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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Wave Breaking and Ocean Surface Layer Thermal Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of breaking waves on ocean surface temperatures and surface boundary layer deepening is investigated. The modification of the Mellor–Yamada turbulence closure model by Craig and Banner and others to include surface wave breaking ...

George Mellor; Alan Blumberg

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Energy Basics: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

3

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity.

4

Ocean Thermal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Ocean Thermal Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Ocean Thermal Incentives...

5

Oceanic Internal Waves Are Not Weak Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the oceanic internal wave field is too energetic by roughly two orders of magnitude to be treated theoretically as an assemblage of weakly interacting waves. This may be seen both from recent weak wave theoretical calculations ...

Greg Holloway

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Draft Programmaticof ocean thermal energy conversion technology. U.S. Depart~on Ocean TherUial Energy Conversion, June 18, 1979. Ocean

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ocean Tidal and Wave Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First published in 2000, the annual Renewable Energy Technical Assessment Guide (TAG-RE) provides a consistent basis for evaluating the economic feasibility of renewable generation technologies. This excerpt from the 2005 TAG-RE addresses ocean tidal and wave energy conversion technologies, which offer promise for converting the significant energy potential available in ocean tidal currents and waves to electricity in the future.

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

8

Green Ocean Wave Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ocean Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Ocean Wave Energy Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:http:www.greenoceanwa Region United States LinkedIn...

9

Energy Basics: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity. OTEC works best when...

10

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOE-EPA Working Group on Ocean TherUial Energy Conversion,Sands, M.D. (editor) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)r:he comnercialization of ocean thermal energy conversion

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion August 16, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in...

12

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Energy Conversion Conference. Ocean Systems Branch,Thermal Energy Conversion Conference. Ocean Systems Branch,thermal energy conversion, June 18, 1979. Ocean Systems

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

NREL-Ocean Energy Thermal Conversion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ocean Energy Thermal Conversion Jump to: navigation, search Logo: NREL-Ocean Energy Thermal Conversion Name NREL-Ocean Energy Thermal Conversion AgencyCompany Organization...

14

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: AN OVERALL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M.D. (editor). 1980. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Draft1980 :. i l OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: ENVIRONMENTALDevelopment Plan. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion. U.S. DOE

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Riding the Waves: Harnessing Ocean Wave Energy through ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The opportunities for ocean wave power to become a new, reliable and clean source of renewable energy will be discussed, as well as activities of ...

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: AN OVERALL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

l OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTOcean Thermal Energy Conversion Draft Programmatic Environ-Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion. U.S. DOE Assistant Secre-

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Instability Waves in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence is presented for the generation of planetary waves by barotropic instability within the cyclonic shear region of the Atlantic Ocean's South Equatorial Current (SEC). Immediately following the springtime intensification of the southeast ...

Robert H. Weisberg; Thomas J. Weingartner

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

List of Ocean Thermal Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Incentives Thermal Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 96 Ocean Thermal Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 96) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC) (Federal) Corporate Tax Credit United States Agricultural Commercial Industrial Utility Anaerobic Digestion Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Direct Use Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Microturbines Municipal Solid Waste Ocean Thermal Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Small Wind Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Tidal Energy Wave Energy Wind energy Yes CCEF - Project 150 Initiative (Connecticut) State Grant Program Connecticut Commercial Solar Thermal Electric

19

Observations of Steep Wave Statistics in Open Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wavelet analysis methodology is proposed to estimate the statistics of steep waves. The method is applied to open ocean wave height data from the Southern Ocean Waves Experiment (1992) and from a field experiment conducted at Duck, North ...

Nicholas Scott; Tetsu Hara; Edward J. Walsh; Paul A. Hwang

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Shock waves in thermal lensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review experimental investigation on spatial shock waves formed by the self-defocusing action of a laser beam propagation in a disordered thermal nonlinear media.

Gentilini, S; DeRe, E; Conti, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Thermal Structure of the Upper Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The salient feature of the oceanic thermal structure is a remarkably shallow thermocline, especially in the Tropics and subtropics. What factors determine its depth? Theories for the deep thermohaline circulation provide an answer that depends on ...

Giulio Boccaletti; Ronald C. Pacanowski; S. George; H. Philander; Alexey V. Fedorov

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Assessment of ocean thermal energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is a promising renewable energy technology to generate electricity and has other applications such as production of freshwater, seawater air-conditioning, marine culture and chilled-soil ...

Muralidharan, Shylesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the commercialization of ocean thermal energy conversionR. E. Hathaway. Open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion.of sewage effluent in an ocean current. Inst. of Tech. ,

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Sensitivity of the Ocean State to Lee Wave Driven Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diapycnal mixing plays a key role in maintaining the ocean stratification and meridional overturning circulation (MOC). In the ocean interior, it is mainly sustained by breaking internal waves. Two important classes of internal waves are internal ...

Angelique Melet; Robert Hallberg; Sonya Legg; Maxim Nikurashin

25

The Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center Global Spectral Ocean Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spectral Ocean Wave Model (SOWM) has been an operational product at Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center since the mid 1970s; the Global Spectral Ocean Wave Model (GSOWM) was developed to replace it. An operational test of GSOWM, using buoy, ...

R. M. Clancy; J. E. Kaitala; L. F. Zambresky

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: An overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ocean thermal energy conversion, or OTEC is a technology that extracts power from the ocean's natural thermal gradient. This technology is being pursued by researchers from many nations; in the United States, OTEC research is funded by the US Department of Energy's Ocean Energy Technology program. The program's goal is to develop the technology so that industry can make a competent assessment of its potential -- either as an alternative or as a supplement to conventional energy sources. Federally funded research in components and systems will help OTEC to the threshold of commercialization. This publication provides an overview of the OTEC technology. 47 refs., 25 figs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Examination of the Impact of a Coupled Atmospheric and Ocean Wave System. Part II: Ocean Wave Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmospheric and ocean wave system has been developed to study the impact of changes of surface roughness length induced by ocean waves. A two-way coupling between a mesoscale atmospheric model, MC2, and an oceanic wave model, a regional ...

R. Lalbeharry; J. Mailhot; S. Desjardins; L. Wilson

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle ocean thermal difference power plant. M.S. Thesis,ocean thermal energy conversion power plants. M.S. Thesis.comments on the thermal effects of power plants on fish eggs

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the commercialization of ocean thermal energy conversionOpen cycle ocean thermal energy conversion. A preliminary1978. 'Open cycle thermal energy converS1on. A preliminary

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Thermal Equilibration of Planetary Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equilibration of planetary waves toward free-mode forms, steady solutions of the unforced, undamped equations of motion, is studied in a three-level quasi-geostrophic model on the hemisphere. A thermal mechanism is invoked, parameterized as a ...

John Marshall; Damon W. K. So

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Potential Environmental Impacts and Fisheries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Potential Environmental Impacts and Fisheries Christina M Comfort Institute #12;Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) · Renewable energy ­ ocean thermal gradient · Large, M.Sc. Candidate University of Hawaii at Manoa Department of Oceanography Hawaii Natural Energy

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

32

Energy Basics: Ocean Resources  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

33

An Assessment of Wave Observations from Ships in Southern Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of wind waves and swell from ship reports are investigated. Comparisons are made between estimates of wave parameters made from ships in southern oceans by calculating correlations as a function of ship separation, and analyzing the ...

A. K. Laing

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Estimating Internal Wave Energy Fluxes in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy flux is a fundamental quantity for understanding internal wave generation, propagation, and dissipation. In this paper, the estimation of internal wave energy fluxes u?p? from ocean observations that may be sparse in either time or depth ...

Jonathan D. Nash; Matthew H. Alford; Eric Kunze

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Observing Ocean Surface Waves with GPS-Tracked Buoys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface-following buoys are widely used to collect routine ocean wave measurements. While accelerometer and tilt sensors have been used for decades to measure the wave-induced buoy displacements, alternative global positioning system (GPS) sensor ...

T. H. C. Herbers; P. F. Jessen; T. T. Janssen; D. B. Colbert; J. H. MacMahan

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity. OTEC works best when the temperature difference between the warmer, top layer of the ocean and the colder, deep ocean water is about 36°F (20°C). These conditions exist in tropical coastal areas, roughly between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. To bring the cold water to the surface, ocean thermal energy conversion plants require an expensive, large-diameter intake pipe, which is submerged a mile or more into the ocean's depths. Some energy experts believe that if ocean thermal energy conversion can become cost-competitive with conventional power technologies, it could be

37

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity. OTEC works best when the temperature difference between the warmer, top layer of the ocean and the colder, deep ocean water is about 36°F (20°C). These conditions exist in tropical coastal areas, roughly between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. To bring the cold water to the surface, ocean thermal energy conversion plants require an expensive, large-diameter intake pipe, which is submerged a mile or more into the ocean's depths. Some energy experts believe that if ocean thermal energy conversion can become cost-competitive with conventional power technologies, it could be

38

Turbine speed control for an ocean wave energy conversion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a hydraulic turbine speed governor is proposed in view of its application in an isolated electric generation system based on an ocean wave energy converter (WEC). The proposed strategy is based on cascade closed-loop control combined with ... Keywords: Pelton turbine, cascade control, feedforward control, ocean wave energy, speed governor

Paula B. Garcia-Rosa; José Paulo V. S. Cunha; Fernando Lizarralde

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Quantum thermal waves in quantum corrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the possibility of the generation of the thermal waves in 2D electron gas is investigated. In the frame of the quantum heat transport theory the 2D quantum hyperbolic heat transfer equation is formulated and numerically solved. The obtained solutions are the thermal waves in electron 2D gases. As an exapmle the thermal waves in quantum corrals are described. Key words: 2D electron gas, quantum corrals, thermal waves.

J. Marciak-Kozlowska; M. Kozlowski

2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Antarctic Circumpolar Wave: A Beta Effect in Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling over the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Antarctic circumpolar wave (ACW) is a nominal 4-yr climate signal in the ocean–atmosphere system in the Southern Ocean, propagating eastward at an average speed of 6–8 cm s?1, composed of two waves taking approximately 8 years to circle the ...

Warren B. White; Shyh-Chin Chen; Ray G. Peterson

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling the Propagation, Breaking and Drift of Ocean Surface Wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new model other than the classical ones given by Airy, Stokes and Gerstner for the ocean surface wave is constructed. It leads to new understandings for the wave mechanisms: (1) A wave with bigger amplitude or smaller steepness travels faster; (2) The wave breaks when the front angle is bigger than 46.3 degree; (3) The magnitude of the wave drift should be smaller than that of the known Stokes drift.

Jin-Liang Wang

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy Basics: Ocean Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

43

Long-Wave Trapping by Oceanic Ridges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long waves are affected by bottom topography and under certain conditions may be trapped along topographical contours which then act as wave guides transmitting wave energy for great distances with little loss. This study examines waves trapped ...

Richard Paul Shaw; Wayne Neu

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system including a flash evaporator for vaporizing relatively warm ocean surface water and an axial flow, elastic fluid turbine having a vertical shaft and axis of rotation. The warm ocean water is transmitted to the evaporator through a first prestressed concrete skirt-conduit structure circumferentially situated about the axis of rotation. The unflashed warm ocean water exits the evaporator through a second prestressed concrete skirt-conduit structure located circumferentially about and radially within the first skirt-conduit structure. The radially inner surface of the second skirt conduit structure constitutes a cylinder which functions as the turbine's outer casing and obviates the need for a conventional outer housing. The turbine includes a radially enlarged disc element attached to the shaft for supporting at least one axial row of radially directed blades through which the steam is expanded. A prestressed concrete inner casing structure of the turbine has upstream and downstream portions respectively situated upstream and downstream from the disc element. The radially outer surfaces of the inner casing portions and radially outer periphery of the axially interposed disc cooperatively form a downwardly radially inwardly tapered surface. An annular steam flowpath of increasing flow area in the downward axial direction is radially bounded by the inner and outer prestressed concrete casing structures. The inner casing portions each include a transversely situated prestressed concrete circular wall for rotatably supporting the turbine shaft and associated structure. The turbine blades are substantially radially coextensive with the steam flowpath and receive steam from the evaporator through an annular array of prestressed concrete stationary vanes which extend between the inner and outer casings to provide structural support therefor and impart a desired flow direction to the steam.

Wittig, J. Michael (West Goshen, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Transient Ocean Currents Induced by Wind and Growing Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical nonlinear model for wind- and wave-induced currents in a viscous, rotating ocean is developed. The analysis is based on a Lagrangian description of motion. The nonlinear drift problem is formulated such that the solution depends on ...

Jan Erik Weber; Arne Melsom

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Jump to: navigation, search Name Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Website http:www.owwe.net Region Norway LinkedIn Connections...

47

Remote Sensing of Ocean Waves by Polarimetric SAR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method to measure ocean wave slope spectra using fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (POLSAR) data was developed without the need for a complex hydrodynamic modulation transform function. There is no explicit use of a hydrodynamic ...

Yijun He; Hui Shen; William Perrie

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TECHNICAL REPORT Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource EPRI Project Manager P. Jacobson 3420 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304-1338 USA PO Box...

49

On Production and Dissipation of Thermal Variance in the Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integral relationship is derived expressing the total dissipation of thermal variance by oceanic microstructure in terms of the large-scale forcing at the ocean surface by air/sea heat exchange. The net heat gain by the ocean over warm water ...

Terrence M. Joyce

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

An Operational Global-Scale Ocean Thermal Analysis System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Optimum Thermal Interpolation System (OTIS) is an ocean thermal analysis product developed for real-time operational use at the U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center. It functions in an analysis-prediction-analysis data assimilation ...

R. Michael Clancy; Patricia A. Phoebus; Kenneth D. Pollak

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

The Structure of Near-Inertial Waves during Ocean Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current meter data from two sites were analyzed for near-inertial motions generated by storm during the ten-month period of the Ocean Storms Experiment in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The most striking feature of the inertial wave response to ...

Hongbo Qi; Roland A. De Szoeke; Clayton A. Paulson; Charles C. Eriksen

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Thermal Gravitational Waves from Primordial Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal gravitational waves can be generated in various sources such as, in the cores of stars, white dwarfs and neutron stars due to the fermion collisions in the dense degenerate Fermi gas. Such high frequency thermal gravitational waves can also be produced during the collisions in a gamma ray burst or during the final stages of the evaporation of primordial black holes. Here we estimate the thermal gravitational waves from primordial black holes and estimate the integrated energy of the gravitational wave emission over the entire volume of the universe and over Hubble time. We also estimate the gravitational wave flux from gamma ray bursts and jets.

C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun

2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Artificial Retardation of Barotropic Waves in Layered Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of reducing the barotropic gravity wave speed in a layered ocean model in order to gain computational speed is explored. In theory the error in the propagation of baroclinic gravity waves typically is less than 3% for a reduction of ...

Tommy G. Jensen

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy Basics: Wave Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

55

Global Ocean Surface Wave Simulation Using a Coupled Atmosphere–Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study describes a 29-yr (1981–2009) global ocean surface gravity wave simulation generated by a coupled atmosphere–wave model using NOAA/GFDL’s High-Resolution Atmosphere Model (HiRAM) and the WAVEWATCH III surface wave model developed and ...

Yalin Fan; Shian-Jiann Lin; Isaac M. Held; Zhitao Yu; Hendrik L. Tolman

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Microcomputer Numerical Ocean Surface Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical wean surface wave model has been developed specifically to operate on desktop super micro-computers. The model uses one or more local and moving grids within which waves of importance at a location of interest are generated. Within ...

Marshall D. Earle

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Western Gulf of Mexico. Energy Research and Developmentfor central Gulf of Mexico. Energy Research and DevelopmentGulf of Mexico, - IV-34 in Proc. Fourth Ocean Thermal Energy

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Wave Breaking Dissipation in the Wave-Driven Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

If wave breaking modifies the Lagrangian fluid paths by inducing an uncertainty in the orbit itself and this uncertainty on wave motion time scales is observable as additive noise, it is shown that within the context of a wave–current interaction ...

Juan M. Restrepo

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Sensitive interferometric video thermal wave imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of parallel thermal wave imaging is demonstrated in which the thermal wave image of a heated sample is converted into an optical phase image which is sensitively probed by a Twyman–Green interferometer. The sample is mounted onto an assembly of optical layers which acts as a temperature sensitive mirror.Heat conduction from the sample to this mirror results in a two?dimensional distribution of optical phase which is probed broadfield by the interferometer. The resulting transmission thermal wave image has characteristics analogous to those of photopyroelectric images. The interferogram produced in the interferometer may be recorded by videography

J. F. Power

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information to assist developers of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems in site selection functions required to determine electricity production with specific OTEC systems can be found in the open be satisfied with desalinated water produced with OTEC systems. This renewable ocean resource is vast enough

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Directionality and Crest Length Statistics of Steep Waves in Open Ocean Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wavelet analysis methodology is applied to open ocean wave height data from the Southern Ocean Waves Experiment (1992) and from a field experiment conducted at Duck, North Carolina, in 1997 with the aim of estimating the directionality and ...

Nicholas Scott; Tetsu Hara; Paul A. Hwang; Edward J. Walsh

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

An Evaluation of Environment Canada's Operational Ocean Wave Model Based on Moored Buoy Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An operational ocean wave model called the Canadian Spectral Ocean Wave Model (CSOWM) has been implemented in the operational forecasting system of the Atmospheric Environment Service, Environment Canada, since early 1991. The present operational ...

M. L. Khandekar; R. Lalbeharry

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Airborne Optical System for Remote Sensing of Ocean Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compact, turret-based optical system has been designed and constructed for passive imaging of ocean waves using a small aircraft. The purpose of the system is to collect time series of images, which are mapped to a common geodetic surface in ...

J. P. Dugan; G. J. Fetzer; J. Bowden; G. J. Farruggia; J. Z. Williams; C. C. Piotrowski; K. Vierra; D. Campion; D. N. Sitter

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Reflection of Ocean Surface Gravity Waves from a Natural Beach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy of seaward and shoreward propagating ocean surface gravity waves on a natural beach was estimated with data from an army of 24 bottom-mounted pressure sensors in 13-m water depth, 2 km from the North Carolina coast. Consistent with a ...

Steve Elgar; T. H. C. Herbers; R. T. Guza

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Wave-coherent airflow and critical layers over ocean waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of coherent measurements of winds and waves from data collected during the ONR HiRes program from R/P FLIP off the coast of northern California in June 2010 is presented. A suite of wind and wave measuring systems was deployed to ...

Laurent Grare; Luc Lenain; W. Kendall Melville

66

Thermally Driven Circulations in Small Oceanic Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear, steady model of the circulation of a small (f plane) oceanic basin driven by heating or cooling at the surface is considered in order to examine the partition of upwelling (heating) or downwelling (cooling) between the basin's interior ...

Joseph Pedlosky

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The Annual Rossby Wave in the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We attribute observed annual variations in the subthermocline thermal structure of the central equatorial Pacific to a forced gravest-meridional-mode Rossby wave. In the region between 300 and 800 m (where the Väisälä frequency varies slowly and ...

Roger Lukas; Eric Firing

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Thermal Expansion in Ocean and Coupled General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than half of the predicted rise in future sea level caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect is currently thought to be due to the thermal expansion of the oceans. Here methods for quantifying this thermal expansion component of sea level ...

D. R. Jackett; T. J. McDougall; M. H. England; A. C. Hirst

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

MHK Technologies/Ocean Wave Air Piston | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Piston Piston < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Ocean Wave Air Piston.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Ocean Wave Energy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description The OWAP captures power by continually raising or lowering a float which in turn raises or lowers one side of a lever arm about a stationary pivot point This therby raises or lowers a piston which is attached to the opposite side of the lever arm through a cylinder which in turn causes large volumes of air to move This air is funneled through drive turbines to produce power Mooring Configuration Monopile or platfrom

70

Nonintrusive Measurement of Ocean Waves: Lidar Wave Gauge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In December 1999, a nonintrusive directional lidar wave gauge (LWG) was field tested at the Field Research Facility (FRF) in North Carolina. The LWG uses proven lidar technology to directly measure water surface elevation from above the water’s ...

Jennifer L. Irish; Jennifer M. Wozencraft; A. Grant Cunningham; Claudine Giroud

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A Multisensor Comparison of Ocean Wave Frequency Spectra from a Research Vessel during the Southern Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obtaining accurate measurements of wave statistics from research vessels remains a challenge due to platform motion. One principal correction is the removal of ship heave and Doppler effects from point measurements. Here, open ocean wave ...

Alejandro Cifuentes-Lorenzen; James. B. Edson; Christopher J. Zappa; Ludovic Bariteau

72

Linear Equatorial Wave Mode Initialization in a Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean: An Initialization Scheme for Tropical Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation in models of the tropical oceans can generate spurious equatorial wave modes which are potentially harmful to the model background fields. The amplitudes of these spurious wave modes can often be large and, in general, depend ...

Andrew M. Moore

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Gravity Wave Generation by a Three-Dimensional Thermal Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal forcing is one of the mechanisms of wave generation in convection. Although it does not account for all the wave generation mechanisms, thermal forcing is a good proxy for estimating the gravity wave spectrum forced by convection. This ...

Jadwiga H. Beres

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

COMMERCIAL FISHERY DATA FROM A PROPOSED OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) SITE IN PUERTO RICO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) sites to identify thethermal energy conversion (OTEC) program; preoperationalOCEAN THERHAL _ENERGY _CONVERSION(OTEC) --:siTE IN PUERTO

Ryan, Constance J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Ocean Energy Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth's surface. As the world's largest solar collectors, oceans contain thermal energy from the sun and produce mechanical energy from tides and waves. Even...

76

Open Ocean Aquaculture & Wave Energy Site | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aquaculture & Wave Energy Site Aquaculture & Wave Energy Site Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Open Ocean Aquaculture & Wave Energy Site Overseeing Organization University of New Hampshire Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Offshore Berth Depth(m) 52.0 Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Offshore Mooring System is placed in 52m water depth with a subsurface attachment grid at 20m. The entire mooring system covers 36 acres of bottom. There are four 'bays' into which devices can be attached. Each bay is approximately 130m on a side. There is a database with ~10 years of wave data and other environmental parameters available. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes

77

Interplay of Resonant and Quasi-Resonant Interaction of the Directional Ocean Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent experimental study of the evolution of random directional gravity waves in deep water provides new insight into the nature of the spectral evolution of the ocean waves and the relative significance of resonant and quasi-resonant wave ...

Takuji Waseda; Takeshi Kinoshita; Hitoshi Tamura

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Ocean Wave Energy Company OWECO | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Company OWECO Energy Company OWECO Jump to: navigation, search Name Ocean Wave Energy Company (OWECO) Place Bristol, Rhode Island Sector Ocean Product Wave energy device developer. The company has patented the OWEC Ocean Wave Energy Converter®., a device consisting of a submerged array, suspended at depths permitting full reciprocation of buoys and respective driveshafts. Coordinates 42.55678°, -88.050449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.55678,"lon":-88.050449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

79

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARY DATA REPORT FOR THE NOVEMBER 1977 GOTEC-02 CRUISE TO THE GULF OF MEXICO MOBILE SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9437 GOTEC-02 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARYto potential Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) sites inThree Proposed Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Sites:

Commins, M.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Thermal Stability of the World Ocean Thermoclines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the strong variation with temperature of the thermal expansion coefficient of seawater, both horizontal and vertical mixing that perturb the gradients produce changes of volume, usually a decrease, that shift mass relative to the earth'...

N. P. Fofonoff

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Observation of the Power Spectrum of Ocean Waves Using a Cloverleaf Buoy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power spectra of typical sets of ocean wave data obtained in the open ocean using a cloverleaf buoy are analyzed to determine an idealized form for the spectrum of ocean surface waves. It is shown that most of the single-peaked spectra ...

Hisashi Mitsuyasu; Fukuzo Tasai; Toshiro Suhara; Shinjiro Mizuno; Makoto Ohkusu; Tadao Honda; Kunio Rikiishi

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Seawater pump study: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Program. Final report. [For ocean thermal power plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The pumping power required to move cold seawater and warm seawater through an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) power plant is a significant portion of the plant power output; therefore, seawater pump performance, sizing, and cost information are very influential inputs into any power plant system design optimizations. The analysis and evaluation of large seawater pumping systems selected specifically for the OTEC application are provided with a view toward judging the impact of pump selection on overall OTEC power plant performance. A self-contained bulb, direct drive, axial flow pump was found to have a distinct advantage in performance and arrangement flexibility. A design of a pump operating at a net total head rise of 3.5 meters and a flow capacity of 100 m/sup 3//s is presented including pump blade geometry (profiles), pump diffuser geometry, and pump/diffuser configuration and performance. Results are presented in terms of the geometric and power requirements of several related pump designs over a range of seawater capacity from 25 m/sup 3//s to 100 m/sup 3//s. Summary analysis and evaluations include pump design weights and cost estimates.

Little, T.E.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

A Coupled Atmosphere–Wave–Ocean Modeling System: Simulation of the Intensity of an Idealized Tropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–wave–ocean modeling system (CAWOMS) based on the integration of atmosphere–wave, atmosphere–ocean, and wave–current interaction processes is developed. The component models consist of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)...

Bin Liu; Huiqing Liu; Lian Xie; Changlong Guan; Dongliang Zhao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ocean Surface Wave Measurement Using a Steerable High-Frequency Narrow-Beam Ground Wave Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground wave radar is emerging as an important tool for routine monitoring of ocean surface conditions and for ship and sea-ice surveillance at ranges well beyond the line-of-sight horizon that limits conventional systems. A major Canadian advance ...

E. W. Gill; M. L. Khandekar; R. K. Howell; J. Walsh

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Oceanic Rossby Wave Dynamics and the ENSO Period in a Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical ocean wave dynamics associated with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation cycle in a coupled model are examined. The ocean–atmosphere model consists of statistical atmosphere coupled to a simple reduced gravity model of the tropical Pacific ...

Ben P. Kirtman

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Long-Wave Dynamics of Sea Level Variations during Indian Ocean Dipole Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-wave dynamics of the interannual variations of the equatorial Indian Ocean circulation are studied using an ocean general circulation model forced by the assimilated surface winds and heat flux of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

Dongliang Yuan; Hailong Liu

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Air–Ice–Ocean Momentum Exchange. Part 1:Energy Transfer between Waves and Ice Floes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy exchange between ocean surface waves and ice floes in the marginal ice zone (MIZ) involves the scattering and attenuation of wave energy and the excitation of oscillation modes of the ice floes, as open ocean waves propagate into the ...

W. Perrie; Y. Hu

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF IMPINGEMENT AND ENTRAINMENT BY OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Program PreoperationalOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), U.S. Department ofOregon State University. Conversion Power Plants. Corvallis,

Sullivan, S.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

STEP—A Temperature Profiler for Measuring the Oceanic Thermal Boundary Layer at the Ocean–Air Interface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast measuring system has been designed and built to determine the oceanic thermal microstructure at the ocean–air interface. The system consists of a profiler sonde, which amends through the uppermost few meters of the ocean with a time of ...

Theodor C. Mammen; Nikolaus von Bosse

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Environmental programs for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The environmental research effort in support of the US Department of Energy's Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) program has the goal of providing documented information on the effect of proposed operations on the ocean and the effect of oceanic conditions on the plant. The associated environment program consists of archival studies in potential areas serial oceanographic cruises to sites or regions of interest, studies from various fixed platforms at sites, and compilation of such information for appropriate legal compliance and permit requirements and for use in progressive design of OTEC plants. Site/regions investigated are south of Mobile and west of Tampa, Gulf of Mexico; Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico; St. Croix, Virgin Islands; Kahe Point, Oahu and Keahole Point, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands; and off the Brazilian south Equatorial Coast. Four classes of environmental concerns identified are: redistribution of oceanic properties (ocean water mixing, impingement/entrainment etc.); chemical pollution (biocides, working fluid leaks, etc.); structural effects (artificial reef, aggregation, nesting/migration, etc.); socio-legal-economic (worker safety, enviromaritime law, etc.).

Wilde, P.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Mass transport in the Stokes edge wave for constant arbitrary bottom slope in a rotating ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lagrangian mass transport in the Stokes surface edge wave is obtained from the vertically integrated equations of momentum and mass in a viscous rotating ocean, correct to second order in wave steepness. The analysis is valid for bottom slope ...

Peygham Ghaffari; Jan Erik H. Weber

92

Rossby Wave Instability and Apparent Phase Speeds in Large Ocean Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stability of baroclinic Rossby waves in large ocean basins is examined, and the quasigeostrophic (QG) results of LaCasce and Pedlosky are generalized. First, stability equations are derived for perturbations on large-scale waves, using the ...

P. E. Isachsen; J. H. LaCasce; J. Pedlosky

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Unstable Waves on Oceanic Fronts: Large Amplitude Behavior and Mean Flow Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation numerical model is used to study the large amplitude behavior of unstable waves on an oceanic density front, concentrating on a single wave mode corresponding to the fastest growing linear solution. At Small amplitude the ...

Richard A. Wood

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The WAM Model—A Third Generation Ocean Wave Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A third generation wave model is presented that integrates the basic transport equation describing the evolution of a two-dimensional ocean wave spectrum without additional ad hoe assumptions regarding the spectral shape. The three source ...

The Wamdi Group

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Mooring Design Using Wave-State Estimate from the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Southern Ocean Flux Station was deployed near 47°S, 140°E. The extreme wind and wave conditions at this location require appropriate mooring design, which includes dynamic fatigue analysis and static analysis. An accurate estimate of the wave ...

E. W. Schulz; M. A. Grosenbaugh; L. Pender; D. J. M. Greenslade; T. W. Trull

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Ocean acoustic wave propagation and ray method correspondence: internal wave fine structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic wave fields propagating long ranges through the ocean are refracted by the inhomogeneities in the ocean's sound speed profile. Intuitively, for a given acoustic source frequency, the inhomogeneities become ineffective at refracting the field beyond a certain fine scale determined by the acoustic wavelength. On the other hand, ray methods are sensitive to infinitely fine features. Thus, it is possible to complicate arbitrarily the ray dynamics, and yet have the wave field propagate unchanged. This feature raises doubts about the ray/wave correspondence. Given the importance of various analyses relying on ray methods, a proper model should, at a minimum, exclude all of the fine structure that does not significantly alter the propagated wave field when the correspondence to the ray dynamics is integral. We develop a simple, efficient, smoothing technique to be applied to the inhomogeneities - a low pass filtering performed in the spatial domain - and give a characterization of its necessary extent as a function of acoustic source frequency. We indicate how the smoothing improves the ray/wave correspondence, and show that the so-called ``ray chaos'' problem remains above a very low frequency (about 15-25 Hz).

Katherine C. Hegewisch; Nicholas R. Cerruti; Steven Tomsovic

2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

97

Propagation and Decay of Forced and Free Baroclinic Rossby Waves in Off-Equatorial Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baroclinic Rossby wave motions in the off-equatorial oceans are investigated with emphasis on how eddy dissipation can influence the propagation of the height anomalies when both the forced wave response to wind in the interior ocean and the free ...

Bo Qiu; Weifeng Miao; Peter Müller

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ocean Wave Energy-Driven Desalination Systems for Off-grid Coastal Communities in Developing Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resolute Marine Energy, Inc. (RME) is based in Boston, MA and is developing ocean wave energy converters (WECs) to benefit remote off-grid communities in developing nations. Our two WEC technologies are based on the heaving and surging motion of a buoy ... Keywords: ocean wave energy, renewable energy, desalination, water, coastal communities

Eshwan Ramudu

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A Spar Buoy for High-Frequency Wave Measurements and Detection of Wave Breaking in the Open Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waves and wave breaking play a significant role in the air–sea exchanges of momentum, sea spray aerosols, and trace gases such as CO2, but few direct measurements of wave breaking have been obtained in the open ocean (far from the coast). This ...

Robin W. Pascal; Margaret J. Yelland; Meric A. Srokosz; Bengamin I. Moat; Edward M. Waugh; Daniel H. Comben; Alex G. Cansdale; Mark C. Hartman; David G. H. Coles; Ping Chang Hsueh; Timothy G. Leighton

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Variations in the Flow of the Global Atmosphere Associated with a Composite Convectively Coupled Oceanic Kelvin Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kelvin waves in the Pacific Ocean occasionally develop and propagate eastward together with anomalies of deep convection and low-level westerly wind. This pattern suggests coupling between the oceanic waves and atmospheric convection. A simple ...

Paul E. Roundy; Lynn M. Gribble-Verhagen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ocean thermal energy conversion plants : experimental and analytical study of mixing and recirculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is a method of generating power using the vertical temperature gradient of the tropical ocean as an energy source. Experimental and analytical studies have been carried out to determine ...

Jirka, Gerhard H.

102

Near-inertial and thermal to atmospheric forcing in the North Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observational and modeling techniques are employed to investigate the thermal and inertial upper ocean response to wind and buoyancy forcing in the North Atlantic Ocean. First, the seasonal kinetic energy variability of ...

Silverthorne, Katherine E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Program. Volume 1. Preoperatinal ocean test platform  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An environmental impact assessment for the field test of the first preoperational Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, referred to as OTEC-1, is presented. The conceptual design of OTEC-1 is described, and the existing environments at the four OTEC-1 study sites (Punta Tuna, Keahole Point, offshore New Orleans, and offshore Tampa) are discussed. The environmental impacts considered include organism impingement, organism entrainment, ocean water mixing, metallic ion release, chlorine release, ammonia leakage, oil release, and platform attraction. The development of a risk assessment model for credible accidents at OTEC-1 is discussed. Also, the federal and state legal, safety, and health policies pertinent to OTEC-1 are presented. A glossary is included. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Directional Wind-Wave Coupling in Fully Coupled Atmosphere-Wave-Ocean Models: Results from CBLAST-Hurricane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extreme high winds, intense rainfall, large ocean waves, and copious sea spray in hurricanes push the surface-exchange parameters for temperature, water vapor, and momentum into untested regimes. The Coupled Boundary Layer Air-Sea Transfer (...

Shuyi S. Chen; Wei Zhao; Mark A. Donelan; Hendrik L. Tolman

105

Directional Wind–Wave Coupling in Fully Coupled Atmosphere–Wave–Ocean Models: Results from CBLAST-Hurricane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extreme high winds, intense rainfall, large ocean waves, and copious sea spray in hurricanes push the surface-exchange parameters for temperature, water vapor, and momentum into untested regimes. The Coupled Boundary Layer Air–Sea Transfer (...

Shuyi S. Chen; Wei Zhao; Mark A. Donelan; Hendrik L. Tolman

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Carbon dioxide release from ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) cycles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of recent measurements of CO{sub 2} release from an open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) experiment. Based on these data, the rate of short-term CO{sub 2} release from future open-cycle OTEC plants is projected to be 15 to 25 times smaller than that from fossil-fueled electric power plants. OTEC system that incorporate subsurface mixed discharge are expected to result in no long-term release. OTEC plants can significantly reduce CO{sub 2} emissions when substituted for fossil-fueled power generation. 12 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Green, H.J. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)); Guenther, P.R. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Linear Stratospheric Gravity Waves above Convective Thermal Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spectra of linear gravity waves generated by a time-varying tropospheric thermal forcing representing organized convection are compared to the spectra of stratospheric gravity waves generated by organized convection in a fully nonlinear two-...

Rajul E. Pandya; M. Joan Alexander

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Tropical Oceanic Response to Extratropical Thermal Forcing in a Coupled Climate Model: A Comparison between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical oceanic response to the extratropical thermal forcing is quantitatively estimated in a coupled climate model. This work focuses on comparison of the responses between the tropical Atlantic and Pacific. Under the same extratropical ...

Haijun Yang; Lu Wang

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARY DATA REPORT FOR THE NOVEMBER 1977 GOTEC-02 CRUISE TO THE GULF OF MEXICO MOBILE SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARY DATA REPORTOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) sites in the Gulf ofOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Sites: Puerto Rico,

Commins, M.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION ECOLOGICAL DATA REPORT FROM 0. S. S. RESEARCHER IN GULF OF MEXICO, JULY 12-23, 1977.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

01 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION ECOLOGICAL DATA REPORTOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Sites: Puerto Rico,Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion plant were in- itiated in

Quinby-Hunt, M.S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The dynamics of internal gravity waves in the ocean: theory and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider fundamental processes of the disturbance and propagation of internal gravity waves in the ocean modeled as a vertically stratified, horizontally non-uniform, and non-stationary medium. We develop asymptotic methods for describing the wave dynamics by generalizing the spatiotemporal ray-tracing method (a geometrical optics method). We present analytical and numerical algorithms for calculating the internal gravity wave fields using actual ocean parameters such as physical characteristics of the sea water, topography of its floor, etc. We demonstrate that our mathematical models can realistically describe the internal gravity wave dynamics in the ocean. Our numerical and analytical results show that the internal gravity waves have a significant impact on underwater objects in the ocean.

Bulatov, Vitaly V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The dynamics of internal gravity waves in the ocean: theory and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider fundamental processes of the disturbance and propagation of internal gravity waves in the ocean modeled as a vertically stratified, horizontally non-uniform, and non-stationary medium. We develop asymptotic methods for describing the wave dynamics by generalizing the spatiotemporal ray-tracing method (a geometrical optics method). We present analytical and numerical algorithms for calculating the internal gravity wave fields using actual ocean parameters such as physical characteristics of the sea water, topography of its floor, etc. We demonstrate that our mathematical models can realistically describe the internal gravity wave dynamics in the ocean. Our numerical and analytical results show that the internal gravity waves have a significant impact on underwater objects in the ocean.

Vitaly V. Bulatov; Yuriy V. Vladimirov

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

113

Ocean Energy Technology Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ocean Energy Technology Basics Ocean Energy Technology Basics Ocean Energy Technology Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:18pm Addthis Text Version Photo of low waves in the ocean. A dock is visible in the background. Oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth's surface. As the world's largest solar collectors, oceans contain thermal energy from the sun and produce mechanical energy from tides and waves. Even though the sun affects all ocean activity, the gravitational pull of the moon primarily drives tides, and wind powers ocean waves. Learn more about: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy Ocean Resources Addthis Related Articles Energy Department Releases New Energy 101 Video on Ocean Power A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology

114

On the internal gravity waves in the stratified ocean with shear flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider a fundamental problem of describing the dynamics of internal gravity waves in the stratified ocean with shear flows. We develop an asymptotic representation of the wave fields in terms of the Green's functions. We explore the far field of the internal gravity waves generated by disturbing sources, and propose asymptotic algorithms for calculating its dynamics.

Bulatov, Vitaly V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

On the internal gravity waves in the stratified ocean with shear flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider a fundamental problem of describing the dynamics of internal gravity waves in the stratified ocean with shear flows. We develop an asymptotic representation of the wave fields in terms of the Green's functions. We explore the far field of the internal gravity waves generated by disturbing sources, and propose asymptotic algorithms for calculating its dynamics.

Vitaly V. Bulatov; Yuriy V. Vladimirov

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

116

Interaction of Ocean Waves with a Soft Bottom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soft muddy bottoms have significant effects on properties of water waves which propagate over them. The wave dispersion equation is modified and wave energy is dissipated by the coupling between the waves in water and those induced in the mud ...

S. V. Hsiao; O. H. Shemdin

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Propagation of Low-Mode Internal Waves through the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The baroclinic tides play a significant role in the energy budget of the abyssal ocean. Although the basic principles of generation and propagation are known, a clear understanding of these phenomena in the complex ocean environment is only now ...

Luc Rainville; Robert Pinkel

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Low-Frequency Variability in the Midlatitude Baroclinic Atmosphere Induced by an Oceanic Thermal Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the flow induced by an east–west-oriented oceanic thermal front in a highly idealized baroclinic model. Previous work showed that thermal fronts could produce energetic midlatitude jets in an equivalent-barotropic atmosphere ...

Yizhak Feliks; Michael Ghil; Eric Simonnet

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Development and Implementation of Wind-Generated Ocean Surface Wave Modelsat NCEP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief historical overview of numerical wind wave forecast modeling efforts at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is presented, followed by an in-depth discussion of the new operational National Oceanic and Atmospheric ...

Hendrik L. Tolman; Bhavani Balasubramaniyan; Lawrence D. Burroughs; Dmitry V. Chalikov; Yung Y. Chao; Hsuan S. Chen; Vera M. Gerald

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Use of the 3D Radon Transform to Examine the Properties of Oceanic Rossby Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most successful applications of satellite-borne radar altimeter data over the oceans in recent years has been the extraction of information about long-wavelength baroclinic Rossby (or planetary) waves, which play a significant role in ...

Peter G. Challenor; Paolo Cipollini; David Cromwell

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Current-Induced Modulation of the Ocean Wave Spectrum and the Role of Nonlinear Energy Transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations were performed to investigate current-induced modulation of the spectral and statistical properties of ocean waves advected by idealized and realistic current fields. In particular, the role of nonlinear energy transfer ...

Hitoshi Tamura; Takuji Waseda; Yasumasa Miyazawa; Kosei Komatsu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Transient Evolution of Langmuir Turbulence in Ocean Boundary Layers Driven by Hurricane Winds and Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large-eddy simulation (LES) model, which adopts wave-averaged equations with vortex force, is used to investigate Langmuir turbulence and ocean boundary layer (OBL) dynamics in high-wind hurricane conditions. The temporally evolving spatially ...

Peter P. Sullivan; Leonel Romero; James C. McWilliams; W. Kendall Melville

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A Planetary Wave Analysis Using the Acoustic and Conventional Arrays in the 1981 Ocean Tomography Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the maximum likelihood estimation method, quasi-geostrophic wave solutions are fitted to the observations of the 1981 Ocean Acoustic Tomography Experiment. The experiment occupied a 300 km square area centered at 26°N, 70°W over a duration ...

Ching-Sang Chiu; Yves Desaubies

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Simultaneous Measurement of Ocean Winds and Waves with an Airborne Coherent Real Aperture Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coherent, X-band airborne radar has been developed to measure wind speed and direction simultaneously with directional wave spectra on the ocean. The coherent real aperture radar (CORAR) measures received power, mean Doppler shifts, and mean ...

William J. Plant; William C. Keller; Kenneth Hayes

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Effect of Breaking Waves on the Transport of Heat and Vapor Fluxes from the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One method of studying the complexities of the atmospheric surface layer over the ocean during high sea states is to consider the waves as moving drag objects for the wind. The study treats transport equations for the momentum, temperature, ...

S. C. Ling

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A Study of the Wavenumber Spectra of Short Water Waves in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial measurements of capillary-gravity waves in the ocean were obtained using a scanning slope sensor mounted on a free-drifting buoy intended to minimize the flow disturbance. The data provide direct calculation of the wavenumber spectra of ...

Paul A. Hwang; Serhad Atakturk; A. Sletten; Dennis B. Trizna

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Intercomparison of the Performance of Operational Ocean Wave Forecasting Systems with Buoy Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The monthly exchange of ocean wave model data has successfully been taking place among five operational weather centers. The data are compared with observations obtained from moored buoys and platforms. The analysis of 3 yr of data has helped to ...

Jean-Raymond Bidlot; Damian J. Holmes; Paul A. Wittmann; Roop Lalbeharry; Hsuan S. Chen

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Airborne Measurements of the Wavenumber Spectra of Ocean Surface Waves. Part II: Directional Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An airborne scanning lidar system acquires three-dimensional (3D) spatial topography of ocean surface waves. From the spatial data, wavenumber spectra are computed directly. The spectral properties in terms of the spectral slope and dimensionless ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang; Edward J. Walsh; William B. Krabill; Robert N. Swift

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

High-Height Long-Period Ocean Waves Generated by a Severe Storm in the Northeast Pacific Ocean during February 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unusally severe storms occurred in the northeast Pacific Ocean between January and March 1983, and waves from these storms caused extensive erosion and damage along the U.S. west coast. Wave conditions as measured by eight data buoys are ...

Marshall D. Earle; Kathryn A. Bush; Glenn D. Hamilton

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source For Defense New Ventures #12;What is OTEC? OTEC B fiOTEC Benefits: Large Renewable Energy Source 3-5 Terawatts Water Temperature Delta 2 A New Clean Renewable 24/7 Energy Source #12;Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

131

Non-spectral methods of analysis of the internal gravity waves measurements in ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to the presentation of the non-spectral methods of analysis of the natural measurements of the internal gravity waves in the ocean with the purpose to determine characteristics of the wave-trains composing the measured field, the forms and parameters of the ocean along the pass of these wave-trains propagation. The problem of the analysis of the data of the natural measurements of the internal waves with the purpose to separate the single wave-trains from the measured field, and on this basis to determine the characteristics of these wave-trains, to receive the information on the sources of excitation of the waves, and the information on the properties of the ocean along the pass of the waves propagation, is directly connected with the problems of the wave dynamics. The basis of the offered algorithms of the analysis is the supposition, that the measured wave field represents the sum of the plane wave-trains having the certain speed and directions of propagation. Transformation of the pac...

Bulatov, Vitaly A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Reactive thermal waves in energetic materials  

SciTech Connect

Reactive thermal waves (RTWs) arise in several energetic material applications, including self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), high explosive cookoff, and the detonation of heterogeneous explosives. In this paper I exmaine ideal RTWs, by which I mean that (1) material motion is neglected, (2) the state dependence of reaction is Arrhenius in the temperature, and (3) the reaction rate is modulated by an arbitrary mass-fraction-based reaction progress function. Numerical simulations demonstrate that one's natural intuition, which is based mainly upon experience with inert materials and which leads one to expect diffusion processes to become relatively slow after a short time period, is invalid for high energy, state-sensitive reactive systems. Instead, theory predicts that RTWs can propagate at very high speeds. This result agrees with estimates for detonating heterogeneous explosives, which indicate that RTWs must spread from hot-spot nucleation sites at rates comparable to the detonation speed in order to produce experimentally-observed reaction zone thicknesses. Using dimensionless scaling and further invoking the high activation energy approximation, I obtain an analytic formula for the steady plane RTW speed from numerical calculations. I then compute the RTW speed for real explosives, and discuss aspects of their behavior.

Hill, Larry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Measurements of Ocean Surface Turbulence and Wave–Turbulence Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The uppermost layers of the ocean, along with the lower atmospheric boundary layer, play a crucial role in the air–sea fluxes of momentum, heat, and mass, thereby providing important boundary conditions for both the atmosphere and the ocean that ...

Fabrice Veron; W. Kendall Melville; Luc Lenain

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Wirewalker: A Vertically Profiling Instrument Carrier Powered by Ocean Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean wave energy is used to drive a buoyant instrument platform down a wire suspended from a surface float. At the lower terminus of the profiling range, the cam that rectifies wave vertical motion is released and the package, termed the ...

R. Pinkel; M. A. Goldin; J. A. Smith; O. M. Sun; A. A. Aja; M. N. Bui; T. Hughen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Model-predicted distribution of wind-induced internal wave energy in the world's oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model-predicted distribution of wind-induced internal wave energy in the world's oceans Naoki 9 July 2008; published 30 September 2008. [1] The distribution of wind-induced internal wave energy-scaled kinetic energy are all consistent with the available observations in the regions of significant wind

Miami, University of

136

Lockheed Testing the Waters for Ocean Thermal Energy System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The company is working to develop a system to produce electricity using temperature differences in the ocean.

137

Structure of Intraseasonal Kelvin Waves in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that intraseasonal Kelvin waves are a prominent mode of variability in the eastern and central equatorial Pacific. These waves appear to be remotely forced by wind variations in the western Pacific and propagate ...

Eric S. Johnson; Michael J. Mc Phaden

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Interactions Between orographically and Thermally Forced Planetary Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive analysis has been made of the atmospheric planetary wave response to orographic and thermal forcing in midlatitudes using a simple model. Vertical heating profiles with maxima at the surface and in the mid-troposphere are ...

Kevin E. Trenberth

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Stationary Waves on a Sphere: Sensitivity to Thermal Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal forcing feedback is proposed to be an important mechanism in middle and high latitudes in determining the low-frequency variability of the stationary wave structure. The total diabatic heating in the atmosphere is not due solely to the ...

Harry H. Hendon; Dennis L. Hartmann

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Thermally Forced Stationary Waves in a Quasigeostrophic System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical solutions of thermally forced stationary waves in a linear quasigeostrophic model are obtained. It is found that the zonal flow has a profound impact on the structure of the responses. The inviscid solutions on a resting basic state ...

Ping Chen

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Directional Response of Ocean Waves to Changing Wind Direction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When analysing wave measurements in turning winds, one usually assumes that the rate of change of mean wave direction is determined by the angle between ?w, the wind direction, and ?o, the mean wave direction; however, it is well known that this ...

Gao Quanduo; Gerbrand Komen

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

A Comment on Long Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface currents near the equator in the eastern Pacific Ocean fluctuate with periods of 21–30 days. Channel model experiments determined that these changes in oscillations are attributed to variations in the intensity of the South Equatorial ...

Anne D. Seigel

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Draft environmental assessment: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Pilot Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared, in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, for the deployment and operation of a commercial 40-Megawatt (MW) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Pilot Plant (hereafter called the Pilot Plant). A description of the proposed action is presented, and a generic environment typical of the candidate Pilot Plant siting regions is described. An assessment of the potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed action is given, and the risk of credible accidents and mitigating measures to reduce these risks are considered. The Federal and State plans and policies the proposed action will encompass are described. Alternatives to the proposed action are presented. Appendix A presents the navigation and environmental information contained in the US Coast Pilot for each of the candidate sites; Appendix B provides a brief description of the methods and calculations used in the EA. It is concluded that environmental disturbances associated with Pilot Plant activities could potentially cause significant environmental impacts; however, the magnitude of these potential impacts cannot presently be assessed, due to insufficient engineering and environmental information. A site- and design-specific OTEC Pilot Plant Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is required to resolve the potentially significant environmental effects associated with Pilot Plant deployment and operation. (WHK)

Sullivan, S.M.; Sands, M.D.; Donat, J.R.; Jepsen, P.; Smookler, M.; Villa, J.F.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Programmatic Environmental Analysis--Appendices  

SciTech Connect

The programmatic environmental analysis is an initial assessment of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) technology considering development, demonstration and commercialization. It is concluded that the OTEC development program should continue because the development, demonstration, and commercialization on a single-plant deployment basis should not present significant environmental impacts. However, several areas within the OTEC program require further investigation in order to assess the potential for environmental impacts from OTEC operation, particularly in large-scale deployments and in defining alternatives to closed-cycle biofouling control: (1) Larger-scale deployments of OTEC clusters or parks require further investigations in order to assess optimal platform siting distances necessary to minimize adverse environmental impacts. (2) The deployment and operation of the preoperational platform (OTEC-1) and future demonstration platforms must be carefully monitored to refine environmental assessment predictions, and to provide design modifications which may mitigate or reduce environmental impacts for larger-scale operations. These platforms will provide a valuable opportunity to fully evaluate the intake and discharge configurations, biofouling control methods, and both short-term and long-term environmental effects associated with platform operations. (3) Successful development of OTEC technology to use the maximal resource capabilities and to minimize environmental effects will require a concerted environmental management program, encompassing many different disciplines and environmental specialties. This volume contains these appendices: Appendix A -- Deployment Scenario; Appendix B -- OTEC Regional Characterization; and Appendix C -- Impact and Related Calculations.

Authors, Various

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Discrete-element model for the interaction between ocean waves and sea ice  

SciTech Connect

We present a discrete element method (DEM) model to simulate the mechanical behavior of sea ice in response to ocean waves. The wave/ice interaction can potentially lead to the fracture and fragmentation of sea ice depending on the wave amplitude and period. The fracture behavior of sea ice is explicitly modeled by a DEM method, where sea ice is modeled by densely packed spherical particles with finite size. These particles are bonded together at their contact points through mechanical bonds that can sustain both tensile & compressive forces and moments. Fracturing can be naturally represented by the sequential breaking of mechanical bonds. For a given amplitude and period of incident ocean wave, the model provides information for the spatial distribution and time evolution of stress and micro-fractures and the fragment size distribution. We demonstrate that the fraction of broken bonds,, increases with increasing wave amplitude. In contrast, the ice fragment size decreases with increasing amplitude.

Xu, Zhijie; Tartakovsky, Alexandre M.; Pan, Wenxiao

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

The Effect of Wind–Wave–Current Interaction on Air–Sea Momentum Fluxes and Ocean Response in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the wind–wave–current interaction mechanisms in tropical cyclones and their effect on the surface wave and ocean responses are investigated through a set of numerical experiments. The key element of the authors’ modeling approach ...

Yalin Fan; Isaac Ginis; Tetsu Hara

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Airborne Measurements of the Wavenumber Spectra of Ocean Surface Waves. Part I: Spectral Slope and Dimensionless Spectral Coefficient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An airborne scanning lidar system acquires 3D spatial topography of ocean surface waves. From the spatial data, wavenumber spectra are computed directly. The spectral analyses of two distinctively different wave fields are presented. The first ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang; Edward J. Walsh; William B. Krabill; Robert N. Swift

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030 January 27, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology A map generated by Georgia Tech's tidal energy resource database shows mean current speed of tidal streams. The East Coast, as shown above, has strong tides that could be tapped to produce energy. | Photo courtesy of Georgia Institute of Technology Hoyt Battey Water Power Market Acceleration and Deployment Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program

149

Gravitational Potential Energy Balance for the Thermal Circulation in a Model Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gravitational potential energy balance of the thermal circulation in a simple rectangular model basin is diagnosed from numerical experiments based on a mass-conserving oceanic general circulation model. The vertical mixing coefficient is ...

Rui Xin Huang; Xingze Jin

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The Relationship between Tibet-Tropical Ocean Thermal Contrast and Interannual Variability of Indian Monsoon Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the northern summer the Tibetan Plateau is a heat source for the atmosphere, and the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Cold Tongue is a heat sink, both contributing to the thermal forcing of large-scale quasi-zonal atmospheric circulation.

Congbin Fu; Joseph O. Fletcher

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Intraseasonal Variability of the Upper-Ocean Thermal Structure Observed at 0° and 165°E  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to perturbations in surface wind and energy fluxes associated with the atmospheric Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), the thermal structure of the upper ocean (surface to 300 m) in the equatorial western Pacific exhibits prominent and ...

Chidong Zhang

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Low-Frequency Variability in the Midlatitude Atmosphere Induced by an Oceanic Thermal Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the flow induced in a highly idealized atmospheric model by an east–west-oriented oceanic thermal front. The model has a linear marine boundary layer coupled to a quasigeostrophic, equivalent- barotropic free atmosphere. The ...

Yizhak Feliks; Michael Ghil; Eric Simonnet

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resource This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed...

154

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TECHNICAL REPORT TECHNICAL REPORT Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource EPRI Project Manager P. Jacobson 3420 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304-1338 USA PO Box 10412 Palo Alto, CA 94303-0813 USA 800.313.3774 650.855.2121 askepri@epri.com 1024637 www.epri.com Final Report, December 2011 Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI).

155

Karhunen-Loeve representation of stochastic ocean waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new stochastic representation of a seastate is developed based on the Karhunen–Loeve spectral decomposition of stochastic signals and the use of Slepian prolate spheroidal wave functions with a tunable bandwidth parameter. ...

Sclavounos, Paul D.

156

Oceanic Isopycnal Slope Spectra. Part I: Internal Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal tow measurements of internal waves are rare and have been largely supplanted in recent decades by vertical profile measurements. Here, estimates of isotherm displacements and turbulence dissipation rate from a towed vehicle deployed ...

Jody M. Klymak; James N. Moum

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Correlations between Ambient Noise and the Ocean Surface Wave Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the ambient noise spectrum level N with simultaneous, coincident wind and wave measurements were made from RP FLIP in fall 1991. The measurements were designed to investigate the correlation between the ambient noise and relevant ...

Francis C. Felizardo; W. Kendall Melville

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Ocean Wave Slope Observations Using Radar Backscatter and Laser Altimeters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combination of laser and radar aboard an aircraft is used to directly measure long gravity wave surface tilting simultaneously with nadir-viewing microwave backscatter from the sea surface. The presented dataset is extensive, encompassing varied ...

D. Vandemark; B. Chapron; J. Sun; G. H. Crescenti; H. C. Graber

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Evolution of the Bimodal Directional Distribution of Ocean Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent results of numerical wave models have shown that the presence of a bimodal directional spreading is a robust feature at wavenumbers above the spectral peak. This directional bimodality is controlled mainly by directional transfer of energy ...

David W. Wang; Paul A. Hwang

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Dynamic Excitation of Internal Gravity Waves in the Equatorial Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is proposed that shear instability of the upper flank of the equatorial undercurrent may generate, under a broad range of conditions, downward propagating internal gravity waves (IGW) of large amplitude. The generation mechanism is shown to ...

B. R. Sutherland

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Method and apparatus for millimeter-wave detection of thermal waves for materials evaluation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for generating thermal waves in a sample and for measuring thermal inhomogeneities at subsurface levels using millimeter-wave radiometry. An intensity modulated heating source is oriented toward a narrow spot on the surface of a material sample and thermal radiation in a narrow volume of material around the spot is monitored using a millimeter-wave radiometer; the radiometer scans the sample point-by-point and a computer stores and displays in-phase and quadrature phase components of thermal radiations for each point on the scan. Alternatively, an intensity modulated heating source is oriented toward a relatively large surface area in a material sample and variations in thermal radiation within the full field of an antenna array are obtained using an aperture synthesis radiometer technique.

Gopalsami, Nachappa (Naperville, IL); Raptis, Apostolos C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Spatially Broad Observations of Internal Waves in the Upper Ocean at the Hawaiian Ridge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The density and current structure at the Hawaiian Ridge was observed using SeaSoar and Doppler sonar during a survey extending from Oahu to Brooks Banks. Across- and along-ridge changes in internal wave statistics in the upper ocean within 200 km ...

Joseph P. Martin; Daniel L. Rudnick; Robert Pinkel

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Eulerian versus Lagrangian Approaches to the Wave-Induced Transport in the Upper Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that the Eulerian and the Lagrangian descriptions of fluid motion yield the same form for the mean wave-induced volume fluxes in the surface layer of a viscous rotating ocean. In the Eulerian case, the volume fluxes are ...

Jan Erik H. Weber; Göran Broström; Øyvind Saetra

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

On Stable and Unstable Rossby Waves in Non-Zonal Oceanic Shear Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive linear equations for the study of baroclinic instability of a non-zonal oceanic shear flow whose direction is allowed to change with depth. These equations can be used to study unstable disturbances as well as stable Rossby waves in ...

Yong Q. Kang; James Michael Price; Lorenz Magaard

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Trapping of Waves by a Constant Slope internal Interface in a Two-Layer Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that “edge” and “continental shelf” waves can be trapped by a constant slope nearshore bottom; in a two-layer ocean of great constant depth, a constant slope internal interface, as well as the associated geostrophic current, can ...

Henri Lacombe

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

An Open Ocean Trial of Controlled Upwelling Using Wave Pump Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1976, John D. Isaacs proposed to use wave energy to invert the density structure of the ocean and pump deep, nutrient-rich water into the sunlit surface layers. The basic principle is simple: a length of tubing attached to a surface buoy at ...

Angelicque White; Karin Björkman; Eric Grabowski; Ricardo Letelier; Steve Poulos; Blake Watkins; David Karl

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Measurement of Ocean Wave Directional Spectra Using Doppler Side-Scan Sonar Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is presented for extraction of ocean wave directional spectra using Doppler side-scan sonars. Two 103-kHz steerable side-scan beams from a freely drifting subsurface platform are used to estimate horizontal water surface velocity due ...

Mark V. Trevorrow

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Modification of the Physics and Numerics in a Third-Generation Ocean Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ocean wave model WAM was recently upgraded to improve the coupling between the sea state and the air flow and, in particular, enhance the growth of young wind sea over that of old wind sea. Prior to this change, numerous validations of the ...

Leslie C. Bender

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Statistics of Richardson Number and Instability in Oceanic Internal Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability density function (pdf) of Richardson number in a Gaussian internal-wave field is derived. It is found to compare well with available data. The pdf depends on only parameter ?, the rms stain in the field, which is very weakly ...

Yves Desaubies; Woollcott K. Smith

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Increasing Wave Height in the North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are indications that the mean significant wave height at Seven Stones Light Vessel has increased in the period 1960–85. This is of considerable interest for the design of offshore structures and for coastal defense. In this note, the ...

E. Bouws; D. Jannink; G. J. Komen

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Hurricane Directional Wave Spectrum Spatial Variation in the Open Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sea surface directional wave spectrum was measured for the first time in all quadrants of a hurricane's inner core over open water. The NASA airborne scanning radar altimeter (SRA) carried aboard one of the NOAA WP-3D hurricane research ...

C. W. Wright; E. J. Walsh; D. Vandemark; W. B. Krabill; A. W. Garcia; S. H. Houston; M. D. Powell; P. G. Black; F. D. Marks

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

450 450 Varnish cache server Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Dataset Summary Description This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices.

173

MHK Technologies/Ocean Wave Power Spar Buoy Engine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spar Buoy Engine Spar Buoy Engine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Ocean Wave Power Spar Buoy Engine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Functional Design Engineering Inc Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Submerged Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A long period spar buoy supports a subsurface flow augmentor The augmentor directs water from the wave s submarine flow field to a free prime mover piston The prime mover is decoupled from the machine s PTO during times in the wave s cycle when there is little power available for conversion Wave energy is stored in the device until the is enough flow magnetude that power take off can efficiently take place Power can be taken off as high pressure water crankshaft torque or directly as DC electricity

174

MHK Technologies/Ocean Wave Energy Converter OWEC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Converter OWEC Converter OWEC < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Ocean Wave Energy Converter OWEC.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ocean Wave Energy Company Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Submerged Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description Neutrally suspended and positively buoyant modules are quick connected into open frame networks Submerged portions are stabilized by variable ballast buoyancy chambers and optional damper sheets situated at a relatively calm depth Frame members carry shaft components of linear rotary converters associated with large point absorber buoys Both directions of reciprocal wave motion i e vertical and horizontal motion directly drive components of counter rotating electrical generators Compared to standard generators wherein one is associated with upstroke and another of smaller proportion with downstroke this configuration increases relative speed with fewer parts Electromechanical loads are real time adjustable with respect to wave sensor web resulting in optimal energy conversion from near fully submerged wave following buoys Electrical conductors are series connected and further quick connected with those of other modules via upper frame members Through implementation of rep

175

MHK Projects/Greenwave Rhode Island Ocean Wave Energy Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenwave Rhode Island Ocean Wave Energy Project Greenwave Rhode Island Ocean Wave Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4501,"lon":-71.4495,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Effects of Wave—Wave and Wave-Mean Flow Interactions on the Growth and Maintenance of Transient Planetary Waves in the Presence of a Mean Thermal Restoring Force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to clarify the effects of wave—wave and wave-mean flow interactions on the growth and maintenance of extratropical tropospheric transient waves in the presence of a mean thermal restoring force, numerical experiments are conducted with ...

Y. Hayashi; D. G. Golder

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Spin and the Thermal Equilibrium Distribution of Wave Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consider a quantum system $S$ weakly interacting with a very large but finite system $B$ called the heat bath, and suppose that the composite $S\\cup B$ is in a pure state $\\Psi$ with participating energies between $E$ and $E+\\delta$ with small $\\delta$. Then, it is known that for most $\\Psi$ the reduced density matrix of $S$ is (approximately) equal to the canonical density matrix. That is, the reduced density matrix is universal in the sense that it depends only on $S$'s Hamiltonian and the temperature but not on $B$'s Hamiltonian, on the interaction Hamiltonian, or on the details of $\\Psi$. It has also been pointed out that $S$ can also be attributed a random wave function $\\psi$ whose probability distribution is universal in the same sense. This distribution is known as the "Scrooge measure" or "Gaussian adjusted projected (GAP) measure"; we regard it as the thermal equilibrium distribution of wave functions. The relevant concept of the wave function of a subsystem is known as the "conditional wave function". In this paper, we develop analogous considerations for particles with spin. One can either use some kind of conditional wave function or, more naturally, the "conditional density matrix", which is in general different from the reduced density matrix. We ask what the thermal equilibrium distribution of the conditional density matrix is, and find the answer that for most $\\Psi$ the conditional density matrix is (approximately) deterministic, in fact (approximately) equal to the canonical density matrix.

Viraj Pandya; Roderich Tumulka

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Modulation of South Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclones by the Madden–Julian Oscillation and Convectively Coupled Equatorial Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subseasonal modulation of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis by large-scale atmospheric wave modes is studied using data from the south Indian Ocean region. The modes considered are the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), and the convectively coupled ...

Miloud Bessafi; Matthew C. Wheeler

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Evaluation of Various Approximations in Atmosphere and Ocean Modeling based on an Exact Treatment of Gravity Wave Dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various approximations of the governing equations of compressible fluid dynamics are commonly used in both atmospheric and ocean modeling. Their main purpose is to eliminate the acoustic waves that are potentially responsible for inefficiency in ...

John K. Dukowicz

180

How Purely Wind-Driven Long Planetary Geostrophic Waves May Be Energized in the Western Part of Ocean Subtropical Gyres  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite observations and idealized numerical studies reveal intensification of long-period (on the order of one cycle per year) waves in the western part of ocean basins. The authors explore the idea that the intensification is associated with ...

Ivana Cerove?ki; Roland de Szoeke

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Fitting Dynamic Models to the Geosat Sea Level Observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Part I: A Free Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free, equatorially trapped sinusoidal wave solutions to a linear model on an equatorial beta plane are used to fit the Geosat altimetric sea level observations in the Tropical Pacific Ocean. The Kalman filter technique is used to estimate the ...

Lee-Lueng Fu; Jorge Vazquez; Claire Perigaud

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Numerical Study of Sea-Breeze-Driven Ocean Poincare Wave Propagation and Mixing near the Critical Latitude  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Near the vicinity of 30° latitude, the coincidence of the period of sea breeze and the inertial period of the ocean leads to a maximum near-inertial ocean response to sea breeze. This produces a propagating inertial internal (Poincare) wave ...

Xiaoqian Zhang; David C. Smith IV; Steven F. DiMarco; Robert D. Hetland

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The Use of Topographic Wave Modes to Solve for the Barotropic Mode of a Rigid-Lid Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topographic wave modes are defined for the barotropic mode of a rigid-lid ocean, and the question is asked whether these might form an efficient basis for a description of the barotropic mode of a general ocean flow. The modes are shown to be ...

C. W. Hughes

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Ocean thermal energy. Quarterly report, April-June 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This quarterly report includes summaries of the following tasks: (1) OTEC pilot plant conceptual design review; (2) OTEC methanol; (3) management decision requirements for OTEC construction; (4) hybrid geothermal - OTEC (GEOTEC) power plant performance estimates; and (5) supervision of testing of pneumatic wave energy conversion system.

Not Available

1982-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

185

Ocean thermal energy. Quarterly report, January-March 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This quarterly report summarizes work of the following tasks as of March 31, 1982: OTEC pilot plant conceptual design review; OTEC methanol; review of electrolyzer development programs and requirements; financial and legal considerations in OTEC implementation; potential Navy sites for GEOTEC systems; hybrid geothermal-OTEC power plants: single-cycle performance estimates; and supervision of testing of pneumatic wave energy conversion system.

Not Available

1982-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

186

Heat exchanger cleaning in support of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) - electronics subsystems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electronics systems supporting the development of biofouling countermeasures for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) are described. Discussed are the thermistor/thermopile amplifiers, heaters, flowmeters, temperature measurement, control systems for chlorination, flow driven brushes, and recirculating sponge rubber balls. The operation and troubleshooting of each electronic subsystem is documented.

Lott, D.F.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Annual Cycle of Subsurface Thermal Structure in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subsurface thermal structure in the tropical Atlantic Ocean (30°N–20°S, East of 80°W) is studied on the basis of an extensive data bank of subsurface soundings. Calendar monthly maps are presented showing mixed layer depth, base of ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Jacques Merle

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

An Attempt to Estimate the Thermal Resistance of the Upper Ocean to Climatic Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An attempt is made to estimate the thermal inertia of the upper ocean, relevant to climatic change. This is done by assuming that the annual variation in sea surface temperature (SST) can, to a first-order approximation, be described by a simple ...

H. M. Van Den Dool; J. D. Horel

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generally mushroom-shaped, open cycle OTEC system and distilled water producer which has a skirt-conduit structure extending from the enlarged portion of the mushroom to the ocean. The enlarged part of the mushroom houses a toroidal casing flash evaporator which produces steam which expands through a vertical rotor turbine, partially situated in the center of the blossom portion and partially situated in the mushroom's stem portion. Upon expansion through the turbine, the motive steam enters a shell and tube condenser annularly disposed about the rotor axis and axially situated beneath the turbine in the stem portion. Relatively warm ocean water is circulated up through the radially outer skirt-conduit structure entering the evaporator through a radially outer portion thereof, flashing a portion thereof into motive steam, and draining the unflashed portion from the evaporator through a radially inner skirt-conduit structure. Relatively cold cooling water enters the annular condenser through the radially inner edge and travels radially outwardly into a channel situated along the radially outer edge of the condenser. The channel is also included in the radially inner skirt-conduit structure. The cooling water is segregated from the potable, motive steam condensate which can be used for human consumption or other processes requiring high purity water. The expansion energy of the motive steam is partially converted into rotational mechanical energy of the turbine rotor when the steam is expanded through the shaft attached blades. Such mechanical energy drives a generator also included in the enlarged mushroom portion for producing electrical energy. Such power generation equipment arrangement provides a compact power system from which additional benefits may be obtained by fabricating the enclosing equipment, housings and component casings from low density materials, such as prestressed concrete, to permit those casings and housings to also function as a floating support vessel.

Wittig, J. Michael (West Goshen, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Barotropic Rossby Waves Radiating from Tropical Instability Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical instability waves are triggered by instabilities of the equatorial current systems, and their sea level signal, with peak amplitude near 5°N, is one of the most prominent features of the dynamic topography of the tropics. Cross-spectral ...

J. Thomas Farrar

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Shock Wave Collisions and Thermalization in AdS_5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study heavy ion collisions at strong 't Hooft coupling using AdS/CFT correspondence. According to the AdS/CFT dictionary heavy ion collisions correspond to gravitational shock wave collisions in AdS_5. We construct the metric in the forward light cone after the collision perturbatively through expansion of Einstein equations in graviton exchanges. We obtain an analytic expression for the metric including all-order graviton exchanges with one shock wave, while keeping the exchanges with another shock wave at the lowest order. We read off the corresponding energy-momentum tensor of the produced medium. Unfortunately this energy-momentum tensor does not correspond to ideal hydrodynamics, indicating that higher order graviton exchanges are needed to construct the full solution of the problem. We also show that shock waves must completely stop almost immediately after the collision in AdS_5, which, on the field theory side, corresponds to complete nuclear stopping due to strong coupling effects, likely leading to Landau hydrodynamics. Finally, we perform trapped surface analysis of the shock wave collisions demonstrating that a bulk black hole, corresponding to ideal hydrodynamics on the boundary, has to be created in such collisions, thus constructing a proof of thermalization in heavy ion collisions at strong coupling.

Yuri V. Kovchegov

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

192

Wavenumber–Frequency Spectra of Inertia–Gravity and Mixed Rossby–Gravity Waves in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the 1970s and 1980s, there was considerable interest in near-equatorial variability at periods of days to weeks associated with oceanic equatorial inertia–gravity waves and mixed Rossby–gravity waves. At that time, the measurements available ...

J. Thomas Farrar; Theodore S. Durland

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Radiation and Dissipation of Internal Waves Generated by Geostrophic Motions Impinging on Small-Scale Topography: Application to the Southern Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent estimates from observations and inverse models indicate that turbulent mixing associated with internal wave breaking is enhanced above rough topography in the Southern Ocean. In most regions of the ocean, abyssal mixing has been primarily ...

Maxim Nikurashin; Raffaele Ferrari

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

OceanEnergyMMS.p65  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior Ocean Energy PAGE 1 Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior Ocean Energy PAGE 1 Teacher Guide .......................................................... 2 Related National Science Standards .......................... 3 Introduction to Ocean Energy .................................. 4 Petroleum & Natural Gas ......................................... 5 Natural Oil and Gas Seeps ........................................ 7 Methane Hydrates .................................................... 8 Solar Energy .............................................................. 9 Wind Energy ........................................................... 10 Wave Energy ........................................................... 11 OTEC: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion .............

195

Wind-wave stabilization by a foam layer between the atmosphere and the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is motivated by recent findings of the decrease in the momentum transfer from strong winds to sea. The Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) of a three-fluid system of air, foam and water is examined within the range of intermediately short surface waves. The foam layer thickness necessary for effective separation of the atmosphere and the ocean is estimated. Due to high density contrasts in the three-fluid system, even a relatively thin foam layer between the atmosphere and the ocean can provide a significant stabilization of the water surface by the wavelength shift of the instability towards smaller scales. It is conjectured that such stabilization qualitatively explains the observed reduction of roughness and drag.

Shtemler, Yuri M; Mond, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Deep water pipe, pump, and mooring study: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion program. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ocean engineering issues affecting the design, construction, deployment, and operation of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) power plants are of key importance. This study addressed the problems associated with the conceptual design of the deep-water pipe, cold-water-pumping, and platform mooring arrangements. These subsystems fall into a natural grouping since the parameters affecting their design are closely related to each other and to the ocean environment. Analysis and evaluations are provided with a view toward judging the impact of the various subsystems on the overall plant concept and to provide an estimate of material and construction cost. Parametric data is provided that describes mooring line configurations, mooring line loads, cold water pipe configurations, and cold water pumping schemes. Selected parameters, issues, and evaluation criteria are used to judge the merits of candidate concepts over a range of OTEC plant size from 100 MWe to 1000 MWe net output power.

Little, T.E.; Marks, J.D.; Wellman, K.H.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Design and cost of near-term OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) plants for the production of desalinated water and electric power. [Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There currently is an increasing need for both potable water and power for many islands in the Pacific and Caribbean. The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) technology fills these needs and is a viable option because of the unlimited supply of ocean thermal energy for the production of both desalinated water and electricity. The OTEC plant design must be flexible to meet the product-mix demands that can be very different from site to site. This paper describes different OTEC plants that can supply various mixes of desalinated water and vapor -- the extremes being either all water and no power or no water and all power. The economics for these plants are also presented. The same flow rates and pipe sizes for both the warm and cold seawater streams are used for different plant designs. The OTEC plant designs are characterized as near-term because no major technical issues need to be resolved or demonstrated. The plant concepts are based on DOE-sponsored experiments dealing with power systems, advanced heat exchanger designs, corrosion and fouling of heat exchange surfaces, and flash evaporation and moisture removal from the vapor using multiple spouts. In addition, the mature multistage flash evaporator technology is incorporated into the plant designs were appropriate. For the supply and discharge warm and cold uncertainties do exist because the required pipe sizes are larger than the maximum currently deployed -- 40-inch high-density polyethylene pipe at Keahole Point in Hawaii. 30 refs., 6 figs., 8 tabs.

Rabas, T.; Panchal, C.; Genens, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Ocean thermal energy conversion power system development-I. Phase I. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Power System Development-I (PSD-I), Phase I, study was to develop conceptual and preliminary designs of closed-cycle ammonia power system modules for the 100-MW(e) OTEC Demonstration Plant, the 400-MW(e) Commercial Size Plant, and Heat Exchanger Test Articles representative of the full-size power system module design. Results are presented.

Not Available

1978-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

199

Ocean thermal plantships for production of ammonia as the hydrogen carrier.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional petroleum, natural gas, and coal are the primary sources of energy that have underpinned modern civilization. Their continued availability in the projected quantities required and the impacts of emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) on the environment are issues at the forefront of world concerns. New primary sources of energy are being sought that would significantly reduce the emissions of GHGs. One such primary source that can help supply energy, water, and fertilizer without GHG emissions is available in the heretofore unexploited thermal gradients of the tropical oceans. The world's oceans are the largest natural collector and reservoir of solar energy. The potential of ocean energy is limitless for producing base-load electric power or ammonia as the hydrogen carrier and fresh water from seawater. However, until now, ocean energy has been virtually untapped. The general perception is that ocean thermal energy is limited to tropical countries. Therefore, the full potential of at-sea production of (1) ammonia as a hydrogen carrier and (2) desalinated water has not been adequately evaluated. Using ocean thermal plantships for the at-sea co-production of ammonia as a hydrogen carrier and desalinated water offer potential energy, environmental, and economic benefits that support the development of the technology. The introduction of a new widespread solution to our projected energy supply requires lead times of a decade or more. Although continuation of the ocean thermal program from the 1970s would likely have put us in a mitigating position in the early 2000s, we still have a window of opportunity to dedicate some of our conventional energy sources to the development of this renewable energy by the time new sources would be critically needed. The primary objective of this project is to evaluate the technical and economic viability of ocean thermal plantships for the production of ammonia as the hydrogen carrier. This objective is achieved by completing project tasks that consist of updating the John Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) pilot plantship design and extrapolating it to commercial plantships, evaluating a new energy-efficient ammonia synthesis process, evaluating the co-production of desalinated water on plantships, and developing a conceptual design of a satellite plantships system for commercial-scale ammonia production. In addition, an industrial workshop was organized to present the results and develop future goals for commercialization of ocean thermal plantships by 2015. The following goals, arranged in chronological order, were examined at the workshop: (1) Global displacement of petroleum-fuel-based (diesel, fuel oil, naphtha) power generation for freeing up these fuels for transportation, chemical feedstock, and other high-valued uses; (2) At-sea production of desalinated water for regions of critical water shortages; (3) Displacement of carbon-based feed stocks and energy for production of ammonia fertilizers; (4) Development of hydrogen supply to allow economic processing of heavy crude oils and upgrading oil sands; (5) Development of ammonia-fueled distributed energy to displace natural-gas fueled power generation to free up natural gas for higher-value uses and the mitigation of issues associated with imported liquefied natural gas (LNG); and (6) Use of ammonia as a hydrogen carrier for transportation.

Panchal, C.B.; Pandolfini, P. P.; Kumm, W. H.; Energy Systems; Johns Hopkins Univ.; Arctic Energies, Ltd.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

200

Near and far field models of external fluid mechanics of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) power plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world is facing the challenge of finding new renewable sources of energy - first, in response to fossil fuel reserve depletion, and second, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) can ...

Rodríguez Buño, Mariana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Research on the external fluid mechanics of ocean thermal energy conversion plants : report covering experiments in a current  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes a set of experiments in a physical model study to explore plume transport and recirculation potential for a range of generic Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) plant designs and ambient conditions. ...

Fry, David J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Baroclinic Adjustment in an Atmosphere–Ocean Thermally Coupled Model: The Role of the Boundary Layer Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baroclinic eddy equilibration and the roles of different boundary layer processes in limiting the baroclinic adjustment are studied using an atmosphere–ocean thermally coupled model. Boundary layer processes not only affect the dynamical ...

Yang Zhang; Peter H. Stone

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Nonlinear Model of the Shoaling and Refraction of Interfacial Solitary Waves in the Ocean. Part I: Development of the Model and Investigations of the Shoaling Effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oceanic internal waves are frequently observed to be of large amplitude, and to exhibit significant wave front curvature, as seen in synthetic aperture radar images. The aim of this paper is to present a refraction model in two horizontal ...

Justin Small

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A survey of current issues in inverse problem theory as applied to thermal wave imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recovery of optical and thermal property depth profiles using thermal waves relies directly on the application of inverse problem theory to the photothermal data. A general strategy for assessing and interrelating existing works in the field is presented.

J. F. Power

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Corrosion and biofouling on the non-heat-exchanger surfaces of an ocean thermal energy conversion power plant: a survey  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Of the many foreseeable problems confronting economical ocean thermal energy conversion operation, two major items are the deterioration of the structural and functional components, which prevents efficient operation, and the biofouling of the surfaces, which adds excess weight to the floating ocean platform. The techniques required for effective long-term control of deterioration and corrosion have been investigated actively for many years, and successful solutions for most situations have been developed. For the most part, these solutions can be directly transferred to the ocean thermal energy conversion plant. The majority of problems in these areas are expected to be associated with scale-up and will require some advanced development due to the immensity of the ocean thermal energy conversion platform. Current antifouling control systems are not effective for long-term fouling prevention. Commercially available antifouling coatings are limited to a 3-year service life in temperate waters, and even shorter in tropical waters. However, underwater cleaning techniques and some fouling-control systems presently being used by conventional power plants may find utility on an ocean thermal energy conversion plant. In addition, some recent major advances in long-term antifouling coatings sponsored by the Navy may be applicable to ocean thermal energy conversion. 132 references.

Castelli, V.J. (ed.)

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

In-situ biofouling of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) evaporator tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Puerto Rico Center for Energy and Environmental Research equipped a LCU facility in 1100 m of water near Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico to measure in situ biofouling of simulated Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion evaporator tubes. The system consisted of two 5052 aluminum alloy and two titanium tubes, through which a continuous flow of ocean water was maintained. The tubes were cleaned three times and the fouling resistance was measured, showing only slight differences between the tubes with respect to heat transfer loss resulting from biofouling. In all units, the average fouling rate after cleaning was greater than before cleaning, and only after the first cleaning did the aluminum units show greater fouling rates than did the titanium. The titanium units showed a progressive increase in the fouling rates with each cleaning. The subsequent average fouling rates for all units after eight months were between 4 and 4.6 x 0.000010 sq m-k/W-day.

Sasscer, D.S. (Univ. of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez); Morgan, T. (Argonne National Lab., IL)

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

On the Effect of Ocean Waves on the Kinetic Energy Balance and Consequences for the Inertial Dissipation Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For large wind speed (in practice >15 m s?1) observations of the surface stress by means of the inertial dissipation technique are so close to the surface that effects of growing ocean waves on the turbulent kinetic energy budget should be taken ...

Peter A. E. M. Janssen

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Generation of Annual-Period Rossby Waves in the South Atlantic Ocean by the Wind Stress Curl  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The properties of first-mode annual-period baroclinic Rossby waves generated by the observed wind stress curl in a numerical model of the South Atlantic and Southwest Indian oceans are presented. The forcing wind field for the area 15°–51°S, 45°W–...

Christopher J. C. Reason; Lawrence A. Mysak; Patrick F. Cummins

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

GEOTEC (Geothermal-Enhanced Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) engineering concept study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project was to provide a conceptual design for a modular state-of-the-art geothermal-enhanced ocean thermal energy conversion (GEOTEC) plant for implementation at a Navy site on Adak Island, Alaska. This report includes the following appendices: (1) statement of work; (2) geothermal resource assessment; (3) assessment of environmental issues; (4) design optimization program formulations for GEOTEC; (5) calculation of geofluid temperature drop in brine collection system; (6) pressure losses and pumping requirements for seawater pipeline system; (7) geocost comparison of single and dual binary cycle systems; (8) description of seawater pipeline system; and (9) plant system installed cost estimates. (ACR)

Not Available

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Modeling and Analysis of the Wind-Waves Field Variability in the Indian Ocean During 1998-2009 Years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To calculate the wind-waves in the Indian Ocean (IO), the wind field for the period from 1998 to 2009 was used, obtained from the NCEP/NOAA archive, and numerical model WAM (Cycle-4) was applied, modified by the new source function proposed in Polnikov (2005). Based on buoy data for the Indian Ocean, the fitting of the modified model WAM was done, which provides the win in accuracy of calculations on 35%, in comparison with the original model. All the further calculations of the wave fields in IO were made for these model settings. At the first stage, the analysis of the simulation results involves a) mapping the fields of the significant wave height and the wave energy , calculated with different scales of averaging in time T and space R; b) estimating the fields of seasonal, annual and long-term variability; and c) determining the 12-year trend of the annually averaged fields. The analysis was carried out taking into account the previously introduced zoning the ocean area, provided by the spatial inhomogen...

Polnikov, V G; Sannasiraj, S A; Sundar, V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Thermally induced wave-front distortions in laser windows  

SciTech Connect

A simple analytical expression is given for wave-front distortions and birefringence due to heating in laser windows. (AIP)

Greninger, C.E.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Effects of internal waves on low frequency, long range, acoustic propagation in the deep ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers a comprehensive analysis of long-range, deep-ocean, low-frequency, sound propagation experimental results obtained from the North Pacific Ocean. The statistics of acoustic fields after propagation through ...

Xu, Jinshan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Adjustment of the Ocean under Buoyancy Forces. Part I: The Role of Kelvin Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The early stages of the adjustment of an ocean toward equilibrium is examined using an ocean general circulation model. The initial state is one with uniform meridional potential temperature gradients yielding density gradients representative of ...

Roxana C. Wajsowicz; A. E. Gill

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Adjustment of the Ocean under Buoyancy Forces. Part II: The Role of Planetary Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical ocean general circulation model is used to investigate the early stages in the adjustment to equilibrium of an ocean initially at rest with imposed uniform meridional potential temperature gradients, which yield density gradients ...

Roxana C. Wajsowicz

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Selected legal and institutional issues related to Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), an attractive alternative to traditional energy sources, is still in the early stages of development. To facilitate OTEC commercialization, it is essential that a legal and institutional framework be designed now so as to resolve uncertainties related to OTEC development, primarily involving jurisdictional, regulatory, and environmental issues. The jurisdictional issues raised by OTEC use are dependent upon the site of an OTEC facility and its configuration; i.e., whether the plant is a semipermanent fixture located offshore or a migrating plant ship that provides a source of energy for industry at sea. These issues primarily involve the division of authority between the Federal Government and the individual coastal states. The regulatory issues raised are largely speculative: they involve the adaptation of existing mechanisms to OTEC operation. Finally, the environmental issues raised center around compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) as well as international agreements. 288 references.

Nanda, V. P.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Structure and Maintenance of Stationary Waves in the Winter Northern Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies of extratropical stationary waves in the winter Northern Hemisphere (NH) often focused on effects of orography and land–ocean thermal contrast on the formation, structure, and maintenance of these waves. In contrast, research ...

Tsing-Chang Chen

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Thermal conductivity depth-profile reconstruction of multilayered cylindrical solids using the thermal-wave Green function method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a theoretical model for characterizing solid multi-layered cylindrical samples illuminated by a modulated uniform incident beam is developed by means of the Green function method. The specific Green function for the multi-layered cylindrical structure is derived and an analytical expression for the thermal-wave field in such a cylindrical sample is presented. The thermal-wave field of an inhomogeneous cylindrical sample irradiated with incident light of arbitrary angular and/or radial intensity distribution was obtained using this theoretical model. Furthermore, experimental validation is also presented in the form of experimental results with steel cylinders of various diameters.

Xie Guangxi [Key Lab of Modern Optical Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Modern Optical Technologies, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215006 (China); Department of Physics, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214122 (China); Zhang Jie; Liu Liwang; Wang Chinhua [Key Lab of Modern Optical Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Modern Optical Technologies, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215006 (China); Mandelis, Andreas [Center for Advanced Diffusion-Wave Technologies (CADIFT), Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto M5S 3G8, Ontario (Canada)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Impact of the Reduced Drag Coefficient on Ocean Wave Modeling under Hurricane Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of new drag coefficient (Cd) parameterizations on WAVEWATCH III (WW3) model surface wave simulations are investigated. The new parameterizations are based on a coupled wind–wave model (CWW) and a wave tank experiment, and yields reduced C...

Il-Ju Moon; Isaac Ginis; Tetsu Hara

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

An Operational System for Predicting Hurricane-Generated Wind Waves in the North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new wind–wave prediction model, referred to as the North Atlantic hurricane (NAH) wave model, has been developed at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) to produce forecasts of hurricane-generated waves during the Atlantic ...

Yung Y. Chao; Jose-Henrique G. M. Alves; Hendrik L. Tolman

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion power system development. Phase I: preliminary design. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Westinghouse has completed the Preliminary Design Phase for the Power System Development of the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Demonstration Plant project. This study included the development of a preliminary design for a Modular Application scaled power system (10MWe) and Heat Exchanger Test Articles, both based on the concept developed in the Conceptual Design Phase. The results of this study were used to improve the baseline design of the 50MWe module for the Commercial Size Power System, which was recommended for the demonstration plant by the conceptual design study. The 50MWe module was selected since it has the lowest cost, and since its size convincingly demonstrates that future economically viable commercial plants, having reliable operation with credible anticipated costs, are possible. Additional optimization studies on the size of the power system plus hull continue to identify 50MWe as the preferred minimum cost configuration. This study was limited to a closed cycle ammonia power system module, using a seawater temperature difference of 40/sup 0/F, and a surface platform/ship reference hull. This volume describes system operation, a complete test program to verify mechanical reliability and thermal performance, fabrication and installation operations, and a cost analysis. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Development of plastic heat exchangers for ocean thermal energy conversion. Final report, August 1976--December 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Materials and processes have been selected and design information obtained for plastic ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) heat exchangers as the result of a program comprising five types of laboratory experiments. Tests to evaluate the chemical resistance of seven commercially available thermoplastics to sea water and several possible working fluids were conducted with emphasis placed on compatibility with ammonia. Environmental rupture tests involving exposure of stressed specimens to sea water or liquid ammonia indicated that the high density polyethylene (HDPE) is the best suited candidate and produced an extrapolated 100,000 hour failure stress of 1060 psi for HDPE. Long term durability tests of extruded HDPE plate-tube panel confirmed that plastic heat transfer surface is mechanically reliable in an OTEC environment. Thermal conductivity measurements of acetylene black filled HDPE indicated that conductivity may be increased by 50% with a 35% by weight filler loading. The permeability coefficient measured for liquid ammonia through HDPE was higher than previous estimates. Test showed that the rate can be significantly reduced by sulfonation of HDPE. A review of biofouling mechanisms revealed that the permeable nature of the plastic heat exchanger surface may be used to control primary biofouling form formation by allowing incorporation of non-toxic organic repellents into the plastic. A preliminary design and fabrication development program suggests that construction of an ammonia condenser test unit is feasible using currently available materials and manufacturing techniques.

Hart, G.K.; Lee, C.O.; Latour, S.R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion power system development. Phase I. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the conceptual and preliminary design of closed-cycle, ammonia, ocean thermal energy conversion power plants by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Preliminary designs for evaporator and condenser test articles (0.13 MWe size) and a 10 MWe modular experiment power system are described. Conceptual designs for 50 MWe power systems, and 100 MWe power plants are also descirbed. Design and cost algorithms were developed, and an optimized power system design at the 50 MWe size was completed. This design was modeled very closely in the test articles and in the 10 MWe Modular Application. Major component and auxiliary system design, materials, biofouling, control response, availability, safety and cost aspects are developed with the greatest emphasis on the 10 MWe Modular Application Power System. It is concluded that all power plant subsystems are state-of-practice and require design verification only, rather than continued research. A complete test program, which verifies the mechanical reliability as well as thermal performance, is recommended and described.

Not Available

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

223

Ocean | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description Related Links List of Ocean Thermal Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOcean&oldid273467"...

224

Parametric Excitation of Internal Gravity Waves in Ocean and Atmosphere as Precursors of Strong Earthquakes and Tsunami  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The condition of internal gravity waves (IGW) parametric excitation in the rotating fluid layer heated from above, with the layer vibration along the vertical axis or with periodic modulation in time of the vertical temperature distribution, is obtained. We show the dual role of the molecular dissipative effects that may lead not only to the wave oscillations damping, but also to emergence of hydrodynamic dissipative instability (DI) in some frequency band of IGW. This DI also may take place for the localized in horizontal plane tornado-like disturbances, horizontal scale of which does not exceed the character vertical scale for the fluid layer of the finite depth. Investigated parametric resonance mechanism of IGW generation in ocean and atmosphere during and before earthquakes allows monitoring of such waves (with double period with respect to the period of vibration or temperature gradient modulation) as precursors of these devastating phenomena.

Chefranov, Sergey G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Thermally Induced Compression Waves and Gravity Waves Generated by Convective Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional, fully compressible cloud model is used to simulate a convective storm in order to investigate the properties of compression waves and gravity waves induced by latent heat release. Time series of the low-level pressure ...

Melville E. Nicholls; Roger A. Pielke Sr.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization- Final Technical Report on Award DE-EE0002664. October 28, 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization (OTEEV) project focuses on assessing the Maximum Practicably Extractable Energy (MPEE) from the world's ocean thermal resources. MPEE is defined as being sustainable and technically feasible, given today's state-of-the-art ocean energy technology. Under this project the OTEEV team developed a comprehensive Geospatial Information System (GIS) dataset and software tool, and used the tool to provide a meaningful assessment of MPEE from the global and domestic U.S. ocean thermal resources. The OTEEV project leverages existing NREL renewable energy GIS technologies and integrates extractable energy estimated from quality-controlled data and projected optimal achievable energy conversion rates. Input data are synthesized from a broad range of existing in-situ measurements and ground-truthed numerical models with temporal and spatial resolutions sufficient to reflect the local resource. Energy production rates are calculated for regions based on conversion rates estimated for current technology, local energy density of the resource, and sustainable resource extraction. Plant spacing and maximum production rates are then estimated based on a default plant size and transmission mechanisms. The resulting data are organized, displayed, and accessed using a multi-layered GIS mapping tool, http://maps.nrel.gov/mhk_atlas with a user-friendly graphical user interface.

Ascari, Matthew B.; Hanson, Howard P.; Rauchenstein, Lynn; Van Zwieten, James; Bharathan, Desikan; Heimiller, Donna; Langle, Nicholas; Scott, George N.; Potemra, James; Nagurny, N. John; Jansen, Eugene

2012-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Mirror thermal noise in laser interferometer gravitational wave detectors operating at room and cryogenic temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mirror thermal noise is and will remain one of the main limitations to the sensitivity of gravitational wave detectors based on laser interferometers. We report about projected mirror thermal noise due to losses in the mirror coatings and substrates. The evaluation includes all kind of thermal noises presently known. Several of the envisaged substrate and coating materials are considered. The results for mirrors operated at room temperature and at cryogenic temperature are reported.

Janyce Franc; Nazario Morgado; Raffaele Flaminio; Ronny Nawrodt; Iain Martin; Liam Cunningham; Alan Cumming; Sheila Rowan; James Hough

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The Transparency of Ocean Barriers to Rossby Waves: The Rossby Slit Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transmission of barotropic Rossby wave energy through a meridional barrier pierced only by narrow gaps is studied with a quasigeostrophic model. The incident Rossby wave has the form of either a plane wave or a localized beam of wave energy. ...

Joseph Pedlosky

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Seasonal Prediction of Thermal Stress Accumulation for Coral Bleaching in the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mass coral bleaching, associated with anomalously warm ocean temperatures over large regions, poses a serious threat to the future health of the world coral reef systems. Seasonal forecasts from coupled ocean–atmosphere models can be a valuable ...

C. M. Spillman; O. Alves; D. A. Hudson

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Variability in the Upper-Ocean Internal Wave Field at a Sargasso Sea Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two 3.5 month time series records of upper-ocean current and density profiles collected in opposite seasons as part of the LOTUS (Long-Term Upper-Ocean Study) project at 34°N, 70°W indicate substantial variation in the shape of horizontal current ...

Charles C. Eriksen

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Annual Cycle and Depth Penetration of Wind-Generated Near-Inertial Internal Waves at Ocean Station Papa in the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The downward propagation of near-inertial internal waves following winter storms is examined in the context of a 2-yr record of velocity in the upper 800 m at Ocean Station Papa. The long time series allow accurate estimation of wave frequency, ...

Matthew H. Alford; Meghan F. Cronin; Jody M. Klymak

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Vertical Reynolds Stress Divergence in the Upper Ocean Associated with Linear Wind-Driven, Near-Inertial Waves of Finite Wavelength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Study of a schematic linear, wind-driven, inertio–gravity wave model in the upper ocean finds resonant, near-inertial waves of finite horizontal wavelength to have both horizontal and vertical motions. The mean product of these horizontal motions ...

Warren B. White

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Interdecadal Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part I: The Role of Off-Equatorial Wind Stresses and Oceanic Rossby Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre CGCM and a linear first baroclinic-mode ocean shallow-water model (SWM) are used to investigate ocean dynamic forcing mechanisms of the equatorial Pacific Ocean interdecadal sea surface ...

Shayne McGregor; Neil J. Holbrook; Scott B. Power

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Effect of Breaking Waves on a Coupled Model of Wind and Ocean Surface Waves. Part I: Mature Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first of a two-part investigation of a coupled wind and wave model that includes the enhanced form drag of breaking waves. In Part I here the model is developed and applied to mature seas. Part II explores the solutions in a wide ...

Tobias Kukulka; Tetsu Hara

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Power system development: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC). Preliminary design report: appendices, Part 2 (Final)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is the development of a preliminary design for a full-sized, closed cycle, ammonia power system module for the 100 MWe OTEC demonstration plant. In turn, this demonstration plant is to demonstrate, by 1984, the operation and performance of an Ocean Thermal Power Plant having sufficiently advanced heat exchanger design to project economic viability for commercial utilization in the late 1980's and beyond. Included in this power system development are the preliminary designs for a proof-of-concept pilot plant and test article heat exchangers which are scaled in such a manner as to support a logically sequential, relatively low-cost development of the full-scale power system module. The conceptual designs are presented for the demonstration plant power module, the proof-of-concept pilot plant, and for a pair of test article heat exchangers. Costs associated with the design, development, fabrication, checkout, delivery, installation, and operation are included. The accompanying design and producibilty studies on the full-scale power system module project the performance/economics for the commercial plant. This section of the report contains appendices on the electrical system, instrumentation and control, ammonia pump evaluation study, ammonia and nitrogen support subsystems, piping and support design calculations, and plant availability. (WHK)

None

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

236

Concurrent studies of enhanced heat transfer and materials for ocean thermal exchangers. Progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Aluminum alloys 1100, 3003, 5052, and 6063 were examined for their compatibility with the proposed working fluids for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), anhydrous ammonia, Freon 22 and propane, and mixtures of these with sea water. Such mixtures would occur if leaks develop in evaporator or condenser heat exchangers. These aluminum alloys are compatible with the anhydrous working fluids. In ammonia-sea water solutions only limited general corrosion is found in 0 to 30 percent ammonia, no corrosion in 30 to 90 percent ammonia, and ''self limiting'' pits in 90 to 100 percent ammonia so rapid deterioration of the exchangers would not occur. No corrosion was observed in sea water saturated with Freon 22 or propane. No differences in alloy performance were evident in any of these tests so selection can be made on the basis of compatibility with sea water. A review of the available literature indicates that 5052 shows the best performance in surface sea water followed by 1100, 3003 and then 6063 alloy. In deep sea water only 5052 and 1100 alloys appear suitable although more data is required. In both surface and deep sea waters, alcladding offers the best protection against tube perforation; few instances of penetration into the core alloy have been observed for the alclad alloys examined in this study.

Bonewitz, R.A.

1976-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

237

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power system development. Preliminary design report, Appendices, Part 1 (Final)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is the development of a preliminary design for a full-sized, closed cycle, ammonia power system module for the 100 MWe OTEC demonstration plant. In turn, this demonstration plant is to demonstrate, by 1984, the operation and performance of an Ocean Thermal Power Plant having sufficiently advanced heat exchanger design to project economic viability for commercial utilization in the late 1980's and beyond. Included in this power system development are the preliminary designs for a proof-of-concept pilot plant and test article heat exchangers which are scaled in such a manner as to support a logically sequential, relatively low-cost development of the full-scale power system module. The conceptual designs are presented for the demonstration plant power module, the proof-of-concept pilot plant, and for a pair of test article heat exchangers. Costs associated with the design, development, fabrication, checkout, delivery, installation, and operation are included. The accompanying design and producibilty studies on the full-scale power system module project the performance/economics for the commercial plant. This section of the report contains appendices on the developed computer models, water system dynamic studies, miscellaneous performance analysis, materials and processes, detailed equipment lists, turbine design studies, tube cleaner design, ammonia leak detection, and heat exchanger design supporting data. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

238

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion power system development. Phase I: preliminary design. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Westinghouse has completed the Preliminary Desigh Phase for the Power System Development of the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Demonstration Plant project. This study included the development of a preliminary design for a Modular Application scaled power system (10MWe) and Heat Exchanger Test Articles, both based on the concept developed in the Conceptual Design Phase. The results of this study were used to improve the baseline design of the 50MWe module for the Commercial Size Power System, which was recommended for the demonstration plant by the conceptual design study. The 50MWe module was selected since it has the lowest cost, and since its size convincingly demonstrates that future economically viable commercial plants, having reliable operation with credible anticipated costs, are possible. Additional optimization studies on the size of the power system plus hull continue to identify 50MWe as the preferred minimum cost configuration. This study was limited to a closed cycle ammonia power system module, using a seawater temperature difference of 40/sup 0/F, and a surface platform/ship reference hull. This volume presents the preliminary design configuration and system optimization. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

239

Changes of Extreme Wave Heights in Northern Hemisphere Oceans and Related Atmospheric Circulation Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses trends in seasonal extremes (90- and 99-percentiles) of Significant Wave Height (SWH) in the North Atlantic and the North Pacific, as simulated in a 40-yr global wave hindcast using the National Centers for Environmental ...

Xiaolan L. Wang; Val R. Swail

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Observed Variability of Ocean Wave Stokes Drift, and the Eulerian Response to Passing Groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waves and currents interact via exchanges of mass and momentum. The mass and momentum fluxes associated with surface waves are closely linked to their Stokes drift. Both the variability of the Stokes drift and the corresponding response of the ...

Jerome A. Smith

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Semiempirical Dissipation Source Functions for Ocean Waves. Part I: Definition, Calibration, and Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New parameterizations for the spectral dissipation of wind-generated waves are proposed. The rates of dissipation have no predetermined spectral shapes and are functions of the wave spectrum and wind speed and direction, in a way consistent with ...

Fabrice Ardhuin; Erick Rogers; Alexander V. Babanin; Jean-François Filipot; Rudy Magne; Aaron Roland; Andre van der Westhuysen; Pierre Queffeulou; Jean-Michel Lefevre; Lotfi Aouf; Fabrice Collard

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Role of Rossby Waves in the Remote Effects of the North Indian Ocean Tropical Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote effects due to the tropical disturbances in the north Indian Ocean are investigated by analyzing long-lasting (?5 days) tropical disturbances, which reached at least the strength of tropical storms. The present analysis is carried out for ...

J. V. Ratnam; S. K. Behera; Y. Masumoto; T. Yamagata

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Tropical Ocean Decadal Variability and Resonance of Planetary Wave Basin Modes. Part II: Numerical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oceanic response to stochastic wind forcing is studied in a tropical–extratropical basin using two shallow water models: a periodically forced model and a time-forward model. Consistent with theory, extratropical stochastic wind forces a decadal ...

Haijun Yang; Zhengyu Liu; Qiong Zhang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Pressure-slope momentum transfer in ocean surface boundary layers coupled with gravity waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on the consequences of including surface and subsurface, wind forced, pressure-slope momentum transfer into the oceanic water column, a transfer process which competes with now-conventional turbulence transfer based on mixing ...

George Mellor

245

HEATING THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE BY THE SELF-ENHANCED THERMAL WAVES CAUSED BY THE DYNAMO PROCESSES  

SciTech Connect

We discuss a possible mechanism for heating the solar atmosphere by the ensemble of thermal waves, generated by the photospheric dynamo and propagating upward with increasing magnitudes. These waves are self-sustained and amplified due to the specific dependence of the efficiency of heat release by Ohmic dissipation on the ratio of the collisional to gyrofrequencies, which in its turn is determined by the temperature profile formed in the wave. In the case of sufficiently strong driving, such a mechanism can increase the plasma temperature by a few times, i.e., it may be responsible for heating the chromosphere and the base of the transition region.

Dumin, Yurii V., E-mail: dumin@yahoo.com, E-mail: dumin@izmiran.ru [Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation (IZMIRAN), Russian Academy of Sciences, Troitsk, Moscow reg., 142190 (Russian Federation)

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

How Much Predictive Skill Is Contained in the Thermal Structure of an Oceanic GCM?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time history of upper-ocean temperatures in the tropical Pacific has been used as a predictor in a statistical prediction scheme to forecast SST anomalies in this region. The temperature variations were taken from the output of an oceanic ...

Mojib Latif; Nicholas E. Graham

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Energy Flux from Traveling Hurricanes to the Oceanic Internal Wave Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generation of long interval waves by traveling hurricanes on an f plane is studied within the context of linear theory. The emphasis of the present work is on the interval wave power, that is, the fraction of the energy input from the ...

Johan Nilsson

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Observation of Long Equatorial Waves in the Pacific Ocean by Seasat Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic maps of the mesoscale dynamic topography in a band between 7.5°N and 7.5°S in the Pacific Ocean are drawn from Seasat altimeter data. They show a set of eddies 600 km in diameter and 15–20 cm in amplitude moving westward with a velocity ...

Jean-Pierre Malardé; Claire Perigaud; Pierre De Mey; Jean-Francois Minster

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Role of Ekman flow and Planetary Waves in the Oceanic Cross-Equatorial Heat Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model is used to mechanistically simulate the oceans’ seasonal cross-equatorial heat transport, and the results of Oort and Vonder Haar (1976). The basic process of Ekman pumping and drift is found to be able to account for a large ...

Paul S. Schopf

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Coupling of Biennial Oceanic Rossby Waves with the Overlying Atmosphere in the Pacific Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalies of TOPEX/Poseidon sea level height (SLH), NCEP sea surface temperature (SST), and ECMWF meridional surface wind (MSW) and derived wind stress curl (WSC) are mapped biweekly over the global ocean from 60°S to 60°N for two years from 1993 ...

Warren B. White; Yi Chao; Chang-Kou Tai

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource  

SciTech Connect

This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration�¢����s (NOAA�¢����s) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables wave diffraction to substantially reestablish wave power densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices. The total available wave energy resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge, based on accumulating unit circle wave power densities, is estimated to be 2,640 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 590 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 240 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 80 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 1570 TWh/yr for Alaska, 130 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 30 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico. The total recoverable wave energy resource, as constrained by an array capacity packing density of 15 megawatts per kilometer of coastline, with a 100-fold operating range between threshold and maximum operating conditions in terms of input wave power density available to such arrays, yields a total recoverable resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge of 1,170 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 250 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 160 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 60 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 620 TWh/yr for Alaska, 80 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 20 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico.

Paul T. Jacobson; George Hagerman; George Scott

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Basic Effects of Atmosphere–Ocean Thermal Coupling on Midlatitude Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting from the assumption that the atmosphere is the primary source of variability internal to the midlatitude atmosphere–ocean system on intraseasonal to interannual timescales, the authors construct a simple stochastically forced, one-...

Joseph J. Barsugli; David S. Battisti

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Ocean Energy Program Overview, Fiscal years 1990--1991. Programs in utility technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The oceans are the world`s largest solar energy collector and storage system. Covering 71% of the earth`s surface, the oceans collect and store this energy as waves, currents, and thermal and salinity gradients. The purpose of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Ocean Energy Program is to develop techniques that harness ocean energy cost effectively and in ways that do not harm the environment. The program seeks to develop ocean energy technology to a point at which industry can accurately assess whether the applications of the technology are viable energy conversion alternatives, or supplements to current power-generating systems. In past studies, DOE identified ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), which uses the temperature difference between warm surface water and cold deep water, as the most promising of the ocean energy technologies. As a result, the Ocean Energy Program has concentrated research that advances OTEC technology. The program also monitored developments in wave energy, ocean current, and salinity gradient concepts. It is not actively developing these technologies now. The mission of the Ocean Energy Program is to develop techniques to harness the vast solar energy stored in the oceans` waves, currents, and thermal and salinity gradients.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Antarctic Circumpolar Wave in a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phenomenon called the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave (ACW), suggested earlier from fragmentary observational evidence, has been simulated realistically in an extended integration of a Max Planck Institute coupled general circulation model. The ACW ...

M. Christoph; T. P. Barnett; E. Roeckner

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Observations of the Directional Distribution of Ocean-Wave Energy in Fetch-Limited Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Directional energy distributions of wind-generated waves were observed with a relatively high directional resolution in fairly homogeneous and stationary wind fields in fetch-limited conditions using stereophotography of the sea surface. In a ...

L. H. Holthuijsen

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and more accura...

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Response of the Kuroshio Extension to Rossby Waves Associated with the 1970s Climate Regime Shift in a High-Resolution Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) to large-scale Rossby waves remotely excited by wind stress changes associated with the 1970s climate regime shift is studied using a high-resolution regional ocean model. Two ensemble simulations are ...

Bunmei Taguchi; Shang-Ping Xie; Humio Mitsudera; Atsushi Kubokawa

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Thermal Hawking Broadening and Statistical Entropy of Black Hole Wave Packet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum mechanical structure of Schwarzschild black hole is probed, in the mini super spacetime, by means of a non-singular minimal uncertainty Hartle-Hawking wave packet. The Compton width of the microstate probability distribution is translated into a thermal Hawking broadening of the mass spectrum. The statistical entropy is analytically calculated using the Fowler prescription. While the exact Bekenstein-Hawking entropy is recovered at the semi classical limit, the accompanying logarithmic tail gives rise to a Planck size minimal entropy black wave packet.

Aharon Davidson; Ben Yellin

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

259

Extreme wave height estimation for ocean engineering applications in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico (e.g., Ivan, Dennis, Katrina, Rita and Ike) were observed to develop wave conditions that were near or exceeded the predicted 100-year conditions. As a result, many offshore facilities, as well as coastal infrastructure, which were designed to withstand the 100-year condition, were damaged. New estimates of extreme conditions, which incorporate recently observed maxima, are needed to provide better guidelines for design of coastal and offshore structures. Berek et al. (2007) have used modeled data to develop new criteria, but these estimates can be very sensitive to the data and to the statistical methods used in the development. Berek's estimates also do not cover the entire Gulf of Mexico. We have developed updated estimates of the 100-year extreme wave conditions for the entire Gulf of Mexico using a more comprehensive approach. First, the applicability of standard parametric wind models was examined and appropriate adjustments to the Rankine vortex model were developed to reduce the wind field errors during hurricane conditions. The adjusted winds reduced the error by up to 25 percent compared to the original Rankine vortex model. To obtain reliable wave data, merged wind fields were generated using the NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis 1 project modeled wind data for background wind and the parametric wind model for hurricane conditions. Next, the SWAN wave model was used for the 51-year period from 1958 to 2008 along with multiple statistical methods (Gumbel, Weibull and GEV-Generalized Extreme Value distribution). The effect of the recent hurricane season (2004-2008) shows that maximum 100-year wave height values and their distribution changes. A resampling technique (bootstrap) is used to evaluate and select the optimum statistical method to estimate more appropriate extreme wave conditions.

Jeong, Chan Kwon

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Green function for thermal waves induced by attosecond laser pulses in one and three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the solution of the hyperbolic Klein-Gordon thermal equation are obtained and discussed. The analytical form of the solution - Green functions are calculated for one and three dimensional cases. It is shown that only in three dimensional case the undisturbed, with one value of the velocity, thermal wave can be generated by attosecond laser pulses. The conductivity for the space-time inside the atom is calculated and the value sigma_0=10^6 1/(Omega m) is obtained. Key words: Attosecond laser pulses; Klein-Gordon equation; Green functions.

J. Marciak-Kozlowska; M. Kozlowski

2004-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A moving upper boundary in ocean acoustics . . . . . . 1.21.3 Foundations for studying ocean surface wave in?uence onmodels . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.2 Ocean surface wave

Lynch, Stephen Dennis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Wave-Turbulence interactions in the Upper Ocean. Part I: The Energy Balance of the Interacting Fields of Surface Wind Waves and Wind-Induced Three-Dimensional Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze in detail the budget of total and fluctuating energy in the surface layer of the ocean. We suggest a rational scheme for separating the budget of turbulence from that of random wind-generated surface waves, and suggest in particular a ...

S. A. Kitaigorodskii; J. L. Lumley

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Primer L. A. Vega, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a small plant mounted on a barge off Hawaii (Mini-OTEC). Subsequently, a 100 kW gross power, land separated by an interface. The upper layer is warmed by the sun and mixed to depths of about 100 m by wave.e., condenser). His concept is grounded in the thermodynamic Rankine cycle used to study steam (vapor) power

264

Wave dispersion in a counterstreaming, relativistic thermal, magnetized, electron-positron plasma  

SciTech Connect

The dispersion equation is analyzed for waves in a strongly magnetized, electron-positron plasma in which counterstreaming electrons and positrons have a relativistic thermal distribution in their respective rest frames, for propagation parallel to the magnetic field. We derive the response tensor for the medium, demonstrate the dispersion curves for different temperatures, and discuss the differences from the cold-plasma case. Application to the case of pulsar magnetospheres is discussed.

Verdon, M. W.; Melrose, D. B. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Upper Ocean Thermal Response to Strong Autumnal Forcing of the Northeast Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CASID free-drifting thermistor chain buoys that utilized Service ARGOS positioning and data collection were deployed in the northeast Pacific Ocean in the vicinity of OWS-P in late autumn in both 1980 and 1981 as part of the Storm Transfer and ...

W. G. Large; J. C. McWilliams; P. P. Niiler

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Heating the Solar Atmosphere by the Self-Enhanced Thermal Waves Caused by the Dynamo Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a possible mechanism for heating the solar chromosphere and lower part of the transition region by the ensemble of thermal waves, generated by the photospheric dynamo and propagating upwards with increasing magnitudes. These waves are self-sustained and amplified due to the specific dependence of the efficiency of heat release by Ohmic dissipation on the ratio of the collisional to gyro- frequencies, which in its turn is determined by the temperature profile formed in the wave. In the case of sufficiently strong driving, such a mechanism can increase the plasma temperature by an order of magnitude, i.e. it may be responsible for heating the chromosphere and the lower part of the transition region.

Dumin, Yurii V

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Uncertainty analysis routine for the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) biofouling measurement device and data reduction procedure. [HTCOEF code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biofouling and corrosion of heat exchanger surfaces in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) systems may be controlling factors in the potential success of the OTEC concept. Very little is known about the nature and behavior of marine fouling films at sites potentially suitable for OTEC power plants. To facilitate the acquisition of needed data, a biofouling measurement device developed by Professor J. G. Fetkovich and his associates at Carnegie-Mellon University (CMU) has been mass produced for use by several organizations in experiments at a variety of ocean sites. The CMU device is designed to detect small changes in thermal resistance associated with the formation of marine microfouling films. An account of the work performed at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to develop a computerized uncertainty analysis for estimating experimental uncertainties of results obtained with the CMU biofouling measurement device and data reduction scheme is presented. The analysis program was written as a subroutine to the CMU data reduction code and provides an alternative to the CMU procedure for estimating experimental errors. The PNL code was used to analyze sample data sets taken at Keahole Point, Hawaii; St. Croix, the Virgin Islands; and at a site in the Gulf of Mexico. The uncertainties of the experimental results were found to vary considerably with the conditions under which the data were taken. For example, uncertainties of fouling factors (where fouling factor is defined as the thermal resistance of the biofouling layer) estimated from data taken on a submerged buoy at Keahole Point, Hawaii were found to be consistently within 0.00006 hr-ft/sup 2/-/sup 0/F/Btu, while corresponding values for data taken on a tugboat in the Gulf of Mexico ranged up to 0.0010 hr-ft/sup 2/-/sup 0/F/Btu. Reasons for these differences are discussed.

Bird, S.P.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Wind and Wave Extremes over the World Oceans From Very Large Forecast Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global return value estimates of significant wave height and 10-m neutral wind speed are estimated from very large aggregations of archived ECMWF ensemble forecasts at +240-h lead time from the period 2003-2012. The upper percentiles are found to match ENVISAT wind speed better than ERA-Interim (ERA-I), which tends to be biased low. The return estimates are significantly higher for both wind speed and wave height in the extratropics and the subtropics than what is found from ERA-I, but lower than what is reported by Caires and Sterl (2005) and Vinoth and Young (2011). The highest discrepancies between ERA-I and ENS240 are found in the hurricane-prone areas, suggesting that the ensemble comes closer than ERA-I in capturing the intensity of tropical cyclones. The width of the confidence intervals are typically reduced by 70% due to the size of the data sets. Finally, non-parametric estimates of return values were computed from the tail of the distribution. These direct return estimates compare very well with Ge...

Breivik, Øyvind; Abdalla, Saleh; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Ocean thermal energy conversion power system development-I. Phase I. Preliminary design report. Volume 1. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of a conceptual and preliminary design study of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) closed loop ammonia power system modules performed by Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, Inc. (LMSC) are presented. This design study is the second of 3 tasks in Phase I of the Power System Development-I Project. The Task 2 objectives were to develop: 1) conceptual designs for a 40 to 50-MW(e) closed cycle ammonia commercial plant size power module whose heat exchangers are immersed in seawater and whose ancillary equipments are in a shirt sleeve environment; preliminary designs for a modular application power system sized at 10-MW(e) whose design, construction and material selection is analogous to the 50 MW(e) module, except that titanium tubes are to be used in the heat exchangers; and 3) preliminary designs for heat exchanger test articles (evaporator and condenser) representative of the 50-MW(e) heat exchangers using aluminum alloy, suitable for seawater service, for testing on OTEC-1. The reference ocean platform was specified by DOE as a surface vessel with the heat exchanger immersed in seawater to a design depth of 0 to 20 ft measured from the top of the heat exchanger. For the 50-MW(e) module, the OTEC 400-MW(e) Plant Ship, defined in the Platform Configuration and Integration study, was used as the reference platform. System design, performance, and cost are presented. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

270

The effect of biofouling in simulated Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) evaporator tubes at a potential site in Puerto Rico  

SciTech Connect

Since 29 January 1980, continuous flow of ocean surface water has been maintained through simulated Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) evaporator tubes in order to determine in situ, long-term effects of microbiofouling on heat exchanger efficiency. The experimental apparatus consists of two aluminum and two titanium modules mounted on a research platform moored at the potential OTEC site off Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico. The fouling resistance (R /SUB f/ ), a relative measure of heat transfer efficiency, is being monitored regularly, and the units have been cleaned four times. Postcleaning fouling rates (dR /SUB f/ /dt) for the aluminum units have not changed significantly but are considerably higher than the initial fouling rates. At first, post-cleaning fouling rates for the titanium units were less than for the aluminum units, but this value has been progressively increasing and now all units are fouling at approximately the same rate. Cleaning with manually operated M.A.N. brushes did not reduce R /SUB f/ to zero. On four occasions, flow velocity through the units has been increased. Results from these experiments suggest that initially the fouling layer is easily dislodged from the tube surface but that, with time, it becomes more firmly attached.

Sasscer, D.S.; Morgan, T.O.; Tosteson, T.R.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Two-Level Model of a Thermally Forced Ocean Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some simple solutions (mostly analytic) are presented for the large-scale baroclinic response to thermal forcing on a mid-latitude beta-plane. Surface heat flux is parameterized as (TA–TT)/tau;, with atmospheric temperature TA prescribed as a ...

M. K. Davey

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

On Haney-Type Surface Thermal Boundary Conditions for Ocean Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Haney-type surface thermal boundary conditions linearly connect net downward surface heat flux Q to air–sea temperature difference (gradient-type condition) ?T1 or to climate/synoptic sea temperature difference (restoring-type condition) ?T2 by a ...

Peter C. Chu; Yuchun Chen; Shihua Lu

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Model of Sea Level Rise Caused by Ocean Thermal Expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warming of the atmosphere as a result of an increased concentration of greenhouse gases is expected to lead to a significant rise is global sea level. We present estimates of the component of this sea level rise caused by thermal expansion of the ...

John A. Church; J. Stuart Godfrey; David R. Jackett; Trevor J. McDougall

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Phase 1: conceptual design. Ocean thermal energy conversion power system development. Volume 2 of 3. Technical details. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Westinghouse has completed the conceptual design of the Power System for the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Demonstration Plant project. This study included the development of a conceptual design for the following three items: first, a full-size power system module for the 100 MWe Demonstration Plant; second, a scaled proof of concept power system; and third, a heat exchanger test article. The study was limited to a closed cycle ammonia power system module, using a water temperature difference of 40/sup 0/F., and a surface platform/ship reference hull. Two power module of 50 MWe each are recommended for the demonstration plant. The 50 MWe module was selected since it has the lowest cost, and since it is of a size which convincingly demonstrates that future economically viable commercial plants, having reliable operation with credible anticipated costs, are possible. A modular, tube bundle approach to heat exchanger design makes large heat exchangers practical and economical. Other power module elements are considered to be within state-of-practice. Technological assessments of all subsystems indicate requirements for verification only, rather than continued research. A complete test program, which will verify the mechanical reliability as well as thermal performance, is recommended.

Not Available

1978-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in eastern Indian Ocean upper-ocean thermal properties are assessed for the period 1970–2004, with a particular focus on asymmetric features related to opposite phases of Indian Ocean dipole events, using high-resolution ocean model ...

Caroline C. Ummenhofer; Franziska U. Schwarzkopf; Gary Meyers; Erik Behrens; Arne Biastoch; Claus W. Böning

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Assimilation of Subsurface Thermal Data into a Simple Ocean Model for the Initialization of an Intermediate Tropical Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adjoint variational assimilation technique is used to assimilate observations of both the oceanic state and wind stress data into an intermediate coupled ENSO prediction model. This method of initialization is contrasted with the more usual ...

Richard Kleeman; Andrew M. Moore; Neville R. Smith

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Upper-Ocean Thermal Structure and the Western North Pacific Category 5 Typhoons. Part II: Dependence on Translation Speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using new in situ ocean subsurface observations from the Argo floats, best-track typhoon data from the U.S. Joint Typhoon Warning Center, an ocean mixed layer model, and other supporting datasets, this work systematically explores the ...

I-I. Lin; Iam-Fei Pun; Chun-Chieh Wu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Field Measurements of Duration-Limited Growth of Wind-Generated Ocean Surface Waves at Young Stage of Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The issue of duration-limited growth of wind-generated waves is of importance to wave studies. Most analytical solutions for wind waves are given in time rather than fetch domain. Numerical modeling of wave development is also often conducted in ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Laser induced thermal-wave fields in multi-layered spherical solids based on Green function method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we establish a Green-function based theoretical model for evaluating solid multi-layered spherical samples which are illuminated by a frequency modulated incident beam. The specific Green function for the multi-layered spherical structure is derived and an analytical expression for the thermal-wave field in such a spherical sample is presented. The characteristics of the thermal-wave field with respect to the thermophysical, geometrical, and measurement parameters are presented. Unlike the quadruple method, the Green function method is capable of evaluating thermal-wave fields at any point of multi-layered structures with arbitrary intensity distributions of incident laser beams. Furthermore, experimental validation is also presented in the form of experimental results with steel spheres of various diameters.

Zhang Jie; Wang Chinhua [Key Lab of Modern Optical Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Modern Optical Technologies, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006 (China); Xie Guangxi [Key Lab of Modern Optical Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Modern Optical Technologies, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006 (China); Department of Physics, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122 (China); Mandelis, Andreas [Center for Advanced Diffusion-Wave Technologies (CADIFT), Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, M5S 3G8 Ontario (Canada)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Conduction Effect of Thermal Radiation in a Metal Shield Pipe in a Cryostat for a Cryogenic Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large heat load caused by thermal radiation through a metal shield pipe was observed in a cooling test of a cryostat for a prototype of a cryogenic interferometric gravitational wave detector. The heat load was approximately 1000 times larger than the value calculated by the Stefan-Boltzmann law. We studied this phenomenon by simulation and experiment and found that it was caused by the conduction of thermal radiation in a metal shield pipe.

Takayuki Tomaru; Masao Tokunari; Kazuaki Kuroda; Takashi Uchiyama; Akira Okutomi; Masatake Ohashi; Hiroyuki Kirihara; Nobuhiro Kimura; Yoshio Saito; Nobuaki Sato; Takakazu Shintomi; Toshikazu Suzuki; Tomiyoshi Haruyama; Shinji Miyoki; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Akira Yamamoto

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Conceptual design of an open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion net power-producing experiment (OC-OTEC NPPE)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the conceptual design of an experiment to investigate heat and mass transfer and to assess the viability of open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC). The experiment will be developed in two stages, the Heat- and Mass-Transfer Experimental Apparatus (HMTEA) and the Net Power-Producing Experiment (NPPE). The goal for the HMTEA is to test heat exchangers. The goal for the NPPE is to experimentally verify OC-OTEC's feasibility by installing a turbine and testing the power-generating system. The design effort met the goals of both the HMTEA and the NPPE, and duplication of hardware was minimal. The choices made for the design resource water flow rates are consistent with the availability of cold and warm seawater as a result of the seawater systems upgrade carried out by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the state of Hawaii, and the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research. The choices regarding configuration of the system were made based on projected performance, degree of technical risk, schedule, and cost. The cost for the future phase of the design and the development of the HMTEA/NPPE is consistent with the projected future program funding levels. The HMTEA and NPPE were designed cooperatively by PICHTR, Argonne National Laboratory, and Solar Energy Research Institute under the guidance of DOE. The experiment will be located at the DOE's Seacoast Test Facility at the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. 71 refs., 41 figs., 34 tabs.

Bharathan, D.; Green, H.J.; Link, H.F.; Parsons, B.K.; Parsons, J.M.; Zangrando, F.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Study of domestic social and economic impacts of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) commercial development. Volume II. Industry profiles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Econoimc profiles of the industries most affected by the construction, deployment, and operation of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) powerplants are presented. Six industries which will contribute materials and/or components to the construction of OTEC plants have been identified and are profiled here. These industries are: steel industry, concrete industry, titanium metal industry, fabricated structural metals industry, fiber glass-reinforced plastics industry, and electrical transmission cable industry. The economic profiles for these industries detail the industry's history, its financial and economic characteristics, its technological and production traits, resource constraints that might impede its operation, and its relation to OTEC. Some of the historical data collected and described in the profile include output, value of shipments, number of firms, prices, employment, imports and exports, and supply-demand forecasts. For most of the profiled industries, data from 1958 through 1980 were examined. In addition, profiles are included on the sectors of the economy which will actualy construct, deploy, and supply the OTEC platforms.

None

1981-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

283

Ocean thermal energy conversion gas desorption studies. Volume 1. Design of experiments. [Open-cycle power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seawater deaeration is a process affecting almost all proposed Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) open-cycle power systems. If the noncondensable dissolved air is not removed from a power system, it will accumulate in thecondenser, reduce the effectiveness of condensation, and result in deterioration of system performance. A gas desorption study is being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with the goal of mitigating these effects; this study is designed to investigate the vacuum deaeration process for low-temperature OTEC conditions where conventional steam stripping deaeration may not be applicable. The first in a series describing the ORNL studies, this report (1) considers the design of experiments and discusses theories of gas desorption, (2) reviews previous relevant studies, (3) describes the design of a gas desorption test loop, and (4) presents the test plan for achieving program objectives. Results of the first series of verification tests and the uncertainties encountered are also discussed. A packed column was employed in these verification tests and test data generally behaved as in previous similar studies. Results expressed as the height of transfer unit (HTU) can be correlated with the liquid flow rate by HTU = 4.93L/sup 0/ /sup 25/. End effects were appreciable for the vacuum deaeration system, and a correlation of them to applied vacuum pressure was derived.

Golshani, A.; Chen, F.C.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Marine pastures: a by-product of large (100 megawatt or larger) floating ocean-thermal power plants. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The potential biological productivity of an open-sea mariculture system utilizing the deep-sea water discharged from an ocean-thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plant was investigated. In a series of land-based studies, surface water was used to inoculate deep water and the primary production of the resultant blooms was investigated. Each cubic meter of deep water can produce approximately 2.34 g of phytoplankton protein, and that an OTEC plant discharging deep water at a rate of 4.5 x 10/sup 4/ m/sup 3/ min/sup -1/ could produce 5.3 x 10/sup 7/ kg of phytoplankton protein per 350-day year. A series of land-based shellfish studies indicated that, when fed at a constant rate of 1.83 x 10/sup -3/ g of protein per second per 70-140 g of whole wet weight, the clam, Tapes japonica, could convert the phytoplankton protein-nitrogen into shellfish meat protein-nitrogen with an efficiency of about 33 per cent. Total potential wet meat weight production from an OTEC plant pumping 4.5 x 10/sup 4/ m/sup 3/ min/sup -1/ is approximately 4.14 x 10/sup 8/ kg for a 350-day year. Various factors affecting the feasibility of open-sea mariculture are discussed. It is recommended that future work concentrate on a technical and economic analysis. (WDM)

Laurence, S.; Roels, O.A.

1976-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

285

Results of scoping tests for open-cycle OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) components operating with seawater  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents comprehensive documentation of the experimental research conducted on open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC) components operating with seawater as a working fluid. The results of this research are presented in the context of previous analysis and fresh-water testing; they provide a basis for understanding and predicting with confidence the performance of all components of an OC-OTEC system except the turbine. Seawater tests have confirmed the results that were obtained in fresh-water tests and predicted by the analytical models of the components. A sound technical basis has been established for the design of larger systems in which net power will be produced for the first time from OC-OTEC technology. Design and operation of a complete OC-OTEC system that produces power will provide sufficient confidence to warrant complete transfer of OC-OTEC technology to the private sector. Each components performance is described in a separate chapter written by the principal investigator responsible for technical aspects of the specific tests. Chapters have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Zangrando, F; Bharathan, D; Green, H J; Link, H F; Parsons, B K; Parsons, J M; Pesaran, A A [Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA); Panchal, C B [Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Energy Basics: Ocean Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Technologies Photo of low waves in the ocean. A dock is visible in the background. Oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth's surface. As the world's largest solar...

287

Renormalized waves and thermalization of the Klein-Gordon equation: What sound does a nonlinear string make?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the thermalization of the classical Klein-Gordon equation under a u^4 interaction. We numerically show that even in the presence of strong nonlinearities, the local thermodynamic equilibrium state exhibits a weakly nonlinear behavior in a renormalized wave basis. The renormalized basis is defined locally in time by a linear transformation and the requirement of vanishing wave-wave correlations. We show that the renormalized waves oscillate around one frequency, and that the frequency dispersion relation undergoes a nonlinear shift proportional to the mean square field. In addition, the renormalized waves exhibit a Planck like spectrum. Namely, there is equipartition of energy in the low frequency modes described by a Boltzmann distribution, followed by a linear exponential decay in the high frequency modes.

David Shirokoff

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

288

Suppression Oceanic Rippies by Surfactant-Spectral Effects Deduced from Sun-Glitter, Wave-Staff and Microwave Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results on suppression of fine sea-surface structures by surfactant in terms of the roughness length obtained from wind profiles and of the wave-energy density from sun-glitter photographs, wave-staff measurements, and microwave ...

Jin Wu

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Ocean Warming Effect on Surface Gravity Wave Climate Change for the End of the Twenty-First Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface wind (U10) and significant wave height (Hs) response to global warming are investigated using a coupled atmosphere–wave model by perturbing the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) with anomalies generated by the Working Group on Coupled ...

Yalin Fan; Isaac M. Held; Shian-Jiann Lin; Xiaolan L. Wang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Ocean Warming effect on Surface Gravity Wave Climate Change for the end of the 21st Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface wind (U10) and significant wave height (Hs) response to global warming are investigated using a coupled atmosphere-wave model by perturbing the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) with anomalies generated by WGCM CMIP-3 coupled models that use ...

Yalin Fan; Isaac M. Held; Shian-Jiann Lin; Xiaolan L. Wang

291

Observations of the Dispersion Characteristics and Meridional Sea Level Structure of Equatorial Waves in the Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral techniques applied to altimetry data are used to examine the dispersion relation and meridional sea level structure of wavelike variability with periods of about 20 to 200 days in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Zonal wavenumber–frequency ...

J. Thomas Farrar

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Finite-Amplitude Behavior of a Single Baroclinic Wave with Multiple Vertical Modes: Effects of Thermal Damping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of thermal damping on the finite-amplitude behavior of a baroclinic wave are investigated using a quasi-geostrophic, ?-plane model The model possesses high vertical resolution so that there are many vertical eddy modes, but both the ...

Jeffrey R. Barnes

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On the breaking of a plasma wave in a thermal plasma. I. The structure of the density singularity  

SciTech Connect

The structure of the singularity that is formed in a relativistically large amplitude plasma wave close to the wave breaking limit is found by using a simple waterbag electron distribution function. The electron density distribution in the breaking wave has a typical 'peakon' form. The maximum value of the electric field in a thermal breaking plasma is obtained and compared to the cold plasma limit. The results of computer simulations for different initial electron distribution functions are in agreement with the theoretical conclusions. The after-wavebreak regime is then examined, and a semi-analytical model of the density evolution is constructed. Finally the results of two dimensional particle in cell simulations for different initial electron distribution functions are compared, and the role of thermal effects in enhancing particle injection is noted.

Bulanov, Sergei V.; Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K.; Pirozhkov, Alexander S.; Nakamura, Tatsufumi [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1-8-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Bulanov, Stepan S. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Schroeder, Carl B.; Esarey, Eric [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Califano, Francesco; Pegoraro, Francesco [Physics Department, University of Pisa, Pisa 56127 (Italy)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Wave Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wave energy technologies extract energy directly from surface waves or from pressure fluctuations below the surface. Renewable energy analysts believe there is enough energy in ocean waves to provide up to 2 terawatts of electricity. (A terawatt is equal to a trillion watts.)

295

Nonequilibrium Response of the Global Ocean to the 5-Day Rossby–Haurwitz Wave in Atmospheric Surface Pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the global ocean to the surface pressure signal associated with the well-known 5-day Rossby–Haurwitz atmospheric mode is explored using analytical and numerical tools. Solutions of the Laplace tidal equations for a flat-bottom, ...

Rui M. Ponte

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Accounting for Surface Wave Distortion of the Marine Wind Profile in Low-Level Ocean Storms Wind Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Marine wind measurements at three heights (3.0,4.5, and 5.0 m) from both moored and drifting buoys during the Ocean Storms Experiment are described. These winds are compared with each other, with winds from ships, from subsurface ambient acoustic ...

W. G. Large; J. Morzel; G. B. Crawford

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Simplified General Circulation Model for a Baroclinic Ocean with Topography. Part I: Theory, Waves, and Wind-Driven Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of ocean general circulation model with simplified physics is described and tested for various simple wind-driven circulation problems. The model consists of the vorticity balance of the depth-averaged flow and a hierarchy of equations ...

Dirk Olbers; Carsten Eden

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Concept of a Microwave Radar with an Asymmetric Knifelike Beam for the Remote Sensing of Ocean Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The features of near-nadir probing of the ocean surface from a satellite are investigated, and a new configuration of a microwave radar for the surface slopes measurement is proposed. Numerical modeling is used to examine the feasibility of a ...

V. Yu Karaev; M. B. Kanevsky; G. N. Balandina; P. Challenor; C. Gommenginger; M. Srokosz

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Ocean energy contract list, fiscal year 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the federal Ocean Energy Technology (OET) Program is to develop techniques that harness ocean energy (waves, currents, and thermal and salinity gradients) in a cost-effective and environmentally acceptable manner. The OET Program seeks to develop ocean energy technology to a point at which the commercial sector can assess whether applications of the technology are viable energy conversion alternatives or supplements to systems. The federal OET Program is conducted by DOE and is assigned to the Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy. Past studies conducted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) have identified ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) as the largest potential contributor to US energy supplies from the ocean resource. As a result, of the OET Program concentrates on research to advance OTEC technology. The FY 1990 contract overview comprises a list of all subcontracts begun, ongoing, or completed during FY 1990 (October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1990). Under each managing laboratory, projects are listed alphabetically by project area and then by subcontractor name.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Effect of Salinity on the Wind-Driven Circulation and the Thermal Structure of the Upper Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of the effect of a freshening of the surface waters in high latitudes on the oceanic circulation have thus far focused almost entirely on the deep thermohaline circulation and its poleward heat transport. Here it is demonstrated, by means ...

A. V. Fedorov; R. C. Pacanowski; S. G. Philander; G. Boccaletti

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On the Nature and Causes of Large-Scale Thermal Variability in the Central North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-range Naval aircraft using AXBT's obtained meridional temperature sections from the central Pacific Ocean along 158 and 170°W between 30 and 50°N at approximately monthly intervals between November 1974 and April 1977 (29 months). Analyses ...

T. P. Barnett

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

On the Vertical Scale of Gravity Waves Excited by Localized Thermal Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gravity waves generated by convective heating are widely believed to have vertical wavelengths approximately twice the depth of the heating. The frequency, horizontal, and vertical wavelengths of gravity waves are, however, mutually related ...

J. R. Holton; J. H. Beres; X. Zhou

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Mutual Interaction between External Rossby Waves and Thermal Forcing: The Subpolar Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors hypothesize a simple feedback mechanism between external Rossby waves and diabatic heating from convection. This mechanism could explain the large amplitude that external Rossby waves attain as they propagate to mid- and high ...

Isidoro Orlanski; Silvina Solman

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Measurements of the Directional Spectra of Shallow Water Waves Using the Maximum Entropy Principle and a Single Ocean Bottom Seismometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for measurement of the directional spectra of surface gravity (water) waves is presented here. Measurements are made at a single point by orthogonally mounted seismometers buried 0.5 meters below the seabed surface and a pressure ...

Tom Nye; Tokuo Yamamoto; Mark Trevorrow

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A sustained oscillation in a toy-model of the coupled atmosphere-ocean system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interaction between atmospheric mid-latitude flow and wind-driven ocean circulation is studied coupling two idealized low-order spectral models. The barotropic Charney-DeVore model with three components simulates a bimodal mid-latitude atmospheric circulation in a channel with two stable flow patterns induced by topography. The wind-driven ocean double gyre circulation in a square basin (of half the channel length) is modeled by an equivalent barotropic formulation of the Veronis model with 21 components, which captures Rossby-wave dynamics and nonlinear decadal variability. When coupled, the atmosphere forces the ocean by wind-stress while, simultaneously, the ocean affects the atmosphere by thermal forcing in terms of a vorticity source. Coupled atmosphere-ocean simulations show two stable flow patterns associated with the topographically induced atmospheric bimodality and a sustained oscillation due to interaction between atmospheric bimodality and oceanic Rossby dynamics. The oscillation is of inter-annua...

Bothe, Oliver

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Ocean energy conversion systems annual research report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Alternative power cycle concepts to the closed-cycle Rankine are evaluated and those that show potential for delivering power in a cost-effective and environmentally acceptable fashion are explored. Concepts are classified according to the ocean energy resource: thermal, waves, currents, and salinity gradient. Research projects have been funded and reported in each of these areas. The lift of seawater entrained in a vertical steam flow can provide potential energy for a conventional hydraulic turbine conversion system. Quantification of the process and assessment of potential costs must be completed to support concept evaluation. Exploratory development is being completed in thermoelectricity and 2-phase nozzles for other thermal concepts. Wave energy concepts are being evaluated by analysis and model testing with present emphasis on pneumatic turbines and wave focussing. Likewise, several conversion approaches to ocean current energy are being evaluated. The use of salinity resources requires further research in membranes or the development of membraneless processes. Using the thermal resource in a Claude cycle process as a power converter is promising, and a program of R and D and subsystem development has been initiated to provide confirmation of the preliminary conclusion.

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Ocean thermal energy conversion ecological data report from OSS Researcher in Gulf of Mexico, (GOTEC-01), July 12-23, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ecological measurements important for environmental assessment of the effect of an operating Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion plant were initiated in July 1977 at the proposed Gulf of Mexico site off the coasts of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. The initial cruise of the OSS Researcher, in a joint effort with the Atlantic Oceanic and Meteorological Laboratories (AOML) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) took place from 12 to 23 July 1977. The measurements were taken at 15 oceanographic stations to a maximum depth of 1000 m. Water was analyzed for trace metals, nutrients and chlorophyll a and ATP. Physical data, salinity and dissolved oxygen measurements were supplied by NOAA-AOML. Two bioassays were carried out using indigenous phytoplankton to estimate the effect of deep water on the rates of /sup 14/CO/sub 2/ uptake of photic zone algae. The Deep Scattering Layer (DSL) was monitored at the site by a continuously recording 12 kHz depth sounder at the Mobile site. This report presents data collected during the cruise.

Quinby-Hunt, M.S. (comp.)

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Short-Term Climatic Variability in the Thermal Structure of the Pacific Ocean during 1979–82  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-term climatic variability in both sea surface temperature (SST) and vertically averaged temperature over the upper 400 m of ocean (Tav) is mapped over the Pacific from 20°S to 50°N each bimonth for four years from 1979 to 1982, leading up ...

Warren B. White; Gary A. Meyers; Jean Rene Donguy; Stephen E. Pazan

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Assimilation of Altimeter Data into Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of assimilating satellite altimeter data into an ocean model is considered for the case in which the ocean currents are weak, so that they can be represented by a superposition of linear Rossby waves, and the altimeter measurements ...

D. J. Webb; A. Moore

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Nonplanar converging and diverging shock waves in the presence of thermal ions in electron-positron plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cylindrical and spherical Korteweg-de Vries-Burger equations have been derived to study the ion acoustic converging and diverging shock waves. The considered plasma is comprised of inertialess electrons, positrons, and inertial thermal ions. It is noticed that the ion temperature, positron concentration, and kinematic viscosity have significant influence on the shock structure and propagation in nonplanar geometries. The strength of shock in spherical geometry is found to dominate over shock strength in cylindrical geometry. The shock wave strength and steepness escalate with time as it moves towards the center and shock enervates as it recedes away from center. The graphical view of the numerical results is presented for illustration. The results may have relevance in the inertial confinement fusion plasmas.

Shah, Asif; Saeed, R. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Noaman-ul-Haq, Muhammad [Optics Laboratories, P.O. Box 1021, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Ocean thermal energy conversion preliminary data report for the November 1977 GOTEC-02 cruise to the Gulf of Mexico Mobile Site  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the second in a series of preliminary data reports from cruises to potential Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) sites in the Gulf of Mexico. The data are from the GOTEC-02 cruise to a site at approximately 29/sup 0/N, 88/sup 0/W, the Mobile Site. Twelve oceanographic stations were visited. Due to bad weather, the results are scanty. The reader will note that much of the data is questionable. Current meter results are presented elsewhere (Molinari, Hazelworth and Ortman, 1979). Determinations of the biomass indicators - chlorophyll a, phaeophytins and adenosine triphosphate - and zooplankton, are presented. Results were generally those that might have been predicted from previous studies in the area.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores January 22, 2013 - 1:14pm Addthis Artist rendering of Ocean Power Technologies' proposed wave park off the coast of Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Artist rendering of Ocean Power Technologies' proposed wave park off the coast of Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Verdant testing its tidal energy device in New York's East River. | Photo courtesy of Verdant Power. Verdant testing its tidal energy device in New York's East River. | Photo courtesy of Verdant Power. Ocean Power Technologies wave energy device. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Ocean Power Technologies wave energy device. | Photo courtesy of Ocean

313

Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores Ocean Energy Projects Developing On and Off America's Shores January 22, 2013 - 1:14pm Addthis Artist rendering of Ocean Power Technologies' proposed wave park off the coast of Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Artist rendering of Ocean Power Technologies' proposed wave park off the coast of Oregon. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Verdant testing its tidal energy device in New York's East River. | Photo courtesy of Verdant Power. Verdant testing its tidal energy device in New York's East River. | Photo courtesy of Verdant Power. Ocean Power Technologies wave energy device. | Photo courtesy of Ocean Power Technologies. Ocean Power Technologies wave energy device. | Photo courtesy of Ocean

314

Ocean Surface Roughness Spectrum in High Wind Condition for Microwave Backscatter and Emission Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean surface roughness plays an important role in air–sea interaction and ocean remote sensing. Its primary contribution is from surface waves much shorter than the energetic wave components near the peak of the wave energy spectrum. Field ...

Paul A. Hwang; Derek M. Burrage; David W. Wang; Joel C. Wesson

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Ocean Surface Roughness Spectrum in High Wind Condition for Microwave Backscatter and Emission Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean surface roughness plays an important role in air-sea interaction and ocean remote sensing. Its primary contribution is from surface waves much shorter than the energetic wave components near the peak of the wave energy spectrum. Field ...

Paul A. Hwang; Derek M. Burrage; David W. Wang; Joel C. Wesson

316

Kinematic Properties of Wave Amplitude Vacillation in a Thermally Driven Rotating Fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical evidence is presented to the effect that amplitude vacillation in a thermally driven rotating annulus of fluid is due primarily to the interference of two modes with the same azimuthal wavenumber and different vertical structures and ...

George Buzyna; Richard L. Pfeffer; Robin Kung

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton (< 2 um) such as prochlorococccus, nanoplankton (2-20 um), and microplankton (> 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton ( 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

319

Preliminary design for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Stationkeeping Subsystem (SKSS). Task IV. Development and testing recommendations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The preliminary designs of Stationkeeping Subsystems (SKSS) for the OTEC Modular Experiment Plant are being prepared for a barge and spar platform. The SKSS selected by NOAA for the barge is a multiple anchor leg mooring with active tensioning (MAL), while that for the spar is a tension anchor leg (TAL) moor. The development and testing program required to provide design data and to validate performance predictions is described. Basic assumptions are made with regard to site characteristics, behavior of the SKSS and platform in the sea state, and characteristics of SKSS components. The test program is intended to provide the data necessary to confirm assumptions or to support design revisions. The testing program for the multiple anchor leg system is considered first, followed by the tension anchor leg program. Development and testing are recommended in the areas of materials, components and procedures which are beyond modest extrapolation of current ocean engineering practice. (WHK)

None

1979-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

320

Factors Affecting the Accuracy of SHOWEX HF Radar Wave Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean Surface Current Radar (OSCR) HF radar measurements of ocean waves and currents were made during the Shoaling Waves Experiment (SHOWEX) in the fall of 1999. During some periods, at some locations, good quality wave measurements were ...

Lucy R. Wyatt; Guennadi Liakhovetski; Hans C. Graber; Brian K. Haus

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Ocean energy systems. Quarterly report, January-March 1983  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported on the development of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) systems that will provide synthetic fuels (e.g., methanol), energy-intensive products such as ammonia (for fertilizers and chemicals), and aluminum. The work also includes assessment and design concepts for hybrid plants, such as geothermal-OTEC (GEOTEC) plants. Another effort that began in the spring of 1982 is a technical advisory role to DOE with respect to their management of the conceptual and preliminary design activity of industry teams that are designing a shelf-mounted offshore OTEC pilot plant that could deliver power to Oahu, Hawaii. In addition, a program is underway to evaluate and test the Pneumatic Wave-Energy Conversion System (PWECS), an ocean-energy device consisting of a turbine that is air-driven as a result of wave action in a chamber. This Quarterly Report summarizes the work on the various tasks as of 31 March 1983.

Not Available

1983-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

322

Preliminary designs for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) stationkeeping subsystems (SKSS). Task II. Conceptual design. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study is presented in five sections: design loads, conceptual designs, trade studies, cost analysis and concept evaluation and ranking. Extensive appendixes provide back up calculations and data to support the results. Environmental forces and yaw moments acting on the barge and spar in the various design sea states are presented including wave, wind and current effects. A parametric analysis illustrates the impact on holding power requirement of varying the return periods for operational and extreme sea state. The conceptual designs are presented for the barge followed by those for the spar, including configuration definition, performance characteristics, interfaces, areas for development, and deployment scenarios for selected concepts. The concept definition is followed by a set of trade studies that were performed to evaluate candidate anchor types and anchor leg materials. Parametric variations in anchor leg characteristics, wire-rope-to-chain length ratio for example, illustrate the influence of the significant design parameters on performance. An extensive cost analysis of the candidate SKSS concepts is presented, including cost estimates, life cycle cost scenarios leading to expected value of life cycle cost, and cost equivalence of operational failures. An evaluation of the eight SKSS concepts is presented, including assessment of performance and rankings based on risk versus cost and technology development. The appendixes include a report on the Electrical Transmission System interface, wave drift force, typical cost disbursement schedule and computer program listing, the IMODCO conceptual design report, and static configuration results.

Not Available

1979-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

323

Generation of ELF and VLF waves by HF-modulated polar electrojet via a thermal instability process  

SciTech Connect

Generation of ELF and VLF waves via a thermal instability process in a HF-modulated polar electrojet has been investigated. It is shown that a positive feedback through the electron-neutral collisional heating process can cause the transient response of the plasma to the modulated HF heater to grow exponentially. The threshold fields of the instability under normal electrojet conditions are found to be about 2.25 V/m and 1.13 V/m for the operation of the o-mode and x-mode heaters with a 50% duty cycle, respectively. For a heater wave field of, e.g., 1.5 V/m, the instability can be excited by the x-mode heater within a few tens of millisecond. The predicted dependence of the ELF/VLF radiation amplitude on the percentage of the duty cycle of the HF modulation is identical to that of the recent observational results of Barr and Stubbe. 28 refs., 2 figs.

Kuo, S.P. (Polytechnic Univ., Farmingdale, NY (United States)); Lee, M.C. (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge (United States))

1993-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

324

Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy: Reservoirs, Sources,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The coupling of the generation of different energy forms in the dynamics (in either balanced or wave motions are almost nonexistent in the ocean. www.annualreviews.org · Ocean Circulation Kinetic Energy 255 Annu.Rev.Fluid processes? Are the seemingly different dynamical ranges coupled? 2. THE OCEANIC ENERGY BUDGET We begin

Ferrari, Raffaele

325

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power system development (PSD) II. Preliminary design report. Appendix II: supporting data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The trade studies, calculations, and reports which provide the rationale for design conclusions for the 10 MWe OTEC power system are presented in this volume. These appendices include: (1) system design and optimization model; (2) system off-design performance computer model; (3) seawater system dynamics; (4) system mechanical design studies; (5) electrical design studies; (6) structural design studies; (7) tube cleaner design report and proposed brush test program; (8) heat exchangers: mechanical design; (9) heat exchangers: thermal hydraulic computer model; (10) heat exchangers: manufacturing flow plan; (11) heat exchangers: installation and removal procedures; (12) heat exchangers: stainless steel conceptual design; (13) heat exchangers: cost studies; (14)heat exchangers: materials selection and corrosion; and (15) heat exchangers: quality assurance. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Preliminary designs for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) stationkeeping subsystems (SKSS). Task I. Design requirements. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of Task I, Design Requirements, are presented. Environmental conditions for the Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico site are reviewed and synthesized to provide definition of current, wind and wave severity, direction, and occurrence for service, operational, and extreme sea states. SKSS performance requirements, including design life and watch circle, are followed by interface considerations particularly for the electrical transmission riser cable, and design criteria including safety and load factors. The SKSS concepts will be analyzed to evaluate performance, reliability, and cost. Performance analysis conducted included catenary anchor leg static calculations to size components, as well as drag due to environmental loads in the operational and extreme sea states for both ship and spar platforms. Dynamic analyses and trade studies to be conducted in Task II are presented. A reliability and risk assessment analysis of the three basic SKSS types - single-, multiple-, and tension-anchor-leg moors - was completed, indicating that the multiple-anchor-leg/multiple-point rotary or turret moor has the lowest risk-criticality for the ship, while that for the spar is the multiple-anchor-leg/multiple-point moor. The catenary single-anchor-leg/single-point moor has insufficient reliability for both platforms. The life cycle cost analysis methodology, including work breakdown structure, cost estimating, and cost minimization define the approach to costing to be followed throughout the study. The results of these design trades and analyses will first be applied to concept ranking required for recommendation of a SKSS concept for each platform.

Not Available

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Matter Wave Interferometry of a Levitated Thermal Nano-Oscillator Induced and Probed by a Spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how the interference between spatially separated states of the center of mass (COM) of a mesoscopic harmonic oscillator can be evidenced by coupling it to a spin and performing solely spin manipulations and measurements (Ramsey Interferometry). We propose to use an optically levitated diamond bead containing an NV center spin. The nano-scale size of the bead makes the motional decoherence due to levitation negligible. The form of the spin-motion coupling ensures that the scheme works for thermal states so that moderate feedback cooling suffices. No separate control or observation of the COM state is required and thereby one dispenses with cavities, spatially resolved detection and low mass-dispersion ensembles. The controllable relative phase in the Ramsey interferometry stems from a gravitational potential difference so that it uniquely evidences coherence between states which involve the whole nano-crystal being in spatially distinct locations.

M. Scala; M. S. Kim; G. W. Morley; P. F. Barker; S. Bose

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

328

Matter Wave Interferometry of a Levitated Thermal Nano-Oscillator Induced and Probed by a Spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how the interference between spatially separated states of the center of mass of a mesoscopic harmonic oscillator can be evidenced by coupling it to a spin and performing solely spin manipulations and measurements (Ramsey Interferometry). We propose to use an optically levitated diamond bead containing an NV center spin. The nano-scale size of the bead makes the motional decoherence due to levitation negligible. The form of the spin-motion coupling ensures that the scheme works for thermal states so that moderate feedback cooling suffices. No separate control or observation of the center of mass state is required and thereby one also dispenses with cavities, spatially resolved detection and low mass-dispersion ensembles. The controllable relative phase in the Ramsey interferometry stems from a gravitational potential difference so that it uniquely evidences coherence between spatially separated states of the center of mass of a massive object.

M. Scala; M. S. Kim; G. W. Morley; P. F. Barker; S. Bose

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

329

Thermal springs list for the United States; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Key to Geophysical Records Documentation No. 12  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The compilation has 1702 thermal spring locations in 23 of the 50 States, arranged alphabetically by State (Postal Service abbreviation) and degrees of latitude and longitude within the State. It shows spring name, surface temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and degrees Celsius; USGS Professional Paper 492 number, USGS Circular 790 number, NOAA number, north to south on each degree of latitude and longitude of the listed. USGS 1:250,000-scale (AMS) map; and the USGS topographic map coverage, 1:63360- or 1:62500-scale (15-minute) or 1:24000-scale (7.5-minute) quadrangle also included is an alphabetized list showing only the spring name and the State in which it is located. Unnamed springs are omitted. The list includes natural surface hydrothermal features: springs, pools, mud pots, mud volcanoes, geysers, fumaroles, and steam vents at temperature of 20{sup 0}C (68[sup 0}F) or greater. It does not include wells or mines, except at sites where they supplement or replace natural vents presently or recently active, or, in some places, where orifices are not distinguishable as natural or artificial. The listed springs are located on the USGS 1:250,000 (AMS) topographic maps. (MHR)

Berry, G.W.; Grim, P.J.; Ikelman, J.A. (comps.)

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

How Long is the Memory of Tropical Ocean Dynamics?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combining classic equatorial wave dynamics and midlatitude wave dynamics, a unified view is proposed to account for the memory of tropical ocean dynamics in terms of oceanic basin modes. It is shown that the dynamic memory of the ocean is bounded ...

Z. Liu

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Arnold Schwarzenegger CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intermountain HVDC (Path 27 from Delta, Utah, 2,400 MW) CAWE LO C WINTE RHAV EN MEAD HOOVER MARKETPLACE ELDORADO

332

Thermalized polarization dynamics of a discrete optical waveguide system with four-wave mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical mechanics of two coupled vector fields is studied in the tight-binding model that describes propagation of polarized light in discrete waveguides in the presence of the four-wave mixing. The energy and power conservation laws enable the formulation of the equilibrium properties of the polarization state in terms of the Gibbs measure with positive temperature. The transition line $T=\\infty$ is established beyond which the discrete vector solitons are created. Also in the limit of the large nonlinearity an analytical expression for the distribution of Stokes parameters is obtained which is found to be dependent only on the statistical properties of the initial polarization state and not on the strength of nonlinearity. The evolution of the system to the final equilibrium state is shown to pass through the intermediate stage when the energy exchange between the waveveguides is still negligible. The distribution of the Stokes parameters in this regime has a complex multimodal structure strongly dependent on the nonlinear coupling coefficients and the initial conditions.

S. A. Derevyanko

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

Wave Power: Destroyer of Rocks; Creator of Clean Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E E PG&E Wave Energy Wave Energy Federal Utility Partnership Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting Wave Energy Wave Energy Development Development Ontario, CA Ontario, CA November 18 November 18- -19, 200 19, 2009 9 Donald G. Price Donald G. Price Senior Consulting Scientist, PG&E Senior Consulting Scientist, PG&E Wave Power Overview Wave Power Overview * * What is Wave Power? What is Wave Power? o o Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean o o Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean Wave power or wave energy is the energy contained in ocean waves that is converted into electricity by various means. waves that is converted into electricity by various means. o o It is a clean, renewable energy resource capable of being utilized

334

Estimates of Cabbeling in the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Owing to the larger thermal expansion coefficient at higher temperatures, more buoyancy is put into the ocean by heating than is removed by cooling at low temperatures. The authors show that, even with globally balanced thermal and haline surface ...

Julian J. Schanze; Raymond W. Schmitt

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A Cross-calibrated, Multiplatform Ocean Surface Wind Velocity Product for Meteorological and Oceanographic Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ocean surface wind mediates exchanges between the ocean and the atmosphere. These air–sea exchange processes are critical for understanding and predicting atmosphere, ocean, and wave phenomena on many time and space scales. A cross-calibrated ...

Robert Atlas; Ross N. Hoffman; Joseph Ardizzone; S. Mark Leidner; Juan Carlos Jusem; Deborah K. Smith; Daniel Gombos

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Ocean Terracing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Artworks can improve humanity ability to apply macro-engineering principles which skirt or correct oceanographic problems impairing the economic usefulness of coastal land, the overhead airshed, and seawater temperature and salinity stability. A new form of Art, Ocean Art, is here proposed which centers on deliberate terracing of appropriate regions of our world ocean; a proposed example of macro-engineered useful Ocean Art is the technically possible 21-st Century terracing of the Mediterranean Sea. Ocean Art is applicable worldwide to places that might be practically improved by its judicious employment. Such Ocean Art may constitute an entirely unique category of solutions to coastal disaster prevention planning.

Richard Cathcart; Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

337

On the Diurnal Variation of Mountain Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal variation of mountain waves and wave drag associated with flow past mesoscale ridges has been examined using the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) and an analytical boundary layer (BL) model. The wave drag ...

Qingfang Jiang; James D. Doyle

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Wind Wave Growth at Short Fetch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave wire data from the large wind wave tank of the Ocean Engineering Laboratory at the University of California, Santa Barbara, are analyzed, and comparisons are made with published data collected in four other wave tanks. The behavior of wind ...

T. Lamont-Smith; T. Waseda

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Nonlinear Wave Statistics in a Focal Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the combined effects of refraction and nonlinearity on the evolution of ocean surface wave statistics are considered and possible implications for the likelihood of extreme waves, also known as freak or rogue waves, are examined. A ...

T. T. Janssen; T. H. C. Herbers

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power system development utilizing advanced, high-performance heat transfer techniques. Volume 1. Conceptual design report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is the development of a preliminary design for a full-sized, closed cycle, ammonia power system module for the 100 MWe OTEC Demonstration Plant. In turn, this Demonstration Plant is to demonstrate, by 1984, the operation and performance of an ocean thermal power plant having sufficiently advanced heat exchanger design to project economic viability for commercial utilization in the late 1980's and beyond. Included in this power system development are the preliminary designs for a proof-of-concept pilot plant and test article heat exchangers which are scaled in such a manner as to support a logically sequential, relatively low-cost development of the full-scale power system module. The conceptual designs are presented for the Demonstration Plant power module, the proof-of-concept pilot plant, and for a pair of test article heat exchangers. Costs associated with the design, development, fabrication, checkout, delivery, installation, and operation are included. The accompanying design and producibility studies on the full-scale power system module project the performance/economics for the commercial plant. This section of the report describes the full-size power system module, and summarizes the design parameters and associated costs for the Demonstration Plant module (prototype) and projects costs for commercial plants in production. The material presented is directed primarily toward the surface platform/ship basic reference hull designated for use during conceptual design; however, other containment vessels were considered during the design effort so that the optimum power system would not be unduly influenced or restricted. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Instrumentation for the Measurement of Sound Speed near the Ocean Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air bubbles entrained by breaking waves in the ocean surface layer can dramatically alter the velocity and attenuation of acoustic waves. The development of an effective technique for directly measuring the sound speed near the ocean surface is ...

Eric Lamarre; W. K. Melville

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Turbulent Vertical Kinetic Energy in the Ocean Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical velocities in the ocean boundary layer were measured for two weeks at an open ocean, wintertime site using neutrally buoyant floats. Simultaneous measurements of the surface meteorology and surface waves showed a large variability in ...

Eric A. D'Asaro

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The decay rate of ocean swell observed by altimeter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Altimeter data from transects across the Southern Ocean is analysed to determine the decay of oceanic swell. The resulting decay rate is shown to be proportional to wave number squared and swell amplitude cubed. Such a decay relationship is ...

I. R. Young; A. V. Babanin; S. Zieger

344

Interannual Variability in the Eastern Subtropical North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual variability in the eastern subtropical North Pacific Ocean is investigated using the Naval Research Laboratory Layered Ocean Model (NLOM). Emphasis is placed on examining the nature of westward propagating Rossby waves and their ...

Alan P. Leonardi; Steven L. Morey; James J. O'Brien

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Flexible ocean upwelling pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an ocean thermal energy conversion facility, a cold water riser pipe is releasably supported at its upper end by the hull of the floating facility. The pipe is substantially vertical and has its lower end far below the hull above the ocean floor. The pipe is defined essentially entirely of a material which has a modulus of elasticity substantially less than that of steel, e.g., high density polyethylene, so that the pipe is flexible and compliant to rather than resistant to applied bending moments. The position of the lower end of the pipe relative to the hull is stabilized by a weight suspended below the lower end of the pipe on a flexible line. The pipe, apart from the weight, is positively buoyant. If support of the upper end of the pipe is released, the pipe sinks to the ocean floor, but is not damaged as the length of the line between the pipe and the weight is sufficient to allow the buoyant pipe to come to a stop within the line length after the weight contacts the ocean floor, and thereafter to float submerged above the ocean floor while moored to the ocean floor by the weight. The upper end of the pipe, while supported by the hull, communicates to a sump in the hull in which the water level is maintained below the ambient water level. The sump volume is sufficient to keep the pipe full during heaving of the hull, thereby preventing collapse of the pipe.

Person, Abraham (Los Alamitos, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Hindcast of Waves and Currents in Hurricane Katrina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Katrina caused extensive damage to offshore oil and gas production facilities. In this study, the state-of-the-art ocean circulation (the Princeton Ocean Model) and surface wave (Wave Watch III) models, together with high-resolution ...

Dong-Ping Wang; Lie-Yauw Oey

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Thermoelectric Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel thermoelectric OTEC concept is proposed and compared with the ammonia closed-cycle designs. The thermoelectric OTEC is a much simpler system which uses no working fluid and therefore requires no pressure vessel, working fluid pumps, or turbogenerator. These components are replaced by power modules which are heat exchangers integrated with thermoelectric generators. The thermoelectric OTEC offers several potential advantages including: simpler and more easily mass-produced components; higher reliability system performance through the use of a high level of redundancy and long-lived, solid-state thermoelectric generators; greater safety for crew and environment by elimination of the pressurized working fluid; and the possibility of lower system costs. These comparisons are discussed and plans for future work are presented.

Jayadev, T.S.; Benson, D.K.; Bohn, M.S.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Ocean energy systems. Quarterly report, October-December 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research progress is reported on developing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) systems that will provide synthetic fuels (e.g., methanol), energy-intensive products such as ammonia (for fertilizers and chemicals), and aluminum. The work also includes assessment and design concepts for hybrid plants, such as geothermal-OTEC (GEOTEC) plants. Another effort that began in the spring of 1982 is a technical advisory role to DOE with respect to their management of the conceptual design activity of the two industry teams that are designing offshore OTEC pilot plants that could deliver power to Oahu, Hawaii. In addition, a program is underway in which tests of a different kind of ocean-energy device, a turbine that is air-driven as a result of wave action in a chamber, are being planned. This Quarterly Report summarizes the work on the various tasks as of 31 December 1982.

Not Available

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

An Improved System for Tropical Ocean Subsurface Temperature Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study demonstrates techniques that lead to improved use of ocean thermal information and more useful and informative products for monitoring variability in the tropical oceans. The method is based on statistical interpolation and is ...

Neville R. Smith

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A new expression for the form stress term in the vertically Lagrangian mean framework for the effect of surface waves on the upper ocean circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an ongoing discussion in the community concerning the wave-averaged momentum equations in the hybrid vertically Lagrangian and horizontally Eulerian (VL) framework and, in particular, the form stress term (representing the residual effect ...

Hidenori Aiki; Richard J. Greatbatch

351

Wind Waves in the Coupled Climate System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role waves play in modulating interactions between oceans and atmosphere is emphasized. All exchanges (e.g., momentum, energy, heat, mass, radiation fluxes) are influenced by the geometrical and physical characteristics of the ocean surface, which ...

L. Cavaleri; B. Fox-Kemper; M. Hemer

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media. Wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides. Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for ...

Schmidt, Henrik

353

On Frontal Dynamics in Two Model Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically homogeneous variable-temperature layer models are often used to describe upper-ocean variability, the dynamics of jets and fronts included. Frontogenesis is known to have a preference for strong cyclonic shears. When a frontal wave ...

Tor Eldevik

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Estimating Oceanic Turbulence Dissipation from Seismic Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seismic images of oceanic thermohaline finestructure record vertical displacements from internal waves and turbulence over large sections at unprecedented horizontal resolution. Where reflections follow isopycnals, their displacements can be used ...

W. Steven Holbrook; Ilker Fer; Raymond W. Schmitt; Daniel Lizarralde; Jody M. Klymak; L. Cody Helfrich; Robert Kubichek

355

Ecological analysis of spatial and temporal patterns of pelagic ecosystem components potentially interacting with an OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) plant near Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico: physical characteristics. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This hydrographic study characterizes the Punta Tuna area as a potential site for an OTEC power plant. Seven cruises were conducted at approximately two month intervals. Each cruise included at least 22 hydrocast stations, six done as serial stations in a small area to reveal temporal and small scale variability. The results of the analysis of these data so far indicate a bi-seasonality in the dynamics. Mesoscale eddies and meanders are a common feature of the circulation pattern on Puerto Rico's southern coast. The time series studies have shown their existence of a very energetic internal wave field with relatively large amplitude waves at the diurnal and semi-diurnal tidal frequencies. The results in terms of an OTEC power plant indicate the thermal resource to be at least a 20C thermal gradient in the upper 100 m year round.

Lopez, J.M.; Tilly, L.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

SWIMSAT: A Real-Aperture Radar to Measure Directional Spectra of Ocean Waves from Space—Main Characteristics and Performance Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project SWIMSAT aims to measure the directional spectra of waves from space using a real-aperture radar with a low-incidence, conical-scanning beam. This system’s design is based on airborne versions developed in France and the United States. ...

Danièle Hauser; Elbatoul Soussi; Eric Thouvenot; Laurent Rey

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Impact of Typhoons on the Ocean in the Pacific: ITOP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones (TCs) change the ocean by mixing deeper water into the surface layers, by the direct air–sea exchange of moisture and heat from the sea surface, and by inducing currents, surface waves, and waves internal to the ocean. In turn, the ...

E.A. D'Asaro; P.G. Black; L.R. Centurioni; Y.-T. Chang; S.S. Chen; R. C. Foster; H.C. Graber; P. Harr; V. Hormann; R.-C. Lien; I.-I. Lin; T.B. Sanford; T.-Y. Tang; C.-C. Wu

358

MHK Technologies/OceanStar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OceanStar OceanStar < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage OceanStar.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Bourne Energy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Overtopping Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description The OceanStar device captures the underlying pressure wave through a series of small turbine generators The OceanStar relies upon a proprietary energy efficient process to smooth out the pulse characteristics common to wave energy in order to be electrical grid friendly The OceanStars high level of scalability is essential to reach the large surface areas required to reach utility scale ocean power generation Technology Dimensions

359

Ocean Datasets | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Datasets Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean Ocean, Coast, and Great Lakes Planning...

360

On Thermal Expansion over the Last Hundred Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimates of sea level rise during the period 1856–1991 due to thermal expansion are presented. The estimates are based on an ocean model that consists of three zonally averaged ocean basins representing the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. ...

J. R. de Wolde; R. Bintanja; J. Oerlemans

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Marine pastures: a by-product of large (100 megawatt or larger) floating ocean thermal power plants. Progress report, February 1, 1976--April 30, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Computer programs have been developed to define the temperature increase which would be needed to bring deep-ocean water into density equilibrium with surface water for locations where data are available. A series of continuous-flow studies on phytoplankton blooms resulting from mixtures of 80 percent deep and 20 percent surface water in 2000-liter concrete culturing vessels (''reactors'') has been completed. A quantitative determination of nutrient utilization and flow through a combined primary and secondary trophic level system has been completed. This study utilized the clam Tapes semidecussata, fed from phytoplankton grown in 80 percent deep and 20 percent surface water. An analysis of the fate of the deep water discharged from a floating OTEC plant indicates that horizontal containment of the resulting deep water: surface water mixture is necessary if conditions optimal for open-sea mariculture are to obtain. The design of a small open-ocean ''pool'' is in the final stages of completion. A combined mussel/oyster/clam system is in the final stages of design and will be placed in the ocean during April 1976. (WDM)

Roels, O.A.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Marine pastures: a by-product of large (100 megawatt or larger) floating ocean thermal power plants. Progress report, February 1, 1976--April 30, 1976  

SciTech Connect

Computer programs have been developed to define the temperature increase which would be needed to bring deep-ocean water into density equilibrium with surface water for locations where data are available. A series of continuous-flow studies on phytoplankton blooms resulting from mixtures of 80 percent deep and 20 percent surface water in 2000-liter concrete culturing vessels (''reactors'') has been completed. A quantitative determination of nutrient utilization and flow through a combined primary and secondary trophic level system has been completed. This study utilized the clam Tapes semidecussata, fed from phytoplankton grown in 80 percent deep and 20 percent surface water. An analysis of the fate of the deep water discharged from a floating OTEC plant indicates that horizontal containment of the resulting deep water: surface water mixture is necessary if conditions optimal for open-sea mariculture are to obtain. The design of a small open-ocean ''pool'' is in the final stages of completion. A combined mussel/oyster/clam system is in the final stages of design and will be placed in the ocean during April 1976. (WDM)

Roels, O.A.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The Evolution of Inhomogeneous Wave Statistics through a Variable Medium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of ocean waves with variable currents and topography in coastal areas can result in inhomogeneous statistics because of coherent interferences, which affect wave-driven circulation and transport processes. Stochastic wave models, ...

P. B. Smit; T. T. Janssen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Riding the Crest: A Tale of Two Wave Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives a general overview of two ocean wave experiments. The experimental goals of the Surface Wave Processes Program (SWAPP) and of the Surface Wave Dynamics Experiment (SWADE) are quite different but complementary. In general terms, ...

R. A. Weller; M. A. Donelan; M. G. Briscoe; N. E. Huang

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Global Climatology of Wind–Wave Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generally, ocean waves are thought to act as a drag on the surface wind so that momentum is transferred downward, from the atmosphere into the waves. Recent observations have suggested that when long wavelength waves—which are characteristic of ...

Kirsty E. Hanley; Stephen E. Belcher; Peter P. Sullivan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Shock Waves in Currents and Outflows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shock waves are discontinuities (in the physical properties of a fluid) which behave in an organized manner. The possibility that such waves may occur in oceanic boundary currents is examined with a nonlinear two-layer analytical model. Attention ...

Doron Nof

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Dynamic Balance of Internal Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For oceanic internal waves with vertical scales larger than 1 m the evolution of the spectrum is adequately described by weak-interaction theory. Based on simple physical arguments, a model for internal-wave energy dissipation predicts ...

C. Henry McComas; Peter Müller

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Wave Breaking Dissipation Observed with “SWIFT” Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy dissipation rates during ocean wave breaking are estimated from high-resolution profiles of turbulent velocities collected within 1 m of the surface. The velocity profiles are obtained from a pulse-coherent acoustic Doppler sonar on a wave-...

Jim Thomson

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Development and Analysis of the Systematically Merged Atlantic Regional Temperature and Salinity Climatology For Oceanic Heat Content Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An oceanic climatology to calculate upper ocean thermal structure was developed for application year-round in the North Atlantic Ocean basin. The Systematically Merged Atlantic Regional Temperature and Salinity (SMARTS) Climatology is used in a ...

P. C. Meyers; L. K. Shay; J. K. Brewster

370

Atmospheric and Oceanic Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction It is widely recognized that internal tides have strong influence on the global thermohaline circulation, because it contribute significantly to deep ocean mixing, the essential process for the maintenance of the thermohaline circulation [Munk and Wunsch, 1998]. Internal tides generated by strong tide-topography interactions occasionally break causing intense turbulent mixing [Lien and Gregg, 2001]. Turbulent mixing may also be induced far from wave generation sites, because propagating internal tides can nonlinearly interact with the background internal waves and cascade part of their energy down to small scales where breaking can occur. The East China Sea and adjacent seas are one of the most important generation regions of internal tides, and hence the associated turbulent mixing. Indeed, using a two-dimensional analytical model, Baines [1982] predicted that the continental shelf slope in the East China Sea is the second largest generator of the M 2 internal tide amon

Niwa; Group Representative

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Role of Gravity Waves in Triggering Deep Convection during TOGA COARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of gravity waves in the initiation of convection over oceanic regions during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) experiment is investigated. First, an autocorrelation method is ...

C. Lac; J-P. Lafore; J-L. Redelsperger

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Wave Energy Conversion Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wave Energy Conversion Technology Wave Energy Conversion Technology Speaker(s): Mirko Previsic Date: August 2, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Julie Osborn Scientists have been working on wave power conversion for the past twenty years, but recent advances in offshore and IT technologies have made it economically competitive. Sea Power & Associates is a Berkeley-based renewable energy technology company. We have developed patented technology to generate electricity from ocean wave energy using a system of concrete buoys and highly efficient hydraulic pumps. Our mission is to provide competitively priced, non-polluting, renewable energy for coastal regions worldwide. Mirko Previsic, founder and CEO, of Sea Power & Associates will discuss ocean wave power, existing technologies for its conversion into

373

Equatorial Wave-Mean Flow Interaction: The Long Rossby Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of long equatorial Rossby waves with mean zonal currents in the ocean is investigated in a continuously stratified finite difference numerical model. The model allows for realistic specification of the mean state including both ...

Jeffrey A. Proehl

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Wave Attenuation and Wave Drift in the Marginal Ice Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface gravity waves in a viscous rotating ocean are studied theoretically when they penetrate an area covered by highly concentrated brashlike ice. The motion is described by a Lagrangian formulation, and the brash is modeled by a viscous ...

Jan Erik Weber

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Interdecadal Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part II: The Role of Equatorial/Off-Equatorial Wind Stresses in a Hybrid Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many modeling studies have been carried out to investigate the role of oceanic Rossby waves linking the off-equatorial and equatorial Pacific Ocean. Although the equatorial ocean response to off-equatorial wind stress forcing alone tends to be ...

Shayne McGregor; Neil J. Holbrook; Scott B. Power

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Comparison of two and three spatial dimensional solutions of a parabolic approximation of the wave equation at ocean?basin scales in the presence of internal waves: 200–250 Hz.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical solutions are given for a parabolic approximation to the acoustic waveequation at 200 and 250 Hz in two and three spatial dimensions to determine if azimuthal coupling in the horizontal coordinate significantly affects horizontal correlation in the presence of internal gravity waves in the sea. Coupling is a small effect at distances of 4000 km or less. This implies that accurate solutions are possible using computations from uncoupled vertical slices. Shapes of horizontal correlation are not far from shapes given by several theories. Estimates of horizontal correlation at 4000 km and 200 and 250 Hz are about 0.4 and 0.3 km

John Spiesberger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Correction of Amplitudes of Bragg Lines in the Sea Echo Doppler Spectrum of an Ocean Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amplitudes of Bragg lines in the Doppler spectrum of high frequency or very high frequency (VHF) ocean radar sea echoes are important because they are used in normalizing the second-order scattering when calculating ocean wave spectra. These ...

Yukiharu Hisaki

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Dimensionally Consistent Similarity Relation of Ocean Surface Friction Coefficient in Mixed Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applying wavelength scaling, dimensionally consistent expressions of the ocean surface friction coefficient can be developed for both wind sea and mixed sea in the ocean. For a wind sea with a monopeak wave spectrum, the natural choice of the ...

Paul A. Hwang; Héctor García-Nava; Francisco J. Ocampo-Torres

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The 1998 November 14 Occultation of GSC 0622-00345 by Saturn. II. Stratospheric Thermal Profile, Power Spectrum, and Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 1998 November 14, Saturn and its rings occulted the star GSC 0622-00345. The occultation latitude was 55.5 degrees S. This paper analyzes the 2.3 {\\mu}m light curve derived by Harrington & French. A fixed-baseline isothermal fit to the light curve has a temperature of 140 +/- 3 K, assuming a mean molecular mass of 2.35 AMU. The thermal profile obtained by numerical inversion is valid between 1 and 60 {\\mu}bar. The vertical temperature gradient is >0.2 K/km more stable than the adiabatic lapse rate, but it still shows the alternating-rounded-spiked features seen in many temperature gradient profiles from other atmospheric occultations and usually attributed to breaking gravity (buoyancy) waves. We conduct a wavelet analysis of the thermal profile, and show that, even with our low level of noise, scintillation due to turbulence in Earth's atmosphere can produce large temperature swings in light-curve inversions. Spurious periodic features in the "reliable" region of a wavelet amplitude spectrum can excee...

Harrington, Joseph; Matcheva, Katia; 10.1088/0004-637X/716/1/404

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Hamilton-Jacobi and quantum theory formulations of thermal-wave propagation under the dual-phase lagging model of heat conduction  

SciTech Connect

Dual-phase lagging model is one of the most promising approaches to generalize the Fourier heat conduction equation, and it can be reduced in the appropriate limits to the hyperbolic Cattaneo-Vernotte and to the parabolic equations. In this paper it is shown that the Hamilton-Jacobi and quantum theory formulations that have been developed to study the thermal-wave propagation in the Fourier framework can be extended to include the more general approach based on dual-phase lagging. It is shown that the problem of solving the heat conduction equation can be treated as a thermal harmonic oscillator. In the classical approach a formulation in canonical variables is presented. This formalism is used to introduce a quantum mechanical approach from which the expectation values of observables such as the temperature and heat flux are obtained. These formalisms permit to use a methodology that could provide a deeper insight into the phenomena of heat transport at different time scales in media with inhomogeneous thermophysical properties.

Ordonez-Miranda, J.; Alvarado-Gil, J. J. [Department of Applied Physics, Cinvestav-Unidad Merida, Carretera Antigua a Progreso km. 6, A.P. Postal 73 'Cordemex', Merida, Yucatan 97310 (Mexico); Zambrano-Arjona, Miguel A. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, A.P. 150 Cordemex, Merida, Yucatan 97310 (Mexico)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Numerical Simulation of Internal Kelvin Waves and Coastal Upwelling Fronts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two three-dimensional primitive equation numerical ocean models are applied to the problem of internal Kelvin waves and coastal upwelling in the Great Lakes. One is the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) with a terrain-following (sigma) vertical ...

Dmitry Beletsky; William P. O’Connor; David J. Schwab; David E. Dietrich

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ocean Map | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Map Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean Map Gallery Planning for ocean, coastal, and Great...

383

Ocean Motion International LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ocean Motion International LLC Ocean Motion International LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Ocean Motion International LLC Place Saulsbury, Tennessee Zip 38067 Sector Ocean Product Marine energy technology firm developing ocean/ wave powered generators. Coordinates 35.052242°, -89.083299° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.052242,"lon":-89.083299,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

384

Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan (Massachusetts) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan (Massachusetts) < Back Eligibility Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs The Massachusetts Ocean Act of 2008 required the state's Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs to develop a comprehensive ocean management plan for the state by the end of 2009. That plan identified certain state waters that are eligible for offshore wind, wave and tidal energy development and other state waters where such development is

385

The Ventilated Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adiabatic theories of ocean circulation and density structure have a long tradition, from the concept of the ventilated thermocline to the notion that deep ocean ventilation is controlled by westerly winds over the Southern Ocean. This study ...

Patrick Haertel; Alexey Fedorov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

On Scatterometer Ocean Stress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scatterometers estimate the relative atmosphere–ocean motion at spatially high resolution and provide accurate inertial-scale ocean wind forcing information, which is crucial for many ocean, atmosphere, and climate applications. An empirical ...

M. Portabella; A. Stoffelen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Evolution of Persistent Wave Groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the near-field leg of the Hawaiian Ocean-Mixing Experiment (HOME-NF), short, steep surface wave groups were observed that elicited strong group-forced responses in the wave-filtered surface current field, as reported by Smith. Some of ...

Jerome A. Smith; Coralie Brulefert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Effects of the Indonesian Throughflow on the Pacific and Indian Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) on the circulation and thermal structure of the Pacific and Indian Oceans are studied by comparing solutions of a near-global ocean general circulation model with open and closed Indonesian passages ...

Tong Lee; Ichiro Fukumori; Dimitris Menemenlis; Zhangfan Xing; Lee-Lueng Fu

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Variations in Ocean Surface Temperature due to Near-Surface Flow: Straining the Cool Skin Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aqueous thermal boundary layer near to the ocean surface, or skin layer, has thickness O(1 mm) and plays an important role in controlling the exchange of heat between the atmosphere and the ocean. Theoretical arguments and experimental ...

Andrew J. Wells; Claudia Cenedese; J. Thomas Farrar; Christopher J. Zappa

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Scales of Variability in the Equatorial Pacific Inferred form Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean Buoy Array  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The highly temporally resolved time series from the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean moored buoy array are used to evaluate the scales of thermal variability in the upper equatorial Pacific. The TAO array consists of nearly 70 deep-ocean moorings ...

William S. Kessler; M. C. Spillane; Michael J. McPhaden; D. E. Harrison

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Low-Frequency Barotropic Scattering on a Shelf Bordering an Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BY restricting attention to low frequencies this note solves the problem of continental shelf waves scattered at an abrupt change in width of an exponential shelf abutting a flat open ocean. Short reflected waves are treated by removing their ...

E. R. Johnson

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ocean Response to a Hurricane. Part I: Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the ocean to hurricanes was investigated using aircraft-deployable expendable current profilers (AXCP). The goals were to observe and separate the surface wave and surface mixed layer (SML) velocities under the storms and to map ...

Thomas B. Sanford; Peter G. Black; James R. Haustein; James W. Feeney; George Z. Forristall; James F. Price

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Simulations of the Ocean Response to a Hurricane: Nonlinear Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superinertial internal waves generated by a tropical cyclone can propagate vertically and laterally away from their local generation site and break, contributing to turbulent vertical mixing in the deep ocean and maintenance of the stratification ...

Sarah E. Zedler

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Normal-Mode Decomposition of Small-Scale Oceanic Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale oceanic motions consist of vortical motion and internal waves. In a linear or weakly nonlinear system these two types of motions can be unambiguously separated using normal-mode decomposition in which the vortical mode carries the ...

Ren-Chieh Lien; Peter Müller

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The Role of Internal Tides in Mixing the Deep Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal wave theory is used to examine the generation, radiation, and energy dissipation of internal tides in the deep ocean. Estimates of vertical energy flux based on a previously developed model are adjusted to account for the influence of ...

Louis St. Laurent; Chris Garrett

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

How Much Energy Propagates Vertically in the Equatorial Oceans?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically propagating linear wave calculations using realistic equatorial buoyancy profiles are presented which show the percentage of the downward surface energy flux that reaches the deep equatorial oceans. The percentages vary widely ...

Peter R. Gent; James R. Luyten

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Simulation of propagating EAS Cherenkov radiation over the ocean surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present computing results of the Cherenkov light propagation in air and water from extensive air showers developing over the ocean. Limits on zenith angles of the showers, at which the registration of flashes of reflected Cherenkov photons by the satellite-based detector TUS is possible, are analyzed with consideration for waves on the ocean surface.

Shustova, O P; Khrenov, B A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Robots on Waves By Cianna Beltran, Editor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Wave Glider is about the size of a surfboard with a wave-based propulsion system and two solar panels that move across the ocean measuring weather and water quality. The goal is that these robot wave riders such as water quality and weather conditions. Photo courtesy of http://liquidr.com/ #12;Page 2Seawords, December

399

Mass Transport Velocity in Free Barotropic Poincaré Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mass transport velocity induced by long surface waves in a shallow, rotating viscous ocean is studied theoretically by using a Lagrangian description of motion. The depth is constant, and the water is homogeneous. Such waves are referred to ...

Frode Høydalsvik; Jan Erik Weber

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Observations of Wave Breaking Kinematics in Fetch-Limited Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Breaking waves play an important role in air–sea interaction, enhancing momentum flux from the atmosphere to the ocean, dissipating wave energy that is then available for turbulent mixing, injecting aerosols and sea spray into the atmosphere, and ...

Jessica M. Kleiss; W. Kendall Melville

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Preliminary Assessment and Use of ERS-1 Altimeter Wave Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The satellite ERS-1, launched in July 1991, carries a radar altimeter that provides collocated measurements of significant wave height and wind speed over the oceans. During the calibration period, significant wave height and wind speed ...

S. J. Foreman; M. W. Holt; S. Kelsall

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

On the Energy Input from Wind to Surface Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A basic model relating the energy dissipation in the ocean mixed layer to the energy input into the surface wave field is combined with recent measurements of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation to determine the average phase speed of the waves ...

J. R. Gemmrich; T. D. Mudge; V. D. Polonichko

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Low-Frequency Baroclinic Waves off Coastal Boundaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of low-frequency baroclinic Rossby wave motion in the vicinity of coastal boundaries is investigated using linearized modulated wave theory in a stratified, constant-depth, equatorial ?-plane ocean. A primary objective is to obtain ...

R. Grimshaw; J. S. Allen

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Measurement of Directional Wave Spectra Using Aircraft Laser Altimeters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A remote sensing method to measure directional oceanic surface waves by three laser altimeters on the NOAA LongEZ aircraft is investigated. To examine feasibility and sensitivity of the wavelet analysis method to various waves, aircraft motions, ...

J. Sun; S. P. Burns; D. Vandemark; M. A. Donelan; L. Mahrt; Timothy L. Crawford; T. H. C. Herbers; G. H. Crescenti; J. R. French

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A Modification of the Garrett–Munk Internal Wave Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Garrett–Munk (GM) spectrum continues to be a useful description of the oceanic internal wave field. However, there are several inconsistencies and ambiguities that make it difficult to use in comparing internal wave fields at different ...

Murray D. Levine

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Introduction to Ocean Waves Rick Salmon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kong bjiang@cs.hku.hk W. K. Chan City University of Hong Kong Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong wkchan@cs.cityu.edu.hk T. H. Tse The University of Hong Kong Pokfulam, Hong Kong thtse@cs.hku.hk Abstract--An effective [14], further uses a tie- breaker to resolve statements having the same suspiciousness values so

Salmon, Rick

407

ocean | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ocean ocean Dataset Summary Description This shapefile represents the seasonal winter depth profile to reach water at a temperature of 20ºC. Source NREL Date Released October 28th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords depth profile hydrokinetic ocean ocean energy ocean thermal energy conversion OTEC seawater cooling thermal Data application/zip icon OTEC Seawater Cooling 20ºC Depth Profile - Winter Average (zip, 1.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period March 2009 - February 2011 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

408

About Ocean Community | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Ocean Community Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean About Ocean Community This...

409

Hydropower and Ocean Energy Resources and Technologies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydropower and Ocean Energy Resources and Technologies Hydropower and Ocean Energy Resources and Technologies Hydropower and Ocean Energy Resources and Technologies October 7, 2013 - 9:29am Addthis Photo of water flowing from several openings in a hydropower dam. Hydropower produces 10% of the nation's energy, including power from the Ice Harbor Dam in Burbank, Washington. This page provides a brief overview of hydropower and ocean energy resources and technologies supplemented by specific information to apply these technologies within the Federal sector. Overview Hydropower has been used for centuries to power machinery, but the application most commonly associated with hydropower is electricity production through dams. Ocean energy refers to various forms of renewable energy harnessed from the ocean. There are two primary types of ocean energy: mechanical and thermal.

410

Ocean Technical | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean Technical Community of Practice Through a variety of...

411

The Effect of the Ocean Eddy on Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid intensification of Hurricane Katrina followed by the devastation of the U.S. Gulf States highlights the critical role played by an upper-oceanic thermal structure (such as the ocean eddy or Loop Current) in affecting the development of ...

Chun-Chieh Wu; Chia-Ying Lee; I-I. Lin

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Mixing and Energetics of the Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using an idealized tube model and scaling analysis, the physics supporting the oceanic thermohaline circulation is examined. Thermal circulation in the tube model can be classified into two categories. When the cooling source is at a level higher ...

Rui Xin Huang

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Data Assimilation Tests with an Oceanic Mixed-Layer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data assimilation technique using a one-dimensional, ocean mixed-layer model to advance the thermal structure observations to the analysis time is tested. The effects of insertions of erroneous temperature profiles in such a model are studied ...

Russell L. Elsberry; Larry L. Warrenfelt

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

A Laboratory Model of Vertical Ocean Circulation Driven by Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of deep ocean circulation driven by turbulent mixing is produced in a long, rectangular laboratory tank. The salinity difference is substituted for the thermal difference between tropical and polar regions. Freshwater gently flows in at ...

J. A. Whitehead; Wei Wang

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Sea-State-Dependent Momentum Fluxes for Ocean Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of wave-dependent surface stress on the ocean circulation has been studied using surface stresses calculated from a numerical wave model. The main questions to be investigated were what the effect would be on the Ekman currents in the ...

Øyvind Saetra; Jon Albretsen; Peter A. E. M. Janssen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Internal Waves in Monterey Submarine Canyon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Velocity, temperature, and salinity profile surveying in Monterey Submarine Canyon during spring tide reveals an internal wave field almost an order of magnitude more energetic than that in the open ocean. Semidiurnal fluctuations and their ...

Eric Kunze; Leslie K. Rosenfeld; Glenn S. Carter; Michael C. Gregg

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Temperature Advection by Tropical Instability Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical model of the tropical Pacific Ocean is used to investigate the processes that cause the horizontal temperature advection of tropical instability waves (TIWs). It is found that their temperature advection cannot be explained by the ...

Markus Jochum; Raghu Murtugudde

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Makai Ocean Engineering Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Makai Ocean Engineering Inc Makai Ocean Engineering Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Makai Ocean Engineering Inc Address PO Box 1206 Place Kailua Zip 96734-1206 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Year founded 1973 Number of employees 28 Phone number 808.259.8871 Website http://www.makai.com Region United States LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Deep Water Pipelines This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

419

Wind Energy Input to the Surface Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind energy input into the ocean is primarily produced through surface waves. The total rate of this energy source, integrated over the World Ocean, is estimated at 60 TW, based on empirical formulas and results from a numerical model of surface ...

Wei Wang; Rui Xin Huang

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Ocean shell noises  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean shell noises Name: Rick A Cazzato Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do you here noises when you put a ocean shell to your ear? Does this happen because of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mixing by ocean eddies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesoscale eddies mix and transport tracers such as heat and potential vorticity laterally in the ocean. While this transport plays an important role in the climate system, especially in the Southern Ocean, we lack a, ...

Abernathey, Ryan (Ryan Patrick)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Wave Energy Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wave Energy Basics Wave Energy Basics Wave Energy Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:30pm Addthis Photo of a large wave. Wave energy technologies extract energy directly from surface waves or from pressure fluctuations below the surface. Renewable energy analysts believe there is enough energy in ocean waves to provide up to 2 terawatts of electricity. (A terawatt is equal to a trillion watts.) However, wave energy cannot be harnessed everywhere. Wave power-rich areas of the world include the western coasts of Scotland, northern Canada, southern Africa, and Australia as well as the northeastern and northwestern coasts of the United States. In the Pacific Northwest alone, it is feasible that wave energy could produce 40-70 kilowatts (kW) per 3.3 feet (1 meter) of western coastline. Wave Energy Technologies

423

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Program Management Plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Office of the Associate Laboratory Director for Energy and Environmental Technology has established the OTEC Program Management Office to be responsible for the ANL-assigned tasks of the OTEC Program under DOE's Chicago Operations and Regional Office (DOE/CORO). The ANL OTEC Program Management Plan is essentially a management-by-objective plan. The principal objective of the program is to provide lead technical support to CORO in its capacity as manager of the DOE power-system program. The Argonne OTEC Program is divided into three components: the first deals with development of heat exchangers and other components of OTEC power systems, the second with development of biofouling counter-measures and corrosion-resistant materials for these components in seawater service, and the third with environmental and climatic impacts of OTEC power-system operation. The essential points of the Management Plan are summarized, and the OTEC Program is described. The organization of the OTEC Program at ANL is described including the functions, responsibilities, and authorities of the organizational groupings. The system and policies necessary for the support and control functions within the organization are discussed. These functions cross organizational lines, in that they are common to all of the organization groups. Also included are requirements for internal and external reports.

Combs, R E

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disturbances d~e to carbon dioxide releases and sea-surfacefom installations; however, the carbon dioxide~releases fromwith other man-ind~ced carbon dioxide releases to result in

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

planes, Large quantities of chlorine will be used to controlthe marine environment. Chlorine react ions in sea\\Chlorine also has been reported to

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand due to emerging economies like China, India, and Brazil. Coal and natural gas resources 7296 O. It seems sensible toconsider OTEC as one of the renewable energy technologies of the future. Introduction

427

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Mostly about USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structures (Plantships) · Bottom-Mounted Structures · Model Basin Tests/ At-Sea Tests · 210 kW OC-OTEC systems and with an investment payback period estimated at 3 to 4 years. #12;OTEC 12 Energy Carriers & Attachments #12;#12;#12;#12;Bottom-Mounted Structures · Fixed Towers · Guyed Towers · TLP not shown · Causeway

428

The Potential Impact of Ocean Thermal Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the entrainmcnt and impingement that would result with the pumping of large volumes of seawater through an OTEC on bottom-mounted towers or offshore in the form of moored floating plants or free- floating plantships on the order of 100 m. Bottom-mounted plants (on towers) will make use of the space along the vertical extent

429

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and power usages (baseload electricity and production of =approximately 60 GW of baseload electricty could be producedcommunities, and will produce baseload electrical power and

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Wave-Driven Wind Jets in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction between ocean surface waves and the overlying wind leads to a transfer of momentum across the air–sea interface. Atmospheric and oceanic models typically allow for momentum transfer to be directed only downward, from the ...

Kirsty E. Hanley; Stephen E. Belcher

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Observations of Large-Amplitude Nonlinear Internal Waves from a Drifting Array: Instruments and Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel methodology applied to the observation of large-amplitude nonlinear internal waves in the upper ocean from an array of drifting instruments. The characteristics of the instrument used—an Autonomous Drifting Ocean ...

L. R. Centurioni

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Scattering of Internal Waves at Finite Topography in Two Dimensions. Part II: Spectral Calculations and Boundary Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scattering of internal gravity waves at finite topography is studied theoretically and numerically for a two-dimensional finite-depth ocean. In Part I a single incident plane wave was considered. Here a random superposition of incident waves ...

Peter Müller; Xianbing Liu

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

MHK Technologies/Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wave pumps and turbins Wind Wave pumps and turbins < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Hybrid wave Wind Wave pumps and turbins.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ocean Wave Wind Energy Ltd OWWE Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description 2Wave1Wind The hybrid wave power rig uses two wave converting technologies in addition to wind mills The main system is a pneumatic float in the category of overtopping as Wave Dragon In addition the pneumatic float can house point absorbers The hybrid wave power rig is based on the patented wave energy converter from 2005

434

Is Langmuir Circulation Driven by Surface Waves or Surface Cooling?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ratio of the buoyancy force driving thermal convection to the surface wave vortex-force driving Langmuir circulation in the Craik–Leibovich mechanism involves the Hoenikker number Ho. The critical value Hoc, at which wave forcing and thermal ...

Ming Li; Chris Garrett

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Wave Dragon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overtopping Wave Devices Wave Dragon ApSLtd HWETTEI - Workshop October 26-28, 2005, Washington, DC Hydrokinetic Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop the Wave...

436

Ocean | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Ocean Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean Welcome to our COMMUNITY This is the National Ocean Council's portal for data, information, and decision tools to support people engaged in regional marine planning for the future use of the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes. Our goal is to enhance discovery of and access to data and information for planners, stakeholders, and the public. Please visit our Feedback page to tell us what would make the site most useful to you as we expand our content. Start Here! Previous Pause Next PacIOOS - Pacific Islands Voyager PacIOOS - Pacific Islands Voyager View More West Coast Governors Alliance - Regional Data Framework West Coast Governors Alliance - Regional Data Framework View More Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal

437

Measurements of Ocean Surface Backscattering Using an Airborne 94-GHz Cloud Radar—Implication for Calibration of Airborne and Spaceborne W-Band Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Backscattering properties of the ocean surface have been widely used as a calibration reference for airborne and spaceborne microwave sensors. However, at millimeter-wave frequencies, the ocean surface backscattering mechanism is still not well ...

Lihua Li; Gerald M. Heymsfield; Lin Tian; Paul E. Racette

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Direct Drive Wave Energy Buoy  

SciTech Connect

The most prudent path to a full-scale design, build and deployment of a wave energy conversion (WEC) system involves establishment of validated numerical models using physical experiments in a methodical scaling program. This Project provides essential additional rounds of wave tank testing at 1:33 scale and ocean/bay testing at a 1:7 scale, necessary to validate numerical modeling that is essential to a utility-scale WEC design and associated certification.

Rhinefrank, Kenneth E. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Lenee-Bluhm, Pukha [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Prudell, Joseph H. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Schacher, Alphonse A. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Hammagren, Erik J. [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.; Zhang, Zhe [Columbia Power Technologies, Inc.

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Survey of Ocean Simulation and Rendering Techniques in Computer Graphics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a survey of ocean simulation and rendering methods in computer graphics. To model and animate the ocean's surface, these methods mainly rely on two main approaches: on the one hand, those which approximate ocean dynamics with parametric, spectral or hybrid models and use empirical laws from oceanographic research. We will see that this type of methods essentially allows the simulation of ocean scenes in the deep water domain, without breaking waves. On the other hand, physically-based methods use Navier-Stokes Equations (NSE) to represent breaking waves and more generally ocean surface near the shore. We also describe ocean rendering methods in computer graphics, with a special interest in the simulation of phenomena such as foam and spray, and light's interaction with the ocean surface.

Darles, Emmanuelle; Ghazanfarpour, Djamchid; Gonzato, Jean-Christophe; 10.1111/j.1467-8659.2010.01828.x

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

ocean energy | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ocean energy ocean energy Home Kch's picture Submitted by Kch(24) Member 9 April, 2013 - 13:30 MHK Cost Breakdown Structure Draft CBS current energy GMREC LCOE levelized cost of energy marine energy MHK ocean energy The generalized Cost Breakdown Structure (CBS) for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) projects is a hierarchical structure designed to facilitate the collection and organization of lifecycle costs of any type of MHK project, including wave energy converters and current energy convertners. At a high level, the categories in the CBS will be applicable to all projects; at a detailed level, however, the CBS includes many cost categories that will pertain to one project but not others. It is expected that many of the detailed levels of the CBS will be populated with "NA" or left blank.Upload

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

AWS Ocean Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AWS Ocean Energy Ltd AWS Ocean Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name AWS Ocean Energy Ltd Place Inverness, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip IV17 1SN Product Inverness-based company established to commercialise the Archimedes Wave Swing. Coordinates 48.55324°, -110.689764° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.55324,"lon":-110.689764,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

442

oceans - Geodata icon | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oceans - Geodata icon Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov Communities Ocean...

443

Energy storage and generation from thermopower waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nonlinear coupling between an exothermic chemical reaction and a nanowire or nanotube with large axial heat conduction guides a self-propagating thermal wave along the nano-conduit. The thermal conduit accelerates the ...

Abrahamson, Joel T. (Joel Theodore)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Finavera Renewables Ocean Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewables Ocean Energy Ltd Renewables Ocean Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Finavera Renewables Ocean Energy Ltd Address 595 Burrard Street Suite 3113 Three Bentall Centre PO Box 49071 Place Vancouver Zip V7X 1G4 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 604-288-9051 Website http://www.finavera.com Region Canada LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Coos County Offshore Wave Energy Power Plant Figueira da Foz Portugal Humboldt County Wave Project Makah Bay Offshore Wave Pilot Project South Africa Ucluelet BC Canada This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: AquaBuoy This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

445

MHK Technologies/Ocean Energy Rig | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rig Rig < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Ocean Energy Rig.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Free Flow 69 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description The Ocean Energy Rig is a hybrid concept harnessing tidal stream with increased velocity from venturi system wave and wind power The rig also uses solar panels to power computers and warning lights Other unique features include a water ballasting system with automatic self levelling and wave ramps to maximize FreeFlow 69 s new wave power device It is envisaged that the Ocean Energy Rig would be assembled and maintained in dry docks and would be towed out into position before being semi submerged and anchored for operation Power output of the production model would be at least 10MW

446

Oceanic Heat Flux Calculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors review the procedure for the direct calculation of oceanic heat flux from hydrographic measurements and set out the full “recipe” that is required.

Sheldon Bacon; Nick Fofonoff

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Energy Basics: Ocean Resources  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Resources Although the potential for ocean energy technologies is believed to be very large, no comprehensive studies have been conducted to date to determine an accurate resource...

448

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iron, manganese and lead at Hawaii Ocean Time-series stationof beryllium to the oceans, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. , 114,organic carbon fluxes in the ocean based on the quantitative

Han, Qin; Moore, J. Keith; Zender, Charles; Measures, Chris; Hydes, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

NREL: Energy Analysis - Ocean Energy Results - Life Cycle Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ocean Energy Results - Life Cycle Assessment Review Ocean Energy Results - Life Cycle Assessment Review For more information, visit: Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation: Ocean Energy OpenEI: Data, Visualization, and Bibliographies Chart that shows life cycle greenhouse gas emissions for ocean power technologies. For help reading this chart, please contact the webmaster. Estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of wave and tidal range technologies. Credit: Lewis, A., S. Estefen, J. Huckerby, W. Musial, T. Pontes, J. Torres-Martinez, 2011: Ocean Energy. In IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, K. Seyboth, P. Matschoss, S. Kadner, T. Zwickel, P. Eickemeier, G. Hansen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow (eds)], Cambridge University Press. Figure 6.11 Enlarge image

450

The Coastal Ocean Prediction Systems program: Understanding and managing our coastal ocean. Volume 1: Strategic summary  

SciTech Connect

The proposed COPS (Coastal Ocean Prediction Systems) program is concerned with combining numerical models with observations (through data assimilation) to improve our predictive knowledge of the coastal ocean. It is oriented toward applied research and development and depends upon the continued pursuit of basic research in programs like COOP (Coastal Ocean Processes); i.e., to a significant degree it is involved with ``technology transfer`` from basic knowledge to operational and management applications. This predictive knowledge is intended to address a variety of societal problems: (1) ship routing, (2) trajectories for search and rescue operations, (3) oil spill trajectory simulations, (4) pollution assessments, (5) fisheries management guidance, (6) simulation of the coastal ocean`s response to climate variability, (7) calculation of sediment transport, (8) calculation of forces on structures, and so forth. The initial concern is with physical models and observations in order to provide a capability for the estimation of physical forces and transports in the coastal ocean. For all these applications, there are common needs for physical field estimates: waves, tides, currents, temperature, and salinity, including mixed layers, thermoclines, fronts, jets, etc. However, the intent is to work with biologists, chemists, and geologists in developing integrated multidisciplinary prediction systems as it becomes feasible to do so. From another perspective, by combining observations with models through data assimilation, a modern approach to monitoring is provided through whole-field estimation.

Not Available

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Ocean Health and Human Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. 2002. Indicators of ocean health and human health:Nature 423:280–283. Oceans and Human Health Act. 2003. S.Editorial Guest Editorial Ocean Health and Human Health

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Dissipative Waves Excited by Gravity-Wave Encounters with the Stably Stratified Planetary Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We suggest that the strata of strong echo returns frequently revealed by remote-sensor records of the stably stratified planetary bound layer (PBL) represent the wavefronts of dissipative waves (viscous and thermal-conduction waves) excited by ...

William H. Hooke; R. Michael Jones

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Electrically Active Convection in Tropical Easterly Waves and Implications for Tropical Cyclogenesis in the Atlantic and East Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the authors investigated the characteristics of tropical easterly wave convection and the possible implications of convective structure on tropical cyclogenesis and intensification over the Atlantic Ocean and the east Pacific Ocean. ...

Kenneth D. Leppert II; Walter A. Petersen; Daniel J. Cecil

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Multiscale Momentum Flux and Diffusion due to Whitecapping in Wave–Current Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whitecapping affects the Reynolds stresses near the ocean surface. A model for the conservative dynamics of waves and currents is modified to include the averaged effect of multiple, short-lived, and random wave-breaking events on large ...

Juan M. Restrepo; Jorge M. Ramírez; James C. McWilliams; Michael Banner

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Modeling wind forcing in phase resolving simulation of nonlinear wind waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind waves in the ocean are a product of complex interaction of turbulent air flow with gravity driven water surface. The coupling is strong and the waves are non-stationary, irregular and highly nonlinear, which restricts ...

Kalmikov, Alexander G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Scattering of Continental Shelf Waves at a Discontinuity in Shelf Width  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical solution is presented for the scattering of a free shelf wave incident upon a discontinuity in shelf width in a barotropic ocean. The discussion of solutions relying on backscattered free-waves with large wavenumbers which may not ...

John L. Wilkin; David C. Chapman

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Wind Forced Internal Waves in the North Pacific and Sargasso Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional structure of the near-inertial frequency internal wave field was measured at two open ocean sites using expendable velocity profilers. Both wave fields appear to be dominantly wind forced although their vertical structure ...

Eric A. D'Asaro

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Higher Fourier Harmonics of the Directional Distribution of an Equilibrium Wave Field under Steady Wind Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, directional wave spectra have been obtained by applying the two-dimensional fast Fourier transform (2D FFT) to the three-dimensional spatial topography of ocean surface waves collected by an airborne scanning laser ranging system during ...

David W. Wang; Paul A. Hwang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Experimental investigation of small-scale breaking waves : flow visualization across the air-water interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of breaking waves significantly affect air-sea fluxes of heat, momentum, mass and energy across the ocean interface. Breaking waves also contribute considerable loading to offshore and coastal structures, and ...

McDonald, Angus Kai

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Effects of Numerics on the Physics in a Third-Generation Wind-Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical errors in third-generation ocean wave models can result in a misinterpretation of the physics in the model. Using idealized situations, it is shown that numerical errors significantly influence the initial growth, the response of wave ...

Hendrik L. Tolman

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Experimental Study on Wind-Wave Momentum Flux in Strongly Forced Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A quantitative description of wind-wave momentum transfer in high wind conditions is necessary for accurate wave models, storm and hurricane forecasting, and models that require atmosphere–ocean coupling such as circulation and mixed layer models. ...

Ivan B. Savelyev; Brian K. Haus; Mark A. Donelan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Trends of Atlantic Wave Extremes as Simulated in a 40-Yr Wave Hindcast Using Kinematically Reanalyzed Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, seasonal extremes of wave height in the North Atlantic are analyzed. The analysis is based on a 40-yr (1958–97) numerical wave hindcast using an intensive kinematic reanalysis of wind fields. Changes in the ocean wave extremes are ...

Xiaolan L. Wang; Val R. Swail

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Ocean General Circulation Models  

SciTech Connect

1. Definition of Subject The purpose of this text is to provide an introduction to aspects of oceanic general circulation models (OGCMs), an important component of Climate System or Earth System Model (ESM). The role of the ocean in ESMs is described in Chapter XX (EDITOR: PLEASE FIND THE COUPLED CLIMATE or EARTH SYSTEM MODELING CHAPTERS). The emerging need for understanding the Earth’s climate system and especially projecting its future evolution has encouraged scientists to explore the dynamical, physical, and biogeochemical processes in the ocean. Understanding the role of these processes in the climate system is an interesting and challenging scientific subject. For example, a research question how much extra heat or CO2 generated by anthropogenic activities can be stored in the deep ocean is not only scientifically interesting but also important in projecting future climate of the earth. Thus, OGCMs have been developed and applied to investigate the various oceanic processes and their role in the climate system.

Yoon, Jin-Ho; Ma, Po-Lun

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Real-time upper-ocean temperature observations from aircraft during operational hurricane reconnaissance missions: AXBT Demonstration Project year one results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thousands of aircraft observations of upper-ocean thermal structure have been obtained during hurricane and typhoon research field experiments in recent decades. The results from these experiments suggest a strong correlation between upper-ocean ...

Elizabeth R. Sanabia; Bradford S. Barrett; Peter G. Black; Sue Chen; James A. Cummings

465

The Daytona Beach Wave of 3–4 July 1992: A Shallow-Water Gravity Wave Forced by a Propagating Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An unexpected run-up of the ocean along Daytona Beach, Florida, on 3–4 July 1992 was associated with at least one large ocean wave. The wave, which reached a height of about 3 m above normal tide, injured 75 people and damaged property along ...

Dean D. Churchill; Sam H. Houston; Nicholas A. Bond

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Wave Power Demonstration Project at Reedsport, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

Ocean wave power can be a significant source of large?scale, renewable energy for the US electrical grid. The Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI) conservatively estimated that 20% of all US electricity could be generated by wave energy. Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. (OPT), with funding from private sources and the US Navy, developed the PowerBuoy? to generate renewable energy from the readily available power in ocean waves. OPT's PowerBuoy converts the energy in ocean waves to electricity using the rise and fall of waves to move the buoy up and down (mechanical stroking) which drives an electric generator. This electricity is then conditioned and transmitted ashore as high?voltage power via underwater cable. OPT's wave power generation system includes sophisticated techniques to automatically tune the system for efficient conversion of random wave energy into low cost green electricity, for disconnecting the system in large waves for hardware safety and protection, and for automatically restoring operation when wave conditions normalize. As the first utility scale wave power project in the US, the Wave Power Demonstration Project at Reedsport, OR, will consist of 10 PowerBuoys located 2.5 miles off the coast. This U.S. Department of Energy Grant funding along with funding from PNGC Power, an Oregon?based electric power cooperative, was utilized for the design completion, fabrication, assembly and factory testing of the first PowerBuoy for the Reedsport project. At this time, the design and fabrication of this first PowerBuoy and factory testing of the power take?off subsystem are complete; additionally the power take?off subsystem has been successfully integrated into the spar.

Mekhiche, Mike [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Downie, Bruce [Project Manager] [Project Manager

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

467

Analysis of Short Space–Time-Scale Variability of Oceanic Rain Using TOPEX/Jason  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information on the spatial and temporal variability of rain rate is important not only for meteorology and hydrology but also for the design of remote sensing and in situ measuring or of millimeter wave communication systems. The Ocean Topography ...

J. Tournadre; S. Bhandari

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Spaceborne Radar Sensing of Precipitation above an Ocean Surface: Polarization Contrast Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This feasibility study explores the potential benefits of polarization adjustment for spaceborne radar sensing of precipitation. More specifically, the role of the wave polarization in separating or “distinguishing” ocean surface return from the ...

Alexander B. Kostinski; John M. Kwiatkowski; A. R. Jameson

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Impact of Horizontal Resolution on the Tropical Heat Budget in an Atlantic Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean general circulation model (OGCM) of the tropical Atlantic is coupled to an advective atmospheric boundary layer model. This configuration is used to investigate the hypothesis that resolving tropical instability waves (TIWs) in OGCMs ...

Markus Jochum; Raghu Murtugudde; Raffaele Ferrari; Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Operational Altimeter-Derived Oceanographic Information: The NORDA GEOSAT Ocean Applications Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Navy's GEOSAT active microwave altimeter provides detailed oceanographic and atmospheric information. It measures global oceanic wind speeds and significant wave height, sea ice edge in the polar regions, and dynamic topography related ...

Matthew Lybanon; Conrad H. Johnson; Pavel Pistek; Richard L. Crout

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

European Geosciences Union Ocean Science Formulation of an ocean model for global climate simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper summarizes the formulation of the ocean component to the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory’s (GFDL) climate model used for the 4th IPCC Assessment (AR4) of global climate change. In particular, it reviews the numerical schemes and physical parameterizations that make up an ocean climate model and how these schemes are pieced together for use in a state-of-the-art climate model. Features of the model described here include the following: (1) tripolar grid to resolve the Arctic Ocean without polar filtering, (2) partial bottom step representation of topography to better represent topographically influenced advective and wave processes, (3) more accurate equation of state, (4) three-dimensional flux limited tracer advection to reduce overshoots and undershoots, (5) incorporation of regional climatological variability in shortwave penetration,

B. L. Samuels; M. J. Spelman; M. Winton; R. Zhang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Microbial metabolism in the deep ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon flux through the ocean’s twilight zone. Science 316:sinking particle flux in the ocean’s twilight zone. LimnolRespiration in the dark ocean. Geophys Res Lett 30:doi:

Hansman, Roberta Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Microbial Metabollism in the Deep Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon flux through the ocean’s twilight zone. Science 316:sinking particle flux in the ocean’s twilight zone. LimnolRespiration in the dark ocean. Geophys Res Lett 30:doi:

Hansman, Roberta L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraining oceanic dust deposition using surface ocean dissolved Al Qin Han,1 J. Keith Moore,1; accepted 7 December 2007; published 12 April 2008. [1] We use measurements of ocean surface dissolved Al (DEAD) model to constrain dust deposition to the oceans. Our Al database contains all available

Moore, Keith

475

SOME OCEAN MODEL FUNDAMENTALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of these lectures is to present elements of the equations and algorithms used in numerical models of the large-scale ocean circulation. Such models generally integrate the ocean’s primitive equations, which are based on Newton’s Laws applied to a continuum fluid under hydrostatic balance in a spherical geometry, along with linear irreversible thermodynamics and subgrid scale (SGS) parameterizations. During formulations of both the kinematics and dynamics, we highlight issues related to the use of a generalized vertical coordinate. The vertical coordinate is arguably the most critical element determining how a model is designed and applications to which a model is of use.

Stephen M. Griffies

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Ocean bottom seisometer  

SciTech Connect

An improved ocean bottom seismometer is described comprising: a spherical-shaped main housing having a seismic acquisition portion and a ballast portion below the acquisition portion. The ballast portion controls the ascent and descent of the ocean bottom seismometer; a conical skirt fixed to the main housing elevating the main housing above a horizontal plane coincident with a base of the skirt. The skirt is capable of confining fluid under the main housing when the base rests on an ocean bottom; spherical compartments mounted inside the skirt; and a lifting hook mounted on the outside of the main housing.

Neeley, W.P.

1987-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

477

The Impact of Rapid Wind Variability upon Air–Sea Thermal Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The basic effect of extratropical atmosphere–ocean thermal coupling is to enhance the variance of both anomalous sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and air temperatures (AIRT) due to a decreased energy flux between the atmosphere and ocean, called ...

Philip Sura; Matthew Newman

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

MHK Technologies/Ocean Treader floating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Treader floating Treader floating < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Ocean Treader floating.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Green Ocean Energy Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Development of Ocean Treader Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The Ocean Treader is comprised of two sponsons at the fore and aft of the device and a spar buoy in the center. As a wave passes along the device, first the fore sponson lifts and falls, then the spar buoy, and then the aft sponson, respectively. The relative motion between these three floating bodies is harvested by hydraulic cylinders mounted between the tops of the arms and the spar buoy. The cylinders pressurize hydraulic fluid that spins hydraulic motors and an electric generator. The electricity is exported via a cable piggy-backed to the anchor cable. Ocean Treader is designed to passively weather-vane to face the wave direction; and in addition, the device has active onboard adjustment to allow for offset due to the effects of current.

479

Carbon in Atlantic Ocean  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Atlantic Ocean About CARINA NDP-091: CARINA Data Synthesis Project The CARINA Group CARINA Cruise Summary Table and Data CARINA Data Products CARINA Database V1.2 ODV Collection...

480

Nonlinear Midlatitude Ocean Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean adjustment on annual to interdecadal scales to variable forcing is considered for a more nonlinear general circulation than has previously been studied. The nature of the response is a strong function of forcing frequency and importantly ...

William K. Dewar

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ocean thermal wave" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Global Ocean Meridional Overturning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A decade-mean global ocean circulation is estimated using inverse techniques, incorporating air–sea fluxes of heat and freshwater, recent hydrographic sections, and direct current measurements. This information is used to determine mass, heat, ...

Rick Lumpkin; Kevin Speer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Tropical Ocean Circulation Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation model of the equatorial Pacific Ocean was forced by realistic wind stress distributions over decades. Results were presented for a set of two experiments. In the first experiment the model was forced by an objectively ...

Mojib Latif

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Real-Time Quality Control of Wave Observations in the North Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of ocean wave data in new data assimilation techniques prompted the development of a real-time quality control system for wave height and wave period observations. Over the North Sea, a relatively large number of wave observations, as ...

María Paula Etala; Gerrit Burgers

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Lee-Wave Resonances over Double Bell-Shaped Obstacles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lee-wave resonance over double bell-shaped obstacles is investigated through a series of idealized high-resolution numerical simulations with the nonhydrostatic Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) model using a free-slip ...

Vanda Grubiši?; Ivana Stiperski

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Internal Wave Reflection and Scatter from Sloping Rough Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal gravity waves propagating in a uniformly stratified ocean are scattered on reflection from a rough inclined boundary. The boundary is inclined at angle ? to the horizontal and the roughness is represented by superimposed sinusoidal ...

S. A. Thorpe

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Model for Vortex-Trapped Internal Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regions of negative vorticity are observed to trap and amplify near-inertial internal waves, which are sources of turbulent mixing 10–100 times higher than typically found in the stratified ocean interior. Because these regions are of finite ...

Eric Kunze; Emmanuel Boss

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Equatorial Atmospheric Waves and Their Association to Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equatorial wave systems and their relationships with convective activity are analyzed in the western and central Pacific regions during the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE) intensive observation periods. The study uses ...

P. Pires; J-L. Redelsperger; J-P. Lafore

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

The Dynamics of Mountain-Wave-Induced Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of rotor flow associated with mountain lee waves is investigated through a series of high-resolution simulations with the nonhydrostatic Coupled Ocean–Atmospheric Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) model using free-slip and no-...

James D. Doyle; Dale R. Durran

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Trapped Lee Wave Interference in the Presence of Surface Friction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trapped lee wave interference over double bell-shaped obstacles in the presence of surface friction is examined. Idealized high-resolution numerical experiments with the nonhydrostatic Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) ...

Ivana Stiperski; Vanda Grubiši?

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Diagnosing Heat and Vorticity Budgets of Annual Coupled Rossby Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual coupled Rossby waves are generated at the west coast of Australia and propagate westward across the eastern Indian Ocean from 10° to 30°S in covarying sea level height (SLH), sea surface temperature (SST), and meridional surface wind (MSW) ...

Warren B. White; Jeffrey L. Annis

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Wave-induced Roll Motion beneath an Ice Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pair of gravity waves propagating at oblique angles along the sea-ice interface in a viscous, rotating ocean is studied theoretically. The motion is described by a Lagrangian formulation. Two theoretical models of the ice cover are considered. ...

Arne Melsom

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Horizontal and Vertical Structure of Cross-Equatorial Wave Propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational evidence of interhemispheric wave propagation through the equatorial upper-tropospheric mean westerlies in the eastern Pacific Ocean is found in nine years (1980/81 to 1988/89) of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ...

Robert A. Tomas; Peter J. Webster

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The Antarctic Circumpolar Wave: A Combination of Two Signals?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified view of the possible mechanisms behind the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave (ACW) interannual variability is provided by a frequency-domain decomposition of several observed atmospheric and oceanic variables. Two significant interannual ...

Silvia A. Venegas

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Impact of Gravity Waves on Marine Stratocumulus Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of gravity waves on marine stratocumulus is investigated using a large-eddy simulation model initialized with sounding profiles composited from the Variability of American Monsoon Systems (VAMOS) Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study ...

Qingfang Jiang; Shouping Wang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Professional paper A chronology of freaque wave encounters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wave energy through time and space, through areas of variable surface ocean currents, and through the southern tip of Trinidad to the Gulf of Paria when Columbus heard a fearsome roaring from behind his

496

Long-Term Observations of Tropical Instability Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reynolds sea surface temperature (SST) data showing tropical instability waves (TIWs) in the tropical Pacific are analyzed along with current measurements from the Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean (TAO) buoy array and wind speeds from the European ...

Robert F. Contreras

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Breaking Probability for Dominant Waves on the Sea Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The breaking probability is investigated for the dominant surface waves observed in three geographically diverse natural bodies of water: Lake Washington, the Black Sea, and the Southern Ocean. The breaking probability is taken as the average ...

Michael L. Banner; Alexander V. Babanin; Ian R. Young

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Signal Sampling Impacts on HF Radar Wave Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Averaging is required for the measurement of ocean surface wave spectra and parameters with any measurement system in order to reduce the variance in the estimates. Sampling theory for buoy measurements is well known. The same theory can be ...

Lucy R. Wyatt; J. Jim Green; Andrew Middleditch

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Modeling the Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect

Two numerical models utilizing primitive equations (two momentum equations and a mass continuity equation) simulate the oceanography of the Pacific Ocean from 20{degrees}S to 50{degrees}N. The authors examine the abundant model data through visualization , by animating the appropriate model fields and viewing the time history of each model simulation as a color movie. The animations are used to aid understanding of ocean circulation.

Johnson, M.A.; O' Brien, J.J. (Mesoscale Air-Sea Interaction Group, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Coherence of Western Boundary Pressure at the RAPID WAVE Array: Boundary Wave Adjustments or Deep Western Boundary Current Advection?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the coherence between ocean bottom pressure signals at the Rapid Climate Change programme (RAPID) West Atlantic Variability Experiment (WAVE) array on the western North Atlantic continental slope, including the Woods Hole ...

Shane Elipot; Chris Hughes; Sofia Olhede; John Toole

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z