Sample records for orc organic rankine

  1. Thermodynamische Auslegung und transiente Simulation eines überkritischen Organic Rankine Cycles für einen leistungsoptimierten Betrieb (KIT Scientific Reports ; 7674).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetter, Christian

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Niedertemperaturwärme im Bereich von 100 °C - 200 °C kann mittels Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC) zur Stromproduktion genutzt werden. Zur Untersuchung von Optimierungsmöglichkeiten bei ORC-Prozessen… (more)

  2. Dynamic modeling and control strategies for a micro-CSP plant with thermal storage powered by the Organic Rankine cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ireland, Melissa Kara

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems are gaining ground as a means of effectively providing sustainable energy. Coupling small-scale ORCs powered by scroll expander- generators with solar thermal collectors and storage can ...

  3. Cost Effective Waste Heat Organic Rankine Cycle Applications and Systems Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, J. W.; Bronicki, L. Y.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conceptually, the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power cycle has been well known to the engineering community for many years. Despite the rapid escalation of energy costs during the past decade, and a concerted, though somewhat belated, effort towards...

  4. Development of a Direct Evaporator for the Organic Rankine Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donna Post Guillen; Helge Klockow; Matthew Lehar; Sebastian Freund; Jennifer Jackson

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes research and development currently underway to place the evaporator of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system directly in the path of a hot exhaust stream produced by a gas turbine engine. The main goal of this research effort is to improve cycle efficiency and cost by eliminating the usual secondary heat transfer loop. The project’s technical objective is to eliminate the pumps, heat exchangers and all other added cost and complexity of the secondary loop by developing an evaporator that resides in the waste heat stream, yet virtually eliminates the risk of a working fluid leakage into the gaseous exhaust stream. The research team comprised of Idaho National Laboratory and General Electric Company engineers leverages previous research in advanced ORC technology to develop a new direct evaporator design that will reduce the ORC system cost by up to 15%, enabling the rapid adoption of ORCs for waste heat recovery.

  5. Application and Operation of a 2-MW Organic Rankine Cycle System on a Refinery FCC Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drake, R. L.

    The nation's largest organic Rankine cycle (ORC) waste heat recovery system was started up in July 1984 at a West Coast oil refinery. The system includes two hermetically sealed turbine-generator units, each rated at 1070 kW. Each turbine...

  6. Final Report. Conversion of Low Temperature Waste Heat Utilizing Hermetic Organic Rankine Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Robert L.

    2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of waste heat recovery using the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine is updated. Advances in power electronics with lower cost enable the use of a single shaft, high-speed generator eliminating wear items and allowing hermetic sealing of the working fluid. This allows maintenance free operation and a compact configuration that lowers cost, enabling new market opportunities.

  7. Industrial Heat Recovery with Organic Rankine Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hnat, J. G.; Patten, J. S.; Cutting, J. C.; Bartone, L. M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rising energy costs are encouraging energy intensive industries to investigate alternative means of waste heat recovery from process streams. The use of organic fluids in Rankine cycles offers improved potential for economical cogeneration from...

  8. Cascaded organic rankine cycles for waste heat utilization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radcliff, Thomas D. (Vernon, CT); Biederman, Bruce P. (West Hartford, CT); Brasz, Joost J. (Fayetteville, NY)

    2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of organic Rankine cycle systems (20, 25) are combined and their respective organic working fluids are chosen such that the organic working fluid of the first organic Rankine cycle is condensed at a condensation temperature that is well above the boiling point of the organic working fluid of the second organic Rankine style system, and a single common heat exchanger (23) is used for both the condenser of the first organic Rankine cycle system and the evaporator of the second organic Rankine cycle system. A preferred organic working fluid of the first system is toluene and that of the second organic working fluid is R245fa.

  9. Organic rankine cycle waste heat applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brasz, Joost J.; Biederman, Bruce P.

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A machine designed as a centrifugal compressor is applied as an organic rankine cycle turbine by operating the machine in reverse. In order to accommodate the higher pressures when operating as a turbine, a suitable refrigerant is chosen such that the pressures and temperatures are maintained within established limits. Such an adaptation of existing, relatively inexpensive equipment to an application that may be otherwise uneconomical, allows for the convenient and economical use of energy that would be otherwise lost by waste heat to the atmosphere.

  10. Selection of Working Fluids for the Organic Rankine Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, H. H.; Patton, J. M.; Starling, K. E.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SELECTION OF WORKING FLUIDS FOR THE ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE H. H. West J. M. Patton Energy Analysts, Inc. Engineering Design Group Houston, Texas Tulsa, Oklahoma K. E. Starling The University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma ABSTRACT...

  11. Power Generation From Waste Heat Using Organic Rankine Cycle Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many efforts are currently being pursued to develop and implement new energy technologies aimed at meeting our national energy goals The use of organic Rankine cycle engines to generate power from waste heat provides a near term means to greatly...

  12. Final Report: Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle to Improve the Recovery of Waste Heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donna Post Guillen; Jalal Zia

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research and development (R&D) project exemplifies a shared public private commitment to advance the development of energy efficient industrial technologies that will reduce the U.S. dependence upon foreign oil, provide energy savings and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The purpose of this project was to develop and demonstrate a Direct Evaporator for the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for the conversion of waste heat from gas turbine exhaust to electricity. In conventional ORCs, the heat from the exhaust stream is transferred indirectly to a hydrocarbon based working fluid by means of an intermediate thermal oil loop. The Direct Evaporator accomplishes preheating, evaporation and superheating of the working fluid by a heat exchanger placed within the exhaust gas stream. Direct Evaporation is simpler and up to 15% less expensive than conventional ORCs, since the secondary oil loop and associated equipment can be eliminated. However, in the past, Direct Evaporation has been avoided due to technical challenges imposed by decomposition and flammability of the working fluid. The purpose of this project was to retire key risks and overcome the technical barriers to implementing an ORC with Direct Evaporation. R&D was conducted through a partnership between the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and General Electric (GE) Global Research Center (GRC). The project consisted of four research tasks: (1) Detailed Design & Modeling of the ORC Direct Evaporator, (2) Design and Construction of Partial Prototype Direct Evaporator Test Facility, (3) Working Fluid Decomposition Chemical Analyses, and (4) Prototype Evaluation. Issues pertinent to the selection of an ORC working fluid, along with thermodynamic and design considerations of the direct evaporator, were identified. The FMEA (Failure modes and effects analysis) and HAZOP (Hazards and operability analysis) safety studies performed to mitigate risks are described, followed by a discussion of the flammability analysis of the direct evaporator. A testbed was constructed and the prototype demonstrated at the GE GRC Niskayuna facility.

  13. Organic rankine cycle system for use with a reciprocating engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radcliff, Thomas D.; McCormick, Duane; Brasz, Joost J.

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In a waste heat recovery system wherein an organic rankine cycle system uses waste heat from the fluids of a reciprocating engine, provision is made to continue operation of the engine even during periods when the organic rankine cycle system is inoperative, by providing an auxiliary pump and a bypass for the refrigerant flow around the turbine. Provision is also made to divert the engine exhaust gases from the evaporator during such periods of operation. In one embodiment, the auxiliary pump is made to operate simultaneously with the primary pump during normal operations, thereby allowing the primary pump to operate at lower speeds with less likelihood of cavitation.

  14. Design of organic Rankine cycles for conversion of waste heat in a polygeneration plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiGenova, Kevin (Kevin J.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic Rankine cycles provide an alternative to traditional steam Rankine cycles for the conversion of low grade heat sources, where steam cycles are known to be less efficient and more expensive. This work examines organic ...

  15. Energy recovery system using an organic rankine cycle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ernst, Timothy C

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermodynamic system for waste heat recovery, using an organic rankine cycle is provided which employs a single organic heat transferring fluid to recover heat energy from two waste heat streams having differing waste heat temperatures. Separate high and low temperature boilers provide high and low pressure vapor streams that are routed into an integrated turbine assembly having dual turbines mounted on a common shaft. Each turbine is appropriately sized for the pressure ratio of each stream.

  16. The Organic Rankine Cycle System, Its Application to Extract Energy From Low Temperature Waste Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, R. H.; Ichikawa, S.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in a Rankine Cycle to extract The theoretical Rankine Cycle efficiency (~R) is energy from low temperature waste heat. By 1968, a defined as: 3.8 megawatt unit using R-11 refrigerant was placed in commercial operation in Japan (2) and currently ?ZR.... Figure 2 compares the theo The basic Organic Rankine Cycle may be described retical Rankine efficiency for several hydrocarbons, using the Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram of a typical fluorocarbons and water within the evaporating working fluid (R-11). (See...

  17. Milestone Report #2: Direct Evaporator Leak and Flammability Analysis Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle to Improve the Recovery of Waste Heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donna Post Guillen

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The direct evaporator is a simplified heat exchange system for an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) that generates electricity from a gas turbine exhaust stream. Typically, the heat of the exhaust stream is transferred indirectly to the ORC by means of an intermediate thermal oil loop. In this project, the goal is to design a direct evaporator where the working fluid is evaporated in the exhaust gas heat exchanger. By eliminating one of the heat exchangers and the intermediate oil loop, the overall ORC system cost can be reduced by approximately 15%. However, placing a heat exchanger operating with a flammable hydrocarbon working fluid directly in the hot exhaust gas stream presents potential safety risks. The purpose of the analyses presented in this report is to assess the flammability of the selected working fluid in the hot exhaust gas stream stemming from a potential leak in the evaporator. Ignition delay time for cyclopentane at temperatures and pressure corresponding to direct evaporator operation was obtained for several equivalence ratios. Results of a computational fluid dynamic analysis of a pinhole leak scenario are given.

  18. Modeling, Estimation, and Control of Waste Heat Recovery Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luong, David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    141 Open ORC Systemfor Open Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)138 Evaporatorof an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) System for Waste Heat

  19. Emissions-critical charge cooling using an organic rankine cycle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ernst, Timothy C.; Nelson, Christopher R.

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a system including a Rankine power cycle cooling subsystem providing emissions-critical charge cooling of an input charge flow. The system includes a boiler fluidly coupled to the input charge flow, an energy conversion device fluidly coupled to the boiler, a condenser fluidly coupled to the energy conversion device, a pump fluidly coupled to the condenser and the boiler, an adjuster that adjusts at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle subsystem to change a temperature of the input charge exiting the boiler, and a sensor adapted to sense a temperature characteristic of the vaporized input charge. The system includes a controller that can determine a target temperature of the input charge sufficient to meet or exceed predetermined target emissions and cause the adjuster to adjust at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle to achieve the predetermined target emissions.

  20. Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Hyuck

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) mahines, Sterling engines,Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system or Sterling Engine (SE)an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system generates electricity

  1. Orc Notation Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Overview Orc Notation Compilation Status of Research Structuring the Cloud with Orc First Mysore http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Overview Orc Notation Compilation Status of Research Questions How do Engineering How do we connect applications in the cloud? All of the above #12;Overview Orc Notation

  2. Waste Heat Recovery by Organic Fluid Rankine Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verneau, A.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ntry Temperature T 3 -t. cond?'lsotion L.-S Uql.id ctITlpressiCTI 6-7 htating in IiqJid state 7-1 boiling 2OO'C\\ ?-_...,( With fluids whose expansion is ending far from the saturation curve, to obtain good efficiency neces sitates the use of an exchanger-recuperator... been investigated for use in RANKINE Cycles, Many parameters must be ta ken into account in addition to the shape of the saturation curve just mentioned, Included are - chemical stability over the entire operating range. It depends not only...

  3. Altheim geothermal Plant for electricity production by Organic Rankine Cycle turbogenerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pernecker, Gerhard; Ruhland, Johannes

    1996-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes the plan of the town Altheim in Upper Austria to produce electricity by an Organic Rankine Cycle-turbogenerator in the field of utilization of low temperatured thermal water. The aim of the project is to improve the technical and economic situation of the geothermal plant.

  4. Orc Verification Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Orc Verification Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu WG 2.3, St. Petersburg June 5, 2013 #12;Orc Verification has been a disaster · Concurrency everywhere events but temporal ordering · Basic orc has no mutable variables, but sites do · Full functional

  5. Organic fluids in a supercritical Rankine cycle for low temperature power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vidhi, Rachana [University of South Florida, Tampa; Kuravi, Sarada [University of South Florida, Tampa; Goswami, Yogi D. [University of South Florida, Tampa; Stefanakos, Elias [University of South Florida, Tampa; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a performance analysis of a supercritical organic Rankine cycle (SORC) with various working fluids with thermal energy provided from a geothermal energy source. In the present study, a number of pure fluids (R23, R32, R125, R143a, R134a, R218, and R170) are analyzed to identify the most suitable fluids for different operating conditions. The source temperature is varied between 125 C and 200 C, to study its effect on the efficiency of the cycle for fixed and variable pressure ratios. The energy and exergy efficiencies for each working fluid are obtained and the optimum fluid is selected. It is found that thermal efficiencies as high as 21% can be obtained with 200 C source temperature and 10 C cooling water temperature considered in this study. For medium source temperatures (125 150 C), thermal efficiencies higher than 12% are obtained.

  6. Modeling Energy Recovery Using Thermoelectric Conversion Integrated with an Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Erik W.; Hendricks, Terry J.; Peterson, Richard B.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hot engine exhaust represents a resource that is often rejected to the environment without further utilization. This resource is most prevalent in the transportation sector, but stationary engine-generator systems also typically do not utilize this resource. Engine exhaust is a source of high grade thermal energy that can potentially be utilized by various approaches to produce electricity or to drive heating and cooling systems. This paper describes a model system that employs thermoelectric conversion as a topping cycle integrated with an organic Rankine bottoming cycle for waste heat utilization. This approach is being developed to fully utilize the thermal energy contained in hot exhaust streams. The model is composed of a high temperature heat exchanger which extracts thermal energy for driving the thermoelectric conversion elements. However, substantial sensible heat remains in the exhaust stream after emerging from the heat exchanger. The model incorporates a closely integrated bottoming cycle to utilize this remaining thermal energy in the exhaust stream. The model has many interacting parameters that define combined system quantities such as overall output power, efficiency, and total energy utilization factors. In addition, the model identifies a maximum power operating point for the system. That is, the model can identify the optimal amount of heat to remove from the exhaust flow to run through the thermoelectric elements. Removing too much or too little heat from the exhaust stream in this stage will reduce overall cycle performance. The model has been developed such that heat exchanger UAh values, thermal resistances, ZT values, and multiple thermoelectric elements can be investigated in the context of system operation. The model also has the ability to simultaneously determine the effect of each cycle design parameter on the performance of the overall system, thus giving the ability to utilize as much waste heat as possible. Key analysis results are presented showing the impact of critical design parameters on power output, system performance and inter-relationships between design parameters in governing performance.

  7. Orc Notation Structured Wide-Area Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Orc Notation Structured Wide-Area Programming Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu April 12, 2010 Rennes, France #12;Orc Notation hierarchical structure. #12;Orc Notation Orc · Goal: Internet scripting language. · Next: Component integration

  8. between ORC binding and nucleosome turnover, suggesting that turnover facilitates ORC binding.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    between ORC binding and nucleosome turnover, suggesting that turnover facilitates ORC binding little if any de- pendence on ORC abundance (Fig. 3, H to P). Our findings support the hypothesis- titative correspondence of ORC to CATCH-IT data than to other chromatin measurements implies that the ORC

  9. DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCES Implementation of Orc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCES Implementation of Orc William Cook and Jayadev Misra Department coded in Java. ¯ An Orc program can call Java programs as sites. ¯ A Java program can call an Orc #12;DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCES Java Calling Orc Include in the main (Java) program � ¾ ´�µ where

  10. A Few Small Orc Programs Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    A Few Small Orc Programs Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu ETH, Zurich March 7, 2014 #12;A Orc program · An experiment tosses two dice(n, 0) Note: 2n parallel calls to toss(). 3 #12;Orc Calculus · External sites: · A site is called like

  11. Improving the Control Performance of an Organic Rankine Cycle System for Waste Heat Recovery from a Heavy-Duty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rankine systems for automotive applications apply the same principle used worldwide in industry is then cooled by a condenser which transfers heat to an external cold sink. Most Rankine systems are designed to produce elec- tricity via a generator connected to the auxiliary network and/or an energy storage system

  12. Multi-Megawatt Organic Rankine Engine power plant (MORE). Phase IA final report: system design of MORE power plant for industrial energy conservation emphasizing the cement industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bair, E.K.; Breindel, B.; Collamore, F.N.; Hodgson, J.N.; Olson, G.K.

    1980-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Multi-Megawatt Organic Rankine Engine (MORE) program is directed towards the development of a large, organic Rankine power plant for energy conservation from moderate temperature industrial heat streams. Organic Rankine power plants are ideally suited for use with heat sources in the temperature range below 1100/sup 0/F. Cement manufacture was selected as the prototype industry for the MORE system because of the range of parameters which can be tested in a cement application. This includes process exit temperatures of 650/sup 0/F to 1110/sup 0/F for suspension preheater and long dry kilns, severe dust loading, multi-megawatt power generation potential, and boiler exhaust gas acid dew point variations. The work performed during the Phase IA System Design contract period is described. The System Design task defines the complete MORE system and its installation to the level necessary to obtain detailed performance maps, equipment specifications, planning of supporting experiments, and credible construction and hardware cost estimates. The MORE power plant design is based upon installation in the Black Mountain Quarry Cement Plant near Victorville, California.

  13. ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography: formation of self-authored 50 journal and more than 150 conference papers and he has given more than 100 invited talks. http://www.orc

  14. DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCES Semantics of Orc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCES Semantics of Orc William Cook and Jayadev Misra Department call with handle Ă? Ă? Response Ăť publish silent transition Response is outside the control of Orc

  15. Workflow Patterns in Orc William Cook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    1 Workflow Patterns in Orc William Cook Sourabh Patwardhan Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Sciences University of Texas at Austin 2 Overview of Orc · Orchestration language ­Invoke services ­Manage(M, N) let(z) where z : if(x) | if(y) | or(x, y) where x : M where y : N 11 Orc Summary e, f, g ::= c

  16. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Calculus Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Concurrency · ubiquitous. · difficult interactions. · Support hierarchical structure. #12;Orc · Initial Goal: Internet scripting language. · Next

  17. Combined rankine and vapor compression cycles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radcliff, Thomas D.; Biederman, Bruce P.; Brasz, Joost J.

    2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic rankine cycle system is combined with a vapor compression cycle system with the turbine generator of the organic rankine cycle generating the power necessary to operate the motor of the refrigerant compressor. The vapor compression cycle is applied with its evaporator cooling the inlet air into a gas turbine, and the organic rankine cycle is applied to receive heat from a gas turbine exhaust to heat its boiler within one embodiment, a common condenser is used for the organic rankine cycle and the vapor compression cycle, with a common refrigerant, R-245a being circulated within both systems. In another embodiment, the turbine driven generator has a common shaft connected to the compressor to thereby eliminate the need for a separate motor to drive the compressor. In another embodiment, an organic rankine cycle system is applied to an internal combustion engine to cool the fluids thereof, and the turbo charged air is cooled first by the organic rankine cycle system and then by an air conditioner prior to passing into the intake of the engine.

  18. Overview Orc Notation Examples Structured Wide-Area Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Overview Orc Notation Examples Structured Wide-Area Programming William Cook, Jayadev Misra, David Kitchin, Adrian Quark Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Overview Orc Notation Examples Outline Overview Orc Notation Examples #12;Overview Orc Notation

  19. Dist-Orc: A Rewriting-based Distributed Implementation of Orc with Formal Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AlTurki, Musab; 10.4204/EPTCS.36.2

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orc is a theory of orchestration of services that allows structured programming of distributed and timed computations. Several formal semantics have been proposed for Orc, including a rewriting logic semantics developed by the authors. Orc also has a fully fledged implementation in Java with functional programming features. However, as with descriptions of most distributed languages, there exists a fairly substantial gap between Orc's formal semantics and its implementation, in that: (i) programs in Orc are not easily deployable in a distributed implementation just by using Orc's formal semantics, and (ii) they are not readily formally analyzable at the level of a distributed Orc implementation. In this work, we overcome problems (i) and (ii) for Orc. Specifically, we describe an implementation technique based on rewriting logic and Maude that narrows this gap considerably. The enabling feature of this technique is Maude's support for external objects through TCP sockets. We describe how sockets are used to i...

  20. Overview Orc Notation Examples Structured Application Development over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Overview Orc Notation Examples Structured Application Development over Wide-Area Networks William of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Overview Orc Notation. - #12;Overview Orc Notation Examples Orchestrating Components (services) Acquire data from services

  1. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus # Roberto Bruni 1 , Hern@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  2. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Orc Language · Data Types: Number, List, Record · Pattern Matching; Clausal Definition · Function Closure · Comingling functional and Orc

  3. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus Roberto Bruni1, Hern´an Melgratti2@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  4. CX-001195: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of generating continuous electricity from non-conventional low temperature geothermal fluids using binary Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology by installing an ORC electric...

  5. Instructions for Human Subjects CITI Training 1. Go to the ORC IRB website at http://www.uncg.edu/orc/irb.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saidak, Filip

    Instructions for Human Subjects CITI Training 1. Go to the ORC IRB website at http://www.uncg.edu/orc

  6. Modeling, Estimation, and Control of Waste Heat Recovery Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luong, David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    organic Rankine cycle waste heat power conversion system. ”Cycle (ORC) System for Waste Heat Recovery. ” Journal ofRankine Cycles in Waste Heat Uti- lizing Processes. ”

  7. Towards Energy and Resource Efficient Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the organic rankine cycle (ORC). In this case an organic ?temperature applications the ORC has more bene?ts than the117] demonstrated that the ORC-process can use the exhaust

  8. Investigating potential efficiency improvement for light-duty transportation applications through simulation of an organic Rankine cycle for waste-heat recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern diesel engines used in light-duty transportation applications have peak brake thermal efficiencies in the range of 40-42% for high-load operation with substantially lower efficiencies at realistic road-load conditions. Thermodynamic energy and exergy analysis reveals that the largest losses from these engines are due to heat loss and combustion irreversibility. Substantial improvement in overall engine efficiency requires reducing or recovering these losses. Unfortunately, much of the heat transfer either occurs at relatively low temperatures resulting in large entropy generation (such as in the air-charge cooler), is transferred to low-exergy flow streams (such as the oil and engine coolant), or is radiated or convected directly to the environment. While there are significant opportunities for recovery from the exhaust and EGR cooler for heavy-duty applications, the potential benefits of such a strategy for light-duty applications are unknown due to transient operation, low-load operation at typical driving conditions, and the added mass of the system. We have developed an organic Rankine cycle model using GT-Suite to investigate the potential for efficiency improvement through waste-heat recovery from the exhaust and EGR cooler of a light-duty diesel engine. Results from steady-state and drive-cycle simulations are presented, and we discuss strategies to address operational difficulties associated with transient drive cycles and competition between waste-heat recovery systems, turbochargers, aftertreatment devices, and other systems for the limited thermal resources.

  9. ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Brillouin lasers based on chalcogenide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Brillouin lasers based on chalcogenide photonic chip" Dr. Irina in fibers and on-chip platforms. http://www.orc.soton.ac.uk/events.html #12;

  10. ORC Seminar Series Presents: "New directions in photonics down under"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    ORC Seminar Series Presents: "New directions in photonics down under" Prof Tanya Monro University of Expertise in Photonics. From 1998 - 2004 Tanya worked within the ORC at the University of Southampton of science policy and the evaluation of science. http://www.orc.soton.ac.uk/events.html #12;

  11. Properties of the Timed Operational and Denotational Semantics of Orc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Properties of the Timed Operational and Denotational Semantics of Orc Ian Wehrman, David Kitchin: {iwehrman,dkitchin,wcook,misra}@cs.utexas.edu December 31, 2007 i #12;Preface Orc is a language for structured concurrent programming. Orc provides three powerful combinators that define the structure

  12. Orchestration in Orc: A Deterministic Distributed Programming Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Orchestration in Orc: A Deterministic Distributed Programming Model William R. Cook and Jayadev}@cs.utexas.edu Abstract. Orc is a new model of distributed programming which pro- vides a strong theoretical foundation for internet computing based on compositions of web-services. Orc combines some of the power and flex- ibility

  13. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Examples Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Some Algorithms · Enumeration;Corresponding Orc program val (x, y) = (Ref(0), Ref(0)) def f1() = Ift(x?

  14. Orc-X: Combining Orchestrations and XQuery (work in progress)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Orc-X: Combining Orchestrations and XQuery (work in progress) Kristi Morton David Kitchin William en- force a tight coupling of state and behavior. We have previously presented Orc, a language that provides simple but powerful con- structs to orchestrate distributed computations. Previous versions of Orc

  15. ORC2DSP: Compiler Infrastructure Supports for VLIW DSP Processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jenq-Kuen

    ORC2DSP: Compiler Infrastructure Supports for VLIW DSP Processors Cheng-Wei Chen, Chung-Lin Tang our experiences in deploying ORC infrastructures for a novel 32-bit VLIW DSP processor (known as PAC. We also present methods in retargeting ORC compilers for PAC VLIW DSP processors. In addition

  16. Event Structure Semantics of Orc Sidney Rosario1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Event Structure Semantics of Orc Sidney Rosario1 , David Kitchin3 , Albert Benveniste1 , William into asymmetric event structures. The semantics is de- veloped for Orc, an orchestration language in which concurrent services are invoked to achieve a goal while managing time-outs, exceptions, and priority. Orc

  17. Economics of Organic Rankine Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, W. J.

    condensing if properly selected, and because of high molecular weight and low enthalpy drop in the expansion stage can use a single stage turbine operating at low rotational speeds to accomplish l\\JABINE HeAT SOURCE VAPORIZER PUMP Fig. 1 Simplified... 0 F approach temperature in vaporizer l5 0 F approach temperature in condenser 84% expander efficiency, 95% generator efficiency, 75% pump efficiency Maintenance at 2% of investment per year Freon losses at 5% of inventory/yr, $0.85/lb...

  18. ORC Closed Loop Control Systems for Transient and Steady State...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    waste heat recovery system running automatically over various drive cycles. p-26wright.pdf More Documents & Publications Development of an ORC system to improve HD truck...

  19. A Timed Semantics of Orc Ian Wehrman, David Kitchin, William R. Cook, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    A Timed Semantics of Orc Ian Wehrman, David Kitchin, William R. Cook, Jayadev Misra The University of Texas at Austin Abstract Orc is a kernel language for structured concurrent programming. Orc provides support sequential and concurrent execution, and concurrent execution with blocking and termination. Orc

  20. THE TRANSPOSED CRITICAL TEMPERATURE RANKINE THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, William L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Process Program for Geothermal Power Plant Cycles,'*for a Rankine Cycle Geothermal Power Plant," Proceedings,Design and Optimize Geothermal Power Cycles," presented at

  1. A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wand, Mitchell

    A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand Northeastern University dimvar@ccs.neu.edu wand@ccs.neu.edu Abstract. Orc [9] is a language for task orchestration. It has validates some useful equivalences between Orc processes; since the se- mantics is compositional

  2. A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stevie

    A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand Northeastern University dimvar@ccs.neu.edu wand@ccs.neu.edu Abstract. Orc [6] is a language for task orchestration. It has treatment of variable binding, and proving an adequacy theorem to relate them. 1 Introduction Orc [6

  3. Biochemical characterization of Cdc6/Orc1 binding to the replication origin of the euryarchaeon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, James M.

    Biochemical characterization of Cdc6/Orc1 binding to the replication origin of the euryarchaeon (Cdc6)/Origin Replication Complex subunit 1 (Orc1) proteins share sequence homology with eukaryotic DNA under- stand whether Cdc6/Orc1 functions in an eukaryotic or bacterial-like manner, we have

  4. Describing Simulations in the Orc Programming David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Describing Simulations in the Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, Jayadev Misra interactions. · Support hierarchical structure. #12;Orc · Goal: Internet scripting language. · Next: Component airline provides a timely quote. - #12;Orc Basics · Site: Basic service or component. · Concurrency

  5. Workflow Patterns in Orc William R. Cook, Sourabh Patwardhan, and Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Workflow Patterns in Orc William R. Cook, Sourabh Patwardhan, and Jayadev Misra Department systems and models. In this paper we provide implementations of the workflow patterns in Orc, a new process calculus for orchestrating wide-area computations. A key feature of the Orc implementations

  6. The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra The University of Texas at Austin Abstract. Orc was originally presented as a process calculus. It has now practical concurrent programming problems are easily solved in Orc. 1 Introduction Concurrency has become

  7. High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC Amandine of Mask Rule Checking (MRC) and Optical Rule Checking (ORC) have become indispensable tools for ensuring, a technique known as Critical Failure ORC (CFORC) was introduced that uses optical parameters from aerial

  8. A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stevie

    A compositional trace semantics for Orc Dimitrios Vardoulakis and Mitchell Wand Northeastern University dimvar@ccs.neu.edu wand@ccs.neu.edu Abstract. Orc [9] is a language for task orchestration. It has binding, and proving an adequacy theorem to relate them. Also, we investigate strong bisimulation in Orc

  9. Rankine cycle system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ernst, Timothy C.; Nelson, Christopher R.

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A Rankine cycle waste heat recovery system uses a receiver with a maximum liquid working fluid level lower than the minimum liquid working fluid level of a sub-cooler of the waste heat recovery system. The receiver may have a position that is physically lower than the sub-cooler's position. A valve controls transfer of fluid between several of the components in the waste heat recovery system, especially from the receiver to the sub-cooler. The system may also have an associated control module.

  10. RAPID/Roadmap/4-OR-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a <3-FD-d3-WA-bRAPID/Roadmap/4-NV-a4-OR-c

  11. Rankine cycle waste heat recovery system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ernst, Timothy C.; Nelson, Christopher R.

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This disclosure relates to a waste heat recovery (WHR) system and to a system and method for regulation of a fluid inventory in a condenser and a receiver of a Rankine cycle WHR system. Such regulation includes the ability to regulate the pressure in a WHR system to control cavitation and energy conversion.

  12. Code Snippets Justin A. Roman, Tanisha Rankin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang, Paul

    Code Snippets Justin A. Roman, Tanisha Rankin, Grae Cullen, and Paul Wolfgang Fall Semester 2008 coding techniques. Professors will be allowed to assign pre-defined problems which will be listed will save, compile, run, and check the method. Pre-defined test cases will determine the validity

  13. High-Temperature Components for Rankine-Cycle-Based Waste Heat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Components for Rankine-Cycle-Based Waste Heat Recovery Systems on Combustion Engines High-Temperature Components for Rankine-Cycle-Based Waste Heat Recovery Systems on...

  14. Rankine bottoming cycle safety analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewandowski, G.A.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vector Engineering Inc. conducted a safety and hazards analysis of three Rankine Bottoming Cycle Systems in public utility applications: a Thermo Electron system using Fluorinal-85 (a mixture of 85 mole % trifluoroethanol and 15 mole % water) as the working fluid; a Sundstrand system using toluene as the working fluid; and a Mechanical Technology system using steam and Freon-II as the working fluids. The properties of the working fluids considered are flammability, toxicity, and degradation, and the risks to both plant workers and the community at large are analyzed.

  15. ORCED: A model to simulate the operations and costs of bulk-power markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dramatic changes in the structure and operation of US bulk-power markets require new analytical tools. The authors developed the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch (ORCED) model to analyze a variety of public-policy issues related to the many changes underway in the US electricity industry. Such issues include: policy and technology options to reduce carbon emissions from electricity production; the effects of electricity trading between high- and low-cost regions on consumers and producers in both regions; the ability of the owners of certain generating units to exercise market power as functions of the transmission link between two regions and the characteristics of the generating units and loads in each region; and the market penetration of new energy-production and energy-use technologies and the effects of their adoption on fuel use, electricity use and costs, and carbon emissions. ORCED treats two electrical systems connected by a single transmission link ORCED uses two load-duration curves to represent the time-varying electricity consumption in each region. The two curves represent peak and offpeak seasons. User specification of demand elasticities permits ORCED to estimate the effects of changes in electricity price, both overall and hour by hour, on overall electricity use and load shapes. ORCED represents the electricity supply in each region with 26 generating units. The two regions are connected by a single transmission link. This link is characterized by its capacity (MW), cost ({cents}/kWh), and losses (%). This report explains the inputs to, outputs from, and operation of ORCED. It also presents four examples showing applications of the model to various public-policy issues related to restructuring of the US electricity industry.

  16. Rankine and Brayton Cycle Cogeneration for Glass Melting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hnat, J. G.; Patten, J. S.; Sheth, P. R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparisons are made of the performance and installation costs of Rankine and Brayton power cycles when applied to waste heat recovery from a 350 ton/day container glass furnace. The power cycles investigation included: a) a conventional steam...

  17. Low Temperature Waste Energy Recovery at Chemical Plants and Refineries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferland, K.; papar, R.; Quinn, J.; Kumar, S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    candidates of waste heat recovery technologies that might have an application in these industries. Four technologies that met the criteria of the Advisory Committee included: organic rankine cycle (ORC), absorption refrigeration and chilling, Kalina cycle...

  18. Tiengwe, C., Marcello, L., Farr, H., Gadelha, C., Burchmore, R., Barry, J.D., Bell, S.D., and McCulloch, R. (2012) Identification of ORC1/CDC6-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azzopardi, Leif

    Culloch, R. (2012) Identification of ORC1/CDC6- interacting factors in trypanosoma brucei reveals critical publications by members of the University of Glasgow http://eprints.gla.ac.uk #12;Identification of ORC1/CDC6 Complex (ORC), Cdc6 and the MCM replicative helicase in conjunction with Cdt1. Eukaryotic ORC

  19. Modeling, design and analysis of micro-scale Rankine-based systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Ling, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the modeling and design of two major types of micro Rankine-cycle-based machines: a single-Rankine-based power system and a waste-heat-driven cooler. As part of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ...

  20. Dynamic response of Earth's magnetosphere to By reversals K. Kabin, R. Rankin, and R. Marchand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Dynamic response of Earth's magnetosphere to By reversals K. Kabin, R. Rankin, and R. Marchand Citation: Kabin, K., R. Rankin, R. Marchand, T. I. Gombosi, C. R. Clauer, A. J. Ridley, V. O. Papitashvili

  1. Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Tony

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    organic Rankine cycle," Renewable Energy, vol. 4, pp. 1196-power cycle driven by renewable energy sources," Energy,geothermal resources," Renewable Energy, vol. 37, pp. 364-

  2. Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Tony

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonconventional Fluids," ASME Jour of Engineering for Power,fluids for Organic Rankine Cycles," Applied Thermal Engineering,fluid in waste heat recovery," Applied Thermal Engineering,

  3. Method of optimizing performance of Rankine cycle power plants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pope, William L. (Walnut Creek, CA); Pines, Howard S. (El Cerrito, CA); Doyle, Padraic A. (Oakland, CA); Silvester, Lenard F. (Richmond, CA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for efficiently operating a Rankine cycle power plant (10) to maximize fuel utilization efficiency or energy conversion efficiency or minimize costs by selecting a turbine (22) fluid inlet state which is substantially in the area adjacent and including the transposed critical temperature line (46).

  4. Performance of an Organic Rankine Cycle Waste Heat Recovery System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference in Detroit, MI, September 27-30, 2010. p-04briggs.pdf More Documents & Publications Development of a...

  5. Organic Rankine Cycle Turbine for Exhaust Energy Recovery in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains Environmental Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines on Fish: Desktop and Laboratory Flume Studies Achieving High Efficiency at 2010 Emissions...

  6. Organic Rankine Cycle for Light Duty Passenger Vehicles | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDiesel Enginesthe U.S.Solar CompanyEngine |

  7. Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE TribaltheMyMinutes fromBased|SEI Layer |of

  8. Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthComments MEMA:May1.docEx5.docofPotomacJulyModernizing the Grid

  9. Organic Rankine Cycles for the Petro-Chemical Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, R. K.; Colosimo, D. D.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and economically convert this type of heat flow into useful power. The system under development by MTI is one based on a conventional fluorocarbon refrigerant to generate a nominal 1000 kW from typical liquid and vapor streams in the process plant. The 220 F...

  10. Rankine-Brayton engine powered solar thermal aircraft

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar thermal powered aircraft powered by heat energy from the sun. A Rankine-Brayton hybrid cycle heat engine is carried by the aircraft body for producing power for a propulsion mechanism, such as a propeller or other mechanism for enabling sustained free flight. The Rankine-Brayton engine has a thermal battery, preferably containing a lithium-hydride and lithium mixture, operably connected to it so that heat is supplied from the thermal battery to a working fluid. A solar concentrator, such as reflective parabolic trough, is movably connected to an optically transparent section of the aircraft body for receiving and concentrating solar energy from within the aircraft. Concentrated solar energy is collected by a heat collection and transport conduit, and heat transported to the thermal battery. A solar tracker includes a heliostat for determining optimal alignment with the sun, and a drive motor actuating the solar concentrator into optimal alignment with the sun based on a determination by the heliostat.

  11. Rankin County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosource HistoryRaftRamsey,Rangely, Colorado: EnergyRankin

  12. Potassium Rankine cycle nuclear power systems for spacecraft and lunar-mass surface power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, R.S.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potassium Rankine cycle has high potential for application to nuclear power systems for spacecraft and surface power on the moon and Mars. A substantial effort on the development of Rankine cycle space power systems was carried out in the 1960`s. That effort is summarized and the status of the technology today is presented. Space power systems coupling Rankine cycle power conversion to both the SP-100 reactor and thermionic reactors as a combined power cycle are described in the paper.

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced potassium rankine Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    steam directly to the turbine; for this example, the pressure chosen matches the subcritical Rankine Source: Australian National University, Department of Engineering,...

  14. Rankine-Hugoniot Relations in Relativistic Combustion Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Yang

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a foundational element describing relativistic reacting waves of relevance to astrophysical phenomena, the Rankine-Hugoniot relations classifying the various propagation modes of detonation and deflagration are analyzed in the relativistic regime, with the results properly degenerating to the non-relativistic and highlyrelativistic limits. The existence of negative-pressure downstream flows is noted for relativistic shocks, which could be of interest in the understanding of the nature of dark energy. Entropy analysis for relativistic shock waves are also performed for relativistic fluids with different equations of state (EoS), denoting the existence of rarefaction shocks in fluids with adiabatic index \\Gamma < 1 in their EoS. The analysis further shows that weak detonations and strong deflagrations, which are rare phenomena in terrestrial environments, are expected to exist more commonly in astrophysical systems because of the various endothermic reactions present therein. Additional topics of relevanc...

  15. The Design of an Open Rankine-Cycle Industrial Heat Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leibowitz, H. M.; Chaudoir, D. W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An open Rankine-cycle heat pump is ideally suited for producing low-pressure industrial process steam. Because steam serves as both the heat pump motive fluid and process fluid, the system achieves a unique simplicity and versatility...

  16. Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    dioxide (CO2). The two organic fluids are characterized by complex molecules and moderate to high recent studies suggest that supercritical Organic Rankine Cycles have a great potential for low architecture. In this work we investigate flows of dense gases through axial, multi-stage, supercritical ORC

  17. Supervision and control prototyping for an engine exhaust gas heat recovery system based on a steam Rankine cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Supervision and control prototyping for an engine exhaust gas heat recovery system based on a steam Rankine steam process for exhaust gas heat recovery from a spark-ignition (SI) engine, from a prototyping of a practical supervi- sion and control system for a pilot Rankine steam process for exhaust gas heat recovery

  18. Evaluation of Brayton and Rankine alternatives for diesel waste heat exploitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodward, J.B. (Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A diesel engine may produce exhaust-gas thermal energy in excess of that needed for turbocharging. Alternatives for exploitation of the energy by producing work may be direct expansion through a gas turbine (completing a Brayton cycle that begins with the engine's compression and combustion), or transfer of heat into a Rankine cycle. It is demonstrated that either alternative may have a domain in which it is superior in work done, or in exhaust volume per unit mass of diesel exhaust. Computation models are developed and demonstrated for finding the boundaries along which the Rankine and Brayton alternatives have equal merit in either work or exhaust volume.

  19. Towards model-based control of a steam Rankine process for engine waste heat recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Towards model-based control of a steam Rankine process for engine waste heat recovery Johan Peralez steam process for exhaust gas heat recovery from a spark-ignition engine, focusing in particular results on a steam process for SI engines, [3] on generic control issues and [4] which provides a comp

  20. Mobile DNA can drive lineage extinction in prokaryotic populations D. J. RANKIN* , M. BICHSEL* & A. WAGNER*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Daniel

    Mobile DNA can drive lineage extinction in prokaryotic populations D. J. RANKIN* , M. BICHSEL* & A of Bioinformatics, Quartier Sorge Ba^timent Ge´nopode, Lausanne, Switzerland Introduction Mobile genetic elements the individual or the population. Mobile genetic elements illustrate this principle well, because they can self

  1. Method of optimizing performance of Rankine cycle power plants. [US DOE Patent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pope, W.L.; Pines, H.S.; Doyle, P.A.; Silvester, L.F.

    1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for efficiently operating a Rankine cycle power plant to maximize fuel utilization efficiency or energy conversion efficiency or minimize costs by selecting a turbine fluid inlet state which is substantially on the area adjacent and including the transposed critical temperature line.

  2. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fifth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 1-3, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of generating significant electrical power for facility consumption. To verify this concept, DOE's Rocky (CRADA) between Ormat Nevada, Inc. and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This CRADA was followed Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power plant. This unit was installed at the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3

  3. A new parabolic trough solar collector P. Kohlenbach1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    oil is circulated inside the absorber tube, and transfers the heat to a ORC FP6 unit sourced from of this facility, to develop efficient new methods of capturing and harnessing solar heat for combined heat) and remote power and energy. The array is designed to drive a small Organic Rankine Cycle unit with a power

  4. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of an ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) plant having a net power capacity of 1,5MWe. Surface equipments (turbine fluid geochemistry, the temperature field and the hydraulic properties of the deep crystalline basement). The geothermal wells were hydraulically and chemically stimulated between 2000 and 2007 in order to enhance

  5. Advanced fusion MHD power conversion using the CFAR (compact fusion advanced Rankine) cycle concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, M.A.; Campbell, R.; Logan, B.G. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA); Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CFAR (compact fusion advanced Rankine) cycle concept for a tokamak reactor involves the use of a high-temperature Rankine cycle in combination with microwave superheaters and nonequilibrium MHD disk generators to obtain a compact, low-capital-cost power conversion system which fits almost entirely within the reactor vault. The significant savings in the balance-of-plant costs are expected to result in much lower costs of electricity than previous concepts. This paper describes the unique features of the CFAR cycle and a high- temperature blanket designed to take advantage of it as well as the predicted performance of the MHD disk generators using mercury seeded with cesium. 40 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Reduced gravity Rankine cycle system design and optimization study with passive vortex phase separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supak, Kevin Robert

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    REDUCED GRAVITY RANKINE CYCLE SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION STUDY WITH PASSIVE VORTEX PHASE SEPARATION A Thesis by KEVIN ROBERT SUPAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... SEPARATION A Thesis by KEVIN ROBERT SUPAK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Frederick...

  7. Modular symbols for reductive groups and p-adic Rankin-Selberg convolutions over number fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Januszewski, Fabian

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a construction of a wide class of modular symbols attached to reductive groups. As an application we construct a p-adic distribution interpolating the special values of the twisted Rankin-Selberg L-function attached to cuspidal automorphic representations of GL(n) and GL(n-1) over number fields. If the representations are ordinary at p, our distribution is bounded and gives rise to a p-adic L-function.

  8. Nexant Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plant Systems Analysis; Task 2: Comparison of Wet and Dry Rankine Cycle Heat Rejection, 20 January 2005 - 31 December 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, B.

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subcontract report by Nexant, Inc., regarding a system analysis comparing solar parabolic trough plants with wet and dry rankine cycle heat rejection.

  9. A review of test results on parabolic dish solar thermal power modules with dish-mounted rankine engines and for production of process steam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaffe, L.D.

    1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents results of development testing of various solar thermal parabolic dish modules and assemblies. Most of the tests were at modules and assemblies that used a dish-mounted, organic Rankine cycle turbine for production of electric power. Some tests were also run on equipment for production of process steam or for production of electricity using dish-mounted reciprocating steam engines. These tests indicate that early modules achieve efficiencies of about 18 percent in converting sunlight to electricity (excluding the inverter but including parasitics). A number of malfunctions occurred. The performance measurements, as well as the malfunctions and other operating experience, provided information that should be of value in developing systems with improved performance and reduced maintenance.

  10. Organic Rankine Cycle Systems for Waste Heat Recovery in Refineries and Chemical Process Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meacher, J. S.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and turbine inlet temperatures from 170 to 260oF. The machine design has eliminated the need for shaft seals, shaft couplings and the usual lube oil console normally required for turbine-generator units. Results of prototype tests of a 1 MW unit are presented...

  11. Optimized nuclear and solar dynamic organic Rankine cycles for Space Station applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eubanks, Dana Len

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1988) Dana Len Eubanks, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Frederick R. Best In order to better characterize the growth power generation system of the Space Station, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration has re... and design the required nuclear, solar dynamic, and thermodynamic components. The solar and nuclear systems are optimized with respect to one of three variables: system mass, volume, or thermodynamic effi- ciency. Having optimized the two power options& a...

  12. Organic Rankine Cycle Turbine for Exhaust Energy Recovery in a Heavy Truck

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDiesel Enginesthe U.S.Solar CompanyEngine | Department

  13. Performance of an Organic Rankine Cycle Waste Heat Recovery System for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652Grow YourPerformance AuditPerformance of aLight

  14. Waste Heat-to-Power Using Scroll Expander for Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012NuclearBradley Nickell02-03 AUDITMotionWhen LifeDRAFT

  15. The Carnot efficiencybetween these temperatures is: This provides an absolute upper limit to the Rankine cycle effi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y. A.

    to the Rankine cycle effi- ciency. Heat Absorbed from Stream 3 Power Produced by Steam Turbine Required Power a steam cycle alongsidethe gas turbine cycle. LITERATURE CITED Christodoulou,K., Diploma Thesis, N Output of Gas Turbine For the Gas Turbine Cycle Calculated for Case 2, Upper Exhaust Temperature T6

  16. Organized Research Center Guidelines Definition and Purpose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhongfei "Mark"

    and should generally become self- sustaining within three to five years. An ORC may not be established

  17. Rankine cycle condenser pressure control using an energy conversion device bypass valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ernst, Timothy C; Nelson, Christopher R; Zigan, James A

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a waste heat recovery system and method in which pressure in a Rankine cycle (RC) system of the WHR system is regulated by diverting working fluid from entering an inlet of an energy conversion device of the RC system. In the system, an inlet of a controllable bypass valve is fluidly coupled to a working fluid path upstream of an energy conversion device of the RC system, and an outlet of the bypass valve is fluidly coupled to the working fluid path upstream of the condenser of the RC system such that working fluid passing through the bypass valve bypasses the energy conversion device and increases the pressure in a condenser. A controller determines the temperature and pressure of the working fluid and controls the bypass valve to regulate pressure in the condenser.

  18. Potassium Rankine cycle power conversion systems for lunar-Mars surface power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, R.S.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potassium Rankine cycle has good potential for application to nuclear power systems for surface power on the moon and Mars. A substantial effort on the development of the power conversion was carried out in the 1960`s which demonstrated successful operation of components made of stainless steel at moderate temperatures. This technology could be applied in the near term to produce a 360 kW(e) power system by coupling a stainless steel power conversion system to the SP-100 reactor. Improved performance could be realized in later systems by utilizing niobium or tantalum refractory metal alloys in the reactor and power conversion system. The design characteristics and estimated mass of power systems for each of three technology levels are presented in the paper. 8 refs.

  19. Modeling of a second-generation solar-driven Rankine air conditioner. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denius, M.W.; Batton, W.D.

    1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten configurations of a second-generation (2G), solar-powered, Rankine-driven air conditioner were simulated and the data presented for use in companion studies. The results of the analysis show that the boiling-in-collector (BIC) configuration generates more power per collector area than the other configurations. The models used to simulate the configuration are presented in this report. The generated data are also presented. Experimental work was done under this study to both improve a novel refrigerant and oil lubrication system for the centrifugal compressor and investigate the aerodynamic unloading characteristics of the centrifugal compressor. The information generated was used to define possible turbo-gearbox configurations for use in the second generation computer simulation.

  20. Organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat CornellInternships,(SC) Laboratories »OrganicOrganization

  1. ECONOMICS AND FEASIBILITY OF RANKINE CYCLE IMPROVEMENTS FOR COAL FIRED POWER PLANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard E. Waryasz; Gregory N. Liljedahl

    2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    ALSTOM Power Inc.'s Power Plant Laboratories (ALSTOM) has teamed with the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL), American Electric Company (AEP) and Parsons Energy and Chemical Group to conduct a comprehensive study evaluating coal fired steam power plants, known as Rankine Cycles, equipped with three different combustion systems: Pulverized Coal (PC), Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB), and Circulating Moving Bed (CMB{trademark}). Five steam cycles utilizing a wide range of steam conditions were used with these combustion systems. The motivation for this study was to establish through engineering analysis, the most cost-effective performance potential available through improvement in the Rankine Cycle steam conditions and combustion systems while at the same time ensuring that the most stringent emission performance based on CURC (Coal Utilization Research Council) 2010 targets are met: > 98% sulfur removal; < 0.05 lbm/MM-Btu NO{sub x}; < 0.01 lbm/MM-Btu Particulate Matter; and > 90% Hg removal. The final report discusses the results of a coal fired steam power plant project, which is comprised of two parts. The main part of the study is the analysis of ten (10) Greenfield steam power plants employing three different coal combustion technologies: Pulverized Coal (PC), Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB), and Circulating Moving Bed (CMB{trademark}) integrated with five different steam cycles. The study explores the technical feasibility, thermal performance, environmental performance, and economic viability of ten power plants that could be deployed currently, in the near, intermediate, and long-term time frame. For the five steam cycles, main steam temperatures vary from 1,000 F to 1,292 F and pressures from 2,400 psi to 5,075 psi. Reheat steam temperatures vary from 1,000 F to 1,328 F. The number of feedwater heaters varies from 7 to 9 and the associated feedwater temperature varies from 500 F to 626 F. The main part of the study therefore determines the steam cycle parameters and combustion technology that would yield the lowest cost of electricity (COE) for the next generation of coal-fired steam power plants. The second part of the study (Repowering) explores the means of upgrading the efficiency and output of an older existing coal fired steam power plant. There are currently more than 1,400 coal-fired units in operation in the United States generating about 54 percent of the electricity consumed. Many of these are modern units are clean and efficient. Additionally, there are many older units in excellent condition and still in service that could benefit from this repowering technology. The study evaluates the technical feasibility, thermal performance, and economic viability of this repowering concept.

  2. Dynamics of a relativistic Rankine vortex for a two-constituent superfluid in a weak perturbation of cylindrical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Boisseau

    1999-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    From a recent study of a stationary cylindrical solution for a relativistic two-constituent superfluid at low temperature limit, we propose to specify this solution under the form of a relativistic generalisation of a Rankine vortex (Potential vortex whose the core has a solid body rotation).Then we establish the dynamics of the central line of this vortex by supposing that the deviation from the cylindrical configuration is weak in the neighbourhood of the core of the vortex. In "stiff" material the Nambu-Goto equations are obtained.

  3. A review of "Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500-1800" edited by Elaine Leong and Alisha Rankin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelter, Irving A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the view of musicians in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that do not necessarily re#24; ect a historical development. Elaine Leong and Alisha Rankin, eds. Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500-1800. Farnham, England and Burlington..., VT: Ashgate, 2011. ix + 247 pp. + 1 illus. $104.95. Review by #4; #5;#30; #18;. #31;#3;#15;#6;#3; , #5; #4;#3; #2; #6;#11; #14;#19; #2;#6;. #6;#7;#14;#20;#18;#2;, #7;#14; #2;#6;#14;#5;. We all have secrets. Individuals, institutions and nations...

  4. Scaling of Thermal-Hydraulic Experiments for a Space Rankine Cycle and Selection of a Preconceptual Scaled Experiment Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sulfredge, CD

    2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    To assist with the development of a space-based Rankine cycle power system using liquid potassium as the working fluid, a study has been conducted on possible scaled experiments with simulant fluids. This report will consider several possible working fluids and describe a scaling methodology to achieve thermal-hydraulic similarity between an actual potassium system and scaled representations of the Rankine cycle boiler or condenser. The most practical scaling approach examined is based on the selection of perfluorohexane (FC-72) as the simulant. Using the scaling methodology, a series of possible solutions have been calculated for the FC-72 boiler and condenser. The possible scaled systems will then be compared and preconceptual specifications and drawings given for the most promising design. The preconceptual design concept will also include integrating the scaled boiler and scaled condenser into a single experimental loop. All the preconceptual system specifications appear practical from a fabrication and experimental standpoint, but further work will be needed to arrive at a final experiment design.

  5. Technology Development Program for an Advanced Potassium Rankine Power Conversion System Compatible with Several Space Reactor Designs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoder, G.L.

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the work performed during the first phase of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Research Announcement (NRA) Technology Development Program for an Advanced Potassium Rankine Power Conversion System Compatible with Several Space Reactor Designs. The document includes an optimization of both 100-kW{sub e} and 250-kW{sub e} (at the propulsion unit) Rankine cycle power conversion systems. In order to perform the mass optimization of these systems, several parametric evaluations of different design options were investigated. These options included feed and reheat, vapor superheat levels entering the turbine, three different material types, and multiple heat rejection system designs. The overall masses of these Nb-1%Zr systems are approximately 3100 kg and 6300 kg for the 100- kW{sub e} and 250-kW{sub e} systems, respectively, each with two totally redundant power conversion units, including the mass of the single reactor and shield. Initial conceptual designs for each of the components were developed in order to estimate component masses. In addition, an overall system concept was presented that was designed to fit within the launch envelope of a heavy lift vehicle. A technology development plan is presented in the report that describes the major efforts that are required to reach a technology readiness level of 6. A 10-year development plan was proposed.

  6. Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander for Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of| Department of EnergyDepartmentDepartment ofof

  7. ammonia-water trilateral rankine: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: combined cycle concept...

  8. Assessment of dynamic energy conversion systems for radioisotope heat sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thayer, G.R.; Mangeng, C.A.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of dynamic conversion systems to convert the heat generated in a 7500 W(t) 90 Sr radioisotopic heat source to electricity is examined. The systems studies were Stirling; Brayton Cycle; three organic Rankines (ORCs) (Barber-Nichols/ORMAT, Sundstrand, and TRW); and an organic Rankine plus thermoelectrics. The systems were ranked for a North Warning System mission using a Los Alamos Multiattribute Decision Theory code. Three different heat source designs were used: case I with a beginning of life (BOL) source temperature of 640 C, case II with a BOL source temperature of 745/sup 0/C, and case III with a BOL source temperature of 945/sup 0/C. The Stirling engine system was the top-ranked system of cases I and II, closely followed by the ORC systems in case I and ORC plus thermoelectrics in case II. The Brayton cycle system was top-ranked for case III, with the Stirling engine system a close second. The use of /sup 238/Pu in heat source sizes of 7500 W(t) was examined and found to be questionable because of cost and material availability and because of additional requirements for analysis of safeguards and critical mass.

  9. Test Requirements and Conceptual Design for a Potassium Test Loop to Support an Advanced Potassium Rankine Cycle Power Conversion Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoder, JR.G.L.

    2006-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Parameters for continuing the design and specification of an experimental potassium test loop are identified in this report. Design and construction of a potassium test loop is part of the Phase II effort of the project ''Technology Development Program for an Advanced Potassium Rankine Power Conversion System''. This program is supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Design features for the potassium test loop and its instrumentation system, specific test articles, and engineered barriers for ensuring worker safety and protection of the environment are described along with safety and environmental protection requirements to be used during the design process. Information presented in the first portion of this report formed the basis to initiate the design phase of the program; however, the report is a living document that can be changed as necessary during the design process, reflecting modifications as additional design details are developed. Some portions of the report have parameters identified as ''to be determined'' (TBD), reflecting the early stage of the overall process. In cases where specific design values are presently unknown, the report attempts to document the quantities that remain to be defined in order to complete the design of the potassium test loop and supporting equipment.

  10. Low power reactor for remote applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, K.L.; Palmer, R.G.; Kirchner, W.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact, low power reactor is being designed to provide electric power for remote, unattended applications. Because of the high fuel and maintenance costs for conventional power sources such as diesel generators, a reactor power supply appears especially attractive for remote and inaccessible locations. Operating at a thermal power level of 135 kWt, the power supply achieves a gross electrical output of 25 kWe from an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine. By intentional selection of design features stressing inherent safety, operation in an unattended mode is possible with minimal risk to the environment. Reliability is achieved through the use of components representing existing, proven technology. Low enrichment uranium particle fuel, in graphite core blocks, cooled by heat pipes coupled to an ORC converter insures long-term, virtually maintenance free, operation of this reactor for remote applications. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Determination of Thermal-Degradation Rates of Some Candidate Rankine-Cycle Organic Working Fluids for Conversion of Industrial Waste Heat Into Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, M. L.; Demirgian, J.; Krazinski, J. L.; Bushby, H.; Mattes, H.; Purcell, J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 monoxide varies between 1.6 and 4.7%, but it is generally between 4.1 and 4.7%. Carbon dioxide is less than 0.5% and observed to be increasing very slowly. A sharp increase.... The amount of carbon monoxide varies between 0.4% and 3.0% and appears to alternately decrease and increase. This rather strange phenomenon remains to be explained. The carbon dioxide increases steadily from 0.5% at 125 hours to 3.1% at liDO hours...

  12. Phase I-B development of kinematic Stirling/Rankine commercial gas-fired heat-pump system. Final report, September 1983-December 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, R.E.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kinematic Stirling/Rankine gas heat pump concept is based on the application of a Stirling engine that has been under development for over a decade. The engine has been converted to natural gas and is characterized with many thousand hours of operating experience. The goal of the project is to develop a commercial-size Stirling engine-driven gas heat pump with a cooling capacity of 10-ton, and a COP (heating) of 1.8 and COP (cooling) of 1.1. The project is a multi-phase development with commercialization planned for 1989. In this phase, an HVAC systems manufacturer (Borg-Warner) is working with SPS to develop a prototype gas-heat-pump system. To date, a piston-type open-shaft refrigeration compressor was selected as the best match for the engine. Both the engine and compressor have been tested and characterized by performance maps, and the experimental heat-pump systems designed, built, and preliminary testing performed. Close agreement with computer model output has been achieved. SPS has continued to focus on improving the Stirling-engine performance and reliability for the gas-heat-pump application.

  13. Phase 1-supplemental development of a kinematic Stirling/Rankine commercial gas-fired heat-pump system. Final report, January 1989-June 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, R.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinematic Stirling/Rankine gas heat pump concept is based on the application of a Stirling engine that has been under development for over a decade. The engine has been converted to natural gas and is characterized with many thousand hours of operating experience. The goal of the project is to develop a commercial size Stirling engine-driven gas heat pump with a cooling capacity of 10 tons, a COP (heating) of 1.8 and a COP (cooling) of 1.1. The project is a multi-phase development with commercialization planned for the mid-1990's. In previous phases, an HVAC-systems manufacturer (York International) had been working with SPS to develop a prototype gas-heat-pump system. To date, two generations of prototype GHP systems have been built and tested and have demonstrated significant operating cost savings over the conventional electric heat pump. Under the program, a number of design and manufacturing process changes were made to the engine to reduce costs and improve endurance and shaft efficiency and are described. The adaptation and operation of a computer optimization code was accomplished under the program and is reported herein.

  14. RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT DIVISION OF RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    CENTERS (ORC) TO RECEIVE CREDIT: ORC % Credit ORC % Credit ORC/Director Signature ORC/Director Signature

  15. Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Tony

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimization," in ASME International Joint Power Generationfor Solar Rankine Power Generation," ASME Journal of SolarBrayton-Cycle Solar Power Towers," ASME Journal of Solar

  16. Organic geochemistry and organic petrography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bostick, N.H.; Hatch, J.R.; Daws, T.A.; Love, A.H.; Lubeck, S.C.M.; Threlkeld, C.N.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Vermillion Creek coals and shales contain dominantly humic organic matter originating from woody plant tissues except for one shale unit above the coals, which contains hydrogen-rich kerogen that is mostly remains of filamentous algae, of likely lacustrine origin. The coals have two unusual features - very low inertinite content and high sulfur content compared to mined western coals. However, neither of these features points to the limnic setting reported for the Vermillion Creek sequence. The vitrinite reflectance of Vermillion Creek shales is markedly lower than that of the coals and is inversely proportional to the H/C ratio of the shales. Rock-Eval pyrolysis results, analyses of H, C, and N, petrographic observations, isotope composition of organic carbon, and amounts and compositions of the CHCl/sub 3/-extractable organic matter all suggest mixtures of two types of organic matter in the Vermillion Creek coals and clay shales: (1) isotopically heavy, hydrogen-deficient, terrestrial organic matter, as was found in the coals, and (2) isotopically light, hydrogen-rich organic matter similar to that found in one of the clay-shale samples. The different compositions of the Vermillion Creek coal, the unnamed Williams Fork Formation coals, and coals from the Middle Pennsylvanian Marmaton and Cherokee Groups are apparently caused by differences in original plant composition, alteration of organic matter related to different pH conditions of the peat swamps, and slightly different organic maturation levels.

  17. Phases I-C, I-D and I-E development of Kinematic Stirling/Rankine commercial gas-fired heat pump system. Final report, January 1986-September 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monahan, R.E.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kinematic Stirling/Rankine gas-heat-pump concept is based on the application of a Stirling engine under development for over a decade. The engine was converted to natural gas and is characterized with many thousand hours of operating experience. The goal of the project is to develop a commercial-size Stirling engine-driven gas heat pump with a cooling capacity of 10-tons, a COP (heating) of 1.8 and a COP (cooling) of 1.1. The project is a multi-phase development with commercialization planned for 1990. In these phases, an HVAC systems manufacturer (York International) has been working with SPS to develop a prototype gas-heat-pump system. To date, two generations of prototype GHP systems have been built and tested and have demonstrated significant operating cost savings over the conventional electric heat pump. Data are presented for environmental laboratory testing of both prototype gas heat pumps as well as durability, reliability, performance, and emission testing of the V160 Stirling engine. A number of design and manufacturing process changes were made to the engine to reduce costs and improve endurance and shaft efficiency and are described.

  18. Organic Superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles Mielke

    2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Intense magnetic fields are an essential tool for understanding layered superconductors. Fundamental electronic properties of organic superconductors are revealed in intense (60 tesla) magnetic fields. Properties such as the topology of the Fermi surface and the nature of the superconducting order parameter are revealed. With modest maximum critical temperatures~13K the charge transfer salt organic superconductors prove to be incredibly valuable materials as their electronically clean nature and layered (highly anisotropic) structures yield insights to the high temperature superconductors. Observation of de Haas-van Alphen and Shubnikov-de Haas quantum oscillatory phenomena, magnetic field induced superconductivity and re-entrant superconductivity are some of the physical phenomena observed in the charge transfer organic superconductors. In this talk, I will discuss the nature of organic superconductors and give an overview of the generation of intense magnetic fields; from the 60 tesla millisecond duration to the extreme 1000 tesla microsecond pulsed magnetic fields.

  19. TRANSFERANDDEVELOP~ffiNTLENGTHSOFCFRPRE~ORCE~ffiNT 1. ABSTRACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , produced by Mitsubishi Chemicals, Japan, and Carbon Fibre Composite Cables, CFCC, produced by Tokyo Rope, Japan. Twelve beams and four prisms pretensioned with Leadline bars and 22 beams pretensioned with CFCC prestressed with Leadline bars and CFCC strands respectively. In these tables, beam and prism specimens

  20. RAPID/Roadmap/14-OR-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a Nonpoint Source Pollutionb

  1. RAPID/Roadmap/6-OR-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling andNM-b ConstructionOR-c

  2. RAPID/Roadmap/3-OR-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a <3-FD-d Foresto3-NM-d3-OR-b Easements

  3. RAPID/Roadmap/8-OR-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a4-WA-a7-CA-e8-HI-a8-NV-c Certificate

  4. Risk of Infection and adverse outcomes among pregnant working women in selected occupational groups: A study in the Danish National Birth Cohort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IC95%) Multiple major congenital anomalies ORc ORa Ą ORc ORaĄ ORc ORaĄ ORc ORc ORa Ą (IC95%) (IC95%) (IC95%) (IC95%) (IC95%) (

  5. Organization Chart - Home

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LSD Logo About Us People & Organization Research News & Events Safety Internal Resources Organization Chart Departments Scientific Staff Directory Committees Organization Chart...

  6. UT Arlington Rankin Society Membership Roster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Fairchild Aaron L. Farmer Shelly Frank William Frey David H. Gaines Robert Gamble Paul Geisel Randy and Beth Gideon Michael Gingrich John and Judy Goolsby Danny Griffin Mary Groner Sue Harl Ralph and Susan Hawkins. Wesson John and Darlene Wier Dale* and Cindy Will Stephen D. Willey Gretchen N. Williams David F. Wolf

  7. THE TRANSPOSED CRITICAL TEMPERATURE RANKINE THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, William L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Electricity from Geothermal Energy," Brown University,Simulation of Geothermal Energy Cycles), LBL publication-Manager), Economics "Geothermal Energy Conversion and Case

  8. THE TRANSPOSED CRITICAL TEMPERATURE RANKINE THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, William L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conversion and Case Studies," EPRI ER-301, Project 580,at Heber, California," EPRI ER-670, Project 580, prepared byProject Manager-EPRI), "Heber Geothermal Demonstration Power

  9. CURRICULUM VITAE DEREK DUNN-RANKIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    laser radiation; thermophoretic transport in a heated turbulent boundary layer; June 1985­November 1985

  10. Rankin, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosource HistoryRaftRamsey,Rangely, Colorado:

  11. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY UCLA Organic Chemistry Faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Alex J.

    ORGANIC CHEMISTRY UCLA Organic Chemistry Faculty perform research in molecular machines, exotic CHEMISTRY FACULTY RESEARCH INTERESTS Anne M. Andrews, Professor-in-Residence: Understanding how areas of interest include cross- coupling reactions, green chemistry, heterocycle synthesis, and natural

  12. Organic Photovoltaics Philip Schulz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Field Effect Transistors Organic Light Emitting Diodes Organic Solar Cells .OFET, OTFT .RF-ID tag 1977 ­ Conductivity in polymers 1986 ­ First heterojunction OPV 1987 ­ First organic light emitting diode (OLED) 1993 ­ First OPV from solution processing 2001 ­ First certified organic solar cell with 2

  13. Departmental Organization and Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1993-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective immediately, the Departmental organization structure reflected in the chart at Attachment 1 has been approved.

  14. Mixed crystal organic scintillators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaitseva, Natalia P; Carman, M Leslie; Glenn, Andrew M; Hamel, Sebastien; Hatarik, Robert; Payne, Stephen A; Stoeffl, Wolfgang

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A mixed organic crystal according to one embodiment includes a single mixed crystal having two compounds with different bandgap energies, the organic crystal having a physical property of exhibiting a signal response signature for neutrons from a radioactive source, wherein the signal response signature does not include a significantly-delayed luminescence characteristic of neutrons interacting with the organic crystal relative to a luminescence characteristic of gamma rays interacting with the organic crystal. According to one embodiment, an organic crystal includes bibenzyl and stilbene or a stilbene derivative, the organic crystal having a physical property of exhibiting a signal response signature for neutrons from a radioactive source.

  15. Organic photovoltaics and concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mapel, Jonathan King

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The separation of light harvesting and charge generation offers several advantages in the design of organic photovoltaics and organic solar concentrators for the ultimate end goal of achieving a lower cost solar electric ...

  16. Organic photosensitive devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rand, Barry P; Forrest, Stephen R

    2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention generally relates to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices. More specifically, it is directed to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices having a photoactive organic region containing encapsulated nanoparticles that exhibit plasmon resonances. An enhancement of the incident optical field is achieved via surface plasmon polariton resonances. This enhancement increases the absorption of incident light, leading to a more efficient device.

  17. Analysis of the processing body subunits Winnebago and Trailer Hitch in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Philip Yuan-Zheng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MTHFS Origin recognition complex ORC Ribonucleic acid RNAOrigin Recognition Complex (ORC). In particular, Orc5 wasCayirlioglu et al. 2005) ORC is a multiprotein complex

  18. Total Organic Carbon Analyzer | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Total Organic Carbon Analyzer Total Organic Carbon Analyzer The carbon analyzer is used to analyze total carbon (TC), inorganic carbon (IC), total organic carbon (TOC), purgeable...

  19. Organic vapor jet printing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic vapor jet printing system includes a pump for increasing the pressure of an organic flux.

  20. Effective Presentations Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, David H.

    1 Pericles Effective Presentations · Content · Organization · Delivery · Visual aids and graphics Be brave Graphics · KISS · Powerpoint: ­ Font · Bigger than you'd expect · San serif ­ Lines · Thicker than · Organization · Energy · Clarity · Poise Key: Practice Web Resources · http

  1. Organic Separation Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, Renee L.; Rinehart, Donald E.; Peterson, Reid A.

    2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Separable organics have been defined as “those organic compounds of very limited solubility in the bulk waste and that can form a separate liquid phase or layer” (Smalley and Nguyen 2013), and result from three main solvent extraction processes: U Plant Uranium Recovery Process, B Plant Waste Fractionation Process, and Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Process. The primary organic solvents associated with tank solids are TBP, D2EHPA, and NPH. There is concern that, while this organic material is bound to the sludge particles as it is stored in the tanks, waste feed delivery activities, specifically transfer pump and mixer pump operations, could cause the organics to form a separated layer in the tank farms feed tank. Therefore, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) is experimentally evaluating the potential of organic solvents separating from the tank solids (sludge) during waste feed delivery activities, specifically the waste mixing and transfer processes. Given the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) waste acceptance criteria per the Waste Feed Acceptance Criteria document (24590-WTP-RPT-MGT-11-014) that there is to be “no visible layer” of separable organics in the waste feed, this would result in the batch being unacceptable to transfer to WTP. This study is of particular importance to WRPS because of these WTP requirements.

  2. Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander for Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle Development of an Efficient, Cost- Effective System to Recover Medium- Grade...

  3. Departmental Organization Management System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1996-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Public Law 95-91, 42 United States Code 7101, Department of Energy Organization Act, Section 642 gives to the Secretary of the Department of Energy the responsibility to approve organization changes affecting the number, designation, or mission of Departmental Elements and to approve the addition, deletion, or transfer of missions and/or functions of or between Departmental Elements. In order to streamline the organizational change process, the Secretary has delegate to the Heads of Departmental Headquarters and Field Elements the authority to approve organization changes. No cancellations.

  4. Organic Photovoltaics Research

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE funds research and development projects related to organic photovoltaics (OPV) due to the unique benefits it offers. Below are a list of the projects, summary of the benefits, and discussion on...

  5. Organization | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »Exchange VisitorsforDepartment ofNoOrganization Organization View

  6. Organic contaminant separator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Del Mar, P.

    1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is presented of sample preparation prior to analysis for the concentration of an organic contaminant in an aqueous medium by (a) passing an initial aqueous medium including a minor amount of the organic contaminant through a composite tube comprised of a blend of a polyolefin and a polyester, the composite tube having an internal diameter of from about 0.1 to about 2.0 millimeters and being of sufficient length to permit the organic contaminant to adhere to the composite tube, (b) passing a solvent through the composite tube. The solvent is capable of separating the adhered organic contaminant from the composite tube. Further, an extraction apparatus is presented for sample preparation prior to analysis for the concentration of an organic contaminant in an aqueous medium. The apparatus includes a composite tube comprised of a blend of a polyolefin and a polyester. The composite tube has an internal diameter of from about 0.1 to about 2.0 millimeters and has sufficient length to permit an organic contaminant contained within an aqueous medium passed therethrough to adhere to the composite tube. 2 figures.

  7. Organic aerogel microspheres

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, S.T.; Kong, F.M.; Pekala, R.W.; Kaschmitter, J.L.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic aerogel microspheres are disclosed which can be used in capacitors, batteries, thermal insulation, adsorption/filtration media, and chromatographic packings, having diameters ranging from about 1 micron to about 3 mm. The microspheres can be pyrolyzed to form carbon aerogel microspheres. This method involves stirring the aqueous organic phase in mineral oil at elevated temperature until the dispersed organic phase polymerizes and forms nonstick gel spheres. The size of the microspheres depends on the collision rate of the liquid droplets and the reaction rate of the monomers from which the aqueous solution is formed. The collision rate is governed by the volume ratio of the aqueous solution to the mineral oil and the shear rate, while the reaction rate is governed by the chemical formulation and the curing temperature.

  8. Organic aerogel microspheres

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, Steven T. (San Leandro, CA); Kong, Fung-Ming (Pleasanton, CA); Pekala, Richard W. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic aerogel microspheres which can be used in capacitors, batteries, thermal insulation, adsorption/filtration media, and chromatographic packings, having diameters ranging from about 1 micron to about 3 mm. The microspheres can be pyrolyzed to form carbon aerogel microspheres. This method involves stirring the aqueous organic phase in mineral oil at elevated temperature until the dispersed organic phase polymerizes and forms nonsticky gel spheres. The size of the microspheres depends on the collision rate of the liquid droplets and the reaction rate of the monomers from which the aqueous solution is formed. The collision rate is governed by the volume ratio of the aqueous solution to the mineral oil and the shear rate, while the reaction rate is governed by the chemical formulation and the curing temperature.

  9. Sludge organics bioavailability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eiceman, G.E.; Bellin, C.A.; Ryan, J.A.; O'Connor, G.A.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concern over the bioavailability of toxic organics that can occur in municipal sludges threatens routine land application of sludge. Available data, however, show that concentrations of priority organics in normal sludges are low. Sludges applied at agronomic rates yield chemical concentrations in soil-sludge mixtures 50 to 100 fold lower. Plant uptake at these pollutant concentrations (and at much higher concentrations) is minimal. Chemicals are either (1) accumulated at extremely low levels (PCBs), (2) possibly accumulated, but then rapidly metabolized within plants to extremely low levels (DEHP), or (3) likely degraded so rapidly in soil that only minor contamination occurs (PCP and 2,4-DNP).

  10. Requestor's Name: Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Requestor's Name: Organization: Address: (No PO BOX) City, State, Zip: Cell: Phone: Fax: E showing major natural gas pipelines identified by owner and pipe diameter. 6) California Wind Resource Annual Wind Speed, Annual Wind Power, and Seasonal Wind Speed measured at various elevations (meters

  11. Organic solvent topical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowley, W.L.

    1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the technical basis for the accident and consequence analyses used in the Hanford Tank Farms Basis for Interim Operation. The report also contains the scientific and engineering information and reference material needed to understand the organic solvent safety issue. This report includes comments received from the Chemical Reactions Subcommittee of the Tank Advisory Panel.

  12. REPRESENTATIONS & CERTIFICATIONS ORGANIZATION: PHONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    or Agreement. 1. Labor Surplus Area: Offeror ___ will ___ will not, perform the work in an area classified labor surplus area; or (3) ___ substantial labor surplus area. 2. Type of Business Organization: Offeror Business Concern", means a small business concern that (1) is at least 51 percent unconditionally owned

  13. CCPPolicyBriefing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    BACKGROUND · Modern cartels are well-organized with sophisticated organizational structures. Disclosing to confidentiality, details on the organizational form of cracked cartels are rarely disclosed. · Theoretical to facilitating collusion. · Moreover, the efficiency gains of delegation in facilitating collusion can

  14. An overview of Cdk1-controlled targets and processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enserink, Jorrit M; Kolodner, Richard D

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 and ORC directs loading of the Mcm2-7Origin Recognition Complex (ORC, consisting of Orc1, Orc2,repli- cation origins [279]. ORC is involved in recruitment

  15. Organic solvent topical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    COWLEY, W.L.

    1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the basis for closing the organic solvent safety issue. Sufficient information is presented to conclude that risk posed by an organic solvent fire is within risk evaluation guidelines. This report updates information contained in Analysis of Consequences of Postulated Solvent Fires in Hanford Site Waste Tanks. WHC-SD-WM-CN-032. Rev. 0A (Cowley et al. 1996). However, this document will not replace Cowley et al (1996) as the primary reference for the Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) until the recently submitted BIO amendment (Hanson 1999) is approved by the US Department of Energy. This conclusion depends on the use of controls for preventing vehicle fuel fires and for limiting the use of flame cutting in areas where hot metal can fall on the waste surface.The required controls are given in the Tank Waste Remediation System Technical Safety Requirements (Noorani 1997b). This is a significant change from the conclusions presented in Revision 0 of this report. Revision 0 of this calcnote concluded that some organic solvent fire scenarios exceeded risk evaluation guidelines, even with controls imposed.

  16. Plan of organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McInnis, Louis L. (Louis Lowry); Scott, T. M.; Gulley, F. A. (Frank Arthur)

    1888-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~!lr fund available. By recent enactment the appropriation ib placed at the disposal of tEe screral States, and the station1 are being organized. OBJECT OF THE STATIONS. The purpose for which the Agricultural Experiment 11 mas passed is clearly... in the mails free. THE EXPERIMENT STATIONS were placed under the supervision of the Boards of Directors of the Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges, not for the pur- pose of assisting the colleges, but because it was thought the fund would be most...

  17. Bisfuel links - Professional organizations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien,BiologicalPresentationsProfessional organizations

  18. Organizations | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizing I/O performance onAbout MissionOrganizations

  19. Neighborhood Progress Through Organized Action.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Eula; Cox, Bonnie; Martin, E. C.

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] ~ei~ h borhood Progress Through Organized Action E. C. MARTIN, Administrative Assistant BONNIE COX, Organization Specialist MRS. EULA NEWMAN, Specialist in Home Management TEXAS A. & M. COLLEGE SYSTEM "The... coord: lent r peo plt 1. mmunity organization is successful when all families erested groups participate. Such an organization may inate interest in the community and provide an excel- neans for channeling most programs. The interest...

  20. Nuclear Organization and Genome Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corces, Victor G.

    Nuclear Organization and Genome Function Kevin Van Bortle and Victor G. Corces Department-range interactions and have proposed roles in nuclear organization. In this review, we explore recent findings for the roles of insulators in nuclear organization. 163 Annu.Rev.CellDev.Biol.2012.28:163-187.Downloadedfromwww

  1. Microorganisms for producing organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfleger, Brian Frederick; Begemann, Matthew Brett

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic acid-producing microorganisms and methods of using same. The organic acid-producing microorganisms comprise modifications that reduce or ablate AcsA activity or AcsA homolog activity. The modifications increase tolerance of the microorganisms to such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, acrylic acid, propionic acid, lactic acid, and others. Further modifications to the microorganisms increase production of such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, lactate, and others. Methods of producing such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid, lactate, and others with the modified microorganisms are provided. Methods of using acsA or homologs thereof as counter-selectable markers are also provided.

  2. Simulation of an Industrial Rankine Cycle Cogeneration Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carattie, G.; Wepfer, W. J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sophisticated designs of thermal systems may be evaluated, quickly and inexpensively, with the support of computer based system simulation techniques; i.e. CAD for thermal systems. Furthermore, the response of a thermal system to predicted periodic...

  3. APPLICATION OF TURBOMACHINERY IN SOLAR-ASSISTED RANKINE COOLING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leech, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and capacities for the centrifugal compressor in the aira double inlet to the centrifugal compressor or axial flowgreater than 70%) centrifugal compressors can be utilized

  4. Staging Rankine Cycles Using Ammonia for OTEC Power Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharathan, D.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent focus on renewable power production has renewed interest in looking into ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems. Early studies in OTEC applicability indicate that the island of Hawaii offers a potential market for a nominal 40-MWe system. a 40-MWe system represents a large leap in the current state of OTEC technology. Lockheed Martin Inc. is currently pursuing a more realistic goal of developing a 10-MWe system under U.S. Navy funding (Lockheed 2009). It is essential that the potential risks associated with the first-of-its-kind plant should be minimized for the project's success. Every means for reducing costs must also be pursued without increasing risks. With this in mind, the potential for increasing return on the investment is assessed both in terms of effective use of the seawater resource and of reducing equipment costs.

  5. Rankine Cycle Working Fluids for CC-OTEC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung et al., Seoul, Korea 8 R32/R290 Similar efficiency High pressure Smaller volume Good size 2 CC-OTEC plant Boiler, condenser, turbine Initial cost Size of the equipment Working fluids al., Seoul, Korea 6 Efficiency #12;Dongsoo Jung et al., Seoul, Korea 7 Equipment size #12;Dongsoo

  6. APPLICATION OF TURBOMACHINERY IN SOLAR-ASSISTED RANKINE COOLING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leech, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F. , jr. S. B. , S. M. Steam Turbines. Second Edition, Tenththe solar-assisted cycle. Steam turbines have been used forin Figure 5. Steam entering the turbine expends a portion of

  7. Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics Organic Molecule Functionalized Zn3P2 Nanowire Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics...

  8. Microsoft Word - INL_EXT-13-30173 simulation of air-cooled ORC...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Heat Transfer Engineering Data Book III," 2010. Online. Available: http:www.wlv.comproductsdatabookdb3DataBookIII.pdf. Accessed 10 May 2013. 18 19 Appendix I Aspen Plus...

  9. Development of an ORC system to improve HD truck fuel efficiency |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent CompanyaUSAMP AMDHeavy DutyLow.4.3.100anan

  10. File:08-OR-c - Oregon CPCN Process.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf Jump to: navigation, searchFD-a - FederalTransmission.pdf Jump to:OR-c -

  11. ORC Closed Loop Control Systems for Transient and Steady State Duty Cycles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLC Order No. EA-178-A1ORAU South Campus Facility ORAUORAU|

  12. Comparison of Agricultural Runoff between Organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comparison of Agricultural Runoff between Organic Farming and Conventional Chemical Farming Nicole release #12;Organic Walnuts Filter strips Compost Organic pesticides Cover crops Monitoring of insects

  13. Chemistry of Organic Electronic Materials 6483-Fall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Chemistry of Organic Electronic Materials 6483- Fall Tuesdays organic materials. The discussion will include aspects of synthesis General introduction to the electronic structure of organic materials with connection

  14. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Tutorial Rankine Cycle 1 ENSC 461 Tutorial, Week#10 -Rankine Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    1) How efficiently the energy stored in the coal can be converted into a heat input to the boilerJ/kg. Assuming that 75 percent of this energy is transferred to the steam in the boiler and that the electric generator has an efficiency of 96 percent, determine: a) the overall plant efficiency (the ratio of net

  15. Method of doping organic semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kloc,; Christian Leo (Constance, DE); Ramirez; Arthur Penn (Summit, NJ); So, Woo-Young (New Providence, NJ)

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus has a crystalline organic semiconducting region that includes polyaromatic molecules. A source electrode and a drain electrode of a field-effect transistor are both in contact with the crystalline organic semiconducting region. A gate electrode of the field-effect transistor is located to affect the conductivity of the crystalline organic semiconducting region between the source and drain electrodes. A dielectric layer of a first dielectric that is substantially impermeable to oxygen is in contact with the crystalline organic semiconducting region. The crystalline organic semiconducting region is located between the dielectric layer and a substrate. The gate electrode is located on the dielectric layer. A portion of the crystalline organic semiconducting region is in contact with a second dielectric via an opening in the dielectric layer. A physical interface is located between the second dielectric and the first dielectric.

  16. Digestive System general organization throughout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houde, Peter

    Digestive System general organization throughout: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa digestive glands salivary pancreas liver (lobes: right, left, caudate, quadrate, diaphragmatic surface, bare

  17. Raghu Machiraju Kun Huang Parag Mallick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanaka, Jiro

    Genes with Functional Purpose #12;10 1.3 orc orc cdc6 mcms cdt1 mcms cdt1 cdc6 mcms cdt1 orc cdc6 cdt1 orc cdt1 mcms orc mcms cdc45 orc mcms cdc45 orc cdc45 cdc45 mcms elonga9on Nuclear export Nuclear export

  18. IX. Standards for Student Organizations Standards of all Student Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    1 of 8 IX. Standards for Student Organizations Standards of all Student Organizations As stated to the same standards of conduct to which students are held on an individual basis. Standards for Fraternities on February 25, 1976 - the University has developed the following standards for fraternity/sorority life

  19. Acid Catalysis in Modern Organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Scott A.

    catalyst for organic synthesis". That is the starting sentence of this book by Yamamoto and Ishihara, which follows their earlier book "Lewis Acids in Organic Synthesis (2000)", and covers the new developments book that should be available in every well-equipped chemistry library. It will certainly be helpful

  20. The Anaerobic Digestion of Organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    and commercialization. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of organic municipal solid waste and subsequent biogas and methaneThe Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Municipal Solid Waste in California. Anaerobic Digestion Technology 2.1. Feedstock Characterization 2.2. Collection & Sorting 2.2.1. Waste

  1. Clinical Features: Primordial Dwarfism is charcterized by growth that is profoundly restricted from early in deveopment which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Soma

    -Gorlin Syndrome MOPD I Primordial Dwarfism ATR CENPJ CEP152 NIN CDC6 ORC1 ORC4 RNU4ATAC LARP7 CEP63 PCNT RBBP8 ORC

  2. Surprisal, the PDC, and the primary locus of processing difficulty in relative clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, Roger; Gibson, Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clear for the classic SRC/ORC processing difficultyattacked admitted the error. (ORC) A surfeit of theories—1 Levy and Gibson that the ORC that the senator attacked

  3. Ties of Dependence: AIDS and Transactional Sex in Rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swidler, Ann; Watkins, Susan Cotts

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical Office (NSO) [Malawi], and ORC Macro. 2005.and Health Survey 2004, NSO and ORC Macro, Calverton, MD,National Statistics Office and ORC Macro 2005 for Malawi;

  4. Reactions to Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Rebecca; Bula, Agatha; Chavula, Kondwani; Bignami-Van Assche, Simona; Watkins, Susan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical Office [Malawi], ORC Macro. Malawi DemographicNational Statistical Office and ORC Macro, 2001. Yoder PS,Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro, 2004. Bignami-Van

  5. Mostly digital ADCs for highly-scaled CMOS processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Gerard E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over-Range Correction block (ORC): (a) signal path with thecorrection, (b) details of the ORC block, (c) overflow logicoverload waveform before ORC, (e) example waveform after

  6. FAILURE DATA ANALYSIS OF THE SUPERHILAC RADIO FREQUENCY SUBSYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Mark K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operations Research Center (ORC) for their assistance andto Eduardo Ruiz-Esparza o' ORC for his excellent programmingthe SuperHILAC Accelerator," ORC 77-11, Operations Research

  7. Using Provider Performance Incentives to Increase HIV Testing and Counseling Services in Rwanda.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistique du Rwanda (INSR), ORC Macro. Rwanda Demographicand Health Survey. INSR and ORC Macro: Calverton, Maryland,du Rwanda (INSR) and ORC Macro, 2006). The Government of

  8. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    du Rwanda [INSR] and ORC Macro. 2006. "Rwanda DemographicCalverton, Maryland: INSR and ORC Macro. Isabirye, S. B. andde la Population [Rwanda] and ORC Macro. 1993. "Enquęte

  9. The critical roles of pre-replicative complex (pre-RC) component, Cdc6, in DNA replication and checkpoint response in human cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Eric Kirk

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recognition complex (ORC)………………………………………5 B. Cell division231 Breast cancer cell type ORC Origin Recognition Complexby the timely arrival of the ORC complex proteins that bind

  10. Identification of functional elements and regulatory circuits by Drosophila modENCODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sushmita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    replicates (Reprod). (B) ORC versus TF complexity. Theaxis) and enrichment in ORC binding (y axis). (C) Discoveredorigin recognition complex (ORC), a conserved replication

  11. Labor Productivity and Employment Consequences in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjort, Jonas Krabbe

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethiopia report,” . ECSA, and ORC Macro (2006): EthiopiaStatistical Agency and ORC Macro, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia andviolated norms (ECSA and ORC Macro 2006, p. 244). In recent

  12. Diversity and Change in Cambodian Households (1998-2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demont, Floraine; Heuveline, Patrick

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DHS Comparative Reports n°6, ORC Macro, Calverton, Maryland,for Health [Cambodia], and ORC Macro Phnom Penh : Ministryfor Health [Cambodia], and ORC Macro Phnom Penh : Ministry

  13. Characterization of new roles for the glucanosyltransferase Gas1 and other carbohydrate modifying enzymes in transcriptional silencing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Melissa R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recognition complex (ORC) in transcriptional silencing andA.E. 2004. Dependence of ORC silencing function on NatA-beta-N acetylglucosamine ORC origin recognition complex ORF

  14. Composing crosscutting concerns : a service-oriented view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menarini, Massimiliano; Menarini, Massimiliano

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W. Cook, and J. Misra, “The Orc Programming Language,” inand Denotational Semantics of Orc,” University of Texas atintroduced by Orc operators . 81

  15. Organizational Readiness in Specialty Mental Health Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Alison B.; Cohen, Amy N.; Young, Alexander S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    readiness for change (ORC) measure, and key stake- holders43 clinical staff completed the ORC, and 38 key stakeholdersdeviations (SDs) of the ORC scores are also illuminating in

  16. Health Care Interventions for Gender-based Violence: Formative Research with Primary Care Physicians and Young Married Women in Southern India to Explore Feasibility and Specific Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chibber, Karuna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    study. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro. Koenig, M. A. ,study. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro. Koenig, M. A. ,study. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro. Koenig, M. A. ,

  17. The effect of three hemostatic agents on early bone healing in an animal model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regenerated cellulose (ORC) and microfibrillar collagen (oxide copolymer (AOC) to ORC and MFC versus no hemostaticrabbits. Sufficient AOC, ORC or MFC was applied to achieve

  18. Investigating potential light-duty efficiency improvements through simulation of turbo-compounding and waste-heat recovery systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Briggs, Thomas E [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern diesel engines used in light-duty transportation applications have peak brake thermal efficiencies in the range of 40-42% for high-load operation with substantially lower efficiencies at realistic road-load conditions. Thermodynamic energy and exergy analysis reveals that the largest losses from these engines are due to combustion irreversibility and heat loss to the coolant, through the exhaust, and by direct convection and radiation to the environment. Substantial improvement in overall engine efficiency requires reducing or recovering these losses. Unfortunately, much of the heat transfer either occurs at relatively low temperatures resulting in large entropy generation (such as in the air-charge cooler), is transferred to low-exergy flow streams (such as the oil and engine coolant), or is radiated or convected directly to the environment. While there are significant opportunities for recovery from the exhaust and EGR cooler for heavy-duty applications, achieving similar benefits for light-duty applications is complicated by transient, low-load operation at typical driving conditions and competition with the turbocharger and aftertreatment system for the limited thermal resources. We have developed an organic Rankine cycle model using GT-Suite to investigate the potential for efficiency improvement through waste-heat recovery from the exhaust and EGR cooler of a light-duty diesel engine. The model is used to examine the effects of efficiency-improvement strategies such as cylinder deactivation, use of advanced materials and improved insulation to limit ambient heat loss, and turbo-compounding on the steady-state performance of the ORC system and the availability of thermal energy for downstream aftertreatment systems. Results from transient drive-cycle simulations are also presented, and we discuss strategies to address operational difficulties associated with transient drive cycles and balancing the thermal requirements of waste-heat recovery, turbocharging or turbo-compounding, and exhaust aftertreatment.

  19. Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander for Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle Waste Heat-to-Power in Small Scale Industry Using Scroll Expander for Organic...

  20. Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Hund, Gretchen

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear facilities, nuclear black markets, periodic nuclear tests, and a resurgence of interest by countries worldwide in developing nuclear capabilities. The security environment will likely continue to evolve in unexpected ways since most of the proliferation threats with which the world will be forced to contend remain unforeseen. To better prepare for and respond to this evolving security environment, many nonproliferation organizations are interested in finding new or better ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations. Of course, all organizations, whether they are market driven or non-profit, must operate effectively and efficiently if they are to succeed. Indeed, as this study demonstrates, many of the management principles that this study recommends can help all organizations succeed. However, this study pays particular attention to nonproliferation organizations because of the mission they are responsible for fulfilling. Nonproliferation organizations, including nonproliferation programs that operate within a larger national security organization, are responsible for reducing the threat of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. These organizations have an enduring mandate from the public and the international community not to fail in the completion of their mission for failure could have detrimental impacts on international security, public health and the environment. Moreover, the public expects nonproliferation organizations and programs to fulfill their mission, even when resources are limited. They are expected to anticipate and react quickly to prevent a potential threat while staying accountable to their public stakeholders, many of whom remain unaware of the very threats the organization is trying to address. When budgets are flush, it is easy to believe that money will solve all problems; but during times of economic hardship, managers must rely on creative and cost-effective management approaches to implement their missions. Fortunately, managers of nonproliferation organizations can draw on a wealth of research on organizational design and culture to help them identify the management strategies most appropriate for them. Such research can help nonproliferation managers think about their own organizational structures and cultures and adapt accepted management principles to their unique organizational mission. This analytical process is not straight forward, as some managers may find themselves taking risks that others might not take, such as making ostensibly risky investments for the common good, or supporting creative thinking to help mission accomplishment. Some management principles that are relatively straightforward for other organizations may be difficult to envision and implement in a nonproliferation organization. Therefore, the goal of this study is to help nonproliferation managers identify management principles that can be implemented in a nonproliferation organization and, in the process, help maximize the value of the organization's products and effectiveness of its mission.

  1. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZING John Priscu (Chair)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, Diana

    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZING COMMITTEE John Priscu (Chair) Montana State University, USA Nina Gunde, USA Laurie Connell University of Maine, USA Hugh Ducklow MBL- Woods Hole, USA Beat Frey Swiss Federal

  2. Seebeck coefficient in organic semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkateshvaran, Deepak

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seebeck coefficient in organic semiconductors A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Deepak Venkateshvaran Fitzwilliam College & Optoelectronics Group, Cavendish Laboratory University of Cambridge February 2014 “The end...

  3. Engineering Organization Chart Assistant Dean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Engineering Organization Chart Fall `12 Assistant Dean Outreach & Recruiting Matthew Cavalli and Geological Engineering Joseph Hartman Chair, Petroleum Engineering Steve Benson Chair, Electrical Engineering Forrest Ames (interim) Chair, Mechanical Engineering Matthew Cavalli Chair, Chemical Engineering Mike Mann

  4. Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Large-scale synthesis of inorganic and organic nanomaterials (single-crystalline nanowires and functionalized conducting polymer thin films) together with strategies for large-scale assembly are discussed

  5. Reducing recombination in organic photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Jason M. (Jason Michael)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I consider two methods to improve organic photovoltaic efficiency: energy level cascades and promotion of triplet state excitons. The former relies on a thin layer of material placed between the active ...

  6. Three Essays on Industrial Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yang Seung

    2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation discusses issues in the field of industrial organization. When the government provides better infrastructure to competing firms for innovation, private firms' R&D expenditures are affected. When the ...

  7. Ambient-pressure organic superconductor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, Jack M. (Downers Grove, IL); Wang, Hsien-Hau (Willowbrook, IL); Beno, Mark A. (Woodridge, IL)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new class of organic superconductors having the formula (ET).sub.2 MX.sub.2 wherein ET represents bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene, M is a metal such as Au, Ag, In, Tl, Rb, Pd and the like and X is a halide. The superconductor (ET).sub.2 AuI.sub.2 exhibits a transition temperature of 5 K which is high for organic superconductors.

  8. Generation of Organic Radicals During Photocatalytic Reactions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Generation of Organic Radicals During Photocatalytic Reactions on TiO2. Generation of Organic Radicals During Photocatalytic Reactions on TiO2. Abstract: Using a variety of organic...

  9. Testing of the Sunstove Organization`s Sunstove Solar Oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, T.A.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Sunstove Organization`s Sunstove was tested at Sandia`s Solar Thermal Test Facility. It was instrumented with five type K thermocouples to determine warm-up rates when empty and when a pot containing two liters of water was placed inside. It reached inside air temperatures above 115{degrees}C (240{degrees}F). It heated two liters of water from room temperature to 80{degrees}C (175{degrees}F) in about two hours. Observations were made on the cooling and reheating rates during a cloud passage. The adverse effects of wind on the operation of the solar oven were also noted.

  10. Inorganic-organic hybrid aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schubert, U.; Schwertfeger, F.; Huesing, N.; Seyfried, E. [Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische Chemie

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Organically modified silica aerogels were prepared by NH{sub 4}OH-catalyzed hydrolysis and condensation of RSi(OMe){sub 3} / Si(OMe){sub 4} mixtures, followed by supercritical drying of the alcogels with methanol or CO{sub 2}. Terminal alkyl or aryl groups, bridging groups or functional organic (methacryloxypropyl or glycidoxypropyl) groups were employed for R. By the proper choice of the organic groups, the RSi(OMe){sub 3} / Si(OMe){sub 4} ratio and the drying conditions, hydrophobic aerogels, being insensitive towards moisture, were obtained with no residual SiOH or Si-OMe groups left. The transparency and porosity of the organically modified aerogels was only slightly diminished relative to unmodified silica aerogels. The elastic constant of the aerogels was significantly influenced by the kind of organic groups. By pyrolysis of the phenyl-substituted aerogels, nanometer-sized carbon structures were generated. They partly coat the primary aerogel particles and provide a very high mass specific extinction in the wavelengths interval critical for thermal radiative transport.

  11. Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization (TaTEDO) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization (TaTEDO)...

  12. Molecular Characterization of Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds in Biomass Burning Aerosols Using High Resolution Mass Molecular Characterization of Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds in Biomass Burning...

  13. Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Wednesday, 26 July 2006 00:00 Silicon-based transistors are well-understood,...

  14. Organic Photovoltaics Experiments Showcase 'Superfacility' Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organic Photovoltaics Experiments Showcase 'Superfacility' Concept Organic Photovoltaics Experiments Showcase 'Superfacility' Concept Collaboration Key to Enabling On-The-Fly HPC...

  15. Risk and aversion in the integrated assessment of climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crost, Benjamin; Traeger, Christian P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the atmosphere F ? +?? = ? f orc M ? +?? ln M preind ln 2 +B. The temperature equation is T ? +?? = (1 ? ? f orc )T ?+ ? f orc F ? +?? ? ? ocean ?T ? . where ? f orc = 3.2%

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - acetyltransferase mutants identifies Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    histone acetyltransferase implicated in the regulation of transcriptional silencing, and ORC is the six... the temperature sensitivity of the ORC mutants orc2-1 and orc5-1....

  17. Organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizing I/O performance on the LustreExcitonic

  18. Updated July 2009 Operations Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    All-Hands, Brown Bags, and COO Open-Door sessions Ongoing Conduct Operations Employee Climate SurveysOperations Strategic Plan Updated July 2009 #12;Operations Organization Chief Operating Officer deliver exceptional operational services in support of the scientific mission of Berkeley Lab. goals

  19. Method of doping organic semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kloc, Christian Leo (Constance, DE); Ramirez, Arthur Penn (Summit, NJ); So, Woo-Young (New Providence, NJ)

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A method includes the steps of forming a contiguous semiconducting region and heating the region. The semiconducting region includes polyaromatic molecules. The heating raises the semiconducting region to a temperature above room temperature. The heating is performed in the presence of a dopant gas and the absence of light to form a doped organic semiconducting region.

  20. Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    Module lecturers Prof Andy Clarkson, Dr Bill Brocklesby Contact (email ID) wac@orc.soton.ac.uk, wsb@orc

  1. Megahertz organic/polymer diodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Katz, Howard Edan; Sun, Jia; Pal, Nath Bhola

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Featured is an organic/polymer diode having a first layer composed essentially of one of an organic semiconductor material or a polymeric semiconductor material and a second layer formed on the first layer and being electrically coupled to the first layer such that current flows through the layers in one direction when a voltage is applied in one direction. The second layer is essentially composed of a material whose characteristics and properties are such that when formed on the first layer, the diode is capable of high frequency rectifications on the order of megahertz rectifications such as for example rectifications at one of above 100KHz, 500KhZ, IMHz, or 10 MHz. In further embodiments, the layers are arranged so as to be exposed to atmosphere.

  2. Organic Chemistry 51B -Winter 2013 Organic Chemistry Peer Tutoring Program Chemistry 51B Reactions List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Organic Chemistry 51B - Winter 2013 Organic Chemistry Peer Tutoring Program Chemistry 51B Reactions(s). Chapter 7: Nucleophilic Substitution + + NaOH CH3O- #12;Organic Chemistry 51B - Winter 2013 Organic Chemistry Peer Tutoring Program Chapter 8: Elimination Reactions #12;Organic Chemistry 51B - Winter 2013

  3. Insect Controls for Organic Gardeners.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Kenneth R.; Turney, H.A.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gardening has increased in recent years. Organic gardening means enriching the garden soil with natural products (mulches, composts and animal manures) and controlling insects, diseases and weeds with cultural, mechanical and biological methods rather... damage. However, excessive amounts of compost or manure can encourage millipedes, white grubs and certain other pests. Changes in planting or harvesting time often will reduce plant damage or keep insect pests separated from susceptible stages...

  4. Organic fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty, Michigan:OregonTransmissionHeader.png Roadmap AgencyOrford,Organic

  5. Preparation of hydrophobic organic aeorgels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baumann, Theodore F. (Tracy, CA); Satcher, Jr., Joe H. (Patterson, CA); Gash, Alexander E. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthetic methods for the preparation of hydrophobic organics aerogels. One method involves the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3-dimethoxybenzene or 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene with formaldehyde in non-aqueous solvents. Using a procedure analogous to the preparation of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aerogels, this approach generates wet gels that can be dried using either supercritical solvent extraction to generate the new organic aerogels or air dried to produce an xerogel. Other methods involve the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3,5 trihydroxy benzene (phloroglucinol) or 1,3 dihydroxy benzene (resorcinol) and various aldehydes in non-aqueous solvents. These methods use a procedure analogous to the one-step base and two-step base/acid catalyzed polycondensation of phloroglucinol and formaldehyde, but the base catalyst used is triethylamine. These methods can be applied to a variety of other sol-gel precursors and solvent systems. These hydrophobic organics aerogels have numerous application potentials in the field of material absorbers and water-proof insulation.

  6. Preparation of hydrophobic organic aeorgels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baumann, Theodore F.; Satcher Jr., Joe H.; Gash, Alexander E.

    2004-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthetic methods for the preparation of hydrophobic organics aerogels. One method involves the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3-dimethoxybenzene or 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene with formaldehyde in non-aqueous solvents. Using a procedure analogous to the preparation of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aerogels, this approach generates wet gels that can be dried using either supercritical solvent extraction to generate the new organic aerogels or air dried to produce an xerogel. Other methods involve the sol-gel polymerization of 1,3,5 trihydroxy benzene (phloroglucinol) or 1,3 dihydroxy benzene (resorcinol) and various aldehydes in non-aqueous solvents. These methods use a procedure analogous to the one-step base and two-step base/acid catalyzed polycondensation of phloroglucinol and formaldehyde, but the base catalyst used is triethylamine. These methods can be applied to a variety of other sol-gel precursors and solvent systems. These hydrophobic organics aerogels have numerous application potentials in the field of material absorbers and water-proof insulation.

  7. Cell, Vol. 87, 287296, October 18, 1996, Copyright 1996 by Cell Press Interaction between the Origin Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blow, J. Julian

    . Chong,* of the ORC genes has provided evidence that ORC plays an essential role in DNA replication in the ORC2 and ORC5and J. Julian Blow* genes are unable to maintain ARS­containing plasmids*Imperial Cancer Research Fund tion at ARS elements in cells carrying defective ORC2Lincoln's Inn Fields and ORC5 (Fox et al

  8. 944 VOLUME 20 NUMBER 8 AUGUST 2013 nature structural & molecular biology a rt i c l e s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    division cycle1,2. The yeast origin recognition complex (ORC), which comprises Orc proteins 1 with the ORC to load hexameric MCM2-7, which comprises minichromosome maintenance (Mcm) proteins 2-resolution EM structures of ORC from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ScORC) and Drosophila melanogaster (DmORC) have

  9. Nucleic Acids Research doi:10.1093/nar/gkn465

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bi, Xin

    is a histone acetyltransferase implicated in the regulation of transcriptional silencing, and ORC is the six the temperature sensitivity of the ORC mutants orc2-1 and orc5-1. Moreover, sas2D and orc2-1 have a synthetic and orc5-1 have a synthetic effect on transcriptional silencing at the HMR locus. Moreover, we demon

  10. Conjugated Polymer Design and Engineering for Organic Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Claire Hoi Kar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    organic photovoltaics (OPVs), with reported efficiencies asseparation efficiency in organic photovoltaics. 15CI, a

  11. Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolokolnikov, Theodore

    Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

  12. Rational design of hybrid organic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lentz, Levi (Levi Carl)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we will present a novel design for a nano-structured organic-inorganic hybrid photovoltaic material that will address current challenges in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic-based solar cell materials. ...

  13. STRUCTURAL CHANGE AND LEARNING WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Change and Learning Within Organizations". In Dynamics of organizational societies : Models, theories to organizational learning. This approach defines learning, culture, structure and behavior at the individual and organizational level. When organizations, as synthetic agents learn important organizational behaviors emerge

  14. Collaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , conservation groups, etc., referred to in this paper as BOs (Biodiversity-domain OrganizationsCollaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations Ekaterina Ermilova, Hamideh, operating in the domains of biology, ecology, and biodiversity, strongly need to cooperate

  15. Land Application of Organic Fertilizers or Amendments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmel, Daren; Mechell, Justin; Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying organic materials to your land can add beneficial nutrients to the soil. But when too much is applied, or when it is applied incorrectly, organic material can cause environmental problems. This publication will help you select the proper...

  16. Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    incentive ($/W) wind turbine waste heat to power pressurewind turbines, fuel cells, organic rankine cycle/waste heat capture, pressure reduction turbines, advanced energy storage, and combined heat and power

  17. CX-002111: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination Optimization of Hybrid-WaterAir-Cooled Condenser In an Enhanced Turbine Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle System CX(s) Applied: B3.6, A9 Date: 05052010...

  18. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Seventh Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 30 -February 1, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    : Organic Rankine Cycle) with maximal installed net capacity of 1.5MWe (Figure 1). Several deep geothermal wells penetrated a hidden fractured granite located in this Tertiary graben. For the sub

  19. Low Level Heat Recovery Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, W. J.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    level heat recovery technology. This paper discusses heat distribution systems, latest developments in absorption refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles, and pressure, minimization possibilities. The relative merits and economics of the various...

  20. Volatile organic compound sensor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schabron, John F. (Laramie, WY); Rovani, Jr., Joseph F. (Laramie, WY); Bomstad, Theresa M. (Waxahachie, TX); Sorini-Wong, Susan S. (Laramie, WY); Wong, Gregory K. (Laramie, WY)

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generally, this invention relates to the development of field monitoring methodology for new substances and sensing chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and terrorist substances. It also relates to a portable test kit which may be utilized to measure concentrations of halogenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the field. Specifically it relates to systems for reliably field sensing the potential presence of such items while also distinguishing them from other elements potentially present. It also relates to overall systems and processes for sensing, reacting, and responding to an indicated presence of such substance, including modifications of existing halogenated sensors and arrayed sensing systems and methods.

  1. Embedding Sustainability into Manufacturing Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tutterow, V.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (14). G4, the latest version of the guidelines, was published in May 2013. An effort is underway to “harmonize” the reporting process for the CDP and GRI (7), which should ease the burden for companies reporting to both organizations. Table 1 lists... to the 2013 Global Corporate Sustainability Report from the United Nations Global Compact, company size is the most telling indicator of whether a company is pursuing sustainability (48). The report is based on survey results from over 1,700 of the 8...

  2. Our Organization | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat CornellInternships,(SC)Organization Ames Laboratory is a

  3. Our Organization | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartmentEnergy General Law (GC-56)The4 InOur Organization

  4. DOE-ID Organization Chart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganizationElectronic Reading Room Documents Freedom ofLast

  5. Department of Energy Idaho - Organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice ofINLNuclear262 2.272Organization Chart Last

  6. PlanforSustainable OrganicGrowth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's infrastructure and productive capacity to create a self sustaining organic farm and a world leading educational

  7. FAA Air Traffic Organization Safety Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presenter: Mark DeNicuolo, Manager Performance and Analyses Air Traffic Organization Safety and Technical Training Federal Aviation Administration

  8. CHEMISTRY 324W Fall 2010 ORGANIC LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Diane

    1 CHEMISTRY 324W Fall 2010 ORGANIC LABORATORY Lecture: ...................Monday and Friday 2 book for over 10,000 important organic substances. It has a handy cross index and molecular formula.) Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure by March (McGraw-Hill) is particularly

  9. Student Organization Handbook Office of Student Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    Student Organization Handbook Office of Student Activities Mattin Center, Suite 131 Updated November 2014 #12;StudentOrganizationHandbook 2 Welcome to Student Activities You have made a fantastic choice to get involved on campus! Johns Hopkins has over 300 student-run organizations, each one

  10. Quantitative organic vapor-particle sampler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gundel, Lara (Berkeley, CA); Daisey, Joan M. (Walnut Creek, CA); Stevens, Robert K. (Cary, NC)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quantitative organic vapor-particle sampler for sampling semi-volatile organic gases and particulate components. A semi-volatile organic reversible gas sorbent macroreticular resin agglomerates of randomly packed microspheres with the continuous porous structure of particles ranging in size between 0.05-10 .mu.m for use in an integrated diffusion vapor-particle sampler.

  11. Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets Erin T. Mansur and Matthew W. White October 2007 ­ Draft Abstract Electricity markets exhibit two different forms of organization costs. Our analysis points to the merits of organized market institutions for electricity, a central

  12. Low band gap polymers Organic Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low band gap polymers for Organic Photovoltaics Eva Bundgaard Ph.D. Dissertation Risř National Bundgaard Title: Low band gap polymers for Organic photovoltaics Department: The polymer department Report the area of organic photovoltaics are focusing on low band gap polymers, a type of polymer which absorbs

  13. Chemistry 675 (CHE 675) Advanced Organic Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Chemistry 675 (CHE 675) Advanced Organic Chemistry Fall Semester 2011 Professor James Hougland675 is a graduate-level organic chemistry course that can be continued in the Spring semester as CHE685. These two courses focus on physical organic chemistry, which deals with the structure

  14. Self-Organization Nano-Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    Self-Organization for Nano-Computation and Nano-Assembly Bruce J. MacLennan Dept. of Computer Science University of Tennessee, Knoxville #12;6 March 2007 Self-Organization for Nano- Computation & Nano, or ­ inspired by that occurring in nature formal material #12;6 March 2007 Self-Organization for Nano

  15. 5, 11391174, 2008 Organic carbon and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    BGD 5, 1139­1174, 2008 Organic carbon and nutrient export from disturbed peatlands S. Waldron et al of Biogeosciences The significance of organic carbon and nutrient export from peatland-dominated landscapes subject Union. 1139 #12;BGD 5, 1139­1174, 2008 Organic carbon and nutrient export from disturbed peatlands S

  16. Heavy metals in Antarctic organisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreno, J.E.A. de; Moreno, V.J. [Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (Argentina); Gerpe, M.S.; Vodopivez, C. [Instituto Antartico Argentino, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To evaluate levels of essential (zinc and copper) and non-essential (mercury and cadmium) heavy metals, 34 species of organisms from different areas close to the Antarctic Peninsula were analysed. These included algae, filter-feeders, omnivorous invertebrates and vertebrates. Mercury was not detected, while cadmium was found in the majority of organisms analysed (detection limit was 0.05 ppm for both metals). The highest cadmium concentration was observed in the starfish Odontaster validus. Anthozoans, sipunculids and nudibranchs showed maximum levels of zinc, while the highest copper level was found in the gastropod Trophon brevispira. Mercury and cadmium levels in fishes were below the detection limit. Concentrations of essential and non-essential metals in birds were highest in liver followed by muscle and eggs. Cadmium and mercury levels in muscle of southern elephant seals were above the detection limit, whereas in Antarctic fur seals they were below it. The objective of the study was to gather baseline information for metals in Antarctic Ocean biota that may be needed to detect, measure and monitor future environmental changes. 46 refs., 7 figs., 8 tabs.

  17. Chemistry 685 (CHE 685) Advanced Organic Chemistry: Organic Reaction Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Chemistry 685 (CHE 685) Advanced Organic Chemistry: Organic Reaction Mechanisms and Molecular and physical chemistry Course description and rationale CHE685 is a graduate-level organic chemistry course. These two courses focus on physical organic chemistry, which deals with the structure and reactivity

  18. Volatile organic compound sensing devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lancaster, G.D.; Moore, G.A.; Stone, M.L.; Reagen, W.K.

    1995-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs. 15 figs.

  19. Volatile organic compound sensing devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lancaster, Gregory D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Moore, Glenn A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stone, Mark L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Reagen, William K. (Stillwater, MN)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs.

  20. Supporting Information Moissiard et al. 10.1073/pnas.1406611111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Steve

    Supporting Information Moissiard et al. 10.1073/pnas.1406611111 FLAG rbcL B atmorc6-1 - AtM ORC6 -FLAG cm t3 - cmt3/ atmorc1-3 GFP C FLAG Input Flowthrough Elution AtM ORC1 -FLAG wild-type 200 400 600MORC5 atm orc2-1 atm orc1-2 FLAG-AtM ORC2 atm orc1-2/atm orc2-1 atm orc1-2/atm orc2-1 w ild-type atm orc

  1. Structure-Function Relationships in Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavulak, David Fredric Joel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    properties for organic photovoltaics (OPVs). Space-chargePolymers for Organic Photovoltaics By David Fredric JoelPolymers for Organic Photovoltaics by David Fredric Joel

  2. Metal-doped organic foam

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rinde, James A. (Livermore, CA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic foams having a low density and very small cell size and method for producing same in either a metal-loaded or unloaded (nonmetal loaded) form are described. Metal-doped foams are produced by soaking a polymer gel in an aqueous solution of desired metal salt, soaking the gel successively in a solvent series of decreasing polarity to remove water from the gel and replace it with a solvent of lower polarity with each successive solvent in the series being miscible with the solvents on each side and being saturated with the desired metal salt, and removing the last of the solvents from the gel to produce the desired metal-doped foam having desired density cell size, and metal loading. The unloaded or metal-doped foams can be utilized in a variety of applications requiring low density, small cell size foam. For example, rubidium-doped foam made in accordance with the invention has utility in special applications, such as in x-ray lasers.

  3. Optical modeling of organic electronic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celebi, Kemal

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic materials, with their superior photoluminescence and absorbance properties have revolutionized the technologies for displays and solar energy conversion. Due to the large transition dipoles, the localization of ...

  4. Participants and Information Outcomes in Planning Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierling, David

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................................... 51 2.6 Planning Organizations .......................................................................... 54 ix 2.6.1 Organizational tasks and information behavior............................... 55 2.6.2 Environmental scanning, boundary spanning...

  5. Magnetism in metal-organic capsules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwood, Jerry L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum Spin Chains in Magnetism: Molecules to Materials, J.Magnetism in metal-organic capsules Jerry L. Atwood,* a Euan

  6. Fabrication and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yengel, Emre

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self?organization Photodiodes,  and  Photovoltaic  Cells.   Applied Physics F,  Heeger  AJ.   Polymer  Photovoltaic  Cells  ?  Enhanced 

  7. LANL named 2010 top corporate volunteer organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    volunteer organization The Laboratory ranked ahead of dozens of other qualifying companies with 10,000 or more employees. May 18, 2011 Building and painting birdhouses with...

  8. National Hispanic engineering organization names Sandia manager...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hispanic engineering organization names Sandia manager Engineer of the Year | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing...

  9. Fabrication and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yengel, Emre

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaics can reach tophotovoltaics increase not only the power conversion efficiencycell efficiency tables (Version 27). Prog Photovoltaics.

  10. Lafayette Metropolitan Planning Organization 2030 Transportation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lafayette Metropolitan Planning Organization

    2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    And Development Lafayette Metropolitan Planning Organization 2030 Transportation Plan DRAFT FINAL REPORT Prepared by Neel-Schaffer, Inc... ? 2020 DEFICIENCIES ........................................................................................... 51 FIGURE 11 ? 2030 DEFICIENCIES ........................................................................................... 52 FIGURE 12...

  11. DOE Issues Energy Sector Cyber Organization NOI

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sector stakeholders to protect the bulk power electric grid and aid the integration of smart grid technology to enhance the security of the grid. The cyber organization is...

  12. Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Probing Organic Transistors with Infrared Beams Print Silicon-based transistors are well-understood, basic components of contemporary electronic technology. In contrast, there is...

  13. Nonequilibrium Atmospheric Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Formation and Growth. Abstract: Airborne particles play a critical role in air quality, human health effects, visibility and climate. Secondary organic aerosols (SOA)...

  14. International energy: Research organizations, 1986--1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendricks, P.; Jordan, S. (eds.) (USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Energy: Research Organizations publication contains the standardized names of energy research organizations used in energy information databases. Involved in this cooperative task are (1) the technical staff of the USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) in cooperation with the member countries of the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) and (2) the International Nuclear Information System (INIS). This publication identifies current organizations doing research in all energy fields, standardizes the format for recording these organization names in bibliographic citations, assigns a numeric code to facilitate data entry, and identifies report number prefixes assigned by these organizations. These research organization names may be used in searching the databases Energy Science Technology'' on DIALOG and Energy'' on STN International. These organization names are also used in USDOE databases on the Integrated Technical Information System. Research organizations active in the past five years, as indicated by database records, were identified to form this publication. This directory includes approximately 34,000 organizations that reported energy-related literature from 1986 to 1990 and updates the DOE Energy Data Base: Corporate Author Entries.

  15. Barney Bricmont, Founder, California Certified Organic Farmers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    organic food group up in Sebastopol, was meeting and doingkept it going here. Once Sebastopol got in, then we went to

  16. Method for catalytic destruction of organic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sealock, Jr., L. John (Richland, WA); Baker, Eddie G. (Richland, WA); Elliott, Douglas C. (Richland, WA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is disclosed for converting waste organic materials into an innocuous product gas. The method comprises maintaining, in a pressure vessel, in the absence of oxygen, at a temperature of 250.degree. C. to 500.degree. C. and a pressure of at least 50 atmospheres, a fluid organic waste material, water, and a catalyst consisting essentially of reduced nickel in an amount sufficient to catalyze a reaction of the organic waste material to produce an innocuous product gas composed primarily of methane and carbon dioxide. The methane in the product gas may be burned to preheat the organic materials.

  17. Method for catalytic destruction of organic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Baker, E.G.; Elliott, D.C.

    1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is disclosed for converting waste organic materials into an innocuous product gas. The method comprises maintaining, in a pressure vessel, in the absence of oxygen, at a temperature of 250 to 500 C and a pressure of at least 50 atmospheres, a fluid organic waste material, water, and a catalyst consisting essentially of reduced nickel in an amount sufficient to catalyze a reaction of the organic waste material to produce an innocuous product gas composed primarily of methane and carbon dioxide. The methane in the product gas may be burned to preheat the organic materials. 7 figs.

  18. Molecular Designs Toward Improving Organic Photovoltaics.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nantalaksakul, Arpornrat

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) that have been studied to date have poor power conversion efficiencies. This dissertation focuses on various molecular designs that could lead to… (more)

  19. Theoretical investigations of the electronic processes in organic photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yost, Shane Robert

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of more efficient organic photovoltaics starts with an increase in understanding of the fundamental processes related to organic photovoltaics, such as the charge separation processes at the organic/organic ...

  20. GEOL 482/582 Coal/Organic Petrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nickrent, Daniel L.

    , hydrocarbons (oil/gas), oil shales, and dispersed organics. · To be able to recognize organic components under

  1. Changed climate : networking, professionalization, and grassroots organizing in U.S. environmental organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh Towery, Nathaniel S. (Nathaniel Stephen)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My dissertation, "Changed Climate: Networking, Professionalization, and Grassroots Organizing in U.S Environmental Organizations," explores the efforts of four established U.S. environmental NGOs to change their organizational ...

  2. Chemistry 320N Organic Chemistry II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemistry 320N Organic Chemistry II for Prehealth Professionals Unique number: 52365 Spring 2013 M students can access the information. #12;Required Text: Brown, Foote, Iverson, & Anslyn Organic Chemistry have the 6th Edition book, as many homework and exam questions will come directly from the 6th Edition

  3. Carbon Allocation in Underground Storage Organs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon Allocation in Underground Storage Organs Studies on Accumulation of Starch, Sugars and Oil Cover: Starch granules in cells of fresh potato tuber visualised by iodine staining. #12;Carbon By increasing knowledge of carbon allocation in underground storage organs and using the knowledge to improve

  4. Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Kurt Richter Agricultural Issues Center University of California March 2011 #12;Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Extension Specialist Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

  5. Brain Organization and Computation Andreas Schierwagen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierwagen, Andreas

    Brain Organization and Computation Andreas Schierwagen Institute for Computer Science, Intelligent://www.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/~schierwa Abstract. Theories of how the brain computes can be differentiated in three general conceptions systems approach. The discussion of key features of brain organization (i.e. structure with function

  6. Frustrated Organic Solids Display Unexpected Gas Sorption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thallapally, Praveen K.; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Atwood, Jerry L.

    2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Calixarene based organic solid can hold guests such as toluene and other organic molecules we have discovered a new type of material which believe involves a frustration of the solvate lattice as it moves toward the thermodynamically stable desolvated state. The intermediated phase with partial solvent content unexpectedly sorbs gases such as carbon dioxide and highly explosive acetylene deep inside the crystal lattice.

  7. Evaluation of Radiation Resistance for Organic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    of colors Creation of UV-resistant plants Fibrous adsorbent for metals Biodegradable plastics Decomposition) -Gas evolution Modification Degradation Scheme of interaction between organic materials and radiation-015 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Degradation of organic materials is accelerated at high temperature. O O C O n C C F F F F

  8. Conversion of organic solids to hydrocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greenbaum, Elias (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of converting organic solids to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons includes impregnating an organic solid with photosensitizing ions and exposing the impregnated solid to light in a non-oxidizing atmosphere for a time sufficient to photocatalytically reduce the solid to at least one of a liquid and a gaseous hydrocarbon.

  9. Conversion of organic solids to hydrocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greenbaum, E.

    1995-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of converting organic solids to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons includes impregnating an organic solid with photosensitizing ions and exposing the impregnated solid to light in a non-oxidizing atmosphere for a time sufficient to photocatalytically reduce the solid to at least one of a liquid and a gaseous hydrocarbon. 5 Figs.

  10. Apparatus and method for oxidizing organic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Surma, J.E.; Bryan, G.H.; Geeting, J.G.H.; Butner, R.S.

    1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a method and apparatus using high cerium concentration in the anolyte of an electrochemical cell to oxidize organic materials. The method and apparatus further use an ultrasonic mixer to enhance the oxidation rate of the organic material in the electrochemical cell. 6 figs.

  11. 5, 35953620, 2005 Detection of organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 5, 3595­3620, 2005 Detection of organic fraction using the UFO-TDMA P. Vaattovaara et al of organic fraction using the UFO-TDMA P. Vaattovaara et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions) and the lower end of Aitken mode particles (d50 nm) is still insufficient. In this work, we have applied the UFO

  12. Formal Transition in Agent Organizations Eric Matson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deloach, Scott A.

    , the company's management must understand the methodology and process of transition, or more generally termedFormal Transition in Agent Organizations Eric Matson Department of Computer Science and Engineering define organization transition. Specifically, we describe a formal process of organi- zation transition

  13. Adapting to contradiction : competing models of organization in the United States organic foods industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haedicke, Michael Anthony

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    foods that many industry members felt were not compatible with organic agriculture, including ingredients made from genetically modified plants, irradiation

  14. Storing data encoded DNA in living organisms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong; Pak C. (Richland, WA), Wong; Kwong K. (Sugar Land, TX), Foote; Harlan P. (Richland, WA)

    2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Current technologies allow the generation of artificial DNA molecules and/or the ability to alter the DNA sequences of existing DNA molecules. With a careful coding scheme and arrangement, it is possible to encode important information as an artificial DNA strand and store it in a living host safely and permanently. This inventive technology can be used to identify origins and protect R&D investments. It can also be used in environmental research to track generations of organisms and observe the ecological impact of pollutants. Today, there are microorganisms that can survive under extreme conditions. As well, it is advantageous to consider multicellular organisms as hosts for stored information. These living organisms can provide as memory housing and protection for stored data or information. The present invention provides well for data storage in a living organism wherein at least one DNA sequence is encoded to represent data and incorporated into a living organism.

  15. Adsorption -capacity data for 283 organic compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaws, C.L.; Bu, L.; Nijhawan, S. [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adsorption on activated carbon is a widely used method for removing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from gases and other exhaust streams. This article presents a compilation of adsorption-capacity data as a function of the VOC concentration in the gas. The results are useful in engineering and environmental studies, and in the design of carbon-based adsorption systems to remove unwanted organic pollutants from gases. For vapor control, carbon-based systems typically combine a carbon-adsorption unit with a secondary control method to reclaim or destroy the vapors desorbed during carbon-bed regeneration. To remove organics dissolved in wastewater, air stripping is typically used to transfer the organics to a vapor stream. Carbon adsorption is then used to separate the organics from the stripper exhaust. Collected vapors can be recovered for reuse or destroyed, depending on their value.

  16. Thermal treatment of organic radioactive waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrubasik, A.; Stich, W. [NUKEM GmbH, Alzenau (Germany)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The organic radioactive waste which is generated in nuclear and isotope facilities (power plants, research centers and other) must be treated in order to achieve a waste form suitable for long term storage and disposal. Therefore the resulting waste treatment products should be stable under influence of temperature, time, radioactivity, chemical and biological activity. Another reason for the treatment of organic waste is the volume reduction with respect to the storage costs. For different kinds of waste, different treatment technologies have been developed and some are now used in industrial scale. The paper gives process descriptions for the treatment of solid organic radioactive waste of low beta/gamma activity and alpha-contaminated solid organic radioactive waste, and the pyrolysis of organic radioactive waste.

  17. A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolokolnikov, Theodore

    A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture S. Adl a, , D. Iron b , T. Kolokolnikov b a Department of Biology, Dalhousie Fungal spores Organic agriculture Pathogen dispersal Conventional agriculture uses herbicides, pesticides

  18. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar Rankine thermodynamics matches Californiaconsidered, using average California solar insolation dataelectricity. Solar Rankine thermodynamics matches California

  19. RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

    2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred during the award period. The RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project, under development by the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), is comprised of a series of full-scale demonstration projects that will showcase innovative combinations of primary and secondary generation systems using methane gas derived from local processing of biosolids, dairy manure and other organic material. The goal of the project is to create renewable energy-based generation systems with energy efficiencies 65% or more. The project was constructed at the 15 MGD Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 5 located in the City of Chino in California where the Agency has constructed its new energy-efficient (platinum-LEED rating) headquarters building. Technologies that were featured in the project include internal combustion engines (ICE), absorption chillers, treatment plant secondary effluent cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal energy storage (TES), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation system, the integration of a future fuel cell system, gas cleaning requirements, and other state-of-the-art design combinations. The RP-5 REEP biogas source is coming from three manure digesters which are located within the RP-5 Complex and are joined with the RP-5 REEP through gas conveyance pipelines. Food waste is being injected into the manure digesters for digester gas production enhancement. The RP-5 REEP clearly demonstrates the biogas production and power generation viability, specifically when dealing with renewable and variable heating value (Btu) fuel. The RP-5 REEP was challenged with meeting stringent utility, gas, power, and air quality rules and regulations. Coordination with the Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), Southern California Edison (SCE), and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) was continuous and extensive. The interconnecting agreement and the permit to construct and operate were major obstacles despite the early start and coordination with the utility companies and regulatory agencies. The RP-5 REEP is part of a unique RP-5 Complex approach where several facilities are tied and connected with each other; where energy and gas can be transferred from one facility to another (see attached RP-5 Complex Ultimate Energy Balance Diagram). The REEP also incorporated new technologies, such as TES and ORC, along with using heat recovery for the platinum-LEED headquarter buildings heating and cooling via efficient absorption chillers. Through the conceptual design phase, numerous innovative technologies were researched and evaluated, with the most proven and efficient selected to be part of the RP-5 REEP.

  20. Understanding Degradation Pathways in Organic Photovoltaics (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, M. T.; Olson, D. C.; Garcia, A.; Kauvar, I.; Kopidakis, N.; Reese, M. O.; Berry, J. J.; Ginley, D. S.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs) recently attained power conversion efficiencies that are of interest for commercial production. Consequently, one of the most important unsolved issues facing a new industry is understanding what governs lifetime in organic devices and discovering solutions to mitigate degradation mechanisms. Historically, the active organic components are considered vulnerable to photo-oxidation and represent the primary degradation channel. However, we present several (shelf life and light soaking) studies pointing the relative stability of the active layers and instabilities in commonly used electrode materials. We show that engineering of the hole/electron layer at the electrode can lead to environmentally stable devices even without encapsulation.

  1. Organic photovoltaic cells utilizing ultrathin sensitizing layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI); Yang, Fan (Piscataway, NJ); Rand, Barry P. (Somers, NY)

    2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A photosensitive device includes a plurality of organic photoconductive materials disposed in a stack between a first electrode and a second electrode, including a first continuous layer of donor host material, a second continuous layer of acceptor host material, and at least one other organic photoconductive material disposed as a plurality of discontinuous islands between the first continuous layer and the second continuous layer. Each of these other photoconductive materials has an absorption spectra different from the donor host material and the acceptor host material. Preferably, each of the discontinuous islands consists essentially of a crystallite of the respective organic photoconductive material, and more preferably, the crystallites are nanocrystals.

  2. Control of flow through a vapor generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radcliff, Thomas D.

    2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In a Rankine cycle system wherein a vapor generator receives heat from exhaust gases, provision is made to avoid overheating of the refrigerant during ORC system shut down while at the same time preventing condensation of those gases within the vapor generator when its temperature drops below a threshold temperature by diverting the flow of hot gases to ambient and to thereby draw ambient air through the vapor generator in the process. In one embodiment, a bistable ejector is adjustable between one position, in which the hot gases flow through the vapor generator, to another position wherein the gases are diverted away from the vapor generator. Another embodiment provides for a fixed valve ejector with a bias towards discharging to ambient, but with a fan on the downstream side of said vapor generator for overcoming this bias.

  3. Organizational images : towards a model of organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Neel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study develops a general theoretical framework for the analysis of organizational behavior by focusing on the notion that organizations develop unique information-processing frameworks, which it labels "organizational ...

  4. Organizing Your 4-H Project Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.

    2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Project work allows 4-H volunteer leaders to teach and young people to learn new skills and gain new knowledge. Each project group should be organized in cooperation with the club's organizational leader. Use this guide when planning your first...

  5. Visible spectrometer utilizing organic thin film absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiefenbruck, Laura C. (Laura Christine)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I modeled and developed a spectrometer for the visible wavelength spectrum, based on absorption characteristics of organic thin films. The device uses fundamental principles of linear algebra to reconstruct ...

  6. Thiophene-based covalent organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Guillaume

    We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) incorporating thiophene-based building blocks. We show that these are amenable to reticular synthesis, and that bent ditopic monomers, such ...

  7. Six Sigma for Non-Profit Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiddick, Diana L.

    2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    generate and manage income, manage staff, buildings, machinery, and provide services that the customer desires. There has been recognition in the world for the need for quality management practices in non-profit organizations. The United States, United...

  8. Neutron detection with single crystal organic scintillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaitseva, N; Newby, J; Hamel, S; Carman, L; Faust, M; Lordi, V; Cherepy, N; Stoeffl, W; Payne, S

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Detection of high-energy neutrons in the presence of gamma radiation background utilizes pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) phenomena in organics studied previously only with limited number of materials, mostly liquid scintillators and single crystal stilbene. The current paper presents the results obtained with broader varieties of luminescent organic single crystals. The studies involve experimental tools of crystal growth and material characterization in combination with the advanced computer modeling, with the final goal of better understanding the relevance between the nature of the organic materials and their PSD properties. Special consideration is given to the factors that may diminish or even completely obscure the PSD properties in scintillating crystals. Among such factors are molecular and crystallographic structures that determine exchange coupling and exciton mobility in organic materials and the impurity effect discussed on the examples of trans-stilbene, bibenzyl, 9,10-diphenylanthracene and diphenylacetylene.

  9. Magnetism in metal-organic capsules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, Jerry L.; Brechin, Euan K; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Inglis, Ross; Jones, Leigh F.; Mossine, Andrew; Paterson, Martin J.; Power, Nicholas P.; Teat, Simon J.

    2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nickel and cobalt seamed metal-organic capsules have been isolated and studied using structural, magnetic and computational approaches. Antiferromagnetic exchange in the Ni capsule results from coordination environments enforced by the capsule framework.

  10. Student Success Center Graduate Teaching Assistant ORGANIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    POSITION: Student Success Center Graduate Teaching Assistant ORGANIZATION: The College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (CASNR) Student Success Center is a part of CASNR's Academic Programs Office and supports student learning, development, and achievement by providing tools

  11. Polybiphenylmethylenes: New Polymers for Bistable Organic Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Kenneth

    architectures that can be used to fabricate high density storage elements ­ so called organic electronically to the referenced protocol. 2,2-Bis(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyloxyphenyl)propane (2a), 7,8 2,2-bis(4

  12. Organic LEDs for optoelectronic neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mars, Risha R

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I investigate the characteristics of Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) and assess their suitability for use in the Compact Optoelectronic Integrated Neural (COIN) coprocessor. The COIN coprocessor, a ...

  13. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/95155

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN­PPE/95­155 1 November 1995 Test of the Exponential Decay Law at Short Decay Times using Tau Leptons The OPAL Collaboration Abstract Quantum mechanics

  14. The Paradox of Meritocracy in Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castilla, Emilio J.

    In this article, we develop and empirically test the theoretical argument that when an organizational culture promotes meritocracy (compared with when it does not), managers in that organization may ironically show greater ...

  15. Commercialization of Novel Organic Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    Commercialization of Novel Organic Solar Cells Master of Engineering Final Report Shanel C. Miller................................................................................................................... 12 2.1 How do Solar Cells Work?.................................................................................................. 12 2.2 Types of Solar Cells that Exist Today

  16. DOE Organization Chart- October 6, 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Organization Chart is a diagram of the U.S. Department of Energy’s structure along with the relationships and relative ranks of its parts and positions/jobs.

  17. Management effects on labile organic carbon pools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolodziej, Scott Michael

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well documented that increases in soil organic matter (SOM) improve soil physical properties and increase the overall fertility and sustainability of the soil. Research in SOM storage has recently amplified following the proposal...

  18. Gas adsorption on metal-organic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Willis, Richard R. (Cary, IL); Low, John J. (Schaumburg, IL), Faheem, Syed A. (Huntley, IL); Benin, Annabelle I. (Oak Forest, IL); Snurr, Randall Q. (Evanston, IL); Yazaydin, Ahmet Ozgur (Evanston, IL)

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention involves the use of certain metal organic frameworks that have been treated with water or another metal titrant in the storage of carbon dioxide. The capacity of these frameworks is significantly increased through this treatment.

  19. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP/2002104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN­EP/2002­104 November 7, 2002 Performance Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, RU-630090 Novosibirsk, Russia. E. Aug´e, C. Bourdarios, D. Breton, W

  20. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP/9965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN­EP/99­65 April 27, 1999 A determination of the CP run performed during 1996 to measure these amplitudes [5], enabling this source of error

  1. Spacing innovation and learning in design organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García Herrera, Cristóbal, 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main research question of this thesis is the following: What is the relationship between spaces and innovation in the context of design organizations such as IDEO, the MIT Media Lab and Design Continuum? This thesis ...

  2. Power, status, and learning in organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunderson, J. Stuart

    This paper reviews the scholarly literature on the effects of social hierarchy—differences in power and status among organizational actors—on collective learning in organizations and groups. We begin with the observation ...

  3. A microfabricated dielectrophoretic micro-organism concentrator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, Rikky, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focuses on the development of a micro-organism concentrator. Pathogen detection, particularly MEMS based detection, is often limited by sample concentration. The proposed concentrator will interface with a ...

  4. Suggestions for Organizing an Extension Homemakers Club.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cline, June

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )C l245.7 13 14ID __ 'SUGGESTIONS rr FOR ORGANIZING AN EXTENSION HOMEMAKERS CLUB LIB P.AR Y APR 20 1987 B?" h Texas Agricultural Extension Service ? The Texas A&M University System :~ Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas... Suggestions for Organizing ~ an Extension Homemakers Club June Cline* Extension Homemakers Clubs provide homemakers an opportunity for continuous informal education in a variety of areas relating to the home, family, community and country. An Extension...

  5. Burbank Transportation Management Organization: Impact Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, E.; Aabakken, J.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Burbank Transportation Management Organization (BTMO), a private, membership-based, nonprofit organization dedicated to traffic reduction and air quality improvement, contracted with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a U.S. Department of Energy-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory, to analyze its member programs and their benefits and effects. This report uses trip data collected by the BTMO, and defines and implements a methodology for quantifying non-traffic benefits such as gasoline savings, productivity, and pollution reduction.

  6. Toxicity of certain organic insecticides to honeybees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, James Nevin

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TCXICITY OF CERTAIN ORGANIC INSECTICIDES TO HONEYBEES A Dissertation TC J AM S NETVIN WEAVER Approved as to style and content by: of Committee)(Chairman XIY (Head of Department or Student Advisor) May 1953 TCOOTTY OF CERTAIN ORGANIC... INSECTICIDES TO HONEYBEES By J A M S NEVIN HEAVERin A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR. OF PHILOSOPHY May 1953 Major...

  7. Stable blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R.; Thompson, Mark; Giebink, Noel

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel combination of materials and device architectures for organic light emitting devices is provided. An organic light emitting device, is provided, having an anode, a cathode, and an emissive layer disposed between the anode and the cathode. The emissive layer includes a host and a phosphorescent emissive dopant having a peak emissive wavelength less than 500 nm, and a radiative phosphorescent lifetime less than 1 microsecond. Preferably, the phosphorescent emissive dopant includes a ligand having a carbazole group.

  8. Vitrification of organics-containing wastes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickford, D.F.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for stabilizing organics-containing waste materials and recovery metals therefrom, and a waste glass product made according to the process are described. Vitrification of wastes such as organic ion exchange resins, electronic components and the like can be accomplished by mixing at least one transition metal oxide with the wastes, and, if needed, glass formers to compensate for a shortage of silicates or other glass formers in the wastes. The transition metal oxide increases the rate of oxidation of organic materials in the wastes to improve the composition of the glass-forming mixture: at low temperatures, the oxide catalyzes oxidation of a portion of the organics in the waste; at higher temperatures, the oxide dissolves and the resulting oxygen ions oxidize more of the organics; and at vitrification temperatures, the metal ions conduct oxygen into the melt to oxidize the remaining organics. In addition, the transition metal oxide buffers the redox potential of the glass melt so that metals such as Au, Pt, Ag, and Cu separate form the melt in the metallic state and can be recovered. After the metals are recovered, the remainder of the melt is allowed to cool and may subsequently be disposed of. The product has good leaching resistance and can be disposed of in an ordinary landfill, or, alternatively, used as a filler in materials such as concrete, asphalt, brick and tile.

  9. Vitrification of organics-containing wastes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickford, D.F.

    1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for stabilizing organics-containing waste materials and recovering metals therefrom, and a waste glass product made according to the process is also disclosed. Vitrification of wastes such as organic ion exchange resins, electronic components and the like can be accomplished by mixing at least one transition metal oxide with the wastes, and, if needed, glass formers to compensate for a shortage of silicates or other glass formers in the wastes. The transition metal oxide increases the rate of oxidation of organic materials in the wastes to improve the composition of the glass-forming mixture: at low temperatures, the oxide catalyzes oxidation of a portion of the organics in the waste; at higher temperatures, the oxide dissolves and the resulting oxygen ions oxidize more of the organics; and at vitrification temperatures, the metal ions conduct oxygen into the melt to oxidize the remaining organics. In addition, the transition metal oxide buffers the redox potential of the glass melt so that metals such as Au, Pt, Ag, and Cu separate from the melt in the metallic state and can be recovered. After the metals are recovered, the remainder of the melt is allowed to cool and may subsequently be disposed of. The product has good leaching resistance and can be disposed of in an ordinary landfill, or, alternatively, used as a filler in materials such as concrete, asphalt, brick and tile. 1 fig.

  10. Vitrification of organics-containing wastes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickford, Dennis F. (Aiken, SC)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for stabilizing organics-containing waste materials and recovering metals therefrom, and a waste glass product made according to the process. Vitrification of wastes such as organic ion exchange resins, electronic components and the like can be accomplished by mixing at least one transition metal oxide with the wastes, and, if needed, glass formers to compensate for a shortage of silicates or other glass formers in the wastes. The transition metal oxide increases the rate of oxidation of organic materials in the wastes to improve the composition of the glass-forming mixture: at low temperatures, the oxide catalyzes oxidation of a portion of the organics in the waste; at higher temperatures, the oxide dissolves and the resulting oxygen ions oxidize more of the organics; and at vitrification temperatures, the metal ions conduct oxygen into the melt to oxidize the remaining organics. In addition, the transition metal oxide buffers the redox potential of the glass melt so that metals such as Au, Pt, Ag, and Cu separate from the melt in the metallic state and can be recovered. After the metals are recovered, the remainder of the melt is allowed to cool and may subsequently be disposed of. The product has good leaching resistance and can be disposed of in an ordinary landfill, or, alternatively, used as a filler in materials such as concrete, asphalt, brick and tile.

  11. Significance of Isotopically Labile Organic Hydrogen in Thermal Maturation of Organic Matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arndt Schimmelmann; Maria Mastalerz

    2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Isotopically labile organic hydrogen in fossil fuels occupies chemical positions that participate in isotopic exchange and in chemical reactions during thermal maturation from kerogen to bitumen, oil and gas. Carbon-bound organic hydrogen is isotopically far less exchangeable than hydrogen bound to nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur. We explore why organic hydrogen isotope ratios express a relationship with organic nitrogen isotope ratios in kerogen at low to moderate maturity. We develop and apply new techniques to utilize organic D/H ratios in organic matter fractions and on a molecular level as tools for exploration for fossil fuels and for paleoenvironmental research. The scope of our samples includes naturally and artificially matured substrates, such as coal, shale, oil and gas.

  12. NUMBER: RSCH 1.03 SECTION: Office of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    are promulgated by the Office of Research Compliance (ORC) and are contained in the Policies and Procedures are located on the ORC web site at http://orc.research.sc.edu/irb.shtml. The ORC is responsible for information, IRB application materials, and other assistance should be directed to ORC. III. Reason

  13. Factors influencing participation in craft organizations: a study of East Tennessee craftspeople and their organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monk, Phillip Myrl

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FACTORS INFLUENCING PARTICIPATION IN CRAFT ORGANIZATIONS: A STUDY OF EAST TENNESSEE CRAFTSPEOPLE AND THEIR ORGANIZATIONS A Thesis by PHILLIP MYRL MONK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment.... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Sociology FACTORS INFLUENCING PARTICIPATION IN CRAFT ORGANIZATIONS: A STUDY OF EAST TENNESSEE CRAFTSPEOPLE AND THEIR OGRANIZATIONS A Thesis by PHILLIP MYRL MONK Approved...

  14. Semitransparent Organic Photovoltaic Cells with Laminated Top Electrode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Semitransparent Organic Photovoltaic Cells with Laminated Top Electrode Jung-Yong Lee, Steve T demonstrate semitransparent small molecular weight organic photovoltaic cells using a laminated silver metal cathode due to differences in optical absorption. KEYWORDS Organic photovoltaics, transparent

  15. Distant harvest : the production and price of organic food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherburne, Morgan (Morgan L.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic food is growing in popularity, enjoying a 15 to 20% increase in sales, yearly, since about 1997, according to the Organic Trade Association. Organic produce makes up about 2% of the United States' total food sales ...

  16. Organic Vegetable Gardening1 James M. Stephens2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    "conventional" gardening mainly in the areas of fertilization and pest control. The organic gardener prefers, compost, or mixed organic fertilizer. Benefits

  17. Contingency in the Direction and Mechanics of Soil Organic Matter...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contingency in the Direction and Mechanics of Soil Organic Matter Responses to Increased Rainfall. Contingency in the Direction and Mechanics of Soil Organic Matter Responses to...

  18. Persistence of soil organic matter in eroding versus depositional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Persistence of soil organic matter in eroding versus depositional landform positions. Persistence of soil organic matter in eroding versus depositional landform positions....

  19. Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic Framework in Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic...

  20. Fabrication and Characterization of Organic/Inorganic Photovoltaic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guvenc, Ali Bilge

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. W. Yu, Organic photovoltaic devices with a crosslinkablein Nanostructured Photovoltaic Devices, Recent Patents oninterfaces in organic photovoltaic devices, Solar Energy

  1. Ways of contending : community organizing and development in neighborhood context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, David Micah, 1972-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores community organizing by Community Development Corporations (CDCs), the different outcomes achieved by organizing campaigns, and the factors that contribute to their successes and failures. Among ...

  2. Amigo Bob Cantisano: Organic Farming Advisor, Founder, Ecological Farming Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grandpa was your only farm advisor. Cantisano: Yes, really.Holt Organic Farming Advisor Founder, Eco-Farm Conferenceonly independent organic farming advisor on the West Coast.

  3. Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents of Biomass Burning Aerosol. Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents of Biomass Burning...

  4. antennulary sensory organs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a modified cilium. Type II sense organsINTRODUCTION In multicellular organisms, sensory perception relies on cells with specialized Swoboda, Peter 2 The biomechanics of sensory...

  5. Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Exhaust Partitioning of Volatile Organics in Diesel Particulate and Exhaust Evaluation of how sampling details affect the measurement of volatile organic compounds in...

  6. Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Understanding Collection-Related Losses in Organic Solar Cells...

  7. New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive...

  8. New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Wednesday, 27 April 2011 00:00 Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and...

  9. The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells Print Monday, 28...

  10. Synergy between Secondary Organic Aerosols and Long Range Transport...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between Secondary Organic Aerosols and Long Range Transport of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Synergy between Secondary Organic Aerosols and Long Range Transport of Polycyclic...

  11. Annex I ITER Organization Service Contract General Conditions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Annex I ITER Organization Service Contract General Conditions (2014) Page 1 of 21 GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR ITER ORGANIZATION SERVICE CONTRACTS (2014) Definitions...

  12. SciTech Connect: Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic Sorbents for Rapid and Efficient Extraction of Heavy Metals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Metal-Organic Framework Templated...

  13. The Development of Semiconducting Materials for Organic Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Jessica D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F. C. ; Norrman, K. Prog. Photovoltaics 2007, 15, 697–712.Processed Organic Photovoltaics that Generate Chargepolymer-based organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have attracted

  14. Comment on "coherence and uncertainty in nanostructured organic photovoltaics"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provide new probes for photovoltaics. The develop- ment ofin Nanostructured Organic Photovoltaics. J. Phys. Chem. Lettin Nanostructured Organic Photovoltaics” Shaul Mukamel

  15. Molecular Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application of High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Molecular Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application of High Resolution Mass...

  16. Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt and Organic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt and Organic Particles: Surprising Reactivity of NaCl with Weak Organic Acids Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt...

  17. Detection of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Low Volatility Organic Analytes on Soils Using Infrared Reflection Spectroscopy. Abstract: Previous work on detection of low-volatility liquid organic (and...

  18. Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins of Gasoline and Diesel Emissions Comparative Toxicity of Combined Particle and Semi-Volatile Organic Fractioins...

  19. Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices Through Chemical Modification of Host Materials . Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices...

  20. High efficiency and low roll-off blue phosphorescent organic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    efficiency and low roll-off blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices using mixed host architecture. High efficiency and low roll-off blue phosphorescent organic...

  1. NSF/DOE Thermoelectric Partnership: Inorganic-Organic Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics NSFDOE Thermoelectric Partnership: Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Thermoelectrics 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle...

  2. Particulate Matter Sampling and Volatile Organic Compound Removal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organic Compound Removal for Characterization of Spark Ignited Direct Injection Engine Particulate Matter Sampling and Volatile Organic Compound Removal for Characterization...

  3. Reactions Between Water Soluble Organic Acids and Nitrates in...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reactions Between Water Soluble Organic Acids and Nitrates in Atmospheric Aerosols: Recycling of Nitric Acid and Formation of Reactions Between Water Soluble Organic Acids and...

  4. Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice on Anthropogenic Organic Particles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nucleation of Ice on Anthropogenic Organic Particles Collected in Mexico City. Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice on Anthropogenic Organic Particles Collected in Mexico City....

  5. argentine organizations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of organic wastes) and digestion (anaerobic treatment of organic wastes combined with biogas production) are important waste management strategies with increasing...

  6. Preservation of Organic Matter in Marine Sediments: Controls, Mechanisms, and an Imbalance in Sediment Organic Carbon Budgets?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdige, David

    Preservation of Organic Matter in Marine Sediments: Controls, Mechanisms, and an Imbalance in Sediment Organic Carbon Budgets? David J. Burdige* Department of Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Old.1. Organic Geochemistry of Marine Sediments: General Considerations 468 2. Molecularly Uncharacterized

  7. Organic aerogel microspheres and fabrication method therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, S.T.; Kong, F.M.; Pekala, R.W.; Kaschmitter, J.L.

    1996-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic aerogel microspheres which can be used in capacitors, batteries, thermal insulation, adsorption/filtration media, and chromatographic packings, having diameters ranging from about 1 micron to about 3 mm. The microspheres can be pyrolyzed to form carbon aerogel microspheres. This method involves stirring the aqueous organic phase in mineral oil at elevated temperature until the dispersed organic phase polymerizes and forms nonsticky gel spheres. The size of the microspheres depends on the collision rate of the liquid droplets and the reaction rate of the monomers from which the aqueous solution is formed. The collision rate is governed by the volume ratio of the aqueous solution to the mineral oil and the shear rate, while the reaction rate is governed by the chemical formulation and the curing temperature.

  8. Photoenhanced anaerobic digestion of organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weaver, Paul F. (Golden, CO)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for rapid conversion of organic acids and alcohols anaerobic digesters into hydrogen and carbon dioxide, the optimal precursor substrates for production of methane. The process includes addition of photosynthetic bacteria to the digester and exposure of the bacteria to radiant energy (e.g., solar energy). The process also increases the pH stability of the digester to prevent failure of the digester. Preferred substrates for photosynthetic bacteria are the organic acid and alcohol waste products of fermentative bacteria. In mixed culture with methanogenic bacteria or in defined co-culture with non-aceticlastic methanogenic bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria are capable of facilitating the conversion or organic acids and alcohols into methane with low levels of light energy input.

  9. Aerogels derived from multifunctional organic monomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pekala, R.W.; Alviso, C.T.; Kong, F.M.; Hulsey, S.S.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional inorganic aerogels are mad via the hydrolysis and condensation of metal alkoxides. Recently, we reported the synthesis of organic aerogels based upon the aqueous polycondensation of (1) resorcinol with formaldehyde and (2) melamine with formaldehyde. The former materials can also be pyrolyzed in an inert atmosphere to form vitreous carbon aerogels. In both the inorganic and organic systems, the structure and properties of the dried aerogel are dictated by polymerization conditions. Factors such as pH, reactant ratio, and temperature influence the crosslinking chemistry and growth processes taking place prior to gelation. The ability to tailor the structure and properties of aerogels at the nanometer scale opens up exciting possibilities for these novel materials. This paper addresses the chemistry-structure-property relationships of organic aerogels. 22 refs., 7 figs.

  10. Organic aerogel microspheres and fabrication method therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayer, Steven T. (San Leandro, CA); Kong, Fung-Ming (Pleasanton, CA); Pekala, Richard W. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Kaschmitter, James L. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic aerogel microspheres which can be used in capacitors, batteries, thermal insulation, adsorption/filtration media, and chromatographic packings, having diameters ranging from about 1 micron to about 3 mm. The microspheres can be pyrolyzed to form carbon aerogel microspheres. This method involves stirring the aqueous organic phase in mineral oil at elevated temperature until the dispersed organic phase polymerizes and forms nonsticky gel spheres. The size of the microspheres depends on the collision rate of the liquid droplets and the reaction rate of the monomers from which the aqueous solution is formed. The collision rate is governed by the volume ratio of the aqueous solution to the mineral oil and the shear rate, while the reaction rate is governed by the chemical formulation and the curing temperature.

  11. Organic Tanks Safety Program: Waste aging studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camaioni, D.M.; Samuels, W.D.; Lenihan, B.D.; Clauss, S.A.; Wahl, K.L.; Campbell, J.A.

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The underground storage tanks at the Hanford Complex contain wastes generated from many years of plutonium production and recovery processes, and mixed wastes from radiological degradation processes. The chemical changes of the organic materials used in the extraction processes have a direct on several specific safety issues, including potential energy releases from these tanks. This report details the first year`s findings of a study charged with determining how thermal and radiological processes may change the composition of organic compounds disposed to the tank. Their approach relies on literature precedent, experiments with simulated waste, and studies of model reactions. During the past year, efforts have focused on the global reaction kinetics of a simulated waste exposed to {gamma} radiation, the reactions of organic radicals with nitrite ion, and the decomposition reactions of nitro compounds. In experiments with an organic tank non-radioactive simulant, the authors found that gas production is predominantly radiolytically induced. Concurrent with gas generation they observe the disappearance of EDTA, TBP, DBP and hexone. In the absence of radiolysis, the TBP readily saponifies in the basic medium, but decomposition of the other compounds required radiolysis. Key organic intermediates in the model are C-N bonded compounds such as oximes. As discussed in the report, oximes and nitro compounds decompose in strong base to yield aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids (from nitriles). Certain aldehydes can react in the absence of radiolysis to form H{sub 2}. Thus, if the pathways are correct, then organic compounds reacting via these pathways are oxidizing to lower energy content. 75 refs.

  12. Organic materials for fusion-reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurley, G.F.; Coltman, R.R. Jr.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic materials requirements for fusion-reactor magnets are described with reference to the temperature, radiation, and electrical and mechanical stress environment expected in these magnets. A review is presented of the response to gamma-ray and neutron irradiation at low temperatures of candidate organic materials; i.e. laminates, thin films, and potting compounds. Lifetime-limiting features of this response as well as needed testing under magnet operating conditions not yet adequately investigated are identified and recomendations for future work are made.

  13. Polaron spin current transport in organic semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanabe, Shun; Ando, Kazuya; Kang, Keehoon; Mooser, Sebastian; Vaynzof, Yana; Kurebayashi, Hidekazu; Saitoh, Eiji; Sirringhaus, Henning

    2014-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of their unique functional properties, such as a long spin life- time that reflects their light-atom, mainly carbon-based composition. To date, the focus in organic spintronics has mainly been on studies of spin valves with a thin organic semicon- ductor layer... was extracted by fitting the measured field dependence of the voltage using symmetric and asymmetric Lorentz-type functions. A constant offset voltage due to the microwave irradiation (typically ? 100 nV) was also subtracted. g The equivalent circuit...

  14. High mobility high efficiency organic films based on pure organic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salzman, Rhonda F. (Ann Arbor, MI); Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

    2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of purifying small molecule organic material, performed as a series of operations beginning with a first sample of the organic small molecule material. The first step is to purify the organic small molecule material by thermal gradient sublimation. The second step is to test the purity of at least one sample from the purified organic small molecule material by spectroscopy. The third step is to repeat the first through third steps on the purified small molecule material if the spectroscopic testing reveals any peaks exceeding a threshold percentage of a magnitude of a characteristic peak of a target organic small molecule. The steps are performed at least twice. The threshold percentage is at most 10%. Preferably the threshold percentage is 5% and more preferably 2%. The threshold percentage may be selected based on the spectra of past samples that achieved target performance characteristics in finished devices.

  15. Organic acid-tolerant microorganisms and uses thereof for producing organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfleger, Brian Frederick; Begemann, Matthew Brett

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic acid-tolerant microorganisms and methods of using same. The organic acid-tolerant microorganisms comprise modifications that reduce or ablate AcsA activity or AcsA homolog activity. The modifications increase tolerance of the microorganisms to such organic acids as 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3HP), acrylic acid, and propionic acid. Further modifications to the microorganisms such as increasing expression of malonyl-CoA reductase and/or acetyl-CoA carboxylase provide or increase the ability of the microorganisms to produce 3HP. Methods of generating an organic acid with the modified microorganisms are provided. Methods of using acsA or homologs thereof as counter-selectable markers include replacing acsA or homologs thereof in cells with genes of interest and selecting for the cells comprising the genes of interest with amounts of organic acids effective to inhibit growth of cells harboring acsA or the homologs.

  16. National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR) project was to address cyber security issues for the electric sector, particularly in the near and mid-term. The following table identifies the strategies from the DOE Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity published in September 2011 that are applicable to the NESCOR project.

  17. Finance and Administration Organization FRANCINE G. MCNAIRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Finance and Administration Organization PRESIDENT FRANCINE G. MCNAIRY VICE PRESIDENT FOR FINANCE CONTRACTING RUTH SHEETZ ASSISTANT TO THE VICE PRESIDENT FOR FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION ELIZABETH W. KAREVICIUS PRESIDENT FOR FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION KENNETH E. DEARSTYNE JR. CONTROLLER TEH P. KRAJAN SENIOR ACCOUNTANT

  18. Environmental performance indicators of organic spreading machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Environmental performance indicators of organic spreading machines M. Rousselet1 *, J. C. Roux1 to French spreading machines. The task consists in defining relevant indicators specifically for spreaders indicator before and after improvement on the machine. Keywords: Environmental Performance Indicator

  19. IT Support for Sustainable Development in Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IT Support for Sustainable Development in Organizations Andreas Moeller and Arno Rolf Leuphana phase of sustainable development, as well as their contributions to modified or new generalized action in economics) and systemic mechanisms. With respect to sustainable development, new concepts supporting

  20. ORGANIZATION/ENTITY NAME INFORMATION REQUEST LIST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    our understanding of your departmental operations and activities. This list is not intended to be all be useful to us in the conduct of this audit. If you or your staff have any questions or need clarification Due Date Date Received Operations 1. Organization/ Operational Departmental organizational chart (s

  1. Murchison project organization and control. [North Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lauren, P.K.; Hall, J.N.

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A description is given of the project management organization and the management control systems used for Conoco's Murchison field development in the North Sea. These systems created for Murchison proved largely successful and have been enhanced for use during the Hutton field development. Management concepts are described in the context of the cost control system. 3 refs.

  2. Nanoparticles modified with multiple organic acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cook, Ronald Lee (Lakewood, CO); Luebben, Silvia DeVito (Golden, CO); Myers, Andrew William (Arvada, CO); Smith, Bryan Matthew (Boulder, CO); Elliott, Brian John (Superior, CO); Kreutzer, Cory (Brighton, CO); Wilson, Carolina (Arvada, CO); Meiser, Manfred (Aurora, CO)

    2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface-modified nanoparticles of boehmite, and methods for preparing the same. Aluminum oxyhydroxide nanoparticles are surface modified by reaction with selected amounts of organic acids. In particular, the nanoparticle surface is modified by reactions with two or more different carboxylic acids, at least one of which is an organic carboxylic acid. The product is a surface modified boehmite nanoparticle that has an inorganic aluminum oxyhydroxide core, or part aluminum oxyhydroxide core and a surface-bonded organic shell. Organic carboxylic acids of this invention contain at least one carboxylic acid group and one carbon-hydrogen bond. One embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that have been surface modified with two or more acids one of which additional carries at least one reactive functional group. Another embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that have been surface modified with multiple acids one of which has molecular weight or average molecular weight greater than or equal to 500 Daltons. Yet, another embodiment of this invention provides boehmite nanoparticles that are surface modified with two or more acids one of which is hydrophobic in nature and has solubility in water of less than 15 by weight. The products of the methods of this invention have specific useful properties when used in mixture with liquids, as filler in solids, or as stand-alone entities.

  3. Heterogeneous organic acid uptake on soot surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitt, Nicholas Paul

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    observed the interaction between a number of carboxylic acids and soot from different fuel sources and formation mechanisms. A low pressure fast flow reactor was used to control the contact between the solid phase soot and gas phase organics, while chemical...

  4. Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY)

    2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction include a light-scattering medium disposed adjacent thereto. The light-scattering medium has a light scattering anisotropy parameter g in the range from greater than zero to about 0.99, and a scatterance parameter S less than about 0.22 or greater than about 3.

  5. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERNPPE/95172

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERN­PPE/95­172 24 November 1995 A Combination of Preliminary LEP Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model \\Lambda The LEP Collaborations Experiments to the 1995 International Europhysics Conference on High­Energy Physics, 27/7 to 2

  6. Organizing Carbon Nanotubes with Liquid Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, David L.

    Organizing Carbon Nanotubes with Liquid Crystals Michael D. Lynch and David L. Patrick* Department, 2002; Revised Manuscript Received September 13, 2002 ABSTRACT Single- and multiwalled carbon nanotubes- and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT and MWCNT) are of particular interest because these materials

  7. Organic chemical contaminants in Biosolids Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    under the general classification "dioxins." Dioxins are one of the well known dangerous organic chemicals. Dioxins had commercial uses, primarily in the pulp and paper industry, but have been outlawed due. There are many types of dioxins. "Dioxin" is actually a general term for a large number of compounds that contain

  8. Uncorrected Latitudinal Trends in Organic Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craft, Christopher B.

    of freshwater wetlands to sequester C. Keywords Cesium-137 (137 Cs), climate change, Histosol, precipitation author: e-mail: ccraft@indiana.edu J. Vymazal (ed.), Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management relation- ships between climate (temperature) and C accumulation. Organic C accumulation was inversely

  9. Optimizing Organ Allocation and Acceptance OGUZHAN ALAGOZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Andrew

    it is transplanted is called the cold ischemia time (CIT). During this time, organs are bathed in storage solutions J. SCHAEFER Departments of Industrial Engineering and Medicine University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh of Transplant Recipients states that the acceptable cold ischemia time limit for a liver is 12 to 18 hours [22

  10. AEROBIC BIOTRANSFORMATION OF TOXIC ORGANICS IN WASTEWATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;AEROBIC BIOTRANSFORMATION OF TOXIC ORGANICS IN WASTEWATER DOE FRAP 1997-15 Prepared for in both domestic and industrial wastewater. The release of these compounds during wastewater treatment to predict the mass of the VOCs in the wastewater treated by biotransformation and the mass stripped

  11. Technology Planning in Smaller Organizations or Nonprofits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    1 Technology Planning in Smaller Organizations or Nonprofits (This is quite practical material...) Before we begin: See http://www.nten.org/ Why Undertake Technology Planning? Source: Podolsky, 2003 Wired for Good Planning can ensure technology supports the mission and strategic goals Planning

  12. Enhanced Thin Film Organic Photovoltaic Devices

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel structure design for thin film organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices provides a system for increasing the optical absorption in the active layer. The waveguided structure permits reduction of the active layer thickness, resulting in enhanced charge collection and extraction, leading to improved power conversion efficiency compared to standard OPV devices....

  13. ECE 452: Computer Organization and Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Russ

    ECE 452: Computer Organization and Architecture - ECE251 Pre-requisites: Microprocessors Addressing - Microarchitecture design for supporting the instruction set architecture (datapath, control path) - Pipelined and network architectures · Off-chip bus architectures (e.g., PCI-E) - Multicore, multiprocessor, and cluster

  14. Organic Acid Production by Filamentous Fungi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -being. Indeed, organic acid fermentations are often not even identified as fungal bioprocesses, having been Aspergillus niger in aerated stirred-tank-reactors can convert glucose to citric acid with greater than 80 lipolytica, and related yeast species, may be in use commercially to produce citric acid (Lopez-Garcia, 2002

  15. A Comparison of International Regulatory Organizations and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    A Comparison of International Regulatory Organizations and Licensing Procedures for New Nuclear the safety regulation and the licensing of new nuclear power plants. The paper considers both design safety approval and issues of site licensing. Advice from international organisations is summarised. Nuclear power

  16. Organic electrophosphorescence device having interfacial layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choulis, Stelios A. (San Jose, CA); Mathai, Mathew (Santa Clara, CA); Choong, Vi-En (San Jose, CA); So, Franky (Gainesville, FL)

    2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques are described for forming an organic light emitting diode device with improved device efficiency. Materials having at least one energy level that is similar to those of a phosphorescent light emitting material in the diode are incorporated into the device to directly inject holes or electrons to the light emitting material.

  17. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9782

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN­PPE/97­82 14 July 1997 Search for new physics in energetic single photon production in e + e \\Gamma annihilation at the Z resonance L3 Collaboration Abstract at the Z resonance is sensitive to new physics. Processes contributing to the invisible width \\Gamma inv

  18. Bicycling ResouRces: organizations and Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    Bicycling ResouRces: organizations and Programs Caltrans Office of Bicycle Facilities, P.O. Box 942874, Sacramento CA 94274, (916) 653-2750. http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/tpp/offices/bike/bicycle_prgm.htm City of Davis Bicycle/Pedestrian Program, 23 Russell Boulevard, Davis, CA 95616, (530) 757-5686. E

  19. SHIP3QARD ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY JOIDES RESOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the National Science Foundation. Funding for the program is provided by the following agencies: DepartmentSHIP3QARD ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY ON JOIDES RESOLUTION Kay-Christian Bneis Ocean Drilling Program 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, CA 94025 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM TEXAS A&MUNIVERSITY TECHNICAL NOTE

  20. SIMULATING STRUCTURAL CHANGE IN ADAPTIVE ORGANIZATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfonseca, Manuel

    Modelos (CESIMO), Universidad de Los Andes, Me´rida, Venezuela JUAN DE LARA MANUEL ALFONSECA Escuela´ LISANDRO AGUILAR CEMISID, Universidad de Los Andes, Me´rida, Venezuela ANA MUN~ OZ Instituto Universitario Tecnoloogico de Ejido, Ejido, Me´rida, Venezuela This paper presents an agent-based model of an organization

  1. Auratic Weapons, World War II, and Cultural Hegemony in The Lord of the Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silverstein, Michelle

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When Merry and Pippin are abducted by the Orc army, oneof the Orcs, Uglúk, takes their knives away from them. Merrywith the weapons causes the orc to cast them away. Once

  2. Class of 2018 Welcome to Dartmouth!!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepherd, Simon

    exist: see ORC pages 113-114. #12;How to read an ORC entry Course Number Course Title Terms requirements #12;How to read an ORC entry Course description Course title Course

  3. Gamic Race: Logics of Difference in Videogame Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgin, Tanner

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the first time as an Orc and seeing a Night Elf crest aexplicit racial choices like “Orc” or “Caucasian,” Miis, forto early portrayals of orc [sic] as bloodthirsty savages

  4. Cdc7l1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toh, Gaik Theng; Masai, Hisao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    origin recognition complex (ORC) recruits Cdc6 and Cdt1pre-RC components (MCMs, ORCs, Cdt1) MCM2-7 complex is theshown to interact with the ORC subunits through its motif-

  5. Using Performance Incentives to Improve Medical Care Productivity and Health Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertler, Paul; Vermeerch, Christel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    du Rwanda (INSR) and ORC Macro (2006), Rwanda DemographicMaryland, U.S.A. : INSR and ORC Macro. Kak, Neeraj, Bartla Statistique du Rwanda and ORC Macro 2006). Despite this

  6. The HSV-1 ICP27 RGG box specifically binds flexible, GC-rich sequences but not G-quartet structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbin-Lickfett, Kara A.; Chen, I-Hsiung Brandon; Cocco, Melanie J.; Sandri-Goldin, Rozanne M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recognition complex (ORC) proteins to the EBV episomal mini-the binding by EBNA1 to the ORC proteins was RNA dependentrich RNA may be a mechanism for ORC recruitment (41). It is

  7. The effect of Abstinence, Being faithful to one partner, and Condom use (ABC) messages on HIV infection among youth in Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekwaru, John Paul

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Health (MOH) [Uganda] and ORC Macro Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-USA: Ministry of Health and ORC Macro, 2006. 7. Harrison A,of Health (MOH) [Uganda] and ORC Macro Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-

  8. Structural and Biochemical Studies of Origin Opening by Bacterial Replication Initiators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duderstadt, Karl Edward

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ATP hydrolysis by Cdc6 and ORC directs loading of the Mcm2-7S.P. 2004. ATP hydrolysis by ORC catalyzes reiterative Mcm2-origin recognition by an ORC protein. Science. 317: 1213-

  9. Methods to Study Intervention Sustainability Using Pre-existing, Community Interventions: Examples from the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Benjamin Ford

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1997;75 Suppl 1:7–24. [19] ORC-Macro. Demographic and HealthBasic Documentation No. 2. ORC Macro; 2006. [20] Reller ME,2005;161(5):472–82. [11] ORC-Macro. Demographic and Health

  10. Nanomagnetic Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlton, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IRC) and output register contact (ORC), respectively.The ORC must be more easily written to then the IRC. If thebe large enough to flip the ORC. Similarly when the register

  11. Lithography-driven design for manufacturing in nanometer- era VLSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Chul-Hong

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in terms of EPE), OPC/ORC runtime and post-OPC GDSII ?lehotspot detection e?ciency of ORC and our proposed method at65nm node. Filtered ORC + DG represents the total runtime,

  12. Epigenetic regulation of gene silencing and DNA replication in Arabidopsis thaliana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akahori Stroud-Drinkwater, Hume

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D.M. (2010). Drosophila ORC localizes to open chromatin anddeterminant for Drosophila ORC-DNA binding. Embo J 23, 897-Genome-wide distribution of ORC and MCM proteins in S.

  13. Acceptance of repeat population-based voluntary counseling and testing for HIV in rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro, 2006. 5. Bateganya MH,Office (NSO) [Malawi] and ORC Macro. Malawi Demographic andCalverton, Maryland: NSO and ORC Macro, 2005. 17. Boerma JT,

  14. Evolutionary Genetic Studies of Mating Type and Silencing in Saccharomyces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zill, Oliver

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    interaction analysis of ORC, Rap1, and Abf1 silencingW.C. 2006. Evidence for ORC-dependent repression of budding2001. Genome-wide distribution of ORC and MCM proteins in S.

  15. Rules for Role Play in Virtual Game Worlds Case Study: The Pataphysic Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eladhari, Mirjam P.; Mateas, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When she plays she ’is’ a hunting orc, acting as she wouldif she was an orc in the given setting. Suppose that theabout the history of the orc, what he wants and likes, why

  16. Patterns and Etiologies of Diarrheal Illness Among Two Key Immunocompromised Populations: HIV-Infected and Elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Sona Rhiju

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hello, I'm______________calling from ORC Macro on behalf ofHello, I'm______________calling from ORC Macro on behalf ofsurvey will be conducted by ORC Macro, on residents in 

  17. Cell cycle and DNA damage response regulation by Spy1, and the intersection of FGFR and NFkappaB pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAndrew, Christopher William

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silva LF, Duncker BP. ORC function in late G1: maintaining128-30. DePamphilis ML. The 'ORC cycle': a novel pathway forOrigin Recognition Complex (ORC), cdc6/18, cdc45, cdt1, the

  18. "Telling Your Father That He's Wrong": The Politics of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zlatunich, Nichole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Local Government 2011). (ORC Macr o 201 1). (Lloy d,and Development 23:105-113. ORC Macro. 2011, "Statcompiler,Uganda Ministry of Health and ORC Macro. 2006. Uganda HIV/

  19. Spy1 regulation of the cell cycle, checkpoint activation and apoptosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gastwirt, Randy Francis

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silva LF, Duncker BP. ORC function in late G1: maintaining128-30. DePamphilis ML. The 'ORC cycle': a novel pathway forOrigin Recognition Complex (ORC), cdc6/18, cdc45, cdt1, the

  20. Transcriptional Silencing Dynamic at the Single-Cell Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, Erin Asayo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J (2009) Expanded roles of ORC in the architecture and func-of these sites recruit the ORC complex, Rap1, and/or Abf1.Sir1, Sir2, Sir3, Sir4, and ORC localize across the entire

  1. Simulating boreal forest carbon dynamics after stand-replacing fire disturbance: insights from a global process-based vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CLIMVAR GPPCAL-CMCD CNT-CMCD ORC-STD FM-BF-NOSNAG AverageEC obs. period CMCD HHCD for only EC obs. period CMCD ORC-STD ORC-FM-NOSNAG Standard ORCHIDEE with fire and without

  2. Changing computational research. The challenges ahead.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As we looked at papers for ORC we set higher stan- dards. Weend we have decided to fold ORC into another BMC journal,and offer the “badge” of ORC certification as an extra

  3. Investigation of the organic matter in inactive nuclear tank liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenley, R.L.; Griest, W.H.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology for regulatory organics fails to account for the organic matter that is suggested by total organic carbon (TOC) analysis in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) inactive nuclear waste-tank liquids and sludges. Identification and measurement of the total organics are needed to select appropriate waste treatment technologies. An initial investigation was made of the nature of the organics in several waste-tank liquids. This report details the analysis of ORNL wastes.

  4. Characterizing the formation of secondary organic aerosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lunden, Melissa; Black, Douglas; Brown, Nancy

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic aerosol is an important fraction of the fine particulate matter present in the atmosphere. This organic aerosol comes from a variety of sources; primary organic aerosol emitted directly from combustion process, and secondary aerosol formed in the atmosphere from condensable vapors. This secondary organic aerosol (SOA) can result from both anthropogenic and biogenic sources. In rural areas of the United States, organic aerosols can be a significant part of the aerosol load in the atmosphere. However, the extent to which gas-phase biogenic emissions contribute to this organic load is poorly understood. Such an understanding is crucial to properly apportion the effect of anthropogenic emissions in these rural areas that are sometimes dominated by biogenic sources. To help gain insight on the effect of biogenic emissions on particle concentrations in rural areas, we have been conducting a field measurement program at the University of California Blodgett Forest Research Facility. The field location includes has been used to acquire an extensive suite of measurements resulting in a rich data set, containing a combination of aerosol, organic, and nitrogenous species concentration and meteorological data with a long time record. The field location was established in 1997 by Allen Goldstein, a professor in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management at the University of California at Berkeley to study interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere. The Goldstein group focuses on measurements of concentrations and whole ecosystem biosphere-atmosphere fluxes for volatile organic compounds (VOC's), oxygenated volatile organic compounds (OVOC's), ozone, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy. Another important collaborator at the Blodgett field location is Ronald Cohen, a professor in the Chemistry Department at the University of California at Berkeley. At the Blodgett field location, his group his group performs measurements of the concentrations of important gas phase nitrogen compounds. Experiments have been ongoing at the Blodgett field site since the fall of 2000, and have included portions of the summer and fall of 2001, 2002, and 2003. Analysis of both the gas and particle phase data from the year 2000 show that the particle loading at the site correlates with both biogenic precursors emitted in the forest and anthropogenic precursors advected to the site from Sacramento and the Central Valley of California. Thus the particles at the site are affected by biogenic processing of anthropogenic emissions. Size distribution measurements show that the aerosol at the site has a geometric median diameter of approximately 100 nm. On many days, in the early afternoon, growth of nuclei mode particles (<20 nm) is also observed. These growth events tend to occur on days with lower average temperatures, but are observed throughout the summer. Analysis of the size resolved data for these growth events, combined with typical measured terpene emissions, show that the particle mass measured in these nuclei mode particles could come from oxidation products of biogenic emissions, and can serve as a significant route for SOA partitioning into the particle phase. During periods of each year, the effect of emissions for forest fires can be detected at the Blodgett field location. During the summer of 2002 emissions from the Biscuit fire, a large fire located in Southwest Oregon, was detected in the aerosol data. The results show that increases in particle scattering can be directly related to increased black carbon concentration and an appearance of a larger mode in the aerosol size distribution. These results show that emissions from fires can have significant impact on visibility over large distances. The results also reinforce the view that forest fires can be a significant source of black carbon in the atmosphere, which has important climate and visibility. Continuing work with the 2002 data set, particularly the combination of the aerosol and gas phase data, will continue to provide important information o

  5. Alexis Michaud* Guillaume Jacques**Robert L. Rankin*** * (LACITO-CNRS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Jackson 1986 : 801, §1142 *tnow traoñ (IPA:/trãõ//tãõ/) *cnow (IPA:/*know/) kraoñ (IPA: /krãõ() grõhuw -- gnúis grui (IPA:[gris]) -- gnusachtach grsat -- cnáip kræb' -- cnáim; cnàimh kræ v kra 2 ( )( Prinmi) 5 IPA /i//i/ halshs-00915473,version1-8Dec2013 #12;2014 /grebla /)*-pna( [Dorsey 1885

  6. Reduced gravity rankine cycle design and optimization with passive vortex phase separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supak, Kevin Robert

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Potential drawbacks to the technology in a reduced gravity environment include two-phase fluid management processes such as liquid-vapor phase separation. The most critical location for phase separation is at the boiler exit where only vapor must be sent...

  7. Terrain Perception for DEMO III P. Bellutta, R. Manduchi, L Matthies, K. Owens, A. Rankin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manduchi, Roberto

    XUV in- cludes a LADAR, a radar, and color and infrared (FLIR) cameras (visible on the front and implementation of algorithms for terrain per- ception at JPL. Only passive sensors (color and FLIR cameras

  8. Optimisation criteria of a Rankine steam cycle powered by thorium HTR / Steven Cronier van Niekerk.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Niekerk, Steven Cronier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??HOLCIM has various cement production plants across India. These plants struggle to produce the projected amount of cement due to electricity shortages. Although coal is… (more)

  9. Depositional environment of jurassic smackover sandstones, Thomasville field, Rankin County, Mississippi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Rebecca Sarah Penfield

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of an ancient oil pool. Heat and burial cracked the oil, releasing the lighter, more volatile fractions and leaving a residue of pyrobitumen and heavy oil. On the basis of log character, it is possible to dis- tinguish between most sandstones, limestones... in the grammatical and quantitative editing of the manuscript. Hunt Energy Corporation provided funding, cores, and valuable information on Thomasville field. Hunt's aid to this study is greatly appreciated. Alan Thomson's (Shell Oil Co. ) comments on various...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced rankine cycle Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    two-tank molten... C. Figure 6. Temperature-entropy diagram for a reheat-regenerative subcritical ... Source: Australian National University, Department of Engineering, Solar...

  11. Exhaust Heat Driven Rankine Cycle for a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCof EnergyHouse11 DOEExhaust energy recovery2010

  12. High-Temperature Components for Rankine-Cycle-Based Waste Heat Recovery

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground Hawaii HIGHBraytonMaterialsEnergySystems on

  13. & MetalOrganic Frameworks Enhancing CO2 Separation Ability of a MetalOrganic Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    that it is a promising material for sequestering CO2 from landfill gas. Introduction Metal­organic frameworks have been considered as promising materials for separating CO2 from landfill gas and industrial flue gas due

  14. Rock Physics Characterization of Organic-Rich Shale Formations to Predict Organic Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Brandon

    2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    rely on to assess the economic potential of these formations are: total organic carbon (TOC), thermal maturity, hydrocarbon saturation, porosity, mineralogy and brittleness. In this thesis, I investigate rock physics models and methods for the possible...

  15. Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosol from the Direct Photolytic Generation of Organic Radicals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kessler, Sean Herbert

    The immense complexity inherent in the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA)—due primarily to the large number of oxidation steps and reaction pathways involved—has limited the detailed understanding of its underlying ...

  16. Design and synthesis of organic chromophores for imaging, lithography and organic electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Trisha Lionel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The absorption and emission maxima, photostabilities and photoreactivities of small-molecule organic chromophores can be tailored by (a) the choice of an appropriate parent structure and (b) the deliberate introduction of ...

  17. Gas Separation Using Organic-Vapor-Resistent Membranes In Conjunctin With Organic-Vapor-Selective Membranes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); He, Zhenjie (Fremont, CA); Da Costa, Andre R. (Menlo Park, CA); Daniels, Ramin (San Jose, CA); Amo, Karl D. (Mountain View, CA); Wijmans, Johannes G. (Menlo Park, CA)

    2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for treating a gas mixture containing at least an organic compound gas or vapor and a second gas, such as natural gas, refinery off-gas or air. The process uses two sequential membrane separation steps, one using membrane selective for the organic compound over the second gas, the other selective for the second gas over the organic vapor. The second-gas-selective membranes use a selective layer made from a polymer having repeating units of a fluorinated polymer, and demonstrate good resistance to plasticization by the organic components in the gas mixture under treatment, and good recovery after exposure to liquid aromatic hydrocarbons. The membrane steps can be combined in either order.

  18. Method of making organic light emitting devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Janora, Kevin Henry (Schenectady, NY); Parthasarathy, Gautam (Saratoga Springs, NY); Cella, James Anthony (Clifton Park, NY); Chichak, Kelly Scott (Clifton Park, NY)

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method for the preparation of organic light-emitting devices comprising a bilayer structure made by forming a first film layer comprising an electroactive material and an INP precursor material, and exposing the first film layer to a radiation source under an inert atmosphere to generate an interpenetrating network polymer composition comprising the electroactive material. At least one additional layer is disposed on the reacted first film layer to complete the bilayer structure. The bilayer structure is comprised within an organic light-emitting device comprising standard features such as electrodes and optionally one or more additional layers serving as a bipolar emission layer, a hole injection layer, an electron injection layer, an electron transport layer, a hole transport layer, exciton-hole transporting layer, exciton-electron transporting layer, a hole transporting emission layer, or an electron transporting emission layer.

  19. Organic complexant topical report. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meacham, J.E.; and others

    1997-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reviews the current understanding of hazards associated with the storage of organic complexant salts in Hanford Site high-level waste tanks. Two distinct hazards were evaluated: spontaneous self- accelerating decomposition reactions in the bulk material (bulk runaway) and ignition followed by condensed phase propagation (point source ignition). Results from the bulk runaway assessment showed that bulk runaway is not credible for all tanks except C-106. However, speciation of the organic in C-106 shows that it is almost all in the form of low energy oxalate, and there is little potential for a bulk runaway. Additional testing and evaluation would be necessary to definitely conclude that there is no potential for bulk runaway; therefore, controls are currently required for his tank. Temperature monitoring and controls (water addition and active ventilation) are adequate to prevent bulk runaway in C-106.

  20. Organic electronic devices using phthalimide compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hassan, Azad M.; Thompson, Mark E.

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic electronic devices comprising a phthalimide compound. The phthalimide compounds disclosed herein are electron transporters with large HOMO-LUMO gaps, high triplet energies, large reduction potentials, and/or thermal and chemical stability. As such, these phthalimide compounds are suitable for use in any of various organic electronic devices, such as OLEDs and solar cells. In an OLED, the phthalimide compounds may serve various functions, such as a host in the emissive layer, as a hole blocking material, or as an electron transport material. In a solar cell, the phthalimide compounds may serve various functions, such as an exciton blocking material. Various examples of phthalimide compounds which may be suitable for use in the present invention are disclosed.

  1. Tailoring the properties of organic aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have recently succeeded in producing a new class of organic (or carbon) aerogels whose electrical, mechanical, and other properties are superior to those of the metal alkoxides. By tailoring properties to specific applications, we hope to achieve aerogels with even better performance. We have already tested carbon aerogels for use in inertial-confinement fusion targets and are currently studying applications to other technologies, such as battery electrodes, catalyst supports, and gas filters. In several of these applications, the permeability of the carbon aerogels-that is, their resistance to fluid flow-is crucial to their performance. Here, we describe briefly the synthesis of organic aerogels and present the results of our permeability studies.

  2. White light-emitting organic electroluminescent devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shiang, Joseph John; Duggal, Anil Raj; Parthasarathy, Gautam

    2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A light-emitting device comprises a light-emitting member, which comprises two electrodes, at least two organic electroluminescent ("EL") materials disposed between the electrodes, a charge blocking material disposed between the electrodes, and at least one photoluminescent ("PL") material. The light-emitting member emits electromagnetic ("EM") radiation having a first spectrum in response to a voltage applied across the two electrodes. The PL material absorbs a portion of the EM radiation emitted by the light-emitting member and emits EM radiation having second spectrum different than the first spectrum. Each of the organic EL materials emits EM radiation having a wavelength range selected from the group consisting of blue and red wavelength ranges.

  3. Shock-induced chemistry in organic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dattelbaum, Dana M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sheffield, Steve [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Engelke, Ray [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Manner, Virginia [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chellappa, Raja [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yoo, Choong - Shik [WASHINGTON STATE UNIV

    2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The combined 'extreme' environments of high pressure, temperature, and strain rates, encountered under shock loading, offer enormous potential for the discovery of new paradigms in chemical reactivity not possible under more benign conditions. All organic materials are expected to react under these conditions, yet we currently understand very little about the first bond-breaking steps behind the shock front, such as in the shock initiation of explosives, or shock-induced reactivity of other relevant materials. Here, I will present recent experimental results of shock-induced chemistry in a variety of organic materials under sustained shock conditions. A comparison between the reactivity of different structures is given, and a perspective on the kinetics of reaction completion under shock drives.

  4. Organic electronic devices using phthalimide compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hassan, Azad M.; Thompson, Mark E.

    2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic electronic devices comprising a phthalimide compound. The phthalimide compounds disclosed herein are electron transporters with large HOMO-LUMO gaps, high triplet energies, large reduction potentials, and/or thermal and chemical stability. As such, these phthalimide compounds are suitable for use in any of various organic electronic devices, such as OLEDs and solar cells. In an OLED, the phthalimide compounds may serve various functions, such as a host in the emissive layer, as a hole blocking material, or as an electron transport material. In a solar cell, the phthalimide compounds may serve various functions, such as an exciton blocking material. Various examples of phthalimide compounds which may be suitable for use in the present invention are disclosed.

  5. Testing of organic acids in engine coolants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weir, T.W. [ARCO Chemical Co., Newtown Square, PA (United States)

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effectiveness of 30 organic acids as inhibitors in engine coolants is reported. Tests include glassware corrosion of coupled and uncoupled metals. FORD galvanostatic and cyclic polarization electrochemistry for aluminum pitting, and reserve alkalinity (RA) measurements. Details of each test are discussed as well as some general conclusions. For example, benzoic acid inhibits coupled metals well but is ineffective on cast iron when uncoupled. In benzoic acid inhibits coupled metals well but is ineffective on cast iron when uncoupled. In general, the organic acids provide little RA when titrated to a pH of 5.5, titration to a pH of 4.5 can result in precipitation of the acid. Trends with respect to acid chain length are reported also.

  6. Biogeochemical processes governing exposure and uptake of organic pollutant compounds in aquatic organisms. Environmental Health Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John W. Farrington

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews current knowledge of biogeochemical cycles of pollutant organic chemicals in aquatic ecosystems with a focus on coastal ecosystems. There is a bias toward discussng chemkal and geochemical aspects ofbiogeochemical cycles and an emphasis on hydrophobic organic compounds such as polynuckar aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and chlorinated organic compounds used as pesticides. The complexity of mixtures of pollutant organic compounds, their various modes of entering ecosystems, and their physical chemical forms are discussed. Important factors that influence bioavailability and disposition (e.g., organism-water partitioning, uptake via food, food meb transfer) are reviewed. These factors include solubilities of chemicals; partitioning of chemicals between solid surfaces, colloids, and soluble phases; variables rates of sorption, desorption; and physiological status of organism. It appears that more emphasis on considering food as a source of uptake and bioaccumulation is important in benthic and epibenthic ecosystems when sediment-associated pollutants are a nt source of input to an aquatic ecosystem. Progress with mathematical models for exposure and uptake of contaminant chemicals is discussed briefly.

  7. Advanced organic analysis and analytical methods development: FY 1995 progress report. Waste Tank Organic Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahl, K.L.; Campbell, J.A.; Clauss, S.A. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the work performed during FY 1995 by Pacific Northwest Laboratory in developing and optimizing analysis techniques for identifying organics present in Hanford waste tanks. The main focus was to provide a means for rapidly obtaining the most useful information concerning the organics present in tank waste, with minimal sample handling and with minimal waste generation. One major focus has been to optimize analytical methods for organic speciation. Select methods, such as atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry, were developed to increase the speciation capabilities, while minimizing sample handling. A capillary electrophoresis method was developed to improve separation capabilities while minimizing additional waste generation. In addition, considerable emphasis has been placed on developing a rapid screening tool, based on Raman and infrared spectroscopy, for determining organic functional group content when complete organic speciation is not required. This capability would allow for a cost-effective means to screen the waste tanks to identify tanks that require more specialized and complete organic speciation to determine tank safety.

  8. Organic light emitting device architecture for reducing the number of organic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D'Andrade, Brian (Westampton, NJ); Esler, James (Levittown, PA)

    2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic light emitting device is provided. The device includes an anode and a cathode. A first emissive layer is disposed between the anode and the cathode. The first emissive layer includes a first non-emitting organic material, which is an organometallic material present in the first emissive layer in a concentration of at least 50 wt %. The first emissive layer also includes a first emitting organic material. A second emissive layer is disposed between the first emissive layer and the cathode, preferably, in direct contact with the first emissive layer. The second emissive material includes a second non-emitting organic material and a second emitting organic material. The first and second non-emitting materials, and the first and second emitting materials, are all different materials. A first non-emissive layer is disposed between the first emissive layer and the anode, and in direct contact with the first emissive layer. The first non- emissive layer comprises the first non-emissive organic material.

  9. Organic Phosphoric Acid of the Soil.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1911-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. +6CT /36 CHEMICAL SECTION, FEBRUARY, 191 1 I TECHNICAL BULLETIN Organic Phosphoric Acid of the Soil BY G. S. FRAPS, Chemist POSTOFFICE College Station, Brazos County, 'Texas. ,\\ustin... . ................................................ introduction 5 .............................. hmmonia-Soluble Phosphoric Acid 5 ................ Solubility of Phosphates in Ammonia 6 I Fixation of Phosphoric Acid from Ammonia .......... 7 Effect of Ratio of Soil to Solvent in Extraction of Phos- I I...

  10. "Mapping" Nonprofit Infrastructure Organizations in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aho, Andrea; Harris, Amanda; Kessel, Kendall; Park, Jongsoo; Park, Jong Taek; Rios, Lisa; Swendig, Brett

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Mapping? Nonprofit Infrastructure Organizations in Texas The Bush School of Government and Public Service Capstone Seminar Research by graduate students in the MPSA program (Andrea Aho... Service Texas A & M University December 2010 Page 1 What is Capstone? Capstone research courses at The George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University are completed in lieu of a master‘s thesis project...

  11. International Labor Organization (ILO) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climate compatible developmentClimateOrganization (ILO) Jump to:

  12. Inhibition of nickel precipitation by organic ligands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, H.L.; Nikolaidis, N.P.; Grasso, D. [Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wastewaters from electroplating are very complex due to the composition of the plating baths. A nickel plating bath typically consists of a nickel source (nickel chloride or nickel sulfate), complexing agents to solubilize nickel ions controlling their concentration in the solution, buffering agents to maintain pH, brighteners to improve brightness of the plated metal, stabilizers (inhibitors) to prevent undesired reactions, accelerators to enhance speed of reactions, wetting agents to reduce surface tension at the metal surface, and reducing agents (only for electroless nickel plating) to supply electrons for reduction of the nickel. Alkaline precipitation is the most common method of recovering nickel from wastewaters. However, organic constituents found in the wastewaters can mask or completely inhibit the precipitation of nickel. The objective of this study was to conduct an equilibrium study to explore the inhibition behavior of various organic ligands on nickel precipitation. This will lay the groundwork for development of technologies efficacious in the treatment of complexed nickel. The organic ligands used in this study are EDTA, triethanolamine (TEA), gluconate, and tartrate.

  13. Occupational health experience with organic additives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thiess, A.M.; Wellenreuther, G.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many decades, interest in occupational medicine has been focused on the wide variety of organic additives, which includes a large number of substances, for example, dyestuffs, pigments, and auxiliaries for the textile, leather, and paper industries. The reason is that, if the recommended precautions are not observed, there is a risk of exposure to most of these substances during both production and use. Moreover, over the years, some additives have caused concern and aroused suspicion regarding adverse effects on health. In order to deal with health problems in this field, it is important to be aware of how, what, and where occupational diseases or accidents arise. Much knowledge has been gained about these, and it would be an impossible task to give a systematic survey of the data that have accumulated, especially since it is necessary to take account of the problem of exposure to more than one substance. Thus an attempt is made to report on occupational health experience in general, and to demonstrate how an industrial hygienist may approach the many and various problems. Some epidemiological studies on organic additives (auramine, anthraquinone dyestuffs, organic dyes, etc.) are discussed.

  14. Complexant stability investigation. Task 2. Organic complexants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, E.C.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The safety of high-level defense waste operations has always been given highest priority at the Hanford site. This document is part of the continued effort to appraise and reevaluate the safety of the waste stored in underground tanks on the Hanford Reservation. Hanford high-level defense waste consists mainly of moist, inorganic salts, NaNO/sub 3/, NaAl(OH)/sub 4/, Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, and other sodium salts. However, in addition to these salts, quantities of organic compounds constitute a significant portion of the waste. The potential reaction of the organic compounds with inorganic salts to form explosive substances is examined and found to be nonexistent or negligible. The concept that the waste mixture might react exothermically is found to be untenable under the present storage conditions. The phenomenon of slurry growth in double-shell waste storage tanks is expected to cause no increase in exothermic reaction potential within the waste. The results of this study indicate that the presence of organic material in the high-level defense waste does not constitute undue hazard under the present storage conditions.

  15. TMVOC, simulator for multiple volatile organic chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pruess, Karsten; Battistelli, Alfredo

    2003-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    TMVOC is a numerical simulator for three-phase non-isothermal flow of water, soil gas, and a multicomponent mixture of volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) in multidimensional heterogeneous porous media. It is an extension of the TOUGH2 general-purpose simulation program developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. TMVOC is designed for applications to contamination problems that involve hydrocarbon fuel or organic solvent spills in saturated and unsaturated zones. It can model contaminant behavior under ''natural'' environmental conditions, as well as for engineered systems, such as soil vapor extraction, groundwater pumping, or steam-assisted source remediation. TMVOC is upwards compatible with T2VOC (Falta et al., 1995) and can be initialized from T2VOC-style initial conditions. The main enhancements in TMVOC relative to T2VOC are as follows: a multicomponent mixture of volatile organic chemicals can be modeled; any and all combinations of the three phases water-oil-gas are treated; several non-condensible gases may be present; diffusion is treated in all phases in a manner that is fully coupled with phase partitioning. This paper gives a brief summary of the methodology used in TMVOC as well as highlighting some implementation issues. Simulation of a NAPL spill and subsequent remediation is discussed for a 2-D vertical section of a saturated-unsaturated flow problem.

  16. APRIL Results 1--Tiffin University Tiffin, OH 3:00 DH CCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chillicothe © Chillicothe, OH 1:00 W 7-0 9/10/11-- ORC State Tournament @ Clermont College 16/17/18-- ORC

  17. Policy driven development : SOA evolvability through late binding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demchak, Barry

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. (2006). Workflow Patterns in Orc. Coordination'06, volume95 2.6.3 ORCby the creators of the Orc [69] workflow orchestration

  18. Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Survey, 2003. Ministry of Health Kenya, and ORC Macro.Maryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro; 2004. Noor AM, Amin AA,

  19. Dartmouth College HANOVER NEW HAMPSHIRE 03755-3586 Office of Pluralism and Leadership, Native American Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    _campaign=DartmouthNAP&utm_content=157886900294782 976&ref=nf Registrar's Office Link to the ORC http://dartmouth.smartcatalogiq.com/2012/orc

  20. The (Hidden) Costs of Political Instability: Evidence from Kenya'?s 2007 Election Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupas, Pascaline; Robinson, Jon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ministry of Health, and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya DemographicMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [23] Chen, Li et al. (

  1. INST 1550-5: Social and Cultural Impacts of Video Games Amanda Cote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    "Live in Your World, Play in Ours" by David Leonard "Walk Like an Orc, Talk Like an Orc" by Chris Ritter

  2. Limited Insurance Within the Household: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Jonathan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Health (MOH), and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya Demographic andMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [10] Charness, Gary and

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - archaeal regulatory protein Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are homo- logous to eukaryotic factors and related only... -resolution models of ORC are currently available, structural studies of an archaeal Cdc6Orc1 protein have...

  4. Optimization of hybrid-water/air-cooled condenser in an enhanced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    air-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine geothermal ORC system Optimization of hybrid-waterair-cooled condenser in an enhanced turbine geothermal ORC system DOE Geothermal...

  5. Organic Tanks Safety Program: Advanced organic analysis FY 1996 progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Major focus during the first part of FY96 was to evaluate using organic functional group concentrations to screen for energetics. Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy would be useful screening tools for determining C-H and COO- organic content in tank wastes analyzed in a hot cell. These techniques would be used for identifying tanks of potential safety concern that may require further analysis. Samples from Tanks 241-C-106 and -C-204 were analyzed; the major organic in C-106 was B2EHPA and in C-204 was TBP. Analyses of simulated wastes were also performed for the Waste Aging Studies Task; organics formed as a result of degradation were identified, and the original starting components were monitored quantitatively. Sample analysis is not routine and required considerable methods adaptation and optimization. Several techniques have been evaluated for directly analyzing chelator and chelator fragments in tank wastes: matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection using Cu complexation. Although not directly funded by the Tanks Safety Program, the success of these techniques have implications for both the Flammable Gas and Organic Tanks Safety Programs.

  6. Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds and Oligomers in Secondary Organic Aerosol Formed by Photooxidation of Isoprene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Tran B.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Serguei

    2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrospray ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (ESI HR-MS) was used to probe molecular structures of oligomers in secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated in laboratory experiments on isoprene photooxidation at low- and high-NOx conditions. Up to 80-90% of the observed products are oligomers and up to 33% are nitrogen-containing organic compounds (NOC). We observe oligomers with up to 8 monomer units in length. Tandem mass spectrometry (MSn) confirms NOC compounds are organic nitrates and elucidates plausible chemical building blocks contributing to oligomer formation. Most organic nitrates are comprised of methylglyceric acid units. Other important multifunctional C2-C5 monomer units are identified including methylglyoxal, hydroxyacetone, hydroxyacetic acid, glycolaldehyde, and 2-methyltetrols. The majority of the NOC oligomers contain only one nitrate moiety resulting in a low average N:C ratio of 0.019. Average O:C ratios of the detected SOA compounds are 0.54 under the low-NOx conditions and 0.83 under the high-NOx conditions. Our results underscore the importance of isoprene photooxidation as a source of NOC in organic particulate matter.

  7. High-Performance Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Using ITO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Seng-Tiong

    High-Performance Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Using ITO Anodes Grown on Plastic by Room,* Mark E. Madsen, Antonio DiVenere, and Seng-Tiong Ho Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) fabricated

  8. Polymorphism control and the formation of organic molecular nanocrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaochuan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation of organic molecular nanocrystals is a topic of great interest in the pharmaceutical industry because of the potential increase in dissolution rate and solubility of organic crystals below 1 ptm and their ...

  9. Microbial production and consumption of marine dissolved organic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Jamie William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marine phytoplankton are the principal producers of oceanic dissolved organic matter (DOM), the organic substrate responsible for secondary production by heterotrophic microbes in the sea. Despite the importance of DOM in ...

  10. Conjugated Polymer Design and Engineering for Organic Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Claire Hoi Kar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in low-cost thin-film photovoltaic cells. Importantly, SubNcefficient organic photovoltaic cells with power conversionSubNc films in organic photovoltaic cells was evaluated in

  11. The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries. The Stability of Organic Solvents and Carbon Electrode in Nonaqueous Li-O2 Batteries....

  12. Request for Proposals in Organic & Sustainability Systems Research, Teaching & Outreach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Request for Proposals in Organic & Sustainability Systems Research, Teaching & Outreach Proposal at Cornell's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) requests proposals for innovative research, teaching and extension/outreach projects involving organics and sustainability in farm and food systems

  13. The Development of Semiconducting Materials for Organic Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Jessica D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    photovoltaics (OPVs) has led to a significant increase in their power conversion efficiencies (Photovoltaics…………………………..………1 Motivation and Current Technology………………………………………………………1 Organic Photovoltaic Device Operation and Structure……………………………………2 Characterization of Organic Photovoltaic Device Efficiency……………………………..

  14. White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reineke, Sebastian

    White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultrathin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the past decades, much research has been spent on finding suitable materials to realize ...

  15. 11.235 Analyzing Projects and Organizations, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tendler, Judith

    Organizations and their programs often seem, at first glance, chaotic and without order. Students embarking on evaluations and similar research, therefore, feel perplexed when faced with a live organization. This is because ...

  16. Electroluminescence in ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Shrivalli

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis reports the light emission in ion gel gated, thin film organic semiconductor transistors and investigates the light emission mechanism behind these devices. We report that ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors emit...

  17. Atmospheric processing of organic aerosols G. Barney Ellison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellison, Barney

    of an aqueous core that is encapsulated in an inert, hydrophobic organic monolayer. The organic materials important roles in climate and elsewhere through their interaction with solar and terrestrial radiation

  18. New organically templated photoluminescence iodocuprates(I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou Qin [College of Chemistry and Material Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018 (China); Zhao Jinjing [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Zhao Tianqi [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Jin Juan [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Yu Jiehui, E-mail: jiehuiyu@yahoo.com.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Xu Jiqing, E-mail: xjq@mail.jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two types of organic cyclic aliphatic diamine molecules piperazine (pip) and 1,3-bis(4-piperidyl)propane (bpp) were used, respectively, to react with an inorganic mixture of CuI and KI in the acidic CH{sub 3}OH solutions under the solvothermal conditions, generating finally three new organically templated iodocuprates as 2-D layered [(Hpip)Cu{sub 3}I{sub 4}] 1, 1-D chained [tmpip][Cu{sub 2}I{sub 4}] 2 (tmpip=N,N,N',N'-tetramethylpiperazinium) and dinuclear [H{sub 2}bpp]{sub 2}[Cu{sub 2}I{sub 5}] I.2H{sub 2}O 3. Note that the templating agent tmpip{sup 2+} in compound 2 originated from the in situ N-alkylation reaction between the pip molecule and the methanol solvent. The photoluminescence analysis indicates that the title compounds emit the different lights: yellow for 1, blue for 2 and yellow-green for 3, respectively. - Graphical abstract: The solvothermal self-assemblies of CuI, KI and pip/bpp in acidic CH{sub 3}OH solutions created three iodocuprates 2-D layered [(Hpip)Cu{sub 3}I{sub 4}] 1, 1-D chained [tmpip][Cu{sub 2}I{sub 4}] 2 and dinuclear [H{sub 2}bpp]{sub 2}[Cu{sub 2}I{sub 5}] I.2H{sub 2}O 3. Highlights: > A new layered iodocuprate(I) with 20-membered rings was hydrothermally prepared. > A simple approach to prepare the new organic templating agent was reported. > Photoluminescence analysis indicates the emission for iodocuprate(I) is associated with the Cu...Cu interactions.

  19. Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinke, P.J.; Stangenberger, A.G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Forestry and Resource Management; Post, W.M.; Emanual, W.R.; Olson, J.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the research presented in this package was to identify data that could be used to estimate the size of the soil organic carbon pool under relatively undisturbed soil conditions. A subset of the data can be used to estimate amounts of soil carbon storage at equilibrium with natural soil-forming factors. The magnitude of soil properties so defined is a resulting nonequilibrium values for carbon storage. Variation in these values is due to differences in local and geographic soil-forming factors. Therefore, information is included on location, soil nitrogen content, climate, and vegetation along with carbon density and variation.

  20. Organic photosensitive devices using subphthalocyanine compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rand, Barry (Princeton, NJ); Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI); Mutolo, Kristin L. (Hollywood, CA); Mayo, Elizabeth (Alhambra, CA); Thompson, Mark E. (Anaheim Hills, CA)

    2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic photosensitive optoelectronic device, having a donor-acceptor heterojunction of a donor-like material and an acceptor-like material and methods of making such devices is provided. At least one of the donor-like material and the acceptor-like material includes a subphthalocyanine, a subporphyrin, and/or a subporphyrazine compound; and/or the device optionally has at least one of a blocking layer or a charge transport layer, where the blocking layer and/or the charge transport layer includes a subphthalocyanine, a subporphyrin, and/or a subporphyrazine compound.