Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

2

Geothermal district heating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ten district heating demonstration projects and their present status are described. The projects are Klamath County YMCA, Susanville District Heating, Klamath Falls District Heating, Reno Salem Plaza Condominium, El Centro Community Center Heating/Cooling, Haakon School and Business District Heating, St. Mary's Hospital, Diamond Ring Ranch, Pagosa Springs District Heating, and Boise District Heating.

Budney, G.S.; Childs, F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low...

4

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating...

5

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Bernardino District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating...

6

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

7

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

8

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Midland District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Midland,...

9

Towards Intelligent District Heating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A district heating system consists of one or more production units supplying energy in the form of heated water through a distribution pipe network to… (more)

Johansson, Christian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility City of Klamath...

11

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

12

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Pagosa Springs District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Pagosa Springs, Colorado Coordinates 37.26945°, -107.0097617° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

13

City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating District Heating Low Temperature District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility City of Klamath Falls District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

14

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Kethcum District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Ketchum, Idaho Coordinates 43.6807402°, -114.3636619° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

15

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Bernardino District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location San Bernardino, California Coordinates 34.1083449°, -117.2897652° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

16

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Boise City Geothermal District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

17

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Philip District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Philip, South Dakota Coordinates 44.0394329°, -101.6651441° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

18

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Midland District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Midland, South Dakota Coordinates 44.0716539°, -101.1554178° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

19

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Susanville District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Susanville, California Coordinates 40.4162842°, -120.6530063° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

20

Elko District Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko District Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Elko District Heat Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Elko, Nevada Coordinates 40.8324211°, -115.7631232° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy Presentation-given at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility Partnership...

22

Compare All CBECS Activities: District Heat Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District Heat Use District Heat Use Compare Activities by ... District Heat Use Total District Heat Consumption by Building Type Commercial buildings in the U.S. used a total of approximately 433 trillion Btu of district heat (district steam or district hot water) in 1999. There were only five building types with statistically significant district heat consumption; education buildings used the most total district heat. Figure showing total district heat consumption by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800. District Heat Consumption per Building by Building Type Health care buildings used the most district heat per building. Figure showing district heat consumption per building by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800.

23

,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 8. Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings Using Any Energy Source","Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",67338,65753,65716,45525,13285,5891,2750,6290,2322 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,6309,6280,3566,620,"Q","Q",635,292 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7721,7721,5088,583,"Q","Q",986,"Q"

24

Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

25

District heating campaign in Sweden  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the fall of 1994 a district heating campaign was conducted in Sweden. The campaign was initiated because the Swedish district heating companies agreed that it was time to increase knowledge and awareness of district heating among the general public, especially among potential customers. The campaign involved many district heating companies and was organized as a special project. Advertising companies, media advisers, consultants and investigators were also engaged. The campaign was conducted in two stages, a national campaign followed by local campaign was conducted in two stages, a national campaign followed by local campaigns. The national campaign was conducted during two weeks of November 1994 and comprised advertising on commercial TV and in the press.

Stalebrant, R.E. [Swedish District Heating Association, Stockholm (Sweden)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" 7. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings Using Any Energy Source","Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",4657,4403,4395,2670,434,117,50,451,153 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,2193,2186,1193,220,"Q","Q",215,93 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,1036,1036,684,74,"Q","Q",124,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,689,688,448,65,24,"Q",74,19

27

Heating oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of 235 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between BETC and API. The fuels were manufactured by 25 petroleum refining companies in 88 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1982 compared with data for 1981 are tabulated. Analyses of grade 6 foreign import oils are presented.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Heating oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of 247 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center and the American Petroleum Institute. The fuels were manufactured by 26 petroleum refining companies in 87 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The six grades of fuel are defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials Specification D396. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1980 compared with data for 1979 are shown in tables. Analyses of grades 2, 5(light), and 6 foreign import oils are presented.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Heating oils, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of 249 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The fuels were manufactured by 28 petroleum refining companies in 92 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The six grades of fuels are defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specification D396. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1981 compared with data for 1980 are shown in Tables 1 through 6. Analyses of grade 6 foreign import oils are presented in Table 13.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Elko County School District Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Elko, Nevada Coordinates 40.8324211°, -115.7631232° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

31

Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs Water District Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

32

Definition: District heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District heat District heat Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District heat A heating system that uses steam or hot water produced outside of a building (usually in a central plant) and piped into the building as an energy source for space heating, hot water or another end use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition District heating (less commonly called teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating. The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass, although heat-only boiler stations, geothermal heating and central solar heating are also used, as well as nuclear power. District heating plants can provide higher efficiencies and better

33

Residential heating oil price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 6.3 cents from a week ago to 2.91 per gallon. That's down 1.10 from a year ago, based on the...

34

Residential heating oil price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.5 cents from a week ago to 2.84 per gallon. That's down 1.22 from a year ago, based on the...

35

Residential heating oil price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.6 cents from a week ago to 2.97 per gallon. That's down 1.05 from a year ago, based on the...

36

Residential heating oil price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.6 cents from a week ago to 3.04 per gallon. That's down 99.4 cents from a year ago, based on the...

37

Heating oils, 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of 195 heating oils marketed in the United States were submitted for study and compilation under agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The fuels were manufactured by 25 petroleum refining companies in 83 domestic refineries. The data are tabulated according to six grades of fuel and subdivided into five geographic regions in which the fuels are marketed. The six grades of fuels are defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specification D396. The five regions containing a total of 16 marketing districts are shown on a map in the report. Trend charts are included showing average properties of the six grades of fuel for the past several years. Summaries of the results of the tests by grade and by region for 1983 are compared with data for 1982. 7 figures, 12 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) Project objectives: Create a campus geothermal heating and cooling...

39

District Heating with Renewable Energy Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This no cost Community Renewable Energy Success Stories webinar on "District Heating with Renewable Energy" presented by the Energy Department will feature two presentations. The first will discuss...

40

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) More Documents & Publications PIA - WEB Physical Security Major Application PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) PIA - WEB Unclassified...

42

Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

43

Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

44

New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility New...

45

Buffalo district heating system design and construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the introduction of district heating in Buffalo, NY from feasibility study to implementation. The reemergence of district heating in the US and associated advantages are reviewed. Advanced piping technology which has enabled district heating to compete economically with alternative technologies is summarized. Identification and analysis of the customer heat load considered in downtown Buffalo for the pilot system and future expansion is discussed. Various options for initiating construction of a district heating system were considered as exemplified by the configuration for the pilot system which was selected to serve five downtown buildings. A conceptual plan is presented which permits the system to expand in an economically viable manner. The report concludes with an economic analysis which simulates the operation and expansion of the system. 4 figs., 8 tabs.

Oliker, I.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices decline The average retail price for home heating oil is 3.48 per gallon. That's down 4.5 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by...

47

First university owned district heating system using biomass heat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Components 4.3 m diameter gasifier 4.4 MW flue gas boiler 60 t hog fuel storage Electrostatic precipitator Residue Gasifier Oxidizer Flue Gas Boiler Electrostatic Precipitator Heat to campus district energy loop

Northern British Columbia, University of

48

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices decrease The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.7 cents from a week ago to 4.02 per gallon. That's up 1.7 cents from a year ago, based on the...

49

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.8 cents from a week ago to 3.14 per gallon. That's down 81.1 cents from a year ago, based on the...

50

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 10.5 cents from a week ago to 3.22 per gallon. That's down 73.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

51

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.8 cents from a week ago to 2.82 per gallon. That's down 1.36 from a year ago, based on the...

52

Residential heating oil prices decline  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 2 cents from a week ago to 3.36 per gallon. That's down 52.5 cents from a year ago, based on the...

53

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 3.9 cents last week to 3.96 per gallon. That's down 2.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

54

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

05, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.9 cents from a week ago to 3.43 per gallon. That's down 39 cents from a year...

55

Residential heating oil price decreases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.6 cents from a week ago to 3.42 per gallon. That's down 39.5 cents from a year ago,...

56

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 2.9 cents from a week ago to 3.45 per gallon. That's down 36.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

57

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.3 cents from a week ago to 3.38 per gallon. That's down 43.9 cents from a year ago, based on the...

58

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 6.5 cents from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 14.9 cents from a year...

59

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 1.6 cents from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 8.9 cents from a year...

60

Residential heating oil prices decline  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 6.3 cents from a week ago to 3.08 per gallon. That's down 90.3 cents from a year ago, based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Residential heating oil price decreases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.8 cents from a week ago to 3.33 per gallon. That's down 59.1 cents from a year ago, based on the...

62

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 5.4 cents from a week ago to 4.04 per gallon. That's up 4.9 cents from a year ago, based on the...

63

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2.9 cents from a week ago to 3.98 per gallon. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a year ago, based...

64

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 4.4 cents from a week ago to 4.06 per gallon. That's up 4.1 cents from a year...

65

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil prices decrease The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.8 cents from a week ago to 4.00 per gallon. That's down 2-tenths of a cent...

66

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 12 cents from a week ago to 4.18 per gallon. That's up 13 cents from a year ago, based on the...

67

Texas - RRC District 10 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 10 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

68

Texas - RRC District 7B Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 7B Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

69

Texas - RRC District 6 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 6 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

70

Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 2 Onshore Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0...

71

Texas - RRC District 7C Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 7C Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

72

Texas - RRC District 8A Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 8A Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

73

Texas - RRC District 9 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 9 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

74

Texas - RRC District 8 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 8 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

75

Texas - RRC District 1 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 1 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

76

Texas - RRC District 5 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Texas - RRC District 5 Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Estimated Production from Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

77

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maps of states participating in Winter Fuels Survey Residential propane PADD map Residential heating oil PADD map...

78

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power May 7, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis In Tok, Alaska, the...

79

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter's market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 28, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of heating oil

80

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs Transportation fuel Heat or electricity * Data are from literature, except heating oil is adjusted from 2011 winter average *...

82

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Slide 2 of 11 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 7, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of

83

Consumer Winter Heating Oil Costs  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Using the Northeast as a regional focus for heating oil, the typical oil-heated household consumes about 680 gallons of oil during the winter, assuming that weather is "normal." The previous three winters were warmer than average and generated below normal consumption rates. Last winter, consumers saw large increases over the very low heating oil prices seen during the winter of 1998-1999 but, outside of the cold period in late January/early February they saw relatively low consumption rates due to generally warm weather. Even without particularly sharp cold weather events this winter, we think consumers are likely to see higher average heating oil prices than were seen last winter. If weather is normal, our projections imply New England heating oil

84

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy Information Administration publications, such as the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and This Week In Petroleum. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Terminal Operator Location (Thousand Barrels) Hess Corp. Groton, CT 500*

85

Residential heating oil prices available  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ago, based on the U.S. Energy Information Administration's weekly residential heating fuel price survey. Heating oil prices in the New England region are at 3.48 per gallon,...

86

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

data not collected over the summer? The residential pricing data collected on heating oil and propane prices are for the Winter Heating Fuels Survey. The purpose of this survey...

87

Consumer Winter Heating Oil Costs  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: The outlook for heating oil costs this winter, due to high crude oil costs and tight heating oil supplies, breaks down to an expected increase in heating expenditures for a typical oil-heated household of more than $200 this winter, the result of an 18% increase in the average price and an 11% increase in consumption. The consumption increase is due to the colder than normal temperatures experienced so far this winter and our expectations of normal winter weather for the rest of this heating season. Last winter, Northeast heating oil (and diesel fuel) markets experienced an extremely sharp spike in prices when a severe weather situation developed in late January. It is virtually impossible to gauge the probability of a similar (or worse) price shock recurring this winter,

88

Podhale (South Poland) geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The search for geothermal resources in the Podhale Region began in the late 1980s. The Banska IG-1 well, drilled in 1981, served as the starting point for an expansion of those research activities. A geothermal pilot plant was put into operation in 1993. During that same year the company Geotermia Podhalanska (GP) was founded and the pilot project, including the first distribution network for 20 customers, was constructed. After the initial phase of project implementation from 1993 to 1995, during which a pilot plant was constructed and put into operation for demonstration purposes by the Polish Academy for Sciences using the first geothermal doublet (a production well in Banska Nizna and a reinjection well in Bialy Dunajec), and connection of 200 households through a small district heating network, the World Bank got involved in the geothermal district heating project. Since then, significant progress has been made, increasing the overall heat capacity and geothermal output as well as the service area to the City of Zakopane, approx. 14 km from the production wells. In November 2001 the first geothermal heat was delivered to customers in Zakopane.

Piotr Dlugosz

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Fuzzy predictive control of district heating network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a concept for controlling the supply temperature in district heating networks (DHNs) using model predictive control. Due to the inherent non-linearity in the response characteristics caused by varying flow rates the use of fuzzy dynamic matrix control (DMC) is proposed. The fuzzy partitions of the local finite impulse response (FIR) models are constructed by an axis-orthogonal, incremental partitioning scheme. Furthermore, a novel approach for determining future fuzzy trajectory based on heat load forecasts is implemented. It is demonstrated that the fuzzy DMC performs well for the case study considered. In addition, different set point strategies are applied and the results are evaluated with respect to operational costs. In this context it is shown that the trade-off between pumping and heat loss cost plays an important role in minimising overall costs.

S. Grosswindhager; M. Kozek; Andreas Voigt; Lukas Haffner

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs.  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation at the May 9, 2012, Pyrolysis Oil Workship on biomass derivatives competitive with heating oil costs.

91

A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Geothermal Energy Production from Low Temperature Resources, Coproduced Fluids from Oil and Gas Wells, and Geopressured Resources Project Type / Topic 3 Low Temperature Resources Project Description With prior support from the Department of Energy (GRED III Program), New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NM Tech) has established that this resource likely has sufficient permeability (3000 Darcies) and temperatures (80-112 oC) to develop a campus-wide district heating system.

92

Tushino - 3 district heating project/Moscow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contract for supply and installation of Honeywell control equipment at the district heating plant in Moscow suburb of Tushino was signed between the Mayor of Moscow and Honeywell in December 1991. Total contract value is US$3 million. The aim is to demonstrate on a pilot project the potential energy savings and improved pleat safety which can be achieved by means of electronic control of latest design. The Honeywell contract basically covers modernization of instrumentation and control of the gas fired heating plant, comprising water preparation and 4 boilers, of 100 Gcal/h each, i.e., 400 Gcal/h total. The plant is feeding the hot water network which has 60 heat exchanger stations connected. The heat exchangers (thermal rating between 2 to 10 Gcal/h each) supply hot water mainly to residential building blocks for apartment heating and domestic hot water. Honeywell`s responsibility covers engineering, supply of TDC 3000 micro-processor based control system for the boilers and DeltaNet Excel control for the Heat Exchangers. The contract also includes installation and start-up of the total control system.

Mayer, H.W.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin BasinRates in California Oil and Gas District 4 – Update andoccurring in California Oil and Gas District 4 during the

Benson, Sally M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) James Lowe Ball State University May 03, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary confidential, or otherwise...

95

District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conversion Blaine County School District This project will impact the geothermal energy development market by showing that ground source heat pump systems using production...

96

November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy This webinar was held November 20, 2012, and provided information on Indiana's Ball State University geothermal heat pump system, and a hot-water district heating system in St. Paul, Minnesota. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 194 MB), or view the text version. Find more CommRE webinars. Paradigm Shift-Coal to Geothermal Ball State University in Indianapolis, Indiana, is converting its campus district heating and cooling system from a coal-fired steam boiler to a ground source geothermal system that produces simultaneously hot water for heating and chilled water for cooling. It will be the largest ground source

97

District heating/feasibility study for Jamestown, New York. Phase two. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details an investigation to implement district heating in Jamestown, New York. It is a technical and economic feasibility study of a hot-water district-heating system, using a municipal electric plant as the heat source and the downtown area as a source for customers. As a result of the project, the City of Jamestown built a district-heating system that was a service to four customers in 1984 and expanded to 14 customers in 1985. The City expects it to grow in 1986 and beyond. Customers are realizing a 20 to 30% savings in heating costs. The municipal electric plant burns coal and the system so far has displaced the equivalent of 1 million gallons of oil per year.

Oliker, I.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Winter Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Residential heating oil prices reflect a similar pattern to that shown in spot prices. However, like other retail petroleum prices, they tend to lag changes in wholesale prices in both directions, with the result that they don't rise as rapidly or as much, but they take longer to recede. This chart shows the residential heating oil prices collected under the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP), which only runs during the heating season, from October through March. The spike in New York Harbor spot prices last winter carried through to residential prices throughout New England and the Central Atlantic states. Though the spike actually lasted only a few weeks, residential prices ended the heating season well above where they had started.

99

Solar heat storages in district heating Klaus Ellehauge Thomas Engberg Pedersen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2007 . #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks July 2007 Klaus Ellehauge 97 22 11 tep@cowi.dk www.cowi.com #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks 5 in soil 28 5.3 Other experienced constructions: 30 6 Consequences of establishing solar heat in CHP areas

100

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 8/13/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low U.S. Reflects World Market Crude Oil Outlook Conclusions Distillate Prices Increase With Crude Oil Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter More Supply Possible This Fall than Forecast Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low Winter Crude Oil and Distillate Price Outlook Heating Oil Outlook Conclusion Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane bills Lower oil prices are not only driving down gasoline costs, but U.S. consumers will also see a bigger savings in...

102

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Guidelines for Release ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heating Oil Reserve Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Guidelines for Release Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Guidelines for Release The Energy Policy and Conservation...

103

Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Oregon Institute of Technology Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

104

New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility New Mexico State University Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Las Cruces, New Mexico Coordinates 32.3123157°, -106.7783374° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

105

Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Idaho Capitol Mall Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

106

Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warren Estates Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Reno, Nevada Coordinates 39.5296329°, -119.8138027° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

107

Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

108

Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Manzanita Estates Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Reno, Nevada Coordinates 39.5296329°, -119.8138027° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

109

Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Litchfield Correctional Center Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Susanville, California Coordinates 40.4162842°, -120.6530063° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

110

A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A...

111

Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Gila Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Gila Hot Springs, New Mexico Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

112

Energy Accounting for District Heating and Cooling Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY ACCOUNTING FOR DISTRICT HEATING AND COOLING PLANTS John A. Barrett, P.E. Manager, Central Plant Utilities University of Houston Houston, Texas Introduction Energy accounting combines engineering science with the insights of cost... Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 The Science of Plant Utilities Control While the Weiss papers are not as specific to district heating and cooling plants as the preceding papers, they do treat other problem areas of interest...

Barrett, J. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices virtually unchanged The average retail price for home heating oil fell 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago to 3.95 per gallon. That's down 8-tenths of a penny...

114

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.1 cents from a week ago to 4.20 per gallon. That's up 13.6 cents from a year ago,...

115

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.9 cents from a week ago to 4.23 per gallon. That's up 5.1 cents from a year...

116

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.6 cents from a week ago to 4.23 per gallon. That's up 14.9 cents from a year...

117

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.2 cents from a week ago to 4.12 per gallon. That's up 9.4 cents from a year...

118

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2-tenths of a cent from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 8.2 cents...

119

District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project will impact the geothermal energy development market by showing that ground source heat pump systems using production and re-injection wells has the lowest total cost of ownership of available HVAC replacement options.

120

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

District District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Below is the text version of the webinar titled "District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012. Operator: The broadcast is now starting. All attendees are in listen-only mode. Sarah Busche: Hi, good afternoon everyone, and welcome to today's webinar sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. I'm Sarah Busche, and I'm here with Devin Egan. We're broadcasting live from the National Renewable Energy Lab in Golden, Colorado. And we're going to give everyone a few minutes to call in and log on, but while we do that, Devin's going to go over some of the logistics, and then we'll get started. Devin?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DOE to Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Purchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve June 23, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a solicitation seeking to purchase heating oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) using $3 million in appropriated funds. The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve provides an important safety cushion for millions of Americans residing in the Northeast region of the country. Due to the modest volume of heating oil expected to be purchased with the available funds, no impact on market prices is expected. In 2007 a 35,000 barrel sale was conducted to raise funds necessary to award new long-term storage contracts to fill NEHHOR to its authorized

122

New energy and exergy parameters for geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces four new parameters, namely energetic renewability ratio, exergetic renewability ratio, energetic reinjection ratio, and exergetic reinjection ratio for geothermal district energy systems. These parameters are applied to Edremit Geothermal District Heating System (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey for daily, monthly and yearly assessments and their variations are studied. In addition, the actual data are regressed to obtain some applied correlations for practical use. Some results follow: (i) Both energetic and exergetic renewability ratios decrease with decreasing temperature in heating season and increasing temperature in the summer. (ii) Both energetic and exergetic reinjection ratios increase with decreasing temperature for heating season and increase with increasing temperature for summer season.

C. Coskun; Zuhal Oktay; I. Dincer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Simulation and analysis of district-heating and -cooling systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer simulation model, GEOCITY, was developed to study the design and economics of district heating and cooling systems. GEOCITY calculates the cost of district heating based on climate, population, energy source, and financing conditions. The principal input variables are minimum temperature, heating degree-days, population size and density, energy supply temperature and distance from load center, and the interest rate. For district cooling, maximum temperature and cooling degree-hours are required. From this input data the model designs the fluid transport and district heating systems. From this design, GEOCITY calculates the capital and operating costs for the entire system. GEOCITY was originally developed to simulate geothermal district heating systems and thus, in addition to the fluid transport and distribution models, it includes a reservoir model to simulate the production of geothermal energy from geothermal reservoirs. The reservoir model can be adapted to simulate the supply of hot water from any other energy source. GEOCITY has been used extensively and has been validated against other design and cost studies. GEOCITY designs the fluid transport and distribution facilities and then calculates the capital and operating costs for the entire system. GEOCITY can simulate nearly any financial and tax structure through varying the rates of return on equity and debt, the debt-equity ratios, and tax rates. Both private and municipal utility systems can be simulated.

Bloomster, C.H.; Fassbender, L.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Co-sponsored second quarter progress review conference on district heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary of the progress review conference on district heating and cooling systems is presented. The agenda and lists of speakers and attendees are presented. A history of district heating and some present needs and future policies are given and an excerpt from the National District Heating Program Strategy (DOE, March 1980) is included. Following the presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems Program, by Alan M. Rubin, a fact sheet on DOE's Integrated Community Energy Systems Program and information from an oral presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems for Communities Through Power Plant Retrofit Distribution Network, are given. The Second Quarterly Oral Report to the US DOE on the District Heating and Cooling Project in Detroit; the executive summary of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project; the Second Quarterly Report of the Moorehead, Minnesota District Heating Project; and the report from the Moorehead, Minnesota mayor on the Hot Water District Heating Project are presented.

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

District cooling and heating development in Stamford, CT. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the development options for introducing district cooling and heating in downtown Stamford, Connecticut. A district energy system as defined for the Stamford project is the production of chilled and hot water at a central energy plant, and its distribution underground to participating building in the vicinity. The objective of the study was to investigate implementation of a district energy system in conjunction with cogeneration as a means to encourage energy conservation and provide the city with an economic development tool. Analysis of the system configuration focused on selecting an arrangement which offered a realistic opportunity for implementation. Three main alternatives were investigated: (1) construction of an 82 MW cogeneration plant and a district heating and cooling system to serve downtown buildings, (2) construction of a small (4 MW) in-fence cogeneration plant combined with cooling and heating, and (3) construction of a district cooling and heating plant to supply selected buildings. Option (1) was determined to be unfeasible at this time due to low electricity prices. The analysis demonstrated that alternatives (2) and (3) were feasible. A number of recommendations are made for detailed cost estimates and ownership, leasing, and financial issues. 12 figs., 10 tabs.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Achieving low return temperatures from district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract District heating systems contribute with low primary energy supply in the energy system by providing heat from heat assets like combined heat and power, waste incineration, geothermal heat, wood waste, and industrial excess heat. These heat assets would otherwise be wasted or not used. Still, there are several reasons to use these assets as efficiently as possible, i.e., ability to compete, further reduced use of primary energy resources, and less environmental impact. Low supply and return temperatures in the distribution networks are important operational factors for obtaining an efficient district heating system. In order to achieve low return temperatures, customer substations and secondary heating systems must perform without temperature faults. In future fourth generation district heating systems, lower distribution temperatures will be required. To be able to have well-performing substations and customer secondary systems, continuous commissioning will be necessary to be able to detect temperature faults without any delays. It is also of great importance to be able to have quality control of eliminated faults. Automatic meter reading systems, recently introduced into district heating systems, have paved the way for developing new methods to be used in continuous commissioning of substations. This paper presents a novel method using the temperature difference signature for temperature difference fault detection and quality assurance of eliminated faults. Annual hourly datasets from 140 substations have been analysed for temperature difference faults. From these 140 substations, 14 were identified with temperature difference appearing or eliminated during the analysed year. Nine appeared during the year, indicating an annual temperature difference fault frequency of more than 6%.

Henrik Gadd; Sven Werner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Tips For Residential Heating Oil Tank Owners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Tips For Residential Heating Oil Tank Owners Source: DEP Fact Sheet Residential heating oil tanks are used to store fuel for furnaces or boilers to heat homes. The tanks can either be aboveground tanks, normally located in basements or utility rooms

Maroncelli, Mark

128

On flow and supply temperature control in district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses how the control of the flow and the supply temperature in district heating systems can be optimized, utilizing stochastic modelling, prediction and control methods. The main objective is to reduce heat production costs and heat losses in the transmission and distribution net by minimizing the supply temperature at the district heating plant. This control strategy is reasonable, in particular, if the heat production takes place at a combined heat and power (CHP) plant. The control strategy is subject to some restrictions, e.g. that the total heat requirement for all consumers is supplied at any time, and each individual consumer is guaranteed some minimum supply temperature at any time. Another important restriction is that the variation in time of the supply temperature is kept as small as possible. This concept has been incorporated in the program package, PRESS, developed at the Technical University of Denmark. PRESS has been applied and tested, e.g. at Vestkraft in Esbjerg, Denmark, and significant saving potentials have been documented. PRESS is now distributed by the Danish District Heating Association.

Henrik Madsen; Ken Sejling; Henning T. Søgaard; Olafur P. Palsson

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description - Improve the indoor air quality and lower the cost of cooling and heating the buildings that make up the campus of Cedarville High School, Middle School and Elementary School. - Provide jobs, and reduce requirements of funds for the capital budget of the School District, and thus give relief to taxpayers in this rural region during a period of economic recession. - The new Heat Pumps will be targeted to perform at very high efficiency with EER (energy efficiency ratios) of 22+/-. System capacity is planned at 610 tons. - Remove unusable antiquated existing equipment and systems from the campus heating and cooling system, but utilize ductwork, piping, etc. where feasible. The campus is served by antiquated air conditioning units combined with natural gas, and with very poor EER estimated at 6+/-. - Monitor for 3 years the performance of the new systems compared to benchmarks from the existing system, and provide data to the public to promote adoption of Geothermal technology. - The Geothermal installation contractor is able to provide financing for a significant portion of project funding with payments that fall within the energy savings resulting from the new high efficiency heating and cooling systems.

130

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

131

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Holiday Release Schedule Holiday Release Schedule The Heating Oil and Propane Update is produced during the winter heating season, which extends from October through March of each year. The standard release time and day of the week will be at 1:00 p. m. (Eastern time) on Wednesdays with the following exceptions. All times are Eastern. Data for: Alternate Release Date Release Day Release Time Holiday October 14, 2013 October 17, 2013 Thursday Cancelled Columbus/EIA Closed November 11, 2013 November 14, 2013 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Veterans December 23, 2013 December 27, 2013 Friday 1:00 p.m. Christmas December 30, 2013 January 3, 2014 Friday 1:00 p.m. New Year's January 20, 2014 January 23, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. Martin Luther King Jr. February 17, 2014 February 20, 2014 Thursday 1:00 p.m. President's

132

Exergoeconomic evaluation on the optimum heating circuit system of Simav geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simav is one of the most important 15 geothermal areas in Turkey. It has several geothermal resources with the mass flow rate ranging from 35 to 72 kg/s and temperature from 88 to 148 °C. Hence, these geothermal resources are available to use for several purposes, such as electricity generation, district heating, greenhouse heating, and balneological purposes. In Simav, the 5000 residences are heated by a district heating system in which these geothermal resources are used. Beside this, a greenhouse area of 225,000 m2 is also heated by geothermal. In this study, the working conditions of the Simav geothermal district heating system have been optimized. In this paper, the main characteristics of the system have been presented and the impact of the parameters of heating circuit on the system are investigated by the means of energy, exergy, and life cycle cost (LCC) concepts. As a result, the optimum heating circuit has been determined as 60/49 °C.

Oguz Arslan; M.Arif Ozgur; Ramazan Kose; Abtullah Tugcu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Table 1A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" A","Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD District (Domestic)" ,"(Dollars per Barrel)" ,,," "," " ,,,"Previous ","Final" "Frequency","Date","Area","Price","Price","Difference" "Annual",2010,"PAD District 2",78.7,78.85,0.15 ,,"PAD District 4",73.65,73.56,-0.09 ,,"U.S.",77.96,78.01,0.05 ,2011,"PAD District 3",103.19,103.24,0.05 ,,"PAD District 2",96.82,96.81,-0.01 ,,"PAD District 4",89.36,89.34,-0.02 ,,"U.S.",100.74,100.71,-0.03 ,,"PAD District 5",103.85,103.83,-0.02 "Month","application/vnd.ms-excel","PAD District 4",73.68,72.66,-1.02

134

Barriers and enablers to geothermal district heating system development in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the US Energy Information Administration, space and hot water heating represented about 20% of total US energy demand in 2006. Given that most of this demand is met by burning natural gas, propane, and fuel oil, an enormous opportunity exists for directly utilizing indigenous geothermal energy as a cleaner, nearly emissions-free renewable alternative. Although the US is rich in geothermal energy resources, they have been frequently undervalued in America's portfolio of options as a means of offsetting fossil fuel emissions while providing a local, reliable energy source for communities. Currently, there are only 21 operating GDHS in the US with a capacity of about 100 MW thermal. Interviews with current US district heating operators were used to collect data on and analyze the development of these systems. This article presents the current structure of the US regulatory and market environment for GDHS along with a comparative study of district heating in Iceland where geothermal energy is extensively utilized. It goes on to review the barriers and enablers to utilizing geothermal district heating systems (GDHS) in the US for space and hot water heating and provides policy recommendations on how to advance this energy sector in the US.

Hildigunnur H. Thorsteinsson; Jefferson W. Tester

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Below is the text version of the webinar titled "District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012.

136

Heat Requirements for Retorting Oil Shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat Requirements for Retorting Oil Shale ... Converting Oil Shale to Liquid Fuels: Energy Inputs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Shell in Situ Conversion Process ... Converting Oil Shale to Liquid Fuels: Energy Inputs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Shell in Situ Conversion Process ...

H. W. Sohns; L. E. Mitchell; R. J. Cox; W. I. Barnet; W. I. R. Murphy

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating of any network. Most existing district heating systems work at small (10-15 C) delta T. Although for the conventional and optimised design of the district heating network. The network operation will be simulated

Evans, Paul

138

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials SHOPP Financial Forms - for State Energy Officials The Federal forms below are required for State Energy Officials participating in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) to execute their cooperative agreements with the U. S. Energy Information Administration. The Application for Federal Assistance, Form SF-424, is required to be submitted annually no later than May 15th in order for the applicant to receive funds for the upcoming season. This form consists of three parts: SF-424 - general funding information SF-424A - annual budget SF-424B - assurance pages The Federal Financial Report, Form SF-425, collects basic data on federal and recipient expenditures related to the SHOPP grant. This form should be submitted by August 1st of each year after the end of the season.

139

Return temperature influence of a district heating network on the CHP plant production costs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this Project is to study the influence of high return temperatures in district heating on the costs for heat and power… (more)

Sallent, Roger

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Absorption cooling in district heating network: Temperature difference examination in hot water circuit.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Absorption cooling system driven by district heating network is relized as a smart strategy in Sweden. During summer time when the heating demand is… (more)

Yuwardi, Yuwardi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

District heating and cooling feasibility study, Dunkirk, New York  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a preliminary investigation of the technical and economic feasibility of implementing a district heating and cooling (DHC) system in the City of Dunkirk, New York. The study was conducted by first defining a heating and cooling (HC) load service area. Then, questionnaires were sent to prospective DHC customers. After reviewing the owners responses, large consumers of energy were interviewed for more detail of their HC systems, including site visits, to determine possibilities of retrofitting their systems to district heating and cooling. Peak HC loads for the buildings were estimated by Burns and Roe's in-house computer programs. Based on the peak loads, certain customers were determined for suitability as anchor customers. Various options using cogeneration were investigated for possible HC sources. Equipment for HC sources and HC loads were sized and their associated costs estimated. Finally, economic analyses were performed. The conclusion is that it is technically and economically feasible to implement a district heating and cooling system in the City of Dunkirk. 14 figs., 15 tabs.

Not Available

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electromagnetic Heating Methods for Heavy Oil Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most widely used method of thermal oil recovery is by injecting steam into the reservoir. A well-designed steam injection project is very efficient in recovering oil, however its applicability is limited in many situations. Simulation studies and field experience has shown that for low injectivity reservoirs, small thickness of the oil-bearing zone, and reservoir heterogeneity limits the performance of steam injection. This paper discusses alternative methods of transferring heat to heavy oil reservoirs, based on electromagnetic energy. They present a detailed analysis of low frequency electric resistive (ohmic) heating and higher frequency electromagnetic heating (radio and microwave frequency). They show the applicability of electromagnetic heating in two example reservoirs. The first reservoir model has thin sand zones separated by impermeable shale layers, and very viscous oil. They model preheating the reservoir with low frequency current using two horizontal electrodes, before injecting steam. The second reservoir model has very low permeability and moderately viscous oil. In this case they use a high frequency microwave antenna located near the producing well as the heat source. Simulation results presented in this paper show that in some cases, electromagnetic heating may be a good alternative to steam injection or maybe used in combination with steam to improve heavy oil production. They identify the parameters which are critical in electromagnetic heating. They also discuss past field applications of electromagnetic heating including technical challenges and limitations.

Sahni, A.; Kumar, M.; Knapp, R.B.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Feasibility analysis of geothermal district heating for Lakeview, Oregon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the geothermal resource at Lakeview, Oregon, indicates that a substantial resource exists in the area capable of supporting extensive residential, commercial and industrial heat loads. Good resource productivity is expected with water temperatures of 200{degrees}F at depths of 600 to 3000 feet in the immediate vicinity of the town. Preliminary district heating system designs were developed for a Base Case serving 1170 homes, 119 commercial and municipal buildings, and a new alcohol fuel production facility; a second design was prepared for a downtown Mini-district case with 50 commercial users and the alcohol plant. Capital and operating costs were determined for both cases. Initial development of the Lakeview system has involved conducting user surveys, well tests, determinations of institutional requirements, system designs, and project feasibility analyses. A preferred approach for development will be to establish the downtown Mini-district and, as experience and acceptance are obtained, to expand the system to other areas of town. Projected energy costs for the Mini-district are $10.30 per million Btu while those for the larger Base Case design are $8.20 per million Btu. These costs are competitive with costs for existing sources of energy in the Lakeview area.

Not Available

1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

CHP, Waste Heat & District Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP Technologies and Applications CHP Technologies and Applications 25 Oct 11 Today's Electric Grid What is CHP * ASHRAE Handbook: "Combined heat and power (CHP). Simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy and useful thermal energy from a single energy stream." * CHP is not a single technology but a suite of technologies that can use a variety of fuels to generate electricity or power at the point of use. * CHP technology can be deployed quickly, cost-effectively, and with few geographic limitations. 11/1/2011 Slide 6 5/20/11 Slide 7 What is CHP? * On-site generation of Power and Thermal Energy from a single fuel source * 'Conventional' grid based generators are located remote from thermal applications while CHP plants are located close to thermal applications

145

U.S. Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices for the last four winters, with this year’s prices shown through January 24, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Although heating oil prices for consumers started this winter at similar levels to those in 1997, they already rose nearly 20 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude

146

Thermodynamic analysis of a geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoeconomic analysis is considered a useful tool for investigators in engineering and other disciplines due to its methodology based on the quantities exergy, cost, energy and mass. This study deals with an investigation of capital costs and thermodynamic losses for devices in the Balcova Geothermal District Heating Systems (BGDHS). Thermodynamic loss rate-to-capital cost ratios are used for components and the overall system, and a systematic correlation is found between capital cost and exergy loss (total or internal), but not between capital cost and energy loss or external exergy loss. This correlation may imply that devices in successful district heating system are configured so as to achieve an overall optimal design, by balancing the thermodynamic (exergy-based) and economic characteristics of the overall system and their devices. The results provide insights into the relations between thermodynamics and economics and help demonstrate the merits of exergy analysis.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Geothermal district heating system feasibility analysis, Thermopolis, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to determine the technical and economic feasibility of constructing and operating a district heating system to serve the residential, commercial, and public sectors in Thermopolis. The project geothermal resource assessment, based on reviews of existing information and data, indicated that substantial hot water resources likely exist in the Rose Dome region 10 miles northeast of Thermopolis, and with quantities capable of supporting the proposed geothermal uses. Preliminary engineering designs were developed to serve the space heating and hot water heating demands for buildings in the Thermopolis-East Thermopolis town service area. The heating district design is based on indirect geothermal heat supply and includes production wells, transmission lines, heat exchanger units, and the closed loop distribution and collection system necessary to serve the individual customers. Three options are presented for disposal of the cooled waters-reinjection, river disposal, and agricultural reuse. The preliminary engineering effort indicates the proposed system is technically feasible. The design is sized to serve 1545 residences, 190 businesses, and 24 public buildings. The peak design meets a demand of 128.2 million Btu at production rates of 6400 gpm.

Goering, S.W.; Garing, K.L.; Coury, G.; Mickley, M.C.

1982-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

148

A key review on performance improvement aspects of geothermal district heating systems and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with a comprehensive analysis and discussion of geothermal district heating systems and applications. In this regard, case studies are presented to study the thermodynamic aspects in terms of energy and exergy and performance improvement opportunities of three geothermal district heating systems, namely (i) Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS), (ii) Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS), and (iii) Gonen geothermal district heating system (GGDHS) installed in Turkey. Energy and exergy modeling of geothermal district heating systems for system analysis and performance evaluation are given, while their performances are evaluated using energy and exergy analysis method. Energy and exergy specifications are presented in tables. In the analysis, the actual system operational data are utilized. In comparison of the local three district heating systems with each other, it is found that the SGDHS has highest energy efficiency, while the GGDHS has highest exergy efficiency.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Exergoeconomic analysis of geothermal district heating systems: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An exergoeconomic study of geothermal district heating systems through mass, energy, exergy and cost accounting analyses is reported and a case study is presented for the Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS) in Turkey to illustrate the present method. The relations between capital costs and thermodynamic losses for the system components are also investigated. Thermodynamic loss rate-to-capital cost ratios are used to show that, for the devices and the overall system, a systematic correlation appears to exist between capital cost and exergy loss (total or internal), but not between capital cost and energy loss or external exergy loss. Furthermore, a parametric study is conducted to determine how the ratio of thermodynamic loss rate to capital cost changes with reference temperature and to develop a correlation that can be used for practical analyses. The correlations may imply that devices in successful district heating systems such as the SGDHS are configured so as to achieve an overall optimal design, by appropriately balancing the thermodynamic (exergy-based) and economic (cost) characteristics of the overall systems and their devices.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer; Marc A. Rosen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses of geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study deals with analyzing, assessing and comparing conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses to identify the direction and potential for energy savings of a geothermal district heating system in future conditions/projections. As a real case study, the Afyon geothermal district heating system in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered while its actual operational thermal data on 8 February 2011 are utilized in the analysis, which is based on the specific exergy costing method. In this study for the first time, based on the concepts of avoidable/unavoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts, cost rates associated with both exergy destruction and capital investment of the geothermal district heating system are determined first, and the obtained results are then evaluated. The results indicate that the internal design changes play a more essential role in determining the cost of each component. The cost rate of unavoidable part within the components of the system is lower than that of the avoidable one. For the overall system, the value for the conventional exergoeconomic factor is determined to be 5.53% while that for the modified one is calculated to be 9.49%. As a result, the advanced exergoeconomic analysis makes more sense given the additional information in splitting process of the components.

Ali Keçeba?; Arif Hepbasli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Geothermal district heating in Turkey: The Gonen case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of geothermal district heating in Turkey and its future prospects are reviewed. A description is given of the Gonen project in Balikesir province, the first system to begin citywide operation in the country. The geology and geothermal resources of the area, the history of the project's development, the problems encountered, its economic aspects and environmental contributions are all discussed. The results of this and other such systems installed in Turkey have confirmed that, in this country, heating an entire city based on geothermal energy is a significantly cleaner, cheaper option than using fossil fuels or other renewable energy resources.

Zuhal Oktay; Asiye Aslan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose There has been an increased interest in utilizing renewable energy sources in district heating systems. District heating systems are centralized systems that provide heat for residential and commercial buildings in a community. While various renewable and conventional energy sources can be used in such systems, many stakeholders are interested in choosing the feasible option with the least environmental impacts. This paper evaluates and compares environmental burdens of alternative energy source options for the base load of a district heating center in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC) using the life cycle assessment method. The considered energy sources include natural gas, wood pellet, sewer heat, and ground heat. Methods The life cycle stages considered in the LCA model cover all stages from fuel production, fuel transmission/transportation, construction, operation, and finally demolition of the district heating system. The impact categories were analyzed based on the IMPACT 2002+ method. Results and discussion On a life-cycle basis, the global warming effect of renewable energy options were at least 200 kgeqCO2 less than that of the natural gas option per MWh of heat produced by the base load system. It was concluded that less than 25% of the upstream global warming impact associated with the wood pellet energy source option was due to transportation activities and about 50% of that was resulted from wood pellet production processes. In comparison with other energy options, the wood pellets option has higher impacts on respiratory of inorganics, terrestrial ecotoxicity, acidification, and nutrification categories. Among renewable options, the global warming impact of heat pump options in the studied case in Vancouver, BC, were lower than the wood pellet option due to BC's low carbon electricity generation profile. Ozone layer depletion and mineral extraction were the highest for the heat pump options due to extensive construction required for these options. Conclusions Natural gas utilization as the primary heat source for district heat production implies environmental complications beyond just the global warming impacts. Diffusing renewable energy sources for generating the base load district heat would reduce human toxicity, ecosystem quality degradation, global warming, and resource depletion compared to the case of natural gas. Reducing fossil fuel dependency in various stages of wood pellet production can remarkably reduce the upstream global warming impact of using wood pellets for district heat generation.

Ghafghazi, Saeed [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [Delta Research Corporation

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

154

Potential of the Power-to-Heat Technology in District Heating Grids in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing amount of power generation from weather-dependent renewable sources in Germany is projected to lead to a considerable number of hours in which power generation exceeds power demand. One possibility to take advantage of this power surplus is through the Power-to-Heat technology. As combined heat and power (CHP)-plants can be upgraded relatively easily with a Power-to-Heat facility, a huge potential can be developed in German district heating grids which are mainly served by CHP-plants. In this paper the potential of the Power-to-Heat technology in district heating grids in Germany is evaluated for the years 2015 to 2030 under different assumptions.

Diana Böttger; Mario Götz; Nelly Lehr; Hendrik Kondziella; Thomas Bruckner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Marketing the Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating system was completed in 1981 and, until 1992, there was no formal marketing plan for the system. This lack of marketing and the system history of poor availability combined to reduce or eliminate interest in connecting on the part of local building owners and it served only the original 14 government buildings connected at start up. The revenue from these buildings, however, did not cover the entire cost of operating the system. As a result, the city was faced with a difficult decision - develop the revenue required to make the system self-supporting or shut it down. As a result, a marketing strategy for the system was developed. A flat rate was developed in which the rate is negotiable, but for most customers approximates 50% of the gas bill. In addition, the flat rate reduced customer retrofit costs because it is not necessary to buy a meter. Finally, the flat rate is a guaranteed value for the first 10 years of the contract. To reduce retrofit costs, the new marketing plan eliminates the requirement for a customer heat exchanger. New customers are now connected directly into the distribution system with district loop water used as the building heating medium. The state operates two programs which have been used in the marketing plan. The first of these is available only to taxable entities and is referred to as the Business Energy Tax Credit (BETC). This program offers business a 35% tax credit on the costs associated with connection to the geothermal district heat system (retrofit, design, permits, etc.). The second state program is the Small Energy Loan Program (SELP). This program will loan the entire cost of the energy project to the customer. The new marketing strategy for the Klamath Falls system has concentrated on offering the customer an attractive and easy to understand rate structure, reduced retrofit cost and complexity for this building along with an attractive package of financing and tax credits. 1 tab.

Rafferty, K. (Geo-Heat Center, Klamath Falls, OR (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Heat exchanger optimization for geothermal district heating systems: A fuel saving approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most commonly used heating devices in geothermal systems is the heat exchanger. The output conditions of heat exchangers are based on several parameters. The heat transfer area is one of the most important parameters for heat exchangers in terms of economics. Although there are a lot of methods to optimize heat exchangers, the method described here is a fairly easy approach. In this paper, a counter flow heat exchanger of geothermal district heating system is considered and optimum design values, which provide maximum annual net profit, for the considered heating system are found according to fuel savings. Performance of the heat exchanger is also calculated. In the analysis, since some values are affected by local conditions, Turkey's conditions are considered.

Ahmet Dagdas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district heating system ­ and makes a proposal for a technical and economic improvement. Monitoring of water quality in district heating systems is necessary

158

Assessment of district heating/cooling potential for the Frenchman's Cove redevelopment project. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study undertaken to evaluate the potential for district heating/cooling (DHC) in the City of Ecorse, Michigan is documented. the purpose of the study was to assess the concept of delivering energy from a centralized source (or several sources) through a piping network to many end users for heating domestic (tap) hot water, space heating, and space cooling. The primary focus of the study was the proposed redevelopment of eighty acres in Ecorse along the Detroit River waterfront known as Frenchman's Cove. As planned, the complete development would place nearly 2 million square feet of new, mixed use structures/facilities on the site and an eighteen acre undeveloped island located 300 feet offshore. Other areas of the city were also examined to identify and evaluate existing supply and end use possibilities. In addition, several neighboring communities were examined to determine the feasibility of downriver DHC network. Six large thermal energy producers identified in the study area include the Detroit Edison River Rouge power plant (DECo.-RR), the Wyandotte Municipal Services Commission (WMSC) power plant, a BASF/Wyandotte Corporation plant, a Marathon Oil refinery, the Great Lakes Steel complex, and the E.C. Levy Company slag processing site. Each was examined for potential as a thermal supplier on a district heating network.

Not Available

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at about $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

160

Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

55.1 47.1 W W 55.1 46.2 See footnotes at end of table. 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Potential benefits of a resource-recovery facility coupled with district heating in Detroit, Michigan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The City of Detroit, Michigan, announced plans for a 2.7-Gg/d (3000-ton/d) Resource Recovery Facility to be located in the central part of the city. The facility will process and burn waste collected by the municipal forces. Steam generated in the facility's boilers will be used to produce electricity; the surplus electricity will be sold to the Detroit Edison Company. When needed by the Central Heating System (CHS), large portions of the steam can be extracted from the turbine and sold to the Detroit Edison Company. The facility will meet its primary purpose of greatly relieving Detroit's solid waste disposal problem. A second very important benefit is that it will be a source of reasonably priced steam for the CHS, which serves the downtown area. Detroit is now in a local depression, and the downtown areas have suffered urban decay. The city is focusing on the redevelopment of these areas, and a viable, cost-effective district heating system would be a major asset. Currently, the CHS is losing money, although it charges relatively high rates for steam, because it uses primarily natural gas to generate steam. The economic feasibility of converting the CHS's relatively oil boiler units to burn coal, a much cheaper fuel, is doubtful. The Resource Recovery Facility can provide CHS with a major part of its steam needs at competitive prices in the near future. This would do much to relieve the CHS's financial problems and help it to become a viable system. This, in turn, would assist the city in the redevelopment of the downtown areas. An overall strategy for district heating in Detroit is being developed. It is suggested that a comprehensive study of a regional district heating system in the city be made.

McLain, H.A.; Brinker, M.J.; Gatton, D.W.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

New York Home Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 15 5 of 15 Notes: The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a little slower and spread out over time compared to spot prices. Wholesale prices increased over 50 cents from January 17 to January 24, while retail increased 44 cents in New York. Diesel prices are showing a similar pattern to residential home heating oil prices, and are indicating that home heating oil prices may not have peaked yet, although spot prices are dropping. Diesel prices in New England and the Mid-Atlantic increased 30-40 cents January 24 over the prior week, and another 13-15 cents January 31. Spot prices plummeted January 31, closing at 82 cents per gallon, indicating the worst part of the crisis may be over, but it is still a

163

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

propane price increase slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.41 per gallon, up 1-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the...

164

Municipal District Heating and Cooling Co-generation System Feasibility Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In summer absorption refrigerating machines provide cold water using excess heat from municipal thermoelectric power plant through district heating pipelines, which reduces peak electric load from electricity networks in summer. The paper simulates...

Zhang, W.; Guan, W.; Pan, Y.; Ding, G.; Song, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Wei, H.; He, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Residential Heating Oil Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.815 3.822 3.888 3.917 3.956 3.952 1990-2013 3.815 3.822 3.888 3.917 3.956 3.952 1990-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.817 3.825 3.891 3.920 3.960 3.956 1990-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 3.766 3.773 3.840 3.865 3.918 3.921 1990-2013 Connecticut 3.943 3.943 4.038 4.064 4.119 4.104 1990-2013 Maine 3.559 3.558 3.584 3.626 3.658 3.688 1990-2013 Massachusetts 3.813 3.822 3.896 3.897 3.963 3.971 1990-2013 New Hampshire 3.619 3.621 3.671 3.718 3.787 3.793 1990-2013 Rhode Island 3.835 3.875 3.925 3.949 4.0 3.992 1990-2013 Vermont 3.575 3.575 3.682 3.710 3.734 3.716 1990-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.859 3.867 3.933 3.965 3.996 3.987 1990-2013 Delaware 3.668 3.667 3.728 3.774 3.786 3.802 1990-2013 District of Columbia 4.402 4.426 4.461 4.580 4.581 4.573 1990-2013

166

Skyscrapers and District Heating, an inter-related History 1876-1933.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the United States in the late 1850s.1 A district heating system produces energy in a boiler plant - steam and electricity. This system needs a heavy infrastructure - boiler plant, pumps, and mains laid out beneath of skyscrapers is well-known;3 but the history of district heating systems less well known, this article

Boyer, Edmond

167

"Potential for Combined Heat and Power and District Heating and Cooling from Waste-to-Energy Facilities in the U.S. Learning from the Danish Experience"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used for the generation of electricity. The advantages of district heating using WTE plants are heating and cooling system in Indianapolis. However, there are few U.S. hot water district heating systems,800 district heating and cooling systems, providing 320 million MWh of thermal energy. Currently, 28 of the 88

Shepard, Kenneth

168

Insulated dipole antennas for heating oil shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Insulated dipole antennas in the HF band are potentially useful in heating shale i n s i t u to extract oil. To help evaluate the efficiency of such antennas the spatial distribution of the power absorbed per unit volume in the shale is computed.

John P. Casey; Rajeev Bansal

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

170

Heat of combustion of Green River oil shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heat of combustion of Green River oil shale ... AMSO’s Novel Approach to In-Situ Oil Shale Recovery ... AMSO’s Novel Approach to In-Situ Oil Shale Recovery ...

Michael J. Muehlbauer; Alan K. Burnham

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a renewable heating oil substitution  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Two-day agenda from the workshop: Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a renewable heating oil substitution fuel in New England.

172

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for district heating was examined in terms of a total (regional) system and two subsystems of overlapping scales. The basis of the economic analysis of district heating was that the utility's electric and gas customers would not be economically burdened by the implementation of district heating, and that any incremental costs due to district heating (e.g. district heating capital and operating costs, replacement electric power, abandonment of unamortized gas mains) would be charged to district heating customers.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Performance investigation of two geothermal district heating systems for building applications: Energy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energetic performance of Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS) and Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS) installed in Turkey is investigated for building applications in this study. The essential components (e.g., pumps, heat exchangers) of these geothermal district heating systems are also included in the modeling. The present model is employed for system analysis and energetic performance evaluation of the geothermal district heating systems. Energy flow diagrams are drawn to exhibit the input and output energies and losses to the surroundings by using the 2003 and 2004 heating season actual data. In addition, energy efficiencies are studied for comparison purposes, and are found to be 39.36% for BGDHS and 59.31% for SGDHS, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating/Cooling Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating solution is developed as a promising working fluid for district heating/cooling systems (DHCs). It can systems. A promising application of DR fluids is in district heating/ cooling systems (DHCs)9

Raghavan, Srinivasa

176

Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes Jaschke, Helge Smedsrud, Sigurd Skogestad*, Henrik Manum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes J¨aschke, Helge@chemeng.ntnu.no off-line. This systematic approach is here applied to a waste incineration plant for district heating. In district heating networks, operators usually wish to ob- tain the lowest possible return temperature

Skogestad, Sigurd

177

Process for heating coal-oil slurries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Controlling gas to slurry volume ratio to achieve a gas holdup of about 0.4 when heating a flowing coal-oil slurry and a hydrogen containing gas stream allows operation with virtually any coal to solvent ratio and permits operation with efficient heat transfer and satisfactory pressure drops. The critical minimum gas flow rate for any given coal-oil slurry will depend on numerous factors such as coal concentration, coal particle size distribution, composition of the solvent (including recycle slurries), and type of coal. Further system efficiency can be achieved by operating with multiple heating zones to provide a high heat flux when the apparent viscosity of the gas saturated slurry is highest. Operation with gas flow rates below the critical minimum results in system instability indicated by temperature excursions in the fluid and at the tube wall, by a rapid increase and then decrease in overall pressure drop with decreasing gas flow rate, and by increased temperature differences between the temperature of the bulk fluid and the tube wall. At the temperatures and pressures used in coal liquefaction preheaters the coal-oil slurry and hydrogen containing gas stream behaves essentially as a Newtonian fluid at shear rates in excess of 150 sec[sup [minus]1]. The gas to slurry volume ratio should also be controlled to assure that the flow regime does not shift from homogeneous flow to non-homogeneous flow. Stable operations have been observed with a maximum gas holdup as high as 0.72. 29 figs.

Braunlin, W.A.; Gorski, A.; Jaehnig, L.J.; Moskal, C.J.; Naylor, J.D.; Parimi, K.; Ward, J.V.

1984-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

178

Process for heating coal-oil slurries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Controlling gas to slurry volume ratio to achieve a gas holdup of about 0.4 when heating a flowing coal-oil slurry and a hydrogen containing gas stream allows operation with virtually any coal to solvent ratio and permits operation with efficient heat transfer and satisfactory pressure drops. The critical minimum gas flow rate for any given coal-oil slurry will depend on numerous factors such as coal concentration, coal particle size distribution, composition of the solvent (including recycle slurries), and type of coal. Further system efficiency can be achieved by operating with multiple heating zones to provide a high heat flux when the apparent viscosity of the gas saturated slurry is highest. Operation with gas flow rates below the critical minimum results in system instability indicated by temperature excursions in the fluid and at the tube wall, by a rapid increase and then decrease in overall pressure drop with decreasing gas flow rate, and by increased temperature differences between the temperature of the bulk fluid and the tube wall. At the temperatures and pressures used in coal liquefaction preheaters the coal-oil slurry and hydrogen containing gas stream behaves essentially as a Newtonian fluid at shear rates in excess of 150 sec.sup. -1. The gas to slurry volume ratio should also be controlled to assure that the flow regime does not shift from homogeneous flow to non-homogeneous flow. Stable operations have been observed with a maximum gas holdup as high as 0.72.

Braunlin, Walter A. (Spring, TX); Gorski, Alan (Lovington, NM); Jaehnig, Leo J. (New Orleans, LA); Moskal, Clifford J. (Oklahoma City, OK); Naylor, Joseph D. (Houston, TX); Parimi, Krishnia (Allison Park, PA); Ward, John V. (Arvada, CO)

1984-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

179

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Energy Offices State Energy Offices Q1: What price should be reported to EIA when submitting weekly data? EIA requests that you collect / report the residential credit price (keep-full prices being preferred) and that all prices exclude taxes for the Monday of each survey week, even if that Monday falls on a holiday. Prices should not include discounts for payment of cash or for payment made within a short period of time. However, if a company deals exclusively in cash, then this price should be reported and noted in the file sent to EIA. Q2: When is this data due to EIA each week? The EIA-877 "Winter Heating Fuels Telephone Survey" will begin the first Monday in October. Data should be submitted to EIA as soon as they are available but no later than noon on Tuesday of each week. Data collection

180

Energy recovery from waste incineration: Assessing the importance of district heating networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste incineration contributes with 20% of the heat supplied to the more than 400 district heating networks in Denmark. In evaluation of the environmental consequences of this heat production, the typical approach has been to assume that other (fossil) fuels could be saved on a 1:1 basis (e.g. 1 GJ of waste heat delivered substitutes for 1 GJ of coal-based heat). This paper investigates consequences of waste-based heat substitution in two specific Danish district heating networks and the energy-associated interactions between the plants connected to these networks. Despite almost equal electricity and heat efficiencies at the waste incinerators connected to the two district heating networks, the energy and CO{sub 2} accounts showed significantly different results: waste incineration in one network caused a CO{sub 2} saving of 48 kg CO{sub 2}/GJ energy input while in the other network a load of 43 kg CO{sub 2}/GJ. This was caused mainly by differences in operation mode and fuel types of the other heat producing plants attached to the networks. The paper clearly indicates that simple evaluations of waste-to-energy efficiencies at the incinerator are insufficient for assessing the consequences of heat substitution in district heating network systems. The paper also shows that using national averages for heat substitution will not provide a correct answer: local conditions need to be addressed thoroughly otherwise we may fail to assess correctly the heat recovery from waste incineration.

Fruergaard, T.; Christensen, T.H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Astrup, T., E-mail: tha@env.dtu.d [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Energy Efficient Integration of Heat Pumps into Solar District Heating Systems with Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar district heating (SDH) with seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) is a technology to provide heat for space heating and domestic hot water preparation with a high fraction of renewable energy. In order to improve the efficiency of such systems heat pumps can be integrated. By preliminary studies it was discovered, that the integration of a heat pump does not always lead to improvements from an overall energy perspective, although the operation of the heat pump increases the efficiency of other components of the system e. g. the STES or the solar collectors. Thus the integration of heat pumps in SDH systems was investigated in detail. Usually, the heat pumps are integrated in such a way, that the STES is used as low temperature heat source. No other heat sources from the ambience are used and only that amount of energy consumed by the heat pump is additionally fed into the system. In the case of an electric driven heat pump, this is highly questionable concerning economic and CO2-emission aspects. Despite that fact the operation of the heat pump influences positively the performance of other components in the system e. g. the STES and makes them more efficient. If the primary energy consumption of the heat pump is lower than the energetic benefits of all other components, the integration makes sense from an energetic point of view. A detailed assessment has been carried out to evaluate the most promising system configurations for the integration of a heat pump. Based on this approach a system concept was developed in which the integration of the heat pump is energetically further improved compared to realised systems. By means of transient system simulations this concept was optimised with regard to the primary energy consumption. A parameter study of this new concept has been performed to identify the most sensitive parameters of the system. The main result and conclusion are that higher solar fractions and also higher primary energy savings can be achieved by SDH systems using heat pumps compared systems without heat pumps.

Roman Marx; Dan Bauer; Harald Drueck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Emissions characteristics of modern oil heating equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last 10 years there have been some very interesting developments in oil heating. These include higher static pressure burners, air atomizing nozzles, low firing rate nozzles, low heat loss combustion chambers and condensing boilers and furnaces. The current data base on the emissions characteristics of oil-fired residential heating equipment is based primarily on data taken in the 1970's. The objective of the work described in this report is to evaluate the effects of recent developments in oil-fired equipment on emissions. Detailed emissions measurements have been made on a number of currently available residential oil burners and whole systems selected to represent recent development trends. Some additional data was taken with equipment which is in the prototype stage. These units are a prevaporizing burner and a retention head burner modified with an air atomizing nozzle. Measurements include No{sub x}, smoke numbers, CO, gas phase hydrocarbon emissions and particulate mass emission rates. Emissions of smoke, CO and hydrocarbons were found to be significantly greater under cyclic operation for all burners tested. Generally, particulate emission rates were found to be 3 to 4 times greater in cyclic operation than in steady state. Air atomized burners were found to be capable of operation at much lower excess air levels than pressure atomized burners without producing significant amounts of smoke. As burner performance is improved, either through air atomization or prevaporization of the fuel, there appears to be a general trend towards producing CO at lower smoke levels as excess air is decreased. The criteria of adjusting burners for trace smoke may need to be abandoned for advanced burners and replaced with an adjustment for specific excess air levels. 17 refs., 15 figs., 6 tabs.

Krajewski, R.; Celebi, Y.; Coughlan, R.; Butcher, T.; McDonald, R.J.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Retro-Commissioning and Improvement for District Heating and Cooling System Using Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to improve the energy performance of a district heating and cooling (DHC) system, retro-commissioning was analyzed using visualization method and simulation based on mathematical models, and improved operation schemes were proposed...

Shingu, H.; Nakajima, R.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

4th Generation District Heating (4GDH): Integrating smart thermal grids into future sustainable energy systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating (4GDH) including the relations to District Cooling and the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids. The motive is to identify the future challenges of reaching a future renewable non-fossil heat supply as part of the implementation of overall sustainable energy systems. The basic assumption is that district heating and cooling has an important role to play in future sustainable energy systems – including 100 percent renewable energy systems – but the present generation of district heating and cooling technologies will have to be developed further into a new generation in order to play such a role. Unlike the first three generations, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as being an integrated part of the operation of smart energy systems, i.e. integrated smart electricity, gas and thermal grids.

Henrik Lund; Sven Werner; Robin Wiltshire; Svend Svendsen; Jan Eric Thorsen; Frede Hvelplund; Brian Vad Mathiesen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

DOE Seeks Commercial Storage for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE Seeks Commercial Storage for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve March 14, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy, through its agent, DLA Energy, has issued a solicitation for new contracts to store two million barrels of ultra low sulfur distillate for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve in New York Harbor and New England. Offers are due no later than 9:00 a.m. EDT on March 29, 2011. Of the U.S. households that use heating oil to heat their homes, 69% reside in the Northeast. The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve was established by the Energy Policy Act of 2000 to provide an emergency buffer that can supplement commercial fuel supplies in the event of an actual or imminent severe supply disruption. The Reserve can provide supplemental supplies for

186

Economics of power plant district and process heating in Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The economic feasibility of utilizing hot water from nuclear reactors to provide district heating for private residences in Richland, Washington, and space and process heating for nearby offices, part of the Hanford Reservation, and the Lamb-Weston potato processing plant is assessed. Specifically, the practicality of using hot water from the Washington Public Power Supply System's WNP-1 reactor, which is currently under construction on the Hanford Reservation, just north of the City of Richland is established. World-wide experience with district heating systems and the advantages of using these systems are described. The GEOCITY computer model used to calculate district heating costs is described and the assumptions upon which the costs are based are presented. District heating costs for the city of Richland, process heating costs for the Lamb-Weston potato processing plant, district heating costs for the Horn Rapids triangle area, and process heating costs for the 300 and 3000 areas are discussed. An economic analysis is discussed and institutional restraints are summarized. (MCW)

Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Exergy analysis of two geothermal district heating systems for building applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study evaluates the exergetic performance of two local Turkish geothermal district heating systems through exergy analysis. The exergy destructions in these geothermal district heating systems are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagrams for a reference temperature of 1 °C using the 2003 and 2004 actual seasonal heating data. The results indicate that the exergy destructions in these systems particularly occur due to losses in pump, heat exchangers, pipelines, and the reinjection of thermal water. Exergy efficiencies of the two systems are investigated for the system performance analysis and improvement and are determined to be 42.89% and 59.58%, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Piping network design of geothermal district heating systems: Case study for a university campus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geothermal district heating system design consists of two parts: heating system and piping network design. District heating system design and a case study for a university campus is given in Yildirim et al. [1] in detail. In this study, piping network design optimisation is evaluated based on heat centre location depending upon the cost and common design parameters of piping networks which are pipe materials, target pressure loss (TPL) per unit length of pipes and installation type. Then a case study for the same campus is presented.

Nurdan Yildirim; Macit Toksoy; Gulden Gokcen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Study on Performance Verification and Evaluation of District Heating and Cooling System Using Thermal Energy of River Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 16, 2014 NIKKEN SEKKEI Research Institute Naoki Takahashi Study on Performance Verification and Evaluation of District Heating and Cooling System Using Thermal Energy of River Water ESL-IC-14-09-19 Proceedings of the 14th International... of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 District heating and cooling system in Nakanoshima 4 Characteristics of heat supply plant in Nakanoshima district -River water is utilized as heat...

Takahashi,N.; Niwa, H.; Kawano,M.; Koike,K.; Koga,O.; Ichitani, K.; Mishima,N.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating...

191

Geothermal district heating applications in Turkey: a case study of Izmir–Balcova  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey is located on the Mediterranean sector of the Alpine–Himalayan Tectonic Belt and is among the first seven countries in abundance of geothermal resources around the world. However, the share of its potential used is only about 2%. This means that considerable studies on geothermal energy could be conducted in order to increase the energy supply and to reduce atmospheric pollution in Turkey. The main objective in doing the present study is twofold, namely: (a) to overview the status and future aspects of geothermal district heating applications in Turkey and (b) to present the Izmir–Balcova geothermal district heating system, which is one example of the high temperature district heating applications in Turkey. The first geothermal heating application was applied in 1981 to the Izmir–Balcova thermal facilities, where the downhole heat exchanger was also used for the first time. Besides this, the first city based geothermal district heating system has been operated in Balikesir–Gonen since 1987. Recently, the total installed capacity has reached 820 \\{MWt\\} for direct use. An annual average growth of 23% of the residences connected to geothermal district heating systems has been achieved since 1983 in the country, representing a decrease of 5% in the last three years. Present applications have shown that in Turkey, geothermal energy is much cheaper than the other energy sources, like fossil fuels, and can make a significant contribution towards reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.

A Hepbasli; C Canakci

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Applying Bayesian Forecasting to Predict New Customers' Heating Oil Demand.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a new forecasting technique that estimates energy demand by applying a Bayesian approach to forecasting. We introduce our Bayesian Heating Oil Forecaster… (more)

Sakauchi, Tsuginosuke

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational heating systems for load and demand side management and operational optimisation Simple modeller and demand side management and operational optimisation © 2004 by the authors, Department of Mechanical

194

Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all Petroleum Reports all Petroleum Reports Heating Oil and Propane Update Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season, which extends from October through March. U.S. Heating Oil and Propane Prices Residential Heating Oil Graph. Residential Propane Graph. change from change from Heating Oil 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Propane 12/16/2013 week ago year ago Residential 3.952 values are down 0.004 values are down 0.008 Residential 2.712 values are up 0.091 values are up 0.469 Wholesale 3.074 values are down 0.063 values are not available NA Wholesale 1.637 values are up 0.113 values are not available NA Note: Price in dollars per gallon, excluding taxes. Values shown on the graph and corresponding data pages for the previous week may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections.

195

DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve May 24, 2007 - 4:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it will sell approximately 35,000 barrels of home heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). The Reserve's current 5-year storage contracts expire on September 30, 2007 and market conditions have caused new storage costs to rise to a level that exceeds available funds. Revenue from the sale will be used to supplement funds for the award of new long-term storage contracts that will begin on October 1, 2007. The Department will work with Congress to resolve these funding issues in order

196

DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve May 24, 2007 - 4:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it will sell approximately 35,000 barrels of home heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). The Reserve's current 5-year storage contracts expire on September 30, 2007 and market conditions have caused new storage costs to rise to a level that exceeds available funds. Revenue from the sale will be used to supplement funds for the award of new long-term storage contracts that will begin on October 1, 2007. The Department will work with Congress to resolve these funding issues in order to restore the inventory of the Reserve to its full authorized size.

197

Table 5a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu) District Heat Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 94 429 84 93 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 18 Q Q Q 5,001 to 10,000 11 Q Q Q 10,001 to 25,000 28 65 144 155 25,001 to 50,000 16 Q Q Q 50,001 to 100,000 9 50 79 81 100,001 to 200,000 6 59 76 79 200,001 to 500,000 5 109 71 77 Over 500,000 1 65 62 80 Principal Building Activity Education 22 50 71 78 Food Sales and Service Q Q Q Q Health Care 3 57 100 142 Lodging 9 66 112 116 Mercantile and Service 9 Q Q Q Office 24 110 63 70 Public Assembly 10 23 64 66 Public Order and Safety Q Q Q Q Religious Worship Q Q Q Q Warehouse and Storage

198

Table 5b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu) District Heat Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 11 16 16 16 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 27 78 76 76 5,001 to 10,000 38 60 51 51 10,001 to 25,000 18 43 36 35 25,001 to 50,000 24 68 51 51 50,001 to 100,000 18 40 30 30 100,001 to 200,000 27 33 35 36 200,001 to 500,000 22 31 26 27 Over 500,000 42 26 14 10 Principal Building Activity Education 17 29 22 23 Food Sales and Service 67 93 207 150 Health Care 35 26 25 14 Lodging 30 40 30 29 Mercantile and Service 40 74 59 58 Office 23 28 26 27 Public Assembly 25 33 25 26 Public Order and Safety

199

Retorting Oil Shale by a Self-Heating Route  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Retorting is a frequently used method for producing shale oil from oil shale. During retorting, heat is usually supplied to the retort by heat-carrier gas of high temperature, such as 700 °C, until retorting ends. In this work, a low-energy-input ...

Hongfan Guo; Siyuan Peng; Jiadong Lin; Jiang Chang; Shan Lei; Tianbo Fan; Yunyi Liu

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

200

Prospects for District Heating in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...steam-electric plants. D Syngas plants E Oil steam-electric...Syncrude burned at 63% efficiency Syngas burned at 75% efficiency...efficiencies of75 percent for gas burners and 63 percent for oil burners and mid-1975 prices of energy...

J. Karkheck; J. Powell; E. Beardsworth

1977-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Warm Winters Held Heating Oil Demand Down While Diesel Grew  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: To understand the inventory situation, we must look the balance between demand and supply that drives inventories up or down. First consider demand. Most of the remaining charts deal with total distillate demand. Total distillate demand includes both diesel and heating oil. These are similar products physically, and prior to the low sulfur requirements for on-road diesel fuel, were used interchangeably. But even today, low sulfur diesel can be used in the heating oil market, but low sulfur requirements keep heating oil from being used in the on-road transportation sector. The seasonal increases and decreases in stocks stem from the seasonal demand in heating oil shown as the bottom red line. Heating oil demand increases by more than 50 percent from its low point to its high

202

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services » Petroleum Reserves » Heating Oil Reserve » Northeast Services » Petroleum Reserves » Heating Oil Reserve » Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System The U.S. Department of Energy has developed an on-line bidding system - an anonymous auction program - for the sale of product from the one million barrel Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve. We invite prospective bidders and other interested parties to try out this system and give us your views. You must register to use the system to practice or to participate in an actual emergency sale. Registration assures that you will receive e-mail alerts of sales or other pertinent news. You will also have the opportunity to establish a user ID and password to submit bids. If you establish a user ID, you will receive a temporary password by

203

EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

204

District Heating and Cooling feasibility study, Salt Lake City, Utah: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study of District Heating and Cooling Feasibility for Salt Lake City, Utah. The study assesses District Heating and Cooling (DHC) and develops a conceptual district system for Salt Lake City. In assessing District Heating and Cooling in Salt Lake City, the system conceived is evaluated to determine whether it is technically and economically viable. To determine technical viability, aspects such as implementation, pipe routing, and environmental restrictions are reviewed to foresee any technical problems that would arise as a result of DHC. To determine economic feasibility, the conceived system is priced to determine the capital cost to construct, and modeled in an economic analysis using anticipated operating and fuel costs to produce the required revenue necessary to run the system. Technical and Economic feasibility are predicated on many variables, including heating and cooling load, pipe routing, system implementation, and fuel costs. These variables have been investigated and demonstrate a substantial potential for DHC in Salt Lake City. Areas of consideration include the Downtown Area, Metropolitan Hall of Justice and surrounding area, and the Hotel District.

Not Available

1988-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

205

District Heating and Cooling Feasiblity Study, Salt Lake City, Utah: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study of District Heating and Cooling Feasibility for Salt Lake City, Utah. The study assesses District Heating and Cooling (DHC) and develops a conceptual district system for Salt Lake city. In assessing District Heating and Cooling in Salt Lake City, the system conceived is evaluated to determine whether it is technically and economically viable. To determine technical viability, aspects such as implementation, pipe routing, and environmental restrictions are reviewed to foresee any technical problems that would arise as a result of DHC. To determine economic feasibility, the conceived system is priced to determine the capital cost to construct, and modeled in an economic analysis using anticipated operating and fuel costs to produce the required revenue necessary to run the system. Technical and Economic feasibility are predicated on many variables, including heating and cooling load, pipe routing, system implementation, and fuel costs. These variables have been investigated and demonstrate a substantial potential for DHC in Salt Lake City. Areas of consideration include the Downtown Area, Metropolitan Hall of Justice and surrounding area, and the Hotel District.

Not Available

1988-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

206

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Tok School's use of a biomass combined heat and power system is helping the school to save on energy costs.

207

Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The  installation, upgrade and operation of any petroleum UST (>110 gallons) or hazardous substance UST System, including heating oil tanks over 1,100 gallons capacity in the District requires a...

208

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal) Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal) Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Maximum Rebate $500 per year Program Info Start Date 01/01/2008 State Maryland Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount $0.03/gallon of biodiesel Provider Revenue Administration Division Maryland allows individuals and corporations to take an income tax credit of $0.03/gallon for purchases of biodiesel used for space heating or water heating. The maximum credit is $500 per year. It may not be refunded or carried over to subsequent years. In order to qualify for the tax credit, the heating oil must be at least 5% biodiesel sourced from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved feedstocks or be accepted

209

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Corporate) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Corporate) Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Corporate) Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Maximum Rebate $500 per year Program Info Start Date 01/01/2008 State Maryland Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount $0.03/gallon Provider Revenue Administration Division Maryland allows individuals and corporations to take an income tax credit of $0.03/gallon for purchases of biodiesel used for space heating or water heating. The maximum credit is $500 per year. It may not be refunded or carried over to subsequent years. In order to qualify for the tax credit, the heating oil must be at least 5% biodiesel sourced from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved feedstocks or be accepted

210

Conductivity heating a subterranean oil shale to create permeability and subsequently produce oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an improvement in a process in which oil is produced from a subterranean oil shale deposit by extending at least one each of heat-injecting and fluid-producing wells into the deposit, establishing a heat-conductive fluid-impermeable barrier between the interior of each heat-injecting well and the adjacent deposit, and then heating the interior of each heat-injecting well at a temperature sufficient to conductively heat oil shale kerogen and cause pyrolysis products to form fractures within the oil shale deposit through which the pyrolysis products are displaced into at least one production well. The improvement is for enhancing the uniformity of the heat fronts moving through the oil shale deposit. Also described is a process for exploiting a target oil shale interval, by progressively expanding a heated treatment zone band from about a geometric center of the target oil shale interval outward, such that the formation or extension of vertical fractures from the heated treatment zone band to the periphery of the target oil shale interval is minimized.

Van Meurs, P.; DeRouffignac, E.P.; Vinegar, H.J.; Lucid, M.F.

1989-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

211

Year/PAD District Alkylates Aromatics Road Oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alkylates Alkylates Aromatics Road Oil and Lubricants Petroleum Coke (MMcfd) Hydrogen Sulfur (short tons/day) Production Capacity Asphalt Isomers Marketable Table 7. Operable Production Capacity of Petroleum Refineries, January 1, 1981 to January 1, 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) a JAN 1, 1981 974 299 765 131 234 276 2,054 NA JAN 1, 1982 984 290 740 162 242 267 1,944 NA JAN 1, 1983 960 237 722 212 241 296 2,298 NA JAN 1, 1984 945 218 800 208 241 407 2,444 NA JAN 1, 1985 917 215 767 219 243 424 2,572 NA JAN 1, 1986 941 276 804 258 246 356 2,357 NA JAN 1, 1987 974 287 788 326 250 364 2,569 23,806 JAN 1, 1988 993 289 788 465 232 368 2,418 27,639 JAN 1, 1989 1,015 290 823 469 230 333 2,501 28,369 JAN 1, 1990 1,030 290 844 456 232 341 2,607 24,202

212

Potential of vegetable oils as a domestic heating fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence on imported oil for domestic heating has led to the examination of other potential fuel substitutes. One potential fuel is some form of vegetable oil, which could be a yearly-renewable fuel. In Western Canada, canola has become a major oilseed crop; in Eastern Canada, sunflowers increasingly are becoming a source for a similar oil; for this reason, the Canadian Combustion Research Laboratory (CCRL) has chosen these oils for experimentation. Trials have been conducted in a conventional warm air oil furnace, fitted with a flame retention head burner. Performance has been measured with pure vegetable oils as well as a series of blends with conventional No. 2 oil. The effects of increased fuel pressure and fuel preheating are established. Emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned hydrocarbons and particulates are given for both steady state and cyclic operation. Canola oil cannot be fired in cyclic operation above 50:50 blends with No. 2 oil. At any level above a 10% blend, canola is difficult to burn, even with significant increased pressure and temperature. Sunflower oil is much easier to burn and can be fired as a pure fuel, but with high emissions of incomplete combustion products. An optimum blend of 50:50 sunflower in No. 2 oil yields emissions and performance similar to No. 2 oil. This blend offers potential as a means of reducing demand of imported crude oil for domestic heating systems.

Hayden, A.C.S.; Begin, E.; Palmer, C.E.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumpsand Ground Source Water Loops  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Improve the indoor air quality and lower the cost of cooling and heating the buildings that make up the campus of Cedarville High School and Middle School.; Provide jobs; and reduce requirements of funds for the capital budget of the School District; and thus give relief to taxpayers in this rural region during a period of economic recession.

214

Energy efficiency improvements utilising mass flow control and a ring topology in a district heating network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heating and cooling have a major role in the energy sector, covering 46% of total final energy use worldwide. District heating (DH) is a significant technology for improving the energy efficiency of heating systems in communities, because it enables waste heat sources to be utilised economically and therefore significantly reduces the environmental impacts of power generation. As a result of new and more stringent construction regulations for buildings, the heat demands of individual buildings are decreasing and more energy-efficient heating systems have to be developed. In this study, the energy efficiency of a new DH system which includes both a new control system called mass flow control and a new network design called a ring network is examined. A topology in the Helsinki region is studied by using a commercial DH network modelling tool, Grades Heating. The district heating network is attached to a wood-burning heat station which has a heat recovery system in use. Examination is performed by means of both technical and economic analysis. The new non-linear temperature programme that is required is adopted for supply and return temperatures, which allows greater temperature cooling and smaller flow rates. Lower district heating water temperatures are essential when reducing the heat losses in the network and heat production. Mass flow control allows smaller pressure drops in the network and thus reduces the pumping power. The aim of this study was to determine the most energy-efficient DH water supply temperatures in the case network. If the ring network design is utilised, the district heating system is easier to control. As a result the total heat consumption within the heating season is reduced compared to traditional DH systems. On the basis of the results, the new DH system is significantly more energy-efficient in the case network that was examined than the traditional design. For example, average energy losses within the constraints (which consist of heat losses, pumping energy, and surplus energy from the heat recovery system) are reduced from 4.4% to 3.1%.

Tatu Laajalehto; Maunu Kuosa; Tapio Mäkilä; Markku Lampinen; Risto Lahdelma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The stimulation of heavy oil reservoirs with electrical resistance heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-307. Stuckey, W. D. : "A Study of the Pyrolysis of Oil Shale By Microwave Heating, " MS Thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder (1977). Bridges, J. E. , Taflove, A. , and Snow, R. H. : eNet Energy Recoveries for the In-Situ Dielectric Heating of Oil Shales..., w Proc. 1978 Oil Shale Symposium, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Apr. 12-14. Solomon, B. : "Shale Oil Via Microwaves: Illinois Institute Says Yes, e Energy Daily (May 1978) 2-4; Energy Abstr. Policy Anal. (Nov. 1978) 831. Snowi R H i et. el...

Baylor, Blake Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Performance investigation of the Afyon geothermal district heating system for building applications: Exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with an energy and exergy evaluation and modeling of geothermal district heating systems for their system analysis, performance evaluation and optimization. As a comprehensive case study, the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AFJET) in Afyon, Turkey is considered and actual thermal data are collected and employed for analysis. Using actual system data, an evaluation of the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, and exergy destructions in the system are conducted in this regard. This study is also conducted to show how energy and exergy efficiencies of the \\{GDHSs\\} will change with the reference temperature and how exergy losses will affect by the temperature difference between the geothermal resource and the supply temperature of the district heating distribution network. In addition, the negative effects of discharge waters of the AFJET are presented. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the entire AFJET are found to be 37.59% and 47.54%, respectively. The results are expected to be helpful to researchers and engineers in the area.

Ali Keçeba?; Muhammet Kayfeci; Engin Gedik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Substations for Decentralized Solar District Heating: Design, Performance and Energy Cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of solar district heating is gaining more and more interest, but, in some case the space available for the integration of solar collectors on the ground is limited and the use of decentralized systems is necessary. For decentralized solar district heating systems different hydraulic schemes at the substation level, with or without local use of solar energy, are possible. The present paper detailed an advanced study on decentralized solar district heating system using dynamic simulation software. Nine different hydraulic schemes for substations have been investigated with a return to return feed in. For each scheme many parameters that influence the performance of the solar installation have been studied such as the district heating network return temperature, the solar collector area and the type of solar collector (low temperature or high temperature solar collector). The comparison between the different hydraulic schemes is based on thermal efficiency but also on solar energy cost using the methodology of the Levelized Cost Of Energy (LCOE).

Cedric Paulus; Philippe Papillon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description The Project will result in the construction of the largest ground source geothermal-based closed loop GHP heating and cooling system in America. Phase I of the Project began with the design, competitive bidding, and contract award for the drilling and "looping" of 1,800 boreholes in sports fields and parking lots on the north side of campus. The components of the entire Project include: (1) 4,100 four hundred feet deep boreholes spread over about 25 acres of sport fields and parking lots (Phase I will involve 1,800 boreholes spread over about 8 acres); (2) Each Phase will require a district energy station (about 9,000 sq. feet) that will each contain (A) two 2,500 ton heat pump chillers (which can produce 150 degree (F) water for heating purposes and 42 degree (F) water for cooling purposes); and (B) a variety of water pumps, electrical and other control systems; (3) a closed loop piping system that continuously circulates about 20,000 gallons of water (no anti-freeze) per minute through the boreholes, energy stations, a (two pipe) hot water loop and a (two pipe) chilled water loop (no water is drawn from the aquifer at any point in the operation); and (4) hot/chilled water-to-air heat exchangers in each of the buildings.

219

Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems May 30, 2012 - 5:41pm Addthis Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. If you plan to buy a new heating system, ask your local utility or state energy office about the latest technologies on the market. For example, many newer models have designs for burners and heat exchangers that are more efficient during operation and cut heat loss when the equipment is off. Consider a sealed-combustion furnace -- they are safer and more efficient. Long-Term Savings Tip Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. Look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels to compare efficiency and

220

Geothermal energy and district heating in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents the possibilities for using shallow geothermal energy for heating purposes in Ny-Ålesund. The current energy supply in Ny-Ålesund is a diesel generator,… (more)

Iversen, Julianne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DOE Awards Storage Contracts for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Awards Storage Contracts for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Awards Storage Contracts for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE Awards Storage Contracts for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve August 18, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that new contracts have been awarded for commercial storage of 650,000 barrels of ultra low sulfur distillate (ULSD) for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). Awards were made to two companies for storage in New England--Hess Corporation in Groton, CT for 400,000 barrels, and Global Companies LLC in Revere, MA for 250,000 barrels. The procurement was conducted by the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA Energy), acting as the agent for DOE. Acquisition of storage services for an additional 350,000 barrels is planned to complete the establishment of a

222

Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve September 30, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has completed the acquisition of commercial storage services for the one million barrel Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). Two awards totaling 350,000 barrels have been made to companies that had earlier received storage contracts totaling 650,000 barrels. Hess Corporation in Groton, CT has been awarded a second contract for 100,000 barrels, increasing its storage obligation to 500,000 barrels. Global Companies LLC in Revere, MA was awarded a second contract for 250,000 barrels, increasing its obligation to 500,000 barrels.

223

PADD 1 (East Coast) Heating Oil Stocks Low  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The East Coast (PADD 1) is the primary heating oil region, and it depends heavily on production from the Gulf Coast (PADD 3) as well. The biggest decline in U.S. stocks has taken place in the heating oil markets of PADD 1 (East Coast), which consumed 86 percent of the nation’s heating oil in 1998. It also is the region with the largest volume of heating oil stocks. PADD 1 was down over 8.4 million barrels on January 21 from the 5-year average stock level for end of January PADD 3, which supplies PADD 1, was down 4.6 million barrels from its 5-year January ending levels. During the week ending January 21, weather in New England was nearly 20% colder than normal for this time of year. This cold weather on top of low stocks was pushing prices up, with

224

Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Additional Storage Contracts Awarded for Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve September 30, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has completed the acquisition of commercial storage services for the one million barrel Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). Two awards totaling 350,000 barrels have been made to companies that had earlier received storage contracts totaling 650,000 barrels. Hess Corporation in Groton, CT has been awarded a second contract for 100,000 barrels, increasing its storage obligation to 500,000 barrels. Global Companies LLC in Revere, MA was awarded a second contract for 250,000 barrels, increasing its obligation to 500,000 barrels.

225

Heat of combustion of retorted and burnt Colorado oil shale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heats of combustion were measured for 12 samples of retorted and 21 samples of burnt Colorado oil shale originating from raw shales with grades that ranged from 13 to 255 cm/sup 3/ of shale oil/kg of oil shale. For the retorted shales, the authors resolve the heat of combustion into exothermic contributions from combustion of carbon residue and iron sulfides and endothermic contributions from carbonate decomposition and glass formation. Eight samples reported in the literature were included in this analysis. Variations in the first three constituents account for over 99% of the variation in the heats of combustion. For the burnt shales, account must also be taken of the partial conversion of iron sulfides to sulfates. Equations are developed for calculating the heat of combustion of retorted and burnt oil shale with a standard error of about 60 J/g. 13 refs.

Burnham, A.K.; Crawford, P.C.; Carley, J.F.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Heat of combustion of retorted and burnt Colorado oil shale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heats of combustion were measured for 12 samples of retorted and 21 samples of burnt Colorado oil shale originating from raw shales with grades that ranged from 13 to 255 cm/sup 3/ of shale oil/kg of oil shale. For the retorted shales, the heat of combustion was resolved into exothermic contributions from combustion of carbon residue and iron sulfides and endothermic contributions from carbonate decomposition and glass formation. Eight samples reported in the literature were included in this analysis. Variations in the first three constituents account for over 99% of the variation in the heats of combustion. For the burnt shales, account must also be taken of the partial conversion of iron sulfides to sulfates. Equations are developed for calculating the heat of combustion of retorted and burnt oil shale with a standard error of about 60 J/g.

Burnham, A.K.; Carley, J.F.; Crawford, P.C.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve- Guidelines for Release  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, sets conditions for the release of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve. The Secretary of Energy has the authority to sell, exchange, or...

228

Oil production response to in situ electrical resistance heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIL PRODUCTION RESPONSE TO I? SITU ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE HEATING A Thesis by FRED WILLIAM MCDOUGAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1987 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering OIL PRODUCTION RESPONSE TO IN SITV ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE HEATING A Thesis by FRED WILLIAM MCDOUGAL Approved to style and content by: R. A. Wattenbar (Chair of Commi ee) L. D. Piper (Member) D. D. Van...

McDougal, Fred William

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Low Temperature Direct Use District Heating Geothermal Facilities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating Geothermal Facilities Heating Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

230

Prospects for District Heating in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population, climate, and the insulation and floor space characteristics...systems received heat from thermal plants which employed large...5) were buried to the specifications of the cold water industry...adjusted to accommo-date the insulation cost and greater di-mensions...

J. Karkheck; J. Powell; E. Beardsworth

1977-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

231

State of Maine residential heating oil survey 2001-02 season summary [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This, as the title implies, is a summary report of the price trends for heating oil, propane and kerosene heating fuels for the heating season.

Elder, Betsy

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

232

Life Cycle Assessment of district heat production in a straw fired CHP plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to concerns about the sustainability of the energy sector, conversion of biomass to energy is increasing its hold globally. Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) is being adopted as an analytical tool to assess the environmental impacts in the entire cycle of biomass production and conversions to different products. This study deals with the LCIA of straw conversion to district heat in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant and in a district heating boiler (producing heat only). Environmental impact categories are Global Warming Potential (GWP), Acidification Potential (AP), aquatic and terrestrial Eutrophication Potential (EP) and Non-Renewable Energy (NRE) use. In the case of CHP, the co-produced electricity is assumed to displace the marginal Danish electricity mix. The current study showed that straw fired in the CHP plant would lead to a GWP of ?187 g CO2-eq, AP 0.01 m2 UES (un-protected ecosystem), aquatic EP 0.16 g NO3-eq, terrestrial EP 0.008 m2 UES, and NRE use ?0.14 MJ-primary per 1 MJ heat production. Straw conversion to heat in the CHP plant showed better environmental performances compared to the district heating boiler. Furthermore, removing straw from the field is related to the consequence e.g. decline in soil carbon sequestration, limiting soil nutrient availability, and when compared with natural gas the conversion of straw to heat would lead to a higher aquatic and terrestrial EP and AP. The study also outlays spaces for the detail sustainability assessment of straw conversion in a biorefinery and compare with the current study.

Ranjan Parajuli; Søren Løkke; Poul Alberg Østergaard; Marie Trydeman Knudsen; Jannick H. Schmidt?; Tommy Dalgaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Artificial neural network modeling of geothermal district heating system thought exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with an artificial neural network (ANN) modeling to predict the exergy efficiency of geothermal district heating system under a broad range of operating conditions. As a case study, the Afyonkarahisar geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Turkey is considered. The average daily actual thermal data acquired from the AGDHS in the 2009–2010 heating season are collected and employed for exergy analysis. An ANN modeling is developed based on backpropagation learning algorithm for predicting the exergy efficiency of the system according to parameters of the system, namely the ambient temperature, flow rate and well head temperature. Then, the recorded and calculated data conducted in the AGDHS at different dates are used for training the network. The results showed that the network yields a maximum correlation coefficient with minimum coefficient of variance and root mean square values. The results confirmed that the ANN modeling can be applied successfully and can provide high accuracy and reliability for predicting the exergy performance of geothermal district heating systems.

Ali Keçeba?; ?smail Yabanova; Mehmet Yumurtac?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Energy and exergy analysis of geothermal district heating systems: an application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study we present an energy and exergy assessment and modeling of geothermal district heating systems for their system analysis, performance evaluation and optimization. A comprehensive case study is conducted in Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS) in Izmir, Turkey and actual thermal data are collected and employed for analysis. Using actual system data, an assessment of the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, and exergy destructions in the system is conducted in this regard. The exergy destructions in the overall BGDHS are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagram. Furthermore, both energy and exergy flow diagrams are exhibited for comparison purposes. It is observed through analysis that the exergy destructions in the system particularly take place as the exergy of the fluid lost in the pumps, the heat exchanger losses, the exergy of the thermal water (geothermal fluid) reinjected and the natural direct discharge (hot water distribution losses) of the system, accounting for 1.64%, 8.57%, 14.84% and 28.96%, respectively, of the total exergy input to the BGDHS. For system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall BGDHS are investigated and are determined to be 41.9% and 46%, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Thermal monitoring and optimization of geothermal district heating systems using artificial neural network: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with determine the energy and exergy efficiencies and exergy destructions for thermal optimization of a geothermal district heating system by using artificial neural network (ANN) technique. As a comprehensive case study, the Afyonkarahisar geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyonkarahisar/Turkey is considered and its actual thermal data as of average weekly data are collected in heating seasons during the period 2006–2010 for ANN based monitoring and thermal optimization. The measured data and calculated values are used at the design of Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) based multi-layer perceptron (MLP) in Matlab program. The results of the study are described graphically. The results show that the developed model is found to quickly predict the thermal performance and exergy destructions of the AGDHS with good accuracy. In addition, two main factors play important roles in the thermal optimization: (i) ambient temperature and (ii) flow rates in energy distribution cycle of the AGDHS. Various cases are investigated to determine how to change the energy and exergy efficiencies of the AGDHS for the temperature and flow rate. Finally, a monitoring and performance evaluation of a geothermal district heating system and its components by ANN will reduce the losses and human involvement and make the system more effective and efficient.

Ali Keçeba?; ?smail Yabanova

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Experimental evaluation of radiator control based on primary supply temperature for district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate whether the primary supply temperature in district heating networks can be used to control radiator systems in buildings connected to district heating; with the purpose of increasing the ?T. The primary supply temperature in district heating systems can mostly be described as a function of outdoor temperature; similarly, the radiator supply temperature in houses, offices and industries can also be described as a function of outdoor temperature. To calibrate the radiator control system to produce an ideally optimal radiator supply temperature that produces a maximized ?T across the substation, the relationship between the primary supply temperature and outdoor temperature must be known. However, even if the relation is known there is always a deviation between the expected primary supply temperature and the actual temperature of the received distribution media. This deviation makes the radiator control system incapable of controlling the radiator supply temperature to a point that would generate a maximized ?T. Published simulation results show that it is possible and advantageous to utilize the primary supply temperature for radiator system control. In this paper, the simulation results are experimentally verified through implementation of the control method in a real district heating substation. The primary supply temperature is measured by the heat-meter and is shared with the radiator control system; thus no additional temperature sensors were needed to perform the experiments. However additional meters were installed for surveillance purposes. To maintain a stable indoor temperature at times when the primary supply and outdoor temperatures deviates from their assumed relation, the radiator system flow must be controlled by an additional control-loop. The results confirms that it is possible to control the radiator system based on the primary supply temperature while maintaining comfort; however, conclusions regarding improvements in ?T were hard to distinguish.

Jonas Gustafsson; Jerker Delsing; Jan van Deventer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Design of Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Crude Oil Pre-heat Trains G.T.Po]Jey B.L.Yeap D.I.Wilson M.H.Panjeh Shahi Pinchtechnology.com Dept of Chern. Engng. Dept. of Chern. Engng. University of Cambridge University of Tehran Pre-heat trains differ from most other heat... recovery networks in a number of important ways. Combination offactors gives rise to the need for a design procedure specific to pre heat trains. Outlining these factors, we first observe that one cold stream (the incoming crude) dominates the heat...

Polley, G. T.; Yeap, B. L.; Wilson, D. I.; Panjeh Shahi, M. H.

238

Assessment of district heating and cooling supply from Goudey Generating Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the feasibility analysis of retrofitting the New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG) Goudey Generating Station for district heating and cooling supply to the SUNY-Binghamton Campus. The project involved detailed analysis of the power plant retrofit, dispatch analysis of the retrofitted Goudey Station in the New York Power Pool, environmental and permitting assessment, retrofit analysis of the SUNY campus to low temperature hot water and economic analysis.

McIntire, M.E.; Hall, D.; Beal, D.J. [New York State Electric & Gas Corporation, Binghamton, NY (United States)] [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Finding of No Significant Impact for the I'SOT Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Coiorado 80401-3393 Coiorado 80401-3393 March 7, 2003 DOEEA-1460 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT For the IN SEARCH OF TRUTH CANBY DISTRICT HEATING PROJECT CANBY, MODOC COUNTY, CALIFORNIA AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, Golden Field Office ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an Environmental ,4ssessment (EA) of the In Search of Truth (I'SOT) Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California, to evaluate potential environmental impacts of project construction and operations for three years. DOE would provide partial fundin g, through its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), to I'SOT for the development and field verification of a small-scale, geothermal district heating system. Local district heating projects have the potential for widespread

240

Heating Oil Reserve | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Support Center issued a solicitation to companies willing to provide the storage tanks, heating stocks, or a combination. Contracts were awarded and, by October 13, 2000,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Coefficient of performance (COP) analysis of geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs): Salihli GDHS case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this survey is about to analyze the heating coefficient of performance (COP) of geothermal district heating systems. Actual system data are taken from the Salihli GDHS, Turkey. The collected data are quantified and illustrated in tables, particularly for a reference temperature for comparison purposes. In this study, firstly energy and COP analysis of the \\{GDHSs\\} is introduced and then Salihli GDHS coefficient of performance results is given as a case study. Moreover, this paper offers an interesting empirical study of certain geothermal systems.

Leyla Ozgener

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Economic analysis of exergy efficiency based control strategy for geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, the exergy efficiency based control strategy (ExEBCS) for exergy efficiency maximization in geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs) is economically evaluated. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in the city of Afyonkarahisar/Turkey is considered. Its actual thermal data as of average weekly data are collected in heating seasons during the period 2006–2010 for artificial neural network (ANN) modeling. The ANN modeling of the Afyon GDHS is used as a test system to demonstrate the effectiveness and economic impact of the ExEBCS under various operating conditions. Then, the ExEBCS is evaluated economically in case of application to real Afyon GDHS of the ExEBCS. The results show that the initial cost for the ExEBCS is more expensive than that for the old one by 6.33 kUS$/year as a result of replacing automatic controller. The saving in heat production makes the ExEBCS profitable by up to 7% of annual energy saving as a result of the increase in the heat production by 88% when the control system is operated. This results in a short payback period of 3.8 years. This study confirms that the use of ExEBCS in district heating systems (especially GDHS) is quite suitable.

Ali Keçeba?; ?smail Yabanova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

Hunton, G.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Increasing Oil Productivity Through Electromagnetic Induction Heat Generation of Salt Water as a Stimulant for Heavy Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brine is usually exist in the oil reservoir. Varying salinity brine are used as stimulants for heavy oil recovery processes using electromagnetic induction heating. The heated heavy oil is floating on top of the brine since it becomes less viscous and lighter. As the temperature increased more heavy oil is “produced/recovered”. An increasing salinity of brine will result in more recovery of heavy oil.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE Announces Award of a Contract to Repurchase Heating Oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve July 23, 2008 - 2:15pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced the award of a contract to Hess Corporation for the delivery of approximately 808,625 gallons (approximately 19,250 barrels) of home heating oil for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). The purchased oil is expected to be delivered to the Hess First Reserve terminal at Perth Amboy, NJ in New York Harbor later this week. The award resulted from a solicitation issued on June 23, 2008, to repurchase heating oil using $3 million in funds appropriated after the

246

Economic assessment of geothermal district heating systems: A case study of Balcova–Narlidere, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geothermal energy is an important renewable energy resource in Turkey. The aim of this research is to evaluate the Balcova–Narlidere geothermal district heating system from an economic perspective. The system is the largest one in Turkey in terms of heating capacity and located in Izmir. Although there are some assessments regarding energy and exergy analysis for the Balcova–Narlidere geothermal district heating system, an economic assessment was not performed, previously. The profitability of the investment is investigated by using internal rate of return method. Seven hundred and eighty different scenarios are developed in this assessment. In order to estimate the potential cash flows in the remaining project life, operating cost in 2002 is decreased and increased, alternatively, between 5% and 30% by 5% in each step, while monthly energy utilization price is changed between US$ 17 and 72 in those scenarios. The energy utilization prices are suggested according to zero IRR value for all scenarios due to the consideration of social and environmental concerns in this investment. It is found that, the proper monthly energy utilization price for a 100 m2 household would be US$ 55.5 when the operating cost and heating capacity in 2002 were remained constant.

Berkan Erdogmus; Macit Toksoy; Baris Ozerdem; Niyazi Aksoy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

NATCOR -Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATCOR - Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4.5 for heating to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce all three products. The octane level

Hall, Julian

248

Energetic, exergetic, economic and environmental evaluations of geothermal district heating systems: An application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with an energetic and exergetic analysis as well as economic and environmental evaluations of Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey. In the analysis, actual system data are used to assess the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, specific exergy index, exergetic improvement potential and exergy losses. And, for economic and environmental evaluations, actual data are obtained from the Technical Departments. The energy and exergy flow diagrams are clearly drawn to illustrate how much destructions/losses take place in addition to the inputs and outputs. For system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall AGDHS are determined to be 34.86% and 48.78%, respectively. The efficiency improvements in heat and power systems can help achieving energy security in an environmentally acceptable way by reducing the emissions that might otherwise occur. Present application has shown that in Turkey, geothermal energy is much cheaper than the other energy sources, like fossil fuels, and makes a significant contribution towards reducing the emissions of air pollution.

Ali Keçeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Investigation of some renewable energy and exergy parameters for two Geothermal District Heating Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, three new exergy parameters, namely total exergy destruction ratio, component exergy destruction ratio and dimensionless exergy destruction are introduced in addition to energetic renewability ratio, exergetic renewability ratio, energetic reinjection ratio and exergetic reinjection ratio, and compared for Edremit and Bigadic Geothermal District Heating Systems (GDHSs) based on their actual data. The respective daily graphs of these parameters are presented. Also, regression analyses using the actual data are performed to obtain some correlations for practical use. In brief, these parameters help us to identify the degree of renewability and other aspects and provide some insights.

C. Coskun; Z. Oktay; I. Dincer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Power Generation Using District Heat: Energy Efficient Retrofitted Plus-energy School Rostock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock/Germany is one of few schools which has been retrofitted as an Energy Plus building as part of the energy-efficient school research project “EnEff:Schule” sponsored by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology. The original building complex (build 1960, useful area 2200sqm) is being converted into a compact building by extending the main building with two new buildings connected by light-flooded buffer spaces. Both the existing building and the new buildings will be highly insulated. The low remaining heating demand will be covered using an innovative concept, made reasonable by the low primary energy factor of the district heat in Rostock: A small-scale Organic Rankine Cycle system generates electricity using high-temperature district heat. The excess heat of the generator is then used to heat the building via low-temperature distribution systems. In combination with two small-scale onsite wind turbines and building integrated photovoltaics a positive primary energy balance is achieved. For this balance, the development of the primary energy factors (PEF) of the German electricity mix is crucial: With rising generation from renewable energies the PEF of electricity in Germany is going to descent, leading to higher primary energy factors of cogeneration systems. In the Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock a detailed monitoring system was installed, which has been checked and reworked for proper functioning. First measures to optimize the HVAC system and user comfort have been taken. The second construction phase will take place in 2014, after which the performance of the ORC system and the Energy Balance will be analyzed in detail.

Simon Winiger; Sebastian Herkel; Gesa Haroske

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Warren Estates-Manzanita Estates Reno, Nevada residential geothermal district heating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Warren Estates-Manzanita Estates is the largest privately-owned and operated residential geothermal district heating system in the State of Nevada. The system has operated for ten years and presently services 95 homes. Geothermal energy is used to heat homes, domestic water, spas, swimming pools, and greenhouses. Four homes have installed driveway deicing systems using geothermal energy. This paper briefly describes the geothermal resource, wells, system engineering, operation, applications, and economics. The accompanying posters illustrate the geothermal area, system design, and various applications. The resource is part of the Moana geothermal field, located in southwest Reno. Excluding the Warren-Manzanita Estates, the well-known Moana field supports nearly 300 geothermal wells that supply fluids to individual residences, several motels, a garden nursery, a few churches, and a municipal swimming pool. The Warren-Manzanita Estates is ideally suited for residential district space heating because the resource is shallow, moderate-temperature, and chemically benign. The primary reservoir rock is the Kate Peak andesite, a Tertiary volcanic lahar that has excellent permeability within the narrow fault zones that bisect the property. The Kate Peak formation is overlain by impermeable Tertiary lake sediments and alluvium. Two production wells, each about 240 m deep, are completed near the center of the residential development at the intersection of two fault zones. Geothermal fluids are pumped at a rate of 15 to 25 l/s (260-400 gpm) from one of two wells at a temperature of 95{degrees}C (202{degrees}F) to two flat-plate heat exchangers. The heat exchangers transfer energy from the geothermal fluids to a second fluid, much like a binary geothermal power plant.

McKay, F.; McKay, G.; McKay, S.; Flynn, T. [McKay Pump and Drilling, Reno, NV (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

District heating and cooling feasibility study for Dover, Delaware: Final report (September 2, 1986-May 31, 1988)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study for Dover, Delaware. The study assesses the feasibility of district heating in Dover, Delaware, and develops a conceptual district heating system. The system would use the McKee Run Station, and a new boiler plant as the heat source, and the area surrounding the plant and the legislative areas as the heat load. The study assesses the available heat load for the city, determines the available heat from the McKee Run Station, and develops a conceptual distribution network and system implementation plan. The study analyzes the environmental impacts, institutional issues, and project economics of the conceptual system. 24 figs., 26 tabs.

Not Available

1988-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energetic and economic evaluations of geothermal district heating systems by using ANN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an artificial neural network (ANN) technique as a new approach to evaluate the energy input, losses, output, efficiency, and economic optimization of a geothermal district heating system (GDHS). By using ANN, an energetic analysis is evaluated on the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) located in the city of Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Promising results are obtained about the economic evaluation of that system. This has been used to determine if the existing system is operating at its optimal level, and will provide information about the optimal design and profitable operation of the system. The results of the study show that the ANN model used for the prediction of the energy performance of the AGDHS has good statistical performance values: a correlation coefficient of 0.9983 with minimum RMS and MAPE values. The total cost for the AGDHS is profitable when the PWF is higher than 7.9. However, the PWF of the AGDHS was found to be 1.43 for the given values. As a result, while installing a GDHS, one should take into account the influences of the PWF, ambient temperature and flow rate on the total costs of the system in any location where it is to be established.

Ali Keçeba?; Mehmet Ali Alkan; ?smail Yabanova; Mehmet Yumurtac?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

DOE Accepts Bids for Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accepts Bids for Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks Accepts Bids for Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks DOE Accepts Bids for Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks February 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today has awarded contracts to three companies who successfully bid for the purchase of 984,253 barrels of heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve. Awardee Amount Morgan Stanley 500,000 barrels Shell Trading U.S. Company 250,000 barrels George E. Warren Corporation 234,253 barrels Today's sale was the first held as part of the Department's initiative to convert the current 1,984,253-barrel heating oil reserve to cleaner burning ultra low sulfur distillate. Contracts for the heating oil will be executed upon final payment to DOE; final payment is required no later than

255

Dynamics of heating oil market prices in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper concerns the German and French heating oil market and attempts to establish long- and short-term relationships between German and French monthly heating oil prices in dollars, the Rotterdam spot price for the same product and the DM/US$ and FF/US$ exchange rates during the period from January 1987 to December 1997. To model the market over the period under consideration, incorporating the Gulf War, we have used conventional unit root tests and sequential tests allowing structural changes. Long-term relationships, with shifts in regime detected by cointegration tests taking structural breaks into consideration, are estimated. The short-term dynamics defined by a vector error correction (VEC) mechanism is derived in a classic manner when in presence of a cointegrated VAR system. The econometric results obtained are commented on from an economic point of view. Weak exogeneity tests are performed and the conditional VEC model is deduced, enabling measurement of the instantaneous impact of variations in weakly exogenous exchange rates on variations in heating oil prices in Germany and France. Lastly, a study is made of the asymmetric reaction of domestic prices to positive and negative variations in exchange rates and the Rotterdam spot quotation.

J.P. Indjehagopian; F. Lantz; V. Simon

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Accumulated CFC-11 in polyurethane foam insulation: an estimate of the total amount in district heating installations in Sweden  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rigid polyurethane foam used for thermal insulation, CFC-11 has been the main blowing agent for many years, but is now subject to phase-out regulations. During ageing of this foam, air diffuses into it and blowing agents leak into the atmosphere, resulting in a decreased insulating capacity. Determinations of the cell gas composition and the total content of CFC-11 in foam from district heating installations of different ages are reported in this paper. The total amount of CFC-11 in old district heating schemes in Sweden is estimated at 2000 tonnes. The amount in refrigeration equipment in Sweden is about twice as large.

M. Svanstrom

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Exergoeconomic analysis of a district heating system for geothermal energy using specific exergy cost method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents the exergoeconomic analysis and evaluation in order to provide cost based information and suggests possible locations/components in a GDHS (geothermal district heating system) for improving the cost effectiveness. The analysis is based on the SPECO (specific exergy costing) method, and used to calculate exergy-related parameters and display cost flows for all streams and components. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in Turkey is considered based on actual operational data. The obtained results show that the unit exergy cost of heat produced by the Afyon GDHS is calculated as average 5624 $/h. The HEX (heat exchanger)-III among all components should be improved quickly due to the high total operating cost rate and relative cost difference. The HEX-I and PM (pump)-V have the highest exergoeconomic factors among all other system components due to the high owning and operating costs of these components. The heat production costs per exergy unit for all the \\{HEXs\\} decrease due to the high exergy destruction cost rate of the system, while the well head temperature and ambient temperature increase. The SPECO method may be used to improve the cost effectiveness according to exergy rates in \\{GDHSs\\} as a thermal system.

Mehmet Ali Alkan; Ali Keçeba?; Nurettin Yamankaradeniz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Strengthening the applicability of self-heating retorting process to oil shale via co-retorting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently a facile low-energy-input retorting route but without marked loss in the shale-oil yield is developed, which is achieved by a self-heating effect, that is, spontaneously increasing retorting temperature in the absence of external heat provision (Guo et al., 2013, 2014). In this work, the applicability of self-heating retorting (SHR) process to three Chinese oil shales from different places (i.e., Longkou, Huadian and Fushun) is studied. Of these three oil shales, Fushun oil shale is associated with coal and was previously abandoned during coal mining due to its not high kerogen or oil content. The results show that it’s hard for Fushun oil shale to obtain satisfying self-heating effect, while Longkou or Huadian oil shale with higher kerogen or oil content shows satisfactory SHR. However, by adding suitable amounts of Longkou or Huadian oil shale into Fushun oil shale, a satisfying self-heating effect can be obtained as well. Thus, the relatively low-grade Fushun oil shale can also be well utilized to produce shale oil via this facile SHR route. Moreover, to utilize Fushun oil shale with a greener SHR process, the process can be performed by co-retorting Fushun oil shale with pine needles, a kind of renewable biomass. This finding also provides a new starting point for exploring plentiful biomass resources to utilize low-grade oil shale to produce oil in the future work.

Hongfan Guo; Yindong Yang; Kuikui Wang; Yansong Pei; Qicheng Wu; Yunyi Liu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

NATCOR -Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATCOR - Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4. Distilled naphtha can be used only to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce

Hall, Julian

260

Emerging Heat Exchanger Technologies for the Mitigation of Fouling in Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the last three years ESDU have been working with engineers from oil companies and the companies that serve them in order to produce a guide describing the current state of knowledge on fouling in pre-heat trains and ways in which it can...

Polley, G. T.; Pugh, S. J.; King, D. C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

I'SOT Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 17, 2003 Dear Stakeholder: SUBJECT: NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY OF FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF THE PROPOSED IN SEARCH OF TRUTH CANBY DISTRICT HEATING PROJECT, MODOC COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (DOE/EA 1460) The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Golden Field Office (GO) has issued the final Environmental Assessment (EA) and a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the subject geothermal project. These documents are available online in the GO electronic reading room at www.golden.doe.gov. Copies of the documents can be obtained by contacting Steve Blazek at the address and telephone number listed below. GO has prepared the final EA and FONSI in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and DOE's NEPA implementation guidance.

262

Comparing advanced exergetic assessments of two geothermal district heating systems for residential buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Advanced exergy analysis method has been increasingly utilized in analyzing and assessing the performance of energy-related systems in recent years due to more deeply investigating the exergy destructions. In this study, two various geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs), the Afyon and Bigadiç GDHSs, which have been operated in Turkey, were considered to perform their advanced exergy analyses and assessments. The \\{GDHSs\\} studied were also compared with each other for the first time in terms of advanced exergetic aspects. In the analyses and calculations of the GDHS, the actual operational data obtained from the measurements and technical staff were utilized. The overall conventional and advanced exergetic efficiency values for the Afyon GDHS are determined to be 27.53% and 34.72% while those for the Bigadiç GDHS are obtained to be 21.03% and 32.52%, respectively. Considering both the interactions among components and the potential for improving components, more effective and efficient improvement priorities were proposed.

Ali Keçeba?; Can Coskun; Zuhal Oktay; Arif Hepbasli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

District heating/cooling potential in New York City. phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New York City through its Energy Office has identified and evaluated the technical and economic feasibility of district heating and cooling at three locations: Brooklyn Navy Yard, Kings County Medical Complex, and the S.W. Brooklyn Incinerator. Of these the Navy Yard has the most immediate potential for implementation. The Navy Yard has an extensive steam and electrical system that has not been used since the Navy turned most of the property over to New York City more than a decade ago. By remodeling several of the smaller boilers still in place or purchasing new boilers, an ample supply of steam and hot water can be produced. The steam will be used for heating and industrial process for the industrial tenants now occupying the former yards. Hot water will be sold to the New York City Housing Authority to heat between 3,500 and 5,000 nearby public housing units operated by the authority. Electricity will be cogenerated using present generators that will be overhauled. It is expected that some of the electricity will be used directly to supply power to a planned nearby Red Hook Sewage Treatment plant, while most will be sold to the industrial tenants of the Navy Yard. Studies will continue to determine the best market for excess power.

McLoughlin, G.T.; Kuo, R.P.; Karol, J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energetic and exergetic performance investigation of the Bigadic Geothermal District Heating System in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study a comprehensive performance analysis of the Bigadic Geothermal District Heating System (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey is performed through thermodynamic assessment in terms of energy and exergy efficiencies. The actual thermal data taken from the Technical Department of the GDHS are utilized in the analysis to determine the exergy destructions in each component of the system and the overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the system for two reference temperatures taken as 15.6 °C for November (e.g., case 1) and 11 °C for December (e.g., case 2). The energy and exergy flow diagrams are clearly drawn to illustrate how much destructions/losses take place in addition to the inputs and outputs. The average energy and exergy efficiencies are found to be 30% and 36% for case 1, and 40% and 49% for case 2, respectively. The key reason as to why the exergy efficiencies are higher is because the heat recovery option is used through the reinjection processes which make use of waste heat. A parametric study is also conducted to show how energy and exergy flows change with the environment temperature. The results are expected to be helpful to researchers and engineers in the area.

Z. Oktay; C. Coskun; I. Dincer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Well blowouts are one type of event in hydrocarbon exploration and production that generates health, safety, environmental and financial risk. Well blowouts are variously defined as 'uncontrolled flow of well fluids and/or formation fluids from the wellbore' or 'uncontrolled flow of reservoir fluids into the wellbore'. Theoretically this is irrespective of flux rate and so would include low fluxes, often termed 'leakage'. In practice, such low-flux events are not considered well blowouts. Rather, the term well blowout applies to higher fluxes that rise to attention more acutely, typically in the order of seconds to days after the event commences. It is not unusual for insurance claims for well blowouts to exceed US$10 million. This does not imply that all blowouts are this costly, as it is likely claims are filed only for the most catastrophic events. Still, insuring against the risk of loss of well control is the costliest in the industry. The risk of well blowouts was recently quantified from an assembled database of 102 events occurring in California Oil and Gas District 4 during the period 1991 to 2005, inclusive. This article reviews those findings, updates them to a certain extent and compares them with other well blowout risk study results. It also provides an improved perspective on some of the findings. In short, this update finds that blowout rates have remained constant from 2005 to 2008 within the limits of resolution and that the decline in blowout rates from 1991 to 2005 was likely due to improved industry practice.

Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Application of Carbon Nanocatalysts in Upgrading Heavy Crude Oil Assisted with Microwave Heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Carbon Nanocatalysts in Upgrading Heavy Crude Oil Assisted with Microwave Heating, Stanford, California 94305, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Heavy crude oil can that by using carbon nano- catalysts, heavy crude oil can be efficiently upgraded to lighter oil at a relatively

Cui, Yi

267

State heating oil and propane program: 1995-96 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1995/96 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. EIA provides ECS with a list of oil and propane retailers that serve customers in New Hampshire. In turn ECS conduct phone surveys twice per month from October through March to determine the average retail price for each fuel. Data collected by ECS is entered into the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) and transmitted via modem to EIA. The results of the state retail price surveys along with wholesale prices, supply, production and stock levels for oil, and propane are published by EIA in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Data is also published electronically via the internet or through the Electronic Publication System.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Evaluation of Engineered Geothermal Systems as a Heat Source for Oil Sands Production in Northern Alberta  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The project costs presented in the following section are intended ... give a basic understanding of the economics of geothermal heat as an energy source for oil sands extraction. Long et...2005) reported that oil...

V. Pathak; T. Babadagli; J. A. Majorowicz; M. J. Unsworth

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur Distillate DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur Distillate February 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The current inventory of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve will be converted to cleaner burning ultra low sulfur distillate to comply with new, more stringent fuel standards by some Northeastern states, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) said today. The State of New York and other Northeastern states are implementing more stringent fuel standards that require replacement of high sulfur (2,000 parts per million) heating oil to ultra low sulfur fuel (15 parts per million). As a result, DOE will sell the current inventory of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, a total of approximately 2 million barrels, and

270

DOE Completes Sale of Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Completes Sale of Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks Completes Sale of Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks DOE Completes Sale of Northeast Home Heating Oil Stocks February 10, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today has awarded contracts to four companies who successfully bid for the purchase of 1,000,000 barrels of heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve storage sites in Groton and New Haven, CT. Hess Groton Terminal, Groton, CT Shell Trading U.S. Company 150,000 barrels Sprague Energy Corp. 100,000 barrels Magellan New Haven Terminal, New Haven, CT Hess Corporation 300,000 barrels Morgan Stanley 450,000 barrels Today's sale was the second held as part of the Department's initiative to convert the 1,984,253 barrel heating oil reserve to cleaner burning

271

Effect of reference state on the exergoeconomic evaluation of geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The exergy cost structure of the geothermal district heating system (GDHS) is investigated by using an exergoeconomic method called as the modified productive structure analysis (MOPSA). A parametric study is also conducted to show how exergy cost flow rates change with the reference state (ambient temperature). As a comprehensive case study, the Afyon GDHS in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey is considered. The actual thermal data taken from the technical staffs as 2.3 °C for January (case 1) and 10.2 °C for February (case 2), 2010 in 100% load condition are collected for this study. Mechanical and thermal exergy flow rates, entropy production rates and exergy cost flow rates for each component in the Afyon GDHS are calculated using these two actual data sets. The results show that the exergy efficiencies of the overall system for these two cases are found to be 25.34% and 22.78%, respectively. And, the largest exergy cost loss occurs in the heat exchangers with 52.49% and 64.91% for cases 1 and 2, respectively. The unit exergy costs are found as cP>cT>cS>cQ for the actual data sets in each case. In addition, ambient temperature has a big impact on the exergies and costs of GDHSs.

Ali Keçeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Testing residential energy pricing in the Krakow, Poland, municipal district heat system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While understanding of the operation of the price and rebate mechanism may be imperfect in the United States, in Poland most of the necessary infrastructure simply does not exist. Of all the former Soviet-bloc countries, Poland has moved the quickest to a market economy; however, the stresses have been and continue to be significant, particularly on the pensioned. The energy sector of the economy is still centrally planned while the legal framework for a transition to a regulated market is created. Some utilities have made more rapid progress than others in the transition. This paper describes the first year of an experiment involving design, implementation, and analysis of a pilot pricing, conservation, and heating system control experiment in 264 apartments in four buildings. The results--and experience in the United States--will be used to guide the pricing decisions of the municipal district heat utility and the conservation and air quality strategies of the Krakow development authority. Development of a price incentive strategy involved considerations of public policy toward fixed-income occupants and ownership of energy metering. Thermostats were installed to permit occupant control, and building-level conservation and control techniques were implemented. Physical constraints required the use of German ``cost allocator`` metering technology at the apartment level. Final subsidy or ``pseudo-pricing`` design included-building-level incentives as well as apartment performance inducements. Results include insights on communication and cultural impacts and guidance for future testing as well as energy conservation effectiveness values.

Wisnewski, R.; Reeves, G. [George Reeves Associates, Inc., Lake Hopatcong, NJ (United States); Markiewicz, J. [Fundacja na Rzecz Efektywnego Wykorzystania Energii w Krakowie, Krakow (Poland)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Exergoeconomic analysis of the Gonen geothermal district heating system for buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an application of an exergoeconomic model, through exergy and cost accounting analyses, to the Gonen geothermal district heating system (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey for the entire system and its components. This exergoeconomic model is used to reveal the cost formation process and the productive interaction between components. The exergy destructions in the overall Gonen GDHS are quantified and illustrated for a reference temperature of 4 °C. The results indicate that the exergy destructions in the system occur primarily as a result of losses in the cooled geothermal water injected back into the reservoir, pumps, heat exchangers, and pipelines. Total exergy destruction and reinjection exergy of the cooled geothermal water result in 1010 kW (accounting for 32.49%), 320.3 kW (accounting for 10%) of the total exergy input to the Gonen GDHS, respectively. Both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall Gonen GDHS are also investigated to analyze the system performance, as these efficiencies are determined to be 42% and 50%, respectively. It is found that an increase of the load condition leads to a decrease in the overall thermal costs, which will result in more cost-effective energy systems for buildings.

Z. Oktay; I. Dincer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1990--1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a report of New Hampshire`s participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Performance and thermo-economic assessments of geothermal district heating system: A case study in Afyon, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study energy, exergy and exergoeconomic analysis of the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey is performed through thermodynamic performances and thermo-economic assessments. In the analysis, actual system data are used to assess the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, exergy losses and loss cost rates. Energy and exergy losses throughout the AGDHS are quantified and illustrated in the flow diagram. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall system are found to be 37.59% and 47.54%, respectively. The largest exergy loss occurs in the heat exchangers with 14.59% and then in the reinjection wells with 14.09%. Besides, thermo-economic evaluations of the AGDHS are given in table. Energy and exergy loss rates for the AGDHS are estimated to be 5.36 kW/$ and 0.2  kW/$, respectively.

Ali Keçeba?

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes the results of an information exchange sponsored by the DOE/EERE Bioenergy Technologies Office in Manchester, New Hampshire, on May 9-10, 2012. The participand identifies top challenges regarding feedstocks and production, logistics and compatibility, and operational issues, then prioritized next steps for expanding use of pyrolysis oil as a replacement for home heating oil in the Northeast

277

Operation and performance of a 350 kW (100 RT) single-effect/double-lift absorption chiller in a district heating network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficiency of combined heat, power, and cold production in total energy systems could be improved significantly if absorption chillers were available that could be driven with limited mass flows of low-temperature hot water. In the case of district heat-driven air conditioning, for example, currently available standard absorption chillers are often not applied because they cannot provide the low hot water return temperature and the specific cooling capacity per unit hot water mass flow that are required by many district heating networks. Above all, a drastic increase in the size of the machine (total heat exchanger area) due to low driving temperature differences if of concern in low-temperature applications. A new type of multistage lithium bromide/water absorption chiller has been developed for the summertime operating conditions of district heating networks. It provides large cooling of the district heating water (some 30 K) and large cooling capacity per unit hot water mass flow. Two pilot plants of this novel absorption chiller were designed within the framework of a joint project sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology (BMBF), a consortium of 15 district heating utilities, and two manufacturers. The plants have been operated since summer 1996 in the district heating networks of Berlin and Duesseldorf. This paper describes the concept, installation, and control strategy of the two pilot plants, and it surveys the performance and operating experience of the plants under varying practical conditions.

Schweigler, C.J.; Preissner, M.; Demmel, S.; Hellmann, H.M.; Ziegler, F.F. [ZAE Bayern, Garching/Munich (Germany)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Reduction in air emissions attainable through implementation of district heating and cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

District heating and cooling (DHC) can provide multiple opportunities to reduce air emissions associated with space conditioning and electricity generation, which contribute 30% to 50% of all such emissions. When DHC is combined with cogeneration (CHP), maximum reductions in sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), particulates, and ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants can most effectively be achieved. Although significant improvements in air quality have been documented in Europe and Scandinavia due to DHC and CHP implementation, accurately predicting such improvements has been difficult. Without acceptable quantification methods, regulatory bodies are reluctant to grant air emissions credits, and local community leaders are unwilling to invest in DHC and CHP as preferred methods of providing energy or strategies for air quality improvement. The recent development and release of a number of computer models designed specifically to provide quantification of air emissions that can result from DHC and CHP implementation should help provide local, state, and national policymakers with information vital to increasing support and investment in DHC development.

Bloomquist, R.G. [Washington State Energy Office, Olympia, WA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

279

Effects of different operating conditions of Gonen geothermal district heating system on its annual performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the effects of different operating conditions of the Gonen geothermal district heating system (GDHS) on its annual energy and exergy performance are investigated. The system parameters such as temperature, pressure and flow rate are monitored by using fixed and portable measuring instruments over a one-year period. Thus the main differences in the annual system operation are detected. The measurements show that the Gonen GDHS has six different operating cases depending on the outside temperature throughout the year. The energy and exergy analysis of the system is carried out for each case using the actual system parameters at the corresponding reference temperatures, which are 3.86, 7.1, 8.88, 11.83, 15.26 and 20.4 °C. The highest and lowest energy (57.32%, 35.64%) and exergy (55.76%, 41.42%) efficiencies of the overall system are calculated at the reference temperatures of 15.26 °C and 3.86 °C, respectively. Besides, taking the six case-based energy and exergy analyses into account, the annual average energy and exergy efficiencies are determined to be 45.24% and 47.33%, respectively.

Asiye Aslan; Bedri Yüksel; Tu?rul Akyol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

An economic comparison and evaluation of two geothermal district heating systems for advanced exergoeconomic analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper refers to an economic comparison and evaluation of two geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs) under same reference state condition and mechanic/economic parameters by using an advanced exergoeconomic analysis. In this analysis, costs of investment and exergy destruction of each component for the thermal systems such as the Afyon and Sarayköy \\{GDHSs\\} were split into endogenous/exogenous and unavoidable/avoidable parts, and were also compared with each other for the first time. The results obtained show that the advanced exergoeconomic analysis makes the information more accurate and useful, and supplies additional information that cannot be provided by the conversional analysis. Furthermore, the Afyon GDHS can be made more cost effectiveness, removing the system components’ irreversibilities, technical-economic limitations, and poorly chosen manufacturing methods, according to the Sarayköy GDHS. The majority of the components in the Sarayköy GDHS are to operate more economically than those in the Afyon GDHS. As a result, the usefulness of this method was clearly demonstrated comparing both the systems.

P?nar Keçeba?; Harun Gökgedik; Mehmet Ali Alkan; Ali Keçeba?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Thermodynamic and economic evaluations of a geothermal district heating system using advanced exergy-based methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a geothermal district heating system (GDHS) is comparatively evaluated in terms of thermodynamic and economic aspects using advanced exergy-based methods to identify the potential for improvement, the interactions among system components, and the direction and potential for energy savings. The actual operational data are taken from the Sarayköy GDHS, Turkey. In the advanced exergetic and exergoeconomic analyses, the exergy destruction and the total operating cost within each component of the system are split into endogenous/exogenous and unavoidable/avoidable parts. The advantages of these analyses over conventional ones are demonstrated. The results indicate that the advanced exergy-based method is a more meaningful and effective tool than the conventional one for system performance evaluation. The exergetic efficiency and the exergoeconomic factor of the overall system for the Sarayköy GDHS were determined to be 43.72% and 5.25% according to the conventional tools and 45.06% and 12.98% according to the advanced tools. The improvement potential and the total cost-savings potential of the overall system were also determined to be 2.98% and 14.05%, respectively. All of the pumps have the highest improvement potential and total cost-savings potential because the pumps were selected to have high power during installation at the Sarayköy GDHS.

Mehmet Tan; Ali Keçeba?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Microwave heating for adsorbents regeneration and oil sands coke activation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Microwave heating has unique advantages compared to convection-radiation heating methods including fast heating rate and selective heating of objects. This thesis studied two applications of… (more)

Chen, Heng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Recovery of stranded heavy oil by electromagnetic heating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??High oil-viscosity is a major concern for the recovery of oil from heavy-oil reservoirs. Introducing energy to the formation has proven to be an effective… (more)

Carrizales, Maylin Alejandra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Advanced oil burner for residential heating -- development report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of advanced oil burner concepts has long been a part of Brookhaven National Laboratory`s (BNL) oil heat research program. Generally, goals of this work include: increased system efficiency, reduced emissions of soot and NO{sub x}, and the practical extension of the firing rate range of current burners to lower input rates. The report describes the results of a project at BNL aimed at the development of air atomized burners. Two concepts are discussed. The first is an air atomizer which uses air supplied at pressures ranging from 10 to 20 psi and requiring the integration of an air compressor in the system. The second, more novel, approach involves the use of a low-pressure air atomizing nozzle which requires only 8-14 inches of water air pressure for fuel atomization. This second approach requires the use of a fan in the burner instead of a compressor although the fan pressure is higher than with conventional, pressure atomized retention head burners. In testing the first concept, high pressure air atomization, a conventional retention head burner was modified to accept the new nozzle. In addition, the burner head was modified to reduce the flow area to maintain roughly 1 inch of water pressure drop across the head at a firing rate of 0.25 gallons of oil per hour. The burner ignited easily and could be operated at low excess air levels without smoke. The major disadvantage of this burner approach is the need for the air compressor as part of the system. In evaluating options, a vane-type compressor was selected although the use of a compressor of this type will lead to increased burner maintenance requirements.

Butcher, T.A.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Extension and improvement of Central Station District heating budget period 1 and 2, Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project aim was to reduce pollution levels in the City of Krakow through the retirement of coal-fired (hand and mechanically-stoked) boiler houses. This was achieved by identifying attractive candidates and connecting them to the Krakow district heating system, thus permitting them to eliminate boiler operations. Because coal is less costly than district hot water, the district heating company Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Energetyki Cieplnej S.A., henceforth identified as MPEC, needed to provide potential customers with incentives for purchasing district heat. These incentives consisted of offerings which MPEC made to the prospective client. The offerings presented the economic and environmental benefits to district heating tie-in and also could include conservation studies of the facilities, so that consumption of energy could be reduced and the cost impact on operations mitigated. Because some of the targeted boiler houses were large, the capacity of the district heating network required enhancement at strategic locations. Consequently, project construction work included both enhancement to the district piping network as well as facility tie-ins. The process of securing new customers necessitated the strengthening of MPEC`s competitive position in Krakow`s energy marketplace, which in turn required improvements in marketing, customer service, strategic planning, and project management. Learning how US utilities address these challenges became an integral segment of the project`s scope.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur Distillate DOE Will Convert Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to Ultra Low Sulfur Distillate February 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The current inventory of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve will be converted to cleaner burning ultra low sulfur distillate to comply with new, more stringent fuel standards by some Northeastern states, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) said today. The State of New York and other Northeastern states are implementing more stringent fuel standards that require replacement of high sulfur (2,000 parts per million) heating oil to ultra low sulfur fuel (15 parts per million). As a result, DOE will sell the current inventory of the Northeast

287

Retrofitting the Strogino district heat supply station with construction of a 260-MW combined-cycle power plant (Consisting of two PGU-130 combined-cycle power units)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The retrofitting carried out at the Strogino district heat supply station and the specific features of works accomplished in the course of constructing the thermal power station based on a combined-cycle power pl...

V. F. Aleksandrov

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Differential rates for district heating and the influence on the optimal retrofit strategy for multi-family buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When renovating existing multi-family buildings it is very important to implement the best retrofit strategy possible in order to minimize the remaining life-cycle cost for the building. If the building is heated with district heating this strategy of course changes due to the energy rate used by the utility. It is also very important for the utility that the consumer is encouraged to save energy when there is a need for it, i.e. during peak load conditions. Our paper shows that an accurate cost differential rate provides all these facilities.

Stig-Inge Gustafsson; Björn G. Karlsson; Bertil H. Sjöholm

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

District Energy Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

through the centralized system. District energy systems often operate with combined heat and power (CHP) and waste heat recovery technologies. Learn more about district...

290

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Below is the text...

291

Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

McClanahan, Janice

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

User manual for AQUASTOR: a computer model for cost analysis of aquifer thermal energy storage coupled with district heating or cooling systems. Volume I. Main text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer model called AQUASTOR was developed for calculating the cost of district heating (cooling) using thermal energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system. The AQUASTOR model can simulate ATES district heating systems using stored hot water or ATES district cooling systems using stored chilled water. AQUASTOR simulates the complete ATES district heating (cooling) system, which consists of two principal parts: the ATES supply system and the district heating (cooling) distribution system. The supply system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the ATES supply system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. The model combines the technical characteristics of the supply system and the technical characteristics of the distribution system with financial and tax conditions for the entities operating the two systems into one techno-economic model. This provides the flexibility to individually or collectively evaluate the impact of different economic and technical parameters, assumptions, and uncertainties on the cost of providing district heating (cooling) with an ATES system. This volume contains the main text, including introduction, program description, input data instruction, a description of the output, and Appendix H, which contains the indices for supply input parameters, distribution input parameters, and AQUASTOR subroutines.

Huber, H.D.; Brown, D.R.; Reilly, R.W.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A comparative study on substation types and network layouts in connection with low-energy district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study deals with low-energy District Heating (DH) networks operating in low temperatures such as 55 °C in terms of supply and 25 °C in terms of return. The network layout, additional booster pumps, and different substation types such as storage tanks either equipped or not equipped in domestic hot water production site were examined. Effects of booster pumps on pipe dimensions in the latter case were investigated. Temperature drops during the summer months due to low heat demands of consumers were explored. Use of approaches such as looped networks and branched network layouts with bypasses for end-consumers were also studied, heat loss from these networks and the drop in temperature in the heat-carrier-supply medium being compared.

Hakan ?brahim Tol; Svend Svendsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

V E N T U R A B A S I N GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRICT 3 DISTRICT 6 DISTRICT 5 DISTRICT 4 DISTRICT 2 DISTRICT 1 GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT 1 GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT . Redding . .San Jose .Monterey .Salinas . Department of Conservation Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal, AND GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES WILLIAM F. GUERARD, JR., State Oil and Gas Supervisor 4443 2120 22 23 24 25 46 2 11 13

295

City of Vineland, New Jersey district heating/cooling feasibility study: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study assesses the available heat load, determines the available heat from the heat sources, develops a distribution network, develops a system implementation plan, assesses the environmental impacts, addresses institutional issues, and analyzes the economics of the conceptual system.

Not Available

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Comparison of Heating Methods for In-Situ Oil Shale Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil shales are lamellar, non-porous, impermeable hydrocarbon bearing rocks that contain organic matter called kerogen which, when heated at pyrolysis temperature of approximately 600-800 ?, thermo-chemically decomposes to liberate hydrocarbons...

Hazra, Kaushik Gaurav

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

297

DOE Seeks Commercial Storage to Complete Fill of Northeast Home Heating Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Complete Fill of Northeast Home to Complete Fill of Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE Seeks Commercial Storage to Complete Fill of Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve August 26, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE), through its agent DLA Energy, has issued a solicitation seeking commercial storage contracts for the remaining 350,000 barrels of ultra low sulfur distillate needed to complete the fill of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve. Offers are due no later than 9:00 a.m., August 31, 2011. Earlier this year, DOE sold its entire inventory of heating oil stocks with plans to replace it with cleaner burning ultra low sulfur distillate. New storage contracts were awarded in August 2011 for 650,000 barrels, and awards from this solicitation will complete the fill of the one million

298

Electromagnetic Induction Heat Generation of Nano?ferrofluid and Other Stimulants for Heavy Oil Recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nano?ferrofluid and graphite?fluid are proposed to be used as stimulants for heavy oil recovery processes using electromagnetic induction. The heat generation in the stimulants will be used for reducing the viscosity of heavy oil. The temperature increase of the stimulants are observed with the presence of electromagnetic induction. These increments are better compared to those of the varying concentration of salt water (brine) usually exist in the oil reservoir.

A. A. Pramana; D. Abdassah; S. Rachmat; A. Mikrajuddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in/idle and plugged/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of CO2 via wells, which is considered perhaps the greatest leakage risk for geological storage of CO2. During the study period, 9% of the oil produced in the United States was from District 4, and 59% of this production was via thermally enhanced recovery. There was only one possible blowout from an unknown or poorly located well, despite over a century of well drilling and production activities in the district. The blowout rate declined dramatically during the study period, most likely as a result of increasing experience, improved technology, and/or changes in safety culture. If so, this decline indicates the blowout rate in CO2-storage fields can be significantly minimized both initially and with increasing experience over time. Comparable studies should be conducted in other areas. These studies would be particularly valuable in regions with CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and natural gas storage.

Jordan, Preston; Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Heat and mass transport in non-isothermal partially saturated oil-wax Antonio Fasano1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mario Primicerio1 Abstract Deposition of wax at the wall of pipelines during the flow of mineral oilsHeat and mass transport in non-isothermal partially saturated oil-wax solutions Antonio Fasano1 of the main mechanisms at the origin of wax deposition, i.e. diffusion in non-isothermal solutions. We

Primicerio, Mario

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Plant Oil Fuels Combined Heat and Power (CHP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration is the simultaneous generation of both useable heat and power in a single process by a heat and power supply station or an engine. The mechanical energy is usuall...

Dr. Klaus Thuneke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Plant Oil Fuels Combined Heat and Power (CHP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration is the simultaneous generation of both useable heat and power in a single process by a heat and power supply station or an engine. The mechanical energy is usuall...

Dr. Klaus Thuneke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

No. 2 heating oil/propane program 1994--1995. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the 1994--95 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1994 through March 1995. This program augmented the existing Massachusetts data collection system and served several important functions. The information helped the federal and state governments respond to consumer, congressional and media inquiries regarding No. 2 oil and propane. The information also provided policy decision-makers with timely, accurate and consistent data to monitor current heating oil and propane markets and develop appropriate state responses when necessary. In addition, the communication network between states and the DOE was strengthened through this program. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events that had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1994--95 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

McBrien, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

PAD District  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District District and State Production Capacity Alkylates Aromatics Asphalt and Road Oil Isomers Lubricants Marketable Petroleum Coke Sulfur (short tons/day) Hydrogen (MMcfd) Table 2. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by PAD District and State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) a 91,429 10,111 26,500 110,165 21,045 21,120 74 1,127 PAD District I Delaware 11,729 5,191 0 6,000 0 13,620 40 596 Georgia 0 0 24,000 0 0 0 0 0 New Jersey 37,200 0 63,500 4,000 12,000 7,500 31 290 Pennsylvania 42,500 4,920 22,065 16,500 2,945 0 0 240 West Virginia 0 0 600 0 6,100 0 3 1 268,106 95,300 159,000 260,414 9,100 158,868 584 7,104 PAD District II Illinois 83,900 19,900 38,100 16,000 0 70,495 202 2,397 Indiana 27,200 16,800 33,700 27,100 0 10,000 0 653

305

Determination of optimum pipe diameter along with energetic and exergetic evaluation of geothermal district heating systems: Modeling and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with determination of optimum pipe diameters based on economic analysis and the performance analysis of geothermal district heating systems along with pipelines using energy and exergy analysis methods. In this regard, the Dikili geothermal district heating system (DGDHS) in Izmir, Turkey is taken as an application place, to which the methods presented here are applied with some assumptions. The system mainly consists of three cycles, namely (i) the transportation network, (ii) the Danistay region, and (iii) the Bariskent region. The thermal capacities of these regions are 21,025 and 7975 kW, respectively, while the supply (flow) and return temperature values of those are 80 and 50 °C, respectively. Based upon the assessment of the transportation network using the optimum diameter analysis method, minimum cost is calculated to be US$ 561856.906 year?1 for a nominal diameter of DN 300. The exergy destructions in the overall DGDHS are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagram. Furthermore, both energy and exergy flow diagrams are exhibited for comparison purposes. It is observed through analysis that the exergy destructions in the system particularly take place due to the exergy of the thermal water (geothermal fluid) reinjected, the heat exchanger losses, and all pumps losses, accounting for 38.77%, 10.34%, 0.76% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS. Exergy losses are also found to be 201.12817 kW and 1.94% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS for the distribution network. For the system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall DGDHS are investigated, while they are determined to be 40.21% and 50.12%, respectively.

Yildiz Kalinci; Arif Hepbasli; Ismail Tavman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. DOE Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Division requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory to help design and conduct an up-to-date assessment of the Program. The evaluation includes five separate studies; the fuel oil study is the subject of this paper. The primary goal of the fuel-oil study was to provide a region-wide estimate of the space-heating fuel oil saved by the Program in the Northeast during the 1991 and 1992 program years. Other goals include assessing the cost effectiveness of the Program within the fuel-oil submarket, and identifying factors which caused fuel-oil savings to vary. This paper reports only the highlights from the fuel-oil study`s final report.

Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Thermodynamic evaluation of the Afyon geothermal district heating system by using neural network and neuro-fuzzy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, energy and exergy analysis of the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey using artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy (ANFIS) methods is carried out. Actual system data in the analysis of the AGDHS are used. The results of ANN are compared with ANFIS in which the same data sets are used. ANN model is slightly better than ANFIS in determining the energy and exergy rates. In addition, new formulations obtained from ANN are presented for the determination of the energy and exergy rates of the AGDHS. The R2-values obtained when unknown data were used in the networks were 0.999999847 and 0.99999997 for the energy and exergy rates respectively, which are very satisfactory.

Arzu ?encan ?ahin; Hilmi Yaz?c?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

A comparative study on conventional and advanced exergetic analyses of geothermal district heating systems based on actual operational data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper comparatively evaluates exergy destructions of a geothermal district heating system (GDHS) using both conventional and advanced exergetic analysis methods to identify the potential for improvement and the interactions among the components. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered based on actual operational data. For the first time, advanced exergetic analysis is applied to the GDHSs, in which the exergy destruction rate within each component is split into unavoidable/avoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts. The results indicate that the interconnections among all the components are not very strong. Thus, one should focus on how to reduce the internal inefficiency (destruction) rates of the components. The highest priority for improvement in the advanced exergetic analysis is in the re-injection pump (PM-IX), while it is the heat exchanger (HEX-III) in the conventional analysis. In addition, there is a substantial influence on the overall system as the total avoidable exergy destruction rate of the heat exchanger (HEX-V) has the highest value. On the overall system basis, the value for the conventional exergetic efficiency is determined to be 29.29% while that for the modified exergetic efficiency is calculated to be 34.46% through improving the overall components.

Arif Hepbasli; Ali Keçeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

User manual for GEOCITY: a computer model for cost analysis of geothermal district-heating-and-cooling systems. Volume II. Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model is to calculate the costs of residential space heating, space cooling, and sanitary water heating or process heating (cooling) using geothermal energy from a hydrothermal reservoir. The model can calculate geothermal heating and cooling costs for residential developments, a multi-district city, or a point demand such as an industrial factory or commercial building. Volume II contains all the appendices, including cost equations and models for the reservoir and fluid transmission system and the distribution system, descriptions of predefined residential district types for the distribution system, key equations for the cooling degree hour methodology, and a listing of the sample case output. Both volumes include the complete table of contents and lists of figures and tables. In addition, both volumes include the indices for the input parameters and subroutines defined in the user manual.

Huber, H.D.; Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains the following: discussion of cost estimating methodology, detailed cost estimates of Hudson No. 2 retrofit, intermediate thermal plant (Kearny No. 12) and local heater plants; transmission and distribution cost estimate; landfill gas cost estimate; staged development scenarios; economic evaluation; fuel use impact; air quality impact; and alternatives to district heating.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Preliminary Retro-Commissioning Study on Optimal Operation for the Heat Source System of a District Heating Cooling Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating Water Suuply Chilled Water Return Heating Water Return To User New System ESL-IC-08-10-57 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 2 attract attention due..., R6 450 1, 1 ESL-IC-08-10-57 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 3 (one office building and one building with hotel rooms and leisure facilities) since November...

Shingu, H.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.; Ono, E.

312

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in district heating source in Tianjin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building a trading market can promote energy conservation provided that the trading method is determined. Energy consumption for heat supply is huge. Tianjin Municipal Government is planning to establish an energ...

Gaofeng Chen; Xuejing Zheng; Lin Cong

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a national evaluation of its lowincome Weatherization Assistance Program. This report, which is one of five parts of that evaluation, evaluates the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of the Program as it had been applied to single-family houses heated primarily by fuel-oil. The study was based upon a representative sample (41 local weatherization agencies, 222 weatherized and 115 control houses) from the nine northeastern states during 1991 and 1992 program years. Dwelling-specific and agency-level data on measures installed, costs, and service delivery procedures were collected from the sampled agencies. Space-heating fuel-oil consumption, indoor temperature, and outdoor temperature were monitored at each house. Dwelling characteristics, air-leakage measurements, space-heating system steady-state efficiency measurements, safety inspections, and occupant questionnaires were also collected or performed at each monitored house. We estimate that the Program weatherized a total of 23,400 single-family fuel-oil heated houses in the nine northeastern states during program years 1991 and 1992. Annual fuel-oil savings were calculated using regression techniques to normalize the savings to standard weather conditions. For the northeast region, annual net fuel-oil savings averaged 160 gallons per house, or 17.7% of pre-weatherization consumption. Although indoor temperatures changed in individual houses following weatherization, there was no average change and no significant difference as compared to the control houses; thus, there was no overall indoor temperature takeback effect influencing fuel-oil savings. The weatherization work was performed cost effectively in these houses from the Program perspective, which included both installation costs and overhead and management costs but did not include non-energy benefits (such as employment and environmental).

Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Heat of combustion of Green River oil shale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors derive simple equations for estimating the heat of combustion of raw shale by thermochemical estimates and by linear regression of experimental data. They find that the heat can be estimated well by an exothermic term that accounts for the combustion of organic matter and a constant that accounts for pyrite combustion, carbonate decomposition, and glass formation. The net contribution of reactions included in the constant is endothermic for the standard state products of bomb calorimetry. As a sample application, the authors perform an energy balance on a modified Fischer assay of average Green River shale by using one of our formulas for raw shale along with previously derived formulas for pyrolysis products.

Muehlbauer, M.J.; Burnham, A.K.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Heating with energy saving alternatives to prevent biodeterioration of marine fuel oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined how alternative handling practices, including heat shock, can facilitate the prevention of biodeterioration of fuel oil onboard ships. At temperatures exceeding 50 °C, no microbes were observed after incubation for 2 days. Under 30 °C incubation, the total number of viable aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas maltophilia, decreased gradually during the incubation period. Conversely, most fungi were destroyed after incubation for 5 days. Fungi generally had a better tolerance in marine fuel than E. coli after heat shock treatment. After incubation starting at ?45 °C, followed by different heat shock patterns, the total number of viable fungi and E. coli increased steadily during the 10-h incubation period. In contrast to fungi, heat shock effectively controlled E. coli growth. Heat shock treatment can control the growth of certain types of microbes at temperatures of up to 10 °C lower than commonly used.

J. Hua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil ... A reaction temperature of 600 °C provided the greatest yield of commercially valuable products: the recovered liquid oils were composed of light paraffins and aromatic hydrocarbons that could be used as industrial feedstock; the remaining incondensable gases comprised light hydrocarbons that could potentially be used as a fuel source to power the process. ... The pyrolysis products leave the reactor and pass through a system of three water-cooled Liebig condensers [5, 6, 7], which collect condensed hydrocarbons in main and secondary collection flasks [8, 9]. ...

Su Shiung Lam; Alan D. Russell; Howard A. Chase

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

317

Research on viscosity-reduction technology by electric heating and blending light oil in ultra-deep heavy oil wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Tahe oilfield in China, heavy oil is commonly lifted using the light oil blending technology. However, due to the lack of light oil, the production of heavy oil has been seriously limited. Thus, a new c...

Mo Zhu; Haiquan Zhong; Yingchuan Li…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

District cooling gets hot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities across the country are adopting cool storage methods, such as ice-storage and chilled-water tanks, as an economical and environmentally safe way to provide cooling for cities and towns. The use of district cooling, in which cold water or steam is pumped to absorption chillers and then to buildings via a central community chiller plant, is growing strongly in the US. In Chicago, San Diego, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, and elsewhere, independent district-energy companies and utilities are refurbishing neglected district-heating systems and adding district cooling, a technology first developed approximately 35 years ago.

Seeley, R.S.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Application of bio-oils from lignocellulosic biomass to transportation, heat and power generation—A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This review will be concentrated on the application of bio-oil produced from the cellulosic biomass among the various liquid biofuels to transport fuels, heat and power generation as substitute. Main application of bio-oil and biocrude from two main thermochemical processes, i.e., pyrolysis and liquefaction include boiler for heat and electricity production, diesel engine or gas turbine for power generation, and diesel engine for transportation fuel. Fast pyrolysis is the most popular process for converting cellulosic biomass to high yield of bio-oil with relatively low cost. For the application of bio-oils to transportation, heat and power generation, physical upgrading methods such as emulsions (bio-oil/diesel or bio-oil/biodiesel ) and blends of bio-oil/oxygenated fuel (ethanol, diglyme) were mainly used and tested. The studies on the spray characteristics of emulsions and blends in diesel engine condition are not available in the literature. In most studies on the combustion and emission characteristics of emulsions and blends, CO emission was increased in most fuels and engines tested and HC was increased or comparable to diesel operation. However, \\{NOx\\} and soot emissions were decreased in most case of experiments. In the pressure-swirl nozzle for gas turbine application, preheating and blending techniques were employed to reduce the SMD of spray. In case of blend for the application of heat and power generation, E20 blend was mainly selected in most studies. Most studies related to bio-oil combustion in burners, diesel engines and gas turbines demonstrated the higher HC, CO and soot emissions than the original design fuel. Although the properties of bio-oil/methanol blend were widely investigated, there are no studies available about the application of bio-oil/methanol blend to transportation, heat and power generation in the literature. In addition, more research is required for the combustion of upgraded bio-oils for transportation application.

Soo-Young No

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Dynamic optimization of heated oil pipeline operation using PSO–DE algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Crude oil, with relatively high viscosity, freezing-point and content of wax, is usually transported by heated oil pipelines (HOP) containing many pumping and heating stations. There are many different selections of operation parameters or values of pumps and heating furnaces, but all these different “selections” can satisfy output task and safety requirements. The power and fuel cost of pumping and heating account for 1–3% of the total energy consumption. For the energy saving purpose, it is necessary to optimize the HOP operations. In this paper a dynamic model of HOP was proposed and used to calculate the soil temperature field outside HOP, and then both the spatial and temporal distributions of pressure and temperature of field inside HOP. Using this calculation method and its results, an optimization model is established aiming at minimizing energy cost of running HOP, with outlet temperatures of each heating station, on–off states of each pump, and their head matrix of delivery as the optimization variables. Then a mixed algorithm combining differential evolution algorithm with particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to solve this model. The optimization results are applied to Rizhao–Yizheng digital long distance HOP (375 km). Research shows that: verified by real time data acquired by the SCADA, the relative error of the dynamic model’s result is 4.042%, much less than that of the steady-state model’s result (22.67%). The optimized operation scheme can save 17.59% of energy cost for oil transportation task of 2640 m3/h. Energy saving effect is remarkable.

Ming Zhou; Yu Zhang; Shijiu Jin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

User manual for GEOCITY: a computer model for cost analysis of geothermal district-heating-and-cooling systems. Volume I. Main text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model is to calculate the costs of residential space heating, space cooling, and sanitary water heating or process heating (cooling) using geothermal energy from a hydrothermal reservoir. The model can calculate geothermal heating and cooling costs for residential developments, a multi-district city, or a point demand such as an industrial factory or commercial building. GEOCITY simulates the complete geothermal heating and cooling system, which consists of two principal parts: the reservoir and fluid transmission system and the distribution system. The reservoir and fluid transmission submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the reservoir and fluid transmission system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. Geothermal space heating is assumed to be provided by circulating hot water through radiators, convectors, fan-coil units, or other in-house heating systems. Geothermal process heating is provided by directly using the hot water or by circulating it through a process heat exchanger. Geothermal space or process cooling is simulated by circulating hot water through lithium bromide/water absorption chillers located at each building. Retrofit costs for both heating and cooling applications can be input by the user. The life-cycle cost of thermal energy from the reservoir and fluid transmission system to the distribution system and the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) to the end-users are calculated using discounted cash flow analysis.

Huber, H.D.; Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pub/oil/ Data_Catalog/Oil_and_Gas/Oil_?elds/CA_oil?elds.DAT.1993) A history of oil- and gas-well blowouts in California,Health Administration (2007), Oil and gas well drilling and

Jordan, Preston D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

DistrictHeating Nuevasaladecalderasydistribucin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ EMISIONES SOx=0% - BAJA EMISI�N NOx y ahorro de emisiones de 202 Ton CO2/año. - Mejora paisajística del

Fraguela, Basilio B.

325

Effects of boosting the supply temperature on pipe dimensions of low-energy district heating networks: A case study in Gladsaxe, Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a method for the dimensioning of the low-energy District Heating (DH) piping networks operating with a control philosophy of supplying heat in low-temperature such as 55 °C in supply and 25 °C in return regularly while the supply temperature levels are being boosted in cold winter periods. The performance of the existing radiators that were formerly sized with over-dimensions was analyzed, its results being used as input data for the performance evaluation of the piping network of the low-energy DH system operating with the control philosophy in question. The optimization method was performed under different mass flow limitations that were formed with various temperature configurations. The results showed that reduction in the mass flow rate requirement of a district is possible by increasing the supply temperature in cold periods with significant reduction in heat loss from the DH network. Sensitivity analysis was carried out in order to evaluate the area of applicability of the proposed method. Hence varied values of the original capacity and the current capacity of the existing radiators were evaluated with the design temperature values that were defined by two former radiator sizing standards.

Hakan ?. Tol; Svend Svendsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

State of Maine residential heating oil survey: 1995--1996 season summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Maine the cash price is surveyed, as opposed to lthe retail or charge price, as it has been identified as the price most often paid by Maine consumers. As one can see from the chart in this report, the 1995-1996 cash prices for No. 2 heating oil can be characterized as having an upward trend and much more fluctuation than last years` relatively flat line. The 1995-96 heating season started at the closing price of the previous season and for the first few weeks prices were lower than most of the 1994-95 trendline. When the weather became cooler, however, prices were on a steady incline until well into the winter. Prices leveled off for most of the rest of the season with a dramatic surge on the last week of the survey. The average statewide cash price for No. 2 heating oil this year was .861 1 cents, approximately ten cents higher than the average for 1994-1995 which was .7661 cents per gallon. It has been the observation of the SPO that during most of the 1995-1996 season, Maine`s prices showed a direct correspondence with New England rack or wholesale prices. It appeared that they never fluctuated more than 3-4 cents from each other.

Elder, B.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network, Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume 5, Appendix A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains the backup data for the portion of the load and service assessment in Section 2, Volume II of this report. This includes: locations of industrial and commercial establishments, locations of high rise buildings, data from the Newark (Essex County) Directory of Business, data from the Hudson County Industrial Directory, data from the N. J. Department of Energy Inventory of Public Buildings, data on commercial and industrial establishments and new developments in the Hackensack Meadowlands, data on urban redevelopment and Operation Breakthrough, and list of streets in the potential district heating areas of Newark/Harrison and Jersey City/Hoboken.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

SOLAR HEATING OF TANK BOTTOMS Application of Solar Heating to Asphaltic and Parrafinic Oils Reducing Fuel Costs and Greenhouse Gases Due to Use of Natural Gas and Propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sale of crude oil requires that the crude meet product specifications for BS&W, temperature, pour point and API gravity. The physical characteristics of the crude such as pour point and viscosity effect the efficient loading, transport, and unloading of the crude oil. In many cases, the crude oil has either a very high paraffin content or asphalt content which will require either hot oiling or the addition of diluents to the crude oil to reduce the viscosity and the pour point of the oil allowing the crude oil to be readily loaded on to the transport. Marginal wells are significantly impacted by the cost of preheating the oil to an appropriate temperature to allow for ease of transport. Highly paraffinic and asphaltic oils exist throughout the D-J basin and generally require pretreatment during cold months prior to sales. The current study addresses the use of solar energy to heat tank bottoms and improves the overall efficiency and operational reliability of stripper wells.

Eugene A. Fritzler

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Causality and volatility spillovers among petroleum prices of WTI, gasoline and heating oil in different locations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the time series properties of daily spot and futures prices for three petroleum types traded at five commodity centers within and outside the United States. Examining five combinations of the spot and futures prices by petroleum type and trading center, the cointegration tests of each of these five groups suggest that spot and futures contracts offer little room for long-run commodity portfolio diversification. In the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude-oil group, the VEC model indicates that the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) 1-month futures price has the upper hand in terms of directional causality and volatility spillovers. In the NYMEX gasoline system, there are bi-directional causality relationships among all the gasoline spot and futures prices, but the spot price produces the greatest spillover. In the NYMEX heating oil system, information transmission and predictability among the spot, 1- and 3-month futures are found to be particularly strong and significant. In the international gasoline spot market, contrary to the world crude-oil market, there is no apparent world gasoline spot leader for the gasoline spot prices.

Shawkat Hammoudeh; Huimin Li; Bang Jeon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Analysis of transient temperature distribution in oil shale due to heat source propagating in retort  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The initial?boundary?value problem for the transient temperature fields in oil shale which is heated by a propagating combustionflame in an i n s i t u retort chimney is formulated and solved analytically. The heat source of the flame is represented by a Gaussian distribution which models the average statistical variations in radial and axial flame extensions and is assumed to build up to maximum strength in accordance with a temporal relaxation process. The transient temperature fields in the oil shale surrounding the retort are calculated and discussed with respect to their spatial variations and dependence on the flamerelaxation time. The theoretical temperature distributions are shown to be consistent with those observed experimentally. The high?temperature core extends less than a retort radius into the surrounding shale bed. This result has implications for (i) the i n s i t u retort design and (ii) the environmental impact of i n s i t u retorts. It appears that the spacing between neighboring retorts can be reduced and that the thermal effects of retorts on the environment are less severe than previously anticipated.

H. E. Wilhelm; J. B. DuBow; S. H. Hong

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Evaluation of Gas, Oil and Wood Pellet Fueled Residential Heating System Emissions Characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study has measured the emissions from a wide range of heating equipment burning different fuels including several liquid fuel options, utility supplied natural gas and wood pellet resources. The major effort was placed on generating a database for the mass emission rate of fine particulates (PM 2.5) for the various fuel types studied. The fine particulates or PM 2.5 (less than 2.5 microns in size) were measured using a dilution tunnel technique following the method described in US EPA CTM-039. The PM 2.5 emission results are expressed in several units for the benefit of scientists, engineers and administrators. The measurements of gaseous emissions of O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, CO, NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} were made using a combustion analyzer based on electrochemical cells These measurements are presented for each of the residential heating systems tested. This analyzer also provides a steady state efficiency based on stack gas and temperature measurements and these values are included in the report. The gaseous results are within the ranges expected from prior emission studies with the enhancement of expanding these measurements to fuels not available to earlier researchers. Based on measured excess air levels and ultimate analysis of the fuel's chemical composition the gaseous emission results are as expected and fall within the range provided for emission factors contained in the US-EPA AP 42, Emission Factors Volume I, Fifth Edition. Since there were no unexpected findings in these gaseous measurements, the bulk of the report is centered on the emissions of fine particulates, or PM 2.5. The fine particulate (PM 2.5) results for the liquid fuel fired heating systems indicate a very strong linear relationship between the fine particulate emissions and the sulfur content of the liquid fuels being studied. This is illustrated by the plot contained in the first figure on the next page which clearly illustrates the linear relationship between the measured mass of fine particulate per unit of energy, expressed as milligrams per Mega-Joule (mg/MJ) versus the different sulfur contents of four different heating fuels. These were tested in a conventional cast iron boiler equipped with a flame retention head burner. The fuels included a typical ASTM No. 2 fuel oil with sulfur below 0.5 percent (1520 average ppm S), an ASTM No. 2 fuel oil with very high sulfur content (5780 ppm S), low sulfur heating oil (322 ppm S) and an ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (11 ppm S). Three additional oil-fired heating system types were also tested with normal heating fuel, low sulfur and ultralow sulfur fuel. They included an oil-fired warm air furnace of conventional design, a high efficiency condensing warm air furnace, a condensing hydronic boiler and the conventional hydronic boiler as discussed above. The linearity in the results was observed with all of the different oil-fired equipment types (as shown in the second figure on the next page). A linear regression of the data resulted in an Rsquared value of 0.99 indicating that a very good linear relationship exits. This means that as sulfur decreases the PM 2.5 emissions are reduced in a linear manner within the sulfur content range tested. At the ultra low sulfur level (15 ppm S) the amount of PM 2.5 had been reduced dramatically to an average of 0.043 mg/MJ. Three different gas-fired heating systems were tested. These included a conventional in-shot induced draft warm air furnace, an atmospheric fired hydronic boiler and a high efficiency hydronic boiler. The particulate (PM 2.5) measured ranged from 0.011 to 0.036 mg/MJ. depending on the raw material source used in their manufacture. All three stoves tested were fueled with premium (low ash) wood pellets obtained in a single batch to provide for uniformity in the test fuel. Unlike the oil and gas fired systems, the wood pellet stoves had measurable amounts of particulates sized above the 2.5-micron size that defines fine particulates (less than 2.5 microns). The fine particulate emissions rates ranged from 22 to 30 mg/ MJ with an average value

McDonald, R.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Other Ventilation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR Home Performance Retrofit: 400 ENERGY STAR Qualified Home Designation: 800 Air Conditioner: 400 - 500; varies depending on SEER rating Provider Empire District Electric Company The Empire District Electric Company offers rebates for customers who

333

Colorado's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3rd congressional district 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 5 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 3rd congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Black Hills/Colorado Electric Utility Co. Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Haiti Repowered Peak Oil Awareness Network Peak Oil Food Network Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Sustainability Center of the Rockies Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district

334

Combustion and performance of a diesel engine with preheated Jatropha curcas oil using waste heat from exhaust gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The viscosity and density of CJO (crude Jatropha oil) were reduced by heating it using the heat from exhaust gas of a diesel engine with an appropriately designed helical coil heat exchanger. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the combustion characteristics of a DI (direct injection) diesel engine using PJO (preheated Jatropha oil). It exhibited a marginally higher cylinder gas pressure, rate of pressure rise and heat release rate as compared to HSD (high speed diesel) during the initial stages of combustion for all engine loadings. Ignition delay was shorter for PJO as compared to HSD. The results also indicated that BSFC (brake specific fuel consumption) and EGT (exhaust gas temperature) increased while BTE (brake thermal efficiency) decreased with PJO as compared to HSD for all engine loadings. The reductions in CO2 (carbon dioxide), HC (hydrocarbon) and \\{NOx\\} (nitrous oxide) emissions were observed for PJO along with increased CO (carbon monoxide) emission as compared to those of HSD.

Priyabrata Pradhan; Hifjur Raheman; Debasish Padhee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fluid Mechanics -1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Mechanics - 1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length (mounted in a bundle as indicated in the sketch). The oil is pumped). Assume the steady flow of the oil through each small tube is in the laminar regime. It is proposed

Virginia Tech

336

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

337

Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2002 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

338

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

339

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

340

Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Comparative cost evaluation of heating oil and small-scale wood chips produced from Euro-Mediterranean forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work performs a cost evaluation of small-scale produced wood chips from forests in the Euro-Mediterranean region to be used for heating purposes. The study is focused on forests located in the Argençola municipality (Catalonia, northeastern Spain). The use of such easy-to-produce biofuel is appealing since it may be used as a valid substitute of heating oil to produce thermal energy in the same area where it is produced, thus minimizing transportation requirements and reducing dependence on the rising prices of heating oil. Additionally, it allows facing environmental and social concerns related to the current lack of management in the forests under analysis, which has led to an important increase in the biomass stock and wildfires risk. As wildfires in the Euro-Mediterranean region generate important impacts, an average economic cost of wildfires has been evaluated in this paper. The economic assessment of small-scale production and consumption of wood chips as proposed in this study has shown interesting economic benefits when compared with current heating oil prices. Results indicate that it is a realistic option since production costs range from 12.2 €/GJ to 18.5 €/GJ depending on the applied forestry practices, whereas current cost of heating oil is about 23.9 €/GJ. A sensitivity analysis has also been conducted to assess the impact of the data with higher uncertainty on the final results. It has been shown that the key factors that determine the viability of the proposed model are heating oil price, biomass stock growth rate, transportation requirements and applied forest management practices. Results presented prove that wood chips cost is quite independent of fossil fuel prices, thus higher fossil fuel prices greatly favors the use of wood chips when produced and consumed in the same area, thus minimizing transportation requirements. In addition, higher biomass growth rates than those considered in this work may reduce the final cost of small-scale produced wood chips.

Bernat Esteban; Jordi-Roger Riba; Grau Baquero; Antoni Rius

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network, Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984. Volume II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume begins with an Introduction summarizing the history, methodology and scope of the study, the project team members and the private and public groups consulted in the course of the study. The Load and Service Area Assessment follows, including: a compilation and analysis of existing statistical thermal load data from census data, industrial directories, PSE and G records and other sources; an analysis of responses to a detailed, 4-page thermal load questionnaire; data on public buildings and fuel and energy use provided by the New Jersey Dept. of Energy; and results of other customer surveys conducted by PSE and G. A discussion of institutional questions follows. The general topic of rates is then discussed, including a draft hypothetical Tariff for Thermal Services. Financial considerations are discussed including a report identifying alternative ownership/financing options for district heating systems and the tax implications of these options. Four of these options were then selected by PSE and G and a financial (cash-flow) analysis done (by the PSE and G System Planning Dept.) in comparison with a conventional heating alternative. Year-by-year cost of heat ($/10/sup 6/ Btu) was calculated and tabulated, and the various options compared.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Solar Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type PACE Financing Provider District Department of the Environment The District of Columbia offers a commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program. In order to receive financing through the commercial PACE

344

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and/or changes in the safety culture in the oil and gasand/or changes in safety culture in the oil and gasand/or changes in safety culture in the oil and gas

Jordan, Preston D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007), Oil and gas well drilling and servicing etool.from minor oil spills limited to a drilling pad to saltingdrilling nonthermal nonthermal reworking plugging & abandoning thermal thermal a) oil

Jordan, Preston D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

International District Energy Association | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

International District Energy Association International District Energy Association International District Energy Association November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis International District Energy Association logo Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA

347

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States » District of Columbia United States » District of Columbia District of Columbia October 16, 2013 Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters, windows, heat pumps, clothes washer, duct sealing and appliance recycling. Certain efficiency standards must be met in order to receive a rebate for water heaters or windows. Vera Irrigation District also provides a $450 rebate for the installation of energy-efficient heat pumps; ductless heat pumps are eligible incentives of up to $1,500. See the program web site or contact the utility for more information about this program. October 16, 2013 Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)

348

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Local Option - Special Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Solar Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

351

Microsoft Word - district_of_columbia.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia District of Columbia NERC Region(s) ....................................................................................................... RFC Primary Energy Source........................................................................................... Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) ....................................................................... 790 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 790 46 Net Generation (megawatthours) ........................................................................... 199,858 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 199,858 51 Emissions (thousand metric tons) ..........................................................................

352

Microsoft Word - district_of_columbia.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District of Columbia District of Columbia NERC Region(s) ....................................................................................................... RFC Primary Energy Source........................................................................................... Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) ....................................................................... 790 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 790 46 Net Generation (megawatthours) ........................................................................... 199,858 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 199,858 51 Emissions (thousand metric tons) ..........................................................................

353

Identification of R&D Needs Relating to the Mitigation of Fouling in Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification of R&D needs relating to tbe mitigation of fouling in crude oil pre-heat trains G.T.Polley ESDU International pic Worrell & Price [1] (at a paper presented at the Industrial Energy Technology Conference organised by Texas A... - but not always flows through the tubes). The threshold occurs because of the existence of two competing processes: one promoting fouling, the other mitigating against it. Models for the prediction of this threshold have been derived from measurements...

Polley, G. T.; Pugh, S. J.

354

Models for the Prediction of Fouling in Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fouling has two significant effects upon pre-heat train performance. Firstly, any of layer of foulant on the heat transfer surface presents a resistance to heat transfer. This thermal resistance increases as the layer builds up, so fouling reduces...

Yeap, B. L.; Wilson, D. I.; Polley, G. T.

355

Crude Oil Prices Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

356

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program < Back Eligibility Construction Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Total: $1,100 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Insulation: full incremental cost above the appropriate baseline Heat Pumps: $400 Central AC: $400 Refrigerator: $200 Lighting: $100 Provider Empire District Electric Empire District Electric offers rebates for the utilization of energy efficient measures and appliances in new, low-income homes. Rebates are

357

Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Other Program Info Funding Source Sustainable Energy Trust Fund Start Date 05/01/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by equipment type and amount purchased Provider Business Energy Rebate Program The District of Columbia's Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) administers the Business Energy Rebate Program. Rebates are available to businesses and institutions for the installation of energy-efficient equipment. Only new

358

International District Energy Association  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA performs industry research and market analysis to foster high impact projects and help transform the U.S. energy industry. IDEA was an active participant in the original Vision and Roadmap process and has continued to partner with DOE on combined heat and power (CHP) efforts across the country.

359

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District May 24, 2010 - 11:01am Addthis Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don’t produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don't produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Lindsay Gsell Superintendent Tad Everett had two priorities when deciding on a new system to replace the aging oil-based boiler heating and cooling systems for the seven schools in his district: improving learning environments and saving

360

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District May 24, 2010 - 11:01am Addthis Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don’t produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don't produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Lindsay Gsell Superintendent Tad Everett had two priorities when deciding on a new system to replace the aging oil-based boiler heating and cooling systems for the seven schools in his district: improving learning environments and saving

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

U.S. Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) North Carolina Virginia Midwest (PADD 2) Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin Period: Weekly Monthly Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) North Carolina Virginia Midwest (PADD 2) Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin Period: Weekly Monthly Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area

362

Regional Districts (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Adjacent Water Control and Improvement Districts and Municipal Utility Districts can opt to form a Regional District to oversee water issues. Such districts may be created:(1) to purchase, own,...

363

Correct conditions for heat treatment of butt welded oil drilling pipes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of optimum normalization conditions decreases the hardness and increases the impact strength of drilling pipes used in geological survey work by 100% and that of oil drilling pipes by 25–30%, the ...

F. N. Tavadze; Z. G. Napetvaridze

1965-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Heating of heavy oil by circulating hot water in closed double casing in ultra-deep wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In heavy oil production, the loss of energy to ambient surroundings decreases the temperature of the heavy oil flowing upwards in a vertical wellbore, which increases the oil viscosity and the oil may not flow...

Riyi Lin; Fangzheng Wang; Xinwei Wang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The role of interruptible natural gas customers in New England heating oil markets: A preliminary examination of events in January-February 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an analysis of data collected from gas service providers and end-use customers in the six New England States and offers a preliminary assessment of the impact of interruptible gas customers on the distillate fuel oil market this past winter. Based on information collected and analyzed as of October 2000, the main findings areas follows: (1) For interruptible gas customers with distillate fuel oil as a backup fuel, their volume of interruptions was equivalent to about 1 to 2 percent of the total sales of distillate fuel oil in New England during January-February 2000. For the two peak weeks of gas supply interruptions, however, the equivalent volume of distillate fuel oil amounted to an estimated 3 to 6 percent of total sales in New England. There were no interruptions of the natural gas service during the 2-month period. (2) Purchases of distillate fuel oil by interruptible gas customers may have contributed somewhat to the spike in the price of distillate fuel oil in January-February 2000, especially during the peak weeks of gas interruptions. Nevertheless, other factors--a sudden drop in temperatures, low regional stocks of distillate fuels, and weather-related supply problems during a period of high customer demand--appear to have played a significant role in this price spike, as they have in previous spikes. (3) While this preliminary analysis suggests that interruptible natural gas service does not threaten the stability of the home heating oil market, several steps might be taken-without undermining the benefits of interruptible service--to reduce the potential adverse impacts of gas supply interruptions in times of market stress. Regardless of the magnitude of the impact of distillate fuel oil purchases by interruptible gas customers on Northeast heating oil markets, the threat of future heating oil price spikes and supply problems still remains. To help counter the threat, President Clinton in July 2000 directed Secretary Richardson to establish a heating oil component of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in the Northeast, and 2 million barrels of heating oil are now stored in the reserve. Other possible policy options are outlined.

None

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Source Heat Pump: $100- $300 Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 Heat Pump (14 Seer minimum): $50 contractor rebate Attic Insulation: $0.15/sq. ft. HVAC Tune-Up: $30 Provider Southern Power District Southern Power District (SPD) offers rebates for the purchase and installation of efficient air source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, attic insulation, and HVAC tune-ups. Contractors who install 14 Seer or

367

Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Attic Insulation: $300 Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air-Source Heat Pumps: 14 SEER - $200, 15 SEER - $400, 16+ SEER $600 Ground Source Heat Pumps: $1,200 Variable Capacity Ground Source Heat Pumps: $1,700 Heat Pump > 14 SEER (Contractor): $50 Cooling System Tune-Up: $30 Attic Insulation: $0.15/sq. ft. Provider Nebraska Public Power District The Nebraska Public Power District offers rebates to homeowners who purchase energy efficient heat pumps, upgrade their insulation, and/or have

368

Assessment of district energy supply from Schiller Generating Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the feasibility analysis of retrofitting the Public Service of New Hampshire Schiller Generating Station to supply district heating to potential customers. The project involved analysis of power plant retrofit and comparison of district heating cost to the cost of heat supplied with gas boilers for a housing development in close proximity to the Schiller Station.

Hitchko, M. [Public Service Company of New Hampshire, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Major, W. [Joseph Technology Corporation, Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Prospection of Swedish District Heating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Due to the environment degradation and threats of the climate change, how to develop the technologies to use renewable energy and improve current energy… (more)

Zeng, Yuming

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

renewable heating oil substitution Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a renewable heating oil substitution Two-day agenda from the workshop: Technical...

371

Omaha Public Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers energy credit refunds to its residential customers for installing high-efficiency heat pumps through the Energy Conservation Program. Newly constructed...

372

ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zasulauks ­ wood-chips fired boiler house, (20 MWth) in 2013/05 · DHP Ziepniekkalns ­ wood-chips fired cogeneration unit, (4 MWel, 22 MWth) in 2013/2. · DHP Vecmlgrvis ­ wood-chips fired boilers, (2x7 MWth) in 2010, Nuremberg, 15-16.10.2013 · Cooling load is close to the set up chiller capacity · HP/chiller is designed

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

373

Applied Solutions Webinar: Insights Into District Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Local governments and their communities that inhabit dense locations can take advantage of district heating and/or cooling systems as a way to increase energy efficiency and reliability while...

374

Dependence of thermal diffusivity on organic content for Green River oil shales—Extension of the modified Cheng?Vachon model to the parallel heat?flow case  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an earlier paper [J. Appl. Phys. 50 2776 (1979)] the modified Cheng?Vachon model was found to give good agreement with experimental data on the variation of thermal diffusivity with organic content for Green River oil shales. Calculations using the model were carried out for the case where heat flows in directions perpendicular to the shale stratigraphic planes. In the present paper the above model is modified to account for experimental trends in the parallel heat?flow case. The modified model provides a self?consistent explanation for the lower degree of anisotropy (relative to theory) that has been experimentally observed for the thermal diffusivity of Green River oil shales.

Y. Wang; K. Rajeshwar; J. DuBow

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Industrial Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider District Department of the Environment The District reviews designs for new pollution sources and design modifications for existing sources. Permits are issued to allow sources to emit limited and specified amounts of pollution as allowed by air quality laws and regulations. Major sources include power plants, heating plants, and large printing facilities. Three types of permits are issued: pre-construction review permits; new source review permits; and operating permits. These permits include conditions intended to minimize emissions of

376

Consideration of Fouling During the Design of Crude Oil Pre-Heat Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

case study, based on network in Figure 6(a) Time Ihours R f EI, E4, E5, E6 Im 2 KW' R f E2,E3,E7,E8 Im 2 KW'\\ 0 0.0 0.0 1000 0.00155 0.00248 2000 0.0026 0.0042 3000 0.0033 0.0053 4000 0.00385 0.00616 5000 0.00425 0.0068 6000 0.0046 0... of Bound point bound Tempe rature Kerosene EI sheJi lower 20 ?C HGO E2 shell lower 30 ?C Naptha E3 shell lower 110 ?C Desalter feed E3 tube upper 135 ?C Gas oil E5 shell lower l50 ?C Residue E6 shell lower 170 ?C ._~- Gas oil PA E7 shell lower...

Polley, G. T.; Pugh, S. J.; Wilson, D. I.

377

Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC offers residential customers incentives for energy efficient heat pumps, water heaters, and air conditioners. Eligible air-source heat pump and air...

378

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,500 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Water Heaters: $100 Windows: $6/sq. ft. Heat Pumps: $450 Duct Sealing: $400 - $500 Clothes Washer: $30 Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,500 Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters,

379

Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Lighting (Residential): see program web site Lighting (Commercial): $10,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $100 Refrigerators/Freezers: $100 Dishwashers: $100 Electric Water Heaters: $2/gallon Geothermal Heat Pumps: $200/ton Lighting (Residential): $2/fluorescent bulb Lighting (Commercial): 1/3 of project costs

380

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Solar Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type PACE Financing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cancer Patterns in the Oil Shale Area of the Estonian S.S.R.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Kohtla-Jarve district (oil shale area) there was an excess of stomach and lung cancer. High rates

Maret Purde; Mati Rahu

382

Performance model and annual yield comparison of parabolic-trough solar thermal power plants with either nitrogen or synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The majority of commercial parabolic-trough plants in the world operate with synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid in the solar field. However, the synthetic oils that are available at affordable cost present some challenges such as their flammability, environmental toxicity and a temperature limitation of around 400 °C. As alternative, this work proposes the use of pressurized nitrogen as heat transfer fluid. In order to analyze the feasibility of this technology, a comparison between a plant with nitrogen and a conventional plant with synthetic oil has been carried out. In both cases, 50 MWe parabolic-trough plants with 6 h of thermal storage are used as reference. A performance model including the solar field, the thermal storage system and the power block has been developed for each plant in the TRNSYS simulation software. This paper also describes the specifications, design and sizing of the solar field and explains the basic operation strategy applied in each model. Both annual simulations have been performed considering the same location, Almería (Spain), and meteorological data. In summary, the results show that similar net annual electricity productions can be attained for parabolic-trough plants with the same collection area using either nitrogen or synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid.

Mario Biencinto; Lourdes González; Eduardo Zarza; Luis E. Díez; Javier Muñoz-Antón

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Program Info Start Date 07/25/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Energy Division The District of Columbia Council created a personal property tax exemption for solar energy systems and cogeneration systems within the District by enacting B19-0749 in December of 2012. Eligible solar systems Solar energy is defined by D.C. Code § 34-1431 to mean "radiant energy, direct, diffuse, or reflected, received from the sun

384

Dealing with big circulation flow, small temperature difference based on verified dynamic model simulations of a hot water district heating system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,?C Gcoal,T/Day Ts1v,?C Tr1v,?C Tw2argv,?C Gcoalv,T/Day Figure 4. Verified Model Responses With Operational Data 2.4 Properties Analysis From The Verified Model Simulations Based on the verified model, the factors ]1,25.1,1.1[],,[ ?enhex fff.../s HV heating value, J/Kg kp proportional gain ki integral gain KF heat transfer coefficient, W/? q heat per unit area, W/m2 Q heat, W t time, s T temperature, ? TD temperature difference, ? u control signal 30 ?? ? factors Subscripts 1, 2...

Zhong, L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Geothermal district piping - A primer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission and distribution piping constitutes approximately 40 -60% of the capital costs of typical geothermal district heating systems. Selections of economical piping suitable for the fluid chemistry is critical. Presently, most piping (56%) in geothermal systems is of asbestos cement construction. Some fiberglass (19%) and steel (19%) is also in use. Identification of an economical material to replace asbestos cement is important to future project development. By providing information on relative costs, purchase considerations, existing material performance and new products, this report seeks to provide a background of information to the potential pipe purchaser. A brief discussion of the use of uninsulated piping in geothermal district heating systems is also provided. 5 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.

Rafferty, K.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Energy Finance Districts Clean Energy Finance Districts Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type PACE Financing Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs around the

387

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 8/15/2009 State Louisiana Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs.

388

Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" 5. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Cooled Buildings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Residential-Type Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged Air Conditioning Units","Swamp Coolers","Other" "All Buildings ................",67338,58474,8329,9147,14276,2750,12909,36527,2219,1312 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,4879,890,700,962,"Q","Q",2613,253,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,6212,1606,707,1396,"Q","Q",3197,181,"Q"

389

The flow and heat transfer characteristics of multi-thermal fluid in horizontal wellbore coupled with flow in heavy oil reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a new improved oil-recovery technique, multi-thermal fluid injection technology through a horizontal well has been widely used in the development process of heavy oil reservoirs. The flow and heat transfer characteristic of multi-thermal fluid in horizontal wellbore is significantly important for the productivity evaluation and parameters design of the horizontal well. Considering the specific physical properties of multi-thermal fluid, fluid absorption in perforation holes and pressure drop characteristics along the horizontal wellbore, this paper developed the flow and heat transfer model of multi-thermal fluid in perforated horizontal wellbore. In order to evaluate the heating effect of the multi-thermal fluid, a concept of effective heating length of a horizontal well is proposed. Then, a sensitivity analysis process is performed to study the influence of reservoir/fluid parameters and operating parameters on the flowing process of multi-thermal fluid in horizontal wellbore. Simultaneously, using the method of orthogonal numerical test, differential analysis and variance analysis are also conducted. Results show that the flowing process of multi-thermal fluid in horizontal wellbore includes a single-phase flowing process and a gas–liquid two-phase flowing process. The influence of oil viscosity on the flow and heat transfer characteristics of multi-thermal fluid in horizontal wellbore is most significant. Thereafter, the solution of our semi-analytical model is compared against the test results of an actual horizontal well from an oilfield in China. It is shown that the model results are in good agreement with the real test results. This model could be used to calculate and predict the flow and heat transfer characteristics of multi-thermal fluid (or saturated steam) in a perforated horizontal wellbore.

Xiaohu Dong; Huiqing Liu; Zhaoxiang Zhang; Changjiu Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Electric resistive space heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost of heating residential buildings using electricity is compared to the cost employing gas or oil. (AIP)

David Bodansky

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Modeling global and local dependence in a pair of commodity forward curves with an application to the US natural gas and heating oil markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to present a model for the joint evolution of correlated commodity forward curves. Each forward curve is directed by two state variables, namely slope and level, and the model is meant to capture both the local and global dependence structures between slopes and levels. Our framework can be interpreted as an extension of the concept of cointegration to forward curves. The model is applied to a US database of heating oil and natural gas futures prices over the period February 2000–February 2009. We find the long-run slope and level relationships between natural gas and heating oil markets, analyze the lead and lag properties between the two energy commodities, the volatilities and correlations between their daily co-movements and evaluate the robustness of these observations to the turmoil experienced by energy markets since 2003.

Steve Ohana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Central Lincoln People&#039;s Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Oregon) Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Oregon) < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate PV (Residential): $2,000 PV (Commercial): $5,000 Solar Water Heating: $800 Wind: $5,000 Hydro Electric: $5,000 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV and Wind: $500/kW-DC Solar Water Heating: $800/system Hydro Electric: $0.50/kWh (first year) Provider Central Lincoln People's Utility District Central Lincoln People's Utility District provides financial incentives for

393

Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10,433 1,047 18,983 9,592 488 -617 17,890 3,998 19,273 10,433 1,047 18,983 9,592 488 -617 17,890 3,998 19,273 PADD 1 130 25 3,403 1,515 3,374 230 -269 3,374 264 5,307 PADD 2 1,993 892 4,464 2,094 500 -317 -225 4,240 386 5,224 PADD 3 6,249 96 7,346 4,283 -3,758 511 -211 6,723 2,976 5,239 PADD 4 887 14 643 287 -425 -18 51 615 10 713 PADD 5 1,174 20 3,127 1,413 310 82 36 2,939 362 2,789 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Imports at the PAD District level represent the PAD District in which the material entered the U.S. and not necessarily where the crude oil or product is processed and/or consumed. PAD District level net receipts includes implied net receipts for fuel ethanol and oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol). Implied net receipts are calculated as the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net inputs, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, imports, and adjustments. Adjustments include an adjustment for crude oil, previously referred to as Unaccounted For Crude Oil. Also included is an adjustment for motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and distillate fuel oil. A negative stock change indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase in stocks. Total stocks do not include distillate fuel oil stocks located in the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. Total residual fuel oil stocks include stocks held at pipelines. Residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content exclude pipeline stocks. Therefore, the sum of residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content may not equal total residual fuel oil stocks. Exports of distillate fuel oil with sulfur greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm may include distillate fuel oil with sulfur content 15 ppm and under due to product detail limitations in exports data received from the U.S. Census Bureau. LRG = Liquefied Refinery Gas. Data may not add to total due to independent rounding. See Definitions, Sources, and Notes link above for more information on this table.

394

POLYVINYLCHLORIDE WASTE WITH OIL SHALE ASH TO CAPTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alkaline oil shale ash. Solid heat carrier (Galoter process)-type oil shale retorting units, where the

V. Oja; A. Elenurm; I. Rohtla; E. Tearo; E. Tali

395

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room AC: $50 Clothes Washer: $35 Water Heater: $25 Heat Pump Water Heater: $100 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 per unit Central AC: $250 Heat Pump: $350 High Efficiency AC/Heat Pump: $500 Mini-Split AC/Heat Pump: $500 Air Duct Sealing: up to $250 max Whole House Fan: $100 per unit

396

Category:Congressional Districts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Congressional Districts Congressional Districts Jump to: navigation, search This category contains all congressional districts in the United States of America. Pages in category "Congressional Districts" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 437 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Alabama's 1st congressional district Alabama's 2nd congressional district Alabama's 3rd congressional district Alabama's 4th congressional district Alabama's 5th congressional district Alabama's 6th congressional district Alabama's 7th congressional district Alaska's At-large congressional district Arizona's 1st congressional district Arizona's 2nd congressional district Arizona's 3rd congressional district Arizona's 4th congressional district Arizona's 5th congressional district Arizona's 6th congressional district

397

Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

398

Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

399

Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

400

Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" 5. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings ................",4657,3239,1546,1520,110,62,130 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,1456,795,574,"Q","Q","Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,778,317,429,"Q","Q","Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,574,265,274,14,9,31

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Buildings","All Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" 0. Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",4657,4016,1880,2380,377,96,307,94 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,1982,926,1082,214,"Q",162,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,946,379,624,73,"Q",88,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,629,324,389,52,19,42,"Q"

402

Integrating district cooling with cogeneration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chillers can be driven with cogenerated thermal energy, thereby offering the potential to increase utilization of cogeneration throughout the year. However, cogeneration decreases electric output compared to condensing power generation in power plants using a steam cycle (steam turbine or gas turbine combined cycle plants). The foregone electric production increases with increasing temperature of heat recovery. Given a range of conditions for key variables (such as cogeneration utilization, chiller utilization, cost of fuel, value of electricity, value of heat and temperature of heat recovered), how do technology alternatives for combining district cooling with cogeneration compare? This paper summarizes key findings from a report recently published by the International Energy Agency which examines the energy efficiency and economics of alternatives for combining cogeneration technology options (gas turbine simple cycle, diesel engine, steam turbine, gas turbine combined cycle) with chiller options (electric centrifugal, steam turbine centrifugal one-stage steam absorption, two-stage steam absorption, hot water absorption).

Spurr, M.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: INDICATORS OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENCY PART ONE: THE DATA BASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1976 Electric Power and District Heating) Stockhol+: SCBVVF) Yearly Reports on District Heating Sales and Number of12% solids, 9% oil, 1% district heating. The dom- inant mode

Schipper, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical assistance program presentation. Today we're going to talk about the combined heat and power and district energy possibilities for your local organization. What we're...

405

EECBG Success Story: Energy Efficiency Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon School District  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The rural community of Vernonia, Oregon is incorporating energy efficiency measures into the school district buildings, including an energy efficient integrated heating and cooling system. This feature, along with upgrades to the building envelope and lighting, are estimated to reduce the school district’s annual energy usage by 43 percent. Learn more.

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced industrial heat Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Management and Air Flow) - Waste Heat Recovery in Industrial Processes... on roads - District heating systems - Various industrial processes Geothermal Heat Pumps -...

407

Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Windows: $500 Duct Insulation/Sealing: $500 Radiant Barrier: $1,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator: $50 Freezer: $50 Clothes Washer: $35 Dishwasher: $35 Room AC: $75 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 per ton Ground Source Heat Pump: $1,000 per ton Central A/C: $25 - $150 per ton Evaporative Cooled A/C: $175 per ton Evaporative Coolers: $75 - $200 per 1,000 sq. ft.

408

The Future of Home Heating  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NG in PM 2.5 emissions B10 equal to NG in CO2e emissions High heating efficiency Lowest oil for oil replacement cost Ideal for high bio fraction future Best for existing oil...

409

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Maximum Rebate Central Air Conditioner: $500 Weatherization Measures: Total cost of measures eligible for rebate cannot exceed $2,964 Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audits: Varies Weatherization Measures: 25% - 50% of cost Central Air Conditioner: $400 - $500 Programmable Thermostat: $25

410

Oil | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil Oil Oil Oil Prices, 2000-2008 For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. Oil is used for heating and transportation -- most notably, as fuel for gas-powered vehicles. America's dependence on foreign oil has declined in recent years, but oil prices have increased. The Energy Department supports research and policy options to increase our domestic supply of oil while ensuring environmentally sustainable supplies domestically and abroad, and is investing in research, technology and

411

Used oil re-refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Used oils, especially used lubricating oils which are normally considered waste and are discarded or burned, are reclaimed for reuse by a re-refining procedure involving the steps of: heat soaking the used oil; distilling the heat soaked oil; passing the distillate through a guard bed of activated material; hydrotreating the guard bed treated distillate under standard hydrotreating conditions. If the used oil to be re-refined contains a quantity of water and/or fuel fraction which the practioner considers sufficiently large to be detrimental, the used oil may be subjected to a dewatering/defueling step prior to being heat soaked.

Reid, L. E.; Ryan, D. G.; Yao, K. C.

1985-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

412

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R.D. JUSTICE SUITE 140 WILLIAM H. STACY PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 ELSTON GRUBAUGH (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 COUNSEL AND

413

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R. GALE PEARCE SUITE 140 ELSTON GRUBAUGH PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 R.D. JUSTICE (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 ASSISTANT SECRETARY-TREASURER

414

Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be...

415

The development of a wax layer on the interior wall of a circular pipe transporting heated oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of oil in long subsea pipelines is a common occurrence...formation of a paraffinic wax deposit on the inside...Striegler, Studies of wax deposition in the trans Alaska pipeline, Journal of Petroleum...review of the modeling of wax deposition mechanisms......

D. J. Needham; B. T. Johansson; T. Reeve

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Incentives exceeding $5000 require pre-approval Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $0.75 - $60 per fixture, depending on type and wattage Custom Lighting: $0.07 per kWh saved Air Conditioners: Varies, see program brochure Air Source Heat Pump: up to $300; or $25 x (EER - 10.1) x tons Water Source Heat Pump: $25 x (EER - 10.5) x tons

417

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England This...

418

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

419

3D slicing of radiogenic heat production in Bahariya Formation, Tut oil field, North-Western Desert, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 3D block of radiogenic heat production was constructed from the subsurface total gamma ray logs of Bahariya Formation, Western Desert, Egypt. The studied rocks possess a range of radiogenic heat production varying from 0.21 ?Wm?3 to 2.2 ?Wm?3. Sandstone rocks of Bahariya Formation have higher radiogenic heat production than the average for crustal sedimentary rocks. The high values of density log of Bahariya Formation indicate the presence of iron oxides which contribute the uranium radioactive ores that increase the radiogenic heat production of these rocks. The average radiogenic heat production produced from the study area is calculated as 6.3 kW. The histogram and cumulative frequency analyses illustrate that the range from 0.8 to 1.2 ?Wm?3 is about 45.3% of radiogenic heat production values. The 3D slicing of the reservoir shows that the southeastern and northeastern parts of the study area have higher radiogenic heat production than other parts.

I.M. Al-Alfy; M.A. Nabih

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Process for oil shale retorting using gravity-driven solids flow and solid-solid heat exchange  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cascading bed retorting process and apparatus in which cold raw crushed shale enters at the middle of a retort column into a mixer stage where it is rapidly mixed with hot recycled shale and thereby heated to pyrolysis temperature. The heated mixture then passes through a pyrolyzer stage where it resides for a sufficient time for complete pyrolysis to occur. The spent shale from the pyrolyzer is recirculated through a burner stage where the residual char is burned to heat the shale which then enters the mixer stage.

Lewis, Arthur E. (Los Altos, CA); Braun, Robert L. (Livermore, CA); Mallon, Richard G. (Livermore, CA); Walton, Otis R. (Livermore, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Process for oil shale retorting using gravity-driven solids flow and solid-solid heat exchange  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cascading bed retorting process and apparatus are disclosed in which cold raw crushed shale enters at the middle of a retort column into a mixer stage where it is rapidly mixed with hot recycled shale and thereby heated to pyrolysis temperature. The heated mixture then passes through a pyrolyzer stage where it resides for a sufficient time for complete pyrolysis to occur. The spent shale from the pyrolyzer is recirculated through a burner stage where the residual char is burned to heat the shale which then enters the mixer stage.

Lewis, A.E.; Braun, R.L.; Mallon, R.G.; Walton, O.R.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

422

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States » District of Columbia United States » District of Columbia District of Columbia October 16, 2013 Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power's FinAnswer Express Program includes incentives and technical assistance for lighting, HVAC and other equipment upgrades that increase energy efficiency and exceed code requirements in commercial and industrial facilities. Both retrofits of existing equipment and new construction projects are eligible for incentives. For retrofits, the utility may need to verify existing equipment. Prescriptive rebates and custom incentives calculated from energy savings are available. October 16, 2013 Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides cash incentives to help its commercial and industrial customers improve their heating, cooling,

423

Definition: District chilled water | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

chilled water chilled water Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District chilled water Water chilled outside of a building in a central plant and piped into the building as an energy source for cooling. Chilled water may be purchased from a utility or provided by a central physical plant in a separate building that is part of the same multibuilding facility (e.g. a hospital complex or university).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms District heat References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=D ↑ http://buildingsdatabook.eren.doe.gov/Glossary.aspx#Tech Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:District_chilled_water&oldid=423381"

424

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT No.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL DISTRICT No. 4 PINAL COUNTY POST OFFICE BOX 605- ELOY, ARIZONA 85131 Telephone: (520) 468-7338 BOARD OF DIRECTORS: DISTRICT MANAGER: MARK HAMILTON, CHAIRMAN RON McEACHERN CHARLES BUSH ThOMAS W. SCM JAMES F. SHEDD WILLIAM WARREN VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL TO: DSWFPP~2wapa.gov July 19, 2010 Mr. Darrick Moe Desert Southwest Regional Manager Western Area Power Authority P.O. Box 6457 Phoenix, AZ 85005-6457 Re: SPPR Proposed ED5 to Palo Verde Transmission Project Electrical District Number Four of Pinal County ("ED4") and Electrical District Number Five of Pinal County ("ED5") are members of the Southwest Public Power Resource ("SPPR") Group and support the ED5 to Palo Verde Project Statement of Interest ("SOT") submitted by the SPPR Group. ED4 is also a participant in the Southeast Valley C'SEV") Project and has offered to

425

Ohio's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3th congressional district: Energy Resources 3th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 13th congressional district FirstEnergy Service Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 13th congressional district A.J. Rose Manufacturing Company Advanced Hydro Solutions Akrong Machine Services Castle Energy Services Echogen Power Systems, Inc. FirstEnergy Free Energy Alliance Green Energy Technologies Green Energy Technologies LLC GreenField Solar Corp. Jennings The Energy Factory Pier Associates, Inc. Randa Energy Solutions LLC R A Energy Solutions Raymond Plumbing & Heating

426

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: $20,000 or up to 20% of cost Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent Lighting: $5 - $32/fixture High Intensity Discharge Lighting: $5 - $75/unit Exit Sign: $5/unit LED Lighting: $6 - $55/unit Incandescent: $4 - $8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 - $1.50/unit Custom Lighting Measures: Contact Utility Heat Pump: $50/nominal ton Innovative Energy Efficiency Project: 50% of study cost and $400/kW of peak

427

Local Option - Special Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Special Improvement Districts Special Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 5/28/2009 State Nevada Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

428

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 07/01/2009 State New Mexico Program Type PACE Financing Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

429

Silica gel as a model surface for adsorption calorimetry of enhanced-oil-recovery systems. [Heat of immersion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a method for studying interaction of fluids with surfaces by measuring the heat of immersion and then measuring simultaneously the surface excess and enthalpy of replacement for a series of binary solutions. The method of calculating surface excess is described. These techniques are applied to silica gel which has had different activation temperatures. Heating overnight to 400/sup 0/C results in a reproducible surface. The adsorption of n-butyl alcohol from toluene and from water upon these surfaces is compared.

Noll, L.A.; Burchfield, T.E.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Forest Preserve District  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forest Preserve District Forest Preserve District Nature Bulletin No. 109 March 29, 1947 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation THE FOREST PRESERVE DISTRICT Forest Preserve Districts, in Illinois, are separate municipal bodies governed by a Board of Forest Preserve Commissioners consisting of the elected county commissioners, as in Cook County, or by a committee of the county board of supervisors, as in 7 other counties. The legislative act which provided for such a district, if authorized by referendum vote of the people, became a law on July 1, 1914. Under that act, the commissioners are empowered to levy taxes, issue bonds, and to acquire lands containing forests "for the purpose of protecting and preserving the flora, fauna and scenic beauties.... and to restore, restock, protect and preserve the natural forests and said lands with their flora and fauna, as nearly as may be in their natural state and condition for the purpose of the education, pleasure and recreation of the public". A limit of 35,000 acres was set; later increased to 39,000.

431

The Economic and Environmental Aspects of Heat Exchanger Cleaning -- How FP&L Has Used the Newly Patented MCC Process to Clean Turbine Lube Oil Coolers to Maximize Efficiency and Minimize Waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of efficient and timely cleaning of heat exchangers. There are great differences in the cleaning processes that are used to clean exchanger bundles in industry today. The cleaning of turbine lube oil coolers is a specialized case in point. A newly patented...

Wood, H. A. T.

432

"Table B21. Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 1. Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",67338,61612,32291,37902,5611,5534,2728,945 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5684,2651,3250,598,"Q",469,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7090,2808,4613,573,"Q",688,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9865,5079,6069,773,307,682,"Q"

433

"Table B26. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 6. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings ................",67338,56115,24171,29196,2218,4182,1371 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,4280,2307,1719,"Q","Q","Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,5748,2287,3204,"Q","Q","Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9000,4220,4221,224,164,493

434

"Table B23. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 3. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Useda" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings ................",67338,61602,17627,32729,3719,5077 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5684,1567,3080,482,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7090,1496,4292,557,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9865,3035,5320,597,232 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,8565,2866,4416,486,577

435

HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The choice of heat transfer fluids has significant effects on the performance, cost, and reliability of solar thermal systems. In this chapter, we evaluate existing heat transfer fluids such as oils and molten salts based ...

Lenert, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Single-Family Dwelling: $500 Multi-Family Dwelling: $250 Provider Energy Management Department Modesto Irrigation District's MPower New Home Program provides incentives to builders and homeowners for designing and building energy-efficient homes. Eligible homes must meet the guidelines for California Energy Star Qualified New Homes, listed on the program application. Each qualified new

437

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

438

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

439

Rapid deployment of oil-drilling tools utilizing distribution network and inventory strategies .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??DTS is an oil and gas services company that delivers drilling tools to six major customer districts in the continental U.S. After the tools are… (more)

Rahim, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

An EOR Application @ Liaohe Oil Field in China  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AN EOR APPLICATION @ LIAOHE OIL AN EOR APPLICATION @ LIAOHE OIL FIELD IN CHINA Tests of Pumping Boiler Flue Gas into Oil Wells Chenglin Zhu (huafugs@sohu.com 011-86-427-7809254 ) Huafu Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd. Xing long Tai District City of Pan Jing, Lioning Province, PRC 124013 Zhang, Fengshan ( huafugs@sohu.com 011-86-427-7809254 ) Liaohe Petroleum Exploration Bureau Xing Long Tai District City of Pan Jing, Lioning Province, PRC 124013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 14th congressional US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district Alcoa BPL Global Enerlogics Networks IBACOS Kurt J Lesker Company PNC Financial Services Plextronics Plextronics Inc Propel IT Inc. Siemens Westinghouse Power Generation SWPG Strategic Energy Sunnyside Ethanol The Penn State Center - Pittsburgh United Oil Company University of Pittsburgh VIPO Energy Resources Inc Walnut Capital Acquisitions Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district Sustainable Technology Capital, LP Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pennsylvania%27s_14th_congressional_district&oldid=198284"

442

Improving operational efficiency of fuel oil facilities used at gas-and-oil-fired power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results obtained from experimental investigations of energy consumption are described, and ways for considerably reducing it are proposed taking as an example the fuel oil facility at the 2400-MW Lukoml District ...

A. K. Vnukov; F. A. Rozanova; A. A. Bazylenko; V. L. Zhurbilo…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Centre for 4th Generation District Heating (4DH), which has received funding from The Danish. However, this pre-study outlines the previously unconsidered potential of district heating and cooling requirements of district heating and cooling as technologies. The authors intend to continue developing

Kolaei, Alireza Rezania

444

Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law (Florida) Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Florida Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Inland Navigation District (FIND) The first part of this legislation establishes Inland Navigation Districts,

445

Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation of biodiesel using waste cooking oil and algae oil. We consider 5 different technologies: Energy, Biofuels, Biodiesel, Cooking Oil, Mathematical optimization, Algae1 Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

446

E-Print Network 3.0 - address heat tolerance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

greenhouses... temperature and flows are suggested for spas and pools, space and district heating, greenhouse and aquaculture... pond heating, and industrial applications....

447

Flexibility in heat demand at the TU Delft campus smart thermal grid with phase change materials:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Plans have been made to change the current district heating grid at the TU Delft to a smart thermal grid. New heat suppliers will be… (more)

Van Vliet, E.H.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Design of a Heating System with Geothermal Energy and CO2 Capture:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Heating constitutes about 40% of the final energy consumption at TU Delft. In the present, the district heating system in campus obtains its energy from… (more)

Reyes Lastiri, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate Caps vary according to MID electric rate schedule, they range from $10,000 - $50,000. Cap exemption can be requested. Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2012 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting and Sensors: Varies, consult program website Auto Door Closers: $56 - $65/closer Strip Curtains: $3/sq ft Plastic Swinging Doors: $4/sq ft

450

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 10/16/2009 State Ohio Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

451

Forestry Policies (District of Columbia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Forest policy and guidelines in Washington D.C. are focused on urban forestry, and are managed by the District Department of Transportation's Urban Forestry Administration. In 2010 The District...

452

Predictive control and thermal energy storage for optimizing a multi-energy district boiler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and used when demand is high, instead of engaging the gas-fuel oil boiler. Keywords: multi-energy district believe that by 2015 the supply of oil and natural gas will be unable to keep up with demand [1 of La Rochelle (France) adding to the plant a controlled thermal storage tank. This plant supplies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

Nebraska Preparing for the Upcoming Heating Season  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Drivers * Crops Proactive Moves Heating Season Preparations by Nebraska Dealers * Contracting a bigger percentage of the amount of propane or heating oil that they estimate...

454

"Table B27. Space Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Space Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 7. Space Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Other a" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,60028,28600,36959,5988,5198,3204,842 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6789,5668,2367,2829,557,"Q",665,183 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",6585,5786,2560,3358,626,"Q",529,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11535,10387,4872,6407,730,289,597,"Q"

455

"Table B32. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 2. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,56478,27490,28820,1880,3088,1422 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6789,4759,2847,1699,116,"N",169 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",6585,5348,2821,2296,"Q","Q",205 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11535,9562,4809,4470,265,"Q",430

456

"Table B29. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Total Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Total Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 9. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Total Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Used a" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,60028,15996,32970,3818,4907 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6789,5668,1779,2672,484,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",6585,5786,1686,3068,428,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11535,10387,3366,5807,536,"Q" "25,001 to 50,000 .............",8668,8060,2264,4974,300,325

457

Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

23,431 32,462 588,466 297,359 15,122 -19,137 554,586 123,943 23,431 32,462 588,466 297,359 15,122 -19,137 554,586 123,943 597,448 1,812,484 PADD 1 4,022 783 105,480 46,972 104,579 7,133 -8,328 104,584 8,184 164,527 145,574 PADD 2 61,781 27,645 138,371 64,904 15,509 -9,838 -6,968 131,427 11,955 161,957 273,603 PADD 3 193,724 2,967 227,728 132,784 -116,513 15,829 -6,533 208,398 92,256 162,398 1,211,066 PADD 4 27,499 433 19,935 8,906 -13,181 -544 1,567 19,066 310 22,105 38,275 PADD 5 36,406 635 96,952 43,793 9,606 2,542 1,124 91,111 11,237 86,461 143,965 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Imports at the PAD District level represent the PAD District in which the material entered the U.S. and not necessarily where the crude oil or product is processed and/or consumed. PAD District level net receipts includes implied net receipts for fuel ethanol and oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol). Implied net receipts are calculated as the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net inputs, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, imports, and adjustments. Adjustments include an adjustment for crude oil, previously referred to as Unaccounted For Crude Oil. Also included is an adjustment for motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and distillate fuel oil. A negative stock change indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase in stocks. Total stocks do not include distillate fuel oil stocks located in the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. Total residual fuel oil stocks include stocks held at pipelines. Residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content exclude pipeline stocks. Therefore, the sum of residual fuel oil stocks by sulfur content may not equal total residual fuel oil stocks. Exports of distillate fuel oil with sulfur greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm may include distillate fuel oil with sulfur content 15 ppm and under due to product detail limitations in exports data received from the U.S. Census Bureau. LRG = Liquefied Refinery Gas. Data may not add to total due to independent rounding. See Definitions, Sources, and Notes link above for more information on this table.

458

Optimal control of a multi-energy district boiler: a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal control of a multi-energy district boiler: a case study J. Eynard S. Grieu M. Polit of a multi-energy district boiler (La Rochelle, France) which supplies domestic hot water and heats optimizing the use of both the tank and the wood boiler. As a result, fossil energy consumption and CO2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

459

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT Board of Directors Reply to: Ronald Rayner C. W. Adams James D. Downing, P.E. Chairman Billy Hickman 66768 Hwy 60 Brian Turner Marvin John P.O. Box 99 Vice-Chairman Jason Pierce Salome, AZ 85348 Denton Ross Jerry Rovey Secretary James N. Warkomski ED8@HARCUVARCO.COM John Utz Gary Wood PHONE:(928) 859-3647 Treasurer FAX: (928) 859-3145 Sent via e-mail Mr. Darrick Moe, Regional Manager Western Area Power Administration Desert Southwest Region P. O. Box 6457 Phoenix, AZ 85005-6457 moe@wapa.gov; dswpwrmrk@wapa.gov Re: ED5-Palo Verde Hub Project Dear Mr. Moe, In response to the request for comments issued at the October 6 Parker-Davis Project customer th meeting, and in conjunction with comments previously submitted by the Southwest Public Power

460

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 50% of the incremental cost of the project(s) included in the application. The maximum annual payment cap is determined per account, by the applicable MID electric rate schedule: $15,000 (GS-1); $25,000 (P-3); $50,000 (GS-2); $125,000 (GS-TOU); $250,000 (GS-3); $500,000 (IC-25). Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "oil district heat" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate 20,000 per program year per customer Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: 2 - 50 per fixture Lighting Power Density: 1 per watt per square foot Lighting Sensors: 20 - 50 per sensor Central AC: 73 - 92 per ton Motors: 50 - 130 per motor Energy Audit: 50% of cost Custom: Lesser of 50% of incremental cost; 2-year payback equivalent; or

462

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebates Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate 5,000; additional funds may be available for final 3 months of program year Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: lesser of $.30 per kWh savings, 50% of incremental cost, or buydown to two year payback Fluorescent Lamps/Fixtures: $0.50 - $16 High Performance T8 Systems: $9 - $18 High-Bay Fluorescent Lamps/Ballasts: $40 - $125 CFL Fixtures: $8 - $25 Pendant/Wall Mount/Recessed Indirect Fixtures: $16 - $24

463

CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ABANDONED IN-SITU OIL SHALE RETORTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the carbon, oil, and gas from the shale are combusted; andceases •t II Burner gas and shale heat shale ll>" ~Air AirFigure 2. Oil recovery Vent gas '\\Raw shale oil Recycled gas

Persoff, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Integration of biomass fast pyrolysis and precedent feedstock steam drying with a municipal combined heat and power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biomass fast pyrolysis (BFP) is a promising pre-treatment technology for converting biomass to transport fuel and in the future also for high-grade chemicals. BFP can be integrated with a municipal combined heat and power (CHP) plant. This paper shows the influence of BFP integration on a CHP plant's main parameters and its effect on the energetic and environmental performance of the connected district heating network. The work comprises full- and part-load operation of a CHP plant integrated with BFP and steam drying. It also evaluates different usage alternatives for the BFP products (char and oil). The results show that the integration is possible and strongly beneficial regarding energetic and environmental performance. Offering the possibility to provide lower district heating loads, the operation hours of the plant can be increased by up to 57%. The BFP products should be sold rather than applied for internal use as this increases the district heating network's primary energy efficiency the most. With this integration strategy future CHP plants can provide valuable products at high efficiency and also can help to mitigate global CO2 emissions.

Thomas Kohl; Timo P. Laukkanen; Mika P. Järvinen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Continuous Commissioning® and Energy Management Control Strategies at Alamo Community College District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an overview of energy savings through the optimization of facility Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the college campuses of the Alamo Community College District. This Continuous Commissioning® process...

Martinez, J.; Verdict, M.; Baltazar, J.C.

466

1District health services research: 2011 District health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meDicine anD Primary care, faculty of meDicine anD HealtH sciences, stellenboscH university #12RoDUctIon...................................................................................................................................... clInIcal famIly meDIcIne anD DIstRIct health caRe systems1District health services research: 2011 District health services research: 2011Division of family

Geldenhuys, Jaco

467

The Future of Home Heating | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England Performance of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends Biofuels Report Final...

468

McCook Public Power District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

McCook Public Power District McCook Public Power District Place Nebraska Utility Id 10550 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Area Lighting HPS Non-Metered Lighting Area Lighting HPS Residential/Non-Domestic Metered Lighting Area Lighting HPS Residential/Non-Domestic Unmetered Lighting Area Lighting HPS Street Lighting Lighting Commercial Oil Commercial Commercial Oil, Load Management Rates Commercial Idel Fee 1 Phase Commercial Idel Fee 3 Phase 150-250 HP Commercial

469

Oil shale retorting method and apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed is an improved method and apparatus for the retorting of oil shale and the formation of spent oil shale having improved cementation properties. The improved method comprises passing feed comprising oil shale to a contacting zone wherein the feed oil shale is contacted with heat transfer medium to heat said shale to retorting temperature. The feed oil shale is substantially retorted to form fluid material having heating value and forming partially spent oil shale containing carbonaceous material. At least a portion of the partially spent oil shale is passed to a combustion zone wherein the partially spent oil shale is contacted with oxidizing gas comprising oxygen and steam to substantially combust carbonaceous material forming spent oil shale having improved cementation properties.

York, E.D.

1983-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

OIL SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seyitömer, Himmeto?lu and Hat?lda? oil shale deposits. The results demonstrate that these oil shales are

Fields (in-situ Combustion Approach; M. V. Kök; G. Guner; S. Bagci?

471

Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Building Energy Code Provider District Department of the Environment ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more detailed information about building energy codes, visit the [http://www.energycodes.gov/states/ DOE] and [http://bcap-ocean.org/ BCAP] websites.'' The DC Energy Conservation Code is updated regularly as national codes are

472

Wholesale Heating Oil Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.990 3.042 3.150 3.152 3.137 3.074 2013-2013 2.990 3.042 3.150 3.152 3.137 3.074 2013-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.977 3.044 3.151 3.159 3.168 3.107 2013-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 3.012 3.084 3.194 3.205 3.222 3.166 2013-2013 Connecticut 3.001 3.074 3.187 3.198 3.207 3.143 2013-2013 Maine 3.006 3.074 3.179 3.181 3.202 3.158 2013-2013 Massachusetts 3.018 3.092 3.200 3.215 3.229 3.161 2013-2013 New Hampshire 3.003 3.076 3.200 3.216 3.247 3.238 2013-2013 Rhode Island 2.970 3.038 3.147 3.150 3.171 3.113 2013-2013 Vermont 3.115 3.190 3.301 3.309 3.334 3.274 2013-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.964 3.030 3.135 3.144 3.149 3.084 2013-2013 Delaware 2.916 3.101 3.207 3.087 3.103 3.130 2013-2013 Maryland 2.920 2.992 3.109 3.099 3.111 3.047 2013-2013

473

Residential Heating Oil Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.453 3.436 3.416 3.383 3.364 3.326 1990-2014 East Coast (PADD 1) 3.454 3.436 3.415 3.383 3.363 3.326 1990-2014 New England (PADD 1A) 3.407 3.381 3.362 3.327 3.314 3.277 1990-2014...

474

Research District Seeing Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

475

Diesel fuel oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1980 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute. Tests of 192 samples of diesel fuel oils from 95 refineries throughout the country were made by 28 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960-1980. Summaries of the results of the 1980 survey, compared with similar data for 1979, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Public Utility District #1 Of Jefferson County  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Of Jefferson County Board of Commissioners July 2,2008 Dana Roberts, District 1 M. Kelly Hays, District 2 Wayne G. King, District 3 Mark Gendron, Vice President Northwest...

477

Combustion heater for oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combustion heater for oil shale heats particles of spent oil shale containing unburned char by burning the char. A delayed fall is produced by flowing the shale particles down through a stack of downwardly sloped overlapping baffles alternately extending from opposite sides of a vertical column. The delayed fall and flow reversal occurring in passing from each baffle to the next increase the residence time and increase the contact of the oil shale particles with combustion supporting gas flowed across the column to heat the shale to about 650 to 700/sup 0/C for use as a process heat source.

Mallon, R.; Walton, O.; Lewis, A.E.; Braun, R.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Combustion heater for oil shale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combustion heater for oil shale heats particles of spent oil shale containing unburned char by burning the char. A delayed fall is produced by flowing the shale particles down through a stack of downwardly sloped overlapping baffles alternately extending from opposite sides of a vertical column. The delayed fall and flow reversal occurring in passing from each baffle to the next increase the residence time and increase the contact of the oil shale particles with combustion supporting gas flowed across the column to heat the shale to about 650.degree.-700.degree. C. for use as a process heat source.

Mallon, Richard G. (Livermore, CA); Walton, Otis R. (Livermore, CA); Lewis, Arthur E. (Los Altos, CA); Braun, Robert L. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate caps are adjusted according to MID's electric rate schedule they vary from $15,000 - $500,000. Exemptions from rebate caps can be requested. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced Insulation Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced

480

California's 42nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scheuten Solar USA Inc US South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD Western Ethanol Company LLC Utility Companies in California's 42nd congressional district City of...