Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Production of Hydrogen at the Forecourt Using Off-Peak Electricity: June 2005 (Milestone Report)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This milestone report provides information about the production of hydrogen at the forecourt using off-peak electricity as well as the Hydrogen Off-Peak Electricity (HOPE) model.

Levene, J. I.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Cooling commercial buildings with off-peak power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large commercial buildings use more electricity for cooling than for heating, and can account for 40% of summer peak demand. A cool storage technique in which compressors chill or freeze water during off-peak periods and the water is circulated during peak hours is in use in 100 commercial buildings. Reports indicate that these systems are economical, although little information is available, but engineers are hesitant to incorporate them because of possible damage from leaks or rust and other uncertainties. The Electric Power Research Institute is evaluating the performance of several systems to answer some of the operating and maintenance questions raised by engineers. 3 references, 3 figures. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Rabl, V.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical production, but electrolysis can take advantage of low electricity prices during off-peak hours, as well as intermittent and de million tonnes per year by 2023. In Alberta alone, oil sands development is requiring huge quantities

Naterer, Greg F.

4

Value-Based Operations and Maintenance Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can maximize the net corporate value of their operating and maintenance practices through a systematic approach that employs decision analysis techniques and marginal-value analysis. In a case study that confirmed the merit of the value-based approach, Duke Power Company developed and tested decision trees for specific predictive maintenance scenarios.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

5

Value of the energy data base  

SciTech Connect

An assessment was made of the Energy Data Base (EDB) of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center (TIC). As the major resource containing access information to the world's energy literature, EDB products and services are used extensively by energy researchers to identify journal articles, technical reports and other items of potential utility in their work. The approach taken to assessing value begins with the measurement of extent of use of the EDB. Apparent value is measured in terms of willingness to pay. Consequential value is measured in terms of effect - for searching, the cost of reading which results; and for reading, the savings which result from the application of the information obtained in reading. Resulting estimates of value reflect value to the searchers, the reader, and the reader's organization or funding source. A survey of the 60,000 scientists and eingineers funded by the DOE shows that annually they read about 7.1 million journal articles and 6.6 million technical reports. A wide range of savings values were reported for one-fourth of all article readings and three-fourths of all report readings. There was an average savings of $590 per reading of all articles; there was an average savings of $1280 for technical reports. The total annual savings attributable to reading by DOE-funded scientists and engineers is estimated to be about $13 billion. An investment of $5.3 billion in the generation of information and about $500 million in processing and using information yields a partial return of about $13 billion. Overall, this partial return on investment is about 2.2 to 1. In determining the value of EDB only those searches and readings directly attributable to it are included in the analysis. The values are $20 million to the searchers, $117 million to the readers and $3.6 billion to DOE.

King, D.W.; Griffiths, J.M.; Roderer, N.K.; Wiederkehr, R.R.V.

1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

6

Control system analysis for off-peak auxiliary heating of passive solar systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A computer simulation method is presented for the design of an electrical auxiliary energy system for passive solar heated structures. The system consists of electrical mats buried in the ground underneath the structure. Energy is stored in the ground during utility off-peak hours and released passively to the heated enclosure. An optimal control strategy is used to determine the system design parameters of depth of mat placement and minimum instaled electrical heating capacity. The optimal control applies combinations of fixed duration energy pulses to the heater, which minimize the room temperature error-squared for each day, assuming advance knowledge of the day's weather. Various realizable control schemes are investigated in an attempt to find a system that approaches the performance of the optimal control system.

Murray, H.S.; Melsa, J.L.; Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Performance improvement of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak electric auxiliary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design and construction of a heat pump system suitable for incorporating in a space solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility are described. The performance of the system is evaluated. The refrigerating capacity, heating capacity and compressor horsepower for a heat pump system using a piston type compressor are first determined. The heat pump design is also matched with the existing University of Toledo solar house heating system. The refrigerant is Freon-12 working between a condensing temperature of up to 172/sup 0/F and evaporator temperature between 0/sup 0/F and 75/sup 0/F. The heat pump is then installed. Performance indices for the heat pump and the heating system in general are defined and generated by the on-line computer monitoring system for the 1979/80 heating season operation. Monthly and seasonal indices such as heat pump coefficient of performance, collector efficiency, percent of heating load supplied by solar energy and individual components efficiencies in general are recorded. The data collected is then analyzed and compared with previously collected data. The improvement in the performance resulting from the addition of a piston type compressor with an external motor belt drive is then evaluated. Data collected points to the potentially improved operating performance of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility. Data shows that the seasonal percent of space heating load supplied by solar is 60% and the seasonal percent cost of space heating load supplied by solar is 82% with a solar collection coefficient of performance of 4.6. Data also indicates that such a system would pay for itself in 14 years when used in Northwest Ohio.

Eltimsahy, A.H.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Value based analysis of acquisition portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, program-funding allocation is based on program performance. Funding cuts commonly lead to a poor reflection on the program management assigned to the given program. If additional factors such as program risk and ...

Burgess, Cheri Nicole Markt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

A value-based review process for prioritizing artifacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a new contribution to Value-based V&V process development, a systematic and multi-criteria process is proposed to quantitatively determine the Value-based V&V artifact priority that reviewers can follow for their reviews. This process enables ... Keywords: review, validation, value-based software engineering, verification

Qi Li; Barry Boehm; Ye Yang; Qing Wang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 21, 2009 ... Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation for ... The EFV curves are used to define bid prices on bundles of resources ...

11

Potential Economic Value of Ensemble-Based Surface Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possible economic value of the quantification of uncertainty in future ensemble-based surface weather forecasts is investigated using a formal, idealized decision model. Current, or baseline, weather forecasts are represented by probabilistic ...

Daniel S. Wilks; Thomas M. Hamill

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Value-Based Maintenance Grid for Assessing Work Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Value-Based Maintenance Grid is a tool that assesses maintenance processes in fossil power plants. Reliability Management Group (RMG) and EPRI jointly developed the grid in 1995. It is based on RMG's Reliability Management Grid, a tool RMG has used successfully in other competitive industries such as manufacturing and refining.

1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

13

Performance improvement of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak electric auxiliary. Semi-annual progress report, June 18, 1979-December 31, 1979  

SciTech Connect

During the period 18 June 1979 through December 1979, a solar assisted heat pump system was designed, installed and operated in the University of Toledo Experimental Solar House. The heat pump system is capable of operating in a wide range of temperatures which is needed in a solar house utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility. The complete system consists of 584.1 square feet of Libbey-Owens-Ford's flat plate solar collectors, a 5 horsepower compressor (Victaulic Corp.), an evaporator (Dunham-Bush), a condensor (Dunham-Bush), thermal storage units, and associated equipment. During the installation and initial operation of the system, numerous aspects of the feasibility of this system design have been evaluated. Many of these aspects point to the potentially improved operating performance of a solar heating system utilizing off-peak storage from the electric utility.

Eltimsahy, A.H.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The use of probability techniques in value-based planning  

SciTech Connect

Present techniques used in value-based planning do not properly represent neither the durations of capacity outage nor the effects of outage on post-interruption demand. Generation outage models do not relate the expected quantum of shortages to particular durations of outage. A model is proposed to compute this expectation by using the generator outage statistics in its entirety. The application of this model to the IEEE test system gave different results, depending on which outage cost data were used. Consequently, there is a need for a uniform procedure to report outage costs. A bottom-up procedure based on end use is proposed as a possibility.

Rau, N.S. (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Defining and Computing a Value Based Cyber-Security Measure  

SciTech Connect

In past work, we presented a value based measure of cybersecurity that quantifies the security of a system in concrete terms, specifically, in terms of how much each system stakeholder stands to lose (in dollars per hour of operation) as a result of security threats and system vulnerabilities\\; our metric varies according to the stakes that each stakeholder has in meeting each security requirement. In this paper we discuss the specification and design of a system that collects, updates and maintains all the information that pertains to estimating our cybersecurity measure, and offers stakeholders quantitative means to make security-related decisions.

Aissa, Anis Ben [University of Tunis, Belvedere, Tunisia; Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL; Mili, Ali [New Jersey Insitute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Added Value of Reliability to a Microgrid: Simulations of Three California Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model is used to estimate the value an Oakland nursing home, a Riverside high school, and a Sunnyvale data center would need to put on higher electricity service reliability for them to adopt a Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions Microgrid (CM) based on economics alone. A fraction of each building's load is deemed critical based on its mission, and the added cost of CM capability to meet it added to on-site generation options. The three sites are analyzed with various resources available as microgrid components. Results show that the value placed on higher reliability often does not have to be significant for CM to appear attractive, about 25 $/kWcdota and up, but the carbon footprint consequences are mixed because storage is often used to shift cheaper off-peak electricity to use during afternoon hours in competition with the solar sources.

Marnay, Chris; Lai, Judy; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintaining Activity-based Cost Estimates with Feature-Based2004). “Effective Cost Estimate and Construction Processesof new designs. These cost estimates are inflated by the

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Decisions Based upon Multiple Values: The BVG Agent Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even a simple artificial agent will have to make decisions and consider their consequences. An agent can achieve this by evaluating situations along several dimensions. The BVG (Beliefs, Values and Goals) architecture is a means to build up such an evaluation ...

Luis Antunes; Helder Coelho

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Rule-Based prediction of rare extreme values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a rule learning method that obtains models biased towards a particular class of regression tasks. These tasks have as main distinguishing feature the fact that the main goal is to be accurate at predicting rare extreme values of ...

Rita Ribeiro; Luís Torgo

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Information kiosk based Indian e-governance service delivery: value chain based measurement and acceptance modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globally, e-governance systems are evolving towards wider acceptance. Almost all the countries have embraced e-governance as part of their long term policy. Contemporary e-governance implementation efforts however, are not free from challenges. While ... Keywords: e-governance, information kiosk based services, modeling citizen acceptance, user centered services, user interfaces, value chain

Harekrishna Misra

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Point-Based Value Iteration for Continuous POMDPs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel approach to optimize Partially Observable Markov Decisions Processes (POMDPs) defined on continuous spaces. To date, most algorithms for model-based POMDPs are restricted to discrete states, actions, and observations, but many real-world ...

Josep M. Porta; Nikos Vlassis; Matthijs T.J. Spaan; Pascal Poupart

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Leveraging value locality in optimizing NAND flash-based SSDs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NAND flash-based solid-state drives (SSDs) are increasingly being deployed in storage systems at different levels such as buffer-caches and even secondary storage. However, the poor reliability and performance offered by these SSDs for write-intensive ...

Aayush Gupta; Raghav Pisolkar; Bhuvan Urgaonkar; Anand Sivasubramaniam

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A Malaysian Case Study on the Transmission Expansion/Investment Using Value-Based Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of Incentive Based Regulation as the tariff framework in Malaysia's Electricity Supply Industry calls for efficiency in the creation of a new asset while meeting the required reliability. In line with the new regulatory framework, Tenaga ... Keywords: asset management, incentive based regulation, life cycle cost, value-based approach, reliability

Joon Ibrahim, Nor Ziha Zainol Abidin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

SkimpyStash: RAM space skimpy key-value store on flash-based storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present SkimpyStash, a RAM space skimpy key-value store on flash-based storage, designed for high throughput, low latency server applications. The distinguishing feature of SkimpyStash is the design goal of extremely low RAM footprint at about 1 (± ... Keywords: flash memory, indexing, key-value store, log-structured index., ram space efficient index

Biplob Debnath; Sudipta Sengupta; Jin Li

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Adaptive stream filters for entity-based queries with non-value tolerance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of applying adaptive filters for approximate query processing in a distributed stream environment. We propose filter bound assignment protocols with the objective of reducing communication cost. Most previous works focus on value-based ...

Reynold Cheng; Ben Kao; Sunil Prabhakar; Alan Kwan; Yicheng Tu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Synthesis of Enterprise and Value-Based Methods for Multiattribute Risk Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a method for performing multiattribute decision analysis to prioritize ap-proaches to handling risks during the development and operation of complex socio-technical systems. The method combines risk categorization based on enterprise views, risk prioritization of the categories based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), and more standard probability-consequence ratings schemes. We also apply value-based testing me-thods used in software development to prioritize risk-handling approaches. We describe a tool that synthesizes the methods and performs a multiattribute analysis of the technical and pro-grammatic risks on the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) enterprise.

C. Robert Kenley; John W. Collins; John M. Beck; Harold J. Heydt; Chad B. Garcia

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The effects of aircraft noise at Williams Air Force Base Auxiliary Field on residential property values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report considers the environmental consequences of moving the flight training operations of the US Air Force's 82nd Flying Training Wing from the auxiliary airfield, Coolidge-Florence Municipal Airport (CFMA), to a more remote location in Pinal County, Arizona. It examines how actual noise from touch-and-go flights of T-37 aircraft and perceived (anticipated) noise affect the market value of residential property near CFMA. Noise, measured by a noise index, is correlated with market values through a regression analysis applied to a hedonic price model of the Coolidge-Florence housing market. Prices and characteristics of 42 residential properties sold in 1987 and 1988 were used to estimate a perceived noise effect. The report finds that the coefficient on the measure of perceived noise, based on the noise exposure forecast (NEF) index, is statistically insignificant, even though the sign and value are consistent with those estimated in other studies. It concludes that current flights do not have a significant effect on residential property values, partially because there is no housing near CFMA. This and larger studies indicate that flight operations at a new auxiliary airfield would not affect property values if runways were at least 12,000 feet away from housing. 12 refs., 2 tabs.

Morey, M.J.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Coherence-based multivariate analysis of high frequency stock market values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper tackles the problem of deriving a topological structure among stock prices from high frequency historical values. Similar studies using low frequency data have already provided valuable insights. However, in those cases data need to be collected for a longer period and then they have to be detrended. An effective technique based on averaging a metric function on short subperiods of the observation horizon is suggested. Since a standard correlation-based metric is not capable of catching dependencies at different time instants, it is not expected to perform the best when dealing with high frequency data. Hence, the choice of a more suitable metric is discussed. In particular, a coherence-based metric is proposed, for it is able to detect any possible linear relation between two times series, even at different time instants. The averaging technique is employed to analyze a set of 100 high volume stocks of the New York Stock Exchange, observed during March 2008.

Donatello Materassi; Giacomo Innocenti

2008-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

29

Value-of-Information based Middleware for Autonomic Querying of Distributed Sensor Databases  

SciTech Connect

With particular focus on distributed situational awareness in defense and security applications, we propose a value-of-information based middleware framework as a paradigm shift from crawl-index based centralized search. The proposed approach seeks to improve efficiency in search and retrieval by transforming sensors into programmable information points and enabling ubiquitous data and software flows through the infrastructure of the distributed network. We explain the different components of such a middleware framework to organize, tag and notify emerging spatial, temporal and causal patterns from the sensor measurements. We conclude the paper with a brief discussion on the top-down programming model that can realize the framework as a reconfigurable sensor query system.

Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Assessing the Value of Regulation Resources Based on Their Time Response Characteristics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fast responsive regulation resources are potentially more valuable as a power system regulation resource (more efficient) because they allow applying controls at the exact moment and in the exact amount as needed. Faster control is desirable because it facilitates more reliable compliance with the NERC Control Performance Standards at relatively lesser regulation capacity procurements. The current California ISO practices and markets do not provide a differentiation among the regulation resources based on their speed of response (with the exception of some minimum ramping capabilities). Some demand response technologies, including some generation and energy storage resources, can provide quicker control actions. California ISO practices and markets could be updated to welcome more fast regulation resources into the California ISO service area. The project work reported in this work was pursuing the following objectives: • Develop methodology to assess the relative value of generation resources used for regulation and load following California ISO functions • This assessment should be done based on physical characteristics including the ability to quickly change their output following California ISO signals • Evaluate what power is worth on different time scales • Analyze the benefits of new regulation resources to provide effective compliance with the mandatory NERC Control Performance Standards • Evaluate impacts of the newly proposed BAAL and FRR standards on the potential value of fast regulation and distributed regulation resources • Develop a scope for the follow-up projects to pave a road for the new efficient types of balancing resources in California. The work included the following studies: • Analysis of California ISO regulating units characteristics • California ISO automatic generation system (AGC) analysis • California ISO regulation procurement and market analysis • Fast regulation efficiency analysis • Projection of the California ISO load following and regulation requirements into the future • Value of fast responsive resources depending on their ramping capability • Potential impacts of the balancing authority area control error limit (BAAL), which is a part of the newly proposed NERC standard “Balancing Resources and Demand” • Potential impacts of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) frequency responsive reserve (FRR) standard • Recommendations for the next phase of the project. The following main conclusions and suggestions for the future have been made: • The analysis of regulation ramping requirements shows that the regulation system should be able to provide ramps of at least 40-60 MW per minute for a period up to 6 minutes. • Evaluate if changes are needed in the California ISO AGC system to effectively accommodate new types of fast regulation resources and minimize the California ISO regulation procurement. • California ISO may consider creating better market opportunities for and incentives for fast responsive resources. • An additional study of low probability high ramp events can be recommended to the California ISO. • The California ISO may be willing to consider establishing a more relaxed target CPS2 compliance level. • A BAAL-related study can be recommended for the California ISO as soon as more clarity is achieved concerning the actual enforcement of the BAAL standard and its numerical values for the California ISO. The study may involve an assessment of advantages of the distributed frequency-based control for the California ISO system. The market-related issues that arise in this connection can be also investigated. • A FRR-related study can be recommended for the California ISO as soon as more clarity is achieved concerning the actual enforcement of the FRR standard and its numerical values for the California ISO.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai; Ma, Jian; Nguyen, Tony B.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Multivariate Analysis of Real Option Value Based on Grey Relational Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real option value is determined by a variety of uncertain factors. It is very important to assess the intensity and importance of these factors affecting the real option value for investment decision makers. In this paper, the real option value system ... Keywords: real option value, multivariate analysis, grey relational model, optimization

Zheng-Xin Wang; Ling-ling Pei

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Multi Robot Cooperation Based on Auction Theory With a Value Map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Task List, the total cost and utility values arefrom List 3. Evaluate initial cost and compute utility 4.

Pozo, Angello

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The equivalence of uniform and Shapley value-based cost allocations in a specific game  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper concerns the possible equivalence of the Shapley value and other allocations in specific games. For a group buying game with a linear quantity discount schedule, the uniform allocation results in the same cost allocation as the Shapley value. ... Keywords: Cooperative game, Core, Group buying, Shapley value, Uniform cost allocation

Rachel R. Chen; Shuya Yin

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Development of an interval-valued fuzzy linear-programming method based on infinite ?-cuts for water resources management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An interval-valued fuzzy linear-programming (IVFL) method based on infinite @a-cuts is developed for water resources management in this study. The introduction of interval parameters and interval-valued fuzzy parameters into the objective function and ... Keywords: Agricultural irrigation, Fuzzy linear-programming, Infinite ?-cuts, Interval, Uncertainty, Water resources

H. W. Lu; G. H. Huang; L. He

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

2012 Special Issue: Orthogonal least squares based complex-valued functional link network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional link networks are single-layered neural networks that impose nonlinearity in the input layer using nonlinear functions of the original input variables. In this paper, we present a fully complex-valued functional link network (CFLN) with multivariate ... Keywords: Complex-valued neural network, Function approximation, Functional link network, Multivariate polynomial, Orthogonal least squares

Md. Faijul Amin; Ramasamy Savitha; Muhammad Ilias Amin; Kazuyuki Murase

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Research on Resource Value Flow Accounting Based on Circular Economy for Coal-fired Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the methodology of resource value flow accounting developed for a study which combined material flow analysis?MFA? for the coal-fired power generation plant, in order to shed light on concepts such as resource productivity ... Keywords: Circular economy, Coal-fired power plant, Material flow analysis, Resource value flow accounting

Xie Zhiming; Yi Xuan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Technical-Economic Calculation of Gas Pipeline Network Based on Value Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By technical-economic calculation of the gas pipeline network, the economic diameter can be determined and the project investment can be saved. According to the principle of value engineering, a mathematical model is constructed for technical-economic ... Keywords: value engineering, gas pipeline network, function analysis, technical-economic calculation

Liu Jiayou; Zhao Yanxin

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The added value of task and ontology-based markup for information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, we investigate how retrieving information can be improved through task-related indexing of documents based on ontologies. Different index types, varying from content-based keywords to structured task-based indexing ontologies, are compared ...

Suzanne Kabel; Robert de Hoog; Bob J. Wielinga; Anjo Anjewierden

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

High-performance batteries for off-peak energy storage and electric-vehicle propulsion. Progress report, January--June 1975. [Li--Al/KCl--LiCl/Fe sulfide, 42 kWh  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the research and management efforts, for the period January--June 1975, of Argonne National Laboratory's program on high-performance lithium/metal sulfide batteries. The batteries are being developed for two applications, off-peak energy storage in electric utility networks and electric-vehicle propulsion. The battery design for the two applications differ, particularly in cell configuration and electrode design, because of the differing performance requirements. The present cells are vertically oriented, prismatic cells with two negative electrodes of a solid lithium--aluminium alloy, a central positive electrode of iron sulfide (FeS/sub 2/ or FeS), and an electrolyte of LiCl--KCl eutectic (mp, 352/sup 0/C). The operating temperature of the cells is about 400--450/sup 0/C. Recent effort in the development of engineering-scale cells was focused on designing and fabricating vertically oriented, prismatic cells and on improving the lifetime capabilities of cells. Work on electrode development was directed toward the evaluation of the factors that influence the performance of the negative electrode and the development of new designs of vertical, prismatic iron sulfide electrodes. Materials studies included work on improving feedthroughs and separators, corrosion tests of candidate materials of construction, and postoperative examinations of cells. Cell chemistry studies included continuing investigations of cell reactions and the identification of advanced cell systems. Battery development work included the design of a battery for an electric automobile and the development of battery components. The transfer of Li--Al/FeS/sub x/ battery technology to industry is being implemented through contracts with industrial firms for the manufacture of components, electrodes, and cells.

Not Available

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Definition: Off-Peak | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Prediction of Aortic Diameter Values in Healthy Turkish Infants, Children and Adolescents Via Adaptive Network Based Fuzzy Inference System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aorta diameter size one of the cardiac value is very important to guess for child before adult age, due to growing up body. In conventional method, the experts use curve charts to decide whether their measured aortic diameter size is normal or not. ... Keywords: ANFIS, Aortic Diameter, Line Base Normalization Method, Prediction

Bayram Akdemir; Salih Güne?; Bülent Oran

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

The value of information in financial markets: An agent-based simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results on simulations of a stock market with heterogeneous, cumulative information setup. We find a non-monotonic behaviour of traders' returns as a function of their information level. Particularly, the average informed agents underperform random traders; only the most informed agents are able to beat the market. We also study the effect of a strategy updating mechanism, when traders have the possibility of using other pieces of information than the fundamental value. These results corroborate the latter ones: it is only for the most informed player that it is rewarding to stay fundamentalist. The simulations reproduce some stylized facts of tick-by-tick stock-exchange data and globally show informational efficiency.

Toth, Bence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Value of Government Mandated Location-Based Services in Emergencies in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adoption of mobile technologies for emergency management has the capacity to save lives. In Australia in February 2009, the Victorian Bushfires claimed 173 lives, the worst peace-time disaster in the nation's history. The Australian government responded ... Keywords: Emergency Alert, Emergency Declaration, Emergency Response, Emergency Warning, Location-Based Services, National Security, Public Policy, Regulation, Socio-Ethics, Standards

Katina Michael; Roba Abbas; Anas Aloudat; Mutaz Al-Debei

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 Figure 2. Natural Gas Price Forward7 Figure 4. Gas-Daily Natural Gas Price Index (New Yorkand off-peak) and natural gas prices, the volatility term

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Prognostic Value of Prevertebral Space Involvement in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Based on Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic significance of prevertebral space involvement (PSI) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods and Materials: A retrospective review of data from 506 biopsy-proven, nonmetastatic NPCs was performed. Patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging examinations and received IMRT as their primary treatment. Results: In this series, 161 NPC patients (31.8%) had PSI. Parapharyngeal space (p < 0.001), skull base (p < 0.001), and paranasal sinuses (p = 0.009) were associated with PSI after multivariate analysis. The 4-year overall survival (OS), local relapse-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) for NPC patients with and without PSI was 69.1% and 89.2% (p < 0.0001), 83.9% and 96.4% (p < 0.0001), and 71.6% and 89.6% (p < 0.0001), respectively. Multivariate analysis identified PSI as an independent negative prognostic factor for both OS (HR = 1.478-4.380; p = 0.001) and DMFS (HR = 1.389-4.174; p = 0.002). Patients with PSI had similar survival rates in OS and DMFS (p = 0.241 and p = 0.493, respectively) to that of T4 disease, while the differences between PSI and T3 disease in both OS and DMFS were distinctly significant (p = 0.029 and p = 0.029, respectively). Conclusions: For NPC patients treated with IMRT, PSI was found to be an independent prognostic factor for both OS and DMFS. It seems reasonable that PSI should be classified as a T4 disease on the basis of the current American Joint Committee on Cancer staging classification criteria.

Zhou Guanqun; Mao YanPing; Chen Lei; Li Wenfei [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Liu Lizhi [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Imaging Diagnosis and Interventional Center, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Sun Ying; Chen Yong [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Tian Li [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Imaging Diagnosis and Interventional Center, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Lin Aihua [Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Li Li [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Imaging Diagnosis and Interventional Center, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); and others

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Value Centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value centers identify the over-reaching themes, initiatives, and opportunities in alignment with the strategic goals of AOCS. Value Centers AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats governing board hist

47

Standard CMOS Implementation of a Multiple-Valued Logic Signed-Digit Adder Based on Negative Differential-Resistance Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents MOS-NDR, a new prototyping technique for multiple-valued logic circuits combining MOS transistors and multipeak negative differential-resistance (NDR) devices such as resonant-tunneling diodes (RTDs). MOS-NDR emulates the folded current-voltage ... Keywords: signed-digit adder, redundant number systems, negative differential-resistance devices, NDR devices, resonant-tunneling diodes, RTDs, multiple-valued logic

Alejandro F. Gonzalez; Mayukh Bhattacharya; Shriram Kulkarni; Pinaki Mazumder

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

VALUE STUDY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF CONTRACT RESOURCES AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SEPTEMBER 2008 UPDATE BY: AON CONSULTING INC. FEBRUARY 1999 UPDATED SEPTEMBER 29, 2008 VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts...................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Purpose................................................................................................................................................... 4

49

Production of coal-based fuels and value-added products: coal to liquids using petroleum refinery streams  

SciTech Connect

We are studying several processes that utilize coal, coal-derived materials, or biomass in existing refining facilities. A major emphasis is the production of a coal-based replacement for JP-8 jet fuel. This fuel is very similar to Jet A and jet A-1 in commercial variation, so this work has significant carry-over into the private sector. We have been focusing on three processes that would be retrofitted into a refinery: (1) coal tar/refinery stream blending and hydro-treatment; (2) coal extraction using refinery streams followed by hydro-treatment; and (3) co-coking of coal blended with refinery streams. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Clifford, C.E.B.; Schobert, H.H. [Pennsylvania State University, PA (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Membrane-Based Energy Efficient Dewatering of Microalgae in Biofuels Production and Recovery of Value Added Co-Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to describe the use of membranes for energy efficient biomass harvesting and dewatering. We have evaluated the dewatering of Nannochloropsis sp. with polymeric hollow fiber and tubular inorganic membranes to demonstrate the capabilities of a membrane-based system to achieve microalgal biomass of >150 g/L (dry wt.) and ~99% volume reduction through dewatering. The particle free filtrate containing the growth media is suitable for recycle and reuse. For cost-effective processing, hollow fiber membranes can be utilized to recover 90-95% media for recycle. Tubular membranes can provide additional media and water recovery to achieve target final concentrations. Based on the operating conditions used in this study and taking into scale-up considerations, it can be shown that an integrated hollow fiber-tubular membrane system can process microalgal biomass with at least 80% lower energy requirement compared to traditional processes. Backpulsing was found to be an effective flux maintenance strategy to minimize flux decline at high biomass concentration. An effective chemical cleaning protocol was developed for regeneration of fouled membranes.

Bhave, Ramesh R [ORNL; Kuritz, Tanya [ORNL; Powell, Lawrence E [ORNL; Adcock, Kenneth Dale [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Summary of Time Period-Based and Other Approximation Methods for Determining the Capacity Value of Wind and Solar in the United States: September 2010 - February 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper updates previous work that describes time period-based and other approximation methods for estimating the capacity value of wind power and extends it to include solar power. The paper summarizes various methods presented in utility integrated resource plans, regional transmission organization methodologies, regional stakeholder initiatives, regulatory proceedings, and academic and industry studies. Time period-based approximation methods typically measure the contribution of a wind or solar plant at the time of system peak - sometimes over a period of months or the average of multiple years.

Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Content Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies and prioritizes emergent themes impacting AOCS members and other professionals involved with fats, oils and other bio-based sources. Content Value Center Governing Board annual aocs AOCS Governing Board fats history information materials oils

53

Off-peak cooling using phase change material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric utilities in the United States are faced with continued rapid growth in electrical demand. The traditional response to growth in demand has been the expansion of generating capacity. However, economic, ...

Benton, Charles Crisp

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Value based software reuse investment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of issues are covered in this paper. Chief among them is the need for greater discipline in understanding the economic benefits of software reuse within the context of a broader business strategy. While traditional methods fail ...

John M. Favaro; Kenneth R. Favaro; Paul F. Favaro

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Automated Demand Response: The Missing Link in the Electricity Value Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

promise in reducing the electricity demand of the industrialchanges the time of electricity demand to off-peak hours.Load shedding curtails electricity demand during a DR event.

McKane, Aimee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Study on Real Options Model of Operating Capital Value of Generator for Spinning Reserve and Risk Assessment Based on Monte Carlo Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity market has complex market rules, and its operation with great uncertainty. In this paper, the real options model of operating capital value of generator for spinning reserve is constructed under uncertainty market conditions including uncertainty ...

Xin Ma

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Technical analysis : neural network based pattern recognition of technical trading indicators, statistical evaluation of their predictive value and a historical overview of the field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the kernel regression based pattern recognition algorithm designed by Lo, Mamaysky, and Wang (2000) to extract nonlinear patterns from the noisy price data, and develop an analogous neural network based one. We ...

Hasanhodzic, Jasmina, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Aqueous Solvation Free Energies of Ions and Ion?Water Clusters Based on an Accurate Value for the Absolute Aqueous Solvation Free Energy of the Proton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TITLE RUNNING HEAD: Aqueous solvation free energies of ions and ion?water clusters Abstract: Thermochemical cycles that involve pKa, gas-phase acidities, aqueous solvation free energies of neutral species, and gas-phase clustering free energies have been used with the cluster pair approximation to determine the absolute aqueous solvation free energy of the proton. The best value obtained in this work is in good agreement with the value reported by Tissandier et al. (Tissandier, M. D.; Cowen, K. A.;

Christopher J. Cramer; Donald G. Truhlar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Impact of Wind and Solar on the Value of Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

This analysis evaluates how the value of energy storage changes when adding variable generation (VG) renewable energy resources to the grid. A series of VG energy penetration scenarios from 16% to 55% were generated for a utility system in the western United States. This operational value of storage (measured by its ability to reduce system production costs) was estimated in each VG scenario, considering provision of different services and with several sensitivities to fuel price and generation mix. Overall, the results found that the presence of VG increases the value of energy storage by lowering off-peak energy prices more than on-peak prices, leading to a greater opportunity to arbitrage this price difference. However, significant charging from renewables, and consequently a net reduction in carbon emissions, did not occur until VG penetration was in the range of 40%-50%. Increased penetration of VG also increases the potential value of storage when providing reserves, mainly by increasing the amount of reserves required by the system. Despite this increase in value, storage may face challenges in capturing the full benefits it provides. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials, reserve prices, and incomplete capture of certain system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit (reduction in production costs) provided to the system. Furthermore, it is unclear how storage will actually incentivize large-scale deployment of renewables needed to substantially increase VG penetration. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Valuing Mutual Fund Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Valuing Mutual Fund Companies 1 Jacob Boudoukh a , Matthew1a Valuing Mutual Fund Companies ABSTRACT Combining insightsdata from the Investment Company Institute. Given the size

Boudoukh, Jacob; Richardson, Matthew; Stanton, Richard; Whitelaw, Robert F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Generating multivariate extreme value distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define in a probabilistic way a parametric family of multivariate extreme value distributions. We derive its copula, which is a mixture of several complete dependent copulas and total independent copulas, and the bivariate tail dependence and extremal coefficients. Based on the obtained results for these coefficients, we propose a method to built multivariate extreme value distributions with prescribed tail/extremal coefficients. We illustrate the results with examples of simulation of these distributions.

Ferreira, Helena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Networking Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies opportunities and structures that foster networking amongst participants for the purpose of building value into the experience. Networking Value Center AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fat

63

The Value Analysis Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...T.C. Fowler, Value Analysis in Materials Selection and Design, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook,

64

Complex values in Smalltalk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinguishing between stateful objects and Values has long been recognized as fruitful. Values are universal context free abstractions that prevent side-effects and allow for a functional programming style. Though object-oriented programming languages ... Keywords: Smalltalk, functional programming, refactoring, serialization, testability, value objects

Thomas J. Schrader; Christian Haider

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The added value of sustainable design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis contains an extensive literature study on the value of sustainable office buildings. Based on the literature study, a series of interviews amongst actors… (more)

Van den Tol, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Extreme Value Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Recent approaches to extreme value estimation with application to wind speeds. Part II: prediction of extreme winds." Proceedings of the First ...

67

Values-led business.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The issue that is dealt with in this paper is the concept of values-led business. The idea behind the term is that businesses has… (more)

Nyberg, Andreas; Borgh, Anders

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Visualising exemplary program values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an idea of a tool to aid software developers, similar to tracing and software visualization. The tool monitors a running program and log some values of its variables. The exemplary values, chosen by the tool, are later displayed onto the ... Keywords: branches, tracing, variables, visualization

Marcin Stefaniak

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

VALUE ENGINEERING.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS FOLLOW-ON INSPECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S VALUE ENGINEERING PROGRAM DECEMBER 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Follow-on Inspection of the Department of Energy's Value Engineering Program" BACKGROUND Value Engineering is a recognized management tool which, if properly implemented and executed, can streamline operations, improve quality, and reduce costs. Through the use of methodologies such as Value Engineering, Federal agencies are realizing an average of more than $20 in savings/costs avoidance for each dollar spent on performing the value effort.

70

VALUE STUDY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY More Documents & Publications VALUE STUDY...

71

Property Values | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Values Property Values Jump to: navigation, search Maple Ridge Wind Farm. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables, NREL 15240 Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have performed empirical investigations to address typical community concerns about wind energy and property values. Based on the data sample and analysis, "no evidence is found that home prices surrounding wind facilities are consistently, measurably, and significantly affected by either the view of wind facilities or the distance of the home to those facilities. Although the analysis cannot dismiss the possibility that individual homes or small numbers of homes have been or could be negatively impacted, it finds that if these impacts exist, they are either too small and/or too infrequent to

72

The Place Value Game  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Place Value Game Place Value Game Welcome to the Place Value Game! The goal of the Place Value Game is to create the largest possible number from the digits the computer gives you. Unfortunately, the computer will give you each digit one at a time and you won't know what the next number will be. You are not allowed to rearrange any of the digits you have already placed, so think carefully before you lock a number in place! Good luck! You are allowed to select the: Number of Digits - The number of digits in the number you are building. Largest Digit - The largest number the computer is allowed to pick. (9 means that the computer can pick any number from 0 to 9) Number of Discards - The number of extra spaces you get. (2 means that you are allowed to throw away 2 numbers) A JavaScript enabled web browser (Netscape Navigator 4 or Internet Explorer

73

Technical Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies opportunities to increase awareness and utilization of AOCS Technical Services activities and products. Technical Value Center AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats governing board history

74

Displaying Economic Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distinction between forecast quality and economic value in a cost–loss formulation is well known. Also well known is their complex relationship, even with some instances of a reversal between the two, where higher quality is associated with ...

Caren Marzban

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Photovoltaics Value Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goals of this report are to identify best practices in methodologies for estimating the value of distributed PV technologies, identify gaps in existing knowledge, and outline R&D opportunities.

Contreras, J.L.; Frantzis, L.; Blazewicz, S.; Pinault, D.; Sawyer, H.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

month. The Value of Solar rate is based upon several factors* including: loss savings, energy savings, generation capacity savings, fuel price hedge value, transmission and...

77

Value Study Desk Manual  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Contractor Human Resources Policy Division September 26, 2012 UPDATE VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 28, 2008 Update Prepared for: DOE By: Aon Hewitt Inc. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 26, 2012 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts ..................................................................................... 1

78

Measuring wind plant capacity value  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric utility planners and wind energy researchers pose a common question: What is the capacity value of a wind plant? Tentative answers, which can be phrased in a variety of ways, are based on widely varying definitions and methods of calculation. From the utility`s point of view, a resource that has no capacity value also has a reduced economic value. Utility planners must be able to quantify the capacity value of a wind plant so that investment in conventional generating capacity can be potentially offset by the capacity value of the wind plant. Utility operations personnel must schedule its conventional resources to ensure adequate generation to meet load. Given a choice between two resources, one that can be counted on and the other that can`t, the utility will avoid the risky resource. This choice will be reflected in the price that the utility will pay for the capacity: higher capacity credits result in higher payments. This issue is therefore also important to the other side of the power purchase transaction -- the wind plant developer. Both the utility and the developer must accurately assess the capacity value of wind. This article summarizes and evaluates some common methods of evaluating capacity credit. During the new era of utility deregulation in the United States, it is clear that many changes will occur in both utility planning and operations. However, it is my judgement that the evaluation of capacity credit for wind plants will continue to play an important part in renewable energy development in the future.

Milligan, M.R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Economic Value of Veterinary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laboratories such as TVMDL. Without TVMDL's services, Texas would experience both a health and a fiscal crisis Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) works to protect animal and human health through diagnostic testing of samplesEconomic Value of Veterinary Diagnostics Public Investment in Animal Health Testing Yields Economic

80

R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Wall Systems Advanced Wall Systems ORNL Home ASTM Testing BEP Home Related Sites Work With Us Advanced Wall Systems Home Interactive Calculators New Whole Wall R-value Calculators As A Part Of The ORNL Material Database For Whole Building Energy Simulations These calculators are replacing the old Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator. These new versions of the calculator contain many new features and are part of the newly developed Interactive Envelope Materials Database for Whole-Building Energy Simulation Programs. The simple version of the Whole Wall R-value calculator is now available for use. This calculator is similar to the previous Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator and does not require any downloads from the user. However, it was updated to allow calculations for fourteen wall details

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Including values for non-market natural and cultural resources in decision processes present challenges to resource managers. This dissertation uses a place-based resource-driven approach to assess the values associated with non-market resources in a national park. Existing valuation methods produce reliable measures for market resources, but are criticized for their inability to express values beyond uni-dimensional monetary values. Expressed values of park visitors for the natural and cultural resources within a national park are analyzed in order to quantitatively depict multiple dimensions of value for each resource relative to all others. Resulting abstract value-spaces are used to depict stakeholder group values and illustrate shared and unique values that can aid in decision processes. Value spaces are also used to examine the effects of resource losses on expressed values. These are observed through potential impact scenarios and can inform long-range planning and adaptation efforts. This research finds that a two-dimensional value space, representing aesthetic and functional qualities of resources can be formed to depict the values for included resources relative to one another. A core set of resources commonly valued by all major stakeholder groups is easily identifiable. Direct comparisons of value spaces for groups provides clear distinctions between group values for specific resources. Finally, subjecting value spaces to resource loss scenarios, indicates consistent changes in values while patterns of resource values remain stable, which can be used in participation and in conflict resolution efforts. These findings provide previously unobservable insight regarding the similarities and differences of group values and value stability as resource managers seek public input, resolve conflicts and craft long-range resource plans. This methodology establishes a basic framework for assessing relative resource values, non-monetarily, and along multiple dimensions. Value spaces can be used to proactively inform planning and decision processes from initial problem identification, establishment of alternative solutions and through assessments of implementation.

Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

RECOVERY OF URANIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid-liquid extraction method is presented for recovering uranium values from an aqueous acidic solution by means of certain high molecular weight amine in the amine classes of primary, secondary, heterocyclic secondary, tertiary, or heterocyclic tertiary. The uranium bearing aqueous acidic solution is contacted with the selected amine dissolved in a nonpolar water-immiscible organic solvent such as kerosene. The uranium which is substantially completely exiracted by the organic phase may be stripped therefrom by waters and recovered from the aqueous phase by treatment into ammonia to precipitate ammonium diuranate.

Brown, K.B.; Crouse, D.J. Jr.; Moore, J.G.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

84

Towards estimating the value of an idea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today software industry lives in a very competitive environment and firms need to improve constantly. One way to achieve this goal can be the introduction of innovative ideas into the products, processes or services of the firms, allowing thus to increase ... Keywords: idea, innovation, software product innovation, value, value-based software engineering

Carlos Fernández; Daniel López; Agustín Yagüe; Juan Garbajosa

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Component Certification - What is the Value?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Component-based software is becoming increasingly popular as a means to create value through improved integration across multiple parts of a plant or business. However, sometimes components that are supposed to be integrated cannot be integrated in the ...

Lars Bratthall; Johan Hasselberg; Brad Hoffman; Zbigniew Korendo; Bruno Schilli; Lars Gundersen

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

VALUES IN PLACE: INTERSECTING VALUES IN RAILS TO TRAILS LANDSCAPES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation is a study of the values and meanings people attach to places and why exploring those values is important in trails and historic… (more)

Brownell, Lisa Rainey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

PVLV: The Primary Value and Learned Value Pavlovian Learning Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Colorado at Boulder The authors present their primary value learned value (PVLV) model robust to variability in the environment. The primary value (PV) system controls performance and learning during primary rewards, whereas the learned value (LV) system learns about conditioned stimuli. The PV

O'Reilly, Randall C.

88

Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of utilizing an EV compared to other automobiles. Such policies include subsides on EVs and/or homebase

Holsinger, Kent

89

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study - Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHEVs have been the subject of growing interest in recent years because of their potential for reduced operating costs, oil displacement, national security, and environmental benefits. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The study Objectives are: (1) To identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome the initial price premium relative to comparable ICEs and HEVs and (2) to assess other non-monetary benefits and barriers associated with an emerging PHEV fleet, including environmental, societal, and grid impacts. Study results indicate that a single PHEV-30 on the road in 2030 will: (1) Consume 65% and 75% less gasoline than a comparable HEV and ICE, respectively; (2) Displace 7.25 and 4.25 barrels of imported oil each year if substituted for equivalent ICEs and HEVs, respectively, assuming 60% of the nation's oil consumed is imported; (3) Reduce net ownership cost over 10 years by 8-10% relative to a comparable ICE and be highly cost competitive with a comparable HEV; (4) Use 18-22% less total W2W energy than a comparable ICE, but 8-13% more than a comparable HEV (assuming a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030); and (5) Emit 10% less W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in southern California and emits 13% more W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in the ECAR region. This also assumes a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030. PHEVs and other plug-in vehicles on the road in 2030 may offer many valuable benefits to utilities, business owners, individual consumers, and society as a whole by: (1) Promoting national energy security by displacing large volumes of imported oil; (2) Supporting a secure economy through the expansion of domestic vehicle and component manufacturing; (3) Offsetting the vehicle's initial price premium with lifetime operating cost savings (e.g., lower fuel and maintenance costs); (4) Supporting the use of off-peak renewable energy through smart charging practices. However, smart grid technology is not a prerequisite for realizing the benefits of PHEVs; and (5) Potentially using its bidirectional electricity flow capability to aid in emergency situations or to help better manage a building's or entire grid's load.

Sikes, Karen [Sentech, Inc.; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; McGill, Ralph N [ORNL; Cleary, Timothy [Sentech, Inc.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Potential value of Cs-137 capsules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We determined the value of Cs-137 compared to Co-60 as a source for the irradiation of fruit (apples and cherries), pork and medical supplies. Cs-137, in the WESF capsule form, had a value of approximately $0.40/Ci as a substitute for Co-60 priced at approximately $1.00/Ci. The comparison was based on the available curies emitted from the surface of each capsule. We developed preliminary designs for fourteen irradiation facilities; seven were based on Co-60 and seven were based on Cs-137. These designs provided the basis for estimating capital and operating costs which, in turn, provided the basis for determining the value of Cs-137 relative to Co-60 in these applications. We evaluated the effect of the size of the irradiation facility on the value of Cs-137. The cost of irradiation is low compared to the value of the product. Irradiation of apples for disinfestation costs $.01 to .02 per pound. Irradiation for trichina-safe pork costs $.02 per pound. Irradiation of medical supplies for sterilization costs $.07 to .12 per pound. The cost of the irradiation source, either Co-60 or Cs-137, contributed only a minor amount to the total cost of irradiation, about 5% for the fruit and hog cases and about 20% for the medical supply cases. We analyzed the sensitivity of the irradiation costs and Cs-137 value to several key assumptions.

Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Hazelton, R.F.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lezberg, A.J.; Tingey, G.L.; Wilfert, G.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The Value of Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

Webster, Mort David.

92

Capacity Value of Solar Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluating the capacity value of renewable energy sources can pose significant challenges due to their variable and uncertain nature. In this paper the capacity value of solar power is investigated. Solar capacity value metrics and their associated calculation methodologies are reviewed and several solar capacity studies are summarized. The differences between wind and solar power are examined, the economic importance of solar capacity value is discussed and other assessments and recommendations are presented.

Duignan, Roisin; Dent, Chris; Mills, Andrew; Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Keane, Andrew; O'Malley, Mark

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

93

Value Modeling of Customer Satisfaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses a topic of central importance in asset management: the development and use of value models. Value models translate corporate goals into operational measures for use in decision making, such as decisions regarding resource allocation, capital investment, and OM budgeting. In particular, this report deals with modeling the value of customer satisfaction and provides practical guidance on how to use information available in utility customer satisfaction studies to develop value models....

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

94

Quantum physics and human values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the following concepts: the quantum conception of nature; the quantum conception of man; and the impact upon human values. (LSP).

Stapp, H.P.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

NULL 'Value' Algebras and Logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NULL is a special marker used in SQL to indicate that a value for an attribute of an object does not exist in the database. Its aim is a representation of “missing information and inapplicable information”. Although NULL is called null 'value' ...

Bernhard Thalheim; Klaus-Dieter Schewe

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Conditional Value-at-Risk and Average Value-at-Risk: Estimation and Asymptotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss linear regression approaches to the estimation of law-invariant conditional risk measures. Two estimation procedures are considered and compared; one is based on residual analysis of the standard least-squares method, and the other is in the ... Keywords: M-estimators, average value-at-risk, conditional risk measures, law-invariant risk measures, least-squares residuals, linear regression, quantile regression, statistical inference, value-at-risk

So Yeon Chun; Alexander Shapiro; Stan Uryasev

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Core Values | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Values Core Values Core Values People - People are our most important resource. We respect and use our experience and skills and appreciate our diversity. Business Excellence - We are fiscally responsible and actively pursue best business practices. Safety - We protect our human and material resources and promote safe work practices within the office and at our sites. Communication - We take full advantage of our virtual organization's strengths and share information freely across all levels of the organization. Leadership and Teamwork - We encourage leadership and teamwork at all levels of the organization. We value active participation and demonstrate respect for each other. Customer Service - We openly communicate with all our customers in a timely manner and actively seek opportunities to improve our services.

98

Market value and patent citations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press, 1987. —, —, and —. “R&D, Patents, and Market ValueStock Market Valuation of R&D Investment during the 1980s. ”1976. Pakes, A. “On Patents, R&D, and the Stock Market Rate

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Jaffe, A; Trajtenberg, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

ISO 14001 EMS VALUE PROPOSITION.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to identify business opportunities and value for Battelle Organizations to undertake IS0 14001 Environmental Management System Implementation and registration to the international standard as a corporate strategic initiative.

BRIGGS,S.L.K.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

100

Examining human values in adopting ubiquitous technology in school  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes value analysis of adopting technology-supported attendance control service in a primary school. The results are based on a case study that explored a 14-week trial where two classes of elementary school children used an attendance ... Keywords: evaluation methods, school attendance control, user experience evaluation, value based design

Minna Isomursu; Mari Ervasti; Marianne Kinnula; Pekka Isomursu

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Michael Jensen

102

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Michael Jensen

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

Capacity Value of Wind Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power systems are planned such that they have adequate generation capacity to meet the load, according to a defined reliability target. The increase in the penetration of wind generation in recent years has led to a number of challenges for the planning and operation of power systems. A key metric for system adequacy is the capacity value of generation. The capacity value of a generator is the contribution that a given generator makes to overall system adequacy. The variable and stochastic nature of wind sets it apart from conventional energy sources. As a result, the modeling of wind generation in the same manner as conventional generation for capacity value calculations is inappropriate. In this paper a preferred method for calculation of the capacity value of wind is described and a discussion of the pertinent issues surrounding it is given. Approximate methods for the calculation are also described with their limitations highlighted. The outcome of recent wind capacity value analyses in Europe and North America are highlighted with a description of open research questions also given.

Keane, Andrew; Milligan, Michael; Dent, Chris; Hasche, Bernhard; DAnnunzio, Claudine; Dragoon, Ken; Holttinen, Hannele; Samaan, Nader A.; Soder, Lennart; O'Malley, Mark J.

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

104

Methods of valuing environmental externalities  

SciTech Connect

Estimating a monetary value for environmental externalities provides an approximation of the societal value of reducing impacts on human health and the environment from electrical energy supply. This method can be used for comparison of resources, including utility and nonutility generation, demand-side management and off-system power purchases. A dollar estimate of the full societal cost of the supply option is established by placing a value on its air, water and terrestrial effects and adding these costs to the option's capital, operating and maintenance costs. This article provides a rationale for monetizing externalities and addresses the strengths and weaknesses of four techniques for monetizing, with examples of the application of each method. The authors preferred technique for incorporating externalities into utility planning in the near term - implied valuation through the estimation of the marginal cost of abatement - is discussed in detail. 2 tabs.

Chernick, P.; Caverhill, E. (Resource Insight, Boston, MA (USA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Magnitude and value of electric vehicle emissions reductions for six driving cycles in four US cities with varying air quality problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The emissions of logically competing mid-1990 gasoline vehicles (GVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are estimated as if the vehicles were driven in the same pattern of driving. Six different driving cycles are evaluated, ranging in speed from 7 to 49 miles per hour (mph). These steps are repeated using specifics of fuel composition, electric power mix, and environmental conditions applicable to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, and New York in the month of July. The year 2000 emissions differences for each of four regulated pollutants - HC, CO, NO{sub x,} SO{sub x} - are estimated. CO{sub 2} emissions are also estimated. With use of EVs, HC and CO emissions are consistently lowered by 98% or more. CO{sub 2} emissions reductions are uniformly large at low speed, but variable at high speed. It is found that initially introduced EVs could achieve 100% emission reductions in Chicago by using off-peak power from nuclear power plants for EV electricity generation. Emissions reductions occur for all combinations in Los Angeles, and for most combinations in New York, excepting SO{sub x}. NO{sub x} emissions are reduced in all four cities. An ``avoided cost`` value for each regulated pollutant is estimated for each of the cities. The values for each city depend on severity of air quality violations. It is estimated that the emissions reduction value of EVs driven an average of one and one half hours per day in Los Angeles ranges from $1050 to $3,900; $590 to $2100 in New York; $270 to $1200 in Chicago, and $330 to $1250 in Denver (1989$). Assuming a range of about 100 miles in congested conditions with speeds of 10 mph or less, the estimates range from $3600 to $13300 for Los Angeles; $2004 to $7200 for New York; $930 to $2930 for Chicago; and $1120 to $4290 for Denver. Low estimates are obtained using EPA`s draft Mobile5 model for GV emissions, high values by using California`s EMFAC7EP-SCF1 model. The dollar value benefit estimates include no economic value.

Wang, Q. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Santini, D.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

Magnitude and value of electric vehicle emissions reductions for six driving cycles in four US cities with varying air quality problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The emissions of logically competing mid-1990 gasoline vehicles (GVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) are estimated as if the vehicles were driven in the same pattern of driving. Six different driving cycles are evaluated, ranging in speed from 7 to 49 miles per hour (mph). These steps are repeated using specifics of fuel composition, electric power mix, and environmental conditions applicable to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, and New York in the month of July. The year 2000 emissions differences for each of four regulated pollutants - HC, CO, NO[sub x,] SO[sub x] - are estimated. CO[sub 2] emissions are also estimated. With use of EVs, HC and CO emissions are consistently lowered by 98% or more. CO[sub 2] emissions reductions are uniformly large at low speed, but variable at high speed. It is found that initially introduced EVs could achieve 100% emission reductions in Chicago by using off-peak power from nuclear power plants for EV electricity generation. Emissions reductions occur for all combinations in Los Angeles, and for most combinations in New York, excepting SO[sub x]. NO[sub x] emissions are reduced in all four cities. An avoided cost'' value for each regulated pollutant is estimated for each of the cities. The values for each city depend on severity of air quality violations. It is estimated that the emissions reduction value of EVs driven an average of one and one half hours per day in Los Angeles ranges from $1050 to $3,900; $590 to $2100 in New York; $270 to $1200 in Chicago, and $330 to $1250 in Denver (1989$). Assuming a range of about 100 miles in congested conditions with speeds of 10 mph or less, the estimates range from $3600 to $13300 for Los Angeles; $2004 to $7200 for New York; $930 to $2930 for Chicago; and $1120 to $4290 for Denver. Low estimates are obtained using EPA's draft Mobile5 model for GV emissions, high values by using California's EMFAC7EP-SCF1 model. The dollar value benefit estimates include no economic value.

Wang, Q. (California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)); Santini, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Median statistics cosmological parameter values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present median statistics central values and ranges for 12 cosmological parameters, using 582 measurements (published during 1990-2010) collected by Croft & Dailey (2011). On comparing to the recent Planck collaboration Ade et al. 2013 estimates of 11 of these parameters, we find good consistency in nine cases.

Crandall, Sara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characteristics, Values, and Metrics Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics DOE Smart Grid Implementation Worksho Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics More...

110

Earned Value Management System RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System Review Module Earned Value Management System Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ea 0 OFFICE OF arned Va C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R alue Man Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan agement view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) t System e pplicability D-3 EMENT (EVMS) CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

111

ADSORPTION METHOD FOR SEPARATING THORIUM VALUES FROM URANIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved ion exchange method is described for recovery of uranium and thorium values as separate functions from an aqueous acidic solution containing less than 10/sup -3/ M thorium ions and between 0.1 and 1 M uranyl ions. The solution is passed through a bed of cation exchange resin in the acid form to adsorb all the thorium ions and a portion of the uranyl ions. The uranium is eluted by means of aqueous 0.1 to 0.4 M sulfuric acid. The thorium may then be stripped from the resin by elution with aqueous 0.5 M oxalic acid.

Boyd, G.E.; Russell, E.R.; Schubert, J.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Measuring industrial energy efficiency: Physical volume versus economic value  

SciTech Connect

This report examines several different measures of industrial output for use in constructing estimates of industrial energy efficiency and discusses some reasons for differences between the measures. Estimates of volume-based measures of output, as well as 3 value-based measures of output (value of production, value of shipments, and value added), are evaluated for 15 separate 4-digit industries. Volatility, simple growth rate, and trend growth rate estimates are made for each industry and each measure of output. Correlations are made between the volume- and value-based measures of output. Historical energy use data are collected for 5 of the industries for making energy- intensity estimates. Growth rates in energy use, energy intensity, and correlations between volume- and value-based measures of energy intensity are computed. There is large variability in growth trend estimates both long term and from year to year. While there is a high correlation between volume- and value-based measures of output for a few industries, typically the correlation is low, and this is exacerbated for estimates of energy intensity. Analysis revealed reasons for these low correlations. It appears that substantial work must be done before reliable measures of trends in the energy efficiency of industry can be accurately characterized.

Freeman, S.L.; Niefer, M.J.; Roop, J.M.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Computing Information Value from RDF Graph Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information value has been implicitly utilized and mostly non-subjectively computed in information retrieval (IR) systems. We explicitly define and compute the value of an information piece as a function of two parameters, the first is the potential semantic impact the target information can subjectively have on its recipient's world-knowledge, and the second parameter is trust in the information source. We model these two parameters as properties of RDF graphs. Two graphs are constructed, a target graph representing the semantics of the target body of information and a context graph representing the context of the consumer of that information. We compute information value subjectively as a function of both potential change to the context graph (impact) and the overlap between the two graphs (trust). Graph change is computed as a graph edit distance measuring the dissimilarity between the context graph before and after the learning of the target graph. A particular application of this subjective information valuation is in the construction of a personalized ranking component in Web search engines. Based on our method, we construct a Web re-ranking system that personalizes the information experience for the information-consumer.

al-Saffar, Sinan; Heileman, Gregory

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

114

Scoping study on trends in the economic value of electricity reliability to the U.S. economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

companies based on reliability of supply, emphasizing the monetary value placed by customers on the number

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Sharing values, sharing a vision  

SciTech Connect

Teamwork, partnership and shared values emerged as recurring themes at the Third Technology Transfer/Communications Conference. The program drew about 100 participants who sat through a packed two days to find ways for their laboratories and facilities to better help American business and the economy. Co-hosts were the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, where most meetings took place. The conference followed traditions established at the First Technology Transfer/Communications Conference, conceived of and hosted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in May 1992 in Richmond, Washington, and the second conference, hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in January 1993 in Golden, Colorado. As at the other conferences, participants at the third session represented the fields of technology transfer, public affairs and communications. They came from Department of Energy headquarters and DOE offices, laboratories and production facilities. Continued in this report are keynote address; panel discussion; workshops; and presentations in technology transfer.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 10/01/2012 State Texas Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and approved by Austin City Council in June 2012, will be available for all past, present and future residential solar customers beginning October 1, 2012. This tariff replaces net billing for residential solar PV systems no larger than 20 kilowatts (kW). Under this new tariff, residential customers will be credited monthly for their solar generation based on the Value of Solar energy generated from

118

Chapter 48 - Value Engineering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are here Home Chapter 48 - Value Engineering Chapter 48 - Value Engineering 48ValueEngineering0.pdf More Documents & Publications CHAPTER 3 Audit Report: OAS-L-07-08...

119

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elemental analysis (cost-per-square-foot) are referred to asTraditional’ models (cost per square foot, elementalunit costs per an area unit (i.e. , $/Square Foot) or per a

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Value of Model Based Analysis in Complex Engineering Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skip messages Jump to page content Jump to page footer LBNL Home Environmental Energy Technologies Division Emergency Contacts Intranet A-Z Index Staff How Do I? License a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Designing to Target Cost. ” 12th Annual Conference of thethe Hurdle of First Cost: Action Research in TargetD.T. (1987). “A Future for Cost Modelling: Building Cost

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFV curves are used to define bid prices on bundles of resources directly, ... bid price is generated for each bundle, and a request to purchase the bundle is ...

123

The Economic Value Of Ensemble-Based Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential economic benefit associated with the use of an ensemble of forecasts versus anequivalent or higher-resolution control forecast is discussed. Neither forecast systems are post-processed,except a simple calibration that is applied to ...

Yuejian Zhu; Zoltan Toth; Richard Wobus; David Richardson; Kenneth Mylne

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Is the pharmaceutical industry ready for value based procurement?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the U.S. news, healthcare related headlines frequent the covers of newspapers and make regular primetime news appearances and the U.S. is not alone. The world is awakening to a need for more equal access to healthcare ...

Anito, Mary E. (Mary Elizabeth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A frequent-value based PRAM memory architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase Change Random Access Memory (PRAM) has great potential as the replacement of DRAM as main memory, due to its advantages of high density, non-volatility, fast read speed, and excellent scalability. However, poor endurance and high write energy appear ...

Guangyu Sun; Dimin Niu; Jin Ouyang; Yuan Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Stakeholder value network analysis for space-based earth observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Earth Science and Applications decadal survey released by the National Research Council in 2007 presents both an ambitious engineering challenge and a challenge for the entire Earth science community to come together ...

Sutherland, Timothy A. (Timothy Alan)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse Jump to: navigation, search The Photovoltaics Value...

128

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

129

CODATA values of the fundamental constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CODATA values of the fundamental physical constants. Summary: ... CODATA Task Group on Fundamental Constants websites at: ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

Energy, power, and office buildings : design and analysis of an off-peak cooling system using structural mass storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the electric utilities face ever increasing peak power production requirements, (mostly from the commercial sector) scheduled "time-of-day" pricing schemes have become imperative. At present, most conservation strategies ...

Mathis, Rory Christopher

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Quantifying the Economic Value of Warranties in the U.S. Server Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We quantify the economic value of hardware base warranties in the U.S. server market to manufacturers, channel intermediaries, and customers. We further decompose the value of a warranty into its insurance value and its price discrimination value, which ... Keywords: insurance, price discrimination, server market, sorting, structural modeling, warranty

Junhong Chu; Pradeep K. Chintagunta

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Understanding human values in adopting new technology-A case study and methodological discussion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a method for understanding and modelling human values in the evaluation of new technology in social settings, and analyses the validity of the proposed method in a specific use case. The method, which is based on the Schwartz universal ... Keywords: Evaluation methods, School attendance control, Schwartz's value model, User experience evaluation, Value based design

Minna Isomursu; Mari Ervasti; Marianne Kinnula; Pekka Isomursu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

What Is the True Value of Forecasts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the economic value of weather and climate forecasts is of tremendous practical importance. Traditional models that have attempted to gauge forecast value have focused on a best-case scenario, in which forecast users are assumed to ...

Antony Millner

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Value Study Desk Manual | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value Desk Manual Value Study Desk Manual More Documents & Publications Cost Study Manual Audit Report: OAS-FS-12-05 DOE Response to 2012 EAC Recommendations - February 2013...

135

On-Line Analysis of Heating Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating value, also called heat content or calorific value, is perhaps the most important coal quality index because it is a direct measure of heat released during combustion. It is a basic coal combustion property and, as such, is included in even the most basic purchasing specifications. This technology review details heating value and its variation. An overview of methods to derive heating value is included, as well as a review of existing and emerging technologies for the determination of the ash con...

1999-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

"Integrated Applications Promotion (IAP) Creating Value,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainability. #12;Energy Challenges: Areas Where Space Provide Added-Value ­ Evolution towards the SmartGrid

137

CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2002* Peter J. Mohr† and Barry N. Taylor ...

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

138

Value Analysis versus Total Quality Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...T.C. Fowler, Value Analysis in Materials Selection and Design, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook,

139

IT-intensive value innovation in the electronic economy: insights from Marshall industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: CIO, IT architecture, Internet, distribution industry, e-business, electronic commerce, electronic economy, electronic value chains, extranet, fast-response, intermediation, intranet, strategic information systems, supply chain management, systems approach, time-based competition, total quality management, value innovation

Omar A. El Sawy; Arvind Malhotra; Sanjay Gosain; Kerry M. Young

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Some Criteria of Decidability for Axiomatic Systems in Three-Valued Logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two criteria of decidability for axiomatic systems based on J.Lukasiewicz's three-valued logic are established. Keywords: Luk-consistent theory, Luk-decidable theory, Luk-theory, Lukcomplete theory, three-valued predicate

I. D. Zaslavsky

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Value-passing CCS with noisy channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value-passing CCS, a full version of Milner's CCS, is a process algebra in which actions consist of sending and receiving values through noiseless communication channels. The full calculus is a succinct yet expressive language for the specification and ... Keywords: Barbed congruence, Bisimilarity, Noisy channel, Probabilistic modal logic, Value-passing CCS

Shuqin Huang; Yongzhi Cao; Hanpin Wang; Wanling Qu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earned Value Earned Value Management Earned Value Management Earned Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule, and technical (scope) accomplishments on a project or task. It provides both the government and contractors the ability to examine detailed schedule information, critical program and technical milestones, and cost data. EVMS Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) - Nov 2013 (pdf) EV Guideline Assessment Templates - (MS Word) DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist - (pdf) DOE EVMS Risk Assessment Matrix - (MS Word) Formulas and Terminology "Gold Card" - Sep 2011 (pdf) APM Road Show Presentation Slides: Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) DOE EVM Guidance

143

ARM - Value-Added Product Status Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status Reports Status Reports Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Value-Added Product Status Reports ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report July 1-September 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report April 1-June 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report January 1-March 31, 2013 (PDF, 268KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report October 1-December 31, 2012 (PDF, 271KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report

144

Contractor Earned Value Management System Certification Status...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Contractor Earned Value Management System Certification Status Contractor Earned...

145

CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2007 ... This site includes internationally agreed upon values for thermodynamic properties of key chemical substances established by the Committee ...

146

WEB RESOURCE: CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) has conducted a project to establish internationally agreed values for the ...

147

CODATA Value: electron volt-hertz relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electron volt-hertz relationship. Value, 2.417 989 348 x 10 14 Hz. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 053 x 10 14 Hz. Relative ...

148

CODATA Value: kilogram-hartree relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-hartree relationship. Value, 2.061 485 968 x 10 34 E h. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 091 x 10 34 E h. Relative ...

149

Berkeley Lab Ethical Values and Conduct  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that we hold the University in trust for the people of the State of California. Our policies, procedures, and standards provide guidance for application of the ethical values...

150

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Extreme Value Analysis of Heart Beat Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have performed an extreme value analysis of the heart beat fluctuations. We have analyzed 24?h ECG time series: by considering both

C. Pennetta; S. Conte

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

What is the VALUE of Nature's Infrastructure?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Infrastructure by acreage & type Utilize recognized payments for each service. Utilize existing Real EstateWhat is the VALUE of Nature's Infrastructure? What are the VALUES of Nature's SERVICES? Bill to double that %age if it is to have a chance of attaining a sustainable economic community. #12; Develop

Demers, Nora Egan

153

Electricity Restructuring and Value-Added Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-46069 Electricity Restructuring and Value- Added Services: Beyond the Hype William Golove under Contract No. DE-AC03- 76SF00098. #12;Electricity Restructuring and Value-Added Services: Beyond with non- residential electricity service customers who have chosen to take service from a retail electric

154

Extracting value from coal mine methane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging US policy to regulate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a cap-and-trade program presents mine managers with a new opportunity to explore and develop methane utilization or abatement projects that generate value from the anodization of carbon offset credits. In addition, the rising focus on US energy security and domestic energy supply is promoting mine managers and engineers to give further consideration to the importance of their methane gas by-products. The market through which coal mine methane offset projects can be developed and carbon offset credits monetized is quickly maturing. While many methane utilization projects have previously been uneconomical, the carbon offset credit market provides a new set of financing tools for mine engineers to capitalize these projects today. Currently , there are two certification programs that have approved project protocols for CMM projects. The Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) offers a methodology approved under the Clean Development Mechanism, the international compliance based offset market under the Kyoto Protocol. The VCS protocol is applicable to projects that combust ventilation air methane (VAM) and methane extracted from pre-and post-mine drainage systems. The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX), which operates a voluntary yet binding cap-and-trade market, also has an approved protocol for CMM projects. CCX's protocol can be applied to projects combusting VAM, and methane extracted from pre-and-post-mine drainage systems, as well as abandoned mines. The article describes two case studies - Developing a gob gas utilization project financed by carbon offset credits and First VAM oxidation system to be commissioned at an operating mine in the US. 1 tab., 4 photos.

Liebert, B. [Verdao Group (United States)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

On the assessment of the strategic value of information technologies: conceptual and analytical approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares two conceptual (resource-centered and contingency-based) and two analytical (linear and nonlinear) approaches that can be used to assess the strategic value of information technology. Two hypotheses related to these approaches are ... Keywords: business value of IT, contingency approach, nonlinear approaches, organizational performance, resource-centered view, strategic alignment of IT, strategic value of IT

Wonseok Oh; Alain Pinsonneault

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Valuing Energy Efficiency for Utility Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Valuing Energy Efficiency Valuing Energy Efficiency For Utility Rebate Programs Dr. Valerie V. von Schramm March 1, 2012 Building America Implementation Standing Technical Committee Gap/Barrier Gap/Barrier #3: Value-Stream Map of the Retrofit Process - Core concern - Audience segmentation needs must be better understood - Goal - To improve implementation strategy processes for retrofits Value-Stream Map Segment Addressed: - Public Energy Utility Perspectives/Needs Electric Utility Concerns Fleet Design Drivers * kWh Consumed * Peak Usage * Daily & Seasonal Patterns * Building Stock Impacts Community-Scale Energy Efficiency Modeling  NREL/UTSA/CPS Energy Collaboration  Identify geographically specific least-cost retrofits using BEopt  Inputs: census, income, appraisal district,

157

Template:DatasetValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to call on the results. Example: 'max'. Example Usage DatasetValue |id452 |subjectArgentina |predicatedsprop:provedNaturalGasReserves Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

158

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4. Option Value of a Thermal Energy Storage System for 5counter Real-time Prices Thermal Energy Storage vii Abstractfor the day, operating thermal energy storage overnight for

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

CODATA Value: electron volt-hartree relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electron volt-hartree relationship. Value, 3.674 932 379 x 10 -2 E h. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 081 x 10 -2 E h. Relative ...

160

CODATA Value: kilogram-kelvin relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-kelvin relationship. Value, 6.509 6582 x 10 39 K. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 0059 x 10 39 K. Relative standard uncertainty, 9.1 x 10 -7. ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Uniform Theory of Multiplicative Valued Difference Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a model companion, namely ACF A (Algebraically Closed Fieldsa model companion, namely ACF A. To see the definition of ?-a model companion, namely ACF A. However, the value group is

Pal, Koushik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Capturing value from Item Unique Identification (IUID)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Defense has issued a mandate aimed at improving its capabilities in determining the location, value, quantity, and condition of government assets. The mandate requires marking specified assemblies and ...

Salamini, Alexey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

164

Value Operating Flexibility in Advanced Coal Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a preliminary study of the potential value of the operating flexibility available from advanced coal plant designs and carbon capture and storage (CCS) systems. Assessing value requires new analytical approaches capable of examining plant outputs (e.g., syngas, air products, electricity, emissions) in the context of varying power market conditions and significant climate policy and fuel price uncertainties. Accounting for flexibility options in capacity planning may create opportuni...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

165

Elevation puts moral values into action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in line with their values. Indeed, Crocker, Niiya, and Mischowski (2008) showed that self-affirmation produces other-directed emotions of self-transcendence, such as love and caring. They found that when writing an essay about their most treasured value... skills, sense of humor, spontane- ity, athletic ability, musical talent, creativity or business skills.’’ Instructions for the ‘‘no self-affirmation’’ condition were ‘‘Please describe your typical journey from home to the univer- sity. Try to mentally...

Schnall, Simone; Roper, Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Elevation puts moral values into action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-affirmation produces other-directed emotions of self-transcendence, such as love and caringAQ3 . They found that when writing an essay about their most treasured value, participants reported higher levels of love, feeling of giving and empathic than participants... qualities and felt good about yourself. Examples of ‘personally valued qualities’ might include such things as artistic skills, sense of humor, spontane- ity, athletic ability, musical talent, creativity or business skills.’’ Instructions for the ‘‘no self...

Schnall, Simone; Roper, Jean

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Organic Aerosol Component (OACOMP) Value-Added Product Report  

SciTech Connect

Significantly improved returns in their aerosol chemistry data can be achieved via the development of a value-added product (VAP) of deriving OA components, called Organic Aerosol Components (OACOMP). OACOMP is primarily based on multivariate analysis of the measured organic mass spectral matrix. The key outputs of OACOMP are the concentration time series and the mass spectra of OA factors that are associated with distinct sources, formation and evolution processes, and physicochemical properties.

Fast, J; Zhang, Q; Tilp, A; Shippert, T; Parworth, C; Mei, F

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

168

Estimating the Economic 'Trade' Value of Increased Transmission Capability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors offer a new method of estimating the potential gains achievable via transmission expansion in moving power from lower-priced to higher-priced regions. Rather than relying on simulation approaches, where electricity is dispatched based on specific assumptions regarding market-bidding behavior, plant generating costs, and plant availability, this technique instead relies on actual market data to estimate this source of economic value. (author)

Kleit, Andrew N.; Reitzes, James D.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Capacity Value of Wind Power - Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power systems are planned such that they have adequate generation capacity to meet the load, according to a defined reliability target. The increase in the penetration of wind generation in recent years has led to a number of challenges for the planning and operation of power systems. A key metric for generation system adequacy is the capacity value of generation. The capacity value of a generator is the contribution that a given generator makes to generation system aequacy. The variable and stochastic nature of wind sets it apart from conventional energy sources. As a result, the modeling of wind generation in the same manner as conventional generation for capacity value calculations is inappropriate. In this paper a preferred method for calculation of the capacity value of wind is described and a discussion of the pertinent issues surrounding it is given. Approximate methods for the calculation are also described with their limitations highlighted. The outcome of recent wind capacity value analyses in Europe and North America, along with some new analysis, are highlighted with a discussion of relevant issues also given.

O'Malley, M.; Milligan, M.; Holttinen, H.; Dent, C.; Keane, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - 2 - Section 3: Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives: Consumers Environmental Utilities and Grid Operators Market Efficiency Economy Regulatory Consumer Value of a Smart Grid Smart Grids will provide consumers many benefits, deriving mainly from the increased information and insight it brings them about their individual consumption as

171

Property:TotalValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TotalValue TotalValue Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "TotalValue" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + A ALLETE Inc., d/b/a Minnesota Power Smart Grid Project + 3,088,007 + Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project + 22,888,360 + American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project + 2,661,650 + Atlantic City Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 37,400,000 + Avista Utilities Smart Grid Project + 40,000,000 + B Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 451,814,234 + Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 177,642,503 +

172

Photovoltaics Value Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Photovoltaics Value Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Value Analysis Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Environmental Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/pdfs/42303.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaics-value-analysis Policies: Financial Incentives This study addresses photovoltaics (PV) distributed systems technology development; advanced distribution systems integration; system-level tests and demonstrations; technical and market analysis; resource assessment; and codes, standards, and regulatory implementation. The study defines a set of PV benefits and costs, such as greenhouse gas abatement or reliability, and then examines a series of case studies to ascertain whether the benefits of

173

Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.

Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

174

Value of solar thermal industrial process heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.

Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L.; Chockie, A.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

VARIABILITY OF KD VALUES IN CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS AND SEDIMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measured distribution coefficients (K{sub d} values) for environmental contaminants provide input data for performance assessments (PA) that evaluate physical and chemical phenomena for release of radionuclides from wasteforms, degradation of engineered components and subsequent transport of radionuclides through environmental media. Research efforts at SRNL to study the effects of formulation and curing variability on the physiochemical properties of the saltstone wasteform produced at the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) are ongoing and provide information for the PA and Saltstone Operations. Furthermore, the range and distribution of plutonium K{sub d} values in soils is not known. Knowledge of these parameters is needed to provide guidance for stochastic modeling in the PA. Under the current SRS liquid waste processing system, supernate from F & H Tank Farm tanks is processed to remove actinides and fission products, resulting in a low-curie Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS). At the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF), DSS is mixed with premix, comprised of blast furnace slag (BFS), Class F fly ash (FA), and portland cement (OPC) to form a grout mixture. The fresh grout is subsequently placed in SDF vaults where it cures through hydration reactions to produce saltstone, a hardened monolithic waste form. Variation in saltstone composition and cure conditions of grout can affect the saltstone's physiochemical properties. Variations in properties may originate from variables in DSS, premix, and water to premix ratio, grout mixing, placing, and curing conditions including time and temperature (Harbour et al. 2007; Harbour et al. 2009). There are no previous studies reported in the literature regarding the range and distribution of K{sub d} values in cementitious materials. Presently, the Savannah River Site (SRS) estimate ranges and distributions of K{sub d} values based on measurements of K{sub d} values made in sandy SRS sediments (Kaplan 2010). The actual cementitious material K{sub d} values and solubility values differ from the sandy sediments. The K{sub d} value range and distribution currently used in the PA are estimated to range between 0.25*K{sub d} and 1.75*K{sub d}, where the minimum and maximum values of the ranges reflect the 95% confidence level for the mean K{sub d} value (Kaplan 2010). The objective of the research with cementitious materials was to measure the range and distribution of a monovalent (Cs) and I{sup -} (anion), divalent (Sr), and trivalent (Eu) ions for a variety of laboratory-prepared saltstone surrogate samples to establish a K{sub d} range other than that which is presently used in the PA. It has been observed in laboratory samples that cure temperature profiles can affect properties such as heat of hydration, permeability, porosity, compressive strength, and set time (Harbour et al. 2009). The intent was to identify a range and distribution that could be used by stochastic modelers for the PA. Furthermore, the intent was to replace the arbitrarily selected distributions based on geological sandy sediments and to base it on actual cementitious materials. The scope of this study did not include understanding saltstone sorption mechanisms responsible for increasing or decreasing sorption. Similar to the work with cementitious materials, the purpose of the Pu sediment K{sub d} dataset was not to attempt to understand through statistics how to better understand Pu sorption to sediments or to lower Pu K{sub d} variance. The sediment Pu K{sub d} data is included in this study because it is a key risk driver for the PAs on the SRS, and there is presently no direct studies of Pu variability in SRS soils. Instead the distribution of Pu sediment K{sub d} values was assumed to be similar to other cations, as presented by Kaplan (2010).

Almond, P.; Kaplan, D.; Shine, E.

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

176

ChangeinImportanceValue BlackCherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&Black measurement periods. -30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&BlackOak WhiteOak OtherOak SugarMaple RedMaple WhiteAsh Miscellaneous Species Group Aspect Code 1

177

Environmental restoration value engineering guidance document  

SciTech Connect

This document provides guidance on Value Engineering (VE). VE is an organized team effort led by a person trained in the methodology to analyze the functions of projects, systems, equipment, facilities, services, and processes for achieving the essential functions at the lowest life cycle cost while maintaining required performance, reliability, availability, quality, and safety. VE has proven to be a superior tool to improve up-front project planning, cut costs, and create a better value for each dollar spent. This document forms the basis for the Environmental Restoration VE Program, describes the VE process, and provides recommendations on when it can be most useful on ER projects.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Estimating the value of lost telecoms connectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a practical method for estimating the economic cost of outages in electronic communications networks, accommodating temporal, geographical and sectoral variations in incidence. The method is illustrated with two types of examples: a hypothetical ... Keywords: Cost of outages, Economic analysis, Service continuity, Telecommunications, Value

Sean Lyons; Edgar Morgenroth; Richard S. J. Tol

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Cloud Condensation Nuclei Profile Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration at cloud base is the most relevant measure of the aerosol that influences droplet formation in clouds. Since the CCN concentration depends on supersaturation, a more general measure of the CCN concentration is the CCN spectrum (values at multiple supersaturations). The CCN spectrum is now measured at the surface at several fixed ARM sites and by the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF), but is not measured at the cloud base. Rather than rely on expensive aircraft measurements for all studies of aerosol effects on clouds, a way to project CCN measurements at the surface to cloud base is needed. Remote sensing of aerosol extinction provides information about the vertical profile of the aerosol, but cannot be directly related to the CCN concentration because the aerosol extinction is strongly influenced by humidification, particularly near cloud base. Ghan and Collins (2004) and Ghan et al. (2006) propose a method to remove the influence of humidification from the extinction profiles and tie the “dry extinction” retrieval to the surface CCN concentration, thus estimating the CCN profile. This methodology has been implemented as the CCN Profile (CCNPROF) value-added product (VAP).

McFarlane, S; Sivaraman, C; Ghan, S

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

180

Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications (Report Summary) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Calculation of heating values for the high flux isotope reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculating the amount of energy released by a fission reaction (fission Q value) and the heating rate distribution in a nuclear reactor is an important part of the safety analysis. However, these calculations can become very complex. One of the codes that can be used for this type of analyses is the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. Currently it is impossible to calculate the Q value and heating rate disposition for delayed beta and delayed gamma particles directly from MCNP5. The purpose of this paper is to outline a rigorous method for indirectly calculating the Q values and heating rates in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), based on previous similar studies carried out for very high-temperature reactor configurations. This method has been applied in this study to calculate heating rates for the beginning of cycle (BOC) and end-of-cycle (EOC) states of HFIR. In addition, the BOC results obtained for HFIR are compared with corresponding results for the Advanced Test Reactor. The fission Q value for HFIR was calculated as 200.2 MeV for the BOC and 201.3 MeV for the EOC. It was also determined that 95.1% and 95.4% of the heat was deposited within the HFIR fuel plates for the BOC and EOC models, respectively. This methodology can also be used for heating rate calculations for HFIR experiments. (authors)

Peterson, J.; Ilas, G. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6172 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Calculation of Heating Values for the High Flux Isotope Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Calculating the amount of energy released by a fission reaction (fission Q value) and the heating rate distribution in a nuclear reactor is an important part of the safety analysis. However, these calculations can become very complex. One of the codes that can be used for this type of analyses is the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. Currently it is impossible to calculate the Q value and heating rate disposition for delayed beta and delayed gamma particles directly from MCNP5. The purpose of this paper is to outline a rigorous method for indirectly calculating the Q values and heating rates in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), based on previous similar studies carried out for very high-temperature reactor configurations. This method has been applied in this study to calculate heating rates for the beginning of cycle (BOC) and end-of-cycle (EOC) states of HFIR. In addition, the BOC results obtained for HFIR are compared with corresponding results for the Advanced Test Reactor. The fission Q value for HFIR was calculated as 200.2 MeV for the BOC and 201.3 MeV for the EOC. It was also determined that 95.1% and 95.4% of the heat was deposited within the HFIR fuel plates for the BOC and EOC models, respectively. This methodology can also be used for heating rate calculations for HFIR experiments.

Peterson, Joshua L [ORNL; Ilas, Germina [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) Earned Value (EV)...

184

from set-valued optimization problems to set-valu - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 2, 2010 ... nonempty open (not necessarily convex) cone Q. Inspired by this ...... valued optimization problems, in : P. Pardalos, Th. M. Rassias, A. A. Khan.

185

Value of Solar Tariff | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings For Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Information Start Date 2014 Minnesota Program Type Performance-Based...

186

Merged Sounding Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

Troyan, D

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

187

Bulk Energy Storage Impact and Value Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is intended for planners, R&D managers, and potential investors who manage or interpret results from value and impact analysis of energy storage. Due to performance improvements and cost reductions of battery technologies and the expectation that energy storage may help to manage potential operational challenges of incorporating variable, renewable energy resources, energy storage systems are under renewed investigation as a future electric system resource. Pumped hydro storage ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

189

Industry Recommendations: Characteristics, Investment Value, and Relation to Firm Recommendations *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study analysts ’ industry recommendations. We find that the distribution of industry recommendations is quite balanced. Analysts show more optimism towards industries with high levels of R&D, past profitability and past returns, as well as industries in which they are active as underwriters. Industry recommendations possess investment value as portfolios based on these recommendations generate abnormal returns. Finally, industry recommendations contain information which is orthogonal to that included in firm recommendations. Analysts benchmark their firm recommendations to industry peers regardless of their disclosures. Consequently, the investment value of analysts’ recommendations is enhanced when both industry and firm recommendations are used. An earlier version of this paper was circulated under the title “Do Industry Recommendations Have

Ohad Kadan; Leonardo Madureira; Rong Wang; Tzachi Zach; Reuven Lehavy; Roni Michaely; Brian Richter; Ajai Singh; Brett Trueman; Seminar Participants

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Initial Value Problem in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article, written to appear as a chapter in "The Springer Handbook of Spacetime", is a review of the initial value problem for Einstein's gravitational field theory in general relativity. Designed to be accessible to graduate students who have taken a first course in general relativity, the article first discusses how to reformulate the spacetime fields and spacetime covariant field equations of Einstein's theory in terms of fields and field equations compatible with a 3+1 foliation of spacetime with spacelike hypersurfaces. It proceeds to discuss the arguments which show that the initial value problem for Einstein's theory is well-posed, in the sense that for any given set of initial data satisfying the Einstein constraint equations, there is a (maximal) spacetime solution of the full set of Einstein equations, compatible with the given set of data. The article then describes how to generate initial data sets which satisfy the Einstein constraints, using the conformal (and conformal thin sandwich) method, and using gluing techniques. The article concludes with comments regarding stability and long term behavior of solutions of Einstein's equations generated via the initial value problem.

James Isenberg

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

Intermittency and the Value of Renewable Energy ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops an empirical approach to estimate the equilibrium value of renewable electricity technologies, and applies it to evaluate solar energy mandates in southeastern Arizona. Solar generation and other renewables suffer from intermittency because weather varies and is only partially forecastable. Intermittency imposes costs as a planner must maintain backup capacity and allocate operating reserves in order to avoid system failure. We model an electricity system where a system operator optimizes the amount of generation capacity, operating reserves, and demand curtailment in the presence of variable and partially forecastable demand and renewable production. We use generator characteristics, solar output, demand and weather forecast data to estimate parameters. Equilibrium costs of a 20 percent mandate are $133.7 per MWh of solar generation of which unforecastable intermittency accounts for only $4.1 of this. If solar generation were fully dispatchable, costs would drop by $24.3 per MWh. If CO2 reductions are valued at $25/ton then this mandate would be welfare neutral if solar capacity costs dropped from the current $5/W to $1.78/W. Our methods can be applied to examine the value of other technologies, such as wind power and storage, and electricity market changes, such as real-time pricing.

Gautam Gowrisankaran; Stanley S. Reynolds; Mario Samano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Moisture Management for High R-Value Walls  

SciTech Connect

The following report explains the moisture-related concerns for High R-value wall assemblies and discusses past Building America research work that informs this study. Hygrothermal simulations were prepared for several common approaches to High R-value wall construction in six cities (Houston, Atlanta, Seattle, St. Louis, Chicago, and International Falls) representing a range of climate zones (2, 3, 4C, 4, 5A, and 7, respectively). The simulations are informed by experience gained from past research in this area and validated by field measurement and forensic experience. The modeling program was developed to assess the moisture durability of the wall assemblies based on three primary sources of moisture: construction moisture, air leakage condensation, and bulk water leakage. The peak annual moisture content of the wood based exterior sheathing was used to comparatively analyze the response to the moisture loads for each of the walls in each given city. Walls which experienced sheathing moisture contents between 20% and 28% were identified as risky, whereas those exceeding 28% were identified as very high risk. All of the wall assemblies perform well under idealized conditions. However, only the walls with exterior insulation, or cavity insulation which provides a hygrothermal function similar to exterior insulation, perform adequately when exposed to moisture loads. Walls with only cavity insulation are particularly susceptible to air leakage condensation. None of the walls performed well when a precipitation based bulk water leak was introduced to the backside of the sheathing, emphasizing the importance of proper flashing details.

Lepage, R.; Schumacher, C.; Lukachko, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value

194

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Incentives Industry #12;What is Value-Added? The increased value at each stage of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those activities or steps and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through

195

Optimization of Value of Aerodrome Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prediction of short-term variations of vital boundary layer conditions at airports, such as visibility and cloud base, is important to the safe and economic operation of airlines. Results of an experiment involving groups of forecasters at three ...

Ross Keith

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Many-core key-value store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling data centers to handle task-parallel work-loads requires balancing the cost of hardware, operations, and power. Low-power, low-core-count servers reduce costs in one of these dimensions, but may require additional nodes to provide the required ... Keywords: 64-core Tilera TILEPro64, many-core key-value store, data centers, task-parallel workloads, low-core-count servers, low-power servers, under-utilizing memory, power consumption, high-core-count processor, clock rate, 4-core Intel Xeon L5520, 8-core AMD Opteron 6128 HE

M. Berezecki; E. Frachtenberg; M. Paleczny; K. Steele

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Information strategies for open government: challenges and prospects for deriving public value from government transparency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information-based strategies to promote open government offer many opportunities to generate social and economic value through public use of government information. Public and political expectations for the success of these strategies are high but they ... Keywords: government information strategies, open government, public value, transparency

Sharon S. Dawes; Natalie Helbig

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Assessing the impact of knowledge management strategies announcements on the market value of firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although there is much literature on the relationship between KM strategies and organizational performance, the benefit of KM strategies is not well understood. We addressed this issue by exploring how KM strategies influence a firm's market value using ... Keywords: Event study methodology, Knowledge management strategy, Knowledge-based view, Market value, Stock market reaction

Byounggu Choi; Ana Maria Jong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Positive solutions for a class of boundary-value problems with integral boundary conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions for a class of nonlinear boundary-value problems of fourth-order differential equations with integral boundary conditions. The arguments are based upon a specially constructed ... Keywords: Boundary-value problem, Existence, Fixed-point theorem, Integral boundary conditions, Positive solution

Xuemei Zhang; Weigao Ge

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Missing value imputation via copula and transformation methods, with applications to financial and economic data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present new, tractable methods to impute missing values based on conditional probability density functions that we estimate via copula and mixture models. Our methods exploit known analytical results concerning conditional distributions for the Arellano-Valle ...

Craig Friedman; Jinggang Huang; Yangyong Zhang; Wenbo Cao

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Novel Method for Quantifying Value in Spaceborne Soil Moisture Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel methodology is introduced for quantifying the added value of remotely sensed soil moisture products for global land surface modeling applications. The approach is based on the assimilation of soil moisture retrievals into a simple surface ...

Wade T. Crow

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Table 3.2 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, 1949-2011 (Billion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1972. 4.65 : 17.45 [R] 4.28 : 16.06 [R] 11.71 : 43.94 [R] ... 4 Crude oil values are based on domestic first purchase prices. See "Crude Oil Domestic First

203

Table 3.2 Value of Fossil Fuel Production, 1949-2011 (Billion ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1 Coal values are based on free-on-board (F.O.B.) rail/barge prices, which are the F.O.B. prices of coal at the point of first sale, excluding freight ...

204

The hidden value of transmission assets  

SciTech Connect

Numerous utilities have realized that they can do better with their transmission assets than neutering them into ISOs and have proposed the creation of for-profit transmission companies (Transcos). This would turn transmission assets into equity with higher risk but also returns potentially higher than the regulated cost of capital. This article's contribution to the ongoing debate is to show that Transcos constitute a simple and robust solution to transmission congestion problems that would otherwise jeopardize the advent of competitive power markets. Policymakers and regulators should therefore view favorably the emergence of for-profit, regulated transmission companies, and leave them with reasonable room to recover their cost and earn a fully compensatory return on investment. Regulatory benevolence is crucial for Transcos, for electric power transmission is arguably the ultimate regulated activity: significant economies of scale and wide-ranging network externalities (the infamous loop flows) make operation and management of the grid a natural monopoly that must be regulated. A significant share of the value at stake therefore hinges on the regulator's attitude towards the for-profit transmission company: if the regulator is favorable, she will leave enough room to recover the variable and capital costs. If she is unfavorable, the proposition is simply a non-starter. This article first builds a public policy argument in favor of transmission companies, then discusses the key success factors required to create significant value in transmission: regulatory prowess and superior network management.

Nasser, T.O. (McKinsey and Co., Washington, DC (United States))

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Life Cycle Management Value Planning Tool (LcmVALUE) Code, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important aspect of equipment aging or life cycle management (LCM) planning is the comparison of the long term economics of alternative plans, all of which satisfy safety and reliability requirements. These economic evaluations must be performed on a net present value basis, and must include factors such as failure rates, value of lost production, consequential costs of potential regulatory sanctions and adverse public relations, and the costs of planned preventive maintenance (PM) and unplanned corre...

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Commercial Demonstration of Wood Recovery, Recycling, and Value Adding Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This commercial demonstration project demonstrated the technical feasibility of converting low-value, underutilized and waste stream solid wood fiber material into higher valued products. With a growing need to increase product/production yield and reduce waste in most sawmills, few recovery operations and practically no data existed to support the viability of recovery operations. Prior to our efforts, most all in the forest products industry believed that recovery was difficult, extremely labor intensive, not cost effective, and that recovered products had low value and were difficult to sell. This project provided an opportunity for many within the industry to see through demonstration that converting waste stream material into higher valued products does in fact offer a solution. Our work, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, throughout the project aimed to demonstrate a reasonable approach to reducing the millions of recoverable solid wood fiber tons that are annually treated as and converted into low value chips, mulch and fuel. Consequently sawmills continue to suffer from reduced availability of forest resources, higher raw material costs, growing waste disposal problems, increased global competition, and more pressure to operate in an Environmentally Friendly manner. It is our belief (based upon the experience of this project) that the successful mainstreaming of the recovery concept would assist in alleviating this burden as well as provide for a realistically achievable economic benefit to those who would seriously pursue the concept and tap into the rapidly growing ''GREEN'' building marketplace. Ultimately, with participation and aggressive pursuit of the recovery concept, the public would benefit in that: (1) Landfill/disposal waste volume could be reduced adding greater life to existing municipal landfill sites thereby minimizing the need to prematurely license and open added facilities. Also, there would be a cost avoidance benefit associated to what would have been the added municipal (community) management costs involved with maintaining closed landfills. (2) With greater quantities of recovered material being returned to and integrated into manufacturing and the marketplace, reduced demand upon virgin wood sources could help lead the way to promoting improved relations and environmental balance between producers and consumers further expanding the value of our natural resource without adding environmental burden.

Auburn Machinery, Inc.

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Using value engineering to facilitate PWAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value Engineering (VE) is a problem solving methodology that has been used in manufacturing and construction industries for fifty years to improve products, systems and projects while reducing unnecessary cost. A Process Waste Assessment (PWA) is a newly developed methodology designed to characterize waste streams and identify opportunities to reduce or eliminate waste generation. The VE and PWA methodologies are compared to show their general similarities and specific differences, and to suggest how VE can be woven into the PWA methodology. Further, the roles of the VE and PWA team leaders and their training are compared; suggestions are made to help enable the PWA team leader to more effectively lead a group-centered creative process. Examples of how VE has been used in hazardous and radioactive waste minimization and pollution prevention projects are presented, also.

Sperling, R.B.

1993-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

208

Aerosol Best Estimate Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Aerosol Best Estimate (AEROSOLBE) value-added product (VAP) is to provide vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, single scatter albedo, asymmetry parameter, and Angstroem exponents for the atmospheric column above the Central Facility at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. We expect that AEROSOLBE will provide nearly continuous estimates of aerosol optical properties under a range of conditions (clear, broken clouds, overcast clouds, etc.). The primary requirement of this VAP was to provide an aerosol data set as continuous as possible in both time and height for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP in order to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Even though BBHRP has been completed, AEROSOLBE results are very valuable for environmental, atmospheric, and climate research.

Flynn, C; Turner, D; Koontz, A; Chand, D; Sivaraman, C

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

209

Generalized Energy-Dependent Q Values for Fission  

SciTech Connect

We extend Madland's parameterization of the energy release in fission to obtain the dependence of the fission Q value for major and minor actinides on the incident neutron energies in the range 0 {le} E{sub n} {le} 20 MeV. Our parameterization is based on the actinide evaluations recommended for the ENDF/B-VII.1 release. This paper describes the calculation of energydependent fission Q values based on the calculation of the prompt energy release in fission by Madland. This calculation was adopted for use in the LLNL ENDL database and then generalized to obtain the prompt fission energy release for all actinides. Here the calculation is further generalized to the total energy release in fission. There are several stages in a fission event, depending on the time scale. Neutrons and gammas may be emitted at any time during the fission event.While our discussion here is focussed on compound nucleus creation by an incident neutron, similar parameterizations could be obtained for incident gammas or spontaneous fission.

Vogt, R

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

210

Complexity of service value networks: Conceptualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the manufacturer. While consumers usually must still purchase their vehicles through a dealer, which increases and where resources flow in dyadic relationships from raw material providers to manufacturers to suppliers, products themselves should be merely seen as ``vehicles for service delivery.'' 42 Based on this line

Löffler, Frank E.

211

Linear and nonlinear degenerate boundary value problems in Besov spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The boundary value problems for linear and nonlinear degenerate differential-operator equations in Banach-valued Besov spaces are studied. Several conditions for the separability of linear elliptic problems are given. Moreover, the positivity and the ... Keywords: Banach-valued Besov spaces, Boundary value problems, Differential-operator equations, Interpolation of Banach spaces, Operator-valued multipliers

Veli B. Shakhmurov; Ravi P. Agarwal

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...

Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Decommissioning Cost Estimating Factors And Earned Value Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats 771 Project progressed from the planning stage of decommissioning a plutonium facility, through the strip-out of highly-contaminated equipment, removal of utilities and structural decontamination, and building demolition. Actual cost data was collected from the strip-out activities and compared to original estimates, allowing the development of cost by equipment groupings and types and over time. Separate data was developed from the project control earned value reporting and compared with the equipment data. The paper discusses the analysis to develop the detailed factors for the different equipment types, and the items that need to be considered during characterization of a similar facility when preparing an estimate. The factors are presented based on direct labor requirements by equipment type. The paper also includes actual support costs, and examples of fixed or one-time start-up costs. The integration of the estimate and the earned value system used for the 771 Project is also discussed. The paper covers the development of the earned value system as well as its application to a facility to be decommissioned and an existing work breakdown structure. Lessons learned are provided, including integration with scheduling and craft supervision, measurement approaches, and verification of scope completion. In summary: The work of decommissioning the Rocky Flats 771 Project process equipment was completed in 2003. Early in the planning process, we had difficulty in identifying credible data and implementing processes for estimating and controlling this work. As the project progressed, we were able to collect actual data on the costs of removing plutonium contaminated equipment from various areas over the life of this work and associate those costs with individual pieces of equipment. We also were able to develop and test out a system for measuring the earned value of a decommissioning project based on an evolving estimate. These were elements that would have been useful to us in our early planning process, and we would expect that they would find application elsewhere as the DOE weapons complex and some commercial nuclear facilities move towards closure. (authors)

Sanford, P.C.; Cimmarron, E. [Englewood, CO, B. Skokan, Office of Project Management Oversight, EM-53, United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

217

The Value of Distributed Generation under Different Tariff Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in NewThe Value of Distributed Generation under Different TariffThe Value of Distributed Generation under Different Tariff

Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power Title The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in...

219

The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural Gas Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration iii The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural Gas Industry Preface The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural ...

220

Complexity index indicates refinery capability, value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refinery size usually is measured in terms of distillation capacity. Relative size, however, can be measured using refinery complexity--a concept developed by W.L. Nelson in the 1960s. Nelson developed the complexity index to quantify the relative cost of components that make up a refinery. It is a pure cost index that provides a relative measure of the construction costs of a particular refinery based on its crude and upgrading capacity. The Nelson index compares the costs of various upgrading units--such as a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit or a catalytic reformer--to the cost of a crude distillation unit. Computation of the index is an attempt to quantify the relative cost of a refinery based on the added cost of various upgrading units and the relative upgrading capacity. A review of complexity calculations, and an explanation of how indices have changed, provide a simple means of determining the complexity of single refineries or refining regions. The impact of complexity on product slate is also examined in this paper.

Johnston, D. [Daniel Johnston and Co. Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Value of Financial System Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) was established in 1990 as an independent think tank within McKinsey & Company, Inc., to conduct original research and reach a better understanding of the workings of the global economy. From time to time, MGI issues public reports. These reports are issued at the discretion of MGI’s director, Diana Farrell, and its McKinsey Advisory Board when they conclude that MGI’s international perspective and its ability to access McKinsey’s knowledge of industry economics enable it to provide a valuable fact base to policy debates. The McKinsey Advisory Board is made up of McKinsey partners from Europe, Asia-Pacifi c, and the Americas. MGI’s staff members are drawn primarily from McKinsey’s consultants. They serve 6- to 12-month assignments and then return to client work. MGI also commissions leading academics to participate in its research. The McKinsey Global Institute is based in San Francisco and has a presence

Diana Farrell; Susan Lund; Jaeson Rosenfeld; Fabrice Morin; Niyati Gupta; Ezra Greenberg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Micro Pitch and Vary Speed for Extreme Value Search MPPT Method of DFIG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Base on the analysis the mathematical model of the doubly-fed wind turbine and the maximum wind power tracking (MPPT) principle, pointed out the pitch deformation error will affect the effect of MPPT, put forward a new method base on micro pitch and ... Keywords: micro pitch, extreme value Search, flexible object, deformation error, MPPT

Deng Youhan; Cheng Yuanchu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Estimating the Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants: A Case Study of the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We estimate the capacity value of concentrating solar power (CSP) plants without thermal energy storage in the southwestern U.S. Our results show that CSP plants have capacity values that are between 45% and 95% of maximum capacity, depending on their location and configuration. We also examine the sensitivity of the capacity value of CSP to a number of factors and show that capacity factor-based methods can provide reasonable approximations of reliability-based estimates.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

COHOMOLOGIE GALOISIENNE DES CORPS VALU'ES DISCRETS HENSELIENS, d'apr`es K. Kato et S. Bloch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* *orps valu'e discret hens'elien E de caract'eristique nulle et de caract'eristique r'esi* *duelle p

Colliot-Thelene, Jean-Louis

225

Grid-Interactive Renewable Water Heating Economic and Environmental Value  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Grid-Interactive Renewable Water Heating Economic and Environmental Value Grid-interactive renewable water heaters have smart controls that quickly change their charge rate and charge level, factoring in renewable generation and other critical needs of the grid; thereby significantly reducing carbon emissions and bringing a new dimension of conservation and efficiency to the electric grid. The Steffes grid-interactive renewable water heater controller provides utilities with an affordable and effective way to integrate renewable generation into the grid while providing uninterrupted hot water to the consumer. In recent years, many states have set Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) to reduce the need for traditional fossil fuel-based power generation, thereby improving our environment and decreasing

226

Management Earnings Forecasts and Value of Analyst Forecast Revisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prior studies evaluate the relative importance of the sources of value that financial analysts bring to the market based on the price impact of forecast revisions over the event time. We find that management earnings forecasts influence the timing and precision of analyst forecasts. More importantly, evidence suggests that prior studies ’ finding of weaker (stronger) stock-price responses to forecast revisions in the period immediately after (before) the prior-quarter earnings announcement is likely to be the artifact of a temporal pattern of management earnings forecasts over the event time. To the extent that management earnings forecasts are public disclosures, our results suggest that the relative importance of analysts ' information discovery role documented in prior studies is likely to be overstated.

Yongtae Kim; Minsup Song

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Pierce-Pepin Coop Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pierce-Pepin Coop Services Pierce-Pepin Coop Services Jump to: navigation, search Name Pierce-Pepin Coop Services Place Wisconsin Utility Id 15034 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Apartments in Annexed Areas Residential Irrigation Off-Peak Industrial Large Power (Peak Alert - owns transformer) Industrial Large Power (Peak Alert) Industrial Managed Off-Peak and Nighttime Loads Commercial Managed Off-Peak and Nighttime Loads-Storage Heat Commercial Managed Off-Peak and Nighttime Loads-Wood Opt. Commercial

228

Wall R-values that tell it like it is  

SciTech Connect

The R-value of a whole wall can be considerable lower than the R-value of the insulation that fills it. At DOE`s Buildings Technology Center, scientists have developed a system for measuring whole wall R-value and have already tested several wall systems. Topics covered include the following: how wall r-value is usually calculated; measuring whole-wall r-values; evaluating wall performance; a wall rating label; beyond r-value; r-value terminology. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kosny, J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Finance, GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.wri.org/publication/carbon-value-analysis-tool Cost: Free Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Screenshot References: CVAT[1] he Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) is a screening tool to help companies integrate the value of carbon dioxide emissions reductions into energy-related investment decisions. The tool has two main purposes: To test the sensitivity of a project's internal rate of return (IRR) to "carbon value" (the value of GHG emissions reductions). CVAT integrates this value into traditional financial analysis by ascribing a market price, either actual or projected, to carbon emissions reductions.

230

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM OTHER METAL VALUES IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY SELECTIVE COMPLEXING AND ADSORPTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for separating tri- or tetravalent plutonium from fission products in an aqueous solution by complexing the fission products with oxalate, tannate, citrate, or tartrate anions at a pH value of at least 2.4 (preferably between 2.4 and 4), and contacting a cation exchange resin with the solution whereby the plutonium is adsorbed while the complexed fission products remain in solution.

Beaton, R.H.

1960-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

Influences on farmland values in urban Texas counties and the State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Farmland values have been a highly researched topic for the past several decades. Interest was spurred initially by increased variability between land values and farm income during the 1950's. Prior research sought to explain value changes through the defining the relationships between land values and an assortment of farm sector and nonfarm sector variables. The foci of the prior studies were mostly rural, homogeneous areas of major agricultural states. Although Texas is considered an important agricultural state with a diversity of related enterprises, its farmland values have generally escaped the scrutiny of review. In 1992, Texas farmland comprised nearly 10 percent of the U.S. aggregated farmland value. This study sought to further knowledge by evaluating previously identified significant land value influences for their importance in Texas. Based on a literature review, proxy variables were specified to represent the influences and were tested for their explanatory ability on Texas land value data. The scope of the study was selected to reflect years that were considered historically interesting for land values in the United States, 1969 through 1994. Urban counties were studied to ascertain if identified influences were important to designated agricultural-use land near metropolitan areas. The results indicate that land supply and demand factors were the most often important influences upon land values, General agricultural economic factors were next in prevalence, followed by farm and nonfarm income factors which were not usually significant to the urban farmland. The study also emphasized that land dedicated to agricultural use in the urban counties was chiefly valued for its abilities to serve investment and consumptive purposes, instead of productive participants need to ascertain local market conditions before making a decision to buy or sell land. Land owners must carefully consider land management choices, as resource issues will increasingly impact land value. Agricultural land owners should evaluate their land primarily in terms of its investment and consumptive potential, instead of its productive qualities.

Clampffer, Blake Robert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Perceived Environmental Value in Revealed Data: Evidence from Housing Market. Working paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper combines survey data on homeowners ’ stated perceptions with market transactions data to investigate how perceptions guide actual market behavior. The study shows that when a public amenity associated with housing is valued for its overall effect, this value captures a substantial amount of homeowners ’ perceived values of its components. Even if the objective levels of the components of the public amenity do not vary, the paper shows that hedonic models can be effectively utilized to incorporate variation in perception for valuing the components of a public amenity. These results are based on the finding that homeowners choose to locate according to how they perceive a component of an amenity. Empirical results show that the homeowners of Waukegan, a small town near Chicago, Illinois have lost approximately $157 million in home value because of the perceived problems with the safety of the harbor. Chattopadhyay et. al. 1.

Sudip Chattopadhyay; John B. Braden; Arianto Patunru

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Comparison of Capacity Value Methods for Photovoltaics in the Western United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report compares different capacity value estimation techniques applied to solar photovoltaics (PV). It compares more robust data and computationally intense reliability-based capacity valuation techniques to simpler approximation techniques at 14 different locations in the western United States. The capacity values at these locations are computed while holding the underlying power system characteristics fixed. This allows the effect of differences in solar availability patterns on the capacity value of PV to be directly ascertained, without differences in the power system confounding the results. Finally, it examines the effects of different PV configurations, including varying the orientation of a fixed-axis system and installing single- and double-axis tracking systems, on the capacity value. The capacity value estimations are done over an eight-year running from 1998 to 2005, and both long-term average capacity values and interannual capacity value differences (due to interannual differences in solar resource availability) are estimated. Overall, under the assumptions used in the analysis, we find that some approximation techniques can yield similar results to reliability-based methods such as effective load carrying capability.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Reliability Value of Storage in a Volatile Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the value of storage in securing reliability of a system with uncertain supply and demand, and supply friction. The storage is frictionless as a supply source, but once used, it cannot be filled up instantaneously. The focus application is a power supply network in which the base supply and demand are assumed to match perfectly, while deviations from the base are modeled as random shocks with stochastic arrivals. Due to friction, the random surge shocks cannot be tracked by the main supply sources. Storage, when available, can be used to compensate, fully or partially, for the surge in demand or loss of supply. The problem of optimal utilization of storage with the objective of maximizing system reliability is formulated as minimization of the expected discounted cost of blackouts over an infinite horizon. It is shown that when the stage cost is linear in the size of the blackout, the optimal policy is myopic in the sense that all shocks are compensated by storage up to the available level...

ParandehGheibi, Ali; Ozdaglar, Asuman; Dahleh, Munther A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator (for Office Properties) Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGY STAR Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=comm_real_estate.building_upgrade_value The Building Upgrade Value Calculator allows practitioners to analyze the

236

METHOD OF SEPARATING TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM CERIUM SUB-GROUP RARE EARTH VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for separating plutonium from the cerium sub-group of rare earths when both are present in an aqueous solution. The method consists in adding an excess of alkali metal carbonate to the solution, which causes the formation of a soluble plutonium carbonate precipitate and at the same time forms an insoluble cerium-group rare earth carbonate. The pH value must be adjusted to bctween 5.5 and 7.5, and prior to the precipitation step the plutonium must be reduced to the tetravalent state since only tetravalent plutonium will form the soluble carbonate complex.

Duffield, R.B.; Stoughton, R.W.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Category theoretic aspects of chain-valued frames: Part II: Applications to lattice-valued topology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is Part II of a two-part series dealing with category theoretic aspects of chain-valued frames. Using the categorical properties established for L-Frm in Part I for L a complete chain, this paper constructs ''upper'' free functor L and ''lower'' ... Keywords: Factorization structures, Anti-stratified/stratified spaces, Characteristic/Martin/stratification functors, Cocompleteness, Completeness, Image/preimage operators, Iota/omega functors, L-Frm, L-Loc, L-Top, L-frames, L-topological spaces, Spectrum functors, Universal/co-universal spaces, Upper/lower forgetful functors, Upper/lower free functors

A. Pultr; S. E. Rodabaugh

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Template:LabelValuePair | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LabelValuePair LabelValuePair Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'LabelValuePair' template. It is typically used to display the results of an ask or sparql query in a simple label: value format. It is used by many pages, including the sub pages for country profiles, and is most frequently called as the template parameter in a query returned as format=template. For more help on this, see Extension:SparqlExtension, Template Help. Parameters label - The label, property or predicate of the query. value - The value or object specified in the query. Usage It should be called in the following format: {{#sparql SELECT ... |format=template |template=LabelValuePair |.. }} Edit the page to see the template text. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Template:LabelValuePair&oldid=37488

239

Budget Cutting and the Value of Weather Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors discuss the relationship between budget-cutting exercises and knowledge of the value of weather services. The complex interaction between quality (accuracy) and value of weather forecasts prevents theoretical approaches from ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax Credits Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax Credits May 22, 2012 - 5:03pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Business Case Slide 20: High-Value: Generic - 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 1 Potential Benefits EM Revenues: high-value applications can afford to pay more than a nominal amount for DU Positive program visibility: "swords to...

242

California Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) California Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

243

Tailoring the prototyping process to achieve customer value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective for prototyping is to get the most value out of the opportunity. Value may take the form of information, performance, displaying production readiness or proving capability for the amount of resources ...

Jordan, Brian Lane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

New Mexico Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) New Mexico Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

245

RECOVERY AND SEPARATION OF LITHIUM VALUES FROM SALVAGE SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium values can be recovered from an aqueous basic solution by reacting the values with a phosphate salt soluble in the solution, forming an aqueous slurry of the resultant aqueous insoluble lithium phosphate, contacting the slurry with an organic cation exchange resin in the acid form until the slurry has been clarified, and thereafter recovering lithium values from the resin. (AEC)

Hansford, D.L.; Raabe, E.W.

1963-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

Should specific values be embedded in the internet architecture?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental disagreement in the Future Internet debate concerns architecture design and value. Should an architecture incorporate inherent values that have been widely accepted through societal debate or be adaptable once deployed to a wider range ... Keywords: architecture, control points, value set

Ian Brown; David D. Clark; Dirk Trossen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Interweaving algebra and topology: Lattice-valued topological systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is primarily dedicated to understanding the natural role that topological systems and lattice-valued topological systems play in understanding the relationship between algebra and topology, a relationship expressed by an ''interweaving'' of ... Keywords: Adjunctions, Essentially algebraic categories, Lattice-valued topological spaces, Lattice-valued topological systems, Topological categories, Topological spaces, Topological systems

Jeffrey T. Denniston; Austin Melton; Stephen E. Rodabaugh

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Valuing modularity Choice of nuclear power investments under price uncertainty: Valuing modularity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We consider the choice problem faced by a firm in the electricity sector which holds two investment projects. The first project is an irreversible investment in a large nuclear power plant. The second project consists in building a flexible sequence of smaller, modular, nuclear power plants on the same site. In other words, we compare the benefit of the large power plant project coming from increasing returns to scale, to the benefit of the modular project due to its reduced risk (flexibility). We use the theory of real options to measure the value of the option to invest in the successive modules, under price uncertainty. From this theory, it is well-known that risk-neutral entrepreneurs will decide to invest only if the market price of electricity exceeds the cost of electricity by a positive margin which is an increasing function of the market risk. In particular, this margin is larger for the irreversible investment than for the modular project. This is because the investment process in the modular project can be interrupted at any time when the market conditions deteriorate, thereby limiting the potential loss of the investor. We consider in particular an environment where the discount rate is 8 % and volatility of the market price of electricity equals 20 % per year. The modular project consists in four units of 300 MWe each, and in which 40 % of the total overnight cost is borne by the first module. We show that the benefit of modularity is equivalent in terms of profitability to a reduction of the cost of electricity by one-thousand of a euro per kWh.- 2-Valuing modularity

Christian Gollier; David Proult; Françoise Thais; Gilles Walgenwitz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Method for selectively reducing plutonium values by a photochemical process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rate of reduction of Pu(IV) to Pu(III) in nitric acid solution containing a reducing agent is enhanced by exposing the solution to 200-500 nm electromagnetic radiation. Pu values are recovered from an organic extractant solution containing Pu(IV) values and U(VI) values by the method of contacting the extractant solution with an aqueous nitric acid solution in the presence of a reducing agent and exposing the aqueous solution to electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength of 200-500 nm. Under these conditions, Pu values preferentially distribute to the aqueous phase and U values preferentially distribute to the organic phase.

Friedman, Horace A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Toth, Louis M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bell, Jimmy T. (Kingston, TN)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting the Best Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com...

251

Potential single-occupancy vehicle demand for the Katy Freeway and Northwest Freeway high-occupancy vehicle lanes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the 1960�s, high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes have been successfully used as a travel demand management technique. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes as an alternative to HOV lanes to help manage the increasing demand for travel. HOT lanes combine pricing and vehicle occupancy restrictions to optimize the demand for HOV lanes. As two of the four HOT lanes in the world, the HOT lane facilities in Houston, Texas received relatively low patronage after operating for over 6 years on the Katy Freeway and over 4 years on the Northwest Freeway. There existed an opportunity to increase the usage of these HOT lanes by allowing single-occupancy vehicle (SOV) travelers to use the lanes, for an appropriate toll. The potential SOV demand for HOV lane use during the off-peak periods from the Katy Freeway and Northwest Freeway general-purpose lane (GPL) travelers was estimated in this study by using the data collected from a 2003 survey of travelers on the Katy and Northwest Freeway GPLs who were not enrolled in QuickRide. Based on survey results, more travelers would choose to drive on the HOT lanes as SOV travelers during the off-peak periods when the facilities provided higher travel time savings and charged lower tolls. Two important factors influencing travelers� use of the HOV lanes were their value of travel time savings (VTTS) and penalty for changing travel schedule (VPCS). It was found that respondents had VTTS approximately 43 percent of their hourly wage rate and VPCS approximately 3 percent of their hourly wage rate. Combining this information with current travel time savings and available capacity on the HOV lanes, it was found that approximately 2000 SOV travelers per day would pay an average toll of $2.25 to use the HOV lanes during the off-peak periods.

Xu, Lei

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Similarity-based fuzzy limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the concept of similarity-based fuzzy limits in metric spaces is introduced and it is shown that it is an application of limit maps of topologies on [0,1]-valued sets, introduced by Hohle and Sostak, furthermore it is observed that the ... Keywords: Fuzzy limit, Limit map, Similarity-based fuzzy limit, [0,1]-Valued topology

Gültekin Soylu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Historical changes in US dollar exchange rate and real value of oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil prices relative to world currencies are now at unprecedented lows, as shown by a price analysis that incorporates the effect of US dollar exchange rates on the value of oil. A commodity-based analysis corroborates this exchange-rate analysis. The value of oil today on world markets is even below its 1969 level (the nadir of the previous oil bust). The inflation-corrected price of oil (using the producer price index) in the US has increased 130% since 1969. However, the US dollar has lost over 40% of its value relative to G-7 currencies since abandonment of the Bretton Woods agreement in 1971. Therefore, the real value of oil an international markets is 20% below its 1969 level. Since 1988 alone, the dollar has lost 16% relative to the G-7 currencies. Oil producing countries are taking extreme revenue cuts caused by the eroding US dollar.

DeMis, W.D. (Marathon Oil Co., Midland, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Solar thermal repowering utility value analysis. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The retrofit of solar central receiver energy supply systems to existing steam-electric generating stations (repowering) is being considered as a major programmatic thrust by DOE. The determination of a government response appropriate to the opportunities of repowering is an important policy question, and is the major reason for the analysis. The study objective is to define a government role in repowering that constitutes an efficient program investment in pursuit of viable private markets for heliostat-based energy systems. In support of that objective, the study is designed to identify the scope and nature of the repowering opportunity within the larger context of its contributions to central receiver technology development and commercialization. The Supply and Integration Tasks are documented elsewhere. This report documents the Demand Task, determining and quantifying the sources of the value of repowering and of central receiver technology in general to electric utilities. The modeling tools and assumptions used in the Demand Task are described and the results are presented and interpreted. (MCW)

Taylor, R.; Day, J.; Reed, B.; Malone, M.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Capacity Value of Wind Plants and Overview of U.S. Experience (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview and summary of the capacity value of wind power plants, based primarily on the U.S. experience. Resource adequacy assessment should explicitly consider risk. Effective load carrying capability (ELCC) captures each generators contribution to resource adequacy. On their own, reserve margin targets as a percent of peak can't capture risks effectively. Recommend benchmarking reliability-based approaches with others.

Milligan, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A multi-attribute value assessment method for the early product development phase with application to the business airplane industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) market. The method is also used to extract quantitative evidence indicating the existence of enterprise-related attributes for consumer value in products. Marking the first independent review of the loss function-based ...

Downen, Troy Douglas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Construction R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Construction R-value Calculator Construction R-value Calculator This online calculator calculates the R-value of a large number of common wall and roof constructions given a specified level of insulation. It uses the isothermal planes method to account for thermal bridging of framing material. Keywords R-value, thermal bridging Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Basic understanding of construction details is required. Users Approximately 15,000 web hits per month, mainly from New Zealand. Audience Designers and architects, researchers, officials dealing with building regulations Input The user selects the appropriate wall and roof design details from a number of drop-down boxes and enters the R-value of the installed insulation product. Output The program displays the R-value achieved by the wall or roof construction

258

Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Program Info State Missouri Program Type Grant Program Provider Missouri Department of Agriculture The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered for value-added agricultural business concepts that: (a) Lead to and result in development, processing and marketing of new or expanded uses or technologies for agricultural products; and (b) Foster agricultural economic development in Missouri's rural communities. Applications will be considered for

259

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

260

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives. Value of a Smart Grid System More Documents & Publications Value of a Smart Grid System Smart Grid: Enabler of the New Energy Economy AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Tracking a Value's Influence on Later Computation | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking a Value's Influence on Later Computation November 01, 2013 Understanding how a program behaves is important for effective program development, debugging, and optimization,...

262

Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best...

263

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant EPIs Commercial Food Service About ENERGY STAR Partner Resources You are here Home Buildings & Plants Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of...

264

Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri) Missouri...

265

Revealing the Hidden Value that the Federal Investment Tax Credit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that the Federal Investment Tax Credit and Treasury Cash Grant Provide To Community Wind Projects Title Revealing the Hidden Value that the Federal Investment Tax Credit and...

266

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Title Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Publication Type...

267

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building solar panels and wind turbines; constructing fuel-that the fortunes of wind turbine manufacturers are relatedThe wind industry value chain Wind turbine manufacturing and

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Business Case Slide 21: High-Value: Generic - 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 2 Issues All still at research stage Have theoretical or initial experimental information that does not contravene viability Most involve use in...

269

Business Case Slide 28: High-Value: Semiconductors - Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductors - Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Semiconductors - Program Focus Measurement of DUO2 transistor properties at ORNL Measurement...

270

Microsoft Word - Web Posting for Earned Value Management 2013...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONTRACTOR EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CERTIFICATION STATUS (Revised November 5, 2013) DOE Office (Geographic Site) Contract Name Contractor Name Principal Companies Certified...

271

The value of ENERGY STAR certification | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

building as ENERGY STAR. Below is a summary of several studies that evaluated the added market value of ENERGY STAR certified buildings. Chart showing price advantages of ENERGY...

272

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is not unreasonable, given property value impacts that have been found near high voltage transmission lines and other electric generation facilities, the impacts of wind energy...

273

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Certifications | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Management Processes and Procedures Cost & Contingency EDIA Escalation Rates Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Certifications Awards Lessons Learned Tools & Resources SC...

274

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet), NREL (National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy and Capacity Value e Solar Energy Can Provide Valuable Capacity to Utilities and Power System Operators Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and concentrating solar power...

275

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

opposition to wind development (Paul, 2006) 100% and 85% of those opposed to offshore wind development believe aesthetics and property values, respectively, will be adversely...

276

Value of Storage with Increased Penetration of Renewable Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and discharge rates, max ramp rates, other? - Include default values from CAES, flywheel, battery, and pumped hydro technologies Add economics - Generation and NERC Fines...

277

Figure 65. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries in three cases, 2011-2040 ... Iron and steel Bulk Chemicals Glass Paper products Food products

278

Figure 67. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries, 2011-2040, 2011-2025, and 2025 ... Iron and steel Bulk chemicals Glass Paper products Food ...

279

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

char- acteristics. Solar power is generated during daylightcontext of wind power than solar power, because spatiallythe average valuation of the solar power if the value is the

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

On Formally Well-Posed Initial Value Problems - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Institut f ur Algorithmen und Kognitive Systeme. Universit at Karlsruhe, D-76128 Karlsruhe, Germany. Abstract. The notion of formally well-posed initial value ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Discover the financial value of energy management | ENERGY STAR...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with ENERGY STAR resources Related resources Energy Strategy for the Road Ahead Guidelines for Energy Management Energy Program Assessment Matrix Financial Value Calculator...

282

PARS II Earned Value Data Migration Template | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data Migration Template PARSITEMPLATE.xls More Documents & Publications Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) PARS II CPP Upload...

283

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value of Vehicle-to-Grid Technologies for the United States Department of Defense Speaker(s): Camron Gorguinpour Date:...

284

The broadband bonus: Estimating broadband Internet's economic value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How much economic value did broadband Internet create? Despite the importance of this question for national policy, no research has estimated broadband's incremental contribution to U.S. GDP by calibrating against historical adoption and incorporating ... Keywords: Broadband, Economic value, Internet, Surplus

Shane Greenstein; Ryan C. McDevitt

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Architecting Enterprises for IT-enabled Value Creation Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of rapid strides in evolving architecture processes that can help enterprises leverage IT for creating value, shortcomings are widely perceived. In this paper, the author discusses four points beginning with structuring the enterprise, partitioning ... Keywords: Business Model, Business Strategy, Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Engineering, Information Technology, Management Science, Value

Siddhartha SenGupta

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Robust data sharing with key-value stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key-value store (KVS) offers functions for storing and retrieving values associated with unique keys. KVSs have become widely used as shared storage solutions for Internet-scale distributed applications. We present a fault-tolerant wait-free efficient ... Keywords: cloud storage, distributed storage

Cristina Basescu; Christian Cachin; Ittay Eyal; Robert Haas; Marko Vukolic

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Robust data sharing with key-value stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key-value store (KVS) offers functions for storing and retrieving values associated with unique keys. KVSs have become the most popular way to access Internet-scale “cloud” storage systems. We present an efficient wait-free algorithm that ...

Cristina Basescu; Christian Cachin; Ittay Eyal; Robert Haas; Alessandro Sorniotti; Marko Vukolic; Ido Zachevsky

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Value-of-Information Analysis for Nuclear Waste Storage Tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes an application of a value-of-information (VOI) analysis to a problem involving information collection and sampling costs of millions of dollars and ultimate consequences of decisions ranging in the hundreds of millions of dollars. ... Keywords: applications, decision analysis, decision trees, energy, uncertainty, value of information

Thomas Eppel; Detlof von Winterfeldt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Applying design science research for enterprise architecture business value assessments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the effort to measure the business value and impact of Enterprise Architecture (EA), we need to adapt an appropriate form of information systems research in order to cope with the encountered challenges. For this purpose, we employed Design Science ... Keywords: business value assessment, design science, enterprise architecture

Martin Meyer; Markus Helfert; Brian Donnellan; Jim Kenneally

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Identification of Wiener systems with binary-valued output observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is concerned with identification of Wiener systems whose outputs are measured by binary-valued sensors. The system consists of a linear FIR (finite impulse response) subsystem of known order, followed by a nonlinear function with a known parametrization ... Keywords: Binary-valued observations, Identification, Joint identifiability, Parameter estimation, Periodic inputs, Sensor thresholds, Wiener systems

Yanlong Zhao; Le Yi Wang; G. George Yin; Ji-Feng Zhang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Computationally Convenient Distributional Assumptions for Common-ValueAuctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the mathematical foundations of common-value auctions have been well understood since Milgrom and Weber (1982), equilibrium bidding strategies are computationally complex. Very few calculated examples can be found in the literature, and only ... Keywords: common-value auctions

Michael B. Gordy

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Introduction to the Marginal Value Approach for Fossil Asset Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As power markets become competitive, utilities will benefit from closely monitoring their fossil-fleet investment and deployment decisions. Adopting a marginal value approach for analyzing fossil asset management (FAM) decisions gives utilities a framework for systematically quantifying the corporate-level value of utility decisions.

1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Economic Value of Biomass Implications for policy and practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Value of Biomass Implications for policy and practice David Clubb and Ben Tansey Rural England and Yorkshire #12;The research ·No previous study of biomass value ·Important to demonstrate ·Carbon ·Externalities #12;Largescale biomass ·Electricity generation inefficient (

294

Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces Katarina Blom­5 2 #12; Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces Katarina@math.chalmers.se Abstract. We present two algorithms for information retrieval. The first algorithm is an extension

Patriksson, Michael

295

Complementary Goods: Creating, Capturing, and Competing for Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the strategic interaction between firms producing strictly complementary products. With strict complements, a consumer derives positive utility only when both products are used together. We show that value-capture and value-creation ... Keywords: competition, complementary goods, game theory, product quality, royalty fees

Taylan Yalcin, Elie Ofek, Oded Koenigsberg, Eyal Biyalogorsky

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data for modeling the 2030 power system. The load forecasts, fuel price forecasts, and generation.37 Electrical Accessory Load (W) 260 260 260 A/C Load (W)8 1088 1088 1344 Engine Specific Power (W/kg) 920 920Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions

Pennycook, Steve

297

Content value chains modelling using a copyright ontology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing digital rights management (DRM) systems, initiatives like Creative Commons or research works as some digital rights ontologies provide limited support for content value chains modelling and management. This is becoming a critical issue as content ... Keywords: Content value chain, Copyright, Digital rights management, Ontology, Reasoning

Roberto García; Rosa Gil

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

DOE: Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results are available a project website, www.epri.com/hydrogrid. With increasing deployment of wind and solar renewable generation, many owners, operators, and developers of hydropower have recognized the opportunity to provide more flexibility and ancillary services to the electric grid. To quantify value of services, this study focused on the Western Electric Coordinating Council region. A security-constrained, unit commitment and economic dispatch model was used to quantify the role of hydropower for several future energy scenarios up to 2020. This hourly production simulation considered transmission requirements to deliver energy, including future expansion plans. Both energy and ancillary service values were considered. Addressing specifically the quantification of pumped storage value, no single value stream dominated predicted plant contributions in various energy futures. Modeling confirmed that service value depends greatly on location and on competition with other available grid support resources. In this summary, ten different value streams related to hydropower are described. These fell into three categories; operational improvements, new technologies, and electricity market opportunities. Of these ten, the study was able to quantify a monetary value in six by applying both present day and future scenarios for operating the electric grid. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. Many potential improvements to existing hydropower plants were found to be cost-effective. Pumped storage is the most likely form of large new hydro asset expansions in the U.S. however, justifying investments in new pumped storage plants remains very challenging with current electricity market economics. Even over a wide range of possible energy futures, up to 2020, no energy future was found to bring quantifiable revenues sufficient to cover estimated costs of plant construction. Value streams not quantified in this study may provide a different cost-benefit balance and an economic tipping point for hydro. Future studies are essential in the quest to quantify the full potential value. Additional research should consider the value of services provided by advanced storage hydropower and pumped storage at smaller time steps for integration of variable renewable resources, and should include all possible value streams such as capacity value and portfolio benefits i.e.; reducing cycling on traditional generation.

None

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate RFA provides up to 45% of the loan up to $40,000 of loan principal Program Info Start Date 1994 State Minnesota Program Type State Loan Program Provider Minnesota Department of Agriculture The Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program was created in 1994 and is designed to help farmers finance the purchase of stock in certain types of cooperative, limited liability company, or limited liability partnership that will produce a "value-added agricultural product." This may include wind energy and anaerobic-digestion cooperatives if they meet the

300

Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the value of concentrating solar power (CSP) and thermal energy storage (TES) in four regions in the southwestern United States. Our analysis shows that TES can increase the value of CSP by allowing more thermal energy from a CSP plant?s solar field to be used, by allowing a CSP plant to accommodate a larger solar field, and by allowing CSP generation to be shifted to hours with higher energy prices. We analyze the sensitivity of CSP value to a number of factors, including the optimization period, price and solar forecasting, ancillary service sales, capacity value and dry cooling of the CSP plant. We also discuss the value of CSP plants and TES net of capital costs.

Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Empty values in upload? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empty values in upload? Empty values in upload? Home > Groups > Databus Is it possible to upload data to a relational table without providing a value for every column? I.e., if the table has five columns, but a particular upload only has data for 3 of them, can I leave out the other two? Or is there a null value for this? Thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 8 October, 2013 - 14:22 1 answer Points: 0 json or csv. For json, it is just "columnanem": null (notice no quotes around null) for csv, I think you just put comma (nothing) comma as in time, col1, col2, col3 4444, "dean", , "value Where col2 is blank......I am pretty sure that works but need to test the csv. I know the json you just specify null. Deanhiller on 8 October, 2013 - 16:20 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

302

South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,846 1,947 2,558 2,231 3,431 3,920 4,369 1990's 881 93 1,006 854 1,000 848 0 687 772 702 2000's 648 563 531 550 531 446 455 422 1,099 NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value South Dakota Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

303

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

304

Empty values in upload? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empty values in upload? Empty values in upload? Home > Groups > Databus Is it possible to upload data to a relational table without providing a value for every column? I.e., if the table has five columns, but a particular upload only has data for 3 of them, can I leave out the other two? Or is there a null value for this? Thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 8 October, 2013 - 14:22 1 answer Points: 0 json or csv. For json, it is just "columnanem": null (notice no quotes around null) for csv, I think you just put comma (nothing) comma as in time, col1, col2, col3 4444, "dean", , "value Where col2 is blank......I am pretty sure that works but need to test the csv. I know the json you just specify null. Deanhiller on 8 October, 2013 - 16:20 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

305

Indiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 135 394 367 365 217 412 416 1990's 399 232 174 192 107 249 360 526 615 855 2000's 899 1,064 1,309 1,464 3,401 3,135 2,921 3,606 4,701 4,927 2010's 6,802 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Indiana Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

306

Value engineering: A new focus for women in engineering  

SciTech Connect

Value Engineering is an organized problem solving technique that utilizes communication and teamwork skills -- skills heralded as strengths for women. Value Engineering offers an excellent career opportunity for women in the engineering profession. It is an expanded career path that is currently being overlooked by women. Value Engineering is supported by SAVE (Society of American Value Engineers) and certification in the process can be achieved in two years. For women in the engineering profession, VE is an ideal place to redirect their existing skills and training. The number of certified women is a minority, creating a wide-open field of opportunity in federal and state agencies as well as private industry. Value Engineering can provide that new avenue for engineering careers -- a new direction where current skills can be applied to a diverse and exciting profession. 1 fig.

Anderson, L.C.

1990-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

307

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

308

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/60589.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/value-distributed-generation-dg-under Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Utility/Electricity Service Costs This report examines the standby tariff structures recently implemented in New York as a result of utilities feelings toward distributed generation

309

Assessing the Economic Viability of Bio-based Products for Missouri Value-added Crop Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

While research and development on biobased products has continued strong over the years, parallel attention on the economics and management of such product innovation has been lacking. With the financial support of the Department of Energy, the Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center at the University of Missouri-Columbia has launched a pilot graduate education program that seeks to fill the gap. Within this context, a multi-disciplinary research and teaching program has been structured with an emphasis on new product and innovation economics and management. More specifically, this pilot graduate education program has the following major objectives: (1) To provide students with a strong background in innovation economics, management, and strategy. (2) To diversify the students academic background with coursework in science and technology. (3) To familiarize the student with biobased policy initiatives through interaction with state and national level organizations and policymakers. (4) To facilitate active collaboration with industry involved in the development and production of biobased products. The pilot education program seeks to develop human capital and research output. Although the research is, initially, focused on issues related to the State of Missouri, the results are expected to have national implications for the economy, producers, consumers and environment.

Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Productivity improvement in downstream EPC projects using value streams based organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Productivity improvements in manufacturing facilities have been studied in detail and there are many standardized tools and frameworks readily available to the industry for implementation. However the concept of productivity ...

Raghunathan, Krishnan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Point-Based Value Iteration for Constrained POMDPs Dongho Kim Jaesong Lee Kee-Eung Kim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using its own reward or cost function. A typical situation is a resource-limited agent, e.g., a battery program. making other criteria (costs) below the prescribed thresholds. Each criterion is represented by assigning a constant reward of -1 for each dialogue turn and a cost of 1 for each unsuccessful di- alogue

Choi, Seungjin

312

Multi Robot Cooperation Based on Auction Theory With a Value Map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experiment. Lastly, the battery life cost is computed withcomputational costs, and increases the battery life of theall sub costs of distance, communication, and battery life

Pozo, Angello

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Advanced Metering, Value-Added Services, and Communications-Based Applications for National Account Customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the electric utility industry progresses toward deregulation, many different approaches will be used by customers and energy brokers to leverage their buying power through bulk electricity purchases. This report documents interviews with national account customers to determine the advanced information, communications, and metering systems needed to deliver, monitor, and bill such purchases.

1997-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

314

Seed Value Chains for Sorghum and Millet in Mali A State-Based System in Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agricultural research centers that receive principal funding from governments, private foundations, and international and regional organizations, most of which are members of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS AND PARTNERS IFPRI’s research, capacity strengthening, and communications work is made possible by its financial contributors and partners. IFPRI gratefully acknowledges generous unrestricted funding from Australia,

Lamissa Diakité; Mikkel Grum; Bioversity International; Mikkel Grum; Bioversity International

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. ) Off-peak hydroelectricity Biomass gasification^c Assuming that off-peak hydroelectricity at existing sites

Delucchi, Mark

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest  

SciTech Connect

Wind power production is variable, but also has diurnal and seasonal patterns. These patterns differ between sites, potentially making electric power from some wind sites more valuable for meeting customer loads or selling in wholesale power markets. This paper investigates whether the timing of wind significantly affects the value of electricity from sites in California and the Northwestern United States. We use both measured and modeled wind data and estimate the time-varying value of wind power with both financial and load-based metrics. We find that the potential difference in wholesale market value between better-correlated and poorly correlated wind sites is modest, on the order of 5-10 percent. A load-based metric, power production during the top 10 percent of peak load hours, varies more strongly between sites, suggesting that the capacity value of different wind projects could vary by as much as 50 percent based on the timing of wind alone.

Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H; Fripp, Matthias

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental Certification on Office Values Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

318

Importance of Q-values in astrophysical rp-proces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of measuring Q-values in rapid proton capture process has been investigated. The microscopic optical model, derived using a nucleon nucleon interaction and densities from relativistic mean field calculations, has been utilized to calculate the reaction rates. It has been observed that the Q-values involved in the reactions at waiting points at A = 60 and 64 are very important in determining the final abundance of the process. Some other Q-values also play a crucial role in the final abundance of nuclei near the end point of the process.

Chirashree Lahiri; G. Gangopadhyay

2013-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

319

Essays on the Impact of Development on Agricultural Land Amenities and Values in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market land prices ignore the non-market value of ecosystem goods and services; hence, too much agricultural land may be developed. Correct land valuation must include these non-market values. Values of ecosystem services provided by the Richland-Chambers constructed wetlands are assessed through meta-analysis to derive confidence intervals for the willingness-to-pay (WTP) for wetland services. Replacement costs are also used to estimate cost savings of creating wetlands to cleanse river water instead of constructing a conventional wastewater treatment facility. Benefit transfer is used to estimate WTP for non-market agricultural land amenities. Ecosystem services of runoff in the western and recharge in the eastern part of Comal County based on hydrological models are also calculated. Finally, seemingly unrelated regression is used to quantify the effects of growth on current agricultural land values in Texas. Using two different meta-analysis transfer functions, mean WTP for the Richland-Chambers wetlands are $843 and $999 / acre / year. Estimated 95% confidence interval is $95 to $7,435 / acre / year. This confidence interval clearly indicates the uncertainty associated with valuing ecosystem goods and services. The replacement cost of the Richland?Chambers constructed wetlands is estimated to be $1,688 / acre / year. Aggregate WTP to preserve farm and ranchland non-market amenities in Comal County is estimated to be $1,566 / acre. Using hydrologic models, the runoff is valued at $79 / acre, whereas, recharge value is $1,107 / acre. Development will cause a change in recharge, runoff, and pollution which will decrease societal welfare by $1,288 / acre. Seemingly unrelated regression results show that a percentage increase in population growth in the closest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is associated with increases in land values of approximately $2 / acre. A one-mile increase in distance from the nearest MSA decreased land values by $4 / acre in 1997, $6 / acre in 2002, and $8 / acre in 2007. The diversity of studies illustrates that a cookbook type of methodology is not appropriate for valuing ecosystem goods and services. On the other hand, development contributes positively to land values through encroachment on agricultural lands.

Machingambi, Memory

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Location of test bundle instrumentation and anticipated experimental values for the CFTL AG-1 bundle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The placement of instrumentation within the CFTL (Core Flow Test Loop) AG-1 test section to meet the following objective is described. The objectives are threefold: (1) to provide values for the evaluation of the performance of the test section, (2) to compare the experimental data with values determined by pretest calculations to indicate the approach to conditions that can lead to a bundle failure, and (3) to acquire data during testing that will form a data base for subsequent use in the verification of computational procedures used in the licensing of the Gas Cooled Fast Reactor. Anticipated values for the various instruments have been determined using the computational procedure, SAGAPO, modified for the AG-1 geometry. These results are used as the basis for the specification of differential pressure cells and the range of readings anticipated from the thermocouples. Part of the results for the full flow, full power case are presented.

Sanders, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world LANL statistical tools have helped create Reliability Technology (RT), which increases the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime," for its internal manufacturing lines. April 3, 2012 Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Reliability Technology (RT) is a comprehensive reliability engineering system developed by P&G to increase the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime" for its internal manufacturing lines. The genesis for the system came from the large amount of runtime data collected on P&G's manufacturing lines, coupled with the Laboratory's

322

Earned Value Management System RM | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM In recent years Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a number of orders, and guidance documents aimed to improve the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets with the DOE complex. One of the most important activities or products required by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assess, to strengthen the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets is the Earned Value Management System (EVMS). EVMS allows both government and contractor managers to gain significant insights into technical, cost, and schedule progress of contracts and projects. The implementation of an EVMS is widely recognized

323

Singular Value Decomposition Analysis and Canonical Correlation Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of singular value decomposition analysis (SVD) and canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is to isolate important coupled modes between two geophysical fields of interest. In this paper the relationship between SVD and CCA is clarified. ...

Steve Cherry

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Discriminative features in reversible stochastic attribute-value grammars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reversible stochastic attribute-value grammars (de Kok et al., 2011) use one model for parse disambiguation and fluency ranking. Such a model encodes preferences with respect to syntax, fluency, and appropriateness of logical forms, as weighted features. ...

Daniël de Kok

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Value of Information from Water Sampling in Massachusetts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian decision framework is used to determine the value of information from water sampling with respect to alternative pollution abatement strategies. The critical low stream flow months of August 1966-77 for a New England river basin are ...

Kevin M. Moore; Bernard J. Morzuch

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A robust methodology for estimating the value of service reliability improvements is presented. Although econometric models for estimating value of service (interruption costs) have been established and widely accepted, analysts often resort to applying relatively crude interruption cost estimation techniques in assessing the economic impacts of transmission and distribution investments. This paper first shows how the use of these techniques can substantially impact the estimated value of service improvements. A simple yet robust methodology that does not rely heavily on simplifying assumptions is presented. When a smart grid investment is proposed, reliability improvement is one of the most frequently cited benefits. Using the best methodology for estimating the value of this benefit is imperative. By providing directions on how to implement this methodology, this paper sends a practical, usable message to the industry.

Sullivan, Michael J.; Mercurio, Matthew G.; Schellenberg, Josh A.; Eto, Joseph H.

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

typically designed to appraise properties (i.e., to establish an estimate of the market value of a home at a specified point in time), as would be done with an automated...

328

Earned Value Management System RM | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM In recent years Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a number of orders, and guidance documents aimed to improve the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets with the DOE complex. One of the most important activities or products required by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assess, to strengthen the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets is the Earned Value Management System (EVMS). EVMS allows both government and contractor managers to gain significant insights into technical, cost, and schedule progress of contracts and projects. The implementation of an EVMS is widely recognized

329

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by low price caps, the di?erence between solar PV powersolar PV power using hourly wholesale electricity prices and5. Real-time Prices for Valuing the Power from Solar PVs As

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Privacy-preserving anonymization of set-valued data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the problem of protecting privacy in the publication of set-valued data. Consider a collection of transactional data that contains detailed information about items bought together by individuals. Even after removing all personal ...

Manolis Terrovitis; Nikos Mamoulis; Panos Kalnis

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Electricity demand patterns matter for valuing electricity supply ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PJM's hourly real-time energy prices corresponding to the week of hourly demand values are shown below. Prices also vary by hour and are much more volatile than demand.

332

Value of Solar Tariff (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

benefit of solar operation to the utility; credit for locally manufactured or assembled energy systems; and systems installed at high-value locations on the grid. One the tariff...

333

Valuing Conservation and Demand Response: Using the CPUC's Avoided...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Valuing Conservation and Demand Response: Using the CPUC's Avoided Cost Methodology Speaker(s): Ren Orans Snuller Price Date: June 29, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Background:...

334

Creating value from uncertainty : a study of ocean transportation contracting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How can financial tools like real options and hedging mitigate and create value from uncertainty in transportation? This paper describes these concepts and identifies research on them that has relevance to transportation. ...

Pálsson, Sigurjón

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Business Case Slide 26: High-Value: Semiconductors - Description...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(cont.) Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Semiconductors - Description (cont.) Measuring the photo-voltaic properties of a DUO2 diode at NREL Measuring the...

336

Business Case Slide 29: High-Value: Energy Uses - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uses - Description Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Energy Uses - Description Description Use DUO2 as the core component of advanced energy systems Fuel cell...

337

The Research of Internet Shopping Customer Value Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing empirical study of Internet shopping in literature, mostly concerned about the interaction relationship of retailer and customer, few scholars study the process of transactions between customers and other services suppliers, by assaying ... Keywords: Internet Shopping, Stakeholders, Customer Value

Xiao-bin Liu; Ming-qing Qiu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The influence of institutional investors on firm value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

Lee, Yong Seung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Acceleration of market value-at-risk estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of algorithmic trading, derivative usage and highly leveraged hedge funds necessitates the acceleration of market Value-at-Risk (VaR) estimation to measure the severity of portfolios losses. This paper demonstrates how solely relying ...

Matthew Dixon; Jike Chong; Kurt Keutzer

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL-TP-6A2-45833 February 2010 The Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage Ramteen Sioshansi The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio Paul Denholm National...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Selected Component Failure Rate Values from Fusion Safety Assessment Tasks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, Lee Charles

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Selected component failure rate values from fusion safety assessment tasks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The value of contractual terms in office leases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses a comprehensive data set to develop a hedonic model of office rent that estimates values of contractual terms such as tenant improvement allowances, leasing commissions, and options. The model includes ...

Sheehan, Kevin T. (Kevin Thomas)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Initial-Value Problems for Ordinary Differential Equations - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... ' &. $. %. Initial-Value Problems for ODE's. Problem. Approximating the solution y(t) to the ODE y (t) = f(t, y), a ? t ? b, subject to an initial condition y(a) = ?.

345

Regression analysis of oncology drug licensing deal values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is an attempt to explain wide variations in drug licensing deal value by using regression modeling to describe and predict the relationship between oncology drug deal characteristics and their licensing deal ...

Hawkins, Paul Allen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Farm income in 2009 will likely decline from previous years, and the value of rural land is likely to flatten out also. Producers need to increase their emphasis on financial and risk management.

Klinefelter, Danny A.

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

A many valued logic of belief: Detachment operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

the modus tollens derives from the graded truth-values of if A then B and -~B, the graded ..... The table used in the case of D 1 summarizes also all raisings.

348

The Value of Seasonal Climate Forecasts in Managing Energy Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and interviews with officials of the United States energy industry and a systems analysis of decision making in a natural gas utility lead to the conclusion that seasonal climate forecasts would only have limited value in fine tuning the ...

Edith Brown Weiss

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

On Boundary Value Problems of the Ideal-Fluid Thermocline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments of ideal-fluid thermocline models are briefly reviewed. Using density coordinates, boundary value problems are formulated for the ideal-fluid thermocline with continuous stratification. Ekman pumping and surface density are ...

Rui Xin Huang

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas reduction from solar PV generation. REFERENCES Asmus,and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-UseAverage Value Per MWh of Solar PV Power from Adjusting for

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Policy learning : new challenges for smart value capture in Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contribucion por Valorizacion is a form of value capture similar to Special Assessment, used in Colombia to complement Local revenues for major public infrastructure programs. SA's continued use countrywide and its resulting ...

Acosta, Patricia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Nonlinear-Programming Reformulation of the Order-Value ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Order-value optimization (OVO) is a generalization of the min- imax problem .... Proof. Assume that x is a local minimizer and that (5) does not hold for all feasible  ...

353

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States: A Multi-Site Hedonic Analysis Speaker(s): Ben Hoen Date: January 27, 2010 - 12:00pm Location:...

354

The value of United States oil and gas reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The object of this research is to estimate a time series, starting in 1979, for the value of in-ground oil reserves and natural gas reserves in the United States. Relatively good statistics exist for the physical quantities. ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Quantifying Brand Values Perception in Destination Websites: a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Search Options ... This paper presents a framework for systematically evaluating the short-term brand values perception of content-intensive destination ... Proceedings from ENTER 2006: International Conference in Lausanne, Switzerland.

356

The Purpose and Value of Successful Technology Demonstrations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and PR on what the "big guys" are doing but what about the value to rural America? Is a Smart Grid only for the big guys? Checking Our Pulse Is rural America (electrification)...

357

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results ...

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Application of Target Value Design to Energy Efficiency Investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zones based on the climate designations used by the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and ASHRAE

Lee, Hyun Woo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Integrated analysis of customer value of generation system reliability in India  

SciTech Connect

An analytical framework that integrates generation resource outage characteristics and customer value of electricity supply is developed to represent and evaluate reliability of the power system in north India. The composite outage cost function is estimated to be of log-linear form based on the regression analysis of data obtained through extensive customer field surveys in the region. The research illustrates that potentially higher direct outage costs have been displaced by relatively lower adaptive response investments to counteract the impact of interruptions. The implicit reliability of the country`s generation capacity plan through 2000, used along with the outage cost estimates, gives an interrupted energy value, a customer-value-based reliability index, of 2.30 Rupees per kilowatt-hour not served in 1990 ($US 1990 = Rupees 17.50). The outage cost-based reliability planning criterion provides an optimal level of reliability equivalent of 9.1% loss of load probability (LOLP). A comparison reveals that the generation capacity program is unreliable in the beginning but becomes overly reliable toward the later years of the plan.

Sarkar, A. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Inst. for Environmental Studies; Shrestha, R.M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand). School of Environment, Resources and Development

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Economic Characteristic(b) (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 330.6 3.6 2.0 20-49 550.0 4.5 2.2 50-99 830.1 5.9 2.7 100-249 1,130.0 6.7 3.1 250-499 1,961.4 7.6 3.6 500 and Over 3,861.9 9.0 3.6 Total 1,278.4 6.9 3.1 311 FOOD Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 979.3 10.3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Virginia Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,342 8,928 15,041 15,427 19,223 18,424 17,935 1990's 14,283 14,906 24,734 37,840 50,259 49,818 0 0 0 0 2000's 0 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Virginia Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

362

Oregon Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3 2,790 4,080 4,600 3,800 4,000 2,500 1990's 2,815 2,741 2,580 4,003 3,221 1,923 1,439 1,173 1,067 1,291 2000's 1,214 1,069 837 688 467 433 NA 390 751 751 2010's 1,376 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Oregon Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

363

Pennsylvania Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 118,372 166,342 150,234 159,889 163,318 167,089 191,774 1990's 177,609 152,500 138,675 189,443 187,113 177,139 0 0 0 0 2000's 0 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Pennsylvania Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed

364

Nebraska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,091 2,300 1,944 1,403 1,261 910 878 1990's 793 785 1,177 1,375 2,098 1,538 1,332 1,194 1,285 1,049 2000's 879 883 892 1,168 1,172 1,172 NA 1,555 3,082 2,908 2010's 2,231 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Nebraska Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

365

Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Economic Characteristic(b) (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 405.4 4.0 2.1 20-49 631.3 4.7 2.2 50-99 832.0 4.9 2.3 100-249 1,313.4 6.2 2.8 250-499 1,905.2 7.4 3.6 500 and Over 4,225.4 7.5 3.1 Total 1,449.6 6.4 2.8 311 FOOD Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 576.6 5.9

366

Technical advantages for weak value amplification: When less is more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technical merits of weak value amplification techniques are analyzed. We consider models of several different types of technical noise in an optical context and show that weak value amplification techniques (which only use a small fraction of the photons) compare favorably with standard techniques (which uses all of them). Using the Fisher information metric, we demonstrate that weak value techniques can put all of the Fisher information about the detected parameter into a small portion of the events and show how this fact alone gives technical advantages. We go on to consider a time correlated noise model, and find that a Fisher information analysis indicates that while the standard method can have much larger information about the detected parameter than the postselected technique. However, the estimator needed to gather the information is technically difficult to implement, showing that the inefficient (but practical) signal-to-noise estimation of the parameter is usually superior. We also describe other technical advantages unique to imaginary weak value amplification techniques, focusing on beam deflection measurements. In this case, we discuss combined noise types (such as detector transverse jitter, angular beam jitter before the interferometer and turbulence) for which the interferometric weak value technique gives higher Fisher information over conventional methods. We go on to calculate the Fisher information of the recently proposed photon recycling scheme for beam deflection measurements, and show it further boosts the Fisher information by the inverse postselection probability relative to the standard measurement case.

Andrew N. Jordan; Julián Martínez-Rincón; John C. Howell

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

367

ARM Value-Added Cloud Products: Description and Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value-Added Cloud Products: Value-Added Cloud Products: Description and Status M. A. Miller, K. L. Johnson, and D. T. Troyan Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York E. E. Clothiaux Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania E. J. Mlawer Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts G. G. Mace University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program operates a variety of state-of-the-art active and passive remote sensors at its sites. These sensors provide information about the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere and the structure of the clouds that are present above the site. Families of value- added products (VAPs) that contain geophysically relevant data are produced from the electronic

368

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant The utility world has changed drastically in the last 10 years. New technologies like Smart Meters and fully functional Smart Grid concepts have made large inroads into the utility space and no one should want to be left behind. Utilities also face additional pressures from regulatory bodies who are continuing to encourage carbon reduction and greater customer flexibility. Utilities need to balance these new requirements with the financial obligations of providing reliable power (at a reasonable price) while attempting to meet shareholder expectations. Each of these goals are not necessarily complimentary, thus utilities need to determine how to address each one.

369

Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Funding » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Getting the Project Funding » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts October 7, 2013 - 2:20pm Addthis Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best practices to get the best value from UESCs have been identified from successful UESC projects. While each Federal facility and its relationship with serving utilities is unique, considering lessons learned across these topics can make UESCs more successful and easier to implement: Financing Decreasing Interest Buydown and Buyout Approaches Contract Competition Diversifying Project Portfolios. Read about 10 ways to lower perceived risks to ensure UESC success.

370

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

371

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

372

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant The utility world has changed drastically in the last 10 years. New technologies like Smart Meters and fully functional Smart Grid concepts have made large inroads into the utility space and no one should want to be left behind. Utilities also face additional pressures from regulatory bodies who are continuing to encourage carbon reduction and greater customer flexibility. Utilities need to balance these new requirements with the financial obligations of providing reliable power (at a reasonable price) while attempting to meet shareholder expectations. Each of these goals are not necessarily complimentary, thus utilities need to determine how to address each one.

373

Specializing Type-Indexed Values by Partial Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Generic Haskell programming language allows functions to be defined by induction on the structure of data types. This gives rise to generic functions which can be applied to values of any conceivable data type. Compiling a Generic Haskell program amounts to generating a Haskell program in which all generic functions have been translated to ordinary Haskell functions. Since the Haskell language only allows functions to be defined on the values of a data type, translating generic functions defined on the structure of data types is not straightforward. The application of a generic function to a value involves specializing the function to the type of its parameter. For every distinct specialization of a generic function in a Generic Haskell program, an ordinary Haskell function is generated in the compilation process. Hence, the compilation of a generic function will typically yield several ordinary functions. The current method that is used to translate specializations is rather unsophisticated.

Martijn De Vries

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Low-Value Waste Gases as an Energy Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste gases with potentially useful fuel value are generated at any number of points in refineries, chemical plants and other industrial and commercial sites. The higher quality streams have been utilized successfully in fuel systems for years. Lower quality streams, often difficult to capture and sometimes limited in quantity, have often not been utilized for their fuel value. Increasing environmental and economic concerns have led to greater interest in utilizing these marginal fuel value waste gas streams as auxiliary fuels. The combustion and heat transfer characteristics of these fuels are different from normal fuels and these differences must be considered when determining if they can be fired successfully in existing furnaces or when designing new furnaces to use them. In addition, because of the difficulties in burning them and the chemical compounds that may be included in them, the potential pollutant emissions from these waste streams is also a significant consideration.

Waibel, R. T.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

RECOVERY OF THORIUM AND URANIUM VALUES FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent deals with the separation and recovery of uranium from monazite sand. After initial treatment of the sand with sodium hydroxide, a precipitate is obtuined which contains the uranium, thorium, rare earths and some phosphorus. This precipitate is then dissolved in nitric acid. The bulk of the rare earths are removed from thls soiution by adding aa excess of alkali carbonate, causing precipitation of the rare earths together with part of the thorium present. The solution still contains a considerable amount of thorium, some rare earths, and practically all of the uranium originally present. Thorium and rare earth values are readily precipitated from such solution, and the uranium values thus isolated, by the addition of an excess hydrogen peroxide. The pH value of the solution is preferably adjusted to at least 9 prior to the addition of the peroxide.

Calkins, G.D.

1958-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

376

NETL: Utilization Projects - Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material In pursuit of developing value added products from sulfite-rich scrubber material, e.g., low-density panels, carpet underlayment, siding, pre-cast building material, lumber panels, particle and wafer type boards, the following four experimental tasks are proposed: A comprehensive characterization of sulfite-rich scrubber materials produced by power plant generation. Specifically, the mercury, selenium, arsenic, boron, and organic content will be monitored The sulfite-rich scrubber material will be combined with cheap but renewable agricultural byproducts like micronized core fibers and/or micronized wheat straw, and the composites will be formulated by exploiting the natural polymers of the byproducts. The conditions under which structural composites can be formulated using injection molding and compressive molding will be evaluated.

377

ARM - Evaluation Product - Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsDroplet Number Concentration Value-Added ProductsDroplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product 2005.01.01 - 2010.12.30 Site(s) SGP General Description Cloud droplet number concentration is an important factor in understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. As aerosol concentration increases, it is expected that droplet number concentration, Nd, will increase and droplet size decrease, for a given liquid water path (Twomey 1977), which will greatly affect cloud albedo as smaller droplets reflect more shortwave radiation. However, the magnitude and variability of these processes under different environmental conditions is still uncertain. McComiskey et al.

378

Financial Value Calculator | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Value Calculator Financial Value Calculator Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

379

Energy Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

380

Graphical functions and single-valued multiple polylogarithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphical functions are single-valued complex functions which arise from Feynman amplitudes. We study their properties and use their connection to multiple polylogarithms to calculate Feynman periods. For the zig-zag and two more families of phi^4 periods we give exact results modulo products. These periods are proved to be expressible as integer linear combinations of single-valued multiple polylogarithms evaluated at one. For the larger family of 'constructible' graphs we give an algorithm that allows one to calculate their periods by computer algebra. The theory of graphical functions is used to prove the zig-zag conjecture.

Oliver Schnetz

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Integrative analysis of transcriptomic and proteomic data of Shewanella oneidensis: missing value imputation using temporal datasets  

SciTech Connect

Despite significant improvements in recent years, proteomic datasets currently available still suffer large number of missing values. Integrative analyses based upon incomplete proteomic and transcriptomic da-tasets could seriously bias the biological interpretation. In this study, we applied a non-linear data-driven stochastic gradient boosted trees (GBT) model to impute missing proteomic values for proteins experi-mentally undetected, using a temporal transcriptomic and proteomic dataset of Shewanella oneidensis. In this dataset, genes expression was measured after the cells were exposed to 1 mM potassium chromate for 5-, 30-, 60-, and 90-min, while protein abundance was measured only for 45- and 90-min samples. With the goal of elucidating the relationship between temporal gene expression and protein abundance data, and then using it to impute missing proteomic values for samples of 45-min (which does not have cognate transcriptomic data) and 90-min, we initially used nonlinear Smoothing Splines Curve Fitting (SSCF) to identify temporal relationships among transcriptomic data at different time points and then imputed missing gene expression measurements for the sample at 45-min. After the imputation was validated by biological constrains (i.e. operons), we used a data-driven Gradient Boosted Trees (GBT) model to uncover possible non-linear relationships between temporal transcriptomic and proteomic data, and to impute protein abundance for the proteins experimentally undetected in the 45- and 90-min sam-ples, based on relevant predictors such as temporal mRNA gene expression data, cellular roles, molecular weight, sequence length, protein length, guanine-cytosine (GC) content and triple codon counts. The imputed protein values were validated using biological constraints such as operon, regulon and pathway information. Finally, we demonstrated that such missing value imputation improved characterization of the temporal response of S. oneidensis to chromate.

Torres-García, Wandaliz [Arizona State University; Brown, Steven D [ORNL; Johnson, Roger [Arizona State University; Zhang, Weiwen [Arizona State University; Runger, George [Arizona State University; Meldrum, Deirdre [Arizona State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

An improved ranking method for fuzzy numbers with integral values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ranking fuzzy numbers is a very important decision-making procedure in decision analysis and applications. The last few decades have seen a large number of approaches investigated for ranking fuzzy numbers, yet some of these approaches are non-intuitive ... Keywords: Index of optimism, Integral value, Ranking fuzzy numbers

Vincent F. Yu, Luu Quoc Dat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Functional visualisation of genes using singular value decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Progress in understanding core pathways and processes of cancer requires thorough analysis of many coding regions of the genome. New insights are hampered due to the lack of tools to make sense of large lists of genes identified using high throughput ... Keywords: gene ontology, genes, singular value decomposition, visualisation

Hamid Ghous, Paul J. Kennedy, Nicholas Ho, Daniel R. Catchpoole

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Computing exact p-value for structured motif  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extracting motifs from a set of DNA sequences is important in computational biology. Occurrence probability is a common used statistics to evaluate the statistical significance of a motif. A main problem is how to calculate the occurrence probability ... Keywords: dynamic programming, exact p-value, pattern and motif discovery, structured motif

Jing Zhang; Xi Chen; Ming Li

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Convex Upper and Lower Bounds for Present Value Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper wepr t an e#cient methodologyfor appr ximating the distrHS function of the net pr t value of a ser of cash-flows, when the discounting is pr ted by a stochastic di#erH tial equation as in the Vasicek model and in the Ho-Lee model.

D. Vyncke; M. Goovaerts; J. Dhaene

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Video game values: Human-computer interaction and games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current human-computer interaction (HCI) research into video games rarely considers how they are different from other forms of software. This leads to research that, while useful concerning standard issues of interface design, does not address the nature ... Keywords: Activity theory, Computer games, Play, Semiotics, Value, Video games

Pippin Barr; James Noble; Robert Biddle

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The value of research in creativity and the arts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists and technologists conducting research in creativity and engaging with artists face political pressure to justify their work via economic arguments. These arguments often stress how the work can lead to innovation and economic growth. This ... Keywords: art, creativity, politics, value

Celine Latulipe

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural Gas Industry, The  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report explores the significant and changing role of storage in the industry by examining the value of natural gas storage; short-term relationships between prices, storage levels, and weather; and some longer term impacts of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Order 636.

Information Center

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR A QUASILINEAR PARABOLIC SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR A QUASILINEAR PARABOLIC SYSTEM IN THREE-PHASE CAPILLARY FLOW problems for a quasi- linear parabolic system motivated by three-phase ow in porous medium in the presence quasilinear parabolic sys- tems of the form (1.1) u t + f(u) x = (B(u)u x ) x ; 0

391

Nonhomogeneos Boundary-Value Problem for Semilinear Hyperbolic Equation. Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss the solvability of the nonhomogeneous boundary-value problem for the semilinear equation of the vibrating string x tt (t, ... Keywords: 35L20, Primary 35L05, Secondary 58J45, Wave equations, nonconvex duality, variational method, weak solutions

Andrzej Nowakowski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Nutritive Value of Tree Leaves m the Kansas Flint Hills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

w . 11 `c7 Nutritive Value of Tree Leaves m the Kansas Flint Hills JR. FORWOOD AND C.E. OWENSBY Flint Hills, the tons of tree leaves that fall to the ground each autumn are largely ignored MANAGEMENT 38(l), January 1985 We have observed cattle grazing Flint Hills rangeland in the fall selecting

Owensby, Clenton E.

393

Free Extreme Values Gerard Ben Arous and Dan Virgil Voiculescu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Extreme Values Gerard Ben Arous and Dan Virgil Voiculescu New York University and University at Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720-3840 E-mail:dvv@math.berkeley.edu Abstract: Free probability analogues- sification of freely max-stable laws and their domains of attraction, using "free extremal convolutions

Ben Arous, Gérard

394

76SF00098. Electricity Restructuring and Value-Added Services:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a series of interviews that were conducted with nonresidential electricity service customers who have chosen to take service from a retail electric service provider (RESP). The interviews explored customer attitudes towards and experiences with the process of purchasing electricity and, in some cases, value-added services in the competitive market. Key findings include: (1) our sample of large commercial/industrial customers believe that they are benefiting significantly more from commodity savings arising from direct access than from the value-added services that they are receiving; (2) there is high customer interest in billing, energy information, and energy efficiency services, as well as some (lesser) interest in “newer ” services, such as facility management and outsourcing (although customers remain uncertain of the value of these services); (3) there is no established preference among the majority of customers with respect to choice of suppliers (RESP, utility or other) for value-added services, although there are limited preferences for the RESP to provide billing, energy information and green power, and for a third party provider to deliver energy efficiency.

William Golove; Rodrigo Prudencio; Ryan Wiser; Charles Goldman; Beyond The Hype; William Golove

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Model Checking Partial State Spaces with 3-Valued Temporal Logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of relating the result of model checking a partial state space of a system to the properties actually possessed by the system. We represent incomplete state spaces as partial Kripke structures, and give a 3-valued interpretation ...

Glenn Bruns; Patrice Godefroid

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER CNRS searcher, CEFC, Centre d'Etudes Français, local governments, traders and westerns companies. China's industrial take-off surprised economists, but it now lasted for twenty years with the industrial growth rate still higher than 10%. China has changed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Compact multiple-valued multiplexers using negative differential resistance devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-Quantum electronic devices with negative differen-tial resistance (NDR) characteristics have been used to design compact multiplexers. These multiplexers may be used either as analog multiplexers where the signal on a single select line selects one out of four analog inputs, or as four-valued logic multiplexers where the select line and the input lines represent one of four quantized signal values and the output line corre-sponds to the selected input. Any four-valued logic function can be implemented using only four-valued multiplexers (also known as T-gates), and this T-gate uses just 13 devices (transistors) as compared to 44 devices in CMOS. The design of the T-gate was done using a combination of resonant tunneling diodes (RTD’s) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBT’s) with the folded I-V characteristic (NDR characteristic) of the RTD’s providing the compact logic implementation and the HBT’s providing the gain and isolation. The application of the same design principles to the design of T-gates using other NDR devices such as reso-nant tunneling hot electron transistors (RHET’s) and resonant tunneling bipolar transistors (RTBT’s) is also demonstrated. I.

H. L. Chan; S. Mohan; Pinaki Mazumder; Senior Member; George I. Haddad

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Adding value to log event correlation using distributed techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Log management and monitoring activities have traditionally proved very useful in detecting system and network faults. Increasingly, log monitoring has also been recognized for its value in detecting and thwarting malicious behavior on systems and the ... Keywords: common event expression, event correlation, insider threat, insider threat detection, log management, web server logs

Justin Myers; Michael R. Grimaila; Robert F. Mills

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to describe the Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) value-added product (VAP) and the procedures used to derive atmospheric temperature profiles from the raw RL measurements. Sections 2 and 4 describe the input and output variables, respectively. Section 3 discusses the theory behind the measurement and the details of the algorithm, including calibration and overlap correction.

Newsom, RK; Sivaraman, C; McFarlane, SA

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Measurement of the solar heat gain coefficient and U value of windows with insect screens  

SciTech Connect

Energy ratings are currently being used in a number of countries to assist in the selection of windows and doors based on energy performance. Developed for simple comparison purposes, these rating numbers do not take into account window removable attachments such as insect screens that are, nevertheless, widely used. Research was carried out to assess the effect of insect screens on the heat gains and losses of windows. The work reported in this paper deals with the effect of one screen type on the performance of a base-case, double-glazed window. Using an indoor solar simulator facility, measurements of the window solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) and U value were made for different screen attachment configurations and climatic conditions. Results with the sample window tested indicate that insect screens placed on the outdoor side can reduce its SHGC by 46% with only a 7% reduction in its U value (0.19 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}C), and that insect screens placed on the indoor side can reduce its SHGC by 15% while reducing its U value by 14% (0.38 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}C).

Brunger, A.; Dubrous, F.M.; Harrison, S.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome this market barrier. Candidate value propositions for the initial case study were chosen to enhance consumer acceptance of PHEVs and/or compatibility with the grid. Potential benefits of such grid-connected vehicles include the ability to supply peak load or emergency power requirements of the grid, enabling utilities to size their generation capacity and contingency resources at levels below peak. Different models for vehicle/battery ownership, leasing, financing and operation, as well as the grid, communications, and vehicle infrastructure needed to support the proposed value-added functions were explored during Phase 1. Rigorous power system, vehicle, financial and emissions modeling were utilized to help identify the most promising value propositions and market niches to focus PHEV deployment initiatives.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The Value of Distributed Generation under Different Tariff Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the volumetric electricity rate sensitivity. As expected,base case volumetric electricity rates. Figure 6 shows thecapacity for volumetric electricity rate sensitivity Figure

Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications (Report Summary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rates (planned and forced), and several operational parameters, such as ramp rates * Generator database was modified to include part-load heat rates based on Western Wind and...

404

Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide as a Hedge Against Volatile Natural Gas Price Speaker(s): Mark Bolinger Date: August 13, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Advocates of renewable energy and energy efficiency have long argued that such technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a utility's generation portfolio. These arguments - made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas and wholesale electricity price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001 - have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that renewables and efficiency provide. In evaluating this benefit, it is important to recognize that alternative price hedging instruments are

405

NREL: News - NREL Quantifies Significant Value in Concentrating Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

413 413 NREL Quantifies Significant Value in Concentrating Solar Power CSP with thermal energy storage boosts California electric grid April 24, 2013 Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have quantified the significant value that concentrating solar power (CSP) plants can add to an electric grid. The NREL researchers evaluated the operational impacts of CSP systems with thermal energy storage within the California electric grid managed by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). NREL used a commercial production cost model called PLEXOS to help plan system expansion, to evaluate aspects of system reliability, and to estimate fuel cost, emissions, and other operational factors within the CAISO system. The

406

High-value renewable energy from prairie grasses  

SciTech Connect

Projected economic benefits of renewable energy derived from a native prairie grass, switchgrass, include nonmarket values that can reduce net fuel costs to near zero. At a farm gate price of $44.00/dry Mg, an agricultural sector model predicts higher profits for switchgrass than conventional crops on 16.9 million hectares (ha). Benefits would include an annual increase of $6 billion in net farm returns, a $1.86 billion reduction in government subsidies, and displacement of 44-159 Tg/year (1 Tg = 10{sup 12} g) of greenhouse gas emissions. Incorporating these values into the pricing structure for switchgrass bioenergy could accelerate commercialization and provide net benefits to the U.S. economy.

McLaughlin Jr, Samuel B [ORNL; De La Torre Ugarte, D. [University of Tennessee; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College; Sanderson, M. [USDA ARS; Tolbert, Virginia R [ORNL; Wolf, D. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

PRIME VALUE METHOD TO PRIORITIZE RISK HANDLING STRATEGIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Funding for implementing risk handling strategies typically is allocated according to either the risk-averse approach (the worst risk first) or the cost-effective approach (the greatest risk reduction per implementation dollar first). This paper introduces a prime value approach in which risk handling strategies are prioritized according to how nearly they meet the goals of the organization that disburses funds for risk handling. The prime value approach factors in the importance of the project in which the risk has been identified, elements of both risk-averse and cost-effective approaches, and the time period in which the risk could happen. This paper also presents a prioritizer spreadsheet, which employs weighted criteria to calculate a relative rank for the handling strategy of each risk evaluated.

Noller, D

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work reported in this Technical Update is part of a larger project that is made up of multiple components and intends to utilize and enhance tools that can apply and value hydropower assets in the changing electric grid. The project employs several industry analyses and modeling tools at the unit level, the plant level, the system level, and the regional/national level for quantifying the benefits provided to transmission grids by conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric projects. The research proje...

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

409

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to quantify the full value of hydropower assets in a future electric grid, a team of researchers has looked at energy futures, regional markets, plant technologies, and operations. This report addresses the cost-side of the cost-benefit equation to be used when considering hydropower facility investments. It identifies construction and modification elements and estimates associated with costs for pumped storage, conventional hydro, and non-powered facilities. Cost data from original plant co...

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

410

Transmission Lines and Property Values: State of the Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growing energy demand and an aging electricity infrastructure underscore the need for new and upgraded transmission lines. Despite system failures and seasonal symptoms such as rolling brownouts, efforts to expand or improve transmission systems invariably meet with strong opposition. A primary source of this opposition comes from landowners who feel that the presence of a nearby transmission line may cause their property to decrease in value. A significant factor contributing to the contentious nature o...

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

Recovery of aluminum and other metal values from fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a method for improving the acid leachability of aluminum and other metal values found in fly ash which comprises sintering the fly ash, prior to acid leaching, with a calcium sulfate-containing composition at a temperature at which the calcium sulfate is retained in said composition during sintering and for a time sufficient to quantitatively convert the aluminum in said fly ash into an acid-leachable form.

McDowell, W.J.; Seeley, F.G.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Recovery of aluminum and other metal values from fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein relates to a method for improving the acid leachability of aluminum and other metal values found in fly ash which comprises sintering the fly ash, prior to acid leaching, with a calcium sulfate-containing composition at a temperature at which the calcium sulfate is retained in said composition during sintering and for a time sufficient to quantitatively convert the aluminum in said fly ash into an acid-leachable form.

McDowell, William J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Seeley, Forest G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Revenues from Ancillary Services and the Value of Operational Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement toward competitive regional wholesale power markets is creating the requirement and opportunity for generators to sell ancillary services in addition to energy. Calculation of revenues and net income from these sources is critical to assessing asset values, evaluating investments in order to obtain greater operating flexibility, and determining whether to retire or mothball units. This report reviews the status of ancillary services market development in the United States and Canada, and dem...

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

414

On the quality and value of information in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing use of sensor-derived information from planned, ad-hoc, and/or opportunistically deployed sensor networks provides enhanced visibility to everyday activities and processes, enabling fast-paced data-to-decision in personal, social, civilian, ... Keywords: AHP, Internet of things, IoT, QoI, Quality of information, VoI, analytic hierarchy process, information systems, metadata, provenance, sensor information fusion, value of information

Chatschik Bisdikian, Lance M. Kaplan, Mani B. Srivastava

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

PROCESS OF ELIMINATING HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN SOLUTIONS CONTAINING PLUTONIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A procedure is given for peroxide precipitation processes for separating and recovering plutonium values contained in an aqueous solution. When plutonium peroxide is precipitated from an aqueous solution, the supernatant contains appreciable quantities of plutonium and peroxide. It is desirable to process this solution further to recover plutonium contained therein, but the presence of the peroxide introduces difficulties; residual hydrogen peroxide contained in the supernatant solution is eliminated by adding a nitrite or a sulfite to this solution.

Barrick, J.G.; Fries, B.A.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

416

Valuing Energy Security: Customer Damage Function Methodology and Case Studies at DoD Installations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a methodology to value non-energy savings that can be attributed to energy security projects. The methodology is based on: (1) completing a site survey to collect data on two hypothetical outage scenarios lasting for different durations to compute a customer damage function (CDF), which represents interruption costs as a function of the outage duration; (2) characterizing the reliability of the commercial power supply at the site; and (3) estimating the value of electrical energy security (VEES), which is a metric that characterizes on an annual basis the cost of utility outages. The avoided cost of commercial power outages can be used as ancillary non-energy savings to increase the return on investment of energy security projects.

Giraldez, J.; Booth, S.; Anderson, K.; Massey, K.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Analysis of the Current Use, Benefit, and Value of the Open Science Grid  

SciTech Connect

The Open Science Grid usage has ramped up more than 25% in the past twelve months due to both the increase in throughput of the core stakeholders - US LHC, LIGO and Run II - and increase in usage by nonphysics communities. It is important to understand the value collaborative projects, such as the OSG, contribute to the scientific community. This needs to be cognizant of the environment of commercial cloud offerings, the evolving and maturing middleware for grid based distributed computing, and the evolution in science and research dependence on computation. We present a first categorization of OSG value and analysis across several different aspects of the Consortium's goals and activities. And lastly, we presents some of the upcoming challenges of LHC data analysis ramp up and our ongoing contributions to the World Wide LHC Computing Grid.

Pordes, R.; /Fermilab

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Michigan Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 138,910 144,537 131,855 127,287 146,996 146,145 155,988 1990's 106,193 189,497 190,637 199,746 216,268 238,203 245,740 305,950 278,076 277,364 2000's 296,556 275,036 274,476 236,987 259,681 261,112 NA NA 153,130 159,400 2010's 151,886 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

419

Wyoming Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 395,656 447,615 416,565 352,858 407,863 471,095 623,915 1990's 690,356 711,799 765,254 63,667 14,283 12,449 27,821 719,933 1,004,020 1,079,375 2000's 1,240,038 1,359,868 1,533,724 1,561,322 1,724,725 1,729,760 1,811,992 1,916,238 2,116,818 2,239,778 2010's 2,318,486 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages:

420

Arkansas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 78,097 75,575 86,552 68,206 42,688 102,046 42,226 1990's 99,456 83,864 85,177 122,596 24,326 180,117 76,671 71,449 61,012 54,382 2000's 55,057 16,901 161,871 166,329 183,299 190,533 193,491 269,886 446,551 680,613 2010's 936,600 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

New Mexico Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 884,517 925,298 880,307 676,886 790,639 752,629 833,593 1990's 949,735 1,029,824 1,274,220 1,489,052 1,510,804 1,480,327 1,553,103 1,540,157 1,483,370 1,511,671 2000's 1,685,664 1,670,644 1,614,045 1,576,639 1,578,773 1,571,920 1,562,754 1,495,615 895,675 1,370,727 2010's 1,287,399 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

422

Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 211,569 211,579 222,637 304,841 271,120 228,284 192,760 1990's 191,798 200,557 206,259 224,786 201,891 227,797 193,278 191,017 192,982 186,727 2000's 189,896 197,735 200,871 199,616 413,667 502,887 494,323 368,344 337,359 397,077 2010's 316,546 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

423

Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 59,051 56,685 42,925 34,164 35,674 45,488 41,614 1990's 37,229 35,972 51,219 75,474 70,489 54,964 493,069 583,370 560,414 544,020 2000's 521,215 376,241 370,753 348,722 304,212 285,237 274,176 259,062 246,747 225,666 2010's 212,769 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

424

Oklahoma Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,730,061 1,985,869 1,936,341 1,917,493 2,004,797 2,106,632 2,185,204 1990's 2,186,153 2,119,161 1,937,224 2,005,971 1,879,257 1,765,788 1,751,487 1,452,233 1,644,531 1,577,961 2000's 1,612,890 1,477,058 1,456,375 1,531,657 1,584,905 1,571,615 1,683,563 1,589,871 1,765,988 1,621,316 2010's 1,408,061 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

425

Texas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 6,227,995 6,630,246 6,367,936 6,465,964 6,414,021 6,386,544 6,276,968 1990's 6,476,032 6,066,256 5,893,069 5,769,437 5,834,671 5,592,323 4,684,140 4,716,304 4,777,945 5,719,128 2000's 5,869,901 5,159,233 5,166,315 5,186,213 5,271,306 5,539,052 5,993,702 6,454,249 7,483,842 7,623,747 2010's 7,470,752 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

426

Montana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 47,751 47,534 46,113 42,203 42,814 47,748 52,044 1990's 45,998 48,075 50,359 58,810 51,953 46,739 46,868 50,409 51,967 55,780 2000's 67,294 78,493 86,075 86,027 90,771 101,666 106,843 110,942 802,619 293,941 2010's 87,539 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

427

North Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 69,319 60,111 62,371 58,593 51,671 21,240 12,290 1990's 11,537 5,138 3,994 4,420 0 0 0 52,401 53,185 52,862 2000's 48,714 57,949 57,015 57,808 59,513 57,972 53,675 54,745 52,469 59,369 2010's 81,837 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

428

Louisiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,149,192 3,650,412 3,179,306 2,986,468 3,243,795 3,158,903 3,066,789 1990's 3,780,551 3,355,867 3,404,963 3,454,646 3,562,360 3,709,015 3,976,305 5,398,216 5,410,523 5,265,670 2000's 3,587,815 1,529,733 1,365,925 1,350,399 1,357,366 1,296,048 1,361,119 1,275,806 1,292,478 1,449,809 2010's 2,140,525 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014

429

California Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) California Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 282,639 343,079 361,739 329,366 346,720 327,399 283,509 1990's 275,738 211,841 195,515 76,381 199,649 263 37,823 219,216 264,810 382,715 2000's 323,864 328,778 309,399 293,691 276,520 274,817 278,933 268,016 263,107 241,916 2010's 251,559 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

430

Mississippi Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 211,116 206,871 178,426 197,217 195,299 196,912 148,167 1990's 149,012 126,637 129,340 131,450 105,646 95,349 88,805 98,075 88,723 83,232 2000's 70,965 76,986 112,979 133,901 145,692 52,923 60,531 73,460 96,641 97,258 2010's 73,721 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

431

Colorado Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 139,820 143,552 126,037 163,684 164,557 191,544 216,737 1990's 242,997 271,159 314,105 388,016 441,343 511,513 559,473 637,375 696,321 705,477 2000's 735,332 800,712 819,205 989,678 1,058,383 1,106,993 1,170,819 1,280,638 1,436,203 1,409,172 2010's 1,548,576 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

432

High-Performance Buildings – Value, Messaging, Financial and Policy Mechanisms  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, an in-depth analysis of the rapidly evolving state of real estate investments, high-performance building technology, and interest in efficiency was conducted by HaydenTanner, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Program. The analysis objectives were • to evaluate the link between high-performance buildings and their market value • to identify core messaging to motivate owners, investors, financiers, and others in the real estate sector to appropriately value and deploy high-performance strategies and technologies across new and existing buildings • to summarize financial mechanisms that facilitate increased investment in these buildings. To meet these objectives, work consisted of a literature review of relevant writings, examination of existing and emergent financial and policy mechanisms, interviews with industry stakeholders, and an evaluation of the value implications through financial modeling. This report documents the analysis methodology and findings, conclusion and recommendations. Its intent is to support and inform the DOE Building Technologies Program on policy and program planning for the financing of high-performance new buildings and building retrofit projects.

McCabe, Molly

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

433

Timing Affects Switchgrass Production, Forage Nutritive Value, and Nutrient Removal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has potential for both bioenergy and forage. The objectives of this experiment were to: i) determine whether switchgrass could be harvested for greater nutritive value during the vegetative stage relative to early reproductive growth (boot stage); ii) compare biomass yields of switchgrass harvested once versus twice per year for bioenergy; and iii) examine effects of N fertilizer rates on harvest systems. The experiment was a randomized complete block design with a split-plot arrangement of harvest system treatments as main plot (harvest once per year after frost, harvest twice per year first at vegetative or boot stage and regrowth after frost) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer rate as subplots (0, 90, 180, and 270 kg N ha-1). Biomass yield was greatest and nutrient concentrations were least in the one-cut system. For the two-cut system, nutritive values and yields were similar. Total annual biomass increased linearly with N fertilization. Across N rates, CP concentration for the two-cut systems was 50 % greater (71 g kg-1) and ADF and NDF concentrations were 20 % lesser (465 and 856 g kg-1, respectively) than switchgrass in the one-cut system. Switchgrass harvested at vegetative through boot stage and its regrowth could provide forage of acceptable nutritive value to beef cows. However, greater nutrient removal requires appropriate soil fertility evaluation and fertilizer management for sustainable yields.

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Value Added Energy Information Systems VAEIS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Value Added Energy Information Systems VAEIS Value Added Energy Information Systems VAEIS Jump to: navigation, search Name Value Added Energy Information Systems (VAEIS) Place Arlington, New Hampshire Zip 2474 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Provides turn-key monitoring systems for the performance of solar, wind, fuel cell and other distributed generation installations. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

435

Kentucky Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 46,720 61,518 73,126 80,195 70,125 44,725 72,417 1990's 75,333 78,904 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 79,547 81,868 76,770 2000's 81,545 81,723 88,259 87,609 94,259 92,795 95,320 95,437 114,116 NA 2010's 135,355 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

436

Ohio Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 149,096 184,651 180,458 180,287 164,960 166,690 159,730 1990's 154,619 146,189 143,381 135,939 130,855 125,085 119,251 116,246 108,542 102,505 2000's 98,551 97,272 103,158 120,081 119,847 83,523 86,315 88,095 84,858 88,824 2010's 78,122 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

437

New York Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) New York Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 17,836 25,200 31,561 22,964 25,676 23,455 20,433 1990's 25,023 21,704 22,543 20,620 19,684 17,325 0 15,415 15,415 15,426 2000's 17,166 27,187 35,941 35,044 45,436 54,377 55,344 54,942 50,320 44,849 2010's 35,241 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

438

Four-valued Knowledge Augmentation for Representing Structured Documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structured documents are composed of objects with a content and a logical structure. The effective retrieval of structured documents requires models that provide for a content-based retrieval of objects that takes into account their logical structure, so that the relevance of an object is not solely based on its content, but also on the logical structure among objects.

Mounia Lalmas; Thomas Roelleke

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Elicitation of situated values: need for tools to help stakeholders and designers to reflect and communicate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Explicitly considering human values in the design process of socio-technical systems has become a responsibility of designers. It is, however, challenging to design for values because (1) relevant values must be identified and communicated between all ... Keywords: Design methods, Self-reflection, Situated values, Value elicitation, Value sensitive design

Alina Pommeranz; Christian Detweiler; Pascal Wiggers; Catholijn Jonker

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Analyze Constraint Behavior to Discover Hidden Value in your Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rule-based control systems are gaining wide acceptance as closed-loop energy management and process optimization systems. They perform particularly well in complex or difficult to model processes because they do not require expensive and maintenance-inte

Morrison, R.; Moore, D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock would use a coal gasifier to convert the coal tosynthesis gas. Most coal gasifier-based ammonia plants areof a modern entrained bed gasifier, selexol gas cleanup and

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

U.S. Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area: U.S. Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Florida Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Mexico New York North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia West Virginia Wyoming Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Ft.)

443

Gravity, energy conservation and parameter values in collapse models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We interpret the probability rule of the CSL collapse theory to mean that the scalar field which causes collapse is the grvitational curvature scalar with two sources, the expectation value of the mass density and a white noise fluctuating source. We examine two models of the fluctuating source, monopole fluctuations and dipole fluctuations, and show that these correspond to two well known collapse models. We relate the two GRW parameters of CSL to fundamental constants, and explain the energy increase as arising from the loss of vacuum gravitational energy. It is shown how a problem with semi-classical grvity may be cured when it is combined with a CSL collapse model.

Philip Pearle; Euan Squires

1995-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

444

Fractional extensions of some boundary value problems in oil strata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper, we solve three boundary value problems related to the temperature field in oil strata -- the fractional extensions of the incomplete lumped formulation and lumped formulation in the linear case and the fractional generalization of the incomplete lumped formulation in the radial case. By using the Caputo differintegral operator and the Laplace transform, the solutions are obtained in integral forms where the integrand is expressed in terms of the convolution of some auxiliary functions of Wright function type. A generalization of the Laplace transform convolution theorem, known as Efros' theorem is widely used.

Garg, Mridula

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Estimating the economic value of wind forecasting to utilities  

SciTech Connect

Utilities are sometimes reluctant to assign capacity value to wind plants because they are an intermittent resource. One of the potential difficulties is that the output of a wind plant may not be known in advance, thereby making it difficult for the utility to consider wind output as firm. In this paper, we examine the economics of an accurate wind forecast, and provide a range of estimates calculated by a production cost model and real utility data. We discuss how an accurate forecast will affect resource scheduling and the mechanism by which resource scheduling can benefit from an accurate wind forecast.

Milligan, M.R.; Miller, A.H. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Chapman, F. [Environmental Defense Fund, Oakland, CA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Attributes and Values of Folk and Popular Songs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and targeted for sale to an audience at a price. The audience is reached through a mechanical medium. Attributes and Values of Folk and Popular Songs 145 Section II: Emerging Changes- The Development of Rigsar Songs Origin of Rigsar Songs The first instance... and floods that destroy crops, cattle, lives and property43. Nature - A Living Entity Nature is believed to be a living force, a conscious entity possessing all the qualities of life, not an object or a mere biomass. Therefore, the sun, moon, sky, earth...

Kinga, Sonam

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Prediction of Aortic Diameter Values in Healthy Turkish Infants, Children, and Adolescents by Using Artificial Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aorta is the largest vessel in the systemic circuit. Its diameter is very important to guess for child before adult age, due to growing up body. Aortic diameter, one of the cardiac values, changes in time. Evaluation of the cardiac structures and ... Keywords: Aortic diameter, Artificial neural network, Echocardiography, Line based, Normalization, Pediatric cardiology

Bayram Akdemir; Bülent Oran; Salih Gunes; Sevim Karaaslan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

On the value of 3D seismic amplitude data to reduce uncertainty in the forecast of reservoir production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the value of 3D seismic amplitude data to reduce uncertainty in the forecast of reservoir of this paper. We have approached the problem of assessing uncertainty in production forecasts by constructing the original distribution of petrophysical properties and to forecast oil production based on limited

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

449

The Muon (g-2) Theory Value: Present and Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper briefly reviews the present status of the muon (g-2) Standard-Model prediction. This value results in a 3 - 4 standard-deviation difference with the experimental result from Brookhaven E821. The present experimental uncertainty is $\\pm 63 \\times 10^{-11}$ (0.54~ppm), and the Standard-Model uncertainty is $\\simeq \\pm 49 \\times 10^{-11}$. Fermilab experiment E989 has the goal to reduce the experimental error to $\\pm 16 \\times 10^{-11}$. Improvements in the Standard-Model value, which should be achieved between now and when the first results from Fermilab E989 could be available, should lead to a Standard-Model uncertainty of $\\sim \\,\\pm 35 \\times 10^{-11}$. These improvements would halve the uncertainty on the difference between experiment and theory, and should clarify whether the current difference points toward New Physics, or to a statistical fluctuation. At present, the (g-2) result is arguably the most compelling indicator of physics beyond the Standard Model and, at the very least, it represents a major constraint for speculative new theories such as supersymmetry, dark gauge bosons or extra dimensions.

Thomas Blum; Achim Denig; Ivan Logashenko; Eduardo de Rafael; B. Lee Roberts; Thomas Teubner; Graziano Venanzoni

2013-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

450

Value of Faster Computation for Power Grid Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of the grid evolution meeting the information revolution, the power grid is becoming far more complex than it used to be. How to feed data in, perform analysis, and extract information in a real-time manner is a fundamental challenge in today’s power grid operation, not to mention the significantly increased complexity in the smart grid environment. Therefore, high performance computing (HPC) becomes one of the advanced technologies used to meet the requirement of real-time operation. This paper presents benefit case studies to show the value of fast computation for operation. Two fundamental operation functions, state estimation (SE) and contingency analysis (CA), are used as examples. In contrast with today’s tools, fast SE can estimate system status in a few seconds—comparable to measurement cycles. Fast CA can solve more contingencies in a shorter period, reducing the possibility of missing critical contingencies. The benefit case study results clearly show the value of faster computation for increasing the reliability and efficiency of power system operation.

Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Elizondo, Marcelo A.

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

451

Polk-Burnett Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Place Wisconsin Utility Id 15344 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Off-Peak Dual Fuel Energy Commercial Off-Peak Interruptible Energy Commercial Off-Peak Storage Energy Commercial Residential, Seasonal-Single Phase Residential Residential, Seasonal-Three Phase Residential Seasonal, Commercial-Single Phase Commercial Seasonal, Commercial-Three Phase Commercial Security Lights 100-175W Security Light Lighting

452

Connexus Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connexus Energy Connexus Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Connexus Energy Place Minnesota Utility Id 689 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Air Source Heat Pump Residential Controlled Irrigation Industrial Controlled Off-Peak Energy Storage - Commercial Commercial Controlled Off-Peak Energy Storage - Industrial Industrial Controlled Off-Peak Energy Storage - Residential Residential Critical Peak Pricing Pilot Residential E100 Residential

453

Todd-Wadena Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Todd-Wadena Electric Coop Todd-Wadena Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Todd-Wadena Electric Coop Place Minnesota Utility Id 27422 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Commercial Irrigation Service Residential Irrigation Service - Uncontrolled Residential Large Power - Peak Alert - Full/Partial Interruptible Commercial Large Power Service Commercial Off-Peak Space Heating, Auto Backup Commercial Off-Peak Space Heating, Storage Heat Commercial Off-Peak Space Heating, Wood Backup Commercial

454

The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of the California's two largest electric utilities, under existing net metering tariffs as well as under several alternative compensation mechanisms. We find that economic value of PV to the customer is dependent on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate and can vary quite significantly from one customer to another. In addition, we find that the value of the bill savings from PV generally declines with PV penetration level, as increased PV generation tends to offset lower-priced usage. Customers in our sample from both utilities are significantly better off with net metering than with a feed-in tariff where all PV generation is compensated at long-run avoided generation supply costs. Other compensation schemeswhich allow customers to displace their consumption with PV generation within each hour or each month, and are also based on the avoided costs, yield similar value to the customer as net metering.

Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

455

Address-Value Delta (AVD) Prediction: A Hardware Technique for Efficiently Parallelizing Dependent Cache Misses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While runahead execution is effective at parallelizing independent long-latency cache misses, it is unable to parallelize dependent long-latency cache misses. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel hardware technique, address-value delta (AVD) prediction. An AVD predictor keeps track of the address (pointer) load instructions for which the arithmetic difference (i.e., delta) between the effective address and the data value is stable. If such a load instruction incurs a long-latency cache miss during runahead execution, its data value is predicted by subtracting the stable delta from its effective address. This prediction enables the preexecution of dependent instructions, including load instructions that incur long-latency cache misses. We analyze why and for what kind of loads AVD prediction works and describe the design of an implementable AVD predictor. We also describe simple hardware and software optimizations that can significantly improve the benefits of AVD prediction and analyze the interaction of AVD prediction with runahead efficiency techniques and stream-based data prefetching. Our analysis shows that AVD prediction is complementary to these techniques. Our results show that augmenting a runahead processor with a simple, 16-entry AVD predictor improves the average execution time of a set of pointer-intensive applications by 14.3 percent (7.5 percent excluding benchmark health).

Onur Mutlu; Hyesoon Kim; Yale N. Patt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of the California's two largest electric utilities, under existing net metering tariffs as well as under several alternative compensation mechanisms. We find that economic value of PV to the customer is dependent on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate and can vary quite significantly from one customer to another. In addition, we find that the value of the bill savings from PV generally declines with PV penetration level, as increased PV generation tends to offset lower-priced usage. Customers in our sample from both utilities are significantly better off with net metering than with a feed-in tariff where all PV generation is compensated at long-run avoided generation supply costs. Other compensation schemeswhich allow customers to displace their consumption with PV generation within each hour or each month, and are also based on the avoided costs, yield similar value to the customer as net metering.

Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

RANGE AND DISTRIBUTION OF TECHNETIUM KD VALUES IN THE SRS SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENT  

SciTech Connect

Performance assessments (PAs) are risk calculations used to estimate the amount of low-level radioactive waste that can be disposed at DOE sites. Distribution coefficients (K{sub d} values) are input parameters used in PA calculations to provide a measure of radionuclide sorption to sediment; the greater the K{sub d} value, the greater the sorption and the slower the estimated movement of the radionuclide through sediment. Understanding and quantifying K{sub d} value variability is important for estimating the uncertainty of PA calculations. Without this information, it is necessary to make overly conservative estimates about the possible limits of K{sub d} values, which in turn may increase disposal costs. Finally, technetium is commonly found to be amongst the radionuclides posing potential risk at waste disposal locations because it is believed to be highly mobile in its anionic form (pertechnetate, TcO{sub 4}{sup -}), it exists in relatively high concentrations in SRS waste, and it has a long half-life (213,000 years). The objectives of this laboratory study were to determine under SRS environmental conditions: (1) whether and to what extent TcO{sub 4}{sup -} sorbs to sediments, (2) the range of Tc K{sub d} values, (3) the distribution (normal or log-normal) of Tc K{sub d} values, and (4) how strongly Tc sorbs to SRS sediments through desorption experiments. Objective 3, to identify the Tc K{sub d} distribution is important because it provides a statistical description that influences stochastic modeling of estimated risk. The approach taken was to collect 26 sediments from a non-radioactive containing sediment core collected from E-Area, measure Tc K{sub d} values and then perform statistical analysis to describe the measured Tc K{sub d} values. The mean K{sub d} value was 3.4 {+-} 0.5 mL/g and ranged from -2.9 to 11.2 mL/g. The data did not have a Normal distribution (as defined by the Shapiro-Wilk's Statistic) and had a 95-percentile range of 2.4 to 4.4 mL/g. The E-Area subsurface is subdivided into three hydrostratigraphic layers: Upper Vadose Zone (11 to 30 ft depth), Lower Vadose Zone (30 to 51 ft depth), and aquifer (51 to 95 ft depth). The Upper Vadose Zone generally contains more clay than the Lower Vadose Zone, and the Aquifer tends to be made up of mostly sand layers with clay strata. The mean K{sub d} values of each of these zones did not differ significantly and the K{sub d} values from each zone were not from the Normal distribution. The ranges of values were greatest in the Upper Vadose Zone and least in the Lower Vadose Zone. Previous Best Estimate Tc K{sub d} values for Sandy Sediment and Clayey Sediment were 0.1 and 0.2 mL/g, respectively (Kaplan 2007a). A more thorough review indicates that the Best Estimates for Sandy Sediment is 0.1 mL/g and for Clayey Sediment is 0.8 mL/g (Kaplan 2007b). This current dataset greatly increases the number of Tc K{sub d} values measured with SRS sediments, but perhaps more importantly, provides a better estimate for E-Area sediments, and provides a measure of Tc K{sub d} distributions. Based on this dataset, the best overall Tc K{sub d} value for E-Area is the mean, 3.4 mL/g, with a log-normal distribution between the 95 percentile values of 2.4 to 4.4 mL/g. This document version differs from the earlier version, SRNS-STI-2008-00286, in that it includes some editorial corrections. This version does not contain any technical changes or changes to the conclusions presented in the earlier version.

Kaplan, D

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

CHANGES IN MOISTURE, CARBON, NITROGEN, SULPHUR, VOLATILES, AND CALORIFIC VALUE OF MISCANTHUS DURING TORREFACTION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Torrefaction tests were carried out on miscanthus samples in order to understand the changes in chemical composition at temperatures of 250–350°C and residence times of 30–120 minutes. The raw material chemical composition was moisture content 7.97%, moisture-free carbon (C) 47.73%, hydrogen (H) 5.85%, nitrogen (N) 0.28%, sulphur (S) 0.02%, volatiles (V) 83.29% for volatiles, and moisture and ash-free (MAF) calorific value (CV) 8423 BTU/lb (19.59 MJ/kg). Torrefaction at temperatures of 250°C and residence time of 30 minutes resulted in a significant decrease in moisture by about 82.68%, but the other components, C, H, N, S, and V changed only marginally. Increasing the torrefaction temperature to 350°C and residence time to 120 minutes further reduced the moisture to a final value of 0.54% (a 93.2% reduction compared to original) and also resulted in a significant decrease in the other components, H, N, and V by 58.29%, 14.28%, and 70.45%, respectively. The carbon content at 350°C and 120 minutes increased by about 4% and sulfur values were below detection limits. The calorific values increased by about 5.59% at 250°C and 30 minutes, whereas at 350°C and 120 minutes, the increase was much greater (about 75.61%) and resulted in a maximum degree of carbonization of 1.60. The H/C ratio decreased with an increase in torrefaction temperature, where a minimum value of 0.6 was observed at 350°C and 120 minutes. The regression equations developed with respect to torrefaction temperature and times have adequately described the changes in chemical composition. The surface plots developed based on the regression equations indicate that torrefaction temperatures of 300–350°C and residence times of 30–120 minutes residence time can help to increase carbon content, calorific value, and degree of carbonization to > 49.4%, >11,990 BTU/lb (27 MJ/kg), and 1.4, and reduce moisture, nitrogen, volatile, and the H/C ratio to 0.525–0.725, 2.9–3.9, 0.225–0.235, and <1.4.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; Richard Boardman; Christopher Wright; John Heintzelman

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermentation Fermentation of soybean hulls to ethanol while preserving protein value Jonathan R. Mielenz a,b, * , John S. Bardsley a,c , Charles E. Wyman a,d a Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, United States b BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, United States c Mascoma Corporation, Lebanon, NH 03766, United States d Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92507, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 August 2008 Received in revised form 11 February 2009 Accepted 11 February 2009 Available online 27 March 2009 Keywords: Ethanol SSF Biomass Agricultural residue Animal feed a b s t r a c t Soybean hulls were evaluated as a resource for production of ethanol by the simultaneous saccharifica- tion and fermentation (SSF) process, and no pretreatment

460

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System (EVMS) System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) Issued by Office of Acquisition and Project Management MA-63 September 30, 2013 V2 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Acquisition and Project Management (OAPM) EVMS SURVEILLANCE SOP (ESSOP) SEPTEMBER 30, 2013 ii Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) OPR: MA-63 Update V2: September 30, 2013 1. PURPOSE. This EVMS Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) serves as a primary reference for OAPM MA-63 when conducting EVM System-level assessments. DOE Order (O) 413.3B, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-11, and the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) require implementation of an EVMS on DOE capital asset

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage for Energy Storage for Grid Applications Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, Marissa Hummon, Thomas Jenkin, and David Palchak National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brendan Kirby Consultant Ookie Ma U.S. Department of Energy Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-58465 May 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, Marissa Hummon, Thomas Jenkin, and David Palchak

462

Value distribution assessment of geothermal development in Lake County, CA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A value distribution assessment is defined as the determination of the distribution of benefits and costs of a proposed or actual development, with the intent of comparing such a development with alternative plans. Included are not only the social and economic effects, but also people's perceptions of their roles and how they are affected by the proposed or actual development. Discussion is presented under the following section headings: on morality and ethics; the vanishing community; case study of pre-development planning--Lake County; methodology for research; Lake County geothermal energy resource; decision making; Planning Commission hearing; communication examples; benefit tracing; response to issues raised by the report of the State Geothermal Task Force; and, conclusions and recommendations. (JGB)

Churchman, C.W.; Nelson, H.G.; Eacret, K.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Modeling and Analysis Session: Market, Value, and Policy Analysis (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Primary objectives: to provide a broad range of analytical support to the Solar Program; and to anticipate and respond to the rapidly evolving analytical needs of the Solar Program. Three broad types of analysis are being carried out under this project including: (1) Market analysis: Developing a PV market penetration model--the SolarDS model--and other tools, in order to gain insight into the factors influencing market penetration of PV technology in U.S. markets. (2) Value analysis: Providing inputs to, support for, and review of the annual GPRA benefits analysis. Also developing methods and tools for improving the quantification of the benefits and cost of solar technologies. (3) Policy analysis: Defining and carrying out analysis that meets the needs of the Solar Energy Technologies Program in a timely fashion, for example evaluating the potential role of solar in the energy economy in the long-term.

Margolis, R. M.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Customer Value Proposition Smart Grid (KEL) (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Proposition Smart Grid (KEL) (Smart Grid Project) Proposition Smart Grid (KEL) (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Customer Value Proposition Smart Grid (KEL) Country Sweden Headquarters Location Gothenburg, Sweden Coordinates 57.696995°, 11.9865° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57.696995,"lon":11.9865,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

465

Micropulse Lidar Cloud Mask Value-Added Product Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lidar backscattered signal is a useful tool for identifying vertical cloud structure in the atmosphere in optically thin clouds. Cloud boundaries derived from lidar signals are a necessary input for popular ARM data products, such as the Active Remote Sensing of Clouds (ARSCL) product. An operational cloud boundary algorithm (Wang and Sassen 2001) has been implemented for use with the ARM Micropulse Lidar (MPL) systems. In addition to retrieving cloud boundaries above 500 m, the value-added product (VAP) named Micropulse Lidar Cloud Mask (MPLCMASK) applies lidar-specific corrections (i.e., range-square, background, deadtime, and overlap) as described in Campbell et al. (2002) to the measured backscattered lidar. Depolarization ratio is computed using the methodology developed by Flynn et al. (2007) for polarization-capable MPL systems. The cloud boundaries output from MPLCMASK will be the primary lidar cloud mask for input to the ARSCL product and will be applied to all MPL systems, including historical data sets.

Sivaraman, C; Comstock, J

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

466

Status and Value of International Standards for Nuclear Criticality Safety  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an update to the author's standards report provided at the ICNC-2007 meeting. It includes a discussion about the difference between, and the value of participating in, the development of international 'consensus' standards as opposed to nonconsensus standards. Standards are developed for a myriad of reasons. Generally, standards represent an agreed upon, repeatable way of doing something as defined by an individual or group of people. They come in various types. Examples include personal, family, business, industrial, commercial, and regulatory such as military, community, state, federal, and international standards. Typically, national and international 'consensus' standards are developed by individuals and organizations of diverse backgrounds representing the subject matter users and developers of a service or product and other interested parties or organizations. Within the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Technical Committee 85 (TC85) on nuclear energy, Subcommittee 5 (SC5) on nuclear fuel technology, there is a Working Group 8 (WG8) on standardization of calculations, procedures, and practices related to criticality safety. WG8 has developed, and is developing, ISO standards within the category of nuclear criticality safety of fissionable materials outside of reactors (i.e., nonreactor fissionable material nuclear fuel cycle facilities). Since the presentation of the ICNC-2007 report, WG8 has issued three new finalized international standards and is developing two more new standards. Nearly all elements of the published WG8 ISO standards have been incorporated into IAEA nonconsensus guides and standards. The progression of consensus standards development among international partners in a collegial environment establishes a synergy of different concepts that broadens the perspectives of the members. This breadth of perspectives benefits the working group members in their considerations of consensus standards developments in their own countries. A testament to the value of the international standards efforts is that nearly all elements of the published WG8 ISO standards have been incorporated into IAEA nonconsensus guides and standards and are mainly consistent with international ISO member domestic standards.

Hopper, Calvin Mitchell [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Adapting to the task environment: Explorations in expected value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small variations in how a task is designed can lead humans to trade off one set of strategies for another. In this paper we discuss our failure to model such tradeoffs in the Blocks World task using ACT-RÕs default mechanism for selecting the best production among competing productions. ACT-RÕs selection mechanism, its expected value equation, has had many successes (see, for example [Anderson, J. R., & Lebiere, C. (Eds.). (1998). Atomic components of thought. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.]) and a recognized strength of this approach is that, across a wide variety of tasks, it tends to produce models that adapt to their task environment about as fast as humans adapt. (This congruence with human behavior is in marked contrast to other popular ways of computing the utility of alternative choices; for example, Reinforcement Learning or most Connectionist learning methods.) We believe that the failure to model the Blocks World task stems from the requirement in ACT-R that all actions must be counted as a binary success or failure. In Blocks World, as well as in many other circumstances, actions can be met with mixed success or partial failure. Working within ACT-RÕs expected value equation we replace the binary success/failure judgment with three variations on a scalar one. We then compare the performance of each alternative with ACT-RÕs default scheme and with the human data. We conclude by discussing the limits and generality of our attempts to replace ACT-RÕs binary scheme with a scalar credit assignment mechanism.

Wayne D. Gray; Michael J. Schoelles; Chris R. Sims

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Sonde Adjust Value-Added Product Technical Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Sonde Adjust (SONDEADJUST) value-added product (VAP) creates a file that includes all fields from original Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM Facility) radiosonde files and contains several value-added fields that provide adjustments related to well-known humidity issues. SONDEADJUST produces data that correct documented biases in radiosonde humidity measurements. Previous efforts towards applying some of these corrections are available via the discontinued PI product sgpsondecorr1miloC1. Unique fields contained within this datastream include smoothed original relative humidity, dry bias corrected relative humidity, and final corrected relative humidity. The smoothed RH field refines the relative humidity from integers-the resolution of the instrument-to fractions of a percent. This profile is then used to calculate the dry bias corrected field. The final correction fixes the time-lag problem and uses the dry-bias field as input into the algorithm. In addition to dry bias, solar heating is another correction that is encompassed in the final corrected RH field. Output from SONDEADJUST differs from the previous RH-corrected datastreams in important ways. First, all three types of ARM radiosondes-Vaisala RS-80, RS-90, and RS-92-are corrected using dedicated procedures and/or parameters. Second, the output variables include all of those found in the original radiosonde file: dry bulb temperature, dewpoint temperature, wind speed, wind direction, eastward wind component, northward wind component, wind status (a Vaisala-produced field used in conjunction with the Loran system), ascent rate, and original relative humidity. Additional humidity fields are smoothed relative humidity, dry biased corrected relative humidity, final ambient relative humidity, and scaled adjusted relative humidity. Third, quality control (QC) flags of the fields from the original radiosonde datastream are brought into the SONDEADJUST output file. Additional QC variables are created for the new fields.

Troyan, D

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

469

Comprehensive carbon footprint analysis of the value chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mill Energy for chemicals Production of chemicals and fillers Pine supply Energy wood supply Spruce supply Chemicals and f illers Energy f or chemicals Energy f or p&p mill Pine supply Pulp and paper manuf, which are based on domestic wood supply increase the quantity and improve quality of raw material

470

The Business Intelligence Value Chain: Data-Driven Decision Support in a Data Warehouse Environment: An Exploratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent introduction of a spate of data access applications, such as OLAP and data mining tools, has led to an increased interest on the part of both scholars and practitioners on how best to use and benefit from these tools. This paper reports on six exploratory case studies involving eight decision-makers and seven endusers. A process model based on the Value Chain is proposed and explained. Results show that database usage and information processing practices have indeed grown more sophisticated. Implications for practice and future research aimed at testing the Value Chain model are proposed.

M. Kathryn Brohman; Michael Parent; Michael R. Pearce; Michael Wade

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Current trends in commercial cool storage. Final report. [Use of chilled water and ice storage to reduce demand charges and electric bills; 85 projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this study were to identify, by means of a phone-and-mail survey, recent installations of off-peak cool storage air conditioning systems in commercial buildings; to monitor new developments; and to indicate trends. This report contains descriptions of over 80 systems installed since 1981, plus findings and conclusions based on site-specific information. Analysis of the findings suggests that storage cooling systems in commercial buildings can, in many cases, offer technical and cost advantages over nonstorage systems. The detailed information should be of value to potential customers and HVAC engineers in making cooling equipment decisions that would be advantageous to customer, utility, and HVAC industry alike. 20 refs.

Hersh, H.N.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Status and Value of International Standards for Nuclear Criticality Safety  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an update to the author's standards report provided at the ICNC-2007 meeting. It includes a discussion about the difference between, and the value of participating in, the development of international 'consensus' standards as opposed to nonconsensus standards. Standards are developed for a myriad of reasons. Generally, standards represent an agreed upon, repeatable way of doing something as defined by an individual or group of people. They come in various types. Examples include personal, family, business, industrial, commercial, and regulatory such as military, community, state, federal, and international standards. Typically, national and international 'consensus' standards are developed by individuals and organizations of diverse backgrounds representing the subject matter users and developers of a service or product and other interested parties or organizations. Within the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Technical Committee 85 (TC85) on nuclear energy, Subcommittee 5 (SC5) on nuclear fuel technology, there is a Working Group 8 (WG8) on standardization of calculations, procedures, and practices related to criticality safety. WG8 has developed, and is developing, ISO standards within the category of nuclear criticality safety of fissionable materials outside of reactors (i.e., nonreactor fissionable material nuclear fuel cycle facilities). Since the presentation of the ICNC-2007 report, WG8 has issued three new finalized international standards and is developing two more new standards. Nearly all elements of the published WG8 ISO standards have been incorporated into IAEA nonconsensus guides and standards. The progression of consensus standards development among international partners in a collegial environment establishes a synergy of different concepts that broadens the perspectives of the members. This breadth of perspectives benefits the working group members in their considerations of consensus standards developments in their own countries. A testament to the value of the international standards efforts is that nearly all elements of the published WG8 ISO standards have been incorporated into IAEA nonconsensus guides and standards and are mainly consistent with international ISO member domestic standards.

Hopper, Calvin Mitchell [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Hydrogen: Adding Value and Flexibility to the Nuclear Power Industry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to assess potential synergies between the hydrogen economy and nuclear energy options. Specifically: to provide a market analysis of advanced nuclear energy options for hydrogen production in growing hydrogen demand; to conduct an impact evaluation of nuclear-based hydrogen production on the economics of the energy system, environmental emissions, and energy supply security; and to identify competing technologies & challenges to nuclear options.

Lee, J.; Bhatt, V.; Friley, P.; Horak, W.; Reisman, A.

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

474

Multiple-valued signed-digit adder using negative differential-resistance devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This paper describes a new signed-digit full adder (SDFA) circuit consisting of resonant-tunneling diodes (RTDs) and metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs). The design is primarily based on a multiple-valued logic literal circuit that utilizes the folded-back I-V (also known as negative differential-resistance, NDR) characteristics of RTDs to compactly implement its gated transfer function. MOS transistors are configured in current-mode logic, where addition of two or more digits is achieved by superimposing the signals of individual wires being physically connected at the summing nodes. The proposed SDFA design uses redundant arithmetic representation and, therefore, the circuit can perform addition of two arbitrary size binary numbers in constant time without the need for either carry propagation or carry look-ahead. The SDFA cell design has been verified through simulation by an augmented SPICE simulator that includes new homotopy-based convergence routines to tackle the nonlinear device characteristics of quantum devices. From the simulation result, the SDFA cell has been found to perform addition operation in 3.5 nanoseconds, which is somewhat superior to other multivalued redundant arithmetic circuits reported in the literature. The SDFA cell requires only 13 MOS transistors and one RTD, as opposed to the state-of-the-art CMOS redundant binary adder requiring 56 transistors, and to the conventional multivalued current-mode adder consisting of 34 MOS transistors. In order to verify the simulation result, a prototype SDFA cell has been fabricated using MOSIS 2-micron CMOS process and GaAs-based RTDs connected externally to the MOSFET circuit. Index Terms—Signed-digit arithmetic, multiple-valued logic, quantum electronic resonant-tunneling circuits.xxx 1

Ro F. González; Student Member; Pinaki Mazumder; Senior Member

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Imputed Wellhead Value of Natural Gas Marketed Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Thousand Dollars) Thousand Dollars) Data Series: Quantity of Production Imputed Wellhead Value Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 View History U.S. 124,074,399 1989-2006 Alabama 2,167,627 2,010,736 2,489,704 1,020,599 994,688 0 1989-2011 Alaska 2,576,028 2,439,193 2,944,546 1,163,554 1,185,249 0 1989-2011 Arizona 3,484 3,913 3,710 2,269 753 0 1989-2011 Arkansas 1,739,324 1,782,837 3,891,921 2,330,692 3,556,609 0 1989-2011 California 2,038,915 2,033,054 2,483,126 1,095,181 1,396,916 0 1989-2011 Colorado 7,361,709 5,680,388 9,642,428 4,812,014 6,250,380 0 1989-2011

476

SEPARATION OF BARIUM VALUES FROM URANYL NITRATE SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The separation of radioactive barium values from a uranyl nitrate solution of neutron-irradiated uranium is described. The 10 to 20% uranyl nitrate solution is passed through a flrst column of a cation exchange resin under conditions favoring the adsorption of barium and certain other cations. The loaded resin is first washed with dilute sulfuric acid to remove a portion of the other cations, and then wash with a citric acid solution at pH of 5 to 7 to recover the barium along with a lesser amount of the other cations. The PH of the resulting eluate is adjusted to about 2.3 to 3.5 and diluted prior to passing through a smaller second column of exchange resin. The loaded resin is first washed with a citric acid solution at a pH of 3 to elute undesired cations and then with citric acid solution at a pH of 6 to eluts the barium, which is substantially free of undesired cations.

Tompkins, E.R.

1959-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

477

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Interim Report: Phase I Scenario Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) offer significant improvements in fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits, and decreased reliance on imported petroleum. However, the cost associated with new components (e.g., advanced batteries) to be introduced in these vehicles will likely result in a price premium to the consumer. This study aims to overcome this market barrier by identifying and evaluating value propositions that will increase the qualitative value and/or decrease the overall cost of ownership relative to the competing conventional vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) of 2030 During this initial phase of this study, business scenarios were developed based on economic advantages that either increase the consumer value or reduce the consumer cost of PHEVs to assure a sustainable market that can thrive without the aid of state and Federal incentives or subsidies. Once the characteristics of a thriving PHEV market have been defined for this timeframe, market introduction steps, such as supportive policies, regulations and temporary incentives, needed to reach this level of sustainability will be determined. PHEVs have gained interest over the past decade for several reasons, including their high fuel economy, convenient low-cost recharging capabilities, potential environmental benefits and reduced use of imported petroleum, potentially contributing to President Bush's goal of a 20% reduction in gasoline use in ten years, or 'Twenty in Ten'. PHEVs and energy storage from advanced batteries have also been suggested as enabling technologies to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electric power grid. However, PHEVs will likely cost significantly more to purchase than conventional or other hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in large part because of the cost of batteries. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The purpose of this project is to identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome this market barrier. Candidate value propositions for the initial case study were chosen to enhance consumer acceptance of PHEVs and/or compatibility with the grid. Potential benefits of such grid-connected vehicles include the ability to supply peak load or emergency power requirements of the grid, enabling utilities to size their generation capacity and contingency resources at levels below peak. Different models for vehicle/battery ownership, leasing, financing and operation, as well as the grid, communications, and vehicle infrastructure needed to support the proposed value-added functions were explored during Phase 1. Rigorous power system, vehicle, financial and emissions modeling were utilized to help identify the most promising value propositions and market niches to focus PHEV deployment initiatives.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Retroactive Change in Unit Value There are times when a student has enrolled in a variable unit class for a unit value that needs to be either  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retroactive Change in Unit Value There are times when a student has enrolled in a variable unit class for a unit value that needs to be either increased or decreased retroactively. For stipulated reasons that are documented, a student may petition to retroactively change the unit value in a variable

de Lijser, Peter

479

Quantifying the value that wind power provides as a hedge against volatile natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTIFYING THE VALUE THAT WIND POWER PROVIDES AS A HEDGEQUANTIFYING THE VALUE THAT WIND POWER PROVIDES AS A HEDGEenergy have long argued that wind power and other renewable

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

SOURCE OF BURNUP VALUES FOR COMMERCIAL SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL ASSEMBLIES  

SciTech Connect

Waste packages are loaded with commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) that satisfies the minimum burnup requirements of a criticality loading curve. The burnup value assigned by the originating nuclear utility to each SNF assembly (assigned burnup) is used to load waste packages in compliance with a criticality loading curve. The burnup provided by a nuclear utility has uncertainties, so conservative calculation methods are used to characterize those uncertainties for incorporation into the criticality loading curves. Procedural safety controls ensure that the correct assembly is loaded into each waste package to prevent a misload that could create a condition affecting the safety margins. Probabilistic analyses show that procedural safety controls can minimize the chance of a misload but can not completely eliminate the possibility. Physical measurements of burnup with instrumentation in the surface facility are not necessary due to the conservative calculation methods used to produce the criticality loading curves. The reactor records assigned burnup of a commercial SNF assembly contains about two percent uncertainty, which is increased to five-percent to ensure conservatism. This five-percent uncertainty is accommodated by adjusting the criticality loading curve. Also, the record keeping methods of nuclear utilities are not uniform and the level of detail required by the NRC has varied over the last several decades. Thus, some SNF assemblies may have assigned burnups that are averages for a batch of assemblies with similar characteristics. Utilities typically have access to more detailed core-follow records that allow the batch average burnup to be changed to an assembly specific burnup. Alternatively, an additional safety margin is incorporated into the criticality loading curve to accommodate SNF assemblies with batch average burnups or greater uncertainties due to the methodology used by the nuclear utility. The utility records provide the assembly identifier, initial {sup 235}U enrichment, and time of discharge from the reactor as well as the assigned burnup, but the distribution. of burnup axially along the assembly length is not provided. The axial burnup profile is maintained within acceptable bounds by the operating conditions of the nuclear reactor and is calculated during preparations to reload a reactor, but the actual burnup profile is not measured. The axial burnup profile is important to the determination of the reactivity of a waste package, so a conservative evaluation of the calculated axial profiles for a large database of SNF has been performed. The product of the axial profile evaluation is a profile that is conservative. Thus, there is no need for physical measurement of the axial profile. The assembly identifier is legible on each SNF assembly and the utility records provide the associated characteristics of the assembly. The conservative methodologies used to determine the criticality loading curve for a waste package provide sufficient margin so that criticality safety is assured for preclosure operations even in the event of a misload. Consideration of misload effects for postclosure time periods is provided by the criticality Features, Events, and Processes (FEPs) analysis. The conservative approaches used to develop and apply the criticality loading curve are thus sufficiently robust that the utility assigned burnup is an adequate source of burnup values, and additional means of verification of assigned burnup through physical measurements are not needed.

BSC

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "offpeak values based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Metric deformation and boundary value problems in 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel perturbative method, proposed by Panda {\\it et al.} [1] to solve the Helmholtz equation in two dimensions, is extended to three dimensions for general boundary surfaces. Although a few numerical works are available in the literature for specific domains in three dimensions such a general analytical prescription is presented for the first time. An appropriate transformation is used to get rid of the asymmetries in the domain boundary by mapping the boundary into an equivalent sphere with a deformed interior metric. The deformed metric produces new source terms in the original homogeneous equation. A deformation parameter measuring the deviation of the boundary from a spherical one is introduced as a perturbative parameter. With the help of standard Rayleigh-Schr{\\"o}dinger perturbative technique the transformed equation is solved and the general solution is written down in a closed form at each order of perturbation. The solutions are boundary condition free and which make them widely applicable for various situations. Once the boundary conditions are applied to these general solutions the eigenvalues and the wavefunctions are obtained order by order. The efficacy of the method has been tested by comparing the analytic values against the numerical ones for three dimensional enclosures of various shapes. The method seems to work quite well for these shapes for both, Dirichlet as well as Neumann boundary conditions. The usage of spherical harmonics to express the asymmetries in the boundary surfaces helps us to consider a wide class of domains in three dimensions and also their fast convergence guarantees the convergence of the perturbative series for the energy. Direct applications of this method can be found in the field of quantum dots, nuclear physics, acoustical and electromagnetic cavities.

Subhasis Panda; S. Pratik Khastgir

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

EPICS BASE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE  http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics 

483

Revised estimates of electron absorbed fractions and radionuclide S-values in trabecular bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The field of nuclear medicine has reached advanced stages in the use of radiopharmaceuticals for the treatment and diagnosis of innumerable maladies. However, along with the use of nuclear medicine come responsibilities inherently associated with the use of radioactive material. It is necessary to be able to calculate doses in the trabecular bone region accurately and consistently. The accurate assessment of patient dose will allow physicians to better predict the amounts of radioactivity needed for specific diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Additionally, improved calculational techniques for bone dosimetry will decrease the likelihood of overadministrations and will allow for reliable predictions of side-effects to patients. The dosimetry of this region is therefore a very important, and unfortunately complicated, area associated with the field of nuclear medicine. A new dosimetric trabecular bone model has been developed and incorporated into a Monte Carlo radiation transport code to determine electron absorbed fractions in red bone marrow and the endosteal tissue which is contained in trabecular bone. The model is based on measured omnidirectional chord length distributions through trabeculae and marrow cavities in nine skeletal locations. Absorbed fractions were calculated for the two target regions, and then estimated from these results for all other skeletal regions thought to contain red marrow. These absorbed fractions were then used to calculate S-values for a variety of beta-emitting radionuclides at each of 15 skeletal locations thought to contain red bone marrow. Absorbed fractions and S-values were calculated for sources in the marrow, on the bone surface, and in the bone volume. Comparisons were made between the new absorbed fractions and those published in ICRP Publication 30, as well as between the new S-values and those determined from the MIRDOSE2 software.

Parry, Robert Alan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Assessing the Long-Term System Value of Intermittent Electric Generation Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates the economic penetration and system-wide effects of large-scale intermittent technologies in an electric generation system. The research extends the standard screening curve analysis to optimize the penetration and system structure with intermittent technologies. The analysis is based on hour-by-hour electric demands and intermittent generation. A theoretical framework is developed to find an expression for the marginal value of an intermittent technology as a function of the average system marginal cost, the capacity factor of the generator, and the covariance between the generator's hourly production and the hourly system marginal cost. A series of model runs are made examining the penetration of wind and photovoltaic in a simple electric generation system. These illustrate the conclusions in the theoretical analysis and illustrate the effects that large-scale intermittent penetration has on the structure of the generation system. In the long-term, adding intermittent generation to a system allows us to restructure the dispatchable generation capacity to a mix with lower capital cost. It is found that large scale intermittent generation tends to reduce the optimal capacity and production of baseload generators and increase the capacity and production of intermediate generators, although the extent to which this occurs depends strongly on the pattern of production from the intermediate generators. It is also shown that the marginal value of intermittent generation declines as it penetrates. The analysis investigates the specific mechanism through which this occurs.

Lamont, A D

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

485

An interregional hedonic analysis of noxious facility impacts on local wages and property values  

SciTech Connect

Claims of property value loss are commonly raised by homeowners when noxious facilities are sited or when new information about the hazards of existing facilities is made public. While the capitalization of externalities into land values is consistent with economic theory, empirical measurement of impacts has not generated consistent results. This is true both for hedonic measurements as well as other types of econometric analyses. While it is well established that job and site risks have similar impacts on regional labor markets, there are no studies relating the presence of a broad range of noxious facilities to local wage premiums. In contrast, this study employs an interregional framework in a hedonic analysis of both wage and property markets and considers eight different facility classifications. This paper discusses the development of the hedonic model employed in this study. It develops more fully the theoretical advantages of the intercity model and alternative methods of deriving implicit prices for environmental amenities and disamenities. The unique data base and the structure of the estimated model are described. It also includes a discussion of the research findings. Major conclusions and suggestions for further research are presented.

Clark, D.E.; Nieves, L.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

486

An interregional hedonic analysis of noxious facility impacts on local wages and property values  

SciTech Connect

Claims of property value loss are commonly raised by homeowners when noxious facilities are sited or when new information about the hazards of existing facilities is made public. While the capitalization of externalities into land values is consistent with economic theory, empirical measurement of impacts has not generated consistent results. This is true both for hedonic measurements as well as other types of econometric analyses. While it is well established that job and site risks have similar impacts on regional labor markets, there are no studies relating the presence of a broad range of noxious facilities to local wage premiums. In contrast, this study employs an interregional framework in a hedonic analysis of both wage and property markets and considers eight different facility classifications. This paper discusses the development of the hedonic model employed in this study. It develops more fully the theoretical advantages of the intercity model and alternative methods of deriving implicit prices for environmental amenities and disamenities. The unique data base and the structure of the estimated model are described. It also includes a discussion of the research findings. Major conclusions and suggestions for further research are presented.

Clark, D.E.; Nieves, L.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Assessing the Long-Term System Value of Intermittent Electric Generation Technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research investigates the economic penetration and system-wide effects of large-scale intermittent technologies in an electric generation system. The research extends the standard screening curve analysis to optimize the penetration and system structure with intermittent technologies. The analysis is based on hour-by-hour electric demands and intermittent generation. A theoretical framework is developed to find an expression for the marginal value of an intermittent technology as a function of the average system marginal cost, the capacity factor of the generator, and the covariance between the generator's hourly production and the hourly system marginal cost. A series of model runs are made examining the penetration of wind and photovoltaic in a simple electric generation system. These illustrate the conclusions in the theoretical analysis and illustrate the effects that large-scale intermittent penetration has on the structure of the generation system. In the long-term, adding intermittent generation to a system allows us to restructure the dispatchable generation capacity to a mix with lower capital cost. It is found that large scale intermittent generation tends to reduce the optimal capacity and production of baseload generators and increase the capacity and production of intermediate generators, although the extent to which this occurs depends strongly on the pattern of production from the intermediate generators. It is also shown that the marginal value of intermittent generation declines as it penetrates. The analysis investigates the specific mechanism through which this occurs.

Lamont, A D

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

488

The Microbase Value-Added Product: A Baseline Retrieval of Cloud Microphysical Properties  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility baseline cloud microphysical properties (MICROBASE) value-added product (VAP). MICROBASE uses a combination of millimeter-wavelength cloud radar, microwave radiometer, and radiosonde observations to estimate the vertical profiles of the primary microphysical parameters of clouds including the liquid/ice water content and liquid/ice cloud particle effective radius. MICROBASE is a baseline algorithm designed to apply to most conditions and locations using a single set of parameterizations and a simple determination of water phase based on temperature. This document provides the user of this product with guidelines to assist in determining the accuracy of the product under certain conditions. Quality control flags are designed to identify outliers and indicate instances where the retrieval assumptions may not be met. The overall methodology is described in this report through a detailed description of the input variables, algorithms, and output products.

Dunn, M; Johnson, K; Jensen, M

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Evaluating Covariance Matrix Forecasts in a Value-at-Risk Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Covariance matrix forecasts of financial asset returns are an important component of current practice in financial risk management. A wide variety of models are available for generating such forecasts. In this paper, we evaluate the relative performance of different covariance matrix forecasts using standard statistical loss functions and a value-at-risk (VaR) framework. Using a foreign exchange portfolio, we find covariance matrix forecasts generated from option prices perform best under statistical loss functions, such as mean-squared error. Within a VaR framework, the relative performance of covariance matrix forecasts depends greatly on the VaR models' distributional assumptions. Of the forecasts examined, simple specifications, such as exponentially-weighted moving averages of past observations, perform best with regard to the magnitude of VaR exceptions and regulatory capital requirements. Our results provide empirical support for the commonly-used VaR models based on simple c...

Jose A. Lopez; Christian A. Walter

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Uniform-type structures on lattice-valued spaces and frames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By introducing lattice-valued covers of a set, we present a general framework for uniform structures on very general L-valued spaces (for L an integral commutative quantale). By showing, via an intermediate L-valued structure of uniformity, how filters ... Keywords: L-valued space, Axiality, Cover, Entourage, Frame, Galois connection, Girard quantale, Integral commutative quantale, L-valued frame, Locale, Polarity, Quantale, Uniform operator, Uniformity

Javier Gutiérrez García; Iraide Mardones-Pérez; Jorge Picado; María Angeles de Prada Vicente

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Method for recovering palladium and technetium values from nuclear fuel reprocessing waste solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for recovering palladium and technetium values from nuclear fuel reprocessing waste solutions containing these and other values by contacting the waste solution with an extractant of tricaprylmethylammonium nitrate in an inert hydrocarbon diluent which extracts the palladium and technetium values from the waste solution. The palladium and technetium values are recovered from the extractant and from any other coextracted values with a strong nitric acid strip solution.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Elmhurst, IL); Delphin, Walter H. (Woodridge, IL)

1979-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

492

An intermediate value theorem for sequences with terms in a finite set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove an intermediate value theorem of an arithmetical flavor, involving the consecutive averages of sequences with terms in a given finite set A. For every such set we completely characterize the numbers x ("intermediate values") with the property that the consecutive averages of every sequence with terms in A cannot increase from a value less than x to a value greater than x without taking the value x somewhere in between.

Mihai Caragiu; Laurence D. Robinson

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

493

On the structure of invariant measures for set-valued maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Properties of measures invariant with respect to set-valued maps are studied. It is shown that an absolutely continuous invariant measure for a set-valued map need not be unique, and the set of all invariant measures need not be a Choquet simplex. The problem concerning the existence of invariant measures with respect to set-valued maps parametrized by single-valued and set-valued maps of the circle having various smoothness classes is studied. Bibliography: 13 titles.

Gorbachev, Aleksei N; Stepin, Anatolii M [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

494

Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass: Volume I -- Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Sugars and Synthesis Gas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report identifies twelve building block chemicals that can be produced from sugars via biological or chemical conversions. The twelve building blocks can be subsequently converted to a number of high-value bio-based chemicals or materials. Building block chemicals, as considered for this analysis, are molecules with multiple functional groups that possess the potential to be transformed into new families of useful molecules. The twelve sugar-based building blocks are 1,4-diacids (succinic, fumaric and malic), 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, aspartic acid, glucaric acid, glutamic acid, itaconic acid, levulinic acid, 3-hydroxybutyrolactone, glycerol, sorbitol, and xylitol/arabinitol.

Werpy, T.; Petersen, G.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Adapting ORAP to wind plants : industry value and functional requirements.  

SciTech Connect

Strategic Power Systems (SPS) was contracted by Sandia National Laboratories to assess the feasibility of adapting their ORAP (Operational Reliability Analysis Program) tool for deployment to the wind industry. ORAP for Wind is proposed for use as the primary data source for the CREW (Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind) database which will be maintained by Sandia to enable reliability analysis of US wind fleet operations. The report primarily addresses the functional requirements of the wind-based system. The SPS ORAP reliability monitoring system has been used successfully for over twenty years to collect RAM (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability) and operations data for benchmarking and analysis of gas and steam turbine performance. This report documents the requirements to adapt the ORAP system for the wind industry. It specifies which existing ORAP design features should be retained, as well as key new requirements for wind. The latter includes alignment with existing and emerging wind industry standards (IEEE 762, ISO 3977 and IEC 61400). There is also a comprehensive list of thirty critical-to-quality (CTQ) functional requirements which must be considered and addressed to establish the optimum design for wind.

Not Available

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Shale oil value enhancement research. Fourth quarterly report, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The main activities during this quarter were: (a) separation and characterization of kerogen oil non-polar fractions, (1) participating in the Dawnbreaker Commercial Assistance Program, (c) continuing the liaison with potential industrial partners, and (d) submitting a Phase II final report. In October, we submitted a draft of the final report for the base program and option Ia activities. In this final report, it was concluded that the industry is showing interest in the concept of producing pyridines from kerogen oil. Our economic analysis showed that with current technologies, pyridines can be effectively and economically manufactured from kerogen oil and is competitive with the synthesis manufacturers. It was also recommended that the Government elect to exercise its option to complete the originally proposed program. Performance of research under Option-I(b) will focus on the alternative scheme for refining the pyridine concentrates into pyridine and lower alkyl pyridines which are more valuable and easier to market to the current consumers. Performance of research under Option-II will focus on assuring the market acceptability of kerogen oil products. At the end of November, the U.S. Department of Energy exercised their option to require JWBA to complete the contract as originally awarded. The work on tasks contained in these options will be initiated in the following quarter.

Bunger, J.W.; Russell, C.P.; Tsai, J.C.H.; Cogswell, D.E.; Wright, A.D.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The Value of Distributed Generation under Different TariffStructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed generation (DG) may play a key role in a modern energy system because it can improve energy efficiency. Reductions in the energy bill, and therefore DG attractiveness, depend on the electricity tariff structure; a system created before widespread adoption of distributed generation. Tariffs have been designed to recover costs equitably amongst customers with similar consumption patterns. Recently, electric utilities began to question the equity of this electricity pricing structure for standby service. In particular, the utilities do not feel that DG customers are paying their fair share of transmission and distribution costs - traditionally recovered through a volumetric($/kWh) mechanism - under existing tariff structures. In response, new tariff structures with higher fixed costs for DG have been implemented in New York and in California. This work analyzes the effects of different electricity tariff structures on DG adoption. First, the effects of the new standby tariffs in New York are analyzed in different regions. Next generalized tariffs are constructed, and the sensitivity to varying levels of the volumetric and the demand ($/kW, i.e. maximum rate) charge component are analyzed on New York's standard and standby tariff as well as California's standby tariff. As expected, DG profitability is reduced with standby tariffs, but often marginally. The new standby structures tend to promote smaller base load systems. The amount of time-of-day variability of volumetric pricing seems to have little effect on DG economics.

Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

498

Performance and value of CAD-deficient pine- Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The southern US produces 58% of the nation's timber, much of it grown in intensively managed plantations of genetically improved loblolly pine. One of the fastest-growing loblolly pine selections made by the NCSU-Industry Cooperative Tree Improvement Program, whose progeny are widely planted, is also the only known natural carrier of a rare gene, cadn1. This allele codes for deficiency in an enzyme, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of lignin precursors. This study is to characterize this candidate gene for marker-assisted selection and deployment in the breeding program. This research will enhance the sustainability of forest production in the South, where land-use pressures will limit the total area available in the future for intensively managed plantations. Furthermore, this research will provide information to establish higher-value plantation forests with more desirable wood/fiber quality traits. A rare mutant allele (cad-n1) of the cad gene in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) causes a deficiency in the production of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD). The effects of this allele were examined by comparing wood density and growth traits of cad-n1 heterozygous trees with those of wild-type trees in a 10-year-old open-pollinated family trial growing under two levels of fertilization in Scotland County, North Carolina. In all, 200 trees were sampled with 100 trees for each treatment. Wood density measurements were collected from wood cores at breast height using x-ray densitometry. We found that the substitution of cad-n1 for a wild-type allele (Cad) was associated with a significant effect on wood density. The cad-n1 heterozygotes had a significantly higher wood density (+2.6%) compared to wild-type trees. The higher density was apparently due to the higher percentage of latewood in the heterozygotes. The fertilization effect was highly significant for both growth and wood density traits. While no cad genotype x treatment interactions was found for any of the traits studied, in the fertilized plots, the effect of the cad-n1 allele on wood density was reduced. The study indicates that the cad-n1 allele could be a valuable gene to the pulp and paper industry for the purpose of enhancing pulp yields through increasing wood density. Stem growth and wood density associated with a mutant null (cad-n1) allele were examined in three 15-year-old loblolly pine diallel tests, established on two sites in the southern United States. In each diallel test, one or two cad-n1 heterozygous parents were crossed with five unrelated wild-type parents, to produce five or ten full-sib families. In all, 839 trees from 20 full-sib families in four genetic backgrounds (a cad-n1 heterozygote x 5 unrelated trees) were sampled, genotyped at the cad locus, and assessed for growth and wood density traits. In a combined analysis of all four genetic backgrounds, we found evidence for effects of increased wood density associated with the cad-n1 allele at age 15 (p=0.03) years and height growth at ages 6 (p=0.03) and 15 (p=0.005). There were large differences in the cad-n1 effects for the various growth and wood traits among the diallel tests. This variation may be due to either different genetic backgrounds among the parents of the different diallel tests, or for different growing environments at the field sites. Even though the cad-n1 effect on growth and wood density was significant across genetic backgrounds, the effect was variable among full-sib families within backgrounds. We speculate that certain wild-type alleles from second parents specifically interact with cad-n1 producing large positive effects. In addition, pleiotropic effects on growth and wood density appear to be associated with the cad-n1 allele. While substantial gains are possible through deployment of trees carrying cad-n1, these gains may be family-specific and should be verified for each cross through field testing.

Bailian Li; Houmin Chang; Hasan Jameel

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

499

Processes and continuous change in a SAT-based planner  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The TM-LPSAT planner can construct plans in domains containing atomic actions and durative actions; events and processes; discrete, real-valued, and interval-valued fluents; reusable resources, both numeric and interval-valued; and continuous linear ... Keywords: Continuous time, LPSAT, Metric quantities, Processes, SAT-based planning

Ji-Ae Shin; Ernest Davis