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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Microsoft Word - CX-Fairview-Rogue_GroundWire_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2010 , 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Harold Grappe Project Manager - TELP-TTP-3 Proposed Action: Replacement of overhead ground wire in the last and most southerly mile of the Fairview-Rogue #1 230-kV transmission line leading into the Rogue Substation PP&A Project No.: 1736 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment...routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain... infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: The project is located in Curry County, Oregon, in the Alvey District. The project

2

Asteroseismology with the WIRE satellite. I. Combining Ground- and Space-based Photometry of the Delta Scuti Star Epsilon Cephei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have analysed ground-based multi-colour Stromgren photometry and single-filter photometry from the star tracker on the WIRE satellite of the delta scuti star Epsilon Cephei. The ground-based data set consists of 16 nights of data collected over 164 days, while the satellite data are nearly continuous coverage of the star during 14 days. The spectral window and noise level of the satellite data are superior to the ground-based data and this data set is used to locate the frequencies. However, we can use the ground-based data to improve the accuracy of the frequencies due to the much longer time baseline. We detect 26 oscillation frequencies in the WIRE data set, but only some of these can be seen clearly in the ground-based data. We have used the multi-colour ground-based photometry to determine amplitude and phase differences in the Stromgren b-y colour and the y filter in an attempt to identify the radial degree of the oscillation frequencies. We conclude that the accuracies of the amplitudes and phases a...

Bruntt, H; Bedding, T R; Buzasi, D L; Moya, A; Amado, P J; Martin-Ruiz, S; Garrido, R; De Coca, P L; Rolland, A; Costa, V; Olivares, I; Garcia-Pelayo, J M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Focusing ground-state xenon in a pulsed optical field  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a general scheme for manipulating atomic species by focusing ground state xenon atoms using large quasielectrostatic potentials created by high intensity (10{sup 12} W/cm{sup 2}), nanosecond, pulsed optical fields. The atomic density in the focal region was mapped out with a resolution of 2 {mu}m using resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization of neutral atoms in the vicinity of the focus. Measurements of the transverse xenon velocity induced by the optical field, and the focal length of the atom-optical lens, are in good agreement with a quasielectrostatic model based on the static polarizablity of xenon.

Fulton, R.; Bishop, A.I.; Barker, P.F. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Optical properties of quantum wires: Fermi-edge singularity exponents and the low-density limit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple many-body treatment of the Fermi-edge singularities in absorption and photoemission in quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires is presented. The problem of calculating the transition probabilities is reduced to numerically evaluating a sufficient number of determinants describing the overlap of the appropriate many-body wave functions. It is found that the edge singularity exponents can be determined from the size dependence of these determinants. The well-known connection between these exponents and the phase shifts at the Fermi surface are explicitly checked for one-dimensional quantum wires. The singular edge behavior is interpreted in terms of Friedel’s replacement transitions and is found to be due to a replacement transition to the bound state, a result confirmed by considering the evolution of the spectra in the low-density limit. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

H. H. von Grünberg; K. P. Jain; R. J. Elliott

1996-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES George G. Karady Fiber Optic 2 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES Utilities are installing fiber optic cables on high voltage transmission lines. Three basic designs employed are: · 1) OPGW (optical ground wire) · 2

6

Fast ground-state cooling of mechanical resonators with time-dependent optical cavities  

SciTech Connect

We propose a feasible scheme to cool down a mechanical resonator (MR) in a three-mirror cavity optomechanical system with controllable external optical driving fields. Under the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, the whole dynamics of the mechanical resonator and cavities is reduced to that of a time-dependent harmonic oscillator, whose effective frequency can be controlled through the optical driving fields. The fast cooling of the MR can be realized by controlling the amplitude of the optical driving fields. Significantly, we further show that the ground-state cooling may be achieved via the three-mirror cavity optomechanical system without the resolved sideband condition.

Li Yong [Department of Physics and Center of Theoretical and Computational Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Wu Lianao [Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, The Basque Country University (EHU/UPV), P.O. Box 644, ES-48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, ES-48011 Bilbao (Spain); Wang, Z. D. [Department of Physics and Center of Theoretical and Computational Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Creating Ground State Molecules with Optical Feshbach Resonances in Tight Traps  

SciTech Connect

We propose to create ultracold ground state molecules in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate by adiabatic crossing of an optical Feshbach resonance. We envision a scheme where the laser intensity and possibly also frequency are linearly ramped over the resonance. Our calculations for {sup 87}Rb show that for sufficiently tight traps it is possible to avoid spontaneous emission while retaining adiabaticity, and conversion efficiencies of up to 50% can be expected.

Koch, Christiane P. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Ba circumflex t. 505, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physical Chemistry and Fritz Haber Research Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Masnou-Seeuws, Francoise [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Bat. 505, Campus d'Orsay, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Kosloff, Ronnie [Department of Physical Chemistry and Fritz Haber Research Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

8

Optical control of ground-state atomic orbital alignment: Cl,,2 P3/2... atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical control of ground-state atomic orbital alignment: Cl,,2 P3/2... atoms from HCl,,v=2,J=1-of-flight mass spectrometry. The 35 Cl 2 P3/2 atoms are aligned by two mechanisms: 1 the time-dependent transfer is conserved during the photodissociation and thus contributes to the total 35 Cl 2 P3/2 photofragment atomic

Zare, Richard N.

9

Prospects for the formation of ultracold polar ground state KCs molecules via an optical process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heteronuclear alkali-metal dimers represent the class of molecules of choice for creating samples of ultracold molecules exhibiting an intrinsic large permanent electric dipole moment. Among them, the KCs molecule, with a permanent dipole moment of 1.92 Debye still remains to be observed in ultracold conditions. Based on spectroscopic studies available in the literature completed by accurate ab initio calculations, we propose several optical coherent schemes to create ultracold bosonic and fermionic KCs molecules in their absolute rovibrational ground level, starting from a weakly bound level of their electronic ground state manifold. The processes rely on the existence of convenient electronically excited states allowing an efficient stimulated Raman adiabatic transfer of the level population.

Borsalino, D; Aymar, M; Luc-Koenig, E; Dulieu, O; Bouloufa-Maafa, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Optical Communication System for Remote Monitoring and Adaptive Control of Distributed Ground Sensors Exhibiting Collective Intelligence  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive management of the battle-space has created new requirements in information management, communication, and interoperability as they effect surveillance and situational awareness. The objective of this proposal is to expand intelligent controls theory to produce a uniquely powerful implementation of distributed ground-based measurement incorporating both local collective behavior, and interoperative global optimization for sensor fusion and mission oversight. By using a layered hierarchal control architecture to orchestrate adaptive reconfiguration of autonomous robotic agents, we can improve overall robustness and functionality in dynamic tactical environments without information bottlenecks. In this concept, each sensor is equipped with a miniaturized optical reflectance modulator which is interactively monitored as a remote transponder using a covert laser communication protocol from a remote mothership or operative. Robot data-sharing at the ground level can be leveraged with global evaluation criteria, including terrain overlays and remote imaging data. Information sharing and distributed intelli- gence opens up a new class of remote-sensing applications in which small single-function autono- mous observers at the local level can collectively optimize and measure large scale ground-level signals. AS the need for coverage and the number of agents grows to improve spatial resolution, cooperative behavior orchestrated by a global situational awareness umbrella will be an essential ingredient to offset increasing bandwidth requirements within the net. A system of the type described in this proposal will be capable of sensitively detecting, tracking, and mapping spatial distributions of measurement signatures which are non-stationary or obscured by clutter and inter- fering obstacles by virtue of adaptive reconfiguration. This methodology could be used, for example, to field an adaptive ground-penetrating radar for detection of underground structures in urban environments and to detect chemical species concentrations in migrating plumes. Given is our research in these areas and a status report of our progress.

Cameron, S.M.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fusing ground measurements and satellite-derived products for the construction of climatological maps in atmosphere optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusing ground measurements and satellite-derived products for the construction of climatological turbidity factor, remote sensing, resampling ABSTRACT: Climatological maps (gridded data) of optical). The problem is that such climatological maps only exist at low spatial resolution. A resampling of the maps

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Investigations of the Absorption Properties of Near-Ground Aerosol by the Methods of Optical-Acoustic Spectrometry and Diff...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations of the Absorption Properties of Investigations of the Absorption Properties of Near-Ground Aerosol by the Methods of Optical-Acoustic Spectrometry and Diffuse Extinction V. S. Kozlov, M. V. Panchenko, A. B. Tikhomirov, and B. A. Tikhomirov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Aerosol absorption is an important factor in the formation of non-selective radiation extinction in the visible wavelength range, and plays a great role in solving many radiative and climatic problems. The principal absorbing substance in atmospheric aerosol is soot (crystal carbon), which strongly affects the atmospheric transparency, albedo of clouds, and snow cover. The non-selective absorption by finely dispersed soot aerosol is considered to be one of the most plausible reasons for the appearance of

13

Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire  

SciTech Connect

This invention is comprised of a device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than .04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station which includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut. 1 fig.

Brandon, E.D.; Hooper, F.M.; Reichenbach, M.L.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

Wire mesh design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a computational approach for designing wire meshes, i.e., freeform surfaces composed of woven wires arranged in a regular grid. To facilitate shape exploration, we map material properties of wire meshes to the geometric model of Chebyshev ... Keywords: Chebyshev nets, design, discrete differential geometry, global optimization, interactive shape modeling, wire mesh

Akash Garg; Andrew O. Sageman-Furnas; Bailin Deng; Yonghao Yue; Eitan Grinspun; Mark Pauly; Max Wardetzky

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Ground-state properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate tuned by a far-off-resonant optical field  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we explore a scheme to tackle a challenging problem of stable Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) with attractive atom interactions. In this scheme, the s-wave scattering length is tuned in space, rather than in time as previously studied, by a far-off-resonant Gaussian optical field, from negative to positive in the center region of the potential well. We find that this tuning leads to coexisting repulsive and attractive interactions within a single atomic gas and consequently a stable BEC in the repulsive region. We investigate the ground-state properties of the tuned BECs and show them to exhibit a strikingly different spatial density distribution from a conventional one with a positive s-wave scattering length. The tuned BEC is formed only when the condensed number is less than a critical number. We derive a formula for the critical number.

Dong Guangjiong [Physics Department, Center for Nonlinear Studies and the Beijing-Hong Kong-Singapore Joint Center for Nonlinear and Complex Systems, Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China); Hu Bambi [Physics Department, Center for Nonlinear Studies and the Beijing-Hong Kong-Singapore Joint Center for Nonlinear and Complex Systems, Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China); Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5005 (United States); Lu Weiping [Department of Physics, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

Sintered wire annode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plurality of high atomic number wires are sintered together to form a porous rod that is parted into porous disks which will be used as x-ray targets. A thermally conductive material is introduced into the pores of the rod, and when a stream of electrons impinges on the sintered wire target and generates x-rays, the heat generated by the impinging x-rays is removed by the thermally conductive material interspersed in the pores of the wires.

Falce, Louis R. (Surprise, AZ); Ives, R. Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

17

1998 wire development workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This report consists of vugraphs of the presentations at the conference. The conference was divided into the following sessions: (1) First Generation Wire Development: Status and Issues; (2) First Generation Wire in Pre-Commercial Prototypes; (3) Second Generation Wire Development: Private Sector Progress and Issues; (4) Second Generation Wire Development: Federal Laboratories; and (5) Fundamental Research Issues for HTS Wire Development.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Optical phonon modes in InGaN/GaN dot-in-a-wire heterostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

We report on the studies of optical phonon modes in nearly defect-free GaN nanowires embedded with intrinsic InGaN quantum dots by using oblique angle transmission infrared spectroscopy. These phonon modes are dependent on the nanowire fill-factor, doping densities of the nanowires, and the presence of InGaN dots. These factors can be applied for potential phonon based photodetectors whose spectral responses can be tailored by varying a combination of these three parameters. The optical anisotropy along the growth (c-) axis of the GaN nanowire contributes to the polarization agility of such potential photodetectors.

Titus, J.; Perera, A. G. U. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 (United States); Nguyen, H. P. T.; Mi, Z. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2A7 (Canada)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2A7 (Canada)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

19

Optical memory  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical memory comprising: a semiconductor wire, a first electrode, a second electrode, a light source, a means for producing a first voltage at the first electrode, a means for producing a second voltage at the second electrode, and a means for determining the presence of an electrical voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode exceeding a predefined voltage. The first voltage, preferably less than 0 volts, different from said second voltage. The semiconductor wire is optically transparent and has a bandgap less than the energy produced by the light source. The light source is optically connected to the semiconductor wire. The first electrode and the second electrode are electrically insulated from each other and said semiconductor wire.

Mao, Samuel S; Zhang, Yanfeng

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

20

Wire brush fastening device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fastening device is provided which is a variation on the conventional nut and bolt. The bolt has a longitudinal axis and threading helically affixed thereon along the longitudinal axis. A nut having a bore extending therethrough is provided. The bore of the nut has a greater diameter than the diameter of the bolt so the bolt can extend through the bore. An array of wire bristles are affixed within the bore so as to form a brush. The wire bristles extend inwardly from the bore and are constructed and arranged of the correct size, length and stiffness to guide the bolt within the bore and to restrain the bolt within the bore as required. A variety of applications of the wire brush nut are disclosed, including a bolt capture device and a test rig apparatus. 13 figs.

Meigs, R.A.

1995-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improved wire chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved gas mixture for use with proportional counter devices, such as Geiger-Mueller tubes and drift chambers. The improved gas mixture provides a stable drift velocity while eliminating wire aging caused by prior art gas mixtures. The new gas mixture is comprised of equal parts argon and ethane gas and having approximately 0.25% isopropyl alcohol vapor. 2 figs.

Atac, M.

1987-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

Broadcasting over Wires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the Institution of Electrical Engineers on April 11, a paper entitled “Principles of Audio-Frequency Wire Broadcasting” was read by Mr. P. P. Eckersley. It is ... of the ordinary wireless programmes. THE commonest form of such re-diffusion takes place at audio-frequencies; the ordinary wireless broadcasting programmes are picked up by a receiver located where ...

1934-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

23

Beam Wire Chambers P. Kitching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, in front of the inactive degrader Table 1: Properties of BWC1 Anode Wire 12 micron diameter Au­plated tungsten Cathode Foils 25 micron Aluminized mylar Anode­Cathode distance 3.18 mm Anode­Anode distance 1.27 mm Guard wire 8 at each end,Au­plated Be­Cu X­plane 144 active anode wires all wires read out (no

24

1997 wire development workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This conference is divided into the following sections: (1) First Generation Wires I; (2) First Generation Wires II; (3) Coated conductors I; and (4) Coated conductors II. Applications of the superconducting wires include fault current limiters, superconducting motors, transformers, and power transmission lines.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Superconducting magnet wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting tape or wire with an improved critical field is formed of alternating layers of a niobium-containing superconductor such as Nb, NbTi, Nb.sub.3 Sn or Nb.sub.3 Ge with a thickness in the range of about 0.5-1.5 times its coherence length, supported and separated by layers of copper with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170-600 .ANG..

Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL); Banerjee, Indrajit (San Jose, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Substation grounding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Designing a proper substation grounding system is quite complicating. Many parameters affect its design. In order for a grounding design to be safe, it needs… (more)

Baleva, Inna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Improved superconducting magnet wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is directed to a superconducting tape or wire composed of alternating layers of copper and a niobium-containing superconductor such as niobium of NbTi, Nb/sub 3/Sn or Nb/sub 3/Ge. In general, each layer of the niobium-containing superconductor has a thickness in the range of about 0.05 to 1.5 times its coherence length (which for Nb/sub 3/Si is 41 A) with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170 to 600 A. With the use of very thin layers of the niobium composition having a thickness within the desired range, the critical field (H/sub c/) may be increased by factors of 2 to 4. Also, the thin layers of the superconductor permit the resulting tape or wire to exhibit suitable ductility for winding on a magnet core. These compositions are also characterized by relatively high values of critical temperature and therefore will exhibit a combination of useful properties as superconductors.

Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

LWDA Ground Screen Performance Report July 23, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is in the notching and maneuvering of the wire underneath the antenna. The weather on the day of installation ranged the antenna. The metrics of interest are total antenna loss (due mismatch and ground losses) for a given

Ellingson, Steven W.

29

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

Tungsten wire for incandescent lamp filaments must operate at high temperatures and for long times. To meet these requirements, the grain morphology of the wire must be controlled to reduce the propensity for grain boundary sliding. The morphology is a function of the distribution of very small pockets of potassium in the wire and the mechanical processing from ingot to wire. The behavior of the filament is directly related to the grain morphology. This paper describes the mechanism by which the potassium is incorporated into and distributed in the ingot. The elongation and spheroidization of the bubbles during hot rolling and swaging is also examined and related to the grain morphology of wire. Some indications of the relationship between grain morphology and filament behavior are also given.

Walter, J.L.; Briant, C.L. (General Electric Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Mother nature as a wire manufacturer | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mother nature as a wire manufacturer Mother nature as a wire manufacturer With computational models, scientists see how microbe directs electrons New research shows how electrons...

31

Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bear Snow Vegetation RhinoWater Vegetation Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Rhino Water Rhino Water Ground Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Vegetation Rhino Vegetation Ground Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky

Chen, Tsuhan

32

Optical  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Optical fiber-based single-shot picosecond transient absorption spectroscopy Andrew R. Cook a͒ and Yuzhen Shen Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA ͑Received 27 January 2009; accepted 29 May 2009; published online 17 July 2009͒ A new type of single-shot transient absorption apparatus is described based on a bundle of optical fibers. The bundle contains 100 fibers of different lengths, each successively giving Ïł15 ps longer optical delay. Data are collected by imaging light from the exit of the bundle into a sample where it is overlapped with an electron pulse or laser excitation pulse, followed by imaging onto a charge coupled device ͑CCD͒ detector where the intensity of light from each fiber is measured simultaneously. Application to both ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy and pulse radiolysis is demonstrated. For pulse

33

Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical components such as lenses, mirrors and diffraction gratings are widely used in many inspection systems. These include not only those for visual inspection with CCD cameras, but also in areas of distanc...

C. Loughlin

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Ground Water...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Impact Statement for Ground Water Volumes I & II (October 1996) Optical character recognition has been applied to these files, but full search capabilities...

35

Oceanography: All wired up  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... oceanic crust between the Washington– Oregon coast and the Juan de Fuca Ridge 500 km offshore— with a 3,000-km network of fibre-optic cable. Observatories plugged into ... world, the European Sea Floor Observatory Network (ESONET) consortium is exploring the possibility of rigging up the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. So far ESONET has received 800,000 (US ...

Jon Copley

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

LINKER-FREE MOLECULAR WIRES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

STRINGING CONJUGATED organic compounds between two electrodes via direct metal-carbon bonds rather than via linking groups will likely change the way molecular electronic circuits are “wired.” Although circuits made of molecular building blocks are not ...

LAUREN WOLF

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

37

Smart Wire Grid: Resisting Expectations  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Smart Wire Grid's DSR technology (Discrete Series Reactor) can be quickly deployed on electrical transmission lines to create intelligent mesh networks capable of quickly rerouting electricity to get power where and when it's needed the most. With their recent ARPA-E funding, Smart Wire Grid has been able to move from prototype and field testing to building out a US manufacturing operation in just under a year.

Ramsay, Stewart; Lowe, DeJim

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

Smart Wire Grid: Resisting Expectations  

SciTech Connect

Smart Wire Grid's DSR technology (Discrete Series Reactor) can be quickly deployed on electrical transmission lines to create intelligent mesh networks capable of quickly rerouting electricity to get power where and when it's needed the most. With their recent ARPA-E funding, Smart Wire Grid has been able to move from prototype and field testing to building out a US manufacturing operation in just under a year.

Ramsay, Stewart; Lowe, DeJim

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

39

Resistivity of inhomogeneous quantum wires.  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of electron-electron interactions on the transport in an inhomogeneous quantum wire. We show that contrary to the well-known Luttinger liquid result, nonuniform interactions contribute substantially to the resistance of the wire. In the regime of weakly interacting electrons and moderately low temperatures we find a linear in T resistivity induced by the interactions. We then use the bosonization technique to generalize this result to the case of arbitrarily strong interactions.

Rech, J.; Matveev, K. A.; Materials Science Division

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

HTS Wire Development Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on February 16--17 at the St. Petersburg Hilton and Towers in St. Petersburg, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Florida Power Corporation and sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Systems program. The meeting opened with a general discussion on the needs and benefits of superconductivity from a utility perspective, the US global competitiveness position, and an outlook on the overall prospects of wire development. The meeting then focused on four important technology areas: Wire characterization: issues and needs; technology for overcoming barriers: weak links and flux pinning; manufacturing issues for long wire lengths; and physical properties of HTS coils. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Snow accretion on overhead wires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the accreted snow and solar radiation, but these...Since the Japanese utilities experienced severe damage...positive air temperature, solar radiation or rain after...carried by the wire, solar radiation, temperature...France, CRIEPI and the utilities of Japan that have participated...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Snow accretion on overhead wires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Growing process of a snow sleeve for dry-type accretion. Because snow accretion...under sub-freezing temperatures (dry-type snow accretion) will be limited...Mizushima, K. & Kawanishi, S. 1990 Dry type snow accretion on overhead wire...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches is modeled using a two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamics code. Modified Thomas-Fermi equations of state and dense plasma transport coefficients allow the phase transitions from solid to plasma to be approximated. Results indicate the persistence of a two-component structure with a cold, dense core embedded within a much hotter, low density, m=0 unstable corona. Extensive benchmark testing against data from a number of single-wire experiments is presented. Artificial laser schlieren and x-ray back-lighting images generated from the code data are compared directly to experimental results. The results were found to be insensitive to inaccuracies in the equations of state and transport coefficients. Simulations of individual wires in a wire array show different behavior to that observed experimentally due to the absence of three-dimensional effects. Simulations with similar conditions to wires in an array show a general trend in the plasma structure at start of implosion from discrete wires with large m=0 perturbation amplitudes to partially merged wires with smaller perturbation amplitudes as the number of wires is increased. Results for a wire number scan with aluminum wire arrays on the SATURN generator suggest that the observed sharp transition to high x-ray power at around 40 wires corresponds to a sharp decrease in m=0 perturbation amplitude and hence a sharp decrease in the seed perturbation for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability.

J. P. Chittenden; S. V. Lebedev; J. Ruiz-Camacho; F. N. Beg; S. N. Bland; C. A. Jennings; A. R. Bell; M. G. Haines; S. A. Pikuz; T. A. Shelkovenko; D. A. Hammer

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Measurement of g-factors of ground and excited optical states of Er3+ in YLiF4 and LuLiF4 in zero dc magnetic field by photon echo method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New scheme of definition of g-factors as ground as excited optical states of a paramagnetic ion in zero external constant magnetic field has been proposed and experimentally realized in optical systems in which Zeeman Effect is manifested. A pulse of a weak magnetic field leads to occurrence of relative phase shifts of the excited dipoles and, as consequence, to modulation of a photon echo waveform if magnetic pulse (MP) overlaps in time with echo-pulse. The modulation periods of the waveform depend on polarization of the laser light, which excites the photon echo. The values of these periods for {\\sigma}- and {\\pi}- laser light polarization have been measured and then the g-factors of the ground 4I15/2 and excited 4F9/2 states of the Er3+ ion in the LuLiF4 and the YLiF4 matrices have been determined. Values of the g-factors have been compared with the known literary data.

Lisin, V N; Samartsev, V V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Sintered wire cesium dispenser photocathode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photoelectric cathode has a work function lowering material such as cesium placed into an enclosure which couples a thermal energy from a heater to the work function lowering material. The enclosure directs the work function lowering material in vapor form through a low diffusion layer, through a free space layer, and through a uniform porosity layer, one side of which also forms a photoelectric cathode surface. The low diffusion layer may be formed from sintered powdered metal, such as tungsten, and the uniform porosity layer may be formed from wires which are sintered together to form pores between the wires which are continuous from the a back surface to a front surface which is also the photoelectric surface.

Montgomery, Eric J; Ives, R. Lawrence; Falce, Louis R

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

46

Wiring Up the Island State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...operator's network infrastructure, which is based on Hybrid Fiber Coaxial...telecommunications infrastructure via an optical...Internet grid via the Internet...based on Hybrid Fiber Coaxial...telecommunications infrastructure via an optical...Internet grid via the Internet...

Leo Wee Hin Tan; R. Subramaniam

2000-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

Commissioning a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of the quadrupoles. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing such a system. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). A previous study investigated the error associated with each step by using a permanent quadrupole magnet on an optical mover system. The study reported an error of 11{micro}m for step 1 and a repeatability of 4{micro}m for step 2. However, the set up used a FARO arm to measure tooling balls and didn't allow to accurately check step 2 for errors; an uncertainty of 100{micro}m was reported. Therefore, even though the repeatability was good, there was no way to check that the error in step 2 was small. Following the recommendations of that study, we used a CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine) instead of the FARO arm for measuring the tooling balls. In addition, a roller cam positioner system replaced the optical movers for moving the quadrupole. With the exception of the quadrupole itself, the system was identical to what will be used in fiducializing the undulator quadrupoles. In this study, we investigate the new vibrating wire set up, including the error associated with each step of fiducialization. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note is a continuation of previous work to study the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Levashov, Michael Y

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

48

A Vibrating Wire System For Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

A vibrating wire system is being developed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note provides a detailed analysis of the system. The LCLS will have quadrupoles between the undulator segments to keep the electron beam focused. If the quadrupoles are not centered on the beam axis, the beam will receive transverse kicks, causing it to deviate from the undulator axis. Beam based alignment will be used to move the quadrupoles onto a straight line, but an initial, conventional alignment must place the quadrupole centers on a straight line to 100 {micro}m. In the fiducialization step of the initial alignment, the position of the center of the quadrupole is measured relative to tooling balls on the outside of the quadrupole. The alignment crews then use the tooling balls to place the magnet in the tunnel. The required error on the location of the quadrupole center relative to the tooling balls must be less than 25 {micro}m. In this note, we analyze a system under construction for the quadrupole fiducialization. The system uses the vibrating wire technique to position a wire onto the quadrupole magnetic axis. The wire position is then related to tooling balls using wire position detectors. The tooling balls on the wire position detectors are finally related to tooling balls on the quadrupole to perform the fiducialization. The total 25 {micro}m fiducialization error must be divided between these three steps. The wire must be positioned onto the quadrupole magnetic axis to within 10 {micro}m, the wire position must be measured relative to tooling balls on the wire position detectors to within 15 {micro}m, and tooling balls on the wire position detectors must be related to tooling balls on the quadrupole to within 10 {micro}m. The techniques used in these three steps will be discussed. The note begins by discussing various quadrupole fiducialization techniques used in the past and discusses why the vibrating wire technique is our method of choice. We then give an overview of the measurement system showing how the vibrating wire is positioned onto the quadrupole axis, how the wire position detectors locate the wire relative to tooling balls without touching the wire, and how the tooling ball positions are all measured. The novel feature of this system is the vibrating wire which we discuss in depth. We analyze the wire dynamics and calculate the expected sensitivity of the system. The note should be an aid in debugging the system by providing calculations to compare measurements to.

Wolf, Zachary

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

49

Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer  

SciTech Connect

Childhood cancer has been modestly associated with wire codes, an exposure surrogate for power frequency magnetic fields, but less consistently with measured fields. The authors analyzed data on the population distribution of wire codes and their relationship with several measured magnetic field metrics. In a given geographic area, there is a marked trend for decreased prevalence from low to high wire code categories, but there are differences between areas. For average measured fields, there is a positive relationship between the mean of the distributions and wire codes but a large overlap among the categories. Better discrimination is obtained for the extremes of the measurement values when comparing the highest and the lowest wire code categories. Instability of measurements, intermittent fields, or other exposure conditions do not appear to provide a viable explanation for the differences between wire codes and magnetic fields with respect to the strength and consistency of their respective association with childhood cancer.

Kheifets, L.I.; Kavet, R.; Sussman, S.S. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

MACHINING STABILITY OF WIRE EDM OF TITANIUM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents an experimental investigation of wire electro-discharge machining (WEDM) of titanium alloy. The outstanding characteristics of titanium alloys such as their compatibility and… (more)

Nourbakhsh, Farnaz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Processing A Printed Wiring Board By Single Bath Electrodeposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of processing a printed wiring board by single bath electrodeposition. Initial processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board. Copper is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper. Nickel is plated on the printed wiring board from the bath containing nickel and copper and final processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board.

Meltzer, Michael P. (Oakland, CA); Steffani, Christopher P. (Livermore, CA); Gonfiotti, Ray A. (Livermore, CA)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Processing a printed wiring board by single bath electrodeposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of processing a printed wiring board. Initial processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board. Copper is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper. Nickel is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper and final processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board.

Meltzer, Michael P. (Oakland, CA); Steffani, Christopher P. (Livermore, CA); Gonfiotti, Ray A. (Livermore, CA)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Wiring Up the Island State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...operator's network infrastructure, which is based on Hybrid Fiber Coaxial...telecommunications infrastructure via an optical...image, data, and video...Internet grid via the Internet...based on Hybrid Fiber Coaxial...telecommunications infrastructure via an optical...image, data, and video...Internet grid via the Internet...

Leo Wee Hin Tan; R. Subramaniam

2000-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

54

Magnetotransport properties of lithographically defined lateral CoNi80Fe20 wires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnetic tunneling junction. We observed four distinct peaks in the magnetoresis- tance MR curves) and an asymmetric shift in the MR peak positions of the Ni80Fe20 wires below a critical point of 20 K. This asymmet substrate using the optical lithography and a combination of soft and hard lift-off techniques. Arrays of Si

Adeyeye, Adekunle

55

Microfabricated wire arrays for Z-pinch.  

SciTech Connect

Microfabrication methods have been applied to the fabrication of wire arrays suitable for use in Z. Self-curling GaAs/AlGaAs supports were fabricated as an initial route to make small wire arrays (4mm diameter). A strain relief structure that could be integrated with the wire was designed to allow displacements of the anode/cathode connections in Z. Electroplated gold wire arrays with integrated anode/cathode bus connections were found to be sufficiently robust to allow direct handling. Platinum and copper plating processes were also investigated. A process to fabricate wire arrays on any substrate with wire thickness up to 35 microns was developed. Methods to handle and mount these arrays were developed. Fabrication of wire arrays of 20mm diameter was demonstrated, and the path to 40mm array fabrication is clear. With some final investment to show array mounting into Z hardware, the entire process to produce a microfabricated wire array will have been demonstrated.

Spahn, Olga Blum; Rowen, Adam M.; Cich, Michael Joseph; Peake, Gregory Merwin; Arrington, Christian L.; Nash, Thomas J.; Klem, John Frederick; Romero, Dustin Heinz

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Lansce Wire Scanning Diagnostics Device Mechanical Design  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Operations & Technology Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory operates a linear particle accelerator which utilizes 110 wire scanning diagnostics devices to gain position and intensity information of the proton beam. In the upcoming LANSCE improvements, 51 of these wire scanners are to be replaced with a new design, up-to-date technology and off-the-shelf components. This document outlines the requirements for the mechanical design of the LANSCE wire scanner and presents the recently developed linac wire scanner prototype. Additionally, this document presents the design modifications that have been implemented into the fabrication and assembly of this first linac wire scanner prototype. Also, this document will present the design for the second, third, and fourth wire scanner prototypes being developed. Prototypes 2 and 3 belong to a different section of the particle accelerator and therefore have slightly different design specifications. Prototype 4 is a modification of a previously used wire scanner in our facility. Lastly, the paper concludes with a plan for future work on the wire scanner development.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batygin, Yuri K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pillai, Chandra [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A wind-tunnel investigation of the wind speed and turbulence characteristics close to the ground over various escarpment shapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wind-tunnel investigation of the wind flow over two-dimensional forward-facing escarpments ... into the effects of local topography on the wind flow close to the ground. Four sharp ... -wire anemometer. The mod...

A. J. Bowen; D. Lindley

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities - October 2010 An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities - October 2010 The U.S....

59

Interaction between graphene and metamaterials: split rings vs. wire pairs  

SciTech Connect

We have recently shown that graphene is unsuitable to replace metals in the current-carrying elements of metamaterials. At the other hand, experiments have demonstrated that a layer of graphene can modify the optical response of a metal-based metamaterial. Here we study this electromagnetic interaction between metamaterials and graphene. We show that the weak optical response of graphene can be modified dramatically by coupling to the strong resonant fields in metallic structures. A crucial element determining the interaction strength is the orientation of the resonant fields. If the resonant electric field is predominantly parallel to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a complementary split-ring metamaterial), the metamaterial’s resonance can be strongly damped. If the resonant field is predominantly perpendicular to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a wire-pair metamaterial), no significant interaction exists.

Zou, Yanhong; Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

60

An alternative hypothesis for association between distribution wiring configurations and cancer: Planning phase  

SciTech Connect

Several epidemiologic studies have reported positive associations between electric distribution wiring configurations and cancer incidence, particularly among children. According to the investigators of these studies, the results suggest a possible link between exposure to 60-Hertz magnetic fields because residential magnetic fields are correlated with wiring configurations. This report analyzes the plausibility of an alternate hypothesis to explain the epidemiologic observations, and recommends research to explore its validity. According to the hypothesis, ground return currents in plumbing service lines are associated with electric wiring configuration, and cause the release of corrosion products in tap water, whose ingestion constitutes a risk factor for cancer. To corroborate this hypothesis three conditions must be satisfied: the magnitude of the ground return currents in water pipes is related to wiring configuration, with higher currents generally found associated with homes classified in the high exposure categories; corrosion on the internal surface of water pipe is related to ac currents flowing on the pipe, with higher currents associated with higher rates of corrosion, and ingestion of water from pipes undergoing AC-induced corrosive processes increases the probability of developing cancer. The study's analysis did not uncover any critical data that would undermine the plausibility of this confounder hypothesis. 102 refs., 11 figs., 22 tabs.

Kavet, R. (Environmental Research Information, Inc., Palo Alto, CA (USA)); Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Plastic Deformation of 2D Crumpled Wires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a single long piece of elastic wire is injected trough channels into a confining two-dimensional cavity, a complex structure of hierarchical loops is formed. In the limit of maximum packing density, these structures are described by several scaling laws. In this paper it is investigated this packing process but using plastic wires which give origin to completely irreversible structures of different morphology. In particular, it is studied experimentally the plastic deformation from circular to oblate configurations of crumpled wires, obtained by the application of an axial strain. Among other things, it is shown that in spite of plasticity, irreversibility, and very large deformations, scaling is still observed.

M A F Gomes; V P Brito; A S O Coelho; C C Donato

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

Chemically etched modulation in wire radius for wire array Z-pinch perturbation studies.  

SciTech Connect

A technique for manufacturing wires with imposed modulation in radius with axial wavelengths as short as 1 mm is presented. Extruded aluminum 5056 with 15 {micro}m diameter was masked and chemically etched to reduce the radius by {approx}20% in selected regions. Characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the modulation in radius is a step function with a {approx}10 {micro}m wide conical transition between thick and thin segments, with some pitting in etched regions. Techniques for mounting and aligning these wires in arrays for fast z-pinch experiments will be discussed. Axially mass-modulated wire arrays of this type will allow the study of seeded Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in z pinches, corona formation, wire initiation with varying current density in the wire core, and correlation of perturbations between adjacent wires. This tool will support magnetohydrodynamics code validation in complex three-dimensional geometries, and perhaps x-ray pulse shaping.

Bland, Simon Nicholas (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Lebedev, S. V. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Hall, G. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Ramacciotti, J. P. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Griego, A. E. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Lobley, Dennis Keith (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Martin, K. L. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Ampleford, David J. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); McKenney, John Lee; Bott, S. C. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Garrity, James Emmett (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Jones, B.; Rapley, J. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Deeney, Christopher; Palmer, J. B. A. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK)

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Study on reduction in electric field, charged voltage, ion current and ion density under HVDC transmission lines by parallel shield wires  

SciTech Connect

An important problem in the design and operation of HVDC transmission lines is to reduce electrical field effects such as ion flow electrification of objects, electric field, ion current and ion density at ground level in the vicinity of HVDC lines. Several models of shield wire were tested with the Shiobara HVDC test line. The models contain typical stranded wires that are generally used to reduce field effects at ground level, neutral conductors placed at lower parts of the DC line, and an ''earth corona model'' to cancel positive or negative ions intentionally by generating ions having opposite polarity to ions flowing into the wire. This report describes the experimental results of the effects of these shield wires and a method to predict shielding effects.

Amano, Y.; Sunaga, Y.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Plasma etchback of multilayer printed wiring boards  

SciTech Connect

Removal of epoxy smear and glass fiber protrusions in multilayer printed wiring board holes was investigated. Gas plasma techniques, using a mixture of carbon tetrafluoride and oxygen, removed the eposies; however, the glass fibers were not affected.

Gentry, F.L.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Superconducting Wire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the particles has an effect on the pinning along various directions of magnetic field lines. The conductive capacity of 2G HTS wire is similarly affected by the...

66

Exploiting level sensitive latches in wire pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present research presents procedures for exploitation of level sensitive latches in wire pipelining. The user gives a Steiner tree, having a signal source and set of destination or sinks, and the location in rectangular plane, capacitive load...

Seth, Vikram

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energetic additive manufacturing process with feed wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for additive manufacture by energetic wire deposition is described. A source wire is fed into a energy beam generated melt-pool on a growth surface as the melt-pool moves over the growth surface. This process enables the rapid prototyping and manufacture of fully dense, near-net shape components, as well as cladding and welding processes. Alloys, graded materials, and other inhomogeneous materials can be grown using this process.

Harwell, Lane D. (Albuquerque, NM); Griffith, Michelle L. (Albuquerque, NM); Greene, Donald L. (Corrales, NM); Pressly, Gary A. (Sandia Park, NM)

2000-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

68

Non-wires round table meeting materials, future of Non-wires...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wires solutions as the broad array of alternatives, including but not limited to demand response, distributed generation, conservation measures, generation siting and pricing...

69

Nanosecond electrical explosion of thin aluminum wire in vacuum : experimental and computational investigations.  

SciTech Connect

The experimental and computational investigations of nanosecond electrical explosion of thin Al wire in vacuum are presented. We have demonstrated that increasing the current rate leads to increased energy deposited before voltage collapse. Laser shadowgrams of the overheated Al core exhibit axial stratification with a {approx}100 {micro}m period. The experimental evidence for synchronization of the wire expansion and light emission with voltage collapse is presented. Two-wavelength interferometry shows an expanding Al core in a low-ionized gas condition with increasing ionization toward the periphery. Hydrocarbons are indicated in optical spectra and their influence on breakdown physics is discussed. The radial velocity of low-density plasma reaches a value of {approx}100 km/s. The possibility of an overcritical phase transition due to high pressure is discussed. 1D MHD simulation shows good agreement with experimental data. MHD simulation demonstrates separation of the exploding wire into a high-density cold core and a low-density hot corona as well as fast rejection of the current from the wire core to the corona during voltage collapse. Important features of the dynamics for wire core and corona follow from the MHD simulation and are discussed.

Cochrane, Kyle Robert (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Struve, Kenneth William; Rosenthal, Stephen Edgar; McDaniel, Dillon Heirman; Sarkisov, Gennady Sergeevich (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Deeney, Christopher

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Atmospheric Aerosol Optical Properties in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aerosol optical depth measurements over Bahrain acquired through the ground-based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) are analyzed. Optical depths obtained from ground-based sun/sky radiometers showed a pronounced temporal trend, with a maximum ...

Alexander Smirnov; Brent N. Holben; Oleg Dubovik; Norm T. O'Neill; Thomas F. Eck; Douglas L. Westphal; Andreas K. Goroch; Christophe Pietras; Ilya Slutsker

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Ground water and energy  

SciTech Connect

This national workshop on ground water and energy was conceived by the US Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Assessments. Generally, OEA needed to know what data are available on ground water, what information is still needed, and how DOE can best utilize what has already been learned. The workshop focussed on three areas: (1) ground water supply; (2) conflicts and barriers to ground water use; and (3) alternatives or solutions to the various issues relating to ground water. (ACR)

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

B2223 High Temperature Superconductor Wires in Silver Sheath, Filament Diameter Effect on Critical Temperature and Current Density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

B2223 High Temperature Superconductor (HTSC) has been prepared as a pellet by solid state reaction. Then, HTSC wires were fabricated from the prepared superconductor using powder in tube (PIT) method utilizing silver as the tube material. Superconductor powder was packed in the pure silver tube of about 4.5 mm diameter, and 50 mm long. The prepared wires are of three types; with monofilament MOF, 9 multifilament core (9MF) and 81 filaments core(81MF). Several cycles of mechanical are drawing and rolling process performed to the starting silver tube of 0.4 cm diameter and 5 cm length and 0.35 mm thickness to minimize the filament diameter. The average filament diameter of MoC with 0.7 mm SC core which was produce by the first step of drawing, the second 9 MF wire with nine multifilament wire of 0.175 mm diameter for each filament,while the 81MFC wire filament diameter was about 25 ?m for each filament measured with an optical microscope. All the three types of wires were with same outer diameter of 0.9 mm. Tc critical temperature for superconductivity is measured for the pellet and wires using four point probes techniques. The critical temperature for the pellet is 110 °K, for the monofilament MOF is 112.5 °K and for 9 filaments 9MF was found is 117°K; while the Tc the 81MF was 119.5°K. The critical current density for the 9MF and 81MF wires were found higher than that of the monofilament MOF in spite of the smaller filament diameters of the 9 MF and 81MF. X-ray diffraction pattern shows the high Tc phase of B2223 compounds in addition to low phase, of B2212 compounds. The I-V curves for the three different wires show higher current density for 81 MF wire, while the optical microscope picture shows more grains alignment . MOC and 9 MF wires show misalignment grains.

Akram R. Jabur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

LANSCE Wire Scanner System Prototype: Switchyard Test  

SciTech Connect

On November 19, 2011, the beam diagnostics team of Los Alamos National Laboratory's LANSCE accelerator facility conducted a test of a prototype wire scanner system for future deployment within the accelerator's switchyard area. The primary focus of this test was to demonstrate the wire scanner control system's ability to extend its functionality beyond acquiring lower energy linac beam profile measurements to acquiring data in the switchyard. This study summarizes the features and performance characteristics of the electronic and mechanical implementation of this system with details focusing on the test results.

Sedillo, James D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

74

Phosphorus in Antique Iron Music Wire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...jobs in goods production (manufacturing...numbers. Before 1973, a young man...high post-OPEC rates ofinflation...in A megagrams per cubic meter...to the present day. The dates associated...bottleneck in production and waterpower...centers of wire production because of the...

MARTHA GOODWAY

1987-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Photovoltaic ground fault and blind spot electrical simulations.  

SciTech Connect

Ground faults in photovoltaic (PV) systems pose a fire and shock hazard. To mitigate these risks, AC-isolated, DC grounded PV systems in the United States use Ground Fault Protection Devices (GFPDs), e.g., fuses, to de-energize the PV system when there is a ground fault. Recently the effectiveness of these protection devices has come under question because multiple fires have started when ground faults went undetected. In order to understand the limitations of fuse-based ground fault protection in PV systems, analytical and numerical simulations of different ground faults were performed. The numerical simulations were conducted with Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE) using a circuit model of the PV system which included the modules, wiring, switchgear, grounded or ungrounded components, and the inverter. The derivation of the SPICE model and the results of parametric fault current studies are provided with varying array topologies, fuse sizes, and fault impedances. Closed-form analytical approximations for GFPD currents from faults to the grounded current carrying conductor-known as %E2%80%9Cblind spot%E2%80%9D ground faults-are derived to provide greater understanding of the influence of array impedances on fault currents. The behavior of the array during various ground faults is studied for a range of ground fault fuse sizes to determine if reducing the size of the fuse improves ground fault detection sensitivity. The results of the simulations show that reducing the amperage rating of the protective fuse does increase fault current detection sensitivity without increasing the likelihood of nuisance trips to a degree. Unfortunately, this benefit reaches a limit as fuses become smaller and their internal resistance increases to the point of becoming a major element in the fault current circuit.

Flicker, Jack David; Johnson, Jay

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Tapered monocapillary-optics for point source applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A glass or metal wire is precisely etched to form the paraboloidal or ellipsoidal shape of the final desired capillary optic. This shape is created by carefully controlling the withdrawal speed of the wire from an etchant bath. In the case of a complete ellipsoidal capillary, the etching operation is performed twice in opposite directions on adjacent wire segments. The etched wire undergoes a subsequent operation to create an extremely smooth surface. This surface is coated with a layer of material which is selected to maximize the reflectivity of the radiation. This reflective surface may be a single layer for wideband reflectivity, or a multilayer coating for optimizing the reflectivity in a narrower wavelength interval. The coated wire is built up with a reinforcing layer, typically by a plating operation. The initial wire is removed by either an etching procedure or mechanical force. Prior to removing the wire, the capillary is typically bonded to a support substrate. One option for attaching the wire to the substrate produces a monolithic structure by essentially burying it under a layer of plating which covers both the wire and the substrate. The capillary optic is used for efficiently collecting and redirecting the divergent radiation from a source which could be the anode of an x-ray tube, a plasma source, the fluorescent radiation from an electron microprobe, or some other source of radiation.

Hirsch, Gregory (1277 Linda Mar Center, Suite 128, Pacifica, CA 94044)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Wire fixturing in high wire-number z pinches critical for high radiation power and reproducibility  

SciTech Connect

The quality of high wire-number z-pinch implosions on Z using a dynamic hohlraum (DH) configuration [Sanford, et al., Phys. Plasmas 9, 3573 (2002)] is significantly affected by the method of holding the wires. The three arrangements discussed here have led to differences in radial and axial x-ray powers of factors of 1.6{+-}0.2 and 1.5{+-}0.2, respectively. An increase in power is accompanied by reductions in rise time and pulse width, and improvements in shot-to-shot reproducibility. Higher powers are produced by fixtures that enable the wires to be maintained taut, which also produce superior current contacts at the electrodes (and in particular at the cathode) prior to implosion. The increased axial power, and decreased variation in power and pulse shape, correlate with decreased wire-plasma material observed at the axial radiation exit holes of the DH.

Sanford, T.W.L.; Mock, R.C.; Seamen, J.F.; Lopez, M.R.; Watt, R.G.; Idzorek, G.C.; Peterson, D.L. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Ground Vibration Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of ground vibration is important for checking of amplitudes of ... confirmation of efficiency of control measures of ground vibration. The properties of measuring instruments used can affect the resul...

Dr. Milutin Srbulov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

THE VIBRATION OF A CONDUCTING WIRE IN A MAGNETIC FIELD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1963 research-article Articles THE VIBRATION OF A CONDUCTING WIRE IN A MAGNETIC FIELD...Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. The vibration of a perfectly flexible, stretched...inpedance of the wire is discuassed. THE VIBRATION OF A CONDUCTING WIRE IN A MAGNETIC FIELD......

M.A. LEIBOWITZ; R.C. ACKERBERG

1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

High density harp or wire scanner for particle beam diagnostics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a diagnostic detector head harp used to detect and characterize high energy particle beams using an array of closely spaced detector wires, typically carbon wires, spaced less than 0.1 cm (0.040 inch) connected to a hybrid microcircuit formed on a ceramic substrate. A method to fabricate harps to obtain carbon wire spacing and density not previously available utilizing hybrid microcircuit technology. The hybrid microcircuit disposed on the ceramic substrate connects electrically between the detector wires and diagnostic equipment which analyzes pulses generated in the detector wires by the high energy particle beams. 6 figs.

Fritsche, C.T.; Krogh, M.L.

1996-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Moon Rock Reveals Hot Molten Core | Wired Science from Wired.com http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/01/moon-magnet.html 1 of 4 1/16/2009 2:39 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science from Wired.com http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/01/moon-magnet.html 2 of 4 1/16/2009 2All Wired Moon Rock Reveals Hot Molten Core | Wired Science from Wired.com http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/01/moon-magnet.html 1 of 4 1/16/2009 2:39 PM #12;« Monkeys Are Gadget Junkies, Too | Main | A New

Weiss, Benjamin P.

82

Substation grounding optimization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Substation grounding is a critical part of the overall electric power system. It is designed to not only provide a path to dissipate electric currents… (more)

Balev, Vadim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 3, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SGSYS (Substation Grounding SYStem Analysis Program). This program analyzes the substation ground field given the total electric current injected into the ground field and the design of the grounding system. Standard outputs of the program are (1) total ground resistance, (2) step voltage, (3) touch voltage, (4) voltages on a grid of points, (5) voltage profile along straight lines, (6) transfer voltages, (7) ground potential rise, (8) body currents, (9) step voltage profile along straight lines, and (10) touch voltage profile along straight lines. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. In the interactive mode, the user defines the grounding system geometry, soil parameters, and output requests interactively, with the use of a user friendly conversational program. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. An appendix provides forms which facilitate data collection procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SGSYS and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. It can be used to compute transient ground potential rise due to lightning or switching, and the ground impedance (i.e. resistance and reactance) at specified frequencies. This report, Volume 4, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program TGRND (Transient GRouNDing System Analysis Program). This program computes transient ground potential rise resulting from lightning, switching, or other transient electric currents injected to a grounding system. The program also computes the impedance (i.e. resistance and reactance) of a grounding system as a function of frequency. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program TGRND and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

System and method for evaluating a wire conductor  

SciTech Connect

A method of evaluating an electrically conductive wire segment having an insulated intermediate portion and non-insulated ends includes passing the insulated portion of the wire segment through an electrically conductive brush. According to the method, an electrical potential is established on the brush by a power source. The method also includes determining a value of electrical current that is conducted through the wire segment by the brush when the potential is established on the brush. The method additionally includes comparing the value of electrical current conducted through the wire segment with a predetermined current value to thereby evaluate the wire segment. A system for evaluating an electrically conductive wire segment is also disclosed.

Panozzo, Edward; Parish, Harold

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

Measurements with wire mesh stacks in thermoacoustic prime movers.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements with various wire mesh ‘‘stacks’’ in two different thermoacoustic prime movers are presented. Stirling engine regenerators are commonly constructed by stacking disks cut from wire mesh (i.e. wire cloth or wire screen) in a tube. In addition to simplicity this has two advantages for prime movers. First the wire is relatively impervious to moderately high temperatures and second the effective thermal conductivity of the structure is one to two orders of magnitude lower than a comparable metal ‘‘parallel plate’’ structure. Since no linear theoretical thermoacoustic models exist for these wire mesh stacks this approach is simply to measure the performance of several different mesh stacks. Initial results indicate reasonably good onset temperature and amplitude performance. [Work supported by Office of Naval Research.

Thomas J. Hofler; Mark S. Reed

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Influence of insulating coating on aluminum wire explosions  

SciTech Connect

Single wire explosions are widely used in understanding the early stages of z-pinch experiments. This paper presents a serial of experiments conducted on the pulse power generator with ?1?kA peak current and ?10?ns rising time in Xi'an Jiao Tong University. Polyimide coated aluminum wires and uncoated ones were tested under three different voltages to analyze the effect of insulating coating. Experimental results showed that insulating coating can increase the energy deposition 10%?30% in aluminum wires by delaying the voltage collapse and raising the maximum load resistance. The substantial energy deposition resulted in about 20% faster expansion rates for coated wires. Experimental evidence that plasma channel shunts the current from the wire core was observed by streak camera and schlieren graphs. This paper also briefly discussed the influence of nonuniform coating on the morphology of wire expansion.

Li, Yang; Wu, Jian, E-mail: jxjawj@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); State Key Laboratory of Intense Pulse Radiation of Simulation and Effect, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Sheng, Liang; Zhao, Jizhen; Zhang, Mei; Yuan, Yuan; Peng, Bodong [State Key Laboratory of Intense Pulse Radiation of Simulation and Effect, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Li, Xingwen [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Ground Motion Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop 2nd Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators November 6 - 9, 2000 SLAC Coordinators: Andrei Seryi & Tor Raubenheimer Proceedings Updated June 26, 2001 Agenda and Presentations Workshop photos Summaries Useful links Poster Goals Introduction to the problems Structure Registration Registered participants Committees Location, Accommodations and Travel Workshop on Ground Motion in Future Accelerators A workshop was held at SLAC that was devoted to ground motion and its effects on future accelerators. Ground motion and vibration can be a limiting effect in synchrotron light sources, hadron circular colliders, and electron/positron linear colliders. Over the last several years, there has been significant progress in the understanding of the ground motion and its effects, however, there are

89

Observations of the long distance exploding wire restrike mechanism  

SciTech Connect

An exploding wire restrike mechanism is applied to create plasma paths up to 9 m in length. The mechanism uses enameled copper wires in a 5 to 10 kV/m region of average electric field (AEF). This relatively low AEF restrike mechanism appears to be linked to the formation of plasma beads along the wire's length. Voltage traces, measurement of relative emitted light intensity and photographs are presented at AEFs below, inside and above the identified restrike region.

Sinton, Rowan; Herel, Ryan van; Enright, Wade; Bodger, Pat [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800 Christchurch (New Zealand)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Synthesis of organic wires mediating electron transfer | Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center Research News Media about Center Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Synthesis of organic wires mediating electron transfer 8 Feb 2013 Brian Watson, graduate...

91

Design of a high precision desktop wire electrical discharge machine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis discusses the design of a wire electrical discharge machine that is small enough to be deemed a desktop machine that achieves sub micron… (more)

Dunlop, David James

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Longevity of Emplacement Drift Ground Support Materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the factors affecting the longevity of emplacement drift ground support materials and to develop a basis for the selection of materials for ground support that will function throughout the preclosure period of a potential repository at Yucca Mountain. REV 01 ICN 01 of this analysis is developed in accordance with AP-3.10Q, Analyses and Models, Revision 2, ICN 4, and prepared in accordance with the Technical Work Plan for Subsurface Design Section FY 01 Work Activities (CRWMS M&O 2001a). The objective of this analysis is to update the previous analysis (CRWMS M&O 2000a) to account for related changes in the Ground Control System Description Document (CRWMS M&O 2000b), the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document, which is included in the Requirements and Criteria for Implementing a Repository Design that can be Operated Over a Range of Thermal Modes (BSC 2001), input information, and in environmental conditions, and to provide updated information on candidate ground support materials. Candidate materials for ground support are carbon steel and cement grout. Steel is mainly used for steel sets, lagging, channel, rock bolts, and wire mesh. Cement grout is only considered in the case of grouted rock bolts. Candidate materials for the emplacement drift invert are carbon steel and granular natural material. Materials are evaluated for the repository emplacement drift environment based on the updated thermal loading condition and waste package design. The analysis consists of the following tasks: (1) Identify factors affecting the longevity of ground support materials for use in emplacement drifts. (2) Review existing documents concerning the behavior of candidate ground support materials during the preclosure period. (3) Evaluate impacts of temperature and radiation effects on mechanical and thermal properties of steel. Assess corrosion potential of steel at emplacement drift environment. (4) Evaluate factors affecting longevity of cement grouts for fully grouted rock bolt system. Provide updated information on cement grout mix design for fully grouted rock bolt system. (5) Evaluate longevity of materials for the emplacement drift invert.

D.H.Tang

2001-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Fast and High Accuracy Wire Scanner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scanning of a high intensity particle beam imposes challenging requirements on a Wire Scanner system. It is expected to reach a scanning speed of 20 m.s-1 with a position accuracy of the order of 1 ?m. In addition a timing accuracy better than 1 millisecond is needed. The adopted solution consists of a fork holding a wire rotating by a maximum of 200°. Fork, rotor and angular position sensor are mounted on the same axis and located in a chamber connected to the beam vacuum. The requirements imply the design of a system with extremely low vibration, vacuum compatibility, radiation and temperature tolerance. The adopted solution consists of a rotary brushless synchronous motor with the permanent magnet rotor installed inside of the vacuum chamber and the stator installed outside. The accurate position sensor will be mounted on the rotary shaft inside of the vacuum chamber, has to resist a bake-out temperature of 200°C and ionizing radiation up to a dozen of kGy/year. A digital feedback controller allows maxi...

Koujili, M; Koopman, J; Ramos, D; Sapinski, M; De Freitas, J; Ait Amira, Y; Djerdir, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Previous R&D of vibrating wire alignment technique for HEPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The alignment tolerance of multipoles on a girder is better than 30um in the storage ring of High Energy Photon Source HEPS which will be the next project at IHEP Institute of High Energy Physics. This is difficult to meet the precision only using the traditional optical survey method. In order to achieve this goal, vibrating wire alignment technique with high precision and sensitivity is considered to be used in this project. This paper presents some previous research works about theory, scheme design and achievements.

Lei Wu; Xiaolong Wang; Chunhua Li; Huamin Qu

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

95

Sprites, elf transients, and positive ground strokes  

SciTech Connect

In two summertime mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), mesospheric optical sprite phenomena were often coincident with both large-amplitude positive cloud-to-ground lightning and transient Schumann resonance excitations of the entire Earth-ionosphere cavity. These observations, together with earlier studies of MCS electrification, suggest that sprites are triggered when the rapid removal of large quantities of positive charge from an areally extensive charge layer stresses the mesosphere to dielectric breakdown. 46 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Boccippio, D.J.; Boldi, R.; Williams, E.R. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)] [and others

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

96

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 2, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SMECC (Substation Maximum Earth Current Computation Program). This program analyzes the electric current distribution among grounded structures inside and outside a substation for different fault conditions. The fault conditions are automatically selected by the program, or they may be specified by the user, or both. The fault condition resulting in maximum substation earth current is identified and reported. Data requirements for this program are: ground impedance, transformer data, transmission line data, transmission line grounding impedances, etc. The program provides four types of standard outputs: (1) a report of voltages and current flow in the unfaulted system, (2) a brief report of the maximum ground potential rise (worst fault condition), (3) a summary report of all fault conditions which have been analyzed by the program, and (4) a detailed report of voltages and current flow for a selected set of fault conditions.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement Karthik Balakrishnan, Vidit Nanda, Siddharth compro- mising total wirelength and via count. Our approach consists of two phases. First, we use a multi and global routing for global wire congestion and maximum temperature reduction. Our experimental results

Lim, Sung Kyu

98

Nanowires and nanoribbons as subwavelength optical waveguides and their use as components in photonic circuits and devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nanoribbons and nanowires having diameters less than the wavelength of light are used in the formation and operation of optical circuits and devices. Such nanostructures function as subwavelength optical waveguides which form a fundamental building block for optical integration. The extraordinary length, flexibility and strength of these structures enable their manipulation on surfaces, including the precise positioning and optical linking of nanoribbon/wire waveguides and other nanoribbon/wire elements to form optical networks and devices. In addition, such structures provide for waveguiding in liquids, enabling them to further be used in other applications such as optical probes and sensors.

Yang, Peidong; Law, Matt; Sirbuly, Donald J.; Johnson, Justin C.; Saykally, Richard; Fan, Rong; Tao, Andrea

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

99

Policy Name: Telecommunications Cabling and Wiring Originating/Responsible Department: Computing & Communication Services (CCS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Name: Telecommunications Cabling and Wiring Originating/Responsible Department: Computing Officer (CIO) Policy: Telecommunications Cabling and Wiring Purpose: The purpose of this Policy is to define responsibility and accountability for telecommunications cabling and wiring within the Carleton

Carleton University

100

Generation of diamond wire sliced wafer surface based on the distribution of diamond grits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diamond wire sawing is one of the abrasive machining processes. The cutting tool is a tiny steel wire coated with a large number of diamond grits. Although wire saw is widely used for slicing hard and brittle ...

Chunhui Chung; Le Van Nhat

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - adding wire nets Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of applications. What is the 1-Wire Net? The 1-Wire net... architecture that uses a resistor pull-up to a nominal 5V supply at the master. A 1-Wire net-based system... interfaces...

102

Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Grant Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Grant Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Grant Program Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Grant Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Maximum Rebate $9,000 Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount $1,000 plus 50% of remaining costs Provider Alliant Energy Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) offers a Farm Wiring Grant program to increase farm safety, productivity and efficiency. The first $1,000 of the cost of the project is covered by a grant, as well as 50% of the remaining costs (up to $9,000), for a maximum grant incentive of $10,000. Alliant Energy will inspect the facility for stray voltage and recommend improvements. Alliant's Farm Wiring Financing Program also offers

103

ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance August 23, 2013 - 4:06pm Addthis The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) recently released a new study on advances in superconducting wire technology. A team led by ORNL's Amit Goyal demonstrated that the ability to control nanoscale imperfections in superconducting wires results in materials with excellent and customized performance. The team's findings are published in Nature Publishing Group's Scientific Reports. The full press release and link to the new report are available on ORNL's website. Dr. Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) research at ORNL, won the Department's 2011 E.O. Lawrence Award in the inaugural category of

104

Smart Wires Demo March 17, 2004 REVISED  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intelligent Power Infrastructure Consortium Intelligent Power Infrastructure Consortium Smart Wires Dynamically Controllable Grid Assets Prof. Deepak Divan Associate Director, Strategic Energy Institute Director, Intelligent Power Infrastructure Consortium School of Electrical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology 777 Atlantic Drive NW deepak.divan@ece.gatech.edu Atlanta, GA 2 Power Delivery - Major Challenge for Sustainable Energy * Wind at price parity with natural gas, retail price parity imminent for solar PV. Binding RPS mandates of 10-40% in 27 states. * To meet current reliability standards, new solar/wind plants need energy storage, back-up fossil plants & spinning reserve. * EVs require spinning reserve and back-up generation. * Excessive new T&D buildout with RPS and EVs to meet energy

105

and MC connectors could have a third lead added for the equipment-grounding conductor, and studs or nuts that  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the manufacturer objects to cutting off the connectors, the easiest thing to do is buy pre- made cables with MC the grounding wire be landed there? Type-MC cable in the National Electrical Code (NEC) refers to metal to you, write to the module manufacturers. There is nothing to prevent them from offering these options

Johnson, Eric E.

106

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 5, is an applications guide of the three computer programs. SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS, for the purpose of designing a safe substation grounding system. The applications guide utilizes four example substation grounding systems for the purpose of illustrating the application of the programs, SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS. The examples are based on data provided by four contributing utilities, namely, Houston Lighting and Power Company, Southern Company Services, Puget Sound Power and Light Company, and Arizona Public Service Company. For the purpose of illustrating specific capabilities of the computer programs, the data have been modified. As a result, the final designs of the four systems do not necessarily represent actual grounding system designs by these utilities. The example system 1 is a 138 kV/35 kV distribution substation. The example system 2 is a medium size 230 kV/115 kV transmission substation. The third example system is a generation substation while the last is a large 525 kV/345 kV/230 kV transmission substation. The four examples cover most of the practical problems that a user may encounter in the design of substation grounding systems.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Solving The Ising Problem Using Degenerate Optical Parametric Oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A degenerate optical parametric oscillator network is proposed to solve the NP-hard problem of finding a ground state of the Ising Hamiltonian.

Wang, Zhe; Marandi, Alireza; Wen, Kai; Byer, Robert L; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

108

Optical glass polishing by controlled laser surface-heat treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that optical surfaces traditionally ground in conventional glasses with high coefficients of thermal expansion may be polished by irradiation with a space- and...

Laguarta, F; Lupon, N; Armengol, J

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

The five volume report comprises the user manual, installation, and validation manual and an applications guide for the SGA (Substation Grounding Analysis) software package. SGA consists of four computer programs: (1) SOMIP, (2) SMECC, (3) SGSYS, and (4) TGRND. The first three programs provide a comprehensive analysis tool for the design of substation grounding systems to meet safety standards. The fourth program, TGRND, provides a state of the art analysis tool for computing transient ground potential rise and ground system impedance. This part of the report, Volume 1, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SOMIP (SOil Measurement Interpretation Program). This program computes the best estimate of the parameters of a two layer soil model from usual soil resistivity measurements. Four pin or three pin soil measurements can be accommodated. In addition, it provides error bounds on the soil parameters for a given confidence level. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SOMIP and provides two test cases for validation purposes. 4 refs.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Quantum computer of wire circuit architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First solid state quantum computer was built using transmons (cooper pair boxes). The operation of the computer is limited because of using a number of the rigit cooper boxes working with fixed frequency at temperatures of superconducting material. Here, we propose a novel architecture of quantum computer based on a flexible wire circuit of many coupled quantum nodes containing controlled atomic (molecular) ensembles. We demonstrate wide opportunities of the proposed computer. Firstly, we reveal a perfect storage of external photon qubits to multi-mode quantum memory node and demonstrate a reversible exchange of the qubits between any arbitrary nodes. We found optimal parameters of atoms in the circuit and self quantum modes for quantum processing. The predicted perfect storage has been observed experimentally for microwave radiation on the lithium phthalocyaninate molecule ensemble. Then also, for the first time we show a realization of the efficient basic two-qubit gate with direct coupling of two arbitrary nodes by using appropriate atomic frequency shifts in the circuit nodes. Proposed two-qubit gate runs with a speed drastically accelerated proportionally to the number of atoms in the node. The direct coupling and accelerated two-qubit gate can be realized for large number of the circuit nodes. Finally, we describe two and three-dimensional scalable architectures that pave the road to construction of universal multi-qubit quantum computer operating at room temperatures.

S. A. Moiseev; F. F. Gubaidullin; S. N. Andrianov

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

"Instantaneous superluminality" in a bimetallic wire consisting of a superconducting aluminum wire plated with a thick copper covering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maxwell's equations applied to a superconducting wire (aluminum) covered with a thick nonsuperconducting sheath (copper), in combination with the superfluid velocity equation for Cooper pairs which obeys DeWitt's minimal coupling rule, implies an instantaneous streamline flow that leads to the phenomenon of "instantaneous superluminality," in which a Cooper pair can disappear from the left end of the wire and instantaneously reappear at the right end of the wire. Relativistic causality is not violated by this superluminal phenomenon, which involves analytic, finite bandwidth waveforms whose spectrum lies below the BCS gap frequency. Experiments are proposed to test these ideas.

R. Y. Chiao

2010-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

112

Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Financing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Financing Program Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Financing Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $20,000 Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Alliant Energy Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) offers a farm wiring financing program to increase farm safety, productivity and efficiency, while decreasing the potential for stray voltage on livestock farms. To start, Alliant Energy will inspect the facility for stray voltage and recommend improvements. Loans of up to $20,000 at 3% are available for wiring or efficiency equipment as part of this program. In addition to this program, Alliant-WP&L offers the Farm Wiring Grant

113

An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities - October 2010 An Updated Assessement of Copper Wire Thefts from Electric Utilities - October 2010 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability monitors changes, threats, and risks to the energy infrastructure in the United States. This report updates a previously published report on copper wire theft. The combined efforts of electric utilities, lawmakers, scrap metal dealers, and local law enforcement have succeeded in reducing the problem. Updated Assessment-Copper-Final October 2010.pdf More Documents & Publications Investigation Letter Report: I11IG002 Semiannual Report to Congress: for the first half of Fiscal Year (FY) 1998 Energy Infrastructure Events and Expansions Year-in-Review 2010

114

Xcel Energy- Farm Re-Wiring Loan Program (Wisconsin)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Xcel Energy operates the farm rewiring loan program to help its agricultural customers install safer and more energy efficient electrical wiring. The loan program charges 3% interest with terms of...

115

New Wire Silicon Slicing Technology for Solar Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Firstly a prototype machine using Multicutting wire technology (MCWT) is described. The influence of ... and damaged layer are suitable for the present solar cell technology. Further decreasing cost steps are com...

H. Lauvray; A. Talpied; J. P. Besselere

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Charge density on a thin straight wire: The first visit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of the linear charge density on a long straight conducting wire was considered and solved using a variational technique over 123 years ago. We describe the who and where and summarize his results. We also eat humble pie.

J. D. Jackson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Transient Thermal Performance of the Stirling Engine Wire Regenerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

8 January 1994 research-article Transient Thermal Performance of the Stirling Engine Wire Regenerator Allan J. Organ Analyses of the classic Hausen type are not merely inappropriate to conditions in the Stirling...

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Repeatability of measurements of residential magnetic fields and wire codes  

SciTech Connect

Several epidemiological studies have been based on wire codes (i.e., categories of electrical wiring configurations near residences) or on in-home spot measurements of magnetic flux density (MFD) as surrogates for short- and long-term exposure of children and adults to residential magnetic fields. We used wire code and MFD measurements that were made in 81 Colorado homes in 1985 and again in 1990 to assess their repeatability over periods of 0-24 h and 5 years. These homes, a subset of those lived in by subjects from the case-control study of Savitz et al. [Am J Epidemiol 128:21-38, 1988], were divided into four approximately equally sized groups that were differentiated by wire code and by case-control status. Eight homes were assigned wire codes in 1990 that differed from the 1985 coding of Savitz and colleagues [1988]; of these, seven were coded as high-current configuration (HCC) and one as low-current configuration (LCC) in 1985. Overall, 37 homes were coded as HCC in 1990 compared with 38 homes in 1985. Coding differences were due to differing distance measurements (four homes), differing thick vs. thin categorization of primary-distribution line-conductor sizes (two homes), differing first-span vs. second-span categorization of secondary wires (one home), and physical changes in proximate electrical wiring (one home). Coefficients of correlation between MFD spot measurements that were separated in time by 0-24 h range between 0.70 and 0.90. The coefficient between spot measurements made in 1985 and then again in 1990 is 0.70. These coefficients are similar for HCC and LCC homes and do not depend on whether residential appliances were turned on or off. The data show (at least for the portion of Colorado studied) that residential wire code and, more surprisingly, spot MFD measurements, are fairly reliable over 0-24-h and 5-year periods.

Dovan, T.; Kaune, W.T.; Savitz, D.A. (ENERTECH Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Enhanced Charge Transport in Enzyme-Wired Organometallic Block Copolymers for Bioenergy and Biosensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhanced Charge Transport in Enzyme-Wired Organometallic Block Copolymers for Bioenergy and Biosensors ...

Joungphil Lee; Hyungmin Ahn; Ilyoung Choi; Markus Boese; Moon Jeong Park

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

120

Method of manufacturing fine filamentary NB-TI based alloy superconducting wire  

SciTech Connect

A method of manufacturing a fine multifilamentary Nb-Ti based superconducting wire was disclosed, which comprises a first step of processing an alloy consisting essentially of 10 to 50 atomic % of niobium, 40 to 75 atomic % of titanium and no higher than 30 atomic % of least one element selected from a group consisting of hafnium, tantalum and tungsten to form an alloy wire, a second step of covering said alloy wire with a stabilizer, cold drawing the resultant wire, bundling a plurality of stabilizer-clad wires thus obtained, covering the bundle of wires with a stabilizer, and extruding and cold drawing the resultant bundled wire to thereby form a multifilamentary wire, and a third step of thermally treating the resultant multifilamentary wire at a temperature of 250/sup 0/ to 600/sup 0/ C. and drawing the resultant treated multifilamentary wire to a reduction rate of 30 to 99.9%. The third step is carried out more than once.

Wada, H.; Murase, S.; Tachikawa, K.; Yamada, Y.

1985-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Ground Squirrels and Gophers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Squirrels and Gophers Squirrels and Gophers Nature Bulletin No. 224-A April 2, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation GROUND SQUIRRELS AND GOPHERS On sunny summer days, a dusty-colored animal with yellowish and brown stripes, about the size of a small rat, often may be noticed creeping through the grass of prairies, pastures, golf courses or lawns. Watch him. He pauses every few feet to sit up, look and listen for a moment. Nervous and timid, he crouches low at every distant sound or passing shadow. Startle him and he scurries away, and then may suddenly halt and freeze, bolt upright, as stiff and straight as a stake driven in the ground. If approached, he gives a loud shrill trilling whistle and, with a flip of his tail, pops out of sight. Watch that spot closely and, in less than a minute, a snaky head appears. Be quiet. He has many enemies above ground and he also has a lot of curiosity. Presently he sits up upon his haunches again.

122

February 1, 1994 / Vol. 19, No. 3 / OPTICS LETTERS Spin relaxation of optically trapped atoms by light scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

February 1, 1994 / Vol. 19, No. 3 / OPTICS LETTERS Spin relaxation of optically trapped atoms of optically trapped atoms that is due to light scattering from the trap laser. We observe relaxation times greater than 2 s for ground-state hyperfine-levelpopulations of 85 Rb atoms trapped in an optical dipole

Heinzen, Daniel J.

123

Ground Water Recovery and Treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Until the environmental revolution, the only ground water that was routinely treated to remove contamination was the impacted ground water that was extracted for beneficial use. With ... the recognition that cont...

Tie Li Ph.D.; Raaj U. Patel P.G.; David K. Ramsden Ph.D.…

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fiber optic fluid detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Particular gases or liquids are detected with a fiber optic element having a cladding or coating of a material which absorbs the fluid or fluids and which exhibits a change of an optical property, such as index of refraction, light transmissiveness or fluoresence emission, for example, in response to absorption of the fluid. The fluid is sensed by directing light into the fiber optic element and detecting changes in the light, such as exit angle changes for example, that result from the changed optical property of the coating material. The fluid detector may be used for such purposes as sensing toxic or explosive gases in the atmosphere, measuring ground water contamination or monitoring fluid flows in industrial processes, among other uses. 10 figs.

Angel, S.M.

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

125

The LOFT Ground Segment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOFT, the Large Observatory For X-ray Timing, was one of the ESA M3 mission candidates that completed their assessment phase at the end of 2013. LOFT is equipped with two instruments, the Large Area Detector (LAD) and the Wide Field Monitor (WFM). The LAD performs pointed observations of several targets per orbit (~90 minutes), providing roughly ~80 GB of proprietary data per day (the proprietary period will be 12 months). The WFM continuously monitors about 1/3 of the sky at a time and provides data for about ~100 sources a day, resulting in a total of ~20 GB of additional telemetry. The LOFT Burst alert System additionally identifies on-board bright impulsive events (e.g., Gamma-ray Bursts, GRBs) and broadcasts the corresponding position and trigger time to the ground using a dedicated system of ~15 VHF receivers. All WFM data are planned to be made public immediately. In this contribution we summarize the planned organization of the LOFT ground segment (GS), as established in the mission Yellow Book 1 . We...

Bozzo, E; Argan, A; Barret, D; Binko, P; Brandt, S; Cavazzuti, E; Courvoisier, T; Herder, J W den; Feroci, M; Ferrigno, C; Giommi, P; Götz, D; Guy, L; Hernanz, M; Zand, J J M in't; Klochkov, D; Kuulkers, E; Motch, C; Lumb, D; Papitto, A; Pittori, C; Rohlfs, R; Santangelo, A; Schmid, C; Schwope, A D; Smith, P J; Webb, N A; Wilms, J; Zane, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics Dr. Palffy-Muhoray Ines Busuladzic Department of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics The University of Akron April 21, 2008 #12;Outline · History of optical fibers · What are optical fibers? · How are optical fibers made? · Light propagation through optical fibers · Application

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

127

Tunable nanostructured composite with built-in metallic wire-grid electrode  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the authors report an experimental demonstration of microwave reflection tuning in carbon nanostructure-based composites by means of an external voltage supplied to the material. DC bias voltages are imparted through a metal wire-grid. The magnitude of the reflection coefficient is measured upon oblique plane-wave incidence. Increasing the bias from 13 to 700 V results in a lowering of ?20 dB, and a “blueshift” of ?600 MHz of the material absorption resonance. Observed phenomena are ascribed to a change of the dielectric response of the carbon material. Inherently, the physical role of tunneling between nanofillers (carbon nanotubes) is discussed. Achievements aim at the realization of a tunable absorber. There are similar studies in literature that focus on tunable metamaterials operating at either optical or THz wavelengths.

Micheli, Davide, E-mail: davide.micheli@uniroma1.it; Pastore, Roberto; Marchetti, Mario [Department of Astronautics, Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Rome Sapienza Via Eudossiana, 18, 00184 – Rome (Italy)] [Department of Astronautics, Electrical and Energy Engineering, University of Rome Sapienza Via Eudossiana, 18, 00184 – Rome (Italy); Gradoni, Gabriele [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Paint Branch Drive, MD-20740 (United States)] [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Paint Branch Drive, MD-20740 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Wednesday, 21 December 2005 00:00 Low-dimensional materials have gained much attention not only because of the nonstop march toward miniaturization in the electronics industry but also for the exotic properties that are inherent in their small size. One approach for creating low-dimensional structures is to exploit the nanoscale or atomic-scale features that exist naturally in the three-dimensional (bulk) form of materials. By this means, a group from the University of Washington has demonstrated a new way of creating one-dimensional nanoscale structures (nanowires) in the compound gallium selenide. In short, ordered lines of structural vacancies in the material stimulate the growth of "one-dimensional" structures less than 1 nanometer in width.

129

Fabrication of sub-15?nm aluminum wires by controlled etching  

SciTech Connect

We describe a method for the fabrication of uniform aluminum nanowires with diameters below 15?nm. Electron beam lithography is used to define narrow wires, which are then etched using a sodium bicarbonate solution, while their resistance is simultaneously measured in-situ. The etching process can be stopped when the desired resistance is reached, and can be restarted at a later time. The resulting nanowires show a superconducting transition as a function of temperature and magnetic field that is consistent with their smaller diameter. The width of the transition is similar to that of the lithographically defined wires, indicating that the etching process is uniform and that the wires are undamaged. This technique allows for precise control over the normal state resistance and can be used to create a variety of aluminum nanodevices.

Morgan-Wall, T.; Hughes, H. J.; Hartman, N.; Markovi?, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); McQueen, T. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

Ground potential rise monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for detecting ground potential rise (GPR) comprising positioning a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other into the earth. The voltage of the first electrode and second electrode is attenuated by an attenuation factor creating an attenuated voltage. The true RMS voltage of the attenuated voltage is determined creating an attenuated true RMS voltage. The attenuated true RMS voltage is then multiplied by the attenuation factor creating a calculated true RMS voltage. If the calculated true RMS voltage is greater than a first predetermined voltage threshold, a first alarm is enabled at a local location. If user input is received at a remote location acknowledging the first alarm, a first alarm acknowledgment signal is transmitted. The first alarm acknowledgment signal is then received at which time the first alarm is disabled.

Allen, Zachery W. (Mandan, ND); Zevenbergen, Gary A. (Arvada, CO)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

131

Diagnostics for studying the dynamics of wire array Z pinches  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of a wire array Z pinch encompasses a huge range of conditions--with spatial dimensions varying from micrometers to centimeters, densities from solid metal through plasmas of 10{sup 15}-10{sup 22} e{sup -} cm{sup -3}, and temperatures from sub-eV to many 100 eV. We present a summary of the diagnostics developed and used at the Imperial College MAGPIE facility to study the formation and dynamics of plasma in wire array Z pinches, describing the plasma conditions for which they are useful, their various limitations, and some of the novel diagnostic techniques applied.

Bland, S. N.; Bott, S. C.; Hall, G. N.; Lebedev, S. V.; Suzuki, F.; Ampleford, D. J.; Palmer, J. B. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Shelkovenko, T. A. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); AWE Plc., Aldermaston, Reading RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

APPLICATION EXAMPLES OF ADVANCED DIGITAL CONTROL IN WIRE INDUSTRY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In wire and cable industry, mass production is done for enamel wire production and foamed insulated cable for telephone line. This paper presents applications of multivariable control to these production processes. The control systems are designed based on state space approach using the computer aided design package. The temperature distribution control of enamelling oven is presented first, and in the second, the simultaneous control of the capacitance and diameter of the foamed insulated cable is discribed. Both control systems are now practically used with satisfactory results. Keywords. Multivariable control; Enamelling oven; Temperature distribution control foamed insulated cable.

K. Furuta; M. Sampei; Y. Nakamura; K. Asaka

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Process for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wires  

SciTech Connect

A process for producing a Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wire, which comprises preparing a composite from a copper alloy material containing 0.1 to 5 atomic percent in total of at least one element of Group IV of the periodic table selected from titanium, zirconium and hafnium, a tin material and a niobium material, processing the composite into a wire, tape or tube, and heat-treating the processed composite at a temperature of 400/sup 0/ to 900/sup 0/ C. to form a Nb/sub 3/Sn compound.

Tachikawa, K.; Yoshida, S.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

134

COLLEGE STATION --The first thought of a barbed wire collection might be an image of a big ball of tangled, rusted wire. But Gaylon Lane, a retired soil scientist, has neatly assembled some 269 pieces of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COLLEGE STATION -- The first thought of a barbed wire collection might be an image of a big ball to grow after acquiring the famed "Underwood" wire, patented in 1878. This brand of wire featured barbs

135

Optical pumping of ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiofrequency spectroscopy has been extended to positive ions with S ground states by means of optical pumping. The ions are stored in buffer gases or ion traps and are polarized directly by optical pumping or indirectly by spin exchange, change exchange, or Penning ionization with optically pumped atoms. The applied methods are described. The experiments can be divided into two categories: Collisional interactions of the polarized ions are investigated, like the exchange processes mentioned above, spin exchange with free electrons, spin depolarization and hyperfine density shifts in rare gases. For the two latter effects drastic differences are observed between atomic and ionic 2S12 states the explanations of which reveal the influence of the ionic charge on the interactions. The comparison of equivalent processes involving isoelectronic 2S or 2P configurations of atoms and ions provides a test of current collision theories. Precision rf spectroscopy of ionic ground states yields the 2S12 hyperfine structure splittings of 3He+ and group II ions with relative accuracies of up to 10?9, with further improvement possible. Direct and indirect optical pumping of 1S0 ions is used to determine nuclear magnetic moments, diamagnetic shielding coefficients, and chemical shifts. Applications and further developments of the present methods are discussed.

E.W. Weber

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Coaxial Wire Impedance Measurements of BPM Buttons for the PEP-II B-FACTORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GHz) Figure 5. 1.5 cm BPM button in HER arc chamber.Wire Impedance Measurements of BPM Buttons for the PEP-lIB-WIRE IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENTS OF BPM BUTTONS FOR THE PEP-II B-

Corlett, J.N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Section...

138

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

139

Heat Resistance of Electric Arc Coatings Made of Fe–Cr–B–Al Powder Wire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric metallized coatings made of Fe–Cr–B–Al powder wire possess a high heat resistance at 700–800°C at the level ... the base material. To obtain heat-resistant electric metallized coatings of powder wire, it...

V. Pokhmurs'kyi; M. Student; B. Formanek; V. Serivka; Yu. Dz'oba…

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

FANUC Wire EDM Machine 100% Built in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FANUC Wire EDM Machine Alpha 0iE 100% Built in Japan #12;Features of the Alpha iE Series Ai Pulse productive than ever. Any EDM can handle cutting flat work pieces; Fanuc's new "R" power supply allows-up of the following advanced functions: AWF skip function Retry skip function AWF result screen RE-machining

Gray, Jeffrey J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Optimum Wire Tapering for Minimum Power Dissipation in RLC Interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tapering is shown to reduce the (a CMOS inverter) with the driver (a CMOS inverter). The power dissipatedOptimum Wire Tapering for Minimum Power Dissipation in RLC Interconnects Magdy A. El-Moursy and Eby G. Friedman Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Rochester Rochester, New

Friedman, Eby G.

142

A simple Conducting Wire for Decoupling Neighbouring Antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and good resistance to the marine environment. This paper is dedicated to the installation of antennas separation between them. Looking for elementary solutions we propose to use a simple conducting wire rather is described as a lumped element circuit composed of a capacitance in series with a resistance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Hot-wire Microphone and Audio-resonant Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... paper to the Radio Society of Great Britain on the “Hot - wire Microphone and Audio - resonant Selection”, The writer of the note is, I fear, too optimistic ... . Broadcasting employs a band of radio-freguency wave-lengths, and the whole range of audio-frequenciei between about 26 oscillations per second to aboui 8000 have to be received simultaneously ...

G. G. BLAKE

1927-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sediment control project Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately $2 million features are up to eight feet high and made of rocks packed tightly into wire enclosures. November 5, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

145

Radiofrequency Guide Wire Recanalization of Venous Occlusions in Patients with Malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome  

SciTech Connect

Fibrotic central venous occlusions in patients with thoracic malignancy and prior radiotherapy can be impassable with standard catheters and wires, including the trailing or stiff end of a hydrophilic wire. We report two patients with superior vena cava syndrome in whom we successfully utilized a radiofrequency guide wire (PowerWire, Baylis Medical, Montreal, Quebec, Canada) to perforate through the occlusion and recanalize the occluded segment to alleviate symptoms.

Davis, Robert M.; David, Elizabeth; Pugash, Robyn A.; Annamalai, Ganesan, E-mail: ganesan.annamalai@sunnybrook.ca [Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Department of Interventional Radiology (Canada)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Navy's Superlaser Is More Than a Weapon (Wired.com) | Jefferson...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

wired.comdangerroom201011navys-super-laser-wont-just-be-a-weapon Submitted: Wednesday, November 10, 2010...

147

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Non-Wires Solutions- October 17, 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding Non-Wires Solutions, approved at the October 15-16, 2012 EAC Meeting.

148

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

149

On LHCb muon MWPC grounding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My goal is to study how a big MWPC system, in particular the LHCb muon system, can be protected against unstable operation and multiple spurious hits, produced by incorrect or imperfect grounding in the severe EM environment of the LHCb experiment. A mechanism of penetration of parasitic current from the ground loop to the input of the front-end amplifier is discussed. A new model of the detector cell as the electrical bridge is considered. As shown, unbalance of the bridge makes detector to be sensitive to the noise in ground loop. Resonances in ground loop are specified. Tests of multiple-point and single-point grounding conceptions made on mock-up are presented.

Kashchuk, A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Regional analysis of ground and above-ground climate  

SciTech Connect

The regional suitability of underground construction as a climate control technique is discussed with reference to (1) a bioclimatic analysis of long-term weather data for 29 locations in the United States to determine appropriate above ground climate control techniques, (2) a data base of synthesized ground temperatures for the coterminous United States, and (3) monthly dew point ground temperature comparisons for identifying the relative likelihood of condensation from one region to another. It is concluded that the suitability of earth tempering as a practice and of specific earth-sheltered design stereotypes varies geographically; while the subsurface almost always provides a thermal advantage on its own terms when compared to above ground climatic data, it can, nonetheless, compromise the effectiveness of other, regionally more important climate control techniques. Also contained in the report are reviews of above and below ground climate mapping schemes related to human comfort and architectural design, and detailed description of a theoretical model of ground temperature, heat flow, and heat storage in the ground. Strategies of passive climate control are presented in a discussion of the building bioclimatic analysis procedure which has been applied in a computer analysis of 30 years of weather data for each of 29 locations in the United States.

Not Available

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Introducing SAM (Sun and Aureole Measurement), a New, Ground-based  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introducing SAM (Sun and Aureole Measurement), a New, Ground-based Introducing SAM (Sun and Aureole Measurement), a New, Ground-based Capability for Measuring Cloud Optical Properties DeVore, John Visidyne, Inc. Stair, A Visidyne McClatchey, Robert McClatchey Associates Category: Instruments Visidyne has developed a new, ground-based capability for the remote measurement of cloud and aerosol optical properties. Named SAM, for Sun and Aureole Measurement, this system makes precise measurements of the radiance profile of the solar disk and aureole. The radiance of the solar disk affords a definitive measure of the column optical depth when corrected for forward scattering. The aureole profile is a measure of the forward scattering properties of the particles in the column and can be used to correct the optical depth. The aureole profile can also be used to derive

152

OPTICS5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optics5 (5.1.02) Knowledge Base Optics5 (5.1.02) Knowledge Base Last Updated: 09/11/13 Table of Contents INSTALLATION EXECUTION bullet ** Operating Systems -- Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** bullet ** Running Optics5 with Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista ** bullet ** Running Optics5 with Microsoft Windows 7 and Vista 64 bit ** Optics5 may not work correctly with regional/locale settings using "," as a decimal separator. bullet Which Windows operating systems can be used to run Optics? "Class Does Not Support Automation or Expected Interface" error message bullet How much hard disk space should be available to install Optics? Optics user manual bullet I receive a virus warning (nimda-virus) when installing Optics. What should I do? NFRC Procedure for Applied Films bullet I have installed Optics but I can't find the program or the icon.

153

On the influence that the ground electrode diameter has in the propulsion efficiency of an asymmetric capacitor in nitrogen gas  

SciTech Connect

In this work, the propulsion force developed in an asymmetric capacitor will be calculated for three different diameters of the ground electrode. The used ion source is a small diameter wire, which generates a positive corona discharge in nitrogen gas directed to the ground electrode. By applying the fluid dynamic and electrostatic theories, all hydrodynamic and electrostatic forces that act on the considered geometries will be computed in an attempt to provide a physical insight on the force mechanism that acts on the asymmetrical capacitors, and also to understand how to increase the efficiency of propulsion.

Martins, Alexandre A. [Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Pinheiro, Mario J. [Department of Physics and Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

1D-1D tunneling between vertically coupled GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wires.  

SciTech Connect

We report low-dimensional transport and tunneling in an independently contacted vertically coupled quantum wire system, with a 7.5 nm barrier between the wires. The derivative of the linear conductance shows evidence for both single wire occupation and coupling between the wires. This provides a map of the subband occupation that illustrates the control that we have over the vertically coupled double quantum wires. Preliminary tunneling results indicate a sharp 1D-1D peak in conjunction with a broad 2D-2D background signal. This 1D-1D peak is sensitively dependent on the top and bottom split gate voltage.

Seamons, John Andrew; Lilly, Michael Patrick; Reno, John Louis; Bielejec, Edward Salvador

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

NLS ground states on graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the existence of ground states for the subcritical NLS energy on metric graphs. In particular, we find out a topological assumption that guarantees the nonexistence of ground states, and give an example in which the assumption is not fulfilled and ground states actually exist. In order to obtain the result, we introduce a new rearrangement technique, adapted to the graph where it applies. Owing to such a technique, the energy level of the rearranged function is improved by conveniently mixing the symmetric and monotone rearrangement procedures.

Riccardo Adami; Enrico Serra; Paolo Tilli

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

156

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Low-dimensional materials have gained much attention not only because of the nonstop march toward miniaturization in the electronics industry but also for the exotic properties that are inherent in their small size. One approach for creating low-dimensional structures is to exploit the nanoscale or atomic-scale features that exist naturally in the three-dimensional (bulk) form of materials. By this means, a group from the University of Washington has demonstrated a new way of creating one-dimensional nanoscale structures (nanowires) in the compound gallium selenide. In short, ordered lines of structural vacancies in the material stimulate the growth of "one-dimensional" structures less than 1 nanometer in width.

157

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Low-dimensional materials have gained much attention not only because of the nonstop march toward miniaturization in the electronics industry but also for the exotic properties that are inherent in their small size. One approach for creating low-dimensional structures is to exploit the nanoscale or atomic-scale features that exist naturally in the three-dimensional (bulk) form of materials. By this means, a group from the University of Washington has demonstrated a new way of creating one-dimensional nanoscale structures (nanowires) in the compound gallium selenide. In short, ordered lines of structural vacancies in the material stimulate the growth of "one-dimensional" structures less than 1 nanometer in width.

158

Wire Making Techniques - HTS Coated Conductors - Fact Sheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rolling Assisted Biaxially Textured Substrates (RABiTS Rolling Assisted Biaxially Textured Substrates (RABiTS TM ) coated conductors, characterized by their low cost and simple architecture, promise to meet industry price and performance targets. Introduction Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors (HTS), notably YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 (YBCO), researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) national laboratories have searched for ways to manufacture affordable flexible wires with high current density. One of the chief obstacles to the manufacture of commercial lengths of YBCO wire has been the phenomenon of weak links, which exist where current crosses a non-superconducting region such as a grain boundary. By aligning grains carefully, low angle boundaries between superconducting grains are assured, which

159

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Vacancy-Induced Nanoscale Wire Structure in Gallium Selenide Layers Print Low-dimensional materials have gained much attention not only because of the nonstop march toward miniaturization in the electronics industry but also for the exotic properties that are inherent in their small size. One approach for creating low-dimensional structures is to exploit the nanoscale or atomic-scale features that exist naturally in the three-dimensional (bulk) form of materials. By this means, a group from the University of Washington has demonstrated a new way of creating one-dimensional nanoscale structures (nanowires) in the compound gallium selenide. In short, ordered lines of structural vacancies in the material stimulate the growth of "one-dimensional" structures less than 1 nanometer in width.

160

Electronic scraps - Recovering of valuable materials from parallel wire cables  

SciTech Connect

Every year, the number of discarded electro-electronic products is increasing. For this reason recycling is needed, to avoid wasting non-renewable natural resources. The objective of this work is to study the recycling of materials from parallel wire cable through unit operations of mineral processing. Parallel wire cables are basically composed of polymer and copper. The following unit operations were tested: grinding, size classification, dense medium separation, electrostatic separation, scrubbing, panning, and elutriation. It was observed that the operations used obtained copper and PVC concentrates with a low degree of cross contamination. It was concluded that total liberation of the materials was accomplished after grinding to less than 3 mm, using a cage mill. Separation using panning and elutriation presented the best results in terms of recovery and cross contamination.

Pinheiro Bezerra de Araujo, Mishene Christie [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes 2464, Sao Paulo 05508-900 (Brazil); Pinto Chaves, Arthur [Department of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes 2373, Sao Paulo 05508-900 (Brazil); Crocce Romano Espinosa, Denise [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes 2464, Sao Paulo 05508-900 (Brazil); Tenorio, Jorge Alberto Soares [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof. Mello Moraes 2464, Sao Paulo 05508-900 (Brazil)], E-mail: jtenorio@usp.br

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Wire Scanner Beam Profile Measurements: LANSCE Facility Beam Development  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is replacing Wire Scanner (WS) beam profile measurement systems. Three beam development tests have taken place to test the new wire scanners under beam conditions. These beam development tests have integrated the WS actuator, cable plant, electronics processors and associated software and have used H{sup -} beams of different beam energy and current conditions. In addition, the WS measurement-system beam tests verified actuator control systems for minimum profile bin repeatability and speed, checked for actuator backlash and positional stability, tested the replacement of simple broadband potentiometers with narrow band resolvers, and tested resolver use with National Instruments Compact Reconfigurable Input and Output (cRIO) Virtual Instrumentation. These beam tests also have verified how trans-impedance amplifiers react with various types of beam line background noise and how noise currents were not generated. This paper will describe these beam development tests and show some resulting data.

Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batygin, Yuri K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gonzales, Fermin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kutac, Vincent G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Derwin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pillai, Chandra [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

ESR studies on hot-wire amorphous silicon  

SciTech Connect

The authors measure a series of hot-wire (HW) amorphous silicon films grown with hydrogen contents C{sub H} varying between 0.5--17 at.%. From constant photocurrent method (CPM) measurements and the steady-state photocarrier grating method (SSPG) they find good agreement with previous measurements on similar hot-wire films. Electron spin resonance measurements on the same samples, however, yield significantly higher spin densities than expected. A thickness series indicates a highly defective layer close to the substrate interface. They propose that this defective layer may be due to excessive out diffusion of hydrogen during growth at high temperatures, as seen by secondary ion mass spectroscopy. ESR measurements on light-degraded samples indicate an improved stability of samples with C{sub H} < 9 at.%.

Unold, T.; Mahan, A.H.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Wire rope improvement program. Final report. [For draglines  

SciTech Connect

Activities in five major areas were undertaken during the WRIP: experiments using PNL-developed bend-over-sheave fatigue test machines to generate data on which to base a model for predicting large-diameter rope performance from that of small-diameter ropes; bend-over-sheave fatigue testing to determine differences in rope failure rates at varying rope loads; analyses to determine how wire ropes actually fail; development of a load sensor to record and quantity operational loads on drag and hoist ropes; and technology transfer activities to disseminate useful program findings to coal mine operators. Data obtained during the 6-year program support are included. High loads on wire ropes are damaging. As an adjunct, however, potentially useful countermeasures to high loads were identified. Large-diameter rope bend-over-sheave performance can be predicted from small-diameter rope test behavior, over some ranges.

Alzheimer, J.M.; Anderson, W.E.; Beeman, G.H.; Dudder, G.B.; Erickson, R.; Glaeser, W.A.; Jentgen, R.L.; Rice, R.R.; Strope, L.A.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

An optically trapped mirror for reaching the standard quantum limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The preparation of a mechanical oscillator driven by quantum back-action is a fundamental requirement to reach the standard quantum limit (SQL) for force measurement, in optomechanical systems. However, thermal fluctuating force generally dominates a disturbance on the oscillator. In the macroscopic scale, an optical linear cavity including a suspended mirror has been used for the weak force measurement, such as gravitational-wave detectors. This configuration has the advantages of reducing the dissipation of the pendulum (i.e., suspension thermal noise) due to a gravitational dilution by using a thin wire, and of increasing the circulating laser power. However, the use of the thin wire is weak for an optical torsional anti-spring effect in the cavity, due to the low mechanical restoring force of the wire. Thus, there is the trade-off between the stability of the system and the sensitivity. Here, we describe using a triangular optical cavity to overcome this limitation for reaching the SQL. The triangular cavity can provide a sensitive and stable system, because it can optically trap the mirror's motion of the yaw, through an optical positive torsional spring effect. To show this, we demonstrate a measurement of the torsional spring effect caused by radiation pressure forces.

Nobuyuki Matsumoto; Yuta Michimura; Yoichi Aso; Kimio Tsubono

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

165

Near net shape processing of continuous lengths of superconducting wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for mechanically forming a ceramic superconductor product are disclosed. A system for making the ceramic superconductor includes a metallic channel portion having a cross section for receiving a ceramic superconductor powder, a roll to mechanically reduce the channel cross section and included superconductor powder and a cap portion welded to the channel portion using a localized high energy source. The assembled bar is then mechanically reduced to form a tape or wire end product. 9 figs.

Danyluk, S.; McNallan, M.; Troendly, R.; Poeppel, R.; Goretta, K.; Lanagan, M.

1997-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

166

Calibrating Pesticide Application Ground Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This pocket-sized guide gives step-by-step instructions for calibrating ground sprayers. Tables provide instructions, examples and sample formulas for determining speed of application, flow rate and the amount of pesticide to add to the tank....

Shaw, Bryan W.

2000-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

167

Ground Water Management Regulations (Louisiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The rules and regulations apply to the management of the state's ground water resources. In addition, the Commissioner of Conservation has recommended that oil and gas operators with an interest...

168

Method for producing superconducting Nb3Sn wires  

SciTech Connect

In a method of producing a superconducting Nb3Sn wire is disclosed which comprises passing a wire or tape of a niobium-base alloy through a molten metal bath containing tin and then heat-treating it to form a Nb3Sn compound layer on the surface of said wire or tape, the improvement wherein said niobium-base alloy is an alloy comprising niobium and 0.1 to 30 atomic percent of hafnium, and said molten metal bath is a molten bath of pure tin or a tin-base alloy consisting of tin, from 0.1 to 70 atomic percent of one element of group IIIb of the periodic table selected from the group consisting of gallium, indium, and aluminum, and from 0.1 to 70 atomic percent of one element of group Ib of the periodic table selected from the group consisting of copper and silver, the total amount of the element of group IIIb and the element of group Ib not exceeding 70 atomic percent.

Sekine, H.; Tachikawa, K.

1982-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

Scattering length of the ground-state MgMg collision E. Tiesinga, S. Kotochigova, and P. S. Julienne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

can be magneto- optically trapped. This offers many possible applications of cold Mg atoms for ultra coefficients. At temperatures below 5 mK ground state Mg collisions are in the s-wave scattering regime

Kotochigova, Svetlana

170

Questa Baseline and Pre-Mining Ground-Water Quality Investigation. 3. Historical Ground-Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................................................................................... 9 Mine history and ground-water development ....................................................................................................................................................... 11 Ground-water quality database.......................................................................................................................................................... 29 Compilation of complete database

171

10/10/2014 Your Beer Attracts Fruit Flies on Purpose | WIRED http://www.wired.com/2014/10/beer-yeast-attracts-fruit-flies/#disqus_thread 15/31  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/10/2014 Your Beer Attracts Fruit Flies on Purpose | WIRED http://www.wired.com/2014/10/beer-yeast-attracts-fruit-flies/#disqus_thread 15/31 Insider Subscribe #12;10/10/2014 Your Beer Attracts Fruit Flies on Purpose | WIRED http://www.wired.com/2014/10/beer-yeast-attracts-fruit-flies/#disqus_thread 16/31 RSS Search Science beer Follow Wired

172

Low-Cost Superconducting Wire for Wind Generators: High Performance, Low Cost Superconducting Wires and Coils for High Power Wind Generators  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: The University of Houston will develop a low-cost, high-current superconducting wire that could be used in high-power wind generators. Superconducting wire currently transports 600 times more electric current than a similarly sized copper wire, but is significantly more expensive. The University of Houston’s innovation is based on engineering nanoscale defects in the superconducting film. This could quadruple the current relative to today’s superconducting wires, supporting the same amount of current using 25% of the material. This would make wind generators lighter, more powerful and more efficient. The design could result in a several-fold reduction in wire costs and enable their commercial viability of high-power wind generators for use in offshore applications.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nonimaging Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nonimaging optical system, by definition, does not produce an image of the light source. Instead, it is designed to concentrate radiation at a density as high as theoretically possible. Nonimaging optics h...

Dr. Ralf Leutz; Dr. Akio Suzuki

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Optical Switch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

seven wonders Optical Switch A key component in the laser chain, an optical switch called a plasma electrode Pockels cell (PEPC), was invented and developed at LLNL. A Pockels cell...

175

Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics Ground Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Magnetics Details Activities (15) Areas (12) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

176

Modeling of dual-metal Schottky contacts based silicon micro and nano wire solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We study solar cell properties of single silicon wires connected at their ends to two dissimilar metals of different work functions. Effects of wire dimensions, the work functions of the metals, and minority carrier lifetimes on short circuit current as well as open circuit voltage are studied. The most efficient photovoltaic behavior is found to occur when one metal makes a Schottky contact with the wire, and the other makes an Ohmic contact. As wire length increases, both short circuit current and open circuit voltage increase before saturation occurs. Depending on the work function difference between the metals and the wire dimensions, the saturation length increases by approximately an order of magnitude with a two order magnitude increase in minority carrier length. However current per surface area exposed to light is found to decrease rapidly with increase in length. The use of a multi-contact interdigitated design for long wires is investigated to increase the photovoltaic response of the devices.

M. Golam Rabbani; Amit Verma; Michael M. Adachi; Jency P. Sundararajan; Mahmoud M. Khader; Reza Nekovei; M.P. Anantram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Parallel-wire grid assembly with method and apparatus for construction thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a parallel wire grid and an apparatus and method for making the same. The grid consists of a generally coplanar array of parallel spaced-apart wires secured between metallic frame members by an electrically conductive epoxy. The method consists of continuously winding a wire about a novel winding apparatus comprising a plurality of spaced-apart generally parallel spindles. Each spindle is threaded with a number of predeterminedly spaced-apart grooves which receive and accurately position the wire at predetermined positions along the spindle. Overlying frame members coated with electrically conductive epoxy are then placed on either side of the wire array and are drawn together. After the epoxy hardens, portions of the wire array lying outside the frame members are trimmed away.

Lewandowski, Edward F. (Westmont, IL); Vrabec, John (South Holland, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Radial electric field 3D modeling for wire arrays driving dynamic hohlraums on Z.  

SciTech Connect

The anode-cathode structure of the Z-machine wire array results in a higher negative radial electric field (Er) on the wires near the cathode relative to the anode. The magnitude of this field has been shown to anti-correlate with the axial radiation top/bottom symmetry in the DH (Dynamic Hohlraum). Using 3D modeling, the structure of this field is revealed for different wire-array configurations and for progressive mechanical alterations, providing insight for minimizing the negative Er on the wire array in the anode-to-cathode region of the DH. Also, the 3D model is compared to Sasorov's approximation, which describes Er at the surface of the wire in terms of wire-array parameters.

Mock, Raymond Cecil

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Electro-optic component mounting device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique is provided for integrally mounting a device such as an electro-optic device (50) in a transmission line to avoid series resonant effects. A center conductor (52) of the transmission line has an aperture (58) formed therein for receiving the device (50). The aperture (58) splits the center conductor into two parallel sections on opposite sides of the device. For a waveguide application, the center conductor is surrounded by a conductive ground surface (54), which is spaced apart from the center conductor with a dielectric material (56). One set of electrodes formed on the surface of the electro-optic device (50) is directly connected to the center conductor 52 and an electrode formed on the surface of the electro-optic device is directly connected to the conductive ground surface (54). The electrodes formed on the surface of the electro-optic device are formed on curved sections of the surface of the device to mate with correspondingly shaped electrodes on the conductor and ground surface to provide a uniform electric field across the electro-optic device. The center conductor includes a passage ( 60) formed therein for passage of optical signals to an electro-optic device.

Gruchalla, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electro-optic component mounting device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique is provided for integrally mounting a device such as an electro-optic device in a transmission line to avoid series resonant effects. A center conductor of the transmission line has an aperture formed therein for receiving the device. The aperture splits the center conductor into two parallel sections on opposite sides of the device. For a waveguide application, the center conductor is surrounded by a conductive ground surface which is spaced apart from the center conductor with a dielectric material. One set of electrodes formed on the surface of the electro-optic device is directly connected to the center conductor and an electrode formed on the surface of the electro-optic device is directly connected to the conductive ground surface. The electrodes formed on the surface of the electro-optic device are formed on curved sections of the surface of the device to mate with correspondingly shaped electrodes on the conductor and ground surface to provide a uniform electric field across the electro-optic device. The center conductor includes a passage formed therein for passage of optical signals to an electro-optic device. 10 figs.

Gruchalla, M.E.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Nano-/micro metallic wire synthesis on Si substrate and their characterization  

SciTech Connect

Nano-/micro wires of copper are grown on semiconducting Si substrate using the template method. It involves the irradiation of 8 um thick polymeric layer coated on Si with150 MeV Ni ion beam at a fluence of 2E8. Later, by using the simple technique of electrodeposition, copper nano-/micro wires were grown via template synthesis. Synthesized wires were morphologically characterized using SEM and electrical characterization was carried out by finding I-V plot.

Kaur, Jaskiran, E-mail: kaur.jaskiran@gmail.com; Kaur, Harmanmeet, E-mail: kaur.jaskiran@gmail.com; Singh, Surinder, E-mail: kaur.jaskiran@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005 (India); Kanjilal, Dinakar [Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi-110067 (India); Chakarvarti, Shiv Kumar [Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad-121003 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

182

Exchange-induced splitting of exciton energy levels in quantum wires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of the electron-hole exchange interaction on excitons in one-dimensional quantum wires are studied theoretically by performing a simplified calculation with a scaling argument. It is shown that the exchange parameters are drastically enhanced in narrow quantum wires compared to the bulk values. As expected, the variation of the exchange-induced splitting as a function of the wire size has the same qualitative behavior as those in comparable two-dimensional quantum wells but with much higher magnitudes.

Y. Chen

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

SpaceWire model development technology for satellite architecture.  

SciTech Connect

Packet switched data communications networks that use distributed processing architectures have the potential to simplify the design and development of new, increasingly more sophisticated satellite payloads. In addition, the use of reconfigurable logic may reduce the amount of redundant hardware required in space-based applications without sacrificing reliability. These concepts were studied using software modeling and simulation, and the results are presented in this report. Models of the commercially available, packet switched data interconnect SpaceWire protocol were developed and used to create network simulations of data networks containing reconfigurable logic with traffic flows for timing system distribution.

Eldridge, John M.; Leemaster, Jacob Edward; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Optically monitoring voltage in neurons by photo-induced electron transfer through molecular wires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrochromic dyes, yet have much faster kinetics and much less added capacitance than existing sensors based targetability, or phototoxicity. Two of the more widely used classes of VSDs, electrochromic and FRET dyes, illustrate the problems associated with developing fast and sensi- tive fluorescent VSDs. Electrochromic dyes

Tsien, Roger Y.

185

Fatigue life evaluation of wire bonds in LED packages using numerical analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Reliability of LED packages is evaluated using several tests. When a thermal shock test, which is one of the reliability tests, is conducted, the most common failure mode is wire neck breakage. In order to evaluate the wire bonding reliability of LED packages, performing the thermal shock test is time-consuming. In this paper the wire bonding reliability for LED packages is evaluated by using numerical analysis. A wire bonding lifetime model for the thermal shock test was developed, which is based on Coffin-Manson fatigue law. The model was calibrated from fatigue data of thermal shock tests and volume averaging accumulated plastic strains. The accumulated plastic strains were calculated by using finite element analysis corresponding to the test conditions. The test conditions were changed by silicones, package sizes, wire bonding diameters, heights, and lengths. The calibrated model was used to estimate the number cycle to failure so that the wire bonding reliability for the thermal shock test was evaluated by performing the numerical analysis. Furthermore, we used a response surface methodology to study the relationship between the wire loop and the accumulated plastic strain to determine the optimal wire loop. The plastic strain was a function of diameter, height and length. At the optimal point, the number of cycle to failure for the thermal shock test was suggested using the wire bonding lifetime model.

Sung-Uk Zhang; Bang Weon Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A tool-path generation strategy for wire and arc additive manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm to automatically generate optimal tool-paths for the wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) process for a large class...

Donghong Ding; Zengxi (Stephen) Pan…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated wire tension Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Collection: Physics 82 Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates Summary: maintaining a steady tension on the wires. This weaving procedure...

188

Determination of Wall Thickness and Height when Cutting Various Materials with Wire Electric Discharge Machining Processes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis looks at the capabilities of cutting thin webs on Wire EDM machines that are difficult or impossible to machine using conventional methods. Covered… (more)

Kim, Sangseop 1956-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Determination of Wall Thickness and Height when Cutting Various Materials with Wire Electric Discharge Machining Processes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis looks at the capabilities of cutting thin webs on Wire EDM machines that are difficult or impossible to machine using conventional methods.… (more)

Kim, Sangseop

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Broadband Ground-Plane Cloak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...automated design process. The ground-plane...Maxwell's equations implies that...number of simulations of the metamaterial...cloak-design process and makes...Jacobian matrix {lambda...Jacobian matrix). In our...retrieval process, modified...numerical simulation. A regression...a single Matlab program...Adobe Acrobat PDF format...

R. Liu; C. Ji; J. J. Mock; J. Y. Chin; T. J. Cui; D. R. Smith

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

191

Cooking with Ground Pork (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? 10 minutos, o hasta que las tiras de tortilla est?n suaves. S?rvalo caliente. Adaptado de Commodity Fact Sheet for USDA Household Programs: Frozen Ground Pork (folleto de informaci?n sobre productos preparado para los Programas del Hogar del...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

192

Process uniformity for plasma etchback and desmear in printed wiring board manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

In the manufacture of printed wiring boards (PWB), plasma etchback and desmear processes facilitate the making of good mechanical and electrical bonds of copper inner layers to copper plating. Without sufficient plasma treatment, internal layer copper features receive inadequate polymer removal which results in circuit discontinuity during the plating process. Additionally, the plasma serves to roughen the polymer wall of drilled holes which improves copper adhesion. To ensure proper plasma treatment, careful adherence to strict production guidelines is essential. These guidelines include attention to several critical criteria in placement, pretreatment and treatment of the PWBs during the plasma process; process verification via post plasma testing; and careful process monitoring throughout. In this brief, some guidelines for process monitoring and control will be discussed. A description of a new plasma monitor utilizing optical emission spectroscopy (OES), developed cooperatively between Sandia National Laboratories, National Consortium for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) and Texas Instruments Inc., will be discussed along with possible benefits derived from in situ monitoring of plasma systems.

Ward, P.P.; Smith, M.L.; Stevenson, J.O. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Smedley, R. [Texas Instruments, Austin, TX (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Conjugated "Molecular Wire" for Excitons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conjugated "Molecular Wire" for Excitons Conjugated "Molecular Wire" for Excitons Yuki Shibano, Hiroshi Imahori, Paiboon Sreearunothai, Andrew R. Cook and John R. Miller J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1492-1496 (2010). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: We have synthesized new conjugated, rigid rod oligomers of fluorene, Fn(C60)2, n = 4, 8, 12, and 16. These pure compounds have Fn chains up to 140 Å long. The C60 groups covalently attached at both ends serve as traps for excitons created in the Fn chains. Excitons created in the chains by photoexcitation reacted rapidly with the C60 groups with decays described well by the sum of two exponentials. Mean reaction times were 2.3, 5.5, and 10.4 ps for n = 8, 12, and 16. In F16(C60)2, the 10.4 ps reaction time was 40 times faster than that found in earlier reports on

194

Novel calibration system with sparse wires for CMB polarization receivers  

SciTech Connect

B-modes in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization is a smoking gun signature of the inflationary universe. To achieve better sensitivity to this faint signal, CMB polarization experiments aim to maximize the number of detector elements, resulting in a large focal plane receiver. Detector calibration of the polarization response becomes essential. It is extremely useful to be able to calibrate 'simultaneously' all detectors on the large focal plane. We developed a novel calibration system that rotates a large 'sparse' grid of metal wires, in front of and fully covering the field of view of the focal plane receiver. Polarized radiation is created via the reflection of ambient temperature from the wire surface. Since the detector has a finite beam size, the observed signal is smeared according to the beam property. The resulting smeared polarized radiation has a reasonable intensity (a few Kelvin or less) compared to the sky temperature ({approx}10 K observing condition). The system played a successful role for receiver calibration of QUIET, a CMB polarization experiment located in the Atacama desert in Chile. The successful performance revealed that this system is applicable to other experiments based on different technologies, e.g. TES bolometers.

Tajima, O.; /KEK, Tsukuba /Chicago U., KICP; Nguyen, H.; /Fermilab; Bischoff, C.; /Chicago U., KICP /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Brizius, A.; Buder, I.; Kusaka, A. /Chicago U., KICP

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

D0-EC RTD Wiring Layout (South Calorimter)  

SciTech Connect

The temperature of the South End-Calorimeter of the D-Zero detector is to be monitored by several RTD temperature sensors. The location and other important information pertaining to each individual RTD is included in the following tables, which are grouped by bundle number. There are nine 60 pin port connectors. Each connector corresponds to a bundle of twisted pairs. Twisted pairs, of one of eight colors along with either a black or white wire, run to 10-pin connectors which have a mate on the module or cryostat wall. In general, all 60 pins, or all 10 pins are not used. The color scheme of the wires was deSigned so that all the twisted pairs with white run West from the instrumentation port, and twisted pairs with black run East. This scheme proved to be very successful and efficient during the installation process. After being installed, every RTD connection was checked and their corresponding resistances were recorded by Jerry Blazey. All the ATD's tested successfully, except for 4. The 4 dead RTD's were: Channel 12 on bundle 1, which is located on the back of OH module 7R; Channel 19 on bundle 4, which is located on the back of MH module 5L; Channel 9 on bundle 5, which is located on the IH fine 2-inch strap; and Channel 25 on bundle 7, which is located on the east strongback.

Leibfritz, J.R.; /Fermilab

1991-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

OPTICS 5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OPTICS (Version 5.1.02) OPTICS (Version 5.1.02) Release notes NOTE: See the Optics Knowledge Base for how to run this version of Optics on the Microsoft Vista and Microsoft Windows 7 operating systems March 5, 2003: Release Maintenance Pack 2 New ! January 7, 2003: Release Maintenance Pack 1 October 23, 2002: Release Optics 5.1.01 September 27, 2002: Release Optics 5.1.00 (only released on CDs at NFRC Annual Fall Meeting) Release notes Maintenance Pack 2 Bug fixes: New features: bullet Applied films that were created could not be saved or exported. This has been fixed. bullet Exporting glazing systems generated a message that the operation failed because the glazing system type is unknown. Glazing systems can now be exported to file (e.g. to view the spectral data), but the structure information will be lost.

197

Optical Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic dipole radiation one fourth as intense as electric dipole radiation, as well as a novel nonlinear magneto-optical effect are reported in dielectric media.

Oliveira, Samuel L; Rand, Stephen C

198

Effect of the plasma production rate on the implosion dynamics of cylindrical wire/fiber arrays with a profiled linear mass  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented from experimental studies on the implosion of arrays made of wires and metalized fibers under the action of current pulses with an amplitude of up to 3.5 MA at the Angara-5-1 facility. The effect of the parameters of an additional linear mass of bismuth and gold deposited on the wires/fibers is investigated. It is examined how the material of the wires/fibers and the metal coating deposited on them affect the penetration of the plasma with the frozen-in magnetic field into a cylindrical array. Information on the plasma production rate for different metals is obtained by analyzing optical streak images of imploding arrays. The plasma production rate m-dot{sub m} for cylindrical arrays made of the kapron fibers coated with bismuth is determined. For the initial array radius of R{sub 0} = 1 cm and discharge current of I = 1 MA, the plasma production rate is found to be m-dot{sub m} approx. 0.095 ± 0.015 ?g/(cm{sup 2} ns)

Aleksandrov, V. V.; Mitrofanov, K. N., E-mail: mitrofan@triniti.ru; Gritsuk, A. N.; Frolov, I. N.; Grabovski, E. V.; Laukhin, Ya. N. [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation)] [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing John H. Reif Akitoshi Yoshida July 20, 1999 Abstract We describe and investigate an optical system which we call an optical expander. An optical expander elec- trooptically expands an optical boolean pattern encoded in d bits into an optical

Reif, John H.

200

DESIGN OF WIRE-WRAPPED ROD BUNDLE MATCHED INDEX-OF-REFRACTION EXPERIMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Experiments will be conducted in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Matched Index-of-Refraction (MIR) Flow Facility [1] to characterize the three-dimensional velocity and turbulence fields in a wire-wrapped rod bundle typically employed in liquid-metal cooled fast reactors and to provide benchmark data for computer code validation. Sodium cooled fast reactors are under consideration for use in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program. The experiment model will be constructed of quartz components and the working fluid will be mineral oil. Accurate temperature control (to within 0.05 oC) matches the index-of-refraction of mineral oil with that of quartz and renders the model transparent to the wavelength of laser light employed for optical measurements. The model will be a scaled 7-pin rod bundle enclosed in a hexagonal canister. Flow field measurements will be obtained with a LaVision 3-D particle image velocimeter (PIV) and complimented by near-wall velocity measurements obtained from a 2-D laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV). These measurements will be used as benchmark data for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) validation. The rod bundle model dimensions will be scaled up from the typical dimensions of a fast reactor fuel assembly to provide the maximum Reynolds number achievable in the MIR flow loop. A range of flows from laminar to fully-turbulent will be available with a maximum Reynolds number, based on bundle hydraulic diameter, of approximately 22,000. The fuel pins will be simulated by 85 mm diameter quartz tubes (closed on the inlet ends) and the wire-wrap will be simulated by 25 mm diameter quartz rods. The canister walls will be constructed from quartz plates. The model will be approximately 2.13 m in length. Bundle pressure losses will also be measured and the data recorded for code comparisons. The experiment design and preliminary CFD calculations, which will be used to provide qualitative hydrodynamic information, are presented in this paper.

Hugh McIlroy; Hongbin Zhang; Kurt Hamman

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Detection and quantitative assessment of such intrusive events can be facilitated by magnetic surveys (ground or aerial magnetic field measurements). These surveys are based on the magnetic susceptibility contrast between magmatic rocks at depth and the sedimentary formations above. References Raffaello Nannini (1986) Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_(Nannini,_1986)&oldid=388291

202

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron and neutron diffraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron Received in final form 29 September 2005 ABSTRACT Cold drawing of steel wires leads to an increase proposed that cold drawing would induce a phase transformation of the steel, possibly a martensitic

203

Simulation of Power Grid Networks Considering Wires and Lognormal Leakage Current Variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Power Grid Networks Considering Wires and Lognormal Leakage Current Variations Ning the voltage drop varia- tions of on-chip power grid networks, considering both wire and log-normal leakage of random processes. Different from the existing Hermite PC based method for power grid analysis, which

Fan, Jeffrey

204

Active Scheme to Measure Throughput of Wireless Access Link in Hybrid Wired-Wireless Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, at the wireless The authors are with Networking Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer1 Active Scheme to Measure Throughput of Wireless Access Link in Hybrid Wired-Wireless Network to measure the download throughput of an IEEE 802.11 wireless access link in a hybrid wired-wireless network

Rojas-Cessa, Roberto

205

System Design Considerations for High data Rate Communications Over Multi-wire Overhead Power-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Design Considerations for High data Rate Communications Over Multi-wire Overhead Power communications, multi-wire overhead lines, capacity, OFDM, coding. I. INTRODUCTION The increasing interest, and severe narrowband interference [1]. The channel characteristics of medium voltage overhead power-line

Kavehrad, Mohsen

206

Optical Glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... space of time. In the forefront of such vital industries is the manufacture of optical glass. However great the other resources in men and material may be, it would be ... be, it would be quite impossible to wage successful warfare without adequate supplies of optical glass ior binocular field- ...

1919-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Reduction of interference on substation low voltage wiring  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes test results and mitigation methods of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on control and low voltage circuits in substations caused by air disconnect switch operation. The tests are focused on a comparison between unshielded and shielded circuits from capacitively coupled voltage transformers (CCVT) and other equipment circuits in the vicinity. New test data are presented comparing unshielded and shielded cables and transient currents on all connections to the CCVT including the pedestal and ground strap. The paper gives a practical and understandable explanation of the causes of EMI in substations and how shielded cable and parallel ground conductors reduce interference. Design guidelines are listed in the Conclusion.

Gavazza, R.J. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)] [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Wiggins, C.M. [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)] [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. - 1926.405  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. - 1926.405 Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. - 1926.405 www.OSHA.gov A-Z Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. - 1926.405 Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents * Part Number: 1926 * Part Title: Safety and Health Regulations for Construction * Subpart: K * Subpart Title: Electrical * Standard Number: 1926.405 * Title: Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. 1926.405(a) Wiring methods. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to conductors which form an integral part of equipment such as motors, controllers, motor control centers and like equipment. 1926.405(a)(1) General requirements -

209

A Catalyst Wire-feed Arc Discharge for Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Catalyst Wire-feed Arc Discharge for Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes and A Catalyst Wire-feed Arc Discharge for Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Particles This invention pertains to a highly effective arc-based synthesis of single wall carbon nanotubes and graphene particles using catalysts in the form of wires made from ion group alloys instead of commonly used catalyst powders. The catalyst wire can be introduced into the discharge either from the anode or cathode regions or into the inter-electrode gap. The catalyst introduction can be done automatically and controlled using feedback based on the ablation of the graphite electrode. To maintain simplicity and attractiveness for industrial applications, it is desirable that the catalyst composition be contained in a single wire alloy. No.: M-808 Inventor(s): Yevgeny Raitses

210

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: (0473-1597) Smart Wire Grid, Inc. -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

97) Smart Wire Grid, Inc. - 97) Smart Wire Grid, Inc. - Distributed Power Flow Contro l Using Smart Wires for Energy Routing Program or Field Office: Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy Location(s) (City/County/State): California, Missouri, North Carolina, Georgia, Wash ington, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Funding will support development of a Smart Wire System Controller and an energy router software to enable distributed agents to coordinate with the control center, improve power flow control, and take advantage of unused capacity within the existing transmission system. In addition, the power controller will enable grid operators to optimize transmission assets to fully integrate variable renewable energy sources. Proposed work consists of (1) designing, developing, testing, and optimizing the Smart Wire System Controller to meet utility specifications; (2)

211

Microsoft Word - Final Private Wires Study 1-12-09clean .doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Pursuant to Section 1308 of The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Navigant Consulting, Inc. Suite 500 1801 K Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 202.481.7534 www.navigantconsulting.com January 12, 2009 Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities Page i STATUTORY REQUIREMENT Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 SEC. 1308. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES.

212

Microsoft Word - Final Private Wires Report 10-19-09.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Pursuant to Section 1308 of The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 January 12, 2009 Report of Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on Development of Combined Heat and Power Facilities Page 1 Section 1308 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ("EISA 2007") directed the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the States, to undertake a study of the laws affecting the siting of privately-owned distribution wires on or across public rights of way and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine

213

Effects of the roughness characteristics on the wire tool surface for the electrical discharge machining properties  

SciTech Connect

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been investigated to obtain the better discharge machining properties of the removal rate and the surface roughness in a few decades. Recently, it revealed that the rough tool electrodes can improve the WEDM properties for some sort of materials. In this study, the rough wire electrodes using a wet blasting method was developed and evaluated the machining performance for the insulated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in the WEDM processes. As the results, it could not recognize the advantage of roughness wire electrode under the high-energy condition, but it found that the electro-conductive layer thickness became thinner in comparison with those of normal wires. On the contrary, it could be obtained the better surface roughness in the low energy condition. It was supposed that the roughed wire surface generates the homogeneous dispersion discharges on the workpiece.

Fukuzawa, Yasushi; Yamashita, Masahide; Mamuro, Hiroaki; Yamashita, Ken [Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188 (Japan); Ogata, Masayoshi [Macoho Co., Ltd. 525 Kanawa, Isurugi-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2032 JAPAN (Japan)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

214

Enhanced heat transfer using wire-coil inserts for high-heat-load applications.  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced heat-transfer techniques, used to significantly reduce temperatures and thermally induced stresses on beam-strike surfaces, are routinely used at the APS in all critical high-heat-load components. A new heat-transfer enhancement technique being evaluated at the APS involving the use of wire-coil inserts proves to be superior to previously employed techniques. Wire coils, similar in appearance to a common spring, are fabricated from solid wire to precise tolerances to mechanically fit inside standard 0.375-in-diameter cooling channels. In this study, a matrix of wire coils, fabricated with a series of different pitches from several different wire diameters, has been tested for heat-transfer performance and resulting pressure loss. This paper reviews the experimental data and the analytical calculations, compares the data with existing correlations, and interprets the results for APS front-end high-heat-load components.

Collins, J. T.; Conley, C. M.; Attig, J. N.; Baehl, M. M.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

Evaluation of a 6-wire thermocouple psychrometer for determination of in-situ water potentials  

SciTech Connect

A 6-wire, Peltier-type thermocouple psychrometer was designed and evaluated by the U.S. Geological Survey for monitoring in-situ water potentials in dry-drilled boreholes in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada. The psychrometer consists of a wet-bulb, chromel-constantan, sensing junction and a separate dry-bulb, copper-constantan, reference junction. Two additional reference junctions are formed where the chromel and constantan wires of the wet-bulb sensing junction are soldered to separate, paired, copper, lead wires. In contrast, in the standard 3-wire thermocouple psychrometer, both the wet bulb and dry bulb share a common wire. The new design has resulted in a psychrometer that has an expanded range and greater reliability, sensitivity, and accuracy compared to the standard model.

Loskot, C.L.; Rousseau, J.P. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Kurzmack, M.A. [Foothill Engineering Consultants, Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Nuclear reactor fuel structure containing uranium alloy wires embedded in a metallic matrix plate  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear fuel-containing plate structure for a nuclear reactor is described; such structure comprising a pair of malleable metallic non-fissionable matrix plates having confronting surfaces which are pressure bonded together and fully united to form a bonded surface, and elongated malleable wire-like fissionable fuel members separately confined and fully enclosed between the matrix plates along the interface to afford a high fuel density as well as structural integrity and effective retention of fission products. The plates have separate recesses formed in the confronting surfaces for closely receiving the wire-like fissionable fuel members. The wire-like fissionable fuel members are made of a maleable uranium alloy capable of being formed into elongated wire-like members and capable of withstanding pressure bonding. The wire-like fissionable fuel members are completely separated and isolated by fully united portions of the interface.

Travelli, A.

1988-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

217

X-ray power increase from symmetrized wire-array z-pinch implosions  

SciTech Connect

A systematic experimental study of annular aluminum-wire z-pinches on the Saturn accelerator shows that, for the first time, the measured spatial characteristics and x-ray powers can approach those of two-dimensional, radiation-magneto-hydrodynamic simulations when large numbers of wires are used. Calculations show that the implosion begins to transition from that of individual plasma wires to that of a continuous plasma shell, when the circumferential gap between wires in the array is reduced below 1.4+1.3/-0.7 mm. This calculated gap coincides with the measured transition of 1.4 {+-}0.4 mm between the observed regimes of slow and rapid improvement in power output with decreasing gap. In the plasma shell regime, x-ray powers in excess of a factor of three over that generated in the plasma-wire region are measured.

Sanford, T.W.L.; Allshouse, G.O.; Marder, B.M. [and others

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Design study for wire and arc additive manufacture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive Manufacture (AM) is a technique whereby freeform structures are produced by building up material in a layer by layer fashion. Among the different AM processes, Wire and Arc Additive Manufacture (WAAM) has the ability to manufacture large custom-made metal workpiece with high efficiency. A design study has been performed to explore the process capabilities of fabricating complicated geometries using WAAM. Features such as enclosed structures, crossing structures, and balanced building structures have been investigated in this study. Finite Element (FE) models are employed to take the thermo-mechanical performance into account. Robot tool path design has been performed to transfer the WAAM component designs into real components efficiently. This paper covers these essential design steps from a technical as well as practical point of view.

Jörn Mehnen; Jialuo Ding; Helen Lockett; Panos Kazanas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Multifilamentary Nb-Hf/Cu-Sn-Ga composite wires  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the procedure for the simultaneous addition of hafnium to the core and gallium to the matrix of the composite-processed multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors and the effect of this addition on the high-field superconducting properties of the alloy. Specifications for the samples are given; a four-probe resistive method was used to measure their critical temperature and critical current. The strain dependence of the critical current was measured using an apparatus designed to apply a tensile strain, a current, and a perpendicular magnetic field at the same time to short wire samples at 4.2 K. Metallographic studies demonstrated that niobium-hafnium cores with hafnium content up to 5 at .% showed good workability. The simultaneous addition of hafnium to the core and gallium to the matrix increased the critical temperature by 0.4 to 0.6 K and also significantly improved the critical current density in high fields.

Kamata, K.; Alhara, K.; Sekine, H.; Tachikawa, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Comparing the Feasibility of Cutting Thin-Walled Sections from Five Commonly Used Metals Utilizing Wire Electric Discharge Machining.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wire Electric Discharge Machining (wire-EDM) is a non-traditional machining process. Controlled electric sparks are successively used to vaporize part of a workpiece along a programmed… (more)

Stephenson, Richard C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

V-1 TRANSITION AND N-VALUE OF MULTIFILAMENTARY LTS AND HTS WIRES AND CABLES.  

SciTech Connect

For low T, multifilamentary conductors like NbTi and Nb{sub 3}Sn, the V-I transition to the normal state is typically quantified by the parameter, n, defined by ({rho}/{rho}{sub c})= (I/I{sub c}){sup n}. For NbTi, this parameterization has been very useful in the development of high Jc wires, where the n-value is regarded as an index of the filament quality. In copper-matrix wires with undistorted filaments, the n-value at 5T is {approx} 40-60, and drops monotonically with increasing field. However, n can vary significantly in conductors with higher resistivity matrices and those with a low copper fraction. Usually high n-values are associated with unstable resistive behavior and premature quenching. The n-value in NbTi Rutherford cables, when compared to that in the wires is useful in evaluating cabling degradation of the critical current due to compaction at the edges of the cable. In Nb{sub 3}Sn wires, n-value has been a less useful tool, since often the resistive transition shows small voltages {approx} a few {mu}V prior to quenching. However, in ''well behaved'' wires, n is {approx} 30-40 at 12T and also shows a monotonic behavior with field. Strain induced I{sub c} degradation in these wires is usually associated with lower n-values. For high T{sub c} multifilamentary wires and tapes, a similar power law often describes the resistive transition. At 4.2K, Bi-2223 tapes as well as Bi-2212 wires exhibit n-values {approx} 15-20. In either case, n does not change appreciably with field. Rutherford cables of Bi-2212 wire show lower values of n than the virgin wire.

GHOSH,A.K.

2003-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

222

Worldwide Occurrences of Arsenic in Ground Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...decision-making process of water managers, remediation specialists, and...The geologic and ground-water conditions that promote...water managers, remediation specialists, and...The geologic and ground-water conditions that promote...

D. Kirk Nordstrom

2002-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

223

Montana Ground Water Assessment Act (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute establishes a program to systematically assess and monitor the state's ground water and to disseminate the information to interested persons in order to improve the quality of ground...

224

Warm or Steaming Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm or Steaming Ground Warm or Steaming Ground Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Warm or Steaming Ground Dictionary.png Warm or Steaming Ground: An area where geothermal heat is conducted to the earth's surface, warming the ground and sometimes causing steam to form when water is present. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Modern Geothermal Features Typical list of modern geothermal features Hot Springs Fumaroles Warm or Steaming Ground Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Geysers Blind Geothermal System Steam rising from the ground at Eldvorp, a 10 km row of craters, in Southwestern Iceland. http://www.visiticeland.com/SearchResults/Attraction/eldvorp Warm or steaming ground is often an indicator of a geothermal system beneath the surface. In some cases a geothermal system may not show any

225

Fiber optic coupled optical sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A displacement sensor includes a first optical fiber for radiating light to a target, and a second optical fiber for receiving light from the target. The end of the first fiber is adjacent and not axially aligned with the second fiber end. A lens focuses light from the first fiber onto the target and light from the target onto the second fiber.

Fleming, Kevin J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below are the project presentations and respective peer review results for Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Projects.

227

Ground Source Heat Pump Subprogram Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This overview of GTP's Ground Source Heat Pump subprogram was given at GTP's Program Peer Review on May 18, 2010.

228

North Village Ground Source Heat Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview: Installation of Ground Source Heat Pumps. Replacement of Aging Heat Pumps. Alignment with Furmans Sustainability Goals.

229

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schršodinger equation including subcritical encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercrit- ical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We study) = ei g(s), R. (1.4) The equation has important applications in statistical physics, optics and water

230

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schrodinger equation including subcritical cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotic stability of ground states in 2D nonlinear Schršodinger equation including subcritical general encompassing for the first time both subcritical and supercritical (in L2 ) nonlinearities. We physics, optics and water waves. For g(s) = s3 , it describes certain limiting behavior of Bose

Zarnescu, Arghir Dani

231

Stability of ice-sheet grounding lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...81 73 Stability of ice-sheet grounding lines Richard F. Katz 1 * M. Grae Worster 2...ice sheets are sensitive to grounding-line position and variation, characteristics...models. We present a theory for grounding-line dynamics in three spatial dimensions and...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Nonlinear optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicolaas Bloembergen, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics (1981), wrote Nonlinear Optics in 1964, when the field of nonlinear optics was only three years old. The available literature has since grown by at least three orders of magnitude.The vitality of Nonlinear Optics is evident from the still-growing number of scientists and engineers engaged in the study of new nonlinear phenomena and in the development of new nonlinear devices in the field of opto-electronics. This monograph should be helpful in providing a historical introduction and a general background of basic ideas both for expe

Bloembergen, Nicolaas

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility--part I: metallography and finite element analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility--part I: metallography form 29 September 2005 ABSTRACT Cold drawing steel wires lead to an increase of their mechanical that, though the steel wires are plastically deformed up to strain levels as high as 3.5, a significant

234

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Expanders with Applications in Optical Computing John H. Reif \\Lambda Akitoshi Yoshida \\Lambda July 20, 1999 Abstract We describe and investigate an optical system which we call an optical expander. An optical expander elec­ trooptically expands an optical boolean pattern encoded in d bits

Reif, John H.

235

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding 1 ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note November 22 mostly connects existing mechanical electrical conductive #12; Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding 2 that equivalent. The barrel outer heat shield (150 aluminum) main element shield. #12; Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding

California at Santa Cruz, University of

236

Correlating Electronic Transport to Atomic Structures in Self-Assembled Quantum Wires  

SciTech Connect

Quantum wires, as a smallest electronic conductor, are expected to be a fundamental component in all quantum architectures. The electronic conductance in quantum wires, however, is often dictated by structural instabilities and electron localization at the atomic scale. Here we report on the evolutions of electronic transport as a function of temperature and interwire coupling as the quantum wires of GdSi{sub 2} are self-assembled on Si(100) wire-by-wire. The correlation between structure, electronic properties, and electronic transport are examined by combining nanotransport measurements, scanning tunneling microscopy, and density functional theory calculations. A metal-insulator transition is revealed in isolated nanowires, while a robust metallic state is obtained in wire bundles at low temperature. The atomic defects lead to electron localizations in isolated nanowire, and interwire coupling stabilizes the structure and promotes the metallic states in wire bundles. This illustrates how the conductance nature of a one-dimensional system can be dramatically modified by the environmental change on the atomic scale.

Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Qin, Shengyong [ORNL; Kim, Tae Hwan [ORNL; Ouyang, Wenjie [University of California, Irvine; Zhang, Yanning [University of California, Irvine; Weitering, Harm H [ORNL; Shih, Chih-Kang [University of Texas, Austin; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL; Wu, Ruiqian [University of California, Irvine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Engine ground demonstration test approach  

SciTech Connect

The hardware portion of the current phase of the Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) program culminates in a system ground demonstration test. The potential application of ISUS technology to a wide array of future missions complicates the process of selecting from among demonstration system design options and test approaches. The approach to this system demonstration has been to maximize system technology readiness level for the entire array of potential missions within the constraints of the program. To this end, system design and test operations planning has been carried out with a premium on demonstrating those elements of the system common to all missions. In addition, test planning has been managed to allow margin for testing those portions of the system envelope needed to confirm acceptable operation for scenarios within the mission set that are specific to a given mission or mission type. Examples drawn from the specific Engine Ground Demonstration (EGD) design selections are used to illuminate this approach, with the result that the EGD system design is not only described, but the reasons for its particular characteristics are made evident.

Kudija, C.T. [Rockwell Aerospace, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Effect of Radial-Electric-Field Polarity on Wire-Array Z-Pinch Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The formation of plasma in wire-array Z-pinch experiments was found to depend upon the polarity of the radial-electric field near the wires. Reversing the radial-electric field midway along the length of an array resulted in the ablation rate of one-half of the array being reduced by 50%, significantly delaying the start of its implosion and altering its acceleration towards the axis. The observed phenomena cannot be explained by the standard magnetohydrodynamic models of array behavior, suggesting that effects such as electron emission may be important, especially during wire initiation.

Bland, S.N.; Lebedev, S.V.; Chittenden, J.P.; Ampleford, D.J.; Bott, S.C.; Haines, M.G.; Hall, G.N.; Palmer, J.B.A. [Imperial College, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Gomez, J.A.; Mitchell, I.H. [Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Avenida Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Santiago (Chile); Hammer, D.A. [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York (United States)

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

239

Wire number doubling in plasma-shell regime increases z-accelerator x-ray power  

SciTech Connect

Doubling the number of tungsten wires from 120 to 240, keeping the mass fixed, increased the radiated x-ray power relative to the electrical power at the insulator stack of the z accelerator by (40{+-}20)% for 8.75- and 20-mm-radii z-pinch wire arrays. Radiation-magneto-hydrodynamic calculations suggest that the arrays were operating in the {open_quotes}plasma shell{close_quotes} regime, where the plasmas generated by the individual wires merge prior to the inward implosion of the entire array.

Sanford, T.W.L.; Spielman, R.B.; Chandler, G.A. [and others

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Ubiquity of chaotic magnetic-field lines generated by three-dimensionally crossed wires in modern electric circuits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate simple three-dimensionally crossed wires carrying electric currents which generate chaotic magnetic-field lines (CMFLs). As such wire systems, cross-ring and perturbed parallel-ring wires are studied, since topologically equivalent configurations to these systems can often be found in contemporary electric and integrated circuits. For realistic fundamental wire configurations, the conditions for wire dimensions (size) and current values to generate CMFLs are numerically explored under the presence of the weak but inevitable geomagnetic field. As a result, it is concluded that CMFLs can exist everywhere; i.e., they are ubiquitous in the modern technological world.

M. Hosoda; T. Miyaguchi; K. Imagawa; K. Nakamura

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Direct and indirect capture of carriers into the lasing ground state and the light-current characteristic of quantum dot lasers  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the light-current characteristic (LCC) of a quantum dot (QD) laser under the conditions of both direct and indirect capture of carriers from the optical confinement layer into the lasing ground state in QDs. We show that direct capture is a dominant process determining the ground-state LCC. Only when direct capture is slow, the role of indirect capture (capture into the QD excited state and subsequent intradot relaxation to the ground state) becomes important.

Wu, Yuchang, E-mail: yuchangw@vt.edu; Asryan, Levon V., E-mail: asryan@vt.edu [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

242

Fabrication of superconducting wire using organometallic precursors and infiltration  

SciTech Connect

Organometallic precursors from naphthenic acid and metal nitrates were used for the synthesis of YBCO oxide superconducting compounds. The characteristics of metal naphthenates as organometallic precursors were investigated by IR spectra, viscosity measurements, and infiltration. 123 superconducting compound obtained from 123 naphthenate showed a Tc of 90{degree}K and a rather dense and elongated microstructure. Also, the melting behavior of Ba-cuprates which were used for 123 making was studied. A low-temperature melting process was developed to fabricate silver-sheathed superconducting wire with the powder-in-tube method; flowing argon gas is introduced to the system at 930-945{degree}C to reduce the melting temperature of the 123 compound without silver sheath melting. It resulted in a 90{degree}K Tc superconducting core with dense and locally aligned microstructure. SEM-EDS and XRD analysis, 4-probe resistance and Jc measurements, and carbon-content determinations were carried out to characterize the microstructure, grain alignment, and superconducting properties of the samples.

Lee, Y.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Surfactants for ground water remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ground water contamination is a most intractable form of pollution. Spilled solvent or fuel liquids are trapped below the water table by colloidal forces. Surfactants may be used to dramatically improve contaminated aquifer remediation rates. Principal remediation mechanisms include micellar solubilization and mobilization of the trapped liquids by lowering of the oil/water interfacial tension. Surfactant selection is a key to the successful design of a remediation effort, and involves consideration of factors including Krafft Point, surfactant adsorption onto the aquifer solids, and the phase behavior of the oil/water/surfactant system. Successful field demonstrations have occurred in recent months and the technology is moving rapidly toward commercialization. Critical research issues remain including acceptable clean-up levels, surfactant/contaminant in situ biodegradation rates, and surfactant decontamination and reuse.

Jeffrey H. Harwell; David A. Sabatini; R.C. Knox

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Section 1308 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ("EISA 2007") directed the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the States, to undertake a study of the laws affecting the siting of privately-owned distribution wires on or across public rights of way and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact utility operations, costs or reliability, or impact utility customers. The study is also to consider whether changing the laws would

245

Research on a Post-Frame Burley Tobacco Curing Structure for Wire-Frame Racks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this research is to develop a post-frame structure to utilize wire-frame racks in the curing of burley tobacco in non-traditional growing areas.… (more)

Long, John Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Experimental evaluation of wire mesh for design as a bearing damper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wire mesh vibration dampers have been the subject of some very encouraging experiments at the Texas A&M Turbomachinery laboratories for the past several years and have emerged as an excellent replacement for squeeze film dampers. Their capability...

Choudhry, Vivek Vaibhav

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

LHC magnet quench test with beam loss generated by wire scan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beam losses with millisecond duration have been observed in the LHC in 2010 and 2011. They are thought to be provoked by dust particles falling into the beam. These losses could compromise the LHC availability if they provoke quenches of superconducting magnets. In order to investigate the quench limits for this loss mechanism, a quench test using a wire scanner has been performed, with the wire movement through the beam mimicking a loss with similar spatial and temporal distribution as in the case of dust particles. This paper will show the conclusions reached for millisecond-duration dust-provoked quench limits. It will include details on the maximum energy deposited in the coil as estimated using FLUKA code, showing a reasonable agreement with quench limit estimated from the heat transfer code QP3. In addition, information on the damage limit for carbon wires in proton beamswill be presented, following electronmicroscope analysis which revealed strong wire sublimation.

Sapinski, M; Dahlerup-Petersen, K; Dehning, B; Emery, j; Ferrari, A; Guerrero, A; Holzer, E B; Koujili, M; Lechner, A; Nebot, E; Scheubel, M; Steckert, J; Verweij, A; Wenninger, J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

We Energies- Livestock and Dairy Farm Electrical Re-wiring Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Any We Energies dairy farm customer can apply for assistance with a re-wiring project. We Energies would pay the first $1,000 of the project and 50 percent of remaining costs up to a total grant of...

249

DAMAGE DETECTION METHODS ON WIND TURBINE BLADE TESTING WITH WIRED AND WIRELESS ACCELEROMETER SENSORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DAMAGE DETECTION METHODS ON WIND TURBINE BLADE TESTING WITH WIRED AND WIRELESS ACCELEROMETER for nonstationary blade excitations. KEYWORDS : Structural Health Monitoring, Damage Detection, Wind Turbine, Wireless sensing, Wavelets. INTRODUCTION Detecting damage in wind turbine blades is a very

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic gold wires Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

following pages. Draw your own conclusions. 1 12; Figure 1: 0.0008 00 gold-plated tungsten wire from... Thermionic Products. Figure 2: 0.0008 00 ... Source: McDonald, Kirk -...

251

MagLab - The Magnetic Field Around a Wire Tutorial (I)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Magnetic Field Around a Wire, I This is a Java tutorial, which requires that you have Java, a free software, installed on your computer. It works best if you have the latest...

252

MagLab - Magnetic Field Lines Around a Wire Tutorial (II)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Field Lines Around a Wire, II This is a Java tutorial, which requires that you have Java, a free software, installed on your computer. It works best if you have the latest...

253

Nonequilibrium transport through quantum-wire junctions and boundary defects for free massless bosonic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a model of quantum-wire junctions where the latter are described by conformal-invariant boundary conditions of the simplest type in the multicomponent compactified massless scalar free field theory representing the bosonized Luttinger liquids in the bulk of wires. The boundary conditions result in the scattering of charges across the junction with nontrivial reflection and transmission amplitudes. The equilibrium state of such a system, corresponding to inverse temperature $\\beta$ and electric potential $V$, is explicitly constructed both for finite and for semi-infinite wires. In the latter case, a stationary nonequilibrium state describing the wires kept at different temperatures and potentials may be also constructed. The main result of the present paper is the calculation of the full counting statistics (FCS) of the charge and energy transfers through the junction in a nonequilibrium situation. Explicit expressions are worked out for the generating function of FCS and its large-deviations asym...

Gaw?dzki, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Water/Wastewater Treatment Plant Field Device Wiring Method Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The choice of field device wiring method for water and wastewater treatment plant design is extremely complex and contains many variables. The choice not only affects short-term startup and equipment costs, but also long-term operations...

Dicus, Scott C.

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

255

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE Section 1308 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ("EISA 2007") directed the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the States, to undertake a study of the laws affecting the siting of privately-owned distribution wires on or across public rights of way and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact utility operations, costs or reliability, or impact utility customers. The study is also to consider whether a change in those laws

256

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIES Section 1308 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ("EISA 2007") directed the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the States, to undertake a study of the laws affecting the siting of privately-owned distribution wires on or across public rights of way and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact utility operations, costs or reliability, or impact utility customers. The study is also to consider whether changing the laws would

257

Development and introduction of wire for engine valve springs in VAZ  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Valve springs (inner and outer) are critical parts of a car and therefore should meet stringent requirements with respect to their endurance and elastic properties. Results of work on introducing wire for valv...

V. G. Azizbekyan; R. M. Gaizullin; M. D. Kopyl…

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Experimental examination of wire mesh dampers subjected to large amplitude displacements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interference, the wire mesh would deform and expand in the axial direction making a baseline measurement necesary. To increase the axial interference, the bolts holding the axial cap were tightened. The distance was checked with a caliper to ensure equal... Turbo-pump Rotordynamic Instability Problem,? Journal of Engineering for Power, 100(1), pp. 48-57 [2] Hara, Fumio, 1992, ?Characteristics of Stel Wire Mesh Friction Damping,? ASME Presure Vesels and Piping Division, 229, pp. 155-161. [3] Burshid, S...

Jones, Adam Matthew

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

259

Heat Transfer -2 A long copper wire is used to carry an electric current and has an electrical resistance of 0.4 ohm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Transfer - 2 A long copper wire is used to carry an electric current and has an electrical the electrical heat generation per length of wire (W/m) when current is 170 A. c) (10 pts) Find the steady state temperature of the wire for b). d) (10 pts) Find the electrical heat generation per length of wire (W/m) when

Virginia Tech

260

A Study of undulator magnets characterization using the Vibrating Wire technique  

SciTech Connect

The vibrating wire (VW) technique employs a stretched wire as a magnetic field sensor. Because of the wire's small diameter ({approx}0.1mm or smaller) and because the wire can be supported from outside the magnet, this technique is very appealing for field measurements in small gap/bore undulators with small good field regions and with limited access to the tested field. In addition, in the case of elliptical undulators in which Hall probe (HP) measurements can be affected by the planar Hall effect, VW technique can be used as an independent method to verify and supplement HP measurements. In this article we studied the potential of the VW technique for measurement of magnetic field errors and for prediction of beam trajectories in undulator magnets using a 3.8m long LCLS undulator as a test bench. Introducing calibrated magnetic field distortion at various locations, we measured the sensitivity and spatial resolution of the method. The method demonstrated 0.9mm spatial resolution at a distance up to a few meters and 0.37Gcm sensitivity to the field integral. To compare Hall probe and Vibrating wire measurements side-by-side, we measured field errors in an LCLS undulator previously characterized by Hall probe measurements. The field errors found with the Vibrating Wire technique appeared to be in good agreement with errors measured with the Hall probe. Beam trajectory distortions calculated from both data sets are also in a good agreement.

Temnykh, Alexander; /Cornell U., LEPP; Levashov, Yurii; Wolf, Zachary; /SLAC; ,

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques (Redirected from Ground Electromagnetic Methods) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

262

Earth resistivity measurement near substation ground grids  

SciTech Connect

Proper substation grounding grid design requires good, accurate soil resistivity measurements. This data is essential to model the substation ground grid to design a safe ground grid with a satisfactory ground grid resistance at minimum cost. For substations with several decades of service, there is some concern that a grid may have deteriorated, been damaged during equipment installation or excavation, or that initial soil resistivity measurements were lost or may not have been correctly performed. Ground grid conductors change the substation surface voltage distribution. Any voltage measurements taken at the complete substation will also vary from the tests made without conductors present. During testing, current was injected in the soil by probes placed near the ground grid. The current tends to follow the ground grid conductors since copper is a far better conductor than the soil it is placed in. Resistance readings near grids will be lower than readings in undisturbed soil. Since computer models were unavailable for many years, analyzing the effect of the grid conductors on soil resistivity measurements was very difficult. As a result, soil resistivity measurements made close to substations were of little use to the engineer unless some means of correcting the measured values could be developed. This paper will present results of soil resistivity measurements near a substation ground grid before and after a ground grid has been installed and describes a means of calculating the undisturbed soil model.

Lodwig, S.G.; Mateja, S.A. [ComEd, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Design of AC substation grounding system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose for this paper is to understand the basic foundation used to safely design a substation grounding system for AC systems. The following criteria… (more)

Meas, Ra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

118-K-1 Burial Ground - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Receiving and Processing Facility Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility Waste Treatment Plant 118-K-1 Burial Ground Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase...

265

White House budget to ground SOFIA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in to make up the difference, the cuts would ground the aeroplane, a modified Boeing 747 that carries a 2.5-metre telescope. ...

Alexandra Witze

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

266

Surface states and conductivity of silicon nano-wires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transport characteristics of low dimensional semiconductors like silicon nano-wires (SiNWs) rarely conform to expectations from geometry and dopant density exhibiting significant variations as a function of different surface terminations/conditions. The association of these mechanisms with surface states and their exact influence on practical SiNW devices still remains largely unclear. Herein we report on the influence of surface state charge distributions on SiNW transport characteristics. For this study p-type SiNW devices with widths of 50 100 and 2000?nm are fabricated from 25 50 and 200?nm-thick SOI wafers. A ?five order difference in effective carrier concentration was observed in the initial SiNWs characteristics when comparing SiNWs fabricated with and without a thermal oxide. The removal of the surface oxide by a hydrogen fluoride (HF) treatment results in a SiNW conductance drop up to ?six orders of magnitude. This effect is from a surface depletion of holes in the SiNW induced by positive surface charges deposited as a result of the HF treatment. However it is observed that this charge density is transient and is dissipated with the re-growth of an oxide layer. In summary the SiNW conductance is shown to vary by several orders of magnitude while comparing its characteristics for the three most studied surface conditions: with a native oxide thermal oxide and HF induced H-terminations. These results emphasize the necessity to interpret the transport characteristics of SiNWs with respect to its surface condition during future investigations pertaining to the physical properties of SiNWs like its piezo-resistance. As a sequel prospects for efficiently sensing an elementary reduction/oxidation chemical process by monitoring the variation of SiNW surface potential or in practice the SiNW conductance is demonstrated.

Thomas Pardoen; Jean-Pierre Raskin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Hydraulic pump with in-ground filtration and monitoring capability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydraulically operated pump is described for in-ground filtering and monitoring of wells or other fluid sources, including a hollow cylindrical pump housing with an inlet and an outlet, filtering devices positioned in the inlet and the outlet, a piston that fits slidably within the pump housing, and an optical cell in fluid communication with the pump housing. A conduit within the piston allows fluid communication between the exterior and one end of the piston. A pair of O-rings form a seal between the inside of the pump housing and the exterior of the piston. A flow valve positioned within the piston inside the conduit allows fluid to flow in a single direction. In operation, fluid enters the pump housing through the inlet, flows through the conduit and towards an end of the pump housing. The piston then makes a downward stroke closing the valve, thus forcing the fluid out from the pump housing into the optical cell, which then takes spectrophotometric measurements of the fluid. A spring helps return the piston back to its starting position, so that a new supply of fluid may enter the pump housing and the downward stroke can begin again. The pump may be used independently of the optical cell, as a sample pump to transport a sample fluid from a source to a container for later analysis.

Hopkins, C.D.; Livingston, R.R.; Toole, W.R. Jr.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Atomic, Molecular & Optical Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences The goal of the program is to understand the structure and dynamics of atoms and molecules using photons and ions as probes. The current program is focussed on studying inner-shell photo-ionization and photo-excitation of atoms and molecules, molecular orientation effects in slow collisions, slowing and cooling molecules, and X-ray photo-excitation of laser-dressed atoms. The experimental and theoretical efforts are designed to break new ground and to provide basic knowledge that is central to the programmatic goals of the Department of Energy (DOE). Unique LBNL facilities such as the Advanced Light Source (ALS), the ECR ion sources at the 88-inch cyclotron, and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) are

269

Optical Abelian Lattice Gauge Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a general framework for the realization of a family of abelian lattice gauge theories, i.e., link models or gauge magnets, in optical lattices. We analyze the properties of these models that make them suitable to quantum simulations. Within this class, we study in detail the phases of a U(1)-invariant lattice gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions originally proposed by Orland. By using exact diagonalization, we extract the low-energy states for small lattices, up to 4x4. We confirm that the model has two phases, with the confined entangled one characterized by strings wrapping around the whole lattice. We explain how to study larger lattices by using either tensor network techniques or digital quantum simulations with Rydberg atoms loaded in optical lattices where we discuss in detail a protocol for the preparation of the ground state. We also comment on the relation between standard compact U(1) LGT and the model considered.

L. Tagliacozzo; A. Celi; A. Zamora; M. Lewenstein

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

270

Towards a unified x-by-wire solution with HUMS, HM & TTP: Lessons learned in implementing it to a drive-by-wire vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for alternatively powered vehicles such as hybrids and electric vehicles require additional real-time control due it to a drive-by-wire vehicle John Melentis Elias Stipidis Periklis Charchalakis Falah Ali Vetronics Research capability for vehicles. TTP is a safety-critical network, designed specifically to meet requirements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

271

Ground water contamination in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...volume of ground water in storage exceeds the vol-ume...geo-thermal water; intruded seawater; water affected by evapotranspiration...pressure and the volume in storage may fluctuate according...Estimates of ground water in storage in the United States...communities have over-pumped their freshwater aquifers...

VI Pye; R Patrick

1983-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ground Turkey and Potato Plate Ingredients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground Turkey and Potato Plate Ingredients: 1 onion 1/2 pound ground turkey 1 cup ketchup, low sodium 4 medium potatoes 4 ounces cheddar cheese, low-fat Directions 1. Cut the ends off of the onion. Meanwhile pierce potatoes in several places with fork. Place on baking dish in microwave oven. Microwave

Liskiewicz, Maciej

273

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also connected to surface waters, and maintains the flow of rivers and streams and the level of wetlands- tion of those along Lake Michigan, most communi- ties, farms and industries still rely on ground water

Saldin, Dilano

274

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Line up of optics after cleaning. Photo Number: 2013-048779...

275

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

276

Little Climates -- Weather Just Above The Ground  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather Just Above The Ground Weather Just Above The Ground Nature Bulletin No. 481-A February 17, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W, Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LITTLE CLIMATES -- Weather Just Above the Ground In a previous bulletin we talked about little climates, underground, resulting from weather conditions in the soil. Just above the ground there is another "little climate" equally important. We frequently see evidences of it without realizing how and why they were produced. Just above the earth, there lies a narrow layer of changeable weather that is affected at both surfaces by its mighty neighbors: the land below and the restless air in the atmosphere above it. Under the spell of gravity, it clings to the ground in spite of all but the swiftest winds. In this layer there are special weather conditions overlooked by nearly everyone.

277

Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Source Heat Pumps Ground Source Heat Pumps (Redirected from Geothermal Heat Pumps) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Ground Source Heat Pumps Geothermal Technologies There are many types of Geothermal Technologies that take advantage of the earth's heat: Hydrothermal Systems Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Sedimentary Geothermal Systems Co-Produced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Direct Use Ground Source Heat Pumps GSHP Links Related documents and websites An Information Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump Owner List of Heat Pumps Incentives List of Ground Source Heat Pumps Incentives Policy Makers' Guidebook for Geothermal Heating and Cooling Various ways to configure a geothermal heat pump system. (Source: The Geo-Heat Center's Survival Kit for the Prospective Geothemral Heat Pump

278

Insulation and Heat Treatment of Bi-2212 Wire for Wind-and-React Coils  

SciTech Connect

Higher Field Magnets demand higher field materials such as Bi-2212 round superconducting wire. The Bi-2212 wire manufacture process depends on the coil fabrication method and wire insulation material. Considering the wind-and-react method, the coil must unifirmly heated to the melt temperature and uniformly cooled to the solidification temperature. During heat treat cycle for tightly wound coils, the leakage melt from conductor can chemically react with insulation on the conductor and creat short turns in the coils. In this research project, conductor, insulation, and coils are made to systemically study the suitable insulation materials, coil fabrication method, and heat treatment cycles. In this phase I study, 800 meters Bi-2212 wire with 3 different insulation materials have been produced. Best insulation material has been identified after testing six small coils for insulation integrity and critical current at 4.2 K. Four larger coils (2" dia) have been also made with Bi-2212 wrapped with best insulation and with different heattreatment cycle. These coils were tested for Ic in a 6T background field and at 4.2 K. The test result shows that Ic from 4 coils are very close to short samples (1 meter) result. It demonstrates that HTS coils can be made with Bi-2212 wire with best insulation consistently. Better wire insulation, improving coil winding technique, and wire manufacture process can be used for a wide range of high field magnet application including acclerators such as Muon Collider, fusion energy research, NMR spectroscopy, MRI, and other industrial magnets.

Peter K. F. Hwang

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

Scintillation counter and wire chamber front end modules for high energy physics experiments  

SciTech Connect

This document describes two front-end modules developed for the proposed MIPP upgrade (P-960) experiment at Fermilab. The scintillation counter module was developed for the Plastic Ball detector time and charge measurements. The module has eight LEMO 00 input connectors terminated with 50 ohms and accepts negative photomultiplier signals in the range 0.25...1000 pC with the maximum input voltage of 4.0 V. Each input has a passive splitter with integration and differentiation times of {approx}20 ns. The integrated portion of the signal is digitized at 26.55 MHz by Analog Devices AD9229 12-bit pipelined 4-channel ADC. The differentiated signal is discriminated for time measurement and sent to one of the four TMC304 inputs. The 4-channel TMC304 chip allows high precision time measurement of rising and falling edges with {approx}100 ps resolution and has internal digital pipeline. The ADC data is also pipelined which allows deadtime-less operation with trigger decision times of {approx}4 {micro}s. The wire chamber module was developed for MIPP EMCal detector charge measurements. The 32-channel digitizer accepts differential analog signals from four 8-channel integrating wire amplifiers. The connection between wire amplifier and digitizer is provided via 26-wire twist-n-flat cable. The wire amplifier integrates input wire current and has sensitivity of 275 mV/pC and the noise level of {approx}0.013 pC. The digitizer uses the same 12-bit AD9229 ADC chip as the scintillator counter module. The wire amplifier has a built-in test pulser with a mask register to provide testing of the individual channels. Both modules are implemented as a 6Ux220 mm VME size board with 48-pin power connector. A custom europack (VME) 21-slot crate is developed for housing these front-end modules.

Baldin, Boris; DalMonte, Lou; /Fermilab

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Parallel optical sampler  

SciTech Connect

An optical sampler includes a first and second 1.times.n optical beam splitters splitting an input optical sampling signal and an optical analog input signal into n parallel channels, respectively, a plurality of optical delay elements providing n parallel delayed input optical sampling signals, n photodiodes converting the n parallel optical analog input signals into n respective electrical output signals, and n optical modulators modulating the input optical sampling signal or the optical analog input signal by the respective electrical output signals, and providing n successive optical samples of the optical analog input signal. A plurality of output photodiodes and eADCs convert the n successive optical samples to n successive digital samples. The optical modulator may be a photodiode interconnected Mach-Zehnder Modulator. A method of sampling the optical analog input signal is disclosed.

Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Skogen, Erik J; Vawter, Gregory A

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Optical pumping via incoherent Raman transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new optical pumping scheme is presented that uses incoherent Raman transitions to prepare a trapped Cesium atom in a specific Zeeman state within the 6S_{1/2}, F=3 hyperfine manifold. An important advantage of this scheme over existing optical pumping schemes is that the atom can be prepared in any of the F=3 Zeeman states. We demonstrate the scheme in the context of cavity quantum electrodynamics, but the technique is equally applicable to a wide variety of atomic systems with hyperfine ground-state structure.

A. D. Boozer; R. Miller; T. E. Northup; A. Boca; H. J. Kimble

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

Optical Packet Switching -1 Optical Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Packet Switching - 1 Optical Networks: from fiber transmission to photonic switching Optical Packet Switching Fabio Neri and Marco Mellia TLC Networks Group ­ Electronics Department e.mellia@polito.it ­ tel. 011 564 4173 #12;Optical Packet Switching - 2 · This work is licensed under the Creative Commons

Mellia, Marco

283

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Wiring Up Silicon Nanostructures for High Energy Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Stanford University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about wiring up silicon...

284

Design of a Probe for Strain Sensitivity Studies of Critical Current Densities in SC Wires and Tapes  

SciTech Connect

The design of a variable-temperature probe used to perform strain sensitivity measurements on LTS wires and HTS wires and tapes is described. The measurements are intended to be performed at liquid helium temperatures (4.2 K). The wire or tape to be measured is wound and soldered on to a helical spring device, which is fixed at one end and subjected to a torque at the free end. The design goal is to be able to achieve {+-} 0.8 % strain in the wire and tape. The probe is designed to carry a current of 2000A.

Dhanaraj, N.; Barzi, E.; Turrioni, D.; Rusy, A.; Lombardo, V.; /Fermilab

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Wire inhomogeneity detector having a core with opposing pole pieces and guide pieces adjacent the opposing pole pieces  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for uncovering imperfections in electrical conducting wire, particularly superconducting wire, by detecting variations in eddy currents. Eddy currents effect the magnetic field in a gap of an inductor, contained in a modified commercial ferrite core, through which the wire being tested is passed. A small increase or decrease in the amount of conductive material, such as copper, in a fixed cross section of wire will unbalance a bridge used to measure the impedance of the inductor, tripping a detector and sounding an alarm.

Gibson, George H. (Lafayette, CA); Smits, Robert G. (Lafayette, CA); Eberhard, Philippe H. (El Cerrito, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Optics and Optical Engineering Program Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optics and Optical Engineering Program Assessment Plan Program Learning, and processes that underlie optics and optical engineering. 2. Strong understanding of the fundamental science, mathematics, and processes that underlie optics and optical

Cantlon, Jessica F.

287

Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground electromagnetic techniques measure electromagnetic fields in order to determine subsurface electrical resistivity with the earth surface as the observation point.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word

288

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature Dictionary.png

289

Optical microphone  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical microphone includes a laser and beam splitter cooperating therewith for splitting a laser beam into a reference beam and a signal beam. A reflecting sensor receives the signal beam and reflects it in a plurality of reflections through sound pressure waves. A photodetector receives both the reference beam and reflected signal beam for heterodyning thereof to produce an acoustic signal for the sound waves. The sound waves vary the local refractive index in the path of the signal beam which experiences a Doppler frequency shift directly analogous with the sound waves.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Annual Coded Wire Tag Program; Oregon Stock Assessment, 2001 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

This annual report is in fulfillment of contract obligations with Bonneville Power Administration which is the funding source for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife project 'Annual Stock Assessment - Coded Wire Tag Program (ODFW)'. Results for the 2001 contract period: Objective 1--Over 1 million juvenile salmon were coded-wire by this program (Table 1); Objective 2--ODFW recovered and processed over 40,000 snout collected from coded-wire tagged fish (Table 2); Objective 3--Survival data is summarized below; Objective 4--The last group of VIE tagged coho was released in 2001 and returning coho were samples at Sandy Hatchery. This sampling showed only 1 of 1,160 returning coho VIE marked as juveniles retained the VIE mark as adults.

Lewis, Mark; Mallette, Christine; Murray, William

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Field-induced gap and quantized charge pumping in a nanoscale helical wire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose several physical phenomena based on nanoscale helical wires. Applying a static electric field transverse to the helical wire induces a metal to insulator transition, with the band gap determined by the applied voltage. A similar idea can be applied to “geometrically” construct one-dimensional systems with arbitrary external potential. With a quadrupolar electrode configuration, the electric field could rotate in the transverse plane, leading to a quantized dc charge current proportional to the frequency of the rotation. Such a device could be used as a standard for the high-precession measurement of the electric current. The inverse effect implies that passing an electric current through a helical wire in the presence of a transverse static electric field can lead to a mechanical rotation of the helix. This effect can be used to construct nanoscale electromechanical motors. Finally, our methodology also enables ways of controlling and measuring the electronic properties of helical biological molecules such as the DNA.

Xiao-Liang Qi and Shou-Cheng Zhang

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action on Non-Wires Solutions - October 17, 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 17, 2012 October 17, 2012 RE: Recommendations on Non-Wires Solutions _________________________________________________________________________ Introduction & Overview "Non-Wires Solutions" (NWS), sometimes referred to as Non-Wires Alternatives (NWA), is the umbrella term for ensuring that a portfolio of alternatives to transmission lines is analyzed and considered in the planning and possible permitting of such facilities. This NWS approach would apply to the proposed upgrade or construction of a distribution or transmission line. In essence, NWS is designed to identify the optimal approach to distribution and transmission enhancement, just as integrated resource planning practices are applied to analyzing the need for power generation projects. Thus, it is relevant for DOE to assist in stakeholder

293

4A.5 DERIVING TURBULENT KINETIC ENERGY DISSIPATION RATE WITHIN CLOUDS USING GROUND BASED 94 GHZ RADAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution of the optical and microphysics properties. Turbulence is also directly linked to the life cycle is to perform spectral analysis on air­ craft data (for instance Gultepe and Starr (1995)) or from ground based is partitioned between different scales. The variance 1 #12; s v 2 of the mean wind is an indicator

Hogan, Robin

294

4A.5 DERIVING TURBULENT KINETIC ENERGY DISSIPATION RATE WITHIN CLOUDS USING GROUND BASED 94 GHZ RADAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution of the optical and microphysics properties. Turbulence is also directly linked to the life cycle is to perform spectral analysis on air- craft data (for instance Gultepe and Starr (1995)) or from ground based. The variance 1 #12;v 2 of the mean wind is an indicator of the kinetic energy in turbulent scales

Hogan, Robin

295

Grounded Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grounded Renewable Energy Grounded Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Grounded Renewable Energy Place Carbondale, Colorado Zip 81623 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar Product Grounded Renewable Energy designs turn-key solar systems for homes and businesses in Colorado. Coordinates 41.573959°, -75.501361° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.573959,"lon":-75.501361,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

296

Ground Insulation Measurement in AC IT Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the chapter there is presented general information on physical nature of network-to-ground insulation. Sense of “insulation equivalent resistance” parameter is explained. A method of insulation resistances-to-...

Piotr Olszowiec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Shielding and grounding in large detectors  

SciTech Connect

Prevention of electromagnetic interference (EMI), or ``noise pickup,`` is an important design aspect in large detectors in accelerator environments. Shielding effectiveness as a function of shield thickness and conductivity vs the type and frequency of the interference field is described. Noise induced in transmission lines by ground loop driven currents in the shield is evaluated and the importance of low shield resistance is emphasized. Some measures for prevention of ground loops and isolation of detector-readout systems are discussed.

Radeka, V.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Thermal tests of MC3811 rigid/flex printed wiring boards  

SciTech Connect

Rigid/flex multilayer printed wiring boards are more sensitive to thermal environmental changes than conventional printed wiring boards. This is manifested because of a composition of dissimilar materials used within the construction of this type of product. During fabrication and assembly, stresses can develop within the plated-through holes from differences in thermal properties of the rigid and flexible materials, primarily thermal coefficient of expansion. Thermal shock and thermal stress tests and rework simulation as defined in MIL-P-50884 have been performed in this study as indicators of processing quality to detect faults and to verify improvements in board reliability. 3 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Gentry, F.L.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effect of low transverse magnetic field on the confinement strength in a quasi-1D wire  

SciTech Connect

Transport measurements in a quasi-one dimensional (1D) quantum wire are reported in the presence of low transverse magnetic field. Differential conductance shows weak quantised plateaus when the 2D electrons are squeezed electrostatically. Application of a small transverse magnetic field (0.2T) enhances the overall degree of quantisation due to the formation of magneto-electric subbands. The results show the role of magnetic field to fine tune the confinement strength in low density wires when interaction gives rise to double row formation.

Kumar, Sanjeev [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom); Thomas, K. J. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH, UK and Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Smith, L. W.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A.; Jones, G. A. C.; Griffiths, J. [Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 OHE (United Kingdom); Pepper, M. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH, UK and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Torrington Place, London WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

300

Different sensing mechanisms in single wire and mat carbon nanotubes chemical sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical sensing properties of single wire and mat form sensor structures fabricated from the same carbon nanotube (CNT) materials have been compared. Sensing properties of CNT sensors were evaluated upon electrical response in the presence of five vapours as acetone, acetic acid, ethanol, toluene, and water. Diverse behaviour of single wire CNT sensors was found, while the mat structures showed similar response for all the applied vapours. This indicates that the sensing mechanism of random CNT networks cannot be interpreted as a simple summation of the constituting individual CNT effects, but is associated to another robust phenomenon, localized presumably at CNT-CNT junctions, must be supposed.

Neumann, P L; Dobrik, G; Kertész, K; Horváth, E; Lukács, I E; Biró, L P; Horváth, Z E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is WIUUTEO GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPCOn August 27, 1980, an insulation failure occurred dt-ringby a failure uf ground plane insulation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Ground heat exchanger design for direct geothermal energy systems .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Direct geothermal energy systems use the ground to heat and cool buildings. Ground-source heat pump (GSHP) systems are the most widespread form of direct geothermal… (more)

COLLS, STUART

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program:Ground Source Heat Pumps A detailled description of the...

304

Water Quality Surface and Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleWaterQualitySurfaceandGround&oldid612197" Category: NEPA Resources...

305

EPA - Ground Water Discharges (EPA's Underground Injection Control...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA - Ground Water Discharges (EPA's Underground Injection Control Program) webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: EPA - Ground Water...

306

Hybrid Ground Source System Analysis and Tool Development | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Ground Source System Analysis and Tool Development Hybrid Ground Source System Analysis and Tool Development Project objectives: 1. Compile filtered hourly data for three...

307

Electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium vapor prepared by a comb of short optical pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was shown by Kocharovskaya and Khanin [Sov. Phys. JETP 63, 945 (1986)] that a comb of optical pulses can induce a ground-state atomic coherence and change the optical response of an atomic medium. In our experiment, we studied the propagation...

Sautenkov, V. A.; Rostovtsev, Y. V.; Ye, C. Y.; Welch, George R.; Kocharovskaya, O.; Scully, Marlan O.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Optical data latch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical data latch is formed on a substrate from a pair of optical logic gates in a cross-coupled arrangement in which optical waveguides are used to couple an output of each gate to an photodetector input of the other gate. This provides an optical bi-stability which can be used to store a bit of optical information in the latch. Each optical logic gate, which can be an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter) or an optical NOR gate, includes a waveguide photodetector electrically connected in series with a waveguide electroabsorption modulator. The optical data latch can be formed on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate (e.g. an InP or GaAs substrate) from III-V compound semiconductor layers. A number of optical data latches can be cascaded to form a clocked optical data shift register.

Vawter, G. Allen (Corrales, NM)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

Critical current densities and magnetic hysteresis losses in submicron filament bronze-processed Sb,Sn wires  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on submicron filament bronze-processed multifilamentary Nb{sub 3}Sn wires with Cu-5at%Sn matrix and Nb or Nb alloy cores. The Nb alloy cores contained each of 1at%Zr, Ti, Hf or Ta. Among the peripheral Cu stabilizer type wires, the Nb-1Ta core wire showed the highest non Cu area critical current density Jc of 3 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 12 T after an optimum heat treatment, in spite of its relatively low Sn concentration in the matrix. The deformation of Nb cores into ribbon like shapes was apparently suppressed by the 1 at% addition of Ti, Hf or Ta. The values of Jc per unit magnetic hysteresis loss for the Ti, Hf and Ta alloyed Nb core wires have been evaluated to be higher than that for the pure Nb core wire.

Kamata, K.; Sakai, S. (Hitachi Cable, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Tachikawa, K.; Taniquchi, T.; Ajioka, T. (Tokai Univ., 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratuka-shi, Kanagawa-ken 259-12 (JP)); Hatakeyama, H. (Engineering Research Association for Superconductive Generation Equipment and Materials, Umeda UN Bldg., 5-14-10 Nishitenma, Kita-ku, Osaka-shi 530 (JP))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Novel Wire Planning Technique for Optimum Pin Utilization in Digital Microfluidic Biochips  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Droplet based micro fluidic technology in recent years is reckoned as a major driving force for the development of new generation of Lab-on-chip devices. Such devices known as digital micro fluidic biochips are capable of manipulating discrete nanolitre ... Keywords: Digital microfluidics, electrodes, pin constraints, optimization, wire planning, droplet routing, algorithms, multiphasing

Pranab Roy; Samadrita Bhattacharya; Rupam Bhattacharyay; Firdousi Jamil Imam; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Performance Optimization by Wire and Buffer Sizing Under the Transmission Line Model \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Optimization by Wire and Buffer Sizing Under the Transmission Line Model \\Lambda Tai to the time­of­flight delay of a line, it is necessary to consider the transmission line behavior for de­ lay on this formula, we show the property that the minimum delay for a transmission line with reflection occurs when

Chen, Tai-Chen

312

810 Diamond and Related Materials, 3 (1994)810-813 CVD diamond wires and tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ta, and non-metal fibres, such as silicon carbide or conditions [5]. A gas mixture of 1% methane in Hcmlongwithan internaldiameterof10-150~tm.Theformationofa thick, chemical-resistantcarbidelayerat the metal, and are weighted to keep them formly on the surface of metal wires [5-8]. By subse- straight and to prevent them

Bristol, University of

313

Efficient integration of multi-hop wireless and wired networks with QoS constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work considers the problem of designing an efficient and low-cost infrastructure for connecting static multi-hop wireless networks with wired backbone, while ensuring QoS requirements such as bandwidth and delay. This infrastructure is useful for ... Keywords: approximation algorithms, clustering, facility location, sensor networks, unit disk graphs, wireless access network

Yigal Bejerano

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Monitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Santiago, Chile jdixon@ing.puc.cl Abstract-- A monitoring system for a battery powered electric vehicle (EV- powered electric vehicles, the need for fast information related to different components and equipmentMonitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology Javier Ibåñez Vial

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad CatĂłlica de Chile)

315

DEPLOYMENT MECHANISMS ON THE FAST SATELLITE: MAGNETOMETER, RADIAL WIRE, AND AXIAL BOOMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

booms. Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1.1. Mission Background 1.2. Electric Field Sensor Description Electric Fields Mechanisms 3.1. The Sensors 3.2. Radial Wire Boom Deployment and Configuration 3. Introduction 1.1. MISSION BACKGROUND The scientific objective of this magnetospheric physics mission

California at Berkeley, University of

316

Meter Any Wire, Anywhere by Virtualizing the Voltage Channel Thomas Schmid, David Culler, Prabal Dutta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meter Any Wire, Anywhere by Virtualizing the Voltage Channel Thomas Schmid, David Culler, Prabal}@eecs.umich.edu culler@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract AC power meters require both voltage and current to be sampled physical proximity and fed into a single power metering de- vice. In this paper, we explore the viability

Dutta, Prabal

317

High-speed video observations of rocket-and-wire initiated lightning C. J. Biagi,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lightning flash obtained with high-speed video cameras recording 5400 and 50000 frames per second (frame at the International Center for Lightning Research and Testing (ICLRT) in north-central Florida. The flashHigh-speed video observations of rocket-and-wire initiated lightning C. J. Biagi,1 D. M. Jordan,1 M

Florida, University of

318

Tunneling Spectroscopy of the Elementary Excitations in a One-Dimensional Wire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...first order, B shifts the dispersions of the modes in the UQWR, Eui(B,k), by kB-=-eBd/ (ui enumerates the modes of the...unless there is a k that satisfies the tunneling condition: Eui(B,k -kB)-=-Elj(B,k) -eVsd, for which one wire...

O. M. Auslaender; A. Yacoby; R. de Picciotto; K. W. Baldwin; L. N. Pfeiffer; K. W. West

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Input parameters to codes which analyze LMFBR wire-wrapped bundles  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a current summary of recommended values of key input parameters required by ENERGY code analysis of LMFBR wire wrapped bundles. This data is based on the interpretation of experimental results from the MIT and other available laboratory programs.

Hawley, J.T.; Chan, Y.N.; Todreas, N.E.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Endohedral silicon nanotubes as thinnest silicide wires Traian Dumitric, Ming Hua, and Boris I. Yakobson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Endohedral silicon nanotubes as thinnest silicide wires Traian Dumitric, Ming Hua, and Boris I are stabilized by the axially placed metal atoms, to form nearly one-dimensional structures with substantial cohesive energy, mechanical stiffness, and metallic density of electronic states. Their further recon

Dumitrica,Traian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Magnetic tower outflows from a radial wire array Z-pinch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......source in a real system could produce knots...This requires 3D MHD studies (e.g. Ouyed...introduced in the system by rotating the wires...press. Akiyama S. , Wheeler J. C., Meier D...Lett., 83, 1982. Foster J. M. , et al...Oran E. S., Wheeler J. C., Wang L......

S. V. Lebedev; A. Ciardi; D. J. Ampleford; S. N. Bland; S. C. Bott; J. P. Chittenden; G. N. Hall; J. Rapley; C. A. Jennings; A. Frank; E. G. Blackman; T. Lery

2005-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

322

Springs and wire plants: anachronistic defences against Madagascar's extinct elephant birds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Springs and wire plants: anachronistic defences against Madagascar's extinct elephant birds William, the elephant birds. If these extinct ratites selected for similar plant defences, we expected to find remarkable browser assemblages of large flightless birds, moas (Dinornithidae) in New Zealand and elephant

Silander Jr., John A.

323

Return current and proton emission from short pulse laser interactions with wire targetsa...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the primary wire target. The observations agree with simulations using the three-dimensional tree code PEPC which result from the very efficient conversion of laser energy into hot electrons. Since the electrons in the electric field of the laser have relativistic quiver motions, the temperature of the hot electron

Strathclyde, University of

324

Enhancement of the E(J,B) power law characterization for superconducting wires from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3GP3-7 1 Enhancement of the E(J,B) power law characterization for superconducting wires from. This method has many advantages compared to the conventional measurements on short samples: voltages's characteristics, according to the winding process, e.g., the bending radius and the tensile strength. I

325

Low temperature junction growth using hot-wire chemical vapor deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and a process for forming a semi-conductor device, and solar cells (10) formed thereby. The process includes preparing a substrate (12) for deposition of a junction layer (14); forming the junction layer (14) on the substrate (12) using hot wire chemical vapor deposition; and, finishing the semi-conductor device.

Wang, Qi; Page, Matthew; Iwaniczko, Eugene; Wang, Tihu; Yan, Yanfa

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Design and Performance of SpaceWire Router-network using CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Design and Performance of SpaceWire Router-network using CSP Session:Components Short Paper the point of view of robustness and security using CSP (Communication Sequential Processes) method, one Correspondong author:fukunaga@tmu.ac.jp 1 Occam has been originally developed by Inmos Limited inspired by CSP[3

Fukunaga, Chikara

327

Department of Energy`s Wire Development Workshop - Superconductivity program for electric systems  

SciTech Connect

The 1996 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on January 31--February 1 at the Crown Plaza Tampa Westshore in Tampa, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Tampa Electric Company and sponsored by the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Program for Electric Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Systems program. Tampa Electric`s Greg Ramon began the meeting by giving a perspective on the changes now occurring in the utility sector. Major program wire development accomplishments during the past year were then highlighted, particularly the world record achievements at Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories. The meeting then focussed on three priority technical issues: thallium conductors; AC losses in HTS conductors; and coated conductors on textured substrates. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss and critique the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Seamless Congestion Control over Wired and Wireless IEEE 802.11 Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accessing the Internet and enterprise intranets through wire- less links, and IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs 1471 particular characteristics of the underlying wireless technology was first proposed in [3 marking procedure takes into account the par- ticular characteristics and the resource sharing model

Siris, Vasilios A.

329

Surface heating of wire plasmas using laser-irradiated cone geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constructed (National Ignition Facility and Laser MÂŽegaJoule). The energy can be transported over surprisinglyLETTERS Surface heating of wire plasmas using laser-irradiated cone geometries J. S. GREEN1,2 , K Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871 Osaka, Japan 9 Institute of Laser

Loss, Daniel

330

Optimization studies on thermal and mechanical manufacturing processes for multifilament superconducting tape and wire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................ 15 7 Powder samples after heating and two calcining treatments, from left to right, respectively................................................................................ 18 8 Schematic diagram of OPIT method to make wires and tapes... precursor after second calcination [41] ............................................ 170 90 XRD pattern for Bi2212 powder precursor after first calcination ................ 172 91 XRD pattern for Bi2212 powder precursor after second...

Basaran, Burak

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Current-Excited Magnetization Dynamics in Narrow Ferromagnetic Wires Yoshihiko TOGAWA1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wires is mounted on a special holder for the current application, installed in the column of the 300 kV microscopy. Quantitative distribution of the magnetic flux line is obtained by means of electron holography field-emission transmission electron microscope above the objective lens where the sample is free from

Otani, Yoshichika

332

Nano-wires with surface disorder: Giant localization lengths and quantum-to-classical crossover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate electronic quantum transport through nano-wires with one-sided surface roughness. A magnetic field perpendicular to the scattering region is shown to lead to exponentially diverging localization lengths in the quantum-to-classical crossover regime. This effect can be quantitatively accounted for by tunneling between the regular and the chaotic components of the underlying mixed classical phase space.

J. Feist; A. Bäcker; R. Ketzmerick; S. Rotter; B. Huckestein; J. Burgdörfer

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

Numerical simulation of wire-coating: the influence of temperature boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wapperom Ole Hassager DPC (Danish Polymer Centre) Institut for Kemiteknik Danmarks Tekniske Universitet DK and power-law index will be examined. Keywords: polymeric fluids; wire coating; Carreau model; nonisothermal in the metal parts as well, by including these in the domain of solution and solving extra finite element

Wapperom, Peter

334

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Optics processing of Target Wedged Focus Lens into cleaningcoating frame. Photo Number: 2013-048765...

335

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Alignment Conducting an optics alignment after replacement of a Pockels Cell in the clean room. Photo Number: 2013-050691...

336

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Processing Optics for the National Ignition Facility must be manufactured to exacting standards. To ensure quality, precise measurements...

337

Set Up and Test Results for a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of a quadrupole. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing it. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). The following break up of error was suggested for the fiducialization steps: 10{micro}m for step 1 (finding the center), 20{micro}m for step 2 (finding the wire), and 10{micro}m for step 3 (tooling ball measurements). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the vibrating wire system meets the requirements for LCLS. In particular, if it can reliably fiducialize a quadrupole magnetic center to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. The behavior of individual system components is compared to the expected performance. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note studies the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Levashov, Michael Y.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Set Up and Test Results for a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of a quadrupole. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing it. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). The following break up of error was suggested for the fiducialization steps: 10{micro}m for step 1 (finding the center), 20{micro}m for step 2 (finding the wire), and 10{micro}m for step 3 (tooling ball measurements). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the vibrating wire system meets the requirements for LCLS. In particular, if it can reliably fiducialize a quadrupole magnetic center to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. The behavior of individual system components is compared to the expected performance. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note studies the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Not Available

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

339

Critical Evaluation of the ISCCP Simulator Using Ground-Based Remote Sensing Data  

SciTech Connect

Given the known shortcomings in representing clouds in Global Climate Models (GCM) comparisons with observations are critical. The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) diagnostic products provide global descriptions of cloud top pressure and column optical depth that extends over multiple decades. The necessary limitations of the ISCCP retrieval algorithm require that before comparisons can be made between model output and ISCCP results the model output must be modified to simulate what ISCCP would diagnose under the simulated circumstances. We evaluate one component of the so-called ISCCP simulator in this study by comparing ISCCP and a similar algorithm with various long-term statistics derived from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Climate Research Facility ground-based remote sensors. We find that were a model to simulate the cloud radiative profile with the same accuracy as can be derived from the ARM data, then the likelihood of that occurrence being placed in the same cloud top pressure and optical depth bin as ISCCP of the 9 bins that have become standard ranges from 30% to 70% depending on optical depth. While the ISCCP simulator improved the agreement of cloud-top pressure between ground-based remote sensors and satellite observations, we find minor discrepancies due to the parameterization of cloud top pressure in the ISCCP simulator. The primary source of error seems to be related to discrepancies in visible optical depth that are not accounted for in the ISCCP simulator. We show that the optical depth discrepancies are largest when the assumptions necessary for plane parallel radiative transfer optical depths retrievals are violated.

Mace, G G; Houser, S; Benson, S; Klein, S A; Min, Q

2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Optical NAND gate  

SciTech Connect

An optical NAND gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator and a photodetector. One pair of the optical waveguide devices is electrically connected in parallel to operate as an optical AND gate; and the other pair of the optical waveguide devices is connected in series to operate as an optical NOT gate (i.e. an optical inverter). The optical NAND gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NAND function output. The optical NAND gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Raring, James (Goleta, CA); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Definition: Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Gravity Survey The ground gravitational method is the study of the distribution of mass in the subsurface with the observation point at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A gravity anomaly is the difference between the observed acceleration of a planet's gravity and a value predicted from a model. A location with a positive anomaly exhibits more gravity than predicted, while a negative anomaly exhibits a lower value than predicted. References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Geophysical-Field-Theory-Three-Volume-Gravitational/dp/0124020410 Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

342

GroundedPower Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GroundedPower Inc GroundedPower Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name GroundedPower Inc Place Gloucester, Massachusetts Zip 1930 Product Massachusetts-based company developing home and building energy management systems via IP-based software. Coordinates 37.413962°, -76.526305° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.413962,"lon":-76.526305,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

343

Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Gravity Survey Details Activities (48) Areas (34) Regions (2) NEPA(2) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and large-scale deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

344

Appendix B Ground Water Management Policy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ground Water Management Policy Ground Water Management Policy for the Monticello Mill Tailings Site and Adjacent Areas This page intentionally left blank Docun~ent Number Q0029500 Appendix B State of Utah DEPARTblENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES DIVISION OF WATER RIGHTS Ground-Water Management Policy for the Mot~ticello Mill Tailings Site and Adjacent Areas The Monticello Mill Tailings Site is on the southeast portion of the tovm of Monticello in Sectton 36, T33S, K23E and Section 31, i33S. R24E, SLB&M. The mill site was used from 1942 to 1960 in the processing of uranium and vanadium. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently cleaning up the site. The site is in the small canyon that forms the drainage for South Creek. The general direction of water flow, of both surface streams and the shallow

345

Transmission line modeling with explicit grounding representation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new model of an overhead transmission line for electromagnetic transient computations. The unique feature of the model is the explicit representation of the tower grounding configuration and terminal substation grounds. Other properties of the model are: (1) accurate frequency dependent parameter representation from DC to several MHz; (2) explicit modeling of line asymmetries; and (3) high numerical efficiency. The model implementation is based on the solution of the transmission line differential equations resulting in a set of step response functions, forming a matrix. The step response matrix is utilized in a time domain simulation of electric power networks by a linear convolution scheme. The transmission line model is validated with actual system test data. The model is useful for computing the ground potential rise of transmission towers due to lightning or switching surges, insulation stress, etc. Typical applications are described in the paper.

G.J. Cokkinides; A.P.Sakis Meliopoulos

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Observations of Transport Variability in the Baltic Sea by Parasitic Use of a Fiber-Optic Cable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transports between the Swedish mainland and the island of Gotland were studied by means of motionally induced voltages. The copper mantle of an existent fiber-optic telecommunications cable was grounded on Gotland, and the data acquisition system ...

Peter Sigray; Peter Lundberg; Kristofer Döös

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

QU, JUN. Development of Cylindrical Wire Electrical Discharge Machining Process and Investigation of Surface Integrity and Mechanical Property of EDM Surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Shih) The cylindrical wire Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) process was developed to generate-resistant underwater rotary spindle was designed and added to a conventional two-axis wire EDM machine to enable and recast layer and to understand the effects of wire EDM process on the machined WC-Co surface. The micro

Shih, Albert J.

348

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

349

Fiber optic connector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic connector and method for connecting composite materials within which optical fibers are imbedded. The fiber optic connector includes a capillary tube for receiving optical fibers at opposing ends. The method involves inserting a first optical fiber into the capillary tube and imbedding the unit in the end of a softened composite material. The capillary tube is injected with a coupling medium which subsequently solidifies. The composite material is machined to a desired configuration. An external optical fiber is then inserted into the capillary tube after fluidizing the coupling medium, whereby the optical fibers are coupled.

Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenior City, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Optical NOR gate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical NOR gate is formed from two pair of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each pair of the optical waveguide devices consisting of an electroabsorption modulator electrically connected in series with a waveguide photodetector. The optical NOR gate utilizes two digital optical inputs and a continuous light input to provide a NOR function digital optical output. The optical NOR gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

Skogen, Erik J. (Albuquerque, NM); Tauke-Pedretti, Anna (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

351

Above Ground Storage Tank (AST) Inspection Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Above Ground Storage Tank (AST) Inspection Form Petroleum Bulk Storage Form Facility Name: ______________________ Tank No:_______________ Date:_____________ Inspection Parameter Result Comments/Corrective Actions 1. Is there leaking in the interstitial space (not DRY)? YES/NO/NA 2. Tank surface shows signs of leakage? YES/NO/NA 3

Pawlowski, Wojtek

352

Recent Ground Motion Studies at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

Studies of slow ground motion have recently been performed at SLAC using the linac laser alignment system over a period of one month. Two significant effects responsible for the observed motion have been identified, namely tidal forces and variation of external atmospheric pressure. The latter is of particular interest as it may result in misalignments with rather short wavelength.

Seryi, Andrei

2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Ground Vibration Measurements at LHC Point 4  

SciTech Connect

Ground vibration was measured at Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Point 4 during the winter shutdown in February 2012. This report contains the results, including power and coherence spectra. We plan to collect and analyze vibration data from representative collider halls to inform specifications for future linear colliders, such as ILC and CLIC. We are especially interested in vibration correlations between final focus lens locations.

Bertsche, Kirk; /SLAC; Gaddi, Andrea; /CERN

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

354

XTREME OPTICS: the behavior of cavity optics for the Jefferson Lab free-electron laser  

SciTech Connect

The cavity optics within high power free-electron lasers based on energy-recovering accelerators are subjected to extreme conditions associated with illumination from a broad spectrum of radiation, often at high irradiances. This is especially true for the output coupler, where absorption of radiation by both the mirror substrate and coating places significant design restrictions to properly manage heat load and prevent mirror distortion. Besides the fundamental lasing wavelength, the mirrors are irradiated with light at harmonics of the fundamental, THz radiation generated by the bending magnets downstream of the wiggler, and x-rays produced when the electron beam strikes accelerator diagnostic components (e.g., wire scanners and view screens) or from inadvertent beam loss. The optics must reside within high vacuum at ~ 10-8 Torr and this requirement introduces its own set of complications. This talk discusses the performance of numerous high reflector and output coupler optics assemblies and provides a detailed list of lessons learned gleaned from years of experience operating the Upgrade IR FEL, a 10 kW-class, sub-ps laser with output wavelength from 1 to 6 microns.

Michelle D. Shinn; Christopher Behre; Stephen Benson; David Douglas; Fred Dylla; Christopher Gould; Joseph Gubeli; David Hardy; Kevin Jordan; George Neil; and Shukui Zhanga

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

355

Tunneling and nonlinear transport in a vertically coupled GaAs/AlGaAs double quantum wire system.  

SciTech Connect

We report low-dimensional tunneling in an independently contacted vertically coupled quantum wire system. This nanostructure is fabricated in a high quality GaAs/AlGaAs parallel double quantum well heterostructure. Using a unique flip chip technique to align top and bottom split gates to form low-dimensional constrictions in each of the independently contacted quantum wells we explicitly control the subband occupation of the individual wires. In addition to the expected two-dimensional (2D)-2D tunneling results, we have found additional tunneling features that are related to the one-dimensional quantum wires.

Seamons, John Andrew; Lilly, Michael Patrick; Reno, John Louis; Bielejec, Edward Salvador

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Comparison of the CALIPSO satellite and ground-based observations of cirrus clouds at the ARM TWP sites  

SciTech Connect

Statistics of ice cloud macrophysical and optical properties from the Cloud-Aerosol LIdar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) instrument on board the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite are compared with those from ground-based lidar observations over a 31 month period. Ground-based lidar observations are taken from the micropulse lidars (MPL) at the three Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) tropical western pacific (TWP) sites: Manus, Nauru and Darwin. CALIPSO observations show a larger cloud fraction at high altitudes while the ground-based MPLs show a larger cloud fraction at low altitudes. The difference in mean ice cloud top and base heights at the Manus and Nauru sites are all within 0.51 km, although differences are statistically significant. Mean ice cloud geometrical thickness agree to within 0.05 km at the Manus and Nauru sites. Larger differences exist at Darwin due to excessive degradation of the MPL output power during our sampling period. Both sets of observations show thicker clouds during the nighttime which may be real but could also be partially an artifact of the decreased signal-to-noise ratio during the daytime. The number of ice cloud layers per profile are also shown to be consistent after accounting for the difference in spatial resolution. For cloud optical depths, four different retrieval methods are compared, two for each set of observations. All products show that the majority of ice cloud optical depths ({approx}60%) fall below an optical depth of 0.2. For most comparisons all four retrievals agree to within the uncertainty intervals. We find that both CALIPSO retrievals agree best to ground-based optical depths when the lidar ratio in the latter is retrieved instead of set to a fixed value. Also thoroughly compared is the cloud properties for the subset of ice clouds which reside in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL).

Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Q.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ground-water sample collection and analysis plan for the ground-water surveillance project  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory performs ground-water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Hanford Site in support of DOE`s environmental surveillance responsibilities. The purpose of this document is to translate DOE`s General Environmental Protection Program (DOE Order 5400.1) into a comprehensive ground-water sample collection and analysis plan for the Hanford Site. This sample collection and analysis plan sets forth the environmental surveillance objectives applicable to ground water, identifies the strategy for selecting sample collection locations, and lists the analyses to be performed to meet those objectives.

Bryce, R.W.; Evans, J.C.; Olsen, K.B.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Ground-water sample collection and analysis plan for the ground-water surveillance project  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory performs ground-water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford Site in support of DOE's environmental surveillance responsibilities. The purpose of this document is to translate DOE's General Environmental Protection Program (DOE Order 5400.1) into a comprehensive ground-water sample collection and analysis plan for the Hanford Site. This sample collection and analysis plan sets forth the environmental surveillance objectives applicable to ground water, identifies the strategy for selecting sample collection locations, and lists the analyses to be performed to meet those objectives.

Bryce, R.W.; Evans, J.C.; Olsen, K.B.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Numerical Simulations of Wire and Foil Behaviors under Megaampere Current Drive *  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2: High Energy Density, Plasmas, Magnetic Fields 2: High Energy Density, Plasmas, Magnetic Fields Numerical Simulations of Wire and Foil Electrical Explosion under Helical EMG Current Drive for Warm Dense Matter Generation S.F. Garanin*, A.M. Buyko*, S.D. Kuznetsov*, R.E. Reinovsky† * Russian Federal Nuclear Center - VNIIEF Sarov, 607190, Russia † Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA Study of properties of Warm Dense Matter (WDM), i. e. substance at densities of the order of that of solids (from 10 % normal density to 2-3 times solid density) and moderate temperatures (1-10 eV), is in recent times an active field of investigations. Experiments to study electrical explosion of thick wires (0.5-2 mm in diameter) driven by currents of about 1 MA were conducted recently [1] on the Zebra facility at the University of Nevada, Reno. The

360

Exploding Wire in Water as a Potential Source of Amplified EUV-radiation  

SciTech Connect

Proximity wall stabilized, fast (>4x10{sup 11} A/s), high current (>40 kA) discharges are capable to create long, dense, hot, 'stable,' non-equilibrium plasma column suitable e.g. for amplification of EUV and soft X-ray radiation. Exploding wire in water resembles a metal-vapor-filled capillary with liquid, ever fresh wall (without any metallic deposit). Modeling of wire explosion (inclusive melting and boiling phase transitions, thermal diffusion, and non-constant conductivity) by the originally skinned driving current is described. Modeling results are compared with measurement of the discharge current and with side-on monitoring of H-alpha line emission. The differences are attributed to the fact that for calculation the material constants measured at atmospheric pressure were available only.

Kolacek, Karel; Prukner, Vaclav; Schmidt, Jiri; Straus, Jaroslav; Frolov, Oleksandr; Hoffer, Petr [Institute of Plasma Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. Za Slovankou 1782/3, 182 00 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Modeling of strained quantum wires using eight-band k?p theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have calculated numerically the one-dimensional band structure and densities of states of a V-shaped In0.2Ga0.8As/AlxGa1-xAs single quantum wire using eight-band k?p theory. A finite-difference scheme is used for the calculations. The model includes the realistic orientation, shape, material composition, strain distribution, and piezoelectric charging of the wire. We find a dominant impact of the piezoelectric potential on the band structure and a marked spin splitting of the valence bands. Also, the conduction band is strongly nonparabolic. We propose an efficient procedure to calculate interior eigenvectors from Hamiltonians including conduction-band–valence-band interactions. This algorithm is 20–90 times faster than the best prevailing method and also applies to other Hamiltonians for the modeling of nanostructures, including those occurring in tight-binding or pseudopotential theory.

O. Stier and D. Bimberg

1997-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Heat transfer enhancement on thin wires in superfluid helium forced flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we report the first evidence of an enhancement of the heat transfer from a heated wire by an external turbulent flow of superfluid helium. We used a standard Pt-Rh hot-wire anemometer and overheat it up to 21 K in a pressurized liquid helium turbulent round jet at temperatures between 1.9 K and 2.12 K. The null-velocity response of the sensor can be satisfactorily modeled by the counter flow mechanism while the extra cooling produced by the forced convection is found to scale similarly as the corresponding extra cooling in classical fluids. We propose a preliminary analysis of the response of the sensor and show that -contrary to a common assumption- such sensor can be used to probe local velocity in turbulent superfluid helium.

Duri, Davide; Moro, Jean-Paul; Roche, Philippe-Emmanuel; Diribarne, Pantxo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Plasma Sputter-type Ion Source with Wire Electrodes for Low-energy Gallium Ion Extraction  

SciTech Connect

Low-energy ions of gallium (Ga) and argon (Ar) were extracted from a plasma sputter-type ion source system that utilized a tungsten (W) wire extractor geometry. The 90% transparent W wire extractor configuration had shown that the system was capable of producing an ion beam with the energy as low as 10 eV in a dc filament discharge and 50 eV in a radio frequency (rf) excited system. In the present investigation, Ar plasma was sustained in an ion source chamber through an inductively coupled 13.56 MHz rf power source. Negatively biased liquid Ga target suspended on a W reservoir was sputtered and postionized prior to extraction. Mass spectral analyses revealed a strong dependence of the Ga{sup +} current on the induced target bias.

Vasquez, M. Jr.; Kasuya, T.; Wada, M. [Graduate School of Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan); Maeno, S. [Novelion Systems Co. Ltd., Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0332 (Japan); Miyamoto, N. [Nissin Ion Equipment Co. Ltd., Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Vamas intercomparison of critical current measurement in Nb/sub 3/Sn wires  

SciTech Connect

The VAMAS technical working party in the area of superconducting and cryogenic structural materials has recently carried out the first world-wide intercomparison of critical current, I/sub c/, measurement on multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn wires. Three sample wires were supplied from each of EC (European Communities), Japan and USA. The total number of participant labs were 24 (EC 11, Japan and USA 5). There were few restrictions for the I/sub c/ measurement at participant labs. The standard deviations of the I/sub c/ values reported from these labs. varied among test samples, and were 6 - 21% of averaged I/sub c/'s at 12 Tesla.

Tachikawa, K.; Itoh, K.; Wada, H.; Gould, D.; Jones, H.; Walters, C.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Neutral Atom and a Charged Wire: From Elastic scattering to Absorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve the problem of a neutral atom interacting with a charged wire, giving rise to an attractive 1/r^2 potential in two dimensions. We show how a suitable average over all possible self-adjoint extensions of the radial Schroedinger Hamiltonian eventually leads to the classical formula for absorption of the atom, a formula shown to be in agreement with a recent experiment.

M. Bawin; S. A. Coon

2000-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

366

Recent advances in high-temperature superconductor wire fabrication and applications development  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, recent advances in fabrication of HTS wires are summarized, and detailed discussion is provided for developments in near- and intermediate-term applications. Near-term applications, using presently obtainable current densities, include: liquid-nitrogen depth sensors, cryostat current leads, and magnetic bearings. Intermediate-term applications, using current densities expected to be available in the near future include fault-current limiters and short transmission lines. 25 refs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Recent advances in high-temperature superconductor wire fabrication and applications development  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, recent advances in fabrication of HTS wires are summarized, and detailed discussion is provided for developments in near- and intermediate-term applications. Near-term applications, using presently obtainable current densities, include: liquid-nitrogen depth sensors, cryostat current leads, and magnetic bearings. Intermediate-term applications, using current densities expected to be available in the near future include fault-current limiters and short transmission lines. 25 refs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A two-port polarization-insensitive coupler module between single-mode fiber and silicon-wire waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and C. Tsai, “A two-port single- mode fiber– silicon wireA two-port polarization-insensitive coupler module betweenAbstract: A two-port polarization-insensitive single-mode

Shiraishi, Kazuo; Yoda, Hidehiko; Tsai, Chen S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Using an 80% CF4+20% CO2 gas mixture to recover aged anode wires in proportional chambers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique to recover a gas proportional counter with an aged anode wire using a glow discharge in an 80%CF4+20%CO2 gas mixture, has been developed and tested. Studies of aging effects were carried out under sustained irradiation by an intense 90Sr ?-source of straw proportional counters operated with a 60%Ar+30%CO2+10%CF4 gas mixture. Special attention was paid to the aging mechanism of the anode wires. Our experience showed that using a given gas mixture the swelling of the anode wires is a typical mode of aging that leads to degradation of the gas gain. The proposed method restores the gas gain and the signal amplitude in the damaged zone of the wire. SEM/XEM analysis confirmed that the tungsten oxide deposits have been removed.

G.E. Gavrilov; D.A. Aksenov; R. Conti; A.A. Fetisov; A.G. Krivchitch; D.A. Maysuzenko; N.Yu. Shvecova; V.M. Vakhtel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Quantitative analysis of heavy metals emission during the combustion and baling of polyvinyl chloride insulated copper wire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was conducted and compared to the airborne dust samples collected during the baling process. From these results, occupational exposures to heavy metals during the reclamation of PVC insulated copper wire were assessed. Bulk ash and dust samples were ?aken...

Pickard, David Paul

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Evaluation of the Thermal Performance for a Wire Mesh/Hollow Glass Microsphere Composite Structure as a Conduction Barrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental investigation exploring the use of wire mesh/hollow glass microsphere combination for use as thermal insulation was conducted with the aim to conclude whether or not it represents a superior insulation technology to those...

Mckenna, Sean

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Study of micro-pinches in wire-array Z pinches  

SciTech Connect

Bright and hot areas with a high plasma density and temperature are observed in all kinds of Z pinches. We studied bright radiating spots produced by micro-pinches in cylindrical and planar wire-arrays at the 1 MA Zebra pulsed power generator using an x-ray streak camera synchronized with laser diagnostics, x-ray time-gated pinhole camera, and spectroscopy. Hot spots with extremely dense and relatively hot plasma arise during the collapse of the micro-pinches. These hot spots radiate a continuum spectrum with energy >2.5 keV. Typical micro-pinches in Al wire arrays generate x-ray bursts with durations of 0.4–1 ns in the soft x-ray range and 0.1–0.4 ns in the keV range. UV two-frame shadowgraphy shows spatial correlation of hot spots with the collapse and explosion of micro-pinches. Micro-pinches typically occur at the necks of the Z pinch, but can demonstrate a variety of parameters and different dynamics. An analysis of x-ray streak images shows that micro-pinches can generate >20% of the x-ray energy in some types of wire-array Z pinches.

Ivanov, V. V.; Papp, D.; Anderson, A. A.; Talbot, B. R.; Astanovitskiy, A. L.; Nalajala, V.; Dmitriev, O. [Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Chittenden, J. P.; Niasse, N. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Pikuz, S. A.; Shelkovenko, T. A. [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Depollution benchmarks for capacitors, batteries and printed wiring boards from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: • We’ve analysed data on the dismantling of electronic and electrical appliances. • Ten years of mass balance data of more than recycling companies have been considered. • Percentages of dismantled batteries, capacitors and PWB have been studied. • Threshold values and benchmarks for batteries and capacitors have been identified. • No benchmark for the dismantling of printed wiring boards should be set. - Abstract: The article compiles and analyses sample data for toxic components removed from waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) from more than 30 recycling companies in Switzerland over the past ten years. According to European and Swiss legislation, toxic components like batteries, capacitors and printed wiring boards have to be removed from WEEE. The control bodies of the Swiss take back schemes have been monitoring the activities of WEEE recyclers in Switzerland for about 15 years. All recyclers have to provide annual mass balance data for every year of operation. From this data, percentage shares of removed batteries and capacitors are calculated in relation to the amount of each respective WEEE category treated. A rationale is developed, why such an indicator should not be calculated for printed wiring boards. The distributions of these de-pollution indicators are analysed and their suitability for defining lower threshold values and benchmarks for the depollution of WEEE is discussed. Recommendations for benchmarks and threshold values for the removal of capacitors and batteries are given.

Savi, Daniel, E-mail: d.savi@umweltchemie.ch [Dipl. Environmental Sci. ETH, büro für umweltchemie, Zurich (Switzerland); Kasser, Ueli [Lic. Phil. Nat. (Chemist), büro für umweltchemie, Zurich (Switzerland); Ott, Thomas [Dipl. Phys. ETH, Institute of Applied Simulation, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Wädenswil (Switzerland)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

APPLIED HTS BULKS AND WIRES TO ROTATING MACHINES FOR MARINE PROPULSION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High?temperature superconductors allow a compact and efficient way to provide high?torque density to rotating machines with excellent operation. A field pole providing flux density of more than 1.5 T around the armature was initially designed for an axial?gap type with the flux parallel to the rotor axis. Melt?growth Gd?123 bulks as well as Bi?2223 wire windings have been successfully assembled on the rotor disk. No iron core was used though being an auxiliary flux control found in most HTS motors. Both bulk and wire types have realized a practical motor operation within a limited output range. For bulks a 15 kW 720 rpm synchronous motor was designed and tested in the group of TUMSAT Kitano Seiki and University of Fukui. A bulk field pole was cooled down by liquid nitrogen and was magnetized in the motor. To enhance the output power to more than 30 kW we developed a thermosyphon system using condensed neon. Another field pole with HTS wire for large?scale marine propulsion is also discussed on a 100 kW 230 rpm tested machine. A closed?cycle condensed neon associated with thermal insulation is also reported.

M. Miki; B. Felder; Y. Kimura; K. Tsuzuki; R. Taguchi; Y. Shiliang; Y. Xu; T. Ida; M. Izumi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Temperature Instability in High-Tc Superconducting Wire Exposed to Thermal Disturbance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High-Tc superconductor wires/ conductors of longer lengths have emerged as one of the most promising candidates for several useful applications such as in utilities and in current lead powering large magnet system. These conductors are liquid nitrogen cooled and are much cheaper to operate. In the event of intrinsic thermal instability or cooling failure, irreversible transition to normal state may occur. These normal zones may propagate rapidly enough to cause transient heating leading to local ‘hot spot’ and resulting in damage to the conductor/ magnet. In this paper, the mathematical formulation to determine the temperature distribution throughout the superconductor wire subjected to such transient disturbance is illustrated. The solution to the problem is achieved by using the method of separation of variables based on physically relevant initial conditions. The results are obtained in the series form in terms of Bessel's functions and are illustrated numerically for a technical yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) superconductor wire. Also it is found that even for a steady state heat transfer of 500 W m–2 K–1, the conductor temperature rises above Tc in less than 10 sec of the thermal disturbance.

Ziauddin Khan; Subrata Pradhan; Irfan Ahmed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Latching micro optical switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical switch reliably maintains its on or off state even when subjected to environments where the switch is bumped or otherwise moved. In addition, the optical switch maintains its on or off state indefinitely without requiring external power. External power is used only to transition the switch from one state to the other. The optical switch is configured with a fixed optical fiber and a movable optical fiber. The movable optical fiber is guided by various actuators in conjunction with a latching mechanism that configure the switch in one position that corresponds to the on state and in another position that corresponds to the off state.

Garcia, Ernest J; Polosky, Marc A

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

377

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

378

Ground Source Heat Pump System Data Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peer Review Peer Review GSHP System Data Analysis Xiaobing Liu, Ph.D. Oak Ridge National Laboratory liux2@ornl.gov (865-574-2593) 4/3/2013 - GSHP Data Analysis in 1 st phase of U.S.-China CERC-BEE - GSHP ARRA Grantee Data Mining 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: High first cost of ground heat exchangers (GHXs) and lack of knowledge/trust in achievable benefits are major barriers preventing

379

External breaking of ground-state symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ground-state symmetry can be broken by an external field. The threshold value of the symmetry-breaking field may be roughly estimated by comparing experimentally the behavior of two identical physical quantities, as functions of the field, for the set of field directions equivalent, with respect to the action, to a group generator. The kinetic coefficients as the functions of magnetic induction B are used as an illustration.

S. Malinowski

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

R/Blkstripe CTB Ground Strap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 D D C C B B A A Orange Black Yellow Blue R/Blkstripe Tan Red CTB Ground Strap Title Size Document Number R ev Date: Sheet o f ? ToFr 2003_S Run 4 L.V Setup Rice. U. Bonner Lab B 1 1, Limited (picoFuse) @ 3.0 A 7x"VNTC"#14awgrated17A Actualoperating=7.7Amax. LOW VOLTAGE SUPPLY SETTINGS

Llope, William J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A GROUND-BASED 21 cm BARYON ACOUSTIC OSCILLATION SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

Baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) provide a robust standard ruler with which to measure the acceleration of the universe. The BAO feature has so far been detected in optical galaxy surveys. Intensity mapping of neutral hydrogen emission with a ground-based radio telescope provides another promising window for measuring BAO at redshifts of order unity for relatively low cost. While the cylindrical radio telescope (CRT) proposed for these measurements will have excellent redshift resolution, it will suffer from poor angular resolution (arcminutes at best). We investigate the effect of angular resolution on the standard ruler test with BAO, using the Dark Energy Task Force Figure of Merit (FoM) as a benchmark. We then extend the analysis to include variations in the parameters characterizing the telescope and the underlying physics. Finally, we optimize the survey parameters (holding total cost fixed) and present an example of a CRT BAO survey that is competitive with Stage III dark energy experiments. The tools developed here form the backbone of a publicly available code that can be used to obtain estimates of cost and FoM for any set of survey parameters.

Seo, Hee-Jong; Dodelson, Scott; Marriner, John; Mcginnis, Dave; Stebbins, Albert; Stoughton, Chris; Vallinotto, Alberto, E-mail: sheejong@fnal.go [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510-5011 (United States)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

CX-010891: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Archer-Stegall 230-Kilovolt Fiber Optic Ground Wire Addition CX(s) Applied: B4.7 Date: 08/20/2013 Location(s): Nebraska, Nebraska Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

383

High bandwidth optical mount  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical mount, which directs a laser beam to a point by controlling the position of a light-transmitting optic, is stiffened so that a lowest resonant frequency of the mount is approximately one kilohertz. The optical mount, which is cylindrically-shaped, positions the optic by individually moving a plurality of carriages which are positioned longitudinally within a sidewall of the mount. The optical mount is stiffened by allowing each carriage, which is attached to the optic, to move only in a direction which is substantially parallel to a center axis of the optic. The carriage is limited to an axial movement by flexures or linear bearings which connect the carriage to the mount. The carriage is moved by a piezoelectric transducer. By limiting the carriage to axial movement, the optic can be kinematically clamped to a carriage.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas (Oakdale, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

test optic after receiving chemical process called AMP2.5, which is under development for increasing the damage threshold of 3 fused silica optics. Photo Number: 2013-05031...

385

NIF Final Optics Assemblies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NIF Final Optics Assemblies The Final Optics Assemblies (FOAs) are the last element of the main laser system and the first of the target area systems. Each FOA contains four...

386

Optic Orientation in Stereo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The visualization and representation of optic orientation is the nittygritty of practical optical mineralogy. A complete description is concisely made with the use of a stereographic projection. Perspective dr...

Richard E. Stoiber; Stearns A. Morse

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Colored optical glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Lytkarino Optical Glass Factory manufactures various types of colored optical glasses: yellow, orange, and red glasses and glasses that are transparent in the IR region, as well as...

Mogil’naya, L G; Zinov’eva, O B; Firsova, Yu A; Gulyukin, M N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

''Atomic Optics'': Nonimaging Optics on the Nanoscale  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report for a one year close out extension of our basic research program that was established at the University of Chicago more than sixteen years ago to explore and develop the optical sub-discipline that has come to be known as ''nonimaging optics''. This program has been extremely fruitful, having both broadened the range of formalism available for workers in this field and led to the discovery of many new families of optical devices. These devices and techniques have applications wherever the efficient transport and transformation of light distributions are important, in particular in illumination, fiber optics, collection and concentration of sunlight, and the detection of faint light signals in physics and astrophysics. Over the past thirty years, Nonimaging Optics (Welford and Winston, 1989) has brought a fresh approach to the analysis of many problems in classical macro-scale optics. Through the application of phase-space concepts, statistical methods, thermodynamic arguments, etc., many previously established performance limits were able to be broken and many technical surprises with exciting practical applications were discovered. The most recent three-year phase of our long-term continuing program ended in late 2002 and emphasized extending our work in geometrical optics and expanding it to include some interesting questions in physical optics as well as in the new field of statistical optics. This report presents a survey of the basic history and concepts of nonimaging optics and reviews highlights and significant accomplishments over the past fifteen years. This is followed by a more detailed summary of recent research directions and accomplishments during the last three years. This most recent phase was marked by the broadening in scope to include a separate project involving a collaboration with an industrial partner, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). This effort was proposed and approved in 1998 and was incorporated into this project (September, 1998) with the required additional funding provided through this already existing grant.

Roland Winston Joseph O'Gallagher

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Optics and Diagnostics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 14 | Next | Last Back to Index Optics Diffraction Gratings for APPOLON laser. Photo Number: 2011-020040...

390

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

391

Thermodynamics of Optical Tweezers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the measurement of the gradient and scattering forces based on a thermodynamic treatment of optical tweezers.

Stilgoe, Alexander B; Nguyen, Lan T P; Nieminen, Timo A; Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Halina

392

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Ground-Source Heat Pumps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Ground-Source Heat Pumps on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

393

New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Ground Source Heat Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps October 8, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for commercial ground source heat pumps within the Federal sector. Benefits Commercial ground source heat pumps are ground source heat pump with loops that feed multiple packaged heat pumps and a single ground source water loop. Unit capacity is typically 1-10 tons and may be utilized in an array of multiple units to serve a large load. Application Condensing boilers are appropriate for housing, service, office, and research and development applications. Key Factors for Deployment FEMP has made great progress with commercial ground source heat pump technology deployment within the Federal sector. Primary barriers deal with

394

Category:Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Ground Electromagnetic Techniques page? For detailed information on Ground Electromagnetic Techniques, click here. Category:Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Add.png Add a new Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Technique Subcategories This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. E [×] Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques‎ 1 pages [+] Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques‎ (1 categories) 2 pages Pages in category "Ground Electromagnetic Techniques" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. E Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Ground_Electromagnetic_Techniques&oldid=689834"

395

The Design of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground-coupled heat pumps are being installed in increasing numbers due to proven performance and economy. The overall thermal resistance between the ground coupling fluid and a given type of surrounding soil is affected by pipe material, wall...

Parker, J. D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Analysis of Contaminant Rebound in Ground Water in Extraction...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Analysis of Contaminant Rebound in Ground Water in Extraction Wells at the Tuba City, Arizona, Site Analysis of Contaminant Rebound in Ground Water in Extraction Wells at the Tuba...

397

Diffusion Multilayer Sampling of Ground Water in Five Wells at...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Diffusion Multilayer Sampling of Ground Water in Five Wells at the Tuba City, Arizona, Site Diffusion Multilayer Sampling of Ground Water in Five Wells at the Tuba City, Arizona,...

398

Response of continuous pipelines to tunnel induced ground deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops analytical solutions for estimating the bending moments and axial loads in a buried pipeline due to ground movements caused by tunnel construction in soft ground. The solutions combine closed-form, ...

Ieronymaki, Evangelia S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Case study of underground pipe ground coupled heat pump system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aiming to give some advices on the ground coupled heat pump system design in Sichuan Province, China, a typical ground source heat pump (GSHP) system in Sichuan Province was tested in a whole operational year,...

Min Zheng ??; Bai-yi Li ???; Zheng-yong Qiao ???

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

165 F ... Poultry, ground poultry Stuffing with poultry, meat & fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

165° F ... Poultry, ground poultry Stuffing with poultry, meat & fish Microwave cooking & reheating Reheating leftovers 155° F ... Ground meat & fish Injected meat (i.e. tenderized) 145° F ... Meat, fish

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Definition: Ground Source Heat Pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pumps Pumps Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Source Heat Pumps A Ground Source Heat Pump is a central building heating and/or cooling system that takes advantage of the relatively constant year-round ground temperature to pump heat to or from the ground.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A geothermal heat pump or ground source heat pump (GSHP) is a central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat to or from the ground. It uses the earth as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer). This design takes advantage of the moderate temperatures in the ground to boost efficiency and reduce the operational costs of heating and cooling systems, and may be combined with solar heating to form a geosolar system with even greater efficiency. Ground source heat pumps

402

Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground Source Heap Pump Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Ground Source Heap Pump Data Mining Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities

403

Optical Diagnostics Thomas Tsang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Diagnostics Thomas Tsang · tight environment · high radiation area · non-serviceable area · passive components · optics only, no active electronics · transmit image through flexible fiber bundle #12;New imaging fiber bundle Core size: 12 ”m, diameter: 1/8" Optical Diagnostics Total fiber counts ~50

McDonald, Kirk

404

REVIEW ARTICLE Optical trapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW ARTICLE Optical trapping Keir C. Neuman and Steven M. Blocka) Department of Biological ago, optical traps have emerged as a powerful tool with broad-reaching applications in biology--and the measurement of nanometer-level displacements of--optically trapped objects. We review progress

Block, Steven

405

Appendix E Supporting Information for Ground Water Modeling  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Supporting Information for Ground Water Modeling Supporting Information for Ground Water Modeling This page intentionally left blank Contents Section Geologic Map of Site Area ........................................................................................................ E1.O Stream Flow Measurements ...................................................................................................... E2.0 Estimates of Ground Water Flow .............................................................................................. E3.0 .......................................... MODFLOW Flow Budget Analysis for OU 1 1 1 Model Subregions E4.0 ............................................................................ Burro Canyon Aquifer Ground Water Model E5.0 This page intentionally left blank

406

Recommendation 195: Mitigation of Contamination in Bear Creek Burial Grounds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ORSSAB requests DOE provide possible remedial actions to mitigate releases of contamination from Bear Creek Burial Grounds.

407

University of Central Florida College of Optics & Photonics Optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Central Florida College of Optics & Photonics Optics Spring 2010 OSE-6432: Principles of guided wave optics; electro -optics, acousto-optics and optoelectronics. Location: CREOL-A-214 or by Appointment Reference Materials: 1. Class Notes. 2. "Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides", K. Okamoto, Academic

Van Stryland, Eric

408

All-optical high-resolution magnetic resonance using a nitrogen-vacancy spin in diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an all-optical scheme to prolong the quantum coherence of a negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond. Optical control of the NV spin suppresses energy fluctuations of the $^{3}\\text{A}_{2}$ ground states and forms an energy gap protected subspace. By optical control, the spectral linewidth of magnetic resonance is much narrower and the measurement of the frequencies of magnetic field sources has higher resolution. The optical control also improves the sensitivity of the magnetic field detection and can provide measurement of the directions of signal sources.

Zhen-Yu Wang; Jian-Ming Cai; Alex Retzker; Martin B. Plenio

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

409

Overcoming Barriers to Ground Source Heat Pumps in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overcoming Barriers to Ground Source Heat Pumps in California Geothermal Resources Development Account http://www.energy.ca.gov/geothermal/ grda.html May 2011 The Issue Ground source heat pumps can far made little impact in California. Estimates are that adoption of ground source heat pumps

410

Near perfect optics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses a novel fabrication process to produce nearly perfect optics. The process utilizes vacuum deposition techniques to optimally modify polished optical substrate surfaces. The surface figure, i.e. contour of a polished optical element, is improved by differentially filling in the low spots on the surface using flux from a physical vapor deposition source through an appropriate mask. The process is expected to enable the manufacture of diffraction-limited optical systems for the UV, extreme UV, and soft X-ray spectral regions, which would have great impact on photolithography and astronomy. This same technique may also reduce the fabrication cost of visible region optics with aspheric surfaces.

Goeke, R.; Farnsworth, A.V.; Neumann, C.C.; Sweatt, W.C.; Warren, M.E.; Weed, J.W.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Stress-induced switching of nonlinear optical properties of linear polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Replacement of every other hydrogen atom in trans-polyacetylene by other atoms, such as fluorine, results in a simple linear polymer with two carbon atoms per unit cell of the polymer chain. In such polymers, dimerization can be induced or destroyed reversibly by the application of a uniaxial stress. As a consequence, the nonlinear optical properties can be switched dramatically between those of dimerized chains, which have degenerate ground states, and nondimerized chains, which have a nondegenerate ground state.

Olle Heinonen

1990-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Ground-Based Radiometric Observations of Atmospheric Water for Climate Research J. B. Snider, D. A. Hazen, A. J. Francavilla, W. B. Madsen, and M. D. Jacobson National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction Surface-based microwave and infrared radiometers have been employed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Environmental Technology Laboratory (NOAA/ETL) in climate research since 1987. The ability of these systems to operate continuously and unattended for extended periods of time has provided significant new information on atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid. These data are being employed to improve our understanding of cloud-radiation feedback mechanisms, an understanding

413

Ground Ring Of Two Dimensional String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

String theories with two dimensional space-time target spaces are characterized by the existence of a ``ground ring'' of operators of spin $(0,0)$. By understanding this ring, one can understand the symmetries of the theory and illuminate the relation of the critical string theory to matrix models. The symmetry groups that arise are, roughly, the area preserving diffeomorphisms of a two dimensional phase space that preserve the fermi surface (of the matrix model) and the volume preserving diffeomorphisms of a three dimensional cone. The three dimensions in question are the matrix eigenvalue, its canonical momentum, and the time of the matrix model.

Edward Witten

1991-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

414

Limiting factors in ground water remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If one is charged with restoring a contaminated aquifer today, the procedure of pumping contaminated water to the surface for treatment and discharge is most often the state-of-practice technology. The perceived success of pump-and-treat technology can be misleading if the hydrology and contaminant characteristics at the site are not adequately understood. A failure to understand the processes controlling contaminant transport can result in extremely long pumping periods and, consequently, costly and inefficient remediation. Effects of tailing, sorption, and residual immiscible fluids on time required for pump-and-treat remediation of ground water are discussed.

Clinton W. Hall; Jeffrey A. Johnson

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Best Possible Strategy for Finding Ground States  

SciTech Connect

Finding the ground state of a system with a complex energy landscape is important for many physical problems including protein folding, spin glasses, chemical clusters, and neural networks. Such problems are usually solved by heuristic search methods whose efficacy is judged by empirical performance on selected examples. We present a proof that, within the large class of algorithms that simulate a random walk on the landscape, threshold accepting is the best possible strategy. In particular, it can perform better than simulated annealing and Tsallis statistics. Our proof is the first example of a provably optimal strategy in this area.

Franz, Astrid; Hoffmann, Karl Heinz; Salamon, Peter

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

416

Geometric renormalization below the ground state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The caloric gauge was introduced by Tao with studying large data energy critical wave maps mapping from $\\mathbf{R}^{2+1}$ to hyperbolic space $\\mathbf{H}^m$ in view. In \\cite{BIKT} Bejenaru, Ionescu, Kenig, and Tataru adapted the caloric gauge to the setting of Schr\\"odinger maps from $\\mathbf{R}^{d + 1}$ to the standard sphere $S^2 \\hookrightarrow \\mathbf{R}^3$ with initial data small in the critical Sobolev norm. Here we develop the caloric gauge in a bounded geometry setting with a construction valid up to the ground state energy.

Paul Smith

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

417

Modular Optical PDV System  

SciTech Connect

A modular optical photon Doppler velocimetry (PDV) detector system has been developed by using readily available optical components with a 20-GHz Miteq optical detector into eight channels of single-wide modules integrated into a 3U rack unit (1U = 1.75 inches) with a common power supply. Optical fibers were precisely trimmed, welded, and timed within each unit. This system has been used to collect dynamic velocity data on various physics experiments. An optical power meter displays the laser input power to the module and optical power at the detector. An adjustable micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) optical attenuator is used to adjust the amount of unshifted light entering the detector. Front panel LEDs show the presence of power to the module. A fully loaded chassis with eight channels consumes 45 watts of power. Each chassis requires 1U spacing above and below for heat management. Modules can be easily replaced.

Araceli Rutkowski, David Esquibel

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

418

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity.

Dooley, Joseph B. (Harriman, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Tobin, Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity. 2 figures.

Dooley, J.B.; Muhs, J.D.; Tobin, K.W.

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

120 Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation 32, no. 1/ Winter 2012/pages 120130 NGWA.org Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

120 Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation 32, no. 1/ Winter 2012/pages 120­130 NGWA.org Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation © 2011, National Ground Water Association. Published 2011. This article known as emerging contaminants (ECs) to surrounding groundwater and surface water. ECs consist

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

U.S. Department of Energy UMTRA Ground Water Project Ground Water Pumping and Monitoring Plan  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GWMON 1.12-1 GWMON 1.12-1 U.S. Department of Energy UMTRA Ground Water Project Ground Water Pumping and Monitoring Plan for the Land Farm Pilot Test Monument Valley, Arizona August 2000 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Ofice Grand Junction, Colorado Project Number UGW-5 1 1-001 5-21-000 Document Number U0106701 This page intentionally left blank Document Number U0106701 Contents Contents 1.0 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Purpose and Scope ........................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Pilot-Test Extraction Wellfield 2 4.0 Water Elevation Measurements and Monitoring ............... 4

422

Ground Water Management Act (Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ground Water Management Act (Virginia) Ground Water Management Act (Virginia) Ground Water Management Act (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Virginia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Virginia Department of Environmental Quality Under the Ground Water Management Act of 1992, Virginia manages ground water through a program regulating the withdrawals in certain areas called

423

Sympathetic Cooling with Two Atomic Species in an Optical Trap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We simultaneously trap ultracold lithium and cesium atoms in an optical dipole trap formed by the focus of a CO2 laser and study the exchange of thermal energy between the gases. The optically cooled cesium gas efficiently decreases the temperature of the lithium gas through sympathetic cooling. Equilibrium temperatures down to 25 ?K have been reached. The measured cross section for thermalizing 133Cs-7Li collisions is 8Ś10-12 cm2, for both species unpolarized in their lowest hyperfine ground state. Besides thermalization, we observe evaporation of lithium purely through elastic cesium-lithium collisions (sympathetic evaporation).

M. Mudrich; S. Kraft; K. Singer; R. Grimm; A. Mosk; M. Weidemüller

2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Ship Effect Measurements With Fiber Optic Neutron Detector  

SciTech Connect

The main objectives of this research project was to assemble, operate, test and characterize an innovatively designed scintillating fiber optic neutron radiation detector manufactured by Innovative American Technology with possible application to the Department of Homeland Security screening for potential radiological and nuclear threats at US borders (Kouzes 2004). One goal of this project was to make measurements of the neutron ship effect for several materials. The Virginia State University DOE FaST/NSF summer student-faculty team made measurements with the fiber optic radiation detector at PNNL above ground to characterize the ship effect from cosmic neutrons, and underground to characterize the muon contribution.

King, Kenneth L.; Dean, Rashe A.; Akbar, Shahzad; Kouzes, Richard T.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

Wavelength- and thickness-independent optical coatings for integrated circuit metallization layers  

SciTech Connect

Detailed measurements have been made of the optical properties of sputtered tantalum silicide films on aluminum layers used in integrated circuit fabrication. This new multicomponent conductor (TaSi/sub x/ on aluminum), which is currently in use because of its exceptional electrical, physical, and chemical properties, was also found to have superior optical properties compared to aluminum alone. The addition of the thin silicide layers reduces both the total hemispherical and diffuse reflectance properties by up to 45% over the 265--800-nm wavelength range with almost no dependence on film thickness. Unlike other optical coatings used on metal layers in integrated circuit manufacturing, the silicide films do not need to be removed after photolithography and pattern transfer processes are completed: aluminum wire bonding from the completed circuit (with silicide coating) to the package is highly reliable and reproducible.

Draper, B.L.; Mahoney, A.R.; Bailey, G.A.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Development of Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting wire for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

Nb{sub 3}Sn strand for high field fusion magnets has been developed at AISA within the framework of a NET (Next European Torus) contract. The aim of this work is to manufacture by an industrial internal tin process a high critical current density Nb{sub 3}Sn strand with low losses in pulsed field applications ({+-}3 T). Manufacturing results and wire performances are reported in this paper which also includes discussion on the kinetics of bronze formations at different reactions temperatures and on the possible RRR degradation of the reacted chrome-coated strand.

Hoang, G.K.; Bruzek, C.E.; Sulten, P.; Mougenot, P.; Peltier, F.; Grunblatt, G. [GEC Alsthom Intermagnetics, Belfort (France)] [GEC Alsthom Intermagnetics, Belfort (France)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Ground Motion Studies at NuMI  

SciTech Connect

Ground motion can cause significant deterioration in the luminosity of a linear collider. Vibration of numerous focusing magnets causes continuous misalignments, which makes the beam emittance grow. For this reason, understanding the seismic vibration of all potential LC sites is essential and related efforts in many sites are ongoing. In this document we summarize the results from the studies specific to Fermilab grounds as requested by the LC project leader at FNAL, Shekhar Mishra in FY04-FY06. The Northwestern group focused on how the ground motion effects vary with depth. Knowledge of depth dependence of the seismic activity is needed in order to decide how deep the LC tunnel should be at sites like Fermilab. The measurements were made in the NuMI tunnel, see Figure 1. We take advantage of the fact that from the beginning to the end of the tunnel there is a height difference of about 350 ft and that there are about five different types of dolomite layers. The support received allowed to pay for three months of salary of Michal Szleper. During this period he worked a 100% of his time in this project. That include one week of preparation: 2.5 months of data taking and data analysis during the full period of the project in order to guarantee that we were recording high quality data. We extended our previous work and made more systematic measurements, which included detailed studies on stability of the vibration amplitudes at different depths over long periods of time. As a consequence, a better control and more efficient averaging out of the daytime variation effects were possible, and a better study of other time dependences before the actual depth dependence was obtained. Those initial measurements were made at the surface and are summarized in Figure 2. All measurements are made with equipment that we already had (two broadband seismometers KS200 from GEOTECH and DL-24 portable data recorder). The offline data analysis took advantage of the full Fourier spectra information and the noise was properly subtracted. The basic formalism is summarized if Figure 3. The second objective was to make a measurement deeper under ground (Target hall, Absorber hall and Minos hall - 150 ft to 350 ft), which previous studies did not cover. All results are summarized in Figure 3 and 4. The measurements were covering a frequency range between 0.1 to 50 Hz. The data was taken continuously for at least a period of two weeks in each of the locations. We concluded that the dependence on depth is weak, if any, for frequencies above 1 Hz and not visible at all at lower frequencies. Most of the attenuation (factor of about 2-3) and damping of ground motion that is due to cultural activity at the surface is not detectable once we are below 150 ft underground. Therefore, accelerator currently under consideration can be build at the depth and there is no need to go deeper underground is built at Fermi National Laboratory.

Mayda M. Velasco; Michal Szleper

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

Hyperspectral Aerosol Optical Depths from TCAP Flights  

SciTech Connect

4STAR (Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research), the world’s first hyperspectral airborne tracking sunphotometer, acquired aerosol optical depths (AOD) at 1 Hz during all July 2012 flights of the Two Column Aerosol Project (TCAP). Root-mean square differences from AERONET ground-based observations were 0.01 at wavelengths between 500-1020 nm, 0.02 at 380 and 1640 nm and 0.03 at 440 nm in four clear-sky fly-over events, and similar in ground side-by-side comparisons. Changes in the above-aircraft AOD across 3-km-deep spirals were typically consistent with integrals of coincident in situ (on DOE Gulfstream 1 with 4STAR) and lidar (on NASA B200) extinction measurements within 0.01, 0.03, 0.01, 0.02, 0.02, 0.02 at 355, 450, 532, 550, 700, 1064 nm, respectively, despite atmospheric variations and combined measurement uncertainties. Finer vertical differentials of the 4STAR measurements matched the in situ ambient extinction profile within 14% for one homogeneous column. For the AOD observed between 350-1660 nm, excluding strong water vapor and oxygen absorption bands, estimated uncertainties were ~0.01 and dominated by (then) unpredictable throughput changes, up to +/-0.8%, of the fiber optic rotary joint. The favorable intercomparisons herald 4STAR’s spatially-resolved high-frequency hyperspectral products as a reliable tool for climate studies and satellite validation.

Shinozuka, Yohei; Johnson, Roy R.; Flynn, Connor J.; Russell, P. B.; Schmid, Beat; Redemann, Jens; Dunagan, Stephen; Kluzek, Celine D.; Hubbe, John M.; Segal-Rosenheimer, Michal; Livingston, J. M.; Eck, T.; Wagener, Richard; Gregory, L.; Chand, Duli; Berg, Larry K.; Rogers, Ray; Ferrare, R. A.; Hair, John; Hostetler, Chris A.; Burton, S. P.

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

429

Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media RID B-9041-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements of the nonlinear Faraday effect in- volve an ensemble of atoms with ground-state Zeeman sub- levels interacting with a linearly polarized laser beam. In the absence of a magnetic field, the two circularly polarized components generate a..., and nonlinear optics at low light level PACS number~s!: 42.50.Gy, 07.55.Ge Resonant magneto-optic effects, such as the nonlinear Faraday and Voigt effects @1,2#, are important tools in high- precision laser spectroscopy. Applications to both fundamen- tal...

Sautenkov, V. A.; Lukin, M. D.; Bednar, CJ; Novikova, I.; Mikhailov, E.; Fleischhauer, M.; Velichansky, V. L.; Welch, George R.; Scully, Marlan O.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Quantitative compositional analysis and strain study of InAs quantum wires with InGaAlAs barrier layers  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative compositional analysis of InAs quantum wires deposited between In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.37}Al{sub 0.1}As barrier layers grown on InP substrates was performed by electron energy loss spectrometry and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. An indium-rich region in the center of the wire, with decreasing indium concentration toward the interface with the barrier layers, was observed from indium concentration maps for individual quantum wires. 'Stripelike' contrast modulation was observed in diffraction contrast transmission electron microscope images of the In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.37}Al{sub 0.1}As barrier layer immediately above the quantum wires. The contrast originated from indium compositional modulations in the upper barrier layer as confirmed by electron energy loss spectrometry and the modulation is attributed to the presence of an inhomogeneous elastic strain field generated by the buried quantum wires. These results suggest that quantitative analysis of the composition and strain distributions at very high spatial resolution provides insights necessary to further model the physical properties and to understand the growth of these nanostructures.

Cui, K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Robertson, M. D. [Department of Physics, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS, B4P 2R6 (Canada); Robinson, B. J. [Center for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Andrei, C. M. [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Thompson, D. A. [Center for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

PROCESSING OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE Nb{sub 3}Sn WIRES THROUGH A NEW DIFFUSION REACTION USING Sn BASED ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect

Tightly consolidated Sn-Ta and Sn-B based alloys have been prepared by the reaction among constituent metal powders at 750-775 deg. C. Sn-Ta and Sn-B based alloys exhibit quite similar microstructures. A small amount of Ti addition seems to improve the bonding between Ta or B particles and Sn matrix. Nb{sub 3}Sn wires have been fabricated by the Jelly Roll (JR) and Multi-rod (MR) process using Sn based alloy sheet and rod, respectively. Thick Nb{sub 3}Sn layers with nearly stoichiometric A15 composition are synthesized through a new diffusion mechanism between Nb and Sn based alloy. B{sub c2}(4.2 K)'s of 26.9 T (mid) and 26.5 T (mid) have been obtained in the JR and MR processed wires, respectively, using Sn-Ta based alloy. These wires exhibit enough non-Cu J{sub c} to be used above 20 T and 4.2 K. T{sub c} of JR wires using Sn-B based sheet is 18.14 K (offset) which is slightly higher than that of wires using Sn-Ta based sheet.

Tachikawa, K.; Sasaki, H.; Yamaguchi, M.; Hayashi, Y.; Nakata, K. [Faculty of Engineering, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Takeuchi, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

432

Thunderstorm and Lightning Studies using the FORTE Optical Lightning System (FORTE/OLS)  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary observations of simultaneous RF and optical emissions from lightning as seen by the FORTE spacecraft are presented. RF/optical pairs of waveforms are routinely collected both as individual lightning events and as sequences of events associated with cloud-to-ground (CG) and intra-cloud (IC) flashes. CG pulses can be distinguished from IC pulses based on the properties of the RF and optical waveforms, but mostly based on the associated RF spectrograms. The RF spectrograms are very similar to previous ground-based VHF observations of lightning and show signatures associated with return strokes, stepped and dart leaders, and attachment processes,. RF emissions are observed to precede the arrival of optical emissions at the satellite by a mean value of 280 microseconds. The dual phenomenology nature of these observations are discussed in terms of their ability to contribute to a satellite-based lightning monitoring mission.

Argo, P.; Franz, R.; Green, J.; Guillen, J.L.; Jacobson, A.R.; Kirkland, M.; Knox, S.; Spalding, R.; Suszcynsky, D.M.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Entry Dispersion Analysis for the HAYABUSA Spacecraft using Ground-Based Optical Observation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......backup plans for predicting the landing location were prepared. This...trouble. We also evaluated the landing dispersion of HAYABUSA only...in 1999 to collect dust from comet Wild-2 Desai et al. (2008...view). Figure 9 depicts the landing dispersion ellipse for cases......

Tomohiro Yamaguchi; Makoto Yoshikawa; Masafumi Yagi; David J. Tholen

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

434

Personnel Grounding and Safety: Issues and Solutions Related to Servicing Optical Fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Association, Inc.; Dale Bradshaw, Tennessee Valley Authority; Ani Chitambar, Entergy; Bruce Dietzman, Oncor

435

Transpiration purged optical probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical apparatus for clearly viewing the interior of a containment vessel by applying a transpiration fluid to a volume directly in front of the external surface of the optical element of the optical apparatus. The fluid is provided by an external source and transported by means of an annular tube to a capped end region where the inner tube is perforated. The perforation allows the fluid to stream axially towards the center of the inner tube and then axially away from an optical element which is positioned in the inner tube just prior to the porous sleeve. This arrangement draws any contaminants away from the optical element keeping it free of contaminants. In one of several embodiments, the optical element can be a lens, a viewing port or a laser, and the external source can provide a transpiration fluid having either steady properties or time varying properties.

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

436

Quantum optical waveform conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently proposed architectures for long-distance quantum communication rely on networks of quantum processors connected by optical communications channels [1,2]. The key resource for such networks is the entanglement of matter-based quantum systems with quantum optical fields for information transmission. The optical interaction bandwidth of these material systems is a tiny fraction of that available for optical communication, and the temporal shape of the quantum optical output pulse is often poorly suited for long-distance transmission. Here we demonstrate that nonlinear mixing of a quantum light pulse with a spectrally tailored classical field can compress the quantum pulse by more than a factor of 100 and flexibly reshape its temporal waveform, while preserving all quantum properties, including entanglement. Waveform conversion can be used with heralded arrays of quantum light emitters to enable quantum communication at the full data rate of optical telecommunications.

D Kielpinski; JF Corney; HM Wiseman

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

437

On the nature and removal of saw marks on diamond wire sawn multicrystalline silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Clearly visible saw marks are a significant barrier to commercial use of diamond wire sawn multicrystalline silicon wafers for solar cells. Two types of saw marks on the diamond-cut multicrystalline silicon wafers are identified—the millimeter scale round-run fringes caused by round-running of the saw wires, and the micron scale scratches caused by scribing of the diamond tips. The latter consists of smooth and shiny grooves covered by a thin layer of amorphous phase. The micro-roughness of diamond-cut wafers is actually ~25% less than that of the conventional slurry-cut wafers. The reason for the visibility of the round-run fringes to naked eyes, and for the relatively rough appearance of diamond-cut wafers, is the visual enhancement from the shiny scratches. Therefore, the key to remove the round-run fringes is to roughen the smooth grooves, as flattening the very slightly sloped fringe zones is very difficult due to lack of chemical contrast over them. Acid-etching texturization cannot remove the saw marks on the diamond-cut silicon wafers. Alkaline-etching can only remove the saw marks on grains near (0 0 1) orientation. A vapor blast etching method has been attempted. The preliminary result is encouraging—complete removal of the saw marks has been achieved, along with a good surface texture, which reduces the light reflectivity to 19%.

Wenhao Chen; Xiaomei Liu; Miao Li; Chuanqiang Yin; Lang Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

MELT WIRE SENSORS AVAILABLE TO DETERMINE PEAK TEMPERATURES IN ATR IRRADIATION TESTING  

SciTech Connect

In April 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) designated the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) a National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) to advance US leadership in nuclear science and technology. By attracting new users from universities, laboratories, and industry, the ATR will support basic and applied nuclear research and development and help address the nation's energy security needs. In support of this new program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed in-house capabilities to fabricate, test, and qualify new and enhanced temperature sensors for irradiation testing. Although most efforts emphasize sensors capable of providing real-time data, selected tasks have been completed to enhance sensors provided in irradiation locations where instrumentation leads cannot be included, such as drop-in capsule and Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) or 'rabbit' locations. To meet the need for these locations, the INL has developed melt wire temperature sensors for use in ATR irradiation testing. Differential scanning calorimetry and environmental testing of prototypical sensors was used to develop a library of 28 melt wire materials, capable of detecting peak irradiation temperatures ranging from 85 to 1500°C. This paper will discuss the development work and present test results.

K. L. Davis; D. Knudson; J. Daw; J. Palmer; J. L. Rempe

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Mechanical Design and Evaluation of the MP-11-Like Wire Scanner Prototype  

SciTech Connect

A wire scanner (WS) is a linearly actuated diagnostic device that uses fiber wires (such as Tungsten or Silicon Carbide) to obtain the position and intensity profile of the proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) particle accelerator. LANSCE will be installing approximately 86 new WS in the near future as part of the LANSCE Risk Mitigation project. These 86 new WS include the replacement of many current WS and some newly added to the current linear accelerator and other beam lines. The reason for the replacement and addition of WS is that many of the existing actuators have parts that are no longer readily available and are difficult to find, thus making maintenance very difficult. One of the main goals is to construct the new WS with as many commercially-available-off-the-shelf components as possible. In addition, faster beam scans (both mechanically and in term of data acquisition) are desired for better operation of the accelerator. This document outlines the mechanical design of the new MP-11-like WS prototype and compares it to a previously built and tested SNS-like WS prototype.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Jason P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

Engineering Nanocolumnar Defect Configurations for Optimized Vortex Pinning in High Temperature Superconducting Nanocomposite Wires  

SciTech Connect

High temperature superconducting (HTS), coated conductor wires based on nanocomposite films containing self-assembled, insulating BaZrO3 (BZO) nanocolumnar defects have previously been reported to exhibit enhanced vortex pinning. Here, we report on microstructural design via control of BZO nanocolumns density in YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO)+BZO nancomposite films to achieve the highest critical current density, Jc(H, ,T). X-ray diffraction and microstructural examination shows increasing number density of epitaxial BZO nanocolumns in the highly cube-textured YBCO matrix with increasing nominal BZO additions. Transport property measurement reveals that an increase in BZO content upto 4 vol% is required to sustain the highest pinning and Jc performance as the magnetic field increases. By growing thicker, single-layer nanocomposite films (~4 m) with controlled density of BZO columnar defects, the critical current (Ic) of ~1000 A/cm at 77 K, self-field and the minimum Ic of 455 A/cm at 65 K and 3 T for all magnetic field orientations were obtained. This is the highest Ic reported to date for films on metallic templates which are the basis for the 2nd generation, coated conductor-based HTS wires.

Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Ahuja, Raj [Waukesha Electric Systems Inc.; Abiade, J. [North Carolina A& T State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies  

SciTech Connect

As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

442

CALIBRATION OF WIRE-LIKE MANGANIN GAUGES FOR USE IN PLANAR SHOCK-WAVE EXPERIMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Piezoresistive gauges have been used extensively for many decades as in-material stress transducers during shock wave experiments. Manganin demonstrates a high piezoresistive response which is relatively temperature independent. As such manganin gauges have been widely calibrated by many authors for use during shock-wave experiments. The precise calibration has been demonstrated to depend on both the chemical composition and mechanical history of the manganin, and on the geometry of the gauge. The research presented in this paper refers to the calibration of a commercially available manganin gauge, Micro-measurements J2M-SS-580SF-025, generally referred to as the T-gauge owing to its geometry. The T-gauge has seen widespread use as a pressure transducer to measure lateral stress during plate-impact experiments. It has been previously proposed that T-gauges have a similar response to the grid foil-like manganin gauges extensively calibrated by Rosenberg et al. However, recently it has been suggested that they in fact behave in a wire-like manner. The results presented here demonstrate that the gauges' behaviour is wire-like when mounted to measure longitudinal stress. A modified calibration can be applied successfully to convert the relative resistance change to the stress normal to the gauge element. These results have important ramifications for the reduction of lateral stress measurements previously made using the T-gauge.

Chapman, David J.; Braithwaite, Christopher H.; Proud, William G. [Fracture and Shock Physics, SMF Group, Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

443

Optical atomic magnetometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical atomic magnetometers is provided operating on the principles of nonlinear magneto-optical rotation. An atomic vapor is optically pumped using linearly polarized modulated light. The vapor is then probed using a non-modulated linearly polarized light beam. The resulting modulation in polarization angle of the probe light is detected and used in a feedback loop to induce self-oscillation at the resonant frequency.

Budker, Dmitry; Higbie, James; Corsini, Eric P

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

444

Definition: Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetics Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Magnetics The surface magnetic method is the study of the distribution of magnetic minerals in the upper 20-30km of the earth's crust, recorded at an observation point on the earth's surface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A magnetometer, (pronounced mag-ne-TOM-e-ter), is a measuring instrument used to measure the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field, produced either in the laboratory or existing in nature. Some countries such as the USA, Canada and Australia classify the more sensitive magnetometers as military technology, and control their distribution. The International System of Units unit of measure for the strength of a magnetic field is the Tesla. This is a very large unit of magnetic field.

445

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Grounds Maintenance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates an award-winning grounds maintenance program that comprises a comprehensive landscape and irrigation management program. The program has helped the laboratory reduce its water use for irrigation by 30%. PNNL is located in Richland, Washington, and is managed and operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). PNNL scientists and engineers perform research on a variety of subjects, including energy and national security. PNNL has more than 4,200 staff members, sits on 600 acres, and houses 2 million square feet of facilities. The laboratory is located in an arid region of the state, receiving only eight inches of precipitation annually. It has more than 100 acres of turf and landscaped areas and

446

Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band ground penetrating radar system (10) embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals (60) is produced by a single radio frequency source (16) and provided to a transmit antenna (26) for transmission to a target (54) and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna (28). A phase modulator (18) modulates those portion of the radio frequency signals (62) to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal (62) is combined in a mixer (34) with the original radio frequency signal (60) to produce a resultant signal (53) which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals (66) the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot (68) which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform unit 44 into frequency domain data (70) wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target (54) and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target (54).

Bashforth, Michael B. (Buellton, CA); Gardner, Duane (Santa Maria, CA); Patrick, Douglas (Santa Maria, CA); Lewallen, Tricia A. (Ventura, CA); Nammath, Sharyn R. (Santa Barbara, CA); Painter, Kelly D. (Goleta, CA); Vadnais, Kenneth G. (Alexandria, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Optics in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For Brazilian scientists, optics is considered a leading field in technology transfer. The discipline plays a large role in the country?s ongoing scientific ...

Bagnato, Vanderlei; Brito Cruz, Carlos H de

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

LSST Camera Optics Design  

SciTech Connect

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) uses a novel, three-mirror, telescope design feeding a camera system that includes a set of broad-band filters and three refractive corrector lenses to produce a flat field at the focal plane with a wide field of view. Optical design of the camera lenses and filters is integrated in with the optical design of telescope mirrors to optimize performance. We discuss the rationale for the LSST camera optics design, describe the methodology for fabricating, coating, mounting and testing the lenses and filters, and present the results of detailed analyses demonstrating that the camera optics will meet their performance goals.

Riot, V J; Olivier, S; Bauman, B; Pratuch, S; Seppala, L; Gilmore, D; Ku, J; Nordby, M; Foss, M; Antilogus, P; Morgado, N

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Optically measuring interior cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of an interior cavity includes the steps of collecting a first optical slice of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, collecting additional optical slices of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, and combining the first optical slice of data and the additional optical slices of data to calculate of the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity.

Stone, Gary Franklin (Livermore, CA)

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

450

Optical limiting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.

McBranch, Duncan W. (Santa Fe, NM); Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Koskelo, Aaron C. (Los Alamos, NM); Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Robinson, Jeanne M. (Los Alamos, NM); Smilowitz, Laura B. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Cha, Myoungsik (Goleta, CA); Sariciftci, N. Serdar (Santa Barbara, CA); Hummelen, Jan C. (Groningen, NL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nanotechnology for Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent optical networks will rely on electronics for control and monitoring. Integrating infrared optoelectronic devices such as lasers, modulators, and detectors onto silicon...

Sargent, Edward

452

Transverse Optical Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic interactions with light are usually so small that they are ignored, even in nonlinear optics. Scientists have discovered that parametric processes can drive the interactions...

Rand, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Optical contact micrometer  

SciTech Connect

Certain examples provide optical contact micrometers and methods of use. An example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable lenses to receive an object and immobilize the object in a position. The example optical contact micrometer includes a pair of opposable mirrors positioned with respect to the pair of lenses to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses. The example optical contact micrometer includes a microscope to facilitate viewing of the object through the lenses via the mirrors; and an interferometer to obtain one or more measurements of the object.

Jacobson, Steven D.

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

454

Fabrication of multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge) wires through a modified jelly roll process  

SciTech Connect

Recently, development of Nb/sub 3/Al multifilamentary wires has gained much interests since high-field performance superior to that of Nb/sub 3/Sn can be expected in these wires. In this study, Nb/Al-Ge alloy composites were fabricated into multifilamentary wires through a modified jelly roll (MJR) process. A Nb mesh sheet produced at the Teledyne Wah Chang Co. was used as Nb component. An Al-Ge alloy prepared by a conventional casting process was forged and rolled into a sheet of 0.2 mm in thickness. The Nb/Al-Ge composite was prepared by wrapping the Nb mesh sheet together with the Al-Ge alloy sheet around a Nb core into a jelly roll form. The MJR composite was encased in a Cu-Ni alloy tube of which outer diameter was 43 mm. The resulting composite was hydrostatically pressed and extruded into a rod of 18 mm in diameter. A Nb barrier was then inserted between the MJR and the Cu-Ni jacket. The composite rod was swaged and drawn into a wire without any intermediate annealing. The wire was able to be drawn down to a very small diameter of 0.1 mm. The cross-sectional configuration of the MJR composite was not much disturbed by the fabrication. Superconducting transition temperature Tc of the wire, after different heat treatment including a rapid quenching from high temperatures by a continuous electron beam irradiation, was studied, and an onset Tc of 19.3K has been achieved.

Tachikawa, K.; Kamisada, Y.; Suzuki, E.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Generic framework for the secure Yuen 2000 quantum-encryption protocol employing the wire-tap channel approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the security, against known-plaintext attacks, of the Yuen 2000 (Y00) quantum-encryption protocol can be considered via the wire-tap channel model assuming that the heterodyne measurement yields the sample for security evaluation. Employing the results reported on the wire-tap channel, a generic framework is proposed for developing secure Y00 instantiations. The proposed framework employs a dedicated encoding which together with inherent quantum noise at the attacker’s side provides Y00 security.

Miodrag J. Mihaljevi?

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

456

Solid state device for two-wire downhole temperature measurement as a function of current. Final performance technical report  

SciTech Connect

Several metals systems were reviewed for their potential to act as resistive temperature devices. Platinum metal was selected as the metal of choice. Platinum was plated onto 5 mil copper wire, and then subsequently coated with Accusol's proprietary ceramic coating. The copper was etched out in an attempt to make a pure platinum, high resistive, resistive-temperature device. The platinum plating on the wire cracked during processing, resulting in a discontinuous layer of platinum, and the element could not be formed in this way.

Anderson, Roger; Anderson, David

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mt Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A ground magnetic survey located no anomaly with an amplitude of more than 20 or 30 gammas that could be associated with the thermal anomaly, however the magnetic data did outline the Cretaceous stock in great detail and allow the removal from the gravity field of the effect of the stock. References D. D. Blackwell (Unknown) Exploration In A Blind Geothermal Area Near Marysville, Montana, Usa Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Marysville_Mt_Area_(Blackwell)&oldid=389390"

458

AN INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM OPTICS...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM OPTICS... ...the light as you've never seen before... Optics:http://science.howstuffworks.com/laser5.htm #12;5 DEFINITION Quantum Optics: "Quantum optics is a field in quantum physics, dealing OPTICS OPERATORS Light is described in terms of field operators for creation and annihilation of photons

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

459

Thin-film fiber optic hydrogen and temperature sensor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention discloses a sensor probe device for monitoring of hydrogen gas concentrations and temperatures by the same sensor probe. The sensor probe is constructed using thin-film deposition methods for the placement of a multitude of layers of materials sensitive to hydrogen concentrations and temperature on the end of a light transparent lens located within the sensor probe. The end of the lens within the sensor probe contains a lens containing a layer of hydrogen permeable material which excludes other reactive gases, a layer of reflective metal material that forms a metal hydride upon absorbing hydrogen, and a layer of semi-conducting solid that is transparent above a temperature dependent minimum wavelength for temperature detection. The three layers of materials are located at the distal end of the lens located within the sensor probe. The lens focuses light generated by broad-band light generator and connected by fiber-optics to the sensor probe, onto a reflective metal material layer, which passes through the semi-conducting solid layer, onto two optical fibers located at the base of the sensor probe. The reflected light is transmitted over fiber optic cables to a spectrometer and system controller. The absence of electrical signals and electrical wires in the sensor probe provides for an elimination of the potential for spark sources when monitoring in hydrogen rich environments, and provides a sensor free from electrical interferences. 3 figs.

Nave, S.E.

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

460

Damage and collapse of double hull tankers in groundings  

SciTech Connect

This paper will discuss and analyze the mechanics of ships in groundings on rock. A damage estimate model in grounding of ships is proposed. The accuracy and applicability of the model are verified by a comparison of experimental results. The progressive collapse analysis of damaged hull sections, under vertical bending moments by use of the ALPS/ISUM computer code, is described. The procedure is applied to grounding simulation of a double hull tanker with transverseless system.

Paik, J.K.; Lee, T.K. [Pusan National Univ. (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Cleanup Verification Package for the 618-8 Burial Ground  

SciTech Connect

This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action for the 618-8 Burial Ground, also referred to as the Solid Waste Burial Ground No. 8, 318-8, and the Early Solid Waste Burial Ground. During its period of operation, the 618-8 site is speculated to have been used to bury uranium-contaminated waste derived from fuel manufacturing, and construction debris from the remodeling of the 313 Building.

M. J. Appel

2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences I Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences I Introduction Sun_8928_001_main.indd 1 1/10/2012 6:35:15 PM #12;G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences Sun_8928_001_main.indd 2 1/10/2012 6:35:15 PM #12;G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences 1 Prolegomenato

Sun, Ron

463

Ground Gravity Survey At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Schaefer...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area (Schaefer, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date 1983 - 1983 Usefulness...

464

5-MW Dynamometer Ground Breaking | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, broke ground for a new 5-MW dynamometer test facility. When complete, the new facility will more than double the wind turbine...

465

Espańola entrepreneur breaks ground; expansion will create 50...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Espaola entrepreneur breaks ground; expansion will create 50 new jobs Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue:...

466

Cleanup Verification Package for the 118-F-1 Burial Ground  

SciTech Connect

This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action for the 118-F-1 Burial Ground on the Hanford Site. This burial ground is a combination of two locations formerly called Minor Construction Burial Ground No. 2 and Solid Waste Burial Ground No. 2. This waste site received radioactive equipment and other miscellaneous waste from 105-F Reactor operations, including dummy elements and irradiated process tubing; gun barrel tips, steel sleeves, and metal chips removed from the reactor; filter boxes containing reactor graphite chips; and miscellaneous construction solid waste.

E. J. Farris and H. M. Sulloway

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

467

Posters Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Posters Preliminary Analysis of Ground-Based Microwave and Infrared Radiance Observations During the Pilot Radiation OBservation Experiment E. R. Westwater, Y. Han, J. H....

468

Hybrid Ground Source System Analysis and Tool Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development Principal Investigator Scott Hackel, Energy Center of Wisconsin Ground Source Heat Pumps Demonstration Projects May 18, 2010 This presentation does not contain any...

469

Building America Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

a home during design and carefully sizing expensive systems such as ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) will result in a closer correlation between modeled and actual energy...

470

EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION RESEARCH OF GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays energy efficiency and environmental protection have got particular attention. After the sustainable development theory had been put forward decades ago. Ground source heat pump… (more)

Zhou, Taian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Trimming of a ground source heat pump system in Saltsjöbaden.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The real performance of ground source heat pumps systems are not precisely highlighted in most cases, especially when it comes to installations older than… (more)

Garnier, Michel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Monitoring SERC Technologies —Geothermal/Ground Source Heat Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A webinar by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Project Leader Dave Peterson about Geothermal/Ground Source Heat Pumps and how to properly monitor its installation.

473

LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately 2 million features are up to eight feet high and...

474

BURNING GROUND RD CDV-SMA-2.3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROUND BUNKER 430 ANCHORRANCH V-SITE 260 332 RESTHOUSE 410 360 PLASTICS Cañon de Valle S-Site Canyon Fish

475

Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battaglia, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Battaglia,...

476

Ground Gravity Survey At Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski,...

477

Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding...

478

Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vapor (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area - Vapor (Warpinski, Et...

479

Hanford Site environmental data for calendar year 1990 -- Ground water  

SciTech Connect

This report tabulates ground-water radiological and chemical data for calendar year 1990 by the Ground-Water Surveillance Project, reported Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Monitoring, and Operational Monitoring. The Ground-Water Surveillance Project is conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory and the RCRA and Operational Monitoring Projects are conducted by the Westinghouse Hanford Company. This document supplements the reports Hanford Site Ground-Water Monitoring for 1990 (Evans et al. 1992) and mental Report for Calendar Year 1990 (Woodruff and Hanf 1991). The data listings provided here were generated from the Hanford Environmental Information System database.

Dresel, P.E.; Bates, D.J.; Merz, J.K.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Ground Water Management District Rules | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Ground Water Management District Rules Abstract This webpage provides information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "optical ground wire" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Future of Optical Astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... I BELIEVE that optical astronomy in Great Britain has now reached, for virtually the first time in its history, ... studied in universities and in Government and industrial laboratories; but with two exceptions, optical astronomy is studied almost entirely in university laboratories only, and its future largely depends on ...

D. E. BLACKWELL

1962-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Optical fuel pin scanner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical scanner for indicia arranged in a focal plane at a cylindrical outside surface by use of an optical system including a rotatable dove prism. The dove prism transmits a rotating image of an encircled cylindrical surface area to a stationary photodiode array.

Kirchner, Tommy L. (Richland, WA); Powers, Hurshal G. (Richland, WA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Optical scanning apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical scanner employed in a radioactive environment for reading indicia imprinted about a cylindrical surface of an article by means of an optical system including metallic reflective and mirror surfaces resistant to degradation and discoloration otherwise imparted to glass surfaces exposed to radiation is described.

Villarreal, R.A.

1985-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

484

Vibration insensitive optical cavity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical cavity is designed and implemented that is insensitive to vibration in all directions. The cavity is mounted with its optical axis in the horizontal plane. A minimum response of 0.1 (3.7)kHz?ms?2 is achieved for low-frequency vertical (horizontal) vibrations.

S. A. Webster; M. Oxborrow; P. Gill

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

485

Multimode optical fiber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A depressed graded-index multimode optical fiber includes a central core, an inner depressed cladding, a depressed trench, an outer depressed cladding, and an outer cladding. The central core has an alpha-index profile. The depressed claddings limit the impact of leaky modes on optical-fiber performance characteristics (e.g., bandwidth, core size, and/or numerical aperture).

Bigot-Astruc, Marianne; Molin, Denis; Sillard, Pierre

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Heat Transfer -2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Transfer - 2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature T = 10o C. The heat transfer coefficient at the wire's surface h equation that includes all heat transfer mechanisms involved in this problem. Write this energy balance

Virginia Tech

487

Pumping in an interacting quantum wire Dipartimento di Fisica ``E. R. Caianiello'' and Unita` I.N.F.M. di Salerno, Universita` di Salerno, Via S. Allende,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pumping in an interacting quantum wire R. Citro Dipartimento di Fisica ``E. R. Caianiello 22 May 2003; published 14 October 2003 We study charge and spin pumping in an interacting one-dimensional wire. We show that a spatially periodic potential modulated in space and time acts as a quantum pump

Niu, Qian

488

Electro-optical voltage sensor head  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A miniature electro-optic voltage sensor system capable of accurate operation at high voltages. The system employs a transmitter, a sensor disposed adjacent to but out of direct electrical contact with a conductor on which the voltage is to be measured, a detector, and a signal processor. The transmitter produces a beam of electromagnetic radiation which is routed into the sensor where the beam undergoes the Pockels electro-optic effect. The electro-optic effect causes phase shifting in the beam, which is in turn converted to a pair of independent beams, from which the voltage of a system based on its E-field is determined when the two beams are normalized by the signal processor. The sensor converts the beam by splitting the beam in accordance with the axes of the beam's polarization state (an ellipse whose ellipticity varies between -1 and +1 in proportion to voltage) into at least two AM signals. These AM signals are fed into a signal processor and processed to determine the voltage between a ground conductor and the conductor on which voltage is being measured.

Woods, Gregory K. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optic fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends.

Kuzmenko, Paul J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Donald T. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer.

Kotter, Dale K. (North Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID)

1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

491

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

492

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer is disclosed. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optical fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends. 2 figures.

Kuzmenko, P.J.; Davis, D.T.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

493

Optically Interconnected MulticomputersUsing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optically Interconnected MulticomputersUsing Inverted-GraphTopologies Tosuccessfullyexploitthebenefitsofopticaltechnologyinatightlycoupledmulticomputer, the architecturaldesignmust reflectboth the advantages and limitationsof optics. This article systems. Although optics have con- tributed dramatically to long-distance communi- cation and more

Krchnavek, Robert R.

494

Optical amplifier-powered quantum optical amplification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that an optical amplifier, when combined with photon subtraction, can be used for quantum state amplification, adding noise at a level below the standard minimum. The device could be used to significantly decrease the probability of incorrectly identifying coherent states chosen from a finite set.

John Jeffers

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

495

Comparison of critical current density in SiC-doped in situ MgB2 coils and straight wire samples processed by HIP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unreacted MgB2 wires fabricated from SiC-doped precursor material by Hyper Tech Research, Inc. have been used to make small-diameter (14 mm) superconducting coils. All coils made of 500 mm length wires were subjected to hot isostatic pressure (HIP) treatment. The critical current density (Jc) parameters of coils were compared to straight samples characteristics. Both types of samples have been measured in perpendicular magnetic field configuration for Jc and pinning force density (Fp) evaluation. No significant Jc difference between the long wires on coils and straight wires was found. These results suggest that the critical current (Ic) for coils can be determined for straight samples (25 mm). SEM analysis indicated that a small diameter of the coil does not influence the structure of in situ MgB2 wire.

D Gajda; A Morawski; A Zaleski; T Cetner; M Ma?ecka; A Presz; M Rindfleisch; M Tomsic; C J Thong; P Surdacki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effect of the Initial Load Parameters on the K?shell Output of Al Planar Wire Arrays Operating in the Microsecond Implosion Regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A set of microsecond implosion experiments was carried on the GIT?12 generator to study the radiative performance of Al planar wire arrays. The load parameters such as a wire diameter a gap between the wires the number of wires and the total planar wire mass and width were varied during the experiments however the implosion time and the peak implosion current were almost the same for all load configurations. This ensured equal energy deposition to the plasma due to kinetic mechanisms for all load configurations. Two implosion regimes with the implosion times of 1050 ns and 850 ns were investigated. The experimental data on the K?shell radiation yield and power at varying load parameters are presented.

A. Shishlov; S. Chaikovsky; A. Fedunin; F. Fursov; V. Kokshenev; N. Kurmaev; A. Labetsky; V. Oreshkin; A. Rousskikh; N. Labetskaya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

ARM - Evaluation Product - Aerosol Optical Depths from SASHE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsAerosol Optical Depths from SASHE ProductsAerosol Optical Depths from SASHE Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Aerosol Optical Depths from SASHE Site(s) PVC SGP General Description The Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer Hemispheric (SASHE) is a ground-based instrument that measures both direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance. In this regard, the instrument is similar to the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR)-an instrument that has been in the ARM Facility stable for more than 15 years. However, the two instruments differ significantly in wavelength resolution and range. In particular, the SASHE provides hyperspectral measurements from about 350 nm to 1700 nm at a wavelength resolution from 1 to several nanometers, while the MFRSR only

498

Particle Capture Efficiency in a Multi-Wire Model for High Gradient Magnetic Separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) is an efficient way to remove magnetic and paramagnetic particles, such as heavy metals, from waste water. As the suspension flows through a magnetized filter mesh, high magnetic gradients around the wires attract and capture the particles, removing them from the fluid. We model such a system by considering the motion of a paramagnetic tracer particle through a periodic array of magnetized cylinders. We show that there is a critical Mason number (ratio of viscous to magnetic forces) below which the particle is captured irrespective of its initial position in the array. Above this threshold, particle capture is only partially successful and depends on the particle's entry position. We determine the relationship between the critical Mason number and the system geometry using numerical and asymptotic calculations. If a capture efficiency below 100% is sufficient, our results demonstrate how operating the HGMS system above the critical Mason number but with multiple separa...

Eisenträger, Almut; Griffiths, Ian M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Application of wire beam electrode technique to investigate initiation and propagation of rebar corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Multi-electrode technique named as wire beam electrode (WBE) was used to study pitting corrosion of rebar under concrete cover. When WBE embedded mortar sample was immersed in NaCl solution, uneven distributions of galvanic current and open circuit potential (OCP) on the WBE were observed due to the initiation of pitting corrosion. The following oxygen depletion in mortar facilitated the negative shift of the OCP and the smoothing of the current and potential distributions. Wetting–drying cycle experiments showed that corrosion products instead of oxygen in wet mortar specimen sustained the propagation of pitting corrosion due to Fe (III) taking part in cathodic depolarization during oxygen-deficient wet period, which was confirmed by micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition, new pitting corrosion occurred mainly near the corrosion products, leading to preferentially horizontal propagation of rust layer on the WBE. A localized corrosion factor was further presented to quantify the localised corrosion based on galvanic current maps.

Shi, Wei; Dong, Ze Hua, E-mail: zehua.dong@gmail.com; Kong, De Jie; Guo, Xing Peng

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

Controlled rolling process for dual phase steels and application to rod, wire, sheet and other shapes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved, energy efficient, hot rolling method for direct production of cold formable dual-phase steel is provided. The steel is heated to completely austenitize it and then continuously hot rolled and cooled down into the ferrite-austenite two phase region to a temperature which is just below the effective Ar[sub 3] temperature. The hot rolled steel is then rapidly quenched to provide an alloy containing strong, tough lath martensite (fibers) in a ductile soft ferrite matrix. The method is particularly useful for providing rods in which form the alloy is capable of being drawn into high strength wire or the like in a cold drawing operation without any intermediate annealing or patenting, and has excellent strength, ductility and fatigue characteristics. 3 figs.

Thomas, G.; Ahn, J.H.; Kim, N.J.

1986-10-28T23:59:59.000Z