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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

HearthStone Homes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HearthStone Homes Jump to: navigation, search Name: HearthStone Homes Place: Omaha, NE Website: http:www.hearthstonehomes.co References: HearthStone Homes 1 Information About...

2

Comparative energy content of steel during modernization of OAO Northern Pipe Plant steel smelting production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The comparative energy content of open-hearth steel with a scrap- ... production is considered. The structure of steel energy content is revealed in the form of technological ... (TFN) and the main limiting facto...

M. V. Zuev; V. G. Lisienko; A. L. Zasukhin…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Paired Straight Hearth Furnace  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PSH will use two linear tunnel hearth furnaces that share a common translating pallet train and which are aligned in parallel and run in opposite directions. Pellets are loaded...

4

LENNOX HEARTH PRODUCTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LENNOX LENNOX HEARTH PRODUCTS April 1, 2011 Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy Assistant General Council for Legislation, Regulation and Energy Efficiency Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 RE: Regulatory Burden RFI Dear Mr. Cohen: Lennox Hearth Products (LHP) is hereby responding to the Department of Energy's (DOE's) request for information - published at 76 Fed. Reg. 6123 (February 3, 2011) - seeking comment and information to assist the DOE in reviewing its existing regulations to determine whether such regulations should be modified or repealed pursuant to Executive Order 13563 ("Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," issued by President Obama on January 18, 2011). LHP is a leading manufacturer of indoor and outdoor fireplaces, fireplace inserts, free-standing stoves, gas log

5

Steel Winds | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steel Winds Steel Winds Facility Steel Winds Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner UPC Wind/BQ Energy Developer UPC Wind/BQ Energy Location Near Lackawanna NY Coordinates 42.81724°, -78.867542° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.81724,"lon":-78.867542,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

DOE Issues Proposed Coverage Determination for Hearth Products...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Hearth Products DOE Issues Proposed Coverage Determination for Hearth Products December 26, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The Department of Energy has issued a pre-publication...

7

Z Group Steel Holding Zelezarny Veseli | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Z Group Steel Holding Zelezarny Veseli Z Group Steel Holding Zelezarny Veseli Jump to: navigation, search Name Z-Group Steel Holding - Zelezarny Veseli Place Veseli nad Moravou, Czech Republic Zip 698 12 Sector Wind energy Product Czech Republic-based steel making firm. They are diversifying into wind plant and PV plant development. References Z-Group Steel Holding - Zelezarny Veseli[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Z-Group Steel Holding - Zelezarny Veseli is a company located in Veseli nad Moravou, Czech Republic . References ↑ "Z-Group Steel Holding - Zelezarny Veseli" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Z_Group_Steel_Holding_Zelezarny_Veseli&oldid=353435"

8

Comments of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association on the U...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

U.S. Department of Energy's Request for Comment on Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency Testing (75 Fed. Reg. 52892 (August 30, 2010)) Comments of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue...

9

Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco Kobe Steel Ltd Kobelco Jump to: navigation, search Name Kobe Steel Ltd (Kobelco) Place Kobe-shi, Hyogo, Japan Zip 651-8585 Sector Solar Product Japanese steel manufacturer; manufactures PV modules after forming a licensing agreeemnet with RWE Solar. Coordinates 34.757332°, 135.106766° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.757332,"lon":135.106766,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

Steel Winds II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winds II Winds II Jump to: navigation, search Name Steel Winds II Facility Steel Winds II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind Developer First Wind Energy Purchaser Merchant Location Lackawanna NY Coordinates 42.81756607°, -78.86672974° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.81756607,"lon":-78.86672974,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Paired Straight Hearth Furnace-Transformational Ironmaking Process  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

based on the Paired Straight Hearth Furnace (PSH) for iron ore reduction y PSH is a coal and natural gas coke-free process most suitable for American fine concentrates y PSH...

12

Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric Jump to: navigation, search Name Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric Place Minnesota Utility Id 18047 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Controlled Service Rate Commercial Large Power Curtailable Rate Commercial Large Power Interruptible Rate Commercial Large Power Rate Commercial Single Phase Rate Commercial Single Phase Rate with 16 hour Water Heater Control Commercial Single Phase Rate with 8hour Water Heater Control Commercial

13

Preliminary Hazards Analysis Plasma Hearth Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Preliminary Hazards Analysis (PHA) for the Plasma Hearth Process (PHP) follows the requirements of United States Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.23 (DOE, 1992a), DOE Order 5480.21 (DOE, 1991d), DOE Order 5480.22 (DOE, 1992c), DOE Order 5481.1B (DOE, 1986), and the guidance provided in DOE Standards DOE-STD-1027-92 (DOE, 1992b). Consideration is given to ft proposed regulations published as 10 CFR 830 (DOE, 1993) and DOE Safety Guide SG 830.110 (DOE, 1992b). The purpose of performing a PRA is to establish an initial hazard categorization for a DOE nuclear facility and to identify those processes and structures which may have an impact on or be important to safety. The PHA is typically performed during and provides input to project conceptual design. The PRA then is followed by a Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR) performed during Title I and II design. This PSAR then leads to performance of the Final Safety Analysis Report performed during construction, testing, and acceptance and completed before routine operation. Radiological assessments indicate that a PHP facility, depending on the radioactive material inventory, may be an exempt, Category 3, or Category 2 facility. The calculated impacts would result in no significant impact to offsite personnel or the environment. Hazardous material assessments indicate that a PHP facility will be a Low Hazard facility having no significant impacts either onsite or offsite to personnel and the environment.

Aycock, M.; Coordes, D.; Russell, J.; TenBrook, W.; Yimbo, P. [Science Applications International Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States)] [Science Applications International Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Comments of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association on the U.S. Department  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association on the U.S. of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association on the U.S. Department of Energy's Request for Comment on Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency Testing (75 Fed. Reg. 52892 (August 30, 2010)) Comments of the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association on the U.S. Department of Energy's Request for Comment on Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency Testing (75 Fed. Reg. 52892 (August 30, 2010)) The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") has promulgated regulations that appear to subject essentially all vented gas fireplaces-including decorative gas fireplaces certified to the American National Standards Institute ("ANSI") Z21.50 standard-to heating efficiency standards, 75 Fed. Reg. 20112 (April 16, 2010). The Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association ("HPBA") believes that this final rule was ill-considered

15

Oxygen-enriched multiple-hearth sewage sludge incineration demonstration. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxygen-enhanced multiple-hearth sludge incineration was the focus of a five-month joint study by Praxair and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. Testing and demonstration were conducted in Rochester NY, at Monroe County`s Frank E. Van Lare Sewage Treatment Plant. A simple retrofit of high-momentum oxygen lances created a convection hearth in which convective heat and mass transfer with the drying sludge were greatly enhanced, while hearth temperatures were moderated by the wet sludge to prevent overheating. Based on the results of short- and long-term controlled tests discussed in this report, oxygen enhancement of multiple-hearth sludge incinerators can be economically viable, with a savings between $30 and $60 per hour at Van Lare based upon increased sludge throughput and reduced fuel consumption.

NONE

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Dofasco`s No. 4 blast furnace hearth breakout, repair and rescue  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On May 5, 1994, after producing 9.5 million metric tons of iron, Dofasco`s No. 4 Blast Furnace experienced a hearth breakout 250 millimeters below the west taphole. The hot metal spill caused a fire resulting in severe damage and 33 days of lost production. During a 26-day period, electrical wiring, water drainage systems and both tapholes were repaired. Recovery from an unprepared furnace stop of this length, with the deadman depleted is difficult. To aid with the rescue Hoogovens-designed oxygen/fuel lances were commissioned. The furnace recovery began with a lance in each taphole and all tuyeres plugged. Six days after startup the furnace was casting into torpedo cars, and after nine days operation had returned to normal. This incident prompted Dofasco to expand the hearth monitoring system to detect and prevent similar occurrences. During the repair, 203 new thermocouples were installed in the hearth, concentrating on the tapholes and elephant foot areas. These thermocouples were installed at various depths and locations to allow heat flux calculations. This hearth monitoring system has already identified other problem areas and provided valuable information about hearth drainage patterns. This information has allowed them to develop control strategies to manage localized problem areas.

Donaldson, R.J.; Fischer, A.J.; Sharp, R.M.; Stothart, D.W. [Dofasco Inc., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Characterization of U-6Nb ingots produced via the electron beam cold hearth refining process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was undertaken at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to characterize uranium, 6% niobium ingots produced via electron beam melting, hearth refining and continuous casting and to compare this material with conventional VIM/skull melt/VAR material. Samples of both the ingot and feed material were analyzed for niobium and trace metallic elements, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. This material was also inspected metallographically and via microprobe analysis.

McKoon, R.H.

1997-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

18

Contributions of wood ash magnetism to archaeomagnetic properties of fire pits and hearths  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic studies were conducted on a variety of plant ash and ash material from fire pits to investigate the possible contribution of ash to the magnetic signature of hearths. The measurements included magnetic susceptibility, remanence acquisition to saturation (SIRM), alternating field demagnetization of SIRM and remanent coercivity (Brc). We conclude from these studies that wood ash produces fine-grained magnetic iron oxides. These oxides are probably magnetic that is concentrated enough to add to the magnetic signature of hearths and fire pits. At one site (Ellicottville, New York), the ash layer exhibits a magnetic susceptibility that is 22 times greater than a control soil sample from the site. We attribute this large enhancement to repeated burns at the site which continued to add ferromagnetic material to the fire pit. The source of the magnetic material is probably phytoferritin from plants. The variation in the intensity of magnetic anomalies over ancient hearths and fire pits may in part be caused by the magnetic contribution from ash.

Richard G. McClean; W.F. Kean

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

2015-01-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Hearth Products; NOPR  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking and public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for hearth products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on January 28, 2015. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

20

Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Steele Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Steele Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Sublette County, Wyoming Coordinates 42.8138723°, -109.7591675° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Imperfection amplitudes for nonlinear analysis of open thin-walled steel cross-sections used in rack column uprights  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When numerical models are used to predict behaviour of open thin-walled steel cross-sections, the nonlinear analysis results can be influenced by the magnitudes introduced as initial imperfection. At present, a wide range of values is considered in research concerning this topic. This paper explores up to what point the nonlinear analysis results are sensitive to the choice of imperfection magnitudes and attempt to refine the spectrum of magnitudes that should be used. The study focuses on rack uprights (with and without perforations) under compression and the numerical model has been validated with experimental tests conducted by the authors. Three different column lengths have been selected to reproduce a mainly local, distortional and global failure mode, so that coupled instabilities have not to be considered in this case. The results show that the ultimate load and collapse mode are both sensitive to imperfection amplitude, mainly in the case of distortional buckling.

M.M. Pastor; M. Casafont; J. Bonada; F. Roure

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Paired Straight Hearth Furnace  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A coal based dri and molten metal process for long range replacement of blast furnaces and coke ovens

23

AFA Steels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFA Steels Home AFA Steels Home Contacts Goal Advanced Research Material Projects Related Links CF8C-Plus Steels MSTD Corrosion Science & Technology Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Fossil Energy Program ORNL Industrial Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program Distributed Energy Program Comments AFA: Alumina-Forming Austenitic Stainless Steels AFA stainless steels boast an increased upper-temperature oxidation, or corrosion, limit that is 100 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit higher than that of conventional stainless steels. These new alloys deliver this superior oxidation resistance with high-temperature strengths approaching that of

24

Reduction of iron-oxide-carbon composites: part II. Rates of reduction of composite pellets in a rotary hearth furnace simulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new ironmaking concept is being proposed that involves the combination of a rotary hearth furnace (RHF) with an iron-bath smelter. The RHF makes use of iron-oxide-carbon composite pellets as the charge material and the final product is direct-reduced iron (DRI) in the solid or molten state. This part of the research includes the development of a reactor that simulated the heat transfer in an RHF. The external heat-transport and high heating rates were simulated by means of infrared (IR) emitting lamps. The reaction rates were measured by analyzing the off-gas and computing both the amount of CO and CO{sub 2} generated and the degree of reduction. The reduction times were found to be comparable to the residence times observed in industrial RHFs. Both artificial ferric oxide (PAH) and naturally occurring hematite and taconite ores were used as the sources of iron oxide. Coal char and devolatilized wood charcoal were the reductants. Wood charcoal appeared to be a faster reductant than coal char. However, in the PAH-containing pellets, the reverse was found to be true because of heat-transfer limitations. For the same type of reductant, hematite-containing pellets were observed to reduce faster than taconite-containing pellets because of the development of internal porosity due to cracking and fissure formation during the Fe2O{sub 3}-to-Fe3O{sub 4} transition. This is, however, absent during the reduction of taconite, which is primarily Fe3O{sub 4}. The PAH-wood-charcoal pellets were found to undergo a significant amount of swelling at low-temperature conditions, which impeded the external heat transport to the lower layers. If the average degree of reduction targeted in an RHF is reduced from 95 to approximately 70 pct by coupling the RHF with a bath smelter, the productivity of the RHF can be enhanced 1.5 to 2 times. The use of a two- or three-layer bed was found to be superior to that of a single layer, for higher productivities.

Halder, S.; Fruehan, R.J. [Praxair Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States). Praxair Technological Center

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

ITP Steel: Steel Industry Marginal Opportunity Study September...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bandwidth Study October 2004 ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities, September 2000 Steel Industry Technology Roadmap...

26

Steel Industry Profile  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The steel industry is critical to the U.S. economy. Steel is the material of choice for many elements of manufacturing, construction, transportation, and various consumer products. Traditionally...

27

The Steel Scrap Age  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(8, 9) All approaches, except Hatayama et al.,(9) extrapolate recent growths rates in steel consumption,(8) or rely on exogenous GDP projections and a function coupling GDP to steel consumption, as in the World Energy Model(5) and the steel module of the POLES model. ... What trends in regional steel demand and scrap supply follow from a saturation of per capita stocks everywhere in the world? ... The technical challenge of using scrap in more demanding applications is discussed below. ...

Stefan Pauliuk; Rachel L. Milford; Daniel B. Müller; Julian M. Allwood

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

28

Methods of forming steel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one aspect, the invention encompasses a method of forming a steel. A metallic glass is formed and at least a portion of the glass is converted to a crystalline steel material having a nanocrystalline scale grain size. In another aspect, the invention encompasses another method of forming a steel. A molten alloy is formed and cooled the alloy at a rate which forms a metallic glass. The metallic glass is devitrified to convert the glass to a crystalline steel material having a nanocrystalline scale grain size. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses another method of forming a steel. A first metallic glass steel substrate is provided, and a molten alloy is formed over the first metallic glass steel substrate to heat and devitrify at least some of the underlying metallic glass of the substrate.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Iona, ID); Burch, Joseph V. (Shelley, ID)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Process development of thin strip steel casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important new frontier is being opened in steel processing with the emergence of thin strip casting. Casting steel directly to thin strip has enormous benefits in energy savings by potentially eliminating the need for hot reduction in a hot strip mill. This has been the driving force for numerous current research efforts into the direct strip casting of steel. The US Department of Energy initiated a program to evaluate the development of thin strip casting in the steel industry. In earlier phases of this program, planar flow casting on an experimental caster was studied by a team of engineers from Westinghouse Electric corporation and Armco Inc. A subsequent research program was designed as a fundamental and developmental study of both planar and melt overflow casting processes. This study was arranged as several separate and distinct tasks which were often completed by different teams of researchers. An early task was to design and build a water model to study fluid flow through different designs of planar flow casting nozzles. Another important task was mathematically modeling of melt overflow casting process. A mathematical solidification model for the formation of the strip in the melt overflow process was written. A study of the material and conditioning of casting substrates was made on the small wheel caster using the melt overflow casting process. This report discusses work on the development of thin steel casting.

Sussman, R.C.; Williams, R.S.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Success Story: Harrison Steel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study highlights how Harrison Steel leveraged both EPA's ENERGY STAR program and DOE resources to enhance energy efficiency efforts and multiply captured energy savings.

31

Corrosion behavior of the steel used as a huge storage tank in seawater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Open-circuit potential (OCP), polarization curve, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement were used to investigate the corrosion behaviors of high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel and mild ste...

Weiming Liu; Hanqian Zhang; Zhaoxia Qu…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

STEEL: RECENT PUBLICATIONS HAMPSON, G. J., STEEL, R. J., BURGESS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEEL: RECENT PUBLICATIONS HAMPSON, G. J., STEEL, R. J., BURGESS, P. M. and R. W. DALRYMPLE, (in of Siliciclastic Shallow-Marine Stratigraphy. SEPM Spec. Publication 90. STEEL, R.J., CARVAJAL, C., PETTER, A. THOMAS P. GERBER, LINCOLN F. PRATSON, MATTHEW A.WOLINSKY, RON STEEL, JERÃ? MOHR, JOHN B. SWENSON CHRIS

Yang, Zong-Liang

33

Conference on Foundry Steel Melting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... British Iron and Steel Research Association held, at Ashorne Hill, near Leamington Spa, a conference devoted to a consideration of recent scientific developments in melting steel in a manner and ... that of supplying bulk steel for ingot manufacture, and it was the object of this conference to discuss these differences with the view of guiding steel founders in the choice of ...

1949-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

34

Auto/Steel Partnership: Advanced High-Strength Steel Research...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm23heimbuch.pdf More Documents & Publications Overview: STEEL AutoSteel Partnership...

35

ITP Steel: Steel Industry Marginal Opportunity Study September 2005  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The objective of this study is to generate a marginal opportunity curve for the ITP steel subprogram showing the location of the current portfolio compared against all opportunities for steel manufacturing.

36

Copyright 1999 E. Ashley Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ã? Copyright 1999 E. Ashley Steel #12;IN-STREAM FACTORS AFFECTING JUVENILE SALMONID MIGRATION E. Ashley Steel A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor examined this copy of a doctoral dissertation by E. Ashley Steel and have found that it is complete

Washington at Seattle, University of

37

Iron and Steel Energy Intensities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet First Use/Ton of steel End Uses of Consumption Blue Bullet Total End Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet Total End Use/Ton of Steel Boiler Fuel as End Use Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Value of Production Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Ton of Steel Process Heating as End Use Blue Bullet Process Heating Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Process Heating /Value of Production Machine Drive as End Use Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel/Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel /Value of Production Expenditures Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Value of Production

38

Nebraska's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solutions City of Omaha, Nebraska Green Plains Renewable Energy Inc GPRE HearthStone Homes HolyName Housing Cooperation Prime BioSolutions Stephan O. Nellis Retrieved from...

39

ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities, September 2000 ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical...

40

Glass Stronger than Steel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Glass Stronger than Steel Glass Stronger than Steel Stories of Discovery & Innovation Glass Stronger than Steel Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of R. Ritchie and M. Demetriou Highly magnified image shows a sharp crack introduced into palladium-based metallic glass and the extensive plastic shielding, marked by the white shear lines extending out from the crack, prevent the crack from opening the glass any further. Inset is a magnified view of the shear lines (arrow) developed during plastic sliding. 03.28.11 Glass Stronger than Steel A new type of damage-tolerant metallic glass, demonstrating a strength and toughness beyond that of steel or any other known material, has been developed and tested by a collaboration of researchers from Berkeley Lab and Caltech. Drop a glass and it breaks, right? But there's a kind of glass that while

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Wootz Damascus steel blades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wootz Damascus steel blades contain surface patterns produced by bands of cementite particles which are generated in situ as the blades are forged from small ingots. A process for making these blades has recently been developed which involves making ingots in a gas-fired furnace followed by forging to blade shapes. This study presents a series of additional experiments which provide strong evidence that the mechanism responsible for the formation of the aligned cementite bands is similar to the mechanism that produces banded hypoeutectoid steels. That mechanism attributes the selective formation of ferrite bands to microsegregated alloying elements. The results of this study show that the cementite bands will form in ultraclean hypereutectoid steels (P and S levels <0.003 wt. %) by the addition of small amounts of carbide-forming elements V, Cr, and Ti at a combined level of <0.02 wt. %. The results present strong evidence that the cementite bands are formed by a selective coarsening of cementite particles during the thermal cycling of the forging process. The particle coarsening is induced to occur preferentially in the interdendritic regions of the alloys by the very small additions of the carbide-forming elements.

Verhoeven, J.D.; Gibson, E.D. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)] [Ames Lab., IA (United States); Pendray, A.H. [ABS Master Bladesmith, Williston, FL (United States)] [ABS Master Bladesmith, Williston, FL (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Weldability and toughness assessment of Ti-microalloyed offshore steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present study has been carried out to investigate the coarse-grained heat-affected zone (CGHAZ) microstructure and crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) toughness of grade StE 355 Ti-microalloyed offshore steels. Three parent plates (40-mm thick) were studied, two of which had Ti microalloying with either Nb + V or Nb also present. As a third steel, conventional StE 355 steel without Ti addition was welded for comparison purposes. Multipass tandem submerged arc weld (SAW) and manual metal arc weld (SMAW) welds were produced. Different heat-affected zone (HAZ) microstructures were simulated to ascertain the detrimental effect of welding on toughness. All HAZ microstructures were examined using optical and electron microscopy. It can be concluded that Ti addition with appropriate steel processing, which disperses fine TiN precipitates uniformly, with a fine balance of other microalloying elements and with a Ti/N weight ratio of about 2.2, is beneficial for HAZ properties of StE 355 grade steel.

Rak, I.; Gliha, V. [Univ. of Maribor (Slovenia). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center Geesthacht (Germany)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Sandia National Laboratories: stainless steel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stainless steel Sandia-California Partners with Japanese National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Hydrogen-Materials Research On July 26, 2013, in...

44

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Pipeline Steels  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Materials Division Material Measurement Laboratory HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT IN PIPELINE STEELS AJ Slifka, ES Drexler, RL Amaro, DS Lauria, JR Fekete Applied Chemicals &...

45

MECS 2006- Iron and Steel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

46

Iron and Steel (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

47

Friction of wood on steel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis deals with the experimental description of friction between steel and wood materials, specifically laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and pine wood with two… (more)

Koubek, Radek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Effects of corrosion on steel reinforcement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Corroded steel in concrete is a structural issue that plaques concrete structures in coastal regions. Traditionally corroded steel strength is calculated from a distributed area… (more)

Ostrofsky, David

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

DIVISION 05 METALS 05120 STRUCTURAL STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEEL A. Design Considerations 1. Testing and inspection will be required for structural steel work testing and inspection of structural steel work will be contracted for and paid for by the University, regardless of building class. The A/E must specify all testing and inspection of structural steel

50

Steel Innovations Conference 2013 Christchurch, New Zealand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steel Innovations Conference 2013 Christchurch, New Zealand 21-22 February 2013 SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE-FILLED STEEL SANDWICH WALLS AND CONCRETE-FILLED STEEL TUBE COLUMNS M. Bruneau 1 , Y. Alzeni 2 , P. Fouché 2 ABSTRACT Concrete-Filled Steel Plate Sandwich Walls (CFSP Sandwich Walls) can provide a cost

Bruneau, Michel

51

Advanced steel reheat furnace  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy and Environmental Research Corp. (EER) under a contract from the Department of Energy is pursuing the development and demonstration of an Advanced Steel Reheating Furnace. This paper reports the results of Phase 1, Research, which has evaluated an advanced furnace concept incorporating two proven and commercialized technologies previously applied to other high temperature combustion applications: EER`s gas reburn technology (GR) for post combustion NOx control; and Air Product`s oxy-fuel enrichment air (OEA) for improved flame heat transfer in the heating zones of the furnace. The combined technologies feature greater production throughput with associated furnace efficiency improvements; lowered NOx emissions; and better control over the furnace atmosphere, whether oxidizing or reducing, leading to better control over surface finish.

Moyeda, D.; Sheldon, M.; Koppang, R. [Energy and Environmental Research Corp., Irvine, CA (United States); Lanyi, M.; Li, X.; Eleazer, B. [Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Predicting overload-affected fatigue crack growth in steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability of semi-empirical crack closure models to predict the effect of overloads on fatigue crack growth in low-alloy steels has been investigated. With this purpose, the CORPUS model developed for aircraft metals and spectra has been checked first through comparisons between the simulated and observed results for a low-alloy steel. The CORPUS predictions of crack growth under several types of simple load histories containing overloads appeared generally unconservative which prompted the authors to formulate a new model, more suitable for steels. With the latter approach, the assumed evolution of the crack opening stress during the delayed retardation stage has been based on experimental results reported for various steels. For all the load sequences considered, the predictions from the proposed model appeared to be by far more accurate than those from CORPUS. Based on the analysis results, the capability of semi-empirical prediction concepts to cover experimentally observed trends that have been reported for sequences with overloads is discussed. Finally, possibilities of improving the model performance are considered.

Skorupa, M.; Skorupa, A.; Ladecki, B. [Univ. of Mining and Metallurgy, Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Sulphur Springs Valley E C Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley E C Inc Valley E C Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Sulphur Springs Valley E C Inc Place Arizona Utility Id 18280 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Watt HPS Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Double/Steel Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Double/Steel Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Double/Wood Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Double/Wood Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Single/Steel Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Single/Steel Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Single/Wood Lighting 100 Watt HPS - Single/Wood Lighting 150 Watt HPS - Double/Steel Lighting

54

Aluminium Electroplating on Steel from a Fused Bromide Electrolyte  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quaternary bromide bath (LiBr-KBr-CsBr-AlBr3) was used to electro-coat aluminium on steel substrates. The electrolyte was prepared by the addition of AlBr3 into the eutectic LiBr-KBr-CsBr melt. A smooth, thick, adherent and shiny aluminium coating could be obtained with 80 wt.% AlBr3 in the ternary melt. The SEM photographs of the coated surfaces suggest the formation of thick and dense coatings with good aluminium coverage. Both salt immersion and open circuit potential measurement suggest that the coatings did display good corrosion-resistance behavior. Annealing of the coated surfaces, prior to corrosion tests, suggested the robustness of the metallic aluminium coating in preventing the corrosion of the steel surfaces. Studies also indicated that the quaternary bromide plating bath can potentially provide a better aluminium coating on both ferrous and non-ferrous metals, including complex surfaces/geometries.

Prabhat Tripathy; Laura Wurth; Eric Dufek; Toni Y. Gutknecht; Natalie Gese; Paula Hahn; Steven Frank; Guy Fredrickson; J Stephen Herring

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Steel and Aluminum Energy Conservation and Technology Competitiveness Act of 1988. Fiscal year 1993 annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Steel and Aluminum Energy Conservation and Technology Competitiveness Act of 1988 (Act), commonly referred to as the Metals Initiative, was signed into law on November 17, 1988 (Public Law 100-680). The Act, 15 U.S.C. 5101 et seq., has tile following purposes: (1) to {open_quotes}increase the energy efficiency and enhance the competitiveness of American steel, aluminum, and copper industries{close_quotes}; and (2) to continue the research and development efforts begun under the Department of Energy (DOE) program known as the Steel Initiative. Section 8 of tile Act requires the Secretary of Energy to prepare an annual report to Congress describing the activities carried out under the Act during each fiscal year. 15 U.S.C. 5107 In addition, with respect to reports on fiscal years 1993, 1995, and 1997, Section 8 requires a complete summary of activities under the management plan and research plan from inception with an analysis of extent of their success in accomplishing the purposes of the Act. Id. The Metals Initiative is currently supporting six steel industry research and development projects: (1) Superplastic Steel Processing with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; (2) Direct Steelmaking with the American Iron and Steel Institute; (3) Electrochemical Dezincing of Steel Scrap with Argonne National Laboratory and Metal Recovery Industries (U.S.), Inc.; (4) Rapid Analysis of Molten Metals Using Laser Produced Plasmas with Lehigh University; (5) Direct Strip Casting using a single wheel caster with Armco, Inc.; and (6) Advanced Process Control, also with the American Iron and Steel Institute. At the close of the fiscal year, a seventh project, Waste Oxide Recycling with the American Iron and Steel Institute, was selected for inclusion in the Direct Steelmaking project. There are three projects with the aluminum industry. The first, Wettable Cathodes for Alumina Reduction Cells with the Reynolds Metals Company, continues from the prior periods.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Behavior of Scaled Steel-Concrete Composite Girders and Steel Monopole Towers Strengthened with CFRP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior of Scaled Steel-Concrete Composite Girders and Steel Monopole Towers Strengthened with CFRP DAVID SCHNERCH AND SAMI RIZKALLA Cost-effective rehabilitation and/or strengthening of steel. The current research program makes use of new high modulus types of carbon fiber for strengthening steel

57

Safeguards, China, and the Price of Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economic health of the US steel industry has fluctuated enormously over the last ten years. The implementation of steel safeguard tariffs in 2002 brought intense scrutiny by ... March 2005 to test the importa...

Benjamin H. Liebman

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Bridge Spans from a Weathering Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weathering steels, including those unpainted, have come to ... structures. In Russia, such an application of weathering steels began by the end of 1980s. The ... atmospheric and climatic zones, are reported. The

A. D. Konyukhov; E. M. Ruvinskaya

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

OPEN HONE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003040IBMPC00 The Open Host Network Packet Process Correlator for Windows  http://www.github.com/HoneProject/ 

60

Utilization of structural steel in buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Utilization of structural steel in buildings Muiris C. Moynihan Julian M. Allwood...annually is used in the construction of buildings. Making this steel causes carbon dioxide...still delivering the same service from buildings but using less steel to do so. To estimate...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Open Recreation Open Recreation Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 Open Recreation Open Recreation Policy These policies apply to all University Recreation (Cooke Hall 308, Fieldhouse, Student University Recreation and Wellness Field are all locked) defaults to open recreation when there is not a program scheduled. Throughout the semester, facilities are reserved

Amin, S. Massoud

62

Open Access  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Communication » Communication » Open Access Open Access Open access (OA) is the practice of providing unrestricted access via the Internet to peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles. Learn more below... Questions? Open Access Email Open access publishing and publications have experienced substantial growth, expansion and uptake in recent years. What exactly is an open access publication? There are many definitions, but in a nutshell an open access publication is a publication that provides immediately free online access to all users worldwide. This may sound like a tall order, and yet there are to date over 4000 journal publications that fit this definition. The need for this type of access has been driven by the out-of-control costs for scholarly publications. Statistics kept by the Association for Research Libraries

63

Steele County, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4272265°, -97.688456° 4272265°, -97.688456° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.4272265,"lon":-97.688456,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Steele County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

758523°, -93.1779659° 758523°, -93.1779659° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.9758523,"lon":-93.1779659,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

65

CF8C-Plus Steels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CF8C-Plus Steels Home CF8C-Plus Steels Home Contacts Goal Related Links AFA Steels Caterpillar MSTD Corrosion Science & Technology Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Fossil Energy Program ORNL Industrial Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industrial Technologies Program Distributed Energy Program Comments CF8C-Plus cast austenitic steels Phil Maziasz with CF8C-Plus cast austenitic stainless steel Burner housing made of CF8C-Plus steel and designed for the pyrolytic breakdown of carbon particulates trapped in ceramic particulate filters downstream of the burner in a Caterpillar Regeneration System. CF8C-Plus cast austenitic steels are low-cost, high-performance

66

The corrosion performance of high chromium stainless steels and titanium alloys at a reverse osmosis plant in Arabian Gulf seawater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to evaluate the corrosion performance of four high chromium stainless steels and Grade 2 titanium in flowing Arabian Gulf natural seawater. The EIS provided information concerning the changes to the interfacial impedance as a function of exposure time for these alloys. The impedance spectra for all the alloys showed slight changes at the low frequency region over the exposure period. The open-circuit potentials (OCP) of these alloys were also monitored as a function of exposure time. The stainless steel alloys exhibited slight fluctuation in potential around the initial exposure potential. However, Grade 2 titanium initial potential was more active and then gradually shifted towards the noble direction. The linear polarization resistance (LPR) method indicated that Grade 2 titanium exhibited the lowest corrosion rate with respect to the stainless steel alloys. The results of the EIS analysis and OCP indicated that Grade 2 titanium performed better than the four high chromium stainless steel alloys.

Al-Odwani, A.; Al-Tabatabaei, M.; Carew, J.; Al-Hashem, A. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Mr. Fred Steinkuehler Granite City Steel Division National Steel Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Fred Steinkuehler Fred Steinkuehler Granite City Steel Division National Steel Corporation 20th and State Streets Granite City, Illinois 62040 Dear Mr. Steinkuehler: Enclosed please find your copy of the signed consent forms for the radiological survey of the South Plant Betatron Building. In your letter to me of July 21, 1988, you identified several issues regarding the survey and the consent. I would like to address these concerns below. As noted in the consent form, the purpose of our surveys are only to determine if there is any residual radioactive material on the site that is derived from Department of Energy (DOE) predecessor operations. All data collected during the designation survey is to determine the radiological condition of the portion of the site involved in the predecessor work. No

68

Steel project fact sheet: Steel reheating for further processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Steel reheating is an energy-intensive process requiring uniform temperature distribution within reheating furnaces. Historically, recuperators have ben used to preheat combustion air, thereby conserving energy. More recent innovations include oxygen enrichment and the use of regenerative burners, which provide higher preheat air temperatures than recuperators. These processes have limitations such as equipment deterioration, decreasing energy efficiency over time, high maintenance costs, and increased NO{sub x} emissions with increased air preheat temperature, unless special equipment is used. Praxair, Inc., supplier of oxygen and other industrial gases to the steel industry, proposes to introduce an innovative oxy-fuel burner technology (using 100% oxygen) to the steel reheating industry. Oxy-fuel combustion reduces or eliminates nitrogen in combustion air and substantially reduces waste heat carried out with flue gas. Based on technology currently used in the glass, hazardous waste, and aluminum industries, Praxair has developed and patented low temperature, oxy-fuel burners that can be used in high temperature industrial furnaces where temperature uniformity is critical and extremely low NO{sub x} emissions are desired. The technical goal of the project is to demonstrate the use of oxy-fuel burners in a slab reheat furnace while reducing energy consumption by 45% and NO{sub x} emissions by 90% within the converted furnace zones. Successful implementation of this technology also will eliminate the need to periodically replace recuperators and install NO{sub x} removal equipment.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09 Sutton Steele and Steele Co - TX 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SUTTON, STEELE & STEELE CO. (TX.09) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Sutton, Steele & Steele, Inc. TX.09-1 Location: Dallas , Texas TX.09-1 Evaluation Year: 1993 TX.09-2 Site Operations: Conducted operations to separate Uranium shot by means of air float tables and conducted research to air classify C-Liner and C-Special materials. TX.09-1 TX.09-3 TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote TX.09-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Radiological Survey(s): Health and Safety Monitoring TX.09-4 TX.09-5 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

70

Friction Stir Welding of Mild Steel -Tool Durability and Steel Microstructure , H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1" " Friction Stir Welding of Mild Steel - Tool Durability and Steel Microstructure A. De1 , H. K of steel, and extend the calculations to cover consequences on the microstructure of the steel while and the consequences on the physical metallurgy of the steel. Introduction Friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium

Cambridge, University of

71

Ultrasonic thickness measurement of weathering steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The popular and traditional method of measuring thickness over a single time of flight path using the first echo received as the timing mark can make reliable measurements on weathering steel difficult. Multiple-echo measurement is capable of obtaining good, repeatable, and accurate measurements on not only weathering steels but on all metals used extensively today. Corrosion monitoring of weathering steel can be properly carried out provided the measurements taken are reliable.

Cartwright, D.L. [Cygnus Instruments Ltd., Dorchester (United Kingdom)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Emerging Energy-efficiency and Carbon Dioxide Emissions-reduction Technologies for the Iron and Steel Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hearth Furnace 3.4.6. Coal-Based HYL Process- A Syngas basedDRI Plant 3.4.7. Coal-Based MIDREX Process 3.4.8. Fine Ore2008. “HSC Simulations of coal based DR in ULCORED. ”

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Assessing the effect of cement-steel interface on well casing corrosion in aqueous CO2 environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CO{sub 2} leakage is a critical safety concern for geologic storage. In wellbore environments, important leakage paths include the rock-cement and cement-casing interfaces. If the cement-casing interface is filled with escaping CO{sub 2}, the well casing directly contacts the CO{sub 2}. This can cause severe corrosion in the presence of water. This paper studies the effect of steel-cement interface gaps, ranging from 1 mm to 0 um, on casing corrosion. Corrosion kinetics were measured employing electrochemical techniques including linear polarization resistance, open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The experimental results showed that the corrosion of steel is not significant where the gap between steel and cement is small ({le} 100 {micro}m). Corrosion rates are controlled by the diffusion of corrosive species (H{sub 2}CO{sub 3} and H{sup +}) along the interface. In contrast, steel corrosion is severe in a broad gap where the corrosion process is limited only by the reaction kinetics of steel and corrosive species. The threshold leading to severe corrosion in terms of the cement-steel interface size (100 {micro}m) was determined. Our research clarifies a corrosion scenario at the cement-steel interface. Casing steel corrosion is initiated when attacked by corrosive species at the cement-steel interface. For relatively tight interfaces, this results in a slow thinning of the casing and expansion of the interface width. If the gap increases beyond the critical threshold size, the corrosion rate increases significantly, and a potentially damaging cycle of corrosion and interface expansion is developed.

Han, Jiabin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carey, James W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Jinsuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

AC corrosion on cathodically protected steel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This report deals with the effect of alternating current on cathodically protected steel. AC corrosion has become relevant in the offshore industry due to… (more)

Torstensen, Andreas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Biaxial restraint of axially loaded steel cores.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The results from the testing of six short steel specimens are presented in this thesis to represent a portion of a full scale specimen of… (more)

Raddon, Brett Jay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Laser Brazing of Magnesium to Steel Sheet.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The ability to effectively join magnesium alloys to steel will facilitate increased application and use of Mg alloys in the automotive and aerospace industries where… (more)

Nasiri, Ali Mohamad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Doctoral Defense "CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CYCLIC BEHAVIOR OF CORRODED STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doctoral Defense "CHARACTERIZATION OF THE CYCLIC BEHAVIOR OF CORRODED STEEL BRIDGE BEARINGS Chair: Jason McCormick Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering Steel bridge bearings are widely and accommodate movements between the superstructure and substructure. These bearings include steel rocker

Kamat, Vineet R.

78

Spheroidisation of Hypereutectoid State of Nanostructured Bainitic Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spheroidisation of Hypereutectoid State of Nanostructured Bainitic Steel D. Luoa , M.J. Peeta , S can be achieved using this method. Keywords: nanostructured bainite, hypereutectoid steel, spheroidisation, cementite, softening heat treatments 1. Introduction Strong steels sometimes need to be formed

Cambridge, University of

79

Magnetic Flux Leakage Inspection of Moving Steel Sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the process of making drawn and ironed cans out of a steel sheet, non-metallic inclusions such as chemical oxides in the steel sheet may cause cracks. Therefore, steel sheets are inspected before they are draw...

Young-Kil Shin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Mag-Foot: a steel bridge inspection robot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A legged robot that moves across a steel structure is developed for steel bridge inspection. Powerful permanent magnets imbedded in each foot allow the robot to hang from a steel ceiling powerlessly. Although the magnets ...

Asada, Harry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

High Performance Copper-Precipitation-Hardened Steel Semyon Vaynman, Morris E. Fine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steel). The approach taken for developing a tough, strong, improved weldability and weatherability steel

82

Cleantech Open | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Open Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Cleantech Open Name Cleantech Open Address 2395 Broadway Street Place Redwood City, California Zip 94063 Region Bay Area Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 2006 Phone number 888.989.OPEN Website http://www.cleantechopen.com/ Coordinates 37.4863904°, -122.230871° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4863904,"lon":-122.230871,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

83

Nonlinear seismic response analysis of steel-concrete composite frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nonlinear steel- concrete composite beam ele- ment. ”Tests and analysis of composite beams with incom- pleteElementary Behaviour of Composite Steel and Concrete Struc-

Barbato, Michele

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Lightweight Sealed Steel Fuel Tanks for Advanced Hybrid Electric...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sealed Steel Fuel Tanks for Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicles Lightweight Sealed Steel Fuel Tanks for Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

85

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: GHG...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

GHG Inventory Protocols Principles for a Steel Industry Methodology for Reporting Carbon-Related Energy Sources and Raw Materials (PDF 48 KB) Download Acrobat Reader Steel Industry...

86

Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium Parts (AMD-704) Development of Steel Fastener Nano-Ceramic Coatings for Corrosion Protection of Magnesium...

87

Development of 3rd Generation Advanced High Strength Steels ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3rd Generation Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) with an Integrated Experimental and Simulation Approach Development of 3rd Generation Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) with...

88

Substitution of modified 9 Cr-1 Mo steel for austentic stainless steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the current program to develop a high-strength ferritic-martensitic steel. The alloy is essentially Fe-9% Cr-1% Mo with small additions of V and Nb and is known as modifed 9 Cr-1 Mo steel. Its elevated-temperature properties and design allowable stresses match those of type 304 stainless steel for temperatures up to 600/sup 0/C and exceed those of other ferritic steels by factors of 2 to 3. The improved strength of this alloy permits its use in place of stainless steels for many applications.

Sikka, V. K.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Open Issues  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Open Issues Open Issues Open Issues [PATCHED] python/2.7.4 gzip package fails September 24, 2013 by Doug Jacobsen | 0 Comments The modules version of python (python/2.7.4) had a bug in the default gzip python package. This was due to problems introduced in python 2.7.4 and fixed in python 2.7.5. Receiving a TypeError or structError upon opening and reading a gzip'ped file were the phenotypes of this bug. This has been corrected by installing the python 2.7.5 version of gzip.py into our python distribution. 0 comments | Read the full post [FIXED] JGI data loss in /projectb/sandbox area [purge] August 19, 2013 by Kjiersten Fagnan | 0 Comments We have discovered a serious bug in our purge scripts on /global/projectb. The */global/projectb/sandbox* areas are supposed to be immune from the

90

Flux and the Continuous Casting of Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......removed by the cooling water. It is the loss of heat...in the space above the pool of liquid steel. Some...casting is cooled by water jets. The casting then...of liquid steel in the pooL The stage, from the...provided that the overall conservation of energy is satisfied......

D. R. BLAND

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Crevice and pitting corrosion behavior of stainless steels in seawater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pitting and crevice corrosion tests in natural seawater were performed on a series of stainless steels (i.e., S31603, N08904, S32304, S31803, S32520, N08925 and S31266) in order to determine their resistance to these types of localized corrosion. Open circuit potential (OCP) measurements for these alloys show for short exposure times an ennoblement in the OCP. After a certain time, occasional fall and rise in the OCP values was observed, which can be related to nucleation and repassivation of pits and/or crevices on the metal surface. Analysis of the electrochemical behavior and microscopic observations shows that only S31603 and S32304 alloys were susceptible to crevice and pitting corrosion, whereas the remaining alloys exhibited good resistance. Pitting potentials determined by the potentiodynamic technique also show S3 1603 and S32304 are susceptible to pitting corrosion under the experimental conditions used in this work.

Zaragoza-Ayala, A.E.; Orozco-Cruz, R. [Univ. Autonoma de Campeche (Mexico). Programa de Corrosion del Golfo de Mexico

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Automated Steel Cleanliness Analysis Tool (ASCAT)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to develop the Automated Steel Cleanliness Analysis Tool (ASCATTM) to permit steelmakers to evaluate the quality of the steel through the analysis of individual inclusions. By characterizing individual inclusions, determinations can be made as to the cleanliness of the steel. Understanding the complicating effects of inclusions in the steelmaking process and on the resulting properties of steel allows the steel producer to increase throughput, better control the process, reduce remelts, and improve the quality of the product. The ASCAT (Figure 1) is a steel-smart inclusion analysis tool developed around a customized next-generation computer controlled scanning electron microscopy (NG-CCSEM) hardware platform that permits acquisition of inclusion size and composition data at a rate never before possible in SEM-based instruments. With built-in customized ''intelligent'' software, the inclusion data is automatically sorted into clusters representing different inclusion types to define the characteristics of a particular heat (Figure 2). The ASCAT represents an innovative new tool for the collection of statistically meaningful data on inclusions, and provides a means of understanding the complicated effects of inclusions in the steel making process and on the resulting properties of steel. Research conducted by RJLG with AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) and SMA (Steel Manufactures of America) members indicates that the ASCAT has application in high-grade bar, sheet, plate, tin products, pipes, SBQ, tire cord, welding rod, and specialty steels and alloys where control of inclusions, whether natural or engineered, are crucial to their specification for a given end-use. Example applications include castability of calcium treated steel; interstitial free (IF) degasser grade slag conditioning practice; tundish clogging and erosion minimization; degasser circulation and optimization; quality assessment/steel cleanliness; slab, billet or bloom disposition; and alloy development. Additional benefits of ASCAT include the identification of inclusions that tend to clog nozzles or interact with refractory materials. Several papers outlining the benefits of the ASCAT have been presented and published in the literature. The paper entitled ''Inclusion Analysis to Predict Casting Behavior'' was awarded the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Medal in 2004 for special merit and importance to the steel industry. The ASCAT represents a quantum leap in inclusion analysis and will allow steel producers to evaluate the quality of steel and implement appropriate process improvements. In terms of performance, the ASCAT (1) allows for accurate classification of inclusions by chemistry and morphological parameters, (2) can characterize hundreds of inclusions within minutes, (3) is easy to use (does not require experts), (4) is robust, and (5) has excellent image quality for conventional SEM investigations (e.g., the ASCAT can be utilized as a dual use instrument). In summary, the ASCAT will significantly advance the tools of the industry and addresses an urgent and broadly recognized need of the steel industry. Commercialization of the ASCAT will focus on (1) a sales strategy that leverages our Industry Partners; (2) use of ''technical selling'' through papers and seminars; (3) leveraging RJ Lee Group's consulting services, and packaging of the product with a extensive consulting and training program; (4) partnering with established SEM distributors; (5) establishing relationships with professional organizations associated with the steel industry; and (6) an individualized plant by plant direct sales program.

Gary Casuccio (RJ Lee Group); Michael Potter (RJ Lee Group); Fred Schwerer (RJ Lee Group); Dr. Richard J. Fruehan (Carnegie Mellon University); Dr. Scott Story (US Steel)

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Open Issues  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Open Issues Open Issues Open Issues "error while loading shared libraries: libalpslli.so.0" with serial codes on login nodes December 13, 2013 by Helen He | 0 Comments Symptom: Dynamic executables built with compiler wrappers running directly on the external login nodes are getting the following error message: 0 comments | Read the full post Resolved: Running jobs error: "inet_arp_address_lookup" September 22, 2013 by Helen He | 0 Comments Symptom: After the Hopper August 14 maintenance, users reporting get the error message similar as follows occassionaly: 0 comments | Read the full post Resolved: qstat -a does not show correct hours in elpsed time for running jobs July 12, 2013 by Helen He | 0 Comments Sympton: After the Torque/Moab upgrade on 6/19, the elapsed run time display from

94

STEEL PLATE SHEAR WALL BUILDINGS: DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AND RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEEL PLATE SHEAR WALL BUILDINGS: DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AND RESEARCH Michel Bruneau, P.E. 1 Dr. Bruneau is conducting research on the seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing steel bridges, steel of this research, and has co- authored the book "Ductile Design of Steel Structures" published in 1997 by Mc

Bruneau, Michel

95

CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Steel, May 29, Steel, May 29, 2009 CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 May 29, 2009 Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel (HSS CRAD 64-16, Rev. 0) Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel criteria, review, and approach document, observes construction activities and review records and design documentation to assess the quality of structural steel fabrication and erection and to determine if requirements specified by design basis documents, contracts, and applicable codes and standards have been met. CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Steel, May 29, 2009 More Documents & Publications CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Structural Concrete, May 29, 2009 CRAD, Nuclear Facility Construction - Mechanical Equipment - June 26, 2012

96

Tritiated Water Interaction with Stainless Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments conducted to study tritium permeation of stainless steel at ambient and elevated temperatures revealed that HT converts relatively quickly to HTO. Further, the HTO partial pressure contributes essentially equally with elemental tritium gas in driving permeation through the stainless steel. Such permeation appears to be due to dissociation of the water molecule on the hot stainless steel surface. There is an equilibrium concentration of HTO vapor above adsorbed gas on the walls of the experimental apparatus evident from freezing transients. The uptake process of tritium from the carrier gas involves both surface adsorption and isotopic exchange with surface bound water.

Glen R. Longhurst

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

open data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

open data open data Dataset Summary Description This is a non-proprietary subset of DOE's Buildings Performance Database. Buildings from the cities of Dayton, OH and Gainesville, FL areas are provided as an example of the data in full database. Sample data here is formatted as CSV Source Department of Energy's Buildings Performance Database Date Released July 09th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Buildings Performance Database Dayton Electricity Gainesville Natural Gas open data Residential Data application/zip icon BPD Dayton and Gainesville Residential csv files in a zip file (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon BPD Dayton and Gainesville Residential Building Characteristics data (csv, 1.4 MiB) text/csv icon BPD Dayton and Gainesville Residential data headers (csv, 5.8 KiB)

98

Microstructural characterization in dissimilar friction stir welding between 304 stainless steel and st37 steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, 3 mm-thick plates of 304 stainless steel and st37 steel were welded together by friction stir welding at a welding speed of 50 mm/min and tool rotational speed of 400 and 800 rpm. X-ray diffraction test was carried out to study the phases which might be formed in the welds. Metallographic examinations, and tensile and microhardness tests were used to analyze the microstructure and mechanical properties of the joint. Four different zones were found in the weld area except the base metals. In the stir zone of the 304 stainless steel, a refined grain structure with some features of dynamic recrystallization was evidenced. A thermomechanically-affected zone was characterized on the 304 steel side with features of dynamic recovery. In the other side of the stir zone, the hot deformation of the st37 steel in the austenite region produced small austenite grains and these grains transformed to fine ferrite and pearlite and some products of displacive transformations such as Widmanstatten ferrite and martensite by cooling the material after friction stir welding. The heat-affected zone in the st37 steel side showed partially and fully refined microstructures like fusion welding processes. The recrystallization in the 304 steel and the transformations in the st37 steel enhanced the hardness of the weld area and therefore, improved the tensile properties of the joint. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer FSW produced sound welds between st37 low carbon steel and 304 stainless steel. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The SZ of the st37 steel contained some products of allotropic transformation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The material in the SZ of the 304 steel showed features of dynamic recrystallization. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The finer microstructure in the SZ increased the hardness and tensile strength.

Jafarzadegan, M. [Department of Materials Eng., Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of) [Department of Materials Eng., Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, School of Materials Science and Eng., Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box: 150001, Harbin (China); Feng, A.H. [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, School of Materials Science and Eng., Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box: 150001, Harbin (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, School of Materials Science and Eng., Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box: 150001, Harbin (China); Abdollah-zadeh, A., E-mail: zadeh@modares.ac.ir [Department of Materials Eng., Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saeid, T. [Advanced Materials Research Center, Sahand University of Technology, P.O. Box: 51335-1996, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Advanced Materials Research Center, Sahand University of Technology, P.O. Box: 51335-1996, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shen, J. [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, School of Materials Science and Eng., Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box: 150001, Harbin (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, School of Materials Science and Eng., Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box: 150001, Harbin (China); Assadi, H. [Department of Materials Eng., Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Materials Eng., Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

CONSEQUENCES OF THE RE-TRANSFORMATION OF PRECIPITATED ADSTENITE IN FERRITIC CRYOGENIC STEELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUSTENITE IN FERRITIC CRYOGENIC STEELS J. W. Morris, Jr. ,AUSTENITE IN FERRITIC CRYOGENIC STEELS By J. W. Morris,Austcnite in Ferritic Cryogenic Steels J. W. Morris, Jr. ,*

Morris Jr., J.W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China andof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Steel storage racks with locally unstable members.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents comprehensive studies into locally unstable light-gauge steel structures. The aim of this project was to create guidelines for the design of thin-walled… (more)

Trouncer, Adam Nevil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Undergraduate Research: Cory Tamler By: Bruce Steele  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Undergraduate Research: Cory Tamler By: Bruce Steele Physics Today's "10 Most Beautiful Experiments--a staged reading--of Not Eureka was held March 29 in the Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre downtown at 542

Jiang, Huiqiang

103

Boron determinations in pressure vessel steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several studies have suggested that low-energy neutrons contribute to reactor pressure vessel (PV) embrittlement through interactions with boron impurities in the steel. Until now, the available information on boron contents in pressure vessel steels has been based on nominal concentrations or estimates provided by the materials manufacturers. To help resolve the question of boron contribution to PV steel embrittlement, samples of 38 different PV steels were analyzed by high-sensitivity gas mass spectrometry for their helium and boron contents. The boron contents were determined by measuring the increase in helium content in each material as a result of additional thermal neutron exposure. The results of these analyses showed natural boron contents that ranged from 0.23 to 5.11 wt. ppm in the various alloys.

Oliver, B.M. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.; McElroy, W.N. [Consultants and Technology Services, Richland, WA (United States); Kellogg, L.S. [Battelle-Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Farrar, H. IV

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

104

Development of a carburizing stainless steel alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new carburizing stainless steel alloy that resists corrosion, heat, and fatigue has been developed for bearing and gear applications. Pyrowear 675 Stainless alloy is vacuum induction melted and vacuum arc remelted (VIM/VAR) for aircraft-quality cleanliness. Test results show that it has corrosion resistance similar to that of AISI Type 440-C stainless, and its rolling fatigue resistance is superior to that of AISI M50 (UNS K88165). In contrast to alloy gear steels and Type 440C, Pyrowear 675 maintains case hardness of HRC 60 at operating temperatures up to 200 C (400 F). Impact and fracture toughness are superior to that of other stainless bearing steels, which typically are relatively brittle and can break under severe service. Toughness is also comparable or superior to conventional noncorrosion-resistant carburizing bearing steels, such as SAE Types 8620 and 9310.

Wert, D.E. (Carpenter Technology Corp., Reading, PA (United States))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Irradiation Assisted Grain Boundary Segregation in Steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The understanding of radiation-induced grain boundary segregation (RIS) has considerably improved over the past decade. New models have been introduced and much effort has been devoted to obtaining comprehensive information on segregation from the literature. Analytical techniques have also improved so that chemical analysis of layers 1 nm thick is almost routine. This invited paper will review the major methods used currently for RIS prediction: namely, Rate Theory, Inverse Kirkendall, and Solute Drag approaches. A summary is made of the available data on phosphorus RIS in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels. This will be discussed in the light of the predictions of the various models in an effort to show which models are the most reliable and easy to use for forecasting P segregation behaviour in steels. A consequence of RIS in RPV steels is a radiation induced shift in the ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). It will be shown how it is possible to relate radiation-induced P segregation levels to DBTT shift. Examples of this exercise will be given for RPV steels and for ferritic steels being considered for first wall fusion applications. Cr RIS in high alloy stainless steels and associated irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) will be briefly discussed. (authors)

Lu, Zheng; Faulkner, Roy G. [IPTME, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics (United Kingdom)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Open Issues  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Unable to open kgni version file /sys/class/gemini/kgni0/version" error "Unable to open kgni version file /sys/class/gemini/kgni0/version" error April 13, 2011 by Helen He | 0 Comments Symptom: Dynamic executables built with compiler wrappers running directly on the external login nodes are getting the following error message: 0 comments | Read the full post Resolved -- Default version not shown in "module avail module_name" command April 13, 2011 by Helen He | 0 Comments Symptom: The default software version is not shown when "module avail module_name" is issued. For example: 0 comments | Read the full post Job dependencies do not work as expected. Require additional string in job name April 8, 2011 by Katie Antypas | 0 Comments Symptom: submitting jobs which depend on other jobs does not work. 0 comments | Read the full post

107

Open University  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

108

ITP Steel: Theoretical Minimum Energies to Produce Steel for Selected Conditions, March 2000  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The absolute theoretical minimum energies to produce liquid steel from idealized scrap (100% Fe) and ore (100% Fe2O3) are much lower than consumed in practice, as are the theoretical minimum energies to roll the steel into its final shape.

109

White(etching!matter!in!bearing!steel! Part1:!Controlled(cracking!of!52100!steel!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! 1! White(etching!matter!in!bearing!steel! Part1:!Controlled(cracking!of!52100!steel! ! W!phenomena!such!as!the!appearance!of!"white(etching!areas"!or!"white(etching! cracks",!crack!particular!kind!of!microstructural!damage!in!the!form!of!regions!of!the! structure,! which! appear! white! in

Cambridge, University of

110

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White-etching matter in bearing steel Part 2: Distinguishing cause and eect in bearing steel through a mechanism called "white-structure flaking", has triggered many studies of microstructural damage associated with "white-etching ar- eas" created during rolling contact fatigue, although whether

Cambridge, University of

111

EMPLACEMENT DRIFT INVERT-LOW STEEL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical report evaluates and develops options for reducing the amount of steel in the emplacement drift invert. Concepts developed in the ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' were evaluated to determine material properties required for the proposed invert concepts. Project requirements documents prescribe the use of a carbon steel frame for the invert with a granular material of crushed tuff as ballast. The ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' developed three concepts: (1) All-Ballast Invert; (2) Modified Steel Invert with Ballast; and (3) Steel Tie with Ballast Invert. Analysis of the steel frame members, runway beams, and guide beams, for the modified steel invert with ballast, decreased the quantity of steel in the emplacement drift invert, however a substantial steel support frame for the gantry and waste package/pallet assembly is still required. Use of one of the other two concepts appears to be an alternative to the steel frame and each of the concepts uses considerably less steel materials. Analysis of the steel tie with ballast invert shows that the bearing pressure on the ballast under the single steel tie, C 9 x 20, loaded with the waste package/pallet assembly, drip shield, and backfill exceeds the upper bound of the allowable bearing capacity for tuff used in this study. The single tie, C 10 x 20, will also fail for the same loading condition except for the tie length of 4.2 meters and longer. Analysis also shows that with two ties, C 9 or 10 x 20's, the average ballast pressure is less than the allowable bearing capacity. Distributing the waste package/pallet, drip shield, and backfill loads to two steel ties reduces the contact bearing pressure. Modifying the emplacement pallet end beams to a greater width, reducing the tie spacing, and increasing the width of the ties would ensure that the pallet beams are always supported by two steel ties. Further analysis is required to determine compatible tie size and spacing and pallet beam width. Testing is also required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Analysis of the all-ballast invert shows that the waste package/pallet assembly, as currently designed, can be supported by the compacted crushed tuff. The drip shield and related backfill loads cannot be supported by the compacted crushed tuff because of the narrow base angle that currently supports the drip shield. Increasing the width of the base angle of the drip shield will better distribute the drip shield and backfill load to the compacted crushed tuff. Testing is required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Emplacement/retrieval equipment will also require analysis and development to be compatible with the all-ballast invert.

M. E. Taylor and D. H. Tang

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects CONTENTS Introduction to the Certification Docket for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Purpose Docket Contents Exhibit I: Summary of Activities at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Exhibit II: Documents Supporting the Certification of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lackawanna, New York Page 1 1 2 I-l II- 1 _- . . . 111 Certification Docket Bethlehem Steel Corporation Lackawanna, New York Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy, Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action, Division of Remedial Action

113

Development of Next Generation Heating System for Scale Free Steel Reheating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Teh report describes methods of reheating of steel billets and slabs for hot rolling or forging without forming steel scale.

Dr. Arvind C. Thekdi

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

OpenEI:Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Projects are focused efforts to improve some piece of OpenEI. Each Projects are focused efforts to improve some piece of OpenEI. Each effort is coordinated via one or more project pages within the "OpenEI:" wiki namespace. Anyone is free to participate in any projects. If you'd like to start an OpenEI Project, simply create a new project page and link to it in the "Active Projects" section below. OpenEI Projects are largely based on the concept of Wikiprojects in Wikipedia. Active Projects Motion Charts - describes how OpenEI admins can create widgets for motion charts Geographic Pages - developing perfect "place energy profile" pages in OpenEI. Images - collecting energy-related images in the OpenEI wiki. Public Resources - identifying energy datasets and other digital resources that are already public and could be made available in OpenEI.

115

OpenStudio | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenStudio OpenStudio Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OpenStudio Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: openstudio.nrel.gov Cost: Free OpenStudio Screenshot References: EnergyPlus: OpenStudio[1] OpenStudio YouTube[2] Logo: OpenStudio OpenStudio is a free plugin for the Google SketchUp 3D drawing program. The plugin makes it easy to create and edit the building geometry in your EnergyPlus input files. The plugin also allows you to launch EnergyPlus simulations and view the results without leaving SketchUp "OpenStudio is a free plugin for the Google SketchUp 3D drawing program.

116

Opening Remarks  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(TEC) Working Group (TEC) Working Group Transportation External Coordination (TEC) Working Group Presented by: Frank Moussa Frank Moussa Office of Logistics Management Office of Logistics Management February 6, 2008 February 6, 2008 San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas Opening Remarks 2 TEC Mission and Charter * Mission - TEC was formed in 1992 to improve coordination among the Department of Energy (DOE) and external groups interested in the Department's transportation activities * Charter - TEC serves as a mechanism to help provide continuing and improved coordination between appropriate DOE elements, other levels of government, and outside organizations having a responsibility for DOE transportation activities. 3 TEC History * Formed in 1992 * Comprehensive approach - All DOE programs that

117

Conducting polymers and corrosion: Polyaniline on steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polyaniline-coated steel panels were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and electrochemical noise methods (ENM). EIS data for the polyaniline sample was obtained for increasing time of immersion. An increase in charge-transfer resistance (R{sub ct}) with immersion time was observed. ENM data showed that active electrochemical changes occurred during the early stages of immersion. The mean current from ENM exhibited a rather large oscillatory behavior during early stages of immersion, and the mean potential from ENM displayed a tendency toward positive values. Noise resistance (R{sub n}) values also showed initial oscillatory fluctuations, with values that reflected a poor barrier property for polyaniline coating. Tafel plots showed a lower corrosion rate and a more noble corrosion potential for the polyaniline-coated sample as compared to a bare steel sample. Electrochemical data confirmed that significant interactions between the polyaniline and steel occurred during he first 5 days of immersion, but that a continuing interaction occurred throughout the entire immersion period. EIS of a polyaniline/epoxy two-coated system on steel also was carried out. Performance of the polyaniline/epoxy system was superior to that of bare steel coated with epoxy alone.

Tallman, D.E.; Pae, Y.; Bierwagen, G.P. [North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

First Structural Steel Erected at NSLS-II  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ten steel columns were incorporated into the ever-growing framework for the National Synchrotron Light Source II last week, the first structural steel erected for the future 400,000-square-foot facility.

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wyckoff Steel Co - NJ 20  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Also see Documents Related to Wyckoff Steel Co NJ.20-1 - AEC Memorandum; Breslin to Harris; Subject: Uranium Rod Drawing Test at Wyckoff Steel Co.; September 12, 1950 NJ.20-2 -...

120

Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Steels (AHSS) Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analytical modeling of composite steel-concrete frame systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of reinforced concrete or composite steel shapes encased in reinforced concrete (SRC), structural steel beams, and composite beam-column joints. To facilitate the modeling of inelastic deformations in joint regions, a panel element capable of representing joint...

Atahan, Ali Osman

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Eight-year atmospheric corrosion exposure of steels in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric exposures were made of 17 steels at seven sites in China over 8 years. The exposed steels included the most common carbon steels and low-alloy weathering steels. Testing sites covered typical conditions of temperature, subtropical, industrial, marine, rural, humid, and dry environments. Data were regressed, and it was shown that long-term corrosion behavior could be predicted by 4-year exposure data. The environmental factor of humid, hot temperatures was much more important over the long term than the ordinarily acknowledged factors of humidity, sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), and chloride ion (Cl{sup {minus}}) pollution. Apart from the commonly acknowledged effect on corrosion resistance of high phosphorus and copper content, significant effects were observed with variation of copper, phosphorus, and sulfur content in carbon steels and copper-free low-alloy steels in corrosive environments. New ways of developing weathering steels were discussed, and a concept of economic weathering steel was suggested.

Hou, W.; Liang, C. [Ministry of Metallurgical Industry, Wheat Island, Qingdao (China). Qingdao Research Inst. for Marine Corrosion

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation induced plasticity assisted steels: stress or strain affected martensitic transformation? S. Chatterjee and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steels contain a small quantity of carbon enriched retained austenite, which transforms into martensite during

Cambridge, University of

124

Carbon Emissions: Iron and Steel Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iron and Steel Industry Iron and Steel Industry Carbon Emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 3312) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 39.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 10.7% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 22.2 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 1,649 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 7.6% Nonfuel Use of Energy: 886 trillion Btu (53.7%) -- Coal: 858 trillion Btu (used to make coke) Carbon Intensity: 24.19 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 39.9 Coal 22.7

125

Improved Martensitic Steel for High Temperature Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Martensitic Steel Improved Martensitic Steel for High Temperature Applications Opportunity Research is active on the patented technology, titled "Heat-Treated 9 Cr-1 Mo Steel for High Temperature Application." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Overview The operating efficiency of coal-fired power plants is directly related to combustion system temperature and pressure. Incorporation of ultra- supercritical (USC) steam conditions into new or existing power plants can achieve increased efficiency and reduce coal consumption, while reducing carbon dioxide emissions as well as other pollutants. Traditionally used materials do not possess the optimal characteristics for operation

126

Residual stress patterns in steel welds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron strain scanning of residual stress is a valuable nondestructive tool for evaluation of residual stress in welds. The penetrating characteristic of neutrons permits mapping of strain patterns with a spatial resolution approaching 1mm at depths of 20mm in steels. While the overall patterns of the residual stress tensor in a weld are understood, the detailed patterns depend on welding process parameters and the effects of solid state transformation. The residual strain profiles in two multi-pass austenitic welds and a ferritic steel weld are presented. The stress-free lattice parameters within the fusion zone and the adjacent heat affected zone in the two austenitic welds show that the interpretation of residual stress from strains are affected by welding parameters. An interpretation of the residual strain pattern in the ferritic steel plate can be made using the strain measurements of a Gleeble test bar which has undergone the solid state austenite decomposition.

Spooner, S.; Hubbard, C.R.; Wang, X.L.; David, S.A.; Holden, T.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Root, J.H.; Swainson, I. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, ON (Canada)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Thermophysical properties of stainless steel foils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evacuated panel superinsulations with very high center-of-panel thermal resistances are being developed for use in refrigerators/freezers. Attainment of high resistances relies upon the maintenance of low vacuum levels by the use of stainless steel vacuum jackets. However, the metal jackets also present a path for heat conduction around the high resistance fillers. This paper presents results of a study of the impact of metal vacuum jackets on the overall thermal performance of vacuum superinsulations when incorporated into the walls and doors of refrigerators/freezers. Results are presented on measurements of the thermophysical properties of several types and thicknesses of stainless steel foils that were being considered for application in superinsulations. A direct electrical heating method was used for simultaneous measurements of the electrical resistivity, total hemispherical emittance, and thermal conductivity of the foils. Results are also presented on simulations of the energy usage of refrigerators/freezers containing stainless-steel-clad vacuum superinsulations.

Wilkes, K.E.; Strizak, J.P.; Weaver, F.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Besser, J.E.; Smith, D.L. [Aladdin Industries, Inc. (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

OpenMP Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

some useful OpenMP resources and tutorials: Official OpenMP Web Site: OpenMP standards, API specifications, tutorials, forums, and a lot more other information and resources. Tim...

129

Enhanced Incluison Removal from Steel in the Tundish  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to develop an effective chemical filtering system for significantly reducing the content of inclusion particles in the steel melts exiting the tundish for continuous casting. This project combined a multi-process approach that aimed to make significant progress towards an "inclusion free" steel by incorporating several interdependent concepts to reduce the content of inclusions in the molten steel exiting the tundish for the caster. The goal is to produce "cleaner" steel.

R.C. Bradt; M.A.R. Sharif

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Iron and steel industry process model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The iron and steel industry process model depicts expected energy-consumption characteristics of the iron and steel industry and ancillary industries for the next 25 years by means of a process model of the major steps in steelmaking, from ore mining and scrap recycling to the final finishing of carbon, alloy, and stainless steel into steel products such as structural steel, slabs, plates, tubes, and bars. Two plant types are modeled: fully integrated mills and mini-mills. User-determined inputs into the model are as follows: projected energy and materials prices; projected costs of capacity expansion and replacement; energy-conserving options, both operating modes and investments; the internal rate of return required on investment; and projected demand for finished steel. Nominal input choices in the model for the inputs listed above are as follows: National Academy of Sciences Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems Demand Panel nominal energy-price projections for oil, gas, distillates, residuals, and electricity and 1975 actual prices for materials; actual 1975 costs; new technologies added; 15% after taxes; and 1975 actual demand with 1.5%/y growth. The model reproduces the base-year (1975) actual performance of the industry; then, given the above nominal input choices, it projects modes of operation and capacity expansion that minimize the cost of meeting the given final demands for each of 5 years, each year being the midpoint of a 5-year interval. The output of the model includes the following: total energy use and intensity (Btu/ton) by type, by process, and by time period; energy conservation options chosen; utilization rates for existing capacity; capital-investment decisions for capacity expansion.

Sparrow, F.T.; Pilati, D.; Dougherty, T.; McBreen, E.; Juang, L.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Infrared and Raman spectoscopy study, of the corrosion products, on carbon steel and weathering steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Infrared and Raman spectroscopy are two analytical tools which have recently been applied to the study of corrosion products formed on metal surfaces. The two techniques are complementary and give structural information similar to that provided by X-ray and electron diffraction. However, they are unlike X-ray and electron diffraction in that they do not require crystalline solids to provide structural identification. Wheathering steels are an important class of metals which form noncrystalline corrosion products. This report describes infrared and Raman spectra obtained from a weathering steel and compares the spectra to those obtained for carbon steel which had been exposed to the same environment.

Fabis, P.; Brown, T.; Heidersbach, R.; Rockett, T.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Investigation of distortional buckling of cold-formed steel sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigation of distortional buckling of cold-formed steel sections Researcher: Chong Ren Supervisors: Dr Long-yuan Li Dr Jian Yang Aims and Objectives Thin-walled, cold-formed steel sections considered to be the most popular products and account for a substantial proportion of cold-formed steel

Birmingham, University of

133

HOW MUCH INFLUENCE DOES CONSTRUCTION HAVE ON CURVED STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOW MUCH INFLUENCE DOES CONSTRUCTION HAVE ON CURVED STEEL BRIDGES? RESULTS FROM EXPERIMENTAL UNIVERSITY IBC-00-58 Keywords: curved, steel, girder, bridge, construction, erection, fabrication, testing and analytical research program to study curved steel bridge behavior. The program centered on testing a series

134

Water Modeling of Steel Flow, Air Entrainment and Filtration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Modeling of Steel Flow, Air Entrainment and Filtration Christoph Beckermann Associate Beckermann, C., "Water Modeling of Steel Flow, Air Entrainment and Filtration," in Proceedings of the 46th, 1992. #12;Abstract This paper presents an analysis of water modeling of steel pouring to study (1) air

Beckermann, Christoph

135

6 - Modelling phase transformations in steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter discusses aspects of the physical and numerical modelling of phase transformations in steels. The basic features of these phase transformations are described. Dilatometric tests, which are performed to identify the parameters of phase transformation models, are explained. Four models of phase transformations of various complexity and various predictive capability are described. The chapter includes a case study of the simulation and optimization of two industrial processes for dual-phase steel strips: laminar cooling after hot rolling, and cooling after continuous annealing.

M. Pietrzyk; R. Kuziak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Exploratory study on H13 steel dies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrahigh-strength H13 steel is a recommended die material for aluminum die casting; dies made from H13 steel can be safely water- cooled during hot working operations without cracking. However, after time the dies exhibited surface cracking and excessive wear. Erosive wear also occurs owing to high pressure injection of molten Al. An exploratory study was made of the causes for surface cracking of H13 dies. Results suggest that surface cracking is caused by interrelated factors, internal to the die material as well as externally induced conditions.

Sunwoo, A.J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

California Clean Tech Open | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Open Jump to: navigation, search Name California Clean Tech Open Place Palo Alto, California Zip 95306 Product Non-profit group that provides resources, education and support for clean tech entrepreneurs. Activities include the Annual Business Plan Competition, Mentoring, Sustainability Workshops, a series of Public Symposia and Resource Directory. References California Clean Tech Open[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. California Clean Tech Open is a company located in Palo Alto, California . References ↑ "California Clean Tech Open" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=California_Clean_Tech_Open&oldid=343151

138

OpenEI:Marketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

following images for the OpenEI logo and its variants. Blank images are transparent, white variants that will show up on dark backgrounds. OpenEI logo horizontal name 1...

139

Open Issues  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resolved -- Error Message: "ModuleCmd_Switch.c(172):ERROR:152: Module Resolved -- Error Message: "ModuleCmd_Switch.c(172):ERROR:152: Module 'PrgEnv---cray' is currently not loaded" June 28, 2012 by Helen He | 2 Comments Symptom: User batch jobs with "#PBS -V" in the script are seeing an error message: "ModuleCmd_Switch.c(172):ERROR:152: Module 'PrgEnv---cray' is currently not loaded". This is caused by overwriting the default Cray Programming Environment from Cray to PGI. This message can also be seen with "script" on the login nodes, and "nodestat" on the MOM nodes. User jobs without "#PBS -V" do not trigger this error message. Solution: ignore as harmless. 2 comments | Read the full post Resolved: pgi/12.4.0 has link error with OpenMP when perftools/5.3.x is

140

October 14 WA Division Newsletter Page 4 Tool durability and steel microstructure in friction stir welding of mild steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 14 WA Division Newsletter Page 4 Tool durability and steel microstructure in friction stir welding of mild steel A. De1 , H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia2 and T. DebRoy3 1 Indian Institute of Technology- ium alloys has been applied to the FSW of steel. The calculations were extended to predict

Cambridge, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Investigation into laser cladding of steel-titanium carbide powder mixtures on a steel substrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of the main parameters of laser cladding (the laser radiation power, the scanning speed of the laser beam over the treated surface, the consumption of the cladding material (steel SPN14A7M5-titanium...

V. K. Narva; A. V. Marants; Zh. A. Sentyurina

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Atmospheric corrosion data of weathering steels. A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Extensive information on the atmospheric corrosion of weathering steel has been published in the scientific literature. The contribution of the present work is to provide a bibliographic review of the reported information, which mostly concerns the weathering steel ASTM A-242. This review addresses issues such as rust layer stabilisation times, steady-state steel corrosion rates, and situations where the use of unpainted weathering steel is feasible. It also analyses the effect of exposure conditions. Finally it approaches the important matter of predicting the long-term behaviour of weathering steel reviewing the different prediction models published in the literature.

M. Morcillo; B. Chico; I. Díaz; H. Cano; D. de la Fuente

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Must we use ferritic steel in TBM?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mock-ups of DEMO breeding blankets, called Test Blanket Modules (TBMs), inserted and tested in ITER in dedicated equatorial ports directly facing the plasma, are expected to provide the first experimental answers on the necessary performance of the corresponding DEMO breeding blankets. Several DEMO breeding blanket designs have been studied and assessed in the last 20 years. At present, after considering various coolant and breeder combinations, all the TBM concepts proposed by the seven ITER Parties use Reduced-Activation Ferritic/Martensitic (RAFM) steel as the structural material. In order to perform valuable tests in ITER, the TBMs are expected to use the same structural material as corresponding DEMO blankets. However, due to the fact that this family of steels is ferromagnetic, their presence in the ITER vacuum vessel will create perturbations of the ITER magnetic fields that could reduce the quality of the plasma confinement during H-mode. As a consequence, a legitimate question has been raised on the necessity of using RAFM steel for TBMs structural material in ITER. By giving a short description of the main TBM testing objectives in ITER and assessing the consequences of not using such a material, this paper gives a comprehensive answer to this question. According to the working group author of the study, the use of RAFM steel as structural material for TBM is judged mandatory.

Salavy, Jean-Francois; Boccaccini, Lorenzo V.; Chaudhuri, Paritosh; Cho, Seungyon; Enoeda, Mikio; Giancarli, Luciano; Kurtz, Richard J.; Luo, Tian Y.; Rao, K. Bhanu Sankara; Wong, Clement

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

144

Carbide Precipitation in Steel Weld Metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbide Precipitation in Steel Weld Metals www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans #12 diffusion into austenite Carbon diffusion into austenite and carbide precipitation in ferrite Carbide precipitation from austenite CASE 2: elimination of carbides #12;#12;#12;0.110.090.070.050.03 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Cambridge, University of

145

On the Swelling Resistance of Ferritic Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article On the Swelling Resistance of Ferritic Steel E. A...associated with void swelling resistance in FV448 martensitic stainless...and the associated swelling resistance in such b.c.c. materials is due to the relative rates...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Bond Strength of Grade 100 Reinforcing Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bond strength of Grade 100 ASTM A 1035 reinforcing steel manufactured by MMFX Technologies Corp. is evaluated with respect to bond strength equations found in ACI 318-05 and ACI 408R-03. Test specimens are fullscale beam-splice specimens tested...

Miller, Shelby

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

147

The effect of iron dilution on strength of nickel/steel and Monel/steel welds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The weld strength, as a function of iron content, for nickel/steel and Monel/steel welds was determined. Samples were prepared using a Gas Metal Arc (GMAW) automatic process to weld steel plate together with nickel or Monel to produce a range of iron contents typical of weld compositions. Tensile specimens of each iron content were tested to obtain strength and ductility measurements for that weld composition. Data indicate that at iron contents of less than 20% iron in a nickel/steel weld, the weld fails at the weld interface, due to a lack of fusion. Between 20% and 35% iron, the highest iron dilution that could be achieved in a nickel weld, the welds were stronger than the steel base metal. This indicates that a minimum amount of iron dilution (20%) is necessary for good fusion and optimum strength. On the other hand for Monel/steel welds, test results showed that the welds had good strength and integrity between 10% and 27% iron in the weld. Above 35% iron, the welds have less strength and are more brittle. The 35% iron content also corresponds to the iron dilution in Monel welds that has been shown to produce an increase in corrosion rate. This indicates that the iron dilution in Monel welds should be kept below 35% iron to maximize both the strength and corrosion resistance. 2 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Fout, S.L.; Wamsley, S.D.

1983-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

148

Corrosion-resistant tube materials for extended life of openings in recovery boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The corrosive conditions causing rapid corrosion of Type 304L stainless steel in tube openings have been duplicated in the laboratory. Alternate materials also have been tested, and some show improved corrosion resistance over Type 304L. Alloy 825 and Alloy 625 composite tubing and Alloy 600 and Alloy 625 weld overlay materials all show promise as a replacement for Type 304L in tube openings. All recovery boilers designed or operated at 8.375 MPa (1,200 psi) and above should consider using these replacement materials for tube openings.

Paul, L.D.; Danielson, M.J.; Harper, S.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research and Development Div.); Barna, J.L. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Barberton, OH (United States). Fossil Power Div.)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

linked open data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

linked open data linked open data Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 10 October, 2012 - 08:20 LOD Workshop Invitation Event linked open data LOD Open Data workshop Update the invitation (attached). It now features a link to the public facing wiki page.Upload Files: application/pdf icon LOD Workshop Invitation Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 8 October, 2012 - 15:42 LOD Workshop Invitation Event linked open data LOD Open Data workshop The latest invitation.Upload Files: application/pdf icon lod_workshop_invitation.pdf Linked Open Data Workshop in Washington, D.C. Description: A group organizing the LOD workshop in Washington, D.C. in fall 2012 A follow-up event to the successful LOD Workshop held in Abu Dhabi last January, this event aims to bring together key parties in the states, to

150

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12 Guterl Specialty Steel - NY 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Guterl Specialty Steel, NY Alternate Name(s): Simonds Saw and Steel Co. Guterl Steel Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. NY.12-1 NY.12-2 Location: Ohio Street and Route 95, Lockport, New York NY.12-12 Historical Operations: Performed rolling mill operations on natural uranium and thorium metal. NY.12-6 NY.12-7 Eligibility Determination: NY.12-11 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NY.12-1 NY.12-4 NY.12-8 NY.12-9 NY.12-12 Site Status: Cleanup pending by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. NY.12-10 NY.12-11 USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to Guterl Specialty Steel, NY NY.12-1 - ORNL Letter; Cottrell to Turi; Radiological Survey of the

151

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR AL-TECHSPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AL-TECHSPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION AL-TECHSPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION (THEFoRMERALLEGHENY-LUDLUMSTEELCORPORATION) WATERVLIET,NEWYORK,ANDOFFSITEPROPER?YIN DUNKIRK,NEWYORK Department of Energy Office of Nuciear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects CONTENTS Page Introduction to the Certification Docket for the Al-Tech Specialty Steel Corporation, (the Former Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corporation) Watervliet, New York, and Offsite Property in Dunkirk, New York Purpose Docket Contents Exhibit I: Summary of Activities at the Al-Teen Specialty Steel Corporation, (the Former Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corporation) Watervliet, New York, and Offsite Property in Dunkirk, New York Exhibit II: Documents Supporting the Certification of the Al-Tech Specialty Steel Corporation,

152

Corrosion of 304 stainless steel in molten-carbonate fuel cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The corrosion behavior of 304 stainless steel was characterized with cyclic voltammetry in a eutectic Li/K and Li/Na carbonate melt under anode and cathode gas of the molten-carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The corrosion rate of 304 steel was determined in four different environments of the MCFC with electrochemical methods and from cross-sectional analysis of corrosion layers. These four environments were open-circuit and MCFC-load conditions both under anode and cathode gas. At open-circuit conditions corrosion was more severe under the oxidizing cathode gas then under the reducing anode gas. On the contrary, at load conditions corrosion was more severe under anode than under cathode gas. The anodic polarization under anode gas enhances corrosion, whereas the high anodic polarization under cathode gas leads to anodic protection. Corrosion currents were measured with chronoamperometry and determined with Tafel extrapolation from quasi-stationary polarization-curve measurements. The difference between the corrosion layer thickness estimated from these corrosion currents and the corrosion layer thickness determined from cross-sectional analysis is mainly die to contributing currents of either the MCFC-anode gas reaction under anode gas or the MCFC-cathode gas reaction under cathode gas.

Keijzer, M.; Hemmes, K.; Put, P.J.J.M. van der; Schoonman, J.; Wit, J.H.W. de [Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)] [Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands); Lindbergh, G. [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden)] [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete. Corrosion of mild steel bars in concrete and its effect on steel-concrete bond strength.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis reports on the research outcome of corrosion mechanism and corrosion rate of mild steel in different environments (saline, alkaline solutions and concrete media)… (more)

Abosrra, L. R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensitycomparisons of steel production energy efficiency and CO 2

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

OpenBarter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenBarter OpenBarter Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: openBarter Agency/Company /Organization: Olivier Chaussavoine Focus Area: Economic Development Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application, Website Website: olivierch.github.io/openBarter/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): International Language: English References: openbarter[1] openbarter-github[2] A market mechanism allowing economy of ressources (energy, water, wastes, etc. ) independently of financial markets. It is the core mechanism of a market based on barter that perform competition without the requirement of a central currency to express price. Overview openBarter is the central part of a barter market extending mechanisms of a regular market ( central limit order book - CLOB). From quantities offered

156

JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING / OCTOBER 2000 / 1113 SEISMIC RESPONSE OF EXTERIOR RC COLUMN-TO-STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING / OCTOBER 2000 / 1113 SEISMIC RESPONSE OF EXTERIOR RC COLUMN-TO-STEEL: The inelastic cyclic response of hybrid connections consisting of RC columns and steel beams (RCS) is studied of the steel beams, steel band plates or cover plates surrounding the joint region, steel fiber concrete

Parra-Montesinos, Gustavo J.

157

Steel Creek fish, L-Lake/Steel Creek Biological Monitoring Program, January 1986--December 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) encompasses 300 sq mi of the Atlantic Coastal plain in west-central South Carolina. The Savannah River forms the western boundary of the site. Five major tributaries of the Savannah River -- Upper Three Runs Creek, Four Mile Creek, Pen Branch, Steel Creek, and Lower Three Runs Creek -- drain the site. All but Upper Three Runs Creek receive, or in the past received, thermal effluents from nuclear production reactors. In 1985, L Lake, a 400-hectare cooling reservoir, was built on the upper reaches of Steel Creek to receive effluent from the restart of L-Reactor, and protect the lower reaches from thermal impacts. The lake has an average width of approximately 600 m and extends along the Steel Creek valley approximately 7000 m from the dam to the headwaters. Water level is maintained at a normal pool elevation of 58 m above mean sea level by overflow into a vertical intake tower that has multilevel discharge gates. The intake tower is connected to a horizontal conduit that passes through the dam and releases water into Steel Creek. The Steel Creek Biological Monitoring Program was designed to meet environmental regulatory requirements associated with the restart of L-Reactor and complements the Biological Monitoring Program for L Lake. This extensive program was implemented to address portions of Section 316(a) of the Clean Water Act. The Department of Energy (DOE) must demonstrate that the operation of L-Reactor will not significantly alter the established aquatic ecosystems.

Sayers, R.E. Jr.; Mealing, H.G. III [Normandeau Associates, Inc., New Ellenton, SC (United States)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Microstructure/property relationships in dissimilar welds between duplex stainless steels and carbon steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metallurgical characteristics, toughness and corrosion resistance of dissimilar welds between duplex stainless steel Alloy 2205 and carbon steel A36 have been evaluated. Both duplex stainless steel ER2209 and Ni-based Alloy 625 filler metals were used to join this combination using a multipass, gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process. Defect-free welds were made with each filler metal. The toughness of both the 625 and 2209 deposits were acceptable, regardless of heat input. A narrow martensitic region with high hardness was observed along the A36/2209 fusion boundary. A similar region was not observed in welds made with the 625 filler metal. The corrosion resistance of the welds made with 2209 filler metal improved with increasing heat input, probably due to higher levels of austenite and reduced chromium nitride precipitation. Welds made with 625 exhibited severe attack in the root pass, while the bulk of the weld was resistant. This investigation has shown that both filler metals can be used to joint carbon steel to duplex stainless steels, but that special precautions may be necessary in corrosive environments.

Barnhouse, E.J. [Weirton Steel Corp., WV (United States); Lippold, J.C. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Influence of spraying parameters on the electrochemical behaviour of HVOF thermally sprayed stainless steel coatings in 3.4% NaCl  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stainless steel coatings obtained by High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) were characterized using optical (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe micro-analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), open-circuit potential (EOC) measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarisation tests. Differences among coated steels were mainly related with the gun-substrate distance parameter (310 mm for samples A and B and 260 mm for C and D). The open-circuit potential values measured for all the samples after 18 h of immersion in aerated and unstirred 3.4% NaCl solution were: ? 0.334, ? 0.360, ? 0.379 and ? 0.412 V vs. Ag/AgCl,KClsat. for samples A to D, respectively. For EIS measurements, Nyquist plots showed higher capacitive semi-circle for samples sprayed at longer distance, indicating higher corrosion resistance in NaCl solution.

J.M. Guilemany; J. Fernández; N. Espallargas; P.H. Suegama; A.V. Benedetti

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Southwestern Public Service Co (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co (Texas) Co (Texas) (Redirected from Xcel Energy Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Southwestern Public Service Co Place Texas Utility Id 17718 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1]Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 22000 HPS All Types Lighting 30' Steel Pole Underground Lighting 30' Steele Pole Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Southwestern Public Service Co (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Texas) (Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Southwestern Public Service Co Place Texas Utility Id 17718 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1]Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 22000 HPS All Types Lighting 30' Steel Pole Underground Lighting 30' Steele Pole Lighting 30' wood pole underground Lighting

162

Kit Carson Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kit Carson Electric Coop, Inc Kit Carson Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Kit Carson Electric Coop, Inc Place New Mexico Utility Id 10378 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Service Commercial Interruptible Power Service - Interruption After Notice Period Commercial Irrigation Power service Residential Lighting Service - Metered Steel or Fiberglass pole - 400W M.V or 400 W HPS Lighting Lighting Service - Metered Steel or Fiberglass pole - 175W M.V or 100 W HPS

163

Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Elec Coop, Inc Valley Elec Coop, Inc Place New Mexico Utility Id 3287 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cotton Gin Rate Industrial Irrigation Rate Large Commercial up to 1000 kW Commercial Large Power Service Greater 1000 kW Industrial Oil Well Rate Industrial Renewable Energy Rate Rider Residential Rate Residential SL- 1000 Watt MV 425 kWh (Steele Pole Overhead) Lighting SL- 1000 Watt MV 425 kWh (Steele Pole Underground) Lighting

164

Apparatus and method for producing fragment-free openings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for explosively penetrating hardened containers such as steel drums without producing metal fragmentation is disclosed. The apparatus can be used singularly or in combination with water disrupters and other disablement tools. The apparatus is mounted in close proximity to the target and features a main sheet explosive that is initiated at least three equidistant points along the sheet's periphery. A buffer material is placed between the sheet explosive and the target. As a result, the metallic fragments generated from the detonation of the detonator are attenuated so that no fragments from the detonator are transferred to the target. As a result, an opening can be created in containers such as steel drums through which access to the IED is obtained to defuse it with projectiles or fluids.

Cherry, Christopher R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Integrating Steel Production with Mineral Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the project were (i) to develop a combination iron oxide production and carbon sequestration plant that will use serpentine ores as the source of iron and the extraction tailings as the storage element for CO2 disposal, (ii) the identification of locations within the US where this process may be implemented and (iii) to create a standardized process to characterize the serpentine deposits in terms of carbon disposal capacity and iron and steel production capacity. The first objective was not accomplished. The research failed to identify a technique to accelerate direct aqueous mineral carbonation, the limiting step in the integration of steel production and carbon sequestration. Objective (ii) was accomplished. It was found that the sequestration potential of the ultramafic resource surfaces in the US and Puerto Rico is approximately 4,647 Gt of CO2 or over 500 years of current US production of CO2. Lastly, a computer model was developed to investigate the impact of various system parameters (recoveries and efficiencies and capacities of different system components) and serpentinite quality as well as incorporation of CO2 from sources outside the steel industry.

Klaus Lackner; Paul Doby; Tuncel Yegulalp; Samuel Krevor; Christopher Graves

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels in Hydrogen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanical Properties of Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels in Hydrogen B.P. Somerday, K.A. Nibur, C. San Marchi, and M. Yip Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, CA DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting Aiken, SC September 25-26, 2007 H H H dδ/dt ≥ 0 H 2 H 2 Methods for measuring mechanical properties of structural steels in hydrogen dδ/dt > 0 dδ/dt > 0 strength of materials: σ UTS , σ YS , ε f , RA H 2 H H H H 2 H H 2 H H 2 H H H 2 H H 2 fracture mechanics: K IH , K TH H H H H H H H H H H dδ/dt ≥ 0 H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 Tensile Testing Carbon Steel in H 2 E x t r u s i o n D i r e c t i o n / L - C O r i e n t a t i o n T T B a s e H A Z W e l d W e l d * Alloys: 106 Grade B * Multi-pass SMAW w/out stress relief * Specimens machined in 3 conditions: Base metal, Weld and HAZ * Orientation: L-C

167

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR AL-TECH SPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

NY. NY. 0 -02-3 CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR AL-TECH SPECIALTY STEEL CORPORATION (THE F01umz ALLEGHENY-LUDLUM STEEL CORPORATION) WATERVLIET, NEW YORK, AND OFFSITE PROPERTY IN DUNKIRK, NEW YORK Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects CONTENTS Introduction to the Certification Docket for the Al-Tech Specialty Steel Corporation, (the Former Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corporation) Watervliet, New York, and Offsite Property in Dunkirk, New York Exhibit I: Exhibit II: Purpose Docket Contents Summary of Activities at the Al-Tech Specialty Steel Corporation, (the Former Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corporation) Watervliet, New York, and Offsite Property in Dunkirk, New York

168

Corrosion behavior of weathering steel in marine atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The corrosion behavior of weathering steel and carbon steel exposed in marine atmosphere for 4 years were studied by means of regression analysis, rust structure observation, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum and electrochemical impedance spectra techniques. The results show that the corrosion procedure of weathering steel is divided into two steps. In the first step, the corrosion rate is higher, while in the second step the corrosion rate is remarkably reduced due to a compact rust layer formed gradually during exposure. The compact rust layer on weathering steel, darkened observed using polarized light, is composed of Cr substitute iron oxyhydroxide. Furthermore, an equivalent circuit is set up to represent the interfaces between rusted steels and 3% NaCl solution, and the rust layer resistances of the steels were deduced from an extrapolation of the electrochemistry impedance spectra to estimate the protective properties.

Q.C Zhang; J.S Wu; J.J Wang; W.L Zheng; J.G Chen; A.B Li

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Chapter 12 - Coal use in iron and steel metallurgy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter discusses the role of coal in iron and steel metallurgy. The chapter first gives information about routes for steel manufacture, current levels of steel production and forecasts for the future. It then discusses the use of coal in different metallurgical processes with emphasis on various ironmaking technologies as the most energy consuming step of the process chain. Alternatives to coal like biomass, hydrogen or waste plastics are discussed from the point of view of CO2 reduction.

A. Babich; D. Senk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Safety analysis report for packaging (onsite) steel drum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) provides the analyses and evaluations necessary to demonstrate that the steel drum packaging system meets the transportation safety requirements of HNF-PRO-154, Responsibilities and Procedures for all Hazardous Material Shipments, for an onsite packaging containing Type B quantities of solid and liquid radioactive materials. The basic component of the steel drum packaging system is the 208 L (55-gal) steel drum.

McCormick, W.A.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

171

New Austenitic Stainless Steels for Exhaust Components (Agreement...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications CF8C PLus: A New Cast Stainless Steel for High-Temperature Diesel Exhaust Components Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Materials for...

172

COLLOQUIUM: How Trenton Iron and Steel Innovations Reshaped America...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mr. Clifford Zink Independent Historian Iron and steel innovations in Trenton helped transform modern life with new methods of transportation, construction, and communications....

173

Dual-phase ferritic martensitic steel for concrete reinforcement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will discuss the microstructural characteristics and the mechanical and corrosion properties of dual-phase ferritic martensitic (DFM) steel embedded in concrete. Previous research on DFM steel has shown that these steels can attain higher tensile strengths, higher energy absorption, more fatigue resistance, higher ductility, and superior corrosion resistance than conventional reinforcement. Currently, a research project investigating the mechanical and durability aspects of DFM bars embedded in small concrete samples is underway. The objective of this research is to determine mechanical characteristics and present preliminary findings on possible corrosion mechanisms of a 0.1C/2Si DFM steel embedded in concrete.

Trejo, D.; Monteiro, P.; Thomas, G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

174

Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels in Hydrogen | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels in Hydrogen Presented at the DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting, Aiken, SC, September 25-26, 2007 pipelinegroupsomerdayms.pd...

175

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group...

176

Seismic damage identification for steel structures using distributed fiber optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic monitoring methodology based on optic time domain reflectometry technology is developed for seismic damage identification of steel structures. Epoxy with a...

Hou, Shuang; Cai, C S; Ou, Jinping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

II Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

178

First Generation Advanced High-Strength Steels Deformation Fundamental...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Deformation Fundamentals First Generation Advanced High-Strength Steels Deformation Fundamentals 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

179

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdf Association for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST). 2010a.American BOF Roundup. Iron & Steel Technology. November.for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST). 2010b. 2010 EAF

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimal inspection scheduling with alternative fatigue reliability formulations for steel bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal inspection scheduling with alternative fatigue reliability formulations for steel bridges H, USA Keywords: steel bridges, structural reliability, fatigue, optimal inspection, fracture, plate girder, box girder ABSTRACT: A reliability-based method for inspection scheduling of steel bridges

Manuel, Lance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

People of Steel: The Support of a Town during the Homestead Strike  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the riot between the steel strikers and the Pinkertons afterNovember 19, 1892. People of Steel 126 The position you1892, between the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited, and the

Partida, Jason

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Open Data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Data Open Data Home Ianjkalin's picture Submitted by Ianjkalin(84) Contributor 17 February, 2013 - 20:16 Top Open Data per Category Open Data It's always a tough question to answer, "What are the best open datasets from the government?" People generally understand the value of things like weather and GPS data, but if the question is from an experienced health care or energy entrepreneur, they are looking for something much more specific. To be really compelling the data has to be highly relevant, accessible through a technology like an application programming interface (API), or just simply new. A quick glance at sites like Data.gov or science.gov demonstrate that the U.S. Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 10 October, 2012 - 08:20 LOD Workshop Invitation

183

OpenEI Community - OpenXC  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenXC sample driving OpenXC sample driving data http://en.openei.org/community/document/openxc-sample-driving-data This file represents raw data from OpenXC, in the form of single-vehicle trace files.  This may be accessed from any programming language or existing system you want, but a Python wrapper will soon be made available and linked to OpenEI's energy hackathon resources. read more http://en.openei.org/community/document/openxc-sample-driving-data#comments OpenXC Developer Mon, 24 Sep 2012 17:29:39 +0000 Rmckeel 506

184

OpenEI Community - Open Data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Data per Open Data per Category http://en.openei.org/community/blog/top-open-data-category It's always a tough question to answer, "What are the best open datasets from the government?"  People generally understand the value of things like weather and GPS data, but if the question is from an experienced health care or energy entrepreneur, they are looking for something much more specific.  To be really compelling the data has to be highly relevant, accessible through a technology like an application programming interface (API), or just simply new.  A quick glance at sites like Data.gov or science.gov demonstrate that the U.S.open-data-category"

185

OpenEI | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI OpenEI Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 16 August, 2013 - 12:21 New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 15 August, 2013 - 09:09 DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor Technologies for Improved Grid Operations OpenEI PMU recovery act SGIG Smart Grid Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 5 August, 2013 - 13:18 Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap featured on NREL Now geothermal NREL OpenEI regulatory roadmap Navigating the complex system of federal and state regulations to secure project approvals is one of the biggest hurdles geothermal power developers

186

User:Jayhuggins | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

User page User page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » User:Jayhuggins Jump to: navigation, search Jay Huggins.jpg Name Jay Huggins Location Golden, CO Edits 4384 Friends User Edits Rmckeel 1772 Jweers 12390 Dbrodt 21 Graham7781 7932 Kch 858 I have been a back-end web developer for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory since October 2011. I am the father of two wonderful kids, husband to a wonderful wife, and when I'm not attached to a keyboard or parenting, I enjoy playing music, riding my bike, baking, brewing beer, and making furniture with wood and steel. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=User:Jayhuggins&oldid=671817" Categories: OpenEI Community Members Ryan's test What links here Related changes User contributions

187

Intertie Open Season  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Intertie Initiatives Intertie Open Season Transmission Utilization...

188

THE USE OF MICROSTRUCTURE CONTROL TO TOUGHEN FERRITIC STEELS FOR CRYOGENIC USE. II. Fe-Mn STEELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steels in current use at LNG temperatures and below containtemperature to below LNG temperature. The resulting alloysis suitable for use to below LNG temperature in the grain-

Hwang, S.K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Influence of outer rust layers on corrosion of carbon steel and weathering steel during wet–dry cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The influence of the rust layers of carbon steel and weathering steel on the corrosion were investigated. It was found that corrosion of carbon steel slows down when its outer rust layer is removed. This phenomenon might be attributed to the shortening of the wetting time in wet–dry cycles when the outer rust layers are removed. What is more, growth time of the corrosion products is shortened as well, which results in the formation of the fine corrosion products. However, the behavior of corrosion of weathering steel is not obviously influenced by the outer rust layer and the wetting time.

Xu Zhang; Shanwu Yang; Wenhua Zhang; Hui Guo; Xinlai He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Preliminary Microstructural Characterization of Gadolinium-Enriched Stainless Steels for Spent Nuclear Fuel Baskets (title change from A)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gadolinium (Gd) is a very potent neutron absorber that can potentially provide the nuclear criticality safety required for interim storage, transport, and final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Gd could be incorporated into an alloy that can be fabricated into baskets to provide structural support, corrosion resistance, and nuclear criticality control. In particular, Gd alloyed with stainless steel has been identified as a material that may fulfill these functional requirements. However, no information is available in the open literature that describes the influence of Gd on the microstructure and resultant mechanical properties of stainless steels alloyed with Gd. Such information is vital for determination of the suitability of these types of alloys for the intended application. Characterization of Gd-stainless steel (Gd-SS) alloys is also necessary for an American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) material specification, subsequent code approval by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and regulatory approval by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for subsequent use by the nuclear industry. The Department of Energy National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program at Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory has commissioned Lehigh University and Sandia National Laboratories to characterize the properties of a series of Gd-SS alloys to assess their suitability for the spent fuel basket application. Preliminary microstructural characterization results are presented on Gd stainless steels. Small gas tungsten arc buttons were prepared by melting 316L stainless steel with 0.1 to 10 wt.% Gd. These samples were characterized by light optical and electron optical microscopy to determine the distribution of alloying elements and volume fraction of Gd-rich phase. The results acquired to date indicate that no Gd is dissolved in the austenite matrix. Instead, the Gd was present as an interdendritic constituent, and the amount of the Gd-rich constituent increased with nominal Gd concentration. The microstructure were similar to berated stainless steels in that each alloy system contains a hard secondary constituent dispersed in a ductile austenitic matrix. Microstructure-mechanical property correlations were therefore developed from previous work on berated stainless steels in order to guide selection of compositions of larger scale Gd-alloyed heats. In turn, these large-scale heats will form the basis for further investigations in which detailed microstructure, mechanical property, and corrosion resistance relationships will be developed.

DUPONT,J.N.; ROBINO,CHARLES V.; STEPHENS JR.,JOHN J.; MCCONNELL,PAUL E.; MIZIA,R.; BRANAGAN,D.

2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

191

Quantitative evaluation of general corrosion of Type 304 stainless steel in subcritical and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative evaluation of general corrosion of Type 304 stainless steel in subcritical the corrosion rate of Type 304 stainless steel (SS) in subcritical and supercritical environments. The EN

Benning, Liane G.

192

Optimisation of deep cryogenic treatment for 100cr6 bearing steel using the grey taguchi technique; -.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Deep Cryogenic treatment is a supplementary process to the conventional heat treatment for enhancing the mechanical properties of steels 100Cr6 bearing steel is widely used… (more)

Sri Siva, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloy steel weldment Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

controlling usage of welded high-strength, low-alloy steels in sour enviroments... Steel Pipeline Base Alloy Compositions (wt-%) and Pipe ... Source: Ohio State University,...

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - a 285 steel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and composite-to-steel materials are investigated... for marine application and repair of steel pipeline. 12;BOND CHARACTERISTICS AND QUALIFICATIONS OF ADHESIVES Source:...

195

A Review on the Potential Use of Austenitic Stainless Steels in Nuclear Fusion Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various engineering materials; austenitic stainless steels, ferritic/martensitic steels, vanadium alloys, refractory metals and composites have been suggested as candidate structural materials for nuclear fusion

Sümer ?ahin; Mustafa Übeyli

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Spot welding of steel and aluminum using insert sheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Automobile industries have been increasingly interested in the use of aluminum and thus joining of steel and aluminum becomes of importance. The joining of the two types of metal raises a problem of brittle welds caused by the formation of intermetallic compounds. The authors solved the problem by using an insert sheet. This paper deals with the resistance spot welding of steel and aluminum sheets using insert sheets. The insert sheet used in the present development was a steel/aluminum clad sheet of the 0.8 mm thickness with 50% steel and 50% aluminum. The clad sheet was produced by warm rolling of steel and aluminum with a direct resistance heating process. Steel to be warm rolled was of EDDQ of the 0.4 mm thickness and aluminum was of JIS A1050 of 0.6 mm thickness. The mechanical properties of the insert clad sheets were in between those of the steel sheets and the aluminum sheets, while the clad sheets showed much better formability than the aluminum sheets. Resistance spot welding was conducted for 0.8 mm thick EDDQ steel sheets and 1.0 mm thick aluminum alloy (AL-5.5%Mg) sheets under the welding force of 1.96 kN, welding current ranging between 4.2 and 20.1 kA, and welding time from 0.5 to 10 cycles. The steel was spot welded to the steel side of the insert sheet while the aluminum was welded to the aluminum side. What the authors investigated were the applicable welding current range, nugget diameter, tensile shear strength, U-tension strength, and macro- and microstructures. In conclusion, steel sheets can be spot welded to aluminum sheets without difficulty by using clad sheets as insert materials while the strength level of the dissimilar metal spot welds is close to that of aluminum joints.

Oikawa, H.; Saito, T.; Yoshimura, T. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Feasibility analysis of recycling radioactive scrap steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to: (1) establish a conceptual design that integrates commercial steel mill technology with radioactive scrap metal (RSM) processing to produce carbon and stainless steel sheet and plate at a grade suitable for fabricating into radioactive waste containers; (2) determine the economic feasibility of building a micro-mill in the Western US to process 30,000 tons of RSM per year from both DOE and the nuclear utilities; and (3) provide recommendations for implementation. For purposes of defining the project, it is divided into phases: economic feasibility and conceptual design; preliminary design; detail design; construction; and operation. This study comprises the bulk of Phase 1. It is divided into four sections. Section 1 provides the reader with a complete overview extracting pertinent data, recommendations and conclusions from the remainder of the report. Section 2 defines the variables that impact the design requirements. These data form the baseline to create a preliminary conceptual design that is technically sound, economically viable, and capitalizes on economies of scale. Priorities governing the design activities are: (1) minimizing worker exposure to radionuclide hazards, (2) maximizing worker safety, (3) minimizing environmental contamination, (4) minimizing secondary wastes, and (5) establishing engineering controls to insure that the plant will be granted a license in the state selected for operation. Section 3 provides details of the preliminary conceptual design that was selected. The cost of project construction is estimated and the personnel needed to support the steel-making operation and radiological and environmental control are identified. Section 4 identifies the operational costs and supports the economic feasibility analysis. A detailed discussion of the resulting conclusions and recommendations is included in this section.

Nichols, F. [Manufacturing Sciences Corp., Woodland, WA (United States); Balhiser, B. [MSE, Inc., Butte, MT (United States); Cignetti, N. [Cignetti Associates, North Canton, OH (United States)] [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fireside carburization of stainless steel furnace tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most heavy Venezuelan crudes are recognized for having a high total acid number (TAN) that is usually associated with a high tendency to produce naphthenic acid corrosion. To resist this type of corrosion in vacuum heaters, 9Cr-1Mo steel and stainless steels containing molybdenum are usually recommended. In 1993 the original 5Cr-1/2Mo roof tubes of the furnace in a vacuum unit were replaced by stainless steel 316Ti to minimize tube replacement and increase heater reliability. Unexpectedly, some of the new tubes failed after only three years of service, and just one year after undergoing the last turnaround inspection. The damage occurred in the form of deep holes and perforations, starting from the outside tube surface on the fireside. Coke build-up occurred due to severe operating conditions, overheating the tubes on the fireside, above 675 C (1250 F). Metallographic and Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) examination revealed internal and external carburization of the material due to the presence of coke and combustion ashes, respectively. The increase in the skin metal temperature facilitated the diffusion of carbon from these carbon-rich deposits into the low carbon content material (0.023 O/O).Depletion of chromium at the grain boundaries due to the massive formation of chromium carbides, resulted in a severe intergranular corrosion attack by molten salts rich in vanadium and sulfur due to asphalt burning. Normal operating practice demands the use of steam for the heater tubes to control coke build-up. This practice had been first reduced and then eliminated, during the past two years prior to the failure, because of economic incentives. This paper describes the root cause analysis conducted to account for these premature tube failures.

Mirabal, E.; Molina, C. [PDVSA-Refineria Isla, Curayao (Netherlands); Mayorga, A.; Hau, J.L. [PDVSA-Intevep, Caracas (Venezuela)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Gas Atomization of Stainless Steel - Slow Motion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stainless steel liquid atomized by supersonic argon gas into a spray of droplets at ~1800ºC. Atomization of metal requires high pressure gas and specialized chambers for cooling and collecting the powders without contamination. The critical step for morphological control is the impingement of the gas on the melt stream. The video is a black and white high speed video of a liquid metal stream being atomized by high pressure gas. This material was atomized at the Ames Laboratory's Materials Preparation Center http://www.mpc.ameslab.gov

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Automated inspection of hot steel slabs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a real time digital image enhancement system for performing the image enhancement segmentation processing required for a real time automated system for detecting and classifying surface imperfections in hot steel slabs. The system provides for simultaneous execution of edge detection processing and intensity threshold processing in parallel on the same image data produced by a sensor device such as a scanning camera. The results of each process are utilized to validate the results of the other process and a resulting image is generated that contains only corresponding segmentation that is produced by both processes.

Martin, Ronald J. (Burnsville, MN)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

SOLID STATE JOINING OF MAGNESIUM TO STEEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Friction stir welding and ultrasonic welding techniques were applied to join automotive magnesium alloys to steel sheet. The effect of tooling and process parameters on the post-weld microstructure, texture and mechanical properties was investigated. Static and dynamic loading were utilized to investigate the joint strength of both cast and wrought magnesium alloys including their susceptibility and degradation under corrosive media. The conditions required to produce joint strengths in excess of 75% of the base metal strength were determined, and the effects of surface coatings, tooling and weld parameters on weld properties are presented.

Jana, Saumyadeep; Hovanski, Yuri; Pilli, Siva Prasad; Field, David P.; Yu, Hao; Pan, Tsung-Yu; Santella, M. L.

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

202

Eolica Industrial | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Industrial Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 01020-901 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind turbine steel towers and...

203

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY FOR STEEL STRUCTURES IN MODERATE SEISMIC REGIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY FOR STEEL STRUCTURES IN MODERATE SEISMIC REGIONS E.M. Hines1 and L.A. Fahnestock2 ABSTRACT The authors propose a design philosophy for steel buildings in moderate seismic regions that draws to the continued development and validation of this philosophy. Introduction Recent widespread adoption

Hines, Eric

204

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D% · Contractor share: 25% · Barriers ­ Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water;Objectives · To come up with a mechanistic understanding of hydrogen embrittlement in pipeline steels

205

Plastic strain due to twinning in austenitic TWIP steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plastic strain due to twinning in austenitic TWIP steels B. Qin and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Twinning induced plasticity steels are austenitic alloys in which mechanical twinning is a prominent deformation, Twinning, Twinning induced plasticity, Automobiles Introduction Mechanical twinning is a plastic

Cambridge, University of

206

Steamside Oxidation Behavior of Experimental 9%Cr Steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reducing emissions and increasing economic competitiveness require more efficient steam power plants that utilize fossil fuels. One of the major challenges in designing these plants is the availability of materials that can stand the supercritical and ultra-supercritical steam conditions at a competitive cost. There are several programs around the world developing new ferritic and austenitic steels for superheater and reheater tubes exposed to the advanced steam conditions. The new steels must possess properties better than current steels in terms of creep strength, steamside oxidation resistance, fireside corrosion resistance, and thermal fatigue resistance. This paper introduces a series of experimental 9%Cr steels containing Cu, Co, and Ti. Stability of the phases in the new steels is discussed and compared to the phases in the commercially available materials. The steels were tested under both the dry and moist conditions at 650ºC for their cyclical oxidation resistance. Results of oxidation tests are presented. Under the moist conditions, the experimental steels exhibited significantly less mass gain compared to the commercial P91 steel. Microstructural characterization of the scale revealed different oxide compositions.

Dogan, O.N.; Holcomb, G.R.; Alman, D.E.; Jablonski, P.D.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Magnetic induction of low-carbon steel for generator rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steels containing 0.11–0.17% C and 4.5–4.6% Ni have higher magnetic induction than steels 25KhN3MFA and 35KhN3MFA which at present are used for generator rotors.

O. V. Filimonova; I. A. Borisov; A. M. Shkatova…

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

CLEAVAGE FRACTURE MICROMECHANISMS RELATED TO WPS EFFECT IN RPV STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLEAVAGE FRACTURE MICROMECHANISMS RELATED TO WPS EFFECT IN RPV STEEL S. R. Bordet1 , B. Tanguy1 , S by warm pre-stress (WPS) on the cleavage fracture micromechanisms of a 18MND5 (A533B) reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steel. In this purpose, different WPS fracture test results obtained on compact tensile (CT

Boyer, Edmond

209

Control, automation and the hot rolling of steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Shercliff and M. J. Stowell Control, automation and the hot rolling of steel P.J...Rugby CV21 1BU, UK The current state of automation and control for hot rolling mills...mills|rolling mill models| Control, automation and the hot rolling of steel By P...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Predicting Collapse of Steel and Reinforced-Concrete Frame Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting Collapse of Steel and Reinforced-Concrete Frame Buildings in Different Types of Ground method is developed to predict P- collapse of frame buildings in earthquakes. The method incorporates two types of buildings (steel and RC moment-frame buildings) and three types of ground motions (near

Greer, Julia R.

211

The nanostructure and microstructure of steels: Electrochemical Tafel behaviour and atomic force microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of chemical composition and heat treatment on a low-carbon steel, chromium steel and high speed steel has been examined by polarisation curves and electrochemical parameters deduced from the Tafel plots. The electrochemical corrosion resistance, which is small between the as-received steels become greater after heat treatment, following the order: carbon steel < chromium steel ? high speed steel. To explain these differences, the nano- and microstructure of the steels has been characterized by the ex situ techniques of atomic force microscopy and optical microscopy, before and after surface etching with Nital (a solution of 5% HNO3 in ethanol). This causes preferential attack of the ferrite phases showing the carbide phases more clearly. From these nanostructural studies it was possible to better understand why the passive films formed on chromium steel and high speed steel have superior protective properties to those formed on carbon steel.

Valéria A. Alves; Ana M. Chiorcea Paquim; Albano Cavaleiro; Christopher M.A. Brett

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

About OpenEI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI OpenEI Jump to: navigation, search Introduction OpenEI is growing into a global leader in the energy data realm - specifically analyses on renewable energy and energy efficiency. The platform is a wiki, similar to Wikipedia's Wiki, with which many people are already familiar. Users can view, edit, and add data - and download data for free. We invite you to join our user community and get involved. With your help, we can provide the most current information needed to make informed decisions on energy, market investment, and technology development. Your data will also help create new businesses, build innovative tools and inspire new analyses. In addition to the Wiki, OpenEI provides a platform for sharing datasets. You can download data or upload your own, as well as rate and provide comments on the usefulness of the

213

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF BETHLEHEM STEEL LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

BETHLEHEM STEEL BETHLEHEM STEEL LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK Work oerformed bi the Health and Safety Research Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 March 1980 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION for the DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY as part of the Formerly Utilized Sites-- Remedial Action Program BETHLEHEM STEEL LACKAWANNA, NEW YORK At the request of the Department of Energy (DOE, then ERDA), a preliminary survey was performed at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation's plant in Lackawanna, New York (see Fig. l), on August 26, 1976, to assess the radiological status of those facilities utilized under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contract during the period 1949 through 1951. Anthony LaMastra of Bethlehem Steel, who was in charge of radiation

214

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bethlehem Steel Corporation - NY 02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Bethlehem Steel Corporation - NY 02 Bethlehem Steel Corporation - NY 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION (NY.02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Lackawanna , New York NY.02-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NY.02-2 Site Operations: Conducted high temperature alpha-phase rolling tests on uranium metal in the 1950s. NY.02-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria NY.02-5 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NY.02-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NY.02-4 NY.02-5 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NY.02-6 Also see Documents Related to BETHLEHEM STEEL CORPORATION NY.02-1 - Bethlehem Steel Corp. Letter; Subject: Completed Access

215

An study on accelerated corrosion testing of weathering steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper assesses the use of wet/dry cyclic laboratory corrosion tests that can provide information on the protective capacity of weathering steels in short times. Two steels were considered, a weathering steel ASTM A 242 Type 1 and a plain carbon steel (as reference), that were exposed in the atmosphere of Madrid (3 years) and in the following laboratory wet/dry cyclic tests: Cebelcor (10?4 M Na2SO4) (945 h), Kesternich (0.2 L SO2) (2160 h) and Prohesion (2160 h). Characterisation of rust layers was done by XRD, FTIR, SEM, SKP and EIS. Wet/dry cyclic tests make it possible to shorten the testing time to assess in laboratory the protective capacity of rusts formed on weathering steels in the atmosphere. Some analogies between experimentation in the field and in the laboratory have been established.

P. Montoya; I. Díaz; N. Granizo; D. de la Fuente; M. Morcillo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Industrial Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of P-RE Weathering Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The corrosion behavior of low-carbon steel (CS), P-bearing steel (PS) and P-RE weathering steel (P-REWS) exposed for two years in Jiangjin of China was investigated. The results showed that during 2-year exposure test, corrosion data of the experimental steels followed the bilogarithmic equation, and the average corrosion depth of PS and P-REWS was decreased by 19.5% and 28.2% respectively compared with that of CS. Scanning electron microscope, electrochemical impedance spectroscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscope were used to characterize the corrosion products. The research results showed that P in steel could promote the formation of an amorphous ferric oxyhydroxide layer near the substrate. The addition of RE could effectively increase the charge transportation resistance of rust.

Feng-yi MI; Xiang-dong WANG; Zhi-pu LIU; Bing WANG; Yun PENG; Dong-ping TAO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Alan D. Zdunek and David Prine BIRL Industrial Research, Evanston, IL 60201 Paper No. 547 presented at CORROSION95, the NACE International Annual Conference

218

New findings in welding of structural steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas shielded arc welding is the most widely applied welding process in industry. H2 (1.0425) structural steel chosen can be welded very cost-effectively with VAC 60 welding wires in CO2 shielding gas. With only the replacement of a highly oxidising gas, i.e. CO2, with a less oxidising gas mixture, i.e. Ar+18% CO2, a nicer appearance of the weld face and a higher weld quality may be obtained. Still higher quality of welds may be accomplished by employing pulsed arc welding of structural steels. In the study and development of the existing welding process, special attention was paid to the metal transfer. In pulsed arc welding with VAC 60 wire in the protective gas mixture of Ar+18% CO2, the metal transfer is very smooth and uniform in a very wide range of welding parameters. Because of the low oxidising capability of the Ar+18% CO2 gas mixture and the very short time of droplet formation, however, in pulsed arc welding major chemical processes in the droplet will occur only in welding with a higher average welding current (281 A). Less alloyed surfacing welds with silicon and manganese will provide higher quality only because of the surfacing weld dilution resulting from the parent-metal fusion, i.e. penetration. In pulsed arc welding, a pulse shape and energy and base current may efficiently affect the degree of penetration.

Uros Kejzar; Rajko Kejzar; Janez Grum; Damjan Klobcar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Acetyl thiourea chitosan as an eco-friendly inhibitor for mild steel in sulphuric acid medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acetyl thiourea chitosan polymer (ATUCS) has been synthesized and evaluated as corrosion inhibitor. The electrochemical behavior of mild steel in naturally aerated 0.5 M H2SO4 acid containing different concentrations of ATUCS has been studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements and surface examination via scanning electron microscope (SEM) technique. The results of EIS showed that the resistance (Rt) increases slightly with increasing immersion time indicating a slight decrease in corrosion rate of the steel with time. Also, the corrosion rate increases with either increasing temperature or decreasing the polymer concentration as observed by polarization technique. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements under open-circuit conditions confirmed well polarization results. ATUCS has shown very good inhibition efficiency (IE) in 0.5 M sulphuric acid solution reaches to 94.5% for 0.76 mM concentration. IE of this compound has been found to vary with the concentration of the polymer solution, immersion time and temperature.

A.M. Fekry; Riham R. Mohamed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Investigation Of Adhesion Formation In New Stainless Steel Trim Spring Operated Pressure Relief Valves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of proof test data for new (not previously installed) stainless steel (SS) trim spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV) reveals that adhesions form between the seat and disc in about 46% of all such SOPRV. The forces needed to overcome these adhesions can be sufficiently large to cause the SOPRV to fail its proof test (FPT) prior to installation. Furthermore, a significant percentage of SOPRV which are found to FPT are also found to ''fail to open'' (FTO) meaning they would not relief excess pressure in the event of an overpressure event. The cases where adhesions result in FTO or FPT appear to be confined to SOPRV with diameters < 1 in and set pressures < 150 psig and the FTO are estimated to occur in 0.31% to 2.00% of this subpopulation of SS trim SOPRV. The reliability and safety implications of these finding for end-users who do not perform pre-installation testing of SOPRV are discussed.

Gross, Robert E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Bukowski, Julia V. [Villanova University, Villanova, PA (United States); Goble, William M. [exida, Sellersville, PA (United States)

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Determination of mechanical and fracture properties of laser beam welded steel joints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present work, two similar joints, namely, ferritic-ferritic and austenitic-austenitic and one dissimilar ferritic-austenitic joint were produced with a CO{sub 2} laser using 6-mm-thick steel plates. In addition to the testing of flat microtensile specimens, the mechanical properties were examined by microhardness survey and conventional transverse and round tensile specimens. The results of the microtensile specimens were compared with standard round tensile specimens, and this clearly showed the suitability of the microtensile specimen technique for such joints. The crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) tests were also performed to determine the fracture toughness of the LB welds using three-point bend specimens. The effect of strength heterogeneity (mismatching) across the weld joint and at the vicinity of the crack tip on the CTOD fracture toughness values was also discussed.

Cam, G.; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Materials Research; Erim, S.; Yeni, C. [Dokuz Eyluel Univ., Izmir (Turkey). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Exploring new W–B coating materials for the aqueous corrosion–wear protection of austenitic stainless steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The material loss of metallic surfaces through corrosion–wear is a serious concern in many application sectors, ranging from bio-medical implants to marine, oil and gas field components to transport vehicle and nuclear reactor devices. In principle, self-passivating alloys, like stainless steels, can be protected from surface degradation caused by corrosion–wear through the application of protective thin, hard surface coatings. In this work the suitability of using W matrix coating materials supersaturated with varying levels of boron were applied to austenitic stainless steel substrates (Ortron 90) and assessed for this purpose. These materials were compared to a highly corrosion–wear resistant “datum” surface engineered material (CrN coated Ti–6Al–4V) in sliding contact tests against a chemically inert aluminium oxide ball, whilst immersed in 0.9% NaCl solution at 37 °C. The work demonstrated that all the coated materials to be very much more resistant to material loss through corrosion–wear (by nearly an order of magnitude) compared to uncoated stainless steel, and two coatings, W–13%B and W–23%B coated Ortron 90 were similarly resistant as CrN coated Ti–6Al–4V. Three fundamental types of corrosion–wear were discovered that represented differing levels of passive film durability. The total material loss rate (TMLR) during corrosion–wear testing showed linear proportionality with the change in open circuit potential ?OCP which obeyed the governing equation: TMLR = m ?OCP + C.

B. Mallia; P.A. Dearnley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

OpenStudio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OpenStudio OpenStudio TDM - Amir Roth (OpenStudio/BCL Core) TDM - Joan Glickman (Asset Score Tool) Larry Brackney National Renewable Energy Laboratory larry.brackney@nrel.gov 303-384-7443 April 2 nd 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Broad Market Penetration Modeling Expertise Market Facing Modeling and Analysis Tools Utility Focused Web Tools Easy-to Use Tools for Practitioners Enabling Analysis for Emerging Technologies OpenStudio Software Development Kit (SDK) Modeling Engines (EnergyPlus, Radiance, Others) simuwatt Mobile Auditing Tool

224

Vermoehlen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vermoehlen Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vermoehlen Place: Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer References: Vermoehlen1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

225

Proeng | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Biomass Product: Jaboticabal based engineering company, which develops ethanol ang biomass plants. References: Proeng1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

226

Earthanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Developed breakthrough technologies in conversion of dairy byproducts to ethanol. References: Earthanol1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

227

Sifaeg | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: Sifaeg Place: Brazil Product: Association of Brazilian sugar and ethanol producers. References: Sifaeg1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

228

ENERTRAG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

building, financing and operating decentralised power plants, in particular wind turbines. References: ENERTRAG1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

229

CMERI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: CMERI1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it....

230

CIIE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: CIIE1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it....

231

Open Grid Forum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors ESnet Live Blog Home Engineering Services OSCARS OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum Engineering Services...

232

CSC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Geothermal Resources Council National Renewable Energy Laboratory Powered by OpenEI 169x42.png Print PDF Retrieved from "http:...

233

Trenergi | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Trenergi Place: Hopkinton, Massachusetts Zip: 1748 Product: Massachusetts-based fuel cell developer. References: Trenergi1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

234

Stereoscopy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stereoscopy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Stereoscopy Author Wikipedia Published Publisher Not Provided, 2013 DOI Not Provided Check...

235

An Open String Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of fluxes on open string moduli is studied by analyzing the constraints imposed by supersymmetry on D-branes in type IIB flux backgrounds. We show that generically the conditions of supersymmetry cannot be maintained when moving along the geometrical moduli space of the brane, so that open string moduli are lifted. We argue that there is a disconnected and discrete set of supersymmetric solutions to the open string equations of motion, which extends the familiar closed string landscape to the open string sector.

Jaume Gomis; Fernando Marchesano; David Mateos

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

236

Job Openings at CEES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Job Openings at the Center for Electrical Energy Storage All CEES positions are currently filled. For more information about Postdoctoral Fellowship Programs at Argonne, please...

237

Effectiveness of advanced coating systems for mitigating blast effects on steel components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effectiveness of advanced coating systems for mitigating blast effects on steel components C. Chen1 tool for steel components. The response of polyurea coated steel components under blast loading of polyurea onto armor grade steel plates and an examination of resulting failure modes and governing design

238

Numerical simulations of welds of thick steel pieces of interest for the thermonuclear fusion ITER machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulations of welds of thick steel pieces of interest for the thermonuclear fusion ITER machine

Carmignani, B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Estimation of Atmospheric Corrosion of High-Strength, Low-Alloy Steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the corrosion resistance of low-alloy weathering steels from chemical composition data and from actual

240

An Application of the Electric Resistance Furnace to the Determination of Oxygen in Iron and Steel.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Application of the Electric Resistance Furnace to the Determination of Oxygen in Iron and Steel. ...

R. H. McMillen

1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Corrosion resistance of transmission structures fabricated from weathering steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Introduced to utilities in the late 1960's, weathering steel' appeared to offer a way to reduce structure weight and maintenance of lattice towers through the application of bare, high strength steel that had natural corrosion resistance. Weathering steel found wide application in lattice and tubular transmission structures. Through its service life, however, the weathering steel showed evidence of continuing corrosion rather than the expected protection from corrosion. A consortium of utilities was formed to investigate the impact on structure reliability of the continuing corrosion of the steel beyond initial expectations. Through the completion of field surveys and laboratory tests, projected lifetime corrosion rates, structural integrity and potential sealer/penetrant systems were evaluated. The investigation has shown that existing lattice and tubular structures fabricated from weathering steel will provide continued reliable service with minimal maintenance programs. Weathering Steel remains practical for new lattice and tubular structures provided steps are taken during the design process to minimize the retention and collection of moisture between and around metal contact surfaces and during the operation of the line to minimize vegetation encroachment around structures.

Goodwin, E.J. (Sverdrup Technology TLMRC, Haslet, TX (United States)); Pohlman, J.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

The Open PV Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Open PV Project The Open PV Project (Redirected from OpenPV) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Open PV Project Agency/Company /Organization: NREL Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, - Solar PV Topics: Background analysis, Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: openpv.nrel.gov/about Country: United States Web Application Link: openpv.nrel.gov/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

243

The Open PV Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Open PV Project The Open PV Project (Redirected from Open PV) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Open PV Project Agency/Company /Organization: NREL Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, - Solar PV Topics: Background analysis, Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: openpv.nrel.gov/about Country: United States Web Application Link: openpv.nrel.gov/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

244

Category:OpenEI Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil and Gas P cont. OpenEI:ProjectsPublic Resources OpenEI:ProjectsSearch Engine Optimization Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:OpenEIProjects&old...

245

The Relationship between Bulk Commodity and Chinese Steel Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iron ore and coking coal are complementary inputs for steelmaking and therefore their prices are closely related to steel prices. Historically, trade in iron ore and coking coal was based on long-term contracts, but in recent years there has been a shift towards shorter-term pricing, including on the spot market, and consequently prices reflect market developments more quickly. This article analyses the relationship between the spot prices for iron ore, coking coal and Chinese steel products, and finds that in the short run the spot price for iron ore has tended to overshoot its long-run equilibrium following an unexpected change in Chinese steel prices.

Mark Caputo; Tim Robinson; Hao Wang

246

Modern structural steels with improved properties through accelerated cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The last decade has seen an enormous increase in the stringency of the demands placed on steels. The main characteristics involved are higher strength and toughness, better suitability for welding and, in certain cases, corrosion resistance. The reason for these heightened demands resides in the higher strains to which the material is exposed in structural applications and in a greater need for safety. In many areas, the steel industry has succeeded in offering appropriate solutions through improved metallurgical and rolling techniques. Accelerated cooled steel grades are one example.

Tschersich, H.J.; Schriever, U.; Bobbert, J.; Kuntze, C. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

OpenEI Dashboard | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Dashboard OpenEI Dashboard Jump to: navigation, search International OpenEI users Change timeframe to... Last day Last 7 days (default) Last 30 days Zoom to... The world (default) Africa Northern Africa Western Africa Middle Africa Eastern Africa Southern Africa Europe Northern Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe Southern Europe America Northern America Caribbean Central America South America Asia Central Asia Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Australia and New Zealand Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Map shows last 7 days of data by default. Hover over a city for more statistics. Click on a country to zoom in, or select a geographical region from the dropdown list. Loading... Statistics summary for the last 1 7 30 365 days

248

Open Data Workshop 2012 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Data Workshop 2012 Open Data Workshop 2012 Jump to: navigation, search Linked Open Data Workshop for Clean Energy November 12, 2012 Over the last six centuries, access to knowledge and information has expanded exponentially. The printing press brought the wave of widespread literacy and improved levels of education. Today, the internet is unleashing another radical transformation by making the storehouse of human knowledge available to anyone, anywhere with internet access via computer or mobile device. Ninety percent of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone[1]. Access to knowledge and information is expanding exponentially. This access to reliable information, and the ability to share datasets between organisations are vital ingredients in tackling

249

Use of Bullet Traps and Steel Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

USE OF BULLET TRAPS AND USE OF BULLET TRAPS AND STEEL TARGETS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY: http://www.hss.energy.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security Notices This document is intended for the exclusive use of elements of the Department of Energy (DOE), to include the National Nuclear Security Administration, their contractors, and other government agencies/individuals authorized to use DOE facilities. DOE disclaims any and all liability for personal injury or property damage due to use of this document in any context by any organization, group, or individual, other than during official government activities. Local DOE management is responsible for the proper execution of firearms-related programs for

250

Mr. Thomas Mahl Granite City Steel Company  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

8&v/ 8&v/ Mr. Thomas Mahl Granite City Steel Company 20th and State Streets Granite City, IL 62040 Dear Mr. Mahl: This is to notify you that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated your company's facility for remedial action as a part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. Remedial activities are managed by the DOE Oak Ridge Field Office, and Ms. Teresa Perry (615-576-8956) will be the site manager. As a result of the designation decision, Ms. Perry will be the appropriate point of contact in the future. If you have any questions, please call me at 301-903-8149. W. Alexander Williams, PhD Designation and Certification Manager Division of Off-Site Programs Office of Eastern Area Programs Office of Environmental Restoration

251

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology? Alan G. Isaac & Walter G to Commercialize Crowding out of Proprietary Innovation Capital Intensity of Biotechnology Regulatory Approval

Lansky, Joshua

252

Stainless steel anodes for alkaline water electrolysis and methods of making  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The corrosion resistance of stainless steel anodes for use in alkaline water electrolysis was increased by immersion of the stainless steel anode into a caustic solution prior to electrolysis. Also disclosed herein are electrolyzers employing the so-treated stainless steel anodes. The pre-treatment process provides a stainless steel anode that has a higher corrosion resistance than an untreated stainless steel anode of the same composition.

Soloveichik, Grigorii Lev

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a 'fair share' scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Mele, Salvatore

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

254

Triggered plasma opening switch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A triggerable opening switch for a very high voltage and current pulse includes a transmission line extending from a source to a load and having an intermediate switch section including a plasma for conducting electrons between transmission line conductors and a magnetic field for breaking the plasma conduction path and magnetically insulating the electrons when it is desired to open the switch.

Mendel, Clifford W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Argonne Open House 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Argonne Open Argonne Open House 2009 Welcome Organization Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Argonne Open House 2009 Bookmark and Share THANK YOU! The Nuclear Engineering Division thanks all participants which contributed to make a success of the Open House event. Argonne opened its gates to the community on Saturday, August 29, from 9am to 4:30pm. NE actively participated in this event with activities inside and outside Building 208, the home of the Nuclear Engineering Division. Inside building 208 KEYWORDS: Nuclear Engineering; National Security; Environment, Safety and Health

256

The novelty of Open Innovation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Proponents of Open Innovation argue in support of its novel additions, critics however question its novelty and argue that the roots of Open Innovation… (more)

Altmann, Peter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan This work plan proposes to build a systematic knowledge base for the thermal aging behavior of cast stainless steels (CASSs) within a limited time of five years. The final output of execution of the plan is expected to provide conclusive predictions for the integrity of the CASS components of LWR power plants during the extended service life up to and beyond 60 years. Mechanical and microstructural data obtained through accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation will be the key input for the prediction of CASS behaviors and for the integrity analyses for various CASS components. While the accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation results will comprise the main components of the knowledge base

258

Auto industry steel project to boost efficiency, safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Auto industry steel project to boost efficiency, safety Auto industry steel project to boost efficiency, safety Auto industry steel project to boost efficiency, safety Higher-strength, lighter-weight steels could be coming to a car near you in the near future as part of a U.S. Department of Energy advanced manufacturing initiative. July 11, 2013 Professor Emmanuel De Moor performing heat treatments of machined tensile specimens using molten salt to provide fast and controlled temperature changes to match the "Quench & Partitioning" processing requirements. Professor Emmanuel De Moor performing heat treatments of machined tensile specimens using molten salt to provide fast and controlled temperature changes to match the "Quench & Partitioning" processing requirements. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano

259

NETL: News Release - DOE Participates in Commercialization of Its Steel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 20, 2007 September 20, 2007 DOE Participates in Commercialization of Its Steel Casting Technology U.S. Army Plans to Produce Armor for Military Vehicles in War on Terror WASHINGTON, DC - To protect military personnel and vehicles from improvised explosive devices and explosively-formed penetrators, the U.S. Army has decided to commercially produce a unique steel armor based on technology developed and patented by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The P-900 cast-slotted steel armor The P-900 cast-slotted steel armor was developed and patented by scientists at the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Scientists at the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) had developed the processing technology, called the

260

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Resources and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources & Links Resources & Links Technical Information Publications Case Studies CD-ROMs Publications Some of the following publications are available for download as Adobe PDF documents. Download Acrobat Reader. Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: : A Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities (PDF 432 KB) Renowned industry expert Dr. John Stubbles has projected the energy savings that the U.S. steel industry could reasonably expect to achieve over the next 10 years. These projections are the subject of a new report from ITP's steel team, Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities. The report examines the potential impacts of state-of-the-art technologies and operating practices, as well as structural changes in the industry itself.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Structural Capacity of Light Gauge Steel Storage Rack Uprights.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Master of Engineering (Research)%%%This report investigates the down-aisle buckling load capacity of steel storage rack uprights. The effects of discrete torsional restraints provided by the… (more)

Koen, Damien Joseph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

a Climate VISION goal of achieving a 10 percent increase in sector-wide average energy efficiency by 2012 using a 2002 baseline. Read the U.S. Steel Industry Energy Efficiency...

263

Auto/Steel Partnership: Fatigue of AHSS Strain Rate Characterization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm26heimbuch.pdf More Documents & Publications AutoSteel Partnership: AHSS Stamping,...

264

Advances in Materials Genomics: Making CyberSteels Fly | Argonne...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Events Upcoming Events Upcoming Events Advances in Materials Genomics: Making CyberSteels Fly January 7, 2015 3:00PM to 4:00PM Presenter Greg Olson, Northwestern University and...

265

Surface modified stainless steels for PEM fuel cell bipolar plates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nitridation treated stainless steel article (such as a bipolar plate for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell) having lower interfacial contact electrical resistance and better corrosion resistance than an untreated stainless steel article is disclosed. The treated stainless steel article has a surface layer including nitrogen-modified chromium-base oxide and precipitates of chromium nitride formed during nitridation wherein oxygen is present in the surface layer at a greater concentration than nitrogen. The surface layer may further include precipitates of titanium nitride and/or aluminum oxide. The surface layer in the treated article is chemically heterogeneous surface rather than a uniform or semi-uniform surface layer exclusively rich in chromium, titanium or aluminum. The precipitates of titanium nitride and/or aluminum oxide are formed by the nitriding treatment wherein titanium and/or aluminum in the stainless steel are segregated to the surface layer in forms that exhibit a low contact resistance and good corrosion resistance.

Brady, Michael P [Oak Ridge, TN; Wang, Heli [Littleton, CO; Turner, John A [Littleton, CO

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

266

9 Cr-- 1 Mo steel material for high temperature application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One or more embodiments relates to a high-temperature, titanium alloyed, 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibiting improved creep strength and oxidation resistance at service temperatures up to 650.degree. C. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel has a tempered martensite microstructure and is comprised of both large (0.5-3 .mu.m) primary titanium carbides and small (5-50 nm) secondary titanium carbides in a ratio of. from about 1:1.5 to about 1.5:1. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel may be fabricated using exemplary austenizing, rapid cooling, and tempering steps without subsequent hot working requirements. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibits improvements in total mass gain, yield strength, and time-to-rupture over ASTM P91 and ASTM P92 at the temperature and time conditions examined.

Jablonski, Paul D; Alman, David; Dogan, Omer; Holcomb, Gordon; Cowen, Christopher

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

267

US Safeguards on Steel and the Markups of European Producers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is among the first to explore the microeconomic impacts of a trade policy on foreign firms. We empirically investigate the effects of the US safeguard protection of steel imports in 2002 on ... conside...

Hylke Vandenbussche; Ziga Zarnic

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Structural Reliability of Bridges Elevated with Steel Pedestals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overheight vehicle impact to bridge decks is a major problem in the transportation networks in the United States. An important factor that causes this problem is inadequate vertical clearance of bridges. Using steel pedestals to elevate bridge decks...

Bisadi, Vahid 1980-

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

Energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, I examine the spatial and economic factors that influence energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector, namely industrial value added, renovation investment, coke consumption, and local coke supply. ...

Xu, Jingsi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fracture and plasticity characterization of DH-36 Navy steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-layered plates consisting of DH-36 steel coated by a thick layer of polyurea, for increased blast and impact protection, are of increasing importance to the Department of Defense. A hybrid approach of experiments and ...

MacLean, Christopher Glenn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Making Steel Framing as Thermally Efficient as Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the steel web with a less conductive material, and 4) placing foam insulation in locations where the thermal shorts are most critical. Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have utilized both hot box testing and computer simulations in aim...

Kosny, J.; Childs, P.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in HCl solution using chitosan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of chitosan (a naturally occurring polymer) as a corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 0.1 M ... while it slightly increases with an increase in chitosan concentration. Polarization curves indicate...

Saviour A. Umoren; Mauro J. Banera; Teodoro Alonso-Garcia; Claudio A. Gervasi…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The effects of alpha particle irradiation on stainless steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Monte Carlo code was developed to calculate the alpha particle emission rate from WGPu. It yielded information pertaining to the alpha particle source strength at the WGPU and stainless steel interface as well as the damage production and He...

Shipp, John Douglas

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Technology Roadmap Research Program for the Steel Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The steel industry's Technology Roadmap Program (TRP) is a collaborative R&D effort jointly sponsored by the steel industry and the United States Department of Energy. The TRP program was designed to develop new technologies to save energy , increase competitiveness, and improve the environment. TRP ran from July, 1997 to December, 2008, with a total program budget of $38 million dollars. During that period 47 R&D projects were performed by 28 unique research organizations; co-funding was provided by DOE and 60 industry partners. The projects benefited all areas of steelmaking and much know-how was developed and transferred to industry. The American Iron and Steel Institute is the owner of all intellectual property developed under TRP and licenses it at commercial rates to all steelmakers. TRP technologies are in widespread use in the steel industry as participants received royalty-free use of intellectual property in return for taking the risk of funding this research.

Joseph R. Vehec

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Process to Continuously Melt, Refine, and Cast High Quality Steel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This factsheet describes a project to conduct research and development targeted at designing an innovative steelmaking process to produce higher quality steel faster than traditional batch processes while consuming less energy and other resources.

276

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Technology...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

results in the near, mid, and long term. Industry Vision & Roadmaps Saving One Barrel of Oil per Ton of Steel: A New Roadmap for Transformation of Steelmaking Process (October...

277

Development of sodium silicate adhesives for electrical steel bonding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inorganic adhesives have several benefits over traditional joining methods for joining electrical steels used in magnetic cores of numerous industrial applications. As insulators with very high melting temperatures, the ...

Marks, Jordan (Jordan Christine)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Open PV Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Open PV Project The Open PV Project Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Open PV Project Agency/Company /Organization: NREL Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, - Solar PV Topics: Background analysis, Market analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: openpv.nrel.gov/about Country: United States Web Application Link: openpv.nrel.gov/ Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Featured UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

279

Measurement of intergranular attack in stainless steel using ultrasonic energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ultrasonic test methods are used to measure the depth of intergranular attack (IGA) in a stainless steel specimen. The ultrasonic test methods include a pitch-catch surface wave technique and a through-wall pulse-echo technique. When used in combination, these techniques can establish the extent of IGA on both the front and back surfaces of a stainless steel specimen from measurements made on only one surface.

Mott, Gerry (Pittsburgh, PA); Attaar, Mustan (Monroeville, PA); Rishel, Rick D. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Corrosion of High Performance Steel in Adverse Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The corrosion products that have formed on weathering steel bridges exposed to different weather conditions in the United States have been evaluated. They have been analyzed by spectroscopic techniques to determine the relationship between protective and non?protective rust coatings and their relationship to the exposure conditions. Bridges constructed recently using High Performance Steel as well as older bridges built with Type A588B weathering steel were evaluated for corrosion performance of the rust coatings. In locations where the steel is subjected to regular wet?dry cycling where the surface is wet for less than about 20% of the time a protective patina starts to form after a few months exposure and continues to an adherent impervious coating after a decade. The protective patina is characterized by the formation of only goethite and lepidocrocite. The goethite makes up about 80% of the rust and itself consists of a nanophase component 40% or infrequent drying cycles (regions close to waterways fog or having high humidity) the weathering steel forms a rust coating that consists of a large amount of maghemite and goethite that contains very little of the nanophase component. The rust coating ex?foliates from the steel and is not protective. Under exposure conditions in which chlorides are deposited onto the weathering steel surface (marine or de?icing salt locations) the protective patina also does not form. Instead the rust coating consists of a large fraction of akaganeite that forms at the expense of the lepidocrocite and nanophase goethite. The bridges exposed to high chloride concentrations 1.5 wt% and therefore having no protective patina have corrosion rates measured to be 6 times larger than expected for weathering steel with the protective patina.

Desmond C. Cook

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Characterization of the passive film formed on weathering steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and electrochemical reduction techniques were used to characterize the passive film formed on weathering steels. Test pieces of weathering steel were exposed to an industrial environment for 4.5 and 8 yrs. In both cases the passive film was composed predominantly of 8-FeOOH with 10–20% ?-FeOOH and possibly some ?-FeOOH. Raman spectra from different depths of the surface were identical which implied that the film composition was homogeneous.

Joseph T. Keiser; Chris W. Brown; Robert H. Heidersbach

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The Corrosion of High Performance Steel in Adverse Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The corrosion products that have formed on weathering steel bridges exposed to different weather conditions in the United States have been evaluated. They have been analyzed by spectroscopic techniques to determine the relationship between protective and non-protective rust coatings, and their relationship to the exposure conditions. Bridges constructed recently using High Performance Steel, as well as older bridges built with Type A588B weathering steel, were evaluated for corrosion performance of the rust coatings. In locations where the steel is subjected to regular wet-dry cycling, where the surface is wet for less than about 20% of the time, a protective patina starts to form after a few months exposure, and continues to an adherent, impervious coating after a decade. The protective patina is characterized by the formation of only goethite and lepidocrocite. The goethite makes up about 80% of the rust, and itself consists of a nanophase component, < 15 nm, making up about 70% of the goethite. The nanophase goethite is basically undetected by X-ray diffraction. In the presence of high time-of-wetness, >40%, or infrequent drying cycles (regions close to waterways, fog or having high humidity), the weathering steel forms a rust coating that consists of a large amount of maghemite, and goethite that contains very little of the nanophase component. The rust coating ex-foliates from the steel and is not protective. Under exposure conditions in which chlorides are deposited onto the weathering steel surface (marine or de-icing salt locations), the protective patina also does not form. Instead, the rust coating consists of a large fraction of akaganeite that forms at the expense of the lepidocrocite and nanophase goethite. The bridges exposed to high chloride concentrations, 1.5 wt%, and therefore having no protective patina, have corrosion rates measured to be 6 times larger than expected for weathering steel with the protective patina.

Cook, Desmond C. [Physics Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529 (United States)

2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

283

X-ray attenuation properties of stainless steel (u)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stainless steel vessels are used to enclose solid materials for studying x-ray radiolysis that involves gas release from the materials. Commercially available stainless steel components are easily adapted to form a static or a dynamic condition to monitor the gas evolved from the solid materials during and after the x-ray irradiation. Experimental data published on the x-ray attenuation properties of stainless steel, however, are very scarce, especially over a wide range of x-ray energies. The objective of this work was to obtain experimental data that will be used to determine how a poly-energetic x-ray beam is attenuated by the stainless steel container wall. The data will also be used in conjunction with MCNP (Monte Carlos Nuclear Particle) modeling to develop an accurate method for determining energy absorbed in known solid samples contained in stainless steel vessels. In this study, experiments to measure the attenuation properties of stainless steel were performed for a range of bremsstrahlung x-ray beams with a maximum energy ranging from 150 keV to 10 MeV. Bremsstrahlung x-ray beams of these energies are commonly used in radiography of engineering and weapon components. The weapon surveillance community has a great interest in understanding how the x-rays in radiography affect short-term and long-term properties of weapon materials.

Wang, Lily L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Berry, Phillip C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is typically one of the main problems causing deterioration of concrete structures. The Microcomposite Multistructural Formable (MMFX) steel, which is a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is typically one of the main problems causing deterioration available steel, has proven to have high corrosion resistance in comparison with conventional steel without provides a high resistance to corrosion due to severe environmental exposure in comparison to the use

285

Schmitt et al. Damage of monolithic refractory linings in steel ladles during drying Damage of monolithic refractory linings in steel ladles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schmitt et al. Damage of monolithic refractory linings in steel ladles during drying Damage of monolithic refractory linings in steel ladles during drying N. Schmitt(1)& , Y. Berthaud(1) , J.F. Hernandez) & Corresponding author : Email: schmitt@lmt.ens-cachan.fr Abstract: Safety linings of steel ladles are made

286

"Seismic Behavior and Design of Steel Shear Walls", A. Astaneh-Asl, SEAONC Seminar, November 2001, San Francisco. of 181 Seismic Behavior and Design of Steel Shear Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Seismic Behavior and Design of Steel Shear Walls", A. Astaneh-Asl, SEAONC Seminar, November 2001, San Francisco. of 181 Seismic Behavior and Design of Steel Shear Walls By Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl, Ph.ce.berkeley.edu/~astaneh Introduction Steel plate shear wall systems have been used in recent years in highly seismic areas to resist

Astaneh-Asl, Abolhassan

287

ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities, September 2000  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. steel industry has taken enormous strides over the past decades to reduce its energy consumption; since the end of World War II, the industry has reduced its energy intensity by 60 percent.

288

Open OntologyOpen Ontology Repository:Repository  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonfunctional requirements Use case descriptionsUse case descriptions Wiki page:Wiki page: http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgihttp://ontolog.cim11 Open OntologyOpen Ontology Repository:Repository: Architecture andArchitecture and Interfaces3.net/cgi-- bin/wiki.pl?OpenOntologyRepository_Requirementbin/wiki.pl?OpenOntology

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

289

OpenEI dashboard | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI dashboard OpenEI dashboard Home > Blogs > Rmckeel's blog Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 8 November, 2012 - 12:58 Google Analytics mediawiki OpenEI statistics wiki OpenEI web traffic from Bangalore, India Did you know that in the last month, 621 people in Bangalore, India spent 16 hours browsing OpenEI.org? Or that in the last year, 14,243 people found out about an energy app through the OpenEI apps browser? See the latest aggregated statistics and activity on OpenEI on the OpenEI dashboard - a quick click from the front page. The data on this page is constantly being updated, and we expect to include additional types of statistics and links to new activity on OpenEI in the future. Explore the international impact that the OpenEI.org community is having

290

Low Frequency-SAFT Inspection Methodology for Coarse-Grained Steel Rail Components (Manganese Steel Frogs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the rail industry, sections of high strength Manganese steel are employed at critical locations in railroad networks. Ultrasonic inspections of Manganese steel microstructures are difficult to inspect with conventional means, as the propagation medium is highly attenuative, coarse-grained, anisotropic and nonhomogeneous in nature. Current in-service inspection methods are ineffective while pre-service X-ray methods (used for full-volumetric examinations of components prior to shipment) are time-consuming, costly, require special facilities and highly trained personnel for safe operations, and preclude manufacturers from inspecting statistically meaningful numbers of frogs for effective quality assurance. In-service examinations consist of visual inspections only and by the time a defect or flaw is visually detected, the structural integrity of the component may already be compromised, and immediate repair or replacement is required. A novel ultrasonic inspection technique utilizing low frequency ultrasound (100 to 500 kHz) combined with a synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT) for effective reduction of signal clutter and noise, and extraction of important features in the data, has proven to be effective for these coarse grained steel components. Results from proof-of-principal tests in the laboratory demonstrate an effective means to detect and localize reflectors introduced as a function of size and depth from the top of the frog rail. Using non-optimal, commercially available transducers coupled with the low-frequency/SAFT approach, preliminary evaluations were conducted to study the effects of the material microstructure on ultrasonic propagation, sensitivity and resolution in thick section frog components with machined side-drilled holes. Results from this study will be presented and discussed.

Diaz, Aaron A.; Andersen, Eric S.; Samuel, Todd J.

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Steel Creek primary producers: Periphyton and seston, L-Lake/Steel Creek Biological Monitoring Program, January 1986--December 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) encompasses 300 sq mi of the Atlantic Coastal Plain in west-central South Carolina. Five major tributaries of the Savannah River -- Upper Three Runs Creek, Four Mile Creek, Pen Branch, Steel Creek, and Lower Three Runs Creek -- drain the site. In 1985, L Lake, a 400-hectare cooling reservoir, was built on the upper reaches of Steel Creek to receive effluent from the restart of L-Reactor and to protect the lower reaches from thermal impacts. The Steel Creek Biological Monitoring Program was designed to assess various components of the system and identify and changes due to the operation of L-Reactor or discharge from L Lake. An intensive ecological assessment program prior to the construction of the lake provided baseline data with which to compare data accumulated after the lake was filled and began discharging into the creek. The Department of Energy must demonstrate that the operation of L-Reactor will not significantly alter the established aquatic ecosystems. This report summarizes the results of six years` data from Steel Creek under the L-Lake/Steel Creek Monitoring Program. L Lake is discussed separately from Steel Creek in Volumes NAI-SR-138 through NAI-SR-143.

Bowers, J.A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Toole, M.A.; van Duyn, Y. [Normandeau Associates Inc., New Ellenton, SC (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

White-Etching Matter in Bearing Steel. Part I: Controlled Cracking of 52100 Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.!Grabulov,!U.!Ziese,!H.!W.!Zandbergen:!Scripta!Materialia!2007,!vol.!57,!pp.!635–638.!![3]!M.(H.!Evans:!Materials!Science!and!Technology!2012,!vol.!28,!pp.!3–22.!![4]!H.!K.!D.!H.!Bhadeshia:!Progress!in!Materials!Science!2012,!vol.!57,!pp.!268–435.!![5]!K.!Hiraoka,!M.!Nagao,!T.!Isomoto:!Journal!of!ASTM... !of!rolling!bearings!in:!J.!M.!Beswick!(Ed.),!Bearing!Steel!Technology:!ASTM!International,!Philadelphia,!USA,!2002:!pp.!197–212.!![7]!W.!Solano(Alvarez,!H.!K.!D.!H.!Bhadeshia:!Submitted!to!Metallurgical!and!Materials!Transactions!A!2013.! ! 15! ![8]!R...

Solano-Alvarez, W.; Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

293

Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilities Utilities Jump to: navigation, search Utilities Electric Utility Rates The Utilities Gateway houses OpenEI's free, community-editable utility rate repository. OpenEI users may browse, edit and add new electric utility rates to OpenEI's repository. EIA provides the authoritative list of utility companies in the United States, and thus OpenEI limits utility rates to companies listed by EIA. 43,031 rates have been contributed for 3,832 EIA-recognized utility companies. Browse rates by zip code Browse rates by utility name Create or edit a rate Number of Utility Companies by State Click on a state to view summaries for that state. See a list of all U.S. utility companies and aliases Utility Rate Database Description The Utility Rate Database (URDB) is a free storehouse of rate structure

294

Open cycle thermoacoustics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new type of thermodynamic device combining a thermodynamic cycle with the externally applied steady flow of an open thermodynamic process is discussed and experimentally demonstrated. The gas flowing through this device can be heated or cooled in a series of semi-open cyclic steps. The combination of open and cyclic flows makes possible the elimination of some or all of the heat exchangers (with their associated irreversibility). Heat is directly exchanged with the process fluid as it flows through the device when operating as a refrigerator, producing a staging effect that tends to increase First Law thermodynamic efficiency. An open-flow thermoacoustic refrigerator was built to demonstrate this concept. Several approaches are presented that describe the physical characteristics of this device. Tests have been conducted on this refrigerator with good agreement with a proposed theory.

Reid, Robert Stowers

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Horvatic | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: Horvatic Place: Bregna, Croatia Sector: Solar Product: Croatia-bases solar energy specialist. References: Horvatic1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

296

Aralco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aralco Place: Santo Antnio, Brazil Zip: 16130-000 SP Product: Sao Paulo based ethanol producer. References: Aralco1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

297

Eletrovento | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13082 780 Sector: Wind energy Product: Produces and installs 500W, 2KW, and 5KW wind turbines. References: Eletrovento1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

298

Severe Open Ankle Sprain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M EDICINE Severe Open Ankle Sprain Bridget A. Sinnott, MD*with complaints of right ankle pain. Twelve hours before, heand abrading his right ankle. He noted continued bleeding

Sinnott, Bridget A; Strote, Jared

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Akuacom | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: California-based provider of technology and services for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR). References: Akuacom1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

300

Betasol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name: Betasol Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spanish developer of solar PV projects. References: Betasol1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Utisol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Solar Product: Installation and maintenance of clean energy equipment such as solar PV. References: Utisol1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

302

Bioenergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bioenergy: Energy produced from organic materials from plants or animals. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle 1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it....

303

Amprius | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California Zip: 94025 Product: California-based company that manufactures silicon-based anode materials. References: Amprius1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

304

Solexel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with NREL Yes Partnership Type Test & Evaluation Partner Partnering Center within NREL Science & Technology Partnership Year 2008 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

305

OpenDAP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

access to large NetCDF and HDF5 datasets that are on NERSC filesytems. OpenDAPis an API through which the sub-seection requested is part of a URL which is processed on the...

306

Developer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Below are access to resources, guides, and tutorials for OpenEI Developers. Contents 1 Content Developer 2 Linked Data 2.1 Background 2.2 Outside Resources 3 Links to developer...

307

Alcopan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alcopan Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alcopan Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer. References: Alcopan1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

308

OpenEI:Verifiability | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Verifiability Verifiability Jump to: navigation, search Any content to be included in the OpenEI platform must give attribution to a reliable and verifiable source. In particular, content that is likely to be challenged must have a verifiable source. Verifiability is a principal core policy of the OpenEI platform. To learn more about how to give attribution and providing citations see Help:Citations. When content is found where no reference is given, please consider marking it with Template:citation needed. If content is found where the source provided cannot be verified, please consider marking it with Template:citation incomplete. For further information please refer to the model for this policy, Wikipedia's Verifiability policy.[1] References ↑ Wikipedia:Verifiability

309

OpenEI:TODO | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TODO TODO Jump to: navigation, search This page is used to track outstanding work in the OpenEnergyInfo project. For lower-level TODO tasks which are tied to specific pages, see Category:Articles with outstanding TODO tasks. Outstanding general tasks Provide direct references from our articles to our Linked Open Data URIs. Finalize naming and branding. Logo favicon Develop supplemental videos and screencasts. Informational (how to use the Wiki) Promotional (why you should use the Wiki) Ensure that we have at least one feature-quality article in every major category. Develop a project FAQ. Add some kind of task categorization mechanism to our TODO Template. It'd be nice, for example, to be able to group together all "graphics" tasks so that people with artistic skills could easily find the areas where

310

Characterization of stainless steel 304 tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Earlier studies have shown that stainless steel 304 (SS304) containing martensite is susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement. This generated concern regarding the structural integrity of SS304 tubing we use in the W87 pit tube. During surveillance operations, the pit tube undergoes a series of bending and straightening as it goes through a number of surveillance cycles. This motivated the study to characterize austenitic SS304 tubing obtained from Rocky Flats. The tubes continued to display structural soundness even after numerous repeated bending and straightening cycles. The minimum and maximum number of bends to failure occurred after 13 and 16 cycles, respectively. After 5 bends, both the inner and outer surfaces of the tubing showed no microcracks. When the bent tubing samples were pressurized and tested using deuterium at 74{degrees}C and at {approximately}78{degrees}C, they failed away from the bent area. Thus deuterium embrittlement of the bent SS304 tubing should not be a problem. Moreover, to increase our 95% confidence level to 5 bends, we are planning to perform at least four additional bends to failure tests.

Sunwoo, A.J.; Brooks, M.A.; Kervin, J.E.

1995-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

311

Open Energy Information Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OpenEIS (energy information OpenEIS (energy information systems) Jessica Granderson Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory JGranderson@lbl.gov, 510.486.6792 April 3, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Advanced algorithms and analyses can enable 5-40% savings, yet are rarely adopted; 3 relevant barriers include: 1. Lack of awareness that simple analytics can be used to generate valuable insights and actionable information, without further training

312

Open Energy Information Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OpenEIS (energy information OpenEIS (energy information systems) Jessica Granderson Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory JGranderson@lbl.gov, 510.486.6792 April 3, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Advanced algorithms and analyses can enable 5-40% savings, yet are rarely adopted; 3 relevant barriers include: 1. Lack of awareness that simple analytics can be used to generate valuable insights and actionable information, without further training

313

Heavy reflector experiments in the IPEN/MB-01 reactor: Stainless steel, carbon steel and nickel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New experiments devoted to the measurements of physical parameters of a light water core surrounded by a heavy reflector were performed in the IPEN/MB-01 research reactor facility. These experiments comprise three sets of heavy reflector (SS-304, Carbon Steel, and Nickel) in a form of laminates around 3 mm thick. Each set was introduced individually in the west face of the core of the IPEN/MB-01 reactor. The aim here is to provide high quality experimental data for the interpretation and validation of the SS-304 heavy reflector calculation methods. The experiments of Carbon Steel, which is composed mainly of iron, and Nickel were performed to provide a consistent and an interpretative check for the SS-304 reflector experiment. The experimental results comprise critical control bank positions, temperatures and reactivities as a function of the number of the plates. Particularly to the case of Nickel, the experimental data are unique of its kind. The theoretical analysis was performed by MCNP-5 with the nuclear data library ENDF/B-VII.0. It was shown that this nuclear data library has a very good performance up to thirteen plates and overestimates the reactivity for higher number of plates independently of the type of the reflector.

Santos, Adimir dos; Andrade e Silva, Graciete Simoes de; Jerez, Rogerio; Liambos Mura, Luis Felipe; Fuga, Rinaldo [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 2242 - CEP 05508-000 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

314

Questions about OpenEI? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Questions about OpenEI? Questions about OpenEI? Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 5 February, 2010 - 13:59 imported OpenEI What's the best way to find and use OpenEI information? How can you create and edit pages, link to existing information or add your own? How can OpenEI add value to your work? If you have questions like these--or want to share your thoughts about the answers--join the OpenEI Discussion Group. The most active and informed OpenEI members use the group constantly. If you have a question, they'll have the answer. Join in! Groups: OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's blog Latest blog posts Jweers New Robust References! Posted: 7 Aug 2013 - 18:23 by Jweers 1 comment(s)

315

Fabrication of 316-L stainless steel and composite micro machine components using softlithography and powder metallurgy process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a new approach to fabricate high precision micro machine components from stainless steel and stainless steel ceramic composite materials, using Softlithography and… (more)

Imbaby, Mohamed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Macroencapsulation of lead and steel SWARF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The treatability study to macroencapsulate radioactively contaminated lead and steel swarf (cuttings and/or chips)and chunks, a low level mixed waste, from the dismantlement of excess surplus uranium fuel handling and transfer casks was successful. Macroencapsulation is the land disposal restriction treatment standard for this waste form per 40 CFR 268.42 Table 3. An epoxy-based thermoset system was employed due to cracking failures of other types of thermoset systems. Bench scale tests were performed with a two-part epoxy (resin and hardener) using cast iron chips as a surrogate waste media. A two stage encapsulation process was employed in treating the swarf. Two liters of epoxy were added to a 2.8{ell} (3 qt) container of swarf under 51K Pa vacuum (-15-inch of Hg) during the first stage of the process. In this stage each individual particle or chip was wetted by epoxy and allowed to harden into an initial monolith. The second stage encapsulated the initial monolith with a secondary layer of epoxy forming a larger final monolith. By evacuating the air from the swarf and epoxy during the initial monolith encapsulation, a higher density (higher swarf to epoxy ratio) was achieved. Tensile and compressive strength tests were performed on samples and without any media (cast iron chips). The coupons were prepared from a series of monoliths featuring various mixtures ratios and vacuum levels. The tensile strength of epoxy without chips averaged 41M Pa (6000 psi) and 1.4M Pa (2000 psi) with cast iron chips. Compression strengths averaged 140M Pa (20,000 psi) without chips and 66.2M Pa (9600 psi) with cast iron chips.

Zirker, L.; Thiesen, T.; Tyson, D.; Beitel, G.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Supercritical CO2-Corrosion in Heat Treated Steel Pipes during Carbon Capture and Storage CCS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat treatment of steels used for engineering a saline aquifer Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) site may become...2...) into deep geological rock formations. 13% Chromium steel injection pipes heat treated differ...

Anja Pfennig; Phillip Zastrow…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically-based phenomenological model. On deformation twinning in a 17.5%Mn-TWIP steel: A physically-based phenomenological...

319

Inventory management of steel plates at an oil rig construction company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keppel Fels produces make-to-order oil exploration rigs for the global market. Each rig requires close to 6000 metric tons of steel in the course of its production. Optimal management of this steel is very critical in this ...

Tan, Chien Yung

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

THE DEVELOPMENT OF NICKEL-FREE AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEELS FOR AMBIENT AND CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STEELS FOR AMBIENT AND CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS Glen T.U. C. Berkeley, "The Cryogenic Properties of Fe-Mn and Fe-STEELS FOR AMBIENT AND CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS Glen T.

Haddick, Glen T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NICKEL-FREE Fe-12Mn-0.2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O. 2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS S'. Hwang, S.0.2Ti ALLOY STEEL FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS by S. Hwang, S.was investigated for cryogenic applications. The systematic

Hwang, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

ITP Steel: Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In recent years there has been an increasing demand to reduce and control the amount of dissolved gases in steel. Hydrogen and nitrogen are two of the most important gases which when dissolved in liquid steel affect its properties significantly

323

A Computational-based Approach for the Design of Trip Steels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to optimize the chemical composition as well as the heat treatment for improving the mechanical performance of the TRIP steel by employing the theoretical models. TRIP steel consists of the microstructure with ferrite...

Li, Sheng-Yen

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

324

Vehicle Technologies Office: Short-Term Lightweight Materials Research (Advanced High-Strength Steel and Aluminum)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office supports research into replacing heavy steel components with materials such as high-strength steel, aluminum, or glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites in vehicles, which can decrease component weight by 10-60 percent.

325

Sustainability Assessment and Relevant Indicators of Steel Support Structures for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental and operational loads are design drivers for steel support structures of Offshore Wind Turbines. Besides common design and installation factors a ... developed for steel constructions of renewable f...

Peter Schaumann; Anne Bechtel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Jessop Steel Co - PA 17  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Jessop Steel Co - PA 17 Jessop Steel Co - PA 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: JESSOP STEEL CO. (PA.17 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 500 Green Street , Washington , Pennsylvania PA.17-3 Evaluation Year: 1991 PA.17-1 Site Operations: Metal fabrication for the AEC in the early 1950s. PA.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Limited quantities of radioactive material handled on site - Potential for residual radioactive contamination is considered remote - Confirmed by radiological survey PA.17-1 PA.17-2 PA.17-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium PA.17-1 Radiological Survey(s): Yes PA.17-3 Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP

327

Mr. Frank Iannizzara Engineering Department Copperweld Steel Company  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Frank Iannizzara Frank Iannizzara Engineering Department Copperweld Steel Company 4000 Mahoning Street Warren, Ohio 44482 Dear Mr. Iannizzara: At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and with your company's radiological survey I am enclosing a consent, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) performed a of the Copperweld Steel Company facility in Warren, Ohio. copy of the ORNL report, entitled Preliminarv Site Survev Reoort of the Coooerweld Steel Comoanv. 4000 Mahoninq Avenue. NW, Warren, Ohio (CWOOOll. This report has also been furnished to the United Steelworkers of America (Local 2243), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the State of Ohio for their use. The survey found that the radiation levels and measured radioactivity are not

328

Questions and Answers - What's the melting point of steel?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

If you jumped into a pool of liquid oxygen,would your body instantly crystallize? If you jumped into a pool of liquid oxygen,<br>would your body instantly crystallize? Previous Question (If you jumped into a pool of liquid oxygen, would your body instantly crystallize?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (What is a material with a freezing point above 0 degrees Celsius?) What is a material with a freezingpoint above 0 degrees Celsius? What's the melting point of steel? That depends on the alloy of steel you are talking about. The term alloy is almost always used incorrectly these days, especially amongst bicyclists. They use the term to mean aluminum. What the term alloy really means is a mixture of metals, any kind of metals. Almost all metal used today is a mixture and therefore an alloy. Most steel has other metals added to tune its properties, like strength,

329

Energy and materials flows in the iron and steel industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Past energy-consumption trends and future energy-conservation opportunities are investigated for the nation's iron and steel industry. It is estimated that, in 1980, the industry directly consumed approximately 2.46 x 10/sup 15/ Btu of energy (roughly 3% of total US energy consumption) to produce 111 million tons of raw steel and to ship 84 million tons of steel products. Direct plus indirect consumption is estimated to be about 3.1 x 10/sup 15/ Btu. Of the set of conservation technologies identified, most are judged to be ready for commercialization if and when the industry's capital formation and profitability problems are solved and the gradual predicted increase in energy prices reduces the payback periods to acceptable levels.

Sparrow, F.T.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

31 - Use of High-Strength Pipeline Steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing demand for oil and gas worldwide requires the construction of high-pressure gas transmission lines with the greatest possible transport efficiency, so the tendency is toward using line pipe of larger diameter and for higher operation pressure, which leads to using higher strength steel grades to avoid large wall thickness. The materials being developed for subsea pipelines and risers are grades X70 and X80 for nonsour service and grades X65 and X70 with a wall thickness of up to 40 mm for sour service. In this chapter, the uses of high-strength steel for subsea pipelines, technological challenges, and solutions are reviewed. The potential benefits and disadvantages of high-strength steels are discussed.

Qiang Bai; Yong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Determination of dynamic fracture parameters for HF?1 steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic fracture parameters have been determined for two heat treatments of HF?1 steel. A gas gun was used for the experiments. Different amounts of fracture damage were produced in HF?1 steel specimens under known impact conditions. The specimens were soft recovered sectioned and polished to reveal any internal microscopic fracture. The fracturecracks were then digitized. The velocities of the 1.15? 1.59? and 2.37?mm?thick impactor disks range from 0.120 to 0.276 km/s. The specimen disks were 3.18? and 6.35?mm thick. An SRI stress wave propagationcomputer program with a brittlefracturemodel was used for calculating the dynamic fracture parameters. A series of Hugoniot experiments was performed for HF?1 steel to determine equation of state input data for the computer program. The Hugoniot elastic limits were 2.2 and 2.4 GPa for the two heat treatments.

Willis Mock Jr.; William H. Holt

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Performance of weathering steel in a transmission structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Florida utility company sought to evaluate the current condition of a typical transmission structure and determine the applicability of weathering steel in the South Florida environment. The structure, a 500 kV tubular steel pole tangent suspension structure, was removed from service and dissected. Visual inspections and metal thickness data were collected for the interior as well as the exterior. Results from the evaluation concluded that the transmission tower met or exceeded design expectations after 16 years of service with the exception of two identified areas of concern. Conclusions include how to avoid application problems in the design stage and how to retrofit existing structures. Weathering steels continue to be a viable option for tubular transmission structure applications because of their durability, low maintenance and reduced weights.

Arasim, J.F.; Busch, D.W. [Florida Power and Light Co., Juno Beach, FL (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Method to Improve Steel Creep Strength by Alloy Design  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Improve Steel Creep Strength by Alloy Design to Improve Steel Creep Strength by Alloy Design and Heat Treatment Opportunity Research is active on the patent pending technology, titled "Creep Resistant High Temperature Martensitic Steel." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview The operating efficiency of coal-fired power plants is directly related to combustion system temperature and pressure. Incorporation of ultrasupercritical (USC) steam conditions into new or existing power plants can increase efficiency and reduce coal utilization, while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Traditional materials used in USC power plants do not possess the creep capability for long-term use above 610 °C. Under USC

334

Electrical resistance tomography from measurements inside a steel cased borehole  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrical resistance tomography (ERT) produced from measurements taken inside a steel cased borehole. A tomographic inversion of electrical resistance measurements made within a steel casing was then made for the purpose of imaging the electrical resistivity distribution in the formation remotely from the borehole. The ERT method involves combining electrical resistance measurements made inside a steel casing of a borehole to determine the electrical resistivity in the formation adjacent to the borehole; and the inversion of electrical resistance measurements made from a borehole not cased with an electrically conducting casing to determine the electrical resistivity distribution remotely from a borehole. It has been demonstrated that by using these combined techniques, highly accurate current injection and voltage measurements, made at appropriate points within the casing, can be tomographically inverted to yield useful information outside the borehole casing.

Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA); Schenkel, Clifford (Walnut Creek, CA); Ramirez, Abelardo L. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Connection of modular steel beam precast slab units with cast-in-place closure pour slabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

monolithic continuous deck. The effects of the cold joints and discontinuous steel details are the focus of the research work....

Brush, Natalie Camille

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - aisi52100 hardened steel Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of hardened AISI 52100 bearing steel... ... Source: Ozel, Tugrul - Department of Industrial Engineering, Rutgers University Collection: Engineering 4 Predictive modeling...

337

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint- Sector: Iron and Steel (NAICS 3311, 3312), October 2012 (MECS 2006)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) with Total Energy Input

338

Wear-Resistant NanoCompositeStainless Steel Coatings and Bits  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objective: To develop ultra-hard and wear resistant nanocompositestainless steel coatings and bulk components for geothermal drilling applications.

339

Cyclic Testing of Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Bridge Piers having Encased Fixed-Based Detail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

there is no need for stain protection on piers when the superstructure is of weathering steel although some

Bruneau, Michel

340

OPEN GOVERNMENT | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OPEN GOVERNMENT OPEN GOVERNMENT OPEN GOVERNMENT Sun Shines through the Capitol Building | Credit: GC Photographer Daniel Zazueta Sun Shines through the Capitol Building | Credit: GC Photographer Daniel Zazueta The Office of the General Counsel is proud to provide the public with access to its governmental processes and information. On January 21, 2009, President Barack Obama issued a Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, where he pledged, "My Administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government." The Department

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Measuring the Magnetic Flux Density in the CMS Steel Yoke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is a general purpose detector, designed to run at the highest luminosity at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Its distinctive features include a 4 T superconducting solenoid with 6-m-diameter by 12.5-m-length free bore, enclosed inside a 10000-ton return yoke made of construction steel. The return yoke consists of five dodecagonal three-layered barrel wheels and four end-cap disks at each end comprised of steel blocks up to 620 mm thick, which serve as the absorber plates of the muon detection system. Accurate characterization of the magnetic field everywhere in the CMS detector is required. To measure the field in and around the steel, a system of 22 flux-loops and 82 3-D Hall sensors is installed on the return yoke blocks. Fast discharges of the solenoid (190 s time-constant) made during the CMS magnet surface commissioning test at the solenoid central fields of 2.64, 3.16, 3.68 and 4.01 T were used to induce voltages in the flux-loops. The voltages are measured on-line and integrated off-line to obtain the magnetic flux in the steel yoke close to the muon chambers at full excitations of the solenoid. The 3-D Hall sensors installed on the steel-air interfaces give supplementary information on the components of magnetic field and permit to estimate the remanent field in steel to be added to the magnetic flux density obtained by the voltages integration. A TOSCA 3-D model of the CMS magnet is developed to describe the magnetic field everywhere outside the tracking volume measured with the field-mapping machine. The results of the measurements and calculations are presented, compared and discussed.

V. I. Klyukhin; N. Amapane; A. Ball; B. Curé; A. Gaddi; H. Gerwig; A. Hervé; M. Mulders; R. Loveless

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

342

OpenEI search improvements | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI search improvements OpenEI search improvements Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 29 August, 2012 - 12:52 OpenEI Today OpenEI.org released some changes to search that have been in the works for 1-2 months. With some minor UI updates, we have also included new icons for our search results. Now, spotting and discovering a dataset, definition, tool or map file should be easier. OpenEI has many resources, too much for any one person to know and keep tabs on everything; so, I encourage you to use OpenEI search to find out about resources on the topics (solar, wind, geothermal, ...) or geographic region of interest to you. Groups: OpenEI Community Central Developer Login to post comments Rmckeel's blog Comments Dbrodt

343

New OpenEI Homepage | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New OpenEI Homepage New OpenEI Homepage Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 July, 2012 - 10:02 imported OpenEI OpenEI has gotten a makeover, and we couldn't help gush over how nice we think we look. The new homepage design makes it much easier to find your point of entry into OpenEI's large array of content and data. We've also integrated a new theme thats easier on the eyes, as well as promoted our energy apps and community activity to the main page. You are what drives OpenEI, so please, tell us what you think of the new look! Groups: OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's blog Latest blog posts Jweers New Robust References! Posted: 7 Aug 2013 - 18:23 by Jweers 1 comment(s) Graham7781

344

LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Open Space Sessions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Open Space Sessions LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Open Space Sessions Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us ACDS Workshop Participant Pack Agenda Accommodations Participants Location Arrival Form Open Space Sessions Speakers Presentations Links Contact Us Open Space Sessions OpenSpace.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org.

345

Visualizing OpenEI Data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Visualizing OpenEI Data Visualizing OpenEI Data Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 24 July, 2012 - 09:48 imported OpenEI Want to create a visualization like the one on the new OpenEI front page? There are several online tools that make organizing and visualizing data free and easy. OpenEI uses Google to visualize data in scatterplots, bar charts, and in the form of motion charts like that on the front page. However, many more tools exist to help visualize data. OpenEI would love to see some of your visualizations. Refer to this great article on data visualization Groups: OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's blog Latest blog posts Jweers New Robust References! Posted: 7 Aug 2013 - 18:23 by Jweers

346

Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers Michael Pollino1 and Michel Bruneau2 ABSTRACT In assessments of the seismic adequacy of existing steel bridges, the steel, especially for bridges deemed critical for response and recovery efforts following an earthquake. While

Bruneau, Michel

347

Solving Steel Mill Slab Problems with Constraint-Based Techniques: CP, LNS, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solving Steel Mill Slab Problems with Constraint-Based Techniques: CP, LNS, and CBLS Pierre Schaus, 2010 Abstract The Steel Mill Slab Problem is an optimization benchmark that has been studied for a long approaches. In a second part of the paper, we present a variation of the Steel Mill Slab Problem whose aim

Deville, Yves

348

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron and neutron diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cold drawn steel wires--processing, residual stresses and ductility Part II: Synchrotron Received in final form 29 September 2005 ABSTRACT Cold drawing of steel wires leads to an increase proposed that cold drawing would induce a phase transformation of the steel, possibly a martensitic

349

Experimental and numerical evaluation of electromagnetic acoustic transducer performance on steel materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and numerical evaluation of electromagnetic acoustic transducer performance on steel 2011 Keywords: Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers Magnetostriction Lorentz force Steel a b s t r a c of the test object. A wide variety of steel materials is employed in many industrial applications, so

Nagy, Peter B.

350

Journal of Constructional Steel Research 67 (2011) 261269 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Constructional Steel Research 67 (2011) 261­269 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Constructional Steel Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jcsr Retraining local and global buckling behavior of steel plastic hinges using CFRP Sherif El-Tawila, , Ekin Ekizb , Subhash

Chao, Shih-Ho

351

Behavior of steel monopoles strengthened with high-modulus CFRP materials B. Lanier a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior of steel monopoles strengthened with high-modulus CFRP materials B. Lanier a , D. Schnerch modulus Carbon fiber reinforced polymers Steel structures Design recommendations Monopole towers a b s t r a c t This paper introduces a strengthening technique for steel monopole towers using high

352

PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ST-263-1 PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL R the bond characteristics of Micro-composite Multi-structural Formable reinforcing steel rebars of the current equation of the ACI 318-02 Code on bond to predict the bond capacity of the MMFX steel rebars

353

Damage-based design of steel structures. Dr. Georgios Kamaris, School of Engineering, University of Warwick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Damage-based design of steel structures. Dr. Georgios Kamaris, School of Engineering, University method for seismic design of plane steel moment resisting framed structures is developed. This method of Steel Structures (2011) at the Department of Civil Engineering of the Univ. of Patras (Greece). He

Davies, Christopher

354

Seismic Behavior of Steel Girder Bridge Superstructures Ahmad M. Itani1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic Behavior of Steel Girder Bridge Superstructures Ahmad M. Itani1 ; Michel Bruneau2 ; Lyle Carden3 ; and Ian G. Buckle4 Abstract: Recent earthquakes exposed the vulnerabilities of steel plate girder bridges when subjected to ground shaking. This paper discusses the behavior of steel plate girder

Bruneau, Michel

355

Compact passive wireless reinforced concrete corrosion initiation sensor that can be installed in existing steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in existing steel Khalada Perveen, Greg. E. Bridges, Sharmistha Bhadra and Douglas J. Thomson Dept of the transfer of electron charge between the metal and its environment; here between the steel and the concrete. This is a property of the steel/concrete interface and not of the metal itself. Thus, it is impossible to determine

Boyer, Edmond

356

BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH HIGH-STRENGTH AND HIGH CORROSION-RESISTANT STEEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH HIGH- STRENGTH AND HIGH CORROSION-RESISTANT STEEL, high corrosion-resistant steel commercially known as Micro-composite Multi-structural Formable (MMFX) steel. The study included testing three full-scale bridge decks having a span-to-depth ratio of 12

357

Controlling a Steel Mill with BOXES Michael McGarity, Claude Sammut and David Clements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlling a Steel Mill with BOXES Michael McGarity, Claude Sammut and David Clements and Chambers (1968) to a large-scale, real-world problem, namely, learning to control a steel mill. By applying BOXES to a model of a skinpass mill (a type of steel mill), we find that the BOXES algorithm can be made

Sammut, Claude

358

Paper Number 05 Structural Fuses and Concrete-Filled Steel Shapes for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper Number 05 Structural Fuses and Concrete-Filled Steel Shapes for Seismic- and Multi-hazard design concepts. This paper presents recent research on structural fuses and concrete-filled steel shapes composite rectangular columns of Bi-Steel panels. Experimental results from another series of tests

Bruneau, Michel

359

Fast solution of optimal control problems in the selective cooling of steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast solution of optimal control problems in the selective cooling of steel F. Tr¨oltzsch and A of cooling milled steel profiles at a maximum rate subject to given bounds on the difference of temperatures in prescribed points of the steel profile. This leads to a nonlinear parabolic control problem with state

Chemnitz, Technische Universität

360

Fatigue and delayed brittle failure of vacuum melted and cadmium plated steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The detrimental effect of cyanide cadmium plating on fatigue strength and delayed brittle failure performance of an ultra high strength steel is reduced effectively by using vacuum melted steel as the basis metal. This phenomenon has been related predominantly to the increased tensile ductility of the steel with comparatively low hydrogen concentration.

W. Beck; E.J. Jankowsky; W.H. Golding

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

CREEP STRENGTH OF HIGH CR FERRITIC STEELS DESIGNED USING NEURAL NETWORKS AND PHASE STABILITY CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CREEP STRENGTH OF HIGH CR FERRITIC STEELS DESIGNED USING NEURAL NETWORKS AND PHASE STABILITY Development of heat-resistant steel for power boilers and turbines has been ongoing for about five decades. This has led to an increase in the thermal efficiency of power plants whenever innovative steels have been

Cambridge, University of

362

"Ceramics and high-temperature composites, silicides" Oxidation of Stainless Steel Powder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Powder, stainless steel, oxidation INTRODUCTION Ceramic matrix composites dispersed with metal particles"Ceramics and high-temperature composites, silicides" CHTC9 Oxidation of Stainless Steel Powder. To understand the corrosion behavior of a model 304L(p)-ZrO2(s) composite, a 304L stainless steel powder has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel M. S dependence of Charpy toughness has been investigated in API-X80 linepipe steel. The occurrence the origin of anisotropy in Charpy energy in API-X80 linepipe steel, as a function of test temperature

Cambridge, University of

364

The Influence of Steel Ductility and Link Reinforcement on Ductility of R.C Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Influence of Steel Ductility and Link Reinforcement on Ductility of R.C Beams Researcher : Wan is to study the effect of steel types on ductility of R.C beams With the following objectives Variation of beam load- deflection and ultimate rotation curves with steel types Variation of cracks model

Birmingham, University of

365

Design of Corrosion Allowances on Structures from Weathering Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The corrosion rate of the weathering steel is considerably lower than that of the standard carbon steel. In spite of this, possible effects of corrosion losses on reliable service of the structure throughout the designed service life should be considered when designing the structures. In practice, the effects of the expected corrosion losses are typically eliminated by corrosion allowances which are added to the thickness of the element calculated in static analyses.This paper introduces a new method used for calculation of corrosion allowances. The application of the procedure for calculation of corrosion allowances is explained using example of a bridge structure.

V. K?ivý

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Creep of A508/533 Pressure Vessel Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Evaluation of potential Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steels has been carried out as part of the pre-conceptual Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design studies. These design studies have generally focused on American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code status of the steels, temperature limits, and allowable stresses. Initially, three candidate materials were identified by this process: conventional light water reactor (LWR) RPV steels A508 and A533, 2¼Cr-1Mo in the annealed condition, and Grade 91 steel. The low strength of 2¼Cr-1Mo at elevated temperature has eliminated this steel from serious consideration as the VHTR RPV candidate material. Discussions with the very few vendors that can potentially produce large forgings for nuclear pressure vessels indicate a strong preference for conventional LWR steels. This preference is based in part on extensive experience with forging these steels for nuclear components. It is also based on the inability to cast large ingots of the Grade 91 steel due to segregation during ingot solidification, thus restricting the possible mass of forging components and increasing the amount of welding required for completion of the RPV. Grade 91 steel is also prone to weld cracking and must be post-weld heat treated to ensure adequate high-temperature strength. There are also questions about the ability to produce, and very importantly, verify the through thickness properties of thick sections of Grade 91 material. The availability of large components, ease of fabrication, and nuclear service experience with the A508 and A533 steels strongly favor their use in the RPV for the VHTR. Lowering the gas outlet temperature for the VHTR to 750°C from 950 to 1000°C, proposed in early concept studies, further strengthens the justification for this material selection. This steel is allowed in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code for nuclear service up to 371°C (700°F); certain excursions above that temperature are allowed by Code Case N-499-2 (now incorporated as an appendix to Section III Division 5 of the Code). This Code Case was developed with a rather sparse data set and focused primarily on rolled plate material (A533 specification). Confirmatory tests of creep behavior of both A508 and A533 are described here that are designed to extend the database in order to build higher confidence in ensuring the structural integrity of the VHTR RPV during off-normal conditions. A number of creep-rupture tests were carried out at temperatures above the 371°C (700°F) Code limit; longer term tests designed to evaluate minimum creep behavior are ongoing. A limited amount of rupture testing was also carried out on welded material. All of the rupture data from the current experiments is compared to historical values from the testing carried out to develop Code Case N-499-2. It is shown that the A508/533 basemetal tested here fits well with the rupture behavior reported from the historical testing. The presence of weldments significantly reduces the time to rupture. The primary purpose of this report is to summarize and record the experimental results in a single document.

Richard Wright

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

EERE | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EERE Home Ianjkalin's picture Submitted by Ianjkalin(84) Contributor 23 September, 2012 - 15:52 Datapalooza Announcements APIs Big Data Datapalooza EDI EERE Open Data OpenEI New...

368

City of Mesa, Arizona (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mesa, Arizona (Utility Company) Mesa, Arizona (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Mesa Place Arizona Utility Id 12351 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dusk to Dawn Commercial Lighting Service (Existing Wood Pole) Lighting Dusk to Dawn Commercial Lighting Service (New Wood Pole) Lighting Dusk to Dawn Commercial Lighting Service (Steel Pole) Lighting Dusk to Dawn Residential Lighting Service Lighting

369

Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals) Place Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan Zip 540-0041 Sector Solar Product Engaged in the steel, engineering, and electronics businesses; works on fuel cell component technology and manufactures silicon wafers for the solar sector. References Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals) is a company located in Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan . References ↑ "Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sumitomo_Metal_Industries_Ltd_Sumitomo_Metals&oldid=351744"

370

geospatial | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

geospatial Home Geospatial Description: Discuss and explore geospatial data available on OpenEI. geospatial GIS spatial analysis...

371

POSITION OPENING APPLIED STATISTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Assistant or Associate Professor of Applied Statistics. Employment Beginning: September 16, 2012 DescriptionPOSITION OPENING APPLIED STATISTICS Department of Decision Sciences Charles H. Lundquist College at the University of Oregon is seeking to fill one tenure-track faculty position in Applied Statistics. Rank

Shepp, Larry

372

Towards open architecture system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of diverse standards while developing web and mobile technologies brings new challenges when it comes to flexibility, interoperability, customizability and extensibility of the software systems. In addition, such systems in most of the cases ... Keywords: Open architecture, customizability, evolvability, extensibility, flexibility, model, validation, web and mobile software

Bahtijar Vogel

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Galactic Open Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of open clusters has a classic feel to it since the subject predates anyone alive today. Despite the age of this topic, I show via an ADS search that its relevance and importance in astronomy has grown faster in the last few decades than astronomy in general. This is surely due to both technical reasons and the interconnection of the field of stellar evolution to many branches of astronomy. In this review, I outline what we know today about open clusters and what they have taught us about a range of topics from stellar evolution to Galactic structure to stellar disk dissipation timescales. I argue that the most important astrophysics we have learned from open clusters is stellar evolution and that its most important product has been reasonably precise stellar ages. I discuss where open cluster research is likely to go in the next few years, as well as in the era of 20m telescopes, SIM, and GAIA. Age will continue to be of wide relevance in astronomy, from cosmology to planet formation timescales, and with distance errors soon no longer a problem, improved ages will be critically important to many of the most fascinating astrophysical questions.

Ted von Hippel

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

374

OpenEI Community - OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New report from White New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid#comments energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Fri, 16

375

A new interpretation of the corrosion loss processes for weathering steels in marine atmospheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most available data sets for the long-term corrosion loss of various grades of weathering steel exposed to marine atmospheric environments are demonstrated to be consistent with the multi-phase corrosion model previously proposed for steels exposed to marine environments. This means that the early corrosion of weathering steels by oxidation is gradually inhibited by the build-up of corrosion products. These produce anoxic and sub-oxic conditions that may permit microbiological activity to govern the longer-term corrosion loss process. This new interpretation for the long-term corrosion of weathering steels may have implications for the design of such steels.

R.E. Melchers

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN DUCTILE STEEL DESIGN CONCEPTS M. Bruneau1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). That previous paper focused on research on Retrofit of Beam-to-Column Moment Connections, Frame Modifications Shear Walls, Plastic and Rotation Limits for Buildings and on Shear Links and Truss Piers for Bridges by the practicing engineering community over the past few years. In a first part, this paper focuses on Steel Plate

Bruneau, Michel

377

UNCORRECTED Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCORRECTED PROOF Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels M. GRUJICIC1 , J. R-5069, USA Received in final form 25 February 2002 AB ST R AC T Failure of the ceramic gun-barrel lining probability for the lining is also discussed. Keywords failure; gun-barrel lining; reliability; thermo

Grujicic, Mica

378

Stability-dependent Mass Isolation for Steel Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new seismic isolation system for steel building structures based on the principle of mass isolation is introduced. In this system, isolating interfaces are placed between the lateral-load-resisting sub-system and the gravity-load-resisting sub...

Peternell Altamira, Luis E 1981-

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

4 - Recrystallisation and grain growth in hot working of steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter analyses the hardening–softening mechanisms that operate during hot working of steels. Special attention is focused on such aspects as recrystallisation and strain-induced precipitation, which help to achieve refinement and conditioning of the austenite microstructure before transformation. An approach including both semi-empirical and physical models is described, followed by their application to selected industrial cases.

B. López; J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Reduction in Ductility of Austenitic Stainless Steel after Irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... We have irradiated 20 per cent chromium, 25 per cent nickel : niobium stabilized steel foils with a-particles and lithium ions respectively and determined the relative effect on the ductility ... 0-008 Tensile specimens with a parallel gauge length of 0 75 in. were die stamped from 0 001-in. thick strip and annealed at 750 C for 15 min ...

P. R. B. HIGGINS; A. C. ROBERTS

1965-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ferritic-martensitic steel subjected to equal channel angular extrusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is its superior radiation damage tolerance in comparison to typical austenitic stainless steels such as 316L. In some GenIV applications, it also has a significantly higher corrosion resistance. Further improvement of both is necessary if GenIV designs...

Foley, David Christopher

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Monitoring of Fracture Cri0cal Steel Bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Monitoring of Fracture Cri0cal Steel Bridges: Acous0c Emission Sensors Fracture System Needs to Iden0fy: · Crack Ini0a0on · Crack Propaga0on · Weld Fracture Advanced Warning of Structural Distress #12;Technology Selec0on: Acous0c

Minnesota, University of

383

Low Temperature Air Bake of Stainless Steel for Very Low  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time ago -- 1977-1990. #12;ISIS Requirements are for High Vacuum, but built to uhv standards steel e.g. 304, 316L. Manufacturers of UHV components were, and I assume, are still well aware sure all manufacturers are well aware these processes. #12;UHV ­ The Gravity Wave Detector Requirements

384

Electrical resistance tomography using steel cased boreholes as electrodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical resistance tomography method is described which uses steel cased boreholes as electrodes. The method enables mapping the electrical resistivity distribution in the subsurface from measurements of electrical potential caused by electrical currents injected into an array of electrodes in the subsurface. By use of current injection and potential measurement electrodes to generate data about the subsurface resistivity distribution, which data is then used in an inverse calculation, a model of the electrical resistivity distribution can be obtained. The inverse model may be constrained by independent data to better define an inverse solution. The method utilizes pairs of electrically conductive (steel) borehole casings as current injection electrodes and as potential measurement electrodes. The greater the number of steel cased boreholes in an array, the greater the amount of data is obtained. The steel cased boreholes may be utilized for either current injection or potential measurement electrodes. The subsurface model produced by this method can be 2 or 3 dimensional in resistivity depending on the detail desired in the calculated resistivity distribution and the amount of data to constrain the models. 2 figs.

Daily, W.D.; Ramirez, A.L.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Electrical resistance tomography using steel cased boreholes as electrodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical resistance tomography method using steel cased boreholes as electrodes. The method enables mapping the electrical resistivity distribution in the subsurface from measurements of electrical potential caused by electrical currents injected into an array of electrodes in the subsurface. By use of current injection and potential measurement electrodes to generate data about the subsurface resistivity distribution, which data is then used in an inverse calculation, a model of the electrical resistivity distribution can be obtained. The inverse model may be constrained by independent data to better define an inverse solution. The method utilizes pairs of electrically conductive (steel) borehole casings as current injection electrodes and as potential measurement electrodes. The greater the number of steel cased boreholes in an array, the greater the amount of data is obtained. The steel cased boreholes may be utilized for either current injection or potential measurement electrodes. The subsurface model produced by this method can be 2 or 3 dimensional in resistivity depending on the detail desired in the calculated resistivity distribution and the amount of data to constain the models.

Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA); Ramirez, Abelardo L. (Pleasanton, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

OpenEI:Get Involved | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI:Get Involved OpenEI:Get Involved Jump to: navigation, search How to GET INVOLVED WITH OpenEI Get involved with OpenEI Easy Ways You Can Get Involved Beginner.jpg Newbie Are you new to OpenEI, but not sure how to get started? That's ok! Its easy to get involved and contribute to OpenEI. Sign up for an account then start contributing wiki content Use social media to help share the word about OpenEI Join a local energy or technology interest group Scientist.jpg Content Developer Are you interested in adding, contributing, and editing content on OpenEI? Find out how to create and grow OpenEI's content and contribute. Create a New Page Upload Dataset - txt, zip, xml, csv, xls, xlsx, doc, docx, pdf, json, cbwfdb format Upload File - png, gif, jpg, jpeg, pdf, ppt, pptx format Join an OpenEI Project - OpenEI projects tackle specific challenges

387

A quality OpenEI entry | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A quality OpenEI entry A quality OpenEI entry Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 9 February, 2010 - 11:34 imported OpenEI Here is a video highlighting 5 key characteristics of a quality OpenEI entry for Vestas, a wind company based in Randers, Denmark. These characteristics are: A form filled out completely, with good references The first sentence with the company in bold, location as a link. Good table of contents Images for style YouTube video embedded into the article. There is specific syntax required to complete some of these steps, which are highlighted in the video. More information can be found at the OpenEI Help page. You can find this video, along with all other videos at our OpenEI youtube channel.

388

Proceedings of NAMRI/SME, Vol. 40, 2012 PVD Coated Mill Rolls for Cold Rolling of Stainless Steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of NAMRI/SME, Vol. 40, 2012 PVD Coated Mill Rolls for Cold Rolling of Stainless Steel related to tribological and mechanical characteristics of the surface layer of rolls. Stainless steel of stainless steel strips. KEYWORDS Strip rolling, Stainless steel, TiN PVD Coating, TiBN, CrN. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

Steel Factorand c-kit Regulate Cell-Matrix Adhesion By Tatsuo Kinashi and Timothy A. Springer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steel Factorand c-kit Regulate Cell-Matrix Adhesion By Tatsuo Kinashi and Timothy A. Springer Steel (SI) and white spotting (W) loci encode steel factor (c-kitligand) andthe c-kit tyrosine kinase adhesionusingbone marrow-derived mast cells as a model system.Steel factor stimulatesmast cells to bind

Springer, Timothy A.

390

Bulk Nanostructured FCC Steels With Enhanced Radiation Tolerance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to increase radiation tolerance in austenitic steels through optimization of grain size and grain boundary (GB) characteristics. The focus will be on nanocrystalline austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni alloys with an fcc crystal structure. The long-term goal is to design and develop bulk nanostructured austenitic steels with enhanced void swelling resistance and substantial ductility, and to enhance their creep resistance at elevated temperatures via GB engineering. The combination of grain refinement and grain boundary engineering approaches allows us to tailor the material strength, ductility, and resistance to swelling by 1) changing the sink strength for point defects, 2) by increasing the nucleation barriers for bubble formation at GBs, and 3) by changing the precipitate distributions at boundaries. Compared to ferritic/martensitic steels, austenitic stainless steels (SS) possess good creep and fatigue resistance at elevated temperatures, and better toughness at low temperature. However, a major disadvantage of austenitic SS is that they are vulnerable to significant void swelling in nuclear reactors, especially at the temperatures and doses anticipated in the Advanced Burner Reactor. The lack of resistance to void swelling in austenitic alloys led to the switch to ferritic/martensitic steels as the preferred material for the fast reactor cladding application. Recently a type of austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS, was developed at ORNL, and is expected to show enhanced void swelling resistance through the trapping of point defects at nanometersized carbides. Reducing the grain size and increasing the fraction of low energy grain boundaries should reduce the available radiation-produced point defects (due to the increased sink area of the grain boundaries), should make bubble nucleation at the boundaries less likely (by reducing the fraction of high-energy boundaries), and improve the strength and ductility under radiation by producing a higher density of nanometer sized carbides on the boundaries. This project will focus on void swelling but advances in processing of austenitic steels are likely to also improve the radiation response of the mechanical properties.

Xinghang Zhang; Hartwig, K. Ted; Todd Allen; Yong Yang

2012-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

391

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Hasanbeigi, Ali, Lynn K. Price, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Date Published June/2011 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Iron & Steel Research Institute, Iron and Steel Industry Keywords energy intensity, energy use, Low Emission & Efficient Industry Abstract Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steelproduced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order industry energy use to develop a common framework for comparing steel intensity energy use.

392

An experimental study concerning the effect of temperature on phase velocity in a 3 layered, steel-Polydimethylsiloxane-steel, plate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of PDMS, such as elongation and shear moduli, can be varied through temperature. The application of this research is polymer composite curing and extrusion. Using the Lamb formulation for elastic waves in steel plates, a theory for a 3 layered plate...

Sherman, Marcell

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

mediawiki | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mediawiki mediawiki Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 25 March, 2013 - 12:22 New Result Formats on OpenEI developer mediawiki OpenEI Semantic Mediawiki wiki As a result of the recent upgrade, and some internal improvements, OpenEI now features a host of new result formats to enhance your wiki content. You can find a list of them right here: http://semantic-mediawiki.org/wiki/Result_formats I would like to call extra attention to two of these: Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 8 November, 2012 - 12:58 OpenEI dashboard Google Analytics mediawiki OpenEI statistics wiki OpenEI web traffic from Bangalore, India Did you know that in the last month, 621 people in Bangalore, India spent 16 hours browsing OpenEI.org? Or that in the last year, 14,243 people found out about an energy app

394

imported | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

imported imported Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 24 July, 2012 - 09:48 Visualizing OpenEI Data imported OpenEI Want to create a visualization like the one on the new OpenEI front page? There are several online tools that make organizing and visualizing data free and easy. Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 July, 2012 - 10:02 New OpenEI Homepage imported OpenEI OpenEI has gotten a makeover, and we couldn't help gush over how nice we think we look. Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 10 July, 2012 - 14:04 S & P Opines on Securitizing Distributed Generation imported OpenEI Article originally published at NREL's Renewable Energy Project Finance website Graham7781's picture

395

Grupo Alfonso Gallardo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gallardo Place: Spain Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Badajoz-based steel manufacturer with operations throughout Spain. Involved in the development of solar and wind...

396

POET | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

POET POET Jump to: navigation, search Name POET Place Sioux Falls, South Dakota Zip 57104 Product Bioethanol production management, research, plant design and construction firm. References POET[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. POET is a company located in Sioux Falls, South Dakota . References ↑ "POET" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=POET&oldid=349824" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

397

Fermilab Family Open House  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sunday, February 9, 2014 Sunday, February 9, 2014 1:00–5:00 PM Directions to Fermilab This is a party for children who bring an adult with them to learn about the world of physics. (There's plenty for the grown-ups, too.) Events include: Watch Mr. Freeze's fabulous cryogenics show Explore physics concepts with hands-on activities Ask a scientist your physics questions. Take a tour! And more! The Open House is most appropriate for children in grades 3 and up. The event is free. Register only if you wish to go on a tour (minimum age 10). Otherwise, you do not have to register. You should pick up the tickets for the tours in the atrium on the day of the event. Tickets not picked up at least 10 minutes before a tour starts will be released. The Open House is co-supported by Fermilab Friends for Science Education and the Education Office.

398

Commission | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

57 57 Varnish cache server Commission Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains oil and gas drilling and permit records for February 2011. State oil and gas boards and commissions make oil and gas data and information open to the public. To view the full range of data contained at the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, visit http://doa.alaska.gov/ogc/ Source Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Date Released February 28th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Alaska Commission gas oil Well record Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon http://doa.alaska.gov/ogc/drilling/dindex.html (xls, 34.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Monthly Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

399

Contribute | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contribute Contribute Jump to: navigation, search Get involved with OpenEI Contents 1 Abstract 2 Utility Rates 3 Tools 4 Events 5 Definitions 6 Energy Generation Facility 7 Incentives and Policies for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency 8 Companies & Organizations 9 Creating a Page From Scratch Abstract OpenEI is a global knowledge-sharing community working together to connect people with the latest information and data on energy resources. Even if you're not an energy expert, you may have some information that could help our community continue to grow. Maybe we don't yet have the rate structure for your electric utility -- you can add it. Maybe you know about a new wind farm or geothermal facility that was recently developed -- you can add that information here. Or maybe you're attending an upcoming energy-related

400
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

MHK Technologies/Open Centre Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Turbine Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Open Centre Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization OpenHydro Group Limited Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/OpenHydro Alderney Channel Islands UK *MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Open-Centre Turbine is designed to be deployed directly on the seabed. The Open-Centre Turbine is a horizontal axis turbine with a direct-drive, permanent magnetic generator that has a slow-moving rotor and lubricant-free operation, which decreases maintenance and minimizes risk to marine life.

402

OpenEI:Projects/Motion Charts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charts Charts Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Motion Chart Creation for OpenEI Admin 2 Setting up the Data and Getting Embed Code 3 Create Your OpenEI Widget 4 Finish the Widget 5 Finished Product Motion Chart Creation for OpenEI Admin If you are an OpenEI administrator and are interested in creating a motion chart widget, you've come to the right place! Setting up the Data and Getting Embed Code The basic information about organizing your data, using Google Docs and Google's motion chart, and getting the embed code (Steps 1 to 3) is available here:Help:Motion_Chart The next steps are: Create Your OpenEI Widget Now that you have your code, its time to set-up your widget: Log-in at OpenEI In the search box, type Widget:Example and replace example with the name of your widget

403

OpenEI API listing | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI API listing OpenEI API listing Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 29 June, 2012 - 09:30 developer web services We had an internal OpenEI strategy conversation just this week, and we spoke somewhat indirectly about a list of energy APIs on OpenEI. We have the Energy Hackathon Resource page, but I want to draw energy developers here instead of a plain vanilla page. Wouldn't it be nice to have a list, perhaps a faceted list, of energy APIs, datasets, etc? Well, we might be able to make that happen. I saw http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/06/24/75-new-apis-adobe-amazon-sendgrid-and-yahoo/, which mentioned the OpenEI listing at http://www.programmableweb.com/api/open-energy-information. Perhaps programmableweb would be a great, updated resource for APIs that we could

404

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central Home > OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: developer Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry developer New Robust References! Jweers 1 8 Aug 2013 - 08:12 Blog entry developer Multicolor Maps from Compound Queries Jweers 16 May 2013 - 14:22 Blog entry developer New Result Formats on OpenEI Jweers 25 Mar 2013 - 12:22 Blog entry developer OpenEI maintenance March 8-9, 2013 Rmckeel 8 Mar 2013 - 14:23 Blog entry developer Current and historical incentive data available as XML! Rmckeel 11 Sep 2012 - 13:41 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information

405

Quickstart Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quickstart Guide Quickstart Guide Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI.jpg Contents 1 OpenEI Quick-Start Guide 1.1 Creating and Editing OpenEI Pages 1.1.1 Core content policies 1.1.2 Creating an account 1.1.3 Creating and editing pages 1.1.4 Spanish-language page tracking 1.1.5 Help 1.1.6 OpenEI Discussion Group 1.2 Monitoring OpenEI Pages 1.2.1 Monitoring new pages and page changes 1.2.2 Managing a Wiki Watchlist 1.3 Participating in the OpenEI Community OpenEI Quick-Start Guide Creating and Editing OpenEI Pages Core content policies Before you begin creating or editing pages, please review the OpenEI core content policies. In brief, OpenEI content should meet the following guidelines: Neutral Point of View: Content added must give a neutral, unbiased viewpoint. Verifiability: Content must give attribution back to its source.

406

Laser Cladding of CPM Tool Steels on Hardened H13 Hot-Work Steel for Low-Cost High-Performance Automotive Tooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper summarizes our research on laser cladding of high-vanadium CPM®...tool steels (3V, 9V, and 15V) onto the surfaces of low-cost hardened H13 hot-work tool steel to substantially enhance resistance agains...

J. Chen; L. Xue

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

In-depth distribution of rusts on a plain carbon steel and weathering steels exposed to coastal–industrial atmosphere for 17 years  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In-depth distribution of rusts on two weathering steels and a plain carbon steel exposed to atmosphere for 17 years under a bridge at a coastal + industrial region in Japan were studied. In the rust layer on all specimens, ?-FeOOH, ?-FeOOH, ?-FeOOH, Fe3O4 and so-called amorphous rust were found. Within rust layers, there were thick parts and thin parts, which were finely and complicatedly distributed on steels. Among these rust species, ?-FeOOH was dominant on all specimens. ?-FeOOH appeared almost homogeneously through the rust layer. Its concentration was higher on weathering steels than on plain carbon steel. ?-FeOOH was found mainly at thick parts and was scarce at thin parts of rust layers. Concentration of ?-FeOOH was higher and that of ?-FeOOH was lower on weathering steels than on plain carbon steel. Amorphous rust was located at the bottom of the rust layer irrespective of steel types. Concentration of magnetite was negatively correlated with concentration of ?-FeOOH.

K. Asami; M. Kikuchi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Studies on the presence of copper in the galvanized coating on weathering steel and the adherence characteristic of the protective copper complex formed on galvanized weathering steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following the hot-dip process for zinc coating on weathering steel, the galvanizing bath was found to have ... was observed to pick up Cu from the weathering steel at an average rate of 1.83×10?3% s?1m?2...at 452...

A. K. Bhattacharjee; I. Singh

1995-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Open Data+entrepreneur | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Jobs Open Data+entrepreneur Originally posted by White House Office of Science and Technology Policy on February 4th, 2013. By Marina Martin, Ian Kalin, Nat...

410

LVOC - Livermore Valley Open Campus  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LVOC - Livermore Valley Open Campus LVOC - Livermore Valley Open Campus ↓ Case Studies | ↓ About LVOC Get to market faster Making the impossible possible Lawrence Livermore and Sandia National Laboratories are home to some of the world's most unique state-of-the art facilities and resources. For decades, we have been using our combined capabilities, including a workforce of over 7000 employees to solve complex problems for the nation. Visit the science and technology epicenter - the Livermore Valley Open Campus - just east of San Francisco in the Tri-Valley's innovation ecosystem to find out what problems we can solve for you. LVOC Flyer We Keep Industry on the Cutting Edge of Innovative Technology About the Livermore Valley Open Campus LVOC Rendering Open for Business: The Livermore Valley Open Campus is located at the

411

Groups | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Featured groups Featured groups PreviousPauseNext Join Utility Rate Tags: urdb, utility rate Group interested in making improvements to OpenEI's utility rate data, structure and user interface. Join OpenEI Community Central Tags: central, OpenEI, town The central OpenEI community for students, scientists, researchers, enthusiasts, analysts and developers. Join Developer Tags: author, developer, power user, web services, wiki Developer community for OpenEI data, and helpful information for OpenEI wiki authors Join Water Power Forum Tags: forum, gateway, hydro, Power, Water Forum for information related to the Water Power Gateway Join Buildings Tags: architecture, building reviews, buildings technology, comfort, energy use, facilities management, green building, LEED, technologies, usgbc

412

Content Developer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Content Developer Content Developer Jump to: navigation, search How to GET INVOLVED WITH OpenEI Get involved with OpenEI Scientist.jpg Content Developer Are you interested in adding, contributing, and editing content on OpenEI? Find out how to create and grow OpenEI's content. Frequently Added Information Some content can easily be added to OpenEI using forms, which means users can easily contribute information without necessarily learning to use the wiki markup format. Some of the most frequently added information is described below. Organizations Within OpenEI, there are numerous types of Organizations. Some are very broadly defined, such as Companies, and others are more specific, such as Utility Companies and Policy Organizations. The types of organizations are described below.

413

Groups | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Featured groups Featured groups PreviousPauseNext Join Utility Rate Tags: urdb, utility rate Group interested in making improvements to OpenEI's utility rate data, structure and user interface. Join OpenEI Community Central Tags: central, OpenEI, town The central OpenEI community for students, scientists, researchers, enthusiasts, analysts and developers. Join Developer Tags: author, developer, power user, web services, wiki Developer community for OpenEI data, and helpful information for OpenEI wiki authors Join Water Power Forum Tags: forum, gateway, hydro, Power, Water Forum for information related to the Water Power Gateway Join Buildings Tags: architecture, building reviews, buildings technology, comfort, energy use, facilities management, green building, LEED, technologies, usgbc

414

EIA | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA EIA Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:42 EIA officially recognizes utility rate database on OpenEI EIA OpenEI Utility Rates OpenEI and U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Good news, everyone! The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) now officially recognizes the OpenEI utility rate database. Up until just a few months ago, the EIA website stated: Wzeng's picture Submitted by Wzeng(50) Contributor 8 August, 2012 - 12:37 New Gapminder Visualizations Added! EIA Energy data Gapminder OECD OpenEI SEDS Visualization Graph OpenEI now features some cool new Gapminder Visualizations for users to browse and discover interesting trends. This dynamic chart, also called a motion chart, allows users to view changing data over time with four

415

Groups | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Featured groups Featured groups PreviousPauseNext Join Utility Rate Tags: urdb, utility rate Group interested in making improvements to OpenEI's utility rate data, structure and user interface. Join OpenEI Community Central Tags: central, OpenEI, town The central OpenEI community for students, scientists, researchers, enthusiasts, analysts and developers. Join Developer Tags: author, developer, power user, web services, wiki Developer community for OpenEI data, and helpful information for OpenEI wiki authors Join Water Power Forum Tags: forum, gateway, hydro, Power, Water Forum for information related to the Water Power Gateway Join Buildings Tags: architecture, building reviews, buildings technology, comfort, energy use, facilities management, green building, LEED, technologies, usgbc

416

Cermet Waste Packages Using Depleted Uranium Dioxide and Steel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CERMET WASTE PACKAGES USING DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE AND STEEL CERMET WASTE PACKAGES USING DEPLETED URANIUM DIOXIDE AND STEEL Charles W. Forsberg Oak Ridge National Laboratory * P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6180 Tel: (865) 574-6783 Fax: (865) 574-9512 Email: forsbergcw@ornl.gov Manuscript Number: 078 File Name: DuCermet.HLWcon01.article.final Article Prepared for 2001 International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference American Nuclear Society Las Vegas, Nevada April 29-May 3, 2001 Limits: 1500 words; 3 figures Actual: 1450 words; 3 figures Session: 3.6 Disposal Container Materials and Designs The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution,

417

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Iron and Steel: Resources and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources & Links Resources & Links Software Tools Steel Industry of the Future Tools & Publications The Industrial Technologies Program offers a wide array of publications, videos, software, and other information products for improving energy efficiency in the iron and steel industry. DOE BestPractices Software Tools DOE BestPractices offers a range of software tools and databases that help manufacturers assess their plant's steam, compressed air, motor, and process heating systems. DOE Plant Energy Profiler Industry experience has shown that many plant utility personnel do not have an adequate understanding of their energy cost structure and where the major focus should be for any energy savings program. This tool will address this need and enable an engineer assigned to a plant utility to

418

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Embrittlement Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, GA, August 30, 2005 Funding and Duration * Timeline - Project start date: 7/20/05 - Project end date: 7/19/09 - Percent complete: 0.1% * Budget: Total project funding: 300k/yr * DOE share: 75% * Contractor share: 25% * Barriers - Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water vapor?) - Assessment of hydrogen compatibility of the existing natural gas pipeline system for transporting hydrogen - Suitable steels, and/or coatings, or other materials to provide safe and reliable hydrogen transport and reduced capital cost 2 Team and Collaborators 3 * Industrial Partners: SECAT

419

METALLURGICAL EVALUATION OF CAST DUPLEX STAINLESS STEELS AND THEIR WELDMENTS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FINAL REPORT FINAL REPORT VOLUME 1 METALLURGICAL EVALUATION OF CAST DUPLEX STAINLESS STEELS AND THEIR WELDMENTS SUBMITTED TO U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Award Number - DE-FC36-00 ID13975 OCTOBER 1, 2000 - SEPTEMBER 30, 2005 SONGQING WEN CARL D. LUNDIN GREG BATTEN MATERIALS JOINING GROUP MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE, KNOXVILLE CARL D. LUNDIN PROFESSOR OF METALLURGY MATERIALS JOINING GROUP MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE KNOXVILLE 37996-2200 TELEPHONE (865) 974-5310 FAX (865) 974-0880 lundin@utk.edu This is Volume 1of 5 of the final report for The Department of Energy Grant # DE-FC36-00 ID13975 entitled "Behavior of Duplex Stainless Steel Castings." ii FOREWARD

420

Mr. Frank Archer President Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 FEB 2 1 1991 ' i-. 1,; ' -, f ' + \ 1 : , .J p- * c - Mr. Frank Archer President Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation 110 Hopkins Street P.O. Box 399 Buffalo, NY 14240 Dear Mr. Archer: I have executed the consent forms for the performance of a radiological survey of the Niagara Cold Drawn Steel Corporation's property under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). I enclose a copy of the consent for your company's records. Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) will perform the survey of your company's property. MS. Michelle Landis (615-576-2908) is the project manager for ORAU. We have worked with Mr. Shells of your staff on this project and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Zirconia coating on stainless steel sheets from organozirconium compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stability and the coating characteristics of a variety of organozirconium compounds have been investigated to coat ZrO/sub 2/ films on stainless steel sheets for the improvement of heat resistance against oxidation. Zirconium tetraoctylate and zirconium tetrakis(acetylacetonate). The authors discuss how the compounds were found to be more stable than zirconium alkoxides in an ambient atmosphere. The ZrO/sub 2/ films from zirconium alkoxides became white and discontinuous when the thickness of the films exceeded about 200 A (20nm). On the other hand, transparent ZrO/sub 2/ films were obtained from zirconium tetraoctylate and zirconium tetrakis(acetylacetonate). The IR spectra of the films showed that the heat treatment at 400{sup 0}C for 5 min produced organic-free ZrO/sub 2/ films. The heat resistance of stainless steel sheets against oxidation was improved by the ZrO/sub 2/ coating, depending on the film thickness.

Izumi, K.; Murakami, M.; Deguchi, T.; Morita, A. (Nisshin Steel Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Tohge, N.; Minami, T. (Dept. of Applied Chemistry, Univ. of Osaka Prefecture, Mozu-Umekmachi, Sakai-Shi, Osaka- Fu 591 (JP))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Silicon carbide tritium permeation barrier for steel structural components.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemical vapor deposited (CVD) silicon carbide (SiC) has superior resistance to tritium permeation even after irradiation. Prior work has shown Ultrametfoam to be forgiving when bonded to substrates with large CTE differences. The technical objectives are: (1) Evaluate foams of vanadium, niobium and molybdenum metals and SiC for CTE mitigation between a dense SiC barrier and steel structure; (2) Thermostructural modeling of SiC TPB/Ultramet foam/ferritic steel architecture; (3) Evaluate deuterium permeation of chemical vapor deposited (CVD) SiC; (4) D testing involved construction of a new higher temperature (> 1000 C) permeation testing system and development of improved sealing techniques; (5) Fabricate prototype tube similar to that shown with dimensions of 7cm {theta} and 35cm long; and (6) Tritium and hermeticity testing of prototype tube.

Causey, Rion A. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Garde, Joseph Maurico; Buchenauer, Dean A. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Calderoni, Pattrick (Idaho National Laboratory); Holschuh, Thomas, Jr.; Youchison, Dennis Lee; Wright, Matt; Kolasinski, Robert D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Recovery Act: Waste Energy Project at AK Steel Corporation Middletown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (“Air Products”) began development of a project to beneficially utilize waste blast furnace “topgas” generated in the course of the iron-making process at AK Steel Corporation’s Middletown, Ohio works. In early 2010, Air Products was awarded DOE Assistance Agreement DE-EE002736 to further develop and build the combined-cycle power generation facility. In June 2012, Air Products and AK Steel Corporation terminated work when it was determined that the project would not be economically viable at that time nor in the foreseeable future. The project would have achieved the FOA-0000044 Statement of Project Objectives by demonstrating, at a commercial scale, the technology to capture, treat, and convert blast furnace topgas into electric power and thermal energy.

Joyce, Jeffrey

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Correlation of characteristics for steel containing nonmetallic inclusions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quality of steel is largely determined by nonmetallic inclusions (NI). Improvement of quantitative methods of testing for NI is part of quality evaluation. Metallographic methods of visual evaluation in accordance with GOST 1778-70 are very laborious and are thus being replaced by automatic ones based on computerized image processors (CIP) such as instruments of the Quantimet type and by methods of isolating and analyzing NI. The authors have examined the relationship between counting fields containing NI (method Sh8 in accordance with GOST 1778-70), measurements with the Quantimet-360 and Quantimet-720 CIP, as well as the determination of the concentrations of electrically isolated oxide inclusions. The authors examined hot-rolled 38KhN3MFA steel from seven commercial batches.

Shtremel', M.A.; Fadeev, Yu.I.; Maksimova, O.V.; Chernukha, L.G.; Anisimova, N.I.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Investigation of Laser Peening Effects on Hydrogen Charged Stainless Steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen-rich environments such as fuel cell reactors can exhibit damage caused by hydrogen permeation in the form of corrosion cracking by lowering tensile strength and decreasing material ductility. Coatings and liners have been investigated, but there were few shot-peening or laser peening studies referenced in the literature with respect to preventing hydrogen embrittlement. The surface compressive residual stress induced by laser peening had shown success in preventing stress corrosion cracking (SCC) for stainless steels in power plants. The question arose if the residual stresses induced by laser peening could delay the effects of hydrogen in a material. This study investigated the effect of laser peening on hydrogen penetration into metal alloys. Three areas were studied: laser peening, hydrogenation, and hydrogen detection. This study demonstrated that laser peening does not reduce the hydrogen permeation into a stainless steel surface nor does it prevent hydrogen embrittlement. The effect of laser peening to reduce hydrogen-assisted fatigue was unclear.

Zaleski, T M

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pulsed Magnetic Welding for Advanced Core and Cladding Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate a solid-state joining method, pulsed magnetic welding (PMW), for welding the advanced core and cladding steels to be used in Generation IV systems, with a specific application for fuel pin end-plug welding. As another alternative solid state welding technique, pulsed magnetic welding (PMW) has not been extensively explored on the advanced steels. The resultant weld can be free from microstructure defects (pores, non-matallic inclusions, segregation of alloying elements). More specifically, the following objectives are to be achieved, 1) To design a suitable welding apparatus fixture, and optimize welding parameters for repeatable and acceptable joining of the fuel pin end-plug. The welding will be evaluated using tensile tests for lap joint weldments and helium leak tests for the fuel pin end-plug. 2) investigate the microstructural and mechanical properties changes in PMW weldments of proposed advanced core and cladding alloys. 3) Simulate the irradiation effects on the PWM weldments using ion irradiation.

Cao, Guoping; Yang, Yong

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

427

Friction Properties of Molybdenum Alloyed Steel at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high-temperature properties of steel surface can be improved by molybdenum surface alloying. Molybdenzing was carried out on carbon steel in the multi-function double glow plasma surface alloying furnace. The friction and wear tests were conducted on a high temperature ball-on-disk tribometer under the temperature of 25 deg. C{approx}600 deg. C. The contents of alloy element varied with alloyed layer were detected by SEM attached with EDS. The molybdenized layer is composed of the deposited layer and diffused layer. The micro-hardness of alloyed layer decreases from HV650 on the top layer to HV240. The friction coefficient of molybdenized layer decreases from 0.5{approx}0.6 to 0.2{approx}0.3 and wear rate decreases by 20% at elevated temperature after molybdenizing.

Li Jianliang; Xiong Dangsheng [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, 210094 (China); Wu Hongyan [College of Math and Physics, Nanjing University of Information and Technology, Nanjing, 210044 (China)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Residual Stress Determination for A Ferritic Steel Weld Plate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this experiment is to demonstrate the capability of neutron diffraction technique to reproducibly map residual strains in a ferritic steel weld. The objective includes the identification of corrections for variations in metal composition due to the welding process which produces changes in lattice parameter that are not due to mechanical effects. The second objective is to develop and demonstrate a best practice for neutron diffraction strain mapping of steel welds. The appropriate coordinate system for the measurement of a weld, which is strongly distorted from planar geometry, has to be defined. The coordinate system is important in determining the procedures for mounting and positioning of the weld so that mapping details, especially in regions of high gradients, can be conveniently inter-compared between laboratories.

Wang, D.-Q.; Hubbard, C.R.; Spooner, S.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Manganese-stabilized austenitic stainless steels for fusion applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An austenitic stainless steel that is comprised of Fe, Cr, Mn, C but no Ni or Nb and minimum N. To enhance strength and fabricability minor alloying additions of Ti, W, V, B and P are made. The resulting alloy is one that can be used in fusion reactor environments because the half-lives of the elements are sufficiently short to allow for handling and disposal.

Klueh, Ronald L. (Knoxville, TN); Maziasz, Philip J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Understanding toughness and ductility in novel steels with mixed microstructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in martensitic steels. Following the formal identification of bainite in 1930 [6], much effort was directed towards developing this ‘new’ structure into viable applications [7, 8]. It was recognised that the abil- ity to refine the bainite ‘sheaf’ could produce... , a structure produced by heat treatment alone [22, 23, 28] — yet one that results in an inter- facial area per unit volume that is greater than that associated with the majority of severe plastic deformation experiments [29]. This gives the bulk...

Fielding, Lucy Chandra Devi

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Rutherford backscattering analysis of gallium implanted 316 stainless steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental Procedure Sample Analysis 3 3 . 9 . 11 HI THEORY. . IH. 1 Backscattering Principles HI. 2 The RBS Spectrum IH. 3 The Surface Energy Approximation . . . HI. 4 Stainless Steel 316. . IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSION . . 13 . 13 15... for the disposition of weapons grade (WG) plutonium (Pu) in the United States: MOX fuel conversion and immobilization. The first option uses nuclear reactors to transmutate WG Pu and the second imbeds the WG Pu in glass logs for deep burial. Due to the large amount...

Ortensi, Javier

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Sensitivity of Steel Casting Simulation Results to Alloy Property Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sensitivity of Steel Casting Simulation Results to Alloy Property Datasets Kent D. Carlson dataset; Ni-based alloys N3M, CW6MC and CW12MW can be represented by the benchmark CW12MW dataset; and Ni-based alloys M30C and M35-1 can be represented by the benchmark M35-1 dataset. While these alloy groupings

Beckermann, Christoph

433

Fouling of carbon steel heat exchanger caused by iron bacteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A carbon steel heat exchanger installed in a reverse osmosis unit failed after 1 1/2 years from start-up as a result of tubes, lids, tube sheets, and connection pipes clogging from rust deposits. Chemical analysis of cooling water and scraped precipitates, as well laboratory screening of the deposits for bacteria, revealed that activity of iron-oxidizing bacteria present in cooling water could lead to heat exchanger blockage.

Starosvetsky, J.; Armon, R.; Starosvetsky, D. (Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech. (Israel)); Groysman, A.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Measuring the Magnetic Flux Density in the CMS Steel Yoke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) is a general purpose detector, designed to run at the highest luminosity at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Its distinctive features include a 4 T superconducting solenoid with 6-m-diameter by 12.5-m-length free bore, enclosed inside a 10000-ton return yoke made of construction steel. The return yoke consists of five dodecagonal three-layered barrel wheels and four end-cap disks at each end comprised of steel blocks up to 620 mm thick, which serve as the absorber plates of the muon detection system. Accurate characterization of the magnetic field everywhere in the CMS detector is required. To measure the field in and around the steel, a system of 22 flux-loops and 82 3-D Hall sensors is installed on the return yoke blocks. Fast discharges of the solenoid (190 s time-constant) made during the CMS magnet surface commissioning test at the solenoid central fields of 2.64, 3.16, 3.68 and 4.01 T were used to induce voltages in the flux-loops. The voltages are measured on-line a...

Klyukhin, V I; Ball, A; Curé, B; Gaddi, A; Gerwig, H; Hervé, A; Mulders, M; Loveless, R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Investigations of low-temperature neutron embrittlement of ferritic steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigations were made into reasons for accelerated embrittlement of surveillance specimens of ferritic steels irradiated at 50C at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) pressure vessel. Major suspects for the precocious embrittlement were a highly thermalized neutron spectrum,a low displacement rate, and the impurities boron and copper. None of these were found guilty. A dosimetry measurement shows that the spectrum at a major surveillance site is not thermalized. A new model of matrix hardening due to point defect clusters indicates little effect of displacement rate at low irradiation temperature. Boron levels are measured at 1 wt ppM or less, inadequate for embrittlement. Copper at 0.3 wt % and nickel at 0.7 wt % are shown to promote radiation strengthening in iron binary alloys irradiated at 50 to 60C, but no dependence on copper and nickel was found in steels with 0.05 to 0.22% Cu and 0.07 to 3.3% Ni. It is argued that copper impurity is not responsible for the accelerated embrittlement of the HFIR surveillance specimens. The dosimetry experiment has revealed the possibility that the fast fluence for the surveillance specimens may be underestimated because the stainless steel monitors in the surveillance packages do not record an unexpected component of neutrons in the spectrum at energies just below their measurement thresholds of 2 to 3 MeV.

Farrell, K.; Mahmood, S.T.; Stoller, R.E.; Mansur, L.K.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Development of a thin steel strip casting process. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a comprehensive effort to develop direct strip casting to the point where a pilot scale program for casting carbon steel strip could be initiated. All important aspects of the technology were being investigated, however the program was terminated early due to a change in the business strategy of the primary contractor, Armco Inc. (focus to be directed at specialty steels, not low carbon steel). At termination, the project was on target on all milestones and under budget. Major part was casting of strip at the experiment casting facility. A new caster, capable of producing direct cast strip of up to 12 in. wide in heats of 1000 and 3000 lb, was used. A total of 81 1000-1200 lb heats were cast as well as one test heat of 3000 lb. Most produced strip of from 0.016 to 0.085 in. thick. Process reliability was excellent for short casting times; quality was generally poor from modern hot strip mill standards, but the practices necessary for good surface quality were identified.

Williams, R.S.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Accurate modelling of anisotropic effects in austenitic stainless steel welds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultrasonic inspection of austenitic steel welds is challenging due to the formation of highly anisotropic and heterogeneous structures post-welding. This is due to the intrinsic crystallographic structure of austenitic steel, driving the formation of dendritic grain structures on cooling. The anisotropy is manifested as both a ‘steering’ of the ultrasonic beam and the back-scatter of energy due to the macroscopic granular structure of the weld. However, the quantitative effects and relative impacts of these phenomena are not well-understood. A semi-analytical simulation framework has been developed to allow the study of anisotropic effects in austenitic stainless steel welds. Frequency-dependent scatterers are allocated to a weld-region to approximate the coarse grain-structures observed within austenitic welds and imaged using a simulated array. The simulated A-scans are compared against an equivalent experimental setup demonstrating excellent agreement of the Signal to Noise (S/N) ratio. Comparison of images of the simulated and experimental data generated using the Total Focusing Method (TFM) indicate a prominent layered effect in the simulated data. A superior grain allocation routine is required to improve upon this.

Nowers, O. D.; Duxbury, D. J. [NDE Research, Support and Development, Rolls-Royce Marine, Derby, PO BOX 2000, DE21 7XX (United Kingdom); Drinkwater, B. W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Walk, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

Climate Change and Open Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Obtaining reliable answers to the major scientific questions raised by climate change in time to take appropriate action gives added urgency to the open access program.

Percival, Ian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Viresco Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place: Riverside, California Zip: 92507 Product: Company developing a modified gasification process References: Viresco Energy1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

440

Southridge Enterprises | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enterprises Place: Dallas, Texas Zip: 75219 Product: Holding company for Southridge Ethanol. References: Southridge Enterprises1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Redwood Renewables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Product: Developing integrated solar roofing projects References: Redwood Renewables1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Redwood Renewables...

442

Sunrise Renewables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Product: Cumbria-based biomass project developer. References: Sunrise Renewables1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sunrise Renewables...

443

Incomuni Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: Incomuni Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

444

UNIVAP Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: UNIVAP Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

445

TREC STEP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: TREC-STEP1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

446

VIT TBI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: VIT-TBI1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

447

COPPE Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: COPPE Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

448

PARTEC Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: PARTEC Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

449

NIEX Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: NIEX Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

450

All | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Clean Skies Foundation Nominations open for 250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Graham7781 2 Oct 2012 - 13:01...

451

IPN Incubadora | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: IPN Incubadora1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

452

UNICAMP Incubator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: UNICAMP Incubator1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

453

GIS | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and let the community know what you've shared. Geospatial Description: Discuss and explore geospatial data available on OpenEI. geospatial GIS spatial analysis Syndicate content...

454

Advance Electronics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

suppressors, automatic voltage stablisers, voltmeters oscilloscopes, and signal generators. References: Advance Electronics1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

455

Grant Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGrantProgram&oldid542695" Category:...

456

review | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quadrennial Energy Review energy memorandum obama OpenEI President Quadrennial review White House A new memorandum from the President to the heads of executive departments and...

457

memorandum | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quadrennial Energy Review energy memorandum obama OpenEI President Quadrennial review White House A new memorandum from the President to the heads of executive departments and...

458

Quadrennial | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quadrennial Energy Review energy memorandum obama OpenEI President Quadrennial review White House A new memorandum from the President to the heads of executive departments and...

459

California Register | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Register Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: California RegisterLegal Abstract California Register, current through...

460

Trulite Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Trulite develops compact, lightweight, hydrogen generators for fuel cell systems. References: Trulite Inc1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

OpenEI Community - GIS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

keyword http:en.openei.orgcommunitydiscussiongis-keyword

Explore the geospatial datasets in OpenEI's datasets by using the keyword GIS to filter search results.  Over...

462

Computer simulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

simulation Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Computer simulation Author wikipedia Published wikipedia, 2013 DOI Not Provided Check for...

463

USDA NRCS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NRCS Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: USDA NRCS Abstract United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation...

464

Geocommunicator Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Geocommunicator Website Abstract This website is an interactive map published by...

465

Climate Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

firm specialising in projects in clean energy, energy efficiency, environment and sustainability. References: Climate Strategy1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

466

OpenEI - gas  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

/0 en NREL EFM DATA: /0 en NREL EFM DATA: Disaggregated Residential Load Cost Data http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/903 The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( License

Type of License:  Open

467

HOMER | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HOMER HOMER Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: HOMER Energy Modeling Software Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: HOMER Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, Greenhouse Gas, Hydrogen, Solar, - Solar PV, Water Power, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Best Practices Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.homerenergy.com/ Cost: Free, Paid OpenEI Keyword(s): HOMER Energy Modeling Software, HOMER, EERE tool Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/homer-model-evaluate-design-options-g Language: English

468

OpenEI - biodiesel  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary World Biofuels Summary World Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/463 This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R.

License
469

OpenEI - NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RSF Energy Model RSF Energy Model 2011 http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/935 NREL's Research and Support Facility (RSF) energy model for 2011.

License
470

OpenEI - solar  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NSRDB: Temporary access NSRDB: Temporary access to 1991-2010 http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/932

License
471

Constant extension rate testing of Type 304L stainless steel in simulated waste tank environments. [Type 304L stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New tanks for storage of low level radioactive wastes will be constructed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) of AISI Type 304L stainless steel (304L). The presence of chlorides and fluorides in the wastes may induce Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in 304L. Constant Extension Rate Tests (CERT) were performed to determine the susceptibility of 304L to SCC in simulated wastes. In five of the six tests conducted thus far 304L was not susceptible to SCC in the simulated waste environments. Conflicting results were obtained in the final test and will be resolved by further tests. For comparison purposes the CERT tests were also performed with A537 carbon steel, a material similar to that utilized for the existing nuclear waste storage tanks at SRS.

Wiersma, B.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2011 Authors Price, Lynn K., Ali Hasanbeigi, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Conference Name ACEEE Industrial Summer Study Date Published 07/2011 Publisher American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Conference Location New York Keywords china, energy intensity, iron and steel, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, united states Abstract The goal of this study was to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity of steel production in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and industry structure. In addition to the base case analysis, six scenarios were developed to assess the effect of different factors such as the share of electric arc furnace (EAF) steel production, conversion factors for the embodied energy of imported and exported intermediary and auxiliary products, and the differences in net calorific values of the fuels. The results of the analysis show that for the whole iron and steel production process, the final energy intensity in 2006 was equal to 14.90 GJ/tonne crude steel in the U.S. and 23.11 GJ/tonne crude steel in China in the base scenario. In another scenario that assumed the Chinese share of electric arc furnace production in 2006 (i.e. 10.5%) in the U.S., the energy intensity of steel production in the U.S. increased by 54% to 22.96GJ/tonne crude steel. Thus, when comparing the energy intensity of the U.S and Chinese steel industry,the structure of the industry should be taken into account.

473

Surface modification to improve fireside corrosion resistance of Fe-Cr ferritic steels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article of manufacture and a method for providing an Fe--Cr ferritic steel article of manufacture having a surface layer modification for corrosion resistance. Fe--Cr ferritic steels can be modified to enhance their corrosion resistance to liquid coal ash and other chemical environments, which have chlorides or sulfates containing active species. The steel is modified to form an aluminide/silicide passivating layer to reduce such corrosion.

Park, Jong-Hee (Clarendon Hills, IL); Natesan, Krishnamurti (Naperville, IL); Rink, David L. (Mokena, IL)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology? Author: Alan G. Isaac University Date: 19 Oct 2005 Abstract IP controversies are an increasing part of biotechnology policy developing countries have considered the limited access of the poor to much needed biotechnologies (including

Lansky, Joshua

475

Tribal Renewable Energy Development under the Hearth Act: An Independently Rational, but Collectively Deficient Option  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased domestic energy production is of enhanced importance to the United States of America. Given the growing focus on energy development, and specifically domestic energy development, many, including tribal governments, have increasingly looked...

Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

476

Healthy Hearth brings the coziness of home to patients, their family and guests of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chicken Dressing Choices Ranch, Balsamic Vinaigrette, Blue Cheese, Raspberry Vinaigrette,Italian, Sesame crumbles, avocado, egg and choice of dressing Sweet Spinach Salad, 729 Grilled chicken, spinach, feta lettuce, shaved Parmesan cheese, homemade garlic croutons, tossed in our Caesar dressing with grilled

Oklahoma, University of

477

Event:Open Data Workshop 2012 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Workshop 2012 Workshop 2012 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Open Data Workshop 2012: 1:00pm Eastern on 2012/11/12 A follow-up event to the successful LOD Workshop held in Abu Dhabi last January, this event aims to bring together key parties in the states, to better educate them on the merits of LOD and introduce them to data sharing partners. Event Details Name Open Data Workshop 2012 Date 2012/11/12 Time 1:00pm Eastern Location Washington, District of Columbia Organizer National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), German Ministry Tags LOD, Linked Open Data, Open Data, Open Government, Workshop, 2012 Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from

478

Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) Agency/Company /Organization: Conservation International Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Finance, GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.conservation.org/FMG/Articles/Pages/ci_osiris_database_new_climate Cost: Free Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) Screenshot References: OSIRIS[1] OSIRIS (Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet) is a tool developed by a partnership of researchers from Conservation International (CI), the Center for Social and Economic Research on the Environment at the

479

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central Home > Groups > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Festivalul Ideilor: O Conversaţie cu Ioan Holender - RFI ROMÂNIA Google OpenEI News - 11 September, 2013 - 07:06 Festivalul Ideilor: O Conversaţie cu Ioan Holender RFI ROMÂNIA A fost cel mai longeviv director la Openei de Stat din Viena si este membru de onoare al acesteia si al Vienna Volksoper. A primit medalia de aur "Franz Schalk: de catre Orchestra Filarmonicii din Viena precum si titlul de cetatean de onoare al Timisoarei. and more » Solar or Offshore Wind: Which Is Cheaper? - Greentech Media Google OpenEI News - 9 September, 2013 - 07:38 Solar or Offshore Wind: Which Is Cheaper? Greentech Media The 2012 LCOE for solar was $0.15 to $0.32 per kilowatt-hour, according to

480

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: clean energy Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry clean energy Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Graham7781 2 Oct 2012 - 13:01 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information about your comfort level at your indoor location? Hi Nick-Thank you for post... A question about geographic data on wind farms in the US New Robust References! Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap featured on NREL Now more Group members (25) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members: Ajohnson7 Nickc Gdavis JaredHall AvisRansom VinceSchutt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "open hearth steel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

OpenEI:No original research | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project page Project page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » OpenEI:No original research Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI is a platform for bringing together the world's energy information. It is not a platform for original research. This means that contributors should not publish opinions, arguments, or conclusions on the platform. Original research should be published elsewhere where it can be cited. No original research is a principal core policy of the OpenEI platform. For further information please refer to the model for this policy, Wikipedia's No original research.[1] References ↑ Wikipedia:No original research Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=OpenEI:No_original_research&oldid=225532" Category: OpenEI policies What links here

482

OpenXC sample driving data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenXC sample driving data OpenXC sample driving data Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 24 September, 2012 - 10:29 OpenXC This file represents raw data from OpenXC, in the form of single-vehicle trace files. This may be accessed from any programming language or existing system you want, but a Python wrapper will soon be made available and linked to OpenEI's energy hackathon resources. A description of the format for each individual measurement: http://openxcplatform.com/vehicle-interface/output-format.html A description of the trace files (including the driving.txt file), which is simple a list of individual measurements with timestamps: http://openxcplatform.com/android/testing.html Note: when this sample data forms a more complete dataset of real driving

483

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central Home > OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: DOE Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry DOE OpenEI Showcased in Geothermal Exploration Best Practices Workshop Graham7781 26 Apr 2013 - 11:05 Blog entry DOE Energy Secretary Steven Chu to host DOE's first google hangout at 2 EST Graham7781 21 Feb 2013 - 15:32 Blog entry DOE FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Graham7781 12 Dec 2012 - 11:30 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information

484

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central Home > OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: building load Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry building load Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 12:03 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information about your comfort level at your indoor location? Hi Nick-Thank you for post... A question about geographic data on wind farms in the US New Robust References! Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap featured on NREL Now more Group members (25) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

485

OpenEI Community Central | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Community Central OpenEI Community Central Home > OpenEI Community Central > Posts by term > OpenEI Community Central Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: building load data Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry building load data Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 12:03 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Are you willing to reply to a text message once a day with information about your comfort level at your indoor location? Hi Nick-Thank you for post... A question about geographic data on wind farms in the US New Robust References! Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap featured on NREL Now more Group members (25) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

486

CLEAN-Linked Open Data (LOD) Webinar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CLEAN-Linked Open Data (LOD) Webinar CLEAN-Linked Open Data (LOD) Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: CLEAN-Linking Open Data Webinar Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Topics: Low emission development planning, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Dataset, Presentation, Training materials, Webinar Website: www.nrel.gov Cost: Free Language: English References: CLEAN-Linking Open Data Webinar[1] Webinar An nouncement As an outcome of the Climate Knowledge Brokers Workshop (http://cdkn.org/event/climate-and-development-knowledge-brokers-workshop/) held in June 2011, REEEP and CLEAN/NREL are leading a project to educate climate-related database and portal managers on the use and benefits of Linked Open Data (LOD) to seamlessly integrate web resources. Through

487

Open Access Transmission Tariff  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission | OATT Transmission | OATT Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Western Open Access Transmission Service Tariff Revision Western Area Power Administration submitted its revised Open Access Transmission Service Tariff with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Sept. 30, 2009. The tariff became effective on Dec. 1, 2009, as modified by Western's March 2, 2011 compliance filing. The revised tariff was developed to comply with FERC Order No. 890 and to be consistent with Western's statutory and regulatory requirements. It addresses changes in transmission services and planning. FERC issued an order on Dec. 2, 2010, granting Western's petition for a Declaratory Order approving the tariff as an acceptable reciprocity tariff, subject to Western making a compliance filing within 30 days to address items in Attachment C, Attachment P and Attachment Q. Western made its compliance filing on March 2, 2010, addressing FERC's Dec. 2, 2010, order. FERC accepted Western's March 2, 2011 compliance filing on April 25, 2011. Western has made several ministerial filings to its OATT as part of FERC's eTariff viewer system, the last of these was approved on March 29, 2013. Further detail can be found in the links below.Current OATT

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc stainless steel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reference first-voll design is a water-cooled stainless steel panel. Thelow temperature water coolant... . Thelowpressure also tends to minimize primary stress requirements. The...

489

Corrosion rate of steel reinforcement in concrete in seawater and influence of concrete crack width.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis reports a research of the corrosion mechanism and corrosion rate of steel reinforcement in concrete. Experimental results are presented to compare the corrosion… (more)

Chang, Zhen-Tian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Modeling of interaction between corrosion-induced concrete cover crack and steel corrosion rate.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Chloride-induced corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete may cause severe damage to RC structures. Longitudinal cover cracks may form during the rust expansion process. Currently,… (more)

Cao, Chong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Use of chromium-boron steels for machine parts in oil drilling equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Corrosion tests, impact tests at negative temperatures, and tests of sticking showed that 40KhR steel is as g...

M. R. Shneiderov; Y. B. Shlimak; I. F. Kasimov

1964-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Bond strength of steel hollow sections using carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research was a step forward in developing bond strength of CFRP strengthened steel hollow sections under tension loads. The studies have revealed the ultimate… (more)

Shahanara, Kaniz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Cyclic deformation behaviour of austenitic steels at ambient and elevated temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the present investigation is to characterise cyclic deformation behaviour and plasticity-induced martensite formation of metastable austenitic stainless steels at ambient and elevated temperatures, ...

Th. Nebel; D. Eifler

494

INTERRELATIONS OF COMPOSITIONS, TRANSFORMATION KINETICS, MORPHOLOGY, AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ALLOY STEELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive to hydrogen embrittlement, whereas high strengthembrittlement, A generally accepted embrittling mechanism for stress corrosion cracking of high strength steels involves hydrogen

Parker, E.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Structural integrity assessment of type 201LN stainless steel cryogenic pressure vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Committee approved the Code Case 2123 in 1992 which allows the use of Type 201LN stainless steel in the construction of ASME Section VIII, Division 1 and Division 2 pressure vessels for -320{degrees}F applications. Type 201LN stainless steel is a nitrogen strengthened modified version of ASTM A240, Type 201 stainless steel with a restricted chemistry. The Code allowable design stresses for Type 201LN for Division 1 vessels are approximately 27% higher than Type 304 stainless steel and equal to that of the 5 Ni and 9 Ni steels. This paper discusses the important features of the Code Case 2123 and the structural integrity assessment of Type 201LN stainless steel cryogenic vessels. Tensile, Charpy-V-notch and fracture properties have been obtained on several heats of this steel including weldments. A linear-elastic fracture mechanics analysis has been conducted to assess the expected fracture mode and the fracture-critical crack sizes. The results have been compared with Type 304 stainless steel, 5 Ni and 9 Ni steel vessels.

Rana, M.D.; Zawierucha, R. [Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Factors affecting stress assisted corrosion cracking of carbon steel under industrial boiler conditions.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Failure of carbon steel boiler tubes from waterside has been reported in the utility boilers and industrial boilers for a long time. In industrial boilers,… (more)

Yang, Dong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - a537 carbon steel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Composite Technologies Research Group Collection: Materials Science 54 Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Summary: effectiveness in...

498

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the steel sector in key developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Iron and steel production consumes enormous quantities of energy, especially in developing countries where outdated, inefficient technologies are still used to produce iron and steel. Carbon dioxide emissions from steel production, which range between 5 and 15% of total country emissions in key developing countries (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa), will continue to grow as these countries develop and as demand for steel products such as materials, automobiles, and appliances increases. In this report, we describe the key steel processes, discuss typical energy-intensity values for these processes, review historical trends in iron and steel production by process in five key developing countries, describe the steel industry in each of the five key developing countries, present international comparisons of energy use and carbon dioxide emissions among these countries, and provide our assessment of the technical potential to reduce these emissions based on best-practice benchmarking. Using a best practice benchmark, we find that significant savings, in the range of 33% to 49% of total primary energy used to produce steel, are technically possible in these countries. Similarly, we find that the technical potential for reducing intensities of carbon dioxide emissions ranges between 26% and 49% of total carbon dioxide emissions from steel production in these countries.

Price, L.K.; Phylipsen, G.J.M.; Worrell, E.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Development of a Water Environment Fatigue Design Curve for Austenitic Stainless Steels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This note presents the technical basis for a proposed strain-rate and temperature independent fatigue design curve for austenitic stainless steels.

T. R. Leax

2002-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

500

Investigation for the selection of foaming agents to produce steel foams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During earlier investigators conducted at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Materials Research (IFAM), concentrating on the metal foaming technology using the powder metallurgy process, it was shown that some steel alloys are foamable with Fraunhofer`s patented powder technology approach. To further investigate the foamability of steel alloys, suitable foaming agents need to be identified and characterized. This article reports the finding of two metallic compounds used for steel foaming. The foaming behaviors of the selected foaming agents in the steel powder compacts are also evaluated in terms of different alloying elements.

Yu, C.J.; Eifert, H.H. [Fraunhofer Resource Center Delaware, Newark, DE (United States); Knuewer, M.; Weber, M.; Baumeister, J. [Fraunhofer Inst. for Applied Materials Research, Bremen (Germany)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z