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1

Tectonics of the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and Southern Pakistan Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf has major economic importance because of oil ... , the two geological provinces which border the Persian Gulf (Fig. 1). Bordering the Gulf of Oman on the east are the...

Kees A. De Jong

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion...

3

Transitional development within shifting spheres of conflict : the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines how an NGO can function and create change within the shifting domains of Palestinian stability and conflict through the case study of the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee (UPMRC). Palestinian ...

Erekat, Dana (Dana M.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Oman Oil Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oman Oil Company Oman Oil Company Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Oman Oil Company (S.A.O.C.) Name Oman Oil Company (S.A.O.C.) Place Muscat, Oman Product Oil exploration and production Year founded 1966 Phone number + 968 - 2457 3100 Website http://www.oman-oil.com/ Coordinates 23.607918997246°, 58.492176532745° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":23.607918997246,"lon":58.492176532745,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Oman: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oman: Energy Resources Oman: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":21,"lon":57,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

pakistan | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pakistan pakistan Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

7

NNSA, Sultanate of Oman Conduct WMD Terrorism-Related Commodities...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Sultanate of Oman Conduct WMD Terrorism-Related Commodities Workshop and Counterterrorism Tabletop Exercise | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube...

8

Nationality and Belonging : A case study of a Palestinian community in Egypt.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is concerned with nationality and belonging in the context of a Palestinian community in Egypt. A central concept in the theory is the (more)

Nilsen, Bente Lien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas Country Oman Name Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas Address Al-Khuwair, Ministry Streets, Opposite Sultan Qaboos Street City Muscat Website http://www.mog.gov.om/english/ Coordinates 23.6138199°, 58.5922413° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":23.6138199,"lon":58.5922413,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Oman ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

11

U.S. LNG Imports from Oman  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

12

Abundance of demersal sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abundance of demersal ¢sh resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea T. Valinassab*P , R in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Samples were taken at a total of 316 trawl stations selected following a strati demersal ¢sh biomass was estimated to be approximately 73,000 tonnes in Persian Gulf waters

Pierce, Graham

13

Solar electricity prospects in Oman using GIS-based solar radiation maps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses solar power prospects in Oman. First, the geographic and topographic information about Oman are presented. The methodology of producing solar radiation maps using GIS tools is then discussed. The results obtained show very high potential of solar radiation over all the lands of Oman during the whole year. A slope analysis has allowed calculating the yearly electricity generation potential for different Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technologies such as the parabolic trough, parabolic dish, tower, and concentrated PV. For instance if only 10% of the land of Oman with a slope less than 1% is considered an exploitable land for the parabolic trough CSP technology, then the total calculated potential of yearly electricity generation would be about 7.6 millionGWh, which is many multiples of (680 times) the current generation supply in Oman which was about 11,189GWh in 2007.

Adel Gastli; Yassine Charabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Pakistan Joint Press Statement - Pakistan Joint Press Statement U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement March 13, 2006 - 11:50am Addthis ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN - As agreed during President Bush's visit to Pakistan on 3-4 March 2006, U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman visited Islamabad today to discuss a wide range of issues related to Pakistan's growing energy needs. Secretary Bodman's visit symbolizes the strengthened and expanded relationship between the United States and Pakistan over the last five years. Closer U.S.-Pakistan ties and cooperation have helped to bolster Pakistan's economy, which registered the second fastest growth in Asia last year. To continue this solid economic growth, Pakistan must have sufficient energy through a broad range of energy sources to ensure its energy security.

15

Solar energy potential in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In view of the growing needs of energy in Pakistan the efficient use and development of renewable energy sources has become a major issue in the country. This has brought the intention of several national and multinational companies to design and implement a major work plan for energy conservation and construction of renewable energy sources like wind mills and solar panels. Fortunately Pakistan is among those countries in which sun warms the surface throughout the year and therefore has a strong potential for solar power generation. This study was conducted to explore those areas which are most suitable for solar energy potential using fifty eight meteorological stations covering the whole country. Angstrom equation and Hargreaves formula was used to calculate monthly solar energy potential by utilizing monthly climatical data of bright sunshine hours mean maximum and minimum temperatures. The lowest solar radiation intensity 76.49?W/m2 observed at Cherat during December and highest 339.25?W/m2 at Gilgit. The average monthly solar radiation intensity remains 136.05 to 287.36?W/m2 in the country. The results indicate that the values of solar radiation intensity greater than 200?W/m2 were observed in the months: February to October in Sindh March to October in almost all regions of Balochistan April to September in NWFP Northern Areas and Kashmir regions while March to October in Punjab. For 10?h a day average solar radiation intensity ranges from 1500?W/m2/day to 2750?W/m2/day in Pakistan especially in southern Punjab Sindh and Balochistan regions throughout the year. In an area of 100 m2 45?MW to 83?MW power per month may be generated in the above mentioned regions.

Shahzada Adnan; Azmat Hayat Khan; Sajjad Haider; Rashed Mahmood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Solar Swimming Pool Heating in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hotels and swimming clubs in Pakistan pay huge gas bills for heating Swimming pools in winter. Winter days in most parts ... solar collectors may be used to extend the swimming season. Installing the pool in a wi...

Irshad Ahmad; Nasim A Khan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Fractional Doses of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine in Oman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...paracetamol, and instructions were given to parents to administer 50 mg every 8 hours for 3 days. Infants were evaluated for adverse events through home visits conducted at 24 hours after each vaccination by qualified medical staff members who were aware of the study-vaccination assignments. In addition... Determining an economically sustainable way to deliver the poliovirus vaccine remains a challenge and a priority. In this article, investigators in Oman show that with a one-fifth dose of the inactivated poliovirus vaccine given intradermally, the seroconversion rates at 7 months of age to all three poliovirus serotypes were equivalent to the rates with the standard full-dose vaccine given intramuscularly. However the median antibody titers were lower with the fractional dose than with the full dose.

Mohammed A.J.; AlAwaidy S.; Bawikar S.

2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

18

Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intelligence Agency (US CIA). (2012). Th e world factbook:Indonesia, and Brazil (US CIA 2012). Initially consisting of

Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Export.gov - Index_Page_Welcome_to_Pakistan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pakistani Importers Pakistani Importers Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Pakistan Local Time: Print | E-mail Page Pakistan Pakistan Home Doing Business in Pakistan Market Research on Pakistan Services for Pakistani Companies Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Useful Links Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Worldwide Markets Welcome to the U.S. Commercial Service Pakistan kistan_banner The U.S. Commercial Service in Pakistan is responsible for U.S. export

20

Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan: Energy Resources Pakistan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30,"lon":70,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Oman India Pipeline: An operational repair strategy based on a rational assessment of risk  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a repair strategy for the operational phase of the Oman India Pipeline based upon the probability and consequences of a pipeline failure. Risk analyses and cost benefit analyses performed provide guidance on the level of deepwater repair development effort appropriate for the Oman India Pipeline project and identifies critical areas toward which more intense development effort should be directed. The risk analysis results indicate that the likelihood of a failure of the Oman India Pipeline during its 40-year life is low. Furthermore, the probability of operational failure of the pipeline in deepwater regions is extremely low, the major proportion of operational failure risk being associated with the shallow water regions.

German, P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics...

23

EPR microplates, a model for the Oman Ophiolite F. Boudier, A. Nicolas, B. lldefonseand D. Jousselin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPR microplates, a model for the Oman Ophiolite F. Boudier, A. Nicolas, B. lldefonseand D a palaeoridgeorganization with similarities to an EPR microplate, forming in superfast spreading conditions. A NW Rise (EPR), and observed also in back- arc basins like Manus (Martinez and Taylor, 1995

Demouchy, Sylvie

24

Pipeline repair development in support of the Oman to India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a summary of development which has been conducted to date for the ultra deep, diverless pipeline repair system for the proposed Oman to India Gas Pipeline. The work has addressed critical development areas involving testing and/or prototype development of tools and procedures required to perform a diverless pipeline repair in water depths of up to 3,525 m.

Abadie, W.; Carlson, W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103mu3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103mu3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

26

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

27

Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting March 13, 2006 - 11:48am Addthis Discuss Pakistan's energy opportunities; Follows United States-Pakistan Strategic Partnership launched by President Bush earlier this month WASHINGTON, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today visited Pakistan, the first stop in his four-nation swing where he will discuss ways that the U.S. and Pakistan can increase cooperation on energy-related issues. The Secretary's visit follows President Bush's pledge earlier this month to hold a high-level meeting between U.S. and Pakistani officials to collaborate on solutions to Pakistan's energy sources. "The U.S. and Pakistan are strong allies and America supports the people of

28

DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi, DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi, 6/12/96 7:53 AM ... ..... ........ ..... f M ain T ri........... . Trip Per Name Aff Phase Offici Bus ______Company/ Trip # # Last, First Code Pre Main Advan Deleg Deleg Other Travel Dates Org Code Function 8 4f l..__.__ C-1 _ Y _ ______BC _09/19-25/94 Lawrence Berkeley Lab. 7Bus Deleg 8 _1 __ F-1i BC __ __ 09/11-25/94 HR-77 4Substance 8 2 F-f- Y 08/17-27/94 PO-72 4Substance 8 2 F-1 - Y _BC 09/19-25/94 PO-72 4Substance 8 231 F-1. 8 = B 0911-28/94 HR-432.3 2Commo 8 4 F-2 t Y BC 09/19-25194 S-1 4Substance 8 166 F-1' i Y - BC 09/19-25/94 TSD/PCS I Security 8 13 F-1 ' C ~ 09/10.25/94 HR-853 3Admin 8 18 F-1 I A _A 09/13-23/94 TSD/SCS 1 Security 8 19 F-i1 BC 09/11-26/94 FE-30 4Substance 8 21 __F-1 ." B 09/13-22/94 HR-851 3Admin

29

Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Boron Deficiency in Cotton Grown on Calcareous Soils of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Pakistan is grown in irrigated cotton-wheat system on ~3 Mha alkaline-calcareous, alluvial soils. Despite enhanced use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisers, however, cotton pro...

E. Rafique; A. Rashid; A. U. Bhatti; G. Rasool

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Middle East Bahrain Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestinian Territories Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab...

32

Solar-hydrogen energy system for Pakistan  

SciTech Connect

A solar-hydrogen energy system has been proposed for Pakistan as the best replacement for the present fossil fuel based energy system. It has been suggested to produce hydrogen via photovoltaic-electrolysis, utilizing the available non-agricultural sunny terrain in Baluchistan region. There will be a desalination plant for sea water desalination. The area under the photovoltaic panels with the availability of water would provide suitable environment for growing some cash crops. This would change the cast useless desert land into green productive farms. In order to show the quantitative benefits of the proposed system, future trends of important energy and economical parameters have been studied with and without hydrogen introduction. The following parameters have been included: population, energy demand (fossil + hydrogen), energy production (fossil + hydrogen), gross national product, fossil energy imports, world energy prices, air pollution, quality of life, environmental savings due to hydrogen introduction, savings due to the higher utilization efficiency of hydrogen, by-product credit, agricultural income, income from hydrogen sale, photovoltaic cell area, total land area, water desalination plant capacity, capital investment, operating and maintenance cost, and total income from the system. The results indicate that adopting the solar-hydrogen energy system would eliminate the import dependency of fossil fuels, increase gross product per capita, reduce pollution, improve quality of life and establish a permanent and clean energy system. The total annual expenditure on the proposed system is less than the total income from the proposed system. The availability of water, the cash crop production, electricity and hydrogen would result in rapid development of Baluchistan, the largest province of Pakistan.

Lutfi, N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Mapping vulnerability to climate change and its repercussions on human health in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classification of Agro Ecological Zones is based upon an Asian Development Bank study on agricultural growth and rural poverty in Pakistan [5] that divides Pakistan into nine agro-ecological zones. The corres...

Sadia Mariam Malik; Haroon Awan; Niazullah Khan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Modelling and forecasting Oman crude oil prices using Box-Jenkins techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Box-Jenkins' Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) modelling approach has been applied for the time series analysis of monthly average prices of Oman crude oil taken over a period of 10 years. Several seasonal and non-seasonal ARIMA models were identified. These models were then estimated and compared for their adequacy using the significance of the parameter estimates, mean square errors and Modified Box-Pierce (Ljung-Box) Chi-Square statistic. Based on these criterion a multiplicative seasonal model of the form ARIMA (1,1,5)x(1,1,1) was recommended for short term forecasting.

M.I. Ahmad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Status of biodiesel research and development in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance of biodiesel in engines is well established and biodiesel is currently adjudged as a low carbon fuel with the most potential of replacing fossil fuels. The fossil fuel sources are dwindling in Pakistan resulting in importation of about 8.1 million tonnes at approximately US$ 9.4 billion per annum. In the ambit of this justification, augmenting the energy scarce resources in Pakistan through intense harnessing of the varied biodiesel sources can adequately address the deficiency and can ensure energy security. Towards this end, the progress attained in biodiesel related researches in Pakistan are evaluated and presented with the view of highlighting ways of achieving the target set by the Government. A feedstock that drew less attention is spent triglycerides, and the little work reported by some organizations appeared promising. Now the onus is upon organizations such as the Alternative Energy Development Board and Pakistan State Oil to harness the research results from several indigenous Universities and develop a full-scale biodiesel economy in Pakistan.

Mohammed Harun Chakrabarti; Mehmood Ali; Jafar Nazir Usmani; Nasim Ahmed Khan; Diya'uddeen Basheer Hasan; Md. Sakinul Islam; Abdul Aziz Abdul Raman; Rozita Yusoff; Muhammad Faisal Irfan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Rapid crustal accretion and magma assimilation in the Oman-U.A.E. ophiolite: High precision U-Pb zircon geochronology of the gabbroic crust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New high-precision U/Pb zircon geochronology from the Oman-United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) ophiolite provides insight into the timing and duration of magmatism and the tectonic setting during formation of the lower crust. ...

Rioux, Matthew

37

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According' average prolificacy and mortality rates (89% and 30% respec- tively), the landless mobile pastoral- ists do not own land, so mobile pastoralism is central to their livelihoods. They move their animals

Richner, Heinz

38

Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

40

Building a state on shifting sands: An evaluation of the Palestinian National Authority's policy reforms and performance in the West Bank, 2009-2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building a state on shifting sands: An evaluation of the Palestinian National Authoritys policy reforms and performance in the West Bank, 2009-2011 By Kristine Knutter C2013 Submitted to the graduate degree program in Global... deteriorated. The international community, especially the United States (U.S.) and GoI, boycotted the election results and cut funding to the PA because the winning political party, Hamas, was designated as a terrorist organization in these countries. A...

Knutter, Kristine

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Name Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Ministry of Water and Power, Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2005 Program End 2011 Country Pakistan Southern Asia References GTZ projects [1] GTZ is working with Pakistan on improvement of energy service supply to households and enterprises through RE use and EE.

42

Reputation von Franchising-Systemen anhand von McDonald's in der Ukraine und Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Diese Diplomarbeit behandelt Franchising allgemein und geht dann auf die Situation in der Ukraine und Pakistan ein, auerdem werden die Eigenschaften und Mglichkeiten der Messbarkeit (more)

Poszvek, Edith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

PET Recycling Behavior of consumers in Lahore, Pakistan, Available knowledge and general attitudes, Impact on recycling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract Lahore, Pakistan is one of the most populated and hottest regions of the world. Due to long summers beverages consumption is generally high leading (more)

, ;

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Prospects of renewables penetration in the energy mix of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pakistan is the sixth most populous country of the world comprising 2.56% of the total global population. However, it ranks 37th in the energy consumption, at 0.37% of the world total. The per capita energy availability is only 43W, which is 1/7th of the world average. The greatest reason for such a huge energy deficiency is its heavy dependence on imported oil for power generation. The country is however, rich in renewable energy sources and has vast potential for their exploitation. In this article, a survey of the availability of various renewable energy sources, including hydel, solar, wind and biomass, and their current and future penetration prospects in the total energy mix have been carried out, with some recommendations. It is estimated that Pakistan has the feasible potential of 30GW of installed power capacity from hydel and 50GW of installed capacity from wind by 2030.

Suhail Zaki Farooqui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on these connections inhibited their inclusion in this analysis, although some news evidence exists, such as in the case of Bangalore, where there are increasing reports of a large racket involving the illegal extraction and sale of organs from dead beggars... sources, documentaries, and other online publications due to the lack of existing information on beggary as an organized crime in Pakistan. Research on this topic is still in its early stages, which is complicated by the illegal nature of the topic...

Azam, Nadia

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

46

Terrorism and tourism: A conjunction and ramification in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the impact of terrorism activities on tourism in Pakistan by using the annual time series data from the period of 1980 to 2010. Johansen and Jeuuselius and ARDL bound testing cointegration approach confirms the valid long run relationship between terrorism and tourism. Results indicate the significant negative impact of terrorism on tourism in the long run as well as in the short run. Results of rolling window estimation method indicate that terrorism having negative coefficients throughout the sample period. Results of dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) suggest that the results will remain the same in the future up to lead 2. Results of Granger causality test, Toda and Yamamoto Modified Wald causality test and variance decomposition test confirm the unidirectional causal relationship between terrorism and tourism, causality runs from terrorism to tourism. Hye and Khan (2012) confirm tourism led growth hypothesis for Pakistan. It is suggested that the government should play a significant role to reduce terrorism activities that should be decreased in the country to boost tourism activities that lead to increase in income from tourism in Pakistan.

Syed Ali Raza; Syed Tehseen Jawaid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

Adams, Robert P.

48

Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Wind resource assessment using numerical weather prediction models and multi-criteria decision making technique: case study (Masirah Island, Oman)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Authority for Electricity Regulation in Oman has recently announced the implementation of a 500 kW wind farm pilot project in Masirah Island. Detailed wind resource assessment is then required to identify the most suitable location for this project. This paper presents wind resource assessment using nested ensemble numerical weather prediction (NWP) model's approach at 2.8 km resolution and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique. A case study based on the proposed approach is conducted over Masirah Island, Oman. The resource assessment over the island was based on the mean wind speed and wind power distribution over the entire island at different heights. In addition, important criteria such as turbulence intensity and peak hour matching are also considered. The NWP model results were verified against the available 10 m wind data observations from the meteorological station in the northern part of the island. The resource assessment criteria were evaluated using MCDM technique to score the locations over the island based on their suitability for wind energy applications. Two MCDM approaches namely equally weighted and differently weighted criteria were implemented in this paper.

Sultan Al-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Abdullah Al-Badi; Adel Gastli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

An Indian Ocean tsunami triggered remotely by an onshore earthquake in Balochistan, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...s11069-011-9854-0. Okal, E.A. , Fritz, H.M., Raad, P.E., Synolakis, C., Al-Shijbi, Y., and Al-Saifi, M., 2006, Oman field survey of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Earthquake Spectra, v. 22, S3, p. 203-218, doi...

Gsta Hoffmann; Sultan Al-Yahyai; Ghazala Naeem; Mareike Kociok; Christoph Grtzner

51

Natural and Human Threats to Biodiversity in the Marine Ecosystem of Coastal Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There exist several natural and made-made threats to biodiversity along the coast of Pakistan. Natural stresses include high wave action, high temperatures and salinity, and seasonal spread of oxygen-poor wate...

Muzammil Ahmad

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggestions. A. J. Rowell reviewed the chapter "Stratigraphy of Permian and Triassic Rocks." Teichert wishes to thank K. N. Kravchenko and I. A. Voskresensky, former advisers to the Oil and Gas De- velopment Corporation of Pakistan, for many helpful...

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Development of natural gas as a vehicular fuel in Pakistan: Issues and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In a step towards adopting environment friendly fuel and to save foreign exchange, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) was introduced by the Government of Pakistan in the country in 1992. Due to available price differential between CNG and gasoline/diesel and investor friendly policy and regulatory framework, CNG sector has shown tremendous growth over the last ten year in the country. This growing demand of natural gas by CNG sector, results in gas shortages in the country. This paper describes the key steps in the development of CNG as transportation fuel in Pakistan. The present scenario of the CNG industry including the natural gas vehicles (NGVs) population growth and the expansion of CNG refilling stations are discussed. Various aspects of the CNG program in Pakistan, for example environmental benefits, economic benefits and problems associated with CNG industry of Pakistan are illustrated.

Muhammad Imran Khan; Tabassum Yasmin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Assessment of Pesticide Exposure in Female Population Living in Cotton Growing Areas of Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present study was conducted in the southern Punjab i.e. Multan and Bahawalpur Divisions, the major cotton growing areas of Pakistan. The field study was limited to a manageable geographical area where female cott...

Seema Tahir; Tahir Anwar

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

RAPD analysis of Fusarium Isolates Causing Mango Malformation Disease in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mango Malformation (MM) disease is a major constraint to mango production. A total of 20 Fusarium isolates from MM-affected mango plants were collected from 14 locations in Pakistan and assessed for genetic diver...

Zafar Iqbal; Mehboob-ur-Rahman

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Genetic diversity in mustard (Brassica juncea L.) germplasm from Pakistan as determined by RAPDs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The genetic diversity and the relationships among a collection of mustard (B. juncea) germplasm, including 41 accessions collected from Pakistan, 6 oilseed cultivars/ lines and 5 Japanese vegetable cultivars, ...

Malik Ashiq Rabbani; Aki Iwabuchi; Yoshie Murakami; Tohru Suzuki

57

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Bacterial Flora of Integrated Fish Farming Environments of Pakistan and Tanzania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Bacterial Flora of Integrated Fish Farming Environments of Pakistan and Tanzania ... Percentages of single and multiple antimicrobial resistances among the Pakistani and Tanzanian isolates (S, susceptible; A, antimicrobial/s; PK, Pakistan; TNZ, Tanzania). ... Screening of the 14 dfr positive isolates from Pakistan and 12 from Tanzania for the occurrence of the int2 gene yielded int2 among eight Pakistani isolates and two Tanzanian isolates. ...

Syed Q. A. Shah; Duncan J. Colquhoun; Hamisi L. Nikuli; Henning Srum

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

58

Technology transfer effectiveness through international joint ventures (IJVs) to their component suppliers: a study of the automotive industry of Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the important topic of technology transfer effectiveness from international joint ventures (IJVs) established in the automotive industry of Pakistan to their local (more)

Khan, Sardar Zaheer Ahmad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

First report of field evolved resistance to agrochemicals in dengue mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae), from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agrochemicals have been widely used in Pakistan for ... study was to investigate the toxicity of representative agrochemicals against various populations of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) collected from three different...

Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan; Waseem Akram; Khurram Shehzad; Essam A Shaalan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Pakistan Geospatial Toolkit - Data Lite | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Lite Data Lite Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the lite (with lower resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). (Supplemental Information): The GsT allows the user to examine the resource data in a geospatial context along with other key information relevant to renewable energy development, such as transportation networks, transmission corridors, existing power facilities, load centers, terrain conditions, and land use. Working within the GsT, the user can also incorporate location-specific data directly into NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, HOMER, to design least-cost hybrid renewable power systems to meet electric-load requirements at the village level.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pakistan Geospatial Toolkit - Full Data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Full Data Full Data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the full (with high resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). (Supplemental Information): The GsT allows the user to examine the resource data in a geospatial context along with other key information relevant to renewable energy development, such as transportation networks, transmission corridors, existing power facilities, load centers, terrain conditions, and land use. Working within the GsT, the user can also incorporate location-specific data directly into NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, HOMER, to design least-cost hybrid renewable power systems to meet electric-load requirements at the village level.

62

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya... , Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi...

63

How political risks and events have influenced Pakistan's stock markets from 1947 to the present  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyse Pakistan's political risks and events that have affected the country's stock markets since 1947. We collected data in the form of questionnaires from historians, economists, politicians, government officials, bankers and stock market analysts in Pakistan and make forecasts using Bayesian hierarchical modelling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques. Findings show that the probability of an event in any year is relatively high with an average arrival rate of 1.5 events per year with no time trend. In addition, forecasts suggest that the level of political risk should be remaining unchanged for the foreseeable future. Finally, we find that Pakistan's political risk carries a risk premium of between 7.5% and 12%.

Omar Masood; Bruno S. Sergi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Short- and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the dynamic relationship between natural gas consumption and economic growth in Pakistan using a multivariate model by including capital and labor as control variables for the period between 1972QI and 2011QIV. The results of the ARDL bound testing indicate the presence of cointegration relationships among the variables. The estimated long-run impact of gas consumption on economic growth is greater than other factor inputs suggesting that energy is a critical driver of production and growth in Pakistan. Furthermore, the results of causality test suggest that natural gas consumption and economic growth are complements. Given that natural gas constitutes to the primary source of energy in Pakistan, the implication of this study is that natural gas conservation policies could harm growth and, therefore, requires the policy makers to improve the energy supply efficiency as well as formulate appropriate policies to attract investment and establish publicprivate partnership initiatives.

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mohamed Arouri; Frdric Teulon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. Aphids populations on maize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,800 m) in the Swat valley, and Bhurban (2,000 m) in the Murree hills, in the north west of Pakistan higher popula- tions in the Kaghan valley (1,800-2,100 m) than in the Murree hills (2,000 m) but is short in the Swat valley were also attacked by Oenopia sauzeti Muls., Scymnus sp., the anthocorid Orius sp

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......background radiation is 2.42 mSv, including radon inhalation, cosmic radiations and terrestrial...cosmic radiation, E air is the dose from radon in air and the radionuclides deposited...Bangladesh 34 - 350 - UNSCEAR(4) Kazakhstan 35 60 300 - UNSCEAR(4) Punjab, Pakistan......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Petrogenetic implications of the mineral-chemical characteristics of scheelite and associated phases from Miniki Gol (Chitral), NW Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stratabound tungsten mineralization in Chitral, northern Pakistan, lies within the Hindu Kush terrane and is located to the north-west of the Main Karakoram Thrust (MKT) that represents the suture zone bet...

Mohammad Zahid; Mohammad Arif; Charlie J. Moon

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Heavy-Metal Levels in Feathers of Cattle Egret and Their Surrounding Environment: A Case of the Punjab Province, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Pakistan, Punjab Province is highly populated and is known for industrial and agricultural activities. During the last two decades, industrial and agricultural activities have caused serious environmental t...

Kaleem Ullah; Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Both malvaceous and non-malvaceous betasatellites are associated with two wild cotton species grown under field conditions in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presence and viral load of begomoviruses was investigated in wild species of the genus Gossypium available at CCRI, Multan, Pakistan. This is the worlds largest herbarium of wild species of genus Gossypium.....

Muhammad Tehseen Azhar; Imran Amin; Zahid Iqbal Anjum; Muhammad Arshad

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Trace metals in Ganges soft-shell turtle (Aspideretes gangeticus) from two barrage: Baloki and Rasul, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentration of nine metals was measured in liver, kidney, heart, muscle, plastron, and carapace of Aspideretes gangeticu...s from Rasul and Baloki barrages, Pakistan. The results indicated that metal concen...

Riffat Naseem Malik; Bushra Ghaffar

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Numerical Simulation of 2010 Pakistan Flood in the Kabul River Basin by Using Lagged Ensemble Rainfall Forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lagged ensemble forecasting of rainfall and rainfallrunoffinundation (RRI) forecasting were applied to the devastating flood in the Kabul River basin, the first strike of the 2010 Pakistan flood. The forecasts were performed using the Global ...

Tomoki Ushiyama; Takahiro Sayama; Yuya Tatebe; Susumu Fujioka; Kazuhiko Fukami

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Novel description of force of infection and risk factors associated with Theileria equi in horses in Israel and in The Palestinian Authority  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objectives of this study were to determine the force of infection (FOI) for Theileria equi in horses in Israel and to evaluate risk factors associated with seroprevalence a decade after it was last determined by PCR, in 2002. Using a commercial cELISA kit, we demonstrated a widespread and constant exposure to T. equi in Israel (110/216; 50.9%) and the Palestinian Authority (32/108; 29.6%). Owing to the paired samples collected from the same horses approximately one year apart, we were able to determine the FOI rate with which susceptible individuals become infected. Out of the 75 nave horses in the first collection, four seroconverted during 1016 months, demonstrating an FOI of 5% for that period. Similar results were obtained by calculating FOI using age-specific seroprevalence (4.2% per year). Housing management type was significantly associated with T. equi seroprevalence with 87.9% seropositivity in horses on pasture and 32.6% seropositivity in horses in stalls/yards. This strong association and the very high seroprevalence found in horses held on pasture, prompted stratification of data accordingly. Geographical location of horses in Israel showed a strong association with seroprevalence to T. equi ranging from 34.5% in central Israel to 80.8% in the northern part of the country. However, when analyzing this association only in horses held in stalls/yards, the lower seroprevalence was noted in the north. In addition, age was significantly associated with seroprevalence for T. equi only in horses held in stalls/yards (R2=0.94). Environmental variables were not found to be associated with seroprevalence for T. equi. Here, we report for the first time the FOI for T. equi in horses and highlight the influence housing management type has on the evaluation of risk factors associated with a vector-borne disease, perhaps leading to the discrepancies observed between studies throughout the world.

Karin Aharonson-Raz; Adi Rapoport; Ibrahim M. Hawari; Itamar M. Lensky; Dalia Berlin; Doni Zivotofsky; Eyal Klement; Amir Steinman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An appraisal of the power density of current profile in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman using numerical simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Having more than 2000km tidal coastline, it's expected that Iran could exploit marine renewable energies. Furthermore, marginal countries around these seas are going to develop their energy resources and marine current energy can be a reliable choice. So, the results of a three dimensional numerical model for the study of circulation in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, have been used to assess the power density of ocean currents in these prominent water basins. The calculations are performed regarding converter's dimension and accessibility of the generated power. The results show that the current energy, in the upper 50m layer increases in two periods of the year, late winter to early spring and late summer to early autumn. It can be asserted that the current energy in the study area increases during monsoon periods. According to the model results, the marine current energy in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman is rather substantial; but it should wait for harnessing as more efficient power conversion systems are available.

Mahmood Akhyani; Vahid Chegini; Abbasali Aliakbari Bidokhti

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Socio-economic prospects of solar technology utilization in Abbottabad, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Social evaluation is placed at low levels of the technical architecture, for this reason the findings of this study would be useful. This study evaluates the socio-economic prospects of solar technology utilization (STU) in Abbottabad, Pakistan. The objective of the study is to underline the variables of existing and inclined trends for alternate technology that come into consideration to assess the potential for STU by the consumers. The study finds out the type of need of the consumers have that solar technology could address to enhance the quality of life. On the bases of income, comparative user friendliness and comparative cost analysis, the study suggests the STU is the best market competitive technologies available. The potential for STU exists at 65% as frequency distribution of the survey showed. This study is a contribution to practical knowledge of solar technology to mitigate the energy crisis in Pakistan.

Musarrat Jabeen; Muhammad Umar; Muhammad Zahid; Masood Ur Rehaman; Rubeena Batool; Khalid Zaman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Cognitive radio sensor networks: Smart communication for smart gridsA case study of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A smart grid has recently gained significant attention as it is an important direction of power system advancement. The integration of renewable energy (RE) resources to the power system and the reduction of energy losses need an efficient and low-cost communication infrastructure. Cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN) can be integrated in a smart grid to meet these challenges. CRSN is a new paradigm of research where the best of wireless sensor networks (WSN) and cognitive radios (CR) is combined. The sensor networks monitor a physical parameter and the measures value is transmitted using the cognitive radio. Thus, CRSN can be used for realizing the sensing and communication part in a smart grid network. In this paper, a smart grid network is proposed using CRSN for implementing it in the remote areas of Pakistan. The service coverage map is taken from the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) website that regulates the spectrum band in Pakistan. This can be used in developing countries to realize a cost effective smart grid for integrating the renewable resources and for reducing energy losses.

Zeeshan Ali Khan; Yasir Faheem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.  

SciTech Connect

The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Coal consumption: An alternate energy resource to fuel economic growth in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study is an attempt to revisit the causal relationship between coal consumption and economic growth in case of Pakistan. The present study covers the period of 19742010. The direction of causality between the variables is investigated by applying the VECM Granger causality approach. Our findings have exposed that there exists bidirectional Granger causality between economic growth and coal consumption. The Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) and Cumulative Sum of Square (CUSUMSQ) diagrams have not found any structural instability over the period of 19742010.

Saqlain Latif Satti; Muhammad Shahid Hassan; Haider Mahmood; Muhammad Shahbaz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

Levin, Lisa

80

Palestinians and Israelis talk water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... cover topics from water resources and culture, through law and standards to reuse and desalination of waste water. Always professional and polite, they do not shy away from disagreement ... named hydro-hysteria. Thanks to new technologies for waste water treatment, reuse and desalination, water is no longer a zero-sum game. A new ...

Haim Watzman

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Estimation of radiation doses associated with natural radioactivity in sand samples of the north western areas of Pakistan using Monte Carlo simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides, i.e., 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, were measured in sand samples of north western areas of Pakistan using gamma-spectrometry. The measured ranges of activity...

Khalid Khan; P. Akhter; S. D. Orfi

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A study on the prevalence of a tick-transmitted pathogen, Theileria annulata, and hematological profile of cattle from Southern Punjab (Pakistan)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Theileria annulata...in large ruminants in Southern Punjab (Pakistan). Blood samples were collected from 144 large ruminants, consisting of 105 cat...

S. Shahnawaz; M. Ali; M. A. Aslam; R. Fatima; Z. I. Chaudhry

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Legal and institutional perplexities hampering the implementation of urban development plans in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective implementation of development plans requires functioning institutions with well defined legal support and good plans. This article explains how legal and regulatory frameworks as well as the institutional capacities of local planning agencies (LPAs), including Cantonment Boards (CBs), City District Governments (CDGs), Town Municipal Administration (TMAs) and Development Authorities (DA), in Pakistan confound and affect the implementation of development plans. A comparative review of existing Acts, Ordinances and urban planning frameworks in place at various levels was conducted, and inconsistencies and gaps that impart perplexities amongst the aforementioned institutions and regulatory frameworks were identified. The overlapping powers and functions of the institutions which have legal backing must be eliminated to ensure effective implementation of urban development plans.

Niaz Ahmad; Ghulam Abbas Anjum

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Competitiveness of Wind Power with the Conventional Thermal Power Plants Using Oil and Natural Gas as Fuel in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fossil fuels mainly imported oil and natural gas are major sources of electricity generation in Pakistan. The combustion of fossil fuels in thermal power plants has greater environmental impacts like air pollution and global warming. Additionally, the import of oil is a heavy burden on the poor economy of the country. Pakistan is a country with huge renewable sources; wind energy being the major one. This paper elucidate the cost-competitiveness of wind power with the conventional thermal power plants. In this regard, Levelized estimated cost of a 15MW wind power plant is compared with three types of conventional thermal power plants, namely (i) Oil-fired thermal power plant (ii) Natural gas-fire combine cycle power plant (iii) Diesel oil- fired gas turbine cycle 100MW each. The results show that the cost of wind energy is lowest with Rs. 3/kWh. It is concluded that the wind power is cost-competitive to the conventional thermal power plants in Pakistan. The cost estimation for wind energy is lowest of all others with Rs. 3/kWh.

A. Mengal; M.A. Uqaili; K. Harijan; Abdul Ghafoor Memon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Pesticide use and risk perceptions among farmers in the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to evaluate pesticide use in rural populations, particularly in developing countries, is urgent. Pesticide use and related risk perceptions were studied among 318 randomly selected farmers from two areas of the cotton belt of Punjab, Pakistan. A total amount of 4875kg of pesticide active ingredients was reported to be applied by the farmers per annum and most of these active ingredients were classified as moderately hazardous (55%) or highly hazardous (23%) according to WHO classification. The number of pesticide applications per growing season ranged from 6 to 16, with an average of 10 or 11 applications, depending on district. Better-educated farmers were found to spray less. Most farmers (52%) considered the risk from pesticide use to be low, whereas a solid fraction (12%) considered there was no risk at all. To model farmers' behavior on pesticide overuse, a binary probit regression model was used expressing behavior as a function of age, education, level of risk perception, health effects, pesticide toxicity class, and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) training. Irrespective of age, there was a clear tendency towards pesticide overuse, but the probability decreased with IPM training, a high level of education, and use of highly toxic pesticides. Awareness of the high toxicity of a pesticide product tended to discourage overuse. On the contrary, neither the experience of health effects nor the levels of risk perception affected overuse. Farmers were not well informed about correct application practices and safe handling of pesticides. Overall, findings affirm an urgent need for training programs on pesticide use in the study area with the aim of conveying more specific information on health hazards from pesticides that will avert hazardous behaviors of farmers derived from misleading beliefs about pesticide use.

Muhammad Khan; Hafiz Zahid Mahmood; Christos A. Damalas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Mould incidence and mycotoxin contamination in maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mould incidence and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination as well as proximate composition and minerals content of maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan was studied during the year, 2007. Results indicated that the mean moisture content of the kernels was within the recommended safe storage levels of ?15%. Across the whole valley, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Rhizopus were the most predominant fungal genera identified and amongst the mycotoxigenic species, Aspergillus flavus had the highest incidence. AFB1 content ranged from none to 30.92?g/kg with the average values of 14.94 and 16.22?g/kg for Upper and Lower Swat regions, respectively. Similar trend was observed for OTA with the contamination level ranged from Valley may be exposed to the danger of aflatoxins and ochratoxins poisoning. Thus, there is a need for policy makers to establish and enforce maize quality standards and regulations related to moulds and mycotoxins across the area.

Hamid Ullah Shah; Thomas J. Simpson; Sahib Alam; Khanzadi Fatima Khattak; Sajida Perveen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Resistance in the mealybugPhenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley(Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in Pakistan to selected organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis is a destructive pest of cotton with the potential to develop resistance to most chemical classes of insecticides. Six populations of P.solenopsis from cotton crops at six different locations in Pakistan were evaluated for resistance to selected organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides. Resistance ratios (RRs) at LC50 were in the range of 2.713.3 fold for chlorpyrifos, 11.630.2 fold for profenofos and for the three pyrethroids tested were 10.646.4 for bifenthrin, 5.825.2 for deltamethrin and 4.125.0 for lambda-cyhalothrin. This is the first report of resistance to organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides in Pakistani populations of P.solenopsis. Regular insecticide resistance monitoring programs are needed to prevent field control failures. Moreover, integrated approaches including the judicious use of insecticides and rotation of insecticides with different modes of action are needed to delay the development of insecticide resistance in P.solenopsis.

Bushra Saddiq; Sarfraz Ali Shad; Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan; Muhammad Aslam; Masood Ejaz; Muhammad Babar Shahzad Afzal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Heavy metals in eggshells of cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) and little egret (Egretta garzetta) from the Punjab province, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrations of nine trace metals were determined to assess site-specific and species-specific differences using Fast Sequential Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Varian FAAS-240) in eggshells of Bubulcus ibis and Egretta garzetta from seven heronries in the Punjab province, Pakistan. Pattern of metal concentration followed the order: Fe>Zn>Pb>Mn>Cd>Cr>Li>Cu>Ni. Greater mean concentrations of Mn(1.17?g/g), Ni(0.11?g/g), Pb(1.49?g/g), Cd(0.88?g/g), Cr(0.7?g/g), Cu(0.20?g/g) and Li(0.27?g/g) were recorded in little egret. Mean concentrations of Mn, Pb, and Cr, (3.98, 5.4, 0.8?g/g) were significantly higher in eggshells collected from Shorkot; Cu, Zn and Ni (0.19, 13.0, 0.12?g/g) from the Trimu Headwork; Cd (1.23?g/g) from Jhang Faisalabad Road and Fe (67.98?g/g) from Mailsi. Multivariate analyses indicated that Mn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, Cr and Zn were associated with anthropogenic activities and Fe and Li with natural origin. This study provides the baseline data for a monitoring program and revealed that egg-shells can serve as a bio-monitor of local metal contamination.

Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi; Riffat Naseem Malik; Muhammad Shahbaz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Impact of essential surgical skills with an emphasis on emergency maternal, neonatal and child health training on the practice of doctors: A cluster randomised controlled trial in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Majority of studies on evaluation of emergency management courses have focused on outcomes such as knowledge and skills demonstrated in non-clinical or traditional testing manner. Such surrogate outcomes may not necessarily reflect vital changes in practice. The aim of this study was to determine if and to what extent, specific training in the management of life threatening emergencies resulted in an increased in compliance with established care guidelines of doctors working in the emergency departments of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. Methods A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in three districts hospitals in three cities (Khairpur, Vehari and Peshawar) of Pakistan. Thirty-six doctors, 18 in intervention (trained in ESS-EMNCH training) and 18 in control (untrained), were enrolled and 248 life threatening emergency events, 124 in each group, were observed for the correct use of the Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) structured approach. The outcome measure was structured approach defined a priori. Data was analysed by using STATA software. Results At individual level, 79 (63.7%) life threatening episodes were managed according to the structured approach in the intervention group and 46 (37.1%) were managed according to the structured approach in controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 1.784.99, p-value=0.0001). At cluster level, the mean percentage (95% CI) of the structured approach used by doctors in the intervention group [62.9% (50.475.3%)], was significantly higher than those in the control group, [36.3% (26.346.4)] (p-value=0.001). Conclusions 5-day training of ESS-EMNCH significantly increased the compliance with established care guidelines of doctors during their management of life threatening emergency episodes in the public sector hospitals in Pakistan.

Yasir Bin Nisar; Assad Hafeez; Shamsa Zafar; David P. Southall

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

U.S. LNG Imports from Oman  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake...

92

U.S. LNG Imports from Oman  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial...

93

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

94

Flood control in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Lavees IV. LEVERS AND THEIR DESIGN 20 22 23 24 A. Height of Levee B. Location of Levee 28 31 Soil Exploration Deltaic Deposits Spacing of Borings Depth of Borings 37 38 40 40 Selection and Tasting of Materials to Evaluate...) either by increasing tha cross-sectional area of che rivers' or (2) by increasing the velocity - as described in paragraph C, or by che combi- nation of the two, Rgafa, che cross-sectional area can be increased either by widening or by deepening...

Eusufzai, Mohammad Hossain Sekandar Hayat Khan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

More natural gas for Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... country in the East that seems likely to cushion the energy crisis by exploiting its natural ...naturalgas ...

Azim Kidwai

1977-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

96

US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For further information on this project, or on ASCO`s broader research program, please contact: Defense Threat, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives) by providing capabilities to reduce, eliminate, and counter

97

Evaluation of solar energy resources by establishing empirical models for diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface and analysis for optimum tilt angle for a prospective location in southern region of Sindh, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diffuse solar radiation data is very important and is required for solar energy system implementations. The main purpose of the present study is to evaluate solar energy resources by establishing diffuse solar radiation models and obtaining optimum tilt angle fora prospective location is southern region of Sindh, Pakistan. Due to the unavailability of measured diffuse solar radiation data, nine new models, based on available data from local agency and values obtain from existing models, to predict diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface has been established. The best model was chosen based on test results from statistical indicators. The optimum tilt angle for monthly, seasonally, half-yearly and yearly adjustment was determined. The optimum tilt angle varies from 0 in May, June and July to 49 in December. The yearly optimum tilt angle was found as 23, which is close to latitude of investigated location (2507?N). The monthly average total, beam and diffuse solar radiations were calculated for optimum and vertical tilted surfaces and were compared with those obtain for horizontal surfaces. The half-yearly adjustment of optimum tilt angle is recommended for the investigated location because very small difference in annual solar energy gains in comparison with monthly or seasonal adjustment. The total annual energy for completer year and for four seasons of the year was calculated and found that maximum total annual energy is obtained at optimum tilt angle.

Shahnawaz Farhan Khahro; Kavita Tabbassum; Shahnawaz Talpur; Mohammad Bux Alvi; Xiaozhong Liao; Lei Dong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

99

Development of public tubewell designs in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...International) Ltd, Demeter House, Station Road, Cambridge...Groundwater and Man, Sydney, Australia. Sir M...International) Ltd, Demeter House, Station Road, Cambridge...remarkably trouble-free well opera- tion. Moreover, the...Groundwater and Man, Sydney, Australia. Sir M...

W. Bakiewicz; D. M. Milne; A. D. Pattle

100

Facebook, Political Narrative, and Political Change: A Case Study of Palestinian Youth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

humanitarian practice, and political identification in Gaza.Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Massand the use of history in political science. Perspectives on

Kenderes, Amanda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Refugees as planners : Palestinian refugees in Jordan and UNRWA, 1950-1957  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is an institutional ethnography that documents a case for planning from the middle and planning from below. It looks at the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) ...

Maraqa, Hania Nabil

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Induced seismicity analysis for reservoir characterization at a petroleum field in Oman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the analysis and interpretation of passive seismic data collected in a 20-month monitoring period. The investigation is divided into four studies, each focusing on a different aspect of the seismic ...

Sze, Edmond Kin-Man

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Determining timescales of natural carbonation of peridotite in the Samail Ophiolite, Sultanate of Oman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining timescales of the formation and preservation of carbonate alteration products in mantle peridotite is important in order to better understand the role of this potentially important sink in the global carbon ...

Mervine, Evelyn Martinique

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Marine organisms as heavy metal bioindicators in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, cadmium and lead concentrations were compared in barnacles, ghost shrimps, polychaetes, bivalves, and sediment from ten different locations along the intertidal zone of the Persian Gulf and ...

E. Amoozadeh; M. Malek; R. Rashidinejad

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Mantle segmentation along the Oman ophiolite fossil mid-ocean ridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... less than one millimetre in size and located at the periphery of the opx crystals. Spinel (3% maximum) commonly presents a holly-leaf shape and is located at the ...

Laurent Le Me; Jacques Girardeau; Christophe Monnier

2004-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

106

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

107

Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Study on Natural Radioactivity in Khewra Salt Mines, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) was calculated...salt mines (Excluding Uranium) of some other countries...and Excess Life Time Cancer Risk (%) in the Khewra...than the other non-uranium mines.5) The average...and Excess Life Time Cancer Risk (100%) are calculated......

Muzahir Ali Baloch; Aziz Ahmed Qureshi; Abdul Waheed; Muhammad Ali; Nawab Ali; Muhammad Tufail; Saima Batool; Muhammad Akram; Poonam Iftikhar; Hamza Qayyum; Shahid Manzoor; Hameed Ahmed Khan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10,000 Middle class = 10,001-20,000 Upper middle class = 20,001 50,000 Lower upper class = 50,001 100,000 Middle upper class = Above 100,000 The income is for the whole family and not of the individuals earning it. In most cases... . Tariq Rahman, Passports to Privilege 40 Income of the Families of Elitist English School Faculty N = 65 (Percentages in brackets) Not written Upto 5,000 5,001- 10,000 10,001 20,000 20,001 50,000 50,000 100,000 Above 100,000 Pay...

Rahman, Tariq

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

County Madera County Kings County Tulare County Kern Countywill be urbanized. Madera and Kings counties will also seeMadera, Merced, Kings, and Tulare counties. The results of

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Electricity consumption and economic growth empirical evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present article uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing procedure to identify the long run equilibrium relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth. Toda Yamamoto and...

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mete Feridun

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Measurement of natural radioactivity from soil samples of Sind, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gnbold G., Ganhimeg G. Natural Radioactivity of Some Mongolian Building Materials (2000) National University of Mongolia. INIS Electronic Form No. E16-20002-46. 14 Baeza A. , Del-Rio M., Miro C. Natural radioactivity in soils of the Province......

S. A. Mujahid; S. Hussain

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Natural radioactivity in soil in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gnbold G., Ganhimeg G. Natural radioactivity of some Mongolian building materials. (2000) National University of Mongolia, INIS Electronic Form No. E16-20002-46. 17 Baeza A. , Del-Rio M., Miro C. Natural radioactivity in soils of the Province......

S. A. Mujahid; S. Hussain

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

NREL: International Activities - Pakistan Resource Maps and Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The high-resolution (10-km) annual and seasonal solar resource maps were developed using weather satellite data incorporated into a site-time specific solar mapping approach...

115

Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba CALIFORNIA PopulationNapa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,Napa, Solano, Sonoma Sutter, Yolo, Yuba El Dorado, Placer,

David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

UNEP scheme to bring power to Pakistan's villages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Natural Resources, Energy and Transport in New York, the scheme is designed to harness solar energy, wind power and village bio-mass to generate electrical power on a suitable ... will be dependent on local geography and the local potential of renewable energy sources, especially solar, wind and water power and bio-mass. Bio-mass will be fermented to produce ...

Azim Kidwai

1978-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

117

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

118

Dimensions, texture-distribution, and geochemical heterogeneities of fracturerelated dolomite geobodies hosted in Ediacaran limestones, northern Oman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...identification and genesis as revealed by staining: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v.-36, p.-. Faqira, M. , M. Rademakers, and A. M. Afifi, 2009, New insights into the Hercynian Orogeny, and their implications for the Paleozoic hydrocarbon...

Veerle Vandeginste; Cdric M. John; John W. Cosgrove; Christina Manning

119

The Transmission of Federal Reserve Tapering News to Emerging Financial Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

India Indonesia Pakistan Ukraine Czech R. Latvia LithuaniaIndia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Latvia,

Aizenman, Joshua; Binici, Mahir; Hutchison, Michael M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Trust, fairness and cooperation in times of conflict : a behavioral economics approach to measuring intergroup norms of behavior in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation seeks to deepen our understanding of intergroup relations by employing a behavioral experimental method to empirically measure intergroup norms of behavior and the motivations that drive them, within a ...

Binur, Anat

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Thursday, January 27, 2005 Register @ Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Viewer Reviews Articles Columns BUSINESS Oman Economy Tenders Oil Prices Stock Prices Currency

Gosselin, Frédéric

122

http://www.armscontrol.ru/ O. B. Toon1, R. P. Turco2, A. Robock3, C. Bardeen1, L. Oman3, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects and societal consequences of regional scale nuclear conflicts and acts of individual nuclear, Univ. of California, Los Angeles, USA. 3 Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers Univ., New ) . - , , - , , - . , - , . , , , - , , . 2. 1 . 1968 (1968 Treaty on Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, NPT

Robock, Alan

123

Continental break-up history of a deep magma-poor margin based on seismic reflection data (northeastern Gulf of Aden margin, offshore Oman)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2009), as well as (2) persistent thermal effects associated with small-scale...extension in the southern Red Sea Hills, Sudan, J. geol. Soc. Lond., 158, 285-294...Lucazeau F. , et al, 2008. Persistent thermal activity at the Eastern Gulf of Aden after......

Julia Autin; Sylvie Leroy; Marie-Odile Beslier; Elia D'Acremont; Philippe Razin; Alessandra Ribodetti; Nicolas Bellahsen; Ccile Robin; Khalfan Al Toubi

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Opportunities for climate change adaptation in developing countries - a case of local governments in Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is one of the first attempts in the context of urban Pakistani local governments that starts with a comprehensive inventory of what is (more)

Janjua, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Intermediate-scale architectural features of the fluvial Chinji Formation (Miocene), Siwalik Group, northern Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from mudstone- to sandstone-domination at the top of the Chinji Formation...their reversal stratigraphy by locating the reversal surfaces in the...sandstone deposits: strata, sets dune-scale bed-forms...from mudstone- to sandstone-domination at the top of the Chinji Formation...

PETER F. FRIEND; S. MAHMOOD RAZA; GREG GEEHAN; KHALID A. SHEIKH

126

A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

Ahmad, Moslehuddin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

Measurements of natural radioactivity and radon exhalation rates from different brands of cement used in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......these radionuclides in large amounts of waste products used in the cement manufacturing, like phosphogypsum, coal fly ash, shale ash, some rare minerals and so on. Fly ash is obtained from coal-fired power plants and certainly contains......

S. A. Mujahid; A. Rahim; S. Hussain; M. Farooq

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Petroleum geochemistry of Lower Indus Basin, Pakistan: I. Geochemical interpretation and origin of crude oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The study focused on the petroleum geochemistry of crude oils produced from Cretaceous reservoirs. Geochemical portrayal of crude oils has been carried out by means of diagnostic biomarker parameters like relative distribution of steranes (C27C28C29 ???-20R steranes), C19 and C23 tricyclic terpanes (TT), C24 tetracyclic terpanes (TeT) and hopanes. These parameters suggest that the crude oils contain terrigenous organic matter (OM) mixed with small input of marine OM. The OM of the source rocks was deposited in oxic depositional environment. Maturity parameters, C32 22S/(22S+22R) homohopanes and sterane isomerization ratios [20S/(20S+20R), ???/(???+???) for C29 steranes] indicate that these crude oil are produced from the source rocks at early mature stage to mature stage.

Arif Nazir; Tahira Fazeelat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Climate change awareness and adaptation by local planning in Punjab, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Climate change is a serious threat to the security and prosperity of the world in the twenty first century. Although it is inherently a global (more)

Shahid, Zareen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......90Sr=1.5(4). Depleted uranium is another anthropogenic...related to the occurrence of cancer and other hereditary disorders...the thorium-bearing and uranium-bearing minerals in the soil because both uranium and thorium activities......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible new water and environmental management initiativesminimize the environmental costs) of water management, andenvironmental issues, the focus of the proposed body would be specifically on water management,

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimize the environmental costs) of water management, andspecifically on water management, with environmental issuespossible new water and environmental management initiatives

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of throwing waste in water bodies, burning it as annearby residents. Burning of the waste at landfills and in

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Kadanwari Gas Field, Pakistan: a disappointment turns into an attractive development opportunity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...orientated, 2 km spaced seismic grid, with a shot point interval...consistent set of results to use in estimating volumetric gas-in-place...this paper reality. Jerry Smart, Simon Beswetherick and Richard...1998. Kadanwari field: The benefits of asset management. Proceedings...

Nasir Ahmad; Siddique Chaudhry

135

Occupational exposure from external radiation used in medical practices in Pakistan by film badge dosimetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......R. J. Manual on Radiation Dosimetry (1970...An Introduction of Radiation Protection (1986...Agency (IAEA). Safety series calibration of radiation protection instruments...Orfi S. D. Software RaDLab Ver. 1......

A. Jabeen; M. Munir; A. Khalil; M. Masood; P. Akhter

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Assessment of the occupational radiation exposure doses to workers at INMOL Pakistan (200711)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measures and safety of workers during...been sent to the Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory...fabricated computer software . The calibration...PNRA and IAEA radiation protection and safety guidelines...radiation and for the safety of radiation sources. (1994......

Khalid Masood; Junaid Zafar; Tasneem Zafar; Haroon Zafar

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009 T ABLE 1: L ARGER HYDROELECTRIC AND DIVERSION PROJECTSin the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from the

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relatively new method of using wavelets in well log analysis is a powerful tool for defining multiple superimposed scales of lithic trends and contacts. Interpreting depositional processes associated with different scales of vertical variation...

Tanyel, Emre Doruk

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

139

Soil radioactivity levels and radiological risk assessment in the highlands of Hunza, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......will require some additional remediation of the soil. Similar to external...dose rate in air at 1 m above ground level. It is calculated as...gamma-dose at 1 m height above the ground level due to the presence of...gamma-ray spectrometry. Water Air Soil Pollut. (2010......

Manzoor Ali; Sajid Iqbal; Mohammad Wasim; Mohammad Arif; Farhan Saif

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Empathizing with France and Pakistan on Agricultural Subsidy Issues in the Doha Round  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 949 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 950 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 951 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 952 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 953 2007 Hein...Online -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 954 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 955 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 956 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 957 2007 HeinOnline -- 40 Vand. J. Transnatl L. 958 2007 HeinOnline -- 40...

Bhala, Raj

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Irrigation-suitability land classification of the Rechna Doab in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND GROUNDWATER SALINITY AND ALKALINITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Kinds of Salt Affected Soils Experience in the Study Area Use of Satellite Imagery Waterlogging, Salinity, and Crop Yield Crop Salt ? Tolerance Quality of Irrigation Water Water... of the Saturated Extract Relationship between Yield of Cotton and Soil Salinity Effect of Increasing Salinity in Irrigation Water upon Soil Saturation Extract EH'ect of Different Leaching Fraction (LF) Values on Soil Water Salinity Variance in Salt...

Rehman, Gauhar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope off Pakistan: constraints from seismic techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2000 research-article Articles Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope...J. Int. (2000) 140, 295310 Natural gas hydrates on the continental slope...adequate gas supplies for hydrate Natural gas hydrates (clathrates) are a crystalline......

Ingo Grevemeyer; Andreas Rosenberger; Heinrich Villinger

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contamination from the rice cr'op . 37 CliA1'TRR V DI. 'SZCi1 AiiD A11Abkgiii DF Tiii: 1'LTAT 1, '1:, APL1R C'coral Oe. i rgiition of Diiat Rii ipler The boat reaper design, wliic1i iia select. d from the possible configiir, iLinns di cus cd in Cli. iptcr...:iil Sc (eiiou Ii: (P. )-t 1) I', 1!ru, iry 197il. 17. Ki i, ei e, p. ai?1 ('ac?i, . ii, C. K. Rii e. 8 it(eh!ic nt. (world Crripn (7) 293-29), . Tu1y 1950. 18. Thdiene, '(. 1(iee Ci lture in Ju(san. Yokeiido !. td. , Jap. in 1955. 19. ('h, Fefnir Ba...

Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relating to hydroelectricity generation, irrigation water,resources to generate hydroelectricity Managing watershedsFor example, micro-hydroelectricity generation may be an

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

De bevordering van empowerment in onderwijsprojecten voor meisjes in Pakistan, Somali en Afghanistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Meisjes hebben een grote kans op uitsluiting van onderwijs. Onderwijs heeft positieve effecten op de gezondheid en economische status van vrouwen en hun kinderen. Onderwijs (more)

Rademakers, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Assessment of radiological hazards of clay bricks fabricated in the Punjab province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......saddar, Shujabad, Jalalpur Pirwala 3.117 Pakpatan Pakpatan, Arifwala 1.287 Sahiwal Sahiwal, Chichawatni 1.843 Vihari Vehari, Burewala, Mailsi 2.090 Rawalpindi Attack Attock, Hassanabdal, Fateh Jang, Pindi Gheb, Jand, Hazro 1.275 Chakwal......

M. Asghar; M. Tufail; K. Khan; A. Mahmood

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~, . ;::-, . ' ';-, ;: ' 'tte'5s' gn': Ches j 4@p8n j '. '71%$1e8'), ' X'Salg 'an4. 'X~~PBJcketan ' j , . ', ::. :-:::: t8ie; i j~g:gkagde'od-:the. @@XI'e~ -, eiXh':. -eo~-. seej'e4e' -tao . ' colorless. ; XtqM4s. whke4 md te' ou; isis~ 1~m. the:@lan@a' to Xska@4es Shah...~, . ;::-, . ' ';-, ;: ' 'tte'5s' gn': Ches j 4@p8n j '. '71%$1e8'), ' X'Salg 'an4. 'X~~PBJcketan ' j , . ', ::. :-:::: t8ie; i j~g:gkagde'od-:the. @@XI'e~ -, eiXh':. -eo~-. seej'e4e' -tao . ' colorless. ; XtqM4s. whke4 md te' ou; isis~ 1~m. the:@lan@a' to Xska@4es Shah...

Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

waste is also transported to landfill site near Shah Rukn-e-transportation of waste to landfill sites. For direct hauldispose off the waste at landfill site. Trolleys and dumpers

Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Technology Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Peter Hagelstein Thesis Title: Applications of group theory to few-body to excess heat production in Fleischmann-Pons experiments" (with P. L. Hagelstein) Low Energy Nuclear physics M.Sc. (Electrical Engineering) 1994-1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology B.Sc. (Electrical

152

A Twenty Year Perspective on Energy Demand and Supply Situation of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy is a prerequisite for economic development and ... fact that the per capita consumption of commercial energy in the industrialised countries is about a ... of both per capita GDP and per capita energy cons...

A. M. Khan; S. B. Khan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

India, Ceylon and Pakistan: New Age Data and Comparisons with Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... some charnockites1,300\tBiotite age, S. Maharashtra\tKimberlites\tMajhgawan kimberlite Pegmatites Base of Upper Vind-hyan 1,200 1,300

A. R. CRAWFORD

1969-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

154

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

155

BANKING ON PEACE: LESSONS FROM THE MIDDLE EAST DEVELOPMENT BANK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weaker Arab parties (the Egyp- tians, Jordanians, andprojects that would benefit the Egyp- tian economy. For thethe Israelis, Palestinians, Egyp- tians, and Jordanians took

Kaye, Dalia Dassa

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The Moral Accounting of Terrorism: Competing Interpretations of September 11, 2001  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...[T]he authors of this act couldavenge Hiroshimaavenge the death of Kadafis daughter.But particularly the Palestinians would...

Laura Robinson

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Secure or seclude : U.S. nuclear policy and nuclear states, a comparison of India and Pakistan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The U.S. has implemented a two-track nuclear policy since the Cold War. The first track is non-proliferation and the second track involves securing all nuclear (more)

Chaney, Brent Buie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Effects of Tight Budgetary Control on Employee Behavior in the Public Sector of Jordan, Pakistan and Sweden.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis aims to explore the effects of tight budgetary control on employee behavior focusing on employee loyalty, employee satisfaction, job related tension and (more)

Al-Shaibie, Mahmoud

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gratitude is expressed to Dr. I. O. Linger for helpful suggestions snd comments. I am indebted to Doctors Car1 E. Shafer and Ray Billingsley for their suggestions and encouragement. I sm immensely thankful to the managers and owners of the egg farms... the practical aspects of marketing of farm products and the importance of public administration in agricul . ural development. Sincere thanks are due Mrs. Linda Fowler and Mrs. Judy Hewi. tt for typing the thesis during their off-duty time in the evenings...

Alam, Khurshid

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Measurement of natural radioactivity and dose rate assessment of terrestrial gamma radiation in the soil of southern Punjab, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......terrestrial background radiation mainly due to these...assess the population radiation doses(4-9). However...data are available on naturally occuring and artificial radionulides...order to assess the radiation doses for the general......

I. Fatima; J. H. Zaidi; M. Arif; M. Daud; S. A. Ahmad; S. N. A. Tahir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

3. (2) ---(TOEFL ITP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico

162

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

163

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

164

Middle East & North Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Eastern Mediterranean brief Iran brief | data Iraq brief | data Israel notes & data Jordan notes & data Kuwait brief | data Lebanon notes & data Oman brief | data Qatar brief |...

165

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

166

How to Obtain Authorization to Import and/or Export Natural Gas...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea and Singapore....

167

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

168

RICHARD H. GRANT, Professor of Agro-micrometeorology, Department of Agronomy, Purdue University B.S. 1977 Duke University (Distinction) 1974-1977  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management Association International Solar Energy Society Gamma Sigma Delta honorary agriculture research, Hungary, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Mexico, Morroco, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peoples Republic

Jackson, Scott A.

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab gulf journal Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rights... in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Saqi Books: London, 2005, 192 p. Political Parties and Organizations... in Yemen, 1948-1993 (in Arabic), The Athawabit Book...

170

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Gordon. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, 'Oman, and Central

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Sandia National Laboratories: Wind and Water Materials and Structures...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Northern Mariana Islands Oman...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-area outfalls june-august Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences... University, Muscat, Oman Abstract. When two outfalls are discharging wastewater into a narrow (rapidly mixed... outfall sites are strongly inter-dependent. It is...

173

Skills as tribute: Phoenician sailors and shipwrights in the service of Neo-Assyria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

portion of the Syro-Palestinian coast. The social and economic relationship that ensued between these two groups has been previously analyzed by scholars. However, through this analysis of the available Neo-Assyrian textual and iconographical sources...

Trakadas, Athena Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

In anticipation : a new city design for East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The realm of this research is the Middle East Conflict between the Israeli and the Palestinian peoples. It tries to address the hope that a viable and secure solution to conflict can be achieved despite all the foreseeable ...

Muntean, Dan Mihai, 1969-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

no-fly zones, and more violent conflicts between Is- raelis and Palestinians added to the air of conflict in the region. However, general economic issues and their effect on oil...

176

The Department of Anthropology, International Relations, The Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies, The Charles Smith Endowment Fund, Commu-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies, The Charles Smith Endowment Fund, Commu- nications and Media Studies, The Institute for Global from state pressures and challenged Palestinian political norms about news media. This is also a story

Tufts University

177

1 Oceanus Magazine Vol. 42, No.2 2004 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution oceanusmag.whoi.edu Most people know that oceans cover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) into Earth's interior. The largest and best exposed of these, the Oman ophiol- ite near the Persian Gulf at rock formations that were once beneath the seafloor.The largest ophiolite is in Oman near the Persian Gulf. PeterKelemen #12;2 Oceanus Magazine · Vol. 42, No.2 · 2004 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

178

Beyond the traditional : a new paradigm for Pakistani schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pakistan's greatest resource is its children, but only a small percentage of them make it through primary school. Pakistan needs to improve its literacy rate if it hopes to transition from a developing to a developed ...

Quadri, Mahjabeen, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Institution of Civil Engineers : Officers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... S. Cameron, J. Chambers (India), H. F. Cronin, E. L. Everatt (Pakistan), A. Gray (Canada), A. C. Hartley, Prof. Douglas ...

1948-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

180

Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

People's Republic of) - Terrorist Kyrgyzstan Libya - Terrorist Moldavia Pakistan Russia Sudan - Terrorist Syria - Terrorist Taiwan (Republic of China) Tajikistan Turkmenistan...

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181

Characterizing Internet Performance to Support Wide-area Application Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-the-way places, like Islamabad (Pakistan) or Paramaribo (Suriname), not just the Internet covering the USA

Tanenbaum, Andrew S.

182

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 6554  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Information Technology, Vehari 61100, Pakistan e-mail: shahidzeeshan@gmail.com E. Ferrand Laboratoire d

Mailhes, Corinne

183

This work is supported by higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, networks are well planned and managed by operators using manual methods, but it incurs high cost of capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operating expenditure (OPEX)[1]. The reference signal sequences in LTE (which

Bahk, Saewoong

184

Seismic data, geometry, evolution, and shortening in the active Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt of Pakistan, southwest of the Himalayas  

SciTech Connect

Despite its long history of exploration, the Sulaiman fold and thrust belt is a poorly known structure and detailed structural and geochemical investigations are vital for the successful exploration, evaluation and exploitation of any hydrocarbons. Recent nappe and duplex structural models provide a framework for exploration. Surface and subsurface data from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt are integrated to analyze the deep structure, tectonic, shortening, and kinematics of the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt at the western margin of the Indian subcontinent. Seismic reflection data show that nearly all the 10-km-thick sequence of dominantly platform (>7 km) and molasse strata is detached at the deformation front. The strata thicken tectonically to about 20 km in the hinterland without significant thrust faults in the foreland. A balanced structural cross-section suggests that structural uplift in the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt is a result of a thin-skinned, passive-roof duplex style of deformation. Sequential restoration of the balanced section reveals a series of structural and geometrical features including: (1) development of low-amplitude, broad concentric folds at the tip of the decollement; (2) increase in amplitude of a detachment fold to a critical level for development of ramp and duplex structures; and (3) out-of-sequence thrusting to create required critical taper for an outward translation of the foreland fold-and-thrust belt. A balanced structural cross-section 349 km long from the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt restores to an original length of 727 km, suggesting a maximum of 378 km of shortening since 21 Ma in the cover strata of the Indian subcontinent. Calculation of displacement rates over the Sulaiman fold-and-thrust belt (18 mm/yr) added to the resolved rate of the Chaman fault vector for the component parallel to the plate convergence direction (15 mm/yr) are close to the current India-Asia plate convergence rate (37 mm/yr). 68 refs., 13 figs.

Jadoon, I.A.K. (Quaid-i-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Panama)); Lawrence, R.D.; Lillie, R.J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Measurements of activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides in soil samples from Punjab province of Pakistan and assessment of radiological hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......G. Natural radioactivity of some Mongolian building materials. Nuclear Research Center, National University of Mongolia, INIS Electronic form No. E16-20002-46 (2000). 13. Sam, A. K., Ahmed, M. M. O., El-Khangi, F. A., El-nigumi......

S. N. A. Tahir; K. Jamil; J. H. Zaidi; M. Arif; Nasir Ahmed; Syed Arif Ahmad

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The multistage exhumation history of the Kaghan Valley UHP series, NW Himalaya, Pakistan from U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar ages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...irradiated for 96 h in position 6 of the ICI (In Core Irradiation) system in the Geesthacht Neutron Facility (GeNF) at FRG-1, GKSS research centre at Geesthacht (Germany). The neutron flux variation over the length of the sample capsule...

Franziska D.H. Wilke; Patrick J. OBrien; Axel Gerdes; Martin J. Timmerman; Masafumi Sudo; M. Ahmed Khan

187

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman 9th Grade, Metro High School, Columbus, Ohio The Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 was for independence from Pakistan. India and Pakistan got Pakistan. Having control over the provinces, the West used up more resources than the East. Between 1948

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

188

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

189

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Gordon Research Conferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...materials"; T. A. Hewett, "Rock alteration by convective motions...thermal-hydraulic-mechanical pheonomena in fractured rocks"; Alan Weiser, "Reservoir simulation on an ar-bitrary...Geochemistry of crude oils and source rocks in Oman"; W. K. Seifert...

Alexander M. Cruickshank

1984-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

191

Microsoft PowerPoint - Session2_Rogers.pptx  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2008 - 2015 1,400 ACTUAL FORECAST search Program 1,200 Yemen USA - Kenai Trinidad Russia ACTUAL FORECAST atural Gas Res 1,000 Qatar Peru Papua New Guinea Oman Nameplate...

192

Revision of Ufens Girault, 1911 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15.ix-16.xi.1987, BRC [=CNC] Hym. Team, FIT in savanna (1 ).x.1987, MT, P. Forchhammer (CNC). Paratypes 2 , same databoth. Types. - Holotype (CNC). OMAN: Muscat, Madinat Qaboos,

Owen, Albert K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Deep and Surface Circulation in the Northwest Indian Ocean from Argo, Surface Drifter, Satellite, and In Situ Profiling Current Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

located in the Sea of Oman and Arabian Sea, as well as a model skill comparison of the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) model, contributed to understanding the dynamics in this region. Spatial patterns of surface current velocity produced from...

Stryker, Sarah

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

194

A multisensory observer model for human spatial orientation perception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative "observer" models for spatial orientation and eye movements have been developed based on 1-G data from humans and animals (e.g. Oman 1982, 1991, Merfeld, et al 1993, 2002; Haslwanter 2000, Vingerhoets 2006). ...

Newman, Michael C. (Michael Charles)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Carnets de Gologie / Notebooks on Geology -Letter CG2011/04 (CG2011_L04) Aptian ammonites of Abu Dhabi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and neighboring countries (Oman, Qatar, ...). Ammonites had been reported in the oil wells of offshore Abu Dhabi BUSNARDO 1 Bruno GRANIER 2 Abstract: The identification of some twenty ammonite fragments from oil wells

Boyer, Edmond

197

Middle East  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Obtaining Entry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova Pakistan Russia Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan click to view 10-15 work days NOTE: Due to DOE requirements, requests from...

199

Corruption in India Andrew Sanchez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

citizens to access resources and preferential state treatment to which they are not entitled. Second much worse, including regional neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. However, the real significance

200

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

especially for net oil importers. In Bangladesh, Brazil, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, Burma (Myanmar), Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Thailand,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Reports and other Publications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Vol. 134, Article 2: A Contribution to the Herpetology of West Pakistan. By Sherman A. Minton, Jr. Pp. 27-184 +plates 9-36. $5. ( ...

1967-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

202

COLLOQUIUM: Nuclear Famine: The Threat to Humanity from Nuclear...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Nuclear Famine: The Threat to Humanity from Nuclear Weapons Dr. Alan Robock Rutgers University A nuclear war between India and Pakistan, with...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - area northeast china Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam (Figure 1). China's western areas include... in the north of China. An area dubbed the ... Source: Wisconsin at...

204

Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network (MAIN) Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Peru-The Mitigation Action...

205

Colony Mills Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited Place: Lahore, Pakistan Sector: Solar Product: Yarn manufacturer, plans to set up solar thermal plant. References: Colony Mills Limited1 This article is a stub. You can...

206

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

207

The Way Forward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Draws together findings from the chain of analyses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, distinguishing between the relative significance of different scenarios, impacts, and adaptations, and highlighting recommendations for research, ...

Yu, Winston

208

Alternative Energy Development Board | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Board Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alternative Energy Development Board Place: Islamabad, Pakistan Product: Islamabad-based autonomous body under the Ministry of Water and...

209

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 6554  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Vehari 61100, Pakistan e-mail: shahidzeeshan@gmail.com E. Ferrand Laboratoire d'Etude Radioécologique en

Boyer, Edmond

210

Sandia's Cooperative Monitoring Center celebrates 20 years |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the photo: In this 1998 photo, Kent Biringer, manager of International Nuclear Threat Reduction, meets with visiting scholars from Pakistan and India at the Cooperative Monitoring...

211

Jordan: A Refugee Haven ---Country Profile Graldine Chatelard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan: A Refugee Haven --- Country Profile Géraldine Chatelard August 2010, Migration Information Jordan since the Palestinian exodus of 1948 has played a key role in the country's politics, economy's Hashemite monarchy to ensure its own stability. Jordan is a case in point for how various forms of mobility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Egypt after the Multi-Fiber Arrangement: Global Apparel and Textile Supply Chains as a Route for Industrial Upgrading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dan Magder is a financial analyst in mergers and acquisitions at Capital One. He spent several years advising public- and private-sector companies on business strategy and development. He worked with Fortune 500 firms at Vertex Partners, a boutique strategy consulting firm, and was a consultant to Palestinian, Jordanian, and Israeli companies as part of Michael

Dan Magder

213

More outreach for young scientists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. International water law would see this change to a roughly 60:40 split in Israel's favour. Another source or code -- in protecting patient confidentiality, for example. In such cases, authors should justify). By creating a bargaining market, it has stifled investment in and management of the Palestinian water sector

Richner, Heinz

214

Danger of Tunnels on Al Aqsa Mosque Buildings For more than 40 years, the city of Jerusalem has faced accelerated historical transformation on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Danger of Tunnels on Al Aqsa Mosque Buildings Abstract For more than 40 years, the city tunnels under Al Aqsa Mosque and the Arab historical town to weaken the foundation of buildings. This research highlights Palestinian, Israeli and international important reports about the excavations under Al

215

Caught in the Middle East: Japan's diplomacy in transition  

SciTech Connect

Japan's increasing dependence on Persian Gulf oil has caused its U.S.-centered foreign policy to shift. Drawing on personal interviews with senior Japanese officials, the author discusses Japan's changing diplomacy in regard to such problems as the Iran-Iraq war, Soviet aggression, and the Palestinian struggle for autonomy.

Yoshitsu, M.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Monday, 8 November, PS1 parallel sessions 10:45-12:45 Location Evans Auditorium Tent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:55 Furniss, Michael, US Forest Service, Afforestation Of River Bars And Landslide Surfaces In Northwest Change And Desertification On Human Health Hind, Monther, Palestinian Wastewater Engineers Group, Socio Economic and Environmental Impact Of Reuse of Treated Gray Wastewater in Bedouin Area 12:05 12:10 Eshel

Prigozhin, Leonid

217

The valley of Shimshal a geographical portrait of a remote high mountain settlement and its pastures with reference to environmental habitat conditions in the North-West Karakorum (Pakistan)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents observations on the natural hazard potential for permanent and seasonal mountain settlements and infrastructure such as routeways and irrigation canals in the North-West Karakorum. The remot...

Iturrizaga Lasafam

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

Dombey, Norman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Abdus Salam: A Reappraisal. Part II Salam's Part in the Pakistani Nuclear Weapon Programme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salam's biographies claim that he was opposed to Pakistan's nuclear weapon programme. This is somewhat strange given that he was the senior Science Advisor to the Pakistan government for at least some of the period between 1972 when the programme was initiated and 1998 when a successful nuclear weapon test was carried out. I look at the evidence for his participation in the programme.

Norman Dombey

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

220

Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEATHER, p. 2 SECTIONS World & Nation 2 Opinion 4 Arts 12 Fun Pages 13 SportsRESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Nuclear nonproliferation strategies for South Asia  

SciTech Connect

Continued expansion of the nuclear weapons capabilities of India and Pakistan, coupled with ongoing conflict between them, raises the probability of nuclear war in South Asia. A nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan could also harm efforts to discourage other nations from acquiring nuclear weapons. United States policy opposes the spread of nuclear weapons because proliferation increases threats to U.S. national security and to world peace and stability. However, there is debate on the dangers of an escalating arms race in South Asia. Steps taken by the United States and other countries to persuade India and Pakistan to end their nuclear weapons programs have had limited success, at most slowing down their pace. A complicating factor is that India maintains a nuclear capability in part to deter China, whereas Pakistan`s nuclear weapons capability is aimed at deterring India`s superior conventional and nuclear capabilities. Analysts and policy officials are divided on how to avoid an arms race in South Asia. The Clinton Administration has renewed efforts to break the deadlock over nonproliferation, but longstanding obstacles have blocked progress. Pakistan favors a regional approach to nonproliferation, while India insists on a global approach that treats the nuclear powers on an equal basis with non nuclear weapon countries. This report analyzes the nuclear capabilities of India and Pakistan and reviews several options for U.S. nonproliferation policy in South Asia.

Davis, Z.S.

1994-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

223

????? ? ??? ? ????? Gender Equality & Womens Empowerment UNDP Invitation for Prequalification Developing curriculum and training material to train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gender Equality and Womens Empowerment GEWE is a joint programme MDG-F GEWE that 6 UN agencies are jointly implementing in the occupied Palestinian Territories. This programme aims at reducing gender-based violence and all forms of violence against women and the girl child; increasing the representation of women and womens issues in decisionmaking bodies; and ensuring equal opportunities for womens economic participation, especially women survivors of gender-based violence. Capacity to provide refuge, security, and access to justice strengthened and the organization of training and workshops to raise awareness on gender in local authorities and related NGOs, are among the responsibilities of UNDP, The service includes but is not limited to the following: 1- Develop specialized curricula and training material illustrating the gendered impacts of Palestinian Basic Law in the different parts of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). 2- Identify and train 500-600 male and female judges, prosecutors, and lawyers in the oPt on provision of assistance to victims of violence and gender based violence in the West Bank and Gaza. 3- Develop and provide gender justice awareness training to local government unit staff in 15 districts (covering the entire oPt) by addressing both men & women officials on mainstreaming locally specific gender justice in district development planning, to identify, plan, deliver and report on gender and on MDGs. 4- Monitor and evaluate the efficacy of all training developed in order to address any gaps.

unknown authors

224

The Environmental Crisis: Quantifying Geosphere Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...be in-duced by man's activity, or natural phe-nomena such as volcanism, it is...be quite misleading, but the study of natural systems may provide data with appropriate...deposits, such as the classic ores of Cyprus or Oman, have been confirmed. Concepts...

W. S. Fyfe

1981-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

225

Recovery rates, enhanced oil recovery and technological limits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Oman-initial results and future plans. In Proc. SP EOR Conf...Moradi-Araghi, A . 2000 A review of thermally stable gels...through EOR: policy and regulatory considerations for greenhouse...TE Burchfield. 1989 Review of microbial technology...enhanced-oil-recovery technologies: a review of the past present and...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Courses: Art History (ARTH) Page 257Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Arth 312 prinCipleS Of ArtS MAnAGeMent (3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or a related major and concurrent enrollment or completion of ARTH 490H. Arth 420 pre-ClASSiCAl Art (3 BC-100 AD). Arth 424 rOMAn Art (3-4) A seminar/survey course covering Etruscan and Roman art

Ravikumar, B.

227

Page 266 Course Descriptions Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog Arth 312 prinCipleS Of ArtS MAnAGeMent (3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or a related major and concurrent enrollment or completion of ArtH 490H. Arth 420 pre-ClASSiCAl Art (3 BC-100 AD). Arth 424 rOMAn Art (3-4) A seminar/survey course covering Etruscan and Roman art

Ravikumar, B.

228

Potential influence of the Pacific Ocean on the Indian summer monsoon and Harappan decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Article history: Available online 27 November 2009 a b s t r a c t Harappan agriculture and urban water and interannual variability during the Late Harappan Phase would have continued to present water resource the presence of Harappan artifacts in Meso- potamia and Oman, it is clear that Harappan trade linkages not only

229

THE UNASSISTED VISUAL SYSTEM ON EARTH AND IN SPACE Laurence R. Harris*, Michael Jenkin, Heather Jenkin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 THE UNASSISTED VISUAL SYSTEM ON EARTH AND IN SPACE Laurence R. Harris*, Michael Jenkin, Heather, Canada *Corresponding author: Laurence Harris Dept. Psychology York University Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3 Email: harris@yorku.ca Phone: 416 736 2100 x 66108 Abstract Chuck Oman has been a guide and mentor

Jenkin, Michael R. M.

230

Related Papers, including model results from CAM-Chem 1. Butchart, N., A. J. Charlton-Perez, I. Cionni, S. C. Hardiman, P. H. Haynes, K.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Chipperfield, M. Dameris, S. Dhomse, V. Eyring, R. Garcia, H. Garny, P. Jockel, J.- F. Lamarque, M. Marchand, M. Marchand, T. Nakamura, L. D. Oman, S. Pawson, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, E. Rozanov, T. G. Shepherd, K.-F. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, J. E. Nielsen, D. Olivié, G

231

Gordon Research Conferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biological marker composi-tion in crude oils-relation to bulk hy-drocarbon generation...Lijm-bach, "Geochemistry of crude oils and source rocks in Oman"; W. K. Seifert...Biomarker char-acterization of lacustrine oils and source rocks." Biomarker fundamentals...

Alexander M. Cruickshank

1984-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

232

2 REGION 6 COASTAL CHARTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gulf of Oman and Adjacent Coasts-Karachi to Jazirat Masirah 1,000,000 62032 Persian Gulf 1 Kerguelen (OMEGA) 300,000 62000 Gulf of Aden (OMEGA) 1,000,000 62001 Red Sea 1,800,000 Plan: Khalig El Suweis (Gulf of Suez) 500,000 62024 Al Masirah to Ra's Raysut including Suqutra Island 1,000,000 62028

Russell, Lynn

233

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The unstable Gulf, Threats from within  

SciTech Connect

Martin offers an analysis of disputes along the borders of countries in the Persian Gulf region and a description of the religious, ethnic, and ideological tensions among the peoples. The pros and cons of various options for protecting American interests are outlined. The discussion covers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, North and South Yemen, Oman, Soudi Arabia, U.A.E., Bahrain, and Qatar.

Martin, L.G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

United states Depart .ent of th8 Interior, J . Fish and l!iildl i fe Service , Albert I . a , r c or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE P"...RSIAN GULF Contents P ~ e Fish of the Persian and Oman Gulfs .. ....·........... ...... . .. . ..... . ........ .. · 6 Edibl e Fish in t he Per s ian Gulf .. .......... . ... . ...... . . . .· . . ... 6 Ki nds of ::E siE.n .Gulf 0 Ch!.t,; OC

236

The provenance, variety, and deposition of sediment and the formation of dunes in the eastern Rub' al-Khali, southeast Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A.E. and Oman, up to 80 km inland from the Persian Gulf, active dunes are underlain by carbonate on the Arabian steppe and in the Persian Gulf region (Fig. 2). They define the shape of dunes and manage between late May and early July (Edgell, 2006). Traveling southeast along the Persian Gulf, the Shamal

Wilson, Mark A.

237

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. By Richard A. Kahn. 11 pp. May 1948. 304. Part I, Fish of the Persian and Oman Gulfs. By H. G. Bolster . Part II, Edible Fish in the Persian Gulf. By Robert R. Schoot. 8 pp. May 1948. 305. Guano Islands, Union of the South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. By Branch of Fishery Biology. 5 pp. Illus. September 1948. 320

238

Two new endosymbiotic species of Haplosyllis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, with new data on H.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea, with new data on H. djiboutiensis from the Persian Gulf P. LATTIG1,2* & D. MARTIN2 1 Departamento;2 Introduction The northernmost Indian Ocean (i.e. Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman and Persian, especially in the Red Sea (Wehe & Fiege 2002). In the Persian Gulf, most of the cumacean species found

Martin, Daniel

239

Mr. Salah ChoukiMr. Rajeev AroraHubert H. Humphrey Head, Feed Resources Division,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benefit from the American expertise in the fields of wastewater treatment and water resources. Hintsa Ghebremedhin Bisrat Enterprise Development CoordinatorRuwi, Sultanate of Oman Rural Enterprise and As Enterprise Development Coordinator for the Rural Enterprise Unit under the Rural Enterprise Investment

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

240

There's a boom on here  

SciTech Connect

The aim of virtually every producer in this biggest of all oil areas is to expand oil productive capacity between now and 1995. This multi-billion-dollar effort has already sharply increased activity: 1990 drilling in Oman, Iraq and Saudi alone will equal that of the entire region only four years ago.

Not Available

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

2004 SUMATRA-ANDAMAN TSUNAMI SURVEYS IN THE COMORO ISLANDS AND TANZANIA AND REGIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD FROM FUTURE SUMATRA EVENTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Spectra , 22 , S263-S283. Okal, E.A., Fritz, H.M., Raad, P.E., Synolakis, C.E., Al-Shijbi, Y. and Al-Saifi, M. (2006b). Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Earthquake Spectra , 22 , S203-S218. Okal...

E.A. OKAL; H.M. FRITZ; A. SLADEN

242

Far-field tsunami hazard from mega-thrust earthquakes in the Indian Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Soc. Amer., 96, 1634-1648. Okal E.A. , Fritz H.M., Raad P.E., Synolakis C.E., Al-Shijbi Y., Al-Saifi M., 2006b. Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Earthq. Spectra, 22, S203-S218. Okal E......

Emile A. Okal; Costas E. Synolakis

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Effect of Murray ridge on the tsunami propagation from Makran subduction zone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1992) 82(2):1018-1040. Okal E.A. , Fritz H.M., Raad P.E., Synolakis C.E., Al-Shijbi Y., Al-Saifi M. Field survey of the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami in Oman. Earthq. Spectra (2006) 22(S3):S203-S218. Okal E.A......

M. Swapna; Kirti Srivastava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Numerical Modeling of the Great 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Focus on the Mascarene Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Spectra 22, S263-S283. Okal, E. A., H. M. Fritz, C. E. Synolakis, P. E. Raad, Y. Al-Shijbi, and M. Al-Saifi (2006b). Oman field survey after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Earthquake Spectra 22, S203-S218. Okal, E...

H. Hbert; A. Sladen; F. Schindel

245

Deep-Sea Research II 47 (2000) 227}257 Variations in bioturbation across the oxygen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deep-Sea Research II 47 (2000) 227}257 Variations in bioturbation across the oxygen minimum zone 1999; received in revised form 25 March 1999; accepted 30 March 1999 Abstract Oxygen minimum zones) along a transect across the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) on the Oman margin. Bottom-water oxygen

Levin, Lisa

246

Fracture model for cemented aggregates Aleksander Zubelewicz, Darla G. Thompson, Martin Ostoja-Starzewski, Axinte Ionita, Devin Shunk et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy as a viable option for Pakistan J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5, 013104 (2013) Bio-oil production by fast pyrolysis from agriculture residue in northeastern China J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5

Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

247

Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

Rasheed, Bilhuda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

Mohr, Robert Allen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

160W 156W 160W 140W  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Germany Pakistan Puerto Rico (USA) #12;PRIVATE · Accenture (Consultant) · Advanced Environmental Associate) · Environmental Consulting & Technology, Inc (Environmental Scientist) · GardenBleu Landscape) · Clean Energy Coalition (Project Associate) · Detroiters Working for Environmental Justice (Climate

Awtar, Shorya

250

Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water was a Fellow ASCE, Honorary Diplomat Engineering Water Resources and received the Hans Albert Einstein Award

251

Army Veteran Gains Experience at EM Site | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Infantry Division (Duke Brigade) out of Fort Knox, Ky. "Our mission was to mentor and train the Afghan Border Police to better secure and defend the Pakistan border against...

252

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

Mirza, Umar Karim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

The world of geography: Visualizing a knowledge domain with cartographic means  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distribution recreation geography oil and gas industry historical geography...soil-vegetation modeling greenhouse gas emissions environmental...baseball delaunay pakistan missouri computer honolulu oklahoma...development cultural heritage missouri politics land use planning...

Andr Skupin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 7, 2012-Former New York Times reporter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New York Times reporter Philip Taubman talks about the current state of nuclear threats, including Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, and the possibility of a nuclear 9-11 at a...

255

IBMR Updating to IBMR 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The last version of Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR) is based on data from 2000 (primarily the Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan and water-related data from the Water and Power Development Authority [WAPDA]) and earlier ...

Yu, Winston

256

Utilizing Solar Thermal Energy in Textile Processing Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the prospects of solar thermal energy utilization in the textile processing units in Pakistan. Various solar thermal technologies suitable for thermal energy production and their application...

Asad Mahmood; Khanji Harijan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

An Unending Mission to Contain the Stuff of Nuclear Nightmares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Pelindaba attack showed, even...still leave nuclear sites vulnerable...threat of nuclear terrorism, he says...the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan...poses a high risk of nuclear terrorism. Terrorists...

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

258

Crops for a Salinized World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including Pakistan, India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco...tolerate salinity require energy and therefore might...for animals, but also renewable energy (biofuel and biodiesel...traditional raw materials for energy productionoil...

Jelte Rozema; Timothy Flowers

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

259

Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Tanzania...Climate Change established an international policy context for the reduction...Burkina Faso's land policy and Sri Lanka and the Philippines...agricultural development. Access to international markets is clearly important...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

Yu, Winston

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Catalytic Effect of BL and BL+Ca Mixed Catalyst on Sulfur-Containing Gasses of Pakistani Lignite Chars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pakistan is abundant in natural coal reserves, has vast resources in all four provinces...1...], and has emerged as one of the leading country seventh in the list of top 20 countries of the world, after the dis...

G. R. Jaffri; J.-Y. Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

U.S. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Costa Rica 2004-2013 El Salvador 2004-2013 Guatemala 2012-2014 Jamaica 2004-2013 Netherlands 2006-2014 Nicaragua 2012-2014 Pakistan 2006-2006 Singapore 24 2014-2014 Trinidad...

263

Catalogue of Minor Planet Names and Discovery Circumstances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Smiley not only worked on the field of minor planet dynamics. He led 14 solar eclipse expeditions, in Peru, Canada, Brazil, Thailand, Pakistan, and the ... published in J.R. Astron. Soc. Canada, Vol. 72, p. 4647...

Lutz D. Schmadel

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

Yu, Winston

265

Controling factors on hydrocarbon accumulation in Strait of Hormuz, Persian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Several structures with reasonable magnatiud has been detected on the seismic survey, carried out by IRAN and OMAN between the Coordinates of 56{degrees} to 57{degrees} East in the strait of HORMUZ. Some of these anticlines found to be commercially oil bearing in the middle and Upper Cretaceous horizons (Local names of SARVAK and ILAM reservoir). Where as in the other surrounding structures despite of presence the same conditions of large anticlines & reservoir horizons no sign of hydrocarbon accumulation has been observed. The reasons of this anomally which depends an many factors is highly vital to the regional producing countries. This controling factors will be evaluated on this paper. The berif reasons are as follow: Regional deformation versus Geological history. Tectonic events of the OMAN Region. Lower CAMBERIAN SALT Diapirism. Thickness and facies variation of the area. Fractured porosity extention.

Vasseghi, B. [Iranian Offshore Oil Co., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

HIV Injustice in Libya Scapegoating Foreign Medical Professionals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...-Fateh Children's Hospital in Benghazi, Libya, that peaked in 1998 has been studied in detail by international experts, who have pored over patient charts, tested hundreds of blood samples to characterize the virus, and observed patient care activities at the hospital. All have concluded that the outbreak... On December 19, a Libyan court is scheduled to announce its verdict in the trial of five Bulgarian nurses and one Palestinian doctor who have languished in prison for 8 years on charges that they intentionally injected more than 400 Libyan children with ...

Rosenthal E.

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

267

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1983  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1983 totaled 4,275,054,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,712,476 BOPD), down 3.7% from the revised total of 4,440,841,000 bbl produced in 1982. Iran, Kuwait, the Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, and Oman had significant increases. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi had significant decreases. 8 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Pickford, P.J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Environmental Assessment of the CIESOL Solar Building after Two Years Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weighed average according to percentage of imports to Spain from Norway, Trinidad and Tobago, Qatar, Oman, Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, Lybia and Equatorial Guinea. ... results from field tests of a part load solar energized cooling system for typical Spanish houses in Madrid during summer are presented. ... Rosiek, S.; Batlles, F. J. Integration of the solar thermal energy in the construction: Analysis of the solar-assisted air-conditioning system installed in CIESOL building Renewable Energy 2009, 34, 1423 1431 ...

Francisco J. Batlles; Sabina Rosiek; Ivan Muoz; Amadeo R. Fernndez-Alba

2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

Structure, biosynthesis, and physicochemical properties of archaebacterial lipids.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...l-sulfo)-glycerol-P C20H41 C20H41 f-gal-3-sulfate-(l-.6)-at-man-(1-2)-ct-glc C2 F H421 C2u of a l-gal-(hli6) -a-man-e(ci 2)-a-glc C2 oH4 1 C 2 oH4 1 6-glc- (1-*6) -o-man- (1-o2) -a-glc...

M De Rosa; A Gambacorta; A Gliozzi

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Essays in Empirical Macroeconomics: Applications to the GCC Monetary Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................................................50 Figure 3.1: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Price Shock........................................84 Figure 3.2: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Production Shock..............................85 Figure 3.3: Impulse Response Functions to a... of the GCC area. I then outline the essential motivations and research objectives of this dissertation. 1 Characteristics of the GCC Area 1.1 Historical Background In May 1981, the six Head of States of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia...

Al-Hassan, Abdullah Mohammed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

News From the D.C. Office: Presidential Mission on Energy Investment in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. 3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. News From the D.C. Office Presidential Mission on Energy Investment in Pakistan Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary led a presidential mission on energy investment in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan September 19-25, 1994. Stephen Wiel, who heads the Energy and Environment Division's Washington D.C. Project Office, participated in the mission. It was the first visit to Pakistan by a U.S. cabinet member for a nonmilitary purpose: to build economic bridges and an enhanced business relationship between the two countries. Members of the mission were assigned to work on oil and natural gas, coal, rural development and renewables, energy efficiency and environment, and electricity (including generation, transmission, and distribution). Stephen

272

9 - Afghanistan Border Fixing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The international borders of Afghanistan were defined in late nineteenth century when the British Empire, in collaboration with the Russian and Persian empires, forced the present-day borders onto the greater Afghanistan region. Prior to border demarcation through foreign border commissions (British, Russian, Persian, Chinese), almost no Afghans were involved. Parts of the existing borders have remained highly contentious to this day, with the Durand-Line border between Afghanistan and Pakistan that was drawn to deliberately split the Pashtun tribes, being the most heated argument of the present time. Basically Afghanistan has opposed this border, whereas official Pakistan, wants to keep the border as is. This is precisely because the border does effectively divide the fractious Pashtuns and better enable the Punjabi-dominated government in Pakistan to keep control of its portion of the tribes. Partition of Afghanistan has been discussed repeatedly, particularly when conditions and politics have become extreme and violent.

John F. Shroder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Teleportation of an atomic momentum state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

axis, then it changes into 2p0 if there is a one-photon state inside the cavity, and remains p0 if the cavity field is in a vacuum state. Teleportation of an atomi Shahid Qamar,1,2 Shi-Yao Zhu 1Institute for Quantum Studies and Department.... Suhail Zubairy1,4 exas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 n Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, , Pakistan t University, Hong Kong, China m University, Islamabad, Pakistan ; published 22 April 2003! a superposition...

Qamar, S.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Apidologie 40 (2009) 296312 Available online at: c INRA/DIB-AGIB/EDP Sciences, 2009 www.apidologie.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years between 1880 and 1980 the South and Southeast Asian nations of In- dia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka population density, and in some countries such as Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, rapid population growth con for nesting, and often involve reduction in food resources and the use of pesticides. In some cases, direct in

Boyer, Edmond

275

Visiting Researchers in FY2011 EuropeOceaniaMiddle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources Laboratory Materials and Structures Bangladesh Mongolia Nepal Laos Pakistan 26 13 12 8 6 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Affiliation North America of Information Science and Engineering Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology Chemical Resources

276

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia A. Sorg adaptation measures will be needed to cope with changing water resources. In view of the geo, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan make up an area that is larger in size than India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Stoffel, Markus

277

International development projects, supporting education, health, business, children and more...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. We want to be sure that what we do makes a genuine difference in people. We will continue to invest our time, our resources, our passion and our commitment, building on our and management. Freely accessible learning resources The rise of Open Educational Resources (OERs) has created

Bandara, Arosha

278

Summary for Policymakers Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy,Yale University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control and natural resource management challenges. With budgetary constraints an issue around the world Pollution (effects on human health) · Air Pollution (ecosystem effects) · Water Resources (ecosystem effects Viet Nam 17 17 Mongolia 13 18 Bangladesh 5 19 China 20 20 Pakistan 16 21 India 19 East Europe & Central

Columbia University

279

Contact Us! The Center for South Asian Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emerging in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne- pal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sponsored by the Duke Center for South Asian Studies, the Certificate will provide you with resources countries like India and Bangladesh have become key locations for international businesses looking to export

Zhou, Pei

280

JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

NONE

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle of proliferation: The more places in which this work is done, the harder it is to monitor. Weapons have been, North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya

Laughlin, Robert B.

282

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

283

Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

Johnson, Jeff A.

284

Genome Sequence of "Candidatus Frankia datiscae" Dg1, the Uncultured Microsymbiont from Nitrogen-Fixing Root Nodules of the Dicot Datisca glomerata  

SciTech Connect

Members of the noncultured clade of Frankia enter into root nodule symbioses with actinorhizal species from the orders Cucurbitales and Rosales. We report the genome sequence of a member of this clade originally from Pakistan but obtained from root nodules of the American plant Datisca glomerata without isolation in culture.

Persson, Thomas [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Benson, David R [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Normand, Philippe [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Vanden Heuvel, Brian [Colorado State University, Pueblo CO; Pujic, Petar [Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Pawlowski, Katharina [Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Berry, Alison M [California Institute of Technology, University of California, Davis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Singapore Vietnam Pakistan Malaysia Philippines Thailand Taiwan Australia Indonesia SouthKorea Japan India. Coal reserves have not increased in size, but the supply will last for at least a cen- tury at current abundant supplies of fossil fuels. AFTERKYOTO The legacy of a climate treaty nature.com/kyoto Coal Oil

Toohey, Darin W.

286

A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

New Hampshire, University of

287

Agron. Sustain. Dev. 28 (2008) 299305 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of compost enriched with N and L-tryptophan on soil and maize Rizwan Ahmad1 , Azeem Khalid1 , Muhammad Arshad, Pakistan (Accepted 3 December 2007) Abstract ­ Composting provides an excellent way to manage the huge volume of organic waste and convert it into a useful soil amendment. The effectiveness of composted

Boyer, Edmond

288

Project Management and Analysis Project Conception and Execution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TD 608 Project Management and Analysis Part I Project Conception and Execution Milind Sohoni of the paper? How does the author compare India and Pakistan? Do you agree with the cost-benefit analysis? What are your criticisms? Compare the CBA with our 6-goat system. Comment on the viability of the project

Sohoni, Milind

289

Summer 2014 BOSTONIA 11 In April The new  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the improvement of the human condi- tion around the globe, will open in the fall. Najam, a College of Arts numerous books and more than 100 scholarly articles exploring sustainable development, Muslim and South in Pakistan. "Mr. Pardee's generosity allows us to build something truly unique and meaningful," Najam says

290

Gamma-emitting radionuclides in the shallow marine sediments off the Sindh coast, Arabian Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Pakistan), the Bay of Bengal(18) and...absorbed gamma radiation outdoor dose rates (D...Norwegian Radiation Protection...estuary and the Bay of Bengal. Health...evaluation of the radiation hazard...Assessment of dose rate and...G. E. Estimation of radiation......

M. Akram; Riffat M. Qureshi; Nasir Ahmad; Tariq Jamal Solaija

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

JPRS report, nuclear developments  

SciTech Connect

This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan; (3) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia; (4) Argentina, Brazil, Panama; (5) India, Iran, Pakistan, Israel, Afghanistan; (6) Soviet Union; (7) France, Germany, Turkey, Belgium, Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom; and (8) South Africa.

NONE

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

292

Assimilation of Heterogeneous Resources by Utilizing a Unified Format of XML for Constructing OLAP Cubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cubes Sohail Asghar Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences Mohammad Ali Jinnah University Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: rukhsanahunzai@hotmail.com Simon Fong Faculty of Science and Technology University of Macau Macau SAR e-mail: ccfong@umac.mo Abstract

Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

293

An Unending Mission to Contain the Stuff of Nuclear Nightmares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pelindaba attack showed...still leave nuclear sites vulnerable...levels of security than Pelindaba...of nuclear terrorism, he says...developing tighter security systems...the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan...poses a high risk of nuclear terrorism. Terrorists...achieve nuclear security, she says...

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

Index of Books Reviewed in Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...C. S. Hyneman (Univ. of Illinois Press), 13 Nov. 1959, 1333...in West Pakistan, 1955, H. Field (Peabody Museum), 10 July...s, J. IR. Calsd-xell (Illinois State NILIseCmL), 1 9 JtIne...1959, 787 S! 1i/)Opsi)ii oil SSociologiial/Theory, L...

1960-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

295

Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War  

SciTech Connect

Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

NONE

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Look at the Consequences of Internet Censorship Through an ISP Lens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internet censorship artificially changes the dynamics of resource production and consumption, affecting a range of stakeholders that include end users, service providers, and content providers. We analyze two large-scale censorship events in Pakistan: ... Keywords: censorship, content blocking, isp traffic, porn, video streaming

Sheharbano Khattak, Mobin Javed, Syed Ali Khayam, Zartash Afzal Uzmi, Vern Paxson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Homage to Frank von Hippel Remarks at the dinner culminating the WWS-Bulletin Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that there should be zero nuclear testing below ground ­ zero, not even itty bitty nuclear tests below some low that could allow Americans to think of Russians as different enough that exterminating them in a nuclear war key country where nuclear weapons policy is alive: Russia, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Brazil

299

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-Space Optical High-Speed Link in the Urban Area of Southern Rome: Preliminary Experimental Set is placed on water particle effects (fog and rain). A semi-empirical model evaluation of these atmospheric, Piazza Pakistan, height 50 m), and the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Trade (point C, Viale

Marzano, Frank Silvio

300

Population Processes Demographic Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicator is the best? A) Crude Birth Rate B) General Fertility Rate C) Age Specific Fertility Rate D) Total Fertility Rate E) Replacement Fertility 5 6 Measuring Fertility Crude Birth Rate General of Sudan (north) Nigeria Pakistan Kenya Philippines India Bangladesh Egypt Indonesia Mexico Russia Vietnam

Huang, Youqin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of condensed matter physics. In the Fleischmann­Pons excess heat effect [4, 5], a great deal of energy Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA E-mail: plh@mit.edu 2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology. Lahore, Pakistan Abstract. Motivated by many

Williams, Brian C.

302

Evidences of Evolution 1. African Elephants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Population density ·One tribe went bersek, as though more glucose was added at the 33k gen? ·Analyze ·Plate cultures vs Shake flask ·Ara+ = white colonies; Ara- = red colonies ·Founding population, 12 from Eocene beds of Africa and Pakistan (Drawing by Carl Buell) #12;OTHER EVOLUTION THEORIES

Mittal, Aditya

303

New constraints on upper-mantle S-velocity structure and crustal thickness of the Iranian plateau using partitioned waveform inversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......To evaluate the resolving power of the data set, various checkerboard...is more concerned than the restoration of the amplitude of anomalies...1900-1999, International Handbook of Earthquakes and Engineering...and Pakistan as an active arc system, Geology, 5, 664-668......

Navid Shad Manaman; Hossein Shomali; Hemin Koyi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Marine Fisheries On the cover: The queen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Pakistan Fish Rules, Caribbean Pollution, and Japan: Billfish, Surimi, and 1980 Imports 27 Pacific Salmonid. or to this publication furnished by NMFS, in any advertising or sales promotion which would indicate or imply that NMFS, or which has as its purpose an intent to cause directly or indirectly the advertised product to be used

305

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

An assessment of operations of oil-exporting countries in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions from 16 oil-exporting countries are studied using Data Envelopment Analysis using indicators representing economic growth, energy consumption and emissions. The analysis for 1996 shows that Norway, Gabon and Nigeria are efficient and that Russia is inefficient. Malmquist Productivity Index analysis shows that there is progress in achieving higher values of GDP and non-fossil fuel consumption and in achieving lower values of fossil fuel consumption and carbon emissions in the year 1996 when compared with 1992 for Norway, Russia, Mexico, Algeria, Libya, Gabon and Oman.

Ramakrishnan Ramanathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (Fig. 3) In Bahrain and Saudi Arabiaconsumptionandproductionarematched.Neitherexportsrawgas.Omanremained smallnetexporterin2011,sinceitsLNGexportswerelargerthanitspipelineimports.a EPRGWP1302 5 Figure3:Gas... . Residential tariffs in Saudi Arabia havebeenreducedsixtimessince1950.(Fig.10) 12 9A 42012ramcoWorldMagazine.Foundations:TheKeystone.Vol.33No.6.Nov/Dec1982.AccessedAug.2...

Krane, Jim

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Monitoring of nitrogen dioxide in and around an  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recognising that nitrogen dioxide (NO2) may be the primary air contaminant released from an Oman liquid natural gas (LNG) plant, this study has been designed with emphasis on this pollutant. The dispersion of NO2 was examined and compared with measured data during the period from 23 February to 1 April 2001. The observed concentrations were obtained by using NO2 diffusion tubes to monitor the spatial distribution of NO2 concentrations around at four sites downwind of the plant site. The Industrial Source Complex Short-Term (ISCST) dispersion model was used to predict concentrations at the same sites and for the same time period. Evaluation of the results showed that the model predicted concentrations lower than those observed. However, the comparisons showed that the relationship between the modelled and measured concentrations was consistent. The model also allows the detailed description of predicted concentrations in contour map form. Generally, the predicted concentrations were found to be lower than the permissible limit values, with the maximum ground-level concentrations being found much closer to the plant. On the basis of this study, it can be stated that the Oman LNG plant would not cause any significant deterioration in air quality.

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

USAID | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID USAID Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (6 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

312

Akhter Solar Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Akhter Solar Limited Akhter Solar Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Akhter Solar Limited Place Islamabad, Pakistan Product Owns a 3MW module assembly line in Pakistan, which uses Q-Cells cells. Coordinates 33.709839°, 73.075912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.709839,"lon":73.075912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

313

SUNY | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SUNY SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This web site contains high-resolution wind and solar resource maps and data for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 26th, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated December 26th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords NREL pakistan solar SUNY SWERA USAID wind Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

314

Geospatial Data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This Geospatial Toolkit contains the lite (with lower resolution data) version of the GsT interfaced to HOMER for Pakistan. (Purpose): The products contained on this web site were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Source NREL Date Released December 31st, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated March 09th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords Geospatial Data GIS NREL pakistan SUNY SWERA UNEP USAID Data application/zip icon Download Executable Toolkit & Documentation (zip, 16.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2007 - 2010

315

Visual representation of gender in flood coverage of Pakistani print media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies gender representation in the visual coverage of the 2010 floods in Pakistan. The data were collected from flood visuals published in the most circulated mainstream English newspapers in Pakistan, Dawn and The News. This study analyses how gender has been framed in the flood visuals. It is argued that visual representation of gender reinforces the gender stereotypes and cultural norms of Pakistani society. The gender-oriented flood coverage in both newspapers frequently seemed to take a reductionist approach while confining the representation of women to gender, and gender-specific roles. Though the gender-sensitive coverage displayed has been typical, showing women as helpless victims of flood, it has aroused sentiments of sympathy among readers and donors, inspiring them to give immediate moral and material help to the affected people. This agenda set by media might be to exploit the politics of sympathy but it has the effect of endorsing gender stereotypes.

Zarqa S. Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Hamdard University | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hamdard University Hamdard University Jump to: navigation, search Name Hamdard University Place Karachi, Pakistan Zip 74600 Sector Solar Product University setting up Pakistan's first solar lab. Coordinates 24.88978°, 67.028511° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.88978,"lon":67.028511,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

317

Open space system study for the Dacca metropolitan area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department; ) (Iiember) (Eemb e r; ABSTRACT Open Space System Study for the Dacca Metropolitan Area (January 1/70) Wajeda J. Rab, B. Arch. , East Pakistan University of Engineering and Technology, Dacca; Directed by... compensation to the disappointment of the Moslems, Dacca University was established in 1ci12. This univer- sity became the nucleus of a new intellectual awareness in Eastern Bengal and inspired. the profuse publication of literary and political magazines...

Rab, Wajeda Jafar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Global Chemical Composition of Ambient Fine Particulate Matter for Exposure Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is in line with previous findings of high ambient PM2.5 exposure from biofuel burning(47, 48) and in addition to PM2.5 exposure from household air pollution. ... Cao, J.; Xu, H.; Xu, Q.; Chen, B.; Kan, H.Fine particulate matter constituents and cardiopulmonary mortality in a heavily polluted Chinese city Environ. ... Lahore, Pakistan is an emerging megacity that is heavily polluted with high levels of particle air pollution. ...

Sajeev Philip; Randall V. Martin; Aaron van Donkelaar; Jason Wai-Ho Lo; Yuxuan Wang; Dan Chen; Lin Zhang; Prasad S. Kasibhatla; Siwen Wang; Qiang Zhang; Zifeng Lu; David G. Streets; Shabtai Bittman; Douglas J. Macdonald

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Global energy in transition: environmental aspects of new and renewable sources for development  

SciTech Connect

Technical, development, and environmental aspects of the following alternative sources are assessed: solar energy, wind energy, energy from the oceans, hydropower, geothermal energy, biomass, fuelwood and charcoal, peat, oil shale and tar sands, and draft animal power. Policy issues for energy planning and development are presented for: rural energy, industry and transport, and financing new and renewable sources of energy. Summaries of the following national reports are included: China, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Jamaica, Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Sudan, and United States. (MHR)

Bassan, E.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Water and Nonwater-related Challenges of Achieving Global Sanitation Coverage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Long-term average annual runoff (Q) was used to represent renewable water resources(11). ... Twelve countries have both poor water quality and stressed populations of more than 1 million and have significant numbers of fishers: Morocco, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, Pakistan, Libya, India, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Kazakhstan, and China. ... Energy requirements for domestic water use associated with collection, storage, treatment, and transport, as well as providing water in sufficient quantities to transport human waste, also need to be considered. ...

Lauren M. Fry; James R. Mihelcic; David W. Watkins

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Standard costs for labor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STANDARD COSTS FOR LABOR A Thesis By MD. NURUL ABSAR KHAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texms in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... Administration and the government of East Pakistan. CONTENTS Chapter Page I. Introduction and Prelisd. nary Discussion II. Installation and Accounting Aspects of Standard Costs for Labor III, Recording~ Analysing and Reporting of Labor Vaxlances . 45 IV...

Khan, Mohammed Nurul Absar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Salt Management for Sustainable Degraded Water Land Application under Changing Climatic Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The percentages of the soils with salinity problem on irrigated lands in different countries are 27% for India, 28% for Pakistan, 13% for Israel, 20% for Australia, 15% for China, 50% for Iraq, and 30% for Egypt. ... Currently, under changing climatic conditions, the trend is for surface waters to dramatically increase in salinity due to higher evaporations rates coinciding with increased average daily temperatures. ... Global warming leads to higher water demand for crop production. ...

Runbin Duan; Clifford B. Fedler

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

323

Freezing the fighting: Military disengagement on the Siachen Glacier  

SciTech Connect

Since 1984, India and Pakistan have confronted each other militarily for control over the Siachen Glacier and its approaches in the eastern Karakoram mountain range, adjacent to the borders of India, Pakistan, and China. The longest-running armed conflict between two regular armies in the twentieth century, the conflict in Siachen has resulted in hundreds of casualties, mainly because of adverse climatic conditions and harsh terrain. The economic cost of sustaining a conflict in that geographically remote and climatically inhospitable region has also been extremely high for both countries. Past efforts by India and Pakistan to find a mutually acceptable solution have failed, mainly because of mutual distrust and suspicion. This paper examines Indian and Pakistani perceptions, preference, and policies, and identifies options for resolving the conflict. This paper also identifies the most appropriate verification and monitoring technologies to assist policy-makers in ensuring agreement stability and compliance. While a future agreement on resolving the dispute will depend, above all, on the political will of the Indian and Pakistani leaderships, adequate, appropriate verification and monitoring mechanism will enhance their ability to reach a sustainable and durable accord of the Siachen conflict. 1 fig.

Ahmed, S. [Asia Foundation, Islamabad (Pakistan); Sahni, V. [Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., New Delhi (India)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Nuclear deterrence in South Asia  

SciTech Connect

Did India and Pakistan nearly fight a nuclear war in 1990? In a provocative 1993 article, Seymour M. Hersh claims that they did. During a crisis with India over the rapidly escalating insurgency in Kashmir, Pakistan openly deployed its main armored tank units along the Indian border and, in secret, placed its nuclear-weapons arsenal on alert. As a result, the Bush Administration became convinced that the world was on the edge of a nuclear exchange between Pakistan and India. Universe of cases is admittedly small, but my argument is supported by recent research indicating that preemptive attacks of any kind have been historically rarer than conventionally believed. The nuclear era has seen two instances of preventive attacks against nuclear facilities-the 1981 Israeli bombing of Iraq`s Osirak nuclear facility and the allied coalition`s 1991 air war against Iraq-but both of these actions were taken without fear of nuclear reprisal. In situations where nuclear retaliation has been a possibility, no leader of nuclear weapon state has chosen to launch a preemptive first strike. 97 refs.

Hagerty, D.T. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

326

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

327

Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Jump to: navigation, search Name Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region: Institutions and Instruments for Moving Beyond an Environmental Management Culture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.escwa.un.org/inform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

328

Microsoft Word - Holcomb and Naselle Communication Upgrade CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum David Tripp - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Holcomb Radio Station and Naselle Substation Communication Upgrade Project Budget Information: Work Order # 00253203 and # 00253206 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems..." Locations: Holcomb Radio Station: Pacific County, Washington - Township 13 North, Range 7 West, Section 30 of the Lebam Quadrangle Naselle Substation: Pacific County, Washington - Township 10 North, Range 9 West, Section 4 of the Oman Ranch Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to upgrade the communication equipment at

329

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

330

Closing Statement to the GNEP Ministerial | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement to the GNEP Ministerial Statement to the GNEP Ministerial Closing Statement to the GNEP Ministerial October 1, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Borloo . . . and many thanks to the French government for hosting this meeting and for your leadership within GNEP. I also want to acknowledge the four newest members of our Partnership: Armenia, Estonia, Morocco and Oman, each of which signed our Statement of Principles today. As Minister Borloo indicated, today the GNEP members adopted a Joint Statement that reaffirms our strong commitment to ensuring that the expansion of civilian nuclear power is done safely and securely. . . in a manner that reduces the risk of nuclear proliferation and responsibly manages used nuclear fuel. Our Partnership operates with an eye to the future and a firm and realistic

331

Export.gov - FTA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FTA FTA Print | E-mail Page Free Trade Agreements Free Trade Agreements Home Australia Bahrain CAFTA-DR Chile Colombia Israel Jordan Korea Morocco NAFTA Oman Panama Peru Singapore Related Topics FTA Tariff Tool Trade Compliance Center USTR Website U.S. Free Trade Agreements Why should you care about free trade agreements (FTAs)? If you are looking to export your product or service, the United States may have negotiated favorable treatment through an FTA to make it easier and cheaper for you. Accessing FTA benefits for your product may require more record-keeping, but can also give your product a competitive advantage versus products from other countries. What is an FTA negotiated by the United States? An FTA is an agreement between two or more countries where the countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services, and

332

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Jump to: navigation, search Name MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Ministry of electricity and energy of Egypt, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Algeria, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

333

Too early to tell on $100 oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Confidential Confidential Presentation to: April 7, 2008 Middle East oil demand and Lehman Brothers oil price outlook Adam Robinson Middle East oil demand u Three pillars of Middle East oil demand - Petrodollar reinvestment - Purchasing power rise - Power sector constraints u Natural gas shortages for power generation mean balance of risks to any Middle East oil demand forecast are firmly to the upside, adding to summer upside seasonality u Lehman Brothers has pegged 3Q08 as the tightest quarter of the current oil cycle, with a possible turning point coming by the end of the year 1 Putting the GCC economy in global context u GCC = Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman u GDP/capita in 2007: $19,000 - Nearly 3x China and 5x India u At $800 bn, GCC is a top 10 developing economy by size

334

Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf  

SciTech Connect

This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Kazakhstan seeks to step up crude oil export capabilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the Commonwealth of Independent States' Kazakhstan republic is driving to achieve international export capability for its crude oil production. Latest official figures showed Kazakhstan producing 532,000 b/d, or a little more than 5% of the C.I.S. total of 10.292 million b/d. As part of its oil export campaign, Kazakhstan agreed with Oman to a joint venture pipeline to ship oil from Kazakh fields, including supergiant Tengiz, earmarked for further development by a Chevron Corp. joint venture. In addition, Kazakh leaders were scheduled to conduct 3 days of talks last week with Turkish officials covering construction of a crude oil pipeline to the Mediterranean Sea through Turkey.

Not Available

1992-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Petroleum and Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fisher et al. used laser ablation Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance-MS, FT-IR, and solid-state 13C NMR to study oil shales as possible fullerene precursors (B56). ... Lechner-Fish (D55) reviewed applications to multidimensional capillary GC for the analysis of NG mixtures to provide calorific value, source fingerprint, and calculation of physical properties. ... It was concluded that basin subsidence in response to the Alpine/Atlassic orogeny permitted the maturation of the Miocene source rocks, oil generation, and formation of oil traps, stratigraphic pinchouts, and structural enclosures on the flanks of folds and on the borders of grabens (F44) Beauchamp et al. (F45) studied reflection seismic data, geochemical data, and surface geology and proposed that a Cretaceous rift basin exists beneath the thrusted allocthonous sedimentary sequence of the Masirah graben, Oman. ...

Cliff T. Mansfield; Bahajendra N. Barman; Jane V. Thomas; Anil K. Mehrotra; R. Paul Philp

1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Wind farm land suitability indexing using multi-criteria analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind farm siting can be considered as Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem that consists of set of alternative locations and set of selection criteria. This study applied multi-criteria decision making approach using Analytical Hierarchy Process with Ordered Weigh Averaging AHP-OWA aggregation function to derive wind farm land suitability index and classification under Geographical Information System (GIS) environment. Linguistic quantifiers version of AHP-OWA aggregation function was used to classify lands based on their suitability for wind farm installation. Different selection criteria were considered including economical (distance to road, terrain slope), social (urban area), environmental (historical locations, wildlife and natural reserves) and technical (wind power density, energy demand matching, percentage of sustainable wind, turbulence intensity, sand dunes). A case study of the proposed approach is implemented and presented for Oman.

Sultan Al-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Adel Gastli; Abdullah Al-Badi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Biomonitoring of trace metal bioavailabilities to the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite along the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fouling barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite is a cosmopolitan biomonitor of trace metal bioavailabilities, with an international comparative data set of body metal concentrations. Bioavailabilities of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, V and Zn to A.amphitrite were investigated at 19 sites along the Iranian coast of the understudied Persian Gulf. Commercial and fishing ports showed extremely high Cu bioavailabilities, associated with high Zn bioavailabilities, possibly from antifouling paints and procedures. V availability was raised at one port, perhaps associated with fuel leakage. Cd bioavailabilities were raised at sites near the Strait of Hormuz, perhaps affected by adjacent upwelling off Oman. The As data allow a reinterpretation of the typical range of accumulated As concentrations in A.amphitrite. The Persian Gulf data add a new region to the A.amphitrite database, confirming its importance in assessing the ecotoxicologically significant trace metal contamination of coastal waters across the world.

A. Nasrolahi; B.D. Smith; M. Ehsanpour; M. Afkhami; P.S. Rainbow

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Persian Gulf: their oil, our need  

SciTech Connect

The degree of reliance of the US on Persian Gulf petroleum as well as problems facing Persian Gulf nations are addressed in this report. While US dependency on oil imports from Saudi Arabia is down, Japan and other western allies are very dependent on Saudi oil. The consequences of being deprived of Persian Gulf oil are described. The status and implications of the Iran-Iraq war are discussed in detail. The Arab countries in the region fear attacks on their oil fields by enemies and have developed a regional point defense strategy involving Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. OPEC's role in the area is described. The possibility of US intervention if needed to keep the Strait of Hormuz open and to protect the Gulf states from violence is also addressed. (DMC)

Brossard, E.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments  

SciTech Connect

Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

342

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

343

Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

344

Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominican Republic-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

345

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

346

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

347

Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

348

Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

349

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Jump to: navigation, search Name International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for International Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Resource Type Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.icimod.org/ Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan UN Region Southern Asia, Western Asia References ICIMOD[1] International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) Screenshot "The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, ICIMOD, is a regional knowledge development and learning centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas - Afghanistan,

350

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

351

Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

352

China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

353

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

354

Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficient Cities Initiative Project Database Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Industry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: esmap.org/esmap/node/231 Country: India, South Africa, Colombia, China, United States, Mexico, Pakistan, Egypt, Brazil, New Zealand, Singapore, Japan, Australia UN Region: Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand

355

The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

356

Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

357

Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

358

Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

359

Quantum beat laser as a source of entangled radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum beat laser as a source of entangled radiation Shahid Qamar,1,* Fazal Ghafoor,1 Mark Hillery,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3,4,? 1Center for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Hunter College... of CUNY, 65 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A & M University at Qatar, Education City, P. O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1...

Qamar, Shahid; Ghafoor, Fazal; Hillery, Mark; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

China's Energy Management System Program for Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org Waste Heat Recovery in Cement Market Status 4 5 7 15 24 9 12 24 26 739 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Rest of World Americas Europe Mid East Other Asia Pakistan Thailand Japan India China...MS Implementation guidance for Thermal Power EnMS Implementation guidance for Coke EnMS Implementation guidance Plate Coal Industry M&V guidance on energy performance 2015 EnMS Implementation guidance for Paper EnMS Implementation guidance...

Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Terrorism and Islamism: differences, dynamics and dilemmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper points out the increasing and erroneous conflation of Islamism with terrorism in mass media and policy-oriented conversations. It argues for a nuanced understanding of the differences between the different groups that are broadly categorised as 'Muslim fundamentalists' and suggests instead a finer reading of the context in which the various and vastly different groups operate. Focusing on the Islamists (amongst the various other kinds of Muslim groups) and building upon 13 months of intensive fieldwork in urban Lahore, the paper then attempts to point out the context, potential and limitations of a particular group, the Jama'at-e-Islami Pakistan.

Humeira Iqtidar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Global energy in transition. Environmental aspects of new and renewable sources for development  

SciTech Connect

The Sierra Club's compendium summarizes many of the documents presented at the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, Nairobi, Kenya, August 1981. The summaries give special attention to the environmental benefits of many energy sources - solar, wind, ocean thermal, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass, wood, peat, oil shale, tar sands, and draft animal. The Sierra Club also discusses the policy issues involved in energy planning and development and includes summaries of selected national reports on energy in China, Hungary, Jamaica, Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Sudan, the US and West Germany.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Atom localization and center-of-mass wave-function determination via multiple simultaneous quadrature measurements RID A-5077-2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Max-Planck-Institut f?r Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A&M University... at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 5 December 2006; published 8 May 2007#2; We discuss localization and center-of-mass wave-function measurement of a quantum particle using multiple simultaneous dispersive interactions...

Evers, Joerg; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter RID A-4660-2010 RID B-8901-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;2002#2;. #3;8#4; W. P. Schleich, Quantum Optics in Phase Space #1;Wiley, New York, 2001#2;. #3;9#4; S. M. Tan, D. F. Walls, and M. J. Collett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252 #1;1991#2;. #3;10#4; B. C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6811 #1;1992#2;; B. C. Sanders, K...Entanglement of Gaussian states using a beam splitter Rabia Tahira,1 Manzoor Ikram,1 Hyunchul Nha,2,* and M. Suhail Zubairy1,2,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Texas A&M University...

Tahira, Rabia; Ikram, Manzoor; Nha, Hyunchul; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Russia`s Great Game in a nuclear South Asia  

SciTech Connect

Lost in the noise of Pakistan`s nuclear weapon tests in the western Baluchistan desert on 28 and 30 May was a surprising diplomatic move by Russia. On 23 May, Russia became the first state to express its willingness to recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state, provided that India commits itself to the international nonproliferation regime. Russia`s Ambassador to India, Albert Chernyshev, stated in the days after the Indian but before the Pakistani nuclear tests that ``India proclaimed itself a nuclear weapons power. One now hopes that India will behave as a nuclear weapons power by acting responsibly. Every nuclear weapons state has some rights. But for getting recognition it must have some obligations. Once it is ready to show these obligations by joining the nonproliferation regime, its recognition as a nuclear weapons power will follow.`` Russia`s Great Game in South Asia in pursuit of short-term economic and other interests appears to be a serious obstacle on the path to dealing effectively with the South Asian nuclear crisis. Grave damage to security, stability and nonproliferation has already resulted from India`s and Pakistan`s actions, but the situation does not have to spiral out of control. It is imperative that the international community respond appropriately to this challenge. The international community is at a crossroads and Russia`s actions will be critical. Will it be willing to go beyond the narrow economic and political calculations reflected in its diplomatic posturing, and take actions that will serve its long-term interests by bridging differences with other great powers in order to demonstrate to India that it has not chosen the right path. If Russia decides it can gain from India`s current, perilous path and blocks or otherwise frustrates appropriate responses, the nuclear danger on the subcontinent will escalate and the global regimes to promote nonproliferation and to ban testing will be seriously, perhaps fatally, weakened with unpredictable regional and global effects.

Pilat, J.F.; Taylor, T.T. [International Inst. for Strategic Studies, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

367

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

368

Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

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Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

369

Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Chile-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

370

India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

371

Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

372

Investigating possible wind energy potential to meet the power shortage in Karachi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electricity is always considered as an important ingredient for development of a country. Energy deficit affects the growth rate of the country and causes discomfort to the consumer. The power shortage in Karachi, the largest city and economical hub of Pakistan, is highly hampering the progress of the city. Presently the energy deficit in the city is around 328MW. This paper presents an analytical analysis of incorporation of small residential windmills to reduce the power shortage in Karachi. To estimate the wind energy potential in the city, four years wind data is collected from Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD) at various heights (10m, 30m, 50m, 75m and 100m). The statistical calculations on wind data using SPSS software show that the city has an enormous wind potential available. A case study is also carried to show the effect of incorporation of small residential wind mills in power system. The results shows 1678MWh of energy could be saved if 50% of residential consumers are equipped with small windmills. The paper also discusses the possible resistance in the introduction of small residential windmills in domestic sector. The potential benefits to the utility and consumers are also presented in this paper.

M.M. Aman; G.B. Jasmon; A. Ghufran; A.H.A. Bakar; H. Mokhlis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Wind pumps for irrigating greenhouse crops: Comparison in different socio-economical frameworks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple methodology was used to compare the economic feasibility of wind pump technology, solar photovoltaic pumping, diesel generators, and connection to the electrical grid to provide energy for pumping irrigation water in commercial greenhouses in Spain, Cuba and Pakistan (countries with different developmental backgrounds). The analysis took into account wind resources, distance to the grid, water storage tank volume requirements, and planting dates. Comparisons were made in terms of the levelised cost of energy associated with each system. For all three countries, if a grid connection was already in place, installing wind pumps would be economically unwise. Where no grid connection exists, the distance to the grid and the wind resource available are key factors to be taken into consideration when deciding between options: a 10% increase in the average wind speed is equivalent to a 20% reduction in the distance to the grid in terms of costs return. Finally, the water elevation has a major influence on the economic feasibility of wind pump technology, much more than, for example, on solar photovoltaic pumping technology. The results reveal that, generally, the critical factors to consider when making energy management decisions differ depending between countries. In Spain, the proximity of the electrical grid makes the connection to it the best option. In Pakistan, scarce wind resources are a serious limiting factor. Cuba, however, has good wind resources; water elevation, distance to the grid and water storage needed are the critical factors when determining the economic feasibility of wind pumping there.

Rodrigo Daz-Mndez; Adnan Rasheed; Manuel Peilln; Alicia Perdigones; Ral Snchez; Ana M. Tarquis; Jos L. Garca-Fernndez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia  

SciTech Connect

The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Digest of United States Practice in International Law 2007 | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research » Data Digest of United States Practice in International Law 2007 Dataset Summary Description The Office of the Legal Adviser publishes the annual Digest of United States Practice in International Law to provide the public with a historical record of the views and practice of the Government of the United States in public and private international law. In his introduction to the 2007 Digest, then Legal Adviser John B. Bellinger, III, stated in part: "During 2006 my colleagues and I continued to engage our international partners in intensive discussions about the appropriate legal framework for the detention and treatment of international terrorists. . . . Armed conflicts during the year including those involving Israel, Lebanon, the Palestinian Authority, and Iraq raised other issues related to the law of war. "The United States welcomed the International Committee of the Red Cross' study on the customary international law of the law of war and provided what we believe are constructive initial comments on certain aspects of methodology that raise questions about the study's conclusions. "But these issues were, of course, only one facet of the office's practice during the year. The United States dispatched to Geneva two separate large, senior-level interagency delegations to present and discuss with the UN Committee Against Torture and the Human Rights Committee U.S. implementation of its obligations under the Convention Against Torture and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. . . . "The office continued to play a leading role in the development of U.S. treaty law and practice. . . . "In U.S. courts, the year saw further developments related to the applicability of the Alien Tort Statute, U.S. consular notification obligations under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, and the scope of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, including several Supreme Court decisions on consular notification and immunities. . . ."

376

U.S. LNG Imports from Other Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

377

U.S. LNG Imports from Egypt  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

378

U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

379

U.S. LNG Imports from Peru  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

380

U.S. LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

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381

Q:\ANNUAL00\VENTCHAP.V8\TRANF0~2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Indonesia Indonesia Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad United Arab Emirates Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2000 (Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX NH MA CT RI MD DC VA DC RI MA MA CT (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 841,619 347,992 209,242 169 304,962 798,420 831,256 830,351 45,837 151 653,150 10,768 816,481 35,152 282,834 40,043 256,202 49,761 863,254 843,913 62,609 928,332 633,593 877,598 12,222 601,033 103,335 26,784 726,455 602,691 223,085 218,730 176 1,156,241 1,164,528 791,060 110,787 288,024 75,416 540,836 1,262,272 1,040,767 388,953 353,271 942,313 508,796 1,583,326 2,270,005 9,099 248,708 346,694 1,426,223 71,667 3,595,975 2,912,792 65,610 28,111 1,640,769 949,947 520,856 3,141 1,184,473

382

U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

383

U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Import Volumes Total 234,183 236,690 236,199 236,248 244,966 208,895 1973-2013 Pipeline 228,558 228,644 228,087 227,439 228,016 203,337 1997-2013 Canada 228,544 228,616 227,905 227,274 227,868 203,173 1973-2013 Mexico 14 28 182 164 148 164 1973-2013 LNG 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 5,559 1997-2013 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001-2013 Canada 0 0 88 139 139 79 2013-2013 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999-2013 Nigeria 0 0 0 0 2,590 0 1997-2013 Norway 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 0 2007-2013 Oman

384

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 3,052,073 3,367,545 3,543,966 3,728,537 3,784,978 Mexico.............................. 14,532 54,530 11,601 10,276 1,755 Total Pipeline Imports....... 3,066,605 3,422,075 3,555,567 3,738,814 3,786,733 LNG Algeria .............................. 68,567 75,763 46,947 64,945 26,584 Australia ........................... 11,634 11,904 5,945 2,394 0 Brunei............................... 0 0 0 0 2,401 Indonesia.......................... 0 0 2,760 0 0 Malaysia ........................... 0 2,576 0 0 2,423 Nigeria.............................. 0 0 12,654 37,966 8,123 Oman ............................... 0 0 9,998 12,055 3,013 Qatar ................................ 0 19,697 46,057 22,758 35,081 Trinidad ............................

385

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................ 2,883,277 2,899,152 3,052,073 3,367,545 3,543,966 Mexico............................. 13,862 17,243 14,532 54,530 11,601 Total Pipeline Imports...... 2,897,138 2,916,394 3,066,605 3,422,075 3,555,567 LNG Algeria ............................. 35,325 65,675 68,567 75,763 46,947 Australia .......................... 0 9,686 11,634 11,904 5,945 Indonesia......................... 0 0 0 0 2,760 Malaysia .......................... 0 0 0 2,576 0 Nigeria............................. 0 0 0 0 12,654 Oman .............................. 0 0 0 0 9,998 Qatar ............................... 0 0 0 19,697 46,057 Trinidad ........................... 0 0 0 50,777 98,949 United Arab Emirates ......

386

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

387

U.S. LNG Imports from Qatar  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

388

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

389

U.S. LNG Imports from Yemen  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

390

U.S. Total Exports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

391

U.S. LNG Imports from Indonesia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

392

Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2005 4  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2005 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Algeria Nigeria Qatar Malaysia Oman Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 23.5 0.7 0.1 3.7 3.700 0.439 0.097 0.008 0.003 0.002 0.009 0.305 0.358 0.065 18.1 0.9 3.1 3.1 1.7 4.8 3.1 6.7 0.02 5.9 Egypt 0.073 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Monthly and Annual

393

U.S. LNG Imports from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

394

U.S. LNG Imports from Norway  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

395

U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

396

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WA WA MT ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Mexico Trinidad Canada Canada Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Canada Trinidad Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Malaysia 13,623 Figure 8. Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2003 (Million Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2003 Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 366,224 655,731 666,614 633,960 144,284 43,869 536,776 63,133 36,848

397

U.S. LNG Imports from Australia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

398

U.S. LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

399

TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation 2 WHO IS PERFORMANCE RESULTS CORPORATION? * Incorporated i n A pril 2 000 * SBA C er4fied S mall, W oman---Owned C orpora4on * Kathy C linton O wner a nd P resident * Located a t 6 C anyon R oad, M organtown, W V * Employs o ver 2 30 p ersonnel l ocated a cross 1 6 ci4es a nd 1 3 s tates * 2010 r evenue w as $ 25M, p rojected t o e xceed $30M i n 2 011 * Primary c lients a re t he D OE, D OJ, C DC, a nd A rmy 3 PRC CORE COMPETENCIES Program & P roject Management S upport Technical & E ngineering Support S ervices Informa4on T echnology Support S ervices Facili4es & Administra4ve Support S ervices Strategic P lanning & Management S upport 4 Valued P artner - T etra T ech: * Quality r eputa4on * CommiWed

400

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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401

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions  

SciTech Connect

There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Three-dimensional numerical modeling of thermohaline and wind-driven circulations in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Persian Gulf circulation is investigated with respect to the relevant forcing mechanism including wind stress and thermohaline surface fluxes by using a three-dimensional numerical hydrodynamic model. The model results show a correlation between the strength of the bottom layer outflow of the Persian Gulf and that of the Indian Ocean Surface Water (IOSW) inflow into the Gulf. The inflow of IOSW into the Gulf attain maximum values in MayJune in conjunction with peak bottom outflow through the Hormuz Strait. The results of sensitivity experiment indicate that circulation is dominated by thermohaline flows at almost all parts of the Gulf. The heat fluxes play an essential role on the general circulation of the Persian Gulf. In spring and summer, the wind stress generates southeast-flowing surface currents of magnitude about 5cm/s along the Saudi Arabia and Iranian coasts on the northern Gulf. In winter and autumn, due to weak static stability, the wind produces mesoscale eddies in most parts of the Gulf. In winter and spring the wind stress acts to reinforce the thermohaline circulation of deep outflow. Conversely, in summer and autumn the wind forcing acts in opposition to the thermohaline forcing and causes a bottom inflow from Oman Sea into the Gulf.

F. Hosseinibalam; S. Hassanzadeh; A. Rezaei-Latifi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea  

SciTech Connect

The Akkadian empire ruled Mesopotamia from the headwaters of the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers to the Persian Gulf during the late third millennium B.C. Archeological evidence has shown that this highly developed civilization collapsed abruptly near 4,170 {+-} 150 calendar yr B.P., perhaps related to a shift to more arid conditions. Detailed paleoclimate records to test this assertion from Mesopotamia are rare, but changes in regional aridity are preserved in adjacent ocean basins. The authors document Holocene changes in regional aridity using mineralogic and geochemical analyses of a marine sediment core from the Gulf of Oman, which is directly downwind of Mesopotamian dust source areas and archeological sites. Results document a very abrupt increase in eolian dust and Mesopotamian aridity, accelerator mass spectrometer radiocarbon dates to 4,025 {+-} 125 calendar yr B.P., which persisted for {approximately} 300 yr. Radiogenic (Nd and Sr) isotope analyses confirm that the observed increase in mineral dust was derived from Mesopotamian source areas. Geochemical correlation of volcanic ash shards between the archeological site and marine sediment record establishes a direct temporal link between Mesopotamian aridification and social collapse, implicating a sudden shift to more arid conditions as a key factor contributing to the collapse of the Akkadian empire.

Cullen, H.M.; Menocal, P.B. de; Hemming, S.; Hemming, G.; Brown, F.H.; Guilderson, T.; Sirocko, F.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

An econometric study of the demand for gasoline in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries  

SciTech Connect

Reliable and accurate estimation of price and income elasticities of demand for gasoline are important ingredients for long-run energy planning and policy formation. The purpose of this study is to develop and estimate a model for gasoline demand for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Oatar, Saufi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). The model is capable of producing short-run and long-run price and income elasticities. Since the first oil price hike in 1973, a great deal of attention has been directed toward the demand for gasoline, especially in the industrialized countries. Few studies have been directed toward the demand for gasoline in developing countries. In terms of primary energy consumption, the GCC`s energy needs are met by oil, natural gas, and electricity. Without any doubt, oil is the largest energy source consumed and gasoline is the most important oil product. However, very few studies have been directed toward analyzing GCC energy demand, and yet there has been not attempt to model and estimate GCC gasoline demand. This study attempts to address this gap.

Eltony, M.N.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

After the oil boom: The holiday ends in the gulf  

SciTech Connect

The most unmanageable risk facing American interests in the Persian Gulf is the slow but sure decay of the economic and political structure of the United States` key regional allies. They are the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states: Saudia Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). External threats to these friendly governments and the direct risks to the continued flow of oil has blinded Washington to the end of these countries 20-year holiday from politics and economics. The holiday from economics was characterized by, among other syndromes, the lack of binding budget constraints, which reduced and sometimes even eliminated the need to set spending priorities and allocate scarce economic resources. It is no longer possible to cover up structural weaknesses and policy inconsistencies. All major interest groups, including governments, ruling families, merchant families, and the population at large, are under pressure to earn not only their privileges but their keep. The need for Washington to address these new threats is examined.

Zanoyan, V.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries  

SciTech Connect

Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5,171 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 1997-2013 5,171 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 1997-2013 From Canada 0 0 0 88 139 139 2013-2013 Highgate Springs, VT 88 139 139 2013-2013 From Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 From Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 From Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001-2013 From Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Cameron, LA 2011-2011 Elba Island, GA 2011-2012 Freeport, TX 2011-2011 Gulf LNG, MS 2011-2011 From Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 From Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999-2013 From Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 2,590 1997-2013 Cove Point, MD 2,590 2011-2013 From Norway 0 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 2007-2013 Cove Point, MD 2011-2011 Freeport, TX 2,709 2,918 2013-2013 Sabine Pass, LA 2011-2012 From Oman 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000-2013 From Peru

409

ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy, Water Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Transportation Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/node/1222 Country: United States, Ukraine, India, Germany, China, Pakistan, Japan, Sweden, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Colombia, Brazil, Egypt, Armenia, South Africa, Mexico Cost: Free Northern America, Eastern Europe, Southern Asia, Western Europe, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Northern Europe, South-Eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Australia and New Zealand, South America, South America, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Southern Africa, Central America

410

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from Geospatial Toolkits) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

411

Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Cities Asian Cities Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank, World Bank, United States Agency for International Development Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Website http://www.cleanairnet.org/cai Program Start 2001 Country Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

412

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from GsT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

413

Seventeenth-century Islamic brassmakers were far ahead of European peers,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seventeenth-Century Islamic Brassmakers Were Far Ahead of European Peers, Seventeenth-Century Islamic Brassmakers Were Far Ahead of European Peers, Engineers Say Archaeometallurgists announce findings after four-year study of astrolabes Public release date: 25-May-2005 Contact: Kurt Pfitzer kap4@lehigh.edu 610-758-3017 Lehigh University Manufacturers of brass astrolabes in 17th-century India were two centuries more advanced than their European peers, says a doctoral student at Lehigh University who just completed a four-year study of astrolabes. Photo: A hanging astrolabe at the Jantar Mantar Brian Newbury, who earned a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering in May, said the high zinc content in astrolabes fabricated in Lahore (now in Pakistan) proves that brass made there in the early 1600s was produced by a co-melting technique

414

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

415

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

416

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

417

Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Full report (64.9 mb) Full report (64.9 mb) Overview (2.14 mb) Chapter breakdowns by country: I-III - Canada, Mexico, Australia (15.0 mb) IV-VII - N. South America, Argentina, Brazil, Other S. South America (8.33 mb) VIII-XIII - Poland, Russia, Eastern Europe, United Kingdom, Spain, Northern and Western Europe (13.5 mb) XIV-XIX - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, South Africa (14.3 mb) XX-XXVI - China, Mongolia, Thailand, Indonesia, India/Pakistan, Jordan, Turkey (13.0 mb) Previous Report April 5, 2011 (16.8 mb) Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States Release date: June 10, 2013 Updated: June 13, 2013 Table 5 corrected Executive summary This report provides an initial assessment of shale oil resources and

418

Demilitarization of the Siachen conflict zone : concepts for implementation and monitoring.  

SciTech Connect

Pakistani and Indian militaries have been occupying the Siachen Glacier and surrounding regions for decades. Although a cease-fire is in place, continued occupation carries the risk of an inadvertent conflict, which could escalate into a full-fledged nuclear-backed confrontation. Political and military analysts in Pakistan and India now question the strategic significance of the Siachen Glacier and agree that under the right circumstances, military withdrawal from the Siachen Glacier region would not adversely affect either state. The difficulty lies in conducting the withdrawal in such a way that neither side feels vulnerable, and in maintaining the demilitarization in a way that can be verified. In this paper, the authors who have both held command responsibilities in the Siachen Glacier region present a process for conducting and verifying the demilitarization of the Siachen Glacier region. The authors discuss the role of monitoring and verification tools and their relevance to this border zone of conflict.

Kanwal, Gurmeet (Indian Army); Hakeem, Asad (Pakistan Army); Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Rajen, Gaurav

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Cockpit learning in power distant cockpits: The interaction effect of pilot's interdependence and inclination to teamwork in airline industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cockpit learning is an essential feature of flying profession, but it may be hampered by power distance in the cockpit due to captain/co-pilot subordination. Speaking-up to the captain may be difficult for some co-pilots but not speaking-up resulted in numerous aircraft accidents. This research examines cockpit learning among airline pilots and assumes that power distance reduces cockpit learning whereas pilot's interdependence and pilot's inclination towards teamwork can counter balance it. The study develops a short cockpit-learning-scale and validates it through a stratified sample of 231 pilots chosen from British Airways, Pakistan International Airline and Saudi Arabian Airline. Data analysis indicated a strong negative influence of power distance on cockpit learning, and significant interaction effect of pilot's interdependence and pilot's inclination towards teamwork. Together, the findings suggest that pilot's interdependence and inclination towards teamwork significantly minimize the negative influence of power distance on cockpit learning.

Muhammad Aftab Alam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Deterrence versus Preemption: Assessing U.S. Nuclear Policy  

SciTech Connect

Since coming into office in 2001, the Bush administration has enacted a series of controversial policies designed to create a more robust and more usable nuclear arsenal. From requiring new nuclear strike capabilities (including against non-nuclear countries), to threatening preemptive attacks, to investing billions of dollars in rebuilding the nuclear weapons production complex, the administration is systematically strengthening the role nuclear weapons play in defending the United States and its interests around the world. This presentation examines those policies and the thinking that underlies them. It questions the effectiveness of the administration's approach and explores some of the unintended consequences vis-a-vis U.S. policy toward North Korea, Iraq, Pakistan, and others. Finally, it takes a detailed look at current efforts to develop a new low-yield earth-penetrating nuclear weapon to destroy hardened underground facilities, assessing the feasibility of such a device and the potential effects of its use.

Schwartz, Stephen (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists) [Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oman pakistan palestinian" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References AIT-UNEP RRC.AP[1] Purpose "This document is expected to provide the strategic direction for the pursuit of sustainable development in the SAS. It is important to note that this document addresses the issues at the sub-regional level, building upon national level issues and policies but particularly addressing those transcending and common to the countries in the SAS. It is expected that

422

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Name South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1] Abstract SARI/Energy is at the center of efforts to strengthen public-private sector partnerships and regional economic cooperation. By promoting rational use of regional energy supplies, SARI/Energy contributes to energy security, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and overall improvements in environmental quality and human health in the region.

423

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nigeria Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Trinidad Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2001 (Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX MD DC AL NV NH MA CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 843,213 364,521 207,338 156 422,767 749,260 804,152 58,769 162,707 680,368 19,672 773,589 37,363 303,262 40,473 51,159 820,723 811,585 489,338 862,889 1,004,921 795,903 12,230 556,701 125,126 27,298 635,088 536,127 231,431 192,397 1,492,818 1,476,332 675,443 113,314 514,268 85,387 484,093 1,539,775 1,255,625 278,695 286,393 878,367 418,674 1,693,897 2,231,803 8,452 241,202 287,785 1,441,206 98,786 3,776,499 2,987,632 65,753 48,569 1,523,898 1,125,998 516,441 12,021 1,138,120 993,673 772,640

424

Energy Watchers I  

SciTech Connect

The International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) has undertaken a number of activities involving research, publications, and conferences to meet its stated objective of stimulating knowledge in the fields of energy and economic development. The Shadow OPEC area conference sought to trace and weigh primarily the emergency of those seven countries which, for several years prior to 1989, had been in touch with the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) through special missions. Among the major questions addressed in the sessions were: How do Angola, China, Colombia, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico, and Oman envisage their energy policies within this bloc and within the wider context of possible cooperation with OPEC What will be the impact on other non-OPEC Producers, such as Norway, North Yemen, Canada, the USSR, and certain US states of a closer relationship between OPEC and its shadow group of seven The international energy conference on A Reintegrated Oil Industry was designed to evaluate and assess the trends evident within the oil and gas industry worldwide that include the relatively new arrangements between producer-country firms and other energy companies, largely those in the consuming, importing nations. These arrangements involved stockholding buyouts of downstream facilities, joint ventures, and other approaches. What effect are such developments expected to have on investment, market share, security of supply, exploration, investment, pricing, and even privatization ICEED has selected the title of Energy Watchers for the series under which to publish these proceedings as well as forthcoming conferences. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

El Mallakh, D.H. (ed.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

EIA cites importance of key world shipping routes  

SciTech Connect

A disruption of crude oil or products shipments through any of six world chokepoints would cause a spike in oil prices, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) warns. The strategic importance of each major shipping lane varies because of differing oil volumes and access to other transportation routes. But nearly half of the 66 million b/d of oil consumed worldwide flows through one or more of these key tanker routes, involving: 14 million b/d through the Strait of Hormuz from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea; 7 million b/d through the Strait of Malacca from the northern Indian Ocean into the South China Sea and Pacific Ocean; 1.6 million b/d through the Bosporus from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 900,000 b/d through the Suez Canal from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 600,000 b/d through Rotterdam Harbor from the North Sea to Dutch and German refineries on or near the Rhine River; and 500,000 b/d through the Panama Canal from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea. In today's highly interdependent oil markets, the mere perception of less secure oil supplies is enough to boost oil prices, EIA said. Growing oil and product tanker traffic is increasing the likelihood of supply disruptions through oil arteries because of bad weather, tanker collisions, or acts of piracy, terrorism, or war. What's more, the increasing age of the world tanker fleet and dependability of navigational equipment could increase chances of accidents and, therefore, oil supply disruptions.

Not Available

1994-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Hydrogeological influences on petroleum accumulations in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

The stratigraphic and topographic conditions in the Arabian Gulf are appropriate for the instigation and maintenance of an active hydrodynamic regime. The setting is that of a gentle basin surrounded by topographic highs. The central Arabian highlands to the west-southwest, the Tarus-Zagros mountains to the north, and the Oman mountains to the east rim the structural low occupied by the Gulf. Elevations in these areas reach maximum values of approximately 1000 meters. Paleozoic through Cenozoic strata stretch continuously across the basin, are relatively unfaulted, and outcrop in the topographic highs. Such a setting is propitious for a regional hydrodynamic system with meteoric recharge in the topographic highs and discharge in the middle of the Gulf. The prolific oil and gas accumulations of this region would be subject to influence by these hydrodynamic processes. The existence of such a hydrodynamic regime is documented by a variety of evidence, including potentiometric data, water salinity measurements, and observed tilts in oil-water contacts. Potentiometric data for several Tertiary and Cretaceous units on the Arabian platform, in the Gulf, and in Iraq show a pattern of consistently decreasing potential from topographic highs to lows. Water salinities show a consistent, but inverse, variation with the potentiometric data. Tilted oil-water contacts in Cretaceous and Jurassic reservoirs are observed in several fields of the Gulf region. The direction and magnitude of the observed tilts are consistent with the water potential and salinity data, and suggest that petroleum accumulations are being influenced by a regional hydrodynamic drive. Basin modelling is used to simulate petroleum generation and migration scenarios, and to integrate these histories with the structural evolution of the Gulf. The integrated modelling study illustrates the influence of hydrodynamic processes on the distribution of petroleum accumulations.

Vizgirda, J.; Burke, L. [Mobil New Business Development, Dallas TX (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capacitor and Current Capacitor and Current Name: Hadia Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Pakistan Date: Spring 2012 Question: How exactly can current pass through a capacitor? Be it A.C or D.C. Even if we consider the general logic that current 'flows through' a capacitor as it charges and discharges via A.C, then in what does the discharged current flow. If it flows through, shouldn't power be dissipated. And if it flows back and what is the use of a capacitor? Even if you say, it flows through, how would you explain it in terms of individual charges? Replies: Hadia, Your question is a natural one because it appears that current flows "through" a capacitor. Indeed, we treat capacitors as though they are resistors in which individual electrons enter on one terminal and exit through the other. A capacitor operates differently. The word "capacitor" implies a device that has "capacity," or a device that has the capability to store a certain amount of charge, somewhat like a "charge bucket." In fact, the formula for capacitance, Q=CV, implies just this storage: The charge stored by a capacitor (Q measured in Coulombs) is given by its capacitance (C measured in Farads) multiplied by the voltage applied to the capacitor (V measured in Volts). Current does not flow through the capacitor as much as into the plates of the capacitor, i.e., into its "charge bucket."

428

General Category  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Body Buffer Action Body Buffer Action Name: Sitwat Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Pakistan Date: Spring 2012 Question: If we eat or drink something that is acidic in nature,then to neutralize its effect can we eat or drink that is basic in nature? what will be its effect on humans and animals? I know it is a thing for which an experiment is necessary only then we can conclude some idea but what does your mind say about this? In this case, will base and acid react to form salt and water in an organism's body? this rises one more question that if this reaction occurs, the salt concentration may also increase in the body, will it be suitable for that organism... Replies: Hi Sitwat, What you propose does in fact happen. When temporary acidic buildup occurs in the stomach, the person feels "heartburn". They remedy that by taking antacids, usually a calcium containing weak base. The result is formation of a salt and water. Heartburn goes away, humans tolerate this very well.

429

Evaluation of energy system analysis techniques for identifying underground facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a study to determine the feasibility and potential usefulness of applying energy system analysis techniques to help detect and characterize underground facilities that could be used for clandestine activities. Four off-the-shelf energy system modeling tools were considered: (1) ENPEP (Energy and Power Evaluation Program) - a total energy system supply/demand model, (2) ICARUS (Investigation of Costs and Reliability in Utility Systems) - an electric utility system dispatching (or production cost and reliability) model, (3) SMN (Spot Market Network) - an aggregate electric power transmission network model, and (4) PECO/LF (Philadelphia Electric Company/Load Flow) - a detailed electricity load flow model. For the purposes of most of this work, underground facilities were assumed to consume about 500 kW to 3 MW of electricity. For some of the work, facilities as large as 10-20 MW were considered. The analysis of each model was conducted in three stages: data evaluation, base-case analysis, and comparative case analysis. For ENPEP and ICARUS, open source data from Pakistan were used for the evaluations. For SMN and PECO/LF, the country data were not readily available, so data for the state of Arizona were used to test the general concept.

VanKuiken, J.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; Portante, E.C. [and others

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A practical profile of integrated safety assessment of near-surface disposal of radwaste at  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Near-surface or shallow land disposal of radioactive waste has been the primary practice at the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH). The adopted choice of this mode of disposal has been based on a study of the site and the quality and quantity of waste generated at the 5MW reactor with HEU fuel. Specific measures regarding the radiation safety of the workers and environmental protection have been adopted. The waste disposal operations are conducted to meet local regulatory requirements, IAEA recommendations and internationally endorsed principles such as ALARA (as low as reasonably achievableeconomic, social and other relevant factors being considered). The data obtained through the years of operational and management experience have manifested the robustness of the disposal system and reliability of the disposal criterion, and have also served to further refine the latter. Consequently, confidence in the current shallow-land-burial practices has increased. Radiological safety of these practices has been assessed by addressing different aspects of the safety and disposal system. These parameters, as indices of a non-exclusive and operational safety model, are presented.

F Jan; S S Ahmad; S M Hasany; M Aslam

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Tecno-economic assessment of an off-grid PV-powered community kitchen for developing regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, around 1.44 billion people have still no access to electricity, most of them living in rural areas in South and Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The major residential energy consumption in these regions is for cooking. This energy demand is covered by firewood, agricultural residues and/or animal dung, implying often exhausting work for the collection and causing deforestation. Solar thermal cooking systems have been developed and promoted, although their success has been limited. This paper follows another solar cooking approach by evaluating the option of combining an off-grid PV system (PV generator+battery) with very low demand electric cooking appliances. The PV-battery system to supply the load demand for the electric cooking appliances for communities of 50 persons has been calculated. Thereby, the five countries with the highest population without access to electricity have been taken into account: India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria. The levelized energy cost is around 3 c per meal or less and the life cycle emissions of the PV-battery system (manufacturing, transport and decommissioning) are around 7 gCO2 per meal.

Rodolfo Dufo-Lpez; Ghassan Zubi; Gian Vincenzo Fracastoro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries  

SciTech Connect

In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Little study sees large growth in Asian natural gas market  

SciTech Connect

Power capacity additions in Asia will at least triple by 2010, and Arthur D. Little Inc. predicts natural gas can pick up a good 15 percent of that market. The study predicts Asia potentially will need 720 gigawatts of new power generation by 2010, of which 15 percent may be gas-based. This represents a market three times the size of the US market in the same period, and would require more than $1 trillion in investment to finance the power generation projects alone. Six forces are driving new market opportunities for natural gas in Asia, and have set the stage for major investments in Asian gas-based power generation. They are: New technologies; growing environmental pressures; privatization; alternative energy pricing; gas availability; and continued economic growth. Japan, South Korea and Taiwan already have large, well-established markets for both gas and power that provide minimal opportunities for foreign investment. But the rest of Asia - specifically, India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Thailand, Bangladesh and Myanmar - is still relatively undeveloped, the study said, and gas is emerging as an energy import substitute or export earner. The study found those countries will turn increased environmental awareness and concern into legislation as their economic prosperity grows, leading to a higher future value for natural gas relative to other fuels. Stricter emissions standards will favor gas over diesel, fuel oil and coal.

O'Driscoll, M.

1993-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

435

Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987  

SciTech Connect

Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

Not Available

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

International energy outlook. Volume 1. Mideast, Far East, and Africa  

SciTech Connect

The developing nations of the Mideast, Far East, and Africa face a bleaker - and more-complicated - energy picture than that of the West. Rapid industrial and agricultural expansion in the region severely drains already-inadequate energy systems. Energy-importing countries find they must diversify and develop indigenous resources, but often lack the technical known-how to do so. Volume 1 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the way 22 countries in the Mideast, Far East, and Africa are responding to the energy problems. The countries covered are: Algeria, Australia, Burma, China, Egypt, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Mozambique, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan, Taiwan, Tunisia and Turkey. The range and detail of country reports vary, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy development plans. Some of the countries in this region are fortunate to have petrochemical resources, while electric energy expansion is crucial to national development in all. Coal will be filling the gap left by diminishing oil supplies. 61 tables.

Jablonski, D.M. (ed.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Avian feathers as a non-destructive bio-monitoring tool of trace metals signatures: A case study from severely contaminated areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The concentrations of trace metals were assessed using feathers of cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis), collected within two industrial areas of Pakistan, Lahore and Sialkot. We found, in order of descending concentration: Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu), Cadmium (Cd), and Manganese (Mn), Chromium (Cr), Arsenic (As), and Lithium (Li), without any significant difference (except Fe, Zn, and Ni) between the two areas. The concentrations of trace metals, we recorded were among the highest ever reported in the feathers of avian species worldwide. The concentrations of Cr, Pb, Cd were above the threshold that affects bird reproductive success. The high contamination by heavy metals in the two areas is due to anthropogenic activities as well to natural ones (for As and Fe). The bioaccumulation ratios in eggs and feathers of the cattle egret, their prey, and the sediments from their foraging habitats, confirmed that avian feathers are a convenient and non-destructive sampling tool for the metal contamination. The results of this study will contribute to the environmental management of the Lahore and Sialkot industrial areas.

Muhammad Abdullah; Mauro Fasola; Ashiq Muhammad; Salman Ahmad Malik; Nazish Bostan; Habib Bokhari; Muhammad Aqeel Kamran; Mustafa Nawaz Shafqat; Ambreen Alamdar; Mudassar Khan; Nadeem Ali; Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare  

SciTech Connect

The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever infections reported by ProMED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryObjective There are limited sources describing the global burden of emerging diseases. We reviewed the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) infections reported by ProMED and assessed the reliability of the data retrieved compared to published reports. We evaluated the effectiveness of ProMED as a source of epidemiological data by focusing on CCHFV infections. Methods Using the keywords Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and Crimean Congo in the ProMED search engine, we reviewed all the information about the news and harvested data using a structured form, including year, country, gender, occupation, the number of infected individuals, and the number of fatal cases. Results We identified 383 entries reported between January 1998 and October 2013. A total 3426 infected cases were reported, with 451 fatal cases, giving an overall case fatality rate (CFR) of 13%. Out of 144 cases for which the gender was reported, 97 (67%) were male. Most of the cases were reported from Turkey, followed by Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Conclusions Case reporting systems such as ProMED are useful to gather information and synthesize knowledge on the emerging infections. Although certain areas need to be improved, ProMED provided good information about Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Yavuz Ince; Cagla Yasa; Mert Metin; Melda Sonmez; Ece Meram; Barlas Benkli; Onder Ergonul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Genetic diversity of Pakistani guava (Psidium guajava L.) germplasm and its implications for conservation and breeding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cultivated guava (Psidium guajava L.) is an important commercial fruit crop. One hundred and thirty two accessions were collected from 12 regions in Pakistan for study of genetic diversity. A total of 33 traits (18 qualitative and 15 quantitative) enabled an assessment of the genetic variability and structure of this guava germplasm. The measured traits of fruit acidity, fruit diameter, seed weight, non-reducing sugars, thickness of outer flesh, number of seeds, fruit sweetness, longitudinal grooves, leaf twisting, fruit skin color, fruit shape at the stalk, longitudinal ridges, and flesh color were found highly variable. Many of these traits are of significant economic importance and could be used as breeding targets to increase fruit yield and fruit quality. There were strong positive correlations detected among the 15 quantitative traits related to fruit yield and fruit quality. These included fruit length and diameter, fruit weight and diameter, length and width of the leaf blade, number of seeds and seed weight, fruit weight and diameter of the fruit cavity, and seed weight and fruit weight. On the other hand, there were some negative correlations among the 18 qualitative traits studied. The 2D PCA plot successfully grouped the samples according to their phenotypic resemblance and morphological characteristics. The morphological dendrogram generated from agglomeration hierarchical clustering (AHC) grouped the 132 accessions into 3 major clusters.

Asim Mehmood; Muhammad Jafar Jaskani; Iqrar A. Khan; Saeed Ahmad; Rashid Ahmad; Shuming Luo; Nabil M. Ahmad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nuclear relations in South Asia  

SciTech Connect

The strategic landscape of South Asia changed dramatically in 1998. With the reciprocal testing of nuclear weapons, India and Pakistan emerged from the world of threshold status to an overt posture which has yet to be fully defined. Each claims the status of a nuclear weapon state, yet the contours of that status are unclear. A number of important strategic issues have been raised by these dramatic events. This paper will attempt to examine the implications of this new posture for each country and for the region. First and foremost, the decisions to test nuclear weapons are a product of each individual state making a sovereign decision about its national security needs. Both have made clear for a number of years that their attitudes toward nuclear weapons-and by default, toward nuclear nonproliferation-will not be directed by outsiders. They have rejected the global norms that oppose the further proliferation of nuclear weapons, embodied in the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and that embrace the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons, captured in Article VI of that treaty. The decisions reached in New Delhi and lslamabad have been questioned by many, but the tests cannot be undone and it now falls on both countries to make further decisions about what strategies will best serve them, and what obligations they must now assume. Issues such as strategic planning, weaponization, deployment, and command and control, which heretofore were relegated to the back burner, may no longer be deferred.

Joeck, N.

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

444

Nuclear proliferation: The diplomatic role of non-weaponized programs  

SciTech Connect

The end of the Cold War has not seen the end of reliance on nuclear weapons for deterrence or diplomacy purposes. The use of nuclear weapons for such purposes is as evident in the threshold states as in the nuclear powers. The nuclear weapon states used their nuclear weapons for deterrence, bargaining, and blackmail, even during the early years of the Cold War when the US was essentially non-Weaponized. In the nuclear non-Weaponized states in Asia a non-Weaponized deterrent relationship is developing between India and Pakistan and North Korea has used its nuclear program to restore diplomatic relations with the international community. The role of nuclear weapons in the post Cold War world is determined by the role of non-Weaponized programs in proliferating states. This paper describes examples in South Asia and the Korean peninsula and show that while an increased reliance on nuclear weapons programs may be a threat to the current non-proliferation regime, the focus on non-Weaponized programs rather than on weapons themselves actually improves international security by reducing the threat of nuclear war.

Reynolds, R.R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Chapter 12 - Global Food and Nutrition: World Food, Health and the Environment: Practical Applications for Nutrition, Food Science and Culinary Professionals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter examines global cuisines that influence foods and beverages, nutrition, and health, including African-American, Asian, Hispanic and Mediterranean, and other influential cuisines like Cajun, Caribbean, Eastern Indian European and Native American. It includes African-American foods, celebrations, nutrition and health disparities, soul food, Cajun and Creole cuisines, diet planning, recipe modifications, and the African Diet Pyramid. Then there is the Mediterranean diet history, nutrition and health, covering Mediterranean cuisine, diet planning, recipe adjustments, and the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid; Hispanic nutrition and health; traditional Cuban, Mexican-American and Puerto Rican diets and cuisines; recipe and meal modifications; and the Latin American Diet Pyramid. Next it examines traditional Asian diets, nutrition and health, including East Asian (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese), South Asian (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), and Southeast Asian (Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) cuisines; micronutrient deficiencies; diet modernization, and the Asian Diet Pyramid. The chapter also discusses ethnic cooking and baking equipment, fusion cooking (Pan-Asian, Tex-Mex and California cuisines), the China Project, and food security and insecurity. Keywords bamboo steamer; cast-iron cookware; Chinese tea culture; crock pot; food deserts, food security, fusion cooking; globalization; Mediterranean diet; retro-acculturation; rice cooker; scratch cooking; slow cooker; tagine; Tex-Mex cuisine

Jacqueline B. Marcus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

U.S. Total Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

447

U.S. LNG Imports from Indonesia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

448

U.S. LNG Imports from Brunei  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

449

U.S. LNG Imports from Egypt  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

450

U.S. LNG Imports from Canada  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

451

U.S. LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

452

U.S. LNG Imports from Peru  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

453

U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

454

U.S. LNG Imports from Australia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

455

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

456

U.S. LNG Imports from Yemen  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

457

U.S. LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

458

U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

459

U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

460

Managing Proliferation Issues with Iran  

SciTech Connect

Any government in Tehran will be inclined to seek weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missile delivery options given the realities of its strategic environment. These weapons might help Iran to deter potential external threats, to achieve equality with other major regional powers armed with WMD, and to attain self-reliance in national security, given the isolating experience of arms embargoes. A more pluralist leadership in the future, however, may examine broader choices and trade-offs, and perhaps be less likely to cross key thresholds in WMD acquisition. In any event, Iran's WMD behavior is likely to be determined by both external factors, mainly the availability of crucial components, and internal factors, including calculations of costs, risks, and benefits. Among the benefits, psychological factors, such as prestige, will play an important role. Other important factors that might well shape Iran's WMD behavior include developments in Iraq, relations with the United States and other Gulf states, Israeli-Palestinian relations and the future price of oil. This paper offers recommendations on how the United States can best hope to influence Iranian decisions regarding the acquisition of WMD and missile delivery systems if the United States decides to pursue more direct engagement with Tehran. An engagement-nonproliferation strategy should involve at least three types of parallel efforts: public, private and indirect. Public efforts should seek to create a more positive, less-threatening image of the United States among opinion leaders in Iran. Private efforts should seek to determine the purposes, nature and extent of Iran's efforts to develop WMD and missiles and to suggest better alternatives for Iran's security and prestige needs. Indirect efforts should involve key third countries and organizations in an attempt both to address Iran's security concerns and to deny Iran access to critical WMD and missile technology and components. Russian policy, in particular, will continue to play a vital role in determining the extent to which Iran is able to pursue WMD options. Without a fundamental change in the regional security environment, however, there is little reason to expect changes in Iranian WMD and missile policies, and the United States, acting alone and short of war, cannot prevent Iran from ultimately developing WMD and delivery systems. Furthermore, U.S. policies that take a tougher line with Russia, China and North Korea are not likely to lead to more restraint among these potential sources of WMD and missile technology. In the absence of engagement with Iran, unilateral U.S. economic sanctions will remain the principal, if flawed, U.S. policy tool for seeking to prevent Iran from acquiring WMD. The rationale is that by discouraging trade and investment, particularly in Iran's energy sector, the government of Iran will have less revenue to pursue proliferation. Without broad international support for economic isolation, however, such an effort may hinder Iran's WMD programs, though it cannot block them. Finally, options are needed to deal with major failures in nonproliferation efforts. These options include measures to deter Iranian use of WMD, to defend against their use if deterrence fails, and to destroy Iranian WMD capabilities should the need arise.

Nelson, C. Richard; Saltiel, David H.

2002-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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461

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect

The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace  

SciTech Connect

Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Comparative study of energy saving light sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Techno-economic performance comparison of compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) with light emitting diodes (LED), electrode less fluorescent lamps (EEFL), fluorescent tubes, incandescent bulbs, photovoltaic (PV) and fiber optic lighting systems was carried out in view of worsening power and energy crisis in Pakistan. Literature survey showed 23W CFL, 21W EEFL, 18W fluorescent tube or 15W LED lamps emit almost same quantity of luminous flux (lumens) as a standard 100W incandescent lamp. All inclusive, operational costs of LED lamps were found 1.21, 1.62. 1.69, 6.46, 19.90 and 21.04 times lesser than fluorescent tubes, CFL, EEFL, incandescent bulbs, fiber optic solar lighting and PV systems, respectively. However, tubes, LED, CFL and EEFL lamps worsen electric power quality of low voltage networks due to high current harmonic distortions (THD) and poor power factors (PF). Fluorescent lamps emit UV and pollute environment by mercury and phosphors when broken or at end of their life cycle. Energy consumption, bio-effects, and environmental concerns prefer LED lamps over phosphor based lamps but power quality considerations prefer EEFL. CFL and EEFL manufacturers claim operating temperatures in range of ?20CLED lamps may be five to ten times higher that high THD and low PF lamps. Choice of a lamp depends upon its current THD, PF, life span, energy consumption, efficiency, efficacy, color rendering index (CRI) and associated physical effects. This work proposes manufacturing and user level innovations to get rid of low PF problems. Keeping in view downside of phosphor based lamps our research concludes widespread adoption of LED lamps. Government and commercial buildings may consider full spectrum hybrid thermal photovoltaic and solar fiber optic illumination systems.

N. Khan; N. Abas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Does financial development contribute to SAARC?S energy demand? From energy crisis to energy reforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract SAARC members urgently need to secure sustainable energy supplies at affordable prices. Alarmingly high oil prices in the face of ever increasing energy demand have resulted in severe pressure on resources of SAARC members. The objective of this study examine the relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, relative prices of energy, FDI and different financial development indicators (i.e., broad money supply, liquid liabilities, domestic credit provided by banking sector and domestic credit to private sector) in the panel of selected SAARC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka over a period of 19752011. Panel cointegration test suggest that the variables are cointegrated and have a long-run relationship between them. In addition, three different panel data methods i.e. pooled least square, fixed effects and random effects have been used to test the validity of the energy-growth nexus via financial development in the SAARC region. Specification tests (i.e., F-test and Hausman test) indicate that the fixed effect model considered as the best model to examine the relationship between energy and growth determinants, this implies that variables are apparently influenced by country effects only. The fixed effect model shows that there is a significant relationship among energy consumption, economic growth, FDI and financial development (FD) proxies, however, FD indicators has a larger impact on increasing energy demand, followed by GDP per capita and FDI. Therefore, it is concluded that there is a trade-off between the energy and growth variables in SAARC region, collective efforts is required to transform SAARC region from an energy-starved to an energy efficient region.

Arif Alam; Ihtisham Abdul Malik; Alias Bin Abdullah; Asmadi Hassan; Faridullah; Usama Awan; Ghulam Ali; Khalid Zaman; Imran Naseem

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Middle East fuel supply & gas exports for power generation  

SciTech Connect

The Middle East countries that border on, or are near, the Persian Gulf hold over 65% of the world`s estimated proven crude oil reserves and 32% of the world`s estimated proven natural gas reserves. In fact, approximately 5% of the world`s total proven gas reserves are located in Qatar`s offshore North Field. This large natural gas/condensate field is currently under development to supply three LNG export projects, as well as a sub-sea pipeline proposal to export gas to Pakistan. The Middle East will continue to be a major source of crude oil and oil products to world petroleum markets, including fuel for existing and future base load, intermediate cycling and peaking electric generation plants. In addition, as the Persian Gulf countries turn their attention to exploiting their natural gas resources, the fast-growing need for electricity in the Asia-Pacific and east Africa areas offers a potential market for both pipeline and LNG export opportunities to fuel high efficiency, gas-fired combustion turbine power plants. Mr. Mitchell`s portion of this paper will discuss the background, status and timing of several Middle Eastern gas export projects that have been proposed. These large gas export projects are difficult and costly to develop and finance. Consequently, any IPP developers that are considering gas-fired projects which require Mid-East LNG as a fuel source, should understand the numerous sources and timing to securing project debt, loan terms and conditions, and, restrictions/credit rating issues associated with securing financing for these gas export projects. Mr. Newendorp`s section of the paper will cover the financing aspects of these projects, providing IPP developers with additional considerations in selecting the primary fuel supply for an Asian-Pacific or east African electric generation project.

Mitchell, G.K. [Merrimack Energy Co., LTD, Lowell, MA (United States); Newendorp, T. [Taylor-DeJongh, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Investigating phenotypic structures and allelochemical compounds of the fruits of Momordica charantia L. genotypes as sources of resistance against Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant resistance is an important component of integrated management of the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) owing to difficulties associated with its chemical control. Various biophysical traits including fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit toughness, number of the longitudinal ribs, height of the longitudinal ribs, number of small ridges, depth of small ridges and pericarp thickness, and biochemical traits including total chlorophyll, pH, tannin, flavanol, phenol, ash and silica contents of fruit were studied on six genotypes of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) in relation to resistance against B. cucurbitae under field conditions in Pakistan. Faisalabad-long and Col-II were the most resistant whereas Chaman and Col-Vehari were the most susceptible among the tested genotypes. Fruit length, fruit diameter, number of the longitudinal ribs and number of small ridges had significant positive correlations whereas fruit toughness, depth of small ridges, height of the longitudinal ribs and pericarp thickness had significant negative correlations with the percent fruit infestation and larval density. Maximum variation in fruit infestation and larval density was explained by fruit toughness (63.4 and 49.2% respectively) followed by fruit diameter (23.2 and 22.4% respectively) and number of the longitudinal ribs (8.2 and 11.6% respectively) whereas the remainder of the physical traits explained <2.0% variation in fruit infestation. Total chlorophyll and pH were lowest in resistant and highest in susceptible genotypes whereas tannin, flavanol, phenol, ash and silica contents were highest in resistant and lowest in susceptible genotypes. Tannin and flavanol contents explained 96.5% of the total variation in fruit infestation and 97.7% of the total variation in larval density whereas rest of the biochemical traits explained <0.2% variation in fruit infestation.

M.D. Gogi; M. Ashfaq; M.J. Arif; R.M. Sarfraz; N.N. Nawab

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Performance of late sown wheat crop under different planting geometries and irrigation regimes in arid climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proper orientation of plants in the field and management of soil moisture for appropriate utilization of land, water and environmental resources plays a significant role in the optimum development and functioning of vital plant organs. A two factor field experiment was conducted for two consecutive crop growth seasons viz. 200607 and 200708 at Research and Demonstration Farm, Regional Agricultural Economic Development Centre (RAEDC), Vehari, Pakistan to make a comparison of four different planting geometries viz. planting in 22cm apart rows under conventional, minimum and zero tillage, respectively and planting in 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system. Wheat cultivar, Inqlab-91 was planted late in December. Crop was subjected to five irrigation levels in which irrigation was applied equivalent to 120%, 100%, 80%, 60% or 40% of ETo. Lower soil bulk density and penetration resistances at 1020cm soil depth were recorded with conventional tillage with either narrow or wider row spacing as compared to other planting geometries. The maximum values for LAI, LAD, TDM, productive tillers (m?2), 1000-grain weight and grain yield were recorded with planting geometry having 11cm apart rows under conventional tillage system along with irrigation level of 120% \\{ETo\\} that remained statistically at par with the same planting geometry subjected to the irrigation regime of 100% ETo. This planting geometry also resulted in minimum weed fresh biomass. It is concluded that late planted wheat crop planted in 11cm wide rows under conventional tillage irrigated @ 100% \\{ETo\\} may serve as an appropriate technology for enhancing the wheat productivity of late sown wheat crop under limited water supplies.

Hakoomat Ali; Nadeem Iqbal; Shakeel Ahmad; Ahmad Naeem Shahzad; Naeem Sarwar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

LNG2004_4thQtra.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Origin Origin 2/3/2005 (Bcf) 2004 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Algeria 7.2 8.1 10.9 8.0 5.4 15.6 10.8 21.8 7.4 8.4 2.8 14.0 120.4 Australia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 2.9 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 14.9 Malaysia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.0 11.3 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 Nigeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 2.9 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 3.0 11.8 Oman 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.4 Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 3.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 11.9 Spain (Storage) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 Trinidad 43.2 40.9 38.1 35.1 36.0 34.2 37.9 37.7 40.7 36.4 38.4 43.5 462.1 TOTAL 53.4 49.0 49.0 46.0 53.2 57.2 75.1 59.5 57.0 47.8 41.2 63.6 652.0 LNG Imports by Receiving Terminal (Bcf) 2004 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Cove Point, MD 16.2 19.8 16.0 16.1 16.4 14.2 17.6 18.4 20.1 13.6 17.5 23.3 209.2 Elba Island, GA 7.8 7.9 5.3 7.9 7.9 9.7 9.2 10.5 10.2 10.4 7.8 10.7 105.3

470

LNG 2006.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Algeria 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 0.0 2.8 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.4 Malaysia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Nigeria 3.0 3.1 0.0 6.0 3.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.0 9.0 5.7 3.1 57.3 Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Trinidad 30.5 27.6 30.2 36.4 44.3 38.6 33.4 37.0 25.2 24.7 24.6 36.7 389.3 Egypt 3.0 5.3 0.0 13.6 19.8 14.3 15.0 8.9 8.8 2.6 16.9 11.4 119.5 Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 TOTAL 39.5 38.7 33.2 58.8 67.3 61.7 57.6 52.1 40.0 36.2 47.2 51.2 583.5 LNG Imports by Receiving Terminal (Bcf) 2006 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Cove Point, MD 11.9 11.0 8.9 14.4 11.6 14.6 12.0 11.8 5.4 3.0 3.0 9.0 116.6 Elba Island, GA 7.9 7.9 7.9 13.4 13.7 13.8 13.6 16.8 13.9 10.4 13.5 14.0 146.8 Everett, MA 16.6 16.8 16.4 13.9 16.6 13.6 14.3 14.2 9.1 13.9 14.0 16.6 176.1 Lake Charles, LA 3.0 3.1

471

LNG 2005.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Algeria 6.0 11.3 2.8 9.0 11.4 12.0 6.0 3.2 6.0 11.8 9.0 8.6 97.2 Malaysia 3.0 0.0 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.0 0.0 8.7 Nigeria 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 8.1 Oman 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 Trinidad 43.7 39.2 40.4 35.7 41.2 41.5 41.2 26.8 34.8 33.2 30.1 31.4 439.2 Egypt 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.0 2.9 5.9 11.1 11.0 8.5 18.9 11.3 72.5 Qatar 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 TOTAL 57.8 53.5 45.9 47.6 52.6 56.4 53.1 43.6 51.8 59.6 58.0 51.3 631.3 LNG Imports by Receiving Terminal (Bcf) 2005 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec TOTAL Cove Point, MD 18.3 20.6 18.7 17.1 23.5 20.7 20.4 8.3 17.3 17.6 18.8 20.5 221.7 Elba Island, GA 7.9 10.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 13.3 13.1 11.1 15.6 13.6 12.5 10.7 132.1 Everett, MA 18.0 13.8 16.7 13.6 12.8 13.4 13.6 13.3 10.4 16.5 12.3 14.3 168.5 Lake Charles, LA 13.7

472

Predicting the impact of climate change on regional and seasonal abundance of the mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) using temperature-driven phenology model linked to GIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a highly invasive and polyphagous pest of global incidence. The fundamental hypothesis of the present study was that the temperature variations due to global climate change may affect seriously the future distribution and abundance of P. solenopsis, which might further aggravate the crop yield losses. We employed a temperature-based phenology model of P. solenopsis in a geographic information system for mapping population growth potentials of P. solenopsis. The three risk indices viz., establishment risk index, generation index and activity index were computed using interpolated temperature data from worldclim database for current (2000) and future (2050) climatic conditions. The daily minimum and maximum temperature data from four selected weather stations in India were used for analysing within-year variation of pest population. A linear relationship was established between the activity indices and yield losses at various locations reported in literatures for predicting the future trend of yield loss due to climate change. The results revealed that, under current temperature conditions P. solenopsis can complete >4.0 generations per year on ?80% of the global cotton production areas. Economic losses are likely to occur in areas where at least 8.0 generations can develop in a year; under current climate ?40% areas fall under this category. The increased geographical suitability at higher latitudes in cotton production areas, additional 2.0 generations per year, and 4.0 fold increase of population abundance of P. solenopsis are expected in tropical and sub-tropical cotton areas of Brazil, South Africa, Pakistan and India due to predicted climate change. Analysis of within year population increase at various selected locations in India revealed that, P. solenopsis attained maximum potential population increase during the major cotton growing season (MayJune to OctoberNovember). On the other hand, the innate ability of P. solenopsis population to increase reduced considerably during off season and cooler winter months. The increased pest activity of P. solenopsis due to climate change may intensify the losses in cotton yield, with forecasted losses in India to increase from existing losses of million US$ 1217.10 to future losses of million US$ 1764.85 by the year 2050. Here, we illustrate the possible impact of climate change on future P. solenopsis exacerbation based on temperature-driven population studies, which will help in undertaking agro-ecoregion specific management strategies.

Babasaheb B. Fand; Henri E.Z. Tonnang; Mahesh Kumar; Santanu K. Bal; Naveen P. Singh; D.V.K.N. Rao; Ankush L. Kamble; Dhananjay D. Nangare; Paramjit S. Minhas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Selection, mechanism, cross resistance and stability of spinosad resistance in Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Spodoptera litura is one of the most destructive pests in Pakistan and in many other regions of the world. A field collected population of S.litura was selected with spinosad for eleven generations under controlled laboratory conditions to study the cross resistance, mechanism and stability of spinosad resistance in S.litura. The resistance to spinosad in S.litura increased 3921-fold (after eleven generations of selection with spinosad) as compared to a susceptible population of S.litura. No cross resistance between spinosad and emamectin benzoate, methoxyfenozide, fipronil, indoxacarb, profenofos, lufenuron or deltamethrin was found in the spinosad-selected population of S.litura. To find the possible mechanism of spinosad resistance in S.litura two synergists, Piperonyl butoxide (PBO), S, S, S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF) were tested on the susceptible and resistant strains and on the un-selected field population. The values of the synergism ratios of PBO and DEF were 2.33 and 1.06 for the spinosad-selected strain, 1.36 and 1.06 for the un-selected field population and 1.14 and 1.00 for the susceptible strain, respectively. As high PBO ratio indicates the role of microsomal O-demethylase in causing spinosad resistance in S.litura. The spinosad-resistant and field populations of S.litura were reared without any selection pressure from the 12th to the 16th generation (G12G16). The spinosad resistance decreased from 3921 to 678-fold in the spinosad-resistant population and from 31.1 to 15.1-fold in the un-selected population of S.litura as compared to the susceptible strain. Spinosad resistance in S.litura has a high reversion rate (?0.15) which indicates that spinosad resistance in S.litura is unstable and can be easily managed by switching off the selection pressure for a few generations or alternating with insecticides having different modes of action.

Adeel Rehan; Shoaib Freed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)  

SciTech Connect

A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ian MacDonald

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Model-Based Calculations of the Probability of a Country's Nuclear Proliferation Decisions  

SciTech Connect

The first nuclear weapon was detonated in August 1945 over Japan to end World War II. During the past six decades, the majority of the world's countries have abstained from acquiring nuclear weapons. However, a number of countries have explored the nuclear weapons option, 23 in all. Among them, 14 countries have dropped their interest in nuclear weapons after initiating some efforts. And nine of them today possess nuclear weapons. These countries include the five nuclear weapons states - U.S., Russia, U.K., France, and China - and the four non- NPT member states - Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. Many of these countries initially used civilian nuclear power technology development as a basis or cover for their military program. Recent proliferation incidents in Iraq, Iran, and North Korea brought the world together to pay much attention to nuclear nonproliferation. With the expected surge in the use of nuclear energy for power generation by developing countries, the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime needs to be better prepared for potential future challenges. For the world's nuclear nonproliferation regime to effectively cope with any future proliferation attempts, early detection of potentially proliferation-related activities is highly desirable. Early detection allows the international community to respond and take necessary actions - ideally using political and diplomatic influences without resorting to harsh measures such as sanctions or military actions. In this regard, a capability to quantitatively predict the chance of a country's nuclear proliferation intent or activities is of significant interest. There have been various efforts in the research community to understand the determinants of nuclear proliferation and develop quantitative tools to predict nuclear proliferation events. These efforts have shown that information about the political issues surrounding a country's security along with economic development data can be useful to explain the occurrences of proliferation decisions. However, predicting major historical proliferation events using model-based predictions has been unreliable. Nuclear proliferation decisions by a country is affected by three main factors: (1) technology; (2) finance; and (3) political motivation [1]. Technological capability is important as nuclear weapons development needs special materials, detonation mechanism, delivery capability, and the supporting human resources and knowledge base. Financial capability is likewise important as the development of the technological capabilities requires a serious financial commitment. It would be difficult for any state with a gross national product (GNP) significantly less than that of about $100 billion to devote enough annual governmental funding to a nuclear weapon program to actually achieve positive results within a reasonable time frame (i.e., 10 years). At the same time, nuclear proliferation is not a matter determined by a mastery of technical details or overcoming financial constraints. Technology or finance is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition for nuclear proliferation. At the most fundamental level, the proliferation decision by a state is controlled by its political motivation. To effectively address the issue of predicting proliferation events, all three of the factors must be included in the model. To the knowledge of the authors, none of the exiting models considered the 'technology' variable as part of the modeling. This paper presents an attempt to develop a methodology for statistical modeling and predicting a country's nuclear proliferation decisions. The approach is based on the combined use of data on a country's nuclear technical capability profiles economic development status, security environment factors and internal political and cultural factors. All of the information utilized in the study was from open source literature. (authors)

Li, Jun; Yim, Man-Sung; McNelis, David N. [Department of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z