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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

INDEPENDENT ELECTRICITY SYSTEM OPERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Board of Directors of the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) has adopted this Charter as part of its commitment to high standards of corporate governance in pursuing the objects of the IESO set out in the Electricity Act, 1998. This Charter describes the Board’s mandate, accountability and composition, and sets out a specific Code of Conduct for the Board. More detailed information about the IESO’s corporate governance is set out in the Governance and Structure By?law and in corporate policies, notably the Terms of Reference for a Director. The activities of the Board and its Committees are formally recorded in minutes of meetings. MANDATE The Board shall manage and supervise the management of the IESO’s business and affairs and shall provide insight, input into and oversight of the development of the IESO’s strategic direction. More specifically, the Board’s mandate includes: periodically reviewing with Management: the strategic environment; the emergence of new risks and opportunities and the implications of such risks and opportunities for the IESO’s strategic direction; and the establishment and operation of the IESO?administered markets to promote the purposes of the Electricity Act, 1998 including, without limitation, making market rules and amendments thereto; approving strategic plans that take into account the IESO’s major risks and opportunities and overseeing the management of those risks; 2 appointing, monitoring and assessing the performance of the Chief Executive

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

SPECTR System Operational Test Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report overviews installation of the Small Pressure Cycling Test Rig (SPECTR) and documents the system operational testing performed to demonstrate that it meets the requirements for operations. The system operational testing involved operation of the furnace system to the design conditions and demonstration of the test article gas supply system using a simulated test article. The furnace and test article systems were demonstrated to meet the design requirements for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant. Therefore, the system is deemed acceptable and is ready for actual test article testing.

W.H. Landman Jr.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Transportation System Concept of Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), as amended, authorized the DOE to develop and manage a Federal system for the disposal of SNF and HLW. OCRWM was created to manage acceptance and disposal of SNF and HLW in a manner that protects public health, safety, and the environment; enhances national and energy security; and merits public confidence. This responsibility includes managing the transportation of SNF and HLW from origin sites to the Repository for disposal. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is the core high-level OCRWM document written to describe the Transportation System integrated design and present the vision, mission, and goals for Transportation System operations. By defining the functions, processes, and critical interfaces of this system early in the system development phase, programmatic risks are minimized, system costs are contained, and system operations are better managed, safer, and more secure. This document also facilitates discussions and understanding among parties responsible for the design, development, and operation of the Transportation System. Such understanding is important for the timely development of system requirements and identification of system interfaces. Information provided in the Transportation System Concept of Operations includes: the functions and key components of the Transportation System; system component interactions; flows of information within the system; the general operating sequences; and the internal and external factors affecting transportation operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations reflects OCRWM's overall waste management system policies and mission objectives, and as such provides a description of the preferred state of system operation. The description of general Transportation System operating functions in the Transportation System Concept of Operations is the first step in the OCRWM systems engineering process, establishing the starting point for the lower level descriptions. of subsystems and components, and the Transportation System Requirements Document. Other program and system documents, plans, instructions, and detailed designs will be consistent with and informed by the Transportation System Concept of Operations. The Transportation System Concept of Operations is a living document, enduring throughout the OCRWM systems engineering lifecycle. It will undergo formal approval and controlled revisions as appropriate while the Transportation System matures. Revisions will take into account new policy decisions, new information available through system modeling, engineering investigations, technical analyses and tests, and the introduction of new technologies that can demonstrably improve system performance.

N. Slater-Thompson

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

4

INDEPENDENT ELECTRICITY SYSTEM OPERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adopted this Charter as part of its commitment to high standards of corporate governance in pursuing the objects of the IESO set out in the Electricity Act, 1998. This Charter describes the Board’s mandate, accountability and composition, and sets out a specific Code of Conduct for the Board. More detailed information about the IESO’s corporate governance is set out in the Governance and Structure By-law and in corporate policies, notably the Terms Of Reference for A Director. The activities of the Board and its Committees are formally recorded in minutes of meetings. MANDATE The Board shall supervise the management of the IESO’s business and affairs and shall take a leadership role in the development of the IESO’s strategic direction. More specifically, the Board’s mandate includes: regularly reviewing with Management: the strategic environment, the emergence of new risks and opportunities and the implications for strategic direction; and the establishment and operation of the IESO-administered markets to promote the

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in Power System  Control, Operation and Management Control And Operation of Large Electric Power  Systems – Power System Small Signal  Stability Analysis”, Fourth International Conference on Advances in Power System Control,  Operation 

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

WRAP Trupact Loading System Operational Test Procedure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This procedure has been prepared to verify the TRUPACT System (TS) operates in accordance with system design and specifications.

DOSRAMOS, E.V.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Wireless sensor network operating systems: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of operating system for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) deviates from the traditional operating system design due to their specific characteristics like constrained resources, high dynamics and inaccessible deployment environments. We ... Keywords: TinyOS, WSN operating systems, WSNs, ad-hoc networks, applications, characteristics, classification framework, design, embedded systems, reprogramming, survey, virtual machines, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Adi Mallikarjuna V. Reddy; A.V.U. Phani Kumar; D. Janakiram; G. Ashok Kumar

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Definition: System Operating Limit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operating Limit Operating Limit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png System Operating Limit The value (such as MW, MVar, Amperes, Frequency or Volts) that satisfies the most limiting of the prescribed operating criteria for a specified system configuration to ensure operation within acceptable reliability criteria. System Operating Limits are based upon certain operating criteria. These include, but are not limited to: Facility Ratings (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency equipment or facility ratings), Transient Stability Ratings (Applicable pre- and post-Contingency Stability Limits), Voltage Stability Ratings (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency Voltage Stability), System Voltage Limits (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency Voltage Limits)[1] Also Known As SOL

9

Annual Operation of Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2009, many coal-fired generating units equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems for nitrogen oxide (NOX) control will convert from seasonal to annual SCR operation. This report provides guidelines on how to prepare for annual operation. It focuses on existing experience with annual operation, catalyst management strategy, equipment reliability, cold weather issues, low load and cycling operation, and risk assessment.

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

Electrochemical cell operation and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal control in fuel cell operation is affected through sensible heat of process gas by providing common input manifolding of the cell gas flow passage in communication with the cell electrolyte and an additional gas flow passage which is isolated from the cell electrolyte and in thermal communication with a heat-generating surface of the cell. Flow level in the cell gas flow passage is selected based on desired output electrical energy and flow level in the additional gas flow passage is selected in accordance with desired cell operating temperature.

Maru, Hansraj C. (Brookfield Center, CT)

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

11

BOSS: building operating system services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial buildings are attractive targets for introducing innovative cyber-physical control systems, because they are already highly instrumented distributed systems which consume large quantities of energy. However, they are not currently programmable ...

Stephen Dawson-Haggerty, Andrew Krioukov, Jay Taneja, Sagar Karandikar, Gabe Fierro, Nikita Kitaev, David Culler

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Advanced Graphics for Power System Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The secure operation of an electric utility system with its many interconnections presents a complex problem, with large quantities of data to be processed at the system control center. EPRI investigators have developed a new graphical user interface that will enable power system operators to perform tasks more accurately and quickly.

1994-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

13

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Place Carmel, IN References SGIC1 No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization This article is a...

14

Critical Needs for Distribution System Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric power distribution system (voltages up to 35 kV) is the most extensive network. While the operation of this system is of great importance from the reliability and safety point of view, managing this network varies among utilities from cases where modern distribution management systems are utilized to cases of minimal central operational capability. Distribution Management Systems (DMS) provide real time information to DSOs for the continuous moment by moment (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) o...

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Evaluating operating system vulnerability to memory errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliability is of great concern to the scalability of extreme-scale systems. Of particular concern are soft errors in main memory, which are a leading cause of failures on current systems and are predicted to be the leading cause on future systems. While ... Keywords: DRAM failures, fault-tolerance, operating systems

Kurt B. Ferreira; Kevin Pedretti; Ron Brightwell; Patrick G. Bridges; David Fiala; Frank Mueller

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Operation of staged membrane oxidation reactor systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of operating a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system. The method comprises providing a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system with at least a first membrane oxidation stage and a second membrane oxidation stage, operating the ion transport membrane oxidation system at operating conditions including a characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and a characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage; and controlling the production capacity and/or the product quality by changing the characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and/or changing the characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage.

Repasky, John Michael

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

17

Smart Grid - Transforming Power System Operations  

SciTech Connect

Abstract—Electric power systems are entering a new realm of operations. Large amounts of variable generation tax our ability to reliably operate the system. Couple this with a greater reliance on the electricity network to serve consumer demand that is likely to rise significantly even as we drive for greater efficiency. Trade-offs between energy and environmental needs will be constantly negotiated, while a reliable supply of electricity needs even greater assurance in a world where threats of disruption have risen. Smart grid capabilities are being proposed to help address the challenges confronting system operations. This paper reviews the impact of smart grid functionality on transforming power system operations. It explores models for distributed energy resources (DER – generation, storage, and load) that are appearing on the system. It reviews the evolving nature of electricity markets to deal with this complexity and a change of emphasis on signals from these markets to affect power system control. Smart grid capabilities will also impact reliable operations, while cyber security issues must be addressed as a culture change that influences all system design, implementation, and maintenance. Lastly, the paper explores significant questions for further research and the need for a simulation environment that supports such investigation and informs deployments to mitigate operational issues as they arise.

Widergren, Steven E.; Kirkham, Harold

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

18

AVESTAR® - Operational Excellence for Clean Energy Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operational Excellence for Clean Energy Systems Operational Excellence for Clean Energy Systems Chart The world-class Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training and Research (AVESTAR®) Center at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is dedicated to accelerating progress toward achieving operational excellence for commercial-scale, clean energy systems from smart plants to smart grid. With two locations in Morgantown, WV, one at the NETL and the other at West Virginia University's National Research Center for Coal and Energy, the AVESTAR Center is accomplishing its vital mission by bringing together: Advanced dynamic simulation, control, and virtual plant technologies Real-time, high-fidelity dynamic simulators with full-scope operator training systems (OTS)

19

Asbestos : operating system security for mobile devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design and implementation of a port of the Asbestos operating system to the ARM processor. The port to the ARM allows Asbestos to run on mobile devices such as cell phones and personal digital ...

Stevenson, Martijn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Operational Experience with the CEBAF Control System  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes our operational experience with the CEBAF control system. CEBAF is operated using a variety of software packages and custom applications. In the spirit of collaboration and software sharing, the current system utilizes code developed at four major laboratories as well as commercial packages and custom applications. The basis of the CEBAF control system is EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System), originally developed at LANL and ANL. The CEBAF accelerator is operated primarily using the common EPICS tools such as the archiver, alarm handler and display manager. In order to supplement the features of EPICS, custom applications have been developed and incorporated into the control system using C, C++, and TCL. Additionally, the CEBAF helium plant is controlled using the CEBAF TACL system which requires communications between the two control systems. CATER, a problem tracking program developed at SLAC, has also been integrated into the operational software. Current plans call for the integration of an on-line logbook developed at APS and the internal development of a down-time logger program. We discuss how these various tools and applications are used operationally, the advantages and disadvantages of the systems and the challenges related to integrating this diverse array of software.

K. White; D. Kehne

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support...

22

Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation – Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design – An item analysis indicated that the operators’ Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value – This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message – The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

24

System Support for Distributed Energy Management in Modular Operating Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis proposes a novel approach for managing energy in modular operating systems. Our approach enables energy awareness if the resource-management subsystem is distributed among… (more)

Stöß, Jan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Control System Commissioning for Enhanced Building Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper highlights the import role control systems play in the operation of modern buildings and describes ways to improve the final stage of commissioning. We also describe practical issues associated with modern IT-oriented control systems that can impact a commissioning exercise.

Salsbury, T. I.; Singhal, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

OPERATIONAL TESTS OF EBWR VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

A description of the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor vapor-recovery system is given. The seal air operating pressures, temperatures, and moisture content were measured. Air flow through the seals was measured and seal wear was assessed. Assuming direct-cycle D/sub 2/ operation, the seals were evaluated relative to the amount of D/sub 2/ leakage that would be controlled (C.J.G.)

Gariboldi, R.J.; Jacobson, D.R.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Detecting illicit leakage of information in operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: analysis, audit collection, data transmission, information flow, multi-level secure systems, operating system security

Shiuh-Pyng Shieh; Virgil D. Gligor

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

SLIC: an extensibility system for commodity operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern commodity operating systems are large and complex systems developed over many years by large teams of programmers, containing hundreds of thousands of lines of code. Consequently, it is extremely difficult to add significant new functionality ...

Douglas P. Ghormley; David Petrou; Steven H. Rodrigues; Thomas E. Anderson

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Operational experience with the CEBAF control system  

SciTech Connect

The CEBAF accelerator at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) successfully began its experimental nuclear physics program in November of 1995 and has since surpassed predicted machine availability. Part of this success can be attributed to using the EPICS (Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System) control system toolkit. The CEBAF control system is one of the largest accelerator control system now operating. It controls approximately 338 SRF cavities, 2,300 magnets, 500 beam position monitors and other accelerator devices, such as gun hardware and other beam monitoring devices. All told, the system must be able to access over 125,000 database records. The system has been well received by both operators and the hardware designers. The EPICS utilities have made the task of troubleshooting systems easier. The graphical and test-based creation tools have allowed operators to custom build control screens. In addition, the ability to integrate EPICS with other software packages, such as Tcl/Tk, has allowed physicists to quickly prototype high-level application programs, and to provide GUI front ends for command line driven tools. Specific examples of the control system applications are presented in the areas of energy and orbit control, cavity tuning and accelerator tune up diagnostics.

Hovater, C.; Chowdhary, M.; Karn, J.; Tiefenback, M.; Zeijts, J. van; Watson, W.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Nuclear Power - System Simulations and Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the onset of the 21st century, we are searching for reliable and sustainable energy sources that have a potential to support growing economies developing at accelerated growth rates, technology advances improving quality of life and becoming available to larger and larger populations. The quest for robust sustainable energy supplies meeting the above constraints leads us to the nuclear power technology. Today's nuclear reactors are safe and highly efficient energy systems that offer electricity and a multitude of co-generation energy products ranging from potable water to heat for industrial applications. Catastrophic earthquake and tsunami events in Japan resulted in the nuclear accident that forced us to rethink our approach to nuclear safety, requirements and facilitated growing interests in designs, which can withstand natural disasters and avoid catastrophic consequences. This book is one in a series of books on nuclear power published by InTech. It consists of ten chapters on system simulations and operational aspects. Our book does not aim at a complete coverage or a broad range. Instead, the included chapters shine light at existing challenges, solutions and approaches. Authors hope to share ideas and findings so that new ideas and directions can potentially be developed focusing on operational characteristics of nuclear power plants. The consistent thread throughout all chapters is the system-thinking approach synthesizing provided information and ideas. The book targets everyone with interests in system simulations and nuclear power operational aspects as its potential readership groups - students, researchers and practitioners.

Tsvetkov, Pavel

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

California Independent System Operator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operator Operator Jump to: navigation, search 200px Name California Independent System Operator Address California ISO P.O. Box 639014 Place Folsom, California Zip 95763-9014 Sector Services Phone number 916-351-4400 Website http://www.caiso.com Coordinates 38.68°, -121.18° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.68,"lon":-121.18,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

32

Formal Specification ofOperating System Operations Dan ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ffl The process has privilege PV MAC CL (if ... Function setSLFileEnv models the operation of a process ... To model the arguments that are passed to ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Evaluating Utility System Operations Using APLUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steam system at a recycled paper fiberboard plant in Texas was evaluated using APLUS. These simulations identified inefficiencies in the current operation and so suggested more efficient alternatives. The information provided by the client was used to develop heat and mass balances for the base case. The marginal cost analysis in APLUS was used to identify the high cost areas in operating the steam system. This analysis highlighted that the cost of power from the 200 psig steam driven back pressure turbine was a prohibitive $270/MWh. The 600 psig boiler and extraction turbine were found to be large enough to meet all the steam and power requirements of the plant. This required that a new 600 HP motor be bought to drive the paper machine currently driven by the back pressure turbine. Shifting the load in this manner resulted in annual savings of $590,000.

Pethe, S.; Singh, R.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Photovoltaics as an operating energy system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the short time since the discovery of the modern solar cell in 1954, terrestrial photovoltaic power system technology has matured in all areas, from collector reliability to system and subsystem design and operations. Today's PV systems are finding widespread use in powering loads where conventional sources are either unavailable, unreliable, or too costly. A broad range of applications is possible because of the modularity of the technology---it can be used to power loads ranging from less than a watt to several megawatts. This inherent modularity makes PV an excellent choice to play a major role in rural electrification in the developing world. The future for grid-connected photovoltaic systems is also very promising. Indications are that several of today's technologies, at higher production rates and in megawatt-sized installations, will generate electricity in the vicinity of $0.12/kWh in the near future. 12 refs., 3 figs.

Jones, G.J.; Post, H.N.; Thomas, M.G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Wind Speed Forecasting for Power System Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to support large-scale integration of wind power into current electric energy system, accurate wind speed forecasting is essential, because the high variation and limited predictability of wind pose profound challenges to the power system operation in terms of the efficiency of the system. The goal of this dissertation is to develop advanced statistical wind speed predictive models to reduce the uncertainties in wind, especially the short-term future wind speed. Moreover, a criterion is proposed to evaluate the performance of models. Cost reduction in power system operation, as proposed, is more realistic than prevalent criteria, such as, root mean square error (RMSE) and absolute mean error (MAE). Two advanced space-time statistical models are introduced for short-term wind speed forecasting. One is a modified regime-switching, space-time wind speed fore- casting model, which allows the forecast regimes to vary according to the dominant wind direction and seasons. Thus, it avoids a subjective choice of regimes. The other one is a novel model that incorporates a new variable, geostrophic wind, which has strong influence on the surface wind, into one of the advanced space-time statistical forecasting models. This model is motivated by the lack of improvement in forecast accuracy when using air pressure and temperature directly. Using geostrophic wind in the model is not only critical, it also has a meaningful geophysical interpretation. The importance of model evaluation is emphasized in the dissertation as well. Rather than using RMSE or MAE, the performance of both wind forecasting models mentioned above are assessed by economic benefits with real wind farm data from Pacific Northwest of the U.S and West Texas. Wind forecasts are incorporated into power system economic dispatch models, and the power system operation cost is used as a loss measure for the performance of the forecasting models. From another perspective, the new criterion leads to cost-effective scheduling of system-wide wind generation with potential economic benefits arising from the system-wide generation of cost savings and ancillary services cost savings. As an illustration, the integrated forecasts and economic dispatch framework are applied to the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) equivalent 24- bus system. Compared with persistence and autoregressive models, the first model suggests that cost savings from integration of wind power could be on the scale of tens of millions of dollars. For the second model, numerical simulations suggest that the overall generation cost can be reduced by up to 6.6% using look-ahead dispatch coupled with spatio-temporal wind forecast as compared with dispatch with persistent wind forecast model.

Zhu, Xinxin

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Independent System Operators and Biomass Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued its landmark open access transmission rule in 1996, the idea of creating and establishing independent system operators (ISOs) has gained momentum. ISOs may help combine individual utility transmission systems into more regional transmission networks, which ultimately will allow biomass companies to transmit power over longer distances while paying a single transmission rate. To the extent that ISOs are combined or operated with power exchanges, however, biomass companies will likely face even more competitive market pressures. Few operators have experience with ISOs and power exchanges, but preliminary results show that short-term electricity market prices are probably too low for most biomass companies to compete against. Without policy measures, biomass companies may have to pursue strategic opportunities with short-term, spot-market sales; direct bilateral sales to customers; alternative power exchanges; and perhaps a ''green'' pow er market and sales to ancillary service markets. In addition, prices will likely be more volatile in a restructured market so biomass generators should be selling during those times.

Porter, K. L.

1999-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

37

Operations and Maintenance Manual for Large Aperture Scanner System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operations and maintenance manual includes detailed instructions for system assembly, use, and maintenance.

Jones, Anthony M.; Hall, Thomas E.

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

38

Distribution of Wind Power Forecasting Errors from Operational Systems (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation offers new data and statistical analysis of wind power forecasting errors in operational systems.

Hodge, B. M.; Ela, E.; Milligan, M.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling Power System Operation with Intermittent Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity generating companies and power system operators face the need to minimize total fuel cost or maximize total profit over a given time period. These issues become optimization problems subject to a large number of constraints that must be satisfied simultaneously. The grid updates due to smart-grid technologies plus the penetration of intermittent re- sources in electrical grid introduce additional complexity to the optimization problem. The Renewable Integration Model (RIM) is a computer model of interconnected power system. It is intended to provide insight and advice on complex power systems management, as well as answers to integration of renewable energy questions. This paper describes RIM basic design concept, solution method, and the initial suite of modules that it supports.

Marinovici, Maria C.; Kirkham, Harold; Glass, Kevin A.; Carlsen, Leif C.

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

40

Testing Systems Database interface operation manual  

SciTech Connect

A joint-service effort is under way to develop, evaluate, and field-test a Computerized Adaptive Testing version of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (CAT-ASVAB). The CAT-ASVAB is being evaluated as a replacement for the Paper and Pencil ASVAB (P P-ASVAB), which is currently used for military personnel selection and classification. During the Score Equating Development (SED) phase of the evaluation, the CAT-ASVAB is being administered at a limited number of Military Entrance Processing Stations (MEPS). At these stations all examinees are given an operational P P-ASVAB; in addition, approximately one-third are given a nonoperational P P-ASVAB and two-thirds are given the CAT-ASVAB. Data are being transmitted from the MEPS to the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center (NPRDC) for analysis and storage in the Testing Systems Database. The Testing Systems Database (TSD) and its supporting programs reside on a minicomputer at the NPRDC's CAT-ASVAB Maintenance and Psychometric (CAMP) Facility in San Diego, California. The CAMP Facility supports the development, maintenance, and continuing improvement of the CAT-ASVAB testing program. The purpose of this Interface Operation Manual is to provide operating instructions for the TSD ''Interface,'' a system of menus and interactive screen displays that integrate the use of the TSD and its supporting programs. It is not the purpose of this manual to document in detail the general use of commercial or NPRDC-produced programs that are documented elsewhere. 34 figs.

Caplinger, J.T.; Olander, M.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

An Operating System Analog to the Perl Data Tainting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... operating system designed from the ground up with ... tainting file system emphasizes the vulnerability of the ... system enforces a low water-mark policy ...

2000-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

42

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fenix Secure Operating System: Principles, Models and Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces design principles of Secure Operating System Fenix developed in Information Security Centre of Saint-Petersburg Technical University. Fenix is a special purpose secure operating system supposed to be a basis for secure information ...

Dmitry P. Zegzhda; Pavel G. Stepanov; Alexey D. Otavin

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy Management in Mobile Devices with the Cinder Operating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, ...

Roy, Arjun

45

Energy management in mobile devices with the cinder operating system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, ...

Roy, Arjun

46

A Unified Operating System for Clouds and Manycore: fos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single chip processors with thousands of cores will be available in the next ten years and clouds of multicore processors afford the operating system designer thousands of cores today. Constructing operating systems for ...

Modzelewski, Kevin

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Advance In system Materials Processing Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ESP Dust Recovery Process Test Works, Plant Trial, Commissioning, Operations and Metallurgical Performance · Expansion and Collapse of Liquid Aluminum ...

48

MANAGEMENT, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS FOR WASTE FACILITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MANAGEMENT, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS FOR WASTE FACILITIES DONALD H. GRAHAM Operations. The discussion will focus on the management, operation, and maintenance systems nec essary to support long maintenance management pro gram (j) cost accounting and a record keeping system to provide timely, accurate

Columbia University

49

Analyses of Wind Energy Impact on WFEC System Operations: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Article for the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering which analyzes system and wind energy data recorded by WFEC and evaluates the effects of wind energy on system operations.

Wan, Y.; Liao, J. R.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

6.828 Operating System Engineering, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teaches the fundamentals of engineering operating systems. The following topics are studied in detail: virtual memory, kernel and user mode, system calls, threads, context switches, interrupts, interprocess communication, ...

Kaashoek, Frans, 1965-

51

WRAP TRUPACT loading systems operational test report  

SciTech Connect

This Operational Test Report documents the operational testing of the TRUPACT process equipment HNF-3918, Revision 0, TRUPACT Operational Test Procedure. The test accomplished the following: Procedure validation; Facility equipment interface; Facility personnel support; and Subcontractor personnel support interface. Field changes are documented as test exceptions with resolutions. All resolutions are completed or a formal method is identified to track the resolution through to completion.

DOSRAMOS, E.V.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security Regions of  Electrical Power Systems”, Proceedings Security Regions of Electrical Power Systems by Power and Voltage Collapse in  Electrical Power Systems”, IEEE 

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program Area Lead ENERGY SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Mike GravelyProgram Area Lead ENERGY SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Mike GravelyProgram Area Lead ENERGY SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Mike Gravely

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPERATIONS Prepared For: California Energy Commission PublicEnergy Research (PIER) California Energy Commission Jamiework sponsored by the California Energy Commission. It does

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Interconnection Provider Midwest Independent System Operator Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba. MISO administers electricity transmission grids across the Midwest and into Canada, and provides tools, transmission planning strategies, and integration for utilities in those markets.

56

On a parabolic operator of dissipative systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A parabolic integro differential operator operator L suitable to describe many phenomena in various physical fields,is considered. By means of equivalence between L and the third order equation which describe the evolution inside an exponentially shaped Josephson junction (ESJJ), an asymptotic analysis for (ESJJ) is achieved, evaluating explicitly boundary contributions related to the Dirichlet problem.

Monica De Angelis

2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Power-Aware Operating Systems for Interactive Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many portable systems deploy operating systems (OS) to support versatile functionality and to manage resources, including power. This paper presents a new approach for using OS to reduce the power consumption of IO devices in interactive systems. Low-power OS observes the relationship between hardware devices and processes. The OS kernel estimates the utilization of a device from each process. If a device is not used by any running process, the OS puts it into a low-power state. This paper also explains how scheduling can facilitate power management. When processes are properly scheduled, power reduction can be achieved without degrading performance. We implemented a prototype on Linux to control two devices; experimental results showed nearly 70% power saving on a network card and a hard disk drive.

Yung-Hsiang Lu; Luca Benini; Giovanni De Micheli

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Safe and automatic live update for operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly many systems have to run all the time with no downtime allowed. Consider, for example, systems controlling electric power plants and e-banking servers. Nevertheless, security patches and a constant stream of new operating system versions ... Keywords: automatic updates, live update, operating systems, state checking, state transfer, update safety

Cristiano Giuffrida; Anton Kuijsten; Andrew S. Tanenbaum

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

ATLAS Maintenance and Operation management system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The maintenance and operation of the ATLAS detector will involve thousands of contributors from 170 physics institutes. Planning and coordinating the action of ATLAS members, ensuring their expertise is properly leveraged and that no parts of the detector are understaffed or overstaffed will be a challenging task. The ATLAS Maintenance and Operation application (referred to as Operation Task Planner inside the ATLAS experiment) offers a fluent web based interface that combines the flexibility and comfort of a desktop application, intuitive data visualization and navigation techniques, with a lightweight service oriented architecture. We will review the application, its usage within the ATLAS experiment, its underlying design and implementation.

Copy, B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current SCADA/Energy Management System  (EMS); in the long California ISO?s energy  management system).  The project the California ISO’s Energy Management System (EMS).    The 

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WECC’s revised voltage? VAR requirements (Martinez, et.al.  operator-directed voltage-VAR requirements as reliably asto adopt stricter voltage-VAR requirements. The California

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Operational support systems — the global dimension  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global activity in the telecommunications industry is increasing as operators look to expand into overseas markets, a trend that is currently being accelerated by the rationalisation of the information technology (IT), telecommunications and entertainment ...

H. Sundaresan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Gas characterization system operation, maintenance, and calibration plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document details the responsibilities and requirements for operation, maintenance, and calibration of the Gas Characterization Systems (GCS) analytical instrumentation. It further, defines the division of responsibility between the Characterization Monitoring Development organization and Tank Farms Operations.

Tate, D.D.

1996-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

64

Operational Support Systems for Carrier-Scale IP Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational support systems (OSS) of any major telecommunications operator are the underlying resource for the management and delivery of all its communications services. It is used for handling direct customer interactions (helpdesk, orders, fault ...

C. B. Hatch; P. C. Utton; R. E. A. Leaton

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Optimal Operation of a Multiple Reservoir System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy production release policies system. percent while optimal the meet satisfactorily all Sensitivity analysis

Marino, Miguel A; Loaiciga, Hugo A

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Integrated Engineering and Economic Operation of Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operations of the physical and market systems are now intertwined and mutually dependent. Engineering operations rely on wholesale markets to obtain essential resources; conversely, engineering operations support and facilitate these markets. Methods that in the past focused narrowly on one aspect must now be enhanced and extended to cope with the tight interconnections among aspects of the overall system. These considerations in daily operations also apply to long-term planning and investments in ne...

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

67

Evaluation of process systems operating envelopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the problem of worst-case steady-state design of process systems under uncertainty, also known as robust design. Designing for the worst case is of great importance when considering systems for ...

Stuber, Matthew David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The structure of the ILLIAC IV operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper outlines the structure of the operating system for the ILLIAC IV, a large array computer being built by the University of Illinois. The system is unique in that it resides primarily on a second control computer and distributes operating system ...

Peter A. Alsberg; Carlton R. Mills

1969-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

An Operational Comparison of Lightning Warning Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the spring-summer of 1979, six lightning warning devices were evaluated in a side-by-side comparison study at three test sites. Stock commercial devices were selected based upon distinct concepts of operation. The devices tested included a ...

R. L. Johnson; D. E. Janota; J. E. Hay

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Register, the New York Independent System Operator, Inc. (NYISO) offers the attached white paper entitled Envisioning a Smarter Grid for New York Consumers. New York...

71

Water turbine system and method of operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for providing electrical power from a current turbine is provided. The system includes a floatation device and a mooring. A water turbine structure is provided having an upper and lower portion wherein the lower portion includes a water fillable chamber. A plurality of cables are used to couple the system where a first cable couples the water turbine to the mooring and a second cable couples the floatation device to the first cable. The system is arranged to allow the turbine structure to be deployed and retrieved for service, repair, maintenance and redeployment.

Costin, Daniel P. (Montpelier, VT)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Water turbine system and method of operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for providing electrical power from a current turbine is provided. The system includes a floatation device and a mooring. A water turbine structure is provided having an upper and lower portion wherein the lower portion includes a water fillable chamber. A plurality of cables are used to couple the system where a first cable couples the water turbine to the mooring and a second cable couples the floatation device to the first cable. The system is arranged to allow the turbine structure to be deployed and retrieved for service, repair, maintenance and redeployment.

Costin, Daniel P. (Montpelier, VT)

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

73

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Navin Bhatt (American Electric Power) Participants of theStability Analysis”, Electric Power System Research, Vol.  and M.  Skowronski, Electric Power Group.  2003.  ?Real?

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

From operating-system correctness to pervasively verified applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though program verification is known and has been used for decades, the verification of a complete computer system still remains a grand challenge. Part of this challenge is the interaction of application programs with the operating system, which is ...

Matthias Daum; Norbert W. Schirmer; Mareike Schmidt

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Commonality of ground systems in launch operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA is examining the utility of requiring a certain degree of commonality in both flight and ground systems in the Constellation Program. While the benefits of commonality seem obvious in terms of minimizing upfront ...

Quinn, Shawn M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System-D operation and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide information for the operation and maintenance of the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System-D (SHMS-D) used in the 200E and 200W area tank farms on the Hanford Site. This provides information specific to the mechanical operation of the system and is not intended to take the place of a Plant Operating Procedure. However, it does provide more information on the system than a Plant Operating Procedure. The intent here is that the system is started up by a technician or engineer who has completed tank farms training course No. 351405, and then the only actions performed by Operations will be routine log taking. If any problems not addressed by the operating procedure are encountered with the unit, engineering should be contacted.

Schneider, T.C.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Standard hydrogen monitoring system - E operation and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide information for the operation and maintenance of the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System- E (SHMS-E) used in the 200E and 20OW area tank farms on the Hanford Site. This provides information specific to the mechanical operation of the system and is not intended to take the place of a Plant Operating Procedure. However, it does provide more information on the system than a Plant Operating Procedure. The intent here is that the system is started up by a technician or engineer who has completed tank farms training course for SHMS, and then the only actions performed by Operations will be routine log taking. If any problems not addressed by the operating procedure are encountered with the unit, engineering should be contacted.

Schneider, T.C.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

InkTag: secure applications on an untrusted operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

InkTag is a virtualization-based architecture that gives strong safety guarantees to high-assurance processes even in the presence of a malicious operating system. InkTag advances the state of the art in untrusted operating systems in both the design ... Keywords: application protection, paraverification, virtualization-based security

Owen S. Hofmann; Sangman Kim; Alan M. Dunn; Michael Z. Lee; Emmett Witchel

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy management in mobile devices with the cinder operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that controlling energy allocation is an increasingly useful and important feature for operating systems, especially on mobile devices. We present two new low-level abstractions in the Cinder operating system, reserves and taps, which ... Keywords: energy, mobile phones, power management

Arjun Roy; Stephen M. Rumble; Ryan Stutsman; Philip Levis; David Mazières; Nickolai Zeldovich

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Case Study: Driving Operational Changes Through an Energy Monitoring System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

monthly reporting, checklists, monthly reporting, checklists, energy targets, and feedback leads to effective organizational change. Driving Operational Changes Through an Energy Monitoring System In 2006, IBM launched a corporate efficiency program focused on basic operation im- provements in its diverse and far-flung real estate operations. The efficiency program had behavior change as a major focus. Examples of changes include the following: * IBM implemented a monthly energy reporting system for its various facilities where

82

Energy Efficient Operation of Ammonia Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

Ammonia refrigeration systems typically offer many energy efficiency opportunities because of their size and complexity. This paper develops a model for simulating single-stage ammonia refrigeration systems, describes common energy saving opportunities, and uses the model to quantify those opportunities. The simulation model uses data that are typically available during site visits to ammonia refrigeration plants and can be calibrated to actual consumption and performance data if available. Annual electricity consumption for a base-case ammonia refrigeration system is simulated. The model is then used to quantify energy savings for six specific energy efficiency opportunities; reduce refrigeration load, increase suction pressure, employ dual suction, decrease minimum head pressure set-point, increase evaporative condenser capacity, and reclaim heat. Methods and considerations for achieving each saving opportunity are discussed. The model captures synergistic effects that result when more than one component or parameter is changed. This methodology represents an effective method to model and quantify common energy saving opportunities in ammonia refrigeration systems. The results indicate the range of savings that might be expected from common energy efficiency opportunities.

Mohammed, Abdul Qayyum [University of Dayton, Ohio; Wenning, Thomas J [ORNL; Sever, Franc [University of Dayton, Ohio; Kissock, Professor Kelly [University of Dayton, Ohio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

HOMES: highway operation monitoring and evaluation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work proposes high-performance critical visualization techniques for exploring real-time and historical traffic loop-detector data. Until recently, it has been difficult to discover trends, identify patterns, or locate abnormalities within the massive ... Keywords: data streams, intelligent transportation system, visualization

Chang-Tien Lu; Arnold P. Boedihardjo; Jing Dai; Feng Chen

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Fire protection system operating experience review for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a review of fire protection system operating experiences from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of fire protection system component failure rates and fire accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with these systems are discussed, including spurious operation. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the Engineering Design Activities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

OPUS-97: A Generalized Operational Pipeline System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. OPUS is the platform on which the telemetry pipeline at the Hubble Space Telescope Science Institute is running currently. OPUS was developed both to repair the mistakes of the past, and to build a system which could meet the challenges of the future. The production pipeline inherited at the Space Telescope Science Institute was designed a decade earlier, and made assumptions about the environment which were unsustainable. While OPUS was developed in an environment that required a great deal of attention to throughput, speed, e#ciency, flexibility, robustness and extensibility, it is not just a "big science" machine. The OPUS platform, our baseline product, is a small compact system designed to solve a specific problem in a robust way. The OPUS platform handles communication with the OPUS blackboard; individual processes within this pipeline need have no knowledge of OPUS, of the blackboard, or of the pipeline itself. The OPUS API is an intermediate pipeline product. In addition to t...

J. Rose

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Solar Photovoltaic System Operations and Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid-connected flat plate solar photovoltaic (PV) systems are being deployed at an accelerating rate worldwide. Representing a growing absolute share of both independent power producer (IPP) and utility generation portfolios, these PV assets are now commanding a greater level of attention to ensure their optimal availability and performance. Contrary to popular belief, PV power plants are not maintenance free; in fact, they require a steady diet of scheduled preventive maintenance and unscheduled service...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

Optimizing the Day to Day Operation of Utility Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the 2002 IETC, Linnhoff March presented an overview of spreadsheet-based software packages to rigorously model site utility systems. Such models allow the user to plan future scenarios that might impact upon the system operation (energy saving projects, production changes, new equipment, future energy tariffs, etc). Indeed, since last year, the DOE has made utility system template models freely available to industrial users as reported elsewhere at the 2003 IETC. Until last year, most industrial applications of this utility system software were set up for planning purposes, largely off-line. More recently, these applications have become more sophisticated and can operate on-line in real time. They include complex optimization routines to ensure that the utility system is always being operated in the best possible way under any prevailing conditions of production, energy tariffs and other variables. These optimizer models typically reduce day-to-day utility system operating costs by between 2 and 5%.

Eastwood, A.; Bealing, C.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Training on PV Systems: Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Training on PV Systems: Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance Training on PV Systems: Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Training on PV Systems: Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance Agency/Company /Organization: Leonardo Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/node/5948 Training on PV Systems: Design, Construction, Operation and Maintenance Screenshot References: PV Training [1] Overview "A free series of six webinars will be delivered to provide the required knowledge to design a high performance photovoltaic (PV) installation, entering into economic evaluation and project cash-flow. Additionally, very practical aspects such as the construction, start-up, quality management and testing will be reviewed. Plant operation is described in detail, with

89

Operational Flexibility Guidelines for Gas Turbine Low NOx Combustion Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine low-NOx combustion systems can differ in hardware from manufacturer to manufacturer, but the principle is the same. Low-NOx combustors reduce peak flame temperatures by mixing fuel and air before combustion and by keeping the fuel-to-air ratio as low (lean) as possible, while still maintaining combustion stability over the broadest possible operating range. Low-NOx combustion systems are inherently more complex than diffusion combustion systems, a fact that impacts operational flexibility, re...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

90

Ventilation Systems Operating Experience Review for Fusion Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is a collection and review of system operation and failure experiences for air ventilation systems in nuclear facilities. These experiences are applicable for magnetic and inertial fusion facilities since air ventilation systems are support systems that can be considered generic to nuclear facilities. The report contains descriptions of ventilation system components, operating experiences with these systems, component failure rates, and component repair times. Since ventilation systems have a role in mitigating accident releases in nuclear facilities, these data are useful in safety analysis and risk assessment of public safety. An effort has also been given to identifying any safety issues with personnel operating or maintaining ventilation systems. Finally, the recommended failure data were compared to an independent data set to determine the accuracy of individual values. This comparison is useful for the International Energy Agency task on fusion component failure rate data collection.

L. C. Cadwallader

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

LHCb Conditions Database Operation Assistance Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Conditions Database of the LHCb experiment (CondDB) provides versioned, time dependent geometry and conditions data for all LHCb data processing applications (simulation, high level trigger, reconstruction, analysis) in a heterogeneous computing environment ranging from user laptops to the HLT farm and the Grid. These different use cases impose front-end support for multiple database technologies (Oracle and SQLite are used). Sophisticated distribution tools are required to ensure timely and robust delivery of updates to all environments. The content of the database has to be managed to ensure that updates are internally consistent and externally compatible with multiple versions of the physics application software. In this paper we describe three systems that we have developed to address these issues: - an extension to the automatic content validation done by the “Oracle Streams” replication technology, to trap cases when the replication was unsuccessful; - an automated distribution process for the S...

Shapoval, Illya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

NEUTRONIC REACTOR OPERATIONAL METHOD AND CORE SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Homogeneous neutronic reactor systems are described wherein an aqueous fuel solution is continuously circulated through a spherical core tank. The pumped fuel solution-is injected tangentially into the hollow spherical interior, thereby maintaining vigorous rotation of the solution within the tank in the form of a vortex; gaseous radiolytic decomposition products concentrate within the axial vortex cavity. The evolved gas is continuously discharged through a gas- outlet port registering with an extremity of the vortex cavity. and the solution stream is discharged through an annular liquid outlet port concentrically encircling the gas outlet by virtue of which the vortex and its cavity are maintained precisely axially aligned with the gas outlet. A primary heat exchanger extracts useful heat from the hot effluent fuel solution before its recirculation into the core tank. Hollow cylinders and other alternative core- tank configurations defining geometric volumes of revolution about a principal axis are also covered. AEC's Homogeneous Reactor Experiment No. 1 is a preferred embodiment.

Winters, C.E.; Graham, C.B.; Culver, J.S.; Wilson, R.H.

1960-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

93

Columbia River System Operation Review on Selecting an Operating Strategy for the Federal Columbia River Power System; 21Feb1997  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration Columbia River System Operation Review on Selecting an Operating Strategy for the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) AGENCY: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Department of Energy (DOE) ACTION: Record of Decision (ROD) SUMMARY: The Columbia River System Operation Review (SOR) Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) assessed operations at the 14 Federal dams and reservoirs on the Columbia and lower Snake Rivers that have a major influence on the multiple purpose system operation, and for which power production is coordinated under the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement. Lead agencies for this six-year process were the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

94

Charging system with galvanic isolation and multiple operating modes  

SciTech Connect

Systems and methods are provided for operating a charging system with galvanic isolation adapted for multiple operating modes. A vehicle charging system comprises a DC interface, an AC interface, a first conversion module coupled to the DC interface, and a second conversion module coupled to the AC interface. An isolation module is coupled between the first conversion module and the second conversion module. The isolation module comprises a transformer and a switching element coupled between the transformer and the second conversion module. The transformer and the switching element are cooperatively configured for a plurality of operating modes, wherein each operating mode of the plurality of operating modes corresponds to a respective turns ratio of the transformer.

Kajouke, Lateef A.; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

95

Extending the operating system at the user level: the Ufo global file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided ... Keywords: /proc file system, file caching, global file system, global name space, operating systems, user-level extensions

Albert D. Alexandrov; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Optimal operation of chiller system using fuzzy control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preservation of comfort conditions for buildings' occupants and minimization of energy consumption and cost are the main targets of the energy and indoor environment management systems. This paper aims to achieve those targets by presenting the optimal ... Keywords: air-conditioning system, chilling system, fuzzy control, fuzzy rules, fuzzy sets, membership function, optimal operation

Zazilah May; Nursyarizal Mohd Nor; Kamaruzaman Jusoff

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Optimal operation of pipeline systems using genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Genetic Algorithm (GA) is used in this paper for the optimal operation, result in better solution than the existing one, of the pipeline systems under transient conditions caused by valve closure. Simulation of pipeline system is carried out here by ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, implicit method of characteristic, pipeline system, transient flow, water hammer

M. H. Afshar; M. Rohani

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Automated gas transfer systems for low pressure operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of new components and the modification of commercially available hardware have been instrumental in the automation of low pressure gas transfer systems. The benefits from the automation have been faster sample operation, increased precision and a safer environment for the operator.

Baker, R.W.; Hoseus, N.L.

1988-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

99

Brief paper: Axiomatic characterization of linear differential systems (and operators)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In his IEEE Trans. Aut. Contr. paper in 1991, Willems posed the following question: given a set of smooth trajectories, when does there exist a linear constant coefficient differential operator whose kernel is precisely the given set? We show that the ... Keywords: Jet-closed, Jet-determined, Jets, LTID systems, Linear differential operators, t-adic topologies

Vakhtang Lomadze

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Automatic CO/sub 2/ removal system and operation thereof  

SciTech Connect

A system is described for removing CO/sub 2/ from the manufactured process gas in an SNG manufacturing plant, the system operating the hot carbonate process wherein hot potassium carbonate solution absorbs CO/sub 2/ from the process gas under pressure in an absorber column and is regenerated by pressure reduction and steam stripping in a regenerator column and a reboiler before being returned to the absorber by a circulating pump. The system is completely automated and is controlled by a computer so that start-up, running and shut-down of the system is carried out automatically upon initiation by an operator, whereby the system is particularly suited for use in peak load SNG plants. For this purpose the system includes a solution make up tank, a solution storage tank, and a flushing water collection tank, preferably has all of its surfaces contacted by potassium carbonate solution made of stainless steel, and has sensors (F, L, T, P, AN, SG, and PH) and valve switches for transmitting information to the computer relating to the state of the system. The computer is programmed to operate the sequences of operation necessary to achieve the start-up, running and shut down of the system, operate loop controls on the solution levels in the absorber and regenerator columns, and on the rates of flow of solution to the absorber and of steam to the reboiler, and also to monitor the system parameters and to display data and signal alarm conditions.

Adams, K. J. G.; Bolt, N. T.; Siddique, Q. M.; Williams, T. P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

An Operational Global-Scale Ocean Thermal Analysis System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Optimum Thermal Interpolation System (OTIS) is an ocean thermal analysis product developed for real-time operational use at the U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center. It functions in an analysis-prediction-analysis data assimilation ...

R. Michael Clancy; Patricia A. Phoebus; Kenneth D. Pollak

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Solving Energy Storage Economics with the Energy Operating System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solving Energy Storage Economics with the Energy Operating System Speaker(s): Ryan Wartena Date: September 12, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Dr. Ryan Wartena, CEO and founder of...

103

The Canadian Regional Data Assimilation System: Operational and Research Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian regional data assimilation system is described. It is a spinup cycle designed to provide the regional finite-element forecast model with more detailed analyses in a dynamically consistent manner. Its operational performance is ...

Clément Chouinard; Jocelyn Mailhot; Herschel L. Mitchell; Andrew Staniforth; Richard Hogue

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Operation-based update propagation in a mobile file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a technique called operation-based update propagation for efficiently transmitting updates to large files that have been modified on a weakly connected client of a distributed file system. In this technique, modifications are ...

Yui-Wah Lee; Kwong-Sak Leung; Mahadev Satyanarayanan

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

An Improved Operational System for Forecasting Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Model Output Statistics system for forecasting the conditional probability of precipitation type (PoPT) became operational within the National Weather Service in September 1978. Forecasts are provided for three precipitation type categories: ...

Joseph R. Bocchieri; George J. Maglaras

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Analyses of Wind Energy Impact on WFEC System Operations: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory worked with the Western Farmers Electric Cooperative to analyze the impact of wind power from the Blue Canyon Wind Power Project on WFEC system operations.

Wan, Y.; Liao, J. R.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Timely and proper execution of operation and maintenance (O&M) activities may be a key factor in ensuring the successful function of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. This report serves as the 2012 update of EPRI’s Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems, originally published in 2001 and updated annually. New and revised content this year includes: 1) recent developments in in situ NOx analyzers, including a ...

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

108

Operation of an on-line substation diagnosis system  

SciTech Connect

On-line monitoring systems for substation equipment are expected to give an impact on the improvement of the reliability of the power system. A monitoring system was applied to one of the newly built substations. It monitors the 204 kV and 72 kV GIS's and the transformer in their normal operation condition. The basic philosophy of the monitoring system and the principle of the detection of the abnormality is introduced together with the record of its operation in the first year.

Fujimoto, Y.; Ono, T. (Shikoku Electric Power Co., Inc., Takamatsu (JP)); Ibuki, K.; Taka, S. (Itami Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Amagasaki (JP))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fuzzy expert system design for operating room air-condition control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a controlled fuzzy expert system (FES) was designed to provide the conditions necessary for operating rooms. For this purpose, existing operating rooms have been studied to see if there are more useful, reliable and comfortable ones. How ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy control, Expert systems, Fuzzy control systems, Operating room control

Nazmi Etik; Novruz Allahverdi; Ibrahim Unal Sert; Ismail Saritas

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Standard hydrogen monitoring system-B operation and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide information for the operation and maintenance of the Standards Hydrogen Monitoring System-B (SHMS-B) used in the 200E and 200W area tank farms on the Hanford site. This provides information specific to the mechanical operation of the system and is not intended to take the place of a Plant Operating Procedure. The primary function of the SHMS-B is to monitor specifically for hydrogen in the waste tank vapor space which may also contain unknown quantities of other gaseous constituents.

Bender, R.M.

1995-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

111

Water Distribution and Wastewater Systems Operators (North Dakota) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Distribution and Wastewater Systems Operators (North Dakota) Water Distribution and Wastewater Systems Operators (North Dakota) Water Distribution and Wastewater Systems Operators (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting All public water supply and wastewater disposal systems are subject to classification and regulation by the State of North Dakota, and must obtain certification from the State Department of Health

112

Select an Operating System on PDSF Using CHOS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chos Chos Chos PDSF is running Scientific Linux 6.2 as its native operating system. The native operation system is not intended for general use. Instead, the chos utility is used to create a Scientific Linux 5.3 (sl53) environment on both the interactive nodes and in batch. sl53 is the default and is what you will get if you just login without a .chos file. To automatically select a system version you need to create a file in your home directory named .chos (with the dot at the beginning). In this file you should have one and only one line: In your .chos file: The operating system you get: sl53 64-bit Scientific Linux 5.3 sl62 64-bit Scientific Linux 6.2 sl64 64-bit Scientific Linux 6.4 When you log in you should have a full, working environment with the system

113

Optimizing the design and operation of aquifer thermal energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems is complicated by significant uncertainties in ones ability to reliably predict the response of the aquifer to fluid and thermal fluxes. Overdesigning the system, to compensate for these uncertainties, reduces the potential economic and energy benefits of an ATES system. Underdesigning the system results in systems that fail to meet design targets. Unfortunately, standard aquifer characterization methods and hydrologic models do not provide adequate information to overcome these uncertainties. Thus, expensive full-scale tests are generally recommended to develop an adequate-understanding of the systems response. However, the standard engineering {open_quotes}design-build-operate{close_quotes} process is not. appropriate for ATES systems because an optimal design cannot be completed without some operational experience, i.e., field tests. A more adaptive engineering process is required. This engineering process should be flexible enough to allow the design to be adjusted during the operation, as monitoring data become available and as an understanding of the system response increases. Engineering approaches being developed for environmental restoration of contaminated soil and groundwater can be adapted to optimally design and operate ATES systems.

Vail, L.W.; Jenne, E.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Operational test report -- Project W-320 cathodic protection systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-303-640 specifies that corrosion protection must be designed into tank systems that treat or store dangerous wastes. Project W-320, Waste Retrieval Sluicing System (WRSS), utilizes underground encased waste transfer piping between tanks 241-C-106 and 241-AY-102. Corrosion protection is afforded to the encasements of the WRSS waste transfer piping through the application of earthen ionic currents onto the surface of the piping encasements. Cathodic protection is used in conjunction with the protective coatings that are applied upon the WRSS encasement piping. WRSS installed two new two rectifier systems (46 and 47) and modified one rectifier system (31). WAC 173-303-640 specifies that the proper operation of cathodic protection systems must be confirmed within six months after initial installation. The WRSS cathodic protection systems were energized to begin continuous operation on 5/5/98. Sixteen days after the initial steady-state start-up of the WRSS rectifier systems, the operational testing was accomplished with procedure OTP-320-006 Rev/Mod A-0. This operational test report documents the OTP-320-006 results and documents the results of configuration testing of integrated piping and rectifier systems associated with the W-320 cathodic protection systems.

Bowman, T.J.

1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

115

Modeling and Simulation for Mission Operations Work System Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work system analysis and design is complex and nondeterministic. In this paper we describe Brahms, a multiagent modeling and simulation environment for designing complex interactions in human-machine systems. Brahms was originally conceived as a business ... Keywords: Agent Languages, Business Process Modeling, Mission Operations Design, Multiagent Simulation, Work Practices

Maarten Sierhuis; William J. Clancey; Chin Seah; Jay P. Trimble; Michael H. Sims

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Geothermal Progress Monitor. System status and operational experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Progress Monitor (GPM) system was designed and implemented by MITRE for DOE's Division of Geothermal Energy (now the Division of Geothermal and Hydropower Technologies). This report summarizes MITRE's operational experience with the system during fiscal year 1983 and provides a qualitative assessment of its data sources.

Gerstein, R.E.; Medville, D.M.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Design and operation of solar thermal heat transfer systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of heat transfer systems in the collection and use of solar energy is discussed. The success or failure of many solar energy systems has been determined by the design of the heat transfer system. This report includes a short summary of some of the DOE sponsored solar industrial process heat sites. From the design, construction, and operation of these systems many lessons were learned which will be important to designers and potential users of solar thermal systems. Also included is a discussion of solar collector foundation over-design that has increased the collector system costs.

Rush, E.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System (EVMS) System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) Issued by Office of Acquisition and Project Management MA-63 September 30, 2013 V2 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Acquisition and Project Management (OAPM) EVMS SURVEILLANCE SOP (ESSOP) SEPTEMBER 30, 2013 ii Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) OPR: MA-63 Update V2: September 30, 2013 1. PURPOSE. This EVMS Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) serves as a primary reference for OAPM MA-63 when conducting EVM System-level assessments. DOE Order (O) 413.3B, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-11, and the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) require implementation of an EVMS on DOE capital asset

119

Argo: An exascale operating system | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argo: An exascale operating system Argo: An exascale operating system Architecture overview of Argo Architecture overview of Argo Argo is a new exascale operating system and runtime system designed to support extreme-scale scientific computation. It is built on an agile, new modular architecture that supports both global optimization and local control. It aims to efficiently leverage new chip and interconnect technologies while addressing the new modalities, programming environments, and workflows expected at exascale. It is designed from the ground up to run future high-performance computing applications at extreme scales. At the heart of the project are four key innovations: dynamic reconfiguring of node resources in response to workload, allowance for massive concurrency, a hierarchical framework for power and fault management, and a

120

A Host Intrusion Prevention System for Windows Operating Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

this technique to Windows OS, also because Windows kernel structures ... vention System (HIPS) for Windows OS that immediately detects security rules.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

NONE

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operator Smart Grid Project Operator Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Country United States Headquarters Location Carmel, Indiana Additional Benefit Places Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Wisconsin Recovery Act Funding $17,271,738.00 Total Project Value $34,543,476.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator Smart Grid Project Coordinates 39.978371°, -86.1180435° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

123

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the 2010 version of Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems, originally published in 2001 and updated annually. New content this year includes: (1) A section on static mixers added in Chapter 3; (2) Substantial expansion of the discussion on inspection of ammonia storage and delivery equipment in Chapter 8; (3) Expanded coverage of unit startup, shutdown, and low-load operation in Chapter 15; (4) a new chapter, Chapter 18, on the means to ensure tha...

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

124

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the 2009 update to Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems, originally published in 2001. The landscape of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology has significantly changed since then and promises to continue to change in the coming years. Specifically, the number of SCR applications on coal-fired units has increased considerably beyond the 15 units operating in mid 2001. Approximately 120 GW of capacity are expected to utilize SCR for NOx co...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

125

Slack bus modeling for distributed generation and its impacts on distribution system analysis, operation and planning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Distribution system operating environments are changing rapidly. Proper distributed generation placement and operating will bring benefits for supporting voltage, reducing system loss, enhancing system reliability,… (more)

Tong, Shiqiong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Improved Boiler System Operation with Real-time Chemical Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steam boiler system is a critical component of most manufacturing processes. Steam production reliability is often a key component in product quality and overall production efficiency. Hourly steam load demands can swing by as much as 500% in some plants, making responsive water treatment of the boiler system difficult. This challenging production environment is made even more so by volatile economic forces in today's world. New technologies have been developed that help steam operations staff achieve more consistent, proactive boiler feedwater treatment by detecting system variability, determining the correct chemical or operational action, and delivering measurable environmental return on investment (ROI). These new technologies will be described and several case histories presented. The steam boiler system is a critical component of most manufacturing processes. Steam production reliability is often a key component in product quality and overall production efficiency. Hourly steam load demands can swing by as much as 500% in some plants, making responsive water treatment of the boiler system difficult. This challenging production environment is made even more so by volatile economic forces in today's world. New technologies have been developed that help steam operations staff achieve more consistent, proactive boiler feedwater treatment by detecting system variability, determining the correct chemical or operational action, and delivering measurable environmental return on investment (ROI). These new technologies will be described and several case histories presented.

Bloom, D.; Jenkins, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Designing a new operating system for exascale architectures | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Designing a new operating system for exascale architectures Designing a new operating system for exascale architectures August 7, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Argonne National Laboratory has been awarded a grant from the Department of Energy Office of Science to lead Argo, a multi-institutional research project to design and develop a platform-neutral prototype of an exascale operating system and runtime software. Researchers in Argonne's Mathematics and Computer Science Division will collaborate with scientists from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, as well as with several universities nationwide, on the three-year, $9.75 million project. The world's fastest computers have proved essential for scientific discoveries, spanning from designing new materials to understanding the

128

Integration of Uncertainty Information into Power System Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contemporary power systems face uncertainties coming from multiple sources, including forecast errors of load, wind and solar generation, uninstructed deviation and forced outage of traditional generators, loss of transmission lines, and others. With increasing amounts of wind and solar generation being integrated into the system, these uncertainties have been growing significantly. It is critical important to build knowledge of major sources of uncertainty, learn how to simulate them, and then incorporate this information into the decision-making processes and power system operations, for better reliability and efficiency. This paper gives a comprehensive view on the sources of uncertainty in power systems, important characteristics, available models, and ways of their integration into system operations. It is primarily based on previous works conducted at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL).

Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; Samaan, Nader A.; Huang, Zhenyu; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Hafen, Ryan P.; Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Ning

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

129

Snap: Robust Tool for Internet-wide Operating System Fingerprinting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different approaches have been developed for TCP/IP fingerprinting, but none of these approaches is suited for Internet-wide fingerprinting. In this work, we develop approaches that rigorously tackle the issue of noise and packet loss while carrying out Internet-wide fingerprinting. We then carry out an Internet-wide scan to determine the distribution of different operating systems on the Internet. The results of our scan indicate that there are approximately 8.9 million publicly accessible web-servers on the Internet running Linux, while there are nearly 9.6 million web-servers with different embedded operating systems.

Nandwani, Ankur Bharatbhushan

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Method for operating a combustor in a fuel cell system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one aspect, the invention provides a method of operating a combustor to heat a fuel processor to a desired temperature in a fuel cell system, wherein the fuel processor generates hydrogen (H.sub.2) from a hydrocarbon for reaction within a fuel cell to generate electricity. More particularly, the invention provides a method and select system design features which cooperate to provide a start up mode of operation and a smooth transition from start-up of the combustor and fuel processor to a running mode.

Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY); Mowery, Kenneth D. (Noblesville, IN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Optimal monitoring and visualization of steady state power system operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power system operation requires accurate monitoring of electrical quantities and a reliable database of the power system. As the power system operation becomes more competitive, the secure operation becomes highly important and the role of state estimation becomes more critical. Recently, due to the development of new technology in high power electronics, new control and monitoring devices are becoming more popular in power systems. It is therefore necessary to investigate their models and integrate them into the existing state estimation applications. This dissertation is dedicated to exploiting the newly appeared controlling and monitoring devices, such as Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices and (Phasor Measurement Units) PMUs, and developing new algorithms to include them into power system analysis applications. Another goal is to develop a 3D visualization tool to help power system operators gain an in-depth image of the system operation state and to identify limit violations in a quick and intuitive manner. An algorithm of state estimation of a power system with embedded FACTS devices is developed first. This estimator can be used to estimate the system state quantities and Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) controller parameters. Furthermore, it can also to be used to determine the required controller setting to maintain a desired power flow through a given line. In the second part of this dissertation, two methods to determine the optimal locations of PMUs are derived. One is numerical and the other one is topological. The numerical method is more effective when there are very few existing measurements while the topology-based method is more applicable for a system, which has lots of measurements forming several observable islands. To guard against unexpected failures of PMUs, the numerical method is extended to account for single PMU loss. In the last part of this dissertation, a 3D graphic user interface for power system analysis is developed. It supports two basic application functions, power flow analysis and state estimation. Different visualization techniques are used to represent different kinds of system information.

Xu, Bei

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Monitoring, safety systems for LNG and LPG operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operators in Korea and Australia have chosen monitoring and control systems in recent contracts for LNG and LPG storage. Korea Gas Corp. (Kogas) has hired Whessoe Varec, Calais, to provide monitoring systems for four LNG storage tanks being built at Kogas` Inchon terminal. For Elgas Ltd., Port Botany, Australia, Whessoe Varec has already shipped a safety valve-shutdown system to a new LPG cavern-storage facility under construction. The paper describes the systems, terminal monitoring, dynamic approach to tank management, and meeting the growing demand for LPG.

True, W.R.

1998-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

133

SYSTEM PLANNING WITH THE HANFORD WASTE OPERATIONS SIMULATOR  

SciTech Connect

At the U. S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State, 216 million liters (57 million gallons) of nuclear waste is currently stored in aging underground tanks, threatening the Columbia River. The River Protection Project (RPP), a fully integrated system of waste storage, retrieval, treatment, and disposal facilities, is in varying stages of design, construction, operation, and future planning. These facilities face many overlapping technical, regulatory, and financial hurdles to achieve site cleanup and closure. Program execution is ongoing, but completion is currently expected to take approximately 40 more years. Strategic planning for the treatment of Hanford tank waste is by nature a multi-faceted, complex and iterative process. To help manage the planning, a report referred to as the RPP System Plan is prepared to provide a basis for aligning the program scope with the cost and schedule, from upper-tier contracts to individual facility operating plans. The Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator (HTWOS), a dynamic flowsheet simulation and mass balance computer model, is used to simulate the current planned RPP mission, evaluate the impacts of changes to the mission, and assist in planning near-term facility operations. Development of additional modeling tools, including an operations research model and a cost model, will further improve long-term planning confidence. The most recent RPP System Plan, Revision 4, was published in September 2009.

CRAWFORD TW; CERTA PJ; WELLS MN

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Build, Own, Operate and Maintain (BOOM) Boiler Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Overview: The article addresses the growing trend in outsourcing boiler equipment, installation, operation, maintenance and ownership by large corporations, colleges and universities. Issues: To remain competitive and provide for growth, corporations and not-for-profit (NFP) organizations have changed the way they look at their energy systems: • They are only allocating capital to ""core"" assets. In most cases, thennal, electric and air energy systems are not considered ""core"" assets resulting in the need to find ""other"" solutions to providing the needed energy. • Reduced staffing has resulted in fewer experienced and knowledgeable boiler operating and maintenance personnel. • Fluctuating energy costs make it difficult to accurately plan and budget. • Constantly changing emissions standards and regulations add operational cost burdens. Objective: Find a solution to these pressures that does not require capital investment."

Henry, T.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Cold weather hydrogen generation system and method of operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for providing hydrogen gas is provided. The system includes a hydrogen generator that produces gas from water. One or more heat generation devices are arranged to provide heating of the enclosure during different modes of operation to prevent freezing of components. A plurality of temperature sensors are arranged and coupled to a controller to selectively activate a heat source if the temperature of the component is less than a predetermined temperature.

Dreier, Ken Wayne (Madison, CT); Kowalski, Michael Thomas (Seymour, CT); Porter, Stephen Charles (Burlington, CT); Chow, Oscar Ken (Simsbury, CT); Borland, Nicholas Paul (Montpelier, VT); Goyette, Stephen Arthur (New Hartford, CT)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

System Operational and Planning Impacts of Increased Generator Cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This update describes research performed in 2012 to contextualize some of the key issues related to generator cycling with high wind and photovoltaic (PV) penetrations. Using representative system data from California, cycling with increasing wind and PV generation is examined. Sensitivities on the value of various generator-specific (turndown levels, hot start operation, outage rate, etc.) and system-specific (PV/wind mix, penetration of wind, etc.) characteristics are used to identify those ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Dual flow--temperature--humidity control system operating manual  

SciTech Connect

The manual contains operating, maintenance, and troubleshooting procedures for a dual flow--temperature--humidity control system used at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory to prepare test atmospheres for industrial hygiene and air pollution studies. The system consists of two basic components: a commercially available temperature/humidity indicator unit and a specially built dual flow--temperature--humidity control module that provides two air sources controlled at the same conditions of flow, temperature, and relative humidity.

Nelson, G.O.; Taylor, R.D.

1978-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Operating System Quality of Service Technical White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operating System Quality of Service Technical White Paper White Paper Abstract Within the past few to the applications at the edges of the network. This white paper reviews emerging QoS mechanisms and how after the date of publication. This white paper is for informational purposes only. MICROSOFT MAKES

Schulzrinne, Henning

139

Engineering concerns in solar system design and operation  

SciTech Connect

This paper has been prepared to help architects and engineers avoid some of the problems which have typically been encountered in solar heating and cooling installations. The primary focus of the paper is on engineering concerns associated with the startup and operation of solar systems. Recommendations are also made regarding the design and installation phases to help in avoiding these problems.

Easterly, J.L.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Integrated Requirements Management System Operations and Maintenance Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides a plan for the operations and maintenance of the Integrated Requirements Management Systems (IRMS) database. This document describes the roles and responsibilities for the users of the IRMS. Planning is provided for the configuration management of the DOORS software, hardware and data set. Training consideration for the various categories of users is provided.

ACREE, C.D.

2001-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy characterization of embedded real-time operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a methodology to analyze the energy overhead due to the presence of an embedded operating system in a wearable device. Our objective is to determine the key parameters affecting the energy consumption of the RTOS allowing the ...

Andrea Acquaviva; Luca Benini; Bruno Riccó

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Labels and event processes in the Asbestos operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asbestos, a new operating system, provides novel labeling and isolation mechanisms that help contain the effects of exploitable software flaws. Applications can express a wide range of policies with Asbestos's kernel-enforced labels, including controls ... Keywords: Information flow, labels, mandatory access control, process abstractions, secure Web servers

Steve Vandebogart; Petros Efstathopoulos; Eddie Kohler; Maxwell Krohn; Cliff Frey; David Ziegler; Frans Kaashoek; Robert Morris; David Mazières

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Labels and event processes in the asbestos operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asbestos, a new prototype operating system, provides novel labeling and isolation mechanisms that help contain the effects of exploitable software flaws. Applications can express a wide range of policies with Asbestos's kernel-enforced label mechanism, ... Keywords: event processes, information flow, labels, mandatory access control, secure web servers

Petros Efstathopoulos; Maxwell Krohn; Steve VanDeBogart; Cliff Frey; David Ziegler; Eddie Kohler; David Mazières; Frans Kaashoek; Robert Morris

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Power System Operational Planning: Challenges and Research Needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S.-Canada task force on the August 14, 2003 power system outage that affected 50 million people placed issues related to operational planning on the list of recommendations for improvement. This report documents the challenges that the electric power industry faces, as well as a preliminary set of research needs and a short-term action plan.

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

Operational test report integrated system test (ventilation upgrade)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational Final Test Report for Integrated Systems, Project W-030 (Phase 2 test, RECIRC and HIGH-HEAT Modes). Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks, including upgraded vapor space cooling and filtered venting of tanks AY101, Ay102, AZ101, AZ102.

HARTY, W.M.

1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Management of Power Demand through Operations of Building Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In hot summers, the demand for electrical power is dominated by the requirements of the air-conditioning and lighting systems. Such systems account for more than 80% of the peak electrical demand in Kuwait. A study was conducted to explore the potential for managing the peak electrical demand through improved operation strategies for building systems. Two buildings with partial occupancy patterns and typical peak loads of 1 and 2.2 MW were investigated. Changes to the operation of building systems included utilizing the thermal mass to reduce cooling production and distribution during the last hour of occupancy, time-of-day control of chillers and auxiliaries, and de-lamping. The implemented operational changes led to significant reductions in building loads during the hours of national peak demand. The achieved savings reached 31% during the critical hour, and up to 47% afterwards. Daily energy savings of 13% represented an added benefit. Additional operational changes could lead to further savings in peak power when implemented.

ElSherbini, A. I.; Maheshwari, G.; Al-Naqib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

PTask: operating system abstractions to manage GPUs as compute devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new set of OS abstractions to support GPUs and other accelerator devices as first class computing resources. These new abstractions, collectively called the PTask API, support a dataflow programming model. Because a PTask graph consists ... Keywords: GPGPU, GPUs, OS design, accelerators, dataflow, gestural interface, operating systems

Christopher J. Rossbach; Jon Currey; Mark Silberstein; Baishakhi Ray; Emmett Witchel

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Description and operation of Haakon School geothermal-heating system  

SciTech Connect

To encourage the development of hydrothermal energy, twenty-three demonstration projects were funded. The Haakon School project is one of twelve such projects. The geothermal direct-use heating system at the Haakon School complex in Philip, South Dakota is described and information gained during approximately three heating seasons of operation is presented.

Childs, F.W.; Kirol, L.D.; Sanders, R.D.; McLatchy, M.J.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Final Report: Mobile Surveillance and Wireless Communication Systems Field Operational Test; Volume 1: Executive Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Operation The mobile surveillance and wirelessAND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPERATION.with camera operation. Mobile Surveillance and Wireless

Klein, Lawrence

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems  

SciTech Connect

Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E[sub 1] (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E[sub 3] (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council's regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.

Reddoch, T.W.; Markel, L.C. (Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Performances of Induction System for Nanosecond Mode Operation  

SciTech Connect

An induction system comprises an array of single turn pulse transformers. Ferromagnetic cores of transformers are toroids that are stacked along the longitudinal core axis. Another name for this array is a fraction transformer or an adder. The primary and secondary windings of such a design have one turn. The step up mode is based on the number of primary pulse sources. The secondary windings are connected in series. Performances of such a system for the nanosecond range mode operation are different in comparison to the performances of traditional multi-turn pulse transformers, which are working on a 100+ nanosecond mode operation. In this paper, the author discusses which aspects are necessary to take into account for the high power nanosecond fractional transformer designs. The engineering method of the nanosecond induction system design is presented.

Krasnykh, Anatoly; /SLAC

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

152

Feasibility study for a transportation operations system cask maintenance facility  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for the development of a waste management program for the disposition of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW). The program will include a transportation system for moving the nuclear waste from the sources to a geologic repository for permanent disposal. Specially designed casks will be used to safely transport the waste. The cask systems must be operated within limits imposed by DOE, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the Department of Transportation (DOT). A dedicated facility for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the cask systems was recommended by the General Accounting Office (in 1979) as the best means of assuring their operational effectiveness and safety, as well as regulatory compliance. In November of 1987, OCRWM requested a feasibility study be made of a Cask Maintenance Facility (CMF) that would perform the required functions. 46 refs., 16 figs., 13 tabs.

Rennich, M.J.; Medley, L.G.; Attaway, C.R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The D0 level 3 DAQ system: operation and upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The D{O} Level 3 data acquisition system for Run II of the Tevatron has been reliably operating since May 2002. Designed to handle average event sizes of 250 kilobytes at a rate of 1 kHz, the system has been upgraded to be able to process more events, doubling its typical output rate from 50 Hz to 100 Hz, while coping with higher event sizes at the beginning of high luminosity collider stores. The system routes and transfers event fragments from 63 VME crates to any of approximately 320 processing nodes. The addition of more farm nodes, the performance of the components, and the running experience are described here.

Garcia-Bellido, Aran; Bose, Tulika; Brooijmans, Gustaaf; Chapin, Doug; Cutts, David; Fuess, Stuart; Gadfort, Thomas; Haas, Andrew; Lee, William; Rechenmacher, Ron; Snyder, Scott; /Washington U., Seattle /Brown U. /Columbia U. /Fermilab /Brookhaven

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Control System Data Management from an Operational Point of View  

SciTech Connect

Day-to-day operation of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) requires the management of over 25,000 signals on the EPICS control system. Operators need to carry out tasks such as saving the present state of the machine, restoring old machine states and rebooting IOCs. Several tools for performing data management tasks are described in this paper. The saving and restoring of signals from a user friendly GUI using the Tcl/Tk programming language is presented, along with a method for recovering from IOC reboots, both intentional and unintentional.

Bruce Dunham

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Electric Bike Sharing--System Requirements and Operational Concepts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bike sharing is an exciting new model of public-private transportation provision that has quickly emerged in the past five years. Technological advances have overcome hurdles of early systems and cities throughout the globe are adopting this model of transportation service. Electric bikes have simultaneously gained popularity in many regions of the world and some have suggested that shared electric bikes could provide an even higher level of service compared to existing systems. There are several challenges that are unique to shared electric bikes: electric-assisted range, recharging protocol, and bike and battery checkout procedures. This paper outlines system requirements to successfully develop and deploy an electric bike sharing system, focusing on system architecture, operational concepts, and battery management. Although there is little empirical evidence, electric bike sharing could be feasible, depending on demand and battery management, and can potentially improve the utility of existing bike sharing systems. Under most documented bike sharing use scenarios, electric bike battery capacity is insufficient for a full day of operation, depending on recharging protocol. Off-board battery management is a promising solution to address this problem. Off-board battery management can also support solar recharging. Future pilot tests will be important and allow empirical evaluation of electric bikesharing system performance. (auth)

Cherry, Christopher; Worley, Stacy; Jordan, David

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF THE UPGRADED CRYOGENIC SYSTEMS AT THE NSCL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) is a NSF-supported facility, with additional support from Michigan State University (MSU) for conducting research in nuclear and accelerator science. The facility consists of two superconducting cyclotrons and over fifty individual cryostats, each containing several superconducting magnets that are used in the beam transport system. Beginning in 1999 a major facility upgrade was started. New, larger magnets were added, increasing the total 4.5 K loads, necessitating an increase of the cryogenic capacity. A helium plant (nominal 1750-Watt at 4.5 K) was acquired from the United States Bureau of Mines where it had been operating as a pure liquefier since the early 1980's. It was refurbished for the NSCL with extensive support from the cryogenics group at Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory. The new cryogenic system came online early in 2001. The cold-mass is relatively high in relation to the installed capacity, presenting challenges during cool downs. Reliability over the last five years has been greater than 99%. An overview of the last seven years of operations of our cryogenic systems is presented that includes normal operations, testing of new equipment, noteworthy breakdowns, routine maintenance, and system reliability.

McCartney, A. H.; Laumer, H. L.; Jones, S. A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824 (United States)

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

157

Georgia System Operations Corporation Inc. Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Inc. Smart Grid Project Corporation Inc. Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Georgia System Operations Corporation Inc. Country United States Headquarters Location Tucker, Georgia Recovery Act Funding $6,456,501.00 Total Project Value $12,913,003.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Georgia System Operations Corporation Inc. Smart Grid Project Coordinates 33.8545479°, -84.2171424° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

158

Microsecond delays on non-real time operating systems  

SciTech Connect

We have developed microsecond timing and profiling software that runs on standard Windows and Linux based operating systems. This software is orders of magnitudes better than most of the standard native functions in wide use. Our software libraries calibrate RDTSC in microseconds or seconds to provide two different types of delays: a ''Guaranteed Minimum'' and a precision ''Long Delay'', which releases to the kernel. Both return profiling information of the actual delay.

Angstadt, R.; Estrada, J.; Diehl, H.T.; Flaugher, B.; Johnson, M.; /Fermilab

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) Energy Storage Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a nonprofit member-based organization regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). As a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO), MISO provides electricity consumers in 13 states with regional grid management and open access to transmission facilities at a tariff closely regulated by FERC. MISO follows a cycle known as the MISO Transmission Expansion Plan (MTEP) that results in annual recommendations to proceed with expansion pro...

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

160

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System Application Guidelines and Operating Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of this project are twofold: to develop flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) application guidelines and operating strategies and to provide a technology roadmap for the renewed value proposition of FACTS devices with increased penetration of renewable energy resources, the need for power flow control over existing transmission lines, and tighter voltage regulation at transmission buses. This project focuses on developing technical and economic guidelines for ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the 2011 update of Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems, originally published in 2001 and updated annually. New and revised content this year includes: (1) an analysis of the performance of the U.S. fleet of selective catalytic reduction (SCR)equipped generating units in 2009, 2010, and 2011; (2) a discussion of experience in mitigating the role of arsenic in catalyst deactivation, including the addition of alkali material to the coal; (3) an updat...

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

An augmented reality system for military operations in urban terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields introduce many challenges to the dismounted warfighter. Better situational awareness is required for effective operation in urban environments. However, delivering this information to the dismounted warfighter is extremely difficult. For example, maps draw a user's attention away from the environment and cannot directly represent the three-dimensional nature of the terrain. To overcome these difficulties, we are developing the Battlefield Augmented Reality System (BARS). The system consists of a wearable computer, a wireless network system, and a tracked see-through head-mounted display (HMD). The computer generates graphics that, from the user's perspective, appear to be aligned with the actual environment. For example, a building could be augmented to show its name, a plan of its interior, icons to represent reported sniper locations, and the names of adjacent streets. This paper surveys the current state of development of BARS and describes ongoing research efforts. We describe four major research areas. The first is the development of an effective, efficient user interface for displaying data and processing user inputs. The second is the capability for collaboration between multiple BARS users and other systems. Third, we describe the current hardware for both a mobile and indoor prototype system. Finally, we

Mark A. Livingston; Mark A. Livingston; Lawrence J. Rosenblum; Simon J. Julier; Dennis Brown; Yohan Baillot; J. Edward; Swan Ii; Joseph L. Gabbard; Deborah Hix

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Analyses of Wind Energy Impact on WFEC System Operations  

SciTech Connect

Western Farmers Electric Cooperative (WFEC) is a generation and transmission Cooperative in Oklahoma. At the end of 2003 it added 74 megawatts (MW) of wind energy to its energy portfolio by purchasing the output of the Blue Canyon Wind Power Project located north of Lawton, Oklahoma. The wind energy has the potential to provide about 6% of WFEC's peak summer energy demand. During periods of high winds and low loads, wind energy may represent 14% of the control area load. Conversely during periods of calm wind, wind energy cannot be counted upon to provide any energy to WFEC's system. This report analyzes system and wind energy data recorded by the WFEC control area energy management system (EMS) and evaluates the effects of wind energy on system operations.

Wan, Y.; Liao, J. R.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Fuzzy logic based operated device identification in power distribution systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fault location in distribution systems is a challenging task because of the lack of homogeneity in the system and due to uncertainity in the data used for estimating the faulted sections. Fuzzy logic has widely been applied for handling uncertainities in the input data and its processing. Fuzzy logic has also been used to model human expertise and decision making capabilites and to determine the possibility of a fault on a particular section. This thesis presents the design and implementation of an operated device identification algorithm to be used as one of four modules in an automated modular scheme for fault section estimation on radial distribution systems. This algorithm will be executed in tandem with the other fault location modules that form the second stage of a three stage scheme. The operated device identification algorithm can assign section fault possibilities representing the possibility of involvement of each section of a distribution feeder in an event. The operated device algorithm uses the recorded current waveform of an abnormal event, the time-current characteristics and settings of various protective devices on a feeder, and feeder topology information as inputs. The algorithm then assigns a fault possibility value to each section of a feeder using fuzzy rules and fuzzy membership functions to compare a fault event with protective device settings and characteristics. The section fault possibility values can be superimposed on the feeder map by color coding the sections of a feeder according to their fault possibility values. This helps in easy visualization of possibly faulted sections. A detailed illustration of the results obtained from running the algorithm is presented in this thesis. They prove the effectiveness of the algorithm in locating faults in a distribution feeder. The operated device identification module was tested using real data measured at feeder substations. The results obtained by the algorithm were verified with feedback given by the utilities that owned the feeders. The results obtained from the tests were encouraging.

Manivannan, Karthick Muthu

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Dynamic model of power system operation incorporating load control  

SciTech Connect

Load management has been proposed as a means whereby an electric utility can reduce its requirements for additional generation, transmission, and distribution investments, shift fuel dependency from limited to more abundant energy resources, and improve the efficiency of the electric energy system. There exist, however, serious technological and economic questions which must be answered to define the cost trade-offs between initiating a load management strategy or adding additional capacity to meet the load. One aspect of this complex problem is to determine how the load profile might be modified by the load management option being considered. Towards this end, a model has been developed to determine how a power system with an active load control system should be operated to make the best use of its available resources. The model is capable of handling all types of conventional generating sources including thermal, hydro, and pumped storage units, and most appliances being considered for direct control including those with inherent or designed storage characteristics. The model uses a dynamic programming technique to determine the optimal operating strategy for a given set of conditions. The use of the model is demonstrated. Case study results indicate that the production cost savings that can be achieved through the use of direct load control are highly dependent on utility characteristics, load characteristics, storage capacity, and penetration. The load characteristics that produce the greatest savings are: large storage capacity; high coincidence with the system peak; large connected load per point; and moderately high diversity fraction.

Kuliasha, M.A.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Optimal operational planning of steam power systems using an IPSOSA algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operation optimization problem of steam power systems for multiperiod operation with varying demands is formulated. The objective function of the mode! is to minimize the operational cost of steam power systems for all periods, by taking into account ...

Hongchao Yin; Wenzhi Dai

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Operational characteristics of a parallel jet MILD combustion burner system  

SciTech Connect

This study describes the performance and stability characteristics of a parallel jet MILD (Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution) combustion burner system in a laboratory-scale furnace, in which the reactants and exhaust ports are all mounted on the same wall. Thermal field measurements are presented for cases with and without combustion air preheat, in addition to global temperature and emission measurements for a range of equivalence ratio, heat extraction, air preheat and fuel dilution levels. The present furnace/burner configuration proved to operate without the need for external air preheating, and achieved a high degree of temperature uniformity. Based on an analysis of the temperature distribution and emissions, PSR model predictions, and equilibrium calculations, the CO formation was found to be related to the mixing patterns and furnace temperature rather than reaction quenching by the heat exchanger. The critical equivalence ratio, or excess air level, which maintains low CO emissions is reported for different heat exchanger positions, and an optimum operating condition is identified. Results of CO and NO{sub x} emissions, together with visual observations and a simplified two-dimensional analysis of the furnace aerodynamics, demonstrate that fuel jet momentum controls the stability of this multiple jet system. A stability diagram showing the threshold for stable operation is reported, which is not explained by previous stability criteria. (author)

Szegoe, G.G.; Dally, B.B.; Nathan, G.J. [School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5005 (Australia)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Operating experience review - Ventilation systems at Department of Energy Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Office of Special Projects (DP-35), formerly Office of Self-Assessment (DP-9), analyzed occurrences caused by problems with equipment and material and recommended the following systems for an in-depth study: (1) Selective Alpha Air Monitor (SAAM), (2) Emergency Diesel Generator, (3) Ventilation System, (4) Fire Alarm System. Further, DP-35 conducted an in-depth review of the problems associated with SAAM and with diesel generators, and made several recommendations. This study focusses on ventilation system. The intent was to determine the causes for the events related to these system that were reported in the Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS), to identify components that failed, and to provide technical information from the commercial and nuclear industries on the design, operation, maintenance, and surveillance related to the system and its components. From these data, sites can develop a comprehensive program of maintenance management, including surveillance, to avoid similar occurrences, and to be in compliance with the following DOE orders.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

MACHINE PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR CONCURRENT OPERATION OF RHIC AND BLIP.  

SciTech Connect

The Brookhaven 200MeV linac is a multipurpose machine used to inject low intensity polarized protons for RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider), as well as to inject high intensity protons to BLIP (Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer), a medical isotope production facility. If high intensity protons were injected to RHIC by mistake, administrative radiation limits could be exceeded or sensitive electronics could be damaged. In the past, the changeover from polarized proton to high intensity proton operation has been a lengthy process, thereby never allowing the two programs to run simultaneously. To remedy this situation and allow concurrent operation of RHIC and BLIP, an active interlock system has been designed to monitor current levels in the AGS using two current transformers with fail safe circuitry and associated electronics to inhibit beam to RHIC if high intensity currents are detected.

WILINSKI, M.; BELLAVIA, S.; GLENN, J.W.; MAUSNER, L.F.; UNGER, K.L.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

Design, operation, and evaluation of the transportable vitrification system  

SciTech Connect

The Transportable Vitrification System (TVS) is a transportable melter system designed to demonstrate the treatment of low-level and mixed hazardous and radioactive wastes such as wastewater treatment sludges, contaminated soils and incinerator ash. The TVS is a large-scale, fully integrated vitrification system consisting of melter feed preparation, melter, offgas, service, and control modules. The TVS was tested with surrogate waste at the Clemson University Environmental Systems Engineering Department`s (ESED) DOE/Industry Center for Vitrification Research prior to being shipped to the DOE Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) K-25 site for treatment of mixed waste. This testing, along with additional testing at ORR, proved that the TVS would be able to successfully treat mixed waste. These surrogate tests consistently produced glass that met the EPA Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). Performance of the system resulted in acceptable emissions of regulated metals from the offgas system. The TVS is scheduled to begin mixed waste operations at ORR in June 1997.

Zamecnik, J.R.; Young, S.R.; Hansen, E.K.; Whitehouse, J.C.

1997-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System-C operation and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary function of the SHMS-C is to monitor specifically for hydrogen in the waste tank vapor space which may also contain (but not be limited to) unknown quantities of air, nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), ammonia (NH{sub 3}), water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO) and other gaseous constituents. An electronically controlled grab sampler has replaced the manually operated sample system that was used in the original SHMS enclosure. Samples can now be operator or automatically initiated. Automatic initiation occurs based on the high hydrogen alarm level. Once a sample is obtained it is removed from the sampler and transported to a laboratory for analysis. This system is used to identify other gaseous constituents which are not measured by the hydrogen monitor. The design does not include any remote data acquisition or remote data logging equipment but provides a 4--20 mA dc process signals, and discrete alarm contacts, that can be utilized for remote data logging and alarming when desired. The SHMS-C arrangement consists of design modifications (piping, valves, filters, supports) to the SHMS-B arrangement necessary for the installation of a dual column gas chromatograph and associated sample and calibration gas lines. The gas chromatograph will provide real time, analytical quality, specific hydrogen measurements in low and medium range concentrations. The system is designed to sample process gases that are classified by NEC code as Class 1, Division 1, Group B.

Schneider, T.C.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Short-Term Wind Speed Forecasting for Power System Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global large scale penetration of wind energy is accompanied by significant challenges due to the intermittent and unstable nature of wind. High quality short-term wind speed forecasting is critical to reliable and secure power system operations. This paper gives an overview of the current status of worldwide wind power developments and future trends, and reviews some statistical short-term wind speed forecasting models, including traditional time series models and advanced space-time statistical models. It also discusses the evaluation of forecast accuracy, in particular the need for realistic loss functions. New challenges in wind speed forecasting regarding ramp events and offshore wind farms are also presented.

Xinxin Zhu; Marc G. Genton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Hydraulically-activated operating system for an electric circuit breaker  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This operating system comprises a fluid motor having a piston, a breaker-opening space at one side of the piston, and a breaker-closing space at its opposite side. An accumulator freely communicates with the breaker-opening space for supplying pressurized fluid thereto during a circuit-breaker opening operation. A normally-closed valve located on the breaker-closing-side of the piston is openable to release liquid from the breaker-closing space so that pressurized liquid in the breaker-opening space can drive the piston in an opening direction. Means is provided for restoring the valve to its closed position following the circuit-breaker opening operation. An impeded passage affords communication between the accumulator and the breaker-closing space to allow pressurized liquid to flow from the accumulator to the breaker-closing space and develop a pressure therein substantially equal to accumulator pressure when the valve is restored to closed position following breaker-opening. This passage is so impeded that the flow therethrough from the accumulator into the breaker-closing space is sufficiently low during initial opening motion of the piston through a substantial portion of its opening stroke as to avoid interference with said initial opening motion of the piston.

Imam, Imdad (Secane, PA); Barkan, Philip (Stanford, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Ufo: A Personal Global File System Based on User-Level Extensions to the Operating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we show how to extend a wide range of functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided by many Unix operating systems. The behavior of some intercepted system calls is then modified to implement new functionality. This approach does not require any relinking or recompilation of existing applications. In fact, the extensions can even be dynamically "installed" into already running processes. The extensions work completely at the user level and install without system administrator assistance. Individual users can choose what extensions to run, in effect creating a personalized operating system view for themselves. We used this approach to implement a global file system, called Ufo, which allows users to treat remote files exactly as if they were local. Currently, Ufo supports file access through the FTP and HTTP protocols and allows new protocols to be plugged in. While several other projects have implemented global file system abstractions, they all require either changes to the operating system or modifications to standard libraries. The article gives a detailed performance analysis of our approach to extending the OS and establishes that Ufo introduces acceptable overhead for common applications even though intercepting individual system calls incurs a high cost.

Albert D. Alexandrov; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Improve Boiler System Operations- Application of Statistical Process Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Utilities Department provides utility services to Monsanto and Cain Chemical Company production units at Chocolate Bayou. Over two years ago the department recognized that a significant reduction in waste and rework could be achieved by improving steam boiler and boiler feedwater system operations. The processes were experiencing high maintenance cost due to metering pump and analyzer failures, equipment failures and fouling due to poor control of chemical treatment, and steam vent losses due to unproven system reliability. The team used statistical process control to prevent overadjustment of the process, identified special causes, interviewed customers and applied the ten steps to quality improvement. Results include a six-fold reduction in process variability, $2.3 million/year cost reduction, and improved reliability and customer relations.

Scarr, D.; Shea, D.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Fermilab Main Injector Collimation Systems: Design, Commissioning and Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fermilab Main Injector is moving toward providing 400 kW of 120 GeV proton beams using slip stacking injection of eleven Booster batches. Loss of 5% of the beam at or near injection energy results in 1.5 kW of beam loss. A collimation system has been implemented to localize this loss with the design emphasis on beam not captured in the accelerating RF buckets. More than 95% of these losses are captured in the collimation region. We will report on the construction, commissioning and operation of this collimation system. Commissioning studies and loss measurement tools will be discussed. Residual radiation monitoring of the Main Injector machine components will be used to demonstrate the effectiveness of these efforts.

Brown, Bruce; Adamson, Philip; Capista, David; Drozhdin, A.I.; Johnson, David E.; Kourbanis, Ioanis; Mokhov, Nikolai V.; Morris, Denton K.; Rakhno, Igor; Seiya, Kiyomi; Sidorov, Vladimir; /Fermilab

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Operability test procedure [Tank] 241-SY-101 equipment removal system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 241-SY-101 equipment removal system (ERS) consists of components, equipment, instrumentation and procedures that will provide the means to disconnect, retrieve, contain, load and transport the Mitigation Pump Assembly (MPA) from waste Tank 241-SY-101 to the Central Waste Complex (CWC). The Operability Test Procedure (OTP) will test the interfaces between ERS components and will rehearse the procedure for MPA removal and transportation to the extent they can be mocked-up at the CTF (Cold Test Facility). At the conclusion of the OTP, the ERS components and equipment will be removed from the CTF, entered into the Component Based Recall System (CBRS), and stored until needed for actual MPA removal and transportation.

Mast, J.C.

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

178

Proceedings of the ACM SIGOPS 22nd symposium on Operating systems principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to the Proceedings of the 22nd ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles -- SOSP'09, held in Big Sky, Montana. The 23 papers published here explore a wide range of computer systems topics, from operating system device driver design ...

Jeanna Neefe Matthews; Thomas Anderson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Smart Infrared Inspection System Field Operational Test Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Smart InfraRed Inspection System (SIRIS) is a tool designed to assist inspectors in determining which vehicles passing through the SIRIS system are in need of further inspection by measuring the thermal data from the wheel components. As a vehicle enters the system, infrared cameras on the road measure temperatures of the brakes, tires, and wheel bearings on both wheel ends of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in motion. This thermal data is then presented to enforcement personal inside of the inspection station on a user friendly interface. Vehicles that are suspected to have a violation are automatically alerted to the enforcement staff. The main goal of the SIRIS field operational test (FOT) was to collect data to evaluate the performance of the prototype system and determine the viability of such a system being used for commercial motor vehicle enforcement. From March 2010 to September 2010, ORNL facilitated the SIRIS FOT at the Greene County Inspection Station (IS) in Greeneville, Tennessee. During the course of the FOT, 413 CMVs were given a North American Standard (NAS) Level-1 inspection. Of those 413 CMVs, 384 were subjected to a SIRIS screening. A total of 36 (9.38%) of the vehicles were flagged by SIRIS as having one or more thermal issues; with brakes issues making up 33 (91.67%) of those. Of the 36 vehicles flagged as having thermal issues, 31 (86.11%) were found to have a violation and 30 (83.33%) of those vehicles were placed out-of-service (OOS). Overall the enforcement personnel who have used SIRIS for screening purposes have had positive feedback on the potential of SIRIS. With improvements in detection algorithms and stability, the system will be beneficial to the CMV enforcement community and increase overall trooper productivity by accurately identifying a higher percentage of CMVs to be placed OOS with minimal error. No future evaluation of SIRIS has been deemed necessary and specifications for a production system will soon be drafted.

Siekmann, Adam [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Extending the Operating System at the User Level: the Ufo Global File System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided by many Unix operating systems. The behavior of some intercepted system calls is then modified to implement new functionality. This approach does not require any re-linking or recompilation of existing applications. In fact, the extensions can even be dynamically "installed" into already running processes. The extensions work completely at the user level and install without system administrator assistance. We used this approach to implement a global file system, called Ufo, which allows users to treat remote files exactly as if they were local. Currently, Ufo supports file access through the FTP and HTTP protocols and allows new protocols to be plugged in. While several other projects have implemented global file system abstractions, t...

Albert Alexandrov Maximilian; Ian E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheima; Albert D. Alex; Albert D. Alex; Maximilian Ibel; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Extending the Operating System at the User Level: the Ufo Global File System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided by many Unix operating systems. The behavior of some intercepted system calls is then modified to implement new functionality. This approach does not require any re-linking or recompilation of existing applications. In fact, the extensions can even be dynamically "installed" into already running processes. The extensions work completely at the user level and install without system administrator assistance. We used this approach to implement a global file system, called Ufo, which allows users to treat remote files exactly as if they were local. Currently, Ufo supports file access through the FTP and HTTP protocols and allows new protocols to be plugged in. While several other projects have implemented global file system abstractions, th...

Albert D. Alexandrov; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Geothermal Progress Monitor: system status and operational experience  

SciTech Connect

The Geothermal Progress Monitor (GPM) is an information system designed and implemented by the MITRE Corporation on behalf of the Division of Geothermal and Hydropower Technology (DGHT, formerly Division of Geothermal Energy) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Its purpose is to keep track of and to report significant events and trends in the US geothermal industry and the federal geothermal program. The information sources of the GPM system are paper and computerized files maintained by a number of organizations throughout the United States. Trade and technical publications are also used to supplement the information-gathering network. Periodic reports from the GPM system consist mainly of manual and computerized analyses of the collected data. In addition, significant events and activities are usually highlighted. The GPM serves a dual function for DGHT and other members of the Interagency Geothermal Coordinating Council (IGCC). It supports effective management of the federal geothermal program and it provides information for executive, legislative, statutory, and public needs. This paper is a report on the current status of the GPM system and a summary of MITRE's operational experience during calendar year 1981 and the first quarter of 1982. It includes a description of the required output and the mechanism by which the information is gathered, integrated, and published as a Geothermal Progress Monitor Report.

Gerstein, R.E.; Kenkeremath, L.D.; Murphy, M.B.; Entingh, D.J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Geothermal Progress Monitor: system status and operational experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Progress Monitor (GPM) is an information system designed and implemented by the MITRE Corporation on behalf of the Division of Geothermal and Hydropower Technology (DGHT, formerly Division of Geothermal Energy) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Its purpose is to keep track of and to report significant events and trends in the US geothermal industry and the federal geothermal program. The information sources of the GPM system are paper and computerized files maintained by a number of organizations throughout the United States. Trade and technical publications are also used to supplement the information-gathering network. Periodic reports from the GPM system consist mainly of manual and computerized analyses of the collected data. In addition, significant events and activities are usually highlighted. The GPM serves a dual function for DGHT and other members of the Interagency Geothermal Coordinating Council (IGCC). It supports effective management of the federal geothermal program and it provides information for executive, legislative, statutory, and public needs. This paper is a report on the current status of the GPM system and a summary of MITRE's operational experience during calendar year 1981 and the first quarter of 1982. It includes a description of the required output and the mechanism by which the information is gathered, integrated, and published as a Geothermal Progress Monitor Report.

Gerstein, R.E.; Kenkeremath, L.D.; Murphy, M.B.; Entingh, D.J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Improved accounting of emissions from utility energy storage system operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several proposed utility-scale energy storage systems in the U.S. will use the spare output capacity of existing electric power systems to create the equivalent of new load-following plants that can rapidly respond to fluctuations in electricity demand and increase the flexibility of baseload generators. New energy storage systems using additional generation from existing plants can directly compete with new traditional sources of load-following and peaking electricity, yet this application of energy storage is not required to meet many of the Clean Air Act standards required of new electricity generators (e.g., coal- or gas-fired power plants). This study evaluates the total emissions that will likely result from the operation of a new energy storage facility when coupled with an average existing U.S. coal-fired power plant and estimates that the emission rates of SO{sub 2} and NOx will be considerably higher than the rate of a new plant meeting Clean Air Act standards, even accounting for the efficiency benefits of energy storage. This study suggests that improved emissions 'accounting' might be necessary to provide accurate environmental comparisons between energy storage and more traditional sources of electricity generation. 35 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Paul Denholm; Tracey Holloway [University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Reactor technology: power conversion systems and reactor operation and maintenance  

SciTech Connect

The use of advanced fuels permits the use of coolants (organic, high pressure helium) that result in power conversion systems with good thermal efficiency and relatively low cost. Water coolant would significantly reduce thermal efficiency, while lithium and salt coolants, which have been proposed for DT reactors, will have comparable power conversion efficiencies, but will probably be significantly more expensive. Helium cooled blankets with direct gas turbine power conversion cycles can also be used with DT reactors, but activation problems will be more severe, and the portion of blanket power in the metallic structure will probably not be available for the direct cycle, because of temperature limitations. A very important potential advantage of advanced fuel reactors over DT fusion reactors is the possibility of easier blanket maintenance and reduced down time for replacement. If unexpected leaks occur, in most cases the leaking circuit can be shut off and a redundant cooling curcuit will take over the thermal load. With the D-He/sup 3/ reactor, it appears practical to do this while the reactor is operating, as long as the leak is small enough not to shut down the reactor. Redundancy for Cat-D reactors has not been explored in detail, but appears feasible in principle. The idea of mobile units operating in the reactor chamber for service and maintenance of radioactive elements is explored.

Powell, J.R.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Operation Diagnosis for Buildings Connecting Building Management Systems with Energy Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing energy consumption of buildings is a good contribution to protect the environment and to reduce costs. The first and most important step to operate a building most efficiently is to make aware of most of the technical parameters. Connecting or installing a Building Automation Sys-tem with an Energy Management System helps to analyze the flow of material, build up an integrated Alarm Management and create an excellent documentation of the installed base. To pick the best of each and connect the two professional systems is the principle for a successful Operation Diagnosis.

Mehler, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Method for operating a combustor in a fuel cell system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of operating a combustor to heat a fuel processor in a fuel cell system, in which the fuel processor generates a hydrogen-rich stream a portion of which is consumed in a fuel cell stack and a portion of which is discharged from the fuel cell stack and supplied to the combustor, and wherein first and second streams are supplied to the combustor, the first stream being a hydrocarbon fuel stream and the second stream consisting of said hydrogen-rich stream, the method comprising the steps of monitoring the temperature of the fuel processor; regulating the quantity of the first stream to the combustor according to the temperature of the fuel processor; and comparing said quantity of said first stream to a predetermined value or range of predetermined values.

Chalfant, Robert W. (West Henrietta, NY); Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Method and system for operating an electric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and systems for operating an electric motor having a plurality of windings with an inverter having a plurality of switches coupled to a voltage source are provided. A first plurality of switching vectors is applied to the plurality of switches. The first plurality of switching vectors includes a first ratio of first magnitude switching vectors to second magnitude switching vectors. A direct current (DC) current associated with the voltage source is monitored during the applying of the first plurality of switching vectors to the plurality of switches. A second ratio of the first magnitude switching vectors to the second magnitude switching vectors is selected based on the monitoring of the DC current associated with the voltage source. A second plurality of switching vectors is applied to the plurality of switches. The second plurality of switching vectors includes the second ratio of the first magnitude switching vectors to the second magnitude switching vectors.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel; Hiti, Silva; Perisic, Milun

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

189

Review of the IEEE Standard for Computerized Operating Procedure Systems  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly nuclear power plant procedures, such as emergency operating procedures, are being presented in computer form with functionality to support operator use and management of the procedures. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) currently has guidance for the review of computer-based procedures (CBPs); however, there remain CBP functions and human performance issues for which up-to-date guidance is lacking. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has initiated a standard development effort to address the human factors engineering (HFE) aspects of CBP systems. When completed, it may provide guidance to supplement the NRC staff's review criteria. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the suitability of the IEEE Standard for use in the NRC's HFE safety reviews of CBP systems and to ensure that the guidance meets the NRC's standard for scientific and engineering rigor used in its own guidance development efforts. We established the following criteria with which to evaluate the Standard: (1) it should meet an existing need of NRC reviewers, (2) it should be based in sound HFE principles, (3) it should be thoroughly peer-reviewed, and (4) it should address CBP-related human performance issues identified in the literature. This report describes the methodology we used to evaluate each criterion. Our evaluation concluded that the Standard generally does meet these criteria, however several areas were identified for which additional clarifications are needed. Thus consideration of the Standard's use by the NRC is supported. The standard evaluation methodology developed in this study can be generally applied to the review of other HFE standards being considered for possible use or endorsement by the NRC.

O'Hara, J.; Higgins, J.

2010-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

190

IIntegrated System Health Management for Ground OperationsAutomation for Vehicle and Habitat Operations 2009 Phase II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PV systems. Overall goal for this program is development of techniques that enable power system fault effective PHM techniques and fault tolerance for power system reliability and extended operation. Impact will provide reliability and health management tools for the state-of-the-art technologies, such as advanced

191

Grid Operations and Planning Graphics System (GOP Graphics System): Functional Specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a Functional Specification Document for the GOP Graphics System to be developed for EPRI's Grid Operations and Planning area. This application will create a set of tools using the Microsoft Foundation Class Library (MFC) and will enhance the functionality of Microsoft Visual Studio's C++ Framework. The tools created by this application will focus on the requirements of power system applications and the GOP applications in particular. The objective is to create a system for creating applications w...

1999-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

192

Operation and maintenance manual for the high resolution stereoscopic video camera system (HRSVS) system 6230  

SciTech Connect

The High Resolution Stereoscopic Video Cameral System (HRSVS),system 6230, is a stereoscopic camera system that will be used as an end effector on the LDUA to perform surveillance and inspection activities within Hanford waste tanks. It is attached to the LDUA by means of a Tool Interface Plate (TIP), which provides a feed through for all electrical and pneumatic utilities needed by the end effector to operate.

Pardini, A.F., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

193

Control software architecture and operating modes of the Model M-2 maintenance system  

SciTech Connect

The Model M-2 maintenance system is the first completely digitally controlled servomanipulator. The M-2 system allows dexterous operations to be performed remotely using bilateral force-reflecting master/slave techniques, and its integrated operator interface takes advantage of touch-screen-driven menus to allow selection of all possible operating modes. The control system hardware for this system has been described previously. This paper describes the architecture of the overall control system. The system's various modes of operation are identified, the software implementation of each is described, system diagnostic routines are described, and highlights of the computer-augmented operator interface are discussed. 3 references, 5 figures.

Satterlee, P.E. Jr.; Martin, H.L.; Herndon, J.N.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Engineering Task Plan for Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System Operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tanks that are known or suspected to retain and occasionally release flammable gases are equipped with Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System (SHMS) cabinets. These cabinets contain Whittaker{trademark} electrochemical cells and may also have a gas chromatograph (GC) and/or a Bruel and Kjaer infrared photo-acoustic multi-gas monitor (B&K). The GC and B&K will be referred to collectively as ''analytical instruments'' in this document. Using these instruments, a tank can be monitored for hydrogen, helium, ammonia, methane, and nitrous oxide. Air from the tank vent header (for actively ventilated tanks) or dome space (for passively ventilated tanks) is drawn continuously through the monitoring instruments via a sample pump. This monitoring is performed to track the gas release behavior of selected waste storage tanks and to help identify any potentially serious gas release behavior. Vapor grab samples may be obtained from the SHMS as well and analyzed with a mass spectrometer to obtain concentration data about hydrogen and other gases. This document describes the requirements for the operation, maintenance, calibration, and data collection for the Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System. Additionally, this document defines who is responsible for the various tasks.

MCCAIN, D.J.

1999-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Navy Operational Global and Regional Atmospheric Prediction Systems at the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center, two computer models, the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System, NOGAPS, and the Navy Operational Regional Atmospheric Prediction System, NORAPS, generate a twice-daily suite of ...

Gail Bayler; Howard Lewit

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Hazards and operability study for the surface moisture monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Nuclear Reservation Tank Farms` underground waste tanks have been used to store liquid radioactive waste from defense materials production since the 1940`s. Waste in certain of the tanks may contain material in the form of ferrocyanide or various organic compounds which could potentially be susceptible to condensed phase chemical reactions. Because of the presence of oxidizing materials (nitrate compounds) and heat sources (radioactive decay and chemical reactions), the ferrocyanide or organic material could potentially fuel a propagating exothermic reaction with undesirable consequences. Analysis and experiments indicate that the reaction propagation and/or initiation may be prevented by the presence of sufficient moisture in the waste. Because the reaction would probably be initiated at the surface of the waste, evidence of sufficient moisture concentration would help provide evidence that the tank waste can continue to be safely stored. The Surface Moisture Measurement System (SMMS) was developed to collect data on the surface moisture in the waste by inserting two types of probes (singly) into a waste tank-a neutron probe and an electromagnetic inductance (EMI) probe. The sensor probes will be placed on the surface of the waste utilizing a moveable deployment arm to lower them through an available riser. The movement of the SMMS within the tank will be monitored by a camera lowered through an adjacent riser. The SMMS equipment is the subject of this study. Hazards and Operability Analysis (HAZOP) is a systematic technique for assessing potential hazards and/or operability problems for a new activity. It utilizes a multidiscipline team of knowledgeable individuals in a systematic brainstorming effort. The results of this study will be used as input to an Unreviewed Safety Question determination.

Board, B.D.

1996-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Optimal Operation Scheme for a Cogeneration System Promoted from an Emergency Standby System Combined with Absorption Chiller  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel optimal operation scheme for a cogeneration system that is promoted from an emergency standby system combined with absorption chiller is introduced. The fuel cost, Time-of-use (TOU) tariff and various operational constrains are taken into account ... Keywords: cogeneration system, Time-of-use tariff, optimal operation scheme

Shyi-Wen Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Semi-Autonomous Multi-Use Robot System and Method of Operation ...  

Energy Innovation Portal ... Solar Thermal; Startup ... to a semi- autonomous multi-use robot system and a method for cost effective operation of the system within an ...

199

Coordination of reactive power scheduling in a multi-area power system operated by independent utilities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses the problem of reactive power scheduling in a power system with several areas controlled by independent transmission system operators (TSOs). To design… (more)

Phulpin, Yannick

200

REAL TIME TEST BED DEVELOPMENT FOR POWER SYSTEM OPERATION,CONTROL AND CYBERSECURITY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The operation and control of the power system in an efficient way is important in order to keep the system secure, reliable and economical.… (more)

Reddi, Ram Mohan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Hydraulically-actuated operating system for an electric circuit breaker  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This hydraulically-actuated operating system comprises a cylinder, a piston movable therein in an opening direction to open a circuit breaker, and an accumulator for supplying pressurized liquid to a piston-actuating space within the cylinder. A normally-closed valve between the accumulator and the actuating space is openable to allow pressurized liquid from the accumulator to flow through the valve into the actuating space to drive the piston in an opening direction. A vent is located hydraulically between the actuating space and the valve for affording communication between said actuating space and a low pressure region. Flow control means is provided for restricting leakage through said vent to a rate that prevents said leakage from substantially detracting from the development of pressure within said actuatng space during the period from initial opening of the valve to the time when said piston has moved through most of its opening stroke. Following such period and while the valve is still open, said flow control means allows effective leakage through said vent. The accumulator has a limited capacity that results in the pressure within said actuating space decaying promptly to a low value as a result of effective leakage through said vent after the piston has moved through a circuit-breaker opening stroke and while the valve is in its open state. Means is provided for resetting the valve to its closed state in response to said pressure decay in the actuating space.

Barkan, Philip (Media, PA); Imam, Imdad (Secane, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Pressurized reactor system and a method of operating the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for operating a pressurized reactor system in order to precisely control the temperature within a pressure vessel in order to minimize condensation of corrosive materials from gases on the surfaces of the pressure vessel or contained circulating fluidized bed reactor, and to prevent the temperature of the components from reaching a detrimentally high level, while at the same time allowing quick heating of the pressure vessel interior volume during start-up. Superatmospheric pressure gas is introduced from the first conduit into the fluidized bed reactor and heat derived reactions such as combustion and gassification are maintained in the reactor. Gas is exhausted from the reactor and pressure vessel through a second conduit. Gas is circulated from one part of the inside volume to another to control the temperature of the inside volume, such as by passing the gas through an exterior conduit which has a heat exchanger, control valve, blower and compressor associated therewith, or by causing natural convection flow of circulating gas within one or more generally vertically extending gas passages entirely within the pressure vessel (and containing heat exchangers, flow rate control valves, or the like therein). Preferably, inert gas is provided as a circulating gas, and the inert gas may also be used in emergency shut-down situations. In emergency shut-down reaction gas being supplied to the reactor is cut off, while inert gas from the interior gas volume of the pressure vessel is introduced into the reactor.

Isaksson, Juhani M. (Karhula, FI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Pressurized reactor system and a method of operating the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for operating a pressurized reactor system in order to precisely control the temperature within a pressure vessel in order to minimize condensation of corrosive materials from gases on the surfaces of the pressure vessel or contained circulating fluidized bed reactor, and to prevent the temperature of the components from reaching a detrimentally high level, while at the same time allowing quick heating of the pressure vessel interior volume during start-up. Super-atmospheric pressure gas is introduced from the first conduit into the fluidized bed reactor and heat derived reactions such as combustion and gasification are maintained in the reactor. Gas is exhausted from the reactor and pressure vessel through a second conduit. Gas is circulated from one part of the inside volume to another to control the temperature of the inside volume, such as by passing the gas through an exterior conduit which has a heat exchanger, control valve, blower and compressor associated therewith, or by causing natural convection flow of circulating gas within one or more generally vertically extending gas passages entirely within the pressure vessel (and containing heat exchangers, flow rate control valves, or the like therein). Preferably, inert gas is provided as a circulating gas, and the inert gas may also be used in emergency shut-down situations. In emergency shut-down reaction gas being supplied to the reactor is cut off, while inert gas from the interior gas volume of the pressure vessel is introduced into the reactor. 2 figs.

Isaksson, J.M.

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

204

Real-Time Adaptive Automation System Based on Identification of Operator Functional State in Simulated Process Control Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new framework for the online monitoring and adaptive control of automation in complex and safety-critical human-machine systems using psychophysiological markers relating to humans under mental stress. The starting point of this ... Keywords: Adaptive Automation (AA), man–machine systems, neural-fuzzy modeling and control, operator functional state (OFS), psychophysiology, signal processing

Ching-Hua Ting; M. Mahfouf; A. Nassef; D. A. Linkens; G. Panoutsos; P. Nickel; A. C. Roberts; G. Hockey

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Operation and maintenance manual for the optical alignment system (OAS) system 6250  

SciTech Connect

The OAS is a camera and laser system that will be used as an end effector on the LDUA to properly align the arm with the entry riser. It is attached to the LDUA by means of a Tool Interface Plat (TIP) which provides a feed through for all electrical and pneumatic utilities needed by the end effector to operate.

Pardini, A.F., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Host Utility Study of System Operating Impacts of FACTS Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexible AC Transmission system (FACTS) devices can enhance power system control via added economic transfers and increased security and reliability. This report assesses FACTS system impacts and identifies ways of improving system performance through centralized FACTS coordination and control.

1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

207

HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems. Power Systems Technology Program  

SciTech Connect

Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E{sub 1} (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E{sub 3} (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council`s regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.

Reddoch, T.W.; Markel, L.C. [Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

SC Systems and Operations (SCSO) Division | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

SC Systems SC Systems and Operations (SCSO) Division Business Policy and Operations (BPO) BPO Home Leadership Organization Chart .pdf file (195KB) Business Management and Planning (BMP) Division SC Systems and Operations (SCSO) Division Contact Information Business Policy & Operations U.S. Department of Energy SC-45/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-0192 F: (301) 903-2481 More Information » SC Systems and Operations (SCSO) Division Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The SC Systems and Operations Division (SCSO) provides support for the SC HQ users in the areas of operations and maintenance for SC's network infrastructure, operational applications, cyber security, Science web sites and portals, COOP/ disaster recovery, IT property and asset management, and

209

Operations Evaluation Report -- Pressurized Ozonation System, North Mississippi Medical Center Laundry Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes ozone and its benefits in healthcare laundry operations. In particular, case studies of two ozone applications -- one in a 650-bed regional medical center and another in a 131-bed skilled nursing and rehabilitation facility -- highlight and quantify ozone's benefits.

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

210

Operating experience with Huntorf, 290 MW - world's first air storage system energy transfer (ASSET) plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes in detail the operating experience with the plant as a system and also performance of the different equipment. During these first years of operation, all problems seem to have been solved and the plant has been integrated into daily operation of the NWK system. 4 refs.

Maass, P.; Stys, Z.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Installation, operation, and maintenance for the pyramidal optics solar system installed at Yacht Cove, Columbia, SC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Information is presented concerning the installation, operation, and maintenance of the pyramidal Solar System for space heating and domestic hot water. Included are such items as principles of operation, sequence of installation, and procedures for the operation and maintenance of each subsystem making up the solar system. Also included are trouble-shooting charts and maintenance schedules.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Optimal design and operation of energy polygeneration systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polygeneration is a concept where multiple energy products are generated in a single plant by tightly integrating multiple processes into one system. Compared to conventional single-product systems, polygeneration systems ...

Chen, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Chemical Engineering

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Wind-To-Hydrogen Project: Operational Experience, Performance Testing, and Systems Integration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind2H2 system is fully functional and continues to gather performance data. In this report, specifications of the Wind2H2 equipment (electrolyzers, compressor, hydrogen storage tanks, and the hydrogen fueled generator) are summarized. System operational experience and lessons learned are discussed. Valuable operational experience is shared through running, testing, daily operations, and troubleshooting the Wind2H2 system and equipment errors are being logged to help evaluate the reliability of the system.

Harrison, K. W.; Martin, G. D.; Ramsden, T. G.; Kramer, W. E.; Novachek, F. J.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

System and method of operating toroidal magnetic confinement devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to methods and arrangements for attaining high beta values in plasma confinement devices. More specifically, this invention pertains to methods for accessing the second stability region of operation in toroidal magnetic confinement devices.

Chance, M.S.; Jardin, S.C.; Stix, T.H.; Grimm, R.C.; Manickam, J.; Okabayashi, M.

1984-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

NERVA Program. Operating procedure: cart cooling system, Test Cell A  

SciTech Connect

The instructions described in this procedure are typical of the operation of Test Cell A relative to the KIWI-B4A. Operation of Test Cell A relative to the NRX reactor will require modifications dictated by specific test requirements. Under NRX conditions, it will be the responsibility of the test cell manager to evaluate the capabilities of Test Cell A in terms of given test requirements and then set forth detailed checklists which will be compatible with the test requirements.

1963-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Water Outlet Control Mechanism for Fuel Cell System Operation ...  

Self-Regulating Water Separation System for Fuel Cells Innovators at NASA’s Johnson Space ... Solar Thermal; Startup ... The system uses the flow energy of the fuel ...

217

Water turbine system and method of operation - Energy ...  

A system for providing electrical power from a current turbine is provided. The system includes a floatation device and a mooring. A water turbine structure is ...

218

Optimal operation and design of solar-thermal energy storage systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present thesis focuses on the optimal operation and design of solar-thermal energy storage systems. First, optimization of time-variable operation to maximize revenue through selling and purchasing electricity to/from ...

Lizarraga-García, Enrique

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Design and Testing of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) has proven itself to be competitive with any of the large forecast models run by the large operational forecast centers around the world. The navy depends on NOGAPS for an ...

Thomas E. Rosmond

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Object lessons learned from a distributed system for remote building monitoring and operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe our experiences with the design, the deployment, and the initial operation of a distributed system for the remote monitoring and operation of multiple heterogeneous commercial buildings across the Internet from a single control ...

Frank Olken; Hans-Arno Jacobsen; Chuck McParland; Mary Ann Piette; Mary F. Anderson

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

V-174: RSA Authentication Manager Writes Operating System, SNMP, and HTTP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: RSA Authentication Manager Writes Operating System, SNMP, 4: RSA Authentication Manager Writes Operating System, SNMP, and HTTP Plug-in Proxy Passwords in Clear Text to Log Files V-174: RSA Authentication Manager Writes Operating System, SNMP, and HTTP Plug-in Proxy Passwords in Clear Text to Log Files June 10, 2013 - 12:47am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA Authentication Manager Writes Operating System, SNMP, and HTTP Plug-in Proxy Passwords in Clear Text to Log Files PLATFORM: RSA Authentication Manager 8.0 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in RSA Authentication Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: RSA SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028638 CVE-2013-0947 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The system may write operating system, SNMP, and HTTP plug-in proxy passwords in clear text to log and configuration files. IMPACT: A local user can obtain operating system, SNMP, and HTTP plug-in proxy

222

Hg System Operation Review MERIT Pre-Installation Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydraulic pump · 40 gal vegetable-oil based hydraulic fluid · Hg flow rate 1.6liter/s (24.9gpm) · Piston System Description · Syringe pump · Hydraulic power unit w/control system · Optical diagnostic system Pre-Installation Review 30 Mar 2007 Syringe Pump System · Primary containment - Hg-wetted components

McDonald, Kirk

223

Posters Toward an Operational Water Vapor Remote Sensing System Using the Global Positioning System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Posters Toward an Operational Water Vapor Remote Sensing System Using the Global Positioning System S. I. Gutman, (a) R. B. Chadwick, (b) and D. W. Wolf (c) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado A. Simon Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science Boulder, Colorado T. Van Hove and C. Rocken University Navstar Consortium Boulder, Colorado Background Water vapor is one of the most important constituents of the free atmosphere since it is the principal mechanism by which moisture and latent heat are transported and cause "weather." The measurement of atmospheric water vapor is essential for weather and climate research as well as for operational weather forecasting. An important goal in modern weather prediction is to improve the accuracy of short-term

224

On the Development of Object-Oriented Operating Systems for Deeply Embedded Systems - The PURE Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Embedded systems are becoming more and more important --- and they are becoming more and more complex. Getting through daily life without being faced with electronically controlled devices is almost unthinkable. This holds not only for the general consumer market regarding cameras, HIFI, kitchen aids, washing machines etc., but also for other markets such as aircraft or automotive industries. Today's limousines, for example, can be considered (large scale) distributed systems on wheels. There are cars in daily operation consisting of over 60 networked processors (i. e. ¯-controllers). Although these systems are quite large with respect to the number of ¯-controllers, they are still small with respect to memory size. In the above mentioned case, 1--2 MB of global memory (for the entire embedded distributed system) is not uncommon --- and this would already be more than luxurious. Typically, a single ¯-controller-based

Danilo Beuche; Abdelaziz Guerrouat; Holger Papajewski; Wolfgang Schröder-Preikschat; Olaf Spinczyk; Ute Spinczyk

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF) Operator Training Station (OTS) System Configuration Management Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Treated Effluent Disposal Facility Operator Training Station (TEDF OTS) is a computer based training tool designed to aid plant operations and engineering staff in familiarizing themselves with the TEDF Central Control System (CCS). It consists of PC compatible computers and a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) designed to emulate the responses of various plant components connected to or under the control of the CCS. The system trains operators by simulating the normal operation but also has the ability to force failures of different equipment allowing the operator to react and observe the events. The paper describes organization, responsibilities, system configuration management activities, software, and action plans for fully utilizing the simulation program.

Carter, R.L. Jr.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Cyber vulnerability in power systems operation and control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern power systems are composed of several interacting national systems synchronously or asynchronously interconnected over large geographic areas, and in the European case on a continental basis. In each country several areas are put under the control ...

Ettore Bompard; Paolo Cuccia; Marcelo Masera; Igor Nai Fovino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

First operational experience with the CMS Run Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Run Control System of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at CERN's new Large Hadron Collider (LHC) controls the sub-detector and central data acquisition systems and the high-level trigger farm of the experiment. ...

Bauer, Gerry P.

228

Impact assessment of wind generation on the operations of a power system  

SciTech Connect

The impact of intermittent wind generation on the operations of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) power system is investigated. The operations of the TVA power system are outlined, and the hypothetical reconfiguration of the TVA transmission system to accommodate wind generation is described. Simulations and analyses of wind generation impacts on unit commitment, unit predispatch, and automatic control of generation are also presented.

Sadanandan, N.D.; Hilson, D.W.; Morris, K.W.; Needham, M.E.; Sendaula, M.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Development of a Distributed Control System (DCS) for Geothermal Steamfield Operations at Kawerau, NZ  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A distributed control system (DCS) has been developed for operation of the Kawerau geothermal field. The DCS functions include steam pressure control, steam flow billing, flow and pressure monitoring, remote well flow control and auto paging field operators. The system has evolved over a number of years from paper chart recorders to dataloggers to a desktop PC system to an industrial DCS.

Koorey, K.J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Framework for Adaptable Operating and Runtime Systems: Final Project Report  

SciTech Connect

In this grant, we examined a wide range of techniques for constructing high-performance con#12;gurable system software for HPC systems and its application to DOE-relevant problems. Overall, research and development on this project focused in three specifc areas: (1) software frameworks for constructing and deploying con#12;gurable system software, (2) applcation of these frameworks to HPC-oriented adaptable networking software, (3) performance analysis of HPC system software to understand opportunities for performance optimization.

Patrick G. Bridges

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

PIA - DOE Savannah River Operations Office PRISM System | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PIA, Idaho National Laboratory PIA - Bonneville Power Adminstration Ethics Helpline MOX Services Unclassified Information System PIA, National Nuclear Services Administration...

232

Applications of Optimal Building Energy System Selection and Operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab has been developing the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) for several years. Given load curves for energy services requirements in a building microgrid (u grid), fuel costs and other economic inputs, and a menu of available technologies, DER-CAM finds the optimum equipment fleet and its optimum operating schedule using a mixed integer linear programming approach. This capability is being applied using a software as a service (SaaS) model. Optimisation problems are set up on a Berkeley Lab server and clients can execute their jobs as needed, typically daily. The evolution of this approach is demonstrated by description of three ongoing projects. The first is a public access web site focused on solar photovoltaic generation and battery viability at large commercial and industrial customer sites. The second is a building CO2 emissions reduction operations problem for a University of California, Davis student dining hall for which potential investments are also considered. And the third, is both a battery selection problem and a rolling operating schedule problem for a large County Jail. Together these examples show that optimization of building u grid design and operation can be effectively achieved using SaaS.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; DeForest, Nicholas; Donadee, Jon; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; Lai, Judy

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A System for Semi-Autonomous Tractor Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tractors are the workhorses of the modern farm. By automating these machines, we can increase the productivity, improve safety, and reduce costs for many agricultural operations. Many researchers have tested computer-controlled machines for farming, ... Keywords: agricultural robots, obstacle detection, path tracking, position estimation, sensor fusion

Anthony Stentz; Cristian Dima; Carl Wellington; Herman Herman; David Stager

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Integration of Variable Generation Forecasting into System Operations: Current Practices and Future Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project update provides the first output of the EPRI Bulk Renewable Integration Program Project P173-010, “Integration of Variable Generation Forecasts into System Operations.” This project, begun in 2013, aims to improve existing methods utilities/independent system operators (ISOs) use to integrate forecasts into system operations and develop new methods. This year’s goal was to identify current practices and future requirements. This was done by interacting with a wide ...

2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

Construction and initial operation of a seasonal solar cooling system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A solar ice-making system based on an Argonne National Laboratory design is considered for home cooling. The water-based storage system, which is a plain concrete tank, was integrated into the foundation of the house. Freon-12 is the working fluid used in the ice-making system. Several modifications were made in the system and brief discussions about these changes are presented. An itemized cost report of the project is included along with drawings for the layout of the system. (BCS)

Harkness, J.B.L.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

CBE Portable Wireless Monitoring System (PWMS): UFAD Systems Commissioning Cart Design Specifications and Operating Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cart: Design and Operating Manual http://escholarship.org/Cart: Design and Operating Manual http://escholarship.org/Cart: Design and Operating Manual http://escholarship.org/

Webster, Tom; Bauman, Fred; Anwar, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Final Report: Mobile Surveillance and Wireless Communication Systems Field Operational Test Volume 2: FOT Objectives, Organization, System Design, Results, Conclusions and Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for operation Mobile Surveillance and Wireless CommunicationDesign and Operation The mobile surveillance and wirelessAND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPERATION .

Klein, Lawrence

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Partially Shaded Operation of a Grid-Tied PV System: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents background and experimental results from a single-string grid-tied PV system, operated under a variety of shading conditions.

Deline, C.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Extending the Battery-Powered Operating Time of a Wireless Environmental Monitoring System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances in low-power microelectronics and sensor technologies have enabled the creation of sophisticated environmental monitoring systems capable of operating on battery power. Independence from a… (more)

Butler, Ross Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Integrated Modeling of Electric Power System Operations and Electricity Market Risks with Applications .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Through integrated modeling of power system operations and market risks, this thesis addresses a variety of important issues on market signals modeling, generation capacity scheduling,… (more)

Sun, Haibin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation for high penetration of wind power .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??High penetration of wind energy requires innovations in different areas of power engineering. Methods for improving wind energy and power system interconnection, control, and operation… (more)

Liang, Jiaqi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Multi-agent control and operation of electric power distribution systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents operation and control strategies for electric power distribution systems containing distributed generators. First, models of microturbines and fuel cells are developed. These… (more)

Al-Hinai, Amer.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

An Object-Oriented Nano-Kernel for Operating System Hardware Support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: The nano-kernel in the /spl mu/Choices operating system provides hardware support for the operating system. The nano-kernel is a single, modular subsystem that encapsulates the hardware and presents an idealized machine architecture to the ... Keywords: /spl mu/Choices operating system hardware support, UNIX, Unix, abstract classes, hardware encapsulation, higher level abstractions, idealized machine architecture, interface, object-oriented methods, object-oriented nano-kernel, object-oriented programming, operating system kernels, policy, portable design, process paradigms, single modular subsystem, software portability, virtual memory

D. K. Raila

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Decision support for operations and maintenance (DSOM) system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for minimizing the life cycle cost of processes such as heating a building. The method utilizes sensors to monitor various pieces of equipment used in the process, for example, boilers, turbines, and the like. The method then performs the steps of identifying a set optimal operating conditions for the process, identifying and measuring parameters necessary to characterize the actual operating condition of the process, validating data generated by measuring those parameters, characterizing the actual condition of the process, identifying an optimal condition corresponding to the actual condition, comparing said optimal condition with the actual condition and identifying variances between the two, and drawing from a set of pre-defined algorithms created using best engineering practices, an explanation of at least one likely source and at least one recommended remedial action for selected variances, and providing said explanation as an output to at least one user.

Jarrell, Donald B. (Kennewick, WA); Meador, Richard J. (Richland, WA); Sisk, Daniel R. (Richland, WA); Hatley, Darrel D. (Kennewick, WA); Brown, Daryl R. (Richland, WA); Keibel, Gary R. (Richland, WA); Gowri, Krishnan (Richland, WA); Reyes-Spindola, Jorge F. (Richland, WA); Adams, Kevin J. (San Bruno, CA); Yates, Kenneth R. (Lake Oswego, OR); Eschbach, Elizabeth J. (Fort Collins, CO); Stratton, Rex C. (Richland, WA)

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

245

California Independent System Operator's Smart Grid Roadmap Initiative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the significant opportunities and challenges facing the California Independent Service Operator (ISO) driven by California energy and environmental goals along with emerging technologies expected to prove essential in meeting these goals, the ISO engaged the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to provide input and guidance in developing a roadmap for smart grid-related technology investments. To develop the roadmap, the EPRI team used the EPRI IntelliGrid methodology through use cases to discov...

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

Worcester 1 Inch Solenoid Actuated Gas Operated SCHe System Valves  

SciTech Connect

1 inch gas-operated full-port ball valves incorporate a solenoid and limit switches as integral parts of the actuator. These valves are normally open and fail safe to the open position (GOV-1*02 and 1*06 fail closed) to provide a flow path of helium gas to the MCO under helium purge and off-normal conditions when the MCO is isolated.

MISKA, C.R.

2000-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

247

Worcester 1 Inch Solenoid Actuated Gas Operated SCHe System Valves  

SciTech Connect

1 inch Gas-operated full-port ball valves incorporate a solenoid and limit switches as integral parts of the actuator. These valves are normally open and fail safe to the open position (GOV-1*02 and 1*06 fall closed) to provide a flow path of helium gas to the MCO under helium purge and off-normal conditions when the MCO is isolated.

VAN KATWIJK, C.

2000-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

248

Worcester 1 Inch Solenoid Actuated Gas Operated SCHe System Valves  

SciTech Connect

1 inch gas-operated full-port ball valves incorporate a solenoid and limit switches as integral parts of the actuator. These valves are normally open and fail safe to the open position (GOV-1*02 and 1*06 fail closed) to provide a flow path of helium gas to the MCO under helium purge and off-normal conditions when the MCO is isolated.

MISKA, C.R.

2000-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

249

Worcester 1 Inch Solenoid Actuated Gas Operated SCHe System Valves  

SciTech Connect

1 inch Gas-operated full-port ball valves incorporate a solenoid and limit switches as integral parts of the actuator. These valves are normally open and fail safe to the open position (GOV-1*02 and 1*06 fail closed) to provide a flow path of helium gas to the MCO under helium purge and off-normal conditions when the MCO is isolated.

VAN KATWIJK, C.

2000-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

250

Ancillary services and operation of multi-terminal HVdc systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, stability and protection. Economic dispatch. HVDC transmission. (Lecture - problems 3 hours.) Traditional and filters. Magnetics. Applications in motor controls in industrial systems, energy conversion, HVDC transmis

Ernst, Damien

251

Model Predictive Control for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the chillers and cooling towers, the thermal storage tankthe chillers and cooling towers, the thermal storage tank,of thermal energy storage in building cooling systems.

Ma, Yudong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Holistic Evaluation of Lightweight Operating Systems using the PERCU Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Performance xii (ESP) tests. Each test has specificconsistency. Finally, the ESP-2 test, described below, ranneed it is also necessary. The ESP xx test was designed to

Kramer, William T.C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Post-Retrocommissioning HVAC Operations Monitoring Using Enterprise-Wide energy Management System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2004, the County of Los Angeles have retrocommissioned over 4 million square feet and additional RCx work is underway. The scope of the HVAC retrocommissioning (RCs) involved systematic investigation of mechanical, electrical and controls components/systems to diagnose and resolve root causes of operational deficiencies. During the implementation phase, new energy efficiency measures were installed, sequence of operations were optimized and functionally tested. System-level benchmark models for HVAC systems were developed based on optimized runs of eQUEST energy models and parametrically integrated into the County owned web-based Enterprise Energy Management Information Systems (EEMIS) with Itron/Silicon Energy EEM Suite backbone for the purpose of monitoring the operations of the HVAC systems. The paper and presentation describes the HVAC RCx process to optimize operations, cost and savings associated with this project and key operational changes to sustain optimized operations without sacrificing tenant comfort.

Amarnani, N.; Roberts, B.; Choy, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Lessons Learned: Planning and Operating Power Systems with Large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 2008 2009 Year kW 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 No. Installed kW No. Systems #12;2 Most to their systems powered by as-available renewable energy sources (primarily wind and solar). The Big Island also and controlled to the extent as combustion turbines, diesels or steam generators. The geothermal units on the Big

255

Optimization system for operation of gas cogeneration power plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a distributed control system for the realization of cogenerative supply of electricity and heat and, in given case, for their combination with waste heat recovery, particularly in combined (gas-steam) cycle industrial power plants. ... Keywords: cogenerative gas power plant, control of distributed parameter systems, optimization, process control

Ion Miciu

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs: Application of Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a Bayesian Network (BN) is utilized for developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs which is mainly aimed to control floods and supply irrigation needs. BN is trained and verified using the results of a reservoir ... Keywords: Bayesian Networks (BNs), Long-term and short-term operation optimization, Reservoir operating rules, Varying chromosome Length Genetic Algorithm (VLGA)

Bahram Malekmohammadi; Reza Kerachian; Banafsheh Zahraie

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Spanish Power Exchange Market and Information System Design concepts, and operating experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spanish Power Exchange Market and Information System Design concepts, and operating experience Jose Market started operations. All generators, distributors, commercialization companies, and final consumers negotiate all power exchanges through the spot market. The Spanish Power Exchange Market Operator (Compañia

Tesfatsion, Leigh

258

Operator awareness of system status during Fast Flux Test Facility transition to standby  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A facility in transition, due to a change in its mission or its operating status, begins to depart from a previously well-defined normal mode of operation. The equipment becomes reconfigured or deactivated. In an environment of transition, the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) has employed methods to enhance operator awareness of system status. These methods are described in this report.

Gibson, J.L.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The Effect of Degraded Digital Instrumentation and Control systems on Human-system Interfaces and Operator Performance  

SciTech Connect

Integrated digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in new and advanced nuclear power plants (NPPs) will support operators in monitoring and controlling the plants. Even though digital systems typically are expected to be reliable, their potential for degradation or failure significantly could affect the operators performance and, consequently, jeopardize plant safety. This U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) research investigated the effects of degraded I&C systems on human performance and on plant operations. The objective was to develop technical basis and guidance for human factors engineering (HFE) reviews addressing the operator's ability to detect and manage degraded digital I&C conditions. We reviewed pertinent standards and guidelines, empirical studies, and plant operating experience. In addition, we evaluated the potential effects of selected failure modes of the digital feedwater control system of a currently operating pressurized water reactor (PWR) on human-system interfaces (HSIs) and the operators performance. Our findings indicated that I&C degradations are prevalent in plants employing digital systems, and the overall effects on the plant's behavior can be significant, such as causing a reactor trip or equipment to operate unexpectedly. I&C degradations may affect the HSIs used by operators to monitor and control the plant. For example, deterioration of the sensors can complicate the operators interpretation of displays, and sometimes may mislead them by making it appear that a process disturbance has occurred. We used the findings as the technical basis upon which to develop HFE review guidance.

OHara, J.M.; Gunther, B.; Martinez-Guridi, G. (BNL); Xing, J.; Barnes, V. (NRC)

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

260

New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. In response to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information regarding smart grid implementation listed in the September 17, 2010 Federal Register, the New York Independent System Operator, Inc. (NYISO) offers the attached white paper entitled Envisioning a Smarter Grid for New York Consumers. New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges. More Documents & Publications Smart Grid Consortium, Response of New York State Smart Grid Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges 2009 Smart Grid System Report (July 2009)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Description of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System's Spectral Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a description of the development of the spectral forecast components of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS). The original system, called 3.0, was introduced in January 1988. New versions were introduced ...

Timothy F. Hogan; Thomas E. Rosmond

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to the Proceedings of the 24th ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP 2013), held at the Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Farmington, Pennsylvania, USA. This year's program includes 30 papers, and touches on a wide range of computer systems ...

Michael Kaminsky, Mike Dahlin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Economic and Emergency Operations of the Storage System in a Microgrid.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Storage system is one of the critical components of the microgrid. Storage system has broad applicability in short-term and long-term operations of microgrid. Storage… (more)

Shaghayegh, Bahramirad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

An approach to analyze tradeoffs for aerospace system design and operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are important tradeoffs that need to be considered for the design and operation of aerospace systems. In addition to tradeoffs, there may also be multiple stakeholders of interest to the system and each may have ...

O'Neill, Michael Gregory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

An Approach to Analyze Tradeoffs for Aerospace System Design and Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are important tradeoffs that need to be considered for the design and operation of aerospace systems. In addition to tradeoffs, there may also be multiple stakeholders of interest to the system and each may have ...

O'Neill, Gregory

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Multi-agent control and operation of electric power distribution systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This dissertation presents operation and control strategies for electric power distribution systems containing distributed generators. First, models of microturbines and fuel cells are developed. These dynamic models are incorporated in a power system ...

Amer Al-Hinai / Ali Feliachi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A study of the Mighty Motors operating system : making sustainable improvements at a powertrain manufacturing facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many manufacturing companies are developing their own production or operating system, particularly in an effort to duplicate the widely renowned Toyota Production System. Toyota has demonstrated its potential for improving ...

Dibb, Gregory David, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Operating Statistics for The Transformational Question Answering System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- lems, another example perhaps being Krause (1979). In an attempt to see if a useful natural language. Other uses of the files are apparent from inspection of the questions asked of the system, a sample

269

Design and operation of microchemical systems for multistep chemical syntheses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focused on advancing the microchemical field from single device based demonstrations to systems that can perform multi-step series and parallel synthesis. Few examples of micro-separators and micro-pumps suited ...

Sahoo, Hemantkumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Modeling and Optimization for Transportation Systems Planning and Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on a number of applications of network optimization techniques to transportation systems analysis. In particular, network analysis problems, network design problems, and network management problems ...

Gartner, Nathan H.

271

Holistic Evaluation of Lightweight Operating Systems using the PERCU Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a Reawakended Relationship for NERSC and Cray, Cray Userout over a 5-month period on NERSC's 19,480 core Cray XT-4,Cray XT-4 dual core system at NERSC running two completely

Kramer, William T.C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Understanding the Impact of Interconnect Failures on System Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware failures are inevitable on large high performance computing systems. Faults or performance degradations in the high-speed network can reduce the entire system s performance. Since the introduction of the Gemini interconnect, Cray systems have become resilient to many networking faults that were fatal in their previous generation systems. These new network reliability and resiliency features have enabled higher uptimes on Cray systems by allowing them to continue running with reduced network performance. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a set of user-level diagnostics that stresses the high-speed network and searches for components that are not performing as expected. Nearest-neighbor bandwidth tests check every network chip and network link in the system. Additionally, performance counters stored on the network ASIC s memory mapped registers (MMRs) are used to better understand the state of the network. Applications have also been characterized under various suboptimal network conditions to better understand what impact network problems have on user codes.

Ezell, Matthew A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Computer simulation of wind/diesel system operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document reports on a computer code, SOLSTOR W/D, that determines --- for a site's wind energy resources, load requirements, and economic constraints --- the components and sizes for a wind/diesel system that result in the lowest cost of energy. Wind diesel systems are defined here as electricity generation stations in the 50-kW to 1-MW range that (1) are not connected to another electricity network, (2) use wind energy as the first source of supply to meet demand, and (3) contain sufficient energy storage and/or backup diesel electric generators to compensate for lapses in wind energy. The computer code also determines, for the same input load, the requirements and economics that are the best number and size for an isolated diesel(s) system so that comparisons for wind/diesel systems and diesel-only systems can be made. SOLSTOR W/D provides a systematic method to show whether wind-diesel systems can be an attractive means of saving fossil fuel without significantly affecting electricity quality or production cost. 12 refs., 66 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

High Gradient Operation with the CEBAF Upgrade RF Control System  

SciTech Connect

The CEBAF Accelerator at Jefferson Lab is presently a 6 GeV five pass electron accelerator consisting of two superconducting linacs joined by independent magnetic transport arcs. Energy will be upgraded to 12 GeV with the addition of 10 new high gradient cryomodules (17+ MV/m). The higher gradients pose significant challenges beyond what the present analog low level RF (LLRF) control systems can handle reliably; therefore, a new LLRF control system is needed. A prototype system has been developed incorporating a large FPGA and using digital down and up conversion to minimize the need for analog components. The new system is more flexible and less susceptible to drifts and component nonlinearities. Because resonance control is critical to reach high gradients quickly, the new cryomodules will include a piezoelectric tuner for each cavity, and the LLRF controls must incorporate both feedback and feed-forward methods to achieve optimal resonance control performance. This paper discusses development of the new RF system, system performance for phase and amplitude stability and resonance control under Lorentz detuning measured during recent tests on a prototype cryomodule.

J. Hovater; G. Davis; Hai Dong; Alicia Hofler; Lawrence King; John Musson; Tomasz Plawski

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

275

Plant and operational features of the BPA 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system was designed and developed for application in the Western US Power System to damp power oscillations that limit high voltage ac transmission. The system is in place at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Tacoma Substation and has been in an experimental use for over a year. Extended operations of the unit have been undertaken with success. The physical, electrical, and operational features of the SMES system are given.

Rogers, J.D.; Hauer, J.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Secure virtual architecture: a safe execution environment for commodity operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an efficient and robust approach to provide a safe execution environment for an entire operating system, such as Linux, and all its applications. The approach, which we call Secure Virtual Architecture (SVA), defines ... Keywords: compiler, memory safety, operating systems, security, type safety, typed assembly language, virtual machine

John Criswell; Andrew Lenharth; Dinakar Dhurjati; Vikram Adve

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

ENVIRONMENTAL (INTERIOR) DESIGN Industry standard operating system for Environmental Design is Windows.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is Windows. A computer with at least: 2.8 GHz or higher dual or quad 4GB Memory (8 GB recommended) 500GB hardCAD Revit -- FREE Windows Operating System and Bootcamp (for Mac users to run PC sofware) Google Sketchup Pro -- for a fee, we don't use standard Sketchup Microsoft Windows 7 64bit Operating System (or use

Peterson, Blake R.

278

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality 3 #12;4 Meaning of "Smart Grid Functionality"? For our project purposes: Smart-grid functionality

Tesfatsion, Leigh

279

A Rapidly Deployable Operational Mesoscale Modeling System for Emergency-Response Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational mesoscale model–based forecasting system has been developed for use by U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command meteorologists in their support of test-range operations. This paper reports on the adaptation of this system to permit ...

Thomas T. Warner; James F. Bowers; Scott P. Swerdlin; Brian A. Beitler

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

PNNL OS3700 Tritium Monitoring System Software and Hardware Operations Manual, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

The PNNL OS3700 Tritium Monitoring System Software and Hardware Operations Manual describes herein how to install and operate the software and hardware on a personal computer in conjunction with the Berthold LB110 flow-through proportional counter detector system. Included are operational details for the software functions, how to read and use the drop-down menus, how to understand readings and calculations, and how to access the database tables.

Barnett, J M.; Duchsherer, Cheryl J.; Sisk, Daniel R.; Carrell, Dorothy M.; Douglas, David D.; Carter, Gregory L.

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Automated Monitoring Functions for Improved Power System Operation and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of data collected in substations of an electric power system. The new functions are first defined and architecture of the integrated substation application is proposed. Database and user interfacing needs are also benefits to be drawn from the concept of substation data integration and information exchange. I

Kezunovic, Mladen

282

Automated monitoring functions for improved power system operation and control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

collected in substations of an electric power system can be developed. The new functions are first defined and architecture of the integrated substation solution is proposed. Database and user interfacing needs are also benefits to be drawn from the concept of substation data integration and information exchange. I

283

The Exokernel Operating System Architecture Dawson R. Engler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, CA, USA) and mixing electronics (MFC-4, Sable Systems). The stream (25 or 50·ml·STPD·min­1 pressure Radial profiles of PO inside eggs were obtained using a Clark-style O2 microelectrode with guard

284

Fault tree analysis and fuzzy expert systems: Early warning and emergency response of landfill operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we argue that Early Warning Systems for engineering facilities can be developed by combining and integrating existing technologies and theories. As example, we present an efficient integration of fuzzy expert systems, fault tree analysis ... Keywords: Accidents, Early Warning System, Expert systems, Fault tree analysis, Fuzzy logic, Landfills, Operational problems, Possibility theory, Public Access to Environmental Information

I. M. Dokas; D. A. Karras; D. C. Panagiotakopoulos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

System and apparatus for monitoring or controlling secondary battery operation  

SciTech Connect

The terminal current of a main secondary battery is continuously monitored throughout charging and discharging by a system having a monitor cell, such as a metal gas battery, and having circuitry for conforming monitor cell terminal current in sense, and proportionally in magnitude, to the main battery terminal current. Apparatus responsive to the monitor cell state of charge may provide sensible output indication of main battery state of charge or control charging/discharging of the main battery.

Klein, M.G.

1980-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

286

Battery test facility hardware, software, and system operation  

SciTech Connect

Division 2525 Battery Test Laboratory is a fully automated battery testing facility used in evaluating various battery technologies. The results of these tests are used to verify developers` claims, characterize prototypes, and assist in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each technology. The Test Facility consists of a central computer and nine remote computer controlled battery test systems. Data acquired during the battery testing process is sent to the central computer system. The test data is then stored in a large database for future analysis. The central computer system is also used in configuring battery tests. These test configurations are then sent to their appropriate remote battery test sites. The Battery Test Facility can perform a variety of battery tests, which include the following: Life Cycle Testing; Parametric Testing at various temperature levels, cutoff parameters, charge rates, and discharge rates; Constant Power Testing at various power levels; Peak Power Testing at various State-of-Charge levels; Simplified Federal Urban Driving Schedule Tests (SFUDS79). The Battery Test Facility is capable of charging a battery either by constant current, constant voltage, step current levels, or any combination of them. Discharge cycles can be by constant current, constant resistance, constant power, step current levels, or also any combination of them. The Battery Test Facility has been configured to provide the flexibility to evaluate a large variety of battery technologies. These technologies include Lead-Acid, Sodium/Sulfur, Zinc/Bromine, Nickel/Hydrogen, Aluminum/Air, and Nickel/Cadmium batteries.

Rodriguez, G.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Battery test facility hardware, software, and system operation  

SciTech Connect

Division 2525 Battery Test Laboratory is a fully automated battery testing facility used in evaluating various battery technologies. The results of these tests are used to verify developers' claims, characterize prototypes, and assist in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each technology. The Test Facility consists of a central computer and nine remote computer controlled battery test systems. Data acquired during the battery testing process is sent to the central computer system. The test data is then stored in a large database for future analysis. The central computer system is also used in configuring battery tests. These test configurations are then sent to their appropriate remote battery test sites. The Battery Test Facility can perform a variety of battery tests, which include the following: Life Cycle Testing; Parametric Testing at various temperature levels, cutoff parameters, charge rates, and discharge rates; Constant Power Testing at various power levels; Peak Power Testing at various State-of-Charge levels; Simplified Federal Urban Driving Schedule Tests (SFUDS79). The Battery Test Facility is capable of charging a battery either by constant current, constant voltage, step current levels, or any combination of them. Discharge cycles can be by constant current, constant resistance, constant power, step current levels, or also any combination of them. The Battery Test Facility has been configured to provide the flexibility to evaluate a large variety of battery technologies. These technologies include Lead-Acid, Sodium/Sulfur, Zinc/Bromine, Nickel/Hydrogen, Aluminum/Air, and Nickel/Cadmium batteries.

Rodriguez, G.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Daily/Hourly Hydrosystem Operation : How the Columbia River System Responds to Short-Term Needs.  

SciTech Connect

The System Operation Review, being conducted by the Bonneville Power Administration, the US Army Corps of Engineers, and the US Bureau of Reclamation, is analyzing current and potential future operations of the Columbia River System. One goal of the System Operations Review is to develop a new System Operation Strategy. The strategy will be designed to balance the many regionally and nationally important uses of the Columbia River system. Short-term operations address the dynamics that affect the Northwest hydro system and its multiple uses. Demands for electrical power and natural streamflows change constantly and thus are not precisely predictable. Other uses of the hydro system have constantly changing needs, too, many of which can interfere with other uses. Project operators must address various river needs, physical limitations, weather, and streamflow conditions while maintaining the stability of the electric system and keeping your lights on. It takes staffing around the clock to manage the hour-to-hour changes that occur and the challenges that face project operators all the time.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Hydrogen and Oxygen Gas Monitoring System Design and Operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes pertinent design practices of selecting types of monitors, monitor unit placement, setpoint selection, and maintenance considerations for gas monitors. While hydrogen gas monitors and enriched oxygen atmosphere monitors as they would be needed for hydrogen production experiments are the primary focus of this paper, monitors for carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are also discussed. The experiences of designing, installing, and calibrating gas monitors for a laboratory where experiments in support of the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI) are described along with codes, standards, and regulations for these monitors. Information from the literature about best operating practices is also presented. The NHI program has two types of activities. The first, near-term activity is laboratory and pilot-plant experimentation with different processes in the kilogram per day scale to select the most promising types of processes for future applications of hydrogen production. Prudent design calls for indoor gas monitors to sense any hydrogen leaks within these laboratory rooms. The second, longer-term activity is the prototype, or large-scale plants to produce tons of hydrogen per day. These large, outdoor production plants will require area (or “fencepost”) monitoring of hydrogen gas leaks. Some processes will have oxygen production with hydrogen production, and any oxygen releases are also safety concerns since oxygen gas is the strongest oxidizer. Monitoring of these gases is important for personnel safety of both indoor and outdoor experiments. There is some guidance available about proper placement of monitors. The fixed point, stationary monitor can only function if the intruding gas contacts the monitor. Therefore, monitor placement is vital to proper monitoring of the room or area. Factors in sensor location selection include: indoor or outdoor site, the location and nature of potential vapor/gas sources, chemical and physical data of the gases or vapors, liquids with volatility need sensors near the potential sources of release, nature and concentration of gas releases, natural and mechanical ventilation, detector installation locations not vulnerable to mechanical or water damage from normal operations, and locations that lend themselves to convenient maintenance and calibration. The guidance also states that sensors should be located in all areas where hazardous accumulations of gas may occur. Such areas might not be close to release points but might be areas with restricted air movement. Heavier than air gases are likely to accumulate in pits, trenches, drains, and other low areas. Lighter than air gases are more likely to accumulate in overhead spaces, above drop ceilings, etc. In general, sensors should be located close to any potential sources of major release of gas. The paper gives data on monitor sensitivity and expected lifetimes to support the monitor selection process. Proper selection of indoor and outdoor locations for monitors is described, accounting for the vapor densities of hydrogen and oxygen. The latest information on monitor alarm setpoint selection is presented. Typically, monitors require recalibration at least every six months, or more frequently for inhospitable locations, so ready access to the monitors is an important issue to consider in monitor siting. Gas monitors, depending on their type, can be susceptible to blockages of the detector element (i.e., dus

Lee C. Cadwallader; Kevin G. DeWall; J. Stephen Herring

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

30-MJ SMES system operating experience: November 1982-June 1983  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes performance measurements on the dewar, coil, and cryogenic system for the 30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit that has recently been tested at a Bonneville Power Administration substation in Tacoma, Washington. The cryostat, the world's largest fiber-reinforced plastic, open-mouthed dewar, boils off 12 l/h in accordance with previous calculations. Cyclic losses in the coil, 54 W for +-8.4-MW modulation at 1 Hz, are approximately 50% greater than calculated. Refrigerator capacity is adequate to handle the heat produced by the average modulation demand on the coil.

Schermer, R.I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

30-MJ SMES system operating experience: November 1982-June 1983  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes performance measurements on the dewar, coil, and cryogenic system for the 30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit that has recently been tested at a Bonneville Power Administration substation in Tacoma, Washington. The cryostat, the world's largest fiber-reinforced plastic, open-mouthed dewar, boils off 12 l/h in accordance with previous calculations. Cyclic losses in the coil, 54 W for +-8.4-MW modulation at 1 Hz, are approximately 50% greater than calculated. Refrigerator capacity is adequate to handle the heat produced by the average modulation demand on the coil.

Schermer, R.I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Light Emitting Diode (LED) fiducial system: Setup and operation  

SciTech Connect

Streak cameras, either electronic or rotating mirror, are common diagnostic tools used to explore very fast phenomena. Often they are used to precisely time events or durations, and in most cases, it is important to have quality time marks on the film record. Many methods have been used to introduce time marks onto the film. Exploding bridge wires are frequently used, but they light up slowly and are difficult to read with consistent accuracy. It is also difficult to put more than a few bridge wires in the view of a camera slit, so there are only a few timing marks written to the film. In some cases the time scale on the film must be interpolated over long distances, creating a significant loss of accuracy. Interpolation is especially troublesome with those cameras that have a nonlinear sweep rate. Spark gaps located on the camera slit turn on a bit faster, but suffer from the same interpolation induced errors. A series of short duration laser pulses, accurately timed and introduced along the edges of the film, is a very fine solution. The problem with such a laser fiducial system is that the lasers are very expensive and difficult to maintain. There has been a need for many years for an inexpensive, very bright light source that can be repetitively pulsed accurately and with short duration. Various technologies have sufficiently developed over the past few years, allowing us to build a fiducial system based on light emitting diodes (LED) for the Cordin rotating mirror streak cameras.

Muelder, S.A.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Operation of a bushing melter system designed for actinide vitrification  

SciTech Connect

The Westinghouse Savannah River Company is developing a melter system to vitrify actinide materials. The melter system will used to vitrify the americium and curium solution which is currently stored in one of the Savannah River Site`s (SRS) processing canyons. This solution is one of the materials designated by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) to be dispositioned as part of the DNFSB recommendation 94-1. The Am/Cm solution contains an extremely large fraction (>2 kilograms of Cm and 10 kilograms of Am) of t he United States`s total inventory of both elements. They have an estimated value on the order of one billion dollars - if they are processed through the DOE Isotope Sales program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It is therefore deemed highly desirable to transfer the material to Oak Ridge in a form which can allow for recovery of the material. A commercial glass composition has been demonstrated to be compatible with up to 40 weight percent of the Am/Cm solution contents. This glass is also selectively attacked by nitric acid. This allows the actinide to be recovered by common separation processes.

Ramsey, W.G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigating Operating System Noise in Extreme-Scale High-Performance Computing Systems using Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Hardware/software co-design for future-generation high-performance computing (HPC) systems aims at closing the gap between the peak capabilities of the hardware and the performance realized by applications (application-architecture performance gap). Performance profiling of architectures and applications is a crucial part of this iterative process. The work in this paper focuses on operating system (OS) noise as an additional factor to be considered for co-design. It represents the first step in including OS noise in HPC hardware/software co-design by adding a noise injection feature to an existing simulation-based co-design toolkit. It reuses an existing abstraction for OS noise with frequency (periodic recurrence) and period (duration of each occurrence) to enhance the processor model of the Extreme-scale Simulator (xSim) with synchronized and random OS noise simulation. The results demonstrate this capability by evaluating the impact of OS noise on MPI_Bcast() and MPI_Reduce() in a simulated future-generation HPC system with 2,097,152 compute nodes.

Engelmann, Christian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Engineering task plan for standard hydrogen monitoring system operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tanks that are known or suspected to retain and occasionally release flammable gases are equipped with Standard Hydrogen Monitoring System (SHMS) cabinets. These cabinets contain Whittaker{trademark} electrochemical cells and may also have a gas chromatograph (GC) and/or a Bruel and Kjaer infrared photo-acoustic multi-gas monitor (B and K). The GC and B and K will be referred to collectively as ''analytical instruments'' in this document. Using these instruments, a tank can be monitored for hydrogen, ammonia, methane, and nitrous oxide. Air from the tank vent header (for actively ventilated tanks) or dome space (for passively ventilated tanks) is drawn continuously through the monitoring instruments via a sample pump. This monitoring is performed to track the gas release behavior of selected waste storage tanks and to help identify any potentially serious gas release behavior. Vapor grab samples are obtained from the SHMS as well and are analyzed with a mass spectrometer to obtain concentration data about hydrogen and other gases.

MCCAIN, D.J.

1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

296

Surveillance Guide - CMS 3.3 Verification of System Configuration and Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VERIFICATION OF SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND OPERATIONS VERIFICATION OF SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND OPERATIONS 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that the facility's configuration and operations are consistent with facility design basis documentation. These surveillance activities provide a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's program for implementing design basis requirements and for ensuring compliance with DOE requirements. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 4700.1, Project Management System 2.2 DOE 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities 2.3 DOE 5480.23, Safety Analysis Reports 2.4 DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to implement requirements CM-0009

297

PNNL OS3300 Alpha/Beta Monitoring System Software and Hardware Operations Manual, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) OS3300 Alpha/Beta Monitoring System Software and Hardware Operations Manual describes how to install and operate the software and hardware on a personal computer in conjunction with the EG&G Berthold LB150D continuous air monitor. Included are operational details for the software functions, how to read and use the drop-down menus, how to understand readings and calculations, and how to access the database tables.

Barnett, J. M.; Duchsherer, Cheryl J.; Sisk, Daniel R.; Carter, Gregory L.; Douglas, David D.; Carrell, Dorothy M.

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

298

Digital protection systems response to sequence and phase components in non sinusoidal operation conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional open literature about protection systems documents the use of residual currents or voltages (zero sequence components) and negative sequence components of currents or voltages to detect and protect the different power system elements against ... Keywords: digital protection systems, harmonic distortion, negative sequence, non sinusoidal operation, phase components, zero sequence

F. Martínez-Cárdenas; A. Medina

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Study of Solar Desalination System with Falling Film Evaporation and Its Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seawater desalination system with falling film evaporation was set up, which was driven by solar-wind energy. In addition, the basic principles of system operation were expounded?and the main factors affecting the system performance were discussed. ... Keywords: Seawater desalination, Solar energy, Falling film evaporation

Chen Zhi-li; He Qiang; Zheng Hong-fei; Long Xiang-yu; Wang Wen-biao; Zhuang Chun-long; Yi Qi-zhen

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Integrated Chiller System Reduce Building Operation and Maintenance Costs in Cold Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although water-cooled chillers are more energy efficient than air-cooled chillers, a majority of chilled water systems use air-cooled chillers. In cold weather climates, air-cooled chillers are capable of functioning in low ambient temperatures with few operational concerns, where as water-cooled chiller systems must be equipped to prevent cooling tower freezing. The integrated chiller system attempts to take advantage of each chiller's strengths and eliminate any cold weather operational concerns. An integrated chiller system includes a cooling tower and air-cooled condenser. During the summer, both the cooling tower and air condenser can be operated. In cold weather, the cooling tower is drained and the air condenser is used to dissipate the heat of the cooling system. The integrated chiller system eliminates the water storage tank and frequent charging and discharging of the cooling tower system. It reduces the size of the mechanical room and simplifies the operation of the system. The integrated chiller system is most suitable in climates where the mechanical cooling is required on a short-term basis during cold weather periods. This paper presents the system configuration, system design, optimal control, and energy impact. An example is used to demonstrate the design concepts of the integrated chiller systems.

Sheets, N.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Verification of EPRI's Nuclear Power Plant Emergency Operating Procedure Tracking System (EOPTS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's emergency operating procedure tracking system (EOPTS) for BWRs was created to reduce reactor operator load and human error under nuclear power plant emergency conditions. This report describes a method for systematically verifying EOPTS. This method can help other utilities in verifying their EOPTS.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Development, implementation, and skill assessment of the NOAA/NOS Great Lakes Operational Forecast System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development, implementation, and skill assessment of the NOAA/NOS Great Lakes Operational Forecast Lakes Operational Forecast System (GLOFS) uses near-real-time atmospheric observa- tions and numerical weather prediction forecast guidance to produce three-dimensional forecasts of water temperature

303

Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid metering. This study reports on the latter work. Index Terms--Restructured power markets, smart grid

Tesfatsion, Leigh

304

New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Country United States Headquarters Location Rensselaer, New York Recovery Act Funding $37,382,908.00 Total Project Value $75,710,735.00 Coverage Area Coverage Map: New York Independent System Operator, Inc. Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.6425794°, -73.742898° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

305

Changes to the 1995 NCEP Operational Medium-Range Forecast Model Analysis–Forecast System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes in the operational National Centers for Environmental Prediction (formerly the National Meteorological Center) global analysis–forecast system are described. The most significant analysis change was the direct use of satellite-...

Peter Caplan; John Derber; William Gemmill; Song-You Hong; Hua-Lu Pan; David Parrish

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Assimilation of Synthetic Tropical Cyclone Observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In June 1990, the assimilation of synthetic tropical cyclone observations into the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) was initiated at Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (FNOC). These observations are derived directly ...

James S. Goerss; Richard A. Jeffries

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Extending safety assessment methods for remotely piloted aircraft operations in the national airspace system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remotely Piloted Aircraft operations are growing rapidly in the United States specifically for the Department of Defense to achieve training needs. To ensure the safety of the National Airspace System is maintained to a ...

Horrell, Alexander C. (Alexander Chapman)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Inter-Operator Feedback in Data Stream Management Systems via Punctuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

query plan parameters based on collected statistics--a performance-improving feedback loop [3]. CEDR is a data stream and event processing system under development at Microsoft Research. CEDR's operators

Bertini, Robert L.

309

Reactive and voltage monitoring: The challenge for the system operators in the 1980's  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to gain perspective on the monitoring program for PJM, background relative to the physical characteristics and operating philosophy of the pool is offered. PJM is comprised of 11 electric utilities serving approximately 48,700 square miles, encompassing about 75% of Penna, 97% of N.J., all of Del and the District of Columbia, 60% of Md, and 1% of Va. The generating capability is comprised of 532 units at 116 generating stations, and totals approximately 45,000 MW. The PJM system peak load for 1980 was 34,420 MW. PJM has 27 tie lines with its neighboring systems. Although comprised of 11 utilities, the PJM system is operated as if it were a single company. Reasons for the PJM real-time monitoring system are presented and relevant details are discussed. Topics considered include operating criteria. Reactive and Voltage Monitoring, Current Operating Restrictions off-line analysis, and future requirements are discussed.

Willson, J.D.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A systems engineering process supporting the development of operational requirements driven federations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a systems engineering process utilizing the conceptual artifacts of the Model Driven Architecture (MDA) describing platform independent views of models to capture operational requirements, to derive essential tasks, and to combine ...

Andreas Tolk; Thomas G. Litwin; Robert H. Kewley

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Incorporating operational flexibility into electric generation planning : impacts and methods for system design and policy analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation demonstrates how flexibility in hourly electricity operations can impact long-term planning and analysis for future power systems, particularly those with substantial variable renewables (e.g., wind) or ...

Palmintier, Bryan S. (Bryan Stephen)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Dynamical Properties of MOS Forecasts: Analysis of the ECMWF Operational Forecasting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical properties of ECMWF operational forecasts corrected by a (linear) model output statistics (MOS) technique are investigated, in light of the analysis performed in the context of low-order chaotic systems. Based on the latter work, ...

S. Vannitsem

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Computing the Atmospheric Absorption for the DMSP Operational Linescan System Infrared Channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate and rapid means is presented for computing the atmospheric absorption for the infrared channel (10.2–12.7 ?m) on the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program operational linescan system (OLS) for use in remote sensing studies of ...

Thomas J. Greenwald; Charles J. Drummond

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Technology, Design, and Operation of an Autonomous Buoy System in the Western English Channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A buoy system has been developed to continually monitor the operationally demanding coastal and open-shelf environment of the western English Channel. The buoys measure a range of physical and biogeochemical parameters on an hourly basis at two ...

T. J. Smyth; J. R. Fishwick; C. P. Gallienne; J. A. Stephens; A. J. Bale

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

National Geoscience Data Repository System -- Phase III: Implementation and Operation of the Repository  

SciTech Connect

The National Geoscience Data Repository System, Phase III was an operational project focused on coordinating and facilitating transfers of at-risk geoscience data from the private sector to the public domain.

Keane, Christopher M.

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

316

Lunar landing : dynamic operator interaction with multi-modal automation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability of operators to "gracefully transition" (maintaining control and awareness of the system without excessive workload or decrements in flight performance) between levels of automation (LOA) in several case studies ...

Hainley, Christopher James, Jr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Life Cycle cost Analysis of Waste Heat Operated Absorption Cooling Systems for Building HVAC Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) of waste heat operated vapour absorption air conditioning system (VARS) incorporated in a building cogeneration system is presented and discussed. The life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) based on present worth cost (PWC) method, which covers the initial costs, operating costs, maintenance costs, replacement costs and salvage values is the useful tool to merit various cooling and power generation systems for building applications. A life cycle of 23 years was used to calculate the PWC of the system for annual operating hours of 8760 and the same is compared with the electric based vapour compression chiller (VCRS) of same capacity. The life cycle cost (LCC) of waste heat operated absorption chiller is estimated to be US $ 1.5 million which is about 71.5 % low compared to electric powered conventional vapour compression chiller. From the analysis it was found that the initial cost of VARS system was 125 % higher than that of VCRS, while the PWC of operating cost of VARS was 78.2 % lower compared to VCRS. The result shows that the waste heat operated VARS would be preferable from the view point of operating cost and green house gas emission reduction.

Saravanan, R.; Murugavel, V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A solid oxide fuel cell power system: 1992--1993 field operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Westinghouse has deployed fully integrated, automatically controlled, packaged solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power generation systems in order to obtain useful customer feedback. Recently, Westinghouse has deployed 20 kW class natural gas fueled SOFC generator modules integrated into two 25 kW SOFC systems, the first with The UTILITIES, a Japanese consortium. The UTILITIES 25 kW SOFC system is the focus of this paper. The unit was shipped to the Rokko Island Test Center for Advanced Energy Systems (near Kobe, Japan) operated by Kansai Electric Power Co.; testing was initiated February 1992. Module A operated for 2601 hours at an ave output 16.6 kW dc; final shutdown was induced by current stability problems with dissipator (restart not possible because of damaged cells). Module B operated for 1579 hours at ave output 17.8 kWdc. The unit was damaged by operation at excessively high fuel utilization > 91%. It was rebuilt and returned to Rokko Island. This module B2 operated for 1843 hours on PNG; shutdown was cuased by air supply failure. After a new blower and motor were installed July 1993, the system was restarted August 5, 1993 and operated continuously until November 10, 1993, when an automatic shutdown was induced as part of a MITI licensing inspection. After restart, the unit passed 6000 hours of operation on desulfurized PNG on January 25, 1994. Westinghouse`s future plans are outlined.

Veyo, S.E. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Science and Technology Center; Kusunoki, A.; Takeuchi, S. [Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Osaka (Japan); Kaneko, S. [Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. (Japan); Yokoyama, H. [Osaka Gas Co. Ltd. (Japan)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Independent transmission system operators and their role in maintaining reliability in a restructured electric power industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the current status of proposals to form Independent System Operators (ISOs) to operate high-voltage transmission systems in the United States and reviews their potential role in maintaining bulk power system reliability. As background information, the likely new industry structure, nature of deregulated markets, and institutional framework for bulk power system reliability are reviewed. The report identifies issues related to the formation of ISOs and their roles in markets and in reliability, and describes potential policy directions for encouraging the formation of effective ISOs and ensuring bulk system reliability. Two appendices are provided, which address: (1) system operation arrangements in other countries, and (2) summaries of regional U.S. ISO proposals.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

CBE Portable Wireless Monitoring System (PWMS): UFAD Systems Commissioning Cart Design Specifications and Operating Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is now 0. 7. Click the green Exit button on the left side tobutton is pressed, mote lights operate as follows in there three possible operating states Live – Green

Webster, Tom; Bauman, Fred; Anwar, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Main Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The System Operation Review (SOR) Final EIS addresses four actions: (a) need to develop coordinated strategy for managing the multiple uses of the Federal Columbia River system (System Operating Strategy [SOS]); (b) need to provide interested parties other than management agencies with a long-term role in system planning (Forum); (c) need to renew or change current Canadian Entitlement Allocation Agreements (CEAA); and (d) need to renegotiate and renew the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). SOS alternatives analyzed are: (1) operation prior to Endangered Species Act listings of salmon stocks; (2) current operations (no action); (3) stable storage project operation; (4) natural river operation; (5) fixed drawdown; (6) operating strategies proposed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, State fisheries agencies, Native American tribes, and Federal operating agencies; and (7) Preferred Alternative. The seven Forum alternatives analyzed are: (1) decisionmaking by the SOR lead agencies (preferred alternative); (2) decisionmaking by SOR lead agencies and recommendations by an existing regional entity; (3) decisionmaking by SOR lead agencies and recommendations by a new regional entity; (4) decisionmaking by a Federal consultation forum; (5) decisionmaking by a new entity; (6) decisionmaking by one Federal operating agency; (7) decisionmaking by a Federal agency other than an operating agency. PNCA alternatives analyzed are: (1) no replacement contract; (2) contract to maximize regional power benefits; (3) roll over existing PNCA; (4) current PNCA with modified operating procedures (preferred alternative); (5) current PNCA with nonpower modifications. CEAA alternatives include: (1) no action (no replacement of current allocation agreements); (2) entitlement allocation: 55 percent Federal; 45 percent non-Federal; (3) entitlement allocation: 70 percent Federal, 30 percent non-Federal (preferred alternative); (4) no agreement.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.); United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. North Pacific Division; United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Pacific Northwest Region.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Remedial System Performance Improvement for the 200-ZP-1_PW-1 Operable Units at Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Operations Review Report: Feasibility Study Strategies and Remedial System Performance Improvement for the 200- ZP-1/PW-1 Operable Units at Hanford Prepared for Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation Office of Environmental Management February 9, 2007 i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, Headquarters' Office of Environmental Management, the Office of Groundwater and Soil Remediation (EM-22), performed a Remediation System Evaluation (RSE) of the 200-ZP-1/PW-1 groundwater pump and treat (P&T) system, as well as the vadose zone Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE) system at the Hanford

323

Initial operating experience of the 12-MW La Ola photovoltaic system.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 1.2-MW La Ola photovoltaic (PV) power plant in Lanai, Hawaii, has been in operation since December 2009. The host system is a small island microgrid with peak load of 5 MW. Simulations conducted as part of the interconnection study concluded that unmitigated PV output ramps had the potential to negatively affect system frequency. Based on that study, the PV system was initially allowed to operate with output power limited to 50% of nameplate to reduce the potential for frequency instability due to PV variability. Based on the analysis of historical voltage, frequency, and power output data at 50% output level, the PV system has not significantly affected grid performance. However, it should be noted that the impact of PV variability on active and reactive power output of the nearby diesel generators was not evaluated. In summer 2011, an energy storage system was installed to counteract high ramp rates and allow the PV system to operate at rated output. The energy storage system was not fully operational at the time this report was written; therefore, analysis results do not address system performance with the battery system in place.

Ellis, Abraham; Lenox, Carl (SunPower Corporation, Richmond, CA); Johnson, Jay; Quiroz, Jimmy Edward; Schenkman, Benjamin L.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Multi-unit Operations in Non-Nuclear Systems: Lessons Learned for Small Modular Reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear-power community has reached the stage of proposing advanced reactor designs to support power generation for decades to come. Small modular reactors (SMRs) are one approach to meet these energy needs. While the power output of individual reactor modules is relatively small, they can be grouped to produce reactor sites with different outputs. Also, they can be designed to generate hydrogen, or to process heat. Many characteristics of SMRs are quite different from those of current plants and may be operated quite differently. One difference is that multiple units may be operated by a single crew (or a single operator) from one control room. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is examining the human factors engineering (HFE) aspects of SMRs to support licensing reviews. While we reviewed information on SMR designs to obtain information, the designs are not completed and all of the design and operational information is not yet available. Nor is there information on multi-unit operations as envisioned for SMRs available in operating experience. Thus, to gain a better understanding of multi-unit operations we sought the lesson learned from non-nuclear systems that have experience in multi-unit operations, specifically refineries, unmanned aerial vehicles and tele-intensive care units. In this paper we report the lessons learned from these systems and the implications for SMRs.

OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.; DAgostino, A.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

325

Optimal operational strategy for hybrid renewable energy system using genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-grid settlements require efficient, reliable and cost-effective renewable energy as alternative to the power supplied by diesel generator. Techno-economic analysis is required to find the optimum renewable energy system in the long run. This paper ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, hybrid system, operation strategy, optimization, renewable energy

Juhari Ab. Razak; Kamaruzzaman Sopian; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah; Azami Zaharim; Yusoff Ali

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Transportation Services Fueling Operation Transportation Services has installed a software system that will facilitate fueling of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Services Fueling Operation Transportation Services has installed a software system into this system. All University vehicles that wish to fuel at UH M noa Transportation Services will be required the application below and submit your application to Transportation Services before attempting to fuel your

327

Identification of chiller model in HVAC system using fuzzy inference rules with Zadeh's implication operator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, chiller is the central part and one of the primary energy consumers. For the purpose of saving energy, the identification of the chiller model is of great significance. In this paper, based ... Keywords: chiller, fuzzy inference system, implication operator, improved genetic algorithm

Yukui Zhang; Shiji Song; Cheng Wu; Kang Li

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Study of Operating Control Strategies for Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System with Supplemental Cooling Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground source heat pump for cooling-dominated commercial buildings may utilize supplemental cooling towers to reduce system first cost and to improve system performance. The use of hybrid ground source heat pump (HGSP) can reduce the size of the ground-loop ... Keywords: hybrid ground source heat pump, supplement heat rejection, control strategies, operating performance

Wang Jinggang; Gao Xiaoxia; Yin Zhenjiang; Li Fang

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Optimal operational strategy for hybrid renewable energy system using genetic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-grid settlements require efficient, reliable and cost-effective renewable energy as alternative to the power supplied by diesel generator. Techno-economic analysis is required to find the optimum renewable energy system in the long run. This paper ... Keywords: genetic algorithms, hybrid system, operation strategy, optimization, renewable energy

Kamaruzzaman Sopian; Azami Zaharim; Yusoff Ali; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah; Juhari Ab. Razak; Nor Salim Muhammad

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Main Report Exhibits.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Volume is a part of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Columbia River System. This volume contains technical exhibits of cultural resources and commentary on the (System Operation Review) SOR process. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation comment is the majority of the material in the volume, in the Consultation Plan, Identification of trust resources; Criteria for the selection of a System Operating Strategy; comment on rights protection and implementation of Federal Trust responsibility; analysis of the draft EIS. Comment by other Native American Tribes and groups is also included: Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation; Kootenai Tribe of Idaho; Spokane Tribe of Indians; Coeur d` Alene tribe.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The ISR Argus 500 system - control of the beam transfer power supplies by the Argus 500 computer operators manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ISR Argus 500 system - control of the beam transfer power supplies by the Argus 500 computer operators manual

Kemp, D

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Selection of the most advantageous gas turbine air filtration system: Comparative study of actual operating experience  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses relative merits of three types of air filtration systems used by Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Ltd. (Pakistan), on its gas turbine compressor packages. These Filtration systems are: (i) Two stage inertial plus auto oil bath type multi-duty filters by AAF used on Saturn Mark-1 packages manufactured by Solar Turbines Inc. (ii) Three stage high efficiency barrier filters by AAF used on Centaur packages by Solar. (iii) Single stage pulse-jet self-cleaning filter by Donaldson again used on a Centaur package. The selection is primarily based in package performance data collected over a 15 month period analyzing power loss due to fouling effects and related operation and maintenance costs for the three systems. The Company's operating experience indicates that on new installations the pulse clean system offers the best advantage both in terms of filtration costs as well as availability of additional horse power when operating under moderate to severe environmental conditions.

Gilani, S.I.; Mehr, M.Z.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

OPTIMAL DESIGN AND OPERATION OF HELIUM REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS USING THE GANNI CYCLE  

SciTech Connect

The constant pressure ratio process, as implemented in the floating pressure - Ganni cycle, is a new variation to prior cryogenic refrigeration and liquefaction cycle designs that allows for optimal operation and design of helium refrigeration systems. This cycle is based upon the traditional equipment used for helium refrigeration system designs, i.e., constant volume displacement compression and critical flow expansion devices. It takes advantage of the fact that for a given load, the expander sets the compressor discharge pressure and the compressor sets its own suction pressure. This cycle not only provides an essentially constant system Carnot efficiency over a wide load range, but invalidates the traditional philosophy that the (‘TS’) design condition is the optimal operating condition for a given load using the as-built hardware. As such, the Floating Pressure- Ganni Cycle is a solution to reduce the energy consumption while increasing the reliability, flexibility and stability of these systems over a wide operating range and different operating modes and is applicable to most of the existing plants. This paper explains the basic theory behind this cycle operation and contrasts it to the traditional operational philosophies presently used.

Venkatarao Ganni, Peter Knudsen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A profiling method by PCB hooking and its application for memory fault detection in embedded system operational test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context: An operational test means a system test that examines whether or not all software or hardware components comply with the requirements given to a system which is deployed in an operational environment. Objective: It is a necessary lightweight-profiling ... Keywords: Embedded software, Embedded system, Operational test, PCB hooking, Profiling method, Runtime memory fault

Jooyoung Seo; Byoungju Choi; Suengwan Yang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Method and apparatus to predict the remaining service life of an operating system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and computer-based apparatus for monitoring the degradation of, predicting the remaining service life of, and/or planning maintenance for, an operating system are disclosed. Diagnostic information on degradation of the operating system is obtained through measurement of one or more performance characteristics by one or more sensors onboard and/or proximate the operating system. Though not required, it is preferred that the sensor data are validated to improve the accuracy and reliability of the service life predictions. The condition or degree of degradation of the operating system is presented to a user by way of one or more calculated, numeric degradation figures of merit that are trended against one or more independent variables using one or more mathematical techniques. Furthermore, more than one trendline and uncertainty interval may be generated for a given degradation figure of merit/independent variable data set. The trendline(s) and uncertainty interval(s) are subsequently compared to one or more degradation figure of merit thresholds to predict the remaining service life of the operating system. The present invention enables multiple mathematical approaches in determining which trendline(s) to use to provide the best estimate of the remaining service life.

Greitzer, Frank L. (Richland, WA); Kangas, Lars J. (West Richland, WA); Terrones, Kristine M. (Los Alamos, NM); Maynard, Melody A. (Richland, WA); Pawlowski, Ronald A. (West Richland, WA), Ferryman; Thomas A. (Richland, WA); Skorpik, James R. (Kennewick, WA); Wilson, Bary W. (Coconut Creek, FL)

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

337

Installation and Initial Operation of an On-line Target Imaging System for SNS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After several years of operation, the SNS now enters an era of megawatt class operation. At this intensity level, the target will be operating closer to its engineering limits and the beam profile on target must be carefully controlled. During commissioning and early operations, a temporary imaging system was used to measure the proton density on target. This system was not designed to survive the increasing power levels and it had to be removed in the second half of 2006. Since then, no direct measurement of beam properties at the target has been available. A collaboration was forged to remedy this situation, and has resulted in a new imaging system consisting of three major components: a thermal-sprayed luminescent coating deposited on the target nose, a radiation-tolerant optical system installed upstream of the target, and an image acquisition system integrated with the accelerator controls network. The design, installation, and integration of these components will be described. Initial beam measurements and image analysis results will be presented. Lessons learned during this initial operating experience have been documented and will guide the collaboration s future plans.

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Banke, Glenn [Stony Brook University (SUNY); Blokland, Willem [ORNL; Brunson, Aly [ORNL; Dayton, Michael J [ORNL; Goetz, Kathleen C [ORNL; Janney, Jim G [ORNL; Lance, Michael J [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL; Montgomery, Fred C [ORNL; Rosenblad, Peter M [ORNL; Sampath, Sanjay [Stony Brook University (SUNY); Simpson, Marc Livingstone [ORNL; Shea, Thomas J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Geothermal Heat Pump Systems in Schools: Construction, Maintenance and Operating Costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geothermal heat pumping and cooling systems are still not widely used to heat and cool buildings. They are an unknown to most architects and engineers. The electric utility industry has recognized them as being a very energy-efficient way to heat and cool buildings using electricity. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has assisted in design and installation of many geothermal systems, particularly in school buildings. With a number of geothermal heat pump systems in schools in operation in the TVA regi...

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

339

Operating experience feedback report -- turbine-generator overspeed protection systems: Commercial power reactors. Volume 11  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) review of operating experience of main turbine-generator overspeed and overspeed protection systems. It includes an indepth examination of the turbine overspeed event which occurred on November 9, 1991, at the Salem Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant. It also provides information concerning actions taken by other utilities and the turbine manufacturers as a result of the Salem overspeed event. AEOD`s study reviewed operating procedures and plant practices. It noted differences between turbine manufacturer designs and recommendations for operations, maintenance, and testing, and also identified significant variations in the manner that individual plants maintain and test their turbine overspeed protection systems. AEOD`s study provides insight into the shortcomings in the design, operation, maintenance, testing, and human factors associated with turbine overspeed protection systems. Operating experience indicates that the frequency of turbine overspeed events is higher than previously thought and that the bases for demonstrating compliance with NRC`s General Design Criterion (GDC) 4, Environmental and dynamic effects design bases, may be nonconservative with respect to the assumed frequency.

Ornstein, H.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A COMPUTER-ASSIST MATERIAL TRACKING SYSTEM AS A CRITICALITY SAFETY AID TO OPERATORS  

SciTech Connect

In today's compliant-driven environment, fissionable material handlers are inundated with work control rules and procedures in carrying out nuclear operations. Historically, human errors are one of the key contributors of various criticality accidents. Since moving and handling fissionable materials are key components of their job functions, any means that can be provided to assist operators in facilitating fissionable material moves will help improve operational efficiency and enhance criticality safety implementation. From the criticality safety perspective, operational issues have been encountered in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) plutonium operations. Those issues included lack of adequate historical record keeping for the fissionable material stored in containers, a need for a better way of accommodating operations in a research and development setting, and better means of helping material handlers in carrying out various criticality safety controls. Through the years, effective means were implemented including better work control process, standardized criticality control conditions (SCCC) and relocation of criticality safety engineers to the plutonium facility. Another important measure taken was to develop a computer data acquisition system for criticality safety assessment, which is the subject of this paper. The purpose of the Criticality Special Support System (CSSS) is to integrate many of the proven operational support protocols into a software system to assist operators with assessing compliance to procedures during the handling and movement of fissionable materials. Many nuclear facilities utilize mass cards or a computer program to track fissionable material mass data in operations. Additional item specific data such as, the presence of moderators or close fitting reflectors, could be helpful to fissionable material handlers in assessing compliance to SCCC's. Computer-assist checking of a workstation material inventory against the designated SCCC to enhance the material movement was also recognized. The following three additional functions of the CSSS were requested by operational personnel: additional record keeping, assisting room inventory Material at Risk (MAR) calculations and generating the material label to be placed on a storage can. In 1998, a preliminary CSSS concept was presented to all key stakeholders for the feasibility of such an application. Subsequently, the CSSS was developed with full participation of all stakeholders including fissionable material handlers. In 2003, five CSSS workstations were deployed in the plutonium facility for beta testing and resolving any issues from the field uses. Currently, the CSSS is deployed in all laboratories in the LLNL Plutonium Facility. Initial deployment consists of only a few of the full system functions described in this paper. Final deployment of all functions will take a few more years to assure the system meets quality assurance requirements of a safety significant system.

Claybourn, R V; Huang, S T

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Opportunities for sustainable design and operation of cleanspaces: A case study on minienvironment system performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to identify and pursue energy efficiency opportunities associated with cleanrooms, it is necessary to understand the design and operation of cleanroom systems for specific contamination control requirements. With the industrial trend toward more stringent cleanliness class and tightening clean spaces, it is vital to understand the design of minienvironment and the operational performance of its systems. A good understanding of such system performance would help to identify opportunities in efficient energy end-use and wise allocation of resources associated with processes or productions that require minienvironments and cleanrooms. This report summarizes a case study on energy performance of a common minienvironment used in semiconductor industry, and discusses the opportunities in saving energy, in particular, the opportunities in achieving efficient operation and design that entails applications of minienvironments.

Xu, Tengfang

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Initial results from the operation of village hybrid systems in Chile  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The government of Chile has undertaken a rural electrification program to electrify 75% of the population by the year 2000. Renewable energy is considered within this program, and its application facilitated through a technical cooperation agreement between Chile`s national energy commission (CNE) and the U.S. Department of Energy. In order to introduce isolated mini-grid hybrid wind-energy systems into Chile, three pilot projects were implemented in Region IX. The goal of the pilot systems is to establish renewables as a viable option for rural electrification in the Chilean context. In this paper we report on the first six months of three pilot projects. Presented as background information are brief descriptions of the power systems, data acquisition systems, and the operation and maintenance (O&M) protocols. Analyses of loads, component performance, system operation, and balance of payments for O&M are the primary points presented. Important lessons learned and future plans are also discussed.

Holz, R.; Baring-Gould, E.I.; Corbus, D. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

High speed hydraulically-actuated operating system for an electric circuit breaker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This hydraulically-actuated operating system comprises a cylinder, a piston movable therein in an opening direction to open a circuit breaker, and an accumulator for supplying pressurized liquid to a breaker-opening piston-actuating space within the cylinder. A normally-closed valve between the accumulator and the actuating space is openable to allow pressurized liquid from the accumulator to flow through the valve into the actuating space to drive the piston in an opening direction. A dashpotting mechanism operating separately from the hydraulic actuating system is provided, thereby reducing flow restriction interference with breaker opening.

Iman, Imdad (Colonie, NY)

1983-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

High speed hydraulically-actuated operating system for an electric circuit breaker  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This hydraulically-actuated operating system comprises a cylinder, a piston movable therein in an opening direction to open a circuit breaker, and an accumulator for supplying pressurized liquid to a breaker-opening piston-actuating space within the cylinder. A normally-closed valve between the accumulator and the actuating space is openable to allow pressurized liquid from the accumulator to flow through the valve into the actuating space to drive the piston in an opening direction. A dashpotting mechanism operating separately from the hydraulic actuating system is provided, thereby reducing flow restriction interference with breaker opening. 3 figs.

Iman, I.

1983-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

A Path to Operating System and Runtime Support for Extreme Scale Tools  

SciTech Connect

In this project, we cast distributed resource access as operations on files in a global name space and developed a common, scalable solution for group operations on distributed processes and files. The resulting solution enables tool and middleware developers to quickly create new scalable software or easily improve the scalability of existing software. The cornerstone of the project was the design of a new programming idiom called group file operations that eliminates iterative behavior when a single process must apply the same set of file operations to a group of related files. To demonstrate our novel and scalable ideas for group file operations and global name space composition, we developed a group file system called TBON-FS that leverages a tree-based overlay network (TBON), specifically MRNet, for logarithmic communication and distributed data aggregation. We also developed proc++, a new synthetic file system co-designed for use in scalable group file operations. Over the course of the project, we evaluated the utility and performance of group file operations, global name space composition, TBON-FS, and proc++ in three case studies. The first study focused on the ease in using group file operations and TBON-FS to quickly develop several new scalable tools for distributed system administration and monitoring. The second study evaluated the integration of group file operation and TBON-FS within the Ganglia Distributed Monitoring System to improve its scalability for clusters. The final study involved the integration of group file operations, TBON-FS, and proc++ within TotalView, the widely-used parallel debugger. For this project, the work of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) team occurred primarily in two directions: bringing the MRNet tree-based overlay network (TBON) implementation to the Cray XT platform, and investigating techniques for predicting the performance of MRNet topologies on such systems. Rogue Wave Software (RWS), formerly TotalView Technologies Inc., worked with the University ofWisconsin (UW) team on the design and prototyping of a scalable version of the TotalView debugger. RWS assisted UW with their "proc++" design effort. RWS assisted UW with strategy for integrating proc++ into TotalView.

Miller, Barton P.; Roth, Philip; DelSignore, John

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

346

Improving Building Control and System Operation Through the Continuous Commissioning® Process: A Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilization of the Continuous Commissioning® process is presented in the case of the Consolidated Mission Support Center office building at Travis Air Force Base in Travis, California. The CC® process was applied to the building in early 2003. The examination of the heating, ventilating, and airconditioning (HVAC) and control systems revealed several areas where considerable improvement could be made, including air handling unit (AHU) operational parameters, terminal box and water loop operation, and Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) functionality. It also aided in the identification of mechanical systems needing repair. The optimization of the HVAC systems and advanced utilization of the EMCS reduced the combined heating and cooling energy consumption by 26% without capital intensive upgrades. Cooling energy decreased by 10%, heating energy was cut by over 40%, and fan power decreased by 28%. A hidden benefit to the implementation of the CC® process is the reduction in the human capital required to operate the building. Prior to commissioning, significant time was spent changing system operating setpoints in an attempt to save energy. These efforts are no longer required.

Redmann, N.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Impact of dispersed solar and wind systems on electric distribution planning and operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Small-scale dispersed solar photovoltaic and wind generation (DSW) will affect the generation, transmission, and distribution systems of an electric utility. This study examines the technical and economic impacts of dispersing DSW devices within the distribution system. Dispersed intermittent generation is included. Effects of DSW devices on capital investments, reliability, operating and maintenance costs, protection requirements, and communication and control requirements are examined. A DSW operation model is developed to help determine the dependable capacity of fluctuating solar photovoltaic and wind generation as part of the distribution planning process. Specific case studies using distribution system data and renewable resource data for Southern California Edison Company and Consumers Power Company are analyzed to gain insights into the effects of interconnecting DSW devices. The DSW devices were found to offer some distribution investment savings, depending on their availability during peak loads. For a summer-peaking utility, for example, dispersing photovoltaic systems is more likely to defer distribution capital investments than dispersing wind systems. Dispersing storage devices to increase DSW's dependable capacity for distribution systems needs is not economically attractive. Substation placement of DSW and storage devices is found to be more cost effective than feeder or customer placement. Examination of the effects of DSW on distribution system operation showed that small customer-owned DSW devices are not likely to disrupt present time-current distribution protection coordination. Present maintenance work procedures, are adequate to ensure workmen's safety. Regulating voltages within appropriate limits will become more complex with intermittent generation along the distribution feeders.

Boardman, R.W.; Patton, R.; Curtice, D.H.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Operational experience with a high speed video data acquisition system in Fermilab experiment E-687  

SciTech Connect

Operation of a high speed, triggerable, Video Data Acquisition System (VDAS) including a hardware data compactor and a 16 megabyte First-In-First-Out buffer memory (FIFO) will be discussed. Active target imaging techniques for High Energy Physics are described and preliminary experimental data is reported.. The hardware architecture for the imaging system and experiment will be discussed as well as other applications for the imaging system. Data rates for the compactor is over 30 megabytes/sec and the FIFO has been run at 100 megabytes/sec. The system can be operated at standard video rates or at any rate up to 30 million pixels/second. 7 refs., 3 figs.

Baumbaugh, A.E.; Knickerbocker, K.L.; Baumbaugh, B.; Ruchti, R.

1987-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

Web System for Data Quality Assessment of Tile Calorimeter During the ATLAS Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TileCal is the barrel hadronic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment and has about 10 000 electronic channels. Supervising the detector behavior is a very important task to ensure proper operation. Collaborators perform analyzes over reconstructed data of calibration runs in order to give detailed considerations about failures and to assert the equipment status. Since the commissioning period, our group has developed seven web systems that guide the collaborators through the data quality assessment task. Each system covers a part of the job, providing information on the latest runs, displaying status from the automatic monitoring framework, giving details about power supplies operation, presenting the generated plots and storing the validation outcomes, assisting to write logbook entries, creating and submitting the bad channels list to the conditions database and publishing the equipment performance history. Due to the beginning of the operation, runs are acquired more often. The increasing amount of data repr...

Maidantchik1, C; The ATLAS collaboration; Grael, F; Sivolella, A; Balabram, L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Power System Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling Due to Increased Penetration of Variable Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update describes work done in the second and final year of the EPRI Bulk Renewable Integration Program project, “Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling.” This project takes a system perspective in examining the issue of generator cycling behavior, which is likely to increase with increased renewable penetration. To better understand system impacts, researchers developed new modeling algorithms and used them in two case studies to investigate issues related ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

351

Combined Operation of Solar Energy Source Heat Pump, Low-vale Electricity and Floor Radiant System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today energy sources are decreasing and saving energy conservation becomes more important. Therefore, it becomes an important investigative direction how to use reproducible energy sources in the HVAC field. The feasibility and necessity of using solar energy, low-vale electricity as heat sources in a floor radiant system are analyzed. This paper presents a new heat pump system and discusses its operational modes in winter.

Liu, G.; Guo, Z.; Hu, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Metering, Network, in the Field Operations, and Information System (MENOFIS) Platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) IntelliGrid Project Set 161D (Infrastructure for Smart Customer Interface) includes an element of tracking and reporting regarding work that is happening in utility laboratories. The MENOFIS (Metering, Network, in the Field Operations, and Information System) platform is an example of such work at Elctricite de France (EdF) RD aimed at testing technological aspects of three research and demonstration (RD) projects of the Measurement and Information System for ...

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

353

Implementation of the MPC and A Operations Monitorying (MOM) System at JSC PO Sevmas  

SciTech Connect

The Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program has been working since 1994 with nuclear sites in Russia to upgrade the physical protection (PP) and material control and accounting (MC&A) functions at facilities containing weapons usable nuclear material. In early 2001, the MPC&A program initiated the MPC&A Operations Monitoring (MOM) Project to monitor facilities where MPC&A upgrades have been installed to provide increased confidence that personnel are present and vigilant, provide confidence that security procedures are being properly performed and provide additional assurance that nuclear materials have not been stolen. The MOM project began as a pilot project at the Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI) and a MOM system was successfully installed in October 2001. Following the success of the MEPhI pilot project, the MPC&A Program expanded the installation of MOM systems to several other Russian facilities, including the JSC 'PO' Sevmash', Severodvinsk, Russia. The MOM system was made operational at Sevmash in September, 2008. This paper will discuss the objectives of the MOM system installed at Sevmash and indicate how the objectives influenced the development of the conceptual design. The paper will also describe activities related to installation of the infrastructure and the MOM system at Sevmash. Experience gained from operation of the system and how the objectives are being met will also be discussed. The paper will describe how the MOM system is used at Sevmash and, in particular, how the data is analyzed. Finally, future activities including potential expansion of the MOM system, operator training, data sharing and analysis, procedure development, repair and maintenance will be included in the paper.

Monogarov, A.; Taranenko, V.; Serov,A; Duncan, C; Brownell, L; Pratt, W.T.; Carbonaro, J; White, R.M.; Coffing, J.A.

2010-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

354

Centrifugal contactor modified for end stage operation in a multistage system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to centrifugal contactors in a multistage or cascade system for separating liquids of different weight phases, and more particularly to the modification of the centrifugal contactors functioning as the end stages in the cascade for enabling the cascade to continue operation when an end stage becomes inoperative. This invention was made as a result of work under contract AC05-84OR21400 between Martian Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and the US Department of Energy. 4 figs.

Jubin, R.T.

1989-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

355

A Queueing System with Two Operation Modes and a Disaster Flow: Its Stationary State Probability Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with a controllable queueing in which the operation mode changes, depending on the current queue length, and an additional flow of diasters arrive. A disaster may completely empty the system, i.e., all customers, including the ...

O. V. Semenova

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Methodology to evaluate the performance of simulation models for alternative compiler and operating system configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation modelers increasingly require greater flexibility for model implementation on diverse operating systems, and they demand high computational speed for efficient iterative simulations. Additionally, model users may differ in preference for proprietary ... Keywords: Crop model, G95, Gfortran, Linux, Open source, Windows

K. R. Thorp; J. W. White; C. H. Porter; G. Hoogenboom; G. S. Nearing; A. N. French

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A Review of Market Monitoring Activities at U.S. Independent System Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Electric Markets Technical Assistance Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03LBNL-53975 A Review of Market Monitoring Activities at U.S. Independent System Operators Charles Goldman, Bernie C. Lesieutre, and Emily Bartholomew Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Energy Analysis

358

Thermal Energy Storage Systems Operation and Control Strategies Under Real Time Pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a methodology that was developed for evaluation of operation and control strategies for thermal energy storage (TES) systems under emerging real-time price (RTP) rate structures. The methodology was demonstrated on a prototype office building in two southeastern United States climates.

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

359

Operation strategy for solid oxide fuel cell systems for small-scale stationary applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

variation during the operation. The analysis will consider an average profile for heat and power demand gross electricity generation in 2010 by doubling the generation capacity and increasing the plant load and degrades the fuel cells. To counteract the degradation, the system has not to be stressed with rapid load

Liso, Vincenzo

360

Cloud MapReduce: A MapReduce Implementation on Top of a Cloud Operating System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Like a traditional Operating System (OS), a cloud OS is responsible for managing the low level cloud resources and presenting a high level interface to the application programmers in order to hide the infrastructure details. However, unlike a traditional ... Keywords: cloud, mapreduce, Amazon web services

Huan Liu; Dan Orban

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Predicting energy and performance overhead of real-time operating systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a high-level method for rapidly and accurately estimating energy and performance overhead of Real-Time Operating Systems. Unlike most other approaches, which rely on Transaction-Level Modeling (TLM), we infer the information we need directly ...

Sandro Penolazzi; Ingo Sander; Ahmed Hemani

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Investigation of Fuel Cell System Performance and Operation: A Fuel Cell as a Practical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The low-grade heat from the fuel cell is utilized at the domestic hot water storage tank with a double The low-grade fuel cell heat feeds a heat exchanger to supply domestic hot water requirementsInvestigation of Fuel Cell System Performance and Operation: A Fuel Cell as a Practical Distributed

363

Designing a highly-scalable operating system: the Blue Gene/L story  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blue Gene/L is currently the world's fastest and most scalable supercomputer. It has demonstrated essentially linear scaling all the way to 131,072 processors in several benchmarks and real applications. The operating systems for the compute and I/O ...

José Moreira; Michael Brutman; José Castaños; Thomas Engelsiepen; Mark Giampapa; Tom Gooding; Roger Haskin; Todd Inglett; Derek Lieber; Pat McCarthy; Mike Mundy; Jeff Parker; Brian Wallenfelt

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Solar heating and cooling of residential buildings: sizing, installation and operation of systems. 1980 edition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This manual was prepared as a text for a training course on solar heating and cooling of residential buildings. The course and text are directed toward sizing, installation, operation, and maintenance of solar systems for space heating and hot water supply, and solar cooling is treated only briefly. (MHR)

None

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Benchmarking the effects of operating system interference on extreme-scale parallel machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate operating system noise, which we identify as one of the main reasons for a lack of synchronicity in parallel applications. Using a microbenchmark, we measure the noise on several contemporary platforms and find that, even with a general-purpose ... Keywords: Microbenchmark, Noise, Petascale, Synchronicity

Pete Beckman; Kamil Iskra; Kazutomo Yoshii; Susan Coghlan; Aroon Nataraj

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Utility FGD Survey, January--December 1989. Volume 2, Design performance data for operating FGD systems, Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Utility flue gas desulfurization (FGD) Survey report, which is generated by a computerized data base management system, represents a survey of operational and planned domestic utility flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems. It summarizes information contributed by the utility industry, system and equipment suppliers, system designers, research organizations, and regulatory agencies. The data cover system design, fuel characteristics, operating history, and actual system performance. Also included is a unit-by-unit discussion of problems and solutions associated with the boilers, scrubbers, and FGD systems. The development status (operational, under construction, or in the planning stages), system supplier, process, waste disposal practice, and regulatory class are tabulated alphabetically by utility company.

Hance, S.L.; McKibben, R.S.; Jones, F.M. [IT Corp., Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Incorporation of system operation strategies in water rights modeling and analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the state of Texas. Effective management of this stochastic resource requires that the availability of water for various uses be estimated to a high degree of confidence. The availability of water is constrained by a variety of hydrologic, physical, environmental, and institutional factors. The adoption of the doctrine of prior appropriation by the state of Texas and the administration of the associated system of water rights places a significant institutional constraint upon the availability of water in the state. This thesis describes a generalized river basin simulation model (TAMUWRAP) capable of analyzing the hydrologic and institutional availability of water to specific users under a prior appropriative system of water rights. The model analyzes the availability of water to individual water rights considering system reservoir operations, return flows, hydroelectric power generation, negative incremental inflows between basin locations, and buffer zone operations. The model can also determine the availability of water to groups of water rights with multiple dates of priority and storage in multiple reservoirs. A case study applying TAMUWRAP to the Brazos River Basin in Texas is presented. The effects of various model options upon simulation results are demonstrated, concentrating on the system of reservoirs and water right permits owned by the Brazos River Authority. The effects of the incorporation of a system reservoir operating permit into the Texas water rights permit structure is investigated. Study results indicate that the Bmws River Authority benefits from conjunctive operation of its system of reservoir and might be able to increase its annual permitted diversion amount with a system permit.

Dunn, David Douglas

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An Operational System for Generating Cloud Drift Winds in the Australian Region and Their Impact on Numerical Weather Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology has, since June 1992, produced cloud drift wind data for operational use. These data are used in the analysis cycle of the local operational numerical weather prediction system. This paper describes the ...

John Le Marshall; Neil Pescod; Bob Seaman; Graham Mills; Paul Stewart

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Operational modes and control philosophy of the SSCL Magnet Test Lab. (MTL) cryogenic system  

SciTech Connect

The MTL`s function is to test prototype and industrially manufactured magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory (SSCL). The cryogenic system of the MTL has a main refrigeration system consisting of a two-stage compression system, a refrigerator/liquefier coldbox, a liquid helium dewar, warm gas storage, and a regeneration skid. The MTL cryogenic system also includes the following auxiliary equipment: two cleaning, cooling, warmup and purification (CCWP) coldbox modules with a regeneration skid for the charcoal beds, two CCWP compressors, a dehydration skid with its own regeneration system, a pump box, a refrigeration recovery unit, and five distribution boxes. At any given time, the refrigeration system has the capacity to simultaneously test at least six magnets under normally required testing conditions. Every magnet will undergo cleaning, cooldown, and filling prior to general testing, conditioning, quench testing, and other experiments. At the completion of general testing, etc., the magnet must be emptied prior to warming it up to ambient temperature. Furthermore, conditioning, training, and testing of the magnets can be carried out at different temperatures between 4.5 K and 2.5 K. The cryogenic system is designed to test multiple magnets, not all of which are necessarily in the same preparational or operational stage. This paper describes the different operational modes and the behavior and control of the total cryogenic system during multiple magnet tests.

Ganni, V.; Than, R.; Thirumaleshwar, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Solar photovoltaic applications seminar: design, installation and operation of small, stand-alone photovoltaic power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This seminar material was developed primarily to provide solar photovoltaic (PV) applied engineering technology to the Federal community. An introduction to photoconductivity, semiconductors, and solar photovoltaic cells is included along with a demonstration of specific applications and application identification. The seminar details general systems design and incorporates most known information from industry, academia, and Government concerning small solar cell power system design engineering, presented in a practical and applied manner. Solar PV power system applications involve classical direct electrical energy conversion and electric power system analysis and synthesis. Presentations and examples involve a variety of disciplines including structural analysis, electric power and load analysis, reliability, sizing and optimization; and, installation, operation and maintenance. Four specific system designs are demonstrated: water pumping, domestic uses, navigational and aircraft aids, and telecommunications. All of the applications discussed are for small power requirement (under 2 kilowatts), stand-alone systems to be used in remote locations. Also presented are practical lessons gained from currently installed and operating systems, problems at sites and their resolution, a logical progression through each major phase of system acquisition, as well as thorough design reviews for each application.

Not Available

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Methodology for Determining the Optimal Operating Strategies for a Chilled Water Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation proposed a new methodology for determining the optimal operating strategies for a chilled water storage system under a Time-of-Use electricity rate structure. It is based on a new classification of operating strategies and an investigation of multiple search paths. Each operating strategy consists of a control strategy and the maximum number of chillers running during the off-peak and on-peak periods. For each month, the strategy with the lowest monthly billing cost and minimal water level higher than the setpoint is selected as the optimal operating strategy for the current month. A system model is built to simulate the tank water level at the end of each time step and the system total power during each time step. This model includes six sub-models. Specifically, the plant model is a forward model using a wire-to-water concept to simulate the plant total power. For the Thermal Energy Storage (TES) model, the tank state is described with total chilled water volume in the tank and its derivation is the tank charging or discharging flow rate. A regression model is adopted to simulate the loop supply and return temperature difference as well as the loop total flow rate demand. In the control strategy sub-model, except for three conventional control strategies and the operation without TES, a new control strategy is advanced to load the chiller optimally. The final results will be a table showing the monthly control strategy and maximal number of chillers staged on during the off-peak and on-peak periods, an approach which is easy for the operators to follow. Two project applications of this methodology are introduced in this dissertation. One is an existing TES system with state-of-the-art control and metering systems. The monthly optimal operating strategies are generated, which will achieve significant savings. The comparisons among different control strategies are also provided. The other application consists of multiple plants with little data. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the economic feasibility of designing a new chilled water storage tank and sharing it among four plants. This problem can be solved with a simplified system model, and an optimal tank size is recommended.

Zhang, Zhiqin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Integrated Operations and Maintenance of Fossil Plant Systems: System Health Reporting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As budget margins for operations and maintenance programs become tighter, the need for fully integrated, streamlined programs becomes more essential. Organizations are being required to function more efficiently and effectively despite having their budget and personnel resources significantly reduced. Newly developed technology, especially information technology, has played a key role in assisting power-producing organizations as they strive to develop strategic management plans for their existing assets...

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

373

Methodology for design, calibration, system identification and operation of an experimental Hvac system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??It is well known that building control systems rarely function as designed, contributing to excessive energy use and poor environmental control performance. In addition, most… (more)

Cui, Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Active Distributed Power Systems Functional Structures for Real-Time Operation of Sustainable Energy Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Present power system will face great challenges in several areas depending on the market economy, extensive global integration and constant need for more electric power,… (more)

Svensson, Jörgen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Operational and Regulatory Performance of Waste Crate Assay Systems at RFETS  

SciTech Connect

As Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) approaches its closure target of 2006 emphasis for Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) has shifted from small waste package assay systems towards larger systems that are designed to accommodate Standard Waste Boxes (SWB) and larger Low Level Waste (LLW) containers. To this end, Kaiser Hill, with the support of BNFL Instruments, Inc. (BII) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), has recently deployed two new crate assay systems. These systems provide the capacity to meet the assay requirements associated with the Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D) at RFETS. The Super High Efficiency Neutron Coincidence Counting System (SuperHENC) was designed and fabricated as a collaborative effort between RFETS, LANL and BII. The purpose of this counter is to provide a WIPP certified assay capability for SWBs with a sensitivity that allows for TRU/LLW sorting. The SuperHENC has been in operation since early 2001. The BII Multi-Purpose Crate Counter (MPCC) is based on the Imaging Passive Active Neutron (IPAN) technology. This counter was designed to provide diverse capacity for WIPP certified assay of SWBs and to provide assay capability for larger LLW crates that are generated at RFETS. The MPCC has been in operation since early 2002. In order to meet the requirement for measurement of the WIPP tracked radionuclides, both systems incorporate a BII Gamma Energy Analysis sub-system. The unique Energy Times Attenuation (ETA) method is used to provide isotopic mass fractions for diverse waste streams. These systems were the first, and at this time the only, waste crate assay systems that have achieved WIPP certification. This represents a significant achievement given that the performance criteria applied to the measurements of large crates is identical to the criteria for 55-gallon (208 liter) drums. They are now both fully operational at RFETS and continue to successfully support the site closure mission.

Clapham, M. J.; Franco, J.; Simpson, A.; Santo, J.; Menlove, H. O.; Durel, F. M.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

376

Operational and regulatory performance of waste crate assay systems at RFETS.  

SciTech Connect

As Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) approaches its closure target of 2006 emphasis for Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) has shifted from small waste package assay systems towards larger systems that are designed to accommodate Standard Waste Boxes (SWB) and larger Low Level Waste (LLW) containers. To this end, Kaiser Hill, with the support of BNFL Instruments, Inc . (BIn) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), has recently deployed two new crate assay systems . These systems provide the capacity to meet the assay requirements associated with the Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D) at RFETS . The Super High Efficiency Neutron Coincidence Counting System (SuperHENC) was designed and fabricated as a collaborative effort between RFETS, LANL and BII. The purpose of this counter is to provide a WIPP certified assay capability for SWBs with a sensitivity that allows for TRU/LLW sorting. The SuperHENC has been in operation since early 2001 . The BII Mu1ti-Purpose Crate Counter (MPCC) is based on the Imaging Passive Active Neutron (IPANTM) technology. This counter was designed to provide diverse capacity for WIPP certified assay of SWBs and to provide assay capability for larger LLW crates that are generated at RFETS. The MPCC h as been in operation since early 2002 . In order to meet the requirement for measurement of the WIPP tracked radionuclides, both systems incorporate a BII Gamma Energy Analysis sub-system . The unique Energy Times . Attenuation (ETA) method is used to provide isotopic mass fractions for diverse wastes treams: These systems were the first, and at this time the only, waste crate assay systems that have achieved WIPP certification. This represents a significant achievement given that the performance criteria applied to the measurements of large crates is identical to the criteria for 55-gallon (208 liter) drums . They are now both fully operational at RFETS and continue to successfully support the site closure mission .

Clapham, M. (Martin); Franco, J. B. (Johnna B.); Simpson, A.; Santo, J.; Menlove, Howard O.; Durel, F. M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Identifying Challenging Operating Hours for Solar Intergration in the NV Energy System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract-- In this paper, the ability of the Nevada (NV) Energy generation fleet to meet its system balancing requirements under different solar energy penetration scenarios is studied. System balancing requirements include capacity, ramp rate, and ramp duration requirements for load following and regulation. If, during some operating hours, system capability is insufficient to meet these requirements, there is certain probability that the balancing authority’s control and reliability performance can be compromised. These operating hours are considered as “challenging” hours. Five different solar energy integration scenarios have been studied. Simulations have shown that the NV Energy system will be potentially able to accommodate up to 942 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) generation. However, the existing generation scheduling procedure should be adjusted to make it happen. Fast-responsive peaker units need to be used more frequently to meet the increasing ramping requirements. Thus, the NV Energy system operational cost can increase. Index Terms—Solar Generation, Renewables Integration, Balancing Process, Load Following, Regulation.

Etingov, Pavel V.; Lu, Shuai; Guo, Xinxin; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Chadliev, Vladimir; Salgo, Richard

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

378

Operator renewal theory and mixing rates for dynamical systems with infinite measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a theory of operator renewal sequences in the context of infinite ergodic theory. For large classes of dynamical systems preserving an infinite measure, we determine the asymptotic behaviour of iterates $L^n$ of the transfer operator. This was previously an intractable problem. Examples of systems covered by our results include (i) parabolic rational maps of the complex plane and (ii) (not necessarily Markovian) nonuniformly expanding interval maps with indifferent fixed points. In addition, we give a particularly simple proof of pointwise dual ergodicity (asymptotic behaviour of $\\sum_{j=1}^nL^j$) for the class of systems under consideration. In certain situations, including Pomeau-Manneville intermittency maps, we obtain higher order expansions for $L^n$ and rates of mixing. Also, we obtain error estimates in the associated Dynkin-Lamperti arcsine laws.

Melbourne, Ian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Simulation model for wind energy storage systems. Volume II. Operation manual. [SIMWEST code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effort developed a comprehensive computer program for the modeling of wind energy/storage systems utilizing any combination of five types of storage (pumped hydro, battery, thermal, flywheel and pneumatic). An acronym for the program is SIMWEST (Simulation Model for Wind Energy Storage). The level of detail of SIMWEST is consistent with a role of evaluating the economic feasibility as well as the general performance of wind energy systems. The software package consists of two basic programs and a library of system, environmental, and load components. Volume II, the SIMWEST operation manual, describes the usage of the SIMWEST program, the design of the library components, and a number of simple example simulations intended to familiarize the user with the program's operation. Volume II also contains a listing of each SIMWEST library subroutine.

Warren, A.W.; Edsinger, R.W.; Burroughs, J.D.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Integrated DWPF Melter System (IDMS) campaign report: The first two noble metals operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Integrated DWPF Melter System (IDMS) is designed and constructed to provide an engineering-scale representation of the DWPF melter and its associated feed preparation and off-gas systems. The facility is the first pilot-scale melter system capable of processing mercury, and flowsheet levels of halides and noble metals. In order to characterize the processing of noble metals (Pd, Rh, Ru, and Ag) on a large scale, the IDMS will be operated batchstyle for at least nine feed preparation cycles. The first two of these operations are complete. The major observation to date occurred during the second run when significant amounts of hydrogen were evolved during the feed preparation cycle. The runs were conducted between June 7, 1990 and March 8, 1991. This time period included nearly six months of ``fix-up`` time when forced air purges were installed on the SRAT MFT and other feed preparation vessels to allow continued noble metals experimentation.

Hutson, N.D.; Zamecnik, J.R.; Smith, M.E.; Miller, D.H.; Ritter, J.A.

1991-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Evaluation of a solar intermittent refrigeration system for ice production operating with ammonia/lithium nitrate  

SciTech Connect

A novel solar intermittent refrigeration system for ice production developed in the Centro de Investigacion en Energia of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico is presented. The system operates with the ammonia/lithium nitrate mixture. The system developed has a nominal capacity of 8 kg of ice/day. It consists of a cylindrical parabolic collector acting as generator-absorber. Evaporator temperatures as low as -11 C were obtained for several hours with solar coefficients of performance up to 0.08. It was found that the coefficient of performance increases with the increment of solar radiation and the solution concentration. A dependency of the coefficient of performance was not founded against the cooling water temperature. Also it was found that the maximum operating pressure increases meanwhile the generation temperature decreases with an increase of the solution concentration. (author)

Rivera, W.; Moreno-Quintanar, G.; Best, R. [Centro de Investigacion en Energia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 34, 62580 Temixco, Mor. (Mexico); Rivera, C.O.; Martinez, F. [Facultad de Ingenieria Campus Coatzacoalcos, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. Universidad Km 7.5, 96530 Coatzacoalcos, Ver. (Mexico)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Role of Pumped Storage Hydro Resources in Electricity Markets and System Operation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The most common form of utility- sized energy storage system is the pumped storage hydro system. Originally, these types of storage systems were economically viable simply because they displace more expensive generating units. However, over time, as those expensive units became more efficient and costs declined, pumped hydro storage units no longer have the operational edge. As a result, in the current electricity market environment, pumped storage hydro plants are struggling. To offset this phenomenon, certain market modifications should be addressed. This paper will introduce some of the challenges faced by pumped storage hydro plants in today's markets and purpose some solutions to those problems.

Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Botterud, A.; Milostan, C.; Krad, I.; Koritarov, V.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

An in-cell alpha detection system for radioisotope component assembly operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A remotely operated alpha detection system is being developed for use at the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site. It will be used in hot cells being constructed to assemble components of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators for space power applications. The in-cell detection equipment will survey radiological swipe samples to determine smearable surface contamination levels on radioisotope fuel, fueled components, and hot-cell work areas. This system is potentially adaptable to other hot cell and glovebox applications where radiation dose rates and contamination levels are expected to be low. 2 figs.

Carteret, B.A. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)); Goles, R.W. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Wind Power Impacts on Electric Power System Operating Costs: Summary and Perspective on Work to Date; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric utility system planners and operators are concerned that variations in wind plant output may increase the operating costs of the system. This concern arises because the system must maintain an instantaneous balance between the aggregate demand for electric power and the total power generated by all power plants feeding the system. This is a highly sophisticated task that utility operators and automatic controls perform routinely, based on well-known operating characteristics for conventional power plants and a great deal of experience accumulated over many years. System operators are concerned that variations in wind plant output will force the conventional power plants to provide compensating variations to maintain system balance, thus causing the conventional power plants to deviate from operating points chosen to minimize the total cost of operating the system. The operators' concerns are compounded by the fact that conventional power plants are generally under their control and thus are dispatchable, whereas wind plants are controlled instead by nature. Although these are valid concerns, the key issue is not whether a system with a significant amount of wind capacity can be operated reliably, but rather to what extent the system operating costs are increased by the variability of the wind.

Smith, J. C.; DeMeo, E. A.; Parsons, B.; Milligan, M.

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Operable Unit 3-13, Group 7, SFE-20 Hot Waste Tank System Remedial Action Request  

SciTech Connect

This Remedial Action Report summarizes activities undertaken to remediate the Operable Unit 3-13, Group 7, SFE-20 Hot Waste Tank System at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center at the Idaho National Laboratory Site. The site addressed in this report was defined in the Operable Unit 3-13 Record of Decision and subsequent implementing documents. This report concludes that remediation requirements and cleanup goals established for the site have been accomplished and is hereafter considered a No Further Action site.

L. Davison

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

386

Operable Unit 3-13, Group 7, SFE-20 Hot Waste Tank System Remedial Action Report  

SciTech Connect

This Remedial Action Report summarizes activities undertaken to remediate the Operable Unit 3-13, Group 7, SFE-20 Hot Waste Tank System at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center at the Idaho National Laboratory Site. The site addressed in this report was defined in the Operable Unit 3-13 Record of Decision and subsequent implementing documents. This report concludes that remediation requirements and cleanup goals established for the site have been accomplished and is hereafter considered a No Further Action site.

Lee Davison

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

387

Sustainable Forward Operating Base Nuclear Power Evaluation (Relationship Mapping System) Users’ Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Sustainable Forward Operating Base (FOB) Nuclear Power Evaluation was developed by the Idaho National Laboratory Systems Engineering Department to support the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in assessing and demonstrating the viability of deploying small-scale reactors in support of military operations in theatre. This document provides a brief explanation of how to access and use the Sustainable FOB Nuclear Power Evaluation utility to view assessment results as input into developing and integrating the program elements needed to create a successful demonstration.

Not Listed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

DEVELOPMENT, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE MPC&A OPERATIONS MONITORING (MOM) SYSTEM AT THE JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (JINR) DUBNA, RUSSIA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Operations Monitoring (MOM) systems handling at the International Intergovernmental Organization - Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) is described in this paper. Category I nuclear material (plutonium and uranium) is used in JINR research reactors, facilities and for scientific and research activities. A monitoring system (MOM) was installed at JINR in April 2003. The system design was based on a vulnerability analysis, which took into account the specifics of the Institute. The design and installation of the MOM system was a collaborative effort between JINR, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Financial support was provided by DOE through BNL. The installed MOM system provides facility management with additional assurance that operations involving nuclear material (NM) are correctly followed by the facility personnel. The MOM system also provides additional confidence that the MPC&A systems continue to perform effectively.

Kartashov,V.V.; Pratt,W.; Romanov, Y.A.; Samoilov, V.N.; Shestakov, B.A.; Duncan, C.; Brownell, L.; Carbonaro, J.; White, R.M.; Coffing, J.A.

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

A probabilistic nodal analysis for helping the system operator to validate the results of the day-ahead electricity market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operating reserve margins of the generating park of an electric power system have been traditionally set up by the System Operator (SO) with deterministic considerations, mainly using the so-called "first contingency security criterion" (N-1). As ... Keywords: electricity market, generation reserve margin, monte Carlo simulations, multi-area systems

Davide Poli; Paolo Pelacchi

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Pebble ComponentBased Operating System Eran Gabber, Christopher Small, John Bruno + , Jos Brustoloni and Avi Silberschatz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pebble Component­Based Operating System Eran Gabber, Christopher Small, John Bruno + , José affiliated with the University of California at Santa Barbara Abstract Pebble is a new operating system of features heretofore not found in a single system, including (a) a minimal privileged mode nucleus

Brustoloni, José Carlos

391

Platform leadership through system interfaces : a study of application programming interfaces for mobile operating systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Smart Mobile device industry is witnessing rapid growth with the increased convergence of voice-centric mobile phones and data-centric personal digital assistant systems. Improving capabilities in device hardware have ...

Mandala, Ashok Chakravarthy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Advances in the operation of the DIII-D neutral beam computer systems  

SciTech Connect

The DIII-D neutral beam system routinely provides up to 20 MW of deuterium neutral beam heating in support of experiments on the DIII-D tokamak, and is a critical part of the DIII-D physics experimental program. The four computer systems previously used to control neutral beam operation and data acquisition were designed and implemented in the late 1970`s and used on DIII and DIII-D from 1981--1996. By comparison to modern standards, they had become expensive to maintain, slow and cumbersome, making it difficult to implement improvements. Most critical of all, they were not networked computers. During the 1997 experimental campaign, these systems were replaced with new Unix compliant hardware and, for the most part, commercially available software. This paper describes operational experience with the new neutral beam computer systems, and new advances made possible by using features not previously available. These include retention and access to historical data, an asynchronously fired ``rules`` base, and a relatively straightforward programming interface. Methods and principles for extending the availability of data beyond the scope of the operator consoles will be discussed.

Phillips, J.C.; Busath, J.L.; Penaflor, B.G.; Piglowski, D.; Kellman, D.H.; Chiu, H.K.; Hong, R.M.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Design and Application of an Electronic Logbook for Space System Integration and Test Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the highly technological aerospace world paper is still widely used to document space system integration and test (I&T) operations. E-Logbook is a new technology designed to substitute the most commonly used paper logbooks in space system I&T, such as the connector mate/demate logbook, the flight hardware and flight software component installation logbook, the material mix record logbook and the electronic ground support equipment validation logbook. It also includes new logbook concepts, such as the shift logbook, which optimizes management oversight and the shift hand-over process, and the configuration logbook, which instantly reports on the global I&T state of the space system before major test events or project reviews. The design of E-Logbook focuses not only on a reliable and efficient relational database, but also on an ergonomic human-computer interactive (HCI) system that can help reduce human error and improve I&T management and oversight overall. E-Logbook has been used for the I&T operation of the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) Large Area Telescope (LAT) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). More than 41,000 records have been created for the different I&T logbooks, with no data having been corrupted or critically lost. 94% of the operators and 100% of the management exposed to E-Logbook prefer it to paper logbooks and recommend its use in the aerospace industry.

Kavelaars, Alicia T.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Dept. Aeronaut. Astronaut.

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

394

Impacts of time-of-use rates on the optimal sizing and operation of cogeneration systems  

SciTech Connect

For customers with a cogeneration system (CGS), a mixed-integer programming and nonlinear programming model is used to examine effects of time-of-use (TOU) rates on the optimal operation of the constituent equipment as well as the optimal sizing. Three customers are selected for case studies: a hotel, a hospital, and an office building. Effects of an on-peak/off-peak energy charge ratio on purchased power share in the total electricity demand are saturated at the ratio of 5. As the energy charge ratio is raised, cheaper off-peak power substitutes for city gas and the operating cost decreases. The responses of the hotel and the hospital are similar. The simulation results included in this paper indicate that properly designed TOU rates can provide commercial customers an incentive to operate a CGS with an appropriate mix of the self-generation and commercial power.

Asano, H.; Sagai, S.; Imamura, E. (Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)); Ito, K.; Yokoyama, R. (Osaka Prefectural Univ., Sakai (Japan))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Photovoltaic module and array performance characterization methods for all system operating conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper provides new test methods and analytical procedures for characterizing the electrical performance of photovoltaic modules and arrays. The methods use outdoor measurements to provide performance parameters both at standard reporting conditions and for all operating conditions encountered by typical photovoltaic systems. Improvements over previously used test methods are identified, and examples of the successful application of the methodology are provided for crystalline- and amorphous-silicon modules and arrays. This work provides an improved understanding of module and array performance characteristics, and perhaps most importantly, a straight- forward yet rigorous model for predicting array performance at all operating conditions. For the first time, the influences of solar irradiance, operating temperature, solar spectrum, solar angle-of- incidence, and temperature coefficients are all addressed in a practical way that will benefit both designers and users of photovoltaics.

King, D.L.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix R: Pacific Northwest Coordination agreement (PNCA).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently, the Federal government coordinates the planning and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) with projects owned and operated by the region`s non-Federal hydrogenerating utilities pursuant to the Pacific North-west Coordination Agreement (PNCA). The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Corps of Engineers (Corps), and the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) are parties to the PNCA on behalf of the government of the United States. The PNCA is a complex agreement that provides an opportunity for the region`s power producers to maximize the power system`s reliability and economy while meeting their multiple-use objectives. The PNCA does not dictate the operation of the resources it coordinates. It is essentially an accounting mechanism that exchanges the power produced among the parties in order to improve the reliability of the system and reduce regional power costs. Project owners retain complete autonomy to operate as needed to meet their multiple-use requirements. The PNCA was executed in 1964 as an important component of regional plans to maximize the Northwest`s hydro resource capability. Maximization also included the development of storage projects on the Columbia River in Canada pursuant to the terms of the 1964 Columbia River Treaty. Because of the link between power coordination and Treaty issues, the current parties to the PNCA, currently are contemplating entering into a replacement or renewed power coordination agreement. Because the power coordination agreement is a consensual arrangement, its ultimate provisions must be acceptable to all of its signatories. This Appendix R to the Final Environmental Impact Statement of the Columbia River System is a presentation of the Pacific North-west Coordination Agreement.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Impact of dispersed solar and wind systems on electric distribution planning and operation  

SciTech Connect

Small-scale dispersed solar photovoltaic and wind generation (DSW) will affect the generation, transmission, and distribution systems of an electric utility. This study examines the technical and economic impacts of dispersing DSW devices within the distribution system. Dispersed intermittent generation is included. Effects of DSW devices on capital investments, reliability, operating and maintenance costs, protection requirements, and communication and control requirements are examined. A DSW operation model is developed to help determine the dependable capacity of fluctuating solar photovoltaic and wind generation as part of the distribution planning process. Specific case studies using distribution system data and renewable resource data for Southern California Edison Company and Consumers Power Company are analyzed to gain insights into the effects of interconnecting DSW devices. The DSW devices were found to offer some distribution investment savings, depending on their availability during peak loads. For a summer-peaking utility, for example, dispersing photovoltaic systems is more likely to defer distribution capital investments than dispersing wind systems. Dispersing storage devices to increase DSW's dependable capacity for distribution systems needs is not economically attractive. Substation placement of DSW and storage devices is found to be more cost effective than feeder or customer placement. Examination of the effects of DSW on distribution system operation showed that small customer-owned DSW devices are not likely to disrupt present time-current distribution protection coordination. Present maintenance work procedures, are adequate to ensure workmen's safety. Regulating voltages within appropriate limits will become more complex with intermittent generation along the distribution feeders.

Boardman, R.W.; Patton, R.; Curtice, D.H.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Intermediate-scale high-solids anaerobic digestion system operational development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Anaerobic bioconversion of solid organic wastes represents a disposal option in which two useful products may be produced, including a medium Btu fuel gas (biogas) and a compost-quality organic residue. The application of high-solids technology may offer several advantages over conventional low-solids digester technology. Operation of the anaerobic digestion process at high solids reduces the level of process water and thereby the size and capital costs for the digester system. In addition, by virtue of the lack of available water, the microbial catalysts are more productive in feedstock polymer hydrolysis. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a unique digester system capable of uniformly mixing high-solids materials at low cost. Information gained from laboratory-scale digester research was used to develop die intermediate-scale digester system. This system represents a 50-fold scale-up of the original digester system and includes continuous feed addition and computer monitoring and control. During the first 1.15 years of operation, a variety of modifications and improvements were instituted to increase the safety, reliability, and performance of the system. Those improvements -- which may be critical in further scale-up efforts using the NREL high-solids digester design -- are detailed in this report.

Rivard, C.J.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix D: Exhibits.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Columbia River and its tributaries are the primary water system in the Pacific Northwest, draining some 219,000 square miles in seven states and another 39,500 square miles in British Columbia. Beginning in the 1930`s, the Columbia River has been significantly modified by construction of 30 major dams on the river and its tributaries, along with dozens of non-Federal projects. Construction and subsequent operation of these water development projects have contributed to eight primary uses of the river system, including navigation, flood control, irrigation, electric power generation, fish migration, fish and wildlife habitat, recreation, and water supply and quality considerations. Increasing stress on the water development of the Columbia River and its tributaries has led primary Federal agencies to undertake intensive analysis and evaluation of the operation of these projects. These agencies are the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation, who operate the large Federal dams on the river, and the Bonneville Power Administration who sells the power generated at the dams. This review, termed the System Operation Review (SOR), has as its ultimate goal to define a strategy for future operation of the major Columbia River projects which effectively considers the needs of all river uses. This volume, Appendix D: Cultural resources appendix, Technical imput includes the following: Development of geomorphology based framework for cultural resources management, Dworshak Reservoir, Idaho; Impact profiles for SOR reservoirs; comments from the following Native American tribes: Burns Paiute Tribe; Coville Confederated Tribes; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation; Confederated Tribes and bands of the Yakama Indian Nation (comments); Nez Perce Tribe; Coeur D`Alene Tribe; Spokane Tribe of Indians; The confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 4: Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bulk Electric Power Systems: Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission Planning Volume 4 of 4 Volume 2 PDF Volume 3 PDF Volume 1 PDF Volume 4 PDF NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Baldwin, S. U.S. Department of Energy DeMeo, E. Renewable Energy Consulting Services, Inc. Reilly, J.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mai, T. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Arent, D. Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis Porro, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Meshek, M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sandor, D. National Renewable

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Design and construction of uniform glow discharge plasma system operating under atmospheric condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of a uniform glow discharge plasma system operating without vacuum is presented. A full-bridge switching circuit was used to switch the transformers. The primary windings of transformers were connected in parallel, but in opposite phase to double the output voltage. Theoretically, 20 000 V{sub pp} was obtained. Rectangle copper electrodes were used, and placed parallel to each other. To prevent the spark production that is, to obtain uniformity, two 2 mm Teflon sheets were glued to the electrodes. However, it was observed that the operating frequency also affected the uniformity. For the system presented here, the frequency at which more uniformity was obtained was found to be 14 kHz.

Kocum, C.; Ayhan, H. [Biomedical Engineering Department, Baskent University, Ankara 06530 (Turkey); Chemistry Department, Biochemistry Division, Mugla University, Faculty of Science, Koetekli, 48170 Mugla (Turkey)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Web System for Data Quality Assessment of Tile Calorimeter During the ATLAS Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TileCal is the barrel hadronic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment and has ~10 000 electronic channels. Supervising the detector behavior is a very important task to ensure proper operation. Collaborators perform analyzes over reconstructed data of calibration runs in order to give detailed considerations about failures and to assert the equipment status. Then, the data quality responsible provides the list of problematic channels that should not be considered for physics analysis. Since the commissioning period, our group has developed seven web systems that guide the collaborators through the data quality assessment task. Each system covers a part of the job, providing information on the latest runs, displaying status from the automatic monitoring framework, giving details about power supplies operation, presenting the generated plots and storing the validation outcomes, assisting to write logbook entries, creating and submitting the bad channels list to the conditions database and publishing the equipment ...

Guimaraes Ferreira, F; The ATLAS collaboration; Fink Grael, F; Sivolella Gomes, A; Balabram Filho, L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The Steam System Scoping Tool: Benchmarking Your Steam Operations Through Best Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technology (DOE-OIT) BestPractice efforts aim to assist U.S. industry in adopting near-term energy-efficient technologies and practices through voluntary technical-assistance programs on improved system efficiency. The BestPractices Steam effort, a part of the DOE-OIT effort, has developed a new tool that steam energy managers and operations personnel can use to assess their steam operations and improve their steam energy usage -the Steam System Scoping Tool. This paper describes how the tool was developed, how the tool works, and the status of efforts to improve the tool in the future.

Wright, A.; Hahn, G.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Safety Functions and Other Features of Remotely Operated Weapon Systems (ROWS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-STD-1047-2008 DOE-STD-1047-2008 August 2008 DOE STANDARD Safety Functions and Other Features of Remotely Operated Weapon Systems (ROWS) U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1047-2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ....................................................................................................................... i 1. SCOPE AND PURPOSE .........................................................................................1 2. APPLICABILITY ....................................................................................................1 3. NORMATIVE REFERENCES................................................................................2

405

Impact of cool storage air-conditioning in commercial sector on power system operation in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The results are presented from an investigation into the potential application for cool storage air-conditioning, and the resultant beneficial impact on power system operation in Thailand is discussed. Field assessment through interviews with decision makers in the identified customer groups produces results that show good potential for cool storage application. Results from a computer program used to calculate power production cost and other characteristics show that substantial benefits would also accrue to the generating utility.

Surapong, C.; Bundit, L. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Case history of industrial plant steam system layup for direct-fired gas operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the facts of an industrial plant steam system layup for direct fired gas operations. Fuel price savings indicated that gas firing a paper dryer, the largest steam user in the plant, would pay for itself in one year. Conversion work is detailed. Primary gas distribution was achieved by using one line of the steam loop. Machine water heating, power venting, space heating, and air makeup heating, among other conversions, are also specified.

Stacy, G.N.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Method and system for controlling a synchronous machine over full operating range  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

System and method for controlling a synchronous machine are provided. The method allows for calculating a stator voltage index. The method further allows for relating the magnitude of the stator voltage index against a threshold voltage value. An offset signal is generated based on the results of the relating step. A respective state of operation of the machine is determined. The offset signal is processed based on the respective state of the machine.

Walters, James E. (Carmel, IN); Gunawan, Fani S. (Westfield, IN); Xue, Yanhong (Westfield, IN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Daylight operation of a free space, entanglement-based quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many quantum key distribution (QKD) implementations using a free space transmission path are restricted to operation at night time in order to distinguish the signal photons used for a secure key establishment from background light. Here, we present a lean entanglement-based QKD system overcoming that imitation. By implementing spectral, spatial and temporal filtering techniques, we were able to establish a secure key continuously over several days under varying light and weather conditions.

Peloso, Matthew P; Ho, Caleb; Lamas-Linares, Antia; Kurtsiefer, Christian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Daylight operation of a free space, entanglement-based quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many quantum key distribution (QKD) implementations using a free space transmission path are restricted to operation at night time in order to distinguish the signal photons used for a secure key establishment from background light. Here, we present a lean entanglement-based QKD system overcoming that imitation. By implementing spectral, spatial and temporal filtering techniques, we were able to establish a secure key continuously over several days under varying light and weather conditions.

Matthew P. Peloso; Ilja Gerhardt; Caleb Ho; Antia Lamas-Linares; Christian Kurtsiefer

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

An Operational Energy Consumption Evaluation Index System for Large Public Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large public buildings have been the emphasis of energy conservation in China. In this paper, the design and operational energy consumption evaluation indices for large public buildings are generalized, their differences and deficiencies are analyzed, and the evaluation indices of each kind of key equipment and the whole heating and air-conditioning system are put forward from the point of view of usage efficiency of energy. The energy consumption evaluation index system for large public buildings is primarily established. The calculation method of each kind of energy consumption evaluation index is given, which provides the foundation for further studies on energy consumption for large public buildings.

Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Risk Assessment Using The Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For over ten years, the Counterproliferation Analysis and Planning System (CAPS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been a planning tool used by U.S. combatant commands for mission support planning against foreign programs engaged in the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). CAPS is endorsed by the Secretary of Defense as the preferred counterproliferation tool to be used by the nation's armed services. A sister system, the Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS), is a new operational planning tool leveraging CAPS expertise designed to support the defense of the U.S. homeland. HOPS provides planners with a basis to make decisions to protect against acts of terrorism, focusing on the defense of facilities critical to U.S. infrastructure. Criticality of facilities, structures, and systems is evaluated on a composite matrix of specific projected casualty, economic, and sociopolitical impact bins. Based on these criteria, significant unidentified vulnerabilities are identified and secured. To provide insight into potential successes by malevolent actors, HOPS analysts strive to base their efforts mainly on unclassified open-source data. However, more cooperation is needed between HOPS analysts and facility representatives to provide an advantage to those whose task is to defend these facilities. Evaluated facilities include: refineries, major ports, nuclear power plants and other nuclear licensees, dams, government installations, convention centers, sports stadiums, tourist venues, and public and freight transportation systems. A generalized summary of analyses of U.S. infrastructure facilities will be presented.

Durling, R L; Price, D E; Spero, K K

2005-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

412

Vulnerability And Risk Assessment Using The Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For over ten years, the Counterproliferation Analysis and Planning System (CAPS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been a planning tool used by U.S. combatant commands for mission support planning against foreign programs engaged in the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). CAPS is endorsed by the Secretary of Defense as the preferred counterproliferation tool to be used by the nation's armed services. A sister system, the Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS), is a new operational planning tool leveraging CAPS expertise designed to support the defense of the U.S. homeland. HOPS provides planners with a basis to make decisions to protect against acts of terrorism, focusing on the defense of facilities critical to U.S. infrastructure. Criticality of facilities, structures, and systems is evaluated on a composite matrix of specific projected casualty, economic, and sociopolitical impact bins. Based on these criteria, significant unidentified vulnerabilities are identified and secured. To provide insight into potential successes by malevolent actors, HOPS analysts strive to base their efforts mainly on unclassified open-source data. However, more cooperation is needed between HOPS analysts and facility representatives to provide an advantage to those whose task is to defend these facilities. Evaluated facilities include: refineries, major ports, nuclear power plants and other nuclear licensees, dams, government installations, convention centers, sports stadiums, tourist venues, and public and freight transportation systems. A generalized summary of analyses of U.S. infrastructure facilities is presented.

Durling, Jr., R L; Price, D E; Spero, K K

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

Operating Experience and Economic Assessment of Commercial and Industrial Cool Storage Systems - TVA Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal storage systems offer utilities a means to change the energy use patterns of both residential and commercial and industrial (C&I) customers by moving water-heating and space-conditioning loads from peak to offpeak periods. Benefits from investments in these systems include reduced capital investment in new generating capacity, reduced operating costs, and reduced risk associated with load growth projections and future environmental legislation. This paper presents the results of a study undertaken to evaluate the performance of and quantify the potential economic benefits of C&I cool storage systems. The paper is organized into three major sections. Section one discusses the empirical data gathered from TVA's C&I Cool Storage Demonstration conducted during the summer of 1984. Section two discusses TVA's methodology For quantifying the potential economic benefits of these systems. Finally, the results are summarized with regard to future program activities.

Sieber, R. E.; Dahmus, A. B.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix N: Wildlife.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Columbia River System is a vast and complex combination of Federal and non-Federal facilities used for many purposes including power production, irrigation, navigation, flood control, recreation, fish and wildlife habitat and municipal and industrial water supply. Each river use competes for the limited water resources in the Columbia River Basin. This technical appendix addresses only the effects of alternative system operating strategies for managing the Columbia River system. The environmental impact statement (EIS) itself and some of the other appendices present analyses of the alternative approaches to the other three decisions considered as part of the SOR. This document is the product of the Wildlife Work Group, focusing on wildlife impacts but not including fishes. Topics covered include the following: scope and process; existing and affected environment, including specific discussion of 18 projects in the Columbia river basin. Analysis, evaluation, and alternatives are presented for all projects. System wide impacts to wildlife are also included.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Integration of renewable energy sources: reliability-constrained power system planning and operations using computational intelligence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable sources of energy such as wind turbine generators and solar panels have attracted much attention because they are environmentally friendly, do not consume fossil fuels, and can enhance a nation’s energy security. As a result, recently more significant amounts of renewable energy are being integrated into conventional power grids. The research reported in this dissertation primarily investigates the reliability-constrained planning and operations of electric power systems including renewable sources of energy by accounting for uncertainty. The major sources of uncertainty in these systems include equipment failures and stochastic variations in time-dependent power sources. Different energy sources have different characteristics in terms of cost, power dispatchability, and environmental impact. For instance, the intermittency of some renewable energy sources may compromise the system reliability when they are integrated into the traditional power grids. Thus, multiple issues should be considered in grid interconnection, including system cost, reliability, and pollutant emissions. Furthermore, due to the high complexity and high nonlinearity of such non-traditional power systems with multiple energy sources, computational intelligence based optimization methods are used to resolve several important and challenging problems in their operations and planning. Meanwhile, probabilistic methods are used for reliability evaluation in these reliability-constrained planning and design. The major problems studied in the dissertation include reliability evaluation of power systems with time-dependent energy sources, multi-objective design of hybrid generation systems, risk and cost tradeoff in economic dispatch with wind power penetration, optimal placement of distributed generators and protective devices in power distribution systems, and reliability-based estimation of wind power capacity credit. These case studies have demonstrated the viability and effectiveness of computational intelligence based methods in dealing with a set of important problems in this research arena.

Wang, Lingfeng

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Ensemble Kalman Filter and 4D-Var Intercomparison with the Japanese Operational Global Analysis and Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) is implemented and assessed with the experimental operational system at the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JMA). This paper describes the details of the LETKF system and verification of ...

Takemasa Miyoshi; Yoshiaki Sato; Takashi Kadowaki

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

An Integrated Global Observing System For Sea Surface Temperature Using Satellites and in Situ Data: Research to Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the optimal design and its research-to-operation transition of an integrated global observing system of satellites and in situ observations. The integrated observing system is used for climate assessment using sea surface ...

H-M. Zhang; R. W. Reynolds; R. Lumpkin; R. Molinari; K. Arzayus; M. Johnson; T. M. Smith

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Ettore F. BOMPARD, European Commission, Institute for Energy and Market-based control in emerging distribution system operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in emerging distribution system operation In emerging electrical distribution systems, a multitude of self by distributed and adaptive control signals over prosumers, market-based control needs to make prosumer benefits

Nesterov, Yurii

419

Energy savings from operation and maintenance training for apartment boiler heating systems  

SciTech Connect

The Portland Energy Office provided operation and maintenance (O M) training to the operators of boiler heating systems for ten low-income apartment complexes in the Fall of 1990. This study tracked energy usage before and after O M training to see if savings occurred. Training was provided on both weatherized and non-weatherized apartments to find out if weatherization impacted the amount of O M savings to be obtained. Also, energy savings from the O M training and building shell weatherization are compared. The O M training averaged about four hours per building. Content was adjusted at each site to match needs of the boiler and operator. The Energy Office also provided a boiler tune-up by a service technician. The training stressed low-cost and no-cost measures which operators could either do themselves or hire service help to implement. It also emphasized boiler safety. Nine of the ten apartment complexes in the study used less energy per heating degree-day after the O M help. Average savings were 10%. Four apartments chosen randomly as controls had negative savings; they used slightly more energy during the same post-O M time frame. Weatherized and unweatherized apartments showed similar savings after the O M help, 10% and 11% percent respectively. Savings from weatherization of six of the apartments in the winter of 1988--1989 were also measured. A low average of only 4% was observed, reflecting negative savings in two buildings.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Use of the Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS) for Emergency Management  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Homeland-Defense Operational Planning System (HOPS), is a new operational planning tool leveraging Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's expertise in weapons systems and in sparse information analysis to support the defense of the U.S. homeland. HOPS provides planners with a basis to make decisions to protect against acts of terrorism, focusing on the defense of facilities critical to U.S. infrastructure. Criticality of facilities, structures, and systems is evaluated on a composite matrix of specific projected casualty, economic, and sociopolitical impact bins. Based on these criteria, significant unidentified vulnerabilities are identified and secured. To provide insight into potential successes by malevolent actors, HOPS analysts strive to base their efforts mainly on unclassified open-source data. However, more cooperation is needed between HOPS analysts and facility representatives to provide an advantage to those whose task is to defend these facilities. Evaluated facilities include: refineries, major ports, nuclear power plants and other nuclear licensees, dams, government installations, convention centers, sports stadiums, tourist venues, and public and freight transportation systems. A generalized summary of analyses of U.S. infrastructure facilities will be presented.

Durling, Jr., R L; Price, D E

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

Operational readiness review implementation plan for K Basin sludge water system  

SciTech Connect

This Implementation Plan (IP) has been prepared consistent with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 425.1B, ''Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities'', and DOE-STD-3006-2000, ''Planning and Conduct of Operational Readiness Reviews'' (ORR) (DOE 2002). The scope of the DOE ORR is described in the RL ''Plan of Action, K Basin Sludge Water System'' (Veitenheimer 2003), prepared by DOE project line management and approved by the RL Manager, the designated Approval Authority, on March 20, 2003. The scope of the contractor ORR is described in the contractor ''Plan of Action for the K Basins Sludge Water System Operational Readiness Review'' (FH 2002a) which was prepared by Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project line management and approved by the DOE Richland Operations Office (RL) Manager on December 19, 2002. DOE Order 425.1B indicates that the Secretarial Officer is the Authorization Authority when substantial modifications are made to a Hazard Category 2 nuclear facility. This Authorization Authority has been delegated to the RL Manager by memorandum from Jessie Hill Roberson, dated February 5, 2003 (Roberson 2003). This IP provides the overall approach and guidelines for performance of the DOE ORR. Appendix A contains the Criteria and Review Approach Documents (CRAD), which define the review objectives and criteria as well as the approach for assessing each objective. ORR results will be published in a final report, as discussed in Section 9.4.

IRWIN, R.M.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The effect of operating temperature on open, multimegawatt space power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study addresses reactor powered and combustion powered multimegawatt, burst mode, space power systems to evaluate the effect turbine inlet temperature will have on their performance and mass. Both systems will provide power to space based antiballistic missile weapons that require hydrogen for cooling, and both use this hydrogen coolant as a working fluid or as a fuel for power generation. The quantity of hydrogen needed for weapon cooling increases as the weapon's cooling load increases and as weapon coolant outlet temperature decreases. Also, the hydrogen needed by the turbines in both power systems increases as turbine inlet temperature decreases. When weapon cooling loads are above 40% to 50% of weapon power and weapon coolant outlet temperature is below 300 K to 400 K, the weapon needs more hydrogen than the turbine in either the reactor or combustion powered systems using turbine inlet temperatures consistent with current material technology. There is therefore very little system mass reduction to be gained by operating a burst mode power system at a turbine inlet temperature above present material temperature limits unless the weapon's cooling load is below 40% to 50% or coolant outlet temperature is above 300 K to 400 K. Furthermore, the combustion system's mass increases as turbine inlet temperature increases because oxygen inventory increases with increased turbine inlet temperature.

Edenburn, M.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

An operational waste minimization chargeback system at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, (SNL/NM) has made a commitment to achieve significant reductions in the amount of hazardous wastes generated throughout its operations. The success of the SNL/NM Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Program depends primarily on: (1) adequate program funding, and (2) comprehensive collection and dissemination of information pertaining to SNL/NM`s waste. This paper describes the chargeback system that SNL/NM has chosen for funding the implementation of the Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention program, as well as the waste reporting system that follows naturally from the chargeback system. Both the chargeback and reporting systems have been fully implemented. The details of implementation are discussed, including: the physical means by which waste is managed and data collected; the database systems which have been linked; the flow of data through both human hands and electronic systems; the quality assurance of that data; and the waste report format now in use. Also discussed are intended improvements in the system that are currently planned for the coming years.

Horak, K. [Creative Computer Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Peek, D.W. [Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Stermer, D.; Dailleboust, L.; Reilly, H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Design and operation of power systems with large amounts of wind power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production”has been formed in IEA Wind. The R&D task will collect and share information on the experience gained and the studies made on power system impacts of wind power, and review methodologies, tools and data used. This paper outlines the power system impacts of wind power, the national studies published and ongoing and describes the goals of the international collaboration. There are dozens of studies made and ongoing related to cost of wind integration, however, the results are not easy to compare. An indepth review of the studies is needed to draw conclusions on the range of integration costs for wind power. Stateofthe art review process will seek for reasons behind the wide range of results for costs of wind integration –definitions for wind penetration, reserves and costs; different power system and load characteristics and operational rules; underlying assumptions on variability of wind etc. 1

Hannele Holttinen; Peter Meibom; Cornel Ensslin; Lutz Hofmann; John Mccann; Jan Pierik; John Olav T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix O: Economic and Social Impact.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Appendix O of the Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Columbia River System measures the economic and social effects of the alternative system operation strategies and includes both geographic and methodology components. Areas discussed in detail include the following: purpose, scope and process; an economic history of the Columbia River Basin and its use today including the Columbia River and Socio-economic development in the Northwest and Major uses of the River System; Analysis procedures and methodologies including national economic evaluation, the concepts, analysis of assumptions, analysis for specific river uses, water quality, Regional evaluation, analysis, and social impacts; alternatives and impacts including implementation costs, andromous fish, resident fish and wildlife, flood control, irrigation and municipal and industrial water supply, navigation impacts, power, recreation, annual costs, regional economic analysis. Extensive comparison of alternatives is included.

Columbia River System Operation Review (U.S.)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Manually-Operated Crate Dismantlement System for Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory currently possesses between 500 and 800 fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates that contain hazardous materials that need to be decontaminated. To access the hazardous material, a system is needed to dismantle the crate. Currently, crates are dismantled by workers using hand-held tools. This technique has numerous disadvantages. One disadvantage is that it is difficult for a worker to hold the tool for an extended period of time in the awkward angles and positions necessary to fully size-reduce the crate. Other disadvantages of using hand tools include managing power cords and vacuum hoses, which become entangled or can act as tripping hazards. In order to improve the crate opening and size-reduction task, Florida International University's Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) is developing a manually operated crate dismantlement system. This versatile system is expected to greatly increase worker efficiency while decreasing fatigue and the possibility of accidents. (authors)

Laffitte, John; Lagos, Leo; Morales, Miguel [Florida International University, Miami, Florida (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Effects of construction and operation of a satellite power system upon the magnetosphere  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the final report of an initial assessment of magnetospheric effects of the construction and operation of a satellite power system. This assessment effort is based on application of present scientific knowledge rather than on original scientific research. As such, it appears that mass and energy injections of the system are sufficient to modify the magnetosphere substantially, to the extent of possibly requiring mitigation measures for space systems but not to the extent of causing major redirection of efforts and concepts. The scale of the SPS is so unprecedentedly large, however, that these impressions require verification (or rejection) by in-depth assessment based on scientific treatment of the principal issues. Indeed, it is perhaps appropriate to state that present ignorance far exceeds present knowledge in regard to SPS magnetospheric effects, even though we only seek to define the approximate limits of magnetospheric modifications here.

Chiu, Y.T.; Luhmann, J.G.; Schulz, M.; Cornwall, J.M.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Analysis of operations and cyber security policies for a system of cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices.  

SciTech Connect

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices are installed on electric power transmission lines to stabilize and regulate power flow. Power lines protected by FACTS devices can increase power flow and better respond to contingencies. The University of Missouri Rolla (UMR) is currently working on a multi-year project to examine the potential use of multiple FACTS devices distributed over a large power system region in a cooperative arrangement in which the FACTS devices work together to optimize and stabilize the regional power system. The report describes operational and security challenges that need to be addressed to employ FACTS devices in this way and recommends references, processes, technologies, and policies to address these challenges.

Phillips, Laurence R.; Tejani, Bankim; Margulies, Jonathan; Hills, Jason L.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Baca, Micheal J.; Weiland, Laura

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Hydraulically actuated fuel injector including a pilot operated spool valve assembly and hydraulic system using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to hydraulic systems including hydraulically actuated fuel injectors that have a pilot operated spool valve assembly. One class of hydraulically actuated fuel injectors includes a solenoid driven pilot valve that controls the initiation of the injection event. However, during cold start conditions, hydraulic fluid, typically engine lubricating oil, is particularly viscous and is often difficult to displace through the relatively small drain path that is defined past the pilot valve member. Because the spool valve typically responds slower than expected during cold start due to the difficulty in displacing the relatively viscous oil, accurate start of injection timing can be difficult to achieve. There also exists a greater difficulty in reaching the higher end of the cold operating speed range. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a fluid evacuation valve to aid in displacement of the relatively viscous oil during cold start conditions.

Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Beyond climate-smart agriculture: toward safe operating spaces for global food systems  

SciTech Connect

Agriculture is considered to be climate-smart when it contributes to increasing food security, adaptation and mitigation in a sustainable way. This new concept now dominates current discussions in agricultural development because of its capacity to unite the agendas of the agriculture, development and climate change communities under one brand. In this opinion piece authored by scientists from a variety of international agricultural and climate research communities, we argue that the concept needs to be evaluated critically because the relationship between the three dimensions is poorly understood, such that practically any improved agricultural practice can be considered climate-smart. This lack of clarity may have contributed to the broad appeal of the concept. From the understanding that we must hold ourselves accountable to demonstrably better meet human needs in the short and long term within foreseeable local and planetary limits, we develop a conceptualization of climate-smart agriculture as agriculture that can be shown to bring us closer to safe operating spaces for agricultural and food systems across spatial and temporal scales. Improvements in the management of agricultural systems that bring us significantly closer to safe operating spaces will require transformations in governance and use of our natural resources, underpinned by enabling political, social and economic conditions beyond incremental changes. Establishing scientifically credible indicators and metrics of long-term safe operating spaces in the context of a changing climate and growing social-ecological challenges is critical to creating the societal demand and political will required to motivate deep transformations. Answering questions on how the needed transformational change can be achieved will require actively setting and testing hypotheses to refine and characterize our concepts of safer spaces for social-ecological systems across scales. This effort will demand prioritizing key areas of innovation, such as (1) improved adaptive management and governance of social-ecological systems; (2) development of meaningful and relevant integrated indicators of social-ecological systems; (3) gathering of quality integrated data, information, knowledge and analytical tools for improved models and scenarios in time frames and at scales relevant for decision-making; and (4) establishment of legitimate and empowered science policy dialogues on local to international scales to facilitate decision making informed by metrics and indicators of safe operating spaces.

Gulledge, Jay [ORNL; Neufeldt, Heinrich [ORNL; Jahn, Margaret M [ORNL; Lezaks, David P [ORNL; Meinke, Jan H [ORNL; Scholes, Robert J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Economic Analysis of a Brackish Water Photovoltaic-Operated (BWRO-PV) Desalination System: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The photovoltaic (PV)-powered reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination system is considered one of the most promising technologies in producing fresh water from both brackish and sea water, especially for small systems located in remote areas. We analyze the economic viability of a small PV-operated RO system with a capacity of 5 m3/day used to desalinate brackish water of 4000 ppm total dissolve solids, which is proposed to be installed in a remote area of the Babylon governorate in the middle of Iraq; this area possesses excellent insolation throughout the year. Our analysis predicts very good economic and environmental benefits of using this system. The lowest cost of fresh water achieved from using this system is US $3.98/ m3, which is very reasonable compared with the water cost reported by small-sized desalination plants installed in rural areas in other parts of the world. Our analysis shows that using this small system will prevent the release annually of 8,170 kg of CO2, 20.2 kg of CO, 2.23 kg of CH, 1.52 kg of particulate matter, 16.41 kg of SO2, and 180 kg of NOx.

Al-Karaghouli, A.; Kazmerski, L. L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Method for including operation and maintenance costs in the economic analysis of active solar energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For a developing technology such as solar energy, the costs for operation and maintenance (O and M) can be substantial. In the past, most economic analyses included these costs by simply assuming that an annual cost will be incurred that is proportional to the initial cost of the system. However, in assessing the economics of new systems proposed for further research and development, such a simplification can obscure the issues. For example, when the typical method for including O and M costs in an economic analysis is used, the O and M costs associated with a newly developed, more reliable, and slightly more expensive controller will be assumed to increase - an obvious inconsistency. The method presented in this report replaces this simplistic approach with a representation of the O and M costs that explicitly accounts for the uncertainties and risks inherent in the operation of any equipment. A detailed description of the data inputs required by the method is included as well as a summary of data sources and an example of the method as applied to an active solar heating system.

Short, W.D.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Incorporating Wind Generation Forecast Uncertainty into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the "flying-brick" technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through integration with an EMS system illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems from other vendors.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Ma, Jian; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

434

A Systems Engineering Framework for Design, Construction and Operation of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Not since the International Space Station has a project of such wide participation been proposed for the United States. Ten countries, the European Union, universities, Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, and industry will participate in the research and development, design, construction and/or operation of the fourth generation of nuclear power plants with a demonstration reactor to be built at a DOE site and operational by the middle of the next decade. This reactor will be like no other. The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) will be passively safe, economical, highly efficient, modular, proliferation resistant, and sustainable. In addition to electrical generation, the NGNP will demonstrate efficient and cost effective generation of hydrogen to support the President’s Hydrogen Initiative. To effectively manage this multi-organizational and technologically complex project, systems engineering techniques and processes will be used extensively to ensure delivery of the final product. The technological and organizational challenges are complex. Research and development activities are required, material standards require development, hydrogen production, storage and infrastructure requirements are not well developed, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission may further define risk-informed/performance-based approach to licensing. Detailed design and development will be challenged by the vast cultural and institutional differences across the participants. Systems engineering processes must bring the technological and organizational complexity together to ensure successful product delivery. This paper will define the framework for application of systems engineering to this $1.5B - $1.9B project.

Edward J. Gorski; Charles V. Park; Finis H. Southworth

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Functional requirements for a collaborative platform for power transmission system operators: the case of South Eastern Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic development and the use of technology have led the developed and developing countries to an increasing demand for electrical power to fuel their activities. To respond in that challenge, transmission system operators should be provided with ... Keywords: distribution management system, electrical market management system, energy management system, supervisory control and data acquisition, transmission grids

P. Krommydakis; P. Karampelas; K. Xilogiannopoulos; L. Ekonomou

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

START-3: Operational Evaluations of the ISUS Engine Ground Demonstration Thermionic Power System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

START-3 was a test program conducted in order to demonstrate and characterize the operational performance of the prototype Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) thermionic power system. The test device consisted of a graphite thermal storage uni~ multilayer foil insulation, and sixteen thermionic converters electrically connected in a series array. Several thermal input conditions were achieved during the test, which resulted in measuring converter performance at average converter hot shoe temperatures in the range of 1600 K to 2000 K. Results indicate that the ;hermionic converter; did not perform as weil as expected in the array individual sixteen converters is currently being performed.

Luchau, D.W.; Luke, J.R.; Wyant, F.J.

1998-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

437

Operation and Maintenance Guidelines for Selective Catalytic Reduction Systems: 2003 Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 100,000 MW of coal-fired generating capacity in the United States will be equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems to meet the nitrogen oxides (NOx) limits called for in state implementation plans. In the year 2003, approximately 40,000 MW of capacity is expected to go into operation. Nearly 90,000 MW will be installed by 2004, and the remainder implemented by 2007. Due to the significant commitment by the power industry to SCR technology, EPRI sponsored development of operatio...

2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

438

GTRI Remote Monitoring System: Training and Operational Needs Assessment Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA's) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to identify, secure, recover and facilitate the disposition of vulnerable nuclear and high-risk radioactive materials around the world that pose a threat to the United States and the international community. The GTRI's unique mission to reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide directly addresses recommendations of the 9/11 Commission1, and is a vital part of the President's National Security Strategy and the Global Initiative. The GTRI Remote Monitoring System (RMS) is a standalone security system that includes radiation and tamper alarms, and CCTV; which can be transmitted securely over the Internet to multiple on-site and off-site locations. Through our experiences during installation of the system at 162 sites, plus feedback received from Alarm Response Training course participants, site input to project teams and analysis of trouble calls; indications were that current system training was lacking and inconsistent. A survey was undertaken to gather information from RMS users across the nation, to evaluate the current level of training and determine what if any improvements needed to be made. Additional questions were focused on the operation of the RMS software. The training survey was initially sent electronically to 245 users at the RMS sites and achieved a 37.6% return rate. Analysis of the resulting data revealed that 34.6% of the respondents had not received training or were unsure if they had, despite the fact that vendor engineers provide training at installation of the system. Any training received was referred to as minimal, and brief, not documented, and nothing in writing. 63.7% of respondents said they were either not at all prepared or only somewhat prepared to use the RMS software required to effectively operate the system. As a result of this analysis, a formal training curriculum will be designed and implemented to include several blended learning delivery options. This training will be piloted at RMS sites; initial training will become a required element of RMS installation and refresher training will be considered for sustainability of operations.

Day, Debra E.; Fox, Sorcha

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

439

Externally excited resonant free piston stirling engine thermal amplifier system and method of operation and control therefor  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an externally excited resonant free piston stirling engine thermal amplifier and load system driven thereby which is over damped at all operating load levels and does not freely oscillate. This system and its method of operation consists of: 1.) A variably controlled drive motor coupled with the displacer/piston of the engine; 2.) A controllable power supply coupled to the drive motor to provide variably controlled energizing electric signals to the drive motor; 3.) A device for sensing at least one selected operating parameter of the stirling engine thermal amplifier and load system during operation to drive a load; and 4.) A feedback system which includes a response to the sensed stirling engine thermal amplifier system operating parameter signal for deriving at least one feedback control signal operative to control the energizing electric signals supplied to the drive motor for controlling its operation. These signals then precisely, variably and stably controll the operation of the stirling engine thermal amplifier and load system.

Vitale, N.G.; Dhar, M.

1986-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

Operation of a long-term transient monitoring system in a 138-KV and a 500-KV substation  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the operating performance of automatic transient monitoring laboratories designed to capture fault and transient data on power systems. Laboratories were installed in a 138-kV and a 500-kV substation and operated for more than 25,000 hours over a three-year period. Recorded during this period were 341 events consisting of lightning, switching, and fault transients. These results provide invaluable data on actual transients in power systems to aid power system equipment designers.

Perkins, M.D.; Mauser, S.F.; Mikell, D.C.; Nilsson, S.L.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "operating systems" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Operator control systems and methods for swing-free gantry-style cranes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for eliminating swing motions in gantry-style cranes while subject to operator control is presented. The present invention comprises an infinite impulse response ("IIR") filter and a proportional-integral ("PI") feedback controller (50). The IIR filter receives input signals (46) (commanded velocity or acceleration) from an operator input device (45) and transforms them into output signals (47) in such a fashion that the resulting motion is swing free (i.e., end-point swinging prevented). The parameters of the IIR filter are updated in real time using measurements from a hoist cable length encoder (25). The PI feedback controller compensates for modeling errors and external disturbances, such as wind or perturbations caused by collision with objects. The PI feedback controller operates on cable swing angle measurements provided by a cable angle sensor (27). The present invention adjusts acceleration and deceleration to eliminate oscillations. An especially important feature of the present invention is that it compensates for variable-length cable motions from multiple cables attached to a suspended payload.

Feddema, John T. (Albuquerque, NM); Petterson, Ben J. (Albuquerque, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Integrated operation of a pressurized fixed bed gasifier and hot gas desulfurization system  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this contract continues to be the demonstration of high fuel gas desulfurization of high temperature fuel gas desulfurization and particulate removal using a moving bed process with regenerable metal oxide sorbent. The fuel gas source for test operation is a fixed bed, air blown gasifier located at GE Corporate Research and Development in Schenectady, New York. The demonstration project also includes the design, construction, installation and test operation of a gas turbine simulator which includes a modified GE MS6000 type gas turbine combustor and a film cooled, first stage LM 6000 nozzle assembly. The hot gas cleanup (HGCU) system and the gas turbine simulator have been designed to operate with the full 8000 lb/hr fuel gas flow from the gasification of 1800 lb/hr of coal at 280 psig and 1000 to 1150 F. An advanced formulation of zinc ferrite as well as zinc titanate have been used as the regenerable metal oxide sorbents in testing to date. Demonstration of halogen removal as well as characterization of alkali and heavy metal concentrations in the fuel gas remain objectives, as well. Results are discussed.

Cook, C.S.; Gal, E.; Furman, A.H.; Ayala, R.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Integrated operation of a pressurized fixed bed gasifier and hot gas desulfurization system  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this contract continues to be the demonstration of high fuel gas desulfurization of high temperature fuel gas desulfurization and particulate removal using a moving bed process with regenerable metal oxide sorbent. The fuel gas source for test operation is a fixed bed, air blown gasifier located at GE Corporate Research and Development in Schenectady, New York. The demonstration project also includes the design, construction, installation and test operation of a gas turbine simulator which includes a modified GE MS6000 type gas turbine combustor and a film cooled, first stage LM 6000 nozzle assembly. The hot gas cleanup (HGCU) system and the gas turbine simulator have been designed to operate with the full 8000 lb/hr fuel gas flow from the gasification of 1800 lb/hr of coal at 280 psig and 1000 to 1150 F. An advanced formulation of zinc ferrite as well as zinc titanate have been used as the regenerable metal oxide sorbents in testing to date. Demonstration of halogen removal as well as characterization of alkali and heavy metal concentrations in the fuel gas remain objectives, as well. Results are discussed.

Cook, C.S.; Gal, E.; Furman, A.H.; Ayala, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Case studies of energy information systems and related technology: Operational practices, costs, and benefits  

SciTech Connect

Energy Information Systems (EIS), which can monitor and analyze building energy consumption and related data throughout the Internet, have been increasing in use over the last decade. Though EIS developers describe the capabilities, costs, and benefits of EIS, many of these descriptions are idealized and often insufficient for potential users to evaluate cost, benefit and operational usefulness. LBNL has conducted a series of case studies of existing EIS and related technology installations. This study explored the following questions: (1) How is the EIS used in day-to-day operation? (2) What are the costs and benefits of an EIS? (3) Where do the energy savings come from? This paper reviews the process of these technologies from installation through energy management practice. The study is based on interviews with operators and energy managers who use EIS. Analysis of energy data trended by EIS and utility bills was also conducted to measure the benefit. This paper explores common uses and findings to identify energy savings attributable to EIS, and discusses non-energy benefits as well. This paper also addresses technologies related to EIS that have been demonstrated and evaluated by LBNL.

Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Dewey, Jim

2003-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

445

Architecture and operation of the Z Pulsed Power Facility vacuum system.  

SciTech Connect

The Z Pulsed Power Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA is one of the world's premier high energy density physics facilities. The Z Facility derives its name from the z-pinch phenomena which is a type of plasma confinement system that uses the electrical current in the plasma to generate a magnetic field that compresses it. Z refers to the direction of current flow, the z axis in a three dimensional Cartesian coordinate system. The multiterawatt, multimegajoule electrical pulse the Facility produces is 100-400 nanoseconds in time. Research and development programs currently being conducted on the Z Facility include inertial confinement fusion, dynamic material properties, laboratory astrophysics and radiation effects. The Z Facility vacuum system consists of two subsystems, center section and load diagnostics. Dry roughing pumps and cryogenic high vacuum pumps are used to evacuate the 40,000 liter, 200 square meter center section of the facility where the experimental load is located. Pumping times on the order of two hours are required to reduce the pressure from atmospheric to 10{sup -5} Torr. The center section is cycled from atmosphere to high vacuum for each experiment. The facility is capable of conducting one to two experiments per day. Numerous smaller vacuum pumping systems are used to evacuate load diagnostics. The megajoules of energy released during an experiment causes damage to the Facility that presents numerous challenges for reliable operation of the vacuum system.

Riddle, Allen Chauncey; Petmecky, Don; Weed, John Woodruff

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Intermediate-Scale High-Solids Anaerobic Digestion System Operational Development  

SciTech Connect

Anaerobic bioconversion of solid organic wastes represents a disposal option in which two useful products may be produced, including a medium Btu fuel gas (biogas) and a compost-quality organic residue. The application of high-solids technology may offer several advantages over conventional low-solids digester technology. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a unique digester system capable of uniformly mixing high-solids materials at low cost. During the first 1.5 years of operation, a variety of modifications and improvements were instituted to increase the safety, reliability, and performance of the system. Those improvements, which may be critical in further scale-up efforts using ,the NREL high-solids digester design are detailed in this report.

Rivard, C. J.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Investigation of the Noncondensable Effect and the Operational Modes of the Passive Condenser System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study is performed to investigate the effect of noncondensable gas in a passive condenser system. A vertical condenser tube is submerged in a water pool where the heat transferred from the condenser tube is removed through boiling. Data are obtained for three operational modes of the passive condenser. Degradation of the condensation with noncondensable gas is investigated. The condensation heat transfer rate is enhanced by increasing the inlet steam flow rate and the system pressure. For the condenser submerged in a saturated water pool, strong primary pressure dependency is observed. A boundary layer-based condensation model and a simple condensation model with the interfacial friction factor correlation are developed. The model predictions are compared with the pure steam data, and the agreement is satisfactory.

Oh, Seungmin; Revankar, Shripad T. [Purdue University (United States)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of two alternating current (AC) machines  

SciTech Connect

A system is provided for controlling two alternating current (AC) machines via a five-phase PWM inverter module. The system comprises a first control loop, a second control loop, and a current command adjustment module. The current command adjustment module operates in conjunction with the first control loop and the second control loop to continuously adjust current command signals that control the first AC machine and the second AC machine such that they share the input voltage available to them without compromising the target mechanical output power of either machine. This way, even when the phase voltage available to either one of the machines decreases, that machine outputs its target mechanical output power.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Nagashima, James M. (Cerritos, CA); Perisic, Milun (Torrance, CA); Hiti, Silva (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

449

Incorporating Uncertainty of Wind Power Generation Forecast into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. An assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty - both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures). A new method called the 'flying-brick' technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through EMS integration illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems in control rooms.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Huang, Zhenyu; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

Preliminary definition of the DOE/OCRWM transportation operating system: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This paper is based on the report ''Preliminary Definition of the Transportation Operations System'' and presents a summary of the preliminary definition of transportation operations activities for the cask shipment cycle, commencing with the dispatch of an empty cask, to loading and unloading of cask contents, and preparation of the empty cask for redispatch. It first presents a high-level description of the transportation cycle and then further describes each of the major activities in greater detail. For simplicity of presentation, the highway mode of transport is most often used to describe activities. The reader should keep in mind that the use of other modes will slightly alter the activities and possibly the sequences. Major activities and functions of the system are organized into a first cut of how they could be allocated to specific facilities. The reader should keep in mind that the assignment of functions and the aggregation of these into specific facilities are tasks which have yet to be performed. This paper simply presents a first look at possible groupings of the functions on a facility basis. 12 figs.

Rawl, R.R.; Kline, S.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Exploiting atomic operations for barrier on cray XE/XK systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Barrier is a collective operation used by many scientific applications and parallel libraries for synchronization. Typically, a Barrier operation is implemented by exchanging a short data message that requires demultiplexing, thereby adding ... Keywords: MPI, atomic operations, barrier, collectives, cray, gemini

Manjunath Gorentla Venkata; Richard L. Graham; Joshua S. Ladd; Pavel Shamis; Nathan T. Hjelm; Samuel K. Gutierrez

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Standard guide for mechanical drive systems for remote operation in hot cell facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Intent: 1.1.1 The intent of this standard is to provide general guidelines for the design, selection, quality assurance, installation, operation, and maintenance of mechanical drive systems used in remote hot cell environments. The term mechanical drive systems used herein, encompasses all individual components used for imparting motion to equipment systems, subsystems, assemblies, and other components. It also includes complete positioning systems and individual units that provide motive power and any position indicators necessary to monitor the motion. 1.2 Applicability: 1.2.1 This standard is intended to be applicable to equipment used under one or more of the following conditions: 1.2.1.1 The materials handled or processed constitute a significant radiation hazard to man or to the environment. 1.2.1.2 The equipment will generally be used over a long-term life cycle (for example, in excess of two years), but equipment intended for use over a shorter life cycle is not excluded. 1.2.1.3 The ...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Stochastic Methods for Planning and Operating Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind and Solar Power: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind and solar generators differ in their generation characteristics than conventional generators. The variable output and imperfect predictability of these generators face a stochastic approach to plan and operate the power system without fundamentally changing the operation and planning problems. This paper overviews stochastic modeling challenges in operations, generation planning, and transmission planning, with references to current industry and academic work. Different stochastic problem formulations, including approximations, are also discussed.

Milligan, M.; Donohoo, P.; O'Malley, M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Combined cycle electric power plant having a control system which enables dry steam generator operation during gas turbine operation  

SciTech Connect

A control system for a combined cycle electric power plant is described. It contains: at least one gas turbine including an exit through which heated exhaust gases pass; means for generating steam coupled to said gas turbine exit for transferring heat from the exhaust gases to a fluid passing through the steam generator; a steam turbine coupled to the steam generator and driven by the steam supplied thereby; means for generating electric power by the driving power of the turbines; condenser means for receiving and converting the spent steam from the steam turbine into condensate; and steam generating means comprising a low pressure storage tank, a first heat exchange tube, a boiler feedwater pump for directing fluid from a low pressure storage tank through the first heat exchange tube, a main storage drum, a second heat exchange tube, and a high pressure recirculation pump for directing fluid from the main storage pump through the second heat exchange tube. The control system monitors the temperature of the exhaust gas turbine gases as directed to the steam generator and deactuates the steam turbine when a predetermined temperature is exceeded.

Martz, L.F.; Plotnick, R.J.

1974-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

455

A historical perspective of remote operations and robotics in nuclear facilities. Robotics and Intelligent Systems Program  

SciTech Connect

The field of remote technology is continuing to evolve to support man`s efforts to perform tasks in hostile environments. The technology which we recognize today as remote technology has evolved over the last 45 years to support human operations in hostile environments such as nuclear fission and fusion, space, underwater, hazardous chemical, and hazardous manufacturing. The four major categories of approach to remote technology have been (1) protective clothing and equipment for direct human entry, (2) extended reach tools using distance for safety, (3) telemanipulators with barriers for safety, and (4) teleoperators incorporating mobility with distance and/or barriers for safety. The government and commercial nuclear industry has driven the development of the majority of the actual teleoperator hardware available today. This hardware has been developed largely due to the unsatisfactory performance of the protective-clothing approach in many hostile applications. Manipulation systems which have been developed include crane/impact wrench systems, unilateral power manipulators, mechanical master/slaves, and servomanipulators. Viewing systems have included periscopes, shield windows, and television systems. Experience over the past 45 years indicates that maintenance system flexibility is essential to typical repair tasks because they are usually not repetitive, structured, or planned. Fully remote design (manipulation, task provisions, remote tooling, and facility synergy) is essential to work task efficiency. Work for space applications has been primarily research oriented with relatively few successful space applications, although the shuttle`s remote manipulator system has been quite successful. In the last decade, underwater applications have moved forward significantly, with the offshore oil industry and military applications providing the primary impetus.

Herndon, J.N.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

Development of a hybrid intelligent system for on-line real-time monitoring of nuclear power plant operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nuclear power plant (NPP) has an intricate operational domain involving systems, structures and components (SSCs) that vary in scale and complexity. Many of the large scale SSCs contribute to the lost availability in the ...

Yildiz, Bilge, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

An Operational System for the Remote Location of Lightning Flashes Using a VLF Arrival Time Difference Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational system for the remote location of lightning flashes at ranges of thousands of kilometers is presented. The vertical electric fields of VLF radio atmospherics (sferics), together with time data, are observed at a network of just ...

Anthony C. L. Lee

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Pratt & Whtiney: Homogenous Metals,Inc. (HMI) Case Study: A Case STudy of the UTC Ace Operating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Homogenous Metals Incorporated (HMI) is a pioneer in adopting and demonstrating value from United Technology Corporation's (UTC's) ACE operating system. ACE stands for Achieving Competitive Excellence. The first story is ...

Roth, George

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z