Sample records for opec afghanistan albania

  1. OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  2. albania: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East partners > Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania >...

  3. OPEC at high noon 1974-1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

  4. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  5. Determinants of official OPEC crude prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verleger, P.K. Jr.

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hypothesis of this paper is that crude oil, like any other unfinished commodity, is valued for the products derived from it; the purpose is to offer an empirical explanation for changes in the crude price charged by the members of OPEC. The model results show that the market-clearing prices reported to prevail for petroleum products on the principal petroleum spot market at Rotterdam are the primary determinants of changes in official crude prices. A systematic relationship between offical and spot prices is argued to have prevailed since 1974. An appendix clarifies five types of data required for the model. 13 references, 4 tables.

  6. Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe C.-Y. Cynthia Lin1 Abstract This paper estimates a Hotelling model of the world oil market nature of the resource, is a more appropriate model for the world oil market than a static model is. JEL

  7. Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe C.-Y. Cynthia Lin1 Abstract This paper estimates a dynamic model of the world oil market and tests over time over the period of study. JEL Classification: L71, L10, N50 Keywords: world oil market

  8. Inscrutable OPEC? : behavioral tests of the cartel hypothesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that standard statistical tests of OPEC behavior have very low power across a wide range of alternative hypotheses regarding market structure. Consequently, it is difficult, given the current availability and ...

  9. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of...

  10. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Arab Emirates. Other Non-OPEC Countries include Brazil, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands and other non-OPEC countries. Source: U.S. Energy...

  11. OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

  12. Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Kathleen

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    system in 1971 and the advent of petrodollars on world currency markets, the emergence of the Soviet Union as an oil exporter, the rise of OPEC as a regulator of oil prices and the consequent decline in the power of the seven major multinational oil...

  13. Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Kathleen

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The oil shocks of the 1970s, initiated by the first Arab oil embargo in 1973, stunned the industrialized world. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) controlled a resource that was vital to the national well-being and national...

  14. Afghanistan's energy and natural resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcome-Rawding, R.; Porter, K.C.

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a resource perspective from which to better plan the necessary steps toward the viable reconstruction and economic development of post war Afghanistan. The vast availability of natural resources affords the opportunity to formulate a framework upon which Afghanistan can grow and prosper in the future. The paper includes the following sections: Historical Overview: Thwarted Opportunities; Natural Resources: A Survey of Possibilities; The Future: Post War Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; and Conclusions: Future Energy Sources.

  15. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  16. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  17. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  18. AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

  19. Albania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004)AirwaysourceAlaskaAlaska/WindAlba,Texas:Albania:

  20. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and other non-OPEC countries. Petroleum imports from Canada have been...

  1. Afghanistan water constraints overview analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Afghanistan's already severe water supply problems are expected to intensify as Afghan refugees resettle in former conflictive zones. The report examines the technical, economic, cultural, and institutional facets of the country's water supply and suggests steps to mitigate existing and anticipated water supply problems. Chapter 2 presents information on Afghanistan's water resources, covering the country's climate, precipitation, glaciers/snow packs, and watersheds; the principal patterns of water flow and distribution; and comprehensive estimates. Chapter 3 examines water resource development in the country from 1945 to 1979, including projects involving irrigation and hydroelectric power and strategies for improving the drinking water supply.

  2. afghanistan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Afghanistan Engineering Websites Summary: ) Costa Rica 5 3 7 +66.7 -28.6(77) (90) (70) Croatia 1 1 1 0.0 0.0(111) (116) (121) Cuba 1 2 2 -50.0 -50 Report Fall 2009 Total (FT and...

  3. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  4. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  5. Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania A. Jardin1, F Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania -- The challenge of seismic exploration in fold and thrust belt settings compte plus importante des données géologiques. Abstract -- Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural

  6. Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Afghanistan is facing many challenges on its path of reconstruction and development. Among all its pressing needs, the country would benefit from the development and implementation of an energy strategy. In addition to conventional energy sources, the Afghan government is considering alternative options such as energy derived from renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal). Biomass energy is derived from a variety of sources -- plant-based material and residues -- and can be used in various conversion processes to yield power, heat, steam, and fuel. This study provides policymakers and industry developers with information on the biomass resource potential in Afghanistan for power/heat generation and transportation fuels production. To achieve this goal, the study estimates the current biomass resources and evaluates the potential resources that could be used for energy purposes.

  7. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #836: Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports

  8. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  9. Monetary explanation of inflation: the experience of three major OPEC economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darrat, A.F.

    1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes and tests empirically the monetary explanation of inflation in the case of the moderate inflationary experience of three major OPEC economies over the last two decades. The estimated model takes into account the underlying money demand relationship, and pays careful attention to the model's lag specifications. The empirical results show that the monetary model of inflation adequately explains the inflationary process in each of the countries studied. These empirical results, furthermore, are econometrically valid insofar as they are not plagued with significant simultaneous-equation bias. In addition, the estimated equations are also found to exhibit structural stability over time. 39 references, 4 tables.

  10. Modeling Policy and Agricultural Decisions in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widener, Michael J; Gros, Andreas; Metcalf, Sara; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Afghanistan is responsible for the majority of the world's supply of poppy crops, which are often used to produce illegal narcotics like heroin. This paper presents an agent-based model that simulates policy scenarios to characterize how the production of poppy can be dampened and replaced with licit crops over time. The model is initialized with spatial data, including transportation network and satellite-derived land use data. Parameters representing national subsidies, insurgent influence, and trafficking blockades are varied to represent different conditions that might encourage or discourage poppy agriculture. Our model shows that boundary-level interventions, such as targeted trafficking blockades at border locations, are critical in reducing the attractiveness of growing this illicit crop. The principle of least effort implies that interventions decrease to a minimal non-regressive point, leading to the prediction that increases in insurgency or other changes are likely to lead to worsening conditions,...

  11. Absence of a "community" and spatial invisibility: migrants from Albania in Greece and the case of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Absence of a "community" and spatial invisibility: migrants from Albania in Greece and the case light on the mode of organization of the Albanian immigration in Greece. Firstly we intend to maintain numerous than other foreigner groups in Greece, since they make up almost 58% of the total foreign

  12. BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    107 BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA OR THE SEARCH FOR A "MODERN" of the country. The dominant role of secularist elites paved the way for the "reform of Islam." This process in the organization and reform of official religious institutions. For example, it interfered in the organization

  13. Afghanistan and Iraq--$2 Trillion Dollar Graveyards of Armies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrov, Vladimir

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the projection of violent direct action in the case of Iraq and Afghanistan since 2007 through May 2011. Machine-coded events data from the free, publicly available, on-line Reuters archives was fitted to both regressor and time...

  14. afghanistan post-war governance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Poverty Alleviation Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: .S. policy tools as they play out on the ground in remote villages of Afghanistan. Those...

  15. Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

  16. Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egitto, Antoinette

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on the history, diffusion, and cultural significance of the karez, a form of traditional irrigation system, based on a case study of Maywand District in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. Remote ...

  17. The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grau, Les

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Operation Anaconda was America's first conventional battle in Afghanistan. America's first battles did not always turn out as victories. Bunker Hill, Bull Run, Kasserine Pass, Task Force Smith, the Ia Drang Valley-all were ...

  18. To be published in Gentiana Kera, Andreas Hemming & Enriketa Pandelejmoni (eds.), Historical-Anthropological Studies on Albania. Aspects of Albanian Society in the 20th Century.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    true of factions in Communist and post-Communist political life, which are described activities, in Albania as elsewhere2 . That organised crime and political factions should not be confused

  19. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and cases suspicious for tuberculosis among public health clinic patients in Afghanistan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    , and diagnostic test results were recorded. Correlates of TB-suggestive symptoms (defined as cough >2 weeks children (age 17 or under). The TB-suggestive symptoms of cough >2 weeks and / or haemoptysis were reported workers. keywords Afghanistan, tuberculosis, respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum smear accuracy

  20. The tectonic setting of Bamiyan and seismicity in and near Afghanistan for the past 12 centuries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    -western Pakistan (Ambraseys and Bilham, 2003). Written records of historical earthquakes in Afghanistan are sparse ofBamiyan we find no information in Arabic and Persian sources regarding earthquakes in its vicinity sculptured every species of bird. Outside the chamber entrance were two enormous statues in rock of the hill

  1. Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

  2. Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  3. Comparative analysis of Nigerian international oil marketing model (NIOMM) and the models of four selected OPEC members; and a proposed new model for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udeke, O.O.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study demonstrates that NIOMM has deficiencies and, as a result, has affected the progress of Nigeria's political and socio-economic development. One finding is that Nigeria is beset with ineffective planning, lack of marketing expertise, and inadequate marketing strategies. Other findings show that: (1) the Nigerian oil industry (HOI) is suffering from mismanagement stemming from corruption, tribalism, Federal Character Policy, and lack of dedication and patriotism by the Nigerian workers; (2) there is inefficiency in the Nigerian national petroleum corporation (NNPC) but, at the same time, the inefficiency is partly because of the government policies, conflicts, interference by high government officials and politicians, and the enormous size of the oil industry; (3) oil revenues are improperly utilized; (4) neither the multinational oil corporations (MNOCs) nor multinational corporations (MNCs) are assisting the oil producing nations (OPNs) or developing countries (DCs) in their economic development, and MNOCs and MNCs are interested in profit maximization; and (5) MNCs do not transfer the type of technology that meets the needs of DCs, and sometimes the technology creates problems for DCs which ultimately results into conflicts between MNCs and DCs. The inverse of these problems has been a sine qua non for success in the IOMMs of the four OPEC member, especially in Saudi Arabia.

  4. m a x w e l l s c h o o l Deborah alexanDer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    of Macedonia, and participated in elections oversight in Bosnia-Herzegovina. As the U.S. Embassy's senior programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Nigeria, and Afghanistan. When a 7.6- magnitude earthquake hit

  5. anexo 5e produccion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    missing from the sample, because of unavailability of data, are: Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia 198 Eyx''i5e'vyQsw...ve''syxpy'''riEsxs9P33D'ytig'' F.Arqueros 1 ,...

  6. International 31st March 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    Canary Islands Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Ceuta Chad Chile Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua / Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Ascension Island Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas

  7. All Students Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    ) (Rank) (Rank) (1 Year) (5 Years) #12;Bosnia-Herzegovina 3 2 0 +50.0 -(90) (100) - Botswana 0 3 4 -100

  8. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /01 12/31 $131 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 01/01 12/31 $136 AUSTRALIA DARWIN, NORTHERN TERRITORY 04/01 09/30 $142 ARMENIA [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $92 ASCENSION ISLAND ASCENSION ISLAND 01/01 12/31 $22 AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 01/01 12/31 $157 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 01/01 12/31 $128 AUSTRALIA BROOME 01/01 12/31 $137 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 01

  9. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 1-Jan 31-Dec $147 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 1-Jan 31-Dec $178 APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 C1 - 1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 1-Jan 31-Dec $144 AUSTRALIA BROOME 1

  10. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Seventh of Tir N 13 Islamic Republic of Iran Abadan Oil Refining Company Abadan Oil Refining Co. N 14) Ltd PetroIran PEDCO National Iranian Oil Company - PEDCO M,N 8 United Arab Emirates Qualitest FZE N / 32 #12;12 Islamic Republic of Iran 7th of Tir 7th of Tir Complex 7th of Tir Industrial Complex 7th

  11. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group Ammunition Industries Group

  12. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Republic of Iran Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group

  13. HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, RB Vietnam Yemen, Rep. Zambia Zimbabwe #12;

  14. The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

  15. Marketingsolutions forAfghanistan'sfirst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    " produced by Nordland Papier, a company certified under ISO14001 environmental management systems mobile devices were just beyond it, IT professionals everywhere could see what lay ahead. The future. In a technology environment where the only constant is change, one thing is certain: it's a whole new ball game

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

  17. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1983...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

  19. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(2) | OPEC(3) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

  20. Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Army Reserve called a "combat safety officer," I wondered who would have to tell people in combat to be safe. It seemed pretty self-evident, especially to this OSHA...

  1. Afghanistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) | OpenInformationAffinity WindMaps

  2. Afghanistan-NREL Mission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobe

  3. aquaculture tirana albania: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Aquaculture Page 1 of 6 Syllabus Aquaculture Biol-Mari 3600.03 Fall 2009 Course Information 3680, E-mail:...

  4. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing...

  5. Albania-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEEAisin Seikiand Telephone CoStatutes: TitleAlbaTERN

  6. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwikiAgoura Hills,OesteAkrongProject(EC-LEDS) | Open

  7. Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400,Information Administration2 U.S.and Winter Fuels85) December08

  8. Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of Energy Score MaturityofDepartment of1: March3:

  9. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof Energy 1:Petroleum Imports |

  10. Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Site EnvironmentalEnergySafelyVirtual Toolkit SpringImpactsHeat Pumpthe Blue

  11. As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you'reInc.: FederalInter‐stage Pipingthe

  12. As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments from Tarasa U.S.LLC |AquionMr. EdwardArticle 29

  13. Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretaryVideosSpringout by electricSteven Chu as SuccessorProduction

  14. afghanistan reconstruction teams: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    callfreq Indirect firecallfreq Air supportcallfreq Confirm disazimuth Notional security AA location PIR ROE Adjacent units Pyrosmoke FragsAT-4 Binos Test fire...

  15. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council (ICC), Building Officials and Code AdministratorsCouncil (ICC), Building Officials and Code Administratorsof Building Officials, and Southern Building Code Congress

  16. Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) | OpenInformationAffinity WindMaps and

  17. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets - OpenEI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWind Inc. Place:AerospatialeAffton,Datasets

  18. ahmadu bello university: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East partners > Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania >...

  19. Energy price changes and the induced revaluation of durable capital in U.S. manufacturing during the OPEC decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When energy prices increased suddenly and unexpectedly in 1973-74 and 1979-80, a portion of the long-lived capital stock in U.S. manufacturing was rendered economically less valuable. In this paper we develop an analytical ...

  20. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartmentLast Ten Years |EnergyPetroleum

  1. albania cross-sectional study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    derived by taking into account the pairing-blocking effect for a p-wave neutron, reproduces the s-wave pole close to the 9Li+n threshold and strongly enhances...

  2. ENROLLED WSU UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Russia 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Salvador 1 47 Ukraine 1 14 Germany 4 48 United Arab Emirates 6 15 India 10 49 United Kingdom 6 16 Indonesia

  3. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

  4. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Pub

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    for petroleum and other liquids can be summarized in four broad categories: the economics of non-OPEC petroleum liquids supply; OPEC investment and production decisions; the...

  6. Jennifer Tishler Page 1 11/3/2009 H:\\Grants and Fellowships\\Funding Resources for REECAS_2009.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    research for at least three months in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia Language Training Program provides language training in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia

  7. albanian maternity hospital: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    several Slavic loanwords. These can be found in Geg in the north (northern Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, southern Serbia, western Macedonia), Tosk in the south (southern Albania......

  8. albanian pregnant women: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    loanwords. These can be found in Geg in the north (northern Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, southern Serbia, western Macedonia), Tosk in the south (southern Albania......

  9. || Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    ...............................................................................................................................................12 Basis of two OPEC factions and two U.S. policies

  10. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Catholique de Louvain 26.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA

  11. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ://www.ugent.be BELGIUM Université Catholique de Louvain 26.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA

  12. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Brussel 08.03.2013 http://www.vub.ac.be/ #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University

  13. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://pages.albaniaonline.net/ut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Sarajevo 11

  14. International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

  15. ICE CONSORTIUM Universit degli Studi di Genova UNIGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Università degli Studi di

    , the Western Balkan countries (i.e. Albania, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244

  16. Universit degli Studi di Genova Anno accademico 2013-14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Università degli Studi di

    Nziecky Bruslin Christ Congo Plaku Besin Albania Rabby Farhad Ben Ahamed Bangladesh Richard Jude Nigeria

  17. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  18. afghanistan 2005-2006 perspectives: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Open learner models, communication, multiple users. 1 Introduction Open learner models (OLM) are learner models that are accessible Bull, Susan First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5...

  19. afghanistan promises visa-free: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accepted that it serves as a source of turbulent viscosity in accretion disks -- the most energy efficient objects in the Universe. However it is very difficult to bring this...

  20. Land Doktoranden Wissenschaftler Afghanistan 925,00 1.150,00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    .400,00 Elfenbeinküste / Cote D´Ivoire 800,00 975,00 Eritrea 775,00 950,00 #12;Estland 225,00 275,00 Fidschi 1.225,00 1.050,00 1.300,00 Korea 875,00 1.100,00 #12;Korea, DVR (Nord) 875,00 1.100,00 Kosovo 250,00 325,00 Kroatien

  1. Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Querze, Alana Renee

    2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    -building. For example, COIN strategists stress propaganda, political stability, security for citizens, and the minimization of the use of force. Strategists are also concerned with ending any international support insurgents may be receiving from abroad (in the form...

  2. Region Country Year Name Employer Current Title Discipline Specialty Western Afghanistan 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Environmental Management Environment, Sustainable Energy, Disaster Risk Management Asia, South Bangladesh 2004 America, South Bolivia 2012 Ms. Maria Esther Arrien Anez Repsol YPF E&P Bolivia S.A. Environmental License Technician Environmental Studies Environmental Law America, South Bolivia 2005 Ms Mónica Claudia Castro

  3. Afghanistan Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS Data -

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWind Inc.

  4. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is how responsive the demand of oil from OPEC in the oil-caused the import demand of oil from OPEC coun- tries toincrease in global demand for crude oil from 2000 to 2008,

  5. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crudein predicting quarterly real oil price change. variable real

  6. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day Forecast -0.9 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2013 -1...

  9. Structural Change, Impacts and Opportunities For Concrete Pavement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formed Asia (excluding Japan) = 20% world Oil Demand OPEC Induced Energy Crisis New Reality: Emphasis on LDC's & Demand Side Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side #12;Asphalt &Oil Price Correlation (excluding Japan) = 20% world Oil Demand Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side New Reality: Emphasis

  10. Increasing Electricity Trading and Environmental Sustainability in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    · Montenegro · Albania · Kosovo GPRI MMAK Electrification Project 3 Phase 0: Goal · Goal: Produce a prototype 29.5-37.6Billi on Scope: Albania, B&H, Bulgaria, Croatia, UNMIK, FYRM, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia

  11. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Singapore 22 Thailand 23 Vietnam 28 Europe 320 Albania 5 Armenia 1 Austria 8 Azerbaijan 6 Belgium 1 Bosnia

  12. aga khan university: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East partners > Polytechnic...

  13. Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

  14. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS AFGHANISTAN Kabul University 07.04.2008 http://www.ku.edu.af

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.sophia.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Farabi Kazakh National University 21.12.2006 http://www.kazsu.kz #12;KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh

  15. Low Light Imaging for Power Outage and Fire Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    = green 2003 = red Kazakhstan Tajikhstan Afghanistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Kyrgyzstan #12;1992 = blue

  16. 17/03/2010 16:03IRIN Global | GLOBAL: Is humanitarianism genetic? | Asia East Africa ...Zambia Zimbabwe | In Brief Health & Nutrition Aid Policy | News Item Page 1 of 2http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=88437

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Andy

    : Is humanitarianism genetic? MADAGASCAR: A year of crisis AFGHANISTAN: Marjah residents take stock after offensive

  17. April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    , Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

  18. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  19. Incorporating stakeholders' perspectives into models of new technology diffusion: The case of fuel-cell vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collantes, Gustavo O

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sustained increases in oil demand from growing economies.increasing global demand for oil and changing consumerdemand, and the OPEC may exercise its power to affect oil

  20. Highlights

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of product dominated world oil markets. Opening the year, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) initiated a new program of production quotas that...

  1. Highlights

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    decreased draws on crude oil stocks, which in turn affected prices. Plentiful wellhead production, particularly in Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations,...

  2. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices across international mar- kets. In response to the situation, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) voted to raise the group's production quotas by 1.5...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    man Alan Greenspan, and concern about compliance by participants to an Organization of Petroleum Ex- porting Countries (OPEC)-sponsored production cut agreements contributed to...

  4. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPEC Net Export Revenues West Texas Intermediate Price Inand coordinate members’ West Texas Intermediate Price ($/Oil-Export Revenues and West Texas Intermediate Price, 1975–

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule RFS Renewable Fuels Standard EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration RPS...

  6. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries EIA U.S. Energy...

  7. TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2. PAD District II-Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a (Thousand Barrels) January-July 2004 Arab OPEC ......

  8. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Food and Agriculture - Biofuels: Prospects, risks andand D. Zilberman. Are Biofuels the Culprit: OPEC, Food, andmodel. In Symposium on Biofuels in Developing Countries:

  9. The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimah, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

  10. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    develop stable fiscal policies and investment regimes that encourage resource development. OPEC nations increase production, achieving approximately a 46-percent market...

  11. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions...

  12. World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

  13. azione delle equazioni: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti&Carta L. da ardere e...

  14. algali tossiche delle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti&Carta L. da ardere e...

  15. aspetti igienico-sanitari delle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti&Carta L. da ardere e...

  16. agrofuels nella politica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti&Carta L. da ardere e...

  17. CONSORTIUM MEMBERS EU Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heermann, Dieter W.

    coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East Foundation, Belgium > University of Tuzla, Bosnia & Herzegovina > Roma Virtual Network, Israel > University

  18. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

  19. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  20. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  1. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

  2. Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  3. Nik Qafoku | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science, Research and Training, Government of the Republic of Albania, Ministry of Agriculture and Food (1992-1993); Senior Advisor for Agriculture and Food, the Cabinet of the...

  4. Essays on Political Economy of Religion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Macedonia Vote percentage Montenegro Germany Year Source:Lithuania Spain-UC Ireland Spain-LC Albania MontenegroSlovakia Montenegro Czech Republic-LC Denmark Liberal

  5. active sedimentary wedges: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Albania for the last 300 years The identification and separation of climatic and human impacts on the environment represent one of the main have been clearly modified by...

  6. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ireland of korea albania malta egypt greece slovakia canadaestonia sweden slovakia malta australia ireland latvia japanazerbaijan turkey algeria malta algeria singapore italy

  7. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  8. Country Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

  9. JEFFREY D. SACHS Harvard University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to hold only in the short run, and they disappear a few years after the 1973 oil price increase. Moreover in the exchange rate? Answers to the first question have tended to focus on OPEC price increases and sur- pluses on the effects of OPEC price increases on macroeconomic adjustment in the world economy, in collaboration

  10. WORKING PAPER N 2013 11 The Grey Paradox: How Oil Owners Can Benefit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Fossil Fuels, GlobalWarming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD, Fossil Fuels, Global Warming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC. JEL Classication: H21, H23, Q31, Q38, Q41, Q of fossil-fuel owners de- pends on the characteristics of their fossil fuels (recoverable reserves

  11. World Oil: Market or Mayhem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2013 2014 2015 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC World Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production Growth...

  13. Accountable to beneficiaries? : the modern development enterprise & its contractors at war : lessons on accountability from Afghanistan to inform the contracting reform agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Huma

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis will review the most relevant existing and proposed accountability mechanisms for private development and security contractors coming out of the human rights, public administration and anti-corruption fields. ...

  14. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    found in the study: Acetone, Acrolein**, Benzene, Carbon Disulfide, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloromethane, Toluene Acrolein and Hexachlorobutadiene were occasionally detected far above the MEG ratio--over 1800 percent above the MEG for Acrolein and over 500 percent above the MEG for Hexachlorobutadiene. Plaintiffs

  15. Presupposing Mandy Simons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    -cleft construction, illustrated in (3): (3) It was (wasn't) President Obama who went to Afghanistan. The speaker of this sentence appears to take for granted that some salient individual went to Afghanistan, and to be making

  16. Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Western Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and Sri Lanka, and hopes to strengthen political co-operation further

  17. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    It was at this point that OPEC set in motion its price band mechanism. This price control plan involves monitoring a 20-day aver- age of seven key crude oil streams. If the...

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of 2011. Figure DataThe AEO2011 Reference case also includes signifi cant long-term potential for supply from non-OPEC producers. In several resource-rich regions (including...

  19. For a "Little Scrap of Paper" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  20. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  1. Microsoft Word - Test4.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    that several OPEC members had agreed to production quotas. West Texas crude oil prices did display some price volatility early in the week before closing at 16.80 per...

  2. Quantifying the causes of the global food commodity price crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, G; Rajagopal, D; Timilsina, G; Zilberman, D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D, Zilberman D. Are biofuels the culprit: OPEC, food, and2008. [10] Rosegrant M. Biofuels and grain prices: impactsMeeting the mandate for biofuels: implications for land use,

  3. TABLE39.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9. PAD Districts IV and V-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a PAD District V PAD District IV July 2004 Non OPEC ......

  4. TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8. PAD District III-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a July 2004 Arab OPEC ... 59,350 2,586 584 0 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  5. Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Weimer, D.L. (1984) Oil prices shock, market response,OPEC behavior and world oil prices (pp. 175-185) London:many decades. Recent high oil prices have caused oil-holding

  6. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  7. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produce 42% of the crude-oil production. The organizationfuel prices and crude-oil production but increase overallcrude oil during the same period. Although prices more than qua- drupled, OPEC production

  8. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Non-OPEC*** 3,407 ***includes but not limited to Angola, Colombia, Russia, China, Norway and United Kingdom. 175.60 billion barrels U.S. PADD V 4.85 billion barrels U.S. PADD...

  9. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC ... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ... 3,980 424 0 0 13...

  10. The outlook for US oil dependence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Jones, D.W.; Leiby, P.N.

    1995-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Market share OPEC lost in defending higher prices from 1979-1985 is being steadily regained and is projected to exceed 50% by 2000. World oil markets are likely to be as vulnerable to monopoly influence as they were 20 years ago, as OPEC regains lost market share. The U.S. economy appears to be as exposed as it was in the early 1970s to losses from monopoly oil pricing. A simulated 2-year supply reduction in 2005-6 boosts OPEC revenues by roughly half a trillion dollars and costs the U.S. economy an approximately equal amount. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve appears to be of little benefit against such a determined, multi-year supply curtailment either in reducing OPEC revenues or protecting the U.S. economy. Increasing the price elasticity of oil demand and supply in the U.S. and the rest of the world, however, would be an effective strategy.

  11. Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per barrel from the previous Friday at 30.25 per barrel, or 5.22 per MMBtu, despite the development of more uncertainty surrounding the outcome of the June 21 OPEC ministerial...

  12. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from oil produc- tion and domestic consumption. Using dataoil revenues due to the introduction of biofuels by increasing domestic fuel consumptionon Gasoline Consumption OPEC U.S. cents per liter All Oil-

  13. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per liter equals the retail price of gasoline in the Unitedgasoline prices in non-OPEC countries were 1.04 USD per liter, including an average base retail price

  14. Who Are the Major Players Supplying the World Oil Market?

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy in Brief article on the world supply of oil through ownership of national oil companies and, for some governments, their membership in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

  15. 1 EUROSURVEILLANCE Vol . 13 Issues 79 JulSep 2008 www.eurosurveillance.org E uro roun du p s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Russia, Serbia and Slovenia in the EU, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Norway, Russia and Switzerland, a questionnaire was sent to all 30 members

  16. United Nations General Assembly First Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    and potential candidates, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, the European Union is on the ground, as military, police or civilian presence, in Bosnia, Aceh, Iraq

  17. On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    , 1995). At the beginning of the 1990s, the situation changed abruptly with the discovery in Libya (Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey) and all

  18. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage,189 Application Volume and Admission Rates 5-Year History Albania Algeria Australia Bolivia Botswana Brazil

  19. Adv. Geosci., 14, 6973, 2008 www.adv-geosci.net/14/69/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of Tirana, Albania and the Geomagnetic Institute of Grocka, Beograd, Serbia. The main target of the MEM in the frequencies domain, and fourteen orders of mag- nitude in the energy domain (Lanzerotti et al., 1990). Tak

  20. alleviate tribal poverty: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Poverty Alleviation Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: .S. policy tools as they play out on the ground in remote villages of Afghanistan. Those...

  1. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  2. Climate Change and National Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Afghanistan with portable solar panels, and increase theon July 30, 2010. The solar panels power ra- dios, laptopduring testing of solar energy panels at Twen- tynine Palms,

  3. 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 www.schulich.ucalgary.ca FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    (WLED) lighting solutions powered by renewable energy to the world's poor in ecologically sensitive including Afghanistan, Bolivia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Guatemala, India

  4. Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010)............................22-25 Web-Based CPP Training Module............................26-27 Shopping in Egypt

  5. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  6. What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    to demand and supply reactions. "The Coal Age didn't end because producers ran out of coal !!" OIL PRICE VS1 What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith Cary M. Maguire Chair in Oil & Gas Management Critical Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40

  7. BOOK REVIEW: To appear in Middle East Journal (MEJ) Summer 2010 International Relations of the Persian Gulf,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    's suddenly pumping far above its OPEC quota, killing the price of oil as Iraq's massive war debt was coming-war relationship with Saddam, its new anti-Iran ally. "What drove American policy for most of the period under study was the US interest in the Persian Gulf oil." [p. 12] Yet, in US decisions to engage in armed

  8. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for gasoline, diesel and other petroleum products. This chapter provides an overview of world oil trends agreements on export routes have limited development. Petroleum production in the United States, including half of petroleum supplies to the United States. OPEC petroleum production also increased in 1994

  9. The issue of 'Adverse Effects and the Impacts of Response Measures' in UNFCCC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    of emission reduction activities on energy exporting countries. In negotiations the Organisation of Petroleum. This paper explores the political, economic and legal dimensions of this interlocked adverse effects to the impacts of climate change. This suggests that tacit G77-China support for OPEC's position may therefore

  10. Thomas W. O'Donnell, Ph.D. Biographical Sketch Dr. Thomas W. O'Donnell is an expert in the political economy and geopolitics of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    in the political economy and geopolitics of the global energy sector, especially petroleum. He writes and speaks, and on the energy geopolitics of the U.S., China, and EU. Dr. O'Donnell is part-time Faculty at The New School widely on OPEC and other energy-producing states of Latin America and of the Middle East

  11. 1 Executive Summary EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are contained in OPEC countries. The long-term demand forecasts of the International Energy Agency (IEA) suggest in China, which exceeds the current rate of production. If demand grows faster than produc- tion capacity that oil prices have been volatile as a result of a variety of geo-political events, especially those

  12. The Global Economy and Changes in the Determinants of Cross-National Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Theresa M.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    economic changes,stemming from the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the OPEC oil crisis in 1973 and 1974, occurred in the global economy. Data from two cohorts of countries are used to test these theories. The first cohort contains thirty...

  13. A methodology for assessing the market benefits of alternative motor fuels: The Alternative Fuels Trade Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leiby, P.N.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a modeling methodology for examining the prospective economic benefits of displacing motor gasoline use by alternative fuels. The approach is based on the Alternative Fuels Trade Model (AFTM). AFTM development was undertaken by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a longer term study of alternative fuels issues. The AFTM is intended to assist with evaluating how alternative fuels may be promoted effectively, and what the consequences of substantial alternative fuels use might be. Such an evaluation of policies and consequences of an alternative fuels program is being undertaken by DOE as required by Section 502(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Interest in alternative fuels is based on the prospective economic, environmental and energy security benefits from the substitution of these fuels for conventional transportation fuels. The transportation sector is heavily dependent on oil. Increased oil use implies increased petroleum imports, with much of the increase coming from OPEC countries. Conversely, displacement of gasoline has the potential to reduce US petroleum imports, thereby reducing reliance on OPEC oil and possibly weakening OPEC`s ability to extract monopoly profits. The magnitude of US petroleum import reduction, the attendant fuel price changes, and the resulting US benefits, depend upon the nature of oil-gas substitution and the supply and demand behavior of other world regions. The methodology applies an integrated model of fuel market interactions to characterize these effects.

  14. www.electricitypolicy.org.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    weakly sensitive to fluctuations in uranium market prices. This is in complete contrast to natural gas years. As a consequence of the nature of the economic risks, operational nuclear power plants are more weapons · The availability of major reserves of non-OPEC oil and natural gas · The development of highly

  15. 73-428/19-624 The Transformation of Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    . Why are markets for oil and natural gas considered to be "well-functioning," while electricity markets will consider markets for, and the technological idiosyncrasies of, petroleum, natural gas, and electricity and natural gas, the rise and fall of OPEC, power systems engineering and economics, and the special problems

  16. David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Modern Life with Sustainable Energy Presents an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    (Energy Information Administration) Oil Reserves Reported by OPEC Countries and relying on oil companies isn't much better 250 200 150 100 50 0 ProvedCrudeOilReserves(BillionBarrels) 200520001995199019851980 Year Saudi Arabia Iraq United Arab Emirates Iran Mexico #12;David Cahen, 10 / 2009 Energy "Reserves

  17. Cellulose and Biomass Conversion Technology and Its Application to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    have risen markedly over the last few years.' Because OPEC con- trols about 75% of tbe world's oil re-carbon sugar that has historically been more difficult to con- 68 FUEL REFORMULATION vert into useful products,700 million dry tons of cellulosic biomass per year at prices from $20-70 per dry ton." 10 This quantity

  18. Monetary compensations in climate policy through the lens of a general equilibrium assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and the Organization of the Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC) that these concerns have been officially acknowledged transfers raise questions about both their amount and their efficiency for sustaining economic activity. The first question relates to the evaluation of climate policy losses in oil-exporting countries, which

  19. Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented herein is the history of 'Energy Conservation at the Westinghouse R&D Center' from the time of the OPEC crisis to the present and forecasts of our intended programs for the next few years. The energy and fuel saved from 1973 to 1977...

  20. Contaminants in Naturally Ventilated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    ? 1973 OPEC Oil Crisis 1970s/80s - Sick Building Syndrome Bad planning = Many good ideas died 2007 - Can main motivation)- particularly for low energy ones! #12;Low Energy Buildings - Who Cares? + + = Buildings account for 48% of all energy used #12;Who cares some more? + = Buildings account for more than 50

  1. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    , Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

  2. Power Plays & Capacity Constraints: The Selection of Defendants in WTO Disputes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    US * Bangladesh is the only LDC to have participated in DSU1995-1997 and LI from 1998-2002. LDC S 68 Afghanistan AngolaZambia To qualify as an LDC a country must have a gross

  3. POWER PLAYS & CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS: THE SELECTION OF DEFENDANTS IN WTO DISPUTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    US * Bangladesh is the only LDC to have participated in DSU1995-1997 and LI from 1998-2002. LDC S 68 Afghanistan AngolaZambia To qualify as an LDC a country must have a gross

  4. Optimization-based routing and scheduling of IED-detection assets in contemporary military operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Christopher E. (Christopher Edward)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, have become a familiar and lethal part of contemporary military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, producing more casualties than any other weapons system. One reason for their success ...

  5. International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011 Pastoralism in Central Asia: Status, Challenges of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan, as well as those in eastern Afghanistan, western China

  6. Office of the Vice President for Research Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    challenges Boosting agriculture in Afghanistan, saving maize from mold, turning flora into fuel 10 Discovery to the world. The issues we face here are simultaneously global and local. Hunger. Disease. Poverty. Climate

  7. Umpqua Energy, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    resistance to corrosion make it ideal for use in a variety of parts - from components for artificial limbs - like those used by wounded veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan...

  8. Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000 population Afghanistan Cook China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

  9. Search All NYTimes.com OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry, insisted that President Obama's revised war strategy will "build support operations. Its lethal agents are being systematically hunted down, while those Muslims whose souls it seeks

  10. SRR Staff Send the Holidays to Soldiers Overseas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A request for razors from a U.S. Army private serving in Afghanistan transformed into a full-scale holiday gift rescue operation by employees of the Savannah River Site’s liquid waste contractor,...

  11. Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

  12. Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

  13. 17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy

    The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

  14. Computational modeling of primary blast effects on the human brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there have been over 250,000 diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the U.S. military, with the majority of incidents caused by improvised explosive ...

  15. The impact of individual-, unit-, and enterprise-level factors on psychological health outcomes : a system dynamics study of the U.S. military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Judy Y. H

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological health issues have emerged as a signature pathology of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the full continuum of care in the U.S. military for ...

  16. Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Millicent

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

  17. A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 2.5. Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive ordnance disposalcited 14 May 2009]. [54] Spc. Jonathan Montgomery. EodAfghanistan [36]”. Figure 2.5: Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive

  18. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  19. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    would be a reemergence of Kurdistan during World War II,the genocides in Iraqi Kurdistan, the former Yugoslavia, orAfghanistan, Somaliland, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Angola all had

  20. Stakeholder characteristics in rapid acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Michael J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of Joint Urgent Operational Needs has exploded with the Global War on Terror and the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. The challenge to smaller urgent programs is the programs are not large enough to obtain top ...

  1. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HARWOOD MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    -localisation 4. A case study: CSR of de-localised Italian companies in Romania 5. Conclusions 1. INTRODUCTION, Romania, Bosnia, Albania,... (FAO, 2000) Industrial Districts (IDs) = spontaneous local networks of SMEs functions SMEs de-localisation in Romania: driving forces · Reduced production costs · Support

  2. Attivit illegali nella gestione delle risorse forestali

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti.872 0 0 1.872 0 0 Bosnia Erzegovina 30% - 50% 25.047 397 217.196 12.524 199 108.598 7.514 119 65

  3. To obtain the degree of DOCTOR OF UNIVERSITY OF GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the present thesis is focused on the South Balkan extensional region using Global Positioning System (GPS in the context of present-day tectonic block models. The geodynamic processes in the region of South-western catalogue. This study has allowed distinguishing a western Albania affected by westward motions relative

  4. NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

  5. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  6. The effects of climate change and extreme weather events on land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in June 2009 ranked Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Albania as the"most vulnerable to climate change"of 28 countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The present policy brief examines Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan are especially vulnerable to the risks of climate change. Their widely degraded landscapes

  7. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  8. New policy imperatives for energy producers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R.; El Mallakh, D.H. (eds.)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conferences sponsored by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development are organized toward increasing the understanding of the multifaceted problems in energy - economic, technical, and political - that confront not just the consuming industrial powers but the developing OPEC and non-OPEC producers and, in particular, the Third World countries whose plight is extreme. All types were represented at this 6th conference, and the 21 papers mirror the diversity of ideas and, at the same time, the very real areas where cooperation and coordination are clearly both possible and desirable. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); one abstract was selected for Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

  9. The bears come out for summer: A world awash in oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this issue, Energy Detente examines near term oil price and supply prospects. World oil prices have plunged over the last eight weeks to their lowest levels since 1991. This can be attributed to low world oil demand and bearish speculation on world oil markets that the on-again off-again oil export negotiations between Iraq and the United Nations may result in limited amounts of Iraqi crude being added to already swollen oil supplies. To recessionary economics in consuming countries, trends to raise taxes and reduce fuel price subsidies in many countries, and rising costs of environmental protection, producers also scrutinize a concerned Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC's reactive potentials are heightened in a period of such market uncertainities.

  10. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  11. Industrial Energy Efficiency Achieving Success in a Difficult Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castellow, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continue to pace energy prices overall. As history shows, oil prices are subject to many market forces outside of supply and demand. In Carter?s era, the factor that drove prices to historic highs was the Arab Oil Embargo. It was subsequently driven... down to levels that could not have been predicted at the time by supply market issues as the OPEC nations, especially Saudi Arabia, changed major production policies. In 2008 new historically high oil prices resulted from the influence...

  12. How One Utility is Building Industrial Consumer Relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, D. E.

    HOW ONE UT1~ITY IS BUILDING INDUSTRIAL CONSUMER RELATIONSHIPS DONALD E. HAMILTON Manager-Industrial Services and Cogeneration Gulf States Utilities Company Beaumont, Texas COMPETITION AND THE UTILITY INDUSTRY The refining and petrochemical... in the eighties: depletion of old low cost oil and gas fields within the United States, the formation of OPEC, a run-up in oil and gas prices, leveling of demand in the petrochemical industry, the transfer of substantial wealth from industrial to oil...

  13. Impact of United States international wheat policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Dean

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; and the OPEC grouP. Developed importers consist of centrally planned and non-centrally planned countries. With the exception of Argentina, all major exporters are developed na t ious. Each of these world economic sectors has a different idea of what... with the poorer developing countries, however, this group has a rapidly growing population. Consequently, they are looking for sure supplies that can meet this expanding need -- again, at low, stable prices. Although Argentina currently supplies Latin America...

  14. World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both "above ground" and "below ground" factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. The Energy Information Administration will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

  15. Subjects: Trematoda And Trematode Diseases, Part 5: Supergenera And Genera H-M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Roach, Katharine F.; Farr, Marion M.; Breen, Virginia L.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (R. ridibunda, R. dalmatina; lungs; Albania). --Shtrom, ?. ?. , 1935a, 225, 252(R. escu- lenta; lung s ;Stalina bad, Gissar);1940a, 197, 2 16(R. esculenta ridibunda;Kirghisia). -- Sinitsin, D. F , 1905a, 137-140; 1906a, 686 (Colopteryx virgo...(Witen- berg, 1923), Haematotrephus kossacki (Witenberg, 1923) Corpopyrum w i 1 s o ? i (Harrah, 1922), Cyclocoelum wilsoni Har- rah, 1922, C. nebularium (Khan, 1935), Cyclocoelum triangularum Harrah, 1922, Wardianum triangularum (Harrah, 1922...

  16. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  17. Salute to Service: Sustainability and National Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    of Defense, the world's largest institutional consumer of fossil fuels. From Afghanistan to Fort Huachuca, the DoD is aggressively shrinking its carbon footprint and moving toward biofuels, solar, and other. sustainability series The Sustainability Series is presented by ASU's Global Institute of Sustainability. RSVP

  18. The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967) Beyond Ghor (Afghanistan) there was a city. All its inhabitants were blind. A king with his entourage to understand and see this great beast, and some sightless from among this blind community ran like fools

  19. University of New Orleans Office of Research and Sponsored Programs Weekly Funding Opportunities June 9, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    .S. Agency for International Development (USAID); Afghanistan USAID-Kabul: Family Planning, Maternal, Newborn to strengthen and enhance existing primary care services provided through the Ministry of Public Health's (Mo Collaborative Research Partnerships (CRP) to advance science and technology important to understanding

  20. Agreements --Asia 51 52 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .02 Kyrgyzstan 111,700 9.07 Afghanistan 104,900 8.52 Turkmenistan 70,000 5.68 China 1,900 0.15 Pakistan 200 0 of the region March 26, 1993 Amu Darya, Aral Sea, Syr Darya Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikstan; Turkmenistan

  1. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  2. This article was downloaded by: [Universitaire De Lausanne] On: 05 November 2013, At: 00:41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawecki, Tadeusz J.

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall; final version received 26 April 2013) The Zarudny's rock shrew, Crocidura zarudnyi Ognev, 1928, is found in very few localities in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. Therefore, a record of the occurrence

  3. D I G E S T Public Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    . Kodack 39 Wind tunnels at NASA Langley being removed by FRP, by Debra Valine 40 Renewable energy projects-of-year report, by Gregg Chislett 6 Afghanistan Engineer District-South ends 2011 on high note, by Karla Marshall 2011, by Rachel Goodspeed 16 Sustainable, energy-efficient communities start with great planning

  4. Experts Offer Marines Energy-Efficiency Advice

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As an early adopter of cutting-edge technologies, the United States military is pioneering energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies in the field. Recently, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps sent a team to visit bases and camps in Afghanistan to assess and make recommendations on the supply and use of energy and water.

  5. U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

  6. The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010 Version: 28apr10a Syllabus: Geopolitics of Global Oil Graduate Program in International Affairs Development Concentration: Spring 2010 Description: What's oil's role in the Iraq war, the Iran nuclear crisis, in Afghanistan

  7. Comprehensible Knowledge Discovery: Gaining Insight from Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pazzani, Michael J.

    to France, unless France ceased nuclear testing in the South Pacific. France paid a higher price to buy price to buy grain from Argentina and did not withdraw from Afghanistan. There are a variety of lessons in the Northern Hemisphere that has a strong economic health and exports weapons, then the sanction will fail

  8. 1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

  9. Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

  10. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  11. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  12. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  13. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  15. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  16. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  17. Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality, pages 16, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27, 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    classifier. 2 Suicide risk and military culture The suicide rate among members of the United States Armed in Iraq and Afghanistan. Sui- cide is now the second-leading cause of death among military personnel). In response to steadily rising suicide rates among military per- sonnel and veterans, researchers, clinicians

  18. The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel's ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical more competitive'' world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader's judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy's potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy's inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US's primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

  19. The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel`s ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical ``more competitive`` world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader`s judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy`s potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy`s inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US`s primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

  20. DuPont Approach to Energy Management: A System Wide Approach to Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, J. W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Twentieth National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 22-23, 1998 DuPont is a major industrial consumer of energy in the form of fuels and electricity. In fact, DuPont's global annual energy spending is about $1.5 billion which has... three equal components (Figure 5): ? Purchased electricity ? Purchased fuels ? Operating and maintenance Like all large energy consumers, DuPont worked very hard to improve energy efficiency following the 1974 OPEC oil embargo and the "oil shocks...

  1. Oil and development: The case of agriculture in Nigeria and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachrach, E.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the relationship between the oil-boom of the 1970s and development outcomes and the prospects in two African OPEC states. The theoretical framework is provided by the political-economy literatures, both domestic and international. The research is carried out as a limited comparative study with a loosely constructed (before-during-after) interrupted time-series design. Algeria's greater success in managing it soil economy suggests further evidence supporting the promise of a mixed political-economy state model. State and societal complexions are identified, with a primarily qualitative methodology, to explain Nigerian and Algerian development outcomes on the heels of the oil decade.

  2. Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

  3. Supplement 18, Part 2, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Parasites: Protozoa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawley, Lila R.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Humphrey, Judith M.; Rayburn, Jane D.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kitsenko, ?. V., 1964. a Khorezm oblast Klaus, G.; Jones, E. W.; and Kliewer, I. 0., 1967 a Love, J. N. (jr.), 1966 a Love, J. N. (jr.); Valentine, B. L.; and Scales, J. W., 1967 a Luli, ?., 1966 a Albania Markov, ?. ?.; D'i?konov, L. P..., iron-dextran,steers Babesia argentina fluorescent microscopy, diagnosis Babesia berbera berenil Riek, R. F., 1966 b, 19-22, 27, 28, 29, 30, pi. 2, figs. 1-13 i, L., 1966 a Winter, H., 1967 a .gnosi Bauer, F., 1967 b Babesia berbera Mohan, R...

  4. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  5. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  6. International energy indicators. [International and US statistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the international sector, a table of data is first presented followed by corresponding graph of the data for the following: (1) Iran: crude oil capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to February 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia (same as Iran); (3) OPEC (ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia); capacity, production, and shut-in, 1974 to January 1980; (4) non-OPEC Free World and US production of crude oil, 1973 to January 1980; (5) oil stocks: Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (landed), 1973 to 1979; (6) petroleum consumption by industrial countries, 1973 to October 1979; (7) USSR crude oil production, 1974 to February 1980; (8) Free World and US nuclear generation capacity, 1973 to January 1980. For the United States, the same data format is used for the following: (a) US imports of crude oil and products 1973 to January 1980; (b) landed cost of Saudi Arabia crude oil in current and 1974 dollars, 1974 to October 1979; (c) US trade in coal, 1973 to 1979; (d) summary of US merchandise trade, 1976 to January 1980; and (e) US energy/GNP ratio (in 1972 dollars), 1947 to 1979.

  7. International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K. (ed.)

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.

  8. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewer wells and less footage were drilled in 1986 compared to 1985. Total drilling decreased by 23% as 217 wells were completed compared to 289 in 1985. Footage drilled during 1986 declined by 52%; about 1.3 million ft were drilled compared to about 2.7 million feet in 1985. The success rate for exploration wells of 34% during 1986 is due to considerably higher success rates in Nigeria and Gabon compared to 1985. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition was the major geophysical activity during 1986. Seismic activity (2-D and 3-D) decreased by 12% to about 230 crew-months. Total 2-D seismic kilometers recorded increased by 26% to about 82,000 km due to significant 2-D marine seismic activity in Nigeria and Angola. Surface geology, photogeology, geochemistry, gravimetry, and aeromagnetic surveys decreased compared to 1985. Total oil production in 1986 was 834 million bbl (about 2.2 million BOPD), an increase of 2%, with the most significant increased in Cameroon and Angola. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries increased to 72% in 1986 compared to 67% in 1985. 32 figures, 5 tables.

  10. U. S. Energy: aviation perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, C.L.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a sequel/update of The Impact of Petroleum, Synthetic and Cryogenic Fuels on Civil Aviation, DOT/FAA/EM-82/29, June, 1982. Where the earlier report is more concerned with energy resources and availability, this report is more concerned with energy supply/demand balance and with prices. The report reviews world and U.S. energy, U.S. transportation energy, aviation fuel, natural gas, alternative fuels and energy sources, synthetic fuels, aviation fuel conservation, and petroleum price vulnerability. It draws heavily on The National Energy Policy Plan of 1983 and its supporting documents. World oil production and prices should remain generally steady for thirty to fifty years, growing slightly faster than the world economy. Near-term prices should be softer. OPEC can raise prices whenever demand for its production exceeds 80% of OPEC production capacity. The U.S. could delay or reverse future price rises by encouraging, or at least reducing restrictions against, domestic production. All future energy forecasts are risky. A disruption in crude production at any time until at least year 2000, can easily increase fuel prices by 100%.

  11. Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

  12. Petroleum Marketing Monthly, April 1995, with data for January 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International crude oil prices rose moderately in January 1995, under the combined influences of lower production and higher demand. Crude oil output both from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and from non-OPEC nations declined from December levels due to a variety of causes, including severe weather in the North Sea and a platform explosion offshore Nigeria. At the same time, strong demand, especially from Asia, revised buying patterns and tightened markets worldwide. In the United States, reformulated gasoline (RFG) remained the dominant market influence, with the official start of the program at the retail level on January 1. Repercussions from the {open_quotes}opting out{close_quotes} of counties in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine in December continued to disrupt supply patterns and confuse markets. Gasoline prices spiked at mid-month, but ended near where they began, while distillate prices declined due to warm weather and high inventories. A sharp seasonal decline in motor gasoline volumes led total refiner sales of the major petroleum products down 5.9 percent from December levels. January market and sales activity for crude oil and the principal petroleum products is summarized in the following sections.

  13. GICHD Mine Dog Testing Project - Soil Sample Results No.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PHELAN, JAMES M.; BARNETT, JAMES L.; BENDER, SUSAN FAE ANN; ARCHULETA, LUISA M.

    2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the third batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in October 2002.

  14. GICHD mine dog testing project - soil sample results #4.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, James L.; Phelan, James M.; Archuleta, Luisa M.; Wood, Tyson B.; Donovan, Kelly L.; Bender, Susan Fae Ann

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the fourth batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in April 2003 and Sarajevo, Bosnia collected in May 2003.

  15. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    , Gaza Strip, Gibraltar, Marshall Islands, Saint Helena, and Swaziland to 35,392 names in Russia. The median value for countries with at least one toponymic homonym was 474.50. The geographical distribution of this pattern shows three areas... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  16. Supplement 20, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Hood, Martha W.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rostkowska, J., 1969 b Balantidium coli, nonspecific host Adaptation Seaman, G. R., 1969 a Tetrahymena pyriformis, metabolic adaptation in cock- roach host Adoptive immunity. See Immunity, Passive. Afghanistan Povolny, D.j and Tenora, F., human 1966 a..., small Tirol, Austria mammals Ameboma. See Granuloma. Amino acida. ?See also Biochemistry; Metabolism; Proteins] Amino acids Ambler, J.; Miller, J. N.; Ascaris suum, amino acid Johnson, P.; and Orr, T.S.C., content of allergen ex- 1973 a tract...

  17. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  18. Command and Control in the Iraqi Insurgency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Dwain; Collins, Matthew; Colmenares, Monica; McBane, Carla; Ritter, Kyle; Welling, Glen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of three critical facets: urban-based, Muslim-centered, or multi-factious. The urban setting of the Iraqi insurgency makes it comparable to the Algerian and Irish Republican Army insurgencies. In these cases, the high population density and built... likely capitalized on each of these distinctly urban advantages to shape and improve its C3 system. The Muslim identity of the Iraqi insurgents parallels the religious beliefs and culture of the insurgents in Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Algeria...

  19. Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Lindquist, Eric; Liu, Xinsheng; Zahran, Sammy; Wood, B. Dan; Alston, Letitia T.; North, Gerald

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Media ......................................................................................... 19 Figure 10. Number of News Articles Linking Climate Change to Other Issues .......................... 20 Figure 11. Solutions Proposed in News Articles... 1. Concern about Climate Change Compared to Other Key Issues ISSUE Level of Concern War in Iraq/Afghanistan 8.33 Energy 7.90 Environment 7.80 Moral Values 7.77 Terrorism 7.66 Social Security 7.59 U.S. Economy 7.45 Global Warming...

  20. An Innovative Approach for Data Collection and Handling to Enable Advancements in Micro Air Vehicle Persistent Surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodnight, Ryan David

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Vehicle Persistent Surveillance. (August 2009) Ryan David Goodnight, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Helen Reed The success of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts has led to increased... .............................. 24 10 Paparazzi Tiny V2.1 Autopilot System ...................................................... 25 11 Aerovironment Black Widow MAV Subsystem Anatomy ........................ 28 12 Texas A&M University Integrated MAV (IMAV) Inventor...

  1. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  2. Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eberhardt, J.

    2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. transportation sector is almost totally dependent on liquid hydrocarbon fuels, primarily gasoline and diesel fuel from conventional oil. In 2002, the transportation sector accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. oil use; highway vehicles accounted for 54 percent of the U.S. oil use. Of the total energy consumed in the U.S., more than 40 percent came from oil. More significantly, more than half of this oil is imported and is projected by the Energy Information Agency (EIA) to increase to 68 percent by 2025 [1]. The supply and price of oil have been dictated by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2002, OPEC accounted for 39 percent of world oil production and this is projected by the EIA to increase to 50 percent in 2025. Of the world's oil reserves, about 80 percent is owned by OPEC members. Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets four times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-1991, and 1999- 2000) and with each came either a recession or slowdown in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the United States. In addition, these market upheavals have cost the U.S. approximately $7 trillion (in 1998 dollars) in total economic costs [2]. Finally, it is estimated that military expenditures for defending oil supplies in the Middle East range from $6 billion to $60 billion per year [3] and do not take into account the costs of recent military operations in Iraq (i.e., Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003). At the outset of his administration in 2001, President George W. Bush established the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group to develop a national energy policy to promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for the future in order to avert potential energy crises. In the National Energy Policy report [4], the NEPD Group urges action by the President to meet five specific national goals that America must meet--''modernize conservation, modernize our energy infrastructure, increase energy supplies, accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment, and increase our nation's energy security.'' It is generally recognized that energy security can be achieved partially by reducing importation of oil from sources that are less politically stable.

  3. Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L [ORNL

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The global energy system faces sweeping changes in the next few decades, with potentially critical implications for the global economy and the global environment. It is important that global institutions have the tools necessary to predict, analyze and plan for such massive change. This report summarizes the proceedings of an international workshop concerning methods of forecasting, analyzing, and planning for global energy transitions and their economic and environmental consequences. A specific case, it focused on the transition from conventional to unconventional oil and other energy sources likely to result from a peak in non-OPEC and/or global production of conventional oil. Leading energy models from around the world in government, academia and the private sector met, reviewed the state-of-the-art of global energy modeling and evaluated its ability to analyze and predict large-scale energy transitions.

  4. Coal reserves in the United States and around the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jubert, K.; Masudi, H.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an urgent need to examine the role that coal might play in meeting world energy needs during the next 20 years. Oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) can no longer be relied upon to provide expanding supplies of energy, even with rapidly rising prices. Neither can nuclear energy be planned on for rapid expansion worldwide until present uncertainties about it are resolved. Yet, the world`s energy needs will continue to grow, even with vigorous energy conservation programs and with optimistic rates of expansion in the use of solar energy. Coal already supplies 25% of the world`s energy, its reserves are vast, and it is relatively inexpensive. This study, with the aid of reports from the World Coal Study (WOCOL) examines the needs for coal on a global scale, its availability past and present, and its future prospects.

  5. Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

  6. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  7. An Assessment of Energy and Environmental Issues Related to the Use of Gas-to-Liquid Fuels in Transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO2 emissions produced during the conversion process.

  8. An assessment of energy and environmental issues related to the use of gas-to-liquid fuels in transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO{sub 2} emissions produced during the conversion process.

  9. Search for a bridge to the energy future: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saluja, S.S. (ed.)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The alarming effects, concerns, and even the insights into long-range energy planning that grew out of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 are fading from the view of a shortsighted public. The enthusiastic initiatives taken in many countries for the development of alternative energy sources have withered due to lack of economic and/or ideological incentive. The events since December 1985, when the members of OPEC decided to increase production in an effort to capture their share of market, have brought down the prices of a barrel of crude to less than US $11 and have made any rational analysis very complex. This has made even the proponents of the alternative energy sources pause and think. The US has, as usual, oscillated from panic to complacency. The Libyan crisis, however, has brought the dangers of complacency into sharp focus. The first commercial coal gasification plant, constructed with a capital investment of over US $2 billion, was abandoned by the owners and is being operated by the US Department of Energy temporarily. In their effort to find a private owner, the US Department of Energy has set the date of auction of this prestigious plant for May 28, 1986. And if an appropriate bid is not forthcoming, the plant faces a very uncertain future. Coal, considered by the World Coal Study (WOCOL) at MIT in 1980, to be a bridge to a global energy future, seems to have lost its luster due to the oil glut which we all know is temporary. This was evident when the bill to grant the Right of Eminent Domain for transportation of coal was defeated. This conference was organized to bring together experts in different areas from various countries to discuss the state of the art and the rate of progress in different alternative energy forms. The recent accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in USSR has brought home the need of diversification of the alternative energy sources.

  10. Competitiveness of Mexican crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico is under great pressure to maintain oil export revenue levels if it is to avoid a reversal in its economic recovery program. While the country's vulnerability to a price plunge is also applicable to OPEC countries, the North Sea producers, and others, Mexico does have an ace. The ace is that its heavier, metals-ridden and sulfur-laden Maya crude, which had to be pushed on customers until about 1981, is now in strong demand. Comparisons are presented of the market value of five crude oils refined in the US Gulf Coast: West Texas Intermediate (or WTI, a 40/sup 0/ API, light), Arabian Light and Isthmus (both 34/sup 0/ medium-light), Alaska North Slope (or ANS, a 27/sup 0/ API, a medium), and Maya (22/sup 0/ API, medium-heavy). In this mix, the heavier the crude, the greater is the refining margin (except for Arabian Light, for which freight cost and product yield provide lower margins than those derived from WTI). The sacrifice by OPEC and other producers cutting crude oil prices was to the benefit to refiners' improved margins during the first half of 1983. Those cuts were on the lighter-quality oils. But prices for heavier Venezuelan, Californian, and Mexican crudes increased during the second half of 1983, due to developing refinery technologies in extracting favorable product yields from them. This issue of Energy Detente presents their fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for December 1983 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  11. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  12. Theorizing September 11: Social Theory, History, and Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Douglas

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .) The Department of Social Thought & Research 18 Energy also estimates that the Caspian Sea region houses some 665 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, representing one-eight of the world’s gas reserves” (Klare 2001: 2). Moreover, “the untapped oil of the Caspian... to overthrow the Soviet- backed government in Afghanistan. Egypt’s Anwar Sadat was an early ally of the support for the Islamists against the Soviets and was repaid with assassination by fanatic Islamics in 1981. Pakistan’s president, Zia al-Haq, whose secret...

  13. File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012Afghanistan - Annual

  14. File:NREL-afg-wind.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Exogenous Oil Supply Shocks: How Big Are They and How Much Do They Matter for the U.S. Economy?” forthcoming: Review of Economics and Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz Kilian

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Since the oil crises of the 1970s there has been strong interest in the question of how oil production shortfalls caused by wars and other exogenous political events in OPEC countries affect oil prices, U.S. real GDP growth and U.S. CPI inflation. This study focuses on the modern OPEC period since 1973. The results differ from the conventional wisdom along a number of dimensions. First, it is shown that under reasonable assumptions the timing, magnitude and even the sign of exogenous oil supply shocks may differ greatly from current state-of-the-art estimates. Second, the common view that the case for the exogeneity of at least the major oil price shocks is strong is supported by the data for the 1980/81 and 1990/91 oil price shocks, but not for other oil price shocks. Notably, statistical measures of the net oil price increase relative to the recent past do not represent the exogenous component of oil prices. In fact, only a small fraction of the observed oil price increases during crisis periods can be attributed to exogenous oil production disruptions. Third, compared to previous indirect estimates of the effects of exogenous supply disruptions on real GDP growth that treated major oil price increases as exogenous, the direct estimates obtained in this paper suggest a sharp drop after five quarters rather than an immediate and sustained reduction in economic growth for a year. They also suggest a spike in CPI inflation three quarters after the exogenous oil supply shock rather than a sustained increase in inflation, as is sometimes conjectured. Finally, the results of this paper put into perspective the importance of exogenous oil production shortfalls in the Middle East. It is shown that exogenous oil supply shocks made remarkably little difference overall for the evolution of U.S. real GDP growth and CPI inflation since the 1970s, although they did matter for some historical episodes. Key Words: Oil shock; war; counterfactual; oil supply; exogeneity; weak instruments. JEL: E32, C32.

  20. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  1. Development of reduced crude cracking catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hettinger, W.P. Jr. (Ashland Petroleum Company, KY (USA))

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1974 OPEC imposed an embargo on oil to the United States and caused a rapid rise in the price of a barrel of oil. At the time of the embargo, Ashland imported a considerable portion of its oil from the Middle East, thus raising the question of oil availability. As the problem increased in severity, Messrs. George Meyer, Oliver Zandona and Llyod Busch, began to explore alternative ways of squeezing more product from a given barrel of crude. After considering many alternatives, they arrived at the innovative thought that it might be possible to catalytically crack the 1050{degree}F plus fraction of the barrel directly to gasoline which would in effect, give them an additional volume of crude oil. Also, if vacuum fractionation were eliminated and if the entire 650{degree}F plus (reduced crude) portion of the barrel processed, this would further reduce operating costs. With these objectives and some new process innovations in mind, they began reduced crude cracking experimentation in a small 12,000 B/D FCC operating unit at Louisville. It was from these goals, concepts and a small operating unit, that the RCC process was born.

  2. The imperfect price-reversibility of world oil demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gately, D. [New York Univ., NY (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the price-reversibility of world oil demand, using price-decomposition methods employed previously on other energy demand data. We conclude that the reductions in world oil demand following the oil price increases of the 1970s will not be completely reversed by the price cuts of the 1980s. The response to price cuts in the 1980s is perhaps only one-fifth that for price increases in the 1970s. This has dramatic implications for projections of oil demand, especially under low-price assumptions. We also consider the effect on demand of a price recovery (sub-maximum increase) in the 1990s - due either to OPEC or to a carbon tax-specifically whether the effects would be as large as for the price increases of the 1970s or only as large as the smaller demand reversals of the 1980s. On this the results are uncertain, but a tentative conclusion is that the response to a price recovery would lie midway between the small response to price cuts and the larger response to increases in the maximum historical price. Finally, we demonstrate two implications of wrongly assuming that demand is perfectly price-reversible. First, such an assumption will grossly overestimate the demand response to price declines of the 1980s. Secondly, and somewhat surprisingly, it causes an underestimate of the effect of income growth on future demand. 21 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  3. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  4. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  5. Resumption of SPR US Strategic Petroleum Reserve fill attached to synfuels bill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    House-Senate conferees approved a bill which would establish a $20 billion US Synthetic Fuels Corp., a $3.1 billion bank to fund energy conservation and solar energy projects, a $1.4 billion biomass-to-energy program, and other energy conservation and production measures. An order requiring the filling of the SPR at a minimum average rate of 100,000 bbl/day beginning 10/1/80 was attached to the bill. If that rate is not achieved, the SPR measure requires that Elk Hills, Calif., field crude be sold or exchanged to acquire other crude for the SPR. Some OPEC members have threatened to reduce their output if the US buys oil for storage. The SPR measure will increase US refiners' crude-acquisition costs by $0.04/gal, which will be passed along to purchasers. The SPR goal is 750 million bbl of crude; current capacity is 250 million bbl, with only 91.7 million bbl in place. A House subcommittee issued a report recommending that the 118,000 bbl/day oil production from US National Petroleum Reserves (NPR) be reserved for the US Department of Defense (DOD) and stored in the SPR, but criticizing DOD for inefficiencies in its energy office, inadequate conversion to coal, and inadequate storage facilities.

  6. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  7. Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

  8. LLNL/LANS mission committee meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent events continue to show the national security imperative of the global security mission: (1) Fighting Proliferation - (a) At Yongbyon, 'a modern, industrial-scale U-enrichment facility w/2000 centrifuges' seen Nov. 2010, (b) In Iran, fueling began at Bushehr while P5+1/lran talks delayed to Dec. 2010; (2) Continuing need to support the warfighter and IC - (a) tensions on the Korean peninsula, (b) primitative IEDs a challenge in Afghanistan, (c) cyber command, (d)another Georgian smuggling event; and (3) Countering terrorisms on US soil - (a) toner cartridge bomb, (b) times square bomb, (c) christmas tree bomb. Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT) and Accident Response Group (ARG) elements deployed to two East Coast locations in November to work a multi-weapon scenario. LANL provided 70% of on-duty field and reconstitution teams for both Marble Challenge 11-01 and JD 11-01. There were a total of 14 deployments in FY10.

  9. Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: A Low-Energy House in Berkeley, Kabul, and Washington DC (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Diamond, Rick

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    How well can we assess and improve building energy performance in California homes? How much energy-and carbon-do homes use in other parts of the world? Rick Diamond, deputy group leader of the Berkeley Lab Energy Performance of Buildings Group, discusses change, global solutions, and the stories of three houses in Berkeley, Kabul (Afghanistan), and Washington, D.C. Diamond, who is also a senior advisor at the California Institute for Energy and Environment, investigates user interactions with the built environment for improved building energy performance. The group has studied a wide range of issues related to energy use in housing, including duct system efficiency, user behavior, and infiltration and ventilation measurements.

  10. Emergency planning for the Persian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teller, E.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This was a talk given by Edward Teller for the LAMPF Users Group, Inc. The subjects discussed included: the SALT Treaty, military strengths of the USSR and USA, civil defense preparedness, the present Iranian-Afghanistan situations, and the possibility that the USSR will gain control of the mid-east oil industry. He suggested the following possibilities in preparing for the latter situation: the synthesis of oil from wood; the use of Alaskan coal by coal-slurry transport; the use of metha-coal; the use of in-situ coal gasification; the use of wind power; and the use of nuclear power. Several innovations currently underway in the state of Washington under the direction of Governor Dixie Lee Ray are pointed out. (DC)

  11. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  12. The Use of Isotope Dilution Alpha Spectrometry and Liquid Scintillation Counting to Determine Radionuclides in Environmental Samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bylyku, Elida [Center of Applied Nuclear Physics, Tirana University, Tirana (Albania)

    2009-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In Albania in recent years it has been of increasing interest to determine various pollutants in the environment and their possible effects on human health. The radiochemical procedure used to identify Pu, Am, U, Th, and Sr radioisotopes in soil, sediment, water, coal, and milk samples is described. The analysis is carried out in the presence of respective tracer solutions and combines the procedure for Pu analysis based on anion exchange, the selective method for Sr isolation based on extraction chromatography using Sr-Spec resin, and the application of the TRU-Spec column for separation of Am fraction. An acid digestion method has been applied for the decomposition of samples. The radiochemical procedure involves the separation of Pu from Th, Am, and Sr by anion exchange, followed by the preconcentration of Am and Sr by coprecipitation with calcium oxalate. Am is separated from Sr by extraction chromatography. Uranium is separated from the bulk elements by liquid-liquid extraction using UTEVA registered resin. Thin sources for alpha spectrometric measurements are prepared by microprecipitation with NdF3. Two International Atomic Energy Agency reference materials were analyzed in parallel with the samples.

  13. How can energy-efficient structures compete in an inefficient energy market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noll, S.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The only way resources can be efficiently allocated in our market system is if prices of resources, goods, and services properly reflect their true value to society. However, because of (a) imperfections in the pricing mechanisms that currently influence private-sector decision making; (b) the difference in planning horizons between individuals and government; and (c) the external benefits that would accrue to society from energy-conscious decision making by individuals, it is apparent that there exists a substantial underinvestment in advanced-conservation and renewable-resource building technologies. Even if domestic energy prices were deregulated to reflect world market prices (now determined by OPEC) it is likely that underinvestment in energy-conscious design would still occur. For that reason, the only way that energy-conscious design will be implemented to the extent warranted is if a concerted political commitment is made to such a program at the Federal, state, and local levels. Such a commitment is not without precedent. The experiences of Davis and San Diego, California, and the TVA exemplify the extent to which energy conservation and renewable-resource development can be carried out if political leadership and support is established. It is known that technologies and design solutions for energy-efficient buildings are available today and are cost-effective. What remains to be seen is whether the political leadership of the United States will fully recognize the sensibility of a concerted conservation and renewable-energy-resource program for buildings as opposed to continued attempts at increasing energy production to supply an energy-inefficient-building inventory. 16 references.

  14. 1982 Annual Energy Review. [1960 to 1982; in some cases for a longer period

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Total energy consumption in the United States equaled 70.9 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1982, a decline of 4.1% compared to 1981. Depressed economic activity was a major factor in reducing total energy demand. However, conservation also played a role as energy consumption per dollar of GNP continued to fall. Most of the decline in energy use involved petroleum and natural gas. Reduced petroleum demand translated into a 21.7% reduction in net petroleum imports. Natural gas demand and production fell, prompted by reduced economic activity and a substantial increase in prices. Crude oil prices fell for the first time in more than a decade. Weakened market conditions adversely affected the rate of domestic oil and gas exploration and development activities. Nonetheless, domestic crude oil production rose 1.2%. International activities were highlighted by a decline in crude oil production, especially by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a decrease in crude oil prices, and a substantial increase in electricity production by nuclear-powered utility plants in non-Communist countries. Energy production in the United States in 1982 remained essentially unchanged from that of 1981, as small gains in hydroelectric power and nuclear power production were offset by losses in natural gas production. For the third straight year, energy consumption in the United States declined. Whereas declines in 1980 and 1981 resulted primarily from consumer response to higher prices and conservation, the 1982 decline reflected primarily an economic slowdown, especially in industry. Annual per capita consumption fell to 306 million Btu, the lowest level since 1967. Changes in energy prices in 1982 were mixed. Whereas most petroleum prices declined, prices of natural gas, coal, and electricity rose.

  15. Have We Run Out of Oil Yet? Oil Peaking Analysis from an Optimist's Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L [ORNL; Hopson, Dr Janet L [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Li, Jia [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study addresses several questions concerning the peaking of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range of uncertainty? What are the key determining factors? Will a transition to unconventional oil undermine or strengthen OPEC's influence over world oil markets? These issues are explored using a model combining alternative world energy scenarios with an accounting of resource depletion and a market-based simulation of transition to unconventional oil resources. No political or environmental constraints are allowed to hinder oil production, geological constraints on the rates at which oil can be produced are not represented, and when USGS resource estimates are used, more than the mean estimate of ultimately recoverable resources is assumed to exist. The issue is framed not as a question of "running out" of conventional oil, but in terms of the timing and rate of transition from conventional to unconventional oil resources. Unconventional oil is chosen because production from Venezuela's heavy-oil fields and Canada's Athabascan oil sands is already underway on a significant scale and unconventional oil is most consistent with the existing infrastructure for producing, refining, distributing and consuming petroleum. However, natural gas or even coal might also prove to be economical sources of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. These results indicate a high probability that production of conventional oil from outside of the Middle East region will peak, or that the rate of increase of production will become highly constrained before 2025. If world consumption of hydrocarbon fuels is to continue growing, massive development of unconventional resources will be required. While there are grounds for pessimism and optimism, it is certainly not too soon for extensive, detailed analysis of transitions to alternative energy sources.

  16. Energy vulnerability relationships

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaw, B.R.; Boesen, J.L.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US consumption of crude oil resources has been a steadily growing indicator of the vitality and strength of the US economy. At the same time import diversity has also been a rapidly developing dimension of the import picture. In the early 1970`s, embargoes of crude oil from Organization of Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) created economic and political havoc due to a significant lack of diversity and a unique set of economic, political and domestic regulatory circumstances. The continued rise of imports has again led to concerns over the security of our crude oil resource but threats to this system must be considered in light of the diversity and current setting of imported oil. This report develops several important issues concerning vulnerability to the disruption of oil imports: (1) The Middle East is not the major supplier of oil to the United States, (2) The US is not vulnerable to having its entire import stream disrupted, (3) Even in stable countries, there exist vulnerabilities to disruption of the export stream of oil, (4) Vulnerability reduction requires a focus on international solutions, and (5) DOE program and policy development must reflect the requirements of the diverse supply. Does this increasing proportion of imported oil create a {open_quotes}dependence{close_quotes}? Does this increasing proportion of imported oil present a vulnerability to {open_quotes}price shocks{close_quotes} and the tremendous dislocations experienced during the 1970`s? Finally, what is the vulnerability of supply disruptions from the current sources of imported oil? If oil is considered to be a finite, rapidly depleting resource, then the answers to these questions must be {open_quotes}yes.{close_quotes} However, if the supply of oil is expanding, and not limited, then dependence is relative to regional supply sources.

  17. Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

  18. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  19. Lethal tide: The worldwide threat from cheap conventional arms. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, C.D.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The twentieth century has seen as unprecedented explosion in the manufacture and use of armaments. This has been accompanied by steady increases in the number, length and lethality of conflicts. Both trends have been accelerating since the end of World War II, especially with regard to the so-called Third World. The focus of most arms control efforts has been on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, with some secondary concern in the last two decades over sophisticated major conventional armaments. Virtually unnoticed have been the massive quantities of simple, inexpensive arms produced all over the globe and traded in channels overt, covert, and illegal. These items remain useful for many years. Equipment such as mortars and rifles find application in war after war, while ammunition keeps its explosive nature until it detonates. So the world, especially the Third World, has an ever growing sea of cheap arms, the old stuff still dangerous, more added every day. Review of selected conflicts, including Cambodia and Afghanistan, illustrates the depth of the trouble we are in and suggests some possible future directions in order to avoid drowning in this lethal sea.

  20. Characteristics of the Yala Glacier from theview point of tritium content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamiyama, K.; Kitaoka, K.; Watanabe, O.

    1986-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical distributions of tritium content in glacier ice were determined at two different heights of the Yala Glacier in the Langtang Region, Nepal Himalayas. In the vertical profile of tritium content at the upper point (about 5,400 m high) there exists a clear peak, which shows the injection of artificial tritium due to nuclear weapon test series. The average accumulation rate from 1963 to 1982 at this point is estimated to be 0.85 m of water equivalent per year. At the lower point (about 5,200 m high) the tritium content is relatively low throughout the ice core, decreasing with depth. Precipitation nourishes the glacier in the accumulation area and, after a long time, it appears in the ablation area with the movement of the ice body, resulting in the different profiles of the tritium content between the two points. From the viewpoint of tritium content, the precipitation in the Yala Glacier is more similar to that in New Delhi, India, than that in Karizimir, Afghanistan. Generally speaking, the tritium content in the pricipitation is lower in the coastal area than in the continental area. The precipitation in the Yala Glacier belongs to the coastal type. There possibly exists a great difference in tritium content between the glaciers nourished by water vapor coming directly from the sea and by that coming over the continent.

  1. Transportation Energy Survey Data Book 1.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gurikova, T

    2002-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The transportation sector is the major consumer of oil in the United States. In 2000, the transportation sector's share of U.S. oil consumption was 68 percent (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2001a, Table 2.5, p. 33, Table 1.4, p.7). As a result, the transportation sector is one of the major producers of greenhouse gases. In 2000, the transportation sector accounted for one-third (33 percent) of carbon emissions (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2000b, Table 5, p.28). In comparison, the industrial sector accounted for 32 percent and residential and commercial sector for 35 percent of carbon emissions in 2000. Carbon emissions, together with other gases, constitute greenhouse gases that are believed to cause global warming. Because that the transportation sector is a major oil consumer and producer of greenhouse gases, the work of the Analytic Team of the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) focuses on two main objectives: (1) reduction of U.S. oil dependence and (2) reduction of carbon emissions from vehicles. There are two major factors that contribute to the problem of U.S. oil dependence. First, compared to the rest of the world, the United States does not have a large oil reserve. The United States accounts for only 9 percent of oil production (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2001c, Table 4.1C). In comparison, the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) produces 42 percent of oil, and the Persian Gulf accounts for 28 percent. (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2001c, Table 1.1A). More than half (54 percent) of oil consumed in the United States is imported (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2001a, Table 1.8, p. 15). Second, it is estimated that the world is approaching the point at which half of the total resources of conventional oil believed to exist on earth will have been used up (Birky et. al., 2001, p. 2). Given that the United States is highly dependent on imported oil and that half of the world's conventional oil reserves will have been used up in the near future, the OTT's goal is to ensure an adequate supply of fuel for vehicles. There are three ways to achieve this goal: efficiency, substitution, or less travel. A reduction in oil usage will result in a reduction of carbon emissions. Successful transition to alternative types of fuel and advanced technology vehicles may depend on awareness of U.S. dependence on imported oil and the U.S. energy situation. Successful transition may also depend on knowledge of alternative types of fuels and advanced technologies. The ''Transportation Energy Survey Data Book 1.1'' examines the public's knowledge, beliefs and expectations of the energy situation in the United States and transportation energy-related issues. The data presented in the report have been drawn from multiple sources: surveys conducted by the Opinion Research Corporation International (ORCI) for National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that are commissioned and funded by OTT, Gallup polls, ABC News/Washington Post polls, NBC News/Wall Street Journal polls, polls conducted by the Ipsos-Reid Corporation, as well articles from The Washington Post (2001) and other sources. All surveys are telephone interviews conducted with randomly selected national samples of adults 18 years of age and older. Almost all surveys were conducted before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, with the only exceptions being the November 2001 ORCI survey and the November 2001 survey conducted by the Ipsos-Reid Corporation.

  2. The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, K G

    2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.

  3. The structures of marialite (Me[subscript 6]) and meionite (Me[subscript 93]) in space groups P4[subscript 2]/n and I4/m, and the absence of phase transitions in the scapolite series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antao, Sytle M.; Hassan, Ishmael (West Indies) [West Indies; (Calgary)

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The crystal structures of marialite (Me{sub 6}) from Badakhshan, Afghanistan and meionite (Me{sub 93}) from Mt. Vesuvius, Italy were obtained using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data and Rietveld structure refinements. Their structures were refined in space groups I4/m and P42/n, and similar results were obtained. The Me{sub 6} sample has a formula Ca{sub 0.24}Na{sub 3.37}K{sub 0.24}[Al{sub 3.16}Si{sub 8.84}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.84}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.15}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.047555(7), c = 7.563210(6) {angstrom}, and V = 1097.751(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}. The average (T1-O) distances are 1.599(1) {angstrom} in I4/m and 1.600(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n, indicating that the T1 site contains only Si atoms. In P4{sub 2}/n, the average distances of (T2-O) = 1.655(2) and (T3-O) = 1.664(2) {angstrom} are distinct and are not equal to each other. However, the mean (T2,3-O) = 1.659(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n and is identical to the (T2-O) = 1.659(1) {angstrom} in I4/m. The (M-O) [7] = 2.754(1) {angstrom} (M site is coordinated to seven framework O atoms) and M-A = 2.914(1) {angstrom}; these distances are identical in both space groups. The Me{sub 93} sample has a formula of Na{sub 0.29}Ca{sub 3.76}[Al{sub 5.54}Si{sub 6.46}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.05}(SO{sub 4}){sub 0.02}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.93}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.19882(1), c = 7.576954(8) {angstrom}, and V = 1127.535(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}. A similar examination of the Me{sub 93} sample also shows that both space groups give similar results; however, the C-O distance is more reasonable in P4{sub 2}/n than in I4/m. Refining the scapolite structure near Me{sub 0} or Me{sub 100} in I4/m forces the T2 and T3 sites (both with multiplicity 8 in P4{sub 2}/n) to be equivalent and form the T2' site (with multiplicity 16 in I4/m), but (T2-O) is not equal to (T3-O) in P4{sub 2}/n. Using different space groups for different regions across the series implies phase transitions, which do not occur in the scapolite series.

  4. Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec