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1

Saudi Arabia Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

Russell, Lynn

2

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

3

Corporate Social Responsibility in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstrakt Oppgaven utforsker forståelsen av bedriftenes samfunnsansvar (CSR) i Saudi Arabia og sammenligner denne forståelsen med den internasjonale diskursen av samme felt. For å definere… (more)

Gravem, Ole Magnus Berlin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Assessment of Rainfall Augmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submitted to The Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Through WeatherKingdom of Saudi Arabia Assessment of Rainfall Augmentation 2009 Spring Field Season Final Report performance was very good during the spring 2009 IOP conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Very good instrument

Delene, David J.

5

The acoustical performance of mosques' main prayer hall geometry in the eastern province, Saudi arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arabia H. Hossam Eldien and H. Al Qahtani Dammam Univ., P O Box 2397, 31451 Dammam, Saudi Arabia hany

Boyer, Edmond

6

Port employment in eastern Saudi Arabia: problems and prospects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Social, cultural and economic influences have combined to create a shortage of national manpower in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to investigate the extent of… (more)

Al-Nughimshi, Abdullah M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

8

NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

Myers, Daryl R. (NREL); Al-Abbadi,Naif (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite); Wilcox, Steve (NREL)

9

The education of women in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conscious of its position of religious leadership among Islamic nations. This position is reinforced annually, as millions of Muslims undertake the ~ha , or pilgrimage, to Mecca. Saudi Arabia is especially sensitive to any charges of deviating from... traditional Islamic beliefs. Such criticism has come from the Shiite regime in Iran under Ayatullah Ruhullan Khomeini. Khomeini has been vocal in urging Muslims to revolt against "unrighteous" governments. (6) As a consequence, Islamic nations with sizable...

Quintanilla, Linda Jean

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Motivation for Weather Modification Research Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent Weather Modification New Observational, Computational

Delene, David J.

11

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Dhahran -Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran - Saudi Arabia Faculty Promotion Regulations of the individual's academic accomplishments and achivements. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM considered in promotion. The university shall use the promotion process to encourage academic excellence

Almulhem, Ahmad

12

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, or in U.S. relations with Venezuela, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Nigeria? We will analyze

O'Donnell, Tom

13

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia Alaa Abdullah Al, proposes the first Arabic system for managing diabetes using gamification. Keywords-component; Diabetes; Gamification; Self-Care; e- Healthcare I. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common illnesses

14

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Saleh, Paul Upham and Khaleel Malik October 2008 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 125 #12;Renewable Energy compromising those of future generations. Renewable energy technologies, in particular, are becoming

Watson, Andrew

16

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

17

Soils and agricultural development in the region of Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The process of agricultural development and its related problems is. a serious economic difficulty facing the developing countries throughout the world. In Saudi Arabia such… (more)

Al-Jerash, Mohammed Abdullah

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av økte indre spenninger?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vært preget av spenning. Begge landene ønsker, ved å spre… (more)

Grimsrud, Siri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite, radiometric, and station data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia #12;2 Abstract1 Temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia are studied for 2000-20102 using satellite and ground-based Aerosol Optical

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

22

Enclosed and open spaces in the arid region-Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the enclosed (sheltered) and open (unsheltered) spaces in two tradiational and three-contemporary settlements in Saudi Arabia - comparative analysis of micro climatic conditions - solar exposure - analysis of the differences in the design approaches of the old and new ''modern'' developments - recommendations for the appropriate approach to the design of enclosed and open spaces in the arid regions of Saudi Arabia.

Talib, K.; Al-Zamil, A.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

Ahmad, Sajjad

24

AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

Royal Holloway, University of London

25

A passive solar test facility for Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A passive solar test facility has been designed for Dammam, Saudi Arabia. It will be located on the campus of King Faisal University, adjacent to the Persian Gulf. This maritime desert climate is terribly sevre, and one for which it is a formidable challenge to design a year around thermally efficient building. This facility incorporates seven different passive strategies: proper orientation, operable shading for windows, flow-through ventilation, externally insulated thermal mass, wind tower with direct evaporative cooling, indirect evaporative cooling through a double shell, and solar water heating. Construction should begin in June of 1983. Upon completion, the building will be monitored for at least two years.

Woods, P.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Airborne dust in Saudi Arabia : source areas, entrainment, simulation and composition.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Spatial and temporal characteristics of dust storm activity in Saudi Arabia has been established using coarse-particle (PM10) dust concentrations recorded by the KACST monitoring network… (more)

Alharbi, Badr Hadhidh A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

Abuzeid, Reem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

Bents, E.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

Williams, Jos. B.

35

version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. We examine issues of oil and natural gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures of this course, students will understand the role of oil in the geo-strategy of especially the U.S., China, OPEC. They will understand the natural-resource and political-economic constraints underlying contemporary energy geo

O'Donnell, Tom

36

Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the assembly tools and the surfaces of sunlight collection (12). Region Winter (December, January, February) Summer (June, July, August) maximum minimum maximum minimum Northern region 15 ? C -3 ? C 38 ? C 23 ? C The Western coastal region... that invite us to stop and review the value of the sustainable architecture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (3) Above all, the Saudi Government has made great efforts and attempts to support and encourage this design schema in the Kingdom of Saudi...

Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

37

Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

Akbar, Jamel A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies(Redirected fromResourceArabia:

39

Lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The World Health Organization (WHO) and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) standards for drinking water recommend an upper limit concentration of 0.05 mg/L for both lead and chromium. The authors studied the cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. They report here the results of the study of lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the same area to provide a more complete profile of the levels of heavy metals in the potable water of the Eastern Province.

Hassan, H.M.A.; Mustafa, H.T.; Rihan, T.I. (King Faisal Univ., Dammam (Saudi Arabia))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, Office of Civil Rights,EfficiencytoSaudi Arabia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A survey of intention to leave, job stress, burnout and job satisfaction among nurses employed in the Ha'il region's hospitals in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nurses in Saudi Arabia, as in other Arabian Gulf countries, may be nationals or non-nationals. Frequently, non-national nurses predominate in a workplace, and as they… (more)

Alsaqri, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also altered domestic and international politics of consuming

Hille, Sander

44

The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Modification Inc (WMI). We also in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND Terry Krauss, Weather Modification, Inc., Fargo, ND ` Introduction Photographs of ice accumulation

Delene, David J.

46

Cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of acute cadmium poisoning on humans are very serious. Among them are hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, kidney damage and destruction of red blood cells and testicular tissues. It is believed that much of the physiological action of cadmium is due to its replacement of zinc in some enzymes thereby impairing its catalytic activity. Previous studies on rats indicated that the dietary level of zinc can influence susceptibility to cadmium. The Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is undergoing extensive industrialization, crude oil exploration, production, processing and exportation. All of these are sources of trace heavy metal pollution. It is inhabited by a population where private and public water wells, particularly in the rural areas, are in most cases the major source of potable water. This paper deals with the determination of cadmium and zinc concentration in the potable water of the Eastern Province in order to generate baseline data to enable the medically qualified members of the research team to study the possible relationship between these two ions and cardiovascular morbidity in the population consuming this water.

Mustafa, H.T.; Hassan, H.M.A.; Abo-Melha, A.; Rihan, T.I.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMS’s) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMS’s. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Straße 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

52

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

53

A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene accumulation on the unprotected leading edge of the aircraft's wing during the 9 April 2009 research in Saudi diameters compared to a normal cell. Cloud base CCN measurements in Saudi Arabia are variable with some

Delene, David J.

54

The participation of women in Saudi Arabia's economy: Obstacles and prospects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Low female labour force participation has been one of the main characteristics of the Saudi labour market over the last fifty years. This study is… (more)

Al-Dehailan, Salman Saleh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

Rawls, L.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Quality in Saudi advertising design.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research investigates reasons for differences in quality between advertisements created by local and international advertising agencies operating in Saudi Arabia. It focuses on the… (more)

Alzahrani, Mojib Othman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447, Email: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa; dr.mehossain@gmail.com SPE 149094 Use of the Memory

Hossain, M. Enamul

60

MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDUCATION · MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals/Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates · May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia · February

Williams, John M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

Buzakuk, M.R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Everything depends on the Saudis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

65

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia clinical variables Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology Case Conference Summary: , Japan, Korea, Romania and Saudi Arabia. The University of Florida Department of Clinical and Health......

67

Saudi MTBE project revived  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

NONE

1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Social Media Effect on the Families of the Saudi Society from the Perspective of the Youth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This social media network (SMN) study regarding youth of Saudi Arabia, focused on the effect of the SMN on youth with their families and their… (more)

Alsharkh, Yousef Naser

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

OPEC at high noon 1974-1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46...

71

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37...

72

IS OPEC'S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics); IS OPEC?S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The foundation of OPEC (Organization of Oil Exporting Countries) was laid in the early 1960?s by the five major oil exporters, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,… (more)

ud din, Fateh; hazar, Hazal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia senegal sudan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Country: Alumni Country: Alumni Country: Alumni Summary: Austria 31 Guatemala 8 Russia 14 Bahamas 13 Haiti 4 Rwanda 1 Bangladesh 17 Honduras 3 Saudi Arabia 13... Barbados 3...

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

closer to the Syrian border.) Syria and the Sudan stood against the War. Sunni Jordan, Egypt... with the modern Middle East. Neither Iran nor Saudi Arabia epitomise the rivalry of...

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - alriyadh region saudi Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Linguistics Summary: Jordan, Al-Riyadh from Saudi Arabia, and Al-Youm Al-Sabe' from Egypt.4 The common dialects in those... and television program recordings. Al-Youm News...

76

Determinants of official OPEC crude prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hypothesis of this paper is that crude oil, like any other unfinished commodity, is valued for the products derived from it; the purpose is to offer an empirical explanation for changes in the crude price charged by the members of OPEC. The model results show that the market-clearing prices reported to prevail for petroleum products on the principal petroleum spot market at Rotterdam are the primary determinants of changes in official crude prices. A systematic relationship between offical and spot prices is argued to have prevailed since 1974. An appendix clarifies five types of data required for the model. 13 references, 4 tables.

Verleger, P.K. Jr.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

NREL

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

78

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy Resources

79

Inscrutable OPEC? : behavioral tests of the cartel hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that standard statistical tests of OPEC behavior have very low power across a wide range of alternative hypotheses regarding market structure. Consequently, it is difficult, given the current availability and ...

Smith, James L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

82

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

83

Variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi Arabian cities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Degree-day data are fundamental for simplified energy calculations. For Saudi Arabia the data necessary for simplified energy analysis are lacking, and the need of designers, engineers, and researchers in the building sector for such data as heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi locations based on long-term monthly average temperatures. These data will be of great help in performing simplified energy calculations for Saudi buildings.

Al-Homoud, M.S. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Architectural Engineering

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

85

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

abha saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

87

arabia saudi biological: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

88

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec doWinvest Financing

89

Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoansDepartmentDepartment of Energy Energy

90

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13 Page 1to Launch NewBiorefinery

91

Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Monetary explanation of inflation: the experience of three major OPEC economies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes and tests empirically the monetary explanation of inflation in the case of the moderate inflationary experience of three major OPEC economies over the last two decades. The estimated model takes into account the underlying money demand relationship, and pays careful attention to the model's lag specifications. The empirical results show that the monetary model of inflation adequately explains the inflationary process in each of the countries studied. These empirical results, furthermore, are econometrically valid insofar as they are not plagued with significant simultaneous-equation bias. In addition, the estimated equations are also found to exhibit structural stability over time. 39 references, 4 tables.

Darrat, A.F.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

2, 169190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eED 2, 169­190, 2007 Turkey-Arabia and Africa-Arabia plate boundaries R. Westaway et al. Title PageEarth Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of eEarth Geometry of the Turkey-Arabia and Africa in eastern Turkey R. Westaway1,2 , T. Demir3 , and A. Seyrek4 1 Faculty of Mathematics and Computing

Boyer, Edmond

94

This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced water handling and disposal issues. The increased water-oil ratio also presents productivity problems ; many wells will die prematurely due to increased water holdup. The produced water management will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

95

Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

Jann, Marga

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

96

Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

Al-Khalil, M.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The effect of component efficiency and operating conditions on the 50-kW dish Stirling system in Riyadh, Saudia Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with the development of a weather data base and the performance prediction of a 50-kW dish Stirling system. An analysis of direct solar insolation data for 1985 from the site in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was made to determine the available solar energy. A parameter study was done of the effects of component efficiencies and operating conditions on instantaneous and yearly average system efficiency using the prepared weather data. The system performance was found to be most affected by wind, mirror reflectivity, and exact placement of the receiver in the focal point of the mirror.

Noyes, G.W. (Deutsche Forshungsanstait fur Luft-und Raumfahrt, Inst. fur Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldrign 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80 (DE))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudi Aramco Jump

99

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

Al-Dossary, F. S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Customer behaviour towards internet banking: a study of the dormant users of Saudi Arabia .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Technology acceptance, especially internet banking acceptance has become a vital issue in the business world today. A number of studies agree on the importance of… (more)

AlMohaimmeed, Bader M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The use of the internet among EFL teachers at the Colleges of Technology in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Because of its far reaching impact on many aspects and functions of educational institutions and its potential benefits for educators, the Internet has been the… (more)

Al-Asmari, Ali M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the University of Dammam (King Faisal University) where my engineering knowledge and basic understanding was formed. Special thanks to Professor Yousef Alohali for his guidance and support during my undergraduate education as well as during the completion...

Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

103

Developing a classroom science enrichment programme for gifted primary school boys in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Enrichment is one of the important educational facilities that are provided for gifted students. However, the research on gifted enrichment programmes still requires further exploration… (more)

Alarfaj, Abdulhamid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

105

Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

106

al-qassim saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

107

al-hassa saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

108

ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

Collins, Gary S.

109

Nesting Biology of the Leafcutting Bee Megachile minutissima (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Central Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The leafcutting bee Megachile (Eutricharaea) minutissima Radoszkowski is a widely distributed species in the Middle East and a promising pollinator of alfalfa. We provide information on the nest architecture, foraging behavior, phenology, and host...

Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limitations ....... ..46 b. Determination of Optimum Circulating Rate-.- 47 c. Determination of Pressure Available to the Bit .................................... ..50 d. Selection of Nozzle Combinations ........ .51 e. Weight on the Bit and Rotary Speed... to the operational nature of the work and partly due to the shortage of engineering manpower. As a result, the work was generally assigned on the basis of an engineer per rig(s), an engineer per field(s), or an engineer per area(s). This report, therefore...

Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

Kassouf, Ronald Elie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

113

Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Detrital grains were classified as quartz (monocrystalline), feldspar, rock fragments (mostly polycrystalline quartz), others (includes heavy minerals, opaques, and mica), and matrix. Detrital grain compositions were then normalized to one hundred... percent. Cements were considered as the percent of the bulk composition. Mean grain size was determined from long axis measurements of 100 monocrystalline quartz grains in each thin section. The maximum grain size, and standard deviation were used...

Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

Alohali, Yousef Nasser

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE Tribal Leader Forum

117

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32 Master EM ManagementWe at NAPA share withPublicSpring 2015

118

Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson -ofMarc Morial -ThisMedgate,Department of

119

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd Jump to:Kenersys India Pvt LtdKhmer

120

Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

Choi, Hankyeung

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

Not Available

1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

123

Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudi Aramco

124

Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) women’s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood’s outdoor recreational facilities. The goal...

Daghistani, Farouk

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Selection of structural systems and materials: minimizing lateral drift and cost of tall buildings in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis proposes procedures and guidelines for selection of optimum structural systems and materials in two stages. Stage one is based on a list of… (more)

ALShamrani, Othman Subhi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPE 153845 Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields for presentation at the SPE Western North American Regional Meeting held in Bakersfield, California, USA, 19, the pressure and saturation changes at each grid block. Well-based SRM is based on the pattern recognition

Mohaghegh, Shahab

127

Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economyand Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economy

Hamilton, Katherine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

129

Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state… (more)

Martorell, Benjamin E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! VJa i!;e . ". v~11 or e, Y, ro~, i o ~ '!. " 'r . n~= . = La, i 'i. g . i;. . ' & - ( ':n&' t I:eric! ~i&-. 0 'l l ". ": ~ . : ' . t C C'!2 '. " FF Ps . , = i'urpc se o L i!2 9 t'll v T. e I, I? Ct. lc' 0 us' Lo L. E. - '(?'mi cf 2I At ai? 1 p...?u!cd for the ircreasc- product. This defic-. 'cncy is sl?ac. :d ly 31' siudic - ?adP o!I the cc ntry [12, 16. , j6, 1-". , 33, 3S] . i'?:2 fci!: r: to consicier the dern" nr! sir!e in a11: hcse stud!Cs s. erne frow t! . ?Pet tbs' chase studies ale ! ai nly conce...

Thenayan, Abdullah T

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

Alsahafi, Mamdooh

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

132

Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 Michael Notaro 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 2 Michael-Atmospheres 11 12 Abstract 13 14 Temporal and spatial characteristics of Saudi, are investigated using station and gridded weather 16 observations and remotely

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

133

D-SPARQ: Distributed, Scalable and Efficient RDF Query Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. University of New South Wales, High Street, Kensington, NSW, Australia 2052. ssakr

Hitzler, Pascal

134

Static Analysis and Clustering of Malware Applying Text Based Search Mudhi Aljamea', Vida Ghanaei, Costas S. Iliopoulos', Richard E Overill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Dammam, Saudi Arabia¹ Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Western Australia, Australia

Overill, Richard E.

135

Lake Wauburg Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

136

Pool Party TheELIWeekly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

137

Halloween Birthdays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

138

ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

139

Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

Schubart, Christoph

140

Global Report International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- lic of Palau, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, United

Richner, Heinz

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Identification of Business Opportunities within the solar industry for Saudi Arabian Companies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This master thesis report presents a prefeasibility analysis for a Saudi Company to enter the solar industry.Section one of this report illustrates the value… (more)

Retana Herrera, Julio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudi Aramco Mobile

144

Leak Testing the DMT Cloud Condensation Nuclei Counter for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather housing. Don't try to tighten the metal fitting on the pump housing. #12;Hard Places to Find Leaks Saudi Operator Manual Rev D page 45. March 22, 2009 Saudi Arabia Down to 450 mb, climb to 500 mb took 311 seconds

Delene, David J.

145

9 April 2009 Case Study: Current Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Radar Display Riyadh Saudi Arabia 9 April 2009 13:19:40 Aircraft Track #12;9 April 2009 Flight Liquid water content equivalent (1 Hz data) at 18,000 ft measured by 2-DC probe on a research flight in Saudi

Delene, David J.

146

The lifestyle and health of Saudi women with special reference to type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Although the health of Saudi women has been severely compromised by lifestyle-related conditions like Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), this topic has been understudied particularly… (more)

Al-Bannay, Hana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SAUDI UNIVERSITY'S LEARNERS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined the affective factors that intervene in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL), either for Specific Purposes (ESP) or General Purposes (EGP), for Saudi university students, and how these affective ...

Makrami, Barakat Humoud

2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

148

ATTITUDES OF FEMALE FACULTY TOWARD THE USE OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES AND THE BARRIERS THAT LIMIT THEIR USE OF TECHNOLOGIES IN GIRLS COLLEGES IN SAUDI ARABIA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of this study was to examine female faculty members use of computer technologies, their attitudes toward computers, the factors that best predict… (more)

Almuqayteeb, Taghreed Abdulaziz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Joarder, Anwar H

150

Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study provides the most updated stratigraphic, depositional and diagenetic histories of the Early Cretaceous Biyadh and Shu'aiba formations. Carbon isotope data were integrated with core descriptions and well logs to define the age model beyond...

Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

151

Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

Stern, Robert J.

152

Underwriter Medical Insurance Al Rajhi Company for Cooperative Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Dammam with a plan to open more offices in different cities in Saudi Arabia. About the Company See more

Omar, Mohammad H.

153

Paintball Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

154

Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 39 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

within China. NOAA/National Weather Service Office of Hydrologic Development (OHD) Hydrology Graduate Resources in Saudi Arabia,

Texas at Austin, University of

155

Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of Unusually High Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Concentrations in Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Research Motivation for Weather Modification Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent

Delene, David J.

156

A41E-0166: Measurements of the Statistical Relationship between Cloud Base Aerosols and Cloud Droplet Concentrations David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Saudi Arabia, North Dakota and Mali are analyzed to determine the relationship of below cloud base during the 2007 rainy season in Mali were generally lower than in North Dakota and Saudi Arabia or dust. Saudi Arabia has high aerosol concentration, lots of dust (> 1 µm), and higher cloud droplet

Delene, David J.

157

DR. DAVID J. DELENE ASSISTANT RESEARCH PROFESSOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zealand, West Africa and Saudi Arabia. RESEARCH INTERESTS: Atmospheric aerosols, cloud physics, weather: Current Research Projects Weather Modification Research in Saudi Arabia The project's goal is to access the microphysics of precipitation formation in the Saudi Arabia region. Airborne measurements of aerosol and cloud

Delene, David J.

158

GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

Vernant, Philippe

159

Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

Vernant, Philippe

160

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project. Final report, project summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proposals for research on solar cooling are presented for four Saudi Arabian universities. The universities are the University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran, King Saud University in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, and King Faisal University in Dammam. Topics researched include the Rankine cycle, passive solar cooling systems, a solar-powered lithium bromide-water absorption machine and a photovoltaic-powered thermoelectric cooling machine. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, claimed that the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president portion of the higher ground. Of all the regional powers, Iran has contributed least, rhetorically sectarianism. By whipping up fear of Iran on the back of an energised Shia revival, the Saudis justify

Heinke, Dietmar

162

1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass tracer for biomass/biofuel burning, 16 number concentration of submicrometer carbon-containing particles and biomass/biofuel 22 burning are subject to long-range transport, thereby contributing to anthropogenic 23

Dickerson, Russell R.

163

DISTRIBUTION OF HYDRATED SULFATES ACROSS ARABIA TERRA USING CRISM DATA: IMPLICATIONS FOR MARTIAN HYDROLOGY. S. M. Wiseman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Saint Louis, MO. Introduction: Hydrologic modeling relevant to late Noachian through Hesperian conditions on Mars predicts that Arabia Terra was a region of enhanced groundwater upwelling that resulted topography (Fig. 1). The most well preserved deposit explained by the Andrews-Hanna hydrologic model

164

APPLYING A PV GRID-TIED SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR WITH PAYBACK REDUCTION: A CASE STUDY IN K.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The key to creating clean energy is to use renewable energy sources. Saudi Arabia has an abundance of solar radiation due to its geographical location;… (more)

Oweedha, Wayel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Fractures of the Dammam Dome Carbonate Outcrops: Their Characterization, Development, and Implications for Subsurface Reservoirs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The exposed Tertiary carbonates of the Dammam Dome present an opportunity to study fractures in outcrops within the oil-producing region of Eastern Saudi Arabia. The… (more)

Al-Fahmi, Mohammed M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Another Viewpoint (AVP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the oil wells and installations in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait andKuwait, or simply assure relatively cheap supplies of oil? Some of these objectives, if well

Tuma, Elias H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab gulf journal Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rights... in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Saqi Books: London, 2005, 192 p. Political Parties and Organizations... in Yemen, 1948-1993 (in Arabic), The Athawabit Book...

168

Generated using version 3.1.2 of the official AMS LATEX template An empirical relation between U.S. tornado activity and monthly1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Change Research, Department of Meteorology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ADAM H. SOBEL #12;1. Introduction27 Identifying environmental "ingredients" for severe weather and tornadic storms

Sobel, Adam

169

International Conference of Modeling, Optimization and Simulation -MOSIM'12 June 06-08, 2012 Bordeaux -France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Engineering Department College of Engineering King SAUD University Kingdom of Saudi Arabia services, such as bad weather, absence of personnel, traffic congestion, accidents, etc. These disturbances

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Volunteer Day Countries Represented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Haiti Iran Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Turkey Venezuela Vietnam Manners and Culture Q's warm-weather fashion, and we have a lot of warm w

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

171

4593.ps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tions of generalized differentiation in variational analysis widely used in the ... Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (boris@math.wayne.edu).

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

173

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

174

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

176

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

177

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

178

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

179

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

180

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

182

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

183

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

184

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

185

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

186

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

187

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Global Pension Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/aWelfare Pension Fund Reserve Oil Qatar Qatar Investmentand the General Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

189

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

190

Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

Franz, Sven Oliver

191

Marginal Cost of Steam and Power from Cogeneration Systems Using a Rational Value-Allocation Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Gwaiz, BS EE Energy Conservation Engineer Saudi Aramco, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia majid.gwaiz@aramco.com ABSTRACT The problem of pricing steam and power from cogeneration systems has confounded engineers, economists, and accountants for a very... MARGINAL COST OF STEAM AND POWER FROM COGENERATION SYSTEMS USING A RATIONAL VALUE-ALLOCATION PROCEDURE Jimmy D Kumana, MS ChE Energy Conservation Specialist Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia jimmy.kumana@aramco.com Majid M Al...

Kumana, J. D.; Al-Gwaiz, M. M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Assessing world energy in the wake of the Iran/Iraq war: an oil shortage proves elusive. [Monograph  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reassessment of world energy supplies was made in the wake of curtailed exports during the Iran/Iraq war and the corresponding increase in world oil prices, the drop in oil consumption, the widening economic recession, and US decontrol of oil. The report concludes that present worldwide levels of oil production are adequate to satisfy projected levels of consumption through 1981. This leaves the world energy system in balance even if oil exports from Iran and Iraq remain at minimal levels for the year. Past overestimation of demand makes it more likely that this year's consumption will fall short of the projection. The way in which Saudi Arabia's output is cut will be the key to oil pricing in 1981, the authors feel, but the likely approach will be a gradual reduction in production that will allow the Saudis to regain control of OPEC. The effects of a receding demand for oil have been intensified by high US interest rates and the spreading recession. The effect of immediate decontrol of petroleum is likely to compound the trend for reduced consumption and a corresponding increase in efficiency. 2 figures, 2 tables.

Randol, W.L.; Verleger, P.K. Jr.; Clayman, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI...

Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

194

*Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305 (O), Fax: 0096638604447.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

friendly technologies and products. For any new technology or product, the current R&D trend is toward agencies throughout the world it is very important to look back to the drilling fluid technology.mehossain@gmail.com SPE -153676 STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE TREND OF DRILLING FLUID: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Adeleye Sanmi

Hossain, M. Enamul

195

Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

friendly technologies and products. For any new technology or product, the current R&D trend is toward agencies throughout the world, it is very important to look back to the drilling fluid technology, Fax: 0096638604447, Email: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa; dr.mehossain@gmail.com SPE 149555 Drilling Fluid

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

196

LEVEL OF HIGH-SENSITIVITY C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN SAUDI PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Inflammatory biomarker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events and it predicts risk of incident hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of the circulating acute-phase reactant high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in Saudi patients with chronic stable Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Methods: This cross

J Ayub; Med Coll Abbottabad; Syed Shahid Habib

197

Rheological Investigation of the Influence of Acrylate Polymers on the Modification of Asphalt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia 2 Department of Civil Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, increasing traffic volume, high traffic load, and weather accelerate the pavement deterioration.2 So, asphalt

Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

198

Modeling and Forecasting Electric Daily Peak Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Aal Department of Computer Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Address for corresponding author: Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal P. O. Box 1759 KFUPM Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e, These techniques have limited accuracy because they ignore important weather effects, are time consuming, require

Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

199

Improving Electric Load Forecasts Using Network Committees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Address for corresponding author: Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal P. O. Box 1759 KFUPM Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e-mail: radwan load and weather data at power utilities has encouraged the use of data-based machine learning modeling

Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

200

Hourly Temperature Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Saudi Arabia Abstract: Hourly temperature forecasts are important for electrical load forecasting temperatures, Artificial intelligence. Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal, P. O. Box 1759, KFUPM, Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e appropriate actions such as spraying protective fungicides (Francis, 2000; Kim et al., 2002). Road weather

Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Cloud Properties and Precipitation Formation Processes Observed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of spring time precipitation that develops in the Riyadh, Saudi Arabia region. · What are the cloud properties for developing cloud in the Riyadh, Saudi Arabia region. Research Objective #12;#12;Quality is based on calibration conducted by Kelly bosch and Dennis Afseth at Weather Modification Inc. (WMI) on 22

Delene, David J.

202

Proceedings of the Eighth International On Agglutinated Foraminifera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and designate lectotypes and report the current status of other type specimens (lectotypes and neotypes University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia and Sorin Filipescu Department of Geology University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran. 31261, Saudi Arabia; e-mail: kaminski@kfupm.edu.sa 2. Department

Kaminski, Michael A.

203

World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Middle East crisis and US energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

Not Available

1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

205

Oilgopoly: a general equilibrium model of the oil-macroeconomy nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia is the largest player in the world oil market. It maintains ample spare capacity, restricts investment in developing reserves, and its output is negatively correlated with other OPEC producers. While this behavior does not …t into the perfect competition paradigm, we show that it can be rationalized as that of a dominant producer with competitive fringe. We build a quantitative general equilibrium model along these lines which is capable of matching the historical volatility of the oil price, competitive and non-competitive oil output, and of generating the observed comovement among the oil price, oil quantities, and U.S. GDP. We use our framework to answer questions on which available models are silent: (1) What are the proximate determinants of the oil price and how do they vary over the cycle? (2) How large are oil pro…ts and what losses do they imply for oil-importers? (3) What do di¤erent fundamental shocks imply for the comovement of oil prices and GDP? (4) What are the general equilibrium e¤ects of taxes on oil consumption or oil production? We …nd, in particular, that the existence of an oil production distortion does not necessarily justify an oil consumption tax di¤erent from zero. 1

Anton Nakov Y; Banco De España; Galo Nuño; Banco De España

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

War,? New York Times, December 11, 1973, 1, Proquest Historical Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. Fox Butterfield, ?Japan Hails Decisions by Arabs: Will Keep Oil-Saving Measures? New York Times, December 26, 1973, 49, Proquest Historical... Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. 4 William K. Stevens, ?Rx for American Motors: Power from Abroad,? New York Times, February 6, 1977, 1, Proquest Historical Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. 3 In Europe and in Japan, leaders also attempted...

Barr, Kathleen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

titles than the National League? Yes. Does Saudi Arabia produce more crude oil than Russia? No. How do I know? Statistics. The month of October not only marks the beginning of...

208

Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

Peck, Jennifer Randolph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Mixed semidefinite and second-order cone optimization approach for the Hankel matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alternating projection method will be reported. 1 Department of Mathematics, Dammam Teachers' College, P.O. Box 14262, Dammam 31424, SAUDI ARABIA mmogib@awalnet.net.sa 2 Department of Mathematical Sciences

Al-Homidan, Suliman

210

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

Younes, Rayya

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

212

3596 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 13, NO. 7, JULY 2014 Optimal Mobile Content Downloading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: sqc@ecs.soton.ac.uk). Color versions of one or more data traffics delivered by mobile service providers, such as weather forecasts, multimedia newspapers

Chen, Sheng

213

D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orleans weather, condensation causes drinks to heat up twice as fast compared with a dry climate at the same temperature How about the most humid place on Earth? #12;Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Humidity of 35 g

Frierson, Dargan

214

The spectral distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation at the ground  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of spectral UV irradiance were made at Sutton Bonington and other sites in Saudi Arabia using a spectroradiometric system developed in this study. On clear days a linear relation between the logarithm of global irradiance I[sub [lambda

Albar, O.F.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Advanced Review Indices for monitoring changes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 6 Royal weather observations that answers questions concerning extremes that affect many human and natural systems

216

Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of WSNsApplications of WSNs Applications for WSNs: · Weather monitoring · Security and tactical pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

Wu, Jie

217

Oldest and Largest The Weather  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT's Oldest and Largest Newspaper The Weather Today: Clear skies, 45°F (70C) Tonight: Clear, cool Eilts, former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Egypt and Professor Emeritus of Inter- national

218

Stoch PDE: Anal Comp (2014) 2:233261 DOI 10.1007/s40072-014-0028-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia e-mail: kody.law@kaust.edu.sa 123 #12 currently gives the most accurate global short term weather forecasts available [16] and this is arguably

Stuart, Andrew

219

CP ROAD MAP Mix Design & Analysis Track  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& reinforcing steel. . . The "Resistance to severe weathering and sulfate waters is determined largely Beams: 764, 7-d ­ Avg. 601 psi 28-d ­ Avg. 734 psi #12;SAUDI ARABIA - 1970 · $660 million headquarters

220

Education at AUB: the Importance of Fallibility Opening Ceremony  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that have been with us for years. We look ahead to the expected cycle of classes, cooler fall weather to Saudi Arabia, where I met many alumni from the Eastern Provinces and from Jeddah, who shared with me

Shihadeh, Alan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

2, 129164, 2005 The circulation of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Countries bordering the Persian Gulf are the15 United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and is surrounded by most of the Earth's deserts. The most known weather phenomenon in the Persian Gulf

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

RTE.ie News Sport Business Entertainment Television Radio RT Aertel Performing Groups RT Guide About Mobile Edition Fashion Food Motors Jobs Travel Property Shop Weather Live TV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About Mobile Edition Fashion Food Motors Jobs Travel Property Shop Weather Live TV Search Search Web of the Middle East, particularly the likes of Saudi Arabia, the picture we get in our heads is one

Sóbester, András

223

Lifting and Transport of Saharan Dust J.R. Banks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in the north-west of Saudi Arabia. The vertical wind velocity profile is on the right. Figure 3: Distribution-dimensional model is driven by meteorological data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting

Oxford, University of

224

REVIEW ARTICLE Innovations in agronomy for food legumes. A review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and extreme weather. This review examines recent innovations in cultivation technology for the major food.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia Agron. Sustain. Dev. (2012) 32:45­64 DOI 10.1007/s13593

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 37 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Technology), Potential Effects of Global Warming on Hydrology and Water Resources in Saudi Arabia, $157 for Global Change, Parameterization of Snow Cover Fraction in Climate and Weather Prediction Models, $376

Yang, Zong-Liang

226

Sugata Sanyal A tallish man in his 40's sitting on the little shadow of a makeshift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

his weathered hand above his black dry eyes, used mainly to keep watch on goats, to examine whether. On asking, he explained that he is going to take another flight from Mumbai to Riyadh in Saudi Arabia

Sanyal, Sugata

227

Hassan B. Diab Vice President,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

Shihadeh, Alan

228

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Botswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilFund of Mexico Public Investment Fund Oil Oil Trinidad &New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and other

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and otherBotswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilSavings Oil and other non-commodity sources New Mexico State

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributions to the existing literature. First, it takes to data the theoretical model of optimal nonrenewable- ilicza & Pindyck, 1976; Pindyck, 1976; Cremer & Weitzman, 1976), stock effects in extraction costs

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

231

Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

important contributions to the existing literature. First, it takes to data the theoretical model of optimal (Hny- ilicza & Pindyck, 1976; Pindyck, 1976; Cremer & Weitzman, 1976), stock effects in extraction

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

232

Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1983 totaled 4,275,054,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,712,476 BOPD), down 3.7% from the revised total of 4,440,841,000 bbl produced in 1982. Iran, Kuwait, the Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, and Oman had significant increases. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi had significant decreases. 8 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Pickford, P.J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

Stern, Robert J.

235

Middle East: Iran isn't missed much  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

Not Available

1980-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

Baker, Arnold Barry

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1983...

238

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(2) | OPEC(3) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

239

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

240

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Feedstock Economics for Global Steam Crackers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, butane, wide range naphtha, and atmospheric gas oil. The 10 regions considered in the study are the US Gulf Coast, Brazil, Western Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Saudi Arabia, 54 South Korea, Taiwan. and West Ger-many. lhe business climate... fabricated, while those in Saudi Arabia have a hJgh cont~nt of foreign shop fabrication into modules, and local assembly of the various modules. Location Factor Country 0.85 South k'orea 0.90 Taiwan 0.96 West Germany 1.00 US Gulf Coast 1.12 Japan...

McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

243

Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration, “US Imports by Country of Origin,” Energy Information Administration, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov. 31. Saudi Aramco 32. Bronson, 163. 33. Department of State, “Background Note: Iraq,” US Department of State, http://www.state.gov 34... Administration, “US Imports by Country of Origin,” Energy Information Administration, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov. 42. Bronson, 21. ? 64 BIBLIOGRAPHY Blanchard, Christopher M. “Saudi Arabia: Background and US Relations.” Department of State...

Cooley, Chelsea

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

since the early 1980s and in the last decade, the U.S. has begun to import more from Russia as well.Overall petroleum imports to the U.S. have varied considerably since 1973...

245

Transportation Fuels Policy Since the OPEC Embargo: Paved with Good Intentions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Knittel By the end of 1972, things were great for oil. Prices were on a steady downward trend, falling prices coincides with increases in US oil consumption. Consumption in- creased dramatically from 0 by the end of 1973. World oil prices rose sharply to an average of $52.85 (in 2011 dollars) dur- ing 1974

Rothman, Daniel

246

Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 1 Short-TermJuly805)09 1 May08

247

Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1: March 9, 2009 All3: March 23,

248

Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July|Rise |Department ofofPetroleum

249

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Modeland- DatasetU.S.

250

As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical Challenges toReport | Department ofDepartment ofofAround the

251

Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the AmericasDOE-STD-3020-2005Code ofandthe Jeddah

252

Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

1800-111-42436 POLAND 00-800-1213476 PORTUGAL 8008-14928 ROMANIA 40-31-630-01-38 RUSSIA 8-10-8002-5594011 SAUDI ARABIA 800-8-110062 SINGAPORE 65-6517-0502 800-120-5213 SLOVAK...

253

SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 9 SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1, Mohamed A. Antar,2 Amy Bilton,1 Julian Blanco,3, Saudi Arabia 3 Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Carretera de Senes s/n, 04200 Tabernas (Almeria), Spain 4 supply infrastructure are inadequate, fossil energy costs may be high whereas solar energy is abundant

Lienhard V, John H.

254

INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

255

Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

Not Available

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

CHOI ET AL. VOL. 8 ' NO. 7 ' 74517457 ' 2014 www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Society Supercapacitors of Nanocrystalline MetalÃ?Organic Frameworks Kyung Min Choi,, Hyung Mo 34464, Saudi Arabia E lectrochemical capacitors, also known as supercapacitors, represent an impor- tant such as activated carbon are commercial supercapacitors that operate by storing charge on electrochemical double

Yaghi, Omar M.

257

A Novel Anaerobic Electrochemical Membrane Bioreactor (AnEMBR) with Conductive Hollow-fiber Membrane for Treatment of Low-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-6 By excluding oxygen from the system and applying an additional voltage to the circuit, hydrogen is evolved and Engineering Division, Water Desalination and Reuse Center, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center, Thuwal 23955

258

Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov A supplementary collection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geology in Maine and Saudi Arabia; chemistry at Oak Hill High School and Unity College (both in Maine Ring Spitzer: Weather on a New Planet LRO: Water on the Moon Spitzer: A Model for Planet Osiris 1.5.1 1

259

The influence of inter-annually varying albedo on regional climate and drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

albedo data is used to update the lower boundary condition of the Weather Research and Forecasting, Saudi Arabia 123 Clim Dyn (2014) 42:787­803 DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1790-0 #12;exchanges within the Earth system. Of particular interest is the influence that these interactions have on weather and climate

Evans, Jason

260

Facing Our Reality David Ostermeier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria,Yemen Asia: China, India, South Korea Africa: Morocco; Scientists suggest 35 M tons is a safe level Corral reefs & Marine ecosystems Increases in severe weather Changing global weather patterns Early springtime snow melt & snowmelt decline (18%/decade vs 11 percent

Gray, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 56: 131145, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT is downscaled using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional climate model (RCM) to medium (50 km · Weather Research and Forecasting · WRF · Precipitation Resale or republication not permitted without

Evans, Jason

262

COMPARING PERFORMANCE OF SOLARGIS AND SUNY SATELLITE MODELS USING MONTHLY AND DAILY AEROSOL DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast) introduced a first version of the new aerosol database BSRN SolarGIS 30.91 34.78 2004/03-2006/06 Solar Village Saudi Arabia BSRN 24.91 46.41 2000

Perez, Richard R.

263

Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEATHER, p. 2 SECTIONS World & Nation 2 Opinion 4 Arts 12 Fun Pages 13 SportsRESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

264

Examination of multi-perturbation methods for ensemble prediction of the MJO during boreal summer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)/Madden­Julian oscillation (MJO), by recognition of its influence on the variability of the climate and the weather (Kessler University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 123 Clim Dyn DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1819-4 #12;beginning of the forecast

Kang, In-Sik

265

CONCURRENCY AND COMPUTATION: PRACTICE AND EXPERIENCE Concurrency Computat.: Pract. Exper. 2013; 25:18161842  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia 3Information Engineering Laboratory Calculate Moisture Convergence Calculate Visibility Calculate Turbulence Numerical Weather Prediction Model Visualize Weather Information Task 1 Task 2 Task 4 Task 5Task 3 Task 7 Task 6 Task 8 Radar Data Satellite

Melbourne, University of

266

Paintball Summer Weather  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highlights · Paintball · Summer Weather · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Paintball! Come out France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey United States Venezuela Summer Weather Safety We've come to realize in the past that not all

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

267

Passive solar heating and analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

Jones, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond to matrix acidizing in a different manner as compared to gas wells. For oil wells, the improvement

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

269

Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright © 2014 Inderscience fields in Saudi Arabia', Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.115­131. Biographical economic recovery of oil and gas from a reservoir. The purpose of reservoir management is to control

Mohaghegh, Shahab

270

Office of the Vice President, Research Simcoe Hall, Room 109, 27 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigator grants from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) for his work. In 2000, Biox Corporation, a U of T spin- off, was formed. Taking technology developed by Chemical Engineering Professor David Boocock, Biox produces biodiesel from waste animal fats, using a process

Sun, Yu

271

B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems X. Hong1 , S. Iplikci2 S, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Abstract. A new PID tuning and controller of a PID controller together with a correction term. In order to update the control signal, the multi- step

Chen, Sheng

272

Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

Buyya, Rajkumar

274

Attacking Tor through Unpopular Ports Muhammad Aliyu Sulaiman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia muhalisu@kfupm.edu.sa Sami Zhioua Information and Computer Science Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran of relays (Tor node and Tor relay are used interchangeably in this paper). No one of these The authors would

Almulhem, Ahmad

275

On Reducing the Complexity of Tone-Reservation Based PAPR Reduction Schemes by Compressive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eprahim B. Al-Safadi Department of Electrical Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals P Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract--In this paper, we describe uses recent advances in reconstruction of sparse signals from rank-deficient projections using convex

Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

276

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 260 (2003) 6069 Magnetic properties of praseodymium ions in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia b Department acquired at different temperatures have been fitted with a Brillouin function by refining the number of Pr3 (for Pr2O3), Na2CO3 (for Na2O) and SiO2. Calculated amounts of these powders were mixed and melted

Mekki, Abdelkarim

277

Cambridge's Science Magazine produced in association with Saliva's Secrets . Aubrey de Grey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appetite Control . Biofuels . Science and the Web Hydrogen Economy The Future of Fuel Hydrogen Economy Sun, Sea and Science in Saudi Arabia Insight into Hydrogen Power Sense about Science When Art Meets and science. This issue's Focus gives an excellent overview of hydrogen as a source of energy, not only

Cambridge, University of

278

Impact of Branching on the UV Degradation of metallocene LLDPE Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Branching on the UV Degradation of metallocene LLDPE Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein1 *, Ayuba A & Petrochemicals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract The effect of UV degradation on metallocene linear low by Mechanical, FTIR and GPC testings. This paper addresses the structural modifications due to UV degradation

Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

279

Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Energy & Resources Group 2010 Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting #12;Laos? China Google, China, South Korea, Japan, Saudi Arabia Kuwait and other nations have been buying and leasing huge version of the 19th-century scramble for Africa."1 "A new geopolitics of hunger" 2 1. The Guardian UK, 22

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

280

THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON OXIDATION KINETICS OF TAR FROM A TARMAT RESERVOIR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Khamsin Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia the optimum solvent slug was injected #12;in portions alternating with hot water. The economics of the process, however, are yet to be evaluated by a field test. It is expected, though, that well-bore heat losses would

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

(This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable technology Environmental impact Limitations of current technology Date palm a b s t r a c of spill control. This research reviews the limitations and environmental impact of existing cleanup, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 10 December 2011 Received

Hossain, M. Enamul

282

When will states talk? Predicting the initiation of conflict management in interstate crises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,rawnutngagements.o weparatehisactorsromsuccess isesslear,owever.sheftcitedxamplef ietnamemonstrates,ackofission clarityreatesncertaintyinermsfothxecut ionndesults.othfactors,tsrgued 9SpecificallythecasesofLebanon,1984;Panama...),theGulfWar(beforeandafterthegroundwaragainstIraq), SaudiArabia(aftertheJune1996bombinginDhahran),Lebanon(Afterthe1983bombingoftheMarine barracks)andBosnia(FebMar1998). 21 depressublicupport.olsti,uotinglifford, rovidesnecdotalupportorhe influencefhiseliefntheohnsondministrat ion...

Bragg, Belinda Lesley

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

283

U.S. Department of the Interior November 2013 U.S. Geological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(t/yr) at its 270,000-t/yr Hannibal smelter. A decision by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio/yr smelter in Ras al Khair, Saudi Arabia. Potline instability was cited as the reason for the shutdown least efficient smelters in Russia, citing high costs. The Ural, Volgograd, and Volkhov smelters were

284

Brandeis University International Student & Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India 56 India 28 Taiwan 20 Canada 12 Saudi Arabia 19 Vietnam 11 Israel 16 Turkey 10 Germany Singapore 6 Ghana 10 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13 Finance 33 81 114 Genetic Counseling 3 2 5 General Studies/Undeclared 251 251 Health Policy / Management 7

Snider, Barry B.

285

Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and compressed air energy systems would be potential systems because in Figure 2 it is shown that they are large of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia" 1. 150 109 better storage systems to make better use of renewable energy options and we need to use renewable energy

Coles, Cynthia

286

Efficient Computation of Clipped Voronoi Diagram for Mesh Generation Dong-Ming Yana,b,c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 54600, Villers les Nancy, France cGeometric Modeling and Scientific Visualization Center, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dMicrosoft Research Asia, Building 2, No. 5 Danling Street, Haidian widely used in various fields, especially in computer graphics and geometry computing. For a set

Boyer, Edmond

287

Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and environmental factors. The problem manifests itself in the non- linear deformation of soil under mechanical & Minerals, Saudi Arabia PROOFS Determination of parameters for a hyperbolic model of soils from the eastern geotechnical problems using ®nite element methods requires the implementation of a non- linear model for soil

Al-Shayea, Naser Abdul-Rahman

288

DOI:01.IJCOM.02.03. ACEEE Int. J. on Communication, Vol. 02, No. 03, Nov2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Saudi Arabia ntayem@pmu.edu.sa Abstract ­ In this paper, a new algorithm for a high resolution Direction in two steps. In the first step, the received signals data is decomposed in a Toeplitz form using) for the covariance matrix or singular value decomposition (SVD) for the data matrix; using EVD or SVD requires much

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,16-19 heavy metal capture,20,21 sensing,12 ionic conductivity,22 toxic industrial chemical capture,23Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000 Nora Planas,, Joseph E of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Metal

290

Page 1 June 7, 2013 Oreste S. Bursi, Ph.D., P.E., MASCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of transferring oil and gas worldwide; Hawiyah Gas Plant, Saudi Arabia A single failure can cause serious *INDUSE: Structural safety of industrial steel tanks, pressure vessels and piping systems under seismic and Scope of the work June 7, 2013 European Project, INDUSE Structural Safety of Industrial Steel Tanks

291

A Methodology to Determine both the Technically Recoverable Resource and the Economically Recoverable Resource in an Unconventional Gas Play  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generations of engineers and leaders of Saudi Arabia. vii NOMENCLATURE Bcf billion cubic feet CBM coalbed methane CDF cumulative distribution function DOE Department of Energy EIA Energy Information Administration ERR economically....2?Resource Triangle for Natural Gas. (Holditch, 2006) ................................... 4 1.3?Growth of US Technically Recoverable Natural Gas Resources. (EIA, 2010b...

Almadani, Husameddin Saleh A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

292

Changing Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 , Izuru Saizen7 1 Water Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 6 Fenner School of Environment & Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 7 Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto

Evans, Jason

293

Neutral zone: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the Neutral Zone between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, much in the news during the Gulf war, that returned to production in June when offshore output resumed at a rate of 100,000 bpd. By this month, offshore production should have attained near its pre-war level of 250,000 bpd. Because of war damage onshore, production will not be restarted onshore for some time. Neutral Zone oil is jointly owned by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Texaco's Getty unit operates some 900 mostly pumping wells in South Umm Gudair, Wafra and South Fawaris onshore fields. However, only about 50 were producing 130,000 bpd last August when Iraqis invaded. Japan's Arabian Oil Co. operates 165 wells-all flowing-in offshore Khafji, Hout and Lulu fields that have a maximum productive capacity of about 300,000 bpd.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Energy price changes and the induced revaluation of durable capital in U.S. manufacturing during the OPEC decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When energy prices increased suddenly and unexpectedly in 1973-74 and 1979-80, a portion of the long-lived capital stock in U.S. manufacturing was rendered economically less valuable. In this paper we develop an analytical ...

Berndt, Ernst R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Modeland-

296

Fax +41 61 306 12 34 E-Mail karger@karger.ch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;80:19­25 DOI: 10.1159/000111724 Do Weather Conditions Influence the Onset of Renal Colic? A Novel Approach and exposure to hot and dry weather, particularly when temperatures rose above 27°C and relative humidity fell­5% in Asia, 5­ 9% in Europe, 13% in North America, and 20% in Saudi Arabia [1­3]. Many factors have been

Abate, Alessandro

297

Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0 Croatia 0.0 Qatar 0.0 Cuba 0.0 Romania 19.0 Czech Republic 33.0 Russia 17.6 Denmark 0.0 Saudi Arabia 0.0 Egypt 0.0 Serbia 0.0 Ethiopia 0.0 Singapore 0.0 Finland 31.6 Slovakia 54.0 France 77.7 Slovenia 41.7 Germany 17.8 South Africa 5.2 Ghana 0.0 South...

Kafle, Nischal

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

International Affairs International Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.1% Ukraine 6 0.4% United Arab Emirates 2 0.1% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Vietnam 23 Colombia Saudi Arabia Canada South Korea Turkey United Kingdom Venezuela 235 182 68 61 52 50 43 41 41 Top.5% South Korea 50 3.4% Turkey 43 2.9% United Kingdom 41 2.8% Venezuela 41 2.8% Trinidad & Tobago 33 2

Meyers, Steven D.

299

MICC09 S. Al-Ghadhban 1 Comparative Study of MIMO-OFDM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICC09 S. Al-Ghadhban 1 Comparative Study of MIMO-OFDM Uplink Scheduling Criteria Samir Al-Ghadhban KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia 14 Dec 2009 #12;MICC09 S. Al-Ghadhban 2 Introduction: Multiple Input t t h t h t = H ... #12;MICC09 S. Al-Ghadhban 3 MIMO Capacity 0 5 10 15 0.9 0.92 0.94 0.96 0

Al-Ghadhban, Samir

300

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Spain. The time series data for the GCC block and the Euro Area block are constructed as cross-sectionally weighted averages of the domestic variables (described in detail below), using Purchasing Power... Systemic Countries Other Oil Exporters Algeria#3; China Canada GCC Countries Euro Area Ecuador#3; Bahrain#3; Austria Indonesia Kuwait#3; Belgium Mexico Oman#3; Finland Nigeria#3; Qatar#3; France Norway Saudi Arabia Germany Venezuela#3; UAE#3; Italy Iran#3...

Cashin, Paul; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Brandeis University International Student & Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

Fraden, Seth

302

Difko Vind A S | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, Saudi Arabia:

303

Discover Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, Saudi Arabia:Discover

304

Regional Production Economics for Ethylene and Propylene Derivatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~og~dms to develop domestic petrochemical capaci ty. [n those ~egions wi th abundant. low cost feedstocks. the competltive advantage ~eems obvious. However. other regions such a~ South korea "nd Taiwan. have equally aggressive p~ograms. This pape~ quantifies... from the 12th National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, June 19-20, 1990 TABLE 1 40B9 REGIONAL FEEDSTOCK PRICES (US DOLLARS PER "EYRIC TON) BRAZIL NESTERN CANADA CHINA INDONESIA JAPAN SAUDI ARABIA SOUTH KOREA TAl NAN US...

McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

305

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key assumptions The level of oil production by OPEC is a key factor influencing the oil price projections incorporated into AEO2013. Non-OPEC production, worldwide regional...

306

|| Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...............................................................................................................................................12 Basis of two OPEC factions and two U.S. policies

O'Donnell, Tom

307

Oil flow resumes in war torn onshore Neutral Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil production has resumed in the war ravaged onshore fields of the Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait 1 year after the end of Persian Gulf War. Initial production of about 40,000 b/d is expected to rise to 60,000 b/d by year end. This paper reports that prior to the January-February 1991 war to oust occupying Iraqi military forces from Kuwait, the Neutral Zone's Wafra, South Umm Gudair, and South Fuwaris onshore fields produced about 135,000 b/d.

Not Available

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

308

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 1. Project summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary of the Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project is presented. The design of the greenhouses include transparent double pane glass roof with channels for fluid between the panes, inner pane tinted and double pane extruded acrylic aluminized mylar shade and diffuser. Solar energy technologies provide power for water desalination, for pumping irrigation water, and for cooling and heating the controlled environment space so that crops can grow in arid lands. The project is a joint effort between the United States and Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Adventures in Infectious Diseases  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France where she was instrumental in designing, constructing, and rendering operational a laboratory capable of containing some of the world's most dangerous diseases.

Fisher-Hoch, Susan [University of Texas School of Public Health

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

311

Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

  could  meet  peak  summer  air  conditioning demand (Kaminska 2012).  In  recent years, Saudi Arabia has been unable  to  meet  summer  electricity  demand  without  importing  heavy  fuel  oil  and  diesel  feedstock  (Pamuk and Choo 2012).  In  Kuwait... ,  domestic  burning  of  crude  oil,  diesel,  and  heavy  fuel  oil  is  already  reducing  exports and state income. Fuel consumption in power generation was equivalent to 12% of  the country’s oil production in 2010. This figure is expected to rise to 21...

Krane, Jim

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

Differential probes aid flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonconstricting differential pressure flow probes which help solve the problems of clogging, wear, and pressure loss at the Seawater Filtration Facility in Saudi Arabia are described. Treated seawater is pumped into oil-bearing formations for secondary recovery. Figures showing principle of operation for probes, installation schematic and long-term accuracy results (flow probes vs. orifice meters) are presented. The new diamond-shaped design flow sensor offers accurate flow measurement with low permanent pressure loss, which translates into cost savings for the operator.

Mesnard, D.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

arabia region mars: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

314

arabia terra mars: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mars has surely been scrutinised since the dawn of humankind. In the 16th century Tycho Brahe made accurate observations of the position of Mars that enabled Johannes...

315

arabia terra implications: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

landfill waste slide, a 300,000 cubic yard landfill failure involving a geosynthetic clay liner, and a 100Landfill Instability and Its Implications for Operation, Construction,...

316

OLCF Researcher to Work with Clean Combustion Center at Saudi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with Engine Knock Research Researchers at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Clean Combustion Research Center and ORNL are using supercomputer simulations...

317

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crudein predicting quarterly real oil price change. variable real

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

energy crops, natural gas, coal, extra-heavy oil, bitumen (oil sands), and kerogen (oil shale, not to be confused with shale oiltight oil). Includes both OPEC and non-OPEC...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

322

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is how responsive the demand of oil from OPEC in the oil-caused the import demand of oil from OPEC coun- tries toincrease in global demand for crude oil from 2000 to 2008,

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneArabia Senegal Serbia Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone

Denton, Trevor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Analysis of drinking water for the detection of trihalomethanes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Drinking water of the Dammam metropolitan area is a blend of raw well water and desalinated water obtained from the Al-Azizia seawater desalination plant. Chlorination is the only disinfection method applied to the blended water before the water is pumped into the distribution system. Chlorination of water containing organic compounds results in the formation of trihalomethanes. In general, the known carcinogenic and physiological effects of THMs other than chloroform are limited. However, based on their structural similarity to chloroform, these compounds can be considered health hazards. The present study was carried out in order to determine the extent of the occurrence of THMs in finished drinking water in some of the major cities of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

Fayad, N.M.; Iqbal S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Gulf War and the environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

Ashland puts emphasis on higher technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is reported that Ashland will be switching away from commodity-type petroleum projects, such as gasoline, and toward high-technology items, such as synthetic fuels, lubricants and speciality petrochemicals. New projects involved in the shift toward higher technology include a 5,000 bbl/day lubricating-oil plant at Rabigh, Saudi Arabia, the startup of the big new ethanol plant at South Point, Ohio, and the proposed $260 million acquisition of U.S. Filter. Ashland plans to sell some of the ethanol to be produced in the 3,500 bbl/day corn-based plant in Ohio, but will use the ethanol as an octane-boosting component in premium unleaded gasoline.

Not Available

1980-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

330

The post-war Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

Tempest, P.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

Developing hourly weather data for locations having only daily weather data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A methodology was developed to modify an hourly TMY weather tape to be representative of a location for which only average daily weather parameters were avilable. Typical hourly and daily variations in solar flux, and other parameters, were needed to properly exercise a computer model to predict the transient performance of a solar controlled greenhouse being designed for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The starting point was a TMY tape for Yuma, Arizona, since the design temperatures for summer and winter are nearly identical for Yuma and Riyadh. After comparing six of the most important weather variables, the hourly values on the Yuma tape were individually adjusted to give the same overall daily average conditions as existed in the long-term Riyadh data. Finally, a statistical analysis was used to confirm quantitatively that the daily variations between the long term average values for Riyadh and the modified TMY weather tape for Yuma matched satisfactorily.

Talbert, S.G.; Herold, K.E.; Jakob, F.E.; Lundstrom, D.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

El Mallakh, R

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Causality between financial development and economic growth: a case study on selected middle eastern countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: DEPOSIT and TRADE, since they are ratios and are expected to be in the range between zero and one, and thus are unlikely to have unit root. I begin by evaluating the LM statistics on a series with an intercept at the 5% significance level. If the test....32 0.26 3.41 0.47 0.16 0.59 Kurtosis 4.06 1.45 2.41 6.89 2.58 1.63 15.47 1.93 2.52 2.31 TABLE 1.B ? UNIT ROOT TESTS - SAUDI ARABIA Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin test Intercept Trend and Intercept LM-statistics LM-statistics 1...

Alrayes, Massa Waddah

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

334

Kuwait poised for massive well kill effort  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that full scale efforts to extinguish Kuwait's oil well fires are to begin. The campaign to combat history's worst oil fires, originally expected to begin in mid-March, has been hamstrung by logistical problems, including delays in equipment deliveries caused by damage to Kuwait's infrastructure. Meantime, production from a key field off Kuwait--largely unaffected by the war--is expected to resume in May, but Kuwaiti oil exports will still be hindered by damaged onshore facilities. In addition, Kuwait is lining up equipment and personnel to restore production from its heavily damaged oil fields. Elsewhere in the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia reports progress in combating history's worst oil spills but acknowledges a continuing threat.

Not Available

1991-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

335

Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

arabia al-khobar abha: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http:globalfracking.blogspot.com 2. Middle East and North African Oil http:...

337

In search of a direction in the contemporary architecture of Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a new breed of contemporary buildings evolving in the Middle East that incorporates all the pragmatic functions of the 20th century, but, at the same time, attempts to capture the spirit of the indigenous architecture ...

Khan, Sikander I

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Early Mars hydrology: Meridiani playa deposits and the sedimentary record of Arabia Terra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Meridiani Planum region of Mars has been identified as a region of past aqueous activity by a combination of orbital and in situ observations that revealed evidence for sulfate-rich dirty evaporites formed in a playa ...

Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia environmental legacy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of 1ha permanent plots 12;Study sites Smithsonian Environmental Research Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection: Renewable Energy 44 Economic...

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia syrian arab Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Leeds Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 30 Women in Physics in Egypt and the Arab World Karimat ElSayed Summary: schoolchildren and university students of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Rapid communication Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

while teaching a physics class. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/faraday/index.html Would, hydro-electric generators and transformers operation. += sL dS t D JdlH *Mention some examples on the charges. http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/electricmotor.htm http://micro

Rohling, Eelco

342

TABLES3.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) primarily from Caribbean and West European areas as petroleum products that were refined from crude oil...

343

World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries EIA U.S. Energy...

345

On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Food and Agriculture - Biofuels: Prospects, risks andand D. Zilberman. Are Biofuels the Culprit: OPEC, Food, andmodel. In Symposium on Biofuels in Developing Countries:

Rajagopal, Deepak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Established in 1975 in the aftermath of the OPEC oil embargo, the...

347

The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meetings with president Putin in 2005. The present Germanspecial emphasis on energy. Putin was present and it wasmodeled after OPEC. Putin and the Iranian representative

Lie, Kai Olaf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Incorporating stakeholders' perspectives into models of new technology diffusion: The case of fuel-cell vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustained increases in oil demand from growing economies.increasing global demand for oil and changing consumerdemand, and the OPEC may exercise its power to affect oil

Collantes, Gustavo O

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult saudi patients Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

holding recovery area. Both the inpatient... and outpatient populations are served from pediatric to adult. Within their role, the Radiology ... Source: Duke University, Center...

351

E-Print Network 3.0 - asthenosphere beneath saudi Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of 60 km beneath... the hotspot and that asthenospheric flow beneath the Eifel is a passive response to plate motion. A 410 km... ABSTRACT We review evidence for plumelike...

352

WORKING PAPER N 2013 11 The Grey Paradox: How Oil Owners Can Benefit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Fossil Fuels, GlobalWarming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD, Fossil Fuels, Global Warming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC. JEL Classication: H21, H23, Q31, Q38, Q41, Q of fossil-fuel owners de- pends on the characteristics of their fossil fuels (recoverable reserves

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

World Oil: Market or Mayhem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

Smith, James L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

JEFFREY D. SACHS Harvard University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to hold only in the short run, and they disappear a few years after the 1973 oil price increase. Moreover in the exchange rate? Answers to the first question have tended to focus on OPEC price increases and sur- pluses on the effects of OPEC price increases on macroeconomic adjustment in the world economy, in collaboration

355

What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40;8 DIFFERENCES AMONG OPEC MEMBERS Proved Oil Crude Oil Reserves to GDP Reserves Production Production Ratio Member $ per capita bbl per capita bbl per capita years Algeria 3,113 373 15 25 Indonesia 1,290 20 2 11

O'Donnell, Tom

356

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

-0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2013 2014 2015 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC World Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production Growth...

358

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

GeoArabia, 2013, v. 18, no. 2, p. 141-176 Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESEofAlAinandBuraimi,preservesaculmination of Jurassic and Cretaceous continental slope deposits (Sumeini Group) that was emplaced during the Late and the Hormuz Salt Basin to the north. The Jabal Qumayrah area may represent another, smaller basin. INTRODUCTION Two major carbonate-evaporite sequences of significance to the oil and gas industry are developed

Ali, Mohammed

360

Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

Hatzfeld, Denis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alayafi, Dr. Ahamed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Faisal Abdulrahman Alshehri, Maj. Saeed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mr. Hatem Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Nasser Ali Alshehri, Mr. Ahamed Ibrahim Alshehri, Mr. Salem Ibrahim Alshehri, Ms. Fatimah...

Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

362

Selected References Arnetz BB, Templin T, Saudi W, Jamil H. Obstructive sleep apnea, PTSD and health in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mental health: mediating effect of organizational efficiency. J Occup Environ Med, Lichtenberg P, Luborsky M, Arnetz BB. Organizational climate determinants of resident, Lucas T, Arnetz JE. Organizational climate, occupational stress, and employee

Cinabro, David

363

International Opportunities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

Anderson, Jim

364

Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

Petroleum supply monthly, February 1988. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Total US demand for petroleum products during February 1988 averaged about 17.6 million barrels per day, 0.9 million barrels per day above the average of a year earlier. This marks the third consecutive month in which total product supplied has exceeded 17.0 million barrels per day. For the most part, the disposition of the major products continued to follow seasonal patterns. Total products stocks dropped by 26.0 million barrels to 683.1 million barrels. Refinery utilization fell from January's 82.8 percent rate to 81.1 percent. Crude oil imports from Saudi Arabia rose to 1.2 million barrels per day, 0.4 million barrels per day above the average for January. Unusually mild weather, especially in the Mid-Atlantic states and New England, kept deliveries of both distillate and residual fuel oil virtually unchanged from January's high seasonal levels, although both were still well above the levels for these products the same time last year. Distillate demand averaged 3.5 million barrels per day in February, five percent above the February 1987 average. Residual fuel oil demand was 1.6 million barrels per day this month, nine percent greater than a year ago. Part of this increase in demand from the previous year reflects the improved competitive position of residual fuel oil in some utility and industrial markets, mostly due to increases in natural gas prices starting in the fourth quarter of 1987. 12 figs.

Not Available

1988-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

368

Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Mineral Dust Particles from Different Dust Source Regions: The Importance of Particle Mineralogy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heterogeneous chemistry of individual dust particles from four different dust source regions is investigated on a particle-by-particle basis using state-of-the-art scanning electron microscopy techniques including computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy/computer-controlled X-ray analysis (CCSEM/EDX). Morphology and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid are observed. Clear differences in the reactivity of mineral dusts from these four different dust regions with nitric acid could be observed. Mineral dust from source regions containing high levels of calcium, such as those found in parts of China and Saudi Arabia, are found to react to the greatest extent. Calcium containing minerals, such as calcite (CaCO3) and dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), react to form nitrate salt whereas other calcium containing minerals such as gypsum (CaSO4?2H2O) do not react. The importance of particle chemical composition and mineralogy in the heterogeneous chemistry of mineral dust aerosols is definitively borne out in this study of individual dust particles.

Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.; Cowin, James P.; Laskin, Alexander

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

U.S. energy flow -- 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Worldwide supplies of conventional oil will soon reach a peak production rate and begin an irreversible long-term decline. Options to augment liquid fuel supplies in the United States have once again begun to focus on oil shale as long-term source of reliable, affordable, and secure oil. The United States government has long recognized the strategic potential of the nation’s vast oil shale resources to support national security. President Taft in 1912 established an Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves and charged that office with ensuring oil for naval military operations. This office continues to oversee the United States strategic interest in oil shale. America’s 2 trillion barrel oil shale resource is recognized as having the same production potential as Canada’s tar sands. Tar sand production, initiated in the 1960s, has increased steadily to more than 1 million per barrels/day and is moving toward a near-term goal of 2.5 million barrels per day by 2017. This amount of oil is equivalent to the volume of oil currently imported by the United States from Middle East countries. Tar sands production has enabled Canada to add 174 billion barrels to its recoverable oil reserves, making Canada’s proved reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia.

unknown authors

372

Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

Garrity, P.J.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Who Are the Major Players Supplying the World Oil Market?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy in Brief article on the world supply of oil through ownership of national oil companies and, for some governments, their membership in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Weimer, D.L. (1984) Oil prices shock, market response,OPEC behavior and world oil prices (pp. 175-185) London:many decades. Recent high oil prices have caused oil-holding

Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce 42% of the crude-oil production. The organizationfuel prices and crude-oil production but increase overallcrude oil during the same period. Although prices more than qua- drupled, OPEC production

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Non-OPEC*** 3,407 ***includes but not limited to Angola, Colombia, Russia, China, Norway and United Kingdom. 175.60 billion barrels U.S. PADD V 4.85 billion barrels U.S. PADD...

378

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

of 2011. Figure DataThe AEO2011 Reference case also includes signifi cant long-term potential for supply from non-OPEC producers. In several resource-rich regions (including...

379

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal-to-liquids OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule RFS Renewable Fuels Standard EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration...

380

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per liter equals the retail price of gasoline in the Unitedgasoline prices in non-OPEC countries were 1.04 USD per liter, including an average base retail price

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

TABLE39.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 696 0 0 Indonesia ... 2,227 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 696 0 0 Non OPEC...

382

TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 Nigeria ... 12,322 2,095 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 33,173 0 611 60 252 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC...

383

The Optimal Gas Tax for California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leads to enough demand for oil that it impacts world oilof U.S. import demand on the world oil price and OPEC marketdemand and its (currently strong) effect on the world oil

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Prince, Lea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Oil Dependence: The Value of R{ampersand}D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past quarter century the United States` dependence on oil has cost its economy on the order of $5 trillion. Oil dependence is defined as economically significant consumption of oil, given price inelastic demand in the short and long run and given the ability of the OPEC cartel to use market power to influence oil prices. Although oil prices have been lower and more stable over the past decade, OPEC still holds the majority of the world`s conventional oil resources according to the best available estimates. OPEC`s share of the world oil market is likely to grow significantly in the future,restoring much if not all of their former market power. Other than market share, the key determinants of OPEC`s market power are the long and short run price elasticities of world oil demand and supply. These elasticities depend critically on the technologies of oil supply and demand, especially the technology of energy use in transportation. Research and development can change these elasticities in fundamental ways, and given the nature of the problem,the government has an important role to play in supporting such research.

Greene, D.L.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Origin of Lower Cretaceous (`Nubian') sandstones of North-east Africa and Arabia from detrital zircon U-Pb SHRIMP dating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as widespread sandstone sheets, typically are mineralogically and texturally mature. Previous petrographic contain aerially extensive siliciclastic rock units typically dominated by quartz-rich sandstone older sources (Kolodner et al., 2006). Petrogra- phical examination and detrital zircon geochro- nology

Dov, Avigad

386

Paper Preview Paper Number 63180-MS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preconditioning Authors M.A. Aggour, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; M.A. Al-Muhareb, Saudi Aramco

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

387

Follow Up for Emergency Department Patients After Intravenous Contrast and Risk of Nephropathy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. J Am Collfollowing percutaneous coronary intervention. Saudi J Kidneyafter percutaneous coronary intervention: development and

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Polycrystalline thin-film technology: Recent progress in photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polycrystalline thin films have made significant technical progress in the past year. Three of these materials that have been studied extensively for photovoltaic (PV) power applications are copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and thin-film polycrystalline silicon (x-Si) deposited on ceramic substrates. The first of these materials, polycrystalline thin-film CuInSe{sub 2}, has made some rapid advances in terms of high efficiency and long-term reliability. For CuInSe{sub 2} power modules, a world record has been reported on a 0.4-m{sup 2} module with an aperture-area efficiency of 10.4% and a power output of 40.4 W. Additionally, outdoor reliability testing of CuInSe{sub 2} modules, under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, has resulted in only minor changes in module performance after more than 1000 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. CdTe module research has also resulted in several recent improvements. Module performance has been increased with device areas reaching nearly 900 cm{sup 2}. Deposition has been demonstrated by several different techniques, including electrodeposition, spraying, and screen printing. Outdoor reliability testing of CdTe modules was also carried out under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, with more than 600 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. These tests were also encouraging and indicated that the modules were stable within measurement error. The highest reported aperture-area module efficiency for CdTe modules is 10%; the semiconductor material was deposited by electrodeposition. A thin-film CdTe photovoltaic system with a power output of 54 W has been deployed in Saudi Arabia for water pumping. The Module Development Initiative has made significant progress in support of the Polycrystalline Thin-Film Program in the past year, and results are presented in this paper.

Mitchell, R.L.; Zweibel, K.; Ullal, H.S.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A safety management system for an offshore Azerbaijan Caspian Sea Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation will describe the Safety Management System that Azerbaijan International Operating Company (AIOC) has structured to assure that Company activities are performed in a manner that protects the public, the environment, contractors and AIOC employees. The Azerbaijan International Oil Company is a consortium of oil companies that includes Socar, the state oil company of Azerbaijan, a number of major westem oil companies, and companies from Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. The Consortium was formed to develop and produce a group of large oil fields in the Caspian Sea. The Management of AIOC, in starting a new operation in Azerbaijan, recognized the need for a formal HSE management system to ensure that their HSE objectives for AIOC activities were met. As a consortium of different partners working together in a unique operation, no individual partner company HSE Management system was appropriate. Accordingly AIOC has utilized the E & P Forum {open_quotes}Guidelines for the Development and Application of Health Safety and Environmental Management Systems{close_quotes} as the framework document for the development of the new AIOC system. Consistent with this guideline, AIOC has developed 19 specific HSE Management System Expectations for implementing its HSE policy and objectives. The objective is to establish and continue to maintain operational integrity in all AIOC activities and site operations. An important feature is the use of structured Safety Cases for the design engineering activity. The basis for the Safety Cases is API RP 75 and 14 J for offshore facilities and API RP 750 for onshore facilities both complimented by {open_quotes}Best International Oilfield Practice{close_quotes}. When viewed overall, this approach provides a fully integrated system of HSE management from design into operation.

Brasic, M.F.; Barber, S.W.; Hill, A.S.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Mapping Metageographies: The Cartographic Invention of Italy and the Mediterranean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finally, they invaded Egypt. However, when the EmperorsArmenia, Assyria, Arabia and Egypt have come under Roman

della Dora, Veronica

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 1. Design review report, data acquisition plan and experimental plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four preliminary passive solar dwelling design concepts were developed based upon previously established climatic design criteria and an identification of applicable passive cooling strategies was made. These were quantitatively compared for their thermal performance based upon a computer program. The selected concept was optimized and preliminary construction drawings and details were submitted for review by SOLERAS. This report deals with the further refinement and development of the design concept and improvements of the performance of the selected passive elements. The final design has been detailed for actual construction and monitoring at the King Faisal University Dammam Campus. In addition this report addresses the comparative evaluation of the previous design concepts utilizing more rigorous computer simulation methods.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Measuring Compensation from Credit Reporting Damage: A Comparison of Islamic, Saudi, and American Law in Light of Credit Information Reporting Acts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although there was a simple way to practice credit reporting in the past, in its organized and developed form credit reporting is considered new to international society in general. The first act to regulate credit reporting ...

Alhaidary, Mansour

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

393

(D. Merriam, U of Kansas, ed) Predicting the Peak in World Oil Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently predicted that world oil production could continue to increase for more than three decades, based on the recent US Geological Survey (USGS) evaluation of world oil resources and a simple, transparent model. However, it can be shown that this model is not consistent with actual oil production records in many different regions, particularly that of the US, from which it was derived. A more careful application of the EIA model, using the same resource estimates, indicates that at best non-OPEC oil production can increase for less than two decades, and should begin to decline at the latest sometime between 2015 and 2020. OPEC will at this point completely control the world oil market and will need to meet increased demand as well as compensate for declining production of non-OPEC producers. OPEC could control the market even sooner than this, given its much larger share of proven oil reserves, probable difficulties in transforming non-OPEC undiscovered reserves into proven reserves, and the converging interests of all oil producers as reserves are depleted. This has significant implications for the world economy and for US national security.

Alfred J. Cavallo

394

Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves.2 million barrels per day in 2030 (International Energy Agency [IEA], 2009). Meeting 2030 demand requires gas reserves after Russia.3 Iran's centerpiece of energy policies, enforced by the National Iranian

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

395

CREDIT:PHOTOS.COM LETTERS I BOOKS I POLICY FORUM I EDUCATION FORUM I PERSPECTIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil, April 2006, p. 103. 4. A. Shihab-Eldin, M.Hamel, G. Brennand, Oil Outlook to 2025, OPEC Review with this new state of affairs, first and foremost by embracing energy efficiency and conservation not as virtues for the elite, but as urgent and universal national goals. ALFRED CAVALLO Energy Consultant

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

396

Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the 1980s and, in combination with the market response to higher oil prices led to the OPEC cartel's loss so effectively in the past. The combination of higher oil prices and policies aimed at increasing energy efficiency led to almost 15 years of low oil prices (Figure 1). Unfortunately, after these efforts

397

version 11apr11a Geopolitics of the Global Oil System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-market, neo-colonial system that ended with OPECs nationalizations. We examine issues of oil and natural gas-group blogs: 1. China Oil Affairs http://chinaoilaffairs.blogspot.com/ 2. Rentismo & Dutch Disease http geopolitical consequences for the Middle East, Latin America, China, and U.S. policy. In Part 1, Resources, we

O'Donnell, Tom

398

Monetary compensations in climate policy through the lens of a general equilibrium assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Organization of the Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC) that these concerns have been officially acknowledged transfers raise questions about both their amount and their efficiency for sustaining economic activity. The first question relates to the evaluation of climate policy losses in oil-exporting countries, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

73-428/19-624 The Transformation of Energy Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and natural gas, the rise and fall of OPEC, power systems engineering and economics, and the special problems-oil and natural gas deregulation are widely-cited success stories, while the electric power industry has become the tools of economics and engineering to assess the successes and failures of energy-market commoditization

Blumsack, Seth

400

Contaminants in Naturally Ventilated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? 1973 OPEC Oil Crisis 1970s/80s - Sick Building Syndrome Bad planning = Many good ideas died 2007 - Can main motivation)- particularly for low energy ones! #12;Low Energy Buildings - Who Cares? + + = Buildings account for 48% of all energy used #12;Who cares some more? + = Buildings account for more than 50

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE UMR 5252 CNRS - UPMF in "OPEC Energy Review XXXIII, 2 (2009) 97-110" #12;halshs-00442213,version1-18Dec2009 #12;A surplus if they are in intermediate values to avoid strategies seen above and to optimise quantities sold on the market; 1 We are very

Boyer, Edmond

402

Structural Change, Impacts and Opportunities For Concrete Pavement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developed Economies Asia, Excl Japan #12;Oil Price History $ Per Barrel, West Texas Intermediate 0 20 40 60 Change in Asphalt Prices Six Months Later: Red Based On Last 10 Year History: A 10% Change in Oil Prices on LDC's & Demand Side Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side #12;Asphalt &Oil Price Correlation

403

How Increased Crude Oil Demand by China and India Affects the International Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the world crude oil market. More specifically, we study the implications for pricing, OPEC production of the Crude Oil Market The global crude oil market can be analysed by considering how quantity and price crude oil prices in the world move together (the price differences are due to different oil quality

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - asmara district eritrea Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1, 2011) Summary: Colombia East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi Source: Warkentin, Ian G. - Department of Biology, Memorial...

405

Impact of EGR on Soot Nanostructure and Reactivity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Mineral Sciences The Pennsylvania State University Sponsors: National Science Foundation National Energy Technology Laboratory Saudi Ministry of Education The Energy...

406

The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

Kolp, Felicity Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpine-himalayan mountain range Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 5 GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 Summary: -collision transition. Keywords: Plate collision -...

408

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is generating electrical power in (13.8KV) according to system demands and to deliver the generated power..................................................................................................2 Saudi Electricity Company................................................................ 3 to take summer training in one of the industrial companies. I did my summer training in Saudi Electricity

Al-Ghadhban, Samir

409

New policy imperatives for energy producers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conferences sponsored by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development are organized toward increasing the understanding of the multifaceted problems in energy - economic, technical, and political - that confront not just the consuming industrial powers but the developing OPEC and non-OPEC producers and, in particular, the Third World countries whose plight is extreme. All types were represented at this 6th conference, and the 21 papers mirror the diversity of ideas and, at the same time, the very real areas where cooperation and coordination are clearly both possible and desirable. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); one abstract was selected for Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

El Mallakh, R.; El Mallakh, D.H. (eds.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both "above ground" and "below ground" factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. The Energy Information Administration will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Field scale history matching and assisted history matching using streamline simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, we apply the streamline-based production data integration method to condition a multimillion cell geologic model to historical production response for a giant Saudi Arabian reservoir. The field has been under peripheral water...

Kharghoria, Arun

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 28 fvrier au 06 mars 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guardian Weekly Inside the 4 March edition (by Abby Deveney) : Saudis seek to avert 'day of rage' as Libya the word out from Libya (by Jim Giles and Jacob Aron) : Machine translation can take you so far

Rennes, Université de

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - asthmatic children undergoing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and inhaler... for asthmatic children in primary care. Are we following guidelines? Saudi Med J 2003;24 : 507-511 10 Jong - Van... for the treatment of asthma in childhood....

414

This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi with data. The algorithm is used in oceanography, oil reservoir simulation and weather prediction [4

Stuart, Andrew

415

U.S. Energy Flow -- 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy consumption in 1995 increased slightly for the fifth year in a row (from 89 to 91 quadrillion [1015Btu). U.S. economic activity slowed from the fast-paced recovery of 1994, even with the continued low unemployment rates and low inflation rates. The annual increase in U.S. real GDP dropped to 4.6% from 1994?s increase of 5.8%. Energy consumption in all major end-use sectors surpassed the record-breaking highs achieved in 1994, with the largest gains (2.5%) occurring in the residential/commercial sector. Crude oil imports decreased for the first time this decade. There was also a decline in domestic oil production. Venezuela replaced Saudi Arabia as the principal supplier of imported oil. Imports of natural gas, mainly from Canada, continued to increase. The demand for natural gas reached a level not seen since the peak levels of the early 1970s and the demand was met by a slight increase in both natural gas production and imports. Electric utilities had the largest percentage increase of n.atural gas consumption, a climb of 7% above 1994 levels. Although coal production decreased, coal exports continued to make a comeback after 3 years of decline. Coal once again become the primary U.S. energy export. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) consists of two phases. Phase I (in effect as of January 1, 1995) set emission restrictions on 110 mostly coal-burning plants in the eastern and midwestem United States. Phase II, planned to begin in the year 2000, places additional emission restrictions on about 1,000 electric plants. As of January 1, 1995, the reformulated gasoline program, also part of the CAAA90, was finally initiated. As a result, this cleaner-burning fuel was made available in areas of the United States that failed to meet the Environmental Protection Agency? s (EPA?s) ozone standards. In 1995, reformulated gasoline represented around 28% of total gasoline sales in the United States. The last commercial nuclear power plant under construction in the United States came on line in 1995. The Tennessee Valley Authority? s (TVA) Watts Bar-l received a low-power operating license from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The construction permit was granted in 1972. Also, TVA canceled plans to complete construction of three other nuclear plants. In 1995, federal and state governments took steps to deregulate and restructure the electric power industry. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) unanimously approved a proposal to require utilities to open their electric transmission system to competition from wholesale electricity suppliers. California has been at the forefront in the restructuring of the electric utility industry. Plans authorized by the California Public Utility Commission prepare for a free market in electricity to be established by 1998. In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began reporting statistics on renewable energy consumption. The types and amounts of renewable energy consumed vary by end-use sector, electric utilities and the industrial sector being the primary consumers since 1990. Renewable energy provided 6.83 quads (7.6I) of the total energy consumed in the United States in 1995, compared to 7.1% in 1994. Increasing concern over the emission of greenhouse gases has resulted in exhaustive analysis of U.S. carbon emissions from energy use. Emissions in the early 1990s have already exceeded those projected by the Clinton Administration? s Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) released in 1994 that was developed to stabilize U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2000.

Miller, H.; Mui, N.; Pasternak, A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60% of proven global oil reserves and 45% of gas reserves.3% of global reserves and produce only 10% of oil and gas. (Arabia in oil (9,5 MBD in 2004) with reserves expected to

Lie, Kai Olaf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Purification and characterization of a 50 kDa glycoprotein in cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it causes serious intestinal schistosomiasis in humans. Infection of S. mansoni prevails throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and South America, especially in Egypt, Nalagasy, Arabia, Brazil, Venezuela, Surinam, and Guayana...

Sun, Jianling

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

418

Molecular cloning of Schistosoma mansoni egg cDNA clones of importance to host immune response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tropical and subtropical Africa, South America, especially in Egypt, Nalagasy, Arabia, Brazil, Venezunelaf Surinam, and Guayanaf and in several Caribbean islands, including Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, St. Lucia, Martinique, and Guadeloupe...

Chao, Hsu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Conquering the Sahara and Arabian deserts of the biota of North Africa and Arabia is inextricably tied to the complex geological and climatic evolution

Carranza, Salvador

420

SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SIR JULIAN HORN-SMITH Pro-Chancellor S ir Julian Horn-Smith, aged 62, was one of the founding (Telecoms and Media) and Etisalat (the leading telecommunications company in UAE, Egypt and Saudia Arabia

Burton, Geoffrey R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Impact of 1973 Oil Embargo and 2005 Katrina on Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influence that they had on the world through oil. One of the many results of the oil embargo was higher oil prices all through out the western world, particularly North America. The embargo forced to consider many things about energy..., such as the cost and supply, which up to 1973 no one had worried about. Although the embargo ended only years after it began in 1973, the Oil Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations had quadrupled the price of oil in the west. The rising oil prices...

Mehta, P.

423

Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sumption of electricity (see Figure 2). The first OPEC oil embargo in 1973 caused Westing house to take a strong position to emphasize con servation of fossil fuels in all of its physical plant facilities including R&D. Figure 3 is a his tory of our... CONSERVATION - ENERGY AUDITS What criteria can we develop to measure achievements and establish goals? Figure 10 shows a range of en ergy requirements for schools in Northern United States of America in t~rms of M Btu/sq.ft./year. Figure 11 compares...

Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Final version 14 March 2007 for Petroleum Africa What’s Wrong with Reserves?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The publishing of data is a political act, one depending largely upon the image the author would like to portray i.e. rich in front of the banker, the shareholder, or alongside quotas; poor in face of taxes. Most debates argue over words that are not clearly defined (as oil or reserves) and which are distinct from their authors, resulting in often useless discussions. Wording ambiguities Gas means gasoline for some, but natural gas for others. M means thousand for the US industry (outside computers) but million ( = mega) in metric countries. Billion is thousand millions in the US, but million millions (square million) in Europe. Webster’s definition for billion is a very large number, which is not very precise! Reserves Definitions There are currently several reserve definitions in use: • US: all energy companies listed on the US stock market are obliged by the SEC to report only proved reserves (1P), assumed to be the minimum; these reserves are audited. • OPEC: because quotas depend upon reserves, OPEC members report proved reserves

Jean Laherrere

425

Oil and the American Way of Life: Don't Ask, Don't Tell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the coming decades, US consumers will face a series of important decisions about oil. To make effective decisions, consumers must confront some disturbing answers to questions they would rather not ask. These questions include: is the US running out of oil, is the world running out of oil, is OPEC increasing its grip on prices, is the US economy reducing its dependence on energy, and will the competitive market address these issues in a timely fashion? Answers to these questions indicate that the market will not address these issues: the US has already run out of inexpensive sources of oil such that rising prices no longer elicit significant increases in supply. The US experience implies that within a couple of decades, the world oil market will change from increasing supply at low prices to decreasing supply at higher prices. As the world approaches this important turning point, OPEC will strengthen its grip on world oil prices. Contrary to popular belief, the US economy continues to be highly dependent on energy, especially inexpensive sources of energy. Together, these trends threaten to undermine the basic way in which the US economy generates a high standard of living.

Kaufmann, Robert (Boston University) [Boston University

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, April 1995, with data for January 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International crude oil prices rose moderately in January 1995, under the combined influences of lower production and higher demand. Crude oil output both from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and from non-OPEC nations declined from December levels due to a variety of causes, including severe weather in the North Sea and a platform explosion offshore Nigeria. At the same time, strong demand, especially from Asia, revised buying patterns and tightened markets worldwide. In the United States, reformulated gasoline (RFG) remained the dominant market influence, with the official start of the program at the retail level on January 1. Repercussions from the {open_quotes}opting out{close_quotes} of counties in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine in December continued to disrupt supply patterns and confuse markets. Gasoline prices spiked at mid-month, but ended near where they began, while distillate prices declined due to warm weather and high inventories. A sharp seasonal decline in motor gasoline volumes led total refiner sales of the major petroleum products down 5.9 percent from December levels. January market and sales activity for crude oil and the principal petroleum products is summarized in the following sections.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Ohio State Colleges/Units Involved College of Arts and Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affairs Community Partners Involved Indian Universities: Aligarh Muslim University Delhi University Saudi Arabian universities Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative Award Project: STEM Education members. For the project, the OSU partnership with Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in India received one

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

430

Environmental Impact on Chemical/Oil Spill in the Persian Gulf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and continuous. In contrast the winds in winter are often associated with synoptic weather systems, and breaks in the northern half of the Gulf, appears to set up coastal current regimes along both the Saudi (downwelling sank in bad weather. A

Chu, Peter C.

431

Int J Biometeorol (1993) 37:96-100 ,,.==,oo= R|tx___ /7/7/~J.....~of llJl~Ll d~__..//_~  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Halophytes - Effect on weather; arid region climate modification; irrigation - Effect on weather; vegetation - Effect on weather; Deliberate climate modi- fication by vegetation Introduction Salt-tolerant vegetation in the Saudi peninsula (Hicks et al. 1992), was chosen for analysis. This brief paper examines the expected

Pielke, Roger A.

432

Lifting and Transport of Saharan Dust J.R. Banks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in the steady state. Conditions are at 12.00 on 16/5/2006, at 38.25°E, 28.125°N, in the north-west of Saudi by meteorological data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) operational data set

Oxford, University of

433

SOLERAS - Photovoltaic Power Systems Project. Rural solar applications. Final report: project summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Saudi Solar Village Project photovoltaic system is described, consisting of 160 arrays, a computerized control system, 1100 kW of electrical storage in lead-acid batteries, and an automatic weather data gathering system. Satisfactory overall system performance is reported. Performance degradation due to dust on the array lenses was determined. Field operational problems are discussed. (LEW)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

30 November 2007 Where do we come from... -Robert Hack -Delft 1 Where do we come from and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bahrain-Saudi Causeway Off/onshore pile foundations in soil and rock (geology, properties, and engineering weathered to soil, which could be at any depth (engineering and properties) #12;30 November 2007 Where do we properties, shear strength, weathering) ·Uncertainty ·Geo-informatics (modelling, identification) ·Numerical

Hack, Robert

435

The Impact of Observed Vegetation Changes on LandAtmosphere Feedbacks During Drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Desalination and Reuse Centre, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi conditions of the advanced research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to assess the influence. 2010). Some changes in the climate and extreme weather events in Australia have been attributed

Evans, Jason

436

2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS Louis for full-scale commercialization. #12;2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM Albanese Investment Manager Louis Albanese is an investment manager at Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures (SAEV

437

The first oil price explosion 1971-1974  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 1970 price of Saudi Light crude was $1.21, of which 89 cents was excise tax. By end-1974, the price was about $11, of which 30-50 cents was a fee paid to the former owners, now operators. The detailed history of the ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Yemen This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2nd Saudi Meeting on Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production Technologies (OGEP 2010) held at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals of hydrocarbon saturation is the vital parameter in oil reserve calculation processes. Archie's formula

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

439

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

440

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait, Middle East, oil and gas fields, oil refinery, oil waste, oil well,Equipment Kuwait Oil Co. 1991. Mideast well fire, oil spillKuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudia Arabia, Oil spill, cleanup, oil spills, crude, oil spill incidents, oil spills-pipeline, warfare, oil skimmers, oil wells,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Revue de presse hebdomadaire 11 17 mars 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Espinosa) : Sin los sayones negros que tapan su feminidad e impiden diferenciarlas, las mujeres de Arabia puede ser una ilusión. Detrás, pocas y muy grandes empresas controlan el mercado. La distribucián, el

Rennes, Université de

442

Distinctive genetic signatures in the Libyan Jews Noah A. Rosenberg*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contained in Libya records the settlement of Jews from Egypt around 312 BCE (1, 2), and the ancient in the 6th century (1), and others may have arrived from Arabia and Syria with the Moslem conquest of Libya of North Africa, Libya did not serve as a major destination of Iberian Jews seeking refuge after their 1492

Rosenberg, Noah

443

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Legitimate Government 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S)Jarrod J. H. Gillam and James E. Moran 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943­5000 8. PERFORMING Arabia, the Southern secessionist movement, and the Arab Spring protesters delegitimized the regime

444

DOE Accepted Carriers Date: April 8, 2008 POC: Dave Lopez, MA-30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airline 24 Air Arabia United Arab Emirates ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 25 Air Astana Kazakhstan IATA Inc United States DoD-Accepted Air Carrier 36 Air Charters Inc United States DOE-Accepted Charter 37 with United Airlines & IATA Member 39 Air Creebec, Inc. Canada ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 40 Air Deccan

445

Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since the Taif conference of October 1989 where some 70 Lebanese  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Post-war Lebanese communities in search of reconciliation Fifteen years have passed already since Arabia, Syria and the United States, to put an end to fifteen years of civil war in their country Beirut, or inter-sectarian fighting such as the War of the Mountain between Christian Phalangist Lebanese

Boyer, Edmond

446

After twenty-six years at the Institute for Advanced Study, Glen Bowersock, a preeminent authority  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly on the history of Roman Greece and Asia Minor, and of pre-Islamic Arabia. More than a dozen books on Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern history, retired in July as a Professor in the School of Historical on Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern history and culture, as well as the classical tradition in modern

447

DISSERTATION In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arabia Mischa Dohler, CTTC, Spain Thesis supervisor Aawatif Hayar, EURECOM, France pastel-00576459 spectrum and adapts its transmission to available spectral resources. The blind spectrum sensing and resource allocation in cognitive radio are being addressed in this thesis. In the first part of this thesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

448

LES GRAVURES RUPESTRES DE JORDANIE DU SUD ET ENQUTE SUR LES PRATIQUES DE CHASSE ACTUELLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

portrait du chasseur: ses qualités mora- les et physiques. Mots-clés: Jordanie, Arabie, Wadi Ramm, al qualities. Key words: Jordan, Arabia, Wadi Ramm, Al-Hwaïtat, hunting, hunters, inscriptions, north Arabic le Wadi Ramm, sur une zone de 50 km2 environ aux alentours du village de Ramm (fig. 1). Les

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

449

Tours for IEEE AICCSA 2007 All Rates are Special for Conference Participants and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Tour No. 3: PetraPetraPetraPetra----Wadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum and AqabaWadi Rum. In the after noon, we proceed to Wadi Rum, the land of Lawrence of Arabia. We enjoy the Mysterious sunset view ­ overnight at Wadi Rum Camp. Including special buffet dinner and folklore/Bedouin Show. Day 2: After

450

Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. transportation sector is almost totally dependent on liquid hydrocarbon fuels, primarily gasoline and diesel fuel from conventional oil. In 2002, the transportation sector accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. oil use; highway vehicles accounted for 54 percent of the U.S. oil use. Of the total energy consumed in the U.S., more than 40 percent came from oil. More significantly, more than half of this oil is imported and is projected by the Energy Information Agency (EIA) to increase to 68 percent by 2025 [1]. The supply and price of oil have been dictated by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2002, OPEC accounted for 39 percent of world oil production and this is projected by the EIA to increase to 50 percent in 2025. Of the world's oil reserves, about 80 percent is owned by OPEC members. Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets four times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-1991, and 1999- 2000) and with each came either a recession or slowdown in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the United States. In addition, these market upheavals have cost the U.S. approximately $7 trillion (in 1998 dollars) in total economic costs [2]. Finally, it is estimated that military expenditures for defending oil supplies in the Middle East range from $6 billion to $60 billion per year [3] and do not take into account the costs of recent military operations in Iraq (i.e., Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003). At the outset of his administration in 2001, President George W. Bush established the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group to develop a national energy policy to promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for the future in order to avert potential energy crises. In the National Energy Policy report [4], the NEPD Group urges action by the President to meet five specific national goals that America must meet--''modernize conservation, modernize our energy infrastructure, increase energy supplies, accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment, and increase our nation's energy security.'' It is generally recognized that energy security can be achieved partially by reducing importation of oil from sources that are less politically stable.

Eberhardt, J.

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

451

Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

452

Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

Popescu, B.M.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Pricing statistics sourcebook. 5. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thousands of historical and current prices for crude oil, NGL, petroleum products, natural gas and electric power are presented in easy to read tables. The book includes spot, posted and future prices; prices by state and by country; and monthly and annual prices. Most monthly price series go back 25 years. This comprehensive source for energy industry prices is a must for anyone involved in planning and budgeting. The Pricing Statistics Sourcebook has all of the essential key energy price statistics needed for analysis of the US and international oil and gas industries. Also include: an appendix of IEA, OECD and OPEC member lists, conversion factors heat content of fuels; and major events affecting the oil and gas industry since 1859. The book includes a summary analysis of significant changes in key data series written by Bob Beck, Economics Editor of the Oil and Gas Journal.

NONE

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

An Analysis of the Impact of Sport Utility Vehicles in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It may be labeled sport utility vehicle, SUV, sport-ute, suburban assault vehicle, or a friend of OPEC (Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries). It has been the subject of comics, the object of high-finance marketing ploys, and the theme of Dateline. Whatever the label or the occasion, this vehicle is in great demand. The popularity of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has increased dramatically since the late 1970s, and SUVs are currently the fastest growing segment of the motor vehicle industry. Hoping to gain market share due to the popularity of the expanding SUV market, more and more manufacturers are adding SUVs to their vehicle lineup. One purpose of this study is to analyze the world of the SUV to determine why this vehicle has seen such a rapid increase in popularity. Another purpose is to examine the impact of SUVs on energy consumption, emissions, and highway safety.

Davis, S.C.; Truett, L.F.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The global energy system faces sweeping changes in the next few decades, with potentially critical implications for the global economy and the global environment. It is important that global institutions have the tools necessary to predict, analyze and plan for such massive change. This report summarizes the proceedings of an international workshop concerning methods of forecasting, analyzing, and planning for global energy transitions and their economic and environmental consequences. A specific case, it focused on the transition from conventional to unconventional oil and other energy sources likely to result from a peak in non-OPEC and/or global production of conventional oil. Leading energy models from around the world in government, academia and the private sector met, reviewed the state-of-the-art of global energy modeling and evaluated its ability to analyze and predict large-scale energy transitions.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

An Assessment of Energy and Environmental Issues Related to the Use of Gas-to-Liquid Fuels in Transportation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO2 emissions produced during the conversion process.

Greene, D.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

An assessment of energy and environmental issues related to the use of gas-to-liquid fuels in transportation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO{sub 2} emissions produced during the conversion process.

Greene, D.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

War curbs oil exports by Iran and Iraq  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A discussion of the effects of the war between Iran and Iraq on oil exports from the area covers damage (extent unknown) to the Abadan, Iran, and Basra, Iraq, oil refineries, to the Iraqi petrochemical complex under construction at Basra, to oil export terminals at Kharg Island and Mina-al-Bakr, and to other oil facilities; war-caused reductions in oil production, refining, shipping, and export, estimated at 2.05-3.35 million bbl/day; the possible effects of the war on OPEC's decisions concerning oil production and pricing; the significance of the Strait of Hormuz for the export of oil by several countries in addition to the belligerents; the U.S. and non-Communist oil stocks which might enable the world to avoid an oil shortage if the war is ended in the near future; and the long-term effects of the war on Iran's and Iraq's oil industries.

Not Available

1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

Search for a bridge to the energy future: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The alarming effects, concerns, and even the insights into long-range energy planning that grew out of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 are fading from the view of a shortsighted public. The enthusiastic initiatives taken in many countries for the development of alternative energy sources have withered due to lack of economic and/or ideological incentive. The events since December 1985, when the members of OPEC decided to increase production in an effort to capture their share of market, have brought down the prices of a barrel of crude to less than US $11 and have made any rational analysis very complex. This has made even the proponents of the alternative energy sources pause and think. The US has, as usual, oscillated from panic to complacency. The Libyan crisis, however, has brought the dangers of complacency into sharp focus. The first commercial coal gasification plant, constructed with a capital investment of over US $2 billion, was abandoned by the owners and is being operated by the US Department of Energy temporarily. In their effort to find a private owner, the US Department of Energy has set the date of auction of this prestigious plant for May 28, 1986. And if an appropriate bid is not forthcoming, the plant faces a very uncertain future. Coal, considered by the World Coal Study (WOCOL) at MIT in 1980, to be a bridge to a global energy future, seems to have lost its luster due to the oil glut which we all know is temporary. This was evident when the bill to grant the Right of Eminent Domain for transportation of coal was defeated. This conference was organized to bring together experts in different areas from various countries to discuss the state of the art and the rate of progress in different alternative energy forms. The recent accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in USSR has brought home the need of diversification of the alternative energy sources.

Saluja, S.S. (ed.)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Competitiveness of Mexican crude  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mexico is under great pressure to maintain oil export revenue levels if it is to avoid a reversal in its economic recovery program. While the country's vulnerability to a price plunge is also applicable to OPEC countries, the North Sea producers, and others, Mexico does have an ace. The ace is that its heavier, metals-ridden and sulfur-laden Maya crude, which had to be pushed on customers until about 1981, is now in strong demand. Comparisons are presented of the market value of five crude oils refined in the US Gulf Coast: West Texas Intermediate (or WTI, a 40/sup 0/ API, light), Arabian Light and Isthmus (both 34/sup 0/ medium-light), Alaska North Slope (or ANS, a 27/sup 0/ API, a medium), and Maya (22/sup 0/ API, medium-heavy). In this mix, the heavier the crude, the greater is the refining margin (except for Arabian Light, for which freight cost and product yield provide lower margins than those derived from WTI). The sacrifice by OPEC and other producers cutting crude oil prices was to the benefit to refiners' improved margins during the first half of 1983. Those cuts were on the lighter-quality oils. But prices for heavier Venezuelan, Californian, and Mexican crudes increased during the second half of 1983, due to developing refinery technologies in extracting favorable product yields from them. This issue of Energy Detente presents their fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for December 1983 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Not Available

1983-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Deconstructing Salafism in By Laurent Bonnefoy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hadi al- Wadi`i in the early 1980s around the Dar al-Hadith institute in the small town of Dammaj in Sa`da Province. Al-Wadi`i was a cleric educated in the 1960s and 1970s at various Saudi religious institutions and are stigmatized as sources of division and corruption by al-Wadi`i's followers. Apolitical Salafists typically

Boyer, Edmond

462

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudi Aramco

463

Savannah River National Laboratory Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudi

464

Scottsbluff, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudiScottsbluff,

465

Screening Tools and Guidelines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudiScottsbluff,and

466

Discussions | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, Saudi

467

Dobreve Empreendimentos e Participacoes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, SaudiDobreve

468

Domingos da Silva Teixeira SA DST | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, SaudiDobreveHome

469

Exogenous Oil Supply Shocks: How Big Are They and How Much Do They Matter for the U.S. Economy?” forthcoming: Review of Economics and Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Since the oil crises of the 1970s there has been strong interest in the question of how oil production shortfalls caused by wars and other exogenous political events in OPEC countries affect oil prices, U.S. real GDP growth and U.S. CPI inflation. This study focuses on the modern OPEC period since 1973. The results differ from the conventional wisdom along a number of dimensions. First, it is shown that under reasonable assumptions the timing, magnitude and even the sign of exogenous oil supply shocks may differ greatly from current state-of-the-art estimates. Second, the common view that the case for the exogeneity of at least the major oil price shocks is strong is supported by the data for the 1980/81 and 1990/91 oil price shocks, but not for other oil price shocks. Notably, statistical measures of the net oil price increase relative to the recent past do not represent the exogenous component of oil prices. In fact, only a small fraction of the observed oil price increases during crisis periods can be attributed to exogenous oil production disruptions. Third, compared to previous indirect estimates of the effects of exogenous supply disruptions on real GDP growth that treated major oil price increases as exogenous, the direct estimates obtained in this paper suggest a sharp drop after five quarters rather than an immediate and sustained reduction in economic growth for a year. They also suggest a spike in CPI inflation three quarters after the exogenous oil supply shock rather than a sustained increase in inflation, as is sometimes conjectured. Finally, the results of this paper put into perspective the importance of exogenous oil production shortfalls in the Middle East. It is shown that exogenous oil supply shocks made remarkably little difference overall for the evolution of U.S. real GDP growth and CPI inflation since the 1970s, although they did matter for some historical episodes. Key Words: Oil shock; war; counterfactual; oil supply; exogeneity; weak instruments. JEL: E32, C32.

Lutz Kilian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Oil imports: US energy dependence remains high after the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When Saddam Hussein sent his troops across the border into oil-rich Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990, the stage was set for yet another global oil shock. To most everyone's surprise, the gulf war's impact on oil supplies was less traumatic, in the long run, than expected. But the situation nonetheless forces the US to confront its continued dependence on oil imports. During the last major energy crisis, in 1978-1979, oil shortages resulted in higher prices and prompted Americans to save energy. Oil imports shrank. But the subsequent fall in oil prices prompted consumers to return to bigger, less-efficient cars, and oil imports climbed back up. Then Saddam plundered his neighbor, putting the torch to more than 500 Kuwaiti oil wells and sparking the US to re-examine its energy policies. This article examines the issues involved in increased U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Areas covered are history of U.S. oil dominance, postwar (WWII) import quotas, the birth of OPEC, Reagan and Bush Administration energy policies, gas mileage standards, and the future of continued dependence.

Cooper, M.H.

1991-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

471

Development of reduced crude cracking catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1974 OPEC imposed an embargo on oil to the United States and caused a rapid rise in the price of a barrel of oil. At the time of the embargo, Ashland imported a considerable portion of its oil from the Middle East, thus raising the question of oil availability. As the problem increased in severity, Messrs. George Meyer, Oliver Zandona and Llyod Busch, began to explore alternative ways of squeezing more product from a given barrel of crude. After considering many alternatives, they arrived at the innovative thought that it might be possible to catalytically crack the 1050{degree}F plus fraction of the barrel directly to gasoline which would in effect, give them an additional volume of crude oil. Also, if vacuum fractionation were eliminated and if the entire 650{degree}F plus (reduced crude) portion of the barrel processed, this would further reduce operating costs. With these objectives and some new process innovations in mind, they began reduced crude cracking experimentation in a small 12,000 B/D FCC operating unit at Louisville. It was from these goals, concepts and a small operating unit, that the RCC process was born.

Hettinger, W.P. Jr. (Ashland Petroleum Company, KY (USA))

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

Not Available

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

473

World energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Economic analysis of Western cooperation on oil: 1974-1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western cooperation on oil in the International Energy Agency (IEA) began as an effort to deter future selective oil embargoes and predatory OPEC pricing. Later, cooperation was extended to include more-general emergency-preparedness measures and collective efforts to reduce oil imports. Economic theory suggests that cooperation will lead to a more nearly optimal level of oil imports and oil stocks than action taken solely on a national basis. Nevertheless, the experience of the period between 1974 and 1980 demonstrates that cooperation is difficult to achieve. IEA countries made little progress in building oil stocks and implementing oil-import-reduction policies. They were unprepared for the Iranian oil-supply interruption and failed to take sufficiently effective steps to mitigate the effects of the interruption. A case study with several appendices reviews the agreements reached in the IEA and at annual economic summit meetings and details an evolution toward national oil-import targets a means of enforcing the discipline of oil-importing nations. Closer cooperation in oil-import reduction was slowed by burden-sharing problems. The study recommends policy measures that would enhance Western cooperation. These include market pricing and free trade of fuels, increased national oil and gas stocks, and a method of encouraging more flexible use of stocks during supply interruptions too small to trigger the formal IEA sharing system.

Larson, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Worry grows as Iran/Iraq war lingers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the Iran/Iraq war and the prospect of greater disruption of Persian Gulf oil deliveries, the international crude market has adjusted to the loss of supplies and remains stable, partly because some nonwarring members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries have boosted production to make up losses and partly because the industrialized nations have maintained high levels of crude and product stocks. These stocks would be draw-depleted in nine months if used at the rate of 1.8 million bbl/day; this and a 2 million bbl/day increase in OPEC production would make up for the entire war-caused shortfall. If the Strait of Hormuz were closed, the shortfall would be 17 million bbl/day, which would deplete stocks in less than one month. Patterns of supply and demand in non-Communist western countries in 1978-79 and 1979-80; the International Energy Agency oil-sharing plan which would go into effect in the case of a major oil shortage; and the prospects for a surge in prices in the international oil markets, are discussed.

Not Available

1980-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

476

Estimation and projection of the demand for refined petroleum products in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main purpose of this study is to construct an econometric model for estimation and projection of oil-refined products in Iran based on the situation of the Iranian energy market. Part 1 reviews the existing literature and contains the salient socio-economic futures of OPEC countries in general and of Iran in particular. Explanation of the structure of Iran's domestic energy market (demand, supply, and price) is the main purpose of this part. In Part 2, the demand function for each refined petroleum product is analyzed, formulated, and estimated. The price and income elasticities of the demands for gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and fuel oil are analyzed and compared with those of other countries. In Part 3, after analyzing and estimating the demand functions for total refined products, first, the full model, including all the estimated demand functions is dynamically simulated over the sample periods (1955-1978) in order to evaluate the performance power of the model, then the amount of consumption of each refined product for the next decade (1979-1988), under three scenarios of the rate of growth of real GNP, 9%, 7% and 5% is projected.

Kianian, S.A.; Amin, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

Kavoossi, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Economics of new MTBE design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) is produced industrially by catalytic reaction between methanol and isobutene. The catalyst that is widely used is an acidic ion exchange resin. This article explores design and economics when sulfuric acid is the catalyst. The profitability of MTBE production depends mainly on the cost of butenes and methhanol. Thus, the example shows MTBE made with a catalyst of sulfuric acid was profitable at a Saudi Arabian location, even though it was not profitable at a U.S. Gulf Coast location.

Al-Jarallah, A.M.; Lee, A.K.K.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract KOUROS ATIGHETCHI BSc, MBA,PhD Student School of Business and Management , Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK atighetchi@gmail.com This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy... with it implications. ESL-IE-07-05-29 Proceedings from the Twenty-ninth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. Finally, this model will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi...

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Sauk Centre, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Sausalito, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudiSausalito,

482

Save Energy at Home Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudiSausalito,at

483

Documents | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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484

Don Ana Sun Tower Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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485

Dong Energy London Array Limited Formerly known as CORE Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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486

U.S. Federal Facility Compliance Agreement for the Hanford Site, February 7, 1994  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation | Department of Energy S and RussiaTheIstanbul,Bodman VisitstoSaudiExpands

487

Study on B-glucosaminide syntheses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or Sub)est& Cheaiatry SAUDI OF SMLUCOSANIFIDS SZ?fRSSLS A Thesis SharaS Ri Xulharni JLpproveS as to style aa4 contest bye Chairaan of Goaaittee Feed o Departaeat AuSusti 1961 I shoeL4 1th ~ to erpress up appreciatiou to Rr ~ Bouard Ki... of the saauscript are eisserely apprecistede 1 aa grateful to the Robert R, i4eloh Fouudatioa aud the latfoual Ssieuce Fcundetioa for their )cist fiaaacial support of this ~orke TABLE GZ vvNTMTS Page a ter I Iatl 44QO tiell J ~ ~ t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 4...

Kulkarni, Sharad R

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

NORM Management in the Oil and Gas Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been established that Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) accumulates at various locations along the oil/gas production process. Components such as wellheads, separation vessels, pumps, and other processing equipment can become NORM contaminated, and NORM can accumulate in sludge and other waste media. Improper handling and disposal of NORM contaminated equipment and waste can create a potential radiation hazard to workers and the environment. Saudi Aramco Environmental Protection Department initiated a program to identify the extent, form and level of NORM contamination associated with the company operations. Once identified the challenge of managing operations which had a NORM hazard was addressed in a manner that gave due consideration to workers and environmental protection as well as operations' efficiency and productivity. The benefits of shared knowledge, practice and experience across the oil and gas industry are seen as key to the establishment of common guidance on NORM management. This paper outlines Saudi Aramco's experience in the development of a NORM management strategy and its goals of establishing common guidance throughout the oil and gas industry.

Cowie, Michael; Mously, Khalid; Fageeha, Osama; Nassar, Rafat [Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco Dhahran 31311 (Saudi Arabia)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy vulnerability relationships  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US consumption of crude oil resources has been a steadily growing indicator of the vitality and strength of the US economy. At the same time import diversity has also been a rapidly developing dimension of the import picture. In the early 1970`s, embargoes of crude oil from Organization of Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) created economic and political havoc due to a significant lack of diversity and a unique set of economic, political and domestic regulatory circumstances. The continued rise of imports has again led to concerns over the security of our crude oil resource but threats to this system must be considered in light of the diversity and current setting of imported oil. This report develops several important issues concerning vulnerability to the disruption of oil imports: (1) The Middle East is not the major supplier of oil to the United States, (2) The US is not vulnerable to having its entire import stream disrupted, (3) Even in stable countries, there exist vulnerabilities to disruption of the export stream of oil, (4) Vulnerability reduction requires a focus on international solutions, and (5) DOE program and policy development must reflect the requirements of the diverse supply. Does this increasing proportion of imported oil create a {open_quotes}dependence{close_quotes}? Does this increasing proportion of imported oil present a vulnerability to {open_quotes}price shocks{close_quotes} and the tremendous dislocations experienced during the 1970`s? Finally, what is the vulnerability of supply disruptions from the current sources of imported oil? If oil is considered to be a finite, rapidly depleting resource, then the answers to these questions must be {open_quotes}yes.{close_quotes} However, if the supply of oil is expanding, and not limited, then dependence is relative to regional supply sources.

Shaw, B.R.; Boesen, J.L.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

How can energy-efficient structures compete in an inefficient energy market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The only way resources can be efficiently allocated in our market system is if prices of resources, goods, and services properly reflect their true value to society. However, because of (a) imperfections in the pricing mechanisms that currently influence private-sector decision making; (b) the difference in planning horizons between individuals and government; and (c) the external benefits that would accrue to society from energy-conscious decision making by individuals, it is apparent that there exists a substantial underinvestment in advanced-conservation and renewable-resource building technologies. Even if domestic energy prices were deregulated to reflect world market prices (now determined by OPEC) it is likely that underinvestment in energy-conscious design would still occur. For that reason, the only way that energy-conscious design will be implemented to the extent warranted is if a concerted political commitment is made to such a program at the Federal, state, and local levels. Such a commitment is not without precedent. The experiences of Davis and San Diego, California, and the TVA exemplify the extent to which energy conservation and renewable-resource development can be carried out if political leadership and support is established. It is known that technologies and design solutions for energy-efficient buildings are available today and are cost-effective. What remains to be seen is whether the political leadership of the United States will fully recognize the sensibility of a concerted conservation and renewable-energy-resource program for buildings as opposed to continued attempts at increasing energy production to supply an energy-inefficient-building inventory. 16 references.

Noll, S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

1982 Annual Energy Review. [1960 to 1982; in some cases for a longer period  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Total energy consumption in the United States equaled 70.9 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1982, a decline of 4.1% compared to 1981. Depressed economic activity was a major factor in reducing total energy demand. However, conservation also played a role as energy consumption per dollar of GNP continued to fall. Most of the decline in energy use involved petroleum and natural gas. Reduced petroleum demand translated into a 21.7% reduction in net petroleum imports. Natural gas demand and production fell, prompted by reduced economic activity and a substantial increase in prices. Crude oil prices fell for the first time in more than a decade. Weakened market conditions adversely affected the rate of domestic oil and gas exploration and development activities. Nonetheless, domestic crude oil production rose 1.2%. International activities were highlighted by a decline in crude oil production, especially by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a decrease in crude oil prices, and a substantial increase in electricity production by nuclear-powered utility plants in non-Communist countries. Energy production in the United States in 1982 remained essentially unchanged from that of 1981, as small gains in hydroelectric power and nuclear power production were offset by losses in natural gas production. For the third straight year, energy consumption in the United States declined. Whereas declines in 1980 and 1981 resulted primarily from consumer response to higher prices and conservation, the 1982 decline reflected primarily an economic slowdown, especially in industry. Annual per capita consumption fell to 306 million Btu, the lowest level since 1967. Changes in energy prices in 1982 were mixed. Whereas most petroleum prices declined, prices of natural gas, coal, and electricity rose.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Impacts of Openness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Q1 100W – 90W N=34 Q2 90W – 80W N=50 Q3 80W – 70W N=35 40N – 48N Lat N=weather stations • Four Periods P1: 1-10 May P2 : 11-20 May P3 : 21-30 May P4 : 31 May -9 June Regions for first monarch sightings analysis Q1 Q2 Q3 First sightings and # 70...Authorities ID person of interest as Saudi national in marathon bombings, under guard at Boston hospital • By Post Staff Report • April 15, 2013 | 8:28pm • Photo: AP • Police clear the area at the finish line of the 2013 Boston Marathon. Balanced...

Peterson, A. Townsend; Lee, Steven W.; Keel, William; DeSarle, Matthew; Witczak, Andi; Taylor, Orley R.; Dandridge, Deborah; Thiel, Sarah Goodwin; Shulenburger, David E.

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

493

Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Mineral Dust Particles with Nitric Acid. A Combined CCSEM/EDX, ESEM AND ICP-MS Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heterogeneous chemistry of individual dust particles from four authentic dust samples with gas-phase nitric acid was investigated in this study. Morphology and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid were observed using conventional scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (SEM/EDX) and computer controlled SEM/EDX. Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) was utilized to investigate the hygroscopic behavior of mineral dust particles reacted with nitric acid. Differences in the reactivity of mineral dust particles from these four different dust source regions with nitric acid were observed. Mineral dust from source regions containing high levels of calcium, namely China loess dust and Saudi coastal dust, were found to react to the greatest extent.

Laskin, Alexander; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.

2005-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

494

Refiners get petchems help  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S.Refining Industry is facing hard times. Slow growth, tough environmental regulations, and fierce competition - especially in retail gasoline - have squeezed margins and prompted a series of mergers and acquisitions. The trend has affected the smallest and largest players, and a series of transactions over the past two years has created a new industry lineup. Among the larger companies, Mobil and Amoco are the latest to consider a refining merger. That follows recent plans by Ashland and Marathon to merge their refining businesses, and the decision by Shell, Texaco, and Saudi Aramco to combine some U.S. operations. Many of the leading independent refiners have increased their scale by acquiring refinery capacity. With refining still in the doldrums, more independents are taking a closer look at boosting production of petrochemicals, which offer high growth and, usually, better margins. That is being helped by the shift to refinery processes that favor the increased production of light olefins for alkylation and the removal of aromatics, providing opportunity to extract these materials for the petrochemical market. 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Wood, A.; Cornitius, T.

1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified petroleum coke characteristics as a potential technical risk. The composition of petroleum coke varies from one refinery to another. Petroleum coke characteristics are a function of the crude oil slate available at the refinery and the coker operating parameters. The specific petroleum coke characteristics at a refinery affect the design of the Gasification and Acid Gas Removal (AGR) subsystems. Knowing the petroleum coke composition provides the necessary data to proceed to the EECP Phase III engineering design of the gasification process. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience, the EECP team ranked the technical, economic, and overall risks of the petroleum coke composition related to the gasification subsystem as low. In Phase I of the EECP Project, the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery had been identified as the potential EECP site. As a result of the merger between Texaco and Chevron in October 2001, Texaco was required to sell its interest in the Motiva Enterprises LLC joint venture to Shell Oil Company and Saudi Refining Inc. To assess the possible impact of moving the proposed EECP host site to a ChevronTexaco refinery, samples of petroleum coke from two ChevronTexaco refineries were sent to MTC for bench-scale testing. The results of the analysis of these samples were compared to the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis developed for Motiva's Port Arthur Refinery. The analysis confirms that if the proposed EECP is moved to a new refinery site, the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis would have to be updated. The lower sulfur content of the two samples from the ChevronTexaco refineries indicates that if one of these sites were selected, the Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU) might be sized smaller than the current EECP design. This would reduce the capital expense of the SRU. Additionally, both ChevronTexaco samples have a higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio than the Motiva Port Arthur petroleum coke. The higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio could give a slightly higher F-T products yield from the F-T Synthesis Reactor. However, the EECP Gasification Design Basis can not be updated until the site for the proposed EECP site is finalized. Until the site is finalized, the feedstock (petroleum coke) characteristics are a low risk to the EECP project.

Abdalla H. Ali; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z