Speculative Software Management of Datapath-width for Energy Optimization
Seznec, André
Speculative Software Management of Datapath-width for Energy Optimization Gilles Pokam gpokam accommodate the execution of a program on a narrower datapath-width in or- der to save energy the width of the register file to be dynamically recon- figured, providing both static and dynamic energy
FLOATING-POINT BIT-WIDTH OPTIMIZATION FOR LOW-POWER SIGNAL PROCESSING APPLICATIONS
Chen, Tsuhan
FLOATING-POINT BIT-WIDTH OPTIMIZATION FOR LOW-POWER SIGNAL PROCESSING APPLICATIONS Fang Fang design flow to the design of inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT), and show that the power floating-point (FP) signal processing applications in low-power mobile devices, we propose a lightweight FP
Zero Duality Gap in Optimal Power Flow Problem Javad Lavaei and Steven H. Low
Low, Steven H.
power flow (OPF) problem deals with finding an optimal operating point of a power system that mini1 Zero Duality Gap in Optimal Power Flow Problem Javad Lavaei and Steven H. Low Abstract--The optimal power flow (OPF) problem is nonconvex and generally hard to solve. In this paper, we propose
Optimization Online - Information Gap Decision Theory Based OPF ...
rabiee abbas
2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 3, 2015 ... Abstract: A method for solving the optimal power flow (OPF) problem including HVDC connected offshore wind farms is presented in this paper.
OPTIMIZATION OF GRADED BAND GAP CdHgTe SOLAR CELLS A. BOUAZZI (*), Y. MARFAING and J. MIMILA-ARROYO
Boyer, Edmond
145 OPTIMIZATION OF GRADED BAND GAP CdHgTe SOLAR CELLS A. BOUAZZI (*), Y. MARFAING and J. MIMILA and an n-type CdHgTe alloy of uniform band gap as the base region. The optimization of solar energy conversion is conducted with respect to two constitutive para- meters : the gradient of the band gap
John, Sajeev
Metallic photonic-band-gap filament architectures for optimized incandescent lighting Sajeev John occur 3,4 . Tra- ditionally incandescent lighting filaments, despite being driven from equilibrium the blackbody spectrum. This suggests the pos- sibility of higher efficiency incandescent lighting, through
Predicting New TiO2 Phases with Low Band Gaps by a Multiobjective Global Optimization Approach
Gong, Xingao
stable. This is equivalent to a global optimization problem of a biobjective function, i.e., total energyPredicting New TiO2 Phases with Low Band Gaps by a Multiobjective Global Optimization Approach Hou as a novel global optimization algorithm to predict new polymorphs of bulk TiO2 with better optical
Optimal width of barrier region in X/{gamma}-ray Schottky diode detectors based on CdTe and CdZnTe
Kosyachenko, L. A.; Melnychuk, S. V.; Sklyarchuk, V. M.; Maslyanchuk, O. L.; Sklyarchuk, O. V. [Chernivtsi National University, 58012 Chernivtsi (Ukraine); Aoki, T. [Research Institute of Electronics, Shizuoka University, Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8011 (Japan); Lambropoulos, C. P. [Technological Educational Institute of Chalkida, Psahna, Evia GR 34400 (Greece); Gnatyuk, V. A. [Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 03028 Kyiv (Ukraine); Grushko, E. V. [Chernivtsi National University, 58012 Chernivtsi (Ukraine); Research Institute of Electronics, Shizuoka University, Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8011 (Japan)
2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
The spectral distribution of quantum detection efficiency of X- and {gamma}-ray Schottky diodes based on semi-insulating CdTe or Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te crystals is substantiated and obtained in analytical form. It is shown that the width of the space charge region (SCR) of 6-40 {mu}m at zero bias in CdTe (Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te) Schottky diode is optimal for detecting radiation in the photon energy range above 5-10 keV. Based on the Poisson equation, the relationship between the SCR width and the composition of impurities and the degree of their compensation are investigated. It is shown that the presence of deep levels in the bandgap leads to a considerable increase in space charge density and electric field strength near the crystal surface. However, this effect contributes a small error in the determination of the SCR width using the standard formula for the Schottky diode. It is also shown that the concentration of uncompensated impurities in CdTe and Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te crystals within the 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11}-10{sup 13} cm{sup -3} range is optimal for the detection efficiency of X- and {gamma}-rays in the photon high-energy range. The record-high values of energy resolution have been obtained in the spectra of {sup 241}Am, {sup 57}Co, {sup 133}Ba and {sup 137}Cs isotopes measured using CdTe crystals with Schottky diodes because the concentration of uncompensated donors in the CdTe crystals (1-2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} cm{sup -3} falls on an interval of maximum detection efficiency. In the spectrum of {sup 57}Co isotope, the limiting energy resolution has been achieved.
Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Larsen, Greg J. (Brentwood, CA); Sanchez, Roberto J. (Pleasanton, CA)
2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
A lightweight, small size, high sensitivity gauge for indirectly measuring displacement or absolute gap width by measuring axial strain in an orthogonal direction to the displacement/gap width. The gap gauge includes a preferably titanium base having a central tension bar with springs connecting opposite ends of the tension bar to a pair of end connector bars, and an elongated bow spring connected to the end connector bars with a middle section bowed away from the base to define a gap. The bow spring is capable of producing an axial strain in the base proportional to a displacement of the middle section in a direction orthogonal to the base. And a strain sensor, such as a Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensor, is connected to measure the axial strain in the base, so that the displacement of the middle section may be indirectly determined from the measurement of the axial strain in the base.
Air Gap Tunin Yilin Mao, Yashwanth
Elsherbeni, Atef Z.
Air Gap Tunin Yilin Mao, Yashwanth Electrical Engineering Departm The Unive ymao1@olemiss.edu, ypadooru@ Abstract-- An adjustable air gap was proposed the resonant frequency of patch antennas the frequency of coaxially fed p center conductor has to be de-soldered and r time the width of the air gap
Calibration curves for some standard Gap Tests
Bowman, A.L.; Sommer, S.C.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The relative shock sensitivities of explosive compositions are commonly assessed using a family of experiments that can be described by the generic term ''Gap Test.'' Gap tests include a donor charge, a test sample, and a spacer, or gap, between two explosives charges. The donor charge, gap material, and test dimensions are held constant within each different version of the gap test. The thickness of the gap is then varied to find the value at which 50% of the test samples will detonate. The gap tests measure the ease with a high-order detonation can be established in the test explosive, or the ''detonability,'' of the explosive. Test results are best reported in terms of the gap thickness at the 50% point. It is also useful to define the shock pressure transmitted into the test sample at the detonation threshold. This requires calibrating the gap test in terms of shock pressure in the gap as a function of the gap thickness. It also requires a knowledge of the shock Hugoniot of the sample explosive. We used the 2DE reactive hydrodynamic code with Forest Fire burn rates for the donor explosives to calculate calibration curves for several gap tests. The model calculations give pressure and particle velocity on the centerline of the experimental set-up and provide information about the curvature and pulse width of the shock wave. 10 refs., 1 fig.
Energy gap of Kronig-Penney-type hydrogenated graphene superlattices
Lee, Joo-Hyoung
The electronic structure of graphene-graphane superlattices with armchair interfaces is investigated with first-principles density-functional theory. By separately varying the widths, we find that the energy gap Eg is ...
Remarks on statistical errors in equivalent widths
Klaus Vollmann; Thomas Eversberg
2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Equivalent width measurements for rapid line variability in atomic spectral lines are degraded by increasing error bars with shorter exposure times. We derive an expression for the error of the line equivalent width $\\sigma(W_\\lambda)$ with respect to pure photon noise statistics and provide a correction value for previous calculations.
Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - January 2015
Information Gap Decision Theory Based OPF With HVDC Connected Wind Farms rabiee abbas, Alireza Soroudi, andrew keane. Combinatorial Optimization
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Windy Gap Firming Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement, DOEEIS-0370 (cooperating agency) Western's proposed...
alpha reduced widths: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Paul B. Mackenzie; Michael E. Peskin 2014-04-01 117 SENSING ECG SIGNALS WITH VARIABLE PULSE WIDTH Engineering Websites Summary: SENSING ECG SIGNALS WITH VARIABLE PULSE WIDTH...
Marshals, Monotone Marshals, and Hypertree-Width
Adler, Isolde
Marshals, Monotone Marshals, and Hypertree-Width Isolde Adler Mathematisches Institut Eckerstr. 1 D by the Monotone Robber and Marshals Game. While the Robber and Cops Game and its monotone variant coincide, Gott- lob, Leone and Scarcello stated the corresponding question for the Robber and Marshals Game as an open
Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.
Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.
Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.
1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figs.
Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.
1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figures.
Bronson, Mary Ann
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
College Gender Gaps BY MARY ANN BRONSONBY MARY ANN BRONSON FALL 2013 W HY DO WOMEN ATTEND collegerelationship is crucial. Mary Ann Bronson, a Ph.D. candidate
Comparison of GAP-3 and GAP-4 experiments with conduction freezing calculations. [LMFBR
Sienicki, J.J.; Spencer, B.W.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experiments GAP-3 and GAP-4 were performed at ANL to investigate the ability of molten fuel to penetrate downward through the narrow channels separating adjacent subassemblies during an LMFBR hypothetical core disruptive accident. Molten fuel-metal mixtures (81% UO/sub 2/, 19% Mo) at an initial temperature of 3470/sup 0/K generated by a thermite reaction were injected downward into 1 m long rectangular test sections (gap thickness = 0.43 cm, channel width = 20.3 cm) initially at 1170/sup 0/K simulating the nominal Clinch River Breeder Reactor intersubassembly gap. In the GAP-3 test, a prolonged reaction time of approx. 15 s resulted in segregation of the metallic Mo and oxidic UO/sub 2/ constituents within the reaction vessel prior to injection. Consequently, Mo entered the test section first and froze, forming a complete plug at a penetration distance of 0.18 m. In GAP-4, the reaction time was reduced to approx. 3 s and the constituents remained well mixed upon injection with the result that the leading edge penetration distance increased to 0.35 m. Posttest examination of the cut-open test sections has revealed the existence of stable insulating crusts upon the underlying steel walls with melting and ablation of the walls only very localized.
Property:Width (m) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to:USGSMeanReservoirTemp Jump to: navigation,Volumes) JumpWidth
Universal decay rule for reduced widths
Delion, D. S. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 407 Atomistilor, Bucharest-Magurele 077125 (Romania) and Academy of Romanian Scientists, 54 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest 050094 (Romania)
2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Emission processes including {alpha} decay, heavy cluster decay, and proton and di-proton emission are analyzed in terms of the well-known factorization between the penetrability and the reduced width. By using a shifted harmonic oscillator plus Coulomb cluster-daughter interaction it is possible to derive a linear relation between the logarithm of the reduced width squared and the fragmentation potential, defined as the difference between the Coulomb barrier and the Q value. This relation is fulfilled with a good accuracy for transitions between ground states, as well as for most {alpha} decays to low-lying 2{sup +} excited states. The well-known Viola-Seaborg rule, connecting half-lives with the Coulomb parameter and the product between fragment charge numbers, as well as the Blendowske scaling rule, connecting the spectroscopic factor with the mass number of the emitted cluster, can be easily understood in terms of the fragmentation potential. It is shown that the recently evidenced two regions in the dependence of reduced proton half-lives versus the Coulomb parameter are directly connected with the corresponding regions of the fragmentation potential.
Pulse width modulation inverter with battery charger
Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An inverter is connected between a source of DC power and a three-phase AC induction motor, and a microprocessor-based circuit controls the inverter using pulse width modulation techniques. In the disclosed method of pulse width modulation, both edges of each pulse of a carrier pulse train are equally modulated by a time proportional to sin .theta., where .theta. is the angular displacement of the pulse center at the motor stator frequency from a fixed reference point on the carrier waveform. The carrier waveform frequency is a multiple of the motor stator frequency. The modulated pulse train is then applied to each of the motor phase inputs with respective phase shifts of 120.degree. at the stator frequency. Switching control commands for electronic switches in the inverter are stored in a random access memory (RAM) and the locations of the RAM are successively read out in a cyclic manner, each bit of a given RAM location controlling a respective phase input of the motor. The DC power source preferably comprises rechargeable batteries and all but one of the electronic switches in the inverter can be disabled, the remaining electronic switch being part of a "flyback" DC-DC converter circuit for recharging the battery.
Optimization Online - Optimality gap of constant-order policies ...
Linwei Xin
2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 7, 2014 ... In this work, we make significant progress towards resolving this open problem ... OR and Management Sciences (Supply Chain Management ).
Generation gaps in engineering?
Kim, David J. (David Jinwoo)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is much enthusiastic debate on the topic of generation gaps in the workplace today; what the generational differences are, how to address the apparent challenges, and if the generations themselves are even real. ...
Inception report and Gap analysis
Inception report and Gap analysis Boiler inspection Riga, June 2004 #12;Inception report and gap analysis Â boiler inspection Table of Content 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 3 2 BOILER INSTALLATIONS Â GAP ANALYSIS
Global synchronization of parallel processors using clock pulse width modulation
Chen, Dong; Ellavsky, Matthew R.; Franke, Ross L.; Gara, Alan; Gooding, Thomas M.; Haring, Rudolf A.; Jeanson, Mark J.; Kopcsay, Gerard V.; Liebsch, Thomas A.; Littrell, Daniel; Ohmacht, Martin; Reed, Don D.; Schenck, Brandon E.; Swetz, Richard A.
2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
A circuit generates a global clock signal with a pulse width modification to synchronize processors in a parallel computing system. The circuit may include a hardware module and a clock splitter. The hardware module may generate a clock signal and performs a pulse width modification on the clock signal. The pulse width modification changes a pulse width within a clock period in the clock signal. The clock splitter may distribute the pulse width modified clock signal to a plurality of processors in the parallel computing system.
Uncertainties in Gapped Graphene
Eylee Jung; Kwang S. Kim; DaeKil Park
2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by graphene-based quantum computer we examine the time-dependence of the position-momentum and position-velocity uncertainties in the monolayer gapped graphene. The effect of the energy gap to the uncertainties is shown to appear via the Compton-like wavelength $\\lambda_c$. The uncertainties in the graphene are mainly contributed by two phenomena, spreading and zitterbewegung. While the former determines the uncertainties in the long-range of time, the latter gives the highly oscillation to the uncertainties in the short-range of time. The uncertainties in the graphene are compared with the corresponding values for the usual free Hamiltonian $\\hat{H}_{free} = (p_1^2 + p_2^2) / 2 M$. It is shown that the uncertainties can be under control within the quantum mechanical law if one can choose the gap parameter $\\lambda_c$ freely.
Daniel F. Litim
2001-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss an optimisation criterion for the exact renormalisation group based on the inverse effective propagator, which displays a gap. We show that a simple extremisation of the gap stabilises the flow, leading to better convergence of approximate solutions towards the physical theory. This improves the reliability of truncations, most relevant for any high precision computation. These ideas are closely linked to the removal of a spurious scheme dependence and a minimum sensitivity condition. The issue of predictive power and a link to the Polchinski RG are discussed as well. We illustrate our findings by computing critical exponents for the Ising universality class.
GAP TESTS; COMPARISON BETWEEN UN GAP TEST AND CARD GAP TEST
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂ© de
98-36 GAP TESTS; COMPARISON BETWEEN UN GAP TEST AND CARD GAP TEST by R. BRANKA and C. MICHOT, FRANCE (tel.: 33 3 44 55 65 19, fax: 33 3 44 55 65 10) ABSTRACT: UN gap test, type 1(a) or 2(a), is the recommended test in the acceptance procedure for transport of explosives in class 1. Up to the revision
Multiple gap photovoltaic device
Dalal, Vikram L. (Newark, DE)
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A multiple gap photovoltaic device having a transparent electrical contact adjacent a first cell which in turn is adjacent a second cell on an opaque electrical contact, includes utilizing an amorphous semiconductor as the first cell and a crystalline semiconductor as the second cell.
Aerodynamic drag reduction apparatus for gap-divided bluff bodies such as tractor-trailers
Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Salari, Kambiz (Livermore, CA)
2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus for reducing the aerodynamic drag of a bluff-bodied vehicle such as a tractor-trailer in a flowstream, the bluff-bodied vehicle of a type having a leading portion, a trailing portion connected to the leading portion, and a gap between the leading and trailing portions defining a recirculation zone. The apparatus is preferably a baffle assembly, such as a vertical panel, adapted to span a width of the gap between the leading and trailing portions so as to impede cross-flow through the gap, with the span of the baffle assembly automatically adjusting for variations in the gap width when the leading and trailing portions pivot relative to each other.
M. S. Bhagwat; A. Krassnigg; P. Maris; C. D. Roberts
2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
In this summary of the application of Dyson-Schwinger equations to the theory and phenomenology of hadrons, some deductions following from a nonperturbative, symmetry-preserving truncation are highlighted, notable amongst which are results for pseudoscalar mesons. We also describe inferences from the gap equation relating to the radius of convergence of a chiral expansion, applications to heavy-light and heavy-heavy mesons, and quantitative estimates of the contribution of quark orbital angular momentum in pseudoscalar mesons; and recapitulate upon studies of nucleon electromagnetic form factors.
Linear Rank-Width of Trees Mamadou Moustapha Kant Isolde Adler
Fondements et Applications, UniversitĂ© Paris 7
Linear Rank-Width of Trees Mamadou Moustapha KantĂ© Isolde Adler November 8, 2012 Linear rank-width is the linearised version of the complexity graph pa- rameter rank-width. While, path-width, the linearised version of tree-width is well-studied, less is known about linear rank-width. We will show that path
Complexified cones. Spectral gaps and variational principles
Dubois, Loďc
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider contractions of complexified real cones, as recently introduced by Rugh in [Rugh10]. Dubois [Dub09] gave optimal conditions to determine if a matrix contracts a canonical complex cone. First we generalize his results to the case of complex operators on a Banach space and give precise conditions for the contraction and an improved estimate of the size of the associated spectral gap. We then prove a variational formula for the leading eigenvalue similar to the Collatz-Wielandt formula for a real cone contraction. Morally, both cases boil down to the study of suitable collections of 2 by 2 matrices and their contraction properties on the Riemann sphere.
CV evolution: AM Her binaries and the period gap
R. F. Webbink; D. T. Wickramasinghe
2002-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
AM Her variables -- synchronised magnetic cataclysmic variables (CVs) -- exhibit a different period distribution from other CVs across the period gap. We show that non-AM Her systems may infiltrate the longer-period end of the period gap if they are metal-deficient, but that the position and width of the gap in orbital period is otherwise insensitive to other binary parameters (excepting the normalisation of the braking rate). In AM Her binaries, magnetic braking is reduced as the wind from the secondary star may be trapped within the magnetosphere of the white dwarf primary. This reduced braking fills the period gap from its short-period end as the dipole magnetic moment of the white dwarf increases. The consistency of these models with the observed distribution of CVs, both AM Her and non-AM Her type, provides compelling evidence supporting magnetic braking as the agent of angular momentum loss among long-period CVs, and its disruption as the explanation of the 2 - 3 hour period gap among nonmagnetic CVs.
Optical waveguide device with an adiabatically-varying width
Watts; Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM), Nielson; Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)
2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
Optical waveguide devices are disclosed which utilize an optical waveguide having a waveguide bend therein with a width that varies adiabatically between a minimum value and a maximum value of the width. One or more connecting members can be attached to the waveguide bend near the maximum value of the width thereof to support the waveguide bend or to supply electrical power to an impurity-doped region located within the waveguide bend near the maximum value of the width. The impurity-doped region can form an electrical heater or a semiconductor junction which can be activated with a voltage to provide a variable optical path length in the optical waveguide. The optical waveguide devices can be used to form a tunable interferometer (e.g. a Mach-Zehnder interferometer) which can be used for optical modulation or switching. The optical waveguide devices can also be used to form an optical delay line.
Gap and stripline combined monitor
Yin, Yan (Palo Alto, CA)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A combined gap and stripline monitor device (10) for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchotron radiation facility. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions (11a, 11b) with an axial gap (12) therebetween. An outer pipe (14) cooperates with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips (23a-d) cooperate with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length.
Gap and stripline combined monitor
Yin, Y.
1986-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
A combined gap and stripline monitor device for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchrotron radiation facility is disclosed. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions with an axial gap therebetween. An outer pipe cooperates with the first beam pipe portion to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips cooperate with the first beam pipe portion to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length. 4 figs.
Capacitor charging FET switcher with controller to adjust pulse width
Mihalka, Alex M. (Livermore, CA)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A switching power supply includes an FET full bridge, a controller to drive the FETs, a programmable controller to dynamically control final output current by adjusting pulse width, and a variety of protective systems, including an overcurrent latch for current control. Power MOSFETS are switched at a variable frequency from 20-50 kHz to charge a capacitor load from 0 to 6 kV. A ferrite transformer steps up the DC input. The transformer primary is a full bridge configuration with the FET switches and the secondary is fed into a high voltage full wave rectifier whose output is connected directly to the energy storage capacitor. The peak current is held constant by varying the pulse width using predetermined timing resistors and counting pulses. The pulse width is increased as the capacitor charges to maintain peak current. A digital ripple counter counts pulses, and after the desired number is reached, an up-counter is clocked. The up-counter output is decoded to choose among different resistors used to discharge a timing capacitor, thereby determining the pulse width. A current latch shuts down the supply on overcurrent due to either excessive pulse width causing transformer saturation or a major bridge fault, i.e., FET or transformer failure, or failure of the drive circuitry.
Chiral expansion of the $?^0\\rightarrow??$ decay width
Bing An Li
2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
A chiral field theory of mesons has been applied to study the contribution of the current quark masses to the $\\pi^0\\rightarrow\\gamma\\gamma$ decay width at the next leading order. $2\\%$ enhancement has been predicted and there is no new parameter.
The width of gamma-ray burst spectra
Axelsson, Magnus
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The emission processes active in the highly relativistic jets of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) remain unknown. In this paper we propose a new measure to describe spectra: the width of the $EF_E$ spectrum, a quantity dependent only on finding a good fit to the data. We apply this to the full sample of GRBs observed by Fermi/GBM and CGRO/BATSE. The results from the two instruments are fully consistent. We find that the median widths of spectra from long and short GRBs are significantly different (chance probability $<10^{-6}$). The width does not correlate with either duration or hardness, and this is thus a new, independent distinction between the two classes. Comparing the measured spectra with widths of spectra from fundamental emission processes -- synchrotron and blackbody radiation -- the results indicate that a large fraction of GRB spectra are too narrow to be explained by synchrotron radiation from a distribution of electron energies: for example, 78% of long GRBs and 85% of short GRBs are incompatible wi...
Signal Timing Optimization to Improve Air Quality
Lv, Jinpeng 1983-
2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
the gap that the research on signal optimization at intersections lags behind the development of emissions models. The methodology development includes four levels: the vehicle level, the movement level, the intersection level, and the arterial level...
Virtual gap dielectric wall accelerator
Caporaso, George James; Chen, Yu-Jiuan; Nelson, Scott; Sullivan, Jim; Hawkins, Steven A
2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
A virtual, moving accelerating gap is formed along an insulating tube in a dielectric wall accelerator (DWA) by locally controlling the conductivity of the tube. Localized voltage concentration is thus achieved by sequential activation of a variable resistive tube or stalk down the axis of an inductive voltage adder, producing a "virtual" traveling wave along the tube. The tube conductivity can be controlled at a desired location, which can be moved at a desired rate, by light illumination, or by photoconductive switches, or by other means. As a result, an impressed voltage along the tube appears predominantly over a local region, the virtual gap. By making the length of the tube large in comparison to the virtual gap length, the effective gain of the accelerator can be made very large.
A Direct Measurement of the $W$ Decay Width
Vine, Troy; /University Coll. London
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A direct measurement of the W boson total decay width is presented in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using data collected by the CDF II detector. The measurement is made by fitting a simulated signal to the tail of the transverse mass distribution in the electron and muon decay channels. An integrated luminosity of 350 pb{sup -1} is used, collected between February 2002 and August 2004. Combining the results from the separate decay channels gives the decay width as 2.038 {+-} 0.072 GeV in agreement with the theoretical prediction of 2.093 {+-} 0.002 GeV. A system is presented for the management of detector calibrations using a relational database schema. A description of the implementation and monitoring of a procedure to provide general users with a simple interface to the complete set of calibrations is also given.
Determination of the width of the top quark
V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Altona; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; L. S. Ancu; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; A. Askew; B. \\degAsman; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; J. BackusMayes; F. Badaud; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; V. Bazterra; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besan?con; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; G. Blazey; S. Blessing; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; O. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; J. Brown; X. B. Bu; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdinb; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; B. Calpas; E. Camacho-P?erez; M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; G. Chen; S. Chevalier-Th?ery; D. K. Cho; S. W. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M. Corcoran; F. Couderc; M. -C. Cousinou; A. Croc; D. Cutts; M. ?Cwiok; A. Das; G. Davies; K. De; S. J. de Jong; E. De La Cruz-Burelo; F. D?eliot; M. Demarteau; 47 R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; K. DeVaughan; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; T. Dorland; A. Dubey; L. V. Dudko; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; S. Dutt; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; G. Facini; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geist; W. Geng; D. Gerbaudo; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; G. Ginther; G. Golovanov; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; S. Greder; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J. -F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Gr?unendahl; M. W. Gr?unewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haasc; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; J. Hays; T. Head; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; H. Hegab; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; I. Heredia-De La Cruz; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; T. Hoang; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; M. Hohlfeld; S. Hossain; Z. Hubacek; N. Huske; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffr?e; S. Jain; D. Jamin; R. Jesik; K. Johns; M. Johnson; D. Johnston; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; J. Joshi; A. Justed; K. Kaadze; E. Kajfasz; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. N. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; M. H. Kirby; J. M. Kohli; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kur?ca; V. A. Kuzmin; J. Kvita; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; H. S. Lee; S. W. Lee; W. M. Lee; J. Lellouch; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. K. Lim; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna-Garciae; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; R. Madar; R. Maga?na-Villalba; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; Y. Maravin; J. Mart?\\inez-Ortega; R. McCarthy; C. L. McGivern; M. M. Meijer; A. Melnitchouk; D. Menezes; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; N. K. Mondal; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; R. Nayyar; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; G. Obrant; J. Orduna; N. Osman; J. Osta; G. J. Otero y Garz?on; 1 M. Owen; M. Padilla; M. Pangilinan; N. Parashar; V. Parihar; S. K. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridgec; N. Parua; A. Patwa; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; G. Petrillo; P. P?etroff; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M. -A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lermaf; V. M. Podstavkov; M. -E. Pol; P. Polozov; A. V. Popov; M. Prewitt; D. Price; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; I. Razumov; P. Renkel; P. Rich; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; M. Rominsky; C. Royon; P. Rubinov; R. Ruchti; G. Safronov; G. Sajot; A. S?anchez-Hern?andez; M. P. Sanders; B. Sanghi; A. S. Santos; G. Savage; L. Sawyer; T. Scanlon; R. D. Schamberger; Y. Scheglov; H. Schellman; T. Schliephake; S. Schlobohm; C. Schwanenberger; R. Schwienhorst; J. Sekaric; H. Severini; E. Shabalina; V. Shary; A. A. Shchukin; R. K. Shivpuri; V. Simak; V. Sirotenko; P. Skubic; P. Slattery; D. Smirnov; K. J. Smith; G. R. Snow; J. Snow; S. Snyder; S. S?oldner-Rembold; L. Sonnenschein; A. Sopczak; M. Sosebee; K. Soustruznik; B. Spurlock; J. Stark; V. Stolin; D. A. Stoyanova; E. Strauss; M. Strauss; D. Strom; L. Stutte; P. Svoisky; M. Takahashi; A. Tanasijczuk; W. Taylor; M. Titov; V. V. Tokmenin; D. Tsybychev; B. Tuchming; C. Tully; P. M. Tuts; L. Uvarov
2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
We extract the total width of the top quark, Gamma_t, from the partial decay width Gamma(t -> W b) measured using the t-channel cross section for single top quark production and from the branching fraction B(t -> W b) measured in ttbar events using up to 2.3 fb^-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 Collaboration at the Tevatron ppbar Collider. The result is Gamma_t = 1.99 +0.69 -0.55 GeV, which translates to a top-quark lifetime of tau_t = (3.3 +1.3 -0.9) x 10^-25 s. Assuming a high mass fourth generation b' quark and unitarity of the four-generation quark-mixing matrix, we set the first upper limit on |Vtb'| < 0.63 at 95% C.L.
A New Measurement of the $?^0$ Radiative Decay Width
I. Larin; D. McNulty; E. Clinton; P. Ambrozewicz; D. Lawrence; I. Nakagawa; Y. Prok; A. Teymurazyan; A. Ahmidouch; A. Asratyan; K. Baker; L. Benton; A. M. Bernstein; V. Burkert; P. Cole; P. Collins; D. Dale; S. Danagoulian; G. Davidenko; R. Demirchyan; A. Deur; A. Dolgolenko; G. Dzyubenko; R. Ent; A. Evdokimov; J. Feng; M. Gabrielyan; L. Gan; A. Gasparian; S. Gevorkyan; A. Glamazdin; V. Goryachev; V. Gyurjyan; K. Hardy; J. He; M. Ito; L. Jiang; D. Kashy; M. Khandaker; P. Kingsberry; A. Kolarkar; M. Konchatnyi; A. Korchin; W. Korsch; S. Kowalski; M. Kubantsev; V. Kubarovsky; X. Li; P. Martel; V. Matveev; B. Mecking; B. Milbrath; R. Minehart; R. Miskimen; V. Mochalov; S. Mtingwa; S. Overby; E. Pasyuk; M. Payen; R. Pedroni; B. Ritchie; T. E. Rodrigues; C. Salgado; A. Shahinyan; A. Sitnikov; D. Sober; S. Stepanyan; W. Stephens; J. Underwood; A. Vasiliev; V. Vishnyakov; M. Wood; S. Zhou
2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
High precision measurements of the differential cross sections for $\\pi^0$ photoproduction at forward angles for two nuclei, $^{12}$C and $^{208}$Pb, have been performed for incident photon energies of 4.9 - 5.5 GeV to extract the ${\\pi^0 \\to \\gamma\\gamma}$ decay width. The experiment was done at Jefferson Lab using the Hall B photon tagger and a high-resolution multichannel calorimeter. The ${\\pi^0 \\to \\gamma\\gamma}$ decay width was extracted by fitting the measured cross sections using recently updated theoretical models for the process. The resulting value for the decay width is $\\Gamma{(\\pi^0 \\to \\gamma\\gamma)} = 7.82 \\pm 0.14 ~({\\rm stat.}) \\pm 0.17 ~({\\rm syst.}) ~{\\rm eV}$. With the 2.8% total uncertainty, this result is a factor of 2.5 more precise than the current PDG average of this fundamental quantity and it is consistent with current theoretical predictions.
Multiple input electrode gap controller
Hysinger, C.L.; Beaman, J.J.; Melgaard, D.K.; Williamson, R.L.
1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus for controlling vacuum arc remelting (VAR) furnaces by estimation of electrode gap based on a plurality of secondary estimates derived from furnace outputs. The estimation is preferably performed by Kalman filter. Adaptive gain techniques may be employed, as well as detection of process anomalies such as glows. 17 figs.
Band Gap Optimization of Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals Using ...
2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 10, 2009 ... proven very important as device components for integrated optics ...... Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics.
Optimization Online is a repository of e-prints about optimization and related topics. Submissions to Optimization Online are moderated by a team of volunteer
Emplacement Gantry Gap Analysis Study
R. Thornley
2005-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
To date, the project has established important to safety (ITS) performance requirements for structures, systems, and components (SSCs) based on the identification and categorization of event sequences that may result in a radiological release. These performance requirements are defined within the ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (NSDB) (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512], Table A-11). Further, SSCs credited with performing safety functions are classified as ITS. In turn, assurance that these SSCs will perform as required is sought through the use of consensus codes and standards. This gap analysis is based on the design completed for license application only. Accordingly, identification of ITS SSCs beyond those defined within the NSDB are based on designs that may be subject to further development during detail design. Furthermore, several design alternatives may still be under consideration to satisfy certain safety functions, and final selection will not be determined until further design development has occurred. Therefore, for completeness, alternative designs currently under consideration will be discussed throughout this study. This gap analysis will evaluate each code and standard identified within the ''Emplacement Gantry ITS Standards Identification Study'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173586]) to ensure each ITS performance requirement is fully satisfied. When a performance requirement is not fully satisfied, a gap is highlighted. This study will identify requirements to supplement or augment the code or standard to meet performance requirements. Further, this gap analysis will identify nonstandard areas of the design that will be subject to a design development plan. Nonstandard components and nonstandard design configurations are defined as areas of the design that do not follow standard industry practices or codes and standards. Whereby, assurance that an SSC will perform as required may not be readily sought though the use of consensus standards. This gap analysis is prepared by the Emplacement and Retrieval (E&R) project team and is intended for the sole use of the Engineering department in work regarding the emplacement gantry. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from the E&R project team should be consulted before use of this gap analysis for purposes other than those stated herein or by individuals other than authorized by the Engineering department.
Hard-gapped Holographic Superconductors
Pallab Basu; Jianyang He; Anindya Mukherjee; Hsien-Hang Shieh
2009-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we discuss the zero temperature limit of a "p-wave" holographic superconductor. The bulk description consists of a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge fields minimally coupled to gravity. We numerically construct the zero temperature solution which is the gravity dual of the superconducting ground state of the "p-wave" holographic superconductors. The solution is a smooth soliton with zero horizon size and shows an emergent conformal symmetry in the IR. We found the expected superconducting behavior. Using the near horizon analysis we show that the system has a "hard gap" for the relevant gauge field fluctuations. At zero temperature the real part of the conductivity is zero for an excitation frequency less than the gap frequency. This is in contrast with what has been observed in similar scalar- gravity-gauge systems (holographic superconductors). We also discuss the low but finite temperature behavior of our solution.
Determination of the width of the top quark
Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, Maris A.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Nijmegen U.
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extract the total width of the top quark, {Lambda}{sub t}, from the partial decay width {Lambda}(t {yields} Wb) measured using the t-channel cross section for single top quark production and from the branching fraction B(t {yields} Wb) measured in t{bar t} events using up to 2.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 Collaboration at the Tevatron p{bar p} Collider. The result is {Lambda}{sub t} = 1.99{sub -0.55}{sup +0.69} GeV, which translates to a top-quark lifetime of {tau}{sub t} = (3.3{sub -0.9}{sup +1.3}) x 10{sup -25} s. Assuming a high mass fourth generation b{prime} quark and unitarity of the four-generation quark-mixing matrix, we set the first upper limit on |V{sub tb{prime}}| < 0.63 at 95% C.L.
Sootblowing optimization for improved boiler performance
James, John Robert; McDermott, John; Piche, Stephen; Pickard, Fred; Parikh, Neel J.
2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z
A sootblowing control system that uses predictive models to bridge the gap between sootblower operation and boiler performance goals. The system uses predictive modeling and heuristics (rules) associated with different zones in a boiler to determine an optimal sequence of sootblower operations and achieve boiler performance targets. The system performs the sootblower optimization while observing any operational constraints placed on the sootblowers.
Sootblowing optimization for improved boiler performance
James, John Robert; McDermott, John; Piche, Stephen; Pickard, Fred; Parikh, Neel J
2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
A sootblowing control system that uses predictive models to bridge the gap between sootblower operation and boiler performance goals. The system uses predictive modeling and heuristics (rules) associated with different zones in a boiler to determine an optimal sequence of sootblower operations and achieve boiler performance targets. The system performs the sootblower optimization while observing any operational constraints placed on the sootblowers.
Zhang, Qiang; Han, Dezhuan; Qin, Fei Fei; Zhang, Xiao Ming; Yao, Yong
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a multiscale spoof-insulator-spoof (SIS) waveguide by introducing periodic geometry modulation in the wavelength scale to a SIS waveguide made of perfect electric conductor. The MSIS consists of multiple SIS subcells. The dispersion relationship of the fundamental guided mode of the spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs) is studied analytically within the small gap approximation. It is shown that the multiscale SIS possesses microwave band gap (MBG) due to the Bragg scattering. The "gap maps" in the design parameter space are provided. We demonstrate that the geometry of the subcells can efficiently adjust the effective refraction index of the elementary SIS and therefore further control the width and the position of the MBG. The results are in good agreement with numerical calculations by the finite element method (FEM). For finite-sized MSIS of given geometry in the millimeter scale, FEM calculations show that the first-order symmetric SSPP mode has zero transmission in the MBG within frequency...
Low band gap polymers Organic Photovoltaics
Low band gap polymers for Organic Photovoltaics Eva Bundgaard Ph.D. Dissertation Risř National Bundgaard Title: Low band gap polymers for Organic photovoltaics Department: The polymer department Report the area of organic photovoltaics are focusing on low band gap polymers, a type of polymer which absorbs
Generation Gaps in Engineering? David J. Kim
Gabrieli, John
Generation Gaps in Engineering? by David J. Kim B.S., Computer Science and Engineering;3 Generation Gaps in Engineering? by David J. Kim Submitted to the System Design and Management Program on May in Engineering and Management ABSTRACT There is much enthusiastic debate on the topic of generation gaps
Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies
Optimization Online Links. Optimization related societies. Mathematical Optimization Society · SIAM · INFORMS. Optimization related journals. Mathematical ...
Thermal Width of the UPSILON at Large 't Hooft Coupling
Noronha, Jorge [Department of Physics, Columbia University, 538 West 120 Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Dumitru, Adrian [Department of Natural Sciences, Baruch College, CUNY, 17 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York 10010 (United States); Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10016 (United States); RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)
2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
We use the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence to show that the heavy quark (static) potential in a strongly coupled plasma develops an imaginary part at finite temperature. Thus, deeply bound heavy quarkonia states acquire a small nonzero thermal width when the 't Hooft coupling lambda=g{sup 2}N{sub c}>>1 and the number of colors N{sub c}->infinity. In the dual gravity description, this imaginary contribution comes from thermal fluctuations around the bottom of the classical sagging string in the bulk that connects the heavy quarks located at the boundary. We predict a strong suppression of UPSILON's in heavy-ion collisions and discuss how this may be used to estimate the initial temperature.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card - Senior Technical Safety...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Gap Analysis Qualification Card - Senior Technical Safety Manager FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card - Senior Technical Safety Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap...
Beam dynamics of a double-gap acceleration cell for ion implantation with multiple atomic species
Wadlinger, E.A.; Lysenko, W.P.; Rusnak, B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Saadatmand, K. [Eaton Corporation, Semiconductor Equipment Operation, 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, Massachusetts 01915 (United States)
1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
As a result of our work on ion implantation, we derived equations for the beam dynamics of a two-gap-resonator cavity for accelerating and bunching various ion species of varying energies with the cavity designed for one particular ion species of a given energy (the design-reference particle). A two gap structure is useful at low resonant frequencies where lumped circuit elements (inductors) can be used and the structure kept small. A single gap structure has the advantage that each gap can be independently phased to produce the desired beam dynamics behavior for various ion species and ion energies. However at low frequencies, single gap resonant structures can be large. We find that the two-gap structure, where the phase difference between gaps, for the design reference particle, is fixed at {pi} radians can give acceptable performance provided that the individual two gap cells in the entire accelerator are optimized for the ion species having the largest mass to charge ratio and having the maximum required output energy. Our equations show how to adjust the cavity phases and electric fields to obtain equivalent first-order accelerator performance for various ion species and energies. These equations allow for the effective evaluation of various accelerator concepts and can facilitate the tuning of a linac when changing energies and ion species. Extensive simulations have confirmed the efficacy of our equations. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}
Measurement of effective sheath width around cutoff probe in low-pressure plasmas
Kim, D. W.; Oh, W. Y. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, S. J., E-mail: sjyou@kriss.re.kr; Kim, J. H. [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-306 (Korea, Republic of); Chang, H. Y. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Previous studies indicated that the measurement results of microwave probes can be improved by applying the adequate sheath width to their measurement models, and consequently the sheath width around the microwave probe tips has become very important information for microwave probe diagnostics. In this paper, we propose a method for measuring the argon plasma sheath width around the cutoff probe tips by applying the circuit model to the cutoff probe phase spectrum. The measured sheath width of the cutoff probe was found to be in good agreement with the floated sheath width calculated from the Child-Langmuir sheath law. The physical reasons for a discrepancy between the two measurements are also discussed.
Narrow gap electronegative capacitive discharges
Kawamura, E.; Lieberman, M. A.; Lichtenberg, A. J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Narrow gap electronegative (EN) capacitive discharges are widely used in industry and have unique features not found in conventional discharges. In this paper, plasma parameters are determined over a range of decreasing gap length L from values for which an electropositive (EP) edge exists (2-region case) to smaller L-values for which the EN region connects directly to the sheath (1-region case). Parametric studies are performed at applied voltage V{sub rf}=500 V for pressures of 10, 25, 50, and 100 mTorr, and additionally at 50 mTorr for 1000 and 2000 V. Numerical results are given for a parallel plate oxygen discharge using a planar 1D3v (1 spatial dimension, 3 velocity components) particle-in-cell (PIC) code. New interesting phenomena are found for the case in which an EP edge does not exist. This 1-region case has not previously been investigated in detail, either numerically or analytically. In particular, attachment in the sheaths is important, and the central electron density n{sub e0} is depressed below the density n{sub esh} at the sheath edge. The sheath oscillations also extend into the EN core, creating an edge region lying within the sheath and not characterized by the standard diffusion in an EN plasma. An analytical model is developed using minimal inputs from the PIC results, and compared to the PIC results for a base case at V{sub rf}=500 V and 50 mTorr, showing good agreement. Selected comparisons are made at the other voltages and pressures. A self-consistent model is also developed and compared to the PIC results, giving reasonable agreement.
Spatial variation of dosimetric leaf gap and its impact on dose delivery
Kumaraswamy, Lalith K., E-mail: Lalith.Kumaraswamy@roswellpark.org [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Schmitt, Jonathan D. [Department of Radiation Medicine, RadAmerica, LLC-MedStar Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21237 (United States); Bailey, Daniel W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30342 (United States); Xu, Zheng Zheng [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Podgorsak, Matthew B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: During dose calculation, the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) retracts the multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf positions by half of the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) value (measured at central axis) for all leaf positions in a dynamic MLC plan to accurately model the rounded leaf ends. The aim of this study is to map the variation of DLG along the travel path of each MLC leaf pair and quantify how this variation impacts delivered dose. Methods: 6 MV DLG values were measured for all MLC leaf pairs in increments of 1.0 cm (from the line intersecting the CAX and perpendicular to MLC motion) to 13.0 cm off axis distance at dmax. The measurements were performed on two Varian linear accelerators, both employing the Millennium 120-leaf MLCs. The measurements were performed at several locations in the beam with both a Sun Nuclear MapCHECK device and a PTW pinpoint ion chamber. Results: The measured DLGs for the middle 40 MLC leaf pairs (each 0.5 cm width) at positions along a line through the CAX and perpendicular to MLC leaf travel direction were very similar, varying maximally by only 0.2 mm. The outer 20 MLC leaf pairs (each 1.0 cm width) have much lower DLG values, about 0.3–0.5 mm lower than the central MLC leaf pair, at their respective central line position. Overall, the mean and the maximum variation between the 0.5 cm width leaves and the 1.0 cm width leaf pairs are 0.32 and 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The spatial variation in DLG is caused by the variation of intraleaf transmission through MLC leaves. Fluences centered on the CAX would not be affected since DLG does not vary; but any fluences residing significantly off axis with narrow sweeping leaves may exhibit significant dose differences. This is due to the fact that there are differences in DLG between the true DLG exhibited by the 1.0 cm width outer leaves and the constant DLG value utilized by the TPS for dose calculation. Since there are large differences in DLG between the 0.5 cm width leaf pairs and 1.0 cm width leaf pairs, there is a need to correct the TPS plans, especially those with high modulation (narrow dynamic MLC gap), with 2D variation of DLG.
Gap between active and passive solar heating
Balcomb, J.D.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The gap between active and passive solar could hardly be wider. The reasons for this are discussed and advantages to narrowing the gap are analyzed. Ten years of experience in both active and passive systems are reviewed, including costs, frequent problems, performance prediction, performance modeling, monitoring, and cooling concerns. Trends are analyzed, both for solar space heating and for service water heating. A tendency for the active and passive technologies to be converging is observed. Several recommendations for narrowing the gap are presented.
Chiral gap effect in curved space
Antonino Flachi; Kenji Fukushima
2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss a new type of QCD phenomenon induced in curved space. In the QCD vacuum a mass gap of Dirac fermions is attributed to the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry. If the curvature is positive large, the chiral condensate melts but a chiral invariant mass gap can still remain, which we name the chiral gap effect in curved space. This leads to decoupling of quark deconfinement which implies a view of black holes surrounded by a first-order QCD phase transition.
Nielsen, Finn Ă?rup
Canonical Ridge Analysis with Ridge Parameter Optimization F. Ă?. Nielsen, L. K. Hansen and S. C - PLS 1 = k 0 = k optimal k k = optimal k k ÂŁ ÂŁ 0 #12; Canonical Ridge Analysis with Ridge Parameter Optimization F. Ă?. Nielsen, L. K. Hansen and S. C. Strother The Human Brain Project, P20 MH57180 ``Spatial
Undecidability of the Spectral Gap (short version)
Cubitt, Toby; Wolf, Michael M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The spectral gap -- the difference in energy between the ground state and the first excited state -- is one of the most important properties of a quantum many-body system. Quantum phase transitions occur when the spectral gap vanishes and the system becomes critical. Much of physics is concerned with understanding the phase diagrams of quantum systems, and some of the most challenging and long-standing open problems in theoretical physics concern the spectral gap, such as the Haldane conjecture that the Heisenberg chain is gapped for integer spin, proving existence of a gapped topological spin liquid phase, or the Yang-Mills gap conjecture (one of the Millennium Prize problems). These problems are all particular cases of the general spectral gap problem: Given a quantum many-body Hamiltonian, is the system it describes gapped or gapless? Here we show that this problem is undecidable, in the same sense as the Halting Problem was proven to be undecidable by Turing. A consequence of this is that the spectral gap...
Undecidability of the Spectral Gap (short version)
Toby Cubitt; David Perez-Garcia; Michael M. Wolf
2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The spectral gap -- the difference in energy between the ground state and the first excited state -- is one of the most important properties of a quantum many-body system. Quantum phase transitions occur when the spectral gap vanishes and the system becomes critical. Much of physics is concerned with understanding the phase diagrams of quantum systems, and some of the most challenging and long-standing open problems in theoretical physics concern the spectral gap, such as the Haldane conjecture that the Heisenberg chain is gapped for integer spin, proving existence of a gapped topological spin liquid phase, or the Yang-Mills gap conjecture (one of the Millennium Prize problems). These problems are all particular cases of the general spectral gap problem: Given a quantum many-body Hamiltonian, is the system it describes gapped or gapless? Here we show that this problem is undecidable, in the same sense as the Halting Problem was proven to be undecidable by Turing. A consequence of this is that the spectral gap of certain quantum many-body Hamiltonians is not determined by the axioms of mathematics, much as Goedels incompleteness theorem implies that certain theorems are mathematically unprovable. We extend these results to prove undecidability of other low temperature properties, such as correlation functions. The proof hinges on simple quantum many-body models that exhibit highly unusual physics in the thermodynamic limit.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Criticality Safety
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Radiation Protection
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Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Environmental Restoration
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Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Construction Management
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Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Mechanical Systems
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
Effect of gaps on the performance of the vertically installed wet thermal insulator
Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. I.; Park, C. T.; Choi, S.; Yoon, J. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Daeduk-daero 989-111, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
In SMART, the main flow path of the reactor coolant and the pressurizer partially share common walls in the reactor coolant system. To reduce this heat transfer, the wet thermal insulator (WTI) is installed on the inner wall of the pressurizer. The WTI is constituted of stacked thin stainless steel plates. The water layer width between the plates is chosen to suppress natural convection in each layer. The plates of the WTI require clearance for thermal expansion. When the WTI is installed on a vertical wall, this clearance might cause gaps at the top and bottom at the operating condition. In this study, we focused on the effect of gaps at the both ends on the WTI performance. A numerical simulation was conducted for an 8-layer WTI with gaps at the both ends. To compare with this, a simulation of a WTI without a gap, which is an ideal case, was also conducted. The simulation was conducted in a 2-dimensional manner by a commercial computational fluid dynamics code, FLUENT. The simulations showed that the WTI thermal performance was substantially decreased by a flow that circulated through the top and bottom gaps and water layers at the sides of the WTI. This circulation caused a high temperature difference between the wall and the circulating flow. To find a way to prevent this performance deterioration of the WTI we simulated several cases with the smaller gap heights. However, the flow circulation and the higher heat transfer rate were still observed even at a case with the smallest gap, which seems to be hardly achievable in a real installation. Another way of reducing the flow circulation was suggested and also simulated in this study. (authors)
Efficient Computation of Info-Gap Robustness for Finite Element Models
Stull, Christopher J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Brian J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
A recent research effort at LANL proposed info-gap decision theory as a framework by which to measure the predictive maturity of numerical models. Info-gap theory explores the trade-offs between accuracy, that is, the extent to which predictions reproduce the physical measurements, and robustness, that is, the extent to which predictions are insensitive to modeling assumptions. Both accuracy and robustness are necessary to demonstrate predictive maturity. However, conducting an info-gap analysis can present a formidable challenge, from the standpoint of the required computational resources. This is because a robustness function requires the resolution of multiple optimization problems. This report offers an alternative, adjoint methodology to assess the info-gap robustness of Ax = b-like numerical models solved for a solution x. Two situations that can arise in structural analysis and design are briefly described and contextualized within the info-gap decision theory framework. The treatments of the info-gap problems, using the adjoint methodology are outlined in detail, and the latter problem is solved for four separate finite element models. As compared to statistical sampling, the proposed methodology offers highly accurate approximations of info-gap robustness functions for the finite element models considered in the report, at a small fraction of the computational cost. It is noted that this report considers only linear systems; a natural follow-on study would extend the methodologies described herein to include nonlinear systems.
Maxson, Jared; Bazarov, Ivan; Dunham, Bruce; Dobbins, John; Liu, Xianghong; Smolenski, Karl [Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new high voltage photoemission gun has been constructed at Cornell University which features a segmented insulator and a movable anode, allowing the cathode-anode gap to be adjusted. In this work, we describe the gun's overall mechanical and high voltage design, the surface preparation of components, as well as the clean construction methods. We present high voltage conditioning data using a 50 mm cathode-anode gap, in which the conditioning voltage exceeds 500 kV, as well as at smaller gaps. Finally, we present simulated emittance results obtained from a genetic optimization scheme using voltage values based on the conditioning data. These results indicate that for charges up to 100 pC, a 30 mm gap at 400 kV has equal or smaller 100% emittance than a 50 mm gap at 450 kV, and also a smaller core emittance, when placed as the source for the Cornell energy recovery linac photoinjector with bunch length constrained to be <3 ps rms. For 100 pC up to 0.5 nC charges, the 50 mm gap has larger core emittance than the 30 mm gap, but conversely smaller 100% emittance.
Getman, Dan
2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
To help guide its future data collection efforts, The DOE GTO funded a data gap analysis in FY2012 to identify high potential hydrothermal areas where critical data are needed. This analysis was updated in FY2013 and the resulting datasets are represented by this metadata. The original process was published in FY 2012 and is available here: https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/GeoConf/papers/SGW/2013/Esposito.pdf Though there are many types of data that can be used for hydrothermal exploration, five types of exploration data were targeted for this analysis. These data types were selected for their regional reconnaissance potential, and include many of the primary exploration techniques currently used by the geothermal industry. The data types include: 1. well data 2. geologic maps 3. fault maps 4. geochemistry data 5. geophysical data To determine data coverage, metadata for exploration data (including data type, data status, and coverage information) were collected and catalogued from nodes on the National Geothermal Data System (NGDS). It is the intention of this analysis that the data be updated from this source in a semi-automated fashion as new datasets are added to the NGDS nodes. In addition to this upload, an online tool was developed to allow all geothermal data providers to access this assessment and to directly add metadata themselves and view the results of the analysis via maps of data coverage in Geothermal Prospector (http://maps.nrel.gov/gt_prospector). A grid of the contiguous U.S. was created with 88,000 10-km by 10-km grid cells, and each cell was populated with the status of data availability corresponding to the five data types. Using these five data coverage maps and the USGS Resource Potential Map, sites were identified for future data collection efforts. These sites signify both that the USGS has indicated high favorability of occurrence of geothermal resources and that data gaps exist. The uploaded data are contained in two data files for each data category. The first file contains the grid and is in the SHP file format (shape file.) Each populated grid cell represents a 10k area within which data is known to exist. The second file is a CSV (comma separated value) file that contains all of the individual layers that intersected with the grid. This CSV can be joined with the map to retrieve a list of datasets that are available at any given site. The attributes in the CSV include: 1. grid_id : The id of the grid cell that the data intersects with 2. title: This represents the name of the WFS service that intersected with this grid cell 3. abstract: This represents the description of the WFS service that intersected with this grid cell 4. gap_type: This represents the category of data availability that these data fall within. As the current processing is pulling data from NGDS, this category universally represents data that are available in the NGDS and are ready for acquisition for analytic purposes. 5. proprietary_type: Whether the data are considered proprietary 6. service_type: The type of service 7. base_url: The service URL
approximate half-intensity widths: Topics by E-print Network
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average and dispersion differing from reduced neutron width. The main result of the analysis: the mean spacing and neutron strength function values can be determined only...
Design of width-extensional, piezoelectric RF MEMS resonators and filters
Cox, Jonathan A
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Existing width-extensional, piezoelectric resonators (LBARs) suffer from high motional resistance and susceptibility to manufacturing disorder. Attempts to lower motional resistance by connecting many LBARs electrically ...
E-Print Network 3.0 - ablated plasma width Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
ablated plasma width Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ultrashort pulsed laser ablation and stripping Summary: Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2009 Abstract...
For "Ribbons" of Graphene, Width Matters | U.S. DOE Office of...
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For "Ribbons" of Graphene, Width Matters Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy...
Drop short control of electrode gap
Fisher, Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Maroone, James P. (Albuquerque, NM); Tipping, Donald W. (Albuquerque, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM)
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
During vacuum consumable arc remelting the electrode gap between a consumable electrode and a pool of molten metal is difficult to control. The present invention monitors drop shorts by detecting a decrease in the voltage between the consumable electrode and molten pool. The drop shorts and their associated voltage reductions occur as repetitive pulses which are closely correlated to the electrode gap. Thus, the method and apparatus of the present invention controls electrode gap based upon drop shorts detected from the monitored anode-cathode voltage. The number of drop shorts are accumulated, and each time the number of drop shorts reach a predetermined number, the average period between drop shorts is calculated from this predetermined number and the time in which this number is accumulated. This average drop short period is used in a drop short period electrode gap model which determines the actual electrode gap from the drop short. The actual electrode gap is then compared with a desired electrode gap which is selected to produce optimum operating conditions and the velocity of the consumable error is varied based upon the gap error. The consumable electrode is driven according to any prior art system at this velocity. In the preferred embodiment, a microprocessor system is utilized to perform the necessary calculations and further to monitor the duration of each drop short. If any drop short exceeds a preset duration period, the consumable electrode is rapidly retracted a predetermined distance to prevent bonding of the consumable electrode to the molten remelt.
Narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductors
Madan, A.; Mahan, A.H.
1985-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed is a narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprising an alloy of amorphous silicon and a band gap narrowing element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Ge, and Pb, with an electron donor dopant selected from the group consisting of P, As, Sb, Bi and N. The process for producing the narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprises the steps of forming an alloy comprising amorphous silicon and at least one of the aforesaid band gap narrowing elements in amount sufficient to narrow the band gap of the silicon semiconductor alloy below that of amorphous silicon, and also utilizing sufficient amounts of the aforesaid electron donor dopant to maintain the amorphous silicon alloy as an n-type semiconductor.
Thin plate gap bridging study for Nd:YAG pulsed laser lap welds.
Roach, Robert Allen; Fuerschbach, Phillip William; Bernal, John E.; Norris, Jerome T.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an on going study of gap bridging for thin plate Nd:YAG laser lap welds, empirical data, high speed imaging, and computer modeling were utilized to better understand surface physics attributed to the formation and solidification of a weld pool. Experimental data indicates better gap bridging can be achieved through optimized laser parameters such as pulse length, duration, and energy. Long pulse durations at low energies generating low peak powers were found to create the highest percent of gap bridging ability. At constant peak power, gap-bridging ability was further improved by using a smaller spot diameter resulting in higher irradiances. Hence, welding in focus is preferable for bridging gaps. Gas shielding was also found to greatly impact gap-bridging ability. Gapped lap welds that could not be bridged with UHP Argon gas shielding, were easily bridged when left unshielded and exposed to only air. Incident weld angle and joint offset were also investigated for their ability to improve gap bridging. Optical filters and brightlight surface illumination enabled high-speed imaging to capture the fluid dynamics of a forming and solidifying weld pool. The effects of various laser parameters and the weld pool's interaction with the laser beam could also be observed utilizing the high-speed imaging. The work described is used to develop and validate a computer model with improved weld pool physics. Finite element models have been used to derive insight into the physics of gap bridging. The dynamics of the fluid motion within the weld pool in conjunction with the free surface physics have been the primary focus of the modeling efforts. Surface tension has been found to be a more significant factor in determining final weld pool shape than expected.
Downstream variations in the width of bedrock channels David R. Montgomery and Karen B. Gran
Montgomery, David R.
Downstream variations in the width of bedrock channels David R. Montgomery and Karen B. Gran the Mokelumne River show that bedrock channel width decreases substantially downstream at the contact between show systematic channel widening after flood flows and debris flow impacts. We conclude that downstream
Control of DNA minor groove width and Fis protein binding by the purine 2-amino group
Rohs, Remo
Control of DNA minor groove width and Fis protein binding by the purine 2-amino group Stephen P within the center of the FisÂDNA complex narrows to about half the mean minor groove width of canonical B by the Fis protein, reduce binding affinities up to 2000-fold over A/T-rich sequences. We show here through
Reduced Neutron Widths in the Nuclear Data Ensemble: Experiment and Theory Do Not Agree
Koehler, Paul Edward [ORNL
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I have analyzed reduced neutron widths ($\\Gamma _{n}^{0}$) for the subset of 1245 resonances in the nuclear data ensemble (NDE) for which they have been reported. Random matrix theory (RMT) predicts for the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) that these widths should follow a $\\chi ^{2}$ distribution having one degree of freedom ($\
Three-tank hoist scheduling problem with unbounded or zero-width processing windows
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂ© de
Three-tank hoist scheduling problem with unbounded or zero-width processing windows Fabien Mangione, the products are transferred in successive tanks by a hoist. Moreover, each processing time is nested between of identical parts in a balanced three-tank line. We prove that for zero-width or unbounded processing windows
Yield learning with line width, sample size and bridge resistance variation
Hussain, Wajid
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
observed the effects of certain noise sources such as line width variation, sample size and bridge resistance on yield learning, and determined how to account for them. In this research we will show that since line width variation is not random on a few...
Engine piston having an insulating air gap
Jarrett, Mark Wayne (Washington, IL); Hunold,Brent Michael (Apex, NC)
2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
A piston for an internal combustion engine has an upper crown with a top and a bottom surface, and a lower crown with a top and a bottom surface. The upper crown and the lower crown are fixedly attached to each other using welds, with the bottom surface of the upper crown and the top surface of the lower crown forming a mating surface. The piston also has at least one centrally located air gap formed on the mating surface. The air gap is sealed to prevent substantial airflow into or out of the air gap.
Optimization 1-1 Convex Optimization & Duality
Fan, Xingzhe
1 Optimization 1-1 Convex Optimization & Duality EEN634, Spring 2007 BASED ON LECTURES GIVEN AT MIT and Princeton Department of ECE, UMiami Optimization 1-2 #12;2 Optimization 1-3 Optimization 1-4 #12;3 Optimization 1-5 Optimization 1-6 #12;4 Optimization 1-7 Optimization 1-8 #12;5 Optimization 1-9 Optimization 1
Are We Closing the School Discipline Gap?
Losen, Daniel; Hodson, Cheri; Keith II, Michael A; Morrison, Katrina; Belway, Shakti
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
D.J. , (Ed). Closing the School Discipline Gap: EquitableBooth, E.A. (2011). Breaking schools’ rules: A statewidestudy of how school discipline relates to students’ success
Columbia River Component Data Gap Analysis
L. C. Hulstrom
2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
This Data Gap Analysis report documents the results of a study conducted by Washington Closure Hanford (WCH) to compile and reivew the currently available surface water and sediment data for the Columbia River near and downstream of the Hanford Site. This Data Gap Analysis study was conducted to review the adequacy of the existing surface water and sediment data set from the Columbia River, with specific reference to the use of the data in future site characterization and screening level risk assessments.
Beam dumping system and abort gap
Uythoven, J
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The performance of the beam dumping systems and the abort gap cleaning are reviewed in the context of the general machine protection system. Details of the commissioning experience and setting up, encountered equipment problems, the experience with and status of the eXternal Post Operational Checks (XPOC) and the importance of operational procedures are presented for the beam dumping system. The brief experience with the abort gap cleaning is also presented.
Optimization Online - Optimal Design of Electrical Machines ...
Sonia Cafieri
2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 8, 2011 ... Optimal Design of Electrical Machines: Mathematical Programming ... Science and Engineering (Multidisciplinary Design Optimization ).
NWChem: Bridging the Gap Between Experimental and Computational...
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NWChem: Bridging the Gap Between Experimental and Computational Chemistry NWChem: Bridging the Gap Between Experimental and Computational Chemistry Intel recently interviewed...
antiparticle spectrometer gaps: Topics by E-print Network
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Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 The General Antiparticle Spectrometer (GAPS) - Hunt for dark matter using low-energy antideuterons CERN Preprints Summary: The GAPS experiment is...
Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and Applied Models for HCCI Engines Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and Applied Models for...
Direct optimization overly optimizes data Kazunori Yoshizawa
Yoshizawa, Kazunori
OPINION Direct optimization overly optimizes data Kazunori Yoshizawa Systematic Entomology optimization is a criterion that recognizes sequence alignment and tree search as a single epistemological optimization criterion, all data partitions are combined and optimized simultaneously along with the same tree
Nuclear magnetic absorption line widths in weak magnetic fields with a Robinson oscillator
Flugum, Timothy Lee
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NUCLEAR MAGNETIC ABSORPTION LINE WIDTHS IN WEAK MAGNETIC FIELDS WITH A ROBINSON OSCILLATOR A Thesis by TIMOTHY LEE FLUGUM Subnntted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 19SI Major Subject: Physics NUCLEAR MAGNETIC ABSORPTION LINE WIDTHS IN WEAK MAGNETIC FIELDS WITH A ROBINSON OSCILLATOR A Thesis TIMOTHY LEE FLUGUM Approved as to style and content by: Nelson M. Duller (Chairman...
Hiding a Higgs width enhancement from off-shell gg (--> h*) --> ZZ measurements
Heather E. Logan
2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements of the off-shell Higgs boson production cross section in gg (--> h*) --> ZZ have recently been used by the CMS and ATLAS collaborations to indirectly constrain the total width of the Higgs boson. I point out that the interpretation of these measurements as a Higgs width constraint can be invalidated if additional neutral Higgs boson(s) are present with masses below about 350 GeV.
Michael Maziashvili
2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
A simple idea restricting the brane width due to astronomical observations is proposed. Not to contradict the observational data the brane width should be of about Planck size giving therefore strict criterion in selecting the realistic braneworld models.
A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty
Carver, Jeffrey C.
CAVT A University of Alabama Axial-Gap Electric Motor Developmenty Research Center OBJECTIVE Â Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electric Axial motor Â Develop axial gap permanent-magnet electric motor topologies with high torque and power densities MOTIVATION Â Axial-gap ("pancake") motors have
Oscillation of Fourier Integrals with a spectral gap
1910-30-71T23:59:59.000Z
May 30, 2003 ... In engineering literature, functions with a spectral gap are called high- .... High-
Brown, Matt
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 and 26. APPENDIX B Optimizations Included in thisappendix are the three optimization steps which together
Natural Gas Engine Development Gaps (Presentation)
Zigler, B.T.
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
A review of current natural gas vehicle offerings is presented for both light-duty and medium- and heavy-duty applications. Recent gaps in the marketplace are discussed, along with how they have been or may be addressed. The stakeholder input process for guiding research and development needs via the Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum (NGVTF) to the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission is reviewed. Current high-level natural gas engine development gap areas are highlighted, including efficiency, emissions, and the certification process.
Homolumo gap from dynamical energy levels
Andric, I.; Jonke, L.; Jurman, D.; Nielsen, H. B. [Theoretical Physics Division, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, P.O. Box 180, 10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen DK 2100 (Denmark)
2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a dynamical matrix model where the matrix is interpreted as a Hamiltonian representing interaction of a bosonic system with a single fermion. We show how a system of second-quantized fermions influences the ground state of the whole system by producing a gap between the highest eigenvalue of the occupied single-fermion states and the lowest eigenvalue of the unoccupied single-fermion states. We describe the development of the gap in both the strong and weak coupling regimes, while for the intermediate coupling strength we expect formation of homolumo kinks.
Nonlinear dynamics of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in a finite-width plasma flow
Shevelev, M. M.; Burinskaya, T. M., E-mail: tburinsk@iki.rssi.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)
2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The nonlinear stage of Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability in a finite-width plane-parallel plasma flow is analyzed. The analysis is performed by means of two-dimensional numerical simulations with the use of ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations describing isothermal plasma flows propagating along the magnetic field. The influence of the magnetic field strength, the plasma temperature, and the ratio of the flow width to the width of the transition layer on the formation of vortex layers and large-scale flow perturbations is investigated. It is shown that, if the wavelength of periodic perturbations is shorter than the flow width, the symmetric and antisymmetric modes develop in a qualitatively similar manner. For waves with wavelengths longer than the flow width, the development of such modes is very different due to the mutual influence of the flow boundaries. Analysis of the development of instability at different values of the Alfven Mach number M{sub A} shows that long-lived vortices with a characteristic scale length on the order of the flow width appear in a weak magnetic field for both symmetric and antisymmetric modes; however, the vortex geometries for these modes are different. In a strong magnetic field, M{sub A} {approx} 5, the phase of vortex decay for both types of modes occurs faster than in a weak field; however, in the case of an antisymmetric mode, large-scale perturbations of the flow boundary are retained for a longer time. Analysis of the evolution of the initial disturbance produced by an ensemble of random small perturbations (noise) at different plasma temperatures shows that, for a flow width comparable with the width of the transition region, the development of KH instability is always antisymmetric in character and leads to well-developed large-scale perturbations of the flow as a whole. For a cold plasma with C{sub S} < 0.5U (where C{sub S} is the speed of sound and U is the flow velocity), in contrast to hot plasma with C{sub S} > 0.5U, the development of KH instability leads to the growth of the antisymmetric mode even if the flow width is much larger than the width of the transition region.
Baer, Roi
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for organic photovoltaics from an optimally tuned range-separated hybrid functional Sivan Refaely-Abramson,1 and optical gaps of relevant molecular systems are of primary importance for organic-based photovoltaics of photovoltaically relevant and other molecular systems. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075144 PACS number(s): 71.15.Mb I
Solar wind suprathermal electron Stahl widths across high-speed stream structures
Skoug, Ruth M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steinberg, John T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goodrich, Katherine A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Anderson, Brett R [DARTMUTH UNIV.
2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
Suprathermal electrons (100-1500 eV) observed in the solar wind typically show a strahl distribution, that is, a beam directed away from the Sun along the magnetic field direction. The strahl width observed at 1 AU is highly variable, ranging from 10-70 degrees. The obsenred finite width of the strahl results from the competition between beam focusing as the interplanetary magnetic field strength drops with distance from the Sun, and pitch-angle scattering as the beam interacts with the solar wind plasma in transit from the sun. Here we examine strahl width, observed with ACE SWEPAM across high-speed stream structures to investigate variations in electron scattering as a function of local plasma characteristics. We find that narrow strahls (less than 20 degrees wide), indicating reduced scattering, are observed within high-speed streams. Narrow strahls are also observed in both very low temperature solar wind, in association with ICMEs. Case studies of high-speed streams typically show the strahl narrowing at the leading edge of the stream. In some cases, the strahl narrows at the reverse shock or pressure wave, in other cases at the stream interface. The narrowing can either occur discontinuously or gradually over a period of hours. Within the high-speed wind, the strahl remains narrow for a period of hours to days, and then gradually broadens. The strahl width is roughly constant at all energies across these structures. For some fraction of high-speed streams, counterstreaming is associated with passage of the corotating interaction region. In these cases, we find the widths of the two counterstreaming beams frequently differ by more than 40 degrees. This dramatic difference in strahl width contrasts with observations in the solar wind as a whole, in which counterstreaming strahls typically differ in width by less than 20 degrees.
Closing the Gap in Control System Implementations
Saha, Indranil
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of off-line scheduling and optimal control. ” In Proceedingsframework for scheduling control tasks from multiple controlthe problem of scheduling control tasks from multiple
Herman, D.; Summers, W.; Danko, E.
2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
A project has been undertaken to develop an electrochemical cell and support equipment for evaluation of a gas diffusion electrode-based, narrow-electrolyte-gap anode for SO{sub 2} oxidation in the hydrogen production cycle of the hybrid sulfur (HyS) process. The project supported the HyS development program at the Savannah River National Lab (SRNL). The benefits of using a gas diffusion electrode in conjunction with the narrow anolyte gap are being determined through electrochemical polarization testing under a variety conditions, and by comparison to results produced by SRNL and others using anode technologies that have no anolyte gap. These test results indicate that the NGA cell has low resistance suitable for use in the HyS electrolyzer, exhibits good efficiency at high current densities compared to the direct feed HyS electrolyzer, and indicates robust performance in extended testing over 65 hours. Seepage episodes were mostly caused by port clogging, which can be mitigated in future designs through minor modifications to the hardware. Significant reductions in sulfur crossover have not yet been demonstrated in the NGA configuration compared to in-house direct feed testing, but corroborative sulfur layer analysis is as yet incomplete. Further testing in a single-pass anolyte configuration is recommended for complete evaluation of steady-state electrochemical efficiency and SO{sub 2} crossover in the narrow gap configuration.
Energy Gaps in a Spacetime Crystal
L. P. Horwitz; E. Z. Engelberg
2009-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents an analysis of the band structure of a spacetime potential lattice created by a standing electromagnetic wave. We show that there are energy band gaps. We estimate the effect, and propose a measurement that could confirm the existence of such phenomena.
Gapped spin Hamiltonian motivated by quantum teleportation
Ari Mizel
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a Hamiltonian whose ground state encodes a time-independent emulation of quan- tum teleportation. We calculate properties of the Hamiltonian, using exact diagonalization and a mean-field theory, and argue that it has a gap. The system exhibits an illuminating relationship to the well-known AKLT (Affleck, Lieb, Kennedy and Tasaki) model.
Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2003
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2001
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2007
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2001
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2000
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Combinatorial Optimization Submissions - 2002
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Measurement of J/psi leptonic width with the KEDR detector
Anashin, V V; Baldin, E M; Barladyan, A K; Barnyakov, A Yu; Barnyakov, M Yu; Baru, S E; Basok, I Yu; Beloborodova, O L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bobrov, A V; Bobrovnikov, V S; Bogomyagkov, A V; Bondar, A E; Buzykaev, A R; Eidelman, S I; Grigoriev, D N; Glukhovchenko, Yu M; Gulevich, V V; Gusev, D V; Karnaev, S E; Karpov, G V; Karpov, S V; Kharlamova, T A; Kiselev, V A; Kolmogorov, V V; Kononov, S A; Kotov, K Yu; Kravchenko, E A; Kudryavtsev, V N; Kulikov, V F; Kurkin, G Ya; Kuper, E A; Levichev, E B; Maksimov, D A; Malyshev, V M; Maslennikov, A L; Medvedko, A S; Meshkov, O I; Mishnev, S I; Morozov, I I; Muchnoi, N Yu; Neufeld, V V; Nikitin, S A; Nikolaev, I B; Okunev, I N; Onuchin, A P; Oreshkin, S B; Orlov, I O; Osipov, A A; Peleganchuk, S V; Pivovarov, S G; Piminov, P A; Petrov, V V; Poluektov, A O; Prisekin, V G; Ruban, A A; Sandyrev, V K; Savinov, G A; Shamov, A G; Shatilov, D N; Shwartz, B A; Simonov, E A; Sinyatkin, S V; Skrinsky, A N; Smaluk, V V; Sokolov, A V; Sukharev, A M; Starostina, E V; Talyshev, A A; Tayursky, V A; Telnov, V I; Tikhonov, Yu A; Todyshev, K Yu; Tumaikin, G M; Usov, Yu V; Vorobiov, A I; Yushkov, A N; Zhilich, V N; Zhulanov, V V; Zhuravlev, A N
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report a new precise determination of the leptonic widths of the J/psi meson performed with the KEDR detector at the VEPP-4M $e^{+}e^{-}$ collider. The measured values of the J/psi parameters are: \\Gamma_{ee}\\times\\Gamma_{ee}/\\Gamma = 0.3323 \\pm 0.0064 (stat.) \\pm 0.0048 (syst.) keV \\Gamma_{ee}\\times\\Gamma_{\\mu\\mu}/\\Gamma=0.3318 \\pm 0.0052 (stat.) \\pm 0.0063 (syst.) keV. Assuming $e\\mu$ universality and using the table value of the branching ratios the leptonic \\Gamma_{ll}= 5.59 \\pm 0.12 keV width and the total \\Gamma=94.1 \\pm 2.7 keV widths were obtained. We also discuss in detail a method to calculate radiative corrections at a narrow resonance.
Nano-scaled graphene platelets with a high length-to-width aspect ratio
Zhamu, Aruna (Centerville, OH); Guo, Jiusheng (Centerville, OH); Jang, Bor Z. (Centerville, OH)
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
This invention provides a nano-scaled graphene platelet (NGP) having a thickness no greater than 100 nm and a length-to-width ratio no less than 3 (preferably greater than 10). The NGP with a high length-to-width ratio can be prepared by using a method comprising (a) intercalating a carbon fiber or graphite fiber with an intercalate to form an intercalated fiber; (b) exfoliating the intercalated fiber to obtain an exfoliated fiber comprising graphene sheets or flakes; and (c) separating the graphene sheets or flakes to obtain nano-scaled graphene platelets. The invention also provides a nanocomposite material comprising an NGP with a high length-to-width ratio. Such a nanocomposite can become electrically conductive with a small weight fraction of NGPs. Conductive composites are particularly useful for shielding of sensitive electronic equipment against electromagnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI), and for electrostatic charge dissipation.
Spencer, B.W.; Vetter, D.; Wesel, R.; Sienicki, J.J.
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the key issues in assessment of the meltout phase of a hypothetical core disruptive accident in the LMFBR system involves the timing and paths for dispersal of molten fuel from the disrupted core. A program of experiments is underway at Argonne National Laboratory to investigate molten fuel penetration through these postulated escape paths. The purpose of the GAP-4 test was to examine the penetration distances of molten fuel flowing through the flat, narrow channels representing the intersubassembly gap geometry. In the experiment design, the gap geometry was selected to be two-dimensional on the basis that the gap volume in a reactor design would be interconnected and continuous. The molten fuel used in these tests was a mixture of UO/sub 2/ (81%) and molybdenum (19%) which was generated by an exothermic thermite reaction at a temperature of approx. 3470 K.
Partial decay widths of negative parity baryons in the 1/N{sub c} expansion
Gonzalez de Urreta, E. J. [Physics Department, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, CNEA, Argentina, CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Scoccola, N. N. [Physics Department, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, CNEA, Argentina, CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires, Argentina. and Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Jayalath, C. P. [Department of Physics, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States) and Department of Physics, Peradeniya University, Peradeniya (20400) (Sri Lanka); Goity, J. L. [Department of Physics, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)
2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
The partial decay widths of lowest lying negative parity baryons belonging to the 70-plet of SU(6) are analyzed in the framework of the 1/N{sub c} expansion. The channels considered are those with single pseudoscalar meson emission. The analysis is carried out to sub-leading order in 1/N{sub c} and to first order in SU(3) symmetry breaking. Conclusions about the magnitude of SU(3) breaking effects along with predictions for some unknown or poorly determined partial decay widths of known resonances are given.
Partial Decay Widths of Negative Parity Baryons in the 1/N{sub c} Expansion
Gonzalez de Urreta, Emiliano [CNEA, Buenos Aires; Scoccola, Norberto [CNEA, Buenos Aires; Jayalath, Chandala [JLAB, Hampton U.; Goity, Jose [JLAB, Hampton U.
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The partial decay widths of lowest lying negative parity baryons belonging to the 70-plet of SU(6) are analyzed in the framework of the 1/N{sub c} expansion. The channels considered are those with single pseudoscalar meson emission. The analysis is carried out to sub-leading order in 1/N{sub c} and to first order in SU(3) symmetry breaking. Conclusions about the magnitude of SU(3) breaking effects along with predictions for some unknown or poorly determined partial decay widths of known resonances are given.
Combination of CDF and D0 Results on the W-Boson Width
Not Available
2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The results on the direct measurements of the W-boson width, based on the data collected by the Tevatron experiments CDF and D0 at Fermilab during Run-I from 1992 to 1996 and Run-II since 2001 are summarized. The combination of the published Run-I and preliminary Run-II results, taking correlated uncertainties properly into account, is presented. The resulting preliminary Tevatron average for the total decay width of the W boson is: {Lambda}{sub W} = 2078 {+-} 87 MeV, where the total error consists of a statistical part of 62 MeV and a systematic part of 60 MeV.
On fixed-gap adiabatic quantum computation
Ari Mizel
2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum computation has revolutionary potential for speeding algorithms and for simulating quantum systems such as molecules. We report here a quantum computer design that performs universal quantum computation within a single non-degenerate ground state protected from decohering noise by an energy gap that we argue is system-size-independent. Closely analogous to a traditional electric circuit, it substantially changes the requirements for quantum computer construction, easing measurement, timing, and heating problems. Using the standard adiabatic condition, we present evidence that this design permits "quantum concurrent processing" distributing a quantum computation among extra qubits to perform a quantum algorithm of N gates in an amount of time that scales with the square root of N. One consequence of our work is a fixed gap version of adiabatic quantum computation, which several arguments hinted could be impossible.
Chemical potential and the gap equation
Huan Chen; Wei Yuan; Lei Chang; Yu-Xin Liu; Thomas Klahn; Craig D. Roberts
2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
In general the kernel of QCD's gap equation possesses a domain of analyticity upon which the equation's solution at nonzero chemical potential is simply obtained from the in-vacuum result through analytic continuation. On this domain the single-quark number- and scalar-density distribution functions are mu-independent. This is illustrated via two models for the gap equation's kernel. The models are alike in concentrating support in the infrared. They differ in the form of the vertex but qualitatively the results are largely insensitive to the Ansatz. In vacuum both models realise chiral symmetry in the Nambu-Goldstone mode and in the chiral limit, with increasing chemical potential, exhibit a first-order chiral symmetry restoring transition at mu~M(0), where M(p^2) is the dressed-quark mass function. There is evidence to suggest that any associated deconfinement transition is coincident and also of first-order.
SHEEP MOUNTAIN URANIUM PROJECT CROOKS GAP, WYOMING
;PROJECT OVERVIEW Â·Site LocationÂ·Site Location Â·Fremont , Wyoming Â·Existing Uranium Mine Permit 381CÂ·Existing Uranium Mine Permit 381C Â·Historical Operation Â·Western Nuclear Crooks Gap Project Â·Mined 1956 Â 1988 and Open Pit Mining Â·Current Mine Permit (381C) Â·Updating POO, Reclamation Plan & Bond Â·Uranium Recovery
Fabrication of photonic band gap materials
Constant, Kristen (Ames, IA); Subramania, Ganapathi S. (Ames, IA); Biswas, Rana (Ames, IA); Ho, Kai-Ming (Ames, IA)
2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
A method for forming a periodic dielectric structure exhibiting photonic band gap effects includes forming a slurry of a nano-crystalline ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material and monodisperse polymer microspheres, depositing a film of the slurry on a substrate, drying the film, and calcining the film to remove the polymer microspheres therefrom. The film may be cold-pressed after drying and prior to calcining. The ceramic dielectric or semiconductor material may be titania, and the polymer microspheres may be polystyrene microspheres.
To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small Nanostructures Half a DNA Strand-Wide Show Promise for Efficient LEDs April 4,...
Vehicle Codes and Standards: Overview and Gap Analysis
Blake, C.; Buttner, W.; Rivkin, C.
2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report identifies gaps in vehicle codes and standards and recommends ways to fill the gaps, focusing on six alternative fuels: biodiesel, natural gas, electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, and propane.
Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Wednesday, 26 March 2008 00:00 Prospective challengers to...
Substrate-induced band gap opening in epitaxial graphene
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
H.A. Electronic states of graphene nanoribbons studied withS.G. Louie. Energy gaps in graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.band-gap engineering of graphene nanoribbons. Phys. Rev.
Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners
Bridging the Efficiency Gap: Commercial Packaged Rooftop Air Conditioners John Shugars, Consultant ofcommercialpackaged air conditioners, explore the reasons behindthis efficiency gap, and assess opportunities). Although sales of rooftop air conditioners have steadily increased over the past decade, the efficiency
Search for Invisibly Decaying Higgs Bosons with Large Decay Width Using the OPAL Detector at LEP
Abbiendi, G; Ĺkesson, P F; Alexander, G; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Asai, S; Axen, D; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barillari, T; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brown, R M; Burckhart, H J; Campana, S; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Ciocca, C; Csilling, A; Cuani, M; Dado, S; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Desch, K; Dienes, B; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, F; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Gross, E; Grunhaus, J; Gruwé, M; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harel, A; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Horváth, D; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jeremie, H; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanzaki, J; Karlen, D; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, R K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Komamiya, S; Kramer, T; Krasznahorkay, A; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Laerty, G D; Landsman, H; Lanske, D; Lellouch, D; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Lü, J; Ludwig, A; Ludwig, J; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McKenna, J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, N; Michelini, A; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Nanjo, H; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, J L; Plane, D E; Pooth, O; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Roney, J M; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Schar-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Sobie, R J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spanó, F; Stahl, A; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Teuscher, R; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Tran, P; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Vertesi, R; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zer-Zion, D; Zivkovic, L
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes a topological search for an invisibly decaying Higgs boson,H, produced via the Bjorken process (e+e- -> HZ). The analysis is based on data recorded using the OPAL detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 629pb-1. In the analysis only hadronic decays of the Z boson are considered. A scan over Higgs boson masses from 1 to 120 GeV and decay widths from 1 to 3000 GeV revealed no indication for a signal in the data. From a likelihood ratio of expected signal and Standard Model background we determine upper limits on cross-section times branching ratio to an invisible final state. For moderate Higgs boson decay widths, these range from about 0.07pb Mh = 60GeV) to 0.57pb (Mh = 114GeV). For decay widths above 200GeV the upper limits are of the order of 0.15pb. The results can be interpreted in general scenarios predicting a large invisible decay width of the Higgs boson. As an example we interpret the results in the so-called...
UV Spectra and Excitation Delocalisation in DNA: Influence of the Spectral Width
Boyer, Edmond
T)10. Calculations are performed in the frame of the exciton theory. Molecular dynamics calculations and molecular dynamics, which have been developed recently to describe charge transfer in DNA.[81 7/6/2006 UV Spectra and Excitation Delocalisation in DNA: Influence of the Spectral Width
Uncertainties Associated with Theoretically Calculated N2-Broadened Half-Widths of H2O Lines
Gamache, Robert R.
to be calculated theoretically. The accuracy of these calculated values depends on many factors such as the line-shape1 Uncertainties Associated with Theoretically Calculated N2- Broadened Half-Widths of H2O Lines Q-offs used in the theoretical calculations, we have carried out extensive numerical calculations of the N2
SAYA's head-eye coordination system Correspondence of image-width and angle
Beimel, Amos
SAYA's head-eye coordination system Correspondence of image-width and angle 335 - 359 [deg] 0 - 25 - 25 [deg] is input, head and eyes move to right side. b) If the angle within 335 - 359 [deg] is input, head and eyes move to left side. SAYA's head-eye coordination system Correspondence of image
Dielectron widths of the Upsilon(1S,2S,3S) resonances
Besson, David Zeke
2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the dielectron widths of the Upsilon(1S), Upsilon(2S), and Upsilon(3S) resonances with better than 2% precision by integrating the cross section of e(+)e(-)->Upsilon over the e(+)e(-) center-of-mass energy. Using e(+)e(-) energy scans...
Blackledge, Todd
Mesh Width Influences Prey Retention in Spider Orb Webs Todd A. Blackledge & Jacquelyn M. Zevenbergen Department of Biology, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA Introduction Orb webs depend upon threads, the sticky spirals of orb webs perform two important functions during prey cap- ture. First
Digitally Controlled Wide Range Pulse Width Modulator for On-Chip Power Supplies
Friedman, Eby G.
of the inverters This research is supported in part by the New York State Office of Science, TechnologyDigitally Controlled Wide Range Pulse Width Modulator for On-Chip Power Supplies SelcÂ¸uk K Rochester, New York 14627 fvaisband, friedmang@ece.rochester.edu Abstract-- A digitally controlled current
Khan, Inamullah; François, Raoul [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Matériaux et Durabilité des Constructions), 135, Avenue de Rangueil, F-31077 Toulouse (France)] [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Matériaux et Durabilité des Constructions), 135, Avenue de Rangueil, F-31077 Toulouse (France); Castel, Arnaud [Centre for Infrastructure Engineering and Safety, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia)] [Centre for Infrastructure Engineering and Safety, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper studies the evolution of reinforcement corrosion in comparison to corrosion crack width in a highly corroded reinforced concrete beam. Cracking and corrosion maps of the beam were drawn and steel reinforcement was recovered from the beam to observe the corrosion pattern and to measure the loss of mass of steel reinforcement. Maximum steel cross-section loss of the main reinforcement and average steel cross-section loss between stirrups were plotted against the crack width. The experimental results were compared with existing models proposed by Rodriguez et al., Vidal et al. and Zhang et al. Time prediction models for a given opening threshold are also compared to experimental results. Steel cross-section loss for stirrups was also measured and was plotted against the crack width. It was observed that steel cross-section loss in the stirrups had no relationship with the crack width of longitudinal corrosion cracks. -- Highlights: •Relationship between crack and corrosion of reinforcement was investigated. •Corrosion results of natural process and then corresponds to in-situ conditions. •Comparison with time predicting model is provided. •Prediction of load-bearing capacity from crack pattern was studied.
Matlab-based Optimization: Optimization Toolbox
Crawford, T. Daniel
Matlab-based Optimization: the Optimization Toolbox Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff@vt.edu ) 3:00pm Engineering ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 37 #12;Matlab's Optimization Toolbox;Matlab's Optimization Toolbox Classifying Optimization Problems A Soup Can Example Intermezzo
Fuzzy Optimality and Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization
Coello, Carlos A. Coello
Fuzzy Optimality and Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization M. Farina and P. Amato. Pareto optimality is someway ineffective for optimization problems with several (more than three) objectives. In fact the Pareto optimal set tends to become a wide portion of the whole design domain search
Interconnection networks synthesis and optimization
Zhu, Yi
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Synthesis and Optimization . . . . . . . . . . .1.Wire Style Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . B. PowerSynthesis and Optimization . 1. Overview . . . . . . . . . .
Optimization Online An E-Print Site for the Optimization Community. Network Optimization submissions; 2001 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009
Authors, Various
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3 1st Edition FTN4 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES November 1979O. INTRODUCTION 1. COt1PILER OPTIMIZATIONS 2. SOURCE CODEcode. Most of these optimizations decrease central processor
Note On The Maximal Primes Gaps
N. A. Carella
2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
This note presents a result on the maximal prime gap of the form p_(n+1) - p_n 0 is a constant, for any arbitrarily small real number e > 0, and all sufficiently large integer n > n_0. Equivalently, the result shows that any short interval [x, x + y], y => C(log x)^(1+e), contains prime numbers for all sufficiently large real numbers x => x_0 unconditionally. An application demonstrates that a prime p => x > 2 can be determined in deterministic polynomial time O(log(x)^8).
Turbine blade tip gap reduction system
Diakunchak, Ihor S.
2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z
A turbine blade sealing system for reducing a gap between a tip of a turbine blade and a stationary shroud of a turbine engine. The sealing system includes a plurality of flexible seal strips extending from a pressure side of a turbine blade generally orthogonal to the turbine blade. During operation of the turbine engine, the flexible seal strips flex radially outward extending towards the stationary shroud of the turbine engine, thereby reducing the leakage of air past the turbine blades and increasing the efficiency of the turbine engine.
Olene Gap Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/Geothermal < Oklahoma Jump to: navigation,Olene Gap Geothermal
Hashimoto, M.
2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
How out-of-plane disorder affects the electronic structure has been investigated for the single-layer cuprates Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}Ln{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} (Ln = La, Nd, Gd) by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We have observed that, with increasing disorder, while the Fermi surface shape and band dispersions are not affected, the quasi-particle width increases, the anti-nodal gap is enhanced and the superconducting gap in the nodal region is depressed. The results indicate that the superconductivity is significantly depressed by out-of-plane disorder through the enhancement of the anti-nodal gap and the depression of the superconducting gap in the nodal region.
Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2014
January 2014. Constrained Nonlinear Optimization New active set identification for general constrained optimization and minimax problems. Jin-bao Jian, Yi Liu.
Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2014
Zhao Sun. February 2014. Global optimization on the torus, the sphere and the rotation ... RBFOpt: an open-source library for black-box optimization with costly ...
Jodice, Patrick
Optimization Jason Courter Foundations of Ecology #12;What is optimization? Maximization Minimization Optimization Natural Selection 1. Variation 2. Heritable Variation 3. Differential Reproduction #12;On Optimal use of a Patchy Environment Â· Robert MacArthur Â· Eric Pianka http
Advanced Review Geometry optimization
Schlegel, H. Bernhard
Advanced Review Geometry optimization H. Bernhard Schlegel Geometry optimization is an important part of most quantum chemical calcu- lations. This article surveys methods for optimizing equilibrium geometries, lo- cating transition structures, and following reaction paths. The emphasis is on optimizations
[SIAM conference on optimization
Not Available
1992-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
Abstracts are presented of 63 papers on the following topics: large-scale optimization, interior-point methods, algorithms for optimization, problems in control, network optimization methods, and parallel algorithms for optimization problems.
Next Generation Nuclear Plant GAP Analysis Report
Ball, Sydney J [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Corwin, William R [ORNL; Fisher, Stephen Eugene [ORNL; Forsberg, Charles W. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Morris, Robert Noel [ORNL; Moses, David Lewis [ORNL
2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
As a follow-up to the phenomena identification and ranking table (PIRT) studies conducted recently by NRC on next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) safety, a study was conducted to identify the significant 'gaps' between what is needed and what is already available to adequately assess NGNP safety characteristics. The PIRT studies focused on identifying important phenomena affecting NGNP plant behavior, while the gap study gives more attention to off-normal behavior, uncertainties, and event probabilities under both normal operation and postulated accident conditions. Hence, this process also involved incorporating more detailed evaluations of accident sequences and risk assessments. This study considers thermal-fluid and neutronic behavior under both normal and postulated accident conditions, fission product transport (FPT), high-temperature metals, and graphite behavior and their effects on safety. In addition, safety issues related to coupling process heat (hydrogen production) systems to the reactor are addressed, given the limited design information currently available. Recommendations for further study, including analytical methods development and experimental needs, are presented as appropriate in each of these areas.
Quantum confinement in GaP nanoclusters
Laurich, B.K.; Smith, D.C.; Healy, M.D.
1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have prepared GaP and GaAs nanoclusters from organometallic condensation reactions of E[Si(ChH{sub 3})3]3 (E = P, As) and GaCl{sub 3}. The size of the as synthesized clusters is 10 {Angstrom} to 15 {Angstrom}. Larger clusters of 20 {Angstrom} to 30 {Angstrom} size were obtained by thermal annealing of the as grown material. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy confirm the high crystalline quality. A lattice contraction of 6.7% could be seen for 10 {Angstrom} sized GaAs clusters. The clusters are nearly spherical in shape. Optical absorption spectra show a distinct line which can be assigned to the fundamental transition of the quantum confined electronic state. The measured blue shift, with respect to the GaP bulk absorption edge is 0.53 eV. As the cluster is smaller than the exciton radius, we can calculate the cluster size from this blue shift and obtain 20.2 {Angstrom}, consistent with the results from X-ray diffraction of 19.5 {Angstrom} for the same sample.
Extended Supersymmetry in Gapped and Superconducting Graphene
Oikonomou, V K
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In view of the many quantum field theoretical descriptions of graphene in $2+1$ dimensions, we present another field theoretical feature of graphene, in the presence of defects. Particularly, we shall be interested in gapped graphene in the presence of a domain wall and also for superconducting graphene in the presence of a vortex. As we explicitly demonstrate, the gapped graphene electrons that are localized on the domain wall are associated with four $N=2$ one dimensional supersymmetries, with each pair combining to form an extended $N=4$ supersymmetry with non-trivial topological charges. The case of superconducting graphene is more involved, with the electrons localized on the vortex being associated with $n$ one dimensional supersymmetries, which in turn combine to form an $N=2n$ extended supersymmetry with no-trivial topological charges. As we shall prove, all supersymmetries are unbroken, a feature closely related to the number of the localized fermions and also to the exact form of the associated oper...
Extended Supersymmetry in Gapped and Superconducting Graphene
V. K. Oikonomou
2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
In view of the many quantum field theoretical descriptions of graphene in $2+1$ dimensions, we present another field theoretical feature of graphene, in the presence of defects. Particularly, we shall be interested in gapped graphene in the presence of a domain wall and also for superconducting graphene in the presence of a vortex. As we explicitly demonstrate, the gapped graphene electrons that are localized on the domain wall are associated with four $N=2$ one dimensional supersymmetries, with each pair combining to form an extended $N=4$ supersymmetry with non-trivial topological charges. The case of superconducting graphene is more involved, with the electrons localized on the vortex being associated with $n$ one dimensional supersymmetries, which in turn combine to form an $N=2n$ extended supersymmetry with no-trivial topological charges. As we shall prove, all supersymmetries are unbroken, a feature closely related to the number of the localized fermions and also to the exact form of the associated operators. In addition, the corresponding Witten index is invariant under compact and odd perturbations.
The nucleon thermal width due to pion-baryon loops and its contribution in Shear viscosity
Ghosh, Sabyasachi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the real-time thermal field theory, the standard expression of shear viscosity for the nucleonic constituents is derived from the two point function of nucleonic viscous stress tensors at finite temperature and density. The finite thermal width or Landau damping is traditionally included in the nucleon propagators. This thermal width is calculated from the in-medium self-energy of nucleon for different possible pion-baryon loops. The dynamical part of nucleon-pion-baryon interactions are taken care by the effective Lagrangian densities of standard hadronic model. The shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of nucleonic component decreases with the temperature and increases with the nucleon chemical potential. However, adding the contribution of pionic component, total viscosity to entropy density ratio also reduces with the nucleon chemical potential when the mixing effect between pion and nucleon components in the mixed gas is considered. Within the hadronic domain, viscosity to entropy density ratio of ...
Apparatus for controlling the scan width of a scanning laser beam
Johnson, G.W.
1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
Swept-wavelength lasers are often used in absorption spectroscopy applications. In experiments where high accuracy is required, it is desirable to continuously monitor and control the range of wavelengths scanned (the scan width). A system has been demonstrated whereby the scan width of a swept ring-dye laser, or semiconductor diode laser, can be measured and controlled in real-time with a resolution better than 0.1%. Scan linearity, or conformity to a nonlinear scan waveform, can be measured and controlled. The system of the invention consists of a Fabry-Perot interferometer, three CAMAC interface modules, and a microcomputer running a simple analysis and proportional-integral control algorithm. With additional modules, multiple lasers can be simultaneously controlled. The invention also includes an embodiment implemented on an ordinary PC with a multifunction plug-in board. 8 figs.
Apparatus for controlling the scan width of a scanning laser beam
Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Swept-wavelength lasers are often used in absorption spectroscopy applications. In experiments where high accuracy is required, it is desirable to continuously monitor and control the range of wavelengths scanned (the scan width). A system has been demonstrated whereby the scan width of a swept ring-dye laser, or semiconductor diode laser, can be measured and controlled in real-time with a resolution better than 0.1%. Scan linearity, or conformity to a nonlinear scan waveform, can be measured and controlled. The system of the invention consists of a Fabry-Perot interferometer, three CAMAC interface modules, and a microcomputer running a simple analysis and proportional-integral control algorithm. With additional modules, multiple lasers can be simultaneously controlled. The invention also includes an embodiment implemented on an ordinary PC with a multifunction plug-in board.
Constraints on the Higgs boson total width using H*(126) -> ZZ events
Roberto Covarelli
2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints are set on the Higgs boson decay width, Gamma_H, using off-shell production and decay to ZZ in the four-lepton (4l), or two-lepton-two-neutrino (2l2nu) final states. The analysis is based on the data collected in 2012 by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity L = 19.7 fb^{-1} at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A maximum-likelihood fit of invariant mass and kinematic discriminant distributions in the 4l case and of transverse mass or missing energy distributions in the 2l2nu case is performed. The result of it, combined with the 4l measurement near the resonance peak, leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma_H < 4.2 x Gamma_H^SM at the 95% confidence level, assuming Gamma_H^SM = 4.15 MeV.
Expected Precision of Higgs Boson Partial Widths within the Standard Model
G. Peter Lepage; Paul B. Mackenzie; Michael E. Peskin
2015-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the sources of uncertainty in calculations of the partial widths of the Higgs boson within the Standard Model. The uncertainties come from two sources: the truncation of perturbation theory and the uncertainties in input parameters. We review the current status of perturbative calculations and note that these are already reaching the parts-per-mil level of accuracy for the major decay modes. The main sources of uncertainty will then come from the parametric dependences on alpha_s, m_b, and m_c. Knowledge of these parameters is systematically improvable through lattice gauge theory calculations. We estimate the precision that lattice QCD will achieve in the next decade and the corresponding precision of the Standard Model predictions for Higgs boson partial widths.
The In-medium Mass and Widths of Light Vector Mesons
Djalali, C.; Paolone, M. [University of South Carolina, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Weygand, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Wood, M. H. [Canisius College, Department of Physics, Buffalo, NY 14208 (United States); Nasseripour, R. [George Washington University, Department of Physics, Washington, DC 20052 (United States)
2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
Partial restoration of chiral symmetry in ordinary nuclear matter suggests the modification of properties of vector mesons, such as a shift in mass and/or a change of width. Photoproduction of vector mesons off nuclei were performed at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The properties of the {rho}, {omega} and {phi} mesons were investigated via their rare leptonic decay to e+e-. This decay channel has an advantage over hadronic modes as it eliminates final state interactions in the nuclear matter. After subtracting the combinatorial background, the meson mass distributions were extracted for each of the nuclear targets. No significant mass shift is observed, however substantial increase in the widths of the mesons is reported.
Expected Precision of Higgs Boson Partial Widths within the Standard Model
G. Peter Lepage; Paul B. Mackenzie; Michael E. Peskin
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the sources of uncertainty in calculations of the partial widths of the Higgs boson within the Standard Model. The uncertainties come from two sources: the truncation of perturbation theory and the uncertainties in input parameters. We review the current status of perturbative calculations and note that these are already reaching the parts-per-mil level of accuracy for the major decay modes. The main sources of uncertainty will then come from the parametric dependences on alpha_s, m_b, and m_c. Knowledge of these parameters is systematically improvable through lattice gauge theory calculations. We estimate the precision that lattice QCD will achieve in the next decade and the corresponding precision of the Standard Model predictions for Higgs boson partial widths.
PoS(EPS-HEP2013)326 Measurement of the ratio of the leptonic widths
PoS(EPS-HEP2013)326 Measurement of the ratio of the leptonic widths ee/ÂµÂµ for the J/ V. M. The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics EPS-HEP2013 18-24 July 2013 Stockholm, Sweden-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it/ #12;PoS(EPS-HEP2013)326 ee(J/)/ÂµÂµ (J/) measurement E. M. Baldin 1 2 3 4 5 6
The S-D mixing and dielectron widths of higher charmonium 1{sup --} states
Badalian, A. M., E-mail: badalian@itep.r [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation); Bakker, B. L. G. [Vrije Universiteit, Department of Physics and Astronomy (Netherlands); Danilkin, I. V. [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dielectron widths of {psi}(4040), {psi}(4160), and {psi}(4415), and their ratios are shown to be in good agreement with experiment, if in all cases the S-D mixing with a large mixing angle {theta} {approx_equal} 34 deg. is taken. Arguments are presented why continuum states give small contributions to the wave functions at the origin. We find that the Y (4360) resonance, considered as a pure 3 {sup 3}D{sub 1} state, would have very small dielectron width, {Gamma}{sub ee}(Y (4360)) = 0.060 keV. On the contrary, for large mixing between the 4 {sup 3}S{sub 1} and 3 {sup 3}D{sub 1} states with the mixing angle {theta} = 34.8 deg., {Gamma}{sub ee}({psi}(4415)) = 0.57 keV coincides with the experimental number, while a second physical resonance, probably Y (4360), has also a rather large {Gamma}{sub ee}(Y ({approx}4400)) = 0.61 keV. For the higher Y (4660) resonance, considered as a pure 5 {sup 3}S{sub 1} state, we predict the dielectron width {Gamma}{sub ee}(Y (4660)) = 0.70 keV, but it becomes significantly smaller, namely 0.31 keV, if the mixing angle between the 5 {sup 3}S{sub 1} and 4 {sup 3}D{sub 1} states has the characteristic value {theta} = 34 deg. The mass and dielectron width of the 6 {sup 3}S{sub 1} charmonium state are calculated.
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Time Asymmetric Boundary Conditions and the Definition of Mass and Width for Relativistic Resonances
A. R. Bohm; R. de la Madrid; B. A. Tay; P. Kielanowski
2001-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
The definition of mass and width of relativistic resonances and in particular of the $Z$-boson is discussed. For this we use the theory based on time asymmetric boundary conditions given by Hardy class spaces ${\\mathbf \\Phi}_-$ and ${\\mathbf \\Phi}_+$ for prepared in-states and detected out-states respectively, rather than time symmetric Hilbert space theory. This Hardy class boundary condition is a mathematically rigorous form of the singular Lippmann-Schwinger equation. In addition to the rigorous definition of the Lippmann-Schwinger kets $|[j,{\\mathsf s}]^{\\pm}>$ as functionals on the spaces ${\\mathbf \\Phi}_{\\mp}$, one obtains Gamow kets $|[j,{\\mathsf s}_R]^- >$ with complex centre-of-mass energy value ${\\mathsf s}_R=(M_R-i\\Gamma_R/2)^2$. The Gamow kets have an exponential time evolution given by $\\exp{(-iM_Rt-\\Gamma_Rt/2)}$ which suggests that $(M_R,\\Gamma_R)$ is the right definition of the mass and width of a resonance. This is different from the two definitions of the $Z$-boson mass and width used in the Particle Data Table and leads to a numerical value of $M_R=(91.1626\\pm 0.0031) {\\rm GeV}$ from the $Z$-boson lineshape data.
Measurement of high-energy (10–60 keV) x-ray spectral line widths with eV accuracy
Seely, J. F., E-mail: seelyjf@gmail.com; Feldman, U. [Artep Inc., 2922 Excelsior Springs Court, Ellicott City, Maryland 21042 (United States); Glover, J. L.; Hudson, L. T.; Ralchenko, Y.; Henins, Albert [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Pereira, N. [Ecopulse Inc., P. O. Box 528, Springfield, Virginia 22152 (United States); Di Stefano, C. A.; Kuranz, C. C.; Drake, R. P. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Chen, Hui; Williams, G. J.; Park, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
A high resolution crystal spectrometer utilizing a crystal in transmission geometry has been developed and experimentally optimized to measure the widths of emission lines in the 10–60 keV energy range with eV accuracy. The spectrometer achieves high spectral resolution by utilizing crystal planes with small lattice spacings (down to 2d = 0.099 nm), a large crystal bending radius and Rowland circle diameter (965 mm), and an image plate detector with high spatial resolution (60 ?m in the case of the Fuji TR image plate). High resolution W L-shell and K-shell laboratory test spectra in the 10–60 keV range and Ho K-shell spectra near 47 keV recorded at the LLNL Titan laser facility are presented. The Ho K-shell spectra are the highest resolution hard x-ray spectra recorded from a solid target irradiated by a high-intensity laser.
fast ions from the plasma core, possibly leading to degraded ignition margin and localized heat load includes FOW e ects in the growth rate calculation based on a small radial orbit width approximation injection NBI, ion cyclotron resonance heating ICRH etc., have nite radial orbit width FOW and nite Larmor
Optimizing the Aerodynamic Efficiency of IM Freight Trains
Barkan, Christopher P.L.
Optimizing the Aerodynamic Efficiency of IM Freight Trains Yung-Cheng Lai University of Illinois aerodynamic penalties and fuel consumption than general trains IM trains suffer from their equipment design and loading pattern These large gaps directly affect the aerodynamic drag of the train. This effect is greater
Arc voltage distribution skewness as an indicator of electrode gap during vacuum arc remelting
Williamson, Rodney L. (Albuquerque, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Grose, Stephen M. (Glenwood, WV)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The electrode gap of a VAR is monitored by determining the skewness of a distribution of gap voltage measurements. A decrease in skewness indicates an increase in gap and may be used to control the gap.
Arc voltage distribution skewness as an indicator of electrode gap during vacuum arc remelting
Williamson, R.L.; Zanner, F.J.; Grose, S.M.
1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
The electrode gap of a VAR is monitored by determining the skewness of a distribution of gap voltage measurements. A decrease in skewness indicates an increase in gap and may be used to control the gap. 4 figs.
Derivative Free Optimization Methods for Optimizing Stirrer ...
2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
It also gives a comparison of the two optimization algorithms. Key words: Energy, Numerical Optimization, Derivative-Free Optimization,. Computational Fluid ... numerical simulations are needed for the computation of the fluid flow inside the stirrer for ..... Optimization Methods and Software, 20 (2005) 493-508. [6] A. R. Conn ...
Sensitivity Analysis of the Gap Heat Transfer Model in BISON.
Swiler, Laura Painton; Schmidt, Rodney C.; Williamson, Richard (INL); Perez, Danielle (INL)
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the result of a NEAMS project focused on sensitivity analysis of the heat transfer model in the gap between the fuel rod and the cladding used in the BISON fuel performance code of Idaho National Laboratory. Using the gap heat transfer models in BISON, the sensitivity of the modeling parameters and the associated responses is investigated. The study results in a quantitative assessment of the role of various parameters in the analysis of gap heat transfer in nuclear fuel.
Event-driven multithreaded dynamic optimization
Zhang, Weifeng
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Speci?c Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . F.3. Trace Optimization Overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Dynamic Optimization . . . . . . .B. Optimizations with the
Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Experiments...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Between Theory and Experiments at Nanoscale Level Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Experiments at Nanoscale Level Studies on a simple platinum-alumina...
Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Experiments...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
between Theory and Experiments Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Experiments Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...
Method for Creating Photonic Band Gap Materials - Energy Innovation...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
a photonic band gap. These microstructures have the potential to change the way optoelectronic devices, such as photodiodes, LEDs, and integrated optical circuit elements, are...
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Fire Protection Engineering
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
Minding the Gap Makes for More Efficient Solar Cells
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properties of these materials go through a dramatic change that makes them ideal for solar energy applications. These materials can go from indirect band gap semiconductors to...
acoustic band gaps: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 2 Acoustic band gap...
Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene
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Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene Print Prospective challengers to silicon, the long-reigning king of semiconductors for computer chips and other electronic...
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Nuclear Explosive Safety Study
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.
T. V. Zaqarashvili; R. Oliver; J. L. Ballester
2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
Observations reveal an increase with height of the line width of several coronal spectral lines probably caused by outwardly propagating Alfv{\\'e}n waves. However, the spectral line width sometimes shows a sudden decrease at a height 0.1-0.2 R, where the ratio of sound to Alfven speeds may approach unity. Qualitative analysis shows that the resonant energy conversion from Alfven to acoustic waves near the region of the corona where the plasma $\\beta$ approaches unity may explain the observed spectral line width reduction.
Industrial Optimization Compact Course
Kirches, Christian
Industrial Optimization Compact Course and Challenge Workshop Optimization plays a crucial role of the processes are typically nonlinear and dyna- mic. Thus, complex dynamic optimization or optimal control in industrial optimization. February 17Â20, 2014 Â·9.00Â17.00 IWR Â·Im Neuenheimer Feld 368 Â·69120 Heidelberg www
The optimization problem Genetic Algorithm
GimĂ©nez, Domingo
The optimization problem Genetic Algorithm Particle Swarm Optimization Experimental results for time-power optimization META, October 27-31, 2014 1 / 25 #12;The optimization problem Genetic Algorithm Particle Swarm Optimization Experimental results Conclusions Time and energy optimization Traditionally
Shrinking Procedures and Optimal Algorithms
Saeed Ghadimi
2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 18, 2012 ... Optimal Stochastic Approximation Algorithms for Strongly Convex Stochastic Composite Optimization, II: Shrinking Procedures and Optimal ...
Measurement of radiative widths of $a_2(1320)$ and $?_2(1670)$
C. Adolph; R. Akhunzyanov; M. G. Alekseev; G. D. Alexeev; A. Amoroso; V. Andrieux; V. Anosov; A. Austregesilo; B. Badelek; F. Balestra; J. Barth; G. Baum; R. Beck; Y. Bedfer; A. Berlin; J. Bernhard; K. Bicker; J. Bieling; R. Birsa; J. Bisplinghoff; M. Bodlak; M. Boer; P. Bordalo; F. Bradamante; C. Braun; A. Bressan; M. Buechele; E. Burtin; L. Capozza; M. Chiosso; S. U. Chung; A. Cicuttin; M. L. Crespo; Q. Curiel; S. Dalla Torre; S. S. Dasgupta; S. Dasgupta; O. Yu. Denisov; S. V. Donskov; N. Doshita; V. Duic; W. Duennweber; M. Dziewiecki; A. Efremov; C. Elia; P. D. Eversheim; W. Eyrich; M. Faessler; A. Ferrero; A. Filin; M. Finger; M. Finger~jr.; H. Fischer; C. Franco; N. du~Fresne~von~Hohenesche; J. M. Friedrich; V. Frolov; F. Gautheron; O. P. Gavrichtchouk; S. Gerassimov; R. Geyer; I. Gnesi; B. Gobbo; S. Goertz; M. Gorzellik; S. Grabmueller; A. Grasso; B. Grube; A. Guskov; T. Guthoerl; F. Haas; D. von Harrach; D. Hahne; R. Hashimoto; F. H. Heinsius; F. Herrmann; F. Hinterberger; Ch. Hoeppner; N. Horikawa; N. d'Hose; S. Huber; S. Ishimoto; A. Ivanov; Yu. Ivanshin; T. Iwata; R. Jahn; V. Jary; P. Jasinski; P. Joerg; R. Joosten; E. Kabuss; B. Ketzer; G. V. Khaustov; Yu. A. Khokhlov; Yu. Kisselev; F. Klein; K. Klimaszewski; J. H. Koivuniemi; V. N. Kolosov; K. Kondo; K. Koenigsmann; I. Konorov; V. F. Konstantinov; A. M. Kotzinian; O. Kouznetsov; Z. Kral; M. Kraemer; Z. V. Kroumchtein; N. Kuchinski; F. Kunne; K. Kurek; R. P. Kurjata; A. A. Lednev; A. Lehmann; S. Levorato; J. Lichtenstadt; A. Maggiora; A. Magnon; N. Makke; G. K. Mallot; C. Marchand; A. Martin; J. Marzec; J. Matousek; H. Matsuda; T. Matsuda; G. Meshcheryakov; W. Meyer; T. Michigami; Yu. V. Mikhailov; Y. Miyachi; A. Nagaytsev; T. Nagel; F. Nerling; S. Neubert; D. Neyret; V. I. Nikolaenko; J. Novy; W. -D. Nowak; A. S. Nunes; I. Orlov; A. G. Olshevsky; M. Ostrick; R. Panknin; D. Panzieri; B. Parsamyan; S. Paul; M. Pesek; S. Platchkov; J. Pochodzalla; V. A. Polyakov; J. Pretz; M. Quaresma; C. Quintans; S. Ramos; G. Reicherz; E. Rocco; A. Rychter; N. S. Rossiyskaya; D. I. Ryabchikov; V. D. Samoylenko; A. Sandacz; S. Sarkar; I. A. Savin; G. Sbrizzai; P. Schiavon; C. Schill; T. Schlueter; A. Schmidt; K. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; K. Schoenning; S. Schopferer; M. Schott; O. Yu. Shevchenko; L. Silva; L. Sinha; S. Sirtl; M. Slunecka; S. Sosio; F. Sozzi; A. Srnka; L. Steiger; M. Stolarski; M. Sulc; R. Sulej; H. Suzuki; A. Szabelski; T. Szameitat; P. Sznajder; S. Takekawa; J. ter~Wolbeek; S. Tessaro; F. Tessarotto; F. Thibaud; S. Uhl; I. Uman; M. Vandenbroucke; M. Virius; J. Vondra; L. Wang; T. Weisrock; M. Wilfert; R. Windmolders; H. Wollny; K. Zaremba; M. Zavertyaev; E. Zemlyanichkina; M. Ziembicki.
2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has investigated the reaction $\\pi^- \\gamma \\rightarrow \\pi^-\\pi^-\\pi^+$ embedded in the Primakoff reaction of $190~\\textrm{GeV}$ pions scattering in the Coulomb field of a lead target, $\\pi^- \\text{Pb} \\rightarrow \\pi^-\\pi^-\\pi^+ \\text{Pb}$. Exchange of quasi-real photons is selected by isolating the sharp Coulomb peak observed at momentum transfer below $0.001~(\\text{GeV}/c)^2$. Using a partial-wave analysis the amplitudes and relative phases of the $a_2(1320)$ and $\\pi_2(1670)$ mesons have been extracted, and the Coulomb and the diffractive contributions have been disentangled. Measuring absolute production cross sections we have determined the radiative width of the $a_2(1320)$ to be $\\Gamma_0(a_2(1320) \\rightarrow \\pi\\gamma) = (358 \\pm 6_{\\textrm{stat}} \\pm 42_{\\textrm{syst}})~\\textrm{keV}$. As the first measurement, $\\Gamma_0(\\pi_2(1670) \\rightarrow \\pi\\gamma) = (181 \\pm 11_{\\textrm{stat}} \\pm 27_{\\textrm{syst}})~\\textrm{keV} \\cdot (\\textrm{BR}^{\\textrm{PDG}}_{f_2 \\pi}/\\textrm{BR}_{f_2 \\pi})$ is obtained for the radiative width of the $\\pi_2(1670)$, where in this analysis the branching ratio $\\textrm{BR}^{\\textrm{PDG}}_{f_2 \\pi}=0.56$ has been used. We compare these values to previous measurements and theoretical predictions.
The nucleon thermal width due to pion-baryon loops and its contribution in Shear viscosity
Sabyasachi Ghosh
2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
In the real-time thermal field theory, the standard expression of shear viscosity for the nucleonic constituents is derived from the two point function of nucleonic viscous stress tensors at finite temperature and density. The finite thermal width or Landau damping is traditionally included in the nucleon propagators. This thermal width is calculated from the in-medium self-energy of nucleon for different possible pion-baryon loops. The dynamical part of nucleon-pion-baryon interactions are taken care by the effective Lagrangian densities of standard hadronic model. The shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of nucleonic component decreases with the temperature and increases with the nucleon chemical potential. However, adding the contribution of pionic component, total viscosity to entropy density ratio also reduces with the nucleon chemical potential when the mixing effect between pion and nucleon components in the mixed gas is considered. Within the hadronic domain, viscosity to entropy density ratio of the nuclear matter is gradually reducing as temperature and nucleon chemical potential are growing up and therefore the nuclear matter is approaching toward the (nearly) perfect fluid nature.
Combination of CDF and D0 results on the W boson mass and width
Group, Tevatron Electroweak Working
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The results on the direct measurements of the W-boson mass and width, based on the data collected by the Tevatron experiments CDF and D{sup -} at Fermilab are summarized and combined. The CDF Run-0 (1988-1889) and Run-I (1992-1995) results have been re-averaged using the BLUE method and combined with Run-I D{sup -} results and the latest published results from CDF taken from the first period of Run-II (2001-2004). The results are corrected to have consistency between the parton distribution functions and electroweak parameters. The resulting Tevatron averages for the mass and total decay width of the W boson are: M{sub W} = 80432 {+-} 39 MeV and {Lambda}{sub W} = 2056 {+-} 62 MeV. The inclusion of a preliminary Run-II measurement of {Lambda}{sub W} from D{sup -}0 gives {Lambda}{sub W} = 2050 {+-} 58 MeV.
Reduced neutron widths in the nuclear data ensemble: experiment and theory do not agree
Koehler, Paul Edward [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I have analyzed reduced neutron widths ({Gamma}{sub n}{sup 0}) for the subset of 1245 resonances in the nuclear data ensemble (NDE) for which they have been reported. Random matrix theory (RMT) predicts for the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble that these widths should follow a {chi}{sup 2} distribution having one degree of freedom ({nu} = 1) - the Porter Thomas distribution (PTD). Careful analysis of the {Gamma}{sub n}{sup 0} values in the NDE rejects the validity of the PTD with a statistical significance of at least 99.97% ({nu} = 0.801 {+-} 0.052). This striking disagreement with the RMT prediction is most likely due to the inclusion of significant p-wave contamination to the supposedly pure s-wave NDE. When an energy-dependent threshold is used to remove the p-wave contamination, the PTD is still rejected with a statistical significance of at least 98.17% ({nu} = 1.217 {+-} 0.092). Furthermore, examination of the primary references for the NDE reveals that many resonances in most of the individual data sets were selected using methods derived from RMT. Therefore, using the full NDE data set to test RMT predictions seems highly questionable. These results cast very serious doubt on claims that the NDE represents a striking confirmation of RMT.
Method and apparatus for pulse width modulation control of an AC induction motor
Geppert, Steven (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An inverter is connected between a source of DC power and a three-phase AC induction motor, and a micro-processor-based circuit controls the inverter using pulse width modulation techniques. In the disclosed method of pulse width modulation, both edges of each pulse of a carrier pulse train are equally modulated by a time proportional to sin .THETA., where .THETA. is the angular displacement of the pulse center at the motor stator frequency from a fixed reference point on the carrier waveform. The carrier waveform frequency is a multiple of the motor stator frequency. The modulated pulse train is then applied to each of the motor phase inputs with respective phase shifts of 120.degree. at the stator frequency. Switching control commands of electronic switches in the inverter are stored in a random access memory (RAM) and the locations of the RAM are successively read out in a cyclic manner, each bit of a given RAM location controlling a respective phase input of the motor. The DC power source preferably comprises rechargeable batteries and all but one of the electronic switches in the inverter can be disabled, the remaining electronic switch being part of a "flyback" DC-DC converter circuit for recharging the battery.
ERDC/CERLTR-05-38 Determining Research Gaps
Fehmi, Jeffrey S.
ERDC/CERLTR-05-38 Determining Research Gaps in Disturbance Data for Fort Bliss and a Conceptual-38 November 2005 Determining Research Gaps in Disturbance Data for Fort Bliss and a Conceptual Model Tamara Bliss #12;ABSTRACT Numerous research and outside monitoring efforts have been completed for Fort Bliss
Optimization Online - Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for ...
Alvaro Lorca
2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 5, 2014 ... ... with the increasing penetration of wind and solar power generation has ... Keywords: Electric energy systems, multistage robust optimization, ... Multistage Adaptive Robust Optimization for the Unit Commitment Problem.
Variable-gap selective photocells based on Ga/sub 1-x/Al/sub x/As:Ge:Te p-n structures
Bessolov, V.N.; Danilova, T.N.; Imenkov, A.N.; Tsarenkov, B.V.; Yakovlev, Y.P.
1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Doping of Ga/sub 1-x/Al/sub x/As solid solutions with Ge and Te increased the steepness of the fundamental absorption edge and this reduced the width of the quantum photosensitivity spectra of variable-gap selective p-n junction photocells made by depositing epitaxial films of these solid solutions on n-type GaAs substrates. The current-voltage and load characteristics of the photocells were detemined. The efficiency of conversion of the optical into electrical energy was 0.42--0.43 for the photocells with wider photosensitivity spectra and 0.3 for those with the narrowest spectra.
Reis, Catarina (Catarina Luis Monteiro dos)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis studies the optimal income tax scheme in four different settings. Chapter 1 focuses on the implications of lack of commitment for the optimal labor and capital income tax rates. It finds that it is optimal to ...
Compiler Optimization Jordan Bradshaw
Valtorta, Marco
Compiler Optimization Jordan Bradshaw #12;Outline Overview Goals and Considerations Â Scope. 346- 352. Print. "Compiler Optimization." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 04 2010. Web. 25 Apr 2010. #12;Compiler Optimization Goals: Â Speed
Pessimistic Bilevel Optimization
Wiesemann, Wolfram
We study a variant of the pessimistic bilevel optimization problem, which comprises constraints that must be satisfied for any optimal solution of a subordinate (lower-level) optimization problem. We present conditions ...
Optimization and geophysical inverse problems
Barhen, J.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for Unconstrained Optimization and Nonlinear Equations,equality constrained optimization, SIAM J. Optim. , 7, 28.R. , Practical Methods of Optimization, Wiley, New York, 436
Width dependent transition of quantized spin-wave modes in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} square nanorings
Banerjee, Chandrima; Saha, Susmita; Barman, Saswati; Barman, Anjan, E-mail: abarman@bose.res.in [Thematic Unit of Excellence on Nanodevice Technology, Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material Sciences, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Block JD, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India); Rousseau, Olivier [CEMS-RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Otani, YoshiChika [CEMS-RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan)
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
We investigated optically induced ultrafast magnetization dynamics in square shaped Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} nanorings with varying ring width. Rich spin-wave spectra are observed whose frequencies showed a strong dependence on the ring width. Micromagnetic simulations showed different types of spin-wave modes, which are quantized upto very high quantization number. In the case of widest ring, the spin-wave mode spectrum shows quantized modes along the applied field direction, which is similar to the mode spectrum of an antidot array. As the ring width decreases, additional quantization in the azimuthal direction appears causing mixed modes. In the narrowest ring, the spin-waves exhibit quantization solely in azimuthal direction. The different quantization is attributed to the variation in the internal field distribution for different ring width as obtained from micromagnetic analysis and supported by magnetic force microscopy.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Topology Design Optimization for ...
Miguel Carrasco
2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 8, 2014 ... Category 1: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Mechanical Engineering ) ... Give us feedback · Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies.
Optimization Online - Certificates of Optimality and Sensitivity ...
Babak Moazzez
2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 9, 2014 ... Certificates of Optimality and Sensitivity Analysis using Generalized Subadditive Generator Functions: A test study on Knapsack Problems.
Optimization Online - Nonsmooth Optimization via BFGS
Adrian S. Lewis
2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 14, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Optimal steepest descent algorithms for ...
Cl vis Caesar Gonzaga
2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 7, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Newton's Method for Multiobjective Optimization
Joerg Fliege
2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 1, 2008 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - A Robust Optimization Framework for ...
Melvyn Sim
2006-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 8, 2006 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Towards nonsymmetric conic optimization
Yurii Nesterov
2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 31, 2006 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Beyond Optimality: New Trends in Network Optimization
Chiang, Mung
, Princeton IEEE SAM Workshop July 2008 #12;Optimization Beyond Optimality Very different uses of optimization. Robustness to stochastic dynamics · IV. Feedback to engineering assumptions · V. Complexity Not much #12;Stochastic Noisy Feedback 0 5000 10000 15000 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Iteration Flowrate
Optimization of the Ballistic Guide Design for the SNS FNPB 8.9 A Neutron Line
Takeyasu M. Ito; Christopher B. Crawford; Geoffrey L. Greene
2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
The optimization of the ballistic guide design for the SNS Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline 8.9 A line is described. With a careful tuning of the shape of the curve for the tapered section and the width of the straight section, this optimization resulted in more than 75% increase in the neutron flux exiting the 33 m long guide over a straight m=3.5 guide with the same length.
Burin des Roziers, T.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mathematics. In optimal prediction. Communications press,and R. Kupferman. On the prediction of large- scale dynamicsand D. Levy. Optimal prediction and pertur- bation theory.
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2006-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
The framework of stochastic optimization can also be adopted to address downside risk by optimizing over an expected utility or more recently, a mean risk
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Reduced model simulations of the scrape-off-layer heat-flux width and comparison with experiment
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Myra, J. R. [Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, CO (United States); Russell, D. A. [Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, CO (United States); D'Ippolito, D. A. [Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, CO (United States); Ahn, J- W [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Maingi, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Maqueda, R. J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (United States); Lundberg, D. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (United States); Stotler, D. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (United States); Zweben, S. J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (United States); Boedo, J. [Univ. of California at San Diego, CA (United States); Umansky, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States)
2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
Reduced model simulations of turbulence in the edge and scrape-off-layer (SOL) region of a spherical torus or tokamak plasma are employed to address the physics of the scrape-off-layer heat flux width. The simulation model is an electrostatic two-dimensional fluid turbulence model, applied in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field at the outboard midplane of the torus. The model contains curvature-driven-interchange modes, sheath losses, and both perpendicular turbulent diffusive and convective (blob) transport. These transport processes compete with classical parallel transport to set the SOL width. Midplane SOL profiles of density, temperature and parallel heat flux are obtained from the simulation and compared with experimental results from the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) [S. M. Kaye, et al., Phys. Plasmas 8, 1977 (2001)] to study the scaling of the heat flux width with power and plasma current. It is concluded that midplane turbulence is the main contributor to the SOL heat flux width for the low power H-mode discharges studied, while additional physics is required to explain the plasma current scaling of the SOL heat flux width observed experimentally in higher power discharges. Intermittent separatrix spanning convective cells are found to be the main mechanism that sets the near-SOL width in the simulations. The roles of sheared flows and blob trapping vs. emission are discussed.
Optimality gap of constant-order policies decays exponentially in the ...
2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
fast to zero as the lead time grows with the other problem parameters held .... The authors thank Maury Bramson, Jim Dai, Bruce Hajek, Ganesh Janakiraman, ...
Anderson, Murray Belser
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and a 25% Slotted Flap ((2 = 8. 0' 6s = 0. 0 6f = 20 ) 90 91 36 Pressure Distribution, NACA 23012 with a 17% Fixed Slot and a 25% Slotted Flap (o - 8. 0 , 6s = 0. 0 , 6'f - 40 ) 92 37 Drag Coefficient versus Lift Coefficient for a GA(W)-2 with a... distributed vorticity V(s) on B, and 4s is produced by uniformly distributed sources of strength o(s) on B. For two dimensional flow lv and 4s can be written as: ln r(x, z;s')ds' s J02s e = -I'~s' e(x, z;s )as JO 2 s With these definitions, equation (1...
Optimal design of a micro evaporator with lateral gaps Taijong Sung a
Kim, Jongwon
transfer coefficient (HTC) and it forms the starting point in developing miniaturized vaporÂoutlet condi- tions of the evaporator have a standard design of expansion valve and compressor and so the heat and Lee [7] studied the correlation in order to represent the heat transfer coefficients of the boiling
Near-Optimal Solutions and Large Integrality Gaps for Almost All ...
2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Fs in the regime s D dn=2e;:::;n .n/. By Lemma A.1 in Appendix A (letting a D ns ..... [8] G. Gallo, M. D. Grigoriadis, R. E. Tarjan. 1989. A fast parametric maximum
Ahn, J W; Boedo, J A; Maingi, R; Soukhanovskii, V A
2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
The physics of parallel heat transport was tested in the Scrape-off Layer (SOL) plasma of the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) [M. Ono, et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000) and S. M. Kaye, et al., Nucl. Fusion 45, S168 (2005)] tokamak by comparing the upstream electron temperature (T{sub e}) and density (n{sub e}) profiles measured by the mid-plane reciprocating probe to the heat flux (q{sub {perpendicular}}) profile at the divertor plate measured by an infrared (IR) camera. It is found that electron conduction explains the near SOL width data reasonably well while the far SOL, which is in the sheath limited regime, requires an ion heat flux profile broader than the electron one to be consistent with the experimental data. The measured plasma parameters indicate that the SOL energy transport should be in the conduction-limited regime for R-R{sub sep} (radial distance from the separatrix location) < 2-3 cm. The SOL energy transport should transition to the sheath-limited regime for R-R{sub sep} > 2-3cm. The T{sub e}, n{sub e}, and q{sub {perpendicular}} profiles are better described by an offset exponential function instead of a simple exponential. The conventional relation between mid plane electron temperature decay length ({lambda}{sub Te}) and target heat flux decay length ({lambda}{sub q}) is {lambda}{sub Te} = 7/2{lambda}{sub q}, whereas the newly-derived relation, assuming offset exponential functional forms, implies {lambda}{sub Te} = (2-2.5){lambda}{sub q}. The measured values of {lambda}{sub Te}/{lambda}{sub q} differ from the new prediction by 25-30%. The measured {lambda}{sub q} values in the far SOL (R-R{sub sep} > 2-3cm) are 9-10cm, while the expected values are 2.7 < {lambda}{sub q} < 4.9 cm (for sheath-limited regime). We propose that the ion heat flux profile is substantially broader than the electron heat flux profile as an explanation for this discrepancy in the far SOL.
Physics of band-gap formation and its evolution in the pillar-based phononic crystal structures
Pourabolghasem, Reza; Mohammadi, Saeed; Eftekhar, Ali Asghar; Adibi, Ali [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Khelif, Abdelkrim [Institut FEMTO-ST, Université de Franche-Comté, CNRS, 32 Avenue de l'Observatoire, 25044 Besançon Cedex (France)
2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the interplay of Bragg scattering and local resonance is theoretically studied in a phononic crystal (PnC) structure composed of a silicon membrane with periodic tungsten pillars. The comparison of phononic band gaps (PnBGs) in three different lattice types (i.e., square, triangular, and honeycomb) with different pillar geometries shows that different PnBGs have varying degrees of dependency on the lattice symmetry based on the interplay of the local resonances and the Bragg effect. The details of this interplay is discussed. The significance of locally resonating pillars, specially in the case of tall pillars, on PnBGs is discussed and verified by examining the PnBG position and width in perturbed lattices via Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that the PnBGs caused by the local resonance of the pillars are more resilient to the lattice perturbations than those caused by Bragg scattering.
Single line-of-sight dual energy backlighter for mix width experiments
Baker, K. L., E-mail: baker7@llnl.gov; Glendinning, S. G.; Martinez, D.; Dittrich, T. R.; MacLaren, S. A.; Felker, S.; Seugling, R.; Doane, D.; Wallace, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Guymer, T. M.; Moore, A. S. [AWE, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Whiting, N.; Sorce, C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a diagnostic technique used to spatially multiplex two x-ray radiographs of an object onto a detector along a single line-of-sight. This technique uses a thin, <2 ?m, cosputtered backlighter target to simultaneously produce both Ni and Zn He{sub ?} emission. A Ni picket fence filter, 500 ?m wide bars and troughs, is then placed in front of the detector to pass only the Ni He{sub ?} emission in the bar region and both energies in the trough region thereby spatially multiplexing the two radiographs on a single image. Initial experimental results testing the backlighter spectrum are presented along with simulated images showing the calculated radiographic images though the nickel picket fence filter which are used to measure the mix width in an accelerated nickel foam.
Temperature Width and Spin Structure of Superfluid 3He-A1 in Aerogel
G. A. Baramidze; G. A. Kharadze
2003-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
The influence of spin-exchange scattering centers on the triplet Cooper pairing is considered to explore the behavior of superfluid 3He in high porosity aerogel containing 3He atoms localized at the surface of silica strands. The homogeneously located and isotropically scattering system of spin-polarized ``impurity'' centers is adopted as a simple model to investigate the contribution of spin-exchange scattering chanel for quasiparticles to the formation of non-unitary superfluid A1-phase in aerogel environment. It is demonstrated that an interference between the potential and exchange parts of quasiparticle scattering against spin-polarized ``impurity'' centers can change considerably the temperature width and the spin structure of A_{1}-phase in aerogel.
Two-photon widths of the {chi}{sub cJ} states of charmonium
Ecklund, K. M. [State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Love, W.; Savinov, V. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Lopez, A.; Mendez, H.; Ramirez, J. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] (and others)
2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a data sample of 24.5x10{sup 6} {psi}(2S) the reactions {psi}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub cJ}, {chi}{sub cJ}{yields}{gamma}{gamma} have been studied for the first time to determine the two-photon widths of the {chi}{sub cJ} states of charmonium in their decay into two photons. The measured quantities are B({psi}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c0})xB({chi}{sub c0}{yields}{gamma}{gamma})=(2.17{+-}0.32{+-}0.10)x10{sup -5} and B({psi}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c2})xB({chi}{sub c2}{yields}{gamma}{gamma})=(2.68{+-}0.28{+-}0.15)x10{sup -5}. Using values for B({psi}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c0,c2}) and {gamma}({chi}{sub c0,c2}) from the literature the two-photon widths are derived to be {gamma}{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}({chi}{sub c0})=(2.36{+-}0.35{+-}0.22) keV, {gamma}{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}({chi}{sub c2})=(0.66{+-}0.07{+-}0.06) keV, and R{identical_to}{gamma}{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}({chi}{sub c2})/{gamma}{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}({chi}{sub c0})=0.278{+-}0.050{+-}0.036. The importance of the measurement of R is emphasized. For the forbidden transition, {chi}{sub c1}{yields}{gamma}{gamma}, an upper limit of {gamma}{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}({chi}{sub c1})<0.03 keV is established.
British Academy (e-GAP2) Guide for Applicants The British Academy e-GAP2 applicant guide July 2012 Page 1 2012 INTERNAL USER GUIDE A Guide to the British Academy Electronic Submission System (e-GAP2) A Quick Guide for Applicants applying for funding using the e-GAP2 System The British Academy web page
Pairing Gaps, Pseudogaps, and Phase Diagrams for Cuprate Superconductors
Yang Sun; Mike Guidry; Cheng-Li Wu
2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
We use a symmetry-constrained variational procedure to construct a generalization of BCS to include Cooper pairs with non-zero momentum and angular momentum. The resulting gap equations are solved at zero and finite temperature, and the doping-dependent solutions are used to construct gap and phase diagrams. We find a pseudogap terminating at a critical doping that may be interpreted in terms of both competing order and preformed pairs. The strong similarity between observation and predicted gap and phase structure suggests that this approach may provide a unified description of the complex structure observed for cuprate superconductors.
Smyth, Gordon K.
Optimization Gordon K. Smyth Volume 3, pp 1481Â1487 in Encyclopedia of Environmetrics (ISBN 0471 #12;Optimization Optimization is the process by which one finds that value of a vector x, say, that maximizes or minimizes a given function f x . The idea of optimization goes to the heart of statistical
Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty
Lodwick, Weldon
11 Optimization Under Generalized Uncertainty Optimization Modeling Math 4794/5794: Spring 2013 Weldon A. Lodwick Weldon.Lodwick@ucdenver.edu 2/14/2013 Optimization Modeling - Spring 2013 #12 in the context of optimization problems. The theoretical frame-work for these notes is interval analysis. From
Fast Quantum Methods for Optimization
Sergio Boixo; Gerardo Ortiz; Rolando Somma
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
Discrete combinatorial optimization consists in finding the optimal configuration that minimizes a given discrete objective function. An interpretation of such a function as the energy of a classical system allows us to reduce the optimization problem into the preparation of a low-temperature thermal state of the system. Motivated by the quantum annealing method, we present three strategies to prepare the low-temperature state that exploit quantum mechanics in remarkable ways. We focus on implementations without uncontrolled errors induced by the environment. This allows us to rigorously prove a quantum advantage. The first strategy uses a classical-to-quantum mapping, where the equilibrium properties of a classical system in $d$ spatial dimensions can be determined from the ground state properties of a quantum system also in $d$ spatial dimensions. We show how such a ground state can be prepared by means of quantum annealing, including quantum adiabatic evolutions. This mapping also allows us to unveil some fundamental relations between simulated and quantum annealing. The second strategy builds upon the first one and introduces a technique called spectral gap amplification to reduce the time required to prepare the same quantum state adiabatically. If implemented on a quantum device that exploits quantum coherence, this strategy leads to a quadratic improvement in complexity over the well-known bound of the classical simulated annealing method. The third strategy is not purely adiabatic; instead, it exploits diabatic processes between the low-energy states of the corresponding quantum system. For some problems it results in an exponential speedup (in the oracle model) over the best classical algorithms.
Plugging of intersubassembly gaps by downward flowing molten steel. [LMFBR
Sienicki, J.J.; Spencer, B.W.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the assessment of the meltout phase of an LMFBR hypothetical core disruptive accident, a pathway for the escape of molten fuel from the disrupted core is provided by the narrow channels separating adjacent subassemblies. However, the removal of fuel through intersubassembly gaps might be impeded by steel blockage formation, if molten steel is postulated to enter the gap network ahead of disrupted fuel. Reported here are the results of an analysis of the conduction freezing controlled penetration behavior of molten steel flowing downward through the voided (of sodium) gap channels nominally separating adjacent subassemblies below the active core region. The objective is to determine the range of conditions under which the steel is predicted to be deposited as a thin crust on the channel walls leaving an open pathway remaining for subsequent fuel flow instead of forming a complete plug which closes off the gap channel and obstructs fuel removal immediately thereafter.
Perspective The MAHB, the Culture Gap, and Some Really
Ford, James
is a product of population size, per capita consumption, and the sorts of technologies and social and economic systems that supply the consumption. A vast ``culture gap'' has developed over the past century or so
Air-gap sacrificial materials by initiated chemical vapor deposition
Lee, Long Hua
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
P(neopentyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) copolymer, abbreviated as P(npMAco-EGDA), was selected as the potential air-gap sacrificial material among possible combination of twenty monomers and four ...
Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap
Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)
2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).
Proper Sustainability: GAP Grant Proposal Work Plan Strategy Webinar
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
In this webinar I will discuss the new GAP grant requirements for tribal environmental programs and strategies for crafting a work plan that focuses on capacity building activities. My goal is to...
Gap generation and semimetal-insulator phase transition in graphene
O. V. Gamayun; E. V. Gorbar; V. P. Gusynin
2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The gap generation is studied in suspended clean graphene in the continuum model for quasiparticles with the Coulomb interaction. We solve the gap equation with the dynamical polarization function and show that, comparing to the case of the static polarization function, the critical coupling constant lowers to the value \\alpha_c=0.92, which is close to that obtained in lattice Monte Carlo simulations. It is argued that additional short-range four-fermion interactions should be included in the continuum model to account for the lattice simulation results. We obtain the critical line in the plane of electromagnetic and four-fermion coupling constants and find a second order phase transition separating zero gap and gapped phases with critical exponents close to those found in lattice calculations.
Closing gaps in the human genome using sequencing by synthesis
Arachchi, Harindra M.
The most recent release of the finished human genome contains 260 euchromatic gaps (excluding chromosome Y). Recent work has helped explain a large number of these unresolved regions as 'structural' in nature. Another class ...
Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap
Hsu, John S.
2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).
Excitonic gap, phase transition, and quantum Hall effect in graphene
V. P. Gusynin; V. A. Miransky; S. G. Sharapov; I. A. Shovkovy
2006-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest that physics underlying the recently observed removal of sublattice and spin degeneracies in graphene in a strong magnetic field describes a phase transition connected with the generation of an excitonic gap. The experimental form of the Hall conductivity is reproduced and the main characteristics of the dynamics are described. Predictions of the behavior of the gap as a function of temperature and a gate voltage are made.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Optimization for Power System ...
Ludwig Kuznia
2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 17, 2011 ... Stochastic Optimization for Power System Configuration with Renewable Energy in Remote Areas. Ludwig Kuznia(lkuznia ***at*** mail.usf.edu)
Optimization Online - Gradient Sliding for Composite Optimization
Guanghui Lan
Abstract: We consider in this paper a class of composite optimization problems whose objective function is given by the summation of a general smooth and ...
Optimization Online - Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios
Napat Rujeerapaiboon
2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
May 24, 2014 ... Abstract: The growth-optimal portfolio is designed to have maximum ... the asset return distribution, which is not directly observable but must be ...
Optimization Online - Constrained optimization in seismic reflection ...
F. Delbos
2004-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 7, 2004 ... Constrained optimization in seismic reflection tomography: an SQP augmented Lagrangian approach. F. Delbos (Frederic.Delbos ***at*** ifp.fr)
Optimization Online - Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Optimization
Pietro Belotti
2012-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 2, 2012 ... Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Optimization. Pietro Belotti(pbelott ***at*** clemson.edu) Sven Leyffer(leyffer ***at*** mcs.anl.gov) Christian ...
Optimization Online - Convex and Nonsmooth Optimization ...
New Fractional Error Bounds for Nonconvex Polynomial Systems with Applications to Holderian Stability in Optimization G Li, B. S. Mordukhovich, T. S. Pham.
Optimization Online - Convex and Nonsmooth Optimization ...
D. Drusvyatskiy, A.D. Ioffe, A.S. Lewis. February 2014. Nonsmooth Optimization Variational Analysis of Circular Cone Programs Jinchuan Zhou, Jein-Shan Chen
Optimization Online - Distributionally Robust Convex Optimization
Wolfram Wiesemann
2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 4, 2013 ... Abstract: Distributionally robust optimization is a paradigm for decision-making under uncertainty where the uncertain problem data is governed ...
Optimization Online - Multilevel Optimization Modeling for Risk ...
Jonathan Eckstein
2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 24, 2014 ... Abstract: Coherent risk measures have become a popular tool for incorporating risk aversion into stochastic optimization models. For dynamic ...
Hydrogeologic Model for the Gable Gap Area, Hanford Site
Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Thorne, Paul D.; Williams, Bruce A.; Last, George V.; Thomas, Gregory S.; Thompson, Michael D.; Ludwig, Jami L.; Lanigan, David C.
2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Gable Gap is a structural and topographic depression between Gable Mountain and Gable Butte within the central Hanford Site. It has a long and complex geologic history, which includes tectonic uplift synchronous with erosional downcutting associated with the ancestral Columbia River during both Ringold and Cold Creek periods, and by the later Ice Age (mostly glacial Lake Missoula) floods. The gap was subsequently buried and partially backfilled by mostly coarse-grained, Ice Age flood deposits (Hanford formation). Erosional remnants of both the Ringold Formation and Cold Creek unit locally underlie the high-energy flood deposits. A large window exists in the gap where confined basalt aquifers are in contact with the unconfined suprabasalt aquifer. Several paleochannels, of both Hanford and Ringold Formation age, were eroded into the basalt bedrock across Gable Gap. Groundwater from the Central Plateau presently moves through Gable Gap via one or more of these shallow paleochannels. As groundwater levels continue to decline in the region, groundwater flow may eventually be cut off through Gable Gap.
Seidman, Jeri
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(cont.) In total, my thesis suggests that recent changes in the book-tax income gap may be exogenous and transitory, due to changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions or other factors which ...
M. Dillig
2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze recent experimental information on the excitation of the Theta+(1540) pentaquark in the hadronic reaction pp -> p Sigma+ K0. Upon describing the conventional production process - which serves as a normalization - in a meson exchange model, we estimate the resonant Theta+ induced cross section and the width of the pentaquark via K - exchange in a meson-baryon and a quark-gluon model. From a comparison with experiment we extract information on the width of the Theta+, the p Theta+ K0 coupling constant in the meson exchange and the relative s or p wave function for a nucleon-kaon cluster in the Theta+.
Li, Zhen, E-mail: leezhen1988@gmail.com; Zhang, Bo, E-mail: shizbcn@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn; He, Jinliang, E-mail: hejl@tsinghua.edu.cn; Xu, Yongsheng, E-mail: evebus@163.com [State Key Laboratory of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Power Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the specific characteristics of the Trichel pulse generated in wide point-to-plane discharge gaps are investigated and compared with those of the currents generated in narrow gaps. A set of empirical formulas are derived to describe the specific characteristics. The influence of the gap spacing both on the current characteristics and on the coefficients of the formulas is studied. Based on the experiment results, an improvement is made to the space charge calculation method proposed by Lama and Gallo [J. Appl. Phys. 45, 103–113 (1974)] and the calculation results are compared to the ones obtained with Lama and Gallo's original method. With the influence of the space charge considered, the modified method obtains more accurate results of the space charge accumulating in the gap and gives a more precise description of the motion of the space charge in the gap. Based on the calculation results, the influence of the space charge on the distribution of the electric field is examined and the influence of the gap spacing on the current characteristics is also studied.
Interaction between corrosion crack width and steel loss in RC beams corroded under load
Malumbela, Goitseone, E-mail: malumbela@mopipi.ub.b [Dpt. of Civil Eng., Univ. of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7700 (South Africa); Alexander, Mark; Moyo, Pilate [Dpt. of Civil Eng., Univ. of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7700 (South Africa)
2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents results and discussions on an experimental study conducted to relate the rate of widening of corrosion cracks with the pattern of corrosion cracks as well as the level of steel corrosion for RC beams (153 x 254 x 3000 mm) that were corroded whilst subjected to varying levels of sustained loads. Steel corrosion was limited to the tensile reinforcement and to a length of 700 mm at the centre of the beams. The rate of widening of corrosion cracks as well as strains on uncracked faces of RC beams was constantly monitored during the corrosion process, along the corrosion region and along other potential cracking faces of beams using a demec gauge. The distribution of the gravimetric mass loss of steel along the corrosion region was measured at the end of the corrosion process. The results obtained showed that: the rate of widening of each corrosion crack is dependent on the overall pattern of the cracks whilst the rate of corrosion is independent of the pattern of corrosion cracks. A mass loss of steel of 1% was found to induce a corrosion crack width of about 0.04 mm.
Low mass dark matter and invisible Higgs width in darkon models
Cai Yi; Ren Bo [INPAC, Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Standard Model (SM) plus a real gauge-singlet scalar field dubbed darkon (SM+D) is the simplest model possessing a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter candidate. In this model, the parameters are constrained from dark matter relic density and direct searches. The fact that interaction between darkon and SM particles is only mediated by a Higgs boson exchange may lead to significant modifications to the Higgs boson properties. If the dark matter mass is smaller than half of the Higgs boson mass, then a Higgs boson can decay into a pair of darkons resulting in a large invisible branching ratio. The Higgs boson will be searched for at the LHC and may well be discovered in the near future. If a Higgs boson with a small invisible decay width will be found, the SM+D model with small dark matter mass will be in trouble. We find that by extending the SM+D to a two Higgs doublet model plus a darkon (THDM+D) it is possible to have a Higgs boson with a small invisible branching ratio and at the same time the dark matter can have a low mass. We also comment on other implications of this model.
Interference effects of neutral MSSM Higgs bosons with a generalised narrow-width approximation
Elina Fuchs
2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
Mixing effects in the MSSM Higgs sector can give rise to a sizeable interference between the neutral Higgs bosons. On the other hand, factorising a more complicated process into production and decay parts by means of the narrow-width approximation (NWA) simplifies the calculation. The standard NWA, however, does not account for interference terms. Therefore, we introduce a generalisation of the NWA (gNWA) which allows for a consistent treatment of interference effects between nearly mass-degenerate particles. Furthermore, we apply the gNWA at the tree and 1-loop level to an example process where the neutral Higgs bosons $h$ and $H$ are produced in the decay of a heavy neutralino and subsequently decay into a fermion pair. The $h-H$ propagator mixing is found to agree well with the approximation of Breit-Wigner propagators times finite wave-function normalisation factors, both leading to a significant interference contribution. The factorisation of the interference term based on on-shell matrix elements reproduces the full interference result within a precision of better than 1% for the considered process. The gNWA also enables the inclusion of contributions beyond the 1-loop order into the most precise prediction.
Determination of the sign of the decay width difference in the B_s system
LHCb Collaboration; R. Aaij; C. Abellan Beteta; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; C. Adrover; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; G. Alkhazov; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Anderson; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; F. Archilli; L. Arrabito; A. Artamonov; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; J. J. Back; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; W. Barter; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; S. Belogurov; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; S. Benson; J. Benton; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; T. Bird; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjřrnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; D. Brett; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; K. de Bruyn; A. Büchler-Germann; I. Burducea; A. Bursche; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; Ch. Cauet; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; N. Chiapolini; K. Ciba; X. Cid Vidal; G. Ciezarek; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; A. Comerma-Montells; F. Constantin; A. Contu; A. Cook; M. Coombes; G. Corti; B. Couturier; G. A. Cowan; R. Currie; C. D'Ambrosio; P. David; P. N. Y. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; M. Deckenhoff; H. Degaudenzi; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; D. Derkach; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; P. Diniz Batista; F. Domingo Bonal; S. Donleavy; F. Dordei; A. Dosil Suárez; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; R. Dzhelyadin; A. Dziurda; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; D. van Eijk; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; R. Ekelhof; L. Eklund; Ch. Elsasser; D. Elsby; D. Esperante Pereira; A. Falabella; E. Fanchini; C. Färber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; M. Fontana; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; O. Francisco; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; J. Garofoli; J. Garra Tico; L. Garrido; D. Gascon; C. Gaspar; R. Gauld; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; E. Greening; S. Gregson; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; C. Hadjivasiliou; G. Haefeli; C. Haen; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; J. Harrison; P. F. Harrison; T. Hartmann; J. He; V. Heijne; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; E. Hicks; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; D. Hynds; V. Iakovenko; P. Ilten; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; A. Jaeger; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; M. Kaballo; S. Kandybei; M. Karacson; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; I. R. Kenyon; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; R. F. Koopman; P. Koppenburg; M. Korolev; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; K. Kreplin; M. Kreps; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; D. Lambert; R. W. Lambert; E. Lanciotti; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; C. Lazzeroni; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefčvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; L. Li; L. Li Gioi; M. Lieng; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. von Loeben; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; N. Lopez-March; H. Lu; J. Luisier; A. Mac Raighne; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; S. Malde; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; R. Märki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; A. Martín Sánchez; D. Martinez Santos; A. Massafferri; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; M. Matveev; E. Maurice; B. Maynard; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; R. McNulty; M. Meissner; M. Merk; J. Merkel; R. Messi; S. Miglioranzi; D. A. Milanes; M. -N. Minard; J. Molina Rodriguez; S. Monteil; D. Moran; P. Morawski; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; K. Müller; R. Muresan; B. Muryn; B. Muster; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; I. Nasteva; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; A. D. Nguyen; C. Nguyen-Mau; M. Nicol; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Nomerotski; A. Novoselov; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov
2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
The interference between the K+K- S-wave and P-wave amplitudes in B_s -> J/psi K+K- decays with the K+K- pairs in the region around the phi(1020) resonance is used to determine the variation of the difference of the strong phase between these amplitudes as a function of K+K- invariant mass. Combined with the results from our CP asymmetry measurements in B_s -> J/psi phi decays, we conclude that the B_s mass eigenstate that is almost CP =+1 is lighter and decays faster than the mass eigenstate that is almost CP =-1. This determines the sign of the decay width difference DeltaGamma_s == Gamma_L -Gamma_H to be positive. Our result also resolves the ambiguity in the past measurements of the CP violating phase phi_s to be close to zero rather than pi. These conclusions are in agreement with the Standard Model expectations.
Global Optimization of Chemical Reactors and Kinetic Optimization
ALHUSSEINI, ZAYNA ISHAQ
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Model; 3-D; Monolith; Reactor; Optimization Introduction TheAngeles Global Optimization of Chemical Reactors and KineticGlobal Optimization of Chemical Reactors and Kinetic
Global Optimization of Chemical Reactors and Kinetic Optimization
ALHUSSEINI, ZAYNA ISHAQ
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and M. Sheintuch. "OPTIMIZATION OF AN AUTOTHERMAL MONOLITHICIdentification Via Global Optimization Techniques. AIChE1: 91-103. Chapter 3 Optimization of a 3-D Monolith Reactor
E85 Optimized Engine through Boosting, Spray Optimized DIG, VCR...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Engine through Boosting, Spray Optimized DIG, VCR and Variable Valvetrain E85 Optimized Engine through Boosting, Spray Optimized DIG, VCR and Variable Valvetrain Presentation from...
Microgenetic optimization algorithm for optimal wavefront shaping
Anderson, Benjamin R; Gunawidjaja, Ray; Eilers, Hergen
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the main limitations of utilizing optimal wavefront shaping in imaging and authentication applications is the slow speed of the optimization algorithms currently being used. To address this problem we develop a micro-genetic optimization algorithm ($\\mu$GA) for optimal wavefront shaping. We test the abilities of the $\\mu$GA and make comparisons to previous algorithms (iterative and simple-genetic) by using each algorithm to optimize transmission through an opaque medium. From our experiments we find that the $\\mu$GA is faster than both the iterative and simple-genetic algorithms and that both genetic algorithms are more resistant to noise and sample decoherence than the iterative algorithm.
Optimization and learning based video coding
An, Cheolhong
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2 Rate-Distortion Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . .Distortion Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rate-Distortion Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . .
Matson, J.
A cooling water system can be optimized by operation at the highest possible cycles of concentration without risking sealing and fouling on heat exchanger surfaces. The way to optimize will be shown, with a number of examples of new systems....
Power network analysis and optimization
Zhang, Wanping
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
chip power supply network optimization using multigrid-basedchip decoupling capacitor optimization for high- performanceSapatnekar, “Analysis and optimization of structured power/
Nanoscale SRAM Variability and Optimization
Toh, Seng Oon
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamic Read Stability 5 Stochastic Optimization of SRAM 5.15.2 Bitcell Optimization . . . . . . . . .5.2.1 GlobalTechnology . . Optimization . . . . . . Read and Write
Integrated Energy System Dispatch Optimization
Firestone, Ryan; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy System Dispatch Optimization Ryan Firestone, MichaelEnergy System Dispatch Optimization Ryan Firestone - Studentthe real-time dispatch optimization problem for a generic
Optimizing Preventive Maintenance Models
Optimizing Preventive Maintenance Models. Michael Bartholomew-Biggs. School of Physics Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire.
Gap formation and stability in non-isothermal protoplanetary discs
Les, Robert
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Several observations of transition discs show lopsided dust-distributions. A potential explanation is the formation of a large-scale vortex acting as a dust-trap at the edge of a gap opened by a giant planet. Numerical models of gap-edge vortices have thus far employed locally isothermal discs, but the theory of this vortex-forming or `Rossby wave' instability was originally developed for adiabatic discs. We generalise the study of planetary gap stability to non-isothermal discs using customised numerical simulations of disc-planet systems where the planet opens an unstable gap. We include in the energy equation a simple cooling function with cooling timescale $t_c=\\beta\\Omega_k^{-1}$, where $\\Omega_k$ is the Keplerian frequency, and examine the effect of $\\beta$ on the stability of gap edges and vortex lifetimes. We find increasing $\\beta$ lowers the growth rate of non-axisymmetric perturbations, and the dominant azimuthal wavenumber $m$ decreases. We find a quasi-steady state consisting of one large-scale, ...
Extreme Optimization Announcements
Chen, Yiling
Extreme Optimization Announcements Assignment 3 due tomorrow @ 5pm. No late days on Extreme, we will hold extra office hours during regular section times. #12;Extreme Optimization Extreme University Fall 2014 #12;Extreme Optimization The radiotherapy problem Saving Lives: Radiotherapy Radiation
Scepanovic, Mara [Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Montenegro, POB 211, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Puric, Jagos [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)
2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Stark width and shift simultaneous dependence on the upper level ionization potential and rest core charge of the emitter has been evaluated and discussed. It has been verified that the found relations, connecting Stark broadening parameters with upper level ionization potential and rest core charge of the emitters for particular electron temperature and density, can be used for prediction of Stark line width and shift data in case of ions for which observed data, or more detailed calculations, are not yet available. Stark widths and shifts published data are used to demonstrate the existence of other kinds of regularities within similar spectra of different elements and their ionization stages. The emphasis is on the Stark parameter dependence on the upper level ionization potential and on the rest core charge for the lines from similar spectra of multiply charged ions. The found relations connecting Stark widths and shift parameters with upper level ionization potential, rest core charge and electron temperature were used for a prediction of new Stark broadening data, thus avoiding much more complicated procedures.
and localized heat load on plasma facing components. Both experimental [3,4] and theoretical [5] studies 4040 (1994)] which includes FOW effects in the growth rate calculation based on a small radial orbit by the neutral beam injection (NBI), ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) etc., have finite radial orbit width
An Heuristic Drift-Based Model of the Power Scrape-Off Width in H-Mode Tokamaks
Robert J. Goldston
2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
An heuristic model for the plasma scrape-off width in H-mode plasmas is introduced. Grad B and curv B drifts into the SOL are balanced against sonic parallel flows out of the SOL, to the divertor plates. The overall mass flow pattern posited is a modification for open field lines of Pfirsch-Shlüter flows to include sinks to the divertors. These assumptions result in an estimated SOL width of 2a?p/R. They also result in a first-principles calculation of the particle confinement time of H-mode plasmas, qualitatively consistent with experimental observations. It is next assumed that anomalous perpendicular electron thermal diffusivity is the dominant source of heat flux across the separatrix, investing the SOL width, defined above, with heat from the main plasma. The separatrix temperature is calculated based on a two-point model balancing power input to the SOL with Spitzer-Härm parallel thermal conduction losses to the divertor. This results in an heuristic closed-form prediction for the power scrape-off width that is in remarkable quantitative agreement both in absolute magnitude and in scaling with recent experimental data. Further work should include full numerical calculations, including all magnetic and electric drifts, as well as more thorough comparison with experimental data.
Delgado-Frias, José G.
1564 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Schemes for Eliminating is the ability to bypass SEUs and SETs. This is crit- ical for performance, as it allows the system to proceed widths can be substantial (up to 2 ns), and so high-performance systems cannot afford to pause operations
Rocca, Jorge J.
Pump pulse-width dependence of grazing-incidence pumped transient collisional soft-x-ray lasers M 2007 The output energy dependence of high repetition rate grazing incidence pumped Ni-like Mo, Ni-like Ag, and Ne-like Ti transient collisional soft x-ray lasers on the duration of the pump pulse
Vortex and gap generation in gauge models of graphene
O. Oliveira; C. E. Cordeiro; A. Delfino; W. de Paula; T. Frederico
2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
Effective quantum field theoretical continuum models for graphene are investigated. The models include a complex scalar field and a vector gauge field. Different gauge theories are considered and their gap patterns for the scalar, vector, and fermion excitations are investigated. Different gauge groups lead to different relations between the gaps, which can be used to experimentally distinguish the gauge theories. In this class of models the fermionic gap is a dynamic quantity. The finite-energy vortex solutions of the gauge models have the flux of the "magnetic field" quantized, making the Bohm-Aharonov effect active even when external electromagnetic fields are absent. The flux comes proportional to the scalar field angular momentum quantum number. The zero modes of the Dirac equation show that the gauge models considered here are compatible with fractionalization.
NGNP Project Regulatory Gap Analysis for Modular HTGRs
Wayne Moe
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project Regulatory Gap Analysis (RGA) for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTGR) was conducted to evaluate existing regulatory requirements and guidance against the design characteristics specific to a generic modular HTGR. This final report presents results and identifies regulatory gaps concerning current Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing requirements that apply to the modular HTGR design concept. This report contains appendices that highlight important HTGR licensing issues that were found during the RGA study. The information contained in this report will be used to further efforts in reconciling HTGR-related gaps in the NRC licensing structure, which has to date largely focused on light water reactor technology.
Finite-temperature lineshapes in gapped quantum spin chains
Fabian H. L. Essler; Robert M. Konik
2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the finite-temperature dynamical structure factor (DSF) of gapped quantum spin chains such as the spin one Heisenberg model and the transverse field Ising model in the disordered phase. At zero temperature the DSF in these models is dominated by a delta-function line arising from the coherent propagation of single particle modes. Using methods of integrable quantum field theory we determine the evolution of the lineshape at low temperatures. We show that the line shape is in general asymmetric in energy and becomes Lorentzian only at temperatures far below the gap. We discuss the relevance of our results for the analysis of inelastic neutron scattering experiments on gapped spin chain systems such as CsNiCl_3 and YBaNiO_5.
Lower bounds to the spectral gap of Davies generators
Temme, Kristan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We construct lower bounds to the spectral gap of a family of Lindblad generators known as Davies maps. These maps describe the thermalization of quantum systems weakly coupled to a heat bath. The steady state of these systems is given by the Gibbs distribution with respect to the system Hamiltonian. The bounds can be evaluated explicitly, when the eigenbasis and the spectrum of the Hamiltonian is known. A crucial assumption is that the spectrum of the Hamiltonian is non-degenerate. Furthermore, we provide a counterexample to the conjecture, that the convergence rate is always determined by the gap of the associated Pauli master equation. We conclude that the full dynamics of the Lindblad generator has to be considered. Finally, we present several physical example systems for which the bound to the spectral gap is evaluated.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
2009 Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association (VPPPA) Presentation: Gaps in your Safety Program?
Madsen, Adrian; Sayre, Eleanor C
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the literature on the gender gap on concept inventories in physics. Across studies, men consistently score higher on pre-tests of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) and Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE) by about 10%, and in most cases score higher on post-tests as well, also by about 10%. The average difference in normalized gain is about 6%. This difference is much smaller than the average difference in normalized gain between traditional lecture and interactive engagement (25%), but is large enough that it could impact the results of studies comparing the effectiveness of different teaching methods. Based on our analysis of 24 published articles comparing the impact of 34 factors that could potentially influence the gender gap, no single factor is sufficient to explain the gap. Several high-profile studies that have claimed to account for or reduce the gender gap have failed to be replicated, suggesting that isolated claims of explanations of the gender gap should be interpreted with ca...
Nahrstedt, Klara
c 2005 by Yuan Xue. All rights reserved. #12;PRICE-BASED OPTIMAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN MULTI have enabled rapid develop- ment of a variety of wireless network technologies. The undeniable- width and battery energy. (3) Autonomous communication entities. The wireless nodes usually belong
Sub-10-nanometre metallic gaps for use in molecular electronics
Curtis, Kellye Suzanne
2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
gaps as small as sub-10 nm. Image from (8). Gaps can also be created by trapping gold nanoparticles between large-separation electrodes using an AC field, and then breaking the bridge by applying a large DC 5 1.2 Review of Related Work voltage (16... .3 Simmons Tunnelling Model grown QDs because their local environment is more stable. This susceptibility to electric fields will be apparent in our measurements, as discussed in 7.6. No matter the nature of the excitation, QDs may emit photons when...
Rapidity gap survival in the black-disk regime
Leonid Frankfurt; Charles Hyde; Mark Strikman; Christian Weiss
2007-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
We summarize how the approach to the black-disk regime (BDR) of strong interactions at TeV energies influences rapidity gap survival in exclusive hard diffraction pp -> p + H + p (H = dijet, Qbar Q, Higgs). Employing a recently developed partonic description of such processes, we discuss (a) the suppression of diffraction at small impact parameters by soft spectator interactions in the BDR; (b) further suppression by inelastic interactions of hard spectator partons in the BDR; (c) correlations between hard and soft interactions. Hard spectator interactions substantially reduce the rapidity gap survival probability at LHC energies compared to previously reported estimates.
Multi-gap high impedance plasma opening switch
Mason, R.J.
1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
A high impedance plasma opening switch having an anode and a cathode and at least one additional electrode placed between the anode and cathode is disclosed. The presence of the additional electrodes leads to the creation of additional plasma gaps which are in series, increasing the net impedance of the switch. An equivalent effect can be obtained by using two or more conventional plasma switches with their plasma gaps wired in series. Higher impedance switches can provide high current and voltage to higher impedance loads such as plasma radiation sources. 12 figs.
Multi-gap high impedance plasma opening switch
Mason, Rodney J. (Los Alamos, NM)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A high impedance plasma opening switch having an anode and a cathode and at least one additional electrode placed between the anode and cathode. The presence of the additional electrodes leads to the creation of additional plasma gaps which are in series, increasing the net impedance of the switch. An equivalent effect can be obtained by using two or more conventional plasma switches with their plasma gaps wired in series. Higher impedance switches can provide high current and voltage to higher impedance loads such as plasma radiation sources.
The role of the energy gap in protein folding dynamics
Estelle Pitard; Henri Orland
1998-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamics of folding of proteins is studied by means of a phenomenological master equation. The energy distribution is taken as a truncated exponential for the misfolded states plus a native state sitting below the continuum. The influence of the gap on the folding dynamics is studied, for various models of the transition probabilities between the different states of the protein. We show that for certain models, the relaxation to the native state is accelerated by increasing the gap, whereas for others it is slowed down .
Particle Swarm Optimization Based Reactive Power Optimization
Sujin, P R; Linda, M Mary
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reactive power plays an important role in supporting the real power transfer by maintaining voltage stability and system reliability. It is a critical element for a transmission operator to ensure the reliability of an electric system while minimizing the cost associated with it. The traditional objectives of reactive power dispatch are focused on the technical side of reactive support such as minimization of transmission losses. Reactive power cost compensation to a generator is based on the incurred cost of its reactive power contribution less the cost of its obligation to support the active power delivery. In this paper an efficient Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based reactive power optimization approach is presented. The optimal reactive power dispatch problem is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. The objective of the proposed PSO is to minimize the total support cost from generators and reactive compensators. It is achieved by maintaining the whole system power loss as minimum...
Optimization Online - Stochastic Optimization Approach to Water ...
Juan M. Salazar
2012-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
Mar 18, 2012 ... The approach determines optimal set-points to maximize power output in the ... black-box simulation models and to construct empirical distributions from ... In a pulverized coal power plant study we have found that weather ...
Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2012
Reformulation of a model for hierarchical divisive graph modularity ... Approximation of Matrix Rank Function and Its Application to Matrix Rank ... MSS: MATLAB software for L-BFGS trust-region subproblems for large-scale optimization
Distributionally Robust Convex Optimization - Optimization Online
2013-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
1Imperial College Business School, Imperial College London, United Kingdom. 2College .... to biased optimization results with poor out-of-sample performance. ...... Question. Is there a vector y ? {0,1}. P such that Ey ? f and g y ? ?? ...... (
Optimization Online Digest -- October 2003
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Kawai, Katsuhisa; Kiyota, Minoru; Seike, Junichi; Deki, Yuko [Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Harima Science Garden City, Hyogo-ken 678-1297 (Japan); Yagisawa, Hitoshi [Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Harima Science Garden City, Hyogo-ken 678-1297 (Japan)], E-mail: yagisawa@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp
2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
In the human genome there are three genes encoding RhoGAPs that contain the START (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)-related lipid transfer)-domain. START-GAP3/DLC3 is a tumor suppressor gene similar to two other human START-GAPs known as DLC1 or DLC2. Although expression of START-GAP3/DLC3 inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells, its molecular function is not well understood. In this study we carried out biochemical characterization of START-GAP3/DLC3, and explored the effects of its expression on cell morphology and intracellular localization. We found that START-GAP3/DLC3 serves as a stimulator of PLC{delta}1 and as a GAP for both RhoA and Cdc42 in vitro. Moreover, we found that the GAP activity is responsible for morphological changes. The intracellular localization of endogenous START-GAP3/DLC3 was explored by immunocytochemistry and was revealed in focal adhesions. These results indicate that START-GAP3/DLC3 has characteristics similar to other START-GAPs and the START-GAP family seems to share common characteristics.
Eliminating the Gap between Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 12, 2003 ... optimization, Dokl. Akad. Nauk BSSR 24 (1980), no. 8, 684–687, in Russian. 16. B. Kummer, Inverse functions of pseudo regular mappings and ...
Perturb-and-MAP Random Fields: Using Discrete Optimization to Learn and Sample from Energy Models
Yuille, Alan L.
Perturb-and-MAP Random Fields: Using Discrete Optimization to Learn and Sample from Energy Models, the deterministic viewpoint on MRF modeling as energy minimization problem has im- portant limitations as it does bridge the gap be- tween the probabilistic and the energy minimization ap- proaches to MRF modeling. We
The CSU Graduation Initiative Closing the Achievement Gap
Su, Xiao
Graduation Initiative is part of the nationwide Access to Success project of the National Association to Graduation 7 #12;Tracking and Reporting Consistent evaluation of project results is a critical componentThe CSU Graduation Initiative Closing the Achievement Gap Executive Vice Chancellor Jeri Echeverria
"Charter and Code" Gap Analysis ANALYSIS FOR NORWAY
Johansen, Tom Henning
"Charter and Code" Â Gap Analysis ANALYSIS FOR NORWAY The European Charter for Researchers: Acceptable. The principle of research freedom is well-established in Norway. The committee refers for Research Ethics in Norway. #12;In recent years, issues of research ethics have received increasing
Topology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps
Sadeh, Norman M.
, evidence-based programs, and service delivery, and health care reform are innovations Author AffiliationsTopology of Local Health Officials' Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps Jacqueline Merrill, RN, MPH: To determine how a health officials' advice network might contribute to a high-performing public health systems
Abstract Local Reasoning for Concurrent Libraries: Mind the Gap
Gardner, Philippa
considerable work on combining lo- cal reasoning with abstraction. There are two main approaches. One approach, truly abstract reasoning of a tree module (such as DOM) works with predicates based on connecting treeMFPS 2014 Abstract Local Reasoning for Concurrent Libraries: Mind the Gap Philippa Gardner, Azalea
BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUILDING SCIENCE AND DESIGN STUDIOS
in the building industry and, to be effective, they need to be integrated into architectural design from, there is a lack of courses that allow for integrated building design through consideration of multiple performanceBRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUILDING SCIENCE AND DESIGN STUDIOS KONSTANTINOS PAPAMICHAEL AND VINEETA
Thermal resistance gaps for solid breeder blankets using packed beds
Gorbis, Z.R.; Raffray, A.R.; Tillack, M.S.; Abdou, M.A.
1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The main design features of a new concept for solid breeder blanket thermal resistance gaps are described and analysis is shown for the blanket thermal characteristics. The effective thermal conductivity of a helium-beryllium packed bed configuration is studied, including the effect of a purge stream. Possible applications of this concept to ITER blanket designs are stressed.
Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-1 Layering as OptimizationLayering as Optimization
Fan, Xingzhe
1 Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-1 Layering as OptimizationLayering as Optimization DecompositionDecomposition Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-2 CONTENTSCONTENTS Introduction (Marta;2 Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-3 Layering as Optimization Decomposition Introduction By Marta
Liu, Kuan-Hsien; Chou, Wu-Ching [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Chang, Ting-Chang, E-mail: tcchang@mail.phys.nsysu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronics Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (China); Wu, Ming-Siou; Hung, Yi-Syuan; Sze, Simon M. [Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Hung, Pei-Hua; Chu, Ann-Kuo [Department of Photonics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, Tien-Yu [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Bo-Liang [Advanced Display Technology Research Center, AU Optronics, No. 1, Li-Hsin Rd. 2, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China)
2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
This Letter investigates abnormal channel width-dependent threshold voltage variation in amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors. Unlike drain-induced source barrier lowering effect, threshold voltage increases with increasing drain voltage. Furthermore, the wider the channel, the larger the threshold voltage observed. Because of the surrounding oxide and other thermal insulating material and the low thermal conductivity of the IGZO layer, the self-heating effect will be pronounced in wider channel devices and those with a larger operating drain bias. To further clarify the physical mechanism, fast IV measurement is utilized to demonstrate the self-heating induced anomalous channel width-dependent threshold voltage variation.
Zhou, Zhi; de Bedout, Juan Manuel; Kern, John Michael; Biyik, Emrah; Chandra, Ramu Sharat
2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
A system for optimizing customer utility usage in a utility network of customer sites, each having one or more utility devices, where customer site is communicated between each of the customer sites and an optimization server having software for optimizing customer utility usage over one or more networks, including private and public networks. A customer site model for each of the customer sites is generated based upon the customer site information, and the customer utility usage is optimized based upon the customer site information and the customer site model. The optimization server can be hosted by an external source or within the customer site. In addition, the optimization processing can be partitioned between the customer site and an external source.
Gohar, M. Y. A; Sofu, T.; Zhong, Z.; Belch, H.; Naberezhnev, D.; Nuclear Engineering Division
2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
A subcritical facility driven by an electron accelerator is planned at the Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) in Ukraine for medical isotope production, materials research, training, and education. The conceptual design of the facility is being pursued through collaborations between ANL and KIPT. As part of the design effort, the high-fidelity analyses of various target options are performed with formulations to reflect the realistic configuration and the three dimensional geometry of each design. This report summarizes the results of target design optimization studies for electron beams with two different beam profiles. The target design optimization is performed via the sequential neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and structural analyses for a comprehensive assessment of each configuration. First, a target CAD model is developed with proper emphasis on manufacturability to provide a basis for separate but consistent models for subsequent neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and structural analyses. The optimizations are pursued for maximizing the neutron yield, streamlining the flow field to avoid hotspots, and minimizing the thermal stresses to increase the durability. In addition to general geometric modifications, the inlet/outlet channel configurations, target plate partitioning schemes, flow manipulations and rates, electron beam diameter/width options, and cladding material choices are included in the design optimizations. The electron beam interactions with the target assembly and the neutronic response of the subcritical facility are evaluated using the MCNPX code. the results for the electron beam energy deposition, neutron generation, and utilization in the subcritical pile are then used to characterize the axisymmetric heat generation profiles in the target assembly with explicit simulations of the beam tube, the coolant, the clad, and the target materials. Both tungsten and uranium are considered as target materials. Neutron spectra from tungsten and uranium are very similar allowing the use of either material in the subcritical assembly without changing its characteristics. However, the uranium target has a higher neutron yield, which increases the neutron flux of the subcritical assembly. Based on the considered dimensions and heat generation profiles, the commercial CFD software Star-CD is used for the thermal-hydraulic analysis of each target design to satisfy a set of thermal criteria, the most limiting of which being to maintain the water temperature 50 below the boiling point. It is found that the turbulence in the inlet channels dissipates quickly in narrow gaps between the target plates and, as a result, the heat transfer is limited by the laminar flow conditions. On average, 3-D CFD analyses of target assemblies agree well with 1-D calculations using RELAP (performed by KIPT). However, the recirculation and stagnation zones predicted with the CFD models prove the importance of a 3-D analysis to avoid the resulting hotspots. The calculated temperatures are subsequently used for the structural analysis of each target configuration to satisfy the other engineering design requirements. The thermo-structural calculations are performed mostly with NASTRAN and the results occasionally compared with the results from MARC. Both, NASTRAN and MARC are commercially available structural-mechanics analysis software. Although, a significant thermal gradient forms in target elements along the beam direction, the high thermal stresses are generally observed peripherally around the edge of thin target disks/plates. Due to its high thermal conductivity, temperatures and thermal stresses in tungsten target are estimated to be significantly lower than in uranium target. The deformations of the target disks/plates are found to be insignificant, which eliminate concerns for flow blockages in narrow coolant channels. Consistent with the specifications of the KIPT accelerator to be used in this facility, the electron beam power is 100-kW with electron energy in the range of 100 to 200 MeV. As expected, the 100 MeV el
for the global optimization problem and its parallelization with di erent load ... In the following, we present some functions [6, 12] to be minimized and the ...
Preprint - Optimization Online
2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
[10] M. Atkinson, A. Negro, N. Santoro, Sums of lexicographically ordered sets, ... Rios-Mercado (Eds.), Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization, ...
Problem Solving Environments iNEOS : An Interactive Environment for Nonlinear Optimization Marcel Good, Jean-Pierre Goux, Jorge Nocedal, Victor Pereyra.
Constrained optimization in seismic reflection tomography: an SQP augmented Lagrangian approach. F. Delbos, J.Ch. Gilbert, R. Glowinski, D. Sinoquet.
2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 13, 2012 ... Stochastic optimization of a multireservoir hydroelectric system : A decomposition approach. Water Ressource Research, 21(6):779–792, June ...
Postscript - Optimization Online
Technical Report R-6469, AERE Harwell Labo-. ratory, Harwell, Oxfordshire, England, 1970. [21] M. J. D. Powell. A new algorithm for unconstrained optimization ...
Control and optimization system
Xinsheng, Lou
2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
A system for optimizing a power plant includes a chemical loop having an input for receiving an input parameter (270) and an output for outputting an output parameter (280), a control system operably connected to the chemical loop and having a multiple controller part (230) comprising a model-free controller. The control system receives the output parameter (280), optimizes the input parameter (270) based on the received output parameter (280), and outputs an optimized input parameter (270) to the input of the chemical loop to control a process of the chemical loop in an optimized manner.
Modeling the Mobile Oil Recovery Problem as a Multiobjective Vehicle Routing Problem ... Optimal Security Response to Attacks on Open Science Grids
Template strand scrunching during DNA gap repair synthesis by human polymerase [lamda
Garcia-Diaz, Miguel; Bebenek, Katarzyna; Larrea, Andres A.; Havener, Jody M.; Perera, Lalith; Krahn, Joseph M.; Pedersen, Lars C.; Ramsden, Dale A.; Kunkel, Thomas A.; (NIH); (UNC)
2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Family X polymerases such as DNA polymerase {lambda}(Pol {lambda}) are well suited for filling short gaps during DNA repair because they simultaneously bind both the 5{prime} and 3{prime} ends of short gaps. DNA binding and gap filling are well characterized for 1-nucleotide (nt) gaps, but the location of yet-to-be-copied template nucleotides in longer gaps is unknown. Here we present crystal structures revealing that, when bound to a 2-nt gap, Pol {lambda} scrunches the template strand and binds the additional uncopied template base in an extrahelical position within a binding pocket that comprises three conserved amino acids. Replacing these amino acids with alanine results in less processive gap filling and less efficient NHEJ when 2-nt gaps are involved. Thus, akin to scrunching by RNA polymerase during transcription initiation, scrunching occurs during gap filling DNA synthesis associated with DNA repair.
Euler's fluid equations: Optimal Control vs Optimization
Darryl D. Holm
2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
An optimization method used in image-processing (metamorphosis) is found to imply Euler's equations for incompressible flow of an inviscid fluid, without requiring that the Lagrangian particle labels exactly follow the flow lines of the Eulerian velocity vector field. Thus, an optimal control problem and an optimization problem for incompressible ideal fluid flow both yield the \\emph {same} Euler fluid equations, although their Lagrangian parcel dynamics are \\emph{different}. This is a result of the \\emph{gauge freedom} in the definition of the fluid pressure for an incompressible flow, in combination with the symmetry of fluid dynamics under relabeling of their Lagrangian coordinates. Similar ideas are also illustrated for SO(N) rigid body motion.
Smoothness of the Gap Function in the BCS-Bogoliubov Theory of Superconductivity
Shuji Watanabe
2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
We deal with the gap equation in the BCS-Bogoliubov theory of superconductivity, where the gap function is a function of the temperature $T$ only. We show that the squared gap function is of class $C^2$ on the closed interval $[\\,0,\\,T_c\\,]$. Here, $T_c$ stands for the transition temperature. Furthermore, we show that the gap function is monotonically decreasing on $[0,\\,T_c]$ and obtain the behavior of the gap function at $T=T_c$. We mathematically point out some more properties of the gap function.
Thermal Fluid Multiphysics Optimization of Spherical Tokamak
Lumsdaine, Arnold [ORNL; Tipton, Joseph B [ORNL; Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF) is required that will create the environment that simultaneously achieves high energy neutrons and high ion fluence necessary in order to bridge the gaps from ITER to the realization of a fusion nuclear power plant. One concept for achieving this is a high duty cycle spherical torus. This study will focus on thermal modeling of the spherical torus centerpost using computational fluid dynamics to effectively model the thermal transfer of the cooling fluid to the centerpost. The design of the fluid channels is optimized in order to minimize the temperature in the centerpost. Results indicate the feasibility of water cooling for a long-pulse spherical torus FNSF.
Combinatorial optimization of welding
SĂłbester, AndrĂˇs
C E D C Combinatorial optimization of welding sequences The problem Combinatorial optimization a welding example of a tail bearing housing vanes Â Figure 1. The major structural details are the outer ring, the inner ring and the vanes. The vanes are welded to the rings using TIG welding. Fig. 1: Tail
Parallel Algorithms for Graph Optimization using Tree Decompositions
Sullivan, Blair D [ORNL; Weerapurage, Dinesh P [ORNL; Groer, Christopher S [ORNL
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Although many $\\cal{NP}$-hard graph optimization problems can be solved in polynomial time on graphs of bounded tree-width, the adoption of these techniques into mainstream scientific computation has been limited due to the high memory requirements of the necessary dynamic programming tables and excessive runtimes of sequential implementations. This work addresses both challenges by proposing a set of new parallel algorithms for all steps of a tree decomposition-based approach to solve the maximum weighted independent set problem. A hybrid OpenMP/MPI implementation includes a highly scalable parallel dynamic programming algorithm leveraging the MADNESS task-based runtime, and computational results demonstrate scaling. This work enables a significant expansion of the scale of graphs on which exact solutions to maximum weighted independent set can be obtained, and forms a framework for solving additional graph optimization problems with similar techniques.
Air-Gap Convection in a Switched Reluctance Machine
Romanazzi, Pietro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Switched reluctance machines (SRMs) have recently become popular in the automotive market as they are a good alternative to the permanent magnet machines commonly employed for an electric powertrain. Lumped parameter thermal networks are usually used for thermal analysis of motors due to their low computational cost and relatively accurate results. A critical aspect to be modelled is the rotor-stator air-gap heat transfer, and this is particularly challenging in an SRM due to the salient pole geometry. This work presents firstly a review of the literature including the most relevant correlations for this geometry, and secondly, numerical CFD simulations of air-gap heat transfer for a typical configuration. A new correlation has been derived: $\\mathbf{Nu=0.181\\ Ta_m^{0.207}}$
The imaginary part of the gap function in color superconductivity
Bo Feng; Defu Hou; Jiarong Li; Hai-cang Ren
2006-09-16T23:59:59.000Z
We clarify general properties of the energy gap regarding its functional dependence on the energy-momentum dictated by the invariance under a space inversion or a time reversal. Then we derive perturbatively the equation of the imaginary part of the gap function for dense QCD in weak coupling and generalize our results from 2SC case to CFL case. We confirm that the imaginary part is down by $g$ relative to the real part in weak coupling. The numerical results show that, up to the leading order, the imaginary part is no larger than one MeV at extremely large densities and can be as large as several MeV the densities are of physical interest.
Spark gap switch system with condensable dielectric gas
Thayer, III, William J. (Kent, WA)
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A spark gap switch system is disclosed which is capable of operating at a high pulse rate comprising an insulated switch housing having a purging gas entrance port and a gas exit port, a pair of spaced apart electrodes each having one end thereof within the housing and defining a spark gap therebetween, an easily condensable and preferably low molecular weight insulating gas flowing through the switch housing from the housing, a heat exchanger/condenser for condensing the insulating gas after it exits from the housing, a pump for recirculating the condensed insulating gas as a liquid back to the housing, and a heater exchanger/evaporator to vaporize at least a portion of the condensed insulating gas back into a vapor prior to flowing the insulating gas back into the housing.
Valley pair qubits in double quantum dots of gapped graphene
G. Y. Wu; N. -Y. Lue; L. Chang
2011-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
The rise of graphene opens a new door to qubit implementation, as discussed in the recent proposal of valley pair qubits in double quantum dots of gapped graphene (Wu et al., arXiv: 1104.0443 [cond-mat.mes-hall]). The work here presents the comprehensive theory underlying the proposal. It discusses the interaction of electrons with external magnetic and electric fields in such structures. Specifically, it examines a strong, unique mechanism, i.e., the analogue of the 1st-order relativistic effect in gapped graphene. This mechanism is state mixing free and allows, together with the electrically tunable exchange coupling, a fast, all-electric manipulation of qubits via electric gates, in the time scale of ns. The work also looks into the issue of fault tolerance in a typical case, yielding at 10oK a long qubit coherence time (~O(ms)).
Damping of lower hybrid waves in large spectral gap configurations
Decker, J.; Peysson, Y.; Artaud, J.-F.; Nilsson, E.; Ekedahl, A.; Goniche, M.; Hillairet, J.; Mazon, D. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint Paul lez Durance (France)
2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
Extensive experimental data support reliable power deposition and current drive by lower-hybrid (LH) waves in conditions where a large spectral gap exists between the nominal parallel index of refraction prescribed by the antenna characteristics and phasing, and that required for significant Landau damping to take place. We argue that only a significant modification of the initial spectrum at the plasma edge could explain experimental observations. Based on this assumption, a new prescription for reliable simulations of LH current drive using ray-tracing and Fokker-Planck modelling is proposed. A remarkable agreement between experimental observations in the Tore Supra tokamak and simulations is obtained for relevant parametric scans, including electron density and LH waveguide phasing. In an effort to investigate the possible role of fluctuations, it is shown that the spectral gap can be bridged dynamically in the presence of a fluctuating LH spectrum.
Entanglement vs. gap for one-dimensional spin systems
Hastings, Matthew [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Aharonov, Dorit [HEBREW UNIV; Gottesman, Daniel [PERIMETER INSTITUTE
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the relationship between entanglement and spectral gap for local Hamiltonians in one dimension. The area law for a one-dimensional system states that for the ground state, the entanglement of any interval is upper-bounded by a constant independent of the size of the interval. However, the possible dependence of the upper bound on the spectral gap {Delta} is not known, as the best known general upper bound is asymptotically much larger than the largest possible entropy of any model system previously constructed for small {Delta}. To help resolve this asymptotic behavior, we construct a family of one-dimensional local systems for which some intervals have entanglement entropy which is polynomial in 1/{Delta}, whereas previously studied systems had the entropy of all intervals bounded by a constant times log(1/{Delta}).
Bridge Health Insurance Options ief gap in health
limitations to bear in mind: n denied health care coverage, you almost certainly won't qualify y at the end-800-304-0372 www.anthem.com and click on visitor and click on state. United Health Care at 1-888-545-5205 or visitBridge Health Insurance Options ief gap in health of coverage became seriously hurt or ill. That
Optimization Online Digest -- December 2014
Elcin Cetinkaya, Aurelie Thiele Information Gap Decision Theory Based OPF With HVDC Connected Wind Farms rabiee abbas, Alireza Soroudi, andrew keane.
E85 Optimized Engine through Boosting, Spray Optimized GDi, VCR...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
GDi, VCR and Variable Valvetrain E85 Optimized Engine through Boosting, Spray Optimized GDi, VCR and Variable Valvetrain 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...
Optimization Online - Level methods uniformly optimal for composite ...
Guanghui Lan
2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 19, 2011 ... Level methods uniformly optimal for composite and structured nonsmooth convex optimization. Guanghui Lan (glan ***at*** ise.ufl.edu).
Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization p...
2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization problem involving relative algebraic interior in ordered linear spaces. Zhi-Ang Zhoua, Xin-Min Yangb and ...
Optimization Online - Optimal synthesis in the Reeds and Shepp ...
Andrey Dmitruk
2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 9, 2011 ... Keywords: Reeds and Shepp car, time-optimal problem, Pontryagin Maximum Principle, reachability sets, optimal synthesis. Category 1: ...
Of horseshoes and heliotropes: Dynamics of dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedman a,
Hamilton, Douglas P.
Of horseshoes and heliotropes: Dynamics of dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedman a, , J.A. Burns a located within the Cassini Division's Laplace Gap demonstrates ``heliotropic'' behavior: its geometric
Almquist, Benjamin Eric
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Treefall gaps, formed as a result of small-scale disturbances, allow seedling recruitment and growth in late-successional forests. Many factors contribute to gap regime heterogeneity within and among forest stands, including wind and fire patterns...
Hydraulically controlled magnetic bougienage for correction of long-gap esophageal atresia
Noh, Minkyun
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
About one in 4000 babies in the United States is born with their esophageal disconnected and separated by a gap, which is called esophageal atresia. Esophageal atresia with a relatively short gap can be directly corrected ...
Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study. Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A...
Fact #837: September 8, Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
7: September 8, Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports of Petroleum is Widening Fact 837: September 8, Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports of Petroleum is Widening Net...
Controlling electrode gap during vacuum arc remelting at low melting current
Williamson, R.L.; Zanner, F.J.; Grose, S.M.
1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method are disclosed for controlling electrode gap in a vacuum arc remelting furnace, particularly at low melting currents. Spectrographic analysis is performed of the metal vapor plasma, from which estimates of electrode gap are derived. 5 figs.
Controlling electrode gap during vacuum arc remelting at low melting current
Williamson, Rodney L. (Albuquerque, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Grose, Stephen M. (Glenwood, WV)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for controlling electrode gap in a vacuum arc remelting furnace, particularly at low melting currents. Spectrographic analysis is performed of the metal vapor plasma, from which estimates of electrode gap are derived.
Query Optimization Techniques Class Hierarchies
Mannheim, UniversitĂ¤t
Query Optimization Techniques Exploiting Class Hierarchies Sophie Cluet 1 Guido Moerkotte 2 1 INRIA Since the introduction of object base management systems (OBMS), many query optimization techniques tailored for object query languages have been proposed. They adapt known optimization techniques
The evolution of the width of X-ray flares with time in Gamma-ray bursts
Bernardini, Maria Grazia [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy); ICRANet, P.le della Repubblica 10, I-65100 Pescara (Italy); Chincarini, Guido; Margutti, Raffaella [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy); University of Milano Bicocca, Physics Dept., P.zza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy)
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present one of the most intriguing results obtained with an updated catalog of 113 early time (i.e. t{sub pk} < or approx. 1000 s) and 36 late time (i.e. t{sub pk} > or approx. 1000 s) X-ray flares detected by Swift in the afterglows of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRB): the evolution of the width of the flares with time. This result, together with other properties investigated on early and late time flares and bright flares, provides a clear observational property that every model aiming at explaining the GRB emission has to face.
Preisig, H. A.
timation Int. J. of Sy,tems Science, 17,No 8, (1986), 1220 C ; Sec comments to Brdys et al. 10 Cutler C.R. & Perry ILT. Rea.l Time Optimization with Multivll.riable Control is Required to Maximize Profits Computcr.! and Chemical Enginccring, 1, No 5....) the constraints .s (K ,11. ,E.) ~ Q where In geneml, the solution to this problem is an optimal control problem since the inputs.ll would be calculated llll a function of time. Optimizing control methods make~ some simplifying 1.18 sumptions about...
J. E. Avron; A. Elgart; G. M. Graf; L. Sadun
2001-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study adiabatic quantum pumps on time scales that are short relative to the cycle of the pump. In this regime the pump is characterized by the matrix of energy shift which we introduce as the dual to Wigner's time delay. The energy shift determines the charge transport, the dissipation, the noise and the entropy production. We prove a general lower bound on dissipation in a quantum channel and define optimal pumps as those that saturate the bound. We give a geometric characterization of optimal pumps and show that they are noiseless and transport integral charge in a cycle. Finally we discuss an example of an optimal pump related to the Hall effect.
Erratum to ``How should gaps be treated in parsimony? A comparison of approaches using simulation"
Rosenberg, Michael S.
Erratum Erratum to ``How should gaps be treated in parsimony? A comparison of approaches using)]. The three comparisons for treating gaps as unknown, fifth state character, and Simple Indel Coding are shownTrueTree TAA Fig. 3. Moving average lines of treating gaps as unknown, fifth state, and Simple Indel Coding
OIKOS 101: 499504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS
Silvertown, Jonathan
OIKOS 101: 499Â504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed size models. Â Oikos 101: 499Â504. ESS for the occupancy of `safe sites' or vegetation gaps. If mortality rates are high and/or frequency-independent, ESS
The Quasi-Distributed Gap Technique for Planar Inductors-Design Guidelines
The Quasi-Distributed Gap Technique for Planar Inductors-Design Guidelines Jiankun Hu C. R The Quasi-Distributed Gap Technique for Planar Inductors: Design Guidelines Jiankun Hu Charles R. Sullivan of low-permeability magnetic material to form a uniformly distributed gap can facilitate the design
Penetration of plasma into the wafer-focus ring gap in capacitively coupled plasmas
Kushner, Mark
Penetration of plasma into the wafer-focus ring gap in capacitively coupled plasmas Natalia Y of capacitively coupled plasma reactors with a wafer-focus ring gap. The penetration of plasma generated species i.e., ions and radicals into the wafer-focus ring gap is discussed. We found that the penetration of plasma
An Abelian Ward identity and the vertex corrections to the color superconducting gap
Hao-jie Xu; Qun Wang
2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
We derive an Abelian-like Ward identity in color superconducting phase and calculate vertex corrections to the color superconducting gap. Making use of the Ward identity, we show that subleading order contributions to the gap from vertices are absent for gapped excitations.
THE DEVIL’S STAIRCASE DIMENSIONS AND MEASURE-THEORETICAL ENTROPY OF MAPS WITH HORIZONTAL GAP
Jung-chao Ban; Song-sun Lin
Abstract. This work elucidates the measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of a unimodal map with a horizontal gap. The measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of the Ft (which is defined later)are shown to form a devil’s staircase structure with respect to the gap size t. Pesin’s formula for gap maps is also considered. 1.
Tabrizi, Mehdi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The multiple scattering effect on the line width of backward Parametric X-ray Radiation (PXR) in the extremely Bragg geometry, produced by low energy relativistic electrons traversing a single crystal, is discussed. It is shown that there exist conditions, when the influence of photo absorption on the line width can be neglected, and the only multiple scattering process of relativistic electrons in crystal leads to the broadening of backward PXR lines. Based on the obtained theoretical results, the line width broadening of backward PXR, caused by the multiple scattering of 30 MeV and 50 MeV relativistic electrons in a Si crystal of varying thicknesses, is numerically obtained.
Optimization Online Digest -- February 2013
Principle of optimal accuracy classification for metrological purposes ... Optimal Power Grid Protection through A Defender-Attacker-Defender Model Wei Yuan ...
2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 2, 2014 ... knowledge to solve certain optimization problems. Optimization problems arise in almost every discipline. They are one of the key applications ...
NEWTON'S METHOD FOR MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION ...
The method does not scalarize the original vector optimization problem, ... for an optimization problem with an objective function with a partially ordered vector ...
Robust Linear Optimization With Recourse
2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an approach to two-stage linear optimization with recourse that does ... Linear optimization with recourse was first introduced by Dantzig in [17] as a ...
Active Magnetic Regenerator Experimental Optimization
Victoria, University of
Active Magnetic Regenerator Experimental Optimization by Armando Tura Bachelor in Engineering Regenerator Experimental Optimization by Armando Tura Bachelor in Engineering, University of Victoria, 2002
Optimal trajectory design under uncertainty
Saunders, Benjamin R. (Benjamin Robert)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reference trajectory design for atmospheric reentry vehicles can be accomplished through trajectory optimization using optimal control techniques. However, this method generally focuses on nominal vehicle performance and ...
Optimized Algorithms Boost Combustion Research
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Optimized Algorithms Boost Combustion Research Optimized Algorithms Boost Combustion Research Methane Flame Simulations Run 6x Faster on NERSC's Hopper Supercomputer November 25,...
Optimization Online Digest -- September 2014
Alvaro Lorca, Andy Sun, Eugene Litvinov, Tongxin Zheng Optimality ... RBFOpt: an open-source library for black-box optimization with costly function evaluations
We have already shown that (9.15) holds, where Lg is the Lipschitz constant of gs on the. bounded set of all w ..... Optim., 40 (2001), pp. 925–946 (electronic).
Polyethylene fiber drawing optimization
Chiloyan, Vazrik
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Polymer fiber drawing creates fibers with enhanced thermal conductivity and strength compared to bulk polymer because drawing aligns the molecular chains. I optimize the polymer fiber drawing method in order to achieve ...
Communicating optimization results
Bailey, Drake (William Drake)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
With global supply chains becoming increasingly complex, leading companies are embracing optimization software tools to help them structure and coordinate their supply chains. With an array of choices available, many ...
de Souza, J.; Holden, D.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energy Optimization is one of the key issues facing the chemical process industries today. The drivers are both economic and environmental. Utilities are among the top operating expenses for manufacturers, reflecting elevated energy prices...
Energy Harvesting Optimization
Lavaei, Javad
Energy Harvesting Optimization Power Systems Analysis Final Project into energy harvesting techniques about two decade ago as a valuable way to satisfy those new demands. Energy harvesting derives energy from the ambient environment
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Optimized Air System Layout Engine 5 8 7 3 1 2 4 MAP EGR Cooler Charge Air Cooler LH Turbo RH Turbo Throttle EGR Valve AirWater Heat Exchangers Wastegate Wastegate Surge valve...
Nuclear Energy Density Optimization
M. Kortelainen; T. Lesinski; J. Moré; W. Nazarewicz; J. Sarich; N. Schunck; M. V. Stoitsov; S. Wild
2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
We carry out state-of-the-art optimization of a nuclear energy density of Skyrme type in the framework of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory. The particle-hole and particle-particle channels are optimized simultaneously, and the experimental data set includes both spherical and deformed nuclei. The new model-based, derivative-free optimization algorithm used in this work has been found to be significantly better than standard optimization methods in terms of reliability, speed, accuracy, and precision. The resulting parameter set UNEDFpre results in good agreement with experimental masses, radii, and deformations and seems to be free of finite-size instabilities. An estimate of the reliability of the obtained parameterization is given, based on standard statistical methods. We discuss new physics insights offered by the advanced covariance analysis.
Kim, Wonjung, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is generally presupposed that the shapes and mechanisms encountered in nature have evolved in such a way as to maximize the robustness of a species. However, most such optimization problems arising in biology are ...
fare, it is essential to select and operate at an equilibrium with optimal social ...... construct the CSP matrix R for L(?,(si(?))i?I? )?? based on (16) to induce a ...
Building separating concentric balls to solve a multi-instance classification problem ... block coordinate-descent decomposition in large-scale integrated refinery- ... of the optimal solutions to Huff-type competitive location and design problems
Adilson E. Motter; Zoltan Toroczkai
2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
The recent surge in the network modeling of complex systems has set the stage for a new era in the study of fundamental and applied aspects of optimization in collective behavior. This Focus Issue presents an extended view of the state of the art in this field and includes articles from a large variety of domains where optimization manifests itself, including physical, biological, social, and technological networked systems.
Constraints on the Higgs boson width from off-shell production and decay to Z-boson pairs
CMS Collaboration
2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints are presented on the total width of the recently discovered Higgs boson, Gamma[H], using its relative on-shell and off-shell production and decay rates to a pair of Z bosons, where one Z boson decays to an electron or muon pair, and the other to an electron, muon, or neutrino pair. The analysis is based on the data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5.1 inverse femtobarns at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7 TeV and 19.7 inverse femtobarns at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A simultaneous maximum likelihood fit to the measured kinematic distributions near the resonance peak and above the Z-boson pair production threshold leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma[H] < 22 MeV at a 95% confidence level, which is 5.4 times the expected value in the standard model at the measured mass.
Papastergis, Emmanouil; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ongoing Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey is a wide-area, extragalactic HI-line survey conducted at the Arecibo Observatory. Sources have so far been extracted over ~3,000 sq.deg of sky (40% of its final area), resulting in the largest HI-selected sample to date. We measure the space density of HI-bearing galaxies as a function of their observed velocity width (uncorrected for inclination) down to w = 20 km/s, a factor of 2 lower than the previous generation HIPASS survey. We confirm previous results that indicate a substantial discrepancy at low widths between the observational distribution and the theoretical one expected in a CDM Universe. In particular, a comparison with synthetic galaxy samples populating state-of-the-art CDM simulations imply a factor of ~8 difference in the abundance of galaxies with w = 50 km/s (increasing to a factor of ~100 when extrapolated to the ALFALFA limit of w = 20 km/s). We furthermore identify possible solutions, including a ~keV WDM scenario and the fact that H...
Convex Analysis and Optimization, D. P. Bertsekas! CONVEX OPTIMIZATION
Bertsekas, Dimitri
1! Convex Analysis and Optimization, D. P. Bertsekas! CONVEX OPTIMIZATION: A SELECTIVE OVERVIEW Dimitri Bertsekas! M.I.T.! Taiwan! May 2010! #12;2! Convex Analysis and Optimization, D. P. Bertsekas! OUTLINE! Â· Convexity issues in optimization! Â· Common geometrical framework for duality and minimax
Direct Bound on the Total Decay Width of the Top Quark in pp? Collisions at ?s=1.96??TeV
Bauer, Gerry P.
We present the first direct experimental bound on the total decay width of the top quark, ?[subscript t], using 955??pb[superscript -1] of the Tevatron’s pp? collisions recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We ...
Direct control of air gap flux in permanent magnet machines
Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus for field weakening in PM machines uses field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72) to produce flux in one or more stators (34, 49, 63, 64), including a flux which counters flux normally produced in air gaps between the stator(s) (34, 49, 63, 64) and the rotor (20, 21, 41, 61) which carries the PM poles. Several modes of operation are introduced depending on the magnitude and polarity of current in the field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72). The invention is particularly useful for, but not limited to, the electric vehicle drives and PM generators.
Low-pressure spark gap triggered by an ion diode
Prono, D.S.
1982-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
Spark gap apparatus for use as an electric switch operating at high voltage, high current and high repetition rate. Mounted inside a housing are an anode, cathode and ion plate. An ionizable fluid is pumped through the chamber of the housing. A pulse of current to the ion plate causes ions to be emitted by the ion plate, which ions move into and ionize the fluid. Electric current supplied to the anode discharges through the ionized fluid and flows to the cathode. Current stops flowing when the current source has been drained. The ionized fluid recombines into its initial dielectric ionizable state. The switch is now open and ready for another cycle.
Fermi velocity renormalization and dynamical gap generation in graphene
C. Popovici; C. S. Fischer; L. von Smekal
2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study the renormalization of the Fermi velocity by the long-range Coulomb interactions between the charge carriers in the Dirac-cone approximation for the effective low-energy description of the electronic excitations in graphene at half filling. Solving the coupled system of Dyson-Schwinger equations for the dressing functions in the corresponding fermion propagator with various approximations for the particle-hole polarization we observe that Fermi velocity renormalization effects generally lead to a considerable increase of the critical coupling for dynamical gap generation and charge-density wave formation at the semimetal-insulator transition.
FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card - Industrial Hygiene | Department of
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit|Department of Energy56Executive212-2012 June;'FAQ:Energy FAQS Gap
Minding the Gap Makes for More Efficient Solar Cells
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3EutecticMinding the Gap Makes for More
Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIon CoolingSubstrateSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap
Substrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in Epitaxial Graphene
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium Oxide ThinIonSubstrate-Induced Band-Gap Opening in
Cook, Robert
-optimally. The first area is the sunk-cost effect in which participants persist in a losing course of action, ignoring-reduction theory; observing responses; sunk-cost effect; base-rate neglect. Optimal and Non-optimal Behavior Across
OPTIMIZATION OF GaN WINDOW LAYER FOR InGaN SOLAR CELLS USING POLARIZATION EFFECT
Honsberg, Christiana
on the design of wide-band gap GaN window layers for InGaN solar cells. Window layers serve to passivate the top into account during design of the solar cell to improve its collection efficiency. Previously, we have. The present work is a subset of the design optimization process for such solar cells, where we focus
Convex Optimization Course Welcome Pack
Hall, Julian
1 NATCOR Convex Optimization Course 23rd Â 27th June 2014 Welcome Pack This pack contains. ABSTRACT Convex optimization is the fundamental process of optimal decision-making. Although mathematically restrictive, many practical problems may be modelled directly as convex optimization problems. Convex
Travis, Adrian
or there is an alternative route in to the College theough the Golden Gate. There will be a steward on hand to assist. 12Bridge the Gap 2014 -- Guidance for Participants Requiring Level Access This level-access route is meant to accommodate Bridge the Gap participants using wheelchairs, mobility scooters and pushchairs
Hanford Waste Physical and Rheological Properties: Data and Gaps
Kurath, Dean E.; Wells, Beric E.; Huckaby, James L.; Mahoney, Lenna A.; Daniel, Richard C.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Tingey, Joel M.; Cooley, Scott K.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The retrieval, transport, treatment and disposal operations associated with Hanford Tank Wastes involve the handling of a wide range of slurries. Knowledge of the physical and rheological properties of the waste is a key component to the success of the design and implementation of the waste processing facilities. Previous efforts to compile and analyze the physical and rheological properties were updated with new results including information on solids composition and density, particle size distributions, slurry rheology, and particle settling behavior. The primary source of additional data is from a recent series of tests sponsored by the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. These tests involved an extensive suite of characterization and bench-scale process testing of 8 waste groups representing approximately 75% of the high-level waste mass expected to be processed through the WTP. Additional information on the morphology of the waste solids was also included. Based on the updated results, a gap analysis to identify gaps in characterization data, analytical methods and data interpretation was completed.
Hanford Waste Physical and Rheological Properties: Data and Gaps - 12078
Kurath, D.E.; Wells, B.E.; Huckaby, J.L.; Mahoney, L.A.; Daniel, R.C.; Burns, C.A.; Tingey, J.M.; Cooley, S.K. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999, Richland WA 99352 (United States)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The retrieval, transport, treatment and disposal operations associated with Hanford Tank Wastes involve the handling of a wide range of slurries. Knowledge of the physical and rheological properties of the waste is a key component to the success of the design and implementation of the waste processing facilities. Previous efforts to compile and analyze the physical and rheological properties were updated with new results including information on solids composition and density, particle size distributions, slurry rheology, and particle settling behavior. The primary source of additional data is from a recent series of tests sponsored by the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). These tests involved an extensive suite of characterization and bench-scale process testing of 8 waste groups representing approximately 75% of the high-level waste mass expected to be processed through the WTP. Additional information on the morphology of the waste solids was also included. Based on the updated results, a gap analysis to identify gaps in characterization data, analytical methods and data interpretation was completed. (authors)
An Approach to Plantwide Optimization
Nath, R.; Worsham, B. A.; Libby, D. J.
AN APPROACH TO PLANTWIDE OPTIMIZATION RAVI NATH, BILL A WORSHAM, DALE J. LIBBY Union Carbide Corporation Houston, NlSTRACT Optimization of individual processing units as well as the energy systems has become common place in the processing... industries (Ref. 1,2). Typically such optimizations are done piecemeal, with heavy reliance on the 'transfer prices' to link the various optimizations. Such optimizations usually lead to decision policies which are inferior. Superior results...
Alexander Bolonkin; Robert Sierakowski
2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
Current research suggests the use of a liner quadratic performance index for optimal control of regulators in various applications. Some examples include correcting the trajectory of rocket and air vehicles, vibration suppression of flexible structures, and airplane stability. In all these cases, the focus is in suppressing/decreasing system deviations rapidly. However, if one compares the Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) solution with optimal solutions (minimum time), it is seen that the LQR solution is less than optimal in some cases indeed (3-6) times that obtained using a minimum time solution. Moreover, the LQR solution is sometimes unacceptable in practice due to the fact that values of control extend beyond admissible limits and thus the designer must choose coefficients in the linear quadratic form, which are unknown. The authors suggest methods which allow finding a quasi-optimal LQR solution with bounded control which is closed to the minimum time solution. They also remand the process of the minimum time decision. Keywords: Optimal regulator, minimum time controller, Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). -- This paper is declared a work of the U.S. Government and not subject to copyright protection in the USA. The manuscript is accepted as paper AIAA-2003-6638 by 2nd AIAA Unmanned Unlimited Systems, Technologies, and Operations-Aerospace, Land, and See Conference and Workshop - Exhibit, San Diego, California, USA, 15-18 Sep. 2003.
Designing Networks: A Mixed-Integer Linear Optimization Approach
Gounaris, Chrysanthos E; Kevrekidis, Ioannis G; Floudas, Christodoulos A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Designing networks with specified collective properties is useful in a variety of application areas, enabling the study of how given properties affect the behavior of network models, the downscaling of empirical networks to workable sizes, and the analysis of network evolution. Despite the importance of the task, there currently exists a gap in our ability to systematically generate networks that adhere to theoretical guarantees for the given property specifications. In this paper, we propose the use of Mixed-Integer Linear Optimization modeling and solution methodologies to address this Network Generation Problem. We present a number of useful modeling techniques and apply them to mathematically express and constrain network properties in the context of an optimization formulation. We then develop complete formulations for the generation of networks that attain specified levels of connectivity, spread, assortativity and robustness, and we illustrate these via a number of computational case studies.
Li, Jiang; Shi, Junkai; Xu, Baozhong; Xing, Qirong; Wang, Chingyue [Ultrafast Laser Laboratory, College of Precision Instrument and Optoelectronics Engineering, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Information Technology (Ministry of Education), Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Chai, Lu, E-mail: lu-chai@tju.edu.cn, E-mail: yanfengli@tju.edu.cn; Liu, Bowen; Hu, Minglie; Li, Yanfeng, E-mail: lu-chai@tju.edu.cn, E-mail: yanfengli@tju.edu.cn [Ultrafast Laser Laboratory, College of Precision Instrument and Optoelectronics Engineering, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Information Technology (Ministry of Education), Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); MOEMS Key Laboratory (Ministry of Education), Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Fedotov, Andrey B. [Physics Department, Russian Quantum Center, International Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Zheltikov, Aleksei M. [Physics Department, Russian Quantum Center, International Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)
2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
A chirp-tunable femtosecond 10?W, 42?MHz photonic-crystal-fiber oscillator-amplifier system that is capable of delivering sub-60 fs light pulses at 1040?nm is used to demonstrate high-efficiency terahertz radiation generation via optical rectification in GaP crystals only a few millimeters in length. The optimization of the chirp of the fiber-laser pulses is shown to radically enhance the terahertz output, indicating one possible way to more efficiently use these extended nonlinear crystals in compact fiber-pumped terahertz radiation sources.
McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Duan, Xiaoli; Wendel, Emily M.
2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
This technology evaluation was prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). ¬The technology evaluation assesses techniques for optimizing reverse osmosis (RO) systems to increase RO system performance and water efficiency. This evaluation provides a general description of RO systems, the influence of RO systems on water use, and key areas where RO systems can be optimized to reduce water and energy consumption. The evaluation is intended to help facility managers at Federal sites understand the basic concepts of the RO process and system optimization options, enabling them to make informed decisions during the system design process for either new projects or recommissioning of existing equipment. This evaluation is focused on commercial-sized RO systems generally treating more than 80 gallons per hour.¬
Papastergis, Emmanouil; Martin, Ann M.; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P., E-mail: papastergis@astro.cornell.edu, E-mail: amartin@astro.cornell.edu, E-mail: riccardo@astro.cornell.edu, E-mail: haynes@astro.cornell.edu [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Space Sciences Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)
2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
The ongoing Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey is a wide-area, extragalactic HI-line survey conducted at the Arecibo Observatory. Sources have so far been extracted over {approx}3000 deg{sup 2} of sky (40% of its final area), resulting in the largest HI-selected sample to date. We measure the space density of HI-bearing galaxies as a function of their observed velocity width (uncorrected for inclination) down to w = 20 km s{sup -1}, a factor of two lower than the previous generation HI Parkes All-Sky Survey. We confirm previous results that indicate a substantial discrepancy between the observational distribution and the theoretical one expected in a cold dark matter (CDM) universe, at low widths. In particular, a comparison with synthetic galaxy samples populating state-of-the-art CDM simulations imply a factor of {approx}8 difference in the abundance of galaxies with w = 50 km s{sup -1} (increasing to a factor of {approx}100 when extrapolated to the ALFALFA limit of w = 20 km s{sup -1}). We furthermore identify possible solutions, including a keV warm dark matter scenario and the fact that HI disks in low-mass galaxies are usually not extended enough to probe the full amplitude of the galactic rotation curve. In this latter case, we can statistically infer the relationship between the measured HI rotational velocity of a galaxy and the mass of its host CDM halo. Observational verification of the presented relationship at low velocities would provide an important test of the validity of the established dark matter model.
Athanasios Maglaras; Trifon Kousiouris; Frangiskos Topalis; Dimitrios Katsaros; Leandros A. Maglaras; Konstantina Giannakopoulou
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates the influence of a resistor on the dielectric behavior of an air gap. The resistor is connected in series with the air gap and the latter is stressed by impulse voltage. Air gap arrangements of different geometry with either the rod or the plate grounded are stressed with impulse voltages of both positive and negative polarity. The resistor is connected in series with the air gap in the return circuit connecting the gap with the impulse generator. The method followed involves the investigation of the graphs of the charging time concerning the air gaps capacitances, in connection to the value of the resistor, the geometry of the gap, the effect of grounding and the polarity effect. It is determined that the charging time of the air gap increases, as the value of the resistor increases. It is also determined that the peak voltage value of the fully charged air gap decreases as the value of the resistor increases. The results of the mathematical and simulation analysis are compared with the results of the oscillograms taken from experimental work. In addition and consequently to the above results it is concluded from the experimental work that the in series connection of the resistor in the circuit has significant influence on corona pulses (partial discharges) occurring in the gap and on the breakdown voltage of the gap. A new method of controlling the corona effects and consequently the breakdown voltage of small air gaps stressed by impulse voltage of short duration in connection to the ground effect and the polarity effect has arisen. Furthermore through mathematical analysis of the charging graphs obtained from simulation and experimental oscillograms there was a calculation of the values of the capacitance of the air gaps in relation to their geometry and the results were compared to the values calculated with mathematical analysis.
Predictive Energy Optimization
Dickinson, P.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Predictive?Energy?Optimization Peter?Dickinson Phone:?+1?(415)?233?2306 Email:??Peterd@buildingiq.com Twitter:??@Pete_BIQ BuildingIQ?Overview 2 ? Software?to?intelligently?assess?and?control?HVAC? energy for...,?retail,?government,?hospitality,?etc ? Integration?with?all?major?BMS? ? 10?30%?HVAC?energy?savings?and?up?to?30%?peak? load?reduction during?DR?events ? Subscription?based?service?? minimal?capex BuildingIQ optimizes?energy?use?in?commercial?buildings?by?transforming? existing...
Distributed Optimization System
Hurtado, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Dohrmann, Clark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)
2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
A search system and method for controlling multiple agents to optimize an objective using distributed sensing and cooperative control. The search agent can be one or more physical agents, such as a robot, and can be software agents for searching cyberspace. The objective can be: chemical sources, temperature sources, radiation sources, light sources, evaders, trespassers, explosive sources, time dependent sources, time independent sources, function surfaces, maximization points, minimization points, and optimal control of a system such as a communication system, an economy, a crane, and a multi-processor computer.
Mind the Gap: Supersymmetry Breaking in Scaling, Microstate Geometries
Orestis Vasilakis; Nicholas P. Warner
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We use a multi-species supertube solution to construct an example of a scaling microstate geometry for non-BPS black rings in five dimensions. We obtain the asymptotic charges of the microstate geometry and show how the solution is related to the corresponding non-BPS black ring. The supersymmetry is broken in a very controlled manner using holonomy and this enables a close comparison with a scaling, BPS microstate geometry. Requiring that there are no closed time-like curves near the supertubes places additional restrictions on the moduli space of physical, non-BPS solutions when compared to their BPS analogs. For large holonomy the scaling non-BPS solution always has closed time-like curves while for smaller holonomy there is a "gap" in the non-BPS moduli space relative to the BPS counterpart.
Voltage-matched, monolithic, multi-band-gap devices
Wanlass, Mark W.; Mascarenhas, Angelo
2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a sting of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.
Annular gap solitons in Kerr media with circular gratings
Scheuer, Jacob [School of Electrical Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Malomed, Boris [School of Electrical Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce standing-light patterns trapped in a Bragg grating written along the radial direction in a self-focusing (SF) or self-defocusing (SDF) optical medium. Unlike previously studied axisymmetric settings that deal with the axial propagation, we consider the propagation of light in the radial directions (outward and inward), which may give rise to annular gap solitons (AGSs), supported by the circular grating. An estimate for the threshold of the modulational instability of the AGS against azimuthal perturbations in the SF medium is obtained analytically, and verified by direct simulations. In the SDF model, stable annular and dipole solitons are found in a numerical form, while multipole patterns and vortex rings are unstable. Similar solitons are possible in the Bose-Einstein condensate.
Voltage-Matched, Monolithic, Multi-Band-Gap Devices
Wanlass, M. W.; Mascarenhas, A.
2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
Monolithic, tandem, photonic cells include at least a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer, wherein each semiconductor layer includes an n-type region, a p-type region, and a given band-gap energy. Formed within each semiconductor layer is a string of electrically connected photonic sub-cells. By carefully selecting the numbers of photonic sub-cells in the first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s), and by carefully selecting the manner in which the sub-cells in a first and second layer photonic sub-cell string(s) are electrically connected, each of the first and second layer sub-cell strings may be made to achieve one or more substantially identical electrical characteristics.
Download - Optimization Online
2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
APPSPACK is software for solving unconstrained and bound constrained ... Division at the United States Department of Energy and by Sandia National Laboratory, a multi- ... APPSPACK is targeted to simulation-based optimization. .... Satisfying decrease condition (4) is only part of the comparison APPSPACK uses.
Multiperiod Refinery Planning Optimization
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
Multiperiod Refinery Planning Optimization with Nonlinear CDU Models Abdulrahman Alattas, Advisor #12;Refinery Planning Model Development 2 Extension to Multiperiod Planning #12;3 Multiperiod Refinery: refinery configuration Determine Â· What crude oil to process and in which time period? Â· The quantities
Gap symmetries from the neighbor coupling in square-lattice superconductors
W. Liming
2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
The gap symmetries of superconductivity are studied in this work. It is found that the gap symmetries are simply determined by the 4-fold rotational symmetries of the coupling potential on neighbor sites. A local on-site coupling potential results in the on-site pairing with the conventional s-wave symmetry, but a coupling potential between the nearest neighbors or the next-nearest neighbors results in the pairing on neighbor sites with the $s^-$, $d_{x^2-y^2}$, $d_{xy}$, or $s_{x^2y^2}$ gap symmetries. It is proved that both isotropic and anisotropic gap functions are allowed by the 4-fold rotational symmetries of the coupling potential. Finally a numerical computation is performed to demonstrate the gap symmetries. This neighbor coupling provides a unified picture for the gap functions of the conventional and the high Tc superconductivity.
LS-266 OPTIMIZATION OF FOUR-BUTTON BEAM POSITION MONITOR CONFIGURATION FOR SMALL-GAP VACUUM CHAMBERS
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping
Optimality of Affine Policies in Multi-stage Robust Optimization
Bertsimas, Dimitris J.
In this paper, we prove the optimality of disturbance-affine control policies in the context of one-dimensional, constrained, multistage robust optimization. Our results cover the finite-horizon case, with minimax (worst-case) ...
Optimized cobalt nanowires for domain wall manipulation imaged by in situ Lorentz microscopy
Rodriguez, L. A. [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain) [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); CEMES-CNRS 29, rue Jeanne Marvig, B.P. 94347 F-31055, Toulouse Cedex (France); Magen, C. [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain) [Laboratorio de Microscopias Avanzadas (LMA), Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); Fundacion ARAID, 50004 Zaragoza (Spain)] [Spain; Snoeck, E.; Gatel, C. [Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France) [Transpyrenean Associated Laboratory for Electron Microscopy (TALEM), CEMES-INA, CNRS-Universidad de Zaragoza, Toulouse (France); CEMES-CNRS 29, rue Jeanne Marvig, B.P. 94347 F-31055, Toulouse Cedex (France); Serrano-Ramon, L. [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain) [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon (ICMA), Universidad de Zaragoza-CSIC, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); and others
2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
Direct observation of domain wall (DW) nucleation and propagation in focused electron beam induced deposited Co nanowires as a function of their dimensions was carried out by Lorentz microscopy (LTEM) upon in situ application of magnetic field. Optimal dimensions favoring the unambiguous DW nucleation/propagation required for applications were found in 500-nm-wide and 13-nm-thick Co nanowires, with a maximum nucleation field and the largest gap between nucleation and propagation fields. The internal DW structures were resolved using the transport-of-intensity equation formalism in LTEM images and showed that the optimal nanowire dimensions correspond to the crossover between the nucleation of transverse and vortex walls.
Optimization Online - An Active Set Strategy for Solving Optimization ...
Klaus Schittkowski
2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 13, 2009 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern ...
Dimitris Bertsimas
2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
May 12, 2006 ... ... is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Nonlinear Conic Optimization --why and how--
Sidorov, Nikita
Nonlinear Conic Optimization --why and how-- Michal Kocvara School of Mathematics, The University Optimization 1 / 38 #12;Conic optimization "generalized" mathematical optimization problem min f(x) subject optimization, LCO convex convex conic optimization, CCO non-convex non-convex conic optimization, NCO Michal
and resource managers generally agree that with climate change warming Alaska waters, it is no longer a matter be mottled dark brown to dark green, with small yellow patches. The bottom may be orange or red during of water salinity and temperature. They can also survive upstream of river mouths in some estuarine
Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications
Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of "pinning" the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14.+-.0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap.
A Survey of Gaps, Obstacles, and Technical Challenges for Hypersonic Applications.
Barber, Timothy Andrew
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
?? The object of this study is to canvas the literature for the purpose of identifying and compiling a list of Gaps, Obstacles, and Technological… (more)
Shaffer, S A; Costa, Daniel P
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Gap Analysis, Data Standardization, and Future Directionsdata, and 3) lack of standardization in data re- porting. Awas the lack of standardization and/or presentation of
Stationary Fuel Cell Application Codes and Standards: Overview and Gap Analysis
Blake, C. W.; Rivkin, C. H.
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report provides an overview of codes and standards related to stationary fuel cell applications and identifies gaps and resolutions associated with relative codes and standards.
When is a Gap Function Good for Error Bounds? 1 Introduction and ...
2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
the gap function and its Fukushima type regularization for GVI and WGVI. ... function for GVI and also regularize it along the lines of Fukushima [10] and show
Optimal taxation with endogenous wages
Stantcheva, Stefanie
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis consists of three chapters on optimal tax theory with endogenous wages. Chapter 1 studies optimal linear and nonlinear income taxation when firms do not know workers' abilities, and competitively screen them ...
Optimization Online Digest -- November 2008
Efficient high-precision dense matrix algebra on parallel architectures for nonlinear discrete optimization ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning ... Global Optimization for the Design of Space Trajectories
Optimization Online Digest -- July 2014
Stochastic Topology Design Optimization for Continuous Elastic Materials. ... using linear optimization over the completely positive semidefinite cone. Monique ... Local Convergence of an Algorithm for Subspace Identification from Partial Data
Optimization of fracture treatment designs
Rueda, Jose Ignacio
2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
length and fracture conductivity, and well spacing to optimize methane recovery and project economics of coalbed methane reservoirs. Anderson and Philflps g examined several methods of optimizing proppant selection. Proppant selection is very important...
Global optimization in reduced space
Wechsung, Achim
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimization is a key activity in any engineering discipline. Global optimization methods, in particular, strive to solve nonconvex problems, which often arise in chemical engineering, and deterministic algorithms such as ...
Free Material Optimization with Fundamental Eigenfrequency ...
2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of this paper is to formulate and solve free material optimization ... Free material optimization (FMO) is a branch of structural optimization that gains in-.
PCx: Optimization Problem Solver | Argonne National Laboratory
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
PCx: Optimization Problem Solver PCx: Optimization Problem Solver PCx is a highly efficient code for solving linear programming optimization problems. In addition to being a useful...
Methods for PDE-constrained optimization
Reed, Joseph Robert
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
constrained optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.16.5 Testing the optimization algorithm . . . . . . .6.5.1 The optimization algorithm in PLTMG 6.6 The proposed
Optimization Online Digest -- February 2011
Stochastic Optimization for Power System Configuration with Renewable Energy in Remote Areas Ludwig Kuznia, Bo Zeng, Grisselle Centeno, Zhixin Miao
Optimization Online Digest -- March 2012
Economic and Environmental Analysis of Photovoltaic Energy Systems via Robust Optimization Shimpei Okido, Akiko Takeda Scatter search algorithms for the ...
Optimization Online Digest -- April 2011
On Minimizing the Energy Consumption of an Electrical Vehicle Abdelkader Merakeb, Frederic ... Stefan Wild, Christine Shoemaker. Robust Optimization
Optimization Online Digest -- July 2003
Optimization Online Digest — July 2003. Applications — OR and Management Sciences Shunting Minimal Rail Car Allocation Marco E. Luebbecke, Uwe T.
Optimization Online Digest -- December 2011
A Security Framework for Smart Metering with Multiple Data Consumers Cristina Rottondi, Giacomo Verticale, Antonio Capone Optimizing Trading Decisions for ...
Lee, Byeonggu
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses ...
Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over
California at Los Angeles, University of
Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over Networks Ali H. Sayed University of California at Los 2014 A. H. Sayed DOI: 10.1561/2200000051 Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization over Networks Ali H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.6 Notation and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 Optimization by Single Agents
Optimization of Injection Scheduling in
Stanford University
SGP-TR-I12 Optimization of Injection Scheduling in Geothermal Fields James Lovekin May 1987&injection optimization problem is broke$ into two subpmbkm:(1) choosing a configuration of injectorsfrom an existing set is defined as the fieldwide break- through lindex, B. Injection is optimized by choosing injection wells
Ceragioli, Francesca
ONE DAY ON SHAPE OPTIMIZATION Tuesday November 17, 2009 Aula Buzano - Dipartimento di Matematica to "Shape Optimization", a very active research field which combines techniques from several areas of mathematics to set out and solve problems where the optimal shape of an object has to be determined, in order
Clock Distribution Network Optimization by Sequential Quadratic Programing
Mekala, Venkata
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
., i.e., L(x; ) = xTD ( 2): (2.4) Denote by rxL(x; ) the gradient vector of the Lagrangian function, i.e., rxL(x; ) = D + rx 2: (2.5) For a speci c setup of all mesh wire widths in the clock network, the gradient of sink delay variance, rx 2, can... and the constraints are satis ed at the optimal point, i.e., for our problem, D + rx 2 = 0; (2.6) 2 0: (2.7) One common way to solve an equation as Eqn. 2.6. is Newton?s method. Basi- cally, Newton?s method searches for the root of an equation f(x) = 0...
Optimal asymptotic cloning machines
G. Chiribella; Y. Yang
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
We pose the question whether the asymptotic equivalence between quantum cloning and quantum state estimation, valid at the single-clone level, still holds when all clones are examined globally. We conjecture that the answer is affirmative and present a large amount of evidence supporting our conjecture, developing techniques to derive optimal asymptotic cloners and proving their equivalence with estimation in virtually all scenarios considered in the literature. Our analysis covers the case of arbitrary finite sets of states, arbitrary families of coherent states, arbitrary phase- and multiphase-covariant sets of states, and two-qubit maximally entangled states. In all these examples we observe that the optimal asymptotic fidelity enjoys a universality property, as its scaling does not depend on the specific details of the set of input states, but only on the number of parameters needed to specify them.
Modeling of Photonic Band Gap Crystals and Applications
Ihab Fathy El-Kady
2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, the authors have undertaken a theoretical approach to the complex problem of modeling the flow of electromagnetic waves in photonic crystals. The focus is to address the feasibility of using the exciting phenomena of photonic gaps (PBG) in actual applications. The authors start by providing analytical derivations of the computational electromagnetic methods used in their work. They also present a detailed explanation of the physics underlying each approach, as well as a comparative study of the strengths and weaknesses of each method. The Plane Wave expansion, Transfer Matrix, and Finite Difference time Domain Methods are addressed. They also introduce a new theoretical approach, the Modal Expansion Method. They then shift the attention to actual applications. They begin with a discussion of 2D photonic crystal wave guides. The structure addressed consists of a 2D hexagonal structure of air cylinders in a layered dielectric background. Comparison with the performance of a conventional guide is made, as well as suggestions for enhancing it. The studies provide an upper theoretical limit on the performance of such guides, as they assumed no crystal imperfections and non-absorbing media. Next, they study 3D metallic PBG materials at near infrared and optical wavelengths. The main objective is to study the importance of absorption in the metal and the suitability of observing photonic band gaps in such structures. They study simple cubic structures where the metallic scatters are either cubes or interconnected metallic rods. Several metals are studied (aluminum, gold, copper, and silver). The effect of topology is addressed and isolated metallic cubes are found to be less lossy than the connected rod structures. The results reveal that the best performance is obtained by choosing metals with a large negative real part of the dielectric function, together with a relatively small imaginary part. Finally, they point out a new direction in photonic crystal research that involves the interplay of metallic-PBG rejection and photonic band edge absorption. They propose that an absolute metallic-PBG may be used to suppress the infrared part of the blackbody emission and, emit its energy only through a sharp absorption band. Potential applications of this new PBG mechanism include highly efficient incandescent lamps and enhanced thermophotovoltaic energy conversion. The suggested lamp would be able to recycle the energy that would otherwise go into the unwanted heat associated with usual lamps, into light emitted in the visible spectrum. It is estimated this would increase the efficiency over conventional lamps by about 40%.
Direct measurement of the W boson decay width in proton-antiproton collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV
Zhu, Jun-jie
2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation describes a direct measurement of the W boson total decay width, {Lambda}{sub W}, using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurement uses an integrated luminosity of 177.3 pb{sup -1} data, collected during the 2002-2003 run. The width is determined from the shape of the transverse mass distribution, M{sub T}, by fitting the data in the tail region 100 < M{sub T} < 200 GeV. The result if {Lambda}{sub W} = 2.011 {+-} 0.093(stat) {+-} 0.107(syst) GeV.
HOMER® Micropower Optimization Model
Lilienthal, P.
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NREL has developed the HOMER micropower optimization model. The model can analyze all of the available small power technologies individually and in hybrid configurations to identify least-cost solutions to energy requirements. This capability is valuable to a diverse set of energy professionals and applications. NREL has actively supported its growing user base and developed training programs around the model. These activities are helping to grow the global market for solar technologies.
Aegerter, R.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is being let down. Some projects are independent of the steam balance, such as eliminating high-pressure (HP) steam leaks, insulating HP steam piping, optimizing the boiler operation, and improving the performance of condensing turbines.... If dirty fuels are used, then soot blowing should be frequently performed and the economizers cleaned on a more frequent schedule. For sites with condensing turbines, the turbine blades and the surface condensers must remain clean to maintain...
PDSF Performance and Optimization
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizing I/OP-GlycoproteinInteractivePasswords
Liu, Yueqiang, E-mail: yueqiang.liu@ccfe.ac.uk; Chapman, I. T. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Graves, J. P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Hao, G. Z. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China)] [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China); Wang, Z. R.; Menard, J. E.; Okabayashi, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States); Strait, E. J.; Turnbull, A. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)] [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A non-perturbative magnetohydrodynamic-kinetic hybrid formulation is developed and implemented into the MARS-K code [Liu et al., Phys. Plasmas 15, 112503 (2008)] that takes into account the anisotropy and asymmetry [Graves et al., Nature Commun. 3, 624 (2012)] of the equilibrium distribution of energetic particles (EPs) in particle pitch angle space, as well as first order finite orbit width (FOW) corrections for both passing and trapped EPs. Anisotropic models, which affect both the adiabatic and non-adiabatic drift kinetic energy contributions, are implemented for both neutral beam injection and ion cyclotron resonant heating induced EPs. The first order FOW correction does not contribute to the precessional drift resonance of trapped particles, but generally remains finite for the bounce and transit resonance contributions, as well as for the adiabatic contributions from asymmetrically distributed passing particles. Numerical results for a 9MA steady state ITER plasma suggest that (i) both the anisotropy and FOW effects can be important for the resistive wall mode stability in ITER plasmas; and (ii) the non-perturbative approach predicts less kinetic stabilization of the mode, than the perturbative approach, in the presence of anisotropy and FOW effects for the EPs. The latter may partially be related to the modification of the eigenfunction of the mode by the drift kinetic effects.
Gohil, Raj
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Obscured AGNs provide an opportunity to study the material surrounding the central engine. Geometric and physical constraints on the absorber can be deduced from the reprocessed AGN emission. In particular, the obscuring gas may reprocess the nuclear X-ray emission producing a narrow Fe K$\\alpha$ line and a Compton reflection hump. In recent years, models of the X-ray reflection from an obscuring torus have been computed; however, although the reflecting gas may be dusty, the models do not yet take into account the effects of dust on the predicted spectrum. We study this problem by analyzing two sets of models, with and without the presence of dust, using the one dimensional photo-ionization code Cloudy. The calculations are performed for a range of column densities ($22 hydrogen densities ( $6 <{\\rm log}[n_H(\\rm cm^{-3})]< 8$). The calculations show the presence of dust can enhance the Fe K$\\alpha$ equivalent width (EW) in the reflected spectrum by factor...
X-Ray Reflection Nebulae with Large Equivalent Widths of Neutral Iron Ka Line in the Sgr C Region
Hiroshi Nakajima; Takeshi Go Tsuru; Masayoshi Nobukawa; Hironori Matsumoto; Katsuji Koyama; Hiroshi Murakami; Atsushi Senda; Shigeo Yamauchi
2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on the first results of the Suzaku observation in the Sgr C region. We detected four diffuse clumps with strong line emission at 6.4keV, Ka from neutral or low-ionized Fe. One of them, M359.38-0.00, is newly discovered with Suzaku. The X-ray spectra of the two bright clumps, M359.43-0.07 and M359.47-0.15, after subtracting the Galactic center diffuse X-ray emission (GCDX), exhibit strong Ka line from FeI with large equivalent widths (EWs) of 2.0-2.2keV and clear Kb of FeI. The GCDX in the Sgr C region is composed of the 6.4keV- and 6.7keV-associated components. These are phenomenologically decomposed by taking relations between EWs of the 6.4keV and 6.7keV lines. Then the former EWs against the associated continuum in the bright clump regions are estimated to be 2.4(+2.3_-0.7)keV. Since the two different approaches give similar large EWs of 2keV, we strongly suggest that the 6.4keV clumps in the Sgr C region are due to X-ray reflection/fluorescence (the X-ray reflection nebulae).
Chaotic Dynamics in Optimal Monetary Policy
Orlando Gomes; Vivaldo M. Mendes; Diana A. Mendes; J. Sousa Ramos
2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
There is by now a large consensus in modern monetary policy. This consensus has been built upon a dynamic general equilibrium model of optimal monetary policy as developed by, e.g., Goodfriend and King (1997), Clarida et al. (1999), Svensson (1999) and Woodford (2003). In this paper we extend the standard optimal monetary policy model by introducing nonlinearity into the Phillips curve. Under the specific form of nonlinearity proposed in our paper (which allows for convexity and concavity and secures closed form solutions), we show that the introduction of a nonlinear Phillips curve into the structure of the standard model in a discrete time and deterministic framework produces radical changes to the major conclusions regarding stability and the efficiency of monetary policy. We emphasize the following main results: (i) instead of a unique fixed point we end up with multiple equilibria; (ii) instead of saddle--path stability, for different sets of parameter values we may have saddle stability, totally unstable equilibria and chaotic attractors; (iii) for certain degrees of convexity and/or concavity of the Phillips curve, where endogenous fluctuations arise, one is able to encounter various results that seem intuitively correct. Firstly, when the Central Bank pays attention essentially to inflation targeting, the inflation rate has a lower mean and is less volatile; secondly, when the degree of price stickiness is high, the inflation rate displays a larger mean and higher volatility (but this is sensitive to the values given to the parameters of the model); and thirdly, the higher the target value of the output gap chosen by the Central Bank, the higher is the inflation rate and its volatility.
Correlation Energy and Entanglement Gap in Continuous Models
L. Martina; G. Ruggeri; G. Soliani
2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
Our goal is to clarify the relation between entanglement and correlation energy in a bipartite system with infinite dimensional Hilbert space. To this aim we consider the completely solvable Moshinsky's model of two linearly coupled harmonic oscillators. Also for small values of the couplings the entanglement of the ground state is nonlinearly related to the correlation energy, involving logarithmic or algebraic corrections. Then, looking for witness observables of the entanglement, we show how to give a physical interpretation of the correlation energy. In particular, we have proven that there exists a set of separable states, continuously connected with the Hartree-Fock state, which may have a larger overlap with the exact ground state, but also a larger energy expectation value. In this sense, the correlation energy provides an entanglement gap, i.e. an energy scale, under which measurements performed on the 1-particle harmonic sub-system can discriminate the ground state from any other separated state of the system. However, in order to verify the generality of the procedure, we have compared the energy distribution cumulants for the 1-particle harmonic sub-system of the Moshinsky's model with the case of a coupling with a damping Ohmic bath at 0 temperature.
Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins
Neumaier, Arnold
1 Global-local Structural Optimization Using Response Surfaces of Local Optimization Margins Boyang optimization problems. First, a large number of component optimizations for maximization of margins are performed. Response surface approximations (RSA) for maximum margins of component optimization
Ulm, UniversitĂ¤t
Bridging the Gap Between Business Process Models and ServiceProcess Models and ServiceProcess Models and Service of the major reasons for this deficiency is the gap that exists between business process models on the one hand a flexible approach for aligning business process models with workflow specifications. In order to maintain
Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1
Kim, Philip
, New York, New York 10027, USA 2 Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons Melinda Y. Han,1 Barbaros OÂ¨ zyilmaz,2 Yuanbo an energy gap near the charge neutrality point. Individual graphene layers are contacted with metal
Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells
John, Sajeev
Light trapping design for low band-gap polymer solar cells Stephen Foster1,* and Sajeev John1,2 1 demonstrate numerically a 2-D nanostructured design for light trapping in a low band-gap polymer solar cell, "Light harvesting improvement of organic solar cells with self- enhanced active layer designs," Opt
Analyzing the Performance of a Multiobjective GA-P Algorithm for Learning Fuzzy Queries in
Fernandez, Thomas
Analyzing the Performance of a Multiobjective GA-P Algorithm for Learning Fuzzy Queries in a Machine Learning Environment Oscar CordÂ´on1 , Enrique Herrera-Viedma1 , MarÂ´ia Luque1 , FÂ´elix de Moya2- tionary algorithms (EAs) [1], such as genetic algorithm-programming (GA-P) [11] or simulated annealing
MODELING PLANT COMPETITION WITH THE GAPS OBJECT-ORIENTED DYNAMIC SIMULATION MODEL
Rossiter, D G "David"
MODELING PLANT COMPETITION WITH THE GAPS OBJECT-ORIENTED DYNAMIC SIMULATION MODEL David G. Rossiter of Agronomy, Inc. #12;MODELING PLANT COMPETITION WITH THE GAPS OBJECT-ORIENTED DYNAMIC SIMULATION MODEL Abstract Modeling inter-species competition is a natural application for dynamic simulation models
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2008
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2009
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2006
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2001
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2007
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2003
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2002
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2004
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
Optimization Online - Stochastic Programming Submissions - 2005
Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by the Optimization Technology Center. Mathematical Programming Society.
SCR Performance Optimization Through Advancements in Aftertreatment...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Performance Optimization Through Advancements in Aftertreatment Packaging SCR Performance Optimization Through Advancements in Aftertreatment Packaging The impact of improved urea...
Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded
Hall, Julian
Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded to Large-Scale Distributed Stephen Boyd Neal Parikh of Edinburgh, June 25 2014 1 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large-Scale Distributed Optimization Summary 2 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large
Blake, Sarah Anne
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
. The coolant was injected through an advanced labyrinth seal to simulate purge flow through a stator-rotor seal. The width of the opening of this seal was varied to simulate the effect of misalignment. Stationary rods were placed upstream of the cascade in four...
Y. -P. Qin; Y. -M. Dong; R. -J. Lu; B. -B. Zhang; L. -W. Jia
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study in details how the pulse width of gamma-ray bursts is related with energy under the assumption that the sources concerned are in the stage of fireballs. Due to the Doppler effect of fireballs, there exists a power law relationship between the two quantities within a limited range of frequency. The power law range and the power law index depend strongly on the observed peak energy $E_p$ as well as the rest frame radiation form, and the upper and lower limits of the power law range can be determined by $E_p$. It is found that, within the same power law range, the ratio of the $FWHM$ of the rising portion to that of the decaying phase of the pulses is also related with energy in the form of power laws. A platform-power-law-platform feature could be observed in the two relationships. In the case of an obvious softening of the rest frame spectrum, the two power law relationships also exist, but the feature would evolve to a peaked one. Predictions on the relationships in the energy range covering both the BATSE and Swift bands for a typical hard burst and a typical soft one are made. A sample of FRED (fast rise and exponential decay) pulse bursts shows that 27 out of the 28 sources belong to either the platform-power-law-platform feature class or the peaked feature group, suggesting that the effect concerned is indeed important for most of the sources of the sample. Among these bursts, many might undergo an obvious softening evolution of the rest frame spectrum.
Optimal irreversible stimulated emission
D Valente; Y Li; J P Poizat; J M Gerard; L C Kwek; M F Santos; A Auffeves
2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
We studied the dynamics of an initially inverted atom in a semi-infinite waveguide, in the presence of a single propagating photon. We show that atomic relaxation is enhanced by a factor of 2, leading to maximal bunching in the output field. This optimal irreversible stimulated emission is a novel phenomenon that can be observed with state-of-the-art solid-state atoms and waveguides. When the atom interacts with two one-dimensional electromagnetic environments, the preferential emission in the stimulated field can be exploited to efficiently amplify a classical or a quantum state.
Giuliano G. La Guardia
2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the class of constacyclic codes, which is a natural generalization of the class of cyclic and negacyclic codes. This class of codes is interesting in the sense that it contains codes with good or even optimal parameters. In this light, we propose constructions of families of classical block and convolutional maximum-distance-separable (MDS) constacyclic codes, as well as families of asymmetric quantum MDS codes derived from (classical-block) constacyclic codes. These results are mainly derived from the investigation of suitable properties on cyclotomic cosets of these corresponding codes.
Hopper Performance and Optimization
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
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Optimization Online - On reducing a quantile optimization problem ...
Andrey Kibzun
2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 9, 2013 ... ... V.I.On reducing a quantile optimization problem with discrete distribution to a mixed integer programming problem // Automation and Remote ...
Optimization Online - Optimal management and sizing of energy ...
Pavithra Harsha
2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 30, 2012 ... Optimal management and sizing of energy storage under dynamic pricing for the efficient integration of renewable energy. Pavithra Harsha ...
Optimization Online - How Difficult is Nonlinear Optimization? A ...
Janos D. Pinter
2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 26, 2014 ... The LGO option settings proposed here are directly related to the "expectably ... real-world optimization applications and academic challenges.
Optimization Online - Optimal Job Scheduling with Day-ahead Price ...
Anna Danandeh
2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 17, 2011 ... Optimal Job Scheduling with Day-ahead Price and Random Local Distributed Generation: A Two-stage Robust Approach.
Optimization Online - Note: Optimal non-homogeneous composites ...
Tavakoli Rouhollah
2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 29, 2012 ... Note: Optimal non-homogeneous composites for dynamic loading revisited. Tavakoli Rouhollah (rtavakoli ***at*** sharif.ir). Abstract: The ...
On Second Order Optimality Conditions in Nonlinear Optimization
Roberto Andreani
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 15, 2014 ... Abstract: In this work we present new weak conditions that ensure the validity of necessary second order optimality conditions (SOC) for ...
On Second Order Optimality Conditions in Nonlinear Optimization
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 15, 2014 ... [20] Jorge Nocedal and Stephen J. Wright. Numerical optimization. Springer,. New York, 2nd ed. edition, 2006. [21] R. Tyrrell Rockafellar.
Optimization Online - Ship Traffic Optimization for the Kiel Canal
Elisabeth Lübbecke
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 1, 2014 ... ... optimization problem which we call the ship traffic control problem (STCP). ... We offer a unified view of routing and scheduling which blends ...
Optimization Online - Cut Generation for Optimization Problems with ...
Simge Küçükyavuz
2014-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 26, 2014 ... Cut Generation for Optimization Problems with Multivariate Risk Constraints. Simge Küçükyavuz (kucukyavuz.2 ***at*** osu.edu) Nilay Noyan ...
Stanley Bower
2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
A 5.0L V8 twin-turbocharged direct injection engine was designed, built, and tested for the purpose of assessing the fuel economy and performance in the F-Series pickup of the Dual Fuel engine concept and of an E85 optimized FFV engine. Additionally, production 3.5L gasoline turbocharged direct injection (GTDI) â??EcoBoostâ?ť engines were converted to Dual Fuel capability and used to evaluate the cold start emissions and fuel system robustness of the Dual Fuel engine concept. Project objectives were: to develop a roadmap to demonstrate a minimized fuel economy penalty for an F-Series FFV truck with a highly boosted, high compression ratio spark ignition engine optimized to run with ethanol fuel blends up to E85; to reduce FTP 75 energy consumption by 15% - 20% compared to an equally powered vehicle with a current production gasoline engine; and to meet ULEV emissions, with a stretch target of ULEV II / Tier II Bin 4. All project objectives were met or exceeded.
Optimal anisotropic three-phase conducting composites: Plane problem
Andrej Cherkaev; and Yuan Zhang
2011-05-22T23:59:59.000Z
The paper establishes tight lower bound for effective conductivity tensor $K_*$ of two-dimensional three-phase conducting anisotropic composites and defines optimal microstructures. It is assumed that three materials are mixed with fixed volume fractions and that the conductivity of one of the materials is infinite. The bound expands the Hashin-Shtrikman and Translation bounds to multiphase structures, it is derived using the technique of {\\em localized polyconvexity} that is a combination of Translation method and additional inequalities on the fields in the materials; similar technique was used by Nesi (1995) and Cherkaev (2009) for isotropic multiphase composites. This paper expands the bounds to the anisotropic composites. The lower bound of conductivity (G-closure) is a piece-wise analytic function of eigenvalues of $K_*$, that depends only on conductivities of components and their volume fractions. Also, we find optimal microstructures that realize the bounds, developing the technique suggested earlier by Albin Cherkaev and Nesi (2007) and Cherkaev (2009). The optimal microstructures are laminates of some rank for all regions. The found structures match the bounds in all but one region of parameters; we discuss the reason for the gap and numerically estimate it.
Thermal-hydraulic and structural considerations on the gap variation between fuel bundle and hexcan
Chang, L.K.; Lee, M.J.; Ku, J.Y.
1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the safety concerns in reactor operation is the temperature of the fuel elements, which are contained in a hexagonal duct, referred to as the hexcan. There are gaps between the fuel bundle and the hexcan, and the gaps somewhat affect thermal-hydraulic behavior of the fuel element. This paper investigates the impact of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of the fuel element as well as the possibility of fuel bundle and hexcan interaction. The gap variation between hex duct and fuel bundle is caused by differential thermal expansion, creep strain, and irradiation-induced swelling of fuel-cladding and hex duct, and it is a function of fuel burnup. The effects of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of typical driver subassemblies in the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) are investigated. A structural analysis was performed to predict the in-reactor deformation behavior of fuel bundle and hex duct, and followed by a thermal-hydraulic analysis to determine the flow and temperature response due to gap changes. The effects of geometry variation on the thermal-hydraulic response are discussed. The study indicates that the effect of gap variation should not be ignored for subassembly designs.
Thermal-hydraulic and structural considerations on the gap variation between fuel bundle and hexcan
Chang, L.K.; Lee, M.J.; Ku, J.Y.
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the safety concerns in reactor operation is the temperature of the fuel elements, which are contained in a hexagonal duct, referred to as the hexcan. There are gaps between the fuel bundle and the hexcan, and the gaps somewhat affect thermal-hydraulic behavior of the fuel element. This paper investigates the impact of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of the fuel element as well as the possibility of fuel bundle and hexcan interaction. The gap variation between hex duct and fuel bundle is caused by differential thermal expansion, creep strain, and irradiation-induced swelling of fuel-cladding and hex duct, and it is a function of fuel burnup. The effects of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of typical driver subassemblies in the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) are investigated. A structural analysis was performed to predict the in-reactor deformation behavior of fuel bundle and hex duct, and followed by a thermal-hydraulic analysis to determine the flow and temperature response due to gap changes. The effects of geometry variation on the thermal-hydraulic response are discussed. The study indicates that the effect of gap variation should not be ignored for subassembly designs.
Optimization Approaches to Protein Folding.
Yoon, Hyun-suk
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
??This research shows optimization approaches to protein folding. The protein folding problem is to predict the compact three dimensional structure of a protein based on… (more)
Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios
2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
May 24, 2014 ... Adopting standard terminology, we refer to the portfolio managed under the Kelly strategy as the growth-optimal portfolio. This portfolio displays ...
Forecourt and Gas Infrastructure Optimization
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Forecourt and Gas Infrastructure Optimization Bruce Kelly Nexant, Inc. Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8-9, 2007 Columbia, Maryland 2 Analysis of Market Demand and Supply...
Optimization Online Digest -- July 2012
Optimal management and sizing of energy storage under dynamic pricing for the efficient integration of renewable energy. Pavithra Harsha, Munther Dahleh.
Linear equalities in blackbox optimization ?
Mathilde Peyrega
2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
May 28, 2014 ... extensions to treat problems with linear equalities whose expression is known. The main idea consists in reformulating the optimization ...
HCCI engine control and optimization
Killingsworth, Nicholas J.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3.2 HCCI Cycle Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1v Chapter 7 Optimizing HCCI Engine Combustion TimingWork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 HCCI Models for
Optimization Online Digest -- November 2000
iNEOS : An Interactive Environment for Nonlinear Optimization Marcel Good, Jean-Pierre Goux, Jorge Nocedal, Victor Pereyra. Other Topics Cooperative games ...
MULTIDISCIPLINARY FREE MATERIAL OPTIMIZATION 1 ...
2009-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nonlinear Anal. and Mech., Pitman, London, pages 136–212, 1979. [22] R. Werner. Free Material Optimization. PhD thesis, Institute of Applied Mathematics II, ...
Gradient Sliding for Composite Optimization
2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
Noname manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor). Gradient Sliding for Composite Optimization. Guanghui Lan the date of receipt and acceptance should ...