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1

MHK Projects/Ogdensburg Kinetic Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ogdensburg Kinetic Energy Project Ogdensburg Kinetic Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.6942,"lon":-75.4863,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Ogdensburg, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Ogdensburg, NY) (Redirected from Ogdensburg, NY) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.6942291°, -75.4863364° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.6942291,"lon":-75.4863364,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

AER NY Kinetics LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Ogdensburg Kinetic Energy Project This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved...

4

Ogdensburg, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.6942291°, -75.4863364° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.6942291,"lon":-75.4863364,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy. Summary: Industry needs thermodynamic and kinetic data for the ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Amber Kinetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Amber Kinetics Product Start-up company developing a novel flywheel energy storage system with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. References Amber...

7

Kinetic Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Kinetic Energy LLC Place Texas Utility Id 56210 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes ISO Ercot Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861...

8

Modeling & Characterization of Harvestable Kinetic Energy for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... gov 301.975-5479. Modeling & Characterization of Harvestable Kinetic Energy for Wearable Medical Sensors. RF-enabled ...

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

9

Rainfall Kinetic Energy in Eastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall kinetic energy is a commonly used climatic parameter for the prediction of soil erosion by water. Such a parameter is difficult to measure and is usually estimated from relationships established between rainfall energy and rainfall ...

Colin John Rosewell

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Kinetic Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinetic Energy Systems Place Ocala, Florida Zip 34476 Sector Hydro Product Designs and develops tidal generators. Has notably patented the KESC Tidal Generator which is based on free flow hydrodynamics. Coordinates 29.187525°, -82.140394° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.187525,"lon":-82.140394,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Kinetic Energy and the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the general theory of relativity, kinetic energy contributes to gravitational mass. Surprisingly, the observational evidence for this prediction does not seem to be discussed in the literature. I reanalyze existing experimental data to test the equivalence principle for the kinetic energy of atomic electrons, and show that fairly strong limits on possible violations can be obtained. I discuss the relationship of this result to the occasional claim that ``light falls with twice the acceleration of ordinary matter.''

S. Carlip

1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

12

Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy: Reservoirs, Sources,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The coupling of the generation of different energy forms in the dynamics (in either balanced or wave motions are almost nonexistent in the ocean. www.annualreviews.org · Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy 255 Annu.Rev.Fluid processes? Are the seemingly different dynamical ranges coupled? 2. THE OCEANIC ENERGY BUDGET We begin

Ferrari, Raffaele

13

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demo - Ed Chiao, Amber Kinetics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

amber_kinetics amber_kinetics DOE Peer Review September 2012 Ed Chiao, CEO amber_kinetics Amber Kinetics: Our Flywheel History Start-up launched in 2009, Stanford University Cleantech Entrepreneurship class Established a technology licensing & flywheel development partnership with LLNL; Amber Kinetics identified new material & lower-cost rotor designs for commercialization Awarded a Smart Grid Energy Storage Demonstration grant award for flywheels Awarded a matching grant for development & demonstration of flywheel technology Stanford University Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy California Energy Commission World-class institutions | innovative, deep flywheel technology owned by Amber Amber Kinetics, Inc. - Confidential and Proprietary, All Rights Reserved

14

Auxiliary power supply with kinetic energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Alternating current is supplied to an auxiliary load on a from a power supply comprised of a dc-energized inverter and a synchronous machine coupled to the inverter. The inverter supplies the alternating current requirements of the load up to the normal steady state load current magnitude. The synchronous machine stores kinetic energy when the load current load does not exceed its normal steady state magnitude, and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy to supply the load current requirements in excess of its normal steady-state load magnitude and to supply load current whenever the dc source inverter connection is interrupted. Frequency and amplitude of load voltage are regulated by operator commands through control apparatus coupled to the inverter and the synchronous machine.

Plunkett, A.B.; Turnbull, F.G.

1982-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

15

Evaluating Mesoscale NWP Models Using Kinetic Energy Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic energy spectra derived from observations in the free atmosphere possess a wavenumber dependence of k?3 for large scales, characteristic of 2D turbulence, and transition to a k?5/3 dependence in the mesoscale. Kinetic energy spectra ...

William C. Skamarock

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Vertical Partition of Oceanic Horizontal Kinetic Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To produce an interpretation of the surface kinetic energy as measured by altimeters, a survey is made of the vertical structure of kinetic energy profiles in a large number of globally distributed long current meter records. Although the data ...

Carl Wunsch

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

MEASUREMENTS, ERRORS, AND NEGATIVE KINETIC ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of errors in measurement yields new insight into the penetration of quantum particles into classically forbidden regions. In addition to physical values, realistic measurements yield unphysical values which, we show, can form a consistent pattern. An experiment to isolate a particle in a classically forbidden region obtains negative values for its kinetic energy. These values realize the concept of a weak value, discussed in previous works. 0

Yakir Aharonov; Sandu Popescu; Daniel Rohrlich; Lev Vaidman

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Spatial redistribution of turbulent and mean kinetic energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The turbulent spatial redistribution of turbulent and mean kinetic energy and its exchange is investigated in the framework of an K-{epsilon} model in a magnetized plasma column. The kinetic energy is transferred from the turbulence into the zonal flow around the shear layer. The Reynolds stress profile adjusts to the shear layer, which results in a transport of mean kinetic energy from the region around the shear layer into the shear layer.

Manz, P.; Xu, M.; Fedorczak, N.; Thakur, S. C.; Tynan, G. R. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization,University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Center for Energy Research, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Kinetic Simulations of Fusion Energy Dynamics at the Extreme...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetic Simulations of Fusion Energy Dynamics at the Extreme Scale PI Name: William Tang PI Email: tang@pppl.gov Institution: Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Allocation...

20

Kinetic Wave Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinetic Wave Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Kinetic Wave Power Address 2861 N Tupelo St Place Midland Zip 48642 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 989-839-9757...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Momentum and Kinetic Energy Budgets of Simulated Supercell Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of numerical simulations of severe thunderstorms with rotating updrafts and supercell characteristics are analyzed to determine their sources, sinks, and transports of momentum and kinetic energy. Two simulations are used, one ...

Douglas K. Lilly; Brian F. Jewett

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Turbulence Kinetic Energy Budget Profiles Derived from Doppler Sodar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler sodar wind measurements made in light wind conditions in September 1979 near a power plant in Turbigo, Italy, are used to derive terms in the turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) budget. Measurements on five days are grouped into two classes: ...

Gary K. Greenhut; Giangiuseppe Mastrantonio

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Kinetic Energy Transfer between Internal Gravity Waves and Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a reliable method for distinguishing the mean, wave and turbulence fields when internal waves with changing amplitude perturb the turbulent boundary layer. By integrating the component wave and turbulence kinetic energy budgets ...

J. J. Finnigan

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Mesoscale Kinetic Energy Spectrum of a Baroclinic Life Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric mesoscale kinetic energy spectrum is investigated through numerical simulations of an idealized baroclinic wave life cycle, from linear instability to mature nonlinear evolution and with high horizontal and vertical resolution (?x ...

Michael L. Waite; Chris Snyder

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sources of Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Labrador Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with a suite of North Atlantic general circulation models are used to examine the sources of eddy kinetic energy (EKE) in the Labrador Sea. A high-resolution model version (112) quantitatively reproduces the observed signature. A ...

Carsten Eden; Claus Bning

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Determining Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation from Batchelor Curve Fitting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is presented for obtaining the rate of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation by fitting the theoretical Batchelor spectrum to the temperature gradient spectrum at high wavenumbers. The algorithm is relatively robust in selecting the ...

David A. Luketina; Jrg Imberger

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Evaluation of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate Inside ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Inferring the vertical variation of the mean turbulent kinetic energy ..... the times at which a threshold-crossings occurs are defined by the indicator function .... of noise infection and noise intensity, introducing a threshold Tc significantly...

28

Estimates of Kinetic Energy Dissipation under Breaking Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dissipation of kinetic energy at the surface of natural water bodies has important consequences for many Physical and biochemical processes including wave dynamics, gas transfer, mixing of nutrients and pollutants, and photosynthetic ...

E.A. Terray; M.A. Donelan; Y.C. Agrawal; W.M. Drennan; K.K. Kahma; A.J. Williams; P.A. Hwang; S.A. Kitaigorodskii

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The Track Integrated Kinetic Energy of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the concept of track integrated kinetic energy (TIKE) is introduced as a measure of seasonal Atlantic tropical cyclone activity and applied to seasonal variability in the Atlantic. It is similar in concept to the more commonly used ...

V. Misra; S. DiNapoli; M. Powell

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7700 RPM - Spin testing accelerates rotor to: 530 ms and 11,000 RPM - Rotor stores 10 kWh of kinetic energy @ 11,000 RPM (2x more than design speed) - All testing conducted in...

31

Kinetic energy principle and neoclassical toroidal torque in tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that when tokamaks are perturbed, the kinetic energy principle is closely related to the neoclassical toroidal torque by the action invariance of particles. Especially when tokamaks are perturbed from scalar pressure equilibria, the imaginary part of the potential energy in the kinetic energy principle is equivalent to the toroidal torque by the neoclassical toroidal viscosity. A unified description therefore should be made for both physics. It is also shown in this case that the potential energy operator can be self-adjoint and thus the stability calculation can be simplified by minimizing the potential energy.

Park, Jong-Kyu [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Kinetic Energy Principle And Neoclassical Toroidal Torque In Tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that when tokamaks are perturbed the kinetic energy principle is closely related to the neoclassical toroidal torque by the action invariance of particles. Especially when tokamaks are perturbed from scalar pressure equilibria, the imaginary part of the potential energy in the kinetic energy principle is equivalent to the toroidal torque by the Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity (NTV). A unified description therefore should be made for both physics. It is also shown in this case that the potential energy operator can be self-adjoint and thus the stability calculation can be simplified by minimizing the potential energy

Jong-Kyu Park

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Philips Color Kinetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Color Kinetics Color Kinetics Jump to: navigation, search Name Philips Color Kinetics Address 3 Burlington Woods Drive, 4th Floor Place Burlington, Massachusetts Zip 01803 Sector Efficiency Product LED lighting systems Website http://www.colorkinetics.com/ Coordinates 42.5005723°, -71.2042619° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5005723,"lon":-71.2042619,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

Macro and Micro Scale Electromagnetic Kinetic Energy Harvesting Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with generators that harvest electrical energy from the kinetic energy present in the sensor nodes environment. These generators have the potential to replace or augment battery power which has a limited lifetime and requires periodic replacement which limits the placement and application of the sensor node.

Beeby, S -P; Torah, R -N; Koukharenko, E; Roberts, S; O'Donnell, T; Roy, S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fragmentation of water by ion impact: Kinetic energy release spectra  

SciTech Connect

The fragmentation of isolated water molecules on collision with 450-keV Ar{sup 9+} has been studied using time-of-flight mass spectrometry employing multihit detection. The kinetic energy release spectrum for the dissociation of [H{sub 2}O]{sup 2+ White-Star} into (H{sup White-Star },H{sup +},O{sup +}) fragments has been measured where H{sup White-Star} is a neutral Rydberg hydrogen atom. Ab initio calculations are carried out for the lowest states of [H{sub 2}O]{sup q+} with q=2 and 3 to help interpret the kinetic energy release spectra.

Rajput, Jyoti; Safvan, C. P. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Abyssal Eddy Kinetic Energy Levels in the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An earlier observation of about 50 cm2 s?2 for the maximum abyssal (4000 m depth) eddy kinetic energy (KE) in the western North Pacific along 152E, occurring in the vicinity of the Kuroshio Extension, is now supported by nearly two years of ...

Willeam J. Schmitz Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Comments on Estimates of Kinetic Energy Dissipation under Breaking Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is noted that the results of recent experiments on the enhancement of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) dissipation below surface waves can be stated as follows. TKE dissipation is enhanced by a factor 15Hws/z at depths 0.5Hws < z < 20Hws with ...

Gerrit Burgers

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Viscous Dissipation of Turbulence Kinetic Energy in Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note the magnitude of the viscous dissipation of turbulence kinetic energy in the surface layer of storms is investigated. It is shown that the layer-integrated dissipative heating is a cubic function of the wind speed. The magnitude of ...

Steven Businger; Joost A. Businger

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Seasonal Kinetic Energy Variability of Near-Inertial Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal variability of near-inertial horizontal kinetic energy is examined using observations from a series of McLane Moored Profiler moorings located at 39N, 69W in the western North Atlantic Ocean in combination with a one-dimensional, depth-...

Katherine E. Silverthorne; John M. Toole

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Kinetic Energy Budget during Strong Jet Stream Activity over the Eastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic energy budgets are computed during a cold air outbreak in association with strong jet stream activity over the eastern United States. The period is characterized by large generation of kinetic energy due to cross-contour flow. Horizontal ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; James R. Scoggins

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Kinetic Energy Budgets of a Subtropical Squall Line Determined from TAMEX Dual-Doppler Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler data collected during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) are used to study the kinetic energy balance of a subtropical squall line over the Taiwan Straits. Values of each term in the kinetic energy budget equation are ...

Yeong-Jer Lin; Hsi Shen; Robert W. Pasken

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Split kinetic energy method for quantum systems with competing potentials  

SciTech Connect

For quantum systems with competing potentials, the conventional perturbation theory often yields an asymptotic series and the subsequent numerical outcome becomes uncertain. To tackle such a kind of problems, we develop a general solution scheme based on a new energy dissection idea. Instead of dividing the potential energy into 'unperturbed' and 'perturbed' terms, a partition of the kinetic energy is performed. By distributing the kinetic energy term in part into each individual potential, the Hamiltonian can be expressed as the sum of the subsystem Hamiltonians with respective competing potentials. The total wavefunction is expanded by using a linear combination of the basis sets of respective subsystem Hamiltonians. We first illustrate the solution procedure using a simple system consisting of a particle under the action of double {delta}-function potentials. Next, this method is applied to the prototype systems of a charged harmonic oscillator in strong magnetic field and the hydrogen molecule ion. Compared with the usual perturbation approach, this new scheme converges much faster to the exact solutions for both eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. When properly extended, this new solution scheme can be very useful for dealing with strongly coupling quantum systems. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new basis set expansion method is proposed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Split kinetic energy method is proposed to solve quantum eigenvalue problems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Significant improvement has been obtained in converging to exact results. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Extension of such methods is promising and discussed.

Mineo, H.; Chao, Sheng D., E-mail: sdchao@spring.iam.ntu.edu.tw

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

An Analysis of the Kinetic Energy Budget for Two Extratropical Cyclones: The Vertically Averaged Flow and the Vertical Shear Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the kinetic energy budget is made for two intensely developing cyclones over North America. The principal kinetic energy source for the first cyclone is the net horizontal transport of kinetic energy across the boundaries of the ...

Jordan C. Alpert

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The Troposphere-to-Stratosphere Transition in Kinetic Energy Spectra and Nonlinear Spectral Fluxes as Seen in ECMWF Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global horizontal wavenumber kinetic energy spectra and spectral fluxes of rotational kinetic energy and enstrophy are computed for a range of vertical levels using a T799 ECMWF operational analysis. Above 250 hPa, the kinetic energy spectra ...

B. H. Burgess; Andre R. Erler; Theodore G. Shepherd

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Resistive-Glass Drift Tube for Use as a Controlled Kinetic Energy ...  

externally formed ions for spectroscopy and other applications. ... Controlled Kinetic Energy Ion Source for Miniature Ion Trap ... Chemical Sciences Division

46

Plasmadynamics and ionization kinetics of thermionic energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To reduce the plasma arc-drop, thermionic energy conversion is studied with both analytical and numerical tools. Simplifications are made in both the plasmadynamic and ionization-recombination theories. These are applied to a scheme proposed presently using laser irradiation to enhance the ionization kinetics of the thermionic plasma and thereby reduce the arc-drop. It is also predicted that it is possible to generate the required laser light from a thermionic-type cesium plasma. The analysis takes advantage of theoretical simplifications derived for the ionization-recombination kinetics. It is shown that large laser ionization enhancements can occur and that collisional cesium recombination lasing is expected. To complement the kinetic theory, a numerical method is developed to solve the thermionic plasma dynamics. To combine the analysis of ionization-recombination kinetics with the plasma dynamics of thermionic conversion, a finite difference computer program is constructed. It is capable of solving for both unsteady and steady thermionic converter behavior including possible laser ionization enhancement or atomic recombination lasing. A proposal to improve thermionic converter performance using laser radiation is considered. In this proposed scheme, laser radiation impinging on a thermionic plasma enhances the ionization process thereby raising the plasma density and reducing the plasma arc-drop. A source for such radiation may possibly be a cesium recombination laser operating in a different thermionic converter. The possibility of this being an energy efficient process is discussed. (WHK)

Lawless, J.L. Jr.; Lam, S.H.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Mesoscale Energy Spectra of Mei-Yu Front System. Part I: Kinetic Energy Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale kinetic energy (KE) spectra of Mei-Yu front system are investigated through idealized numerical simulations. In the mature stage, the upper tropospheric KE spectrum resembles a -3 power law for wavelengths between 1000 and 400 km and ...

Jun Peng; Lifeng Zhang; Yu Luo; Yun Zhang

48

CONSERVATIVE CASCADE OF KINETIC ENERGY IN COMPRESSIBLE TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We investigate the question: 'At what scales does the mechanism of pressure-dilatation operate?' and present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional 'conversion' scale range despite not being an invariant of the dynamics. We use high-resolution 1024{sup 3} subsonic and transonic simulations. The key quantity we measure is the pressure-dilatation cospectrum, E{sup PD}(k), where we show that it decays at a rate faster than k{sup -1} in wavenumber in at least the subsonic and transonic regimes. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure-dilatation acts primarily at large scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale range. However, we observe that small-scale dynamics remains highly compressible locally in space and that the statistical decoupling in the energy budgets is unrelated to the existence of a subsonic scale range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbulence is possible.

Aluie, Hussein; Li Shengtai; Li, Hui [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

THERMALIZATION OF THE ION KINETIC ENERGY IN A Ne GAS PUFF PINCH MODEL*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THERMALIZATION OF THE ION KINETIC ENERGY IN A Ne GAS PUFF PINCH MODEL* J. L. Giuliani, J. W Department of Energy/NNSA, Washington DC USA Full understanding of the dynamics, population kinetics, and energy budget of a K-shell radiating Z-pinch remains a challenging problem in high energy density plasma

50

The conservative cascade of kinetic energy in compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional "conversion" scale-range despite not being an invariant of the compressible flow dynamics. We use high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of compressible hydrodynamic turbulence on $512^3$ and $1024^3$ grids. We probe regimes of forced steady-state isothermal flows and of unforced decaying ideal gas flows. The key quantity we measure is pressure dilatation cospectrum, $E^{PD}(k)$, where we provide the first numerical evidence that it decays at a rate faster than $k^{-1}$ as a function of wavenumber. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure dilatation acts primarily at large-scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale-range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbulence is possible.

Hussein Aluie; Shengtai Li; Hui Li

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

51

The conservative cascade of kinetic energy in compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional "conversion" scale-range despite not being an invariant of the compressible flow dynamics. We use high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of compressible hydrodynamic turbulence on $512^3$ and $1024^3$ grids. We probe regimes of forced steady-state isothermal flows and of unforced decaying ideal gas flows. The key quantity we measure is pressure dilatation cospectrum, $E^{PD}(k)$, where we provide the first numerical evidence that it decays at a rate faster than $k^{-1}$ as a function of wavenumber. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure dilatation acts primarily at large-scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale-range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbu...

Aluie, Hussein; Li, Hui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Heating and Kinetic Energy Dissipation in the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conservation of energy and the incorporation of parameterized heating in an atmospheric model are discussed. Energy conservation is used to unify the treatment of heating and kinetic energy dissipation within the Community Atmosphere Model, ...

Byron A. Boville; Christopher S. Bretherton

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Time scales and pathways for kinetic energy relaxation in solvated proteins: Application to carbonmonoxy myoglobin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of ki- netic energy equipartitioning compared to that of the hydro- gen atoms. These backbone atomsTime scales and pathways for kinetic energy relaxation in solvated proteins: Application, the rates of kinetic energy partitioning for various elements of solvated carboxy-myoglobin were calculated

Straub, John E.

54

MHK Technologies/Kinetic Hydropower System KHPS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinetic Hydropower System KHPS Kinetic Hydropower System KHPS < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Verdantpower.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Verdant Power Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy RITE *MHK Projects/Cornwall Ontario River Energy CORE Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7/8: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration & Operation Technology Description Verdant Power's central technology is the Kinetic Hydropower System (KHPS), a water-to-wire system that consists of three main components: 1) KHPS TURBINE: a three-bladed horizontal-axis turbine with four major assemblies: a) Composite rotor with 3-fixed blades that rotate at the relatively slow and constant speed of approximately 40 RPM, with tip-speeds of 35 feet per second. This is well below normal water vessel propeller speeds and conventional hydropower turbine blade speeds. b) Sealed nacelle, pylon and passive yaw mechanism that is hydrodynamically designed to allow the turbine to self-rotate into the prevailing current (like a weathervane) so that the blades are optimally aligned to generate energy. c) Custom-designed drivetrain unit (with induction generator) enclosed within the nacelle that integrates the bearing housing with a special long-life planetary gearbox, with mechanical shaft seals and a minimum of sealed lubricants. d) Streambed mounting system that can vary depending on site conditions as a single drilled monopile, a single gravity-based structure, or a gravity-based triframe mount that supports 3 turbines. 2) UNDERWATER CABLING: low-voltage shielded cable of short distance; and shoreline switchgear vaults, control room, and interconnection point(s). 3) APPURTENANT FACILITIES: for navigation safety, such as Public Aides to Navigation (PATON) buoys and lighted warning signs, as well as instrumentation including Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs). In order to maximize the application of the KHPS within the global MHK resource, Verdant Power has designed the technology as a simple and uniquely scalable system that can be operated in tidal, river and ocean current settings. Possible KHPS installations range from distributed generation arrangements in near-shore urban and village settings to base power generation at offshore deepwater locales.

55

Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid vehicles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the power system comprises an electric machine (12) further comprising a first excitation source (47), a permanent magnet rotor (28) and a magnetic coupling rotor (26) spaced from the permanent magnet rotor and at least one second excitation source (43), the magnetic coupling rotor (26) also including a flywheel having an inertial mass to store kinetic energy during an initial acceleration to an operating speed; and wherein the first excitation source is electrically connected to the second excitation source for power cycling such that the flywheel rotor (26) exerts torque on the permanent magnet rotor (28) to assist braking and acceleration of the permanent magnet rotor (28) and consequently, the vehicle. An axial gap machine and a radial gap machine are disclosed and methods of the invention are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

56

Mass independent kinetic energy reducing inlet system for vacuum environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A particle inlet system comprises a first chamber having a limiting orifice for an incoming gas stream and a micrometer controlled expansion slit. Lateral components of the momentum of the particles are substantially cancelled due to symmetry of the configuration once the laminar flow converges at the expansion slit. The particles and flow into a second chamber, which is maintained at a lower pressure than the first chamber, and then moves into a third chamber including multipole guides for electromagnetically confining the particle. The vertical momentum of the particles descending through the center of the third chamber is minimized as an upward stream of gases reduces the downward momentum of the particles. The translational kinetic energy of the particles is near-zero irrespective of the mass of the particles at an exit opening of the third chamber, which may be advantageously employed to provide enhanced mass resolution in mass spectrometry.

Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

57

A new water anomaly: the temperature dependence of the proton mean kinetic energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean kinetic energy of protons in water is determined by Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering experiments, performed above and below the temperature of maximum density and in the supercooled phase. The temperature dependence of this energy shows an anomalous behavior, as it occurs for many water properties. In particular two regions of maximum kinetic energy are identified: the first one, in the supercooled phase in the range 269 K - 272 K, and a second one above 273 K. In both these regions the measured proton kinetic energy exceedes the theoretical prediction based on a semi-classical model. Noteworthy, the proton mean kinetic energy has a maximum at 277 K, the temperature of the maximum density of water. In the supercooled metastable phase the measured mean kinetic energy and the proton momentum distribution clearly indicate proton delocalization between two H-bonded oxygens.

Davide Flammini; Fabio Bruni; Maria Antonietta Ricci

2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

58

Mesoscale Energy Spectra of the Mei-Yu Front System. Part I: Kinetic Energy Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale kinetic energy (KE) spectra of the mei-yu front system are investigated through idealized numerical simulations. In the mature stage, the upper-tropospheric KE spectrum resembles a ?3 power law for wavelengths between 1000 and 400 km ...

Jun Peng; Lifeng Zhang; Yu Luo; Yun Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The Kinetic Energy Budgets of Two Severe Storm Producing Extratropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eulerian kinetic energy budgets for the synoptic-scale flow over North America were computed for two cases of cyclone development associated with severe prefrontal convection. Horizontal flux convergence constitutes the major energy source in ...

Franklin R. Robertson; Phillip J. Smith

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An Approach to Kinetic Energy Diagnosis of MesoSynoptic Scale interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To explicitly describe the energy exchange between meso and synoptic-scale motions, a diagnostic scheme of kinetic energy has been developed. By using a horizontal filtering technique, meteorological variables are separated into synoptic and ...

Shou-Jun Chen; Le-Sheng Bai; Ernest C. Kung

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Two?Week Evaluation of Available Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy from NMC and ECMWF Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Available potential energy and kinetic energy distributions for the Northern Hemisphere computed from the FGGE Level IIIa analyses produced at the National Meteorological Center (NMC) and the Level IIIb analyses prepared at the European Centre ...

Thomas L. Koehler; Linda M. Whittaker

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Energy Conservation Tests of a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

63

Budgets of Divergent and Rotational Kinetic Energy during Two Periods of Intense Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Budgets of divergent and rotational components of kinetic energy (KD and KR) are investigated for two periods of intense convection. Derivations of the budget equations are presented for limited volumes in terms of VD and VR. The two periods ...

Dennis E. Buechler; Henry E. Fuelberg

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Seasonal and Spatial Variability of Near-Inertial Kinetic Energy from Historical Moored Velocity Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temporal and spatial patterns of near-inertial kinetic energy (KEmoor) are investigated in a database of 2480 globally distributed, moored current-meter records (deployed on 690 separate moorings) and compared with the distribution of wind-forced ...

Matthew H. Alford; Maya Whitmont

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A Surface Flux Parameterization Based on the Vertically Averaged Turbulence Kinetic Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new bulk transfer formulation for the surface turbulent fluxes of momentum, heat, and moisture has been developed by using the square root of the vertically averaged turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the atmospheric boundary layer as a velocity ...

Changan Zhang; David A. Randall; Chin-Hoh Moeng; Mark Branson; Kerry A. Moyer; Qing Wang

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Measurement of Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate with a Lagrangian Float  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study tests the ability of a neutrally buoyant float to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy ? from its vertical acceleration spectrum using an inertial subrange method. A Lagrangian float was equipped with a SonTek ...

Ren-Chieh Lien; Eric A. D'Asaro

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Buoyant Production and Consumption of Turbulence Kinetic Energy in Cloud-Topped Mixed Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entrainment closure theories for mixed-layer models entail assumptions about how the net rate of buoyant production of turbulence kinetic energy is partitioned into gross production and consumption. Three alternative partitioning theories are ...

David A. Randall

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Roles of Divergent and Rotational Winds in the Kinetic Energy Balance Intense Convective Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contibutions of divergent and rotational wind components to the synoptic-scale kinetic energy balance are described using rawinsonde data at 3 and 6 h intervals from NASAs fourth Atmospheric Variability Experiment (AVE 4). Two intense ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; Peter A. Browning

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Surface Circulation and Kinetic Energy Distributions in the Southern Hemisphere Oceans from FGGE Drifting Buoys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trajectories of approximately 300 satellite-tracked drifting buoys deployed throughout the Southern Hemisphere oceans during the Fiat GARP Global Experiment (FGGE) have been analyzed to infer the mean surface circulation and kinetic energy ...

Steven L. Patterson

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Kinetic Energy of Hailfalls. Part IV: Patterns of Hailpad and Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-and radar-measured patterns of hail kinetic energy from eight hailstorms have been compared. The radar patterns were shifted horizontally in such a way that the correlation coefficient between the ground and radar data reaches a maximum. ...

W. Schmid; H. H. Schiesser; A. Waldvogel

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Using a Stochastic Kinetic Energy Backscatter Scheme to Improve MOGREPS Probabilistic Forecast Skill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved stochastic kinetic energy backscatter scheme, version 2 (SKEB2) has been developed for the Met Office Global and Regional Ensemble Prediction System (MOGREPS). Wind increments at each model time step are derived from a streamfunction ...

Warren J. Tennant; Glenn J. Shutts; Alberto Arribas; Simon A. Thompson

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Reflectivity, Rain Rate, and Kinetic Energy Flux Relationships Based on Raindrop Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between radar reflectivity factor Z, rainfall rate R, and rainfall kinetic energy flux E were analyzed based on a multiyear raindrop spectra dataset recorded by a JossWaldvogel disdrometer in the Goodwin Creek research ...

Matthias Steiner; James A. Smith

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Evaluation of the Kinetic Energy Approach for Modeling Turbulent Fluxesin Stratocumulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The modeling of vertical mixing by a turbulence scheme on the basis of prognostic turbulent kinetic energy (E) and a diagnostic length scale (l) is investigated with particular emphasis on the representation of entrainment. The behavior of this E...

G. Lenderink; A. A. M. Holtslag

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

On Measuring the Terms of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget from an AUV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The terms of the steady-state, homogeneous turbulent kinetic energy budgets are obtained from measurements of turbulence and fine structure from the small autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) Remote Environmental Measuring Units (REMUS). The ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine; Rolf G. Lueck

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Microprocessor Field Impactometer Calibration: Do We Measure Drops Momentum or Their Kinetic Energy?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents the construction and calibration of a low-cost piezoelectric microprocessor impactometer designed for the field measurements of the rainfall kinetic energy (KE) flux. Its precise calibration was performed in laboratory ...

Pawe? Licznar; Janusz ?omotowski; S?awomir B?o?ski; Grzegorz J. Ciach

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Influences of ENSO on Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Kinetic Energy and Its Meridional Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the influences of ENSO on tropical cyclone (TC) kinetic energy and its meridional transport in the western North Pacific (WNP) using the TC wind field obtained after a method for removing TC vortices from reanalysis data is ...

Yao Ha; Zhong Zhong; Yijia Hu; Xiuqun Yang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Derivation of Turbulent Kinetic Energy from a First-Order Nonlocal Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) is derived from a first-order planetary boundary layer (PBL) parameterization for convective boundary layers: the nonlocal K-profile Yonsei University (YSU) PBL. A parameterization for the TKE equation is developed ...

Hyeyum Hailey Shin; Song-You Hong; Yign Noh; Jimy Dudhia

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Kinetic Energy of Hailfalls. Part III: Sampling Errors Inferred, from Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The representativeness of hailfall kinetic energies derived from point measurements of networks is studied by means of radar data of hail cells. The 202 cells were observed within a radius of 60 km from the 10 cm radar. Different Cartesian ...

A. Waldvogel; W. Schmid

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in moving air into rotational energy, which in turn is converted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in moving air into rotational energy, which in turn the wind doesn't blow? Wind Power on the Community Scale Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University Energy Research Laboratory brings you this series of fact sheets about Wind Power on the community scale

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

80

Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Amber Kinetics, Inc. Country United States Headquarters Location Fremont, California Recovery Act Funding $4,000,000.00 Total Project Value $10,000,000.00 Coordinates 37.5482697°, -121.9885719° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Kinetic Energy Budget and Internal Instabilities in the Fine Resolution Antarctic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An energy analysis of the Fine Resolution Antarctic Model (FRAM) reveals the instability processes in the model. The main source of time-mean kinetic energy is the wind stress and the main sink is transfer to mean potential energy. The wind ...

V. O. Ivchenko; A. M. Treguier; S. E. Best

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid ...  

Flywheel Energy Storage Device for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: Abstract: A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, ...

83

Free energy functions in protein structural stability and folding kinetics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The accuracy of the theoretical description of protein folding and protein interactions is directly related to the accuracy of free energy functions developed for describing (more)

Morozov, Alexandre V., 1973-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Verdant-Kinetic Hydropower System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Tidal Energy Technology Resource CurrentTidal Technology Type Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level TRL 78: Open Water System Testing & Demonstration &...

85

Influence of the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability on the kinetic energy spectrum.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fluctuating kinetic energy spectrum in the region near the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) is experimentally investigated using particle image velocimetry (PIV). The velocity field is measured at a high spatial resolution in the light gas to observe the effects of turbulence production and dissipation. It is found that the RMI acts as a source of turbulence production near the unstable interface, where energy is transferred from the scales of the perturbation to smaller scales until dissipation. The interface also has an effect on the kinetic energy spectrum farther away by means of the distorted reflected shock wave. The energy spectrum far from the interface initially has a higher energy content than that of similar experiments with a flat interface. These differences are quick to disappear as dissipation dominates the flow far from the interface.

Weber, Christopher R. (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Estimates of Mass, Momentum and Kinetic Energy Fluxes of the Gulf Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mass, momentum and kinetic-energy fluxes in the Gulf Stream have been estimated from hydrographic data taken by Fuglister in the Gulf Stream 60 project; the data cover the Stream as it flows eastward, from south of Georges Bank to the Grand ...

N. P. Fofonoff; M. M. Hall

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Differences between Kinetic Energy Budget Terms Derived from SESAME and NWS Data Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper air data collected during AVE-SESAME 1, 1200 GMT 10 April 1200 GMT 11 April 1979, are used to detect differences between calculations of kinetic energy budget terms derived from two sets of analyses. Barnes's objective analysis scheme is ...

Dayton G. Vincent; Thomas Q. Carney

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Impact of Various Processes on the Transient Evolution of Spectral Kinetic Energies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geopotential height fields for nine winters (1967/681975/76) and summers on three levels (300, 500, 1000 mb), provided by the German Weather Service, are used to compute daily budgets of kinetic energy (Km) for single zonal wavenumbers m within ...

Heinz-Dieter Schilling

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Kinetic Energy Budget for the MaddenJulian Oscillation in a Multiscale Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kinetic energy budget for the MaddenJulian oscillation (MJO) is established in a three-scale framework. The three scales are the zonal mean, the MJO scale with wavenumbers 14, and the small scale with wavenumbers larger than 4. In the ...

Lei Zhou; Adam H. Sobel; Raghu Murtugudde

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Various Kinetic Energy Characteristics of Hailpatterns in the Grossversuch IV Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regularly spaced 3.8 km2 mesh hailpad network covers 800 km2 in the Grossversuch IV Experiment in Switzerland and allows the recording of distinct hailpatterns and the calculation of their kinetic energy. With natural hailfall data over four ...

Jean Franois Mezeix; Nadie Doras

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A Kinetic Energy Analysis of a microburst-Producing Thunderstorm Based on JAWS Dual-Doppler Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler data collected from 1646 to 1648 MDT 14 July 1982 in Colorado are used to study the kinetic energy budget of a microburst-producing thunderstorm during its mature stage. Values of each term in the kinetic energy budget equation are ...

Yeong-jer Lin; John A. Coover

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

93

Coarse Graining the Vorticity Equation in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System: The Search for Kinetic Energy Backscatter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stochastic kinetic energy backscatter parameterization schemes are now widely used in ensemble prediction systems to account for random error associated with excessive dissipation and unrepresented energy backscatter in numerical weather ...

G. J. Shutts

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy stability analysis for a hybrid fluid-kinetic plasma model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In plasma physics, a hybrid fluid-kinetic model is composed of a magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) part that describes a bulk fluid component and a Vlasov kinetic theory part that describes an energetic plasma component. While most hybrid models in the plasma literature are non-Hamiltonian, this paper investigates a recent Hamiltonian variant in its two-dimensional configuration. The corresponding Hamiltonian structure is described along with its Casimir invariants. Then, the energy-Casimir method is used to derive explicit sufficient stability conditions, which imply a stable spectrum and suggest nonlinear stability.

Philip J. Morrison; Emanuele Tassi; Cesare Tronci

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

A 6-Yr Climatology of Vertical Mean and Shear Components of Kinetic Energy for the AustralianSouth Pacific Jet Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climatology of the kinetic energy associated with the subtropical jet over the AustralianSouth Pacific region is investigated for a 6-yr period, January 1985December 1990, using monthly mean data. The total kinetic energy (TKE) is ...

Matthew D. Eastin; Dayton G. Vincent

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Multiplication of high-energy electrons in irradiated materials studied using the Boltzmann kinetic equation  

SciTech Connect

Processes involved in the formation of electron collision cascades created by nonrelativistic high-energy electrons, which can develop in materials exposed to electron and gamma radiation fluxes, have been considered. The problem is solved using the Boltzmann kinetic equation for high-energy electrons moving in a medium. A model scattering indicatrix is constructed for this equation with an arbitrary potential of interaction between colliding particles. Using this scattering indicatrix, the distribution of the particle energies is obtained. Based on this energy distribution (with an arbitrary interparticle interaction potential), a cascade function is found that describes the multiplication of knock-out electrons (electron cascade) generated when a high-energy electron with a certain energy is scattered on the electron subsystem of the irradiated material. The cascade function has been calculated for the Coulomb potential of the interaction between a high-energy electron and atomic-shell electrons.

Ryazanov, A. I., E-mail: ryazanoff@eomail.ru; Mogilyuk, T. I.; Semenov, E. V. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Anomalous kinetic energy of a system of dust particles in a gas discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect

The system of equations of motion of dust particles in a near-electrode layer of a gas discharge has been formulated taking into account fluctuations of the charge of a dust particle and the features of the nearelectrode layer of the discharge. The molecular dynamics simulation of the system of dust particles has been carried out. Performing a theoretical analysis of the simulation results, a mechanism of increasing the average kinetic energy of dust particles in the gas discharge plasma has been proposed. According to this mechanism, the heating of the vertical oscillations of dust particles is initiated by induced oscillations generated by fluctuations of the charge of dust particles, and the energy transfer from vertical to horizontal oscillations can be based on the parametric resonance phenomenon. The combination of the parametric and induced resonances makes it possible to explain an anomalously high kinetic energy of dust particles. The estimate of the frequency, amplitude, and kinetic energy of dust particles are close to the respective experimental values.

Norman, G. E., E-mail: norman@ihed.ras.ru; Stegailov, V. V., E-mail: stegailov@gmail.com; Timofeev, A. V., E-mail: timofeevalvl@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

The representation of rainfall drop-size distribution and kinetic energy Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 10011007 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The representation of rainfall drop-size distribution and kinetic energy 1001 Hydrology and Earth-size distribution and kinetic energy Neil I. Fox Department of Soil, Environmental and Atmospheric Sciences373 Mc component of drop velocity. Keywords: drop-size distribution, drop kinetic energy, soil erosion Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Turbulent Kinetic Energy in the Oklahoma City Urban Environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A major field experiment, Joint URBAN 2003 (JU2003), was conducted in Oklahoma City in July 2003 to collect meteorological and tracer data sets for evaluating dispersion models in urban areas. The Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency were the primary sponsors of JU2003. Investigators from five Department of Energy national laboratories, several other government agencies, universities, private companies, and international agencies conducted the experiment. Observations to characterize the meteorology in and around the urban area complemented the observation of the dispersion of SF6, an inert tracer gas. Over one hundred threedimensional sonic anemometers were deployed in and around the urban area to monitor wind speed, direction, and turbulence fluxes during releases of SF6. Sonic deployment locations included a profile of eight sonic anemometers mounted on a crane less than 1 km north of the central business district (CBD). Using data from these and other sonic anemometers deployed in the urban area, we can quantify the effect of the urban area on atmospheric turbulence and compare results seen in OKC to those in other urban areas to assess the parameters typically used in parameterizations of urban turbulence.

Lundquist, J; Leach, M; Gouveia, F

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

New Kinetic Equations and Bogolyubov Energy Spectrum in a Fermi Quantum Plasma  

SciTech Connect

New type of quantum kinetic equations of the Fermi particles are derived. The Bogolyubov's type of dispersion relation, which is valid for the Bose fluid, is disclosed. Model of neutral Bose atoms in dense strongly coupled plasmas with attractive interaction is discussed. A set of fluid equations describing the quantum plasmas is obtained. Furthermore, the equation of the internal energy of degenerate Fermi plasma particles is derived.

Tsintsadze, Nodar L. [Department of Plasma Physics, E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, Tbilisi (Georgia); Tsintsadze, Levan N. [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan)

2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Microscopic approach of fission dynamics applied to fragment kinetic energy and mass distributions in 238U  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The collective dynamics of low energy fission in 238U is described within a time-dependent formalism based on the Gaussian Overlap Approximation of the time-dependent Generator Coordinate Method. The intrinsic deformed configurations of the nucleus are determined from the self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov procedure employing the effective force D1S with constraints on the quadrupole and octupole moments. Fragment kinetic energy and mass distributions are calculated and compared with experimental evaluations. The effect of the collective dynamics along the fission paths and the influence of initial conditions on these distributions are analyzed and discussed.

H. Goutte; J. F. Berger; P. Casoli; D. Gogny

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Development of symmetry-resolved zero-kinetic-energy photoelectron spectroscopy for probing multielectron processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new experimental setup for probing multielectron processes in molecular inner-shell ionization regions has been developed. Symmetry-resolved zero-kinetic-energy (ZEKE) spectra have been measured by scanning the photon energy along with monitoring the intensity of the coincidence signals between ZEKE electrons and fragment ions detected at 0 deg. and 90 deg. relative to the electric vector of the light. The actual performance of the method is illustrated by using it to reveal the symmetry decomposition of the multielectron processes, such as double excitations and shake-up satellites, in the K-shell ionization region of nitrogen.

Gejo, T.; Nakamura, E.; Shigemasa, E. [UVSOR Facility, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Three-Dimensional Structure of Perturbation Kinetic Energy and Its Relationship to the Zonal Wind Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We seek relationships between the perturbation kinetic energy (PKE), the zonal wind, and outgoing longwave radiation. It is found that the mean low-level PKE extratropical maxima are located at the atmospheric centers of action (e.g., the ...

Peter J. Webster; Song Yang

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A Semigeostrophic Eady-Wave Frontal Model Incorporating Momentum Diffusion. Part II: Kinetic Energy and Enstrophy Dissipation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Momentum diffusion has been introduced into a semigeostrophic Eady-wave frontal model by Blumen (Part I). This model is used to determine the kinetic energy and enstrophy dissipations within a frontal zone that extends from the ground to a ...

William Blumen

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Horizontal Kinetic Energy Spectrum and Spectral Budget Simulated by a High-Resolution TroposphereStratosphereMesosphere GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal kinetic energy spectra simulated by high-resolution versions of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory SKYHI middle-atmosphere general circulation model are examined. The model versions considered resolve heights between the ground ...

John N. Koshyk; Kevin Hamilton

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Transformation of Tropical Storm Agnes into an Extratropical Cyclone. Part II: Moisture, Vorticity and Kinetic Energy Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture, vorticity and kinetic energy budgets are constructed to diagnose the transformation of tropical storm Agnes (June 1972) into an extratropical cyclone in this second of two papers on Agnes. The vertical motions and divergent wind ...

Geoffrey J. DiMego; Lance F. Bosart

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Barotropic Impacts of Surface Friction on Eddy Kinetic Energy and Momentum Fluxes: An Alternative to the Barotropic Governor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the surface drag is increased in a comprehensive general circulation model (GCM), the upper-level zonal winds decrease and eddy momentum flux convergence into the jet core increases. Globally averaged eddy kinetic energy decreases, a response ...

Elizabeth A. Barnes; Chaim I. Garfinkel

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Calculating kinetics parameters and reactivity changes with continuous-energy Monte Carlo  

SciTech Connect

The iterated fission probability interpretation of the adjoint flux forms the basis for a method to perform adjoint weighting of tally scores in continuous-energy Monte Carlo k-eigenvalue calculations. Applying this approach, adjoint-weighted tallies are developed for two applications: calculating point reactor kinetics parameters and estimating changes in reactivity from perturbations. Calculations are performed in the widely-used production code, MCNP, and the results of both applications are compared with discrete ordinates calculations, experimental measurements, and other Monte Carlo calculations.

Kiedrowski, Brian C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Forrest B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, Paul [UNIV. WISCONSIN

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Numerical simulations of gun-launched kinetic energy projectiles subjected to asymmetric projectile base pressure  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional numerical simulations were performed to determine the effect of an asymmetric base pressure on kinetic energy projectiles during launch. A matrix of simulations was performed in two separate launch environments. One launch environment represented a severe lateral load environment, while the other represented a nonsevere lateral load environment based on the gun tube straightness. The orientation of the asymmetric pressure field, its duration, the projectile`s initial position, and the tube straightness were altered to determine the effects of each parameter. The pressure asymmetry translates down the launch tube to exit parameters and is washed out by tube profile. Results from the matrix of simulations are presented.

Rabern, D.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Numerical simulations of gun-launched kinetic energy projectiles subjected to asymmetric projectile base pressure  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional numerical simulations were performed to determine the effect of an asymmetric base pressure on kinetic energy projectiles during launch. A matrix of simulations was performed in two separate launch environments. One launch environment represented a severe lateral load environment, while the other represented a nonsevere lateral load environment based on the gun tube straightness. The orientation of the asymmetric pressure field, its duration, the projectile's initial position, and the tube straightness were altered to determine the effects of each parameter. The pressure asymmetry translates down the launch tube to exit parameters and is washed out by tube profile. Results from the matrix of simulations are presented.

Rabern, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj ON THE KINETIC ENERGY AND RADIATIVE EFFICIENCY OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using measured X-ray luminosities to 17 Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) during the afterglow phase and accounting for radiative losses, we calculate the kinetic energy of these bursts and investigate its relation to other GRB properties. We then use the observed radiated energy during the prompt phase to determine the radiative efficiency of these bursts, and explore how the efficiency relates to other GRB observables. We find that the kinetic energy in the afterglow phase is directly correlated with the radiated energy, total energy as well as possibly the jet opening angle and spectral peak energy. More importantly, we find the intriguing fact that the efficiency is correlated with the radiated energy, and mildly with the total energy, jet opening angle and spectral peak energy. XRF020903 also seems to follow the trends we find for our GRB sample. We discuss the implications of these results for the GRB radiation and jet models. 1.

Nicole M. Lloyd-ronning; Bing Zhang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Plasma Kinetic Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basic and Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Tenth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

B. Weyssow

113

On the Exchange of Kinetic and Magnetic Energy Between Clouds and the Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate, through 2D MHD numerical simulations, the interaction of a uniform magnetic field oblique to a moving interstellar cloud. In particular we explore the transformation of cloud kinetic energy into magnetic energy as a result of field line stretching. Some previous simulations have emphasized the possible dynamical importance of a ``magnetic shield'' formed around clouds when the magnetic field is perpendicular to the cloud motion (Jones et al. 1996, Miniati et al. 1998). It was not clear, however, how dependent those findings were to the assumed field configuration and cloud properties. To expand our understanding of this effect, we examine several new cases by varing the magnetic field orientation angle with respect to the cloud motion (\\theta), the cloud-background density contrast, and the cloud Mach number. We show that in 2D and with \\theta large enough, the magnetic field tension can become dominant in the dynamics of the motion of high density contrast, low Mach number clouds. In such cases a significant fraction of cloud kinetic energy can be transformed into magnetic energy with the magnetic pressure at the cloud nose exceeding the ram pressure of the impinging flow. We derive a characteristic timescale for this process of energy ``conversion''. We find also that unless the cloud motion is highly aligned to the magnetic field, reconnection through tearing mode instabilities in the cloud wake limit the formation of a strong flux rope feature following the cloud. Finally we attempt to interpret some observational properties of the magnetic field in view of our results.

Francesco Miniati; T. W. Jones; Dongsu Ryu

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

114

SEMIEMPIRICAL CORRELATION OF FISSION-YIELD AND KINETIC-ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS  

SciTech Connect

A statistical approach to a theory of fission was introduced by Fong. In the final development of the fission theory, however, Fong made extensive use of the liquid-drop model, thus departing from the purely statistical approach. T. D. Newton revived and improved the statistical approach sufficiently to show that it might reproduce some but not all of the properties of the fission process. Improved atomic masses and nuclearlevel spacings are used in Newton's formulation of the statistical theory of fission. The integrals of the theory are evaluated with fewer approximations. Agreement is obtained with Newton's conclusion that the statistical approach is by itself inadequate, but it is found that it can form the basis of a semiempirical procedure for correlating fission yields and kinetic-energy distributions. (W.D.M.)

Cameron, A.G.W.

1959-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Ion-Kinetic-Energy Measurements and Energy Balance in a Z-Pinch Plasma at Stagnation E. Kroupp, D. Osin, A. Starobinets, V. Fisher, V. Bernshtam, and Y. Maron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allowed for tracking the ion-kinetic-energy history throughout the entire K emission period of the energy balance requires information on the histories of the mass, electron temperature, and ionIon-Kinetic-Energy Measurements and Energy Balance in a Z-Pinch Plasma at Stagnation E. Kroupp, D

116

A Kinetic Energy Climatology of Flow Regimes Associated with 500 mb Waves over North America in Winter and Spring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic analysis of kinetic energy budgets for midlatitude 500 mb synoptic-scale waves in the winterspring season is presented. The data used were standard twice-daily rawinsonde observations in 50 mb increments from the surface to 100 mb ...

Yi-Tsuei Pai Sheu; Phillip J. Smith

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

On the Effect of Ocean Waves on the Kinetic Energy Balance and Consequences for the Inertial Dissipation Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For large wind speed (in practice >15 m s?1) observations of the surface stress by means of the inertial dissipation technique are so close to the surface that effects of growing ocean waves on the turbulent kinetic energy budget should be taken ...

Peter A. E. M. Janssen

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

ON THE KINETIC ENERGY AND RADIATIVE EFFICIENCY OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS Nicole M. Lloyd-Ronning1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON THE KINETIC ENERGY AND RADIATIVE EFFICIENCY OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS Nicole M. Lloyd-Ronning1 of 17 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) during the afterglow phase and ac- counting for radiative losses, we the implications of these results for the GRB radiation and jet models. Subject headinggs: gamma rays: bursts

Zhang, Bing

119

Neutron emission effects on fragment mass and kinetic energy distribution from fission of 239{sup Pu} induced by thermal neutrons  

SciTech Connect

The average of fragment kinetic energy (E-bar sign*) and the multiplicity of prompt neutrons ({nu}(bar sign)) as a function of fragment mass (m*), as well as the fragment mass yield (Y(m*)) from thermal neutron-induced fission of {sup 239}Pu have been measured by Tsuchiya et al.. In that work the mass and kinetic energy are calculated from the measured kinetic energy of one fragment and the difference of time of flight of the two complementary fragments. However they do not present their results about the standard deviation {sigma}{sub E}*(m*). In this work we have made a numerical simulation of that experiment which reproduces its results, assuming an initial distribution of the primary fragment kinetic energy (E(A)) with a constant value of the standard deviation as function of fragment mass ({sigma}{sub E}(A)). As a result of the simulation we obtain the dependence {sigma}{sub E}*(m*) which presents an enhancement between m* = 92 and m* = 110, and a peak at m* = 121.

Montoya, M. [Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Av. Canada 1470, Lima 41 (Peru); Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Av. Tupac Amaru 210, Apartado 31-139, Lima (Peru); Rojas, J. [Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Av. Canada 1470, Lima 41 (Peru); Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av. Venezuela Cdra 34, Apartado Postal 14-0149, Lima 1 (Peru); Lobato, I. [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Av. Tupac Amaru 210, Apartado 31-139, Lima (Peru)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Numerical Solution of the Mellor-Yamada Level 2.5 Turbulent Kinetic Energy Equation in the Eta Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is presented for obtaining the numerical solution of the production-dissipation component of the turbulent kinetic energy equation that arises in the Mellor-Yamada level 2.5 turbulent closure model. The development of this new method ...

Joseph P. Gerrity Jr.; Thomas L. Black; Russell E. Treadon

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Subsynoptic-Scale Kinetic Energy Analysis of the Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak (AVE-SESAME I)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetic energy balance during the Red River Valley tornado outbreak (1011 April 1979) is examined using mesa a-scale rawinsonde data from the first regional-scale day of AVE-SESAME 1979. Computational procedures account for non-simultaneous ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; Gary J. Jedlovec

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Challenge of creating accurate and effective kinetic-energy functionals Srinivasan S. Iyengar, Matthias Ernzerhof, Sergey N. Maximoff, and Gustavo E. Scuseria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kinetic energy functional, which provides re- sults accurate enough for chemical applications, is still on from being reliable for chemical applications DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.63.052508 PACS number s : 31.15.Ew on the ability of various approximate kinetic-energy func- tionals to describe chemical transformations

Iyengar, Srinivasan S.

123

Position and energy-resolved particle detection using phonon-mediated microwave kinetic inductance detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate position and energy-resolved phonon-mediated detection of particle interactions in a silicon substrate instrumented with an array of microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs). The relative magnitude and delay of the signal received in each sensor allow the location of the interaction to be determined with < or approx. 1mm resolution at 30 keV. Using this position information, variations in the detector response with position can be removed, and an energy resolution of {sigma}{sub E} = 0.55 keV at 30 keV was measured. Since MKIDs can be fabricated from a single deposited film and are naturally multiplexed in the frequency domain, this technology can be extended to provide highly pixelized athermal phonon sensors for {approx}1 kg scale detector elements. Such high-resolution, massive particle detectors would be applicable to rare-event searches such as the direct detection of dark matter, neutrinoless double-beta decay, or coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering.

Moore, D. C.; Golwala, S. R.; Cornell, B. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Bumble, B.; Day, P. K.; LeDuc, H. G. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States); Zmuidzinas, J. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

124

Evidence from the Special Relativity and Blackbody Radiation Theories for the Existence of Photons Possessing Zero Kinetic Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The traditional interpretation of radiative emission and absorption asserts that photons are created and annihilated in such processes. A Gedanken experiment is considered in which kinetic energy from observed photons is systematically removed until a limit of zero is reached. With the help of the relativistic Doppler effect it is shown that even for infinitesimally small kinetic energies the photons continue to exist, since in other inertial systems they will be observed to have a much higher energy/frequency falling in an easily detectable range. It is possible to formulate an alternative explanation for absorption and emission processes on this basis in terms of real photons with exactly zero kinetic energy being present before or after radiative interactions. Bolstering this hypothesis is the fact that the statistical mechanical treatment of photons interacting with oscillators in blackbody radiation theory predicts an infinite density of photons of this energy, both in the original Planck formulation employing Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics and in the subsequent Bose-Einstein description. These considerations demonstrate that the E = 0 state is greatly preferred as the product of absorption because of the requirement to have the interaction occur in a relatively narrow region of space- time. There is thus strong evidence that photons are not created and annihilated in radiative processes but simply have their kinetic energy changed either to or from a zero value. Accordingly a very high density of zero-energy photons is expected to exist uniformly throughout the universe. Finally, this development suggests that one should subject the creation-annihilation hypothesis to careful scrutiny in other areas of physics as well.

Robert J. Buenker

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

125

Kinetic energy deficit in the symmetric fission of /sup 259/Md. [Light particle emission in /sup 256/Fm fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fragment energies of about 725 coincidence events have now been observed in the spontaneous fission (SF) decay of 105-min /sup 259/Md since its discovery in 1977. The fission of /sup 259/Md is characterized by a symmetric mass distribution, similar to those of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, but with a broad total kinetic energy (anti TKE) distribution which peaks at about 195 MeV, in contrast to those of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, for which the anti TKE is about 240 MeV. This kinetic energy deficit, approx. 40 MeV, has been postulated to be due to the emission of hydrogen-like particles by /sup 259/Md at the scission point in a large fraction of the fissions, leaving the residual fissioning nucleus with 100 protons. The residual nucleus would then be able to divide into two ultrastable tin-like fission fragments, but with less kinetic energy than that observed in the SF of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, because of binding-energy losses and a reduction in the Coulomb repulsion of the major fragments. To test this hypothesis, counter-telescope experiments aimed at detecting and identifying these light particles were performed. In 439 SF events 3 + 3 protons of the appropriate energy were observed, too few to account for the kinetic energy deficit in the fission of /sup 259/Md. There seems to be no explanation for this problem within the framework of current fission theory. These results are discussed along with preliminary measurements of light-particle emission in the SF of /sup 256/Fm. 5 figures.

Hulet, E.K.; Wild, J.F.; Lougheed, R.W.; Baisden, P.A.; Dougan, R.J.; Mustafa, M.G.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Application of a kinetic energy partitioning scheme for ab initio molecular dynamics to reactions associated with ionization in water tetramers  

SciTech Connect

We give the details of a new partitioning scheme of the kinetic energy in molecular dynamics. The scheme utilizes instantaneous internal coordinates and atomic velocities, and at the lowest level separates the kinetic energy into solute and solvent (or bath) contributions. We illustrate its application in an analysis of the short-time dynamics of cyclic and branched water tetramers after an ionization event. The analysis supports the partitioning of the tetrameric systems into two subsystems, a reactive trimer and a solvent molecule. The partitioned kinetic energy exhibits two features, a broad peak assigned to the interaction between the two sub-systems and a sharper peak arising from the proton transfer that occurs upon ionization. It is found that the stability of the hydroxyl radical formed upon ionization is sensitive to the instantaneous configuration of the water molecules around the ionized water. Michel Dupuis was supported in part by the Division of Chemical Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This research was performed in part using the Molecular Science Computing Facility in the he William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) at the PNNL. The EMSL is funded by DOEs Office of Biological and Environmental Research. PNNL is operated by Battelle for DOE.

Furuhama, Ayako; Dupuis, Michel; Hirao, Kimihiko

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Dynamical interpretation of average fission-fragment kinetic energy systematics and nuclear scission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamical interpretation of the well-known systematics for average total kinetic energy of fission fragments over a wide range of the Coulomb parameter (600fission theory--at zero neck radius and at finite neck radius--have been applied in dynamical calculations. Both have resulted in a fairly good description of the dependence of on the Coulomb parameter. The results of dynamical calculations of within three-dimensional Langevin dynamics show that the mean distance between the centers of mass of nascent fragments at the scission configuration increases linearly with the parameter Z{sup 2}/A{sup 1/3}. This distance changes approximately from 2.35R{sub 0} for {sup 119}Xe to 2.6R{sub 0} for {sup 256}Fm. In spite of this increase in mean distance between future fragments at scission, the linear dependence of on the parameter Z{sup 2}/A{sup 1/3} remains approximately valid over a wide range of the Coulomb parameter Z{sup 2}/A{sup 1/3}.

Nadtochy, P.N. [GSI, Plankstrasse 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Omsk State University, Department of Theoretical Physics, Mira Prospect 55-A, RU-644077 Omsk (Russian Federation); Adeev, G.D. [Omsk State University, Department of Theoretical Physics, Mira Prospect 55-A, RU-644077 Omsk (Russian Federation)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Structure and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Materials Science in Reduced Gravity: Structure and Kinetics ... Bias fields comprise weak interface energy sources that result from the vector...

129

Laser sustained discharge nozzle apparatus for the production of an intense beam of high kinetic energy atomic species  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Laser sustained discharge apparatus for the production of intense beams of high kinetic energy atomic species. A portion of the plasma resulting from a laser sustained continuous optical discharge which generates energetic atomic species from a gaseous source thereof is expanded through a nozzle into a region of low pressure. The expanded plasma contains a significant concentration of the high kinetic energy atomic species which may be used to investigate the interaction of surfaces therewith. In particular, O-atoms having velocities in excess of 3.5 km/s can be generated for the purpose of studying their interaction with materials in order to develop protective materials for spacecraft which are exposed to such energetic O-atoms during operation in low earth orbit.

Cross, Jon B. (Santa Fe, NM); Cremers, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Laser sustained discharge nozzle apparatus for the production of an intense beam of high kinetic energy atomic species  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Laser sustained discharge apparatus for the production of intense beams of high kinetic energy atomic species is described. A portion of the plasma resulting from a laser sustained continuous optical discharge which generates energetic atomic species from a gaseous source thereof is expanded through a nozzle into a region of low pressure. The expanded plasma contains a significant concentration of the high kinetic energy atomic species which may be used to investigate the interaction of surfaces therewith. In particular, O-atoms having velocities in excess of 3.5 km/s can be generated for the purpose of studying their interaction with materials in order to develop protective materials for spacecraft which are exposed to such energetic O-atoms during operation in low earth orbit.

Cross, J.B.; Cremers, D.A.

1986-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Wave Theory / Proceedings of the Tenth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

D. Van Eester; E. Lerche

132

The Mesoscale Forcing of a Midlatitude Upper-Tropospheric Jet Streak by a Simulated Convective System. Part II: Kinetic Energy and Resolution Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kinetic energy (KE) analysis of the forcing of a mesoscale upper-tropospheric jet streak by organized diabaaic processes within the simulated convective system (SCS) that was discussed in Part I is presented in this study. The relative ...

Bart J. Wolf; Donald R. Johnson

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Atmospheric Boundary Layer during Swell: A Field Study and Interpretation of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget for High Wave Ages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of the turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) budget for five slightly unstable cases with swell has been performed based on measurements of mechanical production, buoyancy production, turbulent transport, and dissipation at five levels over the ...

U. Hgstrm; A. Smedman; E. Sahle; W. M. Drennan; K. K. Kahma; H. Pettersson; F. Zhang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Velocity and Eddy Kinetic Energy of the Gulf Stream System from 700-m SOFAR Floats Subsampled to Simulate Pop-up Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Velocity and eddy kinetic energy were calculated from SOFAR (sound fixing and ranging) float trajectories using original daily values and values subsampled at intervals of 15, 30, and 60 days to simulate pop-up floats that surface for position ...

P. L. Richardson

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A Spectral Stochastic Kinetic Energy Backscatter Scheme and Its Impact on Flow-Dependent Predictability in the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding model error in state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction models and representing its impact on flow-dependent predictability remains a complex and mostly unsolved problem. Here, a spectral stochastic kinetic energy backscatter ...

J. Berner; G. J. Shutts; M. Leutbecher; T. N. Palmer

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Influence of Atmospheric Stability on the Budgets of the Reynolds Stress and Turbulent Kinetic Energy within and above a Deciduous Forest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows that the inclusion of thermal effects is necessary to correctly interpret the physical processes involved in the generation or suppression of Reynolds stress and turbulent kinetic energy inside a form canopy. In both of thew ...

M. Y. Leclerc; R. H. Shaw; G. Den Hartog; H. H. Neumann

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Application of a kinetic energy partitioning scheme for ab initio molecular dynamics to reactions associated with ionization in water tetramers  

SciTech Connect

We give the details of a partitioning scheme of the kinetic energy in molecular dynamics based on instantaneous internal coordinates and atomic velocities. The scheme applied to the analysis of the short-time dynamics after ionization in cyclic and branched water tetramers illustrates that the tetrameric systems can be usefully partitioned into two subsystems, a reactive trimer and a solvent molecule. The partitioned kinetic energy exhibits a broad peak that can be assigned to the interaction between the two sub-systems, and a sharper peak arising from the proton transfer that occurs upon ionization. Comparison of the dynamics in tetramer clusters suggests that the stability of the hydroxyl radical formed upon ionization depends on the instantaneous configuration of the water molecules around the ionized water. These findings are consistent with those reported earlier for the (H2O)17 cluster. This work was supported in part by the Division of Chemical Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This research was performed in part using the Molecular Science Computing Facility in the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The EMSL is funded by DOEs Office of Biological and Environmental Research. PNNL is operated by Battelle for DOE.

Furuhama, Ayako; Dupuis, Michel; Hirao, Kimihiko

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

Thermodynamics and Kinetics Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Staff (06/28/2013). Thermodynamic & Kinetic Data for Sustainable Energy (10/05/2012). Thermodynamics and Kinetics Group (07/06/2013 ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Balance of Kinetic and Total Energy Simulated by the OSU Two-Level Atmospheric General Circulation Model for January and July  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The horizontal structure of the balances of kinetic energy and total energy simulated by the Oregon State University (OSU) two-level atmospheric general circulation model are studied for January and July on the basis of a three-year simulation ...

Jough-Tai Wang; Jeong-Woo Kim; W. Lawrence Gates

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Effects of Neutron Emission on Fragment Mass and Kinetic Energy Distribution from Thermal Neutron-Induced Fission of {sup 235}U  

SciTech Connect

The mass and kinetic energy distribution of nuclear fragments from thermal neutron-induced fission of {sup 235}U(n{sub th},f) have been studied using a Monte-Carlo simulation. Besides reproducing the pronounced broadening in the standard deviation of the kinetic energy at the final fragment mass number around m = 109, our simulation also produces a second broadening around m = 125. These results are in good agreement with the experimental data obtained by Belhafaf et al. and other results on yield of mass. We conclude that the obtained results are a consequence of the characteristics of the neutron emission, the sharp variation in the primary fragment kinetic energy and mass yield curves. We show that because neutron emission is hazardous to make any conclusion on primary quantities distribution of fragments from experimental results on final quantities distributions.

Montoya, M. [Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Av. Canada 1470, Lima 41 (Peru); Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Av. Tupac Amaru 210, Apartado 31-139, Lima (Peru); Rojas, J. [Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Av. Canada 1470, Lima 41 (Peru); Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av. Venezuela Cdra 34, Apartado Postal 14-0149, Lima 1 (Peru); Saetone, E. [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Av. Tupac Amaru 210, Apartado 31-139, Lima (Peru)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy transfer kinetics in oxy-fluoride glass and glass-ceramics doped with rare-earth ions  

SciTech Connect

An investigation of donor-acceptor energy transfer kinetics in dual rare earths doped precursor oxy-fluoride glass and its glass-ceramics containing NaYF{sub 4} nano-crystals is reported here, using three different donor-acceptor ion combinations such as Nd-Yb, Yb-Dy, and Nd-Dy. The precipitation of NaYF{sub 4} nano-crystals in host glass matrix under controlled post heat treatment of precursor oxy-fluoride glasses has been confirmed from XRD, FESEM, and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis. Further, the incorporation of dopant ions inside fluoride nano-crystals has been established through optical absorption and TEM-EDX analysis. The noticed decreasing trend in donor to acceptor energy transfer efficiency from precursor glass to glass-ceramics in all three combinations have been explained based on the structural rearrangements that occurred during the heat treatment process. The reduced coupling phonon energy for the dopant ions due to fluoride environment and its influence on the overall phonon assisted contribution in energy transfer process has been illustrated. Additionally, realization of a correlated distribution of dopant ions causing clustering inside nano-crystals has also been reported.

Sontakke, Atul D.; Annapurna, K. [Glass Science and Technology Section, CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196, Raja S. C. Mullick Road, Kolkata - 700 032 (India)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Diffusivity, Kinetic Energy Dissipation, and Closure Theories for the Poleward Eddy Heat Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffusive eddy closure theory for estimating the poleward heat flux is reexamined and tested in the context of a two-layer homogeneous model. Consideration of the inverse energy cascade induced by baroclinic turbulence on the ? plane leads to an ...

G. Lapeyre; I. M. Held

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Measurement of the Rates of Production and Dissipation of Turbulent Kinetic Energy in an Energetic Tidal Flow: Red Wharf Bay Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simultaneous measurements of the rates of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) dissipation (?) and production (P) have been made over a period of 24 h at a tidally energetic site in the northern Irish Sea in water of 25-m depth. Some ? profiles from 5 ...

Tom P. Rippeth; John H. Simpson; Eirwen Williams; Mark E. Inall

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Molecular Recognition in Cyclodextrin Complexes of Amino Acid Derivatives: The Effects of Kinetic Energy on the Molecular Recognition of a Pseudopeptide in a Nonconstraining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Recognition in Cyclodextrin Complexes of Amino Acid Derivatives: The Effects of Kinetic Energy on the Molecular Recognition of a Pseudopeptide in a Nonconstraining Host Environment as Revealed-acetyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester has been determined at several temperatures between 298 and 20 K to further study molecular

Vold, Robert

145

Economic and kinetic studies of the production of chemicals and farm energy by fermentation of biomass  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The farm energy system has been constructed in Drury, Missouri. The purpose of this unit is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing energy for farms (heat and electricity) from methane produced by anaerobic digestion of crop residues and other crop materials. The acid hydrolysis pre-treatment of corn stover studies utilize a two stage sulfuric acid contact. In the first stage, dilute sulfuric acid is used to hydrolyze the pentosan fraction of ground biomass. The second stage uses concentrated sulfuric acid for hexosan hydrolysis. The use of the two steps give high yields, possible with concentrated acid, without the problems of pentose decomposition.

Gaddy, J.L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves - Part III: Inhomogeneous Plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

P. U. Lamalle

147

Kinetic Theory of Plasma Waves - Part I: Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic Theory / Proceedings of the Ninth Carolus Magnus Summer School on Plasma and Fusion Energy Physics

P. U. Lamalle

148

Kinetic energy of hydrogen in. beta. -V sub 2 H studied by neutron Compton scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen dissolves in nearly all metals in large quantities, occupying interstitial sites which are energetic minima of the hydrogen potential. Experimentally, this potential can be determined by neutron vibrational spectroscopy (NVS) and, recently, by neutron Compton scattering (NCS) i.e. either by a measurement of the excitation energies of the localized hydrogen vibrations or by a measurement of the hydrogen momentum distribution. In this brief communication we report on what we believe is the first NCS experiment on a metal hydride. For the system to be investigated we chose {beta}-V{sub 2}H, an ordered hydride phase with hydrogen on pseudotetragonal octahedral sites. 3 figs., 7 refs.

Hempelmann, R.; Richter, D. (Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Festkoerperforschung); Price, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Erbium hydride decomposition kinetics.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) is used to study the decomposition kinetics of erbium hydride thin films. The TDS results presented in this report are analyzed quantitatively using Redhead's method to yield kinetic parameters (E{sub A} {approx} 54.2 kcal/mol), which are then utilized to predict hydrogen outgassing in vacuum for a variety of thermal treatments. Interestingly, it was found that the activation energy for desorption can vary by more than 7 kcal/mol (0.30 eV) for seemingly similar samples. In addition, small amounts of less-stable hydrogen were observed for all erbium dihydride films. A detailed explanation of several approaches for analyzing thermal desorption spectra to obtain kinetic information is included as an appendix.

Ferrizz, Robert Matthew

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Kinetic Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a minimalist kinetic model for economies. A system of agents with local trading rules display emergent demand behaviour. We examine the resulting wealth distribution to look for non-thermal behaviour. We compare and contrast this model with other similar models.

Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Investigating Grain Boundary Structure-Kinetic Property ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Grain boundary energy landscapes contain all the information that is required to describe the kinetic behavior of grain boundaries (GBs).

152

Condensed-phase kinetic deuterium isotope effects in high-energy phenomena: Mechanistic investigations and relationships. Technical report, January 1975-December 1989  

SciTech Connect

The rate-controlling mechanistic step of an energetic material's condensed phase thermochemical decomposition process is determined directly using the kinetic deuterium isotope effect (KDIE) approach. The KDIE is used with isothermal DSC and isothermal TGA analyses of TNT, HNBB, TATB, RDX, HMX, and their deuterium labeled analogs. The decomposition processes' rate-controlling step possibly can change as the energetic material physical state varies. The condensed phase KDIE approach that determines the rate-controlling mechanistic step in a slow thermochemical decomposition process, can be extended into the progressively more drastic high energy regimes encountered with the rapid pyrolytic decomposition/deflagration process, plus the higher temperature/pressure combustion, thermal explosion, and detonation events. The KDIE determined mechanistic relationships between the slow thermochemical decomposition process and more hostile high energy events are individually described for HMX, RDX, TATB, and TNT.

Shackelford, S.A.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Ab initio study of low-energy electron collisions with tertafluoroethene, C2F4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the overall kinetic energy matrix, while not diagonal, canthe kinetic energy operator has a blocked matrix structure,Matrix elements of derivative operators, such as the kinetic energy,

Trevisan, C.S.; Orel, A.E.; Rescigno, T.N.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Kinetic advantage of controlled intermediate nuclear fusion  

SciTech Connect

The dominated process of controlled fusion is to let nuclei gain enough kinetic energy to overcome Coulomb barrier. As a result, a fusion scheme can consider two factors in its design: to increase kinetic energy of nuclei and to alter the Coulomb barrier. Cold Fusion and Hot fusion are all one-factor schemes while Intermediate Fusion is a twofactors scheme. This made CINF kinetically superior. Cold Fusion reduces deuteron-deuteron distance, addressing Coulomb barrier, and Hot Fusion heat up plasma into extreme high temperature, addressing kinetic energy. Without enough kinetic energy made Cold Fusion skeptical. Extreme high temperature made Hot Fusion very difficult to engineer. Because CIFN addresses both factors, CIFN is a more promising technique to be industrialized.

Guo Xiaoming [Physics and Computer Science Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3C5 (Canada)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number of employees Number of employees Telephone number Website Coordinates Region ABS Alaskan Inc Van Horn Rd Fairbanks Alaska Gateway Solar Wind energy Marine and Hydrokinetic Solar PV Solar thermal Wind Hydro Small scale wind turbine up to kW and solar systems distributor http www absak com United States AER NY Kinetics LLC PO Box Entrance Avenue Ogdensburg Marine and Hydrokinetic United States AW Energy Lars Sonckin kaari Espoo FI Marine and Hydrokinetic http www aw energy com Finland AWS Ocean Energy formerly Oceanergia Redshank House Alness Point Business Park Alness Ross shire IV17 UP Marine and Hydrokinetic http www awsocean com United Kingdom Able Technologies Audubon Road Englewood Marine and Hydrokinetic http

156

Kinetics and energy states of nanoclusters in the initial stage of homogeneous condensation at high supersaturation degrees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The condensation of metal vapor in an inert gas is studied by the molecular dynamics method. Two condensation regimes are investigated: with maintenance of partial pressure of the metal vapor and with a fixed number of metal atoms in the system. The main focus is the study of the cluster energy distribution over the degrees of freedom and mechanisms of the establishment of thermal equilibrium. It is shown that the internal temperature of a cluster considerably exceeds the buffer gas temperature and the thermal balance is established for a time considerably exceeding the nucleation time. It is found that, when the metal vapor concentration exceeds 0.1 of the argon concentration, the growth of clusters with the highest possible internal energy occurs, the condensation rate being determined only by the rate of heat removal from clusters.

Vorontsov, A. G., E-mail: sas@physics.susu.ac.ru [South Ural State University (Russian Federation); Gel'chinskii, B. R.; Korenchenko, A. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Experimental search for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using kinetic mixing with photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have searched for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using a dedicated hidden photon detector. The detector consisted of a parabolic mirror with a diameter of 500mm and a focal length of 1007mm installed in a vacuum chamber, and a photomultiplier tube at its focal point. The detector was attached to the Tokyo axion helioscope, Sumico which has a mechanism to track the sun. From the result of the measurement, we found no evidence for the existence of hidden photons and set a limit on the photon-hidden photon mixing parameter \\chi depending on the hidden photon mass m_{\\gamma '}.

T. Mizumoto; R. Ohta; T. Horie; J. Suzuki; Y. Inoue; M. Minowa

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

158

Experimental search for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using kinetic mixing with photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have searched for solar hidden photons in the eV energy range using a dedicated hidden photon detector. The detector consisted of a parabolic mirror with a diameter of 500mm and a focal length of 1007mm installed in a vacuum chamber, and a photomultiplier tube at its focal point. The detector was attached to the Tokyo axion helioscope, Sumico which has a mechanism to track the sun. From the result of the measurement, we found no evidence for the existence of hidden photons and set a limit on the photon-hidden photon mixing parameter \\chi depending on the hidden photon mass m_{\\gamma '}. This limit is most stringent in the hidden photon mass region between 10^{-3} and 10^{-1} eV.

Mizumoto, T; Horie, T; Suzuki, J; Inoue, Y; Minowa, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Kinetic Monte Carlo Model for Material Aging: Simulations of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop a kinetic Monte Carlo framework aiming at ... A Controlled Stress Energy Minimization Method for Coarse-grained Atomistic Simulation.

160

Thermal Stabilization of Nanocrystalline Grain Size by Kinetic and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will review both kinetic and thermodynamic mechanisms and ... Basic Criteria for Formation of Growth Twins in High Stacking Fault Energy Metals.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2011 ... About this Symposium. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics.

162

Chapter 13. Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of chemical reactions. · Only gases, for which the kinetic theory of Chapter 4 is applicable, are consideredChapter 13. Chemical Kinetics #12;· Why do some chemical reactions proceed with lighting speed when the way in which molecules combine to form products? · All of these questions involve chemical kinetics

Ihee, Hyotcherl

163

Modeling, Kinetics, and Energy Consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , General Abstracts: Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division.

164

Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Comprehensive Investigation of Low Angle Grain Boundary Mobility in Pure Al ... A New Treatment for the Kinetics of Isothermal Oxidation of Zinc Powders.

165

Development and validation of compressible mixture viscous fluid algorithm applied to predict the evolution of inertial fusion energy chamber gas and the impact of gas on direct-drive target survival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion be- tween kinetic (green) and thermal energy (energy lost through ra- diation (red), kinetic (green), andenergy lost through radiation (red), kinetic (green), and

Martin, Robert Scott

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

EIA Energy Kids - Forms of Energy - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy forms are either potential or kinetic. Potential energy comes in forms that are stored including chemical, gravitational, mechanical, and nuclear.

167

Definition: Mechanical energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

object due to its motion or position; the sum of an object's kinetic energy and potential energy.12 View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition . This acceleration is represented by...

168

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2012... capability of the coating and thus the achievable engine efficiency. ... Aluminide coating of steels enables more efficient power generation through ... and kinetic modeling in order to build a time and temperature dependent...

169

Towards cleaner combustion engines through groundbreaking detailed chemical kinetic models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards cleaner combustion engines through groundbreaking detailed chemical kinetic models of more predictive and more accurate detailed chemical kinetic models for the combustion of fuels that the combustion of liquid fuels will remain the main source of energy for transportation for the next 50 years.1

170

Kinetic Modeling of Esterification of Ethylene Glycol with Acetic Acid  

SciTech Connect

The reaction kinetics of the esterification of ethylene glycol with acetic acid in the presence of cation exchange resin has been studied and kinetic models based on empirical and Langmuir approach has been developed. The Langmuir based model involving eight kinetic parameters fits experimental data much better compared to empirical model involving four kinetic parameters. The effect of temperature and catalyst loading on the reaction system has been analyzed. Further, the activation energy and frequency factor of the rate constants for Langmuir based model has been estimated.

Yadav, Vishnu P.; Maity, Sunil K. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Ordnance Factory Estate, Yeddumailiram-502205, Andhra Pradesh (India); Mukherjee, Rudra Palash [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur-713209, West Bengal (India); Bantraj, Kandi [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela-769008, Orissa (India)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

171

Distributed Energy Harvesting for Energy Neutral Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adja@cs.berkeley.edu Energy Harvesting Projects EDITORSdevices that combine energy harvesting and data acquisition.kinetic and ther- mal energy harvesting from human users

Kansal, Aman; Srivastava, Mani B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Model Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing  

SciTech Connect

New Abelian vector bosons can kinetically mix with the hypercharge gauge boson of the Standard Model. This letter computes the model independent limits on vector bosons with masses from 1 GeV to 1 TeV. The limits arise from the numerous e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments that have been performed in this energy range and bound the kinetic mixing by {epsilon} {approx}< 0.03 for most of the mass range studied, regardless of any additional interactions that the new vector boson may have.

Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

173

Fragmentation of multiply charged hydrocarbon molecules C{sub n}H{sup q+} (n{<=} 4, q{<=} 9) produced in high-velocity collisions: Branching ratios and kinetic energy release of the H{sup +} fragment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fragmentation branching ratios for channels involving H{sup +} emission and associated kinetic energy release of the H{sup +} fragment [KER(H{sup +})] have been measured for multicharged C{sub n}H{sup q+} molecules produced in high velocity (3.6 a.u.) collisions between C{sub n}H{sup +} projectiles and helium atoms. For CH{sup q+} (q{=} 5), inner-shell ionization contributed in a prominent way to the ion production. In these two cases it was shown that measured KER(H{sup +}) were in good agreement with PCCM predictions when those were corrected for Auger relaxation with the same Auger lifetime value as in CH{sup 3+}.

Beroff, K.; Pino, T.; Carpentier, Y. [Institut des Sciences Moleculaires d'Orsay (ISMO), UMR CNRS 8214, Universite Paris Sud 11, bat.210, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Van-Oanh, N. T. [Laboratoire de Chimie Physique (LCP), UMR CNRS 8000, Universite Paris Sud 11, Bat.349, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Chabot, M.; Tuna, T.; Martinet, G. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire d'Orsay (IPNO), IN2P3- CNRS, Universite Paris Sud 11, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Le Padellec, A. [Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie (IRAP), UMR CNRS 5187, Universite de Toulouse, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31028 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); Lavergne, L. [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE) UPMC, UPD, CNRS-IN2P3, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the thermalization of fusion energy in burning plasmas.

G. G. Howes

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

175

Inertial range turbulence in kinetic plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of turbulent energy through an inertial range from the driving scale to dissipative scales in a kinetic plasma followed by the conversion of this energy into heat is a fundamental plasma physics process. A theoretical foundation for the study of this process is constructed, but the details of the kinetic cascade are not well understood. Several important properties are identified: (a) the conservation of a generalized energy by the cascade; (b) the need for collisions to increase entropy and realize irreversible plasma heating; and (c) the key role played by the entropy cascade--a dual cascade of energy to small scales in both physical and velocity space--to convert ultimately the turbulent energy into heat. A strategy for nonlinear numerical simulations of kinetic turbulence is outlined. Initial numerical results are consistent with the operation of the entropy cascade. Inertial range turbulence arises in a broad range of space and astrophysical plasmas and may play an important role in the ther...

Howes, G G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

C-1: A Kinetic Study of the Leaching of Germanium Dust and Fume ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The apparent activation energy for the dissolution of germanium has been evaluated ... Moreover, the apparent reaction order and the kinetic equation for the...

177

LLNL Chemical Kinetics Modeling Group  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The LLNL chemical kinetics modeling group has been responsible for much progress in the development of chemical kinetic models for practical fuels. The group began its work in the early 1970s, developing chemical kinetic models for methane, ethane, ethanol and halogenated inhibitors. Most recently, it has been developing chemical kinetic models for large n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, hexenes, and large methyl esters. These component models are needed to represent gasoline, diesel, jet, and oil-sand-derived fuels.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Herbinet, O; Curran, H J; Silke, E J

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

178

Kinetic equilibrium and relativistic thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic thermodynamics is treated from the point of view of kinetic theory. It is shown that the generalized J\\"uttner distribution suggested in [1] is compatible with kinetic equilibrium. The requirement of compatibility of kinetic and thermodynamic equilibrium reveals several generalizations of the Gibbs relation where the velocity field is an independent thermodynamic variable.

Vn, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Kinetic equilibrium and relativistic thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic thermodynamics is treated from the point of view of kinetic theory. It is shown that the generalized J\\"uttner distribution suggested in [1] is compatible with kinetic equilibrium. The requirement of compatibility of kinetic and thermodynamic equilibrium reveals several generalizations of the Gibbs relation where the velocity field is an independent thermodynamic variable.

P. Vn

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electric vehicle using the vehicle's kinetic and mechanical power to regenerate it's energy storage device  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electrocombustible drive vehicle which consists of: a. motor means for driving the electrocombustible vehicle the motor means being activated by combustible fuel or a pulsating voltage; b. first means for storing electrical energy for use as DC voltage; c. chopper means for providing a pulsating voltage to the motor means for activation of electro portion of the motor means, the first means for storing electrical energy proving DC voltage input to the chopper means; d. means for controlling the quantity of the pulsating voltage supplied to the motor means; e. first generator means for producing electrical voltage, the first generator means mechanical input being connected to the direct output of the motor means independent of the movement of the vehicle allowing the generator to produce a voltage while the vehicle is in the idle position; f. means for charging the first means for storing electrical voltage produced by the generator; g. second means for storing electrical energy for use as a DC voltage; h. second generator means for producing electrical voltage, the second generator means mechanical input being connected to a velocity dependent moving portion of electric vehicle independent of the output of the motor means and dependent on air movement relative to the vehicle, means for selectively charging the first and second means for storing electrical voltage employing the electrical voltage produced by the second generator means; i. means for charging the second means for storing electrical energy employing the electrical voltage produced by the chopper means.

Barnard, R.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Inflation by purely kinetic coupled gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a purely kinetic coupled scalar-tensor gravity. We use FRW metric and obtain the modified Friedmann equations subject to an effective perfect fluid including energy density $\\rho_{\\phi}=\\rho_{g}+\\rho_{_G}$ and pressure $p_{\\phi}=p_{g}+p_{_G}$, where $(\\rho_{g}, p_{g})$ and $(\\rho_{_G}, p_{_G})$ define the perfect fluids corresponding to the coupling of scalar field dynamics with metric and Einstein tensors, respectively. We find that the inflation can occur in this model provided that $p_{_G}=-\\rho_{_G}$. We define Hubble slow-role parameters and find that the Hubble slow-role regime means $\\rho_{_{g}}\\ll\\rho_{_{G}}$. It turns out that the energy is not conserved for the scalar field and its kinetic energy is growing exponentially during inflation. It is proposed that this energy may be supplied by the quantum fluctuations of vacuum. This rapid transfer of energy density from vacuum to the scalar field may solve the cosmological constant problem. When $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes sufficiently large, the Hubble parameter starts decreasing and $\\rho_{_{g}}$ becomes comparable with $\\rho_{_{G}}$, hence the slow-role approximation is violated, and the inflation is ended. The large energy density of the scalar field may be transformed, partly into the matter, and partly into the radiation, and the universe experiences a reheating phase. At late times, the kinetic energy of the scalar field decreases as $a^{-6}$ and the remnant energy density of the scalar field may become a source of dark matter. Also, we study the cosmological perturbations during the inflation and obtain the behaviors of perturbations inside and outside the horizon. These results are in agreement with those obtained in common inflationary scenarios.

F. Darabi; A. Parsiya

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

182

Atmospheric Available Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The total potential energy of the atmosphere is the sum of its internal and gravitational energies. The portion of this total energy available to be converted into kinetic energy is determined relative to an isothermal, hydrostatic, equilibrium ...

Peter R. Bannon

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Development of Novel Density Functionals for Thermochemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new density functional theory (DFT) exchange-correlation functional for the exploration of reaction mechanisms is proposed. This new functional, denoted BMK (Boese-Martin for Kinetics), has an accuracy in the 2 kcal/mol range for transition state barriers but, unlike previous attempts at such a functional, this improved accuracy does not come at the expense of equilibrium properties. This makes it a general-purpose functional whose domain of applicability has been extended to transition states, rather than a specialized functional for kinetics. The improvement in BMK rests on the inclusion of the kinetic energy density together with a large value of the exact exchange mixing coefficient. For this functional, the kinetic energy density appears to correct `back' the excess exact exchange mixing for ground-state properties, possibly simulating variable exchange.

Boese, A D; Martin, Jan M. L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Simulations of kinetic events at the atomic scale Graeme Henkelman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations of kinetic events at the atomic scale Graeme Henkelman UT Austin Al / Al(100) B3I / Si Need to find saddle points on the energy surface Rate of escape through each saddle point region: E (KMC): 1. Find low energy saddle points using a min-mode method. 2. Choose one processes from

185

Kinetics of coal pyrolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains results of a coordinated, multi-laboratory investigation of coal devolatilization. Data is reported pertaining to the devolatilization for bituminous coals over three orders of magnitude in apparent heating rate (100 to 100,000 + {degree}C/sec), over two orders of magnitude in particle size (20 to 700 microns), final particle temperatures from 400 to 1600{degree}C, heat transfer modes ranging from convection to radiative, ambient pressure ranging from near vacuum to one atmosphere pressure. The heat transfer characteristics of the reactors are reported in detail. It is assumed the experimental results are to form the basis of a devolatilization data base. Empirical rate expressions are developed for each phase of devolatilization which, when coupled to an awareness of the heat transfer rate potential of a particular devolatilization reactor, indicate the kinetics emphasized by a particular system reactor plus coal sample. The analysis indicates the particular phase of devolatilization that will be emphasized by a particular reactor type and, thereby, the kinetic expressions appropriate to that devolatilization system. Engineering rate expressions are developed from the empirical rate expressions in the context of a fundamental understanding of coal devolatilization developed in the course of the investigation. 164 refs., 223 figs., 44 tabs.

Seery, D.J.; Freihaut, J.D.; Proscia, W.M. (United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (USA)); Howard, J.B.; Peters, W.; Hsu, J.; Hajaligol, M.; Sarofim, A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA)); Jenkins, R.; Mallin, J.; Espindola-Merin, B. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (USA)); Essenhigh, R.; Misra, M.K. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (USA))

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Kinetics of Silica Polymerization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All toge tion and energy conversion system design strategiesthe overall energy extraction and conversion system must beenergy conversion process may be tailored to reduce or eliminate The benefits of a binary system

Weres, Oleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Mesoscale Energy Spectra of Moist Baroclinic Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of moist processes in the development of the mesoscale kinetic energy spectrum is investigated with numerical simulations of idealized moist baroclinic waves. Dry baroclinic waves yield upper-tropospheric kinetic energy spectra that ...

Michael L. Waite; Chris Snyder

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

5, 86898714, 2005 The Kinetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Note: Simulating chemical systems in Fortran90 and Matlab with the Kinetic PreProcessor KPP-2.1 A estimation techniques, and variational chemical data assimilation applications require the development of ef- ficient tools for the computational simulation of chemical kinetics systems. From a numerical point

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

189

Nonlinear effects in kinetic resolutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of nonlinear effects in the asymmetric catalysis of kinetic resolutions is analyzed. It is found with minimal assumptions that the kinetics of homocompetitive reactions should apply generally to kinetic resolutions involving partially resolved catalysts, and this is supported by experimental observations with the Jacobsen hydrolytic kinetic resolution (HKR) of epoxides. The criterion for a nonlinear effect in asymmetric catalysis--a nonlinear correlation between the enantiomeric excess in a choral ligand and the product enantiomeric excess obtained from a reaction--is examined. The nonlinear effect idea is found to be generalizable to kinetic resolutions and other reactions by replacing consideration of the product enantiomeric excess with the quantity (k[]/k[]-1)/(k[]/k[]+1), a differential kinetic enantiomeric enhancement (DKEE). A nonlinear effect may then be defined by a nonlinear correlation between the DKEE and the chiral ligand enantiomeric excess. The application of these ideas to previously reported kinetic resolutions of sulfoxides and to nonlinear effects in the Jacobsen HKR is described. Relatively small nonlinear effects in kinetic resolutions are sufficient to obtain large asymmetric amplifications. A catalyst modification in the Jacobsen HKR also allows for the development of a novel recyclable system for the iterative enhancement of optical activity.

Johnson, Derrell W.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ducted kinetic Alfven waves in plasma with steep density gradients  

SciTech Connect

Given their high plasma density (n {approx} 10{sup 13} cm{sup -3}), it is theoretically possible to excite Alfven waves in a conventional, moderate length (L {approx} 2 m) helicon plasma source. However, helicon plasmas are decidedly inhomogeneous, having a steep radial density gradient, and typically have a significant background neutral pressure. The inhomogeneity introduces regions of kinetic and inertial Alfven wave propagation. Ion-neutral and electron-neutral collisions alter the Alfven wave dispersion characteristics. Here, we present the measurements of propagating kinetic Alfven waves in helium helicon plasma. The measured wave dispersion is well fit with a kinetic model that includes the effects of ion-neutral damping and that assumes the high density plasma core defines the radial extent of the wave propagation region. The measured wave amplitude versus plasma radius is consistent with the pile up of wave magnetic energy at the boundary between the kinetic and inertial regime regions.

Houshmandyar, Saeid [Solar Observatory Department, Prairie View A and M University, Prairie View, Texas 77446 (United States); Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315 (United States); Scime, Earl E. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Rhodopsin kinetics in the cat retina  

SciTech Connect

The bleaching and regeneration of rhodopsin in the living cat retina was studied by means of fundus reflectometry. Bleaching was effected by continuous light exposures of 1 min or 20 min, and the changes in retinal absorbance were measured at 29 wavelengths. For all of the conditions studied (fractional bleaches of from 65 to 100%), the regeneration of rhodopsin to its prebleach levels required greater than 60 min in darkness. After the 1-min exposures, the difference spectra recorded during the first 10 min of dark adaptation were dominated by photoproduct absorption, and rhodopsin regeneration kinetics were obscured by these intermediate processes. Extending the bleaching duration to 20 min gave the products of photolysis an opportunity to dissipate, and it was possible to follow the regenerative process over its full time-course. It was not possible, however, to fit these data with the simple exponential function predicted by first-order reaction kinetics. Other possible mechanisms were considered and are presented in the text. Nevertheless, the kinetics of regeneration compared favorably with the temporal changes in log sensitivity determined electrophysiologically by other investigators. Based on the bleaching curve for cat rhodopsin, the photosensitivity was determined and found to approximate closely the value obtained for human rhodopsin; i.e., the energy Ec required to bleach 1-e-1 of the available rhodopsin was 7.09 log scotopic troland-seconds (corrected for the optics of the cat eye), as compared with approximately 7.0 in man.

Ripps, H.; Mehaffey, L.; Siegel, I.M.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation in Barrow Canyon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Water flows across the shallow Chukchi Sea before reaching the Arctic Ocean, where it is a source of heat, freshwater, nutrients, and carbon. A substantial portion of Pacific Water is routed through Barrow Canyon, located in the northeast ...

E. L. Shroyer

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budgets over Mountainous Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of the airflow and turbulence structure over mountainous terrain. Turbulent characteristics of the airflow were measured using well-instrumented aircraft. The shear, buoyancy, ...

Theodore S. Karacostas; John D. Marwitz

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Piezoelectric kinetic energy-harvesting ics .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wireless micro-sensors can enjoy popularity in biomedical drug-delivery treatments and tire-pressure monitoring systems because they offer in-situ, real-time, non-intrusive processing capabilities. However, miniaturized platforms severely (more)

Kwon, Dongwon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

SPECTRUM OF KINETIC-ALFVEN TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical study of strong kinetic-Alfven turbulence at scales smaller than the ion gyroscale is presented, and a phenomenological model is proposed that argues that magnetic and density fluctuations are concentrated mostly in two-dimensional structures, which leads to their Fourier energy spectra E(k ){proportional_to}k {sup -8/3} , where k is the wavevector component normal to the strong background magnetic field. The results may provide an explanation for recent observations of magnetic and density fluctuations in the solar wind at sub-proton scales.

Boldyrev, Stanislav; Perez, Jean Carlos [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

Phase-field Model for Interstitial Loop Growth Kinetics and Thermodynamic and Kinetic Models of Irradiated Fe-Cr Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructure evolution kinetics in irradiated materials has strongly spatial correlation. For example, void and second phases prefer to nucleate and grow at pre-existing defects such as dislocations, grain boundaries, and cracks. Inhomogeneous microstructure evolution results in inhomogeneity of microstructure and thermo-mechanical properties. Therefore, the simulation capability for predicting three dimensional (3-D) microstructure evolution kinetics and its subsequent impact on material properties and performance is crucial for scientific design of advanced nuclear materials and optimal operation conditions in order to reduce uncertainty in operational and safety margins. Very recently the meso-scale phase-field (PF) method has been used to predict gas bubble evolution, void swelling, void lattice formation and void migration in irradiated materials,. Although most results of phase-field simulations are qualitative due to the lake of accurate thermodynamic and kinetic properties of defects, possible missing of important kinetic properties and processes, and the capability of current codes and computers for large time and length scale modeling, the simulations demonstrate that PF method is a promising simulation tool for predicting 3-D heterogeneous microstructure and property evolution, and providing microstructure evolution kinetics for higher scale level simulations of microstructure and property evolution such as mean field methods. This report consists of two parts. In part I, we will present a new phase-field model for predicting interstitial loop growth kinetics in irradiated materials. The effect of defect (vacancy/interstitial) generation, diffusion and recombination, sink strength, long-range elastic interaction, inhomogeneous and anisotropic mobility on microstructure evolution kinetics is taken into account in the model. The model is used to study the effect of elastic interaction on interstitial loop growth kinetics, the interstitial flux, and sink strength of interstitial loop for interstitials. In part II, we present a generic phase field model and discuss the thermodynamic and kinetic properties in phase-field models including the reaction kinetics of radiation defects and local free energy of irradiated materials. In particular, a two-sublattice thermodynamic model is suggested to describe the local free energy of alloys with irradiated defects. Fe-Cr alloy is taken as an example to explain the required thermodynamic and kinetic properties for quantitative phase-field modeling. Finally the great challenges in phase-field modeling will be discussed.

Li, Yulan; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Metal reduction kinetics in Shewanella  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation: Metal reduction kinetics have been studied in cultures of dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria which include the Shewanella oneidensis strain MR-1. Estimation of system parameters from time-series data faces obstructions in ...

Raman Lall; Julie Mitchell

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

An energy management framework for energy harvesting embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy harvesting (also known as energy scavenging) is the process of generating electrical energy from environmental energy sources. There exists a variety of different energy sources such as solar energy, kinetic energy, or thermal energy. In recent ... Keywords: Power management, embedded systems, energy harvesting, model predictive control, real-time scheduling, reward maximization

Clemens Moser; Jian-Jia Chen; Lothar Thiele

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " ■ ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

200

Engineering model reduction of bio-chemical kinetic David Csercsik, Katalin M. Hangos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Hydrosystems Chemical and Thermal Non-Equilibrium: Kinetic Mass & Energy Transfer Motivation Modeling Non is actually driven by difference in chemical potential influence of thermal non-equilibrium on kinetic mass situation of clear non-equilibrium extending range of applicability Support of the German Research

Gorban, Alexander N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Experimental Study of the Role of Plasticity in the Rafting Kinetics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is consistent with the symmetry of the corresponding Fourier transform. ... components of the scattering vector k, perpendicular to, .... enhanced kinetics due to the supply of fast diffusion paths ... the total strain energy of the single crystal is.

202

The World Renewable Energy Forum in Denver | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Four Years of Leadership with Secretary Chu The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics ARPA-E 2013 SLIDESHOW: Shepherds Flat Wind Farm 2013 Washington Auto Show An...

203

Kinetics of PBX9404 Aging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PBX 9404 is an early formulation of HMX from which we can learn about the effects of aging in the weapons stockpile. Of particular interest is the presence of 3% nitrocellulose in PBX 9404 as an energetic binder. Nitrocellulose is used pervasively in smokeless gunpowders and was formerly used extensively in the film and art preservation industries. It is well known that nitrocellulose decomposes autocatalytically, and stabilizers, such as the diphenylamine used in PBX 9404, are used to retard its decomposition. Even so, its lifetime is still limited, and the reactions eventually leading to catastrophic autocatalysis are still not understood well despite years of work. In addition to reducing the available energy in the explosive, degradation of nitrocellulose affects the mechanical properties of the pressed PBX 9404 parts by the associated reduction in molecular weight, which reduces the strength of the binder. A structural formula for a monomer of the nitrocellulose used in PBX 9404 is shown. The initial nitration level is 2.3 of 3.0 possible sites, and they have different reactivities. Degradation of nitrocellulose affects many properties. As an aid in examining historical chemical analysis data, several measures of degradation are given for the simple replacement of a nitro group with a hydrogen. The weight percent of nitrocellulose remaining for an initial concentration of 3% as used in PBX 9404 is also given. Of course, the real degradation reaction is more complicated, including chain scission and crosslinking reactions giving other gas species. During the course of this work, we spent considerable time addressing the question, ''Why is PBX 9404 blue?'' There was actually considerable controversy in the color evolution with aging, and the situation was clarified by Ben Richardson at Pantex. Workers there assured us that PBX 9404 starts with an ivory color. Drying the prill prior to pressing turns it a mottled blue, and well-preserved prill samples retain a blue color decades after formulation. Subsequently, heat and light both send it through a progression of colors from grayish blue, blue-green, green, brown, dirty yellow, mottled tan, and eventually pale tan. The progression is accelerated by oxygen and possibly moisture, as has been shown in several accelerated aging studies. The precise compounds causing the color evolution are uncertain, but they are undoubtedly a progression of quinoidal, nitroso, and nitrated DPA compounds. For example, paranitroso DPA is deep blue. Unfortunately, the location of various nitrated DPAs, which ranged from yellow to orange to red to brown and which were used by Pantex as analytical standards in the 1970s, is not currently known. While the color change is indicative of aging, it is by no means a quantitative measure of the extent of nitrocellulose degradation. Inspection of the literature yielded a variety of kinetic models, and the activation energy typically ranges from 25-35 kcal/mol for T<100 C. This literature qualitatively predicts times for 30% decomposition ranging from a few days at 100 C to 1-2 years at 50 C to 50 years at room temperature. To develop a quantitative model, we used the data of Leider and Seaton, which were collected at conditions most closely matching stockpile conditions for any data set we had available. They used PBX 9404 heated as pressed pellets in closed vessels at temperatures ranging from 50 to 100 C for times up to three years, and they report mass loss, gas yield and composition, and chemical analysis of the residual solid by methods used in stockpile surveillance. Initial kinetic analysis of the weight of remaining nitrocellulose as measured by liquid chromatography and the loss of nitrate esters by a colorimetric technique gave an activation energy of 27 kcal/mol. However, the reaction is complex due to the different stability of the three nitroester positions, and this complexity required either parallel first-order reactions or an nth-order reaction (n=3.6), which is mathematically equivalent to a Gamma distribution of frequency factors

Burnham, A K; Fried, L E

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

204

Yucca Mountain | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Science Bowl 2013 National Science Bowl 2013 President Obama Visits the Energy Department Four Years of Leadership with Secretary Chu The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics...

205

Note on numerical study of the beam energy spread in NDCX-I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of beam current, (d) kinetic energy history by of beam macroF I G . 3. N D C X - I beam energy history from (left) Warpplate and their kinetic energy history is plotted in F i g .

Vay, J.-L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

An Independent Derivation of the Oxford Jet Kinetic Luminosity Formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This letter presents a theoretical derivation of an estimate for a radio source jet kinetic luminosity. The expression yields jet powers that are quantitatively similar to a more sophisticated empirical relation published by the Willott, Blundell and Rawlings at Oxford. The formula allows one to estimate the jet kinetic luminosity from the measurement of the optically thin radio lobe emission in quasars and radio galaxies. Motivated by recent X-ray observation, the derivation assumes that most of the energy in the lobes is in plasma thermal energy with a negligible contribution from magnetic energy (not equipartition). The close agreement of the two independent expressions makes the veracity of these estimates seem very plausible.

Brian Punsly

2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Hydriding Kinetics of Organic Hydrogen Getters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The aging of hermetically sealed systems is often accompanied by the gradual production of hydrogen gas that is a result of the decay of environmental gases and the degradation of organic materials. In particular, the oxygen, water, hydrogen ''equilibrium'' is affected by the removal of oxygen due the oxidation of metals and organic materials. This shift of the above ''equilibrium'' towards the formation of hydrogen gas, particularly in crevices, may eventually reach an explosive level of hydrogen gas or degrade metals by hydriding them. The latter process is generally delayed until the oxidizing species are significantly reduced. Organic hydrogen getters introduced by Allied Signal Aerospace Company, Kansas City Division have proven to be a very effective means of preventing hydrogen gas accumulation in sealed containers. These getters are relatively unaffected by air and environmental gases. They can be packaged in a variety of ways to fit particular needs such as porous pellets, fine or coarse [gravel] powder, or loaded into silicone rubber. The hydrogen gettering reactions are extremely irreversible since the hydrogen gas is converted into an organic hydrocarbon. These getters are based on the palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation of triple bonds to double and then single bonds in aromatic aryl compounds. DEB (1,4 bis (phenyl ethynyl) benzene) typically mixed with 25% by weight carbon with palladium (1% by weight of carbon) is one of the newest and best of these organic hydrogen getters. The reaction mechanisms are complex involving solid state reaction with a heterogeneous catalyst leading to the many intermediates, including mixed alkyl and aryl hydrocarbons with the possibilities of many isomers. The reaction kinetics mechanisms are also strongly influenced by the form in which they are packaged. For example, the hydriding rates for pellets and gravel have a strong dependence on reaction extent (i.e., DEB reduction) and a kinetic order in pressure of 0.76. Silicone rubber based DEB getters hydride at a much lower rate, have little dependence on reaction extent, have a higher kinetic order in pressure (0.87), and have a lower activation energy. The kinetics of the reaction as a function of hydrogen pressure, stoichiometry, and temperature for hydrogen and deuterium near ambient temperature (0 to 75 C) for pressures near or below 100 Pa over a wide range (in some cases, the complete) hydrogenation range are presented along with multi-dimensional rate models.

Powell, G. L.

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Impact of Alternative Fuels on Combustion Kinetics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research targets the development of detailed kinetic models to quantitatively characterize the impact of alternative fuels on the performance of Navy turbines and diesel engines. Such impacts include kinetic properties such as cetane number, flame speed, and emissions as well as physical properties such as the impact of boiling point distributions on fuel vaporization and mixing. The primary focus will be Fischer-Tropsch liquids made from natural gas, coal or biomass. The models will include both the effects of operation with these alternative fuels as well as blends of these fuels with conventional petroleum-based fuels. The team will develop the requisite kinetic rules for specific reaction types and incorporate these into detailed kinetic mechanisms to predict the combustion performance of neat alternative fuels as well as blends of these fuels with conventional fuels. Reduced kinetic models will be then developed to allow solution of the coupled kinetics/transport problems. This is a collaboration between the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The CSM/LLNL team plans to build on the substantial progress made in recent years in developing accurate detailed chemical mechanisms for the oxidation and pyrolysis of conventional fuels. Particular emphasis will be placed upon reactions of the isoalkanes and the daughter radicals, especially tertiary radicals, formed by abstraction from the isoalkanes. The various components of the program are described. We have been developing the kinetic models for two iso-dodecane molecules, using the same kinetic modeling formalisms that were developed for the gasoline and diesel primary reference fuels. These mechanisms, and the thermochemical and transport coefficient submodels for them, are very close to completion at the time of this report, and we expect them to be available for kinetic simulations early in the coming year. They will provide a basis for prediction and selection of desirable F-T molecules for use in jet engine simulations, where we should be able to predict the ignition, combustion and emissions characteristics of proposed fuel components. These mechanisms include the reactions and chemical species needed to describe high temperature phenomena such as shock tube ignition and flammability behavior, and they will also include low temperature kinetics to describe other ignition phenomena such as compression ignition and knocking. During the past years, our hydrocarbon kinetics modeling group at LLNL has focused a great deal on fuels typical of gasoline and diesel fuel. About 10 years ago, we developed kinetic models for the fuel octane primary reference fuels, n-heptane [1] and iso-octane [2], which have 7 and 8 carbon atoms and are therefore representative of typical gasoline fuels. N-heptane represents the low limit of knock resistance with an octane number of 0, while iso-octane is very knock resistant with an octane number of 100. High knock resistance in iso-octane was attributed largely to the large fraction of primary C-H bonds in the molecule, including 15 of the 18 C-H bonds, and the high bond energy of these primary bonds plays a large role in this knock resistance. In contrast, in the much more ignitable n-heptane, 10 of its 16 C-H bonds are much less strongly bound secondary C-H bonds, leading to its very low octane number. All of these factors, as well as a similarly complex kinetic description of the equally important role of the transition state rings that transfer H atoms within the reacting fuel molecules, were quantified and collected into large kinetic reaction mechanisms that are used by many researchers in the fuel chemistry world.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

209

FOCUS: ION-SURFACE COLLISIONS AND PEPTIDE RADICAL Kinetics of Surface-Induced Dissociation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[42]. Hydro- genated surfaces are known to have lower energy conversion efficiency than source internal energy and without MALDI matrix interference. The dissociation kinetics of N(CH3)4 and N in laboratory collision energy, changes in fragmentation timescale and dominant fragment ions were observed

Wysocki, Vicki H.

210

Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxidation Kinetics Modeling Applying Phase Field Approach ... chemical reaction rates will increase exponentially and environmental attack...

211

Kinetics of Nano Ti Carbides Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Steel Product Metallurgy and Applications. Presentation Title, Kinetics of Nano...

212

Gravitational energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observers at rest in a stationary spacetime flat at infinity can measure small amounts of rest-mass+internal energies+kinetic energies+pressure energy in a small volume of fluid attached to a local inertial frame. The sum of these small amounts is the total "matter energy" for those observers. The total mass-energy minus the matter energy is the binding gravitational energy. Misner, Thorne and Wheeler evaluated the gravitational energy of a spherically symmetric static spacetime. Here we show how to calculate gravitational energy in any static and stationary spacetime for isolated sources with a set of observers at rest. The result of MTW is recovered and we find that electromagnetic and gravitational 3-covariant energy densities in conformastatic spacetimes are of opposite signs. Various examples suggest that gravitational energy is negative in spacetimes with special symmetries or when the energy-momentum tensor satisfies usual energy conditions.

Joseph Katz

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

On fast reactor kinetics studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results and the program of fast reactor core time and space kinetics experiments performed and planned to be performed at the IPPE critical facility is presented. The TIMER code was taken as computation support of the experimental work, which allows transient equations to be solved in 3-D geometry with multi-group diffusion approximation. The number of delayed neutron groups varies from 6 to 8. The code implements the solution of both transient neutron transfer problems: a direct one, where neutron flux density and its derivatives, such as reactor power, etc, are determined at each time step, and an inverse one for the point kinetics equation form, where such a parameter as reactivity is determined with a well-known reactor power time variation function. (authors)

Seleznev, E. F.; Belov, A. A. [Nuclear Safety Inst. of the Russian Academy of Sciences IBRAE (Russian Federation); Matveenko, I. P.; Zhukov, A. M.; Raskach, K. F. [Inst. for Physics and Power Engineering IPPE (Russian Federation)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Nonlinear evolution of the magnetized Kelvin-Helmholtz instability: from fluid to kinetic modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nonlinear evolution of collisionless plasmas is typically a multi-scale process where the energy is injected at large, fluid scales and dissipated at small, kinetic scales. Accurately modelling the global evolution requires to take into account the main micro-scale physical processes of interest. This is why comparison of different plasma models is today an imperative task aiming at understanding cross-scale processes in plasmas. We report here the first comparative study of the evolution of a magnetized shear flow, through a variety of different plasma models by using magnetohydrodynamic, Hall-MHD, two-fluid, hybrid kinetic and full kinetic codes. Kinetic relaxation effects are discussed to emphasize the need for kinetic equilibriums to study the dynamics of collisionless plasmas in non trivial configurations. Discrepancies between models are studied both in the linear and in the nonlinear regime of the magnetized Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, to highlight the effects of small scale processes on the nonl...

Henri, P; Califano, F; Pegoraro, F; Rossi, C; Faganello, M; ebek, O; Trvn?ek, P M; Hellinger, P; Frederiksen, J T; Nordlund, ; Markidis, S; Keppens, R; Lapenta, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Energy  

Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. Send a link to Full Size Image - Energy Innovation Portalto someone by E-mail; Share Full Size Image - Energy ...

216

Kinetically Dominated FRII Radio Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of FR II objects that are kinetically dominated, the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q$, is larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol}$, is of profound theoretical interest. Such objects are not expected in most theoretical models of the central engine of radio loud AGN. Thus, establishing such a class of objects is an important diagnostic for filtering through the myriad of theoretical possibilities. This paper attempts to establish a class of quasars that have existed in a state of kinetic dominance, $R(t)\\equiv Q(t)/L_{bol}(t)>1$, at some epoch, $t$. It is argued that the 10 quasars in this article with a long term time average $Q(t)$, $\\bar{Q}$, that exceed $L_{Edd}$ are likely to have satisfied the condition $R(t)>1$ either presently or in the past based on the rarity of $L_{bol}>L_{Edd}$ quasars. Finally, the existence of these sources is discussed in the context of the theory of the central engine.

Brian Punsly

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Energy Dissipation and Upwelling in a Western Boundary Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy dissipation in a western boundary current begins with the conversion of mean potential energy into kinetic energy of primary eddies. The rate of this energy conversion is taken to equal the total energy dissipation rate, in analogy with ...

G. T. Csanady

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Kinetic modelling of molecular hydrogen transport in microporous carbon materials.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The proposal of kinetic molecular sieving of hydrogen isotopes is explored by employing statistical rate theory methods to describe the kinetics of molecular hydrogen transport in model microporous carbon structures. A Lennard-Jones atom-atom interaction potential is utilized for the description of the interactions between H{sub 2}/D{sub 2} and the carbon framework, while the requisite partition functions describing the thermal flux of molecules through the transition state are calculated quantum mechanically in view of the low temperatures involved in the proposed kinetic molecular sieving application. Predicted kinetic isotope effects for initial passage from the gas phase into the first pore mouth are consistent with expectations from previous modeling studies, namely, that at sufficiently low temperatures and for sufficiently narrow pore mouths D{sub 2} transport is dramatically favored over H{sub 2}. However, in contrast to expectations from previous modeling, the absence of any potential barrier along the minimum energy pathway from the gas phase into the first pore mouth yields a negative temperature dependence in the predicted absolute rate coefficients - implying a negative activation energy. In pursuit of the effective activation barrier, we find that the minimum potential in the cavity is significantly higher than in the pore mouth for nanotube-shaped models, throwing into question the common assumption that passage through the pore mouths should be the rate-determining step. Our results suggest a new mechanism that, depending on the size and shape of the cavity, the thermal activation barrier may lie in the cavity rather than at the pore mouth. As a consequence, design strategies for achieving quantum-mediated kinetic molecular sieving of H{sub 2}/D{sub 2} in a microporous membrane will need, at the very least, to take careful account of cavity shape and size in addition to pore-mouth size in order to ensure that the selective step, namely passage through the pore mouth, is also the rate determining step.

Hankel, M.; Zhang, H.; Nguyen, T. X.; Bhatia, S. K.; Gray, S. K.; Smith, S. C. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); (The Univ. of Queensland)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Kinetics of oil shale pyrolysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential energy supply that could be provided by-tapping the energy reserve found in the Green River Formation of Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming has presented (more)

Kowallis, Paul Clair

1905-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Domain growth and ordering kinetics in dense quark matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetics of chiral transitions in quark matter is studied in a two-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We focus on the phase-ordering dynamics subsequent to a temperature quench from the massless quark phase to the massive quark phase. We study the dynamics by considering a phenomenological model (Ginzburg-Landau free-energy functional). The morphology of the ordering system is characterized by the scaling of the order-parameter correlation function.

Singh, A.; Puri, S. [Jawaharlal Nehru University, School of Physical Sciences (India); Mishra, H., E-mail: hm@prl.res.in [Physical Research Laboratory, Theory Division (India)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NUCLEAR ENERGY PERGAMON Annals of Nuclear Energy 27 (2000) 138551398  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general theory of linear reactor kinetics and that of the induced neutron noise is developed for systemsannafs of NUCLEAR ENERGY PERGAMON Annals of Nuclear Energy 27 (2000) 138551398 www.elsevier.com/locate/anucene LINEAR REACTOR KINETICS AND NEUTRON NOISE IN SYSTEMS WITH FLUCTUATING BOUNDARIES Imre Pfizsit and Vasiliy

Pázsit, Imre

222

Kinetic theory of nonlinear transport phenomena in complex plasmas  

SciTech Connect

In contrast to the prevalent use of the phenomenological theory of transport phenomena, a number of transport properties of complex plasmas have been evaluated by using appropriate expressions, available from the kinetic theory, which are based on Boltzmann's transfer equation; in particular, the energy dependence of the electron collision frequency has been taken into account. Following the recent trend, the number and energy balance of all the constituents of the complex plasma and the charge balance on the particles is accounted for; the Ohmic loss has also been included in the energy balance of the electrons. The charging kinetics for the complex plasma comprising of uniformly dispersed dust particles, characterized by (i) uniform size and (ii) the Mathis, Rumpl, and Nordsieck power law of size distribution has been developed. Using appropriate expressions for the transport parameters based on the kinetic theory, the system of equations has been solved to investigate the parametric dependence of the complex plasma transport properties on the applied electric field and other plasma parameters; the results are graphically illustrated.

Mishra, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar 382428 (India); Sodha, M. S. [Centre for Energy Studies (CES), Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD), New Delhi 110016 (India)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Stepping and crowding: statistical kinetics from an exclusion process perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motor enzymes are remarkable molecular machines that use the energy derived from the hydrolysis of a nucleoside triphosphate to generate mechanical movement, achieved through different steps that constitute their kinetic cycle. These macromolecules, nowadays investigated with advanced experimental techniques to unveil their molecular mechanisms and the properties of their kinetic cycles, are implicated in many biological processes, ranging from biopolymerisation (RNA polymerases, ribosomes,...) to intracellular transport (motor proteins such as kinesins or dyneins). Although the kinetics of individual motors is well studied on both theoretical and experimental grounds, the repercussions of their stepping cycle on the collective dynamics is still to be understood. Advances in this direction will improve our comprehension of transport process in the natural intracellular medium, where processive motor enzymes might operate in crowded conditions. In this work, we therefore extend the current statistical kinetic analysis to study collective transport phenomena of motors in terms of lattice gas models belonging to the exclusion process class. Via numerical simulations, we show how to interpret and use the randomness calculated from single particle trajectories in crowded conditions. Importantly, we also show that time fluctuations and non-Poissonian behavior are intrinsically related to spatial correlations and the emergence of large, but finite, clusters of co-moving motors. The properties unveiled by our analysis have important biological implications on the collective transport characteristics of processive motor enzymes in crowded conditions.

Luca Ciandrini; M. Carmen Romano; A. Parmeggiani

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

224

Microreactor for fast chemical kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chemical reaction process in a T-shaped microchannel is studied experimentally through the reaction of Ca++ with a fluorescent tracer, Calcium-green. For thin channels (10 um), diffusion of species is found to behave in a way independent of the thickness direction. In such a situation, simulations of a two-dimensional reaction-diffusion model agree remarkably well with the experimental measurements. The comparison of experiments and simulations is used to measure the chemical kinetic constant, which we find to be k=3.2 x 10^5 dm^3/(mol s). Applications of the analysis to faster reactions and to micro-titration are also discussed.

Baroud, C N; Menetrier, L; Tabeling, P; Baroud, Charles N.; Okkels, Fridolin; Menetrier, Laure; Tabeling, Patrick

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Kinetic Modeling of Microbiological Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic description of microbiological processes is vital for the design and control of microbe-based biotechnologies such as waste water treatment, petroleum oil recovery, and contaminant attenuation and remediation. Various models have been proposed to describe microbiological processes. This editorial article discusses the advantages and limiation of these modeling approaches in cluding tranditional, Monod-type models and derivatives, and recently developed constraint-based approaches. The article also offers the future direction of modeling researches that best suit for petroleum and environmental biotechnologies.

Liu, Chongxuan; Fang, Yilin

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

226

Shale oil cracking. 1. Kinetics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to determine kinetics for thermal cracking of shale oil vapor over shale. Cracking temperatures of 504 to 610/sup 0/C and residence times of 2 to 11 seconds were used. A first-order Arrhenius rate expression and stoichiometry were obtained. Also observed were changes in the oil quality. Cracking decreased the H/C ratio, increased the nitrogen content, and decreased the pour point of the oil. Gas-phase oil cracking is contrasted to liquid-phase oil coking as a loss mechanism in oil-shale retorting.

Burnham, A.K.; Taylor, J.R.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy. Summary: Key metrologies/systems: Scanning tunneling microscopy and one- and two-photon photoemission/Model ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Energy  

Home. Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. About; Search; Categories (15) Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency ...

229

Stably Stratified Shear Turbulence: A New Model for the Energy Dissipation Length Scale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model is presented to compute the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation length scale l? in a stably stratified shear flow. The expression for l? is derived from solving the spectral balance equation for the turbulent kinetic energy. The buoyancy ...

Y. Cheng; V. M. Canuto

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A direct search method for determination of DAEM kinetic parameters from nonisothermal TGA data (note)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a simple direct search method to be used for the determination of distributed activation energy model (DAEM) kinetic parameters from the nonisothermal thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data of coals has been introduced. Process steps of ... Keywords: curve fitting, direct search technique, distributed activation energy model (DAEM), thermogravimetric analysis data (TGA)

Mustafa Gne?; Semin Gne?

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nanocrystallization Reactions and Kinetics, Chemical Partitioning ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primary nanocrystallization reactions and kinetics will be discussed for selected FeCo-based ... Search of Half-Metallic Heusler Alloys and their Applications to...

232

Aluminium Dissolution Kinetics in Caustic Media  

uti?, V. and Stumm, W. (1984) Effect of organic acids and fluoride on the dissolution kinetics of hydrous alumina. A model study using the rotating disk

233

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Simulation and Experimental Results ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the use of thermodynamic and kinetic modeling software, NETL has designed a systematic method that has been successfully developed to design an...

234

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-010572: Categorical Exclusion Determination Brown University - Marine Hydro-Kinetic Energy Harvesting Using Cyber-Physical Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02042013...

235

STATOR FOR SUPERSONIC COMPRESSOR - Energy Innovation Portal  

... for deceleration of gas to subsonic conditions and then for expansion of subsonic gas, to change kinetic energy of the gas to static pressure.

236

Chemistry Resolved Kinetic Flow Modeling of TATB Based Explosives  

SciTech Connect

Detonation waves in insensitive, TATB based explosives are believed to have multi-time scale regimes. The initial burn rate of such explosives has a sub-microsecond time scale. However, significant late-time slow release in energy is believed to occur due to diffusion limited growth of carbon. In the intermediate time scale concentrations of product species likely change from being in equilibrium to being kinetic rate controlled. They use the thermo-chemical code CHEETAH linked to an ALE hydrodynamics code to model detonations. They term their model chemistry resolved kinetic flow as CHEETAH tracks the time dependent concentrations of individual species in the detonation wave and calculates EOS values based on the concentrations. A HE-validation suite of model simulations compared to experiments at ambient, hot, and cold temperatures has been developed. They present here a new rate model and comparison with experimental data.

Vitello, P A; Fried, L E; Howard, W M; Levesque, G; Souers, P C

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

Active transport: A kinetic description based on thermodynamic grounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that active transport processes in biological systems can be understood through a local equilibrium description formulated at the mesoscale, the scale to describe stochastic processes. This new approach uses the method established by nonequilibrium thermodynamics to account for the irreversible processes occurring at this scale and provides nonlinear kinetic equations for the rates in terms of the driving forces. The results show that the application domain of nonequilibrium thermodynamics method to biological systems goes beyond the linear domain. A model for transport of Ca$^{2+}$ by the Ca$^{2+}$-ATPase, coupled to the hydrolysis of adenosine-triphosphate is analyzed in detail showing that it depends on the reaction Gibbs energy in a non-linear way. Our results unify thermodynamic and kinetic descriptions, thereby opening new perspectives in the study of different transport phenomena in biological systems.

S. Kjelstrup; J. M. Rubi; D. Bedeaux

2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

238

COMSOL-based Nuclear Reactor Kinetics Studies at the HFIR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The computational ability to accurately predict the dynamic behavior of a nuclear reactor core in response to reactivity-induced perturbations is an important subject in reactor physics. Space-time and point kinetics methodologies were developed for the purpose of studying the transient-induced behavior of the High Flux Isotope Reactor s (HFIR) compact core. The space-time simulations employed the three-energy-group neutron diffusion equations, and transients initiated by control cylinder and hydraulic tube rabbit ejections were studied. The work presented here is the first step towards creating a comprehensive multiphysics methodology for studying the dynamic behavior of the HFIR core during reactivity perturbations. The results of these studies show that point kinetics is adequate for small perturbations in which the power distribution is assumed to be time-independent, but space-time methods must be utilized to determine localized effects.

Chandler, David [ORNL; Freels, James D [ORNL; Maldonado, G Ivan [ORNL; Primm, Trent [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Analysis of Precipitation Reaction Kinetics: Kinetic Model vs ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The model combines thermodynamic input as, e.g., obtained from CALPHAD and an additional contribution of misfit strain energy. By consequent application of...

240

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a significant progress in converting solar energy using silicon technology to replace fossil fuels. However, its high cost of production has led...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy  

Efficient, Low-cost Microchannel Heat Exchanger. Return to Marketing Summary. Skip footer navigation to end of page. ... Energy Innovation Portal on Facebook;

242

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

243

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy, including Fundamental advances in nuclear fuels Nonproliferation safeguards Reactor concepts Reactor waste disposition Animation of new reactor concept for deep space...

244

Dynamical Potential Energy: A New Approach to Ocean Energetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of available potential energy is supposed to indicate which part of the potential energy is available to transform into kinetic energy. Yet it is impossible to obtain a unique definition of available potential energy for the real ocean ...

Fabien Roquet

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ERNSTMORITZARNDTUNIVERSITAT Absolute number density and kinetic analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plasma-chemical reactions. Therefore, from the analysis of their kinetics, one can learn more about of the technical applications, many plasma­chemical processes within the discharges as well as mechanisms determines all electron induced plasma-chemical processes and hence influences the kinetics of species

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

246

Kinetics of Enzymatic Depolymerization of Guar Galactomannan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is used as a rheology modifier in many of its applications, previous kinetic studies have been limitedKinetics of Enzymatic Depolymerization of Guar Galactomannan Shamsheer Mahammad, Robert K. Prud'homme, George W. Roberts,*, and Saad A. Khan*, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North

Khan, Saad A.

247

Chemical kinetics and oil shale process design  

SciTech Connect

Oil shale processes are reviewed with the goal of showing how chemical kinetics influences the design and operation of different processes for different types of oil shale. Reaction kinetics are presented for organic pyrolysis, carbon combustion, carbonate decomposition, and sulfur and nitrogen reactions.

Burnham, A.K.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

HIGH PRESSURE COAL COMBUSTON KINETICS PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) initiative to improve the efficiency of coal-fired power plants and reduce the pollution generated by these facilities, DOE has funded the High-Pressure Coal Combustion Kinetics (HPCCK) Projects. A series of laboratory experiments were conducted on selected pulverized coals at elevated pressures with the specific goals to provide new data for pressurized coal combustion that will help extend to high pressure and validate models for burnout, pollutant formation, and generate samples of solid combustion products for analyses to fill crucial gaps in knowledge of char morphology and fly ash formation. Two series of high-pressure coal combustion experiments were performed using SRI's pressurized radiant coal flow reactor. The first series of tests characterized the near burner flame zone (NBFZ). Three coals were tested, two high volatile bituminous (Pittsburgh No.8 and Illinois No.6), and one sub-bituminous (Powder River Basin), at pressures of 1, 2, and 3 MPa (10, 20, and 30 atm). The second series of experiments, which covered high-pressure burnout (HPBO) conditions, utilized a range of substantially longer combustion residence times to produce char burnout levels from 50% to 100%. The same three coals were tested at 1, 2, and 3 MPa, as well as at 0.2 MPa. Tests were also conducted on Pittsburgh No.8 coal in CO2 entrainment gas at 0.2, 1, and 2 MPa to begin establishing a database of experiments relevant to carbon sequestration techniques. The HPBO test series included use of an impactor-type particle sampler to measure the particle size distribution of fly ash produced under complete burnout conditions. The collected data have been interpreted with the help of CFD and detailed kinetics simulation to extend and validate devolatilization, char combustion and pollutant model at elevated pressure. A global NOX production sub-model has been proposed. The submodel reproduces the performance of the detailed chemical reaction mechanism for the NBFZ tests.

Stefano Orsino

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

249

Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power August 13, 2013 - 2:27pm Addthis Learn how hydroelectric power, or hydropower, captures the kinetic energy of flowing water and turns it into electricity for our homes and businesses. Humans have been using water to generate power for thousands of years. Hydroelectric power, or hydropower, captures the kinetic energy of flowing water and turns it into electricity, which is then fed into the electrical grid to be used in homes and businesses. This edition of Energy 101 shows how the Energy Department is supporting the development of new hydropower technologies to produce clean, renewable, and reliable power here in the United States. For more information on hydropower from the Office of Energy Efficiency and

250

Model simplification of chemical kinetic systems under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the impact of uncertainty on the reduction and simplification of chemical kinetics mechanisms. Chemical kinetics simulations of complex fuels are very computationally expensive, especially when ...

Coles, Thomas Michael Kyte

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Kinetics of quasi-isoenergetic transition processes in biological macromolecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A master equation describing the evolution of averaged molecular state occupancies in molecular systems where alternation of molecular energy levels is caused by discrete dichotomous and trichotomous stochastic fields, is derived. This study is focused on the kinetics of quasi-isoenergetic transition processes in the presence of moderately high frequency stochastic field. A novel physical mechanism for temperature-independent transitions in flexible molecular systems is proposed. This mechanism becomes effective when the conformation transitions between quasi-isoenergetic molecular states take place. At room temperatures, stochastic broadening of molecular energy levels predominates the energy of low frequency vibrations accompanying the transition. This leads to a cancellation of the temperature dependence in the stochastically averaged rate constants. As examples, physical interpretations of the temperature-independent onset of P2X$_3$ receptor desensitization in neuronal membranes, as well as degradation of PER2 protein in embrionic fibroblasts, are provided.

E. G. Petrov; V. I. Teslenko

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

252

Modeling of Reactor Kinetics and Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

In order to model a full fuel cycle in a nuclear reactor, it is necessary to simulate the short time-scale kinetic behavior of the reactor as well as the long time-scale dynamics that occur with fuel burnup. The former is modeled using the point kinetics equations, while the latter is modeled by coupling fuel burnup equations with the kinetics equations. When the equations are solved simultaneously with a nonlinear equation solver, the end result is a code with the unique capability of modeling transients at any time during a fuel cycle.

Matthew Johnson; Scott Lucas; Pavel Tsvetkov

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Bio-butanol: Combustion properties and detailed chemical kinetic model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autoignition delay time measurements were performed at equivalence ratios of 0.5, 1 and 2 for butan-1-ol at reflected shock pressures of 1, 2.6 and 8 atm at temperatures from 1100 to 1800 K. High-level ab initio calculations were used to determine enthalpies of formation and consequently bond dissociation energies for each bond in the alcohol. A detailed chemical kinetic model consisting of 1399 reactions involving 234 species was constructed and tested against the delay times and also against recent jet-stirred reactor speciation data with encouraging results. The importance of enol chemistry is highlighted. (author)

Black, G.; Curran, H.J.; Pichon, S.; Simmie, J.M.; Zhukov, V. [Combustion Chemistry Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway (Ireland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

255

Identification of intermittent multi-fractal turbulence in fully kinetic simulations of magnetic reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent fully nonlinear, kinetic three-dimensional simulations of magnetic reconnection [Daughton et al. 2011] evolve structures and exhibit dynamics on multiple scales, in a manner reminiscent of turbulence. These simulations of reconnection are among the first to be performed at sufficient spatio-temporal resolution to allow formal quantitative analysis of statistical scaling which we present here. We find that the magnetic field fluctuations generated by reconnection are anisotropic, have non-trivial spatial correlation and exhibit the hallmarks of finite range fluid turbulence; they have non-Gaussian distributions, exhibit Extended Self-Similarity in their scaling and are spatially multifractal. Furthermore, we find that the field J.E is also multifractal, so that magnetic energy is converted to plasma kinetic energy in a manner that is spatially intermittent. This suggests that dissipation in this sense in collisionless reconnection on kinetic scales has an analogue in fluid-like turbulent phenomenology, ...

Leonardis, E; Daughton, W; Roytershteyn, V; Karimabadi, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys [Corrosion and Mechanics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Oxidation Kinetics for Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion Performance/Metal Dusting Overview Light Water Reactors Fatigue Testing of Carbon Steels and Low-Alloy Steels Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Ni-Base Alloys Irradiation-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels Steam Generator Tube Integrity Program Air Oxidation Kinetics for Zr-based Alloys Fossil Energy Fusion Energy Metal Dusting Publications List Irradiated Materials Steam Generator Tube Integrity Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Light Water Reactors Bookmark and Share

257

Definition: Thermal energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Thermal energy Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal energy The kinetic energy associated with the random motions of the molecules of a material or object; often used interchangeably with the terms heat and heat energy. Measured in joules, calories, or Btu.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Thermal energy is the part of the total potential energy and kinetic energy of an object or sample of matter that results in the system temperature. It is represented by the variable Q, and can be measured in Joules. This quantity may be difficult to determine or even meaningless unless the system has attained its temperature only through warming (heating), and not been subjected to work input or output, or any other

258

Kinetic description of rotating Tokamak plasmas with anisotropic temperatures in the collisionless regime  

SciTech Connect

A largely unsolved theoretical issue in controlled fusion research is the consistent kinetic treatment of slowly-time varying plasma states occurring in collisionless and magnetized axisymmetric plasmas. The phenomenology may include finite pressure anisotropies as well as strong toroidal and poloidal differential rotation, characteristic of Tokamak plasmas. Despite the fact that physical phenomena occurring in fusion plasmas depend fundamentally on the microscopic particle phase-space dynamics, their consistent kinetic treatment remains still essentially unchallenged to date. The goal of this paper is to address the problem within the framework of Vlasov-Maxwell description. The gyrokinetic treatment of charged particles dynamics is adopted for the construction of asymptotic solutions for the quasi-stationary species kinetic distribution functions. These are expressed in terms of the particle exact and adiabatic invariants. The theory relies on a perturbative approach, which permits to construct asymptotic analytical solutions of the Vlasov-Maxwell system. In this way, both diamagnetic and energy corrections are included consistently into the theory. In particular, by imposing suitable kinetic constraints, the existence of generalized bi-Maxwellian asymptotic kinetic equilibria is pointed out. The theory applies for toroidal rotation velocity of the order of the ion thermal speed. These solutions satisfy identically also the constraints imposed by the Maxwell equations, i.e., quasi-neutrality and Ampere's law. As a result, it is shown that, in the presence of nonuniform fluid and EM fields, these kinetic equilibria can sustain simultaneously toroidal differential rotation, quasi-stationary finite poloidal flows and temperature anisotropy.

Cremaschini, Claudio [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) and INFN, Trieste (Italy); Tessarotto, Massimo [Department of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Trieste (Italy)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Energy growth in the compliant channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy growth in the compliant channel Jérôme Hoepffner Julien Favier, Alessandro Bottaro #12 stiffness K Forcing by the pressure #12;Energy Flow energy+wall kinetic and potential energy: Energy: 2) Optimality: #12;"=0, stable #12;Optimization results Growth enveloppe Energy evolution

Hoepffner, Jérôme

260

A general kinetic model: Kinetics and atomic-scale mechanisms of feldspar dissolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a general kinetic model and its application to feldspar dissolution. In the framework of Monte Carlo methods, the model simulates the stochastic (more)

Zhang, Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Multiplexed Chemical Kinetic Photoionization Mass Spectrometer: A New Approach To Isomer-resolved Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instruments applied to analysis of complex chemical mixturesrelies on chemical separation (by chromatography) into pureThe multiplexed chemical kinetic photoionization mass

Osborne, David L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Marine & Hydrokinetic Energy video. The words "Energy 101: Marine & Hydrokinetic Energy" appear onscreen. Montage of renewable energy technologies ending with shots of ocean waves. We all know energy can come from the wind and the sun, but there's a plentiful renewable resource covering more than 75% of the planet that you might not have thought about: our water! The movement of the ocean's waves, tides, and currents carries energy that can be harnessed and converted into electricity to power our homes, buildings and cities. The words "Kinetic Energy" appear onscreen with shots of ocean scientists at sea. The words "Marine & Hydrokinetic" appear onscreen.

263

Isopiestic Kinetics of Pd/C/DPB Composite: Temperature Dependence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2007, a continuation of experiments studying the uptake kinetics of a DPB getter material was conducted. In these experiments, a powder formed from ground pellets of DPB getter as currently deployed was subject to multiple hydrogenations in an isopiestic hydrogen reactor. The objective was to observe the reaction kinetics of the powdered material as a function of ambient hydrogen pressure at room temperature, with the intention of resolving key issues of the DPB reaction mechanism that could relate to its aging and capacity characteristics. The results indicated, in agreement with work performed in 2006 as part of the same project, that the likely mechanism of DPB/Hydrogen reaction occurs via the diffusion of unreacted DPB toward the catalyst surface. They also demonstrated that at a sufficiently high pressure (on the order of a few torr) of hydrogen, the reaction was vigorous enough to release sufficient heat to vaporize both the DPB getter and its hydrogenate away from the surface of the Pd catalyst at which the reaction takes place. The consequence was a premature slowing of the reaction kinetics and a drop in overall capacity. In the present work, the isopiestic reaction scheme is expanded to study the dependence of the reaction rate of this material on both hydrogen pressure and temperature. The dependence of the reaction rate on both temperature and pressure can provide both valuable clues about the reaction mechanism, as well as the activation energy of the principal reaction. The activation energy is an especially important term for purposes of doing lifetime predictions for getters under conditions of varying temperature.

Dinh, L N; Meulenberg, R; Saab, A P

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

264

The folding kinetics of ribonuclease Sa and a charge-reversal variant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective was to study the kinetics of folding of RNase Sa. Wild-type RNase Sa does not contain tryptophan. A tryptophan was substituted at residue 81 (WT*) to allow fluorescence spectroscopy to be used to monitor folding. This tryptophan mutation did not change the stability. An analysis of the folding kinetics of RNase Sa showed two folding phases, indicating the presence of an intermediate and consistent with the following mechanism: D ? I ? N. Both refolding limbs of the chevron plot (abcissa = final conc. of denaturant and ordinate = kinetic rate) had non-zero slopes suggesting that proline isomerization was not rate-limiting. The conformational stability of a charge-reversed variant, WT*(D17R), of a surface exposed residue on RNase Sa has been studied by equilibrium techniques. This mutant with a single amino acid charge reversal of a surface exposed residue resulted in decreased stability. Calculations using Coulomb?s Law suggested that favorable electrostatic interactions in the denatured state were the cause for the decreased stability for the charge-reversed variant. Folding and unfolding kinetic studies were designed and conducted to study the charge-reversal effect. Unfolding kinetics showed a 10-fold increase in the unfolding rate constant for WT*(D17R) over WT* and no difference in the rate of refolding. Kinetics experiments were also conducted at pH 3 where protonation of Asp17 (charge reversal site) would be expected to negate the observed kinetic effect. At pH 3 the kinetics of unfolding of WT* RNase Sa and the WT*(D17R) mutant were more similar. These kinetic results indicate that a single-site charge reversal lowered the free energy of the denatured state as suspected. Additionally, the results showed that the transition state was stabilized as well. These results show that a specific Coulombic interaction lowered the free energy in the denatured and transition state of the charge-reversal mutant, more than in WT*. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that a favorable electrostatic interaction in the denatured state ensemble has been shown to influence the unfolding kinetics of a protein.

Trefethen, Jared M.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

On a scale invariant model of statistical mechanics and the kinetic theory of ideal gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scale invariant model of statistical mechanics is applied to derive invariant Maxwell-Boltzmann speed and Planck energy spectrum of equilibrium statistical fields including that of isotropic stationary turbulence. The latter is shown to lead to the ... Keywords: Riemann hypothesis, TOE, kinetic theory of ideal gas, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics

Siavash H. Sohrab

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Kinetic phenomena in charged particle transport in gases and plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The key difference between equilibrium (thermal) and non-equilibrium (low temperature - a.k.a. cold) plasmas is in the degree in which the shape of the cross sections influences the electron energy distribution function (EEDF). In this paper we will discuss the issue of kinetic phenomena from two different angles. The first will be how to take advantage of the strong influence and use low current data to obtain the cross sections. This is also known as the swarm technique and the product of a ''swarm analysis'' is a set of cross sections giving good number, momentum and energy balances of electrons or other charged particles. At the same time understanding the EEDF is based on the cross section data. Nevertheless sometimes the knowledge of the cross sections and even the behaviour of individual particles are insufficient to explain collective behaviour of the ensemble. The resulting ''kinetic'' effects may be used to favour certain properties of non-equilibrium plasmas and even may be used as the basis of some new plasma applications.

Petrovic, Zoran Lj.; Dujko, Sasa; Sasic, Olivera; Stojanovic, Vladimir; Malovic, Gordana [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 68 11080 Zemun (Serbia); Faculty of Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade Belgrade (Serbia); Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 68 11080 Zemun (Serbia)

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

On the Energy Input from Wind to Surface Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A basic model relating the energy dissipation in the ocean mixed layer to the energy input into the surface wave field is combined with recent measurements of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation to determine the average phase speed of the waves ...

J. R. Gemmrich; T. D. Mudge; V. D. Polonichko

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Oscillation Energies of Colliding Raindrops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When raindrops collide, some of the kinetic energy involved in the collision will be available to initiate or sustain oscillations in the surviving drops. This paper presents results of a simple model of drop collisions that generates an estimate ...

David B. Johnson; Kenneth V. Beard

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Consistent description of kinetic equation with triangle anomaly  

SciTech Connect

We provide a consistent description of the kinetic equation with a triangle anomaly which is compatible with the entropy principle of the second law of thermodynamics and the charge/energy-momentum conservation equations. In general an anomalous source term is necessary to ensure that the equations for the charge and energy-momentum conservation are satisfied and that the correction terms of distribution functions are compatible to these equations. The constraining equations from the entropy principle are derived for the anomaly-induced leading order corrections to the particle distribution functions. The correction terms can be determined for the minimum number of unknown coefficients in one charge and two charge cases by solving the constraining equations.

Pu Shi; Gao Jianhua; Wang Qun [Interdisciplinary Center for Theoretical Study and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Mesoscale Energy Spectra of the Mei-Yu Front System. Part II: Moist Available Potential Energy Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part II of this study, a new formulation of the spectral energy budget of moist available potential energy (MAPE) and kinetic energy is derived. Compared to previous formulations, there are three main improvements: i) the Lorenz available ...

Jun Peng; Lifeng Zhang; Yu Luo; Chunhui Xiong

271

Energy harvesting of random wide-band vibrations with applications to an electro-magnetic rotational energy harvester  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In general, vibration energy harvesting is the scavenging of ambient vibration by transduction of mechanical kinetic energy into electrical energy. Many mechanical or electro-mechanical systems produce mechanical vibrations. ...

Trimble, A. Zachary

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Multiple temperature kinetic model and gas-kinetic method for hypersonic non-equilibrium flow computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that for increasingly rarefied flowfields, the predictions from continuum formulation, such as the Navier-Stokes equations lose accuracy. For the high speed diatomic molecular flow in the transitional regime, the inaccuracies are partially ... Keywords: Gas-kinetic method, Hypersonic and rarefied flows, Multiple temperature kinetic model

Kun Xu; Xin He; Chunpei Cai

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

How the Smart Grid Helps Homeowners Reduce Their Energy Use ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Science Bowl 2013 National Science Bowl 2013 President Obama Visits the Energy Department Four Years of Leadership with Secretary Chu The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics...

274

LED Lighting on the National Mall | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Science Bowl 2013 National Science Bowl 2013 President Obama Visits the Energy Department Four Years of Leadership with Secretary Chu The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics...

275

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.6 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 9, 2010 CX-000760: Categorical Exclusion Determination Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demonstration CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02092010 Location(s):...

276

Investigation of Coal-biomass Catalytic Gasification using Experiments, Reaction Kinetics, and Computational Fluid Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal-biomass Catalytic Coal-biomass Catalytic Gasification using Experiments, Reaction Kinetics, and Computational Fluid Dynamics Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports research and development efforts targeted to improve efficiency and reduce the negative environmental effects of the use of fossil fuels. One way to achieve these goals is to combine coal with biomass to create synthesis gas (syngas) for use in turbines and refineries to produce energy, fuels,

277

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Advanced Transportation Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of detailed chemical kinetic models for advanced petroleum-based and nonpetroleum based fuels is a difficult challenge because of the hundreds to thousands of different components in these fuels and because some of these fuels contain components that have not been considered in the past. It is important to develop detailed chemical kinetic models for these fuels since the models can be put into engine simulation codes used for optimizing engine design for maximum efficiency and minimal pollutant emissions. For example, these chemistry-enabled engine codes can be used to optimize combustion chamber shape and fuel injection timing. They also allow insight into how the composition of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels affect engine performance characteristics. Additionally, chemical kinetic models can be used separately to interpret important in-cylinder experimental data and gain insight into advanced engine combustion processes such as HCCI and lean burn engines. The objectives are: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for components of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels. These fuels models include components from vegetable-oil-derived biodiesel, oil-sand derived fuel, alcohol fuels and other advanced bio-based and alternative fuels. (2) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for mixtures of non-petroleum and petroleum-based components to represent real fuels and lead to efficient reduced combustion models needed for engine modeling codes. (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on efficiency and pollutant emissions from practical automotive engines.

PItz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

278

Structural characterization and dehydration kinetics of Kirka inderite mineral: Application of non-isothermal models  

SciTech Connect

Coats-Redfern, Arrhenius, Ozawa, Kissinger, and Doyle non-isothermal kinetic models were used to calculate the dynamic kinetic parameters for dehydration reaction of Mg-borate mineral, inderite (Kirka - Turkey) based on thermogravimetric analysis, derivative thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis. Dehydration experiments were carried out at different heating rates of 2, 5, 10, 15, and 20 deg. C/min in a pure nitrogen atmosphere. Structural and morphological properties have been characterized by X-Ray diffraction, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy, and Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy techniques.

Figen, Aysel Kantuerk, E-mail: akanturk@yildiz.edu.tr [Yildiz Technical University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Davutpasa Campus., N.127, Esenler, Istanbul (Turkey); Yilmaz, Muege Sari, E-mail: mugesari@yildiz.edu.tr [Yildiz Technical University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Davutpasa Campus., N.127, Esenler, Istanbul (Turkey); Piskin, Sabriye, E-mail: piskin@yildiz.edu.tr [Yildiz Technical University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Davutpasa Campus., N.127, Esenler, Istanbul (Turkey)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Kinetics of decomposition of Colorado oil shale. I. Oil generation. [Use of isothermal and nonisothermal methods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Isothermal and nonisothermal methods were used to investigate the kinetics of oil generation during decomposition of 91.7 l/tonne (22-gal/ton) Colorado oil shale. The average of the results from these two methods gives an activation energy of 52.0 kcal/mole and a frequency factor of 3 x 10/sup 13/s/sup -1/. The process is found to be first order to within experimental error. These results compare favorably with data reported in the literature. The reliability and ease of carrying out nonisothermal kinetic experiments to study solid decomposition reactions is demonstrated. Moreover, nonisothermal experiments more accurately simulate actual in situ processing conditions.

Campbell, J.H.; Koskinas, G.; Stout, N.

1976-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

280

Thermodynamic theory of kinetic overshoots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Everything that is not prohibited is permissible. So, what is prohibited in the course of chemical reactions, heat transfer and other dissipative processes? Is it possible to overshoot the equilibrium, and if yes, then how far? Thermodynamically allowed and prohibited trajectories of processes are discussed by the example of effects of equilibrium encircling. The complete theory of thermodynamically accessible states is presented. The space of all thermodynamically admissible paths is presented by projection on the thermodynamic tree, that is the tree of the related thermodynamic potential (entropy, free energy, free enthalpy) in the balance polyhedron. The stationary states and limit points for open systems are localized too. 1

Er N. Gorban; Gregory S. Yablonsky

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

System Dynamics Modeling and Development of a Design Procedure for Short-term Alternative Energy Storage Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recovering and storing a vehicles kinetic energy during deceleration and the subsequent use of the stored energy during acceleration has lead to significant increases in (more)

McDonough, Joshua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Chemical kinetic modelling of hydrocarbon ignition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chemical kinetic modeling of hydrocarbon ignition is discussed with reference to a range of experimental configurations, including shock tubes, detonations, pulse combustors, static reactors, stirred reactors and internal combustion engines. Important conditions of temperature, pressure or other factors are examined to determine the main chemical reaction sequences responsible for chain branching and ignition, and kinetic factors which can alter the rate of ignition are identified. Hydrocarbon ignition usually involves complex interactions between physical and chemical factors, and it therefore is a suitable and often productive subject for computer simulations. In most of the studies to be discussed below, the focus of the attention is placed on the chemical features of the system. The other physical parts of each application are generally included in the form of initial or boundary conditions to the chemical kinetic parts of the problem, as appropriate for each type of application being addressed.

Westbrook, C.K.; Pitz, W.J.; Curran, H.J.; Gaffuri, P.; Marinov, N.M.

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

283

Collisionless kinetic regimes for quasi-stationary axisymmetric accretion disc plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the kinetic treatment of quasi-stationary axisymmetric collisionless accretion disc plasmas. The conditions of validity of the kinetic description for non-relativistic magnetized and gravitationally bound plasmas of this type are discussed. A classification of the possible collisionless plasma regimes which can arise in these systems is proposed, which can apply to accretion discs around both stellar-mass compact objects and galactic-center black holes. Two different classifications are determined, which are referred to, respectively, as energy-based and magnetic field-based classifications. Different regimes are pointed out for each plasma species, depending both on the relative magnitudes of kinetic and potential energies and the magnitude of the magnetic field. It is shown that in all cases, there can be quasi-stationary Maxwellian-like solutions of the Vlasov equation. The perturbative approach outlined here permits unique analytical determination of the functional form for the distribution function consistent, in each kinetic regime, with the explicit inclusion of finite Larmor radius-diamagnetic and/or energy-correction effects.

Cremaschini, C. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) and INFN, Trieste (Italy); Tessarotto, M. [Department of Mathematics and Geosciences, University of Trieste, Trieste (Italy)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Covariability of Components of Poleward Atmospheric Energy Transports on Seasonal and Interannual Timescales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically integrated atmospheric energy and heat budgets are presented with a focus on the zonal mean transports and divergences of dry static energy, latent energy, their sum (the moist static energy), and the total (which includes kinetic ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; David P. Stepaniak

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Energetics and kinetics of anaerobic aromatic and fatty acid degradation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The kinetics of benzoate degradation by the anaerobic syntrophic bacterium, Syntrophus buswellii, was studied in coculture with Desulfovibrio strain G11. The threshold value for benzoate degradation was dependent on the acetate concentration with benzoate threshold values ranging from 2.4 [mu]M at 20 mM acetate to 30.0 [mu]M at 65 mM acetate. Increasing acetate concentrations also inhibited the rate of benzoate degradation with a apparent K[sub i] for acetate inhibition of 7.0 mM. Lower threshold values were obtained when nitrate rather than sulfate was the terminal electron acceptor. These data are consistent with a thermodynamic explanation for the threshold, and suggest that there is a minimum Gibbs free energy value required for the degradation of benzoate. An acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase has been isolated from Syntrophomonas wolfei; it is apparently a key enzyme controlling the synthesis of poly-B-hydroxyalkanoate from acetyl-CoA in this organism. Kinetic characterization of the acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase from S. wolfei showed that it is similar in its structural, kinetic, and apparent regulatory properties to other biosynthetic acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases from phylogenetically distinct bacteria that synthesize PHA. Intracellular concentrations of CoA and acetyl-CoA are believed to be critical factors regulating the activity of the acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase in S. wolfei. We have also isolated and characterized several new halophilic anaerobic fermentative anaerobes. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that one of these bacteria is a new species in the genus, Haloanaerobium. Two other species appear to be members of the genus, Halobacteroides. Several halophilic acetoclastic methanogenic bacteria have also been isolated and their physiological properties are currently under investigation. We have also isolated an acetate-using dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium.

McInerney, M.J.

1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

Astrophysical gyrokinetics: kinetic and fluid turbulent cascades in magnetized weakly collisional plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theoretical framework for plasma turbulence in astrophysical plasmas (solar wind, interstellar medium, galaxy clusters, accretion disks). The key assumptions are that the turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field and frequencies are low compared to the ion cyclotron frequency. The energy injected at the outer scale scale has to be converted into heat, which ultimately cannot be done without collisions. A KINETIC CASCADE develops that brings the energy to collisional scales both in space and velocity. Its nature depends on the physics of plasma fluctuations. In each of the physically distinct scale ranges, the kinetic problem is systematically reduced to a more tractable set of equations. In the "inertial range" above the ion gyroscale, the kinetic cascade splits into a cascade of Alfvenic fluctuations, which are governed by the RMHD equations at both the collisional and collisionless scales, and a passive cascade of compressive fluctuations, which obey a linear kinetic equation along the moving field lines associated with the Alfvenic component. In the "dissipation range" between the ion and electron gyroscales, there are again two cascades: the kinetic-Alfven-wave (KAW) cascade governed by two fluid-like Electron RMHD equations and a passive phase-space cascade of ion entropy fluctuations. The latter cascade brings the energy of the inertial-range fluctuations that was damped by collisionless wave-particle interaction at the ion gyroscale to collisional scales in the phase space and leads to ion heating. The KAW energy is similarly damped at the electron gyroscale and converted into electron heat. Kolmogorov-style scaling relations are derived for these cascades. Astrophysical and space-physical applications are discussed in detail.

A. A. Schekochihin; S. C. Cowley; W. Dorland; G. W. Hammett; G. G. Howes; E. Quataert; T. Tatsuno

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

Wind energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Wind) (Redirected from Wind) Jump to: navigation, search Wind energy is a form of solar energy.[1] Wind energy (or wind power) describes the process by which wind is used to generate electricity. Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical power. A generator can convert mechanical power into electricity[2]. Mechanical power can also be utilized directly for specific tasks such as pumping water. The US DOE developed a short wind power animation that provides an overview of how a wind turbine works and describes the wind resources in the United States. Contents 1 Wind Energy Basics 1.1 Equation for Wind Power 2 DOE Wind Programs and Information 3 Worldwide Installed Capacity 3.1 United States Installed Capacity 4 Wind Farm Development 4.1 Land Requirements

289

Geometry, Heat Removal and Kinetics Scoping Models for Hydrogen Storage Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WSRC-TR-2007-00439, REVISION 0 WSRC-TR-2007-00439, REVISION 0 Keywords: Hydrogen Kinetics, Hydrogen Storage Vessel Metal Hydride Retention: Permanent Geometry, Heat Removal and Kinetics Scoping Models for Hydrogen Storage Systems Bruce J. Hardy November 16, 2007 Washington Savannah River Company Savannah River Site Aiken, SC 29808 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Under Contract Number DEAC09-96-SR18500 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared for the United States Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC09-96SR18500 and is an account of work performed under that contract. Neither the United States Department of Energy, nor WSRC, nor any of their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for accuracy, completeness, or

290

Hydro-kinetic approach to relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a combined hydro-kinetic approach which incorporates a hydrodynamical expansion of the systems formed in \\textit{A}+\\textit{A} collisions and their dynamical decoupling described by escape probabilities. The method corresponds to a generalized relaxation time ($\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$) approximation for the Boltzmann equation applied to inhomogeneous expanding systems; at small $\\tau_{\\text{rel}}$ it also allows one to catch the viscous effects in hadronic component - hadron-resonance gas. We demonstrate how the approximation of sudden freeze-out can be obtained within this dynamical picture of continuous emission and find that hypersurfaces, corresponding to a sharp freeze-out limit, are momentum dependent. The pion $m_{T}$ spectra are computed in the developed hydro-kinetic model, and compared with those obtained from ideal hydrodynamics with the Cooper-Frye isothermal prescription. Our results indicate that there does not exist a universal freeze-out temperature for pions with different momenta, and support an earlier decoupling of higher $p_{T}$ particles. By performing numerical simulations for various initial conditions and equations of state we identify several characteristic features of the bulk QCD matter evolution preferred in view of the current analysis of heavy ion collisions at RHIC energies.

S. V. Akkelin; Y. Hama; Iu. A. Karpenko; Yu. M. Sinyukov

2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

291

Radiation from Kinetic Poynting Flux Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive analytic formulas for the power output and critical frequency of radiation by electrons accelerated by relativistic kinetic Poynting flux, and validate these results with Particle-In-Cell plasma simulations. We find that the in-situ radiation power output and critical frequency are much below those predicted by the classical synchrotron formulae. We discuss potential astrophysical applications of these results.

Edison Liang; Koichi Noguchi

2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

292

Reaction kinetics for remodeling oil shale retorting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from recent laboratory kinetic studies at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) on gasification, pyrolysis, and mineral reactions in oil shale are presented. The specific pyrolysis reactions investigated include the decomposition of kerogen, the evolution of oil, hydrogen and C/sub 2/ plus C/sub 3/ hydrocarbons and the formation of a carbonaceous residue. Data describing the evolution of H/sub 2/ and CH/sub 4/ during secondary pyrolysis of the carbonaceous residue are also presented. The mineral reaction kinetics discussed include the decomposition and/or reaction (with silica or silicates) of calcite, dolomite, dawsonite and nahcolite. Rate equations describing the effects of CO/sub 2/ and steam on the reactions of calcite and dolomite are presented. Finally, kinetics describing gasification of the carbonaceous residue by CO/sub 2/ and H/sub 2/O are examined. The above kinetic data are summarized in a set of rate expressions that can be used in numerical modeling of oil shale retorting. The rate equations are general enough for modeling both in-situ and surface retorting processes.

Campbell, J.H.; Burnham, A.K.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor R. Dean Astumian Nonequilibrium fluctuations particle separation and the design of molecular motors and pumps. A small particle in a liquid is subject in conjunction with an- isotropy to drive a motor in the context of a "ratchet and pawl" device shrunk to micro

Linke, Heiner

294

KINETICS, STABILITY, AND CONTROL. A Selected Bibliography  

SciTech Connect

References to 529 articles on nuclear reactor control, kinetics, and stability published before autumn 1962 are included. Emphasis is on calculations and theory since the references serve as an aid in analyzing the dynamic behavior of SNAP reactor systems. (D.C.W.)

Johnson, R.L.

1963-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Hydrogen Combustion Limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic model is used to explore the flammability and detonability of hydrogen mixtures. In the case of flammability, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for hydrogen is coupled to the CHEMKIN Premix code to compute premixed, laminar flame speeds. The detailed chemical kinetic model reproduces flame speeds in the literature over a range of equivalence ratios, pressures and reactant temperatures. A series of calculation were performed to assess the key parameters determining the flammability of hydrogen mixtures. Increased reactant temperature was found to greatly increase the flame speed and the flammability of the mixture. The effect of added diluents was assessed. Addition of water and carbon dioxide were found to reduce the flame speed and thus the flammability of a hydrogen mixture approximately equally well and much more than the addition of nitrogen. The detailed chemical kinetic model was used to explore the detonability of hydrogen mixtures. A Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doring (ZND) detonation model coupled with detailed chemical kinetics was used to model the detonation. The effectiveness on different diluents was assessed in reducing the detonability of a hydrogen mixture. Carbon dioxide was found to be most effective in reducing the detonability followed by water and nitrogen. The chemical action of chemical inhibitors on reducing the flammability of hydrogen mixtures is discussed. Bromine and organophosphorus inhibitors act through catalytic cycles that recombine H and OH radicals in the flame. The reduction in H and OH radicals reduces chain branching in the flame through the H + O{sub 2} = OH + O chain branching reaction. The reduction in chain branching and radical production reduces the flame speed and thus the flammability of the hydrogen mixture.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

296

Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion Layer of a Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cell Title Isothermal Ice Crystallization Kinetics in the Gas-Diffusion Layer...

297

Turbulent Vertical Kinetic Energy in the Ocean Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities in the ocean boundary layer were measured for two weeks at an open ocean, wintertime site using neutrally buoyant floats. Simultaneous measurements of the surface meteorology and surface waves showed a large variability in ...

Eric A. D'Asaro

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Velcro Measurement of Turbulence Kinetic Energy Dissipation Rate ?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulence in the ocean results from many different processes operating over a wide range of space scales and timescales, with spatial and temporal variability particularly extreme in coastal oceans. If the origins and effects of turbulent ...

Ann E. Gargett

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Controlled Kinetic Energy Ion Source for Miniature Ion Trap ...  

with electronic signal sources coupled to the electrodes. The ion trap can be machined with conventional materials and methods and has demonstrated

300

Tropical Cyclone Destructive Potential by Integrated Kinetic Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone damage potential, as currently defined by the SaffirSimpson scale and the maximum sustained surface wind speed in the storm, fails to consider the area impact of winds likely to force surge and waves or cause particular levels ...

Mark D. Powell; Timothy A. Reinhold

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Tropical Cyclone Inner-Core Kinetic Energy Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone (TC) destructive potential is highly dependent on the distribution of the surface wind field. To gain a better understanding of wind structure evolution, TC 0200-km wind fields from aircraft reconnaissance flight-level data are ...

Katherine S. Maclay; Mark DeMaria; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

MHK Technologies/Verdant-Kinetic Hydropower System | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

enclosed within the nacelle that integrates the bearing housing with a special long-life planetary gearbox, with mechanical shaft seals and a minimum of sealed lubricants. d)...

303

Double Your Kinetic Energy: Disappearance of the Classical Limit in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Saccharification Process of Cellulosic Biomass by Microwave Irradiation Novel Lamination Method for Large Armor Panels Raman Spectroscopy for...

304

THE KINETICS AND STABILITY OF FAST REACTORS WITH SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS OF NONLINEARITIES (thesis)  

SciTech Connect

The dynamic behavior of a fast reactor, when the neutron flux is considered as a function of time, is considered. The kinetics of a fast reactor can be grouped into three distinct areas of interest; the first being the normal operating conditions where all the changes are brought about in a slow manner. and the resulting flux changes being small in comparison with the steady stuff flux. Since the available reactivity and the power density of most large thermal reactors is so small, and the heat capacity is so large, nothing but small deviations from design conditions would occur before the control rods were inserted. Thus reactor kinetics traditionally has meant linear kinetics, which in the mathematical interpretation leads to linearized kinetic equations. The second area is where there is much stronger coupling between reactivity and geometrical changes in the core. A fast reactor has a much higher power density than a thermal reactor and geometrical changes will therefore be more effective on reactivity. A fast reactor needs a greater total amount of U-235 because the fission cross section of U-235 is several hundred times smaller at neutron energies of the order of 0.1 Mev as compared to thermal energies. A fast reactor will always be smaller than a thermal reactor assuming the same power production. Stability and the influence of non linearities are discussed. (A.C.)

Sandmeier, H.A.

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Propagation of Chaos for a Thermostated Kinetic Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a system of N point particles moving on a d-dimensional torus. Each particle is subject to a uniform field E and random speed conserving collisions. This model is a variant of the Drude-Lorentz model of electrical conduction. In order to avoid heating by the external field, the particles also interact with a Gaussian thermostat which keeps the total kinetic energy of the system constant. The thermostat induces a mean-field type of interaction between the particles. Here we prove that, starting from a product measure, in the large N limit, the one particle velocity distribution satisfies a self consistent Vlasov-Boltzmann equation.. This is a consequence of "propagation of chaos", which we also prove for this model.

F. Bonetto; E. A. Carlen; R. Esposito; J. L. Lebowitz; R. Marra

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

MHK Technologies/The Crestwing Wave Energy Converter | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crestwing Wave Energy Converter Crestwing Wave Energy Converter < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage The Crestwing Wave Energy Converter.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Waveenergyfyn Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7 8 Open Water System Testing Demonstration and Operation Technology Description The connected pontoons swing around the hinge when the top of the waves passes under the floats The pontoons relative motion is converted into usable energy through a linear PTO system The pontoons are pushed upwards from the below passing wave and again dragged down by the same passing wave Complex hydrodynamic conditions occur under the pontoons when the wave formation pushes the unit up and down simultaneously The energy from waves can be divided into fifty percent potential energy and fifty percent kinetic energy Crestwing absorbs both the potential energy as the kinetic energy which is the back ground for the high efficiency

307

Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nd ed.; Cambridge University Press: New York, 1993. (51) Sparks, D. L. Kinetics of Soil Chemical Processes; Academic Press: New York, 1989. (52) Espenson, J. H. Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, 2Kinetic Controls on Cu and Pb Sorption by Ferrihydrite A N D R E A S C . S C H E I N O

Sparks, Donald L.

308

Kinetic and stationary point-set embeddability for plane graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate a kinetic version of point-set embeddability. Given a plane graph G(V,E) where |V|=n, and a set P of n moving points where the trajectory of each point is an algebraic function of constant ... Keywords: kinetic algorithm, kinetic graph drawing, plane graph, point-set embeddability

Zahed Rahmati; Sue H. Whitesides; Valerie King

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Energy of one-dimensional diatomic elastic granular gas: Theory and molecular dynamics Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One-dimensional ideal diatomic gas is simulated through possible types of motion of a molecule. Energy of each type of its motion is calculated from theory and numerical method. Calculation of kinetic energy of an atom in translational-vibrational motion is not analytically simple, but it can be solved by numerical method of molecular dynamic simulation. This paper justifies that kinetic energy of a diatomic molecule can be determined by two different approaches. The first is the sum of kinetic energy of each atom and second is the sum of kinetic energy of translational motion and vibrational motion.

Khotimah, Siti Nurul; Widayani,; Waris, Abdul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Effects of Loading Kinetics on the Shock Response of Polycrystalline Copper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of loading kinetics on the damage evolution in high purity copper samples are summarized as follows: The combination of the energy supplied by the shock impulse (peak stress) and the time spent in it dissipation seem to be responsible for the characteristics of the damage fields. For an increasing coupled parameter of energy*time, more damage was predicted, as well as experimentally observed; As more energy (higher peak stress) was dissipated for longer periods of time (lower decompression rate), the damage fields evolved from early stages of damage, in the form of void nucleation and initial void growth, to the later stages of void coalescence.

Escobedo-Diaz, Juan P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trujillo, Carl P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dennis-Koller, Darcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bronkhorst, Curt A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Asphalt Oxidation Kinetics and Pavement Oxidation Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most paved roads in the United States are surfaced with asphalt. These asphalt pavements suffer from fatigue cracking and thermal cracking, aggravated by the oxidation and hardening of asphalt. This negative impact of asphalt oxidation on pavement performance has not been considered adequately in pavement design. Part of the reason is that the process of asphalt oxidation in pavement is not well understood. This work focused on understanding the asphalt oxidation kinetics and on developing pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation and hardening in pavement under environmental conditions. A number of asphalts were studied in laboratory condition. Based on kinetics data, a fast-rate ? constant-rate asphalt oxidation kinetics model was developed to describe the early nonlinear fast-rate aging period and the later constant-rate period of asphalt oxidation. Furthermore, reaction kinetics parameters for the fast-rate and constant-rate reactions were empirically correlated, leading to a simplified model. And the experimental effort and time to obtain these kinetics parameters were significantly reduced. Furthermore, to investigate the mechanism of asphalt oxidation, two antioxidants were studied on their effectiveness. Asphalt oxidation was not significantly affected. It was found that evaluation of antioxidant effectiveness based on viscosity only is not reliable. The asphalt oxidation kinetics model was incorporated into the pavement oxidation model that predicts asphalt oxidation in pavement. The pavement oxidation model mimics the oxidation process of asphalt in real mixture at pavement temperatures. A new parameter, diffusion depth, defined the oxygen diffusion region in the mastic. A field calibration factor accounted for the factors not considered in the model such as the effect of small aggregate particles on oxygen diffusion. Carbonyl area and viscosity of binders recovered from field cores of three pavements in Texas were measured and were used for model calibration and validation. Results demonstrated that the proposed model estimates carbonyl growth over time in pavement, layer-by-layer, quite well. Finally, this work can be useful for incorporating asphalt oxidation into a pavement design method that can predict pavement performance with time and for making strategic decisions such as optimal time for maintenance treatments.

Jin, Xin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Analysis on kinetic chemotaxis models using a functional analytic approach Analysis on kinetic chemotaxis models using a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are applicable at the molecular level. Copyright # 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEYWORDS: kinetic stability of that system are undergoing constant change. This chemical example of replicator kinetic stability is akin in circumstance may dramatically affect the kinetic stability of physical, chemical and biological, systems. So

Hille, Sander

313

React. Kinet.Catal.Lett., Vol.9, No. 4,377-381 (1978) WHAT IS ESSENTIAL TO EXOTIC KINETIC BEHAVIOR?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6= 10'. I = 1 I=I 378 #12;TOTH: EXOTIC KINETIC BEHAVIOR? COROLLARIES Immediate application). REFERENCES 1. M. Feinberg: Mathamatical Aspects of Mass Action Kinetics. Chapter 1 of Chemical Reactor Theory-London-New York 1972. 3. J. T6th, P. ~rdi: Models, Problems and Applications of Formal Reaction Kinetics (in

Tóth, János

314

Bench-scale Kinetics Study of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors  

SciTech Connect

This document is the final report for Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42314, 'Kinetics Study of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors'. The project was co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory and EPRI. The objective of the project has been to determine the mechanisms and kinetics of the aqueous reactions of mercury absorbed by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems, and develop a kinetics model to predict mercury reactions in wet FGD systems. The model may be used to determine optimum wet FGD design and operating conditions to maximize mercury capture in wet FGD systems. Initially, a series of bench-top, liquid-phase reactor tests were conducted and mercury species concentrations were measured by UV/visible light spectroscopy to determine reactant and byproduct concentrations over time. Other measurement methods, such as atomic absorption, were used to measure concentrations of vapor-phase elemental mercury, that cannot be measured by UV/visible light spectroscopy. Next, a series of bench-scale wet FGD simulation tests were conducted. Because of the significant effects of sulfite concentration on mercury re-emission rates, new methods were developed for operating and controlling the bench-scale FGD experiments. Approximately 140 bench-scale wet FGD tests were conducted and several unusual and pertinent effects of process chemistry on mercury re-emissions were identified and characterized. These data have been used to develop an empirically adjusted, theoretically based kinetics model to predict mercury species reactions in wet FGD systems. The model has been verified in tests conducted with the bench-scale wet FGD system, where both gas-phase and liquid-phase mercury concentrations were measured to determine if the model accurately predicts the tendency for mercury re-emissions. This report presents and discusses results from the initial laboratory kinetics measurements, the bench-scale wet FGD tests, and the kinetics modeling efforts.

Gary Blythe; John Currie; David DeBerry

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

315

Kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general kinetic and hydrodynamic models of chemotactic aggregation that describe certain features of the morphogenesis of biological colonies (like bacteria, amoebae, endothelial cells or social insects). Starting from a stochastic model defined in terms of N coupled Langevin equations, we derive a nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equation governing the evolution of the distribution function of the system in phase space. By taking the successive moments of this kinetic equation and using a local thermodynamic equilibrium condition, we derive a set of hydrodynamic equations involving a damping term. In the limit of small frictions, we obtain a hyperbolic model describing the formation of network patterns (filaments) and in the limit of strong frictions we obtain a parabolic model which is a generalization of the standard Keller-Segel model describing the formation of clusters (clumps). Our approach connects and generalizes several models introduced in the chemotactic literature. We discuss the anal...

Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

ET Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes Kinetics of Bifunctional Redox Protein Maquettes Mitchell W. Mutz, James F. Wishart and George L. McLendon Adv. Chem Ser. 254, Ch. 10, pp. 145-159 Abstract: We prepared three bifunctional redox protein maquettes based on 12-, 16-, and 20-mer three-helix bundles. In each case, the helix was capped with a Co(III) tris-bipyridyl electron acceptor and also functionalized with a C-terminal viologen (1-ethyl-1'-ethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium) donor. Electron transfer (ET) was initiated by pulse radiolysis and flash photolysis and followed spectrometrically to determined average, concentration-independent, first-order rates for the 16-mer and 20-mer maquettes. For the 16-mer bundle, the alpha-helical content was adjusted by the addition of urea or trifluoroethanol to solutions containing the metalloprotein. This

317

Chemical kinetics models for semiconductor processing  

SciTech Connect

Chemical reactions in the gas-phase and on surfaces are important in the deposition and etching of materials for microelectronic applications. A general software framework for describing homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction kinetics utilizing the Chemkin suite of codes is presented. Experimental, theoretical and modeling approaches to developing chemical reaction mechanisms are discussed. A number of TCAD application modules for simulating the chemically reacting flow in deposition and etching reactors have been developed and are also described.

Coltrin, M.E.; Creighton, J.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Meeks, E.; Grcar, J.F.; Houf, W.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Kee, R.J. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

The Total Energy Norm in a Quasigeostrophic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total energy E as the sum of kinetic and available potential energies is considered here for quasigeostrophic (QG) dynamics. The discrete expression for E is derived for the QG model formulation of Marshall and Molteni. While E is conserved by ...

Martin Ehrendorfer

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Coalescence kinetics in surfactant stabilized emulsions: Evolution equations from direct numerical simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lattice Boltzmann simulations were used to study the coalescence kinetics in emulsions with amphiphilic surfactant, under neutrally buoyant conditions, and with a significant kinematic viscosity contrast between the phases (emulating water in oil emulsions). The 3D simulation domain was large enough (256 3rd power -- 10 7th power grid points) to obtain good statistics with droplet numbers ranging from a few thousand at early times to a few hundred near equilibrium. Increased surfactant contents slowed down the coalescence rate between droplets due to the Gibbs-Marangoni effect, and the coalescence was driven by a quasi-turbulent velocity field. The kinetic energy decayed at a relatively slow rate at early times, due to conversion of interfacial energy to kinetic energy in the flow during coalescence. Phenomenological, coupled differential equations for the mean droplet diameter D(t) and the number density nd(t) were obtained from the simulation data and from film draining theories. Local (in time) power law exponents for the growth of the mean diameter (and for the concomitant decrease of nd) were established in terms of the instantaneous values of the kinetic energy, coalescence probability, Gibbs elasticity, and interfacial area. The model studies indicated that true power laws for the growth of the droplet size and decrease of the number of droplets with time may not be justified, since the exponents derived using the phenomenological model were time dependent. In contrast to earlier simulation results for symmetric blends with surfactant, we found no evidence for stretched logarithmic scaling of the formD -- [ln (ct)]a for the morphology length, or exponential scalings associated with arrested growth, on the basis of the phenomenological model.

R. Skartlien; E. Sollum; A. Akselsen; P. Meakin; B. Grimes; J. Sjoblom

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Go Proteinlike Heteropolymer Model with Two-State Folding Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of Monte Carlo computer simulations of a coarse-grained hydrophobic-polar Go-like heteropolymer model and discuss thermodynamic properties and kinetics of an exemplified heteropolymer, exhibiting two-state folding behavior. It turns out that general, characteristic folding features of realistic proteins with a single free-energy barrier can also be observed in this simplified model, where the folding transition is primarily driven by the hydrophobic force.

Anna Kallias; Michael Bachmann; Wolfhard Janke

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Enhanced Generic Phase-field Model of Irradiation Materials: Fission Gas Bubble Growth Kinetics in Polycrystalline UO2  

SciTech Connect

Experiments show that inter-granular and intra-granular gas bubbles have different growth kinetics which results in heterogeneous gas bubble microstructures in irradiated nuclear fuels. A science-based model predicting the heterogeneous microstructure evolution kinetics is desired, which enables one to study the effect of thermodynamic and kinetic properties of the system on gas bubble microstructure evolution kinetics and morphology, improve the understanding of the formation mechanisms of heterogeneous gas bubble microstructure, and provide the microstructure to macroscale approaches to study their impact on thermo-mechanical properties such as thermo-conductivity, gas release, volume swelling, and cracking. In our previous report 'Mesoscale Benchmark Demonstration, Problem 1: Mesoscale Simulations of Intra-granular Fission Gas Bubbles in UO2 under Post-irradiation Thermal Annealing', we developed a phase-field model to simulate the intra-granular gas bubble evolution in a single crystal during post-irradiation thermal annealing. In this work, we enhanced the model by incorporating thermodynamic and kinetic properties at grain boundaries, which can be obtained from atomistic simulations, to simulate fission gas bubble growth kinetics in polycrystalline UO2 fuels. The model takes into account of gas atom and vacancy diffusion, vacancy trapping and emission at defects, gas atom absorption and resolution at gas bubbles, internal pressure in gas bubbles, elastic interaction between defects and gas bubbles, and the difference of thermodynamic and kinetic properties in matrix and grain boundaries. We applied the model to simulate gas atom segregation at grain boundaries and the effect of interfacial energy and gas mobility on gas bubble morphology and growth kinetics in a bi-crystal UO2 during post-irradiation thermal annealing. The preliminary results demonstrate that the model can produce the equilibrium thermodynamic properties and the morphology of gas bubbles at grain boundaries for given grain boundary properties. More validation of the model capability in polycrystalline is underway.

Li, Yulan; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Montgomery, Robert O.; Gao, Fei; Sun, Xin

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

322

A Total Turbulent Energy Closure Model for Neutrally and Stably Stratified Atmospheric Boundary Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a turbulence closure for neutral and stratified atmospheric conditions. The closure is based on the concept of the total turbulent energy. The total turbulent energy is the sum of the turbulent kinetic energy and turbulent ...

Thorsten Mauritsen; Gunilla Svensson; Sergej S. Zilitinkevich; Igor Esau; Leif Enger; Branko Grisogono

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Large-Scale Energy Transformations in the High Latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetic energy balance and kinetic energy source are studied for high latitudes north of 55N with twice daily upper air observations during a seven-year period from 1973 to 1979. Energy variables are presented for 5 latitudinal zones from ...

E. C. Kung; S. E. Masters; J. A. M. Corte-Real

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemical State Changes in Ion-Irradiated Fuels and Structural Components with a High Kinetic Energy Electron Detector - Illinois Institute of Technology CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date:...

325

Energy Analysis of Convectively Induced Wind Perturbations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Budgets of divergent and rotational components of kinetic energy (KD and KR) are examined for four upper level wind speed maxima that develop during the fourth Atmospheric Variability Experiment (AVE IV) and the first AVE-Severe Environmental ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; Dennis E. Buechler

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Kinetic Modeling of Toluene Oxidation for Surrogate Fuel Applications  

SciTech Connect

New environmental issues, like the effect of combustion-generated greenhouse gases, provide motivation to better characterize oxidation of hydrocarbons. Transportation, in particular, significantly contributes to energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions. Kinetic studies about the combustion of fuels under conditions typical of internal combustion engines provides important support to improve mechanism formulation and to eventually provide better computational tools that can be used to increase the engine performance. It is foreseeable that at least in the next 30 years the main transportation fuels will be either gasoline or diesel. Unfortunately, these fuels are very complex mixtures of many components. Moreover, their specifications and performance requirements significantly change the composition of these fuels: gasoline and diesel mixtures are different if coming from different refineries or they are different from winter to summer. At the same time a fuel with a well defined and reproducible composition is needed for both experimental and modeling work. In response to these issues, surrogate fuels are proposed. Surrogate fuels are defined as mixtures of a small number of hydrocarbons whose relative concentrations is adjusted in order to approximate the chemical and physical properties of a real fuel. Surrogate fuels are then very useful both for the design of reproducible experimental tests and also for the development of reliable kinetic models. The primary reference fuels (PRF) are a typical and old example of surrogate fuel: n-heptane and iso-octane mixtures are used to reproduce antiknock propensity of complex mixtures contained in a gasoline. PRFs are not able to surrogate gasoline in operating conditions different from standard ones and new surrogates have been recently proposed. Toluene is included in all of them as a species able to represent the behavior of aromatic compounds. On the other side, the toluene oxidation chemistry is not so well established and uncertainties still remain in the mechanism. This is especially true in the low temperature regime (< 850K). In these conditions, the toluene reactivity is too low to be conveniently investigated. Nonetheless, gasoline surrogates work in the engine at low temperatures, because of the presence of very reactive alkanes. The effect of these component interactions have to be taken into account. This work's aim is to present the model activity carried out by two different research groups, comparing the main pathways and results, matching data carried out in different devices both for pure toluene and mixtures. This is the starting point for a further activity to improve the two kinetic schemes.

Frassoldati, A; Mehl, M; Fietzek, R; Faravelli, T; Pitz, W J; Ranzi, E

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Pedestal Fueling Simulations with a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G.Y. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

328

Water Power for a Clean Energy Future (Fact Sheet), NREL (National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

facilities, developing new low-impact facilities, and using abundant marine and hydro- kinetic energy resources. EPRI research suggests that ocean wave and in-stream...

329

2D Axisymmetric Coupled CFD-kinetics Modeling of a Nonthermal Arc Plasma Torch for Diesel Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- kinetics models have been developed to study partial oxidation, steam or autothermal reforming of methane1 Reforming Alexandre Lebouvier, François Cauneau and Laurent Fulcheri* Center for Energy and Processes, MINES-assisted diesel fuel reformer developed for two different applications: (i) onboard H2 production for fuel cell

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

Gas Kinetic Study of Magnetic Field Effects on Plasma Plumes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasma flow physics in magnetic nozzles must be clearly understood for optimal design of plasma propulsion devices. Toward that end, in this thesis we: i) perform an extensive literature survey of magnetic nozzle physics, ii) assess the validity of magnetohydrodynamics for studying magnetic nozzle physics, and iii) illustrate the effects of the Hall term in simple flows as well as in magnetic nozzle configurations through numerical experiments with the Magneto-Gas Kinetic Method (MGKM). The crucial steps necessary for thrust generation in magnetic nozzles are energy conversion, plasma detachment, and momentum transfer. These three physical phenomena must be understood to optimize magnetic nozzle design. The operating dimensionless parameter ranges of six prominent experiments are considered and the corresponding mechanisms are discussed. An order of magnitude analysis of the governing equations reveal: i) most magnetic nozzles under consideration operate at the edge of the continuum regime rendering continuum-based description and computation valid; ii) in the context of MHD framework, the generalized Ohms law must be used to capture all of the relevant physics. This work also continues the development of the Magneto Gas Kinetic Method (MGKM) computational tool. Validation of the solver is performed in shock-tube and Hartmann channel flows in the Hall physics regime. Comparison with theory and available data is made whenever possible. Novel numerical experiments of magnetic nozzle plasma jets in the Hall regime are performed, confirming the theoretically predicted azimuthal rotation of the plasma jet due to Hall physics. The primary conclusion from this work is that the addition of the Hall effect generates helical structures in magnetic nozzle plasma flows. Preliminary results are encouraging for future magnetic nozzle studies and further challenges are identified.

Ebersohn, Frans 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Kinetics of Anionic Surfactant Anoxic Degradation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biodegradation kinetics of Geropon TC-42 (trademark) by an acclimated culture was investigated in anoxic batch reactors to determine biokinetic coefficients to be implemented in two biofilm mathematical models. Geropon TC-42 (trademark) is the surfactant commonly used in space habitation. The two biofilm models differ in that one assumes a constant biofilm density and the other allows biofilm density changes based on space occupancy theory. Extant kinetic analysis of a mixed microbial culture using Geropon TC-42 (trademark) as sole carbon source was used to determine cell yield, specific growth rate, and the half-saturation constant for S0/X0 ratios of 4, 12.5, and 34.5. To estimate cell yield, linear regression analysis was performed on data obtained from three sets of simultaneous batch experiments for three S0/X0 ratios. The regressions showed non-zero intercepts, suggesting that cell multiplication is not possible at low substrate concentrations. Non-linear least-squares analysis of the integrated equation was used to estimate the specific growth rate and the half-saturation constant. Net specific growth rate dependence on substrate concentration indicates a self-inhibitory effect of Geropon TC-42 (trademark). The flow rate and the ratio of the concentrations of surfactant to nitrate were the factors that most affected the simulations. Higher flow rates resulted in a shorter hydraulic retention time, shorter startup periods, and faster approach to a steady-state biofilm. At steady-state, higher flow resulted in lower surfactant removal. Higher influent surfactant/nitrate concentration ratios caused a longer startup period, supported more surfactant utilization, and biofilm growth. Both models correlate to the empirical data. A model assuming constant biofilm density is computationally simpler and easier to implement. Therefore, a suitable anoxic packed bed reactor for the removal of the surfactant Geropon TC-42 (trademark) can be designed by using the estimated kinetic values and a model assuming constant biofilm density.

Camacho, Julianna G.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Gasification characteristics and kinetics for an Eastern oil shale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gasification reactivity of an Eastern oil shale was studied in a three-year research project under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center, and HYCRUDE Corp. to expand the data base on the hydroretorting of Eastern oil shales. Gasification tests were conducted with the Indiana New Albany oil shale during the first year of the program. A total of six Eastern oil shales are planned to be tested during the program. A laboratory thermobalance and a 2-inch diameter fluidized bed were used to conduct gasification tests with Indiana New Albany oil shale. Temperature and pressure ranges used were 1600 to 1900/sup 0/F and 15 to 500 psig, respectively. Fifteen thermobalance tests were made in hydrogen/steam and synthesis gas/steam mixtures. Six fluidized-bed tests were made in the same synthesis gas/steam mixture. Carbon conversions as high as 95% were achieved. Thermobalance test results and a kinetic description of weight loss during hydrogen/steam gasification are presented. 14 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

Lau, F.S.; Rue, D.M.; Punwani, D.V.; Rex, R.C. Jr.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Florida's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida. Florida. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Florida's 8th congressional district Intellon Corporation Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 8th congressional district Alternative Concepts and Technology Florida Power Electronics Center FPEC Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction FuelClinic Iosil Energy Corporation Kinetic Energy Systems Planar Energy Devices Energy Generation Facilities in Florida's 8th congressional district Space Coast Next Generation Solar Energy Center Solar Power Plant Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Florida%27s_8th_congressional_district&oldid=182793" Categories: Places Stubs Congressional Districts What links here Related changes

334

Questions and Answers - Do rotating magnets create energy? Where can I find  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

If energy is formed by a generator,how does it form the energy? If energy is formed by a generator,<br>how does it form the energy? Previous Question (If energy is formed by a generator, how does it form the energy?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (What is the fastest type of energy?) What is the fastest type of energy? Do rotating magnets create energy? Where can I find more information on this subject? The first law of thermodynamics is that matter/energy cannot be "created" or destroyed. We can convert energy from one form to another. For instance, in a car, we convert chemical energy (actually the binding energy of electrons) to heat, which in turn is converted to kinetic energy (motion). Your question has a similar answer. When you rotate a magnet, you are using kinetic energy to move it. This kinetic energy can be converted to

335

PBXN-9 Ignition Kinetics and Deflagration Rates  

SciTech Connect

The ignition kinetics and deflagration rates of PBXN-9 were measured using specially designed instruments at LLNL and compared with previous work on similar HMX based materials. Ignition kinetics were measured based on the One Dimensional Time-to-Explosion combined with ALE3D modeling. Results of these experiments indicate that PBXN-9 behaves much like other HMX based materials (i.e. LX-04, LX-07, LX-10 and PBX-9501) and the dominant factor in these experiments is the type of explosive, not the type of binder/plasticizer. In contrast, the deflagration behavior of PBXN-9 is quite different from similar high weight percent HMX based materials (i.e LX-10, LX-07 and PBX-9501). PBXN-9 burns in a laminar manner over the full pressure range studied (0-310 MPa) unlike LX-10, LX-07, and PBX-9501. The difference in deflagration behavior is attributed to the nature of the binder/plasticizer alone or in conjunction with the volume of binder present in PBXN-9.

Glascoe, E; Maienschein, J; Burnham, A; Koerner, J; Hsu, P; Wemhoff, A

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

336

Kinetics of zeolite dealumination in steam  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Zeolite dealumination is a well known phenomenon that contributes to the deactivation or activation of catalysts in several different applications. The most obvious effect is in acid catalysis where dealumination under reaction conditions removes the Broensted sites, thus deactivating the catalyst. The authors are interested in the use of cation exchanged zeolites as selective reduction catalysts for removal of NO{sub x} from exhaust streams, particularly from automotive exhaust. In this case, copper exchanged ZSM-5 has been shown to be an effective catalyst for the generic reaction of NO{sub x} with hydrocarbons. However, high temperature and steam in combustion exhaust causes dealumination and consequent migration of copper out of the zeolite structure resulting in rapid deactivation of the catalyst. Dealumination of zeolites has been reported by many authors in uncountable papers and cannot be reviewed here. However, to the authors` knowledge there are no reports on the kinetics of dealumination under varying conditions of temperature and steam. By measuring the kinetics of dealumination with different zeolites and exchange cations they expect to develop working models of the dealumination process that will allow control of zeolite deactivation. This manuscript is a description of the basic techniques used and a progress report on the very beginning of this study.

Hughes, C.D.; Labouriau, A.; Crawford, S.N.; Romero, R.; Quirin, J.; Earl, W.L.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate Print Direct Kinetic Measurements of a Criegee Intermediate Print In the earth's troposphere, which blankets the planet surface where we live and breathe, dust particles, gas molecules, water vapor, and sunlight provide the ingredients for a multitude of chemical reactions that can generate effects ranging from clouds and smog to acid rain and climate change. In 1949, chemist Rudolf Criegee proposed a novel chemical pathway for one such reaction, known as ozonolysis: the destruction of alkenes (a type of hydrocarbon), via reaction with ozone, a key pollutant in the troposphere. Although there has been much indirect evidence supporting Criegee's mechanism, breakthrough research done at the ALS by chemists from Sandia National Laboratories, the University of Manchester, and Bristol University has for the first time directly measured reaction rates for so-called "Criegee intermediates," elusive molecules formed at intermediate stages of ozonolysis. The surprising results may have important implications for subjects ranging from advanced engine design to air quality and climate modeling.

338

Thermo -Dynamic & -Kinetic Modeling to Quantify the Evolution of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermo-kinetic model is applied on various chemical compositions of type ... Application of the Phase-Field Model to Four-Phase Reactions in Ternary Alloys.

339

An Integrated CALPHAD Tool for Modeling Precipitation Kinetics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, An Integrated CALPHAD Tool for Modeling Precipitation Kinetics and Accelerating Materials Design. Author(s), Qing Chen, Herng-Jeng Jou,...

340

The Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Dissolution of Coarse Particles ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of the kinetics of dissolution of Nb-rich and Nb2C particles in .... The Influence of Specimen Fabrication Method on the Measured Tensile...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Chemical Dynamics, Molecular Energetics, and Kinetics at the Synchrotron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

novelmeasurementsofchemicaldynamicsforclusters,Chemical Dynamics, Molecular Energetics, and Kinetics at theUniversity of California Chemical Sciences Division,

Leone, Stephen R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae. Author(s), Chunfang Zi, Kai Huang, Lianyun Liu, Xiaohui...

343

Kinetics of Supercritical Water Reformation of Ethanol to H  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... Description Kinetics of the supercritical water reformation of ethanol was experimentally studied in a tubular reactor made of Inconel 625 alloy.

344

Kinetic characterization of enhanced lipase activity on oil bodies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

reaction kinetics of oil bodies versus oil emulsions as sub- strates for lipolytic ... of hydrolysis for the oil body system was comparatively very low due to a brief...

345

Defect Chemistry and Kinetics of Electrons in Ion Conducting Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Defect Chemistry and Kinetics of Electrons in Ion Conducting Materials Recent Results and Applications. Author(s), Hans D. Wiemhfer.

346

Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Particle Size Distribution Model for Leaching Kinetics of Alumina. Author(s), Li Bao, Ting-an Zhang, Weimin Long, Anh V Nguyen, Guozhi Lv,...

347

Oxygen Exchange Kinetics on SOFC Cathode Materials: Importance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxygen Exchange Kinetics on SOFC Cathode Materials: Importance of Ionic and Electronic Carriers. Author(s), Rotraut Merkle, Lei Wang,

348

3.205 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Materials, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laws of thermodynamics applied to materials and materials processes. Solution theory. Equilibrium diagrams. Overview of fluid transport processes. Kinetics of processes that occur in materials, including diffusion, phase ...

Allen, Samuel M.

349

Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 25, 2007 ... REVIEWED BY: Stephen Rankin, associate professor, University of Kentucky. In his book Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft...

350

Thermally driven escape from Pluto's atmosphere: A combined fluid/kinetic model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined fluid/kinetic model is developed to calculate thermally driven escape of N2 from Pluto's atmosphere for two solar heating conditions: no heating above 1450 km and solar minimum heating conditions. In the combined model, one-dimensional fluid equations are applied for the dense part of the atmosphere, while the exobase region is described by a kinetic model and calculated by the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. Fluid and kinetic parts of the model are iteratively solved in order to maintain constant total mass and energy fluxes through the simulation region. Although the atmosphere was found to be highly extended, with an exobase altitude at ~6000 km at solar minimum, the outflow remained subsonic and the escape rate was within a factor of two of the Jeans rate for the exobase temperatures determined. This picture is drastically different from recent predictions obtained solely using a fluid model which, in itself, requires assumptions about atmospheric density, flow velocity and energy flux ca...

Tucker, O J; Deighan, J I; Volkov, A N; Johnson, R E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

KINETIC EXPERIMENTS ON WATER BOILERS-"A" CORE REPORT-PART II. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

The status of the analytic portion of the KEWB program at the time of completion of the spherical core experiments is summarized. Three computer programs were developed for use in this analytic effort. The first reassembles and smooths three decades of reactor power data read separately from oscillogram records of reactor excursions. It then computes the logarithmic derivative of the power, energy release, fuel solution temperature, and temperature compensated reactivity. The second program utilizes the space-independent neutron kinetics equations with any number of delayed neutron groups to determine the reactivity in the reactor from the power and its derivative. The third program solves the space-independent kinetics equations for the neutron flux from an input reactivity or initial period. Up to 50 reactivity feedback equations includirg delayed neutrons are provided for in this program. A mathematical model of the reactor investigated extensively was one containing six delayed neutron groups, conventional treatment of temperature reactivity compensation, and void compensation of reactivity induced by radiolytic gas void growth proportional to the product of reactor power and energy release. Partial mathematical solutions to the kinetic equations were derived for reactivity feedback proportional to prompt temperature and void growth according to the product of power and energy. These solutions apply where delayed neutrons can be neglected, which is the region of major interest. Expressions are available relating power and energy and defining the peak power and energy release to peak power in terms of basic reactor parameters. Experimental evidence, particularly the experimental inlmour curve, of another reactivity influencing mechanism was found present in the reactor at periods shorter than 10 msec. This mechanism was shown to behave as a delayed neutron group, having a mean delay time of approximately 2 msec and an abundance of 2%. A plausible origin of such neutrons was shown to be the reflector which thermalizes core neutrons and returns them to the core following a delay. (auth)

Dunenfeld, M. comp.

1962-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

ARPA-E 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARPA-E 2013 ARPA-E 2013 ARPA-E 2013 Addthis The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics 1 of 11 The Technology Showcase: AC Kinetics The Technology Showcase at the 2013 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit presents America's next generation of transformational energy technologies. In this photo, motor control company AC Kinetics, Inc. highlighted its next-generation motor control technology on the showcase floor. Image: Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department Date taken: 2013-02-26 11:49 The Technology Showcase: AutoGrid 2 of 11 The Technology Showcase: AutoGrid The Technology Showcase at the 2013 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit presents America's next generation of transformational energy technologies. AutoGrid, a California-based energy start-up, aims to take two-way-communicating smart thermostats from different vendors and turn

353

Approximations to the Distributed Activation Energy Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximations to the Distributed Activation Energy Model for Pyrolysis C.P. Please, 1 M.J. Mc, then resubmitted after minor revisions in September 2002. Abstract The Distributed Activation Energy Model (DAEM effective method for estimating kinetic parameters and the distribution of activation energies. Comparison

McGuinness, Mark

354

Adaptive kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of methanol decomposition on Cu(100)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The adaptive kinetic Monte Carlo method was used to calculate the dynamics of methanol decomposition on Cu(100) at room temperature over a time scale of minutes. Mechanisms of reaction were found using min-mode following saddle point searches based upon forces and energies from density functional theory. Rates of reaction were calculated with harmonic transition state theory. The dynamics followed a pathway from CH3-OH, CH3-O, CH2-O, CH-O and finally C-O. Our calculations confirm that methanol decomposition starts with breaking the O-H bond followed by breaking C-H bonds in the dehydrogenated intermediates until CO is produced. The bridge site on the Cu(100) surface is the active site for scissoring chemical bonds. Reaction intermediates are mobile on the surface which allows them to find this active reaction site. This study illustrates how the adaptive kinetic Monte Carlo method can model the dynamics of surface chemistry from first principles.

Xu, Lijun; Mei, Donghai; Henkelman, Graeme A.

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Kinetics of Methane Hydrate Decomposition Studied via in Situ Low Temperature X-ray Powder Diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are known to have a slowed decomposition rate at ambient pressure and temperatures below the melting point of ice termed self-preservation or anomalous preservation. As hydrate exothermically decomposes, gas is released and water of the clathrate cages transforms into ice. Two regions of slowed decomposition for methane hydrate, 180 200 K and 230 260 K, were observed, and the kinetics were studied by in situ low temperature x-ray powder diffraction. The kinetic constants for ice formation from methane hydrate were determined by the Avrami model within each region and activation energies, Ea, were determined by the Arrhenius plot. Ea determined from the data for 180 200 K was 42 kJ/mol and for 230 260 K was 22 kJ/mol. The higher Ea in the colder temperature range was attributed to a difference in the microstructure of ice between the two regions.

Everett, Susan M [ORNL; Rawn, Claudia J [ORNL; Keffer, David J. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mull, Derek L [ORNL; Payzant, E Andrew [ORNL; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Kinetic Isotope Effects for the Reactions of Muonic Helium and Muonium with H2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The neutral muonic helium atom may be regarded as the heaviest isotope of the hydrogen atom, with a mass of ~4.1 amu (4.1H), because the negative muon screens one proton charge. We report the reaction rate of 4.1H with 1H2 to produce 4.1H1H + 1H at 295 to 500 K. The experimental rate constants are compared with the predictions of accurate quantum mechanical dynamics calculations carried out on an accurate Born-Huang potential energy surface and with previously measured rate constants of 0.11H (where 0.11H is shorthand for muonium). Kinetic isotope effects can be compared for the unprecedentedly large mass ratio of 36. The agreement with accurate quantum dynamics is quantitative at 500 K, and variational transition state theory is used to interpret the extremely low (large inverse) kinetic isotope effects in the 10-4 to 10-2 range.

Fleming, Donald G.; Arseneau, Donald J.; Sukhorukov, Oleksandr; Brewer, Jess H.; Mielke, Steven L.; Schatz, George C.; Garrett, Bruce C.; Peterson, Kirk A.; Truhlar, Donald G.

2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

357

ON THE EMERGENCE OF BIOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY: LIFE AS A KINETIC STATE OF MATTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, whereas for replicating chemical systems selection is effectively kinetic. Building on an extension. Keywords: biological complexification, chemical evolution, kinetic stability, kinetic state of matter that are kinetically more stable. So though all chemical reactions are governed by a combination of kinetic

Pross, Addy

358

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Chemical Kinetic Model of Transcriptional Elongation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A chemical kinetic model of the elongation dynamics of RNA polymerase along a DNA sequence is introduced. The proposed model governs the discrete movement of the RNA polymerase along a DNA template, with no consideration given to elastic effects. The model's novel concept is a ``look-ahead'' feature, in which nucleotides bind reversibly to the DNA prior to being incorporated covalently into the nascent RNA chain. Results are presented for specific DNA sequences that have been used in single-molecule experiments of the random walk of RNA polymerase along DNA. By replicating the data analysis algorithm from the experimental procedure, the model produces velocity histograms, enabling direct comparison with these published results.

Yujiro Richard Yamada; Charles S. Peskin

2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

360

Kinetics driving high-density chlorine plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple fluid model was developed in order to investigate the driving kinetics of neutral and charged species in high-density chlorine plasmas. It was found that the dissociation degree of Cl{sub 2} molecules is directly linked to the power balance of the discharge which controls the electron density. The model was also used to identify those reactions that could be neglected in the particle balance of charged species and those that must be included. Our results further indicate that diffusion losses need to be considered up to a pressure that depends on magnetic-field intensity and reactor aspect ratio. Finally, it is shown that the dominant charged carriers are linked to the dissociation level of Cl{sub 2} molecules.

Stafford, L.; Margot, J.; Vidal, F.; Chaker, M.; Giroux, K.; Poirier, J.-S.; Quintal-Leonard, A.; Saussac, J. [Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Department de physique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Spectroscopy, Kinetics, and Dynamics of Combustion Radicals  

SciTech Connect

Spectroscopy, kinetics and dynamics of jet cooled hydrocarbon transients relevant to the DOE combustion mission have been explored, exploiting i) high resolution IR lasers, ii) slit discharge sources for formation of jet cooled radicals, and iii) high sensitivity detection with direct laser absorption methods and near the quantum shot noise limit. What makes this combination powerful is that such transients can be made under high concentrations and pressures characteristic of actual combustion conditions, and yet with the resulting species rapidly cooled (T ?10-15K) in the slit supersonic expansion. Combined with the power of IR laser absorption methods, this provides novel access to spectral detection and study of many critical combustion species.

Nesbitt, David J. [Research/Professor

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

362

Phys-068 Energy, Work, and Power revised \\Ch-01 Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy is a very important concept both in physics and in our world at large. Energy takes various forms. A massive truck traveling along the highway at a high speed has much kinetic energy; a water reservoir just above a dam contains significant gravitational potential energy; a tank of gasoline contains significant chemical energy; radio waves emitted from a broadcast antenna contain energy stored in the electric and magnetic fields. Energy can take on many forms but it is never created or destroyed. This is one of the fundamental laws of physics. We say that energy is conserved. Various forms of energy include heat, light, radio waves, translational kinetic energy, rotational kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, chemical energy, and electric potential energy. Even mass is a 2 form of energy as Einstein showed in his famous formula, E = mc. In this short tutorial I hope to present the basic energy concepts that you will need to consider practical problems involving building energy. This tutorial cannot hope to substitute for a physics course. 1. System of Units and Conversions In physics, work has a precise definition involving a force and distance. Scientists world wide have adapted a system of measurements called System International (SI). In this system length is measured in meters (m), mass in kilograms (kg), and time in seconds (s). The subset of the SI units which are commonly used in physics courses is called the MKS system (for meterkilogram-second). In SI units temperature is measured in Kelvin (K). A less well-known quantity is charge. The SI unit for quantity of charge is the Coulomb (C). One coulomb is equal to the total charge of 6.24 x 10 18 protons. Many other quantities are derived from these basic units and are given their own names. Below is a summary of the main quantities of interest in this course.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Energy of the quasi-free electron in argon, krypton and xenon Xianbo Shi a,b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy of the quasi-free electron in argon, krypton and xenon Xianbo Shi a,b , Luxi Li a,b , C. M ionization of the dopant, and (iii) the kinetic energy of the quasi-free electron. The polarization terms are determined by a standard statistical mechanical treatment. However, the kinetic energy of the quasi-free

Evans, Cherice M.

364

Extracting biochemical reaction kinetics from time series data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We consider the problem of inferring kinetic mechanisms for biochemical reactions from time series data. Using a priori knowledge about the structure of chemical reaction kinetics we develop global nonlinear models which use elementary reactions as a basis set, and discuss model construction using top-down and bottom-up approaches. 1

Edmund J. Crampin; Patrick E. Mcsharry; Santiago Schnell

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Computing realizations of reaction kinetic networks with given properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering­chemical kinetics, chemical thermodynamics, and fluid mechanics­are developed in the second CHEME 3900 Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design CHEME 4320 Chemical Engineering Laboratory CHEME 4620UndergradUate degree Program as a chemical engineer you'll work with chemical change and chemical

Gorban, Alexander N.

366

Nonlinear adaptive control for bioreactors with unknown kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a control problem for a single bioreaction occurring in a continuous and well-mixed bioreactor, assuming that the bioreaction's kinetics is not represented by a validated model. We develop a nonlinear controller and prove the global asymptotic ... Keywords: Continuous bioprocesses, Nonlinear adaptive control, Unknown kinetics, Wastewater treatment

Ludovic Mailleret; Olivier Bernard; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Kinetics of Diuron Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was conducted on the adsorption kinetics of diuron from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon fiber. The results showed that the formation of hydrogen bonds between diuron and water, and temperature variations may possibly affect the adsorption ... Keywords: activated carbon fiber, diuron adsorption, kinetic models, hydrogen bonds

Jianhua Xu; Yabing Sun; Zhenyu Li; Jingwei Feng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Pyrolysis kinetics for western and eastern oil shale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oil yield and kinetic results are reviewed for Western (Colorado Mahogany zone) and Eastern (Sunbury and Ohio (Cleveland member)) oil shales for conditions ranging from those encountered in in-situ processing to those in fluidized-bed retorting. The authors briefly summarize kinetic models for the pyrolysis reactions. Oil yields from Eastern shale are much more sensitive to pyrolysis conditions than Western shale.

Burnham, A.K.; Coburn, T.T.; Richardson, J.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Reconciling competing models: a case study of wine fermentation kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mathematical models of wine fermentation kinetics promise early diagnosis of stuck or sluggish winemaking processes as well as better matching of industrial yeast strains to specific vineyards. The economic impact of these challenges is significant: ... Keywords: combined and refined model, fermentation problems, mechanistic kinetic models, statistical comparison with experimental data, wine fermentation

Rodrigo Assar; Felipe A. Vargas; David J. Sherman

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Solubilty and growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solubility of silver nitrate in ethanol was determined at various temperatures. The growth kinetics of silver nitrate in ethanol were then determined using initial derivaties of temperature and desupersaturation in a mixed-batch crystallizer. For ... Keywords: ethanol, growth kinetics, initial derivatives, silver nitrate, solubility

M. Manteghian; A. Ebrahimi

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Carbon-13 kinetic isotope effects in CO oxidation by Ag  

SciTech Connect

In the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide over silver wool the {sup 13}C kinetic isotope effects in the 343--453 K temperature range were experimentally determined and the following temperature dependence was found: 100 ln(k{sub 12}/k{sub 13}) = (3.398--630/T) {+-} 0.083. A reaction CO/O{sub 2}gas mixture of 1:2 ratio was used in a static system with initial pressures ranging from 20 to 40 kPa. Under these conditions the reaction is of order 1 with respect to CO and order 0 with respect to O{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} pressure. The apparent activation energy is 59.3 {+-} 1.7 kJ/mol. In the authors theoretical interpretation of the experimental data various geometries of (CO{sub 2})* and (CO{sub 3})* transition states were applied, and only a (CO{sub 2})* with an interbond angle of 110{degree} and CO stretching force constants of 1,700 and 1,000--1,400 N/m, respectively, with an asymmetric reaction coordinate was found to be acceptable.

Kobal, I.; Burghaus, U.; Senegacnik, M.; Ogrinc, N.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

372

Hydrolysis Kinetics and Lifetime Prediction for Polycarbonate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) data http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/ ... activation energy (E a ) ... EK Euranto and NJ Cleve, Acta Chem. ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Experiments and Computational Modeling of Precipitation Kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is actively developing advanced materials for advanced fossil power systems, such as...

374

Morphology and non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of CuInS{sub 2} nanocrystals synthesized by solvo-thermal method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanocrystals of copper indium disulphide (CuInS{sub 2}) were synthesized by a solvo-thermal method. The structure, morphology and non-isothermal crystallization kinetic behavior of samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, field emission transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis techniques. Non-isothermal measurements at different heating rates were carried out and the crystallization kinetics of samples were analyzed using the most reliable non-isothermal kinetic methods. The kinetic parameters such as glass transition temperature, thermal stability, activation energy, Avrami exponent etc. were evaluated. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CuInS{sub 2} nanocrystals have scientific and technological importance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Samples have been prepared by solvo-thermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesized samples exhibit excellent morphology and thermal properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Investigated properties may be utilized in design and fabrication of solar cell devices.

Majeed Khan, M.A., E-mail: majeed_phys@yahoo.co.in [King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Kumar, Sushil [Department of Physics, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa 125055 (India); Alsalhi, M.S. [King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Department of Physics and Astronomy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Ahamed, Maqusood [King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Alhoshan, Mansour [King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Chemical Engineering Department, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Alrokayan, Salman A. [King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Ahamad, Tansir [Department of Chemistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Energy Loss at Propagating Jamming Fronts in Granular Gas Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the initial moments of impact between two dense granular clusters in a two-dimensional geometry. The particles are composed of solid CO$_{2}$ and are levitated on a hot surface. Upon collision, the propagation of a dynamic "jamming front" produces a distinct regime for energy dissipation in a granular gas in which the translational kinetic energy decreases by over 90%. Experiments and associated simulations show that the initial loss of kinetic energy obeys a power law in time, $\\Delta E=-Kt^{3/2}$, a form that can be predicted from kinetic arguments.

Justin C. Burton; Peter Y. Lu; Sidney R. Nagel

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

376

APPLIEDPHYSICAL Kinetic regulation of coated vesicle secretion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that competes with the energy- consuming turnover of coat components between the membrane and the cytosol. We vesiculation of secretory membranes is impaired by the energy-consuming desorption of coat proteins, until on the membrane into elementary coat-building units, called monomers. The membrane-bound monomers then polymerize

Sens, Pierre

377

Pattern Formation and Growth Kinetics in Eutectic Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth patterns during liquid/solid phase transformation are governed by simultaneous effects of heat and mass transfer mechanisms, creation of new interfaces, jump of the crystallization units from liquid to solid and their rearrangement in the solid matrix. To examine how the above processes influence the scale of microstructure, two eutectic systems are chosen for the study: a polymeric system polyethylene glycol-p-dibromobenzene (PEG-DBBZ) and a simple molecular system succinonitrile (SCN)-camphor. The scaling law for SCN-camphor system is found to follow the classical Jackson-Hunt model of circular rod eutectic, where the diffusion in the liquid and the interface energy are the main physics governing the two-phase pattern. In contrast, a significantly different scaling law is observed for the polymer system. The interface kinetics of PEG phase and its solute concentration dependence thus have been critically investigated for the first time by directional solidification technique. A model is then proposed that shows that the two-phase pattern in polymers is governed by the interface diffusion and the interface kinetics. In SCN-camphor system, a new branch of eutectic, elliptical shape rodl, is found in thin samples where only one layer of camphor rods is present. It is found that the orientation of the ellipse can change from the major axis in the direction of the thickness to the direction of the width as the velocity and/or the sample thickness is decreased. A theoretical model is developed that predicts the spacing and orientation of the elliptical rods in a thin sample. The single phase growth patterns of SCN-camphor system were also examined with emphasis on the three-dimensional single cell and cell/dendrite transition. For the 3D single cell in a capillary tube, the entire cell shape ahead of the eutectic front can be described by the Saffmann-Taylor finger only at extremely low growth rate. A 3D directional solidification model is developed to characterize the cell shape and tip undercooling and the experimental results are compared with the predictions of the model. From the investigation of cell/dendrite transition, a model is proposed, from which the condition for the onset of the transition can be obtained.

Jing Teng

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Drift kinetic effects on the resistive wall mode stability-Comparison between reversed field pinches and tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

The physics of kinetic effects on the resistive wall mode (RWM) stability is studied, and a comparison between reversed field pinch (RFP) and Tokamak configurations is made. The toroidal, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-kinetic hybrid stability code MARS-K, in which the drift kinetic effects are self-consistently incorporated into the MHD formulation, is upgraded with an extensive energy analysis module. In the tokamak configuration, the kinetic effect can stabilize the mode with very slow, or vanishing plasma rotation, due to the mode resonance with the toroidal precession drift of thermal trapped particles. In RFP, instead, stabilization of the RWM comes mainly from the ion acoustic Landau damping (i.e., the transit resonance of passing particles). In the high beta region, the critical flow rotation frequency required for the mode stabilization is predicted to be in the ion acoustic range. Detailed physical analyses, based on the perturbed potential energy components, have been performed to gain understanding of the stabilizing mechanism in the two different systems.

Wang, Z. R.; Guo, S. C. [Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom ENEA sulla fusione, Corso Stati Uniti 4, Padova 35127 (Italy); Liu, Y. Q. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Energy Transformations in the East Asia-West Pacific Jet Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic energy budgets were prepared for the East Asia-West Pacific region to obtain a quantitative description of the sources and sinks of kinetic energy for the jet stream of that region. Budgets were prepared for locations of jet stream ...

George P. Cressman

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Kinetic Analysis of Cation Exchange in Birnessite using Time-resolved Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we applied time-resolved synchrotron X-ray diffraction (TRXRD) to develop kinetic models that test a proposed two-stage reaction pathway for cation exchange in birnessite. These represent the first rate equations calculated for cation exchange in layered manganates. Our previous work has shown that the substitution of K, Cs, and Ba for interlayer Na in synthetic triclinic birnessite induces measurable changes in unit-cell parameters. New kinetic modeling of this crystallographic data supports our previously postulated two-stage reaction pathway for cation exchange, and we can correlate the kinetic steps with changes in crystal structure. In addition, the initial rates of cation exchange, R ({angstrom}{sup 3} min{sup -1}), were determined from changes in unit-cell volume to follow these rate laws: R = 1.75[K{sup +}{sub (aq)}]{sup 0.56}, R = 41.1[Cs{sup +}{sub (aq)}]{sup 1.10}, R = 1.15[Ba{sup 2+}{sub (aq)}]{sup 0.50}. Thus, the exchange rates for Na in triclinic birnessite decreased in the order: Cs >> K > Ba. These results are likely a function of hydration energy differences of the cations and the preference of the solution phase for the more readily hydrated cation.

C Lopano; P Heaney; J Bandstra; J Post; S Brantley

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Basics: Tidal Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

382

Energy Basics: Wave Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

383

Energy guides | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track, and benchmark Improve energy performance ENERGY STAR industrial partnership Energy guides Energy efficiency and air regulation Plant energy auditing Industrial...

384

Kinetics of the reactions of hydrogen fluoride with calcium oxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the kinetics of interaction of gaseous hydrogen fluoride with calcium oxide at temperatures 300-700 degrees. The experiments were conducted in a laboratory adsorption apparatus modified and adapted for work with corrosive hydrogen fluoride. Calcium oxide samples in granulated form and deposited on gamma-alumina were used in the experiments. Kinetic curves representing variations of the degree of conversion of the solid samples with time are shown. The influence of retardation dure to diffusion was observed in the experiments. The influence of diffusion control on the reaction rate was also observed in a study of the reaction kinetics on supported layers of calcium oxide.

Kossaya, A.M.; Belyakov, B.P.; Kuchma, Z.V.; Sandrozd, M.K.; Vasil'eva, V.G.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Evidence of critical balance in kinetic Alfven wave turbulence simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical simulation of kinetic plasma turbulence is performed to assess the applicability of critical balance to kinetic, dissipation scale turbulence. The analysis is performed in the frequency domain to obviate complications inherent in performing a local analysis of turbulence. A theoretical model of dissipation scale critical balance is constructed and compared to simulation results, and excellent agreement is found. This result constitutes the first evidence of critical balance in a kinetic turbulence simulation and provides evidence of an anisotropic turbulence cascade extending into the dissipation range. We also perform an Eulerian frequency analysis of the simulation data and compare it to the results of a previous study of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations.

TenBarge, J. M.; Howes, G. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Systematic Energy Errors and the Tendency toward Canonical Equilibrium in Atmospheric Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systematic kinetic energy errors are examined in barotropic and multilevel general circulation models. The dependence of energy spectra on resolution and dissipation and, in addition for the barotropic model, on topography and the beta effect, is ...

Jorgen S. Frederiksen; Martin R. Dix; Steven M. Kepert

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Role of Solvents on the Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Forming Frustrated Lewis Pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To enhance our understanding of the role of solvent on the thermodynamics and kinetics of forming Frustrated Lewis pairs (FLP), we carried out a systematic simulation study on these systems in dichloromethane and toluene solvents. These molecular systems are of particular interest due to their relevance in the catalytic hydrogenation and hydrogen storage processes. While the computed structural observables for both molecules are very similar, the slow molecular reorientation was consistent with the size of the species. The computed free energy profiles for the FLP in both solvents show similar gross characteristics but differ in details. We observe two well-defined contact and a solvent-separated regions with different well depths and barrier heights to dissociation. The kinetics of solute-pair interconversion was studied using transition state theory, comparing Kramers and Grote Hynes treatment of the dynamic response of the solvent. These rate results were used to predict solvent effects on dynamical features of contact solute-pair association. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. The calculations were carried out using computer resources provided by BES. Method development benefits M86304. The scientific understanding of the systems studied benefits F63768

Dang, Liem X.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Chang, Tsun-Mei; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Autrey, Thomas

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Adhesion Kinetics of Viable Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an electrostatic energy barrier. On the otherhand,inthepresenceofadivalentsalt,oocystdeposition rates increasedCryptosporidiumoocystpassageinwatertreatmentplants. In addition, natural filtration in alluvial valley aquiferssa process known as bank filtrationsis emerging

Elimelech, Menachem

389

California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10, 2010 10, 2010 CX-001055: Categorical Exclusion Determination American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant City of Los Angeles Strategy CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 02/10/2010 Location(s): Los Angeles, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 9, 2010 CX-000760: Categorical Exclusion Determination Amber Kinetics Flywheel Energy Storage Demonstration CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/09/2010 Location(s): Freemont, California Office(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory February 8, 2010 CX-000665: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of an Advanced Stimulation/Production Predictive Simulator for Enhanced Geothermal Systems

390

Comparison of cracking kinetics for Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} residuum and Midway Sunset crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} residuum and Midway Sunset crude oil were examined by micropyrolysis at several constant-heating rates to determine pyrolysis cracking kinetics. Determined by the discrete distribution method, both feeds exhibited principal activation energies of 50 kcal/mol and frequency factors {approximately} 10{sup 13} sec{sup -1}. Energy distributions were similar ranging from 45 to 57 kcal/mol. Determined by the shift-in-T{sub max} method, E{sub approx}, A{sub approx} for Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} and Midway Sunset were 48 kcal/mol, 1.3 X 10{sup 12} sec{sup -1}, and 46 kcal/mol, 4.6 X 10{sup 11} sec{sup -1}, respectively. These results are similar, but not identical to other kinetic parameters for heavy oils from type II source rocks.

Reynolds, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Energy Conversion & Storage Program, 1993 annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Energy Conversion and Storage Program applies chemistry and materials science principles to solve problems in: production of new synthetic fuels; development of high-performance rechargeable batteries and fuel cells; development of high-efficiency thermochemical processes for energy conversion; characterization of complex chemical processes and chemical species; and the study and application of novel materials for energy conversion and transmission. Projects focus on transport-process principles, chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, separation processes, organic and physical chemistry, novel materials, and advanced methods of analysis.

Cairns, E.J.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Application of Ice Nucleation Kinetics in Orographic Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice nucleation by silver iodide-sodium iodide aerosol particles has been characterized in the Colorado State University isothermal cloud chamber using the techniques of chemical kinetics. Two separate mechanisms of condensation-freezing ice ...

Rochelle R. Blumenstein; Robert M. Rauber; Lewis O. Grant; William G. Finnegan

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

INFRARED ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS OF FREE RADICALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mNAL PERFORMANCE REPORT mNAL PERFORMANCE REPORT for INFRARED ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS OF FREE RADICALS DE-FG05-85ER13439 1-AUG-1985 to 31-JUL-1994 Robert F. Curl and Graham P. Glass Principal Investigators Introduction This research was directed at the detection, monitoring, and study (by infrared absorption spectroscopy) of the chemical kinetic behavior of small free radical species thought to be important intermediates in combustion. The work typically progressed from the detection and analysis of the infrared spectrum of combustion radical to the utilization of the infrared spectrum thus obtained in the investigation of chemical kinetics of the radical species. The methodology employed was infrared kinetic spectroscopy. In this technique the radical is produced by UV flash photolysis using an excimer laser and then

394

An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Reactive chemical transport occurs in a variety of geochemical environments, and over a broad range of space and time scales. Efficiency of the chemical speciation and water-rock-gas interaction calculations is important for modeling field-scale multidimensional reactive transport problems. An improved efficient model, REACT, for simulating water-rock-gas interaction under equilibrium and kinetic conditions, has been developed.

395

Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of nanocrystalline film deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A full diffusion kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm is used to model nanocrystalline film deposition, and study the mechanisms of grain nucleation and microstructure formation in such films. The major finding of this work is ...

Ruan, Shiyun

396

Kinetic modeling and automated optimization in microreactor systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The optimization, kinetic investigation, or scale-up of a reaction often requires significant time and materials. Silicon microreactor systems have been shown advantageous for studying chemical reactions due to their small ...

Moore, Jason Stuart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Kinetics, Mechanics and Microstructure Changes in Storage Media  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Review Crystal Gateway Marriott, Crystal City, VA May 18, 2006 Kinetics, Mechanics and Microstructure Changes in Storage Media Anter El-Azab Tel: 850-410-6655, E-mail...

398

Reversibility and Non-reversibility in Stochastic Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical problems with mean field and local type interaction related to stochastic chemical kinetics,are considered. Our main concern various definitions of reversibility, their corollaries (Boltzmann type equations, fluctuations, Onsager relations, etc.) and emergence of irreversibility.

Malyshev, V A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Solar wind plasma : kinetic properties and micro-instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The kinetic properties of ions in the solar wind plasma are studied. Observations of solar wind +H and +2He by the Faraday Cup instrument component of the Solar Wind Experiment on the Wind spacecraft show that these ions ...

Kasper, Justin Christophe, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Automated generation of kinetic chemical mechanisms using rewriting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several software systems have been developed recently for the automated generation of combustion reactions kinetic mechanisms using different representations of species and reactions and different generation algorithms. In parallel, several software ...

Olivier Bournez; Guy-Marie Cme; Valrie Conraud; Hlne Kirchner; Liliana Ib?nescu

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Kinetic model reduction using integer and semi-infinite programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work an optimization-based approach to kinetic model reduction was studied with a view to generating reduced-model libaries for reacting-flow simulations. A linear integer formulation of the reaction elimination ...

Bhattacharjee, Binita, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Fundamental kinetic modeling of the catalytic reforming process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a fundamental kinetic model for the catalytic reforming process has been developed. The complex network of elementary steps and molecular reactions occurring in catalytic reforming has been generated through a computer algorithm characterizing ...

Rogelio Sotelo-Boyas / Gilbert F. Froment; Rayford G. Anthony

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

LLNL researchers develop first kinetic model of plasma focus...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13013device 01302013 LLNL researchers develop first kinetic model of plasma focus device Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Deuterium ion...

404

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Defect aggregation kinetics in calcium fluoride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defects in solid materials are responsible for many of their most interesting and critical properties. The authors have developed a site-selective laser technique that allows us to monitor the aggregation of rare earth ion defects in solids on the microscopic scale. This excitation absorption laser method enables us to derive kinetic rate information and thermodynamic parameters for the distribution of defects in solids. For doped materials, various types of defects arise when the dopant ions have ionic charges that differ from the charges of host crystal ions. In model systems such as alkaline earth fluorides doped with trivalent rare earth ions, some defect sites consist of a single dopant ion, while others consist of clusters of dopant cations and interstitial anions. Heat treatment of doped samples leads to a distribution of the various types of defect sites that is characteristic of the temperature and length of heat treatment and the total dopant ion concentration. The results from a study of the formation of trivalent europium ion defect aggregates in calcium fluoride indicate that our method successfully monitors changes in individual site concentrations resulting from heat treatment. The results of this study are consistent with the formation of negatively charged dimer and trimer defects in Eu{sup 3+}:CaF{sub 2} crystals from isolated europium ion and (Eu:F{sub i}) single pair defects. In addition, he presents evidence for rapid equilibrium between the isolated ion and the single pair. Other work presented in this thesis includes the development of a high-temperature fluorine oxidation apparatus that was used to convert divalent europium ions to the trivalent state in calcium fluoride single crystals. This apparatus was also used to increase the superconducting {Tc}'s of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} through modification of copper-oxygen oxidation states.

Cirillo, K.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Neptunium_Oxide_Precipitation_Kinetics_AJohnsen  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate the proposed NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq)-NpO{sub 2}(cr) reduction-precipitation system at elevated temperatures to obtain primary information on the effects of temperature, ionic strength, O{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}. Experiments conducted on unfiltered solutions at 10{sup -4} M NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq), neutral pH, and 200 C indicated that solution colloids strongly affect precipitation kinetics. Subsequent experiments on filtered solutions at 200, 212, and 225 C showed consistent and distinctive temperature-dependent behavior at reaction times {le} 800 hours. At longer times, the 200 C experiments showed unexpected dissolution of neptunium solids, but experiments at 212 C and 225 C demonstrated quasi steady-state neptunium concentrations of 3 x 10{sup -6} M and 6 x 10{sup -6} M, respectively. Solids from a representative experiment analyzed by X-ray diffraction were consistent with NpO{sub 2}(cr). A 200 C experiment with a NaCl concentration of 0.05 M showed a dramatic increase in the rate of neptunium loss. A 200 C experiment in an argon atmosphere resulted in nearly complete loss of aqueous neptunium. Previously proposed NpO{sub 2}{sup +}(aq)-NpO{sub 2}(cr) reduction-precipitation mechanisms in the literature specified a 1:1 ratio of neptunium loss and H{sup +} production in solution over time. However, all experiments demonstrated ratios of approximately 0.4 to 0.5. Carbonate equilibria can account for only about 40% of this discrepancy, leaving an unexpected deficit in H+ production that suggests that additional chemical processes are occurring.

Johnsen, A M; Roberts, K E; Prussin, S G

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Kinetic effects on ballooning modes in mirror machines  

SciTech Connect

A general procedure for examining the influence of kinetic effects on the stability of magnetohydrodynamic ballooning modes in mirror machines is presented. In particular, the basic kinetic ballooning mode equation for a nonaxisymmetric, arbitrary beta system with anisotropic pressure is derived. Considering a long-thin equilibrium typical of the tandem mirror, it is shown that this governing eigenmode equation reduces to a simple form independent of wave-particle resonant effects.

Tang, W.M.; Catto, P.J.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

HCCI in a CFR engine: experiments and detailed kinetic modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Single cylinder engine experiments and chemical kinetic modeling have been performed to study the effect of variations in fuel, equivalence ratio, and intake charge temperature on the start of combustion and the heat release rate. Neat propane and a fuel blend of 15% dimethyl-ether in methane have been studied. The results demonstrate the role of these parameters on the start of combustion, efficiency, imep, and emissions. Single zone kinetic modeling results show the trends consistent with the experimental results.

Flowers, D; Aceves, S; Smith, R; Torres, J; Girard, J; Dibble, R

1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

One-dimensional kinetics modifications for BWR reload methods  

SciTech Connect

Yankee Atomic Electric Company (YAEC) currently uses RETRAN-02 to analyze limiting transients and establish operating minimum critical power ratio (MCPR) limits for Vermont Yankee (VY) boiling water reactor (BWR) reload analysis. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission-approved analysis methods, used in previous cycles, use the point-kinetics modeling option in RETRAN-02 to represent transient-induced neutronic feedback. RETRAN-02 also contains a one-dimensional (1-D) kinetics neutronic feedback model option that provides a more accurate transient power prediction than the point-kinetics model. In the past few fuel cycles, the thermal or MCPR operating margin at VY has eroded due to increases in fuel cycle length. To offset this decrease, YAEC has developed the capability to use the more accurate 1-D kinetics RETRAN option. This paper reviews the qualification effort for the YAEC BWR methods. This paper also presents a comparison between RETRAN-02 predictions using 1-D and point kinetics for the limiting transient, and demonstrates the typical gain in thermal margin from 1-D kinetics.

Chandola, V.; Robichaud, J.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown March 15, 2013 - 11:00am Addthis Dr. Nancy Jeanne Brown is a Senior Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Dr. Nancy Jeanne Brown is a Senior Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Check out other profiles in the Women @ Energy series and share your favorites on Pinterest. Dr. Nancy Jeanne Brown is a Senior Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Her research interests are atmospheric science, chemical kinetics, air quality and climate modeling, high performance computing, and combustion modeling. She received a B.S. in Chemistry at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, an M.S. in Molecular Physics and Ph.D. in Chemical Physics/Physical chemistry at the University of Maryland. Dr.

411

Hydro Green Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Energy Green Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Hydro Green Energy Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Sector Hydro Product Hydro Green Energy is a project developer and integrator that designs, builds, and operates kinetic hydro power projects. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

412

Kinetic Modeling and Assessment of Lime Pretreatment of Poplar Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of widespread availability, low cost, sustainability, and potential supply far greater than that of food crops, lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most promising feedstocks for producing biofuels through fermentation processes. Among lignocellulose choices, poplar wood is appealing because of high energy potential, above-average carbon mitigation potential, fast growth, and high yields. Lignocellulose structural features limit accessibility of enzymes or microorganisms. To overcome these limitations, pretreatment is required. Among several choices of pretreatment, lime pretreatment is preferred because lime is the cheapest alkali, safest to handle, easy to recover, and compatible with oxidants. The main effect of lime pretreatment is to degrade lignin, which occurs with good carbohydrate preservation and is enhanced with oxidants. Among several choices of oxidant, oxygen and air are preferred because of low cost and widespread availability. This study systematically assesses the effects of lime pretreatment on poplar wood using four different modes: long-term oxidative, long-term non-oxidative, short-term constant pressure, and short-term varying pressure. Long-term pretreatments use temperatures between 25 and 65 C, air if oxidant is used, and last several weeks. Short-term pretreatments use temperatures between 110 and 180 C, pressurized oxygen, and last several minutes to hours. Pretreatment was assessed on the basis of 3-day enzymatic digestibility using enzyme loadings of 15 FPU/g glucan in raw biomass. The results were used to recommend pretreatment conditions based on highest overall yield of glucan (after combined pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis) for each pretreatment mode. For each pretreatment mode, kinetic models for delignification and carbohydrates degradation were obtained and used to determine the conditions (temperature, pressure, and time) that maximize glucan preservation subjected to a target lignin yield. This study led to conclude that the most robust, and selective mode of lime pretreatment is varying pressure.

Sierra Ramirez, Rocio

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Soliton Kinetic Equations with Non-Kolmogorovian Structure: A New Tool for Biological Modeling?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is nonlinear kinetics of a chemical type). Another application is a simple two-qubit system whose evolution-Kolmogorovian aspects of chemical kinetics. Next, we briefly discuss the links between kinetic equations and their Lax equations becomes then especially clear. NON-KOLMOGOROVIAN ASPECTS OF CHEMICAL KINETICS Consider

Aerts, Diederik

414

Visualizing Chemical Compositions and Kinetics of Sol-Gel by Near-Infrared Multispectral Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visualizing Chemical Compositions and Kinetics of Sol-Gel by Near-Infrared Multispectral Imaging in order to determine the presence of any chemical and kinetic inhomogeneity. Unfortunately, to date, NIR to determine the chemical and kinetic inho- mogeneity of sol-gel. Preliminary results on the kinetics of sol

Reid, Scott A.

415

Zero Energy Travel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allow us to travel with zero energy. It is easier to do it on land but in the air, it is not obvious.

Othman Ahmad; Aroland Kiring; Ali Chekima

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

416

Physicochemical phenomena of electro-kinetic extraction of inorganic contaminants from kaolinite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiments investigating the use of electro-kinetics for removal of inorganic chemicals from kaolinite clay were performed. Kaolinite was homogeneously saturated with a NaCl solution and consolidated to the desired void ratio. Fluid reservoir chambers, a power supply and data acquisition instrument were connected to the consolidated sample. A voltage difference was applied to electrodes at each end of the sample to induce electro-osmotic fluid flow and ionic migration of NaCl. After electro-kinetic treatment the sample was disconnected from the reservoirs, power supply and data acquisition system, then sectioned to allow water content, sodium and chloride concentration, and pH analyses of each section. The data obtained was reduced and prepared in graph form for analysis of results. Energy for electrolysis, total energy expended, and removal efficiency were calculated and graphed for selected experiments. It was concluded that the voltage gradient became non-linear during experimentation, contaminant distribution was dependent on initial concentration, and zones of altered pH and ion removal did correspond in some experiments. Also, the removal efficiency decreased with time during experimentation and increased with intial contaminant concentration. Comparisons to a predictive model suggested that ionic mobility and dissusivity values varied between experiments and the model.

Scott, Travis Brooks

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

3.205 Thermodynamics and Kinetics of MaterialsFall 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theory of nucleation kinetics is closely linked with fluctuation theory and the theory of activated processes. The steady-state nucleation rate, J, is the rate of formation of supercritical nuclei that form per unit volume, and it has the form J = Z?cNexp[??Gc/(kT)], where N is the number of available sites for nucleation, Z is called the Zeldovich non-equilibrium factor and is approximately 10 ?1, ?c is a term that relates to the diffusivity of atoms to a subcritical nucleus, and ?Gc is the free-energy barrier that needs to be overcome to form a critical nucleus. Using typical values of N, Z, and ?c, and assuming a reasonable value for a minimum detectable nucleation rate, one can show that ?Gc must be less than about 76kT for observable nucleation. ?Gc plays a critical role in nucleation kinetics. It is typically strongly dependent on undercooling and on interphase boundary structure. In solids, interfacial structure may be incoherent, semi-coherent, or coherent. Coherent interfaces have the lowest ?, on the order of 100 mJ/m 2, and are thus more likely at the nucleation stage. Coherent particles that form in systems in which the molar volume of the nucleus and the matrix differ also can have an elastic strain energy ?g? that impedes nucleation. Heterogeneous nucleation uses pre-existing imperfections to lower ?Gc for nucleation on special sites. Competition between homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation is easily understood with the

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16, 2011 16, 2011 CX-006520: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Energy Density Distributed Hydrostatic Direct Drive for Large Wind Turbine and Marine Hydro-Kinetic Device Applications CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/16/2011 Location(s): California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 16, 2011 CX-006513: Categorical Exclusion Determination Novel Low Cost, High Reliability Wind Turbine Drivetrain CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 08/16/2011 Location(s): California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 15, 2011 CX-006536: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Demonstration of a New Generation High Efficiency 1-10 Kilowatt Stationary Fuel Cell System CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 08/15/2011

419

Vibrational-Rotational Energy Distributions in the Reaction O-+ D2 f OD + D-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational-Rotational Energy Distributions in the Reaction O- + D2 f OD + D- Yue Li, Li Liu with a bimodal rotational energy distribution. At the higher collision energy, both V ) 0 and 1 products energy range up to 10 eV. By measuring the kinetic energy distribution of the detached electrons

Farrar, James M.

420

The idea of vortex energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work formulates and gives grounds for general principles and theorems that question the energy function doctrine and its quantum version as a genuine law of nature without borders of adequacy. The emphasis is on the domain where the energy of systems is conserved -- I argue that only in its tiny part the energy is in the kinetic, potential and thermal forms describable by a generalized thermodynamic potential, whereas otherwise the conserved energy constitutes a whole linked to vortex forces, and can be a factor of things like persistent currents and dark matter.

V. E. Shapiro

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Kinetics of the direct electric heating of a stationary bed of activated charcoal  

SciTech Connect

Direct electric heating by passing an electrical current directly through a bed of adsorbent may prove to be an efficient means of regenerating activated charcoal in continuous and batch adsorption processes. Obvious advantages of this type of regeneration are its almost complete lack of inertia, which makes it possible to reduce the number and dimensions of the adsorbers, and its highly efficient use of energy due to the small number of steps in the conversion of the energy, as well as the reduction of heat losses involved in warming the structure and making up for losses to the surroundings. The authors consider the kinetics of direct electric heating of a stationary bed of activated charcoal not containing adsorbed substances.

Marfin, M.N.; Shumyatskii, Yu.I.

1987-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

422

Generation kinetics of color centers in irradiated poly(4-methyl-1-pentene)  

SciTech Connect

The transient absorbance of poly(4-methyl-1-pentene) (PMP) irradiated with gamma rays at elevated temperatures has been investigated. The absorbance in the ultraviolet and visible range increases with gamma ray dose. A bathochromic shift in transmission spectra emerges significantly upon irradiation. A first-order generation model is proposed to analyze the kinetics of color centers during annealing. The activation energy of the color center increases with increasing gamma ray dose. The equilibrium behavior of color centers in PMP is similar to that of vacancies in metals, and the formation energy of color centers in PMP decreases with increasing gamma ray dose. However, annealable color centers are not observed in this study.

Peng, J. S.; Li, C. L.; Lee, Sanboh [Department of Materials Science and Engineering National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Chou, K. F. [Department of Biomechanical Engineering Yuanpei University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Kinetics of hydrogen desorption in surface-limited thin-film growth of SiGe alloys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The kinetics of hydrogen desorption in surface-limited thin-film growth of SiGe alloys from binary mixtures of disilane and digermane was investigated by surface differential reflectance. The hydrogen desorption process from the alloy surface was found to consist of two components. Both components are thermally activated, but the activation energies appear to equal neither the hydrogen desorption energy from pure silicon nor that from pure germanium surfaces. We suggest that the two components represent Ge- and Si-mediated hydrogen desorption, with the former being more rapid than the latter.

Sharp, J.W. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States)); Eres, G. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P. O. Box 2008, Solid State Division, Bldg. 2000 MS 6056, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6056 (United States))

1993-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Wind Energy Development and its Impacts on Wildlife  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Wind Energy Development and its Impacts on Wildlife Carrie Lowe, M.S. Candidate UniversityOutline · Introduction · Wind energy in the U.S. I t ildlif· Impacts on wildlife · Guidelines · Future directions · References IntroductionIntroduction What is wind energy? · The process by which turbines convert the kinetic

Gray, Matthew

425

Spectral Characteristics and Meridional Variations of Energy Transformations during the First and Second Special Observation Periods of FGGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global features and meridional variations of spectral energy transformations are investigated for the first and second special observation periods (SOP-1 and SOP-2) of FGGE. The latitudinal distribution of the kinetic energy balance is also ...

Ernest C. Kung; Hiroshi Tanaka

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Kinetic dispersion of Langmuir waves. I. The Langmuir decay instability  

SciTech Connect

We derive a fully kinetic, three-dimensional dispersion relation for Langmuir waves with a focus on the Langmuir decay instability (LDI). The kinetic dispersion is compared to the standard fluid dispersion found with an equation of state (EOS) closure. The EOS closure fails to capture the intricacies of the nonlinear pressure when high frequency electron plasma waves (EPWs) couple to low frequency ion acoustic waves (IAWs). In particular, we find discrepancies in the k{lambda}{sub d} scaling of the LDI growth rate, where k is the wavenumber of the incident EPW and {lambda}{sub d} is the Debye length. As a result, the kinetic dispersion relation for LDI results in instability thresholds that can be in excess of twice those predicted by the fluid theory. Both the fluid and kinetic dispersion relations predict a nonlinear frequency shift due to the beating of the pump and scattered EPWs, but again the k{lambda}{sub d} scaling of these frequency shifts differ. In addition, the kinetic dispersion predicts a nonlinear reduction in the IAW damping from the three-wave interaction.

Palastro, J. P.; Williams, E. A.; Hinkel, D. E.; Divol, L.; Strozzi, D. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

PKS 1018-42: A Powerful Kinetically Dominated Quasar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have identified PKS 1018-42 as a radio galaxy with extraordinarily powerful jets, over twice as powerful as any 3CR source of equal or lesser redshift except for one (3C196). It is perhaps the most intrinsically powerful extragalactic radio source in the, still poorly explored, Southern Hemisphere. PKS 1018-42 belongs to the class of FR II objects that are kinetically dominated, the jet kinetic luminosity, $Q \\sim 6.5 \\times 10^{46}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$ (calculated at 151 MHz), is 3.4 times larger than the total thermal luminosity (IR to X-ray) of the accretion flow, $L_{bol} \\sim 1.9 \\times 10^{46}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$. It is the fourth most kinetically dominated quasar that we could verify from existing radio data. From a review of the literature, we find that kinetically dominated sources such as PKS 1018-42 are rare, and list the 5 most kinetically dominated sources found from our review. Our results for PKS 1018-42 are based on new observations from the Australia Telescope Compact Array.

Brian Punsly; Steven Tingay

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Multiplexed Chemical Kinetic Photoionization Mass Spectrometer: A New Approach To Isomer-resolved Chemical Kinetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facility, Mail Stop 9055, Sandia National Laboratories,the U.S. Department of Energy. Sandia is a multiprogramlaboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin

Osborne, David L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The crystallization kinetics of nanothin amorphous TlGa{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}Se{sub 2} films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetics of phase transformations of amorphous Ge-doped TlGaSe{sub 2} films has been investigated by kinematic electron diffraction. It is shown that the crystallization of 30-nm-thick amorphous films obtained both in the absence of external effects and in an external electric field occurs according to the regularities established by Avrami and Kolmogorov and described by the analytical expression V{sub t} = V{sub 0}[1 - exp(-kt{sup m})]. The activation energies of nucleation and the further growth of nuclei have been determined from the kinetic curves of phase transformations.

Alekberov, E. Sh., E-mail: aeldar@hotbox.ru; Sharifova, A. K.; Ismayilov, D. I. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Bench Scale Kinetics of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bench Scale Kinetics of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors Bench Scale Kinetics of Mercury Reactions in FGD Liquors When research into the measurement and control of Hg emissions from coal-fired power plants began in earnest in the early 1990s, it was observed that oxidized mercury can be scrubbed at high efficiency in wet FGD systems, while elemental mercury can not. In many cases, elemental mercury concentrations were observed to increase slightly across wet FGD systems, but this was typically regarded as within the variability of the measurement methods. However, later measurements have shown substantial re-emissions from some FGD systems. The goal of this project is to develop a fundamental understanding of the aqueous chemistry of mercury (Hg) absorbed by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubbing liquors. Specifically, the project will determine the chemical reactions that oxidized mercury undergoes once absorbed, the byproducts of those reactions, and reaction kinetics.

431

On kinetic description of electromagnetic processes in a quantum plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonlinear kinetic equation for nonrelativistic quantum plasma with electromagnetic interaction of particles is obtained in the Hartree's mean-field approximation. It is cast in a convenient form of Vlasov-Boltzmann-type equation with "quantum interference integral", that allows for relatively straightforward modification of existing classical Vlasov codes to incorporate quantum effects (quantum statistics and quantum interference of overlapping particles wave functions), without changing the bulk of the codes. Such modification (upgrade) of existing Vlasov codes may provide a direct and effective path to numerical simulations of nonlinear electrostatic and electromagnetic phenomena in quantum plasmas, especially of processes where kinetic effects are important (e.g., modulational interactions and stimulated scattering phenomena involving plasma modes at short wavelengths or high-order kinetic modes, dynamical screening and interaction of charges in quantum plasma, etc.) Moreover, numerical approaches involv...

Tyshetskiy, Y O; Kompaneets, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Chemical Kinetic Models for HCCI and Diesel Combustion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Predictive engine simulation models are needed to make rapid progress towards DOE's goals of increasing combustion engine efficiency and reducing pollutant emissions. These engine simulation models require chemical kinetic submodels to allow the prediction of the effect of fuel composition on engine performance and emissions. Chemical kinetic models for conventional and next-generation transportation fuels need to be developed so that engine simulation tools can predict fuel effects. The objectives are to: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic models for fuel components used in surrogate fuels for diesel and HCCI engines; (2) Develop surrogate fuel models to represent real fuels and model low temperature combustion strategies in HCCI and diesel engines that lead to low emissions and high efficiency; and (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on low temperature combustion modes of advanced combustion engines.

Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Mehl, M; Sarathy, S M

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Kinetic Alfven double layer formed by electron viscosity  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the electron viscosity on the kinetic Alfven solitary wave is investigated. It is found that small electron viscosity changes the electron motion along the magnetic field producing a boundary layer, and thus that in a low beta electron-ion plasma({beta} Much-Less-Than m{sub e}/m{sub i}), an obliquely propagating kinetic solitary Alfven wave can become a double layer. This double layer can exist in the sub-Alfvenic and super-Alfvenic regimes. The length scale of density drop for this double layer is on the order of that of the conventional kinetic solitary Alfven wave, and thus this double layer can accelerate electrons on a very short length scale.

Woo, M. H.; Ryu, C.-M. [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, C. R. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Feasibility of Electron Cooling for Low-Energy RHIC operation April 18, 2008 FEASIBILITY OF ELECTRON COOLING FOR LOW-ENERGY RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for RHIC low-energy cooling. 5.1 DC cooler Electron cooling with electron beam kinetic energies Ek,e=0 for the DC and RF electron beam approach. It suggests that the cost of such a cooler for Low-Energy RHIC;Feasibility of Electron Cooling for Low-Energy RHIC operation April 18, 2008 A.2 Parameters of DC electron

435

ERRATUM Energy exchange in an array of vertical-axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The calculation of the planform kinetic energy flux in this paper contains an error. The equation stated in the manuscript, Pvert ???Aplanu , is correct. However, a typographical error in the data processing code had the effect of calculating the planform kinetic energy flux using u 2 instead of u. This error caused a quantitative change in the planform kinetic energy flux as can be seen in the revised version of Figure 7. Figure 7. Contours of the power transport due to the planform kinetic energy flux along the centre of the turbine array. The three turbine pairs are indicated as vertical bars. Upon correction, the planform kinetic energy flux is lower than originally stated. In the region in front of the turbine array, it is 2.2 W/m 2 instead of 17 W/m 2. The average planform kinetic energy flux into the turbine array from 2 D downwind of the second turbine pair to 7.5 D downwind of the third sensor pair is 3.4 W/m 2 for the highest sensor position and 0.03 W/m 2 for the lowest sensor position; values of 22 W/m 2 and 0.4 W/m 2, respectively, were stated in the paper. The correction leads to a planform kinetic energy flux of 316 W per turbine pair which is approximately one-third of the power that is extracted by the turbine pair. Furthermore, the corrected results lead to the conclusion that the Frandsen formula gives the better estimate of the planform kinetic energy flux. The Frandsen estimate is off by 76 % while the Lettau is off by a factor of 8.5. While the conclusions of the manuscript are largely unchanged, the corrected data indicate that the planform kinetic energy flux is not sufficient to account for the total power

Matthias Kinzel; Quinn Mulligan; John O. Dabiri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Recent advances in the kinetics of oxygen reduction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oxygen reduction is considered an important electrocatalytic reaction; the most notable need remains improvement of the catalytic activity of existing metal electrocatalysts and development of new ones. A review is given of new advances in the understanding of reaction kinetics and improvements of the electrocatalytic properties of some surfaces, with focus on recent studies of relationship of the surface properties to its activity and reaction kinetics. The urgent need is to improve catalytic activity of Pt and synthesize new, possibly non- noble metal catalysts. New experimental techniques for obtaining new level of information include various {ital in situ} spectroscopies and scanning probes, some involving synchrotron radiation. 138 refs, 18 figs, 2 tabs.

Adzic, R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Chemical and kinetic equilibrations via radiative parton transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hot and dense partonic system can be produced in the early stage of a relativistic heavy ion collision. How it equilibrates is important for the extraction of Quark-Gluon Plasma properties. We study the chemical and kinetic equilibrations of the Quark-Gluon Plasma using a radiative transport model. Thermal and Color-Glass-Condensate motivated initial conditions are used. We observe that screened parton interactions always lead to partial pressure isotropization. Different initial pressure anisotropies result in the same asymptotic evolution. Comparison of evolutions with and without radiative processes shows that chemical equilibration interacts with kinetic equilibration and radiative processes can contribute significantly to pressure isotropization.

Bin Zhang; Warner A. Wortman

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Plasma outflow from a corrugated trap in the kinetic regime  

SciTech Connect

The problem of stationary plasma outflow from an open corrugated trap in the kinetic regime is considered with allowance for pair collisions in the framework of a kinetic equation with the Landau collision integral. The distribution function is studied in the limit of small-scale corrugation and a large mirror ratio. In considering a single corrugation cell, a correction for the distribution function is calculated analytically. An equation describing variations of the distribution function along the system is derived and used to study the problem of plasma outflow into vacuum.

Skovorodin, D. I.; Beklemishev, A. D. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Kinetic description of electron plasma waves with orbital angular momentum  

SciTech Connect

We describe the kinetic theory of electron plasma waves with orbital angular momentum or twisted plasmons. The conditions for a twisted Landau resonance to exist are established, and this concept is introduced for the first time. Expressions for the kinetic dispersion relation and for the electron Landau damping are derived. The particular case of a Maxwellian plasma is examined in detail. The new contributions to wave dispersion and damping due the orbital angular momentum are discussed. It is shown that twisted plasmons can be excited by rotating electron beams.

Mendonca, J. T. [IPFN, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Detailed chemical kinetic modeling of diesel combustion with oxygenated fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The influence of oxygenated hydrocarbons as additives to diesel fuels on ignition, NOx emissions and soot production has been examined using a detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism. N-heptane was used as a representative diesel fuel, and methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether and dimethoxymethane were used as oxygenated fuel additives. It was found that addition of oxygenated hydrocarbons reduced NOx levels and reduced the production of soot precursors. When the overall oxygen content in the fuel reached approximately 25% by mass, production of soot precursors fell effectively to zero, in agreement with experimental studies. The kinetic factors responsible for these observations are discussed.

Pitz, W J; Curran, H J; Fisher, E; Glaude, P A; Marinov, N M; Westbrook, C K

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Energetics and kinetics of anaerobic aromatic and fatty acid degradation. Progress report, June 1991--November 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The kinetics of benzoate degradation by the anaerobic syntrophic bacterium, Syntrophus buswellii, was studied in coculture with Desulfovibrio strain G11. The threshold value for benzoate degradation was dependent on the acetate concentration with benzoate threshold values ranging from 2.4 {mu}M at 20 mM acetate to 30.0 {mu}M at 65 mM acetate. Increasing acetate concentrations also inhibited the rate of benzoate degradation with a apparent K{sub i} for acetate inhibition of 7.0 mM. Lower threshold values were obtained when nitrate rather than sulfate was the terminal electron acceptor. These data are consistent with a thermodynamic explanation for the threshold, and suggest that there is a minimum Gibbs free energy value required for the degradation of benzoate. An acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase has been isolated from Syntrophomonas wolfei; it is apparently a key enzyme controlling the synthesis of poly-B-hydroxyalkanoate from acetyl-CoA in this organism. Kinetic characterization of the acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase from S. wolfei showed that it is similar in its structural, kinetic, and apparent regulatory properties to other biosynthetic acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases from phylogenetically distinct bacteria that synthesize PHA. Intracellular concentrations of CoA and acetyl-CoA are believed to be critical factors regulating the activity of the acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase in S. wolfei. We have also isolated and characterized several new halophilic anaerobic fermentative anaerobes. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that one of these bacteria is a new species in the genus, Haloanaerobium. Two other species appear to be members of the genus, Halobacteroides. Several halophilic acetoclastic methanogenic bacteria have also been isolated and their physiological properties are currently under investigation. We have also isolated an acetate-using dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium.

McInerney, M.J.

1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

Co-existence of whistler waves with kinetic Alfven wave turbulence for the high-beta solar wind plasma  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that the dispersion relation for whistler waves is identical for a high or low beta plasma. Furthermore, in the high-beta solar wind plasma, whistler waves meet the Landau resonance with electrons for velocities less than the thermal speed, and consequently, the electric force is small compared to the mirror force. As whistlers propagate through the inhomogeneous solar wind, the perpendicular wave number increases through refraction, increasing the Landau damping rate. However, the whistlers can survive because the background kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence creates a plateau by quasilinear (QL) diffusion in the solar wind electron distribution at small velocities. It is found that for whistler energy density of only {approx}10{sup -3} that of the kinetic Alfven waves, the quasilinear diffusion rate due to whistlers is comparable to KAW. Thus, very small amplitude whistler turbulence can have a significant consequence on the evolution of the solar wind electron distribution function.

Mithaiwala, Manish; Crabtree, Chris; Ganguli, Gurudas [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5346 (United States); Rudakov, Leonid [Icarus Research Inc., P.O. Box 30780, Bethesda, Maryland 20824-0780 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Interpretation of ES, CS, and IOS approximations within a translational-internal coupling scheme. II. Application to atom--diatom kinetic cross sections  

SciTech Connect

ES, CS, and IOS approximations to atom--diatom kinetic cross sections are derived. In doing so, reduced S-matrices in a translational-internal coupling scheme are stressed. This entails the insertion of recently obtained approximate reduced S-matrices in the translational-internal coupling scheme into previously derived general expressions for the kinetic cross sections. Of special interest is the structure (rotational j quantum number dependence) of the kinetic cross sections associated with the Senftleben Beenakker effects and of pure internal state relaxation phenomena. The viscomagnetic effect is used as an illustrative example. It is found in particular that there is a great similarity of structure between the energy sudden (and IOS) approximation and the previously derived distorted wave Born results.

Coombe, D.A.; Snider, R.F.

1980-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Kinetic Formulation of the Kohn-Sham Equations for ab initio Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new approach to density functional theory based on kinetic theory, showing that the Kohn-Sham equations can be derived as a macroscopic limit of a suitable Boltzmann kinetic equation in the limit of small mean free path versus the typical scale of density gradients (Chapman-Enskog expansion). To derive the approach, we first write the Schr\\"odinger equation as a special case of a Boltzmann equation for a gas of quasi-particles, with the potential playing the role of an external source that generates and destroys particles, so as to drive the system towards the ground state. The ions are treated as classical particles, using the Born-Oppenheimer dynamics, or by imposing concurrent evolution with the electronic orbitals. In order to provide quantitative support to our approach, we implement a discrete (lattice) model and compute, the exchange and correlation energies of simple atoms, and the geometrical configuration of the methane molecule. Excellent agreement with values in the literature is fo...

Mendoza, M; Herrmann, H J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Reaction Kinetics of CO2 Carbonation with Mg-Rich Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Due to their low price, wide availability, and stability of the resulting carbonates, Mg-rich minerals are promising materials for carbonating CO{sub 2}. Direct carbonation of CO{sub 2} with Mg-rich minerals reported in this research for the first time could be considerably superior to conventional liquid extraction processes from an energy consumption perspective due to its avoidance of the use of a large amount of water with high specific heat capacity and latent heat of vaporization. Kinetic models of the reactions of the direct CO{sub 2} carbonation with Mg-rich minerals and within simulated flue gas environments are important to the scale-up of reactor designs. Unfortunately, such models have not been made available thus far. This research was initiated to fill that gap. Magnesium silicate (Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}), a representative compound in Mg-rich minerals, was used to study CO{sub 2} carbonation reaction kinetics under given simulated flue gas conditions. It was found that the chosen sorbent deactivation model fits well the experimental data collected under given conditions. A reaction order of 1 with respect to CO{sub 2} is obtained from experimental data. The Arrhenius form of CO{sub 2} carbonation with Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} is established based on changes in the rate constants of the chosen deactivation model as a function of temperature.

Kwon, Dr. Soonchul [Georgia Institute of Technology; Fan, Maohong [University of Wyoming, Laramie; DaCosta, Dr. Herbert F.M. [Chem-Innovations Inc; Russell, Dr. Armistead [Georgia Institute of Technology; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Boundary Conditions of the Hydro-Cascade Model and Relativistic Kinetic Equations for Finite Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the coupled relativistic kinetic equations for two domains separated by a hypersurface having both space- and time-like parts is presented. Integrating the derived set of transport equations, we obtain the correct system of the hydro+cascade equations to model the relativistic nuclear collision process. Remarkably, the conservation laws on the boundary between domains conserve separately both the incoming and outgoing components of energy, momentum and baryonic charge. Thus, the relativistic kinetic theory generates twice the number of conservation laws compared to traditional hydrodynamics. Our analysis shows that these boundary conditions between domains, the three flux discontinuity, can be satisfied only by a special superposition of two cut-off distribution functions for the ``out'' domain. All these results are applied to the case of the phase transition between quark gluon plasma and hadronic matter. The possible consequences for an improved hydro+cascade description of the relativistic nuclear collisions are discussed. The unique properties of the three flux discontinuity and their effect on the space-time evolution of the transverse expansion are also analyzed. The possible modifications of both transversal radii from pion correlations generated by a correct hydro+cascade approach are discussed.

K. A. Bugaev

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

447

From continuum Fokker-Planck models to discrete kinetic models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Two theoretical formalisms are widely used in modeling mechanochemical systems such as protein motors: continuum Fokker-Planck models and discrete kinetic models. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Here we present a finite volume procedure to solve Fokker-Planck equations. The procedure relates the continuum equations to a discrete mechanochemical kinetic model while retaining many of the features of the continuum formulation. The resulting numerical algorithm is a generalization of the algorithm developed previously by Fricks, Wang, and Elston through relaxing the local linearization approximation of the potential functions, and a more accurate treatment of chemical transitions. The new algorithm dramatically reduces the number of numerical cells required for a prescribed accuracy. The kinetic models constructed in this fashion retain some features of the continuum potentials, so that the algorithm provides a systematic and consistent treatment of mechanical-chemical responses such as load-velocity relations, which are difficult to capture with a priori kinetic models. Several numerical examples are given to illustrate the performance of the method.

Jianhua Xing; Hongyun Wang; George Oster

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Kinetic Isotope Effects from Hybrid Classical and Quantum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-order perturbation (KP2) is sufficiently accurate for chemical applications.7 We describe an automated, numerical in chemical applications to determine KIEs for chemical reactions, and because of its fast convergenceCHAPTER 5 Kinetic Isotope Effects from Hybrid Classical and Quantum Path Integral Computations

Minnesota, University of

449

Kinetics of hot-gas desulfurization sorbents for transport reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hot-gas desulfurization for the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) process has been investigated by many researchers to remove effectively hydrogen sulfide with various metal oxide sorbents at elevated temperatures. Various metal oxide sorbents are formulated with metal oxides such as Fe, Co, Zn, and Ti. Initial reaction kinetics of formulated sorbents with hydrogen sulfide is studied in the presence of various amounts of moisture and hydrogen at various reaction temperatures. The objectives of this research are to study initial reaction kinetics for a sorbent-hydrogen sulfide heterogeneous reaction system, to investigate effects of concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen, and moisture on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents, to understand effects of space time of reaction gas mixtures on initial reaction kinetics of the sorbent-hydrogen sulfide system, and to evaluate effects of temperature and sorbent amounts on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents. Experimental data on initial reaction kinetics of hydrogen sulfide with metal oxide sorbents were obtained with a 0.83-cm{sup 3} differential reactor. The reactivity of MCRH-67 sorbent and AHI-1 was examined. These sorbents were obtained from the Research Triangle Institute (RTI). The sorbents in the form of 70 {micro}m particles are reacted with 1,000--4,000 ppm hydrogen sulfide at 450--600 C. The range of space time of reaction gas mixtures is 0.03--0.09 s. The range of reaction duration is 4--14,400 s.

K.C. Kwon

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Overview of nonlinear theory of kinetically driven instabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview is presented of the theory for the nonlinear behavior of instabilities driven by the resonant wave particle interaction. The approach should be applicable to a wide variety of kinetic systems in magnetic fusion devices and accelerators. Here the authors emphasize application to Alfven were driven instability, and the principles of the theory are used to interpret experimental data.

Berk, H.L.; Breizman, B.N.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nano Research Kinetics of Molecular Recognition Mediated Nanoparticle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano Research Kinetics of Molecular Recognition Mediated Nanoparticle Self-Assembly Chinmay Soman1 the streptavidin-biotin interaction [9] 0078 Nano Res (2009) 2: 78 84 DOI 10.1007/s12274-009-9005-z Research Article #12;79Nano Res (2009) 2: 78 84 are incubated with specific antigens in a physiological buffer

452

Kinetic analysis of anaerobic fermentation of dry beef cattle manure  

SciTech Connect

Influent total solids levels of 10, 20, 30 and 40% were tested for biogas production at 35/sup 0/C and C/N ratios of 11 and 25. Organic loading rates ranging from 5.0 to 10.6 kg VS m/sup -3/ d/sup -1/ were used and the Contois kinetic model was used to evaluate the data.

Schult, D.D.; Luis, V.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Kinetic ballooning-interchange modes in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid fluid-gyrokinetic derivation of the kinetic modifications to the ballooning-interchange eigenmode equation is presented which removes the large and small wave frequency restrictions of Tang and Catto. The derivation employs a long-thin ordering and an eikonal ansatz, but otherwise allows arbitrary asymmetry, beta, pressure anisotropy, and unperturbed parallel and perpendicular electrostatic field.

Lee, X.S.; Catto, P.J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Di usive Kinetic Explicit Schemes for Nonlinear Degenerate Parabolic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Di#11;usive Kinetic Explicit Schemes for Nonlinear Degenerate Parabolic Systems #3; D. Aregba parabolic systems. These schemes are based on discrete BGK models where both characteristic velocities. Evje and K.H. Karlsen [15] and of M. Espedal and K.H. Karlsen [14]. For the theory of general parabolic

455

Kinetics of Oxygen Reduction in LSM and LSCF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.00E-05 1.00E-04 1.00E-03 1.00E-02 1.00E-01 1.00E+00 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 LogpO2atm VA''' VB''' VO** MnB* MnBx MnB' Kinetic Measurements Using Polycrystalline...

456

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

458

Ion Exchange Kinetics Testing with SRF Resin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site contains more than 53 million gallons of legacy waste generated as a byproduct of plutonium production and reprocessing operations. The wastes are a complex mixture composed mostly of NaNO3, NaNO2, NaOH, NaAlO2, Na3PO4, and Na2SO4, with a number of minor and trace metals, organics, and radionuclides stored in underground waste tanks. The DOE Office of River Protection (ORP) has contracted Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) to build a pretreatment facility, the River Protection Project-Waste Treatment Plant (RPP-WTP), that will separate long-lived transuranics (TRU) and highly radioactive components (specifically 137Cs and, in selected cases, 90Sr) from the bulk (non-radioactive) constituents and immobilize the wastes by vitrification. The plant is designed to produce two waste streams: a high-volume low-activity waste (LAW) and a low-volume high-activity waste (HLW).

Russell, Renee L.; Rinehart, Donald E.; Brown, Garrett N.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Peterson, Reid A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Airfoil sampling of a pulsed Laval beam with tunable vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) synchrotron ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry: Application to low--temperature kinetics and product detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flows suitable for kinetic studies of chemical reactions infor a chemical reaction in the available kinetic window ofa complex kinetic behavior. The rate of chemical reactions

Soorkia, Satchin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 22390 of 31,917 results. 81 - 22390 of 31,917 results. Article Joint Statement between U.S. Department of Energy and Republic of Korea's Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy Poneman and Sang-jick, met on May 7, 2013, at the Department of Energy (DOE) headquarters in Washington, D.C., where they exchanged views on cooperation on a wide range of energy priorities. http://energy.gov/articles/joint-statement-between-us-department-energy-and-republic-korea-s-ministry-trade-industry Article Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More See how organic materials are used to create biofuels, reducing dependence on foreign oil and creating jobs. http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-101-feedstocks-biofuels-and-more Article Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Learn how hydroelectric power, or hydropower, captures the kinetic energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ogdensburg kinetic energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Ethylbenzene dehydrogenation into styrene: kinetic modeling and reactor simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fundamental kinetic model based upon the Hougen-Watson formalism was derived as a basis not only for a better understanding of the reaction behavior but also for the design and simulation of industrial reactors. Kinetic experiments were carried out using a commercial potassium-promoted iron catalyst in a tubular reactor under atmospheric pressure. Typical reaction conditions were temperature = 620oC, steam to ethylbenzene mole ratio = 11, and partial pressure of N2 diluent = 0.432 bar. Experimental data were obtained for different operating conditions, i.e., temperature, feed molar ratio of steam to ethylbenzene, styrene to ethylbenzene, and hydrogen to ethylbenzene and space time. The effluent of the reactor was analyzed on-line using two GCs. Kinetic experiments for the formation of minor by-products, i.e. phenylacetylene, ?±-methylstyrene, ?²-methylstyrene, etc, were conducted as well. The reaction conditions were: temperature = 600oC ~ 640oC, a molar ratio of steam to ethylbenzene = 6.5, and partial pressure of N2 diluent = 0.43 bar and 0.64 bar. The products were analyzed by off-line GC. The mathematical model developed for the ethylbenzene dehydrogenation consists of nonlinear simultaneous differential equations in multiple dependent variables. The parameters were estimated from the minimization of the multiresponse objective function which was performed by means of the Marquardt algorithm. All the estimated parameters satisfied the statistical tests and physicochemical criteria. The kinetic model yielded an excellent fit of the experimental data. The intrinsic kinetic parameters were used with the heterogeneous fixed bed reactor model which is explicitly accounting for the diffusional limitations inside the porous catalyst. Multi-bed industrial adiabatic reactors with axial flow and radial flow were simulated and the effect of the operating conditions on the reactor performance was investigated. The dynamic equilibrium coke content was calculated using detailed kinetic model for coke formation and gasification, which was coupled to the kinetic model for the main reactions. The calculation of the dynamic equilibrium coke content provided a crucial guideline for the selection of the steam to ethylbenzene ratio leading to optimum operating conditions.

Lee, Won Jae

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

KINETIC AND SYNTHETIC STUDIES ON BORON-NITROGEN HYDRIDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Basic Energy Division of Chemic Sciences~ of Energy.underwas supported by the Division of Chemic Sciences, Office of

Briggs, Thomas Stafford

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Analysis of Lipid OxidationChapter 10 Kinetic Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Chapter 10 Kinetic Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Data Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books Downloadable pdf of Chapter 10 Kinetic Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Data from ...

464

Kinetic Modeling of Halogen-Based Plasma Etching of Complex Oxide Films and its Application to Predictive Feature Profile Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

amounts of kinetic data (such as chemical reaction sets)kinetic parameters related to specific chemical reactionsChemical Engineering by Nathan Philip Marchack ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION Kinetic

Marchack, Nathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

California's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 13th congressional US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 13th congressional district Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Primus Power Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Networking Organizations in California's 13th congressional district Boots on the Roof Registered Energy Companies in California's 13th congressional district Advanced Power Projects Aurora BioFuels Inc BizLink Technology CalStar Products Catalytic Device International LLC Comverge Crown Renewable Energy LLC Deeya Energy EXAR Corporation Energy Recovery Inc Envia systems Fulcrum Bioenergy Inc Intematix Corporation Leyden Energy formerly known as Mobius Power Makani Power Makani Power Inc Mendel Biotechnology Inc Meridian Energy USA OSIsoft Oorja Protonics Oorja Protonics Inc

466

A New Formulation of the Spectral Energy Budget of the Atmosphere, with Application to Two High-Resolution General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new formulation of the spectral energy budget of kinetic and available potential energies of the atmosphere is derived, with spherical harmonics as base functions. Compared to previous formulations, there are three main improvements: (i) the ...

Pierre Augier; Erik Lindborg

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Quantitative perturbative study of convergence to equilibrium for collisional kinetic models in the torus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a general class of linear collisional kinetic models in the torus, including in particular the linearized Boltzmann equation for hard spheres, the linearized Landau equation with hard and moderately soft potentials and the semi-classical linearized fermionic and bosonic relaxation models, we prove explicit coercivity estimates on the associated integro-differential operator for some modified Sobolev norms. We deduce existence of classical solutions near equilibrium for the full non-linear models associated, with explicit regularity bounds, and we obtain explicit estimates on the rate of exponential convergence towards equilibrium in this perturbative setting. The proof are based on a linear energy method which combines the coercivity property of the collision operator in the velocity space with transport effects, in order to deduce coercivity estimates in the whole phase space.

Clment Mouhot; Lukas Neumann

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

468

Impact of Biodiesel on the Oxidation Kinetics and Morphology of Diesel Particulate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We compare the oxidation characteristics of four different diesel particulates generated with a modern light-duty engine. The four particulates represent engine fueling with conventional ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), biodiesel, and two intermediate blends of these fuels. The comparisons discussed here are based on complementary measurements implemented in a laboratory micro-reactor, including temperature programmed desorption and oxidation, pulsed isothermal oxidation, and BET surface area. From these measurements we have derived models that are consistent with the observed oxidation reactivity differences. When accessible surface area effects are properly accounted for, the oxidation kinetics of the fixed carbon components were found to consistently exhibit an Arrhenius activation energy of 113 6 kJ/mol. Release of volatile carbon from the as-collected particulate appears to follow a temperaturedependent rate law.

Strzelec, Andrea [ORNL; Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Titanium tritide radioisotope heat source development : palladium-coated titanium hydriding kinetics and tritium loading tests.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have found that a 180 nm palladium coating enables titanium to be loaded with hydrogen isotopes without the typical 400-500 C vacuum activation step. The hydriding kinetics of Pd coated Ti can be described by the Mintz-Bloch adherent film model, where the rate of hydrogen absorption is controlled by diffusion through an adherent metal-hydride layer. Hydriding rate constants of Pd coated and vacuum activated Ti were found to be very similar. In addition, deuterium/tritium loading experiments were done on stacks of Pd coated Ti foil in a representative-size radioisotope heat source vessel. The experiments demonstrated that such a vessel could be loaded completely, at temperatures below 300 C, in less than 10 hours, using existing department-of-energy tritium handling infrastructure.

Van Blarigan, Peter; Shugard, Andrew D.; Walters, R. Tom (Savannah River National Labs, Aiken, SC)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Kinetics of density striations excited by powerful electromagnetic waves in the ionosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most important effects observed when pumping ionospheric plasma by powerful radio waves from the ground is the excitation of filamentary density striations that are stretched along the ambient geomagnetic field. The kinetics of the striations present in the pump electromagnetic field is studied theoretically. The density irregularities cause inhomogeneities in the pump field, which result in a ponderomotive force acting on the striations that makes the density depressions move perpendicular to the geomagnetic field. Striations moving with different velocities can collide, thereby merging to produce larger scale striations. The merging of striations constitutes a cascade process that distributes the energy over the spatial spectrum of the striations. The resulting inhomogeneity spectrum as well as the obtained outward radial drift of a few meters per second is consistent with experimental results.

Istomin, Ya. N. [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky Prospect 53, 117924 Moscow (Russian Federation); Leyser, T. B. [Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Box 537, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Parameter identification and on-line estimation for reduced kinetic model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The base hydrolysis process for the destruction of energetic or explosive materials results is a high pH hydrolysate solution with reaction products that include a series of carboxylic acid salts, glycolates, amines, and nitrates. The hydrolysate solutions obtained from this process contain from two to ten wt% of organic carbon and nitrogen compounds that must be further treated before disposal. Hydrothermal oxidation at elevated temperatures (450 C) and pressure (14,000 psi) was selected as the treatment process for the hydrolysate solutions obtained from hydrolysis of the high explosive PBX 9404 at the Department of Energy Pantex facility in Amarillo, Texas. In this work, the authors describe the use of receding horizon identification and estimation techniques to determine the model parameters for a reduced kinetic model describing the oxidation-reduction reactions in a hydrothermal oxidation reactor. This model is used in a model predictive controller that minimizes the total aqueous nitrogen in the hydrothermal oxidation reactor effluent.

Littel, J.D.; Muske, K.R. [Villanova Univ., PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Del`Orco, P.C.; Le, L.A.; Flesner, R.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). High Explosives Science and Technology Group

1998-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Services Energy Economy Energy Policy Energy Policy Energy Secretary Steven Chu speaks with President Barack Obama. | Energy Department Photo Energy Secretary Steven...

473

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Renewable Energy October 7, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis Renewable energy increases energy security, creates jobs, and powers our clean energy economy. Renewable energy increases...

474

Energy dependence of nucleon-nucleon potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the energy dependence of potentials defined through the Bethe-Salpeter wave functions. We analytically evaluate such a potential in the Ising field theory in 2 dimensions and show that its energy dependence is weak at low energy. We then numerically calculate the nucleon-nucleon potential at non-zero energy using quenched QCD with anti-periodic boundary condition. In this case we also observe that the potentials are almost identical at $E\\simeq 0$ and $E\\simeq 50$ MeV, where $E$ is the center of mass kinetic energy.

Sinya Aoki; Janos Balog; Tetsuo Hatsuda; Noriyoshi Ishii; Keiko Murano; Hidekatsu Nemura; Peter Weisz

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

475

Exact results for parallel-chain kinetic models of biological transport Anatoly B. Kolomeisky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-state models. Thus, the application of phenomenological simple chemical kinetic models20­22,25 which provide ``chemical'' approach is based on a kinetic multistate description of the molecular motor transport.17 or conformations leads to the motion of motor proteins. In the simplest chemical kinetic model see Fig. 1 , a motor

476

Nested stochastic simulation algorithms for chemical kinetic systems with multiple time scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nested stochastic simulation algorithms for chemical kinetic systems with multiple time scales an efficient numerical algorithm for simulating chemical kinetic systems with multiple time scales. This algo. Our analysis of such multi-scale chemical kinetic systems allows us to identify the slow variables

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

477

Non-meanfield deterministic limits in chemical reaction kinetics R. E. Lee DeVille  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-meanfield deterministic limits in chemical reaction kinetics R. E. Lee DeVille Courant. An important class of such micro- scopic systems are kinetic Monte Carlo KMC schemes13,14 for chemical is demonstrated for the kinetic Monte Carlo version of the Schnakenberg reaction where we identified a scaling

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

478

Diffusion-limited kinetics of the solutionsolid phase transition of molecular substances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the applicability of this mech- anism to small molecules comes from the unusually narrow grouping of the kinetic) Basic Chemical Kinetics (Wiley, New York). 3. Neilsen, A. E. (1967) in Crystal Growth, ed. Peiser, S Chemical Kinetics (John Wiley and Sons, New York). 14. Zwanzig, R. (2001) Nonequilibrium Statistical

Vekilov, Peter

479

Kinetics of Chromium(III) Oxidation by Manganese(IV) Oxides Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This represents the first study to determine the chemical kinetics of Cr(III) oxidation on Mn-oxides. The results focusing on the "chemical" kinetics of Cr(III) oxidation on manganese oxides, i.e., the initial rates of Obtaining and Analyzing Kinetic Data. In Rates of Soil Chemical Processes, Sparks, D. L., Suarez, D. L., Eds

Sparks, Donald L.

480

"Kinetics of Chemical Reactions in Environmental Systems: Research Needs and Challenges"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-purposeful. Naturally, kinetic factors also affect chemical reactivity, but the influence of those factors is secondary. If a chemical reaction is disallowed thermodynamically, no combination of kinetic factors will enable that reaction to proceed. The bottom line: chemical reactions are governed by both thermodynamic and kinetic

Sparks, Donald L.

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481

Nested stochastic simulation algorithm for chemical kinetic systems with disparate rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nested stochastic simulation algorithm for chemical kinetic systems with disparate rates Weinan Ea online 14 November 2005 An efficient simulation algorithm for chemical kinetic systems with disparate This paper addresses two important issues on stochastic models of chemical kinetic systems with disparate

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

482

Band-trap capture and emission in the generalized kinetic theory of electrons and holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the applications. These assumptions amount to discard the kinetic equation for phonons, and to replace np The Boltzmann Equation and its Applications (New York: Springer Verlag). [8] Spiga G 1992 On extended kinetic theory with chemical reaction Nonlinear Kinetic Theory and Mathematical Aspects of Hyperbolic Systems ed

Spiga, Giampiero

483

All Kinds of Behavior are Possible in Chemical Kinetics: A Theorem and Its Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All Kinds of Behavior are Possible in Chemical Kinetics: A Theorem and Its Potential Applications by the equations of chemical kinetics are simple: the process of each chemical reaction, concentrations of some shown to occur in chemical kinetics, it has been not know whether all types of behavior are possible

Ward, Karen

484

All Kinds of Behavior are Possible in Chemical Kinetics: A Theorem and Its Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All Kinds of Behavior are Possible in Chemical Kinetics: A Theorem and Its Potential Applications by the equations of chemical kinetics are simple: in the course of each chemical reaction, concentrations of some shown to occur in chemical kinetics, it has been not know whether all types of behavior are possible

Kreinovich, Vladik

485

A study on the effect of particle size on coal flotation kinetics using fuzzy logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effect of particle size on the flotation kinetics of coal in a batch flotation cell. The relationship between flotation kinetics constant and theoretical flotation recovery with particle size was estimated with nonlinear equations. ... Keywords: Coal, Flotation kinetics, Fuzzy logic, Modeling

Emad Abkhoshk; Mohammad Kor; Bahram Rezai

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Optimization of Parameters of the Chemic Kinetic Model by Improved Genetic Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed kinetic model is one of the most important basic research items that the chemic synthesis techniques will have been commercialized from laboratory. A great breakthrough has been made in the detailed mechanistic kinetics of the chemic synthesis, ... Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, kinetic model, parameter

Rui-feng Han; Yu-li Yang; Yong-kui Zhang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Accelerating moderately stiff chemical kinetics in reactive-flow simulations using GPUs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chemical kinetics ODEs arising from operator-split reactive-flow simulations were solved on GPUs using explicit integration algorithms. Nonstiff chemical kinetics of a hydrogen oxidation mechanism (9 species and 38 irreversible reactions) were computed ... Keywords: CUDA, Chemical kinetics, GPU, Reactive-flow modeling, Stiff chemistry

Kyle E. Niemeyer, Chih-Jen Sung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Higher-order quadrature-based moment methods for kinetic equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic equations containing terms for spatial transport, body forces, and particle-particle collisions occur in many applications (e.g., rarefied gases, dilute granular gases, fluid-particle flows). The direct numerical solution of the kinetic equation ... Keywords: Boltzmann equation, Dilute particle flows, Kinetic equation, Quadrature method of moments, Rarefied gas flows, Velocity distribution function

R. O. Fox

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Parallel implementation of kinetic cellular automata for modeling CO oxidation over Pd(110) surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For simulating CO catalytic oxidation on platinum-group metals asynchronous cellular automata (CA) with probabilistic transition rules (kinetic CA) are used. Based on the properties of surface kinetic CA has to have a huge cellular arrays and long evolution. ... Keywords: asynchronous mode, block-synchronous mode, catalytic oxidation reaction, kinetic cellular automata, synchronous mode

Valentina Markova; Anastasia Sharifulina

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

A unified moving grid gas-kinetic method in Eulerian space for viscous flow computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under a generalized coordinate transformation with arbitrary grid velocity, the gas-kinetic BGK equation is reformulated in a moving frame of reference. Then, a unified conservative gas-kinetic scheme is developed for the viscous flow computation in ... Keywords: 65M06, 76P05, 76T05, Gas-kinetic scheme, Moving grid, Navier-Stokes equations, Unified coordinate system

Changqiu Jin; Kun Xu

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

pen- NEW DRAFT 2013NBC_QuickStats_v4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Below is a by-the-numbers look at the competitors in the 2013 Below is a by-the-numbers look at the competitors in the 2013 ENERGY STAR National Building Competition. * In the spirit of a "biggest-loser" weight-loss competition, more than 3,200 competitors are battling it out to see who can reduce energy use the most. * Competitors represent all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. * Competitors represent more than 25 different types of commercial buildings, such as schools, hotels, retail stores, and sports stadiums. * The oldest building in the competition is the Robert C. McEwen U.S. Custom House in Ogdensburg, NY, built in 1810 and owned by the U.S. General Services Administration * More than 100 competing buildings are over 100 years old! * The average size of buildings in the competition is

492

Equatorial Energy Accumulation and Emanation Regions: Impacts of a Zonally Varying Basic State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have suggested that the regions of mean anomalous perturbation kinetic energy which exist in the vicinity of the equatorial upper-tropospheric westerlies are the result of the propagation of extratropical synoptic and low ...

Peter J. Webster; Hai-Ru Chang

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Calculating Energy Flux in Internal Solitary Waves with an Application to Reflectance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energetics of internal solitary waves (ISWs) in continuous, quasi-two-layer stratifications are explored using fully nonlinear, nonhydrostatic numerical simulations. The kinetic energy of an internal solitary wave is always greater than the ...

Kevin G. Lamb; Van T. Nguyen

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A Relationship between Energy and Angular Momentum Conservation in Dynamical Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Newtonian particle dynamics the covariance of the kinetic energy equation to transformation between different inertial frames may he demonstrated only if the correct momentum equation is applied. A similar relation exists between the angular ...

A. A. White

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A unified theory of resonant excitation of kinetic ballooning modes by energetic ions/alpha particles in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

A complete theory of wave-particle interactions is presented whereby both circulating and trapped energetic ions can destabilize kinetic ballooning modes in tokamaks. Four qualitatively different types of resonances, involving wave-precessional drift, wave-transit, wave-bounce, and precessional drift-bounce interactions, are identified, and the destabilization potential of each is assessed. For a characteristic slowing-down distribution function, the dominant interaction is that which taps those resonant ions with the highest energy. Implications of the theory for present and future generation fusion experiments are discussed. 16 refs.

Biglari, H.; Chen, L.