great successes of 20th century

Siddharthan, Advaith

167

Experimental deformation of natural and synthetic dolomite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural and hot isostatically pressed dolomite aggregates were experimentally deformed at effective pressures of Pe = 50 ?? 400 MPa, temperatures of 400 ?? 850??C, and strain rates of ?& = 1.2x10-4 s-1 to 1.2x10-7 s-1. Coarse- and fine-grained dolomite deformed at low temperature (T ? 700??C for coarse-grained natural dolomite, T < 700??C for fine-grained natural and synthetic dolomite) exhibit mechanical behavior that is nearly plastic; differential stresses are insensitive to strain rate, fitted either by a power law no?????????=??????31&& with n values that range from 12 to 49 or an exponential law ([31exp )] ??????=o&& with exponential law term ? values from 0.023 to 0.079 MPa-1. Microstructures of samples deformed at low temperatures include mechanical twins, and undulatory extinction suggesting that twin glide and dislocation slip are the predominant deformation mechanisms. At high temperatures (T ? 800??C) flow strengths of coarse- and fine-grained dolomite depend more strongly on strain-rate and exhibit pronounced temperature dependencies. Microstructures of coarse-grained dolomite samples deformed at T ? 800??C include undulatory extinction and fine recrystallized grains suggesting that recovery and dynamic recrystallization contribute to dislocation creep at these conditions. By comparison with lower temperature deformation, mechanical twinning is unimportant. Fine-grained synthetic dolomite deformed at high temperature (T ? 700??C) exhibits nearly linear (Newtonian) viscous behavior, with n = 1.28 (??0.15) consistent with grain boundary (Coble) diffusion creep. At low temperatures (T ? 700??C) coarse-grained dolomite exhibits higher strengths at higher temperatures which cannot be described by an Arrhenius relation, while fine-grained dolomite strengths show little or no temperature dependence. At high temperatures (T ? 800??C), dislocation creep of coarse-grained dolomite can be described by a thermally activated power law ??????????????????=RTHno*31exp??????&& with H*/n = 60 kJ/mol, or by an exponential law ()[]??????????=RTHo*31expexp?????&& with H*/? = 25447 kJ/mol. At high temperatures, diffusion creep of fine-grained synthetic dolomite can be described by ?????????????????????????=RTHdno*313exp??????&& with H* = 280 ??45 kJ/mol. Taken together, the flow laws for coarse- and fine-grained dolomites constrain the high temperature conditions over which crystal plasticity, dislocation creep, and diffusion creep dominate.

Davis, Nathan Ernest

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

169

What is Synthetic Aperture Radar? -- Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is Synthetic Aperture Radar? Environmental monitoring, earth-resource mapping, and military systems require broad-area imaging at high resolutions. Many times the imagery must...

170

Mineralization of Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds: A Bottom-Up ...  

Mineralization of Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds: A Bottom-Up Approach for the Development of Artificial Bone Jie Song,*,†,‡ Viengkham Malathong,† and Carolyn R ...

171

Fusion: an energy source for synthetic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The decreasing availability of fossil fuels emphasizes the need to develop systems which will produce synthetic fuel to substitute for and supplement the natural supply. An important first step in the synthesis of liquid and gaseous fuels is the production of hydrogen. Thermonuclear fusion offers an inexhaustible source of energy for the production of hydrogen from water. Depending on design, electric generation efficiencies of approx. 40 to 60% and hydrogen production efficiencies by high temperature electrolysis of approx. 50 to 70% are projected for fusion reactors using high temperature blankets. Fusion/coal symbiotic systems appear economically promising for the first generation of commercial fusion synfuels plants. Coal production requirements and the environmental effects of large-scale coal usage would be greatly reduced by a fusion/coal system. In the long term, there could be a gradual transition to an inexhaustible energy system based solely on fusion.

Fillo, J A; Powell, J; Steinberg, M

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Chemical basis for photomutagenicity in synthetic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photomutagens (chemicals that enhance the mutagenicity of near uv-visible radiation) have been detected in a variety of experimental coal- and oil shale-derived synthetic fuels using S. typhimurium strain TA98 and fluorescent light. In this study, photomutagenic activity was measured among synfuel samples that included crude and hydrotreated shale oil, coal oil distillation fractions, and chemical class fractions of coal and shale oils. Photomutagenic activity was found to increase with increasing boiling point and was cencentrated in fractions enriched in neutral polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). These results point to high molecular weight neutral PAH constitutents as important photomutagenic components among the samples tested. The photomutagenic activities of the materials tested correlate well with the previously reported tumorigenic activities of the same samples on mouse skin but correlate poorly with the previously reported mutagenic activities in the conventional Salmonella/mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test in which neutral PAH fractions were inactive.

Selby, C.P.; Calkins, J.; Enoch, H.G.; Wright, C.W.; Wilson, B.W.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

(M) A SURVEY OF SYNTHETIC FUELISHNESS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear fission reactor plants, through "burn-up " of nuclear fuels, have all beenusedtoprovideheatfor direct use inhanes, institutions and industry, and to generate mechanical and electrical power using the Otto, Diesel and Rankine heat cycles. These fuels are considered to be natural since they are found innatureandareusedaftervaryingdegrees of processing, enrichment or refinement. Other energy sources includehydropxer,windpower, geothmlheatandheator electricity converted fransolar energy captured in stationary flat plate, one-axis tracking linear-trough and two-axis tracking spherical, parabolic or heliostatic collectors. These sources of energy also existinnature, butarenot fuels sinceburn-up is not required. This leaves ahostof fuels which canbe synthesized frannaturalrnaterials using an equal n&xx of electrical or chemical processes. These synthetic or manufactured fuels include coal gas, fuel oils derived fran coal, solid fuel residuals, methane derived fran sewage or kelp, ethanol derived fran fenxntation of grains, methanol derived fran destructive distillation of wood, and

F. F. Hall

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Skin carcinogenicity of synthetic and natural petroleums. [Mice  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a series of three separate experiments mice were exposed to various concentrations of fossil liquids obtained from coal, oil shale or natural petroleum. All materials were capable of inducing squamous cell carcinoma, but potency differed substantially. Skin carcinogenicity was markedly greater for both coal or oil shale liquids than for natural petroleums. None of the syncrudes approached the skin carcinogenicity of a pure reference carcinogen, benzo(a)pyrene (BP). It is unlikely that determination of the concentration of an active compound in material applied to the test animal will allow meaningful comparison among the diverse agents of interest to the synthetic fuels industry. To better establish the relationship between actual tissue dose and surface concentration the authors are investigating various in vitro and biochemical measures of hydrocarbon-skin interaction to determine which, if any, could serve as a more definitive measure of surface dose. Results, using BP as a marker carcinogenic hydrocarbon, suggest that carcinogenic crudes inhibit both BP metabolism in skin organ culture and the interaction of BP adducts with epidermal DNA, in vivo.

Holland, J.M.; Rahn, R.O.; Smith, L.H.; Clark, B.R.; Chang, S.S.; Stephens, T.J.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Biological Sciences at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Better knowledge of biomolecules and processes they undergo is vital for achieving a predictive, systems-level understanding of complex biological systems that have potential use in bioenergy, carbon cycling and biosequestration, and biogeochemistry. Areas that NERSC helps to enable include: Research activities using genomics and systems biology to understand plants and microbes. Developing and applying atomistic-molecular to coarse-grained mathematical models of potential energy surfaces, characterizing these surfaces through sampling techniques and finally generating ensemble or time averaged physical properties of biological phenomena. Fundamental research in the redesign of microbial metabolic processes to harness their potential in the conversion of biomass to

176

Self-assembly of synthetic and biological components in water using cucurbit[8]uril  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and lower nuclear energy levels equalise, and consequently, no NMR signals are observed for the bound lig- and. Upon disassociation however, the free ligand once again generates an NMR signal, though at a reduced intensity, since some saturation transfers... Declaration This dissertation is the result of my own work and includes nothing which is the outcome of work done in collaboration except where specifically indicated in the text. This thesis does not exceed 60,000 words, as specified by the Degree Committee...

Zayed, Jameel Majed

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Synthetic Biology for Advanced Fuels (Opening Keynote Address - 2010 JGI User Meeting)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Jay Keasling, CEO of the Joint BioEnergy Institute, delivers the opening keynote on March 24, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

Keasling, Jay

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

178

Open collaborative system design : a strategic framework with application to synthetic biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Across technology industries and particularly at the cutting edge of biotechnology a debate is under way about the proper balance between open and closed - between co-developing products with shared information and open ...

Silver, Matthew Robin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Final Report: Biological and Synthetic Nanostructures Controlled at the Atomistic Level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology holds great promise for many application fields, ranging from the semiconductor industry to medical research and national security. Novel, nanostructured materials are the fundamental building blocks upon which all these future nanotechnologies will be based. In this Strategic Initiative (SI) we conducted a combined theoretical and experimental investigation of the modeling, synthesis, characterization, and design techniques which are required to fabricate semiconducting and metallic nanostructures with enhanced properties. We focused on developing capabilities that have broad applicability to a wide range of materials and can be applied both to nanomaterials that are currently being developed for nanotechnology applications and also to new, yet to be discovered, nanomaterials. During this 3 year SI project we have made excellent scientific progress in each of the components of this project. We have developed first-principles techniques for modeling the structural, electronic, optical, and transport properties of materials at the nanoscale. For the first time, we have simulated nanomaterials both in vacuum and in aqueous solution. These simulation capabilities harness the worldleading computational resources available at LLNL to model, at the quantum mechanical level, systems containing hundreds of atoms and thousands of electrons. Significant advances in the density functional and quantum Monte Carlo techniques employed in this project were developed to enable these techniques to scale up to simulating realistic size nanostructured materials. We have developed the first successful techniques for chemically synthesizing crystalline silicon and germanium nanoparticles and nanowires. We grew the first macroscopic, faceted superlattice crystals from these nanoparticles. We have also advanced our capabilities to synthesize semiconductor nanoparticles using physical vapor deposition techniques so that we are now able to control of the size, shape and surface structure of these nanoparticles. We have made advances in characterizing the surface of nanoparticles using x-ray absorption experiments. Throughout this SI a number of long-term, strategic external collaborations have been established. These collaborations have resulted in 30 joint publications, strategic hires of postdocs and graduate students from these groups into groups at LLNL and the submission of joint research grants. We have developed collaborations on the theory and modeling of nanomaterials with the groups of Profs. Ceder and Marzari (MIT), Crespi (Penn State), Freeman (Northwestern), Grossman and Lester (UC Berkeley), Mitas (North Carolina State), and Needs (Cambridge). We are collaborating with Dr. Alivisatos's group in the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory on the fabrication, characterization and modeling of inorganic nanomaterials. We are working with Prof. Majumdar's group at UC Berkeley on the characterization of nanomaterials. We are working with the molecular diamond group at Chevron-Texaco who has developed a process for extracting mono-disperse samples of nano-scale diamonds from crude oil. We are collaborating with Dr. Chen at UCSF to develop CdSe nanoparticle-biolabels. As a result of the outstanding scientific achievements and the long-term collaborations developed during this strategic initiative we have been extremely successful in obtaining external funding to continue and grow this research activity at the LLNL. We have received two DARPA grants to support the further development of our computational modeling techniques and to develop carbon nanotube based molecular separation devices. We have received two new Office of Science BES grants to support our nanomaterials modeling and synthesis projects. We have received funding from the NA22 office of DOE to develop the materials modeling capabilities begun in this SI for modeling detector materials. We have received funding from Intel Corporation to apply the modeling techniques developed in this initiative to examine silicon nanowires fabricated on computer chips.

Williamson, A; van Buuren, T

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

180

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass to fuels will involve the development of dedicated energy plants that maximize solar energy conversion to chemical

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

BglBrick vectors and datasheets; a synthetic biology platform for gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioremediation, and biofuel production [1-5]. Metabolicfor chemical or biofuel production, both of which frequently

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economically viable biofuel production, all aspects of thesemany challenges on biofuel production [1,3 ,28-30]. Some ofhigh-flux reactions. Biofuel production efforts can benefit

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of microbial hosts for biofuels production. Metab Eng 2008,delivers next-generation biofuels. Nat Biotechnol 27.furfural (HMF). Biotechnol Biofuels 2008, 1:12. 40. Trinh

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Using synthetic biology to screen for functional diversity of GH1 enzymes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have enabled single genomes as well as complex environmental samples (metagenomes) to be comprehensively sequenced on a routine basis. Bioinformatics analysis of the resulting sequencing data reveals a continually expanding catalogue of predicted proteins ( 14 million as of April 2011), 75 percent of which are associated with functional annotation (COG, Pfam, Enzyme, Kegg, etc). These predicted proteins cover the full spectrum of known pathways and functional activities, including many novel biocatalysts that are expected to significantly contribute to the development of clean technologies including biomass degradation, lipid transformation for biodiesel generation, intermediates for polymer production, carbon capture, and bioremediation.

Deutsch, Sam; Datta, Supratim; Hamilton, Matthew; Friedland, Greg; D'Haeseleer, Patrik; Chen, Jan-Fang; Chivian, Dylan; Egan, Rob; Sale, Kenneth; Simmons, Blake; Rubin, Eddy

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

available as potential biofuel candidates and productionfuels and alternative biofuel molecules An understanding ofto consider when designing biofuel candidates ( Table 1).

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Authors Bill Foxall and D. W. Vasco Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Citation Bill Foxall,D. W. Vasco. 2008. Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie

187

Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery -- Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery This gallery features movies of Sandia National Laboratories' synthetic aperture radar imagery of Albuquerque, New Mexico and Washington, DC. Sandia's Twin-Otter SAR produced these high-resolution stripmap images in real time. (Note: The movies below have been downsampled greatly to make them suitable for viewing on the world wide web. These movies are not recommended for modems of speeds less than 56 kbps due to their large file sizes.) Albuquerque, NM Area Movies Sandia National Laboratories' Twin-Otter SAR produced these Ku-Band 0.3 and 1.0 meter resolution images of Albuquerque, NM in real time. Synthetic aperture radar movie of west Gibson Blvd 0.3 meter airborne synthetic aperture radar movie from I-25 to Maxwell along Gibson Blvd. (Length: 30 seconds)

188

Analyzing Data for Systems Biology: Working at the Intersection of Thermodynamics and Data Analytics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many challenges in systems biology have to do with analyzing data within the framework of molecular phenomena and cellular pathways. How does this relate to thermodynamics that we know govern the behavior of molecules? Making progress in relating data analysis to thermodynamics is essential in systems biology if we are to build predictive models that enable the field of synthetic biology. This report discusses work at the crossroads of thermodynamics and data analysis, and demonstrates that statistical mechanical free energy is a multinomial log likelihood. Applications to systems biology are presented.

Cannon, William R.; Baxter, Douglas J.

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

PLANT BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PLANT BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT HANDBOOK 2012-2013 University of Georgia Athens, GA 30602 Updated: 9/5/12 #12;Plant Biology Handbook Table of Contents General Information and Operating Procedures 1

Arnold, Jonathan

190

Biological Production of Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Techniques Environmental Sampling: Microbial Communities Applications: Algae Ponds Source: Frank Dazzo, Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University...

191

Computational Biology Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... biological metadata raise questions related to information technology standards ... data/metadata format for image capture, storage, retrieval, analysis; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

192

Biological Interactions and Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State University, Tri-cities, Washington Nitin Baliga, Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington Jim Frederickson Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,...

193

Synthetic aperture radar processing with tiered subapertures  

SciTech Connect

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is used to form images that are maps of radar reflectivity of some scene of interest, from range soundings taken over some spatial aperture. Additionally, the range soundings are typically synthesized from a sampled frequency aperture. Efficient processing of the collected data necessitates using efficient digital signal processing techniques such as vector multiplies and fast implementations of the Discrete Fourier Transform. Inherent in image formation algorithms that use these is a trade-off between the size of the scene that can be acceptably imaged, and the resolution with which the image can be made. These limits arise from migration errors and spatially variant phase errors, and different algorithms mitigate these to varying degrees. Two fairly successful algorithms for airborne SARs are Polar Format processing, and Overlapped Subaperture (OSA) processing. This report introduces and summarizes the analysis of generalized Tiered Subaperture (TSA) techniques that are a superset of both Polar Format processing and OSA processing. It is shown how tiers of subapertures in both azimuth and range can effectively mitigate both migration errors and spatially variant phase errors to allow virtually arbitrary scene sizes, even in a dynamic motion environment.

Doerry, A.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Synthetic Aperture Radar Dept.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photosynthetic Photosynthetic Reaction Center BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Membrane Protein Engineering Photosynthetic reaction center: A novel quantum electronic circuit element Living cells contain a large variety of biomolecular complexes which self-assemble, recognize and control each other. These nanoscale devices, referred to as bionanodevices, perform critical cell functions such as gene expression, energy conversion, motion, signaling and metabolism. Recent advances in nanotechnology have paved the way to new possibilities and challenges for integrating highly efficient bionanodevices, designed and perfected by Nature during billions of years of evolution, into useful electronic devices. The main scientific and technological challenge in achieving this goal is the successful linkage of the biological components with the conventional, inorganic components. We are developing, implementing, and characterizing a new photobioelectronic device which converts light energy (photons) into an electronic signal by using the photosynthetic reaction center of purple bacteria as the active photoelement

195

Science Organizations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organizations Science Organizations National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place...

196

Radiolytic generation of gases from synthetic waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Yields of H{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O, O{sub 2}, and N{sub 2}, in simulated waste solutions, containing high nitrate, nitrite, hydroxide and aluminate, were experimentally measured in the presence and absence of moderate concentrations of organic chelators and some of their degradation products. These yields were measured at 30 and 60{degrees}C. No effect of dose rate on yield of H{sub 2} was observed and the amount of H{sub 2} increases linearly with dose and with the concentration of the organic additive. The generation of N{sub 2}O was observed only when organic solutes were present and its yield was dose rate dependent. Rate constants for H atom abstraction from the organic component by free H atoms were determined and these were correlated with the efficiency of the organic solute and in the generation of H{sub 2}. The rate of thermal generation of H{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O was also measured and was found to substantially increase in solutions that were preirradiated, presumably due to the generation of radiolytic degradation products. Computer modeling of the radiolytic precesses show the yield of H{sub 2} is strongly dependent on the nitrite concentration; the yield decreases with increasing nitrite concentration. The yield will be only weakly dependent on nitrate concentration above 0.5 M. Simulation of the homogeneous reactions that describe the chemistry of the NO{sub x} system indicate that: no N{sub 2}O will be formed in the absence of NO{sub x}-organic reactions. 18 refs., 41 figs., 13 tabs.

Meisel, D.; Diamond, H.; Horwitz, E.P.; Jonah, C.D.; Matheson, M.S.; Sauer, M.C. Jr.; Sullivan, J.C.; Barnabas, F.; Cerny, E.; Cheng, Y.D.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Todd Newberry: Professor of Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Todd Newberry, Professor of Biology: Cowell College page 12Jarrell: Why’s that? Todd Newberry, Professor of Biology:Biology Board page 14 Newberry: Well, besides the

Newberry, Andrew Todd; Jarrell, Randall; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

FGF-23 in bone biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 REVIEW FGF-23 in bone biology Katherine Wesseling-Perryin impairments in bone biology. Although the defectiveof the protein on bone biology, a growing compendium of data

Wesseling-Perry, Katherine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Quantitative Imaging in Cell Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative! imaging! in! biology! is! concerned! with!Quantitative! imaging! in! biology! is! concerned! with!advances! in! cell! biology! by! enabling! the! tracking!

Yassif, Jaime

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Systems biology approach to bioremediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aspects of the systems biology approach (metagenomics withthe use of a number of sytems biology parameters can revealRL, Banfield JF: Systems Biology: functional analysis of

Chakraborty, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE IN BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

published in Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. ) 51. D.PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE IN BIOLOGY G. M. Androes and Melvinparamagnetic resonance in biology is presented, including a

Androes, G.M.; Calvin, Melvin.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines Print Tuesday, 01 June 2010 09:52 Submit a New Proposal for Structural Biology Beamlines...

203

Systems Biology | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Biology SHARE Systems Biology Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis ORNL research is examining life across scales, from the genome to the environment, to find biological...

204

Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines Print Submit a New Proposal for Structural Biology Beamlines Available Beamlines The beamlines suitable for structural biology...

205

Computational Biology | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Biology SHARE Computational Biology Computational Biology research encompasses many important aspects including molecular biophysics for bio-energy, genetic level...

206

Computational optimization of synthetic water channels.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membranes for liquid and gas separations and ion transport are critical to water purification, osmotic energy generation, fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, and catalysis. Often these membranes lack pore uniformity and robustness under operating conditions, which can lead to a decrease in performance. The lack of uniformity means that many pores are non-functional. Traditional membranes overcome these limitations by using thick membrane materials that impede transport and selectivity, which results in decreased performance and increased operating costs. For example, limitations in membrane performance demand high applied pressures to deionize water using reverse osmosis. In contrast, cellular membranes combine high flux and selective transport using membrane-bound protein channels operating at small pressure differences. Pore size and chemistry in the cellular channels is defined uniformly and with sub-nanometer precision through protein folding. The thickness of these cellular membranes is limited to that of the cellular membrane bilayer, about 4 nm thick, which enhances transport. Pores in the cellular membranes are robust under operating conditions in the body. Recent efforts to mimic cellular water channels for efficient water deionization produced a significant advance in membrane function. The novel biomimetic design achieved a 10-fold increase in membrane permeability to water flow compared to commercial membranes and still maintained high salt rejection. Despite this success, there is a lack of understanding about why this membrane performs so well. To address this lack of knowledge, we used highperformance computing to interrogate the structural and chemical environments experienced by water and electrolytes in the newly created biomimetic membranes. We also compared the solvation environments between the biomimetic membrane and cellular water channels. These results will help inform future efforts to optimize and tune the performance of synthetic biomimetic membranes for applications in water purification, energy, and catalysis.

Rogers, David Michael; Rempe, Susan L. B.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Synthetic fuel utilization. Final report. Task 330  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The presence of large coal resources in this country provided the spur for consideration of liquids derived from hydrogenation of coal in the search for alternate liquid fuels to replace petroleum. Previous developments particularly in German industry beginning in 1910 and reaching a capacity of approximately four million tons of products a year by 1944 and more recently a series of plants in South Africa have shown the practicability of coal liquefaction. A few more advanced processes have been developed variously to bench, pilot or commercial scale from among the thirty or more which were subject to study. Limitation in the amount of hydrogen used in these for reasons of economy and processing facility results in products containing major amounts of aromatics as well as significant portions of the sulfur and nitrogen of the coal feed. Combustion of the largely aromatic liquids can present problems in commercial burners designed for petroleum fuels, and combustion staging used to reduce NO/sub x/ emissions with the latter may encounter difficulties from sooting in the coal-derived fuels, which occurs readily with aromatics. This report presents a review of such problems in utilization of synthetic fuels from coal, emphasizing basic engineering and scientific studies which have been made. A research program involving a number of universities, industrial laboratories, and non-profit research institutions was carried out under the direction of the Department of Energy's Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center. This program is also reviewed. The major subjects covered are those of liquefaction product composition and properties, fuel spray and droplet processes, synfuel pyrolysis, combustion mechanics, soot formation, and pollutant emission. Recommendations concerning needs for investigation are made from an evaluation of the current status of the field and the results obtained in the program. 15 references, 1 figure, 7 tables.

Singer, S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drug Delivery Vehicle for Glioblastoma Multiforme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drugmicroemulsion; peptide; nano-low density lipoproteintherapeutic agents. A synthetic nano-LDL (nLDL) particle was

Nikanjam, Mina; Blakely, Eleanor A.; Bjornstad, Kathleen A.; Shu, Xiao; Budinger, Thomas F.; Forte, Trudy M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

49; 49; NO. OF PAGES 7 Please cite this article in press as: Zhang Y-H P., et al. Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2010), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2010.05.005 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation Y-H Percival Zhang 1,2,3 , Jibin Sun 4 and Jian-Jiang Zhong 5 Cell-free synthetic pathway biotransformation (SyPaB) is the implementation of complicated biochemical reactions by in vitro assembling a number of enzymes or their complexes and coenzymes. Assembly of numerous enzymes without cellular membrane, gene regulation, or undesired pathway can circumvent some of the obstacles to modifying living microorganisms. Several synthetic pathways for the production of liquid biofuels - alcohols and hydrocarbon precursors (polyols)

210

Synthetic scaffolds and protein assemblies for engineering applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S-layer proteins, which naturally self-assemble on the exterior of cells, provide an interesting basis for the creation of synthetic scaffolds. In this thesis, I created a plasmid which produces a recombinant form of a ...

Norville, Julie Erin, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Development of a synthetic phase contrast imaging diagnostic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A “synthetic diagnostic” has been developed to calculate the expected experimental response of phase contrast imaging (PCI), a scattering diagnostic used to measure density fluctuations in laboratory plasmas, to a tokamak ...

Rost, Jon C.

212

A Butterfly Algorithm for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In spite of an extensive literature on fast algorithms for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, it is not currently known if it is possible to accurately form an image from N data points in provable near-linear time ...

Demanet, Laurent

213

Estimating Urban Canopy Parameters Using Synthetic Aperture Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a remote sensing–based approach to rapidly derive urban morphological characteristics using radar satellite data. The approach is based on the expectation that the magnitude of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) backscatter ...

Indumathi Jeyachandran; Steven J. Burian; Stephen W. Stetson

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Extension and Validation of a Gulf Stream Geosat Synthetic Geoid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extended synthetic geoid for the western North Atlantic Ocean was constructed by employing Geosat altimeter data, concurrent dynamic model forecasts, and climatology. Estimates of the absolute dynamic topography from the altimeter were ...

David L. Porter; Scott M. Glenn; Ella B. Dobson; Michael F. Crowley

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The physical, environmental, and evolutionary determinants of biological architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between structure and function is a longstanding and central topic in biology, evolution, and ecology. The importance of morphology is clearly visible in the diverse forms taken by innumerable organisms ...

Kempes, Christopher Andrew Poling

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

BE.440 Analysis of Biological Networks, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This class analyzes complex biological processes from the molecular, cellular, extracellular, and organ levels of hierarchy. Emphasis is placed on the basic biochemical and biophysical principles that govern these processes. ...

Essigmann, John

217

Organization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us Organization Organization Leadership Organization History Careers Contact Us Organization...

218

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

219

Biological tracer method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a biological tracer method for characterizing the movement of a material through a medium, comprising the steps of: introducing a biological tracer comprising a microorganism having ice nucleating activity into a medium; collecting at least one sample of the medium from a point removed from the introduction point; and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. The present invention is also a method for using a biological tracer as a label for material identification by introducing a biological tracer having ice nucleating activity into a material, collecting a sample of a portion of the labelled material and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. 2 figs.

Strong-Gunderson, J.M.; Palumbo, A.V.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Biological tracer method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a biological tracer method for characterizing the movement of a material through a medium, comprising the steps of: introducing a biological tracer comprising a microorganism having ice nucleating activity into a medium; collecting at least one sample of the medium from a point removed from the introduction point; and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer. The present invention is also a method for using a biological tracer as a label for material identification by introducing a biological tracer having ice nucleating activity into a material, collecting a sample of a portion of the labelled material and analyzing the sample for the presence of the biological tracer.

Strong-Gunderson, Janet M. (Ten Mile, TN); Palumbo, Anthony V. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Synthetic environment employing a craft for providing user perspective reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-dimensional user oriented synthetic environment system allows application programs to be programmed and accessed with input/output device independent, generic functional commands which are a distillation of the actual functions performed by any application program. A shared memory structure allows the translation of device specific commands to device independent, generic functional commands. Complete flexibility of the mapping of synthetic environment data to the user is thereby allowed. Accordingly, synthetic environment data may be provided to the user on parallel user information processing channels allowing the subcognitive mind to act as a filter, eliminating irrelevant information and allowing the processing of increase amounts of data by the user. The user is further provided with a craft surrounding the user within the synthetic environment, which craft, imparts important visual referential an motion parallax cues, enabling the user to better appreciate distances and directions within the synthetic environment. Display of this craft in close proximity to the user's point of perspective may be accomplished without substantially degrading the image resolution of the displayed portions of the synthetic environment.

Maples, Creve (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Craig A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

Agricultural and Biological Engineering College of Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that this trend will continue, especially if the prices for fossil fuels continue to increase. Other direct, and Pennsylvania Counties Cooperating Biomass Energy Dennis E. Buffington, Professor, Agricultural and Biological iomass energy is energy derived from organic matter of recent biological origin. Common forms of biomass

Lee, Dongwon

223

Review: At a glance: Cellular biology for engineers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineering contributions have played an important role in the rise and evolution of cellular biology. Engineering technologies have helped biologists to explore the living organisms at cellular and molecular levels, and have created new opportunities ... Keywords: Cell organelles, Cellular biology, Energy generation, Micro-bio-factory, Protein synthesis

K. Khoshmanesh; A. Z. Kouzani; S. Nahavandi; S. Baratchi; J. R. Kanwar

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Biological detector and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M; McDowell, Andrew F

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

225

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterizing Organic Carbon Flux from Litter Sources to Mineral-Soil Sinks BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site...

226

Learning from Systems Biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the molecular level to that at the living organism (e.g., genomics, proteomics, etc.) ... How do we organize atoms and build systematically structural units at ...

227

BNL Biology Department - Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Walter Mangel "'Molecular Sleds' and More: Novel Antiviral Agents via Single Molecule Biology," in which he discusses antiviral agents, and in particular, the breakthrough work in...

228

Genomics and Systems Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as energy, agriculture, and environmental cleanup. Get Expertise Babetta Marrone Biofuels Program Manager Email Cheryl Kuske DOE BER Biological System Science Division...

229

Biological Materials Science Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and properties of biological materials exhibit a breadth and complexity .... Protective Role of Arapaima Scales: Structure and Mechanical Behavior.

230

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(NIAID) funded program that applies state-of-the-art high-throughput (HTP) structural biology technologies to experimentally characterize the three dimensional atomic structure of...

231

Genomics and Systems Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genomics and Systems Biology LANL leads the world in computational finishing of microbial genomes Read caption + In 2013, Los Alamos scientist Richard Sayre and his team...

232

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biosciences Division Argonne National Laboratory Biosciences Division > Structural Biology DOE Logo Search BIO ... Search Argonne Home > BIO home > Membrane Protein Engineering >...

233

Complexity in Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We will review some of the theoretical progresses that have been in the study of complex systems in physics and of their applications to biology.

Giorgio Parisi

1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

234

Chemical Biology Coop Program (New for January 2011) Students from the Chemical Biology Coop Program will be prepared to conduct work terms in areas such as  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program will be prepared to conduct work terms in areas such as biosensors, metabolomics, biomimeticsChemical Biology Coop Program (New for January 2011) Students from the Chemical Biology Coop of the Chemical Biology Coop Program: Bioanalytical Chemistry Organic Chemistry & synthesis Cellular & molecular

Hitchcock, Adam P.

235

NIST Organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... What We Do; Organization Chart; Budget Information; Office of the Director; Laboratories & Major Programs; Locations; Staff Directory; Working With ...

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

236

Symposium Organizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volunteer Training Module. March 2013. 1. Your Professional Partner for Career Advancement. Symposium Organizer. Online Training Module. March 2013 ...

237

Tutorial on biological networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding how the functioning of a biological system emerges from the interactions among its components is a long-standing goal of network science. Fomented by developments in high-throughput technologies to characterize biomolecules and their interactions, ... Keywords: Biological Data Mining, Data Mining Software Tools, Science and Technology

Francisco G. Vital-Lopez; Vesna Memiševi?; Bhaskar Dutta

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Biological sample collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A biological sample collector is adapted to a collect several biological samples in a plurality of filter wells. A biological sample collector may comprise a manifold plate for mounting a filter plate thereon, the filter plate having a plurality of filter wells therein; a hollow slider for engaging and positioning a tube that slides therethrough; and a slide case within which the hollow slider travels to allow the tube to be aligned with a selected filter well of the plurality of filter wells, wherein when the tube is aligned with the selected filter well, the tube is pushed through the hollow slider and into the selected filter well to sealingly engage the selected filter well and to allow the tube to deposit a biological sample onto a filter in the bottom of the selected filter well. The biological sample collector may be portable.

Murphy, Gloria A. (French Camp, CA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Fact book: synthetic pipeline gas from coal. 1982 update  

SciTech Connect

This book illustrates the major advantages of synthetic pipeline gas from coal. Progress on many of the coal gasification projects envisioned over the past decade has been thwarted by regulatory, permitting, and financing delays. The rationale for developing a synthetic pipeline gas industry remains as strong as ever from the nation's viewpoint, and the pioneer US commercial scale high-Btu coal gasification plant is now under construction-the Great Plains coal gasification plant in North Dakota. Also, the US Synthetic Fuels Corporation is now operational and can move forward to provide the guarantees which are necessary to overcome the financial barriers to a commercial synfuels capability in the United States. Compared to other principal means of utilizing America's vast coal reserves, coal gasification uses coal and land more efficiently, uses less water, emits less air pollutants, requires less capital and results in a lower cost of energy to consumers. (DP)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Gas Turbine Combustor Performance on Synthetic Fuels, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume presents a summary of a project to determine the effects of burning currently available coal-derived and shale-derived synthetic liquid fuels in state-of-the-art gas turbine combustors. It describes the fuels tested, the effects of NO emission and of smoke formation and reduction, and a comparison of surrogate and synthetic fuels. The project concluded that a number of selected coal and shale oil fuels can be used in current turbines as soon as these fuels become available.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Organization Chart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spacer spacer spacer About DOE Organization News Contact Us Search Search Go spacer U.S. Department of Energy header image Science & Technology Energy Sources Energy Efficiency...

242

Computational Modeling of Organizations Comes of Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As they are maturing—i.e., as they are becoming validated, calibrated and refined—computational emulation models of organizations are evolving into: powerful new kinds of organizational design tools for predicting and mitigating organizational ... Keywords: Virtual Design Team, computational modeling and simulation, computational modeling in engineering, computational modeling in natural science, industrial application, organizational engineering, state-of-the-art, synthetic experiments, validation

Raymond E. Levitt

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Genomics and Systems Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genomics and Systems Biology Genomics and Systems Biology Genomics and Systems Biology Los Alamos scientists perform research in functional genomics and structural genomics, and applications for such work cover diverse fields such as energy, agriculture, and environmental cleanup. Get Expertise Babetta Marrone Biofuels Program Manager Email Cheryl Kuske DOE BER Biological System Science Division Program Manager Email Chris Detter Emerging Threats Program Manager: Email Rebecca McDonald Bioscience Communications Email "We were asked to build a rocket ship," said developer Joel Berendzen, "but instead we built a 10,000 mph motorcycle." - Sequedex team LANL leads the world in computational finishing of microbial genomes Protein research Read caption + In 2013, Los Alamos scientist Richard Sayre and his team genetically

244

Thornridge Biology Home Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Do We Inherit Our Biological Characteristics How Do We Inherit Our Biological Characteristics How Do We Inherit Our Biological Characteristics? Shelly Peretz Science Department Chairperson Thornridge High School Office Phone: 708-225-4585 speretz@interaccess.com You are visitor Photograph taken from Genetic Pathology Gallery: Cytogenetics, University of Washington Medical Center. Be sure to submit the online sign-off each day. Introduction Individuals, families, health care providers and policymakers face important health care decisions every day. Today, with the growing awareness of the role that genetics plays in our society, decision-making requires more information than ever before. This project uses principles of biology to examine human genetics disorders. Students work in small groups (2-3) on projects which give them the opportunity to understand human

245

BNL Biology Department - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2003 2002 2001 File Format .pdf 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 Biology Department 2012 Publications Agarwal R., Burley S.K., and Swaminathan S. Structural...

246

Earthworm Digging Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earthworm Digging Biology Name: claire Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: I live in Northeast PA,Monroe County.My husband and I were riding through a State park and saw...

247

Vibrations, Quanta and Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum biology is an emerging field of research that concerns itself with the experimental and theoretical exploration of non-trivial quantum phenomena in biological systems. In this tutorial overview we aim to bring out fundamental assumptions and questions in the field, identify basic design principles and develop a key underlying theme -- the dynamics of quantum dynamical networks in the presence of an environment and the fruitful interplay that the two may enter. At the hand of three biological phenomena whose understanding is held to require quantum mechanical processes, namely excitation and charge transfer in photosynthetic complexes, magneto-reception in birds and the olfactory sense, we demonstrate that this underlying theme encompasses them all, thus suggesting its wider relevance as an archetypical framework for quantum biology.

S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

248

White Ash Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White Ash Biology Name: blondi Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: 1. Is the white ash tree endangered or is it a protected variety? 2. How does the white ash tree...

249

Saltcedar: Biology and Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saltcedar is a small tree that causes major problems along rivers in the western half of Texas and throughout the U.S. Southwest. This publication explains its biology and ecological impacts, water use and control strategies.

Hart, Charles R.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Biology as a career  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology as a career Name: Heather Skeba Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: When I get into the real world I was thinking of being a biologist. How much schooling do you...

251

Tree Frog Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tree Frog Biology Name: toreyi Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: My mom transplanted a house cactus and found a frog buried in the soil. We do not want to throw it...

252

Bird Feet Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bird Feet Biology Name: Jeanne Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why don't birds feet freeze during the cold winter months? Replies: I'm not sure about all birds, but...

253

Mourning Dove Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mourning Dove Biology Name: Bettina Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: I have found a bird egg. I'm pretty sure it's a morning dove egg. I would like to know how to...

254

PNNL: Biological Sciences: Fundamental and Computational Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

We perform Biological Systems Science research using prediction and We perform Biological Systems Science research using prediction and experimentation to understand the design of biological systems, translating the genome to functional capabilities for applications to energy, environment, and health. Microbial community research at PNNL is focusing on environment and energy processes, and rational design and development of new bioprocesses, while our health-related research is centering on how multicellular systems, tissues and organisms respond to disease and exposure to the environment. Dayle Smith PNNL and Collaborators Receive ARPA-E Award for Gas-to-Liquid Fuel Biocatalysis Congratulations to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory computational scientist Dr. Dayle Smith, who is part of a team that recently received a

255

Electrostatic correlations: from Plasma to Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrostatic correlations play an important role in physics, chemistry and biology. In plasmas they lead to thermodynamic instability similar to the liquid-gas phase transition of simple molecular fluids. For charged colloidal suspensions the electrostatic correlations are responsible for screening and colloidal charge renormalization. In aqueous solutions containing multivalent counterions they can lead to charge inversion and flocculation. In biological systems the correlations account for the organization of cytoskeleton and the compaction of genetic material. In spite of their ubiquity, the true importance of electrostatic correlations has become fully appreciated only quite recently. In this paper, I will review the thermodynamic consequences of electrostatic correlations in a variety of systems ranging from classical plasmas to molecular biology.

Yan Levin

2002-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

256

Biology and Soft Matter Division - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Neutron Sciences Directorate › Biology and Soft Matter Division Home › Neutron Sciences Directorate › Biology and Soft Matter Division Biology and Soft Matter Division Paul Langan, BSMD Director BSMD Director Paul Langan. The Biology and Soft Matter Division (BSMD) operates an external user program for biological and soft matter research using neutron techniques at SNS and HFIR. Division personnel enable the research initiated by external users by acting as instrument responsible scientists and local contacts on a range of different beam lines. BSMD works closely with the Center for Structural Molecular Biology. Diffraction, small-angle scattering, and reflectometry are ideal methods for studying structure and organization from the atomic to the micron length scales, and neutron spectroscopic methods characterize self and

257

Biology and Soft Matter Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Soft Matter Division Biology and Soft Matter Division SHARE Biology and Soft Matter Division BSMD Director Paul Langan The Biology and Soft Matter Division (BSMD) operates an external user program for biological and soft matter research using neutron techniques at SNS and HFIR. Division personnel enable the research initiated by external users by acting as instrument responsible scientists and local contacts on a range of different beam lines. BSMD works closely with the Center for Structural Molecular Biology. Diffraction, small-angle scattering, and reflectometry are ideal methods for studying structure and organization from the atomic to the micron length scales, and neutron spectroscopic methods characterize self and collective motions from picosecond to microsecond timescales. These

258

Biological & Environmental Research Abstracts Database  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Welcome to the Biological and Environmental Research Abstracts Database The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) conducts research in...

259

Green Biologics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Facebook icon Twitter icon Green Biologics Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Biologics Place Oxfordshire, United Kingdom Sector Biomass, Renewable Energy Product...

260

Structural Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structural Biology SHARE Structural Biology ORNL researcher Flora Meilleur prepares protein solutions for structural investigation with neutrons. Source: ORNL Flickr site...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Image of the HIV Antibody moving towards a molecule Biological molecules are the machinery of life. Each year hundreds of scientists come to SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron...

262

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links of Interest Wikipedia (STEM) M.E. Mller-Insitute for Structural Biology National Institute of Biomedical Micoscopy Sosiety of America New York Structural Biology Center...

263

Biological barrier composition and method of use  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This report describes a composition for use as barrier to the growth of biological organisms such as roots, insects and small burrowing animals. It comprises a mixture of an effective amount of a chemical substance that thwarts the movement of the biological organisms, the substance diffused in a sufficient quality of a medium so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the medium rather than adjacent soil determine the rate of diffusion of the chemical substance. In one embodiment, trifluralin, a root growth inhibitor, is mixed with bentonite clay to provide a water-impermeable, root growth inhibiting barrier for a disposal site. The amount of clay and trifluralin is determined independent of the physical characteristics of the soil of the site thus avoiding the need for engineering the trifluralin for each set of soil characteristics.

Corey, J.C.; Murphy, C.E.

1990-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

264

Powdery mildew control on pumpkin and zucchini with organic and synthetic fungicides: 2010 field trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEM 17 + Dyneamic alt Quintec Flag color W Y Pu/K P/Br S Pu Application interval (days) None Application rate (oil, .5% + OE444, 0.5% K/W Pu/B Pu/G O/G O Pu/W G Br O/K

Bay, Ian S.; Eynard, James; Gubler, W D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Powdery mildew control on pumpkin with organic and synthetic fungicides: 2009 field trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rally then Quintec then Flint LEM17 LEM17 alt QuintecRally then LEM17 then Flint JMS Stylet-oil OM2 Nutrol +applications) Nutrol + HiWett alt Flint HiPeak fertilizer +

Janousek, Christopher N; Bay, Ian S.; Herche, Ryan W; Gubler, W D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Composition and Biodegradation of a Synthetic Oil Spilled on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics. Composition and natural attenuation of the spilled aviation diesel fuel are discussed in JaraulaComposition and Biodegradation of a Synthetic Oil Spilled on the Perennial Ice Cover of LakeAeroshell500.Molecularcompositionsoftheoilswereanalyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and compared

Priscu, John C.

267

Synthetic aperture design for increased SAR image rate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High resolution SAR images of a target scene at near video rates can be produced by using overlapped, but nevertheless, full-size synthetic apertures. The SAR images, which respectively correspond to the apertures, can be analyzed in sequence to permit detection of movement in the target scene.

Bielek, Timothy P. (Albuquerque, NM); Thompson, Douglas G. (Albuqerque, NM); Walker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

268

2006 Special Issue: Synthetic computational models of selective attention  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational modeling plays an important role to understand the mechanisms of attention. In this framework, synthetic computational models can uniquely contribute to integrate different explanatory levels and neurocognitive findings, with special reference ... Keywords: Awareness, Meditation states, Processing levels, Selective attention, Synchronization

Antonino Raffone

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evaluation of administrative procedures at the Synthetic Fuels Corporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Synthetic Fuels Corporation has improved its administrative procedures, but further actions are needed to strengthen contracting practices and internal financial controls. Pertinent recommendations are made in this report. This report also discusses the evolution of the Corporations's current salary structure and the activities of the Office of the Inspector General.

Not Available

1982-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

270

The Measurement of Precipitation with Synthetic Aperture Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radar equation for the measurement of precipitation by SAR is identical to that for a conventional radar. The achievable synthetic beamwidth, ?s, is proportional to ?v/U, the ratio of the spread of the precipitation Doppler spectrum to the ...

David Atlas; Richard K. Moore

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale M. O. Eshkalak, SPE, S. D of hydrocarbons from the reservoirs, notably shale, is attributed to realizing the key fundamentals of reservoir and mineralogy is crucial in order to identify the "right" pay-zone intervals for shale gas production. Also

Mohaghegh, Shahab

272

Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (40KB) BER Committees of Visitors BER Home Charges/Reports Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page REPORT of the STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE In response to the charge letter of Dr. Martha Krebs, May 28, 1998 Executive Summary Structural biology and especially macromolecular crystallography are playing an increasingly important role in biological discoveries. In order

273

Computational Biology and High Performance Computing 2000  

SciTech Connect

The pace of extraordinary advances in molecular biology has accelerated in the past decade due in large part to discoveries coming from genome projects on human and model organisms. The advances in the genome project so far, happening well ahead of schedule and under budget, have exceeded any dreams by its protagonists, let alone formal expectations. Biologists expect the next phase of the genome project to be even more startling in terms of dramatic breakthroughs in our understanding of human biology, the biology of health and of disease. Only today can biologists begin to envision the necessary experimental, computational and theoretical steps necessary to exploit genome sequence information for its medical impact, its contribution to biotechnology and economic competitiveness, and its ultimate contribution to environmental quality. High performance computing has become one of the critical enabling technologies, which will help to translate this vision of future advances in biology into reality. Biologists are increasingly becoming aware of the potential of high performance computing. The goal of this tutorial is to introduce the exciting new developments in computational biology and genomics to the high performance computing community.

Simon, Horst D.; Zorn, Manfred D.; Spengler, Sylvia J.; Shoichet, Brian K.; Stewart, Craig; Dubchak, Inna L.; Arkin, Adam P.

2000-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

274

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanobiology BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Membrane Protein...

275

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Potential in Midwest Agricultural Land BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO...

276

Structural Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Membrane Protein...

277

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Former Members BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Former Members Kelly...

278

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Responses to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About...

279

Biological conversion of synthesis gas. Limiting conditions/scale-up  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to develop a technically and economically feasible process for biologically producing H(sub 2) from synthesis gas while, at the same time, removing harmful sulfur gas compounds. Six major tasks are being studied: 1. Culture development, where the best cultures are selected and conditions optimized for simultaneous hydrogen production and sulfur gas removal; 2. Mass transfer and kinetic studies in which equations necessary for process design are developed; 3. Bioreactor design studies, where the cultures chosen in Task 1 are utilized in continuous reaction vessels to demonstrate process feasibility and define operating conditions; 4. Evaluation of biological synthetic gas conversion under limiting conditions in preparation for industrial demonstration studies; 5. Process scale-up where laboratory data are scaled to larger-size units in preparation for process demonstration in a pilot-scale unit; and 6. Economic evaluation, where process simulations are used to project process economics and identify high cost areas during sensitivity analyses.

Basu, R.; Klasson, K.T.; Takriff, M.; Clausen, E.C.; Gaddy, J.L.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Report of the Structural Biology Subcommittee of the Biological and  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Report of the Structural Biology Subcommittee of the Report of the Structural Biology Subcommittee of the Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (40KB) BER Committees of Visitors BER Home Charges/Reports Report of the Structural Biology Subcommittee of the Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page REPORT of the STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE of the BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE In response to the charge letter of Dr. Martha Krebs, June 10, 1997 Executive Summary Six years have elapsed since the previous report of the Structural Biology Subcommittee. Dramatic progress and advances in the field over this period

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nanofabricated collagen-inspired synthetic elastomers for primary rat hepatocyte culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic substrates that mimic the properties of extracellular matrix proteins hold significant promise for use in systems designed for tissue engineering applications. In this report, we designed a synthetic polymeric ...

Bettinger, Christopher J.

282

Investigations of biological processes in Austrian MBT plants  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical biological treatment (MBT) of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become an important technology in waste management during the last decade. The paper compiles investigations of mechanical biological processes in Austrian MBT plants. Samples from all plants representing different stages of degradation were included in this study. The range of the relevant parameters characterizing the materials and their behavior, e.g. total organic carbon, total nitrogen, respiration activity and gas generation sum, was determined. The evolution of total carbon and nitrogen containing compounds was compared and related to process operation. The respiration activity decreases in most of the plants by about 90% of the initial values whereas the ammonium release is still ongoing at the end of the biological treatment. If the biogenic waste fraction is not separated, it favors humification in MBT materials that is not observed to such extent in MSW. The amount of organic carbon is about 15% dry matter at the end of the biological treatment.

Tintner, J. [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna (Austria); Smidt, E., E-mail: ena.smidt@boku.ac.a [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna (Austria); Boehm, K.; Binner, E. [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna (Austria)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Organic and Printed Electronics for Biological Microfluidic Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The graphite blocks ensure that glass wafers reach theon the graphite blocks before placing the glass wafers toglass layers are assembled in between two graphite blocks as

Jagannathan, Lakshmi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Concentration and separation of biological organisms by ultrafiltration and dielectrophoresis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for monitoring sources of public water supply for a variety of pathogens by using a combination of ultrafiltration techniques together dielectrophoretic separation techniques. Because water-borne pathogens, whether present due to "natural" contamination or intentional introduction, would likely be present in drinking water at low concentrations when samples are collected for monitoring or outbreak investigations, an approach is needed to quickly and efficiently concentrate and separate particles such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites in large volumes of water (e.g., 100 L or more) while simultaneously reducing the sample volume to levels sufficient for detecting low concentrations of microbes (e.g., <10 mL). The technique is also designed to screen the separated microbes based on specific conductivity and size.

Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Hill, Vincent R. (Decatur, GA); Fintschenko, Yolanda (Livermore, CA); Cummings, Eric B. (Livermore, CA)

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Organic Electronics at the Interface with Biology - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Synthesis and Structural and Functional Characterization of Thin Films and ...

286

Organic and Printed Electronics for Biological Microfluidic Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a typical heater and RTD structure is shown in Figure 4.Cross-section of a typical RTD and heater structure used for7. Although the channel and RTD/valve wafers are the only

Jagannathan, Lakshmi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Biological and Environmental Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BESC and throughout the scientific community. The Climate Change Science Institute (CCSI) has had its 2010 #12;Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) conducts basic and applied research and development in the Biological and Environmental Sciences Directorate (BESD) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) perform

288

Construction Biological and Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequoia Hall William R. Hewlett Teaching Center Herrin Hall Gilbert Biological Sciences Gates Computer Sciences Golf Clubhouse Observatory Lou Henry Hoover House Vaden Health Center Bing Nursery School Stanford RD COLERIDGE AV HANSEN W Y OXFORD AV GRANTAV CAMBRIDGE AV KELLOGG AV CASTILLEJA AV SHERIDAN AV M

Li, Fei-Fei

289

Construction Biological and Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Varian Physics Sequoia Hall William R. Hewlett Teaching Center Herrin Hall Gilbert Biological Sciences Sciences Observatory Lou Henry Hoover House Vaden Health Center Bing Nursery School Stanford Community Twain East Larkin West Dining Admin. Branner Dining Dining Beefeaters Avanti Parking Struct. 7 William H

Gerdes, J. Christian

290

Chemical biology drug discovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords Chemical biology drug discovery high-throughput screening protein ligands proteases novel chemical and biochemical methods for the identification and optimization of protein ligands us of pro- tein ligands. Results of this research are translated into protein-specific, chemical probes

Schüler, Axel

291

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores mimic key features of natural pores By Tona Kunz * July 17, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint Scientists have overcome key design hurdles to expand the potential uses of nanopores and nanotubes. The creation of smart nanotubes with selective mass transport opens up a wider range of applications for water purification, chemical separation and fighting disease. Nanopores and their rolled up version, nanotubes, consist of atoms bonded to each other in a hexagonal pattern to create an array of nanometer-scale openings or channels. This structure creates a filter that can be sized to select which molecules and ions pass into drinking water or into a cell. The same filter technique can limit the release of chemical by-products

292

Synthetic IR Scene Simulation of Air-borne Targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IR scenes of high fidelity are needed to support the development and testing of various target detection and tracking techniques. It is impractical to test detection and tracking algorithms under all conceivable conditions. Therefore, to test the effectiveness of detection and tracking algorithms under variety of scenarios, synthetic IR scenes are generated. For air-borne targets, the presence of clouds plays an important role, since they affect most IR sensors. We propose, a mod- ification of original Gardner's Method [3], in order to generate clouds of richer spectral content. We also ex- plore an algorithm based on self-similarity [5] for cloud texture generation. Synthetic IR cloud images generated by our scene simulation software are radiometrically accurate and have typical cloud texture variations. We use Modtran J.O for radiometric calculation and VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) for scene rendering.

Shankar T. More; Avinash A. Pandit; Avinash A. P; S. N. Merchant; U. B. Desai

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Pentavalent Uranium Chemistry - Synthetic Pursuit Of A Rare Oxidation State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This feature article presents a comprehensive overview of pentavalent uranium systems in non-aqueous solution with a focus on the various synthetic avenues employed to access this unusual and very important oxidation state. Selected characterization data and theoretical aspects are also included. The purpose is to provide a perspective on this rapidly evolving field and identify new possibilities for future developments in pentavalent uranium chemistry.

Graves, Christopher R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiplinger, Jaqueline L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Composition-dependent Topological  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Composition-dependent Topological Transition in Membranes The development of bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics is a major public health concern. For example, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) have emerged as common nosocomial (hospital-originating) infections. Circumvention of such resistance may be possi ble by emulating host defense antimicrobial peptides (AMP's), which are found in a broad range of species and have broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. These AMP's have two structural motifs in common: they are cationic and amphipathic. It is thought that electro static interactions facilitate association of the peptide with the anionic bacterial membrane and amphiphilic interactions act to form pores in the bacterial membrane, leading to cell death. Thus, AMP's target generic characteristics common to the mem branes of many pathogenic species, and resistance to such natural defences evolves much more slowly than for conventional antibiotics. The exact molecular mechanisms by which membrane pores are formed are still not fully understood, although three major models ('barrel-stave', 'toroidal pore', 'carpet') have been proposed. Moreover, these models do not ex haustively cover all possibilities, as AMP activity is not always correlated with the loss of a permeability barrier. Understanding the structural tenden cies generated in antimicrobial-membrane interactions is an essential step to elucidating such molecular mechanisms and therefore to the pre dictive design of synthetic AMP analogs.

295

Applicant Organization:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALICO, Inc. ALICO, Inc. Corporate HQ: LaBelle, Hendry County, Florida Proposed Facility Location: LaBelle, Florida Description: This company is a major agricultural company that will use an innovative thermochemical technology company that ferments synthesis gas. This thermochemical/fermentation conversion alternative could be suitable to feedstocks that are not easily processed biologically such as wood and wood wastes. CEO or Equivalent: John Alexander Participants: Bioengineering Resources, Inc. of Fayetteville, Arkansas; Washington Group International of Boise, Idaho; GeoSyntec Consultants of Boca Raton, Florida; BG Katz Companies/JAKS,LLC of Parkland, Florida; Emmaus Foundation, Inc. Production: * Ethanol, electricity, ammonia and hydrogen

296

Complex biological and bio-inspired systems  

SciTech Connect

The understanding and characterization ofthe fundamental processes of the function of biological systems underpins many of the important challenges facing American society, from the pathology of infectious disease and the efficacy ofvaccines, to the development of materials that mimic biological functionality and deliver exceptional and novel structural and dynamic properties. These problems are fundamentally complex, involving many interacting components and poorly understood bio-chemical kinetics. We use the basic science of statistical physics, kinetic theory, cellular bio-chemistry, soft-matter physics, and information science to develop cell level models and explore the use ofbiomimetic materials. This project seeks to determine how cell level processes, such as response to mechanical stresses, chemical constituents and related gradients, and other cell signaling mechanisms, integrate and combine to create a functioning organism. The research focuses on the basic physical processes that take place at different levels ofthe biological organism: the basic role of molecular and chemical interactions are investigated, the dynamics of the DNA-molecule and its phylogenetic role are examined and the regulatory networks of complex biochemical processes are modeled. These efforts may lead to early warning algorithms ofpathogen outbreaks, new bio-sensors to detect hazards from pathomic viruses to chemical contaminants. Other potential applications include the development of efficient bio-fuel alternative-energy processes and the exploration ofnovel materials for energy usages. Finally, we use the notion of 'coarse-graining,' which is a method for averaging over less important degrees of freedom to develop computational models to predict cell function and systems-level response to disease, chemical stress, or biological pathomic agents. This project supports Energy Security, Threat Reduction, and the missions of the DOE Office of Science through its efforts to accurately model biological systems at the molecular and cellular level. The project's impact encompasses applications to biofuels, to novel sensors and to materials with broad use for energy or threat reduction. The broad, interdisciplinary approach of CNLS offers the unparalleled strength of combining science backgrounds and expertise -a unique and important asset in attacking the complex science of biological organisms. This approach also allows crossfertilization, with concepts and techniques transferring across field boundaries.

Ecke, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Systems Biology Knowledgebase for a New Era in Biology A Genomics:GTL Report from the May 2008 Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Biology has entered a systems-science era with the goal to establish a predictive understanding of the mechanisms of cellular function and the interactions of biological systems with their environment and with each other. Vast amounts of data on the composition, physiology, and function of complex biological systems and their natural environments are emerging from new analytical technologies. Effectively exploiting these data requires developing a new generation of capabilities for analyzing and managing the information. By revealing the core principles and processes conserved in collective genomes across all biology and by enabling insights into the interplay between an organism's genotype and its environment, systems biology will allow scientific breakthroughs in our ability to project behaviors of natural systems and to manipulate and engineer managed systems. These breakthroughs will benefit Department of Energy (DOE) missions in energy security, climate protection, and environmental remediation.

Gregurick, S.; Fredrickson, J. K.; Stevens, R.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Systems Biology Knowledgebase for a New Era in Biology A Genomics:GTL Report from the May 2008 Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Biology has entered a systems-science era with the goal to establish a predictive understanding of the mechanisms of cellular function and the interactions of biological systems with their environment and with each other. Vast amounts of data on the composition, physiology, and function of complex biological systems and their natural environments are emerging from new analytical technologies. Effectively exploiting these data requires developing a new generation of capabilities for analyzing and managing the information. By revealing the core principles and processes conserved in collective genomes across all biology and by enabling insights into the interplay between an organism's genotype and its environment, systems biology will allow scientific breakthroughs in our ability to project behaviors of natural systems and to manipulate and engineer managed systems. These breakthroughs will benefit Department of Energy (DOE) missions in energy security, climate protection, and environmental remediation.

Gregurick, S.; Fredrickson, J. K.; Stevens, R.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Biological effectiveness of neutrons: Research needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this report was to provide a conceptual plan for a research program that would provide a basis for determining more precisely the biological effectiveness of neutron radiation with emphasis on endpoints relevant to the protection of human health. This report presents the findings of the experts for seven particular categories of scientific information on neutron biological effectiveness. Chapter 2 examines the radiobiological mechanisms underlying the assumptions used to estimate human risk from neutrons and other radiations. Chapter 3 discusses the qualitative and quantitative models used to organize and evaluate experimental observations and to provide extrapolations where direct observations cannot be made. Chapter 4 discusses the physical principles governing the interaction of radiation with biological systems and the importance of accurate dosimetry in evaluating radiation risk and reducing the uncertainty in the biological data. Chapter 5 deals with the chemical and molecular changes underlying cellular responses and the LET dependence of these changes. Chapter 6, in turn, discusses those cellular and genetic changes which lead to mutation or neoplastic transformation. Chapters 7 and 8 examine deterministic and stochastic effects, respectively, and the data required for the prediction of such effects at different organizational levels and for the extrapolation from experimental results in animals to risks for man. Gaps and uncertainties in this data are examined relative to data required for establishing radiation protection standards for neutrons and procedures for the effective and safe use of neutron and other high-LET radiation therapy.

Casarett, G.W.; Braby, L.A.; Broerse, J.J.; Elkind, M.M.; Goodhead, D.T.; Oleinick, N.L.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Quantum physics meets biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum physics and biology have long been regarded as unrelated disciplines, describing nature at the inanimate microlevel on the one hand and living species on the other hand. Over the last decades the life sciences have succeeded in providing ever more and refined explanations of macroscopic phenomena that were based on an improved understanding of molecular structures and mechanisms. Simultaneously, quantum physics, originally rooted in a world view of quantum coherences, entanglement and other non-classical effects, has been heading towards systems of increasing complexity. The present perspective article shall serve as a pedestrian guide to the growing interconnections between the two fields. We recapitulate the generic and sometimes unintuitive characteristics of quantum physics and point to a number of applications in the life sciences. We discuss our criteria for a future quantum biology, its current status, recent experimental progress and also the restrictions that nature imposes on bold extrapolations of quantum theory to macroscopic phenomena.

Markus Arndt; Thomas Juffmann; Vlatko Vedral

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

BIOLOGICAL IRRADIATION FACILITY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A facility for irradiating biological specimens with neutrons is described. It includes a reactor wherein the core is off center in a reflector. A high-exposure room is located outside the reactor on the side nearest the core while a low-exposure room is located on the opposite side. Means for converting thermal neutrons to fast neutrons are movably disposed between the reactor core and the high and low-exposure rooms. (AEC)

McCorkle, W.H.; Cern, H.S.

1962-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

Brookhaven Symposium Biology 32  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Symposium Biology 32 Symposium Biology 32 Brookhaven National Laboratory, June 1-4, 1982 NEUTRONS IN BIOLOGY, B. Schoenborn, Plenum Press N Y BNL--34681 DE84 012174 NOTICE p _ THIS R£PORT IS l £ - T . l - : T = "-T-**: TO A DEGHES THAT PRECLUDES SA u^.-.iA OKV REPRODUCTION NEUTRON SCATTERING AND THE 3 0 S RI3CS0MAL SUBUNIT OF j ^ . COLI P.B. Moore, a D.M. Enselmsn, b J.A. Langer, b V.R. Ramaicrishnan,^ _.G« Schindler, 3 B.P. Schoenborn, c I-Y. Sillers, a and S. Yabuki a a Uept. of Chemistry and ^Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry Yale University. Nev Haven, CT 06511 c BicIogy Dapc, Srookhavse National Lab., Upton, NY 11973 INTRODUCTION Siboscmes ara nueleoprotein enzyaes which catalyze the for- mation of polypeptide chains under inRNA control, using aminoacyl tENAs as substrates-for reviawo see Nomura et al. (22) and

303

Modeling formalisms in Systems Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Biology has taken advantage of computational tools and high-throughput experimental data to model several biological processes. These include signaling, gene regulatory, and metabolic networks. However, most of ...

Machado, Daniel

304

Structural Biology Helps Drug Discovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structural Biology Helps Drug Discovery Structural Biology Helps Drug Discovery Print Thursday, 19 July 2012 11:21 Last year, drug discovery company Plexxikon made front-page news...

305

Monitoring Biological Activity at Geothermal Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic impact of microbial growth in geothermal power plants has been estimated to be as high as $500,000 annually for a 100 MWe plant. Many methods are available to monitor biological activity at these facilities; however, very few plants have any on-line monitoring program in place. Metal coupon, selective culturing (MPN), total organic carbon (TOC), adenosine triphosphate (ATP), respirometry, phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA), and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) characterizations have been conducted using water samples collected from geothermal plants located in California and Utah. In addition, the on-line performance of a commercial electrochemical monitor, the BIoGEORGE?, has been evaluated during extended deployments at geothermal facilities. This report provides a review of these techniques, presents data on their application from laboratory and field studies, and discusses their value in characterizing and monitoring biological activities at geothermal power plants.

Peter Pryfogle

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Applicant Organization:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. Corporate HQ: Irvine, Orange County, California Proposed Facility Location: Southern California Description: This company has experience building biomass power plants in California and their technology has been demonstrated at the pilot scale. One of its partners is Waste Management Inc., a leading waste-to-energy company. This project will give DOE understanding of a new biological fermentation process not using enzymes. CEO or Equivalent: Arnold Klann Participants: Waste Management, Inc., JGC Corporation; MECS Inc.; NAES; PetroDiamond Production: * 19 million gallons/year in the unit in which DOE will be participating. Technology & Feedstocks: * Concentrated acid processing of 700 tons/day of sorted green waste and wood

307

Applicant Organization:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. Corporate HQ: Irvine, Orange County, California Proposed Facility Location: Southern California Description: This company has experience building biomass power plants in California and their technology has been demonstrated at the pilot scale. One of its partners is Waste Management Inc., a leading waste-to-energy company. This project will give DOE understanding of a new biological fermentation process not using enzymes. CEO or Equivalent: Arnold Klann Participants: Waste Management, Inc., JGC Corporation; MECS Inc.; NAES; PetroDiamond Production: * 19 million gallons/year in the unit in which DOE will be participating. Technology & Feedstocks: * Concentrated acid processing of 700 tons/day of sorted green waste and wood

308

Conservation Biology Navjot S. Sodhi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Biology for All EDITED BY: Navjot S. Sodhi Department of Biological Sciences, National­0­19­955424­9 (Pbk.) 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2 Sodhi and Ehrlich: Conservation Biology for All. http Introduction Navjot S. Sodhi and Paul R. Ehrlich 1 Introduction Box 1: Human population and conservation (Paul

Miami, University of

309

AGRI-SCIENCE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGRI-SCIENCE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY NETWORK Vehicle for translation: Pioneering a cross-academic, -industry and -government network Chemical Biology Community Agri- Sciences Community Industry Policy makers), with multidisciplinary approaches being the drivers enabling this. Chemical Biology through physical science innovation

310

Perspectives Computational Biology in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perspectives Computational Biology in Brazil Goran Neshich Introduction At the request of the PLoS Computational Biology Editor-in- Chief, I agreed to write about computational biology in Brazil (see author of the field itself is short); b) the current state of the field in Brazil; c) the influence of computational

Neshich, Goran

311

Energy from biological processes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This assessment responds to a request by the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation for an evaluation of the energy potential of various sources of plant and animal matter (biomass). This report complements an earlier OTA report on the Application of Solar Technology to Today's Energy Needs in evaluating the major solar energy resources available to the United States. The findings also will serve as part of the material to be used in an upcoming OTA assessment of synthetic fuels for transportation. This volume presents analyses of prominent biomass issues, summaries of four biomass fuel cycles, a description of biomass' place in two plausible energy futures, and discussions of policy options for promoting energy from biomass. The four fuel cycles - wood, alcohol fuels, grasses and crop residues, and animal wastes - were chosen because of their near- to mid-term energy potential and because of the public interest in them. A second volume presents technical analyses of the resource base, conversion technologies, and end uses that provide a basis for the discussion in this volume. Also included in Volume II are various unconventional approaches to bioenergy production as well as the use of biomass to produce chemicals.

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Preparation of hydrophobic organic aeorgels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Synthetic methods for the preparation of hydrophobic organics aerogels. One method involves the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3-dimethoxybenzene or 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene with formaldehyde in non-aqueous solvents. Using a procedure analogous to the preparation of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aerogels, this approach generates wet gels that can be dried using either supercritical solvent extraction to generate the new organic aerogels or air dried to produce an xerogel. Other methods involve the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3,5 trihydroxy benzene (phloroglucinol) or 1,3 dihydroxy benzene (resorcinol) and various aldehydes in non-aqueous solvents. These methods use a procedure analogous to the one-step base and two-step base/acid catalyzed polycondensation of phloroglucinol and formaldehyde, but the base catalyst used is triethylamine. These methods can be applied to a variety of other sol-gel precursors and solvent systems. These hydrophobic organics aerogels have numerous application potentials in the field of material absorbers and water-proof insulation.

Baumann, Theodore F. (Tracy, CA); Satcher, Jr., Joe H. (Patterson, CA); Gash, Alexander E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

313

Indoor Thermal Comfort, an Evolutionary Biology Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comfort, an Evolutionary Biology Perspective John L. StoopsComfort, Evolutionary Biology, Thermo Regulation, ThermalFrom an evolutionary biology perspective, the physiological

Stoops, John L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Computational biology and high performance computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper in Computational Biology The First Step Beyond theM . Glaeser, Mol. & Cell Biology, UCB and Life SciencesLBNL-44460 Computational Biology and High Performance

Shoichet, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Computational Biology & KBase | Clean Energy| ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Biology and KBase SHARE Computational Biology and KBase The ever-increasing scale and complexity of biological data require advanced computational tools and resources...

316

Socioeconomic impact assessment: a methodology applied to synthetic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Report is a supporting document for the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Alternative Fuels Demonstration Program, which was filed with the Council on Environmental Quality in November, 1977. It describes the methodology developed for the socioeconomic impact assessments contained in the Environmental Impact Statement, and highlights the findings. Part I of this Report explains clearly how the numbers are derived, and presents the salient planning issues. Starting with the labor force of a synthetic fuels facility, a public official, decision-maker, or student of socioeconomic impacts can use this Report to derive a reasonable set of estimates which reflect the resultant population, income, employment, land use, public facility costs, and local public revenues. Part II of this Report is the application of this methodology to synthetic fuels. Numerical estimates are given for the social and economic effects resulting from such energy technologies as coal gasification and liquefaction, oil shale, and the conversion of solid wastes and agricultural products to energy. Although the methodology is not site specific, illustrative sites, chosen from the major coal-bearing counties in the United States, have been included. This allows a user to compare the relative impacts of a given energy facility in various geographical locations and types of communities. The section on mitigating measures may be of special interest because of its treatment of problem areas and its broad range of suggested solutions. One advantage of the methodology is that it derives from a broad data base that is readily accessible: the United States Census. Another advantage is that impacts can be calculated by hand. Finally, it is applicable to a wide variety of energy technologies and not restricted to synthetic fuels.

Not Available

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

6th Annual Systems Biology Symposium: Systems Biology and the Environment  

SciTech Connect

Systems biology recognizes the complex multi-scale organization of biological systems, from molecules to ecosystems. The International Symposium on Systems Biology is an annual two-day event gathering the most influential researchers transforming biology into an integrative discipline investigating complex systems. In recognition of the fundamental similarity between the scientific problems addressed in environmental science and systems biology studies at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels, the 2007 Symposium featured global leaders in “Systems Biology and the Environment.” The objective of the 2007 “Systems Biology and the Environment” International Symposium was to stimulate interdisciplinary thinking and research that spans systems biology and environmental science. This Symposium was well aligned with the DOE’s Genomics:GTL program efforts to achieve scientific objectives for each of the three DOE missions: • Develop biofuels as a major secure energy source for this century, • Develop biological solutions for intractable environmental problems, and • Understand biosystems’ climate impacts and assess sequestration strategies Our scientific program highlighted world-class research exemplifying these priorities. The Symposium featured 45 minute lectures from 12 researchers including: Penny/Sallie Chisholm of MIT gave the keynote address “Tiny Cells, Global Impact: What Prochlorococcus Can Teach Us About Systems Biology”, plus Jim Fredrickson of PNNL, Nitin Baliga of ISB, Steve Briggs of UCSD, David Cox of Perlegen Sciences, Antoine Danchin of Institut Pasteur, John Delaney of the U of Washington, John Groopman of Johns Hopkins, Ben Kerr of the U of Washington, Steve Koonin of BP, Elliott Meyerowitz of Caltech, and Ed Rubin of LBNL. The 2007 Symposium promoted DOE’s three mission areas among scientists from multiple disciplines representing academia, non-profit research institutions, and the private sector. As in all previous Symposia, we had excellent attendance of participants representing 20-30 academic or research-oriented facilities along with 25-30 private corporations from 5-10 countries. To broaden the audience for the Symposium and ensure the continued accessibility of the presentations, we made the presentation videos available afterward on the ISB’s website.

Galitski, Timothy, P.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Deep oxidation of glucose in enzymatic fuel cells through a synthetic enzymatic pathway containing a cascade of two thermostable dehydrogenases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deep Deep oxidation of glucose in enzymatic fuel cells through a synthetic enzymatic pathway containing a cascade of two thermostable dehydrogenases Zhiguang Zhu a , Fangfang Sun a , Xiaozhou Zhang a,d , Y.-H. Percival Zhang a,b,c,d,n a Biological Systems Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), 210-A Seitz Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA b Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA c DOE BioEnergy Science Center (BESC), Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA d Gate Fuels Inc., 2200 Kraft Drive, Suite 1200B, Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 January 2012 Received in revised form 26 March 2012 Accepted 4 April 2012 Keywords: Deep oxidation Enzymatic fuel cell Glucose biobattery Thermoenzyme

319

Synthetic fossil fuel technologies: health problems and intersociety cooperation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential health impacts of synthetic fossil fuel products are considered mainly in terms of complex and potentially carcinogenic mixtures of polynuclear aromatic (PNA) compounds. These components of oils and tars present an especially perplexing range of problems to those concerned with health protection. The nature of these problems, such as multifactorial exposure, are discussed within a framework of current and future standards to regulate human exposure. Some activities of government agencies, national laboratories, and professional societies are described. A case can be made for pooling the resources of these groups to achieve better solutions for assessing the acceptability of the various technologies and safeguarding human health.

Gammage, R B; Turner, J E

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from the project 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production', performed at five different full-scale commercial wallboard plants. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study has been to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere at wallboard manufacturing plants when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project has been co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope included seven discrete tasks, each including a test conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different wet FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a base-case test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5,could not be conducted as planned and instead was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3. Subsequently an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced from the Task 5 FGD system, but with an additive expected to impact the stability of mercury, so Task 6 was added to the project. Finally, Task 7 was added to evaluate synthetic gypsum produced at a power plant from an additional coal type. In the project, process stacks in the wallboard plant were sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. In every task, the stack locations sampled included a gypsum dryer and a gypsum calciner. In Tasks 1 and 4 through 7, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. These results and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. The results from the project showed a wide range of percentage mercury losses from the synthetic gypsum feedstocks as measured by the Ontario Hydro method at the process stacks, ranging from 2% to 55% of the mercury in the gypsum feedstock. For the tasks exceeding 10% mercury loss across the wallboard plant, most of the loss occurred across the gypsum calciner. When total wallboard emissions remained below 10%, the primary emission location varied with a much less pronounced difference in emission between the gypsum dryer, calciner and board dryer. For all seven tasks, the majority of the mercury emissions were measured to be in the elemental form (Hg{sup 0}). Overall, the measured mercury loss mass rates ranged from 0.01 to 0.17 grams of mercury per dry ton of synthetic gypsum processed, or 0.01 to 0.4 pounds of mercury released per million square feet of wallboard produced from synthetic gypsum. The Coal Combustion Product Production and Use Survey from the American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) indicate that 7,579,187 short tons of synthetic gypsum were used for wallboard production in 2006. Extrapolating the results of this study to the ACAA industry usage rate, we estimate that mercury releases from wallboard production plants in 2006 ranged between 150 to 3000 pounds for the entire U.S. wallboard industry. With only seven sets of wallboard plant measurements, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions about what variables impact the mercury loss percentages across the wallboard plants. One significant o

Jessica Sanderson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Applicant Organization: | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: More Documents & Publications BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization:...

322

Chlorine-36 abundance in natural and synthetic perchlorate  

SciTech Connect

Perchlorate (ClO{sub 4}{sup -}) is ubiquitous in the environment. It occurs naturally as a product of atmospheric photochemical reactions, and is synthesized for military, aerospace, and industrial applications. Nitrate-enriched soils of the Atacama Desert (Chile) contain high concentrations of natural ClO{sub 4}{sup -}; nitrate produced from these soils has been exported worldwide since the mid-1800's for use in agriculture. The widespread introduction of synthetic and agricultural ClO{sub 4}{sup -} into the environment has complicated attempts to understand the geochemical cycle of ClO{sub 4}{sup -}. Natural ClO{sub 4}{sup -} samples from the southwestern United States have relatively high {sup 36}Cl abundances ({sup 36}Cl/Cl = 3,100 x 10{sup -15} to 28,800 x 10{sup -15}), compared with samples of synthetic ({sup 36}Cl/Cl = 0.0 x 10{sup -15} to 40 x 10{sup -15}) and Atacama Desert ({sup 36}Cl/Cl = 0.9 x 10{sup -15} to 590 x 10{sup -15}) ClO{sub 4}{sup -}. These data give a lower limit for the initial {sup 36}Cl abundance of natural ClO{sub 4}{sup -} and provide temporal and other constraints on its geochemical cycle.

Heikoop, Jeffrey M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dale, M [NON LANL; Sturchio, Neil C [UNIV OF ILLIONOIS; Caffee, M [PURDUE UNIV; Belosa, A D [UNIV OF ILLINOIS; Heraty, Jr., L J [UNIV OF ILLINOIS; Bohike, J K [RESTON, VA; Hatzinger, P B [SHAW ENIVIORNMENTAL C0.; Jackson, W A [TEXAS TECH; Gu, B [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Low Dose Radiation Program: Radiation Biology and the Radiation Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and the Radiation Research Program Biology and the Radiation Research Program The Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor organizations, Energy Research and Development Agency (ERDA) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), always have been concerned about the health effects of ionizing radiation. Extensive research has been conducted under their sponsorship at all levels of biological organization from molecules to man. Over the past 60 years, studies using every type of radiation source have included exposure to both external radiation sources and to internally deposited radioactive materials. These exposures used different dose patterns and distributions delivered over a wide range of experimental times. This extensive research provided the basis for the new Low Dose Radiation Research Program, linking

324

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid for teachers is presented that will allow biology students the opportunity to learn about renewable energy sources. Some of the school activities include using leaves as collectors of solar energy, solar energy stored in wood, and a fuel value test for green and dry woods. A study of organic wastes as a source of fuel is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Metabolic Engineering and Synthetic Biology in Strain Development Every year, we consume about 27 billion barrels of fossil oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

billion barrels of fossil oil. This enormous amount of oil is used for fueling our cars and airplanes

326

Synthetic biology in yeast : reconstructing the galactose network to probe the role of feedback induction in response to metabolic stimuli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

our society. Algae based approaches to biofuel productionbiofuel production from terrestrial crops such as corn (Stephanopoulos, 2007) and unconventional sources like algae (

Ferry, Michael Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

7.013 Introductory Biology, Spring 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Biology Department core courses, 7.012, 7.013, and 7.014, all cover the same core material, which includes the fundamental principles of biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and cell biology. Biological ...

Sive, Hazel L.

328

Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Free ebook Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent Decontamination pdf download.Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent ...

329

Duration, density, and evolutionary form : application of biological principles to architectural surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the way we look at the relationship between artificial and natural in architecture lead to new design possibilities that incorporate the ideas of organic and evolutionary form. When these biological models are ...

Rothenberg, John (John Hershel)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A Parallel Euler Approach for Large-Scale Biological Sequence Assembly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biological sequence assembly is an essential step for sequencing the genomes of organisms. Sequence assembly is very computing intensive especially for the large-scale sequence assembly. Parallel computing is an effective way to reduce the computing ...

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Destruction of organic wastes with molten oxidizers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for destruction of biologically hazardous organic chemical wastes by using liquefied strongly oxidizing inorganic salts, such as the alkali metal nitrates, at high temperatures and atmospheric pressure, to yield inorganic salts, carbon dioxide, and water. The oxidizing salts are regenerated and recycled.

Bradshaw, R.W.; Holmes, J.T.; Tyner, C.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Destruction of organic wastes with molten oxidizers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for destruction of biologically hazardous organic chemical wastes by using liquefied strongly oxidizing inorganic salts, such as the alkali metal nitrates, at high temperatures and atmospheric pressure, to yield inorganic salts, carbon dioxide, and water. The oxidizing salts are regenerated and recycled.

Bradshaw, R.W.; Holmes, J.T.; Tyner, C.E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

333

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect

This report presents and discusses results from Task 6 of the study 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope now includes six discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to include testing with an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. Subsequent to conducting Task 5 under these revised conditions, an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced at the same FGD system, but with an additive (Degussa Corporation's TMT-15) being used in the FGD system. TMT-15 was expected to impact the stability of mercury in synthetic gypsum used to produce wallboard, so Task 6 was added to the project to test this theory. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. For every task, the stack locations sampled have included a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. For Tasks 1, 4, 5 and 6, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 6 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower limestone forced oxidation FGD system, with the forced oxidation conducted in the reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, and the SCR was in service during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. Also, as mentioned above, Degussa additive TMT-15 was being added to the FGD system when this gypsum was produced. The results of the Task 6 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 55% of the incoming mercury was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as about 4% across the dryer mill, 6% across the board dryer kiln, and 45% across the kettle calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 5 results showed on a percentage basis, but about 30% lower on a mass basis. The same power plant FGD system produced the synthetic gypsum used in Task 5 (with no use of TMT-15) and in Task 6 (with TMT-15 added to the FGD system). The lower emissions on a mass basis appeared

Jessica Sanderson; Gary M. Blythe; Mandi Richardson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from Task 6 of the study 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope now includes six discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to include testing with an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. Subsequent to conducting Task 5 under these revised conditions, an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced at the same FGD system, but with an additive (Degussa Corporation's TMT-15) being used in the FGD system. TMT-15 was expected to impact the stability of mercury in synthetic gypsum used to produce wallboard, so Task 6 was added to the project to test this theory. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. For every task, the stack locations sampled have included a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. For Tasks 1, 4, 5 and 6, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 6 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower limestone forced oxidation FGD system, with the forced oxidation conducted in the reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, and the SCR was in service during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. Also, as mentioned above, Degussa additive TMT-15 was being added to the FGD system when this gypsum was produced. The results of the Task 6 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 55% of the incoming mercury was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as about 4% across the dryer mill, 6% across the board dryer kiln, and 45% across the kettle calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 5 results showed on a percentage basis, but about 30% lower on a mass basis. The same power plant FGD system produced the synthetic gypsum used in Task 5 (with no use of TMT-15) and in Task 6 (with TMT-15 added to the FGD system). The lower emissions on a mass basis appeared

Jessica Sanderson; Gary M. Blythe; Mandi Richardson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

BIOLOGICAL BLAST EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect

The scope and nature of several blast hazards are delineated. Tentative criteria are set forth for threshold damage to humans. These criteria are related 10 nuclear weapons in terms of ground ranges and areas involved for one MT and ten MT surface detonations. To allow appreciation of the relative importance of blast with other effects, appropriate values are noted for ionizing and thermal radiation. Four categories of blast hazards are defined, and the character of each is described. The occurrence of combined injuries from pressure, missiles, and displacement is discussed. Experiences in the Texas City disaster of 1947 are reviewed. Selected data relate environmental conditions to gross biologic damage from overpressures, missiles, and impact loading. 86 references. (C.H.)

White, C.S.

1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product, which culminates a two-year curriculum development project is a 152-page curriculum module dealing with genes, environment, and human behavior for use in high school biology classrooms. BSCS began the Project in January 1997 with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy. Development work included the input of an external advisory committee, external reviewers, a panel of writers, and national field testing. BSCS printed 20,000 copies of the module. To date, over 11,000 teachers have requested and received copies of the module free of charge. The curriculum exposes students to methods used to study behavioral genetics and examines the impact if this research on society.

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS)

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

337

Salient Biological Features, Systematics,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Salient Salient Biological Features, Systematics, and Genetic Variation of Populus Gancho T. Slavov and Peter Zhelev Abstract The genus Populus includes morphologically diverse species of decid- uous, relatively short-lived, and fast-growing trees. Most species have wide ranges of distribution but tend to occur primarily in riparian or mountainous habitats. Trees from this genus are typically dioecious, flower before leaf emer- gence, and produce large amounts of wind-dispersed pollen or seeds. Seedlings are drought- and shade-intolerant, and their establishment depends on distur- bance and high soil moisture. Asexual reproduction is common and occurs via root sprouting and/or rooting of shoots. Fossil records suggest that the genus appeared in the late Paleocene or early Eocene (i.e., 50-60 million years BP). According to one commonly used classification, the genus is comprised

338

The eLabBench: an interactive tabletop system for the biology laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the eLabBench -- a tabletop system supporting experimental research in the biology laboratory. The eLabBench allows biologists to organize their experiments around the notions of activities and resources, and seamlessly ... Keywords: activity-based computing, bench, biology, digital notebook, laboratory, tabletop

Aurélien Tabard; Juan-David Hincapié-Ramos; Morten Esbensen; Jakob E. Bardram

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

From Molecular Cell Engineering to Biologically Inspired Engineering DONALD E. INGBER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Molecular Cell Engineering to Biologically Inspired Engineering DONALD E. INGBER Departments) Abstract--The field of Molecular Cell Engineering melds techniques from molecular cell biology, engineering, such as how cells self organize through collective interactions among thousands of individ- ual molecular

Ingber, Donald E.

340

Computational representation of biological systems  

SciTech Connect

Integration of large and diverse biological data sets is a daunting problem facing systems biology researchers. Exploring the complex issues of data validation, integration, and representation, we present a systematic approach for the management and analysis of large biological data sets based on data warehouses. Our system has been implemented in the Bioverse, a framework combining diverse protein information from a variety of knowledge areas such as molecular interactions, pathway localization, protein structure, and protein function.

Frazier, Zach; McDermott, Jason E.; Guerquin, Michal; Samudrala, Ram

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Astrophysical and Biological Constraints on Radiopanspermia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have carried out a series of calculations involving bacteria and viruses embedded in dust grains, which are ejected from our solar system by radiation pressure, and travel through space to other star systems. Under many conditions, this kind of panspermia is impractical, primarily because the ultraviolet (UV) radiation of the present Sun inactivates the micro-organisms. However, if the organisms are shielded by an absorbing material like carbon, and if ejection takes place in the late-Sun (red-giant) phase of a one-solar-mass star like our Sun, there is a significant probability that these micro-organisms can reach another star system alive (i.e., with only sub-lethal damage from UV and ionizing radiation). In addition to panspermia with viable micro-organisms, we note that it is possible to seed the Galaxy with inactivated ones, whose DNA and RNA fragments may provide the initial information necessary to start biological evolution in favorable environments. 1.

Jeff Secker; Paul S. Wesson; James R. Lepock

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Numerical Simulation of Flame-Vortex Interactions in Natural and Synthetic Gas Mixtures .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The interactions between laminar premixed flames and counter-rotating vortex pairs in natural and synthetic gas mixtures have been computationally investigated through the use of Direct… (more)

Weiler, Justin D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Stability of Mullite and V2O3 in Synthetic Slags Based on Molten ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials in Clean Power Systems VI: Clean Coal-, Hydrogen ... In this study, synthetic slags simulating coal-petcoke ash mixtures were evaluated ...

344

Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic Manganese-Substituted Goethite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. , Thesis, Reactions of Plutonium(VI) with the Iron Oxideof Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium and Technetium;Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic

Hu, Yung-Jin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Systems Biology | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

between cells. Computational Biology and KBase -Focuses on research and development of advanced computational tools and resources for processing, analyzing, visualizing, and...

346

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Scientific Staff Mammalian Systems Krassimira Botcheva DNA damage responses; whole genome p53 & chromatin analysis Paul Freimuth Adenovirus attachment, Expression & folding...

347

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outside User Facility at the Biology Department News Releases: Simultaneous Nanoscale Imaging of Surface and Bulk Atoms Details of Bacterial 'Injection' System Revealed Structures...

348

BNL Biology Department - Patents Issued  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Staff For information about patents consult the US Patent Office. For scientific background follow links to investigator's pages. Studier, F. W., Inventor. High Density...

349

Structural Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SHARE Structural Biology ORNL researcher Flora Meilleur prepares protein solutions for structural investigation with neutrons. Source: ORNL Flickr site Researchers are leveraging...

350

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Department Bus: (631) 344 3415 Building 463 Fax: (631) 344 6398 (Administration) Brookhaven Natl. Lab. Fax: (631) 344 3407 (Department) Upton NY 11973-5000 Email:...

351

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Interests The protein folding problem is a fundamental question in molecular biology. We have initiated studies to examine the pathway of protein folding as it occurs in...

352

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Van't Hof Brookhaven National Laboratory From: 1962-1999 Research Interests The cell biology and cytogenetics of higher plants; specifically the development of commercial fiber in...

353

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

microscope because of their low contrast. Electron microscopy became useful to biology over the last 40 years as methods were developed to add high-contrast heavy atoms...

354

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are: I) Methods in membrane-protein structure determination In a presentation to the Biology Working Group at the Workshop on Fourth Generation Light Sources held at Argonne...

355

Environmental Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

communities and the processes by which they transform materials and energy. Much of the funding for these studies is provided by DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental...

356

Mechanical Behavior of Biological Materials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... as it may provide a basis for new synthetic, yet bioinspired, armor materials. ... more mobility and degrees of freedom than traditional rigid ballistic vests.

357

New biology of red rain extremophiles prove cometary panspermia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the extraordinary biology of the microorganisms from the mysterious red rain of Kerala, India. These chemosynthetic organisms grow optimally at an extreme high temperature of 300 degrees C in hydrothermal conditions and can metabolize inorganic and organic compounds including hydrocarbons. Stages found in their life cycle show reproduction by a special multiple fission process and the red cells found in the red rain are identified as the resting spores of these microbes. While these extreme hyperthermophiles contain proteins, our study shows the absence of DNA in these organisms, indicating a new primitive domain of life with alternate thermostable genetics. This new biology proves our earlier hypothesis that these microbes are of extraterrestrial origin and also supports our earlier argument that the mysterious red rain of Kerala is due to the cometary delivery of the red spores into the stratosphere above Kerala.

Godfrey Louis; A. Santhosh Kumar

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

AN INTEGRATED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL SYSTEM AT HANFORD  

SciTech Connect

In 1999 an integrated biological control system was instituted at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Successes and changes to the program needed to be communicated to a large and diverse mix of organizations and individuals. Efforts at communication are directed toward the following: Hanford Contractors (Liquid or Tank Waste, Solid Waste, Environmental Restoration, Science and Technology, Site Infrastructure), General Hanford Employees, and Hanford Advisory Board (Native American Tribes, Environmental Groups, Local Citizens, Washington State and Oregon State regulatory agencies). Communication was done through direct interface meetings, individual communication, where appropriate, and broadly sharing program reports. The objectives of the communication efforts was to have the program well coordinated with Hanford contractors, and to have the program understood well enough that all stakeholders would have confidence in the work performed by the program to reduce or elimated spread of radioactive contamination by biotic vectors. Communication of successes and changes to an integrated biological control system instituted in 1999 at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site have required regular interfaces with not only a diverse group of Hanford contractors (i.e., those responsible for liquid or tank waste, solid wastes, environmental restoration, science and technology, and site infrastructure), and general Hanford employees, but also with a consortium of designated stake holders organized as the Hanford Advisory Board (i.e., Native American tribes, various environmental groups, local citizens, Washington state and Oregon regulatory agencies, etc.). Direct interface meetings, individual communication where appropriate, and transparency of the biological control program were the methods and outcome of this effort.

JOHNSON AR; CAUDILL JG; GIDDINGS RF; RODRIGUEZ JM; ROOS RC; WILDE JW

2010-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

359

Reading Comprehension - Organs and Organ Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

together in a group make up an organ system. Examples of organ systems are cats and dogs the circulatory system and the respiratory system the stomacular system and...

360

Dual-transponder Precision Navigation System for Synthetic Aperture Sonar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technical details of a dual-transponder, long-baseline positioning system to measure the sway of a free towed Synthetic Aperture Sonar (SAS) are presented. The sway is measured with respect to freely deployed, battery powered, transponders which sit stationary on the seabed connected via cables to floating buoys housing high-accuracy GPS timing receivers. A T/R switch allows a single hydrophone on each transponder to alternately receive and transmit linear FM chirp signals. The time of flight of the signals is determined by matched-filtering using a DSP and transmitted to the towboat for storage in real time using RF modems. The sway information is completely independent for each sonar ping and allows the deblurring of the SAS images by post processing. A Matlab simulation predicts a worst case sway accuracy of cm.

E N Pilbrow; M P Hayes; P T Gough

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Economic regulation and the commercialization of synthetic gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The history of the Great Plains coal-gasification plant (proposed for Mercer Co., N.D.) illuminates the role of economic regulation in commercializing new energy technologies. Even though sponsors of such projects seek to ensure cost recovery and profit in advance via the regulatory process, the regulators are reluctant to provide more than partial assurance. Future economic-regulatory entities will have to develop better criteria for deciding which synthetic-gas projects will have access to rolled-in pricing. At least in the near term, most high-Btu manufactured gas will require cross-subsidization by other lower priced gas sources in order to be competitive economically; this makes advance approval of rolled-in pricing crucial to the pace and extent of syngas's market penetration. Regulatory agencies must also address the structure of escalation clauses and price ceilings.

Hall, G.R.

1981-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

362

Composite synthetic roofing structure with integral solar collector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A form-molded synthetic foam roofing section or structure is described, having a solar-collecting insert or panel incorporated therein with a relatively broad undersurface and an exposed surface configured to resemble interlocked and overlapping roofing shingles which are united to support a surface such as wood, metal, etc. During the molding process. The roofing structure may be affixed by any conventional means, such as nails or adhesives, to roof boards, rafters or over old existing roof structures with adjacent roofing sections interconnected by appropriate inlets and outlets for the solar panel insert. Solar heat-collecting fluid may be circulated through the solar panel inserts in a conventional manner. Connecting tubes are provided for connecting the solar panel inserts in adjacent roofing sections and terminal connectors are compatible with all circulating systems.

Gould, W.M.

1981-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Fluoride-containing wastewater converted to synthetic fluorspar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the manufacture of uranium hexafluoride, sulfur hexafluoride, iodine pentafluoride, and antimony pentafluoride, the Allied Corporation's Metropolis Works (Metropolis, IL) generates approximately 250,000 gpd of process wastewater which contains substantial amounts of soluble fluoride. Most of the wastewater is also acidic. Alkaline waste and hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide) in a pair of neutralizers are used to precipitate the soluble fluoride as calcium fluoride. Due to the alkalinity, the material is considered a hazardous waste. The limited availability of land suitable for the construction of impoundment basins and the potential for eventual seepage from the basins presented a challenge to the management and technical staff at the Metropolis Works situation on-site. Efforts were directed toward developing a process to convert the calcium fluoride waste into a useful product. Excess lime waste could be converted to 90% CaF/sub 2/ by neutralizing the lime with hydrofluoric acid. The 90% CaF/sub 2/, closely resembling fluorspar, would be able to be used directly at other Allied plants as a substitute for natural fluorspar in the production of anhydrous hydrofluoric (AHF) acid. Engineering efforts to design a full-scale plant for the recovery of CaF/sub 2/ began in mid-1980. Construction of the plant begin in July, 1981. Since startup in mid-1982, the full scale recovery plant has been in continuous operation. Design capacity is 8000 tons/yr of synthetic fluorspar. The synthetic fluorspar is directly replacing an equivalent amount of imported natural fluorspar in the production of anhydrous hydrofluoric acid. Total cost to construct the CaF/sub 2/ recovery plant was $4.3 million. Currently realized cost savings of about $1 million/yr give the project an expected payback period of under five years.

Cipolla, A.J.; Shields, E.J.; Wickersham, C.P.; Toy, D.A.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Computational biology: a programming perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computation via biological devices has been the subject of close scrutiny since von Neumann's early work some 60 years ago. In spite of the many relevant works in this field, the notion of programming biological devices seems to be, at best, ill-defined. ...

Lars Hartmann; Neil D. Jones; Jakob Grue Simonsen; Søren Bjerregaard Vrist

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main industrial products Myriam and main industrial products Most of biobased polyols for polyurethanes are synthesized from vegetable oils literature; focus on the industrial synthetic routes. Keywords: vegetable oils; biobased polyols

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

366

Ris-PhD-27(EN) Wind Energy Applications of Synthetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø-PhD-27(EN) Wind Energy Applications of Synthetic Aperture Radar Merete Bruun Christiansen Risø National Laboratory Roskilde Denmark November 2006 #12;Author: Merete Bruun Christiansen Title: Wind Energy Applications of Synthetic Aperture Radar Department: Wind Energy Department Risø-PhD-27(EN) November 2006

367

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect

This report presents and discusses results from Task 5 of the study ''Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,'' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. The FGD process is used to control the sulfur dioxide emissions which would result in acid rain if not controlled. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies developed for power plants involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope includes five discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The five tasks were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to evaluate gypsum produced from an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to a previous task, Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. The stack locations sampled for each task include a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. The stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested as part of this task, and was tested as part of Tasks 1 and 4. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 5 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, but the SCR was bypassed during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower, limestone reagent FGD system, with forced oxidation conducted in a reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. Gypsum fines blow down is believed to be an important variable that impacts the amount of mercury in the gypsum byproduct and possibly its stability during the wallboard process. The results of the Task 5 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 51% of the incoming mercury in the FGD gypsum was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as 2% or less each across the wet gypsum dryer and product wallboard dryer, and about 50% across the gypsum calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 3 results showed, on both a percentage and a mass basis, for gypsum produced by a power plant firing bituminous coal and also having gypsum fines blow down as part of the FGD dewatering scheme. As was seen in the Task 1 through 4 results, most of the mercury detected in the stack testing on the wet gypsum dryer and kettle calciner was in the form of elemental mercury. In the wallboard dryer kiln, a more signific

Jessica Marshall Sanderson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The loop quantum theory, which constitutes a very small discontinuous space, as new method is applied to biology. The model of protein folding and lungs is proposed. In the model, some known results are used, and four approximate conclusions are obtained: their structures are quantized, their space regions are finite, various singularities correspond to folding and crossed points, and different types of catastrophe exist. Further, based on the inseparability and correlativity of the biological systems, the nonlinear whole biology is proposed, and four basic hypotheses are formed. It may unify reductionism and holism, structuralism and functionalism. Finally, the medical meaning of the theory is discussed briefly.

Yi-Fang Chang

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Synthetic fuel concept to steal CO2 from air  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

concept, called Green Freedom(tm), for large-scale production of carbon-neutral, sulfur-free fuels and organic chemicals from air and water. February 12, 2008 Los Alamos National...

370

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Permafrost Regions (SCiPR) in Permafrost Regions (SCiPR) BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Soil Carbon in Permafrost Regions (SCiPR) Julie Jastrow, Argonne contact (jdjastrow@anl.gov) The perennially frozen soils of the northern circumpolar permafrost regions harbor one of EarthÂ’s largest carbon reserves. Climate change and other factors causing permafrost to thaw could lead to large releases of CO2 and CH4 from circumpolar soils via enhanced microbial activity. Increasing transfers of these greenhouse gases to the atmosphere are likely to cause a positive feedback that would accelerate the rate of climatic change. But the potential magnitude of this response is unknown, and confidence in current regional and global model predictions is limited by both inadequate process representations and insufficient data on permafrost-region carbon stocks, which are needed to validate the models.

371

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY Graduation Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY Graduation Requirements: A minimum 2.0 average in all in Biology III: Cell Structure and Function (2 cr.; fall) 6. BIOL 24100 Biology IV: Genetics and Molecular Biology (3 cr.; spring) 7. BIOL 24200 Laboratory in Genetics and Molecular Biology (2 cr.; spring) 8. BIOL

Jiang, Wen

372

PNNL: Biological Sciences: Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Frontiers in Biological Sciences The seminar series features nationally/internationally known researchers from industry, government, and academia discussing novel ideas and advancements related to biological sciences. The hour-long seminars will feature a 45-minute talk by the featured speaker followed by 15 minutes of discussion with the audience members. 2014 Tim Donohue Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Department of Bacteriology University of Wisconsin-Madison Director, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Tuesday, January 14, 2014 EMSL Auditorium 11:00 a.m. Biological Insights and Products Gleaned from Mining Bacterial Genomes and Pathways Professor Donohue has been a member of the UW-Madison Bacteriology Department since 1986. His research program studies bacterial energy

373

Environmental Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Biology Environmental Biology SHARE Environmental Biology David Graham, an ORNL microbial physiologist , examines thermokarst features outside Nome, Alaska, as part of the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiment: Arctic project. Led by ORNL, this multidisciplinary, multi-institutional collaboration seeks to improve climate model predictions through advanced understanding of coupled processes in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems. [Image courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory] From gaining deeper insights into carbon cycling processes to understanding and predicting the mechanisms that control contaminant behavior in the environment, ORNL scientists are working to provide solutions for a cleaner world. This research cuts across numerous disciplines-including

374

Biological Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biological Science Biological Science Biological Science The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum gliding through a cell in the gut of a mosquito, its primary host. Although five different species of Plasmodium can cause malaria, Plasmodium falciparum causes the most severe disease. | Photo courtesy of Wikipedia Commons. Read more The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum gliding through a cell in the gut of a mosquito, its primary host. Although five different species of Plasmodium can cause malaria, Plasmodium falciparum causes the most severe disease. | Photo courtesy of Wikipedia Commons. Read more Featured Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad Cholesterol

375

An integrated systems biology approach to understanding the rules of keratinocyte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Institute, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, UK Closely coupled in vitro and in virtuo models have been used to explore the self-organization of normal human keratinocytes (NHK). Although it can be observed experimentally, we lack the tools to explore many biological rules that govern NHK self-organization

Holcombe, Mike

376

Synthetic aperture radar and interferometry development at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Environmental monitoring, earth-resource mapping, and military systems require broad-area imaging at high resolutions. Many times the imagery must be acquired in inclement weather or during night as well as day. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) provides such a capability. SAR systems take advantage of the long-range propagation characteristics of radar signals and the complex information processing capability of modern digital electronics to provide high resolution imagery. SAR complements photographic and other optical imaging capabilities because of the minimum constrains on time-of-day and atmospheric conditions and because of the unique responses of terrain and cultural targets to radar frequencies. Interferometry is a method for generating a three-dimensional image of terrain. The height projection is obtained by acquiring two SAR images from two slightly differing locations. It is different from the common method of stereoscopic imaging for topography. The latter relies on differing geometric projections for triangulation to define the surface geometry whereas interferometry relies on differences in radar propagation times between the two SAR locations. This paper presents the capabilities of SAR, explains how SAR works, describes a few SAR applications, provides an overview of SAR development at Sandia, and briefly describes the motion compensation subsystem.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear facilities, nuclear black markets, periodic nuclear tests, and a resurgence of interest by countries worldwide in developing nuclear capabilities. The security environment will likely continue to evolve in unexpected ways since most of the proliferation threats with which the world will be forced to contend remain unforeseen. To better prepare for and respond to this evolving security environment, many nonproliferation organizations are interested in finding new or better ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations. Of course, all organizations, whether they are market driven or non-profit, must operate effectively and efficiently if they are to succeed. Indeed, as this study demonstrates, many of the management principles that this study recommends can help all organizations succeed. However, this study pays particular attention to nonproliferation organizations because of the mission they are responsible for fulfilling. Nonproliferation organizations, including nonproliferation programs that operate within a larger national security organization, are responsible for reducing the threat of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. These organizations have an enduring mandate from the public and the international community not to fail in the completion of their mission for failure could have detrimental impacts on international security, public health and the environment. Moreover, the public expects nonproliferation organizations and programs to fulfill their mission, even when resources are limited. They are expected to anticipate and react quickly to prevent a potential threat while staying accountable to their public stakeholders, many of whom remain unaware of the very threats the organization is trying to address. When budgets are flush, it is easy to believe that money will solve all problems; but during times of economic hardship, managers must rely on creative and cost-effective management approaches to implement their missions. Fortunately, managers of nonproliferation organizations can draw on a wealth of research on organizational design and culture to help them identify the management strategies most appropriate for them. Such research can help nonproliferation managers think about their own organizational structures and cultures and adapt accepted management principles to their unique organizational mission. This analytical process is not straight forward, as some managers may find themselves taking risks that others might not take, such as making ostensibly risky investments for the common good, or supporting creative thinking to help mission accomplishment. Some management principles that are relatively straightforward for other organizations may be difficult to envision and implement in a nonproliferation organization. Therefore, the goal of this study is to help nonproliferation managers identify management principles that can be implemented in a nonproliferation organization and, in the process, help maximize the value of the organization's products and effectiveness of its mission.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Hund, Gretchen

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

378

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand of the Extramatrical Mycorrhizal Fungal Network Contact: R. Michael Miller (rmmiller@anl.gov) We are evaluating the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on the sequential growth and allocation of both ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum) at the Aspen FACE site. The Aspen FACE approach consists of 30 m diameter rings of gas-dispensing pipes that allow us to fumigate intact forest canopies with atmospheric pollutants and study the interaction of plants, soils and atmosphere (http://aspenface.mtu.edu/index.html). We have used several different approaches to quantifying treatment effects on the mycorrhizal fungal network, especially how host responses influence root associated colonization and extramatrical hyphal (EMH) production and symbiotic benefit. Over the last six years we have been developing and improving upon methods to better quantify root associated mycorrhizal fungal biomass and EMH production and standing crop. Because both AMF and EMF play a significant role in the system of study we also have had to develop a means of separating the production of these different mycorrhizae, especially quantification of the EMH.

379

Method for biological purification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is disclosed for containing a microorganism culture in an active exponential growth and delivering a supply of microorganisms to an environment containing wastes for bio-augmenting the biodegradation of the wastes. The apparatus comprises a bioreactor and an operably connected controller. The bioreactor has a bioreactor chamber for containing a supply of microorganisms, a second chamber for containing a supply of water and inorganic nutrients, and a third chamber for containing a supply of organic nutrients. The bioreactor is operably connected to the controller in which a first pump is operably connected in fluid communication between the bioreactor chamber and the second chamber and third chamber, and a second pump is operably connected in fluid communication between the bioreactor chamber and the environment containing wastes to be biodegraded. The controller further includes a timer and regulator operably connected to the first and second pumps to effectively maintain the microorganisms in exponential growth in the bioreactor chamber and to deliver microorganisms to an environment to be treated. Also, disclosed is a method for bio-augmenting the biodegradation of wastes.

Lucido, John A. (Mt. Sinai, NY); Keenan, Daniel (Rockville Centre, NY); Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow S. (Rocky Point, NY); Shelenkova, Ludmila (Yaphank, NY)

2001-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

Microfluidics for optics and quantitative cell biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. European Journal of Cell Biology 2006 . Thompson, D. M. ;S. H. Journal of Cell Biology 1977 , 75 , 606-616. Zicha,Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 1997 , 48 , 493-523.

Campbell, James Kyle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Monte Carlo simulation in systems biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 The history of Monte Carlo Sampling in Systems Biology 1.1simulation tools: the systems biology workbench and biospiceCellular and Molecular Biology. ASM Press, Washington

Schellenberger, Jan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Engineering supported membranes for cell biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

membranes in structural biology. J Struct Biol 168:1–2 50.supported membranes for cell biology Cheng-han Yu • Jay T.range problems in cell biology. Because lateral mobility of

Yu, Cheng-han; Groves, Jay T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The systems biology simulation core algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keller et al. : The systems biology simulation core algo-rithm. BMC Systems Biology 2013 7:55. Page 16 of 16 SubmitMacilwain C: Systems biology: evolving into the mainstream.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Abstract machines of systems biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Living cells are extremely well-organized autonomous systems, consisting of discrete interacting components. Key to understanding and modeling their behavior is modeling their system organization. Four distinct chemical toolkits (classes of macromolecules) ...

Luca Cardelli

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Outside User Facility at the Biology Department An Outside User Facility at the Biology Department News Releases: Simultaneous Nanoscale Imaging of Surface and Bulk Atoms Details of Bacterial 'Injection' System Revealed Structures of Important Plant Viruses Determined Contacts: Joseph S. Wall James F. Hainfeld Martha N. Simon Frank E. Kito Beth Yu Lin wall@bnl.gov hainfeld@bnl.gov msimon@bnl.gov fkito@bnl.gov bylin@bnl.gov tel: (631) 344-2912 tel: (631) 344-3367 tel: (631) 344-3372 tel: (631) 344-3372 tel: (631) 344-3372 BNL STEM Group (click to enlarge) Biology Department, Bldg 463 Brookhaven National Lab Upton, NY 11973-5000 fax: (631) 344-3407 DOE BER Logo Facility: STEM is a custom-built electron microscope optimized for imaging unstained biological molecules with minimal radiation damage. The group at Brookhaven operates

386

Michael Levitt and Computational Biology  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Michael Levitt and Computational Biology Michael Levitt and Computational Biology Resources with Additional Information · Publications Michael Levitt Courtesy of Linda A. Cicero / Stanford News Service Michael Levitt, PhD, professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, has won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. ... Levitt ... shares the ... prize with Martin Karplus ... and Arieh Warshel ... "for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems." Levitt's work focuses on theoretical, computer-aided analysis of protein, DNA and RNA molecules responsible for life at its most fundamental level. Delineating the precise molecular structures of biological molecules is a necessary first step in understanding how they work and in designing drugs to alter their function. ...

387

Biological Interfaces | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Interfaces A scientist examines bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of a poplar tree as part of research on plant-microbe interactions.Source: ORNL Flickr site ORNL...

388

BNL Biology Department - Open House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Open House Open House in Biology is an annual event as part of BNL's Summer Sunday Tours in July and August. Have a look at pictures from past years: Open House 2001 Open House...

389

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory From: 1599- 61400 Past BNL Research Interests I am the biology beamline scientist at x-ray beamline X25 at the National Synchrotron Light Source and...

390

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of protein fingerprints: A novel information resource for computational molecular biology. J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 37:417-424 (1997). Bewley M.C., Lot, J.S., Baker E.N.,...

391

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Other Imaging Techniques (See Wiki of underlined terms) Biological STEM: (BNL, Engel, Leapman, Ortega) emphasis on low-dose, dark field imaging of very thin specimens (2nm...

392

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dry on a grid. To obtain residue-free water, we start with distilled water from the Biology Bldg. and pass it through a Millipore Milli Q system to remove ions (18M...

393

Structural Biology Helps Drug Discovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structural Biology Helps Drug Discovery Print Last year, drug discovery company Plexxikon made front-page news with its highly successful anti-cancer drug, Zelboraf, a product that...

394

Biological Sludge Reduction and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes research sponsored by EPRI and Advanced Biological Services (ABS). A series of experiments focused on the reduction and analysis of biological sludge in pulp mill wastewater. The first experiment involved optimization of the milling process through the alteration of the grinding gap and the number of times sludge was passed through the colloid mill in order to affect fractionation, dispersion, and lysis. For the second experiment, tests were conducted to evaluate the effect of ble...

2001-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

395

Conservation Biology (Biology 45300) An Ecology Course for the Fall of 2007 with RF Rockwell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Biology (Biology 45300) An Ecology Course for the Fall of 2007 with RF Rockwell Biology 45300 - Conservation Biology This undergraduate course provides an introduction to conservation biology with an emphasis on the interplay of various fields of biology in the mamangement and conservation

Lombardi, John R.

396

The war of the roses: demilitarizing invasion biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demilitarizing invasion biology BMH Larson new socialdemilitarizing invasion biology Brendon MH Larson Biologistsmetaphors within invasion biology. I argue that these

Larson, BMH

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Division of Chemical & Biological Sciences | Ames Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division of Chemical & Biological Sciences Division of Chemical & Biological Sciences Image Welcome Research teams in this Division conduct fundamental and applied studies of how...

398

Computational biology and high performance computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biology and High Performance Computing Manfred Zorn, TeresaBiology and High Performance Computing Presenters: Manfred99-Portland High performance computing has become one of the

Shoichet, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

JIBS | Joint Institute for Biological Sciences | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Institute for Biological Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Biological Sciences The Joint Institute of ORNL and the University of Tennessee has a single mission: to enable...

400

BNL Biology Department - BusinessOps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Department Mission Statement The mission of the Biology Department is to produce excellent science and advanced technology in a safe, environmentally benign manner, and to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Molecular Foundry - Biological Nanostructures - Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to produce nano-scale assemblies; 2) analysis of biological systems using new nanocrystal-based luminescent probes; and 3) mimicry of precise biological architectures with...

402

PNNL: Biological Sciences Programs & Projects: FCSD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects Biological & Environmental Research-PNNL Proteomics Center for Systems Biology of EnteroPathogens DOE Genomic Science Program Foundational Scientific Focus Area (FSFA)...

403

Biomonitoring test procedures and biological criteria  

SciTech Connect

The Water Environment Federation recently issued a special publication, Biomonitoring in the Water Environment. In this paper, the authors highlight the contents of the chapter 3, Biomonitoring Test Procedures, identify current trends in test procedures and introduce the concept of biological criteria (biocriteria). The book chapter (and this paper) focuses on freshwater and marine chronic and acute toxicity tests used in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits program to identify effluents and receiving waters containing toxic materials in acutely or chronically toxic concentrations. The two major categories of toxicity tests include acute tests and chronic tests. The USEPA chronic tests required in NPDEs permits have been shortened to 7 days by focusing on the most sensitive life-cycle stages; these tests are often referred to as short-term chronic tests. The type of test(s) required depend on NPDES permit requirements, objectives of the test, available resources, requirements of the test organisms, and effluent characteristics such as variability in flow or toxicity. The permit writer will determine the requirements for toxicity test(s) by considering such factors as dilution, effluent variability, and exposure variability. Whether the required test is acute or chronic, the objective of the test is to estimate the safe or no effect concentration which is defined as the concentration which will permit normal propagation of fish and other aquatic life in the receiving waters. In this paper, the authors review the types of toxicity tests, the commonly used test organisms, and the uses of toxicity test data. In addition, they briefly describe research on new methods and the use of biological criteria.

Kszos, L.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lipschultz, M.J. [City of Las Vegas, NV (United States); Foster, W.E. [Saint Mary`s Coll., Winona, MN (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drug DeliveryVehicle for Glioblastoma Multiforme  

SciTech Connect

This paper discribes a synthetic low density lipoprotein(LDL) made by complexing a 29 amino acid that consists of a lipid bindingdomain and the LDL receptor binding domain with a lipid microemulsion.The nano-LDL particles were intermdiate in size between LDL and HDL andbound to LDL receptors on GBM brain tumor cells. Synthetic nano-LDLuptake by GBM cells was LDL receptor specific and dependent on cellreceptor number. It is suggested that these synthetic particles can serveas a delivery vehicle for hydophobic anti-tumor drugs by targeting theLDL receptor.

Nikanjam, Mina; Blakely, Eleanor A.; Bjornstad, Kathleen A.; Shu,Xiao; Budinger, Thomas F.; Forte, Trudy M.

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Characterization of Interstellar Organic Molecules  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the origins of life has been one of the greatest dreams throughout history. It is now known that star-forming regions contain complex organic molecules, known as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), each of which has particular infrared spectral characteristics. By understanding which PAH species are found in specific star-forming regions, we can better understand the biochemistry that takes place in interstellar clouds. Identifying and classifying PAHs is not an easy task: we can only observe a single superposition of PAH spectra at any given astrophysical site, with the PAH species perhaps numbering in the hundreds or even thousands. This is a challenging source separation problem since we have only one observation composed of numerous mixed sources. However, it is made easier with the help of a library of hundreds of PAH spectra. In order to separate PAH molecules from their mixture, we need to identify the specific species and their unique concentrations that would provide the given mixture. We develop a Bayesian approach for this problem where sources are separated from their mixture by Metropolis Hastings algorithm. Separated PAH concentrations are provided with their error bars, illustrating the uncertainties involved in the estimation process. The approach is demonstrated on synthetic spectral mixtures using spectral resolutions from the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). Performance of the method is tested for different noise levels.

Gencaga, Deniz; Knuth, Kevin H. [University at Albany, Department of Physics, Albany, NY (United States); Carbon, Duane F. [NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

Organization | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Leadership Organization Contact Us The Office of Economic Impact and Diversity is comprised of six offices: The Office of the Director- contact us Office of...

407

SSRL Users' Organization Ballot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2003 SSRL Users' Organization Executive Committee (SSRLUO-EC) Ballot The SSRL Users' Organization Executive Committee represents the scientific user community to the SSRL...

408

Assimilation of Synthetic Tropical Cyclone Observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In June 1990, the assimilation of synthetic tropical cyclone observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) was initiated at Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (FNOC). These observations are derived directly ...

James S. Goerss; Richard A. Jeffries

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Multifrequency and multistatic inverse synthetic aperture radar, with application to FM passive radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the imaging of a moving target using a multifrequency and multistatic radar consisting in one receiver and several narrowband transmitters. Considering two hypotheses about the studied target, we derive two multistatic inverse synthetic ...

Guillaume Ginolhac; Françoise Schmitt; Franck Daout; Philippe Forster

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Synthetic Subsurface Pressure Derived from Bottom Pressure and Tide Gauge Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic subsurface pressure (SSP) can be formed from tide gauge records and from bottom pressure measurements to provide a consistent and convenient basis for comparison of these two different types of observations. Common methods for this ...

Sabine Harms; Clinton D. Winant

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Interbilayer-crosslinked multilamellar vesicles as synthetic vaccines for potent humoral and cellular immune responses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vaccines based on recombinant proteins avoid the toxicity and antivector immunity associated with live vaccine (for example, viral) vectors, but their immunogenicity is poor, particularly for CD8+ T-cell responses. Synthetic ...

Moon, James J.

412

Use of Synthetic Aperture Radar in Finescale Surface Analysis of Synoptic-Scale Fronts at Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The viability of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) as a tool for finescale marine meteorological surface analyses of synoptic-scale fronts is demonstrated. In particular, it is shown that SAR can reveal the presence of, and the mesoscale and ...

G. S. Young; T. N. Sikora; N. S. Winstead

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Rhine Outflow Plume Studied by the Analysis of Synthetic Aperture Radar Data and Numerical Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of the Rhine outflow plume in the proximity of the river mouth is investigated by using remote sensing data and numerical simulations. The remote sensing data consist of 41 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images acquired by the First ...

Katrin Hessner; Angelo Rubino; Peter Brandt; Werner Alpers

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Use of Synthetic Hurricane Tracks in Risk Analysis and Climate Change Damage Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the lack of data on past hurricanes, empirical evaluations of the statistics needed for risk management are very uncertain. An alternative strategy is to use a hurricane model to produce large sets of synthetic hurricane tracks. This ...

Stéphane Hallegatte

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Realistic assessment of direct radiolysis for synthetic fuels production using fusion radiation sources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These studies indicate that synthetic fuel production by direct radiolysis cannot compete economically with other production methods. Low G-values and radiation contamination of products are given as reasons. (MOW)

Pendergrass, J.H.; Booth, L.A.; Finch, F.T.; Frank, T.G.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Use of Synthetic Data to Test Flight Patterns for a Boundary Layer Field Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual research aircraft was flown through a synthetic atmospheric boundary layer to help design a real flight plan that would allow robust turbulence statistics to be obtained in a heterogeneous, evolving, convective boundary layer. The ...

Edi Santoso; Roland Stull

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Observations of Bora Events over the Adriatic Sea and Black Sea by Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bora events over the Adriatic Sea and Black Sea are investigated by using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images acquired by the advanced SAR (ASAR) on board the European satellite Envisat. It is shown that the sea surface roughness patterns ...

Werner Alpers; Andrei Ivanov; Jochen Horstmann

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The Generation of Synthetic Sea Surface Temperature Data for the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic monthly SST anomaly data are constructed using frequency domain analyses of significant principle components derived from reconstructed SST data in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. The model provides insight into the dominant physical ...

J. M. Caron; J. J. O’Brien

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Synthetic Aperture Radar as a Tool for Investigating Polar Mesoscale Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polar mesoscale cyclones are intense vortices that form in cold, marine air masses poleward of major jet streams and frontal zones. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) should be considered as a potential tool for the study of polar mesoscale cyclones ...

Todd D. Sikora; Karen S. Friedman; William G. Pichel; Pablo Clemente-Colón

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

The synthetic multivulva genes and their suppressors regulate opposing cell fates through chromatin remodeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synthetic multivulva (synMuv) genes act redundantly to inhibit vulval fates in Caenorhabditis elegans. These genes are grouped into three classes called A, B and C. The class A genes encode putative transcription ...

Andersen, Erik C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Molecular Foundry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inelastic X-ray Scattering of transition metal compounds" April 2, 2013 - Caroline Ajo-Franklin, on "Engineering Electronic Nanointerfaces Into Organisms Using Synthetic Biology "...

422

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1021, Subpart 0 , Appendix B; (5) involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic biology, governmentally designated noxious weeds, or invasive species, unless the proposed...

423

U.S. Department of Energy Southwestern Power Admin  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1021, Subpart D, Appendix B; (5) involve genetically engineered organisms, synthetic biology, governmentally designated noxious weeds, or invasive species, unless the proposed...

424

Model Energy Conversion Efficiency of Biological Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MML Researchers Model Energy Conversion Efficiency of Biological Systems. Novel, highly efficient energy conversion ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Technical Working Group on Biological Evidence Preservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Working Group on Biological Evidence Preservation. ... Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner Technical Assistance, National Protocol; ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Homeland Security Chemical/Biological/Radiological/Nuclear ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Information at NIST. Homeland Security Chemical/Biological/Radiological/ Nuclear/Explosives (CBRNE) Information at NIST. ...

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

427

Design Methodology for Development of Behavioral Synthesis Generic and Synthetic Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of benchmarking as an essential methodology in evaluating and comparing digital systems synthesis tools is well established. Equally well are the limitations of the majority of current benchmarks recognized. Our primary goal is to lay out the theoretically and statistically sound foundations for addressing the key issues related to the selection of generic benchmarks and the synthesis and analysis of statistical synthetic benchmarks. The methodology for the synthetic benchmark generation uses as an intermediate step the methodology for the generic benchmark selection. The benefits of our methodology for the generic benchmark selection are: (1) it provides the sound statistical foundations for the generic benchmark selection, (2) it establishes the fact that the development of a generic benchmark is a well-defined optimization problem. The advantages of the statistical synthetic benchmarks over the generic benchmarks include: (1) having an unlimited supply of synthetic design examples, (2) obtaining the real-life like design examples which suit a particular design or analysis need, (3) having a test set which better fits all available real-life design examples. Due to the fact that the synthetic benchmark generation is based on the generic benchmark selection, the entire process of the generic and synthetic benchmark development is in sequence. It consists of the following five-stages: (1) collecting and analyzing real life design examples, (2) extracting and selecting the relevant properties that are used to specify designs, (3) deriving a generic benchmark set from the real life design examples, (4) developing the synthetic benchmark generator, and (5) constructing a synthetic benchmark set for the current applications or the future applications based ...

Hm Ar Ks

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

System and method for forming synthetic protein crystals to determine the conformational structure by crystallography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming synthetic crystals of proteins in a carrier fluid by use of the dipole moments of protein macromolecules that self-align in the Helmholtz layer adjacent to an electrode. The voltage gradients of such layers easily exceed 10.sup.6 V/m. The synthetic protein crystals are subjected to x-ray crystallography to determine the conformational structure of the protein involved.

Craig, George D. (Lafayette, CA); Glass, Robert (Livermore, CA); Rupp, Bernhard (Dublin, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Process for gasification using a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gasification process is disclosed using a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor consisting essentially of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate supported in a refractory carrier matrix, the carrier having the general formula Ca.sub.5 (SiO.sub.4).sub.2 CO.sub.3. A method for producing the synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor is also disclosed.

Lancet, Michael S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Curran, George P. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

System and method for forming synthetic protein crystals to determine the conformational structure by crystallography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed for forming synthetic crystals of proteins in a carrier fluid by use of the dipole moments of protein macromolecules that self-align in the Helmholtz layer adjacent to an electrode. The voltage gradients of such layers easily exceed 10{sup 6}V/m. The synthetic protein crystals are subjected to x-ray crystallography to determine the conformational structure of the protein involved. 2 figs.

Craig, G.D.; Glass, R.; Rupp, B.

1997-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

431

Systems studies of dual purpose electric/synthetic fuels fusion plants  

SciTech Connect

A reactor power plant is proposed that can meet base load electrical demand, while the remainder can generate synthetic fuels and meet intermittent electrical demands. Two principal objectives of this study are: (1) to examine how strongly various economic demand and resource factors affect the amount of installed CTR capacity, and (2) to examine what increase in CTR capacity can be expected with dual purpose electric/synthetic fuel fusion plants, and also the relative importance of the different production modes. (MOW)

Beardsworth, E.; Powell, J.

1975-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

New synthetic derivatives of triterpenoids in the treatment of cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18?-olean-1,12-dien-30-oate (?-CDODA-Me) and methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18?-olean-1,12-dien-30-oate (?-CDODA-Me ) isomers are synthetic analogs of the naturally occurring triterpenoid glycyrrhetinic acid. The activity of these compounds as selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) agonists and as cytotoxic anticancer agents has been investigated in colon, prostate and pancreatic cancer cells. In colon cancer cells ?-CDODA-Me arrested the growth at G2/M and this was accompanied by decreased expression of Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 protein and mRNA and several Sp-dependent genes including survivin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1 or Flt-1). ?-CDODA-Me also inhibited tumor growth in athymic nude mice bearing RKO cells as xenografts. ?- CDODA-Me decreased expression of microRNA-27a (miR-27a), and this was accompanied by increased expression of two miR-27a-regulated mRNAs, namely ZBTB10 (an Sp repressor) and Myt-1 which catalyzes phosphorylation of cdc2 to inhibit progression of cells through G2/M. In LNCaP prostate cancer cells induction of two proapoptotic proteins namely nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug- activated gene-1 (NAG-1) and activating transcription factor-3 (ATF-3) was PPAR? independent and required activation of kinases. ?-CDODA-Me also decreased the levels of androgen receptor (AR) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) mRNA and protein levels. Thus the cytotoxicity of ?- CDODA-Me involved multiple pathways that selectively activate growth inhibitory and proapoptotic responses. Betulinic acid (BA), an inhibitor of melanoma is a pentacyclic triterpenoid natural product that induces apoptosis and antiangiogenic responses in tumors derived from multiple tissues. However, the underlying mechanism of action of BA is unknown. In LNCaP prostate cancer cells, BA acts as a novel anticancer agent by inducing proteasome-dependent repression of Sp proteins and Sp- dependent genes. The anticancer activity of the 2-cyano substituted analogs of BA, CN-BA and its methyl ester, CN-BA-Me was also investigated in colon and pancreatic cancer cells. Both CNBA and CN-BA-Me were highly cytotoxic and activated PPAR? and induced several receptor-mediated responses. The results clearly demonstrated that both the PPAR? agonist activities of CN-BA and CN-BA-Me were structure-, response-/gene- and cell context-dependent suggesting that these compounds are a novel class of selective PPAR? modulators with potential for clinical treatment of prostate, colon and pancreatic cancer.

Papineni, Sabitha

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Procedure for matching synfuel users with potential suppliers. Appendix B. Proposed and ongoing synthetic fuel production projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To assist the Department of Energy, Office of Fuels Conversion (OFC), in implementing the synthetic fuel exemption under the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act (FUA) of 1978, Resource Consulting Group, Inc. (RCG), has developed a procedure for matching prospective users and producers of synthetic fuel. The matching procedure, which involves a hierarchical screening process, is designed to assist OFC in: locating a supplier for a firm that wishes to obtain a synthetic fuel exemption; determining whether the fuel supplier proposed by a petitioner is technically and economically capable of meeting the petitioner's needs; and assisting the Synthetic Fuels Corporation or a synthetic fuel supplier in evaluating potential markets for synthetic fuel production. A data base is provided in this appendix on proposed and ongoing synthetic fuel production projects to be used in applying the screening procedure. The data base encompasses a total of 212 projects in the seven production technologies.

None

1981-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect

A transition from petroleum~derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F~T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber a-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile a-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fully synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fuel.

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect

A transition from petroleum-derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber o-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile o-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fuIly synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fueL

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

PNNL: Biological Sciences - Alphabetical List of all Biological...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alphabetical List of all Biological Sciences Staff A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Adkins, Joshua N Anderson, Brian J Anderson, Gordon A Anderson, Lindsey N...

437

Systems biology approach to bioremediation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bioremediation has historically been approached as a ?black box? in terms of our fundamental understanding. Thus it succeeds and fails, seldom without a complete understanding of why. Systems biology is an integrated research approach to study complex biological systems, by investigating interactions and networks at the molecular, cellular, community, and ecosystem level. The knowledge of these interactions within individual components is fundamental to understanding the dynamics of the ecosystem under investigation. Understanding and modeling functional microbial community structure and stress responses in environments at all levels have tremendous implications for our fundamental understanding of hydrobiogeochemical processes and the potential for making bioremediation breakthroughs and illuminating the ?black box?.

Chakraborty, R.; Wu, C. H.; Hazen, T. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Organic Electronics: Organic thin-film magnetometers  

SciTech Connect

Magnetometry usually requires large probes and bulky instrumentation. Organic diodes have now been used in small probes that can measure moderate magnetic fields with 10 ppm precision.

Shinar, Joseph

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

439

Transportation Organization and Functions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Office of Packaging and Transportation list of organizations and functions, with a list of acronyms.

440

TREC Organization User Agreement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organization Application to use the TREC Information- Retrieval Text Research Collections. The _____ ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Standards Development Organization Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standards Organizations NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) ... Fire News – Annual directory – NFPA Buyer's Guide ... Headquarters ...

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

442

Biological and Chemical Engineering Building,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Varian Physics Sequoia Hall William R. Hewlett Teaching Center Herrin Hall Gilbert Biological Sciences Blake Wilbur Clinic 777 OHNS Clinic Lou Henry Hoover House Vaden Health Center Bing Nursery School Admin. HFD Branner Dining Dining Parking Struct. 7 William H. Neukom Building Avery Plaza DAPER Corp

Sonnenburg, Justin L.

443

Theoretical Physics in Cellular Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Physics in Cellular Biology: Some Illustrative Case Studies Living matter obeys the laws of physics, and the principles and methods of theoretical physics ought to find useful application observation, I will describe a few specific instances where approaches inspired by theoretical physics allow

444

SINGLE MOLECULE APPROACHES TO BIOLOGY, 2010 GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE, JUNE 27-JULY 2, 2010, ITALY  

SciTech Connect

The 2010 Gordon Conference on Single-Molecule Approaches to Biology focuses on cutting-edge research in single-molecule science. Tremendous technical developments have made it possible to detect, identify, track, and manipulate single biomolecules in an ambient environment or even in a live cell. Single-molecule approaches have changed the way many biological problems are addressed, and new knowledge derived from these approaches continues to emerge. The ability of single-molecule approaches to avoid ensemble averaging and to capture transient intermediates and heterogeneous behavior renders them particularly powerful in elucidating mechanisms of biomolecular machines: what they do, how they work individually, how they work together, and finally, how they work inside live cells. The burgeoning use of single-molecule methods to elucidate biological problems is a highly multidisciplinary pursuit, involving both force- and fluorescence-based methods, the most up-to-date advances in microscopy, innovative biological and chemical approaches, and nanotechnology tools. This conference seeks to bring together top experts in molecular and cell biology with innovators in the measurement and manipulation of single molecules, and will provide opportunities for junior scientists and graduate students to present their work in poster format and to exchange ideas with leaders in the field. A number of excellent poster presenters will be selected for short oral talks. Topics as diverse as single-molecule sequencing, DNA/RNA/protein interactions, folding machines, cellular biophysics, synthetic biology and bioengineering, force spectroscopy, new method developments, superresolution imaging in cells, and novel probes for single-molecule imaging will be on the program. Additionally, the collegial atmosphere of this Conference, with programmed discussion sessions as well as opportunities for informal gatherings in the afternoons and evenings in the beauty of the Il Ciocco site in Tuscany, provides an avenue for scientists from different disciplines to interact and brainstorm and promotes cross-disciplinary collaborations directed toward compelling biological problems.

Professor William Moerner

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

445

[Theory of relative biological effectiveness]. Annual technical progress report, 1 January 1992--31 December 1992  

SciTech Connect

Research continued on relative biological effectiveness, in the following areas: radial distribution of dose about the path of an energetic heavy ion; the response of E. Coli mutants to ionizing radiations; the application of a fragmentation model to to the calculation of cell survival and mutation with heavy ion beams; biological radiation effects from gamma radiation and heavy ion beams on organisms; cancer induction in the Harderian Gland by HZE particles; and effects of low dose radiations. (CBS)

Katz, R.

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

2012 CELLULAR & MOLECULAR FUNGAL BIOLOGY GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE, JUNE 17 - 22, 2012  

SciTech Connect

The Gordon Research Conference on CELLULAR & MOLECULAR FUNGAL BIOLOGY was held at Holderness School, Holderness New Hampshire, June 17 - 22, 2012. The 2012 Gordon Conference on Cellular and Molecular Fungal Biology (CMFB) will present the latest, cutting-edge research on the exciting and growing field of molecular and cellular aspects of fungal biology. Topics will range from yeast to filamentous fungi, from model systems to economically important organisms, and from saprophytes and commensals to pathogens of plants and animals. The CMFB conference will feature a wide range of topics including systems biology, cell biology and morphogenesis, organismal interactions, genome organisation and regulation, pathogenesis, energy metabolism, biomass production and population genomics. The Conference was well-attended with 136 participants. Gordon Research Conferences does not permit publication of meeting proceedings.

Judith Berman

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

Chemical and Biological Engineering Department Code 1 Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical and Biological Engineering Department Code 1 CODE of the Department of Chemical of Chemical & Biological Engineering. For clarity of presentation, some passages are copied directly from shall offer an undergraduate chemical and biological engineering program of technological, scientific

448

Biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PI NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Program at the University of Pennsylvania, M. Klein, PI National Stable Isotope Resource at ...

449

The Role of Spin for Kinetic Control of Recombination in Organic Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In biological complexes, cascade structures promote the spatial separation of photogenerated electrons and holes, preventing their recombination. In contrast, the photogenerated excitons in organic photovoltaic cells are dissociated at a single...

Akshay, Rao; Philip C.Y., Chow; Gélinas, Simon; Schlenker, Cody W.; Li, Chang-Zhi; Yip, Hin-Lap; Jen, Alex K-Y.; Ginger, David S.; Friend, Richard H.

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

450

Tetratopic phenyl compounds, related metal-organic framework materials and post-assembly elaboration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are tetratopic carboxylic acid phenyl for use in metal-organic framework compounds. These compounds are useful in catalysis, gas storage, sensing, biological imaging, drug delivery and gas adsorption separation.

Farha, Omar K; Hupp, Joseph T

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

451

Tetratopic phenyl compounds, related metal-organic framework materials and post-assembly elaboration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are tetratopic carboxylic acid phenyl for use in metal-organic framework compounds. These compounds are useful in catalysis, gas storage, sensing, biological imaging, drug delivery and gas adsorption separation.

Farha, Omar K.; Hupp, Joseph T.

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

452

Organic photovoltaics and concentrators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The separation of light harvesting and charge generation offers several advantages in the design of organic photovoltaics and organic solar concentrators for the ultimate end goal of achieving a lower cost solar electric ...

Mapel, Jonathan King

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Atomic Biology, Electrostatics, and Ionic Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I believe an atomic biology is needed to supplement present day molecular biology, if we are to design and understand proteins, as well as define, make, and use them.

Eisenberg, R S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

BMC Evolutionary Biology BioMed Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research article Unveiling an ancient biological invasion: molecular analysis of an old European alien, the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata)

Emiliano Trucchi; Valerio Sbordoni

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Biology and medical research at the exascale.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in computational hardware and algorithms that have transformed areas of physics and engineering have recently brought similar benefits to biology and biomedical research. Biological sciences are undergoing a revolution. High-performance computing has accelerated the transition from hypothesis-driven to design-driven research at all scales, and computational simulation of biological systems is now driving the direction of biological experimentation and the generation of insights.

Wolf, L.; Pieper, G. W. (CLS-CI); ( MCS)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Extreme Sensitivity in Biological ...  

THE LLNL TECHNOLOGY COMPANY PRODUCT 24 Partnering Today: Technology Transfer Highlights Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Extreme Sensitivity in Biological Research

457

Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Description. Chemical and biological warfare agents are threats to the military and civilians alike in both terrorist and conventional warfare ...

458

Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agent Decontamination: George O. Bizzigolli, Richard P. Rhoads, Stephen J. Lee: 9781906799069: Books - ...

459

Comparison of Nonlinear Model Results Using Modified Recorded and Synthetic Ground Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study has been performed that compares results of nonlinear model runs using two sets of earthquake ground motion time histories that have been modified to fit the same design response spectra. The time histories include applicable modified recorded earthquake ground motion time histories and synthetic ground motion time histories. The modified recorded earthquake ground motion time histories are modified from time history records that are selected based on consistent magnitude and distance. The synthetic ground motion time histories are generated using appropriate Fourier amplitude spectrums, Arias intensity, and drift correction. All of the time history modification is performed using the same algorithm to fit the design response spectra. The study provides data to demonstrate that properly managed synthetic ground motion time histories are reasonable for use in nonlinear seismic analysis.

Robert E. Spears; J. Kevin Wilkins

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

New sensor technology detects chemical, biological, nuclear and explosive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New New sensor technology detects chemical, biological, nuclear and explosive materials Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library About Nuclear Energy Nuclear Reactors Designed by Argonne Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Opportunities within NE Division Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Highlights Bookmark and Share New sensor technology detects chemical, biological, nuclear and explosive materials Applications for homeland security, emergency planning Instruments in Argonne's Terahertz Test Facility, such as the one Sami Gopalsami is using, can detect trace chemicals at the part-per-billion level.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Method for producing synthetic fuels from solid waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Organic solid wastes represented by the general chemical formula C.sub.X H.sub.Y O.sub.Z are reacted with steam at elevated temperatures to produce H.sub.2 and CO.sub.2. The overall process is represented by the reaction C.sub.X H.sub.Y O.sub.Z + 2(X-Z/2)H.sub.2 O.fwdarw..sup..delta.XCO.sub.2 + [(Y/2) + 2(X-Z/2)] H.sub.2 . (1) reaction (1) is endothermic and requires heat. This heat is supplied by a tower top solar furnace; alternatively, some of the solid wastes can be burned to supply heat for the reaction. The hydrogen produced by reaction (1) can be used as a fuel or a chemical feedstock. Alternatively, methanol can be produced by the commercial process CO.sub.2 + 3H.sub.2 .fwdarw. CH.sub.3 OH + H.sub.2 O . (2) since reaction (1) is endothermic, the system represents a method for storing heat energy from an external source in a chemical fuel produced from solid wastes.

Antal, Jr., Michael J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1976-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Study of comfort properties of natural and synthetic knitted fabrics in different blend ratios for winter active sportswear.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of the present study is to produce base layer winter active sportswear fabrics using natural and synthetic fibres and their blends which will… (more)

Wardiningsih, W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Thermo-economic assessment of CO2 separation technologies in the framework of synthetic natural gas (SNG) production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) is one of the alternative fuels that can be produced from biomass. Its potential advantages are the possibility of mixing with… (more)

Alamia, Alberto

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 14 Mitochondria as Novel Targets for Proapoptotic Synthetic Retinoids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 14 Mitochondria as Novel Targets for Proapoptotic Synthetic Retinoids Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press  ...

465

Emissions from Buses with DDC 6V92 Engines Using Synthetic Diesel Fuel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Synthetic diesel fuel can be made from a variety of feedstocks, including coal, natural gas and biomass. Synthetic diesel fuels can have very low sulfur and aromatic content, and excellent autoignition characteristics. Moreover, synthetic diesel fuels may also economically competitive with California diesel fuel if .roduced in large volumes. Previous engine laboratory and field tests using a heavy-duty chassis dynamometer indicate that synthetic diesel fuel made using the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) catalytic conversion process is a promising alternative fuel, because it can be used in unmodified diesel engines, and can reduce exhaust emissions substantially. The objective of this study was a preliminary assessment of the emissions from older model transit operated on Mossgas synthetic diesel fuel. The study compared emissions from transit buses operating on Federal no. 2 Diesel fuel, Mossgas synthetic diesel (MGSD), and a 50/50 blend of the two fuels. The buses were equipped with unmodified Detroit Diesel 6V92 2-stroke diesel engines. Six 40-foot buses were tested. Three of the buses had recently rebuilt engines and were equipped with an oxidation catalytic converter. Vehicle emissions measurements were performed using West Virginia University's unique transportable chassis dynamometer. The emissions were measured over the Central Business District (CBD) driving cycle. The buses performed well on both neat and blended MGSD fuel. Three buses without catalytic converters were tested. Compared to their emissions when operating on Federal no. 2 diesel fuel, these buses emitted an average of 5% lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and 20% lower particulate matter (PM) when operating on neat MGSD fuel. Catalyst equipped buses emitted an average of 8% lower NOx and 31% lower PM when operating on MGSD than when operating on Federal no. 2 diesel fuel.

Paul Norton; Keith Vertin; Nigel N. Clark; Donald W. Lyons; Mridul Gautam; Stephen Goguen; James Eberhardt

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Organization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Organization Organization Organization Office of Indian Energy Organizational Structure As a program office at DOE responsible for implementing energy programs, the Office of Indian Energy is structurally organized under the Office of the Under Secretary. This programmatic structure also focuses and facilitates the coordination between the Office of Indian Energy and the other companion program offices such as the Office of Fossil Energy, Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability and Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The Office of Indian Energy is organized around its major statutory functions, namely, policy and programs: Indian Energy Policy. The Office of Indian Energy coordinates participation in the development, refinement, training, and advice

467

Booly : a new data integration platform for systems biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for enabling conceptual biology. Bioinformatics 2005, 21for data integration in biology. Trends Biotechnol 1999, 17(the unification of biology. The Gene Ontology Consortium.

Do, Long Hoang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

From virology to cell biology, understanding unconventional ubiquitination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From virology to cell biology, understanding unconventionalin Molecular and Cell Biology in the Graduate Division ofFrom virology to cell biology, understanding unconventional

Anania, Veronica Gina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Bridging the gap between systems biology and medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genomics and Systems Biology for Health, CNRS Institute ofTN 37208, USA; 7 Systems Biology and Bioinformatics Group,Canada; 9 Computational Biology Unit Molecular Biotechnology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Systems biology of the cardiac hypoxia response in Drosophila  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Molecular Systems Biology , volume 3, article number 99,appear in Molecular Systems Biology. The dissertation authoret al. (2003) The systems biology markup language (SBML): a

Feala, Jacob Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Global warming and biological diversity  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on presentations given at the World Wildlife Fund's Conference on Consequences of the Greenhouse Effect for Biological Diverisity in 1988, and includes updated literature citations. The general topics covered in the book include the following: overview; summary of past responses of plants to climatic change; general ecological and physiological responses; ecosystems in 4 specific regions (arctic marine, Alaskan North Slope, NW US forests, and Mediterranean); global warming's implications for conservation. Ideas and data from many ecosystems and information about the relationships between biodiversity and climatic change are brought together with a balance of factual information and defensible scientific prognostication.

Peters, R.L.; Lovejoy, T.E. (eds.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Biological and chemical technologies research. FY 1995 annual summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The annual summary report presents the fiscal year (FY) 1995 research activities and accomplishments for the United States Department of Energy (DOE) Biological and Chemical Technologies Research (BCTR) Program. This BCTR program resides within the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE). The annual summary report for 1995 (ASR 95) contains the following: program description (including BCTR program mission statement, historical background, relevance, goals and objectives); program structure and organization, selected technical and programmatic highlights for 1995; detailed descriptions of individual projects; a listing of program output, including a bibliography of published work; patents; and awards arising from work supported by the BCTR.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Testing systems for biologic markers of genotoxic exposure and effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Societal interest in genotoxicity stems from two concerns: the fear of carcinogenesis secondary to somatic mutation; and the fear of birth defects and decreasing genetic fitness secondary to heritable mutation. There is a pressing need to identify agents that can cause these effects, to understand the underlying dose-response relationships, to identify exposed populations, and to estimate both the magnitude of exposure and the risk of adverse health effects in such populations. Biologic markers refer either to evidence in surrogate organisms, or to the expressions of exposure and effect in human populations. 21 refs.

Mendelsohn, M.L.

1986-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

474

Stem cell biology is population biology: differentiation of hematopoietic multipotent progenitors to common lymphoid and myeloid progenitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Biology. New York: Humana Press;In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Biology. Edited by Kondo M. Newmodels in stem cell biology: replacement, quiescence, and

Mangel, Marc; Bonsall, Michael B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Basics of Polar-Format algorithm for processing Synthetic Aperture Radar images.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a background to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image formation using the Polar Format (PFA) processing algorithm. This is meant to be an aid to those tasked to implement real-time image formation using the Polar Format processing algorithm.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Hydraphiles: a rigorously studied class of synthetic channel compounds with in vivo activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydraphiles are a class of synthetic ion channels that now have a twenty-year history of analysis and success. In early studies, these compounds were rigorously validated in a wide range of in vitro assays including liposomal ion flow detected by NMR ...

Saeedeh Negin, Bryan A. Smith, Alexandra Unger, W. Matthew Leevy, George W. Gokel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Compatibility of Admix and Synthetic Liner Materials With Clean Coal Technology By-Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When designing effective liner systems for clean coal technology by-products, utilities need information on the liner materials most suitable for each type of waste by-product. This study has developed data on twenty admix and synthetic liner types for seven different by-product combinations.

1991-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

478

Proceedings: Conference on Coal Gasification Systems and Synthetic Fuels for Power Generation, Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The international effort to develop synthetic fuels and advanced power systems for the commercial generation of electric power from coal, oil shale, and tar sands has been an outstanding technical success. This conference highlighted the work that brought new fuels and power generation systems to reality.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Proceedings of symposium on operation and maintenance of synthetic gas plants  

SciTech Connect

The Symposium on Operation and Maintenance of Synthetic Gas Plants sponsored by the Gas Processors Association and the American Petroleum Institute (Division of Refining) was held at the Statler Hilton Hotel, Dallas, Texas, October 10, 1973. Four papers have been entered individually into EDB. (LTN)

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Wavefront reconstruction of elevation circular synthetic aperture aperture radar imagery using a cylindrical Green's function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elevation Circular Synthetic Aperture Radar (E-CSAR) is a novel radar modality used to form radar images from data sets acquired along a complete or even a segment of a cylindrical geometry above a given scan area. Due to the nonlinear nature of the ...

Daniel Flores-Tapia; Gabriel Thomas; Stephen Pistorius

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "organisms synthetic biology" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Will Kentucky lead the way in synthetic fuels production? A history lesson  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At four times in the history of the United States, synthetic fuels have been used as the energy savior of the country, from the period immediately following the second World War to the mid 1980s when the Synthetic Fuels Corporation was unceremoniously demolished by the Reagan administration. The Center for Applied Energy Research at the University of Kentucky has been a major player in the game and the state of Kentucky has received much funding for synthetic fuels development since the 1970s. The article traces the history of developments in the field. The fate of the development has in the author's opinion been influenced by the misalignment of three 'spheres of influence' - in essence the political economy, environmental/regulatory issues, and the technological innovation process. Synthetic fuels can now become an integral part of what is called a 'multiplex energy strategy' and Kentucky again has the opportunity to build on its prior experience and embrace a new paradigm regarding how clean energy solutions based on gasification technologies can aid the USA. 4 photos.

Musulin, M.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

FEATURE-AIDED TRACKING VIA SYNTHETIC HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY A. Rice, J. Vasquez, M. Mendenhall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-aided tracking (FAT) is an emerging area of research, employing HSI instruments and exploitation techniques of studies have been conducted to demonstrate HSI-FAT with contemporary and novel HSI in- struments, synthetic hyperspectral rendering, and full image-chain treatment of the various sensor models. Cor

Kerekes, John

483

Moving target indication via RADARSAT-2 multichannel synthetic aperture radar processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the recent launches of the German TerraSAR-X and the Canadian RADARSAT-2, both equipped with phased array antennas and multiple receiver channels, synthetic aperture radar, ground moving target indication (SAR-GMTI) data are now routinely being ...

S. Chiu; M. V. Dragoševi?

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Rapid classification of biological components  

SciTech Connect

A method is disclosed for analyzing a biological sample by antibody profiling for identifying forensic samples or for detecting the presence of an analyte. In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, the analyte is a drug, such as marijuana, Cocaine (crystalline tropane alkaloid), methamphetamine, methyltestosterone, or mesterolone. The method involves attaching antigens of the surface of a solid support in a preselected pattern to form an array wherein the locations of the antigens are known; contacting the array with the biological sample such that a portion of antibodies in the sample reacts with and binds to antigens in the array, thereby forming immune complexes; washing away antibodies that do not form immune complexes; and detecting the immune complexes, thereby forming an antibody profile. Forensic samples are identified by comparing a sample from an unknown source with a sample from a known source. Further, an assay, such as a test for illegal drug use, can be coupled to a test for identity such that the results of the assay can be positively correlated to a subject's identity.

Thompson, Vicki S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Barrett, Karen B. (Meridian, ID); Key, Diane E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

485

Synthetic Studies Toward Selected Members of the Pyrrole-imidazole Alkaloids: Axinellamine, Konbu’acidin and Palau' amine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pyrrole imidazole alkaloids (PIA) is an ever-growing family of structurally related natural products isolated from several species of sponges which now features more than one hundred memebrs. Their complex molecular architectures, and in some cases, significant biological activities, have made these alkaloids the synthetic targets of a number of research groups across the world. In our approach, following early biosynthetic proposal by Kinnel and Scheuer and Al-Mourabit and Potier, it was envisioned that several of these alkaloids, namely palau’amine, axinellamine, konbu’acidin, styloguanidine and massadine, could be derived from a common chlorocyclopentane precursor through different modes of intramolecular cyclization. Building on the work done previously in our research group by Dr. Anja Dilley, Dr. Paul Dransfield, and Dr. Shaohui Wang, my investigations led to the synthesis of the angular aza-triquinane core of axinellamine and the peculiar transazabicyclo[ 3.3.0]octane core of palau’amine. In my further studies mono- and bis-pyrrole advanced intermediates were synthesized that contain the complete carbon framework of the target natural products. However, attempts to induce the pivotal, potentially biomimetic cyclizations expected to deliver the cores of the target alkaloids proved to be rather challenging, resulting in inconsistent and irreproducible results and leading to the exploration of an alternative, “abiotic” approach. My efforts in this direction resulted in the synthesis of a pentacyclic enamine precursor to styloguanidine and a pentacyclic carbinolamine suitable for the synthesis of palau’amine. Final attempts to complete the target natural products were however unsuccessful.

Zancanella, Manuel

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

APS Users Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APSUO APSUO By-Laws Steering Commitee Employment Meetings Compton Award Franklin Award APS Users Organization The APSUO is responsible for advising the APS Associate Laboratory Director in the following areas: The Organization will serve as an advocacy group for the Facility and its user community. The Organization will provide advice to the ALD on matters affecting the user community. The Organization will assure good communication between the APS user community and the APS management. APSUO By-Laws The by-laws upon which the APS User Organization is based. List of Steering Committee Members Steering committee for the APS Users Organization. Employment Bulletin Board APS-related employment opportunities. APSUO Steering Committee Meetings Minutes and presentations from the APSUO meetings.

487

Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Fall 2011 Small Scale Anaerobic Digestion by PENERGY Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by wood-fired boilers. By generating biogas through anaerobic digestion of swine manure, fuel can: A mechanical anaerobic digester to handle organic farm waste. A complete biogas collection system with hookPENNSTATE Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Fall 2011 Small Scale Anaerobic

Demirel, Melik C.

488

Evaluation of a selective distributed discovery strategy in a fully decentralized biologically inspired environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increased demand and complexity of services operating within open distributed environments has emphasized the need for systems that are adaptive, self-organizing and more robust. In order to address these issues some agent oriented approaches have ... Keywords: Biologically inspired, Death and reproduction, Distributed discovery, Multi-agent simulation, Overlay network

Ognen Paunovski; George Eleftherakis; Konstantinos Dimopoulos; Tony Cowling

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Meta-analysis of Genomic and Proteomic Features to Predict Synthetic Lethality of Yeast and Human Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major goal in cancer medicine is to find selective drugs with reduced side-effect. A pair of genes is called synthetic lethality (SL) if mutations of both genes will kill a cell while mutation of either gene alone will not. Hence, a gene in SL interactions ... Keywords: Cancer, Classification, Comparative genomics, Meta-analysis, Synthetic lethality, TCGA

Min Wu, Xuejuan Li, Fan Zhang, Xiaoli Li, Chee-Keong Kwoh, Jie Zheng

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Interaction mechanisms and biological effects of static magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms through which static magnetic fields interact with living systems are described and illustrated by selected experimental observations. These mechanisms include electrodynamic interactions with moving, ionic charges (blood flow and nerve impulse conduction), magnetomechanical interactions (orientation and translation of molecules structures and magnetic particles), and interactions with electronic spin states in charge transfer reactions (photo-induced electron transfer in photosynthesis). A general summary is also presented of the biological effects of static magnetic fields. There is convincing experimental evidence for magnetoreception mechanisms in several classes of lower organisms, including bacteria and marine organisms. However, in more highly evolved species of animals, there is no evidence that the interactions of static magnetic fields with flux densities up to 2 Tesla (1 Tesla [T] = 10{sup 4} Gauss) produce either behavioral or physiolocical alterations. These results, based on controlled studies with laboratory animals, are consistent with the outcome of recent epidemiological surveys on human populations exposed occupationally to static magnetic fields.

Tenforde, T.S.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Biological treatment of leachate from a Superfund site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies were completed on treating a leachate from New Lyme, Ohio. The leachate was transported to Cincinnati, Ohio, where a pilot-sized rotating biological contactor (RBC) was used for a treatment evaluation. The biomass was developed on the RBC discs with primary effluent from the City of Cincinnati's Mill Creek Sewage Treatment Facility. Experiments were then conducted to determine the effectiveness of treating a hazardous waste leachate and to provide information on the following: the rate of organics removal; the final effluent quality; the fate of priority pollutants and specific organic compounds; and the loss of volatiles via stripping in the RBC. The paper reports on the results from these experiments and the applicability of an RBC to treat a hazardous-waste leachate from a Superfund site.

Opatken, E.J.; Howard, H.K.; Bond, J.J.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Biological Water Gas Shift DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cell, and Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional WGS Gasifier Reformer HTS LTS PSA H2 Biological WGS Gasifier Reformer Biological WGS H2 PSA Biological WGS (no Reformer) Steam/Power Biological WGS H2 Gasifier PSA #12;Technical Approach Key Challenges

493

Investigations of the Biological Roles of Substituted Cyclohexadienes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years there have been two cycloterpenals, molecules consisting of a cyclohexadienal core, isolated from nature. Cyclocitral, the condensation product of citral, has been isolated from the North Sea bryozoans Flustra foliacea. In the human eyes, cycloretinal has been isolated and is a toxic by product of the vision cycle. This retinal dimer is believed to contribute to age related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. In 1992, it was discovered that if [beta]-ionylideneacetaldehyde was incubated with beta-lactoglobulin ([beta]-LG), the principal whey protein in dairy milk, that it would mediate the formation of cyclo-[beta]-ional. No follow up studies were performed on this protein mediated reaction or what biological activities these cycloterpenals may possess. This dissertation investigates the biological roles of substituted cyclohexadienes including cycloterpenals and cyclohexadiene enaminonitriles. To mimic the protein mediated reaction, we developed a synthetic procedure to produce a wide array of cycloterpenal by utilizing L-proline. Over 100 cycloterpenals were synthesized and screened for their biological activities against an array of cell based screens. The phenotypic effects of these cycloterpenals were screened against a PC12 assay where dramatic effects were observed on neurite outgrowth. During the synthesis of starting materials for the production of our cycloterpenal library, it was discovered that if excess base was added to the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction between a methyl-ketone and diethyl-(cyanomethyl)-phosphonate, conversion of the [alpha]-[beta]-unsaturated nitrile into an enaminonitrile was observed. This new synthetic procedure was optimized to generate a library of enaminonitriles as well as their quinazoline derivatives. The work within also includes the investigation of the [beta]-LG mediated reaction formation of cycloterpenals with natural and unnatural [beta]-methyl aldehydes. We were able to demonstrate that [beta]-LG could mediate the conversion of [alpha],[beta]-unsaturated aldehydes into their corresponding cycloterpenal. In vitro analysis was also performed with store bought milks and the [beta]-LG present was able to mediate the formation of cyclocitral. An in vivo experiment was also performed by utilizing New Zealand White rabbits to demonstrate the formation of cycloretinal within the blood stream by feeding a source of [beta]-LG with retinal. Interestingly, in human blood, [beta]-LG is present at concentrations of 0.7-1.2 g/dL. The protein has been identified within drusen pigments and lipofuscin granules that accumulate in the retina of macular degeneration patients. As humans do not produce beta-lactoglobulin, the source of this protein is from milk and milk products. With these experiments, we clearly demonstrate that under the appropriate conditions, cycloretinal can be produced with [beta]-LG. We have clearly established a direct link between [beta]-LG chemistry and age-related macular degeneration.

Bench, Bennie John

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Organic dairy production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this thesis was to gain further knowledge about the performance of cows in organic dairy production and their ability to adapt to… (more)

Ahlman, Therese

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE OPTIMIZATION .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polymer based organic photovoltaic (OPV) is making great progress on solar cell performance in the past decade. As a potential alternative to conventional expensive photovoltaic… (more)

Nie, Wanyi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Technology acceptance in organizations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??New technology has changed how people do business. With rapid development of technology, it has been difficult for businesses and organizations to successfully implement technology… (more)

Stewart, Laurie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Organization | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About ORNL Fact Sheet Brochure Diversity Leadership Team Organization History Environmental Policy Corporate Giving Research Integrity Who we are, aren't About ORNL Home | ORNL |...

498

Biogas and Cattle Organs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A study has been conducted to assess the possibilities to introduce dead cattle organs as the raw material for biogas generation at the rural… (more)

Jamil, Adnan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL TRANSFER ...  

Folding Reporter Not 4 Profit BMTA LANL Agreement Number: LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC . BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL TRANSFER AGREEMENT . THIS BIOLOGICAL ...

500

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy's Office of Biological & Environmental Research and Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) to elucidate computing requirements for biological and...