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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

3

OPEC at high noon 1974-1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After 1973, oil consumption stagnated worldwide. Non-OPEC output increased, mostly in Alaska, Mexico, and the North Sea, but not because of the price rise. The cartel nations had to assume the whole burden of cutting back ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Saudi Arabia Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

Russell, Lynn

5

IS OPEC'S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics); IS OPEC?S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The foundation of OPEC (Organization of Oil Exporting Countries) was laid in the early 1960?s by the five major oil exporters, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,… (more)

ud din, Fateh; hazar, Hazal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Determinants of official OPEC crude prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hypothesis of this paper is that crude oil, like any other unfinished commodity, is valued for the products derived from it; the purpose is to offer an empirical explanation for changes in the crude price charged by the members of OPEC. The model results show that the market-clearing prices reported to prevail for petroleum products on the principal petroleum spot market at Rotterdam are the primary determinants of changes in official crude prices. A systematic relationship between offical and spot prices is argued to have prevailed since 1974. An appendix clarifies five types of data required for the model. 13 references, 4 tables.

Verleger, P.K. Jr.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ummah Tameer E-Nau (UTN) N 4 United Arab Emirates Energy Global International FZE B,C,M,N 5 United Arab Emirates International General Resourcing FZE M 6 United Arab Emirates Modern Technologies FZC (MTFZC) N 7 United Arab Emirates Petroiran Development Company (PEDCO

Takada, Shoji

8

Inscrutable OPEC? : behavioral tests of the cartel hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that standard statistical tests of OPEC behavior have very low power across a wide range of alternative hypotheses regarding market structure. Consequently, it is difficult, given the current availability and ...

Smith, James L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

10

Afghanistan's energy and natural resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study provides a resource perspective from which to better plan the necessary steps toward the viable reconstruction and economic development of post war Afghanistan. The vast availability of natural resources affords the opportunity to formulate a framework upon which Afghanistan can grow and prosper in the future. The paper includes the following sections: Historical Overview: Thwarted Opportunities; Natural Resources: A Survey of Possibilities; The Future: Post War Rehabilitation and Reconstruction; and Conclusions: Future Energy Sources.

Balcome-Rawding, R.; Porter, K.C.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

12

AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

Spence, Harlan Ernest

13

Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

14

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war poses Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: afghanistan war poses Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: to Afghanistan. After the British came into northwest...

15

Afghanistan water constraints overview analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Afghanistan's already severe water supply problems are expected to intensify as Afghan refugees resettle in former conflictive zones. The report examines the technical, economic, cultural, and institutional facets of the country's water supply and suggests steps to mitigate existing and anticipated water supply problems. Chapter 2 presents information on Afghanistan's water resources, covering the country's climate, precipitation, glaciers/snow packs, and watersheds; the principal patterns of water flow and distribution; and comprehensive estimates. Chapter 3 examines water resource development in the country from 1945 to 1979, including projects involving irrigation and hydroelectric power and strategies for improving the drinking water supply.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war coverage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Biotechnology ; Biology and Medicine 3 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: to Afghanistan. After the British came into northwest...

18

Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Afghanistan is facing many challenges on its path of reconstruction and development. Among all its pressing needs, the country would benefit from the development and implementation of an energy strategy. In addition to conventional energy sources, the Afghan government is considering alternative options such as energy derived from renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal). Biomass energy is derived from a variety of sources -- plant-based material and residues -- and can be used in various conversion processes to yield power, heat, steam, and fuel. This study provides policymakers and industry developers with information on the biomass resource potential in Afghanistan for power/heat generation and transportation fuels production. To achieve this goal, the study estimates the current biomass resources and evaluates the potential resources that could be used for energy purposes.

Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Afghanistan-NREL Mission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWS OceanInformation AdvancedAfghanistan-NREL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Monetary explanation of inflation: the experience of three major OPEC economies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes and tests empirically the monetary explanation of inflation in the case of the moderate inflationary experience of three major OPEC economies over the last two decades. The estimated model takes into account the underlying money demand relationship, and pays careful attention to the model's lag specifications. The empirical results show that the monetary model of inflation adequately explains the inflationary process in each of the countries studied. These empirical results, furthermore, are econometrically valid insofar as they are not plagued with significant simultaneous-equation bias. In addition, the estimated equations are also found to exhibit structural stability over time. 39 references, 4 tables.

Darrat, A.F.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES Construction of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES Construction of Afghanistan National Police Compounds-Delgadillo/Released Page 4-5 CLICK HERE TO READ MORE #12;3 AUGUST 2013 2 AUGUST 2013USACE TAD TRANSATLANTIC TIMES USACE TAD

US Army Corps of Engineers

23

Modeling Policy and Agricultural Decisions in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Afghanistan is responsible for the majority of the world's supply of poppy crops, which are often used to produce illegal narcotics like heroin. This paper presents an agent-based model that simulates policy scenarios to characterize how the production of poppy can be dampened and replaced with licit crops over time. The model is initialized with spatial data, including transportation network and satellite-derived land use data. Parameters representing national subsidies, insurgent influence, and trafficking blockades are varied to represent different conditions that might encourage or discourage poppy agriculture. Our model shows that boundary-level interventions, such as targeted trafficking blockades at border locations, are critical in reducing the attractiveness of growing this illicit crop. The principle of least effort implies that interventions decrease to a minimal non-regressive point, leading to the prediction that increases in insurgency or other changes are likely to lead to worsening conditions,...

Widener, Michael J; Gros, Andreas; Metcalf, Sara; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

EM Employee Serves Military in Afghanistan, Manages $5.8 Billion Army Task Order  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BAGRAM AIRFIELD, Afghanistan – EM employee James Hawkins is currently serving the U.S. military in Afghanistan, where he is administering a $5.8 billion task order for the Army.

25

Afghanistan and Iraq--$2 Trillion Dollar Graveyards of Armies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the projection of violent direct action in the case of Iraq and Afghanistan since 2007 through May 2011. Machine-coded events data from the free, publicly available, on-line Reuters archives was fitted to both regressor and time...

Petrov, Vladimir

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRICE 24. AMOUNT21. QUANTITY CODE 10. THIS ACQUISITION IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE W5J9LE 16. ADMINISTERED BY AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT. DELIVERY FOR FOB RFQ SEE SCHEDULE 14. METHOD OF SOLICITATION IFB RFP CODE SEE ADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED

US Army Corps of Engineers

27

Oil and economic development in OPEC countries, with case studies about Iraq and Algeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the impact of the increase in oil prices in 1973 and thereafter on economic development in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in general, and in Iraq and Algeria in particular. It attempts to investigate the extent to which these countries have succeeded in utilizing oil revenues to achieve their projected goals: diversification of their economies in order to reduce dependence on exporting crude oil which is an exhaustible resource; and acceleration of the rate of growth of the non-oil sector in order to increase its contribution to GDP and foreign-exchange earnings as well as to maintain the growth of the economy in the post-oil age. While the increase in oil revenues greatly reduced the capital constraint to growth, it did not remove all other constraints at the same time. Thus, bottlenecks in transportation, institutions, skilled labor, raw and construction materials remained important obstacles. According to the criteria used by this study to judge the performance of the Iraqi and the Algerian economies after 1973, both countries did quite well. However, one of the findings about Iraq is that while the rate of growth of real per capita GDP accelerated after 1973, the rate of growth of real per capita non-oil GDP did not. Algeria succeeded in diversifying her economy, since the rate of growth of non-oil GDP accelerated after 1973, compared to the earlier period.

Al-Khalil, M.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

107 BEHIND THE VEIL THE REFORM OF ISLAM IN INTER-WAR ALBANIA OR THE SEARCH FOR A "MODERN" of the country. The dominant role of secularist elites paved the way for the "reform of Islam." This process in the organization and reform of official religious institutions. For example, it interfered in the organization

Boyer, Edmond

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan introducing population Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan reconstruction teams Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

military partner... in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... of the spectrum, such as the 2001 invasion of...

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan post-war governance Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Theo Farrell Summary: in Afghanistan points to three such benefits, in particular: More boots on the ground; increased civilian... require the authorization of all partner...

33

Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Region Country Year Name Employer Current Title Discipline Specialty Western Afghanistan 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Development Advisor Geography Environment & Natural Resource Management Asia, South Bangladesh, Policy and International Affairs Environmental Science Forestry and Natural Resources Asia, South Engineering, Civil Project Mgmt., Water Resources Asia, South Afghanistan 2005 Mr. Abdul Wahed Ahadi UNDP

Silver, Whendee

35

To be published in Gentiana Kera, Andreas Hemming & Enriketa Pandelejmoni (eds.), Historical-Anthropological Studies on Albania. Aspects of Albanian Society in the 20th Century.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

true of factions in Communist and post-Communist political life, which are described activities, in Albania as elsewhere2 . That organised crime and political factions should not be confused

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and cases suspicious for tuberculosis among public health clinic patients in Afghanistan,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and diagnostic test results were recorded. Correlates of TB-suggestive symptoms (defined as cough >2 weeks children (age 17 or under). The TB-suggestive symptoms of cough >2 weeks and / or haemoptysis were reported workers. keywords Afghanistan, tuberculosis, respiratory symptoms, cough, sputum smear accuracy

Scharfstein, Daniel

37

Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront.

Hess, Juliana

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cuba indonesia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Angola Antigua Argentina...

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa... Sinapore Slovakia Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakstan Kenya Bangladesh...

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria australia austria Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guinea Guinea Bissau Guyana Haiti Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Romania Russia Rwanda Samoa Source: Alechina, Natasha - School of Computer Science, University of...

43

United Nations A/67/L.75* General Assembly Distr.: Limited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and related fields Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize water resources, Appreciating the ongoing work of the organizations of the United Nations system

Cambridge, University of

44

Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-operation agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Government of Albania concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

m a x w e l l s c h o o l Deborah alexanDer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Macedonia, and participated in elections oversight in Bosnia-Herzegovina. As the U.S. Embassy's senior programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Nigeria, and Afghanistan. When a 7.6- magnitude earthquake hit

McConnell, Terry

46

anexo 5e produccion: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

missing from the sample, because of unavailability of data, are: Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia 198 Eyx''i5e'vyQsw...ve''syxpy'''riEsxs9P33D'ytig'' F.Arqueros 1 ,...

47

Never Stand Still Global Education and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for departure 20 On your return 21 Other Global Education Options 23 How to apply 24 Resources 24 Quick links 25. Belarus Bangladesh Azerb. Austria A u s t r a l i a Armenia Angola Algeria Albania Afghanistan Western

New South Wales, University of

48

HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sri Lanka St. Vincent & the Grenadines Sudan Suriname

Duchowski, Andrew T.

49

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group Ammunition Industries Group

Takada, Shoji

50

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic of Iran Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG) Ammunition and Metallurgy Industry Group

Takada, Shoji

51

All Students Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Rank) (Rank) (1 Year) (5 Years) #12;Bosnia-Herzegovina 3 2 0 +50.0 -(90) (100) - Botswana 0 3 4 -100

Barthelat, Francois

52

Country Location AFGHANISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/01 12/31 $131 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 01/01 12/31 $136 AUSTRALIA DARWIN, NORTHERN TERRITORY 04/01 09/30 $142 ARMENIA [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $92 ASCENSION ISLAND ASCENSION ISLAND 01/01 12/31 $22 AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 01/01 12/31 $157 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 01/01 12/31 $128 AUSTRALIA BROOME 01/01 12/31 $137 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 01

53

Country Location AFGHANISTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 1-Jan 31-Dec $147 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 1-Jan 31-Dec $178 APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 C1 - 1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 1-Jan 31-Dec $144 AUSTRALIA BROOME 1

54

The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

55

Marketingsolutions forAfghanistan'sfirst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of higher education sector specialists gathered in Darling Harbour to identify the game changers, re

University of Technology, Sydney

56

Held Hostage: America and Its Allies Confront OPEC, 1973 - 1981  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

War,? New York Times, December 11, 1973, 1, Proquest Historical Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. Fox Butterfield, ?Japan Hails Decisions by Arabs: Will Keep Oil-Saving Measures? New York Times, December 26, 1973, 49, Proquest Historical... Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. 4 William K. Stevens, ?Rx for American Motors: Power from Abroad,? New York Times, February 6, 1977, 1, Proquest Historical Newspapers, http://proquest.umi.com. 3 In Europe and in Japan, leaders also attempted...

Barr, Kathleen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

57

AFG AF AFGANISTAN ABN AL ALBANIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUI CH SUIZA SNM SR SURINAME SWZ SZ SWAZILANDIA THA TH TAILANDIA FOR TW TAIWAN TAN TZ TANZANIA TJN TJ

Escolano, Francisco

58

Albania 00-800-0010 American Samoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-800-01-001 Palau SS Panama 800-0109 {Spanish} 800-2288 Papua New Guinea SS Paraguay Asuncion City 008-11-800 Peru

Fisher, Kathleen

59

Albania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy InformationTuri BiomassWheelerLand andAlatna,

60

Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributions to the existing literature. First, it takes to data the theoretical model of optimal nonrenewable- ilicza & Pindyck, 1976; Pindyck, 1976; Cremer & Weitzman, 1976), stock effects in extraction costs

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Market Power in the World Oil Market: Evidence for an OPEC Cartel and an Oligopolistic Non-OPEC Fringe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

important contributions to the existing literature. First, it takes to data the theoretical model of optimal (Hny- ilicza & Pindyck, 1976; Pindyck, 1976; Cremer & Weitzman, 1976), stock effects in extraction

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

62

AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

Oxford, University of

63

Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

almond and walnut shells, as well as olive pits, can be used to produce charcoal through pyrolysis of biomass, which could be used for cooking and as a soil amendment. Processing...

64

Extreme VPP - Kandahar, Afghanistan | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

elements: fire, earth, wind, and water.) Luckily, the Army has an analytical lab in Germany that could perform the testing. I put the samples on an airplane leaving from the...

65

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordkorea, Dem. Rep. Pakistan Palau Palestinska självstyret Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Rwanda

66

Afghanistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (CunniffAffinity

67

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1983...

68

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(2) | OPEC(3) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

69

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

70

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

71

Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing...

72

aquaculture tirana albania: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Aquaculture Page 1 of 6 Syllabus Aquaculture Biol-Mari 3600.03 Fall 2009 Course Information 3680, E-mail:...

73

Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWSAgri-Energy LLCAir(EC-LEDS) | Open Energy

74

Albania-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation 5-01 EndStatutes: Title 38Albabio SL

75

Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

since the early 1980s and in the last decade, the U.S. has begun to import more from Russia as well.Overall petroleum imports to the U.S. have varied considerably since 1973...

76

Transportation Fuels Policy Since the OPEC Embargo: Paved with Good Intentions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Knittel By the end of 1972, things were great for oil. Prices were on a steady downward trend, falling prices coincides with increases in US oil consumption. Consumption in- creased dramatically from 0 by the end of 1973. World oil prices rose sharply to an average of $52.85 (in 2011 dollars) dur- ing 1974

Rothman, Daniel

77

Microsoft Word - STEO supplement non-OPEC supply Final-2.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 1 Short-TermJuly805)09 1 May08

78

Fact #563: March 23, 2009 OPEC Petroleum Imports | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 2011 Report1: March 9, 2009 All3: March 23,

79

Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half of U.S.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFY 20112: July|Rise |Department ofofPetroleum

80

Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Modeland- DatasetU.S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

As OPEC Ministers Meet, Secretary Chu Stresses the Importance of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical Challenges toReport | Department ofDepartment ofofAround the

82

Statement from Energy Secretary Bodman on OPEC's Decision to Cut Crude Oil  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the AmericasDOE-STD-3020-2005Code ofandthe Jeddah

83

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. UNIT PRICE 24. AMOUNT21. QUANTITY CODE 10. THIS ACQUISITION IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE 16. ADMINISTERED BY SEE SCHEDULE 7. DELIVERY FOR FOB RFQ SEE SCHEDULE 14. METHOD OF SOLICITATION IFB RFP CODE SEEADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED

US Army Corps of Engineers

84

AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IS UNRESTRICTED FAX: NAICS: TEL: CODE 18a. PAYMENT WILL BE MADE BYOFFEROR SUCH ADDRESS IN OFFER 17b. CHECK.CONTRACTOR/ 18b. SUBMIT INVOICES TO ADDRESS SHOWN IN BLOCK 18a. UNLESS BLOCK 15. DELIVER TO CODE 16. ADMINISTERED SEEADDENDUM BLOCK IS MARKED DESTINATION UNLESS 12. DISCOUNT TERMS (No Collect Calls) 13b. RATING 13a

US Army Corps of Engineers

85

Mjliga samarbetslnder inom Minor Field Studies (MFS) Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lucia St Vincent och Grenadinerna Sudan Surinam Swaziland Sydafrika Syrien Tadzjikistan Tanzania Tchad

Haviland, David

86

Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and life-opportunities. Amartya Sen and other developmentKabul: Mirrorglass Amartya Sen and Mahbub ul Haq identifiedof California Press. Sen, Amartya Kumar. 1999. Development

Calogero, Pietro Anders

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (CunniffAffinity WindHot

88

Energy price changes and the induced revaluation of durable capital in U.S. manufacturing during the OPEC decade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When energy prices increased suddenly and unexpectedly in 1973-74 and 1979-80, a portion of the long-lived capital stock in U.S. manufacturing was rendered economically less valuable. In this paper we develop an analytical ...

Berndt, Ernst R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCofConstructionofFYOxide Emission Standards, Modeland-

90

Incidence of Lead Uptake on the Microstructure of a (Mg, Ca)-Bentonite (Prrenjas, Albania)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in environmental-pollution studies, waste management and soil science. Retainment of heavy metals metal ions. In this respect, the interaction between toxic heavy metals and clay minerals is of great The usefulness of bentonites in several applications can be attributed to their high capability for sorbing heavy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

albania cross-sectional study: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

derived by taking into account the pairing-blocking effect for a p-wave neutron, reproduces the s-wave pole close to the 9Li+n threshold and strongly enhances...

92

ENROLLED WSU UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Russia 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Salvador 1 47 Ukraine 1 14 Germany 4 48 United Arab Emirates 6 15 India 10 49 United Kingdom 6 16 Indonesia

Collins, Gary S.

93

ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

Collins, Gary S.

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - albania Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 51 Monday Note November 8, 2010 Week 7 | Fall 2010 Summary: Institute, which...

95

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

96

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

97

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key assumptions The level of oil production by OPEC is a key factor influencing the oil price projections incorporated into AEO2013. Non-OPEC production, worldwide regional...

98

albanian pregnant women: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

loanwords. These can be found in Geg in the north (northern Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, southern Serbia, western Macedonia), Tosk in the south (southern Albania......

99

|| Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...............................................................................................................................................12 Basis of two OPEC factions and two U.S. policies

O'Donnell, Tom

100

1/07/2011 1/07/2011 Afghanistan 69 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 102  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sri Lanka 37 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 77 Suisse 102 Moldavie 76 Suriname 46 Monaco 102 Swaziland

Cerf, Nicolas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daniel Crose, Major John Davidson, SPC Chris Dedrick, COL Patrick Donahue, LTC George “Tom” Donovan, Master Corporal Dennis Eason, PFC Jeremy Edwards, Cpt Philip E. Eilertson, Major Cameron Ellis, PFC William J. Fiers, SGT Lorne Ford, PFC Ryn Frank... me on the straight and narrow. And I thank Venita Krueger for her eagle eye as she proofed the manuscript. The reader may find errors, but Venita found a lot more. Two very dear friends, Dodge Billingsley of Combat Films and Ali Jalali...

Grau, Les

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

102

Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that includes landscapes with small- and large-scale features such as mounds, architecture, and traditional gravity-driven water systems that serve areas of extreme aridity. Remote sensing technologies such as satellite imagery, aerial photography, and Light...

Egitto, Antoinette

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

afghanistan promises visa-free: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

accepted that it serves as a source of turbulent viscosity in accretion disks -- the most energy efficient objects in the Universe. However it is very difficult to bring this...

104

Land Doktoranden Wissenschaftler Afghanistan 925,00 1.150,00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.400,00 Elfenbeinküste / Cote D´Ivoire 800,00 975,00 Eritrea 775,00 950,00 #12;Estland 225,00 275,00 Fidschi 1.225,00 1.050,00 1.300,00 Korea 875,00 1.100,00 #12;Korea, DVR (Nord) 875,00 1.100,00 Kosovo 250,00 325,00 Kroatien

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan war veterans Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Utah, University of - State of Utah Center of Excellence for Biomedical Microfluidics Collection: Engineering 7 A panel presentation for the Soldiers Project Conference...

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghanistan 2005-2006 perspectives Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forces Order of Battle (1980s) 4 Army Corps 13 Infantry ... Source: Naval Postgraduate School, Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research Collection: Computer...

107

Can You Spend Your Way to Victory? The Case of Statebuilding in Afghanistan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Do statebuilding activities decrease insurgency? Since 2006 General Petraeus's mantra has been that you cannot kill or capture your way out of a complex insurgency. Instead of bullets money spent on development projects, ...

Querze, Alana Renee

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Universit degli Studi di Genova Anno accademico 2013-14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nziecky Bruslin Christ Congo Plaku Besin Albania Rabby Farhad Ben Ahamed Bangladesh Richard Jude Nigeria

Genova, Universitŕ degli Studi di

109

International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

110

Bringing fruit, vegetaBle and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. certain european and Mediterranean countries include: Albania, Algeria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Molinari, Marc

111

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catholique de Louvain 26.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA

Di Pillo, Gianni

112

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.ugent.be BELGIUM Université Catholique de Louvain 26.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA

Guidoni, Leonardo

113

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://www.unitir.edu.al/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brussel 08.03.2013 http://www.vub.ac.be/ #12;BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University

Guidoni, Leonardo

114

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALBANIA University of Tirana 11.12.2001 http://pages.albaniaonline.net/ut  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.09.2005 http://www.ucl.ac.be BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Bihac 11.12.2001 http://www.unbi.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar 11.12.2001 http://www.sve-mo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Mostar "Dzemal Bijedi" 11.12.2001 http://www.unmo.ba BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA University of Sarajevo 11

Di Pillo, Gianni

115

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crudein predicting quarterly real oil price change. variable real

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

energy crops, natural gas, coal, extra-heavy oil, bitumen (oil sands), and kerogen (oil shale, not to be confused with shale oiltight oil). Includes both OPEC and non-OPEC...

119

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46...

120

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

122

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is how responsive the demand of oil from OPEC in the oil-caused the import demand of oil from OPEC coun- tries toincrease in global demand for crude oil from 2000 to 2008,

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Increasing Electricity Trading and Environmental Sustainability in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Montenegro · Albania · Kosovo GPRI MMAK Electrification Project 3 Phase 0: Goal · Goal: Produce a prototype 29.5-37.6Billi on Scope: Albania, B&H, Bulgaria, Croatia, UNMIK, FYRM, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia

Ginzel, Matthew

124

COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS AFGHANISTAN Kabul University 07.04.2008 http://www.ku.edu.af  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.sophia.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Farabi Kazakh National University 21.12.2006 http://www.kazsu.kz #12;KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh

Di Pillo, Gianni

125

international enrollment report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singapore 22 Thailand 23 Vietnam 28 Europe 320 Albania 5 Armenia 1 Austria 8 Azerbaijan 6 Belgium 1 Bosnia

Gerber, Leah R.

126

aga khan university: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East partners > Polytechnic...

127

Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

Welzel, Christian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

130

April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

Jones, Douglas W.

131

Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

132

TABLES3.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) primarily from Caribbean and West European areas as petroleum products that were refined from crude oil...

133

World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

World oil prices in Annual Energy Outlook 2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries EIA U.S. Energy...

135

On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Food and Agriculture - Biofuels: Prospects, risks andand D. Zilberman. Are Biofuels the Culprit: OPEC, Food, andmodel. In Symposium on Biofuels in Developing Countries:

Rajagopal, Deepak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Established in 1975 in the aftermath of the OPEC oil embargo, the...

137

The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meetings with president Putin in 2005. The present Germanspecial emphasis on energy. Putin was present and it wasmodeled after OPEC. Putin and the Iranian representative

Lie, Kai Olaf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Incorporating stakeholders' perspectives into models of new technology diffusion: The case of fuel-cell vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustained increases in oil demand from growing economies.increasing global demand for oil and changing consumerdemand, and the OPEC may exercise its power to affect oil

Collantes, Gustavo O

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 RESTE DU MONDE 1/07/2012 Afghanistan 72 Core Du Sud (Rpublique de -) 105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexique 105 Sri Lanka 38 Micronésie (Etats Féd. De -) 80 Suisse 105 Moldavie 79 Suriname 48 Monaco 105

Cerf, Nicolas

140

Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

found in the study: Acetone, Acrolein**, Benzene, Carbon Disulfide, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloromethane, Toluene Acrolein and Hexachlorobutadiene were occasionally detected far above the MEG ratio--over 1800 percent above the MEG for Acrolein and over 500 percent above the MEG for Hexachlorobutadiene. Plaintiffs

Toohey, Darin W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Accountable to beneficiaries? : the modern development enterprise & its contractors at war : lessons on accountability from Afghanistan to inform the contracting reform agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis will review the most relevant existing and proposed accountability mechanisms for private development and security contractors coming out of the human rights, public administration and anti-corruption fields. ...

Gupta, Huma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Essays on Political Economy of Religion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macedonia Vote percentage Montenegro Germany Year Source:Lithuania Spain-UC Ireland Spain-LC Albania MontenegroSlovakia Montenegro Czech Republic-LC Denmark Liberal

Grigoriadis, Theocharis Nikolaou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

aspetti igienico-sanitari delle: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti&Carta L. da ardere e...

144

CONSORTIUM MEMBERS EU Universities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coordinator > University of Tirana, Albania > University of Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina > South East Foundation, Belgium > University of Tuzla, Bosnia & Herzegovina > Roma Virtual Network, Israel > University

Heermann, Dieter W.

145

Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Venezuela, R Romania Croatia Brazil Philippines MoldovaHonduras El Salvador Croatia Brazil Philippines MozambiqueTimor Argentina Albania Croatia Brazil Philippines Yemen,

Buscaglia, Edgardo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(NonApproved)** Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cambodia... Columbia Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Georgia...

147

Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

148

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

149

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

150

Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

151

WORKING PAPER N 2013 11 The Grey Paradox: How Oil Owners Can Benefit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Fossil Fuels, GlobalWarming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD, Fossil Fuels, Global Warming, Non-renewable Resources, OPEC. JEL Classication: H21, H23, Q31, Q38, Q41, Q of fossil-fuel owners de- pends on the characteristics of their fossil fuels (recoverable reserves

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

152

World Oil: Market or Mayhem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

Smith, James L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

JEFFREY D. SACHS Harvard University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to hold only in the short run, and they disappear a few years after the 1973 oil price increase. Moreover in the exchange rate? Answers to the first question have tended to focus on OPEC price increases and sur- pluses on the effects of OPEC price increases on macroeconomic adjustment in the world economy, in collaboration

154

What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issues in Energy Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas November 2, 2006 The Price of OPEC Oil ($/bbl) $0 $20 $40;8 DIFFERENCES AMONG OPEC MEMBERS Proved Oil Crude Oil Reserves to GDP Reserves Production Production Ratio Member $ per capita bbl per capita bbl per capita years Algeria 3,113 373 15 25 Indonesia 1,290 20 2 11

O'Donnell, Tom

155

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

-0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2013 2014 2015 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC World Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels Production Growth...

157

Presupposing Mandy Simons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-cleft construction, illustrated in (3): (3) It was (wasn't) President Obama who went to Afghanistan. The speaker of this sentence appears to take for granted that some salient individual went to Afghanistan, and to be making

Spirtes, Peter

158

Who Are the Major Players Supplying the World Oil Market?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy in Brief article on the world supply of oil through ownership of national oil companies and, for some governments, their membership in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Weimer, D.L. (1984) Oil prices shock, market response,OPEC behavior and world oil prices (pp. 175-185) London:many decades. Recent high oil prices have caused oil-holding

Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce 42% of the crude-oil production. The organizationfuel prices and crude-oil production but increase overallcrude oil during the same period. Although prices more than qua- drupled, OPEC production

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Non-OPEC*** 3,407 ***includes but not limited to Angola, Colombia, Russia, China, Norway and United Kingdom. 175.60 billion barrels U.S. PADD V 4.85 billion barrels U.S. PADD...

163

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

of 2011. Figure DataThe AEO2011 Reference case also includes signifi cant long-term potential for supply from non-OPEC producers. In several resource-rich regions (including...

164

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal-to-liquids OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule RFS Renewable Fuels Standard EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration...

165

Agricultural and Resource Economics Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per liter equals the retail price of gasoline in the Unitedgasoline prices in non-OPEC countries were 1.04 USD per liter, including an average base retail price

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A.; Martin, Philip; Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

TABLE39.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 696 0 0 Indonesia ... 2,227 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 696 0 0 Non OPEC...

167

TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 Nigeria ... 12,322 2,095 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 33,173 0 611 60 252 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC...

168

The Optimal Gas Tax for California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leads to enough demand for oil that it impacts world oilof U.S. import demand on the world oil price and OPEC marketdemand and its (currently strong) effect on the world oil

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Prince, Lea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Oil Dependence: The Value of R{ampersand}D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past quarter century the United States` dependence on oil has cost its economy on the order of $5 trillion. Oil dependence is defined as economically significant consumption of oil, given price inelastic demand in the short and long run and given the ability of the OPEC cartel to use market power to influence oil prices. Although oil prices have been lower and more stable over the past decade, OPEC still holds the majority of the world`s conventional oil resources according to the best available estimates. OPEC`s share of the world oil market is likely to grow significantly in the future,restoring much if not all of their former market power. Other than market share, the key determinants of OPEC`s market power are the long and short run price elasticities of world oil demand and supply. These elasticities depend critically on the technologies of oil supply and demand, especially the technology of energy use in transportation. Research and development can change these elasticities in fundamental ways, and given the nature of the problem,the government has an important role to play in supporting such research.

Greene, D.L.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1995). At the beginning of the 1990s, the situation changed abruptly with the discovery in Libya (Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey) and all

Boudouresque, Charles F.

171

Cos' la Due Diligence e perch stata introdotta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'export del Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,... #12;2-03-2013 3 Prevention Grecia Irlanda Italia Lettonia Lituania Olanda Polania Portogallo RegnoUnito RepublicaCeca Romania

Pettenella, Davide

172

Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Bosnia Herzegovina) and therefore it includes 23 FTAs. But it will focus mainly on the agreements signed, and for their very useful comments on a first draft. 1 Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

1 EUROSURVEILLANCE Vol . 13 Issues 79 JulSep 2008 www.eurosurveillance.org E uro roun du p s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Russia, Serbia and Slovenia in the EU, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Norway, Russia and Switzerland, a questionnaire was sent to all 30 members

174

United Nations General Assembly First Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and potential candidates, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, the European Union is on the ground, as military, police or civilian presence, in Bosnia, Aceh, Iraq

Sussex, University of

175

www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage,189 Application Volume and Admission Rates 5-Year History Albania Algeria Australia Bolivia Botswana Brazil

Rowley, Clarence W.

176

Afghan Ambassador  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan to become an ambassador of water for the U.S. Department of State.... senior advisor for water at the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, Fipps? mission was to conduct strategic analysis and water planning for the war-torn country...?s future, he said. According to Afghanistan?s Ministry of Energy and Water, 85 percent of the population is involved in irrigation-dependent agriculture and 98 percent of all water diverted from the rivers is used by agriculture, with 60 percent or more...

Wythe, Kathy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic hydrocarbon compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic organic compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... and detected all of the...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic chemical compounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack Summary: Compounds Toxic Organic Halogenated Dioxins Furans (dioxins) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons found... in burn pits include, but...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan with portable solar panels, and increase theon July 30, 2010. The solar panels power ra- dios, laptopduring testing of solar energy panels at Twen- tynine Palms,

Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - afghan refugee camps Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA Summary: Pakistan was keen to confine Afghan refugees to camps...

183

Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan with portable solar panels, and increasethe number of solar-powered generators there from nine toa hole during testing of solar energy panels at Twen- tynine

Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2011 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

185

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

186

THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2012 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

Ejiri, Shinji

187

PHONETIC NAME MATCHING FOR CROSS-LINGUAL SPOKEN SENTENCE RETRIEVAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Talabani Iraq pu jing Putin Russia bu shi Bush US sha bi er Shabir Afghanistan bu le er Blair UK ying show

188

(D. Merriam, U of Kansas, ed) Predicting the Peak in World Oil Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recently predicted that world oil production could continue to increase for more than three decades, based on the recent US Geological Survey (USGS) evaluation of world oil resources and a simple, transparent model. However, it can be shown that this model is not consistent with actual oil production records in many different regions, particularly that of the US, from which it was derived. A more careful application of the EIA model, using the same resource estimates, indicates that at best non-OPEC oil production can increase for less than two decades, and should begin to decline at the latest sometime between 2015 and 2020. OPEC will at this point completely control the world oil market and will need to meet increased demand as well as compensate for declining production of non-OPEC producers. OPEC could control the market even sooner than this, given its much larger share of proven oil reserves, probable difficulties in transforming non-OPEC undiscovered reserves into proven reserves, and the converging interests of all oil producers as reserves are depleted. This has significant implications for the world economy and for US national security.

Alfred J. Cavallo

189

Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010)............................22-25 Web-Based CPP Training Module............................26-27 Shopping in Egypt

190

Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

Choi, Hankyeung

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

191

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves.2 million barrels per day in 2030 (International Energy Agency [IEA], 2009). Meeting 2030 demand requires gas reserves after Russia.3 Iran's centerpiece of energy policies, enforced by the National Iranian

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

193

CREDIT:PHOTOS.COM LETTERS I BOOKS I POLICY FORUM I EDUCATION FORUM I PERSPECTIVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil, April 2006, p. 103. 4. A. Shihab-Eldin, M.Hamel, G. Brennand, Oil Outlook to 2025, OPEC Review with this new state of affairs, first and foremost by embracing energy efficiency and conservation not as virtues for the elite, but as urgent and universal national goals. ALFRED CAVALLO Energy Consultant

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

194

Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the 1980s and, in combination with the market response to higher oil prices led to the OPEC cartel's loss so effectively in the past. The combination of higher oil prices and policies aimed at increasing energy efficiency led to almost 15 years of low oil prices (Figure 1). Unfortunately, after these efforts

195

version 11apr11a Geopolitics of the Global Oil System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-market, neo-colonial system that ended with OPECs nationalizations. We examine issues of oil and natural gas-group blogs: 1. China Oil Affairs http://chinaoilaffairs.blogspot.com/ 2. Rentismo & Dutch Disease http geopolitical consequences for the Middle East, Latin America, China, and U.S. policy. In Part 1, Resources, we

O'Donnell, Tom

196

version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. We examine issues of oil and natural gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures of this course, students will understand the role of oil in the geo-strategy of especially the U.S., China, OPEC. They will understand the natural-resource and political-economic constraints underlying contemporary energy geo

O'Donnell, Tom

197

Monetary compensations in climate policy through the lens of a general equilibrium assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Organization of the Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC) that these concerns have been officially acknowledged transfers raise questions about both their amount and their efficiency for sustaining economic activity. The first question relates to the evaluation of climate policy losses in oil-exporting countries, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

73-428/19-624 The Transformation of Energy Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and natural gas, the rise and fall of OPEC, power systems engineering and economics, and the special problems-oil and natural gas deregulation are widely-cited success stories, while the electric power industry has become the tools of economics and engineering to assess the successes and failures of energy-market commoditization

Blumsack, Seth

199

Contaminants in Naturally Ventilated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? 1973 OPEC Oil Crisis 1970s/80s - Sick Building Syndrome Bad planning = Many good ideas died 2007 - Can main motivation)- particularly for low energy ones! #12;Low Energy Buildings - Who Cares? + + = Buildings account for 48% of all energy used #12;Who cares some more? + = Buildings account for more than 50

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

200

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE UMR 5252 CNRS - UPMF in "OPEC Energy Review XXXIII, 2 (2009) 97-110" #12;halshs-00442213,version1-18Dec2009 #12;A surplus if they are in intermediate values to avoid strategies seen above and to optimise quantities sold on the market; 1 We are very

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Structural Change, Impacts and Opportunities For Concrete Pavement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developed Economies Asia, Excl Japan #12;Oil Price History $ Per Barrel, West Texas Intermediate 0 20 40 60 Change in Asphalt Prices Six Months Later: Red Based On Last 10 Year History: A 10% Change in Oil Prices on LDC's & Demand Side Old Reality: Emphasis on OPEC & Supply Side #12;Asphalt &Oil Price Correlation

202

How Increased Crude Oil Demand by China and India Affects the International Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the world crude oil market. More specifically, we study the implications for pricing, OPEC production of the Crude Oil Market The global crude oil market can be analysed by considering how quantity and price crude oil prices in the world move together (the price differences are due to different oil quality

203

Search All NYTimes.com OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry, insisted that President Obama's revised war strategy will "build support operations. Its lethal agents are being systematically hunted down, while those Muslims whose souls it seeks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

204

Studying Unexplained Veteran Illnesses at the APS  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Researchers from Stony Brook University come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study the potential underlying causes for an unusual increased incidence of pulmonary disease in U.S. soldiers returning from military service in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

Schmidt, Millicent

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

205

17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

Williams, Cindy

206

Computational modeling of primary blast effects on the human brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the beginning of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, there have been over 250,000 diagnoses of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the U.S. military, with the majority of incidents caused by improvised explosive ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Computational modeling of blast-induced traumatic brain injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced TBI has gained prominence in recent years due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head; no injury thresholds have been established ...

Nyein, Michelle K. (Michelle Kyaw)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

In Silico Investigation of Intracranial Blast Mitigation with Relevance to Military Traumatic Brain Injury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury is the most prevalent military injury in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet little is known about the mechanical effects of blasts on the human head, and still less is known about how personal ...

Nyein, Michelle K.

209

The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

Howitt, Ivan

210

Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

Kamal, Sarah

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Climatic Change (2009) 94:518 DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9555-9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluctuations in the Wakhan Pamir, Afghanistan Umesh K. Haritashya · Michael P. Bishop · John F. Shroder, Breckle and Frey (1976a, b), who noticed relatively strong glacierization facin

212

International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would be a reemergence of Kurdistan during World War II,the genocides in Iraqi Kurdistan, the former Yugoslavia, orAfghanistan, Somaliland, Iraqi Kurdistan, and Angola all had

Ramirez, Zachary Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2.5. Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive ordnance disposalcited 14 May 2009]. [54] Spc. Jonathan Montgomery. EodAfghanistan [36]”. Figure 2.5: Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive

Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A test case for implementing feedback control in a micro hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Micro-hydro turbines generate power for small villages and industries in Afghanistan. They usually produce less than 100 kW of power. Currently the flow into the… (more)

Suliman, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The impact of individual-, unit-, and enterprise-level factors on psychological health outcomes : a system dynamics study of the U.S. military  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological health issues have emerged as a signature pathology of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the full continuum of care in the U.S. military for ...

Wang, Judy Y. H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Optimization-based routing and scheduling of IED-detection assets in contemporary military operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, have become a familiar and lethal part of contemporary military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, producing more casualties than any other weapons system. One reason for their success ...

Marks, Christopher E. (Christopher Edward)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Implementing cash for work programmes in post-tsunami Aceh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been implemented after floods in Bangladesh, in conflict-affected regions like Afghanistan to local markets; they infuse cash into economies depleted of monetary resources,and in some cases can

Scharfstein, Daniel

219

STAKING SPACE : planning, public space, and visions of the subaltern in the context of Kabul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis will review how public spaces in Kabul, Afghanistan will be affected by plans for development and formalization under proposed city plans. The core argument is that these processes of development under guises ...

Adina, Seema Ghizala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Stakeholder characteristics in rapid acquisition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The number of Joint Urgent Operational Needs has exploded with the Global War on Terror and the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. The challenge to smaller urgent programs is the programs are not large enough to obtain top ...

Meyer, Michael J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE HARWOOD MARKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-localisation 4. A case study: CSR of de-localised Italian companies in Romania 5. Conclusions 1. INTRODUCTION, Romania, Bosnia, Albania,... (FAO, 2000) Industrial Districts (IDs) = spontaneous local networks of SMEs functions SMEs de-localisation in Romania: driving forces · Reduced production costs · Support

Pettenella, Davide

222

NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEANSOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANARCTIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN Determining Factors for Medical Threat Levels MACEDONIA ALBANIA MONTENEGRO GREECE AZERBAIJAN ARCTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN INDIAN

223

Attivit illegali nella gestione delle risorse forestali  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Camerun, della Romania, della Bosnia, dell'Albania, della Serbia,,... Dati differenti e differenti.872 0 0 1.872 0 0 Bosnia Erzegovina 30% - 50% 25.047 397 217.196 12.524 199 108.598 7.514 119 65

Pettenella, Davide

224

New policy imperatives for energy producers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conferences sponsored by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development are organized toward increasing the understanding of the multifaceted problems in energy - economic, technical, and political - that confront not just the consuming industrial powers but the developing OPEC and non-OPEC producers and, in particular, the Third World countries whose plight is extreme. All types were represented at this 6th conference, and the 21 papers mirror the diversity of ideas and, at the same time, the very real areas where cooperation and coordination are clearly both possible and desirable. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); one abstract was selected for Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

El Mallakh, R.; El Mallakh, D.H. (eds.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

Baker, Arnold Barry

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both "above ground" and "below ground" factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non-OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. The Energy Information Administration will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

D E P A R T M E N T O F M E C H A N I C A L E N G I N E E R I N G A . J A M E S C L A R K S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEURO-IMAGING, MODELING, SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF BLAST RELATED TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.cecd.umd.edu #12;1 FOREWORD Blast-associated brain trauma is the signature injury of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars (TBI). The most common cause of these catastrophic injuries has been exposure to blasts associated

Maryland at College Park, University of

228

LIGHTWEIGHT Trauma MechanlC$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and human models to see how they reacted during the blast And students analyze video of the test, taken and Afghanistan returned with traumatic brain injuries, many of which were the result of improvised explosive Chandra's lab at the Univer sity of Nebraska simulate actual blasts with a piston driven by compressed

Farritor, Shane

229

Intracranial Pressure Increases during Exposure to a Shock Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Afghanistan. The extent of a blast TBI, especially initially, is difficult to diagnose, as internal injuries pressure; overpressure; traumatic brain injury Introduction Blast traumatic brain injuries (blast TBI of the mechanism of injury of TBI after exposure to blast. Substantial resources have been spent on the IED problem

VandeVord, Pamela

230

U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

231

Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

232

Master of International Public Affairs Degree Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

career, when I was on rotation at the national renewable energy lab. From there I worked in the wind. Alumni have held positions with these agencies and businesses: u American Red Cross u CARE in Afghanistan research office at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C." Laura Miner, MIPA '02, Wind Farm

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

233

D I G E S T Public Works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Kodack 39 Wind tunnels at NASA Langley being removed by FRP, by Debra Valine 40 Renewable energy projects-of-year report, by Gregg Chislett 6 Afghanistan Engineer District-South ends 2011 on high note, by Karla Marshall 2011, by Rachel Goodspeed 16 Sustainable, energy-efficient communities start with great planning

US Army Corps of Engineers

234

PROCEEDINGSof theHUMANFACTORSANDERGONOMICSSOCIETY45thANNUALMEETING-2001 EFFECT OF DISPLAY DESIGN AND SITUATION COMPLEXITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) about how to most effectively allocate personnel resources, these targets can be attacked with precision from attack preplanned alternate (flex) targets as well safe). against Afghanistan and Sudan in 1998, and in The challenges introduced with the TTWCS center Operation

Virginia, University of

235

The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New School, NYC Back to course homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~twod/oil-s2010 Version: 28apr10a Syllabus: Geopolitics of Global Oil Graduate Program in International Affairs Development Concentration: Spring 2010 Description: What's oil's role in the Iraq war, the Iran nuclear crisis, in Afghanistan

O'Donnell, Tom

236

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition of military and technological (for instance, one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trip report to Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 September 2008 Background. Sweden has a rich tradition and execution of peacekeeping and other non classified operations (indeed, Sweden has troops in Afghanistan and The Congo today; they lead the Baltic MDA effort). Sweden's relatively small size makes them forward leaning

237

Salute to Service: Sustainability and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Defense, the world's largest institutional consumer of fossil fuels. From Afghanistan to Fort Huachuca, the DoD is aggressively shrinking its carbon footprint and moving toward biofuels, solar, and other. sustainability series The Sustainability Series is presented by ASU's Global Institute of Sustainability. RSVP

Zhang, Junshan

238

The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Blind Ones and the Matter of the Beast (Adopted from Idries Shah's Tales of the Dervishes. 1967) Beyond Ghor (Afghanistan) there was a city. All its inhabitants were blind. A king with his entourage to understand and see this great beast, and some sightless from among this blind community ran like fools

O'Laughlin, Jay

239

University of New Orleans Office of Research and Sponsored Programs Weekly Funding Opportunities June 9, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); Afghanistan USAID-Kabul: Family Planning, Maternal, Newborn to strengthen and enhance existing primary care services provided through the Ministry of Public Health's (Mo Collaborative Research Partnerships (CRP) to advance science and technology important to understanding

Li, X. Rong

240

2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 www.schulich.ucalgary.ca FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(WLED) lighting solutions powered by renewable energy to the world's poor in ecologically sensitive and remote rural areas. Dr. Irvine-Halliday envisioned LUTW during his sabbatical in Nepal in 1997. He including Afghanistan, Bolivia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Guatemala, India

Calgary, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

242

Addressing Livelihood Challenges Through Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Delhi Islamabad Dhaka New Delhi Kathmandu Islamabad Dhaka I N D I A NEPAL BANGLADESH PA K I S TA N D I A AFGHANISTAN IRAN BANGLADESH Projection: WGS 1984 © NCCR North-South * International borders disparity, migration, livelihood insecurity, land degradation, unequal distri- bution of resources, armed

Richner, Heinz

243

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we understand the importance of training and effective promotion of the services.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we to providing appropriate long-term training on the use of online resources and more. Several training modules@oaresciences.org Afghanistan Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Bhutan Bolivia Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon

Napp, Nils

244

Contact Us! The Center for South Asian Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emerging in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne- pal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sponsored by the Duke Center for South Asian Studies, the Certificate will provide you with resources countries like India and Bangladesh have become key locations for international businesses looking to export

Zhou, Pei

245

Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Impact of 1973 Oil Embargo and 2005 Katrina on Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influence that they had on the world through oil. One of the many results of the oil embargo was higher oil prices all through out the western world, particularly North America. The embargo forced to consider many things about energy..., such as the cost and supply, which up to 1973 no one had worried about. Although the embargo ended only years after it began in 1973, the Oil Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations had quadrupled the price of oil in the west. The rising oil prices...

Mehta, P.

247

Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sumption of electricity (see Figure 2). The first OPEC oil embargo in 1973 caused Westing house to take a strong position to emphasize con servation of fossil fuels in all of its physical plant facilities including R&D. Figure 3 is a his tory of our... CONSERVATION - ENERGY AUDITS What criteria can we develop to measure achievements and establish goals? Figure 10 shows a range of en ergy requirements for schools in Northern United States of America in t~rms of M Btu/sq.ft./year. Figure 11 compares...

Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy Reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through regular elections and guarantee civil liberties, thereby reducing political violence (Kitschelt 1986). Within a similar line of studies, scholars note that resources are essential to sustain and mobilize violent activities (Dalton, Sickle... Violence Albania 1998 999 1.41 Latvia 1996 1200 1.81 Argentina* 1995 1079 1.68 Lithuania 1997 1009 1.82 Armenia 1997 2000 1.85 Macedonia 1998 995 1.67 Australia 1995 2048 1.63 Moldova 1996 984 2.13 Bangladesh 1996 1525 1.13 New Zealand 1998 1201 1.60 Brazil...

Yeh, Yao-Yuan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

250

Final version 14 March 2007 for Petroleum Africa What’s Wrong with Reserves?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The publishing of data is a political act, one depending largely upon the image the author would like to portray i.e. rich in front of the banker, the shareholder, or alongside quotas; poor in face of taxes. Most debates argue over words that are not clearly defined (as oil or reserves) and which are distinct from their authors, resulting in often useless discussions. Wording ambiguities Gas means gasoline for some, but natural gas for others. M means thousand for the US industry (outside computers) but million ( = mega) in metric countries. Billion is thousand millions in the US, but million millions (square million) in Europe. Webster’s definition for billion is a very large number, which is not very precise! Reserves Definitions There are currently several reserve definitions in use: • US: all energy companies listed on the US stock market are obliged by the SEC to report only proved reserves (1P), assumed to be the minimum; these reserves are audited. • OPEC: because quotas depend upon reserves, OPEC members report proved reserves

Jean Laherrere

251

Oil and the American Way of Life: Don't Ask, Don't Tell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the coming decades, US consumers will face a series of important decisions about oil. To make effective decisions, consumers must confront some disturbing answers to questions they would rather not ask. These questions include: is the US running out of oil, is the world running out of oil, is OPEC increasing its grip on prices, is the US economy reducing its dependence on energy, and will the competitive market address these issues in a timely fashion? Answers to these questions indicate that the market will not address these issues: the US has already run out of inexpensive sources of oil such that rising prices no longer elicit significant increases in supply. The US experience implies that within a couple of decades, the world oil market will change from increasing supply at low prices to decreasing supply at higher prices. As the world approaches this important turning point, OPEC will strengthen its grip on world oil prices. Contrary to popular belief, the US economy continues to be highly dependent on energy, especially inexpensive sources of energy. Together, these trends threaten to undermine the basic way in which the US economy generates a high standard of living.

Kaufmann, Robert (Boston University) [Boston University

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Petroleum Marketing Monthly, April 1995, with data for January 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International crude oil prices rose moderately in January 1995, under the combined influences of lower production and higher demand. Crude oil output both from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and from non-OPEC nations declined from December levels due to a variety of causes, including severe weather in the North Sea and a platform explosion offshore Nigeria. At the same time, strong demand, especially from Asia, revised buying patterns and tightened markets worldwide. In the United States, reformulated gasoline (RFG) remained the dominant market influence, with the official start of the program at the retail level on January 1. Repercussions from the {open_quotes}opting out{close_quotes} of counties in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine in December continued to disrupt supply patterns and confuse markets. Gasoline prices spiked at mid-month, but ended near where they began, while distillate prices declined due to warm weather and high inventories. A sharp seasonal decline in motor gasoline volumes led total refiner sales of the major petroleum products down 5.9 percent from December levels. January market and sales activity for crude oil and the principal petroleum products is summarized in the following sections.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

GICHD Mine Dog Testing Project - Soil Sample Results No.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the third batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in October 2002.

PHELAN, JAMES M.; BARNETT, JAMES L.; BENDER, SUSAN FAE ANN; ARCHULETA, LUISA M.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

GICHD mine dog testing project - soil sample results #4.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mine dog evaluation project initiated by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining is evaluating the capability and reliability of mine detection dogs. The performance of field-operational mine detection dogs will be measured in test minefields in Afghanistan and Bosnia containing actual, but unfused landmines. Repeated performance testing over two years through various seasonal weather conditions will provide data simulating near real world conditions. Soil samples will be obtained adjacent to the buried targets repeatedly over the course of the test. Chemical analysis results from these soil samples will be used to evaluate correlations between mine dog detection performance and seasonal weather conditions. This report documents the analytical chemical methods and results from the fourth batch of soils received. This batch contained samples from Kharga, Afghanistan collected in April 2003 and Sarajevo, Bosnia collected in May 2003.

Barnett, James L.; Phelan, James M.; Archuleta, Luisa M.; Wood, Tyson B.; Donovan, Kelly L.; Bender, Susan Fae Ann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Command and Control in the Iraqi Insurgency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of three critical facets: urban-based, Muslim-centered, or multi-factious. The urban setting of the Iraqi insurgency makes it comparable to the Algerian and Irish Republican Army insurgencies. In these cases, the high population density and built... likely capitalized on each of these distinctly urban advantages to shape and improve its C3 system. The Muslim identity of the Iraqi insurgents parallels the religious beliefs and culture of the insurgents in Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Algeria...

Atkinson, Dwain; Collins, Matthew; Colmenares, Monica; McBane, Carla; Ritter, Kyle; Welling, Glen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

An Innovative Approach for Data Collection and Handling to Enable Advancements in Micro Air Vehicle Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Persistent Surveillance. (August 2009) Ryan David Goodnight, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Helen Reed The success of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts has led to increased... .............................. 24 10 Paparazzi Tiny V2.1 Autopilot System ...................................................... 25 11 Aerovironment Black Widow MAV Subsystem Anatomy ........................ 28 12 Texas A&M University Integrated MAV (IMAV) Inventor...

Goodnight, Ryan David

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

259

An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

Energy Independence for North America - Transition to the Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. transportation sector is almost totally dependent on liquid hydrocarbon fuels, primarily gasoline and diesel fuel from conventional oil. In 2002, the transportation sector accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. oil use; highway vehicles accounted for 54 percent of the U.S. oil use. Of the total energy consumed in the U.S., more than 40 percent came from oil. More significantly, more than half of this oil is imported and is projected by the Energy Information Agency (EIA) to increase to 68 percent by 2025 [1]. The supply and price of oil have been dictated by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2002, OPEC accounted for 39 percent of world oil production and this is projected by the EIA to increase to 50 percent in 2025. Of the world's oil reserves, about 80 percent is owned by OPEC members. Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets four times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-1991, and 1999- 2000) and with each came either a recession or slowdown in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the United States. In addition, these market upheavals have cost the U.S. approximately $7 trillion (in 1998 dollars) in total economic costs [2]. Finally, it is estimated that military expenditures for defending oil supplies in the Middle East range from $6 billion to $60 billion per year [3] and do not take into account the costs of recent military operations in Iraq (i.e., Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003). At the outset of his administration in 2001, President George W. Bush established the National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group to develop a national energy policy to promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound energy for the future in order to avert potential energy crises. In the National Energy Policy report [4], the NEPD Group urges action by the President to meet five specific national goals that America must meet--''modernize conservation, modernize our energy infrastructure, increase energy supplies, accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment, and increase our nation's energy security.'' It is generally recognized that energy security can be achieved partially by reducing importation of oil from sources that are less politically stable.

Eberhardt, J.

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

262

Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

Popescu, B.M.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Pricing statistics sourcebook. 5. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thousands of historical and current prices for crude oil, NGL, petroleum products, natural gas and electric power are presented in easy to read tables. The book includes spot, posted and future prices; prices by state and by country; and monthly and annual prices. Most monthly price series go back 25 years. This comprehensive source for energy industry prices is a must for anyone involved in planning and budgeting. The Pricing Statistics Sourcebook has all of the essential key energy price statistics needed for analysis of the US and international oil and gas industries. Also include: an appendix of IEA, OECD and OPEC member lists, conversion factors heat content of fuels; and major events affecting the oil and gas industry since 1859. The book includes a summary analysis of significant changes in key data series written by Bob Beck, Economics Editor of the Oil and Gas Journal.

NONE

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

An Analysis of the Impact of Sport Utility Vehicles in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It may be labeled sport utility vehicle, SUV, sport-ute, suburban assault vehicle, or a friend of OPEC (Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries). It has been the subject of comics, the object of high-finance marketing ploys, and the theme of Dateline. Whatever the label or the occasion, this vehicle is in great demand. The popularity of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has increased dramatically since the late 1970s, and SUVs are currently the fastest growing segment of the motor vehicle industry. Hoping to gain market share due to the popularity of the expanding SUV market, more and more manufacturers are adding SUVs to their vehicle lineup. One purpose of this study is to analyze the world of the SUV to determine why this vehicle has seen such a rapid increase in popularity. Another purpose is to examine the impact of SUVs on energy consumption, emissions, and highway safety.

Davis, S.C.; Truett, L.F.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The global energy system faces sweeping changes in the next few decades, with potentially critical implications for the global economy and the global environment. It is important that global institutions have the tools necessary to predict, analyze and plan for such massive change. This report summarizes the proceedings of an international workshop concerning methods of forecasting, analyzing, and planning for global energy transitions and their economic and environmental consequences. A specific case, it focused on the transition from conventional to unconventional oil and other energy sources likely to result from a peak in non-OPEC and/or global production of conventional oil. Leading energy models from around the world in government, academia and the private sector met, reviewed the state-of-the-art of global energy modeling and evaluated its ability to analyze and predict large-scale energy transitions.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

An Assessment of Energy and Environmental Issues Related to the Use of Gas-to-Liquid Fuels in Transportation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO2 emissions produced during the conversion process.

Greene, D.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

An assessment of energy and environmental issues related to the use of gas-to-liquid fuels in transportation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels, combined with a growing need for cleaner, low-sulfur distillate fuel to mitigate the environmental impacts of diesel engines have raised the possibility of a substantial global gas-to-liquids (G-T-L) industry. This report examines the implications of G-T-L supply for U.S. energy security and the environment. It appears that a G-T-L industry would increase competitiveness in world liquid fuels markets, even if OPEC states are major producers of G-T-L's. Cleaner G-T-L distillates would help reduce air pollution from diesel engines. Implications for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be positive or negative, depending on the sources of natural gas, their alternative uses, and the degree of sequestration that can be achieved for CO{sub 2} emissions produced during the conversion process.

Greene, D.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

War curbs oil exports by Iran and Iraq  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A discussion of the effects of the war between Iran and Iraq on oil exports from the area covers damage (extent unknown) to the Abadan, Iran, and Basra, Iraq, oil refineries, to the Iraqi petrochemical complex under construction at Basra, to oil export terminals at Kharg Island and Mina-al-Bakr, and to other oil facilities; war-caused reductions in oil production, refining, shipping, and export, estimated at 2.05-3.35 million bbl/day; the possible effects of the war on OPEC's decisions concerning oil production and pricing; the significance of the Strait of Hormuz for the export of oil by several countries in addition to the belligerents; the U.S. and non-Communist oil stocks which might enable the world to avoid an oil shortage if the war is ended in the near future; and the long-term effects of the war on Iran's and Iraq's oil industries.

Not Available

1980-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

269

Search for a bridge to the energy future: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The alarming effects, concerns, and even the insights into long-range energy planning that grew out of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 are fading from the view of a shortsighted public. The enthusiastic initiatives taken in many countries for the development of alternative energy sources have withered due to lack of economic and/or ideological incentive. The events since December 1985, when the members of OPEC decided to increase production in an effort to capture their share of market, have brought down the prices of a barrel of crude to less than US $11 and have made any rational analysis very complex. This has made even the proponents of the alternative energy sources pause and think. The US has, as usual, oscillated from panic to complacency. The Libyan crisis, however, has brought the dangers of complacency into sharp focus. The first commercial coal gasification plant, constructed with a capital investment of over US $2 billion, was abandoned by the owners and is being operated by the US Department of Energy temporarily. In their effort to find a private owner, the US Department of Energy has set the date of auction of this prestigious plant for May 28, 1986. And if an appropriate bid is not forthcoming, the plant faces a very uncertain future. Coal, considered by the World Coal Study (WOCOL) at MIT in 1980, to be a bridge to a global energy future, seems to have lost its luster due to the oil glut which we all know is temporary. This was evident when the bill to grant the Right of Eminent Domain for transportation of coal was defeated. This conference was organized to bring together experts in different areas from various countries to discuss the state of the art and the rate of progress in different alternative energy forms. The recent accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in USSR has brought home the need of diversification of the alternative energy sources.

Saluja, S.S. (ed.)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Competitiveness of Mexican crude  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mexico is under great pressure to maintain oil export revenue levels if it is to avoid a reversal in its economic recovery program. While the country's vulnerability to a price plunge is also applicable to OPEC countries, the North Sea producers, and others, Mexico does have an ace. The ace is that its heavier, metals-ridden and sulfur-laden Maya crude, which had to be pushed on customers until about 1981, is now in strong demand. Comparisons are presented of the market value of five crude oils refined in the US Gulf Coast: West Texas Intermediate (or WTI, a 40/sup 0/ API, light), Arabian Light and Isthmus (both 34/sup 0/ medium-light), Alaska North Slope (or ANS, a 27/sup 0/ API, a medium), and Maya (22/sup 0/ API, medium-heavy). In this mix, the heavier the crude, the greater is the refining margin (except for Arabian Light, for which freight cost and product yield provide lower margins than those derived from WTI). The sacrifice by OPEC and other producers cutting crude oil prices was to the benefit to refiners' improved margins during the first half of 1983. Those cuts were on the lighter-quality oils. But prices for heavier Venezuelan, Californian, and Mexican crudes increased during the second half of 1983, due to developing refinery technologies in extracting favorable product yields from them. This issue of Energy Detente presents their fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for December 1983 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Not Available

1983-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Investigating the Current Terrorist Threat to the U.S. Homeland - Determining al-Qa'ida's Targeting Strategy: Who's in the Crosshairs?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the withdrawal of Western forces from Muslim lands, and 4 establishing a global Caliphate. 5 Introduction Al-Qa‘ida: Then and Now In the years leading up to September 11, 2001, al-Qa?ida functioned primarily as a top- down organization whose... attacks.1 That trend of direct involvement in all stages of an operation‘s planning lasted until after the 9/11 attacks when the United States invaded Afghanistan and drove al-Qa?ida from its base in late 2001.2 US and allied counterterrorism...

Bacon-Ward, Ashley; Bell, Kevin; Brandt, Gretchen; Brown, Nathan; Figuerola, Andy; Foix, Marissa; Formanek, Mary; Holden, David; Vrdoljak, Denis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

University Calendar, April 17, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Bliss 2007).” 7 p.m. 318 Bailey Hall. Free. Sponsored by Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies. Call 785-864-4248. Meeting. KU Peace Corps Sendoff. 7 p.m. Jayhawk Room, Kansas Union. Free. Sponsored by Peace Corps. Call 785... Fraser Hall. Cost: $30/8 sessions. Sponsored by Department of Psychology. Call 785-864-4121. Conference. Annual KU-Fort Leavenworth Security Conference: "Afghanistan 2014: Impacts on Global Security.” 8 a.m. Malott Room, Kansas Union. Free...

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

Exogenous Oil Supply Shocks: How Big Are They and How Much Do They Matter for the U.S. Economy?” forthcoming: Review of Economics and Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Since the oil crises of the 1970s there has been strong interest in the question of how oil production shortfalls caused by wars and other exogenous political events in OPEC countries affect oil prices, U.S. real GDP growth and U.S. CPI inflation. This study focuses on the modern OPEC period since 1973. The results differ from the conventional wisdom along a number of dimensions. First, it is shown that under reasonable assumptions the timing, magnitude and even the sign of exogenous oil supply shocks may differ greatly from current state-of-the-art estimates. Second, the common view that the case for the exogeneity of at least the major oil price shocks is strong is supported by the data for the 1980/81 and 1990/91 oil price shocks, but not for other oil price shocks. Notably, statistical measures of the net oil price increase relative to the recent past do not represent the exogenous component of oil prices. In fact, only a small fraction of the observed oil price increases during crisis periods can be attributed to exogenous oil production disruptions. Third, compared to previous indirect estimates of the effects of exogenous supply disruptions on real GDP growth that treated major oil price increases as exogenous, the direct estimates obtained in this paper suggest a sharp drop after five quarters rather than an immediate and sustained reduction in economic growth for a year. They also suggest a spike in CPI inflation three quarters after the exogenous oil supply shock rather than a sustained increase in inflation, as is sometimes conjectured. Finally, the results of this paper put into perspective the importance of exogenous oil production shortfalls in the Middle East. It is shown that exogenous oil supply shocks made remarkably little difference overall for the evolution of U.S. real GDP growth and CPI inflation since the 1970s, although they did matter for some historical episodes. Key Words: Oil shock; war; counterfactual; oil supply; exogeneity; weak instruments. JEL: E32, C32.

Lutz Kilian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Oil imports: US energy dependence remains high after the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When Saddam Hussein sent his troops across the border into oil-rich Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990, the stage was set for yet another global oil shock. To most everyone's surprise, the gulf war's impact on oil supplies was less traumatic, in the long run, than expected. But the situation nonetheless forces the US to confront its continued dependence on oil imports. During the last major energy crisis, in 1978-1979, oil shortages resulted in higher prices and prompted Americans to save energy. Oil imports shrank. But the subsequent fall in oil prices prompted consumers to return to bigger, less-efficient cars, and oil imports climbed back up. Then Saddam plundered his neighbor, putting the torch to more than 500 Kuwaiti oil wells and sparking the US to re-examine its energy policies. This article examines the issues involved in increased U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Areas covered are history of U.S. oil dominance, postwar (WWII) import quotas, the birth of OPEC, Reagan and Bush Administration energy policies, gas mileage standards, and the future of continued dependence.

Cooper, M.H.

1991-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Development of reduced crude cracking catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1974 OPEC imposed an embargo on oil to the United States and caused a rapid rise in the price of a barrel of oil. At the time of the embargo, Ashland imported a considerable portion of its oil from the Middle East, thus raising the question of oil availability. As the problem increased in severity, Messrs. George Meyer, Oliver Zandona and Llyod Busch, began to explore alternative ways of squeezing more product from a given barrel of crude. After considering many alternatives, they arrived at the innovative thought that it might be possible to catalytically crack the 1050{degree}F plus fraction of the barrel directly to gasoline which would in effect, give them an additional volume of crude oil. Also, if vacuum fractionation were eliminated and if the entire 650{degree}F plus (reduced crude) portion of the barrel processed, this would further reduce operating costs. With these objectives and some new process innovations in mind, they began reduced crude cracking experimentation in a small 12,000 B/D FCC operating unit at Louisville. It was from these goals, concepts and a small operating unit, that the RCC process was born.

Hettinger, W.P. Jr. (Ashland Petroleum Company, KY (USA))

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

Rawls, L.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Middle East crisis and US energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

Not Available

1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Soviet Union oil sector outlook grows bleaker still  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the outlook for the U.S.S.R's oil sector which grows increasingly bleak and with it prospects for the Soviet economy. Plunging Soviet oil production and exports have analysts revising near term oil price outlooks, referring to the Soviet oil sector's self-destructing and Soviet oil production in a freefall. County NatWest, Washington, citing likely drops in Soviet oil production and exports (OGJ, Aug. 5, p. 16), has jumped its projected second half spot price for West Texas intermediate crude by about $2 to $22-23/bbl. Smith Barney, New York, forecasts WTI postings at $24-25/bbl this winter, largely because of seasonally strong world oil demand and the continued collapse in Soviet oil production. It estimates the call on oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at more than 25 million b/d in first quarter 1992. That would be the highest level of demand for OPEC oil since 1980, Smith Barney noted.

Not Available

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "opec afghanistan albania" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Everything depends on the Saudis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Oilgopoly: a general equilibrium model of the oil-macroeconomy nexus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia is the largest player in the world oil market. It maintains ample spare capacity, restricts investment in developing reserves, and its output is negatively correlated with other OPEC producers. While this behavior does not …t into the perfect competition paradigm, we show that it can be rationalized as that of a dominant producer with competitive fringe. We build a quantitative general equilibrium model along these lines which is capable of matching the historical volatility of the oil price, competitive and non-competitive oil output, and of generating the observed comovement among the oil price, oil quantities, and U.S. GDP. We use our framework to answer questions on which available models are silent: (1) What are the proximate determinants of the oil price and how do they vary over the cycle? (2) How large are oil pro…ts and what losses do they imply for oil-importers? (3) What do di¤erent fundamental shocks imply for the comovement of oil prices and GDP? (4) What are the general equilibrium e¤ects of taxes on oil consumption or oil production? We …nd, in particular, that the existence of an oil production distortion does not necessarily justify an oil consumption tax di¤erent from zero. 1

Anton Nakov Y; Banco De Espańa; Galo Nuńo; Banco De Espańa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

World energy consumption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical and projected world energy consumption information is displayed. The information is presented by region and fuel type, and includes a world total. Measurements are in quadrillion Btu. Sources of the information contained in the table are: (1) history--Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 1992, DOE/EIA-0219(92); (2) projections--EIA, World Energy Projections System, 1994. Country amounts include an adjustment to account for electricity trade. Regions or country groups are shown as follows: (1) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US (not including US territories), which are included in other (ECD), Canada, Japan, OECD Europe, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, other Europe, and other OECD; (2) Eurasia--China, former Soviet Union, eastern Europe; (3) rest of world--Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other countries not included in any other group. Fuel types include oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and other. Other includes hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, biomass, wind, and other renewable sources.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Economic analysis of Western cooperation on oil: 1974-1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western cooperation on oil in the International Energy Agency (IEA) began as an effort to deter future selective oil embargoes and predatory OPEC pricing. Later, cooperation was extended to include more-general emergency-preparedness measures and collective efforts to reduce oil imports. Economic theory suggests that cooperation will lead to a more nearly optimal level of oil imports and oil stocks than action taken solely on a national basis. Nevertheless, the experience of the period between 1974 and 1980 demonstrates that cooperation is difficult to achieve. IEA countries made little progress in building oil stocks and implementing oil-import-reduction policies. They were unprepared for the Iranian oil-supply interruption and failed to take sufficiently effective steps to mitigate the effects of the interruption. A case study with several appendices reviews the agreements reached in the IEA and at annual economic summit meetings and details an evolution toward national oil-import targets a means of enforcing the discipline of oil-importing nations. Closer cooperation in oil-import reduction was slowed by burden-sharing problems. The study recommends policy measures that would enhance Western cooperation. These include market pricing and free trade of fuels, increased national oil and gas stocks, and a method of encouraging more flexible use of stocks during supply interruptions too small to trigger the formal IEA sharing system.

Larson, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Worry grows as Iran/Iraq war lingers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the Iran/Iraq war and the prospect of greater disruption of Persian Gulf oil deliveries, the international crude market has adjusted to the loss of supplies and remains stable, partly because some nonwarring members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries have boosted production to make up losses and partly because the industrialized nations have maintained high levels of crude and product stocks. These stocks would be draw-depleted in nine months if used at the rate of 1.8 million bbl/day; this and a 2 million bbl/day increase in OPEC production would make up for the entire war-caused shortfall. If the Strait of Hormuz were closed, the shortfall would be 17 million bbl/day, which would deplete stocks in less than one month. Patterns of supply and demand in non-Communist western countries in 1978-79 and 1979-80; the International Energy Agency oil-sharing plan which would go into effect in the case of a major oil shortage; and the prospects for a surge in prices in the international oil markets, are discussed.

Not Available

1980-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

286

Estimation and projection of the demand for refined petroleum products in Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main purpose of this study is to construct an econometric model for estimation and projection of oil-refined products in Iran based on the situation of the Iranian energy market. Part 1 reviews the existing literature and contains the salient socio-economic futures of OPEC countries in general and of Iran in particular. Explanation of the structure of Iran's domestic energy market (demand, supply, and price) is the main purpose of this part. In Part 2, the demand function for each refined petroleum product is analyzed, formulated, and estimated. The price and income elasticities of the demands for gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and fuel oil are analyzed and compared with those of other countries. In Part 3, after analyzing and estimating the demand functions for total refined products, first, the full model, including all the estimated demand functions is dynamically simulated over the sample periods (1955-1978) in order to evaluate the performance power of the model, then the amount of consumption of each refined product for the next decade (1979-1988), under three scenarios of the rate of growth of real GNP, 9%, 7% and 5% is projected.

Kianian, S.A.; Amin, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

Kavoossi, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Assessing world energy in the wake of the Iran/Iraq war: an oil shortage proves elusive. [Monograph  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reassessment of world energy supplies was made in the wake of curtailed exports during the Iran/Iraq war and the corresponding increase in world oil prices, the drop in oil consumption, the widening economic recession, and US decontrol of oil. The report concludes that present worldwide levels of oil production are adequate to satisfy projected levels of consumption through 1981. This leaves the world energy system in balance even if oil exports from Iran and Iraq remain at minimal levels for the year. Past overestimation of demand makes it more likely that this year's consumption will fall short of the projection. The way in which Saudi Arabia's output is cut will be the key to oil pricing in 1981, the authors feel, but the likely approach will be a gradual reduction in production that will allow the Saudis to regain control of OPEC. The effects of a receding demand for oil have been intensified by high US interest rates and the spreading recession. The effect of immediate decontrol of petroleum is likely to compound the trend for reduced consumption and a corresponding increase in efficiency. 2 figures, 2 tables.

Randol, W.L.; Verleger, P.K. Jr.; Clayman, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Emergency planning for the Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This was a talk given by Edward Teller for the LAMPF Users Group, Inc. The subjects discussed included: the SALT Treaty, military strengths of the USSR and USA, civil defense preparedness, the present Iranian-Afghanistan situations, and the possibility that the USSR will gain control of the mid-east oil industry. He suggested the following possibilities in preparing for the latter situation: the synthesis of oil from wood; the use of Alaskan coal by coal-slurry transport; the use of metha-coal; the use of in-situ coal gasification; the use of wind power; and the use of nuclear power. Several innovations currently underway in the state of Washington under the direction of Governor Dixie Lee Ray are pointed out. (DC)

Teller, E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

LLNL/LANS mission committee meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent events continue to show the national security imperative of the global security mission: (1) Fighting Proliferation - (a) At Yongbyon, 'a modern, industrial-scale U-enrichment facility w/2000 centrifuges' seen Nov. 2010, (b) In Iran, fueling began at Bushehr while P5+1/lran talks delayed to Dec. 2010; (2) Continuing need to support the warfighter and IC - (a) tensions on the Korean peninsula, (b) primitative IEDs a challenge in Afghanistan, (c) cyber command, (d)another Georgian smuggling event; and (3) Countering terrorisms on US soil - (a) toner cartridge bomb, (b) times square bomb, (c) christmas tree bomb. Joint Technical Operations Team (JTOT) and Accident Response Group (ARG) elements deployed to two East Coast locations in November to work a multi-weapon scenario. LANL provided 70% of on-duty field and reconstitution teams for both Marble Challenge 11-01 and JD 11-01. There were a total of 14 deployments in FY10.

Burns, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: A Low-Energy House in Berkeley, Kabul, and Washington DC (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

How well can we assess and improve building energy performance in California homes? How much energy-and carbon-do homes use in other parts of the world? Rick Diamond, deputy group leader of the Berkeley Lab Energy Performance of Buildings Group, discusses change, global solutions, and the stories of three houses in Berkeley, Kabul (Afghanistan), and Washington, D.C. Diamond, who is also a senior advisor at the California Institute for Energy and Environment, investigates user interactions with the built environment for improved building energy performance. The group has studied a wide range of issues related to energy use in housing, including duct system efficiency, user behavior, and infiltration and ventilation measurements.

Diamond, Rick

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

292

The Use of Isotope Dilution Alpha Spectrometry and Liquid Scintillation Counting to Determine Radionuclides in Environmental Samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Albania in recent years it has been of increasing interest to determine various pollutants in the environment and their possible effects on human health. The radiochemical procedure used to identify Pu, Am, U, Th, and Sr radioisotopes in soil, sediment, water, coal, and milk samples is described. The analysis is carried out in the presence of respective tracer solutions and combines the procedure for Pu analysis based on anion exchange, the selective method for Sr isolation based on extraction chromatography using Sr-Spec resin, and the application of the TRU-Spec column for separation of Am fraction. An acid digestion method has been applied for the decomposition of samples. The radiochemical procedure involves the separation of Pu from Th, Am, and Sr by anion exchange, followed by the preconcentration of Am and Sr by coprecipitation with calcium oxalate. Am is separated from Sr by extraction chromatography. Uranium is separated from the bulk elements by liquid-liquid extraction using UTEVA registered resin. Thin sources for alpha spectrometric measurements are prepared by microprecipitation with NdF3. Two International Atomic Energy Agency reference materials were analyzed in parallel with the samples.

Bylyku, Elida [Center of Applied Nuclear Physics, Tirana University, Tirana (Albania)

2009-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy vulnerability relationships  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US consumption of crude oil resources has been a steadily growing indicator of the vitality and strength of the US economy. At the same time import diversity has also been a rapidly developing dimension of the import picture. In the early 1970`s, embargoes of crude oil from Organization of Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) created economic and political havoc due to a significant lack of diversity and a unique set of economic, political and domestic regulatory circumstances. The continued rise of imports has again led to concerns over the security of our crude oil resource but threats to this system must be considered in light of the diversity and current setting of imported oil. This report develops several important issues concerning vulnerability to the disruption of oil imports: (1) The Middle East is not the major supplier of oil to the United States, (2) The US is not vulnerable to having its entire import stream disrupted, (3) Even in stable countries, there exist vulnerabilities to disruption of the export stream of oil, (4) Vulnerability reduction requires a focus on international solutions, and (5) DOE program and policy development must reflect the requirements of the diverse supply. Does this increasing proportion of imported oil create a {open_quotes}dependence{close_quotes}? Does this increasing proportion of imported oil present a vulnerability to {open_quotes}price shocks{close_quotes} and the tremendous dislocations experienced during the 1970`s? Finally, what is the vulnerability of supply disruptions from the current sources of imported oil? If oil is considered to be a finite, rapidly depleting resource, then the answers to these questions must be {open_quotes}yes.{close_quotes} However, if the supply of oil is expanding, and not limited, then dependence is relative to regional supply sources.

Shaw, B.R.; Boesen, J.L.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

How can energy-efficient structures compete in an inefficient energy market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The only way resources can be efficiently allocated in our market system is if prices of resources, goods, and services properly reflect their true value to society. However, because of (a) imperfections in the pricing mechanisms that currently influence private-sector decision making; (b) the difference in planning horizons between individuals and government; and (c) the external benefits that would accrue to society from energy-conscious decision making by individuals, it is apparent that there exists a substantial underinvestment in advanced-conservation and renewable-resource building technologies. Even if domestic energy prices were deregulated to reflect world market prices (now determined by OPEC) it is likely that underinvestment in energy-conscious design would still occur. For that reason, the only way that energy-conscious design will be implemented to the extent warranted is if a concerted political commitment is made to such a program at the Federal, state, and local levels. Such a commitment is not without precedent. The experiences of Davis and San Diego, California, and the TVA exemplify the extent to which energy conservation and renewable-resource development can be carried out if political leadership and support is established. It is known that technologies and design solutions for energy-efficient buildings are available today and are cost-effective. What remains to be seen is whether the political leadership of the United States will fully recognize the sensibility of a concerted conservation and renewable-energy-resource program for buildings as opposed to continued attempts at increasing energy production to supply an energy-inefficient-building inventory. 16 references.

Noll, S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

1982 Annual Energy Review. [1960 to 1982; in some cases for a longer period  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Total energy consumption in the United States equaled 70.9 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1982, a decline of 4.1% compared to 1981. Depressed economic activity was a major factor in reducing total energy demand. However, conservation also played a role as energy consumption per dollar of GNP continued to fall. Most of the decline in energy use involved petroleum and natural gas. Reduced petroleum demand translated into a 21.7% reduction in net petroleum imports. Natural gas demand and production fell, prompted by reduced economic activity and a substantial increase in prices. Crude oil prices fell for the first time in more than a decade. Weakened market conditions adversely affected the rate of domestic oil and gas exploration and development activities. Nonetheless, domestic crude oil production rose 1.2%. International activities were highlighted by a decline in crude oil production, especially by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a decrease in crude oil prices, and a substantial increase in electricity production by nuclear-powered utility plants in non-Communist countries. Energy production in the United States in 1982 remained essentially unchanged from that of 1981, as small gains in hydroelectric power and nuclear power production were offset by losses in natural gas production. For the third straight year, energy consumption in the United States declined. Whereas declines in 1980 and 1981 resulted primarily from consumer response to higher prices and conservation, the 1982 decline reflected primarily an economic slowdown, especially in industry. Annual per capita consumption fell to 306 million Btu, the lowest level since 1967. Changes in energy prices in 1982 were mixed. Whereas most petroleum prices declined, prices of natural gas, coal, and electricity rose.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

297

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Uzbekistan Radiation Portal Monnitoring System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work proposed in this presentation builds on the foundation set by the DTRA funded demonstration project begun in 2000 and completed in December of 2003. This previous work consisted of two phases whose overall objective was to install portal radiation monitors at four select ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan (Tashkent International Airport, Gisht-Kuprik (Kazakhstan border), Alat (Turkmenistan border), and Termez (Afghanistan border)) in order to demonstrate their effectiveness in preventing the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. The objectives also included developing and demonstrating capabilities in the design, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of a radiation portal monitoring system. The system and demonstration project has proved successful in many ways. An effective working relationship among the Uzbekistan Customs Services, Uzbekistan Border Guards, and Uzbekistan Institute of Nuclear Physics has been developed. There has been unprecedented openness with the sharing of portal monitor data with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The system has proved to be effective, with detection of illicit trafficking, and, at Alat, an arrest of three persons illegally transporting radioactive materials into Turkmenistan. The demonstration project has made Uzbekistan a model nonproliferation state in Central Asia and, with an expanded program, places them in a position to seal a likely transit route for illicit nuclear materials. These results will be described. In addition, this work is currently being expanded to include additional ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan. The process for deciding on which additional ports-of-entry to equip will also be described.

Richardson, J; Knapp, R; Loshak, A; Yuldashev, B; Petrenko, V

2005-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Scientists train honeybees to detect explosives  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Members of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Stealthy Insect Sensor Project team have been able to harness the honeybee's exceptional olfactory sense by using the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue) to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian techniques, researchers were able to train the bees to give a positive detection response via the PER when exposed to vapors from TNT, C4, and TATP explosives. The Stealthy Insect Sensor Project was born out of a global threat from the growing use of improvised explosive devices or IEDs, especially those that present a critical vulnerability for American military troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and as an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. Current strategies to detect explosives are expensive and, in the case of trained detection dogs, too obtrusive to be used very discreetly. With bees however, they are small and discreet, offering the element of surprise. They're also are inexpensive to maintain and even easier to train than dogs. As a result of this need, initial funding for the work was provided by a development grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

None

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

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301

The Enemy Below - The Global Diffusion of Submarines and Related Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The end of the Cold War seemed to create a more peaceful international environment. September 11 reminded us of the dangers of complacency. Indeed, even before September 11 US forces had intervened in a number of wars and crises, including Panama, the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, several Taiwan Straits crises, the North Korea nuclear weapons crisis, and most recently Afghanistan. US ability to intervene in remote areas of the world is often dependent on the Navy's ability to project power ashore. As a result, US ability to influence events in crisis situations, especially between or among nuclear powers, may become more difficult along with our ability to conduct littoral warfare. Although the numbers of potentially hostile submarines have declined with the end of the Cold War, US anti-submarine warfare capabilities have also declined. Moreover, foreign submarines and related technologies are likely to diffuse globally. New technologies like Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), improved weapons and sensors will make conventional submarines more dangerous, and the spread of nuclear submarines even to a few more countries raise political, military, environmental, and safety concerns. Submarines are one of the key weapon systems used alone or in combination with other weapon systems such as coastal defense missiles, aircraft, and other sea-based missile platforms to deny US ability to project power ashore, Thus, other countries who wish to deny the US the ability to interfere with their regional or even global ambitions may emphasize the acquisition and/or development of submarines. As the world become more multipolar over the longer term, as the Chinese believe it will, countries such as Russia, China. etc., may be able to acquire the submarine capabilities to challenge us not just regionally, but in blue waters. To the extent that our alliance relationships require US naval access or superiority to sustain them, then our erstwhile friendly allies such as Japan, South Korea, ASEAN states, Taiwan, etc., may seek their own arrangements with other powers for their protection or seek WMD capabilities to offset the former reliance on the US. In addition to a loss of unchallenged regional access, the US may have to devote greater resources for protecting its homeland, and perhaps its sea-based deterrent, from hostile submarine forces.

Weiss, K G

2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

302

The structures of marialite (Me[subscript 6]) and meionite (Me[subscript 93]) in space groups P4[subscript 2]/n and I4/m, and the absence of phase transitions in the scapolite series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structures of marialite (Me{sub 6}) from Badakhshan, Afghanistan and meionite (Me{sub 93}) from Mt. Vesuvius, Italy were obtained using synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data and Rietveld structure refinements. Their structures were refined in space groups I4/m and P42/n, and similar results were obtained. The Me{sub 6} sample has a formula Ca{sub 0.24}Na{sub 3.37}K{sub 0.24}[Al{sub 3.16}Si{sub 8.84}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.84}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.15}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.047555(7), c = 7.563210(6) {angstrom}, and V = 1097.751(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}. The average (T1-O) distances are 1.599(1) {angstrom} in I4/m and 1.600(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n, indicating that the T1 site contains only Si atoms. In P4{sub 2}/n, the average distances of (T2-O) = 1.655(2) and (T3-O) = 1.664(2) {angstrom} are distinct and are not equal to each other. However, the mean (T2,3-O) = 1.659(2) {angstrom} in P4{sub 2}/n and is identical to the (T2-O) = 1.659(1) {angstrom} in I4/m. The (M-O) [7] = 2.754(1) {angstrom} (M site is coordinated to seven framework O atoms) and M-A = 2.914(1) {angstrom}; these distances are identical in both space groups. The Me{sub 93} sample has a formula of Na{sub 0.29}Ca{sub 3.76}[Al{sub 5.54}Si{sub 6.46}O{sub 24}]Cl{sub 0.05}(SO{sub 4}){sub 0.02}(CO{sub 3}){sub 0.93}, and its unit-cell parameters are a = 12.19882(1), c = 7.576954(8) {angstrom}, and V = 1127.535(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}. A similar examination of the Me{sub 93} sample also shows that both space groups give similar results; however, the C-O distance is more reasonable in P4{sub 2}/n than in I4/m. Refining the scapolite structure near Me{sub 0} or Me{sub 100} in I4/m forces the T2 and T3 sites (both with multiplicity 8 in P4{sub 2}/n) to be equivalent and form the T2' site (with multiplicity 16 in I4/m), but (T2-O) is not equal to (T3-O) in P4{sub 2}/n. Using different space groups for different regions across the series implies phase transitions, which do not occur in the scapolite series.

Antao, Sytle M.; Hassan, Ishmael (West Indies) [West Indies; (Calgary)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

303

Retrofiting survivability of military vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Iraq the terrain was such that vehicles could be distributed horizontally, which reduced the effectiveness of mines. In the mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Afghanistan vehicles are forced to use the few, passable roads, which are dirt and easily seeded with plentiful, cheap, intelligent mines. It is desirable to reduce the losses to such mines, preferably by retrofit means that do not greatly increase weight or cost or reduce maneuverability. V-bottom vehicles - A known approach to reducing vulnerability is the Buffalo, a large vehicle developed by South Africa to address mine warfare. It has large tires, high axles, and a reinforced, v-shaped bottom that deflects the blast from explosions below. It is developed and tested in combat, but is expensive and has reduced off-road mobility. The domestic MRAP has similar cost and mobility issue. The addition of v-shaped blast deflectors to vehicles such as Humvees could act much as the deflector on a Buffalo, but a Humvee is closer to the ground, so the explosive's expansion would be reduced. The deflector would also reduce a Humvee's clearance for rough terrain, and a deflector of adequate thickness to address the blast by itself could further increase cost and reduce mobility. Reactive armor is developed and has proven effective against shaped and explosive charges from side or top attack. It detects their approach, detonates, and defeats them by interfering with jet formation. If the threat was a shaped charge from below, they would be a logical choice. But the bulk of the damage to Humvees appears to be from the blast from high explosive mines for which the colliding shock from reactive armor could increase that from the explosive. Porous materials such as sand can strongly attenuate the kinetic energy and pressure of a strong shock. Figure 1 shows the kinetic energy (KE), momentum (Mu), velocity (u), and mass (M) of a spherically expanding shock as functions of radius for a material with a porosity of 0.5. Over the range from 0.5 to 4.5 cm the shock KE is attenuated by a factor of {approx}70, while its momentum is changed little. The shock and particle velocity falls by a factor of 200 while the mass increases by a factor of 730. In the limit of very porous media u {approx} 1/M, so KE {approx} 1/M, which falls by a factor of {approx}600, while momentum Mu does not change at all. Figure 2 shows the KE, Mu, u, and M for a material with a porosity of 1.05, for which the KE changes little. In the limit of media of very low porosity, u {approx} 1/{radical}M, so KE is constant while Mu {approx} {radical}M, which increases by a factor of 15. Thus, if the goal is to reduce the peak pressure from strong explosions below, very porous materials, which strongly reduce pressure but do not increase momentum, are preferred to non-porous materials, which amplify momentum but do not decrease pressure. These predictions are in qualitative accord with the results of experiments at Los Alamos in which projectiles from high velocity, large caliber cannons were stopped by one to two sandbags. The studies were performed primarily to determine the effectiveness of sand in stopping fragments of various sizes, but could be extended to study sand's effectiveness in attenuating blast pressure. It would also be useful to test the above predictions on the effectiveness of media with higher porosity. Water barriers have been discussed but not deployed in previous retrofit survivability studies for overseas embassies. They would detect the flash from the mine detonation below, trigger a thin layer of explosive above a layer of water, and drive water droplets into the approaching blast wave. The blast loses energy in evaporating the droplets and loses momentum in slowing them. Under favorable conditions that could attenuate the pressure in the blast enough to prevent the penetration or disruption of the vehicle. However, such barriers would depend on prompt and reliable detonation detection and water droplet dispersal, which have not been tested. There is a large literature on the theoretical effec

Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z