Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

THE RESIDENTIAL DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY BY TIME-OF-DAY .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of time-of-day (TOD) pricing as a load management tool for electric utilities has recently gained wide interest. Although utilities have successfully used TOD… (more)

Ott, Deborah Ann

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Puerto Rico time-of-day rates demonstration. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Puerto Rico Time of Day (TOD) electric rate demonstration project consists of three distinct studies: (A) Low usage customers (less than or equal to425 kWh per 30 consecutive days) are compared for a 12 hours peak period rate, against a control group of similar usage. (B) High usage customers (>425 kWh per 30 consecutive days) are assigned a single 12 hours peak period experimental rate. (C) High usage customers, assigned to a number of different experimental rates and compared against a control group (also used for B). For this group, peak period lengths are fixed at a specific six hour period and rates are allowed to vary. For comparative purposes a control group is included. As part of this experiment an entry and exit survey have been designed. The purpose of the surveys is to find out the changes in electric consumption stock and life style of the participants from the start to the end of the project. As participants were assigned to rates or control groups on a random basis, the emphasis of the entry survey analysis is to determine if there are any significant statistical differences among the selected participants.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Energy Productivity Via Time-of-Day Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prompted by a combination of PURPA and a national concern about electricity price and supply, many utilities now have in place industrial time-of-day electric rates. When properly designed, these rates present an opportunity for energy-intensive industrial customers to lower their cost of power while at the same time improving the load characteristics of their utility supplier. This paper examines the present state of time-of-day rates and discusses steps that Air Products is taking to maximize their electric use productivity.

Michael, R. S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Incentive payments in time-of-day electricity pricing experiments: the Arizona experience  

SciTech Connect

Time-of-day (TOD) demonstration projects have produced some of the most relevant evidence on the cost and benefit of TOD in the residential sector. The authors clarify an earlier analysis of Arizona's incentive scheme and find that homeowners treated the payments differently from regular income, but did not make significant shifts in total consumption as a result of TOD. 11 references, 6 tables. (DCK)

Hill, D.H.; Ott, D.A.; Taylor, L.D.; Walker, J.M.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Impacts of time-of-day on average electricity prices and utility load factors  

SciTech Connect

A degree of rationalism is brought to the rate debate between marginalist time of day advocates and embedded cost traditionalists by an empirical analysis. Studies show that neither side can claim victory. The results show that blanket statements cannot be made concerning the impacts of TOD in demand and load factor, and that rates reduce only slightly. This paper summarizes the impacts of marginal cost TOD rates on peak demand, generation, load factor, and the average price of electricity. The methodology includes calculation of marginal cost, prediction of effect of TOD on load shapes by means of a Load Curve Forecasting model, and a production costing model. A matrix shows that impacts of TOD rates on individual utilities will depend on the specific utility customer mix, load shape, and generation mix.

Chamberlin, J.H.; Dickson, C.T.; Spann, R.M.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Electric Utility Rate Design Study: embedded generation costs on a time-of-day basis for Iowa Southern Utilities Company  

SciTech Connect

This report develops a method for determining average embedded generation costs on a time-of-day basis and describes the application of the method to Iowa Southern Utilities. These costs are not allocated to customer classes. Since average embedded costs are composed of the running (or variable) costs and the capital costs, the analysis examines each of these separately. Running costs on a time-of-day basis are determined through the use of a generation dispatch model that reports the loadings by generating unit and the running costs of meeting the load. These costs are reported on an hour-by-hour basis. The dispatch model takes into account the operating characteristics of each unit and the major engineering constraints on a system; e.g., must-run units, minimum up and down time, startup cost. After reviewing several suggested capital-cost allocation procedures, a method is developed that allocates capital costs on a time-of-day basis by using a recontracting-for-capacity procedure that allows capacity to vary by hour for each month. The method results in allocations to customers who benefit from its use. An important and distinguishing feature of this method is that it allows calculation of the costs before rating periods are chosen.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Variable-response model of electricity demand by time of day: Results of a Wisconsin pricing experiment: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observationally alike households may differ in demand parameters and thus in economic quantities that are functions of those parameters. We have proposed a methodology for dealing with this variation. Estimation of both translog and CES versions of the model with data from the Wisconsin Electricity Pricing Experiment revealed considerable variation among households in time-of-day electricity consumption demand parameters for both summer and winter seasons and for several different definitions of the peak period. Observed household characteristics explained only a small share of total household differences, but permanent household differences dominated month-to-month variation in either expenditure shares or log consumption ratios in most cases. Permanent differences among households are important relative to total variation, including transitory month-to-month variation. We calculated various economic variables from the demand parameters, including the partial elasticity of substitution, compensated and uncompensated elasticities, and a measure of electricity expenditure under peak load pricing required to maintain the utility level under flat rate pricing relative to the flat rate expenditure. Because these are nonlinear functions of the household demand parameters, the mean parameter value over households with different demand parameters may be substantially different from the value of the function at mean values, under the representative household paradigm. For time-of-day electricity demand, variation among households is significant but small relative to mean parameter values. Therefore, controlling for the effect of household variation makes little difference in these mean calculations, but it does imply substantial variation among households in the welfare implications (and elasticities of response) of the introduction of time-of-day pricing. 25 refs., 12 tabs.

Lillard, L.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Regulatory Closure Options for the Residue in the Hanford Site Single-Shell Tanks  

SciTech Connect

Liquid, mixed, high-level radioactive waste (HLW) has been stored in 149 single-shell tanks (SSTS) located in tank farms on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford Site. The DOE is developing technologies to retrieve as much remaining HLW as technically possible prior to physically closing the tank farms. In support of the Hanford Tanks Initiative, Sandia National Laboratories has addressed the requirements for the regulatory closure of the radioactive component of any SST residue that may remain after physical closure. There is significant uncertainty about the end state of each of the 149 SSTS; that is, the nature and amount of wastes remaining in the SSTS after retrieval is uncertain. As a means of proceeding in the face of these uncertainties, this report links possible end-states with associated closure options. Requirements for disposal of HLW and low-level radioactive waste (LLW) are reviewed in detail. Incidental waste, which is radioactive waste produced incidental to the further processing of HLW, is then discussed. If the low activity waste (LAW) fraction from the further processing of HLW is determined to be incidental waste, then DOE can dispose of that incidental waste onsite without a license from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commissions (NRC). The NRC has proposed three Incidental Waste Criteria for determining if a LAW fraction is incidental waste. One of the three Criteria is that the LAW fraction should not exceed the NRC's Class C limits.

Cochran, J.R. Shyr, L.J.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

9

An Initial Evaluation Of Characterization And Closure Options For Underground Pipelines Within A Hanford Site Single-Shell Tank Farm  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site includes 149 single-shell tanks, organized in 12 'tank farms,' with contents managed as high-level mixed waste. The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order requires that one tank farm, the Waste Management Area C, be closed by June 30, 2019. A challenge to this project is the disposition and closure of Waste Management Area C underground pipelines. Waste Management Area C contains nearly seven miles of pipelines and 200 separate pipe segments. The pipelines were taken out of service decades ago and contain unknown volumes and concentrations of tank waste residuals from past operations. To understand the scope of activities that may be required for these pipelines, an evaluation was performed. The purpose of the evaluation was to identify what, if any, characterization methods and/or closure actions may be implemented at Waste Management Area C for closure of Waste Management Area C by 2019. Physical and analytical data do not exist for Waste Management Area C pipeline waste residuals. To develop estimates of residual volumes and inventories of contamination, an extensive search of available information on pipelines was conducted. The search included evaluating historical operation and occurrence records, physical attributes, schematics and drawings, and contaminant inventories associated with the process history of plutonium separations facilities and waste separations and stabilization operations. Scoping analyses of impacts to human health and the environment using three separate methodologies were then developed based on the waste residual estimates. All analyses resulted in preliminary assessments, indicating that pipeline waste residuals presented a comparably low long-term impact to groundwater with respect to soil, tank and other ancillary equipment residuals, but exceeded Washington State cleanup requirement values. In addition to performing the impact analyses, the assessment evaluated available sampling technologies and pipeline removal or treatment technologies. The evaluation accounted for the potential high worker risk, high cost, and schedule impacts associated with characterization, removal, or treatment of pipelines within Waste Management Area C for closure. This assessment was compared to the unknown, but estimated low, long-term impacts to groundwater associated with remaining waste residuals should the pipelines be left "as is" and an engineered surface barrier or landfill cap be placed. This study also recommended that no characterization or closure actions be assumed or started for the pipelines within Waste Management Area C, likewise with the premise that a surface barrier or landfill cap be placed over the pipelines.

Badden, Janet W. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States); Connelly, Michael P. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States); Seeley, Paul N. [Cenibark International, Inc., Kennewick (United States); Hendrickson, Michelle L. [Washington State Univ., Richland (United States). Dept. of Ecology

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cloud Formation and Time of Day  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

daytime or nighttime? Replies: Dena Daytime. If there is enough moisture in the air the Sun will heat the uneven land surface, unevenly, causing air currents that rise (because...

11

Retrieval options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Retrieval Options Study is part of the systems analysis activities of the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation to develop the scientific and technological bases for radioactive waste repositories in various geologic media. The study considers two waste forms, high level waste and spent fuel, and defines various classes of waste retrieval and recovery. A methodology and data base are developed which allow the relative evaluation of retrieval and recovery costs and the following technical criteria: safety; technical feasibility; ease of retrieval; probable intact retrieval time; safeguards; monitoring; criticality; and licensability. A total of 505 repository options are defined and the cost and technical criteria evaluated utilizing a combination of facts and engineering judgments. The repositories evaluated are selected combinations of the following parameters: Geologic Media (salt, granite, basalt, shale); Retrieval Time after Emplacement (5 and 25 years); Emplacement Design (nominal hole, large hole, carbon steel canister, corrosion resistant canister, backfill in hole, nominal sleeves, thick wall sleeves); Emplacement Configuration (single vertical, multiple vertical, single horizontal, multiple horizontal, vaults; Thermal Considerations; (normal design, reduced density, once-through ventilation, recirculated ventilation); Room Backfill; (none, run-of-mine, early, 5 year delay, 25 year delay, decommissioned); and Rate of Retrieval; (same as emplacement, variably slower depending on repository/canister condition).

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

OPTIONS for ENERGY EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPTIONS for ENERGY EFFICIENCY in EXISTING BUILDINGS December 2005 CEC-400-2005-039-CMF;OPTIONS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY in EXISTING BUILDINGS COMMISSION REPORT TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................iii California's Successful Energy Efficiency Programs

13

Natural Gas Purchasing Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a result of economic and regulatory changes, the natural gas marketplace now offers multiple options for purchasers. The purpose of this panel is to discuss short-term purchasing options and how to take advantage of these options both to lower energy costs and to secure supply.

Watkins, G.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Prepayment Funding Option  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prepayment Funding Option December 5, 2012 Prepayment Funding Meeting Prepayment Funding Presentation December 7, 2011 Prepayment Funding Meeting Prepayment Funding Process...

15

Optional Tour Program - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Logo. About the 1996 International Symposium on Extraction and Processing for the Treatment and Minimization of Wastes: Optional Tour Program  ...

16

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electricity Real Options Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

18

NREL: More Search Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Search Options More Search Options Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version The following options help you find information on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory site, locate NREL staff, browse publication and photograph collections, and see what hot topics other site visitors are looking for. Search the NREL Web Site Search Tip: use quotes to find exact phrases Example: "renewable energy" Tip: use plus signs to find results that contain all your search terms Example: +biodiesel +buses Search Help Find NREL Staff in the Employee Locator Search by first or last name: Search Select a search type Select your criteria Enter your search term Look at Recent Hot Topics Biomass HOMER (computer model) Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Jobs PVWATTS (software)

19

Nevada Transportatoion Options Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study performs a cost and schedule analysis of three Nevada Transportation options that support waste receipt at the repository. Based on the U.S. Department of Energy preference for rail transportation in Nevada (given in the Final Environmental Impact Statement), it has been assumed that a branch rail line would be constructed to support waste receipt at the repository. However, due to potential funding constraints, it is uncertain when rail will be available. The three Nevada Transportation options have been developed to meet a varying degree of requirements for transportation and to provide cost variations used in meeting the funding constraints given in the Technical Direction Letter guidelines for this study. The options include combinations of legal-weight truck, heavy-haul truck, and rail. Option 1 uses a branch rail line that would support initial waste receipt at the repository in 2010. Rail transportation would be the primary mode, supplemented by legal weight trucks. This option provides the highest level of confidence in cost and schedule, lowest public visibility, greatest public acceptability, lowest public dose, and is the recommended option for support of waste receipt. The completion of rail by 2010 will require spending approximately $800 million prior to 2010. Option 2 uses a phased rail approach to address a constrained funding scenario. To meet funding constraints, Option 2 uses a phased approach to delay high cost activities (final design and construction) until after initial waste receipt in 2010. By doing this, approximately 95 percent of the cost associated with completion of a branch rail line is deferred until after 2010. To support waste receipt until a branch rail line is constructed in Nevada, additional legal-weight truck shipments and heavy-haul truck shipments (on a limited basis for naval spent nuclear fuel) would be used to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as in Option 1. Use of heavy-haul shipments in the absence of rail is restricted to approximately twelve, without upgrading public highways. There is high uncertainty as to what road upgrades and security/escorts the Nevada Department of Transportation would require to obtain an overweight/overdimensional permit. In addition, the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program has indicated that a larger cask weight than that analyzed in the Final Environmental Impact Statement may be required for naval shipments, resulting in additional costs for heavy-haul transport. These uncertainties result in a high cost and schedule risk. Option 3 assumes that the start of rail construction will be delayed until after construction authorization is received from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Similar to Option 2, Option 3 uses legal-weight truck shipments and limited heavy haul truck shipments to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as Option 1, until rail becomes available. By using heavy-haul truck for two years, Option 3 contains the same uncertainties and resultant high cost and schedule risk as Option 2. The cost and schedule of legal-weight truck transport are not included in this report as that will be evaluated in the report on national transportation.

P. GEHNER; E.M. WEAVER; L. FOSSUM

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

20

Options Study - Phase II  

SciTech Connect

The Options Study has been conducted for the purpose of evaluating the potential of alternative integrated nuclear fuel cycle options to favorably address the issues associated with a continuing or expanding use of nuclear power in the United States. The study produced information that can be used to inform decisions identifying potential directions for research and development on such fuel cycle options. An integrated nuclear fuel cycle option is defined in this study as including all aspects of the entire nuclear fuel cycle, from obtaining natural resources for fuel to the ultimate disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) or radioactive wastes. Issues such as nuclear waste management, especially the increasing inventory of used nuclear fuel, the current uncertainty about used fuel disposal, and the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation have contributed to the reluctance to expand the use of nuclear power, even though it is recognized that nuclear power is a safe and reliable method of producing electricity. In this Options Study, current, evolutionary, and revolutionary nuclear energy options were all considered, including the use of uranium and thorium, and both once-through and recycle approaches. Available information has been collected and reviewed in order to evaluate the ability of an option to clearly address the challenges associated with the current implementation and potential expansion of commercial nuclear power in the United States. This Options Study is a comprehensive consideration and review of fuel cycle and technology options, including those for disposal, and is not constrained by any limitations that may be imposed by economics, technical maturity, past policy, or speculated future conditions. This Phase II report is intended to be used in conjunction with the Phase I report, and much information in that report is not repeated here, although some information has been updated to reflect recent developments. The focus in this Options Study was to identify any nuclear fuel cycle technology or option that may result in a significant beneficial impact to the issues as compared to the current U.S. approach of once-through use of nuclear fuel in LWRs or similar reactors followed by direct disposal of UNF. This approach was taken because incremental differences may be difficult to clearly identify and justify due to the large uncertainties that can be associated with the specific causes of the issues. Phase II of this Options Study continued the review of nuclear fuel cycle options that was initiated and documented during Phase I, concentrating on reviewing and summarizing the potential of integrated nuclear fuel cycles. However, based on the reviews of previous studies and available data, it was not always possible to clearly determine sufficiently large differences between the various fuel cycle and technology options for some of the issues or evaluation measures, for example, in cases where only incremental differences with respect to the issues might be achieved regardless of the fuel cycle option or technologies being considered, or where differences were insufficient to clearly rise above the uncertainties.

R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

rifsimp_options.html - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are three options for specification of pivot cleaning: nopiv perform ... fullclean. This is a shortcut specification for the clean options for rifsimp (see above).

22

Edit Test Options Page 1 Edit Test Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edit Test Options Page 1 Edit Test Options Format Test Information 1. Enter a Name for the Test. 2. Choose a color for the title text of the Test. (Optional) 3. Enter a Description in the Text Box. The description is visible to Students before they click on the link to take the Test. (Optional) 4. If you want

Xu, Shouhuai

23

Evaluating and selecting options for oil refit programs  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Oil Refit Program provides technical support for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Oil Conservation Marketing Demonstration Program implemented in several states (designed to accelerate the use of fuel saving devices and systems by homeowners). BNL assisted with the planning and implementation of the marketing and grants option phases for the New York State Pilot Marketing Demonstration Program and is monitoring the results. Additionally BNL planned, and is implementing, the Oil Refit Option Qualification Program involving procedures for evaluating refit options for selection, field testing, and quantifying fuel savings for the purpose of qualifying additional options for use in the DOE state and other marketing programs. The BNL approach for the evaluation of options on a comparative basis is shown and the potential for optimizing fuel savings by combining available single-choice refit options is examined. Also shown are the estimated fuel savings for each option installed.

Hoppe, R.; Graves, W.; Salzano, F.J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Lighting Options for Homes.  

SciTech Connect

This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

Baker, W.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The hydrogen hybrid option  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency of various piston engine options for series hybrid automobiles are compared with conventional, battery powered electric, and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell hybrid automobiles. Gasoline, compressed natural gas (CNG), and hydrogen are considered for these hybrids. The engine and fuel comparisons are done on a basis of equal vehicle weight, drag, and rolling resistance. The relative emissions of these various fueled vehicle options are also presented. It is concluded that a highly optimized, hydrogen fueled, piston engine, series electric hybrid automobile will have efficiency comparable to a similar fuel cell hybrid automobile and will have fewer total emissions than the battery powered vehicle, even without a catalyst.

Smith, J.R.

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Thermal test options  

SciTech Connect

Shipping containers for radioactive materials must be qualified to meet a thermal accident environment specified in regulations, such at Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 71. Aimed primarily at the shipping container design, this report discusses the thermal testing options available for meeting the regulatory requirements, and states the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. The principal options considered are testing with radiant heat, furnaces, and open pool fires. The report also identifies some of the facilities available and current contacts. Finally, the report makes some recommendations on the appropriate use of these different testing methods.

Koski, J.A.; Keltner, N.R.; Sobolik, K.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Pemex: Problems and Policy Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Studies University of California, Berkeley Pemex: Problems and Policy Options David Shields Independent Energy

Shields, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Idaho's Energy Options  

SciTech Connect

This report, developed by the Idaho National Laboratory, is provided as an introduction to and an update of the status of technologies for the generation and use of energy. Its purpose is to provide information useful for identifying and evaluating Idaho’s energy options, and for developing and implementing Idaho’s energy direction and policies.

Robert M. Neilson

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cogeneration System Design Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The commercial or industrial firm contemplating cogeneration at its facilities faces numerous basic design choices. The possibilities exist for fueling the system with waste materials, gas, oil, coal, or other combustibles. The choice of boiler, engine, turbine, generator, switchgear, and balance of plant can be bewildering. This paper presents an overview and a systematic approach to the basic system alternatives and attributes. The presentation illustrates how these options match the electrical and thermal needs of a firm, and what kind of operating economics and system paybacks have been achieved. Several cogeneration options are also illustrated to eliminate the problems and uncertainties of dealing with uninterested or non-cooperative utilities, as well as to minimize system costs.

Gilbert, J. S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The safeguards options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Safeguards Options Study was initiated to aid the International Safeguards Division (ISD) of the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in developing its programs in enhanced international safeguards. The goal was to provide a technical basis for the ISD program in this area. The Safeguards Options Study has been a cooperative effort among ten organizations. These are Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mound Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Sandia National Laboratories, and Special Technologies Laboratory. Much of the Motivation for the Safeguards Options Study is the recognition after the Iraq experience that there are deficiencies in the present approach to international safeguards. While under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at their declared facilities, Iraq was able to develop a significant weapons program without being noticed. This is because negotiated safeguards only applied at declared sites. Even so, their nuclear weapons program clearly conflicted with Iraq`s obligations under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as a nonnuclear weapon state.

Hakkila, E.A.; Mullen, M.F.; Olinger, C.T.; Stanbro, W.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Olsen, A.P.; Roche, C.T.; Rudolph, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bieber, A.M.; Lemley, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Filby, E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Option Analysis Option Analysis DOE and FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop January 25, 2005 Washington DC This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Tan-Ping Chen Nexant Jim Campbell Bhadra Grover Air Liquide Stefan Unnasch TIAX Glyn Hazelden GTI Graham Moore Chevron Matt Ringer NREL Ray Hobbs Pinnacle West 2 Presentation Outline Project Background Knowledge Collected and Preliminary Results for Each Delivery Option Summary of Observations Next Step Project Background Project Background 4 Delivery Options Option 1* GH delivery by new pipelines Option 2 Converting NG/oil pipelines for GH delivery Option 3 Blending GH into NG pipelines Option 4* GH tube trailers

32

Bounds for Asian basket options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose pricing bounds for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black and Scholes framework. We start from methods used for basket options and Asian options. First, we use the general approach for deriving upper ... Keywords: 60E15, 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Non-comonotonic sum, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michèle Vanmaele

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options Byand William A. Peters. Sustainable Energy: Choosing AmongAll the authors of Sustainable Energy are associated with

Mirza, Umar Karim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Montana, regulated electric utilities are required to offer customers the option of purchasing electricity generated by certified, environmentally-preferred resources that include, but are not...

36

AFCI Options Study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the background and framework for both organizing the discussion and providing information on the potential for nuclear energy R&D to develop alternative nuclear fuel cycles that would address the issues with the current implementations of nuclear power, including nuclear waste disposal, proliferation risk, safety, security, economics, and sustainability. The disposition of used fuel is the cause of many of the concerns, and the possible approaches to used fuel management identify a number of basic technology areas that need to be considered. The basic science in each of the technology areas is discussed, emphasizing what science is currently available, where scientific knowledge may be insufficient, and especially to identify specific areas where transformational discoveries may allow achievement of performance goals not currently attainable. These discussions lead to the wide range of technical options that have been the basis for past and current research and development on advanced nuclear fuel cycles in the United States. The results of this work are then briefly reviewed to show the extent to which such approaches are capable of addressing the issues with nuclear power, the potential for moving further, and the inherent limitations.

R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Window Strategy with Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The window strategy is one of several marketing strategies using futures and options to establish a floor price and allow for upside price potential. It also reduces option premium costs. This publication discusses how the window strategy works and when to use it.

McCorkle, Dean; Amosson, Stephen H.; Fausett, Marvin

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Pricing and hedging Asian basket spread options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asian options, basket options and spread options have been extensively studied in the literature. However, few papers deal with the problem of pricing general Asian basket spread options. This paper aims to fill this gap. In order to obtain prices and ... Keywords: 91G20, Asian basket spread option, Moment matching, Non-comonotonic sum, Shifted log-extended skew normal law

Griselda Deelstra; Alexandre Petkovic; Michèle Vanmaele

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The pro

40

Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability and Other Issues with ZigBee SEP Title Technical Options to Address Cyber Security, Interoperability and Other Issues...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 3.3.1 Distributed Generation Options17 3.3.2 Distributed Generation Modeling18 3.3.3 Distributed Generation Option Results and

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy Options Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Options & Solutions Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48103 Product Michigan-based alternative energy consultant. References Energy Options & Solutions1 LinkedIn...

43

Energy Options for the Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options Options for the Future * John Sheffield, 1 Stephen Obenschain, 2,12 David Conover, 3 Rita Bajura, 4 David Greene, 5 Marilyn Brown, 6 Eldon Boes, 7 Kathyrn McCarthy, 8 David Christian, 9 Stephen Dean, 10 Gerald Kulcinski, 11 and P.L. Denholm 11 This paper summarizes the presentations and discussion at the Energy Options for the Future meeting held at the Naval Research Laboratory in March of 2004. The presentations covered the present status and future potential for coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar, geo- thermal, and biomass energy sources and the effect of measures for energy conservation. The longevity of current major energy sources, means for resolving or mitigating environmental issues, and the role to be played by yet to be deployed sources, like fusion, were major topics of presentation and discussion. KEY WORDS: Energy; fuels; nuclear; fusion; efficiency; renewables.

44

Option pricing, maturity randomization and distributed computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We price discretely monitored options when the underlying evolves according to different exponential Levy processes. By geometric randomization of the option maturity, we transform the n-steps backward recursion that arises in option pricing into an ... Keywords: Discrete monitoring, Grid computing, Integral equations, Lévy processes, Option pricing

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Generating Profit Using Option Selling Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, option selling strategy is discussed which is different from traditional equity and commodity trading strategies. Option selling strategies can achieve various non-linear Profit & Loss (P&L) graphs instead of traditional linear P&L graph. ... Keywords: Option, trading strategy, option selling, straddle

Stanley Choi; Dong Gang; Kin Keung Lai

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Pawnee Nation Energy Option Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2003, the Pawnee Nation leadership identified the need for the tribe to comprehensively address its energy issues. During a strategic energy planning workshop a general framework was laid out and the Pawnee Nation Energy Task Force was created to work toward further development of the tribe’s energy vision. The overarching goals of the “first steps” project were to identify the most appropriate focus for its strategic energy initiatives going forward, and to provide information necessary to take the next steps in pursuit of the “best fit” energy options. Based on the request of Pawnee Nation’s Energy Task Force the research team, consisting Tribal personnel and Summit Blue Consulting, focused on a review of renewable energy resource development potential, funding sources and utility organizational along with energy savings options. Elements of the energy demand forecasting and characterization and demand side options review remained in the scope of work, but were only addressed at a high level. Description of Activities Performed Renewable Energy Resource Development Potential The research team reviewed existing data pertaining to the availability of biomass (focusing on woody biomass, agricultural biomass/bio-energy crops, and methane capture), solar, wind and hydropower resources on the Pawnee-owned lands. Using these data, combined with assumptions about costs and revenue streams, the research team performed preliminary feasibility assessments for each resource category. The research team also reviewed available funding resources and made recommendations to Pawnee Nation highlighting those resources with the greatest potential for financially-viable development, both in the near-term and over a longer time horizon. Energy Efficiency Options While this was not a major focus of the project, the research team highlighted common strategies for reducing energy use in buildings. The team also discussed the benefits of adopting a building energy code and introduced two model energy codes Pawnee Nation should consider for adoption. Summary of Current and Expected Future Electricity Usage The research team provided a summary overview of electricity usage patterns in current buildings and included discussion of known plans for new construction. Utility Options Review Pawnee Nation electric utility options were analyzed through a four-phase process, which included: 1) summarizing the relevant utility background information; 2) gathering relevant utility assessment data; 3) developing a set of realistic Pawnee electric utility service options, and 4) analyzing the various Pawnee electric utility service options for the Pawnee Energy Team’s consideration. III. Findings and Recommendations Due to a lack of financial incentives for renewable energy, particularly at the state level, combined mediocre renewable energy resources, renewable energy development opportunities are limited for Pawnee Nation. However, near-term potential exists for development of solar hot water at the gym, and an exterior wood-fired boiler system at the tribe’s main administrative building. Pawnee Nation should also explore options for developing LFGTE resources in collaboration with the City of Pawnee. Significant potential may also exist for development of bio-energy resources within the next decade. Pawnee Nation representatives should closely monitor market developments in the bio-energy industry, establish contacts with research institutions with which the tribe could potentially partner in grant-funded research initiatives. In addition, a substantial effort by the Kaw and Cherokee tribes is underway to pursue wind development at the Chilocco School Site in northern Oklahoma where Pawnee is a joint landowner. Pawnee Nation representatives should become actively involved in these development discussions and should explore the potential for joint investment in wind development at the Chilocco site.

Matlock, M.; Kersey, K.; Riding In, C.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments Solar Energy Option Requirement for Residential Developments < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Building Energy Code Provider New Jersey Department of Community Affairs In March 2009 New Jersey enacted legislation ([http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2008/Bills/PL09/33_.PDF A.B. 1558]) designed to support the integration of solar energy systems into new residential developments. The law requires that, whenever "technically feasible", developers of residential developments with 25 or more dwelling units (i.e., single-family residences) offer to install or provide for the

48

Hydrogen Delivery Options and Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options and Issues Options and Issues Mark Paster DOE August, 2006 Scope * From the end point of central or distributed production (300 psi H2) to and including the dispenser at a refueling station or stationary power site - GH2 Pipelines and Trucks, LH2 Trucks, Carriers <$1.00/kg of Hydrogen by 2017 Hydrogen Delivery H2 Delivery Current Status * Technology - GH2 Tube Trailers: ~340 kg, ~2600 psi - LH2 Trucks: ~3900 kg - Pipelines: up to 1500 psi (~630 miles in the U.S.) - Refueling Site Operations (compression, storage dispensing): Demonstration projects * Cost (Does NOT include refueling Site Operations) - Trucks: $4-$12/kg - Pipeline: <$2/kg H2A Analysis * Consistent, comparable, transparent approach to hydrogen production and delivery cost analysis * Excel spreadsheet tools with common economic

49

Depleted uranium disposal options evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, has chartered a study to evaluate alternative management strategies for depleted uranium (DU) currently stored throughout the DOE complex. Historically, DU has been maintained as a strategic resource because of uses for DU metal and potential uses for further enrichment or for uranium oxide as breeder reactor blanket fuel. This study has focused on evaluating the disposal options for DU if it were considered a waste. This report is in no way declaring these DU reserves a ``waste,`` but is intended to provide baseline data for comparison with other management options for use of DU. To PICS considered in this report include: Retrievable disposal; permanent disposal; health hazards; radiation toxicity and chemical toxicity.

Hertzler, T.J.; Nishimoto, D.D.; Otis, M.D. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Waste Management Technology Div.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Exotic options under Lévy models: An overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we overview the pricing of several so-called exotic options in the nowadays quite popular exponential Levy models. Keywords: Exotic options, Financial derivatives, Lèvy processes

Wim Schoutens

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

The new option view of investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides a simple introduction to the new option view of investment. We explain the shortcomings of the orthodox theory, and then outline the basic ideas behind the option framework. Several industry examples ...

Dixit, Avinash K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Baldrige, Six Sigma, & ISO:? Understanding Your Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baldrige, Six Sigma, & ISO: Understanding Your Options. CEO Issue Sheet. How do you choose among the performance ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the results of a survey of energy conservation options applicable to distillation processes. Over twenty such options were identified, and eight of these were selected for detailed presentation. These options were chosen on the basis of good economics, applicability to retrofit situations, and/or the use of novel technology.

Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Pawnee Nation Energy Option Analyses  

SciTech Connect

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma Energy Option Analyses In 2003, the Pawnee Nation leadership identified the need for the tribe to comprehensively address its energy issues. During a strategic energy planning workshop a general framework was laid out and the Pawnee Nation Energy Task Force was created to work toward further development of the tribe’s energy vision. The overarching goals of the “first steps” project were to identify the most appropriate focus for its strategic energy initiatives going forward, and to provide information necessary to take the next steps in pursuit of the “best fit” energy options. Description of Activities Performed The research team reviewed existing data pertaining to the availability of biomass (focusing on woody biomass, agricultural biomass/bio-energy crops, and methane capture), solar, wind and hydropower resources on the Pawnee-owned lands. Using these data, combined with assumptions about costs and revenue streams, the research team performed preliminary feasibility assessments for each resource category. The research team also reviewed available funding resources and made recommendations to Pawnee Nation highlighting those resources with the greatest potential for financially-viable development, both in the near-term and over a longer time horizon. Findings and Recommendations Due to a lack of financial incentives for renewable energy, particularly at the state level, combined mediocre renewable energy resources, renewable energy development opportunities are limited for Pawnee Nation. However, near-term potential exists for development of solar hot water at the gym, and an exterior wood-fired boiler system at the tribe’s main administrative building. Pawnee Nation should also explore options for developing LFGTE resources in collaboration with the City of Pawnee. Significant potential may also exist for development of bio-energy resources within the next decade. Pawnee Nation representatives should closely monitor market developments in the bio-energy industry, establish contacts with research institutions with which the tribe could potentially partner in grant-funded research initiatives. In addition, a substantial effort by the Kaw and Cherokee tribes is underway to pursue wind development at the Chilocco School Site in northern Oklahoma where Pawnee is a joint landowner. Pawnee Nation representatives should become actively involved in these development discussions and should explore the potential for joint investment in wind development at the Chilocco site. Financial incentives for project development are generally structured to provide tribes with access to conventional financing mechanisms. Grant funding for project construction is currently difficult to obtain. Substantial new opportunities for bio-fuel development may exist in the next few years with passage of the 2007 Farm Bill, and through opportunities made available through Oklahoma’s new Bio-energy Center. A review of potential alternatives to Pawnee Nation’s current electricity supply scenario revealed that a range of options could be viable. These include the following scenarios: business as usual, alternative supply, negotiate lower rates with City of Pawnee, focus on reducing energy usage, develop electric utility organization. Under any circumstances, Pawnee Nation should purse strategies to reduce energy usage, as this is the simplest means of reducing electric costs and environmental impacts. The research team also recommends that Pawnee Nation initiate some focused discussions with the City of Pawnee, with GRDA, and with IEC to discuss its wholesale supply purchase options. These discussions will better inform the Pawnee Energy Team of the specific pros and cons of its wholesale power supply options, and will assist the Team’s broader decision-making on utility-related issues. The ultimate path chosen by Pawnee Nation will depend on further consideration of priorities and potential barriers by Pawnee Nation’s Energy Team.

Matlock, M.; Kersey, K.; Riding In, C.

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

55

RCS program evaluation plan options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Residential Conservation Service (RCS) Program evaluation plan is designed to provide an ongoing evaluation during the RCS Program's active period as well as a measurement of the RCS Program's cumulative effect after the program's termination. The study options described include utility case studies, random survey sampling, directed survey sampling, and remote data collection. Survey techniques are described and appropriate questions are suggested. Several sample selection criteria are included as background for a DOE policy decision on this issue. Present and anticipated data sources are listed and discussed. Statistical data analysis plans include a preliminary determination of required sample sizes.

Stovall, T.K.; Bayne, C.K.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Climate Financing Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Options Financing Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Financing Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank Sector: Climate Focus Area: People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Language: English References: Climate Finance Options[1] New climate finance tool for developing countries[2] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial

57

New Energy Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options Options Jump to: navigation, search Name New Energy Options Place Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil Sector Wind energy Product Belo Horizonte-based wind farm developer and independent electric energy producer. References New Energy Options[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Energy Options is a company located in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil . References ↑ "New Energy Options" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=New_Energy_Options&oldid=349161" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

58

Forecasting future volatility from option prices, Working  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weisbach are gratefully acknowledged. I bear full responsibility for all remaining errors. Forecasting Future Volatility from Option Prices Evidence exists that option prices produce biased forecasts of future volatility across a wide variety of options markets. This paper presents two main results. First, approximately half of the forecasting bias in the S&P 500 index (SPX) options market is eliminated by constructing measures of realized volatility from five minute observations on SPX futures rather than from daily closing SPX levels. Second, much of the remaining forecasting bias is eliminated by employing an option pricing model that permits a non-zero market price of volatility risk. It is widely believed that option prices provide the best forecasts of the future volatility of the assets which underlie them. One reason for this belief is that option prices have the ability to impound all publicly available information – including all information contained in the history of past prices – about the future volatility of the underlying assets. A second related reason is that option pricing theory maintains that if an option prices fails to embody optimal forecasts of the future volatility of the underlying asset, a profitable trading strategy should be available whose implementation would push the option price to the level that reflects the best possible forecast of future volatility.

Allen M. Poteshman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options for Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers Ravi K. Srivastava and Robert E. Hall U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Research Triangle Park, NC Sikander Khan and Kevin Culligan U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, Clean Air Markets Division, Washington, DC Bruce W. Lani U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Environmental Projects Division, Pittsburgh, PA ABSTRACT Recent regulations have required reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) from electric utility boilers. To comply with these regulatory requirements, it is increas- ingly important to implement state-of-the-art NO x con- trol technologies on coal-fired utility boilers. This paper reviews NO x control

60

Hydrogen Production Infrastructure Options Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Production Infrastructure Options Analysis January 26, 2006 Brian D. James Julie Perez Peter Schmidt (703) 243 - 3383 Brian_James@DirectedTechnologies.com Directed Technologies, Inc. Page 1 of 39 26 January 2006 2006-1-26 DOE Transition Workshop Agenda 1. Project Description and Objective 2. Team Members 3. Approach 4. Model Theory, Structure and Assumptions 5. Model Description 1. Logic 2. Features 3. Cost Components (Production, Delivery & Dispensing) 6. Los Angeles Transitional Example 7. Model Flexibility Page 2 of 39 26 January 2006 2006-1-26 DOE Transition Workshop Team Members & Interactions Start: May 2005 (effective) End: Summer 2007 * Directed Technologies, Inc.- Prime * Sentech, Inc., Research Partner * Air Products, Industrial Gas Supplier * Advisory Board * Graham Moore, Chevron Technology Ventures

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Real options valuation in energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Real options have been widely applied to analyze investment planning and asset valuation under uncertainty in many industries, especially energy markets. Because of their close… (more)

Zhou, Jieyun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Microsoft Word - Accommodates All Generation Storage Options...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13 v 3.0 Accommodates All Generation and Storage Options 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The smart grid is defined by its seven principal characteristics. One of those characteristics...

63

Real options "in" projects and systems design : identification of options and solutions for path dependency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a comprehensive approach to identify and deal with real options in" projects, that is, those real options (flexibility) that are integral parts of the technical design. It represents a first attempt ...

Wang, Tao, 1973-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Designating required vs. optional input fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a study comparing different techniques for visually distingishing required from optional input fields in a form-filling application. Seven techniques were studied: no indication, bold field labels, chevrons in front of the labels, ... Keywords: data input, optional fields, required fields, visual design

Thomas S. Tullis; Ana Pons

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Combining Financial Double Call Options with Real Options for Early Curtailment of Electricity Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining Financial Double Call Options with Real Options for Early Curtailment of Electricity@IEOR.Berkeley.edu Abstract In a competitive electricity market traditional demand side management options offering customers curtailable service at reduced rates are replaced by voluntary customer responses to electricity spot prices

67

Climate Finance Options Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Finance Options Platform Climate Finance Options Platform Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Finance Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Climate Finance Options Screenshot References: CFO[1] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial options available for climate action in developing countries. Here you can find information on where to access the wide range of funds available from multilateral and bilateral institution, as well as public and private sources. Learn more on how these funds are governed and whether your project is eligible. Users are invited to be a resource to share their

68

Local Option - Special Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Solar Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

69

Pricing and hedging a barrier option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barrier options are options where the payoff depends on whether the underlying asset's price reaches a certain level during a certain period of time. This path-dependency makes these options difficult to manage in practice. In this work, general methods of pricing and hedging are proposed. General properties of the Black - Scholes model are studied. Three methods of pricing are discussed and compared. Hedging issues are analyzed. Finally an improvement of the Black - Scholes model for the stock's price is proposed to take into account the stochastic aspect of the stock price volatility.

Bogossian, Alan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Options for Handling Noncombustion Waste: Third Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities produce a wide variety of noncombustion wastes from generating and distributing electricity as well as from associated support operations. This manual addresses the management of 23 utility noncombustion wastes and describes options for managing these wastes.

1995-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

71

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4. Option Value of a Thermal Energy Storage System for 5counter Real-time Prices Thermal Energy Storage vii Abstractfor the day, operating thermal energy storage overnight for

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Transportation Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation SLAC and Stanford can be reached by a variety of transportation options. There are many resources to help you plan your trip to and around SLAC and Stanford. The...

73

New England Wind Forum: More Search Options  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT More Search Options New England Wind Forum Site...

74

Adaptive genetic programming for option pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Genetic Programming (GP) is an automated computational programming methodology, inspired by the workings of natural evolution techniques. It has been applied to solve complex problems in multiple domains including finance. This paper illustrates the ... Keywords: enetic programming, options pricing

Zheng Yin; Anthony Brabazon; Conall O'Sullivan

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Optimization Online - Option - Alloction funds- Transaction costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 18, 2009 ... Tests on portfolio efficiency concern, at first time, a long-term investor with Out- The-Country options and strike prices are approximate by a ...

76

Energy, Product, and Economic Implications of Environmental Compliance Options- A Southern California Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial plants that are faced with regulated emissions constraints may also have a complex array of compliance options from which to choose. Technology options may include a number of pollution control alternatives: retrofits with more efficient equipment, fuel switching and/or process change to electrotechnologies, or advanced gas-fueled technologies. In some cases, a plant may be able to purchase emissions reduction credits (ERCs) in lieu of changing equipment, as would be the case in Southern California if the proposed RECLAIM regulations are adopted. In such cases, ERCs could also be sold by plants that achieve emissions reductions, offsetting the costs of their technology investments. This paper explores an exhaustive list of compliance options for a single industry, describing how to collect data and compare options in terms of costs, commercial availability, and impacts on energy use, emissions, plant throughput or productivity, product quality control, and other characteristics relevant to selecting an option to implement. We discuss how the options are assembled into an array of coping strategies for environmental compliance. This work is part of an ongoing project to develop a database of regulations and technology options. (A major Southern California industry, in terms of energy use and emissions, will be selected in October and the work completed in December, in preparation for a broadened scope to the entire industrial sector.)

Kyricopoulos, P. F.; Dennison, W. J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

PRICING A CLASS OF EXOTIC OPTIONS VIA MOMENTS AND SDP ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which have been considered in the interest rate and the real option theories. In fact, any ... Here, T > 0 is the option's maturity time, K is the option's strike price,.

78

DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP January 18, 2005 -...

79

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Field Study Title Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...

80

Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP). ICC Staff...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy State Policy Options for Renewable Energy Matthew H. Brown Energy Program Director National Conference of State Legislatures. September...

82

State Policy Options for Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Options for Renewable Energy State Policy Options for Renewable Energy Matthew H. Brown Energy Program Director National Conference of State Legislatures. September 2003...

83

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry Title Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in...

84

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and...

85

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Title Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Publication Type Report...

86

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenge. Hydrogen energy storage density has been steadilya Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and Systema Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, J; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters Title Payback Analysis of Design Options for Residential Water Heaters Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number...

88

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary This...

89

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government...

90

Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed....

91

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a key challenge. Hydrogen energy storage density has beena Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and Systema Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, J; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Real options in information technology risk management: an empirical validation of risk-option relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, an option-based risk management (OBRiM) framework has been proposed to control risk and maximize value in information technology investment decisions. While the framework is prescriptive in nature, its core logic rests on a set of normative ... Keywords: IT investment, real options, risk, risk management

Michel Benaroch; Yossi Lichtenstein; Karl Robinson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 New Search Options in PeopleSoft 9 To view or update data search box page. Person ID (or just ID) is often the default key criterion. If you enter nothing and click OK, the system searches for all records with IDs. However, because all records have IDs, the list

McConnell, Terry

94

Monitoring conservative retrofits in single family buildings  

SciTech Connect

This study has provided detailed before-and-after information on the ambient and comfort conditions in nine single family buildings, and on the energy consumption of those buildings, for one or more energy conservation retrofits. The data were recorded in such a manner that as well as being able to determine the savings from the retrofits and the influence these retrofits have on the comfort conditions of the residence, the effects of the retrofits on time-of-day usage are also determinable. The following are included in appendices: a table of participant's names, site addresses and retrofit; significant dates and appropriate comments; a day of data and an annotated data set; pre-retrofit and post-retrofit audit data sheets; and usage history.

Richardson, C.S.

1992-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

95

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Policy Options Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Elizabeth Doris Technical Report NREL/TP-7A30-52576 September 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Elizabeth Doris Prepared under Task No(s). IDNO.1030 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A30-52576 September 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

96

High-Power Options for LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

The LANSCE linear accelerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory has a long history of successful beam operations at 800 kW. We have recently studied options for restoration of high-power operations including approaches for increasing the performance to multi-MW levels. In this paper we will discuss the results of this study including the present limitations of the existing accelerating structures at LANSCE, and the high-voltage and RF systems that drive them. Several options will be discussed and a preferred option will be presented that will enable the first in a new generation of scientific facilities for the materials community. The emphasis of this new facility is 'Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes' (MaRIE) which will be used to discover and design the advanced materials needed to meet 21st century national security and energy security challenges.

Garnett, Robert W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Disposition options for {sup 233}U  

SciTech Connect

The United States is implementing a program to dispose of excess nuclear-weapons-usable materials--including {sup 233}U. A series of studies have identified multiple {sup 233}U disposition options, and these options are described herein. Most of the options involve adding depleted uranium containing {sup 238}U to the {sup 233}U. Converting the {sup 233}U into a mixture of <12 wt % {sup 233}U in {sup 238}U converts the weapons-usable {sup 233}U into nonweapons-usable {sup 233}U. For {sup 233}U that is considered waste, further isotopic dilution to <0.66 wt % {sup 233}U in {sup 238}U minimizes potential long-term repository criticality concerns and in many cases minimizes final waste volumes.

Forsberg, C.W.; Icenhour, A.S.; Krichinsky, A.M.

1998-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

98

Screen payback on cogeneration-system options  

SciTech Connect

Presented here are charts that provide a quick look at the relationship among the primary variables that affect the viability of a cogeneration project. The graphs are not intended to be complete feasibility studies, but rather screening aids for understanding the important interrelationships. Use of the charts will enable engineers to compare the predominant system options: gas turbine with heat-recovery steam generator (HRSG), diesel engine with HRSG, and fired boiler with steam turbine. The three options are presented separately because of differing capital costs and heat balances.

Wilson, F.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Hydrogen Production: Overview of Technology Options, January 2009  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Overview of technology options for hydrogen production, its challenges and reserach needs and next steps

100

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11 Option B: The program is organized by t Spanish Institute and the Asso program on renewable energy will provide students with advanced knowledge. opportunities: option A- two renewable energies; option B include on-site visits to renewable energy generation

Simaan, Nabil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

External Costs Associated to Electricity Generation Options in Brazil  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses external costs associated with electricity generation options in Brazil.

Jacomino, V.M.F.; Arrone, I.D.; Albo, J.; Grynberg, S.; Spadaro, J.

2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

102

Pricing Discretely Monitored Asian Options by Maturity Randomization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new methodology based on maturity randomization to price discretely monitored arithmetic Asian options when the underlying asset evolves according to a generic Lévy process. Our randomization technique considers the option expiry ... Keywords: Asian option, Lévy process, discrete monitoring, fast Fourier transform, integral equation, option pricing, quadrature formula

Gianluca Fusai; Daniele Marazzina; Marina Marena

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites ACT: http: http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/prep_one/test.html http://www.number2.com://testprep.princetonreview.com/CourseSearch/Search.aspx?itemCode=17&productType=F&rid=1&zip=803 02 Test Prep Classes Front Range Community College: Classes

Stowell, Michael

104

Advanced ignition options for laser ICF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Rochester and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory #12;FSC · With day-one hardware, the NIF can explore high-gain shock ignition - Polar Shock Ignition (uses half the NIF beams to drive the implosion: multi-FM or 2D-SSD (talk by J. Soures at this meeting) The NIF can explore advanced ignition options

105

Finding the cheapest Clean power options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Speculation about why policies favor high-cost low-carbon generation options could fill a book. Vested interests? Lack of knowledge? Industry lobbying? Cost-plus regulatory mentality? Regardless of reasons, the data show that efficient generation that uses energy twice is largely ignored. While all other generation, both clean and dirty, receives large subsidies, energy recycling is ignored. (author)

Casten, Thomas R.; Smith, Jeffrey A.

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Waste disposal options report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the potential options for the processing and disposal of mixed waste generated by reprocessing spent nuclear fuel at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. It compares the proposed waste-immobilization processes, quantifies and characterizes the resulting waste forms, identifies potential disposal sites and their primary acceptance criteria, and addresses disposal issues for hazardous waste.

Russell, N.E.; McDonald, T.G.; Banaee, J.; Barnes, C.M.; Fish, L.W.; Losinski, S.J.; Peterson, H.K.; Sterbentz, J.W.; Wenzel, D.R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Defined Contribution Retirement Plan Fund Option Enhancements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TIAA-CREF Fidelity Investments Peter Crehan Consultant ­ Field Consulting Group TIAA-CREF #12;Agenda I will provide an overview of how enhanced fund options will benefit plan participants VI. Fidelity and TIAA Managing Consultant | Institutional Relationships TIAA-CREF I Financial Division of Human Resources

Salama, Khaled

108

NEXT GENERATION MELTER OPTIONEERING STUDY - INTERIM REPORT  

SciTech Connect

The next generation melter (NOM) development program includes a down selection process to aid in determining the recommended vitrification technology to implement into the WTP at the first melter change-out which is scheduled for 2025. This optioneering study presents a structured value engineering process to establish and assess evaluation criteria that will be incorporated into the down selection process. This process establishes an evaluation framework that will be used progressively throughout the NGM program, and as such this interim report will be updated on a regular basis. The workshop objectives were achieved. In particular: (1) Consensus was reached with stakeholders and technology providers represented at the workshop regarding the need for a decision making process and the application of the D{sub 2}0 process to NGM option evaluation. (2) A framework was established for applying the decision making process to technology development and evaluation between 2010 and 2013. (3) The criteria for the initial evaluation in 2011 were refined and agreed with stakeholders and technology providers. (4) The technology providers have the guidance required to produce data/information to support the next phase of the evaluation process. In some cases it may be necessary to reflect the data/information requirements and overall approach to the evaluation of technology options against specific criteria within updated Statements of Work for 2010-2011. Access to the WTP engineering data has been identified as being very important for option development and evaluation due to the interface issues for the NGM and surrounding plant. WRPS efforts are ongoing to establish precisely data that is required and how to resolve this Issue. It is intended to apply a similarly structured decision making process to the development and evaluation of LAW NGM options.

GRAY MF; CALMUS RB; RAMSEY G; LOMAX J; ALLEN H

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fast Spectrum Molten Salt Reactor Options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During 2010, fast-spectrum molten-salt reactors (FS-MSRs) were selected as a transformational reactor concept for light-water reactor (LWR)-derived heavy actinide disposition by the Department of Energy-Nuclear Energy Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) program and were the subject of a preliminary scoping investigation. Much of the reactor description information presented in this report derives from the preliminary studies performed for the ARC project. This report, however, has a somewhat broader scope-providing a conceptual overview of the characteristics and design options for FS-MSRs. It does not present in-depth evaluation of any FS-MSR particular characteristic, but instead provides an overview of all of the major reactor system technologies and characteristics, including the technology developments since the end of major molten salt reactor (MSR) development efforts in the 1970s. This report first presents a historical overview of the FS-MSR technology and describes the innovative characteristics of an FS-MSR. Next, it provides an overview of possible reactor configurations. The following design features/options and performance considerations are described including: (1) reactor salt options-both chloride and fluoride salts; (2) the impact of changing the carrier salt and actinide concentration on conversion ratio; (3) the conversion ratio; (4) an overview of the fuel salt chemical processing; (5) potential power cycles and hydrogen production options; and (6) overview of the performance characteristics of FS-MSRs, including general comparative metrics with LWRs. The conceptual-level evaluation includes resource sustainability, proliferation resistance, economics, and safety. The report concludes with a description of the work necessary to begin more detailed evaluation of FS-MSRs as a realistic reactor and fuel cycle option.

Gehin, Jess C [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Flanagan, George F [ORNL; Patton, Bruce W [ORNL; Howard, Rob L [ORNL; Harrison, Thomas J [ORNL

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Exotic electricity options and the valuation of electricity generation and transmission assets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: capacity valuation, electricity derivatives, electricity futures contract, exchange option, mean reversion, real options, spark spread

Shi-Jie Deng; Blake Johnson; Aram Sogomonian

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Energy Efficiency Programs:Energy Efficiency Programs: Administration and Governance OptionsAdministration and Governance Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency Programs:Energy Efficiency Programs: Administration and Governance Options Energy Efficiency programs?deliver Energy Efficiency programs? · General Administration and Coordination and Renewables Programs Board of Directors Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance Regional Market Transformation

112

Investigation of Neptunium Precipitator Cleanout Options  

SciTech Connect

Oxalate precipitation followed by filtration is used to prepare plutonium oxalate. Historically, plutonium oxalate has tended to accumulate in the precipitation tanks. These solids are periodically removed by flushing with concentrated (64 percent) nitric acid. The same precipitation tanks will now be used in the processing of neptunium. Literature values indicate that neptunium oxalate may not be as soluble as plutonium oxalate in nitric acid. Although a wide variety of options is available to improve neptunium oxalate solubility for precipitator flushing, most of these options are not practical for use. Many of these options require the use of incompatible or difficult to handle chemicals. Other options would require expensive equipment modifications or are likely to lead to product contamination. Based on review of literature and experimental results, the two best options for flushing the precipitator are (1) 64 percent nitric acid and (2) addition of sodium permanganate follow ed by sodium nitrite. Nitric acid is the easiest option to implement. It is already used in the facility and will not lead to product contamination. Experimental results indicate that neptunium oxalate can be dissolved in concentrated nitric acid (64 percent) at 60 degree C to a concentration of 2.6 to 5.6 grams of Np/liter after at least three hours of heating. A lower concentration (1.1 grams of Np/liter) was measured at 60 degree C after less than two hours of heating. These concentrations are acceptable for flushing if precipitator holdup is low (approximately 100-250 grams), but a second method is required for effective flushing if precipitator holdup is high (approximately 2 kilograms). The most effective method for obtaining higher neptunium concentrations is the use of sodium permanganate followed by the addition of sodium nitrite. There is concern that residual manganese from these flushes could impact product purity. Gas generation during permanganate addition is also a concern. Experimental results indicate that a solubility of at least 40 grams of Np/liter can be obtained using permanganate at ambient temperature, although it is expected that even higher neptunium concentrations can be achieved.

Hill, B.C.

2003-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

113

Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Power of Experience The Power of Experience Final Report Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-05GO15032 Project director/principal investigator: Tan-Ping Chen Consortium/teaming Partners: Air Liquide, Chevron Technology Venture, Gas Technology Institute, NREL, Tiax, ANL Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis ii TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................... 1-1 1.1 HOW THE RESEARCH ADDS TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE AREA INVESTIGATED. 1-1 1.2 TECHNICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF THE METHODS OR TECHNIQUES INVESTIGATED OR DEMONSTRATED .................................................... 1-1 1.3 HOW THE PROJECT IS OF BENEFIT TO THE PUBLIC..................................................... 1-1

114

Solar Photovoltaics Expanding Electric Generation Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and others have demonstrated that a broad portfolio of cost-competitive supply technologies will be needed to satisfy the world's rising demands for energy while meeting climate policy and other societal objectives. Solar energy is a particularly attractive renewable energy option because it is well distributed and abundant over most of the earth's surface. This White Paper reviews the status of PV technology and markets, the potential for evolutionary and revolutionary technology advances, the iss...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

Assessing Renewable Energy Options | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessing Renewable Energy Options Assessing Renewable Energy Options Assessing Renewable Energy Options October 16, 2013 - 5:16pm Addthis Preliminary Screening with an arrow pointing down to Screening. Square with the text planning in the center. A graphic of an arrow pointing down to Feasibility Study. The word Screening appears on the arrow. A square graphic showing the text Programming: Planning Charette and it's aligned to the right of arrow pointing down which reads Screening. An arrow pointing down which reads Feasibility Study. The arrow points to Size and Design Systems. A square graphic with the text Building Design: Schematic Design (35%) shown to the right of an arrow pointing down which reads Feasibility Study. An arrow pointing down which reads Size and Design Systems. This is the last of 4 arrows which show the progression from Preliminary Screening to Screening to Feasibility Study to Size and Design Systems. A square graphic which reads Building Design: Design Development (65%). This is the last of 4 boxes.

116

Power Supply Options for Data Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Supply Options for Data Centers Power Supply Options for Data Centers Title Power Supply Options for Data Centers Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-63339 Year of Publication 2007 Authors Tschudi, William F., and Charles H. Williams Call Number LBNL-63339 Abstract For many federal facilities, the fastest growing end-use of electric energy is found in concentrations of computing capacity commonly known as data centers. For these users, the critical importance of information processing to their agency mission will present a serious challenge to meeting the aggressive new energy efficiency goals in Executive Order 13423. Federal energy managers can find a variety of methods for reducing energy intensity, in both design and operations, for these high-technology facilities . This report summarizes a recent demonstration of one such technique ? configuring power supply systems for data centers so that they use DC (direct current) power throughout, eliminating the conventional practice of multiple conversions from utility-supplied AC (alternating current) to DC and back again at every stage of the power supply system. This eliminates both the power loss and heat generated by each such conversion (which drives air conditioning energy use).

117

NREL: Financing Geothermal Power Projects - Financing Options for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Options for Geothermal Power Projects Financing Options for Geothermal Power Projects Different financing options are used at each stage in geothermal power project development, which include the exploration and drilling stage and construction and operation stage. The financing option in each stage earns a return proportionate with the risk accepted at that stage in the project's development. For each financing option, both financial and non-financial elements should be considered. Financing options and considerations for a typical geothermal power project are shown in the table below. Your project financing options and considerations may be different. Financing Options and Considerations for a Typical Geothermal Power Project* Financial Considerations Financing Stage Exploration and Drilling Construction and Operation

118

Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The delivery option in mortgage backed security valuation simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A delivery option exists in mortgage-backed security market, which has not been considered in existing mortgage pricing simulation literature. We explain the delivery option in the "To Be Announced" trade. We discuss how the presence of the delivery ...

Scott Gregory Chastain; Jian Chen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Security is Not an Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security is Not an Option Security is Not an Option A 10-year roadmap for achieving control system cyber security in the energy industry has been hailed as a model for other...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix for Optional Enhancements.xls&0; Attachment 6 Volume V Pricing Matrix...

122

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing DistrictSolar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial...

123

Rolling Up a Put Option as Prices Increase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural producers use put options to protect themselves against declining prices. The technique of "rolling up a put option, explained in this publication, allows the producer to raise the minimum expected selling price of a put option. Detailed examples are given for using this marketing method.

Johnson, Jason; Polk, Wade

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Hybrid or electric vehicles? A real options perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the decision of an automaker concerning the alternative promotion of a hybrid vehicle (HV) and a full electric vehicle (EV). We evaluate the HV project by considering the option to change promotion from the HV to the EV in the ... Keywords: Alternative projects, American options on multiple assets, Exercise region, Hybrid and electric vehicles, Real options

Michi Nishihara

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

OPTIONS FOR ABATING GREENHOUSE GASES FROM EXHAUST STREAMS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines different alternatives for replacing, treating, and recycling greenhouse gases. It is concluded that treatment (abatement) is the only viable short-term option. Three options for abatement that were tested for use in semiconductor facilities are reviewed, and their performance and costs compared. This study shows that effective abatement options are available to the photovoltaic (PV) industry, at reasonable cost.

FTHENAKIS,V.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS by Robert L. Bertini Kerri Date November 2002 4. Title and Subtitle DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION). The objectives of this report are to analyze data transmission options and provide cost estimates for VMT data

Bertini, Robert L.

127

Automated Surface Observing System: Standby Power Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Automated Surface Observing System Standby Options Power Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) General System Description * Self contained group of sensors and data gathering equipment that produces an automated weather observation * Weather observations support aviation, climate data, non government weather operations, public consumption, etc. * Initial deployment began in 1991 and continued through 1997 * Located at 884 sites nationwide, normally at airports * System has two distinct subsystems: Field installed equipment (DCP & Sensor Group) and an indoor processor (ACU) with peripherals * Separate facility power for DCP & Sensors and ACU 1 * measure and collect data * Located on the airport * back up group for 10 minutes * Currently pl

128

Economic Options for Upgrading Waste Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are at least six major types of equipment that upgrade waste heat: (1) thermocompressor; (2) electric drive compressor heat pump; (3) absorption heat pump; (4) high temperature heat powered compressor heat pump; (5) reverse absorption heat pump; and (6) waste heat driven compressor heat pump. Some of these are not widely known, and there has been a tendency to ascribe the characteristics and limitations of the most well-known member to all members of the group. This paper demonstrates the wide variation that actually exists between the different options, and highlights the considerations necessary to ensure the most economic choice for a particular application.

Erickson, D. C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\129 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option F2012.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\129 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option F2012.doc Transportation the last week of July or first three weeks of August, free shuttle transportation will be available through://www.iss.ku.edu/prearrival/getting-to-ku.shtml. Availability for this option is limited and fills quickly. Transportation Option #2 You can make your own

Peterson, Blake R.

130

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\122 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option S2012.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G:\\ISSS\\ORIENTATION\\122 Orientation\\Pre-Arrival\\KCI Transportation Option S2012.doc Transportation the last week of December or first two weeks of January, free shuttle transportation will be available://www.iss.ku.edu/prearrival/getting-to-ku.shtml. Availability for this option is limited and fills quickly. Transportation Option #2 You can make your own

Peterson, Blake R.

131

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar Identifying Project Potential and Options Webinar April 30, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will understand the components of identifying energy project potential and options. Presenters will discuss market considerations, initial site considerations, project savings or rate-of-return estimates, production potential, final site selection, tribal options, finance, partnerships, and participation processes. Attendees will also become familiar with data gathering and analysis procedures such as tribal facility electric cost data, regulations, and interconnection requirements; paths to market for project power; and renewable sales, risks; and utility rules. By following the steps outlined in the webinar, Tribes can determine

132

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iea.org/g8/2008/Empowering_Variable_Renewables.pdf Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Screenshot References: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems[1] Summary "Increasing the share of renewables in energy portfolios is a key tool in the drive to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, as well as

133

Policy options for stabilizing global climate  

SciTech Connect

The structure of this paper is designed to answer the following questions in turn: What is the greenhouse effect What evidence i there that the greenhouse effect is increasing How will the Earth's climate respond to changes in greenhouse gas concentrations What activities are responsible for the greenhouse gas emissions How might emissions and climate change in the future What technologies are available for limiting greenhouse gas emissions And what domestic and international policy options, if implemented, would help to stabilize global climate This chapter provides a general introduction to the climate change issue and reviews selected previous studies. Chapter II discusses the greenhouse gases, their sources and sinks, chemical properties, current atmospheric concentrations and distributions, and related uncertainties. Chapter III relates the greenhouse gases to the process of climatic change. Once this link is made, Chapter IV examines those human activities that affect trace-gas emissions and ultimately influence climate change. Chapter V discusses the scenarios developed for this report to assist us in thinking about possible future emissions and climate change. Chapter VI then presents sensitivity analyses of the modeling results. Chapter VII gives a detailed description of existing and emerging technologies that should be considered in the formation of a comprehensive strategy for mitigating global warming. Chapter VIII outlines domestic policy options, and the concluding chapter (Chapter IX) discusses international mechanisms for responding to climate change.

Lashof, D.A.; Tirpak, D.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Evaluating home heating options in Krakow  

SciTech Connect

The city of Krakow, Poland, has poor air quality due, in part, to widespread use of coal for heating. Engineering analyses have been conducted to determine the technical feasibility and capital costs for a number of options for reducing pollution from home heating sources. Capital costs range from $90 per kilowatt (kW) to connect local boiler-houses to the district heating system to $227/kW to upgrade the electrical system and convert coal stoves to electric heat. Air quality analyses have estimated the reduction in pollutant emissions as well as in pollutant concentrations that would result from implementing the options under consideration. Significant reductions can be obtained at a lower cost by using briquettes instead of coal in home stoves than by converting the stoves to electricity or gas. Finally, incentives analyses are examining the cost-effectiveness of the various alternatives and identifying possible incentives that the city could provide to encourage adoption of less-polluting technologies and practices.

Bleda, J.; Nedoma, J.; Bardel, J.; Pierce, B.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Economic considerations of commercial tokamak options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems studies have been performed to assess commercial tokamak options. Superconducting, as well as normal, magnet coils in either first or second stability regimes have been considered. A spherical torus (ST), as well as an elongated tokamak (ET), is included in the study. The cost of electricity (COE) is selected as the figure of merit, and beta and first-wall neutron wall loads are selected to represent the physics and technology characteristics of various options. The results indicate that an economical optimum for tokamaks is predicted to require a beta of around 10%, as predicted to be achieved in the second stability regime, and a wall load of about 5 MW/m/sup 2/, which is assumed to be optimum technologically. This tokamak is expected to be competitive with fission plants if efficient, noninductive current drive is developed. However, if this regime cannot be attained, all other tokamaks operating in the first stability regime, including spherical torus and elongated tokamak and assuming a limiting wall load of 5 MW/m/sup 2/, will compete with one another with a COE of about 50 mill/kWh. This 40% higher than the COE for the optimum reactor in the second stability regime with fast-wave current drive. The above conclusions pertain to a 1200-MW(e) net electric power plant. A comparison was also made between ST, ET, and superconducting magnets in the second stability regime with fast-wave current drive at 600 MW(e).

Dabiri, A.E.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Cementitious waste option scoping study report  

SciTech Connect

A Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Idaho mandates that all high-level radioactive waste (HLW) now stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) will be treated so that it is ready to be moved out of Idaho for disposal by a target date of 2035. This study investigates the nonseparations Cementitious Waste Option (CWO) as a means to achieve this goal. Under this option all liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) and existing HLW calcine would be recalcined with sucrose, grouted, canisterized, and interim stored as a mixed-HLW for eventual preparation and shipment off-Site for disposal. The CWO waste would be transported to a Greater Confinement Disposal Facility (GCDF) located in the southwestern desert of the US on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). All transport preparation, shipment, and disposal facility activities are beyond the scope of this study. CWO waste processing, packaging, and interim storage would occur over a 5-year period between 2013 and 2017. Waste transport and disposal would occur during the same time period.

Lee, A.E.; Taylor, D.D.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Energy storage options for space power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Including energy storage in a space power supply enhances the feasibility of using thermal power cycles (Rankine or Brayton) and providing high-power pulses. Review of storage options (superconducting magnets, capacitors, electrochemical batteries, thermal phase-change materials (PCM), and flywheels) suggests that flywheels and phase-change devices hold the most promise. Latent heat storage using inorganic salts and metallic eutectics offers thermal energy storage densities of 1500 to 2000 kJ/kg at temperatures to 1675/sup 0/K. Innovative techniques allow these media to operate in direct contact with the heat engine working fluid. Enhancing thermal conductivity and/or modifying PCM crystallization habit provide other options. Flywheels of low-strain graphite and Kevlar fibers have achieved mechanical energy storage densities of 300 kJ/kg. With high-strain graphite fibers, storage densities appropriate to space power needs (approx. 550 kJ/kg) seem feasible. Coupling advanced flywheels with emerging high power density homopolar generators and compulsators could result in electric pulse-power storage modules of significantly higher energy density.

Hoffman, H.W.; Martin, J.F.; Olszewski, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Greenhouse gas mitigation options for Washington State  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

President Clinton, in 1993, established a goal for the United States to return emissions of greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. One effort established to help meet this goal was a three part Environmental Protection Agency state grant program. Washington State completed part one of this program with the release of the 1990 greenhouse gas emissions inventory and 2010 projected inventory. This document completes part two by detailing alternative greenhouse gas mitigation options. In part three of the program EPA, working in partnership with the States, may help fund innovative greenhouse gas reduction strategies. The greenhouse gas control options analyzed in this report have a wide range of greenhouse gas reductions, costs, and implementation requirements. In order to select and implement a prudent mix of control strategies, policy makers need to have some notion of the potential change in climate, the consequences of that change and the uncertainties contained therein. By understanding the risks of climate change, policy makers can better balance the use of scarce public resources for concerns that are immediate and present against those that affect future generations. Therefore, prior to analyzing alternative greenhouse gas control measures, this report briefly describes the phenomenon and uncertainties of global climate change, and then projects the likely consequences for Washington state.

Garcia, N.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Development of stripper options for FRIB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University includes a heavy ion superconducting linac capable of accelerating all ions up to uranium with energies higher than 200 MeV/u and beam power up to 400 kW. To achieve these goals with present ion source performance it is necessary to accelerate simultaneously two charge states of uranium from the ion source in the first section of the linac. At an energy of approximately 16.5 MeV/u it is planned to strip the uranium beam to reduce the voltage needed in the rest of the linac to achieve the final energy. Up to five different charge states are planned to be accelerated simultaneously after the stripper. The design of the stripper is a challenging problem due to the high power deposited (approximately 0.7 kW) in the stripper media by the beam in a small spot. To assure success of the project we have established a research and development program that includes several options: carbon or diamond foils, liquid lithium films, gas strippers and plasma strippers. We present in this paper the status of the different options.

Marti, F.; Hershcovitch, A.; Momozaki, Y.; Nolen, J.; Reed, C.; Thieberger, P.

2010-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

FAQ 25-What are the options for managing depleted uranium in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

options for managing depleted uranium in the future? What are the options for managing depleted uranium in the future? The options for managing depleted uranium were evaluated in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Using Real Options Theory to Evaluate Strategic Investment Options for Mobile Content Delivery: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With a rich fare of localized content, but limited regional media outlet channels, mobile content generates new business opportunities for Media News, a small media company with considerable growth potential. Two business models are considered: partnering ... Keywords: Decision-Making, Mobile Content Services, News Media, Real Options, Valuation

Divakaran Liginlal; Lara Khansa; Stella C. Chia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

September 2000Forecasting Future Variance from Option Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is widely believed that option prices provide the best possible forecasts of the future variance of the assets which underlie them, a large body of empirical evidence concludes that option prices consistently yield biased forecasts of future variance. The prevailing interpretation of these findings is that option investors may be forming unbiased forecasts of the future variance of underlying assets but that these unbiased forecasts fail to get impounded into option prices because of either (1) the difficulty of carrying out the necessary arbitrage strategies that would force the prices to their proper levels, or (2) the availability to market makers of lucrative alternative strategies in which they simply profit from the large bid-ask spreads in the options markets. This interpretation has significant consequences for nearly the entire range of option pricing research, since it implies that non-continuous trading, bid-ask spreads, and other market imperfections substantially influence option prices. This implication is important, both because incorporating these types of market imperfections into option pricing models is much more difficult than, for example, altering the dynamics of the underlying asset and also because it suggests that researchers cannot learn about option investor expectations by filtering option

Allen M. Poteshman; Mark R. Manfredo; Allen M. Poteshman; Allen M. Poteshman; Champaign Helpful; Jegadeesh Narasimhan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

OPTIONAL I-""... ..o SD  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OPTIONAL I-""... ..o SD , * ' y)IP-lW ' a * UNITED S T A T E S COVEKNMENT TO : Files DATE: September 25, 1962 M o m 4' Materials Branch; Division of Licensing & Regulation SUBJECT: PRE-LICENSING VISIT TO THE CONTEMPORARY METALS CORPORATION PROPOSED FACILITY AT HAZELWOOD, M ISSOURI, AND RESIDUE STOCKPILES AT ROBERTSON, M ISSOURI, DOCKET NO, 40-6811 The Contemporary Metals Corporation was awarded a contract by the AEC for the removal of uranium -bearing residues from stock- pile areas at Robertson, M issouri. These residues were generated by the Commission at its Destrehan Street Plant, St; Louis, M issouri. The applicant intends to process these residues at its Hazelwocd facility which is about three (3) m iles from the stock- pile site, Attempts will be made to extract the associated

144

POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G. Duleep G. Duleep Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. www.eea-inc.com POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION Prepared for: Hydrogen 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting Introduction Phases Phase 1 - sales of few hundred FCVs per year. Cost of vehicles will be 5 x over average vehicle and refueling infrastructure will be in an urban area. Phase 2 - ten to twenty thousand FCVs per model and one/two models per major manufacturer. Cost of vehicles will be 2 x over average vehicle, and urban and limited regional refueling infrastructure. Phase 3 - Mass market introduction, FCV cost at 1.1 to 1.2 x. Good regional refueling and limited city pair refueling sites. Policies for Phase 1 Vehicles will not be sold commercially but leased to select fleets and owners. Government fleet buy-

145

IAAP. However, Pantex Plant Option 2  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

p,./qj ' . p,./qj ' . ,! Fdera~ Regbter / Vol. 4Q, No. 210 / Mot&lap, October 29, 3984 1 Notices 43493 be the optimal choice. However, for eignificantly lower caste, a major upgrade of existing facilitiee, including new constr@ion. will provide improved operational reliability and protection. Consequently, an all new facility at any of the three alternative locations was eliminated due to cost considerations. From the standpoint of environmental impact from normal operations (including offsite transportation end the risk of an accident-producing release of radioactive materials, there is little difference between existing operations at Pantex and partial relocation to IAAP. However, Pantex Plant Option 2 provided a greater degree of operational reliability and protection than the

146

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

State renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies require utilities and load-serving entities (LSEs) to procure renewable energy generation. Utility procurement options may be a function of state policy and regulatory preferences, and in some cases, may be dictated by legislative authority. Utilities and LSEs commonly use competitive solicitations or bilateral contracting to procure renewable energy supply to meet RPS mandates. However, policymakers and regulators in several states are beginning to explore the use of alternatives, namely feed-in tariffs (FITs) and auctions to procure renewable energy supply. This report evaluates four procurement strategies (competitive solicitations, bilateral contracting, FITs, and auctions) against four main criteria: (1) pricing; (2) complexity and efficiency of the procurement process; (3) impacts on developers access to markets; and (4) ability to complement utility decision-making processes. These criteria were chosen because they take into account the perspective of each group of stakeholders: ratepayers, regulators, utilities, investors, and developers.

Kreycik, C. E.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Excess plutonium disposition: The deep borehole option  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the current status of technologies required for the disposition of plutonium in Very Deep Holes (VDH). It is in response to a recent National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report which addressed the management of excess weapons plutonium and recommended three approaches to the ultimate disposition of excess plutonium: (1) fabrication and use as a fuel in existing or modified reactors in a once-through cycle, (2) vitrification with high-level radioactive waste for repository disposition, (3) burial in deep boreholes. As indicated in the NAS report, substantial effort would be required to address the broad range of issues related to deep bore-hole emplacement. Subjects reviewed in this report include geology and hydrology, design and engineering, safety and licensing, policy decisions that can impact the viability of the concept, and applicable international programs. Key technical areas that would require attention should decisions be made to further develop the borehole emplacement option are identified.

Ferguson, K.L.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

148

Waste disposal options report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2 contains the following topical sections: estimates of feed and waste volumes, compositions, and properties; evaluation of radionuclide inventory for Zr calcine; evaluation of radionuclide inventory for Al calcine; determination of k{sub eff} for high level waste canisters in various configurations; review of ceramic silicone foam for radioactive waste disposal; epoxides for low-level radioactive waste disposal; evaluation of several neutralization cases in processing calcine and sodium-bearing waste; background information for EFEs, dose rates, watts/canister, and PE-curies; waste disposal options assumptions; update of radiation field definition and thermal generation rates for calcine process packages of various geometries-HKP-26-97; and standard criteria of candidate repositories and environmental regulations for the treatment and disposal of ICPP radioactive mixed wastes.

Russell, N.E.; McDonald, T.G.; Banaee, J.; Barnes, C.M.; Fish, L.W.; Losinski, S.J.; Peterson, H.K.; Sterbentz, J.W.; Wenzel, D.R.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

SOME OPTIONS FOR THE EAST CHINA SEA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: 1 This paper analyzes the critical analytical and policy issues relating to the management of seabed hydrocarbon exploitation in transboundary and disputed areas. First, I examine various domestic and external factors that either promote or prevent the Sino-Japanese joint/cooperative development of seabed oil/gas deposits in the East China Sea. I will then define some principles and rules of cross-border petroleum exploitation and classify into five development models existing international agreements and treaties relating to seabed oil/gas exploitation in various disputed areas throughout the world. On the basis of the simplified spatial cost-benefit analysis of seabed oil/gas exploitation, different development models are suggested to fit in with the various zones of the East China Sea. Finally, I put forward several policy options for bilateral or multilateral cooperation on the exploration, exploitation, and transportation of the seabed oil/gas deposits in the East China Sea. 1.

Guo Rongxing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Cost: Free UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform Screenshot References: UNDP-Climate Finance Options Platform[1] "This Climate Finance Options platform, launched under the chapeau "Acting on Climate Change: The UN System Delivering As One", addresses information needs on the multitude of funds available for climate action in developing countries. Based on the UNFCCC framework, the platform is composed of two complementary domains (one led by UNFCCC and one by

151

Green Power Network: Mandatory Utility Green Power Option  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option A number of states have adopted policies requiring or encouraging electricity suppliers to offer green power options to consumers. This section provides summaries of these policies and links to the full text of the legislation or public utility commission rules. Connecticut Iowa Maine Minnesota Montana New Jersey New Mexico Oregon Vermont Virginia Washington Connecticut June 2003—On June 26, Connecticut Governor John G. Rowland signed a bill (SB 733) amending the state's Electric Restructuring Act and granting authority to the Department of Public Utility Control (DPUC) to require electric distribution companies to offer green power options. The legislation enables the DPUC to determine the terms and conditions of renewable energy or energy efficiency options, including the contract terms and the minimum percentage of electricity to be derived from renewable energy sources. The green energy options will be developed and implemented by third-party companies selected through a competitive bidding process.

152

Attachment C: Optional AIP Provisions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C: Optional AIP Provisions C: Optional AIP Provisions Attachment C: Optional AIP Provisions Optional AIP Provisions This attachment contains sample language for a number of optional provisions that sites may choose to include or not to include in their AIPs. Optional AIP provisions are not mandatory and the language presented is a sample which may be used as is, serve as a guideline for the creation of a modified provision to suit the site-specific needs of a particular AIP program, or not included in a new or renegotiated AIP. 1. Public Participation/Public Accountability in the DOE Planning Process "The DOE will make available to the public in a timely manner all environmental planning documents that require public comment. The DOE will promptly reply to, and confirm receipt of, requests for information

153

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) - Power Generation and Storage Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide (TAG)Power Generation and Storage Technology Options helps energy company decision makers optimize capital investments in power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2009 TAG has been significantly enhanced. The following topics are among those that are new or enhanced: several options on CO2 capture controls and costs for existing retrofits and for new Pulverized Coal and Combustion Turbine Combined Cycle plants; several options on hybrid and dry cooling f...

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

154

Program on Technology Innovation: Integrated Generation Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Integrated Generation Technology Options is intended to provide a snapshot of current cost and performance and technology trends for central electricity generation stations (>50 MW). This document is designed to help with information on the current options in power generation infrastructure capital investments. This 2008 Integrated Generation Technology Options draws from the results of the 2007 TAG studies with relevant current updates. However, while the TAG addresses about 20 different Power ...

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

155

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: More Search Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

More Search Options Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home Site Search Search EERE Kids Site Search Search Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Site Search Search Search Help Printable...

156

How to implement renewable energy and energy efficiency options...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

implement renewable energy and energy efficiency options Support for South African local government Jump to: navigation, search Name How to implement renewable energy and energy...

157

A Note on Pricing Options on Defaultable Stocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note, we develop stock option price approximations for a model which takes both the risk o default and the stochastic volatility into account. We also let the intensity of defaults be influenced by the volatility. We show that it might be possible to infer the risk neutral default intensity from the stock option prices. Our option price approximation has a rich implied volatility surface structure and fits the data implied volatility well. Our calibration exercise shows that an effective hazard rate from bonds issued by a company can be used to explain the implied volatility skew of the implied volatility of the option prices issued by the same company.

Bayraktar, Erhan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings For...

159

Recovering Risk-Neutral Probability Density Functions from Options ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theorem 2 provides us with a simple mechanism to eliminate "artificial" arbitrage ..... options prices: An application to crude oil during theI² ulfcw risis. © o£ rd¨.

160

Implementing a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Based Hydrogen Infrastructure – Optimizing Transitionseconomies and lower infrastructure costs. REFERENCES 1. NRC,a Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Storage Options and System

Ogden, Joan M; Yang, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy Group * Energy Analysis Department 1 Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications Report Summary Presentation Mark Bolinger Lawrence...

163

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

television sets. ” Austrian Energy Agency, June. Chen, H.F.of Options for Improving Energy Efficiency Test Proceduresfor Displays”, March. Energy Conservation Center, Japan (

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Comparison of Li-Ion Battery Recycling Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 A Comparison of Li-Ion Battery Recycling Options Linda Gaines and Jennifer Dunn Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory SAE World Congress April 2012 PAPER...

165

Price protection options for West Virginia beef cattle producers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine if a price protection option would be beneficial to West Virginia's beef cattle industry. Fourteen years of… (more)

Kleski, Matthew C., 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Latin America. For each renewable option we examine-biomass waste, hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, and demand-side energy efficiency-we compiled cost information...

167

An R&D Investment Game under Uncertainty in Real Option Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the problems of using the financial options methodology to analyse investment decisions is that strategic considerations become extremely important. So, the theory of real option games combines two successful theories, namely real options and ... Keywords: C72, D80, Exchange Options, G13, Information Revelation, Option games, Real Options

Giovanni Villani

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

On the Valuation of Warrants and Executive Stock Options: Pricing Formulae for Firms with Multiple Warrants/Executive Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the options or canceling an executive's existing options and granting him or her new options with a lower strike price, although not as frequent, are also in the agenda. Among others, Brenner, Sundaram, and Yermack (2000), Carter and Lynch (2001) examine... the “repricing” of ESOs and allocate it to poor firm-specific performance. The empirical evidence in Chance, Kumar, and Todd (2000) suggest that ESOs are usually repriced when the stock declines by about 25%. Acharya, John, and Sundaram (2000) investigate...

Darsinos, Theofanis; Satchell, Stephen E

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Monitoring conservative retrofits in single family buildings. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

This study has provided detailed before-and-after information on the ambient and comfort conditions in nine single family buildings, and on the energy consumption of those buildings, for one or more energy conservation retrofits. The data were recorded in such a manner that as well as being able to determine the savings from the retrofits and the influence these retrofits have on the comfort conditions of the residence, the effects of the retrofits on time-of-day usage are also determinable. The following are included in appendices: a table of participant`s names, site addresses and retrofit; significant dates and appropriate comments; a day of data and an annotated data set; pre-retrofit and post-retrofit audit data sheets; and usage history.

Richardson, C.S.

1992-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

170

Financial options for neighborhood energy efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the major problems facing the residents of Kansas City is the increasing cost of heating their homes. Approximately 95% of Kansas Citians heat their homes with natural gas. With the price of natural gas doubling every two to three years, it has become increasingly important to decrease consumption while increasing efficiency. Compounding this situation for low and moderate income residents is the shrinking availability of public funds for weatherization. If any progress is going to be made on this problem, alternative funding mechanisms will have to be developed. A potential solution to the problem is through development of the Kansas City Home Energy Assistance and Training Program (HEAT). This program addresses the problem on three levels: (1) using neighborhood groups and organizations as a catalyst to reach individual households through community development strategies; (2) providing education and training resources to assist neighborhood groups in the implementation of identified strategies; and (3) developing financial resources and delivery systems to provide financial options for energy efficiency.

Dreyfuss, P.; Miranti, K.E.; Peterson, J.E.; Payton, J.; Shechter, G.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Evaluation of passive solar retrofit options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An evaluation framework has been developed which allows for the assessment of the role of passive solar retrofit in the nationwide reduction of conventional fuel use. Three types of analysis are proposed within this framework: the physical/technical capability of the present housing stock to incorporate passive solar retrofit; the economic feasibility of the application of retrofit designs; and the actual market potential or acceptance of these alternative retrofit options. Each type of analysis has specific data requirements and a series of evaluation procedures to help establish estimates of the potential for passive solar retrofit in the present housing stock. The data requirements with their respective sources and evaluation procedures for the first two types of analysis-physical/technical setting and economic feasibility, are examined. A distinction is drawn between community specific case studies and more generalized national assessments. Information derived from these three types of analysis, whether case specific or national in scope, can then be used in an evaluation of potential economic impacts. The establishment of regional economic benefits and costs werve as a measure of the merit or attractiveness of the implementation of a passive solar retrofit program.

Ben-David, S.; Kirchemen, C.; Martin, S.; Noll, S.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, analytical bounds, comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Moment matching approximation of Asian basket option prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose some moment matching pricing methods for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black & Scholes framework. We generalize the approach of [M. Curran, Valuing Asian and portfolio by conditioning on the geometric ... Keywords: 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Log-extended-skew-normal, Moment matching, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michèle Vanmaele

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Analytical bounds, Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, Comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Evaluation of real options in an oil field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the application of real options models for valuing an offshore oil property in the North of Africa. Three different approaches were used - one based on the traditional Black-Scholes model, the Marketed Asset Disclaimer (MAD) ... Keywords: capital budgeting, decision analysis, investment appraisal, oil fields, real options

João Oliveira Soares; Diogo Baltazar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Methods for Pricing American Options under Regime Switching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze a number of techniques for pricing American options under a regime switching stochastic process. The techniques analyzed include both explicit and implicit discretizations with the focus being on methods which are unconditionally stable. In ... Keywords: American options, iterative methods, regime switching

Y. Huang; P. A. Forsyth; G. Labahn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Backup Power Options Alternative Backup Power Options Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options Using Backup Generators: Alternative Backup Power Options In addition to electric generators powered by fuel, homeowners and business owners may consider alternative backup power options. Battery-stored backup power-Allows you to continue operating lights, refrigerators and other appliances, fans, and communications during a power outage. These systems can connect to renewable sources of energy, like solar panels and small-scale wind generators, to help the batteries stay charged during an emergency. You can also recharge many of these battery systems with diesel generators. The length of time you will be able to draw electricity from your batteries will depend on the size of your

178

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission Legislation enacted in 2009 directed the Maine Public Utilities Commission (PUC) to develop a program offering green power as an option to residential and small commercial customers in the state. The PUC issued rules in October 2010 and issued an RFP. The PUC selected a company, 3 Degrees, to manage the statewide green power program for Maine's transmission and distribution territories. The program includes community-based renewable

179

Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options Pilot Application to Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options A Screening Method for Guiding R&D Decisions: Pilot Application to Screen Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options The Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) invests in research and development (R&D) to ensure that the United States will maintain its domestic nuclear energy capability and scientific and technical leadership in the international community of nuclear power nations in the years ahead. The 2010 Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap presents a high-level vision and framework for R&D activities that are needed to keep the nuclear energy option viable in the near term and to expand its use in the decades ahead. The roadmap identifies the development

180

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 On March 31,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. On March 3 1,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. The study was supported by senior leaders of the Department as well as by the leadership of the National Council of Security Police (NCSP), who took an active role in the study. The results of the study were briefed to several senior Departmental officials on June 30,2009. These leaders accepted the overall thrust of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 June 30, 2009 On March 31, 2009 , the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and anticipated budgetary constraints, a robust and effective security posture. On March 31, 2009, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and

182

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Jump to: navigation, search Several states require certain electric utilities to offer customers the option of buying electricity generated from renewable resources, commonly known as “green power.” Typically, utilities offer green power generated using renewable resources that the utilities own (or for which they contract), or they buy renewable energy credits (RECs) from a renewable energy provider certified by a state public utilities commission [1] Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 17) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active DEMEC - Green Power Program (Delaware) Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Delaware Municipal Utility Solar Water Heat

183

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Washington State Department of Commerce In May 2001, Washington enacted legislation (EHB 2247) that requires all electric utilities serving more than 25,000 customers to offer customers the option of purchasing renewable energy. Eligible renewables include wind, solar, geothermal, landfill gas, wave or tidal action, wastewater treatment gas, certain biomass resources, and "qualified hydropower" that is fish-friendly. Beginning January 1, 2002, each electric utility must inform its customers

184

Mandatory Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities Mandatory Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities < Back Eligibility Municipal Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission Municipal electric utilities serving more than 40,000 customers in Colorado must offer an optional green-power program that allows retail customers the choice of supporting emerging renewable technologies. This policy complements Colorado's renewable portfolio standard (RPS), which requires municipal utilities serving more than 40,000 customers to use renewable energy and energy recycling to account for 10% of retail sales by 2020.

185

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider Iowa Utilities Board All electric utilities operating in Iowa, including those not rate-regulated by the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB), are required to offer green power options to their customers. These programs allow customers to make voluntary contributions to support the development of renewable energy sources in Iowa. Utilities must file their program plans and tariff schedules with the IUB; however, the filings for non-rate-regulated utilities are intended to be for informational purposes only. This policy

186

Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program Homebuyer Solar Option and Solar Offset Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type Building Energy Code Provider California Energy Commission [http://www.energy.ca.gov/2009-SOPR-1/documents/sb_1_bill_20060821_chapte... Senate Bill 1 of 2006], which established the statewide California Solar Initiative, also required the California Energy Commission (CEC) to implement regulations that require sellers of production homes to offer a solar energy system option to all prospective homebuyers. Besides offering solar as an option to prospective homebuyers, sellers of homes constructed on land for which an application for a tentative subdivision map has been

187

Expanding Options for Nuclear Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expanding Options for Nuclear Power Expanding Options for Nuclear Power Expanding Options for Nuclear Power April 15, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis The development of clean, affordable nuclear power options is a key element of the Energy Department's Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap. As a part of this strategy, a high priority of the Department has been to help accelerate the timelines for the commercialization and deployment of small modular reactor (SMR) technologies through the SMR Licensing Technical Support program. | Photo by the Energy Department. The development of clean, affordable nuclear power options is a key element of the Energy Department's Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap. As a part of this strategy, a high priority of the Department has been to

188

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 Memorandum, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options - June 30, 2009 June 30, 2009 On March 31, 2009 , the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and anticipated budgetary constraints, a robust and effective security posture. On March 31, 2009, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief Health, Safety and Security Officxer commissioned a study to examine "realistic and reasponable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force members while maintaining, within current and

189

CHARACTERIZATION OF SURPLUS PLUTONIUM FOR DISPOSITION OPTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The United States (U.S.) has identified 61.5 metric tons (MT) of plutonium that is permanently excess to use in nuclear weapons programs, including 47.2 MT of weapons-grade plutonium. Except for materials that remain in use for programs outside of national defense, including programs for nuclear-energy development, the surplus inventories will be stored safely by the Department of Energy (DOE) and then transferred to facilities that will prepare the plutonium for permanent disposition. Some items will be disposed as transuranic waste, low-level waste, or spent fuel. The remaining surplus plutonium will be managed through: (1) the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (FFF), to be constructed at the Savannah River Site (SRS), where the plutonium will be converted to fuel that will be irradiated in civilian power reactors and later disposed to a high-level waste (HLW) repository as spent fuel; (2) the SRS H-Area facilities, by dissolving and transfer to HLW systems, also for disposal to the repository; or (3) alternative immobilization techniques that would provide durable and secure disposal. From the beginning of the U.S. program for surplus plutonium disposition, DOE has sponsored research to characterize the surplus materials and to judge their suitability for planned disposition options. Because many of the items are stored without extensive analyses of their current chemical content, the characterization involves three interacting components: laboratory sample analysis, if available; non-destructive assay data; and rigorous evaluation of records for the processing history for items and inventory groups. This information is collected from subject-matter experts at inventory sites and from materials stabilization and surveillance programs, in cooperation with the design agencies for the disposition facilities. This report describes the operation and status of the characterization program.

Allender, J; Edwin Moore, E; Scott Davies, S

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

C:\\Documents and Settings\\mrbrown\\My Documents\\Downloads\\KCI Transportation Option F2011.doc Transportation Option #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C:\\Documents and Settings\\mrbrown\\My Documents\\Downloads\\KCI Transportation Option F2011.doc Transportation Option #1 If you are a new KU international student arriving for the Fall 2011 semester during the last two weeks of July or the first two weeks of August, free shuttle transportation will be available

Peterson, Blake R.

191

Announcement Notice Options By STI Type | Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Notices Notices Announcement Notice Options By STI Type Print page Print page Email page Email page The following list provides basic information regarding which announcement notice should be used by which audience for the various types of STI. For more information, see Submittal Basics. Announcement Options STI Product Types Announcement Notice Audiences AN 241.1 Web Version AN 241.1 Transmission Option Books/Monographs (non-copyrighted) Books/Monographs (copyrighted) Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (non-copyrighted Conference Papers/Presentations/Proceedings (copyrighted) Journal Article Reprints (announcement notice only with adequate information to enable linking via Digital Object Identifier (DOI)) Journal Articles - Accepted manuscript Patents Program Documents

192

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 8/15/2009 State Louisiana Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs.

193

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 10/2012 State Connecticut Program Type PACE Financing Provider Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority

194

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type PACE Financing Provider Office of Energy Development Senate Bill 221 of 2013 authorizes local governments to adopt Commercial* Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) financing programs. C-PACE allows

195

ESMAP-Indonesia-Low Carbon Development Options Study | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Development Options Study Low Carbon Development Options Study Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-ESMAP Low Carbon Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www-wds.worldbank.org/e Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "The Indonesia's study aimed to evaluate and develop strategic options to mitigate climate change without compromising the country's development

196

Local Option - Green Building Incentives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Green Building Incentives Local Option - Green Building Incentives Local Option - Green Building Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Bioenergy Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 6/11/2009 State North Carolina Program Type Green Building Incentive To encourage sustainable building practices, North Carolina law allows all counties and cities to provide reductions or partial rebates for building permit fees. To qualify for a fee reduction, buildings must meet guidelines established by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

197

Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut) Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection As of July 2011, Connecticut authorizes municipalities to pass a local

198

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for Utilities, Clean Energy Policies in States and Communities, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Brochure) Decoupling Policies: Options to Encourage Energy Efficiency Policies for Utilities, Clean Energy Policies in States and Communities, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Brochure) This document discusses the policy of decoupling in utilities and how it can be used to encourage energy efficiency. 46606.pdf More Documents & Publications Greensburg, Kansas: Building a Model Green Community, How Would You Rebuild a Town - Green? April 2009 (Brochure) Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure) Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas. Kiowa County Courthouse

199

Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Cost of Renewable Energy Technology Options Focus Area: Solar Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/tribalenergy/guide/renewable_technologies_costs.h Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/cost-renewable-energy-technology-opti Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation This resource has been extracted and reformatted from the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Power Technologies Energy Data Book. The data book is an excellent source of consistent information on renewable energy technology status and future expectations. Cost information is available

200

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Solar Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type PACE Financing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

SRF Technology - Past, Present and Future Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconducting radiofrequency cavities for all recent projects (CEBAF, SNS, KEKB, and TTF) have been built from high purity polycrystalline niobium with a residual resistance ratio (RRR) greater than 250. The procedures and processes used from the initial production of the high RRR polycrystalline niobium sheets to the finished cavities are complex, numerous and very expensive, and the yield of SRF cavities meeting the performance specifications is very low. CBMM Jefferson Lab invented the large grain and single crystal niobium technologies, and the use of niobium sliced directly from the ingots is expected to change the SRF technology outlook with fewer, and more streamlined, production processes that will not only be cost effective but also generate high yield. In this paper we will show that less stringent commercial niobium specifications are required, and explore the processes and procedures that will lay the foundation for producing SRF cavities with good quality factors at hi

Myneni, Ganapati; Rao Myneni, Ganapati; Hutton, Andrew

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Algoma Utility Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algoma Utility Comm Algoma Utility Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Algoma Utility Comm Place Wisconsin Utility Id 307 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Controlled Interdepartmental Service Commercial Customer Owner Generation Systems (Greater than 20kW) Industrial General Service - Optional Time-of-Day Single Phase less than 100kW 7am-7pm Industrial General Service - Optional Time-of-Day Single Phase less than 100kW 9am-9pm Industrial General Service - Optional Time-of-Day Single Phase less than 100kW 8am-8pm

203

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Windows Options for New and Existing Homes Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an Expert Meeting on Windows Options for New and Existing Homes on November 14, 2011 at the Nolte Building on the campus of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, MN. Featured speakers included John Carmody and Pat Huelman of the University of Minnesota, Charlie Curcija of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Jim Larson of Cardinal Glass Industries, Peter Yost of Building Green, Peter Baker of Building Science Corporation, and Theresa Weston of Du Pont Innovations. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover need and promote dialog among researchers and

204

DOE Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract DOE Exercises Option for Mission Support Contract December 16, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Cameron Salony, DOE 509-376-0402, Cameron.Salony@rl.doe.gov Mission Support Alliance to Provide Site Services at Hanford through May 2017 WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) is extending Mission Support Alliance's (MSA) contract for infrastructure and site services at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington state by three years. In 2009, following a competitive bid, DOE awarded MSA a cost-plus-award-fee contract valued at approximately $3 billion for up to 10 years, with a five-year base period. The department is exercising the first of two options for extension. The contract has been extended through May 2017 for

205

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Mandatory Utility Green Power Option < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission In addition to meeting the requirements of the state [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... renewables portfolio standard], New Mexico investor-owned utilities (IOUs) are required to offer a voluntary program for purchasing renewable energy to customers. The voluntary renewable tariff may also allow consumers to purchase renewable energy within certain energy blocks and by source of

206

Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/pdf_files/Books/BAngelsen0902.pdf References: Realising REDD+: National Strategy and Policy Options[1] "This book seeks to answer these questions by examining what REDD+ at the national level might look like in four areas: institutions and processes to build the REDD+ framework, broad policy reforms to enable REDD+ implementation, sectoral policies to change incentives, and demonstration

207

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies (local option) Provider Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources Rhode Island allows cities and towns to exempt, by ordinance, renewable energy systems from property taxation. The term "renewable energy system" is not defined in the applicable statute (R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-3-21). Note that [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=RI02F&re=1&ee=1

208

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary This executive summary provides an overview of a technical report on an assessment NREL conducted in Greensburg, Kansas, to identify potential opportunities to develop a biomass pelletization or briquetting plant in the region. 45843.pdf More Documents & Publications Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009; Appendices

209

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.uneca.org/eca_resources/publications/unea-publication-tocsd15.pdf References: Energy for Sustainable Development: Policy Options for Africa[1] Overview "Over the last four decades, the gap between energy supply and demand in Africa has been growing. Projections by experts in the field forecast that

210

Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) Local Option Municipal Economic Development Act (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Bond Program Grant Program Loan Program Provider Economic Development This act gives local governments the option to provide direct and indirect assistance to business enterprises in their communities, whether for expansion of existing operations, the creation of new businesses, or the provision of new services, by the use of funds raised by local taxation when the voters of the municipality decide it is in their best interest. The act gives local governments broad freedoms to determine the specifics

211

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Automobile Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Feebates: A Legislative Option to Encourage Continuous Improvements to Automobile Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: Rocky Mountain Institute Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Best Practices Website: www.rmi.org/Knowledge-Center/Library/T08-09_FeebatesLegislativeOption The purpose of this paper is to provide information about feebates. This paper discusses: what a feebate is, why Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) believes a feebate is a valuable tool, recent analysis that RMI had done on feebates, what the current status of the feebate is, and how the feebate could interact with existing laws.

212

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas This report provides an overview of a technical report on an assessment NREL conducted in Greensburg, Kansas, to identify potential opportunities to develop a biomass pelletization or briquetting plant in the region. See NREL/TP-7A2-45843 for the Executive Summary of this report. 48073.pdf More Documents & Publications Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009; Appendices

213

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Analyze Technology Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analyze Technology Options Analyze Technology Options An effective climate action plan follows a portfolio approach and addresses each energy sector on campus. This section outlines how various technology options would fit into a campus climate action plan and provides examples of how others have used these technologies. Links to definitions, technology basics, and references are also provided. Use the Climate Action Planning Tool to identify which options will lead to the most significant reductions in consumption of fossil fuels and in turn meet campus greenhouse gas reduction goals. People and Policy People and Policy Formulate policies that have a long-term effect on energy consumption and identify human behaviors that lower energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Energy Conservation

214

Energy Policy Options in Relation to the Public's Attitudes and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Policy Options in Relation to the Public's Attitudes and Risk Perceptions in Sweden Speaker(s): Mattias Viklund Date: February 7, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar...

215

Local Option- Property Tax Credit for High Performance Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Similar to Maryland's [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=M... Local Option Property Tax Credit for Renewable Energy], Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code...

216

Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...

Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: New Report Analyzes Options...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Report Analyzes Options for Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipelines Mar 14, 2013 The U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office has issued a new report...

218

Delta Hedged Option Valuation with Underlying Non-Gaussian Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard Black-Scholes theory of option pricing is extended to cope with underlying return fluctuations described by general probability distributions. A Langevin process and its related Fokker-Planck equation are devised to model the market stochastic dynamics, allowing us to write and formally solve the generalized Black-Scholes equation implied by dynamical hedging. A systematic expansion around a non-perturbative starting point is then implemented, recovering the Matacz's conjectured option pricing expression. We perform an application of our formalism to the real stock market and find clear evidence that while past financial time series can be used to evaluate option prices before the expiry date with reasonable accuracy, the stochastic character of volatility is an essential ingredient that should necessarily be taken into account in analytical option price modeling.

Moriconi, L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Argument optionality in the LinGO grammar matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a library of implemented HPSG analyses for argument optionality based on typological studies of this phenomenon in the world's languages, developed in the context of a grammar customization system that pairs a cross-linguistic core grammar ...

Safiyyah Saleem; Emily M. Bender

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by ...

Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Technical report Website: nrelpubs.nrel.gov/Webtop/ws/nich/www/public/Record?rpp=25&upp=0&m=1&w= Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): feed-in tariffs, renewable portfolio standards, FITs, FIT, RPS, renewable energy, procurement UN Region: Northern America Language: English Tool Overview "State renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies require utilities and

222

Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Other Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate Varies by jurisdiction. Program Info State Maryland Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by jurisdiction; credit may be available for up to 3 years. Title 9 of Maryland's property tax code provides local governments the option to allow a property tax credit for buildings equipped with a solar, geothermal or qualifying energy conservation device. These devices may be

223

Parametric Uncertainty Impacts on Option 2 Safety Significance Categorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an assessment to determine the impact of parametric uncertainty on the safety significance categorization of structures, systems, and components (SSCs) using risk-importance measures. The study supports Risk-Informed Option 2, which allows elimination of special treatment requirements for low-risk-significant SSCs. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has proposed an Option 2 Rulemaking, 10 CFR 50.69. Industry, through the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) with EPRI technical s...

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

Demonstration Development Project: Assessment of Biomass Repowering Options for Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report has been prepared to help organizations with fossil-fired generation assets better understand their options for taking advantage of biomass-derived fuels at existing facilities. It considers plant conversions that completely replace fossil fuels through repowering as well as options that focus on high-percentage cofiring of biomass along with fossil fuels. Drawing on the experiences of operating facilities that have converted to biomass and from prior work, the analysis underlying this report...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

225

Power storage options for hybrid electric vehicles—A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are the future transportation structure as they provide better fuel economy. Energy storage devices are therefore required for the HEVs. The problem for deciding the optimum combination of power storage is still unresolved. The power storage options in this regard must have a feasible weight/energy ratio for better performance. This survey is about the comparison of different power storage options for HEV including the batteries

Hadeed Ahmed Sher; Khaled E. Addoweesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Nuclear electricity is the least-cost option  

SciTech Connect

The use of integrated resource planning (IRP) as a tool for selecting the means to satisfy the need for new electricity heavily favors those options that are evaluated to have the least cost. The least-cost option these days, generally combined cycle burning natural gas, can generate electricity for between 3.5 to 4.0 {cents}/kW {times} h. The average generating cost of nuclear electricity, by comparison, is {approximately} 7.0 {cents}/kW {times} h, indicative of the economic challenge facing the nuclear industry. The future for the nuclear option may be better, if you believe that natural gas prices will increase. Studies by General Electric (GE) show that if these prices escalate at 3.5% above inflation, as DRI and others forecast, advanced nuclear plants will be in an economic dead heat with coal and combined-cycle/natural-gas plants, the primary baseload options. The use of environmental externalities can also change the evaluation of these competing technology options. When the cost of pollution emissions from fossil plants are factored in, studies show that nuclear electricity generation is the best economic option.

Redding, J.R. [GE, San Jose, CA (United States); Yates, R. [GE, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Valuing innovative technology R&D as a real option : application to fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to elucidate real option thinking and real option valuation techniques for innovative technology investment. Treating the fuel cell R&D investment as a real option for General Motor's light passenger vehicle ...

Tsui, Maggie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors - Unit 6, Land Tenure Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this federal easement program. Resources Unit 6.0 | 13 LandTenure Options 14 | Unit 6.0 Land Tenure OptionsLecture Outline Resources Unit 6.0 | 1 Land Tenure Options

Miles, Albie; Brown, Martha

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE OPTIONS The Department of Earth Sciences offers a Bachelor of Science in the following options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment, cartography, remote sensing, marketing, policy analysis and geographic information analysis. This option equips students for careers in hydrology, climatology, environmental analysis, resource and hazard exploration for and development of Earth's mineral and energy resources; environmental and engineering

Maxwell, Bruce D.

230

Life-cycle cost analysis of energy efficiency design options for residential furnaces and boilers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additional first cost of energy efficiency design optionsS. Meyers, Cost and Energy Consumption of Energy Efficiencyadditional first cost of energy efficiency design options

Lutz, James; Lekov, Alex; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Chan, Peter; Meyers, Steve; McMahon, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Real Options Valuation of U.S. Federal Renewable Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Options Valuation of US Federal Renewable Energy Research,Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Planning,Options Valuation of US Federal Renewable Energy Research,

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Wiser, Ryan H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

233

Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts Local Option - Municipal Energy Districts < Back Program Info State California Program Type PACE Financing ''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided.'''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. California has authorized local governments to establish such

234

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile Assess Site Factors That Affect Employee Commuting Options for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 1:52pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 After establishing an employee commuting behavior baseline for evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, analyze the specific characteristics of the agency's major worksites to help determine which alternative commute methods and work arrangements are viable and what types of strategies may be most effective for promoting those alternatives. It is recommended that worksite-level data collection focus on worksites with the: Largest number of employees, or clusters of worksites with large employee populations in an area with diverse commuting infrastructure

235

Local Option - County Energy District Authority | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - County Energy District Authority Local Option - County Energy District Authority Local Option - County Energy District Authority < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Residential Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. [http://www.dsireusa.org/documents/Incentives/OK18F.htm S.B. 102] amended the law to make PACE loans junior and inferior to other liens. Effective November 1, 2011, this law should allow local governments to adopt PACE programs that are within the acceptable parameters established by the FHFA.''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

236

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 07/01/2009 State New Mexico Program Type PACE Financing Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

237

Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices Local Option - Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 01/01/1994 State Iowa Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Property valued at 0% of the net acquisition cost in the first assessment year, increasing annually by 5 percentage points to a maximum of 30% of the net acquisition cost in the 7th and succeeding years Provider Iowa Department of Revenue Any city or county in Iowa may pass an ordinance assessing wind energy conversion equipment at a special valuation for property tax purposes, beginning at 0% of the net acquisition cost in the first assessment year

238

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/1991 State New York Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption for 15 years (unless local jurisdiction has opted out) Provider Office of Real Property Tax Services Section 487 of the New York State Real Property Tax Law provides a 15-year real property tax exemption for solar, wind energy, and farm-waste energy

239

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

240

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on April 2, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place Utah Name Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Incentive Type PACE Financing Applicable Sector Commercial, Fed. Government, Industrial, Local Government, Multi-Family Residential, Nonprofit, State Government Eligible Technologies Boilers, Building Insulation, Caulking/Weather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers, Custom/Others pending approval, Doors, Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls, Equipment Insulation, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Heat recovery, Lighting, Programmable Thermostats, Roofs, Windows, Daylighting, Geothermal Direct Use, Geothermal Electric, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Other Distributed Generation Technologies, Photovoltaics, Small Hydroelectric, Small Wind, Solar Water Heat, Wind

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Local Option - Local Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Local Improvement Districts Local Option - Local Improvement Districts Local Option - Local Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Program Info State Oregon Program Type PACE Financing Provider Oregon Department of Energy '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period

242

Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings Local Option - Property Tax Assessment for Energy Efficient Buildings < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Virginia Program Type Property Tax Incentive Provider Virginia Department of Taxation In March 2008, Virginia enacted legislation that would allow local jurisdictions to assess the property tax of energy efficient buildings at a reduced rate. Under this law, eligible energy-efficient buildings, not including the real property on which they are located, may be considered a

243

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina. greenbuildingpolicy.pdf More Documents & Publications Greensburg Webinars Q&A Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 USGBC_Roadmap_to_Sustainable_Govt_Blgd.pdf

244

DOE Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options DOE Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is offering technical assistance to state public utility commissioners, generation owner/operators, and utilities on implementing the new and pending EPA air rules affecting the electric utility industry. Examples of typical assistance include technical information on cost and performance of the various power plant pollution retrofit control technologies; technical information on generation, demand-side or transmission alternatives for any replacement power needed for retiring generating units; and assistance to public utility commissions regarding any regulatory evaluations or approvals they may have

245

Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options Female Scientists, Engineers Open Students' Eyes to Career Options June 12, 2012 - 3:43pm Addthis Students practice hooking out -- or removing -- DNA from a strawberry sample at Idaho National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of INL. Students practice hooking out -- or removing -- DNA from a strawberry sample at Idaho National Laboratory. | Photo courtesy of INL. Kortny Rolston INL Communications & Governmental Affairs What are the key facts? 76 female students from Idaho Falls and Twin Falls attended the annual event. The event was organized by Idaho Women in Nuclear (IWIN). Portage, Inc., the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and several other groups support the event. Editor's note: This article was cross-posted from Idaho National

246

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 10/16/2009 State Ohio Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

247

Perturbation Expansion for Option Pricing with Stochastic Volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We fit the volatility fluctuations of the S&P 500 index well by a Chi distribution, and the distribution of log-returns by a corresponding superposition of Gaussian distributions. The Fourier transform of this is, remarkably, of the Tsallis type. An option pricing formula is derived from the same superposition of Black-Scholes expressions. An explicit analytic formula is deduced from a perturbation expansion around a Black-Scholes formula with the mean volatility. The expansion has two parts. The first takes into account the non-Gaussian character of the stock-fluctuations and is organized by powers of the excess kurtosis, the second is contract based, and is organized by the moments of moneyness of the option. With this expansion we show that for the Dow Jones Euro Stoxx 50 option data, a Delta-hedging strategy is close to being optimal.

Jizba, Petr; Haener, Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Use of influence diagrams in gas transfer system option prioritization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A formal decision-analysis methodology was applied to aid the Department of Energy (DOE) in deciding which of several gas transfer system (GTS) options should be selected. The decision objectives for this case study, i.e., risk and cost, were directly derived from the DOE guidelines. Influence diagrams were used to define the structure of the decision problem and clearly delineate the flow if information. A set of performance matrices wee used in conjunction with the influence diagrams to assess and evaluate the degree to which the objectives of the case study were met. These performance measures were extracted from technical models, design and operating data, and professional judgments. The results were aggregated to provide an overall evaluation of the different design options of the gas transfer system. Consequently, the results of this analysis were used as an aid to DOE to select a viable GTS option.

Heger, A.S. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering; Garcia, M.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Perturbation Expansion for Option Pricing with Stochastic Volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We fit the volatility fluctuations of the S&P 500 index well by a Chi distribution, and the distribution of log-returns by a corresponding superposition of Gaussian distributions. The Fourier transform of this is, remarkably, of the Tsallis type. An option pricing formula is derived from the same superposition of Black-Scholes expressions. An explicit analytic formula is deduced from a perturbation expansion around a Black-Scholes formula with the mean volatility. The expansion has two parts. The first takes into account the non-Gaussian character of the stock-fluctuations and is organized by powers of the excess kurtosis, the second is contract based, and is organized by the moments of moneyness of the option. With this expansion we show that for the Dow Jones Euro Stoxx 50 option data, a Delta-hedging strategy is close to being optimal.

Petr Jizba; Hagen Kleinert; Patrick Haener

2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

250

Optional 2012 Project Management Workshop Course | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optional 2012 Project Management Workshop Course Optional 2012 Project Management Workshop Course Optional 2012 Project Management Workshop Course February 16, 2012 - 4:29pm Addthis Course Title: Enhanced Earned Value Analysis Using PARS II Course Description: This course will provide FPDs, contractor project managers, and their respective project control staffs information and best practices relative to PARS II functionality, business rules, reporting and analysis capabilities, as well as enhanced understanding of EV surveillance and analysis techniques, that coupled together will enhance their ability to manage capital asset projects. Course Objective: Explain the business rules underpinning the data and documentation requirements of PARS II Provide an understanding of the many types of standard EV performance analysis reports in PARS II and how to

251

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Varies (local option) Program Info Start Date 8/3/2007 State Colorado Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies (local option) Colorado enacted legislation in April 2007 ([http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2007a/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/31EEE26A... SB 145]) to authorize counties and municipalities to offer property or sales tax rebates or credits to residential and commercial property owners who install renewable energy systems on their property.

252

Local Option - Energy Improvement Loan Program (Wyoming) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Energy Improvement Loan Program (Wyoming) Local Option - Energy Improvement Loan Program (Wyoming) Local Option - Energy Improvement Loan Program (Wyoming) < Back Savings Category Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Other Program Info Start Date 7/1/2011 State Wyoming Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs.''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. Wyoming has authorized local governments to establish such

253

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina. greenbuildingpolicy.pdf More Documents & Publications Greensburg Webinars Q&A Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas, as a Model Green Community: A Case Study; NREL's Technical Assistance to Greensburg, June 2007-May 2009 Rebuilding After Disaster: Going Green from the Ground Up (Revised)

254

First Look at Renewable Energy Options | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First Look at Renewable Energy Options First Look at Renewable Energy Options First Look at Renewable Energy Options October 16, 2013 - 5:11pm Addthis Picture of box-shaped structures for system metering installed on a wall. Installation of a feed in and metering system at Coleman Barracks capitalized on the need to repair a damaged roof by simultaneously installing photovoltaic panels, saving manpower, money, and energy consumption. Project planners should conduct a preliminary review of project energy needs and opportunities when considering renewable energy technologies. This makes energy an integral part of the project, begins the discussion about what renewable technologies may be available to the project. Planning is the time to assess the full project and think innovatively about ways renewable energy can be cost effectively and creatively applied.

255

TEMPERATURE MONITORING OPTIONS AVAILABLE AT THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY ADVANCED TEST REACTOR  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed in-house capabilities to fabricate, test, and qualify new and enhanced sensors for irradiation testing. To meet recent customer requests, an array of temperature monitoring options is now available to ATR users. The method selected is determined by test requirements and budget. Melt wires are the simplest and least expensive option for monitoring temperature. INL has recently verified the melting temperature of a collection of materials with melt temperatures ranging from 100 to 1000 C with a differential scanning calorimeter installed at INL’s High Temperature Test Laboratory (HTTL). INL encapsulates these melt wires in quartz or metal tubes. In the case of quartz tubes, multiple wires can be encapsulated in a single 1.6 mm diameter tube. The second option available to ATR users is a silicon carbide temperature monitor. The benefit of this option is that a single small monitor (typically 1 mm x 1 mm x 10 mm or 1 mm diameter x 10 mm length) can be used to detect peak irradiation temperatures ranging from 200 to 800 C. Equipment has been installed at INL’s HTTL to complete post-irradiation resistivity measurements on SiC monitors, a technique that has been found to yield the most accurate temperatures from these monitors. For instrumented tests, thermocouples may be used. In addition to Type-K and Type-N thermocouples, a High Temperature Irradiation Resistant ThermoCouple (HTIR-TC) was developed at the HTTL that contains commercially-available doped molybdenum paired with a niobium alloy thermoelements. Long duration high temperature tests, in furnaces and in the ATR and other MTRs, demonstrate that the HTIR-TC is accurate up to 1800 C and insensitive to thermal neutron interactions. Thus, degradation observed at temperatures above 1100 C with Type K and N thermocouples and decalibration due to transmutation with tungsten-rhenium and platinum rhodium thermocouples can be avoided. INL is also developing an Ultrasonic Thermometry (UT) capability. In addition to small size, UT’s offer several potential advantages over other temperature sensors. Measurements may be made near the melting point of the sensor material, potentially allowing monitoring of temperatures up to 3000 C. In addition, because no electrical insulation is required, shunting effects are avoided. Most attractive, however, is the ability to introduce acoustic discontinuities to the sensor, as this enables temperature measurements at several points along the sensor length. As discussed in this paper, the suite of temperature monitors offered by INL is not only available to ATR users, but also to users at other MTRs.

J.E. Daw; J.L. Rempe; D.L. Knudson; T. Unruh; B.M. Chase; K.L Davis

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program Home Energy Rebate Option (HERO) - Existing Homes Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate $3,000 Program Info Funding Source American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Expiration Date 06/11/2013 State Louisiana Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20% of improvement costs Provider Louisiana Department of Natural Resources '''''NOTE: All HERO program funding has been allocated as of December 6, 2012. Important dates related to the closure of the program have been announced. Please see summary below for more information. '''''

257

Guidelines for Upgrading Electrostatic Precipitator Performance: Electrostatic Precipitator Upgrade Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guide, the second volume of a two-volume set, presents an analytical procedure to evaluate cost-effective options for enhancing the performance of an existing electrostatic precipitator (ESP) when the performance of the ESP, even after optimization, is not satisfactory. The guide focuses on ESPs that require significant improvements (more than $20/kW) to achieve their emissions goals. The first volume of this report, published in September 1999, treated low-cost options that could be used to optimiz...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

258

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Exemption Property Tax Exemption Local Option - Property Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Property Tax Incentive Provider Vermont Department of Taxes Vermont allows municipalities the option of offering an exemption from the municipal real and personal property taxes for certain renewable energy systems (Note: state property taxes would still apply). Eligible systems include, but are not limited to, "windmills, facilities for the collection of solar energy or the conversion of organic matter to methane, net-metered

259

Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Other Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Funding Source American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Start Date 04/01/2010 State Maine Program Type PACE Financing Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed

260

Impact of Nuclear Energy Futures on Advanced Fuel Cycle Options  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act requires the Secretary of Energy to inform Congress before 2010 on the need for a second geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel. By that time, the spent fuel discharged from current commercial reactors will exceed the statutory limit of the first repository. There are several approaches to eliminate the need for another repository in this century. This paper presents a high-level analysis of these spent fuel management options in the context of a full range of possible nuclear energy futures. The analysis indicates the best option to implement varies depending on the nuclear energy future selected.

Dixon, B.W.; Piet, S.J.

2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Effluent treatment options for nuclear thermal propulsion system ground tests  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A variety of approaches for handling effluent from nuclear thermal propulsion system ground tests in an environmentally acceptable manner are discussed. The functional requirements of effluent treatment are defined and concept options are presented within the framework of these requirements. System concepts differ primarily in the choice of fission-product retention and waste handling concepts. The concept options considered range from closed cycle (venting the exhaust to a closed volume or recirculating the hydrogen in a closed loop) to open cycle (real time processing and venting of the effluent). This paper reviews the strengths and weaknesses of different methods to handle effluent from nuclear thermal propulsion system ground tests.

Shipers, L.R.; Brockmann, J.E.

1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

262

Rural Energy Options Analysis Training Development and Implementation at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has developed a rural energy options analysis training program for rural energy decision makers that provides knowledge, skills and tools for the evaluation of technologies, including renewables, for rural energy applications. Through the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP), NREL has refined materials for the program and developed a module that offers hands-on training in the preparation of data for options analysis using HOMER, NREL's micropower optimization model. NREL has used the materials for training in Brazil, the Maldives, Mexico, and Sri Lanka.

Gilman, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Uncertainty and Industry Structure Effects on Managerial Intuition About Information Technology Real Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real options analysis is an important but costly tool for valuing many information technology (IT) investments. As a low-cost substitute for real options-based methods, firms often depend on managerial intuition, which sometimes approximates real options-based ... Keywords: Behavioral Finance, It Investments, Real Options Theory

Nancy Lankton; Joan Luft

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Multivariate Analysis of Real Option Value Based on Grey Relational Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real option value is determined by a variety of uncertain factors. It is very important to assess the intensity and importance of these factors affecting the real option value for investment decision makers. In this paper, the real option value system ... Keywords: real option value, multivariate analysis, grey relational model, optimization

Zheng-Xin Wang; Ling-ling Pei

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A semi-dynamic approach for valuing and hedging options on two assets with continuous payout  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A central problem in risk management is how to develop effective and accurate hedging strategies for financial and physical assets which are usually not liquidly traded in the market. We consider the problem of replicating the payoffs of options on two ... Keywords: electricity derivatives, options pricing, real options, semi-dynamic hedging, spark spread, spread options

Shi-Jie Deng

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Considering Technical Options for Controlling the BP Blowout in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considering Technical Options for Controlling the BP Blowout in the Gulf of Mexico In response;Considering Technical Options for Controlling the BP Blowout in the Gulf of Mexico 1 Written by James Cameron Options for Controlling the BP Blowout in the Gulf of Mexico #12;Considering Technical Options

Fernandez, Eduardo

267

National Transportation Policy Options: A Time for Choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connectivity, new technology, and a set of difficult environmental problems. Meanwhile, the existing program and transit mobility. National purpose has been an option, rather than a focus. Systematic analysis of mobility and other impacts is almost entirely absent. This mismatch has become increasingly evident to more

Minnesota, University of

268

Design Options for Enhancing IGCC Flexible Operations Performance and Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the cycling experience of integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants, and the characteristics of IGCC and its component technologies that can make it particularly responsive to renewables-driven, flexible operation and cycling requirements. It also identifies a number of design options for optimizing IGCC cycling performance, and economics for such requirements to nearly meet natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) ramping ...

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

269

Career Options Program/Courses Resources Why Choose Electrical Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. · Telecommunications. · Design things that people use. · Computers, personal electronics. · Cars, planes etc. (e. · Biomedical. · Micro-hydro (see http://www.ieee.org/portal/ieeetv/ viewer.html?progId=124039) · Help people #12;Career Options Program/Courses Resources Employers Utilities NL Hydro, NF Power, Aliant, Ontario

Peters, Dennis

270

DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS: ANALYSIS AND POLICY OPTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and at past market changes in the energy industry. Both electricity and natural gas distribution are regulated1 DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS: ANALYSIS AND POLICY OPTIONS Northwest Power Planning Council Issue Paper 94-41 August 11, 1994 Introduction Lower natural gas prices, apparently adequate gas supplies

271

An Analysis of Steam Process Heater Condensate Drainage Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production and reliability performance of Steam Process Heaters can be significantly affected by the condensate drainage design that is employed. There are currently a variety of drainage options which can be confusing to a system designer who is unaware of the reasons for each specific design. An understanding of the various types and why they may be used follows.

Risko, J. R.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

On Asian option pricing for NIG Lévy processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we derive approximations and bounds for the Esscher price of European-style arithmetic and geometric average options. The asset price process is assumed to be of exponential Lévy type with normal inverse Gaussian (NIG) distributed ... Keywords: Esscher transform, comonotonicity, normal inverse Gaussian distribution

Hansjörg Albrecher; Martin Predota

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Investment options available through TIAA-CREF Columbia university  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investment options available through TIAA-CREF Columbia university Calvert Funds will be added to the TIAA-CREF administration & recordkeeping platform Below is a list of all the TIAA-CREF accounts on the TIAA-CREF platform as of April 2, 2013. As described in the enclosed letter, if you currently invest

Grishok, Alla

274

Simulating option prices and sensitivities by higher rank lattice rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the intermediate rank or higher rank lattice rule for the general case when the number of quadrature points is ntm, where m is a composite integer, t is the rank of the rule, n is an integer ... Keywords: Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo methods, lattice rules, option pricing, simulation of multivariate integrations

Yongzeng Lai

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Recent California Water Transfers: Emerging Options in Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN TRANSFERS Recent years have produced increased interest in the transfer of water and waterRecent California Water Transfers: Emerging Options in Water Management by Jay R. Lund Associate for Environmental and Water Resources Engineering DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING University

Lund, Jay R.

276

Burning Plasma Physics -The Next Frontier Three Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burning Plasma Physics - The Next Frontier Three Options (same scale) ITER-FEATFIRE IGNITOR US in Magnetic Fusion · Burning Plasma Performance Considerations · Compact High Field Approach - General for strengthening the base fusion sciences program 2. Directs DOE to submit a plan for a U.S. Burning Plasma

277

DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS: ANALYSIS AND POLICY OPTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The important point is that whether natural gas or electricity is more energy efficient depends on specific1 DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS: ANALYSIS AND POLICY OPTIONS Northwest Power Planning Council Issue Paper 94-41 August 11, 1994 Introduction Lower natural gas prices, apparently adequate gas supplies

278

TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trends and their relative magnitude within the overall TV market will have considerable impact on total energymarket potential those technical options or trends that are expected to save energymarket trends by technology, region, and screen size. Chapter 3, TV Technology Trends and Energy

Park, Won Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Economics of Alaska North Slope gas utilization options  

SciTech Connect

The recoverable natural gas available for sale in the developed and known undeveloped fields on the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) total about 26 trillion cubic feet (TCF), including 22 TCF in the Prudhoe Bay Unit (PBU) and 3 TCF in the undeveloped Point Thomson Unit (PTU). No significant commercial use has been made of this large natural gas resource because there are no facilities in place to transport this gas to current markets. To date the economics have not been favorable to support development of a gas transportation system. However, with the declining trend in ANS oil production, interest in development of this huge gas resource is rising, making it important for the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, and the State of Alaska to evaluate and assess the options for development of this vast gas resource. The purpose of this study was to assess whether gas-to-liquids (GTL) conversion technology would be an economic alternative for the development and sale of the large, remote, and currently unmarketable ANS natural gas resource, and to compare the long term economic impact of a GTL conversion option to that of the more frequently discussed natural gas pipeline/liquefied natural gas (LNG) option. The major components of the study are: an assessment of the ANS oil and gas resources; an analysis of conversion and transportation options; a review of natural gas, LNG, and selected oil product markets; and an economic analysis of the LNG and GTL gas sales options based on publicly available input needed for assumptions of the economic variables. Uncertainties in assumptions are evaluated by determining the sensitivity of project economics to changes in baseline economic variables.

Thomas, C.P.; Doughty, T.C.; Hackworth, J.H.; North, W.B.; Robertson, E.P.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Underground storage tank integrated demonstration: Evaluation of pretreatment options for Hanford tank wastes  

SciTech Connect

Separation science plays a central role inn the pretreatment and disposal of nuclear wastes. The potential benefits of applying chemical separations in the pretreatment of the radioactive wastes stored at the various US Department of Energy sites cover both economic and environmental incentives. This is especially true at the Hanford Site, where the huge volume (>60 Mgal) of radioactive wastes stored in underground tanks could be partitioned into a very small volume of high-level waste (HLW) and a relatively large volume of low-level waste (LLW). The cost associated with vitrifying and disposing of just the HLW fraction in a geologic repository would be much less than those associated with vitrifying and disposing of all the wastes directly. Futhermore, the quality of the LLW form (e.g., grout) would be improved due to the lower inventory of radionuclides present in the LLW stream. In this report, we present the results of an evaluation of the pretreatment options for sludge taken from two different single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site-Tanks 241-B-110 and 241-U-110 (referred to as B-110 and U-110, respectively). The pretreatment options examined for these wastes included (1) leaching of transuranic (TRU) elements from the sludge, and (2) dissolution of the sludge followed by extraction of TRUs and {sup 90}Sr. In addition, the TRU leaching approach was examined for a third tank waste type, neutralized cladding removal waste.

Lumetta, G.J.; Wagner, M.J.; Colton, N.G.; Jones, E.O.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Proposed Fidelity Option Line-Up Tier Fund Type Fund Category/Asset Class Proposed Investment Option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fidelity BrokerageLink 3/1/11 #12;Proposed TIAA-CREF Option Line-Up Tier Fund Type Fund Category Fund TIAA-CREF Money Market Fund Fixed Income Fixed Annuity TIAA Traditional Annuity Intermediate Bond Stock Fund CREF Stock Variable Annuity Real Estate Real Estate Fund TIAA-CREF Real Estate Annuity IV

282

Heat Exchanger Design Options and Tritium Transport Study for the VHTR System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study conducted to consider heat exchanger options and tritium transport in a very high temperature reactor (VHTR) system for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project. The heat exchanger options include types, arrangements, channel patterns in printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHE), coolant flow direction, and pipe configuration in shell-and-tube designs. Study considerations include: three types of heat exchanger designs (PCHE, shell-and-tube, and helical coil); single- and two-stage unit arrangements; counter-current and cross flow configurations; and straight pipes and U-tube designs in shell-and-tube type heat exchangers. Thermal designs and simple stress analyses were performed to estimate the heat exchanger options, and the Finite Element Method was applied for more detailed calculations, especially for PCHE designs. Results of the options study show that the PCHE design has the smallest volume and heat transfer area, resulting in the least tritium permeation and greatest cost savings. It is theoretically the most reliable mechanically, leading to a longer lifetime. The two-stage heat exchanger arrangement appears to be safer and more cost effective. The recommended separation temperature between first and second stages in a serial configuration is 800oC, at which the high temperature unit is about one-half the size of the total heat exchanger core volume. Based on simplified stress analyses, the high temperature unit will need to be replaced two or three times during the plant’s lifetime. Stress analysis results recommend the off-set channel pattern configuration for the PCHE because stress reduction was estimated at up to 50% in this configuration, resulting in a longer lifetime. The tritium transport study resulted in the development of a tritium behavior analysis code using the MATLAB Simulink code. In parallel, the THYTAN code, previously performed by Ohashi and Sherman (2007) on the Peach Bottom data, was revived and verified. The 600 MWt VHTR core input file developed in preparation for the transient tritium analysis of VHTR systems was replaced with the original steady-state inputs for future calculations. A Finite Element Method analysis was performed using COMSOL Multiphysics software to accurately predict tritium permeation through the PCHE type heat exchanger walls. This effort was able to estimate the effective thickness for tritium permeations and develop a correlation for general channel configurations, which found the effective thickness to be much shorter than the average channel distance because of dead spots on the channel side.

Chang H. Oh; Eung S. Kim

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Equipment Options for Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Equipment Options for E85 Fueling Systems on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options

284

BWR fuel design options for self-sustainable Th-{sup 233}U fuel cycle  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we investigate a number of fuel assembly design options for a BWR core operating in a closed self-sustainable Th-{sup 233}U fuel cycle. The designs rely on axially heterogeneous fuel assembly structure in order to improve fertile to fissile conversion ratio. One of the main assumptions of the current study was to restrict the fuel assembly geometry to a single axial fissile zone 'sandwiched' between two fertile blanket zones. The main objective was to study the effect of the most important design parameters, such as dimensions of fissile and fertile zones and average void fraction, on the net breeding of {sup 233}U. The main design challenge in this respect is that the fuel breeding potential is at odds with axial power peaking and therefore limits the maximum achievable core power rating. The calculations were performed with BGCore system, which consists of MCNP code coupled with fuel depletion and thermo-hydraulic feedback modules. A single 3-dimensional fuel assembly with reflective radial boundaries was modeled applying simplified restrictions on maximum central line fuel temperature and Critical Power Ratio. It was found that axially heterogeneous fuel assembly design with single fissile zone can potentially achieve net breeding. In this case however, the achievable core power density is roughly one third of the reference BWR core. (authors)

Shaposhnik, Y.; Shwageraus, E. [Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, P. O. B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Elias, E. [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technion - Israel Inst. of Technology, Technion city, 32000 Haifa (Israel)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas: Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5843 5843 November 2009 Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Executive Summary S. Haase National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-45843 November 2009 Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas Executive Summary S. Haase Prepared under Task No. IDKS.1070 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

286

Residential Solar Photovoltaics: Comparison of Financing Benefits Innovations and Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Solar Photovoltaics: Residential Solar Photovoltaics: Comparison of Financing Benefits, Innovations, and Options Bethany Speer Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-51644 October 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Residential Solar Photovoltaics: Comparison of Financing Benefits, Innovations, and Options Bethany Speer Prepared under Task Nos. SM10.2442, SM12.3010 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-51644 October 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

287

Modern Heating Options for Commercial/Institutional Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modern Heating Options for Commercial/Institutional Buildings Modern Heating Options for Commercial/Institutional Buildings Speaker(s): Thomas Durkin Date: February 23, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Moira Howard-Jeweler This seminar presentation will be video-conferenced from our Washington, DC Projects office.) According to USGBC, LBNL, and CBECS data, commercial/institutional buildings use one quarter of all the energy consumed in the US. Depending on the geographic area of the country, heating can be as little as 30% (Houston), or as much as 68% (Minneapolis) of the building total. Mr. Durkin will share his experience in dramatically reducing the heating energy in buildings using a combination of low temperature boilers, heat recovery strategies and a new approach to geo-thermal systems. His data from completed projects shows 50 to 60%

288

Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

073 073 May 2010 Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas S. Haase National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-48073 May 2010 Assessment of Biomass Pelletization Options for Greensburg, Kansas S. Haase Prepared under Task No. IDKS.1070 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

289

Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options Keith Paustian (keithp@nrel.colostate.edu; 970-491-1547) Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory Colorado State University Ft. Collins, CO 80523 Bruce Babcock (babcock@iastate.edu; 515-294-6785) Cathy Kling (ckling@iastate.edu; 515-294-5767) Center for Agriculture and Rural Development Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011-1070 Jerry Hatfield (hatfield@nstl.gov; 515-294-5723) USDA - National Soil Tilth Laboratory Ames, IA 50011 Rattan Lal (lal.1@osu.edu; 614-292-9069) School of Natural Resources The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210-1085 Bruce McCarl (mccarl@tamu.edu; 979-845-1706) Department of Agricultural Economics Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-2124 Sandy McLaughlin (un4@ornl.gov; 865-574-7358)

290

NETL: News Release - New Projects to Investigate Smart Drilling Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 20, 2004 February 20, 2004 New Projects to Investigate "Smart Drilling" Options Promise Lower Cost, More Reliable Gas Drilling Two additional projects have been selected under a Department of Energy solicitation designed to advance performance when drilling for natural gas. The projects are a key component of the Department's gas exploration and production research program, and support the President's National Energy Policy, which calls for boosting domestic production of natural gas to ensure an adequate future supply at reasonable prices. With shallow and conventional natural gas resources in the United States being depleted, drillers must reach for gas miles below the earth's surface, where temperatures run up to 450 EF and pressures are hundreds of times greater than atmospheric pressure. "Smart drilling" options can increase productivity, improve drilling safety, and lower costs when drilling for these hard-to-reach deep gas supplies.

291

Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems (Connecticut) Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Local Option Provider Connecticut Office of Policy and Management Connecticut municipalities are authorized, but not required, to offer a property tax exemption lasting up to 15 years for qualifying cogeneration systems installed on or after July 1, 2007 (see Conn. Gen. Stat. § 12-81

292

India-Options for Low Carbon Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-Options for Low Carbon Development India-Options for Low Carbon Development Jump to: navigation, search Name India-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country India Southern Asia References World Bank ESMAP[1] Overview "The India study includes the development of a detailed, bottom-up, modeling framework, that serves to comment on opportunities for low carbon growth. Input data was collected across several sectors covering: power supply, household appliances, transportation, industry, and buildings. The

293

1992 Columbia River Salmon Flow Measures Options Analysis/EIS.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Options Analysis/Environmental Impact Statement (OA/EIS) identifies, presents effects of, and evaluates the potential options for changing instream flow levels in efforts to increase salmon populations in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. The potential actions would be implemented during 1992 to benefit juvenile and adult salmon during migration through eight run-of-river reservoirs. The Corps of Engineers (Corps) prepared this document in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration and the Bureau of Reclamation. The US Fish and Wildlife Service (FSWS) is a participating agency. The text and appendices of the document describe the characteristics of 10 Federal projects and one private water development project in the Columbia River drainage basin. Present and potential operation of these projects and their effects on the salmon that spawn and rear in the Columbia and Snake River System are presented. The life history, status, and response of Pacific salmon to current environmental conditions are described.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Nonlethal weapons as force options for the Army  

SciTech Connect

This paper suggests that future challenges to US national security will be very different from those previously experienced. In a number of foreseeable circumstances, conventional military force will be inappropriate. The National Command Authority, and other appropriate levels of command, need expanded options available to meet threats for which the application of massive lethal force is counterproductive or inadvisable. It is proposed that nonlethal concepts be developed that provide additional options for military leaders and politicians. Included in this initiative should be exploration of policy, strategy, doctrine, and training issues as well as the development of selected technologies and weapons. In addition, civilian law enforcement agencies have similar requirements for less-than-lethal systems. This may be an excellent example for a joint technology development venture.

Alexander, J.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Waste Heat Management Options: Industrial Process Heating Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Management Options Heat Management Options Industrial Process Heating Systems By Dr. Arvind C. Thekdi E-mail: athekdi@e3minc.com E3M, Inc. August 20, 2009 2 Source of Waste Heat in Industries * Steam Generation * Fluid Heating * Calcining * Drying * Heat Treating * Metal Heating * Metal and Non-metal Melting * Smelting, agglomeration etc. * Curing and Forming * Other Heating Waste heat is everywhere! Arvind Thekdi, E3M Inc Arvind Thekdi, E3M Inc 3 Waste Heat Sources from Process Heating Equipment * Hot gases - combustion products - Temperature from 300 deg. F. to 3000 deg.F. * Radiation-Convection heat loss - From temperature source of 500 deg. F. to 2500 deg. F. * Sensible-latent heat in heated product - From temperature 400 deg. F. to 2200 deg. F. * Cooling water or other liquids - Temperature from 100 deg. F. to 180 deg. F.

296

Energy policy options for Illinois. Proceedings. [26 papers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Twenty-six papers presented at the Fifth Annual Oil Illinois Energy Conference are categorized into five sections, namely: An overview of U.S. and Illinois Energy Policy; Energy Policy; Conservation--Solar--Biomass and Solid Wastes; Energy Policy; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Energy Policy; Coal and Electric Utilities; and Economic and Consumer Concerns. One paper, A Perspective on Long-Range Nuclear Energy Options, by William O. Harms has previously appeared in EAPA 4: 1364. (MCW)

Not Available

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Economic Evaluation of CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancement Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed life-cycle costs for the major technologies and practices under development for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage and sink enhancement. The technologies evaluated included options for storing captured CO2 in active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal beds, and oceans, as well as the enhancement of the carbon sequestration in forests and croplands. The capture costs for a nominal 500 MWe integrated gasification combined cycle plant from an earlier study w...

2002-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

298

Revealing the Value of Demand Response: Regulatory and Market Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Market failures have plagued competitive electricity markets worldwide. This report explores market and regulatory options for correcting some of these failures. In doing so, it recognizes the critical role that regulation plays in assuring that the competitive process works, as it should, to the benefit of all. In particular, the report examines ways to better integrate demand response (DR) into electricity markets at both the wholesale and retail levels.

2003-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

Space Conditioning Technology Options for High-Bay Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-bay facility owners are considering the addition of space conditioning systems and technologies to improve their operations. This trend creates an opportunity for utility representatives to provide sound guidance on space conditioning system selection alternatives and other energy efficiency options to cost-effectively meet the owner’s requirements. This report describes the common heating and cooling technologies applicable to high-bay facilities and analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of each in...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

300

Role of Future Generation and Energy Efficiency Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update provides results of various policy scenarios using EPRI's financial model of the U.S. electric sector for generation capacity expansion and dispatch at the national and regional levels. The model evaluates the possible effects of climate policy, renewable portfolio standard (RPS), energy efficiency, technology availability, and market scenarios on the deployment and operation of nuclear, fossil, and renewable generation options and on electricity prices, emissions, fuel use, and oth...

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Large Distributed Energy Resource Options to Alleviate Transmission Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility transmission systems require extensive investment for infrastructure upkeep. In addition, load growth requires upgrades to guard against overloading or loss of load. In some situations, an investment in a traditional transmission system upgrade may not be the most economic option. It may be possible to defer the need for an upgrade using distributed energy resources (DER), and in doing so, reduce the economic impact to the utility and its ratepayers. Additional considerations, such as impact on s...

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Electricity Energy Storage Technology Options 2012 System Cost Benchmarking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an update on the current capital and lifecycle costs estimates of electric energy storage options for a variety of grid and end-user applications. Data presented in this report update 2010 data provided in EPRI Technical Report 1020676. The goal of this research was to develop objective and consistent installed costs and operational and maintenance costs for a set of selected energy storage systems in the identified applications. Specific objectives included development of ...

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

Program on Technology Innovation: Integrated Generation Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a condensed, public-domain reference for current cost, performance, and technology status data for eight central-station power generation technologies. In this report, central station is defined as >100 MW with the exception of some renewable-resource-based technologies. In addition to fossil- and nuclear-based technologies, four renewable-resource-based technologies are included. This report addresses the principal technology options for utility-scale power generation.

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

Field development options for a waterflooded heavy-oil reservoir  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Battrum Unit 4 is a moderately heavy-oil reservoir in Saskatchewan producing under waterflood from a thin sand. This paper describes a history match of previous field behavior and systematically analyzes through the use of numerical simulation the potential benefits to production of further waterflooding (with and without infill drilling), steamflooding, and horizontal drilling. It is found that the remaining oil recovery potential of a steamflood with horizontal well is significantly higher than that of any of the waterflood options.

Kasraie, M. (Petroleum Recovery Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)); Sammon, P.H. (Computer Modelling Group, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)); Jespersen, P.J. (Sceptre Resources Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (United States))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Design Options for Enhancing IGCC Flexible Operations Performance and Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the cycling experience of integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plants and the characteristics of IGCC and its component technologies that can make it particularly responsive to renewables-driven, flexible operation and cycling requirements. It also identifies a number of design options for optimizing IGCC cycling performance and economics for such requirements.BackgroundIntermittent renewable sources, such as wind and solar ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Program on Technology Innovation: Integrated Generation Technology Options 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a condensed, public-domain reference for 2012 cost, performance, and technology status data for 10 central-station power-generation technologies, including fossil-, nuclear-, and renewable resource–based technologies. In this report, central station is defined as > 100 MW with the exception of some renewable resource–based technologies. This report addresses the principal technology options for utility-scale power ...

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Seattle's system for evaluating energy options  

SciTech Connect

In 1975, the City Council developed a blueprint called Energy 1990 for meeting Seattle's future electric energy needs. Priorities for addressing or offsetting expected growth in demand are in order: (1) conservation (2) hydroelectricity (3) other renewable sources such as wind, biomass, solar, and geothermal energy (4) abundant nonrenewable resources such as coal, and (5) other renewables. An energy resources planning group was formed and a data base was established. Resource options were investigated and the recommendations were published.

Logie, P.; Macdonald, M.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The $2000 Electric Powertrain Option-1 Program. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the tasks accomplished as part of Northrop Grumman's TRP $2000 Electric Powertrain Option-1 program. Northrop Grumman has strived to achieve technology advances and development considered as high priority to the success of future electric vehicles. Northrop Grumman has achieved the intent of the program by taking several steps toward reducing the cost of the electric vehicle powertrain, demonstrating technologies in the form of hardware and introducing enhancements into production that are consistent with the needs of the market.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Analysis of federal options to support photovoltaic industry growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the methodology and results of an analysis to determine the impact and leverage of federal options for supporting the growth of the photovoltaic industry. Results were projected for combinations of the following: an aggressive federal research and development program, achievement of a technological breakthrough, and immediate or breakthrough-dependent incentives including direct price reductions, keyed-to-breakeven subsidies, and federal puchases. The modeling methodology and market assumptions were also tested to determine their effect on analysis results.

Bennington, G.; Cherdak, A.; Williams, F.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Chinese strategic weapons and the plutonium option (U)  

SciTech Connect

In their article "Chinese Strategic Weapons and the Plutonium Option," John W. Lewis and Xue Litai of the Center for International Security and Arms Control at Stanford University's International Strategic Institute present an unclassified look at plutonium processing in the PRC. The article draws heavily on unclassified PRC sources for its short look at this important subject. Interested readers will find more detailed information in the recently available works referenced in the article.

Lewis, John W.; Xui Litai

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Bioenergy in India: Barriers and Policy Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bioenergy in India: Barriers and Policy Options Bioenergy in India: Barriers and Policy Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Bioenergy in India: Barriers and Policy Options Agency/Company /Organization: UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, - Biofuels Topics: Implementation, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: tech-action.org/Perspectives/BioenergyIndia.pdf Country: India Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Asia Coordinates: 20.593684°, 78.96288° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.593684,"lon":78.96288,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

312

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Bill savings tables (main section): When evaluating PV systems under a PPA, it is important to look at the net effect on the building's annual electricity expense. If the solar value is greater than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net savings on annual energy expenses. If the solar value is less than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net loss. It is useful to understand how annual electricity expenses will be impacted at various PPA price levels. Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.04/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.08/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.12/kWhr Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Expected_annual_electricity_bill_savings_for_various_PPA_price_options&oldid=515464"

313

Why Rural America Needs a Public Health Insurance Plan Option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inclusion of a public health insurance plan in health care reform legislation as an option for individuals, families and businesses promises to be one of the most controversial and crucial decisions made by Congress. With the myriad health care challenges facing rural people and rural communities, the decision on whether to include a public health insurance plan option has significant potential consequences for rural America. Rural America has much to gain or lose from the public health insurance plan decision. As we have written before, the potential strengths of public health insurance plans are what many rural people and businesses need—stability and cost controls while providing health insurance access to vulnerable populations like low- and moderate-income families, small business employers and employees and the self-employed. 1, 2 This paper will examine some of the arguments for a public health insurance plan, how the public health insurance plan would address the health care challenges that exist for rural areas, and, ultimately, why the choice of a public health insurance plan option is needed for rural America.

Jon M. Bailey; Key Points

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Choose best option for enhancing combined-cycle output  

SciTech Connect

This article describes several methods available for boosting the output of gas-turbine-based combined-cycle plants during warm-weather operation. The technology comparisons help choose the option that is most appropriate. Amidst the many advantages of gas-turbine (GT) combined cycles (CC), one drawback is that their achievable output decreases significantly as ambient temperature increases. Reason: The lower density of warm air reduces mass flow through the GT. Unfortunately, hot weather typically corresponds to peak power loads in many areas. Thus, the need to meet peak-load and power-sales contract requirements causes many plant developers to compensate for ambient-temperature-related output loss. The three most common methods of increasing output include: (1) injecting water or steam into the GT, (2) precooling GT inlet air, and/or (3) supplementary firing of the heat-recovery steam generator (HRSG). All of these options require significant capital outlays and affect other performance parameters. In addition, they may uniquely impact the operation and/or selection of other components, including boiler feedwater and condensate pumps, valves, steam turbine/generators, condensers, cooling towers, and emissions control systems. Although plant-specific issues will have a significant effect on selecting an option, comparing the performance of different systems based on a theoretical reference plant can be helpful. The comparisons here illustrate the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of the major power augmentation technologies now in use.

Boswell, M.; Tawney, R.; Narula, R.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

X-231B oil biodegradation plot: Closure Options Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this Closure Option Study (COS) is to satisfy the environmental documentation requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA). The documentation is required to proceed with closure of the X-231B Oil Biodegradation Plot (X-231B), at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) in Piketon, Ohio. The concept for performance of a COS was set forth in the closure plan for the site. The Closure Plan states that the final closure action at X-231B shall be determined by the Closure Option Study. This closure Option Study is not intended to be a Feasibility Study as defined in the National Contingency Plan, nor is it a Corrective Measures Study as defined in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations. Performance of this study fulfills the requirements mandated by OEPA for completion of the closure plan for X-231B. This study was conducted prior to the initiation of the RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) for Quadrant I of the site. Information generated during the RFI could modify the analysis and recommendations presented in this report.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Study on Alternative Cargo Launch Options from the Lunar Surface  

SciTech Connect

In the future, there will be a need for constant cargo launches from Earth to Mars in order to build, and then sustain, a Martian base. Currently, chemical rockets are used for space launches. These are expensive and heavy due to the amount of necessary propellant. Nuclear thermal rockets (NTRs) are the next step in rocket design. Another alternative is to create a launcher on the lunar surface that uses magnetic levitation to launch cargo to Mars in order to minimize the amount of necessary propellant per mission. This paper investigates using nuclear power for six different cargo launching alternatives, as well as the orbital mechanics involved in launching cargo to a Martian base from the moon. Each alternative is compared to the other alternative launchers, as well as compared to using an NTR instead. This comparison is done on the basis of mass that must be shipped from Earth, the amount of necessary propellant, and the number of equivalent NTR launches. Of the options, a lunar coil launcher had a ship mass that is 12.7% less than the next best option and 17 NTR equivalent launches, making it the best of the presented six options.

Cheryl A. Blomberg; Zamir A. Zulkefli; Spencer W. Rich; Steven D. Howe

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Apply option-thinking in long term infrastructure investment : the case of commercial real estate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last two decades the application of real options theory has dramatically altered the way researches model infrastructure investment decisions. Real options are the right, but not obligation to do something for a ...

Zhang, Na, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A Plant-Level Simulation Model for Evaluating CO2 Capture Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C-, SC-, USC-PC) Dry feed gasifier and sulfur capture system (Shell) Added gas turbine option for IGCC

319

HVAC Equipment Design Options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes - Scoping Assessment of Radiant Panel Distribution System Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Conventional unitary equipment and system designs have matured to a point where cost-effective, dramatic efficiency improvements that meet near-zero-energy housing (NZEH) goals require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. In FY05, ORNL conducted a scoping-level assessment of HVAC system options for NZEH homes (Baxter 2005). That report examined some twenty HVAC and water heating (HVAC/WH) systems in two 1800 ft2 houses--one constructed to Building America Research Benchmark standards and one a prototype NZEH. Both centrally ducted and two-zone systems were examined in that study. The highest scoring options using the ranking criteria described in that report were air-source and ground-source integrated heat pumps (IHP), and these were selected by DOE for further development. Among the feedback received to the FY05 report was a comment that systems using radiant panel (floor or ceiling) distribution options were not included among the system examined. This present report describes an assessment of a few such radiant panel systems under the same analysis and ranking criteria used in Baxter (2005). The rankings of the radiant system options reported herein are based on scoring by the team of building equipment researchers at ORNL. It is DOE's prerogative to revisit the criteria and obtain scoring from additional perspectives as part of its decision making process. If the criteria change, the ORNL team will be happy to re-score.

Baxter, Van David [ORNL

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Original article: Using the continuous price as control variate for discretely monitored options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variance reduction is of highest importance in financial simulation. In this study, we present a new and simple variance reduction technique for pricing discretely monitored lookback and barrier options. It is based on using the corresponding continuously ... Keywords: Control variate, Option pricing, Path dependent options, Variance reduction

Kemal Dinçer Dingeç; Wolfgang Hörmann

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Implementation of the Longstaff and Schwartz American Option Pricing Model on FPGA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

American style options are widely used financial products, whose pricing is a challenging problem due to their path dependency characteristic. Finite difference methods and tree-based methods can be used for American option pricing. However, the major ... Keywords: American option, FPGA, Financial computing, Hardware acceleration, Least Squares Monte Carlo, Quasi Monte Carlo

Xiang Tian; Khaled Benkrid

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Renewable Energy Requirements for Future Building Codes: Options for Compliance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the model energy codes are improved to reach efficiency levels 50 percent greater than current codes, use of on-site renewable energy generation is likely to become a code requirement. This requirement will be needed because traditional mechanisms for code improvement, including envelope, mechanical and lighting, have been pressed to the end of reasonable limits. Research has been conducted to determine the mechanism for implementing this requirement (Kaufman 2011). Kaufmann et al. determined that the most appropriate way to structure an on-site renewable requirement for commercial buildings is to define the requirement in terms of an installed power density per unit of roof area. This provides a mechanism that is suitable for the installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems on future buildings to offset electricity and reduce the total building energy load. Kaufmann et al. suggested that an appropriate maximum for the requirement in the commercial sector would be 4 W/ft{sup 2} of roof area or 0.5 W/ft{sup 2} of conditioned floor area. As with all code requirements, there must be an alternative compliance path for buildings that may not reasonably meet the renewables requirement. This might include conditions like shading (which makes rooftop PV arrays less effective), unusual architecture, undesirable roof pitch, unsuitable building orientation, or other issues. In the short term, alternative compliance paths including high performance mechanical equipment, dramatic envelope changes, or controls changes may be feasible. These options may be less expensive than many renewable systems, which will require careful balance of energy measures when setting the code requirement levels. As the stringency of the code continues to increase however, efficiency trade-offs will be maximized, requiring alternative compliance options to be focused solely on renewable electricity trade-offs or equivalent programs. One alternate compliance path includes purchase of Renewable Energy Credits (RECs). Each REC represents a specified amount of renewable electricity production and provides an offset of environmental externalities associated with non-renewable electricity production. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible issues with RECs and comparable alternative compliance options. Existing codes have been examined to determine energy equivalence between the energy generation requirement and the RECs alternative over the life of the building. The price equivalence of the requirement and the alternative are determined to consider the economic drivers for a market decision. This research includes case studies that review how the few existing codes have incorporated RECs and some of the issues inherent with REC markets. Section 1 of the report reviews compliance options including RECs, green energy purchase programs, shared solar agreements and leases, and other options. Section 2 provides detailed case studies on codes that include RECs and community based alternative compliance methods. The methods the existing code requirements structure alternative compliance options like RECs are the focus of the case studies. Section 3 explores the possible structure of the renewable energy generation requirement in the context of energy and price equivalence. The price of RECs have shown high variation by market and over time which makes it critical to for code language to be updated frequently for a renewable energy generation requirement or the requirement will not remain price-equivalent over time. Section 4 of the report provides a maximum case estimate for impact to the PV market and the REC market based on the Kaufmann et al. proposed requirement levels. If all new buildings in the commercial sector complied with the requirement to install rooftop PV arrays, nearly 4,700 MW of solar would be installed in 2012, a major increase from EIA estimates of 640 MW of solar generation capacity installed in 2009. The residential sector could contribute roughly an additional 2,300 MW based on the same code requirement levels of 4 W/ft{sup 2} of r

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

Field Testing of Activated Carbon Injection Options for Mercury Control at TXU's Big Brown Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of the project was to evaluate the long-term feasibility of using activated carbon injection (ACI) options to effectively reduce mercury emissions from Texas electric generation plants in which a blend of lignite and subbituminous coal is fired. Field testing of ACI options was performed on one-quarter of Unit 2 at TXU's Big Brown Steam Electric Station. Unit 2 has a design output of 600 MW and burns a blend of 70% Texas Gulf Coast lignite and 30% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal. Big Brown employs a COHPAC configuration, i.e., high air-to-cloth baghouses following cold-side electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), for particulate control. When sorbent injection is added between the ESP and the baghouse, the combined technology is referred to as TOXECON{trademark} and is patented by the Electric Power Research Institute in the United States. Key benefits of the TOXECON configuration include better mass transfer characteristics of a fabric filter compared to an ESP for mercury capture and contamination of only a small percentage of the fly ash with AC. The field testing consisted of a baseline sampling period, a parametric screening of three sorbent injection options, and a month long test with a single mercury control technology. During the baseline sampling, native mercury removal was observed to be less than 10%. Parametric testing was conducted for three sorbent injection options: injection of standard AC alone; injection of an EERC sorbent enhancement additive, SEA4, with ACI; and injection of an EERC enhanced AC. Injection rates were determined for all of the options to achieve the minimum target of 55% mercury removal as well as for higher removals approaching 90%. Some of the higher injection rates were not sustainable because of increased differential pressure across the test baghouse module. After completion of the parametric testing, a month long test was conducted using the enhanced AC at a nominal rate of 1.5 lb/Macf. During the time that enhanced AC was injected, the average mercury removal for the month long test was approximately 74% across the test baghouse module. ACI was interrupted frequently during the month long test because the test baghouse module was bypassed frequently to relieve differential pressure. The high air-to-cloth ratio of operations at this unit results in significant differential pressure, and thus there was little operating margin before encountering differential pressure limits, especially at high loads. This limited the use of sorbent injection as the added material contributes to the overall differential pressure. This finding limits sustainable injection of AC without appropriate modifications to the plant or its operations. Handling and storage issues were observed for the TOXECON ash-AC mixture. Malfunctioning equipment led to baghouse dust hopper plugging, and storage of the stagnant material at flue gas temperatures resulted in self-heating and ignition of the AC in the ash. In the hoppers that worked properly, no such problems were reported. Economics of mercury control at Big Brown were estimated for as-tested scenarios and scenarios incorporating changes to allow sustainable operation. This project was funded under the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory project entitled 'Large-Scale Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program--Phase II'.

John Pavlish; Jeffrey Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Lucinda Hamre

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Kitchen Ventilation Should be High Performance (Not Optional)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kitchen Ventilation Kitchen Ventilation Should be High Performance (not Optional) Brett C. Singer Residential Building Systems & Indoor Environment Groups Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Building America Technical Update Denver, CO April 30, 2013 Acknowledgements PROGRAM SUPPORT *U.S. Department of Energy - Building America Program *U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Indoor Environments Division *U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development - Office of Healthy Homes & Lead Hazard Control *California Energy Commission - Public Interest Energy Research Program TECHNICAL CONTRIBUTIONS *Woody Delp, Tosh Hotchi, Melissa Lunden, Nasim Mullen, Chris Stratton, Doug Sullivan, Iain Walker Kitchen Ventilation Simplified PROBLEM: * Cooking burners & cooking produce odors, moisture

325

Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Assessed Clean Energy Property Assessed Clean Energy Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Bioenergy Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type PACE Financing Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years.

326

Local Option - Municipal Sustainable Energy Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Municipal Sustainable Energy Programs Municipal Sustainable Energy Programs Local Option - Municipal Sustainable Energy Programs < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Wind Program Info State New York Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July

327

Local Option - Clean Energy Development Boards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Development Boards Clean Energy Development Boards Local Option - Clean Energy Development Boards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Bioenergy Solar Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info Funding Source Implementing entities authorized to issue bonds State Missouri Program Type PACE Financing Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources

328

Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Finance Districts Clean Energy Finance Districts Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type PACE Financing Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs around the

329

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes  

SciTech Connect

The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an Expert Meeting on Windows Options for New and Existing Homes on November 14, 2011 at the Nolte Building on the campus of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, MN. Featured speakers included John Carmody and Pat Huelman of the University of Minnesota, Charlie Curcija of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Jim Larson of Cardinal Glass Industries, Peter Yost of Building Green, Peter Baker of Building Science Corporation, and Theresa Weston of Du Pont Innovations. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover need and promote dialog among researchers and industry professionals.

Ojczyk, C.; Carmody, J.; Haglund, K.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The pipeline OQ Rule: Perspectives, options, and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline Safety: Qualification of Pipeline Personnel Rule, commonly termed the Operator Qualification (OQ) Rule, became law on October 26, 1999. The rule requires operators to develop a qualification program for pipeline personnel. Personnel must demonstrate proficiency and be able to react to abnormal operating conditions. the intent is to reduce pipeline incidents caused by human error by ensuring that pipeline personnel are qualified. This paper describes different perspectives on the need for the rule, constraints to its implementation, and options and resources available to pipeline operators.

Lewis, B.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Immobilized low-level waste disposal options configuration study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compiles information that supports the eventual conceptual and definitive design of a disposal facility for immobilized low-level waste. The report includes the results of a joint Westinghouse/Fluor Daniel Inc. evaluation of trade-offs for glass manufacturing and product (waste form) disposal. Though recommendations for the preferred manufacturing and disposal option for low-level waste are outside the scope of this document, relative ranking as applied to facility complexity, safety, remote operation concepts and ease of retrieval are addressed.

Mitchell, D.E.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 STORAGE AND SINK ENHANCEMENT OPTIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed life-cycle costs for the major technologies and practices under development for CO{sub 2} storage and sink enhancement. The technologies evaluated included options for storing captured CO{sub 2} in active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal beds, and oceans, as well as the enhancement of carbon sequestration in forests and croplands. The capture costs for a nominal 500 MW{sub e} integrated gasification combined cycle plant from an earlier study were combined with the storage costs from this study to allow comparison among capture and storage approaches as well as sink enhancements.

Bert Bock; Richard Rhudy; Howard Herzog; Michael Klett; John Davison; Danial G. De La Torre Ugarte; Dale Simbeck

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options Agency/Company /Organization: The Center for Climate Strategies Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.climatestrategies.us/Climate_Policies_Work.cfm Country: United States Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Low-Cost Options for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Cost Options for Moderate Levels of Mercury Control Low-Cost Options for Moderate Levels of Mercury Control ADA- Environmental Solutions will test two new technologies for mercury control. The TOXECON II(tm) technology injects activated carbon directly into the downstream collecting fields of an electrostatic precipitator. The benefit of this technology is that the majority of the fly ash is collected in the upstream collecting fields which results in only a small portion of carbon-contaminated ash. Additionally, the TOXECON II(tm) technology requires minimal capital investment as only minor retrofits to the electrostatic precipitator are needed. The second technology is injection of novel sorbents for mercury removal on units with hot-side electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). Mercury removal from hot-side electrostatic precipitators is difficult as their high operating temperature range keeps the mercury in the vapor phase and prevents the mercury from adsorbing onto sorbents. The TOXECON II(tm) technology will be tested at Entergy's Independence Station which burns PRB coal. The novel sorbents for hot-side ESPs technology will be tested at MidAmerican's Council Bluffs Energy Center and MidAmerican's Louisa Station, both of which burn PRB coal. Additional project partners include EPRI, MidAmerican, Entergy, Alliant, ATCO Power, DTE Energy, Oglethorpe Power, Norit Americas Inc., Xcel Energy, Southern Company, Arch Coal, and EPCOR.

335

State options in lighting: efficiency standards for existing public buildings  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses requirements and options for state lighting-efficiency standards for existing public buildings under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. EPCA, as implemented under present regulations, is found to allow great flexibility to the states in what they adopt, so long as they do adopt some standard. A wide variety of substantive standards is described, and it is recommended that states adopt a standard based on a maximum-lighting power budget with cost-effectiveness criteria. Several options for adoption and enforcement of standards are discussed. It is recommended that states adopt a requirement that owners of all public buildings submit reports of lighting energy audits and estimates of energy savings from modifications to comply with substantive standards. It is further recommended that while filing of reports should be mandatory, substantive compliance, at least initially, need not be; if it turns out that voluntary compliance is not great enought to achieve a state's desired energy savings, compliance could then be made mandatory. It is recommended that exemptions from the standards be limited to small buildings and that variances under a mandatory standard be available only when an applicant can show insufficient capital to make required modifications, even though they would soon pay for themselves in reduced operating costs. It is suggested that a lighting standard of the kind recommended could substantially reduce wasted energy in lighting, be simple enough to be easily understood and applied, be technically and economically reasonable, and allow for needed exemptions without loopholes.

Meeker, F.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Life cycle assessment of bagasse waste management options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bagasse is mostly utilized for steam and power production for domestic sugar mills. There have been a number of alternatives that could well be applied to manage bagasse, such as pulp production, conversion to biogas and electricity production. The selection of proper alternatives depends significantly on the appropriateness of the technology both from the technical and the environmental points of view. This work proposes a simple model based on the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to evaluate the environmental impacts of various alternatives for dealing with bagasse waste. The environmental aspects of concern included global warming potential, acidification potential, eutrophication potential and photochemical oxidant creation. Four waste management scenarios for bagasse were evaluated: landfilling with utilization of landfill gas, anaerobic digestion with biogas production, incineration for power generation, and pulp production. In landfills, environmental impacts depended significantly on the biogas collection efficiency, whereas incineration of bagasse to electricity in the power plant showed better environmental performance than that of conventional low biogas collection efficiency landfills. Anaerobic digestion of bagasse in a control biogas reactor was superior to the other two energy generation options in all environmental aspects. Although the use of bagasse in pulp mills created relatively high environmental burdens, the results from the LCA revealed that other stages of the life cycle produced relatively small impacts and that this option might be the most environmentally benign alternative.

Kiatkittipong, Worapon [Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom 73000 (Thailand); National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Wongsuchoto, Porntip [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Pavasant, Prasert [National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste Management, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)], E-mail: prasert.p@chula.ac.th

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Comparison of Options for a Pilot Plant Fusion Nuclear Mission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fusion pilot plant study was initiated to clarify the development needs in moving from ITER to a first of a kind fusion power plant, following a path similar to the approach adopted for the commercialization of fission. The pilot plant mission encompassed component test and fusion nuclear science missions plus the requirement to produce net electricity with high availability in a device designed to be prototypical of the commercial device. Three magnetic configuration options were developed around this mission: the advanced tokamak (AT), spherical tokamak (ST) and compact stellarator (CS). With the completion of the study and separate documentation of each design option a question can now be posed; how do the different designs compare with each other as candidates for meeting the pilot plant mission? In a pro/con format this paper will examine the key arguments for and against the AT, ST and CS magnetic configurations. Key topics addressed include: plasma parameters, device configurations, size and weight comparisons, diagnostic issues, maintenance schemes, availability influences and possible test cell arrangement schemes.

Brown, T; Goldston, R J; El-Guebaly, L; Kessel, C; Neilson, G H; Malang, S; Menard, J E; Prager, S; Waganer, L; Titus, P

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

GroSolar formerly Global Resource Options Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GroSolar formerly Global Resource Options Inc GroSolar formerly Global Resource Options Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name groSolar (formerly Global Resource Options Inc) Place Vermont Zip VT 05001 Sector Solar Product A solar integration firm that designs, distributes, and installs solar electric, hot water and air systems in the USA. References groSolar (formerly Global Resource Options Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. groSolar (formerly Global Resource Options Inc) is a company located in Vermont . References ↑ "groSolar (formerly Global Resource Options Inc)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GroSolar_formerly_Global_Resource_Options_Inc&oldid=346141

339

Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ · Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic of developing and integrating burning plasma physics, long pulse physics and technology, and fusion technologies

340

Local Option - Special Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Special Improvement Districts Special Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 5/28/2009 State Nevada Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transition Strategies Transition Strategies Possible Range of Government Support Options * Hydrogen Fuel Initiative - 2015 commercialization decision * 2015 commercialization decision - 1000s of cars by 2015, and 10,000s of cars by 2018 * 2015 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 10,000s of cars by 2015 and 100,000s of cars by 2018 * 2010 commercialization decision, 100,000s of cars by 2016 and millions by 2021. These scenarios are provided for transition analyses as recommended by the National Research Council to evaluate the transition phase and do not represent any specific policy recommendation. 3 Market Penetration Scenarios The following scenarios represent the estimated penetration of hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (HFCV) given different government incentives:

342

Local Option - Contractual Assessments for Energy Efficient Improvements |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contractual Assessments for Energy Efficient Contractual Assessments for Energy Efficient Improvements Local Option - Contractual Assessments for Energy Efficient Improvements < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Program Info State Texas Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period

343

Local Option - Energy-Efficiency Improvement Loans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficiency Improvement Loans Energy-Efficiency Improvement Loans Local Option - Energy-Efficiency Improvement Loans < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. Wisconsin has authorized certain local governments to establish

344

Options for Control of Reactive Power by Distributed Photovoltaic Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic(PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit present several challenges and opportunities for distribution utilities. Rapidly varying irradiance conditions may cause voltage sags and swells that cannot be compensated by slowly responding utility equipment resulting in a degradation of power quality. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We discuss and compare via simulation various design options for control systems to manage the reactive power generated by these inverters. An important design de...

Sulc, Petr; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Local Option - Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing (Rhode Island) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing (Rhode Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing (Rhode Island) Local Option - Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Other Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a statement in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period

346

Expert Meeting Report: Windows Options for New and Existing Homes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows Options for New and Existing Homes C. Ojczyk, J. Carmody, and K. Haglund NorthernSTAR May 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply

347

Hydrogen Delivery: An Option to Ease the Transition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivery: Delivery: An Option to Ease the Transition Presentation at: The DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Coordination Meeting Washington, D.C. June 3, 2003 John C. Winslow, Product Manager, Coal Fuels & Hydrogen National Energy Technology Laboratory Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Hydrogen Delivery Today * Hydrogen infrastructure exists only for small merchant hydrogen markets in the chemical and refining industries * Current natural gas infrastructure consists of: - Pipelines - intermediate product storage - import terminals - rail, barge, and truck delivery U.S. Pipeline Mileage 0.7 2000 279 0 1000 2000 3000 Oil Nat Gas Hydrogen thousand miles Source: APCI, EIA, NEP Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Comparison of Alternative Delivery Pathways Central H 2 production (coal)

348

Local Option - Financing Program for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Program for Renewable Energy and Energy Financing Program for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Local Option - Financing Program for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 8/26/2009 State North Carolina Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Not specified North Carolina enacted legislation ([http://www.ncleg.net/Sessions/2009/Bills/House/PDF/H1389v7.pdf H.B. 1389]) in August 2009 that authorizes cities and counties to establish revolving loan programs to finance renewable energy and energy efficiency

349

Window insulation: how to sort through the options  

SciTech Connect

Options available for residential settings are discussed, including: how to identify window insulating devices that can save a significant amount of energy, including a discussion of components and types; how operating window insulating devices compares with using conventional, non-insulating window coverings; how to choose a product that can serve all the functions traditionally required of window coverings; how to avoid problems with do-it-yourself projects; and how to estimate costs and savings with window insulation. In addition, this publication provides information on window choices for new construction, and an overview of current research in window insulation. The appendices provide summaries of selected grant projects, and a reading list is presented for those who want more information on window insulation.

Miller, B.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Market-Based Indian Grid Integration Study Options: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The Indian state of Gujarat is forecasting solar and wind generation expansion from 16% to 32% of installed generation capacity by 2015. Some states in India are already experiencing heavy wind power curtailment. Understanding how to integrate variable generation (VG) into the grid is of great interest to local transmission companies and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. This paper describes the nature of a market-based integration study and how this approach, while new to Indian grid operation and planning, is necessary to understand how to operate and expand the grid to best accommodate the expansion of VG. Second, it discusses options in defining a study's scope, such as data granularity, generation modeling, and geographic scope. The paper also explores how Gujarat's method of grid operation and current system reliability will affect how an integration study can be performed.

Stoltenberg, B.; Clark, K.; Negi, S. K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Environmental review of options for managing radioactively contaminated carbon steel  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to develop a strategy for the management of radioactively contaminated carbon steel (RCCS). Currently, most of this material either is placed in special containers and disposed of by shallow land burial in facilities designed for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) or is stored indefinitely pending sufficient funding to support alternative disposition. The growing amount of RCCS with which DOE will have to deal in the foreseeable future, coupled with the continued need to protect the human and natural environment, has led the Department to evaluate other approaches for managing this material. This environmental review (ER) describes the options that could be used for RCCS management and examines the potential environmental consequences of implementing each. Because much of the analysis underlying this document is available from previous studies, wherever possible the ER relies on incorporating the conclusions of those studies as summaries or by reference.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Systems analysis of decontamination options for civilian vehicles.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project, which was supported by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) Chemical and Biological Division (CBD), was to investigate options for the decontamination of the exteriors and interiors of vehicles in the civilian setting in order to restore those vehicles to normal use following the release of a highly toxic chemical. The decontamination of vehicles is especially challenging because they often contain sensitive electronic equipment, multiple materials some of which strongly adsorb chemical agents, and in the case of aircraft, have very rigid material compatibility requirements (i.e., they cannot be exposed to reagents that may cause even minor corrosion). A systems analysis approach was taken examine existing and future civilian vehicle decontamination capabilities.

Foltz, Greg W.; Hoette, Trisha Marie

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Agent-based multi-optional model of innovations diffusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a formalism that allows the study of the process of diffusion of several products competing in a common market. It is based on the generalization of the statistics Ising model (Potts model). For the implementation, agent based modeling is used, applied to a problem of three options; to adopt a product A, a product B, or non-adoption. A launching strategy is analyzed for one of the two products, which delays its launching with the objective of competing with improvements. The proportion reached by one and another product is calculated at market saturation. The simulations are produced varying the social network topology, the uncertainty in the decision, and the population's homogeneity.

Laciana, Carlos E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

New Technology and Lunar Power Option for Power Beaming Propulsion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Orbit raising missions (LEO to GEO or beyond) are the only missions with enough current traffic to be seriously considered for near-term power beaming propulsion. Even these missions cannot justify the development expenditures required to deploy the required new laser, optical and propulsion technologies or the programmatic risks. To be deployed, the laser and optics technologies must be spin-offs of other funded programs. The manned lunar base nighttime power requirements may justify a major power beaming program with 2MW lasers and large optical systems. New laser and optical technologies may now make this mission plausible. If deployed these systems could be diverted for power beaming propulsion applications. Propulsion options include a thermal system with an Isp near 1000 sec., a new optical coupled thermal system with an Isp over 2000 sec. photovoltaic-ion propulsion systems with an Isp near 3000 sec., and a possible new optical coupled thermal system with an Isp over 2000 sec.

Kare, J; Early, J; Krupke, W; Beach, R

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

Market-Based Indian Grid Integration Study Options: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Indian state of Gujarat is forecasting solar and wind generation expansion from 16% to 32% of installed generation capacity by 2015. Some states in India are already experiencing heavy wind power curtailment. Understanding how to integrate variable generation (VG) into the grid is of great interest to local transmission companies and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. This paper describes the nature of a market-based integration study and how this approach, while new to Indian grid operation and planning, is necessary to understand how to operate and expand the grid to best accommodate the expansion of VG. Second, it discusses options in defining a study's scope, such as data granularity, generation modeling, and geographic scope. The paper also explores how Gujarat's method of grid operation and current system reliability will affect how an integration study can be performed.

Stoltenberg, B.; Clark, K.; Negi, S. K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Local Option - Clean Energy Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Loan Program Clean Energy Loan Program Local Option - Clean Energy Loan Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Low-Income Residential Residential Program Info State Maryland Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. Maryland has authorized local governments to establish such

357

Study of long term options for electric vehicle air conditioning  

SciTech Connect

There are strong incentives in terms of national energy and environmental policy to encourage the commercialization of electrically powered vehicles in the U.S. Among these incentives are reduced petroleum consumption, improved electric generation capacity utilization, reduced IC engine emissions, and, depending on the primary fuel used for electric power generation, reduced emissions of carbon dioxide. A basic requirement for successfully commercializing any motor vehicle in the US is provision of adequate passenger comfort heating and air conditioning (cooling). Although air conditioning is generally sold as optional equipment, in excess of 80% of the automobiles and small trucks sold in the US have air conditioning systems. In current, pre-commercial electric vehicles, comfort heating is provided by a liquid fuel fired heater that heats water which is circulated through the standard heater core in the conventional interior air handling unit. Air conditioning is provided by electric motor driven compressors, installed in a system having, perhaps, an {open_quotes}upsized{close_quotes} condenser and a standard evaporator (front and rear evaporators in some instances) installed in the conventional interior air handler. Although this approach is adequate in the near term for initial commercialization efforts, a number of shortcomings of this arrangement, as well as longer range concerns need to be addressed. In this project, the long term alternatives for cooling and heating electric vehicles effectively, efficiently (with minimum range penalties), and without adverse environmental impacts have been examined. Identification of options that can provide both heating and cooling is important, in view of the disadvantages of carrying separate heating and cooling systems in the vehicle.

Dieckmann, J.; Mallory, D. [Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Options for passive energy conservation in site design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At a time of concern for energy supplies and costs it is essential to examine the energy-conserving potential of once again using natural energy systems and patterns that exist on any site on which a building is to be or has been placed. This state-of-the-art study examines existing research and applications of land planning and design for energy-conservation purposes. It is organized around the basic principles of natural heating and cooling factors and the impact of site elements on human comfort, regional adaptation of these principles, steps in the site planning and design process, and energy-conservation options available in each of the steps. This is supplemented by an appendix and a bibliography of additional references. The principles of site planning and design for energy conservation deal with the impact of the sun and wind on natural elements and, conversely, ways in which landforms, water, and vegetation affect the impact of the sun and wind on limited sections of the earth. For instance, the sun is able to naturally warm certain slopes more than others, certain surface materials naturally accentuate the warmth of the sun, while certain naturally occurring elements, such as vegetation, block and control the sun. The wind moving over the earth's surface has certain natural directions, patterns, and characteristics. By recognizing these and by introducing or removing impediments it is possible to modify these patterns to provide natural ventilation and to conserve energy. Four commonly accepted regional divisions were utilized to illustrate the differing applications of these principles in the temperate, hot-humid, hot-arid, and cool regions of the continental U.S. The typical site planning or design process was superimposed over each region to illustrate the various energy conservation options possible, depending upon the precise decision made in each step in each region. 300 references.

Not Available

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Environmental issues relating to fossil energy technology options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Office of Fossil Energy has prepared a report on fossil technology options available to reduce oil imports. It identifies energy processes ready for immediate deployment (called first wave) and those that, after further development, would provide substantial benefits over the first wave. The latter (called second wave) technologies could be in commercial use in the late 1980s. The status of environmental readiness for each of these fossil technologies is addressed in this report. Primary environmental concerns and environmental research required concurrent with fossil technology development and commercial operation are described herein and presented in conformance to the organization of the fossil options paper. In instances where environmental issues for related technologies are identical or nearly so, we have attempted to avoid redundancy. Although many environmental concerns have been recognized and are being dealt with for each technology, some areas of concern must receive continued attention. These are briefly mentioned in this introduction. Further details, specific to each technology, are in the appropriate sections of the report. Research is continuing on both health and ecological effects of coal combustion and gasification. Having identified cancer-producing elements in airborne particulates, the Environmental protection Agency (EPA) is developing a standard for respirable range particulates. With regard to the synthetic fuels, one of the major concerns is the health and safety aspects of the coal liquid products. It is known, for example, that some coal-derived liquids that have undergone only minimal processing or upgrading do contain carcinogens. Environmental effects in other fossil energy areas such as oil shale processing, enhanced oil recovery, etc., are discussed.

Not Available

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

State options for low-carbon coal policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing state-level interest in the USA in accelerating the development of low-carbon coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS). Many states have adopted greenhouse gas emission targets and made commitments to low-carbon energy, and believe that these polices will result in job creation, air quality improvements, and reliable low-cost energy supplies. This paper provides an overview of options for states to encourage the deployment of carbon capture and sequestration. It describes actions (including legislation, regulations, and incentives) throughout the country. It also reviews in greater detail the range of policies available to state Public Utility Commissions for advancing deployment of CCS. Many states are adopting meaningful incentives for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants, and, as a handful of states are beginning to demonstrate, a number of these incentives can apply to CCS as well. States also have a number of authorities relevant to advancement of clean coal power, particularly within the domain of state public utility commissions (PUCs). State commissions have a wide array of policy options available to them in pursuing this goal, and will play a crucial role in determining the speed and effectiveness with which such technologies are deployed. States also enjoy major advantages, such as their direct jurisdiction over many critical power plant issues (including siting and retail ratemaking) that federal agencies do not possess. Regardless of the final form of federal greenhouse gas rules, states have the chance to gain experience as first movers and policy innovators, and will play an important role in shaping a low-carbon future. Although national policy is essential, a proactive approach by state policymakers and regulators to drive CCS can reduce future compliance costs, speed the required technological developments, and pave the way for future national policy.

Richard Cowart; Shanna Vale; Joshua Bushinsky; Pat Hogan

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Study of long term options for electric vehicle air conditioning  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There are strong incentives in terms of national energy and environmental policy to encourage the commercialization of electrically powered vehicles in the U.S. Among these incentives are reduced petroleum consumption, improved electric generation capacity utilization, reduced IC engine emissions, and, depending on the primary fuel used for electric power generation, reduced emissions of carbon dioxide. A basic requirement for successfully commercializing any motor vehicle in the US is provision of adequate passenger comfort heating and air conditioning (cooling). Although air conditioning is generally sold as optional equipment, in excess of 80% of the automobiles and small trucks sold in the US have air conditioning systems. In current, pre-commercial electric vehicles, comfort heating is provided by a liquid fuel fired heater that heats water which is circulated through the standard heater core in the conventional interior air handling unit. Air conditioning is provided by electric motor driven compressors, installed in a system having, perhaps, an [open quotes]upsized[close quotes] condenser and a standard evaporator (front and rear evaporators in some instances) installed in the conventional interior air handler. Although this approach is adequate in the near term for initial commercialization efforts, a number of shortcomings of this arrangement, as well as longer range concerns need to be addressed. In this project, the long term alternatives for cooling and heating electric vehicles effectively, efficiently (with minimum range penalties), and without adverse environmental impacts have been examined. Identification of options that can provide both heating and cooling is important, in view of the disadvantages of carrying separate heating and cooling systems in the vehicle.

Dieckmann, J.; Mallory, D. (Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Enrichment Zoning Options for the Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE)  

SciTech Connect

Advancement of U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program requires high performance propulsion systems to support a variety of robotic and crewed missions beyond low Earth orbit. In NASA’s recent Mars Design Reference Architecture (DRA) 5.0 study (NASA-SP-2009-566, July 2009), nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) was again selected over chemical propulsion as the preferred in-space transportation system option because of its high thrust and high specific impulse (-900 s) capability, increased tolerance to payload mass growth and architecture changes, and lower total initial mass in low Earth orbit. An extensive nuclear thermal rocket technology development effort was conducted from 1955-1973 under the Rover/NERVA Program. The Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE) was the last engine design studied by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during the program. At the time, this engine was a state-of-the-art design incorporating lessons learned from the very successful technology development program. Past activities at the NASA Glenn Research Center have included development of highly detailed MCNP Monte Carlo transport models of the SNRE and other small engine designs. Preliminary core configurations typically employ fuel elements with fixed fuel composition and fissile material enrichment. Uniform fuel loadings result in undesirable radial power and temperature profiles in the engines. Engine performance can be improved by some combination of propellant flow control at the fuel element level and by varying the fuel composition. Enrichment zoning at the fuel element level with lower enrichments in the higher power elements at the core center and on the core periphery is particularly effective. Power flattening by enrichment zoning typically results in more uniform propellant exit temperatures and improved engine performance. For the SNRE, element enrichment zoning provided very flat radial power profiles with 551 of the 564 fuel elements within 1% of the average element power. Results for this and alternate enrichment zoning options for the SNRE are compared.

Bruce G. Schnitzler; Stanley K. Borowski

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comment on Application (Optional) Comment on Application (Optional) < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) The DOGGR Regional Board receives the option to comment on the application prior to the issuance of a Draft Project Approval Letter for review. The DOGGR Regional Board shall furnish any comments to the DOGGR State Board within 14 days of the applicant submitting the application. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6_-_Comment_on_Application_(Optional)&oldid=539608

364

Mitigation Options in Forestry, Land-Use, Change and Biomass Burning in Africa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mitigation options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and sequester carbon in land use sectors are describe in some detail. The paper highlights those options in the forestry sector, which are more relevant to different parts of Africa. It briefly outlines a bottom-up methodological framework for comprehensively assessing mitigation options in land use sectors. This method emphasizes the application of end-use demand projections to construct a baseline and mitigation scenarios and explicitly addresses the carbon storage potential on land and in wood products, as well as use of wood to substitute for fossil fuels. Cost-effectiveness indicators for ranking mitigation options are proposed, including those, which account for non-carbon monetary benefits such as those derived from forest products, as well as opportunity cost of pursuing specific mitigation option. The paper finally surveys the likely policies, barriers and incentives to implement such mitigation options in African countries .

Makundi, Willy R.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options for DOE Protective Force Personnel - Recommendations from the Protective Force Career Options Initiative Study Group dated June 30, 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 ENHANCED CAREER LONGEVITY AND RETIREMENT OPTIONS FOR DOE PROTECTIVE FORCE PERSONNEL Recommendations from the Protective Force Career Options Initiative Study Group EXECUTIVE SUMMARY On March 31, 2009, the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Office of Environmental Management, the Office of Nuclear Energy, the Office of Fossil Energy, and the National Council of Security Police (NCSP) came together in a joint effort to examine "realistic and reasonable options for improving the career opportunities and retirement prospects of protective force (PF) members while maintaining, within current and anticipated budgetary constraints, a robust and effective security posture."

366

No option would satisfy everyone. [Decision making for decontamination of groundwater  

SciTech Connect

In an address to registered sanitarians and restaurant inspectors, the Environmental Risk Coordinator for Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussed health risks and the cost of remediation for a typical site with contaminated groundwater. After consideration of each option it was clear that no option satisfied everyone in the group. Even though most members wanted aggressive treatment, they were frustrated to learn that aggressive and expensive treatments were no more effective than the no action option.

Krause, C. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Disposition Options for Hanford Site K-Basin Spent Nuclear Fuel Sludge  

SciTech Connect

This report provides summary-level information about a group of options that have been identified for the disposition of spent-nuclear-fuel sludge in the K-Basins at the Hanford Site. These options are representative of the range of likely candidates that may be considered for disposition of the sludge. The product of each treatment option would be treated sludge that would meet waste acceptance requirements for disposal as transuranic (TRU) waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).

Mellinger, George B.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Gerber, Mark A.; Naft, Barry N.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Walton, Terry L.

2004-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

368

Recovering a time-homogeneous stock price process from perpetual option prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well-known how to determine the price of perpetual American options if the underlying stock price is a time-homogeneous diffusion. In the present paper we consider the inverse problem, i.e. given prices of perpetual American options for different strikes we show how to construct a time-homogeneous model for the stock price which reproduces the given option prices.

Ekstrom, Erik

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Assessment of DC Backup Power Technology Options for Nuclear Power Generation Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The March 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in Japan created a renewed industry interest in examining potential improvements for backup power options to support plant accident scenarios in both near-term and long-term implementation time periods. This report assesses technology options that can be considered in improving DC backup power. Options with near-term applicability were considered and reviewed. Certain energy storage systems and hydrogen power fuel cells were identified that could ...

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Biofuels Fuels Technology Pathway Options for Advanced Drop-in Biofuels Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advanced drop-in hydrocarbon biofuels require biofuel alternatives for refinery products other than gasoline. Candidate biofuels must have performance characteristics equivalent to conventional petroleum-based fuels. The technology pathways for biofuel alternatives also must be plausible, sustainable (e.g., positive energy balance, environmentally benign, etc.), and demonstrate a reasonable pathway to economic viability and end-user affordability. Viable biofuels technology pathways must address feedstock production and environmental issues through to the fuel or chemical end products. Potential end products include compatible replacement fuel products (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and JP8 and JP5 jet fuel) and other petroleum products or chemicals typically produced from a barrel of crude. Considering the complexity and technology diversity of a complete biofuels supply chain, no single entity or technology provider is capable of addressing in depth all aspects of any given pathway; however, all the necessary expert entities exist. As such, we propose the assembly of a team capable of conducting an in-depth technology pathway options analysis (including sustainability indicators and complete LCA) to identify and define the domestic biofuel pathways for a Green Fleet. This team is not only capable of conducting in-depth analyses on technology pathways, but collectively they are able to trouble shoot and/or engineer solutions that would give industrial technology providers the highest potential for success. Such a team would provide the greatest possible down-side protection for high-risk advanced drop-in biofuels procurement(s).

Kevin L Kenney

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

ANALYSES OF ENERGY SUPPLY OPTIONS AND SECURITY OF ENERGY SUPPLY IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOREWORD In its broadest meaning “energy security ” is the ability of a nation to muster the energy resources needed to ensure its welfare. In a narrower meaning it refers to territorial energy autonomy. Consequently, energy supply security is a matter of both domestic policy and international relations. Perceived and real threats may be economic or logistic, politically motivated or the result of war or natural causes. They may be source, technology or transport related, specific to a facility or a function of system structure, due to sabotage or to inadequate investment or maintenance, or result from pricing or regulatory policies. Energy security has become a growing concern in the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since regaining independence in 1991. As their national energy systems depend on essentially one single foreign supplier for most of their oil and all of their natural gas supplies, a comprehensive analysis of potential measures to improve security including alternative supply options becomes vital. Such an analysis needs to consider, for example, the availability of domestic energy reserves and resources, the vintage of existing energy infrastructures (including regional and interregional interconnections), storage facilities, as well as future

In The Baltic States; In The Baltic States; Wagramer Strasse

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assessment of solar options for small power systems applications. Volume IV. Comparative ranking of concepts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comparative analysis of solar thermal conversion concepts that are potentially suitable for development as small electric power systems (1 to 10 MWe) is presented. Cogeneration and total energy systems were beyond the scope of this study. Seven generic type of collectors, together with associated subsystems for electric power generation, were considered. The collectors can be classified into three categories: (1) two-axis tracking (with compound-curvature reflecting surfaces); (2) one-axis tracking (with single-curvature reflecting surfaces; and (3) nontracking (with low-concentration reflecting surfaces). All seven collectors were analyzed in conceptual system configurations with Rankine-cycle engines. In addition, two of the collectors (the Point Focus Central Receiver and the Point Focus Distributed Receiver) were analyzed with Brayton-cycle engines, and the latter of the two also was analyzed with Stirling-cycle engines. With these engine options, 10 systems were formulated for analysis. This is the fourth volume of a five-volume report on the work performed to analyze the alternative concepts, and the results obtained. Included in this volume are descriptions of the methodology used with, and concept ranks obtained from, potential users and R and D fund allocators.

Currie, J.W.; Jannol, M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Urban Options Solar Greenhouse Project. Semi-annual technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

The design changes and construction of the Urban Options Solar Greenhouse are described. The greenhouse performance and horticultural and educational activities are discussed. (MHR)

Cipparone, L.

1980-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

374

For appliances, choosing the most cost-effective option depends on ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Consumers in the market for new appliances have a wide range of choices that likely vary by cost, options, and efficiency level. If energy cost effectiveness is a ...

375

Solar Schools Assessment and Implementation Project: Financing Options on Solar Installations on K-12 Schools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report focuses on financial options developed specifically for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in three California public school districts.

376

Options for developing a new mid micron value proposition for consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research for this thesis "Options for Developing a New Mid Micron Value Proposition for Consumers", is a part of a larger "New Mid Micron… (more)

Stevens, Ana

377

PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) System User’s Guide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) System User’s Guide Version 6.2 Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, ...

378

Facility Owner Contractor Award Date End Date Options/Award Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OptionsAward Term Ultimate Potential Expiration Date Contract FY Competed Parent Companies LLC Partners DOE Site Procurement Director DOE Contracting Officer SLAC National...

379

PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) System User’s Guide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Formal training is not required since installation, data importation, data processing, and transmission are done by interactive, user-friendly menu options.

380

Measuring Single Photons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by Phillip Warner. Dive right into the single photon pages here. Program Contact: Tom Jordan Web Maintainer: qnet-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Updated: 18 January 2000 http:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Single Electron Coherence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Single electron tunneling (SET) devices have the amazing property that we can measure and control the motion of electrons one-by-one. ...

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

382

Panoramic Holography: Toward a Single Shot Stopwatch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Panoramic Holography: Toward a Single Panoramic Holography: Toward a Single Shot Stopwatch Panoramic images are captivating in any form, be it of a city sky line or a mosaic of micrographs. They feature a wide field of view and uncompromised resolution. Forming such extraordinary images can be achieved with oversized film or by stitching together smaller images. But these options are not always practical for microscopy with x-rays especially for imaging with ultrashort pulses of x-rays. We have demonstrated a new holographic technique, called extended field of view Fourier transform holography (FTH), for imaging isolated areas of a nanoscale sample without compromising spatial resolution. This technique overcomes one of the central challenges in imaging, namely to simultaneously obtain high spatial resolution and a large field of view. The method is compatible with single shot imaging-a feature particularly important for studying dynamics at upcoming X-ray free electron lasers like the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC.

383

The Economics of Cybersecurity: Principles and Policy Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics puts the challenges facing cybersecurity into perspective better than a purely technical approach does. Systems often fail because the organizations that defend them do not bear the full costs of failure. For instance, companies operating critical infrastructures have integrated control systems with the Internet to reduce near-term, measurable costs while raising the risk of catastrophic failure, whose losses will be primarily borne by society. As long as anti-virus software is left to individuals to purchase and install, there may be a less than optimal level of protection when infected machines cause trouble for other machines rather than their owners. In order to solve the problems of growing vulnerability and increasing crime, policy and legislation must coherently allocate responsibilities and liabilities so that the parties in a position to fix problems have an incentive to do so. In this paper, we outline the various economic challenges plaguing cybersecurity in greater detail: misaligned incentives, information asymmetries and externalities. We then discuss the regulatory options that are available to overcome these barriers in the cybersecurity context: ex ante safety regulation, ex post liability, information disclosure, and indirect intermediary liability. Finally, we make several recommendations for policy changes to improve cybersecurity: mitigating malware infections via ISPs by subsidized cleanup, mandatory disclosure of fraud losses and security incidents, mandatory disclosure of control system incidents and intrusions, and aggregating reports of cyber espionage and reporting to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Tyler Moore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Marketing energy conservation options to Northwest manufactured home buyers  

SciTech Connect

This study relies on extensive, existing survey data and new analyses to develop information that would help design a marketing plan to achieve energy conservation in new manufactured homes. Existing surveys present comprehensive information about regional manufactured home occupants and their homes that are relevant to a potential conservation marketing plan. An independent analysis of the cost-effectiveness of various efficiency improvements provides background information for designing a marketing plan. This analysis focuses on the economic impacts of alternative energy conservation options as perceived by the home owner. Identifying impediments to conservation investments is also very important in designing a marketing plan. A recent report suggests that financial constraints and the need for better information and knowledge about conservation pose the major conservation investment barriers. Since loan interest rates for new manufactured homes typically exceed site-built rates by a considerable amount and the buyers tend to have lower incomes, the economics of manufactured home conservation investments are likely to significantly influence their viability. Conservation information and its presentation directly influences the manufactured home buyer's decision. A marketing plan should address these impediments and their implications very clearly. Dealers express a belief that consumer satisfaction is the major advantage to selling energy efficient manufactured homes. This suggests that targeting dealers in a marketing plan and providing them direct information on consumers' indicated attitudes may be important. 74 refs.

Hendrickson, P.L.; Mohler, B.L.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lee, A.D.; Onisko, S.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Options for Control of Reactive Power by Distributed Photovoltaic Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic(PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit present several challenges and opportunities for distribution utilities. Rapidly varying irradiance conditions may cause voltage sags and swells that cannot be compensated by slowly responding utility equipment resulting in a degradation of power quality. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We discuss and compare via simulation various design options for control systems to manage the reactive power generated by these inverters. An important design decision that weighs on the speed and quality of communication required is whether the control should be centralized or distributed (i.e. local). In general, we find that local control schemes are capable for maintaining voltage within acceptable bounds. We consider the benefits of choosing different local variables on which to control and how the control system can be continuously tuned between robust voltage control, suitable for daytime operation when circuit conditions can change rapidly, and loss minimization better suited for nighttime operation.

Petr Sulc; Konstantin Turitsyn; Scott Backhaus; Michael Chertkov

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fuel cell systems for first lunar outpost -- Reactant storage options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A Lunar Surface Power Working Group was formed to review candidate systems for providing power to the First Lunar Outpost habitat. The working group met for five days in the fall of 1992 and concluded that the most attractive candidate included a photovoltaic unit, a fuel cell, a regenerator to recycle the reactants, and storage of oxygen and hydrogen gases. Most of the volume (97%) and weight (64%) are taken up by the reactants and their storage tanks. The large volume is difficult to accommodate, and therefore, the working group explored ways of reducing the volume. An alternative approach to providing separate high pressure storage tanks is to use two of the descent stage propellant storage tanks, which would have to be wrapped with graphite fibers to increase their pressure capability. This saves 90% of the volume required for storage of fuel cell reactants. Another approach is to use the descent storage propellant tanks for storage of the fuel cell reactants as cryogenic liquids, but this requires a gas liquefaction system, increases the solar array by 40%, and increases the heat rejection rate by 170% compared with storage of reactants as high pressure gases. For a high power system (>20 kW) the larger energy storage requirement would probably favor the cryogenic storage option.

Nelson, P.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Natural Gas as a Fuel Option for Heavy Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) is promoting the use of natural gas as a fuel option in the transportation energy sector through its natural gas vehicle program [1]. The goal of this program is to eliminate the technical and cost barriers associated with displacing imported petroleum. This is achieved by supporting research and development in technologies that reduce manufacturing costs, reduce emissions, and improve vehicle performance and consumer acceptance for natural gas fueled vehicles. In collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory, projects are currently being pursued in (1) liquefied natural gas production from unconventional sources, (2) onboard natural gas storage (adsorbent, compressed, and liquefied), (3) natural gas delivery systems for both onboard the vehicle and the refueling station, and (4) regional and enduse strategies. This paper will provide an overview of these projects highlighting their achievements and current status. In addition, it will discuss how the individual technologies developed are being integrated into an overall program strategic plan.

James E. Wegrzyn; Wai Lin Litzke; Michael Gurevich

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

388

Technology Competition and Optimal investment Timing: A Real Options Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies often choose to defer irreversible investments to maintain valuable managerial flexibility in an uncertain world. For some technology-intensive projects, technology uncertainty plays a dominant role in affecting investment timing. This article analyzes the investment timing strategy for a firm that is deciding about whether to adopt one or the other of two incompatible and competing technologies. We develop a continuous-time stochastic model that aids in the determination of optimal timing for managerial adoption within the framework of real options theory. The model captures the elements of the decisionmaking process in such a way so as to provide managerial guidance in light of expectations associated with future technology competition. The results of this study suggest that a technology adopter should defer its investment until one technology’s probability to win out in the marketplace and achieve critical mass reaches a critical threshold. The optimal timing strategy for adoption that we propose can also be used in markets that are subject to positive network feedback. Although network effects usually tend to make the market equilibrium less stable and shorten the process of technology competition, we show why technology adopters may require more technology uncertainties to be

Robert J. Kauffman; Xiaotong Li

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions for climate stabilization: framing regional options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that stabilizing atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations will require reduction of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by as much as 80% by 2050. Subnational efforts to cut emissions will inform policy development nationally and globally. We projected GHG mitigation strategies for Minnesota, which has adopted a strategic goal of 80% emissions reduction by 2050. A portfolio of conservation strategies, including electricity conservation, increased vehicle fleet fuel efficiency, and reduced vehicle miles traveled, is likely the most cost-effective option for Minnesota and could reduce emissions by 18% below 2005 levels. An 80% GHG reduction would require complete decarbonization of the electricity and transportation sectors, combined with carbon capture and sequestration at power plants, or deep cuts in other relatively more intransigent GHG-emitting sectors. In order to achieve ambitious GHG reduction goals, policymakers should promote aggressive conservation efforts, which would probably have negative net costs, while phasing in alternative fuels to replace coal and motor gasoline over the long-term. 31 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Laura Schmitt Olabisi; Peter B. Reich; Kris A. Johnson; Anne R. Kapuscinski; Sangwon Suh; Elizabeth J. Wilson [University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN (United States). Ecosystem Science and Sustainability Initiative

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Options for Gas-to-Liquids Technology in Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purposes of this work was to assess the effect of applying new technology to the economics of a proposed natural gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant, to evaluate the potential of a slower-paced, staged deployment of GTL technology, and to evaluate the effect of GTL placement of economics. Five scenarios were economically evaluated and compared: a no-major-gas-sales scenario, a gas-pipeline/LNG scenario, a fast-paced GTL development scenario, a slow-paced GTL development scenario, and a scenario which places the GTL plant in lower Alaska, instead of on the North Slope. Evaluations were completed using an after-tax discounted cash flow analysis. Results indicate that the slow-paced GTL scenario is the only one with a rate of return greater than 10 percent. The slow-paced GTL development would allow cost saving on subsequent expansions. These assumed savings, along with the lowering of the transportation tariff, combine to distinquish this option for marketing the North Slope gas from the other scenarios. Critical variables that need further consideration include the GTL plant cost, the GTL product premium, and operating and maintenance costs.

Robertson, Eric Partridge

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Options for gas-to-liquids technology in Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of applying new technology to the economics of a proposed natural gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant, to evaluate the potential of a slower-paced, staged deployment of GTL technology, and to evaluate the effect of GTL placement of economics. Five scenarios were economically evaluated and compared: a no-major-gas-sales scenario, a gas-pipeline/LNG scenario, a fast-paced GTL development scenario, a slow-paced GTL development scenario, and a scenario which places the GTL plant in lower Alaska, instead of on the North Slope. Evaluations were completed using an after-tax discounted cash flow analysis. Results indicate that the slow-paced GTL scenario is the only one with a rate of return greater than 10%. The slow-paced GTL development would allow cost saving on subsequent expansions. These assumed savings, along with the lowering of the transportation tariff, combine to distinguish this option for marketing the North Slope gas from the other scenarios. Critical variables that need further consideration include the GTL plant cost, the GTL product premium, and operating and maintenance costs.

Robertson, E.P.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Engineering options for the U.S. Fusion Demo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through its successful operation, the US Fusion Demo must be sufficiently convincing that a utility or independent power producer will choose to purchase one as its next electric generating plant. A fusion power plant which is limited to the use of currently-proven technologies is unlikely to be sufficient attractive to a utility unless fuel shortages and regulatory restrictions are far more crippling to competing energy sources than currently anticipated. In that case, the task of choosing an appropriate set of engineering technologies today involves trade-offs between attractiveness and technical risk. The design space for an attractive tokamak fusion power core is not unlimited; previous studies have shown that advanced low-activation ferritic steel, vanadium alloy, or SiC/SiC composites are the only candidates they have for the primary in-vessel structural material. An assessment of engineering design options has been performed using these three materials and the associated in-vessel component designs which are compatible with them.

Tillack, M.S. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Fusion Energy Research Program; Billone, M.; Sze, D.K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); El-Guebaly, L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Fusion Technology Inst.; Waganer, L.M. [McDonnell Douglas Aerospace, St. Louis, MO (United States); Wong, C. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A simulation based real options approach for the investment evaluation of nuclear power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The investment of nuclear power has several uncertainties. This paper establishes a nuclear power investment evaluation model by employing real options theory with Monte Carlo method to evaluate the value of nuclear power plant from the perspective of ... Keywords: Least Squares Monte-Carlo, Nuclear accident, Nuclear power investment, Price mechanism, Real options

Lei Zhu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plants: A Real Options Analysis Ram Chandra Sekar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plants: A Real Options Analysis by Ram Chandra Sekar;2 #12;3 Carbon Dioxide Capture in Coal-Fired Power Plants: A Real Options Analysis by Ram Chandra Sekar and Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering ABSTRACT Investments in three coal-fired power generation

395

Analysis on the KOSPI200 option from the time-series and cross- sectional perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Korean derivatives market is one of the most active markets in the world. The KOSPI200 options accounted for 43.4% of the global trading volume in equity index futures and options in 2011. It also accounted for 93.5% ...

Jung, Jaewook

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

toward the annual target of biofuels making up 5.75 percent of transportation fuel. httpEurope, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH

397

Pricing American Asian options with higher moments in the underlying distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a modified Edgeworth binomial model with higher moment consideration for pricing American Asian options. With lognormal underlying distribution for benchmark comparison, our algorithm is as precise as that of Chalasani et al. [P. Chalasani, ... Keywords: American Asian options, Edgeworth binomial model, Higher moment

Keng-Hsin Lo; Kehluh Wang; Ming-Feng Hsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Asymptotic expansion for pricing options for a mean-reverting asset with multiscale stochastic volatility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates the valuation of options when the underlying asset follows a mean-reverting log-normal process with a stochastic volatility that is driven by two stochastic processes with one persistent factor and one fast mean-reverting factor. ... Keywords: Mean reversion, Multiscale asymptotic, Option pricing, Stochastic volatility

Mei Choi Chiu; Yu Wai Lo; Hoi Ying Wong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

LBNL/PUB-5482 Energy Efficiency Options for the New England Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL/PUB-5482 Energy Efficiency Options for the New England Demand Response Initiative (NEDRI://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/ The work described in this study was funded by the Assistance Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable00098 #12;Energy Efficiency Options for the New England Demand Response Initiative (NEDRI) ­ Framing

400

Option Returns and the Cross-Sectional Predictability of Implied Volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- tive forecast of the change in implied volatility and short in straddles with a large negative forecast://www.krannert.purdue.edu/faculty/saretto/. #12;1 Introduction Volatility is central to the pricing of options as there is a one-to-one correspondence between the price of an option and the volatility of the underlying asset. In the context of Black

Kearns, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A novel recurrent neural network-based prediction system for option trading and hedging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reduce their exposure to the erratic fluctuations of the financial markets, traders are nowadays increasingly dealing with options and other derivative securities instead of directly trading in the underlying assets. This paradigm shift ... Keywords: Computational finance, Hedging system, Option trading, Recurrent neural network

C. Quek; M. Pasquier; N. Kumar

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Exploration of Optimization Options for Increasing Performance of a GPU Implementation of a Three-dimensional Bilateral Filter  

SciTech Connect

This report explores using GPUs as a platform for performing high performance medical image data processing, specifically smoothing using a 3D bilateral filter, which performs anisotropic, edge-preserving smoothing. The algorithm consists of a running a specialized 3D convolution kernel over a source volume to produce an output volume. Overall, our objective is to understand what algorithmic design choices and configuration options lead to optimal performance of this algorithm on the GPU. We explore the performance impact of using different memory access patterns, of using different types of device/on-chip memories, of using strictly aligned and unaligned memory, and of varying the size/shape of thread blocks. Our results reveal optimal configuration parameters for our algorithm when executed sample 3D medical data set, and show performance gains ranging from 30x to over 200x as compared to a single-threaded CPU implementation.

Bethel, E. Wes; Bethel, E. Wes

2012-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Impact of Deferral Option on Investment: Empirical Evidence from Residential Customers of District Heating Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines an option to defer an investment in the thermal rehabilitation of a building. Heat savings generated by energy efficiency investment in two distinctive areas connected to the district heating system in Prague are studied. Despite substantial difference of heat price over several years, no significant difference in heat savings between the two areas was found. It is shown that different volatility of heat prices in different areas and its changes influencing value of deferral option can partly explain the observed flat owner’s behavior. Two specific “real ” features of the deferral option are further introduced, improvement of the option valuation model is proposed and expected impact on the value of deferral option is discussed.

Martin Hajek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP DOE Exercises 5 Year Option on Washington TRU Solutions Contract to Operate WIPP January 18, 2005 - 9:55am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that it has decided to exercise the five year option in the Washington TRU Solutions LLC ("WTS") contract to continue managing and operating the Department's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located in New Mexico. The option DOE exercised is a part of the WIPP contract that was competitively procured in 2000. The WTS contract will now run through September 30, 2010 with an estimated value over the five year timeframe of approximately $704 million. "We are very pleased to take this step," said Kyle McSlarrow, Deputy

405

High-order accurate implicit methods for the pricing of barrier options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with a high-order accurate implicit finite-difference approach to the pricing of barrier options. In this way various types of barrier options are priced, including barrier options paying rebates, and options on dividend-paying-stocks. Moreover, the barriers may be monitored either continuously or discretely. In addition to the high-order accuracy of the scheme, and the stretching effect of the coordinate transformation, the main feature of this approach lies on a probability-based optimal determination of boundary conditions. This leads to much faster and accurate results when compared with similar pricing approaches. The strength of the present scheme is particularly demonstrated in the valuation of discretely monitored barrier options where it yields values closest to those obtained from the only semi-analytical valuation method available.

Ndogmo, J C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Utility Response to Railroad Market Power: Assessment of Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal transportation is one of the largest and potentially least competitive costs of power generation. This report reviews possible strategies and recourse available to utilities to counter railroad market power. The implosion of the major carriers into just two major companies in the east and the west heralds an era of duopoly pricing for which no single solution presents itself, past strategies may no longer apply, and the prospect of burgeoning power transactions may offer surprisingly little help to ...

1997-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

Power supply expansion and the nuclear option in Poland  

SciTech Connect

Poland is in the process of liberalizing and modernizing its electric power system. Given its heavy reliance on coal and a consequent history of often severe environmental externalities associated with power production, the nature of capacity expansion in Poland has important environmental and social implications. To better understand capacity expansion in Poland, we constructed a data set of the Polish power sector for use with the Elfin capacity expansion planning model. Using Elfin, we derived four scenarios and several sensitivities for new generating capacity construction. These scenarios simulate choices among several generic generating technologies made to achieve the lowest overall net present cost of operating the power system through 2015. We find that natural gas is a highly desirable fuel for future power generation in Poland, but primarily as a peaking resource. As the current system is inflexible and peaking capacity appears to be the most pressing need, this result is not surprising. However, when nuclear power is included as a generation option, natural gas is less desirable than the Polish Power Grid Company (PPGCo) has suggested, and, despite the PPGCo`s claims to the contrary, nuclear power cannot be ruled out in Poland on economic grounds alone. In the unconstrained Elfin scenarios, using PPGCo assumptions, nuclear power is attractive, especially after 2010. The attractiveness of nuclear generation proves sensitive to certain input variables, however, notably fixed operating and maintenance cost, and possible carbon taxes. Moreover, we find that the effectiveness of conservation efforts designed to reduce airborne emissions is limited under scenarios in which nuclear generation is adopted. 23 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.

Marnay, C.; Pickle, S.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Measures and Investment Options for Community Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Municipalities and electric and gas utilities have for the past decade offered ratepayers incentives for conserving energy. The energy conservation strategies used have varied depending on the goals of the local utility. The cost-effectiveness of these strategies, however, has been debated because of the limited activity in producing quantifiable data and the lack of documentation of methodologies. Because the cost-effectiveness and the reach of current energy programs is often unknown, the return on investment to the utility, city, or the ratepayer is often without quantifiable documentation. The development of municipal or utility energy conservation programs centers principally on economic and social issues. Utilities look at energy efficiency and demand management as a cheaper option than the construction of a new power plant. Municipalities consider energy efficiency because it promotes awareness and therefore helps keep utility bills low for its citizens. The two viewpoints may combine as in the case of the City of San Antonio and its municipally owned utility, City Public Service. A dilemma, therefore, arises when a municipally owned utility has excess capacity. The municipality demands that its utility provide for growth and maintain rates, two goals which may conflict. In this project, the City of San Antonio's Office of Public Utilities assessed the potential for energy conservation and its relationship to meeting the community's economic growth objectives. The project evaluated the municipally owned utility's energy conservation goals and objectives, current and future programs, and its forecasting and generation plans. Emphasis was placed on evaluating and developing cost-effective residential energy conservation programs designed for the San Antonio area and determining a "best-set" of programs based on a detailed economic analysis.

Myers, M. S.; Korinchock, D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Weapons-grade plutonium dispositioning. Volume 2: Comparison of plutonium disposition options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Secretary of Energy requested the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on International Security and Arms Control to evaluate disposition options for weapons-grade plutonium. The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) offered to assist the NAS in this evaluation by investigating the technical aspects of the disposition options and their capability for achieving plutonium annihilation levels greater than 90%. This report was prepared for the NAS to document the gathered information and results from the requested option evaluations. Evaluations were performed for 12 plutonium disposition options involving five reactor and one accelerator-based systems. Each option was evaluated in four technical areas: (1) fuel status, (2) reactor or accelerator-based system status, (3) waste-processing status, and (4) waste disposal status. Based on these evaluations, each concept was rated on its operational capability and time to deployment. A third rating category of option costs could not be performed because of the unavailability of adequate information from the concept sponsors. The four options achieving the highest rating, in alphabetical order, are the Advanced Light Water Reactor with plutonium-based ternary fuel, the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor with plutonium-based fuel, the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor with uranium-plutonium-based fuel, and the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor with plutonium-based fuel. Of these four options, the Advanced Light Water Reactor and the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor do not propose reprocessing of their irradiated fuel. Time constraints and lack of detailed information did not allow for any further ratings among these four options. The INEL recommends these four options be investigated further to determine the optimum reactor design for plutonium disposition.

Brownson, D.A.; Hanson, D.J.; Blackman, H.S. [and others

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Extreme high-head portables provide more pumping options  

SciTech Connect

Three years ago, Godwin Pumps, one of the largest manufacturers of portable pumps, introduced its Extreme Duty High Lift (HL) series of pumps and more mines are finding unique applications for these pumps. The Extreme HL series is a range single-stage Dri-Prime pumps with heads up to 600 feet and flows up to 5,000 gallons per minute. The American Coal Co.'s Galatia mine, an underground longwall mine in southern Illinois, used an HL 160 to replace a multiple-staged centrifugal pump. It provided Galatia with 1,500 gpm at 465 ft. 3 photos.

Fiscor, S.

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Assessment of solar options for small power systems applications. Volume I. Executive summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comparative analysis of solar thermal conversion concepts that are potentially suitable for development as small electric power systems (1 to 10 MWe) is presented. Seven generic types of collectors, together with associated subsystems for electric power generation, were considered. The collectors can be classified into three categories: (1) two-axis tracking (with compound-curvature reflecting surfaces), (2) one-axis tracking (with single-curvature reflecting surfaces), and (3) nontracking (with low-concentration reflecting surfaces). All seven collectors were analyzed in conceptual system configurations with Rankine-cycle engines. In addition, two of the collectors (the Point Focus Central Receiver and the Point Focus Distributed Receiver) were analyzed with Brayton-cycle engines, and the latter of the two also was analyzed with Stirling-cycle engines. With these engine options, 10 systems were formulated for analysis. Conceptual designs developed for the 10 systems were based on common assumptions of available technology in the 1990 to 2000 time frame. The computer code SOLSTEP was used to analyze the thermodynamic performance characteristics and energy costs of the 10 concepts. Year-long simulations were performed using meteorological and insolation data for Barstow, California as input to the code. Results for each concept include levelized energy costs and capacity factors for various combinations of storage capacity and collector field size. For all 10 concepts, subjective values were estimated for four additional power plant characteristics: plant flexibility, forced outage rate, environmental and safety effects, and R and D necessary for commercialization. Multiattribute utility methodology was used to rank the 10 concepts. (WHK)

Laity, W.W.; Aase, D.T.; Apley, W.J.; Bird, S.P.; Currie, J.W.; Drost, M.K.; Jannol, M.; Schulte, S.C.; Sutey, A.M.; Williams, T.A.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Required and Optional Metadata for Harvesting (OSTI-to-Site) | Scientific  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Required and Optional Metadata Required and Optional Metadata Required and Optional Metadata for Harvesting (OSTI-to-Site) Print page Print page Email page Email page Required Metadata Records with missing required metadata will not be accepted. Metadata Standardized XML Tag Names for Output File Business Rules/Required Values, etc. Access Limitation System defaults to UNL Information must be unclassified unlimited for harvested products. Site Accession Number Unique site-assigned number that OSTI uses to recognize previously harvested records that are being updated. STI Product Type Product type value must be a code: AR - S&T Accomplishment Report B - Book/monograph/factsheet CO - Conference/Event Paper, Presentation, Proceedings

413

Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose There has been an increased interest in utilizing renewable energy sources in district heating systems. District heating systems are centralized systems that provide heat for residential and commercial buildings in a community. While various renewable and conventional energy sources can be used in such systems, many stakeholders are interested in choosing the feasible option with the least environmental impacts. This paper evaluates and compares environmental burdens of alternative energy source options for the base load of a district heating center in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC) using the life cycle assessment method. The considered energy sources include natural gas, wood pellet, sewer heat, and ground heat. Methods The life cycle stages considered in the LCA model cover all stages from fuel production, fuel transmission/transportation, construction, operation, and finally demolition of the district heating system. The impact categories were analyzed based on the IMPACT 2002+ method. Results and discussion On a life-cycle basis, the global warming effect of renewable energy options were at least 200 kgeqCO2 less than that of the natural gas option per MWh of heat produced by the base load system. It was concluded that less than 25% of the upstream global warming impact associated with the wood pellet energy source option was due to transportation activities and about 50% of that was resulted from wood pellet production processes. In comparison with other energy options, the wood pellets option has higher impacts on respiratory of inorganics, terrestrial ecotoxicity, acidification, and nutrification categories. Among renewable options, the global warming impact of heat pump options in the studied case in Vancouver, BC, were lower than the wood pellet option due to BC's low carbon electricity generation profile. Ozone layer depletion and mineral extraction were the highest for the heat pump options due to extensive construction required for these options. Conclusions Natural gas utilization as the primary heat source for district heat production implies environmental complications beyond just the global warming impacts. Diffusing renewable energy sources for generating the base load district heat would reduce human toxicity, ecosystem quality degradation, global warming, and resource depletion compared to the case of natural gas. Reducing fossil fuel dependency in various stages of wood pellet production can remarkably reduce the upstream global warming impact of using wood pellets for district heat generation.

Ghafghazi, Saeed [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [Delta Research Corporation

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Single event mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A means and method for single event time of flight mass spectrometry for analysis of specimen materials. The method of the invention includes pulsing an ion source imposing at least one pulsed ion onto the specimen to produce a corresponding emission of at least one electrically charged particle. The emitted particle is then dissociated into a charged ion component and an uncharged neutral component. The ion and neutral components are then detected. The time of flight of the components are recorded and can be used to analyze the predecessor of the components, and therefore the specimen material. When more than one ion particle is emitted from the specimen per single ion impact, the single event time of flight mass spectrometer described here furnis This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. W-7405-ENG82 awarded by the Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in the invention.

Conzemius, Robert J. (Ames, IA)

1990-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

415

SINGLE CRYSTAL NEUTRON DIFFRACTION.  

SciTech Connect

Single-crystal neutron diffraction measures the elastic Bragg reflection intensities from crystals of a material, the structure of which is the subject of investigation. A single crystal is placed in a beam of neutrons produced at a nuclear reactor or at a proton accelerator-based spallation source. Single-crystal diffraction measurements are commonly made at thermal neutron beam energies, which correspond to neutron wavelengths in the neighborhood of 1 Angstrom. For high-resolution studies requiring shorter wavelengths (ca. 0.3-0.8 Angstroms), a pulsed spallation source or a high-temperature moderator (a ''hot source'') at a reactor may be used. When complex structures with large unit-cell repeats are under investigation, as is the case in structural biology, a cryogenic-temperature moderator (a ''cold source'') may be employed to obtain longer neutron wavelengths (ca. 4-10 Angstroms). A single-crystal neutron diffraction analysis will determine the crystal structure of the material, typically including its unit cell and space group, the positions of the atomic nuclei and their mean-square displacements, and relevant site occupancies. Because the neutron possesses a magnetic moment, the magnetic structure of the material can be determined as well, from the magnetic contribution to the Bragg intensities. This latter aspect falls beyond the scope of the present unit; for information on magnetic scattering of neutrons see Unit 14.3. Instruments for single-crystal diffraction (single-crystal diffractometers or SCDs) are generally available at the major neutron scattering center facilities. Beam time on many of these instruments is available through a proposal mechanism. A listing of neutron SCD instruments and their corresponding facility contacts is included in an appendix accompanying this unit.

KOETZLE,T.F.

2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

416

www.cepe.ethz.ch A Real Options Evaluation Model for the Diffusion Prospects of New Renewable Power Generation Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.cepe.ethz.ch A real options evaluation model for the diffusion prospects of new renewable power generation technologies

Gürkan Kumbaroglu; Reinhard Madlener; Mustafa Demirel; Gürkan Kumbaroglu; Reinhard Madlener; Mustafa Demirel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Sapphire - A High Peak Brightness X-Ray Source as a Possible Option for a Next Generation UK Light Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sapphire - A High Peak Brightness X-Ray Source as a Possible Option for a Next Generation UK Light Source

Walker, R P; Christou, C; Han, J H; Kay, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Transportation Options in the Illinois Basin  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) capture options from large stationary emission sources in the Illinois Basin, primarily focusing on coal-fired utility power plants. The CO{sub 2} emissions data were collected for utility power plants and industrial facilities over most of Illinois, southwestern Indiana, and western Kentucky. Coal-fired power plants are by far the largest CO{sub 2} emission sources in the Illinois Basin. The data revealed that sources within the Illinois Basin emit about 276 million tonnes of CO2 annually from 122 utility power plants and industrial facilities. Industrial facilities include 48 emission sources and contribute about 10% of total emissions. A process analysis study was conducted to review the suitability of various CO{sub 2} capture technologies for large stationary sources. The advantages and disadvantages of each class of technology were investigated. Based on these analyses, a suitable CO{sub 2} capture technology was assigned to each type of emission source in the Illinois Basin. Techno-economic studies were then conducted to evaluate the energy and economic performances of three coal-based power generation plants with CO{sub 2} capture facilities. The three plants considered were (1) pulverized coal (PC) + post combustion chemical absorption (monoethanolamine, or MEA), (2) integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) + pre-combustion physical absorption (Selexol), and (3) oxygen-enriched coal combustion plants. A conventional PC power plant without CO2 capture was also investigated as a baseline plant for comparison. Gross capacities of 266, 533, and 1,054 MW were investigated at each power plant. The economic study considered the burning of both Illinois No. 6 coal and Powder River Basin (PRB) coal. The cost estimation included the cost for compressing the CO{sub 2} stream to pipeline pressure. A process simulation software, CHEMCAD, was employed to perform steady-state simulations of power generation systems and CO{sub 2} capture processes. Financial models were developed to estimate the capital cost, operations and maintenance cost, cost of electricity, and CO{sub 2} avoidance cost. Results showed that, depending on the plant size and the type of coal burned, CO{sub 2} avoidance cost is between $47/t to $67/t for a PC +MEA plant, between $22.03/t to $32.05/t for an oxygen combustion plant, and between $13.58/t to $26.78/t for an IGCC + Selexol plant. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to evaluate the impact on the CO2 avoidance cost of the heat of absorption of solvent in an MEA plant and energy consumption of the ASU in an oxy-coal combustion plant. An economic analysis of CO{sub 2} capture from an ethanol plant was also conducted. The cost of CO{sub 2} capture from an ethanol plant with a production capacity of 100 million gallons/year was estimated to be about $13.92/t.

M. Rostam-Abadi; S. S. Chen; Y. Lu

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

419

Cedarburg Light & Water Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Place Wisconsin Utility Id 3208 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service - Regular Rate - Single Phase Commercial General Service - Regular rate - Three Phase Commercial General Service Optional Time-of-Day Rate - Single Phase 7am-7pm Commercial General Service Optional Time-of-Day Rate - Single Phase 8am-8pm Commercial

420

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Best Practices and Design Options for Feed-in Tariffs Agency/Company /Organization: International Feed-in Cooperation Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices References: Evaluation of different feed-in tariff design options - Best practice paper for the International Feed-In Cooperation[1] Introduction.....1 2 Overview.....2 2.1 Definition of renewable energy sources.....2 2.2 Present status and historic development of RES-E in the EU.....2 2.3 Motivation to support RES-E and Member State targets.....5 2.4 Instruments to support RES-E....7 2.5 The International Feed-In Cooperation....8

422

Mobile Generation Options to Enhance Customer Service Reliability: Case Study for the New York Power Authority  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A community served by New York Power Authority (NYPA) has a history of long-term power reliability problems. To resolve these reliability problems, NYPA has evaluated several mobile distributed generation (DIS-GEN) options.

1997-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

423

News Release: Energy Department Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs Option and Lease for Durango Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar Project News Release: Energy Department Signs Option and Lease for Durango Solar Project September 12, 2012 - 2:18pm Addthis News Contact: DOE, Jalena Dayvault, Durango Site Manager (970) 248-6016 jalena.dayvault@lm.doe.gov DOE, Deborah Barr, Reuse Program Manager (970) 248-6550 deborah.barr@lm.doe.gov Contractor, Judy Miller, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs (970) 248-6363 judy.miller@lm.doe.gov GRAND JUNCTION, Colo. - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced completion of initial steps toward developing a solar energy facility on a uranium mill tailings disposal site in southwestern Colorado. The DOE Office of Legacy Management and American Capital Energy have agreed to a three-year option on a lease of up to 25 years on the surface of the

424

U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of 6: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability August 2, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability PLATFORM: Linux Kernel 3.2.x ABSTRACT: The Linux kernel is prone to a remote denial-of-service vulnerability. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA50081 Bugtraq ID: 54763 Vulnerability Report: Linux Kernel 3.2.x The Linux Kernel Archives Original Advisory CVE-2012-3412 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability has been reported in Linux Kernel, which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of Service). The vulnerability is caused due to an error in the Solarflare network

425

U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users 9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges December 13, 2011 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges. PLATFORM: BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software version 1.0.8.4985 and earlier ABSTRACT: A local user can obtain root privileges on the target tablet system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID:1026386 Vulnerability Summary for CVE-2011-0291 BlackBerry Technical Solution Center IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Blackberry PlayBook. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. On a tablet with File Sharing enabled and connected via USB to a system running BlackBerry

426

Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to off grid energy options for RE systems Agency/Company /Organization: Alternative Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.altenergy.org/Glossary/intro.html Cost: Free Language: English This guide is designed to help those who require modern energy-consuming equipment in off-grid areas and who must select appropriate power equipment. Rural development is greatly enhanced by the availability of decent lighting, pumping, refrigeration and audio-visual/communication tools. There is a wide variety of equipment available to meet these needs.

427

Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development: Modelling Energy Scenarios for Ghana Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

428

Simulation of the nuclear fuel cycle with recycling : options and outcomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system dynamics simulation technique is applied to generate a new version of the CAFCA code to study the mass flow in the nuclear fuel cycle, and the impact of different options for advanced reactors and fuel recycling ...

Silva, Rodney Busquim e

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Logical Approach to Real Options Identification with Application to UAV Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex systems are subject to uncertainties that may lead to suboptimal performance or even catastrophic failure if unmanaged. Uncertainties may be managed through real options that provide a decision maker with the right, ...

Mikaelian, Tsoline

430

On testing the Tradeoff Theory of capital structure with real options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain often anomalous results of capital structure tests by infusing tradeoff theory with real options. Of course one can explain almost everything using a soft qualitative theory. This paper's addition is to use a ...

Shore, William T., S.M. (William Thomas). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Report on HVAC option selections for a relocatable classroom energy and indoor environmental quality field study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 49026 Report on HVAC Option Selections for aTable 3. High performance HVAC system filter selectionDrop ("H 2 O) Appendix A – RC HVAC working drawings. Figure

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Analysis of Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Options within a Multi-sector Economic Framework  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

National-scale analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation options is generally carried out using top-down economic models with moderate energy detail but very limited detail in agriculture and forestry. However, a complete analysis of greenhouse gas mitigation options requires an improved representation of agriculture within the top-down economic models used for analysis of climate policy. Greenhouse gas mitigation options within the agricultural sector include changes in afforestation of agricultural lands, crop and livestock management practices, harvesting of biomass crops for fuel, and the sequestration of carbon in agricultural soils. Analysis of such options is usually carried out in a bottom-up model such as the Agricultural Sector Model (ASM). We report on activities to combine the bottom-up agricultural detail from ASM with the top-down economic and energy structure used at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), which has been used extensively for analysis of alternative carbon mitigation strategies.

Sands, Ronald D.; Mccarl, Bruce A.; Gillig, Dhazn; Blanford, Geoffrey J.; Gale, J.; Kaya, Y.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 11 Glycerol Technology Options for Biodiesel Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 11 Glycerol Technology Options for Biodiesel Industry Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press   Downloadable pdf of Ch

434

A practical method for incorporating Real Options analysis into US federal benefit-cost analysis procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research identifies how Real Options (RO) thinking might acceptably and effectively complement the current mandates for Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Circular A-94. ...

Rivey, Darren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Hybrid lattice and decision analysis of real options : application to a supply chain strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In many real world systems, two types of uncertainties exist: those that evolve in small, continuous increments and those that may create large, discrete changes in the system. The field of engineering real options posits ...

Quispez-Asin, Nestor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

IPv6 - No Longer Optional AND Implementing IPv6 at the American...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IPv6 - No Longer Optional AND Implementing IPv6 at the American Registry for Internet Numbers: An Experience Report Speaker(s): Matt Ryanczak Richard Jimmerson Date: November 12,...

437

U-226: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 2, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel SFC Driver TCP MSS Option Handling Denial of Service Vulnerability PLATFORM: Linux Kernel 3.2.x ABSTRACT: The Linux...

438

A real options analysis of Olympic Village development : how design flexibility adds value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies past research on real options - a right, but not an obligation to take some action on a real asset in the future - to a very specific type of real estate development related to Olympic Village development. ...

Martinson, Robert J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Real option analysis as a decision tool in oil field developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis shows the applicability and value of real options analysis in developing an oil field, and how its use along with decision analysis can maximize the returns on a given project and minimize the losses. It focuses ...

Babajide, Abisoye (Abisoye E.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia Tenggara (ENT), eastern Indonesia. The study was the outcome of an ACIAR scoping study undertaken through

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Real Options Valuation of U.S. Federal Renewable Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the cost of non-renewable energy (NRE), and the option orper year. 1 Because non-renewable energy (NRE) costs haveenergy (RE) technology improvement typically employs a deterministic forecast of the cost and performance of renewable and non-

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Wiser, Ryan H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The option to try again : valuing a sequence of dependent trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In various fields of economic endeavor, agents enjoy the option to ?try, try again.? Failure in a particular pursuit often brings renewed effort to finally succeed. Many areas of R&D could be characterized in this fashion. ...

Smith, James L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The Effect Of Options On Pilot Decision Making In The Presence Of Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Option-Based Decision Framework is developed. This Framework may be applied to decisions that must be made in the face of high risk. The work is motivated by the needs of decision makers, specifically aviation decision ...

Dershowitz, Adam L.

444

Option valuation of flexible investments : the case of a coal gasifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the use of contingent claim analysis to evaluate the option of retrofitting a coal gasifier on an existing gas-fired power plant in order to take advantage of changes in the relative prices of natural ...

Herbelot, Olivier

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Currency options volatility forecasting with shift-invariant wavelet transform and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes four currency options volatility forecasting models. These models are based on shift-invariant wavelet transform and neural networks techniques. The à trous algorithm is used to realize the shift-invariant wavelet transform. ...

Fan-Yong Liu; Fan-Xin Liu

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Local Option Transportation Taxes in the United States (Part Two: "State-by-State Findings")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have a local option gasoline tax. Motor vehicles are taxedLicense Fee Motor Veh. Excise Tax Gasoline Taxes Other TaxesGasoline Tax for Local Any city or county Transportation Funding County Motor

Goldman, Todd; Corbett, Sam; Wachs, Martin

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Local Option Transportation Taxes in the United States (Part Two: "State-by-State Findings")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have a local option gasoline tax. Motor vehicles are taxedLicense Fee Motor Veh. Excise Tax Gasoline Taxes ParkingGasoline Tax for Local Any city or county Transportation Funding County Motor

Goldman, Todd; Corbett, Sam; Wachs, Martin

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook: Implications and Energy Options for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) has a large number ofNo. 4: David Shields, Pemex: Problems and Policy Options,b/d. Going forward, Pemex’s expectations for Cantarell are

Shields, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES Sally D. Wright, PE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES Sally D. Wright, PE Anthony L. Rogers, Ph.D. James F. Manwell, Ph.D. Anthony Ellis, M.S. Renewable Energy Research Lab University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

450

Single Cell Mechanics BIOMATERIALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Cell Mechanics BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to develop fundamental tools to measure the response of live cells to mechanical stimulation. The mechanisms by which cells convert mechanical forces evaluate the underlying mechanisms of cell mechanics. Objective Impact and Customers · Cancer, heart

451

Single-exciton nanocrystal laser  

SciTech Connect

A laser system employing amplification via a single exciton regime and to optical gain media having single exciton amplification is provided.

Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Ivanov, Sergei A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

452

Options for Removing Multiple Pollutants Including CO2 at Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a technical review of the fuel changes and technology options for existing coal-fired power plants in response to potential new requirements for increasingly stringent multi-pollutant air emissions reductions, possibly including carbon dioxide (CO2). Preliminary costing of the major options is included. A database of the U.S. coal-fired power plants has been developed for further, more specific analyses.

2002-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

453

Pollution prevention at industrial laundries: Assessment observations and waste reduction options  

SciTech Connect

The sources of pollution within industrial laundries must be identified and solutions found which reduce or eliminate the generation of the wastes through source reduction, reuse and recycling. Pollution prevention should be generally divided into laundry site activities and customer site activities. The report presents several options for reducing solid and hazardous waste generation. Opportunities to reduce the volume of non-hazardous solid wastes through better supplier partnerships also exist. Some options for reducing those wastes are also presented.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Tool for the Analysis of Real Options in Sustainability Improvement Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major challenges in sustainable implementation are the financial issue and uncertainties. The traditional financial budgeting approach that is commonly used to evaluate sustainable projects normally neglects future decisions that might need to be made over the course of a project. The real options approach has been suggested as a tool for strategic decision making because it can provide flexibility which can increase the project value. Researchers have been trying to identify the potential of the real options approach, and provide the frameworks for a real options evaluation and flexible strategy in sustainability improvement. However, some important variables and financial impacts explanation of real options are missing. Models can be improved to show the variation of possible project values along with its behavior. This work aims to improve the real options model in sustainable projects to provide understanding about the financial impacts of flexible strategy to sustainable improvement projects and to be used as a tool to assist decision making. The results showed that real options can have a positive financial impact to the project. The extension of this model can assist the analysis and development of decision policies.

Boonchanta, Napon

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Single spin asymmetries at CLAS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present recent results from Jefferson Lab's CLAS detector on beam and target single-spin asymmetries in single pion electroproduction off unpolarized hydrogen and polarized NH 3 targets. Non-zero single-beam and single-target spin asymmetries are observed for the first time in semi-inclusive and exclusive pion production in hard-scattering kinematics.

Harut Avakian; Latifa Elouadrhiri

2003-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

456

Comparison of two options for supplying geothermal energy to the Veterans Administration Medical Center at Marlin, Texas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two options for supplying geothermal energy to the Veterans Administration Medical Center (VAMC) at Marlin, Texas were compared. One option is to drill a new production well on the VAMC property, and the other is to construct a 6900-ft pipeline from an existing geothermal well to the VAMC. Technical, economic, regulatory, and institutional issues were examined during the comparison. It was concluded that neither option possesses any significant cost or regulatory advantage over the other. The new well option does involve a risk, probably small, of hitting the expected geothermal resource, whereas the pipeline option involves no similar risk. However, the pipeline option will require right-of-way negotiations and a contractual agreement between the VAMC and the owners of the existing geothermal well. Assuming that a new well is successful, that option appears to be in the best interest of the VAMC.

Green, T.F.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Single rotor turbine engine  

SciTech Connect

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Environmental and economic analyses of waste disposal options for traditional markets in Indonesia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste from traditional markets in Indonesia is the second largest stream of municipal solid waste after household waste. It has a higher organic fraction and may have greater potential to be managed on a business scale compared to household wastes. The attributed reason is that in general the wastes generated from traditional markets are more uniform, more concentrated and less hazardous than waste from other sources. This paper presents the results of environmental and economic assessments to compare the options available for traditional market waste disposal in Indonesia. The options compared were composting in labour intensive plants, composting in a centralised plant that utilised a simple wheel loader, centralised biogas production and landfill for electricity production. The current open dumping practice was included as the baseline case. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was used for environmental analysis. All options compared have lower environmental impacts than the current practice of open dumping. The biogas production option has the lowest environmental impacts. A cost-benefit analysis, which considered greenhouse gas savings, was used for the economic assessment. It was found that composting at a centralised plant is the most economically feasible option under the present Indonesian conditions. The approach reported in this study could be applied for 'a pre-feasibility first cut comparison' that includes environmental aspects in a decision-making framework for developing countries even though European emission factors were used.

Aye, Lu [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)]. E-mail: lua@unimelb.edu.au; Widjaya, E.R. [International Technologies Centre (IDTC), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010 (Australia)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Mixed Waste Management Options: 1995 Update. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

In the original mixed Waste Management Options (DOE/LLW-134) issued in December 1991, the question was posed, ``Can mixed waste be managed out of existence?`` That study found that most, but not all, of the Nation`s mixed waste can theoretically be managed out of existence. Four years later, the Nation is still faced with a lack of disposal options for commercially generated mixed waste. However, since publication of the original Mixed Waste Management Options report in 1991, limited disposal capacity and new technologies to treat mixed waste have become available. A more detailed estimate of the Nation`s mixed waste also became available when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) published their comprehensive assessment, titled National Profile on Commercially Generated Low-Level Radioactive Mixed Waste (National Profile). These advancements in our knowledge about mixed waste inventories and generation, coupled with greater treatment and disposal options, lead to a more applied question posed for this updated report: ``Which mixed waste has no treatment option?`` Beyond estimating the volume of mixed waste requiring jointly regulated disposal, this report also provides a general background on the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). It also presents a methodical approach for generators to use when deciding how to manage their mixed waste. The volume of mixed waste that may require land disposal in a jointly regulated facility each year was estimated through the application of this methodology.

Kirner, N.; Kelly, J.; Faison, G.; Johnson, D. [Foster Wheeler Environmental Corp. (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Local Option - Solar Sales Tax Exemption (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Solar Sales Tax Exemption (New York) Local Option - Solar Sales Tax Exemption (New York) Local Option - Solar Sales Tax Exemption (New York) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info Start Date 09/01/2005 State New York Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Upon local authorization, 100% exemption from local sales tax Provider New York State Department of Taxation and Finance New York enacted legislation in July 2005 exempting the sale and installation of residential solar-energy systems from the state's sales and compensating use taxes. The exemption applies to solar-energy systems that utilize solar radiation to produce energy designed to provide heating,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optional time-of-day single" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Performance Analysis of Air-Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis of Air- Analysis of Air- Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options Jeffrey Munk Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Acknowledgements * Tennessee Valley Authority - David Dinse * U.S. Department of Energy * Roderick Jackson * Tony Gehl * Philip Boudreaux * ZEBRAlliance 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Overview * Electric Water Heating Options - Conventional Electric Water Heaters - Heat Pump Water Heaters * Air-Source * Ground-Source - Solar Thermal Water Heater * Variable Speed Heat Pumps - Energy Use Analysis - Measured Performance - Operational Characteristics 4 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Water Heating Options

462

Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option Rights Laws Local Option Rights Laws Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Nebraska Energy Office Nebraska's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create binding solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. Originally designed only to apply to solar, the laws were revised in March 1997 (Bill 140) to include wind. Counties and municipalities are permitted to develop zoning

463

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste The Used Fuel Disposition campaign (UFD) is selecting a set of geologic media for further study that spans a suite of behavior characteristics that impose a broad range of potential conditions on the design of the repository, the engineered barrier, and the waste. Salt, clay/shale, and granitic rocks represent a reasonable cross-section of behavior. Granitic rocks are also the primary basement rock to consider for deep borehole disposal. UFD is developing generic system analysis capability and general experimental data related to mined geologic disposal in the three

464

An exploration of options and functions of climate technology centres and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

exploration of options and functions of climate technology centres and exploration of options and functions of climate technology centres and networks Jump to: navigation, search The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) and the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collaborated on this study. The paper provides an in-depth evaluation of options for the design of climate technology centres and networks, building from a review of existing centres and networks. The paper also evaluates potential implementation approaches and activities for the functions defined for the climate technology centre and network in the draft UNFCCC technology decision that will be further considered at COP-16. This paper responds to a request to UNEP from the UNFCCC Expert Group on

465

Balance-of-plant options for the Heat-Pipe Power System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Heat-Pipe Power System (HPS) is a near-term, low-cost space fission power system with the potential for utilizing various option for balance-of-plant options. The following options have been studied: a low-power thermoelectric design (14-kWe output), a small Brayton cycle system (60--75 kWe), and a large Brayton cycle system (250 kWe). These systems were analyzed on a preliminary basis, including mass, volume, and structure calculations. These analyses have shown that the HPS system can provide power outputs from 10--250 kWe with specific powers of {approximately} 14 W/kg for a 14-kWe model to {approximately} 100 W/kg for a 250-kWe model. The system designs considered in this study utilize a common component base to permit easy expansion and development.

Berte, M. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Capell, B. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

A Review of HOV Lane Performance and Policy Options in the United States -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Review of HOV Lane Performance and Policy Options in the United States - A Review of HOV Lane Performance and Policy Options in the United States - Final Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: A Review of HOV Lane Performance and Policy Options in the United States - Final Report Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Focus Area: Public Transit & Infrastructure Topics: Analysis Tools, Best Practices Website: ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/fhwahop09029/index.htm This report provides an assessment of performance of existing high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane facilities in the United States and explores policy alternatives and effects related to conversion of existing HOV lanes to high occupancy toll lane operations. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

467

Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Agency/Company /Organization UC Berkeley- Energy Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://rael.berkeley.edu/sites Country Malaysia, Borneo South-Eastern Asia, References Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost[1] Clean Energy Options for Sabah: An Analysis of Resource Availability and Cost Screenshot Overview "This report aims to present and analyze information on the potential of renewable energy in Sabah to provide an environmentally-friendly,

468

A Perspective on the Potential Role of Geologic Options in a National Carbon Management Strategy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspective On The Potential Role Of Geologic Options Perspective On The Potential Role Of Geologic Options In A National Carbon Management Strategy David A. Beecy (David.Beecy@hq.doe.gov; 301-903-2787) U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Systems 19901 Germantown Rd., FE-23, Building GTN Germantown, MD 20874 Vello A. Kuuskraa (vkuuskraa@adv-res.com; 703-528-8420) Advanced Resources International, Inc. 1110 N. Glebe, Suite 600 Arlington, VA 22201 Charles Schmidt (Charles.Schmidt@netl.doe.gov; 412-386-6090) U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technical Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236 Abstract. Carbon sequestration is the critical "third-option" for addressing greenhouse gas emissions, along with increased energy efficiency and expanded use of low-carbon fuels.

469

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State New York Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy New York's real property laws allow for the creation of solar easements. Like those in many other states, these are voluntary contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted solar access for solar energy devices. Solar easement agreements are required at a minimum to contain information describing the easement location and orientation to

470

Hazmat work opens up career options for Adam Sayre, agricultural economist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hazmat work opens up new world of career options Hazmat work opens up new world of career options Hazmat work opens up career options for Adam Sayre, agricultural economist Agricultural economics undergraduate works behind the scenes to ensure quality work on gloveboxes used for hazardous materials. August 3, 2012 Adam Syare Adam works closely with many aspects of project management and engineering, such as scheduling and procurement. His main role is to capture and track information and questions during the fabrication process. Subcontractors often come to LANL with questions like what grease to use in a vacuum system, a clarification on a part number, or what to do about design flaws. Adam comments, "This is a great opportunity. You can find a group to apply work in your specific field. It's a good preview of what a job

471

U.S. weapons-usable plutonium disposition policy: Implementation of the MOX fuel option  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive case study was conducted on the policy problem of disposing of US weapons-grade plutonium, which has been declared surplus to strategic defense needs. Specifically, implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel disposition option was examined in the context of national and international nonproliferation policy, and in contrast to US plutonium policy. The study reveals numerous difficulties in achieving effective implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option including unresolved licensing and regulatory issues, technological uncertainties, public opposition, potentially conflicting federal policies, and the need for international assurances of reciprocal plutonium disposition activities. It is believed that these difficulties can be resolved in time so that the implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option can eventually be effective in accomplishing its policy objective.

Woods, A.L. [ed.] [Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium, TX (United States); Gonzalez, V.L. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Political Science

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Using high performance computing and Monte Carlo simulation for pricing american options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High performance computing (HPC) is a very attractive and relatively new area of research, which gives promising results in many applications. In this paper HPC is used for pricing of American options. Although the American options are very significant in computational finance; their valuation is very challenging, especially when the Monte Carlo simulation techniques are used. For getting the most accurate price for these types of options we use Quasi Monte Carlo simulation, which gives the best convergence. Furthermore, this algorithm is implemented on both GPU and CPU. Additionally, the CUDA architecture is used for harnessing the power and the capability of the GPU for executing the algorithm in parallel which is later compared with the serial implementation on the CPU. In conclusion this paper gives the reasons and the advantages of applying HPC in computational finance.

Cvetanoska, Verche

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

US weapons-useable plutonium disposition policy: implementation of the MOX fuel option  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive case study was conducted on the policy problem of disposing of U.S. weapons-grade plutonium which has been declared surplus to strategic defense needs. Specifically, implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel disposition option was examined in the context of national and international nonproliferation policy, and in contrast to U.S. plutonium policy. The study reveals numerous difficulties in achieving effective implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option including unresolved licensing and regulatory issues, technological uncertainties, public opposition, potentially conflicting federal policies, and the need for international assurances of reciprocal plutonium disposition activities. It is believed that these difficulties can be resolved in time so that the implementation of the mixed-oxide fuel option can eventually be effective in accomplishing its policy objective.

Gonzalez, Vanessa L

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Application of Real Options Analysis in the Valuation of Investment in Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are basically two main methods used in the valuation of capital investments; the discounted cash flow (DCF) techniques, and the option pricing valuation (OPV) method. The DCF techniques and other net present value (NPV) methods when used to value investment projects that have flexibility in them tend to underestimate the values of the projects, because they fail to capture the value of the flexibility embedded in such projects. For biodiesel production, such flexibility may include the option to defer, expand, contract or abandon the project, should the economic environment necessitate that. Most biodiesel production projects have been valued using the DCF techniques. This paper evaluates the economic feasibility of converting WVO from the Army Barracks as well as other feedstock into biodiesel, using the OPV method so as to incorporate managerial flexibility in the production process. The log-transformed binomial method (LTBM) is envisaged for the real options analysis.

Yeboah, F. E.; Shahbazi, A.; Yeboah, O.A.; Singh, H.; Holcomb, F. H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling Renewable Power Options for Electricity Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling The Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is working with a team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess the economic and technical feasibility of increasing the contribution of renewable energy in Hawaii. 52076.pdf More Documents & Publications Kauai, Hawaii: Solar Resource Analysis and High-Penetration PV Potential Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative

476

Local Option - Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems Local Option - Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Varies (local option) Program Info Start Date 8/3/2007 State Colorado Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies (local option) Colorado enacted legislation in April 2007 ([http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2007a/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/31EEE26A... SB 145]) to authorize counties and municipalities to offer property or sales tax rebates or credits to residential and commercial property owners who install renewable energy systems on their property.

477

The need and options available for permanent CO{sub 2} disposal  

SciTech Connect

Inexpensive, readily available energy is the cornerstone of modern society and the basis of a decent standard of living. The high probability of future restrictions on CO{sub 2} emissions has put in question the use of fossil fuels, the largest, most convenient, and most cost-effective energy resource available. The rapidly growing world population, the need for an improved standard of living worldwide, and the nearly linear dependence of the standard of living on energy consumption, all coupled with the magnitude of today`s CO{sub 2} emissions point to an impending crisis. The authors briefly review the problem and look at the available options. They conclude that for the foreseeable future, fossil fuels will continue to dominate the world energy market, but that CO{sub 2} disposal will be required. Of the possible disposal options, mineral sequestration of CO{sub 2} appears as an extremely promising, permanent, and environmentally benign disposal option.

Ziock, H.J.; Butt, D.P.; Lackner, K.S.; Wendt, C.H.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Diesel plant retrofitting options to enhance decentralized electricity supply in Indonesia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last 20 years, the government of Indonesia has undertaken an extensive program to provide electricity to the population of that country. The electrification of rural areas has been partially achieved through the use of isolated diesel systems, which account for about 20% of the country`s generated electricity. Due to many factors related to inefficient power production with diesels, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in conjunction with PLN, the Indonesian national utility, Community Power Corporation, and Idaho Power Company, analyzed options for retrofitting existing diesel power systems. This study considered the use of different combinations of advanced diesel control, the addition of wind generators, photovoltaics and batteries to reduce the systems of overall cost and fuel consumption. This analysis resulted in a general methodology for retrofitting diesel power systems. This paper discusses five different retrofitting options to improve the performance of diesel power systems. The systems considered in the Indonesian analysis are cited as examples for the options discussed.

Baring-Gould, E.I.; Barley, C.D.; Drouilhet, S. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

State Bioenergy Primer: Information and Resources for States on Issues, Opportunities, and Options for Advancing Bioenergy  

SciTech Connect

One renewable energy option that states frequently consider to meet their clean energy goals is the use of biomass resources to develop bioenergy. Bioenergy includes bioheat, biopower, biofuels, and bioproducts. This document provides an overview of biomass feedstocks, basic information about biomass conversion technologies, and a discussion of benefits and challenges of bioenergy options. The Primer includes a step-wise framework, resources, and tools for determining the availability of feedstocks, assessing potential markets for biomass, and identifying opportunities for action at the state level. Each chapter contains a list of selected resources and tools that states can use to explore topics in further detail.

Byrnett, D. S.; Mulholland, D.; Zinsmeister, E.; Doris, E.; Milbrandt, A.; Robichaud. R.; Stanley, R.; Vimmerstedt, L.