Sample records for opec saudi arabia

  1. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  2. area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

  3. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  4. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

  5. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

  6. Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

  7. The education of women in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quintanilla, Linda Jean

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , villages, and cities. Nor was this region attrac- tive to Western powers, and so it escaped Western colonial- ism. Some areas were eventually occupied, however. These were the western provinces, and the al-Hasa, in the east, both of which were dominated..., and domestic science. (14) The Period of the Early 1900's Beginning in the early 1900's, education in Arabia started to change rapidly. At that time, the Ottomans, who controlled the Higaz, in western Arabia, and the al-Hasa in the eas t, decided...

  8. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  9. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  10. Saudi Arabia: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco), the only operator in the country, that has accelerated its production expansion program aimed at boosting capacity from the current 8.5 million bpd to 10 million bpd. Initially expected to be completed by 1999, it now appears a sustainable 10 million bpd rate may be attainable by 1996. By this time next year, at least nine major onshore projects will have been started as well as five offshore. Included will be development of Hawtah, the initial oil discovery in the Central province south of Riyadh. The program also means significantly increased drilling. In fact, 1991 completions should easily double those of last year.

  11. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show MapSasolSatlujSaudi

  12. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  13. The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzeid, Reem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

  14. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  15. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  16. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

  17. First record of Chiasmognathus from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time. Chiasmognathus nearchus Engel was previously known from specimens collected in the United Arab ...

  18. Three dimensional geologic modeling of a fractured reservoir, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A geological assessment of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia shows that it is a Type 2 fractured reservoir in which fractures provide the essential permeability. Intercrystalline microporosity, found within the basinally deposited mudstones and wackestones, is the dominant porosity type. Near-vertical, east-west-oriented extension fractures are preferentially localized in low-to-moderate porosities associated with stylolites. Porosity/fracture density relationships, combined with the results of structural curvature mapping, yielded a 3-dimensional model of fracture density. Fracture permeability and fracture porosity distributions were generated by integrating fracture density modeling results with average fracture aperture information derived from well test data. Dramatic differences exist between matrix- and fracture-related porosity, permeability models that help explain observed production behavior within the field. These models are being used by reservoir and simulation engineers for daily reservoir management, history matching, and long-term development drilling planning.

  19. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  20. Applications of the Array Induction Tool in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zainalabedin, K.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Cao Minh, C.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its introduction in Saudi Arabia in 1993, the Array Induction Tool (AIT) has been run extensively in a wide variety of petrophysical environments. These include fresh mud, salty mud, high and low resistivity formations, hydrocarbon-bearing or water-bearing reservoirs in carbonates and clastics sequences. In some examples, the AIT was also run in conjunction with the Phasor Induction (PI) or Dual-Laterolog for comparison purpose. As with any resistivity device, the AIT`s primary product, an accurate Rt measurement, should not be overlooked. However, owing to the AIT`s multiple vertical resolutions and depths of investigation, the authors found that the tool yields additional information about the reservoirs that is not possible with older induction tools. The AIT improves the estimation of Rt in cases of thin laminations, complex invasion profiles or when the borehole correction is critical (wash-out, salty mud, high resistivity). In many instances, permeable beds that are invaded are much easier to identify with the AIT than with dual depths of investigation induction or laterolog tools. a typical case is the interpretation of annulus. Finally, they show the AIT characteristic response in a thing magnetic marker.

  1. Gas sweetening in Saudi Arabia in large dga plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; Van De Venne, H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are concerned with the natural gas conditioning by using sweetening agent, diglycolamine or DGA, a trademark name for 2-(2-amino-ethoxy) ethanol or 2-2 hydroxy-ethylamine. This paper describes the use of DGA in Saudi Arabia, where Aramco has several DGA plants to treat large amounts of low pressure associated gas to 1/4 grain gas pipeline specification. The paper also describes the reasons why DGA was selected, some of the special features of these plants and the operating experiences to date. It is demonstrated that DGA is a very potent gas sweetening agent. Sour gases with H/sub 2/S concentrations ranging from 3-8% and with CO/sub 2/ concentrations ranging from 8-14% can be treated in a single contactor with 21 trays producing sweet gas containing 1-2 ppm H/sub 2/S and less than 100 ppm CO/sub 2/. Recommendations for practice are included.

  2. Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Unayzah reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senalp, M.; Abdulaziz, A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant reserves of Arabian super light oil, condensate, and associated gas occur in the various genetically different sandstone bodies of the upper Permian Unayzah and Khuff Formations in Central Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah Formation which rests unconformably on the older formations is composed of red colored, poorly sorted conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, caliche and nodular anhydrite. Facies changes occur due to the presence of various subenvironments and possible faulting and structural growth in the basin during deposition. However, the entire Unayzah Formation shows an overall fining and thinning-upward sequence. It was deposited as coalescing alluvial fans dominated by braided streams which graded into meandering stream and playa lakes under and to semi-arid conditions. Eolian processes were also inferred. A marked unconformity which is indicated by the occurrence of thick caliche and soil horizons separate the Unayzah and the overlying Khuff Formation. The Khuff Formation consists primarily of marine shale, marl, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstones in the lower parts; shale, limestone, dolomite, and amhydrite in the upper parts. The sandstones were deposited as incised channel fills and their associated low stand deltaic sediments as a result of fluctuating sea level during the deposition of the Khuff Formation. The base of the incised channels represent a sequence boundary. Red colored and rooted paleosols were formed on the underlying marine sediments. During relative sea level rise, good quality reservoir sands were deposited by aggradation within the incised channels. Sand deposition within the channels terminated at the same time, and the area was covered by shallow marine limestones, shales and marls during maximum sea level highstand. Although the Unayzah reservoir occurs in both the Unayzah and the Khuff Formations because of their different geometry, continuity, and reservoir quality, they have been studied separately.

  3. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  4. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, weFrom Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory

  5. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  6. Oil and diplomacy: the evolution of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia, 1933-1945

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, R.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the transformation of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia between the years 1933 and 1945. At the beginning of this period American-Saudi relations were negligible. However, by the end of World War II in 1945, American policy-makers had concluded that the Saudi Kingdom was a nation vital to America's long-term economic and strategic interests. This remarkable official about face was the result of several factors including the potential of Saudi Arabian oilfields, the shifting priorities of Washington policy-makers and the lobbying efforts of a Saudi-based American commercial concern, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). ARAMCO entered Saudi Arabia in 1933. As the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East they feared European, especially British, interference in their operations. To forestall this possibility, real or imagined, the oilmen turned to Washington for help. Although official assistance was not immediately forthcoming, ARAMCO did find support in the Near Eastern Affairs Division (NEA) of the Department of State.

  7. Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbar, Jamel A

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

  8. Gas custody measurement accuracy improved in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, I. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To comply with new and more accurate gas measurement standards, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) modified software for existing flow computers and installed an on-line gas chromatograph for measuring natural gas and ethane-rich gas sales. For gases of varying composition (e.g., ethane-rich gas), a knowledge of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) relationship is required for determining supercompressibility factors. The BWR-Starling equation of state was determined to best represent ethane-rich gas properties and is programmed in the new flow computers. The paper discusses gas sales, previous installations, previous calculations, revised calculations, application to ethane-rich gas, the orifice-flow constant, and field modifications of computers.

  9. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  10. Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: a study of the dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, I.H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A US oil policy towrad Saudi Arabia began emerging as the US moved from a net exporter of petroleum in the 1940s and as the US government realized that Saudi Arabia's vast reserves were under concession to an American Oil Company, Aramco. Anderson reconstructs the years between 1933 and 1950 and provides a case study of the evolution of US foreign oil policy and the complex relationships between the US government and the business world. He draws on diplomatic materials and corporate documents as well as interviews with former corporate and government officials to show that a de facto coalition of government agencies and oil companies had coalesced around the rapid development of Saudi oil by 1950. The policy grew out of a long series of confrontations among competing government agencies and domestic interest groups that finally produced a consensus and left policy implementation in the hands of private enterprise, setting the stage for the events to follow. 251 references, 9 tables.

  11. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  12. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel: + 96638602305 (O), Fax: +966386

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Copyright 2013, Society

  13. Origin and migration of hydrocarbons in the Paleozoic system of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, U.A. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a progress report on geochemical studies of the sub-Khuff Paleozoic rocks in Saudi Arabia, summarizing current laboratory results from both Saudi Aramco and American companies and their preliminary interpretations. From oil/oil and oil/rock correlations as well as maturity modeling, it may be concluded that sweet sub-Khuff oils, condensates, and gases are closely related to each other, and are derived from a common source: the hot shales of the basal Qusaiba Formation (Lower Silurian). The hydrocarbons that have been discovered in the Hawtah trend must have migrated updip from the presently overmature Rub-Al-Khali depocenter, where oil generation was initiated as early as 160 Ma. The oil window in the Rub-Al-Khali embayment, where active oil and condensate generation is taking place at present, is at depths between approximately 10,000 and 14,000 ft. Oil accumulation housed at depths more than approximately 14,000 {plus minus} 500 ft are being cracked into gas and condensate depending on variations in the generally low geothermal gradients of 1.5 {plus minus} 0.1F/100 ft. The residue of this natural refinery process is pyrobitumen, or deal oil, that is a pore plugging agent in many reservoirs at these depths. All products have very low-sulfur kerogen. The economic impact of these findings is very significant.

  14. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  15. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  16. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  17. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Strae 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMSs) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMSs. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  18. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  19. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  20. Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    affect the flow of oil revenues to a rentier state and its ability to manipulate supplies and priceNeo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only and producing countries. It has left consuming countries exposed to threats of supply disruption and price

  1. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot...

  2. Application of Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM) to an Onshore Green Field in Saudi Arabia; Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Aramco, Razi Gaskari and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc. and Olugbenga A. Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation field using Saudi Aramco's in-house POWERSTM simulator. The geological model that serves

  3. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  4. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ., Jim Liu, Saudi Aramco, Razi Gaskari, and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc., and Olugbenga Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared

  5. OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  6. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  7. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  8. Potential petroleum source rock deposition in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation, Rub'Al Khali, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Hennington, R.D.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation and regional geochemical sampling in the Rub'Al Khali (The Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia indicate at least two potential petroleum source rock units occur in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation. These two sequences, informally named the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif, are dominated by oil-prone amorphous (Type II) organic matter, in places in excess of 10 weight percent organic carbon. Both units are fine-grained pelagic lime mudstones which were probably deposited in relatively quiet anoxic waters of large intraplatform embayments or basins. The Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif reflect strong marine transgressions on the Arabian craton in Albian to Cenomanian and Cenomanian to Turonian time, respectively. Regressive-phase sedimentary rocks overlying these two transgressive organic-rock phases are generally poor in organic carbon despite being deposited, in part, in similar forereef open-marine depositional settings. The sealevel high-stands associated with the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif are partly synchronous with two recently described ''oceanic anoxic events'' respectively occurring in late Barremian to late Albian time and late Cenomanian to early Turonian time. Although there is a credible time correlation of these organic-rock units with oceanic anoxic events, their connection to oceanic anoxic events could be strengthened if they could be traced out to the vicinity of the middle Cretaceous continental margin.

  9. A depositional model in the Arabian Intrashelf basin: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa reservoir of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The 100 m thick Hanifa Reservoir interval consists of interlayered peloidal packstone and wackestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. During an Upper Jurassic relative sea level lowstand, paleotopography within the Arabian Intrashelf basin localized fine-grained packstone into isolated mounds over the Abqaiq South Dome area, while muddier facies were being deposited over the North Nose. The Abqaiq Hanifa carbonate mound was zoned using sequence stratigraphy as a conceptual framework to ensure that chronostratigraphic relationships were honored, and that the subsequent computer model would therefore accurately reflect spatial porosity continuity within the reservoir. The Hanifa Reservoir was subdivided into five widely correlative zones that approximate separate parasequences, each beginning with tight mudstone-wackestone and grading upward into porous wackestone-packstone. Sequence stratigraphy interpretations are based on regional wireline log correlations combined with core descriptions and show the Abqaiq Hanifa to be time equivalent to only the upper few meters of the Hanifa Reservoir in fields to the north. In addition to reservoir modeling utility, these two general intrashelf basin settings have potential for stratigraphic traps. Wherever reservoir-quality rock can be found, proximity to the Hanifa/Hadriya source rocks-the source for much of Saudi Arabia's vast reserves-makes the Hanifa a favorable exploration target.

  10. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    /Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia February for the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi In depth knowledge and practical experience of reservoir rock properties

  11. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    ' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene Arabia show a color change, from white during the time of low droplet number concentration, to brown by the cloud is investigated and the changes in cloud properties are documented. Conclusions The 'brown' ice

  12. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  13. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  14. arabia syrian arab: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contribution towards a sustainable energy future. This paper presents a set of renewable energy scenarios for the currently oil-rich Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These scenarios have...

  15. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  16. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  17. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  18. Comparative analysis of Nigerian international oil marketing model (NIOMM) and the models of four selected OPEC members; and a proposed new model for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udeke, O.O.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study demonstrates that NIOMM has deficiencies and, as a result, has affected the progress of Nigeria's political and socio-economic development. One finding is that Nigeria is beset with ineffective planning, lack of marketing expertise, and inadequate marketing strategies. Other findings show that: (1) the Nigerian oil industry (HOI) is suffering from mismanagement stemming from corruption, tribalism, Federal Character Policy, and lack of dedication and patriotism by the Nigerian workers; (2) there is inefficiency in the Nigerian national petroleum corporation (NNPC) but, at the same time, the inefficiency is partly because of the government policies, conflicts, interference by high government officials and politicians, and the enormous size of the oil industry; (3) oil revenues are improperly utilized; (4) neither the multinational oil corporations (MNOCs) nor multinational corporations (MNCs) are assisting the oil producing nations (OPNs) or developing countries (DCs) in their economic development, and MNOCs and MNCs are interested in profit maximization; and (5) MNCs do not transfer the type of technology that meets the needs of DCs, and sometimes the technology creates problems for DCs which ultimately results into conflicts between MNCs and DCs. The inverse of these problems has been a sine qua non for success in the IOMMs of the four OPEC member, especially in Saudi Arabia.

  19. Saudi MTBE project revived

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

  20. OPEC at high noon 1974-1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

  1. Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.

  2. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  3. Determinants of official OPEC crude prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verleger, P.K. Jr.

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hypothesis of this paper is that crude oil, like any other unfinished commodity, is valued for the products derived from it; the purpose is to offer an empirical explanation for changes in the crude price charged by the members of OPEC. The model results show that the market-clearing prices reported to prevail for petroleum products on the principal petroleum spot market at Rotterdam are the primary determinants of changes in official crude prices. A systematic relationship between offical and spot prices is argued to have prevailed since 1974. An appendix clarifies five types of data required for the model. 13 references, 4 tables.

  4. Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe C.-Y. Cynthia Lin1 Abstract This paper estimates a Hotelling model of the world oil market nature of the resource, is a more appropriate model for the world oil market than a static model is. JEL

  5. Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe C.-Y. Cynthia Lin1 Abstract This paper estimates a dynamic model of the world oil market and tests over time over the period of study. JEL Classification: L71, L10, N50 Keywords: world oil market

  6. Seawater can damage Saudi sandstone oil reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahab, A.S. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

    1990-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments have shown that formation damage from waterflooding of the Aramco and Alkhafji sandstones of Saudi Arabia will not occur if the salinity of the injected brines is higher than 20% NaCl. Because the connate water in these reservoirs has a high salt content of up to 231,000 ppm, Saudi oil fields are almost always susceptible to formation damage when flooded with seawater (about 38,500 ppm). The productive behavior of a reservoir can be affected by clay crystals developed within rock pores.

  7. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

  8. Inscrutable OPEC? : behavioral tests of the cartel hypothesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that standard statistical tests of OPEC behavior have very low power across a wide range of alternative hypotheses regarding market structure. Consequently, it is difficult, given the current availability and ...

  9. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Graduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Saudi Aramco* Process Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MENG Saudi Aramco* Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MS

  10. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of...

  11. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Arab Emirates. Other Non-OPEC Countries include Brazil, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands and other non-OPEC countries. Source: U.S. Energy...

  12. OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

  13. Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Kathleen

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    system in 1971 and the advent of petrodollars on world currency markets, the emergence of the Soviet Union as an oil exporter, the rise of OPEC as a regulator of oil prices and the consequent decline in the power of the seven major multinational oil...

  14. Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Kathleen

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The oil shocks of the 1970s, initiated by the first Arab oil embargo in 1973, stunned the industrialized world. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) controlled a resource that was vital to the national well-being and national...

  15. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  16. Aramco gears for mature saudi production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleakley, W.B.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is encountering the condition of maturing production in some of its prolific fields. A new Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center and other modern facilities will assist Aramco engineers in solving problems of water production, artificial lift, fluid injection, and others associated with normal reservoir depletion. The Aramco producing operation in Saudi Arabia is in 2 main parts--northern and southern. Reservoirs in the northern part (largely off shore) are generally sandstone, while those to the south are carbonate. The current trend is to produce fields according to reserves, which still gives Ghawar field a huge edge. However, offshore fields are being developed to increase production of medium to heavy crude to replace light from Ghawar to reach the goal of balanced production and reserves. Most of the older fields are under water injection to increase oil recovery. Permeabilities are high, and peripheral patterns are used, with injection wells safely outside the oil-water contacts.

  17. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and other non-OPEC countries. Petroleum imports from Canada have been...

  18. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  19. version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

  20. abha saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  1. arabia saudi biological: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  2. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle School (6-8)Need for a SecondInvestments | Department

  3. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuringDepartment of Energy Energy Secretary Chu's

  4. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to: navigation, search Name:Riverway

  5. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy OffshoreDeveloper - Q & A Home

  6. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski - Policy Advisor, EnergyA look atTransfersin

  7. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  8. Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

  9. David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Modern Life with Sustainable Energy Presents an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    (Energy Information Administration) Oil Reserves Reported by OPEC Countries and relying on oil companies isn't much better 250 200 150 100 50 0 ProvedCrudeOilReserves(BillionBarrels) 200520001995199019851980 Year Saudi Arabia Iraq United Arab Emirates Iran Mexico #12;David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Energy "Reserves

  10. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #836: Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports

  11. Monetary explanation of inflation: the experience of three major OPEC economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darrat, A.F.

    1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes and tests empirically the monetary explanation of inflation in the case of the moderate inflationary experience of three major OPEC economies over the last two decades. The estimated model takes into account the underlying money demand relationship, and pays careful attention to the model's lag specifications. The empirical results show that the monetary model of inflation adequately explains the inflationary process in each of the countries studied. These empirical results, furthermore, are econometrically valid insofar as they are not plagued with significant simultaneous-equation bias. In addition, the estimated equations are also found to exhibit structural stability over time. 39 references, 4 tables.

  12. 2, 169190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    eED 2, 169­190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and Africa-Arabia plate boundaries R. Westaway et al. Title PageEarth Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of eEarth Geometry of the Turkey-Arabia and Africa in eastern Turkey R. Westaway1,2 , T. Demir3 , and A. Seyrek4 1 Faculty of Mathematics and Computing

  13. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  14. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

  15. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    parameters like initial mud weight used for drilling, mud weight increment and problems per well were used for drilling horizontal wells. These parameters were used first on the drilling data of vertical wells. The developed procedure was then applied to the drilling data of directional wells to show the dependence of mud

  16. Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

  17. 264 Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, Vol. 6, Nos. 1/2/3/4, 2010 Copyright 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayres, Virginia

    scholarship from the national oil company of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Aramco). His research interests include

  18. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Undergraduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Samsung Engineer I Austin TX Saudi Aramco Operation Engineer Dhahran Saudi ARABIA Schlumberger Field

  19. Introduction Report 21 of the Consortium project "Seismic Waves in Complex 3D Structures"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Bakulin (SaudiAramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; SEG distinguished lec- turer), Norman Bleistein (Colorado

  20. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 70, NO. 5 (SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2005); P. D55D64, 18 FIGS., 1 TABLE. 10.1190/1.2052468

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsvankin, Ilya

    received January 31, 2005; published online September 9, 2005. 1 Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia

  1. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  2. Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley,IsabelSarsia SeedSaudi

  3. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  4. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  5. Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassouf, Ronald Elie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

  6. Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ordering, overproduction, wrong storage, wrong handling, manufacturing defects, and theft or vandalism (Garas, Anis, and El Gammal 2001). Alshayeb 13"" 2.2.1 Waste of Materials Material waste is a huge area of waste in construction. Bossink...

  7. Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

  8. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  9. DGA proves out as a low pressure gas sweetener in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; van de Venne, H.

    1981-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is successfully using diglycolamine (DGA) to treat low-pressure associated sour gases to 1/4 gr H/sub 2/S/100 SCF specifications. The DGA process meets the design criteria of (1) handling high acid-gas-content (up to 15%) feed gases, (2) sweetening at high temperatures (120/sup 0/-140/sup 0/F) and low pressures (120-180 psig), (3) removing both H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ in a single step and (4) providing a Claus-plant feed suitable for the production of bright-yellow (rather than black) sulfur.

  10. A continental clastic depositional model for the Permian Unayzah formation, Hawtah field, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Permian Unayzah Formation lies unconformably on the Silurian Qusaiba Member of the Qalibah Formation. The pre-Unayzah unconformity (PUU) represents a Hercynian tectonic event responsible for uplift and erosion representing 100-150 m.y. worth of missing section along the Hawtah Trend. Overlying the PUU, the Unayzah clastic sequence is comprised of locally sourced sediments from the adjacent paleotopography. Above the thin veneer of locally sourced sediments is a more regionally sourced, confined braided stream sequence, which completely backfills the existing paleotopography. Once the paleotopographic surface had been leveled, the depositional environment changed from a confined braided stream to a broad braided plain. Within this sequence of vertically stacked and laterally migrating braided plain sediments, the bulk of the reservoirs within the Hawtah field are contained. As the transgressive Khuff seas continue to encroach on the Unayzah depositional system, the upper-most sediments of the broad braided plan environment are reworked by transgressive coastal processes. The resulting reworked shoreface and shallow-marine facies are genetically related to the Khuff transgression and lie unconformably on the Unayzah continental clastics.

  11. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  12. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Integration of borehole imaging data with available open-hole log, core, and well-test data from horizontal and vertical wells allowed for the distribution of fracture parameters, including fracture density, aperture, porosity, and permeability throughout a geocellular model. Analysis of over 5000 fractures showed that changes in lithology, grain size, and/or bed thickness do not correlate with changes in fracture densities. Review of P- and S-wave log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. Fracture permeabilities compare favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix- related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (ER 50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  13. Indirect fracture delineation in a carbonate reservoir: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The Hanifa Reservoir is approximately 100 m thick and consists of fine-grained, muddy limestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. Since discovery of the Hanifa oil pool in 1947, pressure fluctuations have indicated communication with the overlying Arab-D Reservoir. Welltest permeability measurements are approximately 40 times higher than core permeability measurements of the Hanifa. This divergence of Hanifa permeability measurements combined with the indicated Arab-D communication suggests the presence of a natural fracture network. Direct observations of Hanifa cores reveal common, sub-vertical fractures with average apertures <200 microns. With limited core coverage and no oriented cores, a new technique was needed to delineate the areas affected by fractures. A technique combining indirect fracture indicators was devised for Abqaiq field and can be applied to other, similar fields. The actual flow system of the Abqaiq Hanifa is a complex interaction between matrix porosity/permeability and fracture permeability or enhanced permeability. Future development plans allow for low matrix permeability access to much of the Hanifa storage space and high fracture permeability both within the Hanifa and connecting to the Arab-D Reservoir.

  14. The Effects of the Fiscal Policy on Economic Activity in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkahtani, Kablan Jadia

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The fiscal policy has been studied extensively, but only as a one shot deal and with emphasis on developed economies. The study of fiscal policy as a trajectory and of its consequences, also, as trajectory has been pioneered ...

  15. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

  17. Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

  18. al-qassim saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  19. al-hassa saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  20. Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Obser? vation Injection Sus? pended Aban? doned Drilling Total ABQAIQ 56 6(a) 4 12(b) 0 2 0 80 ABU HADRIYA 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 5 DAMMAM 27(c) 4(d) 1 0 0 10(e) 0 42 FADHILI 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 GHAWAR: A IN DAR 44 6 3 6(1) 1 1 0 61 SHEDGUM 14 1 1 0 0 1... H 3 h u66 ?-? 01 a o n * 5foOoa(aoOHooooo EkT)smbm-)TnnnunuooooO#mounnnnnCaAoobnnnnnnn6sa ( abl ?5? f0 I n 1? O 41I U 5 3 H co c ? I * *C U -D ce si ?o *H >% 3 O ?r- ** a* * a C ? 3 ? ^s *ir "u ?* ^ O O O O O O O O O O O O O o...

  1. Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Detrital grains were classified as quartz (monocrystalline), feldspar, rock fragments (mostly polycrystalline quartz), others (includes heavy minerals, opaques, and mica), and matrix. Detrital grain compositions were then normalized to one hundred... percent. Cements were considered as the percent of the bulk composition. Mean grain size was determined from long axis measurements of 100 monocrystalline quartz grains in each thin section. The maximum grain size, and standard deviation were used...

  2. Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alohali, Yousef Nasser

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

  3. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co LtdTN LLC

  4. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success| DepartmentEnergyFeed Reporting

  5. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical PublicationsDepartmentEnergy Meeting

  6. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004 MeetingDepartment of

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Set-Top BoxSS-2 SANS SCADA Summit

  8. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction to EnergyDepartmentOffice of Small and DisadvantagedEnergyDepartment of

  9. Industrial Energy Efficiency Achieving Success in a Difficult Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castellow, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continue to pace energy prices overall. As history shows, oil prices are subject to many market forces outside of supply and demand. In Carter?s era, the factor that drove prices to historic highs was the Arab Oil Embargo. It was subsequently driven... down to levels that could not have been predicted at the time by supply market issues as the OPEC nations, especially Saudi Arabia, changed major production policies. In 2008 new historically high oil prices resulted from the influence...

  10. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  13. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  14. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  15. OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia, T.M. Okasha, Aramco Co., Saudi Arabia and A.A. AlGathe, Hadhrmout

  16. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  17. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  18. Geophysical limitations on the erosion history within Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alex J.

    The Arabia Terra region, an area of ~1 10[superscript 7] km[superscript 2] lying south of the hemispheric dichotomy boundary and centered at (25E, 5N), is a unique physiographic province with topography and crustal ...

  19. 62 MATERIALS PERFORMANCE August 2009 Mechanistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    Ku, BP America, Inc., Houston, Texas ivan CruZ, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia This article presents

  20. Identifying Boundaries of Dominant Regions Dictating Spectrum Sharing Opportunities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    , then the interference is considered This work was funded by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. to be non

  1. On the Asymptotic Analysis of Average Interference Power Generated by a Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    was supported by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. GHz at six locations including the New York City [5

  2. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  3. Improving fractionation lowers butane sulfur level at Saudi gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Martinie, G.D.; Rahman, A. [Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1998-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing the debutanizer reflux/feed ratio to improve fractionation at an eastern Saudi Arabian NGL plant reduced high sulfur in the butane product. The sulfur resulted from dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contamination in the feed stream from an offshore crude-oil reservoir in the northern Arabian Gulf. The contamination is limited to two northeastern offshore gas-oil separation plants operated by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) and, therefore, cannot be transported to facilities outside the Eastern Province. Two technically acceptable solutions for removing this contaminant were investigated: 13X molecular-sieve adsorption of the DMS and increased fractionation efficiency. The latter would force DMS into the debutanizer bottoms.

  4. Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daghistani, Farouk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) womens participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhoods outdoor recreational facilities. The goal...

  5. Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dhahran Saudi Arabia http www saudiaramco com en home html Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF P O Box Yanbu S audi...

  6. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of pioneering feminist reformers in the country and theof the JCCI illustrates how reformers were able to utilize aconservatives and liberal reformers. These competing social

  7. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. (Mobile E P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); McGuire, M.; Al'Shammery, M.J.; Al'Amoudi M.O. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  8. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. [Mobile E & P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); McGuire, M.; Al`Shammery, M.J.; Al`Amoudi M.O. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  9. LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahafi, Mamdooh

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

  10. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economyand Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economy

  11. The large carpenter bees of central Saudi Arabia, with notes on the biology of Xylocopa sulcatipes Maa (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Xylocopinae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannan, Mohammed A.; Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Owayss, Ayman A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and grab females for mating. In addition to foraging at C. procera, females were observed visiting Reseda alba L. (Resedaceae) and radish [Raphanus sativus L. (Brassicaceae)]. Given that species of Xylocopa may be useful for agricultural pollination...

  12. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

  13. An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenayan, Abdullah T

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Riyadh, Qatee, , an!f i&naiza eerie into being, a tribal 12ader or a family establisl-ed some morc lf Kuie over a g oup of scattered towns but tier m no mormon:. . t s ates unt '. tne Saild1 et= w sich star ei ' 2 !liig thE' . l The citatiors ori... but not in Al-Qateef. Oasis f32, p. 24]. It is expected that some varieties of these crops will be adapted and gt! w!1 co . !Ierciol. 2;1, ' "r e mo: ' . , !od, rn ir& lf at ! On sch!'. , !P 1 s c?tie! ou" ! 32, p. 39] VaLe: . equi e. . n1s Thc s!!pply o...

  14. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    the technical side, this project uses Thermal Energy storage (TES) system; which is considered to be a system that depends on operating the coolers at night and storing the cold, icy water to be used during the day which helps to reduce the electrical power... the world as a result of urbanization, some evidences refer that the percentage of the building wastes resulted by the activities of building and destroying has been increased all over the world with 20% - 42% of the total of the wastes. In addition...

  15. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  16. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  17. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  18. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  19. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  20. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  1. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  2. 4418 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 9, NOVEMBER 2010 Investigating the Gaussian Convergence of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. This paper was presented in part at the 25th Biennial Symposium with Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: mjuaid@gmail.com). H. Yanikomeroglu

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    South Persian Gulf, south Arabia and Sinai along... , falls within that of the Sinai population. In Sudan, breeding was recorded from June to September (Snow Source: Nathan,...

  4. Geochemical analysis of reservoir continuity and connectivity, Arab-D and Hanifa Reservoirs, Abqaiq Field, Saudia Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahdi, A.A.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Hwang, R. [Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., La Habra, CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic geochemistry and its integration with geologic and reservoir engineering data is becoming increasingly utilized to assist geologists and petroleum engineers in solving production related problems. In Abqaiq Field of eastern Saudi Arabia, gas chromatographic analysis (FSCOT) of produced oils from the Arab-D and Hanifa reservoirs was used to evaluate vertical and lateral continuity within and between these reservoirs. Bulk and molecular properties of produced Arab-D oils do not vary significantly over the 70 km length and 10 km width of the reservoir. Hanifa oils, however, do reflect two compositionally distinct populations that are hot in lateral communication, compatible with the occurrence of a large oil pool in the southern part of the field, and a separate, and smaller northern accumulation. The Arab-D and underlying Hanifa oil pools are separated by over 450 feet of impermeable carbonates of the Jubaila Formation, yet the Southern Hanifa pool and the Arab-D have been in pressure communication since onset of Hanifa production in 1954. Recent borehole imaging and core data from horizontal Hanifa wells confirmed the long suspected occurrence of fractures responsible for fluid transmissibility within the porous (up to 35%) but tight (<10md matrix K) Hanifa reservoir, and between the Hanifa and Arab-D. The nearly identical hydrocarbon composition of oils from the Arab-D and southern Hanifa pool provided the final confirmation of fluid communication between the two reservoirs, and extension of a Hanifa fracture-fault network via the Jubaila Formation. This work lead to acquisition of 3-D seismic to image and map the fracture-fault system. The molecular fingerprinting approach demonstrated that produced oils can be used to evaluate vertical and lateral reservoir continuity, and at Abqaiq Field confirmed, in part, the need to produce the Hanifa reservoir via horizontal wells to arrest the reservoir communication that occurs with existing vertical wells.

  5. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  6. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  7. Author's personal copy Unemployment effects of climate policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Eckaus c, * a Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia b Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Climate Change

  8. Impact of Secondary Users' Field Size on Spectrum Sharing Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. spatial size of the field of secondary users. In most studies, the spatial

  9. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  10. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  11. Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (BarremianAptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

    2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides the most updated stratigraphic, depositional and diagenetic histories of the Early Cretaceous Biyadh and Shu'aiba formations. Carbon isotope data were integrated with core descriptions and well logs to define the age model beyond...

  12. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joarder, Anwar H

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  13. Simulation effectively sites surge-relief facilities on Saudi pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.J.; Al-Gouhi, A.H. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahrain (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Pipeline hydraulic and surge analysis studies of the Saudi Aramco East-West crude-oil pipeline assisted in expanding the system's capacity by 50%. Surge studies predicted that operational upsets, such as the trip of a pump station, cause excessive surge pressures in the pipeline system at new flow rates. Additional surge studies showed that surge-relief stations must be located downstream from each of six pump stations. The new surge-relief stations and an increase in capacity of existing surge-relief stations protect the pipelines at the higher flow rates. The paper describes modeling the system, the analysis of the hydraulics, surge analysis, acoustic transit times, relief valve simulation, surge-relief protection, surge-relief stations, station locations, simulation results, tank sizing, and valve testing.

  14. Petroleum Geosciences Program Dr. Aldo Vesnaver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    Dhabi). 2010 2013: Saudi Aramco Chair Professor of Seismic Exploration at the King Fahd University Physics of Miramare (Italy). 2001 2006: Geophysical Specialist at Saudi Aramco (Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  15. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  16. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  17. For a "Little Scrap of Paper"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  18. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  19. DISTRIBUTION OF HYDRATED SULFATES ACROSS ARABIA TERRA USING CRISM DATA: IMPLICATIONS FOR MARTIAN HYDROLOGY. S. M. Wiseman1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, Saint Louis, MO. Introduction: Hydrologic modeling relevant to late Noachian through Hesperian conditions on Mars predicts that Arabia Terra was a region of enhanced groundwater upwelling that resulted topography (Fig. 1). The most well preserved deposit explained by the Andrews-Hanna hydrologic model

  20. KING FAHD UNIVERCITY OF PETROLUEM AND MINIRALS DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghadhban, Samir

    in 2009. When I finished the training, they were waiting for the acceptance from Saudi Aramco to sign a contract with them to be one of Aramco suppliers. There is only one branch in Saudi Arabia located

  1. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  2. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  5. al-sulaibiya field kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Kuwait France Spain I taly Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Turkey Saudi Arabia Kuwait France Spain I taly Mexico Argentina China Kuwait Japan Korea...

  6. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American Oil Company (ARAMCO) enclave in Saudi Arabia.more critical look at ARAMCO is by political scientist,Arabian- American Oil Company (ARAMCO). Indeed, according to

  7. Receiver-based Recovery of Clipped OFDM Signals for PAPR Reduction: A Bayesian Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    pilots contaminated by the clipping distortion. Numerical findings are presented, that depict favourable University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Corresponding Author: T. Y. Al

  8. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  9. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  10. Learning from Roman Seawater Concrete

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; the Loeb Classical Library Foundation, Harvard University; and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of...

  11. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  12. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  13. Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile Gas Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    60 70 80 90 100 Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Azerbaijan Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia Libya. Generacin solar -fotovoltaica, concentradores solares. Pelamis Energa Geotrmica -energa calrica

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  15. Secretary Bodman Meets with Jordanian Prime Minister to Tout...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to Saudi Arabia before continuing his trip through the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Egypt where he will continue dialogues with global leaders to enhance the United States'...

  16. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  17. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  18. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  19. Energy and the Evolution of World-Systems: Fueling Power and Environmental Degradation, 1800-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Kirk Steven

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portugal Trinidad and Tobago Malta Saudi Arabia Argentinaper Capita, with Power Country Islamic Rep. of Iran MaltaAlgeria Malta Korea, Rep. of (South) Korea, Rep. of (South)

  20. How Robust Is Muslim Support for Patriarchal Values? A Cross-National Multi-Level Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.; Welzel, Christian

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Egypt Japan Philippines Egypt Malta S. Korea Saudi ArabiaU.S.A. Zimbabwe U.K. NL Malta Canada Portugal Finland Ghana

  1. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  2. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI...

  3. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    the development of sustainable practices and expertise. Drilling fluids are necessary for drilling oil and gas and functions of the drilling fluids, contaminates the subsurface and underground systems, landfills important part of any earth excavation exercise, especially when drilling for oil and gas. The drilling

  4. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305 (O), Fax: 0096638604447.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    the development of sustainable practices and expertise. Drilling fluids are necessary for drilling oil and gas and functions of the drilling fluids, contaminates the subsurface and underground systems, landfills

  5. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    , distribution, or storage of any part of this paper without the written consent of the Society of Petroleum of reservoir performance. Keywords: porous media, dimensionless number, temperature distribution, temperature

  6. Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds indicated a color change in the accumulated ice. Specifically, the ice color changed from white, during concentrations observed (as well as other changes in the convective cloud properties that were documented

  7. Pathways Analysis for State Proliferators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mella, Michael

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    for Sweden .......................................................... 89 Figure 29 The enrichment pathways for Sweden .................................................... 90 Figure 30 Loose export controls but no reactor, reprocessing, or enrichment... for Saudi Arabia ............................................................... 94 Figure 31 Loose export controls and a reactor for Saudi Arabia. ............................ 95 Figure 32 Loose export controls with a reactor and reprocessing...

  8. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudawa, Muhamed F.

    @kfupm.edu.sa M. K. AlGhuson (B) EXPEC Computer Center, Saudi Aramco, P.O. Box 10265, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia E-mail: mohammed.ghuson@aramco.com 123 Author's personal copy #12;786 Arab J Sci Eng (2011) 36. At Saudi Aramco, the world's largest oil producing company, in its Exploration and Petroleum Engineering

  9. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  10. Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reffat, R. M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the findings on the identification of market requirements of smart buildings technologies for high rise office buildings in Saudi Arabia including: levels of importance of smart building technologies for office buildings, current...

  11. Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience fields in Saudi Arabia', Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.115131. Biographical

  12. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the Washington Institute...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    barrels of oil per day, of which it consumes about 2.5 million barrels. If domestic consumption in Saudi Arabia continues to rise along predicted levels, in coming years much of...

  13. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  14. Efficient Coordinated Recovery of Sparse Channels in Massive MIMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    estimation of large number of channels in massive MIMO systems. Moreover, to avoid pilot contamination University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Moreover, in massive MIMO

  15. U.S. Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    liquid fuels 6 in the world, overtaking Saudi Arabia and Russia. The growth in domestic production has also contributed to a dramatic decline in petroleum imports. The share of...

  16. Written Statement of Peggy Montana, Shell Downstream Quadrennial...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    following facts bear this out: In 2013, the U.S. became the world's top producer of petroleum and natural gas, surpassing Russia and Saudi Arabia. This year, that...

  17. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  18. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan 3 1 4 Kuwait 1 2 3 Lebanon 4 2 6 Libya 2 0 2 Morocco 3 1 4 Oman 0 1 1 Qatar 2 0 2 Saudi Arabia 57

  19. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and otherBotswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilSavings Oil and other non-commodity sources New Mexico State

  20. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    East and beyond. A nuclear-capable Iran would increase pressure on the governments of Egypt, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia to seek their own incipient or realized nuclear weapons. And...

  1. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    , Thailand, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Cyprus, Turkey, Serbia, Iran, and Vietnam-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  2. Predicting porosity in a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir using geologic constraints integrated with 3-D seismic and well data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffery, R.; Thomsen, M. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for predicting lateral changes in reservoir porosity using 3-D seismic Aptitudes, calibrated against the amplitude response versus porosity measured at a select number of wells, was implemented and applied to produce a porosity map of a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir. The technique relies on the uniform lithologic seismic response of an overlying anhydrite, and thus assigns variations in amplitudes at the reservoir level to changes in reservoir average porosity. Throughout the study area, reservoir porosity and acoustic impedance logs exhibit a firm linear relationship. As reservoir porosity increases, its acoustic impedance decreases, and the greater contrast with the overlying anhydrite translates into larger seismic amplitudes. Thus, we expect the reservoir`s relative amplitude response to also increase linearly with increasing porosity. A check on this hypothesis was provided by computing synthetic seismograms at several wells, and measuring the reservoir`s theoretical amplitude response versus porosity averaged over the producing zone within the reservoir. This trend supported a linear seismic amplitude to porosity transform. Upon verification of the technique`s applicability, the reservoirs amplitude response was extracted from the 3-D seismic volume in the vicinity of several wells. These were used in conjunction with porosities averaged ever the reservoir to derive the amplitude to porosity transform. This transform was used in converting the mapped reservoir amplitudes into variations in average porosities. The success ratio for predicting porosities in wells not used in the analysis was nearly perfect, and the map continues to correctly predict porosities in subsequently drilled wells.

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  4. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  5. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

  6. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1983...

  7. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(2) | OPEC(3) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

  9. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    came to realize the importance of Saudi oil for US success at war. These combined factors prompted the President to create the Petroleum Reserve Corporation (PRC) in 1942 to acquire petroleum, petroleum products, and petroleum reserves outside... and production. That same year, Aramco established Gulf Operations Ltd to manage governmental petroleum interests in the Offshore Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Aramcos success and ties to the US did not help to negate the fact that 15...

  10. Efficient Computation of Clipped Voronoi Diagram for Mesh Generation Dong-Ming Yana,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , 54600, Villers les Nancy, France cGeometric Modeling and Scientific Visualization Center, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dMicrosoft Research Asia, Building 2, No. 5 Danling Street, Haidian widely used in various fields, especially in computer graphics and geometry computing. For a set

  11. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    India 56 India 28 Taiwan 20 Canada 12 Saudi Arabia 19 Vietnam 11 Israel 16 Turkey 10 Germany Singapore 6 Ghana 10 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13 Finance 33 81 114 Genetic Counseling 3 2 5 General Studies/Undeclared 251 251 Health Policy / Management 7

  12. http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2007/03/28/wind/print.html To print this page, select "Print" from the File menu of your browser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    than any other power source, say industry experts. Bye-bye, Saudi Arabia. So long, global- warming paralysis. #12;In the United States, wind represents less than 1 percent of all electric power generation, but that's still enough to power 2.9 million homes. The industry is growing fast -- wind-power production

  13. On Reducing the Complexity of Tone-Reservation Based PAPR Reduction Schemes by Compressive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    Eprahim B. Al-Safadi Department of Electrical Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals P Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract--In this paper, we describe contaminated by noise. It is worth mentioning that the objective of this paper is to establish the serious

  14. Two-Step Variance-Adaptive Image Denoising Lahouari Ghouti and Ahmed Bouridane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    on a minimum mean square error estimation (MMSE) procedure. Experimental results, using images contaminated contaminated by noise. Therefore, it is desirable to derive an estimate of the original image through denoising, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Email: ghouti

  15. Changing Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    3 , Izuru Saizen7 1 Water Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 6 Fenner School of Environment & Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 7 Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto

  16. The Real Challenges in Reservoir Simulation The Real Challenges in Reservoir Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    M. Enamul Hossain Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and Natural Gas Exploration and Production Technologies (OGEP 2010) held at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) Campus in Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, December 18-20, 2010. Abstract

  17. FPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aboelaze, Mokhtar

    the weight and power consumption of the satellite. Failure to properly control the satellite can leadFPGA Implementation of a Satellite Attitude Control using Variable Structure Control Mokhtar Dept. of Electrical Engineering Effat University Jeddah Saudi Arabia Abstract-- Satellite control

  18. IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    products and the oil that otherwise would be contacted. This paper pre- sents the resultsIMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond

  19. Characteristics and removal of filter cake formed by formate-based drilling mud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, Mohammed Badri

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Formate-based mud has been used to drill deep gas wells in Saudi Arabia since 2004. This mud typically contains XC-polymer, starch, polyanionic cellulose, and a relatively small amount of calcium carbonate particles, and is used to drill a deep...

  20. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  2. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  3. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 260 (2003) 6069 Magnetic properties of praseodymium ions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekki, Abdelkarim

    of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia b Department acquired at different temperatures have been fitted with a Brillouin function by refining the number of Pr3 (for Pr2O3), Na2CO3 (for Na2O) and SiO2. Calculated amounts of these powders were mixed and melted

  4. Cambridge's Science Magazine produced in association with Saliva's Secrets . Aubrey de Grey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Appetite Control . Biofuels . Science and the Web Hydrogen Economy The Future of Fuel Hydrogen Economy Sun, Sea and Science in Saudi Arabia Insight into Hydrogen Power Sense about Science When Art Meets and science. This issue's Focus gives an excellent overview of hydrogen as a source of energy, not only

  5. Iranian-Israeli tensions: Could war engulf the By JOHN LANTIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    is energy- related, Israel and international inspectors suspect the Iranians are developing nuclear weapons of China and Russia in the region. Elections are due in the U.S., Israel and Iran in the next two years change the entire political equation. Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan would follow - the domino effect

  6. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    - tuosity term in a more robust manner. Core data from major carbonate reservoirs in Saudi Arabia is used Modified KozenyCarmen correlation for enhanced hydraulic flow unit characterization Hasan A. Nooruddin a. (1993) modified that correlation introducing the concept of Reservoir Quality Index (RQI) and Flow Zone

  7. SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard V, John H.

    CHAPTER 9 SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1, Mohamed A. Antar,2 Amy Bilton,1 Julian Blanco,3, Saudi Arabia 3 Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Carretera de Senes s/n, 04200 Tabernas (Almeria), Spain 4 supply infrastructure are inadequate, fossil energy costs may be high whereas solar energy is abundant

  8. A non-destructive method for mapping formation damage M.A. Khan a,*, S.Z. Jilani b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    A non-destructive method for mapping formation damage M.A. Khan a,*, S.Z. Jilani b,c , H. Menouar c , A.A. Al-Majed b,c a Center for Applied Physical Sciences, The Research Institute, King Fahd Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia c Center

  9. Edge-Preserving Wavelet-Based Multisensor Image Fusion Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    is with the Information and Computer Science Department. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261 Department. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Email: ibrahimm@ccse.kfupm.edu.sa Feature extraction plays a major a role in the implementa- tion of feature-level fusion approaches. Prior

  10. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghouti, Lahouari

    Limited 1355-2511 DOI 10.1108/13552510310482398 Experiments on the extraction of blade vibration signature. Abdlsamad King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Keywords Vibration, Condition monitoring, Torsion, Signal processing Abstract This paper presents experimental results that examine

  11. B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems X. Hong1 , S. Iplikci2 S, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Abstract. A new PID tuning and controller of a PID controller together with a correction term. In order to update the control signal, the multi- step

  12. THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON OXIDATION KINETICS OF TAR FROM A TARMAT RESERVOIR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    -Khamsin Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia the optimum solvent slug was injected #12;in portions alternating with hot water. The economics of the process, however, are yet to be evaluated by a field test. It is expected, though, that well-bore heat losses would

  13. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    Sustainable technology Environmental impact Limitations of current technology Date palm a b s t r a c of spill control. This research reviews the limitations and environmental impact of existing cleanup, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 10 December 2011 Received

  14. Aircraft Observations of Sub-cloud Aerosol and Convective Cloud Physical Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axisa, Duncan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focuses on aircraft observational studies of aerosol-cloud interactions in cumulus clouds. The data were collected in the summer of 2004, the spring of 2007 and the mid-winter and spring of 2008 in Texas, central Saudi Arabia...

  15. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  16. CHOI ET AL. VOL. 8 ' NO. 7 ' 74517457 ' 2014 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Chemical Society Supercapacitors of Nanocrystalline Metal?Organic Frameworks Kyung Min Choi,, Hyung Mo 34464, Saudi Arabia E lectrochemical capacitors, also known as supercapacitors, represent an impor- tant such as activated carbon are commercial supercapacitors that operate by storing charge on electrochemical double

  17. Office of the Vice President, Research Simcoe Hall, Room 109, 27 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    Investigator grants from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) for his work. In 2000, Biox Corporation, a U of T spin- off, was formed. Taking technology developed by Chemical Engineering Professor David Boocock, Biox produces biodiesel from waste animal fats, using a process

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior November 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (t/yr) at its 270,000-t/yr Hannibal smelter. A decision by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio/yr smelter in Ras al Khair, Saudi Arabia. Potline instability was cited as the reason for the shutdown least efficient smelters in Russia, citing high costs. The Ural, Volgograd, and Volkhov smelters were

  19. New Approaches for Calculating Safety Parameters and Estimating Hazard Severity for Cumene Hydroperoxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Ching

    to Fire and/or Explosion in the Chemical Process Industries [1-4] Year Location Chemical Event Deaths/injured 1943 Ludigshafen, Germany Butadiene Explosion >100d 1944 Cleveland, OH LNG Fire 128/200~400 1947 Texas ?/>200 1962 Ras Taruna, Saudi Arabia Propane Fire 1/111 1964 Tokyo, Japan MEKPO Fire/Explosion 19

  20. FAIR Forefront Physics and Challenges: Extreme Field Physics with Lasers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China Finland France Germany Greece U KItaly Poland Slovakia Slovenia Spain SwedenRomania Russia Saudi Arabia #12;CrossChecking Conference August 27th #12;13th SAC Seminar "New Perspectives of High Energy Physics Physics: x600 higher target energy density 600kJ/g Nuclear Matter Physics with 35-45 GeV/u HI beams, x1000

  1. A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    A New Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm for Environmental/Economic Power Dispatch M. A. Abido Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia approach and confirms its potential to solve the multiobjectiveEED problem. 1. INTRODUCTION The basic

  2. Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    of oil, gas, and water pipeline infrastructure using wireless sensor networks. #12;IEEE Globecom 2013 UAE (2006): 2,580 Km of gas pipelines 2,950 Km of oil pipelines 156 Km of refined products pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

  3. Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400,Information Administration2 U.S.and Winter Fuels85) December08

  4. Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of Energy Score MaturityofDepartment of1: March3:

  5. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof Energy 1:Petroleum Imports |

  6. Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Site EnvironmentalEnergySafelyVirtual Toolkit SpringImpactsHeat Pumpthe Blue

  7. As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you'reInc.: FederalInter‐stage Pipingthe

  8. As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments from Tarasa U.S.LLC |AquionMr. EdwardArticle 29

  9. Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretaryVideosSpringout by electricSteven Chu as SuccessorProduction

  10. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , domestic burning of crude oil, diesel, and heavy fuel oil is already reducing exportsandstateincome.Fuelconsumptioninpowergenerationwasequivalentto12%of thecountrysoilproductionin2010.Thisfigureisexpectedtoriseto21... 755%ofSaudipowerwasderivedfromliquidfuel?basedgeneration,aswas71%inKuwaitand18%in Oman,where(asinSaudiArabia)dieselgenerationprovideselectricityinareasbeyondtransmissiongrids (IEA2011). 8Unconventionalgas...

  11. Presentation 2.1: Review of global bioenergy scenarios Jack N. Saddler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest Products Biotechnology at UBC Oil Prices and World Events $0 $10 $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 $70 $80 1997 2005 Sources: (1) WorldOil.Com. 2004,2005, 2006. 98 #12;Forest Products Biotechnology at UBC Gasoline Prices April 2006 $0.00 $0.25 $0.50 $0.75 $1.00 $1.25 $1.50 $1.75 $2.00 Venezuela Indonesia Saudi Arabia

  12. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  13. International Affairs International Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    0.1% Ukraine 6 0.4% United Arab Emirates 2 0.1% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Vietnam 23 Colombia Saudi Arabia Canada South Korea Turkey United Kingdom Venezuela 235 182 68 61 52 50 43 41 41 Top.5% South Korea 50 3.4% Turkey 43 2.9% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Trinidad & Tobago 33 2

  14. Energy price changes and the induced revaluation of durable capital in U.S. manufacturing during the OPEC decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When energy prices increased suddenly and unexpectedly in 1973-74 and 1979-80, a portion of the long-lived capital stock in U.S. manufacturing was rendered economically less valuable. In this paper we develop an analytical ...

  15. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartmentLast Ten Years |EnergyPetroleum

  16. Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley,IsabelSarsia

  17. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Pub

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    for petroleum and other liquids can be summarized in four broad categories: the economics of non-OPEC petroleum liquids supply; OPEC investment and production decisions; the...

  18. || Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    ...............................................................................................................................................12 Basis of two OPEC factions and two U.S. policies

  19. Horizontal well applications in complex carbonate reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahman, M.; Al-Awami, H.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past four years, Saudi Aramco has drilled over eighty horizontal wells, onshore and offshore. It has successfully applied this technology to develop new reservoirs as well as enhance recovery from its mature fields. This paper presents the reservoir engineering aspects of `horizontal` and `high angle` wells drilled in a major offshore field in Saudi Arabia. It shows how horizontal wells have (a) increased the recovery of bypassed oil, (b) improved well productivity in tight reservoirs, (c) increased production from thin oil zones underlain by water, and (d) improved peripheral injection. The paper discusses the actual performance of the horizontal wells and compares them with offset conventional wells. It presents the results of logging and testing of these wells, and highlights actual field data on (a) relationship between productivity gain and horizontal length, (b) pressure loss along the horizontal wellbore, and (c) effect of heterogeneity on coning an inflow performance.

  20. Pigmented Bowen's disease of the penis and scrotum in a patient with AIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Raslan, Wasim; Dawamneh, M Fawaz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 (4): 16 Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, SaudiHealth Center Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization,

  1. Sclerotic atrophic plaques associated with a tattoo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Croke, John; Yaar, Mina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 (7): 16 Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, SaudiHealth Center Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization,

  2. Reversing entanglement change by a weak measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qingqing; Al-Amri, M.; Davidovich, Luiz; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 2National Centre for Mathematics and Physics, KACST, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia 3Instituto de F??sica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Received 17 August... to the following map [17]: |0?S |0?E ? |0?S |0?E, (1) |1?S |0?E ? ? 1? p|1?S |0?E +?p|0?S |1?E, where p ? [0,1] is the probability of losing the system excitation into the environment. Within the Weisskopf-Wigner approximation, the probability 1? p...

  3. Adventures in Infectious Diseases

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

  4. Yantai Dongyuan Wind Power Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:Yantai

  5. Management information systems software evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Tunisi, N.; Ghazzawi, A.; Gruyaert, F.; Clarke, D. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Process and Control Systems Dept.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In November 1993, Saudi Aramco management endorsed a proposal to coordinate the development of the Management Information Systems (MISs) of four concurrent projects for its facilities Controls Modernization Program. The affected projects were the Ras Tanura Refinery Upgrade Project, the Abqaiq Plant Controls Modernization and the Shedgum and Uthmaniyah Gas plants Control Upgrade Projects. All of these projects had a significant requirement of MISs in their scope. Under the leadership of the Process and Control Systems Department, and MIS Coordination Team was formed with representatives of several departments. An MIS Applications Evaluation procedure was developed based on the Kepner Tregoe Decisions Analysis Process and general questionnaires were sent to over a hundred potential Vendors. The applications were divided into several categories, such as: Data Capture and Historization, Human User Interface, Trending, Reporting, Graphic Displays, Data Reconciliation, Statistical Analysis, Expert Systems, Maintenance Applications, Document Management and Operations Planning and Scheduling. For each of the MIS Application areas, detailed follow-up questionnaires were used to short list the candidate products. In May and June 1994, selected Vendors were invited to Saudi Arabia for an Exhibition which was open to all Saudi Aramco employees. In conjunction with this, the Vendors were subjected to a rigorous product testing exercise by independent teams of testers. The paper will describe the methods used and the lessons learned in this extensive software evaluation phase, which was a first for Saudi Aramco.

  6. arabia senegal sudan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as identification of the dominating microflora in water samples. Samples were taken monthly from different places in Khartoum State and Wadmedani district, Sudan. These samples...

  7. arabia region mars: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

  8. arabia terra mars: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

  9. arabia environmental legacy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    17 WEEK 12 (1112) None Paper 2 Peer Reviews (in class) Environmental Issues (1114) Fracking (Movie Spirtes, Peter 464 SUSTAINABILITY Environmental, Cultural, Environmental...

  10. arabia terra implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    landfill waste slide, a 300,000 cubic yard landfill failure involving a geosynthetic clay liner, and a 100Landfill Instability and Its Implications for Operation, Construction,...

  11. SCADA computer sytem controls major Saudi Aramco crude oil pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.; Al-Habib, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A replacement Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) computer system which monitors and controls two 1,100 kilometer pipelines and eleven associated pump stations is described. The SCADA system was designed to meet two objectives: (1) decentralize the overall control system and provide a distributed control system capable of regulatory control at each pump and pressure reducing station, and (2) provide system wide monitoring and supervisory control function during normal operations at the crude oil terminal. The SCADA computer system hardware (host computers and consoles), software modules, and applications are overviewed. A data flow diagram and a hardware configuration diagram are provided. 3 figs.

  12. alriyadh region saudi: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    encompasses a variety of offenses, including but not limited to the murder of police officers acting under an official capacity and murders accompanied by the...

  13. adult saudi patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adult psychiatric patients. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Background: Knowledge about attention-deficithyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum...

  14. Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show

  15. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  16. Cementing at High Pressure Zones in KSA Discovering Mystery behind Pipe Abdulla Faleh Al-Dossary, Abdulaziz Al-Majed, M. Enamul Hossain and Muhammad Kalimur Rahman, King Fahd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    & Minerals, Scott Jennings SPE, Saudi Aramco, and Riyadh Bargawi SPE, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2011, Society

  17. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is how responsive the demand of oil from OPEC in the oil-caused the import demand of oil from OPECcoun- tries toincrease in global demand for crude oil from 2000 to 2008,

  18. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crudein predicting quarterly real oil price change. variable real

  19. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

  20. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  1. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day Forecast -0.9 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2013 -1...

  2. Structural Change, Impacts and Opportunities For Concrete Pavement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formed Asia (excluding Japan) = 20% world Oil Demand OPEC Induced Energy Crisis New Reality: Emphasis on LDC's & Demand Side Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side #12;Asphalt &Oil Price Correlation (excluding Japan) = 20% world Oil Demand Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side New Reality: Emphasis

  3. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone

  4. Resource Limits and Conversion Efficiency with Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croft, Gregory Donald

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of technical papers by Saudi Aramco personnel. Most of thesedate of yearend 2011 Saudi Aramco cancels Manifa Contract [Publishing, Tulsa OK Saudi Aramco cancels Manifa Contract,

  5. How the world's largest seawater injection system was designed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, J.B.; Jorque, M.A.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world's largest seawater injection system went on stream in Saudi Arabia in June 1978 to furnish 4.2 million bpd of water for pressure maintenance in the Uthmaniyah sector of the giant Ghawar Field. The operator, Aramco, first began water injection along the flanks in this field in 1966 using gravity injection wells. This gravity system gave way to a pressurized system under a program started in 1973. During this period, the primary source for injection was saline water from the Wasia Aquifer in the Uthmaniyah area. In 1974 it was determined that this aquifer could not supply the design requirement of 4.2 million bpd of saline water. Therefore, it was decided to convert the injection system to seawater obtained from the Arabian Gulf. This required the design and construction of a seawater treating plant and installation of pipelines and intermediate pump stations to transport the water from the treating plant to the existing Uthmaniyah Water Supply Station.

  6. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  7. Ashland puts emphasis on higher technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reported that Ashland will be switching away from commodity-type petroleum projects, such as gasoline, and toward high-technology items, such as synthetic fuels, lubricants and speciality petrochemicals. New projects involved in the shift toward higher technology include a 5,000 bbl/day lubricating-oil plant at Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, the startup of the big new ethanol plant at South Point, Ohio, and the proposed $260 million acquisition of U.S. Filter. Ashland plans to sell some of the ethanol to be produced in the 3,500 bbl/day corn-based plant in Ohio, but will use the ethanol as an octane-boosting component in premium unleaded gasoline.

  8. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  9. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  10. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  11. Global Optimization of Chemical Reactors and Kinetic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALHUSSEINI, ZAYNA ISHAQ

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MA Lab Scientist Saudi Aramco R&D Center Dhahran, SaudiCTS-0829211, and Saudi Aramco Oil Company R&D is gratefullylife. I acknowledge Saudi Aramco for the financial support.

  12. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,

  13. APPENDIX A: ACTIONS OF THE OCTOBER 15, 2012, MEETING OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    ., a subsidiary of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler

  14. Amyloidosis cutis dyschromia: a rare form of primary cutaneous amyloidosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Shahab, Rana K

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Online Journal 20 (4): 5 Saudi Aramco Medical ServicesA Al-Dawsari Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization

  15. Cover Requirement and Stability of Horizontally Bent Buried Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Shayea, Naser Abdul-Rahman

    for the flexural behavior of the pipe bent. Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), which is the biggest oil

  16. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  17. Activated carbon cleanup of the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Bushkuhl, S.J. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the details of a recently developed novel process using activated carbon to remove hydrocarbon contaminants from the acid gas feed to Claus sulfur recovery units. Heavy hydrocarbons, particularly benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) have been linked to coke formation and catalyst deactivation in Claus converters. This deactivation results in reduced sulfur recovery and increased sulfur emissions from these plants. This effect is especially evident in split flow Claus plants which bypass some of the acid gas feed stream around the initial combustion step because of a low hydrogen sulfide concentration. This new clean-up process was proven to be capable of removing 95% of the BTX and other C{sub 6}{sup +} hydrocarbons from acid gas over a wide range of actual plant conditions. Following the adsorption step, the activated carbon was easily regenerated using low pressure steam. A post regeneration drying step using plant fuel gas also proved beneficial. This technology was extensively pilot tested in Saudi Aramco`s facilities in Saudi Arabia. Full scale commercial units are planned for two plants in the near future with the first coming on-line in 1997. The process described here represents the first application of activated carbon in this service, and a patent has been applied for. The paper will discuss the pilot plant results and the issues involved in scale-up to commercial size.

  18. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. (Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  19. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphasis is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  20. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  1. In search of a direction in the contemporary architecture of Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sikander I

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a new breed of contemporary buildings evolving in the Middle East that incorporates all the pragmatic functions of the 20th century, but, at the same time, attempts to capture the spirit of the indigenous architecture ...

  2. Early Mars hydrology: Meridiani playa deposits and the sedimentary record of Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.

    The Meridiani Planum region of Mars has been identified as a region of past aqueous activity by a combination of orbital and in situ observations that revealed evidence for sulfate-rich dirty evaporites formed in a playa ...

  3. Paleocene and Lower Eocene Ostracoda from the Umm er Radhuma Formation of Suadi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    53'24" E. to lat 27 0 59' N., long 452748" E.). The rate of deposition was greater to the north of the reference sec- tion, shown by the thickness in Safaniya W-3. The upper contact of the Umm er Rad- 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological... ContributionsPaper 107 Table 1. Thicknesses (in feet) of the Umm er Radhuma Formation based on Well Measurements. Well Lat. Long. Thick-ness ST-23 2336' 5117' 1,105 S-I132 2344' 4853' 1,130 G. Uthmaniyah VV-4 25113' 4900' 880 S-710 VVVV 2513' 4821' 680...

  4. arabia al-khobar abha: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http:globalfracking.blogspot.com 2. Middle East and North African Oil http:...

  5. Incorporating stakeholders' perspectives into models of new technology diffusion: The case of fuel-cell vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collantes, Gustavo O

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sustained increases in oil demand from growing economies.increasing global demand for oil and changing consumerdemand, and the OPEC may exercise its power to affect oil

  6. Highlights

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of product dominated world oil markets. Opening the year, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) initiated a new program of production quotas that...

  7. Highlights

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    decreased draws on crude oil stocks, which in turn affected prices. Plentiful wellhead production, particularly in Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations,...

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices across international mar- kets. In response to the situation, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) voted to raise the group's production quotas by 1.5...

  9. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    man Alan Greenspan, and concern about compliance by participants to an Organization of Petroleum Ex- porting Countries (OPEC)-sponsored production cut agreements contributed to...

  10. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPEC Net Export Revenues West Texas Intermediate Price Inand coordinate members West Texas Intermediate Price ($/Oil-Export Revenues and West Texas Intermediate Price, 1975

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule RFS Renewable Fuels Standard EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration RPS...

  12. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries EIA U.S. Energy...

  13. TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2. PAD District II-Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a (Thousand Barrels) January-July 2004 Arab OPEC ......

  14. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Food and Agriculture - Biofuels: Prospects, risks andand D. Zilberman. Are Biofuels the Culprit: OPEC, Food, andmodel. In Symposium on Biofuels in Developing Countries:

  15. The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimah, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

  16. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    develop stable fiscal policies and investment regimes that encourage resource development. OPEC nations increase production, achieving approximately a 46-percent market...

  17. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions...

  18. World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

  19. MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SAUDI UNIVERSITY'S LEARNERS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makrami, Barakat Humoud

    2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    , and 12 weeks later, they took the post-test of the same items, which had been scrambled into a different order. The results were as follows: there were no within-subject significant changes in motivation, attitude, and anxiety at the time of the post-test...

  20. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  1. The type of calligraphy : writing, print, and technologies of the Arabic alphabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, J. R. (Wayne)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Beholder. Saudi Aramco World, May/June 1990: 10-5.Facing the future. Saudi Aramco World, March/April 1981.Art of Printing. Saudi Aramco World, March/April 1981: 20-

  2. Country Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

  3. JEFFREY D. SACHS Harvard University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to hold only in the short run, and they disappear a few years after the 1973 oil price increase. Moreover in the exchange rate? Answers to the first question have tended to focus on OPEC price increases and sur- pluses on the effects of OPEC price increases on macroeconomic adjustment in the world economy, in collaboration

  4. WORKING PAPER N 2013 11 The Grey Paradox: How Oil Owners Can Benefit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Fossil Fuels, GlobalWarming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD, Fossil Fuels, Global Warming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC. JEL Classication: H21, H23, Q31, Q38, Q41, Q of fossil-fuel owners de- pends on the characteristics of their fossil fuels (recoverable reserves

  5. World Oil: Market or Mayhem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is peak oil a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2013 2014 2015 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC World Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production Growth...

  7. GEOBULLETIN DEcEmBEr 9Th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Jacobson, IOWA State (Host: Goodwin) JOB OPENINGS: Saudi Aramco's Exploration and Producing Advanced , 2011 - 3 - JOB OPENINGS: Saudi Aramco's Exploration and Producing Advanced Research Center (EXPEC ARC

  8. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

  9. 1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    /biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion 3 S. A. Guazzotti,1 D. T. Suess,1,2 K. R. Coffee,1,3 P. K. Quinn,4 T. S with potassium 17 (indicative of combustion sources), and mass concentration of submicrometer non-sea- 18 salt Peninsula, where dominance of fossil fuel combustion is suggested by 30 results from single

  10. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  11. U.S. energy flow -- 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

  12. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  13. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  14. HYDROPHOBIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPOSITE INSULATORS IN SIMULATED INLAND ARID DESERT ENVIRONMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, Yasin; Al-Arainy, Abdulrehman Ali; Malik, Nazar Hussain; Qureshi, Muhammad Iqbal [Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presently along with traditional insulators i.e. glass and porcelain, etc., the polymeric insulators are also used world widely. These polymeric insulators are very sensitive to various environmental parameters e.g. UV radiations, heat, etc. The UV radiation level in the central region of Saudi Arabia is high as compared to the recommended IEC-61109 standard for the accelerated aging of the composite insulators. In this study, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) and Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) insulators were subjected to accelerated aging stress as per IEC standard as well as modified IEC standard simulating the inland arid desert's atmospheric conditions. The hydrophobic characteristics were studied by measuring the contact angle along the insulator surface before and after the accelerated aging of the samples. It was found that TPE loses its hydrophobic properties more as compared to EPDM insulator. This loss was proportional to the intensity of UV irradiation. The rate of recovery is also low for both the tested materials as compared to Silicone Rubber insulators.

  15. Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Mineral Dust Particles from Different Dust Source Regions: The Importance of Particle Mineralogy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.; Cowin, James P.; Laskin, Alexander

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The heterogeneous chemistry of individual dust particles from four different dust source regions is investigated on a particle-by-particle basis using state-of-the-art scanning electron microscopy techniques including computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy/computer-controlled X-ray analysis (CCSEM/EDX). Morphology and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid are observed. Clear differences in the reactivity of mineral dusts from these four different dust regions with nitric acid could be observed. Mineral dust from source regions containing high levels of calcium, such as those found in parts of China and Saudi Arabia, are found to react to the greatest extent. Calcium containing minerals, such as calcite (CaCO3) and dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), react to form nitrate salt whereas other calcium containing minerals such as gypsum (CaSO4?2H2O) do not react. The importance of particle chemical composition and mineralogy in the heterogeneous chemistry of mineral dust aerosols is definitively borne out in this study of individual dust particles.

  16. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  17. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  18. UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON CULLEN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glowinski, Roland

    Hughes, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, CNLC, ExxonMobil, Halliburton, Pathfinder, Saudi Aramco, Statoil, Schlumberger

  19. Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Operating Company Ltd, Hamworthy Technology & Products AS, Petrobras, Saudi Aramco, Shell Technology Norway

  20. Co-op Students, 2006-2007 Signing Bonus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    on campus; unless specified, employer hired one Raytheon SAIC Sanford C. Bernstein Saudi Aramco Oil Co

  1. Constant Asphaltene Molecular and Nanoaggregate Mass in a Gravitationally Segregated Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94350, United States Saudi Aramco

  2. Spring 2013 Research Meeting of TCCS List of Attendees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Shen Saudi Aramco David Wang Schlumberger Richard Coates Garret Flagg Paul Fowler Evren Yarman Statoil

  3. GVB RP: A Reliable MCSCF Wave Function for Large Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    DURIP; BP Chemical; ARO; Exxon; Seiko-Epson; Owens Corning; Asahi Chemical, Saudi Aramco; Beckman Institute

  4. Krauklis Wave: Half a Century After V. Korneev (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), G. Goloshubin (University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A.

    . Goloshubin (University of Houston), B. Kashtan (St. Petersburg State University), A. Bakulin (Saudi Aramco

  5. An efficient method for optimal design of large-scale integrated chemical production sites with endogenous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    networks. The joint venture between Saudi Aramco and the Dow Chemical Company to construct and operate

  6. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  7. The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Alayafi, Dr. Ahamed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Faisal Abdulrahman Alshehri, Maj. Saeed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mr. Hatem Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Nasser Ali Alshehri, Mr. Ahamed Ibrahim Alshehri, Mr. Salem Ibrahim Alshehri, Ms. Fatimah...

  8. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    It was at this point that OPEC set in motion its price band mechanism. This price control plan involves monitoring a 20-day aver- age of seven key crude oil streams. If the...

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of 2011. Figure DataThe AEO2011 Reference case also includes signifi cant long-term potential for supply from non-OPEC producers. In several resource-rich regions (including...

  10. Microsoft Word - Test4.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    that several OPEC members had agreed to production quotas. West Texas crude oil prices did display some price volatility early in the week before closing at 16.80 per...

  11. Quantifying the causes of the global food commodity price crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, G; Rajagopal, D; Timilsina, G; Zilberman, D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D, Zilberman D. Are biofuels the culprit: OPEC, food, and2008. [10] Rosegrant M. Biofuels and grain prices: impactsMeeting the mandate for biofuels: implications for land use,

  12. TABLE39.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9. PAD Districts IV and V-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a PAD District V PAD District IV July 2004 Non OPEC ......

  13. TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8. PAD District III-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a July 2004 Arab OPEC ... 59,350 2,586 584 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  14. Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Weimer, D.L. (1984) Oil prices shock, market response,OPEC behavior and world oil prices (pp. 175-185) London:many decades. Recent high oil prices have caused oil-holding

  15. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, Crude Oil Production. Figure 16. U.S.

  16. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produce 42% of the crude-oil production. The organizationfuel prices and crude-oil production but increase overallcrude oil during the same period. Although prices more than qua- drupled, OPEC production

  17. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Non-OPEC*** 3,407 ***includes but not limited to Angola, Colombia, Russia, China, Norway and United Kingdom. 175.60 billion barrels U.S. PADD V 4.85 billion barrels U.S. PADD...

  18. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC ... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ... 3,980 424 0 0 13...

  19. The outlook for US oil dependence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Jones, D.W.; Leiby, P.N.

    1995-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Market share OPEC lost in defending higher prices from 1979-1985 is being steadily regained and is projected to exceed 50% by 2000. World oil markets are likely to be as vulnerable to monopoly influence as they were 20 years ago, as OPEC regains lost market share. The U.S. economy appears to be as exposed as it was in the early 1970s to losses from monopoly oil pricing. A simulated 2-year supply reduction in 2005-6 boosts OPEC revenues by roughly half a trillion dollars and costs the U.S. economy an approximately equal amount. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve appears to be of little benefit against such a determined, multi-year supply curtailment either in reducing OPEC revenues or protecting the U.S. economy. Increasing the price elasticity of oil demand and supply in the U.S. and the rest of the world, however, would be an effective strategy.

  20. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per barrel from the previous Friday at 30.25 per barrel, or 5.22 per MMBtu, despite the development of more uncertainty surrounding the outcome of the June 21 OPEC ministerial...

  1. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from oil produc- tion and domestic consumption. Using dataoil revenues due to the introduction of biofuels by increasing domestic fuel consumptionon Gasoline Consumption OPEC U.S. cents per liter All Oil-

  2. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per liter equals the retail price of gasoline in the Unitedgasoline prices in non-OPEC countries were 1.04 USD per liter, including an average base retail price

  3. Who Are the Major Players Supplying the World Oil Market?

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy in Brief article on the world supply of oil through ownership of national oil companies and, for some governments, their membership in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

  4. Origin of Lower Cretaceous (`Nubian') sandstones of North-east Africa and Arabia from detrital zircon U-Pb SHRIMP dating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dov, Avigad

    as widespread sandstone sheets, typically are mineralogically and texturally mature. Previous petrographic contain aerially extensive siliciclastic rock units typically dominated by quartz-rich sandstone older sources (Kolodner et al., 2006). Petrogra- phical examination and detrital zircon geochro- nology

  5. Mapping Metageographies: The Cartographic Invention of Italy and the Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    della Dora, Veronica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, they invaded Egypt. However, when the EmperorsArmenia, Assyria, Arabia and Egypt have come under Roman

  6. 1. Introduction Obtaining valid reservoir fluid samples is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    Newsletter of the Well Testing Unit, Dhahran SAUDI ARAMCO #12;concentrations of reactive components Phase Be- haviour Unit (HPBU) at Saudi Aramco's R&D Centre has involved: research studies on bottom hole

  7. Performance prediction using geostatistics and window reservoir simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fontanilla, J.P.; Al-Khalawi, A.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Johnson, S.G.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is the first window model study in the northern area of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia. It describes window reservoir simulation with geostatistics to model uneven water encroachment in the southwest producing area of the northern portion of the reservoir. In addition, this paper describes performance predictions that investigate the sweep efficiency of the current peripheral waterflood. A 50 x 50 x 549 (240 m. x 260 m. x 0.15 m. average grid block size) geological model was constructed with geostatistics software. Conditional simulation was used to obtain spatial distributions of porosity and volume of dolomite. Core data transforms were used to obtain horizontal and vertical permeability distributions. Simple averaging techniques were used to convert the 549-layer geological model to a 50 x 50 x 10 (240 m. x 260 m. x 8 m. average grid block size) window reservoir simulation model. Flux injectors and flux producers were assigned to the outermost grid blocks. Historical boundary flux rates were obtained from a coarsely-ridded full-field model. Pressure distribution, water cuts, GORs, and recent flowmeter data were history matched. Permeability correction factors and numerous parameter adjustments were required to obtain the final history match. The permeability correction factors were based on pressure transient permeability-thickness analyses. The prediction phase of the study evaluated the effects of infill drilling, the use of artificial lifts, workovers, horizontal wells, producing rate constraints, and tight zone development to formulate depletion strategies for the development of this area. The window model will also be used to investigate day-to-day reservoir management problems in this area.

  8. Characterization and significance of a stylolitic fracture system determined from horizontal core and borehole imaging data, Hanifa Reservoir, Abqaiq Field (SA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Wiltse, E. [Schlumberger, Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field, eastern Saudi Arabia, consists of microporous (up to 30% porosity) lime mudstones with low matrix permeability (< 10 md). SEM imagery reveals a crystal framework texture of micro-rhombic calcite crystals with 2-5 {mu}m-sized intercrystalline pore spaces. Fluid transmissibility was preliminarily identified as via fractures as indicated by no stratigraphic predictability to fluid flow, high flow over thin stratigraphic intervals, little relationship between high flow and high porosity intervals, large disparity between core Kh and well-test Kh, and observation offractures in cores and borehole imaging logs front horizontal Hanifa wells. Integration of descriptions from over 4000 fractures observed in borehole images together with descriptions of over 500 fractures identified from vertica1 and horizontal cores has resulted in further characterization of the fracture system. The fractures are open to partially-open, with an east-to northeast orientation, and they cluster in low porosity zones which are characterized by intense stylolitization. These sub-parallel, nearly vertical, discontinuous fractures terminate at stylolites, or pinchout locally into tight carbonate matrix, and contain appreciable amounts of dead oil and calcite cement. In zones of particularly intense stylolitization, fracturing may be locally pervasive, giving the rock a brecciated appearance. Together, the stylolites and stylolite-related fractures form the primary permeability system ofthe Hanifa reservoir. This fracture system architecture is critical to understanding the production characteristics of the reservoir, which include anomalously high fluid flow in low porosity zones or transition zones between high and low porosity, radial flow behavior from well tests, smaller than expected differences in well productivity between vertical and horizontal wells, and limited injection water breakthrough.

  9. Polycrystalline thin-film technology: Recent progress in photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, R.L.; Zweibel, K.; Ullal, H.S.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycrystalline thin films have made significant technical progress in the past year. Three of these materials that have been studied extensively for photovoltaic (PV) power applications are copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and thin-film polycrystalline silicon (x-Si) deposited on ceramic substrates. The first of these materials, polycrystalline thin-film CuInSe{sub 2}, has made some rapid advances in terms of high efficiency and long-term reliability. For CuInSe{sub 2} power modules, a world record has been reported on a 0.4-m{sup 2} module with an aperture-area efficiency of 10.4% and a power output of 40.4 W. Additionally, outdoor reliability testing of CuInSe{sub 2} modules, under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, has resulted in only minor changes in module performance after more than 1000 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. CdTe module research has also resulted in several recent improvements. Module performance has been increased with device areas reaching nearly 900 cm{sup 2}. Deposition has been demonstrated by several different techniques, including electrodeposition, spraying, and screen printing. Outdoor reliability testing of CdTe modules was also carried out under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, with more than 600 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. These tests were also encouraging and indicated that the modules were stable within measurement error. The highest reported aperture-area module efficiency for CdTe modules is 10%; the semiconductor material was deposited by electrodeposition. A thin-film CdTe photovoltaic system with a power output of 54 W has been deployed in Saudi Arabia for water pumping. The Module Development Initiative has made significant progress in support of the Polycrystalline Thin-Film Program in the past year, and results are presented in this paper.

  10. Mohammed Awad Al-Juaied The Dissertation Committee for Mohammed Awad Al-Juaied Certifies that this is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochelle, Gary T.

    for such professors. I would also like to acknowledge Saudi Aramco who financially supported me during my four years

  11. SPE-SAS-321 Estimating Layers Deliverability in Multi-Layered Gas Reservoirs Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    Intelligence Alarfaj, M. K., Saudi Aramco; Abdulraheem, A., KFUPM; Al-Majed, A.; KFUPM; Hossain, E., KFUPM

  12. Fall 2013 Research Meeting of TCCS List of Attendees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    ConocoPhillips Feng Chen ExxonMobil William Burnett Tom Dickens Saudi Aramco Michael Jervis Panos Kelamis

  13. Spring 2014 Research Meeting of TCCS List of Attendees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    William Burnett Young Ho Cha Yaofeng He Charlie Jing Jonathan Liu Jaewoo Park Haiyong Quan Saudi Aramco

  14. Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 INTERPRETATION OF FREQUENCY-DEPENDENT DUAL-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdn, Carlos

    -Dossari, and Abdullah Al-Towijri, Saudi Aramco; Haluk Ersoz, Halliburton Copyright 2007, held jointly by the Society

  15. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE December 18, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    faculty. In addition, Brody has been invited to make a presentation to top management at Saudi Aramco

  16. egi.utah.edu | EGI ... the science to find energy EGIDirector@egi.utah.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Santos Saudi Aramco Seneca Resources Shell SK E&P Southwestern Statoil Talisman Total Tullow Oil White

  17. On a two-level parallel MIC(0) preconditioning of Crouzeix-Raviart non-conforming FEM systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazarov, Raytcho

    by the National Science Foundation under grant DMS 9973328 and by the gift-grant by Saudi Aramco Oil Co

  18. Paper Preview Paper Number 63180-MS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Preconditioning Authors M.A. Aggour, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; M.A. Al-Muhareb, Saudi Aramco

  19. Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Gahtani, Husain Jubran

    -based meshless method for large deflection of thin plates Mahmoud Naffaa , Husain J. Al-Gahtanib, a Saudi Aramco

  20. Peter O'Neill Peter O'Neill, an independent consultant and senior instructor with ESI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    worldwide. In the past few years he has worked on in-company programmes with Saudi Aramco, Shell, King

  1. Numerical study of the performance of preconditioners based on algebraic multigrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazarov, Raytcho

    ; This research has been supported by Saudi Aramco Oil Company through a gift grant to the Institute of Scientific

  2. Follow Up for Emergency Department Patients After Intravenous Contrast and Risk of Nephropathy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. J Am Collfollowing percutaneous coronary intervention. Saudi J Kidneyafter percutaneous coronary intervention: development and

  3. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN March 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    to announce a new partnership with global petroleum and chemicals enterprise, Saudi Aramco, which is principal sponsor of the May Festival. "Saudi Aramco is delighted to be working with the University of Aberdeen Aldabal, Managing Director of Aramco Overseas Company. "Saudi Aramco will also take this opportunity

  4. Faith Guides for Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2005 (formerly PRS-LTSN) Picture permissions: Page 5: Qur'anic Calligraphy Aftab Ahmad/Saudi Aramco World/PADIA. Page 7: The Hajj, Mecca S.M. Amin/Saudi Aramco World/PADIA. Page 9: A stained-glass window by Simon Tretheway Lydia Sharman Male/Saudi Aramco World/PADIA. Page 11: Illuminated Ottoman Qur

  5. Measuring Compensation from Credit Reporting Damage: A Comparison of Islamic, Saudi, and American Law in Light of Credit Information Reporting Acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alhaidary, Mansour

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Breaches ..... 120 Sub-Chapter C: Breaches under Islamic Law .... 163 Fifth Chapter: Damage ...... 173 Sixth Chapter: Burden of Proof and Causation ......... 183 Seventh Chapter....3. Terms Definitions ... 40 2.3.1. Definition of Credit Information .. 40 2.3.2. Definition of a Credit Report .... 40 2.3.2.1. Credit Report Criteria Under the CIL .. 41 2.3.2.2. Credit Report...

  6. What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    to demand and supply reactions. "The Coal Age didn't end because producers ran out of coal !!" OIL PRICE VS1 What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith Cary M. Maguire Chair in Oil & Gas Management Critical Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40

  7. BOOK REVIEW: To appear in Middle East Journal (MEJ) Summer 2010 International Relations of the Persian Gulf,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    's suddenly pumping far above its OPEC quota, killing the price of oil as Iraq's massive war debt was coming-war relationship with Saddam, its new anti-Iran ally. "What drove American policy for most of the period under study was the US interest in the Persian Gulf oil." [p. 12] Yet, in US decisions to engage in armed

  8. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for gasoline, diesel and other petroleum products. This chapter provides an overview of world oil trends agreements on export routes have limited development. Petroleum production in the United States, including half of petroleum supplies to the United States. OPEC petroleum production also increased in 1994

  9. The issue of 'Adverse Effects and the Impacts of Response Measures' in UNFCCC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    of emission reduction activities on energy exporting countries. In negotiations the Organisation of Petroleum. This paper explores the political, economic and legal dimensions of this interlocked adverse effects to the impacts of climate change. This suggests that tacit G77-China support for OPEC's position may therefore

  10. Thomas W. O'Donnell, Ph.D. Biographical Sketch Dr. Thomas W. O'Donnell is an expert in the political economy and geopolitics of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    in the political economy and geopolitics of the global energy sector, especially petroleum. He writes and speaks, and on the energy geopolitics of the U.S., China, and EU. Dr. O'Donnell is part-time Faculty at The New School widely on OPEC and other energy-producing states of Latin America and of the Middle East

  11. 1 Executive Summary EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are contained in OPEC countries. The long-term demand forecasts of the International Energy Agency (IEA) suggest in China, which exceeds the current rate of production. If demand grows faster than produc- tion capacity that oil prices have been volatile as a result of a variety of geo-political events, especially those

  12. The Global Economy and Changes in the Determinants of Cross-National Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa M.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    economic changes,stemming from the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the OPEC oil crisis in 1973 and 1974, occurred in the global economy. Data from two cohorts of countries are used to test these theories. The first cohort contains thirty...

  13. A methodology for assessing the market benefits of alternative motor fuels: The Alternative Fuels Trade Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leiby, P.N.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a modeling methodology for examining the prospective economic benefits of displacing motor gasoline use by alternative fuels. The approach is based on the Alternative Fuels Trade Model (AFTM). AFTM development was undertaken by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a longer term study of alternative fuels issues. The AFTM is intended to assist with evaluating how alternative fuels may be promoted effectively, and what the consequences of substantial alternative fuels use might be. Such an evaluation of policies and consequences of an alternative fuels program is being undertaken by DOE as required by Section 502(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Interest in alternative fuels is based on the prospective economic, environmental and energy security benefits from the substitution of these fuels for conventional transportation fuels. The transportation sector is heavily dependent on oil. Increased oil use implies increased petroleum imports, with much of the increase coming from OPEC countries. Conversely, displacement of gasoline has the potential to reduce US petroleum imports, thereby reducing reliance on OPEC oil and possibly weakening OPEC`s ability to extract monopoly profits. The magnitude of US petroleum import reduction, the attendant fuel price changes, and the resulting US benefits, depend upon the nature of oil-gas substitution and the supply and demand behavior of other world regions. The methodology applies an integrated model of fuel market interactions to characterize these effects.

  14. www.electricitypolicy.org.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    weakly sensitive to fluctuations in uranium market prices. This is in complete contrast to natural gas years. As a consequence of the nature of the economic risks, operational nuclear power plants are more weapons The availability of major reserves of non-OPEC oil and natural gas The development of highly

  15. 73-428/19-624 The Transformation of Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    . Why are markets for oil and natural gas considered to be "well-functioning," while electricity markets will consider markets for, and the technological idiosyncrasies of, petroleum, natural gas, and electricity and natural gas, the rise and fall of OPEC, power systems engineering and economics, and the special problems

  16. Cellulose and Biomass Conversion Technology and Its Application to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    have risen markedly over the last few years.' Because OPEC con- trols about 75% of tbe world's oil re-carbon sugar that has historically been more difficult to con- 68 FUEL REFORMULATION vert into useful products,700 million dry tons of cellulosic biomass per year at prices from $20-70 per dry ton." 10 This quantity

  17. Monetary compensations in climate policy through the lens of a general equilibrium assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    and the Organization of the Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC) that these concerns have been officially acknowledged transfers raise questions about both their amount and their efficiency for sustaining economic activity. The first question relates to the evaluation of climate policy losses in oil-exporting countries, which

  18. Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented herein is the history of 'Energy Conservation at the Westinghouse R&D Center' from the time of the OPEC crisis to the present and forecasts of our intended programs for the next few years. The energy and fuel saved from 1973 to 1977...

  19. Contaminants in Naturally Ventilated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    ? 1973 OPEC Oil Crisis 1970s/80s - Sick Building Syndrome Bad planning = Many good ideas died 2007 - Can main motivation)- particularly for low energy ones! #12;Low Energy Buildings - Who Cares? + + = Buildings account for 48% of all energy used #12;Who cares some more? + = Buildings account for more than 50

  20. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  1. UNIVERSITE DE NICE-SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS -UFR Sciences Ecole Doctorale de Sciences Fondamentales et Appliquees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , Shell, Statoil, Saudi Aramco et Total. Je remercie Herve Chauris et Satish Singh d'avoir accepte d

  2. Date OCE Title Presenter / Sponsoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    6:30PM7:30PM ESB G102 6 1/27/12 Saudi Aramco's Upstream Professional Development Program Development

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  4. Impact of EGR on Soot Nanostructure and Reactivity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Pennsylvania State University Sponsors: National Science Foundation National Energy Technology Laboratory Saudi Ministry of Education Background z Vander Wal et al. published...

  5. New policy imperatives for energy producers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R.; El Mallakh, D.H. (eds.)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conferences sponsored by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development are organized toward increasing the understanding of the multifaceted problems in energy - economic, technical, and political - that confront not just the consuming industrial powers but the developing OPEC and non-OPEC producers and, in particular, the Third World countries whose plight is extreme. All types were represented at this 6th conference, and the 21 papers mirror the diversity of ideas and, at the same time, the very real areas where cooperation and coordination are clearly both possible and desirable. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); one abstract was selected for Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

  6. The bears come out for summer: A world awash in oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this issue, Energy Detente examines near term oil price and supply prospects. World oil prices have plunged over the last eight weeks to their lowest levels since 1991. This can be attributed to low world oil demand and bearish speculation on world oil markets that the on-again off-again oil export negotiations between Iraq and the United Nations may result in limited amounts of Iraqi crude being added to already swollen oil supplies. To recessionary economics in consuming countries, trends to raise taxes and reduce fuel price subsidies in many countries, and rising costs of environmental protection, producers also scrutinize a concerned Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC's reactive potentials are heightened in a period of such market uncertainities.

  7. How One Utility is Building Industrial Consumer Relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, D. E.

    HOW ONE UT1~ITY IS BUILDING INDUSTRIAL CONSUMER RELATIONSHIPS DONALD E. HAMILTON Manager-Industrial Services and Cogeneration Gulf States Utilities Company Beaumont, Texas COMPETITION AND THE UTILITY INDUSTRY The refining and petrochemical... in the eighties: depletion of old low cost oil and gas fields within the United States, the formation of OPEC, a run-up in oil and gas prices, leveling of demand in the petrochemical industry, the transfer of substantial wealth from industrial to oil...

  8. Impact of United States international wheat policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Dean

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; and the OPEC grouP. Developed importers consist of centrally planned and non-centrally planned countries. With the exception of Argentina, all major exporters are developed na t ious. Each of these world economic sectors has a different idea of what... with the poorer developing countries, however, this group has a rapidly growing population. Consequently, they are looking for sure supplies that can meet this expanding need -- again, at low, stable prices. Although Argentina currently supplies Latin America...

  9. World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both "above ground" and "below ground" factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. The Energy Information Administration will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

  10. This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Conquering the Sahara and Arabian deserts of the biota of North Africa and Arabia is inextricably tied to the complex geological and climatic evolution

  11. SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor S ir Julian Horn-Smith, aged 62, was one of the founding (Telecoms and Media) and Etisalat (the leading telecommunications company in UAE, Egypt and Saudia Arabia

  12. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    60% of proven global oil reserves and 45% of gas reserves.3% of global reserves and produce only 10% of oil and gas. (Arabia in oil (9,5 MBD in 2004) with reserves expected to

  13. 2005 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; May 2005; v. 33; no. 5; p. 413416; doi: 10.1130/G21227.1; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2005073. 413

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niocaill, Conall Mac

    the first evidence for low-latitude glaciation in Arabia. A series of magnetic reversals in the Fiq tillite, possibly including several episodes of global refrigeration (e.g., (Hoffman et al., 1998; Kennedy et al

  14. Research Activities 2012 7 The Organization for the Promotion of International Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and the affiliated Saudi Aramco oil company. www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/news_data/h/h1/news7/2012/120420_1.htm On May 24

  15. Production expansion continues to accelerate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is continuing its accelerated Crude Oil Expansion Program initiated in 1989 that aims at achieving a 10 million bpd productive capacity by 1995. In addition to major engineering, construction and renovation work related to production expansion, Saudi Aramco drilling and workover operations have been markedly expanded. Since January 1991, rig activity has doubled. As an indication of aging of Saudi production, projects include modernizing current injection water treatment facilities, installing a new seawater injection plant on the Persian Gulf, installing dewatering facilities in a number of locations and installing a pilot gas lift project. In addition, equipment orders indicate the new discoveries south of Riyadh may also need the assistance of water injection from inception of production.

  16. Field scale history matching and assisted history matching using streamline simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kharghoria, Arun

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we apply the streamline-based production data integration method to condition a multimillion cell geologic model to historical production response for a giant Saudi Arabian reservoir. The field has been under peripheral water...

  17. PARTICLES OF DIFFERENCE Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    sources delayed it) Many people surprised by it, ramp up Saudi/Mexico/North Sea #12;Peak Oil When to produce liquid hydrocarbons and water. -- Coal-to-liquids (CTLs) are derived either by pyrolysis of coal

  18. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 28 fvrier au 06 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Guardian Weekly Inside the 4 March edition (by Abby Deveney) : Saudis seek to avert 'day of rage' as Libya the word out from Libya (by Jim Giles and Jacob Aron) : Machine translation can take you so far

  19. The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel's ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical more competitive'' world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader's judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy's potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy's inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US's primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

  20. The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel`s ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical ``more competitive`` world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader`s judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy`s potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy`s inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US`s primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

  1. DuPont Approach to Energy Management: A System Wide Approach to Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, J. W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Twentieth National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 22-23, 1998 DuPont is a major industrial consumer of energy in the form of fuels and electricity. In fact, DuPont's global annual energy spending is about $1.5 billion which has... three equal components (Figure 5): ? Purchased electricity ? Purchased fuels ? Operating and maintenance Like all large energy consumers, DuPont worked very hard to improve energy efficiency following the 1974 OPEC oil embargo and the "oil shocks...

  2. Oil and development: The case of agriculture in Nigeria and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachrach, E.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the relationship between the oil-boom of the 1970s and development outcomes and the prospects in two African OPEC states. The theoretical framework is provided by the political-economy literatures, both domestic and international. The research is carried out as a limited comparative study with a loosely constructed (before-during-after) interrupted time-series design. Algeria's greater success in managing it soil economy suggests further evidence supporting the promise of a mixed political-economy state model. State and societal complexions are identified, with a primarily qualitative methodology, to explain Nigerian and Algerian development outcomes on the heels of the oil decade.

  3. Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

  4. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  5. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewer wells and less footage were drilled in 1986 compared to 1985. Total drilling decreased by 23% as 217 wells were completed compared to 289 in 1985. Footage drilled during 1986 declined by 52%; about 1.3 million ft were drilled compared to about 2.7 million feet in 1985. The success rate for exploration wells of 34% during 1986 is due to considerably higher success rates in Nigeria and Gabon compared to 1985. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition was the major geophysical activity during 1986. Seismic activity (2-D and 3-D) decreased by 12% to about 230 crew-months. Total 2-D seismic kilometers recorded increased by 26% to about 82,000 km due to significant 2-D marine seismic activity in Nigeria and Angola. Surface geology, photogeology, geochemistry, gravimetry, and aeromagnetic surveys decreased compared to 1985. Total oil production in 1986 was 834 million bbl (about 2.2 million BOPD), an increase of 2%, with the most significant increased in Cameroon and Angola. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries increased to 72% in 1986 compared to 67% in 1985. 32 figures, 5 tables.

  6. U. S. Energy: aviation perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, C.L.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a sequel/update of The Impact of Petroleum, Synthetic and Cryogenic Fuels on Civil Aviation, DOT/FAA/EM-82/29, June, 1982. Where the earlier report is more concerned with energy resources and availability, this report is more concerned with energy supply/demand balance and with prices. The report reviews world and U.S. energy, U.S. transportation energy, aviation fuel, natural gas, alternative fuels and energy sources, synthetic fuels, aviation fuel conservation, and petroleum price vulnerability. It draws heavily on The National Energy Policy Plan of 1983 and its supporting documents. World oil production and prices should remain generally steady for thirty to fifty years, growing slightly faster than the world economy. Near-term prices should be softer. OPEC can raise prices whenever demand for its production exceeds 80% of OPEC production capacity. The U.S. could delay or reverse future price rises by encouraging, or at least reducing restrictions against, domestic production. All future energy forecasts are risky. A disruption in crude production at any time until at least year 2000, can easily increase fuel prices by 100%.

  7. Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

  8. Petroleum Marketing Monthly, April 1995, with data for January 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International crude oil prices rose moderately in January 1995, under the combined influences of lower production and higher demand. Crude oil output both from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and from non-OPEC nations declined from December levels due to a variety of causes, including severe weather in the North Sea and a platform explosion offshore Nigeria. At the same time, strong demand, especially from Asia, revised buying patterns and tightened markets worldwide. In the United States, reformulated gasoline (RFG) remained the dominant market influence, with the official start of the program at the retail level on January 1. Repercussions from the {open_quotes}opting out{close_quotes} of counties in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine in December continued to disrupt supply patterns and confuse markets. Gasoline prices spiked at mid-month, but ended near where they began, while distillate prices declined due to warm weather and high inventories. A sharp seasonal decline in motor gasoline volumes led total refiner sales of the major petroleum products down 5.9 percent from December levels. January market and sales activity for crude oil and the principal petroleum products is summarized in the following sections.

  9. Arabian crude fractions analyzed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.F.; Bukhari, A.M.; Hasan, M.U.; Saleem, M.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure for separating and characterizing highboiling distillates was developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute. However, their studies focused chiefly on U.S. crude oils, and very little has been reported for Middle East crude oils-particularly Saudi Arabian crude oils. The work reported here deals with the separation and characterization of 370-535/sup 0/C and 535-675/sup 0/C distillates from four Saudi Arabian crude oils produced by Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO).

  10. DISSERTATION In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Arabia Mischa Dohler, CTTC, Spain Thesis supervisor Aawatif Hayar, EURECOM, France pastel-00576459 spectrum and adapts its transmission to available spectral resources. The blind spectrum sensing and resource allocation in cognitive radio are being addressed in this thesis. In the first part of this thesis

  11. DOE Accepted Carriers Date: April 8, 2008 POC: Dave Lopez, MA-30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airline 24 Air Arabia United Arab Emirates ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 25 Air Astana Kazakhstan IATA Inc United States DoD-Accepted Air Carrier 36 Air Charters Inc United States DOE-Accepted Charter 37 with United Airlines & IATA Member 39 Air Creebec, Inc. Canada ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 40 Air Deccan

  12. Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since the Taif conference of October 1989 where some 70 Lebanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since Arabia, Syria and the United States, to put an end to fifteen years of civil war in their country Beirut, or inter-sectarian fighting such as the War of the Mountain between Christian Phalangist Lebanese

  13. Distinctive genetic signatures in the Libyan Jews Noah A. Rosenberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    contained in Libya records the settlement of Jews from Egypt around 312 BCE (1, 2), and the ancient in the 6th century (1), and others may have arrived from Arabia and Syria with the Moslem conquest of Libya of North Africa, Libya did not serve as a major destination of Iberian Jews seeking refuge after their 1492

  14. LES GRAVURES RUPESTRES DE JORDANIE DU SUD ET ENQUTE SUR LES PRATIQUES DE CHASSE ACTUELLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    portrait du chasseur: ses qualits mora- les et physiques. Mots-cls: Jordanie, Arabie, Wadi Ramm, al qualities. Key words: Jordan, Arabia, Wadi Ramm, Al-Hwatat, hunting, hunters, inscriptions, north Arabic le Wadi Ramm, sur une zone de 50 km2 environ aux alentours du village de Ramm (fig. 1). Les

  15. Tours for IEEE AICCSA 2007 All Rates are Special for Conference Participants and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Tour No. 3: PetraPetraPetraPetra----Wadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum. In the after noon, we proceed to Wadi Rum, the land of Lawrence of Arabia. We enjoy the Mysterious sunset view overnight at Wadi Rum Camp. Including special buffet dinner and folklore/Bedouin Show. Day 2: After

  16. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

  17. Source: http://erbsustainability.wordpress.com/2008/10/31/the-simple-economics-of-offshore-drilling-by-andrew-j-hoffman-thomas-p-lyon/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    to lower gas prices and reduce the strains on American consumers. But, much like the gasoline tax holiday. It will not lower gasoline prices. It will transfer wealth from oil producers like Chavez, Putin and the Saudis the simple economics of oil pricing. If Exxon-Mobil, Chevron, BP, Shell, Total or some other oil company

  18. Middle East A Short Course VU March, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    -us-relations.org/energy/saudi-energy-abdul-baqi.html 280 * 26 Ghawar Field #12;2/25/2009 3 Ghawar: World's Largest Oil Field 5 million barrels a day.25 % of world's oil in 2003 Mathew Simmons Most of the production comes from grain dominated high recovery of dry oil and hence was considered good but recently the contribute to early water

  19. Advice on finding an International Placement 1. Avoid any websites or agencies which ask for money!!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    of Exeter will be advertised via the my career zone jobs portal via http, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Russia and Eastern Europe, Saudi and the Gulf, Scandinavia, Spain, USA. http://www.nases.org.uk/students/content/index.php?page=235123 European resources: job portals 7. Eures

  20. Ohio State Colleges/Units Involved College of Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Affairs Community Partners Involved Indian Universities: Aligarh Muslim University Delhi University Saudi Arabian universities Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative Award Project: STEM Education members. For the project, the OSU partnership with Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in India received one

  1. Finite State Machine State Assignment for Area and Power Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Maleh, Aiman H.

    and Faisal Nawaz Khan Department of Computer Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi savings by extracting common subexpressions has been the focus of most of the work done for multilevel FSM optimization. This involves finding pairs of states that when encoded can result in extraction of common

  2. Definition Is it real?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    delayed it) Many people surprised by it, ramp up Saudi/Mexico/North Sea Peak Oil When production to burn, so to speak, and we're willing to share" Oil sands reserves 171 Billion Barrels (~13 yrs peak is left? Difficult to tell, many countries not releasing oil reserves Petro State Friedman (New York

  3. Short Term Hourly Load Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    Physical Sciences, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi for forecasting next-day hourly loads have been developed. Evaluated on data for the 6th year, the models give. INTRODUCTION Accurate load forecasting is a key requirement for the planning and economic and secure operation

  4. SUMMER 201118 AYAAN HIRSI ALI I TARIQ RAMADAN I AMR MOUSSA I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    --a new air. The big question is how to channel this energy to forge a new Egypt that is democratic. Amr Moussa, the leading candidate for Egypt's presidency, and Ehud Barak, Israel's defense minister of events--the Saudi counter-revolution. #12;A Compass of Hope for Egypt AHMED H. ZEWAIL was awarded

  5. 2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS Louis for full-scale commercialization. #12;2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM Albanese Investment Manager Louis Albanese is an investment manager at Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures (SAEV

  6. The first oil price explosion 1971-1974

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1970 price of Saudi Light crude was $1.21, of which 89 cents was excise tax. By end-1974, the price was about $11, of which 30-50 cents was a fee paid to the former owners, now operators. The detailed history of the ...

  7. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eberhardt, J.

    2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. transportation sector is almost totally dependent on liquid hydrocarbon fuels, primarily gasoline and diesel fuel from conventional oil. In 2002, the transportation sector accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. oil use; highway vehicles accounted for 54 percent of the U.S. oil use. Of the total energy consumed in the U.S., more than 40 percent came from oil. More significantly, more than half of this oil is imported and is projected by the Energy Information Agency (EIA) to increase to 68 percent by 2025 [1]. The supply and price of oil have been dictated by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2002, OPEC accounted for 39 percent of world oil production and this is projected by the EIA to increase to 50 percent in 2025. Of the world's oil reserves, about 80 percent is owned by OPEC members. Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets four times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-1991, and 1999- 2000) and with each came either a recession or slowdown in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the United States. In addition, these market upheavals have cost the U.S. approximately $7 trillion (in 1998 dollars) in total economic costs [2]. Finally, it is estimated that military expenditures for defending oil supplies in the Middle East range from $6 billion to $60 billion per year [3] and do not take into account the costs of recent military operations in Iraq (i.e., Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003). At the outset of his administration in 2001, President George W. Bush established the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group to develop a national energy policy to promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for the future in order to avert potential energy crises. In the National Energy Policy report [4], the NEPD Group urges action by the President to meet five specific national goals that America must meet--''modernize conservation, modernize our energy infrastructure, increase energy supplies, accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment, and increase our nation's energy security.'' It is generally recognized that energy security can be achieved partially by reducing importation of oil from sources that are less politically stable.

  8. Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L [ORNL

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The global energy system faces sweeping changes in the next few decades, with potentially critical implications for the global economy and the global environment. It is important that global institutions have the tools necessary to predict, analyze and plan for such massive change. This report summarizes the proceedings of an international workshop concerning methods of forecasting, analyzing, and planning for global energy transitions and their economic and environmental consequences. A specific case, it focused on the transition from conventional to unconventional oil and other energy sources likely to result from a peak in non-OPEC and/or global production of conventional oil. Leading energy models from around the world in government, academia and the private sector met, reviewed the state-of-the-art of global energy modeling and evaluated its ability to analyze and predict large-scale energy transitions.

  9. Coal reserves in the United States and around the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jubert, K.; Masudi, H.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an urgent need to examine the role that coal might play in meeting world energy needs during the next 20 years. Oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) can no longer be relied upon to provide expanding supplies of energy, even with rapidly rising prices. Neither can nuclear energy be planned on for rapid expansion worldwide until present uncertainties about it are resolved. Yet, the world`s energy needs will continue to grow, even with vigorous energy conservation programs and with optimistic rates of expansion in the use of solar energy. Coal already supplies 25% of the world`s energy, its reserves are vast, and it is relatively inexpensive. This study, with the aid of reports from the World Coal Study (WOCOL) examines the needs for coal on a global scale, its availability past and present, and its future prospects.

  10. Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

  11. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  12. An Assessment of Energy and Environmental Issues Related to the Use of Gas-to-Liquid Fuels in Transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO2 emissions produced during the conversion process.

  13. An assessment of energy and environmental issues related to the use of gas-to-liquid fuels in transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO{sub 2} emissions produced during the conversion process.

  14. Search for a bridge to the energy future: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saluja, S.S. (ed.)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The alarming effects, concerns, and even the insights into long-range energy planning that grew out of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 are fading from the view of a shortsighted public. The enthusiastic initiatives taken in many countries for the development of alternative energy sources have withered due to lack of economic and/or ideological incentive. The events since December 1985, when the members of OPEC decided to increase production in an effort to capture their share of market, have brought down the prices of a barrel of crude to less than US $11 and have made any rational analysis very complex. This has made even the proponents of the alternative energy sources pause and think. The US has, as usual, oscillated from panic to complacency. The Libyan crisis, however, has brought the dangers of complacency into sharp focus. The first commercial coal gasification plant, constructed with a capital investment of over US $2 billion, was abandoned by the owners and is being operated by the US Department of Energy temporarily. In their effort to find a private owner, the US Department of Energy has set the date of auction of this prestigious plant for May 28, 1986. And if an appropriate bid is not forthcoming, the plant faces a very uncertain future. Coal, considered by the World Coal Study (WOCOL) at MIT in 1980, to be a bridge to a global energy future, seems to have lost its luster due to the oil glut which we all know is temporary. This was evident when the bill to grant the Right of Eminent Domain for transportation of coal was defeated. This conference was organized to bring together experts in different areas from various countries to discuss the state of the art and the rate of progress in different alternative energy forms. The recent accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in USSR has brought home the need of diversification of the alternative energy sources.

  15. Competitiveness of Mexican crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico is under great pressure to maintain oil export revenue levels if it is to avoid a reversal in its economic recovery program. While the country's vulnerability to a price plunge is also applicable to OPEC countries, the North Sea producers, and others, Mexico does have an ace. The ace is that its heavier, metals-ridden and sulfur-laden Maya crude, which had to be pushed on customers until about 1981, is now in strong demand. Comparisons are presented of the market value of five crude oils refined in the US Gulf Coast: West Texas Intermediate (or WTI, a 40/sup 0/ API, light), Arabian Light and Isthmus (both 34/sup 0/ medium-light), Alaska North Slope (or ANS, a 27/sup 0/ API, a medium), and Maya (22/sup 0/ API, medium-heavy). In this mix, the heavier the crude, the greater is the refining margin (except for Arabian Light, for which freight cost and product yield provide lower margins than those derived from WTI). The sacrifice by OPEC and other producers cutting crude oil prices was to the benefit to refiners' improved margins during the first half of 1983. Those cuts were on the lighter-quality oils. But prices for heavier Venezuelan, Californian, and Mexican crudes increased during the second half of 1983, due to developing refinery technologies in extracting favorable product yields from them. This issue of Energy Detente presents their fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for December 1983 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  16. Modular development and integration of a corrosion control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elder, M.S.; D'Alves, B.M. (Saudi Aramco (SA))

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the consolidation and expansion of Saudi Aramco's computer systems used for capture and analysis of petroleum-facilities-related corrosion. Specifically, modular development techniques coupled with a prototyping methodology are highlighted as key contributors to the success of the project. A mainframe resident Corrosion Control System (CCS) was developed through joint efforts between the Northern Area Producing Operations Engineering (NAPOE) and Petroleum Engineering Applications Services (PEAS) departments. CCS takes full advantage of Saudi Aramco's extensive computing network to manage data on corrosion coupons, water quality, bacteria, chemical use, and cathodic protection. Selection of a centralized computer system over a distributed computing environment has yielded many benefits. The data management, user interface, and results presentation components are consistent. Remote users can take advantage of the installed computing infrastructure, workstations, and peripherals. The installed base of high-speed printers, color plotters, and slide equipment can be used easily for hard copy.

  17. Improving the performance of MARS reservoir simulator on Cray-2 supercomputer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, K.G.; Dogru, A.H.; McDonald, A.E.; Merchant, A.R.; Al-Mulhem, A.A.; Al-Ruwaili, S.B.; Sobh, N.A.; Al-Sunaidi, H.A.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computational efficiency of a reservoir simulator-MARS-that is heavily used in Saudi Aramco, was significantly enhanced by improving the vectorization, parallelization and a key algorithm of the simulator. In particular, a state-of-the-art parallel linear equation solver was developed and implemented in the simulator. This new solver ran three to five times faster than the existing solvers. With the new solver and the other improvements in the simulator, the optimized code ran 1.3 to 1.8 times faster than the original code on a single processor and more than four times faster on four processors of Cray-2 supercomputer for typical Saudi Aramco reservoir models. This translates into great savings for the company since it, in effect, creates additional computational resources at no additional cost and improves the reservoir engineer`s productivity by shortening the job turnaround time.

  18. Arabian crude-oil residues evaluated

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.F.; Bukhari, A.; Hasan, M.; Saleem, M.

    1985-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This article evaluates detailed physical and chemical characteristics for four important Saudi Arabian resids. Petroleum residues are composed of a mixture of large and complex hydrocarbon molecules along with one or more heteroatoms such as sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, vanadium, and nickel. The amount of residue and its physical and chemical composition depend on the source of the crude oil and methods of processing. Residues from four Saudi Arabian crude oils produced by the Arabian American Oil Co. (Aramco) were evaluated. The crude oils are 38.5 degrees API Arabian Extra Light, 33.8 degrees API Arabian Light, 30.4 degrees Api Arabian Medium, and 28.03 degrees API Arabian Heavy. Results are presented and residue preparation, and physical and chemical characteristics are analyzed.

  19. The slowdown continues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author reviews the oil market in the Middle East. Some of the highlights are: Aramco activity in Saudi Arabi seems to be struck at a historically low level; Iran is maintaining production rates despite persistent Iraqi, U.S. attacks; Iraq plans ambitious 5-year drilling program, development of eight new fields; and Oman set reserves record with any finds, remains the area's biggest driller.

  20. A case study of seawater injection incompatibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindlof, J.C.; Stoffer, K.G.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the primary concerns in the implementation of an effective waterflood is the compatibility between the formation water and the water to be injected. The Arabian American Oil Co. (ARAMCO) and the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Technical Branch recognized a potential incompatibility problem and embarked on a comprehensive program to evaluate possible strontium sulfate and calcium sulfate scaling associated with the injection of seawater into the Arab-D reservoir in the northern areas of Ghawar field.

  1. Deconstructing Salafism in By Laurent Bonnefoy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Hadi al- Wadi`i in the early 1980s around the Dar al-Hadith institute in the small town of Dammaj in Sa`da Province. Al-Wadi`i was a cleric educated in the 1960s and 1970s at various Saudi religious institutions and are stigmatized as sources of division and corruption by al-Wadi`i's followers. Apolitical Salafists typically

  2. Exogenous Oil Supply Shocks: How Big Are They and How Much Do They Matter for the U.S. Economy? forthcoming: Review of Economics and Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz Kilian

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Since the oil crises of the 1970s there has been strong interest in the question of how oil production shortfalls caused by wars and other exogenous political events in OPEC countries affect oil prices, U.S. real GDP growth and U.S. CPI inflation. This study focuses on the modern OPEC period since 1973. The results differ from the conventional wisdom along a number of dimensions. First, it is shown that under reasonable assumptions the timing, magnitude and even the sign of exogenous oil supply shocks may differ greatly from current state-of-the-art estimates. Second, the common view that the case for the exogeneity of at least the major oil price shocks is strong is supported by the data for the 1980/81 and 1990/91 oil price shocks, but not for other oil price shocks. Notably, statistical measures of the net oil price increase relative to the recent past do not represent the exogenous component of oil prices. In fact, only a small fraction of the observed oil price increases during crisis periods can be attributed to exogenous oil production disruptions. Third, compared to previous indirect estimates of the effects of exogenous supply disruptions on real GDP growth that treated major oil price increases as exogenous, the direct estimates obtained in this paper suggest a sharp drop after five quarters rather than an immediate and sustained reduction in economic growth for a year. They also suggest a spike in CPI inflation three quarters after the exogenous oil supply shock rather than a sustained increase in inflation, as is sometimes conjectured. Finally, the results of this paper put into perspective the importance of exogenous oil production shortfalls in the Middle East. It is shown that exogenous oil supply shocks made remarkably little difference overall for the evolution of U.S. real GDP growth and CPI inflation since the 1970s, although they did matter for some historical episodes. Key Words: Oil shock; war; counterfactual; oil supply; exogeneity; weak instruments. JEL: E32, C32.

  3. Development of reduced crude cracking catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hettinger, W.P. Jr. (Ashland Petroleum Company, KY (USA))

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1974 OPEC imposed an embargo on oil to the United States and caused a rapid rise in the price of a barrel of oil. At the time of the embargo, Ashland imported a considerable portion of its oil from the Middle East, thus raising the question of oil availability. As the problem increased in severity, Messrs. George Meyer, Oliver Zandona and Llyod Busch, began to explore alternative ways of squeezing more product from a given barrel of crude. After considering many alternatives, they arrived at the innovative thought that it might be possible to catalytically crack the 1050{degree}F plus fraction of the barrel directly to gasoline which would in effect, give them an additional volume of crude oil. Also, if vacuum fractionation were eliminated and if the entire 650{degree}F plus (reduced crude) portion of the barrel processed, this would further reduce operating costs. With these objectives and some new process innovations in mind, they began reduced crude cracking experimentation in a small 12,000 B/D FCC operating unit at Louisville. It was from these goals, concepts and a small operating unit, that the RCC process was born.

  4. The imperfect price-reversibility of world oil demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gately, D. [New York Univ., NY (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the price-reversibility of world oil demand, using price-decomposition methods employed previously on other energy demand data. We conclude that the reductions in world oil demand following the oil price increases of the 1970s will not be completely reversed by the price cuts of the 1980s. The response to price cuts in the 1980s is perhaps only one-fifth that for price increases in the 1970s. This has dramatic implications for projections of oil demand, especially under low-price assumptions. We also consider the effect on demand of a price recovery (sub-maximum increase) in the 1990s - due either to OPEC or to a carbon tax-specifically whether the effects would be as large as for the price increases of the 1970s or only as large as the smaller demand reversals of the 1980s. On this the results are uncertain, but a tentative conclusion is that the response to a price recovery would lie midway between the small response to price cuts and the larger response to increases in the maximum historical price. Finally, we demonstrate two implications of wrongly assuming that demand is perfectly price-reversible. First, such an assumption will grossly overestimate the demand response to price declines of the 1980s. Secondly, and somewhat surprisingly, it causes an underestimate of the effect of income growth on future demand. 21 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Resumption of SPR US Strategic Petroleum Reserve fill attached to synfuels bill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    House-Senate conferees approved a bill which would establish a $20 billion US Synthetic Fuels Corp., a $3.1 billion bank to fund energy conservation and solar energy projects, a $1.4 billion biomass-to-energy program, and other energy conservation and production measures. An order requiring the filling of the SPR at a minimum average rate of 100,000 bbl/day beginning 10/1/80 was attached to the bill. If that rate is not achieved, the SPR measure requires that Elk Hills, Calif., field crude be sold or exchanged to acquire other crude for the SPR. Some OPEC members have threatened to reduce their output if the US buys oil for storage. The SPR measure will increase US refiners' crude-acquisition costs by $0.04/gal, which will be passed along to purchasers. The SPR goal is 750 million bbl of crude; current capacity is 250 million bbl, with only 91.7 million bbl in place. A House subcommittee issued a report recommending that the 118,000 bbl/day oil production from US National Petroleum Reserves (NPR) be reserved for the US Department of Defense (DOD) and stored in the SPR, but criticizing DOD for inefficiencies in its energy office, inadequate conversion to coal, and inadequate storage facilities.

  6. Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

  7. Economics of new MTBE design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jarallah, A.M.; Lee, A.K.K.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) is produced industrially by catalytic reaction between methanol and isobutene. The catalyst that is widely used is an acidic ion exchange resin. This article explores design and economics when sulfuric acid is the catalyst. The profitability of MTBE production depends mainly on the cost of butenes and methhanol. Thus, the example shows MTBE made with a catalyst of sulfuric acid was profitable at a Saudi Arabian location, even though it was not profitable at a U.S. Gulf Coast location.

  8. Feeding and oviposition by the boll weevil Anthonomus grandis (Boheman) in response to cotton flower bud density and temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krauter, Peter Chris

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Entomology FEEDING AND OVIPOSITION BY THE BOLL WEEVIL ANTHONOMUS GRANDIS BOHEMAN IN RESPONSE TO COTTON FLOWER BUD DENSITY AND TEMPERATURE A Thesis by PETER CHRIS KRAUTER Approved... as to style and content by: James R. Cate Chairman of Committee) John H. edi ct (Member) J ames W. Smi t (Member) G L. Cur ry Member) Fowden G. Maxwell Head of Department) May 1987 ABSTRACT Feeding and Ovipositi on by the Boll Weevil Ath saudi...

  9. Regional Production Economics for Ethylene and Propylene Derivatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

    the significant p~oduction cost indices in each of 10 ~egions, and uses those indices to cal':ulate the production cost of majo~ ethylene and p~oPylene de~ivatives. The regions conside~ed a~e: B~azil, Weste~n Canada, China, Indonesia. Japan. Saudi A... 95 78 B5 7B 142 65 95 95 63 92 p~oduction costs is to dete~mine a ~ep~esentative plant capacity. SRI evaluated a va~iety of plants, with ~espect to actual capacities, and dete~mined the ~ep~esentative size of wo~ld competitive capacity...

  10. Study on B-glucosaminide syntheses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Sharad R

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or Sub)est& Cheaiatry SAUDI OF SMLUCOSANIFIDS SZ?fRSSLS A Thesis SharaS Ri Xulharni JLpproveS as to style aa4 contest bye Chairaan of Goaaittee Feed o Departaeat AuSusti 1961 I shoeL4 1th ~ to erpress up appreciatiou to Rr ~ Bouard Ki... of the saauscript are eisserely apprecistede 1 aa grateful to the Robert R, i4eloh Fouudatioa aud the latfoual Ssieuce Fcundetioa for their )cist fiaaacial support of this ~orke TABLE GZ vvNTMTS Page a ter I Iatl 44QO tiell J ~ ~ t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 4...

  11. Yatu Yangjiang Fengdian Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi

  12. Yichun Xinganling Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, SaudiYichun

  13. Yinhe Avantis Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Avantis Yinhe Wind Power

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, SaudiYichunCo Ltd |

  14. Ynfiniti Engineering Services International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, SaudiYichunCo Ltd

  15. Yongsheng National Energy Wind Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, SaudiYichunCo

  16. Tectonic and depositional model of the Arabian and adjoining plates during the Silurian-Devonian

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Late Ordovician and Early Silurian, the western part of the Arabian Peninsula was covered by polar glaciers that advanced from the south pole in African Gondwana. During this period, nondeposition, erosion, or marginal marine conditions prevailed in eastern and northern Arabia. When the glaciers melted in the Early Silurian, sea level rose sharply and the paleo-Tethys Ocean transgressed the Arabian and adjoining plates depositing a thick, organic-rich shale directly over the glaciogenic and periglacial rocks and related unconformities. The post-glacial sequence coarsens upward reflecting the passage of a coastline prograding northward from African and Arabian Gondwana to northern Arabia. A sea level drop in the Late Silurian placed the study area in a terrestrial environment; however, as sea level recovered in the Early Devonian, a carbonate sequence blanketed most of the area. The transgression, however, was interrupted by regional uplift and local orogenic movements in the Middle and Late Devonian. These movements constitute the onset of Hercynian tectonism, which resulted in erosion of the older sequences, depositional hiatuses, and regional facies changes.

  17. A project management approach to the integrated reservoir characterization process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsingas, C.; Tyraskis, P.A.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate goal of an Exploration and Production (E&P) organization is to increase reserves and optimize production in a cost effective manner. Efficient reservoir management requires in depth knowledge of reservoir properties and their distribution within the field. Saudi Aramco`s Exploration organization formed a multi-disciplinary team in order to develop an Integrated Reservoir Characterization Process Model (IRCPM). The IRCPM team produced a quantitative multi-disciplinary model of existing work, data and technology in order to optimize resources and minimize costs during reservoir characterization projects. The activities describing this generic, relational and dynamic model were input into project management software. An extensive analysis from the perspective of organizations, work flow and deliverables was performed, employing various project management concepts and tools. A thorough understanding of the interactions among various disciplines was identified, as well. The ability to incorporate the necessary software/hardware data acquisition, processing, interpretation, integration and management during the reservoir characterization process, resulted in serving to highlight both bridges and barriers in the flow of information and resources. The application of the IRCPM to a specific reservoir characterization process, showed that it can have a direct, positive impact on Saudi Aramco`s core mission - the more efficient production of hydrocarbons - through increasing efficiency of the reservoir projects to which it is applied.

  18. NORM Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowie, Michael; Mously, Khalid; Fageeha, Osama; Nassar, Rafat [Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco Dhahran 31311 (Saudi Arabia)

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been established that Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) accumulates at various locations along the oil/gas production process. Components such as wellheads, separation vessels, pumps, and other processing equipment can become NORM contaminated, and NORM can accumulate in sludge and other waste media. Improper handling and disposal of NORM contaminated equipment and waste can create a potential radiation hazard to workers and the environment. Saudi Aramco Environmental Protection Department initiated a program to identify the extent, form and level of NORM contamination associated with the company operations. Once identified the challenge of managing operations which had a NORM hazard was addressed in a manner that gave due consideration to workers and environmental protection as well as operations' efficiency and productivity. The benefits of shared knowledge, practice and experience across the oil and gas industry are seen as key to the establishment of common guidance on NORM management. This paper outlines Saudi Aramco's experience in the development of a NORM management strategy and its goals of establishing common guidance throughout the oil and gas industry.

  19. Response transforms from comparative study of commercial pulsed-neutron-capture logging systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salaita, G.N. (Chevron Oil Field Research Co., La Habra, CA (United States))

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that three generations of Schlumberger's Thermal Decay Time (TDT{sup SM}) logging devices - viz., TDT-K, TDT-M, and TDT-P - along with an Atlas Wireline PDK-100{sup SM} system were run in a Saudi Aramco well. The wellbore (8 1/2 in. with 7-in. casing) penetrated a sequence of clean sand, shaly sand, and shale streaks as exhibited by the openhole natural gamma ray log. The initial wellbore fluid was diesel. The fluid was then changed to brines of 42,000 and 176,000 ppm NaCl, respectively. Three repeat passes at a logging speed of 900 ft/hr were obtained by each device for each borehole liquid. As a result of this extensive comparative study, a set of departure curves and mathematical transforms was developed primarily for standardizing the various Schlumberger tools to a common reference logging system and/or borehole environment. The transforms were used beneficially to determine residual oil saturation (ROS) from time-lapse logs in a Saudi Aramco reservoir.

  20. How can energy-efficient structures compete in an inefficient energy market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noll, S.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The only way resources can be efficiently allocated in our market system is if prices of resources, goods, and services properly reflect their true value to society. However, because of (a) imperfections in the pricing mechanisms that currently influence private-sector decision making; (b) the difference in planning horizons between individuals and government; and (c) the external benefits that would accrue to society from energy-conscious decision making by individuals, it is apparent that there exists a substantial underinvestment in advanced-conservation and renewable-resource building technologies. Even if domestic energy prices were deregulated to reflect world market prices (now determined by OPEC) it is likely that underinvestment in energy-conscious design would still occur. For that reason, the only way that energy-conscious design will be implemented to the extent warranted is if a concerted political commitment is made to such a program at the Federal, state, and local levels. Such a commitment is not without precedent. The experiences of Davis and San Diego, California, and the TVA exemplify the extent to which energy conservation and renewable-resource development can be carried out if political leadership and support is established. It is known that technologies and design solutions for energy-efficient buildings are available today and are cost-effective. What remains to be seen is whether the political leadership of the United States will fully recognize the sensibility of a concerted conservation and renewable-energy-resource program for buildings as opposed to continued attempts at increasing energy production to supply an energy-inefficient-building inventory. 16 references.